The Dayton Jewish Observer, September 2018

Page 1

Pleasantly pareve holiday recipes p. 32 September 2018 Elul 5778/Tishri 5779 Vol. 23, No. 1

Published by the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton

The Miami Valley’s Jewish Monthly • Online at Artskvortsova

DCDC recalls Schwarz sisters


Dayton Daily News Collection, Special Collections & Archives, Wright State University

Dance pioneers Hermene (L) & Josephine Schwarz

Emerging Jewish left’s challenge to the center



Shira Hanau

Jewish Currents Exec. Editor Jacob Plitman

Wittenberg students’ month in Poland Address Service Requested

Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton 525 Versailles Drive Dayton, OH 45459


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At Stutthof Concentration Camp


A mystery of U.S. Jewish history with Dayton ties Caterer for the banquet that divided American Judaism in 1883 is buried at Temple Israel’s Riverview Cemetery. Courtesy of Ellen Notbohm

Wishing You a Happy, Healthy New Year Nosh. Monthly Friday Night Shabbat Dinner with all your traditional favorites. Led by Joe Bettman. Friday, Sept. 28, 5 p.m. $10 per person. R.S.V.P.

Learn. Monthly Diabetic Support Group. With Gem City Home Care’s Mara Lamb. Tuesday, Sept. 11, 10:30 a.m. & 6 p.m. R.S.V.P.

Schmooze. Join us for a free cup of coffee & hospitality at our Coffee House. Every Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. to 2 p.m. Free WiFi.

Call Wendy Archer for details at 937-837-5581 ext. 1269 5790 Denlinger Road • Dayton, Ohio 45426 • PAGE 2

By Marshall Weiss, The Observer It’s no exaggeration to say that the person who set in motion the contours of American Judaism we know today is buried at Temple Israel’s Riverview Cemetery. In 1883, when Prussian-born Jew Gustave “Gus” Lindeman was a celebrated caterer in Cincinnati, Rabbi Isaac Mayer Wise hired him to prepare the banquet to celebrate Hebrew Union College’s first rabbinic ordination ceremony and the Union of American Hebrew Congregations’ 10th anniversary — both of which Wise founded. Wise, the architect of Reform Judaism in America, hoped to unite American synagogues and rabbis within a broad coalition that would bring traditionalists and reformers together. More than 100 rabbis and layleaders from 76 Jewish congregations around the By the 1870s, Prussian-born Jew Gustave country showed up for the July 11, 1883 ‘Gus’ Lindeman was one of Cincinnati’s ordination ceremony at Wise’s Plum most popular caterers Street Temple. From his base in Cincinon May 1, 1879, Lindeman catered the nati, Wise was on the edge of uniting event. American Judaism. The Cincinnati Enquirer described the But at the banquet, held afterward at the Highland House on Mt. Adams, Lin- opening as “one of the most brilliant social events of the season,” and “one of deman served a treyf (unkosher) menu, the most enjoyable affairs that has ever albeit without pork. been celebrated in this city.” No one knows for certain whether it Among the 350 guests was Ohio Gov. was Wise or his committee who apRichard Moore Bishop. Over the music proved the menu, or if Lindeman acted of an orchestra, Lindeman’s dinner for on his own, though it’s unlikely Wise the “Hebrew society” included oysters, would intentionally provoke his guests various meats, and vanilla when his aim was to bring ice cream — all violations of them together. kashrut — but no pork. Cincinnati’s Reform GerAfter the 1883 Treyfa Banquet, man Jews did tend to eat when the more traditional deltreyf, except for pork. But egates returned to their homes, as a result of the “Treyfa they spread the word about the Banquet,” outraged tradidebacle through Jewish and tionalists would go on to even general newspapers. One establish Orthodox and account in a Jewish newspaper then Conservative Judaism. was written by Henrietta Szold, Rabbi Isaac Mayer there with her father; she would A popular caterer Wise of Cincinnati later found Hadassah. Lindeman was born in In Wise’s English-language publica1845 in Prussia. He first showed up in tion, The American Israelite, he blamed Cincinnati’s city directory in 1867 as a the error on Lindeman. However, in his barkeeper in a saloon. German-language publication Die DeboBy the 1870s, Cincinnati newspapers rah, he wrote that it was the committee described him as a fashionable, popular that ordered the meal. caterer. In a Jan. 16, 2018 essay for JTA, When Cincinnati’s German-Jewish Brandeis University Prof. of AmeriAllemania Club opened its new building at Fourth Street and Central Avenue Continued on Page Four

IN THIS ISSUE Arts & Culture...............................37

O p i n i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1 6

Calendar of Events.......................17


Family Education.........................35

Re l i g i o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Kvelling Corner............................23

W o r l d . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7



DCDC at 50: celebrating the Schwarz sisters’ influence wood Ave. on the West Side, let By Marshall Weiss the mothers hold dance classes The Observer “I wanted to do whatever my there on Saturdays. As soon as 8-year-old Jeralsister did,” Carol Ann Shockley dyne would walk home from recalls. “She was three-and-adance class, she’d teach Carol half years older than me. And I wanted to be just like DCDC Ann everything she learned that week from her. She wanted to Miss Jo. dance.” Debbie BlundenCarol Ann’s sister Diggs, Jeraldyne’s was the late Jeraldyne daughter, can see Blunden, founder of the defunct Linden Jeraldyne’s School of Recreation Center the Dance, and Dayton from her studio at 840 Contemporary Dance Germantown St. DebCompany, which bie is artistic director celebrates its 50th anDCDC founder of DCDC and director niversary this year. Jeraldyne Blunden of Jeraldyne’s School of It was 1948, and their mother and friends’ moth- the Dance. The Schwarz sisters, staunch ers were looking for a dance supporters of Jeraldyne’s dance studio for the girls. career, saw to it that their star “Back in those days it was pupil attended the American hard,” Carol Ann says. “The Dance Festival in Connecticut. only dance studios were white. There, Jeraldyne learned from And everybody (the studios) Martha Graham, José Limon, said the typical: ‘There’s no George Balanchine, and James room, our classes are closed.’” Truitte. The mothers went to see JoWhen Miss Jo asked 19-yearsephine and Hermene Schwarz, Marshall Weiss who had run their own dance studio for two decades. In 1937, the sisters had also established the Experimental Group for Young Dancers — later renamed the Dayton Ballet ­— the second oldest ballet company in the United States. “Miss Jo (Josephine Schwarz) told them, ‘We’d love to teach your children. But I’m sorry to say they can’t come to our school. If they do, we’ll lose business. We can’t afford to lose business. You find the place, Carol Ann Shockley (L), Jeraldyne and we’ll come there.’” Blunden’s sister, with Blunden’s The manager of the Linden daughter, DCDC Artistic Dir. Debbie Blunden-Diggs Recreation Center, at 334 NorThe Adventures of

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old Jeraldyne to take over the Linden Center Dance School, Jeraldyne’s School of the Dance was born. “Jeraldyne was training dancers to go out on auditions with companies,” Carol Ann, who worked for her sister, remembers. They were landing at Dance Theatre of Harlem, the American Dance Festival, and the Alvin Ailey American Dance Theatre. “And Jeraldyne said to me one Saturday, ‘Carol Ann, why am I training these dancers and sending them ‘Miss Jo,’ Josephine Schwarz (back, 4th from L) with her students at the Linden away? Why don’t I start my own group?’ I Center Dance School in the late 1940s, including future DCDC founder Jeraldyne said, ‘Why don’t you?’ Blunden (back, R), and her sister, Carol Ann Shockley (front, 4th from L). The rest is history. And she was just fabulous at it.” The Schwarzes, Carol Ann 590 Isaac Prugh Way says, stood behind Jeraldyne 937.298.0594 and DCDC — a company rooted 694 Isaac Prugh Way in the African-American experi937.297.4300 ence — 200 percent. “Miss Jo would judge auditions for the company,” she says. “And when Jeraldyne had concerns or problems or issues, she would call Miss Jo and ask for advice.” Debbie remembers how the Schwarz sisters mentored her mother and stayed very close to her through it all, as the company rose from regional to national and then international acclaim. “Miss Jo and Miss Hermene, in my memory, were always at Continued on Page Five

From the editor’s desk One of the most rewarding aspects of compiling my visual history book, Jewish Community of Dayton, was stumbling on pleasant surprises — or at least pleasantly Marshall rediscovering items — from our Weiss history. You’ll find two of these pleasant surprises in the stories on this spread of pages. The first is that Gus Lindeman, who catered the “Treyfa Banquet” in 1883 — probably the most historic meal served in American Jewish history — lived much of his life and was buried here in Dayton. The second is that his granddaughters were dance pioneers Hermene and Josephine Schwarz, founders of the Dayton Ballet. Sometimes it seems everything is connected, and connected through Dayton. Over the next several issues of The Observer, I’ll share with you some of the other surprising connections I’ve found in my research about Dayton’s Jewish history. In the meantime, wishing you a very happy, healthy new year.

HIGH HOLY DAYS All of us at the Lincoln Park Communities wish you well as you reflect on the passing year while celebrating hope for the future.

We Wish You & Your Families An Enlightening Holiday. For Information about Retirement Living

PLEASE CALL 937.298.0594 For Assisted Living-Rehabilitation-Skilled Nursing

PLEASE CALL 937.297.4300 590 Isaac Prugh Way — Kettering 694 Isaac Prugh Way — Kettering




Gus Lindeman

Jacob Rader Marcus Center of the American Jewish Archives

Continued from Page Two can Jewish History Jonathan Sarna wrote that Wise knew the banquet was a blunder, but highly doubted that Wise was to blame. “After all, he himself kept a kosher home — his second wife, the daughter of an Orthodox rabbi, insisted upon it,” Sarna explained. “But he was not the kind of leader who believed in making apologies. Instead he lashed out against his critics, insisting that the dietary laws had lost all validity, and ridiculed them for advocating ‘kitchen Judaism.’”

Editor and Publisher Marshall Weiss 937-853-0372 Contributors Rachel Haug Gilbert Candace R. Kwiatek Rabbi Nochum Mangel Advertising Sales Executive Patty Caruso, Proofreaders Rachel Haug Gilbert, Pamela Schwartz Billing Jeri Kay Eldeen, 937-853-0372

A line in the sand

In 1885, the Reform movement codified its eschewal of Jewish dietary laws in Article Four of the Central Conference of American Rabbis’ Declaration of Principles, known today as the Pittsburgh Platform: “We hold that all such Mosaic and rabbinical laws as regulate The menu for the Treyfa Banquet, held to honor delegates of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations, diet, priestly purity, and dress July 11, 1883, shows that no pork was served — although diners could eat clams, crab, frog, and shrimp, originated in ages and under among other non-kosher items the influence of ideas entirely eventually parted ways in the foreign to our present mental impress the modern Jew with a Powder is centered around a years after Rabbi Solomon and spiritual state. They fail to spirit of priestly holiness; their testimonial from Lindeman Schechter arrived from England observance in our days is apt in his role as the Dayton City Cox Media Group rather to obstruct than to further to lead JTS in 1902. Club’s steward. JTS would become the flagmodern spiritual elevation.” Around 1909, Lindeman ship institution of the Conserva- struck out on his own, openWise, who also founded the tive movement. CCAR, presided over the meeting Lindeman’s restaurant and ing. His line in the sand led catering business in a storefront Making a name in Dayton at the Victoria Theater. American Judaism to splinter Lindeman moved to Dayton into two and later three moveAmong his catering clients in 1895, where he lived until his was A.M. Kittredge, president ments. Traditionalists established the death in 1927. He made a name of the Barney & Smith Car for himself as the steward of the Company. Jewish Theological Seminary Dayton City Club, a non-Jewish in New York in 1886; two years The Great Flood of 1913 and later, they established the Union social club at the southwest cor- its damage to the Victoria Thener of First and Main Streets. of Orthodox Jewish Congregaater marked the end of LindeA 1912 Dayton Daily News ad for A 1902 ad in the Dayton Daily man’s restaurant. Lindeman’s restaurant, located at tions of America. News for Rising Sun Baking JTS and the Orthodox Union He managed at least one a Victoria Theater storefront Dayton Metro Library Dayton Daily News Collection, Special Collections more restaurant, Maharg’s, & Archives, Wright State University and continued his catering business from his home, 49 W. Holt St., until 1925. But his contributions to Dayton and its Jewish history don’t end there. His granddaughters, sisters Josephine and Hermene Schwarz, founded the Schwarz School of Dance in 1927 and the Experimental Group for Young Dancers in 1937 — later renamed the Dayton Ballet — the secondoldest ballet company in the United States. Would American Judaism have ended up splintering had there been no Treyfa Banquet? Most likely. But Lindeman’s most famous The Dayton City Club, at the southwest corner of First and Main Streets. Gus Lindeman’s granddaughters, meal is what set it in mosisters Josephine (L) and Hermene Gus Lindeman served as the club’s celebrated steward from 1895 until tion.

n prohibited without permission.

about 1909, when he opened his own restaurant and catering business PAGE 4

Observer Advisor Martin Gottlieb Published by the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton Bruce Feldman President David Pierce Immediate Past Pres. Todd Bettman President Elect Joel Frydman Foundation Chair Dr. Heath Gilbert Treasurer Beverly Louis Secretary Dan Sweeny VP, Resource Dev. Mary Rita Weissman VP, Personnel Cathy Gardner CEO The Dayton Jewish Observer, Vol. 23, No. 1. The Dayton Jewish Observer is published monthly by the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton, a nonprofit corporation, 525 Versailles Dr., Dayton, OH 45459. Views expressed by guest columnists, in readers’ letters and in reprinted opinion pieces do not necessarily reflect the opinion of The Dayton Jewish Observer, The Dayton Jewish Observer Policy Committee, the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton or the underwriters of any columns. Acceptance of advertising neither endorses advertisers nor guarantees kashrut. The Dayton Jewish Observer Mission Statement To support, strengthen and champion the Dayton Jewish community by providing a forum and resource for Jewish community interests. Goals • To encourage affiliation, involvement and communication. • To provide announcements, news, opinions and analysis of local, national and international activities and issues affecting Jews and the Jewish community. • To build community across institutional, organizational and denominational lines. • To advance causes important to the strength of our Jewish community including support of Federation agencies, its annual campaign, synagogue affiliation, Jewish education and participation in Jewish and general community affairs. • To provide an historic record of Dayton Jewish life.

Please recycle this newspaper.

Schwarz, founders of the Dayton Ballet



Schwarz sisters

Continued from Page Three

Dayton Daily News Collection, Special Collections & Archives, Wright State University

We Wish The Dayton Jewish Community A Happy, Healthy, And Sweet New Year. L'Shanah Tovah.

47 Sisters Hermene (L) and Josephine Schwarz, founders of the Dayton Ballet, the Schwarz School of Dance, and the Linden Center Dance School

the performances,” Debbie says. “They were always a significant influence and part of the thought process of how Jeraldyne built this company. “I remember when the company auditioned for membership into what used to be called the Northeast Regional Ballet Association. It was under the eyes and watch of Miss Jo, because they (Dayton Ballet) were one of the founding companies in that association.” Debbie herself began dancing at age 5 in 1965 with the Schwarz School of Dance, which by then was integrated. Miss Hermene was her first teacher. After seven years with the Schwarz School, Debbie joined DCDC at age 12; by 17 she was receiving national recognition for her choreography. She recalls the Schwarzes as regal in posture and personality. “They were very strict and demanding, but very caring in all the same breath,” Debbie says. “They were huge advocates of the art form and what it gave you outside of just being a dancer.” This, Debbie says, included discipline, focus, the ability to be strategic, and problem-solving. She describes her mother — who received a MacArthur Foundation “Genius” award five years before her death in 1999 — as an incredible nurturer and a huge disciplinarian. The Schwarz sisters and her mother, Debbie says, had a desire to make the world a better place, with dance as a form of diplomacy, an exchange of humanity. “And it really started by a group of mothers just wanting something quality, something better for their children. That is, I believe, the plight of all parents. You just want something better for your child than what people are just willing to give you.”

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U.S. Rep. Warren Davidson (2nd from L), who represents Ohio’s 8th congressional district, visited the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton’s offices at the Boonshoft Center for Jewish Culture and Education in Centerville on Aug. 14 to learn more about the Federation’s programs, services, and agencies. Shown here with Davidson (L to R): Ohio Jewish Communities Exec. Dir. Howie Beigelman, Jewish Federation Exec. Dir. Cathy Gardner, and Dayton Jewish Community Relations Council Dir. Rabbi Ari Ballaban.

