Page 1

April 2017

INDUSTRY NEWS YOU NEED... CCA Shares Water regulation Details MORE ON ThE estate Planning PROCESS Charolais Breed Insight April 2017 California Cattleman 1


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2 California Cattleman April 2017

12495 Stockton Blvd. Galt, California 95632

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April 2017 California Cattleman 3


CALIFORNIA CATTLEMEN’S ASSOCIATION OFFICERS

PRESIDENT David Daley, Oroville FIRST VICE PRESIDENT Mark Lacey, Independence SECOND VICE PRESIDENTS Pat Kirby, Wilton Mike Miller, San Jose Mike Williams, Acton TREASURER Rob von der Lieth, Copperopolis

STAFF

EXECUTIVE VICE PRESIDENT Billy Gatlin VICE PRESIDENT OF GOVERNMENT AFFAIRS Justin Oldfield DIRECTOR OF GOVERNMENT AFFAIRS Kirk Wilbur DIRECTOR OF FINANCE Lisa Pherigo DIRECTOR OF COMMUNICATIONS Malorie Bankhead OFFICE ADMINISTRATOR Jenna Chandler

PUBLICATION SERVICES OFFICE & CIRCULATION CCA Office: (916) 444-0845 Fax: (916) 444-2194

MANAGING MAGAZINE EDITOR Stevie Ipsen (208) 996-4922 stevie.ipsen@gmail.com ADVERTISING SALES/FIELD SERVICES Matt Macfarlane (916) 803-3113 m3cattlemarketing@gmail.com BILLING SERVICES Lisa Pherigo lisa@calcattlemen.org

4 California Cattleman April 2017

CCA is On-The-Clock, Around-the-Clock by CCA Treasurer Rob von der lieth Now that much of the wild winter season and the much needed rainfall (and subsequent flooding) is behind us, I want to reflect on the resilience of my fellow cattlemen and women. In agriculture, a new year always brings optimism. So far, this year has been no different. Subsequent to the elections, there was renewed optimism for several reasons. First, for ranching was the increase in the market price and futures markets. Second, there was joy regarding the election. How long has it been since there was positive news out of Washington, D.C.? Ranchers and farmers and even their congressional members and staff have not been treated with much respect during the previous eight years. Essentially, government overreach was alive and well. Hopefully, we can have discussions with the people in our nation’s capital who are running the government. The West should be more than a playground for the rest of the nation. I realize a new administration is not going to solve our issues. The number of us in production agriculture is shrinking and we have to work harder to feed the growing world population. In order to accomplish this we have to be strong politically and strong in our organizations. Just when you think you have seen it all! In 2016 a new regulation has appeared which would hinder the interstate transportation of livestock. The government has gone too far and the new rule will hurt those who raise and handle livestock. The rule was developed by the Federal Motor Carriers Safety Administration to go into effect Dec. 16, 2017. The rule states all trucks in interstate commerce model year 2000 plus are mandated to use electronic log books.

Drivers will be required to convert from paper logs to electronic logging devices which are foolproof. The devices control the trucks speed and shut down the motor after the allotted hours of the truck running. The logging devices are guided by satellite and tamper proof. Problem. If the hauler picks up a load of calves at a ranch which took two hours to get to, then the truck was left running while waiting to load prior to returning to the highway, then the driver stops for lunch at a truck stop and travels to the destination, per the new rules, the electronic logging device would shut the motor off prior to the destination since the truck has completed (run) the allotted hours. According to the new rule, it does not matter if the truck wheels move or not, if the motor is running the clock is running. Even if one wants to unload the livestock and shut the truck down to satisfy the rule’s requirements, the infra-structure on the highways is not available. The livestock trucking industry needs an exemption for off-the-clock waiting time which provides for longer times without rest or just exemptions from the rules. Hopefully this new regulation does not become a reality and the new administration advocates for less regulation. As CCA works with the new administration, I am confident cattle producers in this state will reap the benefits. Our hardworking staff in Sacramento is extremely efficient at following the guidelines set by our membership and helping CA get results for YOU, so I encourage you all to play an active role in helping set those policy guidelines. As always, please reach out to our staff and officer team if there is any way we can better serve you.

SERVING CALIFORNIA BEEF PRODUCERS SINCE 1917 Bolded names and businesses in editorial represent only current members of the California Cattlmen’s Association or California CattleWomen, Inc. For questions about your membership status, contact the CCA office at (916) 444-0845. The California Cattleman is published monthly except July/August is combined by the California Cattlemen’s Association, 1221 H Street, Sacramento, CA 95814, for $20/year, or as part of the annual membership dues. All material and photos within may not be reproduced without permission from publisher. Periodical postage paid at Bakersfield, CA and additional mailing offices. Publication # 8-3600 National Advertising Group: The Cattle Connection/The Powell Group, 4162-B Carmichael Ct, Montgomery, AL 36106, (334) 271-6100. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to: California Cattleman, 1221 H Street, Sacramento, CA 95814


ON THE COVER

APRIL 2017

Throughout the spring months, the California Cattleman features many of the major beef breeds in each of it’s issues. The April cover features Jorgensen Charolais in Orland and was taken by Logan Ipsen.

Volume 100, Issue 4

ASSOCIATION PERSPECTIVES

To learn more about the Charolais breed, look for ads from Charolais advertisers in this issue as well as editorial from the American International Charolais Association.

CATTLEMEN’S COLUMN

4

BUNKHOUSE CCA needs your support

6

UPCOMING CCA MEETINGS & EVENTS

YOUR DUES DOLLARS AT WORK 8 Trump weighs in on WOTUS HERD HEALTH CHECK Avoiding pasture bloat after wet winter

10

FUTURE FOCUS Young cattlemen get first class opportunities

32

SPECIAL FEATURES

Hollister Ranch an industry icon CCA gives details of new water reporting rules Charolais executive shares pride on the breed CCA in the 1940s Transfering your family operation

READER SERVICES

April 8

May 24 & 25

14 18 22 26 30

Cattlemen’s Report 34 Obituaries 35 Buyers’ Guide 36 Advertisers Index 44

June 21-23

Calaveras County Cattlemen’s Meeting Angel’s Gun Club, Angels Camp, 5:30 p.m. CA & AZ Feeder Meeting San Diego CCA & CCW Midyear Meeting Coalinga

Sept. 22 Cattle-PAC Fundraiser Harris Ranch, Coalinga Nov 30-Dec. 2

101th CCA & CCW Convention The Nugget Resort & Casino, Sparks,Nev.

April 2017 California Cattleman 5


BUNKHOUSE

SUPPORT THOSE WHO SUPPORT RANCHING by CCA Director of Government Affairs Kirk Wilbur The California Cattlemen’s Association is currently involved in at least eight lawsuits. These lawsuits represent the final lines of defense for preventing regulators from overstepping their legal authority and instituting rules which could be devastating to California’s cattle ranchers. One of CCA’s greatest partners in these legal efforts is the Pacific Legal Foundation (PLF), a donor-supported organization that litigates for limited government, private property rights and a balanced approach to environmental protection, and whose attorneys represent CCA free-of-charge. CCA is currently a plaintiff in three lawsuits brought by PLF. These include California Cattlemen’s Association v. California Fish and Game Commission, the lawsuit in which CCA seeks to overturn the illegal listing of the gray wolf as an endangered species under California’s Endangered Species Act. Also included is Washington Cattlemen’s Association et al. v. United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), in which CCA and other organizations have sought to reign in the EPA and Army Corps of Engineers, which have sought an immense power grab in their expansive definition of the “Waters of the United States” over which they have jurisdiction. PLF also represents CCA as amicus curiae (or “friend of the court,” in which a non-party to a case advocates a particular legal argument) on a number of property rights cases. With PLF’s counsel, CCA has been able to check regulatory overreach from federal agencies such as the EPA and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and from state agencies such as the California Coastal Commission, the Fish and Game Commission and the Department of Fish and Wildlife. In 2016, PLF’s

6 California Cattleman April 2017

efforts even led to the delisting of a species (the Modoc sucker) from the federal Endangered Species Act, an extraordinarily rare feat. And all this expert legal assistance has been pro bono, free-of-charge to CCA. In fact, whenever CCA has sought to support PLF financially, our efforts have been rebuffed—because we’re so consistently a client of PLF’s, any donation could be viewed as payment for services, challenging their pro bono nonprofit status. But that doesn’t mean ranchers can’t support the Pacific Legal Foundation. In February, the Fall RiverBig Valley Cattlemen’s Association voted to donate $1,000 to PLF in recognition for all they have done for the ranching community. I encourage anyone reading this to do the same: consider all that PLF has done to protect ranchers over the years, and consider donating what you can to support the cause. You can donate to PLF at www.pacificlegal.org/ donate. Of course, PLF is by no means the only pro bono legal partner championing the cause of cattle ranchers in California. On several public lands issues, CCA has been expertly represented by the Western Resources Legal Center (WRLC), a legal program affiliated with the Lewis & Clark Law School which advocates on behalf of natural resource industries. WRLC currently represents CCA and cattle ranchers in Modoc County in American Wild Horse Preservation Campaign v. Vilsack, a lawsuit challenging the Forest Service’s ability to manage wild horses in the Modoc National Forest. WRLC also provided detailed legal analysis of the Forest Plan Revisions for the Inyo, Sequoia and Sierra National Forests, assisting CCA’s efforts to promote forest plans

KIRK WILBUR favorable to grazing. Finally, in Resource Renewal Institute v. National Park Service, WRLC is fighting to defend the grazing rights of cattle ranchers at the Point Reyes National Seashore from radical environmental groups seeking to remove grazing from the Point Reyes peninsula. You can donate to WRLC by clicking the “Support WRLC” button at www.wrlegal.org. Not only will your donation go to protecting natural resource industries such as cattle grazing, but it will also assist in educating the next generation of legal advocates who will help to ensure that you and your descendants can continue working the family ranch for generations to come. CCA has been immensely lucky to be represented by the brilliant legal minds of both the Pacific Legal Foundation and the Western Resources Legal Center. But while their services are of no charge to CCA, it certainly is not cheap for PLF and WRLC to wage these legal battles against those who would like to see grazing removed from the landscape. I encourage you all to support those who support you, and to consider donating what you can do these extraordinary partners of California ranching. Note: PLF and WRLC’s representation of CCA is in no way dependent upon receipt of donations from CCA members.


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April 2017 California Cattleman 7


YOUR DUES DOLLARS AT WORK

NEW ADMINISTRATION TAKES WOTUS ACTION Trump Orders Rollback of WOTUS Rule On Feb. 28, President Trump signed an executive order which sets in motion the process of dismantling the over-expansive definition of “Waters of the United States” (WOTUS), a rule adopted by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Army Corps of Engineers (Corps) in 2015. CCA has consistently opposed the rule since its initial proposal, as it would vastly expand the jurisdiction of the EPA and Corps far beyond navigable waters (including oftendry land features) and would entail costly permitting burdens for ranchers. President Trump’s Executive Order—titled “Restoring the Rule of Law, Federalism, and Economic Growth by Reviewing the ‘Waters of the United States’ Rule”—seeks to balance the goal of ensuring “that the Nation’s navigable waters are kept free from pollution” with those of promoting economic growth and minimizing regulatory uncertainty. Because the WOTUS Rule was finalized as a regulation in 2015, it cannot merely be rescinded by Executive Order, but rather must undergo the notice-and-comment procedures dictated in the Administrative Procedures Act. For that reason, President Trump’s Executive Order directs the EPA and Corps to “publish for notice and comment proposed rules rescinding or revising” the WOTUS Rule. Should the EPA and Corps revise the definition of “Waters of the United States,” the Executive Order directs the agencies to consider the limited definition provided by the late Justice Antonin Scalia in the case Rapanos v. United States, which limited waters of the U.S. to streams, oceans, rivers and lakes and expressly excluded “channels through which water flows intermittently or ephemerally, or channels that periodically provide drainage for rainfall.” In comments opposing the WOTUS Rule in late 2014, CCA expressly called on the EPA and Corps to respect the narrow definition of “Waters of the United States” set out by Justice Scalia in his plurality opinion. CCA will strongly support any effort by the EPA and Corps to properly restrict the definition of “Waters of the United States” in accord with Justice Scalia’s opinion. How will the Executive Order impact CCA’s pending WOTUS Rule lawsuit? On July 15, 2015, CCA and other organizations represented by the Pacific Legal Foundation filed a lawsuit against the EPA and Corps seeking to overturn the WOTUS Rule. On Oct. 9, 2015, the 6th Circuit Court of Appeals in Cincinnati, Ohio stayed implementation and enforcement of the WOTUS Rule pending resolution of the various legal challenges to the rule. The stay has prevented the EPA and Corps from acting under the Rule since 8 California Cattleman April 2017

