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RECYCLING PRODUCT NEWS

BUILDING ON A UNIQUE

MODEL

NIAGARA RECYCLING’S SUCCESS BUILT ON DIVERSE CAPABILITIES COMBINED WITH A UNIQUE SOCIAL ENTERPRISE MODEL PAGE 24

PUBLICATIONS MAIL AGREEMENT NO. 40069270

EQUIPMENT FOCUS: C&D AND SCRAP ATTACHMENTS PAGE 34

THE ON-SITE ALTERNATIVE FOR FOOD WASTE PAGE 44 April 2019

SCRAP

n

WASTE

n

C&D

n

ORGANICS

recyclingproductnews.com


Wireless updates while on the route. With MackÂŽ Over the Air (OTA), you can wirelessly update the software on your trucks within minutes, without visiting the shop. Learn more about what this new approach to maximizing uptime can do for your bottom line at MackTrucks.com/OTA


EXPERTISE TOO VALUABLE

TO WASTE.

VERMEER KNOWS THE CHALLENGES YOU FACE TODAY. AND TOMORROW. For decades, waste management operations have depended on Vermeer equipment — it’s built to last and fully supported with parts, service and industry knowledge from your local Vermeer dealer. From organic recycling to waste to energy and beyond, Vermeer is innovating the solutions you need to help improve productivity and efficiency. Find your local Vermeer dealer at Vermeer.com.

Vermeer, the Vermeer logo and Equipped to Do More are trademarks of Vermeer Manufacturing Company in the U.S. and/or other countries. ©2017 Vermeer Corporation. All Rights Reserved.


Your Shield Against the National Sword

• Positively sort contaminants and OCC from ONP and Mixed Paper • Positively sort SOP • Positively sort Mixed Paper

Improve Fiber Quality, Reduce Headcount

CIRRUS

Fiber

®

FiberMax™ maximizes fiber quality for best TM

NEXT-GENERATION OPTICAL FIBER SORTING TECHNOLOGY

Visit us at booth #1836

marketability to China and other markets while reducing manual sorter headcount. SEEING IS BELIEVING. Contact us for a FiberMax™ demonstration.

MSS, Inc. | 615-781-2669 | www.mssoptical.com/fibermax | Made in the USA MSS, Inc. is a division of CP Group


CP Anti-Wrap Screen™

• Mitigates Wrapping • Accurate 2D/3D Separation and Sizing • Reduced Maintenance

Less Cleaning. Better Screening. MRF operators face big challenges. Disc screen wrapping doesn’t have to be one of them. Flex-packing and film tend to wrap around standard screen shafts. The CP Anti-Wrap Screen™ has high-agitation discs and extra-large rotor shafts to mitigate wrapping and reduce jamming. Because it runs at peak performance for every shift, the result is higher quality paper and container streams.

Made in the

USA

Visit us at booth #1836

Contact our experts for a quote or demonstration. CP Group • 800-462-5311 • San Diego, California • info@cpgrp.com • www.cpgrp.com/antiwrapscreen


handle your business

Give your operators the best tools possible to get the job done. By offering world-class quality and meeting the highest safety standards, Doosan machinery keeps your workforce running smoothly. DoosanŽ and the Doosan logo are registered trademarks of Doosan Corp. in the United States and various other countries around the world. Š 2019 Doosan Infracore North America, LLC. All rights reserved.

meet your next workforce at doosanequipment.com/handler


FEATURES 24

COVER STORY BUILDING ON A UNIQUE MODEL FOR RECYCLING Efficiently recovering an extensive range of materials while providing employment for developmentally- challenged adults

CONTENTS APRIL 2019 | Volume 27, Number 3

56 INDUSTRY EVENT 61 LAST WORD FRONTLINE DEMO DAY NO TIME FOR INACTION Targets for current plastics and On the scene at Frontline

Machinery’s Demo Day featuring the latest crushers, screens, stackers and a removable genset

food waste strategies are far too accommodating to “business as usual” attitudes

34 EQUIPMENT FOCUS HYDRAULIC ATTACHMENTS FOR C&D AND SCRAP 44 AN ALTERNATIVE APPROACH The founders of Vancouver’s Recycling

Alternative are true innovators in building adaptable waste management programs

is using CDEnviro’s G:MAX to reduce disposal and transport costs for challenging waste stream

52 GETTING PAST WATER WEIGHT Ontario-based Da-Lee Environmental

54 CLOUD-BASED DATA UNLOCKS OPPORTUNITIES New TOMRA Insight platform turns

24

cover story

sorting machines into connected devices

On the cover:

Norm Kraft, president of Niagara Recycling surrounded by stockpiled plastic.

FOLLOW US

@recyclingpn

44 April 2019 www.recyclingproductnews.com

7


CONTENTS

RECYCLING PRODUCT NEWS

APRIL 2019 VOLUME 27, NUMBER 3 EDITOR Keith Barker kbarker@baumpub.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 305 ASSOCIATE EDITOR Lee Toop ltoop@baumpub.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 315 MANAGING EDITOR Kaitlyn Till ktill@baumpub.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 330 EDITORIAL DIRECTOR Lawrence Buser lbuser@baumpub.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 310

12

ASSOCIATE PUBLISHER Sam Esmaili sam@baumpub.com; 604-291-9900 ext.110

22

34

ACCOUNT MANAGER David Gilmour dgilmour@baumpub.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 105 ADVERTISING PRODUCTION MANAGER Tina Anderson production@baumpub.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 222 DESIGN & PRODUCTION Morena Zanotto morena@baumpub.com; 604-291-9900 ext. 320 CIRCULATION baumpublications@circlink.ca; 1-855-329-1909 PRESIDENT / PUBLISHER Ken Singer ksinger@baumpub.com VICE PRESIDENT / CONTROLLER Melvin Date-Chong mdatechong@baumpub.com FOUNDER Engelbert Baum

DEPARTMENTS 12 18 24 34

52

UPFRONT SPOTLIGHT COVER STORY

EQUIPMENT FOCUS: HYDRAULIC ATTACHMENTS FOR C&D AND SCRAP

44 IC&I RECYCLING:

• FOOD WASTE • INDUSTRIAL WASTE

54 MRF OPERATIONS 56 INDUSTRY EVENT:

54 8 Recycling Product News April 2019

FRONTLINE DEMO DAY & OPEN HOUSE

61 LAST WORD

Published by Baum Publications Ltd. 124-2323 Boundary Road, Vancouver, BC, Canada V5M 4V8 www.baumpub.com Phone: 604-291-9900 • Toll Free:1-888-286-3630 Fax: 604-291-1906 Recycling Product News is published eight times yearly: January/ February, March, April, May/June, July/August, September, October, November/December. Advertising closes at the beginning of the issue month. One year subscription rates for others: Canada $33.50 + 1.68 GST = $35.18; U.S.A. $40; other countries $63.50. Single copies $6.00 + 0.30 GST = $6.30; outside Canada $7.00. All prices are in ­Canadian funds. Recycling Product News accepts no responsibility or liability for reported claims made by manufacturers and/or distributors for products or services; the views and opinions e­ xpressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of Baum Publications Ltd. Copyright 2019, Baum Publications Ltd. No portion of this publication may be reproduced without permission of the publishers. Printed in Canada, on recycled paper, by Mitchell Press Ltd. ISSN 17157013. PUBLICATIONS MAIL AGREEMENT NO. 40069270. Return undeliverable Canadian addresses to: Circulation Dept., 124-2323 Boundary Rd., Vancouver, B.C. V5M 4V8; e-mail: baumpublications@ circlink.ca; 1-855-329-1909 or fax: 1-855-272-0972.


WALK INTO A NEW ERGONOMIC DESIGN

THE OPTICAL SORTER WITH EASE OF ACCESS FOR MAINTENANCE Cleaning & Maintenance time reduced by 50%

Safer Accessible Faster Ergonomic

Machinex, as Sorting Technology Experts, strive to provide innovative equipment design and performance. We are constantly focused on the industries’ requests and requirements. With SAFETY, maintenance, and operational availability as our core focus, we have improved the design of our MACH Hyspec Optical Sorter. The new ergonomic design provides increased ease of access for maintenance and servicing and includes a built-in platform allowing for a standing work position. This among many other new features is good reason to ask a Machinex Expert how you can Experience Results in optical sorting.

Sorting Technologies Expert | machinextechnologies.com | 1 877 362 3281


FROM THE EDITOR

Roots not taken for granted

W

Success in industry is

truly better when combined with pride in what one is accomplishing.”

e are very fortunate to work in an industry with such strong roots in environmentalism. So many of the individuals we have the opportunity to meet over the phone and email, and those we get to know at industry events, are truly committed to advancing the movement towards sustainable economies through their entrepreneurship and innovation. The sentiment is tangible on the show floors of industry events and you can sense it behind the enthusiasm of those who describe the details behind what they do for a living. Success in industry is truly better when combined with pride in what one is accomplishing. Every progression our industry puts forth, whether a new, more efficient way to recover valuable materials, new ideas, new methods, improved policy – every step we make towards efficiency and profitability in managing the “waste” we produce – should make us all smile. At this year’s ISRI event, April 8-11 in Los Angeles, for example, I had the opportunity to talk with Tom Eng, president of TOMRA Recycling – who was feeling very positive about the current shifts in the industry towards increased automation, robotics and data optimization. TOMRA’s latest innovation, Insight, is a cloud-based data collection and analytics technology designed to turn sorting machines

into connected devices that can directly benefit MRF and other recycling plant operators with machine monitoring and analysis tools that result in efficiencies and cost savings. See details on Insight technology this issue, page 54. Our cover story about Norm Kraft and Niagara Recycling, an Ontario MRF where they employ developmentally challenged adults, is inspiring and indicative of our industry’s profound effect on the communities it serves. Similarly, Vancouver-based Recycling Alternative’s story this issue is grounded in its founders’ deep connection to their community, and to the mantra of “making this world a better place.” One of their recent successes, Recycling Alternative’s on-site composter has revolutionized the way YVR Vancouver Airport’s high-volume food court manages its food waste, slashing the percentage of material that requires off-site transportation and landfilling by about 80 percent. Next up, WasteExpo 2019 is set for the beginning of May in Las Vegas. After just having finished three days at ISRI2019, its focus on metals recycling primarily, it’s nice to still feel excited about continuing similar conversations and learning about the latest innovations in recycling – this time with a focus on residential and commercial recycling, organics recovery, collection and hauling. We hope to see you there.

