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WHAT’S INSIDE

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Upfront

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Out & About: Photos from Around Town

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Profile: Dee Ketchum

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Special Thanks: Thank You, Bob Fraser, for Showcasing two of Bartlesville’s Treasures!

On the Osage: Retreat to Osage County ... When the Trenches Got You In Their Clinches

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Feature Sponsor Story: Grandma Wahoney Mah-wa-taise Wahoney: Keeper of the Dolls

Funny You Should Ask: What I Did for My Summer Break

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Local Success: The Freshest Beef

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Feature: The Delaware Indians Unfair Treatment Drove Tribe From Homeland

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Life of Service: Goodbye to a Special Place

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Business Spotlight: Tech with a Personal Touch

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Kids’ Calendar

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Knowing Nowata: Shawnee Chief Blue Jacket

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Chick-fil-A Events Calendar

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A Good Word: Keep Shoveling! Worthwhile Suffering is Most Often Rewarded

Heritage: First Americans Museum Telling the Story of Indigenous People

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Stars in Our Back Yard: Lenape Linguists Nora Dean & Jim Rementer Kept Language Alive

Once Upon a Time: The 4 o’clock People Covington Park Couple’s Identity Remains a mystery

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Tribute: Gary Gibson

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Now You Know: Charles Journeycake Journeycake Spiritual Dedication & Christian Values

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Looking Back: Anna Anderson

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Tell Me Something Good: Burnt Meat & Music

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Local Legends: Grandma Patiacow

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Business: Sippin’ Sweet

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ABC’s of Faith: A New You

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Let Freedom Ring: September 11, 2001

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From the Heart: You Can Change the World! All it Takes is Overcoming Fears & Finding Purpose Helping Hands: Quality, Long-term Care Staff Focuses on Caring for the Whole Person

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UPFRONT

upfront Welcome to September, friends, and Happy Anniversary to bmonthly Magazine! In September 2011, a 34-page magazine came out called Bartlesville Monthly Magazine. Today, since Brian Engle purchased it, Christy and I have been managing editors. We have totally transformed it to an 84page magazine which is read by over 20,000 people every month. The magazine has become the largest and most soughtout media outlet in the area. For the last three years, our September issue has showcased our feature story on one of our Native American Tribes and their incredible history. We love this issue! Last year, our September issue was our most popular issue to date. That issue ... the Cherokee Issue ... was mailed out to over 300 homes in 12 different states. Like last year, I called on Sarah Gagan to write an amazing feature story, this time of the Delaware Indians. Sarah takes the reader through their pain, heartache, and struggle to survive as they were forcibly removed from their homeland on the east coast and taken over 1,000 miles to Indian Territory. The tribe was in Bartlesville and camped out at Silver Lake, south of Colonial Estates, before we were a city in 1897. Christy and I want to thank the Delaware Indian Tribe, who was proactive all the way through the issue. A special thanks to Curtis Zunigha, director of the Cultural Resources Department, for all the valuable information and the priceless feedback he gave us, so we could do our best to accurately tell their amazing story.

lived. Dee became fully involved in Indian culture, and was elected to serve on the Delaware Tribal Council. He served several years in various positions, including chief. Oh, and did I tell you what an incredible basketball player he was? He also played with my father-in-law, Del Dutcher, and they became lifelong friends. He went on to play for the University of Kansas on a full-ride scholarship. Finally, I want to say that this has been a very trying issue for us, and for me in particular. I have been battling the enemy. The enemy did not want me to write a very important story and kept throwing roadblocks up. But God has been working on my heart for a long time, and you can find on page 81 of this issue. I titled it A New You. In many of my past stories, I write about how God has moved mountains in my life, and how His mercy and Grace have changed me. I always say God is never surprised, and even before I gave my life and heart to Him, He had His plan and purpose for me. I have always written about my past and the darkness I crawled in for many years so those words would help encourage and inspire others to never quit — no matter how dark it may seem. There is Hope. That Hope for us is Jesus Christ. Christy and I pray that the words I wrote will help “Just that one” person who sees emptiness, darkness, suffering, and who is just lost. Take those words I wrote and make a new YOU! God bless, Keith

It really has been a crazy month putting this issue together, for a ton of reasons. The first thing is the enemy has been in full force against us on this issue, and I will get into the WHY on that part of the story in a bit. We have lost some great friends over the last couple of weeks, and one was our dear friend and one of my prayer warriors, Mr. Gary Gibson. I think most people knew him or have heard of him. I called on Debbie Neece, who was one of his closest friends, to write his tribute. Grab some tissues before you read it. Thank you, Debbie, for such great words to honor our dear friend. We were blessed to get to know Gary during the horrific winter storm in February. Since then, we became very close — like brothers — in helping to grow His Kingdom. I am a better man today since God put Gary in my life. This month’s profile story is on Mr. Dee Ketchum. What an amazing life he has

Volume XII Issue IX Bartlesville Monthly Magazine is published by

ENGEL PUBLISHING

Offices located in Downtown Bartlesville in the historic Price Tower 510 Dewey Ave, Suite 400, Bartlesville, OK 74003 P.O. Box 603, Bartlesville, OK 74005

www.bartlesvillemonthly.com facebook.com/bartlesvillemonthly Publisher

Brian Engel brian@bartlesvillemonthly.com Art Direction

Copper Cup Images design@coppercupimages.com Director of Sales & Marketing

Keith McPhail keith@bartlesvillemonthly.com Community Liaison

Christy McPhail christy@bartlesvillemonthly.com Project Manager

Andrea Whitchurch andrea@bartlesvillemonthly.com Administration

Shelley Greene Stewart Delivery and Distribution

Julie Drake Calendar/Social Media

calendar@bartlesvillemonthly.com Contributing Writers Debbie Neece, Kay Little, Jay Webster, Lori Kroh, Delaney Williams, Jason Fullerton, Kelly Bland, Rita Thurman Barnes , Keith McPhail, Jay Hastings, Sarah Leslie Gagan, Maria Gus, Carroll Craun, Lori Just, Mike Wilt Contributing Photographers Nowata County Historical Society Museum, Becky Burch, Bartlesville Area History Museum, Andy Dossett, Robin Mackey, Stan Peterson, Kathy Peaster, Chance Franks, Grace McPhail, Michael Wray, Tony Lehmer Kids Calendar

Jessica Smith

All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, copied or otherwise, without prior permission of Bartlesville Monthly, Inc.

ABOUT THE COVER Cover photo is of Delaware Indian Charlie Webber. That tribe is featured in this month’s issue. Creative Concept by Keith and Christy McPhail

bmonthly managing editors Keith & Christy McPhail.

Design by Copper Cup Images

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PROFILE

JAKE SEARS, COLE THOMAS, DEE KETCHUM, AND CLAY SEARS

Dee Ketchum

Keeping Delaware Culture Alive by Sarah Leslie Gagan The Delaware Tribe of Indians has a tumultuous history of events that unfolded to bring them to Bartlesville. The tribal dances, ceremonies and traditions live on in the hearts of the elders, and the desire to pass on the stories of their former way of life is strong. Former Delaware Chief Dee Ketchum has lived a legacy of keeping the culture of the Delaware alive for future generations. Dee was born in Bartlesville, delivered at home by his grandmother’s sister. He is the third and youngest child born to Delaware parents Lewis A. and Lillian Berry Ketchum. His mother, Lillian, descended from full blood Delaware Ace Berry and Catherine “Cash” Curleyhead. Dee’s mother and Curlyhead ancestors occupied their Delaware allotment near Hogshooter and Glen Oak, east of Bartlesville near the Nowata County line. Dee’s father was also Delaware. He descended from the Kansas reservation and was born to Charles C. and Bertha Scoval Ketchum. Dee’s great grandfather was Abraham Ketchum. Growing up, Dee recalls his childhood and adolescence filled with sports. He loved anything athletic. He attended Jefferson

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Elementary, Central Junior High, and graduated from College High School. He was raised in an Indian home with brown faces, not knowing about having white blood. Dee didn’t feel he was any different from his friends, because there were many Indian families in Bartlesville. By the time Dee was in high school, he was excelling in sports. He was a member of the Col-High Golf team as a senior in 1957, which was the first state championship team in Bartlesville. Although he was recruited by many colleges, Dee chose to accept The University of Kansas’ offer of a full basketball scholarship. Dee attended KU in the fall of 1957, playing for four years. He was team cocaptain, and stayed to coach with Jerry Waugh, the freshman coach, while finishing his degree and beginning his master’s work. After graduation, he accepted a position in Clay Center, Kansas as men’s head basketball coach, assistant coach in football, and driver’s


PROFILE education for two years, then returned to KU to finish his master’s degree. It was at KU where Dee met and married his wife, Annette, and they began a family. The Ketchum’s have two daughters, DeAnn and Kala, five grandchildren and seven great-grandchildren. Dee and Annette have been together over 60 years, and he lovingly says, “I married right.” One of their greatest ANNETTE KETCHUM joys is seeing their family carry on the Delaware way of life. This year, at the powwow, their two daughters, the five grandchildren and five of the seven great-grandchildren all dressed in their Delaware clothes and danced. This has been a Ketchum family tradition for 60 years.

was elected to service on the Delaware Tribal Council, serving several years in various positions including chief, chairman of the Delaware Trust Board for four years, and the understudy to the Delaware ceremonial chief for 20 years. With the Ketchum daughters grown and married, Dee and Annette spent their time doing things and going places — experiencing a lot of culture and meeting lots of people. Throughout the years, many film producers have contacted Dee to do videos about the Delaware, which he was always willing to do to preserve the culture and educate people about Indians. In the community, Dee has served in various roles. He has served on the Bartlesville Economic Development Board, Adams Golf Course Board, Youth and Family Services of Washington County, coached at American Christian School, and chaired the Indian Summer Board for 10 years. Dee also served on the Claremore Indian Hospital Board and often spoke at a variety of civic organizations.

Two of Dee’s grandsons and one grandson-in-law were athletes at University of Texas at El Paso, Tulsa University, and Arizona State University. Athletics have been part of Dee’s life and theirs throughout the generations.

One of the greatest honors of Dee’s life was serving as chief of the Delaware. He was inspired to run for chief after his brother, Lewis, passed away after serving as chief for 12 years. Dee served as the fifth Ketchum chief and believed it was important to continue his brother’s vision for the tribe.

Dee coached at the college level for 10 years. He would then go on to work in sales for 15 years managing and administering in the insurance industry, selling in the oil industry pipe and supply, and selling golf and clothing merchandise to country clubs and golf courses. Dee and his brother, Lewis, owned Red Man Pipe and Supply Company, founded in 1977. In the late 1970s, Dee and his family moved to Dallas, Texas.

When asked what he viewed as his greatest accomplishment, Dee replied, “My greatest accomplishment is raising Godly children, who raised Godly children, who I pray will raise their children in the Lord. None was without my wife, who is my helpmate.” Dee’s is a man of faith, and in the end he would like people to simply say of him, “Dee trusted God.”

The Ketchums returned to Bartlesville in 1984. Golf was an important part of Dee’s life and he enjoyed being back home with a good club course. Church is important to the Ketchums and after moving back, they joined First Baptist Church. As Dee reflected back on his life, and his deep faith, his only regrets are that he didn’t spend more time with the Lord and with his children.

Dee’s capable leadership has progressed the Delaware tribe and our community into the future. Because of his legacy, the culture and history of the Delaware people will carry on to the next generation. Let’s follow in his footsteps and promote and share this valuable part of our history, so that it will remain for ages to come. We thank you, Dee, for leading us by example.

Dee and Annette soon formed an exposition dance team that traveled the country performing exposition Indian dancing. Their group consisted of about eight members, men and women, who both sang and danced. Woolaroc used the team as entertainment and education. When Dee returned to Bartlesville, he coached men’s basketball for one year at Bartlesville High School and for three years at Oklahoma Wesleyan University, continuing his lifelong passion for athletics. Grand Lake has always been a favorite vacation spot for the Ketchum family. For 30 years, they had lake homes there. The lake and the powwow both brought their daughters and grandchildren to Oklahoma several times a year, which provided many wonderful family memories. While he was away from Bartlesville, Dee and Annette remained active in following the powwow circuit for several years. Upon returning to Bartlesville after being away for 25 years, Dee became fully involved in Indian culture. During this time, he

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SPECIAL THANKS

Thank you, Bob, for allowing us to showcase two of Bartlesville's treasures! Enjoy your retirement. Keith and Christy

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FEATURE SPONSOR STORY

Grandma Wahoney Mah-wa-taise Wahoney: The Visionary Keeper of the Dolls by Debbie Neece, Bartlesville Area History Museum Indiana born Mah-wa-taise was of the Muncie Delaware Turkey Clan who lived an adventurous 108 years of sunrises. Few have walked the path of a century and developed the level of peer respect as she. Beginning her life in 1801, she grew to take an important role in the religion of the Delaware Tribe. At the annual twelve-day Delaware Big House ceremony, a fire was faithfully maintained throughout the entirety of the spiritual revival. At the end of the last day, the fire was allowed to extinguish and the “ahtehumwi” began as participants recited their visions in song and ceremonial dance, among the visionaries was Mah-wa-taise. She was also the “Keeper of the Dolls” for the annual Big House feast and dance to the “Spirit of Corn.” Keeping the dolls was a generational responsibility until no blood family was available to carry the tradition; at that time, the Keeper could request the “orphan dolls” be buried alongside the Keeper. As a young girl, Mah-wa-taise’s visions came in the form of survival. She accompanied her mother on a supply hunting venture in which her mother and the horse they were riding upon were swept away in a swollen river. Mah-wa-taise clung to the river bank for nine days, starving but steadfast to her mother’s words to remain there. Her visions began when a woodpecker brought her bread and she envisioned the caregiver in a human form. A second vision came in the form of a “mermaid” guardian who conveyed Mah-wa-taise would have “good health and long life.” Before the guardian faded away, Mah-wa-taise was told the guardian would return in a dream precisely one year before Mah-wa-taise’s death. Mah-wa-taise traveled with the Delaware Tribe as they transitioned from Ohio to Missouri and finally to the Kansas Reservation. She married twice, Jim Snake and John Wahoney, and had three children…all predeceased her. From her second marriage she carried the name Grandma Wahoney and helped raise her granddaughter’s Whiteturkey children. When the Delaware tribe moved to Indian Territory and purchased Cherokee citizenship, Mah-wa-taise received a 160 acre allotment approximately seven miles east of current Dewey with Coon Creek crossing the property. She was wise within her Delaware years but cared not for white man’s ways or talk. She was a

well-known nurse and mid-wife and gathered herbs and roots with which to create her own medicines. True to the mermaid guardian, a dream appeared. Mah-wataise, knowing her final sunset was nearing, prepared a will to protect her most sacred responsibility, the ceremonial dolls, and requested the dolls be buried with her. With 108 years of impeccable health, pipe smoking Mah-wa-taise sat to rest and drifted into a slumber from which she did not awaken. Contrary to her grave marker, the Dewey World announced her departure as November 17, 1908. She was buried in the Beck Cemetery, at the end of Young Street, off Tuxedo Blvd, according to Delaware customs and honoring details of her will, allowing her to eternally cradle the Delaware tradition as the Keeper of the Dolls. Although three abbreviated Big House ceremonies were held 1944-45, the full ceremony, along the banks of the upper Caney River, west of Copan, faded into history after the October 1924 gathering. SEPTEMBER 2021 | bmonthly

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The Delaware Tribe of Indians is the United States’ first federallyrecognized tribe (Treaty of 1778) and has been based in NE Oklahoma since 1867. The Tribe has over 10,000 members nationwide and its headquarters is at 5100 Tuxedo Blvd in Bartlesville. They have an active tribal government and administration providing the following services: Enrollment Elder Nutrition Housing Historic Preservation Child Care Wellness Center Family & Children Community Center Environmental Cultural Center/Gift Shop Elder Support and Veterans Support Oklahoma Headquarters - 5100 Tuxedo Blvd, Bartlesville, OK Kansas Headquarters - 601 High St, Caney, KS

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The Delaware Indians History of Unfair Treatment Drove Tribe From Its Homeland by Sarah Leslie Gagan

The Original People Many moons ago, long before explorers and settlers arrived on the midAtlantic seaboard, there lived a tribe known as Lenape, meaning “The Original People.” The Lenape dwelled in their original homeland in the eastern woodlands now known as the states of New Jersey, New York (Staten Island, Manhattan, and western Long Island), Delaware, and eastern Pennsylvania. The Lenape people are best-known for the name given them by early English settlers in the mid-seventeenth century. When the English arrived in North America, they named the bay and river on which they settled after Thomas West,

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Lord de la Warr, the governor of the Colony of Virginia in the early 1600s. In time, the original inhabitants along the shores of the "Delaware" River and its tributaries became known as the Delaware people. The early life of the Delaware consisted of independent villages throughout the Delaware River Valley, and the Delaware River was their domain. They were a migrating people. Each spring, they planted gardens in their home villages, cultivating corn, squash, beans, pumpkin, and tobacco. In summer, they traveled to the Atlantic shores for clams and oysters, and plentiful hunting. When Autumn came, they journeyed back to their villages to gather their harvest. By late fall/early winter, they migrated to the Pennsylvania woods to hunt again. In February, when the sap began to run, they moved to maple groves to gather and boil the sugar. When they finished, it was time to migrate back to their villages for spring planting, and the cycle began again. Mesingwe costume.

