ISSUE NO 2 / AUGUST 2017
N E W S A N D N O T E S F R O M T H E W I L L I A M B R E M A N J E W I S H H E R I TA G E M U S E U M
Educating the Jewish South Women of the Holocaust
Preserving Iraqi Jewish Heritage Are Jewish Museums Dynamic Institutions?
e f This issue of At The Breman has been made possible thanks to a generous gift by Elinor Breman
WELCOME TO THE SECOND ISSUE of our magazine
“At the Breman”. It is an honor to write to you as the Acting Executive Director of the William Breman Jewish Heritage Museum. The inaugural issue of the magazine celebrated 20 years of exceptional activities, and the visionaries who made the Breman a reality. In this edition, you will discover new acquisitions in the Cuba Family Archives, learn more about “Choosing Hope”, a documentary film from the Weinberg Center for Holocaust Education, find out about upcoming exhibitions and programs, and read an exclusive interview with CAJM’s Director, Melissa Martens Yaverbaum, about the role of Jewish museums and their future. As we continue to evolve, one thing remains constant: the Breman is about relationships and connections. We are about communities: the Jewish community, the history, arts and culture community, the neighborhood, and the schools who rely on us to draw from the lessons of the Holocaust, and build strong, openminded citizens. The Breman is about people: our success depends on the work of our extraordinary staff, dedicated leadership, volunteers and museum educators. We depend on you. As our museum moves forward, I hope that you will come along, and continue to engage every step of the way. Grazie e buona lettura!
ISSUE TWO | AUGUST 2017
PUBLISHER The Breman Museum email@example.com EDITOR Kevin C. Madigan firstname.lastname@example.org CREATIVE DIRECTOR David Schendowich email@example.com GRAPHIC DESIGN Michael Friedman Sosgona Marketing & Design www.sosgona.com firstname.lastname@example.org William Breman Jewish Heritage Museum 1440 Spring Street NW Atlanta, GA 30309 678.222.3700
2017 IS TURNING OUT TO BE another outstanding year for The Breman Museum.
Our new Lunchtime Culture series, a partnership with the High Museum of Art and the Center for Puppetry Arts, is increasingly popular. The exhibition The Legacy of the Hebrew Orphans’ Home just opened and we have a feature about it in this issue. Our Historic Jewish Atlanta Tours are very well-attended and usually sell out. The compelling Bearing Witness series continues, with Holocaust survivors telling their important stories. Much more is being planned as well, as you can see in the magazine. I want to welcome all the new members of the board who have recently joined us, and I wish to extend a special greeting to Ghila Sanders, who is now the museum’s Acting Executive Director. We wish her lots of success.
Craig Frankel Board President
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TheBreman.org Cover Art: Atlanta, GA, Circa 1920, Photograph of residents of the Hebrew Orphans’ Home on an outing to the Loew’s Theater in Five Points. From the Cuba Family Archives at The Breman Museum.
© Copyright 2017. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in whole or part without written permission from the publisher. Views expressed in AT THE BREMAN magazine are those of the respective contributors and are not necessarily shared by the magazine or its staff.
THE FOUR “R”S A NEW DOCUMENTARY
THE EVOLUTION OF JEWISH INSTITUTIONS
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STAFF DIRECTORY SHAWN CLEMENTS Visitor Services Coordinator JEREMY KATZ Director, Cuba Family Archives RACHEL KATZ Director, Membership & Visitor Services MICHELLE LANGER Holocaust Speaker Coordinator RABBI JOE PRASS Interim Director, Weinberg Center for Holocaust Education JENNIFER REID Group Tour and Volunteer Manager LINDSAY RESNICK Assistant Archivist GHILA SANDERS Acting Executive Director DAVID SCHENDOWICH Director, Marketing & Communications ISABEL SCHNEIDER Development Coordinator DEE TILLMAN Controller JULIE ZEFF Community Engagement Coordinator
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1984 – 1988
A.J Robinson 1988 – 1990
Betty Jacobson 1990 – 1992
Margaret Weiller 1992 – 1994
BOARD OF DIRECTORS
2017-2018 Elaine Alexander Cherie Aviv Candy Berman Judy Cohen Sam Coolik Marilyn Eckstein Karen Lansky Edlin Howard Fagin Rachel Finglass Elissa Fladdell Craig Frankel Curt Friedberg Leslie Isenberg Evan Kananack Adam Koplan Laura Krebs Joslin Lebauer Hank Lewin Anita Lynn Cindy Papadopulous Leanna Rinzler Jerry Rosenberg IJ Rosenberg Lori Shapiro Carla Silver Jeannette Zuckor EMERITUS Miles Alexander Spring Asher Tom Asher Lois Blonder Elinor Breman Laura Dinerman Gail Evans Peter Fishman Carole Goldberg Ben Hirsch Jarvin Levison Valerie Needle Carol Nemo AJ Robinson Marlene Schwartz Joyce Shlesinger
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Jarvin Levison 1994 – 1997
William A. Schwartz 1997 – 1999
Laura Z. Dinerman 1999 – 2002
Thomas J. Asher 2002 – 2004
Carole Goldberg 2005 – 2006
Valerie Needle 2006 – 2008
Tom Asher 2008 – 2009
Norman Zoller 2010 – 2011
Joyce Shlesinger and Spring Asher 2011 – 2013
Jerry Rosenberg 2014 – 2015
Craig Frankel 2015 – Present
NEW EXHIBITION CELEBRATES 140 YEARS OF EDUCATING THE JEWISH SOUTH BY DR. CATHERINE LEWIS
THE BREMAN MUSEUM OPENED an exhibition on August 14, 2017, telling the story of the Jewish Educational Loan Fund (JELF), one of the oldest non-profit organizations in Georgia. It will be on view through January 2018, and then a smaller exhibition will travel throughout JELF’s five-state region for the next decade. JELF has a long and storied history that reflects the active and dynamic Jewish presence in the South. The story begins in 1876 during the Grand Lodge Convention of B’nai B’rith’s Fifth District where Simon Wolf, an influential businessman, submitted a resolution to finance an orphanage. In 1889, the
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Hebrew Orphans’ Asylum (later Hebrew Orphans’ Home) was built in Atlanta by Wolf and a group of like-minded individuals who were concerned about the increasing number of immigrant children who needed assistance. From its inception, the Home supported children who had lost one or both parents or whose parents could not support them. In 1948, the Bureau was renamed Jewish Children’s Service (JCS) to better reflect its mission. In the post-war period, JCS helped the new wave of European immigrants who came to the South after World War II.
Atlanta, GA, Circa 1920, Photograph of residents of the Hebrew Orphans’ Home on an outing to the Loew’s Theater in Five Points. From the Cuba Family Archives at The Breman Museum.
and agreed to help those undertaking a career change. JELF recipients have joined a distinguished group of alumni, all of whom have embraced the Jewish proverb that “a table is not blessed if it has fed no scholars.”
Throughout the 1950s, JCS expanded its services to provide placements in foster homes or special care institutions, in-home supervision, services to unwed mothers, mental health treatment, and a regional adoption program. In 1961, the Board of Jewish Children’s Service (JCS) transformed the organization as it became evident other welfare organizations in Atlanta were providing similar or overlapping services. Eventually, JCS began assisting college students who were struggling to fund their education.
Education has always been a cornerstone of Jewish philanthropy - and the core component of this organization, as the Hebrew Orphans’ Home, Jewish Children’s Service or the Jewish Educational Loan Fund. The organization continually seeks to fulfill Simon Wolf’s vision - to help Jewish youth in need reach their full potential and become contributing members of their Jewish communities.
Throughout the 1970s and 1980s, with more than ninety percent of college-age Jewish youth seeking higher education, demand for JCS loans increased. In 1989, JCS changed its name to the Jewish Educational Loan Fund (JELF). Recognizing that many careers require graduate degrees, vocational, or other certifications, JELF has enlarged its support
Dr. Catherine M. Lewis is Assistant Vice President of Museums, Archives & Rare Books at Kennesaw State University and a guest curator for the exhibition, “The Legacy of the Hebrew Orphans’ Home: Educating the Jewish South Since 1876,” on view at the Breman Museum from August 2017 to January 2018.
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2017 Molly Blank Jewish Concert Series presents NPRâ€™s From The Top.
