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Virtual Civil Rights museum

Neu revisits childhood as Cardinals prepare to take on Fighting Irish

Students and faculty created a virtual history museum of historical Civil Rights sites in Indiana.404

Zach Piatt | Assistant Sports Editor

Student Life

It has been booming through the speakers at Scheumann Stadium all week at practice. It can be heard down the halls and throughout the building from the weight room. The melody is engraved in the minds of Ball State Football players leading up to their Saturday showdown with Notre Dame. The song is “Victory March,” the fight song of the Fighting Irish. In an attempt to limit its number of times played in South Bend, Ball State head coach Mike Neu said he wants to get his players sick of the song in Muncie. “Hear it enough throughout the week of practice, and it just keeps jabbing at them,” Neu said. “Having that at practice during different segments just to hammer home the environment,

CAP students redesign stockyards Students teamed up with a Chicago firm to bring new life to the area.404

Women’s Golf

Golf from all different nations Players on Ball State’s roster represent four countries.424


Alumna creates organic nut butters

the storied program and use it as a motivator.” Having Notre Dame on the schedule has taken Neu back to his childhood days as an Irish fan. Growing up a football player in a Catholic grade school on the south side of Indianapolis, Neu was conditioned to follow Notre Dame. Keeping up with the games, however, would be a challenge. Neu’s former residence wasn’t exactly viewer-friendly. He said his house contained only one television with three different channels. Luckily for Neu, Notre Dame was on every weekend, and he wasn’t going to let any of his siblings put anything other than football on the TV on Saturday afternoons.

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In 2013, Betsy Opyt opened Betsy’s Best to share her creations with the community.428





02 Did you miss it? Catch up on the news from September 1-5 on…

Volleyball soars at Mary Jo Wynn Invite

Field Hockey remains winless


4Sept. 1: Ball State Women’s Volleyball finished its second tournament of the season at 2-1. The Cardinals had big wins over Marshall, 3-0, and Oral Roberts, 3-1. Senior Ellie Dunn recorded her third career double-double in the win against Oral Roberts. The Cardinals return home for the Active Ankle Challenge this weekend.

Tim Tebow coming to Muncie

4Sept. 5: Former quarterback and current baseball player Tim Tebow will speak at Worthen Arena for the 10th-annual Fields of Faith, the largest local Christian event in East Central Indiana. The event will be held Thursday, Nov. 1, 5:30-8:30 p.m. Tickets are free online, and T-shirts for the event cost $15.

4Sept. 1: Ball State Field Hockey dropped both its matches last weekend to Dartmouth and Iowa. Sophomore Abby Feremcy netted the Cardinals’ first goal of the season in the 5-1 loss to Dartmouth. The Cardinals would later fall to Iowa, 7-1. The Cardinals will try to capture their first win of the season against Ohio State this weekend.

Students perform improv in first play


4Sept. 5: At 7:30 p.m. Sept. 7, Strother Studio Theatre will host “We are Proud to Present…,” a show about the creation of a play based on genocide research from Namibia. Tickets are $15 for the general public and $12 for students, faculty, staff and seniors.


VOL. 98 ISSUE: 4

Joe Strus

NewsLink Indiana Chief Weather Forecaster









NEXT WEEK: Warm temperatures earlier this week have given way to more mild September air. The relief from the summerlike heat has been accompanied by increased rain chances.

The Ball State Daily News (USPS-144-360), the Ball State student newspaper, is published Thursdays during the academic year except for during semester and summer breaks. The Daily News is supported in part by an allocation from the General Fund of the university and is available free to students at various campus locations.

4Sept. 4: Three pedestrians suffered non-life-threatening injuries after being hit by a car early Saturday morning near Be Here Now. Muncie Police Department arrested suspect Keith Childress late Monday after he left the scene. He was preliminarily charged with several counts including aggravated battery and has a $73,000 bond.

Be My Neighbor Day returns to Muncie

4Sept. 5: WIPB-TV will host its fourth annual Be My Neighbor Day event in Canon Commons from 1-4 p.m. Sept. 8. The event was designed to bring the Muncie community closer together, as well as make families more aware of different organizations and ways to give back.

CONTACT THE DN Newsroom: 765-285-8245 Editor: 765-285-8249, editor@


People hit by Muncie driver at Be Here Now

Allie Kirkman, Editor-in-chief Brooke Kemp, Managing Editor Brynn Mechem, News Editor Tier Morrow, Features Editor Jack Williams, Sports Editor Rebecca Slezak, Photo Editor Tierra Harris, Copy Editor Demi Lawrence, Opinion Editor Jake Helmen, Video Editor Lauren Owens, Social Media Editor


Emily Wright, Director Elliott DeRose, Design Editor Michael Himes, Web Developer

POSTAL BOX The Daily News offices are in AJ 278, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306-0481. Periodicals postage paid in Muncie, Ind. TO ADVERTISE • 765-285-8256 or • Hours: 8 a.m.-5 p.m. Mon-Fri. • TO SUBSCRIBE Call 765-285-8134 between 9 a.m. and 3 p.m. Mon. -Fri. Subscription rates: $45 for one year. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Daily News, AJ246, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306.

4ON THE COVER: Ball State head coach Mike Neu walks down the sideline during the game against the University of Illinois on Sept. 2, 2017. Ball State lost to Illinois 24-21, bringing the Cardinals to 0-1 on the season. ROBBY GENERAL, DN

JOIN THE DAILY NEWS Stop by room 278 in the Art and Journalism Building. All undergraduate majors accepted and no prior experience is necessary.

CORRECTION The Aug. 30, 2018, edition reported a student’s name as “Vivela” instead of “Viveca.” It also listed Seth Campbell as a member of the design team, though he is a member of the development team. A story also listed a student’s pronouns as he/him when they are actually they/them. To submit a correction, email





4 Village businesses now accepting Cardinal Cash

Mass shooting at Madden tournament A shooting during a Madden eSports tournament killed two men and injured 10 others Aug. 26, in Jacksonville, Florida. The GLHF Game Bar was hosting a “Madden NFL 19” tournament when a gamer at the competition walked in with two handguns and targeted other gamers, according to the Associated Press. The shooter died by suicide after. Those injured are expected to recover.

Student Government

SGA senators split into committees Student Government Association senators were divided into six committees Wednesday. Committees create the majority of legislation for SGA, said Kam Bontrager, president pro-tempore. Senators chose to be between governmental affairs and student awareness, community and environmental affairs, academic affairs, student safety, student services or diversity and multicultural affairs. ERIC PRITCHETT, DN

Brynn Mechem | News Editor Students can now pay for certain Village foods with just the swipe of their Ball State ID. Four businesses in The Village are now accepting Cardinal Cash: Hot Box Pizza, Jimmy John’s, Two Cats Café and Pita Pit. The businesses began accepting Cardinal Cash — an account Ball State students and faculty can deposit money into and access with their ID — as a part of President Geoffrey Mearns’ Better Together initiative. Ball State began contacting Village merchants July 1 to participate in the pilot program. Bernard Hannon,

vice president for business affairs and treasurer, said the university began this program because many other colleges across the nation have an arrangement like this with local merchants. While the program was open to all business in The Village, so far, only those four have responded. In order to accept Cardinal Cash, the businesses had to work with CBORD, a company Ball State hired to handle ID transactions. The initial set up cost each business $250. Additionally, businesses must pay an ongoing service fee of $30 per month.

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Commencement: A Cardinal rite of passage Ball State has held its commencement ceremony at the Arts Terrace of the David Owsley Museum of Art since 1940. This ceremony is for all students and their families. This event includes a speaker and recognizing honorary degree recipients. This year’s commencement will give graduates a “Commemorative Centennial Stole” for the centennial.





Ball State students commemorate Civil Rights through virtual museum Mary Freda Reporter In March 2018, Ball State University was the only Indiana institution to receive an Interior and National Park Service grant to preserve African American Civil Rights History. The $49,989 grant was awarded to the university to create a virtual museum about Hoosier Civil Rights History. “We want to help people around the nation be able to understand and access information about Indiana during the civil rights era, and events across time that have contributed to the state of


Continued from Page 03 Suzanne Flynn, owner of Hot Box Pizza, said this project is something she has been wanting to do for a while. In fact, when she and her husband Bryan opened their Muncie location in 2016, she reached out to the Ball State bursar to see if bursar money might be usable at her business. At the time, it wasn’t. But when she first received a letter in July telling her Ball State was starting a pilot program, she responded right away. “I was excited to get to do it,” Flynn said. “The program was so new that when I called them to get our stickers — because they said we would get a sticker for our window that says we accept Cardinal Cash — it didn’t come. So, I called and said, ‘We didn’t get them,’ and they said, ‘This program is so new that we don’t even have the stickers done yet.’” Now that the necessary technology is set up, Flynn said Cardinal Cash can be used to make deliveries if customers call instead of ordering online. She said this pilot program brings a variety of opportunities to both her business and students. “It opens us up to that entire market of kids who want Hot Box, but the majority of their money for food is through Cardinal Cash,” Flynn said. While Flynn said other Hot Box locations have programs like this, this is the only one she owns that does. She said she hopes other businesses in The Village will also start accepting the cash. “This is the best thing since sliced bread,” Flynn said. “I don’t know why anybody wouldn’t want to do it. I mean I think it’s awesome.” Once vendors begin the program, there is no limit on what they can sell, Hannon said. If the pilot program is successful, he said it might expand into downtown Muncie. Andrew Harp contributed to this story. Contact Brynn Mechem with comments at or on Twitter @ BrynnMechem.

civil rights today,” said history professor Ron Morris, who will oversee content for the museum. Morris, along with archaeologist Christine Thompson and Kevin Nolan, director of the Applied Anthropology Lab, will work with students to research, gauge community feedback and build an interactive website for the virtual museum. Though some grant recipients opted to construct or preserve brick-and-mortar locations, Morris said the team wanted to create a 24/7, web-accessible resource. The website will be populated with more than 100 sites of Civil Rights History across Indiana. Graduate assistants started the research in mid-August and will

feature student work from Morris’ spring 2018 and 2019 history practicums. “For now, we’re thinking about 100 sites. In the future, we expect it to grow, but let’s take care of the 100 first,” Morris said. “We’re looking at people, places and events, so our museum exhibits will be sort of clustered around those three ideas.” Morris said the museum will detail moments in Indiana Civil Rights history like Robert Kennedy’s visit to Muncie at the time of Martin Luther King Jr.’s death, Indiana’s history with segregation and the underground railroad. Community members from Indianapolis, Gary and Evansville, Indiana, will provide feedback on the exhibits before they go live on the website.

“There may be something that we’re focusing on that was easy for us to gather information and tell a story on, that that’s not what they want to be represented in the museum,” Nolan said. “So then we would take direction from those meetings to make sure that it’s going to be useful to — I mean those are our target audiences, if it’s not useful to the communities that had to deal with that struggle and still deal with the effects of that struggle, then it’s not a useful product.” The virtual museum will be interactive and allow viewers to take a tour through the museum based on location or theme. Nolan said the website should launch at the end of spring 2019. Contact Mary Freda with comments at or on Twitter @Mary_Freda1.

CAP students help reinvent Chicago stockyards Rohith Rao Reporter The Union Stockyards of Chicago, founded in 1865, may bear witness to a new story and Ball State may play a part in doing so. The students of the College of Architecture and Planning (CAP) are working on reinventing a new identity for the historic stockyards. During its prime in the early 20th century, the stockyards served as the center of the world’s meatpacking industry. “The stockyards were a sort of wonder of the world that fascinated tourists and was a major economic driver in Chicago for several decades,” said David Ferguson, the interim dean of CAP. “Chicago is there to the extent it is probably because of the stockyards.” As the industry modernized and spread out across the country, the place once aptly titled “The Hog Butcher of the World” in a poem by Carl Sandburg, lost its prevalence. In order to bring the stockyards back to their former glory, CAP students have teamed up with the international, award-winning architectural, engineering and planning firm, Smith Group. Michael Johnson, the co-director of urban design practice at the firm and a Ball State alumnus, said the stockyards deserve to become economically stable again. “Think about what Chicago would have been without the stockyards,” Johnson said. “It now deserves an equally progressive and forward thinking idea.” The partnership came after the firm was awarded the Emens Distinguished Professorship, something previously given to a single person through the university’s colleges on a yearly basis. The company, which now serves as a firm-inresidence, has three roles: take part in the college’s

lecture series and offer expertise, undertake joint research assignments with students and work on a studio project that involves professors and students across all of the college’s disciplines. “Studios are the heartbeat of what happens at this college,” Ferguson said. “Why not start a project that we both want to do across all of our disciplines and work together?” In February, a team of graduate students from CAP’s Indianapolis branch spent four days surveying the area in Chicago, meeting with the local stakeholders and beginning preliminary design research. While the meatpacking industry no longer exists to the extent that it did, the area still houses some innovative food-based companies. Two notable companies are Testa Produce, a food and beverage distribution company that is the first LEED Platinum certified refrigerated food distribution facility in the United States, and Plant Chicago, a sustainable food production facility that minimizes food waste by reusing it for other food production purposes all within the facility itself. “Students are really interested in emulating the processes of these companies on a larger scale to help rejuvenate the entire district,” Ferguson said. While CAP’s partnership with Smith Group is pro-bono, their involvement in the project has drawn new attention to the area. “When we mention that Ball State University is working on the project, the interest goes way up,” Ferguson said. “We want to shine a spotlight and generate a renewed interest in the holistic development of this part of Chicago that is highly underutilized.” Ferguson said the students are taking into account the history of the site as well as the opportunities presented by the existing greenways, waterways and railway lines. “We don’t want to jump to conclusions about

what the final project will look like,” Ferguson said. “By the end of the semester, we’ll have a clearer idea of what direction makes the best sense.” Justin Ferguson, the assistant dean for CAP: Indy Programs said this is a hands-on, real world project that the students can be a part of, and not just something confined to the classroom. “You can’t just design it on a piece of paper and not take into account the neighborhood, the people who live there and the different sociocultural and political contexts,” Justin Ferguson said. Johnson said he hopes the students gain an appreciation for the complex challenges that come with real-world projects in the urban environments of post-industrial cities. “The education I received at Ball State is near and dear to my heart, and I wouldn’t be anywhere close to where I am now without the kind of formative thinking that I received while I was at the university,” he said. “Merging the lines between academia and professional work is paramount to my goals and I look forward to sharing my experience with the students.” Contact Rohith Rao with comments at or on Twitter @RaoReports.

College of Architecture and Planning students helped redesign the stockyards in downtown Chicago. DAVID FERGUSON, PHOTO PROVIDED









From the White House to Ball State 93-year-old political science professor looks back at his five decade history with Ball State. Ayah Eid Reporter Books upon books of knowledge accumulated over the last 50 years lay precariously around professor Teh-Kuang Chang’s office. The 93-year-old professor of political science has garnered experience and knowledge in his last five decades at Ball State. What was once a private college for prospective teachers, is now a public university that offers 190 majors and 130 minors. Chang, who is one of the original members of the political science department, has not only seen the university change, he played a role in it, too.

