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T U E S D A Y SEPTEMER 3, 2002


An independent newspaper serving the Brown community since 1891

RI native Darren McPeak ’02.5 dies in Aug. 26 car accident KERRY MILLER

Josh Apte / Herald

The inclement weather on Monday didn’t dampen the spirits of Nick Horton ’04 and Beth Brandon ’04 as they prepared for the first day of classes today. Despite the rain,Thayer Street was packed with students running last minute errands and visiting the Brown Bookstore to purchase textbooks.

A Brown senior and former hockey player died last Monday in a car crash on Route 116 in Smithfield, R.I. Darren McPeak ’02.5 was pronounced dead at the scene after his car apparently crossed the median and collided with a fire truck moving in the opposite direction. The 23-year-old was from Smithfield and a business economics concentrator. His mother, Karen McPeak, said her son was leaning toward a career in investment banking. Before his death, McPeak was about to begin an internship with the investment firm Salomon Smith Barney, she said. McPeak was on leave from the University during the spring semester. “He was a real smiley guy,” his mother said in a phone interview from her Smithfield home. ”He always had a nice smile for everyone.” McPeak played ice hockey in high school for LaSalle Academy and Northfield Mount Hermon Darren McPeak ’02.5 School, and played for Brown’s hockey team as a first-year. “He was a real solid, hard-working kid, whose death is certainly a tragic loss for everybody,” said Roger Grillo, head coach of the men’s hockey team. “He was a real good hockey player, a great kid and very well liked.” Though McPeak left the hockey team as a first-year, Grillo said he remained close with many of his fellow players. Karen McPeak said her son was “very athletic” and was an avid golfer. He also enjoyed specialty cars, she said, and spent a lot of time working on his 1969 Pontiac Firebird. “The University was saddened by the news of Darren McPeak’s death,” Dean of the College Paul Armstrong said in a prepared statement. “We extend our deepest sympathies and condolences to his family and friends on and off campus.” McPeak’s mother said no memorial service is planned at this time. McPeak was buried on Friday in a private ceremony at St. Philip’s Church in Greenville. Herald staff writer Kerry Miller ’04 can be reached at

Another new face in U. Hall, Huidekoper prepares for arrival at Brown BY JULIETTE WALLACK

President Ruth Simmons made her fourth major administrative appointment last month, naming a Harvard University vice president as the University’s top financial officer. Elizabeth Huidekoper, who served as vice president for finance at Harvard since 1996, will begin her job as vice president for finance and administration on Oct. 15. She fills the void created by the departure of Donald Reaves, who left in July to take the equivalent position at the University of Chicago. Huidekoper comes to Brown at a pivotal time, as the University starts to implement Simmons’ capitalintensive Initiative for Academic Enrichment and gears up for a fundraising campaign. The vice president for finance and administration is the chief financial officer of the University, overseeing the financial aspects of University programs and the implementation of Simmons’ initiatives. Huidekoper led Harvard’s first university-wide fundraising campaign, as well as other capital programs and projects. “My job (at Harvard) has been to bring together people from all over the institution, to build consensus on

areas of common concern and opportunity, to effect change and to generate new resources for key strategic goals,” Huidekoper wrote in an e-mail to The Herald. Though Brown is smaller than Harvard, she wrote that her new job will be similar in many ways to the one she holds at Harvard. But Huidekoper’s duties at Brown will not be entirely identical to her responsibilities at Harvard, she wrote. There, Huidekoper is focused on assessing and evaluating of the fiscal health of the undergraduate school, nine professional schools and affiliates. “At Brown, I will have the opportunity to have more direct responsibility for the management of all administrative resources for one integrated entity,” she wrote. Being part of a smaller community will allow Huidekoper to be closer to teaching and research activities. Last year, Harvard had 19,539 students enrolled in undergraduate and graduate degree programs, while Brown had only 7,333. “I will be part of a smaller and, I believe, more focused team,” she wrote. Laura Freid, executive vice president of public affairs and University relations, worked with Huidekoper

when both women were at Harvard. Freid wrote in an e-mail to The Herald that Huidekoper brings with her energy, ability and great leadership. Simmons’ initiatives, which include adding 80 new courses and sections, rewiring buildings for Computing and Information Services upgrades and instituting need blind admission for the Class of 2007, “require a balanced budget, efficient administrative systems and a very competent administration,” Freid wrote. “Huidekoper’s range of experience and talents will be a great benefit to everyone who is working on these initiatives and to the entire community,” Freid wrote. Like the three other recent administrative arrivals, Huidekoper comes to Brown from one of the nation’s most prestigious institutions less than a year after Simmons arrived at Brown. Last spring, Simmons announced the appointments of Provost Robert Zimmer from the University of Chicago, Executive Vice President for Planning Richard Spies from Princeton University and Executive Vice

I N S I D E T U E S D AY, S E P T E M B E R 3 , 2 0 0 2 Mayoral hopeful Joseph Paolino talks to The Herald about his campaign goals page 3

Mr. Potato Head returns to R.I. in name of helping hunger awareness page 3

Students express satisfaction with renovated housing in Minden Hall page 5

see HUIDEKOPER, page 4

TO D AY ’ S F O R E C A S T Sanders Kleinfeld ’03 asks ‘when did vegetarianism become a religion?’ column,page 15

Women’s crew basks in glory of June’s NCAA victory, the team’s third title in four years page 16

mostly cloudy high 76 low 65


THIS MORNING TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 3, 2002 · PAGE 2 Pornucopia Eli Swiney





High 76 Low 65 mostly cloudy

High 81 Low 62 showers

High 80 Low 57 sunny

High 74 Low 59 sunny GRAPHICS BY TED WU

DMAAG: Divorced, Middle-Aged, Alcoholic Gang Yuri Zhukov and Dash Riprock

CALENDAR OPENING CONVOCATION — "The Future Ain’t What it Used to Be," Andy van Dam, Brown. Main Green, 11 a.m.

CROSSWORD y ACROSS 1 Moby Dick’s pursuer 5 Mathematician Newton 10 Would-be D.A.’s exam 14 Drafted, as a will 15 Medicinal plant 16 Oaxaca “other” 17 Sorcery 19 Seize 20 Officially permitted 21 Iditarod cry 22 Ring tactics 23 Sneaker hole 25 Playground plank 27 Track happening 29 Having nary a drop 32 Subsides 35 Southernmost Central American country 39 Quite a lode 40 Cong. go-getter 41 This puzzle’s theme 42 Dogpatch adjective 43 Debtor’s letters 44 Slow down 45 Unappetizing fare 46 Fine pancake 48 Work with flour 50 Took shape 54 Refuse to talk 58 Sense 60 Light brown 62 Make amends 63 Like some advanced exams 64 Ghost story reaction 66 Steward’s offer, perhaps 67 Leprechaun relatives 68 Give forth 69 For fear that 70 Oboist’s purchases 71 Without DOWN 1 Stroll 2 Rock music’s Bill __ and His Comets


3 “Too many cooks...,” for one 4 Deprives of wind 5 Doctrine 6 Tailor’s line 7 Cattle breed of Scottish origin 8 Liqueur flavoring 9 Hidden supply 10 Obstructive pileup 11 Informal opinion sampling 12 Yemenite, for one 13 File folders’ features 18 Swiss abstractionist Paul 24 Home where the buffalo roam 26 Salty septet 28 Acidic 30 Small chamber group 31 Puppy’s summons 32 Grand-scale tale 33 Clod 34 Duds for dudes 36 Org. with many arms?

53 Hit from a tee 55 “Throw __ from the Train” 56 Remove, as a badge 57 Nuisances 58 Chickens, e.g. 59 Cleveland’s waterfront 61 Second-hand 65 Mountain road feature

37 Publicizes 38 First-aid provider 41 Songwriter Jacques 45 Art of stone 47 Bit of shotgun ammo 49 Exerciser’s target 51 French cubist Fernand 52 Jules’ school

Quién quiere saber? Juan Nuñez

























One More Try Jacob Reidel


Stumped? Call 1-900-226-4413. 99 cents a minute 1









24 27 33



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Cookie’s Grandma is Jewish Saul Kerschner










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By Lynn Lempel (c)2002 Tribune Media Services, Inc.