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The Delaware were a deeply religious people, believing in one creator. Their spirituality touched all aspects of their lives. They believed all things had souls that would live on after death. The "Big House" was the main religious building of the Delaware Indians. It was used for an annual religious ceremony to thank the Great Manitou spirit and the spirits of the lesser Manitou for the good fortune of the last year, and to pray for protection from future calamity and destructive natural forces. Holding a deep reverence for their environment, the tribe believed they were only a small part of nature’s grand scheme. This belief made it difficult for them to understand the concept of land ownership and purchase. To the Delaware people, land was like air, sunlight, or the waters of a river — a medium necessary to sustain life. The idea of someone exclusively owning the life-giving soil was as foreign to their thinking as owning the air one breathed or the water that bubbled from a woodland spring. CHIEF LAPPAWINSOE


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The Delaware Payhouse near Alluwe, where the tribesmen came to get regular government allowances. The first estimated contact between the Delaware and explorers was in the spring of 1524, when Italian navigator Giovanni da Verrazzano sailed into New York harbor. According to his notes, he found the area "well peopled, the inhabitants dressed out with feathers of birds of various colors. They came towards us with evident delight, raising shouts of admiration.” It was deeply ingrained in the Delaware way to greet others with warm hospitality, sharing their food and the comfort of their wigwams with visitors. Verrazzano must have found the Indian way of life strangely primitive with the complete absence of guns and ammunition, swords, steel knives, iron and copper pots, and other metal weapons and utensils. Native artifacts were fashioned from stone, bone, wood, shell, and clay. The principal weapon was a longbow made of pliable wood fitted with a bowstring of sinew. The arrows were reeds tipped with sharp points of flint, bone and deer antler. There were no wheeled vehicles, no horses, no cotton, wool, silk or any other kind of cloth, no glass, no gold or silver, and no precious stones. The tribe consisted of talented craftsmen who fashioned all they needed with what nature supplied them.

A Flood of Settlers Living on the coast, the Delaware were the first Native Americans to encounter the Dutch, English, and Swedish settlers. The first English settlements in New Jersey were founded by the Quakers, who made it a point to purchase land titles from the Indians. They traded goods, supplies, and tools for the land. Because they believed the land belonged to all men, the Delaware viewed the transaction as a type of lease, rather than ownership. The Quakers endeavored to prevent traders from taking advantage of the natives through their early laws. Those laws, however, were difficult to enforce.

IDA SARCOXIE

In 1682, William Penn and Quaker colonists created the English colony of Pennsylvania beginning at the lower Delaware River, and a peace treaty was negotiated between the newly-arriving English and the Delaware. In the decades immediately following, some 20,000 new colonists arrived in the region, putting pressure on Delaware settlements and their hunting grounds. Penn’s authority and the colonial government quickly took precedence, and his new colony soon displaced many Delaware, forcing them to adapt to new cultural demands. Although Penn had a reputation for benevolence SEPTEMBER 2021 | bmonthly

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SUTTERFIELD FINANCIAL FEATURE A Delaware Big House, their main religious building.

and fair dealings with the local Indians, his efforts resulted in greater colonization of the ancestral Delaware homeland, creating a loss that would never be regained. William Penn died in 1718. His heirs, John and Thomas Penn, and their agents assumed leadership of the colony. Together, the new leaders abandoned many of the elder Penn’s fair practices with the Delaware. Trying to raise money, they contemplated ways to sell Delaware land to colonial settlers. In the mid-1730s, colonial administrators produced a draft of a land deed dating to the 1680s. William Penn had approached several leaders of the 20

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Delaware to discuss land sales farther north, but the talks came to nothing. The new colonial administrators prepared the draft of sale that resurfaced in the 1730s, and when they tried to present the draft as a legitimate deed. Delaware leaders refused to accept it. According to historian Steven Harper, what followed was a "convoluted sequence of deception, fraud, and extortion orchestrated by the Pennsylvania government that is commonly known as the Walking Purchase." In the end, all Delaware who still lived in the river valley woodlands were driven off the remnants of their homeland under threats of violence. The Treaty of Easton, signed in 1758 between the Delaware and the

JOHN HILL


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Anglo-American colonists, required the tribe to move westward, out of present-day New York and New Jersey and into Pennsylvania, then Ohio and beyond. This was only one of seven treaties the Delaware would endure in the history of the tribe LITTLE JOHN SARCOXIE that would displace them from their ancestral land.

Smallpox in the Blankets The colonial settlers had not only brought their way of life to North America, they brought disease as well. American Indians were notoriously vulnerable to contagious diseases. Isolation from Europe and other developed nations had provided zero exposure to contagious killers such as bubonic and pneumonic plague, smallpox, and tuberculosis. Archaeologists have discovered that Indians were susceptible to cancer, arthritis, and occasional tooth decay, but not much else. Natural transmission and spreading of disease occurred

between the settlers and the Native Indians, causing loss of life among the Delaware. In 1763, European settlers wanted more Delaware land, and fewer Delaware people, so they conspired and delivered an evil scheme to accomplish their diabolical goal. The French had just lost the French and Indian War when their allies, led by Ottawa Chief Pontiac, sparked an uprising against English settlers in the Great Lakes region that had Lord Jeffery Amherst and the British forces close to despair. The Indians destroyed several of the smaller British forts, but Fort Pitt, in present-day Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, held out under the command of Captain Simeon Ecuyer, a 22-year veteran Swiss mercenary in the British service. Smallpox had broken out among the British garrison. During a meeting on June 24, 1763, Ecuyer gave unsuspecting Delaware warriors several items SEPTEMBER 2021 | bmonthly

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The Elkhair, Sarcoxie, and Patiacow families.

taken from smallpox patients. “We gave them two blankets and a handkerchief out of the smallpox hospital,” Captain William Trent, of the garrison militia, wrote in his journal. “I hope it will have the desired effect.” Smallpox did break out among the Delaware, and it is unknown how many died in the localized epidemic meant to extinguish the tribe. Ecuyer’s efforts to spread smallpox among the Indians was in no way disapproved by others. While Colonel Henry Bouquet was preparing to lead a British expedition to relieve Fort Pitt, Amherst sent him a note: “Could it not be contrived to send the smallpox among the disaffected tribes of Indians? We must on this occasion use every stratagem in our power to reduce them.” Bouquet wrote back, “I will try to inoculate them with some blankets that may fall into their hands and take care not to get the disease myself.” Amherst replied, advocating exposure to smallpox “by means of blankets, as well as every other method that can serve to extirpate this execrable race.” The Delaware experienced unspeakable hardship at the hand of others that cost them their land, their lifestyle, 22

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and even their lives. The British used smallpox as warfare. White American settlers and soldiers murdered large groups of Indians, including women and children, from the 1600s to the end of the 19th century with guns, poison, and clubs. Still, the tribe survived.

Pushed West By the time of the revolutionary war, the Delaware were living mostly in Ohio Country, and supplied the continental Army with warriors and scouts in exchange for food, supplies, and security. In 1778, the tribe was the first of the Native Americans to enter into a treaty with the newly-formed United States government with the signing of the Treaty of Fort Pitt, also known as The Delaware Treaty. It was essentially a formal treaty of alliance. The treaty gave the United States permission to The Potteiger House. travel through Delaware territory and called for the tribe to provide American troops whatever aid they might require in their war against Great Britain, including the use of their own warriors. The United States was planning to attack the British fort at Detroit, and Delaware friendship was essential for success. In exchange, the United States promised


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A ceremony with Nora Dean giving Nick Shoumatoff the Delaware name of Citanikapi.

"articles of clothing, utensils, and implements of war" and to build a fort in Delaware country "for the better security of the old men, women, and children ... whilst their warriors are engaged against the common enemy." Although not part of the written treaty, the commissioners pointed out the American alliance with France and intended that the Delaware would become active allies in the war against the British. The Delaware perceived the agreement "merely as free passage" of revolutionary troops and the building of a protective fort for defending white settlers. The American leaders intended to use the fort for offensive campaigns, and wrote into the treaty that the Delaware would attack their native neighbors. The treaty recognized the Delaware as a sovereign nation, guaranteed their territorial rights, and even encouraged the other Ohio Country Indian tribes friendly to the United States to form a state headed by the Delaware, with representation in the Continental Congress. The extraordinary measure had little chance of success, and some suggest that the authors of the treaty were knowingly dishonest and SALLY JOURNEYCAKE deceitful. Others suggest that it was the Delaware chief White Eyes who proposed the measure in the hope that the Delaware and other

tribes might become the 14th state of the United States. However, it was never acted upon by either the United States or the Delaware Indians. Within a year, the Delaware were expressing grievances about the treaty. A delegation visited Philadelphia in 1779 to explain its dissatisfaction to the Continental Congress, but nothing changed and the peace between the United States and the Delaware Indians collapsed. White Eyes, the tribe's most outspoken ally of the United States, died of smallpox, and the tribe soon joined the British in the war against the American revolutionaries. The Treaty of Fort Pitt is commemorated on the 2013 Sacagawea dollar, depicting a turkey, a howling wolf, and a turtle — symbolizing the three clans of the Delaware Tribe.

Migration to Kansas In the years that followed, through war and peace the Delaware would continue to give up lands and move westward, first to Ohio, then to Indiana, Missouri, Kansas, and finally, Indian Territory — now Oklahoma. Through different migrations, one small band of Delaware left the group in the late 1700s and are today located at Anadarko, Oklahoma and known as the Delaware Nation. Small contingents of Delaware fled to Canada during a SEPTEMBER 2021 | bmonthly

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time of extreme persecution and today occupy two reserves in Ontario. They are known as The Munsee-Delaware Nation. By the terms of the Treaty of the James Fork, made September 24, 1829, the Delaware were TOM forced to move further west HALFMOON from Missouri. They were granted lands in Indian Territory in exchange for lands on the James Fork of the White River in Missouri. These lands, in what is now Kansas, were west of the Missouri River and north of the Kansas River. The main reserve consisted of about 1,000,000 acres with an additional strip 10 miles wide extending to the west. The Delaware lived on the Kansas reserve for several decades, all the while, the federal government continued to reduce the size of their land.

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In 1854, Congress passed the Kansas–Nebraska Act, which created the Territory of Kansas and opened the area for white settlement. It also authorized negotiation with Indian tribes regarding removal. The Delaware were reluctant to negotiate for yet another relocation, but they feared serious trouble with white settlers, and conflict developed. The Delaware were not considered United States citizens, so they had no access to the courts and no way to enforce their property rights. The United States Army was to enforce their rights to reservation land. Appointed Indian Agents posted public warnings to trespassers and served written notices to offenders, but the process was difficult. Major B.F. Robinson, the

SUSIE ELKHAIR


SUTTERFIELD FINANCIAL FEATURE Delaware Tribal Council 1868.

Indian Agent appointed in 1855, did his best but could not control the hundreds of white trespassers who stole stock, cut timber, built houses, and squatted on Delaware lands.

Oklahoma, the Final Stomping Grounds Following the Civil War, white encroachment and railroad speculation increased and the Delaware were pressured to cede their lands in Kansas and relocate. In 1866, the U.S. government signed its final treaty with the Delaware Tribe, ending one of the longest ongoing treaty relationships between the federal government and an Indian tribe. Under the terms of the Treaty of July 4th, 1866, the United States sold the remaining Kansas land, known as the Delaware Diminished Reserve, to the Union Pacific Railroad. Kansas was no longer home. Delaware family leaders were given the choice to remove to Indian Territory and occupy Cherokee lands, or to remain in Kansas and become citizens of the United States. Those that chose to remain members of the Delaware tribe were moved to Cherokee land in Indian Territory in 1867. It was made clear to the Delaware that removal was the only route to ensure the continuation of the Delaware Tribe. With pressure mounting and the desire to preserve the tribe, Delaware clan

leaders began exploring and scouting different locations for a new reservation in Indian Territory, as stipulated by the 1866 treaty. The Delaware desired the unoccupied lands in what is now northeastern Oklahoma. Since the land belonged to the Cherokee Nation at the time, the Delaware decided to purchase a 10-by-30mile tract of land from the Cherokee Nation that was situated along the upper Caney River valley. ELIZA FALLEAF SEPTEMBER 2021 | bmonthly

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SUTTERFIELD FINANCIAL FEATURE

Delaware Indian tribesmen who came to Washington County in 1867. Top row: John Sarcoxie, Charles H. Armstrong, Julius Fouts, Albert Curleyhead, and Arthur Armstrong. Middle row: William Adams, Abe Ketcham, Col. Jackson, “Old Man” Curlyhead, and Andrew Miller. Front Row: Richard C. Adams, Herbert Ketcham, and Willie Nicholas.

