Great partnership: Adam & eve ,.. another great partnership:
ARKAnSAS BAR ASSOCIATion &
:路CNAlinsurance The legal profession and the insurance industry join together in a major effort to combat the root causes of the professional liability problem. The new Professional Liability Program is designed to utilize the combined resources and technical expertise Of both your Association and CNA.
new PROFeSSionAL LIABILITY PROGRAm has Association Involvement
Want more details? Call or write Arkansas Bar Association Administrator Rather, Beyer & Harper Three Hundred Spring Building Little Rock , Arkansas 72201
SEPTEMBER 1971 VOL. 5·NO. 5
1.1ie THE OFFICIAL PUBLICATION OF THE ARKANSAS BAR ASSOCIATION
Arkansas Lawyer SPECIAL FEATURES
OFFICERS Paul B. Young, Pres ident Henry Woods, Vice·Presi dent Robert O. Ross, Secretary-Treasurer
EXECUi lVE DIRECTOR C. E. Ransick
How to Work Alone and Like It. .. . . Dale Bumpers 182 Clients' Secur ity Funds ........ . . .. j. Stanley Mu llin 186 Docket Control for the Sma ll Law Office .... . ................ .. Da rr yl K. Nevers 174 A School for All Sea sons .. . ........ Robert R. Wright 168 The " Serious Half" .. Governor Da le Bumpers 191 Standards Workshop 11. ..... . ....................... . . 173 Fall Legal Institut e . ..... . ................... . .... 167 Legal Secretaries' Conference . . ... . ... . ...... . ....... 173 Committee Directory 1971-1972 .......... . . . . . ... . .... 19S
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE James West, Chairman Phillip Carroll James B. Sharp Lynn Wade Dale Price John Mann Ex·Officio Paul B. Yo ung Henry Woods Robert D. Ross John Lile J. C. Deacon James B. Blair Stephen Matthews Louis L. Ra msay, Jr.
REGULAR FEATURES About t he Cover ... . .................. A. R. Schaffer Presid ent's Repo rt. . . Pa ul B. Young Juris Dictum ................... . .......... C. R. H uie Law Sc hool News . . .• . . . .... . ... . . Robert Brockman Oyez , Oyez .... .'. . .......... . .... B. Ghormley In Memoriam . ........... .... ....... Executive Committee Notes ... .. Rober t D . Ross
156 155 164 179 154 192 177
Published bi-monthly by the Arkansas Bar Assoc iation, 408 Donaghey Bldg. , Little R oc k, Arkansas 72201. Second class postage paid at Little Rock, Arkansas. Subscription price to non- members of the Arkansas Bar Association $6 . 00 per year and to members $2 .00 per year Included in annual dues. Any opinion expressed herein Is that of the author, and not necessarity that of the Arkansas Bar
Association, The Arkansas Lawyer, or the Editorial Committee. Contributions t o the Arkansa s La w yer are welcome and shou ld be sent In two copies to the Arka nsas Bar Center , 408 Donaghey Bldg., LIttl e Rock, Arkansas 72201.
Robert D. Ross Phil ip E. Dixo n C. E. Ransick
All inquiries rega rding advertiSing should be sent to Advertising Department, Ark· ansas Lawy er, Po st Office Box 4117, N o rth Little Rock, Arkansa s 72116.
By B. Ghormley
Edward L. Wright, Litt le Roc k, wa s made an ho no rary member o f Britain 's Law Soc iety whil e in Lo nd on for the ABA meeting. lohn Selig, fo rmerl y with Chow ni ng, Mitchell, Ham ilto n & Chown ing, is now a trust o ffi cer wi t h Worthen Ban k & Tru st Co mpan y. Dr. Robert A. l ellar, Fayettev ille, was the Directo r o f th e 16th an nual sem inar for appell ate Judges in New York in Jul y. Anot her co urse for judges wa s held in Nevada in l uly fo r tria l Judges. Judges Thomas F. Butt and Maupin Cummings, Fayettevi lle attended at different sessio ns. ludge Richard B. Adkisson, Little Rock, attended the se mi nar in place of t he late Judge loseph Morrison. M . C. lewis, Ir., Hot Springs, wa s se lected by t he Garland Co unty Bar to serve as special circuit and chancery judge in the abse nce o f Judge Britt and Judge Chesnutt. Judge H enry Britt wa s in Nevada and Judge lames Chesnutt wa s in Lo nd o n fo r th e ABA m eeting. Th e Co lumb ia Co unty Bar Assoc iati o n has been nam ed recepi ent o f an ho no rab le menti on in th e ABA 's 1971 Awa rd o f M erit. H. Clay Robinson, Fo rt Smith, wa s appo int ed to the City Plann ing Commi ss io n. Malvern Represe ntati ve lames C. Cole rep rese nt ed Arkan sas at the So uthern Co nfe rence Co mmitt ee o n Crimina l Justi ce at Geo rgi a in Jun e. Ri chard W. Hobbs, Hot Springs, has give n a m emorial gift to the St. Jose ph 's Hospital. Judge Richard B. Adki sson received his judicial ro be last month fro m the Pulaski Co unty Bar. Bradley D. Jesson, Fo rt Smith, spo ke to the Pu laski Co unty Bar o n " Leg islatio n o f Interest to Lawye rs from the 1971 General Assem bl y." Judge Lawson Cloninger, Fo rt Smith , attended th e 14th annual Rocky M o untain Regio nal Traffi c Co urt Co nference at D enver in July. Worth Camp, Ir., EI D o rad o, spo ke to the EI Drado Li o ns Club earl ier thi s mo nt h o n " Int ernat io na l Po litics." loe Purcell, Benton, Chairman o f the Ark ansas D emoc rati c Pa rty spo ke last m o nth to t he Jo hn so n Co unty Democ rati c meeting at Cla rksvill e. l o hn lack son, Gurd on, a 1971 graduate o f the U of A is joi ning h is father in th e practice of law at115 So uth Frst. lames R. Hannah, Searcy, is now as assoc iate of th e law fi rm o f Light l an d Ted der. Denny Paul Petty, Searcy, ha s jo in ed the law firm of Henry, Boyett and Mo rgan . Eudox Patterson, fo rmerl y with Chief Justi ce Ca rl eto n Harri s, has joi ned O scar Fendler in practi ce at Blyth ev ill e. larry Boling, ret urning fro m Vietnam , has joi ned the law firm of Penix and Pen ix, Jo nesbo ro. Bay Fitzhugh, form erl y of New Yo rk, has o pened a law office o n M ain Street in Augusta. Farrell E. Faubus has o pened a law o ffi ce in the Faub us Building in H unt svi ll e. Mike Wilson res igned as a dep ut y attorn ey general to Atto rn ey General Ray Thorn ton last m o nth and w ill practi ce law i n Jackso nvi lle.
CENTRAL DISTRIBUTING INC.
IEPOIT By Paul Young
I am extrem ely grat eful fo r the exce ll ent att endance at th e Convocatio n o f Comm ittee Chairm en in Li tt le Roc k o n A ugu st 6th and 7th . Thi s eve nt se rves severa l purposes and acco m plish es the purpose of gettin g the program of th e Associa tio n for th e year pl ann ed and underway. The co mmitt ee c hairme n met togeth er fo r lun ch o n Aug ust 6th an d hea rd Ed Bethune d isc uss plan s of the Admin istrati o n of Crim in al Ju stice Standards Co mmit tee for Standard s W orksho p II. We w ere fortunat e to have as o ur sp ecia l guest s, Chief Ju sti ce Carleto n Harris and Att o rn ey Gen eral Ra y Th o rnt o n, alo ng with Starr Di rec tor Lynn Edward s of the Criminal Law Sectio n of th e American Ba r Associ ation . All in all th is program begun by th e Assoc iat io n last year, ha s bee n o ne o f th e most o ut stand ing and use ful acti vities o f th e A ssoca iti o n . Elsew here in thi s issu e o f Th e Arkan sas Law yer yo u will see a noti ce con ce rning th e program for Standa rd s W orksho p II, Oc to ber 7th and 8th . Yo u have been furn is hed th e prin ted program fo r th e 1971 Fall Lega l In stitut e whi c h will be held in Litt le Roc k o n Sept em ber 17th and 18th . Th e subjects sc hedul ed for thi s program are in th e m o.t pro fitabl e areas o f interest for every member o f th e Bar, and the speakers to appear incl ude some of the o ut standin g
Th e Public Info rmati o n Co mmittee (fo rm erly the Public Relatio ns Co mmittee ) has bee n most act ive and present ed to th e Co nvoc atio n an exce ll ent program fo r th e yea r ahead . Th e Co mmittee is deve lo ping a c heckl ist for se m inar and meeting program c hairm en to deal with th e new s media . Mike Barrier o f th e Arkan sas Gazett e starr has bee n retain ed to write new s stori es o n Bar Ac ti vi ti es. Th e Co mmittee al so plan s to arrange fo r televi sio n and radi o anno un ce ment s whi c h yo u sh o uld be see ing o r hearing o n yo ur loca l stati o n program s. O n e o f th e avenu es o f info rmati o n develo ped by th e Co mmittee is the Bar co mmuni cati o n sys tem whic h co mmittee mem ber Cyril Ho llingsw o rth oversees. By co ntact s establi shed w ith co mmittee cha irm en and o rri cers o f local bar assoc iati o ns, it is pro posed to publi c ize what lawyers, through the o rganized Bar, are do ing. Thi s is not a press agent styl e erro rt to sell th e Bar. It is simpl y an effo rt to info rm th e publi c o f what th e o rgani zed Bar is d oi ng. A new co mmittee is be in g c reated for th e Associ at io n on the subjec t o f au to mob il e in su ra nce. I know that yo u have been reading new s arti cles co n cerning proposal s relat ed to th e so -called "No- Fault In suran ce". It is apparent that legi slati ve pro posal s will be presented to th e A rkan sas Legislature at its next general assemb ly. Thi s is a subject abo ut w hic h a great deal o f informati o n has bee n publi shed , and much o f it m isinformati o n. Th e Co mmitt ee w ill seek to en sure that th e publ ic and th e Bar are kept pro perl y advi sed o f the facts. No d o ubt yo u will be h earing mo re as th e wo rk o f th e A ut o m o bil e In suran ce Co mmittee progresses.
nati o nal autho rities o n th eir parti cular subj ec ts.
O ne o f th e goa ls o f th e Assoc iati o n thi s yea r is th e c reatio n of a Cl ient s' Sec urit y Fund . Th e purpose of the fund is to rei mbu rse cli ent s, in w h o le or in part , fo r loss o r damage cau sed by the di shon est co ndu ct of a member of th e Bar, actin g ei th er as a lawyer o r a fidu c iary; and th ereb y to preserve and protec t the in tegrit y and reputati o n o f th e legal pro fess io n. A fund no t o nl y acco mpli shes th e pro per fun ctio n o f assuming resp o n sibilit y to th e publi c for a fe llo w member o f th e pro fessio n, but al so can b e o ne o f th e most persuasive influ ences fo r good publi c relati o n s by th e Bar. Yo u are urged to read carefully a di scus sio n o n this subject appearing in thi s issue o f The Arkan sas Lawyer, whic h in fa ct is a reprint o f remarks made at o ur Annual M eeting in Jun e by Chairman J. Stanl ey Mu lli n o f th e Standing Committee o n Cli ent s' Sec urit y Fund s o f th e Am eri c an Bar
In hi s co lumn , " Exec utive Co mmittee Notes", in thi s issu e o f Th e Arkan sas Lawyer, o ur Secretary-Treasurer Bo b Ross covers additional item s fro m th e Co n vocatio n o f Co mmittee Chairm en. Again , the Co nvocat io n wa s a trem end o u s success. Th e co mmittee c hairm en have fine plan s and program s already und erwa y. I fee l that with thi s team o f dedi cated atto rn eys w e no w have " th e ball o n 40yard lin e", and wi ll have n o pro b lem in reaching o ur goal th i s Bar year.
â€˘ â€˘ â€˘
"The Man From Charleston"
by A. R. Schaffer (About th e auth or: A. R. Schaffer and Govern or Bum pers are married to sist ers, th e former Margaret and Betty Flanagan; and their residences in Charfeston adjoin eac h ot h er . Th e two families ha ve been alm ost inseparable for mo re th an twenty years. Mr. Schaffer desc rib es him se lf, occupationally, as a se miretired real estate investor. His son, Archie Ifl, is a member o f th e Governor's executive staff. Of juridical interest: Although not an attorney, Mr. Schaffer once served four years as D ep ut y Prosec utor for South Franklin County; and a third Flanagan sister, Ruth , is th e wife of Twelfth Judicia l Circuit Judge Paul Wolfe.)
Many success-stories, o r rath er stories ABOUT success, commence with a reve lati o n of child hood indicia presaging th e individual 's eventual ca ll to great ness or high position . Howeve r, to emply such an entree in thi s sketch on Dal e Bumpers would o nly echo the many documentari es and mass-m edia interv iews
to which all the read ers hereof w ere abundantly exposed during the 1970 campaign . I think a more int eresting poi nt of departure would be to relat e an incident that is " typical Bumpers" and demon strati ve of severa l trait s of hi s character. O n a winter day ea rl y in 1966, thunder was ro lling o ut side and a heavy rain rauling the lo ng, loose windows o f th e upstairs co urt room in Franklin Co unt y ' s Charl eston Di stri c t Courthouse. Plaintiff's allorney Dal e Bumpers wa s fighting against the element s
to ho ld the allention of a Ci rcuit Cou rt jury in a trial which would lead , later that sa me day, to a favo rab le judgment totalling $83,500.00. From ti me to tim e, it ac tuall y beca m e necessary to move th e jurors' chairs to avoid th eir bei ng drench ed by the rain d ripping thro ugh the aged , lea ky roof. In th e very mid st o f th ese di stractions, and without lo ss of mom e ntum in his p leading s, Da le's mind formu lated another in the lo ng se ries o f civic cru sades of hi s personal co nception . It occurred to him that th e com munity had , for many years, passively b ut needlessly accepted the drabness and d eteri oration of it s hall o f justice. He was the first of hi s generati o n to recognize a situatio n w hich co uld and SHOULD be co rrect ed , and he characteri stica lly d eterm in ed to do some thing abo ut it without delay. The very next day, he wa s not resting upo n the laurels o f hi s co urtroo m vic to ry, whi ch had produced th e most substantial mo netary verdict award ed to that date in a W es t ern Arkansas damage suit. Interspersed between th e telephoned acco lades from his fellow-barristers, Dale was already hard at work trying to o rgan ize a Courtho use Resto ration Commi ttee . As is usual in towns th e size of Charlesto n, thi s became a commi ttee-of-o ne, and we w ere treated to o ne of th ose exercises in persistence fo r which GOVERNOR Bumpers subs equ e ntl y ga in ed fame during the 1971 General Assem bly. Within a year fro m th e date of that trial , aft er co untless h o urs of fund - rai sin g, armtwisting, ca joling of County officials and rel uc tant in suran ce ad156
justors, planning and nego tiati on of co ntracts, and personal supervisio n of the work, Dale co uld gracio u sly permit ALL o f hi s fe ll owt ow nsmen to po int with prid e to a re-ro ofed Courtho use and a comp letely remode led , red eco rated and re furni sh ed co urtroo m.
The co urtho use resto ration wa s o nly o ne very small thread in a broad and impressive tap estry woven by Dal e Bumpers' total in vo lvement i n civi c, sc hoo l and church affairs dating bac k to 1951. That was the pivotal yea r in which Dal e, upon graduating from Northwestern University Law Sc hoo l, decid ed to cast his lo t with hi s ho me town rather than heed th e call of the more affluent No rth ern econo my whi ch had already at tracted his brother and sister. (W. Ca rro ll Bumpers, a graduate of Harvard Law Sc hool, is President of the Greyho und Leasing and Financing Co rpo rati on, Chi cago . Margaret Bump e rs Kahliff i s Pr es ident o f ServomationClevela nd , a multi -million dollar vending co rp o rati o n.) In th e prior two decades, this same pauern of o ut standing civic leadership had been true of William R. Bumpers, the fath er who taught Dale from infancy that " Po liti cs is a noble profession " . " Bill " Bumpers, as Charl esto n kn ew him , had ac tually beaten the stacked dec k of a 4 to 1 population disparity between No rth and So uth Franklin Cou nt y and had been elected as a State Rep rese ntative in 1933, on ly to be wiped o ut at the end of hi s fir st term by " re-apportionm ent " , a term which must now ce rta in ly be anathema to the entire Bumpers family.
