RECYCLING PRODUCT NEWS
GETTING THE LEAD OUT
PUBLICATIONS MAIL AGREEMENT NO. 40069270
LEAD–ACID BATTERY RECYCLING A TRUE CLOSED-LOOP SUCCESS STORY FOR TERRAPURE ENVIRONMENTAL PAGE 20 DOUBLING DOWN ON SCRAP AT MRYGLOD PAGE 26 CANADA’S NEW PLASTICS PLAN FOR 2030 PAGE 36 October 2020
All-New Mack LR Electric Â®
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YOU’RE BACK IN THE RACE. ’With the new Micromat cutting system, we were able to significantly increase throughput even with tough materials.’ Jan-Hendrik Wilming CEO Lohner Kunststoff Recycling GmbH Germany
In Vechta, Germany, Lohner Kunststoff Recycling (LKR) knows exactly how to bring industrial plastic waste back to the starting blocks. Jointly owned by Remondis Group, the company has been recycling production waste and surplus since 1992. Today, LKR is a specialised full-service provider that transforms 45,000 metric tons of waste into valuable raw material every year for its customers worldwide. To shred this waste, the company relies on Lindner’s technology – like the Micromat with its new Multiplex rotor. Thanks to the cutting system’s new 3D stepped design, the shredder can produce up to 40% more output, even with tough input material. All the while maintaining Lindner’s signature high flexibility and maximum productivity.
Designing the future of converter processing.
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Sort. Stack. Load. Repeat. Get a tight grip on tough jobs. Contact a dealer today! Doosan® and the Doosan logo are registered trademarks of Doosan Corp. in the United States and various other countries around the world. © ���� Doosan Infracore North America, LLC. All rights reserved.
October 2020 www.recyclingproductnews.com
Experience Matters We’ve been selling MRF equipment for 36 years. As the world has changed, and the material streams with it, we’ve seen what works in MRF solutions. More importantly, we’ve seen what doesn’t work. Our engineers have been with us throughout these decades of research and development. Without a doubt, we have the most experienced team in the industry. When you’re seeking a system to help you reach your goals and that ﬁts your budget, you need a supplier who knows what’s going to work.
That’s why experience matters.
Van Dyk Recycling Solutions 203.967.1100 | vdrs.com | firstname.lastname@example.org
CONTENTS OCTOBER 2020 | Volume 28, Number 7
FEATURES 20 COVER STORY GETTING THE LEAD OUT
For an award-winning, diversified innovator like Terrapure Environmental, closed-loop lead– acid battery recycling is just one of many success stories
26 DOUBLING DOWN ON SCRAP
The Mryglod family business in Saskatchewan adds third material handler in four years to keep up with growth
36 HOW CANADA IS WORKING TO ACHIEVE ZERO PLASTIC WASTE BY 2030
Latest steps include single-use plastics ban and investment in reduction initiatives
38 RETURN-IT FIRST IN CANADA TO DEPLOY CNG HYBRID-ELECTRIC COMPACTION TRUCKS FOR RECYCLABLES
B.C. stewardship organization is taking the next step in reducing operational emissions
46 LAST WORD A GOLDEN OPPORTUNITY TO TAKE BACK THE RECYCLING NARRATIVE
By Marie Binette, director of communications for CARI
26 On the cover: At Terrapure’s facility in Ville Ste-Catherine, on the catwalk between two long-body rotary lead-recycling kilns.
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RECYCLING PRODUCT NEWS
OCTOBER 2020 VOLUME 28, NUMBER 7
EDITOR Keith Barker email@example.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 305 ASSOCIATE EDITOR Lee Toop firstname.lastname@example.org; 604-291-9900 ext. 315 EDITOR IN CHIEF Kaitlyn Till email@example.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 330 DIGITAL EDITOR Slone Fox firstname.lastname@example.org; 604-291-9900 ext. 335
ASSOCIATE PUBLISHER Sam Esmaili email@example.com; 604-291-9900 ext.110 ACCOUNT MANAGER David Gilmour firstname.lastname@example.org; 604-291-9900 ext. 105 ADVERTISING PRODUCTION MANAGER Tina Anderson email@example.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 222 DESIGN & PRODUCTION Morena Zanotto firstname.lastname@example.org; 604-291-9900 ext. 325 CIRCULATION email@example.com; 1-855-329-1909 PRESIDENT / PUBLISHER Ken Singer firstname.lastname@example.org VICE PRESIDENT / CONTROLLER Melvin Date-Chong email@example.com FOUNDER Engelbert J. Baum
18 DEPARTMENTS 12 UPFRONT
16 SPOTLIGHT 20 COVER STORY 26 EQUIPMENT FOCUS: MATERIAL HANDLERS 36 PLASTICS RECYCLING
41 8 Recycling Product News October 2020
HAULING & COLLECTION
42 BEST PRACTICES BRIEF: MAGNETIC SORTING 44 WEB HIGHLIGHTS
Published by Baum Publications Ltd. 124-2323 Boundary Road Vancouver, BC, Canada V5M 4V8 www.baumpub.com Phone: 604-291-9900 • Toll Free:1-888-286-3630 Fax: 604-291-1906 Recycling Product News is published eight times yearly: January/ February, March, April, May/June, July/August, September, October, November/December. Advertising closes at the beginning of the issue month. One year subscription rates for others: Canada $33.50 + 1.68 GST = $35.18; U.S.A. $40; other countries $63.50. Single copies $6.00 + 0.30 GST = $6.30; outside Canada $7.00. All prices are in Canadian funds. Recycling Product News accepts no responsibility or liability for reported claims made by manufacturers and/or distributors for products or services; the views and opinions e xpressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of Baum Publications Ltd. Copyright 2020, Baum Publications Ltd. No portion of this publication may be reproduced without permission of the publishers. Printed in Canada, on recycled paper, by Mitchell Press Ltd. ISSN 17157013. PUBLICATIONS MAIL AGREEMENT NO. 40069270. Return undeliverable Canadian addresses to: Circulation Dept., 124-2323 Boundary Rd., Vancouver, B.C. V5M 4V8; e-mail: baumpublications@ circlink.ca; 1-855-329-1909 or fax: 1-855-272-0972.
FROM THE GROUND UP
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FROM THE EDITOR
challenging times are motivating government spending on diversion that may just make a difference
PEOPLE IN B.C. ARE INCREASINGLY COMMITTED TO REDUCING THE AMOUNT OF WASTE GOING INTO LANDFILLS AND SUPPORTING WAYS TO TURN ORGANIC WASTE INTO USEFUL PRODUCTS LIKE COMPOST.
GEORGE HEYMAN, B.C. MINISTER OF ENVIRONMENT AND CLIMATE CHANGE STRATEGY
n 2020, we have witnessed a tsunami of federal government spending in reaction to specific economic challenges created by pandemic-related shutdowns and disruptions to industries and individuals. Thankfully, so far, we’re not allowing COVID-19 to completely distract us from other important matters that need tending. Since the summer we have seen unprecedented investment, from coast to coast at the federal and provincial level, into improving both organics and plastic waste recovery. On the organics front, in September the B.C. government launched the CleanBC Organic Infrastructure and Collection Program which will provide up to $25 million over three years to communities to help them develop or expand opportunities to divert waste from landfills, including building facilities and implementing curbside collection programs. At the end of September, the Ontario government followed suit by announcing plans to move forward with a plan to reduce food waste going to landfills via changes in their provincial Food and Organic Waste Policy Statement. In part, the changes in Ontario are meant to provide greater clarity and consistency for consumers and businesses on how to deal with organic waste and its packaging. It’s a good start. In Manitoba, the provincial government there has also committed $10 million toward improving recycling and waste diversion programs, including the availability of more than $620,000 in Manitoba Composts Support Payments to private and public compost facilities. The Quebec government topped all,
however, in July, with their plans to invest a whopping $1.2 billion into organics collection and recovery by 2030, including $450 million available immediately through 2021. The plan aims to offer organic matter collection to all Quebec citizens and manage organic matter for 100 percent of industries, businesses and institutions by 2025. By 2030, the plan is to recycle or recover 70 percent of the organic matter targeted and reduce 270,000 tonnes equivalent CO2 per year of greenhouse gas emissions. This kind of investment in organics recovery in Canada is long overdue, necessary in order to achieve lofty diversion targets, and is very welcome by industry stakeholders. Besides the betterment of organics recovery, Canada’s lowly 9 percent recycling rate for plastics, with close to 30,000 tonnes finding its way into our natural environment yearly, is also being addressed through some concrete action by the federal government, which has announced the next steps in the Canada-wide Strategy on Zero Plastic Waste by 2030. Key to this plan, agreed upon by all federal, provincial and territorial governments, is an implementation of bans on single-use plastics, coupled by investment of over $2 million through the Zero Plastic Waste Initiative into 14 Canadian-led plastic reduction initiatives across the country. Another good start. Let’s just hope this kind of positive momentum continues. For a breakdown of regional initiatives related to Canada’s Zero Plastic Waste Initiative, see “How Canada is working to achieve zero plastic waste by 2030” on page 36.
