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daily herald the Brown

vol. cxxii, no. 102

INSIDE

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Poll: More than half of students get sufficient sleep By Elizabeth Koh Senior Staff Writer

Free printing reinstated for some engineering students

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Dance therapy

Creative Medicine lecture connects dance and therapy

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Old footage Cable Car Cinema showcases “found” footage today

tomorrow

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friday, november 9, 2012

About 65.5 percent of students sleep six to eight hours a night, according to a poll conducted by The Herald last month. Slightly more than a quarter of students p olled said they sleep four to six hours a night, and 7.1 percent reported sleeping at least eight hours nightly. The recommended amount of sleep for young adults is about seven to nine hours a night, according to the National Sleep Foundation. Not getting enough sleep can limit concentration, hinder problem solving, increase aggressiveness and magnify the effects of alcohol. But the amount of sleep each student needs varies, said Mary Carskadon, professor of psychiatry and human behavior. “There’s a range around that,” she

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said. “In general, we feel most students would do better with a little more sleep than they’re getting.” But healthy sleep depends on more than just duration, she said. “It’s not just how much one sleeps that can cause concerns or problems. It’s how regular one’s sleep pattern is.” Carskadon, who specializes in the study of sleep regulatory mechanisms of children through young adults and directs the Sleep for Science Research Lab, said high schoolers’ sleeping schedules often skew more favorably toward the weekends when teenagers wake up late and go to sleep late. But in college, students are “all over the map all through the week,” she said, calling the phenomenon “social jetlag.” “Their body is never really synchronized with the world they live in,” she said. Carskadon’s Sleep for Science study recruits first-years and follows their sleeping habits because / / Sleep page 8 transitioning

On average, how many hours of sleep do you get each weeknight? 0.9% Fewer than 4

0.4% Unsure

26.2% Between 4 and 6

7.1% More than 8

65.5% Between 6 and 8

avery crits-cristoph / herald

Faculty unanimously approves public health school URC opens By Phoebe Draper Senior Staff Writer

The Program in Public Health took a major step toward becoming an officially accredited school as the faculty unanimously approved the school’s formation at their meeting Tuesday. The faculty vote marks “the last of the campus approval steps” in the 12-year effort to establish the school for public health, said Provost Mark Schlissel P’15. Having been unanimously approved by the public health faculty, the Biomedical Faculty Council, the Academic Priorities Committee, the Faculty Executive Committee and the faculty, a school for public health is quickly becoming reality. The proposal awaits the nod from President

Christina Paxson and will go to the Corporation for approval in February 2013. If the Corporation approves the measure, the program in public health will be declared a school and will apply for official accreditation with the Council on Education for Public Health in 2013. The faculty’s unanimous motion to approve the school came as no surprise to Schlissel, who said the proposal had “been through many rounds of discussion and modification” prior to the faculty vote. At the meeting, Terrie Wetle, associate dean of medicine for public health and policy, recounted the groups that had approved the proposal, read the resolution to endorse the proposal and asked faculty members to voice concerns or objections, Schlissel said.

“At this point all the homework had been done,” said Joseph Hogan, professor of biostatistics and director of the graduate biostatistics program. The vote was “really the capstone to what has been a very long process,” he said. A hearty round of applause accompanied the faculty’s vote of approval. Hogan described the unanimous vote as a “vote of confidence” from the faculty. “If there had been major resistance it would have been surprising,” Hogan said. “There were lots of opportunities to raise major objections, and those objections have already been addressed.” Despite the strong display of faculty support, there was still “some anxiety as to whether the proposal would pass” due to structural financial changes accompanying public health’s redesig-

nation, said Orna Intrator, associate professor of health services, policy and practice. Currently, the program in public health’s funding from the National Institutes of Health and from other sources are funneled through the Alpert Medical School, she said. These grants constitute significant financial support — if the public health program were currently an officially accredited school, it would rank between seventh and 11th place in amount of grant money received from the NIH, Intrator said. With the formation of the school and accompanying hierarchical reporting changes, this funding will be transferred from the Med School’s overhead to that of the public health school. / / Health page 6 “It’s always

football

Bears gear up for fight against Dartmouth By jake Comer Sports Editor

Some things get easier with time. The football season is not one of them. Injuries and fatigue settle in, the temperature falls, and most teams’ hopes of a championship whittle down to near inexistence. Wednesday evening found the Bears practicing in wind and snow, laboring under the cold brilliance of the practice field lights, evidently not caring about any of those things. It’s a week like any other, said Head Coach Phil Estes — and besides, the imposing Dartmouth team the Bears (5-3, 2-3 Ivy) will visit on Saturday is used to this sort of weather. The Big Green (5-3, 3-2) hung on to its chance at the conference crown last week at Cornell, dominating the Big Red 44-28. Three interceptions by Cornell quarterback Jeff Mathews

and a fumble by running back Silas Nacita early in the game spelled doom for the Big Red. Dartmouth converted each of those turnovers into a touchdown on the ensuing drives, putting up 490 yards of total offense in the process. The Bears also dished out a beating last weekend, shutting out Yale 20-0 at Brown Stadium. Bruno’s defense rejected every third and fourth down conversion attempt by Yale, holding the Bulldogs to 223 yards of total offense. Freshman quarterback Eric Williams was overwhelmed, throwing for 22 yards and two interceptions. The Bears’ defense, second-best in the league for yards per game allowed, points per game allowed and interceptions, is tried and true, but Dartmouth won’t be easy on them. Running back Dominick Pierre has run for an / / Bears page 9

Jonathan Bateman / Herald

The Bears practiced in the snow Wednesday evening to prepare for their away game against Dartmouth this weekend.

up budget discussion to community By Katherine Cusumano Senior Staff Writer

The University Resources Council held its annual open forum to discuss the budgeting process and how it affects members of the University community Thursday evening. A crowd of staff, students and faculty crowded into Petterutti Lounge to hear Provost Mark Schlissel P’15, chair of the URC, speak about University funding. “We’re actually a very wealthy university,” he said. But budgeting is “a question of making tradeoffs,” he said. The URC begins its budgeting process by examining the current year’s budget and projected revenues from philanthropy, returns on the endowment investment and research funding, he said. The University can count on certain sources of revenue such as research funding, since the government considers it a worthwhile investment to fund, he said. There is an “incontrovertible argument that it fuels the economy in the long run,” he added. The council then considers expenditures — fixed cost increases, prior commitments, salary for faculty and staff and incremental requests from various bodies on campus. For example, Schlissel said this year there has been an increase in crime on the periphery of Brown’s campus, leading to requests for a greater Department of Public Safety presence. Schlissel also cited the Center for the Study of Slav/ / URC page 2


2 campus news

the brown daily herald friday, november 9, 2012

c alendar Today

Nov. 9

4 P.m.

ToMORROW

nov. 10

10 a.m. Bhangra Dance Workshop

Urban Vintage Bazaar

Ashamu Dance Studio

Faunce Multipurpose Room

8 p.m.

5 p.m. Oktoberfest

Women’s Volleyball vs. Harvard

Andrews Dining Hall

Pizzitola Center

menu SHARPE REFECTORY

VERNEy-WOOLLEY DINING HALL

LUNCH Shaved Steak with Mushrooms and Onions, Tuna Noodle Casserole, Vegan Tofu Ravioli, Magic Bars

Breaded Chicken Fingers, Vegetarian Baked Beans, German Sausage Chowder, Magic Bars

DINNER Eggplant Parmesan, Grilled Cilantro Chicken, Corn Cobbetts, Spanish Rice, Pound Cake

Grilled Turkey Burger, Spinach Pie Casserole, Corn on the Cob, Tortellini Italiano, Pound Cake

Sudoku

Crossword

Zein khleif / herald

At the University Resources Committee’s open forum Thursday evening, Provost Mark Schlissel P’15 gave a breakdown of the University’s budget in comparison to its peers.

/ / URC page 1 ery and Justice, for which a building will be constructed, as a potential addition to the budget. All these components go into the URC’s deliberations when crafting their budget recommendation. They make projections and take requests into consideration before submitting recommendations to President Christina Paxson in December or early January. “We sit there and try to read the tea leaves,” Schlissel said. Brown relies heavily on returns from tuition and student fees, especially in comparison to peer institutions, Schlissel said. About 38 percent of this year’s $865 million budget came from tuition, while 15 percent was yielded from the endowment, and 16 percent came from federal research funding. Schlissel gave a presentation featuring statistics from peer institutions such as Princeton, Harvard, Stanford, Columbia, Northwestern, Cornell, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Duke. Brown is “the most dependent of this cohort” on tuition to fund its budget, he said. But in the same peer group, Brown’s tuition is also in the lowest tier — this past year, room, board and fees increased to $55,016, or 3.5 percent, compared to Columbia’s 4.3 percent increase to $58,742. This causes difficulty when balancing the budget, Schlissel said. Brown is further disadvantaged by its endowment. Per student, Brown has a $298,000 endowment, compared to Princeton’s $2.2 million.