Acts of Diplomacy While Chang was born in China, he came to the United States for college. After his graduation, he put his bachelor and masters degrees in political science and his PhD in international relations to use. “I want to devote myself to the people for a world of peace and human harmony,” Chang said. In 1979 Chang advised former Indiana Gov.

Reagan, who referred to the Soviet Union as an “evil empire,” increased defense spending, which brought about an arms race with the Soviet Union as they both attempted to build a stronger military than the other. In 1985, Reagan invited scholars to the White House to devise a plan to ease tensions with the Soviet Union. Chang was one of those scholars. “In 1985, Ronald Reagan wanted me to talk to him about the Soviet Union. He wanted advice from all the scholars,” Chang said. Although many of the scholars criticized the president, using a speech he made comparing the U.S. to Star Wars to discredit him and his efforts, Chang devised a plan for Reagan to use. “Many criticized him [and] said to him, ‘You are no good because you [believe in] Star Wars. He’s a joke from a movie.’ I supported him,” Chang said. “I said, ‘You help the nation. Create an idea to beat the Soviet Union not by war but by your strategy.” Chang, who advocates for peaceful tactics and diplomacy, argued that by creating a better relationship with the Soviets, tensions would lessen. “As long as a human being treats another like a human being [and] not an animal [then there is] no problem,” Chang said.

Ball State beginnings As long as a human being treats another like a human being [and] not an animal [then there is] no problem.” - TEH-KUANG CHANG, Professor of political science Otis Bowen to strengthen relations with Taiwan. Because of this, Indiana and Taiwan began a sisterstate relationship, which led to the U.S. support of the province and the importation of Indiana’s soybeans to Taiwan. “[In] Ohio, Illinois, the price [of soybeans] is much cheaper than Indiana but Taiwan people buy from Ohio or Illinois? No, they buy from Indiana,” Chang said. “Why would they buy the more expensive? You sell something to stranger or you sell something to a sister? You buy somewhere else and you don’t buy from your sister? No, Indiana is [Taiwan’s] sister.” But Chang’s advising, didn’t stop on the state level.

Advising Regan While Ronald Reagan was president, the Cold War, which ran from 1947 to 1999, was ongoing. During this time, the U.S. and the Soviet Union worked against each other to prevent the expansion of each other’s economic ideologies.

Chang began his Ball State career in 1966. Since then, he has abolished policies and initiated programs such as the International Studies, Latin American Studies, African Studies and Asian Studies programs. “Before it was the Teachers College. I’m the founding professor of political science. Before they don’t offer political science. Before, all the courses were led by me. We [now] have all the courses. Before we didn’t,” Chang said. In addition to adding more political science classes, Chang also helped bring in a more diverse staff. Ball State once had a policy in place that prevented non-citizen professors from getting tenure. After talking to President John Emens, Chang received news that the policy had been abolished and that he was now a tenured professor. “[I said], ‘Foreigners are definitely good ones,” Chang said. “No matter how good he [is], you can’t hire [him]? I don’t know how I am good or not but Einstein, he’s a scientist, [but] it’s impossible [for him to work] at Ball State. He’s from Germany.” Though he has 53 years at the university under his belt, Chang does not plan on retiring. He will continue to teach his political science courses: American Foreign Policy, International Relations and Asian and Pacific Studies. “This is my payback. I have one more minute to sleep or one more minute to devise,” Chang said. “I can use my energy any minute to help mankind.” Contact Ayah Eid with comments at

Teh-Kuang Chang is a political science professor at Ball State. Chang is the oldest professor at the university, having been teaching for 53 years. MICHAELA KELLEY, DN




Diversity, inclusivity and multiculturalism Brynn Mechem and Mary Freda News Editor and Reporter

descent to become a member. Membership and programming is free to everyone.

Ball State’s Asian American Student Association, Black Student Association, Latinx Student Union and Spectrum have come to be known as the Big 4 multicultural organizations. The groups were formerly located in the Multicultural Center but are now centered in the Office of Student Life. They host a variety of events throughout the year, separately and together to help educate students on different cultures and customs. Here is a quick look at the Big 4 organizations:

Black Student Association (BSA)

Asian American Student Association (AASA) The organization became official March 26, 1991. Asian American Student Association, formerly known as Asian Student Association, is a group of students whose purpose is to provide cultural and educational programming about Asian American history, culture and interests, according to its Benny Link profile. Its primary goal is to “provide cultural pride and facilitate the development of campus environment conducive to cultural appreciation.” The organization does this through programming including education speakers, comedy shows and cultural games. Members do not have to be Asian or of Asian

Ball State’s Black Student Association was officially recognized as an organization May 22, 1969. The organization, formerly known as Black Student Union, aims to develop close cooperation among black students and other campus organizations, according to its Benny Link profile. The organization does work to promote its mission to “aide in the growth and development of Ball State collegiate students through a series of culturally, socially, and academically focused discussions and programs from a unique AfricanAmerican perspective.” In order to achieve this mission, BSA hosts various events throughout the year where students can grow through community service, campus involvement and professional development. These events also help the group “develop and promote unity within the minority community and intensify the Black voice,” at Ball State, according to its Benny Link. Members do not have to be African American or of African descent to join as the club is open to everyone.

Latinx Student Union (LSU) Before it officially became recognized as a student organization on May 1, 1987, Latinx Student Union (LSU) was an interest group called Hispanic Student Association.

Latinxpalooza, Immigrants’ Workshop, Food for Thought, Unity Week and United States Hispanic Leadership Conference (USHLI).


The Latinx Student Union host the first BSUCARES day Oct. 24, 2015 at the Scramble Light. Flowers, hugs, buttons and cards were distributed. ALLIE KIRKMAN, DN Originally, the group’s goal was to establish the North American Hispanic Association. Later, the group became known as La Allianza De Estudiantes Lationos (The Alliance of Latino Students, LADEL). In 1999, LADEL became the Latino Student Union and in November 2016 the organization voted to change its name to Latinx Student Union to be more inclusive. Today, LSU works to “promote the identity and unity of Latinx students at Ball State University through intellectual, cultural, and social growth,” according to its Benny Link. Members of LSU don’t have to be Latinx and can participate in the organization’s various events throughout the year, including Fiesta on the Green,

A couple of years before the Stonewall Riots, college students started LGBTQ organizations on campus. In 1974, Spectrum started as the Ball State Gay Alliance, according to the Ball State Digital Media Repository. The organization was on and off throughout the years, but in the 1990s, the group became a staple to campus culture. Then known as the Lesbian, Bisexual, and Gay Student Association (LBGSA), the organization strived to become a safe place for members of the LGBTQ community. In a 1993 edition of The Ball State Daily News, then-LBGSA president announced SAFE ON-Campus — an initiative to make a safe LGBTQ community at Ball State. Today, Spectrum works in collaboration with Safezone, which is a network at the university that believes everyone has an equal opportunity. The organization’s motto — “just because you’re here doesn’t mean you’re queer” — invites everyone to join, regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity. Contact Brynn Mechem with comments at or on Twitter @BrynnMechem. Contact Mary Freda with comments at or on Twitter @Mary_Freda1.

Greek Life: Tradition, community and philanthropy Brooke Kemp Managing Editor Ball State Greek Life is made up of 31 chapters of students of all ages, backgrounds and majors. By upholding a set of guidelines and tradition, Greek Life is “a community that fosters academic growth, philanthropic dedication, leadership skills, ethical behavior and lifelong relationships,” according to Ball State’s website. In the spring of 2018, there were more than 2,100 students involved in fraternities or sororities, making up 15 percent of Ball State’s student population. For 21 consecutive years, students involved in Greek Life have maintained a higher GPA than the All-Ball State average, and in 2017 they raised over $300,000 as part of their philanthropic events. Greek Life has been on campus since Ball State was called the Indiana Normal School. In 1907, however, President Francis Ingler disbanded all fraternities because Phi Sigma Theta had a cow roaming throughout its fraternity house, according to Ball State’s website.

In order to reestablish a fraternity-like organization on campus, the Navajo Social Club was established without specifically using the title “fraternity” in 1920. It wasn’t until 1934 that the group applied to become an incorporated fraternity. It became a chapter of Lambda Chi Alpha Jan. 28, 1951. The Girls Club, which invited all girls to participate, was started in 1919 and acted as the governing body for sororities during the ‘20s and ‘30s. Ball State recognizes 1919 as the founding year of the Greek community at Ball State. It wasn’t until the next year the Alpha sorority, Ball State’s first official sorority, was established. It later became a chapter of Alpha Chi Omega. On Dec. 12, 1963, Sigma Alpha Sigma became a chapter of Alpha Sigma Alpha, making it Ball State’s first women’s organization to be affiliated with a national organization. In 1946, the first African-American sorority, Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority, Inc., was established and in 1953 the first African-American fraternity,

Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Inc., was established. The organizations have developed throughout history and had different incidents of disbanding, pausing or becoming inactive and then resuming or reestablishing themselves. A few of those instances include inactivity during World War II due to low enrollment and in 2017 when the 13 Interfraternity Council fraternities were put on a “social pause.” However, the organizations’ traditions and standards remain. Each Greek Life organization participates in philanthropy throughout the year, including events such as War of the Roses and Dance Marathon, and hosts a series of recruitment efforts to continue growth in the community. Being part of the Greek community at Ball State leads to “a bond that transcends your time at Ball State and will always be with you wherever your career after college may take you,” according to Ball State’s website. Contact Brooke Kemp with comments at or on Twitter @brookemkemp.

Students interact with organizations at Meet the Greeks Thursday, Aug. 23, 2018, on the University Green. Recruitment for sororities begin Saturday, Sept. 8, 2018. MADELINE GROSH, DN




1918: What happened during Ball State’s birth year Andrew Harp Assistant News Editor While 1918 may have been the year of the founding of one of Indiana’s largest universities, it was also the year of flu outbreaks, train wrecks and war.

Spanish Influenza The United States was fighting in Europe and the Ball Brothers were putting together their school in Muncie while people within the country and the world were dealing with one of the worst influenza epidemics of all time. This outbreak led to the deaths of at least 50 million people around the world and killing at least 675,000 people in the United States, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention. The strand of influenza was unusual because instead of killing those of old age, young age and weak immune systems, the disease seemed to kill young, healthy adult men between 20 and 40 years of age. This was because the flu spread throughout military bases. Indiana was no exception to this plague. In a report by the Indianapolis Star in November 1918, 3,266 Indiana residents died from the influenza. At Fort Benjamin Harrison, it was reported 3,116 cases of influenza and 521 cases of pneumonia were treated at the fort. Fort Benjamin, which was once a training site, became a hospital in 1918 for wounded soldiers. However, Fort Harrison and other training posts near Indianapolis started having reports of soldiers becoming ill. Because little was known about the influenza, as it spread across training camps full of young men, it soon made its way into civilian areas as well. Early reports regarding alarming amounts of those infected with the influenza were made to sound as if the problem was nonexistent or not nearly as bad as most would believe in order to retain morale for the war. This included the “Indianapolis News” and medical officers making early reports that said there was no epidemic. By October of that year, around 650 sick men were reported in Fort Benjamin Harrison, which was low on nurses. As the numbers of sick men grew, Fort Harrison transformed the hospital that previously carried a few hundred into one that could carry more than 1,000. According to the University of Michigan Center for the History of Medicine, Indianapolis’ death rate among those with influenza was low compared to other areas around the world. This attributed to officials working together to get the word out and mobilize effectively. Bruce Geelhoed, professor of history and co-author of “Ball State University: An Interpretive History,” said the Spanish flu did not end up affecting the school as much as other areas of the country and world. “There’s an outbreak of Spanish flu all over, but apparently through good nutrition and good hygiene, what was then the eastern division, part of Indiana

State at the time, doesn’t suffer,” Geelhoed said. In the summer of 1918, during the creation of the eastern division of the Indiana State Normal School, a unit for the Student Army Training Corps (SATC) was added to the school. It eventually contained 124 men. Geelhoed said Geneva Nugent, a dietitian and a member of the home economics faculty, was the unsung hero by making food for the sick men, and with the help of the healthy men, delivered the food to them. This helped the sick within the SATC unit recover.

Train wreck In the early morning of June 22, 1918, near Hammond, Indiana, two trains collided with each other in one of the worst train wrecks in U.S. history. This would be known as the Hammond Circus Train Wreck. Train conductor Alonzo Sargent fell asleep operating a train on the Michigan Central Railroad with 21 empty cars, following a slower train carrying performers of the Hagenbeck-Wallace circus, amounting to hundreds of circus workers and performers across 25 train cars. While the circus train was at an emergency stop, Sargent missed warnings and signals telling the train to stop, and ended up plowing into the caboose at around 25 m.p.h., killing people almost instantly and creating a fire. The crash resulted in the death of 86 people and 127 injuries, according to the book “The Great Circus Train Wreck of 1918: Tragedy on the Indiana Lakeshore” by Richard M. Lytle. Sargent was charged for what he did, but after prosecutors failed to issue a retrial after a mistrial, the charges were dropped in 1920. It was the same year as the Great Train Wreck of 1918 which happened in July in Nashville, Tennessee. Two passenger trains collided head-on resulting in the deaths of 101 people and 171 injuries, the worst train accident in United States history.

World War I The Ball Brothers bought the Indiana Normal Institute three months after the United States declared war on Germany, effectively joining World War 1. WWI lasted four years: July 1914 to November 1918. However, the United State were only in the war from April 1917 to when the battles ended in 1918, and officially ended after the Paris Peace Conference of 1919. The war kick-started when Gavrilo Princip assassinated the Austro-Hungarian heir Archduke Franz Ferdinand after a long list of surmounting pressure in Europe including alliances, treaties, rivalries and diplomatic crises. Due to even more unresolved treaties, deals and alliances, this would eventually lead to World War II, which would have a more prevalent U.S. involvement after the bombing of Pearl Harbor.