In an 1866 letter from principal Delaware Chief John Conner to Cherokee Chief William P. Ross, Conner explained that the Delaware had selected the tract because of the perceived productivity of the land and to preserve the Delaware tribal organization. Consistent with the 1866 treaty, the Delaware had chosen a compact area of land that contained 300 square miles. Chief John Conner JASPER informed the Cherokee Nation of the EXENDINE Delaware Tribe’s intent to pursue their preservation, as stipulated by both the 1866 Delaware Treaty and the 1866 Cherokee Treaty with the United States. The Delaware agreed to removal so they would not become American citizens, and to preserve their sovereign tribal government. The purchase of land equivalent to 160 acres per Delaware Indian was pursued to sustain an independent Delaware Tribe that was now going to occupy lands in the Cherokee Nation. The relocated tribe, known as the Delaware Tribe of Indians, and presently centered in Bartlesville, operates

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bmonthly | SEPTEMBER 2021

autonomously within the lands of the Cherokee Nation, while maintaining dual enrollment with the Cherokee. In 1979, The Bureau of Indian affairs revoked the Delaware Tribe of Indians' status, citing that removal to Oklahoma in 1867 to the land of the Cherokees effectively placed the tribe under the authority of the Cherokee Nation. The Bureau determined that the Department of the Interior would only engage in government-to-government relations with the Delaware Tribe through the Cherokee Nation. It appeared their sovereignty was lost and the tribe was greatly disheartened by the government, once again. In 1996, The Delaware Tribe of Indians regained their federal recognition by the Secretary of the Interior, when the Bureau of Indian Affairs rescinded its 1979 decision. However, the Cherokee Nation disagreed with the decision and filed suit against the Bureau and the Secretary of the Interior. The Cherokee Nation's position was upheld in court,


SUTTERFIELD FINANCIAL FEATURE The Anna Anderson Well.

leading to the Delaware Tribe's loss of federal recognition again in 2004. After years of negotiations, the two tribes resolved their differences through an agreement in Anna Anderson and October 2008. Delaware voters her grandparents. approved the agreement and voted to reorganize in May 2009, under the authority of the Oklahoma Indian Welfare Act. On July 28, 2009, The United States Department of the Interior notified the tribal office in Bartlesville that the Delaware were again a federally-recognized tribe, restoring their sovereignty. Through this federal recognition, The Delaware Tribe of Indians was positioned to thrive. The Delaware people are a resilient people. Many times throughout their existence they have had to regroup and change course, often due to the unfairness of others. They have done so with dignity and perseverance. Their current headquarters in Bartlesville include a community center, wellness center, administrative offices including childcare and social

services, and a cultural center. The modern campus was built on 80 acres of Oklahoma prairie land and serves all members of the Delaware Tribe of Indians. They also have offices and property in Caney, Kansas; Lawrence, Kansas; and East Stroudsburg University, in Pennsylvania. Recovering from adversity is vital to existence. Perseverance creates a vibrant future even when it seems all has been lost. The Delaware are part of the heart of our community and part of our daily lives. They are our brothers and sisters, accepted and beloved. Our community would not be the same without them. They were here before us and they have shaped who we are. Bartlesville is fortunate to have the Delaware among us — they have so much to teach those who are willing to listen. SEPTEMBER 2021 | bmonthly

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SEPTEMBER

CALENDAR SPONSORED BY 1

OKWU Women’s Soccer 6PM; OKWE Soccer Fields

10

3

Party in the Park: Sizzlin Summer Series 6PM; Tower Center at Unity Square Join US for our 2nd annual free summer series of outdoor concerts all summer long at Bartlesville’s newest urban green space, Unity Square! Events feature free live entertainment and children’s activities, as well as food and beverages for sale. Bring your lawn chairs or picnic blankets and join in the fun. Our last event of the season will be “Party in the Park” featuring a glow in the dark dance party, Karaoke, & DJ. Food trucks and vendor booths will be available for the public. Come enjoy an evening on US!

6

Labor Day

7

Bruin Varsity Softball vs Jenks

No School!

5:30PM; Bruin Softball Fields

Bruin Varsity Volleyball vs Enid 6:30PM; Custer Stadium

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bmonthly | SEPTEMBER 2021

18

7PM; Custer Stadium

OKWU Volleyball TBA; OKWU Gym

Bruin Varsity Football vs Sapulpa

11

7:30PM; OKWE Soccer Fields

OKWU Women’s Soccer 5:30PM; OKWE Soccer Fields

21

Bruin Varsity Volleyball vs Booker T. Washington

7PM; OKWE Soccer Fields

6:30PM; Custer Stadium

Orphan Trains to Oklahoma

Bruin Varsity Softball vs Nowata 7PM; Bruin Softball Fields

6PM; Bartlesville Public Library

17

5:30PM; OKWE Soccer Fields

OKWU Mens’s Soccer

OKWU Men’s Soccer

14

OKWU Women’s Soccer

OKWU Volleyball vs Avilla 6PM; OKWU Gym

Bruin Varsity Football vs Collinsville

23

Bruin Varsity Softball vs Stillwater 7PM; Bruin Softball Fields

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Bruin Varsity Football vs Bixby 7PM; Custer Stadium

7PM; Custer Stadium

18

4th Annual All Bellanca Fly-in 10AM; Bartlesville Airport Hanger #4 Public day is Saturday the 18th of September, 2021, from 10am to 2pm. The Lions Club of Bartlesville will once again be selling food during the public day. Pancake breakfast 7:30 am - 10:30 am (pancakes, sausage, bacon, juice and coffee) $6 per person, lunch 11:30 am - 1:30 pm (sloppy joes or hot dogs, chips, dessert and drink) $8 per person. Fly-in public day entry is $5 donation

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Miles for Mammograms 5k/2k 6:30AM; Tower Center at Unity Square


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Kids Kamp 12PM; Hopestone Cancer Support Center Bartlesville An afternoon full of food, fun and games. All children living with cancer and their siblings are invited to attend. Mom & Dad please call to register your child(ren) and answer a few questions so we can fill their goodie bags!!!

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Bartlesville Farmers Market

End of Summer 7PM; Tower Center at Unity Square FREE Outdoor music and karaoke at Unity Square

OKWU Men’s Soccer 3PM; OKWE Soccer Fields

28

OKWU Women’s Soccer

Bruin Varsity Softball vs Owasso

5:30PM; OKWE Soccer Fields

7PM; Bruin Softball Fields

OKWU Volleyball TBA; OKWU Gym

Bruin Varsity Volleyball vs Union 6:30PM; Custer Stadium

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OKWU Men’s Soccer 3PM; OKWE Soccer Fields

OKWU Women’s Soccer

Washington County Free Fair Thursday Sep. 2nd Saturday Sep. 4th

5:30PM; OKWE Soccer Fields

30

Bruin Varsity Volleyball vs Owasso 6:30PM; Custer Stadium

14th Annual Kan-Okla 100+ Mile Highway Garage Sale Friday Sep. 10th Saturday Sep. 11th

Saturdays in September at 8 AM. Every Saturday at Frank Phillips Park you can find a variety of fresh produce, baked goods, homemade items and more. The farmers market has a wide variety of fresh produce, grassfed beef, pasture-raised pork, fresh eggs, baked goods, raw honey and homemade goods.Enjoy music and shopping! There is something for everyone at the farmers market!

Sooner Jr. Mini Golf Sooner Jr. Mini Golf is open Friday, Saturday, and Sunday evenings from 6-10pm through the end of September, at Sooner Park in Bartlesville. Pricing per game: Adults $6, Students $5, Seniors $5, Youth (6-12) $4, Children (2-5) $1, 10 game pass $40. Concessions are available. If you are looking for a fun place to host your next event, call Sooner Jr. at 917-9773400 ext. 1 to schedule your event or for more information. Parties can be booked AprilOctober. Party cost is $60 for up to 1 1/2 hours and $15 for each additional 1/2 hour.

SEPTEMBER 2021 | bmonthly

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SEPTEMBER EVENTS CALENDAR Know of an upcoming event you would like to see on our calendar? Visit us at www.bartlesvillemonthly.com to submit a free listing!

Wed, Sep 1 1PM

Bartlesville DAR Monthly Meeting Women’s Club 601 S. Shawnee September is Constitution Month and Judge Alan Gentges will be speaking on the Constitution. Judge Gentges is currently serving as a Bartlesville Municipal Judge. This will also be our New Members Tea and the "Ringing of the Bells" in celebration of Constitution Week. Anyone interested in DAR is welcome to attend. Please feel free to wear masks and to observe social distancing. This meeting will also be on Zoom. For more information, call 918-914-9808.

Fri, Sep 3

Crossing 2nd 215 E 2nd St.

Cherokee Casino – Ramona 31501 US 75, Ramona

Mon, Sep 4 10AM

Woolaroc Open for Labor Day 7PM

Tower Center at Unity Square 300 SE Adams Blvd. Join Unity Square staff as we dance and sing while DJ, Thomas Bridges, spins tunes for karaoke. Stick around until dark for a glow in the dark dance party complete with glow in the dark giveaways for the children.

Sat, Sep 4 8AM

Bartlesville Farmers Market Frank Phillips Park 222 SW Frank Phillips Blvd. The Farmers Market is held every Saturday, from 8 a.m. until noon.

Woolaroc Museum & Wildlife Preserve 1925 Woolaroc Ranch Rd. Woolaroc will now be closed on Mondays & Tuesdays.

9AM

Lead Ain’t Dead (Kustoms only) Car Show Stray Kat Kustoms & Two Tall Okies 700 N Delaware Ave., Dewey

9PM

Labor Day

Sizzlin’ Summer Series: Glow in the Park

10AM

Live Music with Back Roads Band

12PM

Fri, Sep 10

Fall/Winter Schedule Begins

A makers market is a place to meet local artists that create things with their hands. You can find anything from pottery, paintings, wood carvings or even earrings created with paper. We will have multiple vendors for you to shop from and we guarantee you will be sure to find handcrafted and unique goods. Come meet our talented artists and help support local talent! The market runs from 9 a.m. - 1 p.m.

Bartlesville Artisan Market Washington Park Mall 2350 SE Washington Blvd. Ste 218

Tue, Sep 7

9AM

Makers Market on 2nd Street

Woolaroc Museum & Wildlife Preserve 1925 Woolaroc Ranch Rd. Woolaroc will be open for the final Monday of the preserve’s summer season. 6:30PM

Celebrate Recovery Grace Community Church 1500 King Dr. Looking for a safe place to find healing in your life? Your not alone! Celebrate Recovery is a Christ-centered, 12-step program for anyone with any hurt, habit, and hang-up of any kind! Join us every Monday night at 6:30-8:30 p.m. We have programs for adults, teens, and kids to learn how to cope through life particular steps, principles based of the beatitudes, and the freedom of finding healing in community with others!

The car show will run until 4 p.m. 6PM

6PM

Pruning Trees & Shrubs

Pearls on the Prairie

Bartlesville Public Library 600 S Johnstone Ave.

Timber Oaks Event Venue 1639 US-60

OSU-Washington County Extension/ Washington County Master Gardeners will be presenting a weekly series of programs covering a wide array of gardening topics. These hour-long programs will be Tuesdays starting a 6 pm, and will be held in the Library’s Meeting Room A. These programs are free and will be open to the public to attend. On September 7, David Turner will present “Pruning Trees and Shrubs.” Turner became a Master Gardener in 2003, and since that time trees and shrubs have been his main focus. In this presentation, he will discuss proper pruning methods, the training of young trees, reduction pruning of shrubs, and other issues.

Dinner and live music featuring AnnJanette and the Evolution under the stars! Money raised during this event stays in the Bartlesville community, earmarked for leadership development programs and experiences for girls. Proceeds will also benefit renovations and a new observatory at Camp Wah-Shah-She as we celebrate 60 years. Must be 21 years or older to attend. 6PM

Bartlesville Class of 2005 15-year Reunion Bartlesville Community Center 300 SE Adams Blvd. Friday evening begins at 6pm with a Balcony Bash! Join us for beautiful views of the Price Tower and Downtown Bartlesville! A massive charcuterie board from Garnish and Graze will be featured. Saturday’s events start at 6 p.m.

Eastland Center • 918-335-2940 SEPTEMBER 2021 | bmonthly

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EVENTS CALENDAR

6PM

10AM

Bartlesville Regional United Way 2021 Campaign Kick Off

2021 Siemens Poker Run

Custer Stadium 1700 Hillcrest Dr.. Come support our local Bruins football team! We will be giving out free rally towels with Moxie on 2nd to the first 250 people. Our 2021 campaign goal will be announced live on the field at halftime. 7PM

Frozen Jr. Production Constantine Theater 110 W Main St., Pawhuska By Dance Maker Summer Camp. Shows will be Friday & Saturday at 7 p.m. and Sunday at 3 p.m.

Bartlesville Elks Club 1060 Swan Dr. Includes three poker hands, t-shirt (on first-come, first-serve basis) and entry in to Harley Party. Does not enter you into the Harley-Davidson giveaway. Harley Party tickets must still be purchased for $40 each to be entered to win the motorcycle. Harley Party tickets may be purchased at www.bvilleharleyparty.org. Cash prizes for high and low hands. Prizes awarded at the Elks Club just before 6 p.m. All bikes will leave from Elk's together and make their grand entrance at the Harley Party.

7PM

Tue, Sep 14

Sat, Sep 18

6:30PM

8AM

Orphan Trains to Oklahoma

Oldies ‘n Goodies Car Show

Bartlesville Public Library Meeting Rm A 600 S Johnstone Ave.

Downtown Dewey

This 90-minute multimedia presentation includes live music by Phillip Lancaster and Alison Moore, a video montage with archival photographs and interviews of survivors, and a dramatic reading of the 2012 novel Riders on the Orphan Train by award-winning author Alison Moore. Bartlesville Public Library is only one of a few libraries in the state to offer this free public presentation, which is funded in part by Oklahoma Humanities. This program is the official outreach program of the National Orphan Train Complex Museum and Research Center based in Concordia, Kansas.

Open class car show. Dewey, OK. Trophies presented to the top 20 judges choice, Mayor's choice, and "Most likely to outrun the cops" entries. Registration $25, 8 am to 11 am. Portion of the proceeds goes to the Dewey Hotel and Tom Mix Museum.

2nd Anniversary Whiskey Tasting

Wed, Sep 15

Platinum Cigar Company 314 S Johnstone Ave.

8AM

Sponsored by A’s Wine & Spirits, the event concludes with music by Cory Lee.

8AM

Operation Clean House

Osage County Free Fair

Phillips 66 parking lot west of RR tracks or Washington County District 2 Barn

Sat, Sep 11

Osage County Fairgrounds 320 Skyline Dr., Pawhuska

TBA

Platinum Cigar Company’s 2nd Anniversary Platinum Cigar Company 314 S Johnstone Ave. Food and prizes given throughout the day. 9AM

Roadshow Longarm Experience Red Barn Quilting 99 County Rd 2285, Barnsdall Designed for quilters who do not currently own a longarm machine or current owners who are looking to upgrade, the 3 1/2 hour free seminar includes valuable info.

6PM

11th Annual Harley Party Bartlesville Cycle Sports 231 NE Washington Blvd. Harley Party is the annual fundraiser benefiting the Boys & Girls Club of Bartlesville. Come and enjoy an evening of food, music, silent and live auctions, and the chance to win a brand new Harley Davidson Street Bob 114!

The Osage County Free Fair takes place every year at the Osage County Fairgrounds with tons of fun for the kids and the whole family! The fair runs through September 18.

Thu, Sep 16 12:30PM

The Summit 2021

10AM

Woolaroc Fall Trail Ride

Live Music with Biscuits & Gravy

Church of God of the Apostolic Faith, Inc. 399758 W 3100 Rd., Ramona

Platinum Cigar Company 314 S Johnstone Ave.

The worship summit runs through September 18.

8:30PM

Fri, Sep 17 8:30PM

Live Music with Dax Perrier Platinum Cigar Company 314 S Johnstone Ave.

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bmonthly | SEPTEMBER 2021

Dispose of your hazardous household waste in an environmentally responsible manner, free of charge, at this annual countywide hazardous waste disposal and recycling event. Together, we're providing a safer, healthier environment in the place we all call home! For more information please check our facebook page at OperationCleanHouseWashingtonCounty.

Woolaroc Museum & Wildlife Preserve 1925 Woolaroc Ranch Rd. The trail ride covers approximately 15 miles of terrain that is rarely, if ever, seen by the general public. It is common to see buffalo, elk, deer, and longhorn cattle along the trails of Woolaroc.


EVENTS CALENDAR 7PM

Thu, Sep 23

Bartlesville Civitan Club Paddle Party Fundraiser

5PM

Bartlesville Elks Lodge 1060 Swan Dr. What is a Paddle Party? It's is a fun combination of an auction and a game of chance. With paddle in hand, as each item is auctioned you will have a chance to win a gift worth as much as $50 for only 25 cents! Bring a roll of quarters and join us for an evening of fun and fellowship. Each paddle cost $5. Proceeds from this fundraiser will go to support local organizations who help those with developmental disabilities, youth/teens, and the elderly.