This budget then goes primarily toward salary and benefits — 15 percent for faculty and 28 percent for other staff members, Schlissel said. Staff members include administrative, technical, facilities and athletics employees, in addition to Brown Dining Services workers and Campus Life, said Beppie Huidekoper, head of finance and administration. He then fielded questions and comments from attendees. Gregory Chatzinoff ’15, parliamentarian of the Undergraduate Council of Students and the council’s liaison with the Undergraduate Finance Board, asked whether the University has any plans to improve fundraising. Pat Watson, who is currently the

“We sit there and try to read the tea leaves.” Mark Schlissel P’15 Provost and chair of the URC

senior associate vice president of alumni affairs and development at Cornell, will take up the senior vice president for University advancement position at Brown beginning in December, Schlissel said. “We do really well on annual giving,” he added, citing “enormously generous alumni.” But Brown is disadvantaged in its ability to increase the size of its endowment, partly due to its smaller scale as a university. It “defines how much philanthropy we bring in,” he said. Chatzinoff also asked whether

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the University ever cuts programs it deems ineffective. Such a process is ongoing within each department, Schlissel said. During the economic crisis of 2008, the University eliminated around 200 jobs. But 159 of these were voluntary retirements instead of true layoffs, Huidekoper said. In response to a question about the role of inflation in determining faculty and staff salaries, Schlissel compared Brown to a business. “I’m trying to maximize the University’s mission within the confines of a budget,” he said. The University pays what it must “to keep a talented, motivated staff,” to keep them here and productive within a competitive labor market.

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“It isn’t a compassionate answer ­— it’s a real answer,” Schlissel said. Kathy Patenaud, director of undergraduate teaching labs, asked where Brown compares to peer institutions in staff size for the size of the school. Brown is “lean,” Schlissel said. “I think we’re low.” “People work really hard here,” he added. The URC consists of members of University faculty and staff, in addition to two graduate students, a medical student and four undergraduate students. The forum is an integral part of the budget process because it allows the URC “to reach out to our community,” Schlissel said. Schlissel concluded by discussing the impact of the 1 percent return on the endowment this year. There are good years and bad years, he said, and the URC makes projections with the assumption that these average out. Though the URC recommendation might project on the lower end of the typical 4.5 to 5.5 percent range of return this year, there is a distinct lack of certainty. “They really are projections,” Schlissel said. “You do have to have a sense of optimism about the future,” he said.


the brown daily herald friday, november 9, 2012

science & research 3

Medicare policy negatively affects terminally ill By Margaret Farris Contributing Writer

University researchers recently found that a Medicare policy that prevents patients from being reimbursed for simultaneous skilled nursing care and hospice results in unwanted aggressive treatments and hospitalizations at the end of life. The policy prompts patients to choose skilled nursing over hospice because of its lower cost, compromising their quality of care, according to the study. The study, published Oct. 30 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, focused specifically on care given to patients with advanced dementia. Professor of Health Services Policy Susan Miller, lead author of the study, said she has frequently encountered this problem in hospice facilities during her 15 years studying end of life care at Brown. With this study, she “wanted to quantify the effect of the Medicare policy” on patients’ quality of care, she said. She has also always been interested in dementia so these two factors directed the focus of the study. The researchers collected the records of 4,344 nursing home residents with advanced dementia receiving skilled nursing care who passed away in 2006. Of this sample, 1,086 patients received hospice care in addition to skilled nursing care. Patients’ access to hospice greatly affects the kind of care they receive, the study found. But since choosing hospice means giving up skilled nursing care and thus paying for the entire cost of nursing home stays, many families select skilled nursing over hospice. Medicare pays for room and board for skilled nursing care, but the hospice benefit does not. The study found that patients who received hospice either during or after skilled nursing care were far less likely to die in a hospital than people who did not receive hospice. Patients who received hospice also received fewer feeding tubes, IV fluids and occupational or physical therapy. Miller said she expected to find

the result of fewer hospitalizations and less aggressive treatments for patients receiving hospice care, but she was surprised by the study’s finding about persistent pain — the study found that patients who received hospice after stays in skilled nursing facilities were just as likely to experience persistent pain as patients without hospice. But patients that received simultaneous skilled nursing care and hospice were 65 percent more likely to experience pain. Miller acknowledged that this result in part could be “an artifact of our experimental design.” Susan Allen, professor of health services, policy and practice, said the study is “really well done scientifically.” Allen credited the authors’ extensive amount of experience in this subject area. Allen was most interested to learn that people who receive skilled care still greatly benefit from hospice. This research “adds to a body of knowledge on the benefits of hospice care,” she said. The federal government will investigate this issue under the Medicare Hospice Concurrent Care demonstration project, according to a University press release. Whether the results of this study will influence Medicare policy is unclear, Miller and Allen said. “It takes a lot to change policy,” Allen said. It requires a “substantial body of evidence, you need more than one study to prove cost savings.” Miller added that “the government may be hesitant to address this issue due to the cost of simultaneous treatments.” “If insurance companies find that it does reduce costs, it could be changed, but if costs are higher then probably not,” he said. “Everybody knows somebody with dementia — it’s very important for people to be advocates,” Miller said. Miller stressed the importance of family involvement in their relatives’ care to avoid burdening them with unnecessary treatments.

emily gilbert / herald

The School of Engineering has modified its limited printing policy in the Barus and Holley computer lab, which was implemented earlier this year. Most engineers now receive 20 free pages a week.

Expanded printing reinstated for engineers By Yvette Rodriguez Contributing Writer

The School of Engineering implemented a 20-page-per-week printing quota for most of its students Wednesday. The new policy comes after students objected to the revoking of more extensive printing privileges for concentrators this semester, said David Mycue, the school’s director of information technology. When the school announced its new policy at the beginning of the semester, student representatives met with Lawrence Larson, dean

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of the School of Engineering, and other school officials to express their concerns, Larson said. Declared engineering concentrators and sophomores enrolled in core engineering classes can now enjoy 20 free pages per week, he said. “In retrospect, we should have better communicated the change before we implemented the ideas,” Mycue said. Following the meeting, Mycue also conducted a survey of engineering students in order to determine the peak times at which computer labs are used so that “resources can be deployed in the most efficient manner,” he said. Students have responded posi-

tively to the new quota. Engineering student Jenna Norton ’15 said that in the spirit of compromise, even a 10-page quota per week would suffice. “Students have gotten to participate and are being listened to,” she said. Larson said that he and other engineering officials have spoken with faculty to try to decrease color printing demands for lab reports, which would help minimize expenses. The “faculty has been understanding of both students and the need to decrease printing costs,” Larson said, adding that faculty members have agreed color printing is not always necessary.


4 science & research Crystal Cat Vintage takes JWW By Caitlin dorman BlogDailyHerald contributor

There are really cool clothes in J. Walter Wilson! I don’t know about you, but every time I see hamster jackets and high end designer bags on sale, I get a little bit excited. After gradu-

News from Blog Daily Herald blogdailyherald.com ating from Brown this past January, Chloe Swirsky ’11.5 founded Crystal Cat on Etsy, an online shopping platform for vintage and handmade items. These clothes are both fashionforward — or backward, depending on how you look at vintage apparel — and consumer-friendly. Don’t worry, no musty grandpa cardigans here. (If you want those, check out what Macklemore has to say). Chloe sells high quality winter coats, scarves, bags and shoes, ranging between $30 and $60. You might be thinking, “But Caitlin, everything at Salvation Army is under $10, why don’t you just go there?” Well, these clothes don’t smell bad, and they’re way trendier than

anything you could find at Salvation Army. Let’s go over some more reasons why you should support Chloe Swirsky besides the fact that she will infinitely enhance your wardrobe: a) She went to Brown… Duh! b) She’s done something cool and personalized with what she studied here. Chloe majored in computer science and economics, but she was also deeply involved in researching the science behind how people make decisions. Yes, my fellow CLPS victims, you heard that right — making decisions! She did an independent study under none other than The Man: Dr. Steven Sloman. Anyone who’s had Professor Sloman knows that no matter how poorly you do on those quizzes or how infrequently you open that textbook, he’s still a boss. A year ago, Chloe was a student just like us, loving art and fashion while studying the science of consumer marketing, and now she has her own business. Newsflash! This is how we fix the economy, people, by starting up small businesses — love your job and get paid! c) Mad props to Chloe for transforming what is often considered an irresponsible hobby into a selfsustaining career. It just goes to show that shopaholics can in fact be intelli-

gent (hope you’re reading this, Mom). You can pry my shoes off my dead body, cows! Now for the kicker! For the next three days Chloe will be setting up shop from early afternoon until 5 p.m. in JWW, and if you donate any old, ratty pair of shoes, she’ll give you a 30 percent discount redeemable at the stand or at her store on Etsy! What is she going to do with all these gross shoes? They get donated to ShoeboxRecycling, an organization that gives the shoes to the needy and donates 50 cents per pound of shoes to the animals over at Potbelly Manor. Potbelly Manor, based in Kingston, R.I., rescues farm animals that would otherwise be euthanized and provides them with temporary or permanent homes. Chloe has been involved with Potbelly Manor for some time now and wants to extend a hand after they sustained serious damage from Superstorm Sandy. As if things couldn’t get any more adorable, Potbelly Manor brings animals to visit underprivileged children at local schools, and they even rescue llamas and bunnies. Check out Crystal Cat Vintage at the pop-up showroom in JWW this week or, if you can’t make it, check Chloe out online at Etsy or at Crystal Cat Vintage on Facebook.

