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Volume CXLII, No. 46

Ivy Film Festival revs up for 2007


9 , 2007 9, 20 07

Since 1866, Daily Since 1891



An international selection of celebrity guests and student filmmakers will descend on campus this week for the sixth Ivy Film Festival, which will feature events from today through Sunday.

ARTS & CULTURE A highlight of the festival will be the Saturday keynote address by director Doug Liman ’88 and screenwriter Simon Kinberg ’95 about their new projects and the Hollywood filmmaking process. Liman was the director of “Mr. and Mrs. Smith” and “The Bourne Identity.” Kinberg wrote “Mr. and Mrs. Smith,” as well as “X-Men: The Last Stand.” The festival, which was started by David Peck ’03 and is now held annually at Brown, continues to grow significantly every year in terms of the number of submissions and their quality, said Nick Clifford ’08, co-executive director of the festival. A screening of “Lady Vengeance” on the Main Green Wednesday night will precede director Chanwook Park’s discussion of contemporary Korean cinema Friday. “I think our real highlight guest is (Park) … who is a huge icon in Kocontinued on page 8

Chris Bennett / Herald

As the world’s top cricket teams meet in the West Indies for the ICC Cricket World Cup, students played a match of their own on the Main Green Sunday afternoon.

Turkish-Armenian concert canceled due to threats BY DEBBIE LEHMANN SENIOR STAFF WRITER

A Turkish-Armenian concert scheduled for Friday was canceled on short notice after the Armenian musicians and the president of the Armenian Students Association received threats from members of the Armenian community. ASA and the Turkish Cultural Society organized the concert, titled “The Armenian Composers of the Ottoman Period,” to promote dialogue between their communi-

ties. The concert was dedicated to Hrant Dink, a Turkish-Armenian journalist who was assassinated in January outside his newspaper office by a Turkish nationalist who later confessed to the killing. Dink had been a target of nationalist anger for his articles about the mass killings of Armenians by Turks in 1915 that many have called a genocide. A member of TCS, who requested anonymity because of the sensitive nature of the situation, told The Herald the groups start-

ed talking about co-sponsoring the event roughly six months ago after members of TCS wrote a column in The Herald that touched on historical relations between Turks and Armenians. The two groups then began discussing the need for joint events to encourage conversation, according to the TCS member. The TCS member wrote in an e-mail to The Herald that the Armenian musicians and the president of the ASA did their best to resist the “warning messages”

they received. However, he wrote that “the situation got serious,” and the musicians, followed by the ASA, withdrew from the event. The musicians and the ASA are now “in a very difficult position against some parts of their community,” he wrote. Ruben Izmailyan ’09, president of the ASA, said he was disappointed the event was canceled but declined to comment further. TCS is also “very sorry the continued on page 6

Class sizes shrink in response to Plan for Academic Enrichment, faculty growth BY EVAN BOGGS STAFF WRITER

Chris Bennett / Herald File Photo Thursday’s special meal will feature chef Barry Correia. The last special dinner was last month’s Las Vegas night.

The University has begun to experience an overall decrease in class sizes as part of the Plan for Academic Enrichment’s effort to improve faculty-student interaction. Though the mean course size has only dropped by a single student, the number of classes with enrollment from 11 to 20 and from 21 to 50 has risen significantly over

the last six years. Dean of the College Katherine Bergeron told The Herald that these changes in course makeup are linked to the expansion of the size of the faculty. “One would expect that when you in fact increase the size of the faculty, that the number of courses allowing for smaller enrollment should increase,” Bergeron said. As cited in the Plan for Academic Enrichment, Brown had a stu-

dent-to-faculty ratio of 9-to-1 in U.S. News & World Report by the summer of 2003, a change from 10-to-1 the previous year. The Office of the Dean of the Faculty reports that over 50 new professors were hired between 2002 and 2005, an 8 percent increase in the total number of faculty members. Brown’s student body has continued on page 8

Theme nights offer a change of pace

As RecycleMania ends, Brown ranks No. 49




Nicole Carty ’10 recalled her favorite part of last semester’s cheese-themed night at campus dining halls: “It’s always entertaining when you see Gail wearing a cheese head,” she said of the popular Sharpe Refectory employee. Students who don’t associate the Ratty and Verney-Woolley Dining Hall with fine dining and entertainment may be pleasantly surprised at least three times a year, when Dining Services pres-



ents special, themed nights or invites guest chefs to cook at the Ratty and V-Dub. The once-a-semester theme night and annual guest-chef event are a way for Dining Services to “break up the monotony for students,” said Paul Murray, a Dining Services supervisor who works at the V-Dub. Murray said groups of Dining Services supervisors are charged with coming up with continued on page 4

REJECTED ON DISPLAY “Rejected — the other student art show” features art rejected from the Student Art Show and is currently on display in the Hillel Gallery

The seventh annual RecycleMania competition drew to a close Saturday, and for the third consecutive day year, Brown fell in the middle of the pack. A week before the competition ended, the University stood at 49th out of 77 colleges in the top category. Brown, which competed in the Grand Champion category, as well as several others, had a cumulative recycling rate of 20.09 percent as of last week. By contrast, the topranked California State University,

CARPENTER HONORED Professor of Medicine Charles Carpenter received the Robert H. Williams Distinguished CAMPUS NEWS Chair of Medicine Award last month


San Marcos, had a cumulative recycling rate of 58.57 percent. The final results have not yet been reported. While Brown’s performance may seem lackluster, those involved with the University’s RecycleMania campaign are optimistic. “Of the 200 schools in (the Per Capita Classic) category, the fact that we’re around 50 — in the top quarter of these schools — I think that that speaks well of the program here,” said Resource Efficiency Manager Kurt Teichert, who works closely with the event’s student organizers.


195 Angell Street, Providence, Rhode Island

WHY WE STUDY Joey Borson ’07 examines a few recent discoveries and decides there are legitimate reasons for studying excessively for finals

Director of Custodial Services Donna Butler was similarly positive and wrote in an e-mail to The Herald that students are increasingly aware of RecycleMania. The results were not a surprise for student organizer Kevin O’Brien ’09, who said he expected Brown to rank in the middle of schools competing. “While I would like to see Brown do better, I … sleep well at night knowing that Brown didn’t fluff up its measurements,” he wrote in an e-mail to The Herald. “Brown prides itself


continued on page 6 M. LAX EDGES YALE The men’s lacrosse team snuck past Yale 10-9 thanks in large part to the five goals scored by Zach Caldwell ’10

News tips:





Chocolate Covered Cotton | Mark Brinker



mostly sunny 49 / 30

mostly sunny 48 / 32




LUNCH — Chicken Parmesan Grinder, Vegan Curried Tofu Scramble, Vegan Rice Pilaf with Mushrooms, Ham and Bean Soup, Vegetarian Autumn Bisque, Butterscotch Brownies

LUNCH — Pepperoni French Bread Pizza, Broccoli Quiche, Green Beans with Tomatoes, Kale and Linguica Soup, Vegetarian Washington Chowder, der der, Chocolate Krinkle Cookies

DINNER — Roast Beef au Jus, Creamy Rosemary Polenta, Macaroni and Cheese, Glazed Baby Carrots with Shallots, Sweet Potatoes, Washington Apple Cake

DINNER — Chopped Sirloin Patties with Onion Sauce, Vegan Stir Fry Vegetables with Tofu, Sauteed Zucchini with Onions, Carrots in Parsley Sauce, Raspberry Mousse Torte


WBF | Matt Vascellaro


Fill in the grid so that every row, every column and every 3x3 box contains the digits 1 through 9. Hi, How Are You | Alison Naturale

Deo | Daniel Perez �������������������



Edited by Rich Norris and Joyce Nichols Lewis ACROSS 1 Photo __: publicity events 4 Part of USCG 9 Actor’s award 14 Classic opening? 15 Communion site 16 “Idol” judge with Randy and Simon 17 Listening organ 18 Romaine piece 20 Popular microwave popcorn 22 Pessimist’s words 23 Calorie counter’s deli request 28 “Get over here, Fido!” 29 Ignore one’s lines 31 Pocket bread 34 Extramarital fling 38 Kimono accessory 39 Tributes in verse 40 Valentine symbol 41 Moved very fast 42 About when the plane lands, at LAX 43 __ & Noble 44 In this place 45 Pleasing to the palate 47 Bloodhound’s asset 49 “The Mountain, New Mexico” artist 56 X-rated stuff 57 Fielder’s flub 58 “Whew!” 63 Elizabethan or Victorian 64 Despised 65 Kind of lab dish 66 UFO occupants 67 Black cats, to some 68 Secret romantic meeting 69 Salon solution DOWN 1 Shaq of basketball 2 Quiet partner? 3 To some degree, colloquially

