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RECYCLING PRODUCT NEWS

THE OPPORTUNITY FOR ZORBA PUBLICATIONS MAIL AGREEMENT NO. 40069270

TOMRA’S NEW X-TRACT FOR MAGNESIUM REMOVAL TURNS ZORBA INTO HIGHLY PURE FURNACE-READY ALUMINUM PAGE 14

HOOKLIFTS VS CABLE HOISTS PAGE 18

SCRAP AND C&D ATTACHMENTS GUIDE PAGE 22 May/June 2020

SCRAP

n

WASTE

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C&D

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ORGANICS

recyclingproductnews.com


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CONTENTS MAY/JUNE 2020 | Volume 28, Number 4

FEATURES 14 COVER STORY TOMRA INTRODUCES FIRST-OF-ITS-KIND ALUMINUM RECYCLING TECHNOLOGY

X-TRACT for magnesium removal turns Zorba into highly pure aluminum Twitch, furnace-ready for the North American market

18 HOOKLIFTS VS CABLE HOISTS While cable hoists are more established, hooklifts can provide improved versatility, productivity and safety in waste & recycling

22 ANNUAL SCRAP AND C&D ATTACHMENTS GUIDE Our yearly focus on hydraulic attachments for demolition and recycling

14

cover story

30 LAST WORD FIRE SAFETY AT THE SCRAPYARD Planning for fire prevention and

management by Tony Smith and Kenn Kunze On the cover: Brian Gist, head of TOMRA UK/sales director metals for TOMRA Sorting UK

FOLLOW US @recyclingpn

18 May/June 2020 www.recyclingproductnews.com

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CONTENTS

RECYCLING PRODUCT NEWS

MAY/JUNE 2020 VOLUME 28, NUMBER 4

EDITOR Keith Barker kbarker@baumpub.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 305 ASSOCIATE EDITOR Lee Toop ltoop@baumpub.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 315 EDITOR IN CHIEF Kaitlyn Till ktill@baumpub.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 330 DIGITAL EDITOR Slone Fox sfox@baumpub.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 335 ASSOCIATE PUBLISHER Sam Esmaili sam@baumpub.com; 604-291-9900 ext.110

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ACCOUNT MANAGER David Gilmour dgilmour@baumpub.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 105 MARKETING & BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT MANAGER Arnie Gess agess@baumpub.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 115 ADVERTISING PRODUCTION MANAGER Tina Anderson production@baumpub.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 222 DESIGN & PRODUCTION Morena Zanotto morena@baumpub.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 325 CIRCULATION baumpublications@circlink.ca; 1-855-329-1909 PRESIDENT / PUBLISHER Ken Singer ksinger@baumpub.com VICE PRESIDENT / CONTROLLER Melvin Date-Chong mdatechong@baumpub.com FOUNDER Engelbert J. Baum Published by Baum Publications Ltd. 124-2323 Boundary Road Vancouver, BC, Canada V5M 4V8 www.baumpub.com Phone: 604-291-9900 • Toll Free:1-888-286-3630 Fax: 604-291-1906

20 DEPARTMENTS 10 UPFRONT 12 SPOTLIGHT 14 COVER STORY 18 HAULING & COLLECTION

22 6 Recycling Product News May/June 2020

22 EQUIPMENT FOCUS: ATTACHMENTS FOR SCRAP AND C&D 28 WEB HIGHLIGHTS

30

LAST WORD

Recycling Product News is published eight times yearly: January/ February, March, April, May/June, July/August, September, October, November/December. Advertising closes at the beginning of the issue month. One year subscription rates for others: Canada $33.50 + 1.68 GST = $35.18; U.S.A. $40; other countries $63.50. Single copies $6.00 + 0.30 GST = $6.30; outside Canada $7.00. All prices are in ­Canadian funds. Recycling Product News accepts no responsibility or liability for reported claims made by manufacturers and/or distributors for products or services; the views and opinions e­ xpressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of Baum Publications Ltd. Copyright 2020, Baum Publications Ltd. No portion of this publication may be reproduced without permission of the publishers. Printed in Canada, on recycled paper, by Mitchell Press Ltd. ISSN 17157013. PUBLICATIONS MAIL AGREEMENT NO. 40069270. Return undeliverable Canadian addresses to: Circulation Dept., 124-2323 Boundary Rd., Vancouver, B.C. V5M 4V8; e-mail: baumpublications@ circlink.ca; 1-855-329-1909 or fax: 1-855-272-0972.


Experience Matters We’ve been selling MRF equipment for 36 years. As the world has changed, and the material streams with it, we’ve seen what works in MRF solutions. More importantly, we’ve seen what doesn’t work. Our engineers have been with us throughout these decades of research and development. Without a doubt, we have the most experienced team in the industry. When you’re seeking a system to help you reach your goals and that fits your budget, you need a supplier who knows what’s going to work.

That’s why experience matters.

Van Dyk Recycling Solutions 203.967.1100 | vdrs.com | info@vdrs.com


FROM THE EDITOR

expeditious adaptation is the name of the game

M

WITH CARTONS NOW BEING RECYCLED IN EASTERN CANADA, THERE’S A GOOD CHANCE IT COULD INSPIRE RECYCLERS

IN OTHER PARTS OF THE COUNTRY.

ISABELLE FAUCHER

onumental change is afoot since the COVID-19 outbreak began. We can all see it in so many aspects of our lives, from education to social conventions, to business practices. Certainly, the recycling and waste management industry has felt the effects, and it is adapting swiftly. The Sustana Fibers paper mill in Quebec is a poignant example of a business that has revised a portion of its business incredibly quickly to accommodate completely unforeseen circumstances brought about by the pandemic. According to Isabelle Faucher, managing director of the Carton Council of Canada, there are two factors since March that accelerated Sustana’s decision to be the first mill in Canada in over 20 years to accept recovered cartons as feedstock. Firstly, there is a renewed demand for products made from recovered paper, such as paper towels, toilet paper and grocery shopping bags. Secondly, SOP (sorted office paper) streams have all but halted due to widespread office closures. Cartons, as it turns out, are a great, direct replacement for SOP. (See more on this news UpFront this issue. Plus, at recyclingproductnews. com our feature byline: “First Canadian mill in decades to accept cartons a positive step for the circular economy,” digs into the implications of this news based on an in-depth interview with Isabelle Faucher.) The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in different scenarios around the world for different materials. In Europe, there are reports about serious shutdowns in the plastics recycling and processing sector, but in North America, there is now a huge demand for plastic screens and shields for retail and other businesses. This has to bode well for multiple plastics categories. Similarly, the high demand for fabric face masks will be positive overall for textiles recycling, eventually, if not right away, providing a much-needed, likely sustainable end market. Besides significant changes to demand for recycled materials, it is interesting to see how quickly manufacturers in the industry are reacting to our new reality. Some examples of rapid reaction recently include major truck manufacturers Mack and DTNA, which are among the first to adjust their businesses to accommodate the increased demand for online remote troubleshooting, support and

