November 2021 California Cattleman

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Inside this month... A Winning season for CCA Public Lands annual meeting sites Reservoir proposal November 2021 California Cattleman 1




When marketing calves at TLAY, don't forget how essential the 2nd round of shots is. Make sure to include a modified live vaccination!




MAX OLVERA...............209 277-2063 STEVE FARIA ...............209 988-7180 EDDIE NUNES..............209 604-6848 BUD COZZI ...................209 652-4480 JOHN LUIZ.....................209 480-5101 BRANDON BABA .......209 480-1267

2 California Cattleman November 2021

JAKE BETTENCOURT..209 262-4019 TIM SISIL .....................209 631-6054 TRAVIS JOHNSON.....209 996-8645 JUSTIN RAMOS..........209 844-6372 JOHN BOURDET .........831 801-2343 MATT MILLER..............209 914-5116


209 634-4326 • 209 667-0811 10430 Lander Ave., Turlock, CA P.O. Box 3030, Turlock, CA 95381

e v i l s u Join nline! or o SILVER LEGACY RESORT • RENO, NV





November 2021 California Cattleman 3



Since 1917

1221 H Street Sacramento CA 95814 (916) 444-0845

by CCA President Tony Toso

As I write this column, I am amazed that convention time in Reno is just around the corner. As we wind down 2021, I believe that this is a great opportunity to reflect on what has transpired at CCA. Looking back on my whirlwind first year, I can count many blessings and I am hopeful each of you would be able to do the same. In spite of some tough times with COVID, drought, fires and less than stellar calf prices to start the year, we continue to be our typical resilient selves. I am very happy and proud to report to you that in the face of these adversities your California Cattlemen’s Association has made some noteworthy progress that will serve our members well. The efforts that staff has made on our behalf has been extraordinary and we are better off for it. Staff continues to work hard protecting our interests and being at the ready for those “curve balls” life always throws at us on what now seems to be a daily basis. Furthermore, your fellow producers who serve as officers deserve much credit for their selfless efforts. First Vice President Steve Arnold, Second Vice Presidents Trevor Freitas, Rick Roberti and John Hammon along with Treasurer Bev Bigger and Feeder Council Chair Jesse Larios have our thanks for some great work to move CCA forward. The progress made by our fire subcommittee has been significant. Hopefully by the time we do get to Reno we will be able to celebrate having two of our three priority fire-related bills signed by the governor. Make no mistake, this stuff doesn’t happen overnight and those involved with bringing these bills to the point they are at worked very hard for a very long time. SB 332 (prescribed fire liability) and AB 1103 (livestock pass programs) are on the governor’s desk awaiting his signature. The efforts and work put in by members of the committee under the leadership of Anthony Stornetta and with primary staff support by Kirk Wilbur have paid substantial dividends as these two pieces of legislation will play a key part in wildfire mitigation and with aiding ranchers in times of emergency to have better access to their land and livestock. The third bill, AB 434 which is sponsored by Robert Rivas, the Chair of the Assembly Ag Committee, became a two-year bill and will be heard in 2022. This bill would provide state land management agencies greater discretion to lease state owned land for livestock grazing. I might also add that CCA has played a pivotal role in what now appears to be a fundamental shift in how the state and agency leaders are now looking at grazing. We will continue to push and support the positives we as cattle producers bring to the table. As we advocate for passage of these three bills the committee will now begin to pivot our focus on other priority issues in this wildfire quagmire like insurance cancellations and working with state and federal agencies as to better forest management, so stay tuned.

4 California Cattleman November 2021

This year’s newly-appointed subcommittee dealing with price discovery has covered a bunch of ground. Subcommittee Chair Seth Scribner has done a masterful job of leading a high-powered and diverse group of fellow producers to better understand, analyze and develop policy strategy to work toward bringing more dollars back to the ranch. As you would expect, this is no easy chore and the committee has worked at analyzing the different segments of the beef chain from the cow/calf producer to the retailer. One of the primary areas of the price discovery conundrum that we are working on is to get you more beneficial information on how other segments of the industry work (i.e., feedlots, packers, retailers, etc.) to help you make better informed marketing decisions. For example, the first of a three-part series, titled “Elements of Price Discovery” prepared by the subcommittee was published in last month's issue to help lay the groundwork for a better understanding of the components of price discovery. Keep an eye out for the upcoming two subsequent segments to this informative piece. We will do our best to continue to bring you the latest information as it develops. In addition, we have added a new podcast called the Sorting Pen. CCA's Katie Roberti and Ryan Donahue have really done a great job getting it off the ground and the first few episodes have been outstanding. They will be covering topics pertinent to California ranchers and a new episode comes out every other week. You can find it on all usual podcast platforms and on our association website. You will also be hearing more about the Rancher’s Technical Assistance Program or RTAP. This program has been funded by the California Cattle Council and is administered through the Cattlemen’s Foundation. Jack Rice and Noah Lopez have already been working with ranchers to help them navigate through the arduous regulatory environment here in our home state. Go to the CCA website or contact the office for more information about this program. Those are some of the “tip of the iceberg” works that have been going on throughout 2021, and rest assured there is much more going on behind the scenes as Billy Gatlin, Kirk Wilbur and Jason Bryant work with Sacramento and D.C. leadership to help put California cattle producers in the best position to succeed. Your membership and support of CCA is essential to our collective success and it’s not lost on staff or your leadership. I would like to take this opportunity to thank all of you, my fellow producers, for your membership in CCA and thank you for supporting our great way of life.

NOVEMBER 2021 Volume 104, Issue 10



BUNKHOUSE CCA making waves on the airwaves


YOUR DUES DOLLARS AT WORK 10 CCA wins on association-sponsored bills PROGRESSIVE PRODUCER Gene editing to improve cow herds


NATIONAL PERSPECTIVE NCBA working in D.C. for producers at home


VET VIEWS Brucellosis regulations update



Public Lands Council annual meeting Not your average burger Details on Sites Reservoir proposal Recalling another fire disaster one year later

READER SERVICES Obituaries Cattlemen's Report Buyers’ Guide Advertisers Index

18 20 22 30

32 35 36 42

This month's cover photo was taken by Elizabeth Russell near Diamond Springs. If you have a photo that you think would look good on the cover of this publication, contact the CCA office at (916) 444-0845 or e-mail

UPCOMING CCA & CCW EVENTS NOVEMBER 5 Madera Cattlemen’s Association Coarsegold Community Center, Coarsegold DECEMBER 1-3 105th CCA and CCW Convention and California Cattle Industry Tradeshow Peppermill Resort Spa Casino, Reno DECEMBER 18 Lassen Cattlemen’s Association Honey Lake Valley Grange, Susanville

SERVING CALIFORNIA BEEF PRODUCERS SINCE 1917 Bolded names and businesses in editorial represent only current members of the California Cattlmen’s Association or California CattleWomen, Inc. For questions about your membership status, contact the CCA office at (916) 444-0845. The California Cattleman (#8-3600) is published monthly except July/August is combined by the California Cattlemen’s Association, 1221 H Street, Sacramento, CA 95814, for $20/year, or as part of the annual membership dues. All material and photos within may not be reproduced without permission from publisher. Periodical postage paid at Jefferson, MO. National Advertising Group: The Cattle Connection/The Powell Group, 4162-B Carmichael Ct, Montgomery, AL 36106, POSTMASTER: Send address changes to: California Cattleman, 1221 H Street, Sacramento, CA 95814

November 2021 California Cattleman 5





The Peppermill Reno is OPEN and we are set to hold the 105th California Cattlemen’s Association and California CattleWomen’s Convention + Cattle Industry Tradeshow there next month! Check out some of the already confirmed scheduled events and speakers and register today!




6 California Cattleman November 2021



TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 30TH 11 am - 5 pm

CCA Scholarship Interviews

WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 1ST 8 am - 6:30 pm 8 am - 5 pm 9 - 10 am 10 am - Noon 11 am - Noon Noon - 9:30 pm Noon - 2 pm 1 - 2 pm 2 - 3 pm 2 - 5 pm 2:30 - 4 pm 3 - 4 pm 3 - 4 pm 4 - 5:30 pm 5:30 - 6:30 pm 6:30 - 9:30 pm

Registration Open CRT Board Meeting Tradeshow Exhibitor/Allied Industry Meeting CCA Officer’s Meeting YCC Networking in the Tradeshow Tradeshow Open Calif. Cattlemen’s Foundation Board CBCIA Finance Meeting CCA Finance and Membership Meeting CBCIA Board Meeting CCW Executive Committee Cattle-PAC Meeting YCC Meeting Opening General Session Allied Industry Wine & Cheese Reception Tradeshow Welcome Party

THURSDAY, DECEMBER 2ND 6:30 am - 5 pm 6:30 - 7:30 am 7 am - 1 pm 7 - 8 am 7 - 8 am 7 - 10 am 8 - 9:00 am 8 - 10:00 am 9 - 10 am 9 - 10 am 10 - 11 am 10 am - Noon 10 am - Noon 10 am - Noon 11:15 am - 2:15 pm Noon - 1 pm Noon - 1 pm 1 - 2 pm 2 - 4 pm 2 - 4 pm 2 - 4 pm 2:45 - 5 pm 3 - 4 pm 4 - 5 pm 4 - 6 pm 5 - 6 pm 6:30 - 10 pm

Registration Open Prayer Gathering California Cattle Industry Tradeshow Breakfast in the Tradeshow LMRF Meeting Bloody Mary Bar CCW WIRED Committee Meeting Producer Education Series Cattlemen’s College Session #1 CCW Heritage Meeting CCW Meet and Greet with Standing Committee Chairs CCA Cattle Health & Well-Being Cattle Marketing & International Trade CCA Federal Lands Cowbelle of the Year Lunch Lunch in the Tradeshow Past Presidents Lunch General Session #2 Cattlemen’s Poster Session CCA Property Rights & Environmental Management CCA Agriculture & Food Policy/Tax and Credit CCW Workshop CCA Tax & Credit (Policy Breakout) Cattlemen’s College Session CCA General Resolutions CCA President’s Reception CCA & CCW Reception & Awards Banquet

FRIDAY, DECEMBER 3RD 6:30 - 7:30 am 7 - 9 am 8 - 9:15 am 9:30 am - Noon 9:30 am - Noon

CCA Nominating Committee CCW Awards Breakfast Cattle-Fax Breakfast CCA Board and Membership Meeting CCW Board and Membership Meeting



# $ Tickets Amount

Full Registration (CCA/CCW Member)


Includes everything except the Cowbelle of Year Lunch and CCA/CCW Awards Banquet. Please make a selection for which of the following breakfasts you would like included in your registration: CattleFax Breakfast or

CCW Awards Breakfast

Full Registration (Non-CCA Member)


Includes everything except the Cowbelle of Year Lunch and CCA/CCW Awards Banquet. Please make a selection for which of the following breakfasts you would like included in your registration: CattleFax Breakfast or

CCW Awards Breakfast

Young Cattlemen’s Registration


Includes everything except the Cowbelle of Year Lunch and CCA/CCW Awards Banquet. Please make a selection for which of the following breakfasts you would like included in your registration: CattleFax Breakfast or

CCW Awards Breakfast



CCA & CCW Awards Banquet



CCW Awards Breakfast

SUPPORT THE CATTLE -PAC 2021 Cattle-PAC Membership Please write separate check to CCA Cattle-PAC




Name(s) attending:

Local affiliation: Payment Method: Card #:

Check made payable to the Calif. Cattlemen’s Association




Cardholder’s Name: Cardholder’s Phone: Billing address: City/State/Zip:

Register at or mail this registration form to the CCA office at 1221 H St., Sacramento, CA 95814.

November 2021 California Cattleman 7


LISTEN WHILE YOU WORK by CCA Director of Communications Katie Roberti Every day, The California Cattlemen's Association is sorting a few. Remember, a podcast through the issues impacting California's ranching families is essentially just a recorded and producers. CCA leadership has developed Sorting Pen: The conversation. Don’t be California Cattleman Podcast to communicate those issues, discuss intimidated if listening to solutions and keep ranchers current on hot topics. podcasts is something brand When it came time to decide what to call this podcast, new for you. many name suggestions were thrown around the office. Some You can listen to all ideas were productive but just not quite right. Others were way of the episodes at https:/ out in left field. (I won’t tell you which CCA officer came up (no with the idea to call it “Scour Hour.”) “Sorting Pen” caught subscription or account is required) or find them on Spotify, my attention as it ties into ranching and can also relate to the Google Podcasts and Apple Podcasts by searching for “Sorting work CCA does around the clock sorting through the issues in Pen.” Be sure to subscribe to be notified about new episodes Sacramento and beyond the fences of your ranch. and take advantage of them downloading automatically to be Anyone who has ever helped sort cattle knows it’s a chore listened to even in locations without cellular service or Wi-Fi that can come with frustration, mistakes made and hard capabilities. New episodes are also announced in CCA’s weekly decisions—many of which have only been made more difficult Legislative Bulletin newsletter, sent out every Monday. recently due to this disastrous drought. On the other side, As a relatively new "podcaster," the success of this new working cattle can also come with reward, cherished memories communications tool so far is encouraging, and I want to thank and the accomplishment of a job well done. Working for CCA everyone who has listened and helped amplify it. (Also thank and representing ranching families and cattle operations from you to CCA’s Ryan Donahue for all his behind-the-scenes across the state embodies many of these same characteristics. work on each episode.) I am excited to hear feedback on the Not every day at CCA looks the same. There is always podcast in a few weeks when we gather in Reno for the 105th Annual CCA/CCW Convention and Tradeshow. While in something new on the horizon to tackle or sort through, but Reno, we will be recording episodes with current and past CCA on the other side of the challenge, there is usually at least one executive team members, various subcommittee members, takeaway we can be proud of or learn from. convention guest speakers and more. By November 1, seven episodes of Sorting Pen will be If you are attending the convention, I look forward to available, and I feel fortunate to have had the opportunity to seeing you there and hearing your comments and suggestions speak with the great cast of guests who have come on the podcast so far. However, no episode to date has given a better for improving Sorting Pen. If you don’t already have plans to insight into CCA’s sorting process than our episode released on attend, it’s not too late! Head over to our website and register October 18, “Episode 5: End of Legislative Session Takeover.” today. Either way, don’t hesitate to contact me anytime at with topic ideas or suggestions of In this extended episode, Kirk Wilbur, CCA’s Vice people who you would like to hear from on upcoming podcast President of Government Affairs and CCA contract lobbyist episodes. I’d love to hear your input. Jason Bryant of Bryant Government Affairs takeover the podcast to reflect and provide a recap on CCA's success in the first year of California's 2021-2022 legislative session. If you have yet to listen to an episode but are interested in hearing about what the world of working in public policy in Sacramento is like amid a pandemic, I highly suggest giving this episode a shot. The episode also gives background to how CCA-sponsored bills in the 2021 legislative session came to fruition. If talking policy isn’t up your alley, other previously published episodes include updates from CCA President Tony Toso, the California Cattleman’s Matt Macfarlane and WSR Insurance's Jason Bryant and Kirk Wilbur record episode 5 of the Sorting Pen, reviewing details of Jim Vann and Matt Griffith, to name

8 California Cattleman November 2021

this legislative session.


