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Concert Season Magazine

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Hello Everyone, How many of you are here for the first time? If so, then

Guide to the Orchestra. Concert goers will also experience

welcome to the world of live symphonic music. You are

a movement of Beethoven’s 5th Symphony, and music

surrounded by a community who loves this orchestra and

from Stravinsky’s Firebird! If you are between the age of

enjoys the music that we play. To our seasoned concert

4-104, this is a concert for you.

goers, welcome back! This season we have a palette of music that will inspire, illuminate, and enrich your soul.

Speaking of being ecstatic ... on November 19, Bozeman will be one of the few places in the world to witness one

The core of what we do, is the Classical Series. This is

of the greatest compositions of the decade. Through

the series where composers like Beethoven, Mozart,

our experimental series, Current Commotion, we will

and Tchaikovsky are featured, along with music by living

be presenting Andy Akiho’s Grammy and Pulitzer Prize-

composers. For each classical concert, we welcome

nominated composition Seven Pillars, featuring Sandbox

talented guest artists from around the world to perform

Percussion. Ladies and Gentlemen, this is NOT an



experience you will want to miss. We are thrilled to be

concertmaster, Carrie Krause, playing Mozart’s Violin

showcasing this stellar work at The ELM on 7th Ave. I look

Concerto No. 5. The Bozeman Symphony believes in

forward to seeing you there.







the endless pursuit of discovering and facilitating the creation of new music. This season, we commissioned our Composer-in-Residence Scott Lee to compose a piece of music celebrating Yellowstone National Park’s 150th Anniversary. In addition, we are performing beloved Bozeman composer Eric Funk’s world premiere piece. Outside of the Classical Series, we continue with our wildly successful Bozeman Symphony Presents. The concerts under this series represent a wide range of musical genres. Holiday Spectacular enters its second year of building a new tradition, and by popular demand, we have added a third performance! Each year, we aim to make this concert more “spectacular” with gorgeous decorations, dazzling

We have curated this magazine to share information on a variety of topics. Within, you will find articles on our musicians and guest artists, program notes about the story behind the music, infographics, and biographies. The advertisements are a snapshot of local businesses who understand that a healthy symphony orchestra is vital to the pulse of a local economy. It takes a village to bring to life the music that you are hearing today. This performance is a culmination of years of planning and support from every name that you see within this program. To the staff, musicians, donors, board of directors, and you, our audience, thank you.

lighting, and of course, music that will uplift your spirit to

And now...sit back, relax (or focus), and let the power of

ring in the holiday season.

music feed your soul.

It has been close to three years since we presented our


annual family concert. These concerts hold a special place in my heart because I believe that it is these performances, where we capture the imagination of young ones with the life-changing magic of the orchestra - they are, after all, our future audience. We are ecstatic to be bringing this

Norman Huynh

concert back with Benjamin Britten’s The Young Person’s






Supporting the Bozeman Symphony is an investment in connecting our community through exceptional musical experiences. That’s why we’re proud to be a sponsor.

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Dear Friends, Thank you for joining us on a vibrant musical journey as we embark on the 55th concert season of the Bozeman Symphony Orchestra. We’ve accomplished a great deal over the decades thanks to the countless individuals who have contributed to our success. Looking to the future, a remarkable transformation is on the horizon as we aspire to grow the organization in terms of the number and type of performances we offer, and in our leadership as an organization among the community and beyond. It is the support demonstrated by our loyal musicians, Board of Directors, donors, patrons, community partners, staff, and volunteers, along with the change and evolution Bozeman is experiencing propelling us forward. There have been several major milestones over the past year. I want to acknowledge the incredible tenure of two musicians who recently retired, Alan Leech and Sharon Eversman, who combined contributed 105 years of graciously sharing their time and talents with Bozeman. Bravo to each of them! We introduced the expansion of our season by offering more performances than ever before,

The Bozeman Symphony has a special meaning for each of us. This season marks a special milestone for me personally, as I’m celebrating 20 years with the Bozeman Symphony. I am grateful for the connections I’ve made, for the opportunity to perform and experience the music with you, and for those musical moments that have the ability to transcend us.

but also more dates and times to enjoy the music. This

I want to pay tribute to each of you for the important role

success was marked by multiple sold-out performances,

you play in supporting the orchestra, choir, and being a

and across the nation, we are defying the odds with concert

vital part of all that we achieve together. The Bozeman

attendance at an all-time high. Way to go for Bozeman arts

Symphony is a treasure, a mainstay of our community, and

and culture!

a key part of the cultural fabric that makes our region such

We regularly enrich the lives and souls of our listeners through live performance, education, and community

a special place to live. With sincere gratitude,

partnerships. It is our aim to connect, educate, and uplift through exceptional musical experiences, to reach new audiences and establish the Gallatin Valley as Montana’s center of artistic excellence. We will lead a creative and

Emily Paris-Martin

vibrant future for all of Montana and beyond.





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A Letter from Norman Huynh, Music Director


A Letter from Emily Paris-Martin, Executive Director


Table of Contents


About the Symphony


The Symphony Wishes to Thank


2022/23 Classical Series Musical Timeline


Feature Story: “Debunking the Classical Concert Experience” with Norman


Board & Staff


Feature Story: “Celebrating Stephen Schachman, Board Chair”


Season Concert Sponsors


Classical Series 01: Beethoven’s 5th Symphony & Akiho





Guest Artist Bio: Andy Akiho, Steel Pan


Program Notes





Classical Series 02: Tchaikovksy’s Fifth Symphony and Bartók

Classical Series 03: Firebird & Mozart’s Violin Concerto No. 5 56

Guest Artist Bio: Carrie Krause, Violin


Feature Story: Composer-in-Residence Scott Lee


Program Notes

Classical Series 04: Poulenc’s Gloria & A Funk World Premiere 66

Guest Artist Bio: Janai Brugger, Soprano


Program Notes


Feature Story: Composer Eric Funk

Classical Series 05: Postcards from Spain: Pablo Sáinz-Villegas plays Rodrigo 74

Guest Artist Bio: Pablo Sáinz-Villegas


Program Notes

Classical Series 06: Mahler’s “Titan” Symphony No. 1 & Violinist Simone Porter 82

Guest Artist Bio: Simone Porter, Violin


Program Notes


Guest Artist Bio: Michael Sheppard, Piano


This is Your Symphony Orchestra


Program Notes


Orchestra Roster

BSO Presents: Current Commotion


Choir Roster



Feature Story: Why I give to the Bozeman Symphony


2022/23 Season Underwriters


2022/23 Season Donors

Guest Artist: Sandbox Percussion

BSO Presents: Holiday Spectacular 46



Guest Artist Bio: Tamar Greene, Tenor

BSO Presents: The Young Person’s Guide to the Orchestra – Free Family Concert


Support the Music You Love

Your Brain on Music


Volunteers 406-585-9774


Each concert season the Bozeman Symphony and Symphonic Choir presents a repertoire of symphonic and choral music performed for the benefit of individuals, students, and musicians in south-central Montana. Performances and events include a series of classical subscription concerts, performances aimed at engaging and attracting new audiences under the umbrella of “Bozeman Symphony Presents,” and Current



Commotion – an experimental music series that allows the Bozeman Symphony to be on the cutting edge of our industry. The Bozeman Symphony Orchestra and Symphonic Choir have established themselves as significant cultural icons in Montana, whose history is marked by artistic excellence. Our future is dependent upon maintaining a skilled and motivated orchestra whose members bring symphonic music to life.

The Bozeman Symphony

Wishes to Thank Bozeman Symphony extends its gratitude to David Ross & Risi for generously sponsoring the orchestra during the 2022/23 season. Thank you for supporting the exceptional musicians who make each Bozeman Symphony concert possible!

The Bozeman Symphony is grateful for the support of a record-breaking nearly 1,000 season subscribers. Season subscribers provide stability to our concert season, and we rely on their attendance throughout the year. Season subscribers save more than 10% on single ticket prices, receive waived handling fees for the rest of the season,* and have the first chance to purchase tickets to special events.

The Bozeman Symphony is extremely grateful to our advertisers, sponsors, underwriters, and patrons whose support makes this concert season possible.

We would not be able to present high quality musical performances to our community without the continued help of our dedicated volunteers. It truly takes a “volunteer village,” and the Symphony is tremendously grateful to everyone who has volunteered and continues to volunteer.

The Bozeman Symphony would like to recognize businesses and individuals who provide goods and services to the Symphony. The Symphony would not be able to flourish without their continued generosity.

We would like to thank the following community businesses who invest in the Bozeman Symphony as members of our new Growth Council: Audio Artisans Brickhouse Creative ERA Landmark Real Estate Opportunity Bank Printing For Less *Waived handling fees are only available for purchases made through the Symphony Office.




Classical Series Timeline LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN

Classical Series 01

1808 Violin Symphony No. 5 in C Minor


Classical Series 02

1888 Symphony No. 5 in E Minor


Classical Series 03

1775 Violin Concerto No. 5 in A Major


Classical Series 04

1791 Ave verum corpus


Classical Series 05

1893 The Magic Opal


Classical Series 06

1888 Symphony No. 1



This infographic displays years on a timeline that each piece of music was composed. You will discover the breadth of repertoire that we cover throughout our season as well as each individual concert. Use this as a tool to listen for how western orchestral music has evolved throughout history.






Concerto for Steel Pans and Orchestra (Montana Premiere)


1945 Piano Concerto No. 3 in E Major




1945 Firebird Suite (1945)







Images for Orchestra


Concierto de Aranjuez

World Premiere Celebrating Yellowstone’s 150th








Symphony No. 6 “Apocalypse Phoenix Rising”

These Worlds in Us (Montana Premiere)


1939 Concerto for Violin and Orchestra



F E AT U R E S TO R Y b y E l i z a b e t h S c h w a r t z

Debunking the Classical Concert Experience with


If you ask the average person what they think about

Pops concerts are also a good entry point, as they present

classical music, chances are they will tell you it’s stuffy or

familiar music in symphonic settings. “My mom loves John

pompous or “not their thing.” There are many stereotypes

Williams’ music,” says Huynh.

and negative assumptions associated with classical music: you have to know a lot about music to enjoy it; it’s boring; classical music is “better” or “more important” than popular music; only old people listen to it; you have to dress up to attend concerts; all conductors are monstrously egotistical and rule their orchestras with an iron rod; and even that it’s “dead white man” music, because so much programming for classical concerts features works by, well, dead white men.

more about the music. “Our program books have a timeline graph, which puts the music in a historical context,” Huynh explains. “We also provide a glossary of common musical terms. No one should feel lost.” At intermission and before concerts, the Bozeman Symphony presents slideshows featuring mini-trivia quizzes with questions like “How many symphonies did Beethoven write?” “These

In fact, classical music is none of these things, and Music

kinds of small changes can make a huge difference in the

Director Norman Huynh is part of a younger generation of

audience’s experience,” says Huynh. “If people have a bit of

conductors who are working hard to change these out-

foreknowledge, it makes their listening experience better.”

of-date perceptions. “Nine out of ten concertgoers who go to a performance for the first time don’t come back because we don’t make it welcoming for them, or they feel intimidated,” Huynh explains. “I think it’s important to make this experience as accessible and fun as possible, and I want to make the concert experience in Bozeman entertaining and exciting.”

Huynh always talks to the audience before a concert, a practice that is becoming more common in orchestras around the country. “I think taking time before the concert starts, giving insight into what the experience is going to be, is really important. If there’s a living composer present, I invite them to comment on their work and talk about what to listen for. I welcome people, express gratitude,

Huynh is unusual among conductors in that he did not

guide them to the program notes, and give them a sense

grow up immersed in classical music, nor did he play a

of what’s going to happen.” When he programs a concert,

violin or piano as a child. His first musical experiences were

Huynh tries to include at least one work that is familiar to

in his high school and college marching bands, where he

most people, and juxtaposes it with newer or less well-

played euphonium, which looks like a small tuba and plays

known works.

in a tenor range. “I was a band geek,” Huynh acknowledges. “I came to classical music as entertainment, and I also understand the mindset of people who aren’t familiar with this music, like my parents or my fiancé and her friends. When they come to the concert hall, I want to hear what they have to say.”

Huynh also supports people who clap during the concert, even before a piece is over. “It’s unique in Bozeman,” he says. “If I hear people applauding, I usually turn around and give a thumbs up. That immediately puts people at ease and allays anxiety or shyness or feeling embarrassed. When I’m curating the concert experience, one thing that’s

Huynh has plenty of ideas for engaging classical neophytes,

always front of mind is the new concertgoer, or someone

like programming music that isn’t “purely” classical: movie

who’s never heard an orchestra concert before.”

scores, or crossover concerts that bring together pop musicians singing their music in orchestral arrangements.


Concert program books provide opportunities to learn


Classical Concert FAQs and Basic Etiquette patrons and even the musicians if you are sitting close Many people new to classical music are unsure or even

enough. Live music should be experienced in real time, and

intimidated about when to clap while listening to a

deserves your full attention. You can text about it or take

multi-movement work, like a Beethoven symphony. The

pictures afterwards.

unwritten “rules” about clapping have changed over time. In Beethoven’s era (late 18th century to early 19th century), audiences often clapped in between movements if they particularly liked what they heard. For example, when Beethoven premiered his Symphony No. 7 in 1813, the audience demanded an immediate encore of the second movement. From the mid-19th century through the 20th, the convention of remaining silent until the end of the entire work became the norm. Today, more conductors and ensembles are encouraging people to clap when they feel moved to do so, although some audience members may prefer to remain silent until the end. However, sometimes the pause between movements is an important component of the music and should not be interrupted; in those instances, the conductor will often keep their arms raised before continuing. You can’t go wrong with this basic rule of thumb: clap when the conductor lowers their arms.

Gum: Don’t chew gum during a concert; the sound can disturb people around you. Cough drops: If you need to unwrap a cough drop, do it before the music begins, or during a particularly loud moment to cover the sound. If you must unwrap it while the music is playing, do it as quickly as possible, rather than drawing out the sound of the wrapper crinkling (which can be surprisingly loud). Sneezing: Try to muffle any sneezes as best you can. If you have allergies, take meds before the concert to keep the sneezes to a minimum. Obviously, stay home if you are actually sick. Coughing: See sneezing. Talking: Once the music starts, don’t, even in a whisper. It’s very distracting. Talk before or afterwards. If you are bringing kids with you, explain the importance of remaining

Clothes. Wear clothes. If you check out any given

quiet and sitting still before you arrive.

audience’s sartorial splendor, you will probably see everything from jeans and cowboy boots to traditional

Introducing kids to classical music can be a wonderful

evening attire. Many people enjoy dressing up for

experience for you and them. Use your common sense and

concerts, but others prefer a more casual look. If the

good judgment when deciding which concerts to attend

concert is outdoors, take weather and temperature into

with kids. Some concerts are especially designed for

account, and as a matter of courtesy, don’t wear a large

families with young children; they tend to be shorter and

hat that will obstruct the view of people sitting behind you.

less formal. Since most young children have brief attention

In general, when it comes to clothes, wear what you like.

spans and may experience difficulty sitting still for long periods, these family-friendly concerts are a good choice.

Arrive early so you can find your seat, read the program, use the bathroom if necessary, and answer any lastminute texts or messages before the concert begins. Turn off your cell phone. Even if you are just texting

Many older children and pre-teens are developmentally ready to experience a standard classical concert (e.g., they can sit quietly and focus on the music). All kids are different, and you know yours best; if you think they are ready, they probably are.

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Stephen Schachman Chair Ben Phinney Vice Chair Gary Kachadurian Treasurer Tamara Havenhill-Jacobs Secretary Diane Dwyer Choir Representative Stephen Versaevel Orchestra Representative Thomas Bray Jecyn Bremer Donald Gimbel Gary Kunis Kenneth May Charles Rinker

Emily Paris-Martin Executive Director Jennah Applebaum Concert Manager Jacob Blaser General Manager Abby Bradford Marketing & Communications Manager Mary Landeen Librarian Cherí Ladd LeCain Development Associate Daniel Omer Orchestra Personnel Manager Michael Wainwright Director of Development Cierra Wallace Box Office Manager Amy Wright Bookkeeper

Robert Ritchie Lee Selby Heather White

Robyn L. Erlenbush Mike Delaney & Ileana Indreland Sal & Carol Lalani Kippy Sands

Norman Huynh Music Director Ryan Tani Interim Symphonic Choir Conductor

Cliff & Laura Schutter Renée Westlake William A. Wilson Walter Wunsch



F E AT U R E S TO R Y b y D a v i d T h o m p s o n


Stephen Schachman

Board Chair

Stephen Schachman grew up in Philadelphia, but that was just the start of what became a very diverse life path. “I was a Marine Corps officer, later I was given the opportunity to run a natural gas distribution company at a relatively young age, and I have worked with the federal government and did some lobbying for the subsidiary of an international law firm. You could say, I’ve had quite a varied career.” Schachman






communication and collaboration to the Bozeman Symphony and Symphonic Choir in 2018, when he began serving as Chairman of the Board. “As Board Chair for the Symphony, my job is not to set policy — it’s to ensure that we can come to conclusions and get everybody involved and working toward our decisions.” Arriving in Bozeman in 2011 with a longtime love and appreciation for symphonic music, Stephen didn’t know what to expect when he first volunteered with

2022 marks Schachman’s last year as Board Chair. He will forever look back on his time with the Bozeman Symphony as an incredibly gratifying experience, but for him, it all comes back to the music.

the Bozeman Symphony leadership. What he found was

“To watch these musicians who devote so much time and

an organization more dedicated to excellence than he

energy to what they do, and to experience the fantastic

could have imagined, let alone one in a relatively small

music they produce, it’s truly wonderful,” points out

community in Montana.

