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vol. cxlv, no. 1 | Monday, April 5, 2010 | Serving the community daily since 1891

Amid layoffs, salary freeze to be lifted

Rhode Island sees record rain, flooding

By Alex Bell Senior Staff Writer

Though the University announced approximately 60 staff layoffs about two weeks ago, the freeze on faculty and staff salaries will be lifted next year in order to keep Brown competitive with its peers. Next fiscal year’s budget, approved by the Corporation at its February meeting, includes a 4 percent increase in the pool of funds for faculty salaries and a 3 percent increase in the pool for continuing staff salaries. Each individual’s salary increase may be more or less than these percentages because compensation is determined based on merit. The increases are necessary “to address recent loss of ground in faculty salaries” and “a somewhat lesser rate of loss of competitive ground for non-faculty salaries,” according to President Ruth Simmons’ e-mail to the Brown community following the continued on page 4

Little damage to campus buildings By Heeyoung Min Senior Staff Writer

President Ruth Simmons’ approval rating has not significantly changed since last semester, despite recent publicity about her past tenure on the Board of Directors of Goldman Sachs, according to a Herald poll con-

THE HERALD POLL

inside

ducted last month. Of the students polled, 77.5 percent said they approve of the way Simmons is handling her job, while only 6.2 percent said they disapprove. Simmons’ announcement in February that she was stepping down from Goldman’s board made national headlines. She told The Herald before the decision that she did not believe criticism about the firm’s compensation practices would affect the University’s reputation, though it “could funnel” to her. The Herald poll was conducted on March 22 and 23 and has a 3.5 percent margin of error with 95 percent confidence. A total of 714 Brown undergraduates completed the poll, which The Herald administered as a written questionnaire to students in

News.....1–5 Arts.......6–7 Sports.....8–9 Editorial....10 Opinion.....11 Today........12

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Tenure and Faculty Development Policies. The committee’s recommendations also included standardizing the tenure review process across departments, strengthening mentoring and feedback for junior faculty and restructuring continued on page 4

continued on page 5

Nick Sinnott-Armstrong / Herald

Prospective students flooded the admission office with 31,136 applications for the class of 2014.

9.3 percent acceptance rate for 2014 By Miriam Furst Staff Writer

At 5 p.m. Thursday evening, Brown released decisions online for thousands of anxious high school students across the globe — bringing the number of admitted students to 2,804, or 9.3 percent of the record-breaking 30,136 students who applied, according to a University press release.

The prospective members of the class of 2014 include students from all 50 states and 81 countries, according to the press release. University administrators expect to enroll about 1,485 in the incoming first-year class in the fall, after a highly competitive admissions cycle that saw a 21 percent increase in applicants compared to last year. “We were deeply impressed and

Herald poll: Simmons’ approval rate steady By Ana Alvarez Senior Staff Writer

Record flooding hit Rhode Island last week after heavy rains, but it caused only minor damage to University buildings. The Department of Facilities Management received nearly 200 service calls last week during Rhode Island’s worst flooding in 200 years, but “there were no severe damages” to University facilities, said Director of Custodial Services Donna Butler. Butler, who began preparing to clean up after the storm several days before it hit, described the rain as the “biggest test” she has encountered during the 10 years she has worked for Custodial Services. The flood was also “the best test” of her office’s equipment, resources and emergency response, she said. “If there’s another flood, now we know we’re ready,” she said. President Barack Obama issued an emergency declaration for the flooddamaged state, which authorized the Federal Emergency Management Agency to coordinate all relief efforts. The federal government will be picking up 75 percent of the clean-up tab, according to a March 30 White House press release. The record rainfall is another setback for the economically struggling state, whose 12.7 percent unemployment rate is the third highest in the country, trailing Michigan and Nevada, according to a March 26 report

at times awed by the candidates we were privileged to review over these many months, and we are grateful for the opportunity to get to know so many inspirational and promising students from across this nation and around the world,” said Dean of Admission Jim Miller ’73 in the press release. continued on page 2

Committee proposes changes to tenure policy

the lobby of J. Walter Wilson during the day and in the Sciences Library at night. More than two-thirds of students, 68.8 percent, said they feel confident about their or their families’ ability to pay for their Brown education, almost 10 percent more than in last semester’s poll. But more than 10 percent of students responded that they were very worried, similar to last semester’s results. The poll found that significantly more men, at 43.8 percent, feel very confident about the ability to pay than women, at 28.4 percent. Support for the Undergraduate Council of Students remained stable from past semesters, with 48.6 percent approving. Only 8.0 percent said they disapprove of the council, but 43.3 percent of those polled said they did not know or had no answer. Slightly more students, 52.4 percent to 43.5 percent, approved the elimination of dining hall tableslips in favor of centralized announcements, a recent proposal by UCS. Upperclassmen responded significantly more favorably to the removal, with 58.9 percent approving. Only 47.1

By Nicole Friedman News Editor

The maximum probationary period before a faculty member is either promoted with tenure or dismissed should be increased to eight years, according to recommendations in a report released March 25 by the ad hoc Committee to Review

IN THE NET

Jonathan Bateman / Herald

The Bears battled Dartmouth’s Big Green on Saturday afternoon, eventually losing 9-7.

continued on page 2

News, 3

Arts, 6

Opinions, 11

police powers RISD students react to a bill that would give officers the power of arrest

join the band Brunonians with a musical inclination work together and go solo

DC TEa Party William Tomasko ’13 on the capital’s taxation without representation

195 Angell Street, Providence, Rhode Island

herald@browndailyherald.com


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THE BROWN DAILY HERALD

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Monday, April 5, 2010

“We were deeply impressed and at times awed.” — Jim Miller ’73, dean of admission

Poll: Almost 80 percent of students approve of concert picks continued from page 1 percent of freshmen and sophomores said they approved. The poll also found that a large majority of students, 79.7 percent, approve of Brown Concert Agency’s choices to play at this year’s Spring Weekend. Though men and women approved of the selection of musical acts in about equal numbers, a significantly higher percentage of men responded that they strongly approve than women. While 49.0 percent of men said they strongly approve of this year’s performers, which include Snoop Dogg and MGMT, only 35.6 percent of women said the same. According to the poll results, 56.1 percent of students have worked for pay this semester. Of those, the plurality — 12.6 percent of the total sample — have done so for an average of more than six and less than or equal to nine hours per week. Among non-freshmen, 62.8 percent reported working for pay this semester, while only 37.0 percent of freshmen polled said the same. The majority of students, 56.9 percent, have utilized the Career Development Center this past semester. Most continued on page 3

Poll Results 1. Do you approve or disapprove of the way Ruth Simmons is handling her job as president of Brown? Strongly approve: 37.7% Somewhat approve: 39.8% Somewhat disapprove: 4.5% Strongly disapprove: 1.7% Don’t know / No answer: 16.4% 2. Do you approve or disapprove of the way the Undergraduate Council of Students (UCS) is handling its job? Strongly approve: 9.8% Somewhat approve: 38.8% Somewhat disapprove: 6.4% Strongly disapprove: 1.6% Don’t know / No answer: 43.3% 3. Would you approve or disapprove of eliminating dining hall tableslips in favor of centralized announcements, either elsewhere on campus or on the Internet? Strongly approve: 27.3% Somewhat approve: 25.1% Somewhat disapprove: 25.6%

Strongly disapprove: 17.9% Don’t know / No answer: 4.1% 4. How often this semester have you used resources or services — including drop-in hours and events — provided by the Career Development Center either online or in person? 0 times: 41.9% 1-2 times: 38.0% 3-4 times: 12.5% 5-6 times: 4.2% 7 or more times: 2.2% Don’t know / No answer: 1.3% 5. What is your current relationship status? Single: 59.4% In an exclusive relationship: 33.6% In a non-exclusive relationship: 3.4% Engaged or married: 0.4% Other: 1.5% Don’t know / No answer: 1.7%

6. On average, how many hours per week have you worked for pay this semester?

Brown, how physically attractive or unattractive do you consider yourself?

0 hours: 42.3% More than 0, less than or equal to 3 hours: 7.4% More than 3, less than or equal to 6 hours: 11.9% More than 6, less than or equal to 9 hours: 12.6% More than 9, less than or equal to 12 hours: 9.9% More than 12, less than or equal to 15 hours: 4.8% More than 15 hours: 9.5% Don’t know / No answer: 1.5%

Ver y attractive: 15.1% Somewhat attractive: 57.1% Somewhat unattractive: 8.8% Ver y unattractive: 1.5% Don’t know / No answer: 17.4% 9. Do you approve or disapprove of Brown Concert Agency’s choices to play at Spring Weekend: Snoop Dogg, MGMT, Major Lazer, the Black Keys and Wale? Strongly approve: 42.4% Somewhat approve: 37.3% Somewhat disapprove: 9.7% Strongly disapprove: 2.7% Don’t know / No answer: 8.0%

7. How confident or worried are you about your or your family’s ability to finance your Brown education?

10. How important or unimportant is religion in your life?

Ver y confident: 36.4% Somewhat confident: 32.4% Somewhat worried: 18.8% Ver y worried: 10.2% Don’t know / No answer: 2.2%

Ver y important: 18.1% Somewhat important: 26.2% Somewhat unimportant: 17.2% Ver y unimportant: 33.5% Don’t know / No answer: 5.0%

