Page 1

kim liên city

bùi quý sơn


kim liĂŞn city volume 3 design development


Area around Hoan Kiem Lake, Hanoi Early XX century


Thanh Xuan District, Hanoi Photo Franรงois Carlet-Soulages, 2016


Kowloon City, Hong Kong Photo Greg Gerard, ca. 1989


University of Ruhuna, Sri Lanka Geoffrey Bawa, 1988


Plan of Hanoi, 1873


Plan of Hanoi, 1885


Plan of Hanoi, 1936


Plan of Hanoi, 2014


reference point / collectivity img. 14

img. 10

img. 09

img. 13

img. 06

img. 02

img. 05

img. 01

series 01

img. 15

img. 11

img. 07

img. 03

img. 16

img. 12

img. 08

img. 04

the ground, the roof, the tiger cage, the water tank

the ground the roof

protection / rejection


dialog / dynamism img. 31

img. 27

img. 23

img. 19

“kim liên city” – transformations of a post-war subsidy-era collective housing area in hanoi

img. 32

img. 28

img. 24

img. 20

03/06/17 15:57

the water tank

KLC_Series01_B1.indd 1

functionality / core

kadk / ibd / sdpd / master’s thesis spring 2017 / bui quy son / supervisor tom mose

img. 30

img. 26

img. 25

img. 29

img. 22

img. 18

img. 21

img. 17

the tiger cage


50m

4 B1 3 B1

4 B1

2 B1

0

B1

1 B1

0 B1

) ew

(n

0 B1

d)

l (o s

bi B9

B7

B8

B7

) ew

(n

B7

l (o s

bi

d)

B6

B5

B4 B3

B4

B2

B1


metro station (project)

metro line 2 (project)

internal roads of the project area

primary internal roads of klc

external roads (outside the boundaries of klc)

healthcare

office

education

retail and service

housing

playground and free space (ground level)

retail and street food (ground level)

{L} project area: 60,000 sqm


original facades (1962)

stairs 1

level 4

level 3

level 2

level 1

–01

–02

–03

–04

–05

–06

–07

–08

–12

–11

–10

–09

stairs 2

level 4

level 3

level 2

level 1

–16

–15

–14

–13

1:200

–13


northwest southeast

stairs 2

–09

–10

–11

–12

–13

–14

–15

–16

–04

–03

–02

–01

stairs 1

–08

–07

–06

–05

–04

2017.04.19


original layout 2 1

4

4

3

3

5

5

1

5

2

2

5

1

5

4

4

3

3

2 1

5

5

5

6

6

6

5 6

6 6 Type 02

Type 01

immediate adaptations upon arrival of residents

2 1

5

4 3

1

2

5

Type 01

Type 02

Type 03

4

4

3

3

2 1

Type 04

4

1

3

5

5

6

6

Type 03

2

4 3

1

2

5

Type 04

Type 05


phase 00 – 1962

1+2. Anteroom + Kitchen: 11.6 / 16.4 sqm 3. Bathroom: 1.7 sqm 4. Toilet: 1.7 sqm 5. Multifunctional room: 10.2 / 18.4 / 22.2 sqm 6. Balcony: 1.1 / 4.0 sqm Total 32 units 32 households (4 per floor per staircase)

Type 01 1+2. 16.4 sqm 3. 1.7 sqm 4. 1.7 sqm 5. 22.2 sqm / 18.4 sqm 6. 4.0 sqm Total: 60.4 sqm

Type 02 1+2. 11.6 sqm 3. 1.7 sqm 4. 1.7 sqm 5. 22.2 sqm / 18.4 sqm / 10.2 sqm 6. 1.1 sqm / 4.0 sqm Total: 65.8 sqm

Original flooring in cement tiles 20 x 20 cm

Type 03 1+2. 11.6 sqm 3. 1.7 sqm 4. 1.7 sqm 5. 22.2 sqm / 18.4 sqm 6. 4.0 sqm Total: 55.6 sqm

Type 04 1+2. 16.4 sqm 3. 1.7 sqm 4. 1.7 sqm 5. 18.4 sqm / 18.4 sqm 6. 4.0 sqm / 4.0 sqm Total: 56.6 sqm

Floor in unfinished concrete

phase 01 – 1962-1985

Shared between 2 households 1. Anteroom: 7.8 / 10.3 sqm 2. Kitchen: 3.5 / 5.6 sqm 3. Bathroom: 1.7 sqm 4. Toilet: 1.7 sqm Private to each household 5. Multifunctional room: 10.2 / 18.4 / 22.2 sqm 6. Balcony: 1.1 / 4.0 sqm