it was finalized under the Obama Administration. The lawsuits opposing the WOTUS Rule have largely stalled, however, because it is unclear under the Clean Water Act whether federal district courts or the circuit courts of appeal are authorized to initially hear challenges to the WOTUS Rule. That question will ultimately be decided by the United States Supreme Court, likely in the term beginning this October. Only after that venue question is resolved may the legality of the WOTUS Rule finally be litigated on the merits. So what effect does President Trump’s Executive Order have on CCA’s lawsuit against the EPA and Corps? CCA asked Reed Hopper of the Pacific Legal Foundation, the lead attorney in CCA’s lawsuit (and the same lawyer who argued and won the Rapanos case in 2006) what might happen next in court. Despite the Executive Order, Hopper says, the Supreme Court is still likely to determine whether district courts or courts of appeal should initially hear challenges to the WOTUS Rule. “It is all but certain that the WOTUS Rule will be reissued in a different form and the parties need to know where to file their challenges,” Hopper said. “I would be surprised if SCOTUS did not proceed with the venue case as planned.” Indeed, many environmental groups have already vowed to file legal challenges to any revised rule which accords with Scalia’s narrow definition of “Waters of the United States” from the Rapanos case, so the venue issue will be relevant in the future. But CCA’s lawsuit is unlikely to ultimately be decided on the merits. Should the EPA and Corps publish notice that they are revising the rule, the Department of Justice will likely decline to defend the WOTUS Rule finalized under the Obama Administration, and should a revised rule become finalized, it would moot any litigation of the former rule currently pending in court. For more information on the Waters of the United States Rule, contact Kirk Wilbur in the CCA office.


CCA BOARD OF DIRECTORS

Zone 2 - Peach

Zone 1 - Yellow

1

Zone 3 - Light Blue Shasta-Trinity Plumas-Sierra Tehama Butte Glenn-Colusa Yuba-Sutter Tahoe (Placer-Nevada) Yolo

3

2

Humboldt-Del Norte Mendocino-Lake Sonoma-Marin Napa-Solano

Siskiyou Modoc Lassen Fall River-Big Valley

Zone 4 - Pink

San Mateo-San Francisco Santa Cruz Santa Clara Contra Costa-Alameda

Zone 5 - Green

Zone 6 - Purple

Amador-El Dorado-Sacramento Calaveras

Merced-Mariposa Madera Fresno-Kings

San Joaquin-Stanislaus

Tuolumne

Zone 7 - Tan

5 4

Zone 8 - Turquoise Santa Barbara Tulare Kern Inyo-Mono-Alpine High Desert

Monterey San Benito San Luis Obispo

Zone 9 - Orange Southern California San Diego-Imperial Ventura

6

CCA committee leadership POLICY COMMITTEES AG & FOOD POLICY Chair: Mike Miller Vice Chair: Mike Williams

BEEF QUALITY ASSURANCE Chair: Holly Foster Vice Chair: Randy Perry, Ph.D.

CATTLE HEALTH & WELL BEING Chair: Tom Talbot, DVM Vice Chair: A.E. BUD Sloan, DVM

CATTLE MARKETING

7

Chair: Pat Kirby Vice Chair: Col. Jake Parnell

8

FEDERAL LANDS Chair: Mike Byrne Vice Chair: Buck Parks

PROPERTY RIGHTS & ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT

9

Chair: Adam Kline Vice Chair: Clayton Koopmann

TAX & CREDIT

Chair: Justin Greer Vice Chair: Clayton Koopmann

2017 CCA BOARD OF DIRECTORS President Dave Daley

Zone Director 5 Gib Gianandrea

First Vice President Mark Lacey

Zone Director 6 Bob Erickson

ddaley@csuchico.edu • (530) 521-3826 mjlacey@wildblue.net • (760) 784-1309

cgianandre@aol.com • (209) 256-3782 bobericksonequipment@yahoo.com • (209) 652-3536

CCA affiliate leadership

Zone Director 7 Anthony Stornetta

ALLIED INDUSTRY COUNCIL

Second Vice President Pat Kirby

Zone Director 8 John Hammond

Second Vice President Mike Miller

Zone Director 9 Bud Sloan

western-beef@juno.com • (408) 929-8425

Asloan5119@aol.com • (805) 340-0693

CALIFORNIA BEEF CATTLE IMPROVMENT ASSOCIATION

Rob von der Leith, Treasurer

Feeder Council Member Paul Cameron

rvdlieth@aol.com • (916) 769-1153

pcmesquitecattle@sbcglobal.net •(760) 427-6906

Feeder Council Chairman Mike Smith

Feeder Council Member Jesse Larios

Feeder Council Vice Chair Trevor Freitas

At Large Apointee Myron Openshaw

Second Vice President Mike Williams mbw61@aol.com • (805) 823-4245

pat.kirby@algilbert.com • (209) 604-3719

msmith@harrisranch.com • (559) 301-0076 trevor@mendescalfranch.com • (559) 805-5431

Zone Director 1 Ramsey Wood

ramseywood83@gmail.com • (530) 680-8985

Zone Director 2 Hugo Klopper

hugoklopper@frontier.com • (707) 498-7810

Zone Director 3 Wally Roney

bjr@billieweb.com •(530) 519-3608

Zone Director 4 Mike Bettencourt

mbteamroper@aol.com • (209) 499-0794

Chair: Heston Nunes

denise@bellaterrafarms.com • (805) 461-1967

lariosjess1@gmail.com •(760) 455-3888 openshaw4@gmail.com •(530) 521-0099

At Large Apointee Mark Nelson

President: Cheryl Lafranchi Vice President: Rita McPhee Secretary: Celeste Settrini

YOUNG CATTLEMEN’S COMMITTEE Chair: Rebecca Swanson Vice Chair: Steven Pozzi Secretary: Rebecca Barnett Publicity Chair: Melissa Hardy

kmarknelson@gmail.com •(916) 849-5558

At Large Apointee Rob Frost

rbmaf@juno.com •(805) 377-2231

At Large Apointee Darrel Sweet

dsweet@cattlemen.net • (209) 601-4074

For more information about CCA’s Board of Directors or commiittees, please contact the CCA office at (916) 444-0845.

At Large Apointee Jerry Hemsted

Jhemsted@att.net • (530) 949-6294

April 2017 California Cattleman 9


HERD HEALTH WATCH

TOO MUCH OF A GOOD THING

pasture bloat can be product of good grass year from Purdue University Department of Animal Sciences and Agronomy Most cattlemen look forward to warmer temperatures and spring grass. As temperatures begin to warm, cool-season grasses and legumes begin a rapid growth phase resulting in the production of large amounts of lush, palatable, green pasture. Unfortunately, early in the growing season, these forages are very high in moisture content and nutrients are diluted. The result is that it is difficult for animals to eat enough dry matter to meet all of their nutrient requirements. An unrelated, but equally important problem to highlight is pasture bloat. Bloat is a digestive disorder characterized by an accumulation of gas in the first two compartments of a ruminant’s stomach (the rumen and reticulum). Production of gas (primarily carbon dioxide and methane) is a normal result of rumen fermentation. These gases are usually discharged by belching (eructation) but, if the animal’s ability to release these gases is impaired, pressure builds in the reticulum and rumen and bloat occurs. Pasture, or “frothy” bloat, results from the production of a stable foam and if not relieved, the pressure created by the entrapment of rumen fermentation gases in the foam can lead to death by suffocation in as little as one hour or less. Bloat can occur on any lush forage that is low in fiber and highly digestible, but is most common on immature legume (clover and alfalfa) pastures. Bloat can occur after as little as 15 minutes to one hour after they are turned out to a bloat- producing pasture. However, there is often a lag of 24 to 48 hours before bloating occurs in cattle that have been placed

10 California Cattleman April 2017

on a bloat-producing pasture for the first time. They may become bloated on the first day, but it is more common to see bloat on the second or third day. Often the animal bloats only mildly and stops eating and the discomfort is eventually relieved. In more severe bloat, the animal’s rumen is distended (especially on the left side), it urinates and defecates frequently, bellows and staggers. Death, due to restricted breathing and heart failure can occur quickly if action is not taken. Bloating usually occurs when hungry cattle are first turned onto legume pastures. It seldom occurs on grasses, (or pastures with at least 50 percent grass), coarser pastures or hay. Bloat usually follows a heavy feeding or grazing period. Hungry or aggressive feeders are most susceptible which is why producers often see their “bestdoing” cattle develop this condition. Other conditions also increase the incidence such as frost, dew or rain on the field. Bloat incidence is likely to be increased during periods of rapid plant growth in the spring or following a summer rain. Also, adaptation of animals to a particular feed is an important factor. As animals become adjusted to a particular pasture or ration, the rumen microbial population adapts and the animal is less susceptible to bloat. While complete elimination of bloat is not realistic, there are management practices that can significantly reduce the incidence of bloat. These practices include the following: 1) begin grazing in the spring on pastures that are predominately grass or grass-legume (at least 50

percent grass) mixtures. This will allow the animal and the rumen microflora time to adjust to the pasture. 2) Make sure that the animal is full when first put onto pasture in the spring. Feeding of dry grass hay or corn silage to animals before turnout to fill the rumen can allow the animal and their rumen microbes time to adjust. 3) Animals fed several pounds of supplemental grain before turnout are less likely to bloat. 4) Delay turnout until the forage is dry following a dew or rain. 5) Avoid placing animals on legume pastures after a light frost. Watch animals already on these pastures when frost takes place closely for bloat. 6) Check animals for bloat carefully every two hours when beginning grazing. 7) Rotate pastures in a manner that assures animals are not excessively hungry when going onto fresh pastures. 8) Consider anti-bloat products that contain poloxalene (2-4 g/100 lb body weight/d) several days before turnout and during periods where bloat is likely. Effectiveness of this product depends on daily intake, therefore mixing it with a daily supplement is more effective than feeding in blocks on pasture. Another useful product is Rumensin® which has also shown efficacy in reducing the incidence of bloat. 9) Some animals are chronic bloaters. If a particular animal frequently shows signs of bloat, it may be best to remove that animal from the herd. 10) When renovating pastures in need of greater legume content, consider birdsfoot trefoil, a non-bloating legume. When using birdsfoot trefoil, do not graze too ...CONTINUED ON PAGE 12


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...CONTINUED FROM PAGE 10 close or the stand will diminish. Death may occur quickly, but usually does not take place until two to four hours after the onset of bloat. When the bloat becomes severe enough (acute), the animal collapses and dies quickly, almost without a struggle. Death is likely caused by suffocation, when the distended rumen pushes against the diaphragm and prevents inhalation. When bloat is observed, immediately remove affected animals from pasture and offer dry hay. This will reduce the bloat problem in all animals that will eat. Forcing bloated animals to walk can increase belching. When handling an effected animal remember to move them calmly and quietly because breathing is impaired by the build up of pressure in the rumen. If the bloating has not been lessened once you get the animal to the pen, several options should be considered. They include: 1) stomach tubing – this involves restraining the animal and passing a rubber hose down the esophagus (taking care to avoid passing it into the animal’s trachea) and into the rumen providing a mechanical release of the gas. If a standard-sized stomach tube is not available, a garden hose with an outside diameter of 2.0 to 2.5 cm can be used. The metal coupling on a garden hose must be removed to prevent injury to the mucous membranes of the mouth and esophagus. If a Frick speculum is unavailable, the operator will need assistance in holding the mouth partly open so that the animal is unable to chew the tube. With frothy bloat, the tube typically becomes plugged by froth immediately upon entering the rumen. The operator should clear the froth from the end of the tube by blowing through it and moving it back and forth to locate pockets of gas. With frothy bloat, it may be impossible to reduce the pressure, and an antifoaming agent such as oil should be administered while the tube is in place. 2) Administration of a vegetable or mineral oil drench – this will reduce the surface tension and allow the stable foam gas bubbles to rupture. The rate for treatment is 300 to 500 mL (10 - 12 oz) for a 450 kg (1,000 lb) animal, administered in one dose. This treatment can be repeated several times within a few hours if necessary. 3) Trocar – this should be the last 12 California Cattleman April 2017

possible resort and should only be used when the animal is down and cannot be moved. Use of a trocar, a device that punctures the rumen from the outside is a rapid and effective means of releasing the gas, but it requires treating the animal with antibiotics because of the risk of peritonitis. Death from pasture bloat can occur quickly and it is often too late when producers first observe animals in distress. Benjamin Franklin once

said, “an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure,” and that advice fits both grass tetany and pasture bloat. It is much easier and more cost effective to proactively manage cattle to prevent grass tetany and bloat than to treat it after it occurs. Prevention involves understanding the causes and development of a management plan to minimize their incidence, and then be prepared to treat an occasional animal that does develop symptoms.