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Combined congregational Selichot service Sept. 1

Introduction to Judaism course

The Synagogue Forum of Greater Dayton will present its 16-session course, From Door to Door: Introduction to Judaism, on Mondays from 7 to 8:30 p.m. Dayton area synagogues and beginning Oct. 8. The annual class opens temples will join together for Dayton’s synagogues to anyone a Community Selichot service interested in Jewish learning, on Saturday evening, Sept. 1 at dialogue, and exploration. Beth Jacob Congregation, 7020 From Door to Door offers an N. Main St., Harrison Townin-depth look at Judaism from ship. Conservative, Orthodox, TraThe event will begin at 9:15 ditional, and Reform perspecp.m. with a light dessert reception followed by Havdalah and tives. Course instructors are rabbis Selichot led by Cantor Jerome from Dayton’s synagogues; Kopmar at 10 p.m. Selichot are penitential prayers offered prior class sessions also rotate among the congregations. to the High Holy Days. The The registration fee is $75 for Dayton Jewish Chorale, congregational clergy and soloists will a single or couple and includes books and materials. For more also participate in the service, information or to enroll, contact featuring several of Kopmar’s Rabbi Judy Chessin at 435-3400. musical settings of prayers.

Honoring the Spirit and Wisdom of Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur.

Ohio’s Hospice of Dayton is proud to be accredited by the National Institute for Jewish Hospice

Columbus gets new Jewish newspaper The Cleveland Jewish News has expanded to central Ohio with the establishment of the Columbus Jewish News. The Columbus Jewish News replaces the Ohio Jewish Chronicle, which shut down in July after a 96-year run. The new paper, which is being distributed to all identified Jewish households in the Columbus area and offers local, regional and world news, features, sports and opinions, debuted Aug. 9 with a 44-page issue. “We are honored to have the opportunity to connect with the Greater Columbus Jewish community,” Kevin S. Adelstein, CEO and publisher of the Cleveland Jewish News and president of the Cleveland Jewish Publication Company, said in a statement. — JTA

Wishing you a new year of health, happiness and peace

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Why ‘Lucky Jew’ imagery is so popular in Poland self-portraits. They are also available on By Cnaan Liphshiz, JTA the website created by Rubenfeld and his Visit a few marketplaces or trinket shops in Warsaw or Krakow, and you’re company, FestivALT. The business side of things is going almost guaranteed to find a figurine or picture of a haredi Orthodox Jew count- all right, Rubenfeld said. Since March, he and his wife have sold 40 portraits ing money. of him counting money. Priced between Offensive to some and bizarre to $5 and $13, the merchandise is clearly others, the sale of stereotypical images meant for consumption by locals, but of Jews as good luck charms started in tourists, too. Poland in the 1960s. It closely followed Rubenfeld said his critics don’t grasp the last large wave of Jewish emigration from the country, where 3.3 million Jews “the deep tradition of Jewish satire and auto-irony.” lived before the Holocaust. Only 20,000 But if his goal is to diminish the popuJews live there now. larity of Poland’s Lucky Jew figurines, Critics believe it is an expression of Rubenfeld’s act has had very limited centuries of antisemitic bias in a counimpact, according to Daniels. try whose society and government are “You’d be amazed how many edufamously struggling with the tragic cated people from the elite — lawyers, history of Poland’s once-great Jewish Jason Francisco community. The Lucky Jew images are “deeply rooted in negative stereotypes,” Rafal Pankowski, a founder of the Warsaw-based Never Again anti-racism organization, said in a December statement. His condemnations helped force the Polish parliament’s souvenir shop to drop its Lucky Jew figurines. Others, like Jonny Daniels, founder of the From the Depths group that promotes dialogue between Jews and Poles, disMichael Rubenfeld sells Lucky Jew portraits in Krakow miss it as an “insensitive but journalists, civil servants — own these ultimately harmless expression of nosfigurines and images,” Daniels said. talgia,” similar to how some view cigar They are so popular they make comstore Indians in the United States. But some are simply fascinated by the mon wedding and housewarming gifts. phenomenon and its significance beyond In some households, the images are turned on their heads on Friday nights, its obvious perpetuation of the notion so the money being counted may fall that Jews and money are inseparable. down on the family that owns it. Take Michael Rubinfeld, a CanadianStill, Daniels believes, the figurines are Jewish actor/producer who moved to “part of a longing for Jews, not hatred of Poland in 2014 and married a Krakow Jewish woman in 2015. In recent months, them.” Such longing prompts Polish villaghe has begun selling in marketplaces pictures of himself counting coins, which ers to attend mock Jewish weddings, he markets as part of an act, he told Vice stage Jewish music festivals, and create a national graffiti campaign called “I miss in an interview. you, Jew.” Similar to a vogue for Judaism “These Lucky Jews are just so politiin Spain and Portugal, where Jews were cally incorrect and absurd that it instidriven out during the Inquisition, “the gates an equally politically incorrect figurines are an attempt at reconnecting response of delight in me,” Rubenfeld, with Jews, not mocking them,” Daniels 39, told Vice. said. His hope “is to undo the antisemitic Like Rubenfeld, Daniels has used image from within, through humor, in effect to push Poles into a critical aware- humor to get Poles to reassess the Lucky ness of the antisemitism running beneath Jew figurines. In September, he posed the Lucky Jew iconography, while at the for a cover picture in the weekly magasame time forcing Jews to question their zine of the prestigious Rzeczpospolita daily while wearing a kippah, counting own anti-Polish stereotypes.” coins and smiling mischievously at the To do that, Rubenfeld dresses like a camera. In the article, Daniels invited the character from Fiddler on the Roof, sets paper’s hundreds of thousands of readup a stall emblazoned with the words ers to frame the portrait and put in on Lucky Jew, and peddles his Lucky Jew the wall for good luck. “By becoming the lucky charm Jew,” he told JTA, “my intention was to make Wittenberg students’ readers see how absurd it looks from the outside, and maybe get them thinking.” month in Poland..................



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Azerbaijan’s only JCC sold off in painful blow to a dwindling community By Cnaan Liphshiz, JTA BAKU, Azerbaijan — About one year after Bella Regimov’s two children left their native country for Israel along with many of her friends and relatives, she began feeling isolated. On her own in Azerbaijan’s family-oriented society, the 76-year-old was losing “the will to get up in the morning” following their immigration in the early 2000s, she said. But in 2006, things turned around. That year, she started volunteering at the Jewish community center that the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, or JDC, had opened two years earlier in this capital city of the Caucasus republic. “This became my home, my real home,” Regimov said of The Jewish House, a crumbling building on a busy street bordering the Baku Railway Station. “I come here first thing in the morning and I stay to close the place.” Since she started volunteering, Regimov has come to depend on the center for social interaction, a sense of purpose and even exercise: She walks at least two miles a day to the center and back to her home in Baku’s old Jewish quarter. In the summer, she walks briskly to minimize her exposure to the scorching sun, slowing down only under the shade of the buildings featuring the city’s ubiquitous beige sandstone tiles.

rium, workshop rooms, classBut in August, Regimov and dozens of others of elderly Jews rooms and space for exhibitions. JDC said the new space is about in Baku were planning to leave five times smaller, but will have the building that houses the space for activities and a day city’s only Jewish community center. JDC sold it to streamline center for seniors. Still, Shaul Davidov, who has its expenses in a city with a headed The Jewish House since dwindling Jewish community. its opening, said the change The sale is part of a broader means the “end of an era” for effort by JDC to respond to his community. shifting Jewish community The organizations that run demographics, the New YorkJewish communal activities in based group said. In the case of Baku, whose Jewish population Baku will find a new address has shrunk from 16,000 to 8,000 there, he said, but “it means a since 2000, JDC will move its of- painful loss” for Regimov and dozens of elderly fices to a much smaller space, a As the community Jews who came to The Jewish JDC spokesper- shrinks, Regimov daily to son said. and other elderly House play cards, parMany Azeri Jews value ticipate in arts Jews have left and crafts lesfor Russia and even more the sons and study Israel in search Hebrew. of opportunities institutions “I don’t think unavailable un- that have been they’ll come. It der the nepotist their solution to will not be the economy of same,” he said. Azerbaijan, an loneliness. Arnold Zeligoil-rich country where many residents nonethe- man, an 86-year-old volunteer teacher of Hebrew at The Jewish less live in abject poverty. House, is determined to resume As the community shrinks, Regimov and other elderly Jews his activity in the new space. “But where will we have value even more the institutions concerts? Where will we have that have been their solution to a festive Kabbalat Shabbat?” he loneliness. asks. “I don’t see it happening, “Please tell them not to take and it’s a very big shame.” this away from us,” she said. The Jewish House’s annual “It’s my reason for getting up upkeep cost about $60,000, Dain the morning, and I’m not the vidov said. only one.” Baku has two active synaThe Jewish House, at 13,000 gogues in the old Jewish quarsquare feet, includes an audito-

Sat., October 6, 2018 • 7:30 p.m. & Sun., October 7, 2018 • 4:00 p.m. Victoria Theatre, 138 North Main Street, Dayton, Ohio 45402 The world premiere of a full-evening concert, The Bench: Journey into Love, by choreographer Kiesha Lalama with original score and lyrics. SPONSORED BY THE KETTERING FUND MEDIA SPONSOR SYNCHRONY FINANCIAL

PAGE 8 | 937.228.3630 | 888.228.3630 THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • SEPTEMBER 2018

THE WORLD Cnaan Liphshiz

Arnold Zeligman (L) teaches Hebrew to Bella Regimov, wearing head cover, and other students at The Jewish House in Baku, Azerbaijan, July 18

ter. Both are small in comparison to The Jewish House and “our people don’t really feel like it’s their space there,” said Zeligman, whose only son lives in Israel. His students are a dozen or so pensioners. Watching him wrap his tongue around some of the best Hebrew-language words in his vocabulary, they crack jokes at his expense in Juhuri, the dying dialect spoken here by many Jews. A mix of Farsi and Hebrew, it is the centuries-old language of the Mountain Jews — a stream

of Judaism that is considered neither Sephardi nor Ashkenazi, and whose members have their own manner of singing scripture and songs. About half of Azerbaijan’s Jews are Mountain Jews. The rest are Ashkenazim who came here before 1991, when Russia still ruled what is now Azerbaijan. Fading and lacking an agreed-upon alphabet — the few Juhuri books in existence are divided into volumes using Cyrillic, Arabic, Hebrew and Latin — the pensioners’ native tongue is no use for commu-

nicating with grandchildren in Israel and beyond over Skype, requiring them to study Hebrew. But none of them is seriously thinking about moving to Israel as long as they are in good health, Zeligman said. Michal Frank, the executive director of JDC in the former Soviet Union, said she “understands that it can be upsetting” to some in the community. “We’re very attentive to their needs, but we need to adjust to demographic shifts and decreasing budgets for the good of all JDC clients,” she said. In 2017, JDC spent more than $120 million — slightly over one-third of its budget — on supporting Jewish communities in the former Soviet Union. This included funding for the Hesed program, which provided that year support to some 110,000 individuals from the neediest segments of the community. JDC has had to direct extra resources to Russia and Ukraine, where most of the former Soviet Jews live, in order to meet growing needs. Since 2013, JDC has seen at least 6,500 Jews apply for its welfare programs in Ukraine, one of the

most dramatic increases in reliance on JDC aid since Ukraine gained independence in 1991. It was part of JDC’s response to a financial crisis that in 2014 hit the economies of both Russia and Ukraine in connection with their territorial conflict. These socioeconomic developments coincided with a decrease in JDC’s available cash. The group’s assets dropped gradually from $711 million in 2014 to $644 million last year — a 10 percent decrease. And expenditures dropped accordingly, from $336 million to $311 million over that same period, according to its annual reports. As needs increase elsewhere, they shrink in places like Baku. At The Jewish House, the number of people who received services, or clients, declined by half since 2005, according to JDC. There are currently some 900 elderly clients there. Few younger Jews apply for aid. This depletion is not unique to Azerbaijan. It is being seen across the former Soviet region, where ailing economies and the erosion of democratic standards are prompting many Jews who resisted earlier waves of emigration to finally leave.

In the Russian Siberian city of Chelyabinsk, the JDC Hesed office has seen a decrease of 51 percent in the number of its clients from 2004. In Krasnoyarsk, another Russian city in Siberia, a 63 percent decrease in clients since 2004 resulted in JDC merging that city’s Hesed operations, servicing its 219 remaining clients, with the one in Novosibirsk. In Belarus, after the number of clients fell by half, Hesed offices in Polotsk and Vitebsk merged. Israel is certainly seeing the impact of this trend. Russia and Ukraine alone provided Israel with most of its immigrants in 2017 — the first calendar year in over a decade that this has happened. In Azerbaijan, many Jews leave for Moscow, where they can easily obtain work visas and where many wealthy Azeri Jews can help them put down roots. Davidov, the head of The Jewish House, says he is aware of the bigger picture. “We’ll soon be gone anyway,” he said. “Is saving a few thousand dollars a year really worth tearing all this down?”

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How Birthright guides talk about the Palestinians By Ben Sales, JTA When Samuel Green talks about Israel’s West bank security barrier with the Birthright groups he guides, he first explains the Israeli view that the barrier was built to prevent Palestinian terrorists from breaching Israeli territory and that Israelis generally feel it has saved lives. But then he’ll talk about what the barrier — which is part wall, part fence — means for Palestinians: how it cuts into West Bank territory, how it has separated people from their farmland, how they see it as an imposing wall. “It’s a disservice to the

Birthright bus over the status of people in front of me to leave the West Bank. out such information,” Green Rather than aim to present said. “So if you’re trying to una range of views on Israel’s derstand why there’s control of the territory, conflict, you have the guide says “Israel to understand why sees the West Bank people are annoyed. as part of Israel” — a It’s important to talk misleading claim that about.” does not accord with That approach the legal status of the contrasts with the one territory or encompass viewed by 2.7 million the variety of ways people in a viral FaceIsraelis see it. book video taken by Birthright guide Soon after the bus activists of IfNotNow, Daniel Rubenstein argument, several participants a group of young American on that Birthright trip staged Jews who oppose Israel’s occua walk-off from the tour and pation of the West Bank. In the visited Palestinian areas. It was video, a Birthright tour guide one of three such walk-offs spars with a participant on a conducted in recent weeks — all organized by IfNotNow — Wishing you and your family a wonderful New Year! to protest what the group calls Birthright’s silence on Israel’s occupation. The walk-offs have sparked a debate over whether Birthright — a popular 10-day free tour to Israel for young Jews _ has a responsibility to grapple with Israel’s control of the West Bank. Some 40,000 young Jews, mostly from North America, go on Birthright every year. For some it is their first exposure to the country. But Birthright tour guides say the debate is unnecessary. While acknowledging that they speak from an Israeli perspective, the guides said they make an effort to represent a range of opinions on the tour — includAre you reading this? So is the entire Jewish community. ing Palestinian views — and Contact Patty Caruso at Committee to Re-elect Debbie Lieberman, Marty Moore, Treasurer, 3630 Berrywood Drive, Dayton, OH 45424 are happy to answer any questo advertise in The Observer. tions. “In general, what tour guides are taught is that it’s not about us,” said Daniel Rubenstein, an immigrant to Israel from Texas who is about to lead his fourth Birthright trip. “As educators, it’s our job to teach what the various players in this region, in this conflict and in this shared society are saying, and for us to articulate the basic vision of Zionism as well as Palestinian national identity.” In addition to completing Presented by: Israel’s two-year certification course for tour guides, most Birthright guides must com10:30am – 4:00pm | Carillon Park plete a three-week course run by Birthright. Guides said the course fo$15 in Advance • $20 at the door • $5 ages 3-17 • FREE to Dayton History Members & children under 3 cuses on how to engage groups in discussion, how to make Celebrating the Cadillac and Jaguar E-type • Concours d’Elegance Preview Party - September 15, 2018 Israel’s history and nature come alive, and how to relate to a 1000 Carillon Boulevard | Dayton, OH 45409 | | 937-293-2841 North American audience.