parts ordering, as well as online education options for customers and potential customers. For MRFs and recycling facilities, Van Dyk Recycling Solutions has introduced augmented reality technology that allows recycling industry customers to receive guidance and customer service remotely, hands-free and safely during the COVID-19 crisis and beyond. Buffalo Turbine is another quick adapter, revising its industrial sprayer systems to accommodate demand for site, facility and equipment disinfection. (See Spotlight this issue for more details.) Machinex is one more example of a company that has reacted since March by being one of the first recycling technology and systems providers in the industry to offer a leasing option as a way to help recyclers and governments make large, capital-heavy infrastructure and equipment purchases. The leasing option is available for the company’s artificially intelligent SamurAI robotic sorting systems to start. This is very likely a financing trend that will increasingly take hold in recycling and waste management. Indeed, our industry is evolving from every angle, and due to the pace and scope of the change, it can be overwhelming for many. Still, it’s not out of the ordinary for the recycling industry to display such affinity for adaptation. Only two years ago, global markets shifted considerably, with the advent of China’s National Sword Policy restricting imports of anything other than highly pure recovered materials. Case in point, TOMRA (our cover story) has introduced a modification to its automated sorting technology which directly opens up needed domestic markets for auto shredders producing Zorba (the nonferrous, mostly aluminum byproduct of shredding). This new sorting technology upgrade is designed to allow scrap recyclers, for the first time, to efficiently and profitably turn piles of unsellable Zorba material into highly pure low-magnesium aluminum Twitch, which is in great demand from domestic secondary steel mills. Whether it’s evolving technology to produce material that fills a new demand, re-shaping the equipment supplier relationship, or revising a business strategy to accommodate changing incoming streams, expeditious adaptation is surely the new “name of the game” in recycling and waste management.

Keith Barker, Editor kbarker@baumpub.com 888-286-3630; 604-291-9900 ext. 305

CANADIAN ASSOCIATION OF RECYCLING INDUSTRIES

8 Recycling Product News May/June 2020

CONNECT WITH US


UPFRONT //

For all the latest industry news, visit recyclingproductnews.com or subscribe to our weekly eNewsletter at recyclingproductnews.com/newsletter-info

PAPER RECYCLING

QUEBEC PAPER MILL FIRST IN TWO DECADES TO ACCEPT RECOVERED CARTONS IN CANADA Sustana Fiber’s paper mill in Lévis, Quebec, is now accepting recycled food and beverage cartons as an alternate source of recovered fibre, to meet increasing demand for household paper products. This makes Lévis the first Canadian mill to process recovered cartons in more than 20 years. According to the Carton Council of Canada, which has worked closely with Sustana on this initiative, in 2019 an estimated 33,000 tonnes of cartons were collected for recycling in Canada. However, bales purchased for recycling had to be sent to the U.S., or to other international buyers, as Canadian mills were not accepting the material. According to Sustana, the decision to accept recycled cartons at its Lévis

facility reflects the overall increased demand for paper products, as well as its strategic commitment to innovation and sustainability. Every carton recycled helps provide the raw materials needed to produce essential items, such as toilet paper and paper towels, for which demand has greatly increased since the coronavirus outbreak. “At Sustana, we are enthusiastic champions of responsible manufacturing, environmental stewardship and positive community impact,” said Michele Bartolini, senior marketing director at Sustana. “By recycling alternative fibres such as cartons, we are proud to enhance our support for a thriving circular economy and help conserve precious resources.

We are also keen to do our part, supporting the supply chain and working to make the products people need right now.” Stable and thriving end markets for post-consumer cartons are important to the success of recycling and recovery efforts. Increased carton recycling helps preserve natural resources, meet important diversion and recycling goals, create jobs, and helps to avoid shortages of the pulp needed to manufacture essential items.

IC&I RECYCLING

50,000 TONNES OF AG-WASTE RECYCLED FOR CLEANFARMS CleanFarms is celebrating a decade of program operations in 2020. The nonprofit environmental stewardship organization, based in Etobicoke, Ontario, (with operations also based out of Quebec, Saskatchewan and Alberta) has recovered for recycling or proper disposal 51,600 tonnes of plastic and other nonorganic ag-waste from Canada’s agricultural sector.

According to CleanFarms GM Barry Friesen, with an estimated 40,000

tonnes of plastic generated in the agricultural sector annually, recovering it with a zero-waste mindset is a tall order, but he promises Cleanfarms is “just getting started.” Materials collected and recovered consist of empty agricultural plastic jugs and containers; used grain bags; empty seed, pesticide and fertilizer bags; and old pesticides and livestock/ equine medications.

NEWS BRIEFS Timeline extended for Ontario Blue Box transition Ontario stakeholders now have until July 8, 2020, to submit input on how the province’s Blue Box recycling program should be transitioned to a full producer responsibility model. Currently under development by Stewardship Ontario, the plan was originally scheduled for submission to the Resource Productivity and Recovery Authority (RPRA) on June 30, 2020, but has been revised to allow more time for stakeholder feedback on transition plan proposals and is extended to July 8, 2020. RPRA approval maintains the original deadline of December 31, 2020.

10 Recycling Product News May/June 2020

CARI’s 2020 convention cancelled The Canadian Association of Recycling Industries (CARI) has cancelled its 79th Annual Convention originally scheduled for June in Halifax. CARI says it will not be rescheduling the convention for this year, but is instead looking forward to next year’s convention, June 9–11, 2021, in Kelowna, British Columbia.