Keith Barker, Editor kbarker@baumpub.com 888-286-3630; 604-291-9900 ext. 305

CANADIAN ASSOCIATION OF RECYCLING INDUSTRIES

10 Recycling Product News April 2019

FOLLOW US @recyclingpn


Consulting and equipment sales to help recyclers maximize profits. The most advanced technology in the industry to outfit your turnkey or retrofit project. Decades of experience in: Single stream Plastics Glass cleanup C&D MSW Waste to fuel and more

Waste Expo Booth # 1233 203.967.1100 | vdrs.com | info@vdrs.com

FEATURING Bollegraaf Lubo TOMRA Walair


UPFRONT MRF NEWS

Dem-Con’s latest retrofit adds MSS CIRRUS PlasticMax sorting technology for PET Between the summer of 2017 and the Fall of 2018, Dem-Con Materials Recovery, Shakopee, Minnesota, retrofitted their 20-tph single-stream MRF with three new MSS CIRRUS optical sorters from CP Group, which originally installed the MRF in 2013. Another MSS CIRRUS sensor is currently in production and will install this summer. The three MSS CIRRUS optical sorters installed as of 2018 are used for processing fibre, and according to Dem-Con, have increased recovery, improved product quality and reduced sorter headcount on the fibre QC. The 2017 retrofit included a MSS CIRRUS optical sorter on the tail of the CP Screen before the container line. The 2018 retrofit included two MSS CIRRUS FiberMax optical sorters on the fibre QC lines. According to CP Group, the CIRRUS at the beginning on the container line positively sorts any remaining 3D fibre and sends it back to the fibre lines while simultaneously cleaning the containers. The two FiberMax units on the fibre quality control lines run at 1,000 feet per minute and negatively sort fibre (positively ejects non-fibre) in place of human sorters. This lightens material on the belt and increases accuracy by decreasing collateral damage. The higher belt speeds also increase picks per minute. MSS’ patented Preci-

Rotochopper appoints new CEO Rotochopper, Inc. has appointed Tosh Brinkerhoff as the company’s next Chief Executive Officer, effective March 2019. “Tosh’s personal values, supportive family, collaborative leadership style, professional management experience, heavy equipment marketing and manufacturing expertise, and central Minnesota home base all make for an excellent fit with Rotochopper’s continuing opportunity to grow and sustain the company from its roots in St. Martin, Minnesota,” said Jody Parker, chair of Rotochopper’s board of directors. According to Rotochopper, their board of directors, along with business partner, Granite Equity Partners, conducted a comprehensive search which led to the selection of Brinkerhoff to lead the company. “I am excited to join Rotochopper and I look forward to building on the legacy of leadership, innovation and customer service that has been established at the company,” said Brinkerhoff. 12 Recycling Product News April 2019

sionFlow eject hood is used in combination with air-assist systems for precise material handling of flexible material. “The result of the retrofit has been that we are able to diversify and solidify our end markets while decreasing our operations costs,” stated Mark Pahl, Dem-Con co-owner. “We are able to establish a high-quality reputation in the market for selling paper. We have also realized the ability to recover cleaner containers from the paper screen and maximize the container value.” With the current retrofit, Dem-Con is in the process of updating their MSS Aladdin optical sensor on the container line to an MSS CIRRUS PlasticMax. This optical sorting unit will positively sort PET. MSS CIRRUS units combine high-resolution near-infrared colour and metal sorting which allow a wide variety of materials to be sorted on a single machine. “We continue to work with CP because they are responsive, listen to our needs and always deliver on time,” said Pahl. “CP’s team, through many variations of design, showed

CARPET RECOVERY

Newly formed Circular Polymers to process 30 million pounds of carpet annually in California A team of recycling industry veterans have formed Circular Polymers, a new company that will supply the chemical recycling industry with consistent, high quality feedstock made from post-consumer carpet and other plastic formerly destined for landfill. According to Circular Polymers, their newly expanded facility in Lincoln, California, completed in December 2018, will process about 30 million pounds of carpet per year, with plans to expand further. The company says they have exclusive rights to a proprietary carpet recycling technology developed by Broadview Group International (BGI), a market-disrupting technology that has been quietly optimized by Circular Polymers and BGI over the past year. “Our technology disassembles the carpet then cleans the fibres, thus maximizing yield while providing superior quality,” said BGI president Joe Bork. “The


MORE INDUSTRY NEWS RecyclingProductNews.com

ASSOCIATION NEWS

ISRI adopts first comprehensive Transportation Policy

patience and a commitment to find the best retrofit design. We had a lot of teamwork between our companies throughout the design process.” “Dem-Con is a very progressive company. They adapt and create

opportunities as material streams and markets evolve. We always enjoy working with this group and are proud to call them a long-time customer,” said Ashley Davis, director of sales and marketing for CP Group.

technology processes all carpet types: Nylon 6, Nylon 66, PET and polypropylene.” “Chemical recycling is the solution to global demand for recycled feedstocks in a circular economy,” commented David Bender, Circular Polymers CEO. “Major brand companies working with chemical recyclers need clean, sustainable supplies of feedstock. “We understand that chemical

recycling operations require the conversion of waste into a raw material with strictly defined specifications,” continued Bender. “Circular Polymers is uniquely positioned to supply this growing industry. With more than 25 percent of all recycled bottles getting downcycled into carpet and fibre, Circular Polymers has created a figure-eight in the circular economy, enabling upcycling of carpet into bottles.”

The Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries (ISRI) Board of Directors recently passed a transportation policy to recognize and address the challenges of transporting scrap materials to scrapyards and to customers in a timely and cost efficient way. Unfortunately, according to ISRI, the industry and others are experiencing severe truck shortages, rail service problems and increased costs, as well as inconsistent service on ocean shipping, as fewer ships are being utilized globally. Additionally, the industry has seen labour issues that have stalled activity at West Coast ports. This is the first time the organization has developed such a comprehensive transportation policy. According to ISRI, the new policy will focus on the education of lawmakers and regulators about the transportation problems facing the industry. Efforts will be made to reach out to various transportation associations, including those in the waterways and ocean shipping industries, to make them aware of the difficulties the industry is experiencing, while exploring possible solutions and a move toward increased capacity and infrastructure improvements. Other mandates of ISRI’s new transportation policy include: monitoring, identifying and/or crafting legislative solutions, including participation in infrastructure spending legislation, transportation improvement and oversight proceedings; working with transportation coalitions to craft realistic solutions; and monitoring the developments surrounding Electronic Logging Devices (ELDs) for trucks, the deployment of Positive Track Control (PTC) systems to prevent train accidents, and labour negotiations between port workers and port operators to prevent slowdowns. ISRI says they will also work to urge more private investment in railcars to carry scrap, including gondolas and boxcars, and toward joining forces with other industries to foster a new generation of truck drivers. April 2019 www.recyclingproductnews.com

13


UPFRONT MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS

Screen Machine acquires Diamond Z Effective March 1, 2019, Screen Machine Industries, LLC has become the parent company of Diamond Z. According to the two companies, this will create a strong partnership of two material processing industry leaders: Screen Machine in crushing and screening, Diamond Z in chipping and grinding. Together, both companies will be able to service the growing need for mobile equipment across a number of industries. “Screen Machine and Diamond Z both have a strong history of product quality, innovation and customer service,” said Steve Peel, former CEO and owner of Diamond Z. “As we continued

14 Recycling Product News April 2019

to get to know one another and discuss potential opportunities, it became clear this would be a great partnership.” Shane Terblanche, president and CEO of Screen Machine, commented: “We have a great opportunity to join our shared vision of providing the most durable and reliable products in our industries with our unmatched focus on customer service. Add to that our shared

company values and focus on people and culture, we are very excited to move forward together with Diamond Z and all of its employees, customers, suppliers and the community.” Screen Machine and Diamond Z will continue to operate as they have done for many years from their respective facilities in Etna, Ohio, and Caldwell, Idaho.


MORE INDUSTRY NEWS RecyclingProductNews.com

FILM PLASTICS

Canada Fibers​and Enviroplast form partnership to recycle plastic film Ontario-based Canada Fibers Ltd. (CFL) and Enviroplast are entering into an exclusive supply agreement to recover and recycle plastic film. According to CFL, the strategic partnership between the two industry leaders is in part a reaction to China’s ongoing ban on imports of 24 types of waste material, including plastic film. Anjou, Quebec-based Enviroplast produces pure, low-density polyethylene (LDPE) recycled pellets, which are used as new raw material by plastic film makers. This exclusive agreement will see CFL supply high-quality post-consumer plastic film to Enviroplast’s new state-of-the-art facility in Vaughan, Ontario, to be commissioned in Q3 2019. DRIVER SAFETY

SWANA announces new high-visibility decals for ‘Slow Down to Get Around’ campaign The Solid Waste Association of North America (SWANA) is collaborating with BrandArmor to provide a new safety decal for the back of waste and recycling collection trucks, including front-, rear- and side-loading vehicles. BrandArmor has created large prismatic reflective caution decals, which include the now established warning “Slow Down to Get Around.” The reflective decals will be visible up to a distance of 1,800 feet at night. “I am very excited about these new stickers, which are much larger and more visible than most of the ones currently in use,” stated David Biderman, SWANA’s executive director and CEO. “Motorists continue to drive into the back of industry trucks or strike collection workers with disturbing frequency. The added visibility will make it virtually impossible for a motorist to legitimately claim he or she did not see the truck in the event of a collision.”

CFL says their company has already started to ramp up supply to Enviroplast’s Anjou facility in preparation. “Between the two Enviroplast facilities, this domestic market revolution

allows for the recycling of up to 15,000 metric tonnes annually of plastic film a year following an investment of $25 million,” said Mathieu Séguin, CEO of Enviroplast.

THE ORIGINAL NO-WRAP SCREENS. NO WRAP THROUGHPUT PRECISE SEPARATION UPTIME LOW COST PER TON SCREENS.BULKHANDLINGSYSTEMS.COM

CHECK ALL THE BOXES. SCREEN WITH PURPOSE. Don’t get wrapped up in the hype. Our screens move more material, make precise cuts, operate at nearly 100% uptime and do it at the lowest cost per ton. We developed the original no-wrap screens more than 10 years ago—and did it without sacrificing performance. BHS Tri-Disc screens continue to deliver unbeatable results. Move Material. Size Precisely. Screen Effectively. Don’t Wrap.

What’s next.

See what the global leader can do for you.

BULK HANDLING SYSTEMS | Eugene, Oregon USA | 866.688.2066 | bulkhandlingsystems.com

April 2019 www.recyclingproductnews.com

15


UPFRONT AWARDS & ACCOLADES

Calhoun Super Structure wins Best Fabric Building ​​honours

Tara, Ontario-based Calhoun Super Structure was recently awarded the 2019 Canadian Business Award for Best Fabric Building Engineering & Installations Firm 2019. According to Calhoun’s Deanna Hope, “Success is an evolving thing, and it takes the right combination of people, process, patience and proactivity to continually strive for it. This past year has been a banner year for Calhoun in terms of surpassing goals, exponential growth, and the calibre of projects we have successfully completed for our customers. It truly is an honour to be recognized for that, and it truly would not have been possible without the dedication of our team and partners. Moving forward, we look to further expand our reach into untapped industries and markets by offering new products and expanding our dealer network.”

ROBOTIC SORTING

ZenRobotics three-armed picker first of its kind in scrap metal application

Swedish scrap processing company Skrotfrag is set to install a robotic sorting line for scrap metal equipped with a three-armed ZenRobotics Heavy Picker. The installation, scheduled for this summer, will be the third of its kind in Sweden, but according to ZenRobotics, Skrotfrag will be one of the first companies to apply robotic sorting technology in a scrap metal processing application. Using AI-based software which allows their robots to identify and sort objects faster and more safely than humans, ZenRobotics says their Heavy Picker can identify metal objects such as copper, brass, stainless steel, aluminum or zinc based on specific features. In addition, their robots can be trained to identify specific objects such as electric motors, wires and residue. “We are excited to introduce scrap metal as an application for robotic sorting as it often involves heavy and sharp objects that can be hazardous,” says Rainer Rehn of ZenRobotics. “A great benefit of intelligent robots is their ability to learn to identify various materials and thus they adapt to a wide range of sorting needs.”

16 Recycling Product News April 2019

MORE INDUSTRY NEWS RecyclingProductNews.com

India announces plastic waste import ban The Indian Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has amended the country’s Hazardous and Other Wastes (Management & Transboundary Movement) Rules to include a prohibition of solid plastic waste imports into the country. As per the announcement, made March 6, solid plastic waste will be prohibited from import into India, including in Special Economic Zones (SEZ) and by Export Oriented Units (EOU). The announcement did not initially specify which resins are affected or when the ban will officially take effect. According to a statement from the Indian government, the move was enacted in order to strengthen the implementation of environmentally sound management of hazardous waste in the country, and aims to uphold the principles of sustainable development and ensure minimal impact on the environment.