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THE WORLD But the guides said the Birthright training course was light on politics. It instructs guides to represent a range of perspectives, they said, but doesn’t provide a list of Israeli talking points on contentious issues like the status of Palestinian refugees or the security barrier. Green scoffed at the idea that right-wing donors to Birthright, like casino mogul Sheldon Adelson, dictate how they conduct their tours. “They don’t have a lot of control over what guides say in the field,” Green said regarding Birthright. “They’re trusting the guides to execute their vision. It’s not like Birthright says ‘do this’ and the guide parrots something. “In the Birthright training we were encouraged to represent different points of view.” The guides acknowledged that their tours are inevitably given from an Israeli perspective. One of Birthright’s explicit goals is to strengthen American Jews’ connection to the country, along with the Jewish identity of participants. And most if not all of the guides are either native-born Israelis or Diaspora Jews who chose to make their

lives in Israel. “Personally, I’m going to value and weigh some perspectives differently than others,” said Rubenstein, who worked at the pro-Israel lobby AIPAC in Washington, D.C., before becoming a guide after moving to Israel. “I’m an Israeli by choice, so I’m not Wikipedianeutral, but people are looking to engage with me because of who I am. I strive to represent different perspectives and make sure all voices are heard.” The tour’s itinerary is transparently geared toward giving participants an appreciation of Israel’s natural, historical and cultural attractions. All trips must visit a series of sites, from the beachfront metropolis of Tel Aviv to the Western Wall in Jerusalem’s Old City to Masada, the ancient hilltop fortress where a group of Jewish rebels held out against an invading Roman army before committing mass suicide. Groups will also visit the City of David, a Jewish archaeological site and community in a Palestinian neighborhood in eastern Jerusalem, over Israel’s pre-1967 border. Palestinians condemn the site’s presence as

an illegal settlement. All groups receive a lecture on geopolitics from an Israeli expert. Meeting Palestinians and seeing Palestinian life is not part of the itinerary. Optional programs immediately following the trip offer Birthright participants the opportunity to see Palestinian society.

conflict with them. But she said Palestinians were mentioned only when she and other participants asked about them. And she said the guide did not present a spectrum of Israeli views on sensitive issues. In the video, the guide does not appear to attempt to be evenhanded when discussing the West Bank. He inaccurately Mentioned when asked claims that Israel sees the West Bank as part of the country “Part of tour education is that you’re educating about the While Israel controls the West Bank to varying degrees, it has things you see in front of you,” not annexed the territory and said Ilan Bloch, a Birthright guide who grew up in Australia. treats it differently, in legal terms, than its recognized terri“If the route of your trip didn’t tory. He also claims that Israel take the road next to the Israeli does not demarcate the West (security) barrier, you’re not going to start a discussion about Bank on its maps, which is true of some maps but not all. the Israeli barrier.” “They provide a really, really Bloch said he presents Palesbiased version of what Israel is tinian viewpoints, but that “it’s and what that education is, and clearly not a comprehensive exposure to Palestinian views if in doing so, they are upholding the Israeli government and the you’re not meeting a Palestinmilitary occupation in Palesian.” tine,” Oliver told JTA. “They IfNotNow activists, unsureither provide misinformation prisingly, take a far less generous view of the tours’ approach. or biased information without clarifying that it’s biased, or Rebecca Oliver, a participant omit it.” who walked off the bus shown Tour guides chafed at the in the viral video, said their suggestion that discussing the guide did willingly answer conflict should be more of a their questions and discuss the

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focus. They said not all participants are interested in a political debate. And they appreciate that the trip’s focus is on Jewish identity. “When IfNotNow says, ‘Oh, Birthright doesn’t present the full picture of the Palestinian occupation,’ well OK, but that’s not the purpose of this trip,” said an American Jewish communal official who has organized and co-led many Birthright trips, but who didn’t want to be named without approval from Birthright. “The point of the trip is not to learn all of every single aspect of the occupation. It’s to learn about Judaism and Jewish heritage and make friends and have a good time.” The official added that if Birthright seeks to drive American Jews politically rightward, it’s doing a bad job. American Jews tend to hold markedly more liberal views on the conflict than Israeli Jews. “I’m sure the Israeli government gives money (to Birthright) because they have whatever their goals are,” the official said. “If their goal is to transform a generation of Jews into Likud supporters, they’ve clearly failed.”

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We welcome you and wish you a sweet new year! Please join us for services Erev of Rosh Hashanah - Sunday, Sept. 9 at 8:00pm Rosh Hashanah - Monday, Sept. 10 9:15am Family Service 10:30 am Congregational Service, followed by Tashlich Second Day Rosh Hashanah - Tuesday, Sept. 11 at 10:30am Kol Nidre - Tuesday, Sept. 18 at 8:00pm Yom Kippur - Wednesday, Sept. 19 9:15am Family Service 10:30am Congregational Service 3:00pm Afternoon Service 6:15pm Greene Break-the-Fast

Support for two-state solution drops to historic low JERUSALEM — Support for a two-state solution among Israelis and Palestinians has dropped to a record low following years of a moribund peace process and several rounds of violent military confrontation. According to a new poll conducted by Tel Aviv University and the Palestinian Center for Policy and Survey Research in Ramallah, only 43 percent of both Israeli Jews and Palestinians back such a negotiated end to the conflict, a decline of 9 and 8 points since 2016, respectively. Support for a two-state solution has been steadily eroding among Jews and Palestinians for a decade, the pollsters noted, although among Israeli Arabs support has largely remained “stable and very high” at 82 percent. A total of 2,150 Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza and 1,600 Israelis were polled on their views of a hypothetical peace deal consisting of a demilitarized Palestinian state, an Israeli withdrawal to 1967 borders with equal territorial exchange, family unification in Israel of 100,000 Palestinian refugees, western Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and eastern Jerusalem as the capital of Palestine, the Jewish Quarter and the Western Wall under Israeli sovereignty, and the Muslim and Christian quarters and the al Haram al Sharif/Temple Mount under Palestinian sovereignty, and the end of the conflict and claims. Only 37 percent of Palestinians and 39 percent of Israeli Jews said they supported such an agreement. Nineteen percent of Israeli Jews expressed support for a unitary state with equal rights for both Jews and Palestinians, while 15 percent

voiced their approval of annexation without rights. Eight percent supported expulsion of the Palestinians. “A plurality or a majority of Israelis and Palestinians, respectively, believe that settlements have expanded so much that the two-state solution is no longer viable,” the pollsters wrote. “Large majorities on both sides believe the other side is untrustworthy. The perceived lack of feasibility and the lack of trust are closely connected to opposition to the plan. Findings also show a net decline over the last two years in the percentage of Israeli Jews and Palestinians who think the other side wants peace.” Between Jews and Arabs, nearly half of Israelis believe that a two-state solution is still viable, although 45 percent believe that settlements have spread too much to implement such an agreement. While Israeli Arabs remained highly optimistic, with 64 percent thinking this solution remained viable, only 44 percent of Israeli Jews agreed with this assessment. Overall, trust between the two sides seems to have broken down almost completely, with only a quarter of Israeli Jews trusting Palestinians and 11 percent of Palestinians reciprocating that trust. Both sides are extremely skeptical that a Palestinian state will be established in the next five years, with 72 percent of Palestinians and 81 percent of Israeli Jews saying they do not expect this to happen. The poll, which had a margin of error of 2.5 percent, was supported by the United Nations, European Union and Japan. — JTA

Overall, trust between the two sides seems to have broken down almost completely

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Plan a weeklong sukkah hop or choose your favorite night to party in the hut! Decorate the sukkah, enjoy crafts, and eat delicious food Contact Temple for exact locations and RSVP info. Temple Israel • • 937.496.0050 130 Riverside Drive, Dayton, OH 45405 A Reform Synagogue open to all who are interested in Judaism. Childcare provided during Friday services and Sunday school. PAGE 12


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Temple Beth Or invites you to join us for the High Holy Days. We offer both a traditional and a youth-oriented morning service on both Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur. Babysitting available for all Services.

Erev Rosh Hashanah, Sept. 9, 8 p.m. Rosh Hashanah, Sept. 10 Morning Services, 10 a.m.

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Today...and for Generations PAGE 14


Emerging Jewish left posing ‘challenge to the center’ By Shira Hanau, New York Jewish Week in the Jewish community? And more crucially, will the new Jewish left’s refusal Nearly 400 young Jews gathered in a to take a position on the global Boycott, former warehouse in Brooklyn, sipped Divestment and Sanctions movement, Zion drinks with names like Trotsky’s Pick onism, or even on whether Israel should or Red Scare, and danced the hora to a be a Jewish state, keep it on the far fringes klezmer band. It was a summer party celebrating Jew- of the community, even as the Reform and Conservative movements and groups like ish Currents, a 72-year-old Jewish leftist the ADL and AJC have leveled sharp and quarterly magazine that was recently bitter criticism at Israel’s right-wing govrelaunched and passed to a new generaernment on a whole range of issues? tion of leadership. “People need this,” said Plitman. “The With headlines like The Best Argument growth of Currents right now and the for Socialism, Walking Off a Birthright Trip rejuvenation of the magazine is part of a Isn’t Stealing and How to Fight the Netangeneral challenge to the center.” yahu Government (and Win) recently on its Demographics may be with Plitman homepage, its clearly hoping to appeal to and his cohort. Part of this “challenge to a new generation of Jews whose feelings the center” aligns with a broader story about socialism and Israel don’t match about changes and challenges to the those of the mainstream Jewish community. Shira Hanau Democratic Party. Millennials, now ages According to Jacob 20-37, are the most Plitman, the 27-year-old progressive generation who became Jewish Curof today’s eligible votrents’ executive editor ers. A widely reported in July, young Jews like 2016 YouGov poll himself “have been lookshowed that 43 percent ing for this thing for years of young adults ages and just didn’t know it 18-29 viewed socialism existed.” favorably, up from 36 The idea of an emergpercent the previous ing Jewish leftist comyear. Since November munity — which includes 2016 and the election publications like Jewish of President Donald Currents and the online Trump, the Democratic journal Protocols, antiSocialists of America Israel-occupation groups has seen its memberlike IfNotNow and Jewship jump from about ish Voice for Peace and Jewish Currents Exec. Editor Jacob 5,000 to 40,000 mempodcasts like Judaism Plitman bers across the country. Unbound and Unsettled At a time when Democratic Socialist — might seem strange given the politics candidates like House nominee Alexanof American Jews, who have long been dria Ocasio-Cortez in Queens and state arguably the most liberal religious group Assembly hopeful Julia Salazar, who is in the United States. But the place of those pushing for leftist Jewish, are rallying young voters, the causes, especially when it comes to Israel, Democratic Party is torn between its cenhas always existed more on the periphery trist and progressive wings. Where the story of young, progresof the Jewish community. sive Jews departs from that of non-Jews That distance from the center has grown over the years as the community’s and their Jewish forebears is the topic of Israel. “They’ve grown up not with a center of gravity has been pulled to the right after years of terrorism within Israel sense of Jews at the precipice of disaster, but they’ve grown up…with a sense that and rocket attacks from Gaza. Having grown up in Jewish institutions Israel is Goliath and the Palestinians are — day schools, camps, youth movements, David, and that’s a huge difference from previous generations,” said Jonathan synagogues — where Zionism was taken Sarna, professor of American Jewish hisfor granted, a subset of young Jews no tory at Brandeis University. longer feels comfortable in those instituThe revival of a vibrant Jewish left tions. has given Jewish Currents, which now In the minds of those who actively has a circulation of 5,000, a new lease on and vocally oppose Israel’s treatment of Palestinians and its continuing settlement- life. Founded in 1946 as a Communist building activity in the West Bank, Ameri- Party-affiliated publication, it became an independent magazine in 1958 and recan Jewish institutions are implicated in scinded its earlier Stalinist positions. The Israel’s misdeeds. As leftist Jews have been building new magazine has had just two editors since 1959, making the decision by former ediorganizations, attracting members and tor Lawrence Bush and the editorial board making more noise on social media, their to hand over control of the magazine to a growing community is facing a crossnew millennial staff all the more telling. roads. Can its laser-like focus on Israel’s Plitman is in many ways emblematic of occupation move the needle on that issue THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • SEPTEMBER 2018

THE WORLD the community encompassing the emerging Jew- identify. It’s the story that gave birth to IfNotish left and Jewish Currents’ younger readers. Now, a Jewish anti-occupation advocacy group Growing up in a small town in North Carothat is central in today’s emerging young Jewish lina, his parents sent him to a Young Judea camp progressive ecosystem. to get his Jewish identity fix. He loved camp and Originally founded during the 2014 Gaza War soaked up its messaging on Israel and Zionism, and relaunched in 2015 after a year of planning eventually deciding to study in Israel for a gap and strategizing sessions, IfNotNow’s mission year between high school and college. His rosy is to end what it sees as the organized Jewish view of Zionism began to change that year when community’s support for what it calls “the daily he visited Bethlehem and came face to face with nightmare” that Israel’s occupation creates for Palestinians for the first time. “The things that I Palestinians; it hopes to accomplish its mission saw there were more powerful than my ability to through public campaigns and “disruptive proignore them,” said Plitman. tests” targeting significant JewPlitman’s involvement in J Street Millennials, now ish organizations like the Ramah U, the college arm of the liberal camping movement and Birthright. ages 20-37, Israel advocacy group, served as Unlike J Street, IfNotNow is a political outlet during college. not a policy-making organization are the most Several months spent volunteerand does not engage in lobbying. ing with Syrian refugees in Greece progressive It does not take any official posiafter college prompted him to tion on topics like Zionism or BDS. generation of question his preconceived notions Jewish Currents has defined today’s eligible While about capitalism. Then he found itself as “pro-Israel, non-Zionist” Jewish Currents and found a Jewish voters for decades, both groups believe and political home. “There was this that having an official position on small group of people that seemed to be speakZionism, on whether the state of Israel should ing my language,” he said. exist, or whether it will support or denounce BDS For Bush and his generation, “the word is unnecessary. ‘socialism’ carries with it all the baggage of the “One of the best things about IfNotNow is that failures of socialism and all the crimes of socialI don’t need to have an answer to that question,” ism or communism,” he said. “Their (Plitman’s) said Yonah Lieberman, a founding member of generation seems to be excited by the word com- IfNotNow. “What does it mean to be a Zionist? I munism without the baggage.” think that the Jewish state exists.” The trope in Plitman’s story — growing up in Not long ago, J Street was the Jewish establisha Zionist Jewish environment before experiencment’s bogeyman, its message of liberal Zionism ing a moment of disillusionment — is one with deeply threatening to the political status quo. which many young Jewish progressives can Continued on next page

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Emerging left Continued from previous page And when J Street started its college arm, J Street U, in 2009, it quickly became the political home of Jewishly engaged college students like Plitman and Lieberman who were frustrated by the right-wing policies of the Netanyahu government and the American Jewish establishment which largely supported it. Plitman recalled being a part of a group that “found J Street U to be a really powerful place to be at a particular time. The halcyon days of the Obama administration, the seeming closeness of a two-state solution. Those things felt really powerful.” In the years since J Street launched in 2008, it has gone from avant-garde to almost passé among the young Jewish left. For those looking for a radically progressive Jewish approach to the Israel-Palestine conflict, IfNotNow or the pro-BDS Jewish Voice for Peace, which launched in 1996 and is shunned by much of the Jewish community, are now the places to go. The question remains, however: What is the new Jewish left offering the wider Jewish community if it refuses to take a stand on BDS and Zionism and it refuses to offer any constructive solutions to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict? “I think a lot of people are ready to say that they’re outraged by something but they’re not necessarily ready to say I have the solution, especially if they’re in that phase of critically reappraising what’s going on,” said Sarah Seltzer, the digital editor at Lilith Magazine and a contributing writer at Jewish Currents. “We’re sort of standing in for the sensibilities of an emerging community right now,” said Arielle Angel, 33, a new co-editor of Jewish Currents. “Jewish Currents used to be the magazine of a party, and now it’s more the magazine of a community,” echoed Plitman. Can such a community become a force in the Jewish community, especially as population surveys show that charedim, who tend to be solidly pro-Israel and could act as a demographic counterweight to millennials, are growing at a fast clip? “There are critics who remain on the periphery and there are critics who move from the periphery to the mainstream,” said Brandeis’ Sarna. “The question really is which of today’s critics will make that transition from periphery to mainstream and which will remain on the periphery.” PAGE 16


If Israel has bad PR, why does it remain so popular? By Andrew Silow-Carroll The first mention in JTA of the Hebrew word hasbarah was in 1988, at the height of the first intifada. The article focused on Israelis and American Jews and their deep concern that the media were distorting the unrest and showing the Israeli military in a bad light. The answer, interviewees agreed, was better hasbarah — a Hebrew word, explained the author (OK, it was me), “whose meaning falls somewhere between information and propaganda.” “Israel has never actually looked at hasbarah as an integral part of policymaking,” said Dan Pattir, a former press secretary to prime ministers Yitzhak Rabin and Menachem Begin. Fast forward 30 years. Writing Aug. 8 in the Los Angeles Times, Noga Tarnapolsky makes a convincing case that Israel’s public diplomacy efforts are flawed, unprofessional, scattershot and out of touch. Critics tell her that Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu relies too much on social media videos to defend Israel. They say its military spokespeople are ill prepared to answer questions about controversial events, like May’s deadly riots on the border with Gaza. “There is…no single author-

ity that coordinates and supervises these various activities,” complains Michael Oren, who is (wait for it) Israel’s deputy minister in charge of public diplomacy. The critics, however, don't make a convincing case why any of this matters. Complaints about Israel’s hasbarah efforts are as regular and ritualistic as the Jewish holidays. Without answers from a strong PR campaign, the theory goes, the litany of antiIsrael charges gains traction. But among whom? Israel remains hugely popular among the American public. According to Gallup, 64 percent of the U.S. population sympathizes with the Israelis over the Palestinians, and only 19 percent say they sympathize more with the Palestinians. Congress remains firmly pro-Israel. Yes, a Pew survey in January showed a wide partisan divide over Israel, with 79 percent of Republicans and only 27 percent of Democratic sympathizing more with Israel than with the Palestinians. But the poll questions forced respondents to choose between

Israelis and Palestinians (why not both?), and the results may have reflected only the deeply partisan nature of American politics — not anything you can hasbarah away. Despite wide publicity and Jewish consternation, the Boycott, Sanctions and Divestment movement hasn’t taken root outside the far left. As of June, 25 states have enacted anti-BDS laws. In fact, the whole point of BDS is that Israel has a positive image that needs to be undermined. You wouldn’t know about BDS if celebrities didn’t regularly include Israel on their world tours. The charge of “pinkwashing” — that Israel touts its relatively progressive record on LGBTQ rights to distract the world from the occupation — targets what the BDS folk think is a positive and effective means of hasbarah. Otherwise, why would they bother? And paradoxically, every charge of pinkwashing only reminds the casual reader of Israel’s strong LGBTQ record. Two kinds of critics, often overlapping, criticize Israel's hasbarah. The first is convinced that the media have in it for Israel. Such critics also hold the mistaken notion that the media’s role is to tell a story as they would have it told. Coverage of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is hardly perfect, and examples abound of stories becoming stories only when Palestinians are the victims, or headlines that ignore cause (a terror attack) for effect (the Israelis’ response). In general, however, Palestinians have a point when they complain that the media often shape the narrative according to an Israeli point of view, depicting Palestinian life with an Israeli gaze. If you want to see what cov-

Israel remains hugely popular among the American public.