Science & resear ch r oundup

the brown daily herald friday, november 9, 2012

by c ar oline saine senior staff writer

Study finds factors can reduce alcohol disorder Attentive parenting can reduce the risk of alcohol use disorder among teenagers and can overcome genetic predispositions to the disease, according to a study published yesterday in the journal Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. In 2010, Robert Miranda Jr., associate professor of psychiatry and human behavior at the Alpert Medical School, along with a team of researchers, discovered a predisposition to AUD among teenagers with the G allele of the A118G SNP of the OPRM1 gene, according to a University press release. The new study examined a variety of environmental factors, including the influence of parents and peers, to investigate their bearing on the incidence of AUD. Miranda and his team discovered that high parental involvement and low exposure to deviant peers were able to negate the effects of the genetic difference among teenagers genetically predisposed to AUD. The team interviewed 104 European-Americans from the ages of 12 to 19 for the study, collecting cheek swabs to determine genomic DNA. The study, Miranda told the journal, suggests that environmental factors can have a large protective impact but requires more research to examine the findings within a larger sample.

Fifteen U. faculty named to mathematical society Fifteen University faculty members were named to the Fellows of the American Mathematical Society this year, the society announced last week. AMS fellows are elected for significant contributions to mathematics, including “creation, exposition, advancement, communication and utilization” of the field, according to the AMS website. From the Division of Applied Mathematics, Constantine Dafermos, Wendell Fleming, Stuart Geman, John Mallet-Paret, Donald McClure, David Mumford, Chi-Wang Shu and Walter Strauss were elected. Fellows from the Mathematics Department include Thomas Goodwillie, Thomas Banchoff, Stephen Lichtenbaum, Hee Oh, Jill Pipher, Joseph Silverman and John Wermer. The duties of AMS fellows include taking part in the election of new fellows, presenting a “public face” of excellence in mathematics and advising the president and/or the Council concerning public matters, according to the AMS website, while the program aims to support excellent mathematicians, as well as to increase the presence of mathematicians in leadership positions in society.

Prof’s lab wins genomics contest Associate Professor of Biology William Fairbrother and members of his lab collaborated with researchers led by Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston to win the national CLARITY genomics contest this year, Bio-IT World reported. The winning team was awarded $15,000 in prize money. More than 20 teams competed in the contest, analyzing the genomes of three families in an attempt to identify the gene mutations that were causing disease in children in each of the families. Fairbrother’s team identified two splicing mutations in the titin gene, Fairbrother said. Splicing, the process in which superfluous portions are removed from genetic material prior to the synthesis of proteins, can be disrupted when gene mutations prevent proper editing of RNA. The discovery contributed to the diagnosis of Adam Foye, who suffers from a rare neuromuscular disorder called centronuclear myopathy, Fairbrother said. The team investigated whether the mutations in Adam’s genes could cause defects in the splicing of the gene using “Spliceman,” an algorithm originally developed in the Fairbrother lab. In March, The Herald reported that Spliceman can efficiently analyze the many possible variances of the splicing process. “Spliceman calculates how likely these mutations are to disrupt splicing through a statistical model,” Kian Huat Lim GS told The Herald in March.

www.browndailyherald.com


the brown daily herald friday, november 9, 2012

science & research 5

Talk explores value of dance therapy for Parkinson’s patients By Phoebe Draper Senior Staff Writer

Forty people bobbed their heads and swung their feet to “Don’t Worry, Be Happy” as the second installment of the Creative Medicine Series kicked off last night. The lecture and interactive workshop, “Artists and Scientists as Partners: Dance, Music and Neuroscience,” focused on the power of dance as a therapeutic tool for individuals diagnosed with Parkinson’s Disease and Autism Spectrum Disorders. The Creative Medicine Series is the result of a collaboration between the Cogut Center for the Humanities, the Creative Arts Council and the Department of Emergency Medicine at Alpert Medical School. “Are we ready to move our hips?” lecturer Rachel Balaban asked the diverse crowd of students, dancers, Parkinson’s patients and doctors as the audience loosened up. Balaban is the regional coordinator for Dance for Parkinson’s Disease, a program that teaches dance to individuals with Parkinson’s. “Dance classes help Parkinson’s patients to regain some of the fluidity and ease of movement they once took for granted,” Balaban said, citing improved stability, reduction in tremor and a greater sense of social inclusion as some of the program’s main benefits to participants with neurodegenerative disorders. Balaban was joined by Julie Adams Strandberg, professor of theater arts and performance studies, who spoke to art’s intrinsic value and its use as a therapeutic tool. “Dance as an art form should be part of everyone’s life, not just the elite few,” Strandberg said. “Too often when someone is diagnosed with a disease, art is removed from their lives.” Start dancing ASaP Balaban and Strandberg joined forces last summer and founded a research and advocacy group called Artists and Scientists as Partners, a program that seeks to implement the arts into treatment of neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s. ASaP seeks to build mutual understanding and respect between artists and scientists, advocates arts therapy and provides support to physicians wanting to incorporate the arts into patients’ healing processes, Strandberg said. Strandberg and Balaban created an independent study course to recruit undergraduates to help with their mission. Four students came on board this semester, analyzing studies about the impact of dance on Parkinson’s patients and exploring how these methods of healing can be incorporated into standard medical treatments. The students summarized their conclusions at Wednesday’s lecture. Past Parkinson’s research has focused primarily on the disease’s origins and development of biomedical treatments, Cameron Donald ’14 said. Parkinson’s is caused by the degeneration of midbrain neurons and results in decreased production of the vital neurotransmitter dopamine. The lack of dopamine affects the patient’s motor skills as well as emotional health, Donald said. The

effect of dance as a rehabilitative tool to combat the disease’s symptoms of tremors, rigidity and depression is a relatively new but promising research arena, he added. Gaining acceptance At the lecture, Jenny Seri ’14 summarized the results of a 12-month study comparing the motor skills and emotional health of 52 Parkinson’s patients enrolled in a biweekly Argentinian tango class. “At 12 months, they found the tango group was walking at a faster speed and a longer distance” and exhibited improvements in balance compared to the control group, Seri said. But the majority of studies completed on this topic are plagued with small sample sizes and non-standardized study populations, Donald said. While small improvements in motor skill can be measured quantitatively, the true value of dance treatment for Parkinson’s patients is qualitative, Seri said. “The friendship and camaraderie has been my favorite part of the dance class,” said Pat, a Parkinson’s patient who has been taking a weekly dance class from Balaban at the Newport YMCA during the past year but declined to give her last name. “The physical data doesn’t accurately convey how people actually feel about dance,” Seri said. “The challenge is how to translate the dance treatment experience into a form that is acceptable to the biomedical community.” Balaban said the effort to incorporate dance into the treatment process has met some resistance. “There’s still not an acceptance, and that’s really the foundation for what we’re doing,” she said. ASaP attempts to tackle some of the “big questions in art-based research and how to apply those results to the world of medicine and numbers,” said Jay Baruch, assistant

dipesh chawla / herald

The lecture “Artists and Scientists as Partners: Dance, Music and Neuroscience” began the second installment of the Creative Medicine Series, emphasizing the power of dance as a therapeutic tool. professor of emergency medicine and founder of the Creative Medicine Series. “They are taking a scientifically rigorous approach to art … and working to show measurable outcomes.” The undergraduate collaborators plan to apply for a summer Undergraduate and Teaching Research Award in which they would develop the curriculum for a course they would assist in next fall, delving into the challenge of communicating arts-based research, said Alisa Currimjee ’14. Coming out “I’m hoping that today’s presenta-

tion is the beginning of something,” Baruch said. “It’s time to explore how innovative ways of thinking can be incorporated and adapted and breathe new life into the very complex active care of patients.” “This was our coming out party,” Balaban said of the lecture, which offered the opportunity for ASaP to showcase and raise awareness of its work. Baruch said he hopes the lecture provides a platform for individuals interested in the intersection of art and science, “increasing collaboration, stimulating conversation” and preventing “siloing” of efforts in the

emerging field. The Creative Medicine Series “brings people with different skill sets and different conceptions of the body to meet in this place,” Baruch said. “The goal is not just having a conversation, but getting people to think of projects and tangible products that can move the field forward.” While the intersection of neuroscience and dance may be just coming into focus, the field offers much promise, Balaban said. “When people with Parkinson’s engage in the artistic world, they are surrounded by possibility, not limitation,” she said.


