The Dayton Jewish Observer, April 2015

Page 1

JFS to refocus on client needs p. 6 April 2015 Nisan/Iyar 5775 Vol. 19, No. 8

Published by the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton

The Miami Valley’s Jewish Monthly • Online at



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Daytonian Sam Heider

David Gregory’s journey in faith

JCC Film Fest opens


The Jewish Cardinal


Friendship Village Retirement Community

Happy Passover

From the residents & staff of Friendship Village

You’re Invited To our next monthly Friday Night Shabbat featuring a traditional Shabbat dinner with all your favorites Program led by Joe Bettman

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Join our Diabetic Support Group Tuesday, April 14, 10:30 a.m. & 6 p.m. (2nd Tuesday each mo.) with Gem City Home Care Certified Diabetes Educator Mara Lamb. Friendship Village For more information call Pam Hall, 837-5581 ext. 1269.

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5790 Denlinger Road, Dayton, OH 45426 • PAGE 2

“Today, I-LEAD provides an engaging By Masada Siegel environment where thought-provoking Special To The Observer Molly Rosen’s first taste of anti-Zion- conversation, advocacy training and ism and antisemitism on campus turned education regarding the state of Israel can take place,” she says. “I could not her into an activist. stand idly by while my campus was In 2012, she was a newly-elected infected with hate and student government representative biased information.” at the University of Michigan. At a The Jewish Federastudent government meeting, an Ann tion of Greater Dayton Arbor resident said, “Anyone wearwill bring Molly to ing the Israeli army uniform is a Ku town for two programs Klux Klansman who does not deserve on May 3: a lunch and any place at the table in polite society discussion about Israel because they are racist killers trying advocacy for teenagto break the back of Palestine, and ers, and to talk about they have succeeded.” her experiences on Molly says she felt confused, angry, campus as part of the and frustrated. “I was not prepared Molly Rosen Federation’s Presidents to be told that if I cared about human Dinner fund-raiser that evening. rights, I could not support Israel.” When anti-Israel activists attempted The Los Angeles native was pro-Israel to push a Boycott, Divestment and Sancand felt that what this person said was tions (BDS) agenda at the university, not grounded in facts. I-LEAD responded with an Invest in “But I couldn’t find the words to express my frustrations and defend (the Peace campaign. “From divestment to anti-Israel Jewish) state,” she says. “My lack of protests to mock evictions and more, factual knowledge was frightening. If I the journey wasn’t easy,” she explains. wasn’t going to defend Israel in central “I felt proud that instead of yelling and student government, who would?” screaming at those who did She enrolled in Arabnot share our ideologies, we Israeli political science and ‘I was not insisted on building bridges history courses to make prepared to with others and behaving in sense of the political turan honorable fashion.” moil that grips the Middle be told that if A lesson she passes on East; the more she learned, I cared about to Jewish college students the more she wanted to human rights, is that advocacy requires know. “awareness, determination, Soon, she realized that I could not education, passion, and learning the facts, meeting with experts, and even at- support Israel.’ optimism.” Molly would become tending national advocacy vice-speaker of the student government conferences wasn’t enough. before she graduated in 2014; her activ“I needed a support system of stuism inspired her to pursue a dual degree dents on campus who shared my concerns, beliefs and frustrations,” she says. in political science and Judaic studies. She’s now a paralegal specialist with With four friends, Molly created a dithe U.S. Attorney’s Office of the Southalogue-centered Israel advocacy group on campus, the Israel Leadership Educa- ern District of New York. “I want to empower current students tion Advocacy Dialogue (I-LEAD). to stand up for the state of Israel,” she Professionals with Hillel, Camera, says, “and thank those who gave us the and StandWithUs helped provide Istrength to keep fighting for what we LEAD with advice and the resources to meet hate with facts and civil discourse. believed in.” Molly Rosen will lead an Israel advocacy program for teenagers on Sunday, May 3 at 12:30 p.m. at the Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. The free program, sponsored by the Jewish Federation, includes a kosher lunch. R.S.V.P. by April 27 to Caryl Segalewitz, at 610-1555 or


Volunteer opportunities available — call Bridgett at ext. 1299 for details.

937-837-5581 Ext 1269

Campus pro-Israel activist on what she’s learned

Rosen will also talk briefly about her experiences with BDS on campus at the Jewish Federation’s Presidents Dinner on Sunday, May 3 at 6 p.m. at the Dayton Art Institute (see story on Page Three).

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Ar ts & Culture.......................... 38

Leshon Ima......................................34

Calendar of Events....................24


Family Education.........................37

Obituaries............................. 35



Kve l l i n g Co r n e r. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 8

Wo r l d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • APRIL 2015


David Gregory opens Federation campaign May 3 By Marshall Weiss The Observer Former NBC news correspondent and Meet the Press moderator David Gregory says his wife — a Protestant — challenged him to dig deeper into his Jewish background. “I’ve been studying with a group of scholars for almost a decade now,” says Gregory, who was raised by a Catholic mother and a Jewish father. He identifies as Jewish and is a member of Temple Micah, a Reform congregation in Washington, D.C. Gregory’s explorations into Judaism have led him to write a book, How’s Your Faith: An Unlikely Spiritual Journey, which will be published in September. He’ll talk about his pursuit of a spiritual life within Judaism, along with his experiences in broadcast journalism when he delivers the keynote address at the Jewish Federation’s Presidents Dinner on May 3 at the Dayton Art Institute. “I’m thinking about what’s next for me in terms of some media opportunities that I’m pursuing,” says Gregory, who served as host of Meet The Press from 2008 until last year, when NBC let him go in the face of falling ratings. “But this has been a really meaningful project for me.” The title of the book comes from a question President George W. Bush posed to him

own rabbi in Washington, with Jewish ethicist Erica Brown, Pastor Joel Osteen of Houston’s Lakewood Church, the late New York Cardinal John O’Connor, and evangelical theologian Russell D. Moore. “I’ve tried to really move across the landscape, to learn from other faith leaders,” he says. He describes the book as a faith journal about what he’s learned from other people and religions, about how to seek a closer relationship with God, how to live a more spiritual life. Gregory says he doesn’t see much discussion of faith in mainstream media, which he describes as “a lot more secuDavid Gregory lar.” “It’s something that’s important to a lot of people,” he when he learned Gregory had says. “I’d like to see faith and begun studying Judaism. spirituality discussed in public Gregory was with Bush on life and even in politics without 9/11 and accompanied the it being kind of in president on his first visit to Ground Zero ‘I’d really like the realm of social days after the attacks. to understand policy or kind of a ‘gotcha’ game. “We had several I’d really like to conversations about how public understand how faith,” Gregory says figures, public figures, poof Bush. “I interpolitical litical figures, think viewed him about his own faith, I told him figures, think about faith: what it means to their about my studies. I about faith’ lives and how they appreciated his intertry to bring it into est because it was a topic I was interested in discov- their public service.” When asked if Judaism has ering.” informed his work as a journalGregory says he’s studied faith with teachers including his ist, Gregory says Judaism and some of the universal lessons David Gregory is the keynote speaker for the Jewish Federation of faith help him think about Presidents Dinner annual campaign kickoff on Sunday, May 3, forgiveness and being a bet5 p.m. at the Dayton Art Institute. The cost is $36 for adults age ter person. He connects these 30 and under, $54 for adults above age 30, with additional giving values to “trying to stand up to levels available. R.S.V.P. to Alisa Thomas, 610-1555.

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From the editor’s desk

In 2008, we presented a story about a 4-year-old girl, Brooklyn Van Skoyck, who suffered from Canavan disease, a rare, debilitating brain disorder due to a defective inherited gene. Few with Canavan live Marshall beyond their first decade. Canavan Weiss is more commonly found in people of Ashkenazi (Eastern European) Jewish descent. Brooklyn’s parents never considered genetic counseling before pregnancy; only one of Brooklyn’s grandparents is Jewish. The article about Brooklyn was picked up by Jewish newspapers across the country. The message: if one partner in a couple has any known Jewish lineage, that partner should be screened for genetic disorders most commonly found in Ashkenazi Jews. Brooklyn died on March 7 at the age of 11, a testimony to her family’s loving care. May Brooklyn’s memory always be for a blessing. Note: As of press time, Israel was holding its elections. Look for in-depth analyses of election results in our next issue.

some of the toxicity in the business I’ve been in.” The Presidents Dinner will kick off the Jewish Federation’s 2015 annual campaign, which for decades, opened in the fall. Federation staff and layleaders have restructured the campaign — which helps meet the needs of Jews in Dayton, Israel, and worldwide — to open in the spring. An active campaign period, 100 Days of Tikkun Olam (repairing the world), will follow the kickoff, culminating in the campaign’s completion in August with an outdoor concert celebration. Presidents Dinner attendees will be asked to make their pledges to the Federation’s 2015 annual campaign. As Gregory has learned more

about Judaism, he says he’s become even more aware of Judaism’s emphasis on the collective, about the community as a whole. “There is such a deep, spiritual life within Judaism and within our sacred texts,” he says. “I think as a people, we’ve gotten away from speaking about our spiritual lives individually and from seeking a relationship with God.” The language of God and spirituality, he says, seems foreign to Jews. “And yet, it’s so deeply embedded in our sacred text. And so I think discovering that — for me — was a beautiful thing, because it helped me deepen my faith and deepen not just the knowledge of Judaism, but a real spiritual practice.”

Join Us! In honor of Israeli Independence Day, Join us for a song and dance performance by

The Partnership2Gether With Israel Group Wednesday, April 22nd at 1:00 p.m. in the Oakwood Room Sponsored by The Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton’s Community Relations Council

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Beth Abraham Synagogue will honor seven women for their efforts on behalf of the Jewish and general communities when it holds its fifth Women of Valor luncheon, on Wednesday, May 6 at 11:30 a.m. This year’s Women of Valor honorees are Maryann Bernstein, Connie Blum, Carol Finley, Irene Fishbein, Shelley Goldenberg, Rochelle Goldstein, and Sandy Zipperstein. Attendees are asked to bring new, adult-size socks for donation to Life Essentials, a Dayton non-profit that provides services to enhance the well-being of vulnerable adults. The luncheon, a fund-raiser for the Beth Abraham Synagogue Sisterhood, is open to the community. For reservations, call 293-9520 by April 24.

Israel Independence Day celebration At The Miami Valley School— Dayton’s only independent day school—we stand for personal excellence, experiential learning, intellectual curiosity, leadership development, individuality, and community. As a parent, if you stand for the same, we invite you to learn more by attending our next

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Jewish Federation’s Community Relations Council and Partnership2Gether with Israel project will present a community Yom Ha’atzmaut celebration on the evening of Thursday, April 23 at the Boonshoft Center for Jewish Culture and Education in Centerville. Beginning at 5:30 p.m. area synagogues and Jewish community organizations will present arts and crafts for children, with kosher food available for purchase from caterer Greg File. At 7 p.m., local guitarist Irv Moscowitz and his band will

play Israeli music, followed by a singing group from the Western Galilee, Dayton’s Partnership2Gether region in Israel. Participants will also have the opportunity to help create a tile for a mosaic project of the Partnership. The mosaic, conceived by Joani Rothenberg and Yael Buxbaum, will be placed in a new wing at Western Galilee Hospital in Nahariya that will serve the needs of women. The mosaic will feature scenes of fertility, representing all cultures. For more information, call Jodi Phares at 610-1555.

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Observer Advisor Martin Gottlieb Published by the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton Judy Abromowitz President David Pierce President Elect Melinda Doner Vice Pres. Mary Rita Weissman Vice Pres. Bruce Feldman Vice Pres. Cathy Gardner CEO The Dayton Jewish Observer, Vol. 19, No. 8. The Dayton Jewish Observer is published monthly by the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton, a nonprofit corporation, 525 Versailles Dr., Dayton, OH 45459. Views expressed by guest columnists, in readers’ letters and in reprinted opinion pieces do not necessarily reflect the opinion of The Dayton Jewish Observer, The Dayton Jewish Observer Policy Committee, the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton or the underwriters of any columns. Acceptance of advertising neither endorses advertisers nor guarantees kashrut. The Dayton Jewish Observer Mission Statement To support, strengthen and champion the Dayton Jewish community by providing a forum and resource for Jewish community interests. Goals • To encourage affiliation, involvement and communication. • To provide announcements, news, opinions and analysis of local, national and international activities and issues affecting Jews and the Jewish community. • To build community across institutional, organizational and denominational lines. • To advance causes important to the strength of our Jewish community including support of Federation departments, United Jewish Campaign, synagogue affiliation, Jewish education and participation in Jewish and general community affairs. • To provide an historic record of Dayton Jewish life.

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Lady Luck...Dr. Michele Dritz rakes in the chips at the JCC’s Night in Vegas fund-raiser, Feb. 28 at the Boonshoft CJCE

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Retirement dinner for Rabbi Sofian

Temple Israel will host a dinner to honor Rabbi David Sofian on Sunday, April 19 at 6 p.m. Sofian will retire in June after 15 years as the congregation’s senior rabbi. The cost is Rabbi David Sofian $50. R.S.V.P. by April 6 online at tidayton. org or call the temple office at 496-0050.

Yom Hashoah Observance The Dayton Area Yom Hashoah Observance: A Day of Remembrance for the Victims of the Holocaust, will be held on Sunday, April 12 at 4 p.m. at Beth Abraham Synagogue. John Koenigsberg, a survivor who lives in Columbus, will share his story as part of the program, which will also honor the student winners of the annual Max May and Lydia May Memorial Holocaust Art and Writing Contest. Works from the art contest will be on display beginning at 3 p.m. The observance is sponsored by the Yom Hashoah Committee, a project of the Jewish Federation’s Jewish Community Relations Council and the Holocaust Committee. The chair of the observance is Felix Weil. For more information, call Jodi Phares at the Jewish Federation, at 610-1555.


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JFS aims to tighten, refocus on serving client needs Transportation By Marshall Weiss Because of the transportation The Observer and nutrition grants from the Spurred by financial losses, Dayton’s Jewish Family Servic- county and United Way, Gardes will eliminate programs and ner said, JFS ended up expandservices that duplicate those of- ing those services way beyond fered in the general community, the Jewish community. “For instance, transportation to focus on projects JFS clients in the past five years doubled,” can receive nowhere else. she said. “And the reason it This will mean closing its doubled is that people said we congregate meal site at Covhave the nicest drivers. But the enant Manor in Trotwood and other reason is that we are the its food pantry at that site in least expensive.” favor of collecting Once current grant items for the Dayton funding expires in Food Bank, providJune, JFS will only offer ing home-delivered transportation services meals and delivery of to those signed up for pantry items only to JFS care management clients who require services. kosher food, and of“We will make sure fering transportation services only to those Jewish Federation that those in the Jewish who formally sign on CEO Cathy Gardner community will have immediate access to as clients of JFS. According to Jewish Federa- care management services,” Gardner said, “but it’s not a tion of Greater Dayton CEO service exclusively for Jewish Cathy Gardner, the changes people.” — part of a broad JFS strateShe added that JFS will gic planning process — will consider increasing the price for be in place no later than June transportation. 30, when JFS grants from the “We have to analyze what’s United Way and Montgomery reasonable. The most imporCounty expire. tant thing is that whatever we JFS operates under the ausincrease it to, nobody who is pices of the Federation. under our care management “It became apparent that we will be denied because of inabilare not serving our constituenity to pay. We will continue to cy in the best way financially,” get clients to their most critical Gardner said. transportation activities.” “The best example is to look JFS provides 300 one-way at our transportation services to rides each month. With the new see what we get paid by either system, Gardner anticipated a grant or an individual. It’s been $3 one way. When we add rides will go down by half. in rentals of the vehicles, insurKosher food ance, fuel, costs of the drivers, Only five JFS clients currently schedulers, grant writing and require home-delivered kosher monitoring, it actually costs us food, Gardner said. $36 one way.” Rather than operate a food In 2014, transportation and pantry for a vast majority of meal costs added up to approximately $85,000 of the total clients who don’t need kosher food, JFS will provide kosher JFS budget of $489,165. food staples along with home“We serve kosher meals through a grant,” Gardner said. delivered kosher meals to its clients who require it. “We receive the grant because “If a JFS client’s care managewe are the only kosher-meal ment plan indicates he or she provider in the county, but we needs kosher food, they’ll have are serving these kosher meals kosher meals delivered to their to a majority of non-Jewish homes and they’ll have kosher people.” food pantry staples delivered as Since the Federation accepts well,” she said. county and United Way fundGardner said she hopes local ing for its JFS meals and transJewish organizations that now portation, those programs are open to the general community. collect non-perishable food items for the JFS Food Pantry But this funding has created a will continue to collect items tail-wagging-the-dog scenario, to be distributed to the Dayton Gardner said.

Food Bank. “We are also looking into alternative providers to operate a congregate meal site for the general community at Covenant Manor,” Gardner added.


A steady stream of JFS retirements led Gardner and members of the JFS board to speed up its strategic planning process, which began in December. Joyce Anderson, JFS transportation coordinator, retired in February. Mary Ann Hemmert, who serves as director of JFS in a part-time capacity, will retire on May 8. Senior Outreach Manager Hyla Weiskind will retire in June. Jewish Federation’s grant writer, Simone Lotven Sofian, also retires in June. Continuing on at the JFS offices will be Amy Boyle, LSW, who will run day-to-day social work, counseling, and specific assistance operations, and Senior Program Director Janice Kohn. Jewish Federation Administrative Assistant Karen Steiger is now the JFS transportation coordinator. Gardner said the Federation will wait to hire a new JFS director until after the strategic planning process; she anticipates the strategic plan will be completed within six months. “We are not hiring until we know what we need to hire for, and the priorities are set.”

Strategic plan

Much of the heavy lifting for the JFS strategic plan will take place in May and June, Gardner said. “We’ll research what other Jewish Family Services are doing, conduct a needs-assessment in our community, determine what other services we’re duplicating, with avoidance in mind, and bring together focus groups,” she said. Along with JFS board members, professional staff and community stakeholders, members of the JFS strategic planning task force will include Bonnie Parish, executive director of Dayton’s Family Service Association and former assistant director of JFS in Columbus; and Lee Sherman, president and CEO of the Association of Jewish Family and Children’s Services.


