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ANNUAL REPORT 2019

CENTRE OF ADVANCED STUDIES OF BLANES


“We believe that scientific research and collaboration can transform the world toward sustainability” “We promote the sustainable management of water resources and integrated watershed management policies”

“We aim to develop a digital infrastructure for Global Change and Marine and Freshwater Biodiversity Observatories” “We provide high performance facilities for Functional and Behavioural Ecology studies”

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Contents

The Centre of Advanced Studies of Blanes

4-13

Annual Highlights

14-19

Laboratory Services & Facilities

20-25

Our research groups

26-89

Social-Ecological Systems In Coastal And Marine Environments

28-34

Integrative Freshwater Ecology

35-52

Molecular Ecology Of The Marine Bentos

53-63

Benthic Ecosystem Functioning

64-71

Theoretical And Computational Ecology

72-79

Sponge Ecobiology And Biotechnology

80-83

Group Of Aquatic Macrophyte Ecology (Game)

84-89

Communication And Outreach Service

90-100

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CEAB (Centre of Advanced Studies of Blanes) is a public research institute of the Higher Council of Scientific Investigations (CSIC), Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities

Launched in October 1985 as a multidisciplinary research center, the current research focuses on Ecology and Biodiversity, mostly of marine and freshwater ecosystems. The CEAB is formed by two research departments dedicated to marine biology, limnology and ecology: • •

Department of Continental Ecology Department of Marine Ecology

The research staff is divided in seven research groups.

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//ANNUAL REPORT 2016// “We are a public research center dedicated to marine biology, limnology and ecology”

EXECUTIVE BOARD

The CEAB aims are: •

Identification of the biological diversity and understanding their functions and interactions in nature.

Application of this knowledge to the rational use and management of natural resources and the prediction of ecosystem responses to environmental changes.

Work with a wide range of environmental studies and approaches, from biochemical and genetic composition to dynamics of populations and ecosystems. Development of a creative and technically sound research with solid conceptual backgrounds on marine and freshwater biology and ecology.

Emilio O. Casamayor Director CSIC Professor

Teresa Alcoverro Deputy Director Tenured Scientist

Frederic Bartumeus Head of Continental Ecology Department ICREA Research Professor

Dani Martin Head of Marine Ecology Department Tenured Scientist

Sergio Valencia Head of Administration Manager

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Emilio O. Casamayor Director

During 2019 different CEAB teams have had high visibility in relevant international activities (COST Action European sentinel centres for Invasive Mosquitoes, COP25 Actions for Climate, FAO meeting on deep-sea fisheries and conservation of biodiversity in the deep ocean, European Parliament special session on Blue Carbon) and in leading international journals mostly on marine topics (several Nature Communications papers on Blue Carbon habitats loss, inorganic carbon burial rates in seagrass meadows, and unveiled reversal trend for declining of seagrass in Europe, and a paper in Nature Climate Change on coral bleaching). In addition, we have been appointed by one of the leading international companies in lithium mining from Salar de Atacama (Chile) for an external and independent environmental impact assessment. During 2019 we have potentiated key research infrastructures (improved analytic chemistry service and otholith research lab, new equipment for the in the Urban River Lab facility. Our publishing rate in top journals (Q1) is maintained as well as our widespread internationalization and scientific collaboration. We have been also very active in outreach activities, and mentoring and activities for students. CEAB has also been very active in Citizen Science programmes and in promoting the role of women scientists in research. We believe in an inclusive and collaborative science, that is, high quality science for and with society, also working to improve outreach activities and promote knowledge dissemination, addressing the most pressing environmental issues. Several performance indicators show that we are consistently progressing to reach these goals.

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CEAB Staff: 143 Men: 75 (52%) Women: 67 (48%)

Women Men

Age range

20-29

30-39

40-49

50-59

60-70

Researchers and ICREA Research Professors (24) Associate Doctors (2) Administrative and IT Staff (13) Research Technicians - Staff (17) Research Technicians – Support (20) Post-doctoral Researchers (8) Pre-doctoral Researchers (20) Visiting Students & Scientists (38)

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ORGANIZATION CHART

SEM: Scanning Electronic Microscopy LEOV: Laboratory for Experimentation with Live Organisms URL: Urban River Lab CBLAB: Computational Biology Lab LTER-AT: Long Term Ecological Research-Aigüestortes CBO: Coastal Benthic Observatory OTOLAB: Otolith Research Lab

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Global and Climate Change: Diagnosis and prognosis of global change effects on aquatic systems, species invasions and dispersal patterns, loss of natural habitats, and changes in the distribution and abundance of species.

Conservation and Management of Aquatic Ecosystems: Applied knowledge for the rational management of natural resources and the improvement and conservation of aquatic ecosystems.

Theory and Computation in Ecology and Evolution: Use of mathematical and computational techniques as essential tools to provide conceptual advances and to understand Ecology and Biodiversity.

Functional and Integrative Aquatic Ecology: Understand how organisms relate to each other and understand their functions and interactions in nature, from genes to communities combining fieldwork, empirical studies, and meta-analysis.

Aquatic Biodiversity: Identify the diversity of organisms, taxonomic characteristics and phylogenetic relationships, and describe new biological species with environmental surveys and naturalistic observations worldwide.

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53 Active Research Projects 66% Competitive Research Grants 34% Non-Competitive Grants 5 External Collaboration Projects EXTERNAL FUNDING 2019 SCIENTIFIC BUDGET Competitive projects: 1.688.362,29 €.

Non-competitive projects: 334.858,72 €

ACTIVE RESEARCH PROJECTS:TOTAL FUNDING Competitive projects: 7.387.962,35 €.

Non-competitive projects: 511.957,54€

European projects (11) National projects (17) CSIC projects (7) Private contracts and agreements (12) Public contracts and agreements (6)

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SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTION Scientific Articles

Books

Book Chapters

PhD Thesis

Master Thesis

2019

114

3

18

3

6

2016 2018

111 119

10

19 8

67

89

2017

112

1

11

6

4

2016

119

0

19

7

9

2015

93

3

7

8

20

2014

104

2

4

3

11

EU RESEARCH PROJECTS

PAPERS IN INTERNATIONAL JOURNALS

6

NO SCI 4

Q1 = 69

2

H2020

LIFE

3

Q4 = 2

Q2 = 33

INTERREG

Q3 = 6

CEAB OUTREACH ACTIVITIES Visitors and participants

Total articles: 114

APPEARANCES IN MASS MEDIA Students

377

2019

373

2018 2017

2019

4143

28%

2018

2360

48%

2017

8265

15%

294

20152016

25098815

50% 30%

208

2016

2015

2509

30%

72

2015

11


CEAB co-authorsip network of scientific collaborations from papers published in 2019

12 12


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RELEVANT ACTIVITIES THE CEAB PARTICIPATED IN A EUROPEAN NETWORK AGAINST INVASIVE MOSQUITOES Dr Frederic Bartumeus, ICREA researcher at CEAB-CSIC and director of Mosquito Alert, took part in an international workshop on the coordination of surveillance systems in Europe, where they were working on a new network of European sentinel centres (COST Action AIM-Aedes Invasive Mosquitoes program). The main aim was combating the spread of invasive mosquitoes of the species of Aedes and the diseases they can transmit, such as dengue, zica and chikungunya.

surveillance programs of invasive species. Participants addressed the problems caused by these species, as well as the available tools to combat them, including the Mosquito Alert citizen science program.

COST AIM brought together experts in entomology, epidemiology, ecology and public health to develop coordinated

DR RAFAEL SARDÁ (CEAB-CSIC) PARTICIPATED IN COP25 (CEOE) - “BUSINESS ACTION FOR THE CLIMATE”, MADRID. Dr Sardá participated last Friday in an event of the green pavilion of the COP25 (CEOE) - “Business Action for the Climate”, with a speech on deepening the critical but hopeful gaze expressed in a recent article published on ESADE’s Do Better platform. Dr Sardá showed Climate Change as an already visible reality implying three basic aspects of the change: 1) Global (there is no place on the planet where it is not observed), 2) Persistent (it has come to stay and will accompany us for decades), and 3) Uncertainty (it generates a lot of doubts, as we have never experienced anything like it before). Dr Sardá insisted in the fact that, if we do not act to remedy it, we

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can put humanity close to collapsing. In turn, if we act, we can build a new and better future. The main conclusion is that Climate Change will expose us to great risks, but will also gave us the opportunity to establish a global social collaboration network searching for common goals and this must also be perceived as an intrinsic value in itself.


//ANNUAL REPORT 2016// MANUEL MALDONADO (CEAB-CSIC) PARTICIPATED AS INVITED EXPERT IN A CONFERENCE ORGANIZED AT THE FAO-UN HEADQUARTERS IN ROME. The MEETING intended to share the latest knowledge on the sustainability of deep-sea fisheries and the conservation of biodiversity in the deep ocean, with the aim of sharing the latest knowledge on these two topics with particular emphasis in marine areas outside the coastal jurisdictions (known as ABNJ = Areas Beyond National Jurisdistion).

Dr Maldonado presented his work as a leader of the “Ecosystem function, services and good” group within the European Project H2020 “Sponges Deep-sea Sponge Grounds Ecosystems of the North Atlantic: an integrated approach towards their preservation and sustainable exploitation.”

ON OCTOBER 3 AND 4, 2019, THE CEAB ORGANIZED THE 1ST ΣPHD ECOLOGICAL SYMPOSIUM This symposium aimed to bring together doctoral students from any ecological discipline. It offered a great opportunity to doctoral students from a Catalan research centres to share experiences on their work on ecology, but also on their oral presentation

skills. The symposium also offered space for contacting and socializing with other students and senior researchers.

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BLUE CARBON ECOSYSTEMS MAKE THEIR WAY TO THE ANDALUSIAN CLIMATE LAW AND SPEAK OUT IN THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT

In 15 January 2019, the new “Andalusian Law for the Climate: Measures for the mitigation of the global change and for a transition to a new energetic model”, entered into force. Based on the first regional-wide Blue Carbon inventories estimated by the Group of Aquatic Macrophyte Ecology of the CEAB, the EU project LIFE Blue Natura (LIFE14CCM/ES/000957) has accomplished an unprecedented milestone by bringing science to the Andalusian Parliament and to the Andalusian laws. For the first time in Europe, the CO2 equivalents stored by the coastal vegetation, saltmarshes and seagrass meadows, are susceptible for carbon credit trading through emission compensation projects. In the Article 37, item 2, the Law establishes: “It will be considered carbon emissions offset projects, all those dealing with the aforestation, reforestation, restoration, and conservation of the extant forests and wooded lands, and littoral ecosystems, those dealing with the conservation or restoration of wetlands, seagrass meadows and analogous areas ...” The Law therefore opens the possibility, for the first time, for any company to compensate its CO2 emissions by conducting actions leading to the promotion or the conservation of the saltmarshes and seagrass meadows of Andalusia. The project LIFE Blue Natura is

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coming to an end in 2020, and has already developed most of the instruments required to bring the CO2 stored by these ecosystems to the voluntary carbon markets. This milestone did not go unnoticed by the European Parliament who organized a special session on Blue Carbon to discuss the results of the EU project LIFE Blue Natura. These were the conclusions published by the two Members of the EU Parliament hosting the event: “Destroying BC ecosystems contributes to the release of CO2 they absorbed for years or centuries. Although the role of Blue Carbon ecosystems is well recognized by scientists, a gap analysis is needed to identify research and financial needs, as well as to identify priorities and the way to transfer knowledge across sectors. With reference to the latter, the LIFE Blue Natura project serves as an example to examine the missing knowledge, moreover as a pilot to transfer the experience to the wider region”. This achievement will strongly benefit the better conservation of our coastal ecosystems, their capacity of capturing and storing the excess of atmospheric CO2 and the multiple other invaluable ecosystem services they provide.


FIRST HANDS-ON INTERNATIONAL COURSE ON BLUE CARBON

From the 28th to the 30th of October 2019, the Group pf Aquatic Macrophyte Ecology (GAME) of the Centre for Advanced Studies of Blanes, organized a hands-on course for the estimation of organic carbon stocks and fluxes associated to the sinks formed by vegetated coastal ecosystems known as Blue Carbon: mangrove forests, saltmarshes and seagrass meadows. The course focused on the necessary technical knowledge to estimate the size and rate of growth of the carbon sink associated to blue carbon ecosystems, including (i) sampling design, (ii) field works, (iii) laboratory works, and (iv) numerical procedures. Attention was also paid to how the organic carbon stocks captured by blue carbon ecosystems can be utilized to promote conservation and restoration of coastal ecosystems through conservation projects that can be monetized in the voluntary carbon markets.

The course resulted in a success beyond expectations, and was ‘sold out’ in 3 days after opening the call highlighting course was needed and timely. It was blessed with the attendance of 19 participants from all over the world: Canada, Croatia, France, Germany, Indonesia, Italy, Kenya, Japan, The Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Tanzania, and Tunisia (see annex). The profile of these attendees was quite diverse, including government responsibles, NGOs (United Nations), hydraulic engineers, biologists, PhD students, postdocs, early career scientists, professors, as well as senior scientists. They all credited a high interest in learning the Blue Carbon techniques for implementation in their laboratories, strategies or careers. This initiative was sponsored by the EU project Life Blue Natura (LIFE14CCM/ES/000957).

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PUBLICATIONS IN HIGH-IMPACT JOURNALS BLUE CARBON HABITATS LOSS IN AUSTRALIA COULD REPRESENT UP TO 21% OF THE CO2 EMISSIONS FROM LAND USE CHANGE Nature Communications 10(1-2) : 4313. Australia holds the largest extensions of seagrasses in the entire world and presents also a wealth of tidal marshes and mangrove forests. During the last decade it has been shown that these ecosystems, also known as Blue Carbon, can help in ameliorating the global warming by retaining vast amounts of organic carbon they have been accumulating over hundreds to thousands of years. In this study, Dr. Oscar Serrano from the Group of Aquatic Macrophyte Ecology, leads the largest effort ever made to inventory the stocks and fluxes of

CO2 equivalents from the atmosphere to these natural biospheric carbon sinks. It has been found that all three members of the Blue Carbon store up to 11% of all the carbon stored in the world’s coastal vegetated ecosystems. A potential CO2 release back to the atmosphere due to current VCE losses are estimated at 2.1–3.1 Tg CO2-e yr-1. It is strongly advised that this large amount should be protected through carbon offset projects to redound in the conservation of the ecosystems at the time the resource is monetized in the carbon markets.

CALCIFICATION IN SEAGRASS MEADOWS CAN CONTRIBUTE TO BUFFER SEA-LEVEL RISE WITHOUT UNDERMINING THEIR ROLE AS CO2 SINKS Nature Communications 10 : 1106 Calcium carbonates (CaCO3) often accumulate in mangrove and seagrass sediments. As CaCO3 production emits CO2, there is concern that this may partially offset the role of Blue Carbon ecosystems as CO2 sinks through the burial of organic carbon (Corg). In this world-wide study, Dr. Oscar Serrano, Prof. Paul Lavery, and Dr. Miguel A. Mateo, from the Group of Aquatic Macrophyte Ecology, contribute to a global collection of data on inorganic carbon burial rates (Cinorg, 12% of CaCO3 mass) that revealed global rates of 0.8 Tg Cinorg yr−1 and 15–62 Tg Cinorg yr−1 in mangrove and seagrass ecosystems, respectively. In seagrasses, CaCO3 burial may correspond to an offset of 30% of the net CO2 sequestration.

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However, a mass balance assessment highlighted that the Cinorg burial is mainly supported by inputs from adjacent ecosystems rather than by local calcification, and that Blue Carbon ecosystems are sites of net CaCO3 dissolution. Hence, CaCO3 burial in Blue Carbon ecosystems contribute to seabed elevation and therefore buffers sea-level rise, without undermining their role as CO2 sinks.


RECENT TREND MEADOWS

REVERSAL

FOR

//ANNUAL REPORT SEAGRASS 2016// DECLINING EUROPEAN

Nature Communications 10 : 3356 Marine angiosperm meadows are globally threatened. In this paper we collect assessments of changes from 1869 to 2016 in Europe to show that 1/3 of the meadow area has been lost, with maximum losses in the 1970s and 1980s. Since then, loss rates have decreased substantially for all species. Our results show that the decline is not the generalized state and that trends’ slowdown and reversal are possible, together with the recovery of the services they provide.

TEMPERATURE PATTERNS AND MECHANISMS INFLUENCING CORAL BLEACHING DURING THE 2016 EL NIÑO Nature Climate Change 9 : 845-851 This study analyses coral bleaching globally and reveals that maximum temperature is not the only one responsible. Bleaching causes are much more complex than previously thought, with a number of mechanisms involved including local stressors, which determine the regional response. Management actions to alleviate these episodes must therefore be applied at the local level.

SOCIAL–ENVIRONMENTAL DRIVERS INFORM STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT OF CORAL REEFS IN THE ANTHROPOCENE Nature Ecology and Evolution 3 : 1341-1350 We evaluate the effect of multiple environmental, climatic and social factors on the composition of tropical coral communities.We also identify three coral reef management strategies based on their health status, distinguishing those in good conditions, with high coral coverage (17%), those that need to reduce pressure to improve (50%) and, finally those very degraded where an extreme of reduction of pressures is required (28%).

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LABORATORY SERVICES & FACILITIES These services are available to all CSIC researchers, as well as to external researchers from public research centers and private corporations.

EXPERIMENTAL PLATFORMS

LABORATORY FOR EXPERIMENTATION WITH LIVE ORGANISMS The LEOV is an aquarium-lab designed for the experimentation with live organisms in an aquatic environment of either fresh or sea water. The seawater circuit can be used in a continuous or a recycling way and it has a heat interchanging system allowing water heating or cooling ranging from 14ºC to 25ºC. The LEOV facilities also include two high-performance tracking platforms to generate big behavioural and large-scale movement data based on postural images and centroid-based highresolution tracks of small-bodied organisms.

2 0 20 20 20 20

URBAN RIVER LAB The URL is an experimental outdoor facility addressed to study the effects of urban activity on streams and rivers aiming to develop innovative tools and strategies to mitigate point source impact and to achieve a more efficient and sustainable management of freshwater ecosystems and resources. The URL consist of 15 flumes and 12 wetlands designed for experimental studies, fed by the effluent of a wastewater treatment plant in Montornès del Vallès.


ANALYTICAL AND COMPUTATIONAL FACILITIES

NUTRIENT ANALYSIS ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY The nutrient analysis equipped The nutrient analysisservice serviceis is equipped with aa Continuous to to with ContinuousFlow FlowAutoanalyser Autoanalyser determine determine the the concentration concentrationofofdissolved dissolved inorganic inorganic nutrients, nutrients,total totalphosphorus phosphorusand and several reactive reactive nitrogen nitrogen compounds. compounds. several Applications: Applications: Control of phytoplankton and of biomass • production Control of phytoplankton and Analysis of environmental production of biomass pollution in • waters Analysis of environmental pollution in Temporal waters estimation of trophic levels fish productivity • and Temporal estimation of trophic levels Analysis waste water treatment and fish of productivity plants effluents • Analysis of waste water treatment plants effluents PIGMENTS ANALYSIS PIGMENT ANALYSIS The UHPLC service is mainly used for the analyses of liposoluble organic pigments present in water samples, biofilms and sediments. Applications: • • •

Studies of seasonal phytoplankton dynamics Taxonomic characterization of phytoplankton and biofilm communities Paleoecology studies

SCANNING ELECTRONIC MICROSCOPY The electronic microscopy service is available for the observation of samples with the Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and for energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis (EDS). Applications: • • • • • •

Structure and ultrastructure of animal and plant tissues and organs Forensic studies (search of particles, tissues, threads, semen…) Identification of minerals, synthetic substances, antibiotics, etc. Studies in metal and alloys corrosion Biodeterioration of artworks Rock and mineral texture

COMPUTATIONAL BIOLOGY LAB High Performance Computational Cluster (Cluster CAR) Applications: • Bioinformatics and molecular ecology • Spatial ecology • Theoretical and computational ecology • Data mining and KDD (Knowledge Discovery in Databases) • Data and image banks • Training

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MOLECULAR AND GENETIC ECOLOGY LABORATORY The Molecular and Genetic Ecology Lab provides support to those projects concerning taxonomy, biodiversity, ecology and evolution of aquatic organisms that require the use of DNA-based molecular techniques. These techniques extend from the amplification and sequencing of DNA for biodiversity and phylogenetics studies, up to cloning, metabacording, genomics, metagenomics and proteomics.