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PLC, NCBA Applaud Senate Push for Transparency of Judgment Fund The Public Lands Council and the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association applaud the introduction of the Judgment Fund Transparency Act, introduced in early March in the U.S. Senate. The bill, introduced by Senators Cory Gardner (R-Colo.) and Deb Fischer (R-Neb.), and co-sponsored by Senate Judiciary Chairman Chuck Grassley (R-IA) and Senator Mike Crapo (R-ID), seeks to provide increased oversight and transparency of the Treasury Department Judgment Fund. The fund was established in 1956 and is used to pay court judgments and settlements in cases brought against the federal government, if those costs are not otherwise covered by appropriated agency budgets. Currently, the Treasury has no reporting requirements or accountability to Congress or taxpayers. “The livestock industry fully supports Sens. Gardner’s and Fischer’s introduction of the Judgment Fund Transparency Act, a good-governance transparency bill which will serve as a major step forward in the effort to

track currently unaccounted-for tax dollars being used to put our producers out of business,” said PLC and NCBA Federal Lands Executive Director Ethan Lane. The legislation would require the Treasury to issue a public report describing funds allocated, a brief description of facts surrounding the agency request and an identification of the recipient of those funds. The legislation targets abuse of the fund by groups that consistently challenge the federal government in court and receive reimbursement. Lane asserted the bill would have a significant impact on the pervasive anti-agriculture lawsuits facing the government and livestock producers. “In order to defend their homes and businesses, our members often end up paying out-of-pocket for personal attorneys at the same time that their tax dollars are being funneled to activist groups that have mastered the art of manipulating these programs,” he said. “This legislation will help make government more accountable.”

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• WWW.CONLINSUPPLY.COM • April 2017 California Cattleman 13


HOLLISTER RANCH The Legacy of Progress and Preservation by Hollister Ranch for the California Cattlemen’s Association

© WWW.MEHOSH.COM

T

he 14,500-acre Hollister Ranch, located along the Gaviota Coast of Santa Barbara County has been grazing livestock since 1791 when it was part of this 26,529 acre Spanish land concession known as Rancho Nuestra Senora del Refugio. In 1769, the first Europeans to explore what is now the Hollister Ranch were members of the Portola expedition. The expedition record keeper noted “the country (Santa Barbara Coast) is delightful for it is covered with beautiful green grass which offered excellent pasture for the animals….” The Portola expedition’s scout Jose Francisco de Ortega, after a long military career serving Spain, was awarded a retirement gift of a grazing lease, which included a 17-mile stretch of this coastal plain. The lease ran from the shoreline to the crest of the Santa Ynez Mountains, bounded in the east by Refugio Canyon and in the west by Cojo Canyon. This was the first working cattle ranch in Santa Barbara County that was separate from the Spanish mission operations developed to feed the Spanish missionaries and soldiers known as “kitchen ranches.” The ranch was stocked with Spanish longhorn cattle. In the springtime, the open-range cattle were gathered and sorted by the land owner. Calves were branded and beef, hides and tallow were sold to Yankee traders. The Ortega family was an example of the legendary pastoral ranchero class in California, known as “Californios.” In the 1850s and 60s the cattle business began to decline in large part because of the severe drought of 1863-1864. Over 250,000 head were run in Santa Barbara County in 1863; by 1865 only 5,000 remained alive. The ranch was sold in 1866 to William Welles Hollister and the Dibblee brothers, along with several other adjoining ranches. When the partnership was dissolved in 1881, Hollister kept Rancho Nuestra Senora del Refugio, which was then called the “Coastal Ranch.” W.W. Hollister was a true pioneer. In 1853, he drove a

band of sheep from Ohio to California and made a fortune in wool. He eventually settled in Santa Barbara, managed his cattle ranches and became a respected civic leader and great philanthropist. For about 100 years the Coastal Ranch was under the stewardship of the Hollister Family. When William W. Hollister died in 1886, his youngest son Jim convinced his mother to keep the ranch believing a good living could be made from cattle. In 1909 after Jim Hollister’s mother died, he established the Hollister Estate Company and ran the ranch for the next 50 years. He managed the ranch with a firm hand, was a fine horseman and expert roper and was referred to as “El Patron” by his crew of about 15 men. Jim Hollister ran a cowherd of 4,000 mother cows. He was one of the first to go to polled Herefords and had the reputation of being one of the top cattlemen in California. He was also a state senator and a voice for agriculture. In the 1930s a severe drought forced him to ship his cattle to Oregon until conditions improved. After years of persuasion, Jim adopted a more flexible management plan, which was to carry a smaller cow-calf herd and add seasonal cattle proportional to the grass available, a practice which remains today. The ranch has many unique features that separate it from other cow-calf operations in the state. The south coast location provides mild winters and cool summers. Low rainfall that comes with the southern location and rugged topography of the ranch is challenging. Another challenge is during holidays the increase in main road traffic can make it tough to move cattle from one pasture to another. In the early 1960s, the 14,500-acre portion of the Coastal Ranch that is now known as the Hollister Ranch was sold to a syndicate for development. After changing hands more than once, the ranch was divided into 133 individually owned parcels but the rangelands were grazed as a single

Calf brandings are community functions featuring local cowhands skilled with a rope, followed by plenty of food and good cheer.

14 California Cattleman April 2017


cattle operation. The ranch was thus granted agricultural preserve status under the Williamson Act and because of that decision, it continues today as a single working cattle ranch managed by the Hollister Ranch Co-op, which was founded in 1977. Individual parcel owners are members of the co-op. The product produced is rangeland forage and cattle are used to harvest that product. Strict restrictions are placed on individual development in an effort to reduce rangeland fragmentation to conserve the rangeland health and maintain the rich ranching heritage of the area. Like in many other areas of the state, traditional branding and gathering is done using neighbors’ help and in turn the Hollister Ranch crew helps their neighbors. Calf brandings are community functions featuring local cowhands skilled with a rope followed by plenty of food and good cheer. In normal rainfall years, the co-op runs about 400 cow-calf pairs and 600 to 1,700 seasonal yearling steers or heifers making the ranch one of the larger cattle operations in Central California. The continuous cow-calf operation makes it easier to manage the rangelands because the cattle get smart as to how to get to feed and water. Today, the mother herd is predominantly black Angus mixed with other beef breeds. Although most of the calves raised on the Hollister Ranch are destine for the feedlot, a select few are held back for the recently developed HR Co-op Grass-Fed Beef Program. The co-op provides U.S. Department of Agriculture certified grass-fed beef to both Hollister Ranch owners and some local grocery stores. Rangeland Manager John McCarty has dedicated 40 years of his life to the stewardship of the Hollister Ranch through livestock grazing practices serving to preserve and enhance the coastal rangelands. He works with just a couple of paid hands and a variety of ranch owner volunteers. Hollister Ranch owners are dedicated to the success of the ranching community. Several are members of the California Cattleman’s Association and two landowners recently received the Cowbelle of the Year honors from the Santa Barbara County for their contributions to the cattle industry. The Hollister Ranch co-op continuously seeks to improve its ranching practices. It has added water troughs to more evenly graze the ranch’s many canyons and hills and conducts a pasture rotation program using the existing fences, water sources and topography to their best advantage. The manager adjusts livestock numbers seasonally to reflect rainfall and grass production. As a result, native grasses are re-establishing in the previously cultivated coastal terrace and natural landscapes remain intact. Those who work on the ranch say knowing that the cattle operation is helping to preserve, protect and enhance a ranch known for its biological diversity brings a great sense of pride. As long as the community of owners at Hollister Ranch remain dedicated to preserving the rangelands with the cattle operation as its primary management tool, day-to-day opertions may change as the industry evolves, but the landscape will continue to look much like it does today. The combined result of a forward-thinking concept of land development, owner vision and cooperation, combined with an effort to improve grazing practices has enabled these historic rangelands and a 225-year ranching heritage of this coastal California ranch to remain intact. This ranch profile and more than 100 others can be found in CCA’s commemorative coffee table book, Since 1917—A Century of Family Legacies in the California Cattlemen’s Association. To get your copy of this limited edition book, contact the California Cattlemen’s Association at (916) 444-0945.

© WWW.MEHOSH.COM

Cattle on the main road during pasture rotations near Coyote Canyon.

© MCFARLAND

Gathering pairs in Alegria Canyon.

© CARLSON

Moving Hollister Ranch cattle along the coast on horseback.

© KREUTHERS

Nancy and Ronald Reagan visiting the ranch office that was once the grainery in Bulito Canyon.

April 2017 California Cattleman 15


USMEF Latin American Product Showcase Returns to Colombia in 2017 Now in its seventh year, the U.S. Meat Export Federation (USMEF) Latin American Product Showcase has developed into the premier gathering for red meat exporters and buyers conducting business in Central America, South America and the Caribbean. This year’s showcase is set for July 26-27 in the historic coastal city of Cartagena, Colombia. This will be the second time the event has been held in Colombia, having been in Bogota in 2012. “We are very excited to have the showcase return to Colombia,” said Jessica Julca, USMEF South America representative. “Colombia the largest Latin American market for U.S. pork and it’s growing really fast for U.S. beef, so this is an excellent opportunity for U.S. exporters to meet prospective customers and to re-connect with buyers who have become regulars at the showcase.” Last year’s event drew more than 120 buyers from 14 different countries to Panama City, Panama, with 42 exporting companies exhibiting. Julca notes that two additional South American markets will be represented this year. “Brazil recently opened to U.S. beef and this is a large market that offers excellent opportunities for certain beef muscle cuts, such as the sirloin cap which is very popular there,” she explained. “We also see strong opportunities in Brazil for beef variety meat, including livers. Another promising market is Ecuador, which has been open to U.S. meat for some time but imposed very high import duties. Those duties are being phased out this year, so we should see more interest from buyers in Ecuador.” Dan Halstrom, USMEF senior vice president for marketing, says that in the seven years the showcase has been

• • • • • • • • • • • • •

held, exporters serving the Latin American region have greatly expanded their product mix. “When U.S. exporters first began shipping to this region it was mostly cheaper, underutilized cuts,” he said. “But we’ve gotten way beyond that now. You’re still seeing those economical cuts coming into Latin America, but now we’re also exporting middle meats and higher-end items for both the retail and foodservice sectors. Buyers attending the Latin American Product Showcase will be looking for reliable suppliers of a wide range of items.” In 2016, U.S. beef exports to the region totaled 58,903 metric tons valued at $332.7 million.

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Joining forces to reward

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When you purchase $25,000 of Merial Ruminant Brand products through Animal Health International, you get TWO CCA Centennial Edition 10x Stetson black or silver belly cowboy hats. When you purchase $15,000 of Merial Ruminant Brand products through Animal Health International, you get ONE CCA Centennial 10x Stetson black or silver belly cowboy hat. In addition to the above offers, Animal Health International will be giving away 10 additional special edition hats. Contact your Animal Health International sales representative for details on how you can win. • Must be a CCA member to qualify • Cummulative product purchases must be between Feb. 15, 2017 and May 15, 2017. Animal Health International locations in:

Red Bluff: 1115 Metzger St. - Red Bluff, CA 96080 • (530) 527-1888 Ceres: 1908 Rockefeller Dr, Ceres, CA 95307 • 209) 538-2750 Visalia: 8711 W Doe Ave, Visalia, CA 93291• (559) 635-3800

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Merial is now part of Boehringer Ingelheim. ©2017 Merial, Inc., Duluth, GA. AllCattleman rights reserved. April 2017 California 17


WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW New Water Measurement and Reporting Regulations by CCA Director of Government Affairs Kirk Wilbur

O

n Jan. 19, 2016, the State Water Resources Control Board adopted new regulations governing water diversions throughout the state of California. In short, the regulations require that all water rights holders report their use of water annually, and that anyone with a diversion greater than 10 acre-feet per year install a measuring device at their point of diversion. CCA has regularly updated members regarding efforts to oppose the measurement and reporting regulations and efforts to provide ranchers relief from the regulations. However, now that the measurement and recording regulations have started to take effect, it is necessary for ranchers to know what the law currently requires of them. Thus, this article explains ranchers’ current obligations under the measurement and reporting regulations. CCA remains committed to fighting for relief from these burdensome regulations, and will continue to update you on our ongoing efforts for reform.