CWMA appoints new executive director The Coast Waste Management Association (CWMA) recently welcomed Sheila Molloy as their new Executive Director, following the retirement of their long-time leader Will Burrows. In a statement from the CWMA, the B.C.-based organization said “We are thrilled to have Sheila’s enthusiasm and expertise to help us shape the next chapter of our success and continue to build on our mission to foster environmental leadership and best practices by providing a forum for discussion, education and networking. Our extended network will have opportunity to both welcome Sheila and say farewell to Will and ‘Team Burrows’ in person at a CWMA Networking event to be held in conjunction with our Annual General Meeting, scheduled for June 14, 2019.”

Metso Waste Recycling strengthens presence in North America with latest appointment Metso Waste Recycling recently announced the appointment of Lou Martins as their new General Sales Manager in North America. According to Metso, Martins brings with him significant experience and a proven track record from the solid waste market, including six years with Van Dyk Recycling Solutions. Metso says part of Lou’s tasks will be to establish Metso’s Waste Recycling organization in North America to drive growth in the region, for both static and mobile waste shredders.


GRINDING Simplified

DZ OEM Parts

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Lowest Cost Per Finished Yard High Productivity | Minimal Downtime Machine Range: 30,000 - 180,000 lbs Type: Wheel, Track & Stationary Power: Diesel & Electric Horsepower: 400 - 2,400

208.585.2929 www.DiamondZ.com


SPOTLIGHT Liebherr features material handlers, attachments and L 550 XPower wheel loader at ISRI 2019 Liebherr displayed two high performing material handlers, a range of attachments, and the latest highefficiency wheel loader, at the Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries 2019 convention and exposition in Los Angeles, California, April 8-11. The LH 22M material handler (right) has a reach of nearly 33 feet, and a sturdy, compact design, which makes it particularly suitable for deployment in recycling. It has the latest engine and hydraulics technology, developed in-house by Liebherr, and is equipped with a fuel-efficient 143 horsepower/105 kW engine that meets emissions standards. Both the LH 22M and LH 30M (190 hp/140 kW) on display at this year’s event feature a 4-cylinder inline diesel engine from Liebherr. The Liebherr L550 XPower wheel loader on display at the ISRI 2019 exhibit booth featured a full guarding package, particle protection and an air pre-cleaner, along with optimal placement of the cooling package. This loader also featured the Liebherr-XPower driveline, paired with Liebherr-Power

Efficiency, designed to increase uptime and fuel efficiency, as well as continuous tractive effort control to prevent wheel spin, long-life tires and easy maintenance.

116J

105J - M

M Model

E

18 Recycling Product News April 2019

L

V

www.elvselect.com E: sales@elvselect.com P: 519.400.5204


OUR LOOK AT THE LATEST NEW AND UPDATED EQUIPMENT, TECHNOLOGY, PARTS AND SYSTEMS FOR RECYCLING AND WASTE MANAGEMENT

Upgraded, compact mixed C&D waste system unveiled at bauma 2019 At bauma 2019 in Munich, April 8-14, Doppstadt presented its proven mixed construction waste processing concept: a screening machine, wind sifter and density separator – now more compact and less costly than before. According to Doppstadt, this system is especially suitable for companies who are new to the industry and for companies with small quantities of waste to process. With the combination of three different technologies to create one integrated separation process, even the heaviest impurities can be separated, and severely contaminated types of waste material can be sorted effectively. In the first step, a 518 Flex screening machine separates large- and small-grained ingredients. In the second step, an Easy 800 overhead conveyor separates foils and plastics. In the last step, the HDS-S density separator removes heavy materials and any remaining lighter materials. This process cleanly separates stones, wood, iron, foils, polystyrene foam and other impurities before discharging for recycling.

Isolation mounts reduce vibration, shock for shredders

Model 4

The new model 4 E-Z log Baler is just what mid size scrap yards have been asking for! Priced right for any yard — small, mid size, or large! Like the Model 3, the NEW Model 4 has no set up time and a very low cost to operate. The one man operations are all handled from the newly designed cab. With the 400º rotation crane and a reach of 27’ adding the continuous rotation grapple, it makes loading the larger chamber a breeze. Taking your loose scrap to a highly sought after shreddable log.

Best Process Solutions (BPS) complete line of shredder isolation mounts for the auto shredding and recycling industries are designed to reduce vibration and shock from impact loading, which are major causes of wear and fatigue. These heavy-duty units are located between the main shredder assembly and the concrete support foundation. They feature high-impact side guards and heavy-duty mechanical down stops, do not require hydraulic dampening fluid and are virtually maintenance-free due to an elastomeric isolation element.

— Cycles in under 2 minutes! — Produces up to 70 tons per day. — Fully portable in the closed position. — New seat design for more operator comfort.

April 2019 www.recyclingproductnews.com

19


SPOTLIGHT Peterson 1700D horizontal grinder is heavy-duty and mobile Peterson Pacific Corp. has introduced the new 1700D horizontal grinder. Heavyduty and mobile, the 1700D is designed to reduce a wide range of materials, using a large feed opening of 54- x 27-inches (137 x 69 cm). According to Peterson, when boosted by their high-lift feed roll, the feed opening’s maximum lift of 41.5 inches (105 cm) can tackle the largest of feedstock, and allows excellent accessibility to the rotor for maintenance. “The new 1700D is smaller and lighter than our other grinders but still packs impressive performance,” said Jody Volner, president of Peterson Pacific Corp. “The 1700D is ideal for small mulch, compost or pallet grinding operations, as well as municipalities looking for a smaller machine, but still needing excellent throughput for a grinder of this size.” These new grinders are equipped with a Caterpillar Tier IV C9.3 455 hp (433 kW) engine, or an optional (export-only) C9 Tier III, 350 hp (261 kW) engine. At 41,000 pounds (18,597 kg) it is also the lightest of Peterson’s grinder series and is easily transportable.

Other key features of the new 1700D include Peterson’s Adaptive Control System, featuring a fully adjustable feed and optimized for a wide range of materials, a control panel with large display that provides the operator with complete engine and system parameters, Peterson’s patented Impact Release System to protect the machine against ungrindable materials, a quickchange multiple grate system, and

Positive seal tailgate for truck bodies and containers

Philippi-Hagenbuch Inc., (PHIL) a specialist in off-highway truck customization, has released a new version of their Autogate Tailgate specifically for offhighway trucks and roll-off containers that require a 100 percent positive seal. This new design can be paired with PHIL’s proprietary fluidic seal material to create a watertight seal that contains liquid materials within an offhighway truck body or roll-off container when environmental regulations or local laws make even slight spillage undesirable. According to the company, the new Positive Seal Autogate Tailgate can be designed for practically any size off-highway truck or roll-off container. Roll-off containers with this feature are designed to pair smoothly with an industrial-strength hook truck outfitted with a corresponding tailgate outrigger. In addition, this Positive Seal Autogate Tailgate can be built up for sideboards, available in one-inch increments from 6 to 40 inches in height, and which provide a unified body height while increasing the volumetric capacity of the truck body.

20 Recycling Product News April 2019

Peterson’s patented up-turn rotor, heavy-duty bits and robust anvil for long wear life and accurate product sizing. In addition, the Peterson 1700D is Peterson+ enabled for remote monitoring. “We are excited about the capabilities of this remarkable grinder, and have it loaded with the features that Peterson customers have come to expect from our products,” said Volner.

FUSO gas-powered Class 5 cabover trucks set for availability in 2019 During the NTEA Work Truck Show in Indianapolis in March, FUSO unveiled its new FUSO FE180 gasoline-powered cabover truck. This extension of FE GAS series trucks offered by FUSO is designed exclusively for North America, where the company said the demand for gasoline-powered trucks continues to increase year-over-year, according to industry data. “We understand from our research that many diesel Class 5 truck owners want increased power allowing for more payload,” said Justin Palmer, president and CEO, Mitsubishi Fuso Truck of America. “Later this year, customers will have this option when our new FE180 GAS comes to dealerships.” According to FUSO, they developed this new truck with the understanding that gasolinepowered trucks are shifting industry norms


OUR LOOK AT THE LATEST NEW AND UPDATED EQUIPMENT, TECHNOLOGY, PARTS AND SYSTEMS FOR RECYCLING AND WASTE MANAGEMENT

Volvo CE launches company’s largest high-reach excavator in North America The new EC750E HR high-reach excavator from Volvo Construction Equipment offers reach up to 118 feet high and is capable of handling up to 8,000-pound tools, making it a versatile and powerful demolition excavator. Units can also be easily reconfigured using extensions and different boom sets to become a multi-use demolition tool. “The EC750E HR is based on our popular EC750E crawler excavator but has been substantially re-engineered for high-reach deconstruction purposes with a heavier and wider undercarriage and factoryfitted guarding,” said Walter Reeves, sales manager for demolition products at Volvo Construction Equipment. “The features on this machine give it the power, stability and versatility contractors need to tackle some of the most challenging, large-scale demolition projects.” The EC750E HR includes Volvo’s patented hydraulic modular joint concept to allow high reach to be The Javelin™ changed into a digging configuration with only one person in less than an hour, Brand of Magnetic and a second hydraulic modular joint on Separators are specifically the extension boom allows the angle of engineered for your application to both the extension and the digging boom provide higher recovery rates at lower to be set quickly and safely between bent and straight configurations. operating costs.

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from diesel to gas. The FE180 is powered by a GM 6.0L V8 engine delivering 297 hp and 361 lb.-ft. of torque. The powerful engine is combined with a commercial-grade PTO-capable Allison 1000 Series transmission, including FuelSense 2.0 for DynActive Shifting that can provide a 2 to 6 percent improvement in fuel economy. The entire FE GAS series is built at Freightliner Custom Chassis Corporation (FCCC), a Daimler Truck plant in Gaffney, South Carolina.

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SPOTLIGHT FEATURE PRODUCT

LINK-BELT 250 X4 AND 250 X4 LATEST MATERIAL HANDLERS DESIGNED FOR SCRAP AND DEMOLITION

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BX Company has introduced two new models for the U.S. and Canada: the Link-Belt 250 X4 Material Handler (MH) and the 250 X4 Scrap Loader/handler (SL). Both feature an electronically controlled 177 horsepower Isuzu engine that meets EPA Final Tier 4 requirements without the need for a diesel particulate filter (DPF). The 250 X4 MH material handler and 250 X4 SL scrap loader are purpose-built for material handling and demolition applications. The MH (Material Handler) configuration has a curved boom and straight arm, while the SL (Scrap Loader/ handler) has a straight boom and droop-nose arm. According to LBX, the hydraulics package features award-winning Spool Stroke Control (SSC) technology to achieve maximum control and productivity, and a preset hydraulic motor and pump for 15 kW hydraulically driven generator with controller installation mount comes standard on 250 X4 SL. “The new hydraulics package delivers up to 7 percent faster cycle times than its predecessor,” said Adam Woods, LBX Product Manager. “This performance increase is largely due to a new proprietary control valve with a 30 percent larger hydraulic passage area. But we didn’t stop there. We increased the size of arm, boom and auxiliary spools to reduce pressure loss and distribute oil more smoothly.”