Pioneer Day Festival Skiatook Central Park 110 N Broadway, Skiatook Pioneer Day Festival is Skiatook’s annual Founder’s Day celebration. Taking place every September, Pioneer Day kicks off on Thursday with a carnival & flows into Friday. Saturday morning starts with Run the Rails 5K, a parade through town, followed by exhibitors and citizens filling Central Park for a day of shopping, carnival rides, tournaments, and more

Sat, Sep 25

7:30PM

6:30AM

Live Music with Luke Christenson

Miles for Mammograms 2K & 5K

Constantine Theater 110 W Main St., Pawhuska

Tower Center at Unity Square 300 SE Adams Blvd.

Tickets are $15 each.

This event is a fundraiser for the Bartlesville Regional United Way.

9PM

Live Music with Alisha Kay Platinum Cigar Company 314 S Johnstone Ave.

8 AM

Harvest and Hot Rods Car Show The Main Drag Street, Ochelata Car show, children’s games and a craft fair until 8 p.m. in downtown Ochelata.

Tue, Sep 21 2PM

Beginner’s Crochet Bartlesville Public Library 600 S Johnstone Ave. Bartlesville Public Library’s free monthly adult craft classes allow crafters to try different media and techniques. Previous classes have included the art of modern hand lettering, sewing tote bags, and making bath bombs, wreaths and jewelry. Both beginners and experienced crafters are welcome to come and learn in a relaxed and fun environment. Learn the stitches, tools, and techniques you need to get started with crochet! Join Sherry and Kim as they provide step-by-step instructions for getting started – from selecting the right yarn and deciphering tricky yarn labels to properly holding your hook and working yarn. Learn basic stitches, how to work in rows, keep your crochet on track and become comfortable reading patterns! Finally, combine your new skills to begin a scarf you’ll be proud to wear or give. After this class, you might be hooked! Materials provided. This class is offered twice, from 2–4 pm, and repeated again at 6–8 pm and will take place in Meeting Room C. Registration is required as class size is limited. To register call the Local and Family History desk at 918-338-4167.

12PM

8:30PM

Kids Kamp

Live Music with Aaron Ray Vaughn

Hopestone Cancer Treatment Center 206 SE Frank Phillips Blvd. #3520

Platinum Cigar Company 314 S Johnstone Ave.

An afternoon full of food, fun and games. All children living with cancer and their siblings are invited to attend. Mom & Dad please call to register your child(ren) and answer a few questions so we can fill their goodie bags!!!

Wed, Sep 29

5PM

Washington County SPCA Bingo Bash Washington County Fairgrounds 1109 N Delaware St., Dewey Join us for our 1st in person Bingo Bash, benefiting the homeless animals of Washington County. We are limiting the event to 296 seats (37) tables. Concessions available. Doors open at 5 p.m. 50/50 Mini-Bingo starts at 5:30 p.m., Regular Bingo starts at 7 pm. Tickets are $13 General Admission (in advance) Game starts at 7; $15 General Admission (at the door); $5 Extra Bingo packets, available to general admission ticket holders; $1 50/50 Mini Bingo Cards available at the event. Mini Bingo starts at 5:30. General admission includes a bingo packet with 10 sheets (3 cards per sheet) and 1 dauber. Want to reserve a table for eight for your family and friends? For an additional $50, you can reserve a table and skip the check in process. Your table will be set up with all your supplies so you are ready to play.

9AM

2021 Day of Caring Tower Center at Unity Square 300 SE Adams Blvd. Join us on September 29th to bring Bartlesville Regional United Way projects to life! We will also kick off the day with a celebration at Tower Center at Unity Square. Keep an eye out for the Day of Caring Kickoff event page on Bartlesville Regional United Way’s Facebook page to learn more information!

Thu, Sep 30 7PM

Hometown History Book Club Bartlesville Area History Museum 401 S Johnstone Ave. The book club will meet to discuss the book The Bedside Book of Bad Girls: Outlaw Women of the American West. Copies available in the Bartlesville Area History Museum gift shop.

6:30PM

Cow Thieves and Outlaws Reunion 10AM

High Frontier Annual Rocket Launch Pawhuska Municipal Airport West of Pawhuska on Hwy 60 Join Tulsa Rocketry for our annual High Frontier regional launch. See high power rockets take off to altitudes up to 20,000 ft, rocket drag races, and enjoy our night launch on Saturday night. Kids can register for free rocket drawings twice an hour, fly their rockets for free, and participate in our Closest to the Buffalo contest for cash prizes. The launch will also be held from 10 a.m. – 3 p.m. on Sunday, September 26.

Woolaroc Museum & Wildlife Preserve 1925 Woolaroc Ranch Rd. What began as a party in 1927, when Bartlesville oilman Frank Phillips played host to cowboys, socialites, thieves, bankers, and lawmen at his country estate, is now an annual tradition that preserves the history and heritage of the American West. This is the major fundraising event benefiting the Frank Phillips Foundation, the non-profit that owns and operates the 3700-acre wildlife preserve, museum, and ranch. The Cow Thieves & Outlaws Reunion is held outdoors at Woolaroc’s Clyde Lake Pavilion, and features live music, dancing, food, drink, and a limited number of vendors.

7PM

Concerts in the Park Series Finale Tower Center at Unity Square 300 SE Adams Blvd. Bring a lounge chair, blanket, cooler, snacks, and bug spray and enjoy live music, an open mic, and karaoke.

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SEPTEMBER 2021 | bmonthly

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A GOOD WORD

Keep Shoveling! Worthwhile Suffering is Most Often Rewarded by Dr. Jason Fullerton This past February, I was simultaneously shivering and sweating while shoveling my driveway during the Snow-vid, Snowpocalypse, Snowmaggedon event we endured in Northeast Oklahoma. I was beyond miserable. Frozen ears and fingers, coupled with an inflamed back and arms, is not my idea of fun. Yet on that frigid Thursday morning, I was shoveling a snow-packed driveway in hopes of leaving my house … a task that seemed unending. I hate suffering, and I especially hate suffering when there is not a reason or cause behind it. But I don’t mind suffering when the purpose is pure. Perhaps you can relate; maybe you are staying up late to pursue a degree or working an extra job, so you can be debt-free. You might be eating clean and training dirty to lose weight, or caring for a family member that needs your help. Worthwhile suffering is not only tolerable, it is most often rewarded. Have you ever heard about the “Chick-fil-A First 100” event? Whenever a new store opens, the first 100 customers in line get free Chick-fil-A for a year. In other words, if you are willing to suffer waiting in line outside — perhaps all night long — you will be rewarded with free food for an entire year. Chick-fil-A addicts like myself would deem that type of suffering worthwhile!

But the suffering that Peter writes about is more than worthwhile, it is lifechanging. 1 Peter 3:14 reminds us, “even if you should suffer for righteousness’ sake, you will be blessed.” Maybe you’ve been made fun of or ridiculed for your faith, or you’ve been ousted by family members for your devotion to the Gospel. You DR. JASON & ROBYN FULLERTON may have even been passed over for a promotion because of your unwillingness to compromise your convictions. Jesus speaks directly to you in Matthew 5:10 when he says, “Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness’ sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.” Maybe God hasn’t answered your prayer in the way you want, or maybe the healing you’ve been seeking seems slow in coming, or maybe the prodigal loved one you’ve been expecting hasn’t returned home. If you find yourself suffering for righteousness sake I want to encourage you that God’s inactivity does not indicate God’s inability. In other words, just because God isn’t visibly moving doesn’t mean He can’t move. It means that His plan and His timing are vastly superior to ours. We live in a world where things happen when and how we want them to. We get inpatient when street lights don’t change quickly, microwaves take too long to heat our food, weight loss seems slower than expected, or the webpage won’t load. We then translate this mindset into our interactions with God and wrongly assume that His inactivity indicates His inability or even worse, His apathy. But rather than being frustrated by your suffering, consider these questions: • What is God doing in me through this season? • What are others observing while I persevere? • How can I grow during this season of suffering? Galatians 6:9 reminds us to “not get tired of doing what is good. At just the right time we will reap a harvest of blessing if we don’t give up.” Shoveling a clear path out of my driveway on that frigid Thursday morning in February seemed painful and impossible, and it would have been easier to give up. But with time and a little tenacity, I eventually made it out and I was better for it. If you are suffering today, don’t let the immediate circumstances keep you down … keep on shoveling!

SEPTEMBER 2021 | bmonthly

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STARS IN OUR BACK YARD

Lenape Linguists Nora Thompson Dean & Jim Rementer Kept Language Alive by Debbie Neece, Bartlesville Area History Museum Often communication requires crossing a barrier and accepting another language, creating the loss of deeply rooted culture. Hanging on to the Lenape language was not only essential, it was a passion for Nora (Thompson) Dean who shared her life with a young white scholar resulting in a highly respected friendship and partnership. For Nora and Jim Rementer, holding fast to the language of Lenape forefathers became their life dedication. Nora (1907-1984) was born in the Hogshooter area on the Delaware allotment of her full-blood parents, James and Sarah (Wilson) Thompson. She later married Charley Dean. She was a traditionalist, meaning she lived the Delaware way of life. She was profoundly gifted and could read an English book and translate to Lenape as she read aloud without pause. In the early 50s, her efforts to preserve and strengthen the tribal basics moved towards working with notable anthropologists, linguists, botanists, historians and ethnomusicologists, sharing Delaware song, dance, language, plant knowledge and Indian medicines. Pennsylvania born Jim Rementer found his Delaware homeland roots opened doors and created opportunities. As a boy, Jim attended Camp Lenape two summers where he developed an interest in the Delaware. As a young man, the interest sparked into a flame when Jim read correspondence between well-known anthropologist Frank Speck and Oklahoman Freddie Washington. Jim wrote questions to Mr. Washington which he replied, “If you want answers, come here.” In those days, Oklahoma was a threeday bus ride where Jim’s first immersion into the Delaware culture was an all-night stomp dance. When Dr. William Sturtevant, Curator of North American Ethnology at the Smithsonian, visited Freddie Washington, Rementer offered tour guide services which became Jim’s first introduction to Nora Thompson and her father, James. Jim returned to Pennsylvania with the goal of attending linguistic and anthropology courses at the University of PA. The following spring, he returned to Oklahoma (1962) to work extensively with the elders in language preservation…and never left.

In 1963, Rementer was adopted into the “Lenape way” by James Thompson because he felt Jim’s purpose was honorable… and indeed it was. Rementer was wrapped in the comfort of the family and tribe as only a true friend could be accepted. The depth of acceptance carries to this day. In 1970, a Delaware cultural awakening blossomed with a sudden interest in language preservation. Nora received invitations to speak before other Delaware communities and Museums in the old Delaware homeland and Jim traveled with her. One such invitation was to deliver the Lord’s Prayer in Lenape at the rededication of the Chapel of the Delaware in Canada. During 1979-80, Nora produced a four-part Lenape Language Lesson and her awards were abundant including being recognized as “Oklahoma’s Ambassador of Goodwill.” As Director of the Lenape Language Program, Rementer has perfected preservation and brought a better understanding of the Delaware traditions though language. In 1998, a two-year grant funded the creation of a Delaware dictionary. Then, with a threeyear National Science Foundation grant, Rementer spearheaded the establishment of the online Lenape Talking Dictionary which includes twelve language lessons, stories, songs and prayers. https://www.talk-lenape.org/ Lenape linguists Nora Thompson Dean and Jim Rementer have saved the Lenape language for future generations, one word at a time.

SEPTEMBER 2021 | bmonthly

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Charles & Jane Journeycake with Jake Bartles.

Charles Journeycake Journeycake Spiritual Dedication & Christian Values by Debbie Neece, Bartlesville Area History Museum The Lenape “Delaware” people once lived in the New England area of America, in the valley of the Hudson and Potomac Rivers, where the earth was fertile, productive and the tribe of farmers flourished. The very first signed treaty began the “dark history of greed and injustice” for the tribe. By the early part of the eighteenth century, failed treaties and devastating wars pinched the occupied lands of the Delaware to the CHARLES JOURNEYCAKE Western part of their homeland.

The tidal-wave of settlers forced the Lenape to gather their meager belongings for resettlement further and further south, traveling from Ohio, through Indiana, to Missouri, and finally to the Delaware Reservation in southern Kansas. Their son, Charles Journeycake was born in 1817 in Sandusky, OH, one year before the St. Mary’s treaty which assigned removal of the tribe to the fork of the Kansas and Missouri Rivers … despite protest. Charles was ten when the move was finally executed and along the journey, the wilderness was filled with the angelic voice of Sally Journeycake singing Christian hymns. She held within her soul a Christian spirit which she shared with children and all who were receptive. Charles learned in the same school setting which Sally taught the children; except, his education also included English, reading and arithmetic.

It was the influence of a black man who had lost his way but held tight to his Christian faith that brought Solomon Journeycake to Christianity. But it was Journeycake’s wife, Sally (Williams), who Along their travels, the tribe was captured by the hymnals “A man should work like he is going to live forever, and pray paused at the home of Shawnee the black man sang by the firelike he is going to die tomorrow.” friends where they were introside and instilled Christianity in — Charles Journeycake duced to the Shawnee Baptist the tribe and her family. She Mission. When the survivors of became an interpreter for the Ohio to Kansas Reservation trek arrived in the spring of 1829, Methodist missionaries among the Wyandotte tribe, deepening they established the Delaware Baptist Mission. her faith and commitment and encouraging missionaries to hold services in the Journeycake home. The fruit of his mother’s Christian work, sixteen-year-old Charles was baptized August 1833 and began preaching in his 40

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NOW YOU KNOW native tongue, as his English was still broken. At the age of twenty, Charles married sixteen-year-old Jane Socia and eleven girls and three boys joined their family. Charles joined the American Baptist Foreign Mission Society and in 1848 he became associated with Reverend John Pratt who held a thirty-year mission among the Delaware. Charles preached in Delaware, Shawnee, Wyandotte, Seneca, and Ottawa languages, often traveling with Pratt whose son, Lucius Pratt married Charles’s daughter “Nannie” at the Delaware Baptist Church, Wyandotte County, Kansas in May of 1860. Three daughters joined their union, “Nonie,” Ella and Ida, before Lucius died in 1865. Three years later, Nannie married Jacob Bartles and he cared for her children. Journeycake lead the Delaware as they waded through the Civil War, supporting the Union Army, and their final removal to Indian Territory in 1867. In 1871, he established a church at Lightning Creek/Old Alluwe, now inundated by the waters of the Oologah Reservoir. The following year, the missionaries of the Home Mission Society attended the Journeycake Church where Charles Journeycake became ordained. From 1871-1880, he was credited with two hundred sixty-six baptisms. After the birth and death of their first child, Charles, the Bartles relocated to Indian Territory where they were adopted into the Cherokee tribe. They briefly settled at the Yellow Leaf Ford on the Verdigris River, near Alluwe, where Bartles established a sawmill before removing to Silver Lake in 1873. Nannie had received her education at the Delaware Baptist Mission at Denison, KS and the Baptist College in Granville, OH. Once settled at Silver Lake, she quickly went to work establishing educational and religious opportunities for her family and others in the area. There, Charles Journeycake established the Delaware Baptist Church, after the relocation of the Osage Tribe to Pawhuska. Nothing would lessen the religious or moral work of Nannie Bartles; “no distance was too great, no night too dark and no weather too severe” to prevent her from ministering to the sick or dying.

As a statesman, the first of Charles Journeycake’s twenty-four trips to Washington D.C. came in 1854 to sell land and secure the retirement of five aged chiefs. The following year, he was chosen as the Chief of the Wolf Clan, which automatically granted him position of one of the assistant Chiefs. In 1861, the Delaware Tribe appointed Journeycake as Principle Chief, a position he held until his death, January 1894.

