LANDSCAPE PORTFOLIO Barnaby Baker
Leeds City Park
Ponderosa Wallaby Exhibit
Construction & Modelling
Sketch & Photography
This book includes landscape design works from studying at Leeds Metropolitan University and The Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology. Photography and sketching is compiled from personal and curricular studies of the Landscape.
Image: Hartz National Park, Tasmania 2012
Set in the heart of Leeds, this design was based at the site of the recently demolished Tetley Brewery. With planning setting out the new high speed train station and art gallery on the site, this park is set to produce a new centre to the city of Leeds.
LEEDS CITY PARK 5
LOCATION: Tetley Brewery, Leeds, UK LAND: Currently used as car park, post industrial area of Leeds, flat area close to the river Aire.
Leeds is situated on the river Aire, an medium sized river that has been used to support the cities industry until the recent past. A tributary to the Aire is the Hol Beck, this beck runs through what used to be one of the main hubs of industry in the city, and to control it and utilise its power it was channelled into a narrow gully. The Hol Beck currently enters the Aire a stones throw from site. The concept intervention for this project is to divert the Beck into the Tetley site and allow it to become a wild river again before joining the Aire. Alongside the wild river, wild food and wild space will be distributed within the park.
Leeds City Park proposes to create a new green space and public hub for the centre of Leeds. The park proposes events space, youth activities area, parkland, wild spaces & expressive landscapes within the bends of the diverted Hol beck. The park will use existing bike routes and proposed pedestrian routes to create a hub to a network of green routes in Leeds. The park will provide urban food sources in the form of urban foraging & pastoral agriculture. The park will bring the Hol Beck into the open air before reaching the Aire. These features will transform the Tetley Brewery Site into an expressive landscape within Leeds.
The Hol Beck will be diverted into the park from the East flowing into wide meanders in a gravel channel, banked by mounds of wild vegetation. Water levels in the diversion will be kept constant by supplements from the River Aire.
SURVEY & ANALYSIS GREEN SPACES
Surrounding area is a mix of run down buildings and brand new modern structures.
Car park occupies the space where the brewery was demolished.
Leeds Liverpool Canal and the river Aire merge close to the site.
Natural flow patterns of water and desire lines inspired the layout of the park. By looking at the flow patterns of water this encouraged a natural form to the Wild River.
USERS & FUNCTIONS
n ee gr
es tim ng ki e al ac W sp n ire ee e gr ac sp
Extension of bike routes and development of pedestrianised routes could link the site to the rest of Leeds.
5 2 11
Central avenue linking HS2, the new art gallery & the Royal Armouries
Salem Youth Space
Tetley building newly utilised as contemporary art gallery
Industry garden with coal floorscape
Carlsberg offices transformed into college or restaurant with food production gardens
Holbeck leaves the park and enters the River Aire
Hol Beck enters the site at the West, passing underneath the HS2
Mounds of wild vegetation bank the meanders of the Hol Beck
Cycle route 66 filters into the site from the tree lined riverside
New bridge providing access to Sovereign Street Square (new development)
Pedestrian roads from the park to the city lined with trees to create a network of green routes
Existing pub integrated into the park
Hol beck diverted and supplemented by water from the river aire
Traffic diverted from Crown Point Road to Black Bull Street to calm area
River Aire Open parkland
Hol Beck & wild mounds B
East end section 1:1000
West end section 1:1000
Aerial view looking west
As the Hol Beck enters the site it will be filtered through a reed bed system to purify the water. Water will also be channelled in from the Aire to keep levels at a constant.
The new channel will have a shingle bed to purify the water further and create a naturalised look to the channel.
The becks meanders in the open parkland will be sided with gravel beaches on the inside and naturalised mounds on the outside.
A short level change where the channel meets the two gardens will allow the water to aerate as it falls over the drop.
WILD FOOD Urban agriculture in Leeds city park will provide foraging food sources for the local community & remove the need of petrol mowers.