OTOLITH RESEARCH LAB The analysis of growth structures, such as otholits, offers the possibility to estimate the age and growth rates in diverse organisms and organic structures. Applications: Fish vertebrae, scales and otoliths Cephalopod statoliths Bivalve valves Coral skeletons Polychaete jaws Cricket exoskeletons Turtle shields Echinoderm skeletons

OBSERVATIONAL PLATFORMS

HIGH MOUNTAINS OBSERVATORY The Long Term Ecological Research site AigĂźestortes is an observational facility located in the Central Pyrenees, within the AigĂźestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici National Park. It comprises a field station and several monitored catchments. The research sites are equipped with automatic weather stations, discharge gauge stations and lake and stream water temperature loggers. A network of sampling stations is surveyed to collect chemical and biological samples at different time intervals, from biweekly

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to seasonal. The sampling network consists of eight streams, fourteen lakes and two atmospheric deposition collectors for water chemistry. THE COASTAL BENTHIC OBSERVATORY The Coastal Benthic Observatory carries out an annual evaluation of the Ecological Quality of the Catalan coastal waters using different biological indicators and the evaluation of invasive species effects. Temporal surveys are also carried out in the Medes Islands.


ADDITIONAL SERVICES:

NAUTICAL SERVICE The Nautical Service offers several facilities: Hirondelle: semi-rigid inflatable boat mainly used for scuba diving and small-scale sampling in the coastal area of Blanes. Nesea: semi-rigid inflatable boat mainly used for scuba diving and small-scale sampling in the coastal area of the Medes Islands. 10 additional pneumatic small boats from 3 to 4.5 m in length for coastal sampling and scuba diving.

DIVING STATION The diving facilities integrated in the CEAB building complex, consist of a dressing room, a tank charge facility: an independent room equipped with a 200 bar fixed compressor able to charge 3 tanks simultaneously, two portable compressors, with electrical and fuel engines, respectively, and also diving tanks of different capacities. CONFERENCE ROOMS The CEAB houses a conference room for 160 people which is equipped with projection and sound systems as well as recording facilities. It also houses a fully-equipped meeting and video conferences room and additional rooms adapted for small meetings.

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Missing in the picture:

24

Sergio Valencia (Head of Administration)


//ANNUAL REPORT 2016//

TECHNICIANS

25 25 2525 25


OUR RESEARCH GROU

26 26


UPS

27 27


SOCIAL-ECOLOGICAL SYSTEMS IN COASTAL AND MARINE ENVIRONMENTS

Head of Research Group: Gordoa Ezquerra, Ana

We seek to explore how social-ecological systems work in the coastal and marine environments by developing conceptual and empirical approaches for a better understanding and management and for addressing specific social problems of sustainability We develop scientific research and applications in the frontier between social and natural systems, how they work and interact, how to cope with present and emerging local and global environmental problems and the role, if any, that science and regulations might play on it. The group has a long and successful history in the Coordination of International Cooperation Projects mostly in Namibia. Research topics include social-ecological research, sustainable exploitation of living marine resources, operational oceanography and fisheries (both professional and recreational), and coastal management.

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Missing in the picture:

Blanca Canela (Degree Student)

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PROJECTS Pesca Marítima Recreativa: Acciones de Recuperación y Adquisición de datos Principal Investigator: Ana Gordoa Entity: Proyectos Intramurales Especiales – CSIC Budget: 14.627,83€. Years: 2019 - 2021

Desarrollo del proyecto de investigación de la dinámica temporal del stock reproductor del Atún rojo en el Mediterráneo Occidental Principal Investigator: Ana Gordoa Entity: Balfegó Tuna, SL Budget: 21.327 € Years: 2017 - 2018

Realizar un primer análisis de los principales factores de presión en los ecosistemas marinos y en los servicios de los ecosistemas

Identificació dels serveis Ecosistèmics del Medi Marì a la Costa Brava

Principal Investigator: Rafael Sardá Entity: ONE OCEAN FOUNDATION Budget: 25.000 € Year: 2019

Principal Investigator: Rafael Sardá Entity: Diputació de Girona Budget: 3.000 € Years: 2018 - 2019

SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTION PAPERS Clavel-Henry, Morane; Solé, Jordi; Ahumada-Sempoal, Miguel Ángel; Bahamon, Nixon; Briton, Florence; Rotllant, Guiomar; Company, Joan B. Influence of the summer deep-sea circulations on passive drifts among the submarine canyons in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Ocean Science 15(6): 1745–1759 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/197629 Dedeu, Arnau L.; Boada, Jordi; Gordoa, Ana. The first estimates of species compositions of Spanish marine recreational fishing reveal the activity’s inner and geographical variability. Fisheries Research 216 : 65-73 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/180728 Gordoa, Ana; Dedeu,

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Arnau L.; Boada, Jordi. Recreational fishing in Spain: First national estimates of fisher population size, fishing activity and fisher social profile. Fisheries Research 211 : 1-12 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/172277 Gordoa, Ana; Rouyer, T.; Ortiz, M. Review and update of the French and Spanish purse seine size at catch for the Mediterranean bluefin tuna fisheries 1970-2010. Collective Volume of Scientific Papers- International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas 75(6) : 1622-1633 (2019). https://digital. csic.es/handle/10261/200871


Quarterly variability of floating plastic debris in the marine protected area of the Menorca Channel (Spain) Ruiz-Orejón, Luis F. ; Mourre, Baptiste; Sardá, Rafael ; Tintoré, Joaquín; Ramis-Pujol, Juan Environmental Pollution 252 : 1742-1754 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/186506 Abstract Plastic pollution is widespread in all the oceans and seas, representing a significant threat to most of their ecosystems even in marine protected areas (MPAs).This study

determines the floating plastic distribution in four different periods between 2014 and 2015 in the recently approved Menorca Channel MPA (Balearic Islands). Plastic debris were persistent during all sampling periods on the surface of the Channel, composed mainly by the microplastic sizes. Average particle abundances ranged from 138,293 in autumn to 347,793 during the spring, while weight densities varied from 458.15 in winter to 2016.67 in summer. Rigid plastics were the most frequent particles in all the periods analysed (from 89.40%-winter to 94.54%-spring). The high-resolution and particle distribution models corroborated that the oceanographic variability shapes different patterns of presence of plastics, and in particular the existence of areas with almost no plastics.

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Naranjo Ortíz, Andrea Paola; Tobías Jiménez, Francisco Javier; Sardá, Rafael; Gil, João. Producción de poliquetos libres de enfermedades para su uso como alimento vivo en la industria camaronera de Ecuador. Prospección, localización, captura e identificación de poliquetos autóctonos. Aquacultura 128 : 44-48 (2019). https://digital. csic.es/handle/10261/180752 Ruiz-Orejón, Luis F.; Mourre, Baptiste; Sardá, Rafael; Tintoré, Joaquín; RamisPujol, Juan. Quarterly variability of floating plastic debris in the marine protected area of the Menorca Channel (Spain). Environmental Pollution 252 : 1742-1754 (2019). https:// digital.csic.es/handle/10261/186506

Tintoré, Joaquín; Pinardi, Nadia; Álvarez-Fanjul, Enrique; Aguiar, Eva; Ruiz-Orejón, Luis Francisco; Sardá, Rafael et al. Challenges for Sustained Observing and Forecasting Systems in the Mediterranean Sea. Frontiers in Marine Science 6 : 568 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/191490 Totaro, L.; Fumagalli, F.; Daminelli, R.; Santicoli, C.; Perin, G.; De Silvio, G.; Perrini, F.; Pogutz, S.; Romito, S.; Saputo A. ; Sardá, R. Business for Ocean Sustainability. One Ocean Foundation Report, 82pp (2019) https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/208589

Sagristà, Enric; Sardá, Rafael; Serra, J. Consecuéncias a Largo Plazo de la Gestión Desintegrada en Zonas Costeras: el Caso del Delta de la Tordera (Cataluña, España). Costas 1(1) : 1-22 (2019). https://digital.csic. es/handle/10261/197806

CONGRESSES & CONFERENCES Aguzzi, J.; Company, J. B.; Navarro, J.; Bahamon, N.; Rotllant, G.; Garcia, J. A.; del Rio, J.; Gomariz, S.; Masmitja, I.; Fanelli, E.; Marini, S.; Lordan, C.; Doyle, J.; Chumbinho, R. New monitoring technologies to produce ancillary data on Nephrops stock assessment. “ICES, 2018. Report of the Working Group on Nephrops Surveys (WGNEPS)”. 06/11/2019. France. ORAL Avila, C.; Gil, J.; Sarda, R. Living in an alga: a preliminary comparison of organisms to shallow-water red algae from Antartica and the Mediterranean. World Congress of Malacology 2019. 11/08/2019. United States. POSTER

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Avila, C.; Gil, J.; Sarda, R. Living in a sponge: a preliminary study of the fauna associated to the Antartic sponge Kirkpatrickia variolosa. World Congress of Malacology 2019. 11/08/2019. United States. ORAL Avila, C.; Gil, J.; Sarda, R. Living in a sponge: a preliminary study of the fauna associated to the Antartic sponge Kirkpatrickia variolosa. Long Beach (CA-USA). XIII IPC. 04/08/2019. United States. POSTER Avila, C; Gil, J.; Sardá, R. Living in an alga: a preliminary comparison of organisms to shallow-water red algae from Antartica and the Mediterranean. Long Beach (CA-USA). XIII IPC. 04/08/2019. United States. POSTER


Bahamon, N.; Aguzzi, J.; AhumadaSempoal, M. A.; Company, J. B.; Reuschel, Ch.; Peters, F.; Bernardello, R.; Navarro, J.; Velásquez, Z.; Cruzado, A. Stepped water warming effects on coastal ecosystem dynamics as monitored from fixed mooring stations in NW Mediterranean Sea. IMEKO TC-19 International Workshop on Metrology for the Sea. 03/10/2019. Italy . ORAL Gordoa, Ana. Invited Expert on Farm and Market Analysis. 24th Meeting of the Scientific Committee of the Commission for The Conservation of Southern Bluefin tuna (CCSBT). 02/09/2019. South Africa. ORAL. INVITED TALK Gordoa, Ana. Miembro de la Delegación Europea. 27th Regular Meeting of the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas ICCAT. Palma de Mallorca. 18/11/2019. Spain. Gordoa, Ana. The Importance of the Analysis of Longline Fishing for the Assessment: Basis for including Longline Fishing in the Assessment. Workshop on longline Fishing. 25/03/2019. Namibia

Sardá, Rafael. Business In Nature: Embedding Ecology in Corporate Sustainability Goals Marine Biological Laboratory. Summer Seminar series. 20/08/2019. United States. ORAL INVITED TALK Sardá, Rafael. Corporate Sustainability in the 21st Century: increasing the resilience of social-ecological systems. World Economy 2019 Learning from the Past and Designing the Future. 09/05/2019. Poland. POSTER Sardá, Rafael. Corporate Sustainability in the 21st Century: increasing the resilience of social-ecological systems. GSOM Emerging Markets Conference 2019. 04/10/2019. Russian Federation. ORAL INVITED TALK Sardá, Rafael. Corporate Sustainability in the 21st Century: increasing the resilience of social-ecological systems. 6th European Family Business Summit. 29/11/2019. Spain. ORAL INVITED TALK Sardá, Rafael. Embedding Marine Ecology in Sustainable Development Goals. 15th European Ecology Federation Conference. 19/11/2019. Spain. ORAL INVITED TALK

Vicioso Casañal, Maria; Agell Llobet, Gemma; Puig Requejo, Cristina; RuizOrejón, Luis Francisco. Observadores del Mar. Microplastic Watchers: ciencia ciudadana ante retos medioambientales marinos. VII Congreso de Comunicación Social de la Ciencia. 10/10/2019. Spain. POSTER Pastor, M.; Carreton, M.; Gili, J. M.; Sabates, A.; Bahamon, N.; Company, J.; Canepa, A. Pelagia nocticula ephyrae from NW Mediterranean Sea: where are they before becoming medusae? 6th International Jellyfish Blooms Symposium. Cape Town, South Africa. 04/11/2019. South Africa. ORAL

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BOOKS Sardá, Rafael; Pogutz, Stefano. Corporate Sustainability in the 21st Century. Increasing the Resilience of Social-Ecological Systems- Routledge / Francis & Taylor Group. 360 pages (2019). https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/174593

BOOK’S CHAPTER Olivares, Alberto. El papel que desempeña la tecnología en la construcción del nuevo modelo energético postcarbono. Actas del II Congreso de la Asociación Iberoamericana de Derecho de la Energía: Regulación de la transición energética, Universidad Externado de Colombia, Bogotá. 588 pp : 565-586 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/204589

Olivares, Alberto. El Derecho a la identidad cultural. Nuevos derechos para una nueva Constitución. Aguilar, G. (Coord.) Tirant lo Blach. Santiago. 288 pp : 175-190 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/204595

MASTER THESES Universitat Ramon Llull (URL). Business education on environmental sustainability: a case study on ESADE Business School. Student: Ninon Ravit. Advisor: Rafael Sardá

DEGREE’S FINAL PROJECT Universidad Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (ULPGC). Analysis of thee volution of the Central Beach of Blanes linked to the enlargement of its port. Student: Blanca Canela, Advisor: Rafael Sardá

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Universitat Ramon Llull (URL). Sustainable Development, Corporate Sustainability and the Sustainable Development Goals. Student: Matteo Mallet. Advisor: Rafael Sardá


INTEGRATIVE FRESHWATER ECOLOGY

//ANNUAL REPORT 2016//

Head of Research Group: Casamayor, Emilio O.

Freshwater ecosystems provide goods and services of critical importance to human societies. However, they are among the most heavily altered ecosystems with an over proportional biodiversity loss. Biogeochemistry of freshwater ecosystems is closely linked to terrestrial, atmospheric, and climatic perturbations, and responds specially to the effects of global change. We address the interactions between abiotic and biotic factors on different levels of organization qualitatively and quantitatively, looking for a more holistic understanding of biodiversity functioning and ecological processes in freshwaters. Our expertise covers from microbes to macrophytes and fish, and freshwater biogeochemical cycling. We use cutting edge analytical interdisciplinary methodologies and carry out observational and experimental research over both long temporal and broad spatial scales.

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Missing in the picture:

366 36 36 36

Berta Fueyo (Hired Technician). JoaquĂ­n Cochero (External Collaborator). Daniel Montagud


d (PhD Student). Matt Cohen (External Collaborator). Ona Deulofeu (Master Student). Jongmo Suh (PhD Student).

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PROJECTS CANTERA. Influencia del régimen hidrológico en los ciclos del carbono y nitrógeno en la interfase rio-ribera Principal Investigator: S. Bernal Entity: MINECO Budget: 102.850,00€. Years: 2019-2021

ECO-REACTOR. El papel biorreactivo del bosque de Ribera y de los arroyos intermitentes en la mitigación los impactos del efluente de las plantas depuradoras urbanas Principal Investigator: E. Gacia Entity: MINECO Budget: 122.210,00€. Years: 2019-2021

Consortium for the investigation of the dynamics of plastic particles in fluvial systems Principal Investigator: H. Guasch Entity: Proyecto investigación CSIC (Programa i-Link+) Budget: 206.282,70€. Years: 2019-2020

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TRANSFER-C. Claus per a entendre la transferència de les fluctuacions atmosfèriques a la dinàmica del plàncton lacustre: processos a la conca Principal Investigator: Ll. Camarero Entity: MINECO Budget: 177.870 € Years: 2016-2019 PLASTICOPYR. Estrategias para la reducción de la contaminación por plásticos y la mejora de la calidad ecológica y servicios medioambientales en los ríos de montaña Principal Investigator: H. Guasch Entity: Interreg POCTEFA_UE Budget: 90.187,00€. Years: 2019-2022

INTERACTOMA. Aproximación ecológica y metagenómica a las interacciones biológicas del microbioma ambiental Principal Investigator: E. O. Casamayor Entity: MINECO Budget: 171.820,00€. Years: 2019-2021

HI-REQ. Smart high-frequency environmental sensor networks for quantifying nonlinear hydrological process dynamics across spatial scales

FUNBIO. Cascadas tróficas como generadoras de cambios en la biodiversidad, funciones del ecosistema y procesos evolutivos en lagos de alta montaña

Principal Investigator: E. Martí Entity: Entity: European Union (H2020) Budget: 180.000 € Years: 2016-2020

Principal Investigator: M. Ventura Entity: MINECO Budget: 154.880,00€. Years: 2019-2021


DYNBIO. Dinàmica de la biodiversitat en muntanya. Xarxa de seguiments d’espècies i hàbitats, per avaluar els efectes del canvi global Principal Investigator: E. O. Casamayor Entity: OAPN Budget: 6.500 € Years: 2016-2019

Recolección, análisis de muestras y de datos biológicos y geoquímicos y comunicación científica a través de los Servicios científicotécnicos del CEAB Principal Investigator: E. O. Casamayor Entity: Proyectos Intramurales Especiales – CSIC Budget: 167.586 € Years: 2017-2020

REPLIM. Red de observatorios de ecosistemas sensibles (lagos, turberas) al cambio climático en el Pirineo. Principal Investigator: Ll. Camarero Entity: Interreg_Unión Europea Budget: 47.594,00€. Years: 2016-2019

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BIOOCULT. Ecosistemas acuáticos de alta montaña: refugio de biodiversidad oculta y centinelas del cambio global. Principal Investigators: M.Ventura Entity: OAPN Budget: 95.991,65€. Years: 2019-2022

Index Biològic BMWPC 2016. Principal Investigator: M. A. Puig Entity: Nestlé Waters España, S. A. Budget: 1.714,00€. Years: 2019-2020

LIMNOPIRINEUS. Restoration of lentic habitats and aquatic species of Community interest in high mountains of Pyrenees. Principal Investigator: M. Ventura Entity: European Union (Life+) Budget: 1.443.880 € Years: 2014-2019

ELTER. European Long-Term Ecosystem and socio-ecological Research Infraestructure

Efectos del estrés múltiple sobre el biofilm fluvial

Principal Investigator: E. Gacia Entity: H2020-Unión Europea Budget: 16.632,50€. Years: 2015-2019

Principal Investigator: H. Guasch Entity: Proyectos Intramurales Especiales-CSIC Budget: 5.000,00€. Years: 2018-2019

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BRIDGES. Conectando la ecología microbiana empírica con las teorías de organización de la biodiversidad en el espacio y en el tiempo Principal Investigator: E. O. Casamayor & D. Alonso Entity: MINECO Budget: 176.660,00€. Years: 2016-2019

Estudi i avaluació de la formació de geosmina a la conca alta del riu Ter Principal Investigator: H. Guasch Entity: Universitat de Vic Budget: 1.119,00 € Year: 2019

Analysis of the otoliths of coryphaena hippurus to determine age in days and provide second reading for quality control of the samples analysed following the timeline below Principal Investigator: E. O. Casamayor Entity: AQUABIO TECH LIMITED Budget: 9.830,00€. Years: 2019-2021

Contractacio dels treballs de projecte green (POCFETA)accion 6 1 protegir i millorar la qualitat dels ecosistemes lacustres dels pirineus dins del Parc Nacional d’Aigüestortes i estany de Sant Maurici. Principal Investigator: M.Ventura Entity: Generalitat de Ctalunya Budget: 13.299,99€. Year: 2019

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MONOCLE. Multiscale Observation Networks for Optical monitoring of Coastal waters, Lakes and Estuaries Principal Investigators: M.Ventura Entity: H2020_Unión Europea Budget: 214.651,12€. Years: 2018-2021

Analysis of the otoliths of Mullus barbatus, Mullus surmuletus and Merluccius merluccius on photography to determine age in years Principal Investigator: E. O. Casamayor Entity: AQUABIO TECH LIMITED Budget: 8.517,00€. Years: 2019-2020

Trabajos de evaluación ecológica y medioambiental de sistemas sensibles ambientalmente en el Salar de Atacama Principal Investigator: E. O. Casamayor Entity: SQM SALAR S.A. Budget: 101.978,00€ Years: 2019-2020

El objeto del contrato es el de analizar la composicion genetica de la trucha comun utilizando 16 marcadores geneticos (microsatelites, 2 multiplex) Principal Investigator: M.Ventura Entity: Universitat de Lleida Budget: 14.456,60€ Year: 2019


Trabajos de evaluación ecológica y medioambiental de sistemas sensibles ambientalmente en el Salar de Atacama Principal Investigator: M.Ventura Entity: SQM SALAR S.A Budget: 166.864,00€. Years: 2019-2020

The development of the technical support project entitled “RSNZ MARSDEN grant “born at the right time”. Research trust of Victoria University of Wellington Principal Investigator: E. O. Casamayor Entity: Victoria University of Wellington Budget: 18.627€. Years: 2018-2019