4See 1918, 31




Charlie Cardinal’s transformation from simple mascot to famous bird Tier Morrow Features Editor “If people asked me what the personality of Charlie was, I told them that he is Ball State’s No. 1 fan,” said Mitch Prather. “That’s what I told myself when I was playing the bird.” For nearly 50 years, Charlie Cardinal has worked to earn the title of “Ball State’s No. 1” by attending sporting events and interacting with students, alumni and community members. Each year, the athletics department and previous Charlies host tryouts for the next generation, but “once a Charlie, always a Charlie,” said Prather, who served as the mascot from 2013-17. “While you’re an active Charlie, it’s important to keep your identity a secret because Charlie represents the whole university,” Prather said. “Obviously there is a person under the suit, but a lot of fans forget that, and they start to see Charlie as his own person. When you’re in the suit, it’s no longer about you.” Charlie Cardinal was first introduced as Ball State’s mascot in 1969, replacing the original Hoosierion mascot. In the fall of that year, athletics held the first tryouts for Charlie Cardinal, who was then just a papier-mâché headpiece without a bodysuit. Since then, Charlie’s appearance has changed five times. As Charlie’s appearance has changed, so have the students within. Since 1969, hundreds of students have undertaken the challenge of hyping up fans. “In the four years I have been here, we have had six to 10 students each year who portray Charlie Cardinal,” said Shawn Sullivan, associate athletic director of marketing and fan engagement for Ball State. “When you do the math, it adds up to hundreds of students in the 49 years. We don’t have a definite number of students, but there is a great number who have already graduated, and there are always more at tryouts.”

1994: Jason Fragomeni, Charlie from 1994-99, is one of those students who worked to positively represent Ball State. “Being Charlie was probably the most exciting part of being a student,” Fragomeni said. “I got to represent the entire university, in a manner of speaking.” Fragomeni was one of three Charlies chosen in 1994, and also a part of one group who got to attend a mascot camp in Johnson City, Tennessee, where they learned how to “over-exaggerate” all of their movements. The camp also helped Fragomeni perfect his “Charlie strut.” During the next six years as Charlie, Fragomeni estimated that he participated in more than 40 events each semester, including an away game at Miami University, Ohio, where someone stole Charlie’s head.

During half time of the football game, Fragomeni went to the restricted locker rooms with the team to cool off. “The bathroom was tiny, so I had to leave my head outside in the hallway, but when I came back out, it was gone,” Fragomeni said. “I freaked out. I had no idea what to do. I went to the nearest police officer I could find, and he got on the radio to the other patrol men on duty for the game. Eventually, they found my head in the stands amongst the fans.” Fragomeni added that away games were the hardest part about being Charlie because they could

The friendships and experiences that I had as Charlie were absolutely priceless, including the interactions I had with kids.” - JASON FRAGOMENI, Charlie, 1994-99 Charlie Cardinal entertains the fans at the Coleman Coliseum in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, as men’s basketball took on Boston College in the 1981 NCAA Men’s Basketball Tournament First Round March 13, 1981. The Cardinals would fall to the Golden Eagles, 93-90. DIGITAL MEDIA

be very hostile. He said he never knew how fans would react to him, adding that opposing teams even threw liquor bottles at him multiple times. But, he wouldn’t trade the role for anything. “The friendships and experiences that I had as Charlie were absolutely priceless, including the interactions I had with kids,” Fragomeni said. “It’s crazy to think about how the kids I was interacting with 24 years ago are now grown-up. It’s awesome to think that I knew them as young fans, and now they are off being adults.”

2013: Like Fragomeni, Mitch Prather also found challenges with being Charlie, including the heat and pressure that came with some games. “It’s really hard to describe what being Charlie was like,” Prather said. “Sometimes it was a lot of responsibility because Charlie represents all of Ball State, and when people think of the university, they usually picture Charlie. “But, it was also cool because when I put on the head, I could be whoever I wanted to be. I got to really embrace every atmosphere I was put in.” During his four-year term, Prather said he really tried to learn from previous Charlies about new ways to interact with the fans. Overall, he said he did more than enough high fives and fist bumps. “It’s the little moments that you really connect with a kid, a fan or another student,” Prather said. “Those are the best moments; although, I did attend a wedding one year, which was my weirdest request.”


2015: For Andrew Johnson, the strangest occurrence during his time as Charlie from 2015-17 was when an intoxicated fan tried to define whether he was male or female by grabbing his chest. But, like Prather, Johnson said his favorite moments were the small memories made with fans, especially when parents would bring their kids up to him and say, “Charlie, [we] have been waiting to see you all night.” “I think if people ever knew who was under the suit, it would take the fun out of being a fan,” Johnson said. “There is fun in the guessing game.

“I would say that the number one question I was asked was, ‘Do I know you?’ Ultimately, Charlie is his own bird, and we are just translating.” Johnson also added that Charlie is a ladies’ man, and his favorite move was always to lick his palm and smooth his hair because he had to make sure he looked good. “Within reason, Charlie always found that it was better to beg for forgiveness than to ask permission when it came to joking with fans and being silly,” Johnson said. “You can only be Charlie Cardinal once, so you have to enjoy it while you can.” Contact Tier Morrow with comments at or on Twitter @TierMorrow.


Allie Kirkman Editor-in-chief



“The Pride”: Marching for nearly 60 years

The Pride of Mid-America’s history is long and dynamic, with the marching band’s roots tracing back to Ball State’s fourth director of bands. In 1945, President John R. Emens selected Robert Hargreaves to serve as the director of bands, a position he held for one year. Emens believed Hargreaves could “guide the destiny of music at Ball State Teachers College,” according to Ball State’s School of Music. Hargreaves, who Ball State’s music building is named after, was the director of the School of Music from 1945 until he retired in 1981. In 1950, Hargreaves appointed Herbert Fred, a nationally recognized composer and arranger to serve as the director of bands. According to Ball State’s School of Music, Fred’s marching bands were one of the first in the country to perform drill patterns, a concept originally established for an all-male group. It quickly evolved to include women. Over the next seven years, the band program continued to progress, leading up to the arrival of Iowa native Earl Dunn. Dunn, who Hargreaves selected to become the sixth director of bands in 1957, held the position for 12 years.

A member of The Pride of MidAmerican marching band performs at Ball State’s game against Central Connecticut State Thursday, Aug. 31, 2018 at Scheumann Stadium. Ball State won 42-6. JACOB HABERSTROH, DN

Under Dunn’s leadership, Ball State’s marching band was named “The Pride of Mid-America” and by the mid-1960’s the group had nearly tripled, going from 66 to 190 members, according to Ball State’s School of Music. During that time, the marching band “established a reputation for playing ‘Big Band’ styled arrangements,” which included the addition of a flag corps that performed alongside the band in halftime shows. Dunn directed multiple performances that made school history, including the 1967 NFL Western Conference Championship Game.

“The Pride” became the first university band in the state to use “contemporary curvilinear forms to emphasize and portray the band’s music on the field” in 1984 under the leadership of Joseph Scagnoli, according to Ball State’s School of Music. Scagnoli, the ninth director of bands, served as “The Pride” director for 15 years. Since 1998, “The Pride” has been led by five different directors, participated in dozens of substantial events and continues to grow in membership. Today, the marching band is made up of more than 200 students performers, composed of the woodwind

and brass sections, drumline and color guard. “A college marching band has a tremendous role to play in the life of the campus, especially at football games. It is the one organization on campus that can bind all generations of our BSU community, students, staff, faculty, alumni and community members, together in spirit,” Shawn Vondran, 2010-14 assistant director of bands, said in a 2011 Daily News interview. “Whether it’s singing the National Anthem, clapping along with the Fight Song, or putting an arm around a friend for the playing of the Alma Mater, the marching band gives everyone the opportunity to participate in the life of the university and have a greater connection to it.” “The Pride” continues to unite Cardinals together through its high-energy performances, under the direction of Caroline Hand, who joined Ball State in 2015. In addition to the Pride of Mid-America Marching Band, the Ball State band program includes the Wind Ensemble, Symphony Band, Concert Band, Campus Band, Ceremonial Band, Basketball Band and other athletic pep bands. Membership is open to all students, regardless of musical ability level or major field of study. Contact Allie Kirkman with comments at or on Twitter @alliekirkman15.

BALL STATE’S 17 PRESIDENTS William Parsons 1st president, 1918-21 • Before The Eastern Division of the Indiana State Normal school was created, William Parsons studied and worked at the Terre Haute branch of the school. Parsons spent a total of 47 years at Terre Haute before coming to Muncie as the first university president. • “No other citizen in Indiana has done more than he in changing teaching from a temporary calling to a profession,” Benjamin Burris, Ball State’s third president said of Parsons. • Parsons retired from presidency in 1921 and died in 1925.

Linnaeus Hines 2nd president, 1921-24 • Hines taught high school mathematics in Indianapolis before serving as a member of the Board of Trustees and the state superintendent of public instruction. • During Hines’ tenure from 1919 to 1922, enrollment increased from 180 students to 522. • Indiana State Normal School changed its name to Ball Teachers College in honor of the Ball family.

Benjamin Burris 3rd president, 1924-27 • Burris was only 42 when he became president in 1924. • Burris set two goals he hoped to accomplish during his presidency including “achieving the highest accreditation of the college and building a laboratory school for teacher training.” • His time as president was cut short in 1927 when he died unexpectedly.

Lemuel Pittenger 4th president, 1927-42 • Lemuel Arthur “L.A.” Pittenger was born in Delaware County and went to Indiana State University. • He taught English at Muncie High School, was a faculty member at the Indiana normal school, taught at Bloomington High School and became head of the English department at Kent State Normal School before coming to Ball State. • It was under his leadership in 1929 that the Indiana General Assembly separated Ball Teachers College from the Indiana State Normal School, renaming the university Ball State Teachers College.





Serving through education, training and law enforcement Brooke Kemp Managing Editor The official University Police Department (UPD) wasn’t started until the 1960s, but there has always been a group tasked with watching over Ball State. When the university was known as Indiana Normal School, a group of unarmed security guards were hired to check and lock buildings around campus and were typically paid 70 cents an hour, according to Ball State’s website. The Assistant Dean of Students would call the Heat Plant — which was the main hub for traffic through campus — when a watchman was needed. A worker at the plant would then turn on a red light in a specific window of the plant to alert the watchmen. The department’s first director of traffic safety and security, Thomas Osborn, was hired by thenpresident John Emens March 12, 1957. In 1958, the department had grown so much it was moved into a new building with a chief’s office, kitchen, bathroom and radio/office room, where the first police radio was installed to replace the red light system. While most officers were assigned to foot patrol during that time, the department had a threewheeled motor scooter, which was primarily used by the officer in charge of fire safety, extinguisher checks and other campus safety issues, Edwin Ritchey, according to Ball State’s website. After Ball State Teachers College became Ball

Winfred Wagoner 5th president, 1943-45 • Wagoner took over when Lemuel A. Pittenger resigned in December 1942. His initial presidency was only supposed to last six months . • World War II was reaching its end while Wagoner held the presidency, which lead to a number of changes at Ball State, including enrollment numbers. • After his presidency, Wagoner remained on staff at Ball State, returning to his previous position of controller where he managed all business affairs at the university.

State University, however, the department was able to get two vehicles. Eventually, Chief Osborn started the first stage of an ambulance service — a station wagon with an ambulance cot and first aid equipment — in the university community due to the department’s increased transportation of people to the health center and hospital, according to Ball State’s website. While the Ball Health Center received 90 percent of calls, the officers received the other 10 percent and eventually a full ambulance service was introduced. This service was discontinued upon the founding of Delaware County EMS. As enrollment at Ball State increased, so did the police force. However, the department’s transition into what it is today didn’t begin until the Indiana legislature passed a statute in July 1971 allowing colleges and universities to create fullyfunctioning police departments due to civil unrest and war protests. During Bob Reed’s time as police chief, two horses were purchased to serve on the new horse patrol. The horses were later retired, but they weren’t the last animals the department owned. In the 1990s the first police dogs were purchased and trained for drug detection and patrol use. It was Gene Burton, who became the department’s fourth chief in 2002, that led the department to be the first accredited college police department in Indiana.

John Emens 6th president, 1945-68 • Under Emens’ leadership, the number of students attending Ball State reached 13,000. • By September 1965, Ball State had grown to include 29 departments and divisions in five colleges, including the College of Architecture and Planning and the Department of Nursing. • While Emens died in 1976, a group of his friends and alumni founded a scholarship in his honor, which was first awarded to five students in 1977.

University Police Dispatcher Karen Jamagin field calls Feb. 14, 2002, at the Sheriff’s Department in Muncie, IN. Jamagin monitors three radio channels during the shift. DIGITAL MEDIA REPOSITORY

Currently the department is one of two Indiana international accredited campus law enforcement agencies and on Nov. 5, 2016, the Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Inc. (CALEA) recognized Ball State’s police force for the fourth time, according to Ball State’s website.

John Pruis 7th president, 1968-78 • Under his leadership, many building projects were completed including Bracken Library, the College of Architecture and Planning and Cooper Science Complex. • Pruis oversaw the improvement of graduate assistant and doctoral fellow programs and established special programs and foreign language houses, the Whitinger Scholars program, the John R. Emens Scholars, the Martin Luther King Jr. scholarships and undergraduate research grants. • The Ball State University Annual Fund increased from $170,000 to approximately $1.8 million.

It wasn’t until March 2007 that the department moved into its current location at 200 N. McKinley Ave. Inside the current building is a dispatch center, video surveillance systems, training rooms and to aid officers. There also is a display case with holsters, hats, sheathes and other items that were donated by past police officers and used by the department itself. In a previous Daily News article, Capt. Rhonda Clark said the case was designed “to show where law enforcement comes from and where it is now.” Today, UPD serves the Ball State community through normal policing, educational presentations on active shooter situations and how to protect oneself from domestic violence and rape, a motorist assist program and a residence security survey. The department also hosts a bike registration program, Dunk-A-Cop and lunch with UPD. Officers are trained to protect the university and its surrounding areas in several ways. During an episode of The Weekly, a Daily News podcast series, Jim Duckham, current police chief and director of public safety, and Lt. David Bell said members of UPD are trained to de-escalate situations, find alternatives for uses of force, know the university’s tunnel system and understand community policing efforts. Contact Brooke Kemp with comments at or on Twitter @brookemkemp.

Richard Burkhardt 8th president, 1978-79 • When Ball State became a university in 1965, he was appointed vice president for instructional affairs and dean of faculties, a position he held for nearly 20 years. • Burkhardt served as acting president for just one year from 1978-79 while the university tried to find a replacement for Pruis, finally deciding on Jerry Anderson in 1979. • After serving as president, Burkhardt returned to the history department as a distinguished service professor and taught courses until his retirement in 1985.

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Immersive learning impacts Ball State, Muncie Liz Rieth Reporter When Joe Trimmer wrote the proposal in 1999 that would change Ball State’s curriculum, he didn’t want to present it. Trimmer, who had been a English professor at Ball State for 30 years, just wanted to write it. Then-president John E. Worthen asked Trimmer to write a proposal for a new way of learning at Ball State. “This assignment, was a writing assignment I thought,” Trimmer said, but explained Worthen wanted him to present it. “I said, ‘I will come and explain what I have written, but when you guys start talking money, I will leave.’” When Trimmer presented the proposal to potential funder Virginia Ball, he didn’t expect what came next. Trimmer proposed Virginia Ball Center for Creative Inquiry (VBC), a program which offered courses where students immersed themselves in projects. Ball wanted to fully fund the idea, but she would only support it if Trimmer ran it. “At the time … I just finished building the office of dreams at home … and I planned my retirement out,” Trimmer said. “[I thought] Uh-oh, there goes my solitary writing life because I’m going to be an administrator.” Trimmer then started the program which later led to the creation of immersive learning.