Keith Barker, Editor firstname.lastname@example.org 888-286-3630; 604-291-9900 ext. 305
CANADIAN ASSOCIATION OF RECYCLING INDUSTRIES
10 Recycling Product News October 2020
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Liebherr Wheel Loaders L 550 XPower® L 580 XPower® for industrial applications XPower ® is the new generation of Liebherr’s large wheel loaders. Liebherr XPower ® is an integrated, innovative machine concept that sets new standards in terms of reliability, performance, robust design and comfort. For industrial use, the optional industrial lift arm is the best solution, as it allows large attachments to be fitted for transporting heavy loads. The XPower ® power-split driveline with Liebherr-Power-Efficiency (LPE) achieves a reduction in fuel consumption of up to 30 percent - so you handle more, faster. Liebherr USA Co. Construction Equipment Division 4100 Chestnut Avenue Newport News, VA 23607 Phone: +1 757 245 5251 E-mail: Construction.USA@liebherr.com www.facebook.com/LiebherrConstruction www.liebherr.us/dealers-emt www.liebherr.us
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GFL AWARDED RECYCLING FACILITY OF THE YEAR FOR WINNIPEG MRF
Vaughan, Ontario–based GFL Environmental, which now has operations in nine provinces and 27 states, was named the National Waste & Recycling Association (NWRA) 2020 Recycling Facility of the Year for its MRF in Winnipeg, Manitoba. The award recognizes leading recycling facilities in North America based on key factors such as innovation, sustainability and environmental impact. “We are honoured to be recognized as an innovator in our industry,” said Patrick Dovigi, founder and CEO of GFL. “Our partnership with the City of Winnipeg, combined with our state-of-the-art facility and best practice operators are further examples of this commitment.” The Winnipeg MRF, installed by Quebec-based MRF systems provider Machinex, began operating in October 2019 and was commissioned by the City of Winnipeg to handle residential recycling with additional capabilities to support province-wide recycling programs and meet
evolving demands. At 80,000 square feet, the Winnipeg MRF is comprised of approximately 90 percent automated and 10 percent manual sorting and includes a Machinex SamurAI fully automated sorting robot. According to GFL, the Winnipeg MRF now houses one of the most advanced fibre and plastic recovery systems in Canada and, despite current average contamination rates of approximately 15 percent for inbound materials, their recovery rate is at approximately 90 percent. In 2020, GFL projects the facility will recover over 52,000 metric tons of material from sources across Manitoba, resulting in approximately 121,385 tonnes of CO2 emissions avoided. The facility’s education centre offers tours and sessions to school groups and other members of the public to increase public awareness of the impact of contamination of recycling streams, improve recovery rates and increase diversion from landfill.
HAULING & COLLECTION
MACK’S FIRST LR ELECTRIC DELIVERED TO REPUBLIC FOR REAL-WORLD TRIALS
Mack Trucks has delivered a pre-production LR Electric model to Republic Services to begin in-service trials in the demanding refuse segment. Mack will use key learnings from the trials to further refine the LR Electric as it prepares to start accepting orders for the truck in Q4 2020, with production beginning in 2021. “Mack Trucks is extremely pleased that Republic’s very first fully electric refuse vehicle is the Mack LR Electric,” said Jonathan Randall, Mack Trucks senior vice president of North American sales and commercial operations. “The LR Electric offers numerous benefits, including zero greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and quieter operation.”
Republic will test the LR Electric model in Hickory, North Carolina, on one of its residential recycling collection routes where it will be evaluated for its range, functionality and payload capacity. Featuring a fully electric integrated powertrain, the Republic Mack LR Electric is equipped with two electric motors with a combined output of 536 peak horsepower.
NEWS BRIEFS IMI acquires Walker Group Industrial Magnetics, Inc. (IMI) recently announced the acquisition of Walker Magnetics Group. “We believe the products our respective companies design and manufacture are extremely complimentary and will scale well together,” commented IMI’s Dennis O’Leary. “We fully intend to be a thoughtful steward to the Walker Magnetics legacy and to grow both brands in a meaningful manner.”
12 Recycling Product News October 2020
Wimmer is ALLU’s newest distributor Allu recently appointed Wimmer North America as its newest distributor for the full line of ALLU Transformer, ALLU Crusher and ALLU Processor attachments. Wimmer North America is the general agent for all Wimmer products in the United States and Canada, as well as a specialist in heavy-duty attachments for C&D and waste recycling, construction and a wide range of industries.
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NEW SURVEY AIMS TO DISPEL ONTARIO TIRE RECYCLING MYTHS
NEW SWANA REPORT ANALYZES RECOVERY OPTIONS FOR NON-RECYCLED PLASTICS
The Solid Waste Association of North America’s (SWANA) Applied Research Foundation (ARF) recently conducted important research on energy recovery options for non-marketable plastic recyclables, as well as plastics that are not typically targeted for recycling. The resulting report, Energy Recovery Options for Non-Recycled Plastic Discards, reviews three system options that are available to solid waste managers for the recovery of energy from non-recycled waste plastics, including plastics-to-fuels (PTF) systems, nonwaste fuel (NWF) systems and waste-to-energy (WTE) systems. “SWANA continues to be at the forefront of identifying solutions to challenging solid waste issues, and this important new report provides useful information and data to solid waste managers and their communities,” stated David Biderman, SWANA executive director and CEO. “We need to develop new markets for discarded plastics, as new restrictions on the trans-boundary movement of these materials take effect in January 2021.”
KRS to help Sesotec strengthen recyclables sorting business in North America As part of a new focus strategy Germany-based Sesotec’s sorting recycling business in North America will be handled entirely by KRS Inc. out of Niagara Falls, New York. KRS has been responsible for Sesotec’s glass recycling business in North America for more than ten years and is now responsible for all service and sales of Sesotec sorting systems for the recycling industry in Canada and the U.S. According to Rich Wielgus, CEO of KRS Inc., his team is highly experienced in the field of optical and inductive sorting systems for use in the recycling industry.
A recently released survey conducted by eTracks Tire Management Systems, an Ontario-based company that works with tire producers to meet their regulatory obligations for recycling tires, is looking to dispel the myths and misinformation about the tire recycling industry. The survey revealed that only one-third of Ontarians know that, in Ontario, tires are recycled. Nearly half of Ontarians do not know whether they’re recycled or thrown into landfills, and a surprising 1.5 million adult residents in Ontario do not believe tires are recycled at all. In reality, tire manufacturers and automakers are responsible for recycling every tire they sell in Ontario, yet only 32 percent know this is the case. The good news is that 81 percent agree that purchasing recycled products helps to combat climate change. “Regardless of some of these knowledge gaps and myths, it’s encouraging to know Ontarians want to help the environment,” said Steve Meldrum, CEO of eTracks Tire Management Systems. “And while the survey shows that knowledge of the tire recycling industry is mixed, there’s an opportunity to use these results as a tool to change perceptions and help eliminate misinformation.”
October 2020 www.recyclingproductnews.com
THAILAND PASSES STRICT BAN ON IMPORTATION OF ELECTRONIC WASTE
REPUBLIC NAMED NWRA 2020 ORGANICS RECYCLER OF THE YEAR
Following repeated dumping by countries including the U.S., Germany, Japan and Australia, the Thai government has passed a full prohibition on the import of hazardous electronic waste into the country. Environmental groups, including BAN (Basel Action Network) that had been calling for such a ban for several years have applauded the move, but now call for vigorous enforcement of the law, the addition of plastic wastes, and the ratification by Thailand of the Basel Convention’s Ban Amendment. Further, they urge all other countries in the region to do likewise. “We are very happy to see this law finally in force in Thailand but we remind the world that Thailand is still seen as the dumping ground for plastic and other wastes by brokers in Hong Kong and the U.S.,” said Akarapon Teebthaisong of Ecological Alert and Recovery Thailand (EARTH). “Further, we must remain vigilant against actors that will ignore this new law, both inside and outside of the country.” “To avoid their territories being exploited by global waste dumpers, it is vital that countries in Asia, Latin America and Africa prohibit all manner of plastic and hazardous wastes as China has done,” commented BAN director Jim Puckett. “Once your country and countryside becomes a target of the global waste traders it is too late to prevent the destruction they can cause, of ground water, to air quality and the local food supply.”
Republic Services has won the National Waste & Recycling Association 2020 award for Organics Recycler of the Year. The NWRA says this year’s award recognizes Republic’s leadership in diverting food and yard waste from landfills through food recovery, organics preprocessing and composting, all of which have greatly contributed to the circular economy. Republic Services currently operates 11 compost facilities in five states, including California. “Republic’s efforts to process 1.7 billion pounds of yard and food waste into 275,000 tons of compost in 2019 is worthy of this award,” commented Darrell Smith, NWRA president and CEO. According to Pete Keller, vice president of recycling and sustainability for Republic, “The organics industry is an emerging sector providing tremendous potential for us to both grow our business and strengthen the circular economy. We are proud to be leading the way in the industry.”
LI-CYCLE RECOGNIZED BY WORLD CIRCULAR ECONOMY FORUM
On September 29, Ontario-based Li-Cycle was named one of the Inspiring Circular Economy Solutions from Around the Globe by the 2020 World Circular Economy Forum Online, held in Finland. Li-Cycle Technology is a closed loop, economically viable, safe, sustainable and scalable processing technology that provides a solution to the global lithium-ion battery recycling and resource recovery problem. The technology recovers 95 percent of all materials found in lithium-ion batteries, and Li-Cycle has completed numerous stages of research and development, along with physical validation workstreams, to successfully roll out its first Commercial Spoke and Demonstration Hub in Ontario. The company is also currently in the process of building Commercial Spoke 2 in Rochester, New York, and will then continue to execute its commercial rollout plan in North
14 Recycling Product News October 2020
America, Europe and Asia. Founded in 2016 by Ajay Kochhar and Tim Johnston, Li-Cycle is committed to closing the loop in the lithium-ion battery supply chain, providing a full-service resource recovery solution for all types of lithium-ion batteries used in electronic devices, e-mobility, electric vehicles and energy storage.
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FRONTLINE MACHINERY IS LATEST DISTRIBUTOR IN CANADA FOR TEREX ECOTEC
Terex Ecotec has named Frontline Machinery as the official distributor for Ontario and Manitoba. Frontline will distribute and service Terex Ecotec’s line of wood processing, biomass and recycling machinery and systems including shredders, trommels and other recycling screens, waste handlers, windrow turners and conveyors. “Frontline Machinery is a proven dealership across Canada’s material processing industries and Terex Ecotec’s product range aligns with Ontario and Manitoba’s strong environmental and recycling markets,” said George Wilcox, North American sales and marketing director for Terex Ecotec and CBI. “We’re excited to increase Terex’ partnership with Frontline Machinery and have full confidence in their ability to serve customers and represent our equipment.”