Campus updates from across Ohio passed by student government about the ever-worsening huis passed on to the senior vice man rights situation in the ocpresident for student affairs cupied Palestinian territories.” (Kaye Patten Wallace),” Strunk Toledo student Companies the organization said. “The senior vice president targeted for divestment includgovernment passes first for student affairs then considBDS resolution in state ed Boeing, Caterpillar Corp., the ers that legislation and distribThe University of Toledo Hewlett Packard Corp., General utes it throughout the adminis- Dynamics, General Electric student government passed a divestment resolution during an tration as appropriate.” Corp. and United Technologies Nagi Naganathan, interim open forum meeting March 3. Corp. This is the first divestment reso- president of UT, and Brenda Lee, president of the University Ohio U students’ lution passed by a university of Toledo Foundation, issued a student government in Ohio. cases dismissed joint statement March 4 saying The Toledo chapter of StuLawyers representing four the university and the foundadents for Justice in Palestine Ohio University students presented a proposed resolution tion do not support the divestcharged in connection with ment called for in the resolution. speaking out at a student senate to the student government in February calling on the univermeeting during fall semessity to divest from funds that in- OSU student government ter greeted the news that the vest in companies connected to divestment proposal fails charges were dismissed with Israeli occupation of Palestinian A divestment resolution that relief. Athens County Muterritories. The resolution cited was to appear on the election nicipal Court confirmed that the specific companies including ballot for the undergraduate Sept. 10 charges were dropped Cemex, Rolls-Royce, General student government at The against Rebecca Sebo of PepElectric and Hewlett-Packard. Ohio State University was per Pike, Max Peltz of Orange, During a closed meeting Feb. removed March 8 after it was Jonah Yulish of Beachwood and 17, the student government found to be in violation of the Gabriel Sirkin of White Plains, voted 5-4 that the proposed student government’s constitu- N.Y., were dismissed March 4. resolution was unconstitutional. tion and election bylaws. They were scheduled to apAccording to Jessica Moses, The judicial panel of the stupear in Athens Municipal Court president of Toledo Hillel, mem- dent government stated that not March 9 for a pretrial hearing, bers of SJP recruited a lawyer every page of the divestment followed by a jury trial that was and posted a long letter on its resolution bore the name of the set to begin March 10. Attorneys public Facebook page claiming circulator of the petition. The representing the four students the closed student government signatures on those unsigned filed motions to dismiss the case meeting wasn’t democratic and pages were deemed invalid, for lack of speedy trial March 3. demanded that a new vote be which put the resolution below The four students had origipresented in an open forum the required number of signanally been charged with dissetting. tures necessary for an initiative turbing a lawful meeting after The UT student government to appear on the election ballot. being arrested by OU police announced that an open forum A group called OSU Divest Sept. 10 when they refused to meeting would be held March organized the divestment resostop speaking during a student 3 in the student union. Prior to lution. According to the orgasenate meeting. The students the meeting, members of SJP nization’s website, OSU Divest attended the meeting to call for promoted the resolution on was founded in January 2015 the resignation of student senate social media using the hashtag by a group of OSU students, president Megan Marzec, who #UTDivest. faculty, staff and community had called on the university to Moses said she and members members who were “concerned divest from Israel that month. of Hillel drafted an amendment to the resolution that would broaden its terms. “We wanted to make the resolution more broad in that if you’re against human rights you have to be against all countries that violate human rights, not just Israel,” said Moses, a Lyndhurst native who is also KEVIN A. BRESSLER, CFP®, MBA serving as an Israel on Campus Financial Advisor Coalition fellow at Toledo. CERTIFIED FINANCIAL PLANNER™ practitioner Moses said she handed the • 29 years of experience amendment to the president of the student government March • Ameriprise Hall of Fame 2, but it was not included in the • Ameriprise Exceptional Client resolution. At the end of the Satisfaction Award, 2014 meeting, the student govern10050 Innovation Drive, Ste 310 ment voted 21-4 to pass the Miamisburg, OH 45342-4933 divestment resolution. 937.312.8008 Jon Strunk, the assistant vice president of university munications, said the tion will be passed on to upper CA Insurance: #0823959 leadership at the university. “Any legislation that is By Kristen Mott Cleveland Jewish News

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Hillel again taking heat over limiting Israel debate By Anthony Weiss, JTA Hillel President Eric Fingerhut’s decision to withdraw from J Street’s conference has again drawn Hillel into conflict over the boundaries of acceptable criticism of Israel. Some two years after the Open Hillel movement emerged to challenge Hillel International’s guidelines for Israel activities, which prohibit campus chapters from hosting speakers that support divestment from Israel or deny its right to exist, the organization is under fire again for toeing a line on Israel that some see as alienating to liberal Jewish students. J Street blasted Fingerhut’s

decision to back out, with Sarah has simply kept pace with it,” said Rabbi James Ponet, who Turbow, the director of the liberal lobby’s campus arm, claim- became director of the Yale Hiling the Hillel leader had chosen lel in 1981 and served as university chaplain prior to to please his donors starting a sabbatical instead of engaging in 2014. “When I enthousands of students. tered Hillel, its fund But even within raising was quite Hillel, several current minimal. It’s become and former directors a major fund-raising told JTA that Fingerorganization.” hut’s decision is part Ponet said that as of the organization’s a university-focused general rightward organization, Hillel’s drift on Israel and its Hillel President mission should not be growing deference to Eric Fingerhut to police the boundthe demands of major aries of acceptable criticism of supporters. “I think that as the American Israel but to expose students to Jewish community turns further a wide variety of views. Refusing to speak to J Street, Ponet and further to the right, Hillel said, is not in keeping with that mission. “Hillel in that sense, to my sadness, has abdicated or abandoned an understanding — if it ever had it — of higher education,” Ponet said. The latest fracas began on March 9, when Fingerhut announced that he would not appear at the J Street conference later in the month because of “concerns regarding my participation amongst other speakers who have made highly inflammatory statements against the Jewish state.” Asked which speakers Fingerhut had in mind, Hillel’s chief administrative officer, David Eden, named Saeb Erekat, the longtime chief Palestinian negotiator who had recently Throughout the year, Dinsmore attorneys are there with creative compared Israel to the Islamic State, or ISIS. legal strategies, insight and resources to help you reach your The explanation raised goals — in business and in life. Happy Passover to all. eyebrows in many quarters. While Erekat indeed has a history of making inflammatory statements, both Israel and the U.S. State Department have long dealt with him in IsraeliPalestinian peace talks. And according to J Street, Erekat’s presence at the conference was made public three days before Fingerhut accepted an invitation to address members of J Lisa S. Pierce Richard A. Broock Street U there. Philip A. Zukowsky Ralph E. Heyman Hillel officials denied that Edward M. Kress Fingerhut knew about Erekat’s plans to attend, but the organization subsequently appeared DAYTON to walk back its original expla1100 Courthouse Plaza, SW nation. 10 N. Ludlow Street | (937) 449-2800 “I don’t want to pin it down Fifth Third Center | 1 South Main Street on one specific issue,” a Hillel Suite 1300 | (937) 449-6400 spokesman told JTA on March 12 when asked if Erekat’s THIS IS AN ADVERTISEMENT. ©2015. All rights reserved. presence was the impetus for

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THE WORLD Fingerhut’s withdrawal. Asked if the organization had bowed to donor pressure, the spokesman said the decision had been made in consultation with the “full range” of Hillel stakeholders and did not foreclose the possibility that Fingerhut might engage with J Street in the future. “Eric sought counsel from across the full breadth of the political spectrum of Hillel leadership and there was broad, broad consensus that now was not the time,” the spokesman said. Jeremy Brochin, who served as Hillel director at the University of Pennsylvania for 23 years before his retirement in 2010 and publicly criticized Fingerhut in a Facebook post in March, told JTA that he had spoken to several current and former Hillel directors who were uncomfortable with the decision. “Our role is to engage students and to help students in their Jewish growth and on their Jewish journey,” Brochin said. “That conversation would be challenging in both ways — we would challenge students and they would challenge us.” Several Hillel directors contacted by JTA declined to comment on the situation, but Fingerhut did receive praise from some quarters. Arinne Braverman, executive director of the Hillel at Northeastern University, said

attend the J Street conference in her campus is in the midst of Washington. debating a resolution to divest Even Swarthmore and Vasfrom Israel and Fingerhut’s stance set an inspiring example sar, two schools that declared themselves Open Hillels and for her students. promised not to abide by Hillel On March 16, Northeastern International’s Standards of student leaders rejected the Partnership — which prohibits divestment measure. chapters from hosting speakers “I’m very appreciative on that support the Boycott, Dibehalf of Hillel that Eric took vestment and Sanctions (BDS) a stand,” Braverman said. movement — until mid-March “We stand for something. It’s had remained important to be On the ground, within the Hillel clear about our fold. values.” Hillel directors On March Other Hillel say that Hillel 16, however, directors took a Swarthmore middle ground, and J Street U Hillel’s student expressing symboard voted to pathy for the dif- chapters are drop its affiliaficult position in closer than the tion with Hillel which Fingerhut national dispute International found himself. and change its “My feeling would imply. name, citing the is that he was in parent organia no-win situzation’s restrictions on Israel ation,” said Andy Gitelson, issues. the executive director of the Fingerhut has also met University of Oregon Hillel, privately with Open Hilwho participated in a series of conference calls with Fingerhut lel leaders. In the statement announcing his withdrawal, about the decision. “He was Fingerhut emphasized that extremely troubled by this, student members of J Street U and he was not thrilled about are welcome “as members of having to make this type of a the entire Hillel family.” decision.” “While there may be a On the ground, Hillel direcdisconnect between the parent tors say that Hillel and J Street organizations of J Street and U chapters are closer than the Hillel International in general,” national dispute would imply. Gitelson said, “the local level is J Street U chapters are often where a lot of relationships are affiliated with their campus happening and partnerships Hillel, and a number of Hillel are happening.” directors were scheduled to

Montgomery County Commissioner Debbie Lieberman

Wishing you and your family a very Happy Passover Committee to Re-elect Debbie Lieberman, Marty Moore, Treasurer, 3630 Berrywood Drive, Dayton, OH 45424

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Reform rabbinic group installs its first openly gay president By David A.M. Wilensky, JTA PHILADELPHIA — In 1988, her sexual identity a semi-open secret, newly ordained Rabbi Denise Eger had trouble landing a job. Decades on, Eger has risen to the top of her profession, installed March 16 as president of Reform Judaism’s Central Conference of American Rabbis. She is the first openly gay person to lead the organization, which composes more than 2,000 rabbis affiliated with America’s largest Jewish denomination. Eger’s installation took place as the Reform rabbinical association marked the 25th

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was elected because anniversary of its I’ve been a dedicated groundbreaking 1990 pastor and rabbi for resolution calling more than 25 years.” for the ordination of As president, openly gay rabbis. Eger succeeds Rabbi “I never intended Richard Block of to be a gay activist The Temple-Tifereth or to be ‘the lesbian Israel in Beachwood, rabbi,’ which is ironic Ohio. because I know that’s Eger is the foundthe only thing the Rabbi Denise Eger ing rabbi of Congreheadlines will say, gation Kol Ami in because I’m more West Hollywood, Calif., and than that,” Eger, 55, told JTA at has led the Reform congregathe annual CCAR conference, tion since 1992. held here. She previously served as the “Maybe they’re shocked to spiritual leader of Los Angeles’ find at the beginning that she’s a lesbian president and that I’m Congregation Beth Chayim Chadashim, which Eger breaking some ceiling, but I describes as “a gay outreach synagogue.” It was the only congregation Gorgeous Passover centerpieces that would hire her after her ordination, she said. She has been on the CCAR Board of Trustees for four years. Eger was the first female and first openly gay president of the Board of Rabbis of Southern California, and was a founding member of the Religion Council of the Human Rights Campaign, an LGBT Bring in this ad and receive $10 off rights organization. your next in-store Eger came out publicly in purchase of $60 1990, shortly after the CCAR or more* resolution. The Reform seminary, Hebrew Union CollegeJewish Institute Religion, began accepting openly gay students the same year. 1306 Troy Street • Dayton, Ohio 45404 Eger is engaged to be mar(937) 223-1213 • ried to Rabbi Eleanor Steinman. Expires 12.31.2015. *Some exclusions apply. Not valid on wine, candy, or delivery. Among those at the CCAR conference, there were mixed feelings about the attention surrounding the groundbreaking nature of her position. Rabbi Emma Gottlieb of Temple Beth David in Canton, Mass., said that Eger’s ascension was “a wonderful milestone, but it just calls our attention to how much work there is still to be done,” given all the attention garnered by the barrier-breaking nature of her presidency. But for Rabbi Harry Danziger, a former CCAR president who last year marked 50 years in the rabbinate, Eger’s appointment feels especially momentous given that much of his career preceded the acceptance of gays into the Reform rabbinate. “Within the conference, within the movement, I found THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • APRIL 2015

THE WORLD velopment and peer networking as their that when we had resolutions that were related to gender, I wasn’t voting on the reason for attending. Sternman said he looks forward to resolution, I was voting on my friend the CCAR conference because it’s “a Denise, on my friend so-and-so,” he place where I’m just Ben and not rabbi. said. Look at my name tag: just Ben.” Danziger, who was Eger’s childhood “There’s a certain energy in the room rabbi in Memphis, Tenn., recalled an when all the rabbis get together and anecdote from her youth. we’re able to just bring our minds and “In those days, we had very forpassions and energies together,” said mal confirmations — organ, choir, the Rabbi Marci Bellows of Temple B’nai works,” he said. “Her classmates came Torah in Wantagh, N.Y. “There’s a magto me and said, ‘Could Denise play the ic to it. And I feel like I learn things, and guitar and sing something at our conI come away renewed and recharged firmation?’ So she was a groundbreaker and professionally reinvigorated in a then as she is today.” way that just kind of jump-starts my Although Eger’s appointment is year.” a first for the Reform movement, the Eger said that during her two-year smaller Reconstructionist Rabbinical term as president, she plans to introAssociation has had two openly gay duce new continuing presidents since 2007. education requirements At the CCAR conferShe plans to for Reform rabbis and ence, Rabbi Ben Sternincrease partnerships man of Adat Chaverim introduce new with Reform commuin Plano, Texas, a 12-year continuing nities in Europe and veteran of the Reform Israel. rabbinate, said he has no- education The CCAR is set to ticed significant progress requirements for release the High Holy for gay rabbis like himDays prayer book, or self since his ordination. Reform rabbis machzor, in time for Despite the 1990 resoRosh Hashanah. Titled lution, Sternman noted Mishkan HaNefesh, it will include many that there was still dissent in the ranks feminist and LGBT voices. when he was ordained at HUC-JIR. “I hope that the larger Jewish comAt that time, he recalled, one of his munity will come to know me in the professors “would not sign smichah (ordination) for anyone who was GLBT. next two years and learn that about I went and spoke to him for 45 minutes, me,” Eger told JTA, “that I’m devoted to the Jewish people and to the state of trying to convince him to sign my smiIsrael, and I want it to be a place that’s chah, and he refused, flat-out refused.” truly a place of justice for all the peoples The CCAR convention, which inthat live there, a place where any Jew is cluded sessions on human rights, the welcome, no matter how they daven, to Reform movement’s forthcoming new be a place truly of welcome. We don’t High Holy Days prayer book and the have any Jews to waste. That’s what Israeli election, drew some 550 rabbis, I’ve learned.” many of whom cited professional de-

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Ten reasons why you should attend the AIPAC Policy Conference next year By Dr. David M. Novick 1. The issues are urgent. Iran was the most pressing issue at this year’s policy conference. Iran’s nuclear weapons quest is a direct threat to American interests and an existential threat to Israel. Two years ago, a combination of tough diplomacy and mounting sanctions brought Tehran to the negotiating table. Nevertheless, Iran continues to develop more advanced centrifuges and could produce enough enriched uranium to make a bomb in two to three months. Iran consistently violates its treaty obligations by clandestinely procuring material for nuclear and missile programs. AIPAC believes that Iran must dismantle its centrifuges and allow unrestricted access to inspectors. Furthermore, given Iran’s decades of cheating, these constraints must last for decades. This year, AIPAC supports the Nuclear Weapons Free Iran Act of 2015, which will impose additional sanctions if a deal is not reached, and which calls for Congress to vote on any agreement. The challenges in 2016 could be greater, and your help will be needed. 2. You will experience history as it happens. Every year, the prime minister of Israel and top American officials are invited to address the policy conference. This year, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu spoke to us on the day before his historic speech before a joint session of Congress on March 3. Mr. Netanyahu thanked President Obama for all that he has done for Israel, including efforts “that cannot be divulged.” He clearly stated the purpose of his visit: “To speak up about a potential deal with Iran that would threaten the existence of Israel.” He pointed out that the Iranian regime is devouring country after country in the Middle East and exporting terror, in addition to its nuclear program. To

thunderous applause, Mr. Netanyahu said, “The days when the Jewish People are passive against threats to annihilate us – those days are over.” Susan Rice, the U.S. National Security advisor, addressed the conference at a later session. She stressed that the friendship between the United States and Israel is not negotiable, and that Israel’s security is sacrosanct. To a standing ovation, she said, “A bad deal is worse than no deal.” To less applause, she said that we have already succeeded in halting Iran’s nuclear progress, they have built no new centrifuges, talking about sanctions now would harm the ongoing negotiations, and that a 10-year deal was better than other options. There was much to discuss after these two speeches. 3. Israel is surrounded by threats. All of Israel’s borders have potential conflicts: Hezbollah in Lebanon (100,000 rockets), Hamas in Gaza (rockets and tunnels), Islamic Jihad in the Sinai, and ISIS cells all over. Rather than negotiating peace with Israel, the Palestinian Authority is using international organizations to attack the Jewish state. The killing in Syria continues. Legislation promoting military assistance to Israel to counter these threats is essential, and your presence at the policy conference advances this goal. 4. It’s educational. You can attend seminars given by top experts on virtually any aspect of Middle East diplomacy, the relation of Israel to its neighbors or to other key countries such as China, India, and Turkey, and America’s role in world affairs. In addition, exhibits highlight exciting new developments from Israel in

technology and the arts. For example, HopeSpot is a smart balloon that can direct crowds at large events or in emergencies, and Zeekit is an Israeli web service that allows users to upload photos of themselves and try on clothing virtually. An exhibition of paintings sponsored by the Israeli Society for Autistic Children was shown this year. 5. It’s empowering. The highlight of the conference is the last day, when delegates meet with every member of Congress to ask for their support on the most important issues affecting the United States-Israel relationship. With this lobbying, we are not just watching history unfold, we are making it happen. The entire group from Ohio, more than 200 this year, meets with our two senators. This year, four delegates representing Dayton met with U.S. Rep. Mike Turner. In other years, the Dayton delegation has ranged from one to eight people. By attending the 2016 policy conference, you can significantly increase the size and impact of our group. 6. It’s inclusive. This year, a record 16,000 pro-Israel activists attended the conference. There are thousands of students, and increasing numbers of pro-Israel Christians, African-Americans, and Hispanics. There are liberals and conservatives, and everything in between; the only political requirement is support of Israel. Critics falsely try to paint AIPAC as a right-wing organization, but I can attest from personal experience (this was my 10th policy conference) that the entire political spectrum is represented. AIPAC does not endorse candidates for office either in the United States or

With this lobbying, we are not just watching history unfold, we are making it happen.