ELINOR BREMAN CELEBRATES HER 95TH BIRTHDAY! MUSEUM FOUNDER William Breman’s widow, Elinor Breman, gave us a statement for the magazine on the occasion of her 95th birthday:
“What great memories I have of the planning, renovation and exciting opening of the Breman in June of 1996. We had 300 founding members attending, with speeches, music, food, cutting of the ribbon, the unveiling of Bill’s portrait, and our first exhibit. I hope long before the museum is my age we’ll be in a beautiful free-standing building with continued and greater awareness of how important it is to preserve our culture and history.”
WOMEN OF THE HOLOCAUST: WHY THEY MATTER BY NORBERT FRIEDMAN
MY REACTION ON SEEING the impressive first issue of At The Breman magazine was “Well, it’s about time.” Somehow the impact was reminiscent of seeing a long-awaited streetcar finally arrive. My feeling of elation was heightened when Aaron Berger, the museum’s former director, asked me to contribute an article for this second issue of At The Breman, saying, “Why don’t you write something about the plight of women during the Holocaust?” So my plan is to write a series of articles on the experiences of women in the midst of the Shoah, and this first one is an excerpt from my book on Wladek Zaremba, which will be published soon. So why did I, a confirmed European chauvinist, become almost obsessed with the need to involve myself in the subject of “Women in the Holocaust”? Like most survivors, I’m beset by a compulsion to check out everything written by
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other survivors about their experiences. Once, some years ago, while browsing at a bookstore, I was drawn as usual to the section of books on the Holocaust. I looked at the names of the authors and I was struck by the fact that most of what has been written as testimony has been authored by men. Then I went to my library and checked the titles in the Holocaust section and the same peculiarity was obvious there. There is no data on the percentage of women who survived. We know from the facts on the ground that the Nazis kept alive those whom they considered necessary and fit for labor. We know from our post-war understanding that fewer women survived than men. However, the proportion of women authors in post-Holocaust literature is still far lower than the percentage that survived.
Photograph from Absence of Humanity: The Holocaust Years 1933-1945 at The Breman Museum
Norbert Friedman speaking at Bearing Witness Remarkable Stories From The Holocaust
I have many friends, female Holocaust survivors, who never speak about their past in the camps or the ghettos - not to their spouses, nor their children or even their most intimate confidants. Why?
women than by men, and inflicted deeper wounds on them, with scars never to heal. Think of what one might consider a frivolous factor: a girl or a woman paid attention to her mode of dress and to her external appearance, even in the dismal conditions that existed during the war. And having been thrown into the camp vortex, she had to suffer the humiliation of having her head and her body shaved in the presence of men, and having to wear the same camp caftan, sometimes for years. She had to often do without underwear, without opportunities for hygienic care, and frequently was the subject of sexual harassment.
From that day in the book-store, I decided to look into this phenomenon. I attended symposiums on the subject of â€œWomen in the Holocaust.â€? I cautiously probed, I listened and I inquired of others what might have been the reason. Eventually I came to a conclusion, one that might be challenged: that the more severe the trauma, the more difficult it is to face the causes and the consequences of it.
The memory of the shame and embarrassment, the sense of unworthiness and the guilt of having survived it all, banished those experiences into the deepest crevices of consciousness and to the most secret, inexpressible reminiscence.
The simple truth is the experiences of women in the Holocaust were more traumatic than those of men, or at least their impact was. The separation from family, the absence of interaction with oneâ€™s parents, the loss of a child. All those were felt more profoundly by
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Some years ago I was given a set of documents in Polish in order to translate them into English. They consisted of testimonies given by 112 survivors to the Historical Commission in Krakow, Poland, in March of 1945, shortly after liberation by the Soviet Army. These were fresh memories of very recent experiences.
Witnesses, and political prisoners, but not women. In an article on the museum, Andrea Dworkin wrote: In the museum, the story of women is missing. Women are conceptually invisible: in the design of the permanent exhibition, by which I mean its purpose, its fundamental meaning; in its conception of the Jewish people. Anti-Semites do not ignore the specific meaning or presence of women, nor how to stigmatize or physically hurt women as such, nor do those who commit genocide forget that to destroy a people, one must destroy the women. So how can this museum, dedicated to memory, forget to say what happened to Jewish women?
There were a few by children, about sixty by men, and the rest were by women survivors. All the testimonies by women, with five exceptions, spoke about witnessing atrocities, experiments and the sexual abuse of others. Only five women found the courage to speak about their own anguish and torment. Lately, thank G’d, more and more women are realizing the finality that stares at them and have thus given verbal and written testimony, contributing priceless knowledge and insight into the terrifying mosaic of the Shoah.
The second reason emerged in spring of 2001. David Altshuler, the then director of the “Jewish Heritage Museum, a Living Memorial to the Holocaust” in New York, called me into his office, swore me to secrecy and told me that on the following Sunday a prominent visitor would arrive, and that he would like me to be his guide through the museum.
Why is it so important to speak on the subject of “Women in the Holocaust”? Do women really care? Two instances convinced me that they do, and that I should too.
First: The Permanent Exhibition of the United States Holocaust Memorial Photograph from the Liberation of Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp, April 1945 (BU4010) Museum in Washington, DC “Whom are you talking contains no conceptualization about?” I asked. of women during the Holocaust. In brief segments of the exhibition, one can ponder the roles of Freemasons, “Steven Spielberg. He wants to come with his family, Roma and Sinti (Gypsies), homosexuals, Jehovah’s but he does not want any fanfare. He is scheduled to
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arrive Sunday at 10 a.m. Try to keep him away from the crowds.”
first piece of cloth the liberators had given her, and the joy and relief she felt having her own individual garment which she called her “liberation dress.” She cherished it and subsequently wore it at every significant occasion.
I was at the entrance to the museum at 9:30 a.m. on the day, feeling rather excited. An hour later, his wife Kate Capshaw literally jogged in with two other women, having come from their Midtown hotel, still looking good in their sweats.
Finally, Kate’s husband Steven Spielberg, the producer of “Schindler’s List,” arrived with three of their children, and we spent another two and a half hours together. When the limousine arrived to take them back to the hotel, Kate hugged me and whispered: “If I come by myself, Norbert, would you give me an individual tour? I learned more from you today than all I’ve learned till now,” she said. “I will never forget the sight and the story of the “liberation dress.”
“Steve is going to come a little later with the children; we have a little time before that,” she told me. I decided to use that time to take them to the area where we exhibited camp uniforms both for men and women. I showed them the striped caftans that the women wore, and I spoke about the shame and discomfort that a woman inmate was subjected to, and what the dress, sometimes worn for depressingly long periods of time, represented to the prisoner.
Norbert Friedman (Poland) survived eleven concentration camps and frequently appears as a speaker at The Breman’s Bearing Witness program.
Then I took them to where Frania Blatt’s dress hung, and told them the story of Frania having sewn it from the
SUPPORT JEWISH CULTURE ART & HISTORY William Breman Jewish Heritage Museum Weinberg Center For Holocaust Education
Cuba Family Archives for Southern Jewish History Exhibitions, Education & Events
To make a contribution today mail the enclosed envelope / Call 678.222.3700 / Visit the Museum Store / Online at TheBreman.org
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NEW EXHIBITION COMING TO THE BREMAN JAN. 2018 Once they were found, the waterlogged materials quickly deteriorated in the cityâ€™s extreme heat and humidity, according to the United States National Archives, which was brought in to assess them.
AMERICAN FORCES DID NOT FIND any weapons of mass destruction in Iraq, but they did come across something fascinating and very real: a treasure trove of written works about Jewish life in the area stretching from the mid-sixteenth to late twentieth century.
With the agreement of Iraqi officials, the National Archives undertook to ship them to the US where they were restored, cataloged, and digitized. Some damaged fragments of Torah and Book of Esther scrolls were deemed by rabbinical authorities to be beyond repair and were ritually buried according to Jewish tradition. A traveling exhibit of the revived collection was then developed with the understanding that it would all be returned to Iraq in due course.
During the 2003 invasion, more than 2,700 books and scores of documents were discovered in the flooded basement of the Iraqi intelligence headquarters in Baghdad by a team from the US Army. Dating from 1540 to the 1970s and written in Hebrew, Arabic, Judeo-Arabic and English, the hoard includes a Babylonian Talmud from 1793, a Haggadah (Passover script) from 1902, and a Hebrew Bible from 1568. AT THE BREMAN
Before and After Treatment: Passover Haggadah from Vienna, 1930.This colorfully illustrated French and Hebrew Haggadah was published in Vienna.