22 Recycling Product News April 2019

“Two electrically controlled Kawasaki pumps and one Kawasaki gear pump assure that hydraulic flow gets delivered precisely when and where it’s needed. The end result is more smoothness, maneuverability and precision across all operating modes.” Woods continues, “All of these performance enhancements don’t compromise fuel efficiency, either. A 3 percent DEF consumption rate, combined with a large DEF tank gives it the longest DEF refill interval in the industry.” Both new LBX machines also feature a heavy-duty, highwide undercarriage, oversized turntable, and larger drive motors for dependable, long life service. With any Link-Belt product, the bearing tub extends down through the top plate of the X-Pattern Carbody and is welded to the bottom and top plates of the Carbody for exceptional strength and durability. 600 mm (23.6-inch) 3-Bar Steel Grousers, Carbody Belly Pan, Double Track Guard and Sealed Link Chain are standard. Servicing is a snap, with convenient, ground-level access to all routine service points, including sample ports for engine and hydraulic oil. All service ports are easily accessed via hand-turn knobs. Other key features of the new 250 X4 MH and the 250 X4 Scrap SL include: a roomy cab designed to maximize operator comfort, convenience, visibility

Two electrically controlled Kawasaki pumps and one

Kawasaki gear pump assure that hydraulic flow gets delivered precisely when and where it's needed. The end result is more smoothness, maneuverability and precision across all operating modes.” Adam Woods and safety; hydraulic cab riser for an operator view of 16-feet, 10 inches (4.85 m) at eye level height. For the ultimate in visibility, a Wide Angle Visual Enhancement System (WAVES) can be added. “WAVES is an exclusive, award-winning

feature for Link-Belt X4 material handlers and scrap loaders,” Woods said. “The system is easy to use and includes three closed-circuit, high resolution cameras that provide a seamless 270-degree viewing envelope with no blind spots.”


COVER STORY

BUILDING ON

Norm Kraft, president of Niagara Recycling, and employee Kevin 24 Recycling News line. April 2019 Fripp on the Product container


ON A UNIQUE MODEL FOR RECYCLING NIAGARA RECYCLING IS A NON-PROFIT SOCIAL ENTERPRISE COMPANY THAT IS EFFICIENTLY RECOVERING AN EXTENSIVE RANGE OF MATERIALS WHILE PROVIDING EMPLOYMENT FOR DEVELOPMENTALLY CHALLENGED ADULTS BY KEITH BARKER, EDITOR

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iagara Recycling was incorporated in 1978 as a non-profit social enterprise company. Norm Kraft started with the company in 1989, became CEO in 1993, and has never looked back. “I’ve seen everything in this business,” says Kraft. “The ups and downs of the marketplace, the evolution of technology. It’s certainly been an incredible ride.” Niagara Recycling pioneered recycling in the region in the Seventies, starting with door-to-door collection of newspaper using cube vans. In 1985 they implemented the second residential recycling Blue Box program in the province of Ontario – likely the second in Canada after nearby KitchenerWaterloo. “By the early nineties, all 12 municipalities in the Region had implemented blue box programs,” says Kraft. “In 1996, the Niagara Region assumed responsibility for all waste management including recycling, and we’ve enjoyed a mutually beneficial 23-year partnership with them ever since.” At the start, as a non-profit social enterprise company, Kraft explains that Niagara Recycling was set up in partnership with another non-profit organization known as NTEC (Niagara Training and Employment Center) which has the sole mandate to provide assistance to people with developmental disabilities. “We were originally one of the arms for NTEC,

where we would integrate developmentally challenged adults into our workplace,” he explains. “There was hardly any equipment then, maybe a few conveyors and mostly manual sorting of newspapers…a far cry from the sophistication used in MRFs today.” He adds that to his knowledge, Niagara Recycling’s partnership with the Niagara Region, combined with its social mandate, is not a model that is being used elsewhere at MRFs on the same scale. “Most of the MRFs in Ontario are operated by large corporations, as they are in many cities across North America, so it’s rather unique to have this kind of close relationship with our Region,” he says, adding that their facility also includes a MRF educational component through which they conduct public tours and school tours. “Since it is a public asset, it is important to showcase the facility to the community. “Our relationship with Niagara also provides great flexibility for the Region as program changes can easily be made, often without complex and more costly negotiations that would occur with a private sector operator,” he says. “We receive a fee for running the regionally owned 100,000 squarefoot MRF and that fee is put back into the community. We submit an annual budget, they cover the expenses and they receive all the revenue from the sale of commodities. “We operate as a non-profit social enterprise with two focuses. One is obviously to help the environApril 2019 www.recyclingproductnews.com

25


COVER STORY

On the fibre line at Niagara Recycling. ment through recycling, but secondly, it is to support the program here for developmentally challenged adults. It’s a very unique model for providing recycling services.” Working with NTEC, Niagara Recycling hires individuals with developmental disabilities who are fully integrated into their operation, working a 40-hour work week. They also run a work experience training program, providing part-time positions. According to Kraft, since 1996, Niagara Recycling has donated over $2.5 million back into the Niagara Region to support programs for developmentally challenged adults. “Individuals in the part-time program receive counselling and coaching and skills development, and they get behavioural support and performance assessments,” explains Kraft. “It’s a way of teaching individuals with disabilities about life and work skills.” He adds that while they only have so many positions to offer, the part-time positions often integrate into full-time or part-time jobs within the local community. “For any business that has an opportunity to integrate developmentally challenged individuals into the workplace, we highly recommend it,” he continues. “They’re working on the sorting lines,

26 Recycling Product News April 2019

sorting polystyrene, paper or other plastics – wherever anyone else can work. And the changes in these individual’s personalities is profound – once they get into the workplace, they gain social and work skills.” He says the employment of developmentally challenged adults also provides great benefits for Niagara Recycling. “It brings a feeling of community and it boosts morale. Co-workers are always watching out for these individuals, and they have a great sense of humour and bring laughter into our workplace. They are a very special part of Niagara Recycling.”

DUAL-STREAM AND A DIVERSITY OF INFLOW

Niagara Recycling, different from most programs in North America currently, is a dual-stream MRF, and always has been. Kraft says more and more programs, especially smaller ones, are starting to revisit the choice to operate as single-stream, especially in light of changing global markets, such as China which has all but shut their doors to anything other than nearly 100 percent pure, uncontaminated recyclable material. When fibre is mixed with plastics and other Blue Box materials as incoming material in single-stream collection programs, it takes significantly

more processing effort and infrastructure to meet very strict contamination standards – for both streams of materials. “There’s a rethink around the benefits of single-stream,” he says. “The fact that we’ve been two-stream from day one has ensured that we maximize our revenues and diversion from landfill.” Niagara Recycling processes about 300 short tons of curbside and commercial material daily. Of that total, about 75 to 80 percent is fibre and most of the remainder is plastic and other containers. In Niagara, with about 450,000 residents, residential recyclable materials are collected in two curbside boxes. The fibre stream is collected, along with plastic film, in a curbside Grey Box, including cardboard box board, newspaper, magazines, catalogues and office paper. The second stream, collected in a curbside Blue Box, consists of glass bottles and jars, steel cans, aluminum beverage cans, foil, aluminum, steel and aluminum aerosol and paint cans, polycoat and aseptic cartons, as well as all plastics one through seven, including polystyrene (styrofoam). Kraft says that, generally speaking, residents do a good job of keeping items separated properly, but notes that the biggest challenge remains the proper source-separation of plastic film. Residents are asked to make sure all their plastic film, grocery bags, plastic packaging and stretch wrap is put into one bag, tied and placed in the Grey Box with the fibre stream. Often however, plastic film is still placed in the Blue Box, or loose in the Grey Box, which makes separation very challenging. “We find film stays cleaner when it’s in the Grey Box, which makes it better for our end market to process,” he explains. “It is easier to separate this way, because when it gets in the Blue Box container stream the bags can rip open easily on the glass and metal, and become contaminated with liquids and fine glass.” He adds that while their two-stream system is a part of why Niagara Recycling has proven to be one of the more cost-effective operations in the province, the diverse nature of the materials they accept is also a significant factor. “We have as comprehensive a list of acceptable items as probably anyone out there,” says Kraft. “Unlike most other


recycling operations in Ontario, if not Canada, we have diversified beyond the traditional model where a municipality hires a contractor to process material from Blue Box or Grey Box programs. “For us, 52 percent of the tonnage that we process is from the residential program here. But because our facility is owned by the Region, through our unique partnership we also work together to bid on other contracts. About 48 percent of the volume we bring in is from third party municipal contracts and from commercial recycling programs that Niagara Recycling has developed over the last 30 years or more.” He says some third-party contracts they bid on in Ontario include additional fibre and containers from other municipal Blue Box programs, and all their contracts add up. “If we’re processing 78,000 tons a year, those third-party contracts are close to 37,000 tons, so it allows us to generate more income for the Region.” With all of these sources, including some acceptable drop-off of items,

including textiles and bulky rigid plastics such as old Blue Boxes, lawn chairs and more, Niagara Recycling definitely has one of the more comprehensive recycling programs in Ontario and maybe in Canada. Outside of film plastic and black plastics (including food trays and flower pots), items that many programs do not accept, they also recycle aerosol paint cans and expanded polystyrene (white and coloured styrofoam.) “We have been able to find diverse markets and we’ve put in equipment that has allowed us to stay in the business of recycling a wide range of commodities,” he says. Yet another example of the diversified nature of Niagara Recycling’s business is that they provide on-site document destruction services. “We bought a ShredTech shredding truck in 2012 and we offer on site NAID (National Association for Information Destruction)-certified shredding,” Kraft explains. “We provide on-site shredding services to local businesses, institutions and

For any business that has an opportunity to integrate developmentally challenged individuals into the workplace, we highly recommend it.” Norm Kraft municipal offices. It’s another way to generate income. “We bring in upwards of up to 80 tons a month,” says Kraft. “Office waste is worth a significant amount of money. Plus we charge for shredding services, so it definitely brings in good extra revenue for the Region.”

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COVER STORY PROCESSING POLYSTYRENE AND GLASS

Niagara Recycling’s diversified capabilities include two particularly challenging materials: polystyrene (white and coloured styrofoam) and glass. In 2016, after their optical sorting units were installed, they also installed a cold-press polystyrene processing plant, by which styrofoam material is compacted, without melting, up to a 50-to-1 ratio. “We make it into 50-pound blocks that are about four feet long by one foot by one foot, which we stack on a pallet,” explains Kraft. “We’re actually shipping that to Europe and it’s been a huge benefit for the Region.” Formerly, they marketed polystyrene with their mixed plastics, but that devalued the mixed plastics. “Today, I probably couldn’t even sell mixed plastics containing styrofoam,” he says. “The reason we put the system in was to process the styrofoam separately from our mixed plastics. Now we get over $50/ton for our mixed plastics and over $250/ton for polystyrene EPS blocks.” He says their recovered polystyrene is made into pellets, and then into new products such as crown moulding and picture frames. “Something that we may look at down the road is: does it make sense for us to do some pelletizing of our styrofoam, rather than shipping it all overseas for pelletizing? Maybe it makes sense to do it right here in Ontario.” For glass collected through the Region’s Blue Box and other contracts, Niagara Recycling uses a processing system they designed in-house, creating the end-product Niagara Ecoglass. Kraft explains that while most MRFs throughout Canada accept glass and many are investing in cleanup systems so they can move the material to end markets, those markets remain very strict on quality. Glass processors charge anywhere from $10 per ton up to $60 per ton, plus freight. Niagara Recycling, on the other hand, keeps it in-house, processes it and sells it for over $100 per ton. “We sell our Ecoglass in 50-pound bags, with our product information in French and English. We sell it in bulk, loose, dump trailers, and in large 3,000-pound sacks for some industrial customers. We sell about 90 percent into the sandblasting market. Our process makes great economic sense for glass, even when you factor in the cost of processing it. We are saving money on shipping it and not paying a glass processor to take it.” Kraft explains that their process first uses magnets to remove any small caps, lids, nails, etc. that were missed by the container line electromagnet. Then glass goes through a primary grinding stage where it is broken down to about a three-quarter-inch material. From there it goes through a series of screens and more magnets which remove even smaller pieces of metal. “Then it goes in the dryer, which is where our process starts to move away from a traditional cleanup system,” he explains. “Once we have the moisture down to less than half a percent, then that glass passes over a large multi-deck screen and makes three different product sizes that we’re able to sell. We have a coarse, a medium and a fine. The largest size glass that we make is about a 16-mesh – a little bit bigger than a sand particle.” He says in total they process over 5,000 tons a year of glass,

28 Recycling Product News April 2019

Niagara Recycling’s cold-press polystyrene processing setup compacts EPS into 50-pound blocks. adding that because the material is very dirty when it comes in, contaminated with plastic, lids, labels, food waste and other residue, they do depend on their equipment and process to do a lot of cleaning and vacuuming to get that contamination out. “When you sell it as a sandblasting abrasive you can’t have clumps of paper in there because it will jam their sandblasting nozzle.” Kraft continues, “We have a sustainable market for glass where we’re actually in control of our own destiny. And we have an efficient process. We don’t have to worry about having a market that may change, or where they may not take our material in the future. We’ve developed a very solid market for glass, which is a great accomplishment for Niagara.”