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THE RATTY LUNCH — vegetarian corn and tomato soup, bacon and bean soup, turkey pie with cornbread, baked polenta, Mexican corn, Rice Krispie treats DINNER —vegetarian corn and tomato soup, seafood jambalaya, beef with lemon sauce, tofu parmesan, barley pilaf, sugar snap peas, Italian vegetable saute, old fashioned white bread, chocolate sundae cake

VDUB LUNCH — vegetarian corn and tomato soup, bean and bacon soup, shaved steak sandwich, linguini with tomatoes and basil, vegan roasted vegetable stew, sunny sprouts, Rice Krispie treats DINNER — vegetarian corn and tomato soup, bean and bacon soup, London broil, vegan rice and beans, roasted red potatoes, Oregon blend vegetables, roasted asparagus, old fashioned white Bread, chocolate cake

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IN BRIEF Potato Heads fill plates in effort to end hunger, aid food bank Hasbro’s Mr. Potato Head will return to Rhode Island this January on a campaign to help eradicate hunger across the state. The famous toy, which was released just three years ago across the Ocean State in an effort to boost tourism, will be available next year on automobile license plates, with proceeds going to the Rhode Island Community Food Bank. The goal of the plate sales is to increase public knowledge as much as to generate funds for the bank, said Wayne Charness, Hasbro vice president and a member of the food bank’s board of directors. “We thought it was a wonderful way to help raise awareness for the hunger situation here,” Charness told The Herald. “The goal is to help Rhode Island become the first hunger-free state,” he said. Oxfam President Vanessa Saal ’03, who coordinated the Hunger 101 program through Hillel in conjunction with the food bank, agreed that programs that raise awareness are important in the movement to eradicate hunger. “Raising awareness helps to make people more practical in the way they do things,” Saal said. The $40 plates will feature an image of Mr. Potato Head, complete with a moustache and a Rhode Island Community Food Bank sign. The words “Help End Hunger” are printed across the bottom of the plate. Though the initiative is still in its infancy, Charness said close to 300 plates have already been sold. Half of the proceeds will go directly to providing food, with the other half going to finance the food bank’s administrative needs. The initiative also celebrates the 50th anniversary of Mr. Potato Head, which was created by the Hasbro Company in 1952. The toy has a long history of participating in projects for the common good. Before campaigning for tourism and hunger causes in Rhode Island, Mr. Potato Head gave up his pipe and became a centerpiece of the Great American Smokeout, a cancer awareness initiative that is celebrating its 25th anniversary this year. The plates will be available for pickup at the Rhode Island Division of Motor Vehicles beginning Jan. 2 and are valid through Dec. 31, 2004. — Marion Billings

With sentencing one week away, Cianci prepares for possible prison time Mayor Vincent Cianci became Providence’s longestserving mayor three years ago, and if federal prosecutors have their way this week, he could win that title again. Cianci, who will be sentenced on Sept. 6 for racketeering conspiracy, faces up to 20 years in prison for using his political power for personal gain. Prosecutors have asked Chief U.S. District Judge Ernest Torres to sentence Cianci to prison for 10 years and fine him $100,000. Cianci was acquitted of 11 federal charges in June after a 10-week trial, but he was found guilty of racketeering conspiracy, one of the two most severe charges against him. A federal agency that studied the trial recommended that Cianci be sentenced to about six years in prison. Prosecutors argue that Cianci’s “criminal enterprise” disrupted the city and undermined public confidence in government, and that Torres must use his discretion to hand down a stronger punishment. In a last-ditch effort to avoid sentencing last week, Cianci asked Torres for a new trial, claiming that the jury had insufficient evidence to convict him. Torres denied the motion, ruling that the jury’s decision was sound, and that Cianci could be found guilty of conspiracy even if there was not enough evidence to show that he committed the alleged objectives of that conspiracy. — Marion Billings

Paolino, calling for focus on neighborhoods, looks to succeed Cianci as mayor — again BY SETH KERSCHNER

Even with September’s Democratic mayoral primary just a week away, Joseph Paolino is thinking ahead to November’s elections and to succeeding Vincent Cianci as mayor of Providence for the second time. Paolino, the local real estate developer who succeeded Cianci when the mayor was indicted on criminal charges in 1984, sat down with The Herald last week to discuss his campaign. Describing himself as “not everybody’s first choice, but … always the second choice,” Paolino said he wants to come to City Hall and “use the talent and experience I’ve gained over the years and do it right. “After 12 years out of office, I still have the passion for economic development, but my new passion is neighborhood redevelopment,” said Paolino, who is often said to be responsible for the rebirth of downtown Providence in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Paolino said he only plans to serve as mayor for eight years, or two four-year terms. “You can’t do a whole city in four years, but you can do neighborhoods,” he said. Paolino said he wants to look at neighborhood redevelopment from that angle. He supports turning Atwells Avenue and Thayer, Cranston and Broad streets into Business Improvement Districts — areas where property owners can provide their own private services, including security and sanitation. Paolino said he plans to use condemnation and rezoning to rebuild areas such as Cranston Street. But he said he plans to carry out redevelopment with the input of local merchants and residents. “I don’t think the mayor of Providence alone should pick who should be condemned and who shouldn’t,” he said. The former mayor’s priorities changed as he grew older, he told The Herald. Now a parent, Paolino said he plans to focus on reforming and rebuilding Providence’s public school system. “If it wasn’t for the school system, I don’t think I’d be running for mayor,” he said. “I have a goal on class size. I’m a big supporter of having tutoring and mentoring programs with college kids.” Paolino said he also wants to reform the Providence Police Department. The mayoral candidate met with William Bratton, the former New York City Police Commissioner who studied policing at Brown last semester, and plans to use Bratton as an advisor. “You have to be open to going in different directions,” Paolino said about reforming the PPD.

Seth Kerschner / Herald

With the Democratic primaries one week away, Joseph Paolino is campaigning to rebuild the city’s neighborhoods. He said he plans to have police officers undergo “sensitivity training with regards to the ethnic diversity of our city.” Brown University Police and Security should “see how they can be integrated and annexed through the PPD,” he said. Paolino said Brown should look to locations other than the East Side for expansion. “I want downtown to become a university campus,” he said. “You’re not going to see any office buildings built and I think we need to bring universities there.” He said he also wants to build three new downtown hotels in four years. Paolino, who served as ambassador to Malta under President Bill Clinton, said his strengths include his abilities to listen and bring diverse groups of people together. “I’m a very good listener. I don’t have the oratory skills of (Cianci), but I’m going to keep bringing people together,” he said. “Eventually we’re going to break down some of the barriers.”

Superintendent Lam resigns unexpectedly BY JULIETTE WALLACK

Just weeks after declaring in a Providence Journal op-ed that she would stay at the helm of the city’s schools despite an expired contract, Providence Schools Superintendent Diana Lam announced her resignation. Lam, who took the helm of the troubled school system in 1999, will go to New York City to assume the role of chief academic officer of the city’s schools. She will join Mayor Michael Bloomberg’s team that will reshape the failing and often-criticized system, working directly under Chancellor Joel Klein. Lam told the Journal last week that she was attracted to Klein’s job offer because of the sheer size of New York’s system, which with 1.1 million students is the country’s largest. “I thought, ‘How does one do that kind of work at that scale?’ Then I thought, ‘It can be done,’” Lam told the Journal. She said she has not yet negotiated a salary. When she leaves Providence, Lam will also leave behind her position as an adjunct professor at Brown. She has never taught a class at the University. During her three years in Providence, Lam was known for focusing on students and making literacy her prime objective. In her second year, she silenced critics by turning around troubled Central High School with her choice of a new principal. Lam has hinted that she also expects higher district standardized test scores when the results of last spring’s exams are returned this fall. But with the impending departure of Providence Mayor Vincent Cianci, Lam might have lost an important ally who had replaced troublesome school board members in the past, the Journal reported. Lam received her fair share of criticism while she was here. With her desire to help every student — even the neediest ones — receive a quality education, “Lam’s singular focus on the classroom during her tenure in Providence translated into a difficulty

negotiating the Byzantine political relationships that formed a web around the schools,” the Journal reported Aug. 30. Those difficulties have manifested themselves in tough contract negotiations with the teachers’ union, which took 17 months and were threatened when the City Council Finance Committee cut a $2.5 million retroactive pay raise. Officials expected Lam to sign a new contract this fall that would have kept her in Providence for at least three more years. Her decision to stay in Providence after declining an offer to take the helm of the Portland, Ore., school system signaled to many a desire to make more of a mark in Rhode Island. As a result, officials were caught off guard when Lam told them of her decision just hours before Klein announced her appointment and four others in New York on Aug. 28. Deputy Superintendent Melody Johnson will serve as acting Providence superintendent until a permanent replacement can be found. But many in the community have concerns that Johnson will follow Lam to New York. In 1999, Lam recruited Johnson from the San Antonio Schools, which previously bought out Lam’s three-year contract. No matter who follows Lam to New York, though, she has a quality that could be helpful as she works to change the United States’ largest school system, school officials say. Lam is “interested in scale, not in turning one school around, or creating a great pilot program or a magnet school,” Mary McClure, a member of the Providence school board, told the New York Times. “She wants to change the whole system,” McClure said. “I believed she’d come in and shake things up, and it would be a wild ride, but we’d get a lot out of her in a very short time. And we have.” Herald staff writer Juliette Wallack ’05 edits the metro section. She can be reached at


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continued from page 1 President for Advancement Ronald Vanden Dorpel from Northwestern University. The sudden influx of administrators from some of the country’s most prestigious universities is not unusual, Freid wrote. “It is typical for new presidents to build their own team,” she wrote, adding that the new administration is in tune with Simmons’ “vision and leadership.” Huidekoper declined to say whether she applied for the position or if the search committee, led by Spies, approached her. “I have loved working at Harvard,” Hudekoper wrote. “But I have been here for 20 years, and I wanted new challenges. I am truly excited about the opportunities and challenges that lie ahead.” Herald staff writer Juliette Wallack ’05 covers faculty and administration. She can be reached at



