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Volume LXXXXVII, No. 12

Liberty, NY – December, 2016

Nearly 200 folks celebrated the hard work 4-H youth accomplished all year long during Achievement Day at Beth-

Upcoming Programs 4-H Youth Winter Workshops

(USPS) 525 - 100

A Message from the Executive Director Farm Grant Opportunities Ag & Farmland Protection Board Vacancy Veterinary Feed Directive Changes DHI Report Winter Gardening Tips & DIY Decorations Save Energy & Money This Winter Complete Streets December is National Pear Month Feeding Hungry Tummies: Curb Food Waste Talking to Your Physician Parenting an Anxious or Stressed Child

Winter Poinsettia Sale

CCESC 102nd Annual Meeting Save Energy, Save Dollars Workshops 4-H Youth Snowmobile Safety Course Artisan Cheese-Making 3 Day Training Intergenerational Textile Group Project Launch We Connect Afterschool Program 4-H Youth International Night Farm Law 101

See page 1 6 for a complete list.

Happy Holidays!

Andrew Turner, Director of NYS 4-H Youth Development to speak at Annual Meeting.

Message from the Executive Director


Parenting an Anxious or Stressed Child


NYS New Farmer Grant


In Case You Missed It


Ag & Farmland Protection Board Vacancy


Upcoming Programs & Events


Veterinary Feed Directive Changes


CCESC Spotlights


Winter Gardening Tips & DIY Decorations


Winter Poinsettia Sale


2017 Scholarship Opportunities


Save Energy & Money This Winter


Calico Geese Quilting Community Group News


Complete Streets


Fast Facts & News to Use


December is National Pear Month


Member Exchange


Feeding Hungry Tummies: Curb Food Waste




Talking to Your Physician


Christmas Tree Farm Directory


Necessary Business The Extension Connection (USPS-525-100) is published monthly for $25.00 enrollment by Cornell Cooperative Extension of Sullivan County, located at 64 Ferndale-Loomis Road, Suite 1, Liberty, NY 12754-2903. Entered at Liberty, New York, as a periodical class matter. Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 412, Act of February 24, 1925. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Extension Connection, 64 Ferndale-Loomis Road, Suite 1, Liberty, NY 12754-.

Extension Connection Sullivan County Edited by: Nicole Slevin & Colleen Monaghan Layout & Design by: Nicole Slevin Produced at Cornell Cooperative Extension Sullivan County

2016 Board of Directors Donna Willi..……..…...…..………….………..………..President Earl Myers…………..…….………………….........Vice President Pamela Rourke……………………………...…………...Secretary Glenn Pontier…………………………...…….…………Treasurer Dawn Boyes Amy Erlwein Christopher Gozza Sonja Hedlund Robert Kaplan Steve Mogel Edward Moran Klu Padu Luisa Parker Janet Threshman Terri Ward, Legislative Rep. Cooperative Extension in New York State provides Equal Program and Employment Opportunities. New York State College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, New York State College of Human Ecology, and New York State College of Veterinary Medicine at Cornell University, Cooperative Extension Associations, County Governing Bodies, and the United States Department of Agriculture, cooperating.

NOTICE: Official endorsement of advertisers and their products is not intended by the acceptance of their advertisements for the Extension Connection.

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Regular Office Hours 8:30 am to 4:30 pm | Monday-Friday Phone: 845-292-6180 | Fax: 845-292-4946 Website: www.sullivancce.or g Email: sullivan@cor

Staff Members Colleen Monaghan...…..………...…..…………...Executive Director SueAnn Boyd……….…………….…..Healthy Schools Coordinator Wanda Cruz………….………….Healthy Communities Coordinator Emily Devore..……….………....Healthy Communities Coordinator Dayna Gaeta………………….Community Horticulture Coordinator Marylin Jones...……….………...…….….4-H Program Coordinator Bonnie Lewis……….….…........................Dependent Care Educator Michelle Lipari………….……………………....Ag & 4-H Educator Vincent LoCascio…….…......ESNY Community Nutrition Educator Erica Lynch ……….………….……...Catskills Kitchen Coordinator Melinda Meddaugh……………...Ag & Food Systems Team Leader Nicole Slevin………………………...…..Communications Manager Kaitlyn Smith………………....Administrative & Program Assistant Tara VanHorn...…………..…..……………….…..Finance Manager Sean Welsh……...………..……….....Energy & Consumer Educator John Wilcox……...…….………….....Building & Grounds Manager

Extension Connection

December, 2016

Colleen Monaghan, Executive Director Dear friends of Extension, November was certainly an interesting month for people and institutions in our community. I don’t usually comment on election cycles, other than to remind folks to exercise their awesome and absolute privilege to vote. The only way government institutions, including Cornell Cooperative Extension, serve a meaningful purpose for the electorate, is if there is an engaged and participatory constituency. In the latest cycle, voter turnout was the lowest it’s been in two decades. Nationwide and local news networks are reporting stories of a divided nation; and groups of students, including at Cornell University, are expressing their discontent with a messy democratic system on campuses all across the country. I’ve even received some calls from our local constituency asking what Cornell’s opinion on the current state is. And so, it’s important in my note to you this month to remind everyone who we are and what we do. For 103 years, Cornell Cooperative Extension Sullivan County’s directive from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), the National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA), and Cornell University as Agent of the New York State land grant system set up under the Morrill Acts of 1862, 1890, and 1994, is to bring local experience and land grant research together to make people’s lives better in the areas of economic vitality, ecological sustainability, and social well-being.

ship with local, state, and federal governments. As a system, Extension does not adopt a particular party’s or candidate’s platform, nor does Extension endorse parties or candidates. Maintaining this impartiality is vital for both employees and volunteers”.

hope throughout each year, election season or not, is that elected officials continue to see the valuable role Extension brings to local communities, and supports the system through policy and funding directives for our various program areas.

Now of course, everyone has a right and an obligation to make their voices heard. Participation in the process is something we at Extension encourage, even though we don’t endorse sides. Cooperative Extension’s role, and that of Cornell University’s publically funded College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (CALS) and College of Human Ecology (CHE) is to share current research findings, science, and data, so debate and discussion are enriched and informed by science, not just emotion.

Cornell Cooperative Extension Sullivan County is committed to diversity, inclusion, and equal opportunity in the development of our policies, programs, procedures, and practices and commits to providing a safe space for our constituents to learn, grow, and contribute to Sullivan County. We extend the knowledge of the land grant system through our programs and work to be responsive to changing needs and opportunities. This is our message to you, our constituents, and our fellow public servants.

So to bring it back around to folks who might have been confused about your local CCE’s take on the recent election cycle, as an organization, nothing has changed. You can trust us to work with you to find solutions to your day-today challenges, and to help Sullivan County be a great place for people to live, work, play, pray, and visit. Our

With that, I hope your December is filled with love and light, and that you are surrounded by family as you bring in the new year. Look out for our annual report in January, and please share it with the people you know. Until then, cheers to the new year!