Before restoration The Breman Museum will unveil the Discovery and Recovery: Preserving Iraqi Jewish Heritage exhibition from January to March 2018, in partnership with the National Archives and Records Administration. It will be presented in English and Arabic. Ghila Sanders, the museum’s acting director, said, “This exhibition is the product of an extraordinary effort to preserve history, and make its difficult lessons accessible. By bringing it to Atlanta we hope to create a connection between our public and the people whose stories are featured, their lives, traditions, influences, and ultimately, show our viewers the history of a country in turmoil through the experiences of its Jewish community.”
Jews lived in Iraq going back 2500 years to the time of Babylonia, but were eventually forced out. A statement from the National Archives explained that Iraqi life for Jews unraveled in the mid-20th century with the rise of Nazism and proliferation of anti-Jewish propaganda. “In June 1941, 180 Jews were killed and hundreds injured in an antiJewish attack in Baghdad. Persecution increased when Iraq entered the war against the new State of Israel in 1948. In 1950 and 1951, many Iraqi Jews were stripped of their citizenship and assets and the community fled the country en masse.”
“Discovery and Recovery” is an exceptional testimony of the Iraqi Jews’ story which started before the 6th century BC, making it the oldest community in the Jewish diaspora,” Sanders said. “The artifacts recovered by the US military give a one-off look into the life of what used to be one of the largest and most important Jewish Communities in the world.”
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NEW ADDITIONS TO THE ARCHIVES BY JEREMY KATZ
IN JULY 2015, THE SAVANNAH Jewish Archives (SJA) moved from the Georgia Historical Society to the Cuba Family Archives for Southern Jewish History at the Breman Museum. One of the major objectives of the Cuba Family Archives was to continue to grow the SJA. Over the past year, we have added significant items to the collection, most recently the pen and ink illustration “Dr. Nunez in Savannah” on artists’ board by renowned Georgia artist Wilbur Kurtz. This unique piece relates to one of the first arrivals of Jewish immigrants to the new colony of Georgia in 1733. Dr. Samuel Nunez, a Jewish physician from Portugal, replaced the local doctor who had succumbed to an outbreak of yellow fever, and he provided vital medical aid to locals and colonists, as depicted in the illustration. His efforts helped the settlement survive its first year and led to Savannah becoming the oldest Jewish enclave in the country.
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“Dr. Nunez in Savannah” pen and ink on artists’ board by Wilbur Kurtz, 11.5” x 15.5”, c. 1935-1940. Wilbur Kurtz Family Papers, Cuba Family Archives
Portrait of Beirne Prager in uniform and his World War I issued helmet, c. 1917. Beirne Family Papers, Cuba Family Archives
The illustration has been restored and will eventually be displayed in a Breman exhibition about Savannah’s Jewish history.
Pennsylvania, and eventually enlisted in the Georgia National Guard. When America entered World War I, Beirne served as a First Sergeant in an artillery company for the Georgia National Guard. Although he was offered a commission into the Federal Army during the war, Beirne demurred in order to stay with his troops. His papers consist of his army issued helmet, portrait in uniform (on metal; color), military discharge papers (photocopy), and a short biography written by his descendant, Nancy Prager.
Kurtz created this piece for a column he wrote for the Atlanta Journal Magazine and the Atlanta Constitution in the 1930s and 1940s. As an artist and a historian, these articles focused on Georgia’s history of prominent individuals, events, buildings, governors, Civil War battles, and train depots. Sometimes his wife, Annie Laurie Fuller, wrote the articles while he created the illustrations. Another significant collection the Cuba Family Archives recently accessioned is the Beirne Prager Family Papers. Born in Savannah on July 30, 1897, Beirne was the third child of Savannah native Sara Boley and German immigrant Mose Prager. Mose died when Beirne was a young child, leaving Sara to raise the children on her own. Beirne was sent to the Pennsylvania Military Institute in Chester,
The Cuba Family Archives looks forward to continuing to grow the SJA, as well as making the collections available to the public through online and physical exhibitions in the near future. The public is encouraged to reach out to archives staff to explore the SJA or make suggestions on possible new collections that document Jewish life in Savannah and Chatham County.
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BREMAN HAPPENINGS WHERE TO BEGIN? The museum’s schedule is jammed with events and exhibitions, as usual, so let’s take a look at what’s happening now, and some of what’s coming soon.
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The exhibition The Legacy of the Hebrew Orphans’ Home just opened in August and recounts the history of the famous facility in Atlanta that operated from 1876 to 1930. It was run by what is now known as the Jewish Educational Loan Fund (JELF) and was built to aid and educate orphaned children, ages four through 18, from Southern states. The orphanage symbolized a vibrant Jewish community in the South that was developing rapidly within a nation also in the midst of change, according to Dr. Catherine M. Lewis, Assistant Vice President of Museums, Archives & Rare Books at Kennesaw State University and a guest curator for the
exhibition, which is on view at The Breman Museum until January 2018. (See Dr. Lewis’ article on page 7)
How can Art and Artifacts Preserve History and Tell Stories? That’s the theme of the latest installment of Lunchtime Culture coming up on Tuesday, Sept. 15, 2017 at the museum. Lunchtime Culture is a brief presentation, performance, or tour experience from a new perspective for those looking for something different in the middle of the day, and it takes place between noon and 1 p.m. It’s a joint venture of The Breman with the Center for Puppetry Arts and the High Museum of Art, and is proving to be very popular. Each program is free and lasts about 20 minutes, giving you a bit of time to look around the museum.
Then, on Friday, Oct. 20, at the High Museum, Holocaust survivor Henry Friedman
(Hungary) will discuss his post-war experience as a street artist in Italy in a talk called Re-Inventing Life Through Art. Need a laugh? The show on Friday, Nov. 17 will be at
the Center for Puppetry Arts and is a take on Jewish humor, surrounded by Muppets! The final Lunchtime Culture event this year is on Friday, Dec. 15 at the High Museum in which puppet builders will talk about how they create art that is used in performances. All these are free thanks to a generous donation from The Home Depot Foundation. The fascinating oral history Bearing Witness series of Remarkable Stories from the Holocaust continues this fall with the following speakers: Henry Lewin (second generation - Lithuania) on Sunday, Sept.
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10; Miriam Fishkin (Poland) on Sunday, Oct. 15; Bebe Forehand (Belgium) on Sunday, Nov. 12; and George Rishfeld (Poland) on Sunday, Dec. 10. Each event is free and starts at 2 p.m.
The Breman Museum proudly offers free admission to the 2017 series of Bearing Witness through a generous grant from the Sara Giles Moore Foundation. Space is limited so please try to arrive early!
On the Tigris River, about 1959. Photo courtesy of Maurice Shohet
of the city’s most significant sites. RSVP for each tour will be available one month before the tour date itself. It’s free for members and $10 for non-members. There is more information on our website.
Speaking of being popular, the Historic Jewish Atlanta Tours - which tend to fill up rather quickly - will explore these local spots during the rest of 2017: Westview Cemetery (Sunday,
Sept. 17); Oakland Cemetery (Wednesday, Oct. 18); and Temple Sinai (Wednesday, Nov. 15). Join us as we plunge into Atlanta Jewish history with exclusive tours of some
Coming up in January 2018, The Breman Museum will unveil the Discovery and Recovery: Preserving Iraqi Jewish Heritage exhibition which will be on until March, in partnership with the National Archives and Records Administration. It will be presented in English and Arabic. (Read more about it on page 17)
SUPPORT JEWISH CULTURE ART & HISTORY William Breman Jewish Heritage Museum Weinberg Center For Holocaust Education Cuba Family Archives for Southern Jewish History Exhibitions, Education & Events
To make a contribution today mail the enclosed envelope / Call 678.222.3700 / Visit the Museum Store / Online at TheBreman.org
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THE FOUR “R”S: HOW JEWISH PEOPLE FOUGHT BACK A NEW DOCUMENTARY illustrating the concept of the Four Rs - Resourcefulness, Resistance, Rescue, Resilience - is being released by the Weinberg Center for Holocaust Education at the Breman Museum.
Choosing Hope: Jewish Responses to the Holocaust is “a combination of teaching the Holocaust as well as illustrating the concept of each of these Four Rs through the individual testimony of many of our survivors,” said the center’s interim director, Rabbi Joe Prass, in an interview.
“The origin of the film came from a belief that the way museums around the world teach the Holocaust - ‘this is what the Nazis did to the Jews’ - was found to be lacking,” he said. “There was a desire to tell a more full story. So let’s tell also what the Jews did in response to the Holocaust. This concept, these themes, evolved from there; they responded in a variety of ways that can be summarized by the Four Rs.” Rabbi Prass explained that Jews needed to be resourceful at a time when everything was being taken away from them. “How do you survive?