A new way to educate Immersive learning courses, which Ball State’s

Ball State students volunteer Tuesday, Aug. 14, 2018, at Second Harvest Food Bank in Muncie, IN. SECOND HARVEST FOOD BANK, PHOTO PROVIDED

website calls the “hallmark of Ball State education,” allow students to engage in project-based courses. The courses “immerse” students in experiences where they collaborate with a faculty member and a community partner, Trimmer said. This innovative way of learning has its roots with Virginia Ball. Ball, a philanthropist, wanted to give her money directly to Ball State students and not concrete buildings. She wanted a new way of learning and Trimmer, a friend of Ball’s, was tasked with creating it.

After gaining approval, the first courses were offered fall 2000. Timmer said he wanted the VBC to offer highly funded courses and give students and faculty a chance to focus solely on one project for a semester. The classes were intended to be completely different than any other courses Ball State offered. The class still gave students credit, but it threw them head first into a project where they took charge. One of the first immersive courses, called The

Making of Americans, gave students a chance to present in Paris. About 15 students researched French artists that impacted modern art with associate professor of English Rai Peterson. The students took an all-expense-paid trip to France to present their findings and see the artists’ works in person. While there, the students also bought a $7,000 cabinet for the David Owsley Museum of Art. Peterson said students were often working from morning until midnight five days a week to prepare for the trip. The course allowed the students to be creative and gain an unique experience, she said. “Ball State stands out among state universities,” Peterson said. “Immersive learning is powerful.” Peterson said the course was great for her students, but she was only able to work with a few. While VBC courses have earned eight Emmy’s, only around 60 students a year could be involved in VBC courses. This small number was one of the reasons Ball State’s curriculum was changed again a few years later.

Building immersive learning President Jo Ann Gora became interested in VBC soon after she came to Ball State’s campus in 2004, said Jen Blackmer, associate provost for immersive learning. Gora supported the concept, but wanted more students involved. So, In 2007, she launched the Education Redefined plan and created the immersive learning program.

BALL STATE’S 17 PRESIDENTS Jerry Anderson 9th president, 1979-81 • Jerry Anderson was 45 when he became president. • During his time as president, Anderson adopted and implement a university-wide planning process, established a compensation program and promoted faculty research and scholarship. • Anderson resigned in February 1981 after serving just 18 months as president.

Robert Bell 10th president, 1981-84 • Bell was the first Ball State graduate to become the university’s president. • When Bell first joined the university as a faculty member in 1974, he was an assistant professor in the business department. • During his time as president, Bell began initiatives involving computer literacy, applying technology to programs throughout the university and “computerization for [the] campus.”

John Worthen 11th president, 1984-2000 • In his 16 years as president, there was a recordsetting amount of assets added to the University Foundation. The Wings of the Future campaign raised $44 million and created 14 distinguished professorships. • The Edmund F. Ball Building, Alumni Center and the Health, Physical Activity and Arena Complex — now named Worthen Arena — were added to campus. • Under his leadership, the university switched from quarters to semesters in order to give teachers more time with the students.

Blaine Brownell 12th president, 2000-04 • During his presidency, Brownell expanded Ball State’s international programs to enhance global partnerships and appointed a vice president to oversee technology. • The university launched its “Building Better Communities” campaign, which highlighted the various ways Ball State could partner with local government to promote growth and development. • In addition to president, Brownell was a professor of history and urban planning at the university.


for nearly 20 years Gora wanted every student and department on campus involved in courses where they learned from an intensely-focused exploration and collaboration. She also wanted the courses to be fewer credit hours and work with the Muncie community, Blackmer said. “The idea is that you have your subject that you’re exploring and you just throw the students into the deep end,” Blackmer said. “They learn the fundamentals by working on this intensive project.” Since then, the program has expanded to nearly every department on campus and in the 2017-18 school year, Ball State had 334 immersive learning projects, Blackmer said. This way of learning benefits students, Blackmer said. It teaches them to be problem solvers, critical thinkers and creative — plus it looks good on a resume. Today, students have worked on immersive learning projects that have created neighborhood action plans, documentaries, community education programs and solar panel designs, to name a few. Often, Muncie nonprofits have vital work done by immersive learning projects, Blackmer said. The nonprofit Second Harvest Food Bank would be “several steps back” in its ability to give if it weren’t for immersive learning, said President Tim Kean. The nonprofit, which works to fight food insecurity in eight surrounding counties, has been influenced by a multitude of immersive learning projects over the last decade, Kean said. The projects have saved the organization time and money. One project for the company conducted a

Beverley Pitts 13th president, 2004 • Beverley J. Pitts was the first female to serve as interim president to the university. She served from January to August before being relieved by the first female president of an Indiana public institution Jo Ann M. Gora. • Pitts has a doctorate in higher education with a concentration in communications, a master’s degree in journalism and a bachelor’s degree in English. • While at Ball State, Pitts also worked as a professor of journalism and as a director of graduate studies in the Department of Journalism.




Fundraising, families and friendships Brynn Mechem News Editor

Kate Elliott volunteers as part of an immersive learning course Thursday, Feb. 1, 2018, at Second Harvest Food Bank. SECOND HARVEST FOOD BANK, PHOTO PROVIDED hunger study over three semesters. The study used to be done every few years by a national nonprofit, Kean said. When it was no longer conducted by the nonprofit, Ball State’s immersive learning program stepped up fall 2017. “It yields us with some data we will be able to utilize in years to come,” Kean said. The data, he said, will go toward attaining future grants. A previous immersive learning course produced eight maps that showed food insecurity for each county the organization serves. “They did real life stuff that has mattered to communities,” Kean said. “I don’t have enough good things to say about [immersive learning].” Contact Liz Rieth with comments at or on Twitter @liz_rieth.

Jo Ann Gora 14th president, 2004-14 • Jo Ann Gora was the first female president of an Indiana public institution. • In 2005 she was awarded the Sagamore of the Wabash, which is Indiana’s highest civil honor. It is given to those who have contributed to Hoosier heritage. • She launched the school’s national marketing campaigns Education Redefined and Education Redefined 2.0. Gora also oversaw two capital campaigns, the Bold campaign, which raised $210 million, and an athletic campaign that raised $20 million.

Originally founded in 2003 by Phi Mu and Sigma Alpha Epsilon, Dance Marathon is a philanthropic event in support of Riley Hospital for Children. Held annually in the Field Sports Building, Dance Marathon asks participants to stand up for 13.1 hours. Participants can join in various activities such as dancing, yoga, kickball and testimonials — called Riley Stories — from cancer patients and families throughout the event. Volunteers raise funds in a variety of ways from getting bids to remain standing for the entire marathon, to holding a can outside businesses to writing letters. Since 2003, Ball State University Dance Marathon (BSUDM) has raised more than $1.2 million for Riley Hospital. In 2008, the chapters decided to make Dance Marathon an organization that all students can join. The funds from BSUDM then went to Riley Children’s Foundation (RCF), and since 2008, the organization has raised more than $3.1 million for RCF. Funds from BSUDM go toward the Magic Castle Cart, a way to administer Smile Therapy to Riley patients by distributing gifts and treats, and the Palliative Care Program, which focuses on providing symptom relief for children with serious illnesses.

Paul Ferguson 15th president, 2014-16 • Ferguson led “The Centennial Commitment 18 by ’18,” which was part of the preparation for the university’s centennial year. This new commitment was focused on the Beneficence Pledge and promoting entrepreneurship. • Approval for the $62.5 million Health Professions Building occurred under his leadership. • Jan. 25, 2016, Ferguson resigned from the university with no explanation after serving as president for 18 months. He still had three and a half years before his contract expired.

Since 2003, students have been dancing in the Ball State University Dance Marathon. REBECCA SLEZAK, DN In 2015, RCF acknowledged BSUDM with the unveiling of the BSUDM Therapy and Recreation Room in the stem cell unit of Riley Hospital. Additionally, BSUDM pairs up 16 high schools across Indiana to provide resources for their “mini marathons.” The organization does more than just put on a marathon, though. Throughout the year, it pairs will Riley Families to participate in various events including cook-outs, Halloween parties, football games and winter formals. Volunteers also attend soccer games, birthday parties and school plays with the families. Contact Brynn Mechem with comments at or on Twitter @BrynnMechem.

Terry King 16th president, 2016-17 • In 2006, King began working at Ball State as provost and executive vice president for academic affairs. • When Ferguson suddenly resigned in 2016, King postponed his retirement to take on the responsibility until the university had found a replacement. • King set benchmarks for the university’s strategic plan and set goals regarding the university’s four-year graduation rate and first-year retention rate.

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Ball State 10th school to join Mid-American Conference Jack Williams Sports Editor

After the Conference of Midwestern Universities (CMU) disbanded in 1972, the Ball State Cardinals were left without a home. That season, the Cardinals were independent from an athletic conference, competing without a set conference schedule. Then, on May 22, 1973, the future of athletics changed as Ball State would soon become part of the Mid-American Conference (MAC). The Cardinals were becoming part of a conference that held a prestigious reputation in the sporting world, unlike the CMU, according to a 1973 Daily News article by Fred Blevins. “Regardless of Ball State’s future in the conference, it’s highly improbable that the MAC will fall to ruin as the CMU did a year ago,” Blevins wrote. “The oldest member of the conference is Ohio University, which joined the league in 1946. The conference extended its reach back into Michigan and accepted Central Michigan and Eastern Michigan on July 15, 1971. Two years later, Northern Illinois and Ball

Geoffrey Mearns 17th president, 2017-present • Mearns graduated from Yale University and received his juris doctor degree at the University of Virginia. He was an attorney for 15 years. • Upon his installation, the Mearnses donated $100,000 to create an endowment fund for Muncie Central graduates who are going to become first-generation college graduates at Ball State. • House Bill 1315 passed in Mearns’ first year. The bill allowed Ball State’s Board of Trustees to appoint five members of the Muncie Community School board. - Staff Reports

Guard Jeff Williams drives to the net in the 1981 NCAA Men’s Basketball Tournament First Round vs. Boston College on March 13, 1981, in Tuscaloosa, Alabama. The Cardinals lost to the Golden Eagles. DIGITAL MEDIA REPOSITORY PHOTO State were admitted, bringing the membership to the present 10 members, the most allowable by the conference charter.” After being admitted into the MAC, Ball State Football was not able to jump into action, as the team didn’t compete in the conference until 1974. On Sept. 14, 1974, the Cardinals faced Central Michigan in their first conference game and fell to the Chippewas, 24-17. However, it didn’t take long for the Cardinals to solidify themselves as a dominant force in the MAC. In its second season in the conference, Ball State won the 1976 MAC Championship. As Daily News reporter Tom Hayden wrote in 1976, this wasn’t only a milestone win for the Cardinals, but the conference as well. “Poised on the speaker’s table was the final acknowledgement of the 1976 football team as the trophy depicting ‘MAC football champions’ went to the Cardinals after only their second year of MAC activity,” Hayden wrote. “Claiming the crown with a 4-1 conference ledger, it was the first time a non-Ohio team had won an undisputed MAC football championship. The Redbirds finished the season with an 8-3 log as compared to last season’s 9-2 slate.” The Cardinals would add on four more MAC titles in 1978, 1989, 1993 and 1996. Unlike football, Ball State Men’s Basketball jumped right into conference play in the 1973-74 season. While the Cardinals did have a conference schedule, they were not eligible to play for a MAC Championship until the 1975-76 season. In Ball State’s first conference game, it narrowly defeated Western Michigan, 78-72.

Ball State Football fans display their support for the Cardinals to win the MAC championship at Scheumann Stadium on Nov. 13, 1976. The Cardinals would win the MAC Championship that season. DIGITAL MEDIA REPOSITORY PHOTO While the men’s basketball team wasn’t as fast as the football team to claim MAC gold, they achieved the honor within six years of joining the conference, winning the title in 1981. The Cardinals also made their first appearance in the NCAA Tournament the same year. Other Ball State teams have set the standard in the MAC including softball, who holds the winningest conference record, baseball, holding the most division titles with eight, men’s tennis, having the longest streak of MAC championships winning ten straight, and field hockey, holding the record for most wins in a single season. Contact Jack Williams with any comments at or on Twitter @jackwilliamsBSU.





HISTORY OF SUCCESS The Cardinals have had their fair share of MAC championships over the years. Here’s a complete list of every team’s major accolades:

Men’s Volleyball MIVA Champions (1970-1976, 1979, 1984, 1985, 1988-1990,

1994, 1995, 1997, 2002)

NCAA Bronze Medalists (1970-1976, 1988, 1990, 1994, 1995, 1997, 2002)

Men’s Tennis MAC Champions (1984-1995, 2000-2003, 2005, 2011) Women’s Volleyball MAC Champions (1992-1995, 1999, 2000, 2002, 2010)

Soccer MAC Regular Season Champions (2006, 2007, 2015, 2016) Women’s Basketball MAC Champions (2009) NCAA Tournament Appearance (2009)

Track and Field MAC Indoor Champions (1996, 1998, 2001) MAC Outdoor Champions (1996, 1998, 2000, 2001) 200m Dash National Champion - LaTasha Jenkins (1998) Softball MAC Champions (1998, 2010, 2015) Gymnastics MAC Champions (2002)


Men’s Golf MAC Champions (1975, 1982, 1986)

Women’s Tennis MAC Regular Season Champions (2016, 2017) MAC Champions (2016)

Football MAC Champions (1976, 1978, 1989, 1993, 1996) AP top 25 Appearance (2008) Men’s Basketball MAC Champions (1981, 1986, 1989, 1990, 1993, 1995, 2000) NCAA Tournament Appearance (1981, 1986, 1989, 1990, 1993, 1995, 2000)

Sweet 16 Appearance (1990) NIT Quarterfinal Appearance (2002) Field Hockey MAC Champions (1983-1986, 1989, 1993-1997) NCAA Tournament Appearance (1992-1995)


Cross Country MAC Champions (2003) Baseball MAC Champions (2006)

Code Red 14th at UCA & UDA College Cheerleading and Dance Team National Championship (2017) 12th at UCA & UDA College Cheerleading and Dance Team National Championship (2018) Cheerleading UCA College National Championship Small Coed Division I Runner-Up (2018) - Staff Reports




Kent State spurs Ball State into action Carli Scalf Reporter

Imagine a sea of Ball State students gathering in front of the Arts Terrace at the David Owsley Museum of Art, not for graduation, but demonstration. At 10:30 a.m. on May 7, 1970, a student yelled into a microphone, “Ball State, where are you?” The rallying cry came from then-junior Angelo Franceschina, according to the next day’s edition of The Daily News. Franceschina was kicking off the largest Vietnam War strike to occur on Ball State’s campus. Before this event, Cardinal representation on the Vietnam issue was scarce. History professor Anthony Edmonds, who was teaching on campus during the 1970s, in an email, recalled protest in the fall of 1969 included “only a couple of hundred people” with very few viewers. Mary Posner, who was president of Ball State’s chapter of the Vietnam Moratorium Committee, said the group often faced opposition and only had a small core of dedicated students. With this in mind, the question Franceschina asked the morning of May 7 was fitting: where, indeed, did Ball State stand? As thousands showed up in front of the Arts Terrace throughout the day, it was clear many students had been newly awakened to the issues the war presented. The killing of four Kent State students by the National Guard at a campus war protest just days before on May 4, at a campus only a little more than four hours away, had brought the conflict too close to home. Finally, students were seeking answers.