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Daytonians at the 2015 AIPAC Policy Conference meet on Capitol Hill with U.S. Rep. Mike Turner, of Ohio’s 10th District. (L to R): Julie Bloom, Turner, Dr. David M. and Jane Novick, Montie Felman.

Israel and does not presume to advise the government of Israel on positions it should take vis-à-vis the Palestinians or on other key issues. 7. It’s bipartisan. Not only does the AIPAC delegation include large numbers of Democrats, Republicans, and independents, but when members of Congress are invited to speak, there is always a comparable speaker from the other party. 8. AIPAC is the pro-Israel organization. AIPAC has the size, resources, and know-how to promote the security of the state of Israel. AIPAC is widely regarded as one of the most effective lobbies in the United States. AIPAC does not try to tell Israel how to conduct its diplomacy, unlike J Street, a so-called alternative group. This year’s J Street conference features Saeb Erekat, the chief Palestinian negotiator, who recently compared Israel to ISIS. Erekat cannot credibly be called pro-Israel. 9. Attending the policy conference shows commitment. Taking time off from work and other responsibilities and traveling to Washington, D.C. at our own expense sends a message to our elected representatives, to the people of Israel, and to our friends and neighbors at home that we are committed to sustaining the strong bond between the United States and Israel. 10. The 2016 presidential candidates will be there. Whether or not the major parties’ nominees are known, the candidates will be at the policy conference. You’ll hear their views on Middle East politics and be able to size them up based on your own experience. See you in Washington, D.C., March 20-22, 2016. Dr. David Novick is a gastroenterologist. He lives in Oakwood.

So, what do you think? Send your letters (350 words max., thanks) to The Dayton Jewish Observer 525 Versailles Drive Dayton, OH 45459 THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • APRIL 2015


On the 70th anniversary of liberation Marshall Weiss

By Sam Heider

and handmade boots. We had tailors and shoemakers. In Landsberg and the other DP camps I saw, was born in Poland in a small ladies wore beautiful dresses. village by the name of Biejkow, We also had a kosher butcher the son of Jewish farmers. We store and little grocery stores. I were six children: three brothers, myself had a little grocery store. three sisters, my mother and my I made ice cream, which I sold at father. When Germany occupied football games. Poland, we were forced to leave I even met my wife in 1945 at and go to a ghetto in a little town the Bergen-Belsen DP Camp and by the name of Bialobrzegi. In I took her with me to Landsberg, August 1942, I was taken away where we lived after the liberation from my family. I was sent to a until 1949 when we were sent to concentration camp in Radom, the United States. In Landsberg, Poland, to an ammunition factory. we were married in 1946. Our son, We made guns for the Germans so Morris, was born in there in 1947. they could kill Jews. I remained in I am outraged by what LichtbRadom until 1944. lau writes. In his article, Lichtblau Many of us died on a death uses the general terms “many march there for more than a week. Jews” and “thousands of surThose who lived were put in cattle vivors” but he doesn’t mention cars, 60 people to a car, with no where it took place and doesn’t food, no water, no sanitary fagive any documentation. cilities. The smell of human waste In Landsberg we had everything was unbearable. we could ask for. We had plenty When we arrived in Auschwitz to eat, we could go any place we we couldn’t believe our own eyes: wished, we never had barbed wire. we were greeted with a beautiful We had a beautiful dining room orchestra and a big sign, Arbeit with the best food. Whoever wantMacht Frei, which means Work ed to cook his or her own food was Makes You Free. given plenty of food to cook. I also The same day, we went through Daytonian Sam Heider in front of the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton’s Holocaust Memorial at the visited several other DP camps in a selection, facing the “Angel of Boonshoft Center for Jewish Culture and Education in Centerville. He holds his identification certificate which I had relatives. I never saw Death,” Dr. Josef Mengele, waiting from Landsberg DP Camp in Germany, where he lived from 1945 to 1949. barbed wire. We never had armed for him to decide whether I should words will remain with me for the rest under the most inhumane conditions guards watching us. live or be put in the gas chambers. of my life. mankind has ever known, living on a I kept pinching my cheeks to make Two days before the liberation, we piece of bread and a little bit of watery myself look healthy. He finally came to ow did I survive the Holocaust? my row and looked at me with his sadis- soup. When I went to get the soup, I had had received packages of food from the And why am I the only survivor Red Cross. Many of us died after eattic smiling face, straight in my eyes. My to climb over piles of dead bodies. And of my family? I don’t know the answer. ing everything. We were lucky that the arms were up half way. Had he ordered I didn’t know if the smell was from the Perhaps God knows the answer, or there soup or from the dead bodies. Therefore, Americans took away the packages. me to raise my arms up a little higher, I is no answer. The images of piles of I was sent to a displaced persons’ would have had to drop the only picture many times I didn’t go for the soup. I dead bodies will remain with me for the camp in Landsberg Am Lech, Germany. rest of my life. didn’t care if I lived or died. Life was of my sister, which I managed to save meaningless, with no hope of survival. all those years under my arm — going What outrages me the most is that the n the Feb. 8, 2015 issue of The New After a short time in Dachau, on April through several selections, including world kept silent. No one intervened on York Times, I read a news analysis by Auschwitz — and even going into show- 23, 1945, we were put on a train in cattle behalf of the Jews. Knowing that Hitler Eric Lichtblau: Surviving the Nazis, only cars, 60 people to a car, again with no ers, going in one door and coming out was planning for the Final Solution of to be jailed by America. Lichtblau is a food, water, or sanitary facilities. Many the other. the Jewish people, no one spoke out of us died on the train. With Washington, D.C. correspondent for The against Hitler and the Nazis. It should I managed to save this New York Times and wrote the book The no place to go, the train picture to this day. be a lesson learned and never to be forNazis Next Door: How America Became went back and forth. Mengele motioned me to gotten. Never again. On April 28, it stopped at a Safe Haven for Hitler’s Men. Lichtblau the right. Had he motioned writes in the article that “even after the a place called Staltach. We me to the left, I wouldn’t be Sam Heider lives in Dayton. victorious American and Allied were ordered out and told here today. forces took control over the camps, not to move. After a while, Next to my row were twin the survivors...remained for months we saw a lot of tanks on brothers. Mengele looked at behind barbed wire and under the nearby highway. A few them for a while and said, turned in our direction. The armed guard.” He also writes that “You are twins, yes?” He “many Jews were left wearing the closer they came, one of us then ordered them taken same notorious striped pajamas that starting yelling in Yiddish, away. As we found out later, “Amerikanes, Amerikanes.” the Nazis first gave them.” Mengele made all kinds of This was not what I saw at The most beautiful sound I medical experiments with Bergen-Belsen or at my DP camp at ever heard. twins. Landsberg. One soldier came from After the selection in I went to Bergen-Belsen right after behind one of the tanks and Auschwitz, I was sent to as he approached us, with a the liberation. I didn’t find any of three more concentration the survivors wearing the same unilittle machine gun, he said camps including Dachau. In forms as in concentration camps, or in broken German, “Du Dachau, we didn’t work. We behind barbed wire, or under armed hab kein angs, du bist frai.” were just waiting to be put Sam Heider at guards. Don’t be afraid, you are free. in the crematoriums. Landsberg DP Camp in Sam Heider with his wife, Phyllis, and their son, We wore nice tailor-made suits, It was April 30, 1945. Those In Dachau, we lived 1946 with his dog Morris, in the Landsberg DP Camp, 1948






2 015













After the film, stick around for a Q&A with Senior Rabbi David Sofian from Temple Israel and Brother Victor Forlani, SM, DBA, Marianist in Residence at the University of Dayton School of Business Administration to discuss the religious ramifications in the film.


















Don’t miss a discussion with editor and publisher of The Dayton Jewish Observer, Marshall Weiss, as he discusses Ms. Tucker’s influence on popular culture.

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For A Woman



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The Jewish Cardinal 90 min


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Jew and cardinal both By Allen Ellenzweig, Forward Made as a film for the French-German television network, Arté, The Jewish Cardinal, which opens Dayton’s JCC Film Fest, nevertheless has the scope and sobriety of a feature film. Without much of the bloat of the standard biopic, its focus is the period of French prelate Jean-Marie Aron Lustiger’s elevation through Church ranks, from being named archbishop of Orléans in 1979, to his elevation as archbishop of Paris in 1981 and cardinal in 1983, all under the guidance of the new Polish Pope, John Paul II. But the screenplay, co-written by director Ilan Duran Cohen and Chantal Derudder, has more than career chronology on its mind. Lustiger was born a French Jew of Polish immigrant stock, willingly converted to Christianity in the shelter of a Christian family during the war, and was quoted at the time of his elevation to archbishop: “I was born Jewish, and so I remain, even if that is unacceptable for many. For me, the vocation of Israel is bringing light to the goyim. That is my hope and I believe that Christianity is the means for achieving it.” Cohen and Derudder attempt the difficult task of presenting both the emotional toll his conversion had on his family — relying on several familial scenes and flashbacks — and the philosophical conundrum of maintaining a dual identity as Christian and Jew, relying here on several encounters with members of the Church hierarchy and the French Jewish community. Lustiger’s refugee father never reconciled with his son’s conversion. While he was hardly a practicing Jew, the loss of his wife, Gisèle — Aron’s mother — at Auschwitz, left him embittered. In the film, his son’s Catholicism is taken as repudiation, although the junior Lustiger denies any such motive. Within some Church circles, Jean-Marie’s avowed Jewish identity creates suspicion, and among the French Jewish communal hierarchy, suspicion and wariness are compounded by Lustiger’s seeming to want it both ways. The story builds momentum as a portrait of a dynamic spiritual leader who, while bearing dual allegiances, rises through Church ranks with speed. Always aware of the symbolic function he plays in reconciling Christians and Jews, Lustiger is also committed to modernizing Christian outreach in a France whose Catholic institutions seem dated, if not moribund. Laurent Lucas gives a thoughtful, powerful performance as the impatient, sometimes truculent Lustiger, a prelate whose earliest nickname was “the


A Night in


The JCC graciously thanks the following: Laurent Lucas as Jean-Marie Lustiger in The Jewish Cardinal

bulldozer.” As Pope John Paul II, Aurélien Recoing creates a wily character portrait, imbuing the man with both personal charm and a skillful sense of realpolitik. Indeed, as the film gathers force, examining the familial tensions and professional conflicts of Lustiger’s life, the narrative also deftly moves toward its dramatic third act. For in the controversy of the Carmelite nuns intent on building a convent at Auschwitz despite desecrating a site unique to the Shoah, Lustiger’s behindthe-scenes role as negotiator — and his own moment of personal revelation — is handled with rare balance, sense, and suitable passion. Here we see John Paul II as a reluctant figure, pulled into a controversy he prefers to understand through the lens of the impending Communist downfall, rather than for its immediate threat to worldwide Christian-Jewish relations. Lustiger, on the other hand, by his own eyewitness at Auschwitz, comes to understand his father’s embittered attitude toward the Poles. There at the camp, he observes a measure of administrative indifference and laziness — the refusal of the Poles to properly reckon with their past — that has brought this particular interfaith crisis to a head. Though fortunate in the almost filial relationship he has with the pope, Lustiger verbally jousts with his papal superior and mentor over the Carmelite matter. Scenes of these strong-minded men together provide the two fine actors a chance to delve deep into their characters’ alternative understanding of the divide between Catholics and Jews. Cohen has admitted to freely expanding upon the known facts. Obviously, no one could confirm the private conversations between John Paul II and Lustiger. But from the vantage of the film’s inquiry into a man’s struggle with his dual religious identities, and in the respect the film accords the philosophical debates of its characters, The Jewish Cardinal is both emotionally rich and intellectually satisfying.

The JCC Film Fest opens with The Jewish Cardinal on Tuesday, April 21 at 7:15 p.m. at Cinemark at The Greene, followed by a discussion with Brother Victor Forlani, director of the Center for the Integration of Faith and Work at the University of Dayton; and Rabbi David Sofian of Temple Israel. The Jewish Cardinal will also be screened on Tuesday, May 5 at 7 p.m. at the Little Art Theatre, 247 Xenia Ave. in Yellow Springs. Tickets are available at the door, at, at the Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville, or by calling Karen Steiger at 610-1555.

» AAA » Annette Nathan » Arthur Murray Studio » Boston’s Bistro » Charlie’s Deli » Coco’s Bistro » Company 7 BBQ » David Klass » Dayton Art Institute » Dayton Dragons » Dayton Jewish Film Festival » Dayton Optometric » DUCTZ » El Meson » Elizabeth Diamond Company » Entertainment Unlimited Events » EZ Cleaners » Fleming’s » Flyboy’s Deli » Flying Pizza

» German Orthodontics » Gordon’s Jewelry & Loan » J. Joseph Home Improvements » KLiP ART » LA Fitness » Lindy & Company » M.L. Dunn Flooring » Main Massage » Mama DiSalvo’s Italian Restaurant » Mantra Hair Salon » Meijer » Mendelson’s » Mitch Jacobs » NCR Country Club » Pappadeux » Paragon Supper Club » Pieces of Style » Positive Touch

» Practice Yoga » Ray’s Wine Spirits Grill » Reiber Cleaners » Renee Peery » Sam’s Club » Scene 75 » Speedway » Square One Salon & Spa » TGIFriday’s » Thai 9 » The Deli at Webster Street » Tony’s Italian Kitchen » University of Dayton » Victoria Theatre Association » Weber Jewelers » Winans Chocolate & Coffee

Event Committee: Heath Gilbert - Chair | Amy Bloom | Lisa Blum Lori Cohen | Ron Gilbert | Shirlee Gilbert | Mark Gordon Bobbi Hartsog | Mel Lipton | Lynn Mantell Patty O’Connell | Brian O’Koon | Suzanne Vlahos




Last of the red-hot mamas By Karen Davis Jewish Women’s Archive “I believe in tit for tat, and if that’s the case someone owes me a lot of tat.” That quote begins well-researched documentary about Sophie Tucker, the bawdy singer and comedian known for being “the last of the red-hot mamas.” And thanks to the producing-writing team of Lloyd and Sue Ecker, a new generation of fans will be giving Sophie lots of “tat,” just as their parents and grandparents did during her career, which lasted from the first decade of the 20th century through the 1960s. The child of Russian-Jewish immigrants who settled in Hartford, Conn., Sophie was bitten by the stage bug in her early teens and entered show business as a way to get out of the kitchen in the familyowned deli. As the film points out, Sophie was as adept at the “business” part of the entertainment world — promoting herself and supporting her family — as she was at the “show” part. “Always let them see you before they hear you,” she later said about her feather plumes, furs and sequined, spangled gowns. The film opens as Sophie is starting her career in vaudeville, where she initially performed in black face. Short, overweight, with brassy blonde hair and a homely face, an early stage manager took a look at her and said, “black her up.”

But at a Chicago theatre, Sophie conveniently forgot her make-up, went on stage with a naked face, and belted out songs with such a big, smoky voice that the audience forgot her appearance and fell in love with her singing and raunchy style. Later during prohibition, many of the nightclubs were owned by gangsters, so after performing, Sophie often played cards with Al Capone and other mobsters. Somewhat of a cardshark herself, she frequently won. Always popular, even young J. Edgar Hoover was a friend. He reportedly asked for one of her gowns only to be told by Sophie that he wouldn’t fit into it. With access to Sophie’s 400-plus scrapbooks and interviews with relatives and celebrities who knew her, this lively, engaging film tries to be definitive about an entertainer who was the predecessor of comedian Moms Mabley, actress Mae West, and the inspiration for actress/singer/comedian Bette Midler. If it falls short at all, it’s when the filmmakers get a little too playful. In one instance, they refer to one of her husbands, a womanizer, as “having troubles with his zipper.” Filmmakers also skirt the issue of Tucker’s possible bisexuality when pointing out that after her third marriage ended, Sophie was surrounded by women and kept intimate letters from at least one of them. Part of the reason for this may be the

David? Goliath?

who is who is

unabated enthusiasm Lloyd and Susan Ecker have for their subject — and a desire not to offend any of Sophie’s remaining family. It’s rare for documentary filmmakers to insert themselves into the film they’re making, but the Eckers are such big fans of Sophie that they become talking heads themselves, and include many of Sophie’s relatives as part of their “extended family” in the closing credits. Among the talking heads, Barbara Walters’ interview is the most revealing, since she hung around her father’s Latin Quarter nightclub in Miami and knew Sophie first-hand. Some of the other celebrities Sophie Tucker interviewed seem gratuitous — Tony her sexuality with risqué lyrics, often Bennett may be singing now with accompanying her singing by running Lady Gaga to stay au courant, but he her hands suggestively over her body never performed with Sophie, and the and casting seductive, sideways glances connection between the two is highly at her audiences. When she sang her tenuous. signature “You’re gonna miss your big Using computer-generated techfat mama,” she wasn’t talking about niques of animation, the film tries to maternal love. After viewing The Outrainsert some variety into the predictable geous Sophie Tucker, you’ll see why she archival footage/talking heads forstill burns bright and hot today. mat of many documentaries, although clips of her performances are truly The JCC Film Fest in partnership with compelling. Computer colorization Hadassah presents The Outrageous Sophie of black-and-white photos makes Tucker, Tuesday, April 28, 10 a.m. at the Sophie look almost glamorous. Neon Movies, 130 E. 5th St., Dayton. Jewish What comes across most about this popular female entertainer was Observer Editor and Publisher Marshall Weiss will lead a discussion after the film. Tickets are her self-confidence and clear mesavailable at the door, at, at the sage that women — even fat ones! Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville, — enjoy sex as much as men. or by calling Karen Steiger at 610-1555. Sophie embraced her size and


KUWAIT pop. 2.6M

pop. 7.9M

BAHRAIN pop. 1.2M

LEBANON pop. 4.1M

WEST BANK (Judea & Samaria)

pop. 2.1M TUNISIA pop. 10.7M

SYRIA pop. 22.5M

GAZA STRIP pop. 1.7M

IRAQ pop. 31.1M

MOROCCO pop. 32.3M ALGERIA pop: 37.4M

Menemsha Films

LIBYA pop. 5.6M

IRAN pop. 78.9M

EGYPT pop. 83.7M SAUDI ARABIA pop. 26.5M

There’s no lack of media coverage on Israel, the Middle East’s sole democracy with civil rights and a free press. What is lacking is objective coverage. This tiny Jewish nation, the size of New Jersey, with less than eight million people, a quarter of them non-Jewish, generally receives inaccurate, harsh, even hostile coverage from the world’s press.