OPTICAL UPGRADES WITH END MARKETS IN MIND

In late December 2015, the Niagara Region implemented a $2.5 million upgrade at the Niagara Recycling facility. “We became one of the first in Ontario to use twin optical sorters to positively eject brown materials (cardboard/boxboard),” says Kraft. “At that time there was nobody else doing that at the level that we were proposing.” He explains that prior to their upgrade, fibre was manually sorted after the OCC separator. Now, the twin optical sorters are not only effectively ejecting cardboard and boxboard, they also eject items that shouldn’t be in the fibre stream, including polycoat cartons, loose film, and all plastic bottles and containers. “Each optical sorter operates at a throughput rate of 12 tons per hour, so up to 24 tons per hour over the two units, which is very impressive,” says Kraft. Niagara Recycling’s optical sorting system was installed by Van Dyk, using Titech optical sorters – the largest models currently on the market at nine feet wide (shown above, opposite) While Van Dyk won the bid to put in the upgrade on the fibre optical sorting system, Kraft says the rest of the facility, since it was commissioned in 2004, is a combination of equipment and


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COVER STORY HDPE. We don’t have any dependence on foreign markets for plastics.” Still, according to Kraft, the recent news about India planning to close its doors to mixed materials, with a similar policy to China’s, leaves a lot of questions about what effect it will have on pricing in North America. He says MRFs that were shipping to India may now have to look at possibly re-routing into facilities in Canada and the U.S., which could end up driving prices down and be a big concern for MRF operators. “I don’t know how that’s going to impact things here, but it certainly will impact companies that ship commercial grade films and other grades overseas,” Kraft says. “It’s going to probably put renewed emphasis on the need for more advanced processing here in North America in terms of pelletizing plastics. Once you pelletize, you can ship more into foreign markets.”

NEW STEWARDSHIP POLICY – UNCERTAIN FUTURE

Niagara Recycling uses twin Titech optical sorters to eject browns, cartons, film and plastic bottles from the fibre line at up to 24 metric tonnes/hour. technology from various suppliers. At the time they installed the optical sorters in late 2015, he says the objective was mainly to help create better quality material for the local mill, Resolute Forest Products. “We made the investment to improve our quality. At that time our quality was upwards of 30 percent contamination, consisting of all the plastic, garbage, as well as cardboard and boxboard. But within a year of installation, Resolute went out of business. All of a sudden, now we had to look at the export market because there wasn’t sufficient domestic capacity to take our recovered newspaper. “Then all the ‘problems’ started happening in 2017 with China’s announcement about restricted imports of mixed recycled materials.” At that point he says because of their 2015 upgrade, they were well suited to be able to tackle the challenges associated with the new quality requirements. “Our quality went from about 30 percent con-

30 Recycling Product News April 2019

tamination, including prohibitives and outthrows, down to about 12 percent, which for us was tremendous,” he says. With close to a 60 percent improvement in quality, it ensured they were able to continue to ship to export markets, other than China. “With that investment in our optical sorters in 2015, taking a risk at that time on this equipment, it worked out very well in terms of being able to meet the current tougher market specifications.” Currently, Kraft says about 80 percent of Niagara Recycling’s newspaper is exported to markets including Indonesia, Korea, Vietnam and India. With respect to plastics, the story is a bit different. “We have not shipped any of our residential Blue Box program plastics to China in almost 10 years, and never to India,” he says. “We have sustainable markets right here in Ontario and the U.S. for our plastic film, our mixed plastics, our bulky rigid plastics and our PET and

In Ontario, currently, the province is looking at switching to a 100 percent Stewardship-funded program for residential recyclables, similar to what has been done in other provinces in Canada. For Niagara Recycling, Kraft says the prospect of this new policy in Ontario evokes some red flags with respect to the future of their operation. “Right now, in the province of Ontario, Stewardship Ontario pays 50 percent of the costs of our programs for collection and recovery of blue box materials,” explains Kraft. “In British Columbia, about five years ago they switched to a 100 percent Stewardship-based program. Now they want to go to a similar 100 percent stewardship-run program here.” He notes though that Ontario is somewhat different from B.C., because of the difference in scope. “Ontario produces at least three times as much recyclable volumes as B.C., so it means larger scale impacts.” He explains that Stewards in Ontario currently pay more than $125 million a year to municipalities to offset 50 percent of their recycling program costs. The money is removed from the residential tax base. With the proposed new program, that number could double


to about $250 million a year. “If you talk to the Stewards or the Provincial Environment Ministry, basically the philosophy is that if the Stewards are going to pay for the program entirely, they want full control of the collection contracts and MRF processing operations,” says Kraft. “What it means potentially is that there is going to be consolidation, there’s going to be local job losses. Companies like ours who help the community through our social enterprise model – the small companies, the non-profits who really are the engines that started recycling back in the ‘70s and ‘80s here – will likely all be gone and it’s going to be only the ‘big players’ that are going to be running our recycling facilities.” He says as far as he understands at this early stage, what the provincial government is aiming to do is have a centralized framework that essentially takes the number of MRFs in Ontario from about 53 to as low as 10 or 12. So far, a strategy has been developed based on what is referred to as catchment areas. Due to their location and population, it is most likely the nearest centralized facility would be situated in the Hamilton area. He says if this happens, Niagara Region material may have to be hauled to Hamilton at the Stewards’ expense, for example. “Then what opportunities will we have to stay in the business?” asks Kraft. “The Niagara Region would have to bid on processing its own material, and if Stewards don’t like the price they get from Niagara, then our region would be stuck with a potentially empty facility – a stranded asset as the Stewards refer to it.” He says the current government is pushing this agenda, and it is expected that a new program will be rolled out by late 2021. “That’s the latest I’ve heard and read and that’s a pretty quick timetable to start transitioning municipalities over to a 100 percent Stewardship based program.” He also notes that while Stewards would only be responsible for the residential recycling program, which does not include commercial materials, they would likely also lose some of their current third party contracts with municipalities, as these would be captured in the other catchment areas established by the Stewards. “It’s disappointing that the Stewards

and Province would not consider a hybrid model in which municipalities who own MRFs and prefer to do their own curbside collection and processing would have a choice to receive an increase in funding from the current 50 percent to about 80 percent, and could then continue to operate their recycling program on this basis. This would be a win-win situation for municipalities

and smaller operators such as us. The Stewards would save about 20 percent in funding and in Niagara, we would make up some of the difference through our unique programs such as on-site shredding, glass processing and other commercial programs. There would also be no impact in recycling service levels to the taxpayers in Niagara.” Continued on page 58.

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Advertorial

TY Double-Pattern Tread Designed To Solve Solid Tire Challenges

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rom manufacturing to scrap metal and waste processing, mining and mill services, there are many situations where industrial solid tires are needed, and each location’s operating conditions are as unique as the activities that go on there. TY Cushion Solid Tire’s new and Improved double-pattern “DP” tire tread features a slick inner side that provides the shock reducing, smooth ride TY tires are known for, while the lug-side channels away surface debris for non-slip power and grip. This tire pattern is especially useful for bucket loading in waste transfer stations or for “working the pile” in scrapyards, in

the harshest environments. It is available for common tire sizes and fits OEM rims. According to TY, based on feedback from customers, this redesigned tire tread solves all the problems with traditional industrial tires and delivers unrivalled performance in muddy, wet or slippery conditions. Even on icy, oily or steep loading ramps, the DP’s dual benefit tread provides the best of both worlds – traction and smooth ride. “Every TY Cushion tire helps reduce spinning and skidding, but each tread pattern has several unique benefits,” explained Jesse Chuang, TY Solid Cushion Tire. “The better we can help you identify the suitable tires

32 Recycling Product News April 2019

and compounds for your industry-specific application, the lower your operating cost per hour will be.” These new “Double Pattern” tires can also be rotated, so users will get the maximum return from their investment. Much the same as with tires on a daily commuter vehicle, performing the suggested and proper tire rotations will help solid tires wear evenly, and protect machines against undue shock and stress. “The TY factory produces the TY Cushion Tire line exclusively so the company can adapt quickly to real-time feedback from the field and make improvements,” continued Chuang. “After listening to customer ratings regarding

performance, TY USA, together with the R&D team at the factory, performed a mini-redesign of the shape of our large loader size tires. This minor redesign of the XD tires immediately improved wear and durability ratings seen in the field.” The improved line of XD tires are now standard in the lug-tread “D” pattern, or with the new double-pattern “DP” tread, as well as a smooth “P” tire, in sizes of 17.5–25 inches and above.


ATTACHMENTS EQUIPMENT FOCUS FOCUS

HYDRAULIC ATTACHMENTS

FOR C&D AND SCRAP

Hydraulic attachments are integral tools for recyclers. Size reduction, cutting, crushing, screening, moving and sorting of materials can all be accomplished at the end of an excavator, loader, material handler, or scrap handler, by operators comfortably and safely in control from their cab. The following Equipment Focus takes a look at some of the latest model grapples and grabs, pulverizers, multi-tools and shears, as well as screener/ crusher buckets, along with some of the latest sophisticated attachment mounting and tracking technology. The latest models feature faster cycle times, improved hydraulics, component protection, high-wear steel, easily interchangeable jaw sets and replaceable wear parts. 34 Recycling Product News April 2019

DOOSAN GRAPPLES Doosan grapples (above) are designed to be paired with Doosan material handlers for scrap and recycling applications. Doosan’s 360-degree hydraulic rotating four-tine grapples feature a semiclosed tine design, allowing a firm grasp on most materials. The tines are designed with AR400 high-strength, abrasion-resistant steel for increased durability, and tine tips are replaceable for easier maintenance. A 5/8-cubic-yard grapple is approved for use with Doosan DX210WMH-5 and DX225MH-5 carriers, while a 1-cubic-yard grapple is approved for use with the DX300MH-5 model.

SHEARFORCE FIXED PULVERIZER ON DISPLAY AT FRONTLINE DEMO DAY 2019 ShearForce Equipment, the Langley, B.C. based new and used heavy equipment distributor and rental specialist, was on hand at Frontline Machinery’s Demo Day 2019, held March 13, in Chilliwack, B.C. One of the company’s available models, an SP30 model Fixed Demolition Pulverizer (shown right) was demonstrated crushing concrete with rebar. According to ShearForce, these pulverizers are designed to be a reliable and powerful tool for secondary demolition and recycling of concrete. With its wider jaw, exceptional closing force and short cycle times, the ShearForce SP Fixed Pulverizer provides excellent productivity in concrete reduction and reinforced steel separation. Units feature a speed boosting system for fast cycle times, a bolt-on replaceable one-piece solid tooth system, steel cutting blades in the throat with four usable sides, and a heavy-duty cylinder cover. See more about Frontline’s Demo Day 2019 on page 56.