4 Colorful cat 5 Cheer for a matador 6 “Boston Legal” fig. 7 Elegant sheet material 8 Cease-fire 9 Arrangement for free cocktails 10 Like most potato chips 11 Pool stick 12 Chicken-king connection 13 Brit. flying group 19 Dastardly guy 21 Ancient Peruvians 24 Nebraska’s largest city 25 Call attention (to) 26 Tie the knot in a secret spot 27 Bran substance 30 __ one’s time: wait 31 39-Across writer 32 Pet pendant 33 Poke fun at 35 Groupie 36 “There __ exceptions”

37 “Fine by me” 41 Transparent, as stockings 43 Routes less traveled 46 Best of the hits 48 Deem necessary 50 Warning from a watchdog 51 All thumbs 52 “You’ve got mail” addressee

53 Released 54 Ali Baba thief count 55 Wipe clean 58 Stephen King’s “The Girl __ Loved Tom Gordon” 59 Sandwich meat 60 Had a bite 61 Odd ending? 62 Hosp. trauma centers

Deep Fried Kittens | Cara FitzGibbon


Cloudy Side Up | Mike Lauritano


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The Brown Daily Herald (USPS 067.740) is an independent newspaper serving the Brown demic year, excluding vacations, once during Commencement, once during Orientation and P.O. Box 2538, Providence, RI 02906. Periodicals postage paid at Providence, R.I. Offices are located at 195 Angell St., Providence, R.I. E-mail World Wide Web: Subscription prices: $319 one year daily, $139 one semester daily. Copyright 2007 by The Brown Daily Herald, Inc. All rights reserved.




‘Rejected’ show displays art for art’s sake BY STEWART DEARING S TAFF WRITER

“Rejected — the other student art show,” on display in the Hillel Gallery this week, demonstrates that a non-juried art show does not sacrifice quality for quantity. The student-run exhibition accepted all submissions that were rejected from the official Student Art Show, held in the David Winton Bell Gallery last month. Organized by three senior visual art concentrators — Valeria Khislavsky ’07, Janelle Sing ’07 and Bevan Weissman ’07 — whose submissions were all refused last month by the Student Art Show, the “Rejected” show lives up to its subversive name, inspired by the 19th-century French “Salons des Refuses.” “Rejected” isn’t intended as an overt criticism of the quality of the artwork in the Student Art Show but simply provides another opportunity for students to publicly display their work. “This show just gives the students who didn’t get a chance (to be) in the student show a chance to put their stuff on the wall,” Sing said. Most importantly, “Rejected” indicates that the Student Art Show represented a subjective se-

REVIEW lection of student work that left out high-quality art with strong critical substance. “The nature of a juried show is that it is subjective. Some people (who) don’t have a lot of exposure to art don’t think about (it). Instead, the public sees an accepted work as good and a rejected one as bad,” Khislavsky said. One of the most striking works in the show is a painting by Caroline Gray ’07 titled “Into the Deep,” which depicts a winged man floating in an ocean — perhaps representing Icarus’s mythical fall from flight. The painting’s abstract background depicts a free-flowing ocean scene that contrasts sharply with the crisply rendered, naturalistic human figure in the foreground. Also striking is “Surge” by Weissman, a sculpture of a black hand in the process of being dissected on a metal tray, questioning the relationship between technology and the human body. Instead of the internal anatomy one expects to find, the hand is composed of various mechanical and electrical elements, including an electric plug on the end of the in-

Chris Bennett / Herald

“Rejected - the other student art show,” on display in the Hillel Gallery, accepted all submissions rejected from the Student Art Show in the Bell Gallery last month.

dex finger. Kate Hammond’s ’08 “Annie,” a pencil drawing of an old woman’s face, uses a textured paper to represent the rough, worn surface of an old woman’s wrinkled skin in a touching way. The portrait expresses a personal relationship between artist and model.

‘New Directors Festival’ showcases talent of Brown student theater BY LINDSEY MEYERS ARTS & CULTURE EDITOR

“The New Directors Festival,” produced by Elliot Quick ’07 and James Rutherford ’07, was held over the weekend in the upstairs space at the Production Workshop. The three one-act plays featured in the show — Christopher Durang’s comedy “Wanda’s Visit,” Dael Orlandersmith’s five-part monologue piece “Beauty’s Daughter” and Ernest Hemingway’s dramatic “Hills Like White Elephants” — differed in style and setting. Yet the show was thematically unified in its exploration of the linguistic ruptures between individuals and cultures that must be bridged if people are to understand and love each other. The struggle to obtain human understanding and find love was effectively portrayed in “Wanda’s Visit” under the direction of Jason Lee ’09. The play revolves around Jim (Chris Lee ’09) and Marsha (Sarah Tolan-Mee ’07), a once happy but now alienated married couple who receive a visit from Jim’s former girlfriend, Wanda. Through a parody of the use and misuse of language, the play displays the comic talents of Luo and Tolan-Mee, whose characters stand in contrast to one another. Wanda dresses in tasteless clothes and freely talks about her sex life, failed relationships and past love for Jim, while Marsha is dressed plainly and exhibits a cynically tightlipped politesse. This comedic juxtaposition between the female leads suggests the darker emotional sterility of Jim, whose banality prevents him from finding lasting happiness with either the uninhibited Wanda or the

straight-laced Marsha. Once Wanda’s uninhibited presence is removed from the action, Jim and Marsha find a new life as they conform to the social norms of a “happy marriage,” but their conformity ultimately leaves them dissatisfied. The play ends with Marsha’s bitter observation that Wanda’s visit would have been an unexpected blessing if only she and Jim were happy. “Beauty’s Daughter,” directed by

REVIEW Mark Brown II ’09, continued the show’s exploration of the failure of communication in love through five monologues performed by two actors, Alexandra Metz ’08 and Kevin Dias ’10. In its explication of race and family relationships, “Beauty’s Daughter” deals with the struggles of five characters. Diane is a black woman, the victim of a failed relationship

with a white man who did not reciprocate her love. Papo is a Puerto Rican, a drug dealer trying to save his mother and sister from his abusive father. Mary is Diane’s beloved grandmother, a woman who talks to her dead husband about how she wants to help Diane. Blind Louie is a shoeshine man, a drug addict who asks Diane for money to buy drugs. And Beauty is Diane’s mother, a woman who blames Diane for ruining her dance career when her Caucasian-like looks allowed her to perform in white-only nightclubs. Metz played the roles of Diane, Mary and Beauty and was striking for the dramatic range she displayed in portraying three generations of women in the same family. Dias, who portrayed the roles of Papo and Blind Louie, was especially impressive in playing the crackaddict Blind Louie whose rhythmic movements were syncopated to the continued on page 4

The student organizers derived inspiration from Visiting Lecturer in Visual Arts Jay Stuckey ’90, who teaches his students that art does not communicate until it is on a wall. Next year, the Department of Visual Arts plans to sponsor the show of rejected art on the second floor of List Art

Center during the Student Art Show in the Bell Gallery to foster a direct comparison between the two, according to the student organizers. “Rejected” will hold a reception on Thursday, April 12 in the Hillel Gallery at 8 p.m. It will be on display until Saturday, April 14.

EDITORS’ PICKS TUESDAY APRIL 10 TUESDAY, PANEL DISCUSSION: “Politics,, Culture and Radio” — Smith-Buonanno 106, 8 p.m.


WEDNESDAY, ESDAY APRIL 11 ESDAY, MARGARET HIGGONET: “Photographing World War I: Two Women at the Front” — Maddock Alumni Center Center, Brian Room, 5:30 p.m. “POETRY EVENING WITH TRYFON TOLIDES”: Arnold Lounge, 5:30 p.m.

THURSDAY, DAY APRIL 12 DAY, OPENING NIGHT: “The Blind” by Maurice Maeterlinck, directed by Rebecca Schneider— Leeds Theater Theater, 8 p.m.