It wa s thi s d edicati o n to all good cau ses and concern s of hi s fellowman , and hi s proven mastery at c hampi o ning th e m , whi c h m itigated against an y asto nis hm ent in So uth Franklin Co unty when Dal e fir st di scl osed an interest in seeking th e Govern o rship way back in 1968. Unlike th e masses living else wh ere in Arkan sas w ho had no t ye t felt the vibrati o ns fro m hi s personal magneti sm, abso lut e integrity and o bvio us co mpetence, we here in Charlesto n simpl y KN EW that all he had to d o wa s declare hi s ava ilability. . . . .and every purpo rt ed o bstacl e in hi s path w o uld di sappear as qui ckly as co ins at a carnival. W e didn 't even want him to wait until 1970, but hi s own good judgment prevail ed over o ur nai ve te..... and the rest is hi sto ry. I CA N ass ure yo u that th e re w as littl e surpri se in Charlesto n wh en th e dark ho rse raced past all th ose better-kn own co ntende rs in th e prefe rential primary, nor wh en he w ent o n to o bliterate the giant s of both parti es in September and N ovember. To us, in all m odesty and humility, Dal e Bumpers didn 't " co me o ut o f no wh ere". To u s, he wa s a SOMEBODY, fro m SOMEWHERE, with SOMETHI N G N EW to offer, in th e right pl ace at the ri ght tim e. Whi ch brings us to that " co untry lawye r" image, created o ut o f wh o le cl oth by th e nati o nal press. During th e campaign , Dale oc casio nall y referred to him self as a " lawyer fro m a small country to wn ", an h o nes t d esc ripti o n whi ch proved to be of co nsid e r a bl e p o liti c al valu e . So mehow , this apt phrasing wa s edit o riall y twi sted into " se lf-styled co untry lawyer", generating im-
pli cati o ns of provin ciali sm and un sophi sticati o n . No thing co uld be furth er fro m th e truth . His highl ydive rsified practi ce took him , o n occa sio n, fro m the JP Co urt in Barling, Arkansa s, to th e United Stat es Co urt o f C l aims in Washingt o n, with excellent results in both places. Alth o ugh Dale perfo rmed a great deal o f gen eral o ffice practice as a solo praction er in a o nelawyer town , he wa s w ell kn own thro ughout W estern Arkansas and in Little Roc k as an ad ept and
Go vernor's Mansion in Little Rock, Arkansas.
, highl y persuasive trial atto rney. In that capacity, his effectiveness wa s most ce rtainly not limited to hi s o wn co unt y. Hi s ad v e rsari es respected him as a fo rmidabl e o pposing co un se l in an y trial co urt in whi c h he app eare d . I n th e eighteen years of hi s resource ful presentatio ns to w id ely-scattered juries, I can recall no more than three cases wh ere th e res ults w ere truly unfavo rabl e to hi s cli ent s. On e o f hi s occasio nal adversari es h as ex pres sed th e fo ll o wing analysis o f hi s pro fessio nal success : " Alth o ugh Dale wa s o ne o f the very best trial law yers I know, he wa s equally skill ed in ac h ieving a settlement of di sputes . He in variabl y maintain ed a coo l head in
the most trying situati o n s, o ft en using h is excell ent se nse o f hum o r to great advantage. He maintain ed a cordial relati o nship with his o ppo nent in situati o ns w here man y o f us w o uld ha ve b eco m e fru strated o r bitter. When a matter was co nclud ed , eith er by settlement or tria l, it wa s invariably true that, regardl ess of th e di ffi culty o f th e subject matter, Dal e's o pposing co un se l and the opposing litigant w o uld ex press the very high est regard fo r Dale and the way that he had co ndu cted 157
hi m self. It is the co mmo n experien ce o f trial atto rn eys that, in an adversary proceeding, parti cularly th ose invo lving emo ti o nal iss ues, a part y will feel lasting enmity toward bo th th e o pposing part y and h is att o rn ey. One o f Dale' s great est virtu es was hi s ability to avo id or redu ce hard feelings, by a co mbinati o n o f hi s effecti veness in dealing with hi s oppo nent s and by good , so und advi ce to hi s own clients. " GOVERNOR Bumpers' success with the 1971 General Asse mbl y w as nothing m o re than an extensio n of Dal e Bumpers' training, attitudes and abilities as an attorn ey. On e of hi s legislati ve aides has remarked : " Dal e treated the mem bers o f the Legislature in virtually the sam e fash io n as he w o uld ano ther lawye r. That is, he did not try to mi slead them o r threaten th em o r intimidate th em, but rath er di sc ussed any proposed legislatio n with th em as equals, o n an o bjecti ve, impassi o nate and professio nal basis. Thi s created an atmosph ere whereby he could disagree with the legi slato rs and they co uld disagree with him witho ut being di sagreeable. By doing this, he wa s able to maintain th eir co nstant res pec t, if no t Continued on page 156
Co ntinued f rom page 1 57
always th eir con stant support. Legislators wh o wo uld lead the fight again st the Administration on so me measures would be found fighting equall y hard , if not harder, as sp o n so r s o f o ther Admini strati o n measures."
A number of th e legi slators w ere al so awed by Dale's tremendous c apa c ity f o r work and his qui ckn ess as establishing rapport with new acquaintan ce s. These sam e qualiti es had bee n observed with som e amazement by his cam -
paign fi eld -w o rkers the previous Summer. One o f the latter se nt m e th e foll owing report co ncerning a hectic earl Y- Augu st tour of Fayettevil le's supermarket parking lots : " Th e man is indefatigabl e. Thi s mu st surely be th e m ost grinding phase o f a campaign , but he seem s 10 thrive upo n it. He has an uncann y ability to lo ok c oo l and neat despit e the most o ppressive heat. Our littl e gro up of enthusiastic amat eurs scatt ered to guid e the shoppers to th e cand idate. Mo SI of Ih em w ere shy and suspi ciou s, and
th e qu es ti o n m os t fr equently asked wa s 'Wh o is Dal e Bumpers?'. O nce w e maneuvered them to a po int wh ere Dale co uld establ ish eye-contact, how ever, the shyness usually di sa ppeared . If not then , it fad ed with Ihe hand shake and th e beginning o f co nversaito n." " Da le shakes hand s firmly and looks th ose he meets straight in th e eye. (He had advi sed us ea rli er to remove o ur dark glasse s.) These two traits, togeth er with his readi ly-e vident basi c faith in the peo pl e, are the ingredients which inev itabl y put t hose to whom he talks al ease. Wh en Dal e caughl the nam e, he usuall y cam e up with so me degree o f kin ship o r at least kn owl edge o f kin . It see med obfi o us that the electi o n wa s in th e bag if o nl y all hi s relative s and their fri end s w ere to vote fo r him . He so li cit ed questi o ns, whi ch he an sw ered wh ere he co uld o r said Ihal h e w o uld co n sid e r . So mewh ere he ALWA YS asked for th e vo te in a simp le and direct se nt ence. By th e tim e the conversatio n w as nearing its end , Da le wa s usuall y receiving advice and enco uragem ent. He finish ed each brief conversati o n smoothl y, never abruptl y, with a se nse o f timing Ihat always acco rd ed dignity to th e vo ter. As the crowd dimini shed and the helpers gathered at our ca r, Dale tidi ed up by visiting with peo ple w e had so m ehow mi ssed . He wa s la st int o the car. He had been fir sl o ut. As soo n as the car d oo rs cl osed , hi s fir st wo rd s w ere, 'Wh ere do we go nex t ?" " Th e adj ec tive most frequ ently utilized 10 desc ribe Da le' speaking abilit y is " arti c ulate". It is w ell chose n. No o ne ever call s him " glib" , becau se Ihe nuances in thai parti cular wo rd w o uld be an in ju stice to hi s sin cerity. He makes no effo rt to overp ow er or impress an audience with se lf-aggrandizing rh etoric. He sticks to hi s subject and makes his point. As dictated by tim e, he can co nd ense his subject matt er with o ut co nfusing his li steners o r expand it without bo ring them. He employs his ta lent s as a fin e ra co nteur o r joketeller, and hi s great gift of mimicry, to embelli sh his speec hes without d eviation from the them e or target. Best of all , he knows when to sit
See how we look on paper. Stephens Incorporated. LittleRock Investment Bankers. 158
down . Con trary to being an " unkn ow n" in mid-1970, he was already famed and so ught -after by both legal and non-legal organizations as an after-dinner speaker and/or master of ceremonies. Elsewhere in this issue of THE ARKANSAS LAWYER, there will appear a reprint of a speec h Dale delivered at the 1968 Mid-Year Meeting of the Arkansas Bar Assoc iati o n in a sympos ium on the ECONOMICS OF LAW PRACTICE. Notwith sta nding th e uproari o us laughter which (I am told) hi s remarks generated, this speech contains substantive and substantial advice for a solo practioner, and at the same time reveals a good ly measure of his philosophy. Following th ree related prepared speeches, a question-and-answer session ensued . The transcript of this session conta in s o ne very meaningful segment which warrants verbatim quotation here . . . . .for although it was an un prepared, unrehearsed and completely informal response to a sudden inquiry, it is also a distillation of the essence of the Bumpers idea l: " QUESTION: Dale, you mentioned earlier that one way to build a practice is to acquit the defendant. Do you have other suggestions to build a practice in a smaller town? ANSWER: As I look across this room and see all these gentlemen, most of whom are in firms, I realize that I am a poor example to give any of you advice on how to bui ld a practice. It took me longer, probably, than anyone here. But I would say Mr. -------------has hit upon something very important in his speech , and that is to leave those things alone which, in your mind and in your own good judgment, you know yo u have no business with. Those things that you DO take, do a good job, turn out the work. If you have a client who comes in and says he has this particular work to be done, tell him you are going to get it done and DO it; don 't procrastinate. The other thing is to be basicly honest with your client. I have known doctors who have gone into the sickroom, and regardless
of what the condition is, they promise or imply recovery. Th e patient is always scared to death , and if he lives, the doctor looks like a hero. Some lawyers use this tactic. I have never been one to do it. I have never tried to bui ld my client's hopes, regardless of how ironclad I thought his case might be. I have always been extremely honest with him . If it is a jury trial , I always make sure he unde rstand s that I am going to give him the
very best service that I ca n, but that the jury is going to determine whether he is entitl ed to anything or not. If it is in Chancery, it is the same. But, as I say, I think a basic understanding on good, hon est leve ls with your client is the best way in the world to get repeat
business ." The above impromptu remarks are of great signifi cance when one realizes, upo n reflecti o n, that the Continued on page 160
Arkansas Eminent Domain Digest Compiled by the University of Arkansas for the Arkansas State Highway Commissio n.
Arkansas statutes Annotated 22 Volumes with Current Supplement $ 175.00 in the Slate of Arkansas.
WORKBOOK FOR ARKANSAS ESTATE PLANNERS MITCHELL D. MOORE . WILLIAM H . BOWEN
A Complete Source for Planning Estates in Arkansas Planned exclusively for Arkansas lawyers. it is based on the statutes. cases, regulations, and tax situatio ns of the state. This workbook serves as a guide to drafting a simple will, testamentary planning for benefit of minor or aged, forms of property ownership. purposes and techniques of making gifts, drafting partnership and business purchase agreements and many other important topics. The ha ndy loose-lea f format makes this source a unique working too l-a n inva lu able reference for the Arkansas lawye r.
11 Ch a p ters
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JONES LEGAL FORMS THREE VOLUMES. 68 CHAPTERS
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and cultivating an expa nding law practice . So ns Brent , now 18, and Bill , now 16, arrived on th e scene while Dale was still consid ered to be a hardware dealer who prac ticed law on th e side. Daughter Brooke, now 9, came along after Dal e had progressed to recognitio n as an o ut standing attorn ey who al so happened to o perat e a hardware store.
Governor Bumpers and family. Cont inued from page 159
Dale Bumpers' approach to the ca mpaign as a ca ndidat e and hi s approach to government as Governor, fo ll ow ed and will co ntinue to follow th e sam e principles. Dale's ca ndor and forthrightness evolved quit e naturall y from the ci rc um stan ces of hi s yo ung adul th ood. Hi s undergraduat e studies at the Universi ty of Arkan sas were interrupted by a threeyear stint in th e Marines. H is law
sc hoo l efforts at Northwestern we re int errupted by th e shoc king tragedy of the loss of both hi s parents, in the prime of th eir lives, in an O kl ahoma automobile ac cident at th e hand s o f a drunken driver. Hi s bride and he had a run down apartment co ntigu o us to the intercity elevated train -tracks in Chi cago as th ei r first co nnubial h ome ; and th e 15-minute sc hed uling of the tra ins, both day and night , co ul d not have been co nducive to either co ncentrat ed st ud y o r ardent romance. Betty, w ho had several yea rs previously been an aspiring fashion designer an d a st ud en t at the Chicago Academy of Fin e Arts, went to wo rk as a hospital librarian in o rder to aug ment Dale's meager benefits under the G. I. Bill.
When he decided to co me back to his small Arkansas birthplace, Da le rea lized that something mo re than the practi ce o f law would be nee ded , initiall y, t o assure eco no mic survival and permit the raising of the family bo th he and Betty wanted . He bo ught back, from his Dad 's successor, th e hardware and furnitur e store which had formerly prov ided hi s father 's livelih ood . Starting wi th a zero equity and an immense debt , but with limitless energy, a flair for merchandising, a sa les-stim ulating perso nalit y, and the knack o f a bo rn trad e r, he rebuilt this busi ness in ten years into the major retail ent erpri se of South Fran klin County. Anyone fami liar wi th mercantile operatio ns in th e smaller Arkansas tow ns knows that such growth does not evo lve from cunning and deceit. It d ema nd s, instead , un swerving int egrity and frankn ess in all of one's dealings with the buyi ng publi c. All the while he was se rvicing those wash ers, dryers and refrigerators, erecting TV antennas, installing air-conditioners, o r performi ng th e hundreds of other fun ctions expected of a rural area appliance dealer, Dale was simultaneously and carefully nurturing 160
When I first und ert oo k to writ e this arti cle, I co ntacted several mutual fri ends of Dale's and mine within th e legal frat ernity, seeking reco llectio ns and reminiscences. Fellows like Brad Jesso n, Do ug Smith , Ben Allen , Heartsill Rago n .. . .and Don Callawa y, that master of the metapho r and sage of se mant ics. Their anecdotes were, o f co urse, largely unprintabl e. The kind I co uld relat e to you during happy hour, but not here. It was striking to note that , next to their suprem e regard for hi s abilities, they th o ught of Dal e with humor. The warm and cordial type of humor, never deprecatory. This impresses me becau se I had learned fro m Lin Yutang years ago that humor is o ne of th e three essential ingredien ts of wi sdom ; and I have also long considered humor to be o ne o f the progenitors o f love. Some of their typical comments were: (a) " Congratulations on yo ur electio n to the American College of Forensic Eulogy" ; and (b) " It is traditional to select a loyal employee o r a junior partner when a favorable articl e is desired o n so meo ne. I am not at all certain that bro th er-in- Iaws fall into the sa me ca tegory." Now in all truth, Dal e is no t, to me, a political ph eno menon SUI GENERIS. He is the guy next door. Ho w ever, I can and do deep ly appreciate his many strength s; just as I can and do overlook his very few fault s. An appropriate closure here will be a brief, rand o m cataloging o f so me of th e thing s Dale Bum pers IS .... . and a few things he ISN 'T. You will und erstand if I se lect o nly from hi s many good traits, and reserve th e few minor flaws and sc rat ches unto myself. After all , it has taken me 2S yea rs to disce rn the rare and relativ ely in co nsequential d ebits on the ledger o f hi s character, because
they are so heavi ly o utweighed by th e multitude of impo rtant credit s enum erated below. Dale is at ho me in a hut or a man sio n. He is co mfo rtable in jea ns o r a tu xed o. He is at ease among the w hittl ers o n the co urtho use law n o r the int ellectual s in the d raw ing- rooms of high soc iety o r academia. He can d iscuss the price of ca nners-a nd -c utters or the Dow-Jo nes ave rages wi th equal in tell ige nce. He can read either Charl es Porti s o r M arcel Pro ust wit h eq ui vale nt pleasure. He can enjoy, w ith gusto, the m usic of eit her Mozart or th e Grand Funk Railroad. He is a vorac io us reader, a h istory buff, a talented cho irmaste r, a p ee rl ess Chri st m as ca ro ler, an avid bird-hunter, and an enthu sia st for all spectat o rspo rt s. As a pa rt ic ipant, w heth er the game is dom in oes o r contract bridge, horseshoes or tenn is, he wil l rack hi s bra in and b ust hi s gut to beat you. He listens as tho ro ughl y as he talks. He co ntro ls hi s emoti o ns wi th o ut any dampe ning of hi s enthus iasm. He is cautio us w itho ut
bei ng indec isive, flexible wit ho ut being vacill ato ry. He is urban e with o ut affectat io n, w itty witho ut being absurd . He can be insistent witho ut being po mpo us. He is co mpas sio nat e with o ut be ing maudlin . He is po litically astute b ei n g p o lit ic all y w ith o ut moti vated . He is neither too liberal nor too co nse rva tiv e; neither merc urial no r dilato ry; nei th er tran spa rent nor enigmati c. He is fa ir and reaso nable, but he c an 't be co nn ed . So there yo u have h im ..... Th e Ma n fro m Charl esto n. . . .my fri end, neighbor and relat ive-bychance .....and YOU R Governor. A ppl y an y checklist o r ya rdst ick yo u w ish to th e narrati ve above, and if yo u ca nn ot co ncl ud e that Dal e Bumpers is " Th e Ma n for A ll Seaso ns" for eac h of Arka nsas' 75 co unties, yo u wil l at least begi n to app reciate w hy we cla im him as such for So uth Fra nklin . EPIL OGU E: Even a nov ice at th e art of for mulat ing encom ia knows th at he is ex pected to esc hew th e negati ve. With an ho no ree like Da le Bumpers, th is was eas ily ac-
compli shed. My o nl y apprehensio n is that, after the publication o f thi s article, I m ay no longer be able to perfo rm my lo ng-s tanding fami ly fun ction o f bringing him back to earth o n th ose occasion s w hen he beco mes pro udest o f h i m se l f. H e n cefo rth , I sha ll pro babl y have to defe r to Bett y w hen the needl e is need ed , o r pe rh aps to hi s so n Bill , but I can guarant ee to yo u that th ey are both prodigio usly capa bl e o f that cho re. â€˘
STOP HERE FOR MORE "GO" POWER Fo r q ui cker starts, smoo th er engine pe rfo rman ce and mo re pass ing pow er .. . start wi th a ta nk full o f SPUR, th e bes t gas fo r goin g! A Qua lity-Control led Produ ct of
MURPHY Oil CORPORATION
"Man is his own star.