6 arts & culture

the brown daily herald friday, november 9, 2012

Lecturer explores cross-cultural film and visual art By andrew smyth contributing writer

Considering subjects as diverse as Turkish space exploration and women who wear wigs, cinema and visual art provided a vehicle for cross-cultural dialogue at the hand of artist and filmmaker Kutlug Ataman in his lecture Tuesday night at the Perry and Marty Granoff Center for the Creative Arts. The event included remarks from Ataman in addition to an excerpt from his most recent feature film, “Journey to the Moon,” presenting a portrait of an artist who is constantly testing the boundaries of filmmaking and contemporary art. Ataman fled Istanbul at the age of 18 during the military coup of 1980 and fled to Los Angeles, where he began studying film at the University of California at Los Angeles. He completed his masters in 1988, after which he studied at the Sorbonne in Paris, worked at Warner Music Group and Disney and served as a personal assistant to Prince. “Eventually I went back to Turkey,” he said. “I thought that I should go back to my own culture and create there.” He rose to prominence in international film circles with his first feature, “Serpent’s Tale,” which sets a story of violence and intrigue in a decaying neighborhood of his native Istanbul. He has since made three more feature films. Ataman is also well known among high art establishments. His work is

in the permanent collections of the Museum of Modern Art and the Tate Gallery, and he has given major international exhibitions including the Venice Biennale. In 2004, he was the recipient of the Carnegie Prize and a nominee for the Turner Prize. Straddling these two worlds is not something Ataman ever intended, he said. “I went to San Paolo, and coincidentally the Biennale was taking place, so I remember walking around … and thinking ‘Oh I could do this,’” he said. “It was really a very unconscious entrance into the art realm.” Chira Delsesto, assistant director of the Creative Arts Council, cited this genre-bending body of work as a topic of special interest at the Granoff Center. “We try to highlight interdisciplinary work, and Kutlug really is a groundbreaker,” she said. “He really blends the lines between media.” The CAC was able to bring Ataman to Brown through a connection at the Sperone Westwater gallery in New York, where he is currently exhibiting a show called “Mesopotamian Dramaturgies,” she added. The audience was treated to a 20-minute excerpt of “Journey to the Moon,” a mockumentary that presents the story of a village in Eastern Turkey that tries to go to the moon in the year 1957 as a factual retelling. To legitimate this imagined history, he filmed unscripted interviews with real Turkish academics, including a so-

evan thomas / herald

Artist and filmmaker Kutlug Ataman spoke about his multicultural experiences in Istanbul, France and the United States in his lecture Tuesday night at the Perry and Marty Granoff Center for the Creative Arts. ciologist, a physicist and even a food historian, who improvised plausible supporting details. “With the right evidence, from people who are from positions of authority, suddenly it becomes real,” he said. The film alternates between the standard, talking-head style of documentary and a series of black-andwhite stills — supposedly uncovered photographic evidence — over which a voice-over provides narrative content.

The juxtaposition of these two styles is disconcerting at first, but after a few minutes of adjustment the story telling becomes quite fluid, distorting our understanding of authority and mythologizing the past. Later in the program, Ataman jokingly offered some perspective on the American election, the results of which several audience members nervously monitored on their smartphones. “I wouldn’t vote for Romney, but then

/ / Health page 1 about the money,” Intrator said. This change could also have a negative effect on the rankings of the medical school, Schlissel previously told The Herald. The formation of the school “is on one hand exciting,” Intrator said. “And on the other hand there is trepidation.” While Intrator and others voice support but advocate caution in proceeding with the school’s formation, the faculty’s approval is “the realization of a vision we have had for quite some time,” Hogan said, crediting the work of Vincent Mor, a long-serving chair of the community health department, and Wetle, who took over the public health program’s reigns in 2000. “Fox Wetle deserves a lot of credit for really carrying the ball over the goal line,” Hogan said. The program in public health underwent major structural changes in 2011, establishing four unique internal departments to fit national accreditation guidelines, Hogan said. The four departments are biostatistics, epidemiology, behavioral and social sciences and health services, policy and practice. This organizational change in preparation for the transition to a school “confers disciplinary identity” for programs such as biostatistics, avoids the “amorphous” identity of the public health program and allows public health disciplines “to get on the map, both internally and externally of the University,” Hogan said. “The change will be good for the identity of public health,” said Christopher Kahler, professor and department chair of behavior and social sciences. “It gives us standing with other peer institutions whose public health programs are housed within a school,”

again I am fascinated by people who genuinely believe in certain causes,” he said. “As an artist, I am fascinated by people.” The audience, some of whom hailed from Turkey, reacted to the film in highly personal ways. “I enjoyed the film quite a lot,” said Eda Soylu, a senior from Turkey in the painting department at the Rhode Island School of Design. “It was well thought out, very honest and very true.”

he said. On campus, the school’s establishment will “open doors to future collaboration” between public health faculty members, the Med School and myriad other disciplinary departments, Kahler said. The new school will function as a recruiting magnet for public health faculty members at outstanding health schools around the country and world, Hogan said. In the past, public health’s program status has functioned as a recruiting impediment because “people worry their discipline will not be appreciated,” he added. The school will also attract grad students who “have public health explicably in their career sights,” Hogan said, adding that the school “expands the range of students we’ll be able to go after.” How the school will interact with the undergraduate body is less clear. Kahler said he thought the change would make the community health concentration and coursework more attractive to undergraduates, lending visibility to available five-year public health master’s programs. Katherine DeAngelis ’13, who is working toward a master’s degree in public health, said the change would attract more students to the “constantly growing” community health major. “I think that people are really beginning to recognize that public heath and prevention of disease is the forward-thinking way,” DeAngelis said. And public health’s transition to a school aligns well with the ethos of Brown, Hogan said. “This is a noble undertaking consistent with Brown’s philosophy and DNA,” Hogan said. With public health bridging the divide between scientific research and social application, he said, “it’s the natural direction for Brown to go.”


arts & culture 7

the brown daily herald friday, november 9, 2012

/ / Business page 12

Nick prueher / herald

Cable Car Cinema’s Found Footage Festival showcased a collection of short films, ranging from a documentary on ferrets to footage of an exotic dancer performing for senior citizens.

Festival brings laughs through old videos By emmajean Holley Contributing Writer

On the vintage vinyl cushions of the Cable Car Cinema Monday, the appreciative howls of the Found Footage Festival’s laughing audience confirmed the age-old adage: someone’s trash is another’s treasure. The Found Footage Festival is a patchwork of the often unflattering past of film, as seen through the merciless lens of the present. To the contemporary viewer, it’s a bit like the television show Tosh.0 except that it showcases old videos from 30 or 40 years ago. For those who grew up in the 1980s, it’s “Mystery Science Theater 3000” with an ironic twist of modernity. This year’s program featured a collection of outrageous footage with a reservoir of colorful, often psychotic characters, including a woman who expressed her passion for craft sponging through guttural noises of pleasure, a documentary on raising ferrets in which enthusiastic owners warned of their penchant for theft and the uncontrollable aim of their anal glands and a scantily-clad exotic dancer who performed for horrified senior citizens with a chicken down his thong. The collection commenced with an “opening act” of found classroom films from the 1960s and 1970s. This montage featured an industrial training video that employed comic uses of fake gore and an instructional video on masturbation with the “production quality of a terrorist video,” as quipped in the introduction by Joe Pickett, one of the curators of the event. When a frumpy teacher recited the many synonyms for genitalia in order to instruct a class of disabled adults on the colorful spectrum of terminology at their disposal, the audience recited it along with her. The festival has been featured on National Public Radio and critically acclaimed in the New York Times, Los Angeles Times, San Francisco Chronicle and the Chicago Tribune, said Nick Prueher, the other curator. It can also be viewed biweekly through

the Onion’s A.V. Club, and in Picket and Prueher’s new book, “VHS: Absurd, Odd and Ridiculous Relics from the Videotape Era.” Both wisecrackers hosted the screening in person while providing their own lacerating commentary on their uncovered gems. Pickett and Prueher began collecting found videotapes in 1991 after stumbling across a training video entitled, “Inside and Outside Custodial Duties,” at a McDonald’s in their home state of Wisconsin. Since then years of sifting through thrift stores and garage sales has lent them an extensive reservoir of moronic VHS tapes, bizarre relics of a simpler, and seemingly stupider, time. Prueher admitted there are the occasional downsides to what appears to be a faultless career track. “It takes a really long time to lock yourself in your apartment and sit through a bunch of really bad TV,” he said. “The hardest part is wanting to fast forward through parts of it — but right when you’re about lose hope, that’s usually when you come across something incredible, something so bad it’s pure gold. You want to share it with people.” Prueher said that it is this desire to share this experience and impart amplified reactions of shock and disgust, which pays off for the countless hours of “mindless tedium.” “I’ve found that even though the audiences are always a little different, the reactions are usually about the same,” he said. “I think on some very basic level, people relish the indecency of every taboo being broken and every boundary line being crossed. Hell, if we didn’t show some full frontal nudity at least every production, I think they’d actually be disappointed.” The process of putting together compilations in the most strikingly offensive way possible is “mostly a product of trial and error,” Prueher said. He described his strategy as starting with “a bang, and gradually amping up” to the more wild, the more vulgar and outrageous. “Then, right when they’re already gasping for air