OMAN pop. 3.1M

The Jewish News Service ( was created to correct that. Our weekly reporting, including exclusive distribution rights for Israel Hayom, Israel’s most popular daily, now appears in 31 Jewish weeklies. We invite you to join us in getting the truth out about Israel. To receive our FREE weekly newsletter go to subscribe-to-our-newsletter today!


JORDAN pop. 6.5M


QATAR pop. 1.9M

YEMEN pop. 24.8M



Ninety-year-old top guns lift Above and Beyond Playmount Productions

By Michael Fox Special To The Observer Documentary makers often get their ideas from the front page. Nancy Spielberg discovered the forgotten late-1940s saga that gives wings to Above and Beyond on the obituary page. “I found out about Al Schwimmer, and that this guy, an American, was considered the godfather of the Israeli Air Force,” Spielberg recalls. She saw SchwimDavid Ben-Gurion with Pilot Modi Alon mer’s name mentioned in Grossman in part because the director the obituary of a former had employed reenactments in Blessed Is Israeli pilot. “It talked the Match with skill and effectiveness. about smuggling planes “I needed to do these kinds of (reenand being indicted and I acted) flying sequences,” Spielberg says. was like, ‘Whoa.’” “We researched archival footage and we Schwimmer was alive, and it turned got some great stuff, but there’s not a lot out so were several other World War out there. That combination, I thought, II veterans who risked their American citizenship and their lives to leap into the may be able to attract a younger audifray when the state of Israel was created. ence, which to me is very important.” The straight-talking American pilots They were men of exceptional characin Above and Beyond have no interest in ter, with a few adrenaline junkies rather than ardent Zionists, but their experience perpetuating sanitized myths or posing for statues. They revel in long-ago love and skill proved essential when Israel’s affairs, and every rule they broke. Arab neighbors attacked. Gideon Lewin “I have to tell you that we Above and Beyond, screening really cleaned up a lot,” Grossat Dayton’s JCC Film Fest, soars man says with a smile. “Not just on the colorful and occasionally language, but stories. Believe ribald exploits of the still-vital me, compared to the (full) interpilots. views, this is a G-rated film.” “What happens is you realize “They were young men,” if you want to talk to anyone, Spielberg elaborates, “and many they’re in their 90s, and you don’t of them said when they came have time,” Spielberg explains. Nancy Spielberg back from World War II they “So you really have to (put the) were celebrated heroes, and all pedal to the metal. We didn’t of a sudden they were selling insurance have a script. I got a few bucks, and as soon as I got enough to get a director on or shoes. That just doesn’t hold a candle. board and grab a cameraman and go, we They liked their flight jackets. They liked their girls. Several of them needed that went.” thrill. They wanted a band of brothNew to the world of documentaries, ers, they wanted the glory days. They Spielberg produced Above and Beyond wanted another shot.” with Roberta Grossman, the savvy, Consequently, they procured, repaired talented director of the riveting World and flew airplanes that — among other War II portrait, Blessed Is the Match: The invaluable contributions — helped Life and Death of Hannah Senesh, and the thwart the Egyptian blockade of supcrowd-pleaser Hava Nagila: The Movie. plies that threatened the newborn state’s Spielberg will attend the Dayton premiere of Above and Beyond and talk about existence. Above and Beyond provides insight into the project after the screening. the contemporary Jewish experience. “I was worried when we started out “It’s a really interesting snapshot for that the subtitle of the film was going me of how — before, during and after to be Old Guys Talking,” Grossman says. the Holocaust and the birth of Israel — “And that wouldn’t be hugely compelling. We’d end up with a film that would the trajectory of American Jewish identity became so connected to Israel and to only appeal to those who were specifically interested in this story. What makes Zionism,” Grossman says. “It really was a very, very quick ramp-up. There was the film rise above that, I hope, is the guys are really wonderful characters. As a very small Zionist community in the it should be in a film, the history’s in the United States before the war, and then we became all about supporting Israel. background and the individuals are in These guys’ lives follow that trajectory, the foreground. And they were worthy and it’s interesting to learn about Ameriindividuals to put in the foreground.” Spielberg, who happens to be Steven’s can Jewish history through the lives of individuals.” sister, had the same concern; she chose The JCC Film Fest in partnership with Reel Stuff Aviation Resources presents Above and Beyond on Thursday, April 30, 7 p.m. at the Air Force Museum Theatre, 1100 Spaatz St., Riverside. Producer Nancy Spielberg will talk about the documentary following the screening. Tickets are available at the door, at, at the Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville, or by calling Karen Steiger at 610-1555.

join us for e s a a ple

Retirement Party in honor of

Rabbi David Sofian Sunday April 19, 2015 6PM


130 Riverside Drive Dayton, OH 45405 RSVP by April 6 937.496.0050 or

$50 per person includes dinner, dessert, & entertainment Vegetarian option upon request Seating is limited

Temple Israel • • 937-496-0050 130 Riverside Drive, Dayton, OH 45405 A Reform Synagogue open to all who are interested in Judaism. Childcare provided during Friday services and Sunday school.



Have an



Judy Rosen Gossett of Columbus and Randall L. Gossett of Florida are proud to announce the birth of their second grandchild, Adleigh (Addy) E. Gossett, daughter of Jessica and William Gossett. This precious child was born Jan 7. She was welcomed home by her big sister, 15-month-old Maebry. They reside in Florida. On Feb. 17, Judy and Randy also became grandparents of twin girls: Rosalie Grace (Rosie) and Josephine Mae (Josie). Parents are Rachael Gossett (Abrams) and Joshua Abrams. Paternal grandparents are Cathy and Lynn Abrams of Missouri. Rachael and Josh also live in Missouri. William and Rachael’s great-granparents in Dayton were Israel and Gloria Mae Zappin Rosen; great-greatgrandparents were William Zappin and Mary Zappin.


Bar & Bat Mitzvahs Birthdays Weddings Anniversaries Sweet 16s

Call or email for pricing information 937-723-7692 • 3012 Far Hills Ave. • Kettering (Far Hills & Dorothy Lane)

Make every day awesome! A. Requested changes B. Without Swirl - Smaller Yogurt

Janoff-Hinchey Judi and George Grampp are delighted to announce the marriage on Feb. 7 of her daughter, Jessica Lynne Janoff, to Joseph Hinchey, M.D. Joseph is completing a fellowship in anesthesiology at Mt. Sinai Hospital in New York. Jessica is a nurse practitioner with the cardio-thoracic ICU at Mt. Sinai. They will continue to make their home in New York until June. Jessica is also the daughter of Alan and Karen Janoff of Charleston, S.C.

Now taking orders for unique, beautiful centerpieces for Passover Seders. 1132 Brown Street Dayton, Ohio 45409 Easy access parking behind the Shoppe 937-224-7673

And G-d said, “I will establish My covenant between Me and your children.” (Genesis 17:2)

Dotan Herszage Certified Mohel

Wishing You A Happy Passover

614-274-0979 work 614-580-0416 car

Are you reading this? So is the entire Jewish community. Contact Patty Caruso at to advertise in The Observer. PAGE 18

Kutner-Goldenberg Debby and Bob Goldenberg are pleased to announce the engagement of their son, Theodore Justin Goldenberg, to Alicia Beth Kutner, daughter of Barbara and Steven Kutner of Holliston, Mass. Teddy received his bachelor’s degree in hotel and restaurant management and his MBA from Send lifecycles to: the University of Denver. He The Dayton Jewish Observer works for Dish Network. Alicia 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville, OH received her bachelor’s degree from Quinnipiac University and 45459 • Email: There is a $10 charge to run a her master’s degree in teaching photo; please make checks from Simmons College. She is payable to The Dayton Jewish a teacher. A Dec. 6 wedding is Observer. planned in Denver.

KVELLING CORNER Hillel Academy will honor Sandy Sloane Brenner for her 43 years of teaching at the Jewish day school with a brunch on May 31 at Beth Abraham Synagogue. Proceeds will benefit Hillel Academy.

Russ Gottesman are among the dinner hosts. Erv Pavlofsky of ProduceOne provides greens for the event and opens his warehouse for event planners to organize and distribute food to chefs. This year marks the 35th anniversary for Dayton’s Ronald McDonald House.

Rachel Haug Gilbert

David Katz, son of Linda and Allan Katz, has been named executive director of Hillel 818, which serves students at California State University Northridge, Pierce College, and Los Angeles Valley College. David moves to California from Pittsburgh, where he served as assistant director of the Hillel Jewish University Center.

Ann Berger is coordinating chefs for the Fifth Annual Doors of Compassion fundraiser on April 18 to benefit the Ronald McDonald House. Doors of Compassion begins with dinners prepared by chefs and served in private residences across the area. Following dinner, participants come together for an after party with live music, a silent auction, and desserts, at a location kept secret until that evening’s dinner. Chef Adam Baumgarten of Bernstein’s Fine Catering marks his fourth year volunteering for the event. Bonnie Beaman Rice and Lauren Baumgarten serve on the planning committee, and Andi Rabiner and Katie and

The Dayton Jewish Committee on Scouting held its annual Scout Shabbat on March 7, at Beth Abraham Synagogue. Cub Scout Ethan Zied, of Pack 34 in Springboro, was awarded an Aleph Emblem. To earn the Aleph Emblem, Ethan studied aspects of Jewish life and history. Ethan is the son of Eric Zied and Dr. Dena MasonZied. And Jereme Kuperman, cubmaster of Pack 28 in Kettering, received the Shofar Award for his outstanding

service in the promotion of Scouting among Jewish youths. Ari Vandersluis serves on the BuckeyeThon Committee at The Ohio State University, which raises funds for Nationwide Children’s Hospital in Columbus. More than 4,000 students came together for BuckeyeThon’s dance marathon Feb. 6-7, raising $1.2 million. Ari is the son of Marci and Dr. Joel Vandersluis. Jessica Cohen, daughter of Lori Appel-Cohen, is one of 73 teens from across North America on the National Federation of Temple Youth (NFTY) High School in Israel program from January through May. The program is based at Kibbutz Tzuba in the Judean Hills 15 minutes outside of Jerusalem. Students take an advanced Jewish history class and Hebrew Ulpan, general studies courses, and spend three days each week on field trips. Send your Kvelling items to or to Rachel Haug Gilbert, The Dayton Jewish Observer, 525 Versailles Drive, Centerville, OH 45459.



PR ESI D EN TS Jewish Federation of GREATER DAYTON Friday, April 10 7PM › YAD Passover Potluck Shabbat Dinner After celebrating Passover with your families, share your favorite dish with our YAD family! Sunday, April 12 4PM @ Beth Abraham Synagogue › Yom Hashoah Remembrance: 70 Years After the Holocaust Local Holocaust survivor John Koenigsberg shares his incredible story as we honor the lives of those who have perished. The Max May Memorial Holocaust Art Contest submissions for 2015 will be on display from 3-4PM and after the service. Tuesday, April 14 7PM @ Harrigan’s Tavern YAD Trivia Night Saturday, April 18 10AM › YAD Volunteers @ Five Rivers MetroParks Help us make a difference in the Dayton community! Give back to our wonderful park system so we can continue to enjoy them. Thursday, April 23 5:30PM @ Boonshoft CJCE › Israel Independence Day Community Celebration Sunday, May 3 › Presidents’ Dinner @ the Dayton Art Institute

Seven things to know about THE PRESIDENTS DINNER 1. WHY IS IT CALLED THE PRESIDENTS DINNER? The Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton honors the legacy of its past presidents with this premier event – The Presidents Dinner. Our community can expect worldrenowned speakers each year for a one-of-a kind experience to inspire our community with a global message on an intimate level. 2. WHAT IS THE COST AND WHY IS IT SO LOW?

There are several options, one that will fit every budget ~ $2,000 for a Patron Table, $250 for an individual Patron ticket, $54 for an individual ticket, and $36 for a Young Adult ticket (adults 30 years & younger).


Dinner includes several courses. First is grilled romaine drizzled with an olive oil lemon vinaigrette, accompanied by a poached filet of chilean sea bass. Next, slow-oven braised beef short ribs with a red wine reduction and horseradish smashed potatoes and roasted locally sourced baby vegetables. Dessert features a lemon brownie on strawberry coulis and decadent homemade double chocolate truffle. The meal is accompanied by red and white wine at your table along with a complete after dinner tea and coffee Service!


We anticipate this event will sell out! We encourage reservations be made as soon as possible in order to reserve your spot. Reservation deadline is April 21st. 5. WHAT IS THE PROGRAM FOR THE EVENING?

The VIP Reception begins at 5pm. Dinner begins at 6pm with a short presentation from special guest speaker Molly Rosen who faced BDS activists head-on at the University of Michigan. Our keynote speaker David Gregory follows at 7:15 pm.


Gregory brings with him more than 25 years of journalistic insight into today’s complicated world. David Gregory will present his unique perspective that’s been deeply influenced by his Jewish faith. 7. WHO IS COORDINATING THE EVENT?

This event is being coordinated by Debby Goldenberg, Event Chair, the Presidents Dinner Committee, and Caryl Segalewitz, Campaign Events Manager.

W E C A N ’ T WA I T TO S E E YO U T H E R E ! » M AY 3 SOUTH FOR THE WINTER: Dayton Flocks to Florida Our yearly Gem City Reunion was graciously hosted this year by JFGD past president Debby Goldenberg and her husband Bob at their Florida residence. It was just what the doctor ordered for this year’s chilly Ohio winter. We noshed, shared stories from the past, and shared

our hopes for the future. With the weather finally warming up here in Dayton, I look forward to seeing our Snowbirds migrate back to Dayton for what will surely be a fantastic spring. For those we left behind in Florida, we hope you stay connected to all your friends and family here in Dayton. Cathy L. Gardner CEO Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton

TOP: (L to R) Marianne Weissman, Esther Feldman and Barbara Sanderow MIDDLE: (L to R) James Duberstein, DeNeal Feldman, Jeff Saeks BOTTOM: (L to R) Barbara Weprin, Marilyn Serelson, Beverly Saeks

RSVPs are due at least 1 week before event. Events with no price listed are free. PLEASE CONTACT KAREN STEIGER REGARDING ALL EVENTS UNLESS NOTED OTHERWISE: 610-1555,

2015 MEGA TEEN MISSION Contact Cheryl Carne for more information at


Alan Gabel in Israel: A JCC Experience JCC Board Member Alan Gabel recently returned from abroad, visiting Israel through a seminar program funded by the Jewish Community Centers of America, which our JCC here in Dayton is proud to be a part of.

Jewish Community Center of GREATER DAYTON Thursday, April 9 › Teen Bowling Program 6:30–8PM @ Poelking Lanes (3200 Woodman Dr, 45420) Grades 8-12 hang out with other teens and enjoy an evening of strikes and spares with your peers! Contact Yale Glinter for more information. Thursday, April 16 › Speaker Series: Scam Prevention 12PM @ Beth Jacob Synagogue Learn how to make your home and finances safer by learning the warning signs of common scams. Friday, April 17 through Sunday, April 19 › BBYO KIO AIT/MIT Convention Drop off at the Boonshoft CJCE on Friday at 5:3OPM, pick up at the Boonshoft CJCE on Sunday at 2PM. Contact Yale Glinter for cost information. FILM FESTIVAL $9 per ticket, $8 for students. Tuesday, April 21 › FILM FEST Opening Night: The Jewish Cardinal 7:15PM @ Cinemark at The Greene 14 Sponsor: Morris Home Furnishings Wednesday, April 22 › FILM FEST: Run Boy Run 7PM @ The Little Art Theatre Sunday, April 26 › FILM FEST: 70 Hester Street & The Sturgeon Queens 3:10PM @ The Neon

For more films, please see page 14 RSVPs are due at least 1 week before event. Events with no price listed are free. PLEASE CONTACT KAREN STEIGER REGARDING ALL EVENTS UNLESS NOTED OTHERWISE: 610-1555,

It is hard to summarize such a fantastic trip to a country so open to the Jewish faith and to the traditions and love of its Jewish people. There is no other place in the world so welcoming to the Jewish people. I have visited Israel before but found it more so engaging and alive to the Jewish people on this recent trip. There are distinct differences of opinions on everything but the common denominator remains unbroken - we are Jews and we can openly support each other. This is not to suggest it is a perfect place as there are controversies among the different religious practices and political beliefs. And certainly differences of opinions between the religious and the secular Jews. But we are Jews and mostly, we respect the right to disagree as Jews. The trip was organized by the superb Jewish Community Centers of America (JCCA) staff in Jerusalem. It included hiking in the hills in Ellah valley where David slew Goliath, seeing the beautiful seasonable flowers in bloom on the hillsides above the Ellah valley, visiting the graves of Israel’s first President, David Ben Gurion and his wife, visiting the Jacob Blaustein Institute for desert research at David Ben Gurion University, an extensive hike in the desert, seeing the many sites in Jerusalem including the Western Wall, the

Holy Sepulchre Church, the location of the first Christian Church and the site of the Last Supper, the visit to the Jewish Quarter, and the new synagogue built in the Jewish Quarter. We also visited Yad Vashem and the Mahane Yehuda Market. We spent Kabbalat Shabbat services at the Western Wall. There were so many sites and rituals seen by the group. Yes, we even visited the zoo! The last 2 days were spent in Tel Aviv where we visited many important sites. This includes the building where Israel’s independence was declared by David Ben Gurion. As explained by our very informed and interesting tour educator, Abraham Silver (originally born in Brooklyn but now living in Tel Aviv with his family), Tel Aviv represents the first Jewish city built by the Jews in Israel. We observed the place where a Jewish wedding was being prepared for the wedding ceremony that day.