Schachman. “And the love our community has for this

“I’ve served on a number of nonprofit boards, and I think

Symphony — I could walk out on stage before they played

this is probably one of the best boards of directors I’ve

a note and say ‘Why don’t we give these musicians a

ever been involved with,” says Schachman. “There are a

standing ovation?’ and the audience would do exactly

lot of type A personalities, but they seem to have the

that, because they love them so much.”

ability not to have to put their personal stamp on things.

For Stephen Schachman, to be able to help cultivate such

If our staff brings something to the board that’s well thought-out and well-presented, the board will say, ‘yes, let’s do it.’” Schachman also points out that the board is more than

a positive force for his community, through leadership and collaboration, is clearly something he’ll always look back on with a deep fondness.

just manager types, they are people who get involved.

“It’s incredibly gratifying to watch the growth of all of

“When we need somebody on the board to do something,

this and be part of the positive change. The healing and

there’s always someone who steps up and says ‘well, I’ll

the bringing people together through symphonic music,

do that.’ They’re giving of their money, their time, and

is, to me extraordinary.”

their wisdom.” 406-585-9774


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The Bozeman Symphony Orchestra and Symphonic Choir performances are made possible by the following businesses, foundations, and individuals who have generously provided support toward concert sponsorship. Please join us in showing your appreciation for the following concert sponsors.

Stephen Schachman & Ritva Porter David Ross & Risi Opportunity Bank of Montana Robyn L. Erlenbush, ERA Landmark Real Estate Kimberlie & Bruce Jodar Gary Kunis & Connie Wong Robert & Donna Ritchie Michael & Sharon Beehler Donald B. Gimbel Kate Hansen Gary & Margaret Kachadurian Skye Raiser & David Perlin David & Kippy Sands The Utzinger Family, in memory of Robert Utzinger Yellowstone Theological Institute Douglas C. & Jeanie Badenoch Joanne & Billy Berghold Mike Delaney & Ileana Indreland Sharon Eversman First Security Bank Sal & Carol G. Lalani Ken & Mary May Rob & Lynn Maher Iris M.L. Model Ben & Barbara Phinney Richard & Denise Sheehy, Sheehy Family Foundation Drs. Dennis & Anne Wentz Renée & Stuart Westlake 406-585-9774


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Classical Series 01

SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 2022 @ 7:30PM | SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 25, 2022 @ 2:30PM


Sponsored by





Jean Sibelius

Andy Akiho


INTERMISSION Ludwig van Beethoven

SYMPHONY NO. 5 IN C MINOR, OP. 67 I. Allegro con brio II. Andante con moto III. Scherzo: Allegro IV. Allegro – Presto



Classical Series 01 GUEST ARTIST BIO

Andy Akiho is a “trailblazing” (Los Angeles Times)

An active steel pannist, Akiho has performed his works with




the LA Philharmonic’s Green Umbrella Series, the Berlin



Philharmonic’s Scharoun Ensemble, the International

surpassing preconceived boundaries of classical music.

Drum Festival in Taiwan, and more. Akiho’s recordings No

Known as “an increasingly in-demand composer” (The

One To Know One and The War Below features brilliantly

New York Times), Akiho has earned international acclaim

crafted compositions inspired by his primary instrument,

for his large-scale works that emphasize the natural

the steel pan.







theatricality of live performance. The physicality of playing that Akiho experiences as a steel The 2021-2022 season features the NYC premiere of Akiho’s

pannist is an embedded aspect of his musical practice

double GRAMMY nominated work Seven Pillars for Sandbox

and naturally extends itself into his compositional output.

Percussion and the world-premiere of a new commission

Music making is inextricably linked to shared human

for Imani Winds. Equally at home writing chamber music

experience for Akiho from inception to performance.

and symphonies, Akiho is the Oregon Symphony Orchestra’s

Akiho’s compositional trajectory has been an untraditional

2022-2023 composer-in-residence.

one, he spent most of his 20s playing steel pan by ear in Trinidad and began composing at 28, and these social

Recent engagements include commissioned premieres

roots laid the foundation for his current practice.

by the New York Philharmonic, National Symphony Orchestra, Shanghai Symphony, China Philharmonic,

Akiho was born in 1979 in Columbia, SC, and is currently

Guangzhou Symphony, Oregon Symphony Orchestra,

based in Portland, OR and New York City.

American Composers Orchestra Music@Menlo, LA Dance Project and The Industry. Akiho has been recognized with many prestigious awards and organizations including the Rome Prize, Lili Boulanger Memorial Prize, Harvard University Fromm Commission, Barlow Endowment, New Music USA, and Chamber Music America. His compositions have been featured by organizations such as Bang on a Can, American Composers Forum, The Intimacy of Creativity in Hong Kong, and the Heidelberg Festival.



Classical Series 01 PROGRAM NOTES

Finlandia: triumphant hymn/chorale celebrating Finland’s independence Concerto for Steel Pans and Orchestra: contrasting timbres (colors) between soloist and orchestra Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony: the opening rhythm of the first four notes (da-da-da-DA) in each movement

Sibelius: Violin Concerto; Symphony No. 5 Akiho: Percussion Concerto; In/Exchange for Steel Pan and String Quartet Beethoven: Seventh Symphony; Piano Concerto No. 3

FINLANDIA, Op. 26 Composer: born December 8, 1865, Hämeenlinna, Finland; died September 20, 1957, Järvenpää, Finland Work composed: 1899, rev. 1900 World premiere: Finland Awakes was first performed on December 14, 1899, in Helsinki, with Sibelius conducting. A year later, Sibelius revised the tone poem and changed its name to Finlandia. The revised version was premiered by Robert Kajanus at the Philharmonic Society in Helsinki on July 2, 1900. Instrumentation: 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, 4 horns, 3 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, timpani, bass drum, cymbals, triangle, and strings. Estimated duration: 8 minutes By November 1899, the citizens of Finland had endured almost a century of heavy-handed rule by Russia, which included severe censorship of the press. That month, a group of artists in Finland’s capital, Helsinki, organized a series of “Press Celebrations,” which were actually political demonstrations on behalf of the growing movement for Finnish independence. Jean Sibelius wrote and conducted Finland Awakes for one of these gatherings. The following year, Sibelius reworked the score and changed its title to Finlandia for the Helsinki Philharmonic to perform on its first major tour of Europe. Audiences everywhere responded to Finlandia, and it quickly established Sibelius as a composer of significance.

The oppressive Russian presence growls through the low brasses and timpani as Finlandia begins. Sibelius follows this with a gentle statement in the winds, which grows into a defiant, heroic anthem heralded by brasses, horns and strings. Interestingly, the most memorable theme of Finlandia does not make its appearance until more than halfway through the work. This hymn-like melody, inspired by folk tunes but invented by Sibelius, sounds quietly in the winds, and eventually becomes an impassioned cry of freedom as Finlandia comes to its triumphal conclusion.

CONCERTO FOR STEEL PANS AND ORCHESTRA Composer: born February 7, 1979, Columbia, SC Work composed: 2010 World premiere: Adrian Slywotzky led soloist Andy Akiho and the Yale Philharmonia at Woolsey Hall at Yale University on January 21, 2011 Instrumentation: solo tenor steel pan, double 2nds pans, piccolo, flute, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, bass clarinet, bassoon, contrabassoon, 2 horns, 2 trumpets, trombone, tuba, timpani, bass drum, glockenspiel, F-sharp chime, marimba, snare drum, kick drum, brake drum, puilis sticks, tam tam, vibraphone, piano, harp, and strings Estimated duration: 11 minutes Critics often use the word “eclectic” to describe composer Andy Akiho, and for good reason. Akiho’s music embodies 406-585-9774


Classical Series 01 PROGRAM NOTES

the diverse sound world of his percussion experiences: high school marching bands, elite-level drum corps, west African marimba ensembles, Trinidadian steel pan music, and the contemporary classical music scene of New York City. The Concerto for Steel Pans and Orchestra is a dynamic composition, originally written for and performed by Akiho and the Yale Philharmonia. The round metallic shimmer of the steel pans weaves in and out of the orchestra’s fuller textures, creating an unusual sonic palette. Akiho’s use of the lower range instruments – bass clarinet, contrabassoon, trombone, and tuba in particular – provides a strong anchor to the rippling treble range of the pans. The music is, by turns, almost violently energetic, authoritative, reflective, and dreamy. Akiho writes, “The steel pan was the catalyst that led me to become a composer. I was first introduced to the instrument at the University of South Carolina in 1997, where I studied percussion performance under Jim Hall. After I finished my studies in 2001, I made four extensive visits to Trinidad to immerse myself in the culture of the music. I returned several times in subsequent years to study and perform with two pioneers of the instrument, Len ‘Boogsie’ Sharpe and Ray Holman. Encouraged by my experiences in Trinidad, I moved to the Caribbean community in Brooklyn, NY, in 2003. While in New York City, I had the opportunity to perform and learn from some of the most inspirational pan innovators including Scipio Sargeant, Eddie Quarless, Clive Bradley, and Freddy Harris III. Their positive influences ultimately led me to the Manhattan School of Music in 2007, where I began to compose new art music that often integrated the steel pan in combination with traditional classical instruments. “My goal with this piece, and with my other pieces involving the steel pan in combination with traditional classical instruments, is to create sonorous textures that explore the frontiers of the instrument. I often find that compositions incorporating the steel pan outside of the pure Calypso and Soca genres use the instrument as a novelty gimmick without realizing the instrument’s full potential. I believe that the steel pan is an extremely versatile instrument capable of producing both an extraordinarily unique timbre and contributing to a homogenous orchestral texture.”



SYMPHONY NO. 5 IN C MINOR, OP. 67 Composer: born December 16, 1770, Bonn; died March 26, 1827, Vienna Work composed: 1804-08, commissioned by Count Franz von Oppersdorff for 500 florins. Beethoven eventually dedicated the Fifth to Prince Franz Joseph Lobkowitz and Count Andreas Kyrillovitsch Razumovsky. World premiere: Beethoven conducted the premiere on December 22, 1808, in a subscription concert that also included his Sixth Symphony and the Piano Concerto No. 4, in the Theater-an-der-Wien. Instrumentation: piccolo, 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, contrabassoon, 2 horns, 2 trumpets, 3 trombones, timpani and strings. Estimated duration: 36 minutes “This symphony invariably wields its power over men of every age like those great phenomena of nature … [it] … will be heard in future centuries, as long as music and the world exist.” – Robert Schumann on Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony is arguably one of the most iconic pieces of classical music ever composed, as well as one of the most iconoclastic. It has also come to represent the very essence of classical music itself. Music lovers know it backwards and forwards, and even those who have never attended an orchestra concert nonetheless recognize the opening notes of Beethoven’s Fifth, as it is informally known, immediately. Since the Fifth’s premiere on a cold December night in Vienna, it has become a lens through which we have viewed music, society, and culture. Early audiences heard in its notes an exhortation of victory and triumph, whether literal or of a more internal, personal kind. As the 19th century progressed, Beethoven’s music, particularly the symphonies, became the standard against which every subsequent composer’s music was measured. During WWII, the Allies used the famous four-note opening as a signal in radio broadcasts of victory over the Axis powers. The Fifth Symphony also became an unforgettable part of

Classical Series 01 PROGRAM NOTES

the 1970s with Walter Murphy and the Big Apple Band’s disco version, A Fifth of Beethoven. Beethoven supposedly likened the four opening notes to the hand of Fate knocking at the door. In all likelihood, however, this description was fabricated by Anton Schindler, one of Beethoven’s early biographers, known both for his poor memory and his penchant for invention. Whether a representation of Fate or not, these four notes are the rhythmic seed from which the rest of the symphony develops. The short da-da-da-DA fragment recurs in each movement, as a unifying device. Beethoven, who left few clues as to his compositional process for the Fifth Symphony, did mention the creation of a theme that “begins in my head the working-out in breadth, height, and depth. Since I am aware of what I want, the fundamental idea never leaves me. It mounts, it grows. I see before my mind the picture in its whole extent, as if in a single grasp.” Beethoven conducted the Fifth’s premiere on December 22, 1808, as part of a massive subscription concert that also included the Sixth Symphony and the Piano Concerto No. 4. Count Franz von Oppersdorff commissioned the Fifth, as he had the Fourth Symphony, and paid Beethoven a substantial sum for each work. Despite Oppersdorff’s generous benefaction, Beethoven eventually dedicated

the Fifth Symphony to Prince Franz Joseph Lobkowitz and Count Andreas Kyrillovitsch Razumovsky, patrons with whom he had a longer, more substantial relationship. At the premiere, in addition to the two symphonies and the piano concerto, Beethoven also presented his Choral Fantasy, plus the concert aria “Ah, perfido,” and the “Gloria” and “Sanctus” sections from the Mass in C major. The resulting four-hour concert challenged the endurance of even the most ardent Beethoven fans. To make matters worse, the orchestra was badly under-rehearsed and the hall spottily heated. Composer Johann Friedrich Reichardt, who attended the premiere, later wrote, “There we sat from 6:30 till 10:30, in the most bitter cold, and found by experience that one might have too much even of a good thing.” The Fifth Symphony generated little comment at its premiere, but 18 months later, composer and critic E. T. A. Hoffmann wrote a lengthy review, in which he called it “one of the most important works of the master whose stature as a first-rate instrumental composer probably no one will now dispute … the instrumental music of Beethoven open[s] the realm of the colossal and the immeasurable for us.” © Elizabeth Schwartz



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Classical Series 02

SATURDAY, OCTOBER 29, 2022 @ 7:30PM | SUNDAY, OCTOBER 30, 2022 @ 2:30PM


Sponsored by





Béla Bartók

PIANO CONCERTO NO. 3 IN E MAJOR, SZ. 119, BB 127 I. Allegretto II. Adagio religioso III. Allegro vivace

INTERMISSION Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky

SYMPHONY NO. 5 IN E MINOR, OP. 64 I. Andante – Allegro con anima – Molto più tranquillo II. Andante cantabile, con alcuna licenza III. Valse. Allegro moderato IV. Finale: Andante maestoso – Allegro vivace – Meno mosso



Classical Series 02 GUEST ARTIST BIO

Known as “a virtuosic soloist possessed of power,

performances of Jason Robert Brown’s Broadway show

sensitivity, earthiness, and humor” (Whitney Smith,

“The Last Five Years”.