Estudio ecológico de la Riera del Callar Principal Investigator: H. Guasch Entity: APATURA IRIS SLU Budget: 14.769,26€ Years: 2018-2019

Extracció del ADN y control de calidad, amplificación y seqüenciació de 24 microsatélites, elaboración de los datos del secuenciador y generación de la tabla de resultados Principal Investigator: M.Ventura Entity: GESNA ESTUDIS AMBIENTALS, SL. Budget: 4.235€. Years: 2018-2019

Seguimiento biológico de la Riera de Rimentol, mediante el índice biológico de la calidad BMWPC y IBMWP (según criterios del ACA) que recibe el afluente de la planta de tratamiento de aguas de su empresa en Gurb Principal Investigator: M. A. Puig Entity: GRUPO LECHE PASCUAL, Budget: 1.815,00€ Years: 2018-2019

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SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTION PAPERS Abril, Meritxell; Bastias, Elliot; Von Schiller, D.; Martí, Eugènia; Menéndez, Margarita; Muñoz, Isabel. Uptake and trophic transfer of nitrogen and carbon in a temperate forested headwater stream. Aquatic Sciences 81 : 75 (2019) https://digital. csic.es/handle/10261/192018 Altuna, Maddi; Martí, Eugènia; Sabater, Francesc; Díez Bueno, José Ramón; Riera, Joan L.; Izco, Félix; Elosegui, Arturo. Incorporating In-Stream Nutrient Uptake into River Management: Gipuzkoa Rivers (Basque Country, North Spain) as a Case Study. Sustainability 11 : 2692 (2019) https://digital. csic.es/handle/10261/181463 Arcea, María Isabel; Mendoza-Lera, C.; Almagro, María; Catalán, Núria; Romaní, Anna; Martí, Eugènia; Gómez, Rosa; Bernal, Susana; Foulquier, Arnaud; Mutz, Michael; Marcé, Rafael; Zoppini, Annamaria; Gionchetta, Giulia; Weigelhofer, Gabriele; del Campo, Rubén; Robinson, Christopher T.; Gilmer, Alan; Rulik, Martin; Obrador, Biel; Shumilova, Oleksandra; Zlatanović, Sanja; Arnon, Shai; Baldrian, Petr; Singer, Gabriel; Datry, Thibault; Skoulikidis, Nikos; Tietjen, Britta; Von Schiller, D. A conceptual framework for understanding the biogeochemistry of dry riverbeds through the lens of soil science. Earth-Science Reviews 188 : 441-453 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/173698 Bernal, Susana; Lupon, Anna; Wolheim, W.; Sabater, Francesc; Poblador, Sílvia; Martí, Eugènia. Supply, Demand, and InStream Retention of Dissolved Organic Carbon and Nitrate During Storms in Mediterranean

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Forested Headwater Streams. Frontiers in Environmental Sciences 7 : 60 (2019) https:// digital.csic.es/handle/10261/182397 Bruelheide, Helge; Pérez-Haase, Aaron; et al. sPlot – A new tool for global vegetation analyses. Journal of Vegetation Science 30 : 161186 (2019) https://doi.org/10.1111/jvs.12710 Buchaca, Teresa; Kosten, Sarian; Lacerot, Gisell; Mazzeo, Nestor; Kruk, Carla; Huszar,Vera L. M.; Lotter, A. F.; Jeppesen, Erik. Pigments in surface sediments of South American shallow lakes as an integrative proxy for primary producers and their drivers. Freshwater Biology 64(8) : 1437-1452 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/182593 Colomer, Joana; Pérez-Haase, A.; Carrillo, Empar; Ventura, Marc; Ninot, Josep M. Fine-scale vegetation mosaics in Pyrenean mires are driven by complex hydrological regimes and threatened by extreme weather events. Ecohydrology 2019 : e2070 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/174090 Curcoll, Roger; Camarero, Lluís; Bacardit, Montserrat; Àgueda, A.; Grossi, Claudia; Gacia, Esperança; Font, Anna; Morguí, J. A. Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide variability at Aigüestortes, Central Pyrenees, Spain. Regional Environmental Change 19(2): 313-324 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/173696 Gacia, Esperança; Bernal, Susana; Nikolakopoulou, Myrto; Carreras, Ester; Morgado, Laura; Ribot, Miquel; Isnard, Manel; Sorolla, Albert; Sabater, Francesc; Martí, Eugènia. The role of helophyte species on nitrogen and phosphorus retention


from wastewater treatment plant effluents. Journal of Environmental Management 252 : 109585 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/192414 Garcés-Pastor, Sandra; Wangensteen, Owen S.; Pérez-Haase, A.; Pèlachs, A.; Pérez-Obiol, Ramon; Cañellas-Boltà, Núria; Mariani, Stefano; Vegas-Vilarrúbia, Teresa. DNA metabarcoding reveals modern and past eukaryotic communities in a high-mountain peat bog system. Journal of Paleolimnology 62(4) : 425-441 (2019) https:// digital.csic.es/handle/10261/193926 Garrabou, Joaquim; Gómez-Gras, D.; Ledoux, J. B.; Linares, Cristina; Bensoussan, Nathaniel; López-Sendino, P.; Bazairi, Hocein; Espinosa, Free; Ramdani, Mohamed; Grimes, Samir; Benabdi, Mouloud; Ben Souissi, Jamila; Soufi, Emna; Khamassi, Faten; Ghanem, Raouia; Ocaña, Óscar; Ramos-Esplá, Alfonso A.; Izquierdo, Andrés; Antón, Irene; Rubio-Portillo, Esther; Barberá, Carmen; Cebrian, Emma; Marbà, Núria; Hendriks, Iris E.; Duarte, Carlos M.; Deudero Company, María de la Salud; Díaz Díaz, David; Vázquez-Luis, Maite; Álvarez, Elvira; Hereu, Bernat; Kersting, D. K.; Gori, Andrea; Viladrich, Nuria; Sartoretto, Stéphane; Pairaud, Ivane Lilian; Ruitton, Sandrine; Pergent, G.; Pergent-Martini, Christine; Rouanet, Elodie; Teixidó, Nuria; Gattuso, JeanPierre; Fraschetti, Simonetta; Rivetti, Irene; Azzurro, Ernesto; Cerrano, Carlo; Ponti, Massimo; Turicchia, Eva; Bavestrello, G.; Cattaneo-Vietti, R.; Bo, Marzia; Bertolino, Marco; Montefalcone, Monica; Chimienti, Giovanni; Grech, Daniele; Rilov, Gil; Tuney Kizilkaya, Inci; Kizilkaya, Zafer; Eda Topçu, N.; Gerovasileiou, Vasilis; Sini, Maria; Bakran-Petricioli, Tatjana; Kipson, Silvija; Harmelin, J. G. Collaborative Database to Track Mass Mortality Events in the Mediterranean Sea. Frontiers in Marine

Science 6: 707 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/197333 Jo, Hyunbin; Jeppesen, Erik; Ventura, Marc ; Buchaca, Teresa; Gim, Jeong-Soo; Yoon, Ju-Duk; Kim, Dong-Hwan; Joo, GeaJae. Responses of fish assemblage structure to large-scale weir construction in riverine ecosystems. Science of the Total Environment 657 : 1334-1342 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/173263 Kelleher, Christa;Ward, Adam S.; Knapp, Julia L. A.; Blaen, P. J.; Kurz, Marie J.; Drummond, Jennifer D.; Zarnetske, Jay P.; Hannah, David M.; Mendoza-Lera, C.; Schmadel, N. M.; Datry, Thibault; Lewandowski, Jörg; Milner, A. M.; Krause, Stefan. Exploring Tracer Information and Model Framework Trade-Offs to Improve Estimation of Stream Transient Storage Processes. Water Resources Research 55(4) : 3481-3501 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/181445 Ledesma, José L. J.; Montori, Albert; Altava-Ortiz, Vicent; Barrera-Escoda, Antonio; Cunillera, Jordi; Ávila, Anna. Future hydrological constraints of the Montseny brook newt (Calotriton arnoldi) under changing climate and vegetation cover. Ecology and Evolution 9(17) : 9736-9747 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/189679 Mendoza-Lera, C.; Ribot, Miquel; Foulquier, Arnaud; Martí, Eugènia; Bonnineau, Chloé; Breil, Pascal; Datry, Thibault. Exploring the role of hydraulic conductivity on the contribution of the hyporheic zone to in-stream nitrogen uptake. Ecohydrology 12(7) : e2139 (2019) https:// digital.csic.es/handle/10261/187223 Menéndez, Mateu; Triadó-Margarit, Xavier; Castañeda del Álamo, Carmen; Herrero Isern, Juan; Casamayor, Emilio O. Microbial composition, potential functional roles and genetic novelty in gypsum-rich and hypersaline soils of Monegros and Gallocanta (Spain). Science of the Total Environment

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A Randomized Trait Community Clustering approach to unveil consistent environmental thresholds in community assembly Triadó-Margarit, Xavier; Capitán, José A.; Menéndez-Serra, Mateu; Ortiz-Álvarez, Rüdiger; Ontiveros,Vicente J.; Casamayor, Emilio O. ; Alonso, David The ISME Journal volume 13, pages 2681– 2689(2019) https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/186490

Abstract Similarities and differences of phenotypes within local co-occurring species hold the key to inferring the contribution of stochastic or deterministic processes in community assembly. Developing both phylogenetic-based and trait-based

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quantitative methods to unravel these processes is a major aim in community ecology. We developed a trait-based approach that: (i) assesses if a community trait clustering pattern is related to increasing environmental constraints along a gradient; and (ii) determines quantitative thresholds for an environmental variable along a gradient to interpret changes in prevailing community assembly drivers.We used a regional set of natural shallow saline ponds covering a wide salinity gradient (0.1–40% w/v). We identify a consistent discrete salinity threshold (ca. 5%) for microbial community assembly drivers. Above 5% salinity a strong environmental filtering prevailed as an assembly force, whereas a combination of biotic and abiotic factors dominated at lower salinities. This method provides a conceptual approach to identify consistent environmental thresholds in community assembly and enables quantitative predictions for the ecological impact of environmental changes.


650 : 343-353 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/169504 Motta, Luciana; Ruggiero, Adriana; de Mendoza, Guillermo; Massaferro, Julieta. The species richness-elevation relationship: global patterns of variation in chironomid richness in mountain lakes. Insect Conservation and Diversity 12(4) : 339-350 (2019) https:// digital.csic.es/handle/10261/175726 Ontiveros, Vicente J.; Capitán, José A.; Arthur, Rohan; Casamayor, Emilio O.; Alonso, David. Colonization and extinction rates estimated from temporal dynamics of ecological communities: The island r package. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 10:1108–1117 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/186472 Palacín, Carlos; Camarero, Lluís; Hallin, Sara; Jones, Christopher M.; Caliz, Joan; Casamayor, Emilio O.; Catalán, Jordi. The DNRA-Denitrification Dichotomy Differentiates Nitrogen Transformation Pathways in Mountain Lake Benthic Habitat. Frontiers in Microbiology 10: 1229 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/186821 Peña-Angulo, Dahis; Nadal-Romero, Estela; González-Hidalgo, José C.; Albaladejo, J.; Andreu Pérez,V.; Bagarello, V.; Barhi, H.; Batalla, Ramón J.; Bernal, Susana; Bienes, Ramón; Campo, Julián; Campo-Bescós, M. A.; Canatario-Duarte, Antonio; Cantón, Yolanda; Casalí, Javier; Castillo, V.; Cerdà, A.; Cheggour, A.; Cid, Patricio; Cortesi, Nicola; Desir, G.; DíazPereira, Elvira; Espigares, T.; Estrany, Joan; Fernández-Raga, María; Ferreira, C. S. S.; Ferro, V.; Gallart, Francesc; Giménez, R.; Gimeno, E.; Gómez, J. A.; Gómez-Gutiérrez, Anna I.; GómezMacpherson, H.; González-Pelayo, Óscar; Hueso-González, P.; Kairis, O.; Karatzas, G. P.; Klotz, S.; Kosmas, C.; Lana-Renault, Noemí; Lasanta, T.; Latrón, J.; Lázaro, Roberto; Le Bissonnais, Y.; Le Bouteiller,

C.; Licciardello, Feliciana; LópezTarazón, José A.; Lucía, Ana; Marín, C.; Marqués, M. J.; Martínez-Fernández, J.; Martínez-Mena, M.; Martínez-Murillo, Juan F.; Mateos, Luciano; Mathys, N.; Merino-Martín, L.; Moreno-de-las-Heras, Mariano; Moustakas, N.; Nicolau, J. M.; Novara, A.; Pampalone, V.; Raclot, D.; Rodríguez-Blanco, M. Luz; RodrigoComino, J.; Romero-Díaz, A.; Roose, E.; Rubio, José Luis; Ruiz-Sinoga, J. D.; Schnabel, Susanne; Senciales-González, J. M.; Simonneaux, V.; Solé-Benet, Albert; Taguas, E. V.; Taboada-Castro, M. Mercedes; Taboada-Castro, M. Teresa; Todisco, F.; Úbeda, Xavier; Varouchakis, E. A.; Vericat, D.; Wittenberg, L.; Zabaleta, Ane; Zorn, M. Spatial variability of the relationships of runoff and sediment yield with weather types throughout the Mediterranean basin. Journal of Hydrology 571 : 390-405 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/176710 Poblador, Sílvia; Lupon, Anna; Martí, Eugènia; Sabater, Francesc; Sabaté, Santi; Bernal, Susana. The influence of the invasive alien nitrogen‑fixing Robinia pseudoacacia L. on soil nitrogen availability in a mixed Mediterranean riparian forest. European Journal of Forest Research 138: 1083-1093 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/193946 Rae, Marcia; Miró, Alexandre; Hall, Jeanette; O’Brien, Katie; O’Brien, David. Evaluating the validity of a simple citizen science index for assessing the ecological status of urban drainage ponds. Ecological Indicators 98 : 1-8 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/171777 Ribot, Miquel; Cochero, Joaquín;Vaessen, Timothy N.; Bernal, Susana; Bastias, Elliot; Gacia, Esperança; Sorolla, Albert; Sabater, Francesc; Martí, Eugènia. Leachates from Helophyte Leaf-Litter Enhance Nitrogen Removal from Wastewater Treatment

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Plant Effluents. Environmental Science and Technology 53(13): 7613-7620 (2019) https:// digital.csic.es/handle/10261/184524 Sanna, Mauro; Cires, Eduardo; PérezHaase, A.; Fernández Prieto, José Antonio. Haplotype and ribotype diversity of Saxifraga cuneifolia s. l. (Saxifragaceae). Systematics and Biodiversity 17(4) : 402-411 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/186465 Triadó-Margarit, Xavier; Caliz, Joan; Reche, Isabel; Casamayor, Emilio O. High similarity in bacterial bioaerosol compositions between the free troposphere and atmospheric depositions collected at high-elevation mountains. Atmospheric Environment 203 : 79-86 (2019) https://digital. csic.es/handle/10261/176117 Triadó-Margarit, Xavier; Capitán, José A.; Menéndez-Serra, Mateu; OrtizÁlvarez, Rüdiger; Ontiveros, Vicente J.; Casamayor, Emilio O.; Alonso, David. A Randomized Trait Community Clustering approach to unveil consistent environmental thresholds in community assembly. ISME Journal 13 : 2681-2689 (2019) https://digital. csic.es/handle/10261/186490 Ward, Adam S.; Zarnetske, Jay P.; Baranov, Viktor; Blaen, P. J.; Brekenfeld, Nicolai; Chu, Rosalie; Derelle, Romain; Drummond, Jennifer D.; Fleckenstein, Jan H.; Garayburu-Caruso, Vanessa; Graham, Emily B.; Hannah, David M.; Harman, Ciaran J.; Herzog, Skuyler; Hixson, Jase; Knapp, Julia L. A.; Krause, Stefan; Kurz, Marie J.; Lewandowski, Jörg; Li, Angang; Martí, Eugènia; Miller, Melinda; Milner, A. M.; Neil, Kerry; Orsini, Luisa; Packman, Aaron Ian; Plont, Stephen; Renteria, Lupita; Roche, Kevin R.; Royer, Todd; Schmadel, N. M.; Segura, Catalina; Stegen, James; Toyoda, Jason; Wells, Jacqueline; Wisnoski, Nathan I.; Wondzell, Steven M. Co-located contemporaneous mapping of morphological,

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hydrological, chemical, and biological conditions in a 5th-order mountain stream network, Oregon, USA. Earth System Science Data 11 : 1567-1581 (2019) https://digital.csic. es/handle/10261/193923 Ward, Adam S.; Kurz, Marie J.; Schmadel, Noah M.; Knapp, Julia L. A.; Blaen, Phillip J.; Harman, Ciaran J.; Drummond, Jennifer D.; Hannah, David M.; Krause, Stefan; Li, Angang; Marti, Eugenia; Milner, Alexander; Miller, Melinda; Neil, Kerry; Plont, Stephen; Packman, Aaron I.; Wisnoski, Nathan I.; Wondzell, Steven M.; Zarnetske, Jay P. Solute transport and transformation in an intermittent, headwater mountain stream with diurnal discharge fluctuations. Water 11: 2208 (2019) https:// digital.csic.es/handle/10261/195364 Ward, Adam S.; Wondzell, Steven M.; Schmadel, Noah M.; Herzog, Skuyler; Zarnetske, Jay P.; Baranov, Viktor; Blaen, Phillip J.; Brekenfeld, Nicolai; Chu, Rosalie; Derelle, Romain; Drummond, Jennifer D.; Fleckenstein, Jan H.; Garayburu-Caruso, Vanessa; Graham, Emily; Hannah, David; Harman, Ciaran J.; Hixson, Jase; Knapp, Julia L. A.; Krause, Stefan; Kurz, Marie J.; Lewandowski, Jörg; Li, Angang; Martí, Eugènia; Miller, Melinda; Milner, Alexander M.; Neil, Kerry; Orsini, Luisa; Packman, Aaron I.; Plont, Stephen; Renteria, Lupita; Roche, Kevin; Royer, Todd; Segura, Catalina; Stegen, James; Toyoda, Jason; Wells, Jacqueline; Wisnoski, Nathan I. Spatial and temporal variation in river corridor exchange across a 5th-order mountain stream network. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 23 : 5199–5225 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/206343


CONGRESSES & CONFERENCES Argudo Fernández, MarIa; Gich, Frederic; Rubio-Gracia, Francesc; Guasch, Helena. Functional changes of microbial communities in fluvial biofilms under a multiple stress scenario. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 06/02/2019. Spain. POSTER Avila Castells, Anna; Molowny-Horas, Roberto; Camarero, Lluís. Streamwater response to changing atmospheric sulphur and nitrogen deposition in two mountain areas in the Northeastern Iberian Peninsula. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 05/02/2019. Spain. ORAL Bernal Berenguer, Susana; Lupon, Anna; Martí, Eugènia; Sabater, Francesc. Riparian zones and streams are biogeochemical reactors within Mediterranean headwater catchments. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 05/02/2019. Spain. ORAL Buchaca, T.; Sabás, I.; Osorio, V.; Miró, A.; Pou-Rovira, Q.; Ballesteros, E.; Puig, M. A.; Ventura, Marc. El barb roig com a desencadenant de cascades tròfiques en estanys d’alta muntanya. II Jornades de recerca del Parc Natural de l’Alt Pirineu. 04/05/2019. Spain. ORAL Buchaca, Teresa; Sabás, Ibor; Osorio, Víctor; Miró, Alexandre; Pou-Rovira, Quim; Ballesteros, Enric; Puig, Maria Angels;Ventura, Marc. Non-native minnows as drivers of trophic cascades in high mountain lakes. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 05/02/2019. Spain. ORAL Casamayor, Emilio O.; JimenezOntiveros, Vicente; Caliz, Joan; Triadó-Margarit, Xavier; Alonso, David. Application of the Theory of Island Biogeography to predict the fate of the airborne microbiome in future climatic

scenarios 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 06/02/2019. Spain. ORAL Castrillón, Alba; Lucati, Federica; Miró, Alexandre; Tomàs, Jan; Font, Blanca; Jurado, Ismael; Cases, Meritxell; O’Brien, David; Cruset, Eloi; Pou-Rovira, Quim; Ventura, Marc. Estimació de la grandària poblacional de tritó pirinenc (Calotriton asper) en dos estanys d¿alta muntanya a través de la fotoidentificació assistida per ordinador. XVII Jornades Herpetològiques Catalanes. 12/10/2019. Spain. POSTER Cebrian, Emma; Verdura, Jana; de Caralt, Sònia; Santamaria, Jorge; Vergés, Alba; Mangialagio, Luisa; Ivesa, Lijliana; Farina, Simone; Cefalì, Maria Elena; Fraschetti, Simonetta; Ballesteros, Enric. Local temperature regimes may determine Cystoseira thermal tolerance to future warming. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 06/02/2019. Spain. POSTER del Campo, Rubén; Martí, Eugènia; Bastias, Elliot; Barberá, Gonzalo; Sánchez-Montoya, María del Mar; Cerezo, Rosa. Linking terrestrial and aquatic carbon processing: Environmental conditions of floodplains control the fate of leaf litter inputs in rivers. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 05/02/2019. Spain. ORAL Delibes-Mateos, M.; Funosas, G.; Castro, F.; Villafuerte, R.; Rouco, C.; TriadóMargarit, X.; Casamayor, E.O. Primera aproximación al microbioma intestinal del conejo de monte (Oryctolagus cuniculus). I Congreso Ibérico de ciencia aplicada a los recursos cinegéticos (CICARC). 01/07/2019. Spain. ORAL Drummond,

