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Chocolate Teacher Presents…


FAR WARS EPISODE I: THE EMPIRE HIKES TAX? Not In this issue : Goody Updike’s Horoscope

Michael Lang

Jonathan Edwards- “God is mad at you and you’re going to Hell.” How to get the most out of your indentured servitude Parlez-vous Francais?: Why New France Might Be Your Best Bet

Book Reports

How to beat Witchcraft: Do’s and Don’ts The Connecticut Yankee


Table of ConTenTs Part I Introduction

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Section Summaries

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Suggestions for Classroom Instruction

page 11

Information that relates to the first meeting

page 12

Part II Introduction

page 13

Section Summaries

page 14

Suggestions for Classroom Instruction

page 17

Information that relates to our two class meetings

page 18

Information that relates to podcasts

page 18


Introduction, Part I The first two chapters of Ubbelohde’s The American Colonies and the British Empire focus on the birth of the British Empire, its motivations and catalysts, as well as the attitudes of the domestic British and the colonial British toward this concept. Ubbelohde presents a plethora of historical analysis as well as differing historical interpretations of the period in question. The roles of women during the colonial period is the theme of the first four chapters of Berkin’s First Generations: Women in Colonial America. It showcases a biography of a different woman that during colonial times as well as offering specific commentary on the lives and conditions of colonial women. Most profiles are of white women who resided in the Chesapeake or Massachusetts areas, though Native Americans are mentioned.


The American Colonies and the British Empire: Summary The first chapter of Ubbelohde’s book is entitled “Building an Empire.” As the name suggests, this chapter speaks of the nascent period of the British Empire, the motivations and complexity of it, as well as the reaction to the whims of London by those who were under the aegis of the empire. Oliver Cromwell

Ubbelohde details the mercantilist motivations for empire, how changes in the monarchy and the rise of Parliament impacted empire and the administration of empire, the national rivalries that were stoked and quelled, and the American reaction/rebellion to imperial rule. With the idea that mercantilist philosophy helped to spur development of the empire now established, Ubbelohde focused chapter two of his text on the “Economic Empire.” This chapter examines the economic ties between London and the American colonies and gives one a very detailed picture of one of the concepts that will later be one of the primary catalysts for the American Revolution. The colonial economy and its linchpins are discussed (population shifts, cost/division of labor, invest 4

-ment capital) and the author includes a multitude of opinions in regard to the impact of these conditions. In addition, the author describes the growing dependence of the Mother country on the products from the colonists and the tension this created. The detail in which the relationship beJamestown tween the two entities is a strength of the chapter as well as the assessment at its conclusion, which serves as a refresher for the copious amount of information and opinion found in the chapter.


“Tumble Down Dick� Cromwell


First Generations : Women in Colonial America Summary Berkin does an excellent job of painting a picture of the struggles and triumphs of women who lived during the colonial period. Her insights are very human and gives one an authentic glimpse into the lives of these women. The first chapter begins with a biography of Mary Cole Warren, a woman who came to the new world with her husband Ignatius. Her story, that of the wife of a planter, is used to introduce the subject matter of the chapter. Since the “death driven” society was overwhelmingly male, Berkin posits that women that came to the Chesapeake region had a host of options when picking the most desirable mates. The desire for more laborers caused women to be almost constantly pregnant. The most interesting tidbits of the chapter dealt with the increased autonomy of single or widowed women, especially when compared to the relative slavery their married contemporaries. Widowed women were given the assets of their deceased husbands. The second chapter begins with the story of Hannah Emerson Mary Emerson Dustin escaping from the Indians Dustin, who survived capture by “hostile” Indians. The offers a glimpse at one of the themes of the chapter: the colonial relationship with Native Americans. Anne Hutchinson and religion are also touched upon.


Hear Ye, citizens of Massachusetts Bay! If you or anyone you know suspects someone practicing witchcraft*, contact your local pastor or town official.

Together we can force the wiccans from our midst and forever bask in the glory of God. -The Department of Colonial Security

When contacting the authorities, please be prepared to state whether this person is a witch because they owe you money, they have a cute spouse, own land you’ve got your eyes on, have generally wrong you, or because you are afraid they might claim you’re a witch first. *


The author contrasts the characteristics of the Chesapeake colonists and the Puritans. There was a higher life expectancy in the northern colonies and woman tended to marry earlier. With life structured by religious activity, the Puritans suffered from inflexibility of thought, but benefitted from more stable family units. The third chapter compares and contrasts the life of Native women with that of their European counterparts. Berkin readily concedes the bias in English texts in reference to Indians and relies on other sources to construct the picture of Native womanhood. The chapter begins with the story of Wetamo of the Wampanoag and her hostility to the “invaders.” The matriarchal system used by the Natives allowed their to be a semblance of equality between the genders. Property rights were deemphasized. The division of labor was such that men hunted while women were in charged of running the settlements. Chapter Four centers on the middle colonies and their diversity since settlements were situated near major ports. Previous to English invasion, the Dutch women enjoyed the ability to be educated and have opportunities for careers. Once New “Amsterdam” became New “York,” many of the rights women had as members of a religiously and culturally diverse society were redacted and limited to the draconian practices utilized by English colonies.