CONNECT WITH US

PLASTICS RECYCLING

PYROWAVE CHEMICAL RECYCLING ONE STEP CLOSER TO COMMERCIALIZATION

Pyrowave, the Montreal-based clean-tech startup that has spent close to a decade developing a microwave-based system that allows for the efficient chemical recycling of mixed plastics, has announced the closing of its latest round of Series B investment. According to Pyrowave CEO Jocelyn Doucet, this latest support marks the next phase of bringing this unique modular technology to market and providing a scalable, viable and sustainable solution for plastics recovery. “This investment marks a turning point in the circular economy of plastics, and the support from Michelin, Sofinnova and Ecofuel sends the signal that the market is ready to implement these solutions,” says Doucet. “Ours is a proprietary technology that uses microwaves to break polymers down to their base chemicals, which is really something different from other available technology. We now have the ability to recover polystyrene, our original focus, as well as polypropylene. Polyethylene will hopefully be added in the near future.”

ROBOTIC SORTING

AMP ROBOTICS MARKS AI MILESTONE

AMP Robotics Corp. has processed one billion recyclables during the 12 months ending March 31, 2020. “AMP had a strong first quarter of 2020,” said Matanya Horowitz, AMP founder and CEO. “Revenue is up, and our project pipeline continues to grow rapidly due to market adoption of our technology and the value it creates for our customers. “We also marked a very important company milestone: identifying, sorting and picking our one billionth piece of material over the last 12 months,” Horowitz continues. “This achievement demonstrates the productivity, precision and reliability of our AI application for the recycling industry. It also represents a meaningful environmental metric in the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by approximately half a million metric tons.”

McCloskey dealer AULT now serving Ontario to Maritimes McCloskey International has appointed AULT as the dealer for Ontario and Atlantic Canada, building on its current position as the exclusive dealer serving the Quebec market. Following its acquisition by Metso in 2019, McCloskey says its distribution network has taken a larger role in the company’s go-to-market strategy. Long-term dealer Jackson Ault, president of AULT, assumed the Atlantic Canada operation in January 2020, and was awarded the Ontario market in March. Ault will now also operate a new dealership, AULT Ontario, near the McCloskey International plant in Keene.

PLASTICS RECYCLING

NOVA AND ENERKEM COLLABORATE ON CLOSED PLASTICS LOOP

NOVA Chemicals, the producer of chemicals and plastic resins, and Enerkem, the waste to renewable fuels and chemicals producer, have entered into a joint development agreement to explore turning nonrecyclable and non-compostable municipal waste into ethylene. Working together, the two Canadian companies will research advanced recycling technology to transform hard-to-recycle municipal waste, including items such as plastics, household waste and construction materials, into ethylene at full commercial scale. As a basic building block for plastics production, ethylene produced from waste would advance a plastics circular economy and help meet consumer brand goals for recycled content in packaging. According to the companies, the quality of polymers produced using their advanced recycling methods are indistinguishable from those made from 100 percent virgin, fossil-based feedstocks.

Peter Nieuwenhuizen, Enerkem’s VP of Technology Strategy & Deployment, commented, “With over 20 years of technology development, we have built a robust gasification platform to turn waste and biomass into fuels and chemicals with high carbon efficiency. Enerkem’s technology has the scale and versatility to supply raw materials for the circular and decarbonized chemical industry that is being created now. Not just for plastics but also for many other chemical ingredients that are vital for everyday life.”

May/June 2020 www.recyclingproductnews.com

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SPOTLIGHT //

For all the latest equipment, systems and technology introductions and updates, visit recyclingproductnews.com or subscribe to our weekly eNewsletter at recyclingproductnews.com/newsletter-info

HYUNDAI LAUNCHES WHEELED MATERIAL HANDLER Hyundai Construction Equipment Americas introduced three new machines at CONEXPO-CON/AGG 2020 in March, including two new excavator models and a wheeled material handler. Derived from the company’s wheeled excavator product line, which includes three HW series models and one 9A series compact model, the new Hyundai HW250MH wheeled material handler is designed to meet a wide range of on-road and off-road applications, and is ideal for use in scrap metal and other recycling applications. “The HW250MH wheeled material handler will find a variety of applications in marine terminals, scrapyards and other bulk materials handling facilities where its agility, load-and-carry capacity and versatility will deliver outstanding productivity and efficiency,” said Stan Park, VP of distribution and marketing for Hyundai Construction Equipment Americas. The HW250MH

features a boom and goose neck designed for lifting and carrying bulk materials and other objects, and an elevating cab that can rise 8 feet 3 inches (2.5 metres). The HW250MH

has an operating weight of 57,540 pounds (26,100 kg) when outfitted with a standard grapple, and provides net power of 174 hp (129.4 kW) using a Cummins QSB6.7 diesel engine.

REGULATION TRACKER FOR COVID-19

CHIEFTAIN HYBRID SCREEN INTRODUCED

Powerscreen introduced its brand-new Chieftain 1700X Hybrid screen, along with the latest telematics and digital technology for its entire lineup, at CONEXPO-CON/ AGG 2020. The new Chieftain 1700X Hybrid boasts a highly aggressive screenbox with a patented 2/4 bearing drive system and improved screening angle. A 16- x 5-foot screenbox maintains the screenbox size and mesh of the current Chieftain 1700, but with increased screening force and an increased screening angle, which combine to give superior screening performance. According to Powerscreen, a number of other changes have been implemented on the 1700X based on customer feedback. Changes include: lower running speed for reduced fuel consumption without compromising power, revised fines conveyor suspension, easier transport, self-tensioning side conveyor sealing rubber, and feedboot improvements for quicker setup.

12 Recycling Product News May/June 2020

Rubicon and legal technology company Libryo, have partnered to offer an innovative new COVID-19 regulation tracker to Rubicon’s U.S. customers. As part of its ongoing commitment to support its customers, partners and employees during the current public health and economic crisis, Rubicon is offering the COVID-19 Regulation Tracker, Powered by Libryo, as a free service to its customers. The platform is being offered in eight U.S. states: California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, Texas and Washington – all among states with the highest rates of coronavirus infection. According to Rubicon, this platform tracks legal requirements resulting from COVID-19 regulation to ensure that partners and customers can better understand and manage their compliance and legal obligations, and provides complete and up-to-date statespecific COVID-19 regulation information.