Jen;

Bernal,

Susana;

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Meredith, Warren; Schumer, Rina; Martí, Eugènia. Point source inputs shift controls of fine particulate organic matter standing stocks in an intermittent stream. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 06/02/2019. Spain. POSTER Gacia, Esperança; Buchaca, Teresa; Ballesteros, Enric; Sabas, Ibor; Ventura, Marc. Impact of minnows on the survival of quillworts in Pyrenean lakes. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 07/02/2019. Spain. POSTER Galofre, M.; Copons, R.; Camarero, L.; Vicente de Vera, A.; Valero-Garcés, B. La evolución reciente de lagos de los Pirineos en la vertiente sur en el contexto de los últimos milenios. Coloquio OPCC 2019. 3º Coloquio internacional sobre el cambio climático en zonas de montaña. OPCC2 2019. 22/10/2019. Spain. ORAL Guerrieri, Rossella; Barceló, Anna; Mattana, Stefania; Caliz, Joan; Elustondo, David;Hellstein,Sofie;Matteucci,Giorgio; Merilä, Päivi; Michalski, Greg; Nicolas, Manuel; Vanguelova, Elena; Verstraeten, Arne; Waldner, Peter; Watanabe, Mirai; Peñuelas, Josep; Mencuccini, Maurizio. Leaf microbes and nitrification in the canopies of European forests: evidence from stable isotopes, meta-barcoding and qPCR. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 06/02/2019. Spain ORAL López-Esclapez, Rocío; Puig, María Ángeles; Ubero-Pascal, Nicolas. Estado de conservación del orden Plecoptera (Insecta) en la Región de Murcia: propuesta de lista roja. XVIII Congreso Ibérico de Entomología. 10/07/2019. Spain. POSTER Lucati, Federica; Miró, Alexandre; Caner, Jenny; O’Brien, David; Tomàs, Jan; Buchaca, Teresa; Font, Blanca; Cruset, Eloi; Pou-Rovira, Quim; Ventura, Marc. Genetic diversity and population structure

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of Pyrenean brook newt (Calotriton asper) populations in the Pyrenean range. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 05/02/2019. Spain ORAL Lucati, Federica; Poignet, Manon; Miró, Alexandre; Trochet, Audrey; Aubret, Fabien; Barthe, Laurent; Bertrand, Romain; Buchaca, Teresa; Caner, Jenny; Darnet, Elodie; Denoël, Mathieu; Guillaume, Olivier; Le Chevalier, Hugo; Martínez-Sivestre, Albert; MossollTorres, Marc; O’Brien, David; Olivier, Calvez; Osorio, Víctor; Pottier, Gilles; Richard, Murielle; Sabás, Ibor; Souchet, Jeremie;Tomàs, Jan;Ventura, Marc. Lligant la història filogeogràfica amb la dinàmica de dispersió contemporània: múltiples refugis glacials i flux gènic reduït però efectiu configuren l’estructura genètica d’un tritó endèmic dels Pirineus. XVII Jornades Herpetològiques Catalanes. 12/10/2019. Spain. ORAL Lupon, Anna; Gerber, Stefan; Bernal, Susana. Factors driving net nitrification in riparian soils across biomes. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 05/02/2019. Spain. ORAL Martí, Eugènia; Castelar, Sara; Ribot, Miquel; Merbt, Stephanie N.; Tobella, Marta; Sabater, Francesc; Gacia, Esperança; Drummond, Jennifer; Bernal, Susana. Water scarcity enhances the influence of wastewater treatment plant inputs on stream nutrient dynamics. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 05/02/2019. Spain. ORAL Martí, E.; Castelar, S.; Ribot, M.; Merbt, S.; Tobella, M.; Sabater, F.; Gacia, E.; Drummond, J.; Bernal, S. Inputs from wastewater treatment plant effluents influence the temporal variation of nutrient uptake in a temporary stream. Symposium of Freshwater Sciences (SFS). 07/06/2019. United States. ORAL


Meredith, Warren; Drummond, Jen; Tobella, Marta; Ribot, Miquel; Schumer, Rina; Sabater, Francesc; Martí, Eugènia. Reach and habitat scale hydraulic characteristics influence stream respiration in a stream receiving inputs from a wastewater treatment plant effluent. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 07/02/2019. Spain. ORAL Miró, Alexandre; O’Brien, David; Tomàs, Jan; Buchaca, Teresa; Sabás, Ibor; Osorio, Víctor; Lucati, Federica; Castrillón, Alba; Solé, Judith; Font, Blanca; Jurado, Ismael; Cases, Meritxell; Cruset, Eloi; Pou-Rovira, Quim; Ventura, Marc. Recovery of high mountain lake amphibian populations after removing exotic fish (LIFE+ LimnoPirineus). 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 05/02/2019. Spain POSTER Montagud, Daniel; Soria, Juan; Sendra, M. D.; Alfonso,Teresa; Soria, Xavier;Vicente, Eduardo. Funcionamiento del plancton como indicador de estado trófico a partir de datos de densidad y biomasa cuantitativos y cualitativos. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 07/02/2019. Spain. ORAL Ontiveros, Vicente L.; Capitán, Jose A.; Arthur, Rohan; Casamayor, Emilio O.; Alonso, David. New advances in island biogeography modelling: the R package ‘island’ 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 05/02/2019. Spain. ORAL Osorio,Víctor; Puig, Maria Àngels; Sabás, Ibor; Buchaca, Teresa; Jo, Hyunbin; PouRovira, Quim; Miró, Alexandre; Lucati, Federica; Caner, Jennifer; Ventura, Marc. Effects of introduced fish on Pyrenean high mountain lakes: a DNA metabarcoding approach. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 07/02/2019. Spain. ORAL Palacin-Lizarbe, Carlos; Camarero, Lluís; Hallin, Sara; Jones, Christopher M.; Caliz, Joan; Casamayor, Emilio O.; Catalan, Jordi. Contrasting microbial nitrogen-

transforming networks in mountain lake benthic habitats. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 06/02/2019. Spain. ORAL Pérez Haase, Aaron; Batriu, Efrem; Anadon-Rosell, Alba; Ninot, Josep Maria; Mercadé, Arnau; Pladevall-Izard, Eulàlia; Espuny, Jaume; Carrillo, Empar. Main drivers of vegetation in high mountain mires. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 04/02/2019. Spain. POSTER Pladevall Izard, Eulàlia; Espuny, Jaume; Pérez-Haase, Aaron; Anadon-Rossell, Alba; Carrillo, Empar; Ninot, Josep Maria. Experimental trials as a basis for restoration of high mountain mires. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 05/02/2019. Spain. ORAL Pou-Rovira, Quim; Cruset, Eloi; Font, Blanca; Jurado, Ismael; Buchaca, Teresa; Sabas, Ibor; Osorio, Víctor; Puig, Mariàngels; Miró, Àlex; Ventura, Marc. Ecological restoration of high mountain lakes in the Pyrenees by fish removal or intensive control: provisional results of the Project Life LIMNOPIRINEUS. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 04/02/2019. Spain. ORAL Pou-Rovira, Quim; Cruset, Eloi; Font, Blanca; Jurado, Ismael; Cases, Meritxell; Buchaca, Teresa; Sabás, Ibor; Osorio, Víctor; Puig, Mariàngels; Miró, Alexandre; Ventura, Marc. L’experiència en la erradicació i el control intensiu del Barb roig en el marc del projecte LIFE LIMNOPIRINEUS. II Jornades de Recerca del Parc Natural de l’Alt Pirineu. 02/05/2019. Spain. ORAL Puig, María Ángeles; Camarero, Lluis; Osorio, Víctor; Ventura, Marc; Fochetti, Romolo; Ubero-Pascal, Nicolás. Global Change effects on biodiversity conservation of mayfly and stonefly species in Pyrenean high mountain streams. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 05/02/2019. Spain. POSTER

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Pujol Buxó, Eudald; Mochales, Gabriel; Garcia-Cisneros, Alex; Miaud, Claude; Llorente, Gustavo A. Perspectives evolutives de la invasió de Discoglossus pictus a Europa. XVII Jornades Herpetològiques Catalanes. 12/10/2019. Spain. ORAL Ribot Bermejo, Miquel; Cochero, Joaquín; Vaessen, Timothy N.; Bernal Berenguer, Susana; Bastias Álamo, Elliot; Gacia Pasola, Esperança; Sorolla Edo, Albert; Martí Roca, Eugènia. Leaflitter leachates from helophytes enhance the activity of freshwater biofilms receiving inputs from a wastewater treatment plant effluent. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 05/02/2019. Spain. ORAL Ribot, M.; Bernal, S.; Cochero, J.; TriadoMargarit, X.; Lupon, A.; Gacia, E.; Sorolla, A.; Manel, I.; Sabater, F.; Martí, E. Effect of helophytes used in bioengineering on nutrient removal in streams receiving wastewater treatment plants effluents. RESTAURIOS. 12/06/2019. Spain. POSTER Ribot, Miquel; Bernal, Susana; Cochero, Joaquín; Triadó-Margarit, Xavier; Lupón, Anna; Gacia, Esperança; Sorolla, Albert; Isnard, Manel; Sabater, Francesc; Martí, Eugènia. Nutrient removal from Helophytes used in bioengineering in streams receiving effluents of wastewater treatment plants. III Congreso Ibérico de Restauración Fluvial. 12/06/2019. Spain. POSTER Saludas, Ibor; Miró, Alexandre; Catalan, Jordi; Ventura, Marc. Key environmental factors for modelling high mountain lake summer water temperatures: a future climate change prediction in Pyrenean water bodies. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 06/02/2019. Spain. ORAL Tobella Sanmartí, Marta; Nadal, Dani; Drummond, Jen; Ribot, Miquel; Sabaté, Santi; Martí, Eugènia; Sabater, Francesc. The influence of hydro-morphological manipulations on nutrient retention capacity

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in an eutrophic stream. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 05/02/2019. Spain. ORAL Ventura, M.; Buchaca, T.; Miró, A.; Gacia, E.; Puig, M. A.; Ballesteros, E.; Pou-Rovira, Q.; Pérez-Haase, A.; Carrillo, E.; Ninot, J. M.; Aniz, M.; Garriga, M. Conservation of aquatic habitats and species in the high mountains of the Pyrenees. lnvestigating lakes and peatlands in the National Parks of the Pyrenees. REPLIM Workshop. 11/04/2019. Spain. ORAL Ventura, Marc; Sabás, Ibor; Osorio, Víctor; Miró, Alexandre; Pou-Rovira, Quim; Puig, Mariàngels; Ballesteros, Enric; Cruset, Eloi; Buchaca, Teresa. La recuperació dels estanys del Parc Natural després de l’eliminació del barb roig. II Jornades de Recerca del Parc Natural de l’Alt Pirineu. 02/05/2019. Spain. ORAL Vicente de Vera, A.; Camarero, L.; Galop, D.; Valero-Garcés, B. Monitorización del régimen térmico y propiedades físico-químicas de los lagos pirenaicos de la red REPLIM: ¿algo está cambiando? 3º Coloquio internacional sobre el cambio climático en zonas de montaña. OPCC2 2019. 22/10/2019. Spain. ORAL Ward, Adam S.; Zarnetske, Jay P.; Bernal, Susana; Drummond, J. D.; Brekenfeld, N.; Bonnell Graham, E.; Hannah, D. M.; Klaar, M. J.; Kurz, M. J.; Krause, S.; Li, Angang; Lupon, Anna; Mao, Feng; Martí, Eugènia; Ouellet, V.; Packman, A. I.; Stegen, J. How and why do physical, chemical, and biological characteristics (co)vary through space in a 5th order river basin? AGU Fall Meeting 2019. 09/12/2019. United States. POSTER Zufiaurre,A.; Felip, M.; Sala, M. ; Camarero, Lluis; Juhanson, Jaanis; Bonilla-Ross, German; Hallin, Sara; Catalan, Jordi. Resilience of the bacterial community to the ice-cover seasonality of the mountain lakes. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 06/02/2019. Spain ORAL


BOOK’S CHAPTER Buchaca, Teresa; Sabás, Ibor; Osorio, Víctor; Pou-Rovira, Quim; Miró, Alexandre; Puig, Mariàngels; Cruset, Eloi; Font, Blanca; Ballesteros, Enric; Ventura, Marc. Canvis als estanys a partir de la reducció de les densitats de peixos en el marc del projecte LIFE LimnoPirineus. La Investigació al Parc Natural d’Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici. XI Jornades sobre Recerca al Parc Natural d’Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici. Generalitat de Catalunya. pp. 145-161 (2019) https://digital. csic.es/handle/10261/201280 Casamayor, E. O. Función de los microorganismos en hábitats acuáticos y terrestres. Microbiología Esencial. Editorial Médica Panamericana. pp. 679 -696 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/179850 Casamayor, E. O.; Caliz, J.; Camarero, L.; Ortiz-Alvarez, R.; Triadó-Margarit, X. Seguimiento a largo plazo de comunidades microbianas en lagos de alta montaña y de la dispersión remota mediante aerosoles atmosféricos en el contexto del cambio global. Proyectos de investigación en parques nacionales: 2013-2017. Organismo Autónomo de Parques Nacionales (OAPN). pp. 263-280 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/201308 Gacia, Esperança; Buchaca,Teresa; Sabas, Ibor; Ballesteros, Enric; Ventura, Marc. Impacte del barb roig en els prats submergits d’isoetes lacustris dels estanys dels Pirineus. La Investigació al Parc Natural d’Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici. XI Jornades sobre Recerca al Parc Natural d’Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici. Generalitat de Catalunya. pp. 73-83 (2019) https://digital.csic. es/handle/10261/201286 Miró, Alexandre; O’Brien, David; Tomàs, Jan; Buchaca, Teresa; Sabás, Ibor;

Osorio, Víctor; Lucati, Federica; Font, Blanca; Jurado, Ismael; Cases, Meritxell; Cruset, Eloi; Pou-Rovira, Quim; Ventura, Marc. Rapida recuperació de les poblacions d’amfibis en vuit estanys d’alta muntanya lligada a l’erradicació de peixos introduïts. La Investigació al Parc Natural d’Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici. XI Jornades sobre Recerca al Parc Natural d’Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici. Generalitat de Catalunya. pp. 163 -175 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/201292 Ontiveros, Vicente J.; Cáliz, Joan; TriadóMargarit, Xavier; Casamayor, Emilio O.; Alonso, David. Un estudio dinámico de las comunidades microbianas del Parque Nacional de Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici: oportunidades para la conservación. La Investigació al Parc Natural d’Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici. XI Jornades sobre Recerca al Parc Natural d’Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici. Generalitat de Catalunya. pp. 23-30 (2019) https://digital.csic. es/handle/10261/201299 Ortiz-Álvarez, R.; Catalán, J.; Camarero, Lluís; Triadó-Margarit, X.; Casamayor, Emilio O. Umbrales ambientales de microeucariotas planctónicos en lagos de los Pirineos. La Investigació al Parc Natural d’Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici. XI Jornades sobre Recerca al Parc Natural d’Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici. Generalitat de Catalunya. pp. 17-22 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/201295 Osorio,Víctor; Puig, Mariàngels; Buchaca, Teresa; Miró, Alexandre; Pou-Rovira, Quim; Sabás, Ibor; Ventura, Marc. Factors que expliquen la composició de la comunitat de macroinvertebrats litorals als estanys del Parc Nacional d’Aigüestortes ¡ Estany de Sant Maurici. La Investigació al Parc Natural d’Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici.

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XI Jornades sobre Recerca al Parc Natural d’Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici. Generalitat de Catalunya. pp. 177-182 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/201238 Romagosa, Francesc; Buchaca, Teresa; Miró, Alexandre; Ventura, Marc. Avaluació de la percepció sobre els ecosistemes aquatics d’alta muntanya per part de visitants i residents de l’entorn del Parc Nacional d’Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici. La Investigació al Parc Natural d’Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici. XI Jornades sobre Recerca al Parc Natural d’Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici.

Generalitat de Catalunya. pp. 177-182 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/201238 Sabás, Ibor; Buñay, Danilo; Miró, Alexandre; Osorio, Víctor; Buchaca, Teresa; Pou-Rovira, Quim;Ventura, Marc. Efecte de diferents pressions de depredació en l’estructura i la composició del zooplancton. La Investigació al Parc Natural d’Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici. XI Jornades sobre Recerca al Parc Natural d’Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici. Generalitat de Catalunya. pp. 127-134 (2019) https://digital. csic.es/handle/10261/201281

DEGREE’S FINAL PROJECT Universitat de Barcelona (UB). Efectes del canvi climàtic en les comunitats de Plecòpters i Efemeròpters (Insecta) de muntanya (Montseny i Pirineus). Student: Mauro Jose Abbona. Advisor: Mariàngels Puig. Universitat de Vic (UVIC). Estudi de la dieta de la truita comuna (Salmo trutta) a l’estany Gran de Dellui, alta muntanya del

Parc Nacional d’Aigüestortes i Estany de Sant Maurici. Student: Cinta Golorons. Advisors: Mariàngels Puig & Marc Ventura. Universitat de Girona. Comparació de la diet del barb roig (Phoxinus sp.) entre un estany d’alta muntanya del Pirineu i dos rius de Catalunya. Student: Conrad Carbó. Advisors: Marc Ventura & Mariàngels Puig.

MASTER THESIS Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL). Exploring controls on stream metabolism using field data and numerical models. MSc programme, School of

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Civil Engineer, University of Western Australia (UWA) and EPFL (Switzerland). Student: Pascal Arbellay. Advisor: Susana Bernal

CSIC has signed a scientific cooperation contract with the Chilean mining company SQM Salar S.A. to help assess the conservation and sustainability status of the Salar de Atacama, one of the driest ecosystems on Earth and rich in lithium and potassium resources. SQM Salar S.A. is one of the world leaders in the exploitation of lithium and potassium from the largest salt deposit in Chile. Salt flat brines are a major source of minerals and especially lithium, a strategic highly demanded commodity with uses ranging from light batteries to cancer treatment. A multidisciplinary CSIC team with expertise in ecology and natural resources will carry out a diagnosis of the current state of knowledge on microorganisms, soil, water, flora, fauna, and other aquatic organisms present in the area. Marc Ventura and Emilio O Casamayor, from the Center for Advanced Studies in Blanes, have joined the team of experts belonging to a total of seven CSIC institutes.

https://www.ceab.csic.es/pressimpacts/


MOLECULAR ECOLOGY OF THE MARINE BENTOS

//ANNUAL REPORT 2016//

Head of Research Group: Uriz Lespe, MarĂ­a JesĂşs

We seek to assess evolutionary and ecological processes in benthic systems by combining field observation, experimentation, and molecular tools. We aim to understand the diversity, functioning, and responses of the marine benthos to environmental changes, both natural and human-induced, to predict future scenarios of marine ecosystems. Current topics cover the taxonomy and molecular phylogeny and ecology of benthic assemblages (metagenomics) and species (sponges, polychaetes, crustaceans, ascidians, and fishes), with particular emphasis on symbiotic interactions. Life cycles, population genetics, demography, and phylogeography studies help us to detect and understand the colonization pathways and the fate of exotic (introduced) marine species in native ecosystems. Moreover, the production of secondary metabolites by marine benthic organisms is studied under the dual perspective of their ecological functions and biotechnological applications.

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Missing in the picture: Paula Carolina RodrĂ­guez (Hired Technician). Marwa Chaibi (Externar Collaborator). AdrĂ Antich (PhD Student). David Buckey (Hired Technician). Oriol Sacristan (Hired Technician). Jan Sureda (Hired Technician).