INDECO MULTI-GRABS AND SHEARS AMONG RANGE OF ATTACHMENTS

NPK DEMOLITION GRABS Designed for use with excavators in the 11- to 44-ton range, NPK Demo Grabs feature high durability and low maintenance costs, making them highly efficient for sorting and recycling C&D waste. These attachments feature: high tension wear steel; 360-degree hydraulic rotation; wide jaw opening; high closing force; fully encased, easily accessible hydraulic components; adjustable rotation speed and opening/closing speed; and interchangeable and reversible cutters.

Indeco North America’s new IMG Series of Multi Grabs (grapples) are designed to meet the most demanding material handling, sorting, recycling and demolition requirements. Featuring five different models in a variety of sizes to accommodate all major excavator brands, the IMG Series now runs on the same hydraulic system as the carrier, a marked improvement over previous models. Features of Indeco IMG Series Multi Grabs include: full 360-degree rotation; high pressure hydraulic cylinders for better gripping force and demolition performance; interchangeable and synchronized jaws to handle multiple applications; frame and jaws made of Hardox ™ wear-resistant steel; end-of-stroke cushion and protective casing for cylinder; protection valves for hydraulic rotation and heat-treated pins. Other available attachments from Indeco include ISS steel shears (right, middle) IFP fixed and rotating pulverizers (right, bottom) and an IMP Multiprocessor which allows for multiple jaw sets.

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EQUIPMENT FOCUS: HYDRAULIC ATTACHMENTS FOR C&D AND SCRAP ALLU TRANSFORMER D-SERIES SCREENER CRUSHER ATTACHMENT The ALLU Transformer D-Series Screener Crusher bucket attachment works with wheel loaders, excavators, skid steers and backhoes to screen, crush, pulverize, aerate, blend, mix, separate, feed and load C&D materials all in one operation. These units are designed to process wet or dry materials quickly and efficiently, reducing cycle times and resulting in increased production and substantial savings on operating costs. They easily handle demolition waste, construction waste, milled asphalt, glass, recycling materials, biowaste, glass, bark, compost, excavated and waste soil, and a range of other materials.

LATEST CAT MULTI-PROCESSORS PROVIDE VERSATILITY; MOBILE SHEARS FEATURE OPTIMUM FORCE-TO-WEIGHT, AND NEW ATTACHMENT TRACKING SYSTEM AVAILABLE Three new Cat MP332, MP345, and MP365 Multi-Processor models are heavy-duty, high-production tools that accept multiple interchangeable jaws for taking on a variety of specialized demolition tasks. The new models, compared with previous models, can cycle 50 percent faster and generate up to 19 percent greater cutting/crushing forces. An innovative locking system enables a single operator to typically change jaw types in 15 minutes or less, using only standard hand tools. Available jaw sets include a concrete cutter, demolition, pulverizer, shear, tank shear, and universal for both steel and concrete. Key features include: speed booster technology that dynamically shifts hydraulic force from speed to boost mode, automatically; maximum crush-

ing/cutting force applied as soon as the jaw contacts material; compact design keeps centre of gravity as close as possible to the machine for better power, even on smaller carriers. Plus, most cutting blades can be flipped in two ways, to use four different cutting edges for more production time per cutter.

MOBILE SHEARS The latest Cat S2000/S3000 Series mobile shears, designed for hydraulic excavators working in scrap and demolition applications, feature optimum force-toweight ratios that yield faster cycle times and more cuts per hour, compared with predecessor models. Built with added strength and jaw protection features, these new models can be boom- or stick-

mounted and are available in both straight (S2050, S2070, S2090) and 360-degree rotating (S3050, S3070, S3090) configurations. The rotating feature allows the shear to be positioned in optimum cutting positions without moving the carrier.

ATTACHMENT TRACKING TECHNOLOGY Caterpillar recently announced the addition of the PL161 attachment locator to the Cat Product Link hardware product line. The PL161 locator is an advanced OEM-integrated technology for attachment tracking, including location and utilization. Users can know where their attachments are across all worksites, reduce the number of lost attachments, and plan for maintenance and replacement.

36 Recycling Product News April 2019


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EQUIPMENT FOCUS: HYDRAULIC ATTACHMENTS FOR C&D AND SCRAP PULVERIZER AND SORTING GRAPPLES For 2019, Connect Work Tools is adding pulverizers to their product lineup, which also includes breakers, compactors and grapples. Available Connect Work Tools pulverizers (left) include four models, non-rotating and rotating, with an internal speed valve for faster cycle times. Key features include: one-piece changeable tooth plates made of Hardox steel and an available 360-degree hydraulic rotation kit for changing from non-rotating to rotating configurations.

WE’LL HANDLE IT

Connect Work Tools’ CG Series Sorting Grapples (above) are fully rotating, available in four models, and are ideal for industrial demolition and recycling. The durable design offers easy serviceability with 360-degree hydraulic rotation and bolt-on, reversible cutting edges.

EPIROC MULTI-PURPOSE COMBI CUTTER HYDRAULIC ATTACHMENTS

www.batemanmanufacturing.com 38 Recycling Product News April 2019

Designed for primary demolition and secondary reduction of concrete structures, and for cutting steel structures at demolition sites. Epiroc’s multi-purpose Combi Cutter hydraulic attachments are designed to maximize carrier versatility and operator productivity. These models are suitable for carriers from 33,000 to 188,000 pounds (16.5 tons to 94 tons) and use two powerful hydraulic cylinders to deliver constant closing forces to material with short open-close cycle times. Key features of Epiroc’s Combi Cutters include: low noise, low vibration operation; 360-degree endless hydraulic rotation to allow optimal positioning and precise handling; and replaceable and reversible cutting blades with attachments that can be equipped with different jaws according to jobsite requirements.


EQUIPMENT FOCUS: HYDRAULIC ATTACHMENTS FOR C&D AND SCRAP AMI’S KRAKEN CONCRETE PULVERIZER

GENSCO RS AND RSM SERIES WITH OPTIONAL MAGNET Gensco Equipment’s latest RS and RSM Series hydraulic grabs have been designed to handle C&D debris, rocks, structural scrap, loose bundles and oddly shaped material. Units feature rugged construction and large openings. They are available with an optional, installed 24- or 230V DC Electro-Magnet. Key features of the RS/RMS series include: full 360-degree rotation; dangling adaptor or flex-mount 2-pin quick attach interchangeable hydraulic coupler; optimized and protected cylinders with breaking system; high quality construction with wear-resistant steel, resulting in reduced operational downtime; and easily changeable shovel or digging tips for versatility. 2019 marks Gensco’s 100th anniversary serving industrial markets.

The AMI Kraken Concrete Pulverizer for excavators is designed specifically to crush concrete methodically and efficiently. The Kraken features a series of replaceable jaw teeth that are welded into place. Longer teeth in the centre of the jaws concentrate pressure across fewer points on the initial crush of concrete while the secondary teeth adeptly crumble the concrete into manageable pieces. Also available, AMI’s Graptor Bucket is the only integrated thumb bucket powered by a helical actuator, producing over 38,000 footpounds of torque at 3,000 PSI, for holding strength that maintains constant grip on loads throughout the bucket’s entire rotation. AMI’s Extractor is another versatile demolition and sorting tool – a grapple capable of taking down buildings, moving large volumes of material and picking through fine recyclables. The Extractor rotates 360 degrees and features flexible jaw operation with edge-to-edge contact, reversible cutting edges and a zero-clearance design for maximum productivity.

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Okada America, Inc.’s all-new Rotating Pulverizer ORC Series is designed for both primary and secondary crushing operations. The toughest concrete demolition jobs are no match for the ORC Series. The key design features include a unique double shell-shaped wedge that provides exceptionally greater crushing ability, patented Okada speed valve for faster cycle times and cost-saving reversible 7.1 inch long cutter blades. Call 1-800-270-0600 for the name of the Okada Distributor nearest you. You can Count on Okada.

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EQUIPMENT FOCUS: HYDRAULIC ATTACHMENTS FOR C&D AND SCRAP FORTRESS MOBILE SHEARS

EXC MECHANICAL CONCRETE PULVERIZERS Breaker Technology Inc. (BTI) EXC Series Mechanical Concrete Pulverizer attachments are designed using high-strength wear-resistant steel for superior strength, long life and durability – for quiet, controlled demolition and recycling of concrete structures. Units provide high-level penetration and fragmentation of materials and are engineered for reduced downtime with bolt-on replaceable teeth that allow for quick change-outs in the field. EXC mechanical concrete pulverizers use existing carrier hydraulics, so no additional circuits are required.

42 Recycling Product News April 2019

Fortress mobile shears from ShearCore offer innovative design and engineering, with an optimized structure for long life, high strength-to-weight ratio and a proven design with ease of maintenance in mind. Key features of Fortress mobile shears include: top quality rotation components rated for full machine pressure to ensure reliability; a significantly enlarged pivot group that eliminates the need for auto guide and dramatically improves performance and durability; upper and lower jaws made from 6-inch high-yield structural plate steel which significantly reduces the need for laminations; and a massive two-piece piercing tip that doubles the size of the shear’s protected area.

15-SECOND ATTACHMENT CHANGES OilQuick’s OQC fully automatic attachment system allows for changes from a grapple to generator magnet in only 15 seconds. The OQC is a suspended quick coupler, primarily designed for use on loading cranes and other material/scrap handling machines. This system includes an extremely rugged 360-degree rotator mounted on a fully hydraulic, proven quick coupler. Units are rated for over 100 amps continuous operation, with two sizes available to fit most machines, and come with an adapter with coupling ramp for hydraulic or high-voltage attachments.

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IC&I RECYCLING: FOOD WASTE

an alternative approach THE FOUNDERS OF VANCOUVER’S RECYCLING ALTERNATIVE ARE TRUE INNOVATORS IN BUILDING ADAPTABLE WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAMS FOR THE IC&I SECTOR BY KEITH BARKER, EDITOR

I

n the late 1980s Vancouver-based Recycling Alternative founder Louise Schwarz was driven by the ambition to help change the culture surrounding waste management and advance the transition away from a “throw-away” society. She still is. She began by collecting office paper from local businesses in a hatchback car, and co-founder Robert Weatherbe soon joined as a partner. When they started as a non-profit, Schwarz was a teacher and Weatherbe was working as a mechanical engineer. “We were managing the business ‘from the side of our desks’ at the start, for quite a few years,” explains Schwarz. “The hatchback grew into a van, then a larger truck, and then multiple trucks.” Schwarz and Weatherbe can now

44 Recycling Product News April 2019

look back at three decades of serving the IC&I (industrial, commercial and institutional) sector with waste management solutions, and the establishment of multiple community-partnership based programs and initiatives in Vancouver’s downtown core. Their business is now a for-profit operation co-located with the non-profit charitable organization United We Can, a bottle depot which serves Vancouver’s inner-city lower-income population with employment opportunities and a safe place to deliver returnable containers for refund. Recycling Alternative is also itself an inclusive employer for people with barriers to employment. Recycling Alternative’s clients include offices and retailers, restaurants and hotels, shopping centres, events and festivals, multi-tenant apartment build-

The cost to generators,

composters and to the environment can be immense when using centralized models that require long-distance transportation of materials.” Louise Schwarz


Opposite: Louise Schwarz and Robert Weatherbe, co-founders of Vancouver-based Recycling Alternative. Right: The zero-waste three-compartment truck designed by Robert Weatherbe in 2012 as a way to pick up three types of materials simultaneously. Using their compact truck, they can efficiently collect wet materials (organics) and dry materials (paper and containers) in dense urban areas. ings, high-rises, and, recently, Vancouver International Airport. Materials processed range from food waste, wood waste, paper and cardboard to glass, metals, plastics, e-waste, EPS, batteries and lights. According to Weatherbe, one of the biggest challenges in IC&I waste management is not the collection, it's the engagement and education of the staff in a given organization. “Waste management for businesses is like an engine. You need to maintain it,” he says. “A lot of what we do is on the consulting side. We've moved into providing better education programs and engaging our clients’ staff to help them understand how to design their waste management systems so that they have better recovery models in the back end. “Our clients are not in the business of waste,” he continues. “At the same time, they want to trust that they’re getting the best bang for their buck from a waste partner. They don’t know what the best, most cost-effective diversion options are. We come in and we help mitigate that challenge.” As an example, Weatherbe says they work with clients on upstream procurement, helping them understand what their supply chain looks like in terms of sustainability, including how to make better procurement choices and streamline their supply chain. “Community impact is also very important to us,” adds Schwarz. “How can we create community models that provide employment and deal with waste? We need circular models. “In our case, why I think we’ve been very successful with this is that we’re trusted as an organization that has alApril 2019 www.recyclingproductnews.com

45


IC&I RECYCLING: FOOD WASTE ways been very focused on diversion, on waste reduction, on reuse and recycling. We’re focused on best practices for how to manage waste and on introducing new programs. Our ‘wheelhouse’ is innovation and pushing the envelope in waste management. “Our clients understand that we are very much in the trenches working directly with waste materials. We are collecting and moving materials, processing and brokering. Our consulting, as well as our education and engagement with clients and the community, comes from a real place of knowledge and a foundation in reality. We’re not consultants that don’t have our hands dirty. We know what’s happening with markets and on the ground, we know what’s working, what is not.”