BACKGROUND

The measurement and reporting regulations were mandated by Senate Bill 88 in 2015, which avoided the usual legislative process because it was a budget “trailer bill.” As a trailer bill, SB 88 received no committee hearing, and there was no meaningful opportunity for CCA or the public to object to the legislation. SB 88 also skirted much of the normal regulatory process by mandating that the regulations be adopted by the Water Board as “emergency regulations.” The result was a regulation hastily adopted without the usual, lengthy staff reports and extensive public input. Furthermore, SB 88 exempted the regulations from the environmental impacts analysis typically required under the California Environmental Quality Act. Finally, while most emergency regulations expire after 180 days, SB 88 provided that the emergency regulations adopted by the Water Board would not expire in the usual fashion. The result is a heavily-flawed regulatory scheme. Nevertheless, the emergency regulations remain the law in California; to avoid significant fines, ranchers will need to 18 California Cattleman April 2017

comply with the measurement and reporting provisions detailed below.

REPORTING

All water rights holders diverting under a permit, license, registration or certificate must file annual water use reports by April 1 of each year. Those with riparian and pre-1914 appropriative rights must file their Statements of Diversion and Use by July 1 of each year. The annual reporting requirement is already in effect, meaning that by April 1, 2017 or July 1, 2017 all water diverters must file water use reports for 2016. Because the measurement provisions of the new regulations were not in effect for 2016, diverters may estimate the quantity of water diverted. The reports must be made electronically using the Water Board’s electronic Water Rights Information Management System Report Management System (eWRIMS RMS), which can be found at https://rms. waterboards.ca.gov. Failure to file water use reports by the deadline may subject diverters to fines up to $500 per day. Under prior law, certificate holders were not required to file water use reports, and registration holders reported their use of water every five years upon renewal of the registration. Others filed every three years or annually, depending on the water right. The new regulations alter these requirements, however, and now all water rights holders are required to report their use of water annually (in years of water shortages, the regulations also authorize the Water Board to require monthly or more frequent reporting within particular watersheds or subwatersheds).

REPORTING IN A WATERMASTER SERVICE AREA

There has been a great deal of confusion regarding the extent to which diverters in Watermaster Service Areas are exempted from the regulation’s reporting provisions. While the regulation does exempt some diverters serviced by a watermaster from reporting, it by no means exempts all diverters within Watermaster Service Areas from reporting their use of water.


Under the regulations, a diverter in a Watermaster Service Area is only exempt from reporting if (1) the watermaster was appointed by a court or the Water Board and submits annual reports to the court or Water Board, and (2) the right reported is a riparian or pre1914 right. The regulations require those in a Watermaster Service Area diverting water under a permit, license, registration or certificate to file annual use reports with the Water Board even if the diversion is reported by the watermaster (note, though, that if “the diversion is measured by another entity,” it may justify an alternative compliance plan, discussed below). Additionally, if the watermaster does not file a report with the board or court, the regulations require the individual diverter to file a Supplemental Statement of Water Diversion and Use.

MEASUREMENT

While annual reporting of water use is required for all diverters, the measurement provisions of the regulations only apply to diversions of greater than 10 acre-feet per year. Thus, most diversions made pursuant to a certificate or livestock stock pond registration will be exempt from the requirement to install a measurement device at the point of diversion. Additionally, the regulation applies only to surface waters and “known subsurface streams,” not to extractions of groundwater. In instances where multiple claimed water rights cover the same point of diversion or place of use, a diverter must install a measuring device if the sum of those multiple claimed rights exceeds 10 acre-feet per year. For stock ponds, the “place of use” is defined as the pond rather than the ranch, so stock ponds are not aggregated in determining whether measurement is necessary. Measurement requirements under the regulations, including effective date, frequency of monitoring and required accuracy of the device, are determined by the size and type of diversion, as outlined by the table below:

BREAKING IT DOWN What is a diversion? California Water Code § 5100(c) defines “diversion” as “taking water by gravity or pumping from a surface stream or subterranean stream flowing through a known and definite channel, or other body of surface water, into a canal, pipeline, or other conduit, and includes impoundment of water in a reservoir.” It should be noted that the Water Board takes a liberal view of what constitutes a definite channel; what ranchers often consider “runoff ” may be deemed a definite channel if diffuse surface waters converge.

Stock pond registration Many ranchers have stock ponds which have not been registered with the Water Board. However, the Water Board considers diversions to stock ponds to be an appropriation of water which must be registered with the Water Board. Since 2001, the Water Board has offered a simplified registration process for livestock stock ponds less than 10 acrefeet per year (larger ponds must be permitted or licensed). Unregistered ponds are subject to fines up to $500 per day. For help registering (or permitting) your pond, contact the CCA office.

Is measurement required for natural springs? According to Water Board staff, yes, unless the following criteria are met: (1) the diversion is from a spring that does not flow off the property on which it is located, and (2) the total diversion from the spring does not exceed 25 acre-feet per year.

...CONTINUED FROM PAGE 20 TYPE OF DIVERSION

INSTALLATION DEADLINE REQUIRED ACCURACY

REQUIRED MONITORING

Direct diversion > 1,000 af/yr Storage > 1,000 af/yr

January 1, 2017

10%

Hourly

Direct Diversion > 100 af/yr Storage > 200 af/yr

July 1, 2017

10%

Daily

Direct Diversion > 10 af/yr Storage > 50 af/yr

January 1, 2018

15%

Weekly

Storage > 10 af/yr

January 1, 2018

15%

Monthly

April 2017 California Cattleman 19


...CONTINUED FROM PAGE 19 Anyone diverting 1,000 or more acre-feet of water per year was required to install a measuring device by January 1. However, because of delays in releasing the forms by which diverters could request an extension of time, an alternative compliance plan or a measurement method, the Water Board is not yet penalizing diverters of more than 1,000 acre-feet/year for failure to install a measurement device. Rather, the Water Board is giving those who divert more than 1,000 acre-feet a year under a permit or license until April 1 to file a request for additional time, alternative compliance plan or measurement method (those diverting more than 1,000 acre-feet under riparian or pre-1914 rights have until July 1 to file such forms). Any diverter failing to install a measurement device by the installation deadline who has not filed for an extension of time, alternative compliance plan or measurement method is subject to penalties under the regulations. Noncompliance can result in a fine of up to $500 per day, calculated beginning from the installation deadline. The diversion rate measured by a measurement device must be accurate to within 10 or 15 percent (depending on the size and type of diversion) of the actual value of the diversion rate, as determined by laboratory or field tests. Devices installed prior to January 1, 2016 will be deemed to comply with the accuracy requirements so long as they are accurate to within 15 percent. Larger diversions are required to be monitored more frequently than smaller diversions. Those diversions requiring hourly or daily monitoring will likely require installation of an electronic device capable of automatically recording the rate of diversion at frequent intervals. For those diversions only requiring weekly or monthly monitoring, it would suffice for a rancher to manually log the rate of diversion at the required intervals. In any instance, the monitoring data will be accumulated in an electronic format, such as a spreadsheet, and included with a diverter’s annual use reports.

MEASURING DEVICES

There is a wide array of measuring devices available for measuring diversions, from the relatively simple (e.g. staff gauges for measuring the level of water in a stockpond) to the complex (e.g. telemetry devices for large direct diversions). The Water Board has listed examples of measurement devices for various types of diversions and curates a list of vendors at its measurement and reporting Website. To view these lists, go to the “Measuring Devices and Measurement Methods” section at http://www.swrcb.ca.gov/ 20 California Cattleman April 2017

waterrights/water_issues/programs/diversion_use/ water_use.shtml. Some vendors have also approached CCA about specific measurement devices and services. For help determining what measurement devices or methods are ideal for your diversions, contact Kirk Wilbur in the CCA office.

QUALIFICATIONS FOR INSTALLING MEASUREMENT DEVICES

Under the regulations, only a “qualified individual” may install a measurement device. For diversions under 100 acre-feet per year, a “qualified individual” includes any “person trained and experienced in water measurement and reporting,” so a rancher is likely qualified to install a measuring device. For diversions of 100 or more acre-feet, however, installation of a device is significantly more burdensome. Measurement devices on diversions more than 100 acre-feet per year must be installed by a California-registered professional engineer, a person supervised by a California-registered professional engineer or a California-licensed contractor licensed for well-drilling or for machinery and pumps. Thus, ranchers diverting 100 or more acre-feet per year must pay a contractor or engineer to travel to the point of diversion or place of use and install a measuring device. The use of a “qualified individual” is not limited to the initial installation of a measuring device. The regulations also require that a “qualified individual” calibrate the measuring device every five years, and anyone submitting an alternative compliance plan or measurement method will also need to have a qualified individual sign off on the plans. At the CCA Annual Convention in December, CCA membership passed a resolution supporting the development of an educational program that would allow those diverting 100 or more acre-feet of water per year to self-certify as a “qualified individual” for purposes of installing and calibrating their measurement devices. CCA staff is currently working with the Water Board and members of the legislature to develop such a program and will keep you updated on any progress.

REPORTING UNMEASURED DIVERSIONS (LESS THAN 10 ACRE-FEET PER YEAR)

As noted above, while only diversions greater than 10 acre-feet per year must be measured, all water use must be reported to the Water Board annually. The logical question is: if a diverter is not measuring the rate of diversion, how can they accurately report their use of water? In an effort to avoid significant fines for misstatements in reporting, in 2016 CCA co-sponsored


AB 2357 (Dahle) to clarify the requirements for reporting diversions less than 10 acre-feet per year. In response, the Water Board issued a guidance stating that “Where measurement is not required, a stockpond holder may estimate the monthly quantity of water diverted using their knowledge of the stockpond, weather conditions, ranching practices, and other relevant information.”

ALTERNATIVES TO STRICT COMPLIANCE

The Water Board has made available three alternatives to strict compliance with the regulations: (1) an extension of time, (2) an alternative compliance plan and (3) a measurement method. Electronic forms for requesting an extension of time, alternative compliance plan or a measurement method are available on the eWRIMS RMS website at https://rms.waterboards. ca.gov. As noted above, alternative compliance requests must be filed by April 1 for diverters of more than 1,000 acre-feet of water annually who divert under a license or permit, and by July 1 for diverters of more than 1,000 acre-feet per year who divert under riparian and pre-1914 rights. For all other diverters, the deadline for filing an alternative compliance form is the deadline for installation of a measurement device (either July 1, 2017 or Jan. 1, 2018 depending on the size and type of diversion). The first alternative compliance measure is a request for an extension of time A diverter can request up to 24 extra months to comply with the measurement requirements of the regulations. The request for an extension of time requires the diverter to explain why compliance could not be achieved by the deadline, and what efforts are underway to come into compliance with the regulation. The second option is for a diverter to file an alternative compliance plan. Where strict compliance is not feasible, the Water Board will allow a diverter to propose “alternative, objective measurement and performance standards that achieve the closest attainable compliance.” Examples where alternative compliance might be suggested include where the diversion is inaccessible for a portion of the year (for instance, summer pasture that is inaccessible due to snow in the winter months) or where another entity already measures and reports the diversion. Alternative compliance plans will be publicly posted on the Water Board’s Website, and are subject to public comment. While a diverter need not obtain prior approval from the Water Board before operating under an alternative compliance plan, the plans are subject to audit by the Water Board, and should the Water Board deem an alternative compliance plan partially or wholly insufficient, a diverter will need to remedy any identified defects in the alternative compliance plan (or come into

strict compliance with the regulations) upon notification of insufficiency by the Water Board. Alternative compliance plans must be submitted by a “qualified individual,” as discussed above, and are operative for five years. After five years, the alternative compliance plan must either be re-filed with the Water Board or the diverter must strictly comply with the regulations. The final option for alternative compliance is a measurement method. Measurement methods will still typically require some measurement, but may reduce costs by eliminating the need to install measurement devices at each point of diversion. Measurement methods have been described by Water Board staff as “measurement plus math.” For instance, where multiple diverters are on a shared ditch system, they may elect to install a single measurement device and then use a formula to apportion the water diverted by each. An individual water right holder may also use a measurement method to measure a remote diversion, installing a measurement device at the place of use and mathematically accounting for conveyance losses from the point of diversion. As with alternative compliance plans, measurement methods must be filed by a qualified individual, are subject to audit by the Water Board and must be re-filed with the Water Board every five years.