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PROJECTS POPCOMICS. Biodiversidad marina y genómica: de las poblaciones a las comunidades Principal Investigator: X. Turon Entity: Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades Budget: 164,802 € Years: 2018-2020 BIGPARK. Evolución de la biodiversidad en fondos marinos de Parques Nacionales impactados por especies invasoras y cambio climático: monitorización genética y ecológica Principal Investigator: X. Turon Entity: OAPN Budget: 49.818,00€. Years: 2019-2022 € Identificación y cuantificación de microbios symbiontes de esponjas (arqueas) implicados en metabolismos de S y N Principal Investigator: I. Uriz Entity: Proyectos Intramurales EspecialesCSIC. Budget: 20.357,67€. Year: 2019

GALathEoidea lobster adapTaTions to deep sea Environments Principal Investigator: E. Macpherson Entity: Proyecto investigación CSIC Budget: 10.954,00€. Years: 2019-2021

CREOCEAN. Estudio de sistemas naturales afectados por proyectos de gestión de litoral o infraestructura en mar abierto Principal Investigator: D. Martin Entity: CREOCEAN Budget: 30.000€ Year: 2019 CONECTIVIDAD. Conectividad, biodiversidad y evolución en organismos marinos Principal Investigator: E. Macpherson Entity: Proyectos Intramurales Especiales Budget: 206.282€ Years: 2017-2020 €

SCOOBA. Symbiotic Cooperation and Boring Activity of Cliona sponges under a climate change context Principal Investigator: X. Turon Entity: European Union (Marie Curie) Budget: 239.191 € Years: 2017-2020

AMARE. Actions for Marine Protected Areas Principal Investigator: E. Macpherson Entity: European Union (Interreg) Budget: 206.629 € Years: 2016-2020

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SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTION 56 PAPERS Aguado, Mª Teresa; Capa, María; LagoBarcia, Domingo; Gil, João; Pleijel, Fredrik; Nygren, Arne. Species delimitation in Amblyosyllis (Annelida, Syllidae). PLoS ONE 14(4) : e0214211 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/180254 Bachetarzi, Rym; Dilmi, Sonia; Uriz, María Jesús; Vázquez-Luis, Maite; Deudero Company, María de la Salud; Rebzani-Zahaf, Chafika. The nonindigenous and invasive species Paraleucilla magna Klautau, Monteiro & Borojevic, 2004 (Porifera: Calcarea) in the Algerian coast (Southwestern of Mediterranean Sea). Acta Adriatica 60(1) : 41-46 (2019). https://digital. csic.es/handle/10261/186552 Carella, Mirco;Agell, Gemma; Uriz, María Jesús. Asexual reproduction and heterozygote selection in an Antarctic demosponge (Stylocordyla chupachus, Suberitida). Polar Biology 42(3) : 475-483 (2019). https://digital. csic.es/handle/10261/172674 Casso, Maria; Tagliapietra, D.; Turon, Xavier; Pascual, Marta. High fusibility and chimera prevalence in an invasive colonial ascidian. Scientific Reports 9:15673 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/193925 Casso, Maria; Turon, Xavier; Pascual, Marta. Single zooids, multiple loci: independent colonisations revealed by population genomics of a global invader. Biological Invasions 21(12) : 3575-3592 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/188841 Chaibi, Marwa; Antit, Mouna; Bouhedi, Marwa; Meca, Miguel A.; Guillet, Patrick; Azzouna, Atf; Martin, Daniel. A new species of Flabelligeridae (Annelida), Trophoniella radesiensis n. sp., from Tunisia.

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Zootaxa 4571(4): 551-561 (2019). https:// digital.csic.es/handle/10261/179254 Correa, Margarita C. G.; Palero, Ferran; Malausa, Thibaut; Crochard, Didier; Zaviezo, Tania; Lombaert, Eric. European bridgehead effect in the worldwide invasion of the obscure mealybug. Biological Invasions 21(1) : 123-136(2019). https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/168728 El Asri, Fatima; Martin, Daniel;Tamsouri, Mohamed-Naoufal; Errhif, Ahmed; Maanan, Mohamed; Idrissi, Mohamed Malouli; Zidane, Hakima. Spatial and temporal variability in distribution, diversity, and structure of the polychaete assemblages from Dakhla Bay (Atlantic coast of South Morocco). Marine Biodiversity 49(3): 1271-1281 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/167858 Genis-Armero, Rebeca; Landeira, José María; Capaccioni-Azzati, R.; Palero, Ferran. Updated distribution and first description of Scyllarus subarctus (Crustacea: Scyllaridae) decapodid stage. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 99(5) : 1181-1188 (2019). https:// digital.csic.es/handle/10261/176766 Jakiel, Aleksandra; Palero, Ferran; Błażewicz,Magdalena. Deep ocean seascape and Pseudotanaidae (Crustacea: Tanaidacea) diversity at the Clarion-Clipperton Fracture Zone. Scientific Reports 9 : 17305 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/195123 López-Márquez, Violeta; Templado, José; Buckley, David; Marino, Ilaria; Boscari, Elisa; Micu, Dragos; Zane, Lorenzo; Machordom, Annie. Connectivity Among Populations of the Top Shell Gibbula divaricata in the Adriatic Sea. Frontiers in


Genetics 10 : 177 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/183947 Lozano-Fernández, Jesús; Giacomelli, Mattia; Fleming, James F.; Chen, Albert; Vinther, Jakob; Thomsen, Philip Francis; Glenner, Henrik; Palero, Ferran; Legg, David A.; Iliffe,Thomas M.; Pisani, Davide; Jørgen, Olesen. Pancrustacean evolution illuminated by taxon-rich genomic-scale data sets with an expanded remipede sampling. Genome Biology and Evolution : evz097 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/187364 Martin, Daniel; Pititto, Francesco; Gil, João; Mura, Maria Paola; Bahamon, Nixon; Romano, Chiara; Thorin, Sébastien; Schvartz, Thibault; Dutrieux, Eric; Bocquenet,Yannick. Long-distance influence of the Rhône River plume on the marine benthic ecosystem: Integrating descriptive ecology and predictive modelling. Science of the Total Environment 673 : 790-809 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/180249 Meca, Miguel A.; Drake, Pilar; Martin, Daniel. Does polyxenous symbiosis promote sympatric divergence? A morphometric and phylogeographic approach based on Oxydromus okupa (Annelida, Polychaeta, Hesionidae). Contributions to Zoology 88(2) : 173-200 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/182162 Milazzo, Marco; Alessi, C.; Quattrocchi, Federico; Chemello, Renato; D’Agostaro, R.; Gil, João; Vaccaro, A. M.; Mirto, S.; Gristina, M.; Badalamenti, F. Biogenic habitat shifts under long-term ocean acidification show nonlinear community responses and unbalanced functions of associated invertebrates. Science of the Total Environment 667 : 41-48 (2019). https://digital. csic.es/handle/10261/176909 Palero, Ferran; Rodríguez Flores, Paula C.; Cabezas, Patricia; Machordom, Annie; Macpherson, Enrique; Corbari, L. Evolution of squat lobsters (Crustacea, Galatheoidea): mitogenomic data suggest an

early divergent Porcellanidae. Hydrobiologia 833(1) : 173-184 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/175748 Pérez-Portela, R.; Wangensteen, Owen S.; García-Cisneros, Álex; ValeroJiménez, Claudio; Palacín, Cruz; Turon, Xavier. Spatio-temporal patterns of genetic variation in Arbacia lixula, a thermophilous sea urchin in expansion in the Mediterranean. Heredity 122 : 244-259 (2019). https://digital. csic.es/handle/10261/166546 Pujol-Buxó, Eudald; García-Cisneros, Álex; Miaud, C.; Llorente, Gustavo A. Genetic relationships and diversity patterns within the invasive range of the Mediterranean Painted Frog. Journal of Zoology 309(2) : 125-132 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/186459 Recuero, Ernesto; Rodríguez Flores, Paula C. On the geographic distribution of the uncommon Iberian endemic Armadillidium mateui Vandel, 1953 (Crustacea, Isopoda, Armadillidiidae). Graellsia 75(2) : e096 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/197646 Rodrígeuz-Flores, Paula C.; Macpherson, Enrique; Machordom, Annie. Revision of the squat lobsters of the genus Leiogalathea Baba, 1969 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Munidopsidae) with the description of 15 new species. Zootaxa 4560(2) : 201-256 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/176711 Rodríguez Flores, Paula C.; Machordom, Annie; Abelló, Pere; Cuesta, José A.; Macpherson, Enrique. Species delimitation and multi-locus species tree solve an old taxonomic problem for European squat lobsters of the genus Munida Leach, 1820. Marine Biodiversity 49(4) : 1751-1773 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/178719 Rodríguez Flores, Paula C.; Macpherson, Enrique; Buckley, David; Machordom, Annie. High morphological similarity coupled with high genetic differentiation in new sympatric species of coral-reef squat

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Multipartner Symbiosis across Biological Domains: Looking at the Eukaryotic Associations from a Microbial Perspective Turon, Marta; Uriz , MarĂ­a J.; Martin, Daniel mSystems 4: e00148-19 https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/186509 Abstract Sponges establish tight associations with both micro- and macroorganisms. However, while studies on sponge microbiomes are numerous, nothing is currently known about the microbiomes of sponge-associated polychaetes and their relationships with those of their host sponges. We analyzed the bacterial communities of symbiotic polychaetes (Haplosyllis spp.) and their host sponges (Clathria reinwardti, Amphimedon paraviridis, Neofibularia hartmani, and Aaptos suberitoides) to assess the influence of the sponges on the polychaete microbiomes. We identified both eukaryote partners by molecular (16S and COI genes) and morphological features, and we identified their microbial

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communities by high-throughput sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene (V4 region). We unravel the existence of six Haplosyllis species (five likely undescribed) associated at very high densities with the study sponge species in Nha Trang Bay (central Vietnam). A single polychaete species inhabited A. paraviridis and was different from the single species that inhabited A. suberitoides. Conversely, two different polychaete species were found in C. reinwardti and N. hartmani, depending on the two host locations. Regardless of the host sponge, polychaete microbiomes were species specific, which is a widespread feature in marine invertebrates. More than half of the polychaete bacteria were also found in the host sponge microbiome but at contrasting abundances. Thus, the associated polychaetes seemed to be able to select, incorporate, and enrich part of the sponge microbiome, a selection that appears to be polychaete species specific. Moreover, the bacterial diversity is similar in both eukaryotic partners, which additionally confirms the influence of food (host sponge) on the structure of the polychaete microbiome.


lobsters (Crustacea: Decapoda: Galatheidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society XX 185(4) : 984-1017 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/170837 Román, Sara; Lins, L.; Ingelws, Jeroen; Romano, Chiara; Martin, Daniel; Vanreusel, Ann. Role of spatial scales and environmental drivers in shaping nematode communities in the Blanes Canyon and its adjacent slope. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers 146: 62-78 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/177489

Carrió, Carlos; Gili, Josep Maria. Distribution patterns and demographic trends of demosponges at the Menorca Channel (Northwestern Mediterranean Sea). Progress in Oceanography 173 : 9-25 (2019). https:// digital.csic.es/handle/10261/176681 Schunter,C.;Pascual,M. ; Raventós, Núria; Garriga, Joan; Garza, J. C.; Bartumeus, Frederic; Macpherson, Enrique. A novel integrative approach elucidates fine-scale dispersal patchiness in marine populations. Scientific Reports 9 :10796 (2019). https:// digital.csic.es/handle/10261/187054

Román, Sara; Ortiz-Álvarez, Rüdiger; Romano, Chiara; Casamayor, Emilio O.; Martin, Daniel. Microbial Community Structure and Functionality in the Deep Sea Floor: Evaluating the Causes of Spatial Heterogeneity in a Submarine Canyon System (NW Mediterranean, Spain). Frontiers in Marine Science 6 : 108 (2019). https://digital. csic.es/handle/10261/178114

Sigvardt, Zandra M. S.; Rogers, Christopher; De los Ríos, Patricio; Palero, Ferran; Olesen, Jørgen. First molecular phylogeny of Laevicaudata (Crustacea: Branchiopoda) with description of a new species of Lynceus from Chile and an updated key to species in the Americas. Invertebrate Systematics 33(4) : 597-617 (2019) https:// digital.csic.es/handle/10261/188833

Sacristán-Soriano, Oriol; Winkler, Marina; Erwin, Patrick M.; Weisz, Jeremy; Harriott, Olivia; Heussler, Gary; Bauer, Emily; Marsden, Brittany West; Hill, April; Hill, Malcolm. Ontogeny of symbiont community structure in two carotenoid-rich, viviparous marine sponges: comparison of microbiomes and analysis of culturable pigmented heterotrophic bacteria. Environmental Microbiology Reports 11(2): 249-261 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/178162

Soto Àngel, Joan Josep; Martell, Luis; Palero, Ferran. Polyps fishing on a crab: novel association between Hydrichthella epigorgia (Hydrozoa, Ptilocodiidae) and Achaeus (Crustacea, Inachidae). Marine Biodiversity 49(1) : 11-23 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/153620

Sainz-Escudero, Lucía; Stanescu, Florina; Rodríguez Flores, Paula C.; García-París, Mario. First record of Branchinectella media (Schmankewitsch, 1873) (Branchiopoda, Anostraca) in Romania. Crustaceana 90(10) : 1231-1247 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/194335 Santín, Andreu; Grinyó, Jordi; Ambroso, Stefano; Uriz, María Jesús; Dominguez-

Turon, Marta; Caliz, Joan;Triadó-Margarit, Xavier; Casamayor, Emilio O.; Uriz, María Jesús. Sponges and Their Microbiomes Show Similar Community Metrics Across Impacted and Well-Preserved Reefs. Frontiers in Microbiology 10 :1961 (2019). https://digital. csic.es/handle/10261/190736 Turon, Marta; Uriz, María Jesús; Martin, Daniel. Multipartner Symbiosis across Biological Domains: Looking at the Eukaryotic Associations from a Microbial Perspective. mSystems 4: e00148-19 (2019). https://digital. csic.es/handle/10261/186509

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Turon, Xavier; Antich, Adrià; Palacín, Cruz; Præbel, Kim; Wangensteen, Owen S. From metabarcoding to metaphylogeography: separating the wheat from the chaff. Ecological Applications 0(0) : e02036 (2019). https:// digital.csic.es/handle/10261/194485

Viard, Frédérique; Roby, Charlotte;Turon, Xavier; Bouchemousse, Sarah; Bishop, J. D. D. Cryptic Diversity and Database Errors Challenge Non-indigenous Species Surveys: An Illustration With Botrylloides spp. in the English Channel and Mediterranean Sea. Frontiers in Marine Science 6 : 615 (2019). https://digital. csic.es/handle/10261/193549

CONGRESSES & CONFERENCES Antich, A.; Palacín, C.; San Román, D.; Wangensteen, O. S.; Turon, X. Metabarcoding the benthic boundary layer: the role of sampling method and marker characteristics in the DNA signatures obtained at the interface between benthos and plankton. XX SIEBM (Simposio Ibérico de Estudios de Biología Marina). 09/09/2019. Portugal. ORAL Barbanti, Anna; Torrado, Hector; Macpherson, Enrique; Palacin, Creu; Turon, Xavier; Pascual, Marta; Carreras, Carlos. The Mediterranean loggerhead genomics: Lessons from the POPCOMICS Project. International Sea Turtle Symposium, 2019. 05/02/2019. United States. ORAL Carreras, C.; García-Cisneros, A.; Wangensteen, O. S.; Ordóñez,V.; Palacín, C.; Pascual, M.; Turon, X. East to West: Population genomics and hierarchical analyses reveal differential adaptation footprints in the edible sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus. XX SIEBM (Simposio Ibérico de Estudios de Biología Marina). 09/09/2019. Portugal. ORAL Carreras, C.; García-Cisneros, A.; Wangensteen, O. S.; Ordóñez,V.; Palacin, C.; Turon, X.; Pascual, M. Hierarchical analyses reveal differential adaptation footprints in the edible sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus. SMBE (Society for Molecular Biology and Evolution) 2019 Meeting. 21/07/2019. Great Britain. POSTER

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Carreras, C.; Pous, S.; Vega, M.; Macpherson, E.; Pascual, M. Genotyping impact of mixing samples from multiple nonmodel species in population genomic analyses. XX Iberian Symposium on Marine Biology Studies (SIEBM XX). 09/09/2019. Portugal. POSTER Casso, M.; Turon, X.; Pascual, M. Single zooids, multiple loci: population genomics of a global invader. 10th International Tunicate Meeting. 08/07/2019. France. ORAL Chaibi, M.; Bouhedi, M.; Khalthoumi, D.; Martin, D.; Azzouna, A. Contribution à la connaissance des Annélides Polychètes sur le littoral de la Tunisie. XVIIIèms Journées Tunisiennes des Sciences de la Mer. 26/10/2019. Tunisia. POSTER Chaibi, M.; Martin, D.; Azzouna, A. Contribition to the knowledge of the litoral polychaete annelids of Tunisia. 13th International Polychaete Conference. 04/08/2019. United States. POSTER Chaibi, M.; Martin, D.; Azzouna, A. New reports of Syllidae Grube, 1850 (Annelida, Polychaeta) In yhe Bay of Tunis,Tunisia (Central Mediterranean). 30éme Congrès International des Sciences Biologiques et de Biotechnologie ATSB. 25/03/2019. Tunisia. ORAL


Hereu, Bernat; Linares, Cristina; Garrabou, Joaquim; Diaz, David; Aspillaga, Eneko; Capdevila, Pol; Medrano, Alba; Montero-Serra, Ignasi; Pagès, Marta; Rovira, Graciel·la; GarciaRubies, Antoni; Zabala, Mikel. The monitoring program of the Natural Parks of Catalonia (NW Mediterranean Sea). 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 04/02/2019. Spain. POSTER Martin, Daniel. Cats and tigers... into the blue? A taxonomic and ethological approach to symbiotic polychaetes. Specialised seminar for the CDS in Biologia Marina of the University of Bologna, Laurea Magistrale in Biologia Marina of Ravenna, on Vietnamese coastal ecosystem: Mangroves, corals and symbiosis. 19/02/2019. Italy. ORAL Martin, Daniel. Living shallow or living deep. Two different approaches to study symbiotic polychaetes. Specialised seminar for the CDS in Biologia Marina of the University of Bologna, Laurea Magistrale in Biologia Marina of Ravenna, on Vietnamese coastal ecosystem: Mangroves, corals and symbiosis. 18/02/2019. Italy. ORAL Martin, Daniel. Polychaetes associated to hydrocarbon-enriched bottoms off Congo (West Africa). CoMBoMed Workshop. 11/02/2019. Italy. ORAL Pascual, M.; Casso, M.; Tagliapietra, D.; Turon, X. High fusibility and chimera prevalence in a worldwide invasive colonial ascidian. XX SIEBM (Simposio Ibérico de Estudios de Biología Marina). 09/09/2019. Portugal. POSTER Pascual, M.; Casso, M.; Tagliapietra, M.; Turon, X. Genomic approaches to study long- and short-term chimera formation in the global invader Didemnum vexillum. 10th International Tunicate Meeting. 08/07/2019. France. POSTER Pérez-Portela, R.; Riesgo, A.; Wangensteen, O. S.; Palacín, C.; Turon,

X. Loving the warming: transcriptomic responses to acute thermal shifts in a recent colonizer in the Mediterranean, the sea urchin Arbacia lixula. XX SIEBM (Simposio Ibérico de Estudios de Biología Marina). 09/09/2019. Portugal. POSTER Præbel, K.; Urban, P.; Havermans, C.; Turon, X.; Wangensteen, O. S. Marine environmental DNA in the Anthropocene: applications in the Arctic and subarctic. MOBeDNA Monitoring Biodiversity with eDNA Conference. 02/10/2019. Iceland. ORAL Rodríguez-Flores, P. C.; Buckley, D.; Macpherson, E.; Machordom, A. Biogeography and patterns of speciation in squat lobsters from the tropical deep sea (Galatheoidea, Munidopsidae, Leiogalathea). III Jornadas del Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (MNCN-CSIC). 25/02/2019. Spain. INVITED TALK Rodríguez-Flores, Paula C.; Machordom, Annie; Schnabel, Kareen; Ahyong, Shane T.; Macpherson, Enrique. Hidden diversity in the squat lobster genus Phylladiorhynchus Baba, 1969 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Galatheidae) revealed from morphological and genetic data. The Crustacean Society Meeting. 26/05/2019. Hong-Kong. ORAL Rodríguez-Flores, Paula, C.; Macpherson, Enrique; Ahyong, Shane T.; Machordom, Annie. Moving forward by moving back: Integrative systematics supports revival of old, andcreation of new genera in the composite taxon, Munidopsis Whiteaves, 1874. The Crustacean Society Meeting. 26/05/2019. Hong-Kong. POSTER Torrado, Héctor; Carreras, Carlos; Raventós, Núria; Pascual, Marta; Macpherson, Enrique. Environmental and phenotypic drivers affect differential genomic responses in two sympatric congeneric fish. XX Iberian Symposium on Marine Biology Studies (SIEBM XX). 09/09/2019. Portugal. ORAL