8. Compared to your peers at

U. releases admission decisions to over 30,000 applications continued from page 1 Chance Craig, an admitted student and senior at Marvell High School in Marvell, Ark., has not visited Brown yet, but said he is excited to attend A Day on College Hill in April. “I applied to nine schools, and

that’s a lot for where I’m from because nobody has ever gone to an Ivy League school,” he said. “It’s a big thing that I got in. It’s crazy.” Another admitted student, John King from North Haven High School in North Haven, Conn., also applied to nine colleges — but in his school,

sudoku

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Editorial Phone: 401.351.3372 | Business Phone: 401.351.3260 George Miller, President Claire Kiely, Vice President

Katie Koh, Treasurer Chaz Kelsh, Secretary

The Brown Daily Herald (USPS 067.740) is an independent newspaper serving the Brown University community daily since 1891. It is published Monday through Friday during the academic year, excluding vacations, once during Commencement, once during Orientation and once in July by The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. Single copy free for each member of the community. POSTMASTER please send corrections to P.O. Box 2538, Providence, RI 02906. Periodicals postage paid at Providence, R.I. Offices are located at 195 Angell St., Providence, R.I. E-mail herald@browndailyherald.com. World Wide Web: http://www.browndailyherald.com. Subscription prices: $319 one year daily, $139 one semester daily. Copyright 2010 by The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. All rights reserved.

many seniors are admitted to selective universities, he said. “By the end of sophomore year, through junior year, people got really competitive about colleges,” King said. Throughout the school day Thursday, seniors were anxious about their impending admissions decisions, King said. “My friends and I kept looking at the clock in school, and a lot of my friends were just on the computer right away when they got home, even though the decisions weren’t going to be up for a while,” he added. While both Craig and King are excited about their acceptances, they said they are not entirely sure whether they will choose Brown. Sohum Chatterjee ’14, an early decision admit from Calcutta, India, couldn’t visit schools in the U.S. but said he was initially attracted to the opportunities for interdisciplinary study at Brown. “I really wanted a blend of the humanities and the natural sciences, which my country’s system simply doesn’t offer,” Chatterjee said. Chatterjee also attributed his interest in Brown to interacting with a Brown alum who graduated from his high school and told him about the unique campus culture. Michelle Migliori ’14 took a less conventional route to College Hill. An applicant for the class of 2013, she was waitlisted and later offered a spot in this year’s incoming class. Migliori is a Providence resident and said budget cuts in Providence public schools often prevented her from fully pursuing her interests in music, theater and art. “For the majority of my education, I couldn’t even study the things I loved,” Migliori said. “So for me, Brown was a place where I could go and actually

have the flexibility to study all that, and I know I’d be getting an amazing education for it.” Migliori, who has been involved with Providence’s Trinity Repertory Company for the past few years, hopes to pursue a graduate degree in theater through the Brown/Trinity Repertory Consortium after completing her undergraduate studies. Will Peterson, a regular decision admit who hails from Orange County, Calif., said his interest in Brown stemmed from talking to graduates of his high school who had matriculated as well as the New Curriculum, which he called “a big deciding factor.” Peterson is deciding between Brown and Stanford, though he is currently leaning towards Brown. “I think I could see myself more

in the Brown student body,” Peterson said. Jeff Handler ’14, an early decision admit from Newton North High School in Newton, Mass., looks forward eagerly to arriving on College Hill in the fall. “I spent a week visiting all these schools, but when I got to Brown, I knew it was the right place. I could go down the list of reasons,” including the academic freedom Brown provides. “But overall, it was really just the feel more than anything else,” he said. “It was raining when I visited and I still liked it,” he added. “And if you like a school in the rain, you know it’s the right place for you. I’m thrilled about the next four years.” — With additional reporting by Claire Peracchio

Classes by the numbers 2013

2014

Early Decision

2,360

2,848

Total Applicants

24,988

30,136

Admit Rate

10.8%

9.3%

Top 10% of Class

96%

96%

Top 5 Planned Concentrations

Engineering Undecided Int’l Relations Biology Economics

Engineering Biology Int’l Relations Economics Human Biology

Top 3 States

New York California Massachusetts

California New York Massachusetts

Top 5 Foreign Countries

China Canada Korea Singapore India

China Canada India United Kingdom Korea


Monday, April 5, 2010

THE BROWN DAILY HERALD

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“RISD police officers gaining the power of arrest is slightly disconcerting.” — Elizabeth Soucy ’13

RISD students worry about police power Students more confident about financing education

By Heeyoung Min Senior Staff Writer

The Rhode Island School of Design may become the third school in the city to grant officers arresting powers — but some RISD students, who fear that officers could use their new powers to arrest underage drinkers, do not want to see that happen.

continued from page 2

HIGHER ED Brown and Rhode Island College are the only two universities in Providence employing campus officers with the power to arrest. A bill under consideration by the Rhode Island General Assembly would recognize RISD officers as peace officers, RISD spokesperson Jamie Marland said. Peace officer status would give campus officers, who are presently not state-sanctioned, the power to search, detain and arrest individuals suspected of illegal activity. ‘Slightly disconcerting’ Several RISD students expressed concern that campus officers would use their arresting powers inappropriately, especially to discipline underage partygoers. “RISD police officers gaining the power of arrest is slightly disconcerting to me,” said Elizabeth Soucy ’13, a Brown-RISD dual degree candidate. Soucy said student sentiment toward the campus public safety department at RISD is different from the attitude at Brown, mostly due to the design school’s stricter enforcement of underage drinking policies. As a result, Soucy said, she thought RISD police officers could be more likely to arrest students than Brown officers. Brown’s Department of Public Safety’s reputation of leniency “promotes the ultimate safety of the students,” Soucy said, making them feel more comfortable calling the police when in trouble — especially if the situation involves underage drinking. Ayo Ouditt, a RISD freshman, agreed that granting RISD officers arresting powers is excessive, and may only lead to “unnecessary” arrests of students who are drinking underage. In “extreme” cases of alcohol abuse where intervention is necessary, the administration already has a disciplinary system in place, Ouditt said. Those students face, for instance, suspension or expulsion, which are more appropriate penalties than arrest, he said. Though there have been cases of expulsion due to alcohol abuse, “excessive drinking isn’t a problem here,” said Brenden Cicoria, a RISD freshman. He added that RISD students often go to Brown to drink because Brown is known for its mild enforcement of drinking policies. Brown police officers made no arrests for liquor law or weapons violations and only one arrest for drug violations in 2008, according to the Department of Public Safety’s crime report. No such arrests were made in 2007 or 2006, the report

Nick Sinnott-Armstrong / Herald

Brown’s officers are one of only two campus police forces in Providence with the power to arrest.

said. But in 2008, officers issued a total of 65 disciplinary referrals for potential weapons, drug and alcohol violations on campus: 8 for weapons violations, 29 for drug violations and 28 for alcohol violations, according to the report. The number of referrals for alcohol violations was 64 in 2007 and 80 in 2006, the report said. Students who receive a disciplinary referral involving alcohol are required to “undergo appropriate alcohol education, evaluation, and/or treatment as determined by appropriate officials,” according to the University’s Judicial Affairs Web site. Sarah Harrison ’12, a BrownRISD student, hypothesized that the design school might be stricter in enforcing alcohol policies to create the atmosphere of a “serious” school.

“I’ve always suspected that RISD’s extreme self-consciousness in terms of its image has trickled into its enforcement of rules — but RISD’s desire to be taken seriously as an institution doesn’t really need to make itself present in the relationship between Public Safety and the students,” Harrison wrote in an e-mail to The Herald. RISD officers might act more like their Brown counterparts if they gain arresting powers — or they might go on a power trip, according to Harrison. “It’s kind of complicated. I don’t know whether RISD tells Public Safety to be strict in their enforcement of school rules, or whether they enjoy enforcing rules, or both,” Harrison wrote. “If they had more power, would they feel less the need to assert it whenever opportunity continued on page 4

of those students, 38.0 percent in total, have used the CDC only once or twice this semester. In this semester’s poll, nearly 60 percent of students said they were single and about one-third said they were in an exclusive relationship. Freshmen, at 72.3 percent, are significantly more likely to be single than non-freshmen, of whom 54.9 percent are single. The poll found that a slight majority of students said religion was unimportant in their lives. But 44.3 percent of students responded that religion was important in their lives. The 18.1 percent of people who said religion was very important in their lives falls below the national average of 57 percent, according to the Pew Research Center. About seven out of eight students who gave an opinion said they were attractive compared to their peers at Brown. Of all respondents, 15.1 percent said they were very attractive, while 57.1 percent said they were somewhat attractive. Methodology Written questionnaires were administered to 714 undergraduates in the lobby of J. Walter Wilson and in the

Sciences Library on March 22 and 23. To ensure random sampling, pollsters approached every third person and asked each one to complete a poll. The poll has a 3.5 percent margin of error with 95 percent confidence. The sample polled was demographically similar to the Brown undergraduate population as a whole. The sample was 51.1 percent male, 48.7 percent female and 0.1 percent other. First-years made up 25.8 percent of the sample, 29.3 percent were sophomores, 20.4 percent were juniors and 24.5 percent were seniors. Of those polled, 65.7 percent of respondents identified themselves as white, 18.9 percent as Asian, 10.9 percent as Hispanic, 6.6 percent as black, 1.0 percent as American Indian or Alaska Native and 0.8 percent as Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander. Also, 4.1 percent identified with a racial group or ethnicity not listed and 1.1 percent chose not to answer. The sum of the percentages is greater than 100 percent due to respondents who identified with multiple ethnic or racial groups. Senior Staff Writers Ana Alvarez ’13, Alex Bell ’13 and Talia Kagan ’12 and Arts & Culture Editor Suzannah Weiss ’12 coordinated the poll. Herald section editors, senior staff writers and other staff members conducted the poll.