5

6

Total 32 shared units (4 per floor per staircase) 64 households (8 per floor per staircase)

Type 01 1. 10.3 sqm 2. 5.6 sqm 3. 1.7 sqm 4. 1.7 sqm 5. 22.2 sqm

Type 02 1. 7.8 sqm 2. 3.5 sqm 3. 1.7 sqm 4. 1.7 sqm 5. 22.2 sqm

Modifications of the built structure

Type 03 1. 10.3 sqm 2. 5.6 sqm 3. 1.7 sqm 4. 1.7 sqm 5. 18.4 sqm 6. 4.0 sqm

Type 04 1. 7.8 sqm 2. 3.5 sqm 3. 1.7 sqm 4. 1.7 sqm 5. 18.4 sqm 6. 4.0 sqm

Type 05 1. 7.8 sqm 2. 3.5 sqm 3. 1.7 sqm 4. 1.7 sqm 5. 22.2 sqm / 10.2 sqm 6. 1.1 sqm


redivision of dwelling units and start of extensions 5

5

5

6 2

1

2

3

1

3

1

2

3

5

5

6

6

1

2

3

1

2

3 3

4

4

Type 01

Type 02

4

4

Type 03

Type 04

4

Type 05

Construction of B8a and B8b blocks ; Residents to build courtyard of the Martyrs and courtyard of Uncle Ho to protect collective space

Inauguration (April) ; First residents moving in and immediate adaptations (May)

1962

First extensions on the southeast facade (balcony side)

First wave of residents to move out ; Illegal changeover to new residents (between individuals)

1975

1982

1984 1985

Permiss individua renova First extensions on the ground level

1988

199


Type 01 1. 6.0 sqm 2. 5.6 sqm 3. 22.2 sqm

Total 64 units 64 households (8 per floor per staircase)

Type 02 1. 5.4 sqm 2. 2.0 sqm 3. 22.2 sqm 6. 4.5 sqm

Type 03 1. 6.0 sqm 2. 5.6 sqm 3. 18.4 sqm

Extensions on the facade

Type 04 1. 5.4 sqm 2. 2.0 sqm 3. 18.4 sqm 6. 4.5 sqm

Type 05 1. 5.4 sqm 2. 2.0 sqm 3. 22.2 sqm / 10.2 sqm 6. 4.5 sqm

Extensions on the ground

Demolition of the original B4 and B14 blocks ; Construction of new 21-storey B4 and B14 blocks

Construction of 11-storey additional B7 and B10 blocks on former football pitches ; Construction of B7 bis and B10 bis for temporary resettlements (which finally remained and ended up being sold to out-of-towners)

Boom of extensions due to regulations loosened

Decree 61 legalising privatisation of dwelling units (transfer of state-owned properties to individuals) ; First extensions on the northwest facade (hallway side)

2000

Start of extensions’s taxes

2006

2010

Approved project to rebuild 41 ha of KLC

2013

2016 2017

important dates and events

90

phase 02 – 1985-2000

sion for al interior ations

1. Kitchen: 5.4 / 6.0 sqm 2. Bathroom + Toilet: 2.0 / 5.6 sqm 3. Multifunctional room: 10.2 / 18.4 / 22.2 sqm 4. Extension on the facade: from 7.2 to 15.1 sqm 5. Extension on the ground: approx. 10.0 sqm 6. Hallway: 4.5 sqm


original facade and sections (1962)