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Turon Rodrigo, Marta; Uriz, M.Jesús; Martín, Daniel. Multi-partner symbiosis: microbes and polychaetes in sponge hosts. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 07/02/2019. Spain. ORAL Turon, X.; Casso, M.; Pascual, M. Population genomics revealed independent colonisation events of a global ascidian invader. XX SIEBM (Simposio Ibérico de Estudios de Biología Marina). 09/09/2019. Portugal. ORAL Turon, X.; Casso, M.; Turon, M.; Marco, N.; Pascual, M. Local microbiome of a global invader. 10th International Tunicate Meeting. 08/07/2019. France. ORAL Turon, X.; Casso, M.; Turon, M.; Marco, N.; Pascual, M. Tunic microbiome of a global ascidian invader XX SIEBM (Simposio Ibérico de Estudios de Biología Marina). 09/09/2019. Portugal. POSTER Turon, Xavier. Issues in metabarcoding hard-bottom benthic communities. “Census

of Marine Mediterranean Benthic biodiversity: an integrative metabarcoding approach (CoMBoMed)”. 11/02/2019. Italy. ORAL Turon, Xavier; Wangensteen, Owen. Mining eukaryotic community DNA data: from metabarcoding to metaphylogeography. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 07/02/2019. Spain ORAL Wangensteen, O. S.; Antich, A.; Palacin, C.; Praebel, K.; Turon, X. From COI metabarcoding to metaphylogeography: finding the optimal way to get robust haplotype information from raw HTS data. 8th International Barcode of Life Conference. 17/06/2019. Norway. ORAL Wangensteen, O. S.;Turon, X.; Søreide, J.; Vader, A.; Bakker, J.; Mariani, S.; Præbel, K. Marine eukaryotic biodiversity from COI metabarcoding of eDNA samples: new insights and knowledge gaps. MOBeDNA Monitoring Biodiversity with eDNA Conference. 02/10/2019. Iceland. ORAL

BOOK’S CHAPTER Britayev, T. A.; Martin, D. Chaetopteridae Audouin & Milne Edwards, 1833. Handbook of Zoology. Volume 1: Annelida basal groups and Pleistoannelida, Sedentaria. Walter de Gruyter GmbH. pp. 154-173 (2019) https://digital.csic. es/handle/10261/178234 Gil, J.; Glasby, C. J.; Martin, D. Phylum Annelida. Class Aphanoneura. Thorp and Covich’s Freshwater Invertebrates, Fourth Edition. Academic Press / Elsevier. pp. 508-512 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/201318 Gil, J.; Glasby, C. J.; Martin, D. Phylum Annelida. Class Polychaeta.Thorp and Covich’s Freshwater Invertebrates, Fourth Edition. Academic Press / Elsevier. pp. 512-518 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/201334

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Thorp, J. H.; Lovell, L. L.;Timm,T.; Martin, P.; Gelder, S. R.; Govedich, F. R.; Moser, W. E.; Nakano, T.; Bielecki, A.; Bain, B. A.; Utevsky, S.; Gil, J.; Glasby, C. J.; Martin, Daniel. Phylum Annelida. Keys to Palaearctic Fauna: Thorp and Covich¿s Freshwater invertebrates - Volume IV. Academic Press / Elsevier. pp. 357-518 (2019) https://digital.csic. es/handle/10261/180685


MASTER THESES The Arctic University of Norway. DNA metabarcoding of deep-sea sediment communities using COI: community assessment, spatio-temporal patterns and comparison with the 18S rDNA marker. Student: Sara Atienza. Advisor: Xavier Turon

Universitat de Barcelona (UB). Metabarcoding de comunitats al Parc Nacional de l’Arxipèlag de Cabrera: dinàmica de l’ADN a la interfície entre bentos i columna d’aigua. Student: Adrià Antich. Advisor: Xavier Turon

DEGREE’S FINAL PROJECT Universitat de Barcelona (UB). Metabarcoding de comunitats: dinàmica de l’ADN de peixos entre el bentos i la columna d’aigua. Student: Daniel San Roman. Advisor: Xavier Turon

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BENTHIC ECOSYSTEM FUNCTIONING

Head of Research Group: Ballesteros Sagarra, Enric

We aim to understand patterns and processes underlying the structure and functioning of the marine benthos at multiple temporal and spatial scales and at different environmental situations. We combine descriptive field ecology and natural history with experimental and modelling approaches to understand functional drivers of species, communities and ecosystems. We are interested on how benthic ecosystems may be influenced by human alterations at local, regional and global scales. Most of the ecosystems studied are shallow rocky bottoms and seagrass meadows in a wide range of geographical areas: Mediterranean Sea, Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans and Gulf of California and Caribbean Sea.

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Turon Rodrigo, Marta; Uriz, M.Jesús; Martín, Daniel. Multi-partner symbiosis: microbes and polychaetes in sponge hosts. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 07/02/2019. España. ORAL Turon, X.; Casso, M.; Pascual, M. Population genomics revealed independent colonisation events of a global ascidian invader. XX SIEBM (Simposio Ibérico de Estudios de Biología Marina). 09/09/2019. Portugal. ORAL

Turon, X.; Casso, M.; Turon, M.; Marco, N.; Pascual, M. Local microbiome of a global invader. 10th International Tunicate Meeting. 08/07/2019. Francia. ORAL Turon, X.; Casso, M.; Turon, M.; Marco, N.; Pascual, M. Tunic microbiome of a global ascidian invader XX SIEBM (Simposio Ibérico de Estudios de Biología Marina). 09/09/2019. Portugal. POSTER Turon, Xavier. Issues in metabarcoding hard-

Missing in the picture: Laia Illa (Master student). Petra Kundid (Master student). Alèssia Pons (Master student). Cristina Galobart (Pre-doc). Raul Gonzalez (Pre-doc). Gerard Mas (Master Student). Mario Minguito (Pre-doc). Sandra Zedillo (Master student)

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PROJECTS UMBRAL. Respuestas de la vegetación marina bentónica al estrés: transiciones críticas, resilencia y oportunidades de gestión. Principal Investigator: Teresa Alcoverro Entity: MINECO Budget: 106,843 Years: 2018-2020

La evaluación de la calidad ambiental del puerto de Barcelona, en base a la composición faunística de los fondos sedimentarios Principal Investigator: E. Ballesteros Entity: Ports de Barcelona Budget: 45.496€. Years: 2018-2022

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BE_CALM. Papel de las esponjas en el acoplamiento biogeoquímico bento-pelágico: intercambio de carbono y nutrientes entre el coralígeno y las comunidades circundantes Principal Investigator: R. Coma Entity: MINECO Budget: 193.600,00€. Years: 2019-2021 MERCES. Marine ecosystem restoration in changing european seas. Principal Investigator: Enric Ballesteros Entity: European Union (H2020) Budget: 22.212 € Years: 2016-2020


//ANNUAL REPORT 2016//

SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTION PAPERS Bensoussan, Nathaniel; Cebrian, Emma; Dominici, Jean-Marie; Kersting, Diego K.; Kipson, Silvija; Kizilkaya, Zafer; Ocaña, Óscar; Peirache, Marion; Zuberer, Fréderic; Ledoux, Jean-Baptiste; Linares, Cristina; Zabala, Mikel; Buongiorno Nardelli, Bruno; Pisano, Andrea; Garrabou, Joaquim. Using CMEMS and the Mediterranean Marine Protected Areas sentinel network to track ocean warming effects in coastal areas. Journal of Operational Oceanograhy 12(suppl. 1) : 65-73 (2019). http://hdl.handle.net/10261/201832 Cabanellas-Reboredo, Miguel; VázquezLuis, Maite; Mourre, Baptiste; Álvarez, Elvira; Deudero, Salud; Amores, Ángel; Addis, P.; Ballesteros, Enric; Barrajón, A.; Coppa, S.; García-March, J.; Giacobbe, S.; Giménez Casalduero, F.; Hadjioannou, L.; Jiménez-Gutiérrez, S.; Katsanevakis, Stelios; Kersting, D. K.; Mačić, Vesna; Mavrič, B.; Patti, F. P.; Planes, S.; Prado, Patricia; Sánchez, J.; Tena-Medialdea, J.; De Vaugelas, J.; Vicente, N.; Belkhamssa, F. Z.; Zupan, I.; Hendriks, I. E. Tracking a mass mortality outbreak of pen shell Pinna nobilis populations: A collaborative effort of scientists and citizens. Scientific Reports 9 : 13355 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/191954 Capdevila, P.; Hereu, Bernat; SalgueroGómez, Roberto; Rovira, Graciel·la; Medrano, Alba; Cebrian, Emma; Garrabou, Joaquim; Kersting, D. K.; Linares, Cristina. Warming impacts on early life stages increase the vulnerability and delay the population recovery of a long-lived habitatforming macroalga. Journal of Ecology

107(3) : 1129-1140 (2019). https://digital.csic. es/handle/10261/173218 Cefalì, Maria Elena; Cebrian, Emma; Chappuis, Eglantine; Terradas, Marc; Mariani, Simone; Ballesteros, Enric. Community-dependent variability in species composition and richness on rocky shores at a regional scale. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 230 : 106425 (2019). https://digital.csic. es/handle/10261/193937 Darling, Emily S.; McClanahan, Tim R.; Maina, Joseph; Gurney, Georgina G.; Graham, Nicholas A. J.; JanuchowskiHartley, Fraser; Cinner, Joshua E.; Mora, Camilo; Hicks, Christina C.; Maire, Eva; Puotinen, Marji; Skirving, William J.; Adjeroud, Mehdi; Ahmadia, Gabby; Arthur, Rohan; Bauman, Andrew G.; Beger, Maria; Berumen, Michael L.; Bigot, Lionel; Bouwmeester, Jessica; Brenier, Ambroise; Bridge,Tom C. L.; Brown, Eric; Campbell, Stuart J.; Cannon, Sara; Cauvin, Bruce; Allen Chen, Chaolun; Claudet, Joachim; Denis, Vianney; Donner, Simon; Estradivari; Fadli, Nur; Feary, David A.; Fenner, Douglas; Fox, Helen; Franklin, Erik C.; Friedlander, Alan; Gilmour, James; Goiran, Claire; Guest, James; Hobbs, Jean-Paul A.; Hoey, Andrew S.; Houk, Peter; Johnson, Steven; Jupiter, Stacy D.; Kayal, Mohsen; Kuo, Chao-yang; Lamb, Joleah; Lee, Michelle A. C.; Low, Jeffrey; Muthiga, Nyawira; Muttaqin, Efin; Nand, Yashika; Nash, Kirsty L.; Nedlic, Osamu; Pandolfi, John M.; Pardede, Shinta; Patankar, Vardhan; Penin, Lucie; Ribas-Deulofeu, Lauriane; Richards, Zoe; Roberts, T. Edward; Rodgers,

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Recent trend reversal for declining European seagrass meadows de los Santos, Carmen B.; Krause-Jensen, Dorte; Alcoverro, Teresa; et al. Nature Communications : 3356 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/187375 Seagrass meadows, key ecosystems supporting fisheries, carbon sequestration and coastal protection, are globally threatened. In Europe, loss and recovery of seagrasses are reported, but the changes in extent and density at the continental scale remain unclear. Here we collate assessments of changes from 1869 to 2016 and show that 1/3 of European seagrass area was lost due to disease, deteriorated water quality, and coastal development, with losses peaking in the 1970s and 1980s.

de los Santos, Carmen B.; KrauseJensen, Dorte; Alcoverro, Teresa; Marbà, Núria; Duarte, Carlos M.; van Katwijk, Marieke M.; Pérez, Marta; Romero, Javier; Sánchez-Lizaso, J. L.; Roca, Guillem; Jankowska, Emilia; PérezLlorens, José L.; Fournier, Jérôme; Montefalcone, Monica; Pergent, G.; Ruiz, Juan M.; Cabaço, Susana; Cook, Kevan;

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Since then, loss rates slowed down for most of the species and fast rowing species recovered in some locations, making loss rate in seagrass area experience a reversal in the 2000s, while density metrics improved or remained stable in most sites. Our results demonstrate that decline is not the generalised state among seagrasses nowadays in Europe, in contrast with global assessments, and that deceleration and reversal of declining trends is possible, expectingly bringing back the services they provide.decrease in taxonomic diversity. In acidified conditions, most organisms accounted for a few functional entities (i.e. unique combination of functional traits), resulting in low functional redundancy. These results suggest that functional richness is not buffered by functional redundancy under OA, even in highly diverse assemblages, such as rocky benthic communities.

Wilkes, Robert J.; Moy, Frithof; MuñozRamos Trayter, Gregori; Seglar Arañó, Xavier; de Jong, Dick J.; FernándezTorquemada, Y.; Auby, Isabelle; Vergara, Juan J.; Santos, Rui. Recent trend reversal for declining European seagrass meadows Nature Communications : 3356 (2019). https:// digital.csic.es/handle/10261/187375


Friedlander, Alan M.; Giddens, Jonathan; Ballesteros, Enric; Blum, Christian; Brown, Eric K.; Caselle, Jennifer E.; Henning, Brad; Jost, Christian; Salinasde-León, Pelayo; Sala, Enric. Marine biodiversity from zero to a thousand meters at Clipperton Atoll (Île de La Passion), Tropical Eastern Pacific PeerJ 7 : e7279 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/194259 Gerovasileiou,Vasilis; Smith, Christopher J.; Sevastou, Katerina; Papadopoulou, Nadia; Dailianis, Thanos; Bekkby, Trine; Fiorentino, Dario; McOwen, Chris J.; Amaro, Teresa; Tunka Bengil, Elizabeth Grace; Bilan, Meri; Boström, Christoffer; Carreiro-Silva, Marina; Cebrian, Emma; Cerrano, Carlo; Danovaro, Roberto; Fraschetti, Simonetta; Gagnon, Karine; Gambi, Cristina; Grehan, Anthony; Hereu, Bernat; Kipson, Silvija; Kotta, Jonne; Linares, Cristina; Morato, Telmo; Ojaveer, Henn; Orav-Kotta, Helen; Sarà, Antonio; Scrimgeour, Rachael. Habitat mapping in the European Seas - is it fit for purpose in the marine restoration agenda? Marine Policy 106 : 103621 (2019). https:// digital.csic.es/handle/10261/186640 Giakoumi, Sylvaine; Katsanevakis, Stelios; Albano, Paolo G.; Azzurro, Ernesto; Cardoso, A. C.; Cebrian, Emma; Deidun, Alan; Edelist, Dor; Francour, P.; Jiménez, Carlos; Mačić, Vesna; Occhipinti-Ambrogi, Anna; Rilov, Gil; Sghaier, Yassine Ramzi. Management priorities for marine invasive species. Science of the Total Environment 688 : 976-982 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/186496 Gómez-Gras, D.; Linares, Cristina; De Caralt, S.; Cebrian, Emma; FrletaValić, Maša; Montero-Serra, Ignasi; Pagès-Escolà, Marta; López-Sendino, P.; Garrabou, Joaquim. Response diversity in Mediterranean coralligenous assemblages facing climate change: Insights from a multispecific thermotolerance experiment.

Ecology and Evolution 9 : 4168-4190 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/180780 Ladd, Cai J. T.; Duggan-Edwards, Mollie F.; Bouma, Tjeerd J.; Pagès, Jordi F.; Skov, Martin W. Sediment supply explains longterm and large-scale patterns in saltmarsh lateral expansion and erosion. Geophysical Research Letters 46(20) : 11178-11187 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/192603 Mariani, Simone; Cefalì, Maria Elena; Chappuis, Eglantine; Terradas, Marc; Pinedo, Susana; Torras, Xavier; Jordana, E.; Medrano,Alba;Verdura, J.; Ballesteros, Enric. Past and present of Fucales from shallow and sheltered shores in Catalonia. Regional Studies in Marine Science 32 : 100824 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/191941 McClanahan, Tim R.; Darling, Emily S.; Maina, Joseph; Muthiga, Nyawira; D’agata, Stéphanie; Jupiter, Stacy D.; Arthur, Rohan; Wilson, Shaun K.; Mangubhai, Sangeeta; Nand, Yashika; Ussi, Ali M.; Humphries, Austin T.; Patankar, Vardhan; Guillaume, Mireille M. M.; Keith, Sally A.; Shedrawi, George; Julius, Pagu; Grimsditch, Gabriel; Ndagala, January; Leblond, Julien. Temperature patterns and mechanisms influencing coral bleaching during the 2016 El Niño. Nature Climate Change 9 : 845-851 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/194196 McKinley, Emma; Pagès, Jordi F.; Wyles, Kayleigh J.; Beaumont, Nicola. Ecosystem services: A bridge or barrier for UK marine stakeholders? Ecosystem Services 37 : 100922 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/180739 Morganti, T.; Ribes, Marta; Yahel, G.; Coma, Rafael. Size is the major determinant of pumping rates in marine sponges. Frontiers in Physiology 10 : 1474 (2019). https://digital. csic.es/handle/10261/196119

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Pessarrodona, Albert; Boada, Jordi; Pagès, Jordi F.; Arthur, Rohan; Alcoverro, Teresa. Consumptive and non-consumptive effects of predators vary with the ontogeny of their prey. Ecology 100(5) : e02649 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/180742 Pinedo, Susana; Ballesteros, Enric. The role of competitor, stress-tolerant and opportunist species in the development of indexes based on rocky shore assemblages for the assessment of ecological status. Ecological Indicators 107 : 105556 (2019) https://digital. csic.es/handle/10261/187790

Verdura, Jana; Linares, Cristina; Ballesteros, Enric; Coma, Rafael; Uriz, María Jesús; Bensoussan, Nathaniel; Cebrian, Emma. Biodiversity loss in a Mediterranean ecosystem due to an extreme warming event unveils the role of an engineering gorgonian species. Scientific Reports 9 : 5911 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/180750

CONGRESSES & CONFERENCES Boada, Jordi; Alcoverro, Teresa; Arthur, Rohan; Alonso, David. Warming oceans, changing habitats: coupling thermal performance with ecosystem shifts. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 06/02/2019. Spain. ORAL

Fraschetti, Simonetta; Ballesteros, Enric. Local temperature regimes may determine Cystoseira thermal tolerance to future warming. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 05/02/2019. Spain. POSTER

Buchaca, Teresa; Sabás, Ibor; Osorio, Víctor; Miró, Alexandre; Pou-Rovira, Quim; Ballesteros, Enric; Puif, Maria Àngels;Ventura, Marc. Non-native minnows as drivers of trophic cascades in high mountain lakes. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 06/02/2019. Spain. ORAL

de Caralt, Sonia; Verdura, Jana; Verges, Alba; Ballesteros, Enric; Cebrian, Emma. Marine pollution impacts on the viability of Cystoseira crinita populations. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 06/02/2019. Spaib. ORAL

Buñuel Moreno, Xavi; Alcoverro Pedrola, Teresa; Arthur, Rohan; Romero, Javier. Size-specific shoaling behaviour of the key Mediterranean herbivore fish Sarpa salpa and its importance for their feeding strategy. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 05/02/2019. Spain. ORAL Cebrian, Emma; Verdura, Jana; de Caralt, Sònia; Santamaría, Jorge; Vergés, Alba; Mangialajo, Luisa; Ivesa, Ljijliana; Farina, Simone; Cefalì, Maria Elena;

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de Caralt, Sònia; Verdura, Jana; Vergés, Alba; Ballesteros, Enric; Cebrian, Emma. Effects of pollution on populations of Cystoseira crinite. 7th European Phycological Congress. 25/08/2019. Croatia. ORAL Gacia, Esperança; Buchaca, Teresa; Ballesteros, Enric; Sabás, Ibor; Ventura, Marc. Impact of minnows on the survival of quillworts in Pyrenean lakes. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 06/02/2019. Spain. POSTER