RECYCLESMART EARNS TOP RANKING FOR IOT WASTE COLLECTION INNOVATION
RecycleSmart, with three-year revenue growth of 178 percent, has earned a spot on the Globe & Mail Canada’s Top Growing Companies list for 2020. By using innovative technology solutions to analyze all aspects of waste and recycling management for businesses across Canada, RecycleSmart’s approach is based on the use of state-of-the-art Internet of Things (IoT) sensors placed in waste and recycling bins to collect real-time data. RecycleSmart “waste wizards” then use sophisticated analytics and industry expertise to analyze waste and recycling data, and on-the-ground field techs maintain the fleet of IoT sensors and provide on-site waste audits.
PO Box 29, Corning, Iowa • Fax (641) 322-3527 • email@example.com
641-322-4220 • www.BrownBearCorp.com • www.youtube.com/c/Brownbearcorp
Brown Bear proof.indd 26
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October 2020 www.recyclingproductnews.com
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INNOSORT FLAKE COMBINES OPTICAL SENSORS AND NIR FOR POLYOLEFIN PLASTICS RECYCLING
TOMRA’s newly updated Innosort Flake, part of the company’s “Symphony of all Sorts” concept for sensor-based sorting of plastics and other materials, is now wider at 2 m (78.7 inches), and uses Near Infrared (NIR) Flying Beam technology to sort and separate polyolefins (PO), including both polyethylene and polypropylene plastics, to very high levels of purity. This machine uses dual full-colour camera technology to deliver very high throughput for plastics recyclers and, according to TOMRA, Flying Beam is the only NIR technology on the market that offers automatic continuous signal correction to deliver the most stable and reliable sorting performance, along with the lowest maintenance and energy consumption. William Zeng, Innosort Flake product manager at TOMRA Sorting Recycling, commented, “We are delighted to be the first in the industry to combine a dual, full-colour camera and NIR PO-specific
sensor together in one machine, in our new Innosort Flake solution. Even if the flakes have a different colour on each side, they can be sorted as required.” He continued, “The unit’s highly flexible modular design allows for up to four chutes to work independently from each other, and the 2 m width allows for multiple sorting steps to be applied on the same machine and at the same time, such as re-sorting (sorting a second time) and recovery. “It’s a very exciting development in plastics recycling, which we’re proud to be at the forefront of.”
QUALITY CERTIFICATION FOR RECOVERED PAPER BUYERS AND SELLERS
PRESONA INTRODUCES HIGH-CAPACITY, SELF-OPTIMIZING BALER
The new MP 270 MH baler from Sweden-based Presona uses a design concept that allows for very high capacity while being cost effective and selfoptimizing, meaning that a single unit can potentially replace several smaller balers at a significantly lower cost. “In practice, we have put a turbocharger on a baler. I think we are the first in the world to do that,” says Stefan Ekström, CEO of Presona. According to Presona, the secret to MP 270 MH’s high performance is its parallel processes and self-optimization. When material that is to be compacted falls into the baler, its density is automatically measured and the baler optimizes itself and pre-compresses the material to 200 kg/m3. The material is then moved to the main press which creates finished bales while new material is simultaneously being pre-compressed.
16 Recycling Product News October 2020
A new product for inspecting and certifying the quality of recovered paper utilizes the BaleVision quality inspection and data analytics platform from merQbiz, combined with a new BaleFacts report that provides quality certification, is designed to be a valuable tool for recyclers. The solution is meant to give mills and other customers confidence in product quality and recyclers and other suppliers accurate data to negotiate true market pricing and successfully close transactions. According to merQbiz, multiple recyclers are running trials using what the company calls a “Confidence in Supply” (CIS) and “Confidence in Export” (CIE) solution. Similar to “car facts” reports used in the auto industry, BaleFacts quality certification provides detailed data about RCP shipments based on a sample of inspected bales. The report documents the material inspection date, paper grade, shipment tonnage, bale identification numbers, content breakdown, a photo of each bale inspected and average content breakdown of the overall shipment.
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NEW FEEDER STACKERS BOOST STOCKPILING EFFICIENCY
McCloskey International has introduced a new portable, highvolume feeder stacker to its lineup – the SF50. Versatile for use across industries, SF50 Feeder Stackers facilitate the handling and stockpiling of high-volume materials including C&D waste, compost, aggregates and sand. Materials can be fed into the hopper with large loaders and excavators, combining the efficiency of a high-capacity hopper with a stacking conveyor, and variable speed prevents material from building up, allowing for more controlled flow of material. Other key features of SF50 include tracked mobility, easy transportability and a variety of power options.
SORTER RETROFIT ALLOWS FOR UPGRADEABILITY
Maximize your Stainless Steel Recovery with Bunting’s Stainless Steel Separation Conveyor (SSSC) • Patented High-intensity Neodymium Magnetic Circuit magnets deliver intense power to pull out Shredded stainless steel. • Remove up to 94% of large fraction stainless steel and up to 98% of small and mid-fraction 300 series stainless steel. • Achieve higher product purity and the greatest scrap metal recovery profitability with the SSSC. • Our engineers will test your material and design your specific SSSC System to suit your exact needs. 800.835.2526 or 316.284.2020 Sales.Newton@BuntingMagnetics.com Visit BUNTINGMAGNETICS.COM
Upgradeability is a vital component of Pellenc ST’s Mistral+ sensorbased sorting technology, and now includes the CNS (Central Nervous System) a new electronic and software platform designed to integrate future sensors and technologies. Available for all Mistral+ machines, this CNS retrofit opens up new possibilities in terms of sorting, according to Pellenc. Among other features, the new CNS uses software called “Advanced Classification” which makes it possible to separate more complex materials, such as PET bottles and trays, or better distinguish paper and cardboard. At the same time, Pellenc’s new option called “Profile Detection” is designed to eliminate carbon black objects or inert materials invisible in the near-infrared spectrum, improving the overall purity of recovered fractions in negative sorting.
SPOTLIGHT VERMEER EXPANDS ELECTRIC-POWERED LINE OF TROMMEL SCREENS
Vermeer has expanded its electric-powered recycling product line with the addition of the new TR5300EM trommel screen designed to reduce exhaust emissions, noise levels and maintenance. Powered by an industrial-duty, fan-cooled 60-hp (44.7-kW) electric motor, this new trommel delivers a drum speed of 0–24 revolutions per minute to handle multiple material types, including compost, topsoil and wood waste. The quiet operating TR5300EM also features a low hopper infeed with a capacity of 5.5 cubic yards (4.2 m3) and includes new service and operating enhancements. According to Jay Van Roekel, product manager for Vermeer Recycling and Forestry products, the demand for electric equipment to process organic material is growing, and the TR5300EM complements the line of electric recycling and processing equipment Vermeer produces. “Many of our horizontal and tub grinders are available
with electric motors, as well as the TR626EM trommel screen,” he explained. “The TR5300EM is a more compact unit than the TR626EM, making it an excellent option for processing facilities located in urban environments and companies looking to reduce emissions and maintenance.”
PRI-MAX PRIMARY REDUCERS UPGRADED FOR EASIER SERVICING AND USE
SSI Shredding Systems has implemented new patented technologies and features across the company’s entire PRI-MAX product line which are designed to substantially decrease maintenance costs and improve ease of use. Achieving processing rates of up to 150 tph, PRI-MAX primary reducers can be used as a primary shredder or as a stand-alone machine, with models ranging from 200 to 600 hp. According to Dave Fleming, SSI director of sales and marketing, the latest upgrade will revolutionize how operators and technicians service their machine as well as drastically decrease downtime related to wear parts. For example, a new, patented heavy-duty “cartridge” cutting table allows the entire wear parts package to be replaced without the need to remove the drive group, bearings or hydraulic connections. “We wanted to make the PRI-MAX more like the rest of our shredders so customers only have to replace the wear parts,” Fleming said. “Our newest patent is our “stackable shaft” design which has a proprietary cutter locking system that can withstand the severe environment the PRI-MAX is commonly employed in.”
18 Recycling Product News October 2020
BACE ECOSYSTEM AVAILABLE FOR OEM BALERS AND COMPACTORS
BACE has launched the first-ever fully integrated ecosystem for balers and compactors that allows data, analytics and reporting to be integrated on all OEM machines. “The BACE Ecosystem marries our innovative technology platform, IntelliBACE, with any manufacturers’ balers and compactors,” explained Frederick Waite, BACE CEO. “By determining the weight of material in a baler, the BACE Ecosystem helps customers obtain the maximum bale and transport weight to achieve their revenue goals, while reducing labour and bale-tie expenses.” Key highlights of the BACE Ecosystem include weight-based scaling for accuracy, real-time access to information, warranty and training videos, revenue and expense tracking, stand-alone cellular communications, and automatic notification for haulers for efficient pickup.
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ALL-NEW 49X IS LATEST VOCATIONAL MODEL FROM WESTERN STAR
At the end of September, Western Star introduced the all-new 49X, its next-generation vocational truck built from the ground up to meet the needs of the most demanding applications, from waste and recycling to oilfield service. This truck includes a stronger, lighter chassis and is equipped with an all-new X-series cab, all-new Detroit DT12 Vocational series of transmissions and the Detroit Assurance suite of safety systems. “With the 49X, Western Star delivers on our promise of tough, while introducing segment-first safety features, an operatorfocused experience and easier upfit solutions that will keep our customers’ businesses running smoothly,” said David Carson, senior vice president, vocational segment, Daimler Trucks North America.
SMART NON-FERROUS SEPARATOR SUITABLE FOR ANY MATERIAL FLOW
Goudsmit Magnetics recently upgraded their line of Eddy Current Separators for non-ferrous with some mechanical improvements, a more modular design and a new “smart” control unit that can optionally be expanded with an IOT (Internet of Things) module, making the machine suitable for almost any product flow. Using smart module combinations, units can be customized to separate nonferrous materials from a wide range of material streams, including glass, bottom ash and wood. In addition, the new IOT module sends all important data to a dashboard at the machine, allowing operators to see what the performance of a machine is at a glance. The internet connection also offers the option of remote assistance, with the Goudsmit service team available online to monitor, resolve any malfunctions and carry out software updates.