CLM REPRESENTATIVES Jake Parnell ..........................916-662-1298 George Gookin .................. 209-482-1648 Rex Whittle..........................209-996-6994 Mark Fischer ....................... 209-768-6522 Kris Gudel .............................916-208-7258 Steve Bianchi .....................707-484-3903 Jason Dailey ........................ 916-439-7761 Brett Friend ........................... 510-685-4870 Tod Radelfinger ..................775-901-3332

– ATTENTION CATTLEMEN – Call Your CLM Representative About Our Pickup Locations throughout Northern California and Nevada




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CCA-SPONSORED BILLS SIGNED INTO LAW by CCA Vice President of Government Affairs Kirk Wilbur In early October, Governor Gavin Newsom signed his name on two CCA-sponsored bills, capping off an extremely successful Legislative year for the Association. On October 6, Newsom signed Senate Bill 332 (Dodd), legislation which incentivizes the application of prescribed fire by minimizing prescribed fire practitioners’ exposure to liability. The following day, Newsom signed Assembly Bill 1103 (Dahle), which establishes a statewide framework for county “Livestock Pass” programs which safely provide livestock producers access to their ranches during wildfires and other emergencies. Both SB 332 and AB 1103 passed out of the State Assembly and Senate without recording a single “no” vote prior to receiving the Governor’s endorsement. The passage of these two bills closes the door on an incredibly successful Legislative year for CCA. In addition to having two sponsored bills signed into law, every bill that CCA opposed in 2021 failed to become law – with most failing to even garner a hearing in legislative policy committees. Meanwhile, virtually every bill CCA supported this year was either signed into law by Governor Newsom or is a two-year bill which will be taken up in 2022, the second year of California’s two-year Legislative Session. AB 1103 Governor Newsom signed CCA-sponsored Assembly Bill 1103 on October 7, part of a package of bills showcasing the Governor’s support for “communities across rural California” (for more information on the Governor’s rural communities package, see the October edition of Hot Irons). AB 1103 facilitates county adoption of “Livestock Pass” programs which grant ranchers and their managers ranch access during wildfires and other emergencies to safely care for and evacuate livestock. AB 1103 also empowers ranchers to provide local knowledge and expertise, such as the locations of access roads and water sources, to emergency responders who are often assigned to a fire from elsewhere in the state or even from outside the state, and

10 California Cattleman November 2021

thus unfamiliar with the local terrain. While some counties – including Ventura, Santa Barbara, Butte and others – have already developed emergency ranch access programs, other counties lack the resources to develop and implement Livestock Pass programs. AB 1103 requires CAL FIRE to establish a statewide training program for Livestock Pass holders, codifies a requirement that law enforcement and emergency responders grant ranch access to Livestock Pass holders and establishes certain minimum standards for administration of the programs, facilitating and streamlining adoption of county Livestock Pass programs throughout the state. Butte County’s Commercial Livestock Disaster Pass program has proven immensely valuable during this year’s Dixie Fire; CCA looks forward to AB 1103 facilitating the expansion of these vital programs throughout other counties within the state. Ranchers interested in developing a Livestock Pass program in their county and learning more about AB 1103 are encouraged to participate in an Ag Pass Informational Workshop to be held in conjunction with CCA’s 105th Annual Convention at the Peppermill in Reno, Nev. from Dec. 1-3. The workshop will be held Wednesday, Dec. 1 from 2:00-3:00pm, featuring experts who have developed Ag Pass and Livestock Pass programs in Santa Barbara County, Butte County and elsewhere. CCA thanks Assemblymember Megan Dahle (R-Bieber) for authoring this vital legislation and applauds Governor Newsom for signing the bill into law. Additionally, CCA staff commends the CCA Officer Team, CCA Fire Subcommittee and UC Cooperative Extension agents such as Matthew Shapero, Tracy Schohr and Dan Macon for their expertise and guidance as the Association navigated AB 1103 through the legislative process. SB 332 CCA-sponsored Senate Bill 332 reduces prescribed burners’ potential liability when a planned burn escapes control. Under existing law, when CAL FIRE responds to a

prescribed fire that escapes containment lines, the agency can seek ‘cost recovery’ from the prescribed burner for the agency’s fire-suppression costs. SB 332 will immunize prescribed fire practitioners from this cost recovery unless the practitioner acts in a grossly negligent manner. According to prescribed fire experts, this immunity from cost recovery will remove a significant disincentive to burners’ use of prescribed fire – thereby incentivizing greater application of “good fire” to the landscape. The version of SB 332 signed into law last month is a slight departure from the bill as it was introduced in early February. At that time, CCA had sought to immunize prescribed burners from lawsuits from private parties who suffer personal or property damage from an escaped prescribed fire. When that concept met heavy resistance from trial attorneys and insurers, CCA and Senator Dodd’s office pivoted to a bill that immunized burners from liability to the state, specifically CAL FIRE – the version of the bill ultimately signed into law. Fortunately, though, another bill signed into law this year will help to incentivize good fire by shielding prescribed burners from direct financial liability for damages to private property and persons. SB 170, the “budget bill junior” signed into law by Governor Newsom on September 23, included a $20 million Prescribed Fire Liability Pilot Program that was strongly supported by CCA. Through the pilot program, individuals whose property or person is harmed by escaped fires will be able to recoup losses from the claims fund, and thus those damages will not have to be paid out by the prescribed fire practitioner. Consequently, prescribed burners will now be shielded from liability to private individuals and CAL FIRE, removing the most significant disincentives preventing private burn bosses from applying prescribed burns. CCA applauds Governor Newsom for signing SB 332 and extends our sincere gratitude to Sen. Bill Dodd (D-Napa) for authoring the bill. As with AB 1103, the legislative effort could not have succeeded without the input of CCA’s Fire Subcommittee, particularly prescribed fire experts such as Lenya Quinn-Davidson of the Northern California Prescribed Fire Council. Looking Ahead to 2022 While both AB 1103 and SB 332 were signed into law early last month, the bills officially become law on January 1, 2022. In the meantime, CCA staff and officers are preparing for the second year of California’s two-year legislative

calendar, which begins after the Legislature gavels back into session on January 3, 2022. One CCA priority will be Assembly Bill 434, authored by Assemblymember Robert Rivas, Chair of the Assembly Agriculture Committee. AB 434 seeks to encourage additional livestock grazing on state-owned lands where grazing is consistent with the ecological purposes of those lands. Given the catastrophic wildfires of the past two years, many of which have quickly engulfed unmanaged state lands, there has been renewed focus throughout the state – including in Sacramento – on the use of well-managed livestock grazing as a method of removing fire fuels. Ample research, including recent investigations by UC Cooperative Extension agents, demonstrates that grazing can reduce the incidence, severity and spread of wildfire, promoting wildfire resilience in the state. CCA has also pushed the numerous other co-benefits of grazing. For instance, grazed rangelands sequester carbon – promoting the state’s ambitious “30x30” climate goals – and provide habitat for at least 85 threatened and endangered species within the state. Considering these benefits of well-managed grazing, AB 434 seeks to promote livestock grazing on state-owned lands previously closed to the practice. The bill also seeks to incentivize good grazing management by encouraging state agencies to provide longer-term leases and by shifting lease awards away from the current scoring method, which heavily favors only the highest bidders. Introduced in early 2021, AB 434 was designated a “two-year bill” and will be taken up by the Legislature in January of 2022. But CCA continues to message the benefits of well-managed grazing on state-owned lands. In mid-September, for instance, CCA wrote to Governor Newsom encouraging him to open state lands to emergency livestock grazing to help California’s ranchers weather the severe drought. The letter – which emphasizes the fire-fuels reduction and habitat benefits of grazing – mirrors a request that Newsom and other western governors made of President Joe Biden in August, asking that the federal government provide additional opportunities for livestock grazing on federal lands to alleviate drought impacts on ranchers. For further insights into SB 332 and AB 1103 – including insights into the political maneuvering that resulted in the bills being signed into law – listen to the October 18 edition of CCA’s Sorting Pen podcast, available at or wherever you listen to podcasts.

November 2021 California Cattleman 11

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+11 20% -1.6 10% +81 4% +136 10% +.24 50% +1.63 95% +1.02 35% +16.8 10% +15 3% +23 65% +21 30% CLAW ANGLE




+.55 70% +.51 60% +6.58 95% +79 1% +1.30 2% +1.18 1% -.029 10% +73 15% +93 2% +214 1% +351 1%




+9 30% +.5 35% +96 1% +175 1% +.35 1% +2.42 95% +.58 65% +14.2 20% +14 10% +22 70% +28 10%

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+.58 85% +.49 50% +.14 25% +77 2% +.87 15% +1.17 2% +.006 45% +72 20% +85 5% +195 2% +325 1%





MGS: AAR Ten X 0083 DMI






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SIRE: *Casino Bomber N33 DOC

+5 65% +2.4 75% +90 1% +162 1% +.34 2% +1.84 95% +.34 80% +11.0 65% +11 25% +22 75% +31 3% CLAW ANGLE










+.37 10% +.54 75% +5.89 95% +88 1% +1.09 10% +1.29 1% -.039 4% +70 30% +84 10% +222 1% +358 1%





MGS: #*VAR Discovery 2240 DMI




















Bull +*19541556 RADG

MGS: #+*Basin Payweight 1682






SIRE: *Spring Cove Reno 4021


+7 45% +3.3 90% +82 4% +145 4% +.33 3% +1.04 65% +.55 70% +14.0 25% +14 10% +23 65% +17 50% CLAW ANGLE










+.36 5% +.39 10% +.81 45% +80 1% +1.43 1% +.94 10% +.028 75% +71 20% +74 20% +228 1% +367 1%





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+9 30% +1.8 65% +77 10% +150 2% +.35 1% +1.83 95% +.50 70% +11.9 45% +9 45% +35 5% +18 45% CLAW ANGLE




+.48 40% +.52 65% +.52 35% +62 15% +1.07 10% +.92 10% -.029 10% +80 10% +95 1% +180 5% +313 2%




+7 45% +.6 35% +82 4% +145 4% +.29 15% +1.79 95% +.59 65% +15.1 20% +11 25% +33 10% +24 20%

Bull *19495995 SIRE: +*GAR Momentum K836 CED


+.49 45% +.37 10% +.14 25% +87 1% +.81 25% +.98 10% -.002 35% +72 25% +91 2% +201 1% +333 1%

Bull *19559741 SIRE: +*Baldridge Alternative E125 CED


+12 10% +.4 30% +82 4% +146 4% +.29 15% +1.69 90% +1.30 20% +12.0 50% +9 45% +30 20% +26 15%








+.44 25% +.36 4% +1.49 65% +82 1% +1.76 1% +1.05 3% -.039 4% +50 70% +81 10% +249 1% +373 1%





MGS: #*EF Commando 1366 SC


+4 70% +1.0 45% +68 25% +134 10% +.31 10% +1.51 90% +.26 85% +19.2 2% CLAW ANGLE










+0 95% +21 75% +20 35% $W



+.35 4% +.29 1% -.36 15% +61 15% +.98 10% +1.06 3% +.068 95% +92 2% +65 35% +186 3% +333 1%