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THE BROWN DAILY HERALD

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Monday, April 5, 2010

“People say Providence is dangerous, but I would sleep on the street here.” — Ayo Ouditt, RISD freshman

Gen’l assembly bill sparks controversy With 60 layoffs on the continued from page 3 struck or become more overzealous in their enjoyment of enforcing RISD’s rules?” Ultimately Harrison, who was written up by a RISD officer last year, wrote that she would feel less safe if the peace officer bill is passed. When Harrison lived in a RISD residence hall located above the Public Safety office last year, “there was an atmosphere of stress” due to the possibility of being approached by an officer, she wrote. “Living at Brown has been much less stressful in this respect because I worry less about getting into trouble, despite the fact that Brown officers do have the power to arrest.” Though Harrison enjoys the relatively lax enforcement of laws at Brown, she finds it somewhat unsettling. “Of course, the fact that Brown feels like kind of a legal playground in the middle of a troubled city is disturbing in its own right,” she wrote. Ouditt said he would have supported the bill if Providence were unsafe, which he feels is not the case. “If I thought crime was a problem at RISD, it would be a different story, but it’s not,” Ouditt said. “People say Providence is dangerous, but I would sleep on the street here.” Crime, including incidents like the massacre at Virginia Tech, is always a possibility, but those events are “extreme outliers,” Cicoria said. Police presence at Brown Though students at Brown said there were benefits to having statesanctioned police on campus, some

said it was not necessary for their sense of security on campus. It is mostly “their presence that counts, not that they have the power to arrest,” said Jeffrey Blum ’12. Ben Jones ’13 said he has walked alone at night on campus and has never felt unsafe — but not because of the presence of DPS officers. “I’ve walked alone in the dark and I’ve never found myself thinking, ‘I’m glad there are police officers around,’ ” Jones said. “That said,” he continued, “I’ve read the crime reports, and I know bad things do happen. In that respect, it’s good that Brown can take care of these things internally.” Chief of Police and Director of Public Safety Mark Porter did not respond to requests for comment. Different takes Campus officers are not taken seriously, said Elizabeth Hernendez, a senior at Johnson and Wales University. “They look very young — some of them are college students — so no one takes them seriously.” Some of the officers actually are students at JWU, said Sarah Bardwell, who graduated last year. “We have a criminal justice department here that offers credit to students for being public safety officers. They do it as an internship.” Campus officers at JWU have no power “whatsoever” to enforce laws or university rules, Hernendez said. “I feel bad for them sometimes, especially when they try to (tame) drunken parties. Students are constantly mouthing off to them. They’re treated like a joke around here.” Herndenez said she was on the fence about the necessity of a “real police” presence on her campus. “If campus officers had the power of ar-

rest, they would certainly get more respect than they do now. But with Providence police nearby, I’m not sure if we need real police officers on campus.” Students at the University of Rhode Island — whose officers are state-sanctioned and thus can arrest — argue that campus officers can do their job better with arresting powers. “Problems on campus are not always about drinking,” said Renee Lemieux, a URI freshman. “There is occasionally domestic violence that goes on too, which is one example of a case in which the officers should have the power to arrest.” Other URI students said the integration of their campus with the general community calls for increased security. “Our quad is basically a park for anyone to visit,” said Sheena Murray, a freshman at URI. “I feel like it might make a difference if a campus is closed, since you might not have as much of that outside force coming in to threaten the security of the school.” URI officers have the responsibility to ensure the safety of students on a campus that lacks fences to “keep other Rhode Islanders off university grounds,” Eli Roth, a URI junior, wrote in an e-mail to The Herald. “Depriving our enforcement officials their chief tool of enforcement would be a mistake,” Roth wrote. “If we want police officers to do their job, it is only natural to arm them with the tools of their trade. This comes with the essential caveat that it would be wrong — and indeed, unconstitutional — to see students arrested for breaking university rules, as opposed to state or federal law.”

way, salary freeze ends continued from page 1

Corporation’s February meeting. The increased pools, which follow a year of salary freezes, will also be used to provide merit-based salary increases and promotional adjustments, according to the Feb. 27 e-mail. “I think people understood why we had to (freeze salaries) given the endowment,” said Provost David Kertzer ’69 P’95 P’98, adding that he believes people expected some increase for the coming year. “We need to be sure we stay competitive with other institutions.” Brown’s endowment lost $740 million, or more than 25 percent, in fiscal year 2009. Over the past eight years or so, Kertzer said, Brown has made “a fair amount of progress” in achieving more competitive faculty salaries, but has “slid a little bit” in the past few years in comparison with its peers. Executive Vice President for Finance and Administration Beppie Huidekoper said the discrepancy between Brown’s staff salaries and those of its competitors was “less pronounced” than that of faculty salaries. Though the salaries of continuing staff will be higher next year, Huidekoper said the total amount paid to staff will be significantly smaller. The overall decrease in the budget for staff salaries will be achieved through organizational restructuring, including this year’s 60 layoffs, 139 early retirements and numerous positions eliminated through attrition. The increase in faculty salaries is certainly preferable to the cur-

rent year’s freeze, but still “less than what’s been done historically,” said Chung-I Tan, professor of physics and chair of the Faculty Executive Committee. The University has made “some inroads toward becoming more competitive,” he said, but Brown’s salaries are still lower than its peers’. “I don’t think you can catch up in one year,” he said. “But we’re making sure we’re not losing ground.” One professor, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said she was surprised that there was any raise at all given the state of the economy, and would have been willing to reduce or forgo her raise completely if it meant saving jobs. “Given the economy, this looks to me pretty generous,” she said. Tan said it was hard to judge the faculty’s general reaction to the salary increase in light of the layoffs. “Our main mission is providing a first-rate education for students and maintaining the strengths of the University in terms of first-rate teaching and research programs,” Tan said. “I don’t think anybody disagrees with that.” No faculty layoffs have been announced, and Tan said he does not expect any. “We don’t want to cut any academic programs,” he said. “In terms of faculty, that’s not being contemplated.” Kertzer also acknowledged the trade-off between eliminating positions and increasing salaries to remain competitive. “We have to balance the attempts to minimize layoffs with the desire not to have another freeze in salaries,” he said.

After NEASC rebuke, committee proposes changes to tenure continued from page 1 the Tenure, Promotion and Appointments Committee. The ad hoc committee — comprised of three administrators and nine tenured faculty members — agreed that “our system was in some respects not in keeping with the common approaches that we find in our peer institutions,” said Provost David Kertzer ’69 P’95 P’98, who chaired the committee. The report addresses the “serious flaws and weaknesses” of the current system and its recommendations represent “what we thought might be the best way of strengthening the system with appreciation for Brown traditions and culture,” he said. The committee was formed this fall in response to criticisms from a New England Association of Schools and Colleges review team that Brown tenures a higher percentage of its junior faculty than do peer institutions. Brown’s cohort tenure rate — the percentage of junior tenuretrack professors who eventually receive tenure at Brown — has

been above 70 percent since 1991, according to the report. A 2006 study of 10 research universities revealed an average cohort tenure rate of 53 percent, according to the report. Brown’s relatively high cohort tenure rate “may eventually degrade academic excellence” as the percentage of tenured professors continues to rise in proportion to untenured faculty members, according to the report. Brown’s high proportion of tenured faculty members “imposes constraints on hiring and restricts opportunities, limits the ability to expand into new and important areas of scholarship, (and) reduces the turnover that is vital to intellectual renewal,” according to the report. Junior faculty members are currently hired as assistant professors for an initial three-year contract, then either dismissed or offered a second three-year contract. The tenure review processes can then begin during their fifth year, so they can either receive tenure after their second three-year contract is up or search for alternate employment during their sixth year if they are not granted tenure.

Under the recommended timeline, junior professors would receive an initial four-year contract, which could then be renewed for another four-year contract or two consecutive two-year contracts. While faculty members could choose to be reviewed for tenure sooner than in their seventh year, the extra time would be intended to allow researchers to build up a stronger portfolio of work before facing departmental review. Reviewing professors for tenure “after only five full years may in some cases be too brief to allow even talented junior faculty the opportunity to provide evidence of their accomplishments,” according to the report. “These concerns are perhaps especially acute in laboratory-based sciences” because of the time it takes to set up laboratories and obtain funding, according to the report. The report also found that the University’s tenure review process is “highly unusual, perhaps even unique” in that departments are free to set their own standards for tenure and candidates play an “exceptionally active role” in their own

reviews. In order to standardize the review process across departments and ensure confidentiality, the committee recommended that candidates for tenure not be allowed to see the final list of external reviewers and that the required number of outside reviewers be increased to 10. “We’re providing for, I think, a more complete review and a more deliberate review than the current system permits,” Ker tzer said. Though the committee did not “set any particular rate” of junior faculty members that should receive tenure, the changes “could have the effect of putting us more into the range of most of our peers,” he said. The Tenure, Promotions and Advancement Committee reviews all candidates for tenure after they pass departmental review. Pending the approval of the report’s recommendations, the committee’s membership would be increased by two and divided into two subcommittees, each of which would review half the cases. One subcommittee will review cases in the humanities and

social sciences, and the other will review candidates in the life and physical sciences. “It is always an effort to get faculty to serve on committees” because of the extra time commitment, Kertzer said, but “the net effect of the changes will be to make it much more desirable to serve on TPAC from a faculty point of view” because its members will focus more on reviewing candidates in their fields of study and expertise, he said. The tenure committee will meet with untenured faculty members Monday to receive feedback on its recommendations. The committee will also answer questions and hear feedback at a general faculty forum April 13 and in meetings with the Faculty Executive Committee and department chairs later this month. While some of the repor t’s recommendations can be implemented administratively, others require changing the faculty rules and regulations. The faculty will vote on these changes at its May meeting, and if approved, they will be put to a final vote at the May Corporation meeting.