First National Bank of Camden
Camden , Arkansas
Ca rli sle , Arkansas
Clinton State Bank
First National Bank
DeQ uee n, Arkansas
C linton , Arkari sas
Dermott State Bank
Bank of Delight
D erm o tt , Arkansas
De light , Arkansas
First National Bank of Dermott
Decatur State Bank
Dermott , Arkansas
Decatur, Arkan sas
Bank of Dover
The First National Bank
Dover, A rkan sas
Fort Smith , Arkan sas
Bank of Malvern
DeWitt Bank & Trust Compan y
P. O . Box 897 332-6966 Malvern, Arkansas
DeWitt , Arkansas
The State First National Bank
Pulaski Heights Bank
Texa rkana, Arkansas
Little Roc k, Arkansas
Merchants & Planters Bank
("Qmmercial Bank of Alma
Clarendon , Arkansas
P. O. Box 369 Alma, Arkansas
The Bank of Bradley Bradley, Arkansas
The Bank of Bentonville
The McGehee Bank
P. O . Box 687 Bent o nville, Arkansas
The Citizen s Bank
Bea rd en , Arkansa s
Fayettev ille, Arkansas
First National Bank
Phillips National Bank
He lena, Arkansas
The Merchants & Planters Bank
Boo nvill e, Arkansas
Ca md e n, Arkansas
The Citizens Bank
The Eudora Bank
Batesv ill e , Arkansas
First State Bank
National Bank of Commerce
Crosse tt, Arkansas
EI Dorado, Arkansas 162
None can question thai Governor Dale Bumpers' star shines bright ly. Even greater accomplishments are on his horizon . The remaining words of this famous quotation are appropos .. " Man is his own star; and the soul that can Render an honest and perfect
man , Commands all light , all influence, all fate; Nothing to him falls early or too late." ...... ." The Honest Man's Fo rtu ne"
We are proud to recognition . . . .
First National Bank
Bank of Marvell
Green Forest , Arkansas
Marvell , Arkansas
The Bank of Harrisburg
The Citizens Bank
Harrisbu rg, Arka nsas
Marshall , Arkansas
First National Bank of Eastern Ark ,
The Bank of Montgomery County
For rest City, Arkansas
Mount Ida, Arkansas
Planters and Merchants Bank
Bank of Mountain View
Mt. View, Arkansas
Bank of Cherry Valley
Farmers National Bank
Cherry Valley, Arkansas
Calhoun County Bank
Bank of Glenwood
Hampton , Arka n sas
First National Bank Harrison , Arkansas
First National Bank
Delta State Bank
Gurdon , Arkansas
Perry County Bank
Planters Bank & Trust Company
Perryvi ll e, Arkansas
Forrest Ci ty, Cotton Plant, & De Va ll s Bluff, Arkansa s
Bank of Pocahontas Pocahontas, Arkansas
Union State Bank
Bank of Prescott
Junction City, Arkansas
Bank of lake Village
Lake Village, Arkansas
Mercantile Bank Jonesboro, Arkansas
First Nationa l Bank of Paris
Peoples Bank & loan Company
First State Bank
Lewisvill e, A rkansas
Farmers & Merchants Bank Ma rianna, Arkansas
First National Bank of Commerce
Planters National Bank
Pa ragould, Arkansas
Hughes, Arkansas Ho ll y Grove, Arkansas
Piggott State Bank Piggott, Arkansas
JURIS DICTUM by C.A. Hu ie
Executive Secretary . Judicial Departm ent
Th e ro le o f a State Co urt Administrato r is o ne which is no t too we ll kn o wn or understood by many law ye rs and laymen . An address by Edward B. McConnell Administrative D irec to r o f th e Courts o f Ne w Jersey on th is sub jec t deli ve; ed at th e N atio nal Co nference o n th e Judic iary in Williamb urg, Virginia, March 11-14, 1971 w as bo th interes ting and info rmative. Th e first p art o f Mr. M cCo nn ell's address appeared in th e M ay 1971 iss ue of Th e Arkansas Lawyer. Th e seco nd part w as published in th e July 1971 iss ue. Th e co nclusio n is printed herewith . Court admini strato rs, be they judges o r no n-judges, mu st find wa ys to call upo n each ind ividual in the system to the maximum of hi s abil ities. To have judges on th e bench, w hose tal ent s are not being full y utilized becau se they have not been given a fair o pportunit y to demo nstrate their abil ities, is admin istratively inexc usa ble. Continu ed failure to call upo n a judge, or anyo ne else in th e co urt system for that matter, to th e limit of hi s capacity can o nl y result in the gradu al w ithering of both hi s abilities and hi s interest, w ith the indi vidual and th e system o f whi ch he is a part bo th being the ult imate losers. The impo rtan ce o f delegating respo nsibility and auth o rit y to the low est possible level wi thin a system is we ll ap preci ated in the bu sin ess w or ld, but th ose concerned with the admini strati o n o f the court s have been slow to learn thi s lesson. But then fo r some o f us lea rn ing
illu strated by th e plight of the judge w ith the bro ken arm . Fo r yea rs he had been acc ustomed to sneak ing down stai rs to the kitchen fo r a midnight sna ck. Hi s dog habituall y slept at the foo t of th e stair s; and nightly he had stepped o n the d og' s tail , his ea rs, an d his paws. But thi s night he stepped square o n it s belly; th e dog jum ped up yelping; and th e judge too k a spectac ular tumble, breaking hi s arm . " Now w o uldn 't yo u think," the judge asked in relat ing the incident to me, " that aft er all these years that damn dog wo uld have learned so mething?" The difficulty wi th so me judges,
and co urt adm ini strat o rs as we ll , is that o nce they have ostensi bly de legated respo nsibility, they too oft en then in sist that th e subo rdin ate to w hom auth o rity wa s grant ed do the jo b exact ly as they wo uld d o it. Such a situati o n is in to lerabl e for the subo rdinat e; he mu st be left free to choose his own path s and to arri ve at his ow n so luti o ns. If thi s o ppo rtun ity is afford ed him , the superi o r will often be pleasantly surpri sed to find that his subo rd inate has fo und a better way. Fear o f mi stakes is generally recognized as o ne of the biggest o bstacles to effective de legati o n, bo th fo r the superi or and th e subo rdinat e. Yet o nly by full delegati o n o f respo nsibility, with freed o m from fear of failure, ca n w e in th e co urts make full use of our human reso urces and avoid burea ucrati c stagnati o n. In ci d entall y, Ern es t Fri ese n, w ho spoke to you yes terday, has picturesq uely stated th e fo ur rul es fo r survival in a typi cal bureau cracy : " first, sta y in with the o ut s; seco nd, do n't rock th e boat; th ird, exploit th e in ev itable; and fo urth, d o n't get between the dog and the lamp post !" I subm it that some of us in co urt admini strat io n sho uld be less afraid o f getting o ur pant s we t ! Seco nd , to make ce rt ain that a decentralized system is wo rking well; that th ose to w ho m respo nsib i lit ies a r e d e l egat e d ar e produ cing the desi red results, it is esse ntial that th ere be o bjec tive standard s of perfo rm ance by w hich all w ithin the system can be fairl y j udged and held to acco unt; 164
that there be a good info rm ati o n system to make esse ntial data readil y availabl e to manage ment; and that lin es o f co mmuni cati o n be kept o pen fo r the free tran smi ssio n of ideas-not o nly up, d own and laterall y w ithin the o rganization, but al so with o ut side interested indi vid uals and gro ups. In the co urts we have been making co nsid erabl e progress in th e develo pment o f meaningful judicial stati stics and in the free communi cation of ideas, but we have d o ne little by way o f arriving at acceptab le objective standard s by whi ch to measure eith er the ind iv idual effecti veness of judges o r other court perso nn el , o r o f a court system as a wh o le. Th e establi shment of such standard s is not an easy task in th e judi cial envi ro nm e nt w he re , unl ike in bu sin ess, do llars al o ne are no t an acc eptab le measure o f perf o rman ce, and w here the rea l values to be sought afte r are so variabl e and so intangibl e. Ye t, in my o pinio n, the ta sk is w o rth pursu ing, fo r witho ut such standard s we have no relia ble way of determining w hi ch peo p le, procedures o r program s are succe ssful and which are not. There is, I th ink, o ne final facto r w hi ch m ust be given greater co nsiderati o n and w hi ch ultimately w ill have an impo rtant effect no t o nly o n the ro le and effecti veness of a state co urt ad mi nistrato r but also o n th e who le co urt system. Fo r :ack of a better term , I' ll call it publi c relatio ns; and by th is I do n't mean publicity. It has o ft en been said that courts d o not exi st fo r the benefi t of
judges and lawyers, but to serve litigant s a nd th e public. Sometimes, however, I wonder whether we do n't, in fact, o perat e the co urt s for the convenience of these groups in the o rd er named . I seriously beli eve that if judges and lawyers take a good hard look at the way th e co urts are run , they will have to confess that all too frequ entl y litigant s, witnesses, jurors and the public are given less co nsid erati o n t han th ey rightfully deserve. D o n' t mlSunderstnad me: t d o n't beli eve that th e int erests of judges and lawye rs sho uld be ignored; I just think that th ey sho uld be kept in proper perspecti ve.
It is also important that we give the public a greater voice in policy decisions as to how the co urt s sho uld be run . It is no longer sufficient , if it eve r was, for unilaterally formu lated poli cy to be wise, o r eve n beneficial to those it touches. The poor, th e black and the yo ung-and other as yet mo re tranquil groups--are not likely to be satisfied with the performance of th eir government's judicial syste m unless and until they have some meaningful voice in the formulation of th e poli cies b y which it o p e rat es. Our ingenuity sho uld be able to devi se ways of bringing this involvement about
Why I ask you, shou ld state co urts at great expe nse develo p and train judges, only to have th em lured away at high sa lari es by the Fed era l judiciary ju st when they rea ch their years of peak performance? Think of the advantages to be gained if we were to organiz e Federal and State Judi cial leag ues, with the co urt s in eac h bo und to respect the o th ers' right s and to refrain from poaching on th e ta lent of the other league, excep t in accordance with mutually establish ed ground-rules. Imagine, if yo u dare, what the result s w o uld be if Chief Ju sti ces, Chief Judges, and Pres iding Judges were empowered annua lly to draft for th eir respective judi cial rosters their c h o i ce of practicing attorneys-the co urt with the biggest backl og, of course, having first pick! What would happen if they co uld trad e judges during the su mmer recess o r ot her designated periods? I suspect that in some in stances there would be offers to swa p half-a-dozen run -of-th e- mill judges, with an " undi sc lo sed " amount of cas h throw n in , for a single rea lly good performer! How man y faces would be missing from the ben ch eac h yea r, if judges who
fa iled to keep up with th eir caseloads w ere put on waivers, given their un co nditional release, or farmed out to municipal courts for further ex per ien ce? Th e po ssibilities stagger the imagi nation! Co urthou ses and court tria ls m ight o nce again--as th ey were years ago-become centers of citizen ent ertainm ent. Revenue fro m TV ri ght s and judicial endo rsement s o f gavels, robes and assorted other popular products not o nly would reli eve th e over-burd ened taxpayers of upward spi rall ing co urt cos ts but would at th e same time make possible judicial sa lari es co mparable to those of the highest paid practi ci ng lawyers. With th e pub lic following th e daily di sposition averages of their favorite judges , lit ig ation would b e processed with ever-increasing expedit i on and co urt back logs would beco me a thing o f t he past! But what, you ask, wou Id be the ro le of the co u rt admini strator in this new scheme of things? D o n't worry about us! We would becom e th e Bow ie Kuhn 's and the Pete Rose lle's--th e no n-p laying, $100,000 a yea r commissio ners and genera l managers of th e new judicial leagues l â€˘
without waiting, as so many of our establi shm ent institutions have, until w e are compelled to take action by th ose who are mo re militant than we would like. By way of co ncluding my rema rk s o n the ro le of a state court administrator, at th e ri sk of boring some o f yo u, beca use to date it ha s pr o du ced no aff irmati ve results, I'd like to repea t a proposa l for improved co urt administration that I made to the Third Circuit Judicia l Conference last spring, sho rtl y after several of o ur state trial judges had been appointed to the Federal bench. The reserve clau se, the draft, and other alleged ly rest rictiv e practi ces of professional base ball , football and bask etball , may be of questionable legality, but I would suggest that their adaptation to the judiciary is worthy of your co n-
half your case is a well -pr inted br ief . .
STATE AND FEDERAL BRIEFS Roy Crai g, Owner/Manager
THE LAWYER 'S PRINTER
TREVATHAN PRINTING CO. Newport, Arkansas, 523-3987
Member . . . .. Arkansas Bar Association 166
FALL LEGAL INSTITUTE FOREWORD The Fa ll Legal Institute, September 17-18, on the subj ect of preparing and se ttling cases is a " mu st" for th e practi c ing lawyer. Th e program em braces prac ti ca l, bread -a nd -b utter prob lems w ho se so luti ons are esse ntia l t o th e success of th e Arkan sas practiti o ner. The speakers, w h o have been assembled for thi s In st itute, stand at the ve ry apex of th e trial bar. They are trul y th e ve ry best o btainabl e fr o m b o th sides of th e co un sel tabl e. Surely none o f us will pa ss up th e uniqu e op portunity t o hea r th ese men give the benefit of th eir vast expe rience in preparing and se tt ling law suit s. Th ose lawyers w ho think th ey can n ot afford to att end thi s In stitut e, in reality can not afford to mi ss it.