Purim Pagentry

Cadence Liberty (Queen Esther), Jonah Halasz (King Achashverosh) and Chase Holzapfel (Haman) present the story of Purim to their classmates in Chaverim cheder. PHOTO CREDIT: PAT JONES

› Mamaloshen

A little bit of Yiddish to share with friends, courtesy of the JCC Yiddish Club, in memory of Lynda A. Cohen.

Kvit: \KVIT\ Noun Receipt, (pawn) ticket. 1. Kvitlech are used as prayer notes. Often placed by the grave of a sage or in the cracks of the Wailing Wall, and other times they are filled out by a gabbay or shames (steward) of a Chasidic rebbe and given to him so that he should pray on behalf of the petitioner. Often, in the latter case, the kvitl is accompanied by a pidyen, a sum of money given to the rebbe either for his personal use or for charitable purposes. 2. Another famous use of kvitlech is in the context of childbirth. Women lying in kimpet, in labor, are sometimes given special amulets, called yoyledes-kvitlech, which are meant to protect against evil demons like Lilith, who are said to try to kill newborn babies and their mothers.


I need to mention one particular program which deserves our attention and respect. These are the Americans who have come to Israel to fight with Israeli soldiers against the enemies of Israel. This program was established after the death of an American, Michael Levin. It is called The Lone Soldier Center. I encourage you to read about it. They need contributions and your support. I am willing to meet with any group or individual who wishes to hear more about this trip. I hope we can learn from the many suggestions and incorporate some of them in our JCC and our community.

FRONT ROW: Caitlyn Becker, Josephine Nehrbass, Brianna Becker, Lucie Jacobs, Samantha Studebaker, Yetta Krummel-Adkins and Alexis Becker BACK ROW: Jerry Matthew Ward, Oscar Waldman, Jordan Vandersluis, Grant Crane, Devorah Schwartz, Elise Hunter, Aaron Guggenheimer, Sara Nicholaisen, Brice Donegia and Samantha Jacobs. Children throughout the Miami Valley delivered two great performances of Into the Woods Jr. at the Rosewood Arts Centre including a Sold Out Performance on Sunday, February 22 to over 180 people. Thank you to everyone who supported the 2015 Children’s Theatre Program. Stay tuned for upcoming Youth, Teen and Family Programming.

Speaker Series: Thursday, April 16, NOON @ Beth Jacob Part II of the Safety Program with Miami Valley Crime Prevention Association: How to make your home safer and some of the scams that are being used on people. No one is immune to theft. Everyday, homes & businesses are burglarized, & thousands of dollars in personal property are stolen.

Student Social Work Intern: Rebecca Fensler While obtaining her degree in Education from the University of Findlay, Rebecca became determined to pursue a social work degree in light of the myriad of family issues she encountered while working with children. She graduated the University of Findlay with a graduate degree in Education, and is currently attending the Wright State/Miami University Social Work program, working towards her Masters Degree. Her internship with JFS is her first, and previously she was employed part-time at Antioch College as their coordinator for volunteers and alumni events. She also has experience working in Marketing and fundraising with the Special Wish Foundation. Rebecca began her internship with JFS on January 12. Rebecca is working on a grant with the Life Enrichment Center through

the Widows Home in East Dayton. There, she is assisting three workers to offer programs on education, health, nutrition, as well as recreational activities for residents within their community. At JFS, she is working with the professional staff on case management and introducing a Care Givers Support Group that will be held at Temple Israel, starting March 11. She is also learning more about the resources available in the greater Dayton community for finances, housing, and nutrition. Rebecca “has a love for seniors and hearing their stories.” And as she learns more about Dayton’s active Jewish community, she understands the need for individuals to be involved and to remain mentally and physically active. Rebecca and her husband are soon to be moving into their first home

Jewish Family Services Jewish Foundation ofof GREATER DAYTON GREATER DAYTON

here in Dayton. Please help me welcome Rebecca Fensler, Student Social Work Intern to the JFS family. MARY ANN HEMMERT, LISW-S JEWISH FAMILY SERVICES DIRECTOR


Do you enjoy helping others? Do you have some flexible time to spare in your hectic schedule? Do you remember when you, or someone you love could have used an extra “hand”? Think how wonderful that made you feel. Jewish Family Services has great opportunities to “pay it forward” and do a mitzvah at the same time! Volunteers play a vital role in helping our community members feel connected, especially those that may be unable to get out easily. Assistance is always needed with errand and accompaniment services, handyman services, and visiting members of our community. Many people benefit from these personal visits or telephone communication.

If interested in volunteering for Jewish Family Services, please contact Janice Kohn, Director of Connie Blum, Medicare Advisory Programming at 937-610-1772 or for complete volunteer information. Glenn Parks, recent honoree and 2012 Inductee into the Banjo Hall of Fame played a variety of songs for an enthused audience at the lunch program at Covenant Manor. (PHOTO BY CHERYL BENSON)

LIFE After a Loss

Holidays and special occasions that occur following the loss of a loved one can make us feel sad, depressed, and lonely. For many of us, the only way to begin to heal is to talk about our experiences in a safe, confidential, and non-judgmental environment. Our grieving program is designed to be both educational and offer guidance as well as offer emotional support. Group sessions will be an

hour long and have structured time along with time for open sharing by each participant. Sessions will take place at a private meeting room at Graeter’s Ice Cream, located in Oakwood. They will be offered for six weeks, and are scheduled to begin on Thursday, April 16 starting at 3:30PM. The group is free, however space is limited. Please register today by calling Karen Steiger at 937-610-1555 to reserve your spot.

Active Adults on the Go Monday, April 27 › The Kettering Show Choir 1PM @ Beth Jacob Synagogue Please join us for a Dine Around before the show at Frisch’s Englewood 1095 South Main Street at 11:30AM. No cost, RSVP 6101555. Events at Covenant Manor Tuesday, April 7 › Fraud Watch 12:30PM @ Covenant Manor Presented the AARP Watchdog Alert program and volunteer Ed Cokley. Tuesday, April 14 › Bingo 12:30PM @ Covenant Manor Friday, April 17 › Fresh Friday NOON @ Covenant Manor Enjoy a delicious home cooked meal prepared by Bernstein’s Fine Catering 12:30PM Musical Entertainment presented by Dennis Rotterman, Guitarist Tuesday, April 28 › Aging Well Through Social Connections 12:30PM @ Covenant Manor Presented by Lauren Williams, Brookdale Senior Living.



A Great Beginning: Shalom Baby & PJ Library

Jewish Foundation of GREATER DAYTON


Available to local youths planning to attend a Jewish residential camp program this summer. Completed applications are due March 27, 2015. Awards will be announced in May. If you would like additional information, or to request an application, please contact Alisa Thomas at or 937-6101796. Funding made possible through the Joan and Peter Wells Summer Camp Scholarship Fund and by a generous donation from Carole and Bernie Rabinowitz.


Available to Dayton area teens and young adults, ages 14-21, who plan to travel to Israel during the summer of 2015. Completed applications are due March 27, 2015. Awards will be announced in May. If you would like additional information, or to request an application, please contact Alisa Thomas at or 937-6101796. Funding made possible through the Wolfe

The 2015 year began with a unique celebration. On February 15th, fifteen of Dayton’s newest Jewish community members were honored at a Shayna Punim (Beautiful Face) Party. Parents enjoyed a delicious breakfast and the opportunity to meet other new parents in the community. After breakfast, the new babies were joined by PJ Library participants for a fun interactive concert, story, and playtime. It was a wonderful event. The room was full of smiles and laughter. For these tiny tots and their parents, the party provided child-friendly entertainment with a Jewish component, while offering the opportunity to connect with fellow Jewish community members. PJ Library is made possible through the generosity of Marcia and Ed Kress, and the Harold Grinspoon Foundation. Shalom Baby is funded by the Herta G. & Egon F. Wells and Marge Arnold Children’s Fund of the Jewish Foundation of Greater Dayton. Seeing an unconnected family meet other Jewish families; watching children embrace their Jewishness through story and song; observing parents developing and enriching friendships ~ all of these things may seem small in the grand scheme of things. But it is these little moments that highlight what we do. We help create connections among Jews. We strive to strengthen Jewish life. The work going on today ~ through fundraising efforts and planned giving ~ helps to reinforce the foundation established by previous generations. It ensures that we are able to continue to offer recreational, educational and enriching programs and opportunities to the Jewish community, now and in the future. By embracing our community from the beginning ~ from bopping to a children’s Jewish song to playing kickball with friends at camp; making memories at a BBYO convention or celebrating Shabbat with fellow YAD members ~ we nurture and develop the next generation into our future leaders and philanthropists.

Marcus Trust Youth Travel to Israel Scholarship Fund.


ANNUAL CAMPAIGN IN MEMORY OF › Herman Levitt › Bert Lieberman › Yale Holt › Marvin Kobel Carole and Bernard Rabinowitz CAROL J. PAVLOFSKY LEADERSHIP FUND IN MEMORY OF › Bill Greenblatt Marlene and David Miller LINDA RUCHMAN MEMORIAL FUND IN MEMORY OF › Rebecca Casey Eidemire Judy and Marshall Ruchman DOROTHY B. MOYER YOUNG LEADERSHIP FUND IN MEMORY OF › Bert Lieberman › Yahrzeit Memory of Sheila D. Moyer Janis and Bill Moyer Dodson JCC

EARLY CHILDHOOD IN MEMORY OF › David Michaels Pat Jones › Vasiliki Vlahos Jane and Dr. Gary Hochstein FAMILY SERVICES


Available to Jewish undergraduate and graduate students for the 2015/2016 academic year. Applicants must demonstrate both academic achievement and financial need. Completed applications are due March 27, 2015. Awards will be announced in May. If you would like additional information, or to request an application, please contact Alisa Thomas at or 937-6101796. Funding made possible through the Heuman Scholarship Fund.

Legacies, Tributes, & Memorials

FAMILY SERVICES IN MEMORY OF › Barbara Levine Jane and Dr. Gary Hochstein

Shalom Baby had an event on February 15 at Run Around Fun Town (in Kettering), and they were joined by PJ Library. Both programs had kids wiggling along to local musician Marc Rossio. The children also enjoyed a PJ book reading by Washington Centerville Public Library guest storyteller Charlette Jouan.


SENIOR SERVICES IN HONOR OF › Speedy recovery of Sarah Naomi Weiskind Rosalind and Fred Badiner Andi Rabiner Marilyn Scher Margy and Dr. Otis Hurst SPECIFIC ASSISTANCE IN HONOR OF › The kindness of Annette Fredenburgh › Rabbi Joshua Ginsberg’s many acts of Chesed Hyla and Dr. Raymond Weiskind IN MEMORY OF › Joan Samuels › John Fredenburgh Hyla and Dr. Raymond Weiskind

Wishing our friends in Dayton a Happy Passover.

CEDAR VILLAGE SERVICES • Cedar Village Home Care • Cedar Village Hospice • Cedar Village Rehabilitation Center • Driving Assessment Program • Independent/Assisted Living • Long Term Care

• Outpatient Therapy in Mason and Amberley • Shalom Center for Elder Abuse Prevention • Specialized Dementia Care • The Jewish Foundation of Cincinnati Aquatic Therapy Center

• VillageCare Clinical Home Health Geriatric/Wellness Assessment Home Assessment and Modification

Cedar Village is a nonprofit retirement community, located in Mason, Ohio.

Cedar Village Retirement Community | 5467 Cedar Village Drive, Mason, Ohio 45040 | Tel: 513.754.3100 | THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • APRIL 2015



Temple Beth Or Classes: Wednesdays, 6-9 p.m.: Israeli Folk Dancing w. Janifer Tsou. Wed., April 1, 7 p.m.: Men’s Circle w. Rabbi Burstein. Sun., April 5, 1 p.m.: Adult Hebrew w. Rabbi Chessin. Thurs., April 9, 1 p.m. Socrates Café. Sun., April 12, 10:30 a.m.: Tanach Study w. Rabbi Chessin. 5275 Marshall Rd., Wash. Twp. 4353400. Temple Israel Classes: Wednesdays, 10 a.m.: Lattes & Legends, Dorothy Lane Mkt., 6177 Far Hills Ave. Wednesdays, noon: Talmud study. Wednesdays, 5 p.m.: Advanced Beginner Hebrew w. Judy Heller. Saturdays, 9:30 a.m.: Torah study. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 496-0050.


Temple Israel Ryterband Lecture & Brunch Series: Sundays, 9:45-11:45 p.m. $5 each. April 12: Dr. Rachel Magdalene, UTS, The Woman of Endor. April 26: Rabbi Jan Katzew, HUC-JIR. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 496-0050.

JCC Speaker Series: Thurs., April 16, noon: Scam Prevention. Beth Jacob Congregation, 7020 N. Main St., Harrison Twp. R.S.V.P. to 6101555.

Young Adults



Chabad Women’s Circle: Sun., April 19, 10 a.m.: Torah & Tea Class. 2001 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood. For more info., call 643-0770. Beth Jacob Sisterhood: Tuesdays & Thursdays, 8:30 a.m. Let’s Walk Group. 7020 N. Main St., Harrison Twp. 2742149.


Chabad’s Kids in the Kosher Kitchen: Sun., April 19, 12:15-2 p.m. Monthly for ages 7-11. Free with CKids annual membership of $75. 2001 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood. R.S.V.P. to 643-0770.


JCC Teen Bowling: Thurs., April 9, 6:30-8 p.m. Poelking Lanes, 3200 Woodman Dr., Kettering. Grades 8-12. Call Yale Glinter, 610-1555.

Community Events

YAD Trivia Night: Tues., April 14, 7 p.m. Harrigan’s Tavern, 4070 Marshall Rd, Kettering. For details, call Ehud Borovoy, 610-1555. Tai Chi @ the CJCE: Tuesdays. Beginners 3:30-4:30 p.m. Advanced 4:45-5:45 p.m. First class free, then $5. 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. R.S.V.P. to 610-1555. Insanity Workout: w. Lauren Baumgarten. Mondays & Wednesdays, 5-6 p.m. First class is free, then $5. Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. R.S.V.P. to 6101555.


Jewish Family Services Events: See Federation newsletter in center spread.

JCC Film Fest

See complete schedule on Page 14.

Exceptional Care for Mom ...

Dayton Area Yom Hashoah Observance: Sun., April 12, 4 p.m. Max May Memorial Holocaust Art Contest exhibit opens at 3 p.m. Beth Abraham Synagogue, 305 Sugar Camp Cir., Oakwood. Call Jodi Phares, 610-1555. Retirement Dinner for Rabbi Sofian: Sun., April 19, 6 p.m. Temple Israel, 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. $50. R.S.V.P. online, Israel Independence Day Celebration: Thurs., April 23, 5:30-7:30 p.m. Sponsored by Jewish Federation and JCRC. Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. Call Jodi Phares, 610-1555. Beth Jacob Congregation Rabbi In Residence Weekend: w. Rabbi Adam Rosenthal. Fri. evening, April 24: Shabbat services followed by catered dinner. Sat., April 25, 9:30 a.m.: Shabbat services, followed by kiddush lunch, class. 7020 N. Main St., Dayton. For Friday night dinner R.S.V.P. and times, call 274-2149.


Chabad Community Seder: Fri., April 3, 8:15 p.m. 2001 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood. Adult $36, student $20, child $15. R.S.V.P. to Rabbi Levi Simon, 643-0770. Temple Israel Annual Second Seder: Sat., April 4, 6 p.m. $30 adult, $15 children 4-10, 3 and under free. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 496-0050. Temple Beth Or 31st Annual Passover Seder: Sat., April 4, 6:30 p.m. 5275 Marshall Rd., Wash. Twp. $23 adult members, $9 child members 3-12, $32 adult non-members, $12 child non-members. 435-3400. BBYO Teen Passover Fun: Wed., April 8, 6:30 p.m. 105 Sugar Camp Cir.. Grades 8-12. Food and traditions. Call Yale Glinter, 610-1555. YAD Passover Potluck Shabbat Dinner: Fri., April 10, 7 p.m. For details, call Ehud Borovoy, 610-1555.

“I know I can’t always be there for mom when she needs me, so Graceworks at Home has been a real blessing. Her caregiver Rebecca comes in a few hours a day, makes her bed, cooks her lunch and reminds her to take her medicine. She even brought in a nurse when mom was recovering from pneumonia last winter.” – Sharon, Centerville

Peace of Mind for Me.

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We make life better for everyone in your family. Learn more about our services today. (937)701-0603 • • PAGE 24



SUNDAY, MAY 3 Dayton Art Institute

» AN EVENING WITH KEYNOTE SPEAKER DAVID GREGORY David Gregory brings with him 25 years of unparalleled journalistic insight into today’s world which include 20 years with NBC News, where he led Meet the Press for almost 6 years. Gregory has honed a unique perspective, greatly influenced by his Jewish faith.

Don’t miss the Federation’s premier event! Enjoy an elegant dinner followed by Keynote Speaker David Gregory, and the kick-off of “100 Days of Tikkun Olam.” Dietary Laws Observed. SEATS LIMITED! MAKE YOUR RESERVATIONS NOW! R.S.V.P. TO ALISA THOMAS AT 610-1796.

For more information, contact Caryl Segalewitz at or 610-1555.