We have, and will continue to do this, by offering educational workshops, outreach events, individual technical assistance, written materials, and discussion forums in a variety of life areas to Sullivan County. Officially, we are “a non-partisan system that depends on a strong relationDecember, 2016

Photo credit: Barry Lewis Extension Connection

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Submitted by Melinda Meddaugh, Agriculture & Food Systems Team Leader Program Purpose: New Yor k State has allocated $1 million in the 20162017 state budget for the third round of the NYS New Farmers Grant Fund. Its purpose is to provide grants to support beginning farmers who have chosen farming as a career and who materially and substantially participate in the production of an agricultural product on their farm. These grants will help farmers improve profitability resulting in the growth of agribusiness and the concomitant tax revenues within the state. The program has provided nearly $1.4 million to farmers since 2014. Program Highlights: The New Yor k State New Farmers Grant Fund will help farmers improve farm profitability through one or both of the following goals:  Expanding agricultural production, diversifying agricultural production

The Sullivan County Agricultural and Farmland Protection Board (AFPB) was established by the Sullivan County Legislature in 1992. Under Article 25AA of the New York State Agriculture and Markets Law, counties are required to establish agricultural and farmland protection boards to assist in review of public land acquisition, review of non-farm projects within New York State Certified Agricultural Districts, formation and review of Agricultural Districts, and the development and implementation of county and municipal agricultural and farmland protection plans. The AFPB generally meets quarterly. During the thirty-day window to include viable agricultural land into the NYS Certified Agricultural Districts, which occurs annually in April, members meet more frequently and particiPage 4

and/or extending the agricultural season;  Advancing innovative agricultural techniques that increase sustainable practices such as organic farming, food safety, reduction of farm waste and/or water use. Grants may provide a minimum of $15,000 and a maximum of $50,000 for up to 50% of total project costs. The remaining 50% must be matched by the recipient. Eligible sources of recipient match are limited to cash, lines of credit and loans. Other grant funds may not be used as matching funds. For any award the total project cost must be at least twice the request. Eligibility: A far m oper ation located wholly within New York State which produces an agricultural product as defined by the Guidelines; The farm operation must have a minimum of $10,000 in farm income from

pate in site visits to evaluate applications for inclusion into the Agricultural Districts. In addition, during the eightyear comprehensive review of an Agricultural District, members meet to review proposed modifications and prepare recommendations for the County Legislature. The board is responsible for overseeing the implementation of the Ag & Farmland Protection Plan. New terms for members are four years, after appointment and confirmation by the Sullivan County Legislature. There are currently 2 open positions:  One position for an active farmer  One position for an active farmer and/or other agricultural stakeholder and/or stakeholder from an organization dedicated to agricultural land preservation

Extension Connection

sales of products grown or raised on the applicant's farm operation as reflected in either personal or business 2015 tax returns; All owners must be New York State Residents of at least 18 years of age; As of April 1, 2016, all owners must be in the first ten years of having an ownership interest in any farm operation; All owners must materially and substantially participate in the day-to-day production of an agricultural product grown or raised on the farm operation. Eligible Expenditures: Eligible costs include the purchase of new or used machinery and equipment, supplies, and/or construction or improvement of physical structures used exclusively for agricultural purposes. Applications due postmarked by 1/27/17. Grant awards announced in the spring. newfarmersgrantfund.html

The term “active farmer” is defined by the AFPB as a person who actively farms land that he or she either owns or rents, and that falls within one of the following categories:  Not less than seven acres of land used as a single operation for the production for sale of crops, livestock or livestock products of an average gross sales value of ten thousand dollars or more; or,  Less than seven acres used as a single operation for the production for sale of crops, livestock, or livestock products of an average gross sales value of $50,000 or more. Interested? Send a letter of inter est and statement of qualifications to AnnMarie Martin, Clerk to the Sullivan County Legislature, Government Center, 100 North Street, PO Box 5012, Monticello, NY 12701 by 12/12/2016. December, 2016

Submitted by Michelle Lipari, Agriculture & 4-H Educator | Written by Rob Lynch, DVM, PRO-DAIRY Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) changes go into effect this January. Most in the dairy industry are aware of recent guidance coming from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as part of the agency’s policies on judicious use of medically important antimicrobial drugs. As the final phase of implementation approaches, we remind everyone what has changed regarding feed -use and water-use antibiotic products which had been purchased over the counter (OTC).  A VFD is a written (nonverbal) statement issued by a licensed veterinarian in the course of the veterinarian’s professional practice that authorizes the use of a VFD drug or combination VFD drug in or on an animal feed.  What is a VFD drug? A drug intended for use in or on animal feed that is limited to use under the professional supervision of a licensed veterinarian. The product label will bear the statement “Caution: Federal law restricts medicated feed containing this veterinary feed directive (VFD) drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian.”  All feed efficiency and growth promotion uses are prohibited for products requiring a VFD. All medically important antibiotic con-

taining feeds will be for therapeutic uses only. Feed products containing chlortetracycline, neomycin, oxytetracycline, sulfamethazine, tylosin & virginiamycin will transition from OTC to VFD status requiring a written order from a veterinarian with a valid veterinary-clientpatient relationship (VCPR) with the producer. These written orders must contain specific information and copies retained by the veterinarian, producer, and feed supplier for two years. As has always been the case, extra label drug use (ELDU) is not permitted for drugs intended for use in or on animal feed. Only uses specifically stated on the product label are permitted. In order for the VFD to be lawful, the issuing veterinarian must meet the VCPR requirements set by the state(s) in which he/she practices. If the state does not have its own VCPR criteria (which New York does not), the veterinarian must adhere to the Federal standard. For a VCPR to exist, a veterinarian has assumed the responsibility for making medical judgments regarding the health of (an) animal(s) and the need for medical treatment, and the client (owner or other caretaker) has agreed to follow the in-



structions of the veterinarian. The veterinarian must have sufficient knowledge of the animal(s) to initiate at least a general or preliminary diagnosis of the medical condition of the animal(s); and is readily available for follow up in case of adverse reactions or failure of the regimen of therapy. Such a relationship can exist only when the veterinarian has recently seen and is personally acquainted with the keeping and care of the animal(s) by virtue of examination of the animal(s), and/or by medically appropriate and timely visits to the premises where the animal(s) are kept. All water-use products containing medically important antibiotics will require a prescription. Antibiotics not classified as medically important in human medicine are not affected. This includes ionophore containing products like Rumensin and Bovatec, unless they are included in an approved combination mix with a VFD regulated product. All VFDs must be issued with an expiration date in accordance with the product’s approval or shorter as determined by the veterinarian. If no stated duration appears on the label, the VFD cannot be issued for more than a six month duration. Not sure if you are currently feeding a product that will transition to VFD Jan 1st? Talk to your veterinarian and nutritionist to check.

More Information: DevelopmentApprovalProcess/ ucm071807.htm Additional Resources:  The North Dakota State Veterinary Feed Directive report  The NYS Cattle Health Assurance Program’s Veterinary/Farm Residue Prevention module December, 2016

Extension Connection

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Submitted by Dayna Gaeta, Community Horticulture Program Educator | Written by Dr. Leonard Perry and Charlie Nardozzi Keeping cyclamen cool and evenly moist, poinsettias warm and away from drafts, and making gardening gift baskets are some of the garden-related activities for this month. Cyclamen are a flowering holiday plant, most often seen during this time of year and winter. The rounded dark leaves usually have silvery markings, and the unique flowers arise above the leaves. Flowers come in reds, purples, pink, or white, and last for weeks with proper care. New buds then arise, so you can get months of bloom. Cyclamen like it cool -- right next to the heater isn't an ideal location. Temperatures in the 60s (F), even 50s, are good. The small tuber is susceptible to rotting so if you have the time, water by submerging the pot in bowl of water until the soil takes up enough moisture, then remove. Otherwise, water slowly so it seeps in and doesn't sit on the tuber. Make sure the pot doesn’t sit in a saucer filled with water. Give cyclamen bright light. As flowers and foliage fade, you can give the plant a rest by withholding water and keeping it in a cool, dark location until new growth begins.

Natural holiday decorations such as roping, swags, wreaths, and table arrangements are not hard to make. You will catch on to the simple principles quickly, and in a short time your results may surprise everyone, including yourself. You can be proud of the decorations you made, giving your home a truly festive spirit and even involving family or friends too.