LETTER TO THE EDITOR Others deserve to be incorporated in history

Congratulations on your published Dayton Jewish history (Jewish Community of Dayton). It presents synagogue and Dayton community moguls quite nicely. Someway, perhaps you can find a way to make an addendum to add a few who don’t meet the criteria of moguls but have played an important role in the community. You may feel you have finished the book, but it is now a repository for enhancing information. I ask that you devise a way to add to your history, as there are others who deserve to be incorporated into your history. I am suggesting two individuals as the first two additions: Leo Shapiro and Murray Weisman. There may be others that will be deemed worthy in the near future, too. Leo was a humble giant in the American war effort, as well as a mensch in the Dayton Jewish community. In 1941, he became the electrical engineering manager for construction of the new multi-building Kankakee Ordinance facility for building bombs. He engineered the power distribution for the growing multi-plant facility, including electrically-operated locomotives. As such, he contributed a major accomplishment to the manufacture of munitions that were used to defeat Germany in World War II. Murray volunteered regularly to present his experience in the Shoah in public classrooms; he was a mainstay in the revival and recognition of Yiddish; he is an author of a most meaningful autobiography of his life. — Hy Finegold, Washington Township

So, what do you think? Send your letters (350 words max., thanks) to: The Dayton Jewish Observer 525 Versailles Drive, Dayton, OH 45459

erage of the conflict would look like otherwise, read a pro-Palestinian website like Electronic Intifada or a far-left Israeli site like +972. It’s nothing like the Israel coverage you see in the mainstream media. The other kind of critic blames unpopular policy on bad hasbarah. Good hasbarah, they insist, could presumably have forestalled the brouhaha over the Israeli nation-state law (a brouhaha, I’d wager, that most Americans never even heard about). That story got legs not because of a bad marketing rollout, but because the law was a policy decision that fed directly into a perception that Israel’s right-wing government was growing less democratic and more nationalistic. Passage of the law capped a week in which the Knesset allowed the education minister to bar groups critical of government policies from speaking in public schools, made it harder for Palestinians to win land disputes and blocked single men and gay couples from having children through surrogacy. More broadly, Netanyahu’s close ties with President Donald Trump may be understandable and justifiable, as his outreach to European nationalists, but there is a political and PR price to be paid for such embraces. Netanyahu has good instincts for English-speaking audiences, and sometimes he realizes that a positive pitch can only get you so far. In the past few weeks, leftwing activists have complained that Israeli airport security have detained them and asked specifically about their activism and their political beliefs. On Aug. 13, after the liberal Zionist writer Peter Beinart said he was stopped and interrogated, Netanyahu issued a statement saying it was an “administrative mistake,” adding that “Israel is the only country in the Middle East where people voice their opinions freely and robustly.” The latter statement is a staple of pro-Israel hasbarah. It’s a terrific policy, as long as it has the added benefit of being true. But when actions prove unpopular, PR won't save you. The root meaning of hasbarah is “explanation,” not “alchemy.” Andrew Silow-Carroll is editor in chief of JTA.



Chabad Classes: Sat., Sept. 1 & 8, 8 a.m.: Prepare for Prayer Class. Sun., Sept. 2, 8:15 a.m.: Deep Chassidus. 10:15 a.m.: Maimonides’ Mishnah Torah. Mon., Sept. 3, 8 a.m. & Wed., Sept. 5, 7:30 a.m.: Talmud Class. 8 p.m.: Torah Study (Call for location). 2001 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood. 643-0770.

High Holy Days

Chabad Rosh Hashanah Dinner: Sun., Sept. 9, 7 p.m. $25 adult, $10 child. 2001 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood. R.S.V.P. to 643-0770.


Chabad CKids Club Sukkot Discovery Lab: Sun., Sept. 16, 3-4 p.m. Chabad of Greater Dayton, 2001 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood. 643-0770.

Temple Israel Classes: Tues., 5:30 p.m., Sept. 4, 25: Musar w. Rabbi Sobo. Wed., noon, Sept. Chabad Men’s Night Out in 5, 12, 26: Talmud w. Rabbi the Sukkah: Wed., Sept. 26, 6 Sobo. Saturdays, 9:30 a.m.: Torah Study. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 496-0050. Tuesdays @ The J: Sept. 4, 7 p.m.: Israeli Dancing w. Janifer Tsou. $3 per lesson. Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. R.S.V.P. to 6101555.

Young Adults

YAD Apple Picking: Sun., Sept. 16, 1-3 p.m. Monnin’s Fruit Farm, 8201 Frederick Pike, Clayton. R.S.V.P. to Cheryl Carne, by July 1.


JCC Children’s Theatre Auditions: Sun., Sept. 30, 1:30-4 p.m. 105 Sugar Camp Cir., Oakwood. This year’s show, The Addams Family Young@Part. $150 participation fee. To schedule audition time, call 610-1555.


JFS Off To A Sweet Start: Tues., Sept. 4, 2-3 p.m.: Musical selections & refreshments w. Cantor Jenna Greenberg. Spring Hills Singing Woods, 140 E. Woodbury Dr., Harrison Twp. Wed., Sept. 5, 10-11 a.m.: Musical selections & refreshments w. Cantor Andrea Raizen. One Lincoln Park, 590 Isaac Prugh Way, Kettering. For more info., call JFS at 610-1555.

Shulchan Yarok Monthly Farmer’s Market: Thurs., Sept. 20, 3:30-6:30 p.m. Organic produce from Arcanum’s Grim Farm. Baked goods also available for purchase from Rochel Simon. Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville. 610-1555.

Chabad Sukkah Party: Thurs., Sept. 27, 5:30 p.m. With carnival. 2001 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood. 643-0770.


Beth Abraham Sisterhood Annual Sunset in the Sukkah: Thurs., Sept. 27, 6 p.m. 305 Sugar Camp Cir., Oakwood. $10 non-sisterhood members. 293-9520.



Linda Weprin Realtor/Broker Military Relocation Professional

PERFORMANCE SERIES 2018–19 Customize your season and enjoy the best prices with your season subscription (choose 3, 4 or all 8). The University of Dayton’s ArtsLIVE Performance Series offers outstanding selections of classical and jazz chamber music, as well as other special programming.

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September 26 11am - 1pm


The Outrageous HairShow 5 will feature top local hair salons and stylists to compete center stage to claim the title of “Top Salon.” Sinclair Conference Center | Building 12 444 W. 3rd St. | Dayton, OH 45402 Complimentary Parking in Lot C

Community Events

Community Selichot Service: Sat., Sept. 1, 9:15 p.m. Beth Jacob Congregation, 7020 N. Main St., Harrison Twp. Dessert reception followed by service. 274-2149.

Wishing You A Happy New Year.

p.m. $59 includes steak, topshelf Scotch, cigars. 2001 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood. 643-0770.

For ticket information call

Presenting Sponsor:

Vanguard Legacy Concerts

Escher String Quartet Sunday, Sept. 23 Los Angeles Guitar Quartet Sunday, Nov. 4 Poulenc Trio Sunday, Mar. 24

For tickets or a subscription brochure call the Box Office at 937-2292545 or visit go.udayton. edu/artslive

Cityfolk Jazznet Legacy Concerts Special Programming

937.258.5537 Platinum Sponsor:

Fred Hersch Thursday, Oct. 11 Terell Stafford Quintet Wednesday, Feb. 20 DCDC Thursday, Sept. 20 Fifth House Ensemble Thursday, Feb. 7 Women of the World Wednesday, Mar. 20

Ticket Information @ Copyright © 2018 Ohio’s Hospice, Inc. All rights reserved.

THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • SEPTEMBER 2018 AD_OHOD_20180802_HairShow-2Colx5inches_01.indd 1

8/6/18 4:53 PM


into the


for the JEWISH FEDERATION of GREATER DAYTON & ITS AGENCIES 1. John Hoover, JFS Volunteer of the Year


2. Pat Jones, JCC Volunteer of the Year 3. Dayton Jewish Chorale (Courtney Cummings, Jenna Greenberg, & Andrea Raizen), Jack Moss Creativity Award 4. Beverly Louis, Robert A. Shapiro Award 5. Debbie Feldman, Kipnis-Wilson/Friedland Award





Jewish Community Center Jewish Federation Jewish Foundation Jewish Family Services ®





During 100 Days of Tikkun Olam, the men's philanthropy group got to hear from the owner of the Dayton Dragons before taking in a game, while the Lions of Judah learned different ways to style their pins. 100 Days of Tikkun Olam ends on Tuesday, September 11. PHOTO CREDIT: Peter Wine, Sarah Woll

JCC early childhood Alessa Robinson

and Lila Hakim

Ronin LaBreck, Nicholas Noyola, Sydney LaBreck, Alex Barnabas, Luke Hoff and Declan Wooton take a swim break while out on a canoeing trip.

Select spots still available for the 2018–2019

PHOTO CREDIT: Meryl Hattenbach

(937) 853-0373. PHOTO CREDIT: Josie Bolton

on the first day of preschool! school year. Contact Audrey MacKenzie at






EVENTS & PROGRAMS TUESDAY 4 JCC Tuesdays @ the J: Israeli Dancing with instructor Janifer Tsou 7–8PM @ the Boonshoft CJCE $3/person. 10 weeks of lessons, August 21–November 6. Next lesson not until October 9. WEDNESDAY 5 EARLY CHILDHOOD Ice Cream Social 6–7:30PM @ Boonshoft CJCE Enrolled Early Childhood families are invited to enjoy a cool treat with teachers and staff to celebrate the new school year! Ice cream, cones and sundae toppings will be provided.

WED 12

THU 13


FRI 14




SAT 15


TUESDAY 4 JFS Off to a Sweet Start 2–3PM @ Spring Hills Singing Woods (140 E Woodbury Drive, 45415) Musical selections presented by Hazan Jenna Greenberg. Come hear the uplifting sounds of the shofar and enjoy light refreshments.

WEDNESDAY 5 JFS Off to a Sweet Start 10–11AM @ One Lincoln Park, Oakwood Room (590 Isaac Prugh Way, 45429) Musical selections presented by Cantor Andrea Raizen. Come hear the uplifting sounds of the shofar and enjoy light refreshments.







SUNDAY 16 YAD (AGES 21–35) Apple Picking 1PM @ Monnins Fruit Farm (8201 Frederick Pike, 45414) Give back by apple picking! Keep as many as you wish, then the rest of them will be donated to a local food pantry. Our goal is to pick many bushels of apples, and there are over 100 apples in a bushel. This event is generously sponsored by Shumsky. THURSDAY 20 JCC Shulchan Yarok: Monthly Farmer's Market 3:30–6:30PM @ Boonshoft CJCE Last chance of the season to buy fresh, local, organic produce from Grim Farm at the JCC! Rochel Simon will also have challah and other baked goods for sale.






FRIDAY 21 JCC Book Club 10:30AM @ home of Cheryl Lewis Book: The Language of Flowers, by Vanessa Diffenbaugh. RSVP to Cheryl Lewis at 937-320-9962 to receive address.





RSVPs due at least 1 week before event. Events with no price listed are free. FOR MORE INFORMATION OR TO RSVP (unless noted): 937-610-1555


SUNDAY 30 CHILDREN'S THEATRE Auditions for The Addams Family Young@Part 1:30–4PM @ 105 Sugar Camp Circle Children in grades 3–12 should prepare to sing a 1-minute segment of a Broadway song. Wear comfortable clothes and be prepared to learn a basic dance. $150 program participation fee.




Did YOU know?

Your annual campaign gift supports Jewish education all over the world.


What aspects of Jewish life do you cherish most—learning, community, worship, caring for those in need or social justice? Whatever you care about most, leaving a legacy ensures the things you value are sustained for future generations.

To create your Jewish legacy contact:

Janese R. Sweeny, Esq. Director, Jewish Foundation of Greater Dayton 937.401.1542

parents in the former Soviet Union engage in Jewish literacy programs while their children attend Sunday school and learn about Israel and Jewish Identity. All thanks to Federation supported efforts.

A Biss'l Mamaloshen Mashin

| Ma-SHEEN | noun: 1. A

machine; engine. 2. An automobile. JEWISH FEDERATION of GREATER DAYTON



Expressions with Mashin: 1 Aza yor oyf im, vi er hot mir farricht di mashin.

May he have such a year as the way he fixed my car! (i.e., just as he did a rotten job on my LIFE & LEGACY is brought to the Dayton Jewish community through the Jewish Foundation of Greater Dayton. car, so should he have a rotten year).

Legacies, Tributes, & Memorials FEDERATION

ANNUAL CAMPAIGN IN HONOR OF › 50th wedding anniversary of Debby and Dr. Robert Goldenberg -Mike Houser › Marriage of Jason Feldman and Rachel Kaster -Debby and Dr. Robert Goldenberg IN MEMORY OF › Dr. Mel Lipton › Lois Hoffman -Debby and Dr. Robert Goldenberg › Dr. Mel Lipton -Barbara and Ira Kushnir DOROTHY B. MOYER YOUNG LEADERSHIP FUND IN MEMORY OF › In Yahrzeit memory of Dorothy B. Moyer › In Yahrzeit memory of Nettie Dennis Felman › In Yahrzeit memory of Hyman Dennis › In Yahrzeit memory of Samuel Cohn -Marcia and Richard Moyer

LINDA RUCHMAN MEMORIAL FUND IN HONOR OF › 50th wedding anniversary of Harriet and Alen Cohen › 62nd wedding anniversary of Alice and Dr. Burt Saidel -Judy and Marshall Ruchman IN MEMORY OF › Dr. Mel Lipton -Judy and Marshall Ruchman CAROL J. PAVLOFSKY LEADERSHIP FUND IN HONOR OF › Melissa Sweeny receiving the Beth Abraham Women of Valor Award -Lisa and Gary Pavlofsky IN MEMORY OF › Dr. Mel Lipton › Lois Hoffman -Marlene and David Miller JFS

JEWISH SENIOR SERVICES IN MEMORY OF › Dr. Mel Lipton -Claire and Oscar Soifer

ROBERT L. CLINE AND RITA Z. CLINE BIKUR HAVERIM ENDOWMENT FUND IN MEMORY OF › In Yahrzeit memory of Robert L. Cline -Meredith A. Cline JEWISH FAMILY SERVICES IN HONOR OF › Cherie Rosenstein receiving the Beth Abraham Women of Valor Award -Gail and Charles Friedman › Speedy recovery of Fran Schwartz -Beverly and Jeffrey Kantor › Speedy recovery of Dr. Stephen Levitt -Judy Schwartzman and Mike Jaffe › Speedy recovery of Peter Wells -Shirlee and Dr. Ron Gilbert › Marriage of Jason Feldman and Rachel Kaster -Helene Gordon IN MEMORY OF › Marlene Carne › Art Carne › Ed Zawatsky -Gail and Charles Friedman

› Dr. Mel Lipton -Beverly and Jeffrey Kantor JCC

CAROLE RABINOWITZ YOUTH JEWISH EXPERIENCE FUND IN HONOR OF › 50th wedding anniversary of Debby and Dr. Robert Goldenberg › Special birthday of Bobbie Myers › Speedy recovery of Peter Wells › Marriage of Jason Feldman and Rachel Kaster -Bernard Rabinowitz JOAN & PETER WELLS AND REBECCA LINVILLE FAMILY, CHILDREN, & YOUTH FUND IN HONOR OF › Speedy recovery of Peter Wells -Renate Frydman -Judy Schwartzman and Mike Jaffe › Marriage of Jason Feldman and Rachel Kaster -Joan and Peter Wells


IN MEMORY OF › Dr. Mel Lipton › Lois Hoffman -Joan and Peter Wells FELDMAN FAMILY BBYO FUND IN HONOR OF › 65th wedding anniversary of Esther and DeNeal Feldman -Bea Ballas FOUNDATION

JEREMY BETTMAN B’NAI TZEDEK FUND IN HONOR OF › 65th wedding anniversary of Esther and DeNeal Feldman -Elaine and Joe Bettman › Marriage of Jason Feldman and Rachel Kaster -Jean and Todd Bettman IN MEMORY OF › Dr. Mel Lipton › Lois Hoffman -Jean and Todd Bettman





L’Shanah Tovah 5779

Come welcome the Jewish New Year with friends, songs, and sweets. Spring Hills Singing Woods 140 E Woodbury Drive, 45415

OR Wednesday, September 5 @ 10AM

One Lincoln Park, Oakwood Room

Contact Meryl Hattenbach at 937-401-1550 or or visit to schedule an audition. Show dates: February 9 & 10, 2019 Rehearsals: Sundays, 1:30–4:30PM Wednesdays, 5:30–7:30PM Beginning October 10. $150 program fee.

