Issuu on Google+

LANDSCAPE PORTFOLIO Barnaby Baker


CONTENTS

1

Leeds City Park

2

Ponderosa Wallaby Exhibit

3

Aeolian Process

(pg5) (pg23)

(pg31)

4

Construction & Modelling

5

Sketch & Photography

(pg45)

(pg49)


This book includes landscape design works from studying at Leeds Metropolitan University and The Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology. Photography and sketching is compiled from personal and curricular studies of the Landscape.

Image: Hartz National Park, Tasmania 2012


4


Set in the heart of Leeds, this design was based at the site of the recently demolished Tetley Brewery. With planning setting out the new high speed train station and art gallery on the site, this park is set to produce a new centre to the city of Leeds.

1

LEEDS CITY PARK 5


CONCEPT

SITE

LOCATION: Tetley Brewery, Leeds, UK LAND: Currently used as car park, post industrial area of Leeds, flat area close to the river Aire.

6

Leeds is situated on the river Aire, an medium sized river that has been used to support the cities industry until the recent past. A tributary to the Aire is the Hol Beck, this beck runs through what used to be one of the main hubs of industry in the city, and to control it and utilise its power it was channelled into a narrow gully. The Hol Beck currently enters the Aire a stones throw from site. The concept intervention for this project is to divert the Beck into the Tetley site and allow it to become a wild river again before joining the Aire. Alongside the wild river, wild food and wild space will be distributed within the park.


DESIGN STATEMENT

VISION

Leeds City Park proposes to create a new green space and public hub for the centre of Leeds. The park proposes events space, youth activities area, parkland, wild spaces & expressive landscapes within the bends of the diverted Hol beck. The park will use existing bike routes and proposed pedestrian routes to create a hub to a network of green routes in Leeds. The park will provide urban food sources in the form of urban foraging & pastoral agriculture. The park will bring the Hol Beck into the open air before reaching the Aire. These features will transform the Tetley Brewery Site into an expressive landscape within Leeds.

The Hol Beck will be diverted into the park from the East flowing into wide meanders in a gravel channel, banked by mounds of wild vegetation. Water levels in the diversion will be kept constant by supplements from the River Aire.

7


SURVEY & ANALYSIS GREEN SPACES

8

S.W.O.C


SITE

Surrounding area is a mix of run down buildings and brand new modern structures.

Car park occupies the space where the brewery was demolished.

Leeds Liverpool Canal and the river Aire merge close to the site.

9


DESIGN DEVELOPMENT

WILD SPACE

Natural flow patterns of water and desire lines inspired the layout of the park. By looking at the flow patterns of water this encouraged a natural form to the Wild River.

10


USERS & FUNCTIONS

GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE

at iv

e

ic

es

n ee gr

ut ro

es tim ng ki e al ac W sp n ire ee e gr ac sp

A

Pr

bl

ke

Pu

Bi

IN

5M

IN

M 10

Extension of bike routes and development of pedestrianised routes could link the site to the rest of Leeds.

11


S

13

N TATIO

AA 12

4

14

B

8

5 2 11

15

ART

PLAY

9 1

3

D RESI

N

AR

LE

6

TAX

I

NIT Y

BB

AL

16

A

MU

COM

HS2

ENTI

7

10

RESI D

ENTI

MASTERPLAN

AL

1:2500

1

Central avenue linking HS2, the new art gallery & the Royal Armouries

2

Salem Youth Space

3

Tetley building newly utilised as contemporary art gallery

4

Grass moguls

5

Wild garden

6

Industry garden with coal floorscape

7

Carlsberg offices transformed into college or restaurant with food production gardens

8

Holbeck leaves the park and enters the River Aire

9

Hol Beck enters the site at the West, passing underneath the HS2

10

Mounds of wild vegetation bank the meanders of the Hol Beck

11

Cycle route 66 filters into the site from the tree lined riverside

12

New bridge providing access to Sovereign Street Square (new development)