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November 2021

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HOW CAN IT BE INCORPORATED IN BEEF CATTLE BREEDING PROGRAMS? by Maci Mueller, Ph.D. Candidate, University of California, Davis Leaders in all segments of the beef industry, from researchers to producers to allied industry partners, gathered this June to discuss and guide the improvement of the beef industry at the 2021 Beef Improvement Federation (BIF) Research Symposium and Convention. The symposium, held in Des Moines, Iowa, featured two and a half days of educational programming and a full day of tours. Thanks to the support of the California Beef Cattle Improvement Association (CBCIA), as a University of California, Davis (UC Davis), graduate student I was able to attend the symposium and gain valuable insight and understanding of the current status of beef cattle genetics and related technologies, in order to be better prepared for my future career as an animal geneticist. The theme for General Session 2 was “Precision Livestock Technology,” which Alison Van Eenennaam, Ph.D., explained was very fitting for her topic of “Gene Editing Today and in the Future” because gene editing is a form of precision animal breeding. Van Eenennaam, a Cooperative Extension Specialist in Animal Genomics and Biotechnology at the UC Davis first presented about the emerging technology of gene editing at the 2017 BIF during a technical breakout. Over the past five years gene editing has become an increasingly popular topic in animal breeding and recently the Red Angus Association of America announced, “they will provide herdbook registry of Red Angus animals carrying gene-edited traits for heat tolerance and coat color” ( beef/beef-breed-approves-gene-edited-traitsanimal-registration). Van Eenennaam updated the BIF audience on the latest gene editing research advancements and also discussed how this precision breeding technology could be incorporated into current beef cattle breeding programs. Before diving into gene editing, Van Eenennaam first described the current state of cattle breeding practices to set the stage for understanding how gene editing could fit in. The bovine genome (~3 billion base pairs) was first sequenced in 2009 and since then thousands of cattle have been sequenced. The ‘1000 Bull Genomes Project’ actually sequenced 2,703 bulls from all over the world and found over 86.5 million genomic variations, including SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphisms) and indels (small insertions/ deletions) between breeds. Van Eenennaam explained that this amazing genetic diversity, 14 California Cattleman November 2021

“is actually the engine that drives genetic improvement." That is what you are selecting on, this genetic variation that spontaneously occurs and that is the result of why different breeds of cattle exist and why different cattle are adapted to different environments.” Sequencing the bovine genome opened the door to genomics by enabling the development of high-density SNP chips, which were rapidly adopted by the global cattle breeding community. At first, there was some antagonism between genomics and quantitative genetics (i.e., expected progeny difference or EPD), but eventually it all came together to form an integrated system where genomics is incorporated as an additional data source to get a more accurate EPD. Van Eenennaam sees parallels of this genomics pathway with the future incorporation of gene editing to animal breeding. She explained that gene editing is a method to introduce a double strand break at a targeted location in the genome. The revolutionary part of gene editing is that an animal breeder can tell the gene editors (e.g., Zinc finger nuclease, TALENS, CRISPR/Cas9), which can be thought of as molecular scissors, exactly where in the genome to make the cut. The cell doesn’t like breaks in the DNA so it will try to repair the break. Sometimes the cell repairs the break incorrectly by adding or subtracting extra base pairs which can lead to the gene being inactivated, otherwise known as a “knockout.” Animal breeders may want to knockout ...CONTINUED ON PAGE 16

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breed associations, or performance recording, or genomic selection - it doesn’t replace any of that, it’s the cherry,” Van Eenennaam emphasized. She explained that while a cherry on top of an ice cream sundae is nice, you can still have a sundae without the cherry. Likewise, without gene editing we will still have very efficient breeding programs, but gene editing does provide a way to bring in useful genetic variation from other breeds without linkage drag. Van Eenennaam concluded with, “I see so much potential for genomics, reproductive technologies and genome editing to form a troika [a Russian vehicle pulled by a team of three horses abreast] that can really power breeding programs.”

a gene if it has a negative effect, like makes the animal susceptible to disease. On the other hand, if you want to “knock-in” a gene then you can provide a donor template, which has sequence similarity to the target site, and the cell will incorporate that donor template during repair. The donor template can be a copy of DNA from another breed of cattle (intraspecies) or even a different species (interspecies or transgenic). Using gene editing to knock-in a gene from another breed of cattle enables useful alleles to be introduced into elite germplasm without traditional crossbreeding. Traditional crossbreeding often brings in a lot of undesired genetic information, known as “linkage TABLE 1. TRAITS THAT HAVE BEEN OR MIGHT BE TARGETS drag” which refers to all of the unwanted traits that come FOR GENE EDITING IN CATTLE BREEDING PROGRAMS TARGET TARGETED TRAIT/GOAL along with the desired gene. Breeders then have to spend Animal health/ welfare several generations breeding out the unwanted genetics Intraspecies POLLED allele No horns/welfare trait while retaining the desired gene. substitution Intraspecies SLICK allele knockout Heat tolerance To answer the question of “how might gene editing Diluted coat color Heat tolerance be used in cattle breeding programs?” Van Eenennaam Disease Resistance (Elimination shared a table (Table 1) that listed all the traits that have Prion protein (PRNP) knockout prion protein) been reduced to practice (but are not commercially Insertion of lysostaphin/lysozyme Disease Resistance (Mastitis) available) and a few examples of what could be envisioned transgene Disease Resistance (Bovine with this technology (e.g., skewing sex ratios). Van CD18 gene edit Respiratory Disease) Eenenaam pointed out, “If we look at the target trait/ Disease Resistance Insertion of SP110, NRAMP1 (Tuberculosis) goal, we haven’t gone off the track. We still are interested Product yield or quality in productive animals, healthy animals and good product Myostatin (MSTN) gene knockout Increased lean muscle yield quality.” She noted that gene editing research in cattle Beta-lactoglobulin gene knockout Elimination of milk allergen to date has focused primarily on monogenic (single Reproduction and novel breeding schemes gene) traits because that is what is possible with the Calpain/calpastatin allele Improved meat tenderness substitution technology now. However, many of the traits animal Omega-3 (Fat-1) transgene Increased omega-3 fatty acids breeders care about are multi-genic (e.g., many genes effect marbling, growth, etc.). Moving forward it will be important to THE FUTURE continue using quantitative genetics and genomics to improve multi-genic traits and then gene editing can be used to complement this selection by efficiently introducing additional beneficial genes without linkage drag. The Beef Improvement Federation is currently in the process of developing GENOME REPRODUCTIVE GENOMICS EDITING guidelines on what data should be TECHNOLOGIES required from gene edited animals for breed association registration (http:// index.php/Data_From_Gene_Edited_ Animals). “I see editing as a cherry on top of the breeding sundae. It doesn’t replace Recent developments in the three fields of biotechnology, genomics and reproduction offer a troika of synergistic opportunities to accelerate the rate of genetic improvement in cattle.

16 California Cattleman November 2021

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BACK ONLINE Public Lands Council goes virtual for 53rd annual meeting by CCA Vice President of Government Affairs Kirk Wilbur The Public Lands Council (PLC) planned the organization’s 53rd Annual Meeting for September 8-10 in the beautiful coastal town of Seaside, Ore., about a 90-minute drive northwest of Portland. The location had been chosen in part in honor of PLC Immediate Past President Bob Skinner; Skinner’s term expired in 2020, and while PLC typically honors its outgoing presidents with a home-state Annual Meeting at the conclusion of their service, Skinner had been denied that honor due to COVID-19 travel restrictions forcing 2020’s 52nd Annual Meeting to go virtual. Unfortunately, Oregon’s rise in COVID-19 cases – driven by the highly-transmissible Delta variant – and meeting restrictions imposed by the state as a result of those rising infections caused PLC’s Seaside plans to be “washed ashore,” as PLC Executive Director Kaitlynn Glover put it in an email announcing the cancelation of the event. Instead, PLC’s 53rd Annual Meeting also became its second Virtual Annual Meeting, rescheduled for September 28 and hosted via the Zoom video conferencing platform. “While I was hoping this year would be my first in-

18 California Cattleman November 2021

person meeting, I am so pleased that despite the ongoing challenges, we are able to bring you high-quality policy gatherings in a virtual setting for the second year in a row,” wrote Glover, whose tenure at PLC began in January of 2020 just shortly before the pandemic took hold. PLC’s virtual meeting kicked off with a welcome message from PLC President Niels Hansen, a thirdgeneration cow/calf producer from Rawlins, Wyo. Virtual attendees also heard from Idaho Governor (and current Chair of the Western Governor’s Association) Brad Little. Governor Little has incredible insights into the value of livestock grazing on public lands. Not only does he govern an agriculture-rich state in which the majority of land is held by the federal government, he is also a lifelong sheep and cattle producer whose grandfather was known as “the sheep king of Idaho.” "In Idaho, public lands are integral to our livelihoods and we recognize we need to do all we can to keep these lands healthy,” Little said during the Opening General Session. “This requires active management.” Later in the morning, Glover and PLC Director of Operations Allie Nelson hosted a “PLC Engagement

Session” highlighting the organization’s outreach and communications to ranchers and to policymakers in Washington, D.C. Via PLC’s Daily Roundup, PLC highlights issues of importance to public lands ranchers in a short daily digest (CCA encourages public lands ranching permittees and others interested in public lands issues to subscribe at While the Daily Roundup reaches an audience of hundreds of ranchers each day, much of the value in this communication is in its reach to legislators and staffers on Capitol Hill, who are reminded daily of the vital importance of public lands ranching to the nation’s economy and environment. A weekend version – the Weekend Roundup – and a monthly Capital Issues newsletter are geared exclusively to ranchers and contain more editorial flavor than the daily digest. Glover also highlighted PLC’s social media engagement, in which the group highlights the importance of multipleuse management of our federal lands among other topics. In particular, Glover highlighted the writings of Dave Daley, Oroville, whose articles regarding the devastation of 2020’s Bear Fire on his allotment on the Plumas National Forest have been printed in publications like the Los Angeles Times and have been shared far and wide by PLC and CCA to federal policymakers. Perhaps the biggest highlight of the virtual meeting was the “30x30 Panel” primarily focused on the Biden Administration’s “America the Beautiful” initiative, which proposes to conserve 30 percent of the nation’s land and waters by 2030 in an effort to combat climate change and promote biodiversity. PLC was joined by Nada Culver, Deputy Director of the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) and Chris French, Deputy Chief of the U.S. Forest Service (USFS) for the discussion of the Biden Administration’s proposal. But the Biden Administration wasn’t the first U.S. jurisdiction to propose a 30x30 initiative – that distinction belongs to California, where Governor Gavin Newsom in October of 2020 announced the state’s own effort to conserve 30 percent of its lands and waters before the turn of the decade. To provide insights about California’s own plan and how it may intersect with the priorities of the federal government, PLC invited Jennifer Norris, Deputy Secretary for Biodiversity and Habitat at the California Natural Resources Agency, to participate in the panel. Livestock producers have been eager to find out what lands will ‘count’ as conserved for the federal government’s purposes, and while those determinations have not yet been officially made, Culver and French provided their perspectives on the issue. “How exactly you would measure each of those 155 million acres we'll probably need to talk about,” said Culver, referring to the acreage BLM permits for livestock grazing. “But yes, I think it's got to be part of the [America the Beautiful] effort if we want to succeed.”

Asked whether grazing allotments on USFS lands would count toward the Administration’s conservation target, French said “yes – that’s what our input is. The majority of national forest system lands meet that conservation goal.” French acknowledged that there may be lands which are unsuitable, such as parking lots or mines, but “all other lands should be included within this conservation goal.” While Norris didn’t clarify what lands would count toward California’s 30 percent conservation goal, she did note that California officials have had dialogues with federal officials regarding the two similar initiatives. Norris also had plenty of positive things to say about livestock producers. “There’s a lot of amazing conservation that goes on on working ranches,” Norris said, adding that “ranching practices help conserve California tiger salamander [and other] species that rely on vernal pools.” CCA and PLC remain closely engaged in the California and federal initiatives and will work to ensure that both 30x30 and the America the Beautiful initiatives recognize the benefits that private and public rangelands provide in terms of open space, carbon sequestration, species habitat and other environmental benefits. During the virtual meeting, PLC also announced recipients of $450,000 in grant funding it will be distributing to support research and educational programs intended to improve public lands ranching. The Western Resources Legal Center (WRLC) received a grant to “expand their program that educates attorneys on natural resource law and public lands advocacy.” WRLC has represented CCA and California cattle ranchers in numerous legal battles, including disputes over cattle grazing on the Devil’s Garden in the Modoc National Forest and ranch management in the Point Reyes National Seashore. Other grant recipients include: the Idaho Cattle Association, which will utilize the grant funds to study the impact of cattle grazing on sage grouse; Oregon State University, for research and education programs regarding fine fuels management in the Northern Great Basin; the Foundation for Ranch Management, which will produce an educational booklet on ranching to provide to urbanites moving to rural communities; the Oregon Cattlemen’s Association, which is working to develop a common riparian monitoring system for all federal agencies; and University of Nevada-Reno, which will use the funds to study dormant season grazing. While the virtual nature of the 2021 PLC Annual Meeting produced an efficient, informative meeting, public lands ranchers sorely missed the opportunity to gather around with friends for a second year in a row. With COVID-19 infections currently trending in the right direction throughout much of the country and numerous tools currently available to fight the pandemic, though, California’s public lands ranchers and the CCA staff look forward to an in-person meeting in 2022! November 2021 California Cattleman 19

Oklahoma Onion

Smash Burger Comfort in a Classic

by Ryan Donahue for the California Cattlemen's Association

This depression-era creation was born more from necessity than culinary curiosity. At the time beef was relatively expensive, onions were cheap and people were poor. The onions are used to fortify the beef patty in an effort to stretch the meat further. This style continues to delight diners in the midwest and beyond today because of its simplicity and novelty. In this preparation the onions are not caramelized yet the onions do lose their sulfur-like compounds by steaming on the griddle.

ingredients • Ground beef - one-half pound per person (assuming people will have multiple) • American cheese (optional but recommended) • Onions (any) - two onions per pound of beef • Burger buns (on the smaller side) • Yellow mustard • Kosher salt

tools• Griddle or cast iron pan • Large spatula • Mandolin (optional)


20 California Cattleman November 2021

Portion your ground beef into the size of a golfball (about 3 ounces). Don't over work the meat. THINLY slice onions on a mandolin or with a sharp knife. It doesn't matter what shapes you end up with just as long as the onions are thinly sliced. Heat up your griddle (we're aiming for 420 degrees) and toast all of the buns you intend to use while the griddle is coming to temperature. If using American cheese this would be a good time to unwrap the slices (this cook is quick). Once it reaches temperature place beef balls (as many that will fit while allowing space) and top with a GENEROUS handfull of onions. Using your spatula use both hands (a towel or oven mit could be useful here) and smash the onions into the patty until the patty is about a quarter-inch thick. At this temperture with this method the patty will be ready to flip in under a minute. Once you see beautiful brown edges on the bottom flip the patties so the onion side is down. Season with salt and top with cheese. Once the cheese is melted transfer the patties to the toasted buns and top with mustard. Nothing wrong with eating two or three. Enjoy!