EFFECTIVE PREPARATION AND SETTLEMENTS TECHNIQUES IN PERSONAL INJURY CASES
Sheraton-Little Rock Motor Inn Little R ock, A rkansas September 17, 18, 197 1
HE N RY WOODS Vice- Presi d ent A rkan sa s Bar Assoc iati o n
PROGRAM Friday M o rn i ng, Sept em be r 17 Presiding: Paul B. Young, President Arkansas Bar Assoc iati on 9:00 Welcome-Paul B. Young
Defendant 's Prepara t io n of a Product s liaoility Case by M ic hael R. Gallagher of Cleveland , Ohio
COF FEE BREAK
Plaintiff's Prepa rat ion of an Aut omob il e Case by Jo hn Fran k of Wichita , Kansas
Effective Sett lement Techniques by Emil e Z. Berman of New York City
Defendant ' s Preparation of a n Automob il e Case by Reid A. Cur ti s of New Yo rk City
Settl e m ent fro m the In surance Com pan y Viewpoi nt by Tom Casey of Chicago, Illin o is
Plaintiff's Preparation of an Aviation Case by Tom Davis of Au stin , Texas
RECEPT ION AT SHERATON-LITTLE ROCK MOTOR INN
Defendant 's Preparation of an Aviation Case by Eugene Jeric ho of Dalla s, Texas
Saturday Morni n g, Se ptem ber 18 Presiding : A lston Jennings, Co-Chairma n Fall Lega l In st itute 9:30 Documentation of Settl em ent s by Ro bert S. lind sey of littl e Rock, Arka nsas
Friday Afternoon , September 17 Presiding: Henry Woods, Vice-Pres id ent Arkansas Bar Associati on 2:00
Plaintiff's Prepa ration of a Products Liab il ity Case by Lex Hawki n s oi D es Moines, Iowa 167
COFF EE BREAK
Case Evaluation Cli ni c by Joe Keln er of New York City
'-7.2. '10 ri q/tt
Dean, University of Oklahoma College of Law Di rector, University of Oklahoma Law Center
I am ho nored t hat The A r ka nsas l awyer is reprod uc ing th e talk w hi c h I m ad e las t D ecem be r to th e U nivers it y o f O kl aho m a l aw A lum ni Assoc iati o n . I hope w hat I had to say has as m uch releva nce in o ne State as in ano th er. Regardless of w heth er yo u agree w ith all t hat I had to say, t he bas ic thrust 0 1 it is sim p ly tha t as lawyers we have a higher d eg ree o f res p o nsib ilit y fo r th e improve m e nt o f o ur soc iety and fo r t he m aintenance o f a stabl e soc ial o rd er th an ever before in hi sto ry. In a pe ri o d w he n o ur nati o n is undu ly affl ic ted with tu rm o il and unres t, o ur res po nsibilit y beco mes at tim es as un p leasant as it is burd enso me. Bu t a peacefu l, o rderl y and progress ive sys tem , based up o n th e li be rt ies w h ic h w e c herish , is too impo rtant to be left t o th e m ercy o f rad ica ls, ex tre mi st s and asso rt ed l o ud m o uth s. Consequ ent ly, wh eth er we li ke it or no t, th e burden fall s upo n us as m embers o f th e p rofess io n w hi c h has tra d iti o nall y shaped o ur in stituti o ns and has led o ur nat io n to d o th ose thin gs w h ic h we mu st d o to prese rve and pro tec t o u r d em oc racy. It see m s to me th at, in th e Jeffers o nian trad i ti o n, educ at io n has a maj o r ro le to p lay in t hi s effo rt. law sc hoo ls in parti c u lar are c hanging to m ee t t he de m and s and ex igenc ies o f th e t imes. It is w ell that th ey are, beca use th e new radi c ali sm find s p ro babl y its greates t express io n t oday o n co llege c ampu ses. Th e law mu st indeed b e anath em a to th e radic al s, becau se m os t of th e ir
argu ment s ca nn ot sta nd t he light of reaso n . Ye t if yo u have occasi o n to m ee t any of th ese peo pl e, as I do, se ld o m w ill yo u enco unter a mo re inten se and d etermin ed lo t. If law sc hoo ls are im p rov ing, as many of us be li eve, it is a ve ry good t hing. As I have stated in thi s arti c le, th e great m aj o rit y o f co ll ege stud ent s do n o t fall int o th e "ca m p u s radi ca l" catego ry, alth o ugh th ey are th e m os t soc iall y co nce rn ed of any co llege ge nerati o n I have know n , e ith er as a fa c ult y m ember of as a stud ent. (They are also t he most unhappy. ) M an y o f th eir co nce rn s are vali d, o f co urse, and w here th ey are va lid , we sh o uld wo rk t o so lve th em . Th ere is o ne thin g, al so, tha t I d o no t believe I sp elled o ut in thi s sp eec h. Th e wo r ld is m ov ing so sw iftl y to day, and con d iti o n s are changing so rapi d ly, th at I d o ubt th at th e admini strati o n o f ju sti ce as we have kn o wn it c an keep pace for very lo ng. It pro babl y still o perat es success fu ll y in A rkan sas and in Ok laho m a, but it d oes no t in man y o f o ur large r states. The tim e has co m e, I beli eve, w h en mu c h of th e thinki ng that has go ne in to p lan s fo r th e improvem e nt o f o u r judi c ia l and gove rnm ental sys tem s is go ing t o have to b e p ut into effec t, if t he p lans seem so und. Wh e n th e co mm o n law co u ld no lo nger cope with t he n ee d s of Eng l i s hm e n , th e emerge nce o f equ ity foll owed . I bel ieve we are o n th e verge o f a peri od in o ur hi sto ry wh en we will
Edi tors' No te: It is a privilege to p ub lish D ean Wr ight's address, w hich wa s given to th e U niversity o f O klahoma Co llege o f Law Assoc iatio n at th e O BA A nnual M ee ting, D ecember 3, 1970. D ean Wr ight has a record o f disting u ish ed se rvi ce as a member o f th e A rkansas Bar A ssociatio n . Th e address first appeared in th e February 27, 1971 iss ue o f Th e Jo urn al o f the Ok l a h o m a Ba r A ss o ciatio n--to which w e are indebt ed for th e p ermiss io n to
re print. see so m e maj o r c hanges o f th at kind tak e pl ace in o rd er that ju sti ce may be acco mpli shed m o re ful ly, m o re rapid ly and m o re fr eely. 04rticle For everything there is a season and a lime for every ma Iler under heaven . Ecclesiasres 3: 1 (R.5. V.) But if in your though t you m ust measure rime into seasons, let each season encircle all the o ther seasons, And let today embrace the pas t with remem bran ce and the future with longing. Kahlil Cibra n, Th e Prophet 62-63 (1923)
A m e ri c an law ye rs hi st o ri ca lly have lived in an age o f c hange from th e ve ry beginning to th e prese nt. Fro m co lo ni al tim es w e have neve r been a nati o n w h ic h cared mu c h fo r standing sti ll. Th e statu s qu o has neve r been a
feature of American soc iety. We have been a natio n challenged by co nstant newness, confron ted by o ld and new fro ntiers, moving forward-always moving-facing up to ou r problems, co nqu ering th em, winning aga i nst adversi t y-alwa ys winning. The vi bran ce, the growth , th e progress of America ha s been due in large part to it s attitude that no barri er is too great to be climbed , no obstacl e too muc h to overcome, no path too chall eng ing, no venture to o fearful. In th e scale of values that dominated th e growth of the Ameri can republic, we placed a high priority o n eco nomic, tec hnological and soc ial advance. To stay put was to stagnate. To build , to improve, to excel were the virtues. And never mind the cost. To the law was given th e burden of keeping abreast of change and of occasio nal ly anticipating it. American l ibe rali sm, its philosophy stemming from the Declaration of Ind ependence and the Bill of Right s, revered the individual and hi s liberty and so ught to protect him against an omnipotent cent ral governm ent. O ur conse r vatism, shap e d by Ham ilt onian ideas, had a dynamic base which so ught to make society more productive, to create a po liti ca l economy in which native inventiveness could flourish and in which th e economic development of the nation would result in a multiplicity of worthwhile effects. We sought as a nation to overcome sca rci ty-a scarcity of labor, of fluid capita l, of industry-and in the late 19th ce ntury, we turned the co rn er. Since that time, it has been somew hat typical of Ame ri can p o liti ca l thought to base stabl e, democratic government on eco nomic wellbeing. In many ways the victory over the forces w hi ch created and prolonged the Great Depression was no less a victory for American democracy than th e Second World War-and in its time, no less a crisis. We fi nd o urs e l ves today , however, facing a crisis of the old order which is no less chall enging and no less dange rou s in its potential than the economic cri sis of the 1930's o r th e c hall enge of H it ler's
Germany o r of latter-day Communi sm. In many ways it is a more insidiou s thing, becau se it has none of th e clarity of the probl ems of men o ut of work o r direct and obvious c hallenges to a free society from foreign nations. I am refe rring ,
chall enge of the young to the American system . I n a way, I hate to call it that , beca use for the vast bulk of th e m , it i s not a "chall enge" at all in a truly hostile se nse. For most of them it is a call to Am erica to live up to th e ideal s which we say w e hold to; and for
the most part, it is difficult to co ndemn the beliefs to which most of them ascribe. Most Ame ri can yo uth are no t the bo mb-throwers who blew up the building at Wisconsin, or the arsonists who started the fire in the Harvard Library, or the extrem ists who justify violent acts either by ca lling them " non -v iol ent" or by som e trun cated argum entation to which the mental processes of lawyers cou ld never beco me attuned . Most young people today are turn ing away, in my op inio n, from Con tinued o n page 1 70
e're gettin our state together .. thanks to Governor Dale Bumpers and all who serve Arkansas.
Commercial National Bank of Little Rock
Continued from page 169
th ose wh o so m e ho w equat e vio lence and destru c ti o n with progress. Those who genu inely seek a peaceful w o rld perhaps are co ming to re cognize that a man is just as d ead if he happens to be a graduat e student in the w ro ng pla ce at th e wron g tim e in Mad iso n, Wi sconsin , as he w o uld be if he w ere a G.!. in th e same situati o n in South Vi etnam . The m ost se ri o us w eakn ess of so many of o ur co ll ege yo uth is not the allraction to radi cal causes, but a sort o f incredible naivete and a strange lack, for a generati o n so we ll -sc hoo led , o f a se nse o f hi story and a will ingness to app ly it in today's wo rld . In the case of Angela Davi s, she is a black Marxi st. Ergo, upo n her arrest, the assumpti o n is made that the " Establi shm ent" (and I read so mewh ere that I wa s a part of that, altho ugh I had no t kn ow n it until then) is o ut to get her. That there is a d ead judge wh o has bee n murdered o ut in Califo rnia seem s extran eo us. Thi s is wh o lly irrational to us, and it is th e
irrati o nal ity of it and the fac t that so many yo ung peopl e are taken in by it that di sturb s me. An article in the August, 1970, issue o f Harper's, by John Fi sc her, lays bare thi s irratio nality in discussing event s at Yal e last spring whi ch related to the trial o f Bo bby Seal e, c hairman o f the Black Panthers, for co mpli ci ty in the murder o f a fe ll ow Panth er. Fi sc her repo rted that Seale wa s " the current fo lk-hero of many undergraduat es and so me of the faculty" at Yale and that the "s tud e nt s' c ampaign t o ' Free Bo bby' wa s accompani ed by a strike, demonstrati o n, arso n, a bo mbing, and two mino r skir mis hes with the Nat io nal Guard". Aft er descri bing at so me length the mass in sanity whi ch se ized the Yal e co mmunity, Fi sc her co ncl uded : "So m e wh e r e at Ya l e l as t sprin g-perha ps in the fa ke-Goth ic hall s of the law sc hool -so mebody may have bee n makin g th e class ic argum ent fo r tri al by jury: how ever imperfect, it is th e so un dest protecti o n yet d evi sed fo r
disse n te r s a n d unpop ul a r minori ti es. If so, I never heard of him . No r wa s the argum ent eve r menti o ned , to my kn ow ledge, in any universit y p ubl ica t io n o r publi c m ee ting . I had halfexpec t e d th e Reverend M r . (Slo an e) Co ffin to ra ise it in o ne of hi s se rm o ns, sin ce he had been released by th e co urts in the Bosto n draft conspiracy case; but he did not. " Th e eage rn ess o f so man y stud e nt s and so m e o f their teachers to use po liti cal press u re to halt the w ork of th e court stru ck me as the m ost surpri sing, and om ino us, fac t to emerge fro m the Yal e demon stratio ns. Apparently it never occurred to them that if th ey su ccee ded , similar p o liti ca l pressures m ight so meday be turn ed aga inst them. Neith er did th ey sto p to th ink that th ey were, in effec t, trying to throwaw ay a right that radi cal s had fo ught fo r fro m Runn y m ed e t o Pete r Ze nger. Pro babl y most o f th em never heard of Zenger, sin ce student activi sts th ese days ge nerally regard
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history as irrelevant. For that reason , too, th ey seem unawa re of certain revo luti o nists who succeeded , a generation ago, in overthrowing thei r co untries' esta bli shed governments, and w ho pro mptly closed down th e cou rt s. Th ey called themselves " fa sc ists"." I suppose at this point yo u are wonde rin g what all of thi> has to do with the Law Center at the University of Okla homa . It has everything to do with it. We have passed the tim e in A meri ca when lega l edu ca ti o n can be co ncerned on ly with teaching torts and co ntrac ts and prope rt y, o r wh en lawyers can only be involved with the woes of their client s. I do not mean that we wi ll cease to teac h th ese subjects, o f co urse, o r t hat lawyers wil l cease to be oriented toward rep resen ting client s and tryi ng cases. But I d o mean to tell yo u, without trying to ove rly inflat e yo ur egos, that by virtu e of o ur education and experi ence this pro fess ion of ou rs is in my op ini o n the best hope this nation has. We are "co nservati ves", eve ryo ne of us, including the " li berals" amo ng
us, in the sense that even while we try from time to tim e to impro ve o ur laws and legal st ruct ure, w e adhere to the basic values whi ch are the foundati o ns of the spiri t of liberty. Moreover, as lawyers, w e are accustomed to change because we work in the mid st of it. The Supr eme Court m ee ts ; th e legislature meets; agenc ies formulate new regu latio ns-a nd the rules of the game change, day by day and m o nth by m o nth . W e may, more and more, have to make change take place, in o rd er to assure ourselves that the rul e o f law co nt inues to rul e. Thi s great Law Cen ter, thi s great dream which we hope will co me to pass at Okla homa , will ultimately become the center for doing th ose things which Judge Learn ed Hand o nce ascribed to law sc hoo ls-" of co ntri vi ng new methods , o f discovering new ideas, o f surveying new territory". In th e Center we will work wi th the Legislature and the Bar in research projects to make o ur. laws better, and with the Courts and the Bar to improve our judicial system and
the quality and knowledge of our professio n . We will do thi s through making ou r College of Law fully the equa l of the best state-suppo rt ed instit ution s and many of the top private sc hoo ls in the nation . We have already begun that process, through the help of th e Bar, the Legislature, the Regent s and ot hers, such as Dr. Pete Kyle McCarter. We will prod uce ideas rath er than receive th em, second -hand , from Harvard o r si milar points . Did you ever stop to think that what we come up with might make more se nse, particularly for the Southwest, than what ema nates from points No rth ? (If yo u read Fischer' s article about the Bobby Sea le affair at Yale, yo u would I ikely become co nvin ced of it.) We will do these things through research of all kind s, throug h working wit h State agencies and with the Bar and Legi slature, thro ugh co ntinu ing leg al edu cation , through th e publi c ati o n of books and periodicals of pa rti cu lar import to Oklahoma and the Southwest, and Co ntinued o n page 17 2
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Cont inued from page 17 1
ultimat e l y thr o ugh graduat e program s in law and thro ugh the training of parapro fess io nal s. We will expand o ur effo rt s in clinical edu cati o n, bec au se I see th e educatio n of lawyers as mov ing mo re and more toward a co m binatio n o f tradit io nal tec hniqu es and the pract icality o f the cl ini cal approach. Either without th e oth er is demon strab ly poo rer, in my opinion . Thu s it is , thro ugh all th ese acti viti es, that we produ ce a "sc hool fo r all seaso ns"-fo r the law student, fo r the pro fessio n, for lawmakers, and for the peopl e. We do not have th e naive te o f youth whi ch lead s some o f them to believe that a new society can be bu ilt overnight. As lawyers, we kn ow that it cannot; and w e also kn ow that man 's inhumanity to man is not cured by handing o ut flowers o r by co mmunal liv ing (which as best I can determin e did no t serve too w ell to humanize Charles Man son). But wh en yo ung peo pl e beco me co ncern ed abo ut
our envi ro nm ent, o r abo ut the qua lity of ju sti ce d ispe nsed in thi s country, o r abo ut gadgets that fail to operate properl y if at all , o r abo ut how d octo rs are getting ri ch off o f M ed ica re whil e th e A.M.A. prevent s the edu cati o n o f new doc tors, o r abo ut wh ether th e human race is go ing to bl ow it se lf to Hel l and bac k befo re M o nday-they are co ncern ed abo ut things that w e rightly sho uld be co ncern ed abo ut as lawyers. Fo r whether w e think abo ut it o r not , ours is th e profession that makes things w o rk in soc iety, that stru ctured thi s soc iety in ,., e beginn i ng, and that co ntinu es to restru cture it today. We can make it better, and we have a respo nsibility to do so. I referred earlier to th e A ugust issue o f Harper's . In the D ece m ber, 1970, issue of the same magazin e, Bill M oyers, fo rm er ass istant to Pres id ent Jo hn son, writ es of a lo ng trip he made aro und the co untry, and he says this : " People are more anxio us and bewildered than alarm ed . They d o n't kn ow what to make o f it
JLanb m:itlt ~~~ociation
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1 . n . . . . 0 ... .. 0 "
Is Proud To Join Hands With The ARKANSAS BAR ASSOCIATION To H onor Dale Bumpers Govern or, State of Arkan sas
all : of lo ng hair and end less war, o f their children dese rt i ng their co untry, o f co ngestio n o n th eir hi g hways and ove rf l o wing c r o wd s in th e ir national parks; of art that does not up lift and mov ies that do not reach co nclu sio ns; o f in tran sigence in governm ent and vio lence; o f po litician s w ho co me and go whil e pro bl ems plague and persist; o f being lo nely surro unded by people, and bored with so many possess io ns; of th e failure of o rganizati o ns to keep the air br e athabl e , th e w at e r drinkable, and man peaceable; of being poo r. I left Ho usto n co nvinced that liberal s and co n se rvati ves th ere shared three ba sic apprehe nsio ns: they want the war to sto p, they do not want to lose th eir children, and they want to be pro ud of their co untry. But it wa s the sam e everywh ere. " Th ere is a myth that the d ece nt thing ha s almo st always prevailed i n Am eri ca wh en the iss ues were clea rl y put to th e peo pl e. It may no t always happen. I fo und . .. . an impatience/ an intemperan ce/ an iso lati o n whi ch invites o ppo rtuni sts wh o promi se too mu ch and castigate too many. And I c am e ba c k w i th questio ns. Can the co untry be wi se if it hears no wi sd om? " Ours is the pro fession o f reaso n and wi sd o [n , if fo r no oth er reaso n than that th ose are th e qualiti es which w e venerat e. What we d o in thi s mo ment in tim e is likely o f greater impo rt ance to thi s nati o n than all it s medi cal research and space program s, and ce rtainl y mo re impo rtant than th e pro liferati o n o f governm ental bureau cra cy in Washingt o n whi ch seem s to produce littl e, but does it at substantial expense. We have as mu ch o f a dut y to make o ur system better as w e do to co ndemn the idi ocy that spawn s cam pu s vio lence and intemperat e at tacks upo n the system. W e have the duty, as a pro fess ion, and w e had better tend to it. And that , hopefully, is what th e Law Cent er is about , and that is also what o ur profession can d o for Am eri ca. •
111'.6 1\.6.61zrtiwr 11u 1\rkuu.6u.6 ARKANSAS WORKSHOP II ON STANDARDS FOR CRIMINAL JUSTICE CONFERENCE I. 2. 3. 4. S.