Indianapolis Star) with the “power to make an audience sit up and pay attention...thought-provoking for performers

Michael Sheppard is a native of Philadelphia and resides

and listeners alike” (James Manheim, All Music Guide),

in Baltimore, where he works at both the Peabody

Michael Sheppard trained with the legendary Leon

Conservatory and the Baltimore School for the Arts,

Fleisher at the Peabody Conservatory. He was selected by

sharing his love and understanding of music and the

the American Pianists Association as a Classical Fellow,

artistic process with future generations.

which designation led to the recording of his Harmonia Mundi CD of 2007. In 2015, another recording will be released by Azica, a Cleveland-based label distributed worldwide by Naxos Records. He has performed solo recitals and concertos around the world, as well as across the USA, including several solo Weill (Carnegie) Hall recitals and a solo Kennedy Center debut. He gives master classes, teaches regularly and plays with some of the top singers and instrumentalists around; he also coaches singers, instrumentalists, and conductors. Michael Sheppard today stands at a crossroads, spending large amounts of time writing as well as performing and teaching. He has worked closely with fellow composers John





Hersch, Robert Sirota and with the late Nicholas Maw, demonstrating a deep love of new music; his eclectic tastes also led him recently to musical-direct




Classical Series 02 PROGRAM NOTES

Bartók: unusual rhythms, sharp accents, range of timbres (colors), dialog between soloist and orchestra Tchaikovsky: opening clarinet theme which returns in some form in each movement

Bartók: Concerto for Orchestra; Piano Concerto No. 2 Tchaikovsky: Symphony No. 4; Symphony No. 6

PIANO CONCERTO NO. 3 IN E MAJOR, SZ. 119 Composer: born March 25, 1881, Nagyszentmiklós, Hungary (now Sînnicolau Mare, Romania); died September 26, 1945, New York City Work composed: Summer 1945. Bartók continued working on this concerto until four days before his death. He was able to finish all but the last 17 bars, for which he had left rough sketches. The final measures were completed by Bartók’s friend and piano student Tibor Serly. World premiere: Eugene Ormandy led the Philadelphia Orchestra with György Sándor at the piano on February 8, 1946, in Philadelphia. Instrumentation: solo piano, 2 flutes (one doubling piccolo), 2 oboes (one doubling English horn), 2 clarinets (one doubling bass clarinet), 2 bassoons, 4 horns, 2 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, timpani, bass drum, cymbals, snare drum, tam tam, triangle, xylophone, and strings. Estimated duration: 23 minutes The last five years of Béla Bartók’s life were especially difficult. In December 1939, Bartók’s mother died; ten months later, Bartók and his wife Ditta fled Nazi-occupied Hungary for America. Grief-stricken over his mother’s death and overwhelmed by the cultural and logistical obstacles confronting a newly-arrived immigrant, Bartók fell into a deep depression. Life in America also posed significant financial challenges; Bartók’s music generated little interest among American concert producers and

audiences, and neither he nor Ditta, both accomplished pianists, found much work performing others’ music. The ultimate blow came in 1942, when Bartók was diagnosed with leukemia. When word of Bartók’s illness became public, friends and colleagues began commissioning new music from the ailing composer. Among these was the Concerto for Orchestra for Serge Koussevitzky, arguably Bartók’s most famous composition. The prospect of work cheered Bartók immensely and his health likewise improved. In the summer of 1945 he was in remission and spent time in Asheville, North Carolina, writing a piano concerto for Ditta, which he intended as a surprise for her birthday in October. In August, however, Bartók’s health took a turn for the worse. He returned to New York where he continued writing the piano concerto, which he completed – save for the final 17 measures – four days before his death. The sound of this concerto may surprise listeners accustomed to associating Bartók with thorny dissonances and harsh rhythms. The Allegretto’s primary theme, introduced by the piano, has a lilting, almost whimsical quality atypical for Bartók, as if the piano were musing half-formed thoughts aloud. The central Adagio religioso features a series of bird calls (Bartók transcribed the birdsong he heard in Asheville) sprinkled throughout what Bartók described as “night” or “nature music.” The title of this movement – Bartók considered himself an atheist for much of his adult life – also implies a profound shift in the composer’s thoughts on faith. In the concluding Allegro vivace, Bartók unleashes virtuosity and raw energy in both piano and orchestra.



Classical Series 02 PROGRAM NOTES

SYMPHONY NO. 5 IN E MINOR, OP. 64 Composer: born May 7, 1840, Kamsko-Votinsk, Viatka province, Russia; died November 6, 1893, St. Petersburg Work composed: between May and August 26, 1888 World premiere: Tchaikovsky conducted the premiere on November 17, 1888, in St. Petersburg. Instrumentation: 3 flutes (1 doubling piccolo), 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, 4 horns, 2 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, timpani, and strings. Estimated duration: 47 minutes “I desperately want to prove, not only to others, but also to myself, that I am not yet played out as a composer,” wrote Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky to his patron Nadezhda von Meck in the spring of 1888. With the benefit of hindsight, the idea that Tchaikovsky could think himself “played out” is puzzling; after he completed the Fifth Symphony he went on to write Sleeping Beauty, The Nutcracker, and the “Pathétique” Symphony. All artists go through periods of self-doubt, however; and Tchaikovsky was plagued by creative insecurity more than most. If you ask a Tchaikovsky fan to name their favorite symphony, they’ll most likely choose either the Fourth, with its dramatic “Fate” motif blaring in the brasses, or the Sixth (“Pathétique”). Sandwiched in between is the Fifth Symphony, often overlooked or undervalued when compared to its more popular neighbors. But the Fifth is a monument in its own right, showcasing Tchaikovsky’s undisputed mastery of melody; indeed, the Fifth rolls out one unforgettable tune after another. Over time, the Fifth Symphony has earned its place in the canon of orchestral repertoire itself, but Tchaikovsky, along with several 19th century music critics, wavered in his opinion of its worth. At the end of the summer in 1888, Tchaikovsky wrote to von Meck, “It seems to me that I have not blundered, that it has turned out well,” and to his nephew Vladimir Davidov after a concert in Hamburg, “The Fifth Symphony was magnificently played and I like it far better now, after having held a bad opinion of it for some time.” After a performance in Prague, however, Tchaikovsky wrote to von



Meck, “I have come to the conclusion that it is a failure. There is something repellent in it, some over-exaggerated color, some insincerity of fabrication which the public instinctively recognizes.” Critics dismissed the new symphony as beneath Tchaikovsky’s abilities, and one American critic damned the composer with faint praise when he opined, “[Tchaikovsky] has been criticized for the occasionally excessive harshness of his harmony, for now and then descending to the trivial and tawdry in his ornamental figuration, and also for a tendency to develop comparatively insignificant material to inordinate length. But, in spite of the prevailing wild savagery of his music, its originality and the genuineness of its fire and sentiment are not to be denied.” The Fifth Symphony features a theme that recurs in all four movements. We hear it first in the lowest chalumeau register of the clarinet, which conveys an air of foreboding. The late critic and scholar Michael Steinberg described the theme’s effects in all the movements: “It will recur as a catastrophic interruption of the second movement’s love song, as an enervated ghost that approaches the languid dancers of the waltz, and … in majestic and blazing E major triumph.” Tchaikovsky’s gift for melody reached beyond the classical music world in 1939, when the poignantly wistful horn solo in the Andante cantabile morphed into the popular song Moon Love, which became a hit for big band leader and trombonist Glenn Miller. © Elizabeth Schwartz

The Evolution of Sound #1 and #2 | Oil on linen, each 20 x 40 inches

Clyde Aspevig b. 1951, Havre, Montana Two paintings inspired by historical prototypes in the collection of The Museum Of Musical Instruments, Berlin, Germany.


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Studio open by appointment. View other paintings online at www.ClydeAspevig.com

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BSO Presents

SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 2022 @ 7:30PM


Sponsored by




CONCERT PROGRAM Sandbox Percussion

Andy Akiho

SEVEN PILLARS Pillar I Amethyst Pillar II Pillar III Spiel Pillar IV Pillar V Pillar VI carTogRAPh Pillar VII




Described as “exhilarating” by The New York Times, and

Lithuania and many cities across the United States,

“utterly mesmerizing” by The Guardian, GRAMMY®-

perform at the Percussive Arts Society International

nominated ensemble Sandbox Percussion has established

Convention, and premiere new works by David Crowell,

themselves as a leading proponent of this generation

Molly Joyce, Loren Loiacono, Jessica Meyer, Tawnie

of contemporary percussion chamber music. Brought

Olson, and Tyshawn Sorey.

together by their love of chamber music and the simple joy of playing together, Sandbox Percussion captivates

In addition to maintaining a busy concert schedule,

audiences with performances that are both visually and

Sandbox was appointed ensemble-in-residence and

aurally stunning. Through compelling collaborations

percussion faculty at the University of Missouri-Kansas

with composers and performers, Jonathan Allen, Victor

City in 2021, where they have created a curriculum

Caccese, Ian Rosenbaum, and Terry Sweeney seek to

with entrepreneurship and chamber music at its core.

engage a wider audience for classical music.

Sandbox has led masterclasses and coachings all around the United States, at institutions such as the Peabody



Conservatory, Curtis Institute, the Juilliard School, the

was nominated for two GRAMMY® awards – Best


University of Southern California, and Cornell University.

Chamber Music/Small Ensemble Performance and Best

In 2016, Sandbox Percussion founded the annual NYU

Contemporary Classical Composition. This evening-

Sandbox Percussion Seminar – a week-long seminar that

length work by Andy Akiho with stage direction and

invites percussion students from across the globe to



rehearse and perform some of today’s leading percussion

Sandbox’s largest commission to date. In addition to the

chamber music repertoire at the iconic Brooklyn venue

album, Sandbox commissioned 11 films that accompany

National Sawdust.









each movement of the work. In 2020, Sandbox Percussion released their debut album In addition to the world premiere of Seven Pillars at

And That One Too on Coviello Classics. The album

Emerald City Music in Seattle, the 2021/2022 season

features works by longtime collaborators Andy Akiho,

includes many highlights – Sandbox Percussion will

David Crowell, Amy Beth Kirsten, and Thomas Kotcheff.

perform concertos with the Albany Symphony and UMKC Conservatory Orchestra, travel to Northern Ireland,






re 7.5” high X 4.75 wide


SOCIETY Est. 1978



New Independent Films Screened Bi-Weekly at the Historic Ellen Theatre

Highlights from 2021-2022 Season

“Keep ‘Em Flickering!”

Bozeman Film Festival, Inc dba Bozeman Film Society is a MT 501c3 #81-0420983 | Film Schedule at www.bozemanfilmsociety.org

Montana Ballet Company’s 39th Annual Performance Season

Saskia Ewen Fox



with the Bozeman Symphony DECEMBER 3 - 2pm & 7pm DECEMBER 4 - 2pm

CONNECTIONS 2023 Featuring Renowned Dancers from Around the World

Inspired by the Hans Christian Andersen Tale Choreography ~ Elizabeth DeFanti Orchestral Score ~ Stefan Stern

One Night Only! April 21 - 7pm

February 18 - 7pm February 19 - 4pm

NEW! Season Tickets Now Available • Performances at the Willson Auditorium Information & tickets at montanaballet.org Elizabeth DeFanti, Artistic Director






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BSO Presents

SATURDAY, DECEMBER 10, 2022 @ 2:30PM | SATURDAY, DECEMBER 10, 2022 @ 7:30PM SUNDAY, DECEMBER 11, 2022 @ 2:30PM


Sponsored by




CONCERT PROGRAM Norman Huynh CONDUCTOR Tamar Greene TENOR Bozeman Symphonic Choir

Anderson Amundson Lauridsen (arr. Dackow) Schubert Tyzik

A Christmas Festival On Christmas Day O Magnum Mysterium Ave Maria Twelve Gifts of Christmas

INTERMISSION Rutter Williams Debney (arr. Pesavento)

Here We Come A’Wassailing Harry’s Wondrous World Elf Suite I. Main Title II. Buddy’s Theme III. Santa’s Flight

Adam (arr. Dragon) Handel

Oh Holy Night “Hallelujah” from The Messiah


Sleigh Ride


Christmas Carol Singalong



BSO Presents Holiday Spectacular GUEST ARTIST BIO

Tamar Greene is the current George Washington in the

passion for social and racial justice. Tamar is one of

Broadway company of Hamilton. Prior to joining the


Broadway company, Tamar played the role of George

nominated to serve on the Hamilton Racial Justice

Washington in the Chicago company of Hamilton for

Task Force. Through his work on the task force, Tamar

a year and a half through its closing. From 2017 to

has helped to organize company-wide efforts to raise

2018, he toured with the First National Tour and North

census awareness, increase national voter registration,

American premiere of Love Never Dies, Andrew Lloyd

and amplify the importance of financially investing in

Webber’s spellbinding sequel to Phantom of the Opera.

communities of color. Tamar proudly holds his Master

He has also performed as Crab Man in Porgy and Bess

of Music from the Eastman School of Music in Vocal

at Spoleto Festival USA. Tamar played the Quartet

Performance and Literature and a B.A. in Music with

Leader in the inaugural cast of After Midnight on the

a focus in Vocal and Piano Performance and a B.A. in

Norwegian Escape. He played the role of Charlie in the

Computer Information Systems from SUNY Oswego.

NY Philharmonic Orchestra’s production of Show Boat

Learn more about Tamar on Instagram @tamar.greene.

at Lincoln Center, which was broadcast on PBS. He performed the role of Fisherman in the Broadway First National Tour of The Gerschwins’ Porgy AND Bess. Just this year, Tamar has filmed a Christmas commercial on WEtv, recorded a new promo song for Netflix Jr Jams, and released a new single, “Soaring”, now available on all streaming platforms. Tamar has graced stages worldwide having led several wedding bands and performed at venues in Italy, Germany, England, and the Caribbean. As a proud first-generation American, born of Jamaican and British parents, Tamar is a versatile artist whose musical passions mirror his eclectic background. As a writer, arranger, classical pianist and an opera singer, he combines much of his inspiration from Classical music, Reggae, Hip-Hop, R&B, Blues, and Jazz. Tamar is an accomplished voice teacher. He leads a robust studio and frequently presents masterclasses and guest lectures at high schools, universities, and major corporations around the country. His passion for performance and teaching is matched by his








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BSO Presents

The Young Person’s


to the

ORCHESTRA Free Family Concert

SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 2023 @ 10:30AM SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 11, 2023 @ 1:00PM


Sponsored by





Benjamin Britten Scott Lee

Ludwig van Beethoven


SYMPHONY NO. 5 IN C MINOR, OP. 67 I. Allegro con brio

Igor Stravinsky

FIREBIRD SUITE (1919) 5. Infernal Dance of King Kashchei 7. Finale



This is your brain

On Music

Bozeman Symphony volunteer Christina Reynolds, Lead Data Scientist at Portland Veterans Affairs Research Foundation and Science Faculty Instructor at Gallatin College, works with neurology departments in hospitals all over the country. She says that, “Every month during the Symphony’s performance season, I look forward to the Saturday night concert as a defined break from everything. The rhythms and patterns in the music refocuse the mathematical parts of my brain away from work and onto something new and beautiful in an entirely different manner than the math and physics I am usually working on. I always come away from the performances refreshed and ready to tackle the challenges of the upcoming week.”

THE PARIETAL LOBE THE FRONTAL LOBE manages executive functions such as solving problems, planning, and making decisions. This is also the emotional center of the brain. Listening to music can enhance the decision-making and analytical abilities of the frontal lobes.

processes sensory input and assign meaning to visual, tactile, and auditory sensations. They are also key to mathematical processing and fine motor control. The parietal lobe plays a strong role in learning to play a musical instrument.

THE OCCIPITAL LOBE performs all processing of visual information from the eyes. This part of the brain is especially activated in professional musicians listening to music as they are trained to read musical scores as they play.

THE TEMPORAL LOBE processes sounds such as music and speech and also plays a strong role in memory and emotional management. This part of the brain is constantly engaged as we listen to music.

THE CEREBELLUM/BRAIN STEM maintains balance and posture and controls motor function. The brain stem controls basic functions such as heartbeat and breathing. The cerebellum may help with the interpretation of rhythm in music.





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Classical Series 03

SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 2023 @ 7:30PM | SUNDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 2023 @ 2:30PM


Sponsored by





Scott Lee

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

WORLD PREMIERE CELEBRATING YELLOWSTONE’S 150TH VIOLIN CONCERTO NO. 5 IN A MAJOR, K. 219 “TURKISH” I. Allegro aperto – Adagio – Allegro aperto II. Adagio III. Rondeau – Tempo di minuetto

INTERMISSION Igor Stravinsky

FIREBIRD SUITE (1945) 1. Introduction – The Firebird and its Dance – The Firebird’s Variation 2. Pantomime I 3. Pas de deux: Firebird and Ivan Tsarevich 4. Pantomime II 5. Scherzo: Dance of the Princesses 6. Pantomime III 7. The Princesses’ Khorovod 8. Infernal Dance of King Kashchei 9. Berceuse 10. Finale



Classical Series 03 GUEST ARTIST BIO

Violinist Carrie Krause’s “elegant, sparkling performance brought audience cheers” -Seattle Post Intelligencer. Raised in Fairbanks, Alaska, Carrie serves as concertmaster of the Bozeman Symphony. Carrie has performed as concerto soloist with the Fairbanks Symphony, Casper Symphony, String Orchestra of the Rockies, and the Bozeman Symphony, and most recently with the Billings Symphony in performance of Vivaldi’s Four Seasons. She has appeared as guest concertmaster of Bravo Big Sky, Helena Symphony, and Billings Symphony, as guest artistic director of String Orchestra of the Rockies, and with the Montana Chamber Music Society and Strings Festival in Steamboat. She has four times been featured in the Grammy Awardwinning TV series, 11th and Grant. She founded and directs the Second String Orchestra for amateur players and the Bozeman Chamber Ensembles for youth. Carrie maintains a studio of thirty students, including award winners at the Music Teachers National Association and American String Teachers Association competitions. Carrie Krause performs as a baroque violinist with ensembles across the country and on numerous international series, serving as was guest artistic director and concerto soloist with Seattle Baroque. She has performed as concertmaster of New Trinity Baroque in Atlanta and Musikanten Montana, as guest concertmaster of Pacific Baroque in Vancouver and the San Francisco Bach Choir, as associate concertmaster of Apollo’s Fire in Cleveland, and as principal with the Oregon Bach Festival and Spire in Kansas City. Carrie has also appeared with Chatham Baroque, New York State Baroque, Portland Baroque, Passamezzo Moderno, Baroque Chamber Orchestra of Colorado, Clarion, The American

Classical Orchestra, and Concert Royale in New York. Festival engagements include the Leipzig Bach Festival, Salish Sea Early Music Festival, and Montana Baroque Festival as soloist, the Belgrade Early Music Festival in Serbia and Sastamalla Gregoriana in Finland as concertmaster, and the Utrecht Early Music Festival, Festival Dan les Jardins de William Christie in Nante, France, and the BBC Proms in London. Carrie has worked under such conductors as Jordi Savall, Ton Koopman, Richard Egarr, Nic McGegan, and Masaaki Suzuki. Carrie founded Baroque Music Montana, a presenting organization for a series of concerts, events, and annual Period Performance Workshop serving the multi-state region, providing employment and learning engagement for local, national, and international musicians. Carrie received degrees from Carnegie Mellon under Andres Cardenes, the Cleveland Institute of Music in violin performance and Suzuki Pedagogy, and The Juilliard School in Historical Performance. This fall 2022, Carrie joins her partner, Paul Lachapelle, on sabbatical in Europe, studying concertmaster solos and 17th century music. Returning, she is thrilled to contribute to the Bozeman arts scene with a new violin, a 1972 Kinberg from Chicago, and a fine Louis Gillet bow. An avid adventurer, Carrie placed first in her age group in the Springfield Missouri Marathon, and third overall female in the Old Gabe 50k Trail race, and occasionally loves to Nordic ski even more than practicing the violin.