level 4

level 3

level 2

level 1

level 4

level 3

level 2

level 1

1:200


southwest, northeast aa, bb

2017.04.19

a

b

a

b


main streets with access to all veh

ground occupation: relaxation sp

ground occupation: sports faci

ground occupation: motorbike par

ground occupation: trade acti

buil


main streets with access to all veh

ground occupation: relaxation sp

ground occupation: sports faci

ground occupation: motorbike par

ground occupation: trade acti

street food st

buil


Ink wash landscape painting Sesshu Toyo, late XV century


Parc de la Villette competition entry, Paris OMA, 1982


Villa Verde, Constituciรณn ELEMENTAL, 2010


House of the Future, London Alison and Peter Smithson, 1956


open / collective

closed / intimate


xix

xviii

xvii

xvi

xv

xiv

xiii

xii

xi

x

a b

c d

e

f

g

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

2.70

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60


x

ix

viii

vii

vi

v

iv

iii

ii

i

2.38

6.54

2.38

3.15

3.00

3.00

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

2.70

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60


plan layout

plan layout

stairs 2

stairs 1

plan layout

plan layout

stairs 2

stairs 1

316 216

215

214

213

218

212

211

210

209

208

207

416

315 206

415

314 205

115

114

113

1:200

217

414

413

1:200

1:200 116

313

112

111

110

109

108

107

106

105

1:200


level 2

level 3

201-216: single-storey, 3 beds, 56-59m² 217-218: single-storey, 1 bed, 28m²

301-316: single-storey, 2 beds, 48-50m² 317-318: double-storey (level 3+4), 1 bed, 41m²

stairs 2

stairs 1

level 1

level 4

101, 102, 104, 107, 110, 113: single-storey, 3-4 beds, 71m² 103, 106, 114: beauty salons, 71m² 105: office, 71m² 108, 109, 112, 115, 116: restaurants / cafés, 71m² 111: nursery, 71m²

401-416: single-storey, 1 bed, 40-42m² 317-318: double-storey (level 3+4), 1 bed, 41m²

stairs 2

318 204

318

stairs 1

312 203

412

311 202

411

310

103

2017.04.19

308

307

306

305

317

304

303

302

301

409

408

407

406

405

317

404

403

402

401

201

410

2017.04.19

2017.04.19 104

309

102

101

2017.04.19


plan layout xix

xviii

xvii

xvi

xv

xiv

xiii

xii

xi

x

xix

xviii

xvii

xvi

xv

xiv

xiii

xii

xi

x

xix

xviii

xvii

xvi

xv

xiv

xiii

xii

xi

x

a b

a b c d a b e c df

e g c df

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

2.70

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

2.70

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

2.70

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

e g

f

g

1:200


the bearing

x

ix

viii

vii

vi

v

iv

iii

ii

i

2.38

x

ix

viii

vii

vi

v

iv

iii

ii

i

6.54 2.38

x

ix

viii

vii

vi

v

iv

iii

ii

i 2.38 6.54 3.15 2.38

3.00 2.38 6.54 3.15 3.00

3.00 2.38 3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

2.70

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60 3.15 3.00

3.00 3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

existing load-bearing columns (reinforced concrete) load-bearing walls (ggbfs 2.70existing 3.60 3.60 3.60concrete) 3.60 additional columns (steel) existing structural grid additional structural grid existing load-bearing columns (reinforced concrete) load-bearing walls (ggbfs 2.70existing 3.60 3.60 3.60concrete) 3.60 additional columns (steel) existing structural grid additional structural grid

2017.04.25

existing load-bearing columns (reinforced concrete)