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THE BROWN DAILY HERALD

C ampus N EWS

Monday, April 5, 2010

“People say Providence is dangerous, but I would sleep on the street here.” — Ayo Ouditt, RISD freshman

Record-setting floods mostly spare campus, but disrupt travel continued from page 1 by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. The rain was heavier and lasted longer than Butler had anticipated, but University facilities saw only minor damages due to “rock-solid construction” and the University’s elevated location on College Hill, she said. “We were very fortunate,” she said. The University of Rhode Island’s campus saw “significant damage” due to erosion and flooding, Jerry Sidio, URI’s director of facilities services, told the Good Five Cent Cigar, the school’s newspaper. Classes on the Kingston campus were cancelled for two days due to the storm. While Brown students were scattered across the country during spring break, University custodial employees worked long shifts and overtime — amounting to 10 to 12 hours straight — to keep water at bay in the basements of the John Carter Brown Library, 37 Manning St. and the John Hay Library, which houses rare books and manuscripts, Butler said. Custodial workers continually vacuumed affected basement floors as water seeped in. “The faster you respond, the less travelling there is. Fortunately our staff got there very quickly. There was a great response from our employees,” she said. “Once you fill those (wet-vacuum) machines with water, it can be extremely heavy, but our employees did a great job. Everyone had a positive attitude,” she said. Catching leaks with cups The flood put 4,000 Rhode Islanders temporarily out of work and cost hundreds of millions of dollars in damage, the Associated Press reported April 2. But for most students who re-

mained on campus during spring break, the rain was only a nuisance. Hadizza Mohammed ’10, a Chicago native, planned to explore Rhode Island with her friends during her last spring break before graduation, but the rain put a damper on their plans. “We couldn’t really travel because of the rain. We ended up staying in, sleeping and eating a lot, watching movies, and playing a lot of Cranium. We ended up having fun,” she said. Mohammed said she first realized the severity of the flooding when she took the Rhode Island Public Transportation Authority trolley from campus to Federal Hill on one of the heavy days of rain. The trolley dropped her off three blocks from her destination, and the walk was unpleasant and wet, she said. “That was when I knew the flooding was serious. If a shopping center — if businesses — couldn’t cope with the flooding, I knew that neighborhoods must have been hit pretty hard,” she said. Hector Ramirez ’12, who was in his New Pembroke 1 dorm throughout the three-day storm, called Facilities Management to report two small leaks by his windowsill, and a bigger one in his closet. “The leaks have been around for a while, but they were never this bad,” he said. Despite a quick response from Facilities, “they didn’t do a whole lot,” Ramirez said. “I was fortunate that I was around to take care of the leaks,” Ramirez said, who placed an Arizona gallon jug under the leak in the closet, and is still using Dixie cups to catch the smaller leaks by his windowsill. None of his belongings were damaged, but Ramirez said that the situation could have been worse if he had gone home to Los Angeles instead

of staying on campus to “get some homework done” and save money in airfare. “All in all, I’m glad I stayed behind,” he said. ‘Floating floor’ Colby Jenkins ’12, a native Rhode Islander, lives just minutes east of Brown’s campus in Rumford, R.I. While the University’s facilities survived the storm virtually unaffected, Jenkins’ recently renovated basement was almost unrecognizable after the storm. Rumford is near Brown’s campus, but “separated by a river so I’m not surprised that the two areas were affected so differently,” he wrote in an e-mail to The Herald. Jenkins went to Home Depot at 7 a.m. Tuesday, the first day of the storm, to purchase a vacuum and a pump. He scored the last pump in stock, but was less lucky in his search for a vacuum. “They were already sold out of vacuums, and every other store in the area was out of pumps, forcing a large number of people to just hope that the damage wouldn’t be too severe,” he wrote. “People are already comparing (the flooding) to our generation’s ‘Blizzard of ’78.’ ” As water poured into his basement, Jenkins wrote he was more “disappointed” than worried. “The disappointment stemmed from losing

the hard work that my father and I put into renovating the finished area of the basement, as we’re now back to square one.” The basement’s laminate floor, which Jenkins and his father finished last year, “had to be completely torn up.” The flooding “gave a whole new meaning to the phrase ‘floating floor,’ ” he wrote. The Jenkins family salvaged “anything drastically important” by moving those items upstairs, but suffered damages to many storage boxes and heavier items, including a treadmill and some exercise bikes. “Based on the speed at which water was entering the house, I knew that there was no way we could prevent damage from happening. All we could do was cut our losses and save what we could,” he wrote. The family may receive federal aid for repairs, depending on FEMA’s assessment of the damage, Jenkins said, describing the process as “a waiting game.” Travel delays and traffic Amtrak train service to Rhode Island has been suspended since Wednesday, causing delay to some students’ return to campus. The water was about 15 inches above the rails early Friday morning. Amtrak’s Acela Express trains cannot run with more than four inches of water, and the slower regional trains

cannot run with more than six inches, Amtrak spokesman Cliff Cole told the Providence Journal. Marina Irgon ’11 planned on returning to campus on Friday for a Frisbee tournament at the University of Rhode Island, but missed the first day of the two-day competition because her train was cancelled. Irgon, who travelled from her home in New Jersey, said that a parent had to drive her to campus the next day. The change of plan was a “very minor inconvenience” compared to the plight of other Rhode Islanders, she said. The eight-lane Interstate 95, Rhode Island’s main highway, was closed for two days. “A trip that normally took 20 minutes took close to 2 hours when trying to find detours or just simply fight the traffic,” Jenkins wrote. “When traveling over bridges that normally had water 15–20 feet below, the water was now up to the level of the bridge, threatening to flood and block off another street,” he wrote. Since April 1, about 200 people have volunteered to work with Serve Rhode Island, the state’s volunteer center, to help with disaster relief efforts, Bernie Beaudreau, executive director of the organization, told The Herald Saturday afternoon. Among the volunteers are “plenty of Brown students,” Beaudreau said.


Arts & Culture The Brown Daily Herald

What’s Kraken? Alums collaborate on ‘Clash’ By Suzannah Weiss Ar ts & Culture Editor

Phil Hay ’92 and Matt Manfredi ’93, creative collaborators and friends ever since they met at IMPROVidence auditions 20 years ago, are now the prolific screenwriters behind last weekend’s box-office hit “Clash of the Titans.” The duo has worked on other major films, such as “Crazy/Beautiful,” which starred Kirsten Dunst, and “Bug,” an independent comedy that won multiple festival awards. “Clash of the Titans” arrived in 2-D and 3-D theaters Friday, and as of Sunday evening, made $61.4 million in ticket sales throughout North America, according to the New York Times. “It’s really exciting,” Manfredi told The Herald on Thursday, the morning after the film’s premiere — which he compared to a family reunion. “When you work on a movie for so long, you become like a little family,” he said. The movie is a remake of a 1981 film by the same name, based on the stor y of the Greek mythical hero Perseus. Hay said he grew up watching the original, and his goal for the script was “to get a sense of movies we loved as kids.” He hopes audiences take in the “childlike exuberance on the screen,” he added. Manfredi and Hay had known director Louis Leterrier for a long time when he called and asked if they wanted to write the script. “From that point, we just kind of

locked ourselves in a room with Louis Leterrier,” Hay said. “We worked ver y closely with Sam Worthington,” the actor in the lead role of Perseus, he added. “It was really interesting tr ying to take in his perspective on the character.” Manfredi’s favorite part of the process was seeing the script come to life on the first day of filming in London, he said. For Hay, the highlight of working on “Clash of the Titans” was seeing Liam Neeson, who played Zeus, yell “release the Kraken” for the first time. The line refers to a villainous sea monster. “The eternal Dungeons and Dragons–playing geek in me was excited,” Hay said. Manfredi said he and Hay argued over who got to type this line into the script, adding that “to watch (Neeson) say it during that rehearsal was pretty thrilling to us.” They may have made it to Hollywood, but Manfredi and Hay still identify with their alma mater. “We met at Brown University, which you may have heard of, in Providence, Rhode Island. It’s a liberal arts college,” Hay said facetiously. “I remember getting my dorm assignment mailed to me,” Manfredi said. “I just couldn’t find Perkins.” The advantage to Manfredi’s freshman dor m assignment, though, was the oppor tunity to form friendships that he still main-

tains. “You gotta stick together out there. It’s cold,” he said. And though he did not marr y someone from Perkins as Brunonian folklore goes, Manfredi vividly remembers meeting his wife outside Rites and Reason Theatre. “Our close group of friends is really from our days at Brown,” Hay said. Brown’s philosophy has helped Manfredi foster his way of thinking and his approach to his career, he said. “You’re just kind of thrown in here. You’re forced to kind of find a passion and what interests you,” he said. “We are so fortunate, as I’m sure you guys are now. The professors at Brown are amazing. They’re so interested in your wellbeing.” Manfredi, an American civilization concentrator, said he also “made some spectacularly bad art.” “That’s not true, Matt!” Hay interrupted, citing a rock with a golf club protruding from it on the Main Green as a counterexample. “Conceptually, it was amazing.” Hay said he “dabbled in a lot of stuff,” such as cognitive science, linguistics and modern culture and media, but ultimately concentrated in English literature. “For both of us, our experience at Brown was so much about doing improv, doing plays, going to plays, doing weird art projects,” Hay said. “You put up a play and 50 people continued on page 7