CONNECT WITH US

NEW V​ AN DYK VISION-AR ADVANCES REMOTE TROUBLESHOOTING FOR THE MRF Van Dyk Recycling Solutions’ new Vision-AR (augmented reality) uses a communication headset that allows recycling industry customers to receive guidance and customer service remotely, hands-free and safely during the COVID-19 crisis, direct from the Van Dyk service desk. Customers can view targeted directions through the Van Dyk Vision-AR display pod, and while wearing the headset, have the ability to speak to an expert technician. The headset is equipped with a small camera and a flashlight, which highlights what the customer is looking at and records their field of vision. The camera streams footage to a computer at the Van Dyk desk in real time so an expert technician can see exactly what the customer sees.

BT SPRAYERS ADAPTED FOR DISINFECTION

Buffalo Turbine has introduced District Disinfector Series sprayers designed to aid municipalities and commercial operations in the fight against COVID-19. This easy-to-deploy self-contained sprayer is capable of disinfecting large areas and equipment, and is compatible with EPA, NYS DEC, CDC and WHO registered and approved disinfectants. “The newly released Buffalo Turbine Sprayers for disinfecting large areas is just a minor adaptation of existing Buffalo Turbine Sprayers,” states Buffalo Turbine owner, Louis Horschel. “We were able to quickly marry our proprietary Rotary Atomizing Nozzle with our line of highpowered blowers. “Our designers and engineers put together a self-contained blower to meet the current needs for efficient disinfecting capabilities on a broad scale.” The District Disinfector Series is available in four models, each specifically tailored to different needs, including a carbureted or electronic fuel injection engine, and with dual spray nozzles.

In addition to seeing the customer’s field of vision, the Van Dyk technician can use AR technology to give the customer clear directives for problem solving, and can even superimpose arrows, circles and other digital elements directly on the customer’s display for clear directions. The computer screen alternates between a desktop display and the camera stream. When digital elements are superimposed over the camera stream, the customer can clearly understand where to go and what to do

to fix issues from the most simple and common to the more complex.

Model 4 The new model 4 E-Z log Baler is just what mid size scrap yards have been asking for! Priced right for any yard — small, mid size, or large! Like the Model 3, the NEW Model 4 has no set up time and a very low cost to operate. The one man operations are all handled from the newly designed cab. With the 400º rotation crane and a reach of 27’ adding the continuous rotation grapple, it makes loading the larger chamber a breeze. Taking your loose scrap to a highly sought after shreddable log.

— Cycles in under 2 minutes! — Produces up to 70 tons per day. — Fully portable in the closed position. — New seat design for more operator comfort.

May/June 2020 www.recyclingproductnews.com

13


COVER STORY

THE OPP

Brian Gist, head of TOMRA UK/sales director metals for TOMRA Sorting UK.


PPORTUNITY FOR ZORBA TOMRA’S NEW X-TRACT FOR MAGNESIUM REMOVAL TURNS ZORBA INTO HIGHLY PURE ALUMINUM TWITCH, FURNACE-READY FOR THE NORTH AMERICAN MARKET

BY KEITH BARKER, EDITOR

A

t the end of April, TOMRA Sorting Recycling introduced X-TRACT for magnesium removal. This first-of-its-kind x-ray-based solution can separate magnesium from aluminum in Zorba and other mixed scrap to unprecedented levels. For auto shredders and scrap recyclers, X-TRACT for magnesium removal offers a reliable, robust and costeffective alternative to sink-float separation and is capable of processing Zorba down to two-tenths of an inch. This, according to TOMRA, will open up domestic markets for low-magnesium Twitch. Brian Gist, head of TOMRA UK/sales director metals for TOMRA Sorting UK, says X-TRACT for magnesium removal brings to the recycling industry, for the first time, a robust sensor-based sorting technology for removing magnesium from small-sized aluminum fractions. Before this kind of technology, recyclers using sensor-based sorting simply could not get the same high-level magnesiumaluminum separation when processing Zorba. “We are thrilled to be the first company in the world to create furnace-ready products using sensor-based sorting, including low-magnesium Twitch, across the full Zorba size spectrum,” comments Gist. “This was previously only accomplished through a two-stage float-sink process. “The difference this technology brings is that it allows the user to go to a sensor-based sorting machine, turn it on, turn the infeed conveyor on and the feeder, put material in, and let it remove the magnesium and other very light materials. Literally it is as simple as that. “Compared that to what we had before, this is a gamechanger.” The upgraded X-TRACT for magnesium removal system uses existing TOMRA XRT x-ray-based technology in a new configuration, with enhancements made to the software, firmware and hardware. The system sorts material of different density levels and separates magnesium from aluminum to create furnace-ready product, with specifications from 5 to 120 mm (0.2 to 4.7 inches.)

“With X-TRACT for magnesium removal, we have greatly reduced the commercial and operational barriers to sorting this material and can offer a proven alternative to replace dense media plant technology for separating magnesium from aluminum,” says Gist, adding that field test results to date have been extremely positive with regards to machine reliability, robustness and sorting stability. There has been extensive testing so far in the United States and Europe.

DIGGING INTO ZORBA

Zorba is derived from shredded and pre-treated nonferrous scrap metals, usually originating from ELV or WEEE recycling, and is predominantly aluminum. The United States generates an estimated four million tons of Zorba annually, which on average contains between two and four percent magnesium. Historically, scrap metal processors exported the bulk of this material to China, but changes to global scrap import policies regarding purity and trade tariffs have created significant barriers to export in the past several years. Although limited export opportunities have resulted in a surplus of Zorba scrap in North America with little end market, because of a growing domestic market for furnaceready material produced from Zorba, there is a significant opportunity for recyclers who can get magnesium out to the levels demanded by smelters. In North America, secondary aluminum smelters in domestic markets require aluminum Twitch produced from Zorba to contain below 0.5 percent by weight of magnesium content, due to magnesium’s high combustibility, which causes some headaches and surprises for operators of furnaces. Until now, the only way of treating Zorba for the removal of contaminants, such as magnesium and other very light materials, has been via two-stage sink-float technology. With this method, heavy metals are separated from the shredder scrap, while the hollow aluminum scrap, magnesium and high-density plastics are floated out in an additional media stage. May/June 2020 www.recyclingproductnews.com