FUTURE OPPORTUNITIES FOR RELIEF

CCA has opposed these measurement and reporting regulations since they were first outlined in SB 88, and continues to seek relief for California’s ranchers now that the regulations have begun to take effect. CCA is currently working through the Water Board and the legislative process to carve out relief from the regulations, and will keep you apprised of those efforts in the Legislative Bulletin, Hot Irons and California Cattleman. There is at least one significant opportunity for relief currently outlined in the regulations, however. Under the current regulations, the Deputy Director for the Division of Water Rights may increase the threshold which triggers the measuring requirement to above 10 acre-feet per year on a watershed-by-watershed basis. However, the Water Board has clarified that it is unlikely to alter the threshold for any given watersheds of its own accord. Rather, it will only do so in response to formal requests. If you believe that your watershed is a good candidate for increasing the measurement threshold, CCA stands ready to assist you in making a formal request of the Water Board. For any questions, comments or assistance in complying with the water diversion measurement and reporting regulations, please contact Kirk Wilbur in the CCA office. April 2017 California Cattleman 21


We’re All In This Together by American-International Charolais Association Executive Vice President J. Neil Orth

O

ften heard, “we’re all in this together” is a common statement of solidarity. These days, both statement and purpose seem to get lost in a shuffle of politics, rhetoric and exaggeration. The fact remains, we are all in this together. The beef industry is bigger and better today because, over decades of progress, we’ve outgrown our borders, improved our product and provided opportunities for large and small stakeholders to be successful. For a little perspective, in 1967, approximately 34.3 million head of cattle were harvested for an average market price of $23.34 per hundred weight ($.23/lb). A USDA report, Overview of the United States Cattle Industry, states that in 2016, cattle production ranks first in the United States for cash receipts. In 2015, the U.S. exported 1,067,614 metric tons of beef and generated more than $6.3 billion in revenue. Our trading neighbors to the north and south purchased 33 percent of the U.S. export total. Recent data indicates total beef exports add $250 to the value of every carcass harvested. We harvested more than 28.7 million head of cattle in 2015. You do the math! A couple of years ago, Japanese research was done to determine consumer preference for beef. In all, 258 Japanese meat buyers were surveyed. In addition, 35 beef brands were surveyed, including 33 Japanese and one Australian brand. U.S. beef ranked fifth among all surveyed. The Australian beef ranked tenth. However, Australian beef ranked higher in availability, price, safety and traceability. By the way, in 2015, Japan imported 204,927 metric tons of U.S. beef at a total value of $1.28 billion. Value-based marketing has given producers extraordinary opportunities to earn premiums for higher quality. Consumers have many meat case options today. Natural, grass-fed, organic and hormone-free beef are market niches with markedly higher price points at the meat case. Checkoff dollars invested in research have resulted in new, affordable muscle cuts now showing up

22 California Cattleman April 2017

in meat cases and restaurants. Domestically, the average retail price for a pound of USDA Choice beef in 2015 was $6.29 and we consumed more than 24.8 billion pounds. At the grassroots level, emerging research toward feed efficiency, animal behavior, nutrition, health, genomics, sustainability and resource management will move the beef industry even further toward better beef production. For the past 50 years, the beef industry has poured money and intellect into science and technology. From artificial insemination in the early 1950s to genomic information today, we can generationally move populations of cattle toward a chosen end use target with laser like accuracy. The point of all the numbers is the reality that the beef industry has matured beyond the imaginations of only a mere 50 years ago. The industry, like many others, grows more diverse, yet specific at the same time. Today, more than ever in the history of meat animal food production, the scientific “ y wheel” of progress moves faster and faster. Homage must be paid to those curious entrepreneurs who, decades ago, were convinced we could produce better beef. Whether importing lean, heavier muscled, European genetics, to initiating the performance movement, the modern equation resulting from their vision is nothing short of remarkable. Charolais was a centerpiece in the quality equation then, and it still is today. Many registered seedstock producers may not fully appreciate the importance of Charolais and Charolaisinfluenced genetics throughout our beef production system. From reproduction efficiencies to end product merit, these cattle compete in a global marketplace for consumers’ approval and dollars. Industry independence and collaboration are equally paramount to defining beef industry sustainability and marketability. Beef producers using or producing Charolais genetics understand. We are all in this together.


WESTERN

Charolais

BREEDERS

POUNDS=PROFIT

AVILAMikeCATTLE CO. & Char Avila

PO Box 398, Clements, CA 95227 (530) 347-1478 • (530) 941-5025 cavila1956@att.net Bulls sell at the Red Bluff Bull Sale and off the ranch. Select females for sale private treaty.

BAR 6JimCHAROLAIS Ansbach

43861 Burnt Ranch Rd. Mitchell, OR 97750 (541) 462-3083 Annual Bull Sale • February 2018 • Madras, OR

BIANCHI RANCHES Robert, Chris & Erica Bianchi

6810 Canada Rd. Gilroy, CA (408) 842-5855 • (408) 804-3153 Erica’s cell (408) 804-3133 Robert’s cell Bianchiranches@aol.com California Girls Online Heifer Sale this October, watch for details. Bulls for sale private treaty and at leading bull sales. Call early for best selection.

BROKEN BOX RANCH Jerry and Sherry Maltby

PO Box 760, Williams, CA (530) 681-5046 Cell • (530) 473-2830 Office BBR@citlink.net • www.brokenboxranch.com Bulls available at Red Bluff, Fallon and off the ranch.

FRESNO STATE AGRICULTURE FOUNDATION California State University, Fresno

2415 E. San Ramon, Fresno, CA Randy Perry (559) 278-4793 http://fresnostate.edu/jcast/beef Cody McDougald • Student Herdsman (559) 284-4111 Bulls available each June during our private treaty bull sale, as well as leading fall sales.

W

e believe strongly in the value of crossbreeding and the benefits of heterosis or hybrid vigor. Crossbred calves are more vigorous at birth, they are more resistant to disease and they have increased performance levels or weight gain. In addition, crossbred beef cows have higher fertility levels, they are also more disease resistant and they are superior in terms of longevity, an often overlooked but very economically important trait in a beef herd. These combined factors result in the generation of more total pounds of beef being produced from a commercial cowherd when crossbreeding is utilized. We believe that Charolais bulls are the logical and best choice to use on the Angus-dominated commerical beef cowherd that currently exists in this country. They will infuse the benefits of heterosis and produce the “smokies” and “buckskins” that have been popular with cattle feeders and packers for decades Look for these Charolais breeders from throughout the West as your . or at leading source for Charolais genetics available off the ranch California, Oregon and Nevada sales.

JORGENSEN RANCH Fred & Toni Jorgensen 25884 Mollier, Ave, Orland, CA (530) 865-7102

Top quality bulls available at the ranch and through Snyder Livestock’s ‘Bulls for the 21st Century’

NICHOLAS LIVESTOCK CO.

Nicoli Nicholas 6522 Vernon Rd., Nicolaus, CA • (916) 455-2384 Breeding Charolais cattle for 57 years, 150 bulls available private treaty in 2017.

ROMANS RANCHES

Bill & Cindy Romans • (541) 538-2921 Jeff & Julie Romans • (541) 358-2905 romansranches@hotmail.com www.romanscharolais.com Annual Production Sale • March 2018 • Westfall, OR April 2017 California Cattleman 23


Butte County names cattleman of the year For many years, the Butte County Cattlemen’s Association has honored members and individuals who have played significant roles within our local cattle industry with our prestigious “Cattleman of the Year” Award. This year we are very pleased to honor a first generation cattleman who is passionate about our industry and our association. He has served as president of the local association on more than one occasion, and has devoted significant personal resources to help us tell ranchers’ story. Robert “Duke” Sherwood was born and raised in Oroville, where he graduated from Las Plumas High School. As a child, he spent time, along with his father, time helping long-time Butte County ranchers, the Guidici family work cattle, but Duke did not grow up in the cattle business. After high school, Duke spent time at both Butte College and Sac State. As a young man, he worked in the logging industry and then later as a fireman for the City of Oroville. In 1976, he began his successful construction business,

played a role in making the Wide Open Duke Sherwood Contracting, Inc., that now employs his entire family. Spaces sign project a reality on Highway Duke’s entry into the cattle business 99 and Highway 70. Every day, more began when oldest daughter Rhonda than 34,000 people (22,000 Highway began showing in junior livestock shows 70 and 12,000 Highway 99) read the beginning in the mid 1980s. Sons Doug message about the contribution that local and Donald also showed cattle, and cattle ranchers make to the community it long before Duke began building and the landscape. While a few of us his own commercial cowherd. The had the vision and idea, Duke and his family now runs cattle in the winter crew were the ones that made our signs near Cherokee and summers cattle on happen. irrigated pasture near Oroville. As his wife Diana said, Duke is passionate about his cattle operation and has become a lifelong student of the business. He’s also given a lot back by volunteering his time as a director and officer, including two stints as president, of the Butte County Cattlemen’s Association. He has done many things to support local 4-H and FFA activities, and also volunteered his time at the Cow Palace Cattlemen’s Day in San Francisco barbecuing for the urban CCA President and Butte County cattleman elementary students that come for a tour during the annual livestock show. Dave Daley, Holly Foster, Oroville and Butte County Cattleman of the Year Duke Sherwood. Duke and his family business’

Emergency Services Available (530)347-3711

Large Animal Services Steve Loncosky DVM * Kevin Terra DVM * Bill Hooton DVM * Megan Hillyard DVM * Nina Akana DVM Allison Tedesco DVM * Caitlin Couper DVM

Herd Health Vaccines, Bovine Breeding Soundness, Reproductive Health and Diagnosis, Ultrasound Located at the Shasta Livestock Auction Yard 3917 Main St., Cottonwood CA 96022 www.cottonwoodvetclinic.com cottonwoodvetclinic@gmail.com Pharm: Cottonwoodvetpharmacy@gmail.com

24 California Cattleman April 2017


Cattlemen, PLC Hail Senate Passage of Resolution Rolling Back BLM Rule On March 7, the Public Lands Council and the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association (NCBA) hailed Senate passage of the resolution to repeal the Bureau of Land Management’s (BLM’s) Planning 2.0 Rule. Passage in the upper chamber takes the rule one step closer to the President’s desk and putting this damaging rule to rest once and for all. “This is Strike Two for 2.0. Streamlining is needed in the planning process, but not at the expense of input from local communities and permittees or elimination of economic analysis requirements,” said Dave Eliason, PLC president and Utah rancher. “The final rule also shifts away from BLM’s mission to protect multiple uses of public lands, and it disregards both local input and economic analysis. We look forward to the President quickly delivering the third strike by signing this resolution so that BLM may begin a new, inclusive process.” “Sen. Lisa Murkowski and Rep. Liz

Cheney deserve a great deal of credit for successfully moving this resolution through Congress, and NCBA and PLC are proud to have worked closely with them throughout the legislative process,” said Craig Uden, NCBA president. NCBA and PLC have long expressed concerns about BLM’s Planning 2.0 Rule, which would represent a wholesale shift in management focus at BLM by prioritizing “social and environmental change” over ensuring multiple use of public lands, and by eliminating stakeholder and local input into the planning process. The Obama Administration finalized the BLM Planning 2.0 Rule in December. Under the Congressional Review Act, the U.S. House and Senate have up to 60 legislative days after a new rule becomes final to approve a joint resolution of disapproval, which will fully repeal the final rule if and when the resolution becomes law.

We Believe... ...our goal is to be more than just a semen supplier, but a genetics partner that creates pregnancies that are designed to meet your desired outcome. Low birth weights, high grid values and female replacements that improve your bottomline.