Students moving into Minden give renovations the thumbs up BY CARLA BLUMENKRANZ

The nearly 150 sophomores and juniors who chose rooms in unknown Minden Hall to avoid the summer waitlist ended up with some of the best housing on campus, residents say. Brown previously leased Minden Hall to Johnson & Wales University. The University reclaimed the dorm last spring in anticipation of a housing crunch and held an additional lottery in the spring semester to fill Minden’s singles, doubles, triples and quads. With large singles, doubles and private bathrooms, Minden is unlike any other campus housing option, said Thomas Forsberg, associate director of residential life. This summer, the University rewired the building, repaired its windows and roofs and renovated individual rooms. Residents say their new rooms are nicer than they anticipated. Nick Goldberg ’05 and a roommate share adjacent singles and a bathroom in Minden. “This is the best setup I could have had,” he said. Fresh paint, new furniture and new carpeting have transformed the run-down building into one of the University’s nicest dorms, he said. “It’s got character, and it’s clean,” said Mike Pickford ’05 of his single and private bathroom. Pickford’s room is one of the smallest in Minden but still noticeably larger than the singles on Wriston, he said. “I don’t know if there’s anywhere else on campus where you can get a single with a private bathroom,” he said. Pickford’s sole concern was with Minden’s location on the corner of Brook and Waterman streets. Although he is happy to be so close to Thayer Street, he is worried about crime in the area, he said. Leela Davies ’05 is also worried about safety. “I’m looking forward to watching the muggings across the street,” she said jokingly, referring to the ATMs at Citizens Bank. She said she would feel safer if the shuttle service added a stop outside Minden. Now the nearest stop is outside the SciLi. Davies is also concerned with the lack of stoves in Minden’s kitchen. “There’s a giant kitchen with four refrigerators, four microwaves and no stove,” she said. “And a lot of people are off meal plan.” Davies and other students have e-mailed Forsberg to request stoves but have not yet received a definitive answer, she said. “I’ll give him maybe a week or so to answer, and then I’m planning on buying illegal devices to cook my food,” one student said. Forsberg said that Rhode Island fire code does not permit stoves in Minden Hall but that he plans to discuss the matter with Facilities Management. Herald staff writer Carla Blumenkranz ’05 edits the arts and culture section. She can be reached at

Ellen Bak / Herald

The new Minden Hall is open and is getting good reviews from its residents.

Marion Billings / Herald

With shuttle service set to resume this evening, student coordinators are optimistic that the service will enjoy another semester of providing safe transportation to Brown and RISD students.

Shuttle service on track despite safety worries BY JULIA ZUCKERMAN

Despite some concerns about van and employee safety, students who run shuttle and escort services will begin work this evening to provide safe transportation to riders from Brown and RISD and their guests. Between 5 p.m. and 3 a.m., a shuttle will arrive every five minutes at each of the 11 stops, which extend around the perimeter of the campus and along heavilytraveled streets, said Ben Donsky ’03, student security operations coordinator. The most popular stops are at Keeney Quad, Vartan Gregorian Quad and Cushing Street, where Pembroke residents board the shuttle, Donsky said. The shuttle will continue to operate on the route determined last semester, after an “incredibly successful” service change made routes shorter and doubled ridership, Donsky said. By keeping the same route but eliminating the least popular stops, SSO reduced the duration of a shuttle loop from 20 to 15 minutes. Donsky said he was “very happy about last year,” when the shuttle service had 87,885 riders and the escort service had 22,280, double the totals for the 20002001 academic year. After some problems with driver safety last year, SSO is instituting new safety procedures. Drivers reported about 12 “serious issues” with safety last year, Donsky said. In most of those incidents, escort drivers were harassed or intimidated by people not affiliated with Brown who entered the van without permission. In order to prevent these incidents, SSO is instituting a “buddy program” for the vans that do not have power door locks. Two SSO employees will staff vans without locks at all times. Michelle Batoon ’03, an SSO dispatcher and Herald sports photography editor, said drivers reported harassment from people on the street, including some incidents where pedestrians threw rocks at the vans. But “the most important thing that worries me is the radio system,” Batoon said. Old, ineffective radios have been a frequent problem for shuttle drivers and dispatchers. Donsky said SSO plans to equip all vans with new radios this year, eliminating a major inconvenience and potential hazard for drivers. Nicole Slowman ’03, an SSO driver, said the radios often fail near the outer boundaries of the campus. “There have been times I felt unsafe,” Slowman said. “What if you’re out there, and you can’t understand the dispatcher, and the dispatcher can’t understand you?” In October 2001, a shuttle driver’s radio failed briefly

when the van was in an accident. “We’re very lucky no one was hurt,” Donsky said of the incident. The new radios will also expedite communication between SSO and Brown University Police and Security. Drivers will now be able to communicate directly with BUPS with the touch of a button, rather than going through the SSO dispatcher. Escort service, which increased in popularity following last semester’s crime wave, is available to students living off campus who register for the service with SSO, Donsky said. Under the escort service’s new guest policy, “anyone who wants to visit a friend off campus can get a ride” with the escort service, Donsky said. Students who park in Lot 90 behind the OMAC can now use the escort service, which already serves the parking lots at the Brown Stadium. “Curb-to-curb service” is also offered for students registered with Disability Support Services, Donsky said. This year, SSO is making an effort to increase the availability of the escort service. While an escort van usually arrives within 20 minutes of a call, on rainy nights some students have waited for up to 45 minutes, Donsky said. SSO hopes to decrease the average wait time to 15 minutes, but “we don’t have enough vans to meet the demand,” he said. A new phone queue system will help SSO gauge the demand for the escort service. Only one phone line is available for calls to SSO, so students calling for the escort service during peak hours used to get busy signals frequently, Donsky said. The phone queue system will keep callers on hold until the dispatcher is available. Batoon said shuttles sometimes do not run as frequently as scheduled because of maintenance problems with the vans. Because the vans are used every night, they “get worn down very easily,” she said. Drivers often call in with concerns that their vans are not working properly, and “there’s always one or two vans that are out for the night” and not in service, she said. Slowman, who has driven shuttle and escort vans for five semesters, said she has seen the service improve as a result of the recent changes. “I think a lot of the improvements that have been made have been really helpful,” she said. Herald staff writer Julia Zuckerman ’05 is the copy desk chief. She can be reached at



IN BRIEF Swedish diplomat Per Anger dies, remembered for Holocaust bravery (Washington Post) — Per Anger, a retired Swedish diplo-

mat who showed uncommon courage and cunning in keeping thousands of Hungarian Jews from Nazi death camps during World War II, died Aug. 25 in Stockholm after a stroke. He was 88. Anger was posted to the Swedish legation in Budapest in November 1942 to work on SwedishHungarian trade matters. Hungary, a nominal ally of Nazi Germany, had declared war on the Soviet Union and had enacted antiSemitic laws at German behest. Hungary’s government did not enforce those acts, however. But in March 1944, Germany invaded and occupied Hungary. What was a tragedy for most Hungarians became a death sentence for Hungarian Jewry. Suddenly, Jews were required to wear the Star of David, had their businesses and wealth confiscated and had their institutions closed. The notorious SS officer Adolf Eichmann arrived in Budapest and helped organize the destruction of about 600,000 of Hungary’s 1 million Jews. Amid this horror, Anger, a representative of neutral Sweden, did what he could. He began issuing the “schutzpass,’’ a temporary or protective pass, to any Jews arriving at the Swedish legation. The passes identified the bearers as Swedish citizens. Anger also requested help from Stockholm. Among the Swedish reinforcements to arrive in Budapest in July 1944 was Raoul Wallenberg. The two were credited with helping save more than 100,000 lives. They set up safe houses, disguised as Swedish libraries and research offices, for Jews. Stories abound of the two diplomats, working individually and as a team, tearing Jews from the brink of disaster. In one case, Anger bluffed his way aboard a trainload of Jews headed for a Polish death camp, saying there were Swedish citizens aboard and warning SS guards “not to interfere in official Swedish business.’’ While “searching’’ the train, he managed, with the help of a Hungarian policeman, to hand out passes enabling more than 150 people to leave the train. One who never returned was Wallenberg, who was last seen being arrested by Soviet authorities in 1945 in Budapest. Anger devoted much of the rest of his life to trying to get information about him from Soviet authorities and organizing pressure for his release. Anger chaired an international committee that publicized Wallenberg’s life and sought answers about his fate. He also wrote a biography of Wallenberg. In 2000, Russian authorities announced that Wallenberg had died in Soviet captivity in 1947. Max Grunberg, chairman of the Raoul Wallenberg Honorary Citizen Committee, said:“Anger and Wallenberg were two great humanitarians who chose to put themselves at risk in order to save Jewish lives. They were two outstanding beacons of light in an otherwise dark and dismal world.’’