Most of the materials you need are inexpensive, or free for the asking, in Page 6

Poinsettias are the typical holiday plants all know and see and they, too, will last with proper care. Poinsettias prefer to be more dry than wet, so if in doubt, don’t water. They like it warmer than cyclamen, but don’t like drafts near doors nor too near heat sources like woodstoves. Keep away from pets or children that may chew on leaves. Although NOT toxic, the white sticky sap may cause illness. What gardener on your holiday gift list wouldn't appreciate a decorative basket or pot filled with handy gardening items? Plus, they're fun to put together. Some items to consider include pruners, an ergonomic trowel, fragrant soap, hand lotion, seeds, plant tags, paper white narcissus bulbs, rain gauge, decorative plant labels, and water-resistant gloves. Use a large decorative pot, colorful plastic garden “trug”, or basket; all useful too. There are many garden books to choose from for gift ideas, both instructive how-to ones and others to inspire. Consider a couple of references by the authors—The Fruit Gardener’s Bible and Northeast Fruit and Vegetable Gardening.

The faux clay pots made of insulated plastic are handy for adding a touch of greenery next to your front door, as are hanging baskets. Don’t use clay; it will absorb water and crack in cold temperatures. Use a 12 or 14-inch size pot or larger, and fill with old soil, peat moss, bark mulch, or whatever material you have on hand that will anchor branches. Prune some branches off evergreen trees and shrubs to use in the container, adding other greens and berries from local nurseries or florists, and some tiny white lights. Branches of holly berries add color among greenery outside, until they freeze and turn black. Some faux branches of berries look remarkably real, and who's going to know when they are covered with a dusting of snow? There are many other types of upright, glittery or decorative accessories to add that you can find at florist, craft, and home stores. Other garden-related activities for this month include buying some local fir swags or roping for decorating, cutting your own Christmas tree, keeping bird feeders replenished daily, potting some paperwhite narcissus or amaryllis bulbs, and checking houseplants for pests.

many locales. But remember to get permission before cutting branches or fruits on someone else's land! Your local florist also should have natural materials, both local and from warmer climates. Tree farms are a good source of greenery, or even undecorated products you can then decorate yourself. Check our website or on the back of this newsletter for a local directory.

and boughs are the most important. You may be surprised at how much material goes into even small decorations. If you have a cool, moist spot free of drafts for storage, you can start gathering greens as early as Thanksgiving. For longest life, keep them away from heat, wind, and sun.

For plant materials, evergreen twigs

(Continued on page 8.)

Extension Connection

The most common evergreens include balsam fir (the most common), spruce (needles don't last as long as fir and are

December, 2016

December, 2016

Extension Connection

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(Continued from page 6.) prickly), white pine, and hemlock (needles will drop in dry air). Other less commonly used evergreens are white cedar or arborvitae (foliage fades to yellow in a few weeks), red cedar and other wild junipers (sharp needles, so use sparingly to add variety, color, texture, and form), and broad-leaved evergreens like rhododendrons. One caution about using yew (or taxus) is that all plant parts are poisonous, especially the attractive seeds. Look for a few branches of yellow-leaved evergreens for some color, such as certain variegated yews, gold-thread false cypress, old-gold juniper, or one of the gold arborvitae. Other plant parts you can use for interest, and to give arrangements a New England "country" appearance include cones, grasses, pods, and berries. The latter can be found in many colors. For red or orange, try winterberry, sumac, crabapples, hawthorn, and mountain ash. For a touch of blue, use nannyberry, arrowwood, or junipers, and for yellow, crabapples. Florist shops may carry more exotic plant parts such as lotus pods (which can be sprayed colors), holly (both for berries and leaves), mistletoe, and various greens (such as boxwood or western cedar). Some people like to add artificial decorations like bells, balls, and fake berries to their natural arrangements. Red ribbons are also popular, although hundreds of other styles and color combinations of ribbons are available. If using outdoors, make sure you select a ribbon rated for that use. Keep the width in proportion to the size of the arrangement. In addition to plants and other decorative materials, wreaths require a wire, foam, or straw wreath form or a coat hanger bent into a circle. Rope or

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thick, coarse twine makes a good base for garlands or roping.

florist pick, then stuck in the foam. Follow the same design principles as you would if arranging flowers.

Other essentials include a pair of clippers or utility scissors, florist picks (to hold greens to straw bases), and florist wire. The latter is a thin green wire, available in several widths, that is used to hold everything together, such as cones to wreaths, greens to frames or rope, and decorations to walls.

A door swag is simple. Take several branches of a desired length, usually 2 feet or so, and tie together to hang upside down. Then tie a shorter branch or two on top, upright. Where these all tie together, place a bow, group or cones, or other ornamentation.

The range of decorations you can make reaches far beyond what you may think is possible. Arrangements for sale in florist shops may give you ideas, as can browsing through holiday magazines and online sites. So, don't hesitate to try out new ideas. Just keep in mind that whatever you make should be in proportion to, and harmonize with, the surroundings.

If you want to use candles, use decorative lanterns to keep candles away from the greens (which, when dry, can be quite flammable), then decorate around these with greenery and color. Get a mould for making a luminary of ice, and place greens and berries in the water before freezing. These, with a candle inside, make an elegant table decoration for a special dinner.

To make wreaths or ropings, you will need individual branchlets or bundles of them. Simply cut small branch pieces four to six inches in length from main branches, and wire or pin them directly to the frames. Or you can wire several together into a bundle, then wire the bundle to the base.

If you have a stairway and banister, hang a grouping or two of greens and berries from the upright supports. Create a winter or holiday scene in a terrarium. Make a fairy garden with a holiday theme. Fill a wooden bowl or basket with an assortment of cones and nuts.

Overlap one branchlet or bundle over the cut ends of the last to hide them and the wire or rope base. Proceed down the rope or around the frame in this manner. Finally, once the greens are secured, add a bow and a few ornaments of interest, such as cones, berries, or artificial decorations.

If you have large containers that remain outside over winter, decorate these too. If you can do so prior to the soil freezing solid, insert branches of greenery, red-twig dogwood branches, or glittery decorations. If the soil in these has frozen, you may need to get out a power drill to make the holes!

To make a table arrangement, start with a wet block of florist foam, either free standing or cut to fit a basket or other decorative container. Use a saucer under the wet foam, unless the container is water tight. Place sprigs of green in the foam, followed by natural ornaments such as berries and artificial ornaments. Berries can be wired to a

Many other decorations are possible using wire or foam bases in the shapes of candy canes, cones, or balls, among others. You’ll find these online or at local craft stores. Simply follow the above procedures and your own creativity!