Calving ease. Carcass. Cows. 1-800-278-8254 www.selectsiresbeef.com contact@allwestselectsires.com

April 2017 California Cattleman 25


1937-1947 EMBRACING OPPORTUNITY

Cattlemen strike gold at end of world war era

E

by Managing Editor Stevie Ipsen

very decade in our nation’s relatively short history has its own defining events. The 1930s and 1940s are much more the rule than the exception. Some of our country’s most profound events – for better or for worse – occurred during this timeframe. From monumental events like the election of Franklin Delano Roosevelt to record third and fourth presidential terms and his untimely deaath, to the beginning and end of World War II, this era to-date includes some of the most profound and remembered events in our nation’s history. By 1937, the California Cattlemen’s Association had reached its third decade as a trade association and was recognized by state and national politicians as a serious organization. What once had started as a marketing cooperative that aimed to help beef producers’ calves bring more money at weaning was now helping producers’ bottom line on a variety of fronts. Originally housed in the hustle and bustle of downtown San Francisco, CCA members and staff made the journey to downtown Sacramento often and considered moving the association’s headquarters in order to become more accessible to the state’s lawmakers and government agencies. As we know, that move would eventually take place but not for another 20 years. While the location of the office was a concern, the need for operating funds was more pressing. Directors tried continuously to raise dues to keep the association functioning. In the mid 1940s, with a membership of 1,820, the board of directors raised annual CCA dues to $5 plus $.5/head. After still coming up short, the next year dues were raised to $10/year plus $.6/head. This move brought the association out of the red and into the black and allowed the association to continue working on the issues vital to the industry at that time. 26 California Cattleman April 2017

In addition to CCA members working to benefit their fellow ranchers within the state, their efforts were recognized on the national level as past CCA president Hubbard Russell, a respected cattleman from Los Angeles, was elected to serve as president of the National Livestock Association (now the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association). To illustrate just how much the California beef industry has changed, the Russell brothers (Hubbard, Joe and Harvey) operated about 50,000 acres north of Los Angeles and built the largest purebred herd of Herefords in the West. They drove herds down the main streets of Los Angeles, after midnight, as required by city ordinance, to market or move to another ranch. During this decade Americans both survived and succumbed to a number of tragedies – Pearl Harbor and D-Day are among the most well-known. Because of the livestock, and subsequently meat shortages, cattle were in high demand. As such, cattle theft began to rise. According to a 1940 Bakersfield Californian article, “CCA leaders met with Kern County stockmen and engaged in good-natured but fiery criticism of the present hide-and-brand inspection service.” This was an issue that caused debate for years between California Agriculture Department and the state’s ranchers. With the cooperation of the brand inspection service, CCA started its initial cattle theft reward program in 1942 to provide a monetary reward for information leading to the arrest of anyone who stole a CCA member’s cattle. The reward program continues to benefit CCA members today. Cattle production during the 40s continued a cyclical trend as more cattle were added to herds when prices rise and then culled from the herds when prices fall back. In 1940, cattle producers were at the bottom of the cycle with 68.4 million cattle in the nation’s herds. Nevertheless, the late 1930s and into the 1940s


proved to be a profitable time for U.S. beef production. With livestock production shortages during both world wars, California beef producers were on the horizon of a plethora of opportunity. Some of the greatest minds in California beef production were spinning as they saw opportunity fast approaching and started making plans for a new era in agriculture. Men like Jack Harris, founder of Harris Ranch, Coalinga, knew that as the war ended, optimism would abound. Cattle feeding at that time wasn’t particularly common but was a growing trend. As the need to increase beef supply arrived with the end of the war, feedyards were developed not just to help increase cattle production numbers but also to increase the quality in carcasses being harvested. In 1935, the USDA reported that only 5.1 percent of the nation’s 42.8 million beef cattle were being fattened in feedlots. Only 10 years later that number would be up to nearly 50 percent. With rumors of the war’s end approaching, producers knew that price controls would soon be ending as well. So, cattle feeders intentionally kept their product off of the market, anticipating a price increase. They got it. At the retail level, the cost of virtually all cuts of beef skyrocketed in the late 1940s. Following the war, the USDA reported the nation’s beef cowherd jumping to 85.6 million cattle in 1945. Some of California’s most notable feedyards began during that time period. Well-known feedlot operations like aforementioned Harris Ranch, Foster Feed Yard and Brandt Beef, as well as many others made their entrance to the industry. Each of the founders on these operations were like many other businessmen of that particular era – they saw an opportunity and ran with it. Each were already successful agriculturists and had the foresight to see not just the need to diversify but the promise that cattle feeding had in store. CCA members and cattlemen across the country will always be indebted to beef industry forefathers who paved the way to help make CCA and the industry as a whole what it is today. In 1940, California’s population was at 6,907,387. As of July 2016, it was at an estimated 39,200,000. While the state would be virtually unrecognizable to some of those forefathers, the efforts they made most certainly have made a difference. While cattlemen can no longer drive their herds down the main streets of Los Angeles late at night, their tracks can still be seen and felt by those making a living off beef cattle in the Golden State today. EDITOR’S NOTE: As the California Cattlemen’s Association celebrates its centennial year in 2017, this article is part of a year-long series addressing each of CCA’s 10 decades.

A reward poster in the January 1942 issue of the Calfornia Cattleman.

Union Stock Yards in Los Angeles in 1940. April 2017 California Cattleman 27


Urricelqui honored as FAll River-Big VAlley Cattleman of the year The Fall River-Big Valley Cattlemen’s Association named Roger Urricelqui as their 2017 Cattleman of the Year at their annual spring dinner Feb. 11. Urricelqui, the first born child for Al and Ethel Urricelqui, was raised with deep agriculture roots. He worked as a small child and throughout high school, instead of participating in sports. He worked lots of hours for his family on the farm which consisted of sheep, cattle, a couple milk cows, trout hatchery, chickens and a variety of crops and fruit trees as well as the construction business. In 1961 he married Margie Ecoffee. The couple spent time helping family on the Borges Ranch on Mt. Diablo and friends on the Curley Ranch and the Boger Ranch moving and working cattle, which is where Urricelqui’s passion for cattle started. Roger and Margie raised their children, Kurt and Kim, and in 1974 Roger became restless and ready to move and they wanted to raise their kids in a great small community. The Urricelqui family settled in McArthur in 1976 and are now the fourth family to call their ranch home. In addition to being a cattleman, Urricelqui is known for being a great horseman and raising and training champion kelpie cattle dogs. Urricelqui is an experienced rancher with expertise in a variety of beef breeds. He has also worked with reputable ranchers in the intermountain region. He has been a longtime director for: Fall River and Big Valley Cattlemen’s Association, Shasta County Farm Bureau, various stock dog clubs, and one of his favorites The Intermountain Fair Junior Rodeo. He loved this rodeo for local kids and introducing rodeo to new kids. Roger always had a great passion for rodeo and some of his favorite times were taking his kids to junior rodeos and especially his daughter Kim to the National High School Rodeo finals in Rapid City, S.D., and Douglas, Wyo. For his dedication to the beef and ranching industries, the Fall River Big-Valley Cattlemen’s Association is proud to name Roger Urricelqui, a great husband, father, grandfather, friend and accomplished all-around stockman as their Cattleman of the Year.

Pettyjohn Ranch 16,000 cow/hunting ranch west side of tehama county miles of year-round cottonwood and cold fork creeks many reservoirs for livestock, game & fish

priced at $16,000,000 $10,000,000

Van Cleve Associates

Kurt Urricelqui (left) helps honor his father Roger Urricelqui as the 2017 Fall River-Big Valley Cattleman of the Year. 28 California Cattleman April 2017

David Van Cleve, Broker Oregon - California Ranch Brokerage 530-906-3978 • www.VanCleveRanches.com


April 2017 California Cattleman 29


Wealth Transfer Planning Passing on the family-owned business by Wealth Transfer Specialist Karl Bareither If a family ranch or farm truly wants to transfer their wealth to the next generation or the owners need to become familiar with the principles of successful wealth transfer planning. This article outlines key elements necessary in wealth transfer planning to achieve family objectives. Family communication is the key with the help of a Wealth Transfer Specialist (WTS) WTS is someone who is trained and qualified to play the role of quarterback for the team of advisors who ultimately will design and implement a new plan. The family business advisors really do have to work together as a team, each bringing their own particular skills to bear, in order to develop a new plan that provides solutions. Someone needs to lead this team. Leadership is the key function of the WTS. In addition to leadership skill, the WTS must have knowledge of both business succession and estate planning techniques and collaborate with all the other advisors. In addition to the technical skills required, the WTS must also be a skilled facilitator and, in some cases, become a mediator. The objectives of the WTS is to open family communications, strengthen family relationships, enhance business profitability, and conduct the family retreats, All too often, poor family open communication stands in the way of successful ranch/farm wealth transfers. When wealth transfer advice is fragmented in terms of financial, legal and tax concerns, the tragic results are misinformation, mistrust and failure to meet the objectives of all family members involved. In many cases, family wealth transfer planning is treated as a private matter concerning only the senior generation. Often, there’s a feeling that “it is our money, to do with as we please.” The desire to avoid family disputes over how the wealth will be divided is also an important factor. But, when a significant portion of the family’s wealth lies in a family-ranch/farm, planning in secret has serious potential for harm. In planning for the disposition of a family ranch/farm, the desire to treat all family members “fairly” is often a deciding factor. In many cases, that means leaving equal shares of the business to each heir. This arrangement pits the interests of the family members involved in the ranch/ farm against those of the non-active owners. Owners who do not involve all affected family members in planning decisions frequently have difficulty discerning who has the skills, talents and interest to run the business. Also, who would prefer to inherit non-business assets, if there are any. Much like an architect, a WTS is train to listen to each family member to determine their own objectives. When working with family owned ranch/farms, WTS need to understand the current situation by reviewing the current ranch/farm succession plan, if there is even one established and interviewing each family member and trusted advisor.

30 California Cattleman April 2017

The information obtained during the individual meetings is used in the development of a new wealth transfer plan for the family. THE FAMILY RETREAT Following meeting with all family members and trusted advisors, a new plan is established and a family retreat is scheduled. All family members attend the session in a neutral location and are provided the opportunity to begin open family discussions. The stage is set by asking each person three basic questions. 1. What are your expectations for the retreat? 2. What do you admire most about your family and the family ranch/farm? 3. What changes would you like to see? The first question is non-threatening and designed to help everyone become comfortable speaking in front of the group. Every response is valid. All answers are recorded on a flip chart that is posted on the wall of the room for all to see. One of the objectives is to make certain that by the time the retreat ends, everyone in the room agrees that his or her initial expectations were considered and met when possible. The second question, also duly recorded and posted, helps set a positive tone for the meeting. All participants are invited to talk about the family and ranch/farm history and describe in their own words what they see as the benefits of membership in the family. The third question gets to the heart of the reason for the retreat. Everyone knows that a new plan is about to be unveiled, and they may be anxious about the details. An overriding concern is, “How do I fit into the new plan?” The responses to the third question helps everyone in the room understand how each family member views the ranch/farm and his or her potential role in it. Rarely is the WTS surprised by the responses to the questions because the WTS had taken time at the beginning of the planning process to meet each family member individually. The WTS knows what to expect from these responses because individual family members have responded to questions during individual meetings. The new plan incorporates what was learned from the individual meetings. The three questions and responses set the stage for the presentation of the new wealth transfer plan. The objective now is to give everyone the opportunity to explore concerns about the new plan through constructive dialogue. REVIEW THE CURRENT PLAN After completing the three-question exercise, review the current plan for the transfer of family wealth, if one exists.


If there is no formal plan, WTS needs to review the state of intestacy laws as they apply. The goal is to have all family members understand what would have happened to the business and other family wealth under the existing arrangement had the current owner died. This exercise underscores the need for a new plan and how to achieve family objectives. RELATE FAMILY OBJECTIVES TO THE NEW RANCH/FARM WEALTH TRANSFER PLAN After reviewing the family goals as they were spelled out in the three question exercise and the initial family interviews, describe how the family’s overall goals influenced the design of the new plan. For example, if one child in the family indicated a desire to pursue a career in the family ranch/ farm and a sibling expressed a wish to do something entirely unrelated to the business, the description of the new plan will focus on how this will be accomplished while treating both children fairly. Once all family members understand the “big picture,” WTS ask for general agreement on the new plan design. Explain the concepts involved and respond to any questions or concerns. We have found in our experience with family businesses that having an objective advisor facilitate the process and encourage expression of all points of view leads to acceptance of the plan by all family members. From the beginning, the goal is to engage the entire family and seek the viewpoint of each family member. This process helps everyone understand that even if the new plan does not give all family members exactly what they had hoped for, it is an opportunity for everyone to understand how and why the new wealth transfer plan was designed. The owner was provided with input from all family members and was now able to make informed decisions, resulting in a much greater chance of family agreement. At the end of this process everyone will be satisfied that the new plan makes sense and is the best direction for the future.

for celebration! This should be a special event in recognition of all the time and effort devoted to the planning process. Developing a plan that satisfies all family members and assures continued success of the family ranch/farm is no small accomplishment. It is clear how the ranch/farm and family benefit from this process. Using the services of a WTS results in: • Minimizing transfer costs, • Enhancing family relationships through open family communication; inclusion – not exclusion, • Consideration of both external and internal matters, • A family affair – with open family dialogue, • And, maximizes business profitability. Karl Bareither is a wealth transfer specialist (WTS) who founded his company 50 years ago, specializing in consulting with family ranch/farms interested in transferring their business successfully to the next generation. He is president and founder of Family Business Renewal(FBR) System and has authored a book, “Planning a Family & Business Legacy” read several chapters by going to his website www. fbrsystem.com. Karl and wife Lillian live in Avila Beach. Phone 805 595 2089, karl@fbrsystem.com.