Bush promises more work on job creation NEVILLE ISLAND, Pa. (L.A. Times) — Faced with rising unem-

ployment nationwide, President Bush vowed Monday to work tirelessly to create jobs and called on Congress to approve legislation that he said would put hundreds of thousands of Americans back to work. “What I worry about is when I hear the stories of people who can’t work,’’ Bush said in Labor Day remarks to members of the United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners. “And so we’ve got to make sure that we continue to focus on jobs.’’ The president also cited a number of positive economic indicators — ”interest rates are low ... inflation is low ... productivity is up’’— and added: “But I’m not satisfied. And neither should you be. And neither should the United States Congress.’’ His remarks underscored anew his determination to escape the fate of his father, who waged a popular war to liberate Kuwait only to be turned out of the White House by voters who felt that he had paid insufficient attention to the nation’s economy. For three straight weeks last month, the Labor Department reported that growing numbers of Americans had filed new claims for unemployment insurance — a trend that surprised many economists. The number of Americans continuing to collect jobless benefits jumped by 90,000 to 3.6 million for the week ending Aug. 17, the most recent period for which the information is available. The U.S. unemployment rate — now at 5.9 percent — could hit 6.3 percent or 6.5 percent by the fall, some economists fear. The carpenters union, which sponsored the Labor Day picnic where Bush spoke, quit the AFL-CIO in March 2000 over policy disputes with the strongly pro-Democratic Party international labor federation. The 300,000-member union since has become one of the president’s favorite labor organizations. Its president, Douglas J. McCarron, flew to Pennsylvania with Bush aboard Air Force One — the second consecutive Labor Day that the two men have spent

together. McCarron also played a prominent role at Bush’s economic forum in Waco, Texas, on Aug. 13. Bush’s growing ties to the carpenters union is part of a concerted effort to break the longstanding coziness between the labor movement and the Democratic Party. The president also has assiduously courted the International Brotherhood of Teamsters, which also has broken with the AFL-CIO. The Teamsters union has sided with Bush on some of his top initiatives, including opening the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge to oil and natural gas exploration. By exploiting rifts in the labor movement, the president not only has drained support from Democrats but also enhanced his standing among blue-collar workers. “There are obviously some union leaders who have the willingness to put national interests above partisan party interests,’’ said White House press secretary Ari Fleischer. “There are other union leaders who are really appendages of the Democratic National Committee.’’ During the two years before the 2000 elections, unions and their members donated $90 million to candidates and parties — with 94 percent of that going to Democrats. The president’s remarks in this Pittsburgh suburb along the Ohio River also signaled the start of a hectic two months before the November elections, in which the entire House of Representatives, 34 Senate seats and 36 governorships will be at stake. Bush returned to the White House on Sunday afternoon after a monthlong working vacation at his ranch near Crawford, Texas. In his remarks before the carpenters union, Bush also urged Congress to pass his energy legislation and a terrorism insurance bill that would allow $8 billion worth of commercial construction projects to go forward. The legislative delay is preventing “300,000 workers’’ from working, Bush said. The Labor Day outing was Bush’s 13th trip as president to Pennsylvania, which he narrowly lost to Al Gore in 2000. The state has the fifth-largest number of electoral votes.

Russia warns against U.S. Strike on Iraq MOSCOW (L.A. Times) — Russia added its voice Monday to a growing international chorus warning against a U.S. attack on Iraq, saying such action could undermine peace efforts in the Middle East and long-term security in the volatile Persian Gulf region. In talks with his visiting Iraqi counterpart, Russian Foreign Minister Igor S. Ivanov also urged Baghdad, the Iraqi capital, to allow resumption of U.N. weapons inspections so that the trade sanctions that have impoverished Iraq can be lifted. “The international community must have guarantees of nonresumption of Iraqi programs of development of weapons of mass destruction,” Ivanov told journalists at a joint news conference with Foreign Minister Naji Sabri. “We believe it is a necessary condition for the settlement of the situation and the lifting of sanctions against Iraq,” Ivanov added, noting Russian companies were poised to help the Iraqis rebuild their oil industry once the crisis is resolved.

Sabri insisted the weapons inspections suspended nearly four years ago were “only one element” of the conflict. He said his country must also be compensated for the “1991 aggression” — the Persian Gulf War destruction that left the economy and infrastructure in ruins. White House Press Secretary Ari Fleischer later dismissed suggestions that Aziz’s comments represented a shift in Iraqi policy. “Iraq changes positions on whether they’ll let the inspectors in more often than (Iraqi President) Saddam Hussein changes bunkers,” Fleischer told reporters aboard Air Force One as President Bush flew to Pittsburgh for a Labor Day appearance. But as the Russian appeal for diplomacy coincides with an apparent rift within the White House, as well as between the United States and most NATO states, the position taken by Moscow could further weaken the Bush administration’s resolve to go it alone in striking Iraq.


Al-Qaeda gold moved to Sudan in planes, small boats (Washington Post) — Financial officers of al-

Qaida and the Taliban have quietly shipped large quantities of gold out of Pakistan to Sudan in recent weeks, transiting through the United Arab Emirates and Iran, according to European, Pakistani and U.S. investigators. The sources said several shipments of boxes of gold, usually disguised as other products, were taken by small boat from the Pakistani port of Karachi to either Iran or Dubai, and from there mixed with other goods and flown by chartered airplanes to Khartoum, the Sudanese capital. Although it is unclear how much gold has been moved, U.S. and European officials said the quantity was significant and was an important indicator that the alQaida network and members of Afghanistan’s deposed Taliban militia still had access to large financial reserves. European and U.S. intelligence officials said the movement of gold also highlighted three significant developments in the war on terrorism: the growing role of Iranian intelligence units allied with the country’s hard-line clerics in protecting and aiding al-Qaida, the potential reemergence of Sudan as a financial center for the organization, and the ability of the terrorist group to generate new sources of revenue despite the global crackdown on its finances. The sources said Sudan may have been chosen because Osama bin Laden, the Saudi-born al-Qaida leader, and other members of the network are familiar with the country and retain business contacts there. They said traditional havens for alQaida money on the Arabian peninsula such as Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates were under intense international scrutiny, while transactions in Sudan could more easily pass unnoticed. Gold has for years been the preferred

financial instrument of the Taliban and alQaida. Most of the Taliban treasury was kept in gold when the militia ruled Afghanistan, and taxes were often collected in gold. Just before the Taliban and alQaida were driven from Afghanistan last year, they shipped large amounts of gold to Dubai, and from there to other safe havens, according to U.S., European and Arab officials. Senior U.S. intelligence officials said they are investigating the information about the new gold shipments and had opened a case on the matter but had no further comment. “We know they are looking at new sources of revenue and are finding new ways to raise and move funds to where they are accessible,” a U.S. official said. “The bankers are the ones that move the money and the bankers are not sitting in caves in Afghanistan.” European and U.S. sources said they became aware of the shipments after they occurred, and have asked the Sudanese government to take measures to halt the flow. A spokesman for the Sudanese Embassy in Washington said he had no official information about the shipments and found the information “hard to believe.” “Sudan is not going to allow anything like this to come in knowingly,” the official said. “We are concerned about terrorism. We are on a high level of alert since September 11.” But European intelligence sources said one hub of bin Laden’s organization continues to be Sudan, where he lived from 1991 to 1996, when he was forced to move to Afghanistan. Although the United States and other countries have praised Sudan for its cooperation in the war on terrorism, European and U.S. officials say that bin Laden, who invested tens of millions of dollars in the country when it harbored him, continues

to have economic interests there. While living in Sudan, bin Laden operated a large construction business, bought extensive land holdings and helped found a bank. A senior European intelligence official said evidence is growing that Khartoum was again serving “as a sort of hub” for alQaida business transactions. “He has banking contacts there, he has business contacts there and he is intimately familiar with the political and intelligence structure there,” the official said. “He never fully left Sudan despite moving to Afghanistan.” The gold appears to be the fruit of what one Pakistani businessman knowledgeable of Taliban financing called a “commodity for commodity exchange,” with the Taliban and al-Qaida trading opium and heroin for gold. When the Taliban ruled Afghanistan, according to Pakistani intelligence officials, it actively engaged in opium and heroin production, and allowed al-Qaida to raise funds through taxing the cultivation of poppy, the raw material for heroin. The Pakistani businessman said that over the past two months Pakistani intelligence has picked up numerous reports indicating that al-Qaida and the Taliban were sending large amounts of gold out of Karachi after selling stashes of stored heroin and opium to drug traffickers in Central Asia. “This is new money, not money stashed away from before,” the Pakistani source said. “The old network of moving drugs and trading it for gold, which they have done for years, is still operational.” European and Pakistani sources said some assets moving through Iran may be the remnants of bin Laden’s personal fortune. U.S. and European officials believe bin Laden inherited about $30 million in the early 1990s when his father, a Saudi construction magnate, died. European terrorism experts said they

were particularly troubled by indications that Iranian intelligence officials were taking an active role in moving the gold. The sources said there were credible reports that some of the gold was flown on Iranian airplanes to Sudan. “Iran is not a monolith. There are different groups, and some seem to be directly helping these transfers,” one official said. “It doesn’t mean it is a decision of the government, but they do not have full control over what the security agencies do.” Arab intelligence sources have reported that Iran is sheltering senior al-Qaida military and financial leaders in hotels and guest houses in the Afghan border cities of Mashhad and Zabol. Gold has long been a favorite way of storing wealth in Southeast Asia, the Arabian peninsula and northern Africa. Smuggling gold by sea from Karachi into Iran and Dubai is also a centuries-old activity. A draft United Nations report by a panel of experts states that al-Qaida’s financial structure remains largely intact and retains access to tens of millions of dollars. “A large portfolio of ostensibly legitimate businesses continue to be maintained and managed on behalf of Osama bin Laden and al-Qaida by a number of, as yet, unidentified intermediaries and associates across North Africa, the Middle East, Europe and Asia,” the report said. “Estimates put the value of this portfolio at around $30million.” The Treasury Department said the U.N. report presented an “incomplete picture of the financial war against terrorism.” In a statement, a spokesman said that while much work remained to be done, the report did not measure the impact of seizures of millions of dollars in cash or the freezing of assets of more than 200 individuals since Sept. 11.