NCBA and PLC: Administration Can't Designate Their Way to a Conservation Win on Paper On Sept. 30, the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA) and Public Lands Council (PLC) criticized the Biden administration’s unilateral decision to put sweeping federal designations on millions of acres surrounding the Bears Ears National Monument and Grand StaircaseEscalante National Monument in Utah. After months of rhetoric touting their intent to work collaboratively with state governments and local communities, the administration opted to make these designations rather than create a conservation strategy that would incorporate local stakeholder input and avoid the management whiplash of a unilateral federal designation. By ignoring efforts to reach a constructive, permanent solution, the administration has prolonged the back-andforth political football that occurs with national monument boundaries during each change of administration. “Rural states and communities across America are, sadly, all too familiar with the federal government’s routine of feigned partnership. Monument designations may bring the White House closer to scoring ‘conservation’ points on paper but in reality, they lead to the kind of preservation strategies that we know from experience do not support healthy ecosystems long-term,” said NCBA Executive Director of Natural Resources and PLC Executive Director Kaitlynn Glover. “Conservation is more than signing a piece of paper and

considering the matter closed. Conservation requires longterm planning. Conservation requires active management. Conservation requires the help and investment of knowledgeable land users, local residents and state leaders who can perform the day-to-day work of maintaining landscapes and ecosystems. We will deliver that message to President Biden and his team as many times as needed,” she added. Today’s proclamations expand Bears Ears to a total of 1.36 million acres and Grand Staircase-Escalante to 1.87 million acres, directly in conflict with the Antiquities Act’s direction to designate the “smallest area compatible” with the desired protections. Designations made under the Antiquities Act — now more than a century old — prohibit many land management tools. Restricting local communities’ ability to respond quickly and nimbly to historic drought, record-breaking wildfire seasons and a host of other environmental challenges is not a sustainable strategy for land management. NCBA and PLC ranchers will continue to work with local Bureau of Land Management teams, conservation and wildlife groups, rural communities and state governments to employ multi-faceted land management strategies that protect America’s most iconic landscapes for generations to come.

November 2021 California Cattleman 21

sites insight

past and present status on North State reservoir proposal from the staff of the California Cattlemen's Association

This article is the first in a series of articles regarding the proposed Sites Reservoir. This first article will provide some basic information on what Sites is and some of the history behind it. This article will also touch briefly on some other reservoir and surface water storage projects, groundwater storage, fish, water conveyance, safe drinking water, habitat restoration and other issues which are all part of the equation in implementation and funding for any future water storage project such as Sites. Over the decades, through a series of legislation, ballot propositions, federal policies and executive decisions, the state has evolved from the 1950s strategy of water management. It used to be: get it from where it is to where it is needed. Now water is viewed as serving many new purposes in addition to human consumption, agriculture and industry.

What is Sites Reservoir?

Many people, especially in the north state, are familiar with the proposed Sites Reservoir that is envisioned to be able to store 1.5 million-acre feet (AF) of water in an off-stream location. 1.5 million AF translates to about 489 billion gallons, enough water to theoretically supply California’s entire population for personal consumption for 124 days, assuming the reservoir was full and then drained down to the bottom. Sites would provide storage for an impressive amount of water and would be the tenth largest reservoir in the state by volume of water once completed and filled. Off-stream reservoirs do not dam a river, instead they are designed to be a holding area for water that is diverted from a nearby river via pipeline or canals. Motorists who have traveled west from I-5 near Santa Nella to Gilroy or Monterey have driven past the San Luis Reservoir, which is an off-stream reservoir holding over 2 million AF of water. Originating in the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta (Delta), San Luis’ water is conveyed south in the California Aqueduct, whereupon it is pumped up from the aqueduct to be stored for distribution. The water has been used for agriculture and municipal water supply since 1967 and San Luis is currently the largest off-stream facility in the country.

Origin of the Sites Reservoir concept

The Sites Reservoir was originally supposed to be part of the second stage of the State Water Project about 40 years ago, but that idea died as collateral damage when the proposed peripheral canal project was killed at the ballot box in the election of 1982. Stage I of the State Water Project was Oroville Dam, the California Aqueduct and their attendant hydroelectric plants and pumping stations, which began construction in the '60s. Stage II was for a 22 California Cattleman November 2021

peripheral canal to take water from Northern California, divert it around the Delta and move it southwards. Sites was to be part of Stage II. The Sites concept then languished until 2009 when State Sen. Dave Cogdill (R-Modesto) authored a bill to get a water bond on the 2010 ballot which sought to, among many other things, fund surface water storage projects. The bill was signed into law by Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger, but because of the state’s budget problems at the time, the legislature held off on putting it on the ballot until 2012. It was again pulled back from the ballot for the same reasons as before. A similar effort (AB 1471) was launched in 2014 by Assemblyman Anthony Rendon (D-Lakewood) and subsequently signed in to law by Gov. Jerry Brown. AB 1471 put Proposition 1 on the Nov. 4, 2014 ballot. Proposition 1 was titled the Water Quality, Supply and Infrastructure Improvement Act of 2014 and it was overwhelmingly approved by 67 percent of the voters. Proposition 1 authorized the issuance of $7.12 billion to finance a water quality, supply and infrastructure improvement program. Proposition 1 also reallocated $425 million from unissued past bond funding to help finance Proposition 1. Proposition 1 was to be implemented immediately upon passage of the bond act. Sites was not mentioned by name in Proposition 1, rather a portion of the bond language designated $2.7 billion to the California Water Commission for “water storage projects that improve the operation of the state water system.” This section of the bond language identified surface storage, groundwater storage, conjunctive use (a blend of surface and groundwater storage) and local and regional surface storage projects. Surface storage projects were limited to only those projects identified in the

CALFED Bay-Delta Program Record of Decision (ROD) of Aug. 28, 2000. CALFED was a partnership between the state and federal government agencies which sought to create a comprehensive water management program that would improve drinking water quality, provide for watershed restoration and invest in storage and conveyance projects. CALFED identified twelve potential surface storage projects for consideration and two requiring further consideration, one of which was Sites, which in 2000 was envisioned to be 1.9 million AF (400,000 AF larger than it is now being considered). CALFED felt that Sites could “enhance water management flexibility,” reduce the need divert water from the Sacramento River during fish migration periods and provide benefits for other CALFED programs. Therefore, Sites can be eligible for Proposition 1 funds, however it must compete against many other projects and overcome environmental concerns regarding the impact of building a new reservoir which would cover 14,000 acres of land including 900 acres of oak woodland and 70 acres of vernal pool habitat. Furthermore, some environmental groups believe that Sites, in diverting some water from the Sacramento River and the other tributaries to supply the reservoir, would adversely impact the flows of those already impacted waterways. Two other projects of note that were mentioned in the CALFED ROD in 2000 were expanding the capacity of Lake Shasta by raising the dam three to six feet to store an extra 300,000 AF of water and raising the dam at Los Vaqueros Reservoir in Contra Costa County. Los Vaqueros was eventually expanded to be able to store up to 160,000 AF in 2012. Expansion of Lake Shasta has undergone multiple proposals and studies for expansion since 2000, but that project has still not come to fruition. These projects and other surface storage initiatives all engender concern and pushback from environmentalists and proponents of other solutions to the state’s water supply problem. In addition to the obvious ecological concerns associated with any plan to change the natural habitat, many groups believe the state should restrict personal, agricultural and commercial water use through conservation and recycling measures and rationing has even been discussed. Some groups also think that the state should focus its energies on groundwater storage/

groundwater replenishment rather than above ground storage.

California Water Action Plan

In January 2014, during his State of the State speech, Brown announced a five-year plan to increase the reliability of the state’s water resources, as well as providing restoration and resiliency to the system via the California Water Action Plan. He convened an Interagency Drought Task Force, called on all citizens to conserve water and asked regulators to rebalance water rules, expand water recycling, expand storage and manage groundwater. He also stressed the need for safe drinking water, watershed restoration and addressing the Delta. In 2016, the Water Action Plan was updated by the governor with 10 priority actions to guide the state’s effort to achieve its water goals. Amongst these priorities was the need to expand water storage and improve groundwater management. In addition to reservoirs, groundwater storage is envisioned by the state to be an equally valid method of water storage. Groundwater storage is accomplished by replenishing groundwater basins by percolation or direct injection. The Water Action Plan acknowledges that surface and groundwater storage can work in conjunction with each other, however it also states that “surface storage can be challenging for environmental or financial reasons.” There are concerns that as groundwater aquifers empty, the ground subsides around them and leads to a loss of that water holding capacity for the future. The Water Action Plan states that today’s “demand for water goes well beyond water supply and flood management, the traditional purposes for which California’s major reservoirs were built.” This is a key point. Today’s policymakers emphasize that future water storage systems must also “provide widespread public and environmental benefits, such as seasonal fish flows, improved water quality, [and] water cool enough to sustain salmon.” The Water Action Plan goes on to suggest that any funding of additional water storage must not just provide local water use benefits, but must also serve the broader public benefits mentioned above. The Water Action Plan also indicated that the ...CONTINUED ON PAGE 24

November 2021 California Cattleman 23

...CONTINUED FROM PAGE 23 administration and the Legislature would work toward making funding available if the cost is shared with local partners and stakeholders. To this end, the administration pledged to work with the Legislature to “share in the cost of storage projects if funding partners step forward.” The state would “facilitate” the process amongst “local partners and stakeholders to complete feasibility studies.” The Water Action Plan noted that a joint powers agreement known as the Sites Project Authority, which was formed in 2010 by local government entities, “is a potential emerging partnership that can help federal and state government determine the viability of a proposed off stream storage project” at Sites. The Sites Project Authority is comprised of representatives from special districts, agencies and counties who have a vested interest in working with state and federal agencies to get the reservoir built.

Governor’s Executive Order N-10-19, April 20, 2019

On April 29, 2019, Governor Newsom issued an executive order which directed the state’s Natural Resources Agency, Environmental Protection Agency, Department of Food and Agriculture and Department of Finance to prepare a water resilience portfolio. The purpose of the portfolio was to reassess the priorities of the Water Action Plan, conform to new concepts of climate change, recognize the growing population and improve integration amongst the agencies. Other than stating the need to have the state inventory and assess water demand and available water supply, there wasn’t much about surface storage. However, there was mention of agricultural groups as one of many stakeholders including environmental justice, academic experts and myriad government agencies to “inform the process.” Therefore, going forward, it will continue to be very important for the California Cattlemen’s Association to continue its active participation in not only the Sites project, but in a large array of California water policy because of the interconnectedness of the entire state’s water needs.

Water Resilience Portfolio

On July 28, 2020, Gov. Gavin Newsom released the final version of the portfolio put together by the state’s resource related agencies and departments. The portfolio again stresses that no single solution can solve California’s water challenges, therefore the plan will “embrace a broad, diversified approach,” broken down in to four categories: Maintaining and diversifying water supplies, protect and enhance natural ecosystems, improve physical infrastructure for conveyance and prepare for threats such as flood and drought. One part of the portfolio compares reservoir capacity versus groundwater basin capacity and notes that California’s groundwater basins can store over 850 million AF, while the combined reservoir capacity of the state amounts to 50 million AF. It is also noted that two-thirds of water used by people comes from surface supply, while one-third is obtained from groundwater supply. However, in 24 California Cattleman November 2021

some areas that are mainly dependent on groundwater, the aquifers are being depleted and causing subsidence. The portfolio acknowledges that surface storage has played an important part in the state’s water supply but also points out that it does pose environmental costs. The portfolio also suggests that it may become necessary to fallow farmland to allow aquifers to recharge, stating that “of the total water supply used directly by people, roughly 80 percent is used to grow food and fiber.” While Sites is not mentioned by name, the portfolio states that “aquifers and off-stream reservoirs are the most feasible places to store additional water in the future” because they do not affect the environment to the same extent as damming rivers.

A complex issue with many policies and competing interests

The bottom line of all of this seems to be that the majority of California’s policymakers grudgingly accept that off-stream surface storage projects like Sites have a place in the solution to the state’s water woes. However, it is clearly portrayed in all of the above policies, studies and pronouncements that there are a lot of competing interests that will need to be accommodated before an off-stream reservoir like Sites is constructed. Subsequent articles will cover what is being done and the different players involved in the Sites debate. There is a popular saying at the State Capitol that portrays the importance of being engaged: “If you are not at the table, you are on the menu.” CCA is and will continue to be at that table and not on it.


They upcycle by eating human-inedible plants and converting them into high-quality protein that sustains people.1,2

The adoption of a grazing management plan can boost farm and ranch sustainability by increasing forage production and adding to the bottom line. Wholesome beef for people. Land that’s nourished for future generations. Learn more: 1.