F E AT U R E S TO R Y b y E l i z a b e t h S c h w a r t z


Scott Lee

“Composer-in-Residence” is a somewhat vague umbrella

place,” he says. This involves tapping into energy of a place

title, in that it can cover pretty much everything. Interestingly

and then transforming it into music. He doesn’t transcribe

though, most composers who work in that capacity with

actual sounds from the natural world, like birdsong, as some

an ensemble are only in physical residence for a brief –

composers have done. For Lee the process is more elusive,

albeit extremely intensive – period of time. Case in point:

almost like alchemy: how to engineer a metamorphosis from

Scott Lee, whose three-year residency with the Bozeman

the unique atmosphere inherent in all places into pitches,

Symphony began last year and wraps up at the end of the

rhythms, harmonies, colors, and structures.

2023-24 season, will be physically in Montana for about one week per season. While he’s in town, Lee will work with composition students at Montana State University, and cocurate a brand-new contemporary music series, Current Commotion, with Music Director Norman Huynh. Lee will also spend time with the orchestra as they rehearse his newest work, written to celebrate the 150th anniversary of Yellowstone National Park.

Lee spent a week in Bozeman. “I talked to different people: politicians, artists, writers, Symphony board and audience members,” he explains. “I went to every coffee shop in Bozeman. I got this feeling from everyone that what they loved about Bozeman was changing and they were afraid of losing what they had.” These changes affect every aspect of life in Bozeman, as the economy evolves from farming

As of this writing, Lee, who was born and raised in St.

and ranching to an emerging tech hub. “The ‘honest work’

Petersburg and now teaches composition at the University

blue-collar town was becoming a magnet attracting a lot

of Florida in Gainesville, had never been to Yellowstone. He

of wealthy people,” Lee continues, “and changes to the

was scheduled to visit in June, but had to cancel after epic

landscape. The area from Bozeman to Yellowstone is known

rains and flooding closed the park. Lee has rescheduled his

as the Serengeti because it’s an open corridor for wildlife.

trip for September; in the meantime, he is immersing himself

The growing population is threatening that with sprawl.” In

in the sounds of Yellowstone via a massive free online

the music, Lee captured the evolving dynamic interactions

sound archive created and maintained by the National Park

between humans and nature, as well as changes in the

Service. The archive contains all kinds of sounds: bears

demographics, economics, and attitudes of the residents.

growling, birds singing, wolves howling, but also the sounds of the park itself: burping paint pots, the roar of Yellowstone Falls, and the hiss of erupting geysers.

So how did a native Floridian become the first Composerin-Residence for a Montana orchestra? Lee and Huynh are friends from school; they met as graduate students at the

Last season, Lee composed The Last Best Place, a six-

Peabody Conservatory in Baltimore. “We’ve worked together

minute evocation of Bozeman. Lee has prior experience

for a while,” said Lee.

writing about specific places; his first full-length album, Through the Mangrove Tunnels, released in the fall of 2020, captures the distinctive qualities of Weedon Island Preserve, a park he visited often when he was growing up.


Last season, in preparation for writing The Last Best Place,

After Huynh became Bozeman’s music director two years ago, he set about creating a composer-in-residency program with Lee in mind as the orchestra’s first musicsmith. At 34, Lee already has an impressive resume, which

How does Lee write about a location? “For me it’s a process

includes collaborations with some of the top orchestras and

of finding out what’s most important for me to say about a

ensembles in the country, and several prestigious awards.


For me it’s a process of finding out what’s most important for me to say about a place.


The Philadelphia Inquirer hails Lee’s music as “colorful”

to discover the character of a place, and finding the right

and “engaging,” as he marries classical forms with popular

music to fit that character. Contrasts are important; different

contemporary music genres.

components of the natural space will define the structure of

Ideas for Lee’s Yellowstone piece, as yet unnamed, are gestating in his creative consciousness as he contemplates his upcoming sojourn to the park. “For me it’s about trying

the work. I can tell you this much: the Yellowstone piece will be celebratory, written for a joyous occasion, and hopefully capturing the beauty of the place.”



Classical Series 03 PROGRAM NOTES

Lee: contrasting timbres, dynamics, moods Mozart: clear, singable melodies, balanced phrases, bravura solo passages Stravinsky: episodic quality as the story unfolds, wide range of orchestral timbres (colors)

Lee: Through the Mangrove Tunnels Mozart: Violin concertos Nos. 1-4 Stravinsky: Petrouchka, The Rite of Spring

WORLD PREMIERE CELEBRATING YELLOWSTONE’S 150TH Composer: born December 1, 1988, St. Petersburg, FL Work Composed: 2022 World premiere: Norman Huynh will lead the Bozeman Symphony on February 25, 2023, in Bozeman, MT Instrumentation: Estimated duration: 6 minutes Composer in Residence Scott Lee’s music has been praised as “colorful” and “engaging” by the Philadelphia Enquirer. In his work, Lee often takes inspiration from popular genres. His music marries the traditional intricacy of classical forms with the more body-centered and visceral language of contemporary popular music, creating a complex music of the present with broad appeal. Active as a music educator, Lee is currently Assistant Professor of Composition at the University of Florida School of Music in Gainesville, FL. Last season, the Bozeman Symphony presented the world premiere of The Last Best Place, Lee’s homage to Bozeman. This season, Lee has written a piece to celebrate the 150 th anniversary of Yellowstone National Park. Lee had not previously visited the park, and his initial trip had to be postponed when the park was inundated by major floods in June 2022. Lee has since spent time exploring the park’s iconic geysers and wild places, absorbing



Yellowstone’s distinctiveness. As he wrote, Lee immersed himself in the sounds of the park through the National Park Service’s extensive sound archive of Yellowstone. While Scott did not literally transcribe these sounds into music, they informed his music and his ideas about capturing Yellowstone in a musical framework “For me, it’s about trying to find the character of a place, finding the right music to fit that character,” Lee explains. “Contrasts are important; different components of the natural space define the structure of a work. The Yellowstone piece will be celebratory, a joyous occasion capturing the beauty of the place, but contrasting that beauty with the alien environment of the geysers.”

VIOLIN CONCERTO NO. 5 IN A MAJOR, K. 219 “TURKISH” Composer: born January 27, 1756, Salzburg, Austria; died December 5, 1791, Vienna Work Composed: Mozart wrote all five of his violin concertos between April and December 1775, probably for violinist Antonio Brunetti, who took over as concertmaster for the Archbishop of Salzburg’s court orchestra after Mozart resigned his post there in 1776. World premiere: December 1775 in Salzburg Instrumentation: solo violin, 2 oboes, 2 horns, and strings Estimated duration: 28 minutes

Classical Series 03 PROGRAM NOTES

Today, we think of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart as a composer and virtuoso pianist, but he was also a prodigally skilled violinist. When Mozart was a boy, he traveled throughout Europe displaying his virtuosity on both violin and keyboard; he also absorbed the musical styles of Italy, with its emphasis on lyricism and bravura technique. Both qualities infuse Mozart’s music for violin, particularly his five violin concertos, most of which he wrote over a few months in 1775.

Diaghilev to rehearse the dancers. Desperate, Diaghilev turned to Stravinsky, who jumped at the opportunity to work with the renowned Russian impresario and his equally famous ballet troupe. Stravinsky completed the music relatively quickly, during the winter and spring of 1909-1910. The Firebird was an instant success for both impresario and composer from the moment of its premiere. The orchestral suites Stravinsky later created are equally popular with symphony audiences.

The A Major Violin Concerto is the most mature of the five; the overall mood, even in the Adagio, is one of optimism and joyous expression. In the first movement, the soloist explores the violin’s highest notes in graceful arabesques. In the tender, intimate E major Adagio, both orchestra and soloist play passages of exquisite transparency. The closing Rondeau combines Mozart’s deceptively simple melodies with adventures in minor keys and folk music flourishes; these account for its “Turkish” nickname (in Mozart’s time, any vaguely Eastern-sounding music was referred to as Turkish, although in the case of this concerto, Mozart’s inspiration was actually Hungarian folk music).

Stravinsky’s inventive, virtuosic use of orchestral colors and abrupt, repetitive rhythms took audiences on a sound journey unlike any they had previously experienced. The music, combined with Michel Fokine’s innovative choreography and the dazzling sets and costumes of Alexander Golovin, made The Firebird a unified creation, not simply a ballet with interesting music and costumes. It had been Diaghilev’s aim to present a work that synthesized all its elements, and critics were duly impressed. Henri Ghéon thought the work ‘the most exquisite marvel of equilibrium that we have ever imagined between sounds, movements and forms.’

SUITE FROM THE FIREBIRD (1945) Composer: born June 17, 1882, Oranienbaum (now Lomonosov), Russia; died April 6, 1971, New York City Work composed: November 1909 – May 1910 for Sergei Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes World premiere: The Firebird ballet was first performed by the Ballets Russes at the Paris Opéra on June 25, 1910 Instrumentation: 2 flutes (1 doubling piccolo), 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, 4 horns, 2 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, timpani, bass drum, cymbals, snare drum, tambourine, triangle, xylophone, piano, harp, and strings Estimated duration: 28 minutes The Firebird was the first of several ground-breaking collaborations between Igor Stravinsky and Serge Diaghilev, head of the Ballets Russes. It also became the young and then unknown composer’s letter of introduction to the musical world. Before contacting Stravinsky, Diaghilev had approached five other composers about writing music for The Firebird, including the notoriously lazy Anatoly Liadov, who couldn’t (or didn’t) finish the music in time for

The Firebird is a patchwork tale, whose story and characters are drawn from several sources in Russian folklore. In the Introduction, Prince Ivan, while hunting, discovers an enchanted garden wherein dwells the magical Firebird, and captures her. The murky opening notes, intoned by strings, low winds and brasses, establish the mythic nature of the story. In exchange for her freedom, the Firebird gives Ivan one of her magic feathers in the Dance of the Firebird (agitated strings alternating with pensive winds). Ivan continues his hunt and finds a castle in which the evil King Kashchei is holding 13 princesses captive. To amuse themselves, the princesses dance in the castle courtyard to a lyrical oboe solo while playing with golden apples. The princesses tell Ivan that the green-clawed Kashchei (in some versions a sorcerer-king, in others a terrifying ogre) turns people into stone. Ivan, protected by the Firebird’s magic feather, provokes Kashchei. Suddenly the Firebird appears and enchants Kashchei and his hideous ogres, causing them to dance themselves into exhaustion in the Infernal Dance of King Kashchei. After they collapse, the Firebird’s gentle lullaby (Berceuse), an ethereal bassoon melody, lulls them to an eternal sleep. The princesses and all of Kaschchei’s stone victims are freed and the Finale captures their joy with dazzling, triumphant chords. © Elizabeth Schwartz




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Classical Series 04

SATURDAY, MARCH 25, 2023 @ 7:30PM | SUNDAY, MARCH 26, 2023 @ 2:30PM


Sponsored by





Norman Huynh CONDUCTOR Janai Brugger SOPRANO Bozeman Symphonic Choir

Missy Mazzoli

THESE WORLDS IN US Montana Premiere

Eric Funk


INTERMISSION Francis Poulenc

GLORIA 1. Gloria in excelsis Deo 2. Laudamus te 3. Domine Deus, Rex caelestis 4. Domine Fili unigenite 5. Domine Deus, Agnus Dei 6. Qui sedes ad dexteram Patris

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

AVE VERUM CORPUS 406-585-9774


Classical Series 04 GUEST ARTIST BIO

American soprano, Janai Brugger, the 2012 winner of Operalia and of the Metropolitan Opera National Council Auditions, made her television debut last season when she sang a specially-written requiem composed by Laura Karpman for an episode of HBO’s renowned ‘Lovecraft Country.’ She returned to Mahler’s Fourth Symphony with Yannick Nézet-Séguin and The Philadelphia Orchestra, and revived a favourite role, Pamina Die Zauberflote for performances at Palm Beach Opera’s first Outdoor Opera Festival. More recently she appeared as Michaela Carmen at Cincinnati Opera and returned to Dutch National Opera for their acclaimed Missa in tempore Belli (Haydn) conducted by Lorenzo Viotti and directed by Barbora Horáková. In a recent season, the artist appeared at the Metropolitan Opera in the role of Clara in their celebrated new production of Porgy and Bess in which she’d previously appeared at Dutch National Opera. At Lyric Opera of Chicago she sang the role of Ilia Idomeneo and at Cincinnati Opera she appeared as Susanna Le nozze di Figaro. In her artistic home at Los Angeles Opera, she sang the role of Servilia La Clemenza di Tito, a role she previously sang at Dutch National Opera. Miss Brugger travelled to the Royal Opera House Covent Garden for revival performances of Pamina Die Zauberflöte and sang the role of Liù Turandot at Lyric Opera of Chicago.




Classical Series 04 PROGRAM NOTES

Mazzoli: listen (and watch) carefully for the percussionists playing melodicas (mouth keyboards) at the beginning and end; hear the way the opening violin theme weaves in and out of the texture Funk: listen for the threnody (lament) in the first movement; the repeating ominous rhythm in the second; the chorale in the third; and the poetic images of the texts in the fourth that signal the phoenix’s rebirth Poulenc: Hear the contrasts of mood and tempo among the six movements; listen for the unison Gregorian chantlike writing for the chorus, and the dialog amongst the different voice parts in the faster sections Mozart: listen for the clarity of the text and the slow gradual crescendo (increase in volume) as the music reaches its emotional high point

Mazzoli: Sinfonia (for Orbiting Spheres) Funk: Symphony No. 2 “Montana” Poulenc: Stabat Mater Mozart: Solemn Vespers; Requiem

THESE WORLDS IN US Composer: born October 27, 1980, Landsdale, PA Work composed: 2006; dedicated “to my father” World premiere: The Yale Philharmonia gave the first performance in 2006 in New Haven, CT Instrumentation: 2 flutes, 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, 4 horns, 2 trumpets, 2 trombones, tuba, bass drum, tuned cowbells, suspended cymbal, hi-hat, 2 melodicas, snare drum, vibraphone, harp, and strings Estimated duration: 9 minutes Award-winning composer Missy Mazzoli, whom Alex Ross of the New Yorker praised for her “apocalyptic imagination,” became one of the first two women, along with Jeanine Tesori, to receive a main stage commission from the Metropolitan Opera in 2018. An active pianist/composer, Mazzoli writes in a wide variety of genres, including opera, orchestral, chamber music, and scores for both television and film. These Worlds in Us, Mazzoli’s first work for large orchestra, won the 2007 ASCAP Young Composers Award. The title

comes from James Tate’s poem, “The Lost Pilo”. Mazzoli included an excerpt of Tate’s poem and the following comments in the score: My head cocked towards the sky, I cannot get off the ground, and you, passing over again, fast, perfect and unwilling to tell me that you are doing well, or that it was a mistake that placed you in that world, and me in this; or that misfortune placed these worlds in us. “This piece is dedicated to my father, who was a soldier during the Vietnam War. In talking to him it occurred to me that, as we grow older, we accumulate worlds of intense memory within us, and that grief is often not far from joy. I like the idea that music can reflect painful and blissful sentiments in a single note or gesture, and sought to create a sound palette that I hope is at once completely new and strangely familiar to the listener. “The theme of this work, a mournful line first played by the violins, collapses into glissandos almost immediately after it appears, giving the impression that the piece has been 406-585-9774


Classical Series 04 PROGRAM NOTES

submerged under water or played on a turntable that is grinding to a halt. The melodicas (mouth organs) played by the percussionists in the opening and final gestures mimic the wheeze of a broken accordion, lending a particular vulnerability to the bookends of the work. The rhythmic structures and cyclical nature of the piece are inspired by the unique tension and logic of Balinese music, and the march-like figures in the percussion bring to mind the militaristic inspiration for the work as well as the relentless energy of electronica drum beats.”