RE Joinder and Severence Trial by Jury Discovery and Procedure Before Trial Criminal Appeals Post-Conviction Remedies
ARKANSAS SUPREME COURT
ARKANSAS JUDICIAL COUNCIL j ARKANSAS PROSECUTING ATTORNEYS' ASSOCIATION; AMERICAN BAR ASSOCIATION; ARKANSAS COMMISSION ON CRIME AND LAW ENFORCEMENT ; ARKANSAS BAR ASSOCIATION e-路路路
OCTOBER 7, 8, 1971 ARLINGTON HOTEL, HOT SPRINGS, ARKANS AS
FOR LEGAL SECRETARIES (and Attorneys-at-Law)
featuring J. HARRIS MORGAN , Morgan , Smith & Crouch Greenville, Texas - noted lecturer-author in field of law office management LEE TURNER, Turner & Balloun Great Bend, Kansas - foremost authority on effective use of lega l assistants RUTH BRUNSON, University of Arkansas School of Law, Little Rock Division - Law Librarian and Associate Professor of Law
co-sponsored by Arkansas Association of Legal Secretaries Arkansas Bar Association October 9, 1971 Coachman's Inn, Little Rock, Arkansas
Docket Control' for the
Small Law Office By Darryl K. Nevers
I. Basic Prerequisiles A. Eve ry legal matt er whi c h co mes int o th e lawye r's o ffi ce mu st have a se parat e case fil e o r jacket ass igned to it. Th e parti c ul ar legal matter (be it o nl y a single piece o f co rresp o nd ence) sho uld have a perman ent ho me in w hi c h all re lat ed pape rs, n o tes o r doc um ent s can be fil ed and kept. The papers w ithin th e file it se lf sho uld be uniforml y maintain ed and sec urely fastened to th e fil e fo lder. No papers sh o uld ever be se parated fro m th e fil e. W hen it is necessary to remove a paper fo r ph o toco pying, th e case fil e sh o uld acco mpan y that paper to th e co py mac hin e, and imm ediat ely aft er th e doc um ent is reprodu ced , th e o riginal mu st be return ed to th e fil e. B. In all cases an ind ex ca rd sho uld b e fill ed o ut at th e sa me ti me th e case fil e is o pened . Th ese index card s will be illu st rated elsew here in thi s articl e. At least three different co lo rs of ca rd s sh o uld be util ized as part o f th e doc ket co ntro l sys tem (add iti o nal co lo rs may be used depend ing upo n the vo lum e or freq uency of parti c ular types o f cases in th e lawyer's prac ti ce ). A w hite card can be used fo r all no n -co urt matte rs (d ra ft i ng w ill s, co ntrac t s, leases or real estate cl osings.). A pink ca rd can b e u sed fo r all co urt matters whi ch o rdin aril y do not invo lve lit igati o n (nam e c hanges, adopti o ns o r pro bate matters). Finall y, a red ca rd sh o uld be u sed for all co urt matters w hi ch ei ther involve litigati o n at th e o utset (d ivorce and cr im inal ca ses), or w hich if n o t settl ed w ill result in li tigat ion su c h as co ll ec ti o n mat -
ters and perso nal injury cases . Red is ass ign ed to cases w hi c h in vo lve litigat io n beca use thi s is pro babl y the greatest area of dange r to th e lawye r (all ow ing a statut e of limitati o n to run o r mi ssi ng a du e date for a pleading). All o f th ese cards are fil ed togeth er alph abeti cally by th e cli ent's last nam e. W h e n a c ase i s co mpl e t ed (exec utio n o f the will o r settlin g th e perso nal injury), th e card is retired to th e ina cti ve fil e. In thi s mann er, at any given tim e, th e lawyer ca n reveiw every pending legal matt er in his o ffi ce, gi ving hi s parti c ular attenti o n to th e red card s whi c h invo lve litigatio n. Th e index card file sho uld b e kept in a fir eproo f ca binet o r vault. C. All acti ve and p ending fil es o r jac ket s sh o uld b e kept in a fire proo f cabin et w h en they are not o ut fo r a spec ifi c purpose (typin g, rev iew, researc h o r co urt) . In addit io n, no fil es sho uld be left out at th e cl ose of th e day. In th e event of a fire o r vandali sm, it wo uld n ot th en be necessary to inve nto ry all acti ve fil es by c rosschec kin g th em w ith th e card index to find w hi c h fil es we re destroyed or sto len. Of co urse, th e fireproo f cabin et sho uld al w ays be loc ked w h en no o ne is in th e office. The pro bl em o f d upli cating a lost o r dest roye d fil e is apparent. Fil es w hic h are b eing worked o n by th e secretary and not co mpl eted at th e end of t he day can be pl aced in a rese rved secti o n in th e fireproo f cabinet fo r easy re mova l at the begi nning of th e new wo rk day. Parti c ul arl y va luabl e doc um ent s suc h as notes or sec uriti es sho ul d be stored in a sa fety deposi t box at th e lawyer's bank, and a memo to 174
(Editor 's N ote:-The January 1971 issu e of Th e Arkansas Lwyer, at p ages 18-19, carried two artic/es o n " Th e Profess ional Liability In s uran ce Probl e m, " and th e so lution fo r members o f th e Arkansas Bar Assoc iation. As a part o f the Association 's new professional liability pro gram, informa cive arCic/es will be published fro m cime CO Cim e in Th e Arkansas Lawyer, and will be idencified by che $ sign. Mr. N evers' article is in chis series. He is a graduace of the Marquette Universicy Law School and prac tices law in Milwaukee. We are indebced co che StaCe Bar o f Wisconsin and Mr. N evers for p ermiss ion to re print his article, whi c h firsc appeared in ch e D ecember 1970 iss u e of th e Wiscon sin Bar Bulletin.) ch ac effect pl aced in th e fil e. D . Th e acco unt s rece iva bl e ledger sho uld be kept in th e fir eproo f cabinet. E. Within th e firep roof cabinet, th e lawyer ca n gro up th e act ive fil es as best fit s hi s parti c ular needs. If he does a large vo lum e of di vo rce o r co llect io n, he might w i sh to g lo up th ese fi l es se parat ely, kee pin g su c h fil es arrang ed in alphabeti ca l o rd er w ithin that parti c ular gro up. Will s (th e law yer's copy) m ight also be ke pt togeth er in thi s ca binet sin ce he never kn o w s w hen he might have to refer to o ne fo r redrafting o r so me o th er purpose. If th e law ye r does kee p th e o rigin al w ill at t he c li ent's requ est, he sho uld keep it in th e office safety deposi t box a t hi s b a nk . Bas i c all y, h o w ever, th e firep roo f ca bin et is for acti ve fil es and c losed fi les
sho uld be st ored separate ly. Files in w hic h rep li es t o correspondence or responsive路 pl eadi ngs are expected might also be separately grouped togeth er for easy review. Cases whi ch are awaiting trial might also b e sepa rat ely gro uped toge th er. If files are gro uped in thi s manner, the sec retary seeking a particu lar file might have to searc h severa l groups before finding th e specific file. O n th e o th er hand , in order to review files pending trial or in w hic h somet hing is due to be received, for exa mple, th e lawyer need o nl y review one pa rti cu lar group. If th e lawyer ado pt s the separate gro up system of keeping his ac ti ve fil es, eac h separate gro u p shou ld be clearly labeled suc h as PENDING DIVORCE , TRIAL DATE SET, or RESPONSE DUE. F. There sho uld b e some method of tickler o r suspen se system ma int ain ed. An easy method is to arrange 31 fi le fo ld ers, one for each day of the month. Reminders o r notes wh ic h sho uld come to t he lawyer's attention on any pa rti cu lar day (includ ing lega l matters, hi s wife's birthday or a reminde r to pay th e office rent) are placed in that day's file. This fi le is checked every morning fo r th at particular day. If it is the 2nd of the month , and the lawyer wishes to be reminded to begin re sea rch on the Jones case in 10 days, he simp ly puts a note in the file marked 12. Every Friday morning, in addition to checking the suspense file for that day, th e follow ing or next two files are also c hec ked (Satu rday and Sunday). This suspense system is not inten-
ded to remind the lawyer of his daily appointments or court dates. He m ust maintain a se parate daily ca lendar for that purpose and his secretary shou ld keep a duplicate calendar for her own use. These two calend ars are c ross-c hecked at the end of each day. When the lawyer makes an appo intm ent, he must be sure to inform his sec retary so that she can keep her da ily ca lendar up to date. The lawyer's daily ca lendar sho uld always accompany the lawye r w hen he leaves th e office so that he can cons ult it at any time to prevent time co nfli cts w hi ch are
not always easy t o resolve at a later
over the yea rs, and thi s is th e in-
visible extra measure o f sec urit y,
G. Large masses o f fil es, papers, bills, books, daily repo rters, bar j o urnal s and ot her materials must never gather on the lawyer's desk. Everything mu st have its place or some thin g wil l be l ost or overl oo ked . Printed matter w hi ch the lawyer intends on reading (ad vance sheets or bar journals) sh o uld be placed in one area of the law library and not fil ed away until he initials and dates th e cove r. H . The lawyer and his staff must dicipline th emse lves to follow the office procedure in every i nstance. The sys tem works on ly if it is ca refull y ad hered to . I. The office staff must be admoni shed never to release any in-
but no lawyer's memory is infal libl e. A docket co ntro l system p rov id es peace of mind and sec urity. It will preven t se ri o us finan c ial loss to cl ient s for which the lawyer co uld be perso nally responsible. In addi tion , with the in c reas ing number of malpractice claims arising again st lawye rs, a co ntro lled syste m w ill preve nt the ca nce llati on of a lawyer's ma lp racti ce in suran ce. All compa nies now writing ma lpractice in suran ce for lawye rs requi re d etailed info rmation rega rding his method of docket con tro l in the renewa l application. III. Suggested Method of Docket Control The simple d ocke t con tro l is the
rormation or fi les to any person at
any tim e unless they have spec ific instructions to that effect. They have also been warned never to discuss cases outside of the office. The sec urity of the law office must be stri ct. J. The lawyer, particu larly th e
current. There are three basic elements to an effic ient docket co nt ro l systam': (a) a ca rd index as exp lain ed above, (b) an orderl y sys tem of maintaining file cover sheets and stori ng act ive files , and (c) a master docket con tro l sheet. Keeping Active Files Act ive files mu st be kept and maintained in an o rd erly fashion . Wh ile th ere is no si ngl e way to keep a file , generall y, it is a good idea to keep the correspo ndence, pl eadings and miscel laneous notes eac h in sepa rate unit s w ithin the fi le. Im po rtant dates whic h involve o r req uire th e performance of some specific act or duty on the part of the lawyer withi n a limited period of time, su ch as a statute o f limitatio n s o r a tax tender, sho uld be written bold ly in red ink on the in side of the fro nt file cover. Wh en the lawyer ope ns the fi le fo r any
p rac titi oner, must
rangemen t s made in advance for the con tinuati on or w in dup of his law practice in the event of hi s deat h o r se ri ous disability. His w ife sho uld kn ow on whom she can call for ass istance shou ld it ever become necessa ry. Stat utes of li mitation do not cease to run because a lawyer di es o r is incapacitated.
II. Purpose and Importance of Docket Control The purpose of docket control is to assist the lawyer in the orderl y and controlled performance of hi s lega l duties and responsibilities, particu larl y th ose which are limited by a specific time facto r. A docket contro l sys tem wil l prevent the lawyer from missing a statute of limit at io n s or a tax tender. It wi ll keep him in stantly informed of due dates for p leadings, court dates, statut es of limitation, tax t enders, and o ther important duties which are limited by a time fac tor. A docket contro l system w ill provide the bluep ri nt for the orde rly tak e-over of the lawyer's practice when h e dies or is se ri o usly incapacitated . Lawyers usuall y develop good m emo ri es 175
purpose, there is a co n stant remin-
der of t h e important time limitation. A hodge-podge file is like a messy closet. Not on ly does it reflect poorly on its owner, but it will eventually prec ipitate sea rc h ing and shuffling with res ulting time loss and perhaps th e loss o f the ob jec t being so ught. All cour t o rd ers, findings and pleadings should be ca refull y co nform ed wit h th e original to reflect the dates and names of th e judge o r parties sign ing th e same. The information rel ating to admissio n of Continued on page 176
Continued from page 175
service sho uld be written on the fil e copy of the pleading or co urt paper in volved . It is al so a good idea to photocopy all affidavits and certifi cate s of service and attach th ese to the file copy of the paper which was se rved by the pro cess se rver. Finall y, every fde should contain so me method of cover system which will show at a glance th e co urt pap ers and pleadings co ntained in the fil e and the dates th ese papers are due as well as the dates on which they were served and filed . Some commercial files are ava ilabl e with thi s type o f information already printed on the o ut si de o f th e jacket. A lawye r can make up hi s ow n form of cover sheet and have th em reproduced for this purpose . He can include whatever information
he wishes such as th e cap ti on of the case, th e name and location of the co urt, the nam e o f the judge, the nam e and phon e number of o pposing counsel and interested parti es . , THE STATUTE OF LIM ITAT IONS (printed in red) , and the particular info rmation concerning the due dates, service and filing of pl eadings and co urt papers. As stated above, all active files mu st be kept in a fireproof vau lt o r cabinet when they are not in use.
Master Docket Co ntro l Sheet Th e master d oc ket co ntrol sheet is o nl y for cases which in volve litigatio n (red ca rd s) o r cases in which the lawyer's performan ce of so me act is limited by a time factor. Not o nly will an entry be made o n this control sheet for all pending lawsuits, but probate mat ters which require tax tenders or th e filing of federal estate tax notices and return s will be noted th ereo n as well . In addition , depending up o n th e lawyer' s specia lized needs in hi s own practice, an entry will be mad e for any case which invo lves a crucial tim e factor. Cases which o nly in vo lve drafting o r co urt matters in which there generally is no crucial time fac to r should not be in cluded o n the master doc ket co ntrol sheet. The master docket co ntrol sheet should group the cases as to type. There ca n be se parate groupings fo r probat e, negligen ce cases,
divorce cases, and th ose cases in which th e lawye r ha s been retained as defense co un se l. There might be sepa rat e groupings for oth er types of cases depending upo n th e volume of these cases in th e lawyer's practice. It is best to group the cases according to type because eac h type o f case requires the entry of different information . The master docket co ntro l sheet presents an over-a ll picture o f all current lega l matters in which the element of tim e po rtray s a vita l role and the lawyer's duties are spec ifi ca ll y reg ulat ed thereby. It is a v isual summ ary o f tim e lim itatio ns. It sho uld be placed on a w all for easy rev iew and maintenance. A locat ion sho uld be selected so that th e master docket co ntro l sheet canno t be seen by clients. Ca re must be exercised so that the index ca rd s, cover sheets and master doc ket co ntro l sheet are kept c urrent at all tim es. When the lawyer has adopted a system of index ca rd s, cover sheets and a master doc ket co ntro l chart for hi s active fil es, he will have ava ilabl e the necessa ry too ls for effective d oc ket co nt ro l. Th ese too ls should be used as part of an organized system of chec king and cross -checki ng to be fully effecti ve aga in st th e unn o ticed pass ing of a c ru c ial tim e limitation . Th e check ing procedure shou ld include regular independ ent chec ks by the lawyer's staff to suppl ement
th e check ing done by the lawyer him se lf. The lawyer sho uld on a' regula r basis, at least once eac h month , rev iew the index ca rd fde and cross-c hec k the index card s wi th th e file cover sheets and master docket cont ro l sheet in o rder to be ce rtain that all element s of hi s docket contro l have been kept current. He sho uld review the mast er d oc ket co nt ro l sheet eac h day to chec k th ose important time limitations which reg ulate the perfo rman ce o f hi s lega l duties. Every m ember o f th e lawyer's staff sh o uld fully und e rsta nd th e doc ket co ntrol procedures in th e office as well as their impo rtan ce. As part o f her assigned duties, the lawyer's sec reta ry should chec k eac h mo rnin g th e suspense file and the docket co ntro l sheet and ca ll to th e lawyer's attention such matters req uiring attention prior to the exp irati o n o f a particular tim e period . Th e sec retary sho uld al so maintain a follow-up proced ure to ensure that the speci fic task has been co mpl eted well in advance of any tim e limitati o n or due date. Variations of the d ocket co ntrol methods o utlin ed above can be mad e to fit the needs o f any law practice . It is urged that eve ry law office adopt a docket co ntrol system to ensure the orderly and timel y performance of the lawyer's duti es and to fulfill th e professional res p o n sibiliti es required in the practice of law .â€˘
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE NOTES by Robert D. Ross, Secretory- Treasurer
The first meeting o f th e new Executive
Co mmitt ee
vened in Little Roc k o n August 6 in co njun ctio n with the co nvocatio n of co mmittee chairm en at whi ch some thirt y-eight com mittee chairmen repo rt ed o n activities already under way and plan s for th e remainder of the year. New members of the Executive Committee making their fir st appearance were John Mann of Forrest City, lynn Wade of Fayetteville, Jo hn lil e (Chairman of You ng lawyers Section) and Steve Matthews (Chairman of th e A rkan sas Bar Fo un dation) of Pin e Bluff and Dale Price of Little Rock. The nominati o n by President Paul Young o f William S. Mitchell as Chairman of th e Judi cial Nominations Committee was ratifi ed by the Commi tt ee and Mr. Mitchell's com mitt ee was authorized to estab li sh i t s own rules of procedure and to in cur th e expenses necessary to circularize all th e lawyers in the Judicial o r Chancery circuit s in which a vacancy occurs. It was indicated that Governor Dale Bumpers would follow the recently in sti tuted procedure of consu lt ing the Judi cia l Nominations Committee for nominatio ns from whi ch the appo nt ment would be mad e to fi ll any vacancy.