An inhospitable environment for protest Prior to the Kent State shootings, the bulk of Ball State’s demonstrations against the Vietnam War came from its scrappy but determined chapter of the Vietnam Moratorium Committee (VMC). The chapter was founded by Posner in the fall of 1969 after she met other students starting VMC chapters at a National Student Congress Convention in El Paso, Texas. The idea appealed to her already-growing interest in the conflict; earlier that summer, she had been fired from an office job for posting a news article about napalm on the company bulletin board. The original sign-up sheet for Ball State’s VMC chapter, which Posner still has in her records, included 98 names; however, she said she remembers a much smaller group of students who were consistently involved in planning events. Alumnus Mark Sharfman, a member of Ball State’s VMC chapter, remembers about 20 students in this core group. “Although we were small, the people involved were really hard workers,” Posner said. While the national VMC was encouraged by Ball State’s protest activity, much of campus was hostile or indifferent to its efforts. “We got a lot of opposition from all kinds of people,” Posner said, pointing especially to the

The original organizers of Ball State’s chapter of the Vietnam Moratorium Committee pose together at a recent reunion. Pictured are Charlie Heitkamp, associate director, Mary Posner, president and Mary Timm Gomes, treasurer. PHOTO PROVIDED frequent criticism the group received from The Daily News. Though The Only Alternative, a progressive underground newspaper on campus at the time, did give the VMC ample and often supportive coverage, Posner also remembers being criticized by the publication for not being “radical enough.” Perhaps the most controversial event held by the VMC was a protest that included the reading of the names of all the American soldiers who had died in Vietnam, held on campus Oct. 15, 1969. The event inspired a counter-protest, a public statement of opposition from the University Veterans and at least three Daily News editorials commending the Student Government Association for voting to not support the protest. “I strongly disagreed with that, because it was my belief that we were trying to prevent future people from dying in Vietnam, and to me, that was very meaningful,” Posner said. Despite the hostility, the VMC persevered, and set a precedent of avoiding violence during protests and demonstrations.

“We had a decent pipeline from the VMC to the university administration, and we made promises that we intended to and did keep to prevent violence,” Sharfman said. After a year of ups and downs, the national VMC disbanded in April 1970, and Ball State’s chapter followed suit. On Apr. 29, 1970 Posner announced at a luncheon that the VMC was dissolving and joining the New Left Coalition, which combined many progressive groups on campus, including the Other Alternative and the Black Students Union. Five days later, the National Guard opened fire on a student protest at Kent State University, wounding nine and killing four students.

Kent State mobilizes the Cardinals On April 30, President Richard Nixon announced the expansion of military forces in Vietnam into Cambodia. The decision sparked immediate protest around the country, including among college students at Kent State University in Kent, Ohio.

A large anti-war protest was held Friday, May 1, 1970 on the campus. After the ROTC building was burned down on campus, on May 2 the mayor of Kent declared a state of emergency and requested Gov. James Rhodes send the Ohio National Guard to restore order. In 1970, Ball State and Kent State were, in many ways, similar schools. Both were in the MidAmerican Conference, both were in the Midwest, and both were known for having “town and gown” tension between the university and the conservative, blue-collar towns that surrounded them. Despite these similarities, Ball State’s level of protest activity was relatively low. In the book “Ball State: An Interpretive History” by Edmonds and Ball State history professor Bruce Geelhoed, this difference between Ball State’s protest activity and other schools is noted: “Ball State University experienced a relatively small measure of the student discontent that marked many other American campuses in the late 1960s and early 1970s.” In contrast, Kent State’s level of protest activity was intensely high. Ball State history professor Ed Krzeminski said a possible explanation for the difference in protest activity was Kent State’s tie to the metropolitan areas of Cleveland and Akron. While the land between Muncie and Indianapolis is mostly rural, the area between Kent State and its two neighboring cities is populated with towns. This made the distance between the university and the city, especially in terms of expanding anti-war sentiment, feel much smaller. Religious influence is another possible explanation for the differences between schools. Ball State’s student body tended to have more of a Protestant influence, which aligned many students with conservative ideals, while Kent State’s had a greater Catholic influence, which aligned many students with left-wing ideals (thanks, in large part, to the recent election of the first Catholic president, John F. Kennedy, by the Democratic Party). Posner remembers the Newman Center, a Catholic church close to Ball State’s campus, being one of the only consistent supporters of the VMC’s protest activity. The cosmopolitan and religious influences, combined with an intellectual and engaged student body, made Kent State fertile ground for student protests. Ball State’s isolation from larger cities and its differing religious influence made it less of a political hotbed. “It was a perfect storm,” Krzeminski said of the Kent State environment. After being called in by the governor, the National Guard arrived over the weekend and was present the following Monday, May 4, when students returned to campus and gathered for an anti-war protest at noon. According to Ohio History Central, National Guard members fired tear gas at the crowd of protesters, which they began throwing back at the guardsmen. Reportedly fearing for their life,




One of Ball State’s progressive underground student newspaper, The Only Alternative, ran this cartoon in the Oct. 3-16, 1969 volume of the paper to accompany a story about the start of Ball State’s chapter of the Vietnam Moratorium Committee. DIGITAL MEDIA REPOSITORY PHOTO

guardsmen armed with rifles and bayonets began to shoot at the crowd, killing four students and wounding nine; two of the students who died were not participating in the protest. The incident sparked outrage everywhere, but especially on college campuses. Ball State’s reaction was strong, both because of the shocking nature of the event and because of Kent’s proximity to Muncie. Ball State’s president at the time, John J. Pruis, released an impassioned statement on May 5: “The tragic events at Kent State University have brought to all of us a sense of grief and a feeling of deep frustration bordering on despair. We grieve because four students lost their lives and we know not why. We did not know them but in their despair we identify with them. The senseless loss of these four young lives bespeaks a deep cancer in our society which must be healed if we are to endure. We are frustrated because we are painfully aware

The tragic events at Kent State University have brought to all of us a sense of grief and a feeling of deep frustration bordering on despair.” - JOHN J. PRUIS, Former Ball State President of these monstrous problems but we are at a loss to know how to bring our best thoughts to bear in their solution and obviously we as a nation are still a long way from finding the right answers. What of the future? I continue to trust that the

educational community can and will point the way. We must not give up, rather redouble our efforts to seek out the root causes and to propose solutions which will be effective and which will also find acceptance.” The show of support from the president for education around the issue of the Vietnam War made an impact. Students who had previously been disinterested in the war were finally paying attention. “It was an incredibly profound experience for those of us on Ball State’s campus,” Sharfman said of the Kent State shooting. “It was just this amazing tragedy that should have never happened.” The new level of interest in the conflict allowed demonstration organizers to secure a level of support they hadn’t previously. Sharfman fought for and succeeded in winning SGA approval of a campus-wide “teach-in” event to be held in front of the Arts Terrace on May 7, 1970. The goal of the “teach-in,” Sharfman said, was to educate the student body on all sides of the Vietnam conflict and get them to really think about the motivations behind the war. The event included speakers from both sides of the issue and drew a crowd of thousands — students and professors alike. Though the VMC had dissolved just days before the “teach-in,” was organized, its former members participated in the event and were glad to see a larger part of campus finally engaging in the antiwar movement. “Kent State happened one state over from us, on a similar sort of campus, and four students were killed,” Posner said. “I think it just really hit home.” In addition to the speakers, a memorial service had been scheduled for 4 p.m., which prompted a group of students to stage a “sit-in” in front of the Administration Building to request all American flags be flown at half-mast in honor of the Kent State students who had died, according to “Ball State: An Interpretive History.” President Pruis

Then-junior student and Ball State VMC president Mary Posner still has the ‘strike’ shirt she wore to the Vietnam “teach-in” demonstration Ball State held in response to Kent State shooting on May 7, 1970. PHOTO PROVIDED, MARY POSNER agreed within 20 minutes. Though Geelhoed and Edmonds called this demonstration “quiet, peaceful and extraordinarily mild,” the mere presence of thousands of previously inactive students and faculty at an anti-war event marked a change in Ball State’s perception of the war.

A legacy of protest remembered Forty-eight years after the Kent State shootings and the protest that followed, Posner and Sharfman expressed the hope that today’s students can learn from the past and continue using their voices to protest about issues concerning war involvement and student safety. Both were struck by the recent protests started by high school students from Parkland, Florida, after a shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School left 17 students and faculty members dead and 17 more injured. Their activism gave new energy to the gun control debate and put student safety at the forefront. “While the tragedy that occurred in Florida was sickening,” Sharfman said, “the shootings have mobilized a huge part of the young population, and [the protest activity] warms my heart, because it’s so close to what we did back then.” Posner and Ball State history professor Michael Doyle are in the process of planning an event that will make sure the Ball State and Muncie community don’t forget about the impact of student protesting during the Vietnam War era. The event, which is scheduled

for October 2019, includes two parts; a reunion of Ball State’s chapter of the Vietnam Moratorium Committee and a day-long conference focused on the historical impact of the Vietnam anti-war movement. The date will mark 50 years since the first VMC protest at Ball State, lending the twoday commemoration a retrospective feel. “[The conference] attempts to widen the historical frame of the protests, the experience of Vietnam at 50 [years old], but also ties to the people who are actively engaged in these very same issues today for a very different set of circumstances,” Doyle said. Panel topics will include the accomplishments and failings of the anti-war movement and what today’s activists can learn from protesters of the past. The conference will ensure that Muncie will not forget the protests of the VMC, nor the strength of Ball State’s reaction to the Kent State tragedy all those years ago. Contact Carli Scalf with comments at or on Twitter @carliscalf18.

LATE Mon.-Wed. 11 a.m.-3 a.m. Thur.-Sat. 11 a.m.-4 a.m. Sunday 11 a.m.-12 a.m. 1805 W. University Ave., Muncie




Cardinals set United States on path to

Educators and members from the Deaf community gather for the Workshop on Interpreting for the Deaf held from June 14-17, 1964, at Ball State Teachers College. CAROLYN BALL, PHOTO PROVIDED

Ball State workshop sparks change in American view of Deaf community. Brooke Kemp Managing Editor Today, it isn’t strange to see someone standing next to the President of the United States using American Sign Language (ASL). Members of the Deaf community can be seen in popular culture from educational children’s programming like “Sesame Street” to former Indiana Fever player Tamika Catchings. Before a workshop at Ball State in 1964 unexpectedly led to the founding of the Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf (RID), those in the Deaf community were often overlooked and denied services they desperately needed. Places in Europe began making accommodations and acknowledging ways to help the deaf and hearing impaired before the late 1700s. The first school for the deaf, however, was not formed in the United States until 1817. One of the most typical services offered today, interpreting, took a while to catch on and become law, or even common courtesy. Children of deaf adults, also known as CODAs, were the first interpreters of sorts. If a parent had

to go to the doctor’s office or enroll their student in school, for example, their children often had to interpret for them. Throughout her research in obtaining her doctorate, writing her book “Legacies and Legends: History of Interpreter Education from 1800 to the 21st Century” and working as an archivist for the RID, Carolyn Ball was able to interview children who had to interpret for their parents no matter the situation. In one interview, Ball learned about a woman’s experience interpreting for her deaf parents during World War II. To help the woman’s parent’s check on their baby, her father made a light that would flash wherever they were in the house and alert them of the crying. This light, however, was visible outside of the house, and eventually officials came to their door notifying the family that the light could no longer be used because it appeared as if they were sending “secret signals,” Ball said. Because both her mother and father were deaf and there was no one else who could interpret for them, the woman had to interpret words about war and enemies that she didn’t understand.

Ball said situations like this weren’t uncommon. In fact, some children even had to interpret their parent’s divorce hearings. While making interpreting an official position was discussed among CODAs, concern for who

Not help in the sense of ‘Oh, poor deaf people,’ but to provide good services and to get deaf people into colleges with good interpreters and how do we teach interpreters.” - CAROLYN BALL, RID archivist the responsibility of training and paying these professionals ultimately halted such discussion. “It was a war between themselves because they

said, ‘If we become a professional organization, who will pay for this?’” Ball said. “They knew the people who would have to pay for the interpreters at that time would be the deaf people, and that they would be taking money from deaf people and they did not want to do that.” CODAs were not the only members of the deaf community who recognized this hurdle, and in the 60s — which Ball referred to as “the golden age for people with disabilities” due to the accessibility of funds — progress was expedited. Ball said John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson “gave grants like crazy” to the Health Education and Welfare Department’s Vocational Rehabilitation Administration (VRA). During this time, the first deaf federal employee was hired: Boyce Williams. “I’ve documented about 35 [RID] pioneers that were involved with him, and they said he was just such a gregarious man,” Ball said. “He just had a vision, and his vision was that there needed to be a lot more services for deaf people in the United States. He was the catalyst and pushed really, really hard to get training and grants and all sorts of money filtered into different areas of deafness.”




accessibility for Deaf community Among Williams’ dreams, Ball said, was the creation of an organization of interpreters. With this excess of funds and push for establishing an organization of interpreters in mind, plans began for a workshop to make decisions such as how to train interpreters and set standards for the services that people who are deaf should be provided. In 1963, a grant for $19,530 from the VRA was filed through Ball State University, then known as Ball State Teachers College. Alan Huckleberry, who then served as the director of special education, and William J. McClure, Ball State alumnus and then-superintendent of Indiana