Off to a Sweet Start:

Tuesday, September 4 @ 2PM

Children in grades 3–12 are asked to prepare a one-minute segment of a Broadway song. Please wear comfortable clothes as participants will also learn a basic dance.

590 Isaac Prugh Way, 45429

RSVP by August 28 at or (937) 610-1555.

DES GRA–12! 3

REGISTRATION BY PHONE: Karen at (937) 610-1555

IN PERSON: Boonshoft CJCE, 525 Versailles Drive, Centerville

ONLINE: Credit Card Orders Only


7 PM


At the door: adult $25 ages 6–18 $15 5 and under $5




7 PM 2 0 1 8


Carillon Brewing Company 1000 Carillon Blvd., Dayton

$5 in advance, $8 at the door









6:30PM E



7 PM PAGE 22

DR. ELISHA WALDMAN Boonshoft CJCE $5 in advance, $8 at the door

7 PM







Boonshoft CJCE $5 in advance, $8 at the door

7 PM M




Boonshoft CJCE In advance: adult $18 ages 6–18 $8 5 and under free



AT EVENT: Evening of Event










2 0 1 9

Upcoming events


7020 N Main St, Dayton

No charge

Partnering with Beth Jacob Congregation


Wright Memorial Public Library 1776 Far Hills Ave., Oakwood

No charge




LIFECYCLES Lucie Olivia Jacobs With much gratitude, joy, and happiness, Cassandra and Bradley Jacobs announce the Bat Mitzvah of their daughter Lucie Olivia Jacobs on Sept. 1 at Beth Jacob Congregation. Lucie is the sister of Samantha and Ezra. She is the granddaughter of Rachel and Steven Jacobs of Dayton, Julieann Maduro Milling of Boca Raton, and the late John Milling. Lucie attended Hillel Academy of Dayton prior to being a student at The Miami Valley School. She has participated in the Sinai Scholars program and the afterschool Hebrew program at Hillel Academy. She is a member of the middle school basketball and soccer teams, and plays for the Butler United Soccer Club. Lucie has enjoyed the past three summers at Camp Wise.

Rosh Hashana Dinner

Sobol-Koenig Lauren Sobol and Adam Koenig were married in Northbrook, Ill. on June 24. Adam, the son of Sandra and David Koenig, grew up in Indianapolis. Lauren, daughter of Jody and Todd Sobol, grew up in Dayton. The happy couple resides in Buffalo Grove, Ill.

Sunday, September 9th, 7:00 PM Cost $25/Adult; $10/child

High Holiday Prayers

Send lifecycles to: The Dayton Jewish Observer, 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville, OH 45459 Email: There is a $10 charge to run a photo; please make checks payable to The Dayton Jewish Observer.

September 10 & September 11

9:00 AM Morning Prayers 10:30 - 1:30 PM Children’s Program 11:15 AM Shofar Blowing September 18 7:30 PM Kol Nidrei September 19 9:00 AM Morning Prayers 11:00 AM Yizkor 7:00 PM Neilah

KVELLING CORNER Annie Greene earned her Ph.D. from the University of Chicago’s Department of Near East Languages and Civilizations. Upon graduating from Oakwood High School in 2006, she first attended McGill University in Montreal before completing her master of arts degree at the University of London’s School of Oriental and African Studies. She will begin a fellowship at the University of Pennsylvania in the fall. Annie is the daughter of Mindy and Garry Greene.

Rachel Haug Gilbert Dr. Michael Halasz will be installed as president of the Ohio Dental Association on Sept. 14 for a one-year term. Vicky Heuman performed as a supernumerary with the opera Turandot at the Schuster Center on May 18 and 20. Her husband, Bob, won the honor at the Fine Arts Alliance Gala silent auction and gave it to her as a birthday present. Emily Winnegrad received her master’s degree in speech pathology from Rush

University in Chicago. Emily is the daughter of Jim Winnegrad and Janice Manheim, and the granddaughter of Lillian Winnegrad. To celebrate her husband Bob’s 95th birthday, Gertrude Kahn is sponsoring a special Oneg Shabbat at Temple Israel on Friday, Sept. 28. A special invitation is extended to all of Bob’s former tennis players for whom something special is planned. Beth Bainbridge, daughter of Tom Bainbridge, was named to 40 Under 40 by Hunter College New York City Food Policy Center for her work to transform its food system. Beth is project director at Go!Healthy Eat Smart New York.

Learners’ Tefillah

Mon. Sept. 10 & Wed. Sept. 19 10:30 AM - 12:00 PM

We will learn the basic structure of the High Holiday prayers and their intention, hear the shofar and leave with a new meaning and understanding of our prayers and ourselves.

Family Tashlich Service Monday, September 10, 4:00 PM Hills & Dales MetroPark Dogwood Pavilion

In June, Jeremy Katz received the Jewish Federation of Greater Atlanta’s 2018 Marilyn Shubin Professional Staff Development Award for his work at the Breman Museum’s archive. The award comes with a professional development grant for Jeremy, his staff, and department. Send your Kvelling items to: or to Rachel Haug Gilbert The Dayton Jewish Observer 525 Versailles Dr., Centerville, OH 45459

Join us at the pond area for a fun and meaningful Rosh Hashana Tashlich program. We will listen to a story, enjoy delicious snacks, and sing songs! Each child will receive a special gift! Chabad of Greater Dayton 2001 Far Hills Ave. Oakwood, OH 45419 937-643-0770



Poli sci & psych professors meld disciplines for Wittenberg field study in Poland

Courtesy of Michael Anes & Heather Wright

Spouses teach Psychology of the Holocaust, Ideology & Identity in Polish Culture By Marshall Weiss sive visits to Holocaust- and The Observer Jewish-related sites, and sites “Our trip is very, very differ- related to Poland’s thousandent than many trips to Poland year-old history. The students (that is, among those which also immersed themselves in have any sort of Holocaust contemporary Polish politics theme), as we really try to unand culture. derstand the Catholic majority Over the trip, Anes taught and the multi-religious past,” Psychology of the Holocaust, Dr. Michael Anes explained in and Wright taught Ideology and a text message from Identity in Polish CulPoland during a nearly ture. Both professors four-week field study are Jewish. trip for Springfield’s This was the second Wittenberg University. time they’ve led the Anes, associate trip; the first was in professor of psychol2013. ogy, and his wife, “One of the things Dr. Heather Wright, that’s important to unassociate professor of derstand is what is the political theory, led Dr. Michael Anes real role of Catholicism nine students on the in Poland’s history, and trip to Poland, May 15 how does that relate to national to June 10. identity now,” Wright said. Their journey included ex“Because the narrative about tensive readings and study for what it means to be Polish has two courses, even more extenchanged over time periods.” THE COMPASSIONATE CARE AND CLINICAL COMPETENCE YOU DESERVE Independent Living • Assisted Living • Rehabilitation Skilled Nursing • Short Term Stays

Wittenberg University students and faculty about to help restore a section of the Jewish cemetery at Lodz as part of their field study trip to Poland, May 15-June 10

Wright explained that her subjugation throughout their class was in large part “about whole history since the foundthe fact that the Holocaust has ing of the country in 966, when happened on Polish King Mieszko became a identity, and its selfCatholic,” Anes said. concept on nationalWright said Poland’s ism. What has the narrative today is about absence of Jews meant? how Poland has always What does it mean for been Catholic since the there to be antisemibeginning. tism in the absence of “And of course, actual Jews?” that’s an erasure of the “The notion of multiple histories of Dr. Heather Poland being the Poland, which has been Wright ‘Christ of the Nations’ amplified,” Wright is really extremely important said. “It started to pick up speed to Dr. Wright’s class for underduring the two World Wars, so standing contemporary Poland it’s not just the result of Axis because of their history of powers.” According to Yad Vashem, 3.3 million Jews lived in Poland on the eve of the German occupation in 1939. At the end of the war, approximately 380,000 Polish Jews remained alive; the rest were murdered, mostly in the ghettos and the six death camps.

Today, Poland is home to only 20,000 Jews. Anes said he provided the students with some basic theories of social psychology. “In my course, what we really try to understand,” Anes said, “is what were some of the dispositional traits of Poles? Well, in many cases Poles, from a long time ago — but particularly in the interwar period when nationalism began — they were inculcated with a certain amount of antisemitism from the Catholic clergy. And that creates a certain dispositional view towards Jews and others among their midst.” With Nazi Germany’s invasion of Poland in 1939, Anes teaches the students of the situation most Poles found themselves in: subject to death if they helped the Jews. “Meanwhile, their (Jewish) neighbors, who they had

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extensive contact with through and special education major trade, were being discrimifrom Springfield who is now nated against, slowly but surely a senior, said what struck her getting worse and worse, and the most on the trip was the then killed outright in front of group’s visit to the Jewish cemthem,” he said. “So like any etery at Lodz. psychological idea, you’re look“It was just overgrown,” ing at the conflict between two Newton said. “And barely major movers of attitudes and anyone goes there to help clean behavior.” it up.” “Hannah Arendt argued that As they left the Lodz cemreally the Holocaust wasn’t etery, Anes told the students a German problem,” Wright about the pits they encountered added, “and I think that’s really there. an idea that we are trying to “There were several of these communicate to the students pits that were dug by the very too: that antisemitism is not a last people, because Lodz Polish problem, it’s not a result Ghetto was the last ghetto to of Polish culture. Antibe cleared,” Anes said. semitism was rampant “So the few people that not just in Poland. And were still in Lodz were of course, that’s true forced to dig pits for today too.” their own mass graves. Wright and Anes apThe students were all proach their academic looking down into discussions around the them.” role of individual Poles “I didn’t expect in the Holocaust, even them to be that big,” Lydia Newton in large-scale HoloNewton said. caust actions. Rachel Oliver, a “For me,” Anes said, “compolitical science and psycholplicity means large-scale ogy major from Columbus who actions organized in a way is also now a senior, said she that the Poles never were by appreciated how easy it was to themselves. Did Poles particibuild on both class experiences. pate in the Holocaust? Abso“Whenever we would go lutely. There’s no question in on an excursion, you would the historical record.” always be able to pull one of While the group toured them (Wright and Anes) aside Poland, the Polish parliament and just talk about what you adjusted a law it had passed in were thinking, always relating February which made it illegal it back to the class material,” to blame the Polish nation for Oliver said. crimes that were committed She was impressed by how by the Nazis. In June, under seriously Poles take their freepressure from the United States dom. and following protests in Israel, “The day we were in Warthe parliament shifted it from a saw, we had the opportunity criminal offense to a civil one. to tour the Presidential Palace, “All the discussion of the and it was by far my favorite Holocaust law,” Wright said, day,” Oliver said. “has resulted in a higher She was excited to see the level of (Polish) antisemitic site in the palace of the 1989 discourse.” Polish Round Table Agreement Lydia Newton, an education between the government, the

Courtesy of Michael Anes & Heather Wright

Wittenberg University students and faculty meet with Righteous Among the Nations honoree Irena Senderska-Rzonca at the Presidential Palace, Warsaw, June 1

“For us as teachers,” Anes banned Solidarity trade union, said, “it’s so complex, and we and other opposition groups. get a chance to try to teach that The agreement led to the legalto students. We hope that you ization of independent trade embrace all of this multiple unions, the introduction of the stuff going on in one time, and office of president, the annulthen bring it to your ment of the Communist loved ones and to your party general secretary, students in the future. and the formation of a That’s what we want senate. as teachers.” What Oliver learned Wright hopes more about the rise of fasJews will visit Poland, cism in her readings spend more time there, and on exhibit at Ausand bring an open chwitz also stood out mind. for her. “For me, trying to “Auschwitz was Rachel Oliver understand Poland is interesting because the like trying to understand the Soviets were the ones to form human condition or trying to the museum originally, so for understand ourselves,” Wright a long while it was dedicated says. “And it makes me really mostly to the victory of comsad to think of Jews not visiting munism,” Oliver said. “And then when the Soviets collapsed Poland because ‘that’s where in Poland, it changed narratives all the bad stuff happened, Poles are antisemitic.’ As a and it’s been changing ever political theorist, it’s a really since then. The one entirely in unhelpful narrative. We need Polish is more one for Poles.”

At the High Holy Days, Remember the Past, Share Joy in the Present.

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To see more photos from Wittenberg’s field study trip to Poland, along with blog posts from faculty and students, go to

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to embrace one another, spend time together. “I think the continuing absence of Jews in Poland only serves to inadvertently foster continuing susceptibility to antisemitic attitudes.” Their two student trips to Poland grew out of Fulbright scholarships Wright and Anes held in Poland for the 2010-11 academic year: Wright taught at the University of Lodz and learned about Polish family values, while Anes taught at the University of Finance and Management in Warsaw and conducted research in cognitive neuroscience. They hope to bring even more students on Wittenberg’s next trip to Poland.

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September One shofar, many faces Elul/Tishri Rosh Hashanah Jewish New Year

Sept. 10-11/1-2 Tishri Celebration of the beginning of the Jewish calendar year. Begins the Days of Awe, a 10-day period of repentance and prayer that ends on Yom Kippur. Celebrated with festive meals, including apples dipped in honey.

Yom Kippur Day of Atonement

Sept. 19/10 Tishri The holiest day on the Jewish calendar, marking the end of the Days of Awe, spent fasting and in prayer. The sounding of the shofar, the ram’s horn, signals the end of the holiday.

Sukkot Festival of Booths

Sept. 24-30/ 15-21 Tishri Named after the huts the Jews lived in while wandering in the desert after the Exodus from Egypt. Marked by building sukkot to eat meals in during the festival, and in the synagogue by processions with the lulav (palm branches with myrtle and willow) and etrog (citron fruit).

Shemini Atzeret

Eighth Day of Assembly Oct. 1/22 Tishri Historically, it allowed an extra day in Jerusalem for Jewish pilgrims on their journey to the Temple. Tefillat Geshem (the prayer for rain), Hallel (Psalms of thanksgiving and joy), and Yizkor (memorial prayers) are recited.

Simchat Torah

Rejoicing of the Torah

Oct. 2/23 Tishri Annual cycle of reading the Torah is concluded and a new cycle begun. Celebrated in the synagogue with singing, dancing and Torah processionals.


By Rabbi Nochum Mangel Chabad of Greater Dayton The high point of Rosh Hashanah and the unique mitzvah (commandment) of the day is the blowing of the shofar. The words of the holiday prayer book are deep and their extraordinary poetry is beautiful and moving, but the focus of the day is on the raw sound of the ram’s horn’s three basic notes. What is its significance? As a simple matter of law, it

Perspectives is a mitzvah that the Torah instructs us to do, calling Rosh Hashanah Yom Teruah, a day of the sounding of the shofar. The Torah does not offer us a reason. It only gives us the command to sound the shofar. But over the course of our long history, many have offered various meanings behind this mitzvah. Hai Gaon, a rabbi who lived during the early 11th century, compiled 10 widely-cited reasons behind the mitzvah of blowing the shofar. Among them are: • The shofar was sounded at a king’s coronation, and on Rosh Hashanah we are proclaiming God as our king just as Adam and Eve did on the sixth day of creation, the first Rosh Hashanah. • When Abraham and Isaac showed their willingness to give up everything to follow God at the time of the Binding of Isaac, God directed Abraham to take a ram caught in a thicket and offer it instead, and the horn of the ram was to be used as a shofar. The shofar reminds us of the self-sacrificial dedication of the founders of our people. • When all of Israel stood

Candle Lightings Shabbat, Sept. 7, 7:40 p.m. Erev Rosh Hashanah Sept. 9, 7:37 p.m.