David Hodges, representing th e Association 's Defense of Criminal Indigents Committee and who is also Chairman of the A rkan sas Co mmission on Crim e and law Enforcement, repo rt ed to th e Executive Co mmitt ee that funds are available from the law En fo rcement Assistance Agency to fund pilot Public Defender programs o n a matching fund basis with local Jud icial Circ uit s. The 4th Judi cia l Ci rc uit (Washington Co unt y) has an application pending for funding of a pilot program and th e 12th Judi cial Ci rc uit (Sebastian Co unty) has an ap plication i n preparation . The Exec utive Co mmitt ee endorsed the co ncep t of pil ot Public Defend er programs and also endorsed the app li cation s o f the tw o districts. Th e Executive Co mm ittee adopted a reso luti o n designating the Arkansas Bar As sociation as a member of the American Bar Retirement Association . This does not ob ligate ou r Association or its members but makes th e A meri ca n Bar Association retirement plan available to all members of the Arkansas Bar Association whether or no t they are members o f the American Bar Association . Th e preliminary report prese nted to the Committee by the Sec retar y-Treasurer co ncerning th e 177
financial affairs of th e Association for the fiscal year 1970-1971 in dicated that th e Association had an excess o f income ove r expen di tures o f m o re than $4,500.00. Ed Bethune, Chairman o f th e Standards of Criminal Ju sti ce Committee of the Association, reported that plans are well under way for Workshop II to consi der five additi o nal standard s - Joi nder and Seve ran ce ,
Di scove r y
Procedure Befo re Trial , Trial By Jury, Crimina l Appeals, and Post Co nvic tio n Remedies - when it meets o n October 7th and Bth in Hot Springs. Thi s workshop, to be attended by the State judi ciary, pro sec uting att o rn eys and interested lawyers, ho pefully will , along with the already o btain ed result s of Worksh o p I, provide id eas and material helpful to the Arkansas Supreme Co urt Advisory Committee c harged with aiding the Co urt in promulgating rules of criminal pl eading, practi ce and proced ure under the authority gran ted the Court by Ac t 41 0 of 1971 . The next regular meeting of the Executive Committee wil l be held o n Thursday afternoon , September 16 in little Roc k immediately preced ing the co nve ning of the Fall l ega l In sti tute on Friday, September 17.
We reecho the sentiments exp ressed i n the Spec ial Awa rd rece ntly p rese n ted Govern o r D ale Bum pers by the A rka nsas Bar Associatio n and th e A rka n sas Bar Fo un datio n . . . . " Fo r yo ur co n tri bu tio n to p ublic service in a mann er exemplifyi ng th e highest tradi tions of th e lega l pro fessio n . .. "
Faulkner County Bar Association
Osceola Bar Association
Ouachita County Bar Association
Saline County Bar Association
Thirteenth Judicial District Bar Association
Hot Springs County Bar Association
White County Bar Association
Southeast Arkansas Legal Institute
Crittenden County Bar Association
Pope-Yell County Bar Association
Sebastian County Bar Association
Jefferson County Bar Association
Arkansas County Bar Association
Clark County Bar Association .
Crawford County Bar Association
Union County Bar Association
Columbia County Bar Association
Washington County Bar Association
Conway County Bar Association
Craighead County Bar Association
Sl Francis County Bar Association
Polk County Bar Association
Pulaski County Bar Association
Garland County Bar Association
Baxter-Marion County Bar Association
Phillips County Bar Association 178
by Professor Robert Brockmann
At the tim e thi s is written the University of Arkansas Law School is in the process o f co ncluding its first yea r of a se lec ti ve admissions system. The selec tive admissions process has a two-fold purpose. First, it is designed to upgrade th e quality of th e law sc hool by improv ing the academic qualifi ca tion s of the stud ent body which then has the ultim ate end re sult of improving the profess ion . The seco nd purpose of se lect ive admissions is to select from the great mass of applicants to law sc hoo l, th ose possessing the qualifications that predict success in the study of law. Actually th e University of Arkan sas School of Law is a latecomer in th e area of se lect ive admissions. Many schoo ls have had a se lec tive admissions process for some years. In th e spring of 1970, th e law school was in spected by Professor Millard H. Ruud of the University of Texas. This was a routine periodical in spectio n by the Americ an Bar Assoc iati on which accredits th e law sc hool. Professor Ruud is Co nsultant o n Legal Education to the A merica n Bar Association . One of the co nce rn s exp ressed by Professor Ruud was th e lack of any mea ningful se lective admissions system at th e law sc hoo l. Th e concern was later repeated by Professo r Ruud in a series of info rmal co nferences with the auth o r of thi s col umn when he repr ese nted th e law sc hoo l at th e Law Sc hoo l Admission Test Council Annual Meeting held in Sun Valley, Idah o later in th e spring. Thereafter, a facu lty commi ttee was appointed to evo lve an admi ssio ns sys tem.
The co mmittee came up with a system similar in many respects to
th ose used in a large number of o ther law sc hoo ls. The factors co nsi d ered are th e individuals score o n the Law Sc hool Admission Test and hi s under graduate gradepoint average. Th e Law School Admission Test is administered b y th e Educational Testing Service of Princeton, New Jersey and is designed to predict sc ho lastic achievement in law sc hool and to provi de info rmation about th e und e rgraduat e preparation o f law sc hoo l applicants. The two factors, LSAT sco re and undergraduate grad epoint average, are weighed as equall y as po ss ibl e in th e se lec ti o n process . In analyzi ng thi s in fo rmation another se r v i ce of Educational Testing Service is utilized . Law Sc hoo l Data Assembly Service (LSDAS) analyzes th e undergraduat e tran script s of th e applicants and provides an index figure based upo n the tw o se lecti ve facto rs. Those ranking highest are th en te ntatively admi tt ed to the law school. In order to sec ure their admission th e applicant is required to make a non -refund abl e deposit of $50.00 within a prescribed tim e from hi s notice of admission . This is to help insure the law sc hoo l that th e position actually will be occ upi ed. It is interesting to note that eve n in thi s day of ove rcrowd ing in law sc hoo l, th ere is still a kee n com petition for the best qualifi ed appli ca nt s. As a result we have not ed the lo ss of some o f o ur best qualified applicants to ot her law sc hool s that have apparently been able to offer attractive schola rships. Admissions at th e Faye ttevill e campus numbered about 160 which will about maintain the sa m e over-capacity enro llm ent 179
present last year. The standard s for admission to the two division s are th e sa m e with all admi ss ions currently being hand led at Fayettev ille. It fell the lo t of th e author to be appointed Direct o r of Admissions by Dean Brnhart. I was ably assisted by Mrs. Carolyn Emmons, a sec retary here at the law sc hool who handled most of th e admini strative detail s of th e system. Experi ence has been a good teacher and hopefull y, some of th e problems enco unt ered in the ea rlier slages can be worked o ut in th e future. From the predictions cu rrent in the Lega l Education fi eld , th e crush o f appli ca nt s will co nt inu e for quite a few m o re years. As far as advice to applicants is co nce rned , th e time for loafing
one's way through undergraduate sc hoo l had been eliminat ed by co mpetiti o n. A bare C average may return to haunt o ne in the future!
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tile scene • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Arkansas Bar Association Fifteenth Mid-Year Meeting Economics of law Practice Marion Hotel , little Rock , Arkansas January 19-20, 1968
tile subleet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . · · · · • • • • How to Work Alone and like It
tile spetilter ............ · • · · · · · · · · · Honorable Dale l. Bumpers, President of the South Franklin County Bar Association
MR. DALE BUMPERS : Thank you very much, Glen. I want first to say that at this historic conference this morning between Griffin, Dave and me, it was agreed that I would be last. I don't know who gave Mr. Drummond the authority to change that, but I do want to say that when Griffin said that this was supposed to build up a climax, I was supposed to be last. (Laughter.)
What I have to say primari ly concerns solo practice in a sma ll town, not Helena nor Little Rock. It is divided briefly into 2 parts; that is, the history of eatab lishing a practice in a small town and secondly, such economies as I have been able to manage in my office . The first part is the lengthie r. (Laughter.) The time limitation placed on me precludes a complete revelation of all of the ingredients of my fantastic success, but I can say that I started practice in Charleston, Arkansas, where I was born and reared , in 1951 . The re are 1353 souls in this community. I graduated from law school that year and established my practice there with the following ingredients : a brilliant legal mind, a sizeable bank account, articu late debating ability, an impeccab le wardrobe and a reputation in the community for humility and modesty. (Laughter.) As a matter of fact , I recommend these things to any attorney starting anywhere. The first thing I noticed after 182
opening my office was a scarcity of clients. This scarcity developed into an absolute drought. At the end of the first year, my gross take was $432. The more affluent people in my community, needing legal se rvices, were apparently oblivious to the budding young Blackstone in their midst and sought services elsewhere. Those who did find their way to the portals of my office were the poor, the ignorant, and the most preve lant introductory question by my first clients was, " Ain' t you a sort of a lawyer?" And in all candor, that was a most legitimate question . Having attended law school outside of Arkansas, I was at a distinct disadvantage in certain areas, such as procedure, probate and the Arkansas Constitution. In an effort to overcome this, as well as other shortcomings, I attended every seminar, every institute and every bar association meeting that I could possibly find as well as spending as much time . as I possibly could with my patron saint, Mark E. Woolsey. I carefully
watched those attorneys who see med to be the most successful and attempted to imitate them . I suppose you co uld say that my ea rly pract ice was so rt of a " mo nkey see, monkey do " practice. (Laughter.) Eve n so, th e lack of cli ent s con tinued at an alarming rate and by the end of the 7t h yea r, my brilliant lega l mind was sha tt ered , my bank account non-exi stent , my articu lation red uced to a stutt er; and my wardrobe frayed and out of style. My rep utation for humility was soaring to new heights. At thi s point in my career, th ere was a drastic c urr en t eve nt. Th e Sebastia n Co unt y Sheriff's Depart ment , in an apparent effort to satisfy the demands of the press and si mult aneo usly clea r their docket o f another murder, charged a promine. Cha rl eston bu siness man wi th the cri me. This man, for reason s s' !I unkn own , elected to employ me to defend him . He w as as pure as the driven snow and in nocen t as a new ly ordained nun . After a highl y pub li cized 3-day trial before a packed co urt room , th e
jury deliberated 15 minutes before returning a verd ict o f acqui ttal , which had been a foregone conclusion from the openi ng stat ement. (Laughter.) Th e general publi c, at least in rural areas, eq uate this type of suc-
proper research, stand on a fairly eq ual footing w ith some of th e specia li sts in th e larger firms. I refer especially to the perso nal injury cases necessa ry in any practice, and oil and gas law which is peculiar to my area . In addition ,
cess, in a criminal case, with ability
one must have a good working
in all fields and I have not lacked for clients sin ce. I recommend a nice easy murder case for every beginning attorney. This brief hi story brings me to the second phase of the sto ry. In the begi nning, I had fel t compelled to take everything that came in my door, whether meritorio us o r no t. Most o f the tim e I didn 't know the difference. No t only did thi s disrupt any system o f office o rganizati o n and prevent good utilizati o n of tim e, but fo r th e most part it was
knowledge of property law , probate and d o mesti c relat io ns, which is esse ntial to th e survival of any sa le practitioner in a small tow n. These will sustain him between damage suits. I recommend to any sma ll town so lo practitioner that as soo n as possible he give up being an expert on socia l sec urity, veteran affairs, welfare, income tax and similar fields. I remember the fi rst yea r I practiced , a very ignorant, illit erat e, man came into my office with a W-2 form show ing that he had earned $940 the previous year. He had earned it from my fath erin-law who was a large ran cher there. I assured him that he need not fil e a return since he had 9 children to my knowledge. He insisted that the Internal Revenue
unremun erativ e.
Wh en one spread s him se lf too thinly, th e result s are usually thin . With my new ly found success, I gradually began to limit my practice to the fields in which I had had mo re than a curso ry experience and could at least, with
C o ntinued on page 184
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Servi ce had sent him thi s paper and he wanted to do so mething wi th il. So, finally I said , " W ell , all right , Pete, li st your c hildren and starl with the o ld esl." He groaned and he strain ed and finally he came up with 8 children, but he cou ld not come up with the 9th one. He said , " I wish my wife was here, she kno ws t hem kids. " (Laughter.) t said , " Pete, don 't swea t it , fri end , yo u've got enough here" and he lefl the o ffi ce still chagrined at being unabl e to remember the name of the 9th child . He lived about 3 miles from town and about 2 ho urs later, a lit tle ragamuffin boy, snoll y nosed, came into th e offi ce and stood in the lo bby fo r about fi ve minu tes dnd my sec retary said , " So n, co uld I help yo u ?" And he sa id , " Pa forgot me." (Laught er.) That is a true sto ry. I highly recommend th e referral of all cases inv o l vi ng labor relati o ns, bankrupt cy, civil rights, most creditors' claim s and cases in other fi eld s, wh ere an allorney's experience is likely to be limited to o ne o r two such cases in his to tal experi ence. In most instances the underlakin g of thi s type of case w ill be no se rvi ce to th e client and result in an eco no mi c loss to th e allorney. As for credit o rs' claim s, I have found that eve ry tim e I pursue o ne, the debtor is in va riabl y the foreman of my next jury. (Laughter.) In sho rt , I try to confine my practice to th ose areas in which I th o ught I co uld adequately co m pete and where th e pec uniary benefit s are the highesl. Thi s may so und harsh and unbeco ming, but the road to these concl usio ns we re much harsher. To offset any co mmunit y impressio n of indifference toward the needy, I put in a substantia l amount o f time in c hurch w o rk , sc hool boards , chamber of commerce, PTA and other limitless civic and charitabl e affairs in my community. At thi s point thi s di sc ussion has touched o n a mail er of econo mics o nl y as far as th e se lec tion of cases. I would like to bri efly make a few observations on my own practice.