FRACTIONATE SPLIT YOUR MATERIAL STREAM A successful MRF design starts with mechanically splitting large volumes of inbound material into similarly sized streams. We do this with our primary Auger Screen. It fractionates material prior to the presort which creates a parallel process, reduces volume on the traditional presort, improves worker safety while reducing headcount and increases downstream machine efficiencies.
fewer, safer and more productive people
60% material bypasses traditional presort
CP DESIGN PRINCIPLES FRACTIONATE material into similar streams
LIBERATE 2D material from 3D
We don’t just manufacture machines, we engineer solutions
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20 Recycling Product News October 2020
TTING THE LEAD OUT FOR AN AWARD-WINNING, DIVERSIFIED INNOVATOR LIKE TERRAPURE ENVIRONMENTAL, CLOSED-LOOP LEAD–ACID BATTERY RECYCLING IS JUST ONE OF MANY SUCCESS STORIES
BY KEITH BARKER, EDITOR
The furnace at Terrapure Environmental, where recovered lead is “baked” for resale to battery manufacturers.
etween two dedicated recovery and recycling operations, one in Ontario and one in Quebec, Terrapure Environmental processes about 225,000 metric tonnes (500 million pounds) of lead–acid batteries yearly, of which about 75 percent are automotive. According to Ross Atkinson, senior VP, lead recycling, and an employee for over two decades, “Our volumes are massive. We process about 8 million units per year or about 12,000 full transport trucks of lead–acid batteries,” which he says are currently worth approximately $20,000 per truckload. Outside of automotive batteries, about 10 to 15 percent of their incoming volume is forklift lead– acid batteries, which are used in part for counterweights on those machines and are very large and heavy. “They’re huge 2,000-pound batteries, whereas an auto battery is 35 to 40 pounds.” Terrapure also takes in a wide range of smaller batteries, such as backup power batteries used for institutions and commercial facilities such as banks, and for remote power, as well as smaller consumer non-lead alkaline and lithium-ion batteries. (Which get mixed into their incoming streams and which they do not recycle, but sort and send to specialized recyclers.) Lead–acid battery recycling is only one of Terrapure Environmental’s core competencies. Born out of what was once the industrial division of Calgarybased Newalta, the energy industry waste and environmental services specialist since merged into Tervita, Terrapure now has over 2,000 employees – doubled from when it started in 2015. The company operates about 70 locations across Canada, with headquarters in Burlington, Ontario, and regional offices in Quebec, Nova Scotia, B.C. and Alberta. “We’ve certainly had some good organic growth, and have grown a lot through acquisition,” explains
Greg Jones, managing director, communications & public affairs for Terrapure. He says in basic terms that their business is focused around helping industrial customers minimize waste and realize the full potential for recovery of value from their waste, and is separated into two main divisions. The first is environmental solutions, which consists of industrial waste management, including both wastewater and solid waste collection, transportation and disposal, as well as industrial site remediation and cleaning services, dredging, dewatering, chemical and tank cleaning, and hazardous waste management. The second side of Terrapure’s business is in resource recovery and recycling, with a focus on organics and biosolids, used oil and lead–acid batteries. Out of their 70 locations, they operate only one landfill which is in Stoney Creek, Ontario. This, Jones says, makes their company different from many competitors whose businesses are much more based on disposal, incineration and landfilling. They are also unique in the range of services they offer. “We have lots of competitors in different parts of our business, but there is no one competitor for us that offers the breadth of services and integrated national scope that we do.”
CREATING AWARD-WINNING CLOSED LOOPS FOR LEAD–ACID BATTERIES
According to Atkinson, through efficient, established, closed-loop recycling systems such as theirs, about 99 percent of all lead–acid batteries produced in North America are collected for recycling. Terrapure recovers over 80 percent of the valuable materials from each battery they collect – mostly lead and plastics. From those recovered materials, over 95 percent are exported back to large-scale battery manufacturers for use in making new products, almost all of which are in the U.S., and are the same companies that send Terrapure their used lead–acid October 2020 www.recyclingproductnews.com
COVER STORY batteries for recycling. It is as close to a 100 percent closed-loop model as it gets. “Lead–acid batteries are a very valuable commodity,” Atkinson says. “It’s among the highest recycled waste in the world and is really an amazing recycling story.” Terrapure Environmental has won multiple industry awards since 2015 for their innovation, environmentally friendly practices, safety and community involvement. Earlier this year, they won an Environment and Energy Leader Award for their partnership with East Penn, their largest used battery supplier and end market for recovered plastic and lead. East Penn runs a site in Pennsylvania with about 8,000 employees manufacturing lead–acid batteries, and they have a solid, well-established recovery operation there. According to Atkinson, “We have a really good relationship with East Penn and have for years. Basically, they collect batteries in their network all across North America. A large majority of the batteries collected, certainly all the batteries in Canada and a number of the spent batteries they collect from the northern U.S., come into our facilities – one in Mississauga and one in Ville Sainte-Catherine on the south shore of Montreal. “It’s really a beautiful system. It’s all lead–acid batteries, predominantly auto batteries, which are transported up to our sites. We process them and recover
Used lead–acid batteries for recycling. more than 80 percent of their value. “We send East Penn back the metal and plastics recovered from the batteries, and then they incorporate that material directly back into their processing. Because of this, they don’t need a vast amount of costly, mined virgin material.”
THE PRICE OF RECOVERED LEAD
There are really two market prices to consider in the lead–acid battery recycling business. One is associated with the purchase of spent lead batteries on the open market, and the second is the price for tolling of batteries whereby battery manufacturers arrange to collect batteries and send them to recycling plants to be processed for a fee. This is how it works between Terrapure and East Penn, for example. “We employ both these methods to operate in an economically viable system,” says Atkinson. “Tolling is a more predictable system, but does not cover
1 Year Lead Spot
Lead commodity pricing, from London Metal Exchange (LME), which as of October 6, 2020, was about 80 US cents/pound. Over one year the price fluctuated by about 30 US cents/pound and has a number of peaks and valleys. Notably, this past spring prices were low, likely due to the impacts of COVID-19 shutdowns, and started to rise through the summer as business started to return.
USD / lb
22 Recycling Product News October 2020
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all the batteries that need to be recycled in the marketplace.” Global lead pricing, as tracked by the London Metal Exchange (LME), was about 80 US cents/pound as of the start of October 2020. The one year trend (shown in the graph below) shows the price of lead fluctuated by about 30 US cents/pound over the year and had a number of peaks and valleys. According to Atkinson, this range of fluctuation has been fairly typical for lead over the last five years, but the price is very difficult to forecast as there are many influencing factors, including speculation, world economy, demand for lead and physical stock on the world market. As of the start of October, the purchase price for lead–acid scrap batteries (essentially a commodity in and of itself) on the open market was about 53 US cents/pound, sold as metal, which Atkinson says, “really does not give us much room to process batteries and
receive a reasonable return.” He adds that COVID-19 very likely impacted demand this year, as lead prices were notably low during shutdowns in the spring of 2020 and started to rise again when business started to return through July and August. More recently, since the start of September, the price has been dropping toward its lowest of the year. “Although demand for lead in North America is reasonable at this time, it is likely that factors other than the pandemic, such as speculation and perhaps the U.S. election, will significantly impact lead prices through 2020. We have to be very prudent in our purchasing and buffer the risk of the lead price dropping substantially.”
TERRAPURE’S BATTERY RECYCLING PROCESS
Atkinson describes their process for recovering used lead–acid batteries, which come into their facility typically shrink-wrapped on skids. These
are commonly piled in three layers, with between 50 and 80 auto batteries, with cardboard between each layer, at roughly 3,000 pounds per skid. “Those are shipped in by transport trucks, received at our facility, weighed and segregated depending what type of battery they are,” explains Atkinson. “Then at both our battery recycling facilities we use similar equipment for processing. We typically receive on what’s called a battery tipper after we’ve weighed incoming material. It is tipped into vibrating conveyors and we have one picking station where there is a person that will remove any residual cardboard, shrink wrap plastic, nonconforming batteries [such as non-lead batteries] or any materials [such as stainless steel] that could harm our process.” Batteries are cut up into chunks with a shredder so they can be drained of acid. The drained acid is disposed of and they are left with what Atkinson calls the solids: comprised mainly of lead and plastic, which are then run through a
high-speed fine grinding hammermill. “The 1,800-rpm hammermill breaks a battery into very fine parts that we can then sort both by gravity and hydrodynamic separation, using water and density,” he says. From lead–acid batteries, there are two main types of plastics captured: polypropylene (PP) and polyethylene (PE). Terrapure recovers 100 percent of the polypropylene, washes it, prepares it and sends it back to the manufacturer where it is reintroduced directly into new batteries. Atkinson says the other plastic is a rubber and polyethylene blend material that holds in place a series of plates that the batteries are composed of. “That material is recovered, separated and used as auxiliary fuel in the battery manufacturers’ smelting process.” Besides plastic, the solids of lead–acid batteries consist of two main types of lead. What Atkinson calls the “gold” of the battery, the high-value lead, is about 92 percent pure. It’s recovered from the posts, connectors and grid of
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Fernando Vera at Terrapure’s Tonolli Canada finished goods warehouse in Mississauga.