13

Pedestrian roads from the park to the city lined with trees to create a network of green routes

14

Existing pub integrated into the park

15

Hol beck diverted and supplemented by water from the river aire

16

Traffic diverted from Crown Point Road to Black Bull Street to calm area


River Aire Open parkland

Hol Beck & wild mounds B

BB

East end section 1:1000

AA

A

West end section 1:1000

Grass moguls

Wild Garden

Central Avenue

Hol Beck

Aerial view looking west

Industry Garden

13


WILD RIVER

As the Hol Beck enters the site it will be filtered through a reed bed system to purify the water. Water will also be channelled in from the Aire to keep levels at a constant.

14

The new channel will have a shingle bed to purify the water further and create a naturalised look to the channel.

The becks meanders in the open parkland will be sided with gravel beaches on the inside and naturalised mounds on the outside.

A short level change where the channel meets the two gardens will allow the water to aerate as it falls over the drop.


WILD FOOD Urban agriculture in Leeds city park will provide foraging food sources for the local community & remove the need of petrol mowers.

THE FOOD GROWS WILD

Wild food sources will be grown in the Wild Garden in the park. A small flock of sheep and wild rabbits will maintain the grass lawns and provide pastoral & game food. Growing hops will maintain a link to the sites previous use as a brewery and produce opportunity for beer production. This scheme will help people reconnect with the source of their food.

15


23

24

DETAIL AREA : CENTRAL PLAZA SPACE

F

1:500

25

17

Gabion & grass amphitheatre creating events and open air gallery space

18

Cycle parking

19

Three tiered Corten and hops balcony

20

Hol Beck bridged by Corten grilles

21

Juglans regia shade area surrounding the art gallery

22

Central Market Avenue lined by multi stem Betula utilis jacquemontii & Alnus glutinosa

23

Cycle path and pedestrianised road lined with Corylus avellana

24

Grass moguls

FF

18

19

22

25

17

CC 21

C

26

20

16

Wild Garden

26

Industry garden


CENTRAL MARKET AVENUE

BALCONIES Climbers

0

lus mu s Hu pulu ’ lu eus r ‘Au

s tili a u tii tul on Be uem em’ St cq Ja ulti ‘M Juglans regia

Oversized globe lights

Balcony with climbers & roof planting

ris pte as yo Dr filix-m

Hol Beck

Art gallery/ Tetley building

a lej dd te Bu Whi ’ ii ‘ ion vid fus da Pro

jus hia ac ia im lar Lys mmu nu

Gabion amphitheatre & stepped grass bank

Roof Planting lis ita Dig urea n rp pu matia e’ it al ‘D Wh

ma

ris pte s yo ffini a

mi

Understory of Ammi majus and Dryopteris affinis will shadow these trees.

CC

C

Dr

Am

utilis Jacquemontii on opposite sides.

tis ma t Cle gran ’ n a ‘Fr bero O

Dividing the avenue are rows of Alnus glutinosa and Betula

tis ma r Cle inte ’ W ty a ‘ au yll Be ph uro

8m

a os tin glu ’ us tem Aln ulti S ‘M

This central avenue is divided into three alleys, with the middle one used for market space.

GRASS MOGULS

These landforms will be created with the spoils of groundworks on the park. Boardwalks will stretch over the undulating landscape.

Boardwalk precedent

This area will provide childrens play, small scale mountain biking, social seating and private spaces.

17


THE HOL BECK

(a)

As the beck splits into two channels at this (East) end of the site, the water becomes wider and shallower. A gravel bed helps purify the water and a limestone detail produces sound from the water passing over it. The stepped profile of the channel provides a path and seating, as well as greater capacity for storm water. Looking onto the Hol Beck, grass lawns and Wild Garden from Central Market Avenue (a) & Wild Garden (b) (b)

18


CONSTRUCTION DRAWINGS

1 TREE PIT SECTION 1:50 11 Alnus glutinosa ‘Multi stemmed’. 12 Alcorque 1 bench fixed with 10mm diameter bolts.

CC 7

9

13 Concrete footing for bench. 100mm deep, cast in situ on 50mm bed of compressed hardcore.

C 8

6

14 600mm deep root barrier on path side. Run along full length of path.