SYMPHONY NO. 6 APOCALYPSE: PHOENIX RISING Composer: born September 28, 1949, Deer Lodge, MT

as a “fear trigger,” he scores it for bassoon, contrabassoon, low basses and piano. At one point, Funk writes a low A for the contrabassoon that can only be played by attaching an extension to the instrument. The third movement features a chorale for oboes, bassoons, and brasses, followed by a series of variations on that original chorale theme. The closing movement, Phoenix Rising, features a chorus singing James Agee’s poem “Sure On This Shining Night,” which Funk interprets as a description of Elysium, the Greek concept of Paradise. Funk pairs the expressive nature imagery of Agee’s poem with English Renaissance composer John Dryden’s Hymn to St. Cecilia, the patron saint of music. Funk said he was particularly drawn to Dryden’s words, “And music shall untune the sky.” The symphony concludes triumphantly as the phoenix slowly rises from the ashes.

Work composed: 2001 World premiere: at these concerts Instrumentation: SATB chorus, 2 oboes, 2 bassoons, 2 horns, 3 trumpets, 2 trombones, bass trombone, tuba, timpani, 3 bass drums, cymbals, tam-tam, tom toms, piano, and strings Estimated duration: 36 minutes Montana-born composer Eric Funk’s Symphony No. 6 Apocalypse: Phoenix Rising mirrors the story of the mythical phoenix, a bird which renews itself from chaos and is reborn in fire. “The idea is that things fall apart in the first three movements, and in the last movement I pull it back together – that’s the phoenix rising section,” says Funk. “It has to do with human impacts on the earth.” Funk began writing this symphony as a response to the September 11, 2001 attacks. While watching the events unfold on television that sunny September morning, Funk began to hear music in his head. That music became the basis for a threnody, or a lament, what Funk describes as the “tragic section” in the first movement. “The second movement is kind of eerie and haunting in a threatening way,” Funk continues. Its second half of this movement features a spiky ostinato (repeating rhythm), which signals an impending apocalypse. To emphasize the ominous quality of the spiky ostinato, which Funk describes



GLORIA Composer: born January 7, 1899, Paris; died January 30, 1963, Paris Work composed: May 1959 – July 1960; dedicated “à la mémoire de Serge et Nathalie Koussevitzky,” and commissioned by the Koussevitzky Foundation in their honor World premiere: Charles Munch led the Boston Symphony and the Chorus Pro Musica in Symphony Hall in Boston on January 21, 1961 Instrumentation: solo soprano, SATB chorus, piccolo, 2 flutes (1 also doubling piccolo), 2 oboes, English horn, 2 clarinets, bass clarinet, 2 bassoons, contrabassoon, 4 horns, 3 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, timpani, harp, and strings Estimated duration: 25 minutes Francis Poulenc came of age musically and chronologically in the jazz-saturated, post-WWI frenzied culture of Roaring 20s Paris. His music from this time demonstrates a biting wit, and carefree (or care-less) attitudes to prewar conventions, musical and otherwise. The elegance and style of Poulenc’s music from this time mirror the larger cultural trends of the hectic society in which he

Classical Series 04 PROGRAM NOTES

lived. By the mid-1930s, however, as Fascist movements in Germany and Italy grew stronger, Poulenc took a deeper, more reflective approach to his work.


In 1936, Poulenc learned of the tragic accidental death of a close friend and colleague. Devastated, Poulenc embraced Catholicism in his personal religious practice and his music. From 1936 until his own death in 1963, Poulenc focused on religious music. Some of these pieces were intended for liturgical use, while other works, like his opera Dialogue of the Carmelites, are based on religious themes.

Composer: born January 27, 1756, Salzburg, Austria; died December 5, 1791, Vienna

The six sections of Poulenc’s Gloria, whose text comes from the liturgy of the Catholic mass, reflects both Poulenc’s youthful impish humor and profound statements of belief. Poulenc modeled his Gloria on that of Italian Baroque composer Antonio Vivaldi, and the two works, though separated by several hundred years, share the same structure, resources – soloist, mixed chorus, and orchestra – and distinct movements with specific emotional arcs.

Instrumentation: SATB chorus, organ, and strings

Poulenc employed an overall structure of a symmetrical arch form in which each of the movements is paired with another: the first and last movements are the longest and most epic in scope (Poulenc described them as “majestic”), contrasted with the shorter, faster, and buoyant music of movements II and IV, and the stately solemnity of movements III and V. “The colors are very clear, primary colors – rude and violent like the Provence chapel of Matisse,” Poulenc said when describing the Gloria. He added, “The second movement caused a scandal. I wonder why? While writing it, I had in mind those Gozzoli frescoes with angels sticking out their tongues, and also some solemn-looking Benedictine monks I saw playing football one day.”

Work composed: 1791. Dedicated to Mozart’s friend Anton Stoll World premiere: June 23, 1791, in Baden, a spa town near Vienna

Estimated duration: 3 minutes One of the hallmarks of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s music is its simplicity, which the pianist Artur Schnabel famously characterized as “too simple for children and too difficult for adults.” Nowhere is this more evident than in his exquisite setting of the liturgical text Ave verum corpus. Mozart completed this short choral work (only 46 measures total) on June 17, 1791 and it was first presented as a Eucharistic hymn in Baden at the Feast of Corpus Christi that year. Mozart dedicated the work to his friend, Anton Stoll, who was chorus master of the parish church in Baden, where Mozart was visiting with his wife Constanze. The simplicity of the work may have its roots in practicality; the singers in Stoll’s parish choir were probably not firstrate musicians, and thus Mozart wrote an accessible piece of music they could learn quickly and easily. Or perhaps the plain language of the text itself suggested a more basic approach. The orchestra provides the barest introduction and functions mostly as a support to the chorus, which presents the text in a manner designed to focus on the words set like jewels into glimmering harmonies. The original text of Ave verum corpus is based on a poem found in a 14th century manuscript from Reichenau, Switzerland. It praises the Catholic belief in transubstantiation, in which the boy and blood of Jesus are transformed into the bread and wine of the Eucharist, and reaffirms Catholic concepts of the redemptive power of suffering. © Elizabeth Schwartz



F E AT U R E S TO R Y b y E l i z a b e t h S c h w a r t z

An Interview with

Eric Funk

For a classical composer, writing an opera or symphony is considered a pinnacle of achievement. A large multimovement work that can last up to – and sometimes more than – an hour, is a significant undertaking, requiring months or even years. Most composers wouldn’t normally take on a project of that scope without financial backing or a commission from an ensemble. So the fact that Eric Funk has composed ten symphonies without any commissions is remarkable in itself. Without an external prompt, what drives him to compose these large-scale works? “I wanted to start digging into symphonic form,” Funk explains. “I love symphonic writing. I’ve written 172 works – five operas, 10 symphonies, concertos, etc. I love the fullness of a large orchestra and all the options you have with that many players.” Working within the form and structure of a typical 19th century symphony’s four contrasting movements, Funk explores the sonic possibilities of timbre (orchestral color) and dramatic arc, choosing from an almost endlessly variable array of sounds and colors. “I think if you call something a symphony you have a responsibility to attend to the forms that were used,” he explains. Funk, who was born in Deer Lodge, MT in 1948, grew up in

admired him greatly as a composer but didn’t especially

a large and formidably talented musical family. In a 2018

care for his music.

interview, he recalled, “My parents were both professional musicians, so all of us kids were also. We really didn’t have a choice … we were like the von Trapp family. We had uniforms, we sang as a choir, each of us played three instruments in different combinations, and we’d do these fundraiser concerts for my dad’s professional choir who was touring in Europe.” As a young man, Funk studied composition with Czech composer Tomas Svoboda at Portland State University, where he earned

After teaching in in Oregon and Texas, Funk came home to Montana in 1985, and has been presenting a wide range of courses on music and creativity at Montana State University’s School of Music since 2002. In addition to his busy teaching and composing activities, Funk is the artistic director and host for Montana PBS-TV “11th & Grant with Eric Funk,” the Emmy Award-winning showcase for Montana musicians from all genres.

an undergraduate degree and worked on a doctorate.

In March 2023, the Bozeman Symphony will present the

Funk later studied privately with composers Sandor

world premiere of Funk’s Symphony No. 6 “Apocalypse:

Veress and Krzysztof Penderecki, the latter chosen

Phoenix Rising,” which grew out of Funk’s response to

specifically and somewhat paradoxically because Funk

the September 11 attacks in 2001. “The idea is that things



My music reflects this landscape ... every time you look around, you’re like, ‘Wow, and I live here.’”


fall apart in the first three movements, and in the last

head, something most people experience at one time

movement I pull it back together – that’s the phoenix

or another. Funk’s inner music is unique to him. “Once

rising section,” says Funk. “It has to do with human

you realize that what you’re hearing isn’t a signal that’s

impacts on the earth.”

external, you start trying to figure out a way to grab

Funk, who is currently working on his tenth symphony, says all his symphonies are connected; the first five form a pentalogy called “Beyond Time.” “I’m suggesting life on earth is incomplete without humans on it, but we need to live consciously,” says Funk. Although the initial

it, poke it out on the piano or guitar or something,” he explained in a 2017 interview with Steven Harris-Weiel on the podcast You Are Admirable. “I think every one of us is born an iPod, and we’re full of original information. If you can tap into it, it’s just there.”

impetus for “Apocalypse: Phoenix Rising” came from a

Montana itself is an essential component in the sound

specific terrorist attack at a specific moment in time,

of Funk’s music. In 2012, Funk remarked, “In Europe they

the overall themes of destruction and rebirth continue

tell me, ‘Your music is so big.’ I couldn’t compose the

the conceptual ideas Funk explored in “Beyond Time.”

music I do if I didn’t live here.” Montana’s expansiveness

While watching the attacks unfold on television that sunny September morning more than 20 years ago, Funk began to hear music emerging in his mind’s ear. That music became the basis for a threnody, or a lament, what Funk describes as the “tragic section” in the first movement. “The second movement is kind of eerie and haunting in a threatening way,” Funk continues. “It has a spiky ostinato underneath, the intention being to create the foreboding nature of an impending apocalypse.” The closing movement, “Phoenix Rising,” features a chorus

– physically, biologically, and spiritually – gives Funk the creative room he needs to express the music inside him. “My music reflects this landscape, all the way from the subtle lighting of eastern Montana over by Miles City, and the Hi-Line, where I lived from 8th grade through the junior year of high school,” said Funk in 2018. “So those subtle places of Glacier Park, which I just love, to this beautiful Gallatin Valley, the space, the altitude – it’s just magical. Every time you look around, you’re like, ‘Wow, and I live here.’”

singing James Agee’s poem “Sure On This Shining Night,”

The Bozeman Symphony will perform the world premiere

which Funk says is a description of Elysium, the ancient

of Eric Funk’s Symphony No. 6 “Apocalypse: Phoenix

Greek mythological concept of Paradise. Paired with

Rising” in Willson Auditorium on March 25 and 26, 2023.

the expressive nature imagery of Agee’s poem, Funk

For more information, go to www.bozemansymphony.

also includes the English Renaissance composer John


Dryden’s Hymn to St. Cecilia, the patron saint of music. Funk was particularly drawn to the words, “And music shall untune the sky.” Like many composers, Funk thinks and feels most intuitively through music. “Music is my language; I’ve been hearing music in my head – that I was aware of – since I was about three.” This inner music is not triggered by an outside stimulus, nor is it an earworm (repeating fragment) of pre-existing music that gets stuck in your



Classical Series 05

SATURDAY, MAY 20, 2023 @ 7:30PM | SUNDAY, MAY 21, 2023 @ 2:30PM


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Isaac Albéniz Joaquín Rodrigo

THE MAGIC OPAL: OVERTURE CONCIERTO DE ARANJUEZ I. Allegro con spirito II. Adagio III. Allegro gentile


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Maurice Ravel




Classical Series 05 GUEST ARTIST BIO



orchestras, and festivals. Highlights of his international

international press as the successor of Andrés Segovia






tours with orchestras include Amsterdam Sinfonietta,

and an ambassador of Spanish culture in the world. Since

the National Orchestra of Spain or the New Zealand

his debut with the New York Philharmonic under the

Symphony. Last season, Sáinz Villegas made his debut

baton of Rafael Frühbeck de Burgos at the Lincoln Center,

at Chicago’s Grant Park Music Festival to an audience of

he has played in more than 40 countries and invited to

11,000 people and at Praça do Comercio in Lisbon with

play with orchestras such as the Berlin Philharmonic,

the Gulbenkian Orchestra.

Chicago Symphony, Philharmonic of Israel, Los Angeles Philharmonic, and the National Orchestra of Spain, making

Pablo has already appeared on some of the world’s most

him a benchmark for the symphonic guitar.

prestigious stages including Carnegie Hall in New York, the Philharmonie in Berlin, Tchaikovsky Concert Hall

Plácido Domingo has described him as “the master of

in Moscow, the Musikverein in Vienna or the National

the guitar” and with him he has had the privilege of

Arts Center in Beijing. The success of his performances

recording his new duo album, as well as participating in

translates into repeated invitations from directors such

the tribute held in his honor at the Santiago Bernabéu

as Miguel Harth-Bedoya, Carlos Kalmar, Juanjo Mena

stadium in Madrid to an audience of over 85,000 and

and Alondra de la Parra. Habitual performer in concerts

also in a concert on a floating stage on the Amazon

of institutional and business representation, he has

River, televised for millions of people in the world.

had the privilege of playing before members of the Spanish Royal Family as well as other heads of state and

His “… virtuosic playing characterized by irresistible

international leaders.

exuberance” (The New York Times) make him one of the most acclaimed soloists by prestigious directors,




Classical Series 05 PROGRAM NOTES

Albéniz: merry mood, lilting melodies Rodrigo: English horn solo in second movement; dialog between soloist and orchestra Debussy: celesta and English horn solo in the “Perfumes of the Night” section; upper strings played like guitars Ravel: As the melody repeats, listen for the changes in timbre (color) among the strings, winds, and brasses

Albéniz: The Magic Opal (complete operetta); San Antonio de la Florida Rodrigo: Fantasía para un Gentilhombre Debussy: La mer Ravel: nothing else Ravel wrote sounds anything like Boléro, but his Piano Concerto In G and the Piano Concerto for the Left Hand are terrific

OVERTURE TO THE MAGIC OPAL Composer: born May 29, 1860, Camprodón, in the province of Gerona, Spain; died May 18, 1909, Cambo-les-Bains, France Work composed: 1892, from a libretto by Arthur Law. After its premiere, Albéniz revised and retitled it The Magic Ring, which was staged on April 11, 1893, at the Prince of Wales Theater, London. World premiere: January 19, 1893, at London’s Lyric Theatre. Instrumentation: 2 flutes (1 doubling piccolo), 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, 2 horns, 2 trumpets, trombone, timpani, percussion, harp, and strings Estimated duration: 9 minutes Composer Isaac Albéniz is best known for Iberia, a four volume collection of solo piano music that reflects both his prodigious virtuosity as a pianist and his mastery of Spanish musical idioms. Given his enduring association with Spanish music, it is interesting that Albéniz lived most of his life outside his native country. He began concertizing as a child, and spent much of his life traveling through Europe and America.



From 1890-93, Albéniz lived in London, where he composed several operettas for English music halls. The most successful of these, The Magic Opal, is a comic opera in two acts, based on a libretto by English playwright and actor Arthur Law. The story revolves around the title gem, which causes its wearer to fall in love with whomever gives her the ring. The usual operatic hijinks – convoluted plot twists, dramatic reversals, and elaborate schemes to possess the opal predominate. Albéniz’s music reflects the styles and conventions of Victorian operettas of the time. The Magic Opal received positive reviews and was favorably compared with the operettas of Albéniz’s English contemporaries, Gilbert and Sullivan.

CONCIERTO DE ARANJUEZ Composer: born November 22, 1901, Sagunto, Spain; died July 6, 1999, Madrid Work composed: 1939. Dedicated to guitarist Regino Sáinz de la Maza. World premiere: November 9, 1940. César Mendoza Lasalle led the Orquesta Filarmónica de Barcelona with soloist Regino Sáinz de la Maza at the Palau de la Música Catalana (Palace of Catalan Music) in Barcelona.