Council for Agricultural Science and Technology (CAST). 1999. Animal Agriculture and Global Food Supply. Task force report N. 135 July 1999, Department of Animal Science, University of California, Davis, CA, USA. Available at: 2. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Nutrient Requirements of Beef Cattle: Eighth Revised Edition. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. November 2021

California Cattleman 25


NCBA DELIVERING RESULTS IN WASHINGTON, D.C., FOR CATTLE PRODUCERS NATIONWIDE from the National Cattlemen's Beef Association When you switch on cable news or talk radio, it can feel as though there is a fresh crisis in Washington, D.C., every day. This perpetual sense of urgency is often mismatched to reality. Soundbites might take only minutes to go viral but real, meaningful changes happen at a slow and steady pace. “When you look at important NCBA victories like repealing the 2015 ‘Waters of the United States’ rule, delisting the gray wolf, or preserving the step-up in basis for farmers and ranchers, none of those happened overnight,” said NCBA Vice President of Government Affairs Ethan Lane. “Fending off disastrous policy changes and securing wins that have a tangible impact on our members takes weeks, months or even years of work on the part of our team in Washington.” How does NCBA carve out a path to success for our members, especially when the terrain and end point are far from certain? Engaging proactively and regularly with decisionmakers is critical to NCBA’s ability to deliver concrete wins. “The constant dialogue with members of Congress, leaders in the administration and policymakers at agencies like USDA and EPA is why our team does the work that we do, and why NCBA is better-represented in the policy conversation in Washington than any other association in agriculture. We take the directions that we’re given by our members through the grassroots policy process, and then we move the ball the forward – yard by yard – until we are where we need to be,” Lane said. One issue that exemplifies this slow-but-steady march toward results is NCBA’s work on taxes. For months, lawmakers have been determining where to get the funding for the Biden administration’s massive “Build Back Better” spending plans, and tax hikes on family agricultural operations are on the short list. In mid-September the U.S. House Committee on Ways & Means considered legislation proposing roughly $2 trillion worth of tax increases as part of a budget reconciliation bill. Eliminating stepped-up basis would be a major revenue raiser and as such, has been one of the main provisions of the tax code on the chopping block. After months of NCBA-led pushback, the House Ways & Means Committee ultimately preserved stepped-up basis in their bill, a significant first victory for cattle farmers

26 California Cattleman November 2021

and ranchers. Stepped up basis comes into play during the generational transfer of family farms and ranches. When an operation is passed on to an heir, stepped up basis essentially resets the basis of the asset’s value to the current fair market value at the time of the owner’s death. This matters because farms and ranches typically stay with one owner for decades; during that time, the value of land often grows exponentially. Treating that appreciation in value as a taxable event – paired with the estate tax – hits heirs twice with an enormous tax burden. The House package now being debated in Congress also includes an expansion of the Section 2032A Special Use Valuation, for which NCBA has long advocated. The 2032A provision allows producers to elect to value their land based on its actual use or productive value in agriculture, not on the price tag it would fetch if sold to a developer. That lower figure is then used to calculate the family's estate tax burden. The budget reconciliation bill has a long road ahead before becoming law, and the Senate may still revisit misguided proposals the House failed to consider. NCBA knows that preserving stepped up basis and expanding 2032A will ultimately help more farmers and ranchers stay in business and will be fighting for producers every step of the way. Another steady drumbeat in Washington has been a focus on climate and environmental issues. President Biden made clear before taking office that addressing climate change would be a keystone issue of his administration – and from day one of the transition, NCBA was at the table to make cattle producers’ voices heard. “Our approach to these kinds of issues has to be twofold. We are pushing for priorities that have been outlined by our members, and we’re also spending a lot of time defending wins that were secured during the previous administration. That second piece is often overlooked, but it’s vital to hold the line for our members – and we’ll go to court to accomplish that, if necessary,” Lane said. NCBA is involved in litigation to defend the delisting of the fully recovered gray wolf and to fight for much-needed reforms to the “Waters of the United States” rule. We are leading the industry by setting voluntary, member-driven sustainability goals. We are also working to shut down

insidious legislation in Congress that is designed to regulate animal agriculture out of existence. We are directing and redirecting the administration constantly to make sure that the implementation of the “America the Beautiful” or 30x30 plan prioritizes the needs of our members – and doesn’t infringe on their private property rights. This multifaceted strategy has yielded real results. The cattle industry is the loudest — and sometimes the only — voice from agriculture represented in many of the key discussions happening at USDA and EPA on all these issues and more. Sometimes the most tangible wins we deliver for our members don’t cover new territory. Every month since the beginning of the pandemic, NCBA has successfully fought to secure an extension of the exemption from hours of service (HOS) regulations for livestock haulers. Transporting live cattle in a manner that is humane, safe and efficient is a top priority for our members and livestock haulers. Transportation directly impacts animal safety and well-being, as well as the security of a reliable, efficient beef supply chain. The existing HOS regulations for livestock haulers limit on-duty time to 14 hours, with a maximum drive time of 11 consecutive hours. The driver must then rest for 10 consecutive hours before returning to duty. For the great majority of trips made by our livestock haulers, this is simply not enough drive time to accommodate the realities of hauling live animals across the country. NCBA is working hard to ensure federal regulations are flexible enough to allow our drivers to do their jobs safely and humanely, while keeping grocery store shelves stocked with beef. “Many other trade associations would not put in the hours, over and over, to secure this exemption for well over a year now,” Lane said. “This is a perfect example of an issue that’s not very flashy, but NCBA’s persistence has made a real difference to the bottom line of many of our producers. That consistent groundwork is what sets us apart.”

Your story makes all the difference by National Cattlemen's Beef Association President Jerry Bohn One of the most unique aspects of our industry is the importance of legacy. For many of us, our accomplishments today are thanks to the generations before us that acquired and improved land. While many of us work on the same land as our fathers and grandfathers, we are seeing a new generation of cattle producers joining our industry for the first time. For everyone in the cattle industry, a fair tax code is essential to our success. Throughout the summer, Congress and the White House have been negotiating a series of infrastructure proposals with the potential for a high price tag. Farmers and ranchers have always paid their fair share, but the federal budget can’t be balanced on the backs of our nation’s producers. We have repeated that message early and often in the halls of Congress as NCBA fights to protect long-standing tax provisions that support family farms and ranches. As co-chair of the Tax Aggie Coalition, NCBA recently spearheaded a letter to Congressional leadership urging them to maintain crucial agricultural tax provisions like stepped-up basis, like-kind exchanges, the Section 199A small business deduction and the current estate tax code provisions. Nearly 330 trade associations signed on to the letter demonstrating to Congress that agriculture stands united. The current tax situation is important to more than just producers, it impacts consumers as well. With more than 370 million acres expected to change hands in the next two decades, preserving these important tax provisions supports future producers and protects access to safe, abundant and affordable foods for consumers. NCBA is fighting to limit the tax burden and protect producer profitability, but the strongest tool we have is you sharing your personal story with your elected officials. Often, members of Congress do not understand the unique structure of family-owned farms and ranches. Tax changes being discussed in Washington will impact agricultural operations much differently than traditional wealthy estate owners. Your elected officials should hear how tax proposals will impact you, and I encourage you to continue being a voice for sound tax policy. Another issue impacting our profitability is “Waters of the United States” (WOTUS). NCBA has long fought against the extremely harmful 2015 WOTUS rules that vastly expanded government authority over producers’ stock ponds and irrigation ditches, covering them in government red tape. In 2020, the Trump administration finalized the Navigable Waters Protection Rule (NWPR) to undo the damage caused by the 2015 WOTUS rule. NWPR limited federal overreach and finally provided some regulatory certainty to cattle farmers and ranchers. NCBA defended NWPR in court on numerous occasions but in August, a federal court in Arizona struck down NWPR. This decision has left the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to return to the pre-2015 WOTUS rules and regulations causing further uncertainty for producers. Over the coming months, the Biden administration will be crafting new WOTUS rules and NCBA is actively monitoring the rulemaking process to ensure that your voice is heard by the White House, EPA and the Army Corps of Engineers. When the EPA and Army Corps held public listening sessions on WOTUS just a few weeks ago, I was happy to see NCBA members and state affiliates sharing their perspective with policymakers and urging the agencies to consider clear regulations that reduce the burden on cattle producers. We have said it time and time again—the most powerful advocacy tool we have in D.C., is your realworld impact stories. By making your voice heard on issues like OPEN YOUR SMART taxes and WOTUS, you are PHONE CAMERA preserving the success of our AND SCAN THIS industry for generations to CODE TO SIGN come. Thank you for being an NCBA'S WOTUS advocate and for being part of NCBA. LETTER TO THE EPA! November 2021 California Cattleman 27



by Anita Varga, DVM, MS, DACVIM, bovine specialist, California Department of Food and Agriculture Bovine brucellosis (Brucella abortus), also called bangs disease, is a contagious, infectious and communicable bacterial infection that can lead to abortion, stillbirths or birth of weak calves, reduced milk production and infertility in cattle. This disease, known as undulant fever in humans, can be transmitted through consumption of infected milk and other excretions such as uterine fluid. In people, infection with brucellosis can have serious chronic health consequences such as fatigue, headaches, high fever and chills, joint pain, weight loss and a decreased appetite. As ranchers are likely aware, California has been bovine brucellosis free since 1997 and hence the Cattle Health Advisory Task Force recommended a change in the brucellosis vaccination requirement laws for beef breed cattle in California as well as beef breed cattle moving into the state due to the very low risk of brucellosis infection. Additionally, the United States has been classified as brucellosis free since 2009. What has changed for female beef breed cattle? Effective Oct. 1, 2021, calfhood brucellosis vaccination of female beef breed cattle is not mandatory. However, at the request of the owner, beef cattle can be still be vaccinated for brucellosis with an approved Brucella vaccine between four months and 12 months of age. What about calfhood brucellosis vaccinations for female dairy breed cattle? Calfhood vaccination for female dairy breed cattle has not changed and all female dairy cattle shall be vaccinated between four months and 12 months of age.

28 California Cattleman November 2021

What about the movement of cattle within California (intrastate movement)? Brucellosis vaccination is not required for female beef breed cattle moving within the state or changing ownership within California. Please be reminded that movement of female dairy breed cattle within California still requires brucellosis vaccination. What about Interstate Movement? Brucellosis vaccination is not required for female beef breed cattle entering California. However, based on the current animal traceability regulations all beef breed cattle over the age of six months need to be individually identified with an official identification such as a NUES tag or an electronic RFID tag prior to shipment to California. Brucellosis vaccination is still required for female dairy breed cattle entering California. Also, cattle moving into California from a designated brucellosis surveillance area still require a negative brucellosis blood test obtained within 30 days prior shipment to California. These new laws are helping the California cattle industry to facilitate a simpler movement of cattle within the State and enhances the movement of cattle coming into California. It also decreases the costs of vaccinations. Please contact the CDFA Animal Health Branch (AHB) permit desk with any questions regarding movement requirements of cattle at 916-900-5002 or send an email to Additionally you can access the updated code of regulations (CCR) following this link: https://www.cdfa.



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It was a year ago this week. The anguish of the monster North Complex Wildfire. Devastation that killed a forest, killed a watershed, killed the wildlife as they fled on fire, killed an entire ecosystem and killed 12 people. It destroyed the town of Berry Creek, destroyed some of the most beautiful habitat in the United States including burning through the spectacular Feather Falls scenic area. Our cow herd and their baby calves were killed. Burnt alive in tragic and unimaginable terror. It will haunt me forever. My family history spanning six generations of taking cows to the mountains above Lake Oroville in the Plumas National Forest, from the 1800s to 2020, destroyed. Gone in a fleeting 24 hours that burned 200,000 acres with devastating winds, tinder dry fuels and no way to stop it. The solution to avoid this catastrophe was forgotten decades ago from misguided management. Well intentioned, bad ideas that were implemented without ever asking the locals who have deep connections to place and an understanding of what may be needed. Policies were developed by those who don't live here and don’t know the land. "Let's protect the land by stopping active forestry, prescribed fire, and grazing." Good job. Look where it has gotten us. Misplaced knowledge, inappropriately and broadly applied across different ecosystems, coupled with a smattering of arrogance and ignorance by those who “know better." The crisis we have all helped to create puts so many of us in danger, especially those on the front line. Yet despite the danger, the first responders always show up. My thanks, and deep gratitude to all those in the way of this beast and the other fires you now face. Some of you have heard the story (read it here: https://, so I will spare the details, but until you have experienced devastation of this magnitude up close and personal, I would ask you to be thoughtful and not be quick to offer advice. Please, ask those of us who are part of the forest and have seen the devil in person – a fire of such scope that it is truly hard to fathom. No tragedy is ever the same. I empathize with those who have dealt with fires in different ecosystems, or floods, blizzards, or hurricanes. Each situation is difficult, unique, and personal. The tragedy is what binds, but don’t make assumptions and offer solutions. Your understanding and support are enough. Almost a year to this day the Bear Fire (one of 21 lightningsparked fires which formed the North Complex Fire) tore through our mountain range where we have trailed cattle for 150 years. The unstoppable monster ate everything. Everything. There was no stopping it. Cows and calves killed side by side with bear and deer, all hunting for water, dying horrible deaths with no oxygen as the fire sucked it away. Those who died 30 California Cattleman November 2021