THE FOOD GROWS WILD
Wild food sources will be grown in the Wild Garden in the park. A small flock of sheep and wild rabbits will maintain the grass lawns and provide pastoral & game food. Growing hops will maintain a link to the sites previous use as a brewery and produce opportunity for beer production. This scheme will help people reconnect with the source of their food.
DETAIL AREA : CENTRAL PLAZA SPACE
Gabion & grass amphitheatre creating events and open air gallery space
Three tiered Corten and hops balcony
Hol Beck bridged by Corten grilles
Juglans regia shade area surrounding the art gallery
Central Market Avenue lined by multi stem Betula utilis jacquemontii & Alnus glutinosa
Cycle path and pedestrianised road lined with Corylus avellana
CENTRAL MARKET AVENUE
lus mu s Hu pulu ’ lu eus r ‘Au
s tili a u tii tul on Be uem em’ St cq Ja ulti ‘M Juglans regia
Oversized globe lights
Balcony with climbers & roof planting
ris pte as yo Dr filix-m
Art gallery/ Tetley building
a lej dd te Bu Whi ’ ii ‘ ion vid fus da Pro
jus hia ac ia im lar Lys mmu nu
Gabion amphitheatre & stepped grass bank
Roof Planting lis ita Dig urea n rp pu matia e’ it al ‘D Wh
ris pte s yo ffini a
Understory of Ammi majus and Dryopteris affinis will shadow these trees.
utilis Jacquemontii on opposite sides.
tis ma t Cle gran ’ n a ‘Fr bero O
Dividing the avenue are rows of Alnus glutinosa and Betula
tis ma r Cle inte ’ W ty a ‘ au yll Be ph uro
a os tin glu ’ us tem Aln ulti S ‘M
This central avenue is divided into three alleys, with the middle one used for market space.
These landforms will be created with the spoils of groundworks on the park. Boardwalks will stretch over the undulating landscape.
This area will provide childrens play, small scale mountain biking, social seating and private spaces.
THE HOL BECK
As the beck splits into two channels at this (East) end of the site, the water becomes wider and shallower. A gravel bed helps purify the water and a limestone detail produces sound from the water passing over it. The stepped profile of the channel provides a path and seating, as well as greater capacity for storm water. Looking onto the Hol Beck, grass lawns and Wild Garden from Central Market Avenue (a) & Wild Garden (b) (b)
1 TREE PIT SECTION 1:50 11 Alnus glutinosa ‘Multi stemmed’. 12 Alcorque 1 bench fixed with 10mm diameter bolts.
13 Concrete footing for bench. 100mm deep, cast in situ on 50mm bed of compressed hardcore.
14 600mm deep root barrier on path side. Run along full length of path.
15 4 deep 250mm Strata soil structure cells at a full width and length of 3000mm.
A 20 10
16 Fill with top soil above Strata cells for remaining 600mm, at circle central to tree point with a diameter of 1750mm. 17 Lightly compress top of top soil and cover with 40mm of hoggin in rounded mound above path level as shown. 18 Back fill between root barrier and concrete path with hoggin or gravel. 19 Concrete path, see drawing group 2.
7 Wild Garden
1 Lab 23 crossed bench
4 Ground level planting bed
2 Lab 23 Alcorque 1
5 Granite setts detail in path : 4m strips of paving at same angles becoming closer together from West to East
8 River channel : Pre-cast concrete units as marked
3 Lafarge ‘Snowcrete’
6 Grass lawn
9 See hol beck channel construction
10 See paving detail drawings
20 Turf with 150mm deep topsoil, see planting sheet. 21 Sub soil.
HOL BECK CHANNEL CONSTRUCTION The Hol Beck is contained in a wide precast concrete channel. To naturalise the beck a limestone a shingle bed captures sediment, helps clean the water and allows for small plant growth in the trapped deposits of the water.