Dining hall theme nights offer a change of pace continued from page 1

theme-night ideas and are responsible for planning all aspects of the event, from the food to the decorations and entertainment. Though supervisors must work within a budget — a special night usually comes to $6.50 a plate at the V-Dub and slightly less at the Ratty, according to V-Dub cook Nancy Adams — Murray said the supervisors “shoot for the moon.” For example, “Taste of Las Vegas” last month featured roast sirloin and seafood pot pie. “I remember several years ago, we had lobster,” Murray added. Executive Chef John O’Shea said almost anything is possible. “You just need to figure it out and have a balance between a highcost item and a low-cost item,” O’Shea said, noting that theme nights have been occurring at Brown since before he joined Dining Services 31 years ago. But it’s not just food that makes for a good theme night. Decorations and entertainment are also part of the experience. Last semester’s “Cheese Fest” offered students the chance to take their picture with a cut-out of a cow while wearing a giant cheese head — a la Green Bay Packers fans — or cheese crown. The Las Vegas night featured a karaoke machine that let students — talented or not — belt out popular tunes. A harpist, blues band and jazz band have also performed at past theme nights, Murray said. Though some students may enjoy the theme nights as a change of pace from regular dining-hall fare, they can also look forward to visiting-chef events. This year’s event, slated for Thursday night, will feature chef Barry Correia, a member of the Johnson & Wales University Distinguished Visiting Chef Hall of Fame. For Thursday night’s dinner, Correia’s menu will include salmon teriyaki, chorizo steak and raspberry Cornish hens, among other delicacies, O’Shea said. Correia will also demonstrate how he will prepare the entrees to 50 raffle winners in one of the Ratty’s private dining rooms on Thursday. O’Shea, who coordinates the visiting-chef nights, said the program is in its seventh year of existence and is “a huge addition to our program.” The process behind creating a guest-chef night is a long one. It starts with O’Shea and his team choosing a chef and visiting the restaurant. If the food is suitable, the team works with the chef to recreate the recipes on a large scale. For example, O’Shea first

Chris Bennett / Herald

Chef Barry Correia, a member of the Johnson & Wales University’s Distinguished Visiting Chef Hall of Fame, will be at Brown as a visiting chef on Thursday.

contacted Correia last April and has been working with him closely in the last few months. “I have the chef come in here and then see how we did creating his recipe. In restaurants, it’s a la menu cooking,” O’Shea said. Most recipes might call for two teaspoons of salt or a pound of beef, but cooking in a dining hall makes following those instructions a challenge. O’Shea is particular about the quality of the dishes. “It’s very important to me to maintain the integrity of that restaurant’s flavor profiles,” he said, noting that when chefs visit Brown, they are putting both their restaurant and reputation on the line. But there are hurdles to planning these special nights, such as ensuring that there are healthy choices and enough variety on the menu. “Usually, I just make sure that there’s variety on the menu so that whether you’re a red meateater or a vegan or it’s a kosher holiday, that you’re going to find something to eat that night that’s special,” said Bridget Visconti, administrative dietician for Dining Services. But a few students, like Anabel Agloro ’09, said some of the menus have been too limiting. Last semester’s cheese-themed night, though well-received by many students, “wasn’t very con-

siderate for those who are lactoseintolerant,” she said. Another difficult aspect of planning Dining Services special events is predicting the amount of ingredients needed for a special meal. Dining Services officials record the quantities of ingredients used for every meal served in a special software program, which uses the data to forecast future numbers. But, O’Shea said, “It’s not a perfect science.” Visconti said Dining Services expects an average of 2,000 diners at the Ratty and 900 at the V-Dub on special nights. Dining Services plans to serve 1,350 portions of Cornish hens and 1,900 portions of chorizo steak, among other items, on Thursday, O’Shea said. Students have mixed reactions to the special events. Kasey Genin ’09 described the theme meals as “creative, bad food.” John Noh ’10 said “trying something different was nice,” but he said long dining-hall lines during the special cheese event last semester kept him away. Hannah Perez-Postman ’10 said she would prefer theme nights once a month and suggested that Dining Services serve more “food from different places.” Carty said a formal dinner would be fun. A “black-tie (event) at the Rat Ratty — that would be awesome,” she said.

Student theater showcased at weekend’s festival of one-acts continued from page 3

beat of his lyrical voice. The last piece, “Hills like White Elephants,” provocatively communicated more through silence than dialogue. Excellently adapted from Hemingway’s short story and directed by Sarah Campen ’07, this piece illustrated the radical breakdown in communication between a couple impersonally identified as “the American” (Boaz Munro ’09) and “the Girl” (Lily Garrison ’10). Sitting in a Spanish train station in 1927, the couple is en route to a clinic where the Girl will get an abortion at the demand of the American. Powerful in their expression

and movement, Boaz and Garrison appear lost in the solipsism of their individual thoughts as each gazes at the hills in the distance rather than at each other. The Girl remarks that the “hills look like white elephants” because her pregnancy gives her the optimism and poetic vision to see the beauty and fecundity of life even as she is traveling to receive an abortion. By contrast, the American is prosaic and pessimistic, rejecting the happiness that the Girl and her pregnancy potentially offer to him. Though the couple exchanges soft smiles and adoring glances, the pregnancy that should join them together instead splits them apart. As

they use the demonstrative “that” and the impersonal pronoun “it” when discussing the pregnancy and abortion, language loses the power to connect them. Dancing from affection to distaste, the Girl ultimately demands, “Can you do me a favor? Would you stop talking?” This dramatic request ends the dialogue, as the two sit in silence before they leave the train station and the play ends. In its expositions of the linguistic barriers that limit human understanding and love, “T “The New Directors Festival” confirmed both the continuing and the emerging strength of the theater community at Brown.









Crawford ’08 wins fellowship to study Indonesian seafarers’ medical beliefs Camia Crawford ’08 will travel to South East Sulawesi, Indonesia, this summer to study the medical beliefs of the Bajau, an indigenous seafaring people, according to a March 22 press release from the Rhode Island Foundation. Crawford, who was awarded $5,000, is one of four Metcalf Fellows named by the foundation. The fellowships seek to fund “selfdesigned adventures” for college students “to promote personal growth through travel,” according to the press release. “The prevalence of disease increases amongst more rural, impoverished and uneducated societies,” Crawford said in the press release. “Thus there is a need to investigate and understand these communities within the context of both their culture and environment to ensure better healthcare methods and approaches.” Crawford, a student in the Program in Liberal Medical Education, contracted dengue hemorrhagic fever, a tropical disease similar to malaria, as a 10-year-old living with her parents in Sulawesi. Though she fully recovered, she said it had been a “hope and a dream” to return to Sulawesi, according to the press release. Crawford could not be reached for comment. — Michael Bechek


Chris Bennett / Herald

There were colored eggs in the Ratty yesterday in celebration of Easter Sunday.

Carpenter wins top award for academic internal medicine BY ANDREW KURTZMAN CONTRIBUTING WRITER

Professor of Medicine Charles Carpenter — admired for his humility, compassion and unassuming demeanor — received the Robert H. Williams Distinguished Chair of Medicine Award, the nation’s top award in academic internal medicine, March 3. The award recognizes Carpenter’s 51-year career in medicine — teaching students, chairing departments of medicine and endeavoring to help the disadvantaged through medicine. The award is presented annually by the Association of Professors of Medicine to a “distinguished physician who has demonstrated outstanding leadership as a current or former chair of a department of internal medicine,” according to the APM Web site. Carpenter is widely admired for his teaching ability and patient interactions. “He teaches his fellow physicians medical care and how to deal with patients,” said Kathleen Hittner, president and CEO of Miriam Hospital, where Carpenter was physician-in-chief from 1986 to 1998. “His interaction with patients is remarkable — he has an ability to communicate with patients in words and expressions they can understand.” “He is an incredibly generous mentor and a remarkably humble person given the magnitude of his achievements and the impressiveness of his international reputation,” said Assistant Professor of Anthropology Daniel Smith, who works with Carpenter to improve treatment for HIV patients in Nigeria. “(Carpenter is) a real humanist who really cares about people and about the consequences of injustice and inequality, and he (is) inspiring to see for me and for his colleagues,” Smith added. After graduating from Princeton University and attending the

Andrew Kurtzman / Herald

Professor of Medicine Charles Carpenter received the Robert H. Williams Distinguished Chair of Medicine Award last month in recognition of his 51-year career in medicine.

Johns Hopkins University Medical School, Carpenter’s career began with an internship and residency at Johns Hopkins Hospital. After completing his residency, Carpenter had aspirations to work abroad. “My wife and I decided that we would work overseas,” Carpenter said. “It was 1961, and we went down to Washington to join the Peace Corps. However, they would not take couples, and so I came back to Hopkins and asked my chief to see if we could go overseas. He suggested Calcutta.” Carpenter arrived in Calcutta — now Kolkata, India — in the middle of a widespread cholera epidemic. While working in a hospital on the edge of the city, it became clear to him that proper hydration for afflicted patients was one of the biggest obstacles. “These people just needed fluids to survive. However, there was no water without (fever-causing) pyrogens. People who had over a

liter or so of fluid would get fever and chills, and some patients needed over 12 liters per day,” Carpenter said. Between 1962 and 1964, as director of the Johns Hopkins Research Program in Calcutta, Carpenter successfully implemented a method of oral rehydration that allowed patients to ingest filtered fluids free of pyrogens. Though Carpenter left in 1964 to become the director of the division of allergy and infectious diseases at Hopkins, his program would continue to fight cholera in Calcutta for another decade. Carpenter moved to Ohio in 1973 to take on the posts of director of the department of medicine at the University Hospitals of Cleveland and professor and chairman at Case Western Reserve University. He came to Rhode Island in 1986.

continued on page 6




Med prof wins top award for career achievements


continued from page 5

Rahul Keerthi / Herald

Over 500 faces of Brown students, faculty and staff collectively fform the Amnesty International logo in a visual petition on display in the Blue Room, part of the Brown chapter’s “The America I Believe In: Human Rights and War on Terror” series.