— bam! That’s when you unleash the penises,” he said. Indeed, the audience reacted overwhelmingly favorably to the production. “I can’t remember the last time I’ve laughed so hard,” said Judith Clark, another audience member. It is this positive reinforcement and praise that makes the months of searching, editing and producing worthwhile, Prueher said. “We actually get paid to be professional smartasses. What could be better?”

uate students or junior and seniors, with basic coursework and internship experience already under their belt. The program will be integrated into their curriculum, such that each student will take courses geared specifically towards this project, rather than participating in it as an extracurricular. Examples of the courses taught are “Historic Preservation Planning,” “Small Business Institute” and “Crime Prevention.” According to Gibbs, the RWU students will be working alongside the non-profit organization Stop Wasting Abandoned Property, Inc., which already has a city grant in Providence. The program, which has already begun, is divided into three phases. The first phase is focused on identifying immediate projects that could move forward fairly quickly, according to Robinson. “The business school’s working, for instance, with the Stadium Theatre and the city (of Woonsocket) to expand the economic impacts of cultural and artistic events that take place downtown,” Robinson said. The second phase, which is scheduled to begin in spring 2013, will involve “working with local communities to identify their goals for projects they want to do,” he said. CPC’s goal during this phase is to fit the needs of individual business owners with specific programs at RWU, making plans for the long-term. Phase three will help to ensure the longevity of the program. The nature of the partnership is not something “where we’re there for one class, we’re there for one semester, and then we go home,” Robinson said. Rather, the idea is to keep the program going for many years to come.

For the first year the EDC has agreed to fund Roger Williams with up to $54,000. This value was based on a preliminary budget, but could be changed if necessary Chafee said it was important to take advantage of the institutions of higher education in the state. “By engaging our educational institutions, we can begin to more actively utilize the skills and expertise of the excellent educational institutions within Rhode Island and also tap into the bright minds of our students for the good of the state’s economy,” he said during the meeting. He also mentioned an interest in revitalizing Pawtucket, Central Falls and West Warwick, in addition to Providence and Woonsocket. The pilot cities were carefully selected. “We went to the two communities where we could see a very strong fit with our program, and a very real need for us to help out,” Robinson said. Both Providence and Woonsocket already had “well-evolved plans” which worked out well with the university’s programs. But there are possibilities for the program to expand in the near future. “Come next June, or maybe even before that, we’ll begin to look at other projects and other communities,” Gibbs said. “But we want to stay within the core communities, because that’s been the focus of Governor Chafee.” Similar partnerships could also potentially be made with other universities, Gibbs said. Paul McGreevy, director of the department of business regulation, said the decision to team up with RWU has broad implications. “That’s an important piece in the larger strategy of improving the partnerships that EDC will have that can help in the economic development area.”


8 science & research Higher ed ne ws r oundup

the brown daily herald friday, november 9, 2012

by alexa pugh senior staff writer

Yale names provost new president Yale named Peter Salovey, the college’s current provost and a psychology scholar, its president-elect Thursday after a three-month search process. Salovey began his career at Yale 30 years ago as a graduate student, before becoming a professor and working his way up the administration ranks as a department chair and dean. In the scholarly community, Salovey is known for his work on emotional intelligence, which describes how people identify and use their emotions. During his time as a professor, Salovey gained a reputation among students as being approachable and affable, qualities colleagues said he will bring to his role as president, the New York Times reported. Accessibility will also be a main theme during the course of his presidency, Salovey told the New York Times, though he has yet to outline a specific agenda. But online education and building projects will be the largest challenges facing Salovey, current President Richard Levin told the New York Times. Levin will retire at the end of this year after 20 years at the school. Salovey will begin his role as president June 30.

University of Mississippi students riot in wake of election results Two University of Mississippi students were arrested Wednesday for disorderly conduct, and others shouted racial epithets during a protest of President Obama’s re-election, the New York Times reported. The rumor that students were rioting spread on Twitter when 30 to 40 students began protesting when Obama was predicted the winner. Conversation continued on the social media site, and the crowd reached 400 by midnight on Tuesday, according to the Times. The school recently banned “Dixie” as its unofficial fight song and replaced its Confederate soldier mascot with a black bear following accusations of racial insensitivity. University officials expressed disappointment in students actions and told the New York Times that campus police will be investigating the matter.

California voters elect to raise taxes California voted by a wide margin in Tuesday’s election to raise taxes in order to avoid nearly $6 billion in automatic spending cuts to public schools and universities. California Gov. Jerry Brown has campaigned heavily in support of the measure, Proposition 30, which had an eight-point percentage lead as of Wednesday morning, according to the San Francisco Chronicle. As a result, income taxes for the state’s highest earners will increase for the next seven years, and the state’s sales tax will go up by one penny for every $4 starting Jan. 1, the Chronicle reported. Experts estimate the changes to generate $6 billion in revenue, which will help California to climb out of a fiscal swamp. Voters chose Prop. 30 over Prop. 38, which looked to generate $10 billion in tax revenue every year for the next 12 years by increasing the income tax rate for nearly all California residents. Prop. 30 will also send more revenue to public schools than the other measure, which was rejected by 72 percent of voters, the Chronicle reported.

Elizabeth KOH / Herald

As part of her Sleep for Science study, Professor of Psychiatry and Human Behavior Mary Carskadon organizes a “spit-in,” where she produces student volunteers’ melatonin levels in a dimly-lit room.

/ / Sleep page 1 to college can be a disruptive experience, Carskadon said. In a recent paper, Carskadon reported that students with parent-imposed bedtimes when younger tended to have healthier sleep cycles than college students who never had set bedtimes. Poll results indicated a correlation between demographic factors like athletic status, class year and financial aid. Athletes were twice as likely as non-athletes to report getting more than eight hours of sleep per night, with 12.6 percent of athletes reporting this amount. About 68.9 percent of athletes reported sleeping six to eight hours a night, compared to 65.1 percent of non-athletes. “If I know I have practice, I know I have to get something done before practice,” said rugby player Janelle Watson-Daniels ’14, who reported sleeping about eight hours a night. “People who don’t have practice will just chill all day and look up and have to stay up all night.” But some athletes said they felt they got less sleep than the statistics suggested. “I never go to sleep early enough, even before lift, to get the same amount of sleep I normally would,” said Charlotte McGoldrick ’14, a member of the equestrian team. Mc-

Goldrick reported sleeping about six to seven hours a night. “Athletes are so busy because they have practice in the morning and have practice in the afternoons, so they’re doing work later than other people, and they still go out,” she added. Upperclassmen were also likely to get more sleep, which some students attributed to better time management skills. “Every night I plan out my schedule for the next day, and I do it hour by hour,” Watson-Daniels said. “I feel most people waste a lot of time, and that’s why they don’t have good sleep skills.” Students not on financial aid were also twice as likely as aided students to get more than eight hours of sleep a night, according to The Herald’s poll. About 9.3 percent of students not on aid reported sleeping at least eight hours a night to aided students’ 4.5 percent. About 67.9 percent of non-aided students reported sleeping six to eight hours a night, as opposed to 62.5 percent of aided students. “If someone’s on a lot of financial aid, it could correlate with pressure from home to do well and work harder,” said Rebecca Levy ’16, who said she does not receive financial aid. “But in people I’ve seen, I don’t know if that actually applies.” Students also had mixed perceptions about differences in sleeping schedules among different concentrations. “I know people who don’t sleep for days (in the sciences),” said Wat-

son-Daniels, a physics concentrator. But the humanities lend themselves to more all-nighters, she said. “They have papers that they wait until the last minute to write, as opposed to a problem set,” she added. “You have to start when you get it. Otherwise, you just won’t finish it.” “I think people’s first reaction would be, ‘Oh, they’re humanities students, of course they get more sleep, they don’t have as much work,’ but I don’t think that’s true at all,” said Elaine Nguyen ’15. “Humanities students have a lot more papers, whereas science students have a lot more lab reports.” But students said their sleeping schedules depended on more than just their academic schedules. “It depends on the work I have, and most of the time the reason I sleep late is because of procrastination,” said Thanin Kovitchindachai ’16. “I fiddle around on Facebook and listen to music and read before I go to sleep.” Methodology Written questionnaires were administered to 959 undergraduates October 17-18 in the lobby of J. Walter Wilson and the Stephen Robert ‘62 Campus Center during the day and the Sciences Library at night. The poll has a 2.9 percent margin of error with 95 percent confidence. The margin of error is 4.3 percent for students receiving financial aid, 4.0 percent for students not receiving financial aid, 9.0 percent for varsity athletes and 3.1 percent for non-athletes.