15


COVER STORY Gist says sink-float processes have historically been difficult to manage, require a large footprint, can be relatively unstable and have a relatively high operating-cost-per-ton. He emphasizes that if a recycler today leaves material in typical Zorba state in the U.S. (on average it has between four and six percent magnesium) the domestic market simply doesn’t want it. “What’s traditionally happened is it has gone to China, and they’ve processed it there. All is good, and it comes back as toys or other products made in China,” explains Gist. Now, he says, without the outlet of the Chinese market, especially in the U.S. there are mountains of Zorba that won’t sell and move in domestic markets because of high magnesium content. He adds that while the separated magnesium in itself also has a value, it is not much. “I can probably sell my magnesium product and make 10 to 15 cents a pound, maybe. But it’s only a small percentage of my total Zorba. For every load of clean low-magnesium Twitch that I send out, I’ll be sending out a very small fraction of magnesium.” Eric Thurston, sales manager metals – recycling, TOMRA Sorting Recycling, agrees that there is a strong internal domestic market for low-magnesium Twitch production, and that high purity requirements of secondary aluminum smelters have previously hampered most metal recyclers’ access to the market. He says X-TRACT for magnesium removal eliminates these “purity barriers” and offers many significant benefits to scrap metal processors. “Beyond accessing new and growing domestic markets, adding X-TRACT for magnesium removal to the sorting line increases the market value of the aluminum, minimizes material losses and greatly reduces reliance on costly and risky manual sorting,” comments Thurston. “Our new X-TRACT technology is an ideal solution for both small and large operators,” he continues. “Rather than selling material at a lower price to larger operators for further processing, smaller scrapyards can invest in just one machine and trade furnace-ready aluminum on the domestic market. This

16 Recycling Product News May/June 2020

Top: TOMRA Sorting Recycling’s Eric Thurston, NA sales manager metals – recycling; and Sean Hyacinth, field service engineer, in front of a large pile of Twitch. Middle: X-TRACT for magnesium removal at TOMRA’s testing centre. Inset: The X-Tract x-ray based sorting system. Above: Zorba up close.


expands the company’s customer base and allows it to increase its profitability.” Gist emphasizes that what smelters really want is consistent feedstock. “They want it to be repeatable and they want it to be the best quality for what they pay,” he says. “The point is that if I’m making a Zorba product from my shredder, I can now process it into a low-magnesium Twitch product that I can sell the same day. He says instead of having “cash on the floor,” which at best can be sold to another recycler at a lower value, with X-TRACT for magnesium removal, scrap recyclers can process their Zorba a bit further, get the magnesium out, and sell it into the domestic market.

I’m making Zorba with two to four percent magnesium in it in the U.S., I can’t sell it, or I can sell it at a loss to another recycler who has the right equipment because of the scale of their business.” In either case, he says, the value is lost, and this is why X-TRACT for magnesium removal is a game-changer. “If I’ve got a shredder in the U.S., I am making a mag-content Zorba,

and I need to try to make a Twitch – a magnesium-free or low-magnesium product that I can sell right away. If I can do this, this is great. If I can do this at low cost, with low operation cost and low purchase price for capital equipment, it’s a true winner.” Concludes Gist, “If I own a shredder in the U.S., I need to do this and I need to do it yesterday.” RPN

high-speed Car Crushers & baler loggers

IF I’M MAKING A ZORBA PRODUCT FROM MY SHREDDER, I CAN NOW PROCESS IT INTO A LOW-MAG TWITCH PRODUCT THAT I CAN SELL THE SAME DAY.

ized custom s io opt n ! le availab

BRIAN GIST, TOMRA

“What sensor-based sorting now has the ability to give the smelter is the reassurance that when they go and do their audit, and their due diligence of their suppliers, they can answer the question: “How are you making this low-magnesium Twitch?” “With X-Tract for magnesium removal, they can say ‘we make this low-mag Twitch by putting our Zorba in our hopper, running it through our sensor-based sorting equipment, and it is done right every time.’ The inconsistency of an unstable process has been removed as well as the inconsistency of manual pickers.” Gist continues, “If I’m a processor and

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overbuilt.com | sales@overbuilt.com | 800-548-6469 | 605-352-6469 May/June 2020 www.recyclingproductnews.com

17


HAULING & COLLECTION

HOOKLIFTS VS CABLE HOISTS WHILE CABLE HOISTS ARE MORE ESTABLISHED IN WASTE AND RECYCLING, HOOKLIFTS CAN PROVIDE IMPROVED VERSATILITY, EFFICIENCY AND SAFETY BY KEITH BARKER, EDITOR

A

ccording to Tim Worman, product manager for demountables at Stellar Industries, when it comes to loading containers or truck bodies onto a truck chassis, the North American waste and recycling market has traditionally favoured the cable hoist, while the hooklift has been more prominent internationally, where urban space is generally tighter. Canada has been somewhere in between, based on influence from both markets. He describes the two categories of demountables in basic terms. “Cable hoists use a cable that is manually connected to a container for loading and unloading onto a truck, using a hydraulically operated reeving system, and range up to 75,000-pound-capacity. “Hooklift hoists use a hook assembly to connect to containers, from the cab of the chassis, to load and unload on the truck, and range up to about 65,000 pounds capacity. Both can provide loading and off-loading of waste and recyclable containers at any site, when matched with a properly configured truck chassis.” Worman says Stellar Industries was founded in 1990 specifically to build hooklifts in North America, and since then they’ve been designing and building hooklifts in a multitude of configurations. “We acquired K-PAC in March of 2008,” he continues. “That acquisition got us into the cable hoist market, which we’ve been producing since that time. Worman goes on to say that of the two products they consider hooklifts to be the more efficient system. He adds that for recycling and waste, the best option ultimately depends on the

18 Recycling Product News May/June 2020

application and systems already in place. “The biggest reason that certain markets, including recycling and waste, use a lot of cable hoists still today is that their fleet of containers are set up for cable hoists, not hooklifts, and the cost to convert them means it usually doesn’t make business sense to do so. “As we have looked at the variables between the two markets, the hooklift makes the most sense if you’re new to the business or doing a large-scale equipment swap.” When considering unit capacity Worman says the two types of demountable have similar capacities, up to 65,000 pounds, with cable hoist units going as high as 75,000 pounds. He says that for the most part, in North America for refuse and recycling, mixed waste, scrap and C&D hauling, cable hoists are still most commonly used. “The refuse and recycling market are really where cable hoists live,” he continues. “If you look at refuse, especially with larger setups, the cable hoist is the equipment that everybody uses because their containers are set up for it. Cable hoists fit well for big

refuse collection companies. When you look at the recycling market, primarily scrap, they also use cable hoists. It’s a very mature market and that’s what they started with. “But if I were a new start-up, hauling refuse or recyclables, I’d go right to a hooklift, due to their improved versatility, efficiency and safety gains.”