Extension Connection

December, 2016

Submitted by Sean Welsh, Energy & Consumer Educator There are a number of different ways to save energy and money as the cold months set in. This is the perfect time of year to assess your home for air leaks and drafts and for taking up additional low or no cost energy actions that will reduce your energy load while saving you money.

those same drapes at night.

placed. Limit the use of portable space heaters and do not leave them unattended. Next, assess your common area seating Never use ovens as a heating source; it is arrangements and make sure furniture is extremely dangerous as well as ineffiremoved from drafty areas. If you have cient. considerable drafts, installing plastic securely over the insides of windows can Using these tips, you can save energy and assist with those air leaks. Feel around money this winter! windows and doors for drafts and replace For more detailed information regardinsulation and air sealing materials where ing insulating, air sealing, and weatherneeded. Consider door sweeps, rubber stripping, Cornell fact sheets are availtape, weather-stripping, and caulking to able at: seal up those leaky areas. Take shorter showers in the winter to default/files/pdf/air-sealing-2.pdf save money on hot water. Look at your faucets and shower heads to make sure there are no hot water leaks that will cost default/files/pdf/insulation-check-upyou money as they drip. A high efficien- 2.pdf cy shower head and sink aerator can slow the use of hot water you are paying to heat, saving additional dollars. default/files/pdf/weatherstripping-2.pdf

Thermostats can be a great place to start. Turning down the thermostat when no one is home or at night can save. There is no need to be cold if you turn it down; keeping extra blankets on beds and in common sitting areas will keep you cozy and comfy. Making sure your windows are locked and closed tightly is important to keep drafts down. Look at your heat registers and cold air returns to ensure they are not blocked by furniture. Make sure that all air conditioner units are removed or covered with a quality air conditioner cover if they are permanent air conditioner units. Make sure that your oil furnace is serviced regularly and that the filter is Use a little solar energy in the winter time changed. This will ensure safe and effiby opening your south facing drapes dur- cient operation and you will have a good ing the day for additional warmth. Close idea of when the unit will have to be re-

December, 2016

Extension Connection

Source: 35 Easy ways to Save Energy and Money retrieved from on 11/10/16

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Written by Wanda Vionet Cruz, Healthy Communities Coordinator

What is the Complete Streets planning model? The idea of Complete Streets is to increase safe roads for vehicles, pedestrians, cyclists, and individuals with disabilities. It applies to everyone traveling along a road, whether it’s used for transportation, physical activity, or just taking a walk. Complete Streets don’t need to mean that our rural areas will be converted into urban settings. It’s all about making our roads and passageways safer and accessible to all in a way that works for our local community. This can include signage, crosswalks, more street lighting, or planting trees in strategic areas to designate space. On October 26, 2016 Cornell Cooperative Extension Sullivan County (CCESC) hosted a Complete Streets Workshop in partnership with the Sullivan County Division of Planning and Environmental, Sullivan Renaissance, NYS Department of Transportation, and Smart Growth America. The workshop was sponsored by NYS Department of Transportation. Smart Growth America provided most of the presentation. The NYS Department of Transportation joined in to provide valuable information pertinent to funding.

about how to apply Complete Street concepts in our local municipalities. Workshop topics included:  The Concept of Complete Streets  Economic, Health, & Safety Benefits  NYS’s Complete Streets Benefits  Case Studies  Complete Streets in Rural Communities  Low Cost Options  Funding Complete Streets Projects A walking workshop was done at the corner of Ferndale-Loomis Road and State Route 55, as well as on Sullivan Avenue. With our partners, the CCESC Creating Healthy Schools and Communities team is here to actively inform and support community leaders on the benefits of Complete Streets in the County’s shared vision of sustainable, healthy, community development strategies and infrastructure projects. Implementing Complete Streets strategies

is one way to build a stronger economy, better health, and improved safety as the county grows. With supportive coalitions in many towns and villages, many municipalities are working towards adopting a Complete Streets policy. Adopting a Complete Streets policy is a first step which opens the doors for communities to develop a plan and design, consider strengths and pitfalls of potential projects, and take into account budgetary impacts and sustainability considerations.

A policy is a great way to get started. It’s a formal document that allows access to grants and other resources. Projects don’t need to be completed overnight. Remember, Rome wasn’t built in one day. To learn more about how your community can adopt Complete Streets projects, contact CCESC at 845-292-6180.

Representatives from the towns of Bethel, Fallsburg, Mamakating, Neversink, Thompson, and Callicoon, the villages of Thompson, and Jeffersonville, the hamlet of Hurleyville, Sullivan County Public Health, Green Design/Liberty Museum and Arts, Sullivan County Industrial Development Agency (IDA), and Capacity Consulting, were in attendance to learn more Page 10

Extension Connection

December, 2016

Submitted by SueAnn Boyd, Healthy Schools Coordinator Many fruits are out of season during the winter months, but pears are available nearly year-round, which makes them a great addition to any meal. They come in a variety of shapes, sizes, and skin colors, including green, golden, yellow, and red. Pears can be eaten raw or cooked. They are great as a quick snack, to chop and add to fruit salads, and can also be baked, broiled, or grilled. December is National Pear Month. Check out the following tips and information on buying, storing, and adding pears to a healthful eating plan. Pears are an excellent source of dietary fiber. A medium-sized pear has 24 percent of the recommended daily allowance. Pears also have potassium; a medium-sized pear has about 190 milligrams. They have no saturated fat, sodium, or cholesterol and are a good source of vitamin C. A medium pear has about 100 calories. Bartlett pears change from green to yellow as they ripen. Non-bartlett pears (anjou, bosc, comice, concorde, seckel and forelle) don't drastically change color when

ripening. Pears ripen from the inside out, so check for ripeness by "checking the neck". Gently press near the stem with your thumb. When it gives to gentle pressure it is ripe and ready to eat. When the pear is soft around the middle it is overripe. Choose pears that are firm to the touch and free from bruises and blemishes. If pears are ripe, they can be used immediately or refrigerated to slow down further ripening. If pears need to ripen, leave them out at room temperature for 7 to 10 days. Putting pears in a paper bag will help them ripen faster, but remember to check them daily so they don't get overripe. Wash pears under running water before eating. When pears are cut up for dishes, browning is a natural process that occurs when they are exposed to the air. A mild solution of half water and half lemon juice can be brushed on cut pears to slow this process. Lightly poaching pears will also slow the browning process and is a good way to prepare them for use in salads.

Firmer varieties such as bosc, anjou, or concorde are best for poaching, baking, and grilling. They have denser flesh, hold their shape better, and keep their flavor. Pears not ideal for heating are yellow bartlett, red bartlett, starkrimson, and comice, as their flavor and texture are at best when ripe and fresh. When heated, the consistency may over soften and have reduced flavor. Pears are perfect for snacks, as salad toppings, additions to ice cream or yogurt, and as a side dish. Pears are also great baked, poached, sautĂŠed, roasted, or grilled. They can be used in baked goods and made into preserves, jams, and chutneys. Overripe pears are still tasty, just not great for serving whole or sliced. They can be used in smoothies, sauces, or as a thickening agent for soups, stocks, or stews. Call CCE Sullivan County for a recipe! Source: Adapted from Lisa FranzenCastle, PhD, RD, University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension Nutrition Specialist. Healthy Bites Newsletter

Submitted by SueAnn Boyd, Healthy Schools Coordinator

The 2010 federal school nutrition standards have helped educate many local students about new and healthy foods. A recent study by the Harvard School of Public Health showed that the new school meal standards have not lead to an increase in food waste; however, plate waste has long been an issue in schools that needs to be addressed. Parents can play a role in curbing food waste at school. They can try a variety of strategies at home to help their children open up to foods that may be unfamiliar. Since it takes a couple of tries December, 2016

for children to accept new foods, something as simple as serving some of the new foods offered at school can go a long way in making children much more comfortable with opening up their food palette at school. School, state, and federal policy makers are working to help to curb food waste at schools. With short lunch periods and increased fruit and vegetable options offered with meals, many of our students do not have adequate time to enjoy and finish their meal. The US Department of Agriculture (USDA) has Extension Connection

given schools support to help tackle food waste inside the cafeteria. The USDA recommends that all schools provide students with at least 20 minutes to eat after being served. To reduce the amount of food ending up in trash cans, the USDA also allows schools to let students take certain breakfast or lunch items to eat at a later time after the breakfast or lunch serving period. Currently, there is no federal prohibition against a student saving an apple to eat afterschool if she (Continued on page 14) Page 11

Submitted by Bonnie Lewis, Dependent Care Educator 

In addition to taking on the household chores, shopping, transportation, and personal care, 37 percent of caregivers also administer medications, injections, and medical treatment to the person for whom they care. Some 77 percent of those caregivers report the need to ask for advice about the medications and medical treatments. The person they usually turn to is their physician. But while caregivers will discuss their loved one's care with the physician, caregivers seldom talk about their own health, which is equally important. Building a partnership with a physician that addresses the health needs of the care recipient and the caregiver is crucial.

nursing than to medicine. In particular, the nurse can answer questions about various tests and examinations, preparing for surgical procedures, providing personal care, and managing medications at home. 