8.4m A

13.2m

750

6.3m

11

15 4 deep 250mm Strata soil structure cells at a full width and length of 3000mm.

6.8m

11

AA

2

A 20 10

8.2m

16

3 5

17

13

18

AA 19

14 15

1100

1100

12

1

21

4

16 Fill with top soil above Strata cells for remaining 600mm, at circle central to tree point with a diameter of 1750mm. 17 Lightly compress top of top soil and cover with 40mm of hoggin in rounded mound above path level as shown. 18 Back fill between root barrier and concrete path with hoggin or gravel. 19 Concrete path, see drawing group 2.

PLAN 1:200

7 Wild Garden

1 Lab 23 crossed bench

4 Ground level planting bed

2 Lab 23 Alcorque 1

5 Granite setts detail in path : 4m strips of paving at same angles becoming closer together from West to East

8 River channel : Pre-cast concrete units as marked

3 Lafarge ‘Snowcrete’

6 Grass lawn

9 See hol beck channel construction

10 See paving detail drawings

20 Turf with 150mm deep topsoil, see planting sheet. 21 Sub soil.

19


HOL BECK CHANNEL CONSTRUCTION The Hol Beck is contained in a wide precast concrete channel. To naturalise the beck a limestone a shingle bed captures sediment, helps clean the water and allows for small plant growth in the trapped deposits of the water.

B Drawings A and B illustrate one individual precast unit of this channel. Drawing C is a section drawing showing the unit in situ.

4 Precast concrete unit. Made with waterproof concrete and steel reinforcement. 5 Slab detail. Clear units show 80mm slabs. Dot hatch shows 30mm slabs filled with 20mm shingle.

6 Steel crane fixing points set into precast unit in construction. Ensure all 8 points are used to lift unit. Fixing points to be removed and filled in with matching colour and finish concrete after application.

4

B

5

PLAN :

SINGLE PRECAST UNIT & PAVING DETAIL : 1:50

6

3960mm

400mm 11 500mm 3

12

7 8

960mm

13

9 10

1

3000mm

2

C

CROSS SECTION OF UNIT IN SITU:

1:50

7 Precast concrete unit.

A

AXONAMETRIC : 1:20

Axonametric drawing showing one individual precast section of the river channel and the limestone slabs laid within the lowest level of the channel. The different heights of slabs in the base will hold shingle within the river bed. 20

1 Kilkenny Limestone slabs at two sizes, one tall and one short. Tall unit measures 80mm high, short unit measures 30mm high. Both units 115mm wide x 400 long. Lay all slabs with 10mm mortar bed and mortar joint no larger than 4.4mm. Lay 1st row alongside inside channel edge and work outwards. Lay slabs in pattern of one short one tall along the row to create uneven finish as shown above.

2 After laying slabs fill above low slabs with 20mm shingle to height of tall slabs (shown in drawings 3.b and 3.c). 3 Reinforced pre cast concrete channel.

10 Consolidated sub soil.

8 50mm deep sharp sand 11 Good quality top soil blinding. & sand mix at depth of 150mm. 9 Compressed hardcore 12 Good quality top soil at depth of 1500mm at depth of 450mm. below top ground level. Minimum depth of 13 Limestone slabs 200mm below concrete and gravel at opposite unit. heights.


PAVING DETAIL

PLAN : 1:20 22

21 Lab 23 crossed bench. 22 4080mm wide granite sett paving. 37 rows of 100mm cube sawn sided setts with fine picked top face. Colour Marshalls GRA903 or similar. Lay in grid pattern as shown with 10mm mortar joint and bed. Lay flush with top of concrete level. 23 Semi circle detail of no setts around tree.