HOOKLIFT BENEFITS: VERSATILITY, EFFICIENCY AND SAFER OPERATION

According to Worman, one of the key benefits of the hooklift is that it not only efficiently handles containers, but there is a magnitude of different bodies that can easily be swapped in and out. “There’s a litany of things you can do with that single asset for the job you need to do that day,” he says. “You don’t have to have five trucks sitting around, when one truck can easily be configured for different tasks using various interchangeable bodies. You can have one truck with five beds, and you just adapt to what you’re going to do the next day.” Another factor to think about when comparing hooklifts vs cable hoists is efficiency when collecting containers.


With a cable hoist, users are more limited in the number of picks they can do per day because of the process behind it. Worman says the operator has to get out of the truck, pull the cable out, hook the cable to the container, return to the truck, and proceed to pull the container up. When he drops the container, this process is also followed, in reverse. This process has to happen with each pick up and drop of a container when using a cable hoist, but not with a hooklift. When working with a hooklift, an operator eliminates extra steps to hook to a container. The user can deploy the hook, back up to the container, hook the container, and pull it onto the truck without ever leaving the truck cab. The efficiency gain comes from not having to continuously enter and exit the cab. “We’ve looked at this closely, and in our estimation, if you were to switch to a hooklift, you could go from 10 picks per day to roughly 12 picks per day,” he says. “In this scenario that would be a 12 percent gain in efficiency. By doing that with a single asset, you’re putting more money into the profitability of your organization.” A third important benefit of hooklifts compared to cable hoists is safety. Worman first emphasizes that users of any demountable should always check the jobsite before deploying anything. Whatever system is being used, haulers need to make sure there’s nobody around containers, around the truck or overhead. With a hooklift, Worman says safer operation comes simply because the operator is not out of the cab as much, or between the container and the truck at any time to hook to, or disconnect from, a container. “When the operator is dropping or picking up a container, they never have to leave the cab,” Worman emphasizes. “They can do it all from the comfort of their seat, which can’t be said for a cable hoist. “Another safer operation factor for a hooklift over cable hoist, is the mitigation of operators walking in unfavourable conditions, like mud, where they don’t have to drag the large, heavy cable through the environment to hook to the container,” he says. “With the cable hoist process, you NEW DEALERS could see an increase in injuries, such as back, hand or muscle pulls. “These injuries are largely eliminated by having operators do the work from WISCONSIN, ILLINOIS & MICHIGAN the truck cab – which they can only do with a hooklift.” RPN

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May/June 2020 www.recyclingproductnews.com

19


HAULING & COLLECTION

Heil’s latest automated side loader designed for easier operation and maintenance

H

eil recently launched the Command-SST Automated Side Loader (ASL), which incorporates a host of new technologies designed to enhance safety, operational comfort, productivity and maintenance simplicity. According to Pat Carroll, president of Environmental Solutions Group (Heil’s parent company) “The Command-SST is the culmination of almost a decade of design and innovation, based on customer feedback regarding unfulfilled needs.

E

L

V

Our engineers used this data to create a product that truly delivers on customer performance expectations.” He said one of the primary objectives that Heil engineers addressed was the development of an automated side loader that would thrive amid operator and maintenance technician turnover, a problem identified early on in customer interviews. “We knew we had to deliver a side loader that was easier to operate for new drivers and simple

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can be easily swapped out if the arm is damaged,” said Carroll. "This means that fleets running Command-SST’s will have better operational metrics and a far better return on investment. That’s all part of delivering the lowest total cost of collection.” The Command-SST is mounted to a Heil Durapack body, weighing 2,000 pounds less than other side loaders,

which equates to better payloads and increased productivity. According to Heil, with its Odyssey-inspired hydraulic controls, fleet owners can expect fuel savings on par with a front loader. Plus, with the arm mounted to the body, the Command-SST also frees up valuable frame space for nextgeneration technologies that require additional chassis space.

to maintain with fewer moving parts,” added Carroll. “The Command-SST has far fewer moving parts, 50 percent less cab shake for added operator comfort and an advanced in-cab monitor system that keeps the operator’s eyes forward during cart acquisition and dump functions.” Eric Evans, VP of mobile product management for Heil explained the importance of operator comfort and overall simplicity, both from a driver and a maintenance perspective, as key to addressing personnel shortages in the industry. “We’ve heard from all of our major customers that both operator and mechanic retention has been a primary concern, especially with the increased complexity of modern garbage trucks,” said Evans. “The Command-SST addresses these needs head-on with innovative technologies that both the operator and the maintenance specialists will appreciate.” He says the Command-SST’s arm functionality allows operators to grab carts in ditches, snowbanks or even carts that have tipped over, all from the safety of the cab. Additionally, the arm has settings that make it easier to grab cans that are positioned close together. From a maintenance standpoint, the Command-SST arm includes far fewer moving parts and greatly reduced lubrication points that are all accessible at ground level. The arm can also be completely swapped out in an hour. “From a complexity standpoint, Heil engineers delivered with an arm that May/June 2020 www.recyclingproductnews.com

21


ANNUAL ATTACHMENTS GUIDE FOR SCRAP AND C&D

DOOSAN ROCK BUCKET Doosan rock buckets are designed for use with wheel loaders in challenging applications including municipal waste and C&D recycling. • Deliver improved digging and bucket filling. • Reinforced mounting plates offer added durability. • Spade-nose-style design. • Features pin-on mounting and standard weld-on teeth.