Classical Series 05 PROGRAM NOTES

Instrumentation: solo guitar, 2 flutes (one doubling piccolo), 2 oboes (one doubling English horn), 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, 2 horns, 2 trumpets, and strings. Estimated duration: 22 minutes Joaquín Rodrigo’s inspiration for the Concierto de Aranjuez came from the Palacio Real de Aranjuez, the palace and gardens built by Philip II in the 16th century, not far from Madrid, and rebuilt two centuries later by Ferdinand VI; only the gardens survive today. Rodrigo lost his sight at age three after contracting diphtheria, and therefore could not perceive the visual beauty of the gardens. Instead he sought, in his words, to depict “the fragrance of magnolias, the singing of birds and the gushing of fountains.” Rodrigo added that the concerto “is meant to sound like the hidden breeze that stirs the treetops in the parks; it should be as agile as a butterfly, and as tightly controlled as a veronica [a term from bullfighting referring to a pass with a cape]; a suggestion of times past.” Rodrigo’s emphasis on “times past” may have been a conscious effort on his part to avoid associations with Spain’s present: the turbulent aftermath of the Spanish Civil War, and the rise of Hitler across Europe. In the Concierto, Rodrigo pays particular attention to orchestration, insuring that the solo guitar is not overwhelmed by the orchestra. Much of the accompaniment has the quality of chamber music, as when a single instrument or section partners the soloist. Rodrigo only unleashes the full orchestra when the soloist is silent. The Allegro con spirito features the fandango, an aristocratic dance of the Spanish court, characterized by rhythmic shifts between 3/4 and 6/8 time. Victoria Rodrigo’s biography of her husband notes that the Adagio reflects both happy memories of the couple’s honeymoon, and Rodrigo’s heartbreak over the miscarriage, at seven months, of their first child. The yearning beauty of the main theme, heard first in the English horn, expresses both Rodrigo’s wistfulness and his pain; Rodrigo once said of the Adagio, “If nostalgia could take form, the second movement would be its tightest mold.” Like the opening movement, the Allegro gentile showcases Baroque-style dances with shifting meters and Spanish folk songs.

“IBÉRIA” FROM IMAGES POUR ORCHESTRA Composer: born August 22, 1862, St. Germain-en-Laye, near Paris; died March 25, 1918, Paris Work composed: between 1905 and 1909 World premiere: Gabriel Pierné conducted the Orchestre Colonne at the Châtelet Theater in Paris on February 20, 1910. Instrumentation: piccolo, 3 flutes (3rd flute also doubling piccolo), 2 oboes, English horn, 3 clarinets, 3 bassoons, contrabassoon, 4 horns, 3 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, timpani, castanets, celesta, chimes, cymbals, snare drum, tambour de basque, tambourin provençal, tambourine, xylophone, 2 harps, and strings Estimated duration: 21 minutes Claude Debussy’s Images pour Orchestra evolved over several years, and should not be confused with Debussy’s three Images for solo piano. “Ibéria,” the best-known of the three Images, is itself divided into three separate sections, each with its own title. Par les rues et par les chemins (By streets and by paths) incorporates the rhythm of the sevillana, a popular dance from Seville featuring castanets and a Basque drum. The sensuous mystery of Parfums de la nuit (Perfumes of the night), particularly the featured celesta, recalls the opening of Gigues. The strings are divided into multiple sections (the first violins alone play seven different parts at one point), creating a lush texture that demands the utmost precision from each player. We hear a sinuous habañera featuring another solo for English horn. The dance’s rhythm notwithstanding, the overall feeling is of floating, disembodied, through the air, like a beguiling scent wafting over the evening breeze. Le matin d’un jour de fête (The Morning of a Festival), captures all the anticipatory bustle of preparations for the holiday. In the score, Debussy instructs half the violins and violas to hold and play their instruments like guitars; he also provides specific direction for the clarinets’ solo (“very cheerfully, exaggerating the accents”); the violin solo should sound “free and whimsical.” The trombones’ rowdy ascending glissando concludes the festivities.



Classical Series 05 PROGRAM NOTES

Critics and audiences alike were bewildered by and dismissive of Images, but Debussy’s colleagues Maurice Ravel and Manuel de Falla were moved by its rich evocations. De Falla wrote that “Ibéria,” in particular, captured “the intoxicating spell of Andalusian nights, the joyous strains of guitars and bandurrias … all whirling in the air.”

BOLÉRO Composer: born March 7, 1875, Ciboure, France; died December 28, 1937, Paris Work composed: 1928 World premiere: Originally written as a ballet for Ida Rubenstein, which premiered November 22, 1928, at the Paris Opèra, conducted by Walter Straram. Ravel first presented Boléro as a concert work with the Lamoreux Orchestra in Paris on January 11, 1930. Instrumentation: piccolo, 2 flutes, 2 oboes, oboe d’amore, English horn, 3 clarinets, bass clarinet, 2 bassoons, contrabassoon, soprano saxophone, tenor saxophone, 4 horns, 4 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, timpani, celesta, cymbals, snare drum, tam tam, harp, and strings. Estimated duration: 14 minutes From the snare drum’s opening notes, even before the infamous melody begins, we instantly recognize Boléro. This oddly compelling music has entered popular culture through various media: the 1979 film 10; numerous television commercials; the sci-fi television show Dr. Who, and the gold medal-winning performance by ice dancers Jayne Torvill and Christopher Dean at the 1984 Sarajevo Olympics. Maurice Ravel would not have been surprised by Boléro’s enduring popularity; while he worked on it, the composer commented, “The piece I am working on will be so popular,



even fruit peddlers will whistle it in the street.” Originally a ballet commission from Ida Rubenstein, formerly of Serge Diaghilev’s Ballets Russes, Boléro was choreographed by Bronislava Nijinska, sister of Vaslav Nijinsky, and featured a Gypsy woman dancing on a table in a Spanish tavern, who whips her audience into uncontrolled sexual frenzy. Rubenstein’s ballet was successful, but Boléro’s lasting fame came in the concert hall, most notably from a controversial performance conducted by Arturo Toscanini in 1930. Not all listeners were seduced, however. One critic described Boléro as “... the most insolent monstrosity ever perpetrated in the history of music … it is simply the incredible repetition of a single rhythm ... and above it is the blatant recurrence of an overwhelmingly vulgar cabaret tune.” In response, Ravel wrote a letter in 1931 to the London Daily Telegraph: “It [Boléro] is an experiment in a very special and limited direction, and it should not be suspected of aiming at achieving anything different from, or anything more than, it actually does achieve. Before the first performance, I issued a warning to the effect that what I had written was a piece … consisting wholly of orchestral texture without music – of one long, very gradual crescendo ... I have done exactly what I have set out to do, and it is for listeners to take it or leave it.” In 2012, the award-winning science podcast Radiolab presented an episode titled “Unraveling Bolero,” which suggested that Ravel might have been experiencing early symptoms of frontotemporal dementia (a degenerative brain disease involving the frontal lobe of the brain), as he wrote Boléro. One aspect of this disease manifests as an obsessive need for repetition, which is reflected in Boléro’s complete lack of thematic or rhythmic musical development. Six years after finishing Boléro, Ravel began to forget words and lose short-term memory. By 1935, two years before his death, he could no longer write or speak. © Elizabeth Schwartz

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Classical Series 06

SATURDAY, JUNE 10, 2023 @ 7:30PM | SUNDAY, JUNE 11, 2023 @ 2:30PM


Sponsored by





Samuel Barber

CONCERTO FOR VIOLIN AND ORCHESTRA I. Allegro II. Andante III. Presto in moto


SYMPHONY NO. 1 I. Langsam. Schleppend – Immer sehr gemächlich II. Kräftig bewegt, doch nicht zu schnell III. Feierlich und gemessen, ohne zu schleppen IV. Stürmisch bewegt



Classical Series 06 GUEST ARTIST BIO

Violinist Simone Porter has been recognized as an

celebration of the work of the composer and conductor.



In recent seasons, she has also appeared at the Edinburgh

integrity, and vibrant communication. In the past few





Festival performing Barber under the direction of Stéphane

years she has debuted with the New York Philharmonic,

Denève, and at the Mostly Mozart Festival performing

the Philadelphia Orchestra, the Los Angeles Philharmonic;

Mozart under Louis Langrée. She has also performed with

and with a number of renowned conductors, including

the Los Angeles Philharmonic at the Hollywood Bowl with

Stéphane Denève, Gustavo Dudamel, Yannick Nézet-

both Nicholas McGegan and Ludovic Morlot, and at Walt

Séguin, Nicholas McGegan, Ludovic Morlot, and Donald

Disney Concert Hall with Gustavo Dudamel.

Runnicles. Born in 1996, Simone made her professional solo debut at age 10 with the Seattle Symphony and her

Internationally, Simone has performed with the Simón

international debut with the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra

Bolívar Symphony Orchestra with Gustavo Dudamel;

in London at age 13. In March 2015, Simone was named a

the Orquestra Sinfônica Brasileira in Rio de Janeiro; the

recipient of an Avery Fisher Career Grant.

National Symphony Orchestra of Costa Rica; the City Chamber Orchestra of Hong Kong; the Royal Northern

Recent highlights include Mendelssohn with New Jersey

Sinfonia; the Milton Keynes City Orchestra in the United


Kingdom; and the Opera de Marseilles.







extensive tour throughout the US including concerts with the Santa Rosa, Amarillo, Pasadena, Fairfax and Midland

Simone made her Carnegie Zankel Hall debut on the

Symphonies; the Rochester, Westchester, Orlando and

Emmy Award-winning TV show From the Top: Live from

Great Bay Philharmonics; the Sarasota Orchestra and the

Carnegie Hall followed in November 2016 by her debut in

Northwest Sinfonietta. With the cessation of live concerts

Stern Auditorium. In June 2016, her featured performance

Simone continued to record streamed events with Seattle,

of music from Schindler’s List with Maestro Gustavo

Pittsburgh, Charlotte and Greater Bridgeport Symphonies.

Dudamel and members of the American Youth Symphony was broadcast nationally on the TNT Network as part of

At the invitation of Esa-Pekka Salonen, Simone performed

the American Film Institute’s Lifetime Achievement Award:

his work ‘Lachen verlernt’ (‘Laughing Unlearnt’), at the

A Tribute to John Williams.

New York Philharmonic’s “Foreign Bodies,” a multi-sensory




Classical Series 06 PROGRAM NOTES

Barber: yearning melodies, oboe solo in second movement, virtuoso violin passages in third movement Mahler: dance-like quality of second movement, Frére Jacques melody in third movement, triumphant ending

Barber: Souvenirs for Orchestra; Adagio for Strings Mahler: Symphonies Nos. 4 and 5

VIOLIN CONCERTO, OP. 14 Composer: born March 9, 1910, West Chester, PA; died January 23, 1981, New York City Work composed: 1939, rev. 1948. World premiere: Eugene Ormandy led the Philadelphia Orchestra, with violinist Albert Spalding, on February 7, 1941. The revised version was first performed by violinist Ruth Posselt, with Serge Koussevitzky leading the Boston Symphony Orchestra, on January 6, 1949. Instrumentation: solo violin, 2 flutes (one doubling piccolo), 2 oboes, 2 clarinets, 2 bassoons, 2 horns, 2 trumpets, timpani, snare drum, piano and strings. Estimated duration: 25 minutes Samuel Barber wrote the Violin Concerto, his first major commission, for Samuel Fels, the inventor of Fels Naptha soap, on behalf Fels’ adopted son, violinist Iso Briselli. Barber began work on the concerto in Switzerland in the summer of 1939, but, due to what he described in a letter as “increasing war anxiety,” Barber left Europe in August and returned home with the final movement still unfinished. At the end of summer 1939, Barber sent the first two movements to Briselli for comment. Briselli was unimpressed, describing them as “too simple and not brilliant enough for a concerto.” Taking these comments to heart, Barber resolved to write a final movement that would afford “ample opportunity to display the artist’s technical powers.” Briselli found fault with this movement as well, calling it “too lightweight” in comparison with



the other movements. In a letter to Fels, Barber wrote, “[I am] sorry not to have given Iso what he had hoped for, but I could not destroy a movement in which I have complete confidence, out of artistic sincerity to myself. So we decided to abandon the project, with no hard feelings on either side.” Barber later approached violinist Albert Spalding, who immediately agreed to premiere the work. Because of all the controversy generated by the third movement, Barber gave the concerto a humorous nickname, the “concerto del sapone,” or a “soap concerto,” a reference both to Fels Naptha and the melodrama of soap operas. Reviews praised the concerto as “an exceptional popular success” and Barber for writing a concerto “refreshingly free from arbitrary tricks and musical mannerisms … straightforwardness and sincerity are among its most engaging qualities.” The late annotator Michael Steinberg called the opening of the first movement “magical,” and goes on to ask, “Does any other violin concerto begin with such immediacy and with so sweet and elegant a melody?” Few works, certainly few concertos, draw the listener in so quickly, and keep our attention focused so completely. The Andante semplice features a heartbreakingly beautiful oboe solo – classic Barber in its yearning – and the violinist answers it with an impassioned yet surprisingly intimate melody that suggests the violin musing aloud to itself in an empty room. The controversial finale, a rondo theme and variations, is particularly impressive. In his program notes for the 1941 premiere, Barber wrote, with characteristic understatement, “The last movement, a perpetual motion, exploits the more brilliant and virtuoso characteristics of the violin.” But as biographer Barbara Heyman points

Classical Series 06 PROGRAM NOTES

out, “This is one of the few virtually nonstop concerto movements in the violin literature (the solo instrument plays for 110 measures without interruption).”

SYMPHONY NO. 1 IN D MAJOR, “TITAN” Composer: Born July 7, 1860, Kalischt, [now Kalište, Jihlava in the Czech Republic], Bohemia; died May 18, 1911, Vienna Work composed: 1884-8, revised 1893-6 World premiere: Mahler conducted the Budapest Philharmonic in Budapest on November 20, 1889 Instrumentation: 4 flutes (three doubling piccolo), 4 oboes (one doubling English horn), 4 clarinets (one doubling bass clarinet), 3 bassoons (one doubling contrabassoon), 7 horns, 5 trumpets, 4 trombones, tuba, 2 sets of timpani, bass drum, cymbals, gong, triangle, harp, and strings. Estimated duration: 56 minutes Like many composers, Gustav Mahler was both drawn to and wary of the notion of program music. Mahler wrestled with the idea of linking his musical ideas with non-musical inspirations, fearing that his first symphony would not be as well received as a piece of “absolute” music. At the same time, the attraction of an underlying narrative as a unifying structure held great appeal for Mahler. The argument for the Symphony No. 1 as program music is strengthened by the fact that much of its musical material was borrowed from other sources. In the first two movements, Mahler used melodies from two of his Songs of a Wayfarer as the basis for elaborate thematic development. In the third movement, he set the folk song “Brother Martin,” better known as “Frère Jacques,” in a somber minor key. In the final movement, Mahler wanders further afield, repurposing material from Liszt’s Dante Symphony and Wagner’s Parsifal. “Composing is like playing with building blocks, where new buildings are created again and again, using the same blocks,” wrote Mahler to a friend. Finally, despite Mahler’s ambivalence about associating his music with a specific program, he did provide one to music critic Ludwig Karpath (something

he later regretted). The Titan Symphony’s overall narrative describes, in Mahler’s words, “a strong, heroic man, his life and sufferings, his battles and defeat at the hands of Fate.” During the 1880s, as Mahler worked on the Symphony No. 1, he made his living as an opera conductor in various regional theatres. Mahler’s demanding performance schedule left him neither time nor energy to compose his own music during the concert season. During his summer vacations, free from theatrical engagements, Mahler devoted himself to composition. Mahler’s use of previously composed music may have also been a practical choice dictated by his limited composing time. At the premiere, in Budapest on November 20, 1889, audiences were disturbed by the third movement, with its ghostly reworking of a children’s folksong in the tempo of a funeral march. Mahler indicated this music was full of “biting irony,” in which “all the coarseness, the mirth and the banality of the world are heard in the sound of a Bohemian village band, together with the hero’s terrible cries of pain.” The loutish parody of the band, complete with oom-pahs, mingles with music taken from another of Mahler’s Wayfarer songs, “Die zwei blauen Augen” (Your Two Blue Eyes), which resembles a melody from Jewish liturgy. In the finale, according to Mahler’s narrative, “the hero is exposed to the most fearful combats and to all the sorrows of the world. He and his triumphant motifs are hit on the head again and again by Destiny…Only when he has triumphed over death, and when all the glorious memories of youth have returned with themes from the first movement, does he get the upper hand, and there is a great victorious chorale!” Destiny intervenes with pounding brasses and timpani, full of Sturm und Drang (storm and stress), but a triumphant brass choir hints at the hero’s ultimate victory, even as he continues to struggle with the forces bent on his destruction. Finally, the chorale bursts forth (some listeners have discerned traces of the Hallelujah Chorus from Handel’s Messiah in it) and concludes the symphony, with the horns standing to play their final triumphant notes. “It’s the most spontaneous and daringly composed of my works,” said Mahler of his first symphony. “Naively, I imagined that it … would have … immediate appeal … How



Classical Series 06 PROGRAM NOTES

great was my surprise and disappointment when it turned out quite differently. In Budapest, where I first performed it, my friends avoided me afterwards … I went about like a leper and an outlaw.” Both critics and audiences reacted negatively at the premiere, with one critic deriding it as a parody of a symphony. The influential Viennese critic Eduard Hanslick was equally harsh: “The new symphony is the kind of music which for me is not music.” Subsequent performances, even after Mahler made substantial revisions, provoked equally strong reactions. More than ten years after the Titan’s premiere, another critic



described the audience’s reaction: “There were startled faces all around and some hissing was heard.” Leonard Bernstein did much to promote Mahler’s symphonies, which were largely unknown in the United States, and conducted them all over the world over the course of his long career. Today, the Symphony No. 1 is Mahler’s most popular and most frequently performed work. © Elizabeth Schwartz


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Wealth Management Retirement Planning Philanthropic Management

Portfolio Manager Financial Advisor 2200 West Main Street Bozeman, MT 59718 406-522-2046 mary.e.howard@morganstanley.com advisor.morganstanley.com/mary.e.howard MT Insurance Lic.#3000567640 NMLS #1842860 Morgan Stanley Smith Barney LLC (“Morgan Stanley”), its affiliates and Morgan Stanley Financial Advisors do not provide tax or legal advice. Clients should consult their tax advisor for matters involving taxation and tax planning and their attorney for matters involving trust and estate planning, charitable giving, philanthropic planning and other legal matters. © 2021 Morgan Stanley Smith Barney LLC. Member SIPC.