November 1906 at Ninth and Delaware in Dewey. The octagon shaped brick church was razed in 1924 and replaced with a larger church at Tenth and Delaware by the same name. In 1953, the church’s name was changed to First Baptist where a Nannie Bartles stained-glass mural continues to grace the church entrance. Representing a full-circle of spiritual dedication and Christian values.

Did You Know? The Indian University began in Tahlequah, I.T. in 1880 with Charles Journeycake among the first board members. In 1885, the school moved to Muskogee and then was renamed Bacone College in 1910. After Reverend Journeycake’s death, Nannie Bartles served on the board and influenced the building of the Sally Journeycake Memorial Hall. Unfortunately, Nannie died before the building was completed so her granddaughter, Roberta Campbell Lawson, spoke at the January 30, 1937 dedication: "You are building here on this campus around the deeds of those whose lives were woven in the beauty of Christian patterns. Cherish this house, and think of it as a memorial not only to the pioneer Delaware woman, Sally Journeycake, but to every Christian Indian woman of the Country." In 1940, the Bacone College Chapel was dedicated and Roberta Lawson donated an artful stained-glass as memorial to Reverend Charles Journeycake for his spiritual dedication to the Delaware Tribe.. Now You Know*

Religious leadership and Christian values ran deep in the Journeycake family and continued after Reverend Journeycake’s death. His daughter, Nannie Journeycake Pratt Bartles held religious services in the Bartles’ home on the north bank of the Caney River; an act she repeated once the family settled in the Dewey Hotel. As a tribute to her father, the Journeycake Memorial Baptist Church was dedicated NANNIE JOURNEYCAKE SEPTEMBER 2021 | bmonthly

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FROM THE HEART

You Can Change the World! All it Takes is Overcoming Fears & Finding Your Purpose by Lori Kroh I was given a gift last week by my daughter — a beautiful pink coffee mug with yellow stars on it and words in this artsy font that said “You can change the World!” I loved it at first sight and was inspired the next morning as I sat and sipped my coffee. I started to wonder ... Can I? Can we? How does one go about changing the world? Especially when there are so many problems and issues that we are overwhelmed. Most of us cannot agree on topics at a family dinner, let alone enough to change the world. Each morning I sat and began to really ponder. I realized that fear holds a lot of us back and when held in fear, we cannot move forward. My belief is that we each have a purpose, a reason we are here. Only when we walk in bold faith of who we are can we activate the purpose within us. For some, your world may be very small and you may believe that you need a huge platform in which to make a difference. I want to encourage you to answer the questions for yourself and then perhaps your boldness may increase so that you get inspired with a passion for your purpose.

Answer 2. I don’t need permission to Dream big Dreams. I give myself permission and ask God for His and trust it all will work out. Answer 3. I am weary of wondering what others think of me. I used to lose sleep over it. I need only concern myself with what I can change and control. I just bought a t-shirt that reads, “Don’t worry about me, worry about your eyebrows.” I love it. There is freedom in acceptance and knowing that not everyone will love you. Answer 4. I was worried that I would be misunderstood, yet I know once I seek to first understand ... that is how I can change the world. I am here to encourage, not discourage. I am here to love and not fight. I am here to leave the space I enter better and not worse. The world won’t change unless we do, and it starts with facing our fears. Once you know how to love, connect, and serve — the change begins. Be bold in all your endeavors! Godspeed friends, and don’t forget to give yourself a gold star!

Once you know what holds you back, you can stop resisting the change you need to make. You realize it’s not all about you or me. It’s about others and then you become a world-changer. 1. 2. 3. 4.

Here are a few questions to ask yourself to get started. Are you weary of apologizing for what you truly want? Are you weary of needing “permission” to Dream your Dreams? Are you weary of wondering what others think of you? Are you weary of needing people to understand you?

These questions are meant to encourage you to discover your truth. I learned a long time ago that to love others well, I needed to truly love myself. I needed to love what I do whether in hobbies or work. I needed to be filled with passion about it or else the burnout would come and I would not be authentic. I needed to understand that my life is not about only me, it is for others as well. I live within a moral code of I want to, I get to, and I choose to do for myself and others. I am directed by God to not just live for myself, but for my true purpose — which involves connecting and serving. We are called to help one another and it will look different for each of us. I have learned that a lot of the fear comes from internal struggles that our minds replay over and over. I am learning more about what is holding me back from changing the world. For me to ask for the fear to go away is to ask to not grow. I want to change so I get bold. Answer 1. I don’t have to apologize for what I truly want. Deep down, we all have things we desire and it’s more than okay. SEPTEMBER 2021 | bmonthly

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Sandra Brown, Administrator

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3434 Kentucky Place • 918-333-9545 • www.bartlesvillehealthandrehab.com 44

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HELPING HANDS

Quality, Long-term Care Staff Focuses On Caring For The Whole Person by Lori Just Bartlesville Health & Rehab Community is dedicated to providing quality, long-term healthcare for residents. Their goal is to focus on resident-centered care that attends to each person's physical, emotional, social, and spiritual well-being. “Our services include skilled therapy, long-term care, and our independent living apartments,” said Brett Harsh, marketing director. “We offer physical, speech, and occupational therapy along with wound care management and a stroke recovery program. We have semi and private rooms for our long-term care residents and also offer individual care plans.” Their independent living apartments have been, and continue to be, remodeled for their renters. They are currently in phase 3 of a remodel and various updates have also been made on the long-term care side such as new lighting and reupholstered furniture. There is a new patio in the courtyard for individuals to enjoy a shady spot under the trees to get fresh air. Live music nights and cook outs are also hosted in this space. “We are very proud of the fact that we have been able to continue to improve our facility,” said Harsh. The Bartlesville Health & Rehab Community staff welcomes its residents open arms by taking the time to know everyone on a personal level. They also provide a wide array of activities to keep residents active and social. “We just prove day in and day out that this is a true family atmosphere,” said Harsh. “We take great pride in the activities that we have been able to do with our residents to put smiles on people’s faces.”

Some of their regular activities include sittercise, cookouts, live entertainment, and numerous other games and events. Individual apartments offer independence in the comfort of community living with a fully-quipped kitchen as well as meals provided in the dining room or in the privacy of an individual’s apartment. Independent living apartments feature an emergency call system, as well as housekeeping services, on-site laundry, and a beauty shop. As needs change for residents, Bartlesville Health & Rehab Community can adapt and assist to insure residents can remain as independent as possible while overseeing any healthcare needs. Highly-trained staff provide attentive service to residents’ daily living such as bathing, dressing, medication administration, and mobility assistance. The staff can also help coordinate various appointment and transportation needs. “Caring for the whole person is our way of life,” added Harsh. “When you become a part of the family, you will have the opportunity to engage in a wide variety of activities aimed at satisfying your interests, keeping you active physically and mentally, and contributing to a full, rich life on a daily basis.” Visit bartlesvillehealthandrehab.com to view more services. Bartlesville Health & Rehab Community also has an active Facebook account with photos and videos of their remodel, various activities, and engaging staff. Check them out: @bartlesvillehealthandrehab

SEPTEMBER 2021 | bmonthly

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OUT & ABOUT

BARTLESVILLE ROUND-UP CLUB RODEO

ROBERT BABCOCK CELEBRATION OF LIFE CONCERT

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OUT & ABOUT

FRONTIER POOL POOCH PARTY

Chamber gala

SALSA NORTH OF TULSA

SEPTEMBER 2021 | bmonthly

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srussell@mcgrawrealtors.com

918-213-5943

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ON THE OSAGE

Retreat to Osage County . . . When the Trenches Got You In Their Clinches by Kelly Bland

Retreat can mean a couple things. First, to run away, as in a battle,“Retreat, retreat!” Second, a retreat can be a place of rejuvenation and peace — where refreshing takes place. To put them together and to throw in my thoughts on the matter, I think everyone needs their own personal retreat where they can go when the day comes to an end — a place where the opinions of man drop outside the front door like luggage left on the stoop. A retreat to be retreated to often, where the load comes off like a trench coat draped across a foyer chair — to be left there until time to step back out into the trenches… Ever feel that way? Like you want to sound the battle cry, “Retreat!” Life can make you feel that way sometimes. People can make you feel that way sometimes. It’s normal, but when it hits you like a cannon ball, it’s nice to have a place to go — your own personal retreat. I thought I would let you in on one of mine. When the phone calls get too overwhelming, or the pressures become too high, I retreat to Lake Skiatook (as I like to call it). Calling it Lake Skiatook just sounds like a retreat. Its real name is Skiatook Lake — but that just doesn’t sound like it makes me feel. Known for having the calmest and cleanest waters in the state, Lake Skiatook, a.k.a. Skiatook Lake, is my retreat-of-choice in Osage County.

To add to the appeal, CrossTimbers Marina is there with boat rentals to make escaping as easy as a phone call. They will have your water craft of choice fueled up and waiting for you at the dock so all you have to do is step aboard and take off. In minutes you can be out on the waters surrounded by hillsides of abutting ranches and adrift on peaceful waters. They even have doubledecker pontoon boats with water slides available! It’s an unwritten rule that every retreat should have a water slide! Just in case you need a few days of this therapy, CrossTimbers Marina also has lakeshore lodging available with porches just perfect for coffee savoring at daybreak or sunset gazing in the evening. They are also known for their top-notch service and excellent attitudes to make your stay a pleasure. So, hey there, drenched trench coat wearer in the soggy fedora with a load to bear! Drop your load on the stoop and let us take your coat and hat at Lake Skiatook in Osage County, where you can take a load off and “Retreat!” You’ll be the better for it — promise! Y’all come see us in the Osage and find your own personal retreat spot where you can be refreshed and renewed. Our countryside is beautiful, our pace of life is easy, folks are friendly, and our smiles are genuine! Shhhh ... listen — I think Lake Skiatook is calling your name... SEPTEMBER 2021 | bmonthly

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FUNNY YOU SHOULD ASK

by Jay Webster

Hi, friends. If you’ve been reading my column for a while, you know that every year I interview my daughter about what she did for her summer break. For many, its become their favorite entry of the year. I’ll try not to let that hurt my feelings, since it’s also the issue that includes the least amount of writing from me. At any rate let’s get started, shall we? J: So for our home reading audience, please tell everyone your name, age and what grade you’re in. E: Uh, my name is Evanjalyn Webster. I am nine years old, about to be 10 … and um, I am in fourth grade. J: Okay, fourth grade. What did you learn in third grade? 50

bmonthly | SEPTEMBER 2021

E: Honestly a lot of things that I already knew. Like “main idea” and “supporting details,” … Addition, um, so that kind of stuff. J: It seems to me that if you can read and add and subtract, I think you know all you really need to know. So, shouldn’t you be out looking for a job right now instead of going into 4th grade? These are prime earning years. E: (Sigh and head shake) J: What kind of thing do you think you would like to do when you’re done with all this “school learnin’?” E: So, like after college and that stuff, I’d probably work on, um, writing some of my own songs and recording them and maybe submitting some to different places and, um, making some records and albums. And then maybe have a side job,


FUNNY YOU SHOULD ASK like working at Starbucks or something kind of fun, that would get me a little extra money.

E: Um, Matilda is about a young girl who is born and unwanted… J: So, kind of your story…

J: I’ll just put down that you want to remain unemployed.

E: Wow…(laughs)

E: (Eye roll)

J: I noticed — because I was forced to go to the play — that in the second act you had to come out on the stage all by yourself. What did that feel like?

J: Let me start by asking, if you were in charge of the school calendar, how long would the summer break last? E: My summer break would last … Well, how long is it already? J: Like three months.

E: Um, for my monologue in the second act it was kinda interesting. I got used to it, honestly.

E: I would say, maybe like three months and like maybe four more weeks.

J: So what do you think was your favorite part of being on the Main Stage production of Matilda?

J: Okay. So tell people at home what you did for your summer break.

E: I met a lot of new people that were good people, lots of good friends. Nobody from my school was in Matilda, which is kinda weird. But still it was a great experience, like all the other smaller camps. It was just bigger and more influenced and more structured.

E: The first thing I did was I got out of school. Two days later, I went to a summer camp for Children’s Musical Theater for High School Musical Jr. I was in three different ensembles and played “Susan” for the audition scene. J: So, for people who don’t know anything about High School Musical, how would you describe the show? E: Well, High School Musical was honestly written like 21 years ago, so it’s kinda cheesy and everyone has flip phones and it’s kinda funny and weird.

J: And after the shows were over, did anyone say congratulations or did you get any flowers? E: Gosh, let’s see. I got like six bouquets on the last day and a lot of congratulations and little gift baskets galore. J: Is that something you think you’d like to do again? E: I would love to do it again.

J: And then what did you do?

J: Did you do anything besides musical theater this summer?

E: Then we went on to the show Matilda, which I auditioned for and I got the role of Lavender.

E: Um, so we did go camping with our little renovated Shasta camper. And we went fishing.

J: How many auditions did you do?

J: Did you catch anything?

E: Um, I did five auditions.

E: Uh, we caught jack squat. We used all different kinds of baits: hot dogs, beef jerky, lures, and worms. We tried everything.

J: Wow, were you nervous? E: I was really nervous, actually. But after that, I got to play the lead character’s best friend.

J: Did you like camping?

J: How would you describe that character?

J: Did you do any other travel this summer?

E: Um, she’s a little bit like me. She’s pretty perky and fun, um, very illustrative.

E: Just one day after Matilda, I packed and I was on my trip to Chicago, Illinois in the airport.

J: What do you mean by illustrative?

J: Now that the fun is over and you’re back in school (because you ignored my advice and didn’t get a job) what are your impressions of 4th grade so far?

E: She’s kind of like a cartoon character. J: So, what were the rehearsals like? E: So, the rehearsals … we had a good director, very strict … very, very strict … um

E: It was just sort of a free lifestyle, which was nice.

E: Um, I have a pretty exotic class so far. J: What do you mean by that?

J: In what ways was she strict?

E: Honestly, it’s pretty hyper-genic.

E: Um, she was very “point on” on directions. She had her own kind of personality that I had never really seen before.

J: Hyper-genic? OK.

J: So was she scary or was she fun… E: Um, she actually was kinda scary. But other than that, all the other people were really nice. Um, but after four weeks of ongoing rehearsals, we moved to the Community Center and we did dress rehearsal under hot lights and some costume rehearsals from like 6 to 10:30 at night. J: What did if feel like to be on the Main stage, when you first walked out? E: When I first walked on there to get my first mic check, it felt very big and very empty, but it was a good feeling. J: Was it exciting? E: Um, honestly it was. Being on that stage, which I had been like waiting for, for like a year, just taking my first steps felt really good. J: What’s Matilda about, for those who don’t know the show?

E: Class runs on hyper-ish drive, basically. So, I’m not saying that’s all me or anything, but wow… J: Okay, so there’s a lot of energy in your classroom. Now that you are in fourth grade, I guess that kind of makes you leaders in the school. What’s that like? E: It feels different looking down at all the tiny people. I’m only four-foot-five, but it still feels kind of good to be in that spot that you’ve looked forward to being in for a long time. J: Well, anything else you want people to know about your summer break? E: Um, it was fun and enjoyable and we had a lot of fun reading all your columns. J: Oh, thank you. Well, do you want to tell everyone good-bye? E: Good-Byyyyeeee, everybody. J: That’s very dramatic. Well, there you have it friends. We’ll look for you next month. SEPTEMBER 2021 | bmonthly

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LOCAL SUCCESS

The Freshest Beef Local Business is Dedicated to Providing Freshest Beef Possible by Delaney Williams American Heritage Beef Company is doing things their own way. Based in Nowata, Oklahoma, they are a woman majorityowned, producer-owned operation. AHBC is in the business of direct-to-consumer sales with the goal of the freshest beef possible ending up on your plate. American Heritage Beef Company is owned by Gary & Tara Dennis and Shane & Sherri Goemmer. Each of the four owners has a background helping out on their families’ ranches, and a touch of fate brought the company together. “It began when we met Gary. He was an accountant, and I was looking for an accountant,” said Sherri Goemmer. “He had told me about his business, cattle, and selling custom beef. I told him about the business idea I had years ago to sell beef. He approached us about this plant that was going to be for sale and we discussed it. We shared the same vision of quality.” The folks at AHBC pride themselves on quality during every part of their process. They raise their own cattle and process meat in their state inspected facility. They also offer custom slaughter and processing services to local and regional ranchers. The goal is always a seamless, transparent transaction from pasture to plate. “When you get your beef from a grocery store, you don’t know where it comes from.” Sherri Goemmer explained, “The cattle can be raised in another country, but can still be labeled produced in the United States if it was just slightly processed here.” 