Monday, April 5, 2010 | Page 6

Making the band, Brown edition By Fei Cai Staf f Writer

Musically-inclined students find diverse creative outlets around campus — alone, in a group, electronically, acoustically — creating a scene in which students can build off one another’s talents. In fact, some musicians may be surprised by the number of student artists currently performing — or even working on albums. “I feel like there are a lot of musicians on campus, but they have a hard time connecting,” said Stephen Poletto ’12, who mixes music on his computer and produces “mash-up work.” Rats on the loose For Benjamin Nicholson ’11, Heidi Jiang ’11 and Rhode Island School of Design junior Dylan Ladds, releasing an album did not mean stressing over signing with a record label. On March 19, their band, Leaky People, privately produced its first CD, “Rats Eating Rats.” The band, which started a little over a year ago, has been playing at small venues like Ben & Jerry’s on Meeting Street. Guitarist and singer Nicholson said he first met bassist Jiang during their freshman year, when they started playing cover songs. “All through high school,

I played music in a bunch of bands, and we recorded albums. It was something I really enjoyed doing, and coming to Brown, I found there was more access to equipment without having to pay the hourly studio fee,” Nicholson said. The band, which Jiang described as “kind of folky,” wrote most songs with just an acoustic guitar and vocals. Afterward, more instruments were added, such as bass, electric guitar and drum patterns from a computer. Jiang described the production process, including recording and editing, as very long. Sharing ideas through melody Other Brown musicians, such as Addie Thompson ’12, go solo. Thompson, an acoustic singer and songwriter, has been playing the guitar since sixth grade. “I bought a chord book and taught myself to play,” she said. “I was motivated mainly because I had a lot of songs in my head and I wanted to hear them.” She added that she sometimes makes up stories in her songs. “About half of my songs are like that. The other half are very personal and are very much about me. I usually don’t tell people which continued on page 7


Page 7

THE BROWN DAILY HERALD

A rts &C ulture

Monday, April 5, 2010

“I’m going to smite you from Olympus.” — Phil Hay ’92, co-writer of “Clash of the Titans”

New student installation shares thousand voices

By Jessica Liss Contributing Writer

Over 500 individuals’ responses to the question “How are you?” coupled with dialogue and interviewers’ explanations, radiate from speakers within wooden poles in the audio collage “A Thousand Voices.” First formulated in September 2009, the idea for “A Thousand Voices” developed over several months with the help of a Creative Arts Council grant, said Iona Juncan ’11, president and artistic director of Listening LabOratory, a student group focused on creating audio performance and radio theater. The project was installed in two sites on campus, initially in the upstairs space at Production Workshop Feb. 26–27 and then in the Lyman Hall breezeway March 7–21. “We wanted to give voice to a thousand people in the community and beyond,” Juncan said. The simple question “How are you?” is “a mode of engaging with people and approaching people, rather than saying, ‘what is your state of mind at this time?’ — which might be a bit off-putting,” Juncan said. People walk into a space such as the breezeway and do not expect to become immersed in something of this sort, she added. According to Juncan, the project had three primary goals: to provide people with the opportunity to express themselves during the difficult financial crisis, to restore meaning to an overused and meaningless question and, lastly, to create an animated, interactive living space — a concept inspired by artists of the Russian revolution, who converted public spaces into performance sites. Listening LabOratory members interviewed individuals in a variety of settings. They sought out subjects on campus and in places such as Providence senior homes, airports and students’ hometowns during breaks, also incorporating foreign languages, Juncan said. And whenever interviewers asked the question, they insisted on a truthful answer, she added. There have been eight performance events organized around the installation — the final one as part of the interdisciplinary Arts in the One World Festival March 20. Each performance “sought to transform spectators into active lis-

Nick Sinnott-Armstrong / Herald

Tiny speakers yield many words.

teners and to give them a chance to participate in the community of voices,” wrote Quyen Ngo ’12, the group’s coordinator of communications, in an e-mail to The Herald. “I don’t usually know what’s going on, but it is really interesting. I’ve never experienced anything like this,” said Johnson and Wales University freshman Gincy Jacobs after being guided through the installation at the March 20 event. Juncan said she and her collaborators believe the installation is “raising awareness that we overemphasize visual universe over the oral universe, which is even richer, and the consequence of that is not listening actively to people and communication.” In the future, Listening LabOratory hopes to reach new types of audiences, such as the visually impaired, Juncan said. “A Thousand Voices” also will appear at the Megapolis Audio Festival in Baltimore, May 14–16. The festival’s goal is “to bring people from different disciplines who use audio really as the primary component” of their work, said Justin Grotelueschen, the festival’s managing director. Alongside the work of over 60 artists from across the world, “this particular installation, I think, will be one of the more challenging installations,” he said, adding that one of its best features is its ability to engage the audience. But Listening LabOratory’s work on the installation is not complete. The group plans to increase the number of perspectives represented in the piece and to “keep adding to the community” of voices through more interviews, Juncan said.

Courtesy of Benjamin Nicholson

The band Leaky People, whose members are Brown and RISD students, just released an album.

Brown musicians discuss projects continued from page 6 ones are which.” Thompson said when she writes songs, she usually starts with a melody or an idea. “I then marry the two when I sit down and play the guitar,” she added. At Brown, Thompson has performed as both a solo artist and part of a band called One Night Band. She has given performances at the Underground, talent shows and coffee shops. She said she likes to gauge people’s reactions when she plays. “It is nice to sort of see and get feedback from people, what songs they liked, what songs they didn’t,” she said. The electronic approach But for others, music does not always involve instruments. “I usually set up really loud speakers, my laptop, some strobe lights and do live improv work for 45 minutes,” said Poletto, whose artist name is Spoletto. Poletto, who began working on his music a year ago, said he was influenced by Girl Talk and hopes to perform live in the near future. “I’ve DJ’ed a few parties, but I want to get out of that and do more concert-style shows.” Poletto said he took a few electronic music courses that taught him the basics of what he does. He spends a lot of time collecting

Hay ’92 and Manfredi ’93 behind 3-D film continued from page 6 are going to show up for sure,” he added. “Once you get out of college, you realize that’s not necessarily the case.” Their filmmaking career, according to Hay, is an extension of the projects they have been doing since college. “We almost approached it like another fun thing we could do as a team because we liked working together so much,” he said. At this point, “our voices … on the page have become exactly the

same. That’s not only creepy but great,” Hay said. “That is creepy, though,” Manfredi added. “We spend so much time together.” Asked which “Clash” character he would prefer to be in real life if he could, Manfredi chose Apollo. “He was the center of a lot of the myths I read as a kid,” he said, adding that if he were the sun god, “I’d just hang out on Olympus for a little bit.” “I’m going to go with a small character named ‘Ixas,’ ” Hay said,

to which Manfredi responded, “Then I’m going to smite you from Olympus.”

samples online then laying down tracks and layering drum beats on top. Poletto said he is currently taking MUSC 1200: “Seminar in Electronic Music: Recording Studio as Compositional Tool.” “I’m building up a lot of knowledge about what these software packages can produce,” he said. From the stage to the streets Though these students quickly broke into Brown’s music scene, many campus musicians may wonder how to become part of the University’s music community. “The first thing you should do is play with your friends,” Jiang said. Nicholson agreed. He encouraged any musicians looking to play with others to go to “any type of open mic.”

“People play in their rooms, and they don’t always start a band, but you get to meet people and see what music other people are interested in playing,” he added. Poletto and Sam Rosenfeld ’12 plan to organize a Web site where musicians can work together. The idea would be to have a musician upload a piece of music so that other musicians will have access to it. “A drummer can come, upload his track and a guitarist can come and see it. He can lay it over his own music and re-upload it. Then a singer can come and lay his own music over that track,” Poletto said. “There is an evolution, creation and recreation of content. Musicians would be building off of the work of each other and fueling each other,” he said.