CRC 3684329 08/21

This is your

Symphony Orchestra Strings


Woodwinds Brass Percussion


Clarinets & Bass Clarinet

Harp Second Violins

Piccolo & Flutes


First Violins Conductor 88


This is a stage plot of the Bozeman Symphony Orchestra. As you listen, familiarize yourself with the sounds coming from each instrument and notice how we work together to bring the music to life.

The Bozeman Symphony extends its gratitude to David Ross & Risi for generously sponsoring the orchestra during the 2022/23 season.



Trombones & Tuba

Bassoons & Contrabassoon

Oboes & English Horn



Double Basses 406-585-9774



Orchestra Roster

Aromi Park Acting Concertmaster Claudia Albrecht Jason Baide Noah Certalic Hyeri Choi Sarah Church Cherí Ladd LeCain Megan McFadden Jill McJunkin Natalie Padilla Kaitlin Shaw

Angela Espinosa Principal

Sarah Stoneback Principal Daniel Wood Jerry Makeever

Anna Jesaitis Principal Nathan Hallauer Kristina Otfinoski Ashleigh Snider Cindy Stone Ryan Villahermosa Naomi Vliet

Mateo Mendez

Donald Kronenberger Principal

Wendy Bickford Principal Gregory Young

Jeffrey H. Vick Principal

Sue Makeever Principal Kerri Brown

Jeannie Little Principal Andrew Carrillo

Sandy Stimson Principal Kenny Bader

Lisa Stoneham

Dana Dominguez Principal Mark Brown Micah Jastram Christopher Naro Kristofer Olsen Stephen Versaevel

Bruce Kenney Chandra Lind Principal Morgan Araujo Cayley Hunt Charlie Martin Bärbel Pafford Julia Slovarp Lisa Woidtke

April Cooper Tristyn Fleming Max Johnson Cortney Peres W. Scott Stebbins Samantha Vetter



Nicholas Ober Principal Sam Macken

Madeleine Folkerts Principal Elizabeth Schmidt Associate Principal Maria D’Ambrosio Michael Sgrecci

Laurel Yost Principal





String and Percussion sections are seated on a rotating basis


Choir Roster

Suzy VanderVos Section Leader Karen Abelin Amy Carlson Katie Catlett Lila Cebulla Hallie Echols

Kate Gardner Maria Griffing Beth Hilles Maggie Kerr Morgan Kirk Dacia Luedtke Julie Nygren

Sandy Osborne Hannah Rostocki Megan Sheufelt Tamilla Simpson Faith Suhre

Nicole Rosenleaf Ritter Section Leader Sharon Beehler Janice Benham Laura Bennett McKayla Carlson Becky Catlett Vicki DeBoer Diane Dwyer

Ashley George Barbara Good Katherine Hezel Kayte Kaminski Michelina Kazeminjad Christa Merzdorf Nancy Ojala Margie Phillips Luka Samson

Kippy Sands Elly Schwarzkopf Rachel Sigmundstad Ellen Stephenson Carolyn “Rusty” Swingle Sophia Thompson Sara Williams Melinda Yager

Jeff Abelin Section Leader Liam Aippersbach Webster Crist

John Derr Jacob Martin Reggie Mead Pedro Angel Pinardo

Jake Reisig Wesley Rolle John W. Sheppard Matthew S. Sonnichsen

Chip Ritter Section Leader Michael Beehler Mike Boyer Brady Cool Tim Doerges Riley Evans

Charles Franklin Justin Horak Mitchell Larsson Jeff Marker Rick Ojala Marcus Pearson James A. Pritchard

Kurt Prond Jesse Sheppard Quinn Sigler Jonathan Sutton Richard Wilbur Adam Williams Jason Yager

Judith Diana





Supporting the arts throughout Montana and Wyoming


Shelby 90.3

(406) 657-2941 1-800-441-2941 mail@ypradio.org Listen online at ypradio.org

Havre 91.7 Glasgow 91.9

Chester 100.1 Conrad 91.3 Fort Benton 96.1

Wolf Point 88.3

Great Falls 89.5 White Sulphur Springs 88.5 Helena 88.5/106.5 Deer Lodge



Terry 91.9 Forsyth 91.1







Ashland 89.1 Broadus


Red Lodge 89.1 Greybull 91.5

Cody 88.5 Mammoth Hot Springs


Miles City




Bozeman 102.1 Big Sky 96.3 West Yellowstone


Big Timber



Glendive 88.5

Stanford/ Lewistown 89.5

Sheridan 88.1 Buffalo 91.9

Worland 90.7




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F E AT U R E S TO R Y b y D a v i d T h o m p s o n

Why I Give to the

Bozeman Symphony Music has always been a central part of Kippy Sands’ life.

“We recently launched the Bozeman Symphony Growth

She moved to Bozeman in 1976, and not long after, took

Council as a way for local business leaders to invest in

a position as music teacher at the Emerson School (now

Bozeman’s quality of life by championing the performing

the Emerson Center for the Arts & Culture). She retired in

arts in the Greater Yellowstone community,” describes Ken

2003, but over those more than 25 years, she saw firsthand

May, Symphony board member who, along with Director

the power of music.

of Development Michael Wainwright, helped create the

“I firmly believe that music education is very important. There are all sorts of studies that show that kids who are

“We’re in a vibrant commercial community in which we

involved in music are much more likely to succeed and

have many entrepreneurs who’ve been successful and

excel. Music can take the kid who’s the outlier, or who may

are enjoying more success as the economy grows. These

not be the athlete or the most academically oriented, and

forward-thinking employers want inspired, fruitful, happy

help them find their place in the world.”

employees who will stick around and add further value to

Like many Bozeman residents, Kippy feels strongly that music — and specifically the Symphony — is crucial for the ongoing cultural health of the Gallatin Valley. Whatever

their companies and to the community. The potential to partner with the business community in that role is a winwin-win, and exactly why we formed the Growth Council.”

one’s background or beliefs, music can offer a common


language and generate shared emotions through a uniquely

businesses receive tickets and special opportunities, along

dynamic medium.

with brand recognition in publications and online. But for

Longtime supporter of the Symphony Bruce Jodar moved to Bozeman from San Francisco more than three decades






some businesspeople, council membership is motivated from a more inward-focused perspective.

ago, and at the time assumed the quality of classical music

“In this day and age, jobs are not all about just the paycheck.

he enjoyed in the Bay Area would probably not be found in

At the end of the day, I think a lot of people are looking

the mountains of Montana. But, it turns out, he discovered

for things to believe in when it comes to their place of

quite the opposite.

employment,” explains Bert Bartle, VP/Regional President

“Unless people have been to major cities and heard world-

of Opportunity Bank, and a Growth Council member.

class symphonies, I don’t think they can appreciate just

“We’ve had a couple of employees attend concerts last year

how special what we have here in Bozeman really is —

who otherwise probably wouldn’t have really considered

it’s extraordinary,” says Jodar. “The level of quality that

it, but took advantage of our company tickets and just

our musicians produce is just amazing, especially for a

loved the experience — and now they’ll be going back, with

community this size. Kimberlie and I are just thrilled with

their friends and families. Supporting the arts is part of

the direction the Bozeman Symphony is going and happy

Opportunity Bank’s culture and who we want to be as an

to be able to support what they’re doing.”


While the Bozeman Symphony’s current trajectory is

Robyn L. Erlenbush, longtime Bozeman resident and

exciting for audience members and supporters alike,

owner of ERA Landmark Real Estate, has been a personal

Symphony leadership has also been thinking out front,

supporter of the Symphony over the years, and now she’s

having determined that a plan of action was needed to

brought ERA Landmark to the Growth Council as well.

support a sustainable future that fit the vision.


Growth Council concept.


Personally, I’ve always felt that live music feeds the soul and the intellect. And, in a world that is very digitally oriented these days, I still believe that nothing replaces the feeling one gets from live performance.” Robyn L. Erlenbush, ERA LANDMARK REAL ESTATE

“The arts are an integral part of our well-being, and

but at the same time, she holds a fondness for the roots on

Bozeman is very, very lucky to have a vibrant performing

which it’s been built.

arts community that not only draws tourism but also attracts new families along with new commerce to our town,” Erlenbush points out.

“I would hope that, like it is today, the Bozeman Symphony ten or twenty years from now will somewhat be the same — just in the sense that some of the people we see on

“Personally, I’ve always felt that live music feeds the soul

stage would still be our friends and neighbors. I think it’s

and the intellect. And, in a world that is very digitally

a wonderful quality of the Bozeman Symphony that, along

oriented these days, I still believe that nothing replaces the

with exceptional musicians from all over, we get to enjoy

feeling one gets from live performance.”

performances by locals who love it here and love making

Forty-some years after landing in Bozeman, Kippy Sands is

music together.”

excited for what the future of the symphony has in store —



The Underwriters have committed to annual contributions supporting the remarkable achievements of the highly talented musicians living among us, their selfless dedication, and enriching our entire community through music. Please join in thanking the Underwriters for providing a stable and secure base of funding now and for the future. Bill & Katie Anderson

Kimberlie & Bruce Jodar

Dr. Richard & Melanie Sabo

Joseph Anderson

The Kozubal Family

John Sacklin & Mary Hektner

Anonymous, in memory of Martha Drury

Carol Glenn & Sal Lalani

Rick Sanders & Janice Hand

Douglas C. & Jeanie Badenoch

Robert G. Larsen

David & Kippy Sands

Tim & Mary Barnard

Larry & Gail Larson

Thomas J. Scanlin

Michael & Sharon Beehler

William Luehrs

Stephen Schachman & Ritva Porter

Richard & Carol Belgrad

Robert & Nancy Lux

Cliff & Laura Schutter

Elaine Best & Jeffrey Barish

Rob & Lynn Maher

Diane & Lee Selby

Tom & Dale Bray

Ken & Mary May

Richard & Denise Sheehy, Sheehy Family

Peter & Kerri Brown

George S. McClure, Jr.

Elizabeth & Joshua Burnim

Marcia McCrum

Mark & Lori Rosolowsky, Open Sky Artists

Woody A. Burt

Heidi McLoughlin & David Genter

Bill Simkins & Erna Smeets

Jerry & Jan Cashman

Dori McTigue

Jason & Karen Smith

Robert & Annette Carson

Morton H. Meyerson, Morton H. Meyerson

Larry A. Springer

Lee & Ann Chase

Ed Stafman & Beth Lee

Don & Beverly Clark

James & Bernie Mitchell

David & Carolyn “Rusty” Swingle

Ron & Judy Clark

Iris M.L. Model

Beatrice Taylor

Dawn & Kent Collins

Mike & Marsha Montgomery

Ric Tieman & Susan Gibb

Bruce & Christie Copeland

Bruce & Audrey Mueller

Timothy Toohey

Kenneth & Mary Danhof

Don & Marilyn Murdock

Judy Tsiang

Brenda & Swep Davis

George & Kathleen Heitz Myers

Sharon Tudor Isler & Brian Tudor, ERA

Suzanne Day

Keith & Markie Nathan

Michael Delaney & Ileana Indreland

Col. (USA Ret) Mike Mahler, in Loving

Capt. John Derr

Memory of Ellie Mahler

Landmark Real Estate Karin Utzinger, in Loving Memory of Robert Utzinger

Orville & Robyn L. Erlenbush

Valerie Oppenhimer

Jim & Valerie Webster

Sharon Eversman

Steven Ough

Drs. Anne & Dennis Wentz

Donald & Signe Farris

Margaret Perryman

Stuart Whitehair & Lee Stadtlander

Norman & Susie Fleet

Carin Phillips

William A. & Patricia J. Wilson

Karen Gilhousen

Ben & Barbara Phinney

Richard Wolff & Janel Carino

Donald B. Gimbel

Denis & Barbara Prager

Robert E. Yoblonsky & Anthony J. Waller

Jerome & Barbara Glickman

Trish & Tim Preheim

Gregory Young & Elizabeth Croy

Lucian & Jurgita Hand

Skye Raiser & David Perlin

Rick & Melody Zajdel

Mitch & Jan Hobish

Lisa & Keith Reed, Reed Family Foundation

Carolyn Hopper

Lloyd & Joanne Reynolds

Mary Howard & John Terry Wilson

Lynn Rinehart

Mike & Cyndi Huempfner, Five Points

Dr. Charles & Mrs. Kathy Rinker

Foundation John & Donna Hunt


Family Foundation



Robert & Donna Ritchie David Ross & Risi

David Ross & Risi Stephen Schachman & Ritva Porter

Diana Blank Donald B. Gimbel Bruce & Kimberlie Jodar Gary Kunis & Connie Wong Robert & Donna Ritchie

Tim & Mary Barnard Michael & Sharon Beehler Diane L. Brawner Cal & Tricia DeSouza Robyn L. Erlenbush, ERA Landmark Real Estate Kate Hansen Mike & Cyndi Huempfner, Five Points Foundation Gary & Margaret Kachadurian Sal & Carol G. Lalani Ken & Mary May George S. McClure, Jr. Morton H. Meyerson Family Foundation Ben & Barbara Phinney Skye Raiser & David Perlin Lynn Rinehart David & Kippy Sands Lee & Diane Selby Stephanie E. Siegel Karin Utzinger, in memory of Robert Utzinger Drs. Anne & Dennis Wentz Renée & Stuart Westlake Heather White & David Diamond Yellowstone Theological Institute

Douglas C. & Jeanie Badenoch First Security Bank Joanne & Billy Berghold Mike Delaney & Ileana Indreland Sharon Eversman Ron & Judy Clark Gianforte Family Foundation Karen Gilhousen Rob & Lynn Maher Iris M.L. Model Reed Family Foundation

Cliff & Laura Schutter Richard & Denise Sheehy, Sheehy Family Foundation Victoria York

Bill & Katie Anderson Richard & Carol Belgrad Bozeman Health Foundation Thomas & Dale Bray Evelyn Cranston Donald & Signe Farris Norman & Susie Fleet Gilhousen Family Foundation Barbara & Jerome Glickman Mitch & Jan Hobish Carolyn Hopper, in honor of Jerry Makeever and Alan Leech Mary Howard & Terry Wilson Matt & Hope Kapsner, in memory of Adrian and Jackie Kapsner James Kramer & Nancy Smrcka Col. (USA Ret.) Mike Mahler, in loving memory of Ellie Mahler Heidi McLoughlin & David Genter Dori McTigue, in honor of Music Director Norman Huynh Montana Association of Symphony Orchestras (MASO) Montana Cultural Trust Don & Marilyn Murdock George & Kathleen Myers Margaret Perryman Denis & Barbara Prager Lloyd & Joanne Reynolds Charles & Kathy Rinker John Sacklin & Mary Hektner Thomas J. Scanlin Larry Springer Beatrice Taylor Sharon Tudor Isler & Brian Tudor William A. & Patricia J. Wilson Richard Wolff & Janel Carino

Joseph Anderson Anonymous Jecyn Bremer Peter & Kerri Brown Elizabeth & Joshua Burnim Woody A. Burt