B Drawings A and B illustrate one individual precast unit of this channel. Drawing C is a section drawing showing the unit in situ.
4 Precast concrete unit. Made with waterproof concrete and steel reinforcement. 5 Slab detail. Clear units show 80mm slabs. Dot hatch shows 30mm slabs filled with 20mm shingle.
6 Steel crane fixing points set into precast unit in construction. Ensure all 8 points are used to lift unit. Fixing points to be removed and filled in with matching colour and finish concrete after application.
SINGLE PRECAST UNIT & PAVING DETAIL : 1:50
400mm 11 500mm 3
CROSS SECTION OF UNIT IN SITU:
7 Precast concrete unit.
AXONAMETRIC : 1:20
Axonametric drawing showing one individual precast section of the river channel and the limestone slabs laid within the lowest level of the channel. The different heights of slabs in the base will hold shingle within the river bed. 20
1 Kilkenny Limestone slabs at two sizes, one tall and one short. Tall unit measures 80mm high, short unit measures 30mm high. Both units 115mm wide x 400 long. Lay all slabs with 10mm mortar bed and mortar joint no larger than 4.4mm. Lay 1st row alongside inside channel edge and work outwards. Lay slabs in pattern of one short one tall along the row to create uneven finish as shown above.
2 After laying slabs fill above low slabs with 20mm shingle to height of tall slabs (shown in drawings 3.b and 3.c). 3 Reinforced pre cast concrete channel.
10 Consolidated sub soil.
8 50mm deep sharp sand 11 Good quality top soil blinding. & sand mix at depth of 150mm. 9 Compressed hardcore 12 Good quality top soil at depth of 1500mm at depth of 450mm. below top ground level. Minimum depth of 13 Limestone slabs 200mm below concrete and gravel at opposite unit. heights.
PLAN : 1:20 22
21 Lab 23 crossed bench. 22 4080mm wide granite sett paving. 37 rows of 100mm cube sawn sided setts with fine picked top face. Colour Marshalls GRA903 or similar. Lay in grid pattern as shown with 10mm mortar joint and bed. Lay flush with top of concrete level. 23 Semi circle detail of no setts around tree.
24 White concrete path. Lafarge â€˜Snowcreteâ€™ or similar. Smooth floated finish.
25 Planting bed 2000mm wide with parallel sides. Fill level to top of concrete height with good quality top soil.
CROSS SECTION : 1:50
26 White concrete as described above. 28 Consolidated sub soil. 200mm deep & 250mm deep within 29 100mm Granite cube setts as 200m from edges. described above. Lay on 10mm mortar 27 200mm deep compressed hardcore bed.
30 100mm deep concrete slab, cast in situ. Smooth finished to allow even laying of setts above.
32 10mm expansion joint between concrete slabs. Fill with rubber strip and Mastic or similar
31 100mm deep compressed hardcore.
33 450mm deep good quality topsoil.
BB 32 26 27 28
WILD GARDEN PLANTING PLANS
BULBS & GROUNDCOVER
The Wild Garden is intended to be representation of nature, although these plants are not all native they will act in the manner of a native landscape. This area is designed to be left to grow wild. Paths will mown if becoming impassable (paths marked on groundcover plan), but except this and mulching, the garden will remain un-maintained to achieve a wild feel. The majority of this planting is edible or produces edible fruit, and other planting is beneficial to wildlife. Members of the public are encouraged to pick parts of some plants and pull some tubers, due to this some plants may need replacing when applicable.
SIZE & TYPE
PLANT PER SQM
Plant bulbs in Autumn by throwing 10 per sq. meter in air and plant where they land at a depth of 10cm. Plant bulbs in Autumn by throwing 10 per sq. meter in air and plant where they land at a depth of 7.5cm.