When asked what makes AHBC different from other beef companies, Sherri explained, “We take a lot of care. When we process our own beef, we’re paying attention. We’re making notes to see how we can improve. Gary and his wife have been custom processing for about 16 years. He has a lot of knowledge of cattle and taking care of them.” AHBC offer a variety of packages to meet every need. They sell a basic ground beef package, another aimed at having quality beef for every family dinner, as well as packages aimed at hosting the perfect weekend cookout. You can be sure that your family is enjoying the best meat possible. It’s no wonder that many customers have told AHBC that they don’t ever want to go back to buying beef from the grocery store.   AHBC is open 5 ½ days a week from 7:30 AM to 6:00 PM, Monday through Friday. They are open from 8:00 AM to noon on Saturdays to allow customers to pick up beef outside of business hours. AHBC has also begun selling their beef at local farmer’s markets with the goal to expand their sales in the future. You can find them at the Bartlesville Farmers Market every Saturday, the Nowata Market on Wednesdays, and the OKC Market on Sundays.  For more information, call AHBC at (918) 601-0201 or email order@ahbeefco.com. AHBC is located at 19974 NS 411 RD in Nowata, OK.

Sherri and Shane Goemmer (left) with Gary and Tara Dennis (right), owners of American Heritage Beef Company

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LIFE OF SERVICE

Goodbye to a Special Place by Mike Wilt It’s the summer of 1938. Serales Grant is busy minding his woodworking and cabinet shop when Bartlesville’s leading businessman walks through the door. Frank Phillips – one of the two founders of Phillips Petroleum Company – is searching for a carpenter. He wants that carpenter to be Serales Grant. Some thirteen years earlier, the oil man established a private ranch twelve miles southwest of town. A large museum constructed with nearby sandstone contained an impressive array of art and artifacts. “Uncle Frank” needed someone to build showcases for the burgeoning collection of collectibles and handle the everyday care and maintenance. Frank convinced the talented craftsman to close up shop and work for him. Grant started on July 3, 1938. There was no way he could have known that at least one member of his family would work at Woolaroc Museum and Wildlife Preserve until August 2, 2021. After 22 years of following in the footsteps of his grandfather and father, Tim Sydebotham retired last month as Woolaroc’s lead carpenter and museum caretaker. “I wore a lot of hats during my time there,” Tim said. Indeed. “I hired and supervised all of the museum janitors, made sure the heat and air worked properly, and was in charge of all construction projects. Basically, everything inside the museum walls.” Arguably, the most visible example of Tim’s handiwork is the impressive pine bark frames that surround the priceless artwork. In the early days, Frank’s contractor, Arthur Gorman, traveled to Arkansas to obtain the part of the tree that sawmills didn’t use. He slowly developed a process for treating the delicate material. “But my grandfather perfected it,” Tim said. The arduous task includes pressing, boiling, and drying the material over a period of six to twelve months.

“Every single frame was built by hand. The wood is too fragile for power tools. And the frames have to be treated with a sealant every few years to keep the wood from drying out and becoming brittle.” In 1952, Tim’s dad, Curtis Sydebotham, was 15 years old when he joined his father in the Woolaroc carpentry shop. They worked together until Serales retired in 1972. In 1974, Curtis’ wife, Marjorie, went to work for Woolaroc. She retired as the lodge director after 34 years. While he was a very good carpenter, Tim signed on with the Bartlesville Fire Department in 1977. In 1999, he joined Curtis to work part-time at Woolaroc. Father and son worked together for two years before Curtis retired in 2001. Tim remained with the fire department, but he worked for Woolaroc on his days off. After 28 years, Tim retired as a BFD captain and became Woolaroc’s full-time carpenter in 2005. During the next 16 years, he would carry on the family tradition. “My eldest son, T.C., was still in college when helped me build the little house in the museum basement. My son, Tyler, helped build new display cases for the gun collection. And my eldest daughter, Dawn, is the only one to ever get married inside the lodge.” Due to a thunderstorm, the outdoor wedding was allowed to be moved indoors. Woolaroc CEO Bob Fraser – who is also retiring in December – had kind words for his former employee. “With Tim being a third-generation employee, I never had to worry about protecting ‘the Woolaroc brand.’ Tim had a deep respect for the history of Woolaroc and was a great guardian of the Woolaroc mission. He will be greatly missed.” Fittingly, one of Tim’s first projects in retirement is remodeling a house once owned by Grif Graham, Woolaroc’s first ranch manager. He has plans to turn it into an Airbnb location. On the cusp of turning 63, Tim is looking forward to a new chapter, but he will always cherish his family’s association with and memories of Woolaroc. “It’s a special place…and a special part of my life.”

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BUSINESS SPOTLIGHT

Tech with Personal Touch BancFirst Set to Introduce Interactive Teller Machine by Lori Just BancFirst plans to open the city’s first interactive teller machine by the end of the month. Construction began in early summer for their drive-thru/ATM, located just west of the Highway 75 and Price Road intersection. The interactive ATM serves as a traditional cash-dispensing machine as well as connecting customers to a live teller who can help with transactions and general questions — providing more services than a traditional ATM.

“We feel we are extending our personal touch beyond downtown,” Gaut said. “We try to be prudent to take care of the relationship with our customers while providing the highest level of service, and the remote teller does that. If you need to tell us about an address change, missed a loan payment, or need help with your debit card, a live teller is available right away that greets you and can help you with your request.”

“We are such a relationship bank,” said Rick Gaut, president, BancFirst Bartlesville. “We don’t ever want to lose the personal connection to be more efficient with new technology. Here, we have tried to enhance technology with relationship. Instead of just being a non-dimensional ATM, now, with the push of a button, you can be connected to a live teller just like you would with a traditional drive thru.”

Loyalty is a top priority for BancFirst, and they pride themselves on high satisfaction of customer service. Local staff is available by phone or in person, and their call center is also available seven days a week to help customers with banking needs.

During the interaction, both the bank representative and customer can see each other and have live dialogue. The customer can process any transaction in the same manner as a traditional drive thru. They can deposit a check, withdraw cash, have coins dispensed, report a missing debit card, make a transfer, or ask account-related questions. An individual does not need a debit card, simply select “talk to a teller.” There will be two lanes with two video-equipped ATMs to help with various transaction types. BancFirst is moving to this technology to provide their customers with better service and longer hours through an additional location that is convenient to their customers. Another advantage of the machine is extended hours beyond those of the downtown location.

BancFirst has been growing with Bartlesville since 2006, at the corner of Frank Phillips and Osage — in the heart of downtown. They know downtown will always be a vibrant, bustling part of the city and they love being a part of that. Like many banks, they started small, but over the years have grown to more than 100 locations in 60 Oklahoma communities. They are consistently selected as one of America’s safest banks. Their total assets have grown to nearly $10 billion. “We embrace the conveniences and efficiencies of modern technology,” said Gaut. “But we will never forget that Oklahoma's unique identity has always come from our people, the towns and cities we call home, and the businesses we create.”

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KNOWING NOWATA

Shawnee Chief Blue Jacket Many Myths and Questions Surround Long-Ago Chief by Carrol Craun Hanging on a wall in the Nowata County History Museum are three oil paintings done by Olive S. Randall that depict her interpretation of what Marmaduke Van Swearingen would have looked like in various stages of his life. The paintings were donated to the Nowata County Historical Society Museum by descendents of the Bluejacket family, many of which still live in the Nowata and Bartlesville area. Many of the Bluejacket family are members of the Shawnee tribe. The tribe believes that when the Great Manitou made mankind, he created the Shawnee first. They sprang full-fledged from his brain and he gave them all his wisdom, knowledge and sagacity. They believe all other Indians of America were descended from the Shawnee. After the Creator had made the Indians, he made the French from his arms, the English from his breast, the Americans from his hands and the Dutch from his feet. The Eastern Shawnee headquarters is located in Wyandotte and there is a town called Bluejacket on Highway 25 in Craig County. According to the story attached to the paintings, he was a youth of 17 when he, along with his younger brother, Charles, encountered a war party of Shawnee in the early 1770s in the Pennsylvania area. Realizing that his younger brother was not strong enough to endure a difficult journey to a distant Shawnee town, Marmaduke volunteered to be their captive if his brother was let go. This war party accepted and he and his captors reached Old Chillicothe-town in what is now Ohio. This was the home of Cornstalk, Chief of the Shawnee. Marmaduke was formally adopted into the tribe and given the name "Blue Jacket" from the blue hunting shirt he was wearing. His name in Shawnee was Weheyah-pin-her-sehn. He entered into their life and engaged in all of their customs, ceremonies, labor, and sports — becoming so well-liked by tribal members that by the time he was 25 he had become their chief. This was remarkable, as the Shawnee seldom or

never permitted a white prisoner to engage with or lead a war party for fear of betrayal — let alone assume any position of power. He was known to have great physical strength, eyesight, courage, and fortitude. He had an aptitude for diplomacy in dealing with his adopted people as well as those of other tribes and the Americans. He strove to ensure lasting peace for his adopted people. Reading other accounts of Blue Jacket, or Bluejacket as the name changed over the years, there are many references to Shawnee chiefs called Blue Jacket. The name is synonymous with that of one of the most influential Shawnee tribal chiefs and thus leads to a question that has plagued scholars for many years — was Marmaduke Van Swearingen, a white man, the same Shawnee Chief that signed some of the most famous treaties in existence with Native Americans and the Federal government? The name Blue Jacket appears on the treaty of Greenville in 1795, which turned over half of the lands referred to as Ohio to the Americans. Shawnee Chief Wewayapiersenwha (or Whirlpool) Blue Jacket was born in circa 1743, his Blue Jacket name was derived from the blue military uniform he liked to wear. He served under the British in an attempt to fight against American colonists as they tried to gain lands in the Ohio region. He was famous as a war chief and diplomat. It is believed he is the one that did the signing. Marmaduke, or Blue Jacket, the name given to him by the tribe during his adoption, was born around 1753 and while he did, according to stories passed down, become a chief, he is considered by some too young to have been the one to sign treaties. Modern-day technology has made some headway in solving the issue, with DNA testing of descendents of the Native American branch of Shawnee Blue Jacket members and the direct male descendants/relatives of the caucasian family that is believed to be intertwined with the Shawnee history. It is still up to the individual to decide what to believe.

YOUNG BLUE JACKET DEPICTION

CHIEF BLUE JACKET DEPICTION

BLUE JACKET IN OLD AGE DEPICTION SEPTEMBER 2021 | bmonthly

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HERITAGE

First Americans Museum Telling the Story of Indigenous Peoples by Maria Gus Although many Oklahomans have grown up in what was once “Indian Territory,” few fully understand all 39 tribes in the state. Education and cultural opportunities for Oklahomans offer some exposure to Native heritage, but with many tribes located in different parts of the state there is much more to learn. What do travelers think when they hear “The American West?” Some visitors to Oklahoma may think of “Cowboys and Indians,” chuckwagons and teepees, horses and “buffalo” (American Bison). Ideas around these terms are sometimes Hollywood creations, caricatures of westward expansion, or broad over generalizations. However, in recent years, many tribes have begun to change the narrative. Instead of hearing Native stories through the eyes of non-Natives, indigenous people are sharing history from their perspective. In Northeast Oklahoma, the Cherokee Nation has been building a significant cultural experience in and around Tahlequah, the Cherokee Nation headquarters. Sites like the Cherokee Heritage Center and the Cherokee National History Museum tell a story from the tribe’s point of view. Likewise, the Chickasaw Cultural Center in Sulpher includes interactive displays, reenactments, demonstrations, and an opportunity to connect and learn with Native American history. They also have one of the largest and most extensive tribal cultural centers in the United States. Historically, museums and books have told Native American stories from a traditional academic viewpoint. However, the hard work and dedication of Oklahoma’s tribal leaders have created a space where those stories are now being told by the tribes themselves. What’s more, this “first person” account of the Native

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experience is about to have an even larger presence in Oklahoma. The First Americans Museum in Oklahoma City will share the cultural diversity, history, and contributions of the First Americans in a way that hasn’t been seen before. Led by Director and CEO James Pepper Henry, the First Americans Museum has been more than 20 years in the making. Pepper Henry, Kaw Nation Vice Chairman and member of the Muscogee Creek Nation, began his journey with the project in the late 90s when he was working for the Smithsonian Institute’s National Museum of the American Indian. In fact, Pepper Henry’s road to the First Americans Museum seems to have been a purposeful path designed to bring the project to completion. What began with his work as an artist led him to art history, museum curation, and telling the story of indigenous people across the United States. Pepper Henry has spent a lifetime of learning about his culture and sharing that knowledge with others. The story of how James Pepper Henry got to the First Americans Museum is intertwined with the development of the museum itself. Although he grew up in Oregon, Pepper Henry returned to Oklahoma every summer with his family, including grandparents Gilbert and Floy Pepper, to attend tribal dances, especially for the Kaw side of his family. “I grew up in a house that was very connected to their cultural roots,” said Pepper Henry. “Every summer we came back, I had that cultural influence growing up.” His family was very creative and the arts played a significant role in exploring his heritage. His grandfather was from


HERITAGE Washunga, Oklahoma, and was a traditional dancer and singer. His mother and uncle were also quite talented, and his uncle, Jim Pepper, was a famous jazz musician with a place in the Oklahoma Jazz Hall of Fame. “When I got to college, I was very interested in visual arts and art history,” said Pepper Henry. “I studied both and art history took over.” Pepper Henry worked in a museum as a student in college, and once he graduated he became a curator. Pepper Henry’s journey led to the Kaw Nation/Kanza Museum. While working at Portland Art Museum as interim curator, the Kaw Nation received a Community Development Block Grant to build a small museum. At the time, Pepper Henry was the only person on the rolls that had museum experience. Excitedly, he returned to assist his tribe and was able to help establish the museum. In 1990, the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) was established. With this law, Congress sought to encourage a continuing dialogue between museums and indigenous peoples. The goal was to promote a greater understanding between the two groups, while at the same time recognizing the important function museums serve in society by preserving the past. Pepper Henry took an internship at the Smithsonian to learn about collections management and standards. The goal was to establish art collections for his tribe while navigating the newlyestablished NAGPRA laws. While there, he heard of a new project underway in Oklahoma to build the American Indian Cultural Center (AICC). With every step in his journey, Oklahoma was always connected. At the time, Wanda Stone was the chair of the Kaw Nation and on the advisory committee for this new Cultural Center.Stone would occasionally send Pepper Henry as her surrogate to those meetings, which gave him yet another connection to this Oklahoma project. While at the Smithsonian, Pepper Henry did a lot of research on the collections acquired from Oklahoma tribes. He worked his way up through the ranks and eventually became the Associate Director for Communications and Constituent Services for the National Museum of the American Indian (NMAI). Shortly after that, Oklahoma City was chosen as the site for the AICC.