Colonial North America


British Empire in America


Impact on Classroom Teaching Though the concepts are presented in a very complex manner, it would be extremely beneficial to use the content in the books to deal exclusively with the economic and civic standards of the fifth grade curriculum. Since the theme of fifth grade social studies is US History, it would be quite beneficial to examine the relationship between the colonies and England in economic terms. This could also be done to examine the economic relationship between men and women in the Chesapeake, Middle, and New England colonies. In terms of civics, it would be quite interesting to examine the leaderships structures of the colonies and England and compare and contrast the system created by the founding fathers and its current evolution. It would show students that everything exists on a continuum and would allow them to see from whence our privileges received their inception.


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Information as it relates to the First Meeting The most salient point at which the book knowledge intersects the information garnered from the first meeting is the “Hokies and Heelots” activity. This activity speaks to how communities with different concepts of life interact with one another and echoes the difficulties the English had in understanding the American colonists and the subsequent difficulties the colonists experienced with Native populations. The “Where to build a Colony” activity was also supported quite nicely by the text. Both texts recount examples of why certain places were chosen for settlement as well as the advantages and disadvantages that faced them. This idea was further emphasized as we investigated the manifests listing the names of families that decided to come to New World and compared and contrasted the characteristics of settlers heading to Virginia and to Massachusetts. Are you wondering if you’re predestined? Is your woman not making babies the way she used to? Contact

Pastor Phil T. Lucre “Because Heaven’s Got a back door, too!” 12

Introduction, Part II The main thesis of the final chapter of the Ubbelohde book evinces how imperial dictums were crafted so the Motherland would be continually enriched by the colonies, but how in reality the colonies became distinct through exploiting weaknesses in imperial wishes and taking advantage of the structure of the colonial political system. Berkin’s final three chapters are composed the same way as the previous four. They each focus on women and how they had their roles defined for them and how they defined their roles.


The American Colonies and the British Empire: Summary In chapter three, the author takes the reader down the trail to democracy by pointing out the continual struggle that come with managing colonies, the latent and manifest “separateness� of the English and colonial experiences, the dynamic of war and the colonial component in it, and the weakness of the colonial government structure. That most colonist were oblivious to imperial influFrench and Indian War Map ence and were much more impacted by city governance, illustrates a massive chink in the armor imperial England. The lack a structurally sound government coupled with the relative weakness of Royal Governors, led to the infancy of American democratic thought and desires to be completely separate from the mother country.


Summary The fifth chapter of Berkin’s book speaks on the trials and tribulations of African American women. As is commonly known, the life of black slaves was endured on plantations. The demand for inexpensive labor caused many families to be separated and for families to lose personal histories and culture. The Negro society was a matriarchal with women forced to be guardians of whatever familial tidbits they could gather, having to work, and take care of children as well do to the likelihood that their mates would be sold or killed. The Southern and Northern use of slavAfrican slave woman with mistress ery was contrasted as well. Northern slaves were more domestic servants, but Southern slaves, who far outnumbered their Northern contemporaries, were charged with challenging manual labor. Chapter Six marks the emphasis on women and aristocracy. American life evolved from some primitive to a society in which comfort was being to be commonplace. Education, social morays, manners, and access to consumer goods all became ideas that were quickly gaining acceptance amongst the “genteel� crowd. Women, still largely locked into a domestic world, achieved social status through marrying a well-to-do man. They would be granted a level of independence through either the will of a dead spouse or father. .


The seventh and final chapter of the Berkin book invites the reader to consider the role of women in the American Revolution. Though discouraged from taking part in the physical conflict, though some did, women did contribute by organizing boycotts of English goods and production of goods during war time. Though the sophistication of Though generally discouraged from doing so, many women did participate in the physical aspects of war. their political thought did vary by social class and education, women were an invaluable component in the successful repulsion of the British.

On the Next “Husbands that cheat with their African slaves and the wives that love them� 16

Influence on Instruction In terms of using the information in an educational setting, it would be very entertaining and enlightening if students were assigned a woman a certain time period to do research on and were forced to model how that individual would have reacted to certain questions given their attitudes, lot in life, and time period. To have an assembly of some sort where this was shared would illustrate the continuum of thought and attitudes in American history to students and make real the struggles for equality that continue to this day.


The Anne Hutchinson presentation tied in nicely with chapter six and seven of the Berkin text due to the fact that Hutchinson was a woman who had made up her on mind and acted accordingly. She was the predecessor of the educated woman found in chapter six and the politically active woman teeming with a little bellicosity found in chapter seven. Dr. Green’s podcast, English Issues, echoed many of the themes from the initial chapters of the Ubbelohde text. Though he does discuss the issues in more depth and Anne Hutchinson Statue, Boston Mass. from a different perspective, there are very strong ties between Dr. Green’s assessment of the relationship between England and its American colonies and Ubbelohde’s. In a similar fashion, Dr. Beachley’s Mercantilism and Navigation System, echoes Ubbelohde. Focusing on the taxation and regulation as control mechanism, Dr. Beachley does well to reinforce the ideas presented by the author of the text. Finally, Dr. Beachley discussed the always entertaining Bacon Rebellion. She discusses the role of Berkley in a both positive and negative light, the actual dynamics of the rebellion and their results. Her analysis is a bit Bacon’s Rebellion more thorough than the Ubbelohde and much more enjoyable to hear.


Just when you thought it was safe… It’s SWINE TIME AGAIN!!

Animal Farm 2: Bacon’s Rebellion Put down the ham sandwich and squeal for you life!!! Coming Soon to a theater Near You This film is not yet rated 19

Psyence Phriction- Far Wars  

Book Reports for the Teaching American History Grant

Psyence Phriction- Far Wars  

Book Reports for the Teaching American History Grant