PLANTING & MAINTENANCE
Ca Ca Z Ca Z
M JD Lp
Aa Cs Fv Cs
M JD Fv
Fv Cs Cs Rp Cs
TREES, CLIMBERS & MUSHROOM LOGS 1:200
TREES GENERAL PLANTING & MAINTENANCE INFORMATION
PLANT PER SQM
PLANTING & MAINTENANCE
Plant trees immediately upon arrival, if not possible store in frost free shaded area and keep well watered. Plant trees in centre of square hole at the same depth as the soil height in tree container. Mix bonemeal and compost with soil at bottom of hole. Plant vertically, but do not stake to allow tree to lean if this naturally occurs. Water in well upon planting and water weekly for first season. Remove dead and diseased branches whilst tree is dormant and lay on floor below tree to allow to rot down.
SIZE & TYPE
Plant whilst dormant. Do not remove dead seedheads.
Plant in March to April. Fertilize with compost mulch in April. Protect with straw around base of plant in Nov.
SIZE & TYPE
Corylus avellana ‘Multi Stem’
150L Container 3-5m Instant tree
Echinacea purpurea ‘Double- 5L Pot decker’
Plant whilst dormant. Do not remove dead seedheads.
Corylus avellana ‘Zellernus Multi Stem’
Foeniculum vulgare ‘Giant Bronze’
Plant whilst dormant. Do not remove dead seedheads
150L Container 3-4m Instant tree
Malus ‘John Downie’
250L Container 5-6m Instant tree
Malus x robusta ‘Red Sentinel’
M GH Malus x zumi ‘Golden Hornet’
Rubus fruticosus ‘Thornless Evergreen’
5L Pot Tubers
10L Pot 60-80cm high
Rubus pentalobus ‘Emerald Carpet’
10L Pot 60-80cm wide
Plant Tubers March to April at depth of 10cm. Separate Tubers and replant in last week of August. Plant whilst dormant. Mulch with compost in May. Fertilize fortnightly with liquid feed June to August.
Plant in October. Prune only if plant dominates whole site.
Plant in Spring. Protect around base of plant in Nov with straw.
MUSHROOMS & CLIMBER Le
Lonicera periclymenum ‘Graham Thomas’
40cm approx. log with inset plugs
12L Pot 100-150cm high
PONDEROSA WALLABY EXHIBIT
This group project had a brief of creating a wallaby exhibit for childrens therapy zoo Ponderosa. This live project was presented to the Ponderosa community at consultation, design process and completion stages.
Image: Freycinet national park, Tasmania 2012
LOCATION: Ponderosa business park, Heckmondwicke, West Yorkshire LAND: Mostly flat site with a series of horseshoe shaped ditches. Surrounded by town and dales.
This community led group project had four main clients; Ponderosa owners, visitors and staff, and the community of wallabies that will be living in the design created. To cater for all of these user groups the design process involved consultation with staff, visitors and owners and extensive research into zoo design, animal behaviour and enrichment. My time spent in Australia brought information from the wallaby native habitat.
The main consultation day involved setting up a stand about the new proposed wallaby exhibit to attract visitors to talk. Children drew their dream animal exhibits, allowing engagement in what they and their parents wanted from the zoo. Zoo keepers were interviewed and observed on their tours and feeding and cleaning duties to find out what they needed to make the exhibit user friendly. A short film was made to document the day (Youtube search â€˜Ponderosa vidâ€™).
Design After consultation the group split and undertook individual designs to present to the clients. The client then chose elements they wanted from each. My personal design was based on the wallaby native habitat of Tasmania.
Sketch design idea.
Final group design on exhibition sheet
Laser cut model with oak base
Visuals show different fence types, allowing clear views in and out. Hazel coppice shown is planted to represent Australian Tea Tree scrub.
Group exhibition for client and media presentation
Presenting the work to the client.
(Photo sourced http://cagd.leedsmet. ac.uk/site/oldroy01/#/186889)
Shelter hut in walk through exhibit. Planting represents Australian coastal heath and scrubland.
Aeolian Process is located in Altona Coastal Park in Port Phillip Bay, Victoria. This rural site in an urban location provided the canvas for a conceptual, process based project.