Annette & Robert Carson Lee & Ann Chase Don & Beverly Clark Dawn & Ken Collins Bruce & Christie Copeland Cathy Costakis Kenneth & Mary Danhof Suzanne Day Capt. John Derr Kathleen Diamond & Robert Beckwith Joshua & Sally Dickinson Bill & Kathy Gillin Monica Guenther & Terry Anderson Lucian & Jurgita Hand Tamara Havenhill-Jacobs & Chris Jacobs John & Donna Hunt Norman Huynh Al & Ellen Jesaitis Beth Kaeding, in honor of the Cello Section Don Kauffman Kozubal Family Robert Larsen William Luehrs Michael & Andrea Manship Marcia McCrum James & Bernie Mitchell Mike & Marsha Montgomery Bruce & Audrey Mueller Northwestern Energy Valerie Oppenhimer Steven Ough Donna & Mike Patrick Timothy & Leora Paulick Carin Phillips Trish & Tim Preheim Leo Proxell Lori & Mark Rosolowsky, Open Sky Artists Victoria Ryan & Paul Martin Richard & Melanie Sabo Rick Sanders & Janice Hand Dr. Cindy Sharp Bill Simkins & Erna Smeets Jason & Karen Smith Kay & Steve Staal, Denny Menholt Honda Ed Stafman & Beth Lee David & Carolyn “Rusty” Swingle, in honor of Sandy Stimson and Wendy Bickford Richard Tieman & Susan Gibb Timothy Toohey Judy Tsiang Urban Kitchen Karin Utzinger Julie Videon



Jim & Valerie Webster Stuart Whitehair & Lee Stadtlander Robert E. Yoblonsky & Anthony J. Waller Gregory Young & Elizabeth Croy Rick & Melody Zajdel

Amy Andrews Anonymous Tony & Martha Biel Michael Boyer & Colleen Cleary-Boyer Roger & Noreen Breeding Jim Chandler Catherine & Steve Cole Anne Devereux Pat & Diane Dwyer Steven & Carolyn Eagle Gary & Grace France Emily B. Gadd Stephen Guggenheim & Amanda Cater Carol & Patrick Hemingway John & Jane Hodges Larry Huang Barbara E. Lloyd Brian Lojek & Kris Taylor Rob & Lynn Maher, in honor of Carrie Krause, Julia Slovarp, and Sarah Stoneback Mike & Rhoda McCormick Donna Murphrey Thomas & Sheri Riggs Sandra B. Roe Ellen Scott Lee & Diane Selby, in honor of Angella Ahn and Wendy Bickford Raymond & Michele Stinnett David Taylor Jean Wainwright & Ron Kington Ken & Judy Weaver Ralph & Gloria Zimmer

Anonymous Susan Agafonov David & Teri Ball Albert Banwart Anthony J. & Melissa R. Barton Sue Bedell, in memory of Tom Ross The Cello Section Christine Bredberg Charles & Sally Broughton David Bybee, M.D. & Polly A. Coombs, M.D. Betsy Day Jack & Karen Day Douglas Dybvig Dick & Rita Fish Richard Gillette & Susan Hinkins 98


John & Mary Griffith John Heidke, in memory of Barbara Hays Wayne O. & Marilyn R. Hill Susan Hodapp John & Joyce Kamp Ann Kieffaber Jack & Barbara Kligerman Larry & Gail Larson Jack & Tawnie Lehman James Martin Kenneth May & Angela Chenier Susan McCune & Ron McAdams Nan Newton & Dave Grusin Deborah & David Peters Marilyn & Dennis Raffensperger Larry Raffety Chip & Nicole Ritter John & Kathy Ross Leslie Spencer & Jim Huffman Timothy Sullivan Dan & Beverly Triemstra Kathy VanDyke Donna West Peg Wherry Ralph Williams, in memory of Kris Williams Scott Wolf Judy Worley Steve & Mary Lourdes Young

Angella Ahn Gina Albini Ivan Albrecht Nasim Aleagha Dennis Allen Allison Family, in honor of Cheri Ladd LeCain Anonymous Dustin Aschenbeck Shawna Biegel Barbara Bishop Bozeman Brewing Co. Michael & Lisa Burgard Patrick & Susan Byorth Jim Chandler, in honor of Sarah Stoneback Tara Chesley-Preston Rodger Clingman Brian Close Joan & Philip Cory Helena Crawford Jill Cunningham Martha Daiello Tom & Nancy Danaher Sharon Ditterline Diane L. Donnelly Douglas Easterling Edge Construction, LLC Paul & Lynne Elder

Carol & Dave Elliott Helen Flath Janet & Jeff Fox Charles & Tani Fritz Jim Fullan Jim & Bunny Gaffney Carolyn Gilbertson Marilyn & Dan Guggenheim Drewry Hanes Christine & Henry Happel Edith Harrington Bob & Jane Hawks Sarah Helfrich Bob & Marjorie Hickman Linda Hodges Kathleen Hoffman Katherine Hubbard Jon & Berkley Hudson Neil & Debra K. Jamieson Fern Jarmulnek Stacy & Bob Jovick Karro Family Michelina Kazeminejad Kathryn Kelly Steve & Colette Kirchhoff Tom & Jill Kirk Marilyn Kjellen-Rogers Kristina Klaas Richard & Marilyn Klein Julie Kunen Michael Logan Mary Lutgen Connie & Hugh McFadden James W. & Sandra A. McGrath Jill McJunkin Caryle Merrill Kirk & Connie Michels Sylvia & Robb Miller Dick & Val Monroe Mary Ann Nielsen Nordic Brew Works, Inc. Persifor S. Oliver Sandy Osborne Susan Ottsen Charles Paris Michelle Paris Robin Parkinson Erich Pessl & Patricia Cosgrove Charles & Maureen Poremba Randall & Debra Rauh Leslie Reardon & Christopher Crowder Robert Roush Hallie Rugheimer Angela C. Rutherford Michael Ryan Rita Ryan Jeff Sacklin & Mary Hektner Valerie Samii

Craig & Morwenna Schifter Lee & Mary Schulz Evelyn Sheehan Sherry Sims Beach Dick & Jennifer Smith The Spice & Tea Exchange David & Patti Steinmuller Ellen Stephenson Tobin Stewart Jeffrey H. Strickler Randy & Sally Sullivan, in honor of the Trumpet Section Carson & Deborah Taylor Markand Thakar Lisa Trankley James & Pamela Van Lopik Abby Turner M. Vinje Lee Wagner Michael Wainwright & Dr. Chiachi Hwang Gail Weingart & Ed Sedivy Christine & Matt Weinheimer Lynda Williamson & John Hindman Libby & Kegan Wise Robin & Richard Wolcott Jeff & Lauran Yates Richard & Janet Young Michael & Bonnie Zell Caroline Zimmerman

Carolyn Albrecht John Allen Ric Almendinger Zana Anderson Anonymous Steve Atkin John Baden & Ramona Marotz-Baden Sonja Ervin Bahr Charles Bailey Nancy Bailey Samantha Baker Anne Banks John Belshaw Harry & Janice Benham Lisa Bennett Jacob Blaser Gregory Bodwell Jason & Barb Bolte Abigail Bradford Duane & Jane Bradford Libby Bradford Megan & Matt Bradford Sean Bradford Stephanie Breen Sharon Brodie Donna Bullock Frank Carter

Cindi Clingner Ashley Cohen Patricia & Fred Cornelious Linda Curtis Curtis Darrah Mindy DeCosse Judith Diana Heather Doerges LeeAnne French Christine Gandel Wren Garverick Kelsye Gould & Corey Getchell Mike & Gail Hannon Deanna Hanson Connie Harder & John Luth Howard & Susan Heahlke Howard L. Helfman Roxanne Hoblitt Jeff & Bev Hollander Anna Holstrom Emily Hook Pebbles Hwang Daniel & Joleen Ireland Allie Johnson Debra Juretus Kayte Kaminski & Adam Johnson Karon Kelly, in honor of Gary Kunis Warren & Diane Knipfer Carol Koepcke Marvin & Kay Lansverk Deborah Lee Phyllis Lewis Judith Locker Lockhorn Hard Cider Karen Lorance Adam Makhluf James Mannning Myriah Marsh Robin Blanc Mascari Merrilyn Mattson Michelle Maurer Megan McFadden Michael McNeil Larry & Rita Merkel Susan Miller Chris Montano Wendy Morical Roberta Nagan Linda Nallick Bruce Nelson Gerald & LaVonne Nielsen Rick & Nancy Ojala Tina Ovnic Emily & Charlie Martin Colleen Paynich Evelyn Paz Naomi Peterson Linda Pierce Leslie Piercy

Dick & Mary Pohl Kathleen Rabel Charles & Marcia Raches Heidi Reilly Ann Restvedt Christina Reynolds Irene Reynolds Rick Riess Jessica Richards Dario Rodriguez Steinhardt Pamela Ryan Same Page Capital Jason P. Schein / Bighorn Basin Paleo. Institute, in honor of Dr. Sharon Eversman Max Schultz Theresa Schuster Nick Shull Anna Smith Frank Smith Steve Smith Thomas & Donna Smith Haley Solomon Albert & Catherine Spottke Allison Stewart Claudia Streichan Joy Strizich Gretchen Sultzer Mariah Summers Zariah Tolman Florence Van Volkom May Vaughan Karen Vinton Barbara G. Warwood Rosanna Watson Carol Weaver Andria Weber Matthew Wenger Mollie Whisler Sarah White Bob & Phyllis Wiersma Richard Wilbur Heather Williams Sara Williams Kasia Wittie Shana Wold Thyrza Zabriskie We make every effort to list each of our contributors accurately. If you find errors or omissions, please contact us so that we may correct our future listings. Donations reflect gifts and pledges from July 1, 2021-August 29, 2022.



Driven by your support, the Bozeman Symphony

engage audiences of all ages. Your generous

this year celebrates our 55 th season! Access to

support allows the Bozeman Symphony to share

vibrant music is a key part of the cultural fabric

the joy of music with over 15,000 people each

that makes Southwest Montana a special place to

year, fosters artistic creativity, builds community

live, work, and play. Led by Music Director Norman

collaborations, and inspires young minds through

Huynh, the Bozeman Symphony is honored to

educational engagement.

grow and evolve with our community, reaching new demographics, and establishing Bozeman as Montana’s center of artistic excellence.


This season’s vibrant musical journey is only the start of our shared voyage into the Bozeman Symphony’s future: a future marked by creative

When you give to the Bozeman Symphony, you


elevate, inspire, and enrich our community in

opportunities for the community to experience the



wonder of live music in unexpected ways. We hope

musicians, supporting an expanded concert season,

you will join us on this journey by supporting your

and enabling the Bozeman Symphony to creatively

Bozeman Symphony this season.










arts destination and Montana’s center of artistic Make a one-time donation or monthly pledge to the Bozeman Symphony today! Ticket sales cover less than 35% of Bozeman Symphony’s annual budget, and

excellence. customized







opportunities throughout the concert season.

we rely on gifts of all sizes to sustain and grow our presence in the community. Donate online at www. bozemansymphony.org/donate, or by calling 406585-9774.

Including the Bozeman Symphony in your estate plans is a great way to leave an enduring legacy that ensures our community’s cultural vibrancy in decades to come. Planned gifts may be allocated to the Bozeman

Underwriters provide sustaining support for Bozeman Symphony’s future through an annual commitment of $1,200 per month.

Underwriter benefits include

access to our hospitality room at performances with complimentary coat check, beverages, appetizers,

Symphony’s Endowment Fund or directed to an area of programming you most cherish. Additional planned gift options, such as IRA rollovers or gifts of tangible assets, ensure the music we treasure today is enjoyed long into the future.

invitations to private annual receptions, and more! We offer a variety of fun volunteer opportunities Concert Sponsors bring world-class performances to Bozeman by supporting one or more concerts in

all year-long. Contact us to become a Symphony volunteer today!

the Bozeman Symphony’s season. Concert sponsors commit $5,000 or more to support the orchestra, choir, and guest soloists who make each performance an unforgettable experience. Sponsorship benefits are customizable to meet the unique needs of each

Call the Symphony office at 406-585-9774 or email Michael Wainwright, Director of Development, at michael@bozemansymphony.org

individual or business.

Bozeman Symphony’s Growth Council is composed of business leaders who invest in Bozeman’s quality of life by championing the performing arts in our

All gifts receive a tax receipt and are acknowledged in our concert season magazine. Bozeman Symphony is a registered 501(C)3 nonprofit organization. Tax ID #81-6019534.

community. Acting as vital thought partners and community





make an annual pledge of $10,000 or more, and are dedicated to establishing Bozeman as a national



Curiosity for Life.

Join us.

montana.edu/olli • 406-994-6550

Montana is a Symphony!

Support your local symphony and all seven Montana symphonies when you renew your license plate. montanasymphonies.org

Reserve your Korean BBQ experience and order take-out at: ihoskoreangrill.com

321 West Main Street Bozeman, MT 59715 406-404-1653 Next to the Gallatin History Museum behind the blue house

Proud to Support Bozeman Symphony The Gallatin Valley’s preferred funeral service provider for more than 100 years. “There is a difference.” www.dokkennelson.com | 406.587.3184

Harvey Financial Management The way Investment Management Should Be.

Truly Independent: Not Affiliated with any Brokerage. Fiduciary Acting in Your Best Interest Only. Low-cost, No-commission, Custom Retirement and Savings Portfolios Reflecting your Unique Needs, as well as your Personal and Societal Values.

Please call or schedule a free phone, Zoom, or in-person appointment on our website: harveyfinancialmgt.com Tim Harvey, CFA, CPA

7 W. Main Street, #207-1 Bozeman, MT 59715 406-539-0252

The Bozeman Symphony wishes to thank the following volunteers for their past support, and to new volunteers that join throughout the concert season.

Jessica Allred Joni Bailan Ashley Boar Roger Breeding Tina Buckingham Bethany Caball Connie Cade Annette Carson Sara Christensen Kyrie Dawson Joy Dowell Sarah Freedwoman Mary Ellen Freeman Jane Gentholts Hannah Giese Kendra Gillespie Kayla Gnerer Ava Graham Mary Jo Gregory Maya Gotzshe Julia Horst Arleen “Tiny” Hutchinson Amber Ikeman Michelina Kazeminejad



Temia Keel Amy Kinman Lynn Kinnaman Teri Knutson Martin Lawrence Annika Lawrence Phyllis Lewis Paul Martin Steve Marty Hayden Meynders Christa Merzdorf Lawrence Robin Morris Christine Nilsson Patrick O’Neil Barbara Phinney Neil Poulsen Pam Poulsen Christina Reynolds Victoria Ryan Teri Sinopoli Summer Slevin Gonnie Siebel Sarah Sobek Durward Sobek

Judy Sorg Mackenzie Spence Ellen Stephenson Carolyn “Rusty” Swingle Kristina Matthews Marielle Walker BB Webb David Weinstein Carol Weaver Jen Wendel Suzanne Winchester Jill Zergarski

Ray and Kay Campeau Ben and Barbara Phinney Karol Pollok Denis and Barabra Prager Jorie Ready Christina Reynolds David and Kippy Sands Sarah and Durward Sobek Kathy VanDyke

Volunteer with the

Bozeman Symphony Bozeman Symphony volunteers support the activities

of 30-60 volunteers over the course of a weekend!

of the orchestra, symphonic choir, administrative

It truly takes a “volunteer village” and the Symphony

team, and other outreach programs such as Symphony

is tremendously grateful to all of you that have

at the Shane Livingston and other special events.

volunteered and continue to volunteer. If you would

A Bozeman Symphony concert season consists of

like to become a Bozeman Symphony volunteer,

20-plus events each year that rely on volunteer

please visit the Bozeman Symphony website here:

support for success. The Symphony’s concert

bozemansymphony.org/volunteer or contact the

performances at Willson Auditorium engage the help

office at 406-585-9774.

I began volunteering with the Bozeman Symphony about 12 years ago and Neil joined me a few years later. We originally began volunteering simply as a way to watch performances free of charge but very quickly found a wonderful team of volunteers and a dedicated staff that made us want to return season after season. We continue to volunteer with the Bozeman Symphony because of the amazing quality of music it brings to our community and because we feel enriched by our efforts—and because it is so much FUN!! Pam and Neil Poulson

I started volunteering for the Symphony in 2021 after I attended my first concert and fell in love with the Symphony’s mission and music. I wanted to find a way to help others do the same and it’s a bonus getting to attend each concert they put on. They make it so easy and enjoyable to volunteer and show so much gratitude to their volunteers. It’s always a pleasure to interact with each guest and every month I look forward to the next time I get to help out. I will continue to volunteer for as long as I am in Bozeman.” Summer A. Slevin



When the curtain draws on one stage of life,

and a new one begins...

ERA Landmark is here to keep the spotlight on you and your needs. ERALandmark.com

(406)586-1321 | info@eralandmark.com Robyn Erlenbush, CRB, Broker/Owner. Each office independently owned and operated.