The responsibility of this partnership ideally is shared between you, the caregiver, the physician, and other healthcare staff. However, it will often fall to you to be assertive, using good communication skills, to ensure that everyone's needs are met—including your own.

Tips on Communicating with Your Physician 

Prepare questions ahead of time. Make a list of your most important concerns and problems. Issues you might want to discuss with the physician are changes in symptoms, medications or general health of the care recipient, your own comfort in your caregiving situation, or specific help you need to provide care. The physician only sees a moment in time with the patient. Make sure you let him/her know what your concerns are in their daily care/health. Enlist the help of the nurse. Many caregiving questions relate more to Page 12

Make sure your appointment meets your needs. For example, the first appointment in the morning or after lunch are the best times to reduce your waiting time or accommodate numerous questions. When you schedule your appointment, be sure you convey clearly the reasons for your visit so that enough time is allowed. Call ahead. Before the appointment, check to see if the doctor is on schedule. Remind the receptionist of special needs when you arrive at the office.

Use specific, clear "I" statements like the following: "I need to know more about the diagnosis; I will feel better prepared for the future if I know what's in store for me." Or "I am feeling rundown. I'd like to make an appointment for myself and my husband next week." Or "I need a way for my mother to sleep at night as I am now exhausted being up every two hours at night with her."

Source: Family Caregiver Alliance. Funded by Alameda County Area Agency on Aging. Revised with funding from the Stavros Niachros Foundation, NY. 2012. © 2003, 2012.

Plug in to CCE Stay connected to what’s new and never miss out!

Follow Us

Take someone with you. A companion can ask questions you feel uncomfortable asking and can help you remember what the physician and nurse said.

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Use assertive communication and "I" messages. Enlist the medical care team as partners in care. Present what you need, what your concerns are, and how the doctor and/ or nurse can help.


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Visit Us Online December, 2016

Submitted by Marylin Jones, 4-H Program Coordinator Technological gains, widening cultural opportunities, faster, inexpensive modes of transportation as well as an explosion of social media interactions have done much to make a wide range of information and experiences available to families. Although these advances benefit and enrich our lives, the scale of activity and complexity can sometimes overwhelm us. Exposure to world events can be just a “click” away for an onslaught of imagery, commentary and extensive reportage. Add the demands of school, sports, and performance situations and sometimes children can feel the same symptoms of stress and anxiety that many adults do. Anxiety symptoms are common in children and adolescents, with 10-20% of school aged children experiencing anxiety. An even larger number of children experience stress that does not qualify as an anxiety disorder. Anxiety is a normal reaction to stressful situations but in some cases it becomes excessive and can cause the sufferer to dread everyday situations. This type of steady, all-over anxiety is called Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) and is characterized by persistent, excessive, and unrealistic worry about everyday things. A person is diagnosed with GAD when they find it difficult to control worry on more days than not for at least six months and exhibits three or more of the following symptoms:  Restlessness or feeling keyed up or on edge  Being easily fatigued  Difficulty concentrating or mind going blank  Irritability  Muscle tension  Sleep disturbance (difficulty falling or staying asleep, or restless, unsatisfying sleep) December, 2016

age your child to work hard but equally important to accept and embrace your child’s mistakes and imperfections. 3) Focus on the positives. Encourage your child to focus on how the glass is half-full instead of half-empty, to focus on good aspects of a situation so that the child does not get lost in negative thoughts and self-criticism. General anxiety disorder comes on gradually and can begin across the life cycle, though the risk is highest between childhood and middle age. Although the exact cause of GAD is unknown, there is evidence that biological factors, family background, and life experiences, particularly stressful ones, play a role. When the anxiety level is mild, people with GAD can function socially and be gainfully engaged. When anxiety is severe, some may avoid situations or have difficulty carrying out the simplest daily activities. Given the wide range of stressors associated with growing up, it is important that our children develop appropriate coping skills for anxiety and other difficult emotions. Amy Przeworski, Ph.D. and faculty member of Case Western Reserve’s Department of Psychological Sciences shares 12 tips to help families in parenting an anxious or stressed child: 1) Encourage your child to face his/ her fears, not run away from them. Avoidance of anxiety-provoking situations maintains the anxiety. By facing the fear, anxiety will naturally reduce over time. The body cannot remain anxious for a very long period of time so there is a system in the body that will calm the body within 20-45 minutes if you stay in the anxiety provoking situation. 2) Tell your child that it is okay to be imperfect. It is important to encourExtension Connection

4) Schedule relaxing activities. Children need time to relax and be kids. Sometimes even fun activities such as sports can become more about success than about fun. Ensure your child has opportunities to engage in play purely for the sake of fun. 5) Model approach behavior, selfcare, and positive thinking. Children learn behaviors from watching their parents, so when you think about your child’s psychological well-being, think about your own as well. 6) Reward your child’s brave behaviors. If your child faces his/her fears, reward with praise, a hug, or even something tangible like a sticker or a small treat. This is not bribery if you establish this motivator prior to your child being in the situation. If you reward brave behaviors your child will engage in them more often. 7) Encourage good sleep hygiene. Set a bedtime and a 30-45 minute bed time routine to do every night and stick to it, even on weekends. This helps your child to transition from activities of the day to the relaxed state necessary to fall asleep. 8) Encourage your child to express his or her anxiety. If your child says that he/she is worried or scared, do not diminish or disagree with these expressions, rather validate your child’s expe(Continued on page 14) Page 13

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did not bite into it during lunch. In fact, this is a much better option than her purchasing a sugary snack at the convenience store across campus afterschool.

rience by saying things like, “Yes, you seem scared. What are you worried about?” Then have a discussion about your child’s emotions and fears.

This USDA policy (sometimes called the “travelling apple”) applies to food items that are not temperature sensitive, such as whole fruit, pre-packaged vegetables and fruits, bread and shelf-stable items. Food service professionals can revisit the school district’s policy with school administrators and the health department if the school does not allow food to leave the cafeteria. Discarded food is a lost opportunity for improving student nutrition and a waste of precious resources. We want healthy students, not full trash cans. Ensuring students have adequate time to eat and appealing menu options greatly reduces the potential of excess plate waste. Whether you are a parent, school official or health program leader you might help create happier students and leaner trash cans. Sources: Cohen JFW, Richardson S, Parker E, Catalano PJ, Rimm EB. Impact of the New USDA School Meal Standards on Food Selection, Consumption, and Waste. Am J Prev Med 2014;46(4):388 –94.