IMPLEMENTATION Once there is agreement, describe in more detail how the new plan is to be implemented. This explanation includes discussion of the legal documents needed, possible need for change of ranch/farm structure, liquidity needs, and actions required by various advisors and family members. Potential problems that might be encountered along the way – such as the costs associated with implementation, potential insurability issues, training and potential development of new leadership and assurance of continued ranch/farm bank loans after the current owner’s departure – are also reviewed. Here again, family members know of the plan, implementation, and the owner makes the final decision. CELEBRATE The completion of the family retreat and agreement to implement the new plan is cause

April 2017 California Cattleman 31


FUTURE FOCUS

Building Blocks

ycc members build experiences on relationships by YCC Publicity Chair Melissa Hardy the mountain left the audience in reflection of the sole value and Thanks to the generosity of Laird Manufacturing, the California Young Cattlemen’s Committee (YCC) state officer blessing of life, family, friends, and the power of love. Hearing team had the opportunity to attend the Annual Cattle Industry the stories of Perino and Weathers reminded us to never lose Convention and NCBA Trade Show, in Nashville, Tenn., this the humor in our daily lives, but always appreciate those who February. During our four days at the NCBA convention, surround us. we attended various meetings and explored the trade show. On the final day of the Annual Cattle Industry Convention Highlights of meetings we attended include various Cattlemen’s and NCBA Trade Show, Caterpillar sponsored the Emerging Colleges on herd management, lameness evaluation and foreign Leaders Luncheon featuring guest speaker Dave Specht. Specht trade policy. gave us an info-packed presentation on the processes involved “I am honored to have had the generous sponsorship when transferring a family ranch or farm from one generation of Laird Manufacturing and the Napa-Solano Cattlemen’s to the next. Finally, Specht closed out the day by providing Association. I genuinely enjoyed all aspects of the convention; autographed copies of his book The Farm Whisperer. however, Cattlemen’s College was the highlight of my An Annual Cattle Industry Convention and NCBA experience. The sessions provided an abundant amount of Trade Show is never complete without experiencing the local knowledge on a wide variety of topics within the beef industry,” atmosphere. Exploring the multiple stories of the Country says Rebecca Swanson, state YCC chair. Music Hall of Fame was a fascinating experience. Hundreds The D.C. Issues Update Meeting was of particular interest of glittering and shimmering displays showcased the very best to our group as we learned about law and policy changes to of country music. The following night’s entertainment was the come in the future that will eventually affect our generation of highlight of the trip – a night at the Grand Ole Opry featuring ranchers. multiple artists including Josh Turner and Trace Adkins. The convention was held at the famous Gaylord Opryland “I enjoyed meeting industry representatives, companies, Resort and Convention Center. Navigating the seemingly and other cattlemen who are working to better our industry. I endless hallways and paths of the hotel during the first few days enjoyed meeting Laird Manufacturing representatives and would of convention was an adventure in itself! This massive resort like to thank them for their sponsorship,” says YCC Vice Chair and convention center encompassed a beautiful indoor-outdoor Steven Pozzi. landscape of waterfalls, a small waterway, an “island” of various The Annual Cattle Industry Convention and NCBA Trade shops accessible by walking bridge and a vast array of plant life. Show is a trip that we will never forget. Aside from the meetings, An enormous trade show that seemed to be the size of a classes, trade show booths and local attractions, there was one ranch itself offered infinite hours of exploration, networking, thing that topped it all - the time spent together. On our first and top of the line industry product display. Significant displays “big trip” as a state officer team this year, we were able to build included John Deere, Caterpillar, Zoetis, Case, Bobcat, Laird friendships that will last a lifetime. Manufacturing, Dodge, Bayer Animal Health, RFD-TV and may breed associations. YCC attendees had the opportunity to attend a Young Cattlemen’s Reception event in the trade show and converse with other young cattlemen from around the United States. This year’s general sessions featured keynote speakers Dana Perino and Beck Weathers. Dana Perino was the White House press secretary under George W. Bush and was the first Republican woman to hold that position. Growing up on a cattle ranch and proceeding to work in the political field, Perino offered a unique middle-man perspective from cattle rancher to politician. Through her humorous presentation, she left her words of wisdom ingrained in the audience. “You have to expect the unexpected,” she said. Beck Weathers, however, gave a heart wrenching story of his rescue from a hike up Mount Everest which was a thriller Left to right are: Rebecca Barnett, Melissa Hardy, Laird in the solemnest of ways. Weathers’ emotional story of his Manufacturing’s David McComb, Rebecca Swanson and Steven Pozzi. near-death experience before being rescued by helicopter off 32 California Cattleman April 2017


Rooms are available at the Marriott Marquis San Diego Marina, located at 333 West Harbor Drive, San Diego, CA 92101. Mention the California Cattlemen’s Association room block to receive a special rate of $229 for a standard room before May 2. Reservations can be made by calling 1-877-622-3056 or by visiting the CCA website at www.calcattlemen.org.

Make checks payable to Name on card: __________________________ California Cattlemen’s Association Card No. _____ _____ _____ _____ Exp. Date _____ / _____ Signature __________________________________________ Detach and mail to California Cattlemen’s Association, 1221 H Street, Sacramento, CA 95814


Cattlemen’s Report V-A-L CHAROLAIS “Just Quality” Bull Sale Nyssa, Ore. • Feb. 18, 2017 Col.Trent Stewart 105 Charolais bulls......................$4,650

Steve Hall of Crawford Cattle Co. and Mike Henslee from Salmon Falls Livestock at Romans Ranches Charolais Bull Sale on March 14 in Westfall, Ore.

LORENZEN RANCHES RED ANGUS BULL SALE Madras, Ore. • Feb. 23, 2016 Col. Rick Machado and Col. Trent Stewart 90 Red Angus bulls....................$5,132 51 composite bulls......................$3,875 143 total bulls...............................$4,677 10 elite heifers...............................$6,477 28 ANNUAL RANCH HAND RODEO WEEKEND HORSE SALE TH

Col. Rick Machado 52 horses averaged......................$5,262 THOMAS ANGUS RANCH Spring Bull Roundup Baker City, Ore. • March. 7, 2017 Sale Managed by Cotton & Associates Col. Rick Machado and Col. Trent Stewart 197 Angus bulls..........................$4,144 38 fall-calving bred heifers......$2,974 RIVERBEND RANCHES Genetic Edge Bull Sale Idaho Falls, Idaho • March 12, 2017 Frank Vandersloot welcomes buyers to Riverbend Ranch’s Genetic Edge Bull Sale in Idaho Falls

Col. Trent Stewart and Col. Rick Machado 398 registered bulls.....................$6,607

SNYDER LIVESTOCK Bulls for the 21st Century Yerington, Nev. • March 12, 2017 Col. Rick Machado and Col. John Rodgers 92 Angus........................................$4,038 2 Balancer......................................$3,575 8 Charolais.....................................$4,375 13 Hereford..................................$3,719 3 LimFlex......................................$3,500 8 Red Angus.................................$4,756 1 Sim Angus.................................$4,000 127 Total........................................$4,052 SPRING COVE RANCH & JBB/AL HEREFORDS Cattlemen’s Connection Bull Sale Bliss, Idaho • March 14, 2017

Col. Rick Machado and Col. Kyle Colyer 157 yearling Angus bulls............$5,330 60 yearling Angus heifers..........$1,920 25 yearling comm heifers..........$1,300 41 Hereford bulls.........................$2,351 6 Red Angus bulls........................$3,367 8 bred Hereford heifers.............$2,069 14 open Hereford heifers..........$1,521 ROMANS RANCHES Charolais Bull Sale Westfall, Ore. • March 15, 2017 Col. Dennis Metzger 68 fall bulls......................................$4,624 27 spring yearling bulls...............$3,815 95 total bulls...................................$4,394

Bently Ranch’s Matt McKinney (left) and Tod Radelfinger (center) pictured at the Bull’s For the 21st Century Bull Test Sale in Yerington, Nev., with consignors Charlie Hone, Hone Ranch, Minden, Nev.; Fred Jorgenson, Jorgensen Charolais, Orland; and Casey and Kris Gudel, Gudel Cattle Co., Wilton. 34 California Cattleman April 2017


IN MEMORY MALCOLM BANKHEAD Malcolm David Bankhead passed away in his home at the alltoo-young age of 62 in the foothills of Livermore surrounded by the love and care of his dear wife of 30 years, Maureen, on March 11. Born on Nov. 22, 1954, as the youngest of six siblings, to Evelyn and Armand Bankhead in Livermore, he spent his life devoted to his community, his agricultural roots and his family where he grew up, lived and thrived his entire life. He attended Inman Country School, Junction Avenue School and graduated from Livermore High School in 1972. He was active in the Livermore FFA and raised and showed market hogs and market steers at the Alameda County Fair, winning the master showmanship award in 1969 as a freshman in high school and numerous other awards throughout his FFA career. Farming and ranching was first and foremost his livelihood, and he was well known for his everlasting green thumb. He found his true passion when he purchased a four thousand gallon water truck in 1988 and began Bankhead’s Water Service as an owner and operator. Two years prior, he married the love of his life and cherished adventure partner, Maureen Carol Davis. On July 26, 1986, the two were married atop a hill on the ranch Malcolm grew up on, making their home there together in the country. On May 17 of 1991 the couple welcomed their only child, a two-pound baby girl, Malorie, who was the light of her daddy’s world. Sharing the first three letters of his name, his love of animals, and more, the pair became inseparable as he gained a loyal sidekick for life. His happy place was on top of any piece of farm equipment or large machinery – and even under them making repairs – on maneuvers, driving his water truck, gardening in the yard, taking a ride on his Harley up Mines Road, grilling any kind of meat protein – ribs and stuffed hamburgers were his specialties— on his Traeger, and feeding his cattle. Malcolm loved a juicy, rare steak and red wine – especially his brother

Mike’s varieties—and every once in a while enjoyed sushi and BBQ’d oysters with his buddies. He was a collector of old timey rusty shop tools, farm implements and equipment and American Pickers was one of his favorite shows to watch on TV. He loved fishing and enjoyed wilderness expeditions with his boat, and his wife, in tow and got to experience a sturgeon fishing trip with his brother and nephews in January. The one they caught wasn’t big enough to keep, but at least they got one in the boat for photographic evidence. Known for his love of story telling, his ability to make anyone feel welcomed and important, and his most genuine smile and chuckle, he was as sweet as he was strong and will be greatly missed by all who had the opportunity to be loved by him. Malcolm is preceded in death by his mother, Evelyn Bankhead; his father, Armand Bankhead; his brothers Bob and Paul Bankhead; and his sister-in-law Debbie Bankhead. Malcolm is survived by his loving

wife of 30 years, Maureen Bankhead; his daughter who idolized him, Malorie Bankhead; his brothers Jack and Mike Bankhead; his sister, Nancy Bankhead; and many cousins; nieces and nephews; and great nieces and nephews. Malcolm’s family would like to thank the team at University of California, San Francisco, especially Anna Ong, BSN, RN, and Dr. Tempuro, for helping him make the most of his fight with pancreatic cancer as the exception to most rules. He fought long and hard for the past five years, but never let the disease define him. Earlier in March, he joined the elite 4 percent of people who survive five years past a stage 4 diagnosis of pancreatic cancer. Heartfelt thanks also go to Hope Hospice nurse Laurel for her compassion and expertise care in helping Malcolm prepare for his next journey. Services were held March 24. Please send memorial donations to the Livermore FFA, Attn: Agriculture Department, 600 Maple Street, Livermore, CA 94550.