4080mm 200mm

B

BB

25

24 White concrete path. Lafarge ‘Snowcrete’ or similar. Smooth floated finish.

24

25 Planting bed 2000mm wide with parallel sides. Fill level to top of concrete height with good quality top soil.

CROSS SECTION : 1:50

23

21

200mm

26 White concrete as described above. 28 Consolidated sub soil. 200mm deep & 250mm deep within 29 100mm Granite cube setts as 200m from edges. described above. Lay on 10mm mortar 27 200mm deep compressed hardcore bed.

30 100mm deep concrete slab, cast in situ. Smooth finished to allow even laying of setts above.

32 10mm expansion joint between concrete slabs. Fill with rubber strip and Mastic or similar

31 100mm deep compressed hardcore.

33 450mm deep good quality topsoil.

B

BB 32 26 27 28

29 30

33

31 3530mm

21


WILD GARDEN PLANTING PLANS

WILD GARDEN

FF

F

0 2m

1:200

BULBS & GROUNDCOVER

The Wild Garden is intended to be representation of nature, although these plants are not all native they will act in the manner of a native landscape. This area is designed to be left to grow wild. Paths will mown if becoming impassable (paths marked on groundcover plan), but except this and mulching, the garden will remain un-maintained to achieve a wild feel. The majority of this planting is edible or produces edible fruit, and other planting is beneficial to wildlife. Members of the public are encouraged to pick parts of some plants and pull some tubers, due to this some plants may need replacing when applicable.

22

KEY

LATIN NAME

SIZE & TYPE

QUANTITY

PLANT PER SQM

Alliaria petiolata

9cm Pot

1350

9

n/a

Allium ursinum

Bulb

1500

10

Plant bulbs in Autumn by throwing 10 per sq. meter in air and plant where they land at a depth of 10cm. Plant bulbs in Autumn by throwing 10 per sq. meter in air and plant where they land at a depth of 7.5cm.

Iris histrioides

Bulb

1500

10

Lamium purpureum

9cm Pot

2250

15

PLANTING & MAINTENANCE

n/a


Ca Ca Z Ca Z

Ca Ca

Le

Rf

Fv

Rp

Ht

Ts Ep

Ts

Cs

Rf

Ep

Ep

Rf

Ca

Ep

Rf

Po

Ts

M JD Lp

Lp

M GH

Ep

Aa

Rf

Ts

Aa

Aa

Aa Cs

Rp

Aa

Fv Rf

Aa Cs Fv Cs

Lp

Lp

M JD Fv

Lp

Lp

Rp

Hm Lp

Lp

Cs

Aa

Ht

Aa

Rf

Rf

Ht

Ep

Rp

Lp

M RS

Cs

Aa

Rf

Fv Cs Cs Rp Cs

Cs

Cs Cs

Cs

Cs

1:200

TREES, CLIMBERS & MUSHROOM LOGS 1:200

UNDERSTORY

TREES GENERAL PLANTING & MAINTENANCE INFORMATION

PLANT PER SQM

PLANTING & MAINTENANCE

Plant trees immediately upon arrival, if not possible store in frost free shaded area and keep well watered. Plant trees in centre of square hole at the same depth as the soil height in tree container. Mix bonemeal and compost with soil at bottom of hole. Plant vertically, but do not stake to allow tree to lean if this naturally occurs. Water in well upon planting and water weekly for first season. Remove dead and diseased branches whilst tree is dormant and lay on floor below tree to allow to rot down.

KEY

LATIN NAME

SIZE & TYPE

Aa

Angelica archangelica

10L Pot

138

3

Plant whilst dormant. Do not remove dead seedheads.

Cs

Cynara scolymus

10L Pot

31

2

Plant in March to April. Fertilize with compost mulch in April. Protect with straw around base of plant in Nov.

KEY

LATIN NAME

SIZE & TYPE

Ca

Corylus avellana ‘Multi Stem’

150L Container 3-5m Instant tree

QUANTITY

QUANTITY 4

Ep

Echinacea purpurea ‘Double- 5L Pot decker’

456

6

Plant whilst dormant. Do not remove dead seedheads.