LUNCH & DISCUSSION TEEN ISRAEL ADVOCACY: WHERE DO YOU STAND? SUNDAY, MAY 3 @ 12:30 PM, BOONSHOFT CJCE Molly Rosen faced the BDS organization on the University of Michigan campus head-on, while pushing the pro-Israel movement forward in a campus community that was polarized by the global issue last summer. Come hear her story. Free lunch. Dietary Laws Observed.

R.S.V.P. by April 27 to Caryl Segalewitz, at 610-1555 or Ms. Rosen will make comments at the Presidents Dinner as well.




Transitions to freedom 

    


           

     

By Dasee Berkowitz, JTA Transitions are never easy. You decide to leave one place that is known to you for some unfamiliar territory. You don’t feel quite like yourself, and probably won’t for a while. You try to act like everything is fine even though you know that your whole life has just been upended. It will take time until things begin to fall into place — when you start to integrate the old you into your new identity, when you can trust that your life will make sense as you take this step into the unknown. And while we all might experience one or two of these major transitions in our lifetime (marriage, divorce, becoming a parent or moving to other cities), the transition for the ancient Israelites from slavery in Egypt to freedom was one of epic proportions. After suffering under the oppressive yoke of bondage, the promise of redemption was palpable. With God’s guiding hand and Moses in place to lead the way, the Israelites had their matzah and were ready to go. Their transition to new lives — from being slaves of Pharaoh in Egypt to servants of God — was set in motion. While the steps along the way may have been unsure and filled with trepidation — there’s nothing like the sound of Pharaoh’s army behind you and a sea that isn’t splitting before you to make you wonder if you made the right decision — the sea did split, and faith that everything would be OK won out. The biblical narrative that recounts the Exodus has power in the linear nature of its telling, but the way the rabbis of the Talmud ritualized that transition in the Passover Haggadah is anything but linear. They transformed the raw material of the Exodus story into an associative, sometimes disjointed pedagogical tool. And in this disjointed medium of the Haggadah is the message. Transitions are not a straightforward endeavor.


They are a process that can be meandering, confusing and rife with double meanings and complexities. How can our experiences of Passover shed light onto how we experience transitions in our own lives? Embrace complexity. Eat matzah The most ubiquitous symbol of Passover, matzah, is a conundrum. The bread of affliction reminds us of the hard bread the Israelites ate in servitude in Egypt. But it is also the food the Israelites baked on their departure. It’s the same substance (just flour and water), but the meaning of the bread changes based on how we relate to it. When we were passive recipients of the bread, it represented our affliction and reminded us of our identity as slaves, but when created with our own hands it represents the moment of our freedom. On Seder night we eat matzah and imbibe the two identities at the same time. We hold the complexity even as we celebrate freedom; we remember our harsh past. More than that, our past serves as a moral compass and guides us not to oppress the stranger. We remember what oppression felt like. When we go through a transition in our lives, we recognize that we don’t negate the past to embrace a new future. Our past grounds and guides us as we take steps toward a new identity. Ask the right questions The rabbis put questions and questioning at the center of the Haggadah’s telling. The nature of asking questions on Passover is in itself an act of freedom. The most powerless — the children — traditionally ask the Four Questions. The children ask questions that everyone is thinking but nobody else would dare to articulate. Only free people can ask, wonder and challenge. Being able to ask good questions connects us to the bigger picture



               

       


937.723.6135 PAGE 26

Wishing You A Happy Passover

M-Th: 7:30am-9pm F-Sa: 7:30am-10pm Sunday: Closed


RELIGION and opens doors to life’s possibilities. Transitions are overwhelming. And when you are going through one, sometimes all you want are the right answers. But the Haggadah teaches us to ask questions, even when it might feel frightening to do so. Our questions might range from the wise and rebellious to the simple, and sometimes we might find ourselves unable to ask. The questions that start with “why did I do this?” may lead to broader ones like “I wonder what awaits me on the other side?” Keep asking. Offer praise and thanks In the middle of the Haggadah, soon after the Dayenu song and right before we wash our hands to eat the matzah, there is a shortened Hallel (songs of praise). It is smack in the middle of the Haggadah. “Praise, O servants of the Lord, Praise the Lord’s name. May the Lord’s name be blessed now and forevermore.” We move away from the heady conversations about why we eat the pascal lamb, matzah and maror, and the meta-values that the Haggadah conveys with the line, “In every generation one is obligated to see oneself as if one had gone out of Egypt.” Instead we sing, dance and offer gratitude that we have made it this far. This short Hallel in the middle of the Seder reminds us how important it is to recognize milestones along the journey. When our tendency is to see how much farther we need to go, the Haggadah reminds us to recognize how far we have come, and to give thanks. Every day our lives are filled with transitions in small and big ways, from home to work and then back home again. Crises big and small happen at these threshold points: kids have breakdowns, adults feel anxiety. These feelings are real because they reflect that we are heading into unknown territory. In our daily lives we ritualize these moments — the goodbye kiss, the welcome home hug. And for our bigger transitions — changing careers, moving houses, leaving a marriage or deciding to have a child — the rituals become larger and more complex. As we approach each of these transitions, let us move from the narrow places, our personal Egypts, to a place as open and expansive as the desert.

For interfaith families, convergence of Pesach and Easter a delicate balancing act By Sean Savage, For a growing number of Jewish families, Passover has become not only a holiday that retells the age-old story of the Exodus from Egypt, but also a time of current conflict and compromise. According to the Pew Research Center’s A Portrait of Jewish Americans survey that was released in October 2013, 58 percent of Jews marry outside the faith, up from 46 percent in 1990 and 17 percent before 1970. Against that statistical backdrop, more and more Jewish families must work to accommodate non-Jews at the Seder table, or witness relatives attending Easter celebrations. This year, the first Seder of Passover falls on Good Friday, April 3. Easter Sunday coincides with the second day of Passover, April 5. “There’s a popular consciousness around the socalled December Dilemma (of interfaith families balancing Christmas and Chanukah), but for many families, Passover time is much more complicated,” says Lindsey Silken, editorial director at InterfaithFamily, a Boston-based national non-profit organization that provides such families with information and assistance. In a survey of people in interfaith relationships conducted by Silken’s organization, 99 percent of respondents said they plan to celebrate Passover. “We find that our resources

for Passover are the most sought-after pieces of holiday content that we create,” Silken says. “This is partly because Passover is an at-home holiday, so unlike the other major Jewish holidays — Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur — it’s up to you to lead the rituals and observances yourself, and this can feel overwhelming.” While observing Passover at home may be one of the reasons why it has one of the highest participation rates among Jews, it can also lead to greater dilemmas for interfaith families, such as the debate on whether or not to invite non-Jewish relatives and friends to the Seder. For Eric and Seder plate Jessica Boatright, an interfaith couple from Boston with two young daughters (ages 2 and 6), Passover is a delicate balancing act. “We try to have a more traditional Seder with Jessie’s (Jewish) family on the first night, and a more nontraditional Seder on the second night, where we invite both Jewish and non-Jewish friends and family to participate,” the Boatrights tell The Boatrights strive to make the Seder as comfortable as possible for non-Jewish guests. This may include explaining the holiday to them

Wishing You A Happy Passover.


5450 Far Hills Avenue Dayton, Ohio 45429 (937) 436-2866

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ahead of time, choosing a Haggadah with English translations and expanded commentary, and connecting the Exodus story to contemporary events. While the Boatrights maintain a Jewish home, Eric’s Christian family celebrates Easter. “We like to do something to mark Easter Sunday, since it is a special day in Eric’s family’s tradition, but it is not a religious observance for us,” they say. “When we can, we celebrate with some close friends who throw a really beautiful Easter brunch, or we just have a nice brunch at home for our family.” The Boatrights say another one of their Easter traditions is decorating eggs. “We also always decorate eggs, a tradition that we both grew up doing with our families,” they say. “The common egg decorating tradition is a celebration of our mothers’ shared love of crafting, and when we decorate we share stories about the tradition from our childhoods.” While Passover remembers the Jewish redemption from slavery in Egypt as recounted in the Book of Exodus, and Easter marks for Christians the death and resurrection of Jesus

as told in the Gospels, the holidays share a foundation rooted in the Judeo-Christian tradition — with a focus on family and eating together. That can help interfaith families find common ground. Additionally, for Christians — many of whom are familiar with the Exodus story from Hollywood movies like The Ten Commandments, or from Sunday school—Passover is a chance to explore the Jewish roots of their faith. For interfaith families, communication can be crucial. “One of the most important pieces of advice that our experts at InterfaithFamily give couples is to communicate ahead of time,” says InterfaithFamily’s Silken. “Whether (it is) regarding holidays, marriage, kids, etc., before it happens, talk to your loved ones.” She adds, “Figure out what your family’s non-negotiables and desires are for Passover and Easter several weeks before the holidays, and then come up with a plan for how to make that happen within the framework of your extended family’s observances.” In years during which Passover and Easter overlap — as is the case in 2015 — some interfaith families will need figure out how to celebrate Easter while keeping their homes kosher for Passover. “Know that you might not get your way on everything, which is why it’s important to consider what’s most important and what you could compromise on,” Silken says.

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Candle Lightings Shabbat, Erev Pesach April 3: 7:45 p.m. First Eve Pesach April 4: 8:44 p.m. Seventh Eve Pesach April 9: 7:51 p.m. Shabbat, Eighth Eve Pesach April 10: 7:52 p.m. Shabbat, April 17: 7:59 p.m. Shabbat, April 24: 8:06 p.m.

Torah Portions April 18/29 Nisan Shemini (Lev. 9:1-11:47) April 25/6 Iyar Tazria-Metzora (Lev. 12:1-15:33)

Pesach Passover April 4-11 15-22 Nisan Eight-day festival celebrating the Exodus of the Israelites from Egypt. Leavened bread products are not eaten. Yom Hashoah

Holocaust Remembrance Day April 16/27 Nisan Marked by memorials for those who perished in the Holocaust.

Yom Hazikaron

Israel Memorial Day April 22/3 Iyar Memorial Day for all who died serving Israel. Concludes with a siren blast as stars appear and Independence Day begins.

Yom Ha’atzmaut

Israel Independence Day April 23/4 Iyar Celebrated by Jews around the world. Israel celebrates with parades, singing, dancing and fireworks.




Pesach’s corn & beans conundrum

Beth Abraham Synagogue Conservative Rabbi Joshua Ginsberg Cantor/Dir. of Ed. & Programming Andrea Raizen Monday through Friday 6:50 a.m. & 5:30 p.m. Fri., 5:30 p.m. Sat. 9 a.m. Sundays at 8:30 a.m. 305 Sugar Camp Circle, Oakwood. 293-9520.

By Rabbi Judy Chessin Temple Beth Or, and Chair, Synagogue Forum of Dayton Remember the story of the East Coast rabbi who was invited to serve a Midwestern pulpit? On his very first Shabbat, a fight broke out among congregants who disagreed as to whether they should or should not stand during the Torah reading of The Ten Commandments. The baffled rabbi went to the founding president of the congregation to find out their original custom. “Mr. Levy,” the rabbi implored. “You must

Perspectives tell me, which is the correct custom for the congregation? When we read The Ten Commandments, the ones standing started screaming at the ones sitting, telling them to stand up; and the ones sitting started screaming at the ones standing up, telling them to sit down!” And the elderly Mr. Levy answered, “So nu? That is the custom.” While the story illustrates the passion aroused by congregational dissent, it might also hint at the differences of custom in Jewish observance based on geography. For it was the custom of Sephardic Jews (those who hailed from Spain, Portugal, North Africa and the Middle East) to sit during the reading of The Ten Commandments of the Torah, so as not to imply that any one part of the Torah was more important than another. Meanwhile, Jews from Ashkenazi countries (France, Germany and Eastern Europe) had the custom of standing during the reading of The Ten Commandments and to sit during all other readings.

A more well-known differPoland during the 13th century. ence between Ashkenazi and A more convincing answer Sephardi traditions regards might be that this was the very permissible foods on Passover. time that European farmers Traditionally, Sephardic Jews began the practice of crop rotaeat legumes (called kitniyot) tion. while Ashkenazi Jews do not. Previously, one in every The source of the three grain fields disagreement goes far would lie fallow for back into history. re-oxygenation. Now, Moses Maiit was discovered that monides, the preemiby planting rice, corn, nent Sephardic Jewish or beans in a grain philosopher, scholar field once every three and legal commentayears, it reinvigorated tor, taught that the the soil without losprohibition against ing a year of crops. chametz (leavened Thus, when reaping food) on Pesach apthe legumes of such a plies only to five spe- Rabbi Judy Chessin field, residual growth cies of grain: wheat, of grain was surely rye, barley, oats, and spelt. mixed in with the harvest. The However, kitniyot — rice, same bags were used for shipcorn, peanuts, millet, beans, ping these crops, and Eastern and lentils — do not become European Jews found chametz leavened and are therefore per- mixed in with their legumes. mitted. Likewise, Rabbi Joseph Thus, imported legumes had to Karo, a 16th-century Spanish be banned on Passover in Eastimmigrant to Israel, wrote in ern European communities. the Shulchan Aruch (the “Set In Israel today, Sephardic Table” code of Jewish law) that customs have become the eating of kitniyot was allowed norm. The Israeli population on Pesach. is now quite mixed, and while Rabbi Moshe there are some enclaves of Isserles of KraAshkenazi Jews there, most kow, Poland, on of Israel has become culturthe other hand, ally less European and more was the authorMiddle Eastern. Here in ity of Jewish law America however, our Eastern for Ashkenazi European roots run deep, and Jews. Isserles, there is often strong resistance also known as among even the most liberal the Rema, for his Jews to adding kitniyot to a initials, authored the Mapah, Passover diet. or the “Tablecloth,” which Other Jews, less attached to covered the “Set Table” of the bubbie or zaydie’s customs, Sephardic Karo’s Shulchan might instead pick and choose Aruch. their traditions and observancThe Mapah often noted cases es, and even opt for a vegan or where Sephardic and Ashkegluten-free diet over Passover. nazic cases differed. And the So, Sant-il-Khadra (Iraqi Jews’ Rema forbade the consumption expression for a year of good of kitniyot on Passover for all fortune), A Zisn Pesach (YidAshkenazic Jewry. dish for a sweet Pesach), Chag Why the ban? While it is Sameach (Hebrew for Happy often answered that kitniyot Holiday), or Happy Passover can look like chametz, this does — no matter how you say it, not solve why legumes only observe it, or eat it, may your became banned in France and holiday be blessed.

The source of the disagreement goes far back into history.

Is your son or daughter graduating from high school this year? The Observer is happy to offer you a FREE announcement, including a photo, in our June graduation issue. To receive a form for this free announcement, contact Karen Steiger at 853-0372 or All forms must be received by May 1.

Beth Jacob Congregation Traditional Saturdays 9:30 a.m., Sundays 8 a.m., Sunday through Friday, 7 p.m. 7020 N. Main St., Dayton. 274-2149. Temple Anshe Emeth Reform Fri., Apr. 24, 7:30 p.m. led by Rabbinic Intern Tina Sobo. 320 Caldwell St., Piqua. Call Eileen Litchfield, 937-5470092, Correspondence address: 3808 Beanblossom Rd., Greenville, OH 45331. Temple Beth Or Reform Rabbi Judy Chessin Asst. Rabbi/Educator David Burstein Fridays 7:30 p.m. Tot Shabbat 4th Friday, 5:30 p.m. Saturdays 10 a.m. 5275 Marshall Rd., Wash. Twp. 435-3400. Temple Beth Sholom Reform Rabbi Haviva Horvitz See Web site for schedule. 610 Gladys Dr., Middletown. 513-422-8313. Temple Israel Reform Rabbi David M. Sofian Rabbi/Educator Karen Bodney-Halasz 1st & 2nd Fri., 6 p.m. Other Fri., 7:30 p.m. Tot Shabbat 4th Fri., 6 p.m. Sat., 10:30 a.m. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 496-0050. Temple Sholom Reform Fridays 6 p.m. 2424 N. Limestone St., Springfield. 399-1231.

ADDITIONAL SERVICES Chabad of Greater Dayton Rabbi Nochum Mangel Associate Rabbi Shmuel Klatzkin Youth & Prog. Dir. Rabbi Levi Simon, Teen & Young Adult Prog. Dir. Rabbi Hershel Spalter. Beginner educational service Saturdays 9 a.m. adults, 10 a.m children. Sundays 9 a.m. Tuesdays & Wednesdays. 6:45 a.m. 2001 Far Hills Ave. 643-0770. Yellow Springs Havurah Independent Services 1st & 3rd Saturdays, 10-noon. Antioch College Rockford Chapel. Contact Cheryl Levine, 937-767-9293.