LEAD–ACID BATTERIES ARE A VERY VALUABLE COMMODITY. IT’S AMONG THE HIGHEST RECYCLED WASTE IN THE WORLD AND IS REALLY
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a battery and comprises about 30 percent of the battery weight. “Once this is separated, it’s a very simple smelting operation to basically melt it down and recover it.” He describes the second lead component, called paste, as more of a challenge chemically. “It’s lead oxide and lead sulfate paste, which is really the material that allows a charge to move back and forth through the battery.” In their smelting operation, they put recovered paste into 1,100-degrees Celsius rotary type furnaces and add iron, soda ash and coal. “That basically pulls any of the non-lead or non-metallic material out of the paste,” continues Atkinson. “Mostly it’s sulfur.” The smelting process also results in a metallic intermediate metal (about 95 to 96 percent lead mixed with minor metals including tin, antimony and selenium). This intermediate metal from the furnaces is run through a further series of refining stages to remove any remaining fine metals, to make finished, pure product (about 99.97+ percent pure). Or, sometimes the mixed minor metals in their lead are retained if they are making a custom-specified lead for a customer. According to Atkinson, the lead refining process is something like baking. “We use oxygen and various chemicals, mixed with lead at different processing temperature to refine the lead. We end up with beauti-
24 Recycling Product News October 2020
ful, 2,000-pound blocks of pure lead, or 65-pound ingots. We’re shipping out a massive amount of this product, direct to battery manufacturers.” He emphasizes that the output of their lead is very close to 100 percent pure. “It really looks beautiful and has crystals on top of it. It looks so nice that in the past thieves have stolen it because they thought it was titanium or something extremely valuable. “They end up stealing it and it’s sitting in a transport truck and then they realize what it is and they don’t know what to do with it, and it’ll cost just as much to remove it. Granted, as lead prices have gone up, it’s becoming more of a valuable commodity.”
CHANGING TIMES, CHANGING WASTE FOR GOOD
In part because their battery recycling business relies on regular, consistent cross-border transactions, COVID-19 has posed some extra challenges for Terrapure this year. Recalling this past spring Atkinson says, “Batteries were not being collected, nobody was driving cars and so the business kind of came to a halt. “The good thing is that our industry, both our clients and ourselves, really adjusted well in terms of putting up all the protocols to manage COVID-19. We really have got back rolling, and starting in July and August the industry has basically
come right back. “We’re not out of the woods, of course,” Atkinson adds. “Everybody continues to be extremely diligent and concerned, but business is rolling again.” Going forward, he says they face a few other notable challenges, including ongoing safety issues with lithium-ion batteries in their incoming streams. Safety is a top priority for Terrapure, and according to Atkinson, compared to the explosion hazard related to lithiumion batteries, lead–acid batteries are relatively very safe to process and have only a remote chance of causing a fire (via short if two live batteries are packaged with the opposite poles touching). Lithium-ion batteries, however, can cause a violent reaction, and it remains one of their largest safety hazards. “They get mixed in with our materials, which is why we’ve got people watching very carefully to make sure lithium-ion batteries do not enter our breaking process,” says Atkinson. “There is potential for explosions.” He relates one cautionary tale about a recycler in the U.S., where they reported having a 1,000-pound steel door blown off of their hammermill, 100 feet across their plant, due to a lithium-ion battery explosion. “Our industry right now is trying to negotiate with the lithium-ion manufacturers to create a battery that is noticeably different, either in colour or some other way, so we can better handle the risk,” Atkinson says, adding that they are also developing a lithium-ion detector in-house for their plant so they can make sure none get through. “That’s in the works. I don’t know how quickly it will happen, but I would say in the next three to five years, we will have something in place.” Another major challenge for Terrapure currently has to do with their international competition operating at low costs due to a disparity of regulatory complexity for recycling lead–acid batteries between North America and many countries. “In North America it’s no longer necessarily a level or balanced, competitive playing field between us and some global operations,” comments Atkinson. “Here we have extensive resources for protection of the environment and our
workers, and have spent a huge amount of money on that at our operations. But in probably the last five years there’s been a greater and greater amount of shipping of batteries offshore. “Some offshore operations are certainly not modernized or regulated like ours and so their cost structures are much less demanding. North Americans are able to export used batteries at a very low cost, and that’s started to create a concern for our industry in general and for ourselves.”
Atkinson continues, “It goes against the principles about what we should be doing in Canada, which is firstly handling our own waste. It also could in the long run affect our viability if we’re allowing less regulated competitors to operate at low cost.” Because we operate in a world economy, he adds that it would be unreasonable to suggest that all lead–acid batteries be kept within North America. However, Continued on page 42
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EQUIPMENT FOCUS: MATERIAL HANDLERS
DOUBLING DOWN ON SCRAP THE MRYGLOD FAMILY SCRAP BUSINESS IN SASKATCHEWAN ADDS THIRD SCRAP HANDLER IN FOUR YEARS TO KEEP UP WITH GROWTH BY JOSH HAFNER
hen Mryglod Steel & Metals, based in Weyburn, Saskatchewan, bought its first Doosan material handler in 2016, the family-owned business had a 10-acre yard backed up with steel, aluminum and copper. They needed to sort slews of scrap metal as efficiently as possible, and its new DX300MH-5 proved up to the task. Four years later, the business has grown significantly, and its Doosan fleet has grown with it. Their initial purchase, a DX300MH-5 material handler from Bobcat of Regina, performed so well that the family picked up a second Doosan material
26 Recycling Product News October 2020
handler, a DX225MH-5, in 2017. That’s also when the Mryglods expanded to a second location, a 3-acre yard in Regina. Earlier this year, the business swapped out their four-year-old DX300MH-5, their first Doosan material handler, after 9,000 hours of smooth service, for a new DX300MH-5 model. “If it didn’t perform like we expected it to, I wouldn’t have traded it in on a brand-new one,” said Mryglod Vice President and CEO Travis Mryglod, who now owns the business with his three brothers and their mother, Sandra.
The Mryglod family has collected scrap metal since the 1940s when Travis’ great grandfather, Alex Mryglod,
recycled scrap for military equipment in World War II. Today, Mryglod Steel and Metals Inc. buys metal from a range of sources, including auto yards, railroads and industrial firms. That metal gets sorted by their Doosan material handlers before being cut and shredded. It’s then torched and baled for melting into new steel and products. Finally, using their material handlers again, recovered scrap is reloaded onto trucks for transportation to the steel mill. The DX300MH-5 and DX225MH-5 play vital roles at both ends of the process, Travis says. The machines unload the aluminum, steel, lead and copper, old vehicles, appliances and other outdated machinery. Then excavators outfitted with shears aid with the
processing, cutting scrap metal down to mill-ready specifications. Once ready, the material handlers then pile up the material and load it into 8-foot walled trailers or end dumps for shipping. According to Travis, their purposebuilt material handlers have given a much-needed boost to Mryglod Steel & Metals, which previously sorted using older excavators with grapple or magnet attachments. “It’s, at least, doubled our efficiency, as far as loading goes,” he says. “With the converted excavator, we were taking upwards of an hour, hour and a half, to load a truck. Now it’s not even 25 minutes.” Doosan says that improved speed stems partly from the machines’ improved reach: the DX300MH-5 has an extra 15 feet of reach compared to machines that Mryglod used prior, and also benefits from a straight boom, a droop-nose stick and a sandwiched counterweight.
see anything. So you’re just kind of grabbing at stuff and hoping for the best.” One other notable detail his team really appreciates is the Bateman generators that came with both handlers to operate the magnets. Customers can add a Bateman generator to their Doosan material handler as an option when they order a machine. “Hydraulic gensets can be finicky,” Travis says, “but the Bate-
man system has proved very good.” “We put 9,000 hours on that 300, and the generator – not one problem.” He adds that this is the same for their Doosan material handlers, with which, after years of very tough, continuous work, they have “never really had any issues.” Josh Hafner is a technical writer based in Des Moines, Iowa.
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Doosan’s material handlers aren’t just very productive. They’re safe too. With an optional hydraulically raised cab of 6.5 feet, the DX300MH-5 lets operators see clearly around them and into the loading trucks – a boon for any scrapyard with tight quarters. “You don’t need a spotter trying to tell you what holes to fill in the trailer because you can see right into the bottom,” Travis says. “And same goes for unloading, where with the converted excavator, you can’t get up high enough. You can’t
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MATERIAL HANDLERS FOR SCRAP
Caterpillar introduced the MH3040 material handler in 2020. Specifically designed for scrap and millyard applications, the MH3040s are the largest in Cat’s lineup, and feature boom, sticks and other high-stress areas with thick, multi-plate fabrications, castings and forgings to withstand wear and deliver years of durable operation, as well as specially designed mountings on the upper frame to support a new heavy-duty cab. The MH3040 uses a Cat C7.1 152-kw (202-hp) engine, has a maximum operating weight, of 38,529 kg (84,940 pounds), and maximum reach of 15,490 mm (50 feet 10 inches).
Sometimes referred to as a “mobile crane,” and sometimes as a “scrap handler,” this category of heavy equipment has the speed, agility, quick cycle times, operator safety and comfort features to make a real difference for recyclers at the scrapyard or at the MRF. Compared to using a hydraulic excavator, which costs less up front, but which uses considerably more fuel to do a job it was not meant for (the moving, sorting, loading and unloading of scrap materials), these fuel-efficient, highly productive, purpose-built machines come with a very quick ROI for recyclers. Following are the latest models available from the leading manufacturers in the industry.
Hyundai Construction Equipment Americas introduced the HW250MH wheeled material handler in early 2020. Hyundai says its new wheeled material handler is evolved from its wheeled excavator line and is designed to meet a wide range of onroad and off-road applications, including scrap metal and other recycling applications. Units feature high agility, load-and-carry capacity and versatility for high productivity and efficiency.
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28 Recycling Product News October 2020
LBX introduced two models for the U.S. and Canada in 2019 including the 250 X4 Scrap Loader/handler. This machine uses an electronically controlled 177-hp Isuzu engine that meets Tier 4 Final requirements without the need for a diesel particulate filter. Other features include a straight boom and droop-nose arm, and a new hydraulics package delivers up to 7 percent faster cycle times than its predecessor.
SENNEBOGENâ€™s recently introduced E-series 855 M Hybrid dedicated material handler at 71,000 kg (157,000 pounds) is the smallest in the SENNEBOGEN lineup to offer SENNEBOGENâ€™s Green Hybrid energy recovery system, which uses a large energy recovery cylinder mounted between the two hoist cylinders on the lifting boom. On every downstroke of the boom, this oversized hydraulic cylinder captures the energy produced by the lowering action and stores it in compressed nitrogen cylinders located in the rear of the machine. The stored energy is then used during the next upstroke to supplement the hydraulic power that lifts the load.