Golo, R.; Cebrian, E.; Verges, A. Unraveling the origin and potential invasibility of Lophocladia sp in the Mediterranean Sea. XIV AEET meeting. 06/02/2019. Spain. ORAL Golo, Raul; Ballesteros, Enric; Verdura, Jana; Tomàs, Fiona; Vergés, Alba; Cebrian, Emma. The boom-bust invasion by Lophocladia lallemandii has a lower impact than expected on native ecosystems. 7th European Phycological Congress. 25/08/2019. Croatia. ORAL Kipson, S.; Bakran-Petricioli, T.; Kaleb, S.; Kruzic, P.; Cebrian, E.; Linares, C.; Ballesteros, E.; Garrabou, J. Coralligenous assemblage dominated by Paramuricea clavata along the Eastern Mediterranean Coast. International Conference on Adriatic Biodiversity Protection. 07/04/2019. Montenegro. ORAL Santamaría Pérez, Jorge; Golo, Raúl; García, María; Azzurro, Ernesto; Verges, Alba; Cebrian, Emma. Can climate warming be a limiting factor for the Caulerpa cylindracea invasion? 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 07/02/2019. Spain. ORAL

invasion process. 7th European Phycological Congress. 27/08/2019. Croatia. ORAL Serrat, Alba; Santamaria, Jorge; Verdura, Jana; Golo, Raul; Congil, Ander. Vulnerabilidad ambiental y social de la comunidad afrodescendiente de las islas del Rosario (Colombia).VIII Congreso Universidad y Cooperación al desarrollo. 29/11/2019. Spain. ORAL Verdura, Jana; de Caralt, Sònia; Santamaria, Jorge; Vergés, Alba; Cefalì, Maria Elena; Mangialajo, Luisa; Ivesa, Ljiljana; Farina, Simone; Fraschetti, Simonetta; Ballesteros, Enric; Cebrian, Emma. Can thermal history shape the thermotolerance response of Mediterranean marine habitat-forming macroalgaes? 7th European Phycological Congress. 25/08/2019. Croatia. ORAL Verdura, Jana; Vergés, Alba; Santamaria, Jorge; de Caralt, Sònia; Ballesteros, Enric; Cebrian, Emma. Climate change as a driver of Mediterranean marine forest decline. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 07/02/2019. Spain ORAL

Santamaría, Jorge; Golo, Raúl; Verdura, Jana; Cebrian, Emma. Sarpa salpa’s preferential feeding on the invasive alga Caulerpa cylindracea shifts throughout the

Vergés, A.; Padrosa, M.; Golo, R.; de Caralt, S.; Cebrian, E. Effect on the growth of marine bangia populations under pollutants. Are there ecotypes? 7th European Journal of Phycology. 20/08/2019. Croatia. POSTER

BOOK

DOCTORAL THESIS

Santamans, Joana; Ballesteros, Enric.VIDA, herbari il·lustrat. Editorial Bridge (2019). https:// digital.csic.es/handle/10261/201387

Universitat de Girona (UdG). Distribución geográfica, predicción espacial y diversidad de los hábitats litorales en la costa Catalana. Student: Maria Elena Cefalì. Advisors: Emma Cebrian & Enric Ballesteros

MASTER THESIS Universidad de La Laguna (ULL). Estudio del fitobentos en el sublitoral de las islas Salvajes: análisis de su flora marina y nuevas aportaciones al catálogo florístico. Dirección

de Máster de Ana Ramírez Lizán. Universidad de La Laguna. Student: Ana Ramírez. Advisor: Enric Ballesteros

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THEORETICAL AND COMPUTATIONAL ECOLOGY

Head of Research Group: Bartumeus FerrĂŠ, Frederic

We seek to provide conceptual advance in ecological theory using mathematical and computational techniques. We are particularly interested in building a bridge between theory and data. We are a highly collaborative and multidisciplinary research group that develops specific research lines and provides general theoretical foundations of observational and empirical research in ecology mostly in the context of Community Ecology & Biodiversity, Population Ecology, Movement & Behavioural Ecology, Invasion Biology, and Epidemics. We aim to evaluate ecological theory trough the analysis of empirical data, the development of mechanistic and integrative (across scales) modeling approaches, and the study of the role of environmental and biological stochasticity in ecological phenomena, from foraging behavior to biodiversity patterns.

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//ANNUAL REPORT 2016//

Missing in the picture: Julia Castro (JAE-INTRO). JosĂŠ Antonio Sanabria (Hired Technician). Natali Lazzari (Hired Technicien). Katarina Klementisova (PhD Student). Roger Lloret (Pre-doctoral Researcher)

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PROJECTS DIVERSITAT. Estado y tendencias de la biodiversidad de los arrecifes litorales españoles

SUSE. Social uses of search ecology: stochastic foundations and experimental research

Principal Investigator: M. Becerro Entity: MINECO Budget: 181.500,00€. Years: 2019-2021

Principal Investigator: F. Bartumeus Entity: MINECO Budget: 134.310 Years: 2016-2019

Community-Driven Big Data Intelligence to Fight Mosquito-Borne Disease

Projecte de ciència ciutadana per millorar la recerca i gestio mosquit tigre en la demarcació de Girona

Principal Investigator: F. Bartumeus Entity: La Caixa Foundation Budget: 507.600,00€. Years: 2019-2022

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Principal Investigator: F. Bartumeus Entity: Diputació de Girona Budget: 29.909,23€. Years: 2018-2019

CRISIS. Efectos de escala en las transiciones críticas frente a la incertidumbre ambiental: desarrollo de nuevas aproximaciones teóricas

BRIDGES. Conectando la ecología microbiana empírica con las teorías de organización de la biodiversidad en el espacio y en el tiempo

Principal Investigator: D. Alonso Entity: MINECO Budget: 110.110,00 € Years: 2019-2021

Principal Investigator: E. O. Casamayor & D. Alonso Entity: MINECO Budget: 176.660,00€. Years: 2016-2019


Modelling the three-dimensional space use of aquatic animals combining topography and Eulerian telemetry data. Aspillaga, Eneko; Safi, Kamran;  Hereu, Bernat; Bartumeus, Frederic Methods in Ecology and Evolution 10(9) : 1551-1557 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/186542 Abstract 1. Passive acoustic telemetry provides the opportunity to monitor and contextualize the movements of diverse aquatic animals. Despite depth being an essential dimension along which many processes are organized, the Eulerian structure of the acoustic telemetry data (movements perceived from fixed locations) and the consequences of sound propagation in water hinders the incorporation of the vertical dimension into animal’s space use analyses. 2. Here, we propose a new data-driven quantitative method to estimate 3D space use from telemetry networks. The methodology is based on simulating large

numbers of stochastic synthetic paths, accommodating the detection probability around receivers and the depth information from transmitters and integrating the local topography. 3.The methodological protocol is explained in detail and tested with acoustic telemetry data from the common dentex Dentex dentex in a Mediterranean marine protected area. We present 3D space use estimations for the tagged individuals and compare them with other 3D and 2D estimations derived with existing probabilistic methods. 4. 3D space use estimations that incorporate topography provided a more comprehensive view of the movement ecology of tracked individuals, with relevant pieces being missed by 2D representations. Our method generated realistic representations of the actual spatial cooccurrence of individuals, including the spatio-temporal identification of relevant aggregation areas.

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SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTION PAPERS Alonso, David; Dobson, A. P.; Pascual, M. Critical transitions in malaria transmission models are consistently generated by superinfection. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society-B 374: 20180275 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/181676 Aspillaga, Eneko; Safi, Kamran; Hereu, Bernat; Bartumeus, Frederic. Modelling the three-dimensional space use of aquatic animals combining topography and Eulerian telemetry data. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 10(9) : 1551-1557 (2019) https:// digital.csic.es/handle/10261/186542 Austin, Rhiannon E .; Wynn, Rusell B.; Votier, Stephen C.; Trueman, Clive; McMinn, Miguel; Rodríguez, Ana; Suberg, Lavinia; Maurice, Louise; Newton, Jason; Genovart, Meritxell; Péron, Clara; Grémillet, David; Guilford, Tim. Patterns of at-sea behaviour at a hybrid zone between two threatened seabirds. Scientific Reports 9 : 14720 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/192629 Bartumeus, Frederic; Costa, Guilherme B.; Eritja, Roger; Kelly, Ann H.; Finda, Marceline; Lezaun, Javier; Okumu, Fredos; Quinlan, M. Megan; Thizy, Delphine C.; Toé, Léa Paré; Vaughan, Megan. Sustainable innovation in vector control requires strong partnerships with communities. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 13(4): e0007204 (2019) https:// digital.csic.es/handle/10261/181491 De Felipe, Fernanda; Reyes-González, José M.; Militão, Teresa; Neves, Verónica;

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Bried, Joël; Oro, Daniel; Ramos, Raül; González-Solís, Jacob. Does sexual segregation occur during the nonbreeding period? A comparative analysis in spatial and feeding ecology of three Calonectris shearwaters. Ecology and Evolution 9(18): 10145-10162 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/190743 Eritja, Roger; Ruiz-Arrondo, Ignacio; Delacour-Estrella, Sarah; Schaffner, Francis; Álvarez-Chachero, Jorge; Bengoa, Mikel; Puig, Mariàngels; Melero-Alcíbar, Rosario; Oltra, Aitana; Bartumeus, Frederic. First detection of Aedes japonicus in Spain: an unexpected finding triggered by citizen science. Parasites & Vectors 12 : 53 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/174780 Gamble, Amandine; Ramos, Raül; ParraTorres, Yaiza; Mercier, Aurélien; Galal, Lokman; Pearce-Duvet, Jessica; Villena, Isabelle; Montalvo, Tomás; GonzálezSolís, Jacob; Hammouda, Abdessalem; Oro, Daniel; Selmi, Slaheddine; Boulinier, Thierry. Exposure of yellow-legged gulls to Toxoplasma gondii along the Western Mediterranean coasts: Tales from a sentinel. International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife 8: 221-228 (2019). https://digital. csic.es/handle/10261/177908 Genovart, Meritxell; Pradel, Roger. Transience effect in capture-recapture studies: The importance of its biological meaning. PLoS ONE 14(9): e0222241 (2019). https://digital. csic.es/handle/10261/191124


Kembro, Jackelyn M.; Lihoreau, Mathieu; Garriga, Joan; Raposo. E. P.; Bartumeus, Frederic. Bumblebees learn foraging routes through exploitation-exploration cycles. Interface 16: 20190103 (2019). https://digital. csic.es/handle/10261/187237 Lazzari, Natali; Becerro, Mikel; Sanabria Fernández, José Antonio; Martín-López, Berta. Spatial characterization of coastal marine social-ecological systems: Insights for integrated management. Environmental Science and Policy 92 : 56-65 (2019). https:// digital.csic.es/handle/10261/172962 Martínez-Abraín, Alejandro; Jiménez, Juan Francisco; Oro, Daniel. Pax Romana: ‘refuge abandonment’ and spread of fearless behavior in a reconciling world. Animal Conservation 22(1): 3-13 (2019). https:// digital.csic.es/handle/10261/178348 Martínez-Abraín, A.; Santidrián Tomillo, P.; Mouriño, J.; Tenan, S.; Oro, Daniel. Delayed predator-prey collapses: The case of black-legged kittiwakes and Iberian sardines. Marine Ecology Progress Series 631: 201-207 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/204229 Pastor Prieto, Marina; Ramos, Raül; Zajková, Zuzana; Reyes-González, José M.; Rivas, Manuel L.; Ryan, Peter G.; González-Solís, Jacob. Spatial ecology, phenological variability and moulting patterns of the Endangered Atlantic petrel Pterodroma incerta. Endangered Species Research 40 : 189-206 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/208898 Rodríguez, Airam; Arcos, José Manuel; Bretagnolle, Vicent; Dias, Maria P.; Holmes, Nick P.; Louzao, Maite; Provenche, Jennifer; Raine, André F.; Ramírez, Francisco; Rodríguez, Beneharo; Ronconi, Robert A.; Taylor, Rebecca S.; Bonnaud, Elsa; Borrelle, Stephanie B.; Cortés, Verónica; Descamps, Sébastien; Friesen, Vicki L.; Genovart, Meritxell; Hedd, April; Hodum, Peter; Humphries, Grant R.

W.; Le Corre, Matthieu; Lebarbenchon, Camille; Martin, Rob; Melvin, Edward F.; Montevecchi, William A.; Pinet, Patrick; Pollet, Ingrid L.; Ramos, Raül; Russell, James C.; Ryan, Peter G.; Sanz-Aguilar, Ana; Spatz, Dena R.; Travers, Marc; Votier, Stephen C.; Wanless, Ross M.; Woehler, Eric; Chiaradia, André. Future Directions in Conservation Research on Petrels and Shearwaters. Frontiers in Marine Science 6: 94 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/178172 Sanabria Fernández, José Antonio; Alday, Josu G.; Lazzari, Natali; Riera, Rodrigo; Becerro, Mikel. Marine protected areas are more effective but less reliable in protecting fish biomass than fish diversity. Marine Pollution Bulletin 143 : 24-32 (2019). https:// digital.csic.es/handle/10261/180696 Sanabria Fernández, José Antonio; Lazzari, Natali; Becerro, Mikel. Quantifying patterns of resilience: What matters is the intensity, not the relevance, of contributing factors. Ecological Indicators 107 : 105565 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/187749 Tenan, Simone; Tavecchia, Giacomo; Oro, Daniel; Pradel, Roger. Assessing the effect of density on population growth when modeling individual encounter data. Ecology 100(3) : e02595 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/176028 Zango, Laura; Reyes-González, José M.; Militão, Teresa; Zajková, Zuzana; Álvarez-Alonso, Eduardo; Ramos, Raül; González-Solis, Jacob. Year-round individual specialization in the feeding ecology of a longlived seabird. Scientific Reports 9 :11812 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/189671

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CONGRESSES & CONFERENCES Alonso, David; Capitan, Jose Angel; Ortiz-Álvarez, Rüdiger; Ontiveros, Vicente L.; Menéndez-Serra, Mateu; Casamayor, Emilio O.; Gimenez, David; Triadó-Margarit, Xavier. RTCC: A Randomized trait community clustering index to unveil consistent environmental thresholds in community assembly. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 06/02/2019. Spain. ORAL Bartumeus, F. Ciència ciutadana i innovació en la gestió de les arbovirosis. IDIAP Jordi Gol. 21/05/2019. Spain. ORAL Bartumeus, Frederic. Ciència ciutadana i innovació en la gestió de les arbovirosis. Jornada sobre la innovació en el control de les arbovirosis transmeses per mosquits a Catalunya: sinèrgia entre la salut pública i la recerca. Departament de Salut, Agència de Salut Pública de Catalunya. Barcelona. 26/03/2019. Spain. ORAL Bartumeus, Frederic. La desigualtat humana com a principal problema ecològic? R. Margalef Tribute at Museu de Ciències Naturals de Barcelona. 29/10/2019. Spain. ORAL Bartumeus, Frederic. On the benefits of sharing methods across scientific fields. Movement and Behavioural Ecology: Interdisciplinarity on focus. Grand Challenges Symposium. International Max Planck Research School for Organismal Biology. 10/10/2019. Germany. ORAL Bartumeus, Frederic. Ramon Margalef: Dual thinking in Ecological Theory. R. Margalef Tribute at Reial Acadèmia de Ciències i Arts de Barcelona (RACAB), Teatre Poliorama, Barcelona, Spain. 13/05/2019. Spain. ORAL Campos, D.; Cristín, J.; Méndez, V.; Bartumeus, F.; Lloret-Cabot, R.; Genovart, M. The role of memory in foraging efficiency under uncertainty: ant trajectories

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and beyond. ASAB Summer Conference. 26/08/2019. Germany. ORAL Cristín, J.; Bartumeus, F.; Lloret-Cabot, R.; Genovart, M.; Campos, D. Neural network approach to ant foraging ASAB 2019 summer conference: new frontiers in the study of animal behavior. 26/08/2019. Germany. POSTER Genovart, Meritxell. Una Biologia de la Conservació Quantitativa. El cas del virot petit. Seminario invitado en el Grado de Ciències del Mar, Universitat de Barcelona. 11/03/2019. Spain. ORAL Lloret-Cabot, R.; Panlilio, M.; Ryu, W. S.; Garriga, J.; Campos, D.; Bartumeus, F. Stochastic motor control of search behaviour in the model organism C.elegans. Workshop: Statistical physics meets movement ecology. Bristol University, UK. 04/07/2019. Great Britain. ORAL Lloret-Cabot, R.; Panlilio, M.; Ryu, W. S.; Garriga, J.; Campos, D.; Bartumeus, F. Stochastic motor control of search behaviour in the model organism C. elegans. ASAB Summer Conference. 26/08/2019. germany. ORAL Lloret-Cabot, Roger; Panlilio, Maria; S Ryu, William; Garriga, Joan; Campos, Daniel; Bartumeus, Frederic. C. elegans improves multi scale search and dimensionality through looping behavior. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 04/02/2019. Spain. POSTER Masó-Puigdellosas, A.; Bartumeus, F.; Campos, D.; Becares, J.; Arcos, J. M.; Méndez,V.; Oro, D. How do seabirds prospect before establishing a new reproductive habitat? 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. Ecology an integrative science in the Anthropocene. 04/02/2019. Spain. ORAL


Oro de Rivas, Daniel. Perturbations and non-linear population dynamics in social animals. Centre d’Estudis Avançats de Blanes (CEAB-CSIC). 07/02/2019. Spain. ORAL Oro, Daniel. Perturbations and non-linear population dynamics in social animals. I Congreso SIBECOL. 07/02/2019. Spain. INVITED TALK Pons, M.; De Stephanis, R.; Verborgh, P.; Genovart, M. Strong impact of epizootics on long-finned pilot whales (Globicephala melas) in Strait of Gibraltar. World Marine Mammal Science Conference. The Society for Marine Mammalogy. 09/12/2019. Spain. POSTER Ventura, Marc; Delacour, Sarah; Palmer, John; Caner, Jenny; Oltra, Aitana; Paredes

Esquivel, Calaudia; Mariani, Simone; Escartin, Santi; Roiz, David; Collantes, Francisco; Bengoa, Mikel; Montalvo, Tomas; Delgado, Jose Antonio; Eritja, Roger; Lucientes, Javier; Bartumeus, Frederic. Multiple invasion events and car mediated transport drive the genetic variability of Aedes albopictus in Spain. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 05/02/2019. Spain. ORAL Zajková, Zuzana; Reyes-González, José Manuel; González-Solís, Jacob; Bartumeus, Frederic. The Movement Ecology of Seabirds revealed with Unsupervised Behavioural Clustering. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 04/02/2019. Spain. POSTER

BOOK Puglisi, Melany P.; Mikel A Becerro. Chemical ecology: the ecological impacts of marine natural products. CRC Press / Taylor & Francis Group. 400 pages (2019). https://digital. csic.es/handle/10261/201388

BOOK CHAPTER Alonso, David; Dobson, Andy; Pascual, Mercedes. Evidence of Critical Transitions and Coexistence of Alternative States in Nature: The Case of Malaria Transmission. Extended Abstracts Spring 2018. Trends in Mathematics. Springer Nature. pp. 73-79 (2019) https:// digital.csic.es/handle/10261/201338

DOCTORAL THESIS Universitat de Barcelona (UB). Influence of predictable anthropogenic food subsidies on seabirds’ breeding investment. Sudent: Enric Real. Advisor: Daniel Oro

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SPONGE ECOBIOLOGY & BIOTECHNOLOGY

Head of Research Group: Maldonado Barahona, Manuel

We combine objectives concerning fundamental research with others of potential practical application.The work is structured around marine invertebrates, mainly sponges (Porifera) which play a relevant ecological role and show a high biotechnological potential. We use sponges to address the evolutionary links between protozoan and metazoan for a better understanding of the evolutionary emergence of the Animal Kingdom. We explore the eco-biology of Porifera silicification aiming to unveil biotechnological applications.