Turkish-Armenian concert called off following threats continued from page 1 event did not happen,” the member wrote in his e-mail. “For people who had issues, I think that the appropriate response was not to attend, instead of forcing it to cancel,” he wrote. “I think this was an honest effort on both sides aiming at nothing but to enjoy common music and food and make friends regardless of views on the past.” The member went on to write that he finds it “illogical” that people in both the Turkish and Armenian communities asked the oth-

er side to change its views before considering dialogue. “I thought dialogue was about talking, negotiating and persuading each other,” he wrote. “There is a clear contradiction.” Still, efforts to plan the event were not entirely useless, the member wrote. TCS received messages of support from both Armenians and Turks. One Armenian woman did not hear about the cancellation and still came from Cape Cod for the concert. In addition, TCS members went out to dinner and engaged in conversation with an Armenian medical

student at Brown, who also came to the concert without knowing it had been canceled. TCS members have a wide range of views about ArmenianTurkish relations, the member wrote, but they agree that “healthy, constructive dialogue is needed for a solution.” TCS will continue to look into ways to create this dialogue, the member wrote. “Now, I am convinced that bringing open-minded, reasonable people of both sides together is the solution,” he wrote. “If not, those people would not be so afraid of it.”

“After 13 years at Case Western Reserve, I wanted to do more patient care and treatment and less administrative work. Brown’s program was very young, and it seemed like a very exciting place to come to,” Carpenter said. Carpenter was appointed physician-in-chief of Miriam Hospital in 1986 and established the immunology center there the following year. “ ‘Immunology center’ is actually a euphemism,” Carpenter said. “It is an HIV clinic, but to call it that at the time would have been a stigmatizing thing. At that time, in the mid 1980s, HIV was pretty stigmatizing. It still is, to some extent.” Carpenter began his work with HIV because he felt that — like cholera — it was another serious problem not being addressed adequately. “I started seeing people with HIV infections when I moved to Rhode Island, and so began research. We worked pretty well with that and with the community to get rid of obstacles to effective treatment. Because of (the) small state size and eager legislature, we have been able to do a great deal,” he said. In the 1980s, Carpenter worked to reform and improve HIV treatment as well as extend treatments to communities where it was not

typically provided. These outreach efforts included Rhode Island’s poorer communities and the state prison system. “At one point, one of my earliest HIV patients was imprisoned. The guards had her in a bright orange jumpsuit that had ‘biological hazard’ written on the back. This inmate was discharged several days later, but other patients were infected and similarly mistreated,” Carpenter said. Carpenter’s HIV research continues today. Currently, he said, he is working to develop a microbicide for women in Africa to use to protect themselves against HIV. “The idea behind this is that, in the areas of densest HIV in Africa, the vast majority of transmission is heterosexual, and females have no way to force men to use condoms,” he said. “This method will allow women to protect themselves and their partners without needing to force their partner to use a condom.” But despite his global work and research, Carpenter said he gets the most satisfaction from training interns and residents. “You see what they accomplish, and they stay in touch with you for years. It’s wonderful to hear from and watch these guys and girls and see how they handle their medical careers.”

As RecycleMania ends, Brown’s performance remains lackluster continued from page 1 on the use of curbside weighing and accurate measurements of recycling data.” By comparison, some schools ‘estimate’ their recycling quantities. Though schools’ success is measured by the quantities recycled in eight different categories, colleges’ existing recycling programs can sometimes hurt their standing in the competition by reducing the amount of initial waste created. “Here at Brown with things like the (PAW Prints) system, we know for a fact that once we introduce that kind of system, the amount of paper we’re using — and therefore putting in recycling containers — is reduced considerably,” Teichert said. “That’s one of the challenges of this contest,” he added. “It’s always kind of a mixed message.” Schools’ rankings can be largely determined by the enthusiasm and commitment of their RecycleMania teams — not all of which are student-run, said Ed Newman, recycling and refuse manager at Ohio University and one of the creators of the original RecycleMania contest back in 2001. Rutgers’ solid performance, for example, was not a surprise, Newman said. Rutgers has a year-round recycling program with a paid coordinator. “They have a really good program, and they’ve been doing it for a long time, so they’ve prob-

ably just been improving over the years,” he said. Schools in states with stringent recycling standards, such as California and New Jersey, may also have an advantage, Teichert said. Brown could improve its future RecycleMania standings by focusing on waste diversion, Teichert said, but he added that “a whole series of incremental changes” rather than one single change, are necessary to improve the University’s results. Others suggested Brown’s poor ranking would improve if RecycleMania’s categories were defined differently. “I would like to see a new category created or some sort of distinction made for schools who actually use curbside weights rather than ‘estimations,’ ” O’Brien wrote. As the RecycleMania competition has grown and acquired widespread attention and corporate sponsors, Newman said, it has also lost some of the original intimacy. Still, he said, despite the program’s flaws, it’s important to keep sight of the contest’s real mission. “The bottom line is that we’re trying to get more recycling at our schools,” Newman said. “If the motivation is rivalry among schools, then it’s doing its job.” “I do think that it’s exciting that Brown is able to participate,” Teichert said, adding that RecycleMania is “just a way to make this fun.” The final RecycleMania rankings will be announced April 16.









Levin says Senate won’t sever Iraq funding WASHINGTON (Los Angeles Times) — The chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, Sen. Carl Levin, D-Mich., said Sunday that the Senate would not cut off funding for the Iraq war but would continue to press President Bush to push Iraqi leaders to reach a settlement to end the violence. Appearing on ABC’s “This Week,” Levin disagreed with the position voiced last week by Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid D-Nev., who said last Monday that he would co-sponsor legislation to cut off almost all money for the war in Iraq by next March. “Well, we’re not going to vote to cut funding, period,” Levin said. “Even Harry Reid acknowledged that that’s not going to happen.” Levin said he believes that a “majority” of Democrats and most of the Republicans will “vote for a bill that funds the troops, period.” Last month, the Senate and the House each voted separately to approve spending bills that would give the Bush administration about $103 billion in new funding for the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan but also set timelines for withdrawing U.S. troops from Iraq. The Senate bill sets a nonbinding target of withdrawing all combat troops by March 31, 2008, while the House bill sets a deadline of Aug. 31, 2008, for complete withdrawal. Democratic leaders in both chambers are negotiating a compromise version to send the president.

Bush to relaunch push for immigration overhaul WASHINGTON (Washington Post) — President Bush will relaunch his push for a sweeping overhaul of the nation’s immigration laws Monday in Arizona, with a fresh speech on the border, a new congressional leadership that is friendlier to his views but facing the same dynamics that scuttled his last attempt: A cooperative Senate but bipartisan opposition in the House. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., has told the White House she cannot pass a bill with Democratic votes alone, nor will she seek to enforce party discipline on the issue. Bush will have to produce at least 70 Republican votes before she considers a vote on comprehensive immigration legislation, a task that might be very difficult for a president saddled with low approval ratings.

U.S. allowed N. Korea arms sale WASHINGTON (Washington Post) — The United States did not act to prevent a recent shipment of arms from North Korea to Ethiopia, even though sketchy intelligence indicated the delivery might violate a U.N. Security Council resolution restricting North Korean arms sales, Bush administration officials said Saturday. The decision to let the shipment proceed was made by relatively low-level staffers, with little internal debate, and it was unknown to top policymakers involved in the campaign to punish Pyongyang for its test of a nuclear weapon last October, officials said. The January arms delivery occurred as Ethiopia was fighting Islamic militias in Somalia, aiding U.S. policies of combating religious extremists in the Horn of Africa.

Al-Sadr calls for anti-American protest in Najaf BY NED PARKER LOS ANGELES T IMES

BAGHDAD, Iraq — Ten U.S. soldiers were killed over the weekend as armed groups avoiding Baghdad’s security dragnet attacked with bombs and other weapons in cities and towns just outside the capital. The violence came as radical Shiite Muslim cleric Muqtada alSadr called on Iraqi soldiers and police to unite with his al-Mahdi militia to oppose the American presence in Iraq. His thousands of supporters plan to hold a protest Monday in the shrine city of Najaf against what al-Sadr considers to be America’s four-year occupation of Iraq. In Washington, meanwhile, debate between Democrats and Republicans continued over whether funding for the U.S. war effort should be tied to a deadline for the withdrawal of American forces. On Sunday, in the southern city of Mahmoudiya, a car bombing killed 17 Iraqis and wounded 26 others. The U.S. military has acknowledged that the security crackdown in Baghdad might increase attacks outside the capital. “You have the enemy trying to show it is still strong and able to move and stir fear in the population,” said U.S. military spokesman Lt. Col. Christopher Garver on Sunday. “We anticipated a movement of enemy forces and violence to the north, south, east and west of Baghdad.”