LABOUNTY MULTI-JAW DEMOLITION TOOL LaBounty’s Multi-Jaw Demolition Tool (MRX) is designed for efficient downsizing and is equipped with 360-degree rotation for both primary and secondary demolition and offsite concrete processing. • Short centre of gravity for optimal control and maneuverability. • Interchangeable jaw with options for a concrete pulverizer, concrete cracker, or shear. • Open lower jaw, which improves penetration and rapidly downsizes material; wide jaw for efficiency. • Dual rotation motors with superior holding power and durability.

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ALLU BUCKET CRUSHER The AC-Series is a bucket crusher designed for a heavy range of crushing applications including concrete, demolition, recycling and quarrying. • For excavators from 10 to 33 tons. • Easily adjusted to the desired output size with a single pin change. • Able to start the crusher even when fully loaded. • Able to run in reverse, avoiding jams and the bridging of material. • Easy to maintain and to replace wear parts.

LINK-BELT SCRAP GRAPPLES LSG Series Scrap Grapples and LCG Series Contractor Handling Grapples are designed for scrap handling, construction and demolition sorting, and bulk material handling. • Available in four models. • Reverse-mounted cylinders protect rods from damage. • Multiple tine and spade styles; all tine styles feature fully boxed construction. • Heavy-duty guarding system. • Identical hardened steel bearings with dust seals at all pivot points. • Large-bore hydraulic cylinders. • High-torque continuous 360-degree rotation. • Abrasion-resistant steel tips are easily replaced.

EPIROC CONCRETE BUSTERS CB 5500 and CB 7500 Concrete Busters are designed for carriers in the 50 to 85 tons weight class, offering cracking forces of 150 tonnes and 190 tonnes, respectively. • Jaw openings are 1,600 mm and 1,800 mm. • Ideal for demolishing thick foundation walls, as well as cracking girders and heavy concrete at extreme heights. • Two powerful hydraulic cylinders deliver virtually continuous closing force. • Integrated speed valve gives faster working cycles. • Two independently moving jaws eliminate displacement force. • Can be used in residential areas where hydraulic breakers are not permitted.

Maximize your Stainless Steel Recovery with Bunting’s Stainless Steel Separation Conveyor (SSSC) • Patented High-intensity Neodymium Magnetic Circuit magnets deliver intense power to pull out Shredded stainless steel. • Remove up to 94% of large fraction stainless steel and up to 98% of small and mid-fraction 300 series stainless steel. • Achieve higher product purity and the greatest scrap metal recovery profitability with the SSSC. • Our engineers will test your material and design your specific SSSC System to suit your exact needs. 800.835.2526 Sales.Newton@BuntingMagnetics.com Visit BUNTINGMAGNETICS.COM


ANNUAL ATTACHMENTS GUIDE GENESIS MULTI-JAW DEMOLITION TOOL

INDECO NORTH AMERICA MULTI GRABS

The Razer X Multi-Jaw Demolition Tool (GRX) enables excavator operators to change jaw sets in less than two minutes without leaving the cab. • Hydraulic pin engagement and removal for faster and safer jaw change-outs. • Available in cracker, shear and pulverizer jaw configurations. • Heavy-duty pivot design is integral to the jaw set, providing a power curve to match the jaw’s primary application. • Reverse-mounted cylinder protects the rod from debris.

Indeco North America’s new IMG Series of Multi Grabs (grapples) are designed to meet the most demanding material handling, sorting, recycling and demolition requirements. Featuring five different models in a variety of sizes to accommodate all major excavator brands, the IMG Series now runs on the same hydraulic system as the excavator. • Full 360-degree rotation. • High-pressure hydraulic cylinder for better gripping force and demolition performance. • Interchangeable and synchronized jaws to handle multiple applications.

MAGNET GRAPPLE

KINSHOFER MOBILE SHEAR The DXS50 mobile shear has been engineered to deliver maximum force, excellent speed and the lowest weight ratio. • For a wide variety of tasks including demolition, scrap processing and tire recycling. • Equipped with DemaPower 2.0 hydraulic cylinder technology, delivering 25 percent more power than conventional cylinders of the same size, yet with faster cycle times. • Four types of shears available for mounting on 18-80 ton excavators. • Performance equivalent to shears two sizes up.

NPK CONCRETE CRUSHERS These concrete crushers are designed to effectively handle any primary and/ or secondary demolition and recycling operation. • Models for use with excavators in the 21- to 50-ton range. • Abrasion-resistant, high-strengthalloy steel teeth decreases wear and increases durability. • Optional 360-degree power rotation for maximum versatility. • Exclusive hydraulic intensifier system provides faster cycle times compared with units using larger cylinders. • Bolt-on replaceable tooth plate on the movable jaw. • “A” models also utilize bolt-on tooth plate on the fixed jaw.

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24 Recycling Product News May/June 2020

The G4 quick coupler includes a variable pin centre design which allows operators to easily pick up and swap the widest range of OEM attachments. • Can reverse buckets. • Multi-pin pickup system. • Front and rear safety locks backed up by two powerful springs retain the attachment rear pin in case of cylinder failure. • Powerful spring-activated safety locks work in all dirty environments. • Curl-to-release control system. • No greasing requirement, less maintenance and fewer replacement parts.


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ANNUAL ATTACHMENTS GUIDE BTI FIXED HEAD HYDRAULIC PULVERIZER BTI’s MCP-IT fixed head hydraulic pulverizer is designed for secondary demolition. • Quick cycle times and strategically placed teeth for fast fragmentation and separation of rebar from the concrete. • Unique speed alternates between power and speed, depending on the load. • Openings of the fixed body make the unloading of demolished material easier.

MB CRUSHER CRUSHER BUCKETS The MB-L Series Crusher Bucket is suitable for skid-steer loaders, compact track loaders and backhoes. • Four models for carriers ranging from 5 to 10 tons. • Use the hydraulics of the carrier. • Easy to transport, compact, easy to use and low maintenance. • Can also be equipped with a dust suppressor.

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26 Recycling Product News May/June 2020

VA L U E

KENCO SLAB CRAB BUCKET The Kenco Slab Crab is designed for removing concrete slabs and bridge decks. • Models can accommodate slabs ranging from 4 to 19 inches thick. • Available for excavators from 5,000 to 150,000 pounds. • Serrated teeth line the upper jaws to prevent slabs from sliding. • Models are available in sizes to fit backhoe loaders. • Available as a direct pin-on or to attach with our WedgeBolt Coupler System. • Custom models are available.