DESIGN STATEMENT This project is titled Aeolian Process. It looks at the relationship between land and wind on site. It will also work with the natural succession of native plants. The project will do this through the construction of two different structures. The first is a set of uniform, triangular shaped objects, laid out in a 40m grid. They will be individually angled to align with the wind flow on site. The second (built at the same time) will be mounds running North-South across the grid pattern. These will be laterally curved in shape, in a way that represents the flow of wind. They will contrast against the angular form of the solid structures. The two components that will affect the site are wind and time. The wind will move and deposit sediment and soil particles around the site and structures. Over time this Aeolian deposition of soil will lead to it building up over the bare structures put on site.
LOCATION: Altona Coastal Park, Melbourne, Australia LAND: Flat grass & scrubland, immediately bordered by Port Phillip Bay, the Kororoit Creek and parkland.
This soil around the structures, whether before or after it builds up, will be claimed back by native plant species on site. These plants have been able to grow on this concrete slab due to the previous industry rubble left on top of it. This small amount of rubble has been just enough for small sediments in the wind to be caught, and dropped down into it. This sediment has then slowly built up, allowing these plants to colonise. This concept of gathering sediment was the first point of inspiration for this project.
The eventual result will be that the triangular structures will become fully immersed by the natural forces on site. They will become lumps of vegetation that hide the invisible shapes. The built soil mounds will last longer in their form, but will also become hidden by the natural growth of plants on site. This project aims to show how natural forces retake land and structure, showing its overall strength over time.
SAND & WATER EXPERIMENTS
SAND & WATER STUDIES
PROCESS TIME & shape
This process splits into three sections; time, land and wind. Time is represented in these timber pieces, as time goes on they will degrade, rot and disappear.
They are also the shape in this design. Their form comes directly from stitched models looking at pushing and pulling relationships of natural forces.
Growth of vegetation around the forms will be encouraged by sediment build up deposited by the wind.
Prototype modelling: The construction of the timber will lead to the shape and size ratio of these objects to stay the same as boards fall off or rot.
Bronze guild will contrast with the stormy skies over Port Phillip Bay and degrade in the salt air.
LAND (& form)
Land is created by the patterns of wind flow. Looking at patterns in the sand created by water showed how each flow line pushed the next and altered its
form. The same action is happening in the wind. To represent this wind, land forms are made with earth mounds in the shape of the wind .
Stitched model developed into plan.
Drawings above show the pushing and pulling of water flow. Stitched model shows the shape of the earth mounds on site.
The earth mounds will become coated in the natural vegetation on site. This includes rare plants that provide important habitat for wildlife, including the Altona Skipper Butterfly, which only exists in this small ecosystem.
WIND & flow
The wind and its flow are the main components that formed this intervention. By studying wind patterns on site and representing it in the same way as sand and water flow patterns, they layout of the timber objects and earth mounds was decided.
Constant high wind on site created the form of the trees above providing inspiration for the project.
Timber objects laid out in a grid form, with earth mounds flowing North to South. Intervention contained by existing circular path.
13 sections, across the line of each row of timber objects
Disappearance into the ground over time.
Impression of intervention at first stage of the process.
PLAN & WIND
Patterns of how wind will act when flowing from North at ground level.
Interaction of wind, earth mounds and timber objects.
DETAIL AREA WITH WIND
Interaction of wind, earth mounds and timber objects.
Construction & modelling
St. KILDA FORESHORE STUDY
These hand drawings and balsa model were made when doing a study of a 10x10m area of the St. Kilda foreshore in Melbourne.
SKETCH & PHOTOGRAPHY
Robin Hoods Bay, 2011
Miroir dâ€™eau, draining and filling Bordeaux, 2012
norfolk, B+W film, 2011
Altona, Victoria 2012
BARNABY BAKER LANDSCAPE DESIGN firstname.lastname@example.org 07879892613