See full poll results at thebdh.org/poll


sports friday 9

the brown daily herald friday, november 9, 2012

/ / Bears page 1 average of nearly 100 yards and a touchdown per game, and secondstring quarterback Dalyn Williams carried for 96 yards and a touchdown of his own last week. Starting quarterback Alex Park, fourth in the conference for passing yards per game, may remain on the sidelines Saturday with an injury. “It’s their strength against our strength,” Estes said. “We do a good job in stopping the run.” “It’s just a matter of doing our jobs and stepping on the field and making the plays we need to make,” said cornerback and co-captain AJ Cruz ’13. “Tackling is going to be big — we’ve got to make sure we wrap up,” he added. On the other side of the ball, the Bears have not been so reliable. While quarterback Patrick Donnelly ’13 remains third in the league for passing yards and touchdowns, his squad is third from the bottom in points and overall yards. Bruno has managed to score three touchdowns in a single game only once since September. That struggle to put points on the board is an indicator of where injuries have been hitting the Bears hardest. Bruno’s top five running backs have all been hurt this season, leaving only two of them — Cody Taulbee ’14 and Jeffrey Izon ’13 — healthy enough to rush against Yale. The duo rushed for a combined 91 yards on 18 carries. “It’s hard to have consistency when you have so many injuries. But we’re getting there,” Estes said. Building a sound rushing game would take some of the onus off Donnelly to move the offense forward, he added, but it would be easier with senior tailbacks Spiro Theodhosi ’13 and Mark Kachmer ’13 on the field.

/ / Knicks page 12 bumped the Bucks up 14 spots to No. 4 in the nation. What didn’t feel as good was watching the Celtics get picked apart every which way and seeing no significant production from Jason Terry or Jeff Green. I expect the team to find their defensive intensity and offensive efficiency as the season continues and the team learns to integrate all of its new players, but if the Thunder ever offered a redo on that Perkins trade, I’d take it in a heartbeat. As for the rest of the league, I think the Dallas Mavericks are the real feelgood story of the year. Without Dirk Nowitzki for the next few weeks, this team was on the bubble in terms of

Picks from Ivy League Sports Writers The Brown Daily Herald Princeton vs. Yale Total Votes Princeton: 5 Yale: 1

Harvard vs. Penn Total Votes Harvard: 6 Penn: 0

Cornell vs. Columbia Total Votes Cornell: 5 Columbia: 1

Brown vs. Dartmouth Total Votes Brown: 2 Dartmouth: 4 Editors/Writers

Columbia Daily Spectator

The Cornell Daily Sun

The Daily Pennsylvanian

The Daily Princetonian

The Dartmouth

Princeton. “The Bulldogs are going nowhere against the Tigers’ defense, and they’re no match for Connor Michelsen and his crew when the ball switches hands.”

Princeton. “Yale has played poorly all season long, and Princeton should easily be able to handle the Bulldogs. “

Princeton. “Princeton won’t lose three in a row.”

Yale. “If Yale’s defense can stop Princeton’s no-huddle offense the way Penn did last week, the Bulldogs will get the win.”

Princeton. “Good QBs have picked apart Princeton this season -- but Yale doesn’t exactly have that this season.”

Princeton. “Princeton is finally on the upswing, while Yale is going through turbulent times.”

Harvard. “The absurd numbers from last week’s shellacking of Columbia may be skewing our perception, but the Crimson seems to keep getting better and better. Especially, the Quaker defense won’t be able to keep up. “

Harvard. “After watching Harvard play in person last week, I don’t see any way they’re losing another game. And with Penn’s inconsistent play this year, this one could get ugly fast. “

Harvard. “Harvard is determined to repeat as champs and this is the biggest game yet.”

Harvard. “Penn needs a miracle to beat Harvard, and I don’t have much confidence they’ll get a miracle Saturday at Franklin Field.”

Harvard. “Things went a little differently than planned, but Harvard will clinch the Ivy title this weekend after all.”

Harvard. “The best team should win this one.”

Cornell. “They’re right next to each other in the standings, but it won’t be that close. Featuring the weakest pair of defenses in the league, this will be a shootout between a high-scoring offense and a low-scoring offense. The Big Red is the former.”

Cornell. “After getting blown out 69-0, it can’t get much worse for Columbia. The Lions should at least score this week against a poor Cornell defense, but Jeff Mathews should light up the scoreboard. “

Cornell. “Cornell has struggled on the road, but they can’t possibly lose to Columbia or else the program will be in a worse place than it thought.”

Columbia. “Call me crazy for picking Columbia after being blanked 69-0 by Harvard, but Cornell has been a disappointment this season, and I can’t pick them again.”

Cornell. “We all saw Columbia’s score last week, right?”

Cornell. “Cornell’s offense overpowers the Lions.”

Dartmouth. “The Bears’ defense won’t carry them through this one. Dartmouth has what it takes to throw Bruno’s offense into disarray, and the Big Green can put points on the board.”

Brown. “This one is a toss up, but I’ll go with Brown to pull off the mild upset on the road. “

Dartmouth. “Dartmouth’s offense is clicking with Pierre and Dayln Williams.”

Brown. “Does anyone care about this game? Go Bears.”

Dartmouth. “Without much of a feel for this game, I’ll take the home team.”

Dartmouth. “On senior day, Dartmouth comes out firing and never slows down. Dartmouth 24-Brown 10.”

Jake Comer and Lindor Qunaj

Myles Simmons

Quintin Schwab

Megan Soisson

Kevin Whitaker

Brett Drucker and Noah Reichblum

55% (11/20)

50% (10/20)

56% (10/18)

55% (11/20)

55% (11/20)

Pick Accuracy 45% (9/20) Both are out for the remainder of the season. “To have a Theodhosi and to have a Kachmer and that kind of consistency in your backfield goes a long way. I think the biggest thing the team misses is the personalities that you lose when you lose really good players like that,” Estes said. Bruno’s bruised offense will line

playoff aspirations. But it seems like someone steps up to hit it out of the park every game. Jae Crowder, their second round pick, is putting on a series of eff-you performances for every team that passed on him during the draft and is potentially the second coming of Kenneth Faried, who is the second coming of Ben Wallace (you could probably insert an Antonio Cromartie joke somewhere in here). Like the Knicks, the Mavs will have trouble getting Chris Kaman to continue shooting 70 percent or keeping Vince Carter from stabbing another city in the heart, but when a team makes a 27-year-old’s NBA dreams come true after serving six years in Iraq, you just can’t say anything bad. Stay classy, Dallas.

up against a Big Green defense that allows a respectable average of 323 yards and just over 20 points per game. Donnelly said the offense will look to take advantage of potential big plays. “They’re pretty aggressive in their defensive secondary, so if they give you a chance to take a shot, you have

to capitalize on it,” he said. But Estes emphasized that the Bears’ challenges will start on their own side of the line. “I don’t think we played our best game yet. I don’t think we played our best game as a team, and I think this is where we’ve got to put it together,” he said. “And that’s why you go out on a day like today to say it’s not going

comic Join the Club | Simon Henriques

to be about the weather.” Whatever the climate in Hanover Saturday, the game will feature two teams playing for somewhat different reasons. For Dartmouth, the potential of an Ivy championship is still on the line. For the Bears, Estes said, “I think it’ll do for us to go up there and create some havoc for them.