Clergy couple’s vegetarian Seder menu The Dayton Jewish Observer Vegetarian food brought Cantor Jenna Greenberg and Rabbi Josh Ginsberg together. The two met as students at the Jewish Theological Seminary in New York, when a classmate organized a singles dinner at a kosher vegetarian restaurant in Chinatown. Greenberg had become a vegetarian in her teens, Ginsberg in his 20s. Now married, the two settled in Dayton two years ago. Ginsberg is the rabbi at Beth Abraham Synagogue, Dayton’s only Conservative congregation, while Greenberg leads the music program at Hillel Academy Jewish day school and teaches high school Judaic classes at the Miami Valley School, a nondenominational private prep school. Ginsberg says he neither encourages his congregants to become vegetarians nor discourages them from eating meat. “People know I’m a vegetarian, but I don’t engage in proselytizing vegetarianism,” he says. “Jewish tradition allows that one can eat meat. I really applaud the trend of some who are trying to create ethical, eco-kashrut and small-scale slaughtering, where animals are fed a better diet and treated better.” A few times a year, Greenberg and Ginsberg have prepared vegetarian entrées alongside meat dishes for Shabbat dinners at the synagogue. They’ve received rave reviews from congregants, many of whom hadn’t tried tofu as a meat substitute before. At home, they turn out creative vegetarian meals for their sons — ages 7, 5, and eight months. Jenna says their recipes come from experimentation, some guidance from cookbooks and online recipes, along with suggestions from friends and family. Here, they offer a kosher-for-Passover Seder menu that suits their fastpaced, vegetarian lifestyle — and keeps their boys happy. All recipes yield eight to 10 servings. — Marshall Weiss Roman Soup with Passover Dumplings This tasty spring alternative to the traditional matzah ball soup was created by the couple’s friend, Susan K. Finston (author of Dining in the Garden of Eden). Soup 3-4 Tbsp. of extra-virgin olive oil or other vegetable oil 1 small onion, chopped 1 medium carrot, small dice 1 celery stalk, chopped 6 cups chopped mixed greens: Swiss chard, spinach, kale, butter lettuce, Savoy cabbage or other seasonally available greens 6 cups vegetable broth or water salt and pepper to taste Parmesan cheese

Marshall Weiss

Reserve: 1/4 cup grated Parmesan cheese Peel, boil and mash potatoes. Add remaining ingredients to create the gnocchi dough, adding additional potato starch in case the dough is too sticky. Fill a four- to six-quart pot with cold water and bring water to a boil. While the water is heating, form small patties out of the gnocchi and then carefully slide them one at a time into the boiling water. When the gnocchi rise to the top of the pot, they are ready — use a slotted spoon to remove them from the pot and place them in an oiled baking dish. Sprinkle with the Parmesan cheese and bake at 375 degrees for 10 to 15 minutes to melt the cheese. Tomato Sauce for Gnocchi 2-3 Tbsp. extra-virgin olive oil or other cooking oil 1/2 cup chopped onion 1-2 cloves of garlic, finely chopped 1/4 cup of parsley, chopped 1 bay leaf 1 26 oz. jar crushed or stewed tomatoes 1 small can tomato paste

Cantor Jenna Greenberg and Rabbi Josh Ginsberg

Heat oil in sauté pan, add onion and garlic and cook on low heat until translucent. Add parsley, bay leaf, tomatoes and tomato paste. Bring to a low boil and then turn heat down and simmer for 20-30 minutes.

Sauté chopped onion in oil until olive oil. translucent over medium-low heat. Add carrot and celery and cook until Caprese Salad vegetables are softened, stirring occaThis preface to the main course tastes sionally. best when the tomatoes are ripe and Stir in six cups of mixed chopped sweet, and the basil is very fresh. greens (described above). When vegetables are wilted, add soup stock. 2 lbs. vine-ripened tomatoes (about Bring to a boil and then simmer for 4 large), sliced 1/4 inch thick 45 minutes. Add salt and pepper to 1 lb. fresh mozzarella, sliced 1/4 taste. inch thick Add one to two 1/4 cup packed fresh basil Here, they tablespoons of Passover 3 to 4 Tbsp. extra-virgin dumplings per serving. offer a menu olive oil Serve with fresh grated sea salt to taste that suits their fine Parmesan cheese. freshly ground black pepper to taste fast-paced, Passover Soup Dumplings vegetarian 2 cups mashed On a large platter, potatoes lifestyle — and arrange tomato and 2 eggs, lightly beaten mozzarella slices and 1/4 cup Passover cake keeps their basil leaves, alternating meal and overlapping them. boys happy. Optional: 1 Tbsp. Sprinkle salad with finely chopped parsley oregano and arugula, and drizzle with or basil oil. Season salad with salt and pepper. Reserve: 1-2 tsp. of extra-virgin olive oil Potato Spinach Gnocchi This delicious dish, also from Susan K. Mix all ingredients, adding addiFinston, is a creative pasta alternative. tional cake meal to form a dough that is pliable and not too sticky. Gnocchi Bring water to a boil in a two- to 2 lbs. potatoes three-quart pot. 11/2 cups potato starch Form small balls out of the dough 1 egg, lightly beaten and carefully slide them into the water 2 tsp. salt to bring them to a boil. 1 lb. cooked, finely chopped spinach Use a slotted spoon to remove the (frozen or fresh) dumplings from the pot as they rise to 1/2 tsp. nutmeg the top and transfer to a container, addOptional: 1 cup ricotta cheese for ing one to two teaspoons of extra-virgin richer gnocchi


Eggplant Parmesan This is a favorite dish year-round, even with matzah meal as the breading. 2 large eggplants, sliced lengthwise into 1/2-inch-thick pieces salt, for sweating eggplants 4 eggs, beaten with a fork 3 cups matzah meal 4 Tbsp. extra-virgin olive oil 1 26 oz. jar pasta sauce (any variety) 1 cup shredded mozzarella cheese 1/2 cup shredded Parmesan cheese Preheat oven to 350. Sweat eggplant slices, sprinkling salt, allowing time for the moisture to come out; rinse and wipe the eggplant slices. Coat eggplant slices with beaten egg, then bread with matzah meal. Sauté coated eggplant slices in oil until lightly brown on both sides. In a 9-X-11 ovenproof dish, layer pasta sauce, then eggplant and top with cheeses. Repeat, finishing with cheese. Bake until the cheese melts and turns golden in spots, about 30 minutes. Mushroom Quinoa Pilaf A hearty side dish for mushroom lovers that can be served warm or cold. 1 cup red, black, or mixed quinoa Continued on next page



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Vegetarian Seder Continued from previous page 2 cups water vegetable soup broth or salt to taste medley of 3 varieties of fresh mushrooms: portabella, cremini, white mushrooms olive oil for cooking splash of balsamic vinegar 4 cloves of garlic, minced or pressed Rinse quinoa. Sauté quinoa in nonstick pan for five minutes, tossing regularly to avoid burning. Combine quinoa with water and broth in a medium saucepan. Bring to a boil. Cover, reduce heat to low, and simmer until quinoa is tender, about 15 minutes. Set aside. Heat the olive oil in a medium saucepan, add the garlic. Once the garlic is lightly browned, add the mushrooms and balsamic vinegar. Sauté until the mushrooms are well cooked. Toss the sautéed mushrooms in with the quinoa and serve. Melon Salad This simple tossing of freshly diced ripe melons is inspired by the couple’s cantaloupe-and honeydew-loving sons. 1 honeydew 1 cantaloupe Dice the melons and toss together!

Rabbi Josh Ginsberg and Cantor Jenna Greenberg in the kitchen at Dayton’s Beth Abraham Synagogue

Lora Brody’s Bête Noir Inspired by the taste buds and baking artistry of the couple’s mothers, Linda Greenberg and Tina Strauss-Hoder. 1 1/3 cups superfine sugar 1/2 cup water 8 oz. unsweetened chocolate, chopped 4 oz. bittersweet chocolate, chopped 2 sticks unsalted butter at room temperature, cut into 10 chunks 6 large eggs, room temperature Preheat oven to 350. Grease a 9-inch round cake pan, line with parchment, lightly greased. Have a larger roasting pan available for a Bain-marie

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(a container holding hot water into which a pan is placed for slow cooking). In a medium saucepan, place one cup of sugar and four ounces of water in it. Heat to boil stirring to dissolve the sugar. Remove the pan from its heat source, melt the chocolate in the hot syrup, stirring to melt. Add the chunks of butter, stirring each chunk in before adding another. Beat eggs together with an electric beater until foamy and thickened. Stir eggs into cooled chocolate mixture, stirring until combined. Pour batter into prepared pan. Place a roasting pan on the middle oven rack, placing the cake in the middle of the roasting pan. Pour hot tap water into the roasting pan to a depth of one inch along the outside of the cake pan. Avoid splashing water on the cake batter. Gently push pan into the oven. Bake for 30 minutes. Remove the cake pan and cool cake. When ready to serve, run a butter knife along the edge of the cake. Unmold the cake onto serving plate. Chill. May be made one day ahead.

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Upscale Seder creativity Some of us associate a certain measure of austerity with Passover. Just as our people were commanded to eat unleavened bread after escaping from slavery in Egypt, we forgo bread and other leavened products in favor of matzah for a week. Even so, restaurant chefs, cookbook authors, and home cooks embrace the idea that cooking on Passover does not need to be inherently bland — and can even be upscale. “The purpose of Passover is to celebrate our freedom from slavery in Egypt. Eating unleavened bread/matzah is due to the haste in which we left. But by no means is the purpose of Passover to remember the lack of normal food,” says Joy of Kosher cookbook author Jamie Geller. “As with all celebrations, we mark this momentous life-altering, sea-splitting event in our history with food, family and prayer,” she adds. Joy of Kosher with Jamie Geller magazine and joyofkosher. com staff members and Geller herself “stretch, and flex, and exercise our culinary muscles each and every year coming up with new, creative, inspired, and easy recipes and menus to make this Passover the most delicious, enjoyable, memorable holiday ever,” Geller says. Salmon Cakes with Tropical Fruit Salsa Croquettes are cute and elegant for your starter course. They’re also wonderfully light and refreshing. The tropical salsa is a combination of fresh pineapple, mango, red onion, jalapeno, cilantro, and lime juice — the perfect complement to the richness of the salmon. The balance of sweet and savory flavors instantly pleases the palate. This is a starter with zing.

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Cook Time: 45 minutes Ready Time: 1 hour Servings: 10 cakes Ingredients for cakes: 1 (2-lb.) side of salmon, skin on 1/2 cup red onion, diced 2 Tbsp. matzah meal 2 large eggs, lightly beaten 1 tsp. kosher salt Freshly ground black pepper 4 Tbsp. olive oil Ingredients for salsa: 1 cup diced pineapple 1/2 cup diced mango 1/2 cup diced red onion 2 Tbsp. chopped cilantro 1/2 jalapeno, seeded and finely chopped Juice of 1 lime 1/2 tsp. kosher salt 1. Preheat oven to 350 and lightly grease a large baking sheet. Bake salmon skin side

down for 25 to 30 minutes or until cooked all the way through. Let cool completely. 2. Once salmon is cooled, gently flake away from the skin and break into large chunks. Place in a large bowl and combine with eggs, red onion, matzah meal, salt and pepper. Stir to mix well. Scoop about 1/3 cup at a time into your hands and form into a round patty about 1/4-inch thick. Place on a sheet pan and repeat with remaining mixture until you have formed 10 cakes. Refrigerate for 30 minutes. 3. Meanwhile, in a medium bowl, combine pineapple, mango, red onion, cilantro, jalapeno, lime juice, and salt. Mix well and set aside. 4. Heat olive oil in a large skillet over medium high heat. Fry five cakes at a time for about five to eight minutes per Continued on next page

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Prep Time: 15 minutes Joy of Kosher with Jamie Geller

Salmon Cakes with Tropical Fruit Salsa

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Seder creativity

large sauté pan over mediumhigh heat. Fry the eggplant in batches until golden on both sides; remove and drain on paper towels.

Continued from previous page side or until golden brown and crispy. Drain on a paper towel lined plate while frying remaining cakes. To serve, top each cake with a few tablespoons of salsa.

To Assemble the Eggplant Stacks: 4. Lightly grease the bottom of a 9-X-13 inch pan. Cover the bottom with a thin layer of sauce. Place one layer of eggplant, top with sauce, top with eggplant, and top with sauce Eggplant Tomato Stacks again. These individual eggplant 5. Bake covered for 20 minstacks are as beautiful as they are versatile — add ground beef utes. 6. Garnish with fresh to make them heartier. chopped parsley. Dress It Up: For a quick and Prep Time: 25 minutes elegant time saver, warm sauce Cook Time: 20 minutes and pre-plate individual stacks. Ready Time: 45 minutes Servings: 6 1 large, long eggplant, peeled and sliced lengthwise into 1/2-inch slices 2 eggs, beaten 1/2 cup fine matzah meal or potato starch seasoned with dried parsley, salt and pepper Vegetable, walnut or hazelnut oil for frying 3 cups marinara sauce Fresh chopped parsley, for garnish 1. Preheat oven to 375. 2. Dip the eggplant slices in egg and then in the seasoned matzah meal. 3. Heat 1/4 inch of oil in a

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Alternate two or three layers of eggplant and sauce and garnish with fresh herbs. Homemade Marinara Sauce to go with the stacks: Prep Time: 20 minutes Cook Time: 25 minutes Ready Time: 45 minutes Servings: 3 cups 2 Tbsp. olive oil 1 tsp. dried oregano 2 bay leaves Kosher salt Fresh cracked black pepper 1 onion, finely chopped 3-4 garlic cloves, finely chopped 5 ripe tomatoes, chopped 1 Tbsp. tomato paste 2 cups water

Joy of Kosher with Jamie Geller

Eggplant Tomato Stacks

1. Heat the olive oil on a medium-high flame in a medium stock pot and then add the oregano, bay leaves, salt, and pepper. Give a few good stirs to release the flavors of the spices. 2. Add the onions and garlic and sauté for three to four minutes or until translucent. Add the chopped tomatoes and cook down for another five minutes or until they start to fall apart. Add the tomato purée and the water,


from slavery this Passover! ‘Be a guest in your own home!’

Joy of Kosher with Jamie Geller

and cook over a medium flame for 20 minutes. Season to taste with salt and pepper.

Grilled Ribeye with Crispy Parsnips Ribeye is one of the most popular, juiciest, expensive steaks on the market. This cut is more marbled than others, which makes the steak especially tender and flavorful. Chocolate-Mango Ganache Truffles Crispy parsnips are the perfect, Servings: 36 truffles slightly sweet alternative to French fries. 14 oz. bittersweet chocolate (at least 70 percent cacao) Prep Time: 15 minutes 1 cup mango purée (I prefer Cook Time: 30 minutes Ceres brand) Ready Time: 45 minutes 2 egg yolks Servings: 6 1 vanilla bean, scraped 8 medium parsnips, peeled 4 cups olive oil 6 rib eye steaks, 1-inch thick, room temperature (6-8 oz. each) Kosher salt Freshly ground black pepper 1. Using a peeler, peel parsnips into thin strips until you cannot peel anymore of the parsnip. 2. Heat oil over medium high heat. Fry parsnips in batches for two to three minutes or until golden brown. Remove and let drain on paper towels and sprinkle with salt. Repeat until all parsnips are fried. 3. Heat grill pan over high heat. Season steaks liberally with salt and pepper and grill for four to five minutes per side for medium rare preparation. Let rest five minutes before serving or slicing. Chocolate-Mango Ganache Truffles A classic ganache has cream and butter in it, but this one is parve and works well for cake fillings, frosting, and truffles.

1. In a small saucepan over low heat, melt the chocolate with the mango purée, being careful not to burn the chocolate. Cool slightly. 2. In the bowl of a stand mixer fitted with a whisk attachment, whisk the egg yolks and vanilla bean on high speed to a ribbon stage. (When the whisk is lifted, the mixture falls back into the bowl, forming a ribbon-like pattern on the surface). Turn the mixer speed down and pour the chocolate mixture into the eggs. Scrape down the bowl and return the mixer to high speed. Whip the chocolate ganache until it has completely cooled and is fluffy (about five minutes). The ganache can be stored, covered with parchment or plastic on the surface, in the refrigerator for up to one week or frozen for up to one month. 3. To roll the ganache into truffles, chill overnight. Scoop a small amount with an ice cream scooper and roll between your hands gently. Roll the truffle into cocoa powder or chopped nuts or dip it into melted chocolate. Store the truffles in the refrigerator for up to one week.

Alan & Elyse Berg 1130 E. Dixie Ave., West Carrollton, OH 45449 PAGE 32

Wishing the community a Happy Passover THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • APRIL 2015


Do-it-yourself Haggadahs Passover is quickly approaching and that means pretty soon you’ll be reaching into a familiar drawer to pull out a stack of well-worn and slightly wine-stained Haggadahs. Nothing will ever replace those Haggadahs and their special memories. But if you spend a few minutes online, you can customize your own Haggadah with commentary and clear how-to instructions that will impress friends and family at the Seder.

Mark Mietkiewicz Rabbi Barry Dov Lerner provides three reasons to create a do-it-yourself Haggadah: • Customize them for the two Seder nights which often have different participants, skills and interests. • Enjoy them and then give them away as a souvenir for Seder guests. • Use them to inspire intergenerational learning for grandparents, parents and children. Lerner has created several Haggadahs that can be printed and combined. Some contain the entire bilingual text of the Seder, others have highlights only. And then there’s the World’s Largest Seder Songbook, with all the traditional titles, as well as more than 100 contemporary tunes such as There’s No Seder Like Our Seder. First, download the instructions for creating a do-it-yourself Haggadah at haga1. Then go to this page for all the links: allows you to mix and match with hundreds of “clips” to create your personalized Haggadah. As the site explains, “Pieces from a Feminist Reconstructionist version may co-exist with selections from a Haggadah from the 1500s. A family of Ashkenazi and Sephardi Jews can include both traditions in one Haggadah. A family separated by distance may collaborate online to create a shared Haggadah for their separate Seders. Families may also access their folder over the years to track their changing history.

Jews everywhere will understand that, whatever their background, they have a place at the global Seder table.” When you’re done, add some commentary and a song or two, then print your own Haggadah. And if you have a favorite custom or insight you’d like to share, you are encouraged to contribute it to the site ( Now that you have the basics, you can get really creative. There are several sites that offer the Haggadah text in its entirety. Take a look at these Haggadahs and see if you’d like to incorporate them into yours. Chabad’s Haggadah has clear step-by-step instructions in English. Or you can download another file that contains the entire Hebrew text of the Haggadah,with Hebrew instructions ( haga20). Unfortunately, Chabad doesn’t offer a bilingual Haggadah online, but does: Hebrew and English side-by-side with clear instructions based on the Mishneh Torah ( Several classic Haggadahs have been scanned in their entirety and can be downloaded and printed out at the Torah on the Net site ( I particularly like the 1920 Hebrew-only edition that is “Arranged by J.D. Eisenstein” and “Illustrated by LOLA” with graphics that now have a decidedly retro flavor. You may want to limit your printing to the first 55 pages; it’s followed by 300 pages of commentary ( A bit less traditional but very wonderful site is Uncle Eli’s Special-for-Kids Most Fun Ever Under-the-Table Passover Haggadah. Written in the style of Dr. Seuss, Uncle Eli retells the Haggadah in a familiar yet unique way: “Why is it only on Passover night we never know how to do anything right? We don’t eat our meals in the regular ways, the ways that we do on all other days… Cause on all other nights we

may eat all kinds of wonderful good bready treats like big purple pizza that tastes like a pickle, crumbly crackers and pink pumpernickel… Yes — on all other nights we eat all kinds of bread, but tonight of all nights we munch matzah instead (bit. ly/haga27).” And if you’re planning to lead a Seder this year and need a bit of help with your Hebrew pronunciation or want to brush up on a tune, the Virtual Cantor is at your service. Actually, you’re at his service. The cantor — also known as Josh Sharfman — has recorded the entire traditional Haggadah and put it online so that you can listen to it anytime. The Seder has been divided into 40 parts (e.g. Dayenu, Fourth Cup, Chad Gadya, etc.) so that you can easily jump to any part of the Haggadah. Listen online or download them onto your iPhone and review them anywhere (

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Misim, taxes If it’s April, we can’t forget that taxes are due soon. Never mind that we are entering the time of sfirat haomer, the counting of days between Pesach and Shavuot. For many of us, counting the days until April 15 is at the center of concern. To alleviate the stress, let us look at the words for taxes in Hebrew.