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How do you acquire food? Shelter? How do you find hiding places?”
grandchildren,” the Weinberg Center reported. The instigator of the Four Rs concept and the film itself was Dr. Lili Kshensky Baxter, former director of the Weinberg Center and Rabbi Prass’ predecessor, and whose parents were survivors. The documentary is narrated by actor, writer, and director Carl Reiner. He was brought into the project by his sister-in-law Ilse Reiner, a survivor and Bearing Witness speaker who wrote the book “Through the Eyes of a Child: Diary of an Eleven Year Old Girl.”
Resistance usually means armed struggle but this goes way beyond that. “There is cultural resistance, spiritual resistance - that’s when Jews are celebrating the holidays - Hanukkah, Passover - even when they have nothing else and they’re confined to the ghettos. That is spiritual resistance. Nazis didn’t try to wipe out just Jews, they tried to wipe out Judaism,” he said. The third R, rescue, is exemplified by those who tried saving fellow Jews at great risk to themselves, and the fourth, resilience, indicates overcoming assaults and cruelty to live another day. “Almost all survivors had lost everything – loved ones, worldly possessions, homes and native lands. Yet they began new lives in adopted countries, built families, and had children and
With this film, Rabbi Prass said, “the Weinberg Center is looking forward to creating groundbreaking curriculums on the Jewish responses to the Holocaust story.”
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THE EVOLUTION OF JEWISH MUSEUMS: HOW TO CREATE A DYNAMIC INSTITUTION “JEWISH MUSEUMS CAN’T SIMPLY be collectors and keepers of our heritage anymore. They need to be dynamic institutions.” That is according to Melissa Martens Yaverbaum, Executive Director of the Council of American Jewish Museums (CAJM).
specific museum, ideally we should satisfy on both fronts,” she said. “The ingredients are right in front of us,” Yaverbaum added. “It’s about specific content and keeping the audience and the visitor experience in mind.” But how can museums such as The Breman retain Jewish specificity while also having general appeal and a broader audience? “Those things are complicated to sift out but I think it is doable,” she said. “We should think about both the explicit and underlying messages of our institutions. If we’re sending a message of continuity - which is extremely important - how does that go hand-inhand with inclusivity? That’s a very challenging idea. Who are we trying to attract and why? Those
Yaverbaum told At The Breman that to keep attracting visitors, Jewish museums need to question their reason for existing. “How can they be the best museums they can be, by society’s definition of great museums, and how can they be the best Jewish institutions? Both of those mandates - being the most dynamic and interesting - are very powerful and hard-toreach goals, so if we’re looking at any culturallyAT THE BREMAN
ideas are represented on our board, staff, volunteer base, and with our community partners, because if we’re not talking to the people we want to represent, it’s not going to come naturally to us.”
encounters with our really difficult histories - the less tidy moments of history, the less convenient narrative - then we might find the past is a very powerful agent for us,” she said.
Museums tend to attract older visitors, and plenty of schoolchildren, but not many millennials. Why does she think that is? “They want to go where there are like-minded people. If a carpool of them showed up at the museum, would they make new friends that day? They want to meet people they can date and by the time they have families they want a place where they can bring children,” Yaverbaum replied.
It’s no coincidence that many Jewish museums surfaced in the post-war decades. As Holocaust scholarship and memory proliferated, survivors began to share their stories and artifacts. As communities came to terms with understanding the history better, many of these organizations were founded due to the importance of that history, according to Yaverbaum. “How do we, the keepers of these institutions, make sure we maintain the public’s trust that we are the authority on content, creativity, and history, and take that expertise seriously?” she asked. “We wouldn’t spend our free time, in the 21st century, going to a website that didn’t meet our expectations, nor would we go to a museum that didn’t meet expectations. At a time when news media and other sources may not be reliable, visitors are expecting to have a special experience within the museum walls that they couldn’t have at home on their computers or TV set, and when they do experience it, it needs to be beyond the expected.”
A lot of the content at Jewish museums is serious and difficult to digest, she said, praising The Breman for being a leader in family programing and exhibitions. “I think families are very hungry for family-friendly museums, and the iterations of that are very exciting. It’s hard to say we’re delivering that in most of our museums.” Jews have a rich history which seems to be discussed in only three phases – before, during, and after the Holocaust. Do we focus on it too much? “The past is very powerful and very present. We should stop filtering it so much. If we let our audiences have
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Candy and Stephen Berman Goldie and Lou Bertone Shirley and Perry Brickman Lisa and Ron Brill Judy and Ronald Cohen Ann and Jay Davis Sharon and Howard Fagin Ellen and Howard Feinsand Jana Eplan and Craig Frankel Murray and Lynn Friedman Barbara and Burton Gold Cary Goldenthal and Lori Shapiro Barbara and Jerry Greenbaum Diane and Marc Hamburger Lila and Douglas Hertz Barbara and Alan Kaplan Carole and Sidney Kirschner Cathy and Jeffrey Korotkin Steve Kuranoff and Cathy Selig-Kuranoff Sandy and Bob London Marci and Isador Mitzner Jackie and Anthony Montag Brenda and Leon Novak Daniel Pentecost
Judy and Arnie Rubenstein Virginia and Milton Saul Joyce and Henry Schwob Linda and Stephen Selig Joyce and Irving Shlesinger Phyllis and Stanley Slutzky Stanley Srochi Susan Stern Betty and Alan Sunshine Halina and Aleksander Szlam
$540 SPONSOR LEVEL Sandra Adair Sam and Gary Alexander Amy and Robert Arogeti Barbara and Ronald Balser Vicki and Gerald Benjamin Penny Berk Sheryl Blechner Rita and Herschel Bloom Jean and Jerome Cooper John Michael Cowart Wendy and Gilbert Deitch Ellen Doft and Alex Katz Stella and Stanford Firestone Lois and Laurence Frank Robin and Darrin Friedrich Karen and Andrew Ghertner Morris Habif Renie and Frederick Halperin Yvonne and Emil Horesh Ann and Theodore Kaplan Jacob Kerker Sharon and Cary A. Koplin Ivah and Dr. M.J. Kukler David L. Kuniansky Brenda and Mark Lichtenstein Anita Lynn Jeanie and Albert Marx Sherry and Harry Maziar Morris Family Foundation Simone and Steven Nehmen Roberta J. Nemo and John Metz Tamara and Daniel Nemo Barbara and Marty Pollock Mary Pratt Eva and Robert Ratonyi Marlene and Stanley Rinzler A.J. Robinson and Nicole Ellerine Jacqueline and Harvey Sacks Marcia and Michael Schwarz Gina and Sam Shapiro Linda and Mark Silberman Carla and Arthur Silver Irene and Howard Stein Beth and Edward Sugarman Dee Tillman Angela and Samuel Weiland Connie and Robert Zerden Harriet and Norman Zoller