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EQUIPMENT FOCUS: MATERIAL HANDLERS <<
Liebherr introduced two new models specifically designed for scrap handling in 2020: the LH 30 M and LH 60 M, both part of the Industry Litronic series. The LH 60 M Industry Litronic is designed for heavy-duty scrap handling with an operating weight between 121,300 and 134,500 pounds (55 – 61 t) and an engine output of 190 kW / 255 hp. The LH 60 M includes hydraulic cab elevation, which can be variably adjusted for different loading situations, giving the driver an optimal view of their working area at all times, and cameras allow optimal monitoring of the rear and side of the machine.
Terex Fuchs’ latest material handler introduced at the end of 2019 is the MHL375 F, which the company says bridges the gap in the 132,000 – 154,000 pounds category. According to Fuchs, the machine was designed from scratch and the main target groups are scrapyards which load shredders or shears, steel mills and river terminals. One stand-out feature is the huge undercarriage, which provides room for different tire combinations.
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Doosan introduced the DX250WMH-5 wheel material handler in early 2020. This 25-metric-ton material handler is built to provide increased lifting performance. The DX250WMH-5 replaces the Doosan DX210WMH-5. The new DX250WMH-5 material handler is designed for scrap, solid waste and recycling applications. New to the DX250WMH-5 material handler are two arm cylinders straddling the machine’s boom and arm. This update improves the machine’s performance and control of the material during the lift and placement cycle. A droop-nose arm continues to be standard, but Doosan also now offers an optional straight arm.
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SPECIAL ADVERTISING FEATURE
WITH AN ACCULOADER AUTOMATIC LOADING SYSTEM, EVEN SMALLER YARDS CAN TAKE ADVANTAGE OF SURGING OVERSEAS DEMAND FOR CONTAINERIZED SCRAP METAL
raditionally, recyclers across Canada have sent a huge percentage of their recovered scrap metal to Hamilton, Ontario, or Pennsylvania in the U.S., via open-top rail cars and truck trailers. The scrap is then melted down and turned into new steel. This is still the case for much of our scrap steel, but recently the growing trend toward containerization has introduced new opportunities for efficient, costeffective shipping of both non-ferrous and ferrous materials to overseas markets.
According to Greg Bushong, founder of Acculoader, any size scrapyard can order five, ten or one hundred 40-foot containers and use Acculoader’s high-speed container loading system to fill them 25 tons at a time, in under 15 minutes each, and sell to high-demand steel mills overseas. “Containerization is a relatively new trend in the industry,” he says. “The Acculoader container loading system can help recyclers take advantage of it,” adding that this not only applies to larger scrap recycling companies, but smaller yards and family-
run businesses. “With the Acculoader, any scrapyard can now sell direct to mills overseas, basically cutting out the middleman, and they can compete in the same market that the big scrap producers are competing in.” Overseas demand for containerized scrap is currently particularly high; in Canada, especially on the east coast, this is not going unnoticed. At Acculoader, compared to 2018–2019, Bushong says they have seen about a 200 percent increase in installations over the past year on the east coast of Canada, from Nova Scotia down to the Maine border. THE ACCULOADER PROCESS The yard space required for an Acculoader on the ground is about 100 feet by 10 feet wide which allows for a 45-foot loading box and space for a 52-foot tractor trailer combination to back up to it. Users simply place the Acculoader opentop box near the scrap pile where it can be loaded with a material handler. It runs on either diesel or electric power and uses a highly accurate, integrated scale, displaying loaded weight in real time so recyclers can maximize capacities very efficiently. Once full, the Acculoader is inserted into the shipping container.
“We push a couple of buttons and we transfer the load into the container, without damaging the container and without having any personnel near the loading process,” explains Bushong. Once the Acculoader slides inside the container, a hydraulic packer pushes the load in while withdrawing the packer blade. This all happens in as little as 10 minutes. The Acculoader’s reinforced heavy-duty sidewalls absorb all of the impact and wear from loading abrasive materials, protecting the inside of containers, and the full, accurately weighed container load of scrap is ready for transport.
THE CASE FOR KIMCO STEEL Scrapyards on the east coast of Canada aren’t the only ones currently taking advantage of surging overseas markets for containerized scrap. Kimco Steel Sales Ltd., operating out of Kingston, Ontario, installed their first Acculoader in late March 2020. According to Kimco founder and owner Gregg Rosen, “Our new Acculoader doesn’t stop. We’ve shipped 400 containers of scrap metal already this year,” he says. “If I didn’t have an Acculoader, I would have had to sell all of my scrap domestically and simply wouldn’t be able to take advantage of the great overseas export market.”
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Rosen bought the Acculoader with intent to increase his efficiency exporting non-ferrous materials such as Zorba and Zurik, which he has been doing for many years. The way they did it previously, with skid-steer loaders, was time-consuming, difficult and costly. Plus, they weren’t able to load containers to maximum capacities. Since adding the Acculoader, Rosen finds that he is using it more for ferrous export to meet current market demand from countries including Turkey, India, Bangladesh and UAE. “I really bought it for non-ferrous and didn’t think that I would ever be using it for ferrous,” he explains. “But the ferrous market for export opened up, better than the domestic market, and I was able to take advantage of it. If I didn’t have an Acculoader, I wouldn’t have been able to do that. I would not have looked at ferrous material for export at all, only non-ferrous.” Rosen continues, “Greg Bushong handled it from beginning to end in the most professional way I’ve ever seen anybody do it. He spent basically a week here in Kingston, installing our loader and training our men on how to operate the machine. He was a gentleman, extremely professional and did everything he said he would do and more. I give
Baled stainless steel ready for transport.
“With the Acculoader, any scrapyard can now sell direct to mills overseas, basically cutting out the middleman, and they can compete in the same market that the big scrap producers are competing in.”
Greg a lot of credit for what he’s come up with, on the Acculoader design, and in the way he handles his customers. “We have a diesel-powered generator on ours, so it’s not powered by electricity, and it hasn’t stopped since we got it. I think we have a very nice installation of the Acculoader machine.” Rosen notes that prior to their new installation, Kimco did have a tilter to load containers – but he never really liked it. “It was not for us. It takes longer. It’s more cumbersome and it’s a lot more dangerous,” he says. “There’s more opportunity for problems. The Acculoader is very simple, and it is an absolutely unbelievable safety improvement because only one guy is involved, and he’s basically hands-off. It’s all remote control: the operator that operates the excavator can operate everything.” “When I bought the machine, I was happy to do what I was doing before, about 20 containers per month of exported, mostly non-ferrous materials. I would have been happy to have bought the machine and only do 20 containers a month, or about 240 containers a year. “What used to take us two and a half hours now takes 20 minutes,” he says. “I’ve only had it in operation since April, and from then through September I’ve already done over 400 containers.” QUICK ROI FOR THE SCRAPYARD According to Bushong, “Costs have really changed over the years. It’s hard to give exact ROI numbers because it really is a moving target. But what I can say is for yards that are doing 1,000 tons per month or more, the return on the Acculoader is very quick.”
He says they generally calculate ROI for customers based on several factors, including savings from reduced labour costs, loading times and safety incidences, as well as lower maintenance costs and general wear and tear on loaders and containers. Plus, with accurate real-time weighing, loads are maximized every time, which saves a lot of time and money in transport. “Even if you’re a small yard and you’re doing 500 tons, your ROI is going to be about three years,” he says. “That’s great on a big piece of equipment. “I can’t tell you how many times I get a call back, six months into their ownership, and they tell me ‘I should have done this five years ago.’” With respect to life expectancy of an Acculoader, Bushong says they haven’t seen one hit its end of life yet. “Ten years into the business, I’ve replaced only three upper boxes. And each of those three customers had put through more than 25,000 to 35,000 containers before we replaced the tops. All we had to do is replace basically the upper half. That’s about 25 percent of the original cost – and that’s it. For life expectancy, I predict 20 years plus.” He adds, “When the market’s down, it’s the perfect time to buy an Acculoader, because if all things are equal, and you’re getting less money for your product, but you still have the same costs, then it holds true that if you can lower your costs, you make money in a down market. “It’s really hard for a yard to outproduce the Acculoader,” he concludes. “The current world record is 62 loaded containers in one 10-hour day, with one man. “In Southern California, I have yards that regularly do 30 containers every day. These are yards that started off doing five containers a week, and they’re able to take their business to 30 a day based on using the Acculoader. “If you’re loading scrap steel, you should own one of these machines. Period.”
The Acculoader charge box or loaded hopper is driven into the container via hydraulic cylinder. Once inside the container, a second telescopic cylinder is activated and pushes the material out of the charge box into the container. The charge box is then reversed and exits the container as the telescopic cylinder continues to push forward, emptying all contents into the container.