Three of the U.S. soldiers died Sunday and another was wounded when a bomb ripped their vehicle south of Baghdad, the military said in a statement. A mortar or rocket strike claimed the life of one soldier and wounded three others in a separate attack in that region. The deaths brought to at least 3,282 the number of U.S. troops killed in Iraq since March 2003, according to the Web site icasualties. org, which tracks casualties in the war. U.S. and Iraqi forces began a crackdown on insurgent and sectarian violence in the capital in midFebruary. Since then, death-squad killings have been reduced in Baghdad, but car bombings in the city have continued and violence has surged in the regions outside of the capital. The U.S. Army is in the process of inserting an additional combat brigade from its 3rd Infantry Division south of the capital to rein in insurgents fleeing Baghdad and prevent Sunni rebels from bringing car bombs and other weapons into the capital. The military also has moved a battalion of armored Stryker vehicles into Diyala to assert control. Violence has increased sharply in recent weeks in the province, which is a microcosm of Iraq, with its mixed population of Shiites, Sunnis and Kurds. Amid Sunday’s attacks, al-Sadr, whose social and political movement commands deep-rooted popular support, issued a statement in

which he urged the Iraqi forces not to obey the Americans and to unite with his al-Mahdi militia to end the U.S. presence in Iraq. He stopped short of calling for an open revolt against American troops and instead counseled his followers to be patient. Al-Sadr has ordered his followers to respect the security crackdown in Baghdad, though his forces have been involved in clashes elsewhere. His statement Sunday came after three days of fighting that pitted his al-Mahdi army against Iraqi and U.S.-led foreign troops in the south-central city of Diwaniya. “We see what is happening in the dear province of Diwaniya of preplanned troubles to drag brothers into fighting and struggle and even killing,” al-Sadr wrote. “My brothers at the al-Imam al-Mahdi army, my brothers in the security forces, enough fighting among you. This is giving success to our enemy’s plans.” Al-Sadr called for the Najaf demonstration on Monday in part to mark the fourth anniversary of the overthrow of Saddam Hussein’s regime by U.S.-led forces. His followers in Baghdad hung Iraqi national flags from their homes, streets and cars in response to their leader’s demand to put a nationalist face on coming protest. “The Americans call the 9th of April the liberation of Baghdad,” said one man who identified himself as Alaa, “but it was just an invasion and liberated the city from Saddam for them, not for us.”



Ivy Film Festival revs up for this week’s events continued from page 1 rean cinema and also very big in Europe,” Clifford said, adding that the festival organizers are flying Park in from Korea. Actor John Cho — best known for his role as Harold in the 2004 comedy “Harold and Kumar Go to White Castle” — will speak Thursday night about his experiences as a young Korean-American actor in Hollywood. Though the celebrity actors and filmmakers are certainly an attraction, according to Clifford, “the real purpose of this festival is to reach out to these filmmakers who aren’t necessarily film students, who don’t go to a film school, but make great work.” The Ivy Film Festival answers the need for a film festival that caters specifically to student filmmakers, he said. The opening night screening of student films in the Official Selection will be shown Friday in Salomon 101, followed by a panel discussion with the student filmmakers. Student films will screen throughout the day on Saturday, broken up into four programs, entitled “Challenge,” “Identify,” “Love” and “Obsess.” During a programming weekend in February, the festival programmers pared down the roughly 250 submissions to an official selection of 32 student films, Clifford said. Student films are categorized into undergraduate, graduate and international categories, with an emphasis on the undergraduate films, he said, adding that the opening night selection reflects the favorite works of the programmers. This year’s festival features four Brown student films, including the animated feature “Somedays” by Emily Friend Roberts ’08, the exper-

imental film “The Listening Project” by Maggie Perkins ’08 and two dramas — “Cigarettes and Chocolate Milk” and “The Red Balloon” — by Joseph Kuhn ’07. Kuhn, whose two films will screen Saturday, said he is excited and honored that both of his submissions made it into the festival. “Cigarettes” is about a boy and a girl obsessed with Rufus Wainwright, while “The Red Balloon” portrays a lonely boy who longs to go to Paris. Both films, made during his time at Brown, “have an obsession with music,” he said. Awards are given for undergraduate comedy, drama, animation, experimental and documentary films, as well as graduate and international films, Clifford said. The festival’s winning films will be chosen by a panel of celebrity judges, and awards will be given out to student filmmakers on Saturday night at an Oscar-style awards ceremony sponsored by Current TV, Clifford said. This year’s festival features a significant increase in corporate sponsorship. “Last year, we only had (Open Student Television Network), but this year we have OSTN, Current TV, Variety, MasterCard, Citizens (Bank). … It’s just a very large list,” Clifford said. The increase in corporate sponsorship was necessary due to a decrease in financial support from the University, Clifford said, forcing the festival to reach out to corporate sponsors and outside grants. “Actually, it works out so much better because not only did the corporate sponsors give us money, but they send us publicity materials, they help us publicize on their Web sites and it really adds to the cache of being a film festival when you have major sponsors,” Clifford

said. Festival screenings begin Monday and Tuesday nights with screenings of a selection of documentaries, including Sarah Kernochan’s Oscar-winning “Thoth” and Margaret Brown’s ’94 “Be Here to Love Me,” a profile of the life and career of singer-songwriter Townes Van Zandt. The directors of these films will sit on Saturday’s documentary filmmaking panel to discuss their work, Clifford said. The main events officially start on Wednesday, with an Avon Cinema screening of Sundance Film Festival award-nominee “Eagle vs. Shark,” which Clifford describes as a “new, Napoleon Dynamitestyle film.” A tentative addition to the schedule is a Thursday screening of “The War Tapes” by Deborah Scranton ’84, a visiting fellow at the Watson Institute for International Studies, Clifford said. A Friday screening of “A Guide to Recognizing Your Saints” will be introduced by Dito Montiel, who won the 2006 Best Director award at Sundance for the film. A Saturday morning screenwriting panel and a business seminar with the former vice chairman of Paramount, Rob Friedman P’07, are also scheduled. Industry professionals will lead workshops on art direction and editing on Saturday, as well as panel discussions on documentary filmmaking and new media. The festival will close Sunday with a screening of the 2007 festival’s winning student films and a sneak preview of Vanessa Roth’s lighthearted documentary, “Third Monday in October,” which follows 12 young candidates vying to be president of their middle school student councils against the backdrop of the 2004 presidential race.


Class sizes shrink in response to Plan for Academic Enrichment continued from page 1 grown by 6 percent since the 2001-2002 academic year, while the increase in number of courses offered during that time is almost double that at 11 percent, according to records from the Office of Institutional Research, which gathers internal information for evaluation and planning, The Plan for Academic EnrichT ment calls for Brown to “expand opportunities for students to interact with faculty,” and University officials cite the recently introduced first-year seminar program, newly added courses and an improved student-to-faculty ratio as efforts made to achieve this goal. “Clearly the freshman seminar program was one of the vehicles for (creating smaller classes),” Bergeron said. “Freshmen are in the class to interact with faculty in a more intimate — in a more direct — way,” adding that the program hoped to foster “lasting relationships” between entering freshmen and their professors. The seminar program began with 23 courses and has broadened its offerings to almost 60. Courses designated first-year seminars are limited to freshmen and are capped at 20 students. But Bergeron said she looks beyond first-years to shrink course sizes. “Upper divisions are of equal concern,” Bergeron said. “As students choose their concentrations, it’s important to have close relationships with members of the faculty.” Enrollment in smaller classes increased the most in the life sciences, according to the Office of

Institutional Research. Life sciences courses with enrollment between 11 and 20 students rose by 4 percent between 2001 and 2005, though introductory-level biology and neuroscience courses have some of the University’s highest enrollment numbers. “The thing we need now are more seminar rooms,” Bergeron said. Planned renovations of the J. Walter Wilson building — which will transform the former biology laboratory facility into a home for student support services — will create 10 new seminar rooms in the building’s Sol Koffler wing, a development Bergeron said would help the University continue to create smaller courses. The continuing effort to make class sizes smaller “really relates to undergraduate participation in research,” Bergeron said, referring to the Plan for Academic Enrichment’s iniative for enhancing undergraduate education. With an increase in the size of the faculty, research opportunities for undergraduates could increase, allowing students to spend more time in close contact with their professors outside the classroom. Bergeron said she expects the science education committee, which is charged with reviewing the University’s undergraduate science and math programs, to encourage more of these interactions. Departmental undergraduate groups, supported in part at the insistence of the Plan for Academic Enrichment, may also prove “a wonderful way to bring faculty and students together,” Bergeron added.