Ca Z

Corylus avellana ‘Zellernus Multi Stem’

Fv

Foeniculum vulgare ‘Giant Bronze’

54

6

Plant whilst dormant. Do not remove dead seedheads

Hm

Hamamelis mollis

150L Container 3-4m Instant tree

1

M JD

Malus ‘John Downie’

250L Container 5-6m Instant tree

2

M RS

Malus x robusta ‘Red Sentinel’

1

M GH Malus x zumi ‘Golden Hornet’

1

Ht

Rf

Helianthus tuberosus

Rubus fruticosus ‘Thornless Evergreen’

5L Pot Tubers

10L Pot 60-80cm high

Rp

Rubus pentalobus ‘Emerald Carpet’

10L Pot 60-80cm wide

Ts

Tropaeolum speciosum

10l Pot

72

64

32 30

8

1.5

Plant Tubers March to April at depth of 10cm. Separate Tubers and replant in last week of August. Plant whilst dormant. Mulch with compost in May. Fertilize fortnightly with liquid feed June to August.

2

Plant in October. Prune only if plant dominates whole site.

3

Plant in Spring. Protect around base of plant in Nov with straw.

2

MUSHROOMS & CLIMBER Le

Lentinula edodes

Po

Pleurotus ostreatus

Lp

Lonicera periclymenum ‘Graham Thomas’

40cm approx. log with inset plugs

10 9

12L Pot 100-150cm high

9


2

PONDEROSA WALLABY EXHIBIT

This group project had a brief of creating a wallaby exhibit for childrens therapy zoo Ponderosa. This live project was presented to the Ponderosa community at consultation, design process and completion stages.

Image: Freycinet national park, Tasmania 2012

24


25


SITE

LOCATION: Ponderosa business park, Heckmondwicke, West Yorkshire LAND: Mostly flat site with a series of horseshoe shaped ditches. Surrounded by town and dales.

26

PROCESS

CONSULTATION

This community led group project had four main clients; Ponderosa owners, visitors and staff, and the community of wallabies that will be living in the design created. To cater for all of these user groups the design process involved consultation with staff, visitors and owners and extensive research into zoo design, animal behaviour and enrichment. My time spent in Australia brought information from the wallaby native habitat.

The main consultation day involved setting up a stand about the new proposed wallaby exhibit to attract visitors to talk. Children drew their dream animal exhibits, allowing engagement in what they and their parents wanted from the zoo. Zoo keepers were interviewed and observed on their tours and feeding and cleaning duties to find out what they needed to make the exhibit user friendly. A short film was made to document the day (Youtube search ‘Ponderosa vid’).


Design After consultation the group split and undertook individual designs to present to the clients. The client then chose elements they wanted from each. My personal design was based on the wallaby native habitat of Tasmania.

Sketch design idea.

27


28

Group design

Group MODEL

Final group design on exhibition sheet

Laser cut model with oak base


EXHIBITION VISUALS

EXHIBITION

Visuals show different fence types, allowing clear views in and out. Hazel coppice shown is planted to represent Australian Tea Tree scrub.

Group exhibition for client and media presentation

Presenting the work to the client.

(Photo sourced http://cagd.leedsmet. ac.uk/site/oldroy01/#/186889)

Shelter hut in walk through exhibit. Planting represents Australian coastal heath and scrubland.

29


30


3

AEOLIAN PROCESS

Aeolian Process is located in Altona Coastal Park in Port Phillip Bay, Victoria. This rural site in an urban location provided the canvas for a conceptual, process based project.

31


SITE

CONCEPT

DESIGN STATEMENT This project is titled Aeolian Process. It looks at the relationship between land and wind on site. It will also work with the natural succession of native plants. The project will do this through the construction of two different structures. The first is a set of uniform, triangular shaped objects, laid out in a 40m grid. They will be individually angled to align with the wind flow on site. The second (built at the same time) will be mounds running North-South across the grid pattern. These will be laterally curved in shape, in a way that represents the flow of wind. They will contrast against the angular form of the solid structures. The two components that will affect the site are wind and time. The wind will move and deposit sediment and soil particles around the site and structures. Over time this Aeolian deposition of soil will lead to it building up over the bare structures put on site.