THE ACCULOADER HIGH SPEED CONTAINER LOADER
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HOW CANADA IS WORKING TO ACHIEVE ZERO PLASTIC WASTE BY 2030 LATEST STEPS INCLUDE BAN ON SINGLE-USE PLASTICS AND INVESTMENT IN POLLUTION REDUCTION
ederal Minister of Environment and Climate Change, Jonathan Wilkinson, recently announced the next steps in the Government of Canada’s plan to achieve zero plastic waste by 2030. Under the Canada-wide Strategy on Zero Plastic Waste, the federal government is collaborating with provinces, territories and municipalities, through the Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment, to strengthen existing programs for plastics recycling and increase national capacity to reuse and recover more used plastics. All federal, provincial and territorial governments have now agreed to the strategy, which lays out a vision for a circular economy for plastics, as well as a two-phase action plan that is being jointly implemented. This will include collaboration on developing pan-Canadian targets to ensure rules are consistent and transparent across the country, and make producers and sellers of plastic products responsible for collecting them. A key part of the plan is a ban on harmful single-use plastic items where there is evidence that waste from these items is being found in the environment, where they are often not recycled and where there are readily available alternatives. Based on those criteria, initial items proposed for the ban include plastic checkout bags, straws, stir sticks, six-pack rings, cutlery and food ware made from hard-to-recycle plastics. “Canadians see the effects of plastic pollution in their communities and waterways and they expect the Government to take action,” commented Wilkinson. “Our Government is introducing a comprehensive plan to get to
36 Recycling Product News October 2020
zero plastic waste. “Our plan embraces the transition toward a circular economy, recycled-content standards and targets for recycling rates. We also intend to ban plastic bags, straws, stir sticks, six-pack rings, cutlery, and hard-to-recycle takeout containers. These items are harmful to our environment and their value is lost from the economy when they are tossed in the trash. This proposed ban will help drive innovation across the country as new and easier to recycle items take their place in our economy.” A second key element of the Zero Plastic Waste Initiative is a commitment to invest of over $2 million into 14 Canadian-led plastic reduction initiatives. These projects are led by communities, organizations and institutions, and will promote the development of new and innovative solutions to prevent, capture and remove plastic pollution from the environment and support a circular economy. Following are summaries of some of the notable regional projects supported by the Zero Plastic Waste Initiative, currently underway across Canada.
The Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard, Bernadette Jordan, announced Canada’s investment of over $270,000 to support four new projects in Nova Scotia and Newfoundland and Labrador through the Zero Plastic Waste Initiative. This funding will support the development of new innovative solutions that prevent, capture and remove plastic pollution and inform sustainable consumer actions. The organizations receiving funding include: the Cape Breton Atlantic Coastal Action Program
which will explore environmentally responsible and cost-effective alternatives for local food packaging; and the International Fund for Animal Welfare Inc. which will develop best practices and remove marine plastic litter in Newfoundland harbours.
Peter Schiefke, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Environment and Climate Change, has announced federal investment of $205,000 to support Nature-Action Québec Inc.’s plastic pollution reduction project. The project will reduce plastic pollution by installing waste capture nets at municipal sewer outlets to catch litter before it enters the water, and it will raise community awareness about plastic pollution.
The Minister of International Development, Karina Gould, has announced investment of $555,000 to support three new projects in Ontario. This funding will support the development of new innovative solutions that prevent, capture and remove plastic pollution, and inform sustainable consumer actions. The organizations receiving funding include Carleton University, which will identify and pilot solutions to detect and remove microplastics from wastewater systems, and Georgian Bay Forever, which will trial innovative technologies to capture plastics from entering the water from various point sources and expand general awareness of plastic pollution. Additionally, the University of Windsor will evaluate sustainable mechanisms to remove microplastics from biosolids and promote the uptake of effective methods with key stakeholders.
Every year, Canadians throw away 3 million tonnes of plastic waste, only 9 percent of which is recycled, meaning the vast majority ends up in landfills and about 29,000 tonnes finds its way into the natural environment.
The Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Environment and Climate Change (Canada Water Agency), Terry Duguid, has announced federal investment of $330,000 to support multiple new projects in the Prairies. Organizations receiving funding include Nativus Energy, which will work with the Lake St. Martin First Nation community to determine community specific strategies for increased collection and diversion of plastic waste, and Wicehtowak Limnos Consulting Services, which will develop a plastic waste management program in conjunction with the George Gordon First Nation. Plus, the Alberta Plastics Recycling Association is being supported in their project to gather data about the amount and types of plastic pollution created from industries and municipalities in the Edmonton Capital Region, to help support waste reduction strategies going forward.
In B.C., several new projects funded by the Zero Plastic Waste Initiative are recently underway. The University of British Columbia has received $80,000 in funding for a study using behavioural intervention to nudge consumers to reduce single-use produce bags at grocery stores. A project undertaken by Ocean Diagnostics Inc. has been funded $184,000, and involves the development of technology and sampling protocols for the quantification and characterization of marine microplastics in nearshore surface waters and marine systems.
Raven Recycling Society, based in Whitehorse, has been funded $185,000 for a project focused on the prevention and removal of plastic pollution at their local recycling facility, to reduce the leakage of plastic waste into the environment and increase the overall recovered value of recyclables.
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HAULING & COLLECTION
RETURN-IT FIRST IN CANADA TO DEPLOY CNG HYBRID-ELECTRIC COMPACTION TRUCK FOR RECYCLABLES TRANSPORT BY KEITH BARKER, EDITOR
eturn-It, the established product stewardship organization behind B.C.’s leading used beverage container return system, is taking the next step in reducing operational emissions by introducing into service Canada’s first-ofits-kind compressed natural gas (CNG) hybrid-electric compaction truck. The organization says transportation is the largest source of greenhouse gases in the province’s annual GHG emission inventory, rising by 15 percent between 2015 and 2018. With this new pilot, launched in September, Return-It says it is the beginning of its plan to decar-
AS THE PROVINCE’S LEADING PRODUCT STEWARDSHIP ORGANIZATION, WE RECOGNIZE WE CAN DO MORE TO DECARBONIZE OUR TRANSPORTATION NETWORK IN ORDER TO MAKE AN EVEN BIGGER IMPACT ON GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS.
38 Recycling Product News October 2020
bonize its transportation fleet, which could reduce greenhouse gas emissions from beverage container recycling by up to 25 percent. “As the province’s leading product stewardship organization, we recognize we can do more to decarbonize our transportation network in order to make an even bigger impact on greenhouse gas emissions,” said Allen Langdon, President & CEO of Return-It. “As part of Return-It’s modernization program launched earlier this year, we are piloting this new technology as a first step toward transitioning our entire fleet.” According to Return-It, one CNG hybrid-electric collection compaction truck will increase the amount of beverage containers transported in one trip by six times – from 150,000 containers to 900,000 containers per trip, reduce emissions by 69 metric tonnes of CO2 compared to a diesel truck, and reduce Return-It total emissions within the region surrounding Vancouver by 5 percent, and province-wide by 2 percent. Return-It’s new truck will service 16 recycling depots in the pilot phase, allowing for evaluation of the technology and data capture to inform the next steps in its transition.
AN INNOVATIVE HYBRID DRIVE TECHNOLOGY
Supplied by Hyliion, a leader in electrified powertrain solutions for Class 8 commercial vehicles, Return-It’s new CNG hybrid-electric drivetrain is designed to optimize vehicle power and efficiency. It will release fewer emissions than existing diesel trucks, and in combination with an innovative system from Burlington, Ontario-based compaction technology specialist NexGen Municipal, will help reduce the number of vehicle trips required to take bever-
age containers from recycling depots to processing facilities. Thomas Healy, founder and CEO of Hyliion, commented saying their electrified powertrain solutions are specifically designed for regional and long-haul trucks, offer hybrid electric assist for conventional CNG trucks and enable fleets to leverage the existing natural gas refuelling infrastructure. “We are continuously looking for ways to leverage our technology to transform the transportation industry’s environmental impact,” commented Healy. “Our electrified powertrains offer a unique opportunity to drive sustainable solutions in heavy-duty commercial transportation. We are excited to be working with Return-It to make recycling even more environmentally friendly.” Added Doug Vanderlinden, president of NexGen Municipal, “We are pleased to provide our Auger Compaction Trailer technology to the Return-It team, to significantly improve logistical and operational efficiencies, while dramatically reducing GHG generation.”
RISING TO THE OPPORTUNITY
The pilot phase of Return-It’s current project also includes work with B.C. energy provider FortisBC to identify opportunities to expand access to CNG throughout the province, such as the availability of CNG filling stations to supply Return-It’s fleet in the future. “FortisBC has set an ambitious target to reduce our customers’ greenhouse gas emissions by 30 percent by 2030, and one of the ways we’re doing that is by investing in lower carbon vehicles and transportation infrastructure – the very infrastructure that Return-It will be utilizing to fuel its fleet,” said Sarah Smith, director, natural gas for
With an innovative hybrid-powered compaction unit from NexGen Municipal, Return-It’s new truck can transport up to six times more beverage containers per load.
Allen Langdon, Return-It president and CEO, in the Hyliion compressed natural gas (CNG) hybrid-electric compaction truck, a first in Canada. transportation, regional LNG and Renewable Gas at FortisBC. “We appreciate Return-It’s commitment to decarbonizing its fleet with innovative technology and look forward to working together to support their transition province-wide.” According to Karen Tam Wu, cochair of the Catalyst Business Coalition and Regional Director British Columbia for the Pembina Institute, “It’s great to see Return-It pilot the use of innovative technology that could reduce carbon pollution from its heavy-duty trucks. Reducing emissions from heavy-duty trucks is an important part of the climate solution. We are also excited to welcome Encorp Pacific [Return-It] as the newest member of the Catalyst Business Coalition, which brings companies together to champion the clean economy.” Bruce Ralston, B.C. Minister of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources, also commented, “Heavy-duty diesel trucks are responsible for nearly a quarter of all transportation emissions in B.C. Organizations like Return-It who are embracing new technologies in CNG hybrid-electric vehicles for their return-to-base fleets are helping the transition to lower and zero-emissions trucking, and helping us meet our CleanBC goals.” RPN
Model 4 The new model 4 E-Z log Baler is just what mid size scrap yards have been asking for! Priced right for any yard — small, mid size, or large! Like the Model 3, the NEW Model 4 has no set up time and a very low cost to operate. The one man operations are all handled from the newly designed cab. With the 400º rotation crane and a reach of 27’ adding the continuous rotation grapple, it makes loading the larger chamber a breeze. Taking your loose scrap to a highly sought after shreddable log.
— Cycles in under 2 minutes! — Produces up to 70 tons per day. — Fully portable in the closed position. — New seat design for more operator comfort.