Dr. Rachel Zohar Dulin

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In the Bible, there are a few words which refer to taxes. For example, maaser (tithe), maset (gift), mincha (offering), and meckes (levy) all indicate that collecting taxes from the people was a practice imposed on the population from the very early days of history in order to carry the tasks of the state or to fill up the coffers of conquering forces. From the biblical narrative, it is not clear how taxes were collected in Israel. However, we do know that the kings had special officers in the court

it indicates that forced labor, as tax, was a practice imposed on the population by either the ruling kings or by a conquering force. This kind of taxation was called maas oved, laborer tax. It is not clear when maas (misim in plural) received its modern meaning of taxation and fees imposed by governmental authorities. The list of these misim is long. Maas hacknasah is income tax, maas nesiot is travel tax, and maas motarot means luxury tax, and so it goes. It becomes clear that each responsible for collecting taxes. one of us is a meshalem misim, And archeological findings payer of taxes, but some of us support the assertion that there were systematic lists and are paturim mimaas, exempt measurements pertaining to the from tax. I must mention the Hebrew collection of taxes. phrase maas sephatayim literally To wit, jars found in Israel meaning lips tax, figuratively, with the inscription lamelech, literally to the king, presuppose lip service. It is interesting that in Hethat agricultural produce such as oil or wine were collected in brew the insincere words of compliance are rooted in taxathese containers designated as tion. I hope none of us will ever taxes for the king. An interesting biblical word need to pay this maas and may the misim we are paying be put in this context is maas. In most cases maas means forced labor. to good use. It is close to the Aramaic misa Dr. Rachel Zohar Dulin is a and the Egyptian ms meaning professor of biblical literature at to bring or sacrifice. The word Spertus College in Chicago and appears 23 times in the Bible. In a few places, maas means an adjunct professor of Bible and monetary tax, but in most cases Hebrew at New College of Florida.

Is your son or daughter graduating from high school this year? The Observer is happy to offer you a FREE announcement, including a photo, in our June graduation issue. To receive a form for this free announcement, contact Karen Steiger at 853-0372 or All forms must be received by May 1.

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OBITUARIES Jerald “Jerry” Mayerson, 85, a longtime resident of Dayton, passed away on March 6 in Boca Raton, surrounded by his loving family. Mr. Mayerson was born in Dayton on Sept. 3, 1929. He attended The Ohio State University, where he was a member of Sigma Alpha Mu fraternity. He served in the armed forces during the Korean War. Mr. Mayerson was a wellrespected real-estate developer for many years, and with his longtime business partner, Allan Rinzler, developed many commercial spaces, shopping centers, office buildings, highend residential developments, and historical redevelopment projects. In Dayton, Mr. Mayerson was a member of the Dayton Standard Club, Meadowbrook County Club (where he served as president), B’nai B’rith, Temple Israel, and Beth Jacob Congregation. He was predeceased by his parents, Jacob and Mollie Mayerson, sister Pearl Wool, and brother Manuel Mayerson, all of Dayton. He is survived by his beloved wife of 60 years, Gail. He is survived also by his brother Melvin (Elaine) of Dayton, and by his three sons: Mickey of Los Angeles, and his children Jordan and Madeline and their mother, Jessica; his son Rick of San Mateo, Calif., and his wife, Joy, and their sons, Eli and Jared; and Marc of Washington, D.C., and his wife Anne and their sons, Aaron, Asher and Noah. Donations may be made in Mr. Mayerson’s memory to The Parkinson’s National Foundation of South Palm Beach County, P.O. Box 880145, Boca Raton, FL 33488. He will be missed by his family and friends. His courageous, uncomplaining battle against Parkinson’s over 22 years was an inspiration for all. He kept living as well as he could for as long as he could.


this week’s Jewish news with Radio Reading Service Goodwill Easter Seals Miami Valley Radio Reading Service provides audio access to print media for those unable to read on their own.

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As we celebrate freedom, may all people gain freedom

Warm Passover Greetings from

Our warmest wishes for a joyous Passover

Judith & Fred Weber

Our warm wishes for a joyous Passover

A sweet and joyous Passover

We wish the Dayton Jewish community a very happy Passover Ava, Edward & Jordan Mendelson

A sweet and joyous Passover Diane Rubin Williams & Ralph Williams

Happy Passover

Wishing the Dayton Jewish community a very happy Passover

Roberta & Ed Zawatsky Best wishes to all for a Happy Passover Cathy Gardner

Frieda Blum

Cantor Andrea Raizen

Warm Passover greetings from

Our warmest wishes for a joyous Passover

Best wishes to all for a Happy Passover

The Mendelson Family

Dena & Larry Briskin

The Segalewitz Family

Happy Passover

Howard, Judy, Daniel, Pam, Michael, Scott, Ellison, Oliver & Henry Abromowitz, Brent, Jill, Daria & Tzipora Gutman

A sweet and joyous Passover

Warm Passover greetings from

Fred & Ruth Scheuer

Cantor & Mrs. Jerome B. Kopmar

Elaine & Joe Bettman

A sweet and joyous Passover

Our warmest wishes for a joyous Passover

Happy Passover

Stein & Sobol, M.D.

Julie, Adam, Noah, Zoe & Oscar Waldman

Michael & Connie Bank

Best wishes to all for a Happy Passover

Our warmest wishes for a joyous Passover

Jeff & Cathy Startzman

Mr. & Mrs. Jeffrey Gordon

A sweet and joyous Passover

A sweet and joyous Passover

Jackie & Stan Schear

Sid & Babs Miller

We wish the Dayton Jewish community a very happy Passover

Best wishes to all for a Happy Passover

Warm Passover greetings from Ron & Shirlee Gilbert

The Weiss Family

A sweet and joyous Passover

Best wishes to all for a Happy Passover

Lynn Foster

Heath, Rachel, Avi, Chava & Zeke Gilbert

Our warmest wishes for a joyous Passover

Best wishes to all for a Happy Passover

Best wishes to all for a Happy Passover

Ed & Marcia Kress

Bea Harris & Family

Felix & Erika Garfunkel

Warm Passover greetings from The Wagenfeld Family

Our warmest wishes for a joyous Passover

Best wishes to all for a Happy Passover Mrs. Evelyn Ostreicher


Dr. & Mrs. Stephen Harlan

Ken & Gwen K.W. Baker & Assoc.

Jay, Michele, Hannah & Jonah Dritz

Robert & Vicky Heuman


JEWISH FAMILY EDUCATION denotes a citizen, Jewish or not, be a Jew. charities, prefer ethnic foods, or According to a religious defi- celebrate some Jewish holidays of the modern state of Israel. After the death of King Solo- nition, Jewishness is identifiable without religious trappings. mon, his kingdom split into two by one’s ideas and resultant For today’s cultural Jews, — Israel in the north and Judah practices, but not by one’s Jewishness can be expressed beliefs. in the south. through various secular purJudah was named for the suits informed by Jewish values Christ in behavior, activity and During a book discussion Culture dominant tribe in the southern and ideas. that raised questions about Jew- speech. Many Jews are characterized kingdom. Neither nationhood, ancestry, A lesser-known, exclusionish history, rituals, and beliefs, by their celebration of long-held religion, nor culture alone adThe word Jew (Yehudi) came ary view defines a Christian one of the Christian attendees customs, cultural traditions, to describe anyone from Judah equately answers the question as a member of any of certain said to me, “Thank you so and ethical principles sepaof who is a Jew. Perhaps that is Protestant churches: a rejection (Yehudah). much for your comments. I’ve rated from religious belief and When Israel was decimated, why, confusing as it is, Judaism of Catholics, Mormons, and met Jewish people before, but practice. the Judahites (Yehudim) in the embraces all Jews as part of the Jehovah’s Witnesses as follownot a real Jew!” These Jews may light candles family. remaining kingdom, their deers of “the true Christ.” This perception that a “real Other exclusionary views as- scendants who shared a history on Friday night or might avoid Jew” is a practicing, knowledgeable Jew is not uncommon. sert that a particular denomina- — and all the later adherents to pork products in keeping with family traditions. their culture, language, tradiCandace R. Kwiatek is a recipient tion is the only valid faith, that They may be Zionists who tions, and aspirations — were of an American Jewish Press more liberal churches are not Level Sponsor by definition Yehudim or Jews, politically and financially supAssociation First Place Award for truly Christian, or that individ- Platinum port the Jewish state, or modern Excellence in Commentary, and although Israelites or Hebrews Candace R. uals who don’t act Christ-like Bernard & Carole Rabinowitz Philanthropic Fund of the JFGD were the more commonly used Israelis who build, protect, and an Ohio Society of Professional aren’t true Christians. CareSource Kwiatek live in the Jewish homeland. Journalists First Place Award for While the denominations Eddie & Susie Katz terms until modern times. They may donate to Jewish When viewed through the Best Religion/Values Coverage. disagree about a definition of lens of nationhood, Jewishness Christian, at the core of all verGold Level Sponsor means identification with a bibsions is belief in the centrality Jews and Christians both lical people and its heritage. practice, have misconceptions about one of Jesus to one’s faith, Burhill Leasing Corp. and salvation. another’s identity. Each group Eddie & Susie Katz Thus, Chris- Neither Ancestry tends to define the other from Patti & Lee Schear The Dayton Power and Light Company tians underA Jew is a its own point of view instead nationhood, standably person born to of learning the other’s selfconclude that a ancestry, Silver a Jewish mother definition. Level Sponsors religion or converted “We assume that what is true Jew must be a culture believer of “the nor by Jewish legal of ourselves, particularly the Joe & Elaine Bettman Jewish faith.” stanway we define our identities, Dayton Children’s Hospital alone adequately (halachic) dards, a definimust be true of others, as well,” But among Jews Bill & Melinda Doner Horenstein, Nicholson & Blumenthal, LPA themselves, tion codified by notes Rabbi Yechiel Eckstein, answers the Houser Asphalt & Concrete who is a Jew is the end of the founder and president of the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton question of who still in debate. Second Temple International Fellowship of Stephen B. Levitt, MD period (70 C.E). Christians and Jews. isMidwest a Jew. Iron and Metal Co. In the Reform Thus, excluding members of Nation The Pavlofsky Families movement, eiIn the Torah, another specific religion, Jews 2010 Women Of Valorand Luncheon ther Jewish parent suffices the Jews are described as a naview most non-Jews as ChrisLynda A. Cohen, Chairperson Beth Abraham is Dayton’s the conversion process may not tians and Christians view Juda- tion: a group of people with a Helen Abramovitz, Beth Adelman, Elaine Arnovitz, Jody Blazar, Dena Briskin, only Conservative Melinda Doner, Marsha R. Froelich, Angela Frydman, Lynn Goldenberg, be halachic. common history, destiny, and ism as a faith, Eckstein writes Linda Levine, Meryl Hattenbach, Helen Jacobson, Janice Krochmal, affiliated with Women Of Valor It Luncheon 2014 Beverly A. Louis, Joan Marcus, Bernadette D. O’Koon, is ancestral definition thatCarole Marger,synagogue, connection to one another. in Christian-Jewish Relations: Marlene Pinsky, Carole A. Rabinowitz, Cantor Andrea Raizen,Synagogue Phyllis Rosen, of the United Elaine Bettman, Co-chair has erroneously Roberta beenZawatsky, used In the time of the biblical Leslieto Cohen Zukowsky, Cindy Zwerner History and Overview. Conservative Judaism. 2014 Fuchsman, Co-chair Jews as a race. Abraham, Jews wereRandi called He- characterize Christian, from the Greek However, one cannot conbrews (Ivrim), possibly because root christos or Christ — transWe are an enthusiastically vert into a race. Furthermore, lated from the Hebrew mashiach they came from the other side egalitarian synagogue. Maryann Bernstein there are many races and types (eyver) of the Euphrates River. or anointed one — refers to Community Volunteer Beginning with Jacob (whom among the Jews, who generally those who believe in Jesus as Connie Blum We also have an ener resemble the native populations God renamed Israel) and his Christ (Messiah) and adhere to getic Keruv program that Carol Finley the religion based on his teach- sons, Jews were called Children where they live more than Jews reaches out to intermarried Advocate for Individuals with Disabilities, Community Volunteer Beth Abraham is Dayton’s in other lands. of Israel or Israelites. ings. couples and families in our Irene Fishbein only Conservative From a halachic perspective, Note that Israelite and Israeli In a more nuanced definition, synagogue andisinDayton’s the Dayton Beth Abraham synagogue, affiliated with Shelley Goldenberg Jewish community. Jewishness is a result of materare not synonymous. Israeli Community Volunteer Christian means follower of only Conservative the United Synagogue of nal ancestry or conversion. synagogue, liated with Rochelle Goldstein Conservativeaffi Judaism.

All in the family Jew in the Christian world series


Literature to share Passover: Celebrating Now, Remembering Then by Harriet Ziefert. This clever book for young children uses foldout pages to illustrate how Passover Seder rituals connect with the ancient Biblical story. Two texts, one with simple sentences in large print and the other with more traditional text in a smaller print, invite readers of all ages into the story. The artwork is exquisite and not to be missed. Enjoyable again and again. The Marrying of Chani Kaufman by Eve Harris. Filled with rich descriptions, multifaceted characters, compassion and humor, Harris’ debut novel is an engaging exploration of faith, family, and relationships in London’s Orthodox world. Selected as noteworthy by both Amazon and Barnes and Noble and long-listed for the Man Booker Prize, it is highly recommended.


From its biblical origins until modern times, Judaism has espoused certain ideas about the world, the purpose of mankind, the relationship between God and humanity, the nature of good and evil, and the way Jews should live. These ideas were outlined in the Torah, variously explained by the Sages of the Talmud, and conveyed by ritual practices and prayer traditions. However, there has never been a centralized Jewish dogma or “catechism” that defined what a person must believe to

the United Synagogue ofof For a complete schedule We are an enthusiastically Conservative our events, goJudaism. to egalitarian synagogue.

Please join Beth Abraham Synagogue Attorney Sisterhood as we honor an extraordinary group of women Intervention Specialist for their commitment and dedication to the Jewish and general communities. Community Leader

We an enthusiastically For are a complete schedule of egalitarian our events, synagogue. go to We also have an energetic Keruv program that reaches out to intermarried couples and families in our synagogue and in the Dayton Jewish community.

Wednesday, May 6 11:00 a.m. Registration In Memorium: Carol Pavlofsky Mentor 11:30 a.m. Community Program &Leader, Luncheon

For a complete schedule of our events, go to

Beth Abraham is Dayton’s only Conservative synagogue, affiliated with the United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism.


We are an enthusiastically egalitarian synagogue. We also have an energetic Keruv program that

Community Volunteer Sandy Zipperstein




At Columbus Museum of Art, needlework depicts survival

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Detail of quilt by Holocaust survivor Esther Nisenthal Krinitz























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The 36 needlework images by Esther Nisenthal Krinitz on display at the Columbus Museum of Art are deceptively bucolic. Scenes of the Polish countryside appear at first to resemble the style of Grandma Moses. But the story behind them illustrates how Krinitz survived the Holocaust, pretending to be a Catholic farm girl. Fabric of Survival: The Art of Esther Nisenthal Krinitz is on exhibit at the Columbus Museum of Art from April 3 to June 14, to coincide with Yom Hashoah, Holocaust Day of Remembrance, April 15. Krinitz and her younger sister, Mania, were the only members of their family to survive the Holocaust. When she was

15, Krinitz defied a Nazi order for the Jews in her Polish village to report to a railroad station for relocation. She and her sister escaped to the countryside. At the age of 50 in 1977, Krinitz began crafting her fabric art pictures to show how she and her sister managed to escape the horrors of the Nazis. She continued creating the works over a 20-year period, and died in 2001. The exhibition also features the 30-minute documentary film, Through the Eye of the Needle, which presents Krinitz’s story in her own words. For more information, call 614-2214848 or go to — Marshall Weiss

Cincinnati Freedom Center exhibit about Auschwitz Unlocking the Gates of Auschwitz: 70 U.S. Holocaust Research Institute and as Years Later is on display at the National president and CEO of the Survivors of Underground Railroad Freedom Center the Shoah Visual History Foundation. through May 31. Between 1940 and 1945, approximateThe exhibit — developed through a ly 1.3 million men, women and children, partnership of the Center for Holocaust mostly Jews, were deported to Ausand Humanity Education, Cincinnati chwitz. Before the camp was liberated by Museum Center, and the Freedom CenSoviet forces in January 1945, 1.1 million ter — features documents and artifacts had perished there; only 7,000 survived. on loan from the Jacob Rader Marcus For more information about the Center of the American Jewish Archives, exhibit, contact the Freedom Center at the Klau Library of Hebrew Union 513-333-7500 or go to College-Jewish Institute of ReCenter for Holocaust & Humanity Education ligion, and private collections. The Center for Holocaust and Humanity Education curated Unlocking the Gates of Auschwitz with guidance from Holocaust scholar Dr. Michael Berenbaum. The director of the Sigi Ziering Institute: Exploring the Ethical and Religious Implications of the Holocaust at American Jewish University, Berenbaum oversaw the creation of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum as its project director. He has also served as director of the Auschwitz Concentration Camp THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • APRIL 2015

a H Wis ap hin py g Y Pa ou sso ver !

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Kroger is pleased to help you and your family enjoy the tastes and traditions of Passover. With a complete selection of Kosher foods, you can stock up on all your favorites for less.

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Come in and check out our wide selection of Kosher meats.

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Friday 3/6 Jewish Observer 1505

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