$275 PATRON LEVEL
Stephanie and Marshall Abes Sandy and Davis Abrams Toni and Joel Adler Diane and Kent Alexander Marla and Sidney Appel Bonnie Aronin Teri and Steve Astren Cherie and Gary Aviv David Bagner Mary and Michael Baron Linda and James Bartling Linda and Bruce Beeber Betty and Lester Breen Jennifer and Robert Breiman Frances Bunzl Daniel Caplan Ann and Jim Curry Brenda and Stanley Daniels Kathy and David Dorough Ilene Engel Stacey Hader Epstein and David Epstein Barbara Feinberg Viki and Paul Freeman
David Friedman Corky and Roger Gelder Celia and Donald Gilner Ann and Marvin Goldstein Eve and Joel Goldstein Leon Goldstein Billie Greenberg Lauren and James Grien Sherry Habif and Allie Jaffe Ruth and Mark Hackner Harry Heiman and Abby Friedman Ellen and David Herold Stuart Harvey Hillman Etta Raye Hirsch Jacquie and Benjamin Hirsch Nancy and John Hirsch Ellen and Jack Holland Julie Horowitz and Andy Gothard Fred Katz and Helen Grysman Marice Katz Monica Katz Rosanne and Andrew Kauss Rachel and Mike Kelleman Sheri and Steven Labovitz Elaine Levin Lisa and Ian Levin Berna and Noah Levine Barbara and Bertram Levy Marsha and Si Londe Roberta Lynn and Gary Wechsler Erna and Lawrence Martino Lenore Maslia Arthur Heyman and Shirley Michalove Betty and Malcolm Minsk Ila Abramovitz and Steven Nathan Jacqueline and Richard Needle Valerie and William Needle Debbie and Alonzo Neese Barbara and Buddy Ordover Virginia Parks Nancy and Zane Pollard Glenda and Bernard S. Pollock Pat and Robert Pugrant Mariella Volio and David Rachelson Zipporah and Paul Reisman Lauren Rich and Marian Meyers Maxine and Ronald Rosen Louise and Edwin Rothberg Brenda and William Rothschild Andrea Runnels Melissa and Philip Russ Annette Saparow David Sarnat and Joslin LeBauer Gale Schnall and Adela Easop Rabbi Ronald Segal, Temple Sinai Marilyn and Joshua Shubin Cynthia and Gerald Shulman Susan and William Silver Susan and Jay Smith Debbie and Stanley Sonenshine Lauren and Robert Spector Sylvia Spiegel Marilyn and Mickey Steinberg Helaine and Richard Sugarman Susan and Stanley Tenenbaum Jill and Jeffrey Vantosh Christi and Zach Walker Joan and Howard Weinstein Debbie and Brad Weitz Nanette Wenger Mindy Wertheimer and Ira Katz Sherri and Robert Wildstein Hylda Wilson Jackie Wolf Sheila and Merrill Wynne Jeannette and Michael Zukor Susan and Arnold Zweig
$200 DONOR LEVEL
Judy and Robert Abraham Judy Alembik Dolores and Harold Arnovitz Eliot Arnovitz and Phyllis Kozarsky Irene Aronin Norman Asher
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Norma Baker Henry Bauer and Mary Carole Cooney Sylvia Becker Janet and Bruce Beerman Eva and Gary Beldick Natalie and Matthew Bernstein Henry Birnbrey Joanne and Eddie Birnbrey Karen and David Birnbrey Leslie and Marshall Bloom Janice Blumberg Elaine and Jerome Blumenthal Mona Blumenthal Penina Bowman and Allan Bowman Carole and Nicholas Brand Galit and Joseph Breman Kathy and Alan Bremer Harold Brody Nancy Broudy Sharon and David Champa Sandy and Jay Coffsky Shirley Cohen Harriet and Sam Draluck Judy and Jerry Dubrof Karen and Andrew Edlin Anita and Maxwell Eidex Kaydee Erdreich-Breman Elisa and Robert Ezor Laraine and Lowell Fine Harriet and David Fisher Judith and Robert Golomb Ann and Walter Grant Lisa and Jim Haynor Michal and Jack Hillman Gladys Hirsch Barbra and Gene Hirsh Ellen and Dr. Barry N. Hyman Sylvia and Barry Hyman, President Natalie and Jay Kaiman Sally and Philip Kaplan Sharon Neulinger and Richard Kaplan Jeremy Katz Linda and Allan Katz Alison and Jeff Kaufman Ann and Michael Kay Barbara and William Klineman Kaye and Don Kole Elaine and Alan Kolodkin Stacey and Mitchell Kopelman Phyllis and Lewis Kravitz Debbie and Douglas Kuniansky Jeanney Kutner Sandybeck H. Lease Brenda Leder Carole and Stephen Legum Ellen and Raphael Levine Faith and Howard Levy Eva and Charles Lipman Deborah Lipstadt Sandra and Sam Massell D. Stephen Mayer Elyse Mintz and Claudia Shaw Sally Nemo Diane and Walter Orenstein Caroline and Rubin Piha Lisa and Hal Rabinowitz Lindsay Brooke Resnick Linda and Jerry Richman Gail and Allan Ripans Susan and Howard Rothman Ghila and David Sanders Linda Sanders Paul Sanders Stephanie Sansom Andre Schnabl and Denny Marcus Tosia and Alfred Schneider Susan and Raymond Schoenbaum Rachel and Lawrence Schonberger Ellen and Sanford Schwartz Joyce and Jay Schwartz Alice Shapiro Deborah and Charles Shelton Sukey and Hymie Shemaria Dale Shields Missy and Alan Shoenig Faye and Irwin Siegel
Sandra and Gary Silver Nancy and Gerald Silverboard Saba and Victor Silverman Kerri and Jeffrey Snow Jacalyn and Daniel Sosin Jill and Herbert Spasser Harvey Spiegel and Ellen Spitz Anita and Jeffrey Stein Shari and James Steinberg Sara and Paul Steinfeld Boots and Kenard Strauss Pam Sugarman and Tom Rosenberg Nica and Lee Tallman Rosalind Taranto Dede and Robert Thompson Jeanette and Nathan Tieman Leslie and Fred Wachter Harriet and Paul Weinberg Linda and Michael Weinroth Shirley Wender Michelle Easton and Mark Williams Susan and Jonathan Winner Leah Wolf Barbara and Michael Wolfson Pepi and Alan Wolkin
Mary and Carlile Chambers Julie and Jerry Chautin Elaine and William Clear Shawn Marie Clements and Kyala Stewart Jane and Mark Cohen Katherine and Ezra Cohen Stanley Cohen Miriam and Stephen Cole Mariella and Dominick Crea Kareen Dames Dr. Harvey Danits and Gail Cohn Davie and James Davis Trudy and Marvin Davis Jennifer Denbo and Harlan Eplan Elaine and Alan Dinerman Suzanne and Daniel Dinur Lori and Stephen Director Janet and Milton Dortch Michelle and Eric Egan Janice and Richard Ellin Katherine and Alan Elsas Elise and Jay Empel Ina and Harold Enoch Carole and Marvin Epstein Jan and Warren Epstein Tina and Sam Eskenazi $90 FAMILY LEVEL Alicia Evans Beverly and Stewart Aaron Bea and Bruce Feiman Barbara and Art Abbey Marilyn and Alan Feingold Phyllis Abramson Arnold Feinstein and Gigi Bugg Eve and David Adler Judith and Edward Feldstein Rosalyn and Saul Adler Ruthie Fenger Cookie and Fred Aftergut Dr. Robert Fine and Marsha Goldstein Gary Alembik and Stephen Graves Judy and Paul Finkel Alli and Mitchell Allen Jane and Alan Fishman Ann and Herbert Alperin Vicki and Barry Flink Marty and Richard Alterman Jody and Ramon Franco Linda and Allen Altman Phyllis and Richard Franco Pamela Anthony Cookie and Milton Frank, III Zoya and Jack Arbiser Margaret and Steven Freedman Miriam Arensberg Robyn and Ken Freedman Cameron Argotsinger Gloria and Dr. Kenneth Friedberg Elinor and Martin Arlook Linda and Michael Friedman Dorita and Hal Arnold Vicky and Marc Frolich Phyllis and Joseph Arnold Allison Fry Beth and Joel Arogeti Betty Furst Janet Bernstein and Larry Auerbach Nancy and Steven Gallant Kerry Ayres-Smith Carol and Charles Ganz Terri and Laurence Bagen Susanne and Brian Gartner Suzanne and Lawrence Baker