...they realized that deaf people really deserved these services and so to them, the greater cause — which was getting interpreters — was better than them sitting and arguing about what policies should be.” - LOU FANT, Attended RID meetings in 1964 School for the Deaf, were listed on the grant as the applicant and program director, respectively. “The goal was to bring as many people as they could together to talk about the state of interpreting and what was happening all over the United States because Dr. Boyce Williams said, ‘We’ve gotta do something, we’ve gotta get these people going, we’ve gotta get something — an organization of some kind because deaf people need interpreters, but we can’t find them [if] we can’t get them,’” Ball said. After the grant was approved and Ball State was chosen as the meeting place for the workshop, 70 superintendents from schools across the nation and influential people in the deaf community were invited from across the country to share ideas and contribute to this historic gathering, according to an article in the Jul. 2, 1964 issue of the Ball State News. “At the time, nobody knew what was happening in different parts of the country so it was important to come together because we didn’t have a newsletter, we didn’t have books, we didn’t have anything. We didn’t know what was happening in Idaho or Utah or Indiana,” Ball said. “So coming together like that [at Ball State] was the first time ... different people came together and said, ‘Gosh, what’s happening with you? What’s happening where you are? What’s happening where we are and how can we combine those resources together so that we can

During the June 1964 Workshop on Interpreting for the Deaf, John Gough, then-chief of captioned Films for the Deaf, U.S, Office of Education, talks with Malcolm Norwood, Gilbert Delgado and Alan Huckleberry. This photo was published in the July 26, 1963, issue of The Ball State News. BALL STATE MEDIA DIGITAL REPOSITORY PHOTO help each other to influence the Deaf community so that we can provide interpreting services that will help the deaf? “Not help in the sense of ‘Oh, poor deaf people,’ but to provide good services and to get deaf people into colleges with good interpreters and how do we teach interpreters.” The workshop brought together people representing schools across the United States to “bring a more formal and structured foundation to the training of interpreters and to upgrade services and support offered to persons who are deaf,” according to the RID’s website. The four-day workshop yielded many “concepts of interpreting” and collections of training materials, according to Ball’s book “Legacies and Legends: History of Interpreter Education from 1800 to the 21st Century,” but one of the most notable accomplishments of the workshop was not on the meeting agenda. After deliberation about necessary services and guidelines, the group came to the realization that a searchable and accessible collection of hireable interpreters was needed in order to best carry out

the things being discussed in the meetings. So, two members of the conference decided to meet outside of the scheduled hours. Edgar Lowell and Ralph Hoag were an unlikely pair, according to Ball, as Lowell worked at the John Tracy Clinic, which was known for disregarding sign language and instead relying on lip reading. Aware of their differences, Ball said Lowell took a more cautious approach to this unscheduled meeting and explicitly stated that there would be no argument or discussion beyond creating a basic code of ethics, name, cost estimate and assessment of interest in participation if a group were started to help organize interpreters for hire. Instead, that meeting resulted in the formation of the RID. The group was also able to name the organization’s first president — Ken Hough, who was then the superintendent of the Wisconsin School for the Deaf — and its entire executive board, Ball said. Lou Fant, who was in attendance at the meetings in 1964 and involved in the RID as

it formed into what it is today, wrote a book called “Silver Threads: A Personal Look at the First Twenty-Five Years of the Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf,” compiling his thoughts and the history that was made during and after the meetings at Ball State. “[Fant] said not everybody agreed, and there were a lot of heated conversations, but it didn’t take away from the fact that they all knew that they needed to have this,” Ball said. “I think the major thing was that the people that were involved in these meetings were either children who had deaf parents or they were superintendents of the deaf schools, and they realized that deaf people really deserved these services and so to them, the greater cause — which was getting interpreters — was better than them sitting and arguing about what policies should be. “I think that’s because they all cared about the deaf community, and they wanted the deaf community to flourish; they wanted deaf children to have good schools.” Contact Brooke Kemp with comments at or on Twitter @brookemkemp.




BONZI WELLS: From Muncie Central High School, Ball State to the NBA Brooke Kemp Managing Editor

Before playing college basketball at Ball State and eventually moving on to the NBA, Bonzi Wells played for Muncie Central High School. Muncie Central made it to the regional tournament championships during Wells’ time on the team, and in his senior year Wells averaged 23.7 points per game, according to an article published in the June 20, 1994, issue of The Daily News. While at Ball State, the forward was named Freshman of the Year and received MAC Player of the Year in the 1995-96 and 1997-98 seasons. He also set many records including 347 career steals. With a one-handed dunk, Wells broke former Chicago Bulls player Ron Harper’s Mid-American Conference scoring record in 1998. “I thought I was going to be more relaxed than what I was, but I guess I was kind of pressing today,” Wells said in a previous Daily News article published in the Feb. 23, 1998, issue after breaking the record. “I missed a few shots, but I’m glad it’s over with. I can just play, and not have to worry

about all the hype about breaking the record. It’s just over, and we can move on.” During a timeout immediately after making the basket, Wells was awarded the game ball by thenpresident John Worthen, according The Daily News article. Wells graduated from Ball State in 1998, completing his career as the Mid-American Conference’s all-time leader in points (2,485) and steals, and was selected as the 11th pick in the first round of the 1998 NBA draft by the Detroit Pistons. Throughout his 11-year career in the NBA, he played on teams including the Portland Trail Blazers, Memphis Grizzlies, Sacramento Kings, Houston Rockets and New Orleans Hornets. In 2011, Ball State inducted the four-year letter winner into its Hall of Fame. Now, Wells plays for Tri State, a team that is part of a three-on-three professional basketball league composed of Hall of Famers and World Champions called BIG3. Contact Brooke Kemp with comments at or on Twitter @brookemkemp.

In this photo from the Feb. 23, 1998, issue of The Daily News, former Ball State forward Bonzi Wells makes a one-handed dunk to break the former Mid-American Conference scoring record. DIGITAL MEDIA REPOSITORY PHOTO


Of the 95 Homecoming games the university has played in, the Cardinals have won a total of 58 and tied one. Here is a quick look back at some of Ball State’s most historic Homecoming years.

1943: Homecoming cancelled for World War II Enrollment of women at Ball State increased drastically as men were shipped out to fight in the war.

Nov. 18, 1926: First Ball State homecoming The first homecoming featured a bonfire, pep session, dancing and food. The football team defeated Hanover College 13-0.

Ball State’s Homecoming traditions have a long and storied history. From snake dances to leaf rakes to air jams, each year since 1926 has seen some kind of event to get students in the Cardinal spirit.



1938: First homecoming queen, Marjorie Haisley, is crowned It wasn’t until 12 years after the first homecoming that a homecoming queen was finally crowned. Her duties included leading the Homecoming parade, presenting awards, presiding over the football game and reigning at the Homecoming dance.

1940 September 1939: World War II begins The United States would not end up joining the war until Dec. 7, 1941, after the bombing of Pearl Harbor.

1947: Homecoming festivities return after World War II These festivities included an 18-float parade, Homecoming queen contest, theater rush, bonfire, freshman-sophomore contest and a “gala” Homecoming dance.

1950 November 1943: First leaf rake is held In response to the lack of grounds-keepers and the lack of a football game, students raked leaves to help clean up campus. After the day-long rake, festivities included a bonfire and a snake dance.





TIMOTHY BROWN: Professional athlete, actor and singer Brynn Mechem News Editor

Getting the opportunity to pursue a career on the gridiron or the big screen is a one in a million shot. Getting to pursue both seems nearly impossible, but one Ball State alumnus did just that. Timothy Brown, who was raised in Knightstown, Indiana, graduated Morton Memorial High School in 1955. After playing football at Ball State, Brown, still known as “Timmy Brown,” was selected in the 1959 NFL draft. He played one game with the Green Bay Packers before an eight-season stint with the Philadelphia Eagles. As an Eagle, Brown led the league in kick return yards in 1961 and 1963. In 1963 and 1965, Brown was third in the league in rushing. He then went on to play for the Baltimore Colts, playing his final NFL game in Super Bowl III in 1968. He played in the Pro Bowl in 1962, 1963 and 1965. Brown made his start as an actor while still playing football. His first appearance was on the Season 3 premiere of “The Wild West” in 1967. Upon his retirement from the NFL, Brown became a full-time actor. He then worked under the name “Timothy Brown” in order to distinguish

1954: Leaf rake tradition is discontinued After attendance dropped due to the introduction of mechanical leaf rakers and power mowers, the university discontinued the tradition.


Timothy Brown appears in a movie poster, “Girls are for loving,” in the Oct. 4, 1974, issue of the Daily News. DIGITAL MEDIA REPOSITORY PHOTO

himself from Jim Brown, the Cleveland Browns running back who also became an actor. Brown appeared in movies such as “MASH,” “Nashville” and “Midnight Ride.” He also appeared on shows like “M*A*S*H,” “Adam-12” and “The Mary Tyler Moore Show.” As if having a football and acting career weren’t enough, Brown also produced several singles. After singing at Ball State, Brown recorded “I Got Nothin’ But Time” and “Silly Rumors” in 1962. Contact Brynn Mechem with comments at or on Twitter Timothy Brown appears in an episode of “M*A*S*H” in 1972. Brown has a professional football, acting and singing career. @BrynnMechem. IMDB, PHOTO COURTESY

Oct. 20, 2018: Homecoming game This year’s Homecoming will take place Oct. 20. Events like Air Jam, Talent Search and Bed Races will take place in the week leading up to the game.

1980: Bed Races begin The tradition of closing down Riverside Avenue to allow teams of five to race a bed down a 100-yard course began when students used beds from nearby fraternity houses. They attached welded wheels to the frames and ran down the streets. Now, the university has a welding shop that makes the beds for participants. 1980

1961: Homecoming Steering Committee officially started The committee began to allow students and advisors the opportunity to plan and coordinate activities for Homecoming.

1990 1987: Air jam added to list of festivities The competition features a variety of teams as they lip-sync, dance and dress-up the Thursday of Homecoming week in John R. Emens Auditorium.







University Singers celebrate 55 year anniversary Tierra Harris Copy Director

In 1964, the elevation of the Civil Rights Movement and debut release of the Beatles’ second album weren’t the only events that changed lives. With nothing more than a goal and an eager ensemble, the Ball State University Singers became the newest addition to campus. Then-led by Don Neuen, the University Singers performed locally. After their First Spectacular event in 1966, the choir raised $7,000 for the School of Music and made their big break. Not long after, more events became a part of the Singers’ agenda. Tours across Iceland, Greenland, Labrador and Newfoundland followed closely behind the University Singers becoming official ambassadors for Indiana’s Goodwill. The ’80s, ’90s and early 2000s only built up the magnitude and publicity of the university choir and its enormous audience. During the Midwest tour of 1984, the ensemble performed 120 shows in 10 weeks. Eight years later, the University Singers raised $57,000 for the homeless population of Indiana. Now, with Alan Alder leading the choir, the “tradition and heritage” of the 55-year-old ensemble remains the same. “While I’m doing everything that I can to move the group forward, because of how important heritage and tradition are for this group, I have to also do everything I can to maintain those elements of what we’ve always done,” Alder said. During his 11 years, Alder has managed to lead the team of singers to both gold and platinum status. In 2013, the choir attended the World Choir Games in Cincinnati, Ohio, taking the title as the No. 1 Collegiate Entertainment Organization in the world. After conquering the international competition, the ensemble’s Reaching Across the World

The Ball State University Singers performed in the 53rd Annual Spectacular in John R. Emens Auditorium April 7, 2017. ALICIA M. BARNACHEA, DN

Spectacular performance embodied that show choir isn’t just a hobby, but “a way of life,” Alder said. For the anniversary, Alder plans to ensure the relationship between the current show choir and alumni is maintained through important traditions like acapella performances, formations and ideas from past directors. “We had people come from all over the world for [the last] reunion,” Alder said. “We’ve already mailed out thousands of save-the-date magnets with letters of invitation specifically to our University Singers alumni.” Under Alder’s leadership, students have been greatly impacted by his coaching and familyoriented approach. After coming from Ireland, junior Sarah Black wasn’t exactly sure what college she wanted to go to. Once she found out about the University choir, she knew Ball State was the right choice. “Honestly, Dr. Alder was probably the first person who really helped me see what kind of voice I have,” Black said. “My [past] directors were very focused on ‘just sing the notes,’ so getting here was like, ‘I can do this.’” Senior Hunter Okey had seven years of show choir experience before coming to Ball State. His decision to join the University Singers led to gaining a position as the assistant company manager his junior year. As a senior, Okey was given the position as company manager. Besides being the main source of communication between the choir and Alder, Okey is also responsible for leading the production staff. “[Alder] is one of the greatest people you’ll ever meet,” Okey said. “Just watching him direct us, you can feel his passion for music and feel his passion for us as a choir, too.” Newcomer freshman Dalton Dietrich was on the fence about whether or not he would enjoy being a part of University Singers, but after viewing last year’s Spectacular, he knew it was the perfect route. In just the few weeks that he’s been a part of the ensemble, Dietrich said he already enjoys Alder’s teaching style, which he said is different than just focusing on “round vowels and crisp consonants.” Since 1964, the ensemble’s main focus was to enlarge its family and share music with the world around them. With the arrival of the 55 year anniversary, singers past and present, are looking forward to making this year one to remember. “I think just the fact that we’re here and we’ve kept going makes our alumni want to support us,” Alder said. “As long as we’re maintaining our link with history.” Contact Tierra Harris with any comments at




Women’s Volleyball


Cardinals head home for Active Ankle Challenge

Starting off the season at 4-2, women’s volleyball will take the floor at home for the first time this season. The Cardinals will face the likes of North Dakota State, Northern Iowa and Indiana.

Field Hockey

Still looking for first win


MAC’s new #FlyTheFlag has Cardinal eyes set on showdown with Notre Dame. Jack Williams Sports Editor In the sea known as the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS), 130 schools are battling for the top spot in their respected conference. However, 12 schools are looking to fly the crescent of the Jolly Roger among their rivals in mark of a dominant performance on the field. #FlyTheFlag is a newly launched tradition in the MidAmerican Conference in which MAC schools will be able to fly a black flag with crossbones and the conference logo on their home field after a major win. “I have provided a MAC Jolly Roger flag to each institution [that] have asked after each victory, home or away, that the flag be run up the flagpole and remain there until the next game,” Mid-American Conference commissioner Jon Steinbrecher said in a tweet posted by the MAC.

The MAC has held the title of being a “spoiler” conference for many years. For the past five seasons, MAC squads have upset the likes of Arkansas, Oklahoma State, Nebraska and many others. It’s no surprise that the MAC has claimed the title of the Pirates of the FBS. “If you just look at the history of our conference, you will see, year in and year out, that there are some teams who have gone into places where they weren’t expected to win and come out with that win,” Head coach Mike Neu said. “A lot of times a MAC team will go in some place and a lot of teams will say, ‘Man, that’s good football.’ MAC teams are competitive, well coached and all those things.”


Field Hockey is looking to get into the win column after starting off the season 0-4. The Cardinals will travel to Columbus, Ohio, this weekend to take on host, Ohio State and Lehigh.

Cross Country

Cardinals head up the road for IWU Twilight After a top three finish last week at the Butler Twilight meet, cross country will head up to Marion, Indiana for the IWU Twilight meet for another strong finish.