10 diamonds & coal Diamonds & Coal

the brown daily herald friday, november 9, 2012

Editorial cartoon b y s a m r o s e n f e l d

Coal to the Nor’easter Athena that blew into Providence Wednesday night, causing several power outages around campus and coating the city in its first snow of the season. We deserve better from something named after the Greek goddess of courage and wisdom. Cubic zirconia to the wrestler Jack “The Snake” Roberts, who said, “To me, wrestling is like having sex.” That’s funny, because to us, having sex is like wrestling. Coal to the Johnson and Wales student who said of his peers at the Providence culinary school, “Pastry people are not that nice in general. There’s definitely a lot of backstabbing and throwing people under the bus.” Sounds like we really need to confiscate the knives down there before someone gets hurt. A diamond to Nick Prueher, curator of the Cable Car Cinema’s Found Footage Festival, who said,“We actually get paid to be professional smartasses. What could be better?” Judging from the feedback we got after updating our current position on LinkedIn to “professional smartass,” absolutely nothing. A diamond to Vinayak Bharadwaj, the Cape Town native who said of American politics, “It’s like one of those awful deals where you buy one get one free. You buy Romney, you get the Republican Party free.” Unsolicited comments about rape are also free. Cubic zirconia to the junior who called the legalization of marijuana in Washington and Colorado “the most exciting part of this election for me.” We can guess how you celebrated. Coal to physics demonstrator Gerald Zani, who said he was able to procure a “very expensive” photon multiplier tool after asking the company that manufactures it “if they could make an academic donation.” When we tried that with Antonio’s, they were far less generous. A diamond to each of the nearly 13 percent of students who said in a Herald poll that they were less happy than their peers. Buck up, guys — take a trip to the SciLi basement around midnight on any given night, and you’ll feel a whole lot better. Cubic zirconia to Brown History Professor Michael Vorenberg, who said of tallying his second New Yorker caption contest win this October, “I don’t want to play down the contest, but I’m not putting it in my list of great achievements.” That’s right, you wouldn’t want to hurt your street cred.

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U. must follow Unity College’s lead To the Editor: In the midst of all the excitement regarding the election, there was another announcement Wednesday that many people missed — Maine’s Unity College just became the first college in the nation to divest from the fossil fuel industry. Unity College is proving that colleges and

universities can lead the way to a more sustainable future. Brown cannot be left out of this monumental change taking place. It is time for us to follow Unity’s example by divesting from the coal industry’s Filthy Fifteen. Jahmour Givans ’16

Correc tion An article in last Wednesday’s Herald (“Extinct mathematics dept. leaves traces around U.,” Oct. 31) incorrectly stated that the Egyptology and Ancient Western Asian studies department has a track called “The Exact Sciences in Antiquity” and one graduate student. The department has eleven graduate students, one of whom is in the “Exact Sciences in Antiquity” track. The article also incorrectly stated that David Pingree was the second and last chair of the department. He was the last chair of the department but not the second. The Herald regrets the errors.

quote of the day

“Then, right when they’re already gasping for air – bam! That’s when you unleash the penises.” — Found Footage Festival Co-Curator Nick Prueher See festival on page 7.

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opinions 11

the brown daily herald friday, november 9, 2012

Throwing a bone to finance alex drechsler Opinions Columnist

Coming into the 2012 elections, Republican nominee Mitt Romney most likely expected his success to be one of his strongest assets. He probably did not expect that his experience would one day become part of his greatest vulnerability, wrapped up in an ill-judged statement about the “47 percent” and the ideological aftermath of the 2008 financial meltdown. While I disagree with critiques of Romney’s wealth — and frankly I’m surprised that money is suddenly an issue — what is significantly more disturbing is the increasingly harsh characterization of the finance industry. It is nearly a daily occurrence that I hear students or professors at Brown write off investment bankers and private equity investors as either unnecessary or destructive to the economic system. A Herald article by Cara Newlon ’14.5 (“Let’s get personal”) offers a stark example of such remarks. “Financial trickery” is the sole source of investment banker’s money in the author’s mind. She places the blame for the economic crisis on their doorsteps. She even goes so far as to draw a contrast between those who made money through “shady financial dealings” and those who made money by “creating valuable products” — the latter being the only legitimate means of gaining wealth. Though the author’s concerns about Romney’s fit for president are appropriate questions to pose, these statements show a lack of un-

derstanding and appreciation for the centrality of the financial world in global material success. Ms. Newlon is unfortunately far from alone in her opinions. Her statements represent the opinions of Americans across the country and even some of the most intelligent here on campus. To have a genuine discussion about the ideal role of finance in the American economic system, it is important to first clear the air about finance. I’m here to tell you that investment banking is more than fi-

Private equity firms, while playing a much smaller role in the financial industry than investment banks, also allow growth and innovation. Private equity firms directly invest money in struggling companies. While the policies private equity firms impose on these companies may not be ideal, they are necessary to save the company from a much worse fate: complete failure. While we may disagree about the structure of these financial institutions, the

I’m here to tell you that global material success — from the iPhone in your pocket to the house your parents live in — depends on the financial world just as much as they depend on Steve Jobs and KB Homes.

nancial trickery and that private equity is more than shady financial dealings. Global material success — from the iPhone in your pocket to the house your parents live in — depends on the financial industry as much as it depends on Steve Jobs and KB Home. I might even slip in the fact that investment bankers did not single-handedly bring down the United States economy in 2008. Investment bankers match those who want to borrow funds with those who have excess funds to loan out. A potential company might have a fantastic idea for a new product, but without capital, this company cannot invest in producing its idea. Without investment bankers providing this capital, innovation and economic growth would come to a severe and dramatic halt.

functions that they perform are not financial trickery. They are central to economic development because they support innovation. Also their roles extend beyond the simple examples above. They are an integral part of the modern economy. This brings me to my final point — the causes of the financial crisis. One of the major reasons for the economic downturn was the bubble that developed in the real estate market, driven by the increasingly complex and risky ways of securitizing mortgages. This securitization was in part driven by a flood of credit both domestically and internationally, which drove down interest rates and caused banks to take outsized risks. The financial services industry is not free from blame for the financial crisis.

Desire for increased profits drove these institutions to create extremely complex securities backed by bad loans and extreme amounts of leverage. It is far too simplistic to blame the financial crisis exclusively on bankers. This securitization was, in part, driven by political leaders’ decision to prioritize increased home ownership. This required subprime lending — making loans to borrowers who are less likely to pay back their mortgages in a timely fashion. Subprime mortgages, though, were far more risky than their traditional “prime” counterparts, making them less attractive both to banks and institutional investors. Complex securitization allowed banks to spread the risk incurred by lending to subprime customers. This freed subprime mortgage lenders from responsibility for the entirety of these risks — spurring them to invest. Subprime lending thus came hand in hand with complex securitization. This contributed to the real estate bubble, to increased institutional risk, to increased security complexity and ultimately to the financial crisis after these mortgages ultimately turned sour. It is imperative that we as a nation have a conversation about the role of finance in post-crisis America. But this conversation must be free of purely ideological, baseless attacks. Instead, the conversation must occur within a nuanced and multifaceted understanding of the truly important role that the financial world plays in the economic and material development that we all desire for the country. Alex Drechsler ’15 is all about the Benjamins. He would love to be reached at alex_drechsler@brown.edu.

How to default on the University arms race Claire Gianotti Opinions Columnist

In 1880 Lincoln Field was just a swamp. Over 130 years later, Augustus has conquered it, and it is now central to our campus, serving thousands of students every year. Brown is growing and always has been. Just in the next few years, for instance, the University will continue to creep its way up Thayer Street. Growth seems to be the trend in higher education today. Universities try to attract the best students and academics with infrastructure and funding. It makes us want in. But it also excludes many who simply don’t have the money to afford to live in a playground of privilege. Few would dare say Brown’s strengths lie in its physical infrastructure. There are many parts of Brown that desperately need a facelift, and the University’s initiative to make dormitories more livable is long overdue. But it doesn’t have to engage in the University arms race that has resulted in oases of living and learning popping up along either coast. Brown’s mission is not to be the shiniest Ivy League. Face it guys — we don’t have the endowment to run for that title. Brown’s mission statement states that we exist to “serve the community, the nation and the world by discovering, commu-

nicating and preserving knowledge and understanding in a spirit of free inquiry.” When trying to improve our school, President Christina Paxson and the Corporation should stay true to that core mission and focus less on physical growth. Brown can’t just opt out of the arms race of elite institutions today if it is to continue to be regarded as one of the best universities in this country. Brown must evolve to meet the needs of the 21st century, but it should not do so by pursuing projects that lead solely to luxury and prestige.

ter for the Creative Arts. Beautiful facilities and an aesthetically pleasing campus do make me proud to be here. But are they integral to Brown’s core mission? Absolutely not. Paxson spent most of her inauguration speech defending the importance of a liberal arts education over a pre-professional one, even in these economically dire times. She is right. But Brown’s educational ideals cannot overshadow the economic necessity of many recent graduates of private schools, more and more of whom are de-