Sherry and Robert Gaynes Judith and Joseph Balaban Jill and Chris Gedgoudas Lara and Michael Balser Rosemary and Jack Genberg Patricia and Jack Balser Hariette Gershon Susan and Jonathan Barry Robyn and Ed Gerson Linda and William Bath Sheila and Joe Gerstein Deborah and Tom Bauer Frida Ghitis and Barbara Lopes-Cardozo Lisa and Stephen Bauer Sara Ghitis Maxine Bauer and Richard Burt Caroline and Randy Gold Liliane and Thomas Baxter Margo and Larry Gold Amy and Jay Bear Renae and Eddie Goldberg Steven Beeber and Elaine Beeber Barry Berlin and Martha Popowski-Berlin Judie and Charles Goldman Sandi and Arthur Goldsmith Shirley and Gary Bernes Elise and Philip Goldstein Linda and Stanley Bernknopf Ellen and Paul Goldstein Diane and Marvin Bernstein Karen and Steven Goldstein Naomi and Richard Binenfeld Marcia Goldstein and John Sherwin Peter Birnbaum Bryan Golson and Michael Gross Sheila and Allan Bleich Diane and Seymour Goodman Joyce and Donald Block Joy Gordman and Elizabeth Alterman Cheryl and Myron Bloom Charlotte and Harry Gordon Barbara and Leonard Bock Marc Gottlieb Miriam and Marvin Botnick Libby and Nat Gozansky Adrienne and Tim Boyer Karen and Oscar Grablowsky Christina Bray Anat and Brian Granath Linda and Joshua Brener Jacqueline and Alan Granath Perla and Miles Brett Ilene and Adrian Grant Susan and Jeffrey Brickman Susan Glatt and Marc Greenberg Hallie and Corey Brinn Emily and Jeffrey Grosoff Joan and Donald Brown Marilyn and Laurence Gross Judith Brown Anne L. Grossman Irene and Richard Burstein Annette and Marvin Grubman Nina Bussell Paula and Lewis Gruskin Jane and Scott Butler Sherie and Arthur Gumer Stephanie Carter Rose and Michael Haber Pat and Frank Cervasio Helen and Frank Hahn
AT THE BREMAN
Robin and Richard Halpern Jennie and Macy Moret Amy and Paul Harris Nia Mosby Gloria and Howard Hecht Ellen and Jeffrey Nemhauser Anna and Jerry Heltzer Amy and Joel Neuman Linda and David Hendelberg Donna and Philip Newman Laura Hennighausen Michael Neuren and Linda Klein Allan M. Hess Mary Wilkes and Frank Ney Mindy and Jack Hyman Judith and William Obolsky Ellen Meshnick and Paul Immerman Martha and Daniel Oâ€™Lone Betty and Richard Isenberg Carolyn Oppenheimer Beth and David Jacobson Shirley Leder Osterneck Lillie Janko and Dena Cohen Judy and Edwin Palmer Cindy and Charlie Jaret Paradies Family Ilona and Stuart Jeiger Deborah Payne Deborah Johns Jennifer and David Pelcyger Linley Jones and Greg Roth Ellen and Steven Perlow Cheryl and David Joss Penny and Val Phillips Charlotte and Allen Kaminsky Jo and Louis Pichulik Pauline Kaplan Debbie and Richard Pinsky Renee and Howard Karchmer Barbara and Richard Planer Rosthema and Paul Kastin Mindy and Michael Planer Carol and Arthur Katz Ann and Morris Podber Martha Jo and Jerry Katz Judy and Seymour Pomper Suellen and Richard Katz Helene and Mark Popowski Marianna B. Kaufman and Diana M. Marilyn and Geoffrey Posner AlemĂĄn Cecile Prager and Nancy Prager Helene Katz and Jody Kennedy Leslie and Joe Prass Kandis Kerr Lucia and William Pulgram Amy Kicklighter Michael Rackstraw Janet and Paul Kirschbaum Norman Radow Harvey Klehr and Marcia Steinberg-Klehr Marcia and Tim Ranney Ruth and Ralph Klopper Rabbi Steven and Julie Rau Elaine and Ronald Koenig Lynn and Lewis Redd Frances and Herbert Kohn Lewis Regenstein and Helen Regenstein Betsy and Steven Kramer Jennifer and Robert Reid Cheryl and Russell Kramer Patricia and Douglas Reid Barbara and Robert Krasnoff Ralda and Martin Reish Ray Ann Kremer and George Shapiro Shirley and Donald Reisman Ethel and Robert Reznik Barbara Kruger Vicki and Gilbert Rich Audrey and Michael Landy Kathleen Donohoe and Morris Richman Michelle and Stuart Langer Susan and Gary Riese June and Ross Laver Pamela and George Rishfeld Evelyn and Harold Lefkoff Karen and Scot Rittenbaum Renay and Alan Levenson Laurie and William Robbins Elizabeth Levine Cyndy and Jim Roberts Esther and Michael Levine Donna Robertson Morton and Phyllis B. Levine Madelyn and Mathew Robins Vivian and Allan Levine Judy and Shai Robkin Lynne and Michael Levinson Phyllis and Sidney Rodbell Mara and Harvey Levitt Rachael and Jack Rosenberg Meryl and Richard Levitt Robin and Fredric Rosenberg Brita and Alvin Levy Barbara and Ishayahu Rosenblit Diane and David Levy Ann and Dan Rosenthal Leslie and Bob Levy Michael Rosenzweig and Shelli Bank Sue and Bob Levy Marsha Rosing and Conrad Jacobson Debbie Naylor and Henry Lewin Judith and Arnold Ross Cindy and Rabbi Shalom Lewis Franceen Rottenberg Jennifer and William Lieberbaum Carol and Joseph Rubin Randee and William Lieppe Alan Lippitt and Linda Nathanson-Lippit Barbara and Alan Rucket Sue and Gary Saban Deborah and Joel Lobel Kathy and Howard Sachs Jennifer Long Julia and Leonard Sacks Rita and William Loventhal Pamela Sampson Joyce Bihary and Jon Lowe Susan and Neil Sandler Joyce Lowenstein and Barbara Domir Lynn and Jan Saperstein Sonia and Murray Lynn Maxine and Jonathan Schein Karen Mahoney Christiane and David Schendowich Faye and Brian Maloney Isabel Schneider Leslie Gerber and John Mann Lea Schneider and Jerry Schneider Peggy and Lloyd Marbach Ann and Irving Schoenberg Arlene and Steven Marcus Judy and Alan Schulman Irma and Basil Margolis Lori and Herman Schwarz Betsy and Wayne Markman Rona and Barry Seidel Charlotte and Joel Marks Carol Senf and Jay Farlow Suzy and David Mayer Faith and Howard Shatzman Rachel McArthur Barbara and William Shoulberg Claudia McDavid Tobyanne and Arnold Sidman Farah McIntyre Sydelle and Irwin Silberman Gail and Butch Medwed Sharon and Howard Silvermintz Hilary Meredith Sydney Simons Gloria and Harvey Merlin Johanna and David Skid LeyAnna and Todd Messick Lynne and Richard Smith Shirley and Ivan Millender Merle and Myron Smith Ilene and Jon Miller Stephanie Smith Sheila and Donald Minsk Judy and Allen Soden Niamh and David Mitchell
Alona and Michael Solomon Wendy and Alan Solon Jenise and Henry Spil Gail and Warren Spiller Kate Stanton Gerald Starling Laura and Ronald Stein Merna and Allen Stein Helen and George Steinheimer Andrea and Steven Steinman Celeste and Daniel Strohl Hiram Sturm Karen Sumers and Jeffry Finkel Judy Sutter and Ed Garcia Maxine Hull and Cedric Suzman Amanda Tadajewski Babette and Jay Tanenbaum Arlene and David Taylor Barbara and Gary Teller Julia Ann and Robert Teplis John Tilford Clare Timmerman Susan and Sidney Tourial Arlene and Bruce Turry Lori and Alon Vainer Teresa and Herbert Victor Renee and Searle Videlefsky Jill and Gary Vogin Aviva and Morton Waitzman Laura and Larry Weiner Renie and Alan Weinstein Phyllis and Michael Weiser Mavis and Jeff Wener Alice and Brian Wertheim Shawn Whitman Ava and Robert Wilensky Barbara and Frank Wilensky Jennifer Willison Regina and David Witt Doreen and Burton Wittenberg Judy and Jeffrey Wohlberg Judy and Dan Wolbe Flo and Harold Wolf Rina Wolfe Diana and Dennis Wright Deborah and Timothy York Ellyse and Warren Zindler Lindsey Siegel and Drew Zoller