Typhoon devastates Korean peninsula as fierce winds destroy bridges, highways SEOUL, South Korea (L.A. Times) — As the skies cleared over the Korean peninsula Monday, helicopters swooped low over large swaths of the countryside entombed in mud and found far more devastation from a weekend typhoon than originally believed. South Korean authorities raised the toll to 113 dead and 71 missing, while word filtered down from secretive North Korea that it had not been spared. Although there apparently were fewer casualties in the North, Typhoon Rusa seems to have complicated the communist country’s already precarious food situation. “The typhoon left scores of people dead, many missing,’’ North Korea’s official Korean Central News Agency reported Monday. “A large area of farmland went underwater or was washed away, making it hard to expect any harvest or crops from there.’’ In South Korea, the brunt of the storm hit Kangnung, a resort on the east coast squeezed between mountains and the sea.

Nearly 3 feet of rain fell Saturday and Sunday, triggering flooding and large landslides. Most of the victims were buried alive in the mud or swept away by the rushing waters. “The waters come up to my chest’’ were the last words that the manager of an agricultural cooperative, Lee Sang Guk, 51, said to his wife over a mobile telephone as he was out inspecting flood damage. His body was found 22 hours later floating down a nearby stream, South Korea’s Yonhap News Agency reported. Television footage shot from helicopters showed red-tile roofs peeking out from a sea of mud. Bridges, railroads and highway overpasses had been wrenched into pieces by winds reaching 127 mph. The rains washed away graves at a hillside cemetery near Kangnung. “My mother’s grave — where has it gone?’’ cried Choi Young Cha, an elderly woman inter-

viewed by the Korea Broadcasting System. Across the peninsula in Kumsan, a small city known for its ginseng production, large quantities of the precious medicinal root were ruined by flooding. Meticulously cultivated rice paddies throughout the country also were destroyed. The overall damage was estimated by the National Disaster Prevention and Countermeasures Headquarters at nearly $735 million, although insurers said it would take at least a week to come up with a reliable assessment. Major television networks and newspapers launched fund-raising drives to help victims. Before hitting the peninsula, Typhoon Rusa — the Malay word for “deer” — swept over the Japanese island of Okinawa. Two U.S. Marines, Lance Cpl. Richard Moore, 24, and Lance Cpl. Beatriz Rodriguez, 20, were reported missing Friday night from a beach on the island and are presumed

dead. Rusa was the deadliest typhoon to hit the Korean peninsula since 1987, when Typhoon Thelma claimed 345 lives. According to statistics released Monday, Rusa washed away 274 bridges, severed railways and roads in 174 locations, knocked down 10,000 electricity poles and flooded more than 17,000 homes. By Monday night, more than 1 million people remained without electricity and nearly 500,000 had no drinking water. The South Korean military was mobilized to distribute bottled water, bread, blankets and instant noodles to isolated areas. This year’s monsoon season has been particularly deadly throughout Asia, with rain-related disasters taking more than 2,000 lives in China and India. Another typhoon, known as Sinlaku after an Indonesian goddess, is reported to be heading toward the Korean peninsula and is expected to arrive later this week.

Indonesian police search for killers of 3 Americans JAKARTA, Indonesia (L.A. Times) — Two Toyota Land Cruisers

carrying American teachers and their families slowly wound their way up the steep mountain road Saturday toward the giant Freeport mine in Indonesia’s Papua province. Behind them were three trucks driven by local employees of the U.S.-owned mine, the richest gold and copper mine in the world. As the vehicles approached mile 63 of the winding road 8,200 feet above sea level, a dozen gunmen emerged from the trees and opened fire, some with M-16 automatic rifles. Three teachers were shot dead, two Americans and an Indonesian. Another 11 people were wounded, including seven Americans, mine company officials said. One of the injured was a 6-yearold girl. It was the bloodiest assault on U.S. citizens in Indonesia since the country gained independence 53 years ago, historians here said. But on Monday, as Indonesian officials offered further details of the attack, who was responsible remained a mystery. Indonesian authorities blamed the ambush on the Free Papua Movement, a group of poorly armed Papuan separatists who have waged a low-level campaign for independence for the past four decades. The rebel organization denied responsibility. Rights activists and independence leaders in Papua, on the western half of the island of New Guinea, insisted Monday it was unlikely that the guerrilla group staged the attack and questioned whether the military itself shot the travelers to justify a crackdown on indigenous Papuans. “It is becoming more and more evident that the Indonesian security forces are involved in creating provocations and instigating violence,” the pro-independence Papua Presidium Council said in a statement. “The killing of foreign nationals has never been the policy of Papuans promoting their political aspirations.” Details of the attack still remained sketchy. Most of the wounded, who were flown to Australia for medical care, were kept from reporters. Mine company officials said the survivors never saw their attackers. Police and soldiers were pursuing the gunmen Monday after exchanging fire with them the day before, killing one, authorities said. Papua Police Chief Made M. Pastika said the dead man dressed and looked like a rebel fighter, with a beard and long curly hair.


In Sweden, friend defends jailed Muslim STOCKHOLM(Washington Post) —

His friend says he is a devout Muslim who never would have engaged in a violent act like hijacking. His family says he was getting his life together after a wayward decade of petty crime, mob activities and brawling. But nobody who knows Kerim Chatty has explained why the 29-year-old Swedish citizen tried to smuggle a loaded handgun aboard a flight from Sweden to Stansted airport outside London Thursday afternoon — and whether he intended to carry out an airliner attack in Europe along the lines of the Sept. 11 assaults on New York and the Pentagon. Swedish prosecutors on Monday charged Chatty with attempted hijacking, and a judge agreed after a closed-door hearing to extend his detention in an isolation cell for two more weeks. Authorities said they had uncovered new evidence to support the charge, although they refused to disclose it publicly. “We will be trying to clarify why exactly he brought the gun to the airport,” prosecutor Thomas Haeggstroem said at a news conference after the hearing. Police said they were cooperating with unidentified foreign authorities — press reports here named the CIA, the FBI and Britain’s MI6 security service — in building a case against Chatty. “This is a very serious crime and very unusual in Sweden,” police spokesman Ulf Palm told reporters after the hearing, which took place in Vaesteraas, where the alleged hijacking attempt occurred. Chatty, who appeared in court with his head shaved and dressed in a gray T-shirt, shorts and sandals, pleaded guilty to illegal possession of a firearm but not guilty to attempted hijacking, according to his attorney, who said he would appeal the decision to hold his client in custody. Oussama Kassir, a Stockholm resident who has been identified by U.S. authorities as a participant in an alleged plot to establish a terrorist training camp in Oregon, acknowledged Monday that he had befriended Chatty in a Swedish prison in 1998 and had taught him Islamic lessons and prayers. But Kassir insisted in an interview that Chatty did not believe in armed struggle and did not belong to any terrorist group. “He’s a peaceful man, he’s not one of the jihadi line — not like me,” said Kassir, who also denied any involvement in the Oregon camp. But Chatty’s connection to Kassir, combined with his attendance at a U.S. flight school in 1996, has triggered an intensive police investigation for links to other alleged terrorists and the al-Qaeda terrorist network. Chatty was arrested four days ago as he tried to board a flight operated by Ryanair from a small airport 60 miles northwest of Stockholm, when X-ray screening uncovered a pistol in a toiletries bag in his carry-on luggage. He told the authorities he was part of a group of 20 people flying to Britain for a Muslim conference over the weekend.

Bush urged to narrow scope of missile defense program (Washington Post) — An influen-

tial Pentagon advisory group has urged the Bush administration to narrow the focus of its missile defense program and concentrate on just two experimental approaches for guarding the nation against ballistic missile attack. The previously undisclosed recommendation, which came last month from a group of prominent defense experts under the auspices of the Defense Science Board, puts added pressure on the administration to begin defining an actual missile defense architecture. It reinforces complaints among some in Congress, the defense industry and elsewhere about the lack of specificity in an administration plan that involves as many as eight different approaches for knocking down long-range missiles. Since taking office, President Bush has made the deployment of antimissile defenses a top military priority, citing a mounting threat from the long-range

missile development programs in such hostile nations as North Korea and Iran. Bush has boosted spending on missile defense by about 50 percent, to $7.7 billion a year, and has expanded research on a slew of technical approaches for firing interceptors or lasers from land, ships, aircraft or space platforms and for striking enemy warheads at every stage of flight, from just after launch to the final seconds before impact. Despite several successful flight tests and plans to have a rudimentary ground-based system in place in Alaska by 2004, parts of the Pentagons development effort remain slowed by technical challenges, cost overruns and congressional budget trims. Defense officials have avoided presenting a plan for fitting any of the experimental systems together, saying time is needed to test which weapons will work, particularly now that the demise of the 1972 AntiBallistic Missile Treaty has removed testing constraints.

The Defense Science Board panel concluded that enough is known to warrant some choices sooner rather than later, which in turn would increase the prospects for a timely deployment of a workable system. “The program needs to get away from the relative comfort of having a wide-open horizon with no defined architecture,” said a source in summing up the groups findings. “It needs to focus on a much narrower set of initial capabilities in order to get something thats worth fielding.” One approach endorsed by the panel is a system of landbased interceptors aimed at hitting warheads during their midcourse phase — that is, after they have soared out of the atmosphere and while they are arcing through space. This system is the furthest along in development, with flight tests having begun in 1999 under President Clinton. The panels other favorite is a proposed system of ship-based interceptors that would be tar-

geted at missiles in their boost and ascent phases. This option has strong backing among some congressional Republicans. And such missile defense advocacy groups as the Heritage Foundation and High Frontier. Advocates contend that the Navys fleet of 61 Aegisequipped cruisers and destroyers — designed to counter aircraft and cruise missiles—can provide ready platforms for combating ballistic missiles, and can be equipped for this purpose in only a few years and for a fraction of the cost of a land-based system. But the expert panel, while supporting the idea of a seabased system, rejected the notion that it could be accomplished relatively easily or quickly. Members concluded that for such a system to work, the Pentagon would have to develop a much faster interceptor than the Navys newest one, the Standard Missile 3, which is intended to go against mediumrange missiles.