SportsMonday The Brown Daily Herald

ScoreS

Monday, April 5, 2010 | Page 8

track winners

 

W. Lacrosse

M. GOLF

Fencing

Danielle Grunloh ’10, shot put and discus throw Brynn Smith ’11, hammer throw Gabriela Baiter ’11, triple jump Susan Scavone ’12, 100meter hurdles

Bryan Powlen ’10, discus throw Jordan Maddocks ’11, high jump

Brown 11 Harvard 10

Brown 1 Arizona State 4

21st at NCAA Championships

Women’s team at Hoosier Invitational Men’s team at UConn Invitational

Brown 18 St. Mary’s (Calif.) 4

15th out of 19 at Indiana Invitational

Brown 7 Dartmouth 9

m. lacrosse

Playing against top-10 teams, Bears keep falling just short By Andrew Braca Assistant Sports Editor

The No. 16 men’s lacrosse team dropped a pair of close games to top-10 opponents last week, falling at No. 7 Duke (9-3), 11-10, on Tuesday before suffering a 9-7 loss to No. 5 Princeton (7-1, 3-0) at the New England Lacrosse Classic at Gillette Stadium Saturday. The Bears’ record fell to 3-4 overall and 1-1 in Ivy League play. “Despite the fact that our opponents were both in the top 10 and both outstanding lacrosse teams … it’s still a disappointment in having come so close, because close isn’t good enough for us,” said Head Coach Lars Tiffany ’90. “The group of men I coach, they want more, so we won’t be happy with coming up just short against great teams.” Coupled with an 11-10 loss to No. 9 Massachusetts (7-2) on March 23, Brown has lost three straight games to top-10 opponents in which the game was tied midway through the fourth quarter. “Three games in a row, the opponent scored the next goal, and then we’re the ones chasing to the end of regulation,” Tiffany said. “We’ve got to find a way to make that next play when it’s the middle of the fourth

quarter, tied. We’ve got to take the lead.” After the game against Princeton in the home of the NFL’s New England Patriots, the Bears held a team meeting in the locker room that normally houses the New England Revolution soccer franchise to ask themselves how they could improve. But the answers will come on the field. Duke 11, Brown 10 On the strength of a 17-1 firstquarter advantage in shots, Duke raced out to a 5-0 lead just 17:26 into the game in what Tiffany called “the worst start in a lacrosse game that I’ve been a part of in my four years” at Brown. Yet the Bears battled back with goals by Rob Schlesinger ’12, Andrew Feinberg ’11 and two from quad-captain Thomas Muldoon ’10 before the Blue Devils scored once more to take just a 6-4 lead into halftime. Tiffany said the coaching staff made no significant adjustments. “There was nothing special we said. It was really the men themselves, after the second time out I called, getting on each other and pushing each other.” After two goals by Feinberg and one apiece from Muldoon, quad-

captain Reade Seligmann ’10 and Parker Brown ’12, the game was tied at nine with 9:03 left in the fourth quarter. Tiffany said the Bears were able to survive Duke’s advantages of 46-27 in shots, 34-22 in ground balls and 16-8 in faceoffs because of “Matt Chriss (’11) making great save after great save, the defense, after the poor start, settling down and playing very tough, tenacious man-to-man defense against one of the best attack units in the country” and opportunistic offense. Muldoon scored his fourth goal of the game to put Brown in front, but Duke answered with two goals, the second coming 10 seconds after the first, to take an 11-10 lead with 6:41 left. Neither side would score again. Though Chriss made two of his 15 saves in the waning minutes to keep the Blue Devils off the board, the Bears could not beat Duke goalie Dan Wigrizer despite two late extraman opportunities. Princeton 9, Brown 7 On Saturday, the Bears never took the lead against Princeton, but they repeatedly answered the Tigers’ rallies. “That’s the character of this group of men: Never give in, never say die,”

Tiffany said. “We constantly matched what they were doing.” After a quiet first half in which Brown trailed, 3-2, getting goals from David Hawley ’11 and Feinberg, the Bears recovered to take 36 shots in the second half, but they were frequently stymied by Princeton goalie Tyler Fiorito, who notched eight of his 17 saves in the fourth quarter. “I’ve never coached a Brown team that’s taken 36 shots in a half,” Tiffany said. “We generated 36 shots against a good defense. To only score five goals on those 36 shots is a tremendous credit to Tyler Fiorito.” After Brown tied the game at five on goals by Feinberg, Schlesinger and Hawley, Princeton took the lead with 10:23 left in the fourth quarter. The Bears answered five seconds later when Willie Fix ’12 keyed the fast break and fed Muldoon for the game-tying goal. “It’s tough to score in five seconds,” Tiffany said. After a five-minute scoreless stretch, Princeton scored twice to take an 8-6 lead with 4:07 left, with the second goal coming on a strong shot by Paul Barnes. “It was a 13-, maybe 14-yard laser that hit the absolute corner,” Tiffany said. “It hit the net and the corner and bounced out. It was a perfect

shot.” After the Tigers added an insurance goal, Seligmann added a manup goal with 53 seconds left, but Fiorito made two saves in the final 30 seconds to seal the victory. Chriss finished with nine saves. The Bears adapted to the experience of playing in Gillette Stadium, the home of the Patriots, after Tiffany urged his players not to be awed by the venue. “Try to enjoy the atmosphere, then bring it back to Earth, but I have to admit, it really was a thrill to play in an NFL stadium,” Tiffany said. “What an exciting opportunity for us and our men.” While the Bears ponder how to conquer their late-game struggles against top-10 opponents, they will turn their immediate attention to instate rival Bryant (6-3). The Bears will take on the Bulldogs Tuesday at 7 p.m. on Stevenson Field. “Bryant is a good lacrosse program, by no means a pushover,” Tiffany said. “Combine that with the local state rivalry — it always feels good to beat your neighbors. I’m sure Bryant is going to come over here fired up and loaded, ready to play. We’re going to have to match their intensity and take it one step further.”

Morey ’99 signs contract with Seahawks By Dan Alexander Spor ts Editor

Sean Morey ’99 signed a multi-year deal with the Seattle Seahawks on March 29, according to a Seahawks

press release. The former Brown wide receiver has made an NFL career as a special teams standout. Morey earned a spot on the NFC Pro Bowl team as a special team player two years

ago. This past season, he was an alternate to the Pro Bowl. Morey heads to Seattle after three seasons with the Arizona Carcontinued on page 9


Page 9

THE BROWN DAILY HERALD

S ports M Onday

Monday, April 5, 2010

“It wasn’t the prettiest win, but we still came out with the win.” — Kate Strobel ’12, first baseman

This bear is softball evolving to Bears drop the ball in three of four league games a seahawk By Ashley McDonnell Sports Staff Writer

continued from page 8 dinals, including one that ended in a Super Bowl victory. Drafted in the seventh round by the New England Patriots in 1999, Morey played on the Patriots’ practice squad for two years before being signed by the Philadelphia Eagles in 2001, the press release said. He joined the Pittsburgh Steelers in 2004 and moved to the Cardinals in 2007. In 109 games, Morey has 11 catches for 168 yards as a receiver and 151 tackles on special teams over his career, according to the press release. Morey will reunite in Seattle with Head Coach Pete Carroll, who was the Patriots’ head coach when New England drafted Morey during his final semester at Brown. In college, Morey was a threetime first-team All Ivy selection and won Ivy League Player of the Year honors in 1997. He still holds the Ivy League record in career touchdowns, touchdowns in a season, career receiving yards and receiving yards in a season.

Over spring break, the softball team (12-9, 1-3 Ivy) started off strong, defeating Bryant (3-23). However, the team went on to lose its first two Ivy League games to Penn (9-12, 4-0) and only managed to win one of two games against Columbia (6-17, 1-3).

Brown 5, Bryant 4 Though the Bears won, Bryant dominated most of the game on March 25. At the end of the fourth inning, the Bulldogs led the Bears, 3-0, after the Bears had the bases loaded but failed to score any runs in the top of the fourth. “They just had a lot of hits,” said first baseman Kate Strobel ’12. “It was a matter of them hitting and us not hitting.” But in the top of the fifth inning, the Bears came alive. After second baseman Erika Mueller ’13 (also a Herald sports staff writer) and shortstop Katie Rothamel ’10 walked, third baseman Stephanie Thompson ’13 doubled to bring home Mueller. With two runners in scoring position, Strobel stepped up to the plate and hit a three-run home run. “I just knew that there were runners on second and third, so I wanted a single to the right,” Strobel said. “I had two strikes on me quickly, but I

just ended up with the perfect pitch, and it went.” The Bears scored their gameclinching run in the sixth inning. Pitcher Kristie Chin ’11, after relieving Liz DiMascio ’13 in the bottom of the fourth, only allowed the Bulldogs to score one more run, sealing Brown’s 5-4 win. “It wasn’t the prettiest win, but we still came out with the win,” Strobel said. “We proved that we have fire.”

Penn 6, Brown 2 But the Quakers extinguished the Bears’ fire in their first series of Ivy League games on Friday. “Teams tend to pick it up with Ivy starts, when we play people in our own conference,” said Head Coach DeeDee Enabenter-Omidiji. “We expected as a team to be competitive. Unfortunately, that didn’t happen in our first series.” Penn scored two runs off a home run in the first inning. Though the Quakers did not score again until the bottom of the seventh, the Bears spent the entire game playing catch-up. In the fourth inning, Strobel hit a home run and in the top of the seventh, Rothamel hit a double that brought home Mueller, tying the game, 2-2. But in the bottom of the seventh, Penn’s Brooke Coloma hit a grand slam, dashing the Bears’ hopes of going into extra innings.

“We started figuring things out, but it was later in the game,” EnabenterOmidiji said. “We didn’t start making adjustments until it was too late.”

Penn 5, Brown 0 The adjustments the Bears started making in the first game did not carry over into the second game against the Quakers. Though Penn scored all five of its runs by the end of the third inning, Brown only managed to get one hit against Penn the entire game. According to Enabenter-Omidiji, because the team was crushed after losing to Penn in the first game off a grand slam, the Bears were unable to bounce back in time for the second game. “Some have the ability to put it in the past, but we didn’t,” EnabenterOmidiji said. “It carried into our play in the second game. You could see the devastation in the players’ faces.” Brown 3, Columbia 0 The next day against Columbia, Brown seemed to shake off the losses to Penn. Though the Bears got off to a slow start offensively, Chin on the mound kept the team in the game by shutting down Columbia’s offense. “Kristie Chin did a great job keeping them off balance,” Enabenter-Omidiji said. “Whenever you can shut a team down like she can, you have talent.” Thompson kick-started the offense

in the fourth inning with a double to left field, followed by a single from Strobel. Both Thompson and Strobel were brought home by a single to right field from catcher Amanda Asay ’10. The Bears scored another run in the top of the fifth, capitalizing on a throwing error by the Lions to seal the victory. Columbia 10, Brown 5 But Columbia did not let their loss to Brown in game one get them down. The Lions came back and completely dominated the Bears in the second game. At the end of the third inning, Columbia led the Bears 3-0. The Bears’ offense came alive, however, and scored four runs in the top of the fourth inning. But the Lions would not let themselves be outdone and scored five runs in the bottom of the fourth inning, making the score 8-4. “They got a lot of cheap hits,” Enabenter-Omidiji said. “They hit it just soft enough to allow them to get on base. It was one of those ‘Twilight Zone’-type games.” The Bears scored their final run in the sixth inning, but Columbia answered with two runs of its own, making the final score 10-5. “Offensively, you would think scoring five runs would be enough” to win, Enabenter-Omidiji said. “But not when you’re giving up 10.”