quickly were the lucky ones. Others couldn’t escape – in slow torture, with burnt hooves, eyes, hides, lungs – some with their legs burnt off but still breathing. And we just hoped we could find them to end their suffering rather than know the pain of dying over days and weeks. Their pain never leaves until their last breath. Our pain never leaves. We spent the longest month of my life searching for survivors. We spent 16- to 20-hour days and little sleep in between as the scenes you witnessed kept flashing before your eyes. We couldn't have done it without that bond of family and friendship. To find a calf two weeks after the fire that could barely stand, with eyes gone and hooves gone is an image you can't forget. The agony, for the animal and the people, will never fade. We couldn’t take cows to the mountains this year. That hurt. It was a hard decision personally, even though the Forest Service and Sierra Pacific, the private timber company we lease from, were supportive. There was nothing for the cattle to return to. My mom couldn’t go. At 90 years of age, it is the first year she hasn’t gone since 1948 when she married my dad and it began the cycle of cows, kids, family, the mountains and back to the foothills. I hated losing that chance for her. I find it amusing at how easily we bandy the term “resilient.” Look to her or people like her and you will find the true definition. Each ecosystem is different. Some will recover quickly, and some may never be the same. Rainfall, topography, tree and plant species, soil type, restoration efforts and more. You don’t replace 100-year-old to 150-year-old trees. Not in my lifetime. Not in my one-year-old granddaughters Juni’s lifetime. I hate it. I force myself to go to the fire scar about every two or three weeks. Each time leaves me with an ache in the pit of my stomach. When I don’t go for a few weeks, the hurt fades. The trip picks at a healing scab, and sometimes draws blood. In time, I hope the scab will fade to a scar, but it will never leave. This is the time of year when cows would just begin to calve, and we would make plans for the fall gather. Placing salt and mineral strategically, working on the “catch pens” (those contraptions weren't good enough to deserve to be called a corral!) and assessing the conditions of the land. On a crisp late summer day, you could start to feel the hint of fall in your bones. You always hoped for a summer thunder shower (without lightning!) to freshen the grass and browse and settle dust. You can see the active logging of Sierra Pacific, removing the dead trees as quickly as they can. Hundreds of loads of logs are moved each day. It is hard to look at the land without the majestic conifers, but it is clearly the right thing to do. Sierra Pacific has already started to replant. Maybe Juni’s granddaughters will see the land as I knew it? I can only hope. So far, I see no activity on any National Forest land. I know

that they are trying to move forward with salvage logging projects in the fire scar and may be close to success. I don’t fault the local USFS personnel, but the bureaucracy moves like a tortoise. A very slow tortoise. The regulatory hurdles, coupled with the threats of legal action from extremists, paralyze progress. The sheer scope of rules and regulations and dotted i’s and crossed t’s are incredible. I feel sorry for those who want to act within the agency. We will wait and watch all those massive dead giants fall in a raging north wind this autumn, setting up another frightening fuel load. I try not to be angry, but it is so maddening I am not sure I can give voice to my frustration. And these fires are clearly not just about me. This year we have the Dixie Fire, the Beckwourth Complex, the Caldor Fire…and so many more, and we aren’t even to the typical fire season! I watch and hurt for the town of Greenville. For so many who lost their homes, their livelihoods or even their lives. If you have never driven the Feather River Canyon on State Route 70, you missed an amazing scenic world that can’t be described. It is burnt from one end to the other. When do the state and the federal governments actually do more than talk about the issue? I have been encouraged with my discussions in both Sacramento and Washington, D.C., on both sides of the aisle. I hear the right people saying the right thing, which is a major step. Thank you. But quit talking and do something. Put resources to bear where we can see change. I am waiting for a politician or a bureaucrat to have the guts to just DO SOMETHING besides talk, regardless of party. We don’t need another damn study or debate or an expensive think tank. Ask the locals about controlling fuel loads. Now. Not next year. And for those of you who want to make this political or a "California" issue only, you are mistaken. Most of these mega fires occur on National Forest (federal land) regardless of the right or left ideology of the Administration and Congress. This shouldn't be that hard. Where are the grants to local

communities for fire hardening? Resources to create jobs in fuel reduction for the private sector? And the list goes on and on. And it can be done at both the state and federal levels. We are going back to our mountain range with a few friends and family in late September. We volunteered to rebuild an iconic little springhouse that was burnt at Tamarack Flat. And my thanks to the local Forest Service who helped us work through the complex process to approve the project. I know they care, and they are deeply connected to the mountains as am I. The springhouse is a small speck in a vast land. But I must cling to hope. Hope that people will listen and work together. That we can learn to understand and make change. I hope for local input and local partnerships. Quit attacking each other on social media. What a waste of time, energy, and a cowardly way to criticize anyone who disagrees with you. We don’t all have to agree. I just wish we could listen respectfully and learn from each other. The hurt is real. It diminishes over time and then hits hard when I visit the mountains or see the very few severely scarred cows that lived. It will be hard to ever sell those cows, productive or not. They made it out alive and are a constant reminder of our smallness in the presence of nature. Those cows, the last survivors, stay on the ranch. So, I look for hope. The small aspen I saw that germinated, a few ferns here, chokecherry there, a tiny glade with grass. Not much. But symbols of the future. You don’t stay ranching unless you think next year will be better than this year! It is who we are. Respect and work with nature. Respect and work with the cattle and the land. Be kind. Don’t fight with people you disagree with. Listen. And, at best, try to understand. At worst, walk away. You won’t change them, and they won’t change you. We are driving cows to the mountains above Feather Falls in 2022. One long year off out of 150 - I can’t wait! Next year will be better. That promise is what drives us all.

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In Memory MARY LYONS Mary Lynne (Houghtaling) Lyons, matriarch of the Lyons' family and "Sheriff" of the storied Mape's Ranch in west Modesto, passed peacefully in her home surrounded by her loving family on Sept. 18, 2021. Born in Minneapolis, Minn., on Dec. 2, 1929 to parents Andrew Lyn and Louise Marie (O'Keefe) Houghtaling, Mary was the youngest of four daughters. She loved and adored her sisters. She was pre-deceased by her sisters Helen Duncan and Martha Calvert, and is survived by her sister Betty Spencer, who is 97. Mary was affectionately nicknamed "Jake" by her father, and was the apple of her dad's eye. She was a tomboy and could often be found fishing, golfing or helping her dad at his hardware store. With her dad's store, Mary was the first to have the newest ice-skates and spent many hours jumping and twirling around many of Minnesota's "10,000 lakes" and ice rinks. Raised in Minnesota, Mary graduated from Blue Earth High School. Her high school summer job was always at "Jolly Green Giant" (where she socialized more than she worked!) and worked alongside future vice president Walter "Fritz" Mondale, who became a life-long friend. She attended the University of Iowa, but missing her beloved state she transferred to the University of Minnesota. After college, Mary met the love of her life, William (Bill) Lyons, Sr. They were married in 1949, and Bill took his young bride out west to California. On their honeymoon, they stopped for a visit at Bill's Uncle E.T. (Ed) Mape's 10,000-acre ranch and were asked to come back and take over managing the ranch. "Life on the ranch" for a small-town mid-western girl was quite an adjustment for Mary. She went from having the latest appliances and gadgets that made life easier, to the wild west – amongst the ranch's one-ton bulls, horses and coyotes, where it was historically known that there was "No Law West of Gates Road." In the early years life on the Ranch was hard work, and then the kids began to arrive. Mary and Bill raised their six children: Bill Lyons, Jr. (Suzy), Jane Lyons-Conover, Lynne Bogetti (Andy), Ed Lyons (Diana), Chuck Lyons and Louise Bogetti (Nate), and life on the ranch truly became a family affair. The six kids scattered and played in the ranch barn, down by the ranch pond, or rode their bikes to the "90 acres" until they heard mom ring the cast-iron school bell right outside the kitchen door (which still exists in the same location). When they heard that bell ring, they'd better come running! Over the years, Mary and Bill collected several large antique school bells that can now be found in several locations on the ranch, and are still rung before a meal or celebration to this day. Mary and Bill would drive to "town" once a week on Sundays. They would attend Mass at St. Stanislaus Church, followed by breakfast at Denny's (where all six kids were ordered the same meal) or The Sundial if it was a special occasion, and a trip to the grocery store for a weeks' worth 32 California Cattleman November 2021

of supplies. In 1973, E.T. ("Uncle Ed") Mape passed away, and Bill and Mary took the reins of the ranch with their sons and began building the "Mape's Ranch" that exists today. As the ranch grew and prospered, so did Mary and Bill's family. Mary and Bill's greatest treasure was always their family, which includes 21 grandchildren: Drew Bogetti, Gina (Bogetti) Van Klaveren, Michael Conover, Jon Bogetti, Sarah (Lyons) Maniaci, Dianne (Lyons) Wulfsberg, Billy Lyons, Elizabeth (Bogetti) Borelli, Antone Bogetti, Matthew Lyons, Mary (Conover) Jakovickas, Melissa Davis-Lyons, Jameen (Bogetti) Mendes, James Bogetti, Tyler Lyons, Mark Conover, Katie (Lyons) Paris, Michelle (Conover) Lee, Charley Lyons, Mia Lyons and Will Lyons; and 42 (and counting!) great-grandchildren, who affectionately called their great-grandmother "Gigi". Mary was pre-deceased by her loving husband, Bill Lyons, Sr. in 2003 after 55 years of marriage. She had a wonderful relationship with her sonsin-law and daughters-in-law, had many caring nieces and nephews, and countless life-long cherished friends. She also had a great appreciation for her long-time dedicated ranchhands, employees and consultants, many devoting over 40 years of their lives to her ranch and family business, and whom she treated like family. With her sons Bill Jr. and Ed managing the ranch, Mary and Bill now had the time to enjoy watching their grandkids play after-school sports – from Hart Ransom Little League Baseball and Slam Jam Basketball and Soccer – to all things Central Catholic High School, where five of her children and all 21 of her grandchildren attended school. CCHS Friday Night Football was always an event, with Mary and Bill arriving early to stake their seats at the top of the bleachers to cheer on their sons and daughters and later their grandkids who played football, were cheerleaders and all other sports. After the games, Mary and Bill would treat their family to pizza to celebrate. Mary remained devoted to Central Catholic High School throughout her life, attending any fundraisers or events for a good cause (she sure loved a charity auction!). Several of her great-grandchildren are now attending or have graduated from CCHS. During this time, Mary and Bill also found a love of travel. They visited over 60 different countries, where they created fond memories from all over the world. They especially loved cruising, where they met so many new friends while hosting "cocktail hours" in their room. They traveled extensively across the United States throughout all 50 states. One of their favorite annual trips was traveling the U.S. with the California Cattlemen's Association where they shared their knowledge and love of the cattle business. Everyone wanted to be on Mary and Bill's bus – for the fun, the jokes and the parties they loved to host. They enjoyed summers at the coast and winters in Arizona with their "snowbird friends" and planning their annual Super Bowl Party (Mary loved her professional sports: the Minnesota Vikings, the San Francisco 49ers, the San Francisco Giants and the Golden State Warriors). She cherished her annual "Birthday Getaway" with her three daughters, which started on her 60th birthday and continued for over 30 years. Their destinations included Disneyland, Pajaro Dunes and an

MARILYN BRITTON East Coast Cruise, just to name a few. Along with all the fun and laughter they shared, they always had matching pajamas befitting the current fashion trend. The most important things in Mary's life were her love for her family, her faith, the ranch she helped build and the memories of raising her children. The Lyons family farming and ranching business, now in its fourth generation with the addition of Billy Lyons, James Bogetti and Tyler Lyons to the management team, continues to adhere to the beliefs on which its success has been built – hard work, dedication and the strong family values instilled by Mary and Bill. They are considered pioneers in the agricultural community and devoted much of their time, energy and resources to countless charities and agricultural and environmental causes. Mary and Bill received numerous awards for their many contributions to the community. Among them, the Center for Human Services honored them with their "Distinguished Leadership Award," and they were ultimately inducted into the Stanislaus County "Ag Hall of Fame" in 2000. In 2001, they were honored by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service for their environmental conservation efforts that led to the removal of the Aleutian Geese from the endangered species list. Mary was a strong and determined woman who lived life on her own terms. She was always the life of the party, and often the last to leave the dance floor during the many celebrations, family gatherings and fundraisers she hosted at the 100-year-old lakeside "Ranch Barn." At her request, it became a custom for parties to end with a spectacular fireworks show over the lake. A Celebration of Life befitting Mary and her extraordinary life and legacy will be held at a later date. Services were held on October 6 and 7. The family would like to express their gratitude and appreciation to Clara and the "Right at Home" team and the "SEVA Hospice" team for the comfort and care they provided Mary in her last weeks. In lieu of flowers, donations can be made to any one of Mary's favorite charities in her honor. Central Catholic High School Sports Program: 200 S. Carpenter Rd., Modesto 95351 Red Shield – Salvation Army: P.O. Box 58080, Modesto 95385 Modesto Gospel Mission: P.O. Box 1203, Modesto, 95353 Interfaith Ministries: 120 Kerr Avenue, Modesto 95354.