#FLYTHEFLAG Continued from Page 23

For Ball State Football, after first flying the flag in a dominant win over Central Connecticut State last Thursday, the Cardinals will look to keep that flag waving due north in the enemy waters of the St. Joseph River facing No. 8 Notre Dame. The Irish are coming off a major win against rival No. 21 Michigan, 24-17. While it may seem


Continued from Page 01 “I’d race to beat my brothers and sisters on Saturday morning to get to the TV and hold my position so I could watch Notre Dame every single week,” Neu said. “I prided myself on getting up early enough. They weren’t getting out of bed early on Saturday mornings—they didn’t have to.” A busy high school football schedule couldn’t stop Neu from watching the Irish. After playing under the Friday night lights for Perry Meridian and practicing the next morning, Neu would race home to catch the games. Neu said Notre Dame Football is more than just a program and is something he still holds dear to himself to this day. “I was very fortunate to meet Joe Montana,” Neu said. “I had a chance to coach his son at Tulane University, so I developed a good friendship with Joe. To be able to meet him knowing he put [the Notre Dame] uniform on is certainly pretty cool.” The 2018 Irish are eyeing their first National Championship since 1988, a time Neu describes as his favorite among Notre Dame Football memories. Neu said he admires the way his childhood team plays and conducts itself. “It’s a good, well-coached football team. When you turn the tape on, they play fast, and they play hard,” Neu said. “That’s what I appreciate as much as anything else, especially when you watch from a coach’s perspective.” ESPN gives Ball State (1-0, 0-0 MAC) less than a one percent chance to take down No. 8 Notre Dame (1-0). Neu knows his team is an underdog, but surprises happen every year. Appalachian State entered its contest with then No. 10 Penn State with a 1.8 percent win probability, according to ESPN. Neu said his team watched the Mountaineers nearly pull off the upset in overtime. “We’re going in with a mindset of spoiler,” Neu said. “We just got to worry about us. We got to go in, make sure we’re ready to go, make sure we can handle the atmosphere and just go out and execute.” Neu’s players are behind his message. Redshirt junior James Gilbert said if they stick to the game plan and treat this week like any other, the Cardinals might shock the world. “This week is a chance to show how good we are as a team,” Gilbert said. “On paper they say we’re an underdog, but we’re just ready to go out there and compete. They put their pants and pads on just like we do, so we’re not approaching it any different.”

like a heavy task, the Cardinals have seen other group of five teams challenge other power five teams this season. On Saturday, Sun Belt team Appalachian State took No. 13 Penn State down to the wire, forcing overtime and leading the Nittany Lions for the majority of the fourth quarter. “It’s very possible for us to upset,” Sophomore wide receiver Justin Hall said. “Just look at Appalachian State. They almost upset Penn State in that overtime loss. We plan on coming out on Saturday with a lot of hope, getting a game plan going, just trusting one another and playing hard.” Neu said he’s had the pleasure of visiting Notre Dame Stadium once in his lifetime when his dad took him to watch the Irish play rival Michigan. He said he’s looking forward to returning and is honored to be coaching on the field he grew up watching. As far as getting his players pumped up for their first time in school history sharing the gridiron with Notre Dame, Neu said “Rudy” could be a mustwatch on the bus ride to South Bend. “Rudy” tells the story of a small man with a big dream to play football for Notre Dame. The odds are stacked against him, but he captures the hearts of the fans when he finally completes his mission. Neu is hopeful reality will replicate fantasy. Ball State and Notre Dame will clash 3:30 p.m. Saturday. Contact Zach Piatt with comments at zapiatt@ or on Twitter @zachpiatt13.

Ball State’s head football coach Mike Neu coaches from the sidelines during the game against Northern Illinois Saturday, Oct. 1, 2016, in Scheumann Stadium. Neu played collegiate football at Ball State where he was named 1993 Mid-American Conference Offensive Player of the Year. GRACE RAMEY, DN FILE

The Cardinals have been zeroed in on facing the Irish this entire week, getting used to the environment Notre Dame Stadium may provide by playing fan noise and the Notre Dame Fight Song at practice. The team looks to set a tough tone heading onto the field this weekend. “I’m making sure that our guys are prepared and ready to go,” Neu said. “We want to play tough, hard nosed, scrappy and leave it out on the field. That’s all I can ask from them.” While the Cardinals are looking to upset, the secret to success has been treating this as

any other game. History has shown that MAC squads who upset tend to have a strong overall season. According to Hall, there shouldn’t be more hype for the Notre Dame game than any other game. “If you gotta get hyped up for this game, you shouldn’t be here,” Hall said. “We’re just going to come out, ball out and everyone is going to play their hardest.” Contact Jack Williams with comments at or on Twitter @jackwilliamsBSU

Coming to


From France to Thailand, three golfers have been able to call Ball State their home away from home. Drew Pierce Reporter Of the 33,000 golf facilities around the world, the United States is home to 45 percent of them, according to Forbes. It is clear the US is the place to be for golfing opportunity in casual, professional and collegiate settings. Ball State Women’s Golf has brought talents from all around the world to tee off in Muncie. From Thailand to Canada, a sense of cultural experience and passion is present every time one of these athletes is on the green. About 8,500 miles southwest of Muncie, freshman Ja Santadusit picked up the game of golf in her home country of Thailand. For a young athlete to get into golf in a country dominated by soccer, there are not many other opportunities. “[Golf] is not very popular, but soccer is very popular,” Santadusit said. “In Thailand, older people play golf, and now more younger people are starting to play.” Santadusit was taken out onto the green at a young age and got involved in the sport quickly. It was her sister’s experience studying in the US that made Santadusit realize that she had an opportunity to do something with golf. Looking to golf at the collegiate level, Santadusit found an opportunity at Ball State to continue her passion for the game. Heading due east into central Europe, junior Manon Tounalom hails from Buchelay, France, which lies about an hour outside of Paris. Tounalom’s father was the one who opened the door for her into the sport of golf. Since Tounalom was a little, she would take lessons from her father. “I think that golf was the best sport for me, and I hated it at first,” Tounalom said. “Then, I just got into the game, and I’ve loved it ever since.” Since many of the golf events that occur in France are a part of independent leagues, there is no real way to advance through the sport. That is until Tounalom connected with head coach

Katherine Mowat who showed her what collegiate athletics can do for one’s career. “We don’t have any golf teams in high school or college [in France],” Tounalom said. “ I heard that colleges in America have sports and thought ‘Well, why not me?’ I think Ball State is my destiny.” While it may not be a hard adjustment, it still requires a passport. Freshman Dylann Armstrong comes to Muncie from North Gower, Ontario, Canada, about 45 minutes from Ottawa. Like her teammates, Armstrong’s parents got her on the course. Having three other siblings, Armstrong feels she was the one who stuck with golf. “I was the last of his children, and I was my dad’s last chance to get into golf,” Armstrong said. “I got into it, and here I am now.” Another challenge for golfing in Canada is the longer winter season. The long winters can limit how much course time an athlete can get. Canadian golfers need to be able to use time efficiently to get the same amount of rounds in as the competition. “It is definitely hard to get tee times,” Armstrong said. “In the spring it is challenging, but in the summer it opens up a little bit because the days are longer.” Armstrong explained how hockey is much more popular than golf in Canada. Like sports in other countries, golf is looked at more of a summertime hobby rather than a competitive sport. Once she realized this, she knew going to America would be the best opportunity for her future. Although a wide range of cultures and languages are represented, a sense of family is at the forefront. This team is well-versed in playing styles and camaraderie on and off the course. The “cultural barrier” that happens in some situations appears to be nonexistent for the team. “Even though we are from different cultures and have different views on the world, I feel like we all complete each other,” Tounalom said. Contact Drew Pierce with comments at




Letter from the Editor

ince 1922, The Ball State Daily News has been committed to providing the campus community with breaking news and accurate, timely information. We value the mission of our department: “stories better told, lives better lived.” However, we did not live up to that mission, nor did we follow our own code of ethics in a printed column on Aug. 30, 2018. Now we are holding ourselves accountable. One of our senior columnists wrote, “Pencil Shavings: Jumping into Puddles,” an opinion piece analyzing the death of 20-year-old Mollie Tibbetts, a University of Iowa student who was first reported missing on July 19. Her body was later found Aug. 21 in a cornfield near her hometown of Brooklyn, Iowa. The column contained a host of errors and The Daily News must correct the record. First, the victim’s name was misspelled. Additionally, the columnist’s assertions of guilt in Tibbetts’ death were grossly premature. Cristhian Bahena Rivera, the suspect authorities have charged with Tibbetts’ murder, has not yet been assigned guilt by a court of law. While he has been accused of the crime, he should not have been labeled “a murderer,” as was done in the piece. As journalists, it is not our job and it is unethical to assign guilt to those who are still innocent. Lastly, the suspect’s resident status was mischaracterized in this piece as authorities continue to investigate. He should not have been labeled an “illegal immigrant.” The Associated Press Stylebook, which journalists use as a guide, dictates that it is incorrect style to use the term “illegal immigrant.” Rather, the columnist should have referred to Rivera as potentially being in the country illegally.

So, how did this happen? How did we allow this column to go to print? It is a question that I have been reflecting on for the past two days. The truth is, we got lazy as a team. The columnist, opinion editor, copy editor, managing editor and myself did not do our jobs. We did not adequately fact-check or question the piece. Daily News reporters and editors are human and we make mistakes. We are using this incident as a learning opportunity. I have had conversations with both the columnist and opinion editor, reflecting on what went wrong, why it’s wrong and how we can fix it. And those conversations of accountability and responsible journalism will continue to happen within our newsroom. Being objective as a journalist is not a state of perfection. Like any other skill, it takes practice and can always be improved. We still want to emphasize that diverse voices and opinions are extremely important and will continue to be featured in The Daily News. We need more people from diverse communities to share their thoughts on the issues that matter most to them. But, those opinions need to be responsibly reported and written. Even though there were multiple editors who handled this opinion before it went to print, I am responsible for the news that is published by The Ball State Daily News and I take that job seriously. I am sorry mistakes were made. This is not the standard we want to keep. We value the trust our readers place in us and that is a relationship we don’t take lightly. We will do better. - Allie Kirkman, Editor-in-chief


We made a mistake S




26 Byte

‘‘Death of a Nation”: The don’t-see film of the summer Trevor Sheffield Byte Reporter “Death of a Nation,” the next film by documentary filmmaker Dinesh D’Souza is a film that’s divisive, almost intentionally so. People who disagree with it will leave the theater angry and insulted by the madness that D’Souza has been given millions of dollars to waste upon multiplex screens across the country. People who do agree with the film will be reaffirmed in their beliefs with nothing to really challenge them, and will perhaps be emboldened to act upon them further. That said, what is the film about? “Death of a Nation “follows D’Souza, acting as the protagonist of the piece, as well as being the director, writer, and co-producer alongside his wife, as he takes a trip through history to prove how modern day Liberals and Democrats are both figuratively and literally the next form of Adolf Hitler’s Nazi regime, how Hitler’s views were actually progressive, and how the successor to President Abraham Lincoln’s position as a disruptive force for good in the White House is ultimately President Donald Trump. In short? It’s basically propaganda, and I will be treating it as such.

Springtime for Hitler and straw man arguments It is virtually impossible to talk about this film in the context of a review without having to bring up the politics involved with and concerning “Death of a Nation’s” overall message and modus operandi, that of which I have already divulged. However, viewing the work and what it is trying to convey from an objective standpoint, it doesn’t change the fact that D’Souza’s conservative sensibilities are cranked up to 11 in this film, coming off as militantly extremist. In any other circumstance, the kind of “passion” D’Souza has for his subject could have lead to an intensely personal piece of cinema that (while pompous and fairly generally unaware) could change the world. Unfortunately, D’Souza is far more interested in repeatedly bashing the audience over the head with a barrage of arguments that IMDB, PHOTO COURTESY

lack any real weight outside of his contrived context. Case in point, is the idea that modern day liberalism in America is the direct descendant of the Third Reich and that Hitler stands among the ranks of modern progressive politicians like Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders. D’Souza elaborates in great detail, through poorly-acted historical reenactments and heavily edited interviews with liberal figures, how Hitler was a progressive because he held progressive views towards things like the economy,

and how he was okay with homosexual men being part of the Nazi party – so long as they “kept it in the closet” so to speak. He explains how fascism is inherently leftist because of the Democratic Party’s prior support for racism and white supremacy, how Antifa are effectively the modern day equivalent of Benito Mussolini’s Black Shirts, a fascist militia group, and most absurdly how Nazi party’s manifesto doesn’t sound too far off from something that Sanders would write…aside from the whole “genocide” thing. D’Souza talks about how President Donald Trump is the second coming of President Abraham Lincoln because he, like Lincoln, is both a Republican who is tearing down the status quo that has settled into the White House. Whereas the slavery that Lincoln encountered was one of physical bondage and white nationalism, D’Souza elaborates that the “modern” form of slavery comes from the “Black ghettos and Mexican barrios” — to slightly paraphrase his own words. He highlights this with footage of tent camps in Oakland, among other areas of economic squalor. Capping it off, he hints at who may truly be behind this, featuring front-lit footage of an actor standing in a suit and looking out of a window in the Oval Office. He is shrouded entirely in shadow and darkness, shot like a Bond villain, and coded in every single visual way to be Barack Obama. Keep in mind that the only time he actually acknowledges a fault in his own position, he handwaves it off as a punchline in comparison to the opposition. “It’s locker room talk, EVERYBODY does that!”

Winter for Poland and good taste Despite the film prominently featuring the fact that one of its’ producers happens to be Gerald R. Molen, whose claim to fame happens to be producing a great number of films in the Steven Spielberg filmography, including Schindler’s List, paradoxically enough, this movie is cheap as the devil. Whilst it is made on a paltry budget of $6 million dollars American, $4 million less than the freaking “Teen Titans Go!” movie, actual portions of the film and some of the statistics it uses actually consist of footage and stats from D’Souza’s prior efforts, barely changed or altered so as to be unique from their original use. The rest of the budget is seemingly dedicated to at times lengthy historical reenactments that serve where footage of D’Souza plodding around Germany and literally standing in Hitler’s footsteps cannot. Going further, the interviews that D’Souza features feel edited and played in a way where it seems like D’Souza is either being reaffirmed in his beliefs, being “enlightened” by how his theses hold up, or showing how he has the upper hand. This is likely due to most of his subjects being scholars or holders of beliefs opposite to his. That is, with the exception of the practically climactic interview of one Richard Spencer. The so-called “face” of the Alt-Right movement awhile nationalist movement and organizer of the infamous Charlottesville, Virginia “Unite the Right” rally, which lead to the death of woman. Aside from the, shall we say “questionable” idea of giving the leader of what some would consider to be the face of a Neo-Nazi movement sweeping the nation a platform to express his views to impressionable moviegoers, this is the only interview where D’Souza ends seemingly even spooked by the beliefs of his subject…yet still cannot help but agree on a few points. Regardless, the film also makes a mistake in line with the rest of D’Souza’s prior work: musical numbers. D’Souza stops the film


dead in the final act for a gaudy clip show of Americana imagery, set to Dinesh’s wife singing “America the Beautiful.” This runs for about four minutes, leading into an extended reenactment lead to imply that standing up to Liberals is standing up to Nazis and ends in somebody getting decapitated by guillotine. This leads to D’Souza repeating his talking points which thenleads into what I can describe as the world’s most stereotypical black gospel choir performing the Battle Hymm of the Republic as the lead singer hams it up and does an obnoxiously bad Mariah Carey impression. In all genuine honesty, I wish I was making this up. …Actually, no. I don’t.