Editorial & Letters The Brown Daily Herald

Page 10 | Monday, April 5, 2010

l e t t e r to t h e e d i to r

Teaching at Brown worth the long commute To the Editor: As a faculty member with a long commute, I read with interest your recent article (“From afar, profs make the commute,” March 11) on the subject. In my case, the round-trip drive from my home in Madison, Conn., is approximately 175 miles, which I am able to make every weekday with the help of an incredibly supportive family who understand how much it means to me to teach here. I would certainly prefer an affordable and convenient mass transit commuter option that fits my schedule (Amtrak doesn’t cut

it for five days a week), but until one becomes available, I will be content with National Public Radio, the occasional book on tape and getting to know my newly acquired hybrid. Although “hypercommuting” does require some sacrifices and accommodations, I believe that I speak for others in my situation when I say that it’s well worth it to be able to teach at Brown.

Richard Bungiro PhD’99 Lecturer in Biology

A le x yuly

Letters, please! letters@browndailyherald.com

t h e b r o w n d a i ly h e r a l d Editor-in-Chief

Managing Editor Chaz Kelsh

George Miller

Deputy Managing Editors Sophia Li Emmy Liss

editorial Anne Speyer Suzannah Weiss Brian Mastroianni Hannah Moser Brigitta Greene Ben Schreckinger Sydney Ember Nicole Friedman Dan Alexander Zack Bahr Andrew Braca Han Cui

Arts & Culture Editor Arts & Culture Editor Features Editor Features Editor Metro Editor Metro Editor News Editor News Editor Sports Editor Asst. Sports Editor Asst. Sports Editor Asst. Sports Editor

Graphics & Photos Graphics Editor Stephen Lichenstein Graphics Editor Alex Yuly Photo Editor Nick Sinnott-Armstrong Asst. Photo Editor Max Monn Sports Photo Editor Jonathan Bateman Production Copy Desk Chief Kelly Mallahan Design Editor Marlee Bruning Asst. Design Editor Anna Migliaccio Asst. Design Editor Julien Ouellet Web Editor Neal Poole Post- magazine Editor-in-Chief Marshall Katheder

Senior Editors Ellen Cushing Seth Motel Joanna Wohlmuth

Business Office Manager General Managers Shawn Reilly Claire Kiely Katie Koh Directors Sales Kelly Wess Finance Matthew Burrows Client Relations Margaret Watson Alumni Relations Christiana Stephenson Managers Local Sales Arjun Vaidya National Sales Marco deLeon University Sales Aditi Bhatia University Sales Jared Davis Recruiter Sales Trenten Nelson-Rivers Maximilian Barrows Business Operations Business Analytics Jilyn Chao Credit and Collections Danielle Marshak Special Projects Alexander Carrere Staff Kathy Bui Opinions Opinions Editor Michael Fitzpatrick Opinions Editor Alyssa Ratledge Editorial Page Board Matt Aks Editorial Page Editor Debbie Lehmann Board member William Martin Board member Melissa Shube Board member Gaurie Tilak Board member Jonathan Topaz Board member

Gili Kliger, Designers Aida Haile-Mariam, Kelly Mallahan, Dan Towne, Copy Editors Alicia Chen, Heeyoung Min, Claire Peracchio, Suzannah Weiss, Night Editors Senior Staff Writers Ana Alvarez, Ashley Aydin, Alexander Bell, Nicole Boucher, Alicia Chen, Kristina Fazzalaro, Sarah Forman, Talia Kagan, Sara Luxenberg, Sarah Mancone, Heeyoung Min, Claire Peracchio, Goda Thangada, Caitlin Trujillo Staff Writers Anna Andreeva, Shara Azad, Rebecca Ballhaus, Fei Cai, Miriam Furst, Max Godnick, Anish Gonchigar, Thomas Jarus, Sarah Julian, Julia Kim, Anita Mathews, Lindor Qunaj, Mark Raymond, Luisa Robledo, Emily Rosen, Bradley Silverman, Anne Simons, Qian Yin Senior Sales Executives Katie Galvin, Liana Nisimova, Isha Gulati, Samantha Wong Sales Associates Roshni Assomull, Anthony Calcagni, Brady Caspar, Anna Cook, Siena deLisser, Begum Ersan, Tommy Fink, Ryan Fleming, Evan Gill, Rajiv Iyengar, Debbie Lai, Jason Lee, Katie Lynch, Sean Maroongroge, Zahra Merchant, Edjola Ruci, Webber Xu Senior Finance Associates Jason Beckman, Lauren Bosso, Mae Cadao, Margot Grinberg, Sajjad Hasan, Adam Fern Finance Associates Lisa Berlin, Mahima Chawla, Mark Hu, Jason Lee, Nicholas Robbins, Daniel Slutsky, Emily Zheng Design Staff Caleigh Forbes, Jessica Kirschner, Gili Kliger, Leor Shtull-Leber, Katie Wilson Web Staff Andrew Chen, Warren Jin, Claire Kwong, Michael Marttila, Ethan Richman, Adam Zethraeus Photo Staff Qidong Chen, Janine Cheng, Alex DePaoli, Frederic Lu, Quinn Savit Copy Editors Nicole Boucher, Zoe Chaves, Greg Conyers, Sarah Forman, Claire Gianotti, Aida Haile-Mariam, Victoria Hartman, Tiffany Hsu, Christine Joyce, Mrinal Kapoor, Abby Kerson, Matthew Lim, Sara Luxenberg, Alexandra McFarlane, Joe Milner, Rajan Mittal, Lindor Qunaj, Kate-Lyn Scott, Carmen Shulman, Rebecca Specking, Dan Towne, Carolina Veltri

e d i to r i a l

After the flood Brown students were lucky to get away from school last week, as Rhode Island was hit with record rainfall and devastating floods. In one 24-hour period, some areas received an astounding seven inches of rain, resulting in floods that forced hundreds from their homes and left thousands without electricity. This week, students return to an area for which President Obama has issued a “major disaster declaration.” Students cannot ignore their obligation to help neighbors in need. According to the Providence Journal’s Web site, donations to the local chapter of the Red Cross are “urgently requested.” The organization Serve Rhode Island is coordinating volunteers statewide, and there is also a great need for people to work in shelters and assist with damage assessment and cleanup efforts. Those willing to volunteer can register at www.serverhodeisland.org. Moreover, students planning to host events or parties in the coming weeks should seek to collect donations for flood victims and encourage guests to give what they can. While the timing of the floods may have been fortuitous for Brown students away on spring break, the natural disaster could not have come at a worse time for the state. Officials estimate that 4,000 Rhode Islanders were temporarily out of work last week because of the flooding, on top of a statewide unemployment rate over 12 percent. Governor Donald Carcieri ’65 predicted that repairing the damage will cost hundreds of millions of dollars — absolutely horrible news given the state’s existing fiscal challenges. The governor described the recent events

as a “kick in the teeth.” If there was ever a time for Brown students to go the extra mile in helping the surrounding community, this is it. This context should also figure in the federal government’s decision to apportion disaster relief funds. The federal response has thus far been swift. President Obama’s declaration paves the way for the Federal Emergency Management Agency to aid in the recovery, and Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano visited the state on Friday. Still, more can be done. Members of Rhode Island’s congressional delegation are pushing for the federal government to waive the usual requirement that state and local governments match 25 percent of federal relief aid. Considering that the state unemployment rate is the third highest in the nation and has remained above the national rate for some time now, Rhode Island would be a good candidate to benefit from a little extra federal generosity. While federal aid is critical, it must be accompanied by an outpouring of support from the local community. Brown’s location atop a hill symbolically suggests a level of distance and aloofness relative to the surrounding area. The symbolism of Brown’s physical elevation comes even more clearly into focus in the aftermath of a devastating flood. Students must now live up to their responsibilities as residents of a city and a state. We encourage everyone to make a much-needed contribution to relief efforts. Editorials are written by The Herald’s editorial page board. Send comments to editorials@browndailyherald.com.

correction An article in the March 24 Herald (“House passes student loan overhaul”) incorrectly stated that tuition at the Rhode Island School of Design would increase to $49,605 for the 2010-11 school year. In fact, that figure refers to the total price, including tuition, room and board and other fees. Tuition itself will increase to $38,000. The Herald regrets the error. C O R R E C T I O N S P olicy The Brown Daily Herald is committed to providing the Brown University community with the most accurate information possible. Corrections may be submitted up to seven calendar days after publication. C ommentary P O L I C Y The editorial is the majority opinion of the editorial page board of The Brown Daily Herald. The editorial viewpoint does not necessarily reflect the views of The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. Columns, letters and comics reflect the opinions of their authors only. L etters to the E ditor P olicy Send letters to letters@browndailyherald.com. Include a telephone number with all letters. The Herald reserves the right to edit all letters for length and clarity and cannot assure the publication of any letter. Please limit letters to 250 words. Under special circumstances writers may request anonymity, but no letter will be printed if the author’s identity is unknown to the editors. Announcements of events will not be printed. advertising P olicy The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. reserves the right to accept or decline any advertisement at its discretion.