W. lax takes first Ivy win with narrow victory over Columbia continued from page 12 spree didn’t stop. By the end of the first half, the Lions scored two more goals to leave the score 6-5. After halftime, Columbia took control from the beginning of the second half. The Lions ran off four goals in a row to take the lead, 9-6. With only 21 minutes left in the game, Markowski helped bring Brown back once more. Taking a pass from Markowski, defender Kaitlyn Giles ’10 scored the first goal for Brown in a 25minute span. Giles’ goal started the Bears on five-goal run, with Mimi DeTolla ’08 and Markowski alternating tallies. With 12 minutes remaining, Brown boasted a two-goal lead, 11-9. “Luckily, we dug ourselves out of a hole when Columbia was starting to get momentum,” McCarthy said. “We really pulled it together as a team, everyone played their hardest and knew that the game was for our taking.” Columbia still refused to give up. Lombard scored one more

goal for the Lions with nine minutes remaining to close within one. At 2:23, Ryan appeared to even the score, but her goal was disallowed for a crease violation. The Bears held the defense line and prevented the Lions from tying the score. After much back and forth play by both teams, the game eventually concluded at 1110. McCarthy said the key to Brown’s victory was its ability to control most of the 50-50 balls and the draws. The Bears had 17 ground balls to Columbia’s 14, and finished with 14 draw controls to Columbia’s nine. “(We also came) up with some huge plays defensively and capitalized on our offensive opportunities,” McCarthy said. Goaltender Melissa King ’08 made six saves in net. “It was a fun game to play and great to have an Ivy win under our belt,” McCarthy said. The Bears will continue to work their way through the Ancient Eight when they travel to Ithaca, N.Y., to play against Cornell Friday.

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5 goals from Caldwell ’10 help m. lax put down Bulldogs continued from page 12 Shields said. “They found some cutters through the middle, but as the game progressed we took it upon ourselves individually to not let our opponents beat us one-on-one.” Brown emerged from the early funk, tying the game in the final two minutes of the period with goals from midfielders Zach Caldwell ’10 and Jeff Hall ’08. Hall’s score came with just five seconds remaining in the quarter when he drove left and found the back of the net from an almost-impossible angle, nearly from behind the goal. In its first game since its resounding 11-3 defeat at the hands of then-No. 18 University of Notre Dame, Brown showed no lingering effects of the beating. Shields said the team “came out with more of an edge” on Saturday. Head Coach Lars Tiffany ’90 said he was not surprised that his team bounced back so well. “We had a good tough practice on Monday,” Tiffany said. “We weren’t negative all week because of the Notre Dame game.” Brown’s two goals in the sec-

ond quarter came from attackman Kyle Hollingsworth ’09. He almost finished off a hat trick in the period when he found himself all alone in transition, but he had his shot saved by Yale goaltender George Carafides. Despite the Bears’ high energy level throughout the game, Yale matched Brown’s intensity throughout. The Bulldogs took a 65 lead into halftime. The go-ahead goal with 1:24 left in the half was one of two scores by Yale that were deflected by goalie Jordan Burke ’09 and just barely trickled over the goal line. Again, the Bears proved to be a strong second-half team, scoring the first three goals of the third quarter. Caldwell had his third and fourth goals of the game four minutes apart to open the scoring. The Bears’ fourth tally was an absurd play where Caldwell drove right, spun, was hit by a Yale defenseman — drawing a penalty — and ripped a shot as he fell. His shot somehow found the back of the net to give Brown a 7-6 advantage. Tiffany said Caldwell was so successful because of the way Yale

W. water polo loses to Hartwick W continued from page 12 played strongly, contributing a goal and drawing three ejections. Despite the 16 goals allowed, Stephanie Laing ’10 had a busy day in the goal, recording eight saves in the loss. The loss was a disappointing one for Brown, which had hoped to build momentum heading into the home stretch of the regular season and the postseason with another upset of a higher-ranked team. The Bears have two wins over Top 20 opponents this season, with those wins coming against No. 17 University of Michigan on March 18 and against Long Beach State on March 27. Brown will finish the regular season with four games in five days, all on the road against Northern Division opponents. On Tuesday, the Bears will take on Connecticut College in New Lon-

don, Conn., followed by a game at Harvard on Thursday. On Saturday, the team will travel to Utica, N.Y., to play back-to-back games against Utica College and Queens College. At the moment, Brown sits in third place in the conference. The following weekend, on April 21 and 22, the Bears will compete in the Northern Division Championships, where they may have to go through Hartwick to win the title. Brown still has a few things to straighten out before turning its attention to the postseason, according to Gall. “Scoring on our offensive opportunities is probably the first thing we need to work on,” Gall said. “We need to remember that our best games and our best effort are when we are working as a team and playing good defense. Solid defense will give us the opportunity to go far in the playoffs.”

M. crew beats BU on Charles continued from page 12 replacement was found. (Still), it was a very strong showing and indicative of our depth.” Coughlin paid tribute to BU’s efforts and expressed his satisfaction with his own squad’s performance. “We always expect BU to be a very physical team. They have a lot of international rowers with world-class experience,” he said. “Our training over the winter has paid off, and we had a very good first race, which we are looking to improve upon for next week’s race against Harvard.” The novice eight also demonstrated why it is one of the favorites in its division this season, with a resounding 19-second victory over BU’s second eight in a time of 6:18.8. Even more impressively, the second varsity boat’s time was eight seconds faster than BU’s first varsity boat, highlight-

ing the level of depth in Brown’s program. The novice eights showed no signs of the nerves that afflicted the team last year, with the first boat storming to a 12.3-second victory over the Terriers in a time of 6:17.6. The Bears’ third varsity boat took the final race of the day in 6:14.2, a full 15 seconds ahead of the closest Terrier boat. Next weekend, Brown travels to Harvard for what appears to be a battle for number one in the EARC after Princeton’s mediocre performance this weekend, dispatching Rutgers University by only 6.5 seconds. Harvard showed considerably less mercy on its University of Pennsylvania and United States Naval Academy opponents, defeating them by 16.4 and 8.3 seconds respectively. The Bears will race against Harvard on Saturday on the Charles River in Boston.

played Brown on defense. “(Zach’s match-up) was a matchup we looked for,” Tiffany said. “The Yale defense put that match up in front of us. They didn’t slide toward the dodge. They were very man-to-man oriented. It became ‘Who can run by their guy and make shots?’ ” Caldwell proved so effective at beating his man one-on-one that the Yale defense adapted in the fourth quarter, sliding as he dodged and forcing him to give the ball up to a teammate. Caldwell, taking what the Bulldog defense gave him, adjusted as well, utilizing his teammates and his passing to score the game-winner. With less than three minutes remaining in the 9-9 game, Caldwell led the offense into the Yale offensive zone. He passed to tri-captain midfielder Alex Buckley ’07, whose defender had slid off to help with Caldwell. Buckley took the ball to the left until he was even with the net, drew the defense’s attention and found Caldwell all alone in the middle of the field, 17 feet from the goal. Caldwell calmly received the pass, wound up and fired a shot

past Carafides. “The game-winner was an amazing play by Buckley,” Tiffany said. “He made a great left-handed pass.” Caldwell agreed. “Buckley made a great dodge,” he said. “He got deep and drew my man. … It was my first wide-open shot of the year. All my other shots have come on the run.” Midfielder Charlie Kenney ’10 won the subsequent face-off, allowing Brown to milk the clock and left Yale with only one unsuccessful opportunity in the last minute to tie the game. Face-offs — which have been an Achilles’ heel for Brown all season — could have been an area of trouble entering the game because Yale was ranked third nationally in face-off win percentage at .645. But Kenney and the rest of the face-off men for Brown held their own throughout, edging Yale 12-11 on the day. The Bears will have a quick turnaround from the win. They travel to Harvard on Tuesday to face the Crimson in the first night lacrosse game in the history of Harvard Stadium.

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We accept ‘Rejected’ The three visual art concentrators who created and organized “Rejected — the other student art show” should be commended for their ingenuity in starting a show intended as an antithesis of the official Student Art Show. They should also be congratulated for taking pride in their artwork, even though it was deemed unworthy of display in the official show last month. More than a commentary on the subjectivity of art, the show is an encouraging example of Brown students’ initiative — taken outside the prescribed boundaries. Brown famously encourages individual expression without judgment according to canonical standards. Though this should perhaps be especially true in the arts, the students who submitted their art to “Rejected” clearly felt their own work was snubbed without sufficient reason. Art in a college setting is valuable not simply for its critical merit but for its appeal to students interested in their peers’ accomplishments. Limited on-campus gallery space, a mere handful of slots for student-curated shows and the priority granted to shows by professional artists already present enough obstacles to Brown student artists eager to display their work. The Student Art Show and senior thesis shows represent the two primary opportunities for students to show their own work, but in the course of what for some is a four-year art career, two opportunities are far too few. Too often, art students at Brown pour hours of work into projects of high quality worthy of acclaim but are denied an opportunity to display their work. “Rejected” demonstrates a few students’ refusal to accept that the subjective decisions of a panel of judges are the last word on a piece of art’s value. As college students, Brown’s artists should be encouraged to produce work, expect it will be shown and anticipate feedback from the voices of many viewers, rather than a select few judges. PETE FALLON