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9) Encourage your child to problem solve. Once you have validated your child’s emotions, demonstrated that you understand your child’s experience, and are listening to what your child has to say, help your child problem solve by encouraging them to identify possible solutions. If they are unable to generate solutions, you may suggest some potential solutions for your child to consider and ask the child to pick the solution that he or she thinks would work best. 10) Exhibit calm. Children look to their parents to determine how to react in situations so when you want to reduce your child’s anxiety, you must manage your own anxiety: slow down your speech, take a few deep breaths to relax, and work to ensure that your facial expression conveys that you are calm. 11) Practice relaxation exercises with your child. Sometimes really basic relaxation exercises are necessary to help your child reduce stress and anxiety: telling them to take a few slow, deep breaths, or asking them to imagine him or herself somewhere relaxing like the beach or in a backyard hammock. In time, they may do these techniques on their own during anxiety-provoking times. 12) Never give up! Anxiety and stress can be a chronic struggle and often the source can change over time. Consistent repetition of anxiety and stress management techniques is important to help your child learn how to lower anxiety levels and cope with anxiety –provoking situations in the future. Childhood fears are normal developmental phenomenon and will usually go away naturally. Fears tend to rise and dissipate at predictable ages in a child’s life. When fears begin to interfere with aspects of a child’s functioning, be it academic, social, or family functioning, professionals have successfully used cognitive-behavioral techniques to identify anxious thoughts, change anxious feelings, and change anxiety-triggering behavior. Dr. Przeworksi’s 12 basic tips encompass a cognitivebehavior approach and for anxious parents, these tips provide some tools and guidance for parenting an anxious or stressed child. Sources:;;;

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December, 2016

Senior Safety Day October 19 At the Ted Stroebele Recreation Center in Monticello, 95 guests received information on substance abuse and how the epidemic impacts all citizens, including seniors. An addiction services counselor, Doris Castro, held the audience’s attention as she addressed all aspects of medication usage, including prescribed and illicit drugs. A demonstration on Narcan was provided by Catholic Charities followed by Sullivan County Public Health on how grandparents can be influential in keeping teens off of drugs. The Sheriff’s Department provided a general update on local safety issues and Dr. Larry Force, Ph.D. from Mount St. Mary spoke about the National Organization for Adult Addictions and Recovery.

Virtual Dementia Tours October 19 Offered immediately after Senior Safety Day, by appointment, twelve individuals experienced what it may feel like as cognitive skills diminish due to a form of dementia such as Alzheimer’s disease. As the person tried to perform tasks of daily living, they were challenged with deteriorating senses (vision, hearing, touch, mobility) while dealing with multiple intrusive and

December, 2016

noisy verbal trials. All participants found it frustrating and “eye opening”.

The Basics: Alzheimer’s October 25 Eleven individuals at the Daniel Pierce Library in Grahamsville were present. This workshop offered a broad overview on Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias.

Complete Streets Workshop October 26 Twenty seven individuals gather ed together and learned that Complete Streets is not just about expensive construction of sidewalks and roads. It’s about sharing roads and making them safer for vehicles, pedestrians, cyclists, wheel chairs, and strollers. Workshop covered that a written plan with an implementation for Complete Streets can open doors for funding.

3rd Annual Afternoon Gala November 6 Over 80 people ador ned in “denim and diamonds” celebrated 102 years of service with CCESC at Bernie’s Holiday Restaurant in Rock Hill. The fundraiser netted over $5,000 from ticket sales, journal donations, silent and live auction bids, and generous sponsorships. Live music by Nicolas Iacovitti,

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auctioneering by Eddie Moran Jr. Volunteers recognized were Richard Schulman, Karen Mariner, and Denise Frangipane.

Consider the Conversation November 15 A film screening, followed by a discussion, was held at CCE to six caregivers by the Hospice Foundation of Orange and Sullivan Counties. After this movie on communicating your end -of-life wishes, Janice Valentino from Hospice met with the caregivers as they considered the topic and the narratives they’d like to address comfortably in their own homes as the holidays approach.

4-H Achievement Night November 18 Nearly 200 member s, leader s, family, and community supporters gathered together at the Bethel Woods Events Gallery to celebrate the 4-H Youth Development program’s past year of accomplishments. Over 450 awards were conferred upon clubs and individual members to recognize excellence and achievement in project work, leadership and community service. Each 4-H member received a certificate and year pin to signify their engagement in CCESC 4-H’s 2015-2016 program.

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Volunteer Spotlight - Eddie Moran Jr.

4-H Spotlight - Norman F. Gabriel Award Winner

Eddie Moran Jr. is a certified auctioneer and local farmer in Jeffersonville, NY. Eddie and his family have hosted various agricultural programs on their farm at Stone Wall Farms. The Moran family started a 4H club focused on animal science called “4-H Aggies” and have been involved in the 4-H program in many ways over the years. Eddie volunteers his time and talent serving as the auctioneer for both the Livestock and Pie Auctions at the Sullivan County Youth Fair, as well as the annual Afternoon Gala bringing in thousands of dollars in bids to support the work CCESC does for farmers, families, and youth. Eddie is a pleasure to work with and a force to be reckoned with during an auction. Thanks, Eddie!

Farm Spotlight - Pine Farm Pine Farm, located in Youngsville is a family run Christmas tree farm owned by Caroline Likel. This farm was established in the 1800’s and has been spreading the holiday spirit ever since with a large variety of trees. They have balsam, Cannan, concolor and Frasier fir, and even blue spruce trees available as a cut or pick-your-own. Pine farm is another great example of seasonal agri-tourism. Growing Christmas trees is a year-round endeavor. Each tree is shaped, fertilized and maintained so they look their best to be ready to harvest.

This year our Norman F. Gabriel Award Winner, Brandi B. completes 13 years of significant involvement in the Sullivan County 4-H program, consistently exceeding the basic requirements of our county program, achieving Public Presentations, fair entries, animal shows, community service, project records and more for each year of membership. Brandi is recognized for engaging in just about every opportunity the Sullivan County program offers, as well as exploring opportunities beyond county borders: rabbit shows, dairy judging, State Fair teen leader, STARR retreat Planning Committee Member, educational trips such as the Agri-Business Conference in Cobleskill and more. Consistently, she has taken on leadership roles such as club officer, Public Presentations Host, Youth Fair Teen Leader, as well as devoting a couple of years of service on the 4-H Strategy Committee. Always embodying the spirit of “Making the Best Better”, this young leader’s motivation to gain knowledge, develop project interests to higher levels, and share knowledge and skills with others, makes her an exemplary role model for young 4-H members.

Trucking & Hauling



Foundations — Sand — Gravel—Fill—Topsoil Septic Systems Installed


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PO Box 557 Jeffersonville, NY 12748

December, 2016

Partner Spotlight - Story’s Neversink Plant Co. John Story’s Neversink Plant Company has been a consistent supporter of CCESC in the community horticulture program area. Sharing his knowledge on cactuses, succulents, and more, John has offered instruction to Master Gardener Volunteers in training as well as in public workshops. His presentations are thorough and based on his many years of experience in the field. Story’s Neversink Plant Co. has generously donated services and beautiful hypertufa plant containers complete with succulents and other plants to be auctioned off at the annual Afternoon Gala that benefits the work of CCESC in the community. John lends his wealth of knowledge donations many times throughout the year, including his assistance with our greenhouse and high tunnel season extension structures on site. Thanks to Story’s Neversink Plant Company for being such a supportive partner!

Board Spotlight - Janet Threshman Janet Threshman has served on the CCESC Program Advisory Committee and our board of directors and will reach the end of her term at the end of 2016. Janet owns Nature’s Reserve, an alpaca farm in Callicoon, NY that specializes in breeding, sales, and heirloom quality fiber. She has hosted agricultural events on her farm and has offered her extensive knowledge on the alpaca industry for ag programs. Janet has been a valuable addition to the CCESC family and we appreciate her service and dedication.