“A lot of people outside of Oklahoma were very interested in the history and culture of the American West,” said Pepper Henry. “And no one was really selling the story of the Native peoples.” Oklahoma leaders thought this project would be a good way to bring more tourists to Oklahoma and tell a comprehensive story of the American West. The goal was to bring in tens of thousands of tourists to help the economy in the process.

JAMES PEPPER HENRY

In 2006, the ground was broken on the AICC. Pepper Henry was the current Associate Director of NMAI and was able to consult early planners and would also write a memorandum of understanding between the Smithsonian and the AICC. “The MOU was so we could have cross-programming and share collections,” said Pepper Henry. The Cultural Center, as it was at the time, wasn’t a collecting institution — but FAM is. Even 15 years ago, Pepper Henry’s signature was on the agreement on behalf of the Smithsonian. Today, that circle is made complete with his role as director, a purposeful and meaningful journey indeed. After his time at NMAI, Pepper Henry had roles with the Anchorage Museum, Heard Museum in Phoenix, and the Gilcrease Museum in Tulsa. Pepper Henry acknowledged several Native curators that guided him in his career. “When I came up through the museum field in the 1980s, there were very few Native curators,” said Pepper Henry. However, he acknowledged a few that had significant impacts on his career, serving as mentors throughout his life. George Horsecapture, member of the Gros Ventre tribe, was curator at the Buffalo Bill History Center in Cody, Wyoming. That museum was home of the Plains Indians collection and Pepper Henry looked up to Horsecapture. “He was a Native person working in the museum field. He and a few others really started the movement for museums to consider the perspective of Indigenous people with regard to Native collections.” This change in methodology advocated for indigenous people to have more authority over the content and how collections are managed. Another in the museum field, James Nason, was a professor and curator at the Burke Museum at the University of Washington. Nason was a member of the Comanche tribe and originally from Oklahoma. “Those two in particular were big influences because they were breaking barriers and new ground in the way of Indian cultures.” During his time at the Smithsonian NMAI, Pepper Henry was not only able to work with mentors like Horsecapture but also other Natives from Oklahoma. W. Richard West Jr., a citizen of the Cheyenne and Arapaho tribes, was the catalyst for change in museums around the world, especially those with indigenous or SEPTEMBER 2021 | bmonthly

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aboriginal collections. According to Pepper Henry, West pushed for indigenous people to have more authority and voice in the interpretation of those collections.

Smithsonian, and in Anchorage — all these various places over time — it felt like it was the right time to come aboard and bring those experiences, to bring the project to the finish line.”

“I would say museums weren’t friendly places for Natives to visit because the collections were things taken away from Native people. Reminders of what they had lost, given no access or authority to have any representation of these collections,” said Pepper Henry. “I was very fortunate to enter the museum field when there was significant change; museums seeing and recognizing the value Natives could bring to the table. There was a seismic shift with Rick West, and he affected change at the Smithsonian and across the museum field.”

“Governor Anoatubby is an incredible leader,” added Pepper Henry. “He’s hard to say no to, and the Chickasaw Nation is such great supporter of so many projects in Oklahoma. The Cherokee Nation has also been helping people, all people in the state of Oklahoma. Between these two and with the support of other tribes, I thought it was a good fit.”

In 2015, Pepper Henry became Executive Director of the Gilcrease Museum and returned to Oklahoma. By 2017, his contract was coming up with Gilcrease and the AICC project had stalled. Various circumstances contributed to the setback and state funding was pulled in 2012. While at Gilcrease, Pepper Henry knew J. Blake Wade, former executive director of the Oklahoma Historical Society. Wade was trying to get the project going again and introduced Pepper Henry to Governor Bill Anoatubby, of the Chickasaw Nation. He, along with other tribal leaders, were very passionate about the AICC project and seeing it come to fruition. “They asked me if I was willing to come on board and help,” said Pepper Henry. “My experience at the Heard, Gilcrease,

With that, Pepper Henry started with a small staff and established a private non-profit to raise funds, operate, and finish construction.

First Americans Museum - Building a Future Together "Bringing this decades-long dream to fruition is a testament to intergovernmental partnerships and perseverance,” said Anoatubby. “First Americans have always been an integral part of the history, development, and progress of Oklahoma. This dynamic new museum will feature the tribal voices, history, and culture of the 39 tribes who continue to play an active role in moving our state forward. This museum will also help provide a foundation of greater understanding among cultures, which will enable our children and grandchildren to build a brighter future together." FAM has that future in sight and the staff has been working toward the opening weekend of September 18 - 19. Pepper Henry said significant changes have been made to the original design from 1998. What was once a bank of payphones is now a water bottle-filling station. Even the approach to the visitor experience had changed over time. FAM made changes to the interior layout, which now includes a full service kitchen and restaurant, a museum store, more public programming spaces, and concentrated amenities to provide a top visitor experience. “We changed the exhibit layout and improved the tech, including touch screens, motion sensors, and exhibits where you can interact without even touching,” said Pepper Henry. “This didn’t

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HERITAGE

exist even six or seven years ago. We made all of these changes while staying within the budget.” FAM was also able to bring some collections back from the Smithsonian. In many cases, the museum knows the families the artifacts came from and they are able to reunite the families with these objects. They also have been working with award-winning Native Chef Loretta Barrett Oden on an entire menu with traditional recipes and foods of the 39 tribes. “Part of the experience of coming here is the food and culture,” said Pepper Henry. “In our museum store, we are sourcing native-owned companies and native artists.” The name was also a significant aspect of the changes that had taken place since the inception of the museum. AICC wasn't the catchiest of acronyms, and from a branding perspective, Pepper Henry didn’t think it was a good way to market who they were. They thought about the name a lot and since the majority of the staff is native, Pepper Henry spent a lot of time talking to them about what the name should be. “First of all, we’re not ‘Indians’ because we’re not from India. Someone else gave us that name,” said Pepper Henry. “We figured it’s time for us to not just have shared authority, but full authority over ourselves and what we’re called.” Natives no longer needed someone else to interpret for them. “We can have our own voice, we made a bold step to change our name to something more appropriate.” A generation of Natives used the term Indian, the next generation said American Indian, yet still, these names were not fully accurate. Generation X would say Native American which was closer, but could still be confusing for some. The staff of the museum thought it was time to move away from that. “What we really are,” said Pepper Henry, “is the first people of this continent. We

call this land the Americas, we are the first people of this land so why don’t we take full authority of this and be First Americans, because that’s who we are.” First Americans Museum was renamed and “cultural center” was dropped. Museums are naturally centers for culture and civic engagement. Of course, it also helps to have a fun acronym like FAM to incorporate into marketing efforts. A familiarization tour for group leaders or meeting planners is often called a “Fam.” For the First Americans Museum, Pepper Henry has thoroughly enjoyed hosting a few FAM “Fams.” Most importantly, Jim Pepper Henry is proud of the exhibits and what FAM is doing. With support from all 39 tribal nations and an all Native curatorial team, Pepper Henry said, “All of the exhibits are in our voices. Us and we, not them and they. It is very important to us to tell our stories in our first person voice.” “The First Americans Museum will be a world-class facility with a vital mission: Telling the story of indigenous peoples, authentically and accurately,” said Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation Chuck Hoskins, Jr. “It will be a place where everyone, native and non-natives, can celebrate the storied past of Indian Nations and Native peoples as well as our bright future. Cherokee Nation is proud of its role in support of FAM.” FAM Opening Weekend Ceremonies begin at 11 a.m. on September 18. There will be timed entries into the museum, so organizers suggest potential attendees should go online to purchase tickets in assigned time slots. The First Americans Museum is located at 659 First Americans Blvd., Oklahoma City, OK 73129. Email the museum at info@FAMok.org or call 405.594.2100. For more information go to www.famok.org, SEPTEMBER 2021 | bmonthly

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ONCE UPON A TIME

The 4 o’clock People Covington Park Couple’s Identity Remains a Mystery by Rita Thurman Barnes See the left rear fender of what appears to be a 1957 Chevy? See the reflection from a recent shower in the streets and the storm clouds pierced only by the old-fashioned water tower on which “ville” is the only part you can read? Well, this old post card isn’t a photo of Bartlesville, but it is a good representation of Main Street USA during the good old days. Remember those round turning knobs so many people, especially teenage boys, installed on the steering wheel of their cars? Remember riding “shotgun” and having Chinese fire drills? Remember when just about everyone had rubber floor mats in their cars? Nothing like the smell of rubber floor mats on a hot summer day when you’re driving around the block in your un-airconditioned car while trying to find a parking space. Nothing like it unless it was the sound of your rubber tires coming to a standstill on the old brick streets of Bartlesville. I can still hear it now. I think just about everyone these days has a passport. Well, I don’t have to cruise or fly very far to find something around me which I’m interested in. Example: we once lived in the newly developing area called Covington Park. There were vacant lots to build on as far as the eye could see and while we enjoyed the open space and the views in all directions, we were definitely looking forward to having neighbors. Okay. There is a point to this story and here it is. Did you ever see someone over and over and wonder who they were and what their story was, but you never got to meet them? Well, did you ever see two people in the same car almost every day for ages and wonder who they were? Hubby and I did after he retired. The whole time we lived in Covington Park, just about 4 in the afternoon every day, the same car drove by with an older couple in it. Hubby and I were always outside working in our front yard and

gardens, and we started noticing this handsome and happy-looking older couple in a red station wagon and they began to notice us as well. I don’t know who was the first to wave but we soon developed a literal wave-fest with them when we were outside at the right time. When I first penned this story many years ago, it was about 3:55 pm and I was getting ready to go outside on a beautiful September afternoon just so I wouldn’t miss out on waving at two older folks I didn’t even know but who I’ll always fondly recall as the “4 o’clock people” of Covington Park. Footnote: always wave when you get the chance. I’m so happy I did. But, I’ll always wonder who they were and whatever happened to them. God only knows and now hubby and I are the two older folks riding around looking at new homes being built for new families. We’re still waving, too.

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TRIBUTE

Gary Gibson The World of Gary Gibson ~ Shared and “Cet Phrē” by Debbie Neece Gary Gene Gibson, g3 to most of his friends, had a different way of looking at the world in which he invested his energy as an artistic entertainer. With a camera in hand and capturing art a constant on his creative mind, the “World of Gary” exploded not on an oil paint canvas but on a computer screen where he could share his talents through social media, advertising and print. Working at the History Museum has opened many opportunities and allowed me to meet some amazing people. Gary Gibson was a huge opportunity. I met him when he was working on a Woolaroc project, in search of a panoramic photo of a Frank Phillips’ Cow Thieves and Outlaws Reunion. He gave me the scanning specifications and said he would “stitch” the scanned sections himself. Photoshop has an excellent stitching application so I did the work myself. His doubts in my capabilities quickly turned to shocked belief and our friendship began. Some people have a small circle of friends. However, Gary never met a stranger and no matter where his earthly travels took him, his circle grew larger. Above all, he loved sharing his relationship with Jesus and the missionary work of Huldah Buntain. On a visit to Calcutta with Huldah and his wife, Nancy, he made friends on the street and, through his camera lens, captured images of faces and places in a story line that has drawn the attention of many who may never experience Calcutta themselves. From the 43rd book of the Bible came Gary’s favorite verses: John 8:32 “The Truth will make you free” from which he created his “Cet Phrē” blog and John 15:13 “No greater love” from which he created gorgeous jewelry available at McCoy’s Jewelry. Gary's heart was bigger than most. He loved deep and hurt deeper. His visits to Oklahoma City’s Murrah Building Memorial and New York City’s 9/11 Memorial were such hurts. But his visit to Auschwitz, Poland, was the most heart stopping, tear flowing, gut wrenching adventure of his lifetime. When he returned, he shared the experience through images on social media and verbally with every inter-

Gary Gibson and his wife, Nancy.

ested ear. His message was clear...“we cannot repeat this history.” When he heard about the Auschwitz exhibit at Union Station in Kansas City, he could not rest until he immersed himself in the experience. And he shared again. His daily goal was to spread smiles. Along his travels he took his friends Stretch, Hotdog Man the Lego character, Jelly Bean the sock monkey, and others...they were an extension of his comically entertaining side. When painful neuropathy consumed his days and nights, we shared “Carrot Rewards” as a distraction. When his bride of 51 years traveled with Huldah, the carrot reward was the countdown until Nancy came home. Carrots brought smiles and hope which have decorated my desk and the Gibson home. Now his camera, Jelly Bean, his Lego friends, and his Carrots are stored away with his collection of creative images and artwork. Heaven gained one of God's greatest servants and earth lost one of our greatest blessings…a painful loss felt throughout our community. All that remains are the memories of the orneriness we were blessed to experience from the World of Gary. In his words, “Stay sweet and Keep Breathing.” RIP Carrotman. Your friend, Carrotina!

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LOOKING BACK

Anna Anderson Dewey Woman Helped Keep Delaware Traditions Alive by Kay Little, Little History Adventures When Anna Anderson was asked if she came down on the Cherokee Run, her response was, “No, I was sitting here waiting on them when they got here.” Anna was a full-blooded Delaware, born in 1897 in Washington County. Her great great grandfather Anderson was chief at one time. She loved being raised by her maternal grandparents in the Dewey area. She attended Dewey Elementary until it burned, then Chilocco Indian School, then Haskell. Grandfather Brown filed allotments for himself and one for Anna. Frank and L.E. Phillips drilled many dry holes, and in 1905, they sunk all their remaining money in the well on eight-year-old Anna Anderson’s allotment. They struck oil this time, which made Anna the richest Indian girl in the area. Anna never really understood much about Phillips drilling for oil on her land until the word got out and people would gossip about it when they saw her in town. It caused her to be irritated and embarrassed. Because of all this, she had three guardians. She had to always let a guardian know where she was. This really annoyed her until she found out that rich Indians, especially children, were being kidnapped. When she went to town to shop for new clothes, the clerk had to take her to Frank’s bank office to get his approval. She was scared the whole time. She had no reason to be scared, because Frank never scolded her and always approved the purchases. To get away from everyone watching her and having to do what others told her to do, she married Conrad Davis. The young couple lived on her grandfather’s farm. Anna and Conrad had seven children; five boys and two girls. Conrad worked for Don Tyler and various oil companies. After Conrad died, Anna and the family moved to town, right in front of the old wooden fairgrounds grandstand in Dewey.

Anna Anderson with her grandparents.