3.00


plan layout xix

xviii

xvii

xvi

xv

xiv

xiii

xii

xi

x

xix

xviii

xvii

xvi

xv

xiv

xiii

xii

xi

x

xix

xviii

xvii

xvi

xv

xiv

xiii

xii

xi

x

a b

a b c d a b e c df

e g c df

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

2.70

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

2.70

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

2.70

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

e g

f

g

1:200


the separation

x

ix

viii

vii

vi

v

iv

iii

ii

i

2.38

x

ix

viii

vii

vi

v

iv

iii

ii

i

6.54 2.38

x

ix

viii

vii

vi

v

iv

iii

ii

i 2.38 6.54 3.15 2.38

3.00 2.38 6.54 3.15 3.00

3.00 2.38 3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

2.70

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60 3.15 3.00

3.00 3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

2.70

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60 3.00

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

2.70

3.60

3.60

2017.04.25

3.60

3.60


plan layout xix

xviii

xvii

xvi

xv

xiv

xiii

xii

xi

x

xix

xviii

xvii

xvi

xv

xiv

xiii

xii

xi

x

xix

xviii

xvii

xvi

xv

xiv

xiii

xii

xi

x

a b

a b c d a b e c df

e g c df

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

2.70

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

2.70

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

2.70

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

e g

f

g

1:200


the permeable

x

ix

viii

vii

vi

v

iv

iii

ii

i

2.38

x

ix

viii

vii

vi

v

iv

iii

ii

i

6.54 2.38

x

ix

viii

vii

vi

v

iv

iii

ii

i 2.38 6.54 3.15 2.38

3.00 2.38 6.54 3.15 3.00

3.00 2.38 3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

2.70

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60 3.15 3.00

3.00 3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

2.70

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60 3.00

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

2.70

3.60

3.60

2017.04.25

3.60

3.60


plan layout xix

xviii

xvii

xvi

xv

xiv

xiii

xii

xi

x

xix

xviii

xvii

xvi

xv

xiv

xiii

xii

xi

x

xix

xviii

xvii

xvi

xv

xiv

xiii

xii

xi

x

a b

a b c d a b e c df

e g c df

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

2.70

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

2.70

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

2.70

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

e g

f

g

1:200


the adaptable

x

ix

viii

vii

vi

v

iv

iii

ii

i

2.38

x

ix

viii

vii

vi

v

iv

iii

ii

i

6.54 2.38

x

ix

viii

vii

vi

v

iv

iii

ii

i 2.38 6.54 3.15 2.38

3.00 2.38 6.54 3.15 3.00

3.00 2.38 3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

2.70

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60 3.15 3.00

3.00 3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

2.70

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60 3.00

3.60

3.60

3.60

3.60

2.70

3.60

3.60

2017.04.25

3.60

3.60


plan layout

notes

spaces & functions: 1. hallway 2. unit’s entrance 3. common areas 4. light well 5. toilet 6. bathroom 7. intimate spaces 8. balcony garden

1 2

3

4 5 6 7 8

412

411

tectonic elements: existing load-bearing columns (reinforced concrete) existing load-bearing walls (ggbfs concrete) separation walls envelope walls with openings curtain rails


Kunstnernes Hus Hariton Pushwagner, 2015


9 columns 66.4 44 concrete columns 1.5 1.5 14

32 concrete beams 1.5 1.6 (h) 17.5

17 columns 15.8 24 concrete t-beams 0.5+0.5+0.5 1.6+1 (h) 12.65

38 steel trans. beams 0.75 0.75 17.25

12 steel columns 0.75 0.75 20.5

9 steel columns 0.75 0.75 66.4

12 steel long. beams 0.75 0.75 14.625

4 steel long. beams 0.75 0.75 11.525

1 steel long. beam 0.75 0.75 31.95 measurements in cm for 1:20 model / 2017.05.01

12 column 20.5 (roof)

12 concrete t-beams 0.5+0.5+0.5 1.6+1 (h) 32.7

10 steel vertical beams 0.75 0.75 15.85

24 steel long. beams 0.75 0.75 14.25

1 steel long. beam 0.75 0.75 21.6

1 steel long. beam 0.75 0.75 21.375

1 steel long. beam 0.75 0.75 21.875

24 beams 14.2

1 steel long. beam 0.75 0.75 22.1

12 beam 14.6


52 beams 17.2

ns

0.75 11.53 9.10 11.75 9.60 11.53

17.25

1.00 1.60 14.00 14.00

15.85

14.00 10.00 14.00

0.75 5.00

25.60

66.40

15.85 15.35

0.75

20.50

19.25

14.62

15.85

0.75 14.25 14.25

17.25

4.25 3.31

9.25 45.38

58.00

3 beams 31.9 3.31

37.50

6 beams 11.45

ms 6

EXTENSION STRUCTURE all: wooden sticks 0.8 x 0.8 cm

measurements in cm for 1:20 model / 2017.05.01


FW 2011 RTW Collection Stella McCartney, 2010


FW 2010 RTW Collection Balenciaga by Nicolas Ghesquière, 2009


02

odel 1:20 djust Structure (Rhino)

03

- Model 1:20

04

- Model 1:20 presentation planpresentation plan - Trans. Sections 03-04 1:100

- Model 1:20

- Plans Units 403-404 1: 100

ori

ori

gin

gin

al exi

al exi

stin

stin

g re an mov d a ed dd ed

presentation plan

09

re an mov d a ed dd ed

10 ap

xon. 1:100

pro

- Axon. 1:100

g

m 1

11 ap

pri

ate

- Axon. 1:100 d

pro

pri exterior ate visual d

exterior visu

- Axon. 1:100 original

existing

r an

south elevati 1:100

map hanoi 1:500,000

long. section 1:100 map klc 1:5,000

{L} axonometric 1:500

{L} axonometric 1:500

{M} axonometric 1:100

{M} axonometric 1:100

interior visual

interior long. visu section 1:100

map e

photo registration

4 4 32 3 1

long. section 1:100

16

Visuals int updated presentation Crit 3 odel 1:500

17

- CRIT 3 map existing 1:2,000

{L} axonometric 1:500

exterior visual

- Long. Section 3 1:100 - FINISH ALL {M} DRAWINGS

- FINISH ALL + {M+S} CONC - FINISH ALL (except 1:10)

plan level 3 1:100

plan level 5 1:200

plan level 4 1:200

map project 1:2,000

{M+S} architectural concept

{L} urban strategy

context video

18

{L} context model 1:500

process drawings and models

{M} drawing

1:10

NISH Axon. 1:100 context video

23

24

- FINISH 2 Detail Axon. 1:10 - PRINT 1:100{S}and section model 1:20 contextAxon. video {S} Drawings - Model 1:500