Wasted threats Students without ties to the Armenian Students Association or the Turkish Cultural Society may not have even known the groups were planning a concert for Friday night, much less that it was canceled. But the joint effort represented the Brown student organizations’ attempt to contribute to a larger effort to reconcile historic divisions between Turkish and Armenian communities over past injustice. The concert’s cancellation in the face of threats and opposition represents the loss of an opportunity to take a step forward that would have been meaningful for the local Turkish and Armenian communities. We know it is naive to think this joint effort at Brown — and dialogue alone — might help mend the rift between the two groups on a larger scale. The heated tension, stemming from mass killings in the early 20th century that are increasingly described in this country as the “Armenian genocide,” will cool only gradually over time, if at all. Still, despite the enormity of the global tensions, there is hope that Armenians and Turks can come to understand each other on an individual and local level, within their own communities. The concert slated for Friday was just such an effort. Dedicated to Turkish-Armenian journalist Hrant Dink — who was slain by a Turkish nationalist earlier this year, while the concert at Brown was still in its planning stages — it was a well-intentioned endeavor to promote dialogue between the Turkish and Armenian communities here on College Hill and in the surrounding area. As a member of TCS told The Herald, “I think this was an honest effort on both sides aiming at nothing but to enjoy common music and food and make friends regardless of views on the past.” Threatening those involved in this attempt at dialogue and, ultimately, forcing its cancellation helps no one and merely injures the well-intentioned efforts of students seeking to make a small difference.

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Peterson was not constructive To the Editor: First it was Nonie Darwish, then it was Jesse Lee Peterson and there are surely many more to come — speakers who make a name for themselves by criticizing their own suffering people. Under the guise of reform, these speakers simply bash their own people with largely unfounded and under-researched statements. Their goal is to provoke reactions, polarize people’s opinions and make a buck or two in the process. What is the reasoning behind inviting such people to speak at prestigious schools and panels? The only reason I can think of is to justify the continued misery of oppressed people, criticize any attempts at solutions and turn a blind eye to prejudice. Jesse Lee Peterson, speaking to a largely non-black

audience on March 20, stated that black people shouldn’t be called “African Americans,” just “Americans,” as if their origins and identity were of no importance (“Peterson criticizes black leadership in America,” March 21). He is known to disapprove of economic initiatives that support black people and thinks the problem with the African-American community is due entirely to moral and religious problems within the community itself. Whether approving of racial profiling or denouncing affirmative action, these type of speakers simply say what many racists would like to say — but can’t so openly. Omar Lansari GS April 5

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As the academic endgame begins, we’re all going to be surrounded by lecture notes, study guides, academic papers and — if we’re really lucky — long, poorly written books of questionable relevance and dubious interest. In those works will be far too many facts to memorize, models to learn and arguments to understand. For those writing a thesis, this process has long since begun, as has the inevitable question of “Why am I doing this again?” And after a few weeks, it’s going to seem as if this work has lost all its purpose, and indeed, all of the joy which genuine academic learning can so often provide. But when that happens, it’s worth remembering the simple wonders of what we study and how it can elegantly explain the world around us. In the last week, the journal Nature announced that a team led by Olaf Bininda-Edmonds had completed a study on the history of mammalian evolution. They looked at the DNA sequences of over 4,000 different species, and by comparing the differences between organisms, were able to determine that our little segment of the tree of life dates back over 160 million years — deep in the age of dinosaurs — and far longer than

had been generally conceived. Step back, and consider the implications of that study: By using our own genes and those of cats, kangaroos and rats, scientists are able to tell that our ancestors have been on Earth for many more millions of years than previously thought. A little bit of our history, of our past, suddenly becomes clearer — and that’s a beautiful thing.

well-known that they have lost much of their meaning. But if you actually go to Independence Hall and stand only a few feet away from the table where the United States began or the chair where George Washington sat, if you’re very lucky, you’ll be able to feel a visceral connection to history — that the trajectory of the country we now live within changed irrevocably within those walls.

I hope that we can take just a little time to look at the material we’re studying with more than a test-taking eye — to discover the meaning and the joy that underlies its findings and implications. Let’s say that 100-million-year-old genetic sequences aren’t your cup of tea, and perhaps more recent history is more to your interest. Two hundred and fi fty-four years ago, a building was constructed in the city of Philadelphia. In the intervening years, American independence would be declared within its walls, and a Constitution, still in use today, would be debated, written and signed. All of these facts are well-known today, perhaps so

Rarely can the past and the present so clearly intersect — but when it does, it proves an important reminder that knowledge is not merely a passive thing to be studied but an active reality to be lived. Finally, for those with an astronomical bent, who have grown tired of learning azimuth angles, consider this: Scientists have long known that planets circle stars beyond our own sun and that our solar system is far

from unique — a stunning fact in its own right. But researchers have recently reported evidence of planets orbiting a double star, a solar system with two suns, which suggests that planets may in fact be far more common than previously thought — and perhaps even the norm — rather than a curious exception as was once thought. Our own world, our own collection of eight (or nine) planets, may only be a single, somewhat staid, example of the universe. Think about this the next time you look up at the stars: Orbiting around those pinpricks of light is a collection of dust clouds — and, perhaps, a planet. We don’t yet have the technology to know if those worlds are comparable in class to Earth. But in 20 years, we likely will. And that is far more inspiring than a basic calculus exam ever could be. Will the time between the end of spring break and the end of exam season be filled with these sorts of discoveries? No, and I imagine that the search for coffee will be far more important than the search for wonder. But I hope that we can take just a little bit to look at the material we’re studying with more than a purely test-taking eye — to discover the meaning and the joy that underlies its findings and implications. At the very least, it will make the hours in the SciLi more bearable, and it has the potential to make the work we do within those walls far more meaningful and far more powerful.

Joey Borson ’07 procrastinates by asking himself the big questions.

McCain more than misspeaks about Iraq KATY CRANE OPINIONS COLUMNIST

On Sunday, in an interview on “60 Minutes,” Sen. John McCain, R-Ariz. finally made a guarded apology for the remarks he made about Iraqi security following his visit to Baghdad last week. “Of course I’m going to misspeak,” he said, “and I’ve done it on numerous occasions, and I probably will do it in the future. I regret that when I divert attention to something I said from my message, but you know, that’s just life.” As an apology, McCain’s statement came across as more of an accusation. Since reboarding the “Straight Talk Express” and advertising the openness of his campaign, McCain has seemed increasingly intolerant of the media’s tendency to take him up on it. An Associated Press article from several weeks ago quoted McCain as saying, “I hope there’s a statute of limitations on saying stupid things.” In the age of YouTube, this may be a naive hope, but it is not an entirely vain one. It is true that some recent political campaigns have crumpled and fallen under the weight of one ill-judged or mangled phrase, but it is equally true that President George W. Bush managed to win re-election despite having said enough stupid things to fill several published volumes. What McCain does not seem to realize, however, is that his supposed openness means nothing if he is not prepared to take his chances with the results. And results are

just what he failed to acknowledge in Sunday’s interview. McCain’s apology would have been insufficient even if he had done nothing more than misrepresent the state of Iraq’s security. McCain’s statement to radio host Bill Bennett that “there are neighborhoods in Baghdad where you and I could walk” could be dismissed as an accidental exaggeration, if not for McCain’s novel way of defending himself. In telling CNN’s John Roberts two days later, “I’m not saying they could go without protection,” McCain essentially admitted to having

contradicted, and it is clear that the American people deserve more from McCain than yesterday’s grudging admission of error. Of course, McCain would not be apologizing at all if his visit to Baghdad had been successful. Unfortunately for his campaign, the visit itself took him far beyond the point at which he could have rhetorically backtracked. After calling in over 100 American soldiers and putting on an elaborate show in order to avoid looking like a liar, apologizing only for the lie itself seems particularly pointless.

Since reboarding the “Straight Talk Express” and advertising the openness of his campaign, McCain has seemed increasingly intolerant of the media’s tendency to take him up on it. lied. Well-informed and sarcastic listeners may have mentally added the words “with body armor, soldiers and attack helicopters” to McCain’s speech, but he can hardly have hoped that they would do so. Add to that McCain’s earlier claim that General Petraeus rides around Baghdad in an unarmed humvee, a claim that the general’s staff instantly

McCain also failed to acknowledge the most serious aspect of his visit to the Shorja market — the people whom he casually endangered. Wearing bulletproof vests and protected by soldiers, snipers and attack helicopters, McCain and his fellow congressmen strolled casually around the market, buying rugs and talking to merchants. One

congressman compared Shorja to “a normal outdoor market in Indiana.” Yet as a New York Times article revealed the next day, those market workers whose friendliness so delighted the congressmen were under no illusions about the nature of the visit. A merchant who called himself Abu Samer offered a particularly stinging analysis of the situation. “He is just using this visit for publicity. He is just using it for himself ... He will win in America, and we will have nothing.” He added that McCain’s visit would only make his own job more dangerous, since “every time the government announces something — that the electricity is good or the water supply is good — the insurgents come to attack it immediately.” The U.S. embassy in Baghdad evidently shared the merchants’ fears, since an embassy official refused to give out the name of the market to reporters. But as Abu Samer explained to the New York Times, this foresight did the merchants no good, since they had no choice but to keep showing up for work. The day after McCain’s visit, when Shorja market was no longer ringed by increased security and circled by attack helicopters, Abu Samer’s predictions were borne out. Insurgents bound 21 Shorja market workers and shot them to death north of Baghdad. And it is this chain of events, part farce, part tragedy, that McCain dismissed yesterday as ““just life.” Misspeaking and even lying may be “just “ life.” But a lie that causes 21 deaths — that’s just the opposite. Katy Crane ’07 can eat 50 eggs.