‘Gaza First’ pact grinds to halt as Palestinians waver on terms GAZA CITY (Washington Post) — A new agreement between Israel and the Palestinian Authority that was to lead to additional Israeli troop pullbacks is falling apart because of Palestinian unwillingness to crack down on militants and recent Israeli attacks on unarmed Palestinian civilians, according to officials on both sides. The accord, announced Aug. 18 and called Gaza First, was the first security agreement in months between Palestinian and Israeli leaders, and raised hopes that it might lead eventually to serious peace negotiations and a lasting cease-fire. The agreement was considered significant because it was negotiated bilaterally, without the help of international mediators. Analysts saw that a sign that Israelis and Palestinians alike were tired of 23 months of violence and would be more committed to the accord’s success. But implementation of the agreement, which was designed to go into effect simultaneously in the Gaza Strip and in the West Bank city of Bethlehem, has effectively stopped, although it has not been canceled, and is still considered a modest success in Bethlehem. Israeli officials said they were not pushing ahead with the accord in the Gaza Strip — designed to be the agreement’s main testing ground — because Palestinian police were not seizing weapons, arresting militants or reducing the violence aimed at Israelis, particularly nightly mortar attacks on Jewish settlements. As a result, Israeli troops have not pulled back, as envisioned. The top Palestinian security official in the Gaza Strip said Monday that he was not trying to stop Palestinian strikes on Israel and Jewish settlers or trying to make arrests, because of recent Israeli attacks on unarmed Palestinians. “We cannot be forced to arrest someone as a reward for Israeli aggression,” Rashid Abu Shbak, chief of the Palestinian Authority’s Preventative Security for the Gaza Strip, said Monday. “If Israel stops the aggression and withdraws from our areas, we’re ready to perform our security duties.” Until then, he said, “We will not do anything.” Although the accord in the Gaza Strip and Bethlehem had been billed as a pilot program for other pullouts from West Bank cities, where more than 600,000 Palestinians have been under curfew for 2 1/2 months, Israeli officials said consideration of expanding the experiment was all but dead. Separately, negotiations among a dozen Palestinian organizations attempting to adopt unified goals — including, potentially, a ban on using suicide bombers and attacking Israeli civilians — have also stalled, participants said. Officials involved in the talks said radical groups — including the Islamic Resistance Movement, known as Hamas, and Islamic Jihad — had refused to pledge to refrain from attacks against Israel and Jewish settlements, citing Israel’s recent killing of unarmed Palestinians. Analysts credit the IsraeliPalestinian and intra-Palestinian talks with contributing to a recent decrease in violence in Israel, which has not had a major suicide bombing attack in more than four weeks. The agreement also appears to have led to reduced violence in Bethlehem.


Hollywood and high technology move toward consensus REDMOND, Wash. (L.A. Times) — As the entertainment and technology industries publicly lock horns over electronic piracy, they privately are moving closer to a consensus that consumer advocates fear might limit how people watch or listen to movies and music. The fight focuses on how entertainment will be distributed in the future, particularly the digital transmission of movies and music to homes by broadcast and the Internet. Studios and record labels want their products protected from the widespread thievery popularized by services such as Napster. Spurred by the threat of federal legislation, technology companies such as Microsoft Corp. and RealNetworks Inc. are

scrambling to prove that their systems do more than the other fellow’s to keep content under lock and key. Microsoft has been particularly aggressive, launching a number of efforts to satisfy entertainment moguls’ hunger for security in a digital age when content can be perfectly reproduced millions of times. Other companies are making similar efforts, chasing what they see as lucrative business at a time of flagging sales across the technology industry. But Microsoft, which faces its own considerable battle against pirates, would give copyright owners unprecedented power. “I was looking at their new innovation, and I was very much impressed,’’ Jack Valenti, president of the Motion Picture Association of America, said after a trip to

Microsoft’s headquarters here. “Some of the plans they had certainly could include my (member) companies.’’ Those plans center on three efforts, including Microsoft’s latest Media Player, to be unveiled Wednesday in Los Angeles by company founder Bill Gates. Media Player 9, like competing offerings from RealNetworks and Apple Computer Inc., is designed to make Internet video look more like a TV broadcast, with less delay and crisper quality. Behind the scenes, it also will improve content owners’ ability to manage the rules they set for users, so that a song or clip can be downloaded but not copied, or can be made to disappear from a computer after a day or a week.

“Giving the content owners flexibility in how they assign rights and bring content to consumers has been a huge focus of ours,’’ said Will Poole, Microsoft corporate vice president for new media. Movielink, the fledgling multistudio effort to offer films online, is expected to use the Windows Media format, movie executives said, although it also might use software from RealNetworks. Pressplay, one of the two major record label-owned music services, already uses Windows Media. Microsoft’s Palladium design initiative, begun with both content protection and security in mind, would bar computer users from doing some things in a walled-off part of their machines. that it could check in the vault and delete unapproved content.


Chinese communists set date for party congress BEIJING (L.A. Times) — If drinking

tea is China’s favorite activity, then reading the leaves may come in second. That propensity was on display last week after the ruling Communists finally announced, after much delay, that they would convene their party congress Nov. 8 — a highly anticipated event that could see the first orderly turnover of power in modern Chinese history. Instead of quashing all the political speculation triggered by the delay, setting the date has pushed the rumor mill here into overdrive. Observers — who were already busy parsing every word out of Chinese officials’ mouths, pondering their silences and poring over articles in the state-run media — now tried to divine the reason for the relatively late start of the congress, which is held only once every five years. Some deduced that President Jiang Zemin had succeeded in a last-minute backstage bid to stay on as party chief, rather than cede the spotlight as expected to a new generation of leaders. Others were sure it meant exactly the opposite. In truth, only Jiang himself and the tiny inner circle of China’s top leaders know what the prescripted outcome of the 16th Party Congress will be. Despite two decades of monumental social and economic change, with China opening up to the likes of Ikea, the Internet and international investment, politics at the very top remains stuck in time. Today’s party machinations are as shrouded in mystery as the palace intrigue of the country’s imperial past, impervious to concepts of public accountability and transparency. “This is a dangerous way to deliberate a nation’s future (and) is the reason why it is difficult to imagine how China can continue

to make progress into the modern world, much less the democratic world,’’ said Orville Schell, a veteran Sinologist at the University of California, Berkeley. This is not to say that governance in China hasn’t changed at all over the years. At the grass-roots level, the Communist regime trumpets its experiment in village democracy, in which China’s one million villages are supposed to choose their own leaders in free and fair elections. Although the experiment hasn’t been as successful as the government likes to make out — corruption, party supremacy and even strong-arm tactics sully the record — some progress has been made in prying open the previously private dealings of local officials. At least one province, the freewheeling, economically advanced Guangzhou, is also trying to open some of its provincial-level affairs to public consultation and review. And at the pinnacle of power, the days of Mao Tse-tung and Deng Xiaoping, men who could spark mass movements or set policy with a single phrase or speech, are over. Jiang, albeit China’s No. 1 leader, belongs to a collective of seven senior officials who rule by consensus as the standing committee of the Politburo. No free press or public watchdog group tries to uncover what goes on in Zhongnanhai, the government compound in the center of Beijing. There was a flicker of greater openness in the late 1980s, but it was extinguished by the 1989 Tiananmen Square massacre. This November’s conclave was to be the 76-year-old’s swan song as party chief and was meant to usher in China’s so-called “fourth generation’’ of leaders, including the man widely believed to be in line to take over, Vice President Hu Jintao.