October 2020 www.recyclingproductnews.com
HAULING & COLLECTION
LION ELECTRIC PARTNERSHIP WITH ABB REINFORCES COMMITMENT TO E-MOBILITY
arlier this year, Saint-Jérôme, Quebec–based Lion Electric Co. sold the first Lion8 chassis in combination with a BEV (Boivin Evolution) all-electric automated side-loading body to Waste Connections for operation in Washington and Florida. According to Lion Electric, this represents the first zero-emission trucks with fully electric waste collection bodies and automated arms in North America. Most recently, Lion Electric announced that ABB’s complete charging equipment product line will be sold under the company’s new Lion Energy infrastructure specialty division, making Lion Electric a service partner for ABB. Lion Energy is an end-to-end infrastructure solution designed to streamline the process of EV charging station installation by packaging charging infrastructure design and review, project management, utility coordination and customized consultation, easing the complexity of the process. Lion Energy ensures infrastructure installation is accomplished in tandem with the vehicle
The first Lion Electric Lion8 chassis with fully automated side loader body sold to Waste Connections in 2020. purchasing process, giving customers the capacity to meet the charging needs of current fleets and the ability to scale in the future. ABB’s portfolio of EV charging solutions and services span the entire kW chain from compact, high-quality AC wallboxes to reliable DC fast charging
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The Lion6 all-electric truck and Terra DC Wallbox ABB terminal. stations, Terra 54 (fast chargers) and heavy vehicle chargers. Under the new agreement, ABB will supply the full range of charging solutions to support the Lion Electric fleet which ranges from small buses to 300kw battery waste collection vehicles and other trucks. “Reinforcing our commitment to emobility, we are pleased to partner with Lion Electric as we share the same pioneering vision for an electrified future,” said Bob Stojanovic, ABB’s Head of EV Charging Infrastructure for North America. “Collaborating with innovative vehicle makers to ensure the vehicles and the charging work seamlessly is a crucial part of ABB’s mission to ensure electric transformation succeeds.”
REVERSE VENDING ADVANCES CONTINUE FROM TOMRA
TOMRA Collection Solutions latest advances for beverage container reverse vending, now in operation in Europe and the U.S., include the R1 multi-feed system that allows consumers to return approximately 100 empty recyclable beverage containers at once, and the TOMRA S1 Rugged (shown right). Designed to withstand challenging weather conditions, the S1 Rugged reverse vending system has been designed for returning drink containers for recycling in semi-outdoor, metropolitan locations. The S1 is designed to withstand demanding use as well as increased exposure to the elements, and features a touchscreen display that is easy to read even in bright sunlight. Most recently, TOMRA has partnered on an innovative pilot that employs the reverse vending concept for CO2 cyclinders used with SodaStream sparkling water systems for consumers. Under the pilot, special SodaStream-branded reverse vending machines are being installed in retail stores (shown below) across the EU (first in Sweden and France) and in the U.S. When a SodaStream CO2 cylinder is empty, participating customers can place their empty cylinder in TOMRA’s reverse vending machines and receive a voucher for the value of the used cylinder, which acts as a credit toward the purchase of a new CO2 cylinder at the retailer store in which the reverse vending machine operates. Recovered CO2 cylinders remain in a closed loop, with all cylinders returned to SodaStream to be cleaned, refilled and • sealed for reuse.
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COVER STORY Terrapure – Continued from page 25 Atkinson says, for this type of lead-bearing material, a standard of environmental protection, and health and safety practices that protect workers and community should be verified for any lead–acid batteries exported. “In North America, the standard of operations are very good, regulatory controls are strict, and all operations must allocate substantial financial resources to continually improve on environmental protection and worker/community protection,” he continues. “While I am not an expert on worldwide operations, if one thinks about the off-shore process, there are a number of practices starting from shipping the batteries across the ocean, transferring them to mainland routes and processing them in non state-of-the-art faculties offshore that may be putting the environment and people at risk. Fundamentally, the most effective way of managing waste materials is to manage them at source so that impacts on community are always considered carefully,
From left to right at Terrapure’s Tonolli Canada battery recycling facility in Mississauga: Jordan Spencer, Eyob Desta, Ariel Mandala and Heral Sindhwad. and a continuous upgrading to better and better practices is encouraged.” Greg Jones concludes by reflecting on Terrapure’s mantra: Changing waste for good. “This, for Terrapure, is both a mantra and a vision, in terms of being what we aspire to and what we in fact do today,” says Jones, adding that their battery recycling business is the best example of this mantra. “All waste streams are revenue streams. That’s really important these days because the definition of waste is changing for many, and many
are realizing that the materials they are dealing with are not waste, but a resource. We’re seeing government policy slowly move more in this direction in Canada. Certainly, in Europe it’s more advanced. “At Terrapure, we feel like we’re in a really good space and that the differentiation that we’ve been able to carve out between us and some of our competitors will really serve us well as society pushes more and more to a resource recoveryfocused approach to waste.” RPN
Best practices brief: the difference between axial and radial magnetic fields According to established magnetic separation systems manufacturer and supplier, Bunting Magnetics, rotary magnetic separators for recycling and other applications are designed with a specific type of magnetic field, which needs to be considered when evaluating an application in order to decide which design will best achieve a recycler’s separation objective. For rotary magnetic separators, including drum magnets, there are two types of magnetic field: axial and radial. Axial magnetic fields stretch across the width of a rotary magnetic separator. Susceptible material is attracted to the point of highest magnetic intensity, known as the pole. An axial magnetic field is ideal in situations where the magnetic separator may have captured a high level of entrapped non-magnetic material and is best for applications where the separation objective is to maximize
42 Recycling Product News October 2020
the purity of the recovered ferrous metal, such as with auto recycling. The downside is potential for reduced separation performance and overall recovery rates. Bunting magnetic separators using an axial field include permanent drum magnets, electro drum magnets and pulley magnets. In a radial magnetic field, poles are running in the same direction that the conveyor or drum is rotating and follow the flow of material (shown right). Magnetically susceptible material will be attracted to the poles, which are the highest points of magnetic intensity, and held there until dragged out of the magnetic field. A radial magnetic field is ideal when the goal is to maximize the amount of magnetic metal being separated from material, such as with a mineral application where ferrous tramp metal must be removed from the product stream so as not
to contaminate the product. The downside of a radial magnetic field is that it is possible for entrapment of non-magnetics to occur, which then reduces the purity level of the recovered metal that is ultimately separated out. Bunting Magnetic separation systems that utilize radial magnetic field design include drum magnets, pulley magnets, rare earth roll separators and induced magnetic roll separators.
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44 Recycling Product News October 2020
WEEE Forum calls for action on differentiating e-waste from metal scrap
ADVERTISER INDEX Acculoader................................................................32â€“35
Lindner America LLC.........................................................3
BM&M Screening Solutions............................................40
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Van Dyk Recycling Solutions.............................................6
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The MRF Summit will provide materials recovery facility (MRF) owners, recyclers, solid waste professionals, and government officials with a forum to discuss contamination, technology, and industry policy. Visit MRFsummit.org to register
October 2020 www.recyclingproductnews.com
A GOLDEN OPPORTUNITY TO TAKE BACK THE RECYCLING NARRATIVE
BY MARIE BINETTE
RECYCLING IS THE ORIGINAL INDUSTRY OF SUSTAINABILITY AND IT’S TIME FOR PUBLIC POLICY TO REFLECT THIS.
ecycling is essential. It always has been and always will be. But as the COVID-19 pandemic wears on, it’s a unique time for our industry. The global population has gained fresh perspective on new ways to work, learn and live, and for many the total disruption of normal life has brought the abstract concept of climate change into a much harsher reality. As put forth by the Working Paper on Climate Change Policy after COVID, published by the University of Oxford: “The climate emergency is like the COVID-19 emergency, just in slow motion and much graver.” With these kinds of serious global issues top of mind, our industry has a unique opportunity to take back the recycling narrative and show how vital it is to the development of a sustainable, circular economy. This may be a silver lining of the pandemic cloud, and it is crucial that recycling is properly defined in government policy as green initiatives take root post-pandemic. CARI has advocated for an accurate definition of recycling in policy for decades, but the stakes of this work have never been higher. This was apparent at the beginning of the COVID-19 crisis, when CARI President Tracy Shaw sent letters to Canada’s Provincial Premiers and Bill Blair, Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness, requesting that the recycling industry be federally designated as an essential service. In April, the federal government issued a comprehensive document on essential services in which recyclers are included under the manufacturing sector as businesses that “ensure global continuity of supply of mining and mineral materials and products, and that support supply chains in Canada.” This is significant for two reasons. Recycling was not classified as essential in some countries, where facilities were forced to close temporarily. Perhaps most importantly though, the Canadian federal government included recycling as part of the manufacturing supply chain, not as part of the waste industry.
46 Recycling Product News October 2020
It is crucial to our industry’s success that recycled and recyclable material be recognized as a valuable resource. CARI can now point to this federal inclusion of recycling as essential to supply chains when we advocate for our industry at all levels of government. This distinction will help give our industry more advocacy muscle as the federal government unveils green stimulus plans going forward. “Build back better” is the phrase being touted by policymakers and activists alike, and the general argument goes that if heavy government spending is required to prevent the worst effects of a global recession, why not ensure that investment bolsters clean infrastructure initiatives to fight the worst effects of climate change? While CARI applauds our government’s continued commitment to green initiatives, some broad changes to public policy are required to streamline material flow and improve market demand for recyclable materials. Canada should have a national recycling policy. Governments should ensure that products are properly designed for effective recycling, and policies should increase demand for recycled products. Government legislation and regulations should be simple and harmonized. They should distinguish recyclables from waste and support free trade. Policies such as these would do much to force consumer goods producers to cut waste, reduce emissions and “close the loop” on production cycles. New policies should also be reflected in all green initiatives the government undertakes going forward. After all, the federal government is our nation’s largest consumer and it should lead by example. Recyclers are the first link in the global supply chain. Our industry has specialized knowledge of how materials are processed at end of life and how market demand dictates which materials stay in the supply chain and which, unfortunately, are landfilled. Recycling is the original industry of sustainability and it’s time for public policy to reflect this. Marie Binette is director of communications for CARI.
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