5 goals from Caldwell ’10 help m. lax put down Bulldogs BY JASON HARRIS SPORTS STAFF WRITER

Jacob Melrose / Herald Zach Caldwell ’10 (left) rang up five goals against Yale on Saturday to lead the Bears to a 10-9 victory. After the final whistle, a Yale player (right) reacts to the loss, which dropped the Bulldogs to 0-4 in the Ivy League.


After wrapping up a successful 5-3 road trip to California, which included a win over No. 15 Long Beach State University, the No. 19 women’s water polo team hoped to carry the momentum generated in the Golden State into its remaining regular season games. But the team had a disappointing result Saturday, when No. 13 Hartwick College took an early lead and never looked back, winning convincingly 16-5. The Bears, who had already dropped a Feb. 24 game to the Hawks, fell to 14-8 overall with the loss, 1-2 against Northern Division opponents.


The third-ranked men’s rowing team put on an impressive display in defeating Boston University on the Charles River in Boston on Saturday. In a slight headwind, the varsity eight simply proved to be too powerful for the Terriers, recording a 13.4-second victory with a time of 6:13.4. Brown edged the Terriers in three other races during the afternoon as well. For the spring season, the varsity eight lineup welcomed the addition of two members, Rob O’Leary ’09 and Gareth Seymour ’09, both of whom exhibited the strength necessary to fill the void left by the graduation of Steven Van Knotsenburg ’06. Also impressive was the debut of Sam Searle ’07 at stroke, who showed composure in leading the boat for the first time. Co-captain Dave Coughlin ’07 was quick to point out that course conditions made it difficult for both crews to put on their prettiest display of the season. “The race was cold with a cross headwind,” he said. “The varsity broke an oar in the warm-up and had to be delayed on the water while a


The women’s lacrosse team won its first Ivy League game of the season Saturday, taking down Columbia in an action-packed game at Stevenson Field. The Bears defeated the Lions 11-10, giving Brown a 1-1 record in the Ivy League, 4-6 overall. The game heated up quickly after the opening draw. The Lions’ senior midfielder, Kate Lombard, scored the first goal of the game after just 36 seconds.


FRIDAY, DAY APRIL 6 DAY, M. TENNIS: Princeton 5, Brown 2 W. TENNIS: Princeton 7, Brown 0

SATURDAY, ATURDAY APRIL 7 ATURDAY, BASEBALL: Brown 9, Columbia 2; Brown 8, Columbia 1 M. CREW: Varsity Eight - No. 3 Brown 6:13.4, Boston University 6:26.8 W. CREW: Varsity Eight - No. 1 Brown 6:28.5, Rutgers 6:50.5 EQUESTRIAN: 2nd of 4 teams, Zone 1 Championship M. LACROSSE: Brown 10, Yale 9 W. LACROSSE: Brown 11, Columbia 10 SOFTBALL: Columbia 6, Brown 3; Columbia 5, Brown 4 M. TENNIS: Penn 5, Brown 2

In the first six minutes of the game, Hartwick scored three times before Brown was able to get on the board. The first quarter ended with the Hawks leading 3-1. In the second period, Hartwick pulled away by scoring back-to-back goals only 16 seconds apart, with 5:54 and 5:38 remaining. The Hawks struck for four more goals in the period, including two goals scored even quicker — just 28 seconds apart — with 1:56 and 1:28 left in the quarter. Despite two goals of its own, Bruno trailed 93 at halftime. In the third period, Hartwick found the net four more times, expanding its lead to 13-4. The

Hawks continued to attack in the final period, putting in three more scores and allowing the Bears just one goal, to make the final score 16-5. “We definitely didn’t play as a team,” said Head Coach Jason Gall. “On defense, we weren’t communicating well. … There was a lack of intensity and hustle on defense, as well. Offensively, we were creating a lot of opportunities to score but weren’t getting the ball to the open person at the right time.” Lauren Presant ’10 led the Bears with two goals and also drew three ejections, and cocaptain Elizabeth Balassone ’07 continued on page 9

Behind the dominating play of its starting batteries, the baseball team (9-13, 4-2 Ivy League) easily swept Columbia (10-16-1, 5-5 Ivy) Saturday in a doubleheader at home. The near-freezing game-time temperatures didn’t affect starting pitchers Jeff Dietz ’08 and James Cramphin ’07, who both pitched deep into their respective games. And they definitely didn’t bother catcher Devin Thomas ’07, who went 7-for-7 with six RBIs on the day, hitting a monstrous threerun home run over the right-field scoreboard in the first game. The Bears got an early lead in the first game thanks to Thomas’ RBI single in the first that drove in center fielder Steve Daniels ’09. Thomas then gave Brown a 40 lead in the third inning after his two-out homer. The Bears added insurance runs in the fi fth and seventh innings, and Dietz allowed just two runs in his seven-inning, complete-game victory, his second such game of the Ivy season. Tricaptain infielder Bryan Tews ’07 drove in two runs with a triple in the 9-2 win. As good as Dietz was in game one, Cramphin was even more spectacular in game two. Cramphin shut out the Lions for eight innings and left the game with one out in the ninth after allowing just one run on four hits and striking out 11 batters. Dietz and third baseman Robert Papenhause ’09 both hit two-run homers in the 81 victory, and Tews hit a two-run double. The team’s Sunday doubleheader against the University of Pennsylvania was postponed until today because of cold weather and the chance of snow. The first pitch is scheduled for 11 a.m. — Stu Woo

W. lax takes first Ivy win with narrow victory over Columbia

continued on page 9


continued on page 9

No. 13 Hartwick puts hurt on w. water polo

M. crew leaves Terriers in wake on the Charles


The men’s lacrosse team has proven to have a flair for lategame dramatics at home this season. For the third time in four home games, the Bears pulled out a one-goal win by scoring late in the fourth quarter, this time downing Yale 109. The Bears improved their record to 6-3 and 1-1 in the Ivy League with the victory. Brown also continued its other season-long trend Sunday by starting slowly. Yale jumped out to a 3-1 lead late in the first quarter, and Brown seemed incapable of putting its shots on net. Tri-captain defenseman Bobby Shields ’07 said he felt the defense really turned the game around after struggling with the initial Yale onslaught. “They had a good offensive plan against our defense,”

Starting batteries lead baseball’s charge


W. TENNIS: Penn 7, Brown 0 M. TRACK: 2nd of 8 teams, UConn Alumni Invitational W. TRACK: 2nd of 8 teams, UConn Alumni Invitational W. WATER POLO: Hartwick 16, Brown 5

SUNDAY, DAY APRIL 8 DAY, M. GOLF: 4th of 20 teams, Yale Spring Opener SOFTBALL: Penn 3, Brown 2; Penn 14, Brown 6

MONDAY, DAY APRIL 9 DAY, BASEBALL: vs. Penn, Aldrich Dexter Field, 11 a.m. (DH)

However, Brown soon struck back. Kara Kelly ’10 and Jesse Nunn ’09 scored goals at 25:57 and 22:14 respectively, both assisted by Molly McCarthy ’10. With a 2-1 lead, McCarthy got one of her own at 14:51 to increase the Brown advantage. McCarthy finished the game with five points, four of them on assists. She attributed her success to the team’s “great communication, midfield presence and good movement on attack … my teammates made it easy for me to feed them.” Matching McCarthy with five points was Meghan Markowski ’10. She scored two back-to-back goals 36 seconds apart, which increased Brown’s lead to 5-1 with 12 minutes left in the first half. Brown’s momentum stalled from there. Rachael Ryan of Columbia scored an unassisted goal with seven minutes to go. Teammate Holly Glynn scored another goal 30 seconds later to make the score 5-3. Even after Brown added another goal, Columbia’s scoring continued on page 8

Jacob Melrose / Herald Molly McCarthy ’10 (right) had four assists and five points in the Bears’ 11-10 win over Columbia on Saturday. She has 17 assists on the season so far.

Monday, April 9, 2007  
Monday, April 9, 2007  

The April 9, 2007 issue of the Brown Daily Herald