$65 INDIVIDUAL LEVEL Barbara Abend Ann Abrams Lawrence Abrams Fran Ackerman Edna Adler Rhona Albright Elaine Alexander Norma Appel David Bader Bonnie Bailey Merrily Baird Claire Balser Susan Barnard Mark Bauman Rabbi Peter Berg Judy Bernath Jane Bick Steven Blaske Shirley Borenstein Manuela Bornstein Richard Borth Lisa Boyarsky-Trotti Judy Bozarth Helaine Brill Mark Van Brooks Nell Brownstein Phyllis Busch Nikki Canter Sandra Caplan Russell Clayton Jeff Clemmons
Charlotte Janis Susan Jay Jo Jones Ileana Jowell Anna Kaminer Evan Kananack Alice Kaplan Ronald Kaplan Jonathan Karron Gus B. Kaufman, Jr. Wendy Kaufman Katherine Kennedy Sandy Kesler Jay Kieve Emily Kisber Barbara Klaus Rita Klee June Klein Katie Kloder Deena Ann Koniver Chip Koplin Joan Kornman Murray Kurtzberg Sherron Lazarus Matiel Leffler Vicki Leopold Rabbi Bradley Levenberg Liane Levetan Ann Levin Nancy Levine Rita LeVine Susan Levine Ruth Levison Miriam Strickman Levitas Myrtle Lewin Betty Lipshutz Jean Lowe Wendy Ludwig Monica Maher Lesy Marks Ann Marting Donna Masinter Dan Maslia Bernice Maw Jacqueline Metzel Ada Miller Beverly Miller Janet Monsour Rene Montaigne Jane Moore Susan Moray Patricia Muller Janice B. Nochumson Reina Nuernberger Leslie Okin Deborah Osterneck-Citron Sandra Palay Gary Palgon Dick Parker Marcia Pearl Marlene Perlman Joan Pressman Marilyn Prevor Lynne Rabinowitz Ducie Rachelson Kristina Rackstraw Lesley Radov Jo Ann Rau Esther Rawn Ilse Reiner Susan G. Renas Rhea Resnik Nancy Robinson Anta Romm Esther Rosenfeld Abby Rosenthal Marjorie Rosing
Candace Cohen Judy G. Cohen Phyllis M. Cohen Yvonne Cohen Shelley Coleman Bonnie Feig Cook Caren Cooper Patrick Crane Sandra Cuttler Claire Dâ€™Agostino Barb Dahlgren Margery Diamond Abby Drue Sarah Duwell Annette Z. Easton Sandy Edelman Sherrie Eisman Mark P. Ellis Adele Epstein Eileen Epstein Judy Epstein Maggie Erickson Cynthia Farber Randy Farrow Carole Feinberg Susan Feinberg Rosi Fiedotin Patricia Fine Carol Finkelstein Sonia Fishkin Rosa Fitterman Marianne Fixelle Betsy Fleisig Cheryl Fletcher Sherry Frank Fayne L. Frankel Linda Freeman Norbert Friedman Rochelle Friedman Shirley Friedman Arlene Gaber Francesca Garrett Ellen Gebel Karen H. Gibson Elizabeth Goldberg Arleen Golden Bernard Goldstein Freda Goodman Joel Greenberg Paula N. Gris Beatrice Gruss Billie Guthman Theodora Haber Charles Hacker Sherry Halpern Nancy Hamburger Alice Hanson Elaine Harris Phyllis Herman Ruth Hilsen David Hirsch June Hirsch Paul Hirsch Esta Jean Hirsh Phyllis Hoffman Marjorie Holland Linda Holly Toby Holzer Judy Horowitz Jacquelyn Garson Howard Melissa Hyatt Michal Ilai Nancy Isenberg Judie Jacobs Katherine Jacobs Cathy Jacobson Cheryl Jacoby
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Sheila Rotter Carol Rubin Evelyn Sacks Ralph Sacks Bruce Saltzman Teddi Sanford Barbara Schneider Dankmar Schroeder Claire M. Schwartz Joan Schwartz Ruth Schwartz Susanne Segall Janet Selig Jack Shenk Herbert Shessel Suzanne Shull Betty Ann Shusterman Lorraine Siegel Richard Siegel Eileen Silberstein Diana Silverman Gale Silverman Harriet Simmons David Slater Gloria Smiley Barbara Smith Bonnie Smith Marlene Smith Barbara Snow Moshe Sokol Kaethe Solomon Morris Soriano Iris Stein Jack Steinberg John Steinheimer Sarabel Stemer Margie Stern Berylann Strada Helen Suero Shirley Tauber-Nguyen Deborah Teitsman Shirley Tenenbaum Betsy Teplis Paul Teplis Eileen Thomas Jody Thompson Susan Throne Debra W. Timms Robin Torch Lillian Troop Margie Ulman Madeline Urken Joan Vitner Marsha Vrono Ben Walker Helene Wallenstein Jill Warbington Ruthanne Warnick Carolyn Wasser Marilyn Wasserman Joye Watson Kent Watson Lillian Weber Irma Weiner Milton Weinman Bruce Weinstein Nancy Weissmann Greg Weitz Nancy R. Wells Linda Wener Deanne Whitlock Carol Wien Claire Wilson Jett Wilson Jennifer Yaffe Linda Zatlin Carol Zepf
In honor of Cherie Aviv Laura Dinerman In honor of Dr. Liliane Kshensky Baxter Elaine and Miles Alexander Spring and Thomas Asher Cherie and Gary Aviv Virginia Baron Aaron Berger and Jarred Lightner Goldie and Lou Bertone Jane Bick Anne Birnbaum Lois Blonder Rita and Herschel Bloom Janice Blumberg Manuela Bornstein Lisa Boyarsky-Trotti Elinor Breman Beth and Gavin Brown Judy and Ronald Cohen Dr. Harvey Danits and Gail Cohn Laura and Marshall Dinerman Enid and Jerry Draluck Karen and Andrew Edlin Sharon and Howard Fagin Jana Eplan and Craig Frankel Norbert Friedman Sara Ghitis Cary Goldenthal and Lori Shapiro Rev. Caroline Kelly Sally and Jeff Levine Jarvin Levison Jane Moore Carol and Robert Nemo Amy and Joel Neuman Ann and Morris Podber Eva and Robert Ratonyi Ilse Reiner Shelley Rose Dulcy and Jerry Rosenberg David Sarnat and Joslin LeBauer Tosia and Alfred Schneider Joyce and Henry Schwob Joyce and Irving Shlesinger Frank Spiegel Nica and Lee Tallman Judith and Mark Taylor Linda Zatlin Harriet and Norman Zoller Jeannette and Michael Zukor In honor of Sylvia Becker Carol Breman Nemo and Elinor Breman In honor of Aaron Berger Joyce and Henry Schwob In honor of Lois Blonder Deborah Jacobs In honor of Penny Bowman Helena and Michael Cochran-Jones Joan Solomon and Sorrell Roth Judy and Jerry Wertheimer In honor of The Breman Museum Michelle and Shir Abramov
In honor of Elinor Breman Karen and Mark Musa Dulcy and Jerry Rosenberg Karen and Kenneth Rosenberg Michelle and Alan Rosenberg In honor of Shirley Brickman Carol Breman Nemo and Elinor Breman Lynne Rabinowitz In honor of Ronit Walker and Matt Bronfman Tali Eplan-Frankel In honor of Nancy Broudy Roz Taranto In honor of Robyn Roberts Cohen Carol Breman Nemo and Elinor Breman In honor of Judy Cohen Ellen and Raphael Levine In honor of Carol Cooper The Temple Thursday Afternoon Mah Jongg Group In honor of Laura Dinerman Carol Breman Nemo and Elinor Breman In honor of Sam Eckstein Cherie Aviv In honor of Anita Eidex Carol Breman Nemo and Elinor Breman In honor of Anita Eidex Ellen and Raphael Levine In honor of Gail Evans Jarvin Levison In honor of Larry Fine Marcy Fine In honor of Curt Friedberg Cherie Aviv In honor of Norbert Friedman David Friedman Jennifer and Jay Hochman In honor of Doris Goldstein Carol Breman Nemo and Elinor Breman In honor of Eve Goldstein Ellen and Raphael Levine In honor of Morris Habif Jarvin Levison In honor of Morris Habif Judith and Mark Taylor In honor of Nanci Halper Sheri and Steven Labovitz In honor of Alisa Hardy Adobe Network for Good In honor of Benjamin Hirsch Cherie Aviv In honor of Kevin, Rachel, Jacob Mitchell Abrams In honor of Marcus Armistead Johnson Rita and Herschel Bloom In honor of Ann Kaplan Lois Blonder