So although peoat Sinai and God ple say that if you gave them the Torah, have two Jews, you everyone heard the have three opinions, sound of the shofar they are off by 67! blowing. Hearing the The strength and shofar reminds us of beauty of Torah is God’s giving us the that although there Torah. are diverse insights • When Moshiach and varied ratio(Messiah) comes, the nales, they are all prophet Elijah tells Rabbi Nochum Mangel simultaneously true. us, the great shofar But the comwill be blown. Blowmonality is the performance of ing the shofar speaks to us of the same mitzvah. No matter the coming of the Moshiach which of the 70 reasons one and the great good toward finds most compelling, each which the world is moving. person speaks of the same mitzOne hundred years later, vah of hearing the shofar. Maimonides added that the The mitzvah is the same, but sound of the shofar moves us to each of us sees in it a different return to God. It is like a voice calling, “Wake up, you sleepers, color, a different point of meaning. Each perspective is necesand return to your real pursary in order for there to be a pose, the purpose why you are door and an opening into the here in the world.” But one might ask, why does Torah and mitzvot for all. What draws one person is our tradition propose so many very often not what draws different and diverse reasons another. Therefore, there is the for this mitzvah? Wouldn’t one widest diversity of insight so be enough? that each person can find his or In Midrash Rabba, our sages her way to the core where we teach that discovering many are all one. explanations for a mitzvah is There is room for each one of not something unique to the us. In Torah learning, it is not mitzvah of shofar. Rather, as a about winning arguments or general Torah trying to prove our understandprincipal, Shivim ing is right by denying others panim laTorah — their unique insight or inspirathe Torah has 70 different faces, or as- tion. There is a purpose in our differences. Each one of us has pects. Each and every a way to connect and join with matter in Torah can be everyone else in the mitzvah. understood through a prism The shofar urges us, cries that reveals 70 different colors. to us — do not stop until you The rabbis of the Talmud are have found your inspiration. saying that the necessity for so We are meant to hear that many different faces is: “Just as sound together, as we come no person’s face looks exactly as one to be blessed by being like another’s, so too, no two people’s sensibilities are exactly written and sealed together in the Book of Life for a year of the same.” peace, plenty, and every kind of Seventy, then, is a number blessing. to express the variety of the May we finally hear the great whole group. The message is sound of Elijah’s shofar, heraldthat the Torah offers a path of ing the arrival of the righteous understanding to each person Moshiach. as unique as the person’s face.

Erev Yom Kippur Sept. 18, 7:22 p.m. Shabbat, Sept. 21, 7:17 p.m. Erev Sukkot Sept. 23, 7:14 p.m. First Eve Sukkot Sept. 24, 8:10 p.m.

Torah Portions Sept. 1, Ki Tavo (Deut. 26:1-29:8) Sept. 8, Nitzavim (Deut. 29:9-30:20)

First Eve Rosh Hashanah Sept. 10, 8:34 p.m.

Shabbat, Sept. 28, 7:06 p.m.

Sept. 15, Vayelech (Deut. 31:1-31:30)

Shabbat Shuvah Sept. 14, 7:29 p.m.

Erev Shemini Atzeret Sept. 30, 7:03 p.m.

Sept. 22, Haazinu (Deut. 32:1-52)

Beth Abraham Synagogue Conservative Rabbi Joshua Ginsberg Cantor/Dir. of Ed. & Programming Andrea Raizen Mornings, Mon. & Thurs., 7:15 a.m.; Tues., Wed., Fri., 7:30 a.m. Evenings, Mon.-Fri., 5:30 p.m. Sun., 8:30 a.m. Sat. , 9 a.m.; Youth Service, 10:30 a.m. 305 Sugar Camp Circle, Oakwood. 293-9520. Beth Jacob Congregation Traditional Saturdays 9:30 a.m., Sundays 8 a.m., Sunday through Friday, 7 p.m. 7020 N. Main St., Dayton. 274-2149. Temple Anshe Emeth Reform Rabbinic Intern Rob Gliesser 320 Caldwell St., Piqua. Call Eileen Litchfield, 937-5470092, Correspondence address: 3808 Beanblossom Rd., Greenville, OH 45331. Temple Beth Or Reform Rabbi Judy Chessin Educator/Rabbi Ari Ballaban Fridays 7 p.m. Saturdays 10 a.m. 5275 Marshall Rd., Wash. Twp. 435-3400. Temple Beth Sholom Reform Rabbi Haviva Horvitz See Web site for schedule. 610 Gladys Dr., Middletown. 513-422-8313. Temple Israel Reform Senior Rabbi Karen Bodney-Halasz Rabbi/Educator Tina Sobo First Friday each month 6 p.m. All other Fridays 6:30 p.m. Saturdays 10:30 a.m. 130 Riverside Dr., Dayton. 496-0050. Temple Sholom Reform Rabbi Cary Kozberg Fridays 6 p.m. 2424 N. Limestone St., Springfield. 399-1231.

ADDITIONAL SERVICES Chabad of Greater Dayton Rabbi Nochum Mangel Associate Rabbi Shmuel Klatzkin Youth & Prog. Dir. Rabbi Levi Simon, Teen & Young Adult Prog. Dir. Rabbi Elchonon Chaikin. Beginner educational service Saturdays 9 a.m. adults, 10 a.m children. Sundays 9 a.m. 2001 Far Hills Ave. 643-0770. Yellow Springs Havurah Independent Services 1st & 3rd Saturdays, 10-noon. Antioch College Rockford Chapel. Contact Cheryl Levine, 937-767-9293.



Beth Abraham, Dayton’s only Conservative synagogue, is enthusiastically egalitarian and is affiliated with the United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism.

High Holy Days prayer guide By Rabbi Iscah Waldman, JTA The High Holy Days prayer book, or machzor, emphasizes the themes of the Days of Awe — introspection and repentance.

read the story of the binding of Isaac, which ends with a ram as a substitute for Isaac (Gen. 22). The shofar that is so prominent on Rosh Hashanah is considered to be symbolic of this ram.

Rosh Hashanah as the opening day of a court trial

U’netaneh Tokef: Who shall live and who shall die

As the continuation of the piyyut “The great shofar is sounded. A still U’netaneh Tokef quoted above tells us, small voice is heard. This day, even the angels are alarmed, seized with fear and on Rosh Hashanah we are inscribed into the book of life, while on Yom Kiptrembling as they declare: ‘The day of pur the book is sealed. judgment is here!’” These simple lines open us up to In a loud and trumpeting voice, the the possibility of teshuvah (repentance) cantor describes the shofar ’s blast, and of reflection of our past deeds. then softly and gently describes a “still, U’netaneh Tokef is recited on both Rosh small voice.” Hashanah and Yom KipThis poignant line pur as an introductory from the Musaf (adpiyyut to the Kedushah ditional) service sets a (holiness) section in the tone for the High Holy Musaf Amidah. Days. It is a dichotomy The key line of this that is played out over prayer follows on the and over throughout heels of a long rhetorithe liturgy of the Days cal piece that demands of Awe. to know who among On these days, this congregation will we sing of the king, be here next year: How judge and awesome many will perish and sovereign who sits how many will be in judgment over us, brought high? while at the same time But, the liturgist we appeal to God’s notes, even those who mercy and longstandare fated for the worst ing tradition of forgivecan depend on the ness, likening God to following precept: a shepherd sheltering “penitence, prayer, a flock. and good deeds can annul Rosh Hashanah is the severity of the decree.” the first day of court. In Machzor for Yom Kippur, the liturgy, we see this Budapest, 1888 played out in the numThe shofar blasts ber of references to God as sovereign, The shofar is perhaps the best-known ruler and a most judicious king. feature of Rosh Hashanah services. Additions and different emphases There are two sets of shofar blasts on start as early as the beginning of the each day of the holiday. The first folShacharit (morning) service, with the lows the Torah service. The second is inword Hamelech, (the King). tertwined with three unique sections in these words also appear in the the Musaf known as Malchuyot (verses liturgy of Shabbat morning, on Rosh relating to God’s kingship), Zichronot Hashanah and Yom Kippur they are (verses relating to memory) and Shofarot highlighted in such a way that a new (verses relating to shofar). leader begins the service with a powerEach of these sections contains 10 ful note on the word “king” itself. verses on each of the topics — Malchuyot recalls that God is king, ZichroAshamnu and Avinu Malkeinu not recalls God remembering us for the good, and Shofarot gives quotes The structure of the morning serin which the shofar is sounded, in the vice on Rosh Hashanah is similar to past but mostly in the future, heralding weekday and Shabbat services. It is, future redemption. however, additional piyyutim (liturgiThe sounding of the shofar is intercal poems) such as L’eyl Orech Din (To spersed through each of these three God Who Sits in Judgment) or Adonai Melech (The Lord is King) that evoke the prayer sections, showing itself to be a part of the prayer itself. seriousness with which we would apIn Reform and other liberal congreproach a trial with the true judge. gations that do not recite Musaf, these sections — and the shofar sounding — Torah readings on are added to the morning Shacharit. Rosh Hashanah Rabbi Michael Strassfeld has writThe Torah reading on Rosh Hashaten in his book The Jewish Holidays that nah is from the story of Isaac’s birth, these three sections, unique to Rosh Hadescribing God’s kindness in giving a child to Abraham and Sarah in their old shanah, reflect three central principles Continued on next page age (Gen. 21). On the second day, we

For a complete schedule of our events and times, go to Beth Abraham is Dayton’s only Conservative synagogue, affiliated with the United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism. We are an enthusiastically egalitarian synagogue. We also have an energetic Keruv program that reaches out to intermarried couples and families in our synagogue and in the Dayton Jewish community.

For a complete schedule of our events, go to

Wishing you peace & fulfillment in the new year. Looking for a place to worship for the High Holy Days? We invite you to join us. No tickets required. See for our service schedule. Youth services & babysitting available.


Wednesday, Sept. 19. A light meal following the Yom Kippur Neilah Concluding Service. R.S.V.P.

Sisterhood’s Annual Sunset in the Sukkah

Thursday, Sept. 27, 6 p.m. Socializing, friendship & Sisterhood. Hors d’oeuvres & dessert. $10 non-Sisterhood members. R.S.V.P.

Simchat Torah Celebration

Monday, Oct. 1. Pasta dinner at 5:30 p.m. ($10 adults, $5 children 3-12, R.S.V.P.) Singing & dancing with Torahs at 6:30 p.m. with our Beth Abraham Band followed by Ice Cream Sundae Bar. Service Schedule: Mornings, Mon. & Thurs., 7:15 a.m.; Tues., Wed., Fri., 7:30 a.m.; Sunday, 8:30 a.m. Evenings, Mon.-Fri., 5:30 p.m. Sat. Morning Service, 9 a.m.; Youth Service, 10:30 a.m.; Kiddush lunch following.




Prayer guide

100 Days of Tikkun Olam ends September 11, as we end Rosh Hashanah and begin another new year. Thank you to our donors who support us so that we can be here when you need us. 1 0 0 D AY S


Tikkun Olam

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Continued from previous page of Judaism: • The acceptance of God as King of Universe. • The acknowledgement that God intervenes in the world to punish the wicked and reward the good. • The recognition that God was revealed in the giving of the Torah at Sinai and again will be revealed at the end of days. If we were to pick out one piyyut as an archetype of the theology of Rosh Hashanah, we might choose L’eyl Orekh Din (To God Who Sits in Judgment). The poem begins by declaring that God “probes all of our hearts” and therefore will always know our most secret thoughts and fears. It moves on to say that God suppresses wrath in judgment, so that regardless of the dark nature of our secret sins, God will suppress anger in discovering them. It ends by announcing that God acts with compassion, accepts God’s subjects, and guards those who love God. We may take from this that even while we call Rosh Hashanah Yom Ha Din (Day of Judgment), we can look forward to the end of the process in which we will be loved, accepted and forgiven our sins. This is the overall theological message that the Rosh Hashanah liturgy wishes to portray: We still have hope.

Yom Kippur: The Day of Judgment

The overall theological message that the Rosh Hashanah liturgy wishes to portray: We still have hope.

If we view Rosh Hashanah as the first day of a court case, then we would see Yom Kippur as the day on which the verdict is handed down. The tension mounts as we near the Day of Judgment, and this can be seen in the liturgy as well. The evening of Yom Kippur begins with a once-controversial prayer, Kol Nidre (All Vows), that has since become the symbol for the solemnity of the day. In this prayer, repeated three times, we implore that all vows and oaths that we have made throughout the year will be forgiven us, so that we might enter into this coming year with a clean slate, forgiven for any promises we might inadvertently have broken. Many rabbis viewed this as an unnecessary absolution that might lead people to sin by taking their vows too lightly in the future. However, this prayer has proven to be so popular and powerful among the people, it has become a centerpiece of the holiday.

Forgiveness and confessions All five services on Yom Kippur include a section known as Selichot (forgiveness prayers) and another one called the Vidui (confessions). The Seli-


chot include a basic confession of sins, an expression of our contrition, and reflections on God’s forgiving nature. We recite God’s 13 attributes, which are taken from Exodus 34. In it, we assert that God is compassionate, patient and righteous. Included in the Vidui is the Ashamnu, an alphabetical acrostic of different sins we have committed. It is said in first-person plural because while each individual may not have committed these specific sins, as a community we surely have, and on this day our fates are intertwined. We also read the Al Chet (For The Sin), a prayer that similarly lists transgressions we have made over the year. These two sections best reflect the theology of the day: We are in a state of selfreflection. We admit our sins fully, and even beat our breasts while doing so. We place our fates in God’s hands, for God is Tov V’Salah (good and forgiving). Yom Kippur Musaf (Shacharit for Reform synagogues) is different from Rosh Hashanah in that we do not add Malchuyot, Zichronot and Shofarot, but instead include a section on the Avodah, a description of the sacrifices and rituals performed by the High Priest in the Holy Temple on Yom Kippur. We also add a piece known as the martyrology, a solemn section in which we recall 10 martyrs who were killed in most brutal ways, giving their lives while declaring their faith for the world to hear.

Neilah: The gates are locked

It is the final service on Yom Kippur, Neilah — literally locking (of gates) — which paints an image of the gates of heaven closing, lending urgency to our prayers and our need for repentance and forgiveness. We begin the service with a piyyut that asks God to “open the gate” and let us enter so that we might have a final appeal before God’s decree is sealed. There is a silent Amidah prayer, like at all services, which is repeated by the cantor. Throughout Neilah, the language of being “written” in the book of life used thus far in High Holy Day liturgy shifts, as we instead speak of being “sealed” in that book. The final section of Neilah includes a recitation of the Shema (Hear O Israel) and these lines: Baruch Shem K’vod (Blessed be God’s name …”) three times, and Adonai Hu HaElohim (The Lord is our God) seven times. We conclude with a long blast of the shofar. Thus ends the period of the High Holy Days. We begin with contrition and awe as we enter the courtroom for our trial. We end with the acceptance of our verdict and the assertion that the Lord is our God: powerful, all knowing and of course, compassionate.