LOCATION: Altona Coastal Park, Melbourne, Australia LAND: Flat grass & scrubland, immediately bordered by Port Phillip Bay, the Kororoit Creek and parkland.

32

This soil around the structures, whether before or after it builds up, will be claimed back by native plant species on site. These plants have been able to grow on this concrete slab due to the previous industry rubble left on top of it. This small amount of rubble has been just enough for small sediments in the wind to be caught, and dropped down into it. This sediment has then slowly built up, allowing these plants to colonise. This concept of gathering sediment was the first point of inspiration for this project.

The eventual result will be that the triangular structures will become fully immersed by the natural forces on site. They will become lumps of vegetation that hide the invisible shapes. The built soil mounds will last longer in their form, but will also become hidden by the natural growth of plants on site. This project aims to show how natural forces retake land and structure, showing its overall strength over time.


SAND & WATER EXPERIMENTS

SAND & WATER STUDIES

33


PROCESS TIME & shape

This process splits into three sections; time, land and wind. Time is represented in these timber pieces, as time goes on they will degrade, rot and disappear.

They are also the shape in this design. Their form comes directly from stitched models looking at pushing and pulling relationships of natural forces.

Growth of vegetation around the forms will be encouraged by sediment build up deposited by the wind.

Prototype modelling: The construction of the timber will lead to the shape and size ratio of these objects to stay the same as boards fall off or rot.

34


Bronze guild will contrast with the stormy skies over Port Phillip Bay and degrade in the salt air.

35


LAND (& form)

Land is created by the patterns of wind flow. Looking at patterns in the sand created by water showed how each flow line pushed the next and altered its

form. The same action is happening in the wind. To represent this wind, land forms are made with earth mounds in the shape of the wind .

Stitched model developed into plan.

36

Drawings above show the pushing and pulling of water flow. Stitched model shows the shape of the earth mounds on site.

The earth mounds will become coated in the natural vegetation on site. This includes rare plants that provide important habitat for wildlife, including the Altona Skipper Butterfly, which only exists in this small ecosystem.


WIND & flow

The wind and its flow are the main components that formed this intervention. By studying wind patterns on site and representing it in the same way as sand and water flow patterns, they layout of the timber objects and earth mounds was decided.

Constant high wind on site created the form of the trees above providing inspiration for the project.

37


PLAN

SECTIONS

Timber objects laid out in a grid form, with earth mounds flowing North to South. Intervention contained by existing circular path.

38

13 sections, across the line of each row of timber objects


TIME

SKETCH

Disappearance into the ground over time.

Impression of intervention at first stage of the process.

39


3D MODEL

40


41


42

NEW WIND

PLAN & WIND

Patterns of how wind will act when flowing from North at ground level.

Interaction of wind, earth mounds and timber objects.


DETAIL AREA WITH WIND

Interaction of wind, earth mounds and timber objects.

43


44


4

Construction & modelling

45


St. KILDA FORESHORE STUDY

46


These hand drawings and balsa model were made when doing a study of a 10x10m area of the St. Kilda foreshore in Melbourne.

47


48


5

SKETCH & PHOTOGRAPHY

49


Sketches

Robin Hoods Bay, 2011

Leeds, 2011

50

Leeds, 2011


Miroir d’eau, draining and filling Bordeaux, 2012

Bordeaux, 2012

51


PHOTOGRAPHY

norfolk, B+W film, 2011

52

Altona, Victoria 2012

Tasmania, 2012


Tasmania, 2012

Yorkshire, 2013

53


BARNABY BAKER LANDSCAPE DESIGN barnabywbaker@live.com 07879892613


BA Landscape Architecture Portfolio