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Earle & Elizabeth Wilde Scholarship For high school seniors | Awar d: $2,000 Deadline to apply: April 15 Open to graduating high school seniors from the Sullivan County area who plan to continue their education in an agricultural related field at either the State University of New York College of Agriculture and Technology at Cobleskill or Morrisville. Skoda Family Scholarship Fund For high school seniors | Awar d: $500- $4,000 Deadline to apply: April 15 Open to graduating high school seniors from the Sullivan County area who plan to attend Delaware Valley College in Doylestown, PA and major in Agriculture. Orange County graduating high school students who plan to attend Delaware Valley College in Doylestown, PA and major in Agriculture and students from Sullivan County currently enrolled in Delaware Valley College majoring in Agriculture may also apply. 4-H Livestock Auction Scholarship For high school seniors | Awar d: $500 Deadline to apply: June 1 Open to enrolled 4-H members who are high school seniors with a B or better GPA and actively participated in the Sullivan County 4-H Livestock Auction for at least 2 years. Family & Consumer Science Scholarship For general public | Amount Var ies Deadline to apply: Rolling To stimulate interest in human ecology/ home eco-nomics. In the event of financial limitations that prevent a Sullivan County resident from receiving educational services, program fees may be partially or entirely covered by this scholarship. Sponsored by community homemakers groups & Sullivan Renaissance. Inquire with CCESC.

Agriculture & Community Horticulture Scholarship For general public | Amount Var ies Deadline to apply: Rolling To stimulate interest in agricultural and community horticulture related topics. In the event of financial limitations that prevent a Sullivan County resident from receiving educational services, program fees may be partially or entirely covered by this scholarship. Sponsored by our friends at Sullivan Renaissance. Inquire with CCESC.

Learn More and Apply! Visit sullivancce.or g Call 845-292-6180 Page 22

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December, 2016

The Calico Geese Quilters of Sullivan County, a unit of CCESC, recently held their election of officers for a new 2 year term which began September 2016 and will end August 2018. The officers are President, Sally Abrams, of Livingston Manor, Vice President, Cathy McGowan-Dawkins, of Wurtsboro, Recording Secretary, Kathy Hasbrouck, of Liberty, Corresponding Secretary, Peggy Morgans of Parksville, and Treasurer, Marie Harris of Monticello. The drawing for the 2016 beautiful Pineapple Design Quilt was held at their October meeting. The winning ticket, drawn at random, was purchased but Donna Bury, previously of Youngsville. She was presented with the quilt by Cindy Babcock, of Cochecton, who is the outgoing Vice President. Ms. Bury has since relocated to the State of Montana. Members of the Calico Geese Quilters would like to thank all those who bought raffle tickets and are very grateful for their support. The proceeds from the raffle is used to create our annual raffle quilt and quilts for babies, children, our veterans, CCESC, as well as, a donation to a charitable organization. This year a donation will be made to the Times Herald Record People to People Fund. The 2017 Queen size Raffle quilt, Blue Diamonds, can be seen at venues in the county throughout the coming months. Raffle tickets will be available at those venues or at Cornell Cooperative Extension, Ferndale-Loomis Road, Liberty.

Fly Fishing Club Interest Anyone who is interested in starting a 4-H fly fishing club at the Catskill Fly Fishing Center and Museum in Livingston Manor can contact the CCESC office to add your name to the interest list. Call Colleen at 845-292-6180 or e-mail her at December, 2016

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Nobel Prizes are awarded in December

Cornell University School of Hotel Administration is ranked number 1 in the world Carrots weren’t always orange; they were purple, yellow, or white before the seventeenth century Deracinate: To tear something up by the roots

December 3, 1967, the first heart transplant was completed

The term ”yule tide” comes from a Norse tradition of cutting and burning a tree to bring in the Winter DecemberisNational: Read a New Book Solstice Pear Iced tea was invented in Missouri, during the St. Louis Fair

Tomato & Winter Squash Safe Toys & Gifts Worldwide Food Service Safety Write a Business Plan Buckwheat Youngsters on the Air Universal Human Rights


Textile Group New Project Launch!

Learn a New Language at Liberty Public Library

This is the perfect time to join!

Did you know that with a Liberty Public Library issued patron ID, you can access Rosetta Stone Language Learning Software on your personal computer? You can choose from over 30 languages to learn on your own device and all you need is a FREE library card!

The textile project provides a monthly opportunity to learn or work on knitting or crochet skills. Intergenerational Textile Project public group meetings are held the third Friday of every month, from 6:00 to 8:00 pm at the Cornell Cooperative Extension Sullivan County building.

4-H en Español CCESC is developing 4-H Youth Development program materials in Spanish to serve the Spanish speaking families in Sullivan County. If you know someone who would like to start a club in their area, call 292-6180.

Participants will make one item for community service in addition to a project for themselves. Yarn donations have been received to support the community service initiatives.

For more information and to register:

Turtle Spring Nature Trail Closed CCESC’s Turtle Spring Nature Trail located on its Extension Education Center is closed for the season. Stay tuned for its grand re-opening in Spring with new fitness stations and signage installed!

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December, 2016

Charles Keating Cell: 570-430-1045 Fax: 570-689-2688


 Cattle Feed Bran $160 ton delivered call 845-292-9224 for information

 Ewes, lambs for sale. Il de Franc x Dorset

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crosses. Easy keepers. All twins, some blacks. Triplet 2 year old ram. Freezer lambs. La Mancha doe and female twins. Apple Pond Farm 845 482 4764 Rabbits for all Reasons and Chicks to Hens of Many Breeds. Member of A.R.B.A. for 37 years. 845-888-0274 Oak Ridge Farm – Horses Boarded, Large Indoor arena, excellent quality hay grown on farm, lessons available 845-482-4686 Lashside Farm. Full board or turnout. 845292-3765 Retired Horse Boarding on 45 acre farm. Your horse will be well taken care of on our peaceful farm. 845-482-4779 Lambs, Baby Goats and Hay 845-4347764 Registered Polled Hereford Bulls for Sale. Bred cows. Call Stone Ridge Farm 845439-4359 Trout for sale. 6"-8" Brook Trout. Delivered or picked up. Call Beaverkill Trout Hatchery for details. 845-439-4947 Bring us your retiring horse or those in need of rest. We will provide personalized care on our 50 acre farm at reasonable cost. Heaven’s Gait Farm 1-516-7219173. For Sale Royal Palm Turkeys White Birds Breeding Stock, Polled Hereford Bulls and Cows Call 845-439-4359 Goats for sale. 845-252-7434


 4 person peddle boat, Large, Mint heavy duty ~ 2003 Arctic Cat pantera, 2 up (seater) 2000 miles, mint condition snowmobile ~ Artic cat 370cc snowmobile 1000 miles. Mint condition Call for prices Pete (845-557-8678)  Motorcycle List-new-$500.00 845-2924013 also Swinton Quicktime Coal and Wood Antique Stove.