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Blueberry & Honey Cake: the best of summer & fall By Emanuelle Lee Rosh Hashanah has a way of sneaking up on us, and it’s a bittersweet feeling when it does. Bitter because it means the summer is over, but sweet because the Jewish New Year is a sweet and delicious time of year to spend with family and friends. One other sweet spot of the Jewish New Year is honey cake — often baked, gifted and eaten in abundance during the holidays. The cake is quite sweet and usually spiked with autumnal spices, almost like a surrender to the season that is approaching. In this embrace of autumn and of the year to come, we often forget to make the most of what’s left of the summer produce. This honey cake recipe combines the best of both seasons: fresh blueberries, moist honey cake and a hint of spice. It’s the perfect send-off for the last remaining blueberries of the season, and to welcome of a new year. 3 cups self-raising flour 1/2 tsp. salt 1 Tbsp. baking powder 3 tsp. cinnamon 1 tsp. ginger powder

1/4 tsp. allspice 1/2 cup brown sugar 2 large eggs 3/4 cup coconut or vegetable oil 1 cup honey 1 tsp. vanilla extract zest of 1 orange 1/4 cup orange juice 1 Tbsp. whiskey 1 Tbsp. almond milk 1/4 cup coffee, cooled down 2 cups blueberries (you can use frozen if you need to) For the topping: 1/4 cup toasted almonds, chopped 1 cup confectioners’ sugar juice of 2 lemons zest of 1 orange additional blueberries 1. Preheat the oven to 350 degrees. 2. In a large mixing bowl, combine the flour, salt, baking powder, spices and sugar; mix well. 3. In a separate bowl, combine the eggs, oil, honey, vanilla extract, orange juice, whisky, almond milk and coffee. Combine the ingredients thoroughly with whisk or a hand mixer until smooth. Make a well in the center of the dry

ingredients and add the wet mixture into the well. Whisk until you have a smooth cake batter with no lumps, making sure there is no flour at the bottom of the bowl. Add the blueberries and mix well. 4. Grease a 9-inch cake pan with a little bit of vegetable or coconut oil. 5. Pour in the cake batter and allow it to settle and even out for a few minutes. 6. Bake for 40-50 minutes or until a skewer comes out clean when pressed into the middle of the cake. 7. Allow the cake to cool a little and then remove from the cake pan. Allow it to cool fully. 8. Meanwhile, make the glaze: Combine the confectioners’ sugar with the orange zest and the lemon juice. Mix well with a spoon until smooth with no lumps and it has reached a syrupy consistency. 9. When the cake has cooled, drizzle it with the glaze and sprinkle it with blueberries and the toasted almonds. Enjoy for up to three days and store it in the refrigerator, covered. Serves eight to 10.

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Celebrate the Warmth of Traditional Judaism at Beth Jacob Synagogue for the High Holidays. High Holiday Services 2018/5779

Rabbi Adam Rosenthal

Rabbi Adam Rosenthal and Cantor Jerome Kopmar will be leading us in prayers for the High Holidays. Beth Jacob Congregation invites and encourages the community to join us for Inspirational High Holiday Traditional services.

Sunday, September 9 First Night Rosh Hashanah

Saturday, September 15 Shabbat Shuvah

Monday, September 10 Rosh Hashanah I

Tuesday, September 18 Erev Yom Kippur—Kol Nidrei

Minchah/Ma’ariv: 6:30 PM Candle Lighting: 7:37 PM

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Morning Service: 8:30 AM Torah Service: 10:00 AM Shofar: 11:30 AM Tashlich: 7:00 PM Minchah/Ma’ariv: 7:30 PM Candle Lighting: 8:34 PM

Tuesday, September 11 Rosh Hashanah II

Morning Service: 8:30 AM Torah Service: 10:00 AM Shofar: 11:30 AM Minchah/Ma’ariv: 7:30 PM Havdalah: 8:33 PM

Morning Services: 9:30 AM Havdalah: 8:26 PM

Minchah/Kol Nidrei: 7:00 PM Candle Lighting/Fast Begins: 7:23 PM

Wednesday, September 19 Yom Kippur

Morning Service: 9:00 AM Torah Service: 10:40 AM Yizkor: 12:00 PM Break: 3:00 PM Minchah: 5:30 PM Neilah: 7:00 PM Ma’ariv 8:10 PM Havdalah: 8:22 PM Shofar Blast/Fast Ends: 8:32 PM Break Fast at conclusion of service

Break Fast—$10.00—RSVP required by 9/14/18. Childcare available only upon request.

7020 North Main Street • Dayton, Ohio 45415 274-2149 •

L’Shanah Tovah

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Congregation Anshe Emeth 320 Caldwell St. • Piqua Reform Congregation • Organized 1858 • Small, Warm and Welcoming!


Rabbinic Intern Rob Gleisser • No Tickets Required • SEPT. 9, SUNDAY Evening: 6 p.m. gather for carry-in dairy dinner. 6:30 p.m. dinner. 8 p.m. Erev Rosh Hashanah Service, Oneg follows. • SEPT. 10, MONDAY, 10 a.m. Rosh Hashanah Services. Youth Study Session, 10-11 a.m. • SEPT. 18, TUESDAY, 8 p.m. Kol Nidre Service. • SEPT. 19, WEDNESDAY, 10 a.m. Yom Kippur. Youth Study Session, 10-11 a.m. 4:30 p.m. hand-crafted Afternoon & Yizkor Services, Break the Fast provided. pizzas and • • Like us on Facebook much more hand-crafted pizzas and much more

Sweet updates for your New Years’ menus Lamb Stew with Pomegranate

515 Wayne Ave. in beautiful Downtown Dayton 937-496-5268 Monday-Saturday 515 Wayne Ave. 11am – 10pm in beautiful Closed Sunday Downtown Dayton 937-496-5268 Monday-Saturday 11am – 10pm Closed Sunday


By Shannon Sarna The sweetest time of year is upon us, quite literally: It’s Rosh Hashanah. And while I know most families have their standard holiday dishes they make year after year, sometimes it’s nice to swap in a new appetizer, alternating main dish or quick but delicious new dessert to serve. Trade in your beet and apple salad for some sweet beet latkes. Instead of a brisket, try a slow-cooked pomegranate lamb stew. And if you want the easiest, cutest apple dessert, you’ve got to try my friend Sheri Silver’s easy as apple pie cookies. Beet + Sweet Potato Latkes There’s no reason to save latkes for Chanukah. And beets are actually a traditional food to enjoy for the New Year, which makes these appetizers

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2 medium beets 1 small sweet potato (can also use 2 carrots) 1 medium Idaho potato 2 eggs 1/4 cup all-purpose flour 1 tsp. fresh thyme 1 tsp. salt Additional sea salt for sprinkling 1. Peel beets, sweet potato and potato. Cut each in half. In three or four batches, place vegetables through food processor for a coarse grate (you can also grate coarsely by hand). 2. Place mixture in a large bowl. Add eggs, flour, thyme and salt. 3. Heat around 1/4 cup vegetable oil in a large sauté pan over medium-high heat.

Form bite-size mounds of latkes, taking care not to squeeze too much liquid out of the latkes. Fry until brown and crispy on each side, then place on a wire rack on top of a baking sheet to cool. Immediately sprinkle with an additional pinch of salt while they are still hot. 4. Serve warm with applesauce, if desired. Lamb Stew with Pomegranate Brisket is the quintessential American Jewish dish for holidays. But in Israel and for Sephardi Jews, lamb is a far more common main dish to serve for special occasions. This lamb is sweet and savory, and actually takes less time to cook than a brisket. It’s perfect to serve on top of fluffy couscous or rice, and it’s particularly striking due to the jewel-toned pomegranate seeds and fresh herbs on top. 3 lbs. lamb stew meat, cut into 2- to 4-inch pieces 1 large onion, sliced 3 garlic cloves, minced 1-2 tsp. salt 1 tsp. pepper 3 cinnamon sticks 21/2 to 3 cups water or stock 3 Tbsp. pomegranate molasses, plus extra for drizzling 1 cup pomegranate seeds, divided Fresh parsley, mint and/or cilantro for serving


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the perfect symbolic, sweet and satisfying dish to serve at the holidays.

Beet + Sweet Potato Latkes

1. Heat a heavy casserole with a little oil over mediumhigh heat. Sear lamb pieces on each side until lightly golden. 2. Remove lamb. THE DAYTON JEWISH OBSERVER • SEPTEMBER 2018

3. Add onion and sauté until translucent. Add garlic and sauté for another three minutes. 4. Place lamb back into the pot and add salt, pepper, cinnamon stick, pomegranate molasses and half the pomegranate seeds. 5. Add 2 to 21/2 cups water or stock, until meat is covered. Bring to a boil. 6. Reduce the heat to lowmedium, cover and continue to cook over low heat for about two hours. Check on stew periodically, and add more water if needed. Lamb should be fork tender when it is done. 7. Serve stew over couscous or rice. Drizzle top of stew with additional pomegranate molasses (around 1-2 tablespoons), the remaining pomegranate seeds, and freshly chopped herbs such as parsley, mint and/or cilantro. Sheri Silver’s Easy Apple Pie Cookies This recipe comes straight from a dear friend and colleague who always knows just how to make dessert super easy, super adorable, and super delicious. The secret to these cookies is a rich crumble topping and store-bought pie crust. For the streusel: 4 Tbsp. unsalted butter, melted 3/4 cup flour 1/4 cup light brown sugar 1/4 cup white sugar 1/2 tsp. cinnamon pinch of kosher salt For the filling: 2 Granny Smith apples, peeled, cored, and diced

2 Tbsp. brown sugar 2 Tbsp. unsalted butter juice from one lemon pinch of kosher salt 1/2 tsp. cinnamon 1 store-bought refrigerated pie crust, at room temperature 1. Make the streusel: Line a small baking sheet with parchment paper. Combine the streusel ingredients in a bowl, breaking up any large clumps, and spread onto your baking sheet. Set aside to dry (can be made a day ahead; store covered at room temperature). 2. Make the filling: Combine the filling ingredients in a saucepan and cook over medium heat, stirring until the mixture comes to a simmer. Cook for 5-10 minutes, until the apples are slightly softened. Remove from heat, drain the liquid, and cool completely (may be made a day ahead; store in the fridge). 3. Preheat oven to 350 degrees. Grease and flour a 12-cup muffin tin or line with parchment paper cups. Unroll your pie crust and use a glass or cookie cutter to cut circles that are slightly larger — about 1/4 inch — than the base of your muffin cups (I used a 21/2inch cutter). 4. Place the circles in the bottom of each muffin cup, pressing gently along the sides and bottoms. Spoon some apple filling into each crust and top with the streusel. 5. Bake cookies for 20 minutes or until streusel is golden brown. Cool completely in tins on a wire rack. Serve immediately or store, covered, for up to three days.

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Easy Apple Pie Cookies

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By Ethel G. Hofman, JNS While everyone wants a traditional High Holy Days meal, no one wants to spend a week shopping, chopping, boiling, baking and freezing dish after dish. And these days, there’s really no need for it. While you can’t avoid the shopping, you can skip the other lengthy processes with just a bit of pre-planning and a dollop of shortcuts. These recipes serve six to eight. Autumn Gazpacho (Pareve) A slice of multigrain bread gives this a gentle, nutty texture. If preferred, substitute challah. 1 (14.5 oz.) can diced tomatoes 1½-2 cups bottled Bloody Mary mix* Juice of ½ lemon ½ cucumber, peeled and cut in chunks 1 medium tomato, cut into 6 chunks

1 slice multigrain bread, torn in chunks 2 tsp. honey Salt and fresh ground pepper to taste ¼ cup basil leaves packed Unpeeled cucumber slices for garnish (optional) In blender or food processor, place all ingredients except salt, pepper, and basil. Whirl 15 to 20 seconds at high for a desired texture. Pour into a bowl. Season to taste with salt and pepper. Shred the basil with scissors and stir in. Refrigerate overnight. Pour into small glasses. Float two thin slices of cucumber on top (optional). *May substitute 1½ cups vegetable juice with ½ teaspoon each dried basil, dried oregano and fresh ground pepper stirred in. Shopping list: Bloody Mary mix or vegetable juice, lemon, tomato, cucumber, fresh basil.

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Trim parsley stems. Pull leaves off basil and discard stems. Dill may be used without trimming. Rinse well in cold water. Spin dry all herbs in salad spinner. Place in food processor. Pulse to chop coarsely. Transfer to a large bowl. Add the chickpeas and remaining ingredients. Toss gently to mix. Serve at room temperature. Note: May be made the day beforehand; cover and refrigerate. Shopping list: can of chickpeas, parsley, basil, dill, cucumber, dried cranberries, cumin. Za’atar Salmon in a Pouch (Pareve) 8 pieces aluminum foil, each 15×18 inches 16 thin asparagus spears, each cut in half 1 large sweet onion, cut in 8 slices 8 salmon fillets (6 to 8 oz.

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and three tablespoons of water. Stir over medium heat to dissolve sugar and bring to a boil, about five minutes. In a large serving bowl, toss the noodles with the margarine and cinnamon-sugar. Pour the blueberry mixture over top and serve hot. Note: Blueberry sauce may be made ahead of time and heated when needed. Shopping list: noodles, blueberries.

each) 1 Tbsp. za’atar spice* 8 Tbsp. peach-mango salsa** 8 sprigs dill 8 lemon wedges Spray aluminum foil with nonstick vegetable spray. To assemble: On center of one sheet of foil, place one asparagus spear (two pieces). Top with a slice of onion, then a salmon fillet. Sprinkle lightly with za’atar. Drizzle a tablespoon of salsa over and then top with a sprig of dill. Bring the long edges of foil up and over the salmon to meet at center. Fold over loosely to create a tight seal. Then fold edges at each side to seal. Place on a baking sheet. Repeat with remaining ingredients. May be refrigerated four to six hours before cooking. Bake in a preheated 450-degree oven for 18 to 20 minutes, depending on thickness of salmon fillet. A 1-inch fillet will need closer to 20 minutes. *A lively Middle Eastern spice blend of thyme, sesame and sumac. Also add to olive oil for dipping. It’s now available in many supermarkets. **May substitute a tomato/ vegetable salsa. Shopping list: 8 salmon fillets (6 to 8 oz. each), za’atar spice, large onion, 16 thin asparagus spears, peach mango salsa, dill. Moroccan Couscous with Currants and Carrots (Pareve) Couscous is not a grain. It’s a pasta made from semolina flour, which is extremely high in gluten. 2 packages (approx. 5.7 oz. each) Near East couscous ½ cup currants 16-oz. package baby carrots, peeled ½ cup extra-virgin olive oil ¼ cup fresh lemon juice ½ tsp. cumin or turmeric ½ tsp. salt ½ tsp. fresh ground pepper ½ cup finely snipped mint, divided Prepare couscous according to package direction. Stir in currants. Cover and set aside to keep warm. Whisk together the olive oil, lemon juice, cumin or turmeric, salt and pepper. Stir in ¼ cup mint. Set aside. In a large saucepan, cover carrots with boiling water. Bring to boil and cook for 10 minutes, or until fork-tender. Drain well. Transfer to a serving bowl. Pour olive-oil mixture over

Use za’atar to spice up salmon

and stir gently to mix. Spoon the carrots over the couscous. Sprinkle remaining mint over to garnish. Serve warm. *May be prepared a few hours ahead of time. Cover loosely with plastic wrap. Reheat in microwave for two to three minutes or until warm. Sprinkle mint over just before serving. Shopping list: two packages couscous, currants, peeled baby carrots, mint.

Apple-Walnut Cobbler (Pareve) Prepare, bake, and serve in a single dish. No bowls to wash. 6 medium apples 1 stick (4 oz.) margarine, cut in 4 pieces 1 cup self-rising flour 1 cup sugar ½ cup nondairy creamer ½ cup cold water ¾ tsp. orange extract 10-12 walnut halves 1-2 Tbsp. honey to drizzle

Oma’s Noodles and Blueberries (Pareve) From my late husband’s grandmother’s kitchen. She used fresh blueberries, but in September, I use frozen or little blue Italian plums, stones removed and quartered.

Preheat oven to 350 degrees. Core and quarter apples. Do not peel. Cut into wedges about one-quarter-inch thick. Set aside. In an ovenproof dish, 11×7 inches, place margarine. Set in microwave to melt, 30 to 40 seconds, depending on microwave wattage. To the melted margarine add flour, sugar, nondairy creamer, water and orange extract. Stir to blend. Scatter apple wedges and walnuts over top, making sure to cover the batter. Do not stir. Drizzle with honey. Bake in preheated oven 45 to 50 minutes or until nicely browned and bubbly at edges. Serve warm or at room temperature. Shopping list: apples, nondairy creamer, walnut halves.

1 package (12 oz.) medium egg noodles cup sugar 2 Tbsp. fresh lemon juice 3 cups blueberries 2 Tbsp. margarine 2 Tbsp. cinnamon-sugar In a large saucepan of boiling water, cook noodles until tender but still firm (five to seven minutes). Drain in a colander. Meanwhile, in a medium saucepan, stir together the sugar, lemon juice, blueberries


L’Shanah Tovah George & Ruth Barnett & Family Best wishes for a happy, healthy new year Dena Briskin

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Wild West wisdom The Bible: Wisdom Literature Frontier justice. Outlaw gangs. Gunslingers. Vengeanceseekers. Accurate or not, these images of the Wild West reflect widely-held views about the American era of westward expansion. They’re not all that different from images of a periodically chaotic, lawless, and violent Israelite experience during the settlement of Canaan as recorded in the Book of Judges. Except for Samson and Deli-

Candace R. Kwiatek lah, tales of the biblical judges are unfamiliar to most modern audiences. Divinely ordained champions, they functioned primarily as temporary military leaders during the first 300 years of Israel’s history. After the death of Joshua, Israel began to adopt pagan ideas and practices from the surrounding communities. In response to their abandonment of the Covenant, God allowed Israel to be oppressed by foreign nations. When the Israelites cried out, God sent a judge to vanquish their enemies, and Israel returned to serving God — until they didn’t. Seven times this cycle repeated, a downward spiral of corruption, subjugation, repentance, and deliverance. The Book of Judges is arguably the goriest narrative in the Bible. Nevertheless, it offers a wealth of wisdom, with three

themes of particular relevance for today.