Brown should create a capital campaign to subsidize a Brown education. In her inaugural address President Paxson said that since its inception, this University has embodied vision and independence. “Brown may sit atop a steep hill, but this is no ivory tower,” she said. If Brown wants to make headway among its elite peers in some way, I will tell you right now how we can make Brown even more competitive than it already is: Make a Brown education more affordable while still retaining the integrity of its educational values and its core mission. Brown should create a capital campaign to subsidize a Brown education. Many of us applied to a Brown that didn’t have a Stephen Robert ’62 Campus Center or a Marty and Perry Granoff Cen-

faulting on their student loans. But higher education in this country doesn’t have to be so expensive. Gail Collins, a New York Times columnist, warned, “Parents, if your kid is planning to take out student loans, you might want to avoid any college where the dorm rooms are nicer than your house.” The shinier college campuses get, the more prohibitive they will be to those who cannot pay their high cost. This model is unsustainable if Brown wants to continue to be an institution that educates the best and brightest students who will in turn become valuable assets to their communities. This problem may lie with those who make the University’s financial decisions

— the Corporation. It is this body’s job to, among other things, set “budget and tuition fees” and establish “policy and strategic plans.” The Corporation is well equipped for the task of development. But there is a fundamental problem with allowing the Corporation to define the vision for Brown’s future. The problem is not that the Corporation is populated with members who have had successful careers. It is that the Corporation may be infusing the University with values that focus on growth and profit. Growth is a means to an end. Those ends have not yet been defined under Paxson’s leadership. But I urge the president and her advisers to default on the University arms race. Do not aim to enhance students’ quality of life to an extent that we won’t be able to replicate for years after our graduation. Especially don’t do so just to compete with our peer institutions. We can accuse the Corporation of being out of touch. If we make our University a palace, by virtue of our time here, Brown students will become pretty out of touch, too. I’m not saying that Brown students don’t deserve the best — we do. But sometimes the best doesn’t come in the form of treadmills with personal televisions. Maybe the best is something different. Paxson is prepared to ask alums to invest in Brown’s future. Why can’t incoming students ask Brown to invest in theirs? Claire Gianotti ’13 can be reached at claire_gianotti@brown.edu.


daily herald sports friday the Brown

friday, november 9, 2012

Aging Knicks Norocea ’14 minds the inches exceed expectations athlete of the week

By Tom Shaw Contributing Writer

This will be another NBA column, but first, Doug “Muscle Hamster” Martin earned his way into today’s sports page after rushing for 251 yards and four touchdowns (along with four catches for 21 yards, you PPR nuts) against Oakland last Sunday. If this guy doesn’t decide to “Shaq it” and spends his offseason training instead of releasing rap albums and bad great movies about a genie that lives in a boombox, he’s going to be a legend. Now on to business. Last week, I didn’t give the New York Knicks much of a chance for the season. With a roster more likely to suit up for the Old Country Buffet than for a professional basketball team, the Knicks looked like they were trying to copy all the bad parts of Celtics teams of the recent past. (Relying on 39-year-old big men with bad knees is a great idea!) And while Ray Felton is still likely to spend more time at Fatburger than on the court, it looks like having an average age of over 31 will get you a 3–0 record to start the year. As with preseason games, you can’t really trust the sample size, but the Knicks are doing great things this far into the season. They’re leading the league in defensive rating and shooting lights-out. But like any sane basketball fan that lives outside of Manhattan, I don’t think it’s go-

Jonathan bateman / herald

Alex Norocea ‘14, kicker for the men’s football team, has scored on 31 out of 45 career field goal attempts. In Bruno’s game against Yale Saturday, Norocea scored the 12th longest field goal kick in University history. By James Blum Sports Staff Writer

Al Pacino’s character in “Any Given Sunday” emphatically reminds his players that football is a game of inches. No player knows this so well as the kicker who is often called on to score valuable points and even to win games. An inch in one direction or another can be the difference between a winning field goal and a painful loss. Fortunately for the Bears, Alex Norocea ’14 keeps careful track of his inches, having scored on 31-of-45 career field goal attempts. In Saturday’s 20-0 win over Yale, Norocea was 2-for-2 in field goals, one of which was the 12th longest kick in University history at 46 yards. Norocea was also named the Ivy League Special Teams Player of the Week for the fourth time in his career. In light of his impressive performance, Norocea has been named The Herald’s Athlete of the Week. Herald: What are you concentrating in and why? Norocea: I’m concentrating in Business, Entrepreneurship and Organizations, and I felt it was the most applicable major. I felt like it gave me the best opportunities to go into whatever I wanted after college. When did you first start playing football?

I first started kicking my freshman year of high school. And so you started as a kicker — you were never any other position? I played as running back my freshman year but I wasn’t very good in it. They tried to make me quit because I wasn’t very big. But I switched over from soccer pretty much my junior and senior year. I started taking football more seriously. How did you settle on coming to Brown to kick? I always wanted to go to Brown because I did the Summer@Brown program between my sophomore and junior year … so when I found out that they wanted me to kick for them, I knew I had to come. How does it feel to be named Ivy League Special Teams Player of the Week? It’s great … I’m always just really happy that I could help out that week and that I get some recognition. What are your goals for senior year? For senior year, I want to get an Ivy League Championship most of all. We’ve gotten second my freshman and sophomore year and we’re hopefully going to win out, beat Dartmouth and Columbia and so we’ll probably get

upper-middle again. So I just really want the Ivy League Championship and then hopefully just do the best I can to become all-Ivy again. Do you have any role models that are professional athletes or otherwise? I’m not sure — that’s a hard question. Can I come back to that one? I want to think about it. Ratty or V-Dub and why? V-Dub. I can make this chicken quesadilla with this wrap at the salad bar, and I put Thousand Island dressing and the chicken in it, and it’s the best thing there. Are you a member of Thete? Yeah, I’m the first kicker to join Thete in like 15 years. What’s your favorite part of being in the fraternity? Just being able to walk up to any room on any of the three floors and be able to hang out because everyone in the whole building is your friend — you know everyone. Any thoughts on the inspiration question? My favorite soccer player is Clint Dempsey. He always works extremely hard and always does his best to win. So one of my favorite athletes is definitely Clint Dempsey.

ing to last. Injuries will change the way any team looks, especially when your key defensive contributors are all over 30. Just look at this year’s Indiana Pacers, who, after almost overcoming the Heat in last spring’s playoffs, are contemplating a fire sale after Danny Granger went down with a bad knee. (I just couldn’t resist throwing a Hicks vs. Knicks comparison in here.) Carmelo Anthony and Tyson Chandler are the lone bright spots on this New York team, and while I always have a “Need for Sheed,” I also recall him stumbling up the court in Game 7 of the 2010 Finals against the Lakers like an overly abused Ford Pinto. Iman Shumpert is still out for at least another month, Amar’e is busy fighting inanimate objects, and do you really want to trust J.R. Smith with the ball? On the opposite end of the spectrum are the Boston Celtics. While I still have them pegged as a top playoff team, they have crawled out of the gates to a 2–2 start with those two wins coming from brutally close contests over an abysmal Wizards team. (At least we’re not 1–4! Kobe, tell me how my ass taste!) One of those losses also came at the hands of the Milwaukee Bucks, which I pegged last week as a team that would do surprisingly well. While there were plenty of doubters among readers, ball don’t lie and neither do ESPN power rankings, which / / Knicks page 9

Partnership aims to revitalize local businesses By Bruno ZucColo contributing writer

The Rhode Island Economic Development Corporation and the Roger Williams University Community Partnership Center have teamed up with the goal of revitalizing and improving businesses in Providence and Woonsocket. The partnership, officially announced two weeks ago in a meeting between Gov. Lincoln Chafee ’75 P’14, the two city mayors and the president of the university, will bring together RWU students and small business owners on the main streets of both cities in order to help increase business and exposure. In Providence, the efforts will be focused on the businesses along Broad Street in the Elmwood and South Providence neighborhoods. “Our small businesses are the backbone of our economy, providing jobs for residents, services and goods for the community and quality of life to our neighborhoods,” said Providence Mayor Angel Taveras during the meeting. “This program — the first of its kind in Rhode Island — will give students hands-on learning experience while supporting the hard work of these small businesses.” The idea of the program is to help small business owners expand, while

city & state

also providing RWU students with a chance to apply classroom knowledge in real-world situations. Arnold Robinson, director of the Community Partnerships Center at RWU, said the partnership came about after the university heard that Chafee was meeting with a group from the EDC to support the main streets of Rhode Island. The CPC offered to help because “we do have a lot of areas that mesh really nicely with the strategic objectives that the state talked about,” Robinson said. The first goal of the program is “to do real community good, which has been identified as a need,” he said. The second goal is “to increase the sort of breadth and depth of the educational experience that our students get,” he added. “Every community is different, the needs are different and the courses that might engage in it have different methods of approaching that,” he said, noting the importance of adapting to individual scenarios. Armeather Gibbs, managing director of urban finance and business development at the EDC, also stressed the focus on the listening to the people. “This partnership is being driven from the community level,” she said. “The community tells us, or tells Roger Williams, what their interest is.” The participating students are mostly grad/ / Business page 7


Friday, November 9, 2012