Marilyn Britton was born in San Luis Obispo, in 1939, to Albert and Nadine Martin. She is a graduate of Atascadero High School and Cal Poly. She met her husband, Glenn Britton, at Cal Poly in 1957 and they married in 1959. They belong to Highlands Church in Paso Robles. Marilyn lived her life devoted to family and her extended family in agriculture. As a longtime employee of the San Luis Obispo County Farm Bureau, she was the first to be titled Executive Director. She is widely considered the “Mom of San Luis Obispo County Farm Bureau.” Her office was always open to people who needed help or information. As an administrator and manager, Marilyn set a benchmark for service. As a member, she set an example for others. Marilyn was not only a Farm Bureau member and manager, but also a member of California CattleWomen, California Cattlemen’s Association, a member of Monday Rotary, Executive Director of the Grain Improvement Association, Edna Farm Center, Farm Bureau Women and a director of Coast National Bank. As executive director, Marilyn set in place the operation and protocol of an ever-growing local Farm Bureau. She met challenges and changes as our agricultural region developed. She worked with members and directors on important policy recommendations for the Farm Bureau; articulated the rural lifestyle and economic importance of San Luis Obispo County crops; launched tours for the agricultural community to other parts of the state, nation and internationally. Marilyn took an active role in the Paso Robles Chamber of Commerce Agri-Business tours. She enthusiastically participated in events that respected the community relationships in agriculture, including Cattlemen and Farmers Day at the Mid-State Fair, and a host of other annual gatherings. Marilyn has been honored for her work by numerous entities and organizations over the course of her 30 plus year career. Marilyn was named the 2018 Agriculturist of the Year by the San Luis Obispo County Farm Bureau, Marilyn and Glenn were inducted in the California Mid-State Fair Hall of Fame in 2012, and they shared a Farm Bureau “Freddy of the Year Award” in 2002. She was also honored as CattleWomen’s “Cowbelle Mom” in 2002; and recognized with a “Strength in Diversity Award” in 1992. Marilyn was also recognized by the San Luis Obispo County Board of Supervisors upon her retirement in 2001 for her accomplishments and service to San Luis Obispo County. These awards and her friendships in the community meant the world to her. Marilyn is survived by her husband, Glenn, their children: Patty (Tim) Robasciotti; Gary (Angie) Britton, and their children Nate (Leah) Anguiano, Justin (Kaycee) Anguiano, Garrett (Hannah) and Grant (Diana); and Geoff (Michelle) Britton, and their children, Geoff, Gerrod, Cali and Gabi, as well as, eight wonderful greatgrandchildren. Marilyn was also extremely proud of her four grandsons’ service in the United States Air Force, United States Marine Corps, and the United States Coast Guard. Marilyn was the very best mom, grandmother and great-grandmother and friend to anyone she met. Marilyn passed peacefully on Friday, Oct. 8. Per her request, no services will be held. No flowers or gifts please. If you wish, consider a donation in her name to Ag in the Classroom (, the San Luis Obispo County Foundation for Agricultural Awareness, California Corporation #C2110867; a 501(c)3 nonprofit or the San Luis Obispo Agricultural Education Committee, California Corporation #C1995092, a 501(c)3 nonprofit. November 2021 California Cattleman 33

In Memory Leslie Dorrance

Leslie Dorrance moved to Carmel Valley in her younger years, living most of those years across Rosie’s Bridge in Robles Del Rio. She attended Tularcitos Elementary, Carmel Middle School and Carmel High School. Living within walking distance of the Carmel River held many special memories for her. From an early age there was a desire to ride horses, and ride she did. She started on a Shetland pony (Copper), then graduated to hunter/jumpers, three-day event horses and riding young thoroughbreds at the Double H Ranch (now Stonepine). She held a variety of service and hospitality jobs in Carmel Valley to support her “horse habit.” She was known to be honest and have a strong work ethic. As a result of some match making by family and friends, she met Steve Dorrance 39 years ago and the two married shortly after (Steve said he couldn’t function or think about anything else until they were married). It wasn’t a far move to the Dorrance Ranch and she added a much-needed female perspective. It didn’t take long before she was riding in a western saddle, handling cattle horseback and raising a family. She did not sit still very well and was happiest when she was outdoors with her dogs. While she was known by many for her horsemanship and stockmanship, she was also a lifelong hobbyist and over the years enjoyed time braiding, drawing, making moccasins/stampede strings/mecate ropes, martial arts (she was a black belt in Jujutsu), raising parrots, raising show rabbits, “helping” with 4-H and FFA animals that her children were raising, riding her mountain bike and gardening. In later years she worked and then managed the Equestrian Center at the Santa Lucia Preserve. Her last job was at the Santa Lucia Conservancy, where she put together and implemented the livestock grazing program. She enjoyed working with the horses, cattle, wildlife and especially the people, but missed being full time at the Dorrance Ranch. When Steve could, he would sneak off to work with her. Throughout her life, she formed connections easily and made a lasting impression on most everyone she met. Leslie was preceded in death by her mother Ginny Drew (Wright), father Bob Drew, brother Gregg Drew and brother-in-law Billy Dorrance. She is survived by her husband Steve (who is lacking direction without her), her children Drew (Paige), Clifton (Katy), Mollie (Sam) Lambert, her five grandchildren, her brother Alan Drew (Lisa Guthrie), brother-in-law Dave Dorrance, sister-in-law Minnie Drew, and numerous nieces and nephews. She will be missed by many. The Dorrance Family wants to thank the staff at the Pacific Cancer Center and Hospice of the Central Coast for their support during her illness. In lieu of flowers, please make donations to Women in Ranching (https://, a program that Leslie participated in and enjoyed, or to your favorite charity, in Leslie’s name. With the uncertainty of what's to come, the family has decided to postpone the Celebration of Life for Leslie until a later date. 34 California Cattleman November 2021

wedding bells Judge & Wagner

Ashley Judge and Jake Wagner were married September 18 in Loveland Colo.. The bride, a California native, is a graduate of Oklahoma State University and is the daughter of Joel and Kourtney Judge, Lone Grove, Okla., and Michael and Becky Umbarger, Powell Butte, Ore.. The groom is a graduate of Kansas State University and a nutrition consultant for Suther Feeds, Inc. He is the son of Kristi Hayden of Longmont, Colo., and Jeff and Nichole Wagner of Fort Morgon, Colo. The couple has made their home in Loveland, Colo.


Harlie Runner and Austin Perry were wed on October 16 in Mulhall, Okla. The bride attended Oklahoma State University and is the daughter of Ron and Holly Runner of Macomb, Ill. The groom also graduated from Oklahama State University and is the son of Randy and Susan Perry, Prather. the couple live in Mulhall where they run Perry Show Cattle, a purebred Hereford cattle operation.

If you have family news you want to share with your fellow cattlemen and cattlewomen, e-mail it to or call the CCA office at (916) 444-0845.

Western Poly Pipe —lifetime pipe—




DELIVERY AVAILABLE • (925) 240-3643


Bruin Ranch and Circle Ranch SEPT. 23, IONE, CA Col. Rick Machado & Col. John Rodgers 62 SIMANGUS BULLS 57 ANGUS BULLS

$4,905 $6,995


SEPT. 25, MODESTO, CA Col. Jake Parnell Managed by M3 Marketing 43 HEREFORD BULLS 14 BRED HEIFERS 19 OPEN HEIFERS

$3,577 $1,175 $1,035



$4,144 $1,061

Sierra Valley cattle producers Annie Tipton and Greg Ramelli at the annual Beef Solutions Bull Sale in Ione on Sept. 23.


Col. Rick Machado and Col. John Rodgers 65 TOTAL BULLS $4,642


OCT. 8, PISMO BEACH, CA Col. Rick Machado 66 BULLS $4,956


Col. Rick Machado & Col. John Rodgers Managed by Matt Macfarlane Marketing 21 OPEN HEIFERS $12,152 23 BRED HEIFERS $4,422 35 BRED COWS $3,767 1 OPEN DONOR COW $38,000 8 SPRING PAIRS $5,112 2 BULLS $16,000



Kurt and Sharon Hertlein with Joe Borges and Jaydin Cooksey at the 2021 Cal Poly Bull Test Sale. 1. Publication Title

Statement of Ownership, Management, and Circulation (All Periodicals Publications Except Requester Publications) 2. Publication Number

California Cattleman


4. Issue Frequency

5. Number of Issues Published Annually

monthly except July/August is combined


Oct 1, 2021

Contact Person Telephone (Include area code)


9. Full Names and Complete Mailing Addresses of Publisher, Editor, and Managing Editor (Do not leave blank) Publisher (Name and complete mailing address)


Stevie Ipsen 4550 Elgin Rd, New Plymouth ID 83655 Managing Editor (Name and complete mailing address)

Stevie Ipsen 4550 Elgin Rd, New Plymouth ID 83655 10. Owner (Do not leave blank. If the publication is owned by a corporation, give the name and address of the corporation immediately followed by the names and addresses of all stockholders owning or holding 1 percent or more of the total amount of stock. If not owned by a corporation, give the names and addresses of the individual owners. If owned by a partnership or other unincorporated firm, give its name and address as well as those of each individual owner. If the publication is published by a nonprofit organization, give its name and address.) Full Name Complete Mailing Address

1221 H Street, Sacramento CA 95814






Mailed In-County Paid Subscriptions Stated on PS Form 3541 (Include paid (2) distribution above nominal rate, advertiser’s proof copies, and exchange copies)




Paid Distribution Outside the Mails Including Sales Through Dealers and Carriers, Street Vendors, Counter Sales, and Other Paid Distribution Outside USPS®



Paid Distribution by Other Classes of Mail Through the USPS (e.g., First-Class Mail®)









d. Free or (1) Free or Nominal Rate Outside-County Copies included on PS Form 3541 Nominal Rate Distribution (2) Free or Nominal Rate In-County Copies Included on PS Form 3541 (By Mail and Free or Nominal Rate Copies Mailed at Other Classes Through the USPS Outside (3) (e.g., First-Class Mail) the Mail) (4)

Free or Nominal Rate Distribution Outside the Mail (Carriers or other means)

e. Total Free or Nominal Rate Distribution (Sum of 15d (1), (2), (3) and (4))

f. Total Distribution (Sum of 15c and 15e)

h. Total (Sum of 15f and g)

11. Known Bondholders, Mortgagees, and Other Security Holders Owning or Holding 1 Percent or More of Total Amount of Bonds, Mortgages, or Other Securities. If none, check box � None Full Name



g. Copies not Distributed (See Instructions to Publishers #4 (page #3))


OCT. 12, FORT ROCK, OR Col. Eric Duarte 94 ANGUS BULLS $5,444


(1) Mailed Outside-County Paid Subscriptions Stated on PS Form 3541 (Include paid distribution above nominal rate, advertiser’s proof copies, and exchange copies)

F 7RWDO 3DLG 'LVWULEXWLRQ [Sum of 15b (1), (2), (3), and (4)]

Editor (Name and complete mailing address)

California Cattlemen's Association

b. Paid Circulation (By Mail and Outside the Mail)

California Cattlemen's Association 1221 H Street, Sacramento CA 95814

Col. Steve Dorran Managed by Cotton & Associates 86 LOTS $21,290

October 2021 Average No. Copies No. Copies of Single Each Issue During Issue Published Preceding 12 Months Nearest to Filing Date

a. Total Number of Copies (Net press run)

Stevie Ipsen

8. Complete Mailing Address of Headquarters or General Business Office of Publisher (Not printer)

1221 H Street, Sacramento CA 95814


14. Issue Date for Circulation Data Below

California Cattleman 15. Extent and Nature of Circulation

6. Annual Subscription Price


7. Complete Mailing Address of Known Office of Publication (Not printer) (Street, city, county, state, and ZIP+4 ®)

1221 H Street, Sacramento CA 95814

13. Publication Title

3. Filing Date

8-3600 _

i. Percent Paid (15c divided by 15f times 100)














* If you are claiming electronic copies, go to line 16 on page 3. If you are not claiming electronic copies, skip to line 17 on page 3.

Complete Mailing Address

Statement of Ownership, Management, and Circulation (All Periodicals Publications Except Requester Publications) 16. Electronic Copy Circulation

Average No. Copies Each Issue During Preceding 12 Months

a. Paid Electronic Copies

7D[ 6WDWXV (For completion by nonprofit organizations authorized to mail at nonprofit rates) (Check one) The purpose, function, and nonprofit status of this organization and the exempt status for federal income tax purposes:

Has Not Changed During Preceding 12 Months Has Changed During Preceding 12 Months (Publisher must submit explanation of change with this statement)

PS Form 3526, July 2014 [Page 1 of 4 (see instructions page 4)] PSN: 7530-01-000-9931

PRIVACY NOTICE: See our privacy policy on

No. Copies of Single Issue Published Nearest to Filing Date



b. Total Paid Print Copies (Line 15c) + Paid Electronic Copies (Line 16a)






d. Percent Paid (Both Print & Electronic Copies) (16b divided by 16c ¯ 100)



PS Form 3526, July 2014 (Page 2 of 4)

I certify that 50% of all my distributed copies (electronic and print) are paid above a nominal price.

17. Publication of Statement of Ownership

If the publication is a general publication, publication of this statement is required. Will be printed

Publication not required.

November 2021 in the ________________________ issue of this publication. 18. Signature and Title of Editor, Publisher, Business Manager, or Owner

Stevie Ipsen, managing editor


Oct. 1, 2021

I certify that all information furnished on this form is true and complete. I understand that anyone who furnishes false or misleading information on this form or who omits material or information requested on the form may be subject to criminal sanctions (including fines and imprisonment) and/or civil sanctions (including civil penalties).

November 2021 California Cattleman 35

California Cattlemen’s Association Services for all your on-the-ranch needs 18

M i d Va l l e y

Thank you for a tremendous sale season! Join us again in 2022!

31st annual Bull Sale Sept. 15, 2022 in Denair 5031 Jersey Island Rd • Oakley, CA 94561

BAR BAR KD KD RANCH RANCH Elevating Angus to Greater Horizons

Look for our “Distinctly Different” Angus bulls annually at Red Bluff and Modoc Bull Sales!



1485 SW King Lane • Culver, OR 97734 Ranch: (541) 546-2547 Cell: (541)480-9340 E-mail: visit us online at:


Thank you to our 2021 bull buyers!


Annual Bull Sale: Sat., September 1, 2018

Thank forSale: your support Inauguralyour Female Mon., Octoberin15,2021! 2018


916.712.3696 • 916.803.2685

SEPT. 9, 2021 • WILLIAMS, CA

36 California Cattleman November 2021

Tim & Marilyn Callison............................... Owners Chad Davis ..................................... 559 333 0362 Travis Coy ...................................... 559 392 8772 Justin Schmidt................................ 209 585 6533 Ranch Website .................