Zicharon — Remembrance

The Book of Judges records that “The people served the Lord during the time of Joshua and the lifetime of the older people who lived on after Joshua and who had witnessed all the marvelous deeds that the Lord had wrought for Israel… Another generation arose after them…They were quick to turn aside from the way their fathers had followed in obedience to the commandments of the Lord.” How could Israel have abandoned their ancestry, God, and the commandments? The text answers, “They forgot the Lord their God.” Not literally, of course. But, influenced by the surrounding pagan cultures, they began treating God like the local single-purpose deities, to be called upon only for rescue from oppression. Then again, who was instructing Israel about the uniquely singular God of Exodus and Creation who desires ethical behavior? Who was encouraging Sinaitic traditions or culture? Who was teaching the Israelite story? The text is silent. “Memory is a gift,” writes pastor, author, and educator Charles Swindoll. “Remembering the past teaches us countless lessons about how to live today. The Israelites forgot. They did not remember the miraculous events that brought them to their land or the covenant that united them to their God.”

Wisdom: The loss of memory is the loss of identity.

a central Judges theme: actions have consequences. God selected a common farmManhigut — Leadership er, Gideon, and a left-handed soldier, Ehud — oft despised More than half of the judges castes — to be Israel’s champiaccomplished their tasks in ons. Jephthah, despite being a narratives of a few verses and died in relative obscurity. Other notable warrior however, was rejected by his half-brothers for chronicles are more detailed. An ingenious military strate- being the son of a prostitute. He fled, becoming the leader of a gist, Gideon refused to accept the Israelites’ request to be king, band of worthless rebels. Wisdom: How we see others in deference to God. Yet the is often what they become. golden ephod he made to comDespite Gideon’s divinely-inmemorate his victory became an spired defeat of the Midianites, object of Israelite worship. the Israelites forgot the Lord Jephthah offered peace and and failed to show loyalty to conciliation to Israel’s enemies Gideon’s family after his death. before taking up arms. After Thus it happened that Gidea victorious battle, though, he sacrificed his daughter in fulfill- on’s selfish son Abimelech was able to murder all but one of his ment of his oath. 70 half-brothers, crown himself As for Samson, he successking, and tear apart a nation fully began the rescue of Israel from the Philistines as God had before he was killed. Wisdom: Ingratitude is depredicted, despite his penchant structive. for juvenile pranks, womanizing, and vengeance. Applauded for their significant accomplishments, these judges are also recognized as flawed individuals. Leaders can fail in one area while fulfilling an important role in another, notes Prof. Elie Assis, head of the Department of Bible Studies at Bar Ilan University. “At times (judges) demonstrate spectacular courage, charisma, ingenuity and leadership, and sometimes they are seen as possessing a problematic personality.” However, he continues, a worthy leader is one who, first and foremost, worries about the nation. Wisdom: Quality leadership is demonstrated by commitment to the group and its mission, not public acclaim or personal perfection.

When challenged over Israel’s right to the land of Gilead, Jephthah offered a calm and reasoned response in the vain hope of averting a war. To secure a military victory, he rashly vowed a sacrifice and his daughter died as a consequence. In a separate tale, Samson shared the secret of his strength with Delilah in response to her flattery and deceit. As a result he was blinded and enslaved. Wisdom: Every word and every silence has substance and power. The Book of Judges concludes, “In those days there was no king in Israel; every man did what was right in his own eyes.” Reflecting an era of moral relativism not unlike that of today, this chronicle of the biblical Wild West is thought provoking and well worth mining for its nuggets of time-tested wisdom.

The Feldman, Moscowitz and Foster Families wish you a sweet New Year filled with good health and happiness.

Menschlichkeit — Character

The following are just three character examples highlighting

Literature to share Yaffa and Fatima, Shalom, Salaam by Fawzia Gilani-Williams. In the Land of Milk and Honey, neighbors Yaffa and Fatima are both alike and different. Most importantly, they are friends. And they worry about each other when a drought threatens their date crops. In this beautiful and creative retelling of a folktale featuring two brothers, expressive line drawings on neutral backgrounds are highlighted by signature blue and red colors. A simple but well-crafted story about cultural differences, shared humanity, and friendship for preschool and primary grades.

This Narrow Space: A Pediatric Oncologist, His Jewish, Muslim, and Christian Patients, and a Hospital in Jerusalem by Elisha Waldman. A memoir and a commentary on cultural and social issues in Israel, this nonfiction work is hard to put down. Filled with engaging anecdotes, observations, and critiques, Narrow Space is as much about the author’s maturation as it is about his patients and their families. An idealistic immigrant, Waldman is quickly faced with the realities of the Israeli medical system, challenges in patient access, and confusing cultural nuances. But his disenchantment doesn’t overshadow the impact of his stories and reflections on the interplay of medicine, culture, and hope in managing chronic and terminal conditions in children. Thought-provoking.




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Gloria H. Brackman, age 84 of Dayton, passed away July 28. Mrs. Brackman worked for many years at Fashion Bug, where she not only sold clothing, but also expressed empathy and good will. She often wrote poetry for her customers to include with their purchase. She made people feel important and valued, traits that helped her become a top sales representative with World Book Encyclopedias and successful volunteer with the Schuster Center and Victoria Theatre. Mrs. Brackman also taught religious school at both Beth Jacob Congregation and Temple Israel for many years. Even as adults, former students contacted her to express their appreciation for the positive impact she made in their lives. She was preceded in death by her beloved husband of 59 years, Robert Brackman; parents, Esther and Herman Siegel; and sisters, Sandy, Linda and Natalie. Mrs. Brackman is survived by her daughter, Judith Martin of Dayton; son Dr. David (Dr. Deveonne) Brackman of Columbus; as well as close relatives Dr. David and Joan Marcus formerly of

Dayton, and Audrey Heller of Cleveland. Her family was the center of her life. She will be greatly missed. Interment was at Riverview Cemetery. Memorial contributions may be made to the American Cancer Society or Hospice of Dayton. Lois A. Hoffman (Mitman) age 81 of Dayton, died July 29. Mrs. Hoffman was by any measure an extraordinary woman. She lived her life by the spiritual guidepost of improving the world. From the time she was a newlywed, Mrs. Hoffman bought food for the foodbank, knit sweaters for Children’s Medical Center, blankets for the Women’s Shelter, and cooked food for the St. Vincent Hotel. After she was diagnosed with myeloma, she observed other patients who had lost their hair and she knitted caps during her treatment for patients at the James Cancer Hospital. Mrs. Hoffman received her bachelor’s degree in education from The Ohio State University and began her carrier as a dental hygienist for Drs. Robert and Thomas Theil DDS for 36 years before retiring. She was a longtime member of Beth Abraham

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Synagogue and Sisterhood. She was preceded in death by her sister, Eileen Karp and dear cousin, Carole Rabinowitz. Mrs. Hoffman is survived by her beloved husband of 58 years, Louis I.; daughters, Jenny Hoffman of Baltimore, Meredith Trabitz of Columbus, Betsy Hoffman of New York; grandchildren, Sam, Evan and Zach; nephew, Paul Ringer and his family; dear cousin, Beverly Louis and many loving cousins in Dayton, Cincinnati and Columbus. Interment was at Beth Abraham Cemetery. Donations may be made to James Cancer Hospital Multiple Myeloma Research Fund #306144, The Hospice of Dayton or Beth Abraham Synagogue in Mrs. Hoffman’s memory. The family expresses special gratitude to Dr. Craig Hofmeister for the exceptional care he provided to Mrs. Hoffman. Dr. Melvin J. Lipton, age 80 of Dayton, passed away July 22. Dr. Lipton was a proud graduate of The Ohio State University Dental School and was a forever Buckeyes fan. He served as a captain in the United States Air Force. He practiced dentistry for almost 50 years. Dr. Lipton was a life-long learner. He received his Eagle Scout honor at age 14, and worked with the Red Cross. In Dayton, Dr. Lipton was active with the Jewish Federation, and served as chair of Jewish Family Service and the Covenant House board. In his later years, he loved to take classes at UD’s Osher Lifelong Learning Institute. Dr. Lipton was passionate about running. He loved to run through the woods, especially Aullwood Gardens. Dr. Lipton would also talk about the importance of stretching, demonstrating techniques even while he was in the hospital. Dr. Lipton is survived by his loving wife of 53 years, Judy Rosen Lipton; his beloved dog, Coach; daughter, Hilari (Lori Pike) Lipton; son, Craig Lipton; sisters, Kay (Bob) Weprin, Gerri Cutler; brother Stephen (Mythan) Lipton; many nieces and nephews. Interment was at Tifereth Israel Cemetery, Columbus. Memorial contributions may be made to Richard Solove Research Institute Fund #301352, 1480 W. Lane Ave., Columbus, OH 43221 or The Ohio State University Dental School 1480 W. Lane Ave., Columbus, OH 43221.



Focus Features

Why Spike Lee’s BlacKkKlansman is a cautionary tale for 21st-century Jews demnations of blacks and the Movie Review “Jewish justices of the Supreme By Charles Dunst, JTA Court.” Lulling the viewer — In 1965, two young Jewish perhaps only the naive white men, Andrew Goodman and viewer — into a false state of Michael Schwerner, were murcomfort, Lee’s opening implies dered along with black activthat organized white supremist James Chaney by Ku Klux acy, as embodied by Baldwin's Klansmen in a Southern horror character, is an antiquity of our memorialized in the 1988 film American past to be laughed Mississippi Burning. at rather than a contemporary My own Jew-adjacent summovement to be feared. mer camp showed the film to The first us when we hour or so of were about 12, BlackkKlansman the film, chock with a nonis an alarm clock, full of racial Jewish camp director adding telling Jews — who quips and legitimately funny in an impasmoments, sioned speech still need police that while the protection at their continues the purposeful misdays of the places of worship conception. violent Klan Lee porhad passed, — to wake up. trays white it was our resupremacists sponsibility, as as sloppy and ignorant. It is well-meaning white people, to only when Klan Grand Wizard eradicate casual racism. and National Director David Spike Lee’s BlacKkKlansman Duke (Topher Grace) arrives initially shares his well-meanin Colorado Springs that the ing optimism before dashing it proverbial comedic hood comes in favor of a grimmer reality. The film, in which two cops — a black and a Jew — go unPraying for Peace dercover to infiltrate the Klan, is based on a true story whose in The New Year racial hijinks may remind viewers of Dave Chappelle’s famous “black white supremacist” skit. Alec Baldwin opens BlacKMRINetwork kKlansman, set in 1972, with a Management cameo as a white supremacist Recruiters of Dayton filming an infomercial. Dressed Noble Staffing Solutions like a B-list Col. Sanders, he Jeff Noble repeatedly fumbles his con-

off of BlacKkKlansman, revealing a bleaker plot indicative of a disquieting reality. BlacKkKlansman becomes not fun at all when Duke, speaking at a private KKK banquet, embarks on a campaign speech of sorts, telling his followers exactly what they want to hear about blacks, Jews, and the like. The Klansmen and their wives and girlfriends soon enthusiastically watch D.W. Griffith’s The Birth of a Nation, the 1915 film that Richard Brody of The New Yorker calls a “racist fabrication which had the immediate practical result of reinvigorating the Klan nationwide.” Lee intercuts the banquet scene with a visit to the Colorado College Black Student Union from a man named Mr. Turner (Harry Belafonte), who tells, in agonizing detail, the story of a lynching of his friend, Jesse Washington, noting that he hid in the attic to avoid being found while locals sold Washington’s Continued on next page

Adam Driver and John David Washington in BlacKkKlansman


McManus State Representative District 41 Your EAR at Home, Your VOICE in Columbus From all of us on Team McManus,

Best wishes to all of our Jewish friends during these blessed holy days! Paid for by Friends of John McManus, John McManus, Treasurer, 1314 Oakdale Avenue, Dayton, OH 45420

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From Door to Door:


JUDAISM 2018-2019

» Interested in Jewish history and ritual? » Involved in an interfaith relationship? » Seeking Conversion? » Want to learn more about your Jewish neighbors, friends, or family members?

Mondays, 7–8:30PM October 8–February 25 (16 sessions)

$75 for books and materials per unit (couples or singles) Organized and taught by the rabbis of The Synagogue Forum of Greater Dayton, this course offers an in-depth look at Judaism from Conservative, Orthodox/Traditional, and Reform perspectives. Guest speakers also offer their insights and broaden exposure to the Jewish community. More information and registration at or contact: Rabbi Judy Chessin (937) 435-3400

Jodi Phares (937) 610-5513

Presented by the Synagogue Forum of Greater Dayton; Beth Abraham Synagogue, Beth Jacob Congregation, Temple Beth Or, Temple Israel; with the support of the Jewish Federation of Greater Dayton

Bikes & Bourbon October 5–8

A 4-day, fully supported bicycle tour of Kentucky’s signature landmarks, bourbon distilleries, beautiful backroads, and thoroughbred horse farms. In honor of Israel’s birthday, each day will feature a 70mile ride, as well as shorter rides and activities for non-rider participants.

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Spike Lee’s BlacKkKlansman tells the story of two cops, a black and a Jew, infiltrating the Ku Klux Klan in 1972

BlacKkKlansman Continued from previous page body parts and celebrated his murder in postcards. (The lynching, which took place in Waco, Texas, is a true story). Ron Stallworth (John David Washington), the black cop ironically assigned to protect Duke against death threats, is, like Mr. Turner once was, hiding in an attic of sorts at the banquet — in a raised space, behind a small window, watching the disturbing scene unfold. It’s difficult to imagine any Hebrew school graduate watching the scene without thinking briefly of Anne Frank and her own temporary attic refuge from white supremacy. As the film grew darker, its references to President Donald Trump drew fewer laughs and more collective despondency from the sold-out theatre where I saw the film. Anachronistic cries of “America first” and “Make America Great Again” mark nearly every Klan gathering, while every Klan space is plastered with Richard Nixon campaign paraphernalia. In the most obvious allusion to Trump, Stallworth’s white sergeant (Ken Garito) suggests that Duke’s attempts to mainstream white supremacy could eventually result in an American president who, through immigration, affirmative action and tax reform, will embody Klan values but make them palatable to the American public. “Politics,” Sergeant Trapp notes, is another way “to sell hate.” “America would never elect somebody like David Duke president,” Stallworth says. Trapp responds: “For a black man, you’re pretty naive.” Lee wants to shatter this naivete. Just as even the most naive viewer recognizes that America’s racist past is not separate from but directly tied to its present and future, so does the Jewish cop, Flip Zimmerman (Adam Driver). Earlier in the film, Zimmerman refuses to admit to Stallworth that he has “skin in the game." Later he realizes that

no matter what he does or how culturally accepted he may be, to the Klan he’s still a Jew — still a “kike.” “I never thought about it before,” Zimmerman confesses to Stallworth, reflecting on the fact that he was not raised particularly Jewish. After spending time with the Klan, who repeatedly reference yarmulkes and circumcision, even casually asking if a situation is “kosher,” he now admits “I’m thinking about it all the time.” While Stallworth, perhaps embodying contemporary black Americans, needs no reminder of his own vulnerability, Zimmerman, perhaps embodying contemporary Jewish Americans, does. As indicated by antisemitism’s central place in the Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville and the movements behind it, contemporary Klan types haven’t forgotten about American Jews. In the closing moments of BlacKkKlansman, Stallworth and his love interest's collective cozy contemplations of their future are interrupted by a Klan cross burning nearby. Moments later, viewers’ contemplation of America’s future is interrupted with disturbing real-life footage from the Charlottesville rally, complete with participants’ chants of “Jews will not replace us” and cutaways to Trump equivocating on the white supremacist violence. Eventually Lee provides a memorial to Heather Heyer, killed by a white supremacist who drove his car into a crowd of counterprotesters. Lee ends the film by filling the screen with an upside-down American flag — a signal of distress. It’s an unmistakable comment: Everything in America is not OK, not only for blacks but also for Jews and countless others. It is perhaps a surprising gesture of solidarity with Jews from a director whose past portrayals of Jews were criticized as stereotypical and unflattering. Nevertheless, BlacKkKlansman is an alarm clock, telling Jews — who still need police protection at their places of worship — to wake up.


Wishing you a new year of good health and happiness.



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September Issue - Jewish Observer 1829

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