Anna was a woman of many talents. Her son, Andy, remembers his mother singing all the time and playing the

piano. Anna was also an excellent seamstress. She made the boys red ribbon shirts to wear to the Dewey Round-Up. Andy kept that shirt for the rest of his life. In her younger years, she was a good horsewoman. She was also known for her cooking. Her family always had three balanced meals a day and she was involved in home demonstration clubs. The Delaware Powwow was dying because the tribal members were losing the language. In the 1970s, she helped with the renewal of the tribal traditions. She loved attending the powwows. She found herself almost forgetting the Delaware language because she had no one to talk to, and that concerned her. She knew she had to raise her children in a white man’s world, but she did not want them to forget their Delaware roots. Anna was known for making shawls and moccasins. In fact, she made a pair of moccasins for her children that had a row of black beads with one blue one. The kids thought she had goofed, but she told them she put it there on purpose to remind them no one is perfect. Anna was a strong Christian who never smoked or drank alcohol. Her faith is what helped her throughout her life, especially when a daughter died. Anna knew how to live in a white man’s world, while also keeping her Delaware traditions alive. SEPTEMBER 2021 | bmonthly

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TELL ME SOMETHING GOOD

Burnt Meat & Music Dewayne Bryan Using Meat & Music to Help Copan Teacher by Delaney Williams It’s not every day you meet someone with a heart as giving as Dewayne Bryan. For the past four years, he has been hosting a monthly gathering in Copan to bring happiness to the community. When he recently learned about the need in the life of an area family, he decided to step up to help. Megan Ursey has brain cancer. While she is fortunately in remission, she has to stay vigilant, and the costs for routine scans and follow-up visits can add up. “A friend of mine named Rich Heid, with Okie Records, told me about her story and I was like, ‘We can do something about that.’ I just came up with this idea.” Bryan decided to take the monthly community gathering and put it to work. The Burnt Meat and Music Gathering has been a staple in Copan for the last four years, breathing life and joy back into the small community. Bryan’s only motivation is the love he has for his hometown. “I finished high school in Copan in 1986, and I joined the navy in 2010 and became a Master Chief E9. I’ve always wanted to give back. I’ve been blessed so much in my life. When I got back to Copan it was just dead.” In addition to the regular monthly gathering, Bryan has organized Dad Walk 2021. On the morning of Thursday, September 23, he will start in Claremore and walk to Nowata. There he will stay the night, and then walk to Copan via Bartlesville the next day. He said that many have already pledged to sponsor him by the mile, but any donation amount is welcome and appreciated. Following his 55-mile trek, a special edition of the Burnt Meat and Music Gathering will take place that Saturday evening, September 25, at 6:30 p.m. at Dad’s Copan Garage. There will be a dinner of pulled pork, ribs, and chicken with sides. While he is not charging per plate, he asks that everyone donates what they feel led to. As normal, there will be live music. At this time Casey West will be headlining, but Bryan plans to announce more acts joining the

Kelly Pike and her husband, Joe, who is a cancer survivor. They are good friends of Dewayne, and Joe is someone who motivates him.

lineup on his Facebook group “Copan Community Coffee” in the coming weeks. Bryan plans to donate a portion of the proceeds from the event to the Copan Schools Special Education program, because Megan is a special education teacher. The rest of the funds raised will go directly to Megan to lighten the burden of her medical expenses. “I know there are various organizations and annual walks for cancer that this could be done for,” said Bryan. “I want anyone donating to know that I'm going to give all the money straight to this person and one other important group.” Anyone interested in donating money or supplies for the dinner can contact Bryan or send a donation through Venmo @Victor-Bryan-1, Cash App $DewayneBryan, or on Paypal paypal.me/bobbq. Dad’s Copan Garage is located at 117 N Caney St. in Copan, directly across from City Hall. To learn more about the event, to donate, or to arrange to volunteer you can contact Bryan at 918 740-3433 or bryan.services13@gmail.com.

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LOCAL LEGENDS

Grandma Patiacow

Remembering One of Washington County’s Legends by Delaney Williams Grandma Patiacow was a remarkable woman for so many reasons. Known as a friend to many, Patiacow was a kind woman. Those who loved her described her home as “always open to the less fortunate.” Many aspects of her story could stand alone and make her someone worth remembering, but adding up all the pieces of her life creates a picture of arguably one of the most fascinating figures in Washington County history. It was Patiacow’s famous ride from Texas to Kansas that first makes her story so intriguing. After the death of her first husband, Jim Wagon, Patiacow decided she wanted to join the Delaware back in Kansas before they moved to Indian Territory. She fled from Texas to Kansas by horseback with her young son, Joe Wagon, close behind her in the saddle. It was reported that she rode during the night and hid during the day so as to not attract attention from confederate soldiers. Her heroic ride was praised and talked about by many for years afterward.

PATIACOW FAMILY

Indian corn and enjoys hominy. She seldom drinks coffee, but drinks milk from her one cow.” The article continues, “There are chickens too, on Patiacow’s homestead, and she sometimes sells the eggs to neighbors.” Patiacow outlived her second husband “Big John” Sarcoxie as well, and spent the rest of her life living at her home near Circle Mound. She was often seen drivng her horse and buggy to the store. She produced maple syrup and sugar to sell, as well as beadwork and moccasins. Patiacow passed at the home of one of her granddaughters on March 11, 1929. Following services at First Baptist Church, she was laid to rest in White Rose Cemetery. There you can travel down “Patiacow Road,” named to honor one of the most tenacious women in the history of Washington County.

It is perhaps her age that is most intriguing. Grandma Patiacow was believed by some to be the oldest Native woman in Oklahoma at the time of her death, but pinning down her exact age is a bit tricky. Her headstone is engraved 1817 to 1924, which would make her 107 years old. This seems to be the most commonly cited age and lines up with the fact that she remembered the “great meteoric disturbance” of the 1830s. However, some sources say she was seven years old during the time of the Leonid Meteor showers of 1832, which would make her 92 at the time of her death. This lines up with her tribal enrollment certificate from October 1900 that lists her age at the time as 68. One newspaper article dated the month before her passing lists her age as 114. Some sources list her age as high as 126 or even 130 years old. While we cannot be certain of her age, we can know for sure that she was active all the way up to the end of her life. A newspaper article published during her life told why she believed she was so healthy at such an advanced age, “She mostly eats meats without salt. She makes her own bread out of

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Sippin’ Sweet New Business Offers Sweet Sips & Tasty Treats by Jody Bunch Sippin’ Sweet Company, located at ness owner. Her love for boba tea led 306 E. Don Tyler Avenue in Dewey, is a her to search for a profitable business delight to the senses! Located in the model in the food industry. She felt that former Heritage Theater, Sippin’ Sweet boba drinks alone might not be enough is the brainchild of Emily Wiswell and to garner the income she would need to Christian Branson. Upon entering the stay afloat. She quickly realized that a newly-redecorated dining area, you’ll menu that included food and bakery be greeted by walls covered with treats could be the very thing that brightly-colored artwork delivering would complete her recipe for success. inspirational and humorous messages. Emily knew it would take more than The smell of delicious baked goods and luck to begin a new business in such an savory light lunch items permeate the uncertain economic climate, so she put whimsical atmosphere. Behind the bar, her hopes in God’s hands. the well-trained staff waits, ready to Emily and Christian had been close introduce you to new and exciting food friends since their school days and and drink creations. You can begin your roommates for a time after high school. CHRISTIAN BRANSON AND EMILY WISWELL taste adventure with a variety of hot or As the years went by, they both cold tea drinks. If you’re feeling hungry became busy with family and jobs but remained in touch you can choose from a menu which includes: The Cluckin’ throughout that time. Neither one knew of the other’s desire to Chicken, a house-made chicken salad croissant sandwich; Everystart a business. Emily needed a baker and she knew Christian body Loves Ramen, a Ramen garnished with fresh ingredients; had built a name for herself, so she reached out. After months of or The 90s Kids Lunch box, their incredible charcuterie boxes. working diligently on a business plan and with the Small BusiTreat yourself to a variety of freshly-prepared sweets if you still ness Administration, they were blessed to find a private lender have room, or take some to go! and got busy renovating their new space and handpicking the Christian is a 37-year-old wife and mother of two who perfect team. attended Tri-County Tech and earned her LPN degree in 2006. Knowing they would need a second baker, they contacted She spent the next few years working for local doctors, in the Codi Smasal, with Cakes by Codi. Her attention to detail and preJPMC emergency department, and as a home health nurse. Brancise work were exactly what they were looking for. Codi brings son is probably best-known for her home bakery You Take the fresh, new ideas and a talent beyond compare. Kimberly McKay Cake, which she has been operating since 2008. Her cake decowill be joining as manager. She has seven years of management rating business started while she was working as a nurse, to help experience and will bring a wealth of knowledge and skill that will cover the cost of in vitro fertilization treatments. After the birth of allow Sippin’ Sweet Co. to offer the utmost customer service. her first child, the successful endeavor allowed her to stay at Michelle Munkirs is the jack of all trades and is more valuable home with her miracle baby while still earning an income. She than a team of 10. Her hard work, integrity, and tenacity are somewent out on a limb and left the nursing field to dedicate her life thing to admire, but nothing is as unforgettable as her joyful spirit. to raising and later homeschooling her son and daughter. Over Finally, Jody Bunch, Christian’s mother, will be joining the team to the years, the little cottage business flourished and began to outhelp bake all the wonderful goodies and bring a laugh to help grow her home kitchen. She began to daydream about moving to keep things light. Jody has helped Christian with her baking and a storefront one day. She felt God had laid this on her heart and has a talent for managing, organizing, and telling stories that are she began to pray for an opportunity. sure to amaze, awe, and often have you crying tears from laughEmily is a 38-year-old mother of three who graduated from ing so hard. Rogers State University in 2008. Soon after graduating, Emily The Sippin’ Sweet Co. family cannot wait to bring you the best began her career with Conoco Phillips/Phillips 66 Company in the boba in the ‘Ville, amazing treats that are sure to thrill, and Procurement Organization. During her time there, Emily engaged entrees that are certain to fill and brighten your day. Sippin’ Sweet with the company’s supplier diversity program and attended many will have a food truck along with its brick and mortar. Be sure to small business expos and events. She became an expert at navikeep an eye out for that. Ribbon cutting is scheduled for Septemgating and negotiating with suppliers. Her role sparked a desire ber 23, 2021 at 11 a.m. The grand opening is scheduled for to become a small business owner. In 2020, COVID impacted September 25, 2021. Come on out and be sure to mention you Emily’s life as it dod many others, when she was laid off from her heard about them in bmonthly for 5% off your first order! 13-year career. With a lot of extra time on her hands, she began to spend more and more time thinking about becoming a small busiSEPTEMBER 2021 | bmonthly

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ABC’S OF FAITH

A New You

It Really Is As Easy As ABC

by Keith McPhail

Over the last six weeks, God has been moving so strong and heavy in my heart to write these words...words that you may not know about or really don't understand. Through the days, weeks, and, honestly, the last few months, the enemy has been fighting us every step of the way. The enemy has been coming down hard on Christy and me to try and move us from me writing this story and telling you about our Rock...our Rock is...Jesus!  For the last four and half years, bmonthly magazine has become something we really didn't plan on or ever really wanted, but now it's become more than a magazine to us. It has become our love. More importantly, bmonthly has become our ministry to help the hopeless, the hurting, the broken, and the lost who believe there is no Hope. Through the years, the enemy continues to try to steal, kill, and destroy our friendship, our marriage, our family, and our love for one another. The enemy tries to stop us from sharing the story of Jesus every time I write a story about His miracles in my life and the mountains He has moved!  If you have read any of my life stories over the last four years, you know that I am very transparent and hold nothing back about my horrific childhood, my marriage, my family, my shame, and my battle with my cocaine addiction. Through all of that, we center our compass on God and His amazing Grace and Mercy that He has laid over me! This story is about one man’s unconditional love and the (His) ultimate sacrifice...His LIFE...the life of a 35-year old young man who was sinless, but bared all of man's sins...every sin you have committed is forgiven and He has and can make the old NEW. That is what the Mercy of God can do for you.  For us, it's about that “Just One”...that one person whose chains of their past won’t set them free; that one life who can’t take the pain anymore; that one who just today heard the devastating diagnosis; that one who has lost a child; that one person who suffers in the shame of their addiction and sees no way out; that one who was abused; that one who has lost all Hope; that one who is broken and has decided to give up...to quit. I am here to tell you about the Good News and to shout it out on the highest mountain! It is so in my heart to tell you about a man who walked this earth for 35 years and at the end was brutally crucified and hung

on a wooden cross for YOU!...for ME. He was beaten beyond recognition. He was flogged and His flesh ripped from His back, and He had 3-inch thorns on a make-believe crown that pierced through the skin of His head and into His skull. He was spat on, pierced with a spear, and stoned by the people He was about to lay down His life for. At the end, He was forced “to carry His own coffin” the CROSS! He dragged the cross on His blood-soaked back. He carried it for over a mile. What the world was about to witness was the power of His blood and God's promise for us. Heaven shook for three days as the enemy (Satan) and death were defeated.  Look this isn't a myth...it's not a mystery, a folklore...He is real! He's alive in me and He can be alive in you. Over the last three and a half years, I've written many stories about being lost in the darkest years of my life. I’ve written about the years of putting our marriage back together, losing our son Tyler, and my addiction to drugs. I was in those dark moments until His Mercy found me and brought me into His amazing light. During our first 14 months of marriage, we crawled through some of the darkest times, and we were clinging on for a miracle to happen. I truly believe today that this was His will and purpose in His journey for me. For all of the hurt and darkness over the years, we came through all of it for this moment right now...right here!  This is your chance to have a God who can move mountains, who can raise the dead, who can heal the sick, restore and make an all-new YOU! I pray right now that these words I write will assist one person in giving his or her heart and life to Jesus. It really is as easy as ABC... A- Admit and Accept that you are a sinner. In Romans 3:23, it says “for all have sinned and fall short…” B- Believe in Jesus Christ. We believe and confess that Jesus is Eternal Life, and we confess Him as our Lord. Christ is the Son of God and was raised from the dead for all of our sins! C- Confess Jesus is Lord. Romans 10:9...”If you confess with your mouth that “Jesus is Lord” and believe in your heart that God raised Him from the dead, you will be saved.” We must be willing to confess that Jesus is Lord of all, the son of God. Christy and I pray with all we have that if you don't know Jesus in your heart, you will pray this simple prayer of ABC and let Him make you new! God Bless, Keith

SEPTEMBER 2021 | bmonthly

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LET FREEDOM RING

September 11, 2001 Remembering the Day That Changed Our World by Jay Hastings Most who read this will remember where they were on Tuesday morning, September 11, 2001. It is hard to believe it has been 20 years since the terrorist attack on the United States. The day started out like normal with people going to work or school but, by the end of that day, our world would be changed forever. I, for instance, began my day in the Criminal Investigations Division of the Bartlesville Police Department. I had been a police officer for 13 years at that point and had recently been promoted to the rank of Detective. While starting my morning in the office that day, I recall someone saying a plane had just crashed into the World Trade Center in New York City. A few of us gathered around a small television in the office and, like many across the nation, began to watch as the tragic events unfolded. I remember there was some concern because a coworker had a daughter who was an airline flight attendant stationed in New York. We were quickly relieved to hear the daughter was okay and not on any scheduled flights that day. Being detectives, I remember discussing whether this could have been an intentional act and questioning why a commercial airliner would be flying that low. Watching it live on television, our questions were suddenly answered when we saw the second commercial airliner impact the second tower of the World Trade Center. From that point forward, things began to get serious as we all wondered what would happen next. Could there be other targets throughout the United States? Within forty minutes a third plane struct the Pentagon. By then, they were evacuating people from D.C. and downtown Manhattan. I remember watching as the Trade Center towers fell, and that it almost didn’t seem real. I could not watch anymore and at that point all of my focus turned to my family.

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At the time, my parents were spending their summers at their cabin in Colorado and would not be back home in Bartlesville until the first part of October. I remember the sudden urgency to call them and, on hearing their voices, knowing they were okay and understood what had happened. I felt the world changing minute by minute that morning. I remember later in the day as the kids got home from school how important it was that we were all together. There was a certain unfamiliar fear every American felt that day. It was a fear we had not felt before; a fear of being in our own country and not being safe from a foreign attack, and the fear of understanding how many people lost loved ones that day. The tragic stories began to come in that night as we all watched televised reports. In the days that followed, all flights were canceled and people scrambled to find ways to get home to loved ones. Yes, our world had changed and our freedom would somehow be different after that day. A feeling of terror for when and where it would happen again would take its toll on everyone. Instilling a sense of terror is in fact exactly what the enemy had wanted. Eventually, a sense of unity began to take shape and, in some way, brought us all together again as a nation. In that moment, it did not matter what your political affiliation, job status, or race were. We were all Americans, and as a nation we would not stand to be divided. Our borders would be tightened and our liberties to travel about the country would change as security measures were put into place; but, together, we sought to find freedom and security again. Times have certainly changed since that day 20 years ago but we should endeavor to stand united as a nation, for if we are divided, we will surely fall. Let Freedom Ring!


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