ON-SITE COMPOSTING TECHNOLOGY

Recycling Alternative has most recently turned a large portion of its attention to food waste management. In 2015, Metro Vancouver officially introduced a ban on food waste to landfill. Prior to the ban, Weatherbe and Schwarz started looking around for

Waste management for businesses is like an engine. You need to maintain it. It’s about providing better education programs and engaging staff to help them understand how to design waste management systems so they have better recovery models in the back end.” Robert Weatherbe 46 Recycling Product News April 2019

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CM

Recycling Alternative’s food waste composter in a multiresidential application.

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CMY

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technology that could provide a viable solution to businesses – one that could help them manage this very challenging, heavy and contaminated stream. “We use machines that are essentially compact, in-vessel food waste decomposers,” explains Weatherbe. “The technology dehydrates material and turns it to compost, greatly reducing material volume in 24 hours. “We now provide these machines, customized for our clients, to turn wet food waste into a dry residual, partially composted material. They are ideal for food courts in shopping centres, for example. One of our most successful installations is at YVR (Vancouver International Airport), the first North American airport to introduce this technology.” He continues, “When we started out in food waste, we realized that contamination levels were really high in programs where consumers were left to sort waste themselves. We have since de-

veloped hosted sort station programs for food courts, where food waste is separated by an organization’s custodial staff instead of the actual consumers. Once we did that, some of our food-court clients went from 25 percent diversion up to 90 percent, which is dramatic.” He says by installing their food waste composting machine, the volumes on-site that need to be collected and removed from the business are dramatically reduced. Material is dried into an inert product, eliminating odour, fruit flies, maggots and other problems, and the output can be utilized for landscaping and other composting applications. As the material is dehydrated, it becomes densified. It can be stored for longer periods of time and be efficiently transported to a composting site if needed. Moisture is exhausted through a venting system and the machines have a built-in bio-filter to manage odour.


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IC&I RECYCLING: FOOD WASTE “There’s no water used in the system and no waste water is discharged into the sewer systems,” explains Weatherbe. “These machines also handle contamination very well.” Once material is dried and reduced, he says it is easy to manually pick out contamination, or it can easily be screened out. “ROI in most cases is less than three years,” he adds. “And again, it’s not just about the composting machine, it’s also about the program that goes with it – the education of the staff.” According to Schwarz, once large corporations and businesses start to deal with their food waste, they realize they can increase their diversion rates and save money on disposal and transport. She says the application of on-site systems such as theirs isn’t just ideal for large, commercial generators of food waste such as food courts and airports. “Multi-unit residential buildings and high-rises, where residents are generating high-volumes of food

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waste, are ideal for this technology as well,” she says. Both Schwarz and Weatherbe agree that on-site waste processing technology is going to be a big trend for food waste management in the coming years – and they are very happy to be at the forefront of this development.

THE CASE FOR VANCOUVER AIRPORT

Since October 2016, Recycling Alternative has been running an onsite composting program at Vancouver International Airport. “We’ve established an entirely new sorting system for food waste at YVR’s international food court,” says Weatherbe. “Passengers, after they finish their meal, drop off their tray and YVR staff sort material into garbage waste destined for the landfill and food waste that goes into our on-site composter.” Since the YVR program was started, Schwarz and Weatherbe estimate that there’s been an 80 percent reduction in food waste to landfill from their international food court. “This project has been a great success, and we need to keep expanding these kind of initiatives so that we can direct waste away from the landfill,” says Weatherbe. “It is only going to become more and more important as the number of passengers that use the terminal increases.” He says YVR plans to add two more machines in the near future, and the goal is to have all food waste managed on-site at YVR, with no food waste being sent off-site. “Instead of food waste having to be hauled to a composting facility, we’re actually going to process it on site, for use on site,” he says. “At YVR, what we want to do now is map out their whole waste material flow, for all of the location points of food generation, and see how we can implement a full on-site composting process – not using a windrow in the back lot somewhere, but actually inside the airport.” He says YVR would be one of the first airports in North America that is fully composting internally, with multiple machines around the airport, and with no more food waste removed from the site. “Our system not only provides an 80

percent reduction of waste, and produces closed-loop compost which can be used for landscaping, it also means our clients such as YVR have less need to source fertilizers for their landscaping,” adds Schwarz. “And the material being produced is extremely nutrientrich. It’s inert, pathogens are killed, and it’s quality tested. It can be used for the landscaping on-site and there are no odour issues.”

A FUTURE IN DE-CENTRALIZED FOOD WASTE MANAGEMENT

When food scraps are sent to landfill they take up valuable space and break down over a long period of time, releasing huge amounts of methane gas. “It essentially closes the loop on all of the nutrients they contain,” comments Weatherbe. “Alternatively, by composting, we can loop those nutrients back through another cycle for growing more food.

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IC&I RECYCLING: FOOD WASTE “When our machines have finished composting, if the resulting material is not being used on-site directly, we take the compost material out and send it to a local processing facility,” he continues. “Once it’s there, they’ll mix it with other compost products to create agricultural-grade soil amendments as well as biofuel.” Schwarz emphasizes another important factor that makes composting so important is that organics disposal rates continue to escalate, with major increases over the last few years. “Over the last two years the disposal cost for food waste has more than doubled, and is almost three times what it was in 2017,” she says. “We have seen even higher increases in Calgary. The cost of dealing with food waste is going up rapidly.” “To decrease these costs, we want to be able to provide our on-site systems in all kinds of locations – in food courts as well as multi-resident towers.” Schwarz says whether organics are sent to landfill or a large centralized composting facility, one of the biggest benefits for any application of on-site composting is simply that it eliminates the need for hauling a very heavy material, often long distances. Recently, the commercial composter Harvest Power decided to close its composting site in Richmond, B.C., largely

50 Recycling Product News April 2019

Waste sorting stations in the YVR international food court. due to regulatory uncertainty around odour and other compliance issues. With this kind of large compost facility closure, combined with the region-wide ban on food waste to landfill, there is no reasonably located, cost-effective option for managing food waste, outside of onsite processing. “We can have these same conversations around what’s happening with wood waste, or what’s happening with plastics and fibre, now that markets have crumbled,” says Schwarz. “For food waste, with large centralized mod-

els where waste needs to be transported an hour or more, out of urban areas, the carbon impact alone is significant. And these large facilities are having huge challenges with capacity and managing odour. Another local, large-scale facility in the area is run by GFL/Enviro-Smart. “They’re in the middle of a large infrastructure development, and are spending millions of dollars to put the operation undercover so that they can continue to operate,” says Schwarz. “These are the challenges of dealing with food waste and organic materials. The cost to generators, compost processors and to the environment can be immense when using centralized models that require long-distance transportation of materials. “We have been looking for and implementing solutions for this stream now for many years,” she continues. “On-site composting is an excellent, efficient solution. Going forward, businesses need to start thinking and acting on implementing these kinds of alternative solutions for food waste – and all waste generated by the IC&I sector. “The solutions are definitely available. It’s a matter of spreading the word, educating the industry, changing the culture surrounding waste management and continuing to advance the transition away from our ‘throw-away’ society. We are very happy to be part of it.” RPN


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IC&I RECYCLING: INDUSTRIAL WASTE

GETTING PAST WATER WEIGHT ONTARIO-BASED DA-LEE ENVIRONMENTAL IS USING CDENVIRO’S G:MAX TO REDUCE DISPOSAL AND TRANSPORT COSTS FOR CHALLENGING WASTE STREAM

D

a-Lee Environmental Services, based in Stoney Creek, Ontario, offers a range of industrial waste classification services. The company provides treatment, disposal, transportation and handling of a wide range of hazardous and non-hazardous materials around Southern Ontario, from Toronto to the U.S. border. Prior to investing in their CDEnviro equipment, Da-Lee added sawdust to a range of challenging solid/liquid materials – everything from gully waste to hydro excavation waste – to solidify the materials sufficiently to allow them to be taken by truck to landfill. While this remains a responsible way to process these wastes, there were a number of efficiency issues that Da-Lee wanted to improve upon. Firstly, sawdust is an expensive commodity and represented a considerable annual overhead, not just in its purchase, but in the logistics of transport and handling the material onsite. Plus, by adding sawdust, the material was solidified but not dewatered. This means that the weight of the water was still going to landfill (costing Da-Lee money) instead of being removed and processed through their onsite liquid waste treatment centre. According to Da-Lee, once the weight of the water was added to the weight of the solids, along with the sawdust, the cost of taking these materials to landfill was considerable – both in terms of the gate fee cost per ton, and the carbon footprint impact of the entire operation. This led to the search for a more sustainable approach, one that decreased the weight of the waste going to landfill, the logistical burden on the team and the overall impact on the environment. With an increasing demand for their services, Da-Lee needed a highly efficient process that reduced both disposal and transport costs, so they could maintain the level of service to their customers. A CDEnviro G:MAX was installed at Da-Lee’s Stoney Creek site in 2018 with the aim of treating storm drain material, gully and culvert waste, gross pollutant traps, hydro excavation waste and a range of other materials. The CDEnviro G:MAX employs wet processing techniques specifically designed to treat and dewater these waste streams, extracting sand and oversize components in the process, and leaving the residual water easier to treat. Da-Lee’s recovered sand output products can now be diverted from landfill and be reused in a number of low-grade construction applications such as pipe bedding, road fill and landscaping. The remaining dewatered material is easy to

52 Recycling Product News April 2019

Da-Lee Environmental is using a CDEnviro G:MAX to process challenging wet industrial waste.

Recovered output is diverted from landfill and can be reused in a number of low-grade construction applications. handle and dispose of. Since the CDEnviro G:MAX was installed, Da-Lee reports greatly increased efficiency and they are accepting more contracts than before, bringing the best value to their customers. “The G:MAX has helped us dewater many of our solid/ liquid waste streams in a more efficient way than we were previously,” commented David Rogers, CEO at Da-Lee Group. “From cost savings to a more streamlined process onsite, this has made a big impact across the business.”