Chevron Texaco’s Tilton named CEO of United Airlines (Washington Post) — UAL Corp., parent of financially ailing United Airlines, on Monday named ChevronTexaco Corp. Vice Chairman Glenn F. Tilton as chairman, president and chief executive officer effective immediately. As anticipated, the news came hours after a special teleconference of the company’s directors. Tilton won unanimous approval from the board. “Glenn is a forceful, positive executive who is exactly the right person to lead United at this critical time,” said James O’Connor, a United director who led the nearly yearlong chief executive search. “He knows how to guide major global companies through difficult transitions with a sharp focus on financial responsibility. He is an extremely hardworking, hands-on executive who knows how to engage employees.” UAL President Rono Dutta and Chief Operations Officer Andrew Studdert resigned in conjunction with the appointment, the airline said. Dutta and Studdert had encountered opposition from the company’s two most powerful unions, the pilots and machinists. Neither was available for comment. Tilton replaces United’s inter-

im chief executive, John W. Creighton Jr., who said in May that he planned to step down after his 70th birthday, which was Sunday. Creighton is retiring. Tilton, 54, a Washington native, has spent his career with Texaco Inc. Since graduating from the University of South Carolina in 1970, he has held several marketing and management positions with the oil company. Last year he was named chairman and chief executive of Texaco, the nation’s secondlargest oil company, shortly before it was acquired by Chevron Corp. Airline analyst Helane Becker of Buckingham Research Group said a top executive does not have to come from the airline industry, citing Delta Air Lines Inc.’s chairman and chief executive, Leo Mullin, as an example. Mullin, a former banking executive, was named head of the Atlanta-based carrier in 1997. Becker said Tilton’s biggest challenge will be securing wage and benefit concessions from United’s employees as part of United’s effort to cut costs. “I don’t think you need to be from the industry to succeed in the industry — just a really smart businessman,” she said. “But he

needs to get labor on his side soon. Like in about eight hours.” Obtaining favor from the airline’s labor groups is critical. The airline’s employees own 54 percent of the carrier and control three board seats, two of which are represented by labor unions. In October, angry employees forced the ouster of the airline’s then chief executive, James Goodwin, after he warned them in a letter that the airline would “perish” without major cost cutting and operational changes. Creighton, who was a United director, then became interim chief executive. In a statement, Tilton spoke of “partnering” with United’s employees. He also said his highest priority is restoring employee trust and reviving “investor and customer confidence.” Through a company spokesperson, he declined to be interviewed. “In addition to outstanding people, (United) has a powerful global brand, the world’s best air routes and one of the youngest fleets,” Tilton said in the statement. “But in the days ahead, all of us with a stake in United must work together to reestablish a competitive company with a prosperous longterm future.”

White House downplays rift over Iraq attack (Washington Post) — The White

House on Monday played down publicly aired differences among top Bush advisers about an attack on Iraq, as President Bush’s press secretary dismissed apparent disagreements as “much ado about no difference.” The appearance of a rift among the most senior American officials has grown following the release Sunday of excerpts of an interview by Secretary of State Colin Powell with the BBC in which he said weapons inspectors should return to Iraq as a first step in dealing with Saddam

Hussein. That seemed to contradict remarks made by Vice President Cheney indicating that inspectors would be of no use. The views expressed by Bush’s two highest ranking lieutenants appeared to elevate a dispute between hawkish administration officials — particularly Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld and civilian officials in the Pentagon — and others — particularly Powell’s State Department and the Joint Chiefs of Staff — who favor a more cautious approach. “They haven’t spoken differently, they’ve spoken the same,’’

White House press secretary Ari Fleischer said aboard Air Force One en route to Pittsburgh for a Labor Day speech by Bush. Pressed further, the spokesman added, “The American position, as the vice president said in his remarks, and Secretary Powell said, and as the president has said, is that arms inspectors in Iraq are a means to an end, but the end is knowledge that Iraq has lived up to its promises that it made to end the Gulf War, that it has in fact disarmed, that it does not possess weapons of mass destruction.’’




Keeping focus The faces in University Hall are strikingly different than they were last year. As President Ruth Simmons prepares to renew Brown’s academic enterprise, the University welcomes several new high-level administrators. Vice President for Development Jim Husson, Dean of Medicine and Biological Sciences Donald Marsh, Director of Career Services Sheila Curran, Executive Vice President for Finance and Administration Donald Reaves, Provost Kathy Spoehr and Dean of the Graduate School and Research Peder Estrup all announced their resignations within months of Simmons’ arrival on campus. To replace these administrators, the University brought to College Hill a team of leaders from other prestigious universities. Simmons’ energy and commitment to reinvigorating the University are exciting. And we welcome those newcomers who will help the president carry out her aggressive goals. However, as Simmons assembles her new leadership team, we hope the new faces in University Hall remain committed to Brown’s unique culture and character. At least four of the new faces entering University Hall this semester come from universities that are not only larger than Brown but also hold different ideologies. Husson’s replacement, Ronald Vanden Dorpel, comes from Northwestern University. The new Provost, Robert Zimmer, comes to Brown from the University of Chicago. The new Executive Vice President for Planning, Richard Spies, arrives from Princeton University. Reaves’ replacement, Elizabeth Huidekoper, served as vice president for finance at Harvard University. These new administrators have experience leading large, research-oriented universities. Brown has traditionally focused its resources on the undergraduate liberal arts education. We hope the import of leadership from these diverse institutions does not signal a shifting of values. Without strong institutional memory, a university cannot move forward successfully. Many of the administrators who left were part of the Brown community for several decades. Their contributions and vision should not be forgotten as new faces occupy their offices. As Brown moves forward in implementing Simmons’ plan to bolster Brown’s academics, those people spearheading that move should remember the values Brown’s students and professors hold dear.



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To eat meat is human, to eat veggies is divine Vegetarianism no longer just a diet, but a postmodern American’s credo “SHOULD YOU BE A VEGETARIAN?” nomic boom following World War II. Once upon a time, respondents to this Massive increases in beef consumption question could be divided neatly into two abroad, in countries such as Japan, serves camps, based on their personal proclivi- as evidence of the hegemony of U.S. conties and beliefs. For group one, the answer sumption customs. It’s only natural that to this simple query was encumbered by under these conditions a vegetarian subculture would take root and soul-shaking environmental, flower in the United States, ethical and dietary dilemmas. staunchly opposed to everyFor group two, the answer was thing the consumption of just “No.” meat products represents. As Today, the question has an added bonus for these been splashed on a July cover pundits, large-scale cattle of Time magazine, superimrearing is an ecological disasposed in oversized yellow ter in the making, bacon clogs block lettering over a photo of arteries and slaying fuzzy ania massive veggie burger. While mals to make lard isn’t very the inquiry still seems to be SANDERS KLEINFELD nice. posed at the individual, Time’s HOW VERY But Time’s tabloid-style shamelessly sensational cover exposé of America’s burgeonscoffs at this notion in order ing vegetarian troupe inadto boost newsstand circulation. Silly consumer, being a vegetarian is vertently hits upon an interesting new no longer about making an oft-difficult wrinkle: a religious fervor in adherence to personal decision; it’s about tuning into strict dietary protocol. In the twenty-first the national zeitgeist. It’s about being century, it is no longer sufficient or approdown-home all-American or Spago priate to classify oneself as a vegetarian, trendy. It’s about being a machismo because the term is hopelessly ambiguous machine or an effete ethicist. It’s about when one attempts to make the associadesperate cattle ranchers struggling to tion with frighteningly specific eating earn their livelihoods in an increasingly habits. If you eat cheese and omelets, horizontally integrated beef market and you’re an ovo-lacto-vegetarian, a member sanctimonious talk show hosts swearing of a select sect that will consume eggs and milk along with fruits, vegetables and off hamburgers on daytime television. None of this feels remotely new. grains. Do you avoid animal products, as Oprah’s courtroom battle with Texas cattle well as products of animal labor? That ranchers flooded the media more than makes you a vegan, a member of a closefour years ago. Red meat has been the U.S. knit cult of folks who eschew eating everyfood staple of choice, a symbol of prosper- thing from gelatin to honey. Feel left out of ity and power, since the United States’ eco- the club, because you consume chicken? No need to fret; you can still be a pollovegetarian, a subset of vegetarians who Sanders Kleinfeld ’03 is a cow hugger, not actually eat meat. a cow mugger. He edits the opinions page To illustrate the religious fanaticism of this semester.

the stringent dietary regulations of these vegetarian sects, one can simply observe how they play out in the corporate foodstuff marketplace. In the spring of 2002, Burger King took the groundbreaking step of adding the BK Veggie to its menu, our very first all-American fast food veggie burger. This addition should have been a boon to all kinds of vegetarians, as well as anyone looking to get a quick lunch containing less than 35 grams of fat. But complications have abounded from the get-go. True lacto- and ovo-vegetarians must request that their BK Veggie be microwaved, as dropping it on the grill risks precarious cross-contamination with Whopper residue. To observant vegans, the BK Veggie is as taboo as a T-bone steak for a couple of reasons: its low-fat mayonnaise still contains eggs, and there is natural butter flavoring melted into the sandwich’s bun. Head on over to, and you’ll find a section of articles and message board comments entitled “Support it or Lose it,” in which there is much lively discourse over the merits and caveats of Burger King’s decidedly nonvegan veggie burger. When people engage in such intense levels of obsession and preoccupation with immutable codes governing the food they place into their mouths, the principles and values underlying their self-imposed dietary restrictions seem to get lost in the shuffle. Everyone is preoccupied with a concerted effort to avoid breaching any technicalities set forth by the doctrine. This is not to suggest that vegans should start having scrambled eggs with their organic toast for breakfast. However, it seems ludicrous to charge a vegan a sinner or hypocrite for consuming a microwaved BK Veggie sans mayo, because it contains microscopic amounts of butter

process. After all, humans inadvertently swallow a pound of bugs in their lifetimes just by breathing. What do vegans do to avert this catastrophe? It’s interesting to note that the ascendance of dietary lifestyles to cult status seems poised to fill a void experienced by many people disenchanted with traditional religion. You don’t have to believe in a supreme spiritual being, heaven or hell to become enamored with vegetarianism. It doesn’t require blind faith to be enlightened to the facts that the food we eat is amazingly overprocessed, that America’s meatpacking industry is more interested in making a profit than providing us with uncontaminated beef and that consuming large quantities of fatty meats jeopardizes cardiovascular health. But for those who opt for a vegetarian diet, it feels quite comforting and self-validating to treat their consumption practices as a means of securing inner peace and fulfillment, and not just stepping up the roughage intake. I personally do not eat red meat at this juncture in my life, although I do not label myself a pesco-pollo-vegetarian. I feel marginalized by vegetarianism as an institution, for largely the same doctrinal reasons I feel marginalized by Judaism. Without being deemed a hypocrite, I reserve the right to scarf down a Big Mac if I crave it and am really hungry, just as virgins reserve the right to have sex if they crave it and are really horny. I do, however, admire and respect those who can find a sense of meaning and moral purpose in their lives through their diet. I look forward to the day when courses in veganism are offered in Brown’s Religious Studies Department.