Opinions The Brown Daily Herald

Monday, April 5, 2010 | Page 11

D.C. — safe from democracy WILLIAM TOMASKO Opinions Columnist

Starting college is always a significant transition. Students are — often for the first time — experiencing roommates, sharing bathrooms with strangers, figuring out how to work laundry machines and spending months at a time away from their families. For me, when I started my freshman year at Brown and began living in Rhode Island, I experienced another “first”: I was suddenly living in an area with representation in Congress. I was born in Washington, D.C., and, before coming to Providence, I’d never lived anywhere else. Living in D.C. has advantages. We get to enjoy free museums, like the National Air and Space Museum. We can use a clean, often-reliable subway system. Last summer, we even had the honor of sharing our city with a new cast of The Real World. However, D.C. residents are also the only American citizens who pay federal taxes and serve in the military without getting to vote for members of Congress. “Taxation without representation” was a catchy slogan in the time of the Revolutionary War, but that undemocratic status still applies to the roughly 600,000 people who live in D.C. The United States is the only country with a representative government that has decided to disenfranchise its capital city. From Paris to Baghdad, millions of other capital-dwellers

have been trusted to have a voice in their national legislatures. Voting rights in D.C. have expanded through history — thanks to the 23rd Amendment, ratified in 1961, we have three votes in the Electoral College, giving us a vote in presidential elections. Unfortunately, we have yet to attain representation in Congress. Eleanor Holmes Norton, D-D.C., serves as an elected, non-voting delegate. She is allowed to vote on bills when they are in House committees but not when they are considered by the entire House.

argued that my fellow D.C. residents and I already have “representation in Congress — 100 senators and 435 House members.” His claim rested on the fact that D.C. receives more federal spending per resident than any state. However, as Kyl acknowledged in the same speech, much of that money is spent on federal buildings instead of going to local interests. And, even though the federal government owns 88 percent of Nevada’s land (and 68 percent of Utah’s), giving citizens of those states plenty of built-in federal support, they

“Taxation without representation” was a catchy slogan in the time of the Revolutionary War, but that undemocratic status still applies to the roughly 600,000 people who live in D.C. The Founding Fathers were aware of the capital city’s representation problem. Alexander Hamilton proposed that, as D.C. grew in population, it could eventually get a vote in Congress. Modern critics of D.C. voting rights, however, are perfectly happy to deny representation to 600,000 Americans, a number greater than the population of Wyoming. One leader in the struggle against enfranchisement has been Senator Jon Kyl from Arizona. As the Republican whip, he’s played a role in fighting bills that would give D.C. a House member. In one 2009 floor speech, he

are still trusted to vote for their own representatives. Furthermore, as thrilled as I would be to consider Kyl my own personal senator, his official Web site sadly discourages that dream of mine. His Web site promises to help Arizona residents get help with federal agencies and snag flags that were flown over the Capitol, but he doesn’t seem to mention similar services he can offer D.C. residents. We may happen to live in the same city in which they work, but the 100 senators and 435 representatives Kyl mentions must naturally focus their attention on the people who actu-

ally elect them. Congress can take immediate action towards ending taxation without representation. One method would be passing a bill that gives D.C. a voting House member. Such a bill passed in the Senate in 2009, but was never considered in the House because of a toxic, anti-gun control provision. Another potential solution would be a constitutional amendment. The amendment could grant D.C. its own House member, or maybe a House member and two senators. It could even go further and turn D.C. into a state. Yet another fix would be giving D.C. back to Maryland. When the Constitution was ratified, Maryland and Virginia both ceded land to create a capital city, and Virginia’s share was eventually given back. If D.C. (excluding a non-residential sector that would host the federal government) became a city in Maryland, we’d be instantly entitled to senators and a representative. Plenty of solutions are out there, but for one of them to be enacted, political will must exist. According to one poll from 2005, only 18 percent of Americans know that D.C. is not represented in Congress. Once they become aware, however, 82 percent support giving us senators and a representative. If enough awareness arises across the country and our leaders fully commit to pursuing one of these solutions, maybe one day I’ll be able to be both taxed and represented. For now, I’ll just have to appreciate Rhode Island and its congressional delegation.

William Tomasko ’13 also appreciates the National Zoo.

They’re not all made out of ticky tacky EMILY BRESLIN Opinions Columnist The statement that investment bankers have replaced lawyers as the most hated professionals in America has become a common throwaway line, but it makes me wonder why lawyers apparently occupied that place to begin with. Like many Brown graduates before us, many of my friends and I will probably be headed in the same direction after graduation. We think of Brown as the type of place where it is possible to avoid joining the rat race at least temporarily; we can take all of our classes S/ NC if we want and still get a degree. We read Marx over and over — I have been assigned “The Communist Manifesto” three times in college. So why do we go off to work for the Man? At least, this is what I feel like Brown students are thinking as they roll their eyes when I tell them I want to be a lawyer. I think the objection to lawyers is primarily based on an undeveloped intuition that people have. One only goes to a lawyer when there is a problem, so lawyers are bad because they profit off of the misery of others. This objection fails spectacularly. It is not fair that life is such that marriages do not always last forever and

people need to get divorced, or that we have to worry about unscrupulous behavior when engaging in real estate transactions. However, lawyers are not to blame for these facts of life; rather, they help facilitate the negotiation of this unfairness. I suppose that people come by this prejudice against working within a legal or social system honestly; “The Catcher in the Rye” is required reading in many American high schools. We apparently have the sense that individualism

order to do the right thing. He may have been original with his hunting cap and all, but his own life seemed pretty “crappy” to me. I preferred “SLC Punk!” — James Merendino’s 1998 film about a Salt Lake City kid’s disillusionment with the punk scene and eventual decision to attend Harvard Law School. Even as a teenager, I had the feeling that joining the professional adult world does not make a person a poseur or a phony. I do not think we all have to make extreme

I will not be “selling out” if I go to law school. I will be “buying in” — buying in to the idea that our legal traditions are part of the good American society. is a good quality and that perpetual rebellion is the way to demonstrate it. I personally hated Holden Caulfield’s insipid whining. I was as full of angst as the next teenager, but I was frustrated with his obstinacy. He may have refused to participate in the “phony” adult world, but I was not convinced that his life was at all better because of this decision, or that he was intentionally making a sacrifice in

personal sacrifices to have good values and be decent and authentic human beings. Honestly, I simply do not have the energy for all the protest out there. Many teenagers (and Brown students) seem to wish that they did, but we can only reject so much about our society, and growing up requires us to reach this conclusion. As the protagonist of “SLC Punk!” says, “there’s no future in anarchy.”

I will not be “selling out” if I go to law school. I will be “buying in” — buying in to the idea that our legal traditions are part of the good American society. This does not involve accepting everything about the American legal system in practice or ceasing to examine it with a critical eye. It simply involves the acknowledgement that there is some good in the system and that starting over in an effort to build a utopia always fails. As adults, we have to start where we are rather than dismiss everything that came before us outright and embrace anarchy like naive teenage punks. If we have problems with the fact that less than five percent of criminal cases went to trial in 2002, for example, it is far more productive to work for change in small ways rather than to lose perspective completely and gripe like Holden Caulfield. I realized a long time ago that I could do “a lot more damage inside the system than outside of it.” It is true that the system will probably damage me too — long hours, boring meetings, some unsavory coworkers — and although that damage is not fair, it is just a part of life.

Emily Breslin ’10 is a philosophy concentrator from Harvard, Mass. She can be contacted at emily_breslin@ brown.edu.

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Today The Brown Daily Herald

7

‘A Thousand Voices’ resounds

comics

Fruitopia | Andy Kim

c a l e n da r tomorrow, april 6

12 p.m. — Hashim Sarkis speaks on Beirut, List Art Center

4 P.M. — Priyadarshini Ghosh: Mohini Attam Dance Demonstration and Lecture, Ashamu Dance Studio

7 p.m. — Campfire Talk: The Los Angeles Urban Rangers Enact the Megalopolis, John Nicholas Brown Center

4:30 p.m. — Financial Fitness Workshop for Graduate Students and Postdocs, Wilson Hall

menu Sharpe Refectory

Verney-Woolley Dining Hall

Lunch — Popcorn Fingers, Gyro Sandwich, Vegetarian Submarine Sandwich

Lunch — Bacon Ranch Chicken Sandwich, Swiss Broccoli Pasta, Enchilada Bar

Dinner — Macaroni and Cheese, Roast Beef Au Jus, Grilled Cheese

Dinner — Italian Meatballs with Pasta, Spinach Pie Casserole, StirFried Tofu

68 / 49

72 / 52

Monday, April 5, 2010

Excelsior | Kevin Grubb

Today, april 5

to m o r r o w

No. 16 m. lax drops two games

t h e n e w s i n i m ag e s

3

8

to day

Fruitopia | Andy Kim

crossword Hippomaniac | Mat Becker

Hippomaniac | Mat Becker

Island Republic | Kevin Grubb

Page 12


Monday, April 5, 2010