First, the o ne place where one sho uld no t allempt to eco nomize is in the hiring of a sec retary. I have had the sam e sec retary for 10 yea rs. She is a very allrac tive, intelligent girl, neat in appearance, perfectionist in her work, co urteous without being perfunctory and ha s an innat e ability for cull ing railbird s and co nse rving time. As for office equipm ent, we have a stenaco rd dictating device, I BM Ex ec utiv e ty p ewri te r, 2 co pi ers, o ne w et process and one dry process. I can no t afford a Xe rox. I want to for the prestige it gives, but I haven't been able to . (Laughter.) I stro ngl y suspec t that there are a few Xerox machines across the State that are primarily th ere for prestige. As fo r library, I have Southwestern Repo rl s, Arkansa s cases only, th e Digest, Statutes, c. J.5., Am Jur and a few selected treati ses on spec ialized subjec ts. I am in FORT Smith about 3 tim es a week and I have access to 2 fin e libraries th ere. Many a yo ungster, I think, has found himse lf o n th e verge of bankrupt cy by buying a library both beyo nd hi s needs and hi s mea ns. As far as vacations ar e co ncer-
ned , m y sec retary and I take our vacation s together - that is, w e tak e o ff at th e sam e time . (Laught er.) I have tried several different way s and I have concl uded that the o nly sensible way is for bot h of us to leave at th e sam e time. I have tri ed h iring extra help during the 2 weeks she is on vacation and it is abso lut e sui cide. So, w e close our office fo r 2 w eeks and we try to get our docket and all of o ur affairs managed so that thi s is no t an in co nveni ence to any
of o ur cli ent s. One observation I will make in closi ng is that I feel thi s Bar Association for so me reason or another, ha s never really utilized the ta lent s of many solo practit io ners across th e Stat e. In my area, I ca n truthfully tell you from my own perso nal knowledge, not more than 1S per cent o f the so lo practi ti o ners
Association affairs. I think this is moSt unfortunate. I think thi s is a so urce of talenl. I do not know why they are not more active than 184
th ey are, but they aren ' l. I think it is se lf-d efeating for th em, I think it is degenerating and I think it is unfo rtunat e. I will tell you one story, becau se I know if I didn' t refer to Mark Woolsey yo u wo uld be disappointed. Mark and I went to Washington about 8 years ago to argue a case in th e United States Co url o f Claims. Congressman Trimbl e took us to th e Ho use Offi ce building cafeteria for lun ch. Mark has always pro fessed deep allegiance to the D em oc rati c Party but in truth , he is a To ry. (Laughter.) He ha s been antiRooseve lt to an inflammatory degree. That parlicular day Mr. Trimbl e, Mark and I sa t d own to lun ch and Jimmy Roosevelt , who at that time wa s a Congressman from California , p erhap s th e ugl iest man God ever created , walked in . He sat down with a group of yo ung high school girls. Hi s and Mark's chairs w ere backto-back. I said, " Mark, th er's Ji mmy Roosevelt ." He whirled around and said , " Wh e re , wh e re? " Roo sevelt had heard me call hi s nam e and as Mark whirled around , th ere they were, nose-to-nose, and while he was looking st raight at him, Mark sa id , " My God , Oale, them Roosevelts are still degenerating, ain 't they? " (Laughter, applause.) _
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Clients' Security Funds Where We Are What Is Ahead
-J. Stanley Mullin (Editor 's Note: This is th e text o f Mr . Mullin 's address, given at th e 73rd Annual Meeting o f th e Arkansas Bar Assoc iation, Jun e 2-5, 1971 . He is th e Chairman o f th e Clients' Sec urity Fund Committee o f th e American Bar Associatio n and a distinguished m ember o f th e California Bar.)
What is a Clients' Security Fundi A Client s' Sec urit y Fund is a fund vo luntarily established by th e legal profession for the purpose of reimbursing cli ent in th ose few cases in whi ch att o rn eys bet ray their tru st and m isa ppro priat e fund s. Th ese Fund s are fin anced by an nual co ntributio ns o r assessme nt s by the membership o f a given Ba r Associa l ion. Th ey are managed by co mmit tees which make th e determina ti o n o f whi ch losses are to be reimbursed, and in what am o unt, based upo n standard s set fo rth in th e Rul es gove rning the Fu nd . Beca use all reimburse ment s are
made as a matter of grace and no t a matt er o f right , th e fun ds are no t engaged in the bu sin ess of in suran ce. Th ese fund s d o no t cove r negligence of att o rn eys - a subj ~c t of erro rs and o mi ss io ns in suran ce and malpracti ce. In so me instan ces, th e fund s do no t cove r losses i ncurred by lawyers w hil e acting as execut o rs, admini strat o rs and fidu ciaries wh ere, in theory at least, a bo nd may exi st. In alm ost all of the Fund s in th e
Unit ed States, th ere are d o llar limit s o n the am o unt that may be paid to a single claimant and very often a do llar limit that may be paid to all o f th e c li ent s o f a single law yer. A ll o f these restrictio ns, o r limit s, are designed to assure that these em bryo nic fu nd s w ill not be ex hausted by large claim s i n th eir fir st few years o f exi stence. When and where did these Funds first come into ex istencel So mewhat to o ur surpri se, th ey d id no t start in the urban co mew Zealand wa s th e m unities. fi rst w ith a Sec urity Fund in 1929. ew So uth Q uee n sland and Wal es, Au stral ia, w ere next, th en fo ll o w ed Alb erta, Canada, Uni o n of So uth Afri ca, England, D enm a rk , Sco tl an d , Ire la nd and Sw eden. Perh aps o f greatest interest to us are the Fund s in Ca nada and England . The Law Soc iety's Fund in England wa s establi shed in 1942 and therefore has a lo ng eno ugh hi sto ry to gi ve us som e in sight into it s o perati o n. Verm o nt in 1959 w as th e fi rst in the U nited States and o ur fo rmat has large ly foll ow ed the Funds in Ca nada. Today, there are thirt y- five stat e fund s (co unting th e D istri ct o f Co lumbia as a state) and app ro ximately twenty-o ne local Bar Assoc iation Funds, ranging from very small to fairl y large, but all ded icated to the sam e basic purpose. Wh y do we believe that Clients' Security Funds are necessaryl (a) If w e in sist that it is in th e p ubli c's interest that we lawyers 186
co ntrol legal edu catio n and ad mi ss ion to the bar, and (b) If w e insist that it is in th e pub lic's interest that we lawyers hav e exc lusi ve co ntr o l o f disciplin e, including the d is barment o f lawyers, th en (c) Th e publ ic certa inly has th e right to ho ld us acco untabl e fo r the acti o ns o f th e members o f th e lega l profess ion that w e have se lected and li ce nsed; th e pub li c has, and will exercise, the right to require us to take all necessa ry steps to prot ec t cli ent s fro m th e d is ho nest acts of att o r ~eys . Yes, w e have accept ed the res po nsibility for di sc iplin e o f lawyers but di sc iplin e it se lf is not enough . To di sbar a lawyer who has sto len mo ney from a cl ient does not place the client in th e sa me posit io n he occ u pied before he placed his faith and his fund s in th e hand s of th e lawyer. The law yer may have bee n di scip lined but ye t he wa s inso lve nt o r deceased and un abl e to make restituti o n. It is al so a plain fa ct that th e threat o f di sbarm ent that w e have reli ed upon has not elim inated the crime of m isappro priatio n of cli ent s' fund s. Becau se the pub li c wa s not satisfied with th e impositi o n o f d isc ip lin e again st lawyers wh o had stolen fund s, the Cli ents' Sec urity Funds cam e into ex istence. Thu s, w e see that these ind emn ity fund s have co me into ex istence as an in-
tegral part of o ur di sci pl inary procedures. Th e fact that th e funds are a part of th e di sc iplinary process is im po rtant because: (1) som e clients
have not directed their complaint s to the Di sciplinar y Board s fo r fear that the disbarment o f the att o rn ey might remove all possibility o f restitution , and (2) Di sciplinary Boards, knowing o f the exi stence of a Clients' Sec urity Fund to make reimbursement, are less tempted to grant parole o n conditio n of restitutio n. To grant paro le to a law yer w ho ha s sto len is a ph i losophi ca l questio n, o ne whi ch cann ot be fully elabo rat ed here, but suffi cient to say - abse nt rehabilitatio n - it sho uldn 't be all owed. Up to now , th e publi c has allow ed us to manage o ur own affai rs but , if the pu b li c d ec ides th at we are not man aging o ur affa irs pro perl y, it is a forego ne co ncl usion that we wi ll be placed in the sam e pos itio n as other trades w hose affairs will be at least partia lly ad m in istered by lawm en. Lawyers under such ci rcum stan ces wo uld become the subjec t of an nual legi slat ive in q uiry, if not attack - so mething whi ch w e have been free o f th ese man y years. On e incident has already occurred whi ch co uld be the signal fo r others to fo llow. In Mic higan , in 1968, becau se of a new spaper campaign repo rt ing d eficiencies in the legal profession, these was a very seriou s pro posal to rem ove di sc iplinary proceedings from th e exclusi ve prov in ce of the lawye rs. As a res ult o f the " heat " generated by thi s cam paign, now th ere are tw o laymen o n Mic h igan 's 7-man Disci pl inary Boa rd. In Delaware, o ne legis lative co mm ittee recen tl y co nsi dered the relative meri ts of the Client s' Sec urity Fund vs. requ iring att o rneys to be bo nd ed . Chie f Ju stice M cla urin of the Provi nce of Alberta is frank to state th at A lb erta p ut it s C li ent s' Sec urity Fund int o effect because of apprehension that the so li cito rs m ight lose their excl usive ri ght to co ntrol t heir ow n affa irs. In thi s era of co nsumeri sm, it is not unl ikely that a Senato r Proxmire o r a Ralp h Nader might decide that th e deficiencies in ou r legal pro fessio n required new and d rast ic legislati o n to protect cl ients fro m dish o nest lawyers. If this sho uld happen, all o f us, th e
ho n es t as w e ll as th e few dishon est, w o uld be sw ept up together in th e sa me legislati ve package. Although we have o fttim es called the Clients' Sec urity Fund a debt o f honor, I trul y believe that the existing threat to o ur exclu sive self-governm ent makes a Clients' Sec urity Fund a necessary sup pl e m e nt to o ur ex i stin g di sciplinary procedures. What has been t he mai n opposition to t hese Fundsl Th ere have been three main po i nt s o f o pposi ti o n to the Fund s: (1) D ecent lawyers wh o are do ing a pro per jo b for their client s sho uld not have to dig into th eir pockets fo r the malfeasan ce of th e few who steal fro m their cli ent s. I bel ieve th e ex istence a t th e Fed eral Depos it In surance Co rpo rati o n di spels thi s illu sio n. All banks that w ish to be part of th e " system" mu st pay their share of the fees that co llectively guarantee the solven cy of all members of "th e system."
( 2 ) So m e b eli eve that th e creati o n of these Fund s is a frank admissio n that lawyers are th ieves and that it is bad publ ic relatio ns to make such an ad mi ssio n. Experience to date is the exact o pposite. We have not been kidding anyo ne. (3) Th ere is so me o ppos iti o n based upo n cos t. I need o nl y remind yo u o f the cost of t idelity bo nd s whi ch are th e probabl e alte rnat ive . In my st at e, th e minimum cost fo r a fidelity bo nd fo r an exec ut or is $20 a year, and at thi s mo ment I know of o nl y o ne assess ment to a Cli en ts' Sec urity Fund in the United States in the am o unt o f $20 per year, t he average bei ng muc h less . There will always be some w ho ho ld to th ese opi nions bu t, over th e years, opposi tion has tended to di sappea r as t he facts are exami ned close ly. With this background, let us examine more closely the status of the Clients' Security Funds in the United States. As of thi s tim e, there are 35 state fu nds i ncluding the Dist rict of Co lum b ia , and mo re t han 20 loca l bar assoc iat io n fun ds. Of these state fun ds, 18 ex ist in states th at have un ified o r int egrated ba rs, 187
that is to say, all lawyers mu st be members of th e associati o n. Thi s year, the Boards o f Go vernors of three additional states California, Kentu cky and Tennessee - have ad opted resolution s fo r the establi shm ent of fund s. Ke ntu cky and Te nnessee will act at their annual m eetings in Jun e. Califo rnia, my stat e, ha s studied Cli ent s' Sec urity Fund s sin ce 1959 and o nl y thi s year fin all y took acti o n and submitt ed neces sary enabling legi slati o n to th e State Legi slature. Thi s lo ng delay occurred despite the fact that the Los Angel es Co unt y Bar Associati o n, w ith approxi mately 10,000 att o rneys (o ne-th ird o f the Califo rn ia lawyers), ad o pted it s Fund in 1962. Yes, patien ce is required . The existing Fund s vary enormo usly in size becau se o f their age, the size o f the bar assoc iat io n, the am o unt of th e annual assessment o r co ntribut io n per member, and the restri cti o ns pla ce o n payments. Wh ereas in Can ada the assessment may am o unt to $25 to $50 per year per lawye r, in the United States the assess ment s range fro m a low o f $1 .00 per law yer per yea r to $2.00, $5.00 and up to $20 per year. Th e Law Society of Englan d, w ith alm ost 20 years' expe ri ence, has a current assessment o f ÂŁ 8 per lawyer, which w o rk s o ut to $1 9.20. Th e Fund s vary co nsid erabl y in the restrictio ns pl aced upo n th ei r co mmittees with respect to th e paym ent s. Fo r in st an ce, some Fund s limit the amo unt th at m ay be paid to a si ngle claiman t to $3,000 o r $5,000 with co mparabl e to p limits o n th e amo unt that m ay be paid o n acco unt o f th e losses suffered thro ugh the malfeasan ce of a single atto rn ey. Th ese socall ed " lim its o n payments" seem to so un d li ke the limits of liabi lity in in suran ce po li cies, b ut Cli ents' Sec urity Fu nd s are not insu rance po li cies. Each and every payment is a matter o f grace to be decid ed with in the sole di screti o n o f t he co mmittee in charge of the Fu nd . Fun ds al so vary wi th respect to cove rage o f fid ucia ries, w heth er the disho nest attorney is a mem be r o f th e assoc iat io n , and w hether d iscip li nary proceed ings Conti nued on page 188
Contl n ucd f rom pagc 18 7
have been finali zed . Th ese sl ep s are la ken 10 ass ure Ih e heallh y ex iSl ence of I he fund during Iheir initial year s and to make cert ain
Ihal Ihe fund s are n ol wip ed ou l by a " ngle la rge loss. Afl er all, Ih e Federal D epos il In surance Co rpo rat io n li mi ts it s guaran i c of a
single ban k acc oun l 10 $20,000. Wha t are th e p robabl e clai ms agai nst th e Fun d? U nfortu nately, our info rmatio n
o n I hi s aspeci o f I he mail er is very skel ch y du e 10 I he fa ci Ih al Ihere has been no cenlral reporl ing agency and Ihe in fo rma l ion Iha l ex islS in each o f Ihe more Ihan 50 i ur i sdi c li o n ~
has either no l been indexed uniform ly o r no t indexed
al all. Thi s lac k o f in forma l io n, w hi c h is I he single mo sl press ing pro bl em fa ced by Ih Commi ll ees in c harge o f Ih e Fu nd s, di c lales a po licy of cauli o u sness in I he managem enl o f Ihe Fund s. So me Fund s have yel 10 make a si ngl e paymenl from I heir fund s, o l hers h ave paid c lai m s agg rega lin g $50,000. In l olal, app ro ximal ely
$360,000 has bee n paid b y I he Fu nd s in I h e Unil ed Siai es . Howeve r, we ha ve no w ay o f know in g w h elh er I h e rejec l ed claim s w ere rejecl ed upo n Ih e gro un d o f being (1 ) cla ims ar ising from Ira nsacl io ns ol her Ihan Ihe prac l ice o f Ihe law, (2) cla ims Iha l cam e int o existence prior to the
adoplio n o f Fund s, o r (3) cla im s w h ic h fo r anyo ne o f a vari el y o f reaso ns mighl pro perl y be rejecl ed . Hence, slali sli cs o n rejec l ed cla ims l ell u s very lill ie. W e do have so me fig ures from whi ch I believe w e can d raw so me prelimi nary concl u sio n s. In Ca liforni a, in conneclion w ilh Ihe slu dy o f Cli enl s' Sec uril Y Fund s, Ih e di sc iplin ary reco rd s we re resea rc hed for Ihree years 10 del erm in e Ihe number o f all o rn eys invo lved in m isappro pr ialio n o f fund s, Ihe number of c1 ienl s, Ih e gross amo unl s invo lved in Ihe losses, Ihe reSl ilu l io ns mad e o n acc o unl o f Ihe losses, and Ih e nel losses. These figures showed Ih al in Ih e 3-yea r period , 1967 10 1969, in c lu sive, Ihere w ere 51 all o rn eys in -
vo lve d wi th 148 c lie nts, gross losses o f $94 2,000, restitu tio ns of $3 56 ,000 an d n e t l osses of $585,000. Red uced to a o ne ye ar average, we have 17 all o rn eys in vol ved , wi th 49 clien ts, gross losses o f $3 14,000, res tit ut io ns o f $118,000, an d ne t l o sses p e r ye ar o f $195 ,000. Wilh o ver 33,000 lawyers in Ca lifo rni a, I his w o rks o ul 10 a nel loss per lawyer p er annum of approx im al ely $6.00 Exa mining Ihe ind ividual claim s, w e find Ihal of I h e 148 cla ims, full res tit uti o n w as made in 22 cases .
Of Ihe remaining 126 losses, 105 or 80 per cen t o f I hese w ere und er $5,000. If we in cl ude th e losses un der $10,000, 92 per cent o f all losses were covered . On ly fo ur losses w ere over $20,000. Fro m Ihese figures, it wo ul d appear rea so nable to have a fund wh ic h co nlempl ates th e paymen l in full o f all cla ims und er $1 0,000, and parl ia l payment o f losses in excess of th at amo un t.