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SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTION PAPERS Kenchington, Ellen L. R.; Wang, Zeliang; Lirette, Camille; Murillo, Francisco Javier; Guijarro, Javier; Yashayaev, Igor; Maldonado, Manuel. Connectivity modelling of areas closed to protect vulnerable marine ecosystems in the northwest Atlantic. DeepSea Research Part 1 143 : 85-103 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/173043 López-Acosta, María; Leynaert, Aude; Chavaud, Laurent; Amice, Erwan; Bihannic, Isabelle; Le Bec, Thierry; Maldonado, Manuel. In situ determination of Si, N, and P utilization by the demosponge Tethya citrina: a benthic-chamber approach. PLoS ONE 14(7): e0218787 (2019) https:// digital.csic.es/handle/10261/184149 Maldonado, Manuel; López-Acosta, María ; Sitjà, Cèlia; García-Puig, Marta; Galobart, Cristina; Ercilla, Gemma; Leynaert, Aude. Sponge skeletons as an important sink of silicon in the global oceans. Nature Geoscience 12 : 815-822 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/184130

CONGRESSES & CONFERENCES Maldonado, Manuel. Deep-sea sponge aggregations under a Gaia’s perspective: a functional connections. ABNJ Deep Sea Meeting 2019. 07/05/2019. Italy. ORAL

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Pham, Christopher K.; Murillo, Francisco Javier; Lirette, Camille; Maldonado, Manuel; Colaço, Ana; Ottaviani, D.; Kenchington, Ellen L. R. Removal of deepsea sponges by bottom trawling in the Flemish Cap area: conservation, ecology and economic assessment. Scientific Reports 9 : 15843 (2019) https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/193951 Sitjà, Cèlia; Maldonado, Manuel; Farias, C.; Rueda, Jose L. Deep-water sponge fauna from the mud volcanoes of the Gulf of Cadiz (North Atlantic, Spain). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 99 : 807-831 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/170422 Wahab, Muhammad Azmi Abdul; Maldonado, Manuel; Luter, Heidi M.; Jones, Ross; Ricardo, Gerard. Effects of sediment resuspension on the larval stage of the model sponge Carteriospongia foliascens. Science of the Total Environment 695: 133837 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/188908


BOOK CHAPTER Rueda, J.L.; Urra, J.; Aguilar, R.; Angeletti, L.; Bo, M.; García-Ruiz, C.; González-Duarte, M.; López, E.; Madurell, T.; Maldonado, M.; Mateo-Rámirez, A.; Megina, C.; Moreira, J.; Moya, F.; Ramalho, L.; Rosso, A.; Sitjá, C.; Taviani, M. Chapter

Sponge skeletons as an important sink of silicon in the global oceans Maldonado, Manuel; López-Acosta, María; Sitjà, Cèlia; García-Puig, Marta; Galobart, Cristina; Ercilla, Gemma; Leynaert, Aude Nature Geoscience 12: 815-822 (2019) Silicon (Si) is a pivotal element in the biogeochemical and ecological functioning of the ocean. The marine Si cycle is thought to be in internal equilibrium, but the recent discovery of Si entries through groundwater and glacial melting have increased the known Si inputs relative to the outputs in the global oceans. Known outputs are due to the burying of diatom skeletons or their conversion into authigenic clay by reverse weathering. Here we show that non-phototrophic organisms, such as sponges and radiola-

29. Cold-water coral associated fauna in the Mediterranean Sea and adjacent areas. Mediterranean Cold-Water Corals: Past, Present and Future. Springer. pp. 295-333 (2019) https:// digital.csic.es/handle/10261/193958

rians, also facilitate significant Si burial through their siliceous skeletons. Microscopic examination and digestion of sediments revealed that most burial occurs through sponge skeletons, which, being unusually resistant to dissolution, had passed unnoticed in the biogeochemical inventories of sediments. The preservation of sponge spicules in sediments was 45.2 ± 27.4%, but only 6.8 ± 10.1% for radiolarian testa and 8% for diatom frustules. Sponges lead to a global burial flux of 1.71 ± 1.61 TmolSi yr−1 and only 0.09 ± 0.05 TmolSi yr−1 occurs through radiolarians. Collectively, these two non-phototrophically produced silicas increase the Si output of the ocean to 12.8 TmolSi yr−1, which accounts for a previously ignored sink that is necessary to adequately assess the global balance of the marine Si cycle.

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GROUP OF AQUATIC MACROPHYTE ECOLOGY (GAME)

Head of Research Group: Mateo MĂ­nguez, Miguel Ă ngel

GAME has pioneered in the study of the carbon cycle associated to coastal vegetated ecosystems. Emphasis is made in the phenomenon of refractory accumulation of organic carbon during centuries or millennia in their sediments. Our studies triggered the nowadays worldwide spread and fertile research field of Blue Carbon, of which GAME is considered a reference group. Taking advantage of the high chronological coherence in the accumulation of those highly organic sediments and their exceptional state of preservation, we also aim at studying long-term changes in the ecosystems at the land-ocean interface using a multiproxy palaeo-ecological approach. With an integrative, inclusive and collaborative vocation, GAME makes incursions in a wide variety of scientific disciplines such as biogeochemistry, molecular biology, edaphology, geophysics, palaeo-ecology, palynology, microbiology, genetics, or archaeology.

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//ANNUAL REPORT 2016//

Missing in the picture: Roser Ventosa (Staff Technician). Candela Marco (Hired Technician). Oscar Serrano (External Collaborator). Paul Lavery (External Collaborator).

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PROJECTS BLUE NATURA. Andalusian blue carbon for climate change mitigation: quantification and valorization mechanisms Principal Investigator: Miguel Ángel Mateo Entity: European Union (Life) Budget: 859.431 Years: 2016-2019

SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTION PAPERS Belshe, Fay E.; Sanjuan, José; LeivaDueñas, Carmen; Piñeiro Juncal, Nerea; Serrano, Oscar; Lavery, Paul S.; Mateo, Miguel Ángel. Modeling Organic Carbon Accumulation Rates and Residence Times in Coastal Vegetated Ecosystems. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 124 : 3652-3671 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/199981 Kaal, Joeri; Serrano, Oscar; Martínez Cortizas, Antonio; BaldocK, Jeff; Lavery, Paul S. Millennial-scale changes in the molecular composition of Posidonia australis seagrass deposits: Implications for Blue Carbon sequestration. Organic Geochemistry 137 : 103898 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/195752

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Lafratta, A.; Serrano, Oscar; Masqué, Pere; Mateo, Miguel Ángel; Fernandes, M.; Gaylard, S; Lavery, Paul S. Seagrass soil archives reveal centennial-scale metal smelter contamination while acting as natural filters. Science of the Total Environment 649 : 1381-1392 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/178112 Saderne, V.; Geraldi, N. R.; Macreadie, Peter I.; Maher, D. T.; Middelburg, J. J.; Serrano, O.; Almahasheer, Hanan; AriasOrtiz,Ariane; Cusack, Michael; Eyre, B. D.; Fourqurean, James W.; Kennedy, Hilary; Krause-Jensen, Dorte; Kuwae, T.; Lavery, Paul S.; Lovelock, Catherine, E.; Marbà, Núria; Masqué, Pere; Mateo, Miguel Ángel; Mazarrasa, Inés; McGlathery, K.

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Australian vegetated coastal ecosystems as global hotspots for climate change mitigation. Serrano, Oscar; Lovelock, Catherine; Atwood, Trisha; Macreadie, Peter I.; Canto, R.; Phinn, Stuart; Arias-Ortiz, Ariane; Bai, L.; Baldock, Jeff; Bedulli, C.; Carnell, Paul E.; Connolly, Rod M.; Donaldson, P.; Esteban, A.; Ewers Lewis, C. J.; Eyre, B. D.; Hayes, M. A.; Horwitz, P.; Hutley, L. B.; Kavazos, Christopher R.J.; Kelleway, Jeffrey J.; Kendrick, Gary A.; Kilminster, Kieryn; Lafratta, A.; Lee, S.; Lavery, Paul S.; Maher, D. T.; Marbà, Núria; Masqué, Pere; Mateo, Miguel Ángel; Mount, R.; Ralph, P. J.; Roelfsema, C.; Rozaimi, M.; Ruhon, R.; Salinas, C.; Samper-Villarreal, Jimena; Sanderman, J.; Sanders, Christian J.; Santos, Isaac; Sharples, C.; Steven, Andy D. L.; Cannard, T.; Trevathan-Tackett, S. M.; Duarte, Carlos M. Nature Communications 10(1-2) : 4313 (2019)

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Policies aiming to preserve vegetated coastal ecosystems (VCE; tidal marshes, mangroves and seagrasses) to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions require national assessments of blue carbon resources. Here, we present organic carbon (C) storage in VCE across Australian climate regions and estimate potential annual CO2 emission benefits of VCE conservation and restoration.Australia contributes 5–11% of the C stored in VCE globally (70–185 Tg C in aboveground biomass, and 1,055–1,540 Tg C in the upper 1 m of soils). Potential CO2 emissions from current VCE losses are estimated at 2.1–3.1 Tg CO2-e yr-1, increasing annual CO2 emissions from land use change in Australia by 12–21%. This assessment, the most comprehensive for any nation to-date, demonstrates the potential of conservation and restoration of VCE to underpin national policy development for reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

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J.; Oreska, M. P. J.; Sanders, Christian J.; Santos, I. R.; Smoak, J. M.; Tanaya, T.; Watanabe, K.; Duarte, C. M. Role of carbonate burial in Blue Carbon budgets. Nature Communications 10: 1106 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/handle/10261/178104 Serrano, Oscar; Lovelock, Catherine; Atwood, Trisha; Macreadie, Peter I.; Canto, R.; Phinn, Stuart; Arias-Ortiz, Ariane; Bai, L.; Baldock, Jeff; Bedulli, C.; Carnell, Paul E.; Connolly, Rod M.; Donaldson, P.; Esteban, A.; Ewers Lewis, C. J.; Eyre, B. D.; Hayes, M. A.; Horwitz, P.; Hutley, L. B.; Kavazos, Christopher R.J.; Kelleway, Jeffrey J.; Kendrick, Gary

A.; Kilminster, Kieryn; Lafratta, A.; Lee, S.; Lavery, Paul S.; Maher, D. T.; Marbà, Núria; Masqué, Pere; Mateo, Miguel Ángel; Mount, R.; Ralph, P. J.; Roelfsema, C.; Rozaimi, M.; Ruhon, R.; Salinas, C.; Samper-Villarreal, Jimena; Sanderman, J.; Sanders, Christian J.; Santos, Isaac; Sharples, C.; Steven, Andy D. L.; Cannard, T.; Trevathan-Tackett, S. M.; Duarte, Carlos M. Australian vegetated coastal ecosystems as global hotspots for climate change mitigation Nature Communications 10(1-2) : 4313 (2019). https://digital.csic.es/ handle/10261/192512

CONGRESSES & CONFERENCES Diaz Almela, E.; Piñeiro Juncal, N.; Leiva Dueñas, C.; García-Orellana, J.; Frigola, J.; Soler, M.; Benjumea-Novalbos, D.; Bruach-Menchén, J.; Serrano, O.; Belshe, E.; Lavery, P.; Vasquez-Loarte, A.; Pagès Fauria, J.; Giralt, S.; Hernández Carrero, I.; Masque, P.; Mateo, M. A. A blue carbon inventory: stocks and fluxes for the region of Andalusia (sw Mediterranean). ASLO 2019 Aquatic Sciences Meeting. Planet Water. Challenges and Successes. 01/03/2019. Puerto Rico. ORAL Leiva Dueñas, C.; Piñeiro-Juncal, N.; Díaz-Almela, E.; Serrano,O.; Belshe, F.; Lavery, P.; Martínez-Cortizas, A.; Mateo, M. A. Factors influencing long-term blue carbon accumulation in seagrasses meadows along andalusian coast: a paleo-perspective. ASLO 2019 Aquatic Sciences Meeting. Planet Water. Challenges and Successes. 01/03/2019. Puerto Rico. ORAL Mateo, M. A.; Diaz Almela, E.; Mendoza, R.; Vivas, S.; Piñeiro-Juncal, N.; Leiva Dueñas, C.; Otero, M.; Peñalver, P.; León, D.; Alhama, M.; Gómez, A.; Moreno, D.;

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Barrajón, A.; de la Rosa, J.; Remón, J.; Fernández, M.; Arroyo, M.; Giralt, S.; Serrano, O.; Belshe, E.; Lavery, P.; Sans,A.; Alaman, M.; Monnier, B. The project “Life Blue Natura”: getting muddy to clear the path of blue carbon to the emission offset systems. ASLO 2019 Aquatic Sciences Meeting. Planet Water. Challenges and Successes. 01/03/2019. Puerto Rico. ORAL Pagès, Jordi F.; Mateo, Miguel Ángel; McKinley, Emma; McKinley, Emma; Skov, Martin W. Resilience of carbon sequestration to ecosystem transitions. 1st Meeting of the Iberian Ecological Society & XIV AEET Meeting. 06/02/2019. Spain. ORAL Piñeiro Juncal, N.; Diaz-Almela, E.; Leiva-Dueñas, C.; Deulofeu, O.; Soler, M.; Benjumea, D.; Giralt, S.; Frigola, J.; Martinez-Cortizas, A.; Serrano, O.; Lavery, P.; Mateo, M. A. Sedimentary processes as a control of blue carbon stocks and fluxes: a study case from the spanish andalusian coasts. ASLO 2019 Aquatic Sciences Meeting. Planet Water. Challenges and Successes. 01/03/2019. Puerto Rico. ORAL


Leiva-Dueñas, Carmen; Leavitt, Peter ; Buchaca, Teresa; Martínez Cortizas, Antonio; Piñeiro-Juncal, Nerea; Lavery, Paul S.; Mateo, Miguel Ángel. 2000 years of changes in primary producers communities using Posidonia oceanica (L. Delile) mat sediments: chronology and driving factors. INQUA. 25/07/2019. Ireland

Piñeiro-Juncal, Nerea; Leiva-Dueñas, Carmen; Serrano, Oscar; Mateo, Miguel Ángel; Martínez-Cortizas, Antonio. Autogenic and allogenic processes involved in the formation of Posidonia oceanica environmental record. INQUA. 25/07/2019. Ireland

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COMMUNICATION AND OUTREACH SERVICE

The CEAB outreach programs for a non-scientific audience

The CEAB 2019 outreach program aims to explain the role of scientists in our society, contributing to the social understanding of the relevance of research and, in particular, providing general knowledge on science and research related to aquatic ecology.

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Having this objective in mind, the CEAB has organized and participated throughout the year in numerous dissemination activities to promote scientific knowledge and to achieve a public commitment with research.


//ANNUAL REPORT 2016// One of our most celebrated activities is our participation in the Science Week, where year after year we organize multiple activities to bring our work closer to the general public. During these days we scheduled the Open Doors Days, with the participation of more than 450 students of Secondary and high school, as well as about 65 people in the free visits for general public. Besides, Dr Kike Ballesteros (staff member of the CEAB that participates in the National Geographic’s Pristine Seas project), filled the Plenary Hall of Blanes City Council with his presentation of the documentary “Malpelo” that included an open talk on the wildlife of this tropical Pacific island. Another unmissable event on our calendar is the “Pint of Science”, an annual international science festival that takes our researchers to bars and pubs in Blanes to present their research. This year our activities were attended by about 150 people, who were able to follow the different talks (how pollution affects brain, the dependence of many organisms on silicon, the ways in which Posidonia meadows capture and retain CO2, and doubts and myths on the Tordera river). CEAB has also been very active in Citizen Science. One of our most important projects is Microplastic Watchers, which works with more than sixty schools in Catalonia and the Balearic Islands to diagnose the microplastic beach pollution. This is an initiative of the Observadors del Mar platform that we coordinate together with three CSIC institutes in Catalonia and the Balearic Islands. We also lead the Big Mosquito Bytes initiative, which combines citizen science with other massive data sources to develop innovative models to predict the risk of epidemics transmitted by certain types of mosquitoes, as well as to visualize this risk

in real time. In another context, from the CEAB (where half of the staff are women), we are working to signify the role of women scientists in research, scheduling different activities both on International Women’s Day and in the International Day of Women and Girls in Science. We have contributed by bringing our researchers closer to different schools so that they share with the students not only what their research is, but also their experiences, what motivated them to study science, or what has led them to end up dedicating themselves to science. The relevance of the women scientists was also made evident with the exhibition “Women in Limnology”, which was born from the firm will of 20 volunteers belonging to the Gender and Science group of the Iberian Limnology Association to make visible the role and situation of woman in the study of limnology. Three of them are from the CEAB. We also have ongoing projects that have a strong media impact as they are rigorous topicality themes, such as beach erosion, where we study its causes and consequences, together with the solutions that are provided by science. We are also working on Blue Carbon, the carbon assimilated and stored by marine and coastal ecosystems, which represent large natural carbon sinks, very important in fitting against global climate change. The CEAB has also been significant during 2019 by organizing or co-organizing symposia such as the EPhD Ecological Symposium or the 1st Iberian Ecological Society Meeting, where a wide variety of topics were shared, all related to Ecology . In short, a year full of proposals that project the CEAB as one of the leading and reference research institutes in Spain.

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RELEVANT DISSEMINATION ACTIVITIES THE WEEKLY RADIO PROGRAM OF CEAB CELEBRATES ITS SECOND SEASON Our communication manager and responsible, Anna Oliver, authors the weekly program ‘Brots de ciència’ broadcasted on the radio, dedicated to scientific research and dissemination activities of CEAB. ‘Brots de ciència’ brings the science that we do in our center to the nearest public. We talk about issues related to aquatic systems, the big impact studies, or current and more local cases.

de Mar, Calella, Canet de Mar, Malgrat de Mar, Palafolls and Tordera, with the support of La Xarxa de Comunicació Local of the Diputació de Barcelona.

The program is on air every Friday at 12 a.m. and 7 a.m. on Ràdio Blanes, and every Monday at 6 p.m. on Ràdio Tordera, and it triggered new interviews in other radio platforms like Ona Maresme. Ona Maresme is produced jointly by the radio stations of Mataró, Premià PROJECTS IN CITIZEN SCIENCE The CEAB has been having a clear commitment for Citizen Science projects for years. In this sense, the 2019 has been key in the process of consolidating the Observadores del Mar platform (coordinated jointly with the Institute of Marine Sciences - ICM - and the Mediterranean Institute for Advanced Studies - IMEDEA). The platform has begun a new stage allied with the largest marine conservation project in Europe, LIFE INTEMARES (coordinated by the Biodiversity Foundation of the

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Ministry for Ecological Transition and Demographic Challenge). The aim is to promote marine citizen science in the five Catalan marine areas, in order to contribute to enhance social participation in improving the management of marine areas of the Natura 2000 Network. From the CEAB we contribute to projects, research and coordination to strengthen the community of Observadores del Mar and promote this platform into a reference in marine conservation.


CEAB’S OPEN DAY DOORS The Open Doors Day at the end of November, as part of the Science Week, is being a key event year after year, raising awareness on how scientific research is advancing in the fields of biology and ecology. This year, more than 450 high school students have visited the CEAB

and its laboratories, learning about projects and methodologies used in our research. This activity especially excited us because it really brings us closer to students while, at the same time, trying to awaken their scientific concerns.

During 2019, activities such as the Pint of Science in Blanes have been consolidated. The public, loyal, already knows and expects these days, where there have been more than remarkable audiences (120 people). Documentary screenings and forums or sessions in high schools during Women’s and Girls ’Day in Science have also become a tradition, where about 400 infant, primary and secondary education students met our researchers. At the same time, new collaborations have emerged to promote marine research and conservation, such as the Cycle of Talks and Cocktails on Posidonia oceanica, promoted by a fashion cocktail bar in Blanes with the intention

of getting society to know better the particular nature of the meadows of this Mediterranean endemic marine phanerogam.

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elease sr

Pre s

s

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09/04/2020

18/04/2019

Sea urchins ’fear from predators is key to the health of underwater algae forests

The tiger mosquito uses cars to expand

21/06/2019 Underwater deserts are expanding across the temperate seas of the world

24/07/2019.Pouring pruning residues or waste from the brewing process into the water allows to remove nitrates from rivers and seas

29/07/2019

09/08/2019

Underwater seagrass meadows show signs of recovery in Europe

A large number of microplastics are detected in the protected area of the Menorca canal

27/08/2019

08/10/2019

20/11/2019

Sponge skeletons are important silicon sinks in the global ocean

It is necessary to treat the different fishing modalities as different fisheries

More than 60% of the waste that accumulates in the sea is microplastics


//ANNUAL REPORT Pr2016// e

ss

Impact

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s La Vanguardia 22.01.2019

Disacalia 14.02.2019

Nou Diari 01-03-2019

La Razรณn 09.04.2019

El Punt-Avui 25.05.2019

El Periodico 18.06.2019

EFEVERDE 04.07.2019

Diari de Girona 12.08.2019

La Vanguardia 18.08.2019

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294

Diario Sur 26.08.2019

Diari de Girona 02.09.2019

Regiรณ 7 21.12.2019

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El Norte de Castilla 26.08.2019

Ecoticias 29.08.2019

Ecoavant 24.10.2019

La Vanguardia 08.11.2019

El Espectador 23.12.2019

Tiempo 28.12.2019


//ANNUAL REPORT 2016//

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Carrer AccĂŠs Cala Sant Francesc, 14, 17300 Blanes, Girona Tel. 972 - 33 61 01 Fax. 972 - 33 78 06 Web: www.ceab.csic.es

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Profile for CEAB-CSIC

Annual Report 2019 CEAB-CSIC  

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