IT’S A WIN-WIN

To do business with those looking out for you! Silveus is the exclusive PRF partner of CCA.

Aaron Tattersall 303.854.7016

aaron.tattersall@cropins.net Lic #0H15694

Jim Vann 530.218.3379

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When it comes to PRF (Pasture, Rangeland, Forage), there’s no one better!

Contact a Silveus agent today to see how they can help you! April 2017 California Cattleman 35


California Cattlemen’s Association Services for all your on-the-ranch needs M i d Va l l e y

6th Annual GALT, CA SEPT. 17

M i d Va l l e y

JOIN US AT THE MID VALLEY BULL SALE ON SEPT. 8 IN MODESTO!

M i d Va l l e y

Ranch-raised Angus cattle with industry-leading genetics! CALL US FOR INFORMATION ABOUT OUR PRIVATE TREATY CATTLE OR OUR ANNUAL BULL SALE! PAICINES, CA DANNY CHAVES, MANAGER

RANCH: (831) 388-4791 • DANNY’S CELL: (831) 801-8809

2006 CBCIA Seedstock Producer of the Year

Thank you to our 2016 bull buyers! We look forward to seeing you in 2017!

36 California Cattleman April 2017


THANK YOU TO ALL THIS YEAR’S BUYERS!

LOOK FOR US AT LADING SALES IN 2017.

CONTACT US FOR SEMEN ON THESE TOP ANGUS HERDSIRES! O’Connell Consensus 2705 SIRE: Connealy Consensus 7229 MGS: HARB Pendleton 765 J H

THANK YOU TO OUR 2016 “COMMITMENT TO PERFORMANCE” BULL BUYERS!

VDAR PF Churchill 2825

SIRE: V D A R Churchill 1063 MGS: V D A R Really Windy 4097

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Creek Cedar Ridge 1V M i d V a lMGS: l Cole ey

6th Annual GALT, CA SEPT. 17

Call us for infor mation about pr ivate tr eaty cattle or our 2017 bull sale!

THANK YOU TO OUR 2017 PERFORMANCE PLUS BULL BUYERS!

THANK YOU TO OUR 2016 BULL BUYERS FOR YOUR CONTINUED SUPPORT!

M i d Va l l e y

M i d Va l l e y

WATCH FOR OUR BULLS AT THIS YEAR’S HERITAGE BULL SALE IN WILTON

WOODLAND, CA • (916) 417-4199

JOIN US ON OCT. 6 FOR OUR ANNUAL SALE BY THE SEA IN PISMO BEACH! THURSDAY, SEPT. 14, 2017

CWULFF@LSCE.COM WWW.WULFFBROTHERSLIVESTOCK.COM

April 2017 California Cattleman 37


Join us on Sept. 15 for the 43rd annual “Generations of Performance” Bull Sale.

The Best of Both Worlds (530) 385-1570

Phone 707.448.9208 E-mail................................tehamaranch@gmail.com

www.cherryglenbeefmasters.com

Thank you to our buyers at the annual “Partners for Performance” Bull and Female Sales! Contact us for information on cattle available private treaty.

Brangus • angus • Ultrablacks

THE DOIRON FAMILY

Celebrating 42 Years of Angus Tradition

Daniel & Pamela Doiron 805-245-0434 Cell doiron@spanishranch.net www.spanishranch.net

THD ©

JOIN US IN LAGRANGE9/7/17

Progressive Genetics for over years Bulls and females available private treaty at the ranch!

Jared Patterson: 208-312-2386

GELBVIEH Gerber, CA

Registered Angus Cattle Call to see what we have to offer you!

H

Scott & Shaleen Hogan

R (530) 200-1467 • (530) 227-8882 38 California Cattleman April 2017

THANK YOU TO OUR BULL BUYERS AT OUR INAUGURAL MODOC SALE! WE HOPE TO SEE YOU AGAIN NEXT YEAR!

h

Oroville, CA LambertRanchHerefords.com


3L

“Breeding with the Commercial Cattleman in Mind”

79337 Soto Lane Fort Rock, OR 97735 Ken 541.403.1044 | Jesse 541.810.2460 ijhufford@yahoo.com | www.huffordherefords.com

Pitchfork Cattle Co.

HEREFORD BULLS NOW AVAILABLE!

OFFERING HEREFORD BULLS BUILT FOR THE COMMERCIAL CATTLEMAN

(707) 481-3440 • Bobby Mickelson, Herdman, (707) 396-7364

LITTLE SHASTA RANCH

Genetics That Get Results! 2014 National Western Champion Bull

Owned with Yardley Cattle Co. Beaver, Utah

Dave Goss PO Box 13 Vinton, CA 96135 530-993-4636

ZEIS REAL STEEL

Call anytime to see what we can offer you!

Stan Sears 5322 Freeman Rd. Montague, CA 96064 (530) 842-3950

MCPHEE RED ANGUIS Thank you to our 2016 bull and female sale supporters! 14298 N. Atkins Rd • Lodi, CA 95248 Nellie, Mike, Mary, Rita & Families Nellie (209) 727-3335 • Rita (209) 607-9719 website: www.mcpheeredangus.com

THANK YOU TO OUR CALIFORNIA BULLFEST CUSTOMERS!

April 2017 California Cattleman 39


“Specializing in farm and ranch properties” K. MARK NELSON

(707) 876-3567

RYAN NELSON

BRE# 00346894 BRE# 01883050 (916) 849-5558 (916) 804-6861 kmarknelson@gmail.com ryan.nelson85@gmail.com

(707) 876-1992

2015 AICA Seedstock Produer of the Year

WE BUILD THE FINEST FENCING FAST!

Specializing in livestock fence & facility construction and repair

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DRILL STEM FOR FENCING

Good supply of all sizes from 1.66 to 6 5/8. 2 3/8", 2 7/8" and 3 1/2" cut posts 7, 8 & 10 ft.

CABLE SUCKER ROD CONTINUOUS FENCE Heavy duty gates, guard rail and the best big bale feeders on the market today with a 10-year warranty, save hay.

Pay for itself in first season!

40 California Cattleman April 2017


TOM PERONA, DVM 209-996-7005 Cell

ANDER L VETERINARY clinic Office 209-634-5801

4512 S. Walnut Rd. • P.O. Box 1830 • Turlock, CA 95380

THD ©

Market directly to your target audience through one of the most reputable publications in the west! The California CAttleman is also the only publication in California that puts its advertising revenue right back into protecting and supporting the beef industry. the California Cattleman is sent monthly to subscribing cattle producers and members of the California Cattlemen’s Association who need your services! $450 for the first 11 months $400 for each annual renewal To learn more about an annual advertisement in this buyer’s guide, contact Matt Macfarlane at (916) 803-3113. April 2017 California Cattleman 41


All West/Select Sires..................................................... 25

Donati Ranch................................................................ 36

Ray-Mar Ranchese....................................................... 37

Amador Angus............................................................. 36

Edwards Lien & Toso................................................... 40

Razzari Auto Centers................................................... 43

American Hereford Association................................. 38

Five Star Land Company............................................. 40

Romans Ranches.......................................................... 23

Andreini & Company.................................................. 35

Freitas Rangeland Improvements............................... 28

Sammis Ranch.............................................................. 37

Animal Health International...................................... 17

Fresno State Ag Foundation........................................ 39

San Juan Ranch............................................................. 38

Avila Cattle Co.............................................................. 23

Fresno State Agriculture Foundation......................... 23

Schafer Ranch............................................................... 37

Bar 6 Charolais.............................................................. 23

Furtado Angus.............................................................. 37

Schohr Herefords.......................................................... 39

Bar R Angus.................................................................. 36

Furtado Livestock Enterprises.................................... 41

Sierra Ranches............................................................... 39

Bianchi Ranches........................................................... 23

Genoa Livestock........................................................... 38

Silveira Bros................................................................... 38

BMW Angus................................................................. 36

Gonslalves Ranch......................................................... 37

Silveus Rangeland Insurance...................................... 42

Bovine Elite, LLC.......................................................... 41

HAVE Angus................................................................. 37

Skinner Livestock Transportation.............................. 40

Broken Arrow Angus................................................... 36

Hogan Ranch................................................................ 38

Sonoma Mountain Herefords..................................... 39

Broken Box Ranch..................................................23, 40

Hone Ranch................................................................... 38

Southwest Fence & Construction, Inc....................... 40

Buchanan Angus Ranch.............................................. 36

Hufford’s Herefords...................................................... 39

Spanish Ranch............................................................... 38

Byrd Cattle Company.................................................. 36

J-H Feed, Inc................................................................. 40

Tehama Angus Ranch.................................................. 38

California Custom........................................................ 40

J/V Angus...................................................................... 37

Teixeira Cattle Co......................................................... 37

California State University, Chico.............................. 39

Jorgensen Ranch........................................................... 23

Tumbleweed Ranch...................................................... 38

California Wagyu Breeders......................................... 40

Lambert Ranch............................................................. 38

Turlock Livestock Auction Yard................................... 7

Cattlemen’s Livetock Market......................................... 2

Lander Veterinary Clinic............................................. 41

Universal Semen Sales................................................. 41

CattleVacBox................................................................. 16

Little Shasta Ranch....................................................... 39

Van Cleve & Associates................................................ 28

Charron Ranch............................................................. 36

McPhee Red Angus...................................................... 39

Veterinary Service, Inc................................................. 40

Cherry Glen Beefmasters............................................ 38

Nicholas Livestock Co................................................. 23

VF Red Angus............................................................... 39

Circle M Farms............................................................. 29

Noahs Angus Ranch..................................................... 37

Vintage Angus Ranch............................................38, 44

Conlan Ranches California......................................... 40

O’Connell Ranch.......................................................... 37

Visalia Livestokck Market........................................... 12

Conlin Supply Company, Inc...................................... 13

ORIgen...........................................................................41

Western Charolais Breeders........................................ 23

Corsair Angus Ranch................................................... 36

Orvis Cattle Company................................................. 39

Western Fence & Construction.................................. 40

Cottonwood Veterinary Clinic................................... 24

Pacific Trace Minerals.................................................. 40

Western Stockman’s Market........................................ 11

Dal Porto Livestock...................................................... 37

Pitchfork Cattle Co....................................................... 39

Western Video Market................................................... 3

Diamond Back Ranch.................................................. 40

Plumas Bank................................................................. 31

Wulff Brothers Livestock............................................. 37

42 California Cattleman April 2017


Razzari Auto Centers is the Right Choice for all your commercial vehicle needs! We offer 3 different lines of Commercial Vehicles to fit your needs. 

Commercial Lines of Credit and Commercial Leasing Extended Warranty Programs

 

Sales & Fleet Service

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VIEW OUR INVENTORY ONLINE! www.razzari.com/commercial-fleet-sales/ OR CALL US! (209) 205-4654 Mike “Ryno” Ryan

Chris Laveglia

Ron Nieport

Commercial Sales Manager

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P (209) 354-2105

P (209) 354-2105

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C (209) 628-8690

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E mryan@razzari.com

E claveglia@razzari.com

E rnieport@razzari.com


A special “Thank You” from

VINTAGE ANGUS RANCH to a longtime customer

BENGARD RANCH

A 2,500 commercial cow-calf operation in Monterey, San Benito, Merced, Tehama, Shasta & Plumas counties in California and Klamath County in Oregon.

Bardin Bengard, Tom D. Bengard, Terry Bengard, Tracy Pezzini and Tom A. Bengard

“Bengard Ranch has been buying Vintage Angus bulls for over 20 years. Jim Coleman and his crew have been progressive in selecting the very best genetics nationwide to use in their herd. We feel that their hard work has paid off for us. Our calves have consistently topped the market due to these genetics. The Vintage Angus program provides outstanding customer service and we enjoy doing business with them. They are simply the best!”

– Tom and Terry Bengard

24th Annual

“Carcass Maker” Bull Sale Thursday, Sept.7, 2017 LaGrange , CA

44 California Cattleman April 2017

JIM COLEMAN, OWNER DOUG WORTHINGTON, MANAGER BRAD WORTHINGTON, OPERATIONS MIKE HALL, BULL SERVICES (805)748-4717 2702 SCENIC BEND, MODESTO, CA 95355

(209) 521-0537

WWW.VINTAGEANGUSRANCH.COM VINTAGEANGUS@EARTHLINK.NET

April 2017 California Cattleman  
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