A no th er large slal e has prov ided us a repo rl for 18 mo nl hs, Jul y 1, 1965 10 December 31 , 1966. Thi s
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showed 29 attorn eys involved with 40 clients, with losses of $617,765 . Reduced to a o ne year average, we have 20 attorneys involved with 29 client s, with losses of $411 ,000. (Thi s figure does not includ e lo sses invo lved in cases where the attorney resig ned before di sc iplinary proceedings were co mpleted .) Assuming this figure to be net of restitut ions, with 55,000 lawyers in the state, it works out to a net lo ss per lawyer per annum of approximate ly $7.50. Again exa mining the losses, w e find t hat of th e 40 cli ents, 4 are marked with question mark s w hi ch indi ca te th e amo unt is unknown; of the 36 remai ning losses, it appears that 18, o r 50 per ce nt , are und er $5,000 and that by adding in the losses und er $10,000, we are covering 77 per ce nt of th e losses. Only 8 losses were over $10,000. Again , it would see m to be reaso nabl e to prov ide a plan th at would contemp lat e th e payment in fu ll of all cla ims under $10,000 with partia l payment of claims over $10,000. Th e statistics given to us by the
Continued on page 190
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FORT WORTH, TEXAS General State Agent fo r Arkansas BEACH ABSTRACT & TITLE COMPANY Telephone: FRankli n 6-3301 213 West Second Street
juri sdi c ti o n s repo rting to th e National Dta Bank. Thi s li st is d es ign e d t o ove rcome th e probl e m of a lawyer being disbarred in one state, an d th e seco nd state in w hi ch he is licensed being unaware of th e disba rment. Th e information in th e National Data Bank d oes not tell us what porti o n of the di sbarments and resignations are th e res u lt of misappropriation of clients' fund s, but , for o ur purposes, w e can assume all were th e result of misappropriations. From 1955 to 1970, inclusive, 15 years, th e t o ta l d i sba r m e nt s and res ignat io ns were 1,556, o r an average of 103 per yea r. With a total of approx imately 300/325,000 lawyers estimated to be prac ti cing in the United States, this m ea ns 1 out of 3,000 plu s lawyers are di sbarred o r res ign und er fi re. Wi t h the average of 17 lawyers disbarred o r resigning in Ca lifornia, we have lout o f 2,000; with th e average o f 17 so licitors disbarred in England per yea r, we have lout
Law Society of England may be com pared quite readily with th e figures I have just mentioned . For the fo ur years 1966 thro ugh 1969 incl usive, 60 so licit ors were invo lved in 724 claims aggregating $2,906,000. and th ei r com pensati o n fund paid $1,754,000. o n acco unt o f these claims . Redu ced to a o ne yea r average, we have 15 lawyers involved , with 182 c li e nt claims , totaling $726,000, and an average annual rei mburs e m e nt of c li e nt s of $438,000. If yo u divide $438,000 by th e numb er of so li c it ors in England and Wales, yo u come up with a figure of $17 per so li citor, w hi ch is alm ost exac tl y their annual assessment of ÂŁ 8 ($19.20) . Th e only other figures we have at this dat e which bear upo n o ur analysis of the mi sd eed s of attorneys are the di sbarm ents and res ignati o n s reported to th e Na tio nal Data Bank. The Na tional Data Bank, which has o nly been in existence sin ce 1968, co nsists of a li st of lawyers who are disbarred, su sp e nd e d or r esig n ed , di SC ip lin ed, which li st is se nt to all
licensed by the State I nvestigator licensing Board, Approved by the Arkansas State Police,
Little Rock, Arkansas
References of Prominent
Attorneys furnished upon request. Ten Years Experience.
Assets Over $19,000,000.00
AGENCIES IN 16 STATES
Fred M,ers Ronnie Rand Mel Fr,
Subject To State Supervision Everywhere. Member of American Land Title Association
Co ntinue(t from page 18 9
o f 1,500. Arkan sas repo rt ed an average of .6 lawyers disba rred o r re signing per year. W ith a l ota l bar 0 1 2.500, Ih is mean s, in theo ry, you ha ve one bad app le o ul of 4,000. As sketc hy as th ese figures may appear to be, th ey d o tell us two impo rtant th ings : (1) that the number o f at torn eys invo lved in mi sappropriations is relati vely few , and (2) th e largest part of th ese losses fa ll und er $5 ,000 o r $10,000. Th ese client s are th e members o f Ih e publi c that need o ur help th e most. Wi ll t hi s di spla y o f dirty linen rea lly harm our public relati on s? In A rizona, Florida and Massachu setl s, where publicit y has been given to th e reimburse ment of c lient s' losses, th e publi c ity has bee n good . In England , w here th eir Fund ha s been in ex istence si n ce 1942, they report uniformly excellent publi c relati o ns fro m th e handling o f th eir Fund . What possibl y is in sto re fo r th e future? First , it appears th at th e fund s have res po nded to th e c hall enge and ha ve, w ith th e exce pl io n of o nly o ne state, gone forward wi th Ihe end o b jectiv e of eve r in creasi ng their ability to meet th e losses o f c li ents in full. Second, w e will ac hieve a mo re uni fo rm definiti o n o f reimbu rsa bl e c laim s. Thi s will come about by in terc hange of info rmati on and experi ence among the variou s Fund s. The d ist in c t ion betw ee n a lawye r's dut y as a lawyer and a lawyer's dut y w hile acti ng as a fidu cia ry is a fine line that we lawyers draw b ut w hic h o ur cli ent s are not apt to agree w ith . Acco rdingl y, many Fund s are ex pec ted 10 am end th eir rul es to permil reimbur se ment o f cli ent s wh ose losses have occ urred w hen th e atl orn ey wa s actin g o ut side of th e atl o rn ey/c lien t relati o n ship . W hat abo ut fee d isput es? A cla im was recently filed again t th e Los Angeles Clie nt s' Sec urit y Fund by a c li ent w ho had paid a reta iner of $7,500 in co nn ecti o n wi lh a di vorce. Th e sco pe of Ih e ia wyer's t ru e work is best ev id enced by the fact that th e oppos ing atlorney received a co urt fix ed fee of $450.
Eventuall y, an arbirtatio n co mm it tee o rd ered th e return to the client of $7,100. Today, yea rs later, thi s sum remain s unpaid despite a co urt judgment. From th e cli ent 's viewpo inl , thi s exo rbitant fee wa s plain stea ling. Sho uld we call it a fee di sput e? Is it a proper claim against a Sec urity Fund ? I think it IS .
England 's Fund is th e broades t in language. Th e part y eligib le to make a claim agai n st th e Fund is ca ll ed " a lose r. " Their definition o f " lo se r" covers (1) a person w ho ha s su stain ed a loss in co nsequence o f th e di sho n esty o n th e party o f a so lici tor o r clerk o r servant o f a so lic it o r, and (2) a perso n w h o has su ffe red a hard ship o r is lik ely to suffer a hard ship in co nsequence of th e failure of a so li c it o r to acco unt for th e mo ney du e. Thi s is a mu c h broader defini tio n than pure mi sa ppropriali o n. In th e Fall o f 1970, th e Ameri ca n Bar As socia ti o n Commi tl ee o n Cli ent s' Securit y Fund s prepared a " Model Plan" w hi ch sets fo rth th e va ri o us alt ern ati ves adopt ed by va ri o us ex ist ing Cli ent s' Sec urit y Fund s, with annotations. Co pi es may be o blain ed b y wr iting ABA Headquart ers in Chicago. Third, is th ere a possibil ity o f a nat io nal fund w hi c h, b y its very size and unifo rmit y o f adm inistra tio n, would pro babl y do th e most to achieve th e end ob jec ti ve o f covering all cli ent losses? Becau se we have di sc ipline in eac h o f the 50 stat es, and beca use reimbur sement o f losses is c lose ly tied to di sc iplin e, I am afraid thi s mu st wa it for th e future. However, Ihe Report of th e A BA Comm itl ee chairmanned by Ju stice To m Clark whic h prep ared a complete analysis of di sci pline in th e 50 states, and Ih e A BA Commitlee appo int ed 10 carryon th e work of the Clark Co mm ittee, may d o mu c h to bring about great er unif o rmit y in disciplinary proced ures and , in turn , bring grea ter unifo rmit y to Cli ent s' Security Fund s. It seem s possible th at so me va ri ety of nat ional , A BA sponso re d , " re in suran ce" of catastrop hi c losses can be made ava ilab le. Fourth, it is ev ident th at the di sho nesty of attorneys most o ft en
arises from Ih eir hand ling of cl ients' m o ney. If th ey didn 't handle ot her peop le's money, t he c han ces of mi sa ppr o priati o n wo uld be ve ry slim . Acco rdin gly, o ur Canadian and Engli sh fri end s have req ui red that so li c itors w ho handle fund s mu st an nuall y, at th eir ov 'n expe nse, have a publ ic acco untant in spec t th eir boo ks and ce rt ify th e co rrectn ess thereof, as a co ndit io n o f ren ewa l of their annua l li cense. All of u s wou ld rath er have rul es wh ic h wou ld sec ure u s again st th e di shon esty of o ur fe ll ow lawyers rather than sp end o ur tim e on disciplinary proceedin gs . One suc h rul e w o ul d be to require audit report s. It may beco me necessa ry. In conclu sion 1. A Clients' Sec urity Fund is not just a c haritabl e o r eleemosy nary ac t; it is a step tak en to assure o ur co ntinu ed se lf governan ce of o ur -. ofession . , The number and amount of losses are small Lu mpared to the total number of lawyers and th e funds they handl e. The actual per lawyer cos t of reimb ursing client s for th eir losses is sm all. 3. If w e assume thi s respo n sibility, th e pub lic will gain greater assurance in dea ling with u s, and hopefully o ur image may gai n so me of th e lu ster that we wo ul d like it to have .â€˘
5805 Kavanaugh Little Rock 663-9956 6 120 Baseline Rd. Little Rock 565Âˇ9729
5922 So. University Little Rock 565Âˇ9943
HALF" Governor Dale Bumpers (Editor's Co mment Govern o r Dale Bumpers wa s th e after-dinner speaker for the Annual Banquet o n June 3, 1971 at th e Arkansa s Bar A ss ociation 's 7 3 rd Annual Meeting. Fo llo wing his " fir st half humorou s, seco nd half serio us" format, Go vern o r Bumpers was most effec tive o n both counts. We are p leased to present here th e "Seriou s Ha lf. "J
As a long standing member o f thi s bar assoc iatio n and as a rece ntly elected governor wh o has ju st survived hi s fir st legis lati ve sess io n, I w o uld like to make a few co mment s to yo u regarding so me o bservatio n s whi c h I was in an ad vantageo u s p osi t io n to make abo ut t he w ay o ur bar assoc iati o n may materially ass ist in th e fun cti o n s o f o ur stat e gove rnm ent. What I w ish to urge o n yo u t oday, is th at yo u hen ce forth take a muc h mo re ac ti ve and offi c ial ro le in rev iewin g t he pro p osed pieces of legi slati o n whil e the legislature is st ill in sessio n. I am
sess ion . An y m emb er o f th e Ge neral Asse mbl y w ill tell yo u th at it's alm ost, if not entirely, i mposs ible eve n fo r th em to full y co mprehend th e vari o us imp licati o ns o f all pieces o f legislati o n whic h th ey co n sid er day in and day out. I ca n tell yo u fro m m y bri ef experi ence sitting in th e gove rn o r's c hair that with o ut th e abl e ass istan ce o f m y o wn staff, m ost notabl y Brad Jesso n, that I w o uld have been un abl e to make a learn ed judgm ent upo n all but a fracti o n o f man y measures w hi c h cam e to m y desk fo r m y signature. po int is that beca use o f thi s hec tic ru sh it is poss ibl e th at seve ral bill s w hi c h effect thi s bar and it s members may n ot be give n th e full and ad equate co n siderati o n whic h they dese rve. A b se nt thi s attention , many a good bill might we ll fai l many less th an good bill s might inad ve rt ent ly pass and beco me law. I was pa rt ic ularl y di stressed durin g thi s pas t sess io n to be suddenl y co nfro nted wi th several pro posed ac ts w hi c h quite
sure th at ma ny of yo u have had
d rast ica ll y amended o ur p rese nt
the ex peri ence o f represe nting c li ent s w ho called yo u fo ll ow ing th e adj o urnm ent o f a sessio n o f th e genera l asse mb ly saying, " Loo k w hat th ey've done to me. W hy didn' t yo u tell me t he bill had bee n introduced and stood a chance o f actu all y being passed. I had no id ea w hat w as go ing o n and no w th ey have ruined me." W e all know that it is extremely diffic ult to keep up with all th e va ri o us matte rs whi ch are in tro du ced and are co n sid ered by th e General Asse mbl y wh en it is in
corpo rat e code. With o ut th e ass istan ce of D ean Barnh art and seve ral o th er la wye rs w h o I managed to ca ll in o n a mo ment's no ti ce, it wo uld have been im poss ible in th e tim e all owed to full y apprec iate th e va ri o us im plica ti o ns o f th ese rath er co mplica ted pro posed c hanges. Th e po int is th at th ese bill s sho ul d have neve r reac h ed m y d esk with o ut th e m embers o f th e General Asse mbly being likewi se give n a mem o randum by members of thi s bar assoc iatio n relati ve to
th eir va ri o u s effect s upo n o ur present co rpo rat e code. Th e sa me ob se rva t io n s may be made abo ut the tw o (2) Bail Refor m Ac ts whi c h we re co nsidered b y t he Gene ral Asse mbly. In m y judgm ent , b oth of th ese bill s we re good , but o ne failed whil e th e o th er pa ssed and w ith mo re effo rt and support fro m thi s bar, th e mo re far-reac hing act . . . thi s is, th e o n e that fail ed to pass ... might have passed an d th e b ar at large and th e crimin al ju st ice system in th e stat e wo uld have benefitt ed . I do n't w ish to belabo r the po int , but I wa nt to reca ll to yo u th at o ne o f th e most farreac hing and to m y mi nd , hum ane and overdu e, pi eces of legi slati o n fa il ed to be g iven th e co n si deratio n w hi c h it needed to ass u re passage dur ing thi s past leg islati ve sessio n and thu s met w ith th e igno mini o u s fa te of di eing o n the ca lendar. I re fer to th e Publi c Defend er Bill w hi c h i f passed wo uld not have cos t the state a ni ckel and wo uld have given us a pilo t program in th e n orth east part o f t he state and w hi c h wo ul d begin benefitting a lo ng sh o rtc hanged segm ent o f o u r soc iety. Thi s Publi c Defend er Bill dese rved better th an to die o n the ca lendar . U nfortun ately, it was littl e und erstood and w ith o ut a stro ng bar assoc iati o n to supp o rt it , it w ithered away durin g th e last days o f th e sess io n and n ever cam e up to a final meaningful vote. A nd, th erefo re, I have co me to day to ask th at thi s bar assoc iati o n hencefo rth beco me m o re Continued on page 192
In Memoriam JUDGE JOSEPH WESLEY MORRISON (1890-1971). One of the lega l patriarch s of the Gra nd Prairi e Ri ce County passed away A ugust 1, 1971. Judge Morriso n (known to hi s friends as " Joe") co ll apsed whi le teac hing the Men's Bible Class at th e First Ch ri st ian Ch urc h (a ch ri sti an service he had perform ed since 1925) and expired shortl y after being ca rri ed to th e Memoria l Hospital. Joe was born in Indiana and moved to Stuttgart wi th hi s parents in 1904. He at tend ed th e Stuttgart public sc hool s; Hendrix Academy; T ran sylvan ia Co ll ege at Lexington , Kentucky; and received his law degree from th e University of Ken tucky, comp leting two years of legal st ud y in one. The University of Kentucky awa rd ed him a Dr. of Juri sprudence degree. After passing the bar exam he opened a law office w h ich he maintained in his home c it y until his appointment as 4th District Chancery & Probate Judge in January 1957. He served as the elected Chancellor of th e 1st Division of the 4th District from 1960 until his death. Joe's military se rvice began as a member of the 2nd Arkansas Na ti ona l Guard upon the o utbreak of the Mexican Border fracas prior to WWI. He was commissioned an infantry officer from the First Officers Training Camp at Fort Logan H. Roots and went to France with the 154th Infantry , 39 th Division. After the Armist ice he served with the Judge Advocate Gene ral 's Dept. in France and was discharged as a Captai n at Ft. Lee, Va. in 1919. The Judge immediately became active in American
Legion affai rs and was a c harter member and first comman der of Daniel Hard er Post 48 at St uttgart . He served as command er of th e A rkan sas Dept. o f the Ameri ca n Legion which he helped found in 1924-25. Joe was also active in ational Legion affairs where he se rved as a member of th e area "C" Child Welfa re Comm iss ion, as an Executive Comm itteema n and on numerous other committees. A lifelong Democrat, Joe served as City Attorney 12 yea rs and on th e state Pub lic Serv ice Commission during 1943-44 . In an unsuccessful ra ce for U.s. Congress in 1938 he advocated the " drafting of do ll ars as well as men and boys." Thro ughout hi s long and fruitful life, Jud ge Morrison energetically