O’Connell Aviator 7727

Hoffman Bomber 8743

VDAR PF Churchhill 2825

VDAR Mirror Image 6207

SIRE: Musgrave Aviator MGS: R B Tour Of Duty 177

SIRE: VDAR Churchill 1063 MGS: VDAR Really Windy 4189


SIRE: Casino Bomber N33 MGS: S A V Final Answer 0035 SIRE: W R A Mirror Image T10 MGS: BCC Bushwacker 41-93

Nathan, Melissa & Kate Noah (208) 257-3686 • (208) 550-0531

Joe Sammis • (530) 397-3456 122 Angus Rd., Dorris, CA 96023

O’Connell ranch Gerber, CA

Call us about females available private treaty. Join us Sept. 9 for our annual Black Gold Bull Sale!

Contact us for information on cattle available private treaty.

Registered Angus Cattle Call to see what we have to offer you!


Scott & Shaleen Hogan

R (530) 200-1467 • (530) 227-8882

Thank you to our 2021 buyers! We appreciate your continued support!

DAN & BARBARA O’CONNELL 3590 Brown Rd, Colusa CA (530) 458-4491

Celebrating Angus Tradition Since 1974



— Since 1878—


(775) 691-1838 • HONERANCH.COM

PO Box 40 • O’Neals, CA 93645 (559) 999-9510

Thank you to our 2021 “Generations of Performance” Bull Sale buyers!

Offering bulls at California’s top consignment sales! Call today about private treaty offerings!

RED RIVER FARMS 13750 West 10th Avenue Blythe, CA 92225 Office: 760-922-2617 Bob Mullion: 760-861-8366 Michael Mullion: 760-464-3906

Simmental – SimAngus™ – Angus

(530) 385-1570

November 2021 California Cattleman 37

CHAROLAIS Feedlot • Rice • Charolais 2015 AICA Seedstock Producer of the Year

Jerry & Sherry Maltby

A FAMILY TRADITION Angus and SimAngus Cattle John Teixeira: (805) 448-3859 Allan Teixeira: (805) 310-3353 Tom Hill: (541) 990-5479 |

PO Box 760 Williams, CA

Mobile: (530) 681-5046 Office (530) 473-2830


“Breeding with the Commercial Cattleman in Mind”

79337 Soto Lane Fort Rock, OR 97735 Ken 541.403.1044 | Jesse 541.810.2460 |


Contact Clinton Brightwell for assistance marketing or buying your Hereford Cattle! (417) 359-6893 OFFICE@VINTAGEANGUSRANCH.COM WWW.VINTAGEANGUSRANCH.COM

11500 N Ambassador Drive, Suite 410 | Kansas City, MO 64153 | (816) 842-3757 |


Oroville, CA


MCPHEE RED ANGUIS Call us today for information on private treaty bulls or females.


Call us about our upcoming consignments or private treaty cattle available off the ranch.

14298 N. Atkins Rd • Lodi, CA 95248 Nellie, Mike, Mary, Rita & Families Nellie (209) 727-3335 • Rita (209) 607-9719 website:

Chris Beck • 618-367-5397

BARRY, CARRIE & BAILEY MORRELL Barry: (530) 6825808 • Carrie: (530) 218-5507 Bailey (530) 519-5189 560 County Road 65, Willows CA 95988


Registered Hereford Cattle & Quarter Horses

thank you to our 2021 Buyers!

Annual Sale First Monday in March 42500 Salmon Creek Rd Baker City, OR 97814

Ranch: (541) 523-4401 Bob Harrell, Jr.: (541) 523-4322 38 California Cattleman November 2021

Horned and Polled Hereford Genetics

Private treaty bulls available or watch for our consignments at Cal Poly! Dwight Joos Ranch Manager P.O. Box 1019 • Simi Valley, CA 93062 805-520-8731 x1115 • Mobile 805-428-9781 Simi Valley, CA


Genetics That Get Results! OMF EPIC E27


Jim Mickelson (707) 481-3440

P.O. Box 2689 • Petaluma, CA 94953

Owned with Owned with Oak Meadows Farms & Schooley Cattle.

Reliable products you are looking for with the dependable service you need.


Call anytime to see what we can offer you!

Stan Sears 5322 Freeman Rd. Montague, CA 96064 (530) 842-3950

Vaccines Mineral Medicines Supplements ...and more! Antonia Old • (209) 769-7663

SPANISH RANCH Your Source for Brangus and Ultrablack Genetics in the West!

THE DOIRON FAMILY Daniel & Pamela Doiron 805-245-0434 Cell


Premium Livestock Feeds

Your business could be listed here!

“PERFORMANCE THROUGH WWW.BARALEINC.COM ADVANCED (888) 258-3333NUTRITION” • Williams, CA Matt Zappetini 526-0106 • Mineral Mixes with(530) Ranch Delivery • • Hi Mag - Fly Control - Rumensin - Custom Mixes • Performance Through • Complete Feeds and Finish Mixes • Advanced Nutrition • (888) 258-3333


Williams, CA Matt Zappetini (530) 526-0106

Ranch Deliveries Available with our Truck and Forklift! We

also offer custom formulations to meet your spe

We offer blends that contain: Molasses - Zinpro® Performance Minerals - Availa® 4 - Added Seleni

November 2021 California Cattleman 39


Watkins Fence Company

Over 25 years serving California, Utah and Southern Idaho


specializing in oil pipe • chain link • barb wire

(805) 649-1568 Lic # 773420




Anaplasmosis is an infectious parasitic disease in cattle, spread primarily by ticks and blood sucking insects like mosquitoes. The killed anaplasmosis vaccine protects cows and bulls of any age from infection and requires a booster given 4 to 6 weeks after the initial vaccination. Find out below if you should order the vaccine!

Full Service JMM GENETICS A.I. Technician

You don’t need it, but should still support the California Cattlemen’s Association

& Semen Distributor

• A.I, CIDR & heat synchronization • Extensive experience • Willing to Travel • Well-versed in dairy & beef pedigrees

JORGE MENDOZA • (530) 519-2678 15880 Sexton Road, Escalon, CA




Lostine Timber Tract - OR

9,772± acres of timber and grazing land in Wallowa County. 2 1/2 Miles of Bear Creek frontage, some USFS frontage, great hunting and fishing, and the potential to yield 39 home sites at 240 acres each. $9,319,000

Jamieson Cattle Ranch - OR 346± acres has 277± acres irrigated, 3 pivots, sale yard, 2 feedlots with CAFOs, & pasture. 4 homes, 2 shops, crop storage and above ground fuel tanks are included. $4,999,000

Do you own cattle?


3300 Longmire Drive• College Station, TX 77845 (800) 768-4066 • (979) 693-0388 fax: (979) 693-7994 e-mail:



Do they graze in areas where Anaplasmosis is a problem?

(Consult your local veterinarian to find out)

Do you want to prevent the effects of the disease including severe anemia, weakness, fever lack of appetite, depression, constipation, decreased milk production, jaundice, abortion and possibly death?

ORDER TODAY BY CALLING (916) 444-0845! Available in 10 or 50 dose bottles 10 dose bottles: $8.50 per dose 50 dose bottles: $7.50 per dose *10 dose minimum and $10 flat rate shipping


(208) 345-3163

40 California Cattleman November 2021


NO You don’t need to order it

Concerned about the 2022 LongRange forecast? WSR Insurance Services has experienced, knowledgeable agents that show the benefits Pasture, Rangeland and Forage (PRF) Insurance can provide to your ranching operation. • No upfront premium • USDA subsidized • Sales closing date of 12/1/2021 LEARN ABOUT PRF INSURANCE AT WSRINS.COM/RANCH-PROTECTION

Partner with WSR today! OTHER AVAILABLE PRODUCTS: Farm Property and Liability Packages; Auto; Workers Compensation; Group Health, Dental, Vision plans and more! Find out what insurance packages may suit your needs at the best price today! Contact WSR’s Kevin Hoppin at (530) 662-9181. WSR is an equal opportunity employer • CA Lic #0B48084


Advertisers’ Index 101 Livestock Auction.................................................29 Amador Angus............................................................36 American Ag Credit....................................................15 American Angus Association......................................23 American Hereford Association..................................38 Animal Health International.......................................39 Bar Ale Feeds..............................................................39 Bar KD Ranch.............................................................36 Bar R Angus................................................................36 Beef Checkoff..............................................................25 Bovine Elite, LLC........................................................40 Broken Box Ranch......................................................38 Buchanan Angus Ranch..............................................36 Byrd Cattle Company..................................................36 Cattlemen's Livestock Market.......................................9 Chico State College of Ag............................................39 CoBank.......................................................................15 Conlin Supply Co, Inc.................................................21 Dal Porto Livestock.....................................................36 Dixie Valley Angus................................................ 36, 43 Donati Ranch..............................................................36 EZ Angus Ranch.........................................................37 Farm Credit West........................................................15 Freitas Rangeland Management..................................17 Fresno State Ag Foundation........................................39 Genoa Livestock..........................................................38 Grimmius Cattle Co.............................................. 12, 13 Harrell Hereford Ranch..............................................38 HAVE Angus...............................................................37 Hogan Ranch..............................................................37 Hone Ranch................................................................37 Hufford's Herefords....................................................38 JMM Genetics.............................................................40

42 California Cattleman November 2021

Kessler Angus.............................................................37 Knipe Land Company.................................................40 Lambert Ranch...........................................................38 Little Shasta Ranch.....................................................39 M3 Marketing.............................................................40 McPhee Red Angus.....................................................38 Morrell Ranches..........................................................38 Noahs Angus Ranch....................................................37 O'Connell Ranch.........................................................37 O'Neal Ranch..............................................................37 P.W. Gillibrand Cattle Co.............................................38 Pacific Trace Minerals.................................................39 Pitchfork Cattle Co.....................................................39 Red River Farms.........................................................37 Sammis Ranch............................................................37 Scales Northwest.........................................................17 Schohr Herefords........................................................39 Shasta Farm & Equipment..........................................17 Sierra Ranches............................................................39 Silveira Bros................................................................37 Sonoma Mountain Herefords......................................39 Spanish Ranch............................................................39 Stanislaus Farm Supply...............................................31 Stepaside Farms..........................................................37 Tehama Angus Ranch..................................................37 Teixeira Cattle Co........................................................38 Turlock Livestock Auction Yard....................................2 VF Red Angus.............................................................38 Vintage Angus Ranch............................................ 38, 44 Watkins Fence.............................................................40 Western Poly Pipe.......................................................34 Western Video Market..................................................3 Wraith, Scarlett and Randolph Insurance...................41


Dixie Valley Top Sellers and Performers AT THE 2021 CAL POLY BULL TEST SALE

We are honored to have the Champion Heifer Bull, Top Performing Heifer Bull and Multi-Trait Bull and the 2021 Cal Poly Bull Test Overall Top Consignment at the 65th Cal Poly Bull Test Sale in San Luis Obispo.

Lot 91 STERLING MT WHITNEY 0103 Sire: S S Enforcer E812 CED +3

BW +1.4

WW +96

YW +169

MGS: Styles Upgrade J59

MILK +30

CW +70

MARB +0.87

RE +1.08

AAA 19901476 DOB 8/2/20 $B +175

$C +320

ADG 5.44

LOT 97 STERLING’S LEGACY 0106 Sire: Connealy Gary CED +6

Angus Growth Division bull sold to Rhoades Angus Ranch and Stratford Angus.

BW +1.5

WW +104

YW +193

MGS: V A R Discovery 2240 MILK +26

CW +80

MARB +0.96

AAA 19903778 DOB 8/3/20

RE +0.91

$B +189

$C ADG +309 6.42 lbs

Top selling bull over all breeds and top performing Multi-Trait Bull sold to Revolution Genetics.


LOT 92 STERLING MT LASSEN 0111 Sire: S S Enforcer E812 CED +11

BW -0.1

WW +85

YW +167

AAA 19903093 DOB 8/5/20

MGS: Connealy Confidence Plus

MILK +26

CW +78

MARB +0.83

RE +0.97

$B +195

$C ADG +321 5.80 lbs

This Angus Heifer Bull Division Champion and lead off sale bull sold to Kern Cattle Co.

Duane Martin. Sr, Duane Martin Livestock, Ione, CA Kern Cattle Co., Visalia, CA Revolution Genetics, Oakdale, CA Justin Rhoads, Rhoades Angus Ranch, Cambria, CA Steve Stratford, Stratford Angus, Pratt, KS Jeff Buckingham, Cerro Alto Ranch, San Luispo Obispo, CA Will Woolley, Templeton Hills Beef, Templeton, CA Jim Spreafico, San Luis Obispo, CA Maretti and Minetti Ranch, Guadalupe, CA

A special thank you to Chris Earl and CK 6 Consulting!

Lee Nobmann, owner | Morgon Patrick, managing partner

(530) 526-5920 • • follow us on facebook! Private treaty bulls always available on the ranch.

Montague, CA

November 2021 California Cattleman 43




you get:

• Outstanding Beef Bull Phenotype • Pedigree Mateable to Most of Today’s Females • Remarkable CED and BW to Growth Spread • Superior Carcass Merit • Excellent Scrotal • Amazing Docility • Foot Improver • Extra Muscle • Outstanding PAP Score • Proven Dam with More Than $8 Million in Progeny Sales

VAR Conclusion 0234 • +*19697625

+*KCF Bennett Summation [AMF-CAF-XF] • +*Sandpoint Blackbird 8809 [AMF] CED BW WW YW SC DOC CLAW ANGLE PAP HP +14










flush sister


EPDs As of 10/4/21























flush sister




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