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 Buhler Grain 180 Roller Mill PTO Drive Auger Discharge new $4000. 8”x24’ Auger Electric Motor & Hopper Never Used $1000 call 845-292-6960.  16 x7 dual axle Cargo Mate Trailer for $2,500, call Denise at 845-807-7540  5 Power Angle Plow for 1980’s CJ Jeep all controls work $450 845-985-7052  John Deere 3010, Diesel, WFE, Dual Hyd. Outlets, Rops. Asking $6,000. 845-5511649 MISCELLANEOUS FOR SALE

 Need great bags & purses? Contact Tan-

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ya@ Initials, tanyahuggler ; ; (845)8077502 ; Initials,inc. Creative Partner. Little Bear of Aspen Snow Shoes—2 pr. $45 973-890-1747 Leave message 300 gal gas tank with hand pump on skids $300.00 845-647-8506 Casio- multi function display electric keyboard with stand. 845-887-5288 Lawn Stork-A sign you rent out when

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someone is having a baby. Start your own business $200.00 OBO 845-557-6090 Maytag 16 cu freezer 2 yrs old $200; Full Size Microwave $25; 2 two drawer file cabinets $10 ea. Dorm size fridge $10 2925098 Narrowsburg Yarn for sale. Alpaca 2 ply& core yarn 516 -941-7207 2 slots machines, mint working condition. Lights and sound with tokens ~ Antique Mantle clocks (mint) Many other items Pete 845-557-8678 1983 Glassport 19' 7'' inboard/outboard, 350 Chevy and 20' dual axle trailer. Needs work. Make offer. 203 740 0167 Hot water radiators 25.5" x 15.5" to 47" [10 total] and 19" x 36.5" and 39" BO 203-740-0167 Men’s size 8 chest high fishing waders with felt soles. Worn once paid $200 asking $85. 914-237-2329. 5 foot 3 pt. hitch Woods Finish Moore RM59. Asking $500. 434-6850 HAY FOR SALE

 For Sale: 4X4 Round Bales $15.00 ea. 845 -482-4061

 HAY – Square Bales - Local Delivery available 845-887-4582

 Hay 1st, 2nd, 3rd square, round and wrapped. Protein – 19.1 – 22.6 composted. Topsoil, sand, gravel and cattle. 845985-7866  Hay square bales 845-807-2532

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Member Exchange (Continued from page 25)

 Round Hay Bales for sale – 583-6024  4x4 Second cutting hay. $40 in the field waded. 292-7042 FARMERS’ MARKET CORNER

 BK Logging Firewood for Sale—Standing Timber Wanted hard & soft wood 845-2924942  Garden Lovers – consider joining a garden club. Meets 3rd Tues. of each month. Call 845-794-6139

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Mattress showroom; FOR A BETTER YOU

 Strumpflers Mt View Cottages 845-2527494

 Mountain Side Farm 100% Grass Fed Beef & Pure NY Maple Syrup 845-742-6281, 845-733-4809 Wacky Weeds Produce Natural Grown Certified Wholesale Farmer 845-693-1153 Muthig Farm - Maple Syrup, Maple Cream, Maple Jelly, Maple Sugar. Tours in March by apt. 845 -292-7838 Justus Asthalter Maple Syrup Inc. – New & used maple equipment & supplies for all size maple producers. Syrup, Cream, Candies, we ship anywhere. Sugar Hill Containers and Leader glass in stock. Call us at 845 -292-8569 or email CATSKILL MOUNTAIN HONEY Pollen, propolis, Royal Jelly, bee supplies & equipment. Hives supers frames from our shop. Save $$ - Jim Kile 845-647-6759 Farm fresh real food prepared and delivered weekly. 888-5518625 Home grown Pork, Beef and Eggs. Guinea Fowl – 845-8875737 Asian Specialty Vegetables. Charlie Koh. Seon Organic Farm 631-599-0072 Nutritious and Delicious Home Made Soups and Breads delivered to your door. Organic Garlic for sale; reasonable prices. Call John 845-292-1195 "Dogs Luv'em" all natural Murray's chicken dog treats. 845-283-1128 Story’s Neversink Plant Co.-Rare succulents and interesting plants. By app’t. Only. John W. Story, Proprietor 845-985-5071 Korwan's Nursery Rhododendrons, perennials, trees, shrubs, and woodcarving. Landscaping 845-482-3345 Beaverkill Trout Hatchery- top quality trout, brook, brown & rainbow for sale. Trout preserve open Apr.1- Labor Day- 845 -439-4947 email: THEODORA ORGANIC FARM Email: 646710-0505 “No Farms, No Food” On farm vegetable and fruit stand open Saturday 10-2. River Brook Farm, Cochecton, NY 845-932-7952 Fertrell organic fertilizers, soil amendments and complete soil testing with recommendations available. Baron Organics, Products & Support, Jeffersonville, NY 12748. 845482-3902

 Majek Furniture- Full Line Furniture and

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FOR BETTER BUSINESS Steven N. Mogel Attorney At Law 457 Broadway, STE 16A Monticello, NY 12701 845-7914303 Klein's Tax Service. 25+ Years Experience. (845) 292-9225 Free photographic app’ts by appointment 845-434-3147 Liz Lawrence I. Oestrich- Licensed land Surveyor, Estimates, Boundaries, and Subdivisions. 845-791-4541 Licensed Security Guards & Any size property patrol. Alarm & camera installation with central station. Since 1980” When you are away your neighbors will play” Reasonable rates. 845-557-8678. Marshall & Sterling provides a full line of property & casualty insurance, personal insurance for home, auto and life, group benefits and health plans-please call Brian Seigerman at 845-794-5544 ext 2615 for free no obligation quote. Muthig & Sons - Landscaping - Logging Decks - Roofs - Firewood (845) 807-1711 Clown for all occasions, info @ for all your party entertainment. 845-807-6222 Wurtsboro Veterinary Clinic- 163 Sullivan St. Box 190, Wurtsboro, NY 12790 845888-4884 Dr. Linda Tintle, Dr. Dean Tinter, Dr. Nancy Odell, Dr. Joe D’Abbraccio Norbert’s Clock Repair. Antique specialist. Fair Price. For estimate/pickup 845-8875831 Old interesting barn finds? Call for free appraisal 482-4901 Hartley Consulting, INC. Strategic Development for Non Profits. Duke Pottery. Pottery Studio, Art Gallery, Gift Shop. Open Year Round, Fri, Sat, Sun 11:00-5:00 or by chance. 855 Co. Rd. 93, Roscoe, NY O&L Digital Photo- Weddings, Sweet 16, Birthdays, Baptisms and special events. Album packages & DVD video. 845-9325020 or 917-693-9891 or FURNITURE & HANDMADE ITEMS

 Visit Charlie Barbuti Furniture Mall for all your furniture and mattress needs. 292-4826 -

 Jin Shin Jyutsu, Near Grahamsville. Energetic, Harmonizing 647-6572

 Yoga classes near Neversink Dam. Gentle stretches for seniors and beginners. Schedule Mon, Wed, Sat a.m. Thurs. p.m. I free introductory class. Yoga improves flexibility & health. Reiki sessions by appt. Relieve stress & pain. Call Joy 845-292-7870 REAL ESTATE

 Catskill Brokers, Inc. Real Estate Services.

  

Cynthia L. Johnson, Broker. Woodbourne, NY 845-434-7860- email: For all your real estate needs come for a visit and stay for a lifetime. “Trout Town USA” Roscoe, NY. Sullivan County, Delaware County – McKean Realtors – Farms and Lake Front Homes 845-583-6003 Barbanti Realty- 40 years in business- 845292-2800 Rieber Realty, Monticello, NY 845-7940211. WANTED

 Looking for a piglet to raise for 4 months for slaughter. 733-4031 or emaill ler384  Wanted: Speedex Tractors Parts & Accessories 845-557-8030  Wanted: Llama for pet. Please call 845-482 -3509  Wanted: Side Delivery Hay Rake in Working Condition. Call Mike 482-3628

Earl Kinney

Excavating & Trucking Ready To Meet Your Needs Free Estimates - 40 Years Experience  DRAINAGE  SEPTIC SYSTEMS  FOUNDATIONS  DRIVEWAYS  ROADS  PONDS  LAND CLEARING  GRADING STONE SAND GRAVEL REDSHALE

No Job Too Big or Too Small


Extension Connection

December, 2016

Specializing in Saving Trees Insects Disease Fertilization And now Lawn Spraying

Fully Insured Registered NYS Business

(845) 985-3073

(845) 798-0642

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Extension Connection

December, 2016

December Extension Connection Sullivan County