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NOM DU DOCUMENT

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DATE MODIFICATION

21 March 2019 3:11 PM

DIRECTION ARTISTIQUE Benoit

DATE DE SORTIE

21/03/19

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CONTACT

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cloud-based data unlocks opportunities NEW TOMRA INSIGHT PLATFORM TURNS SORTING MACHINES INTO CONNECTED DEVICES

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OMRA Sorting Recycling has launched a cloudbased data platform, TOMRA Insight, which the company says unlocks valuable new opportunities for sorting equipment users, and can transform sorting from an operational process into a strategic management tool for fact-based decision-making at every step of the value and production chain. According to TOMRA, Insight turns sorting machines into connected devices that generate process data. The new platform collects this data in the cloud and turns it into actionable information accessible through a web interface, using monitoring and reporting functions designed to complement, not replace, existing process control systems. The secure cloudbased data transmission and storage package is provided in partnership with industry-leading cloud computing service Microsoft Azure. “The launch of our revolutionary TOMRA Insight platform is but a first step in the future evolution of improving the sorting circuit’s overall operating performance,” said Carlos Man-

chado Atienza, regional director Americas, TOMRA Sorting Inc. “It unlocks the true power of near-real-time reporting of operating data, so our customers have the necessary tools to monitor and optimize their sorting processes, improving profit potential. “TOMRA Insight will allow us to enhance service and maintenance schedules, offer predictive analytics for a component’s service life and develop optimal machine sorting configurations, technologies and applications.” TOMRA Insight’s near-real-time data is accessed via a secure connection and includes a user-friendly interface on desktops as well as on mobile devices, anywhere and at any time. This provides machine users the freedom to remotely analyze performance metrics and proactively manage machines for performance optimization and preventive maintenance. By providing digital metrics such as throughput, material and size distribution, acceptance and rejection rates, and more, Insight gives equipment operators the critical operating data necessary to optimize sorting performance in MRFs and other recycling facilities. This actionable information can help reduce machine downtime, optimize machine settings, EST. 1945 maximize throughput, sort-to-target quality, improve the efficiency of machine GAS, DIESEL & ELECTRIC MODELS operators and internal service personnel, and reduce operating costs. Plus, through GET CONTROL (716) 592-2700 • BuffaloTurbine.com personal reports and alerts, Insight provides data analytics to help manage proacInstitute of Scrap Recycling tive and condition-based maintenance, Industries, Inc. parts ordering and servicing.

DUST AND ODOR CONTROLLER

54 Recycling Product News April 2019


Smart and AI-enabled systems to drive long-term growth for MRF equipment

A

ccording to a recent market analysis report from U.S.-based consulting firm Frost & Sullivan, global market changes combined with the technology and capabilities gap between advanced singlestream MRF facilities outside of North America and domestic facilities are compelling the latter to make significant strategic investment decisions regarding processing equipment. The firm says they expect operations and business models will undergo major changes, and specifically that it is processing technologies such as optical sorting, robotics, and Artificial Intelligence (AI) that will drive the current $185.2 million MRF equipment market towards $251.7 million by 2022, at a compound annual growth rate of 6.3 percent. “Although National Sword has quickly increased the number of project and retrofit opportunities in the U.S., many budget-constrained MRFs will adopt a wait-and-watch approach,” said Seth Cutler, Principal Consultant for Energy & Environment at Frost & Sullivan. “This technology and fiscal shyness of end users will prompt market participants to develop local sales plans, wherein they will leverage a professional sales team to build strong relationships with their key accounts. Differentiation will mostly be based on the quality of services, with vendors’ sales staff serving as consultants and providing tailored solutions to plant operators.” Frost & Sullivan’s report, Growth Opportunities in the U.S. Single-Stream Recycling Material Recovery Facility (MRF) Equipment Market, Forecast to 2022, segments the market by revenue categories into conveyance, separation and compaction. According to Cutler, their study, which is available for purchase, presents visioning scenarios and growth pipelines, and identifies opportunities to improve vision, strategy and brand. “MRFs are stockpiling recycling bales, and if need arises, will landfill the bales to avoid unsafe conditions,” said Cutler.

“It is likely that paper mills and other manufacturing facilities will lower their restrictions on the types of materials accepted to gain access to a large supply of feedstock. Significantly, major Chinese

pulp and paper companies are looking to acquire U.S. companies,” he added, citing the example of China-based Nine Dragons, which has “already acquired three domestic mills.”

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April 2019 www.recyclingproductnews.com

55


INDUSTRY EVENT

Frontline Demo Day features latest crushers, screens, stackers and a removable genset BY KEITH BARKER, EDITOR

F

rontline Machinery hosted their annual Demo Day & Open House event March 13th at the company’s headquarters in Chilliwack B.C.. About 200 customers, industry partners, OEMs and staff were in attendance to see the latest innovations from Frontline equipment partners, including global crusher/screen plant manufacturer Keestrack, Optical Belt Scale manufacturer Sensortechnik and screen/shredder and mobile conveyor manufacturer EDGE Innovate. Also in attendance was Langley, B.C.-based Shearforce Equipment, who demonstrated their latest hydraulic pulverizer attachment. Keestrack, the Belgium-based crushing and screening plant manufacturer had their latest H6 model hybrid cone crusher on display, a K6 scalping screen, and an R6e electric Impact crusher crushing recycled concrete with rebar. A highlight for Keestrack’s equipment display was a newly available removable genset, shown on the H6 cone crusher, which can power multiple machines, and which can be machine-mounted or moved around any site easily. According to Daryl Todd, Frontline president, he expects the new genset to be a game changer in the crushing and screening industry, which he says is moving more and more towards electric and hybrid electric power options. “Every year we try and bring something new to this event,” said Todd. “This year we have the Keestrack H6 cone crusher with the removable genset. That’s a first in Canada,” he said, adding that EDGE’s automated radial stacker with 270-degree stockpiling capability shown at the event is also an industry first. “I’m really pleased with this year’s event. It’s grown over the last year, and over the year before,” he said, adding that he sees great value in events like

56 Recycling Product News April 2019

At Frontline Machinery’s Demo Day 2019 with president Daryl Todd in Chilliwack, B.C. A highlight of the show was a new portable, removable genset designed for powering hybrid-electric crushing plants and a range of equipment.

More than 200 customers, staff and partners attended Frontline’s annual event March 13. this one. “For those that take the time to travel, network with other industry professionals, share best practices, share ideas, talk to the factory guys, talk to the dealers, there’s a lot that can be learned.

It can ultimately make those who are constantly trying to improve become more competitive, win more projects and make more money. Bottom line, this is what it’s all about.” RPN


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COVER STORY: NIAGARA RECYCLING Continued from page 31. “If we have 53 plants in Ontario and all of a sudden we’re switching to a smaller number of massive MRFs, fully automated, with robotics and optical sorters, from a business perspective it makes sense. But it’s a huge change and it could have local economic impacts for smaller MRFs and smaller communities across the province. He says questions that should be asked include: how do we protect some of the smaller facilities that are out there? For some of the MRFs that have been here for many years, how do we ensure minimal job losses? “I don’t get a good feeling currently as to where companies like ours fit in in the future of recycling in our Province, and that’s a big challenge we’re faced with.” Still, for Kraft, despite the uncertainty of the future, overall he remains optimistic. He can certainly attest to the fact that Niagara Recycling has had an incredible journey over its 41 years in business, diverting more than 1.5 million tons of recyclables from landfill, and providing huge benefits to their region. “Life is full of uncertainty,” he says. “But I am optimistic we will find a new place in the future, and that we’ll ensure continued job opportunities and support for developmentally challenged individuals in our community.” RPN

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LASTWORD no time for inaction TARGETS FOR CURRENT PLASTICS AND FOOD WASTE STRATEGIES ARE FAR TOO ACCOMMODATING TO “BUSINESS AS USUAL” ATTITUDES

BY SUSAN ANTLER

Squander” is a much better word than “waste” when describing what each of us does when resources are not used to their fullest. Much more aligned with descriptors such as “reckless” and “foolish,” “to squander” heightens the act of being wasteful, personalizing it with implications of disdain. No longer just a “divert from landfills” imperative, our world of waste management and recovery has exponentially ramped up in intensity to become intricately linked with climate change, ecosystem health, wildlife and habitat loss, water contamination and hunger. With all the indicators blasting around about bad times ahead and knowing fully the many barriers that we face daily to minimize our collective wasteful ways, it would be very easy to just give up.

But that would be an abdication of our responsibilities, and a detour away from the road we have created and which we continue to travel. We must feverishly pursue every possible opportunity to “right the ship” – demanding more, not accepting less. Two such opportunities are presenting themselves currently, in conjunction with the increased global attention on both plastics and food waste. The Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment (CCME) have embarked on developing a Zero Plastic Waste strategy, details of which will be presented at their meeting this June. Depressing figures abound in the CCME’s November 2018 report including “an estimated 95 percent of the material value of plastic packaging, or between $100 and

! e r e h it’s

check out our new website recyclingproductnews.com April 2019 www.recyclingproductnews.com

61


LASTWORD

There is a tremendous talent and technology pool in our industry that can be engaged toward delivering practical solutions within the necessary timeframe.” Susan Antler

$150 billion dollars annually, is lost to the global economy after only a single use.” The report goes on to say that “...globally, it is estimated that about 8 million tonnes of plastic waste enters the oceans every year... resulting in at least $13 billion of damage to marine ecosystems worldwide every year.” Coincident to this, the Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC), a collective environmentally focused organization of the governments of Canada, Mexico and the U.S., has issued a guide called the “Why and How to Measure Food Loss and Waste.” The guide estimates that 168 million tonnes of food are wasted annually in the three countries mentioned above, with Canada ‘squandering’ 13 million tonnes – or 396 kilograms per Canadian. Certainly, a robust infrastructure for organics recycling as well as certified compostable packaging alternatives have important roles to play to reduce the enormity of this wasteful state. The standard response of “it’s too costly” or “it’s not our priority” – the normal

reaction to our many queries about this situation over the years – doesn’t resonate well in the context of the harm done from continued inaction. And the dates of 2030 and 2040, set out as the targets for these current strategies, are far too accommodating to “business-as-usual” attitudes. The downside to not achieving these goals is much more profound. On the positive side, the reality is that there is a tremendous talent and technology pool in our industry that can be engaged toward delivering practical solutions within the necessary time frame – even sooner than needed with adequate regulatory support. What it comes down to is that the improvement of our management of both plastic waste and food waste has to be a team effort. The key is for everyone to be truly committed and to not squander the resources we all bring to the table – be it our abilities, our influence or our time. Susan Antler is the executive director of the Compost Council of Canada.

ADVERTISER INDEX Advance Tire................................... 58

DuraTech Industries................... 58

Link-Belt Excavators................. 39

American Baler............................... 49

ELV Select................................. 18

Machinex..................................... 9

Bateman Manufacturing................. 38

Exodus...................................... 35

Mack Trucks................................ 2

BM&M Screening Solutions........... 50

Frontline Machinery................... 43

Okada........................................ 40

Buffalo Turbine............................... 54

Gensco Equipment.................... 42

Paradigm Software.................... 61

Bulk Handling Systems.................. 15

Global Sensor Systems Inc....... 53

R.M. Johnson............................ 19

Bunting Magnetics......................... 55

Harris Equipment................. 14, 29

Scott Equipment Company....... 53

Calhoun.......................................... 45

Herbold USA............................. 27

Sennebogen.............................. 37

Continental Biomass Industries..... 51

ICUEE 2019............................... 60

Sierra International Machinery...64

Canada North Resources Expo...... 57

IMABE Iberica S.A..................... 51

SSI Shredding Systems, Inc...... 31

Compology..................................... 48

Industrial Magnetics, Inc........... 21

Stellar Industries, Inc................. 29

CONEXPO-CON/AGG.................... 59

International Baler..................... 63

Terrafirma Equipment................ 41

CP Group.......................................4-5

IPL Products.............................. 53

TY Cushion Tire....................32-33

Diamond Z...................................... 17

Kensal Carbide.......................... 23

Van Dyk Recycling Solutions..... 11

Doosan............................................. 6

Komptech.................................. 47

Vermeer....................................... 3

62 Recycling Product News April 2019


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