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In honor of Natalie and Philip Keenan Christine and William Harper Huff Road Properties LLC Beth and David Jacobson Cathy Jacobson Arlene and Mitchell Manning Hilly and Gerry Panovka Tamar and Mark Stern Maria and Sebastian Tontodonati Kathryn and Arthur Zwern In honor of Sidney Kirschner Jarvin Levison Sheila and Merrill Wynne In honor of Herb Kohn Shirley and Perry Brickman In honor of Jarvin Levison Community Foundation for Greater Atlanta Judy and Jerry Dubrof Esta Jean Hirsh Harriet and Jack Spanier In honor of Anita Lynn Gary Alembik and Stephen Graves In honor of Sonia and Murray Lynn Steve and Barbara Dye In honor of Murray Lynn David Palay In honor of Jennie Moret Ellen and Raphael Levine In honor of Carol and Bob Nemo Elinor Breman In honor of Marcia Pearl Roz Taranto In honor of Barbara Planer Carol Breman Nemo and Elinor Breman In honor of Pat Pugrant Carol Breman Nemo and Elinor Breman In honor of Jennifer Reid Henry Birnbrey In honor of Donald Reisman Barbara and Leonard Bock In honor of Lauren Rich Amy Robertson In honor of Jerry Rosenberg Elinor Breman In honor of Karen and Ken Rosenberg Elinor Breman In honor of Michelle and Alan Rosenberg Elinor Breman In honor of Michelle Rosenberg Elinor Breman In honor of Ghila Sanders Judy and Gary Stolovitz In honor of Joyce Schwob Roz Taranto In honor of Sam Shapiro Judy and Jerry Dubrof In honor of Arthur and Carla Silver
Cherie Aviv In honor of Carla Silver Carol Breman Nemo and Elinor Breman Darren Silver In honor of Cathy and Robert Sinsheimer Elinor Breman In honor of David Slater Judith Croner In honor of Henry Spil Roz Taranto In honor of Margie Stern Cherie Aviv In honor of Judith Taylor Cherie Aviv Lois Blonder The Temple Thursday Afternoon Mah Jongg Group In honor of Judith and Mark Taylor Carla Silver In honor of Dede Thompson Ellen and Raphael Levine In honor of Article from the Jewish Times Marco Betti In honor of Morton and Aviva Waitzman Sherri and Bill Bornstein In honor of Aviva Waitzman Carol Breman Nemo and Elinor Breman In honor of Helen Weingarten Cherie Aviv In honor of Arnold Winters Harriet Muranko In honor of Barbara Ziff Sheri and Steven Labovitz In honor of Norm and Harriet Zoller Ken and Peggy Zoller *** In memory of Arie Aviv Rachel and Curt Friedberg In memory of Stanley Cohen Anita and Max Eidex Eve and Joel Goldstein Roz Taranto In memory of Amy Derin The Rev. Nan and Mr. Stephen G. Kennedy In memory of Mel Dobrin Susan and Ray Schoenbaum In memory of Sam Eckstein Cherie Aviv Sandy Berman Lois Blonder Shirley and Perry Brickman Judy and Ronnie Cohen Gail Cohn and Harvey Danits Laura and Marshall Dinerman
Doris and Martin Goldstein Nancy and John Hirsch Jarvin Levison Ray Ann Kremer and George Shapiro Sarabel Stemer Judith and Mark Taylor Jeannette Zukor In memory of Michael Eilen Judy Cohen Andre and Marsha Kessler Myrna Snyder In memory of Joel and Luba Lucy Feiner Clifford Feiner In memory of Clara Feldman Shirley and Perry Brickman In memory of Elaine Filler The Trigg Family In memory of David Franco Dr. and Mrs. Martin Reish In memory of David Freund Jennifer Reid In memory of Eva Friedlander Eve and David Adler Cherie Aviv Rita Bloom Nancy and Spencer Brewer Judy and Ronald Cohen Steve Cohen Joan Frieh Carolyn Gold Doris and Martin Goldstein Dr. Sari Gruber Adrienne and Kelly Iny Adrienne and Kelly Iny Caroline Klopstock Liane Levetan Linda and Brad Lipman Nancy Owen Lori Shapiro Steve and Andy Steinman Harry Stillwell Laura Williams Jeannette Zukor In memory of Art Gittelman Jill and Alan Binkley Nancy Broudy Judy Cohen Bob and Donna Golden Margie Lunt Jan Fountain McRae Karen Pearl Jo Pontius Joan Schwartz Rona and Barry Seidel Mary and Gene Seliger Jenise and Henry Spil Betty Stein Roz Taranto Renee Vaughn Jeannette Zukor
In memory of Vida Daab Goldgar An and Dean Goldgar In memory of Rae Goodman Roz Taranto In memory of Alex Granot The Bronfman Family Henry Friedman In memory of Betty Lamensdorf Lois Blonder Shirley and Perry Brickman In memory of Bronia Merlin Fran and Mike Cohen Cheryl and Wayne Garfinkel Eve and Joel Goldstein Kim and Matt Luellen Dan and Sheila Riegel Susan and Jay Rosenheck In memory of Bobbie Gordon Miller Shirley and Perry Brickman In memory of Louis Pichulik Billy and Kristin Allin Kimberly Head Amos Jenna and Howard Aronowitz Debbie and Jay Auerbach Cherie Aviv Goldie and Lou Bertone Jane Bick Sheila and Allan Bleich Elaine and Jerry Blumenthal Nancy Brenneman Nancy Broudy Beverly Chell Judy Cohen Benedicte Cooper Roman Deville Laura and Marshall Dinerman Suzanne Dinur Margo and Shiel Edlin and Family Susan and Larry Ellison Lori Shapiro and Cary Goldenthal Doris and Martin Goldstein Eve and Joel Goldstein Cathi and Michael Graham Christina Gulas Charles Hacker Reid P. Hailey Abby Friedman and Harry Heiman Jane Hope, Victor Panchuk & Family Judie Jacobs Jessica Kalish Janet, Paul, and Sarah Kirschbaum Shanee Ellison and Neil Kodesh Brenda Leder Bobbie and Michael Leff Nita Levin Janis Traven and Mark Linsey Mason Tavern Family Melissa Moore Rachel and Paul Myslinski Alice and William Ogles Oakhurst Realty Partners
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Pogo Pictures Ellen Arnovitz and Michael Plasker Ann and Morris Podber Salon Red Linda and Jerry Richman Joan Schwartz J-T Scott Nathan Segall Eileen and Milton Silberstein Julia and Derek Stensby Sue Stoudemire Roz Taranto Pam Tinter The Van Dam Family Jeannette Zukor In memory of Sonia Weinberg Schwartz Judy and Jerry Dubrof Judith and Mark Taylor In memory of Seymour Silberstein Carla Silver In memory of John Silva Elinor Breman Helaine and Andy Lasky In memory of Blanch Snitzer Sam and Gary Alexander In memory of Bella Solnik Marty and Richard Alterman Judy and Gary Altman Richard Andre Cherie Aviv Lois Blonder Elaine and Jerry Blumenthal Manuela Bornstein Judy Cohen Carol and Larry Cooper Ann and Jay Davis Laura and Marshall Dinerman Laura and Myron Dwoskin Ellen and Howard Feinsand Jane and Alan Fishman Marilyn and Yitzchak Francus Ellen and Paul Goldstein Pearlann and Jerry Horowitz Miriam Kapelusz Barbara and Alan Kaplan Karen and Chuck Kaplan Sally and Phil Kaplan Andre and Marsha Kessler Susan Lakics Marilyn Landau Blake and Adam Leiber Ruth and Gary Levison Peggy and Maurice Levitt Renee and Alan Levow Sheri and Jim Libby Suzie and Jack Mackenzie Jennifer Malkin, Michele Glazer Hirsch, Scott Glazer, and Dr. and Mrs. Alan Malkin Sandy and Chuck Marcus Sheila and Mike Margolis
Glenda and David Minkin Marci and Isador Mitzner Hilary and Stuart Nelson Judy Paul Lisa and Hal Philipson Jo and Louis Pichulik Ellen Arnovitz and Michael Plasker Ann and Morris Podber Ducie and Ira Rachelson Michelle, Craig, and Gabe Rich Ian Robinson Ruth and Mark Rosenberg Louise and Edwin Rothberg Susan and Morray Scheinfeld Joyce and Jay Schwartz Yvonne Siegel Eileen and Milton Silberstein Carla Silver Nancy and Gerald Sonenshine Judy and Stanley Stein Leslie Lenny Stone Luci and Stan Sunshine Barbara and Frank Wilensky Pat and Jack Wilensky In memory of Eli Sotto Sandy Berman Erna and Larry Martino Evan, Ilysa, Mira, and Seth Michelson Robin and Douglas Shore Madeline and Ronald Urken In memory of Helen Spiegel Shirley and Perry Brickman Judy Cohen Marsha and Andre Kessler Roz Taranto In memory of Sylvia Spiegel Judy Cohen Roz Taranto In memory of Eleanor Vrono Ann and Morris Podber In memory of Naomi Walker Stacey Kalberman In memory of Dave Wolf Judy and Jerry Dubrof In memory of Jack Wolfe Roz Taranto In memory of Raymond Yarfitz Stuart Yarfitz In memory of Harold Yudelson Gail Severance In memory of Erwin Zaban Diane and Larry Oliver
Jewish history, culture and art through the lens of Atlanta's Jewish Museum