GENSCO SCRAP AND DEMOLITION GRAPPLES The RS and RSM Series has been designed to handle C&D, rocks, structural scrap, demo debris, loose bundles or oddly shaped material. • Full 360-degree rotation, dangling adaptor or flex mount 2-Pin quick attach interchangeable hydraulic coupler. • Powerful, optimized and custom shapes enable any application or material. • Optimized and protected cylinders with breaking system or thousands of cycles. • Easily changeable shovel or digging tips for increased productivity and less downtime. • Optional 24 or 230V DC Electro-magnet installed.

OUR STRENGTH IS IN OUR STRUCTURE

CAT MOBILE SHEARS Cat mobile scrap shears are available as a straight shear or with rotation. • Optimal jaw and knife design: The dual apex jaw design and bigger jaw opening of these shears offer more strength and a more efficient cut, especially at cutting profiles. • Built to last: The S2000/3000-series are manufactured from alloy steel with superior yield and tensile strength, and with a hardness that’s substantially greater than T1-type steel.

The Bidding is Done. Calhoun’s new Sourcewell Co-Op Contract puts your new fabric structure on the ground faster. This means the bid process has already been satisfied so you can receive price quotes with ceiling-based pricing, and continue to rely on Calhoun’s local dealer network for installation and support.

Let’s get started. For the latest recycling and waste management industry updates related to the COVID-19 pandemic: www.recyclingproductnews.com

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HIGHLIGHTS FROM >> RecyclingProductNews.com

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ADVERTISER INDEX American Baler................................................................ 26

LBX Co.............................................................................. 9

Bateman Manufacturing.................................................. 24

Mack Trucks...................................................................... 4

BM&M Screening Solutions............................................ 28

OverBuilt Inc.................................................................... 17

Bunting Magnetics.......................................................... 23

Paradigm Software.......................................................... 28

Calhoun Super Structure Ltd.......................................... 27

PMR Inc........................................................................... 31

E-Crane International USA.............................................. 25

Recycling Council of Alberta (RCA)................................. 29

ELV Select....................................................................... 20

R.M. Johnson Co............................................................ 13

Gensco Equipment.......................................................... 22

Sennebogen LLC............................................................. 32

Industrial Netting............................................................. 25

STADLER America........................................................... 21

Kensal Carbide.................................................................. 2

TOMRA Sorting Recycling.............................................. 25

LeFort America................................................................ 19

Van Dyk Recycling Solutions............................................. 7

Liebherr............................................................................. 3

CONNECT WITH US

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29


LAST WORD

PLANNING FOR FIRE PREVENTION AND MANAGEMENT

D

BY TONY SMITH (PICTURED) & KENN KUNZE

RECYCLING INDUSTRY COMPANIES WILL MOST LIKELY BE SEEING A 20 TO 2,000 PERCENT INCREASE IN POLICY PREMIUMS IN THE UPCOMING RENEWAL CYCLE.

TONY SMITH

espite strong efforts by the industry, fires in scrap recycling facilities have dramatically increased in the last few years. Nearly 350 fires were reported in the recycling industry in 2019 (according to the Annual Reported Waste & Recycling Facility Fires US/Can, from Fire Rover, LLC, January 2020). Estimates of total fires (including unreported fires) are as many as 1,800 fires per year, and fires resulted in 52 injuries and 5 deaths, with first responders incurring many of the injuries. Because of this, insurance costs for recycling facilities has increased, or coverage has become more difficult to find. Recycling industry companies will most likely be seeing a 20 to 2,000 percent increase in policy premiums in the upcoming renewal cycle. ISRI recommends that you get out in front of this by starting a dialogue with your insurance broker soon. The bottom line is that recycling facility owners and managers need to be mindful of best practices to prevent and respond to fires. This includes proactive measures that many in the industry are undertaking: workforce safety education, implementation of new technologies, and educating customers on what can be accepted at facilities. To help recyclers with planning, ISRI has developed an easy-to-use guidance tool titled “Creating a Fire Prevention and Management Plan.” Developed with the assistance of fire science, insurance and scrap recycling industry professionals, the hope is that the document helps business owners, operators and EHS professionals better understand and mitigate potential risks before they become bigger problems. The document touches on three main areas: 1. Fire prevention: Control fuels and ignition sources and keep them separated. Maintain alarm and sprinkler systems that can respond automatically to incidents. 2. Incipient firefighting: In the event an incident occurs, how should you respond? A plan will help you address it efficiently, but more importantly, safely. 3. Crisis management: If all of the above efforts fail, how will you handle concerns regarding media relations, business interrup-

30 Recycling Product News May/June 2020

tion, injury claims, environmental damage and other variables? It’s important to note that this is a guidance document on how to prepare a fire prevention plan, fight incipient stage fires, and to prepare for an event requiring crisis management. The onus is still on each facility to prepare plans appropriate for their site. ISRI would like all recyclers to be aware of this guidance document and its availability to them for free. The developers have also been presenting at ISRI chapter meetings, and are available for dedicated walkthroughs at recycling facilities to discuss a plan and point out measures that can be taken to implement best practices. During these visits we are seeing fire safety and EHS professionals working with business owners, facility management and EHS management to review their existing fire prevention and emergency response plans, educate the local team on the elements of the ISRI fire plan, and even do a preliminary site assessment for fire risk. Please take advantage of this educational opportunity that will help your business to gain a deeper understanding of your fire risk and how it can be mitigated. It will help you build a path to a more fire-safe environment while you create a task list that can have an immediate impact on fire prevention and fire safety in your business. Fires are very costly in both direct and indirect costs. One of those indirect costs can be a loss of community support. Implementing a plan like this at your business has short-term costs but long-term rewards. Those rewards include employee safety, reduced property loss, limited business interruption, and reduced insurance costs. Your plan is to stay in business. If you plan well, and manage your fire risks, the likelihood of a fire at your business is greatly diminished. ISRI is glad to help but the final outcomes are up to you. How you manage the issues at your property will drive the outcomes. Tony Smith is safety outreach director at Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries (ISRI). Kenn Kunze is fire prevention specialist, IC Fire Prevention.


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