I Cannot Tell a Lie, It Stinks. I could keep going on about this film for ages, but the fact of the matter is that I have nothing positive to say about this film whatsoever. The music is there. The lighting is there. The Party City moustache they got for the Hitler actor is there. The only thing missing from “Death of a Nation” is an awareness for what the arguments it’s making could cause in the real world, let alone a single one of its’ core arguments that doesn’t sink like a boat made from Swiss cheese. Instead of actually using the resources it has to present ideas that are worthy of the cinematic treatment, it instead relies solely on ignoring any arguments against its’ political position, and asking “What about the Democrats?” “What about the Liberals?” “What about the Left?” If I wanted to spend two hours dealing with nothing but misinformed arguments and blatant disregard for truth, sanity, and logic, I’d go to 4Chan. At least that’s free.






Halberstadt: Cardinal to Nickelodeon star After Scott Halberstadt graduated from Ball State in 1999, he tried out for a role on Nickelodeon’s “Drake and Josh.” For 10 years, Halberstadt portrayed Eric in the sitcom, but he also performed in other Nickelodeon and Disney shows including “iCarly,” “All That” and “The Suite Life of Zack and Cody.”


Beneficence Pledge: A Cardinal Promise Every year, all incoming freshmen, transfer students and new faculty must take the Beneficence Pledge, a campus-wide promise that began in 2006. The pledge was written by the Student Rights, Ethics and Standards Committee and resembles pledges that Duke and Vanderbilt already had in place.


3 ‘average joes’ offer ‘fresh, never frozen’ meals with 10-year-old restaurant.

Animal Rights March

Pauleina Brunnemer Reporter At Amazing Joe’s on Wheeling Avenue in Muncie, the unspoken motto is if there’s a spot in the parking lot, there’s a seat inside. For more than 10 years, the Muncie and Columbus communities have enjoyed burgers, steaks, pasta and more, one plate at a time. Before Amazing Joe’s became the restaurant it is today, three “average joes” came together in the early 2000s with

plans to turn their own restaurant dreams into reality. “It started with basically three guys who have worked in the [restaurant] industry before,” said Chad Massoth, the managing partner of Amazing Joe’s. “We just decided to save up some money and kind of get our masters in how to grow a restaurant. We did that for a few years, then we branched out and moved back [to Muncie] to open Amazing Joe’s.”



On Sept. 1, 2018, activists from across the country came together at Monument Circle in Indianapolis to raise awareness for animal rights. Protestors aim to end animal cruelty for human benefit.




AMAZING JOE’S Continued from Page 27

The three business partners decided Muncie was the best place for their original restaurant because they all have Muncie connections — Mike Robinson is from the area, and Massoth and Nick Grams both studied at Ball State. When they got the chance to expand, Columbus, Indiana was their next choice because Grams lives there. Massoth said one goal for the group when opening Amazing Joe’s in Muncie was to find a building they could renovate to include “some of the past and older architecture” within their restaurant. Additionally, customers who regularly visit the restaurant also helped in its creation from the beginning. “[The restaurant’s] building has been here for a long time, maybe over a hundred years,” Massoth said. “It’s been remodeled. Parts of it have been a gas station, a speakeasy. It’s really fun listening to people’s [stories]. ‘Oh I remember when this was a... I used to ride my bike, and get popsicles here in the 40s.’ It’s pretty neat.” Aside from establishing strong relationships with customers, the owners of Amazing Joe’s have also tried to build a family-like atmosphere for employees. Every year, new Ball State students join

Muncie means a lot. We try to treat it like a partnership by doing our part with giving back. The community has responded, and they do a great job. They mean the world to us because without the guests, we wouldn’t be here.” - CHAD MASSOTH, Managing partner of Amazing Joe’s the team, but some staff have been there all 10 years. “I’ve been working there for four years; it’s a lot of fun,” said Audrey Woodins, a server and Ball State student. “It’s all college students, and it sounds clichè, but it’s like one big family.” While working, the staff’s philosophy focuses on the balance between the quality of corporate restaurants and the personality of independent or local restaurants. One way they achieve this balance is by creating many of their dishes in house, meaning meals are prepared when ordered. “The menu is from the highest quality beef we could buy,” Massoth said. “It comes from Chicago, and we treat it right. It’s fresh, never frozen. We hand batter our chicken and fish. We don’t just put stuff in the deep fryer, and say, ‘Hey, that’s it.’ There’s a lot of care in the food that has kept people coming back.” Since the Muncie and Columbus communities have been so supportive of the business, Massoth said they have the funds to expand again to Indianapolis. “We build [each business] slow,” Massoth said. “We typically do everything in cash. We don’t try to overload or overleverage ourselves. We all have kids that are going to school, and now Mike’s two sons work here as managers. It’s all been a really cool thing as it’s developed.” Because the Muncie community has helped make Amazing Joe’s successful, Massoth said they view the relationship as a partnership which they contribute to by serving veterans free meals on Veterans Day and helping with the kick-off lunch at Hearts and Hands United. “Muncie means a lot,” Massoth said. “We try to treat it like a partnership by doing our part with giving back. The community has responded, and they do a great job. They mean the world to us because without the guests, we wouldn’t be here.” Contact Pauleina Brunnemer with comments at pdbrunnemer@ or on Twitter @pauleina15.


Betsy ‘Crocker’ Opyt whips up healthy nut butter options Opyt inspires healthy eating and lifestyles among individuals with her company, Betsy’s Best. Adam Pannel Reporter When it comes to food, “fun” and “flavorful” tend to describe sweets such as the triple chocolate ice cream in the fridge or the toasted coconut chocolate chip cookies baking in the oven. However, Ball State alumna Betsy Opyt hopes to put the “fun” and “flavor” into healthy eating options through her company, Betsy’s Best, with her gourmet nut and seed butter products in Naples, Florida. “At the age of 13, I knew the connection of how nutrition plays a role in your fitness, your overall health and your ability to perform and excel better,” Opyt said. “I knew I was going to be an activist at helping others empower and improve their lives through healthier eating and lifestyle habits.” Opyt’s first steps toward her 13-year-old self’s dream was attending Ball State because of its “strong” dietetics program, where she quickly earned the nickname “Betsy Crocker.” “I was always creating and crafting things in the kitchen,” Opyt said. “I just loved playing around with recipes and seeing how I could make them healthier and just delicious.” After graduating in 1999, Opyt became Miss Indiana in 2000. The Indiana Department of Education funded Opyt’s Miss Indiana platform, “A Healthy Beginning,” to spread her passion for healthy living across the state. Over the course of a year, Opyt traveled to more than 110 schools and educated children between kindergarten and high school about “information that would help them, their bodies and their lifestyles to make them feel better.” Following her time as Miss Indiana, Opyt gained work experience through different dietary jobs in both Indiana and Florida, where she moved with her husband. In 2013, Opyt finally fulfilled her 13-year-old self’s dream by kick-starting her own dietary consulting company, specializing in preventative work to optimize clients’ diets in hopes they would avoid common sicknesses. Betsy’s Best followed later that year after Opyt needed a way to get her 3-year-old daughter to eat nut butters. When it came to the creation of Betsy’s Best, Opyt wasn’t alone. In 2011, she met her business partner, Ron Nordmann, a former 30-year Wall Street employee, when he and his wife contacted her looking for a personal trainer. By the end of 2012, Opyt and Nordmann had created Healthy Concepts Food Co., LLC. Before meeting Opyt, Nordmann said he knew next to nothing about food, but after tasting her nut butters, he said his feelings were “love at first bite.” “I always equated health food with something that tasted like cardboard, but the stuff she brought my wife and I was absolutely delicious,” Nordmann said. In five short years, Opyt has created five different gourmet nut and seed butters which have been tested and approved by family and clients.

Alumna Betsy Opyt stands with the five nut butters she created in five years. Opyt opened Betsy’s Best, her gourmet nut and seed butter company, after her daughter would not eat butters she brought home from the grocery store. BETSY OPYT, PHOTO PROVIDED

Mina Bobel, Opyt’s mother, said she currently has all five flavors sitting on her counter. She also professed her husband’s addiction, and said he has been eating them by the spoonful. “[When you eat the butter,] you say ‘Is this good for you?’ Bobel said. “This tastes too good to be good for you.” In 2013, Opyt set up her first booth at her local farmers market in Naples, Florida, where many customers agreed with her mother and business partner — the butters tasted great. To prepare for the likely sell out, friends and family would pitch in to help fill 200 jars of butter in a church kitchen Friday night. One year later, Opyt approached the Whole Foods regional buyer about a trial period to get her butters on their shelves at the Naples store. After listening to her story, the buyer gave Opyt access to the entire network of Whole Foods stores in Florida. Since then, Opyt said her gourmet nut butters have made their way to many more stores and become the best-selling gourmet butters in Naples, Florida. Opyt hopes to make her gourmet butters more accessible in other grocery shopping outlets across America, expand her brand beyond the production of gourmet nut butters and continue to change people’s minds about what’s “fun” and “flavorful” with her healthy eating products. “With my nut butters, I’m hoping I’m inspiring people to make healthy eating fun,” Opyt said. Contact Adam Pannel with comments at

29 09.06.18



PHOTO OF THE WEEK Think you have an outstanding photograph of Ball State’s campus or the surrounding Muncie area? Send your submission to to be in the running for next week’s photo of the week. Please include your name, grade and major as well as a caption for the submitted photo.

Recreating History

A demonstration of Iwo Jima was held to honor veterans and showcase a variety of model planes at the third annual Warrior Day hosted by the Academy of Model Aeronautics (AMA) Foundation Sept. 1, 2018, at the International Aeromodeling Center (IAC). SUBMITTED BY MADELINE GROSH, SENIOR PHOTOJOURNALISM MAJOR


09.06.18 30

Crossword & Sudoku


ACROSS 1 Seething 6 Jaguar weapons 11 Half a dance 14 Stinger ingredient 15 Superman player Cavill 16 “The Last Jedi” villain Kylo 17 Alpine airs 18 Broken out, in a way 19 Days gone by, in days gone by 20 Capital on the Volga 21 Suppress, as a story 22 Punching tools 23 Suffix with fruct24 Hall of Fame manager Stengel 25 Sal of “Exodus” 26 Waters down 28 Taiwanese PC brand 29 Rita awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom 30 Hankering 32 Depilatory cream 34 Historic span: Abbr. 35 Impediment to creativity ... and each set of puzzle circles 38 Big letters in family-owned supermarkets 40 Troubadour’s strings 41 Uncle __ 42 Codes of conduct 44 Christian with style

46 Venerated one 50 Adorkable types 51 Lets off steam 52 JFK posting 53 “Psych” finale? 54 Is after 55 Field mice 57 Area 51 craft 58 Singer with Lawrence 59 Accept, with “for” 60 Greek org. 61 Lyft passenger 62 Difficult tasks 63 Hosp. parts 64 Mideast bigwigs 65 Will Rogers prop

DOWN 1 Work up 2 Risky proposition 3 Turow biographical title 4 Not working 5 Fleur-de-__: Quebec flag image 6 Poolside chair 7 Debate equipment 8 Get under one’s skin 9 Small songbird 10 Letters on a Qantas baggage tag 11 Like many tees 12 Greek


13 “... et cetera” 14 How some tickets may be sorted 21 Scented pouch 22 Put on 24 Plant in many Road Runner cartoons 25 Dunderhead 27 What Marcie calls Peppermint Patty 29 Distance runners 31 Cultivates 33 Monastic figures 35 Golden State team 36 Christ the __: Rio landmark 37 Crime show with several spinoffs 38 “You obviously can’t depend on me” 39 Fetches 43 Most junk mail 45 Comic book personnel 47 Change symbols, in math 48 Opera with Desdemona 49 Alters with a light touch? 51 48-Down composer 54 “__ told”: “That’s the rumor” 55 Designer Wang 56 Name in boxy cars? 58 Higher ed. test 59 Cardinal’s letters



Continued from Page 08 After the war, almost 10 million military personnel were killed and more than 20 million were injured. A little more than 100,000 Americans were killed. Much of the war fought using trench warfare, where trenches were dug and filled with soldiers on both ends of large spaces of field, creating no-man’s-land in between.

New inventions and weapons like poison gas, tanks and flamethrowers now had the chance to be introduced. According to the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, 4,734,991 Americans served in World War I. The country joined the Allied Powers, which consisted of several countries including England, France, Japan, Italy and Russia, against the Central Powers, which included Germany, Austria-Hungary, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria. Geelhoed said World War I created a movement of faculty members from Indiana State University to the eastern division to offset the shortage of students.




“The shortage of male students at Indiana State created this problem for the president of Indiana State in Terre Haute. He’s got all these faculty members. What is he going to do with them?” Geelhoed said. He said that while faculty members were upset with the move, the Ball family’s numerous contributions to the school and campus, including athletic facilities and women’s dormitories, led the school down a path where it would survive for several years. Statues called the “Spirit of the American Doughboy,” which depicts an American soldier, rifle in hand, commemorate WWI U.S. infantry men. There are 135 statues across 35 states, 11 of them in Indiana, with one in Muncie in Elm Ridge Cemetery. Contact Andrew Harp with comments at or on Twitter @adharp24.


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Group of men leaving for World War I service in front of the Delaware County Courthouse May 22, 1918, in Muncie, Indiana. WWI led to the deaths of almost 10 million people, 100,000 being Americans. DIGITAL MEDIA REPOSITORY PHOTO



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Lincoln School second grade and Junior Red Cross students making “Roger Bean” scrapbooks for World War I soldiers May 31, 1918, in Muncie, Indiana. “Roger Bean” was a comic strip created by Muncie area cartoonist Chic Jackson in the 1910s. DIGITAL MEDIA REPOSITORY PHOTO


LUXURY APARTMENTS 2 B E D R O O M , 2 B AT H A P A R T M E N T S • (317) 281-2918 • 1700 N. Rosewood, Muncie

BSU 09-06-18  

The print edition of The Ball State Daily News for Sept. 6, 2018.

BSU 09-06-18  

The print edition of The Ball State Daily News for Sept. 6, 2018.