- FINISH Exterior Visual - Vol. 4{S}(Final Design) section model 1:20

1:10

25

1:10

books

- FINISH Interi - Vol. 4 book


05

06

07

- FINISH + ORDER version 3 Vol. 1 (Program) and Vol. 2 (Registration) - Trans. Sections 15-16 1:100 - Plans Units 315-316 1: 100

- Axon. 1:500

- FINISH Axon. 1:500

original

ual

appropriated

photo registration

removed and added

appropriated original

removed and added

version 4 - exam scenario

13

- Furnish Plan Level 3 1:100 - South Elevation 1:100 long. section 1 - Long. Sections 1 + 2 1:1001:100

- Trans. Section 17 1:100 - Retouch Plans 1:200 plan units 403-404 - Retouchlong. Maps 1:500,000 and section 1 1:100 1:100 1:5,000 - Retouch {M+S} Concepts 15-16 - Model 1:500 trans. section 1:100 trans. section 03-04 1:100

al exis

long. section 2 1:100

g re an mov d a ed dd ed

map project 1:2,000

ap

pro

pri

plan units 315-316 1:100

ate

d

plan units 315-316 1:100

photo registration

n3

{L} STRATEGY CEPT {S} DRAWINGS

3

gs

20

plan level 2 1:200

trans. section 17 1:100

trans. section 17 1:100

1:100

map existing 1:2,000 transformation process 1:2,000

{L} urban strategy

map project 1:2,000

{M+S} architectural concept {L} urban strategy

26

ior Visual {L} context model 1:500

{M+S} architectural concept

- PRINT VISUALS - PRINT {L} VOL. context 4 model 1:500 - Model 1:20

2017.04.28

21

- Axon. 1:100

detail axon. original facade 1:10

detail axon. original facade 1:10

detail axon. original facade {S} drawings 1:10 plan level 2 1:200

plan level 5 1:200

plan level 4 1:200

4 32 1

plan units 217 1:100

detail axon. extensions facade 1:10

plan level 1 1:200

plan level 5 1:200

interior visual

- Axon. 1:100 plan level 3

- PRINT ALL EXPLANATION POSTERS (except {S} drawings) and final Axon 1:500 (if modified) plan level 3 1:100 - Model 1:20

{M} axonometric 1:100

2 1

ks

long. section 3 1:100

19

transformation goals

- FINISH + ORDER Vol. 3 (Process) -plan Model 1:20 units 214-213 1:100 - 2 Visuals

trans. section 15-16 1:100

tin

ual n2

14

trans. section 17 1:100

plan units 403-404 1:100

long. section 2 1:100

gin

existing 1:2,000

trans. section 14 1:100

12

n1

ori

appropriated

trans. section 03-04 south elevation 1:100 1:100

map klc 1:5,000

ion

existing

south elevation 1:100

map klcmap hanoi 1:5,0001:500,000

map hanoi 1:500,000

removed nd added

existing

version 5

{S} section model 1:20

books

plan level 2 1:200

detail axon. extensions facade 1:10

plan level 4 1:200

planaxon. level 1 detail 1:200 extensions facade 1:10 2017.04.28

plan level 1 1:200

27

{M} drawings

- Model 1:20 - Model 1:500

process drawings and models

2017.05.04

{S} drawings

28

process drawings and models

- FINISH ALL MODELS - Gather all process materi - Retouch video - Find podium for books


“kim liên city” transformations of a post-war subsidy-era collective housing area in hanoi bui quy son master’s thesis, spring 2017 under the supervision of tom mose the royal danish academy of fine arts schools of architecture, design and conservation institute of architecture and design spatial design, perception and detail


Kim Liên City / Volume 3  

Bùi Quý Sơn - Master's Thesis in Architecture at The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, Copenhagen, Summer 2017.

Kim Liên City / Volume 3  

Bùi Quý Sơn - Master's Thesis in Architecture at The Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts, Copenhagen, Summer 2017.

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