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Even with deal, players’ union shows it still has muscle (L.A. Times) — Across the United States, peanuts and Cracker Jacks will be served Monday. Fresh lines of chalk will separate the field of play from foul territory. And the national anthem will blare out of loudspeakers as hundreds of thousands of fans sing along. The Major League Baseball Players Union may have helped save the remainder of the 2002 season by agreeing to boost revenue sharing and a luxury tax, but it retains its clout as one of the nation’s most powerful brotherhoods, capable of bringing the 126-year-old national pastime to a halt. “Clearly they’re the most successful union in post-World War II America, if you measure success by the enormous gains it’s made for its members,” said Chuck Korr, a professor of history at the University of Missouri at St. Louis who recently published a book on baseball’s labor history. The union’s strength is drawn in part from skilled leadership from veterans of the United Steel Workers of America and unusual degree of cohesiveness among the ranks, a unique formula that makes the most of collective bargaining. It also helps that the game’s superstars have shown an unparalleled willingness to put their astronomical salaries on the line and go to bat for their brethren at the bottom of the pay scale. Since the union’s early days, minimum player salaries have increased from $13,500 to $200,000. Average salaries have skyrocketed from $34,092 to $2.38 million. Players have prevailed in each of the eight work stoppages since 1972. That record of success makes the Players Union the envy of other sports’ leagues and the American labor movement. Nationwide, the proportion of workers represented by unions has dropped from one in three in 1955 to one in eight today. A full assessment on how well the union fared in Friday’s agreement won’t be possible for several years. “I don’t think (Friday’s deal) says anything at all about the strength of either side,” said Leonard Koppett, a member of the writers wing of the Baseball Hall of Fame and author of “Koppett’s Concise History of Major League Baseball.” “If it turns out to be very disadvantageous to one side or the other, then we’ll be able to say somebody lost.” Korr said both sides were able to prevail by avoiding a potential devastating strike: “( The union) got what was acceptable to them at no cost. I don’t see how anybody can call that losing.”

TRIVIA Questions 1. Who was the most recent player to record an unassisted triple play? 2. Who are the only three teams to win four or more Super Bowls? 3. Who was the last Heisman winner from a New England school? 4. Who are the five remaining active players of the original 1992 “Dream Team”? 5. Who was the last American other than Pete Sampras or Andre Agassi to win the US Open?



The women’s crew team continued its dominance at the NCAA championships, winning its third team title in four years at Eagle Creek Park in Indianapolis in June. The Bears edged out last year’s champions, the University of Washington, with 67 points to the Huskies’ 63. Both squads finished far ahead of the third place team, the University of California-Berkeley, which earned 44 points. The competition consisted of three races, and each team was assigned points depending on its finish in each race. The Bears finished second in the First Varsity Eight Final for 33 points, second in the Second Varsity Eight Final for 22 points and first in the Varsity Four Final for 12 points. “It was great to have all that hard work pay off at the NCAAs,” said Bronwyn Uber ’04. “Although it was a little bittersweet as our first two boats finished second to Washington, winning the team championship was always our ultimate goal.” On day one of the three-day contest, Brown qualified easily for the semifinals of the First Varsity Eight and for the finals of the Second Varsity Eight and Varsity Four. On day two, the Bears won their semifinal heat to become the only team to qualify for the finals in all three events. Day three started out well for Bruno as it won the Varsity Four Final with a time of 7:42:24, finishing ahead of the University of Virginia and Yale University. It was in this event that the Bears gained a substantial points advantage over the University of Washington. The Huskies, who on day one failed to qualify for the finals in the fours, only finished fourth in the Fours-Petite Final. The fourth-place finish placed them tenth overall in this race and gave them three points, putting them nine behind Brown at this point in the contest. In the second race of the final day, Brown finished second to the Huskies in the Second Varsity Eight Final. This result left Washington clinging to hopes of possi-

The women’s crew team continued its dominance this summer, winning its third team title in four years at the NCAA championships, which were held in Indianapolis in June. ble back-to-back national titles but gave the Bears control of their own destiny. To win, the Huskies needed to finish at least three places ahead of Brown in the First Varsity Eight Final. Therefore, all the Bears needed was a top-three finish to take home the championship. Washington did its part to put the pressure on the Bears, finishing first with a time of 6:36:41. But the Bears held off both Berkeley and Ohio State University for second place to clinch the national title. In the short six-year history of the competition, Brown and Washington remain the only two schools to earn women’s crew championships. As a result of their national championship run, the Bears earned several postseason honors from the Collegiate Rowing Coaches Association (CRCA). Rosie Branson-Gill ’02 and Jessica Lanning ’02

were named First Team All-Americans and Lucy Lueders-Booth ’02 was named to the Second Team. All three rowers earned spots on the New England Region First Team. Additionally, Head Coach John Murphy was named the New England Region Coach of the Year for the second time in three years. Although the Bears graduated several seniors, this June’s NCAA victory will surely motivate next year’s squad towards success as well. “I went and worked out at the boathouse yesterday, and to see the new national championship banner and to know that I was part of that team is a great feeling,” Uber said. Herald staff writer Nick Gourevitch ’03 can be reached at

Wings are the only winners in Buffalo NOW THAT THE BASEBALL LABOR dispute has been solved, we can all lend a crying shoulder to our beloved Red Sox fans. The only chance they had at not losing the pennant came last Friday, when some of the richest people in America threatened to stop working in hopes of having their collective wages surpass IAN Cold War military CROPP spending by the ROBOCROPP United States. Every summer the Sox fool all their fans into believing that this could be the year, but before you know it, the fans are more concerned with the score of the Yankees game than the osteoporosis of Rickey Henderson. But Red Sox fans have about as much right to complain as any fired Disney executive whose golden parachute is big enough to support the Yankees’ payroll. The Sox did win a championship, albeit over 80 years ago, and New England has a few other sports teams to root for. If any Sox fans feel Boston has been cursed, I implore them to reconsider and compare their woes with that of any sports fan from Buffalo. In 1991, the Buffalo Bills appeared in their first Super Bowl. Most fans rightfully had high expectations and the game came down to one final play, one strikingly similar to the past Super Bowl. As I sat behind the couch with my eyes peeking through

my fingers, I watched a kick sail wide right. My dreams had been shattered by Scott Norwood (also know as Norwide), whose 16th minute of fame came in the portrayal of his saga via the character Ray Finkle in Ace Ventura. While I can’t confirm the fact, it has been rumored that Bill Buckner called up Norwood, consoled him, and then proceeded to thank him for taking the title of “most nauseating play.” The following year, the Bills bounced back and found their way into the big show again. Despite the loss the previous year, spirits were high in Buffalo, and a win didn’t seem that far-fetched. By the end of the fourth quarter, heads were hung low and hearts had been broken again. Not ready to give up quite yet, the Bills shook off the loser mentality and decided to try their luck against the Cowboys. It’s a good thing none of the Bills players tested their luck at Russian roulette that evening (or is it?), as they lost 52-17. Not knowing when to quit, the Bills decided to lift themselves up by their bootstraps and play in a fourth straight Super Bowl the following year. While most fans were sad with the loss, which was more anticipated than the Spanish Inquisition, everyone just wanted the pain to stop. Buffalo currently boasts one other professional team, the Buffalo Sabres. Like the Sox looked towards the Pats to take some of the load off their back, the Bills waited for the Sabres to make a move.

In 1999, 24 years after they lost their first championship, the Sabres found themselves in a position to put Buffalo on the map (if you look, it’s actually there). Hearts were not only broken, ripped out, and torn apart; they were also forced down the throats of Buffalonians. Brett Hull played the role of Bucky Dent as the spoiler and scored the winning goal, which wasn’t actually a goal according to the rulebook. A cry of “No Goal” fell on deaf ears, and many wondered if Beck had done his best Nostradamus in writing the song “I’m a loser,” which if played backwards tells the saga of Buffalo sports. I could go on and share the tale of the Immaculate Throwback, in which a highly questionable call ousted the Bills from the playoffs, or the horror story of No Goal II, but I’ll spare those with light stomachs. So as baseball season winds down and the Sox slip further away from the World Series, I urge Sox fans: Hold your heads high. Maybe Boston won’t see a championship for the rest of the natural life of the Sun, but why cry and complain when there is another city that hasn’t won a championship in Avogadro’s number of years? You can chant “Yankees Suck” ‘til you lose your voices, but don’t even think about telling me that you know what pain is. Ian Cropp ’05 hails from Buffalo, NY. This is his first column for the Herald.

1. Randy Velarde, Oakland, 2000 2. Dallas, San Francisco, Pittsburgh 3. Doug Flutie, Boston College, 1984 4. Scottie Pippen, Patrick Ewing, Karl Malone, David Robinson, Christian Laetnerr 5. John McEnroe, 1984

Tuesday, September 3, 2002  

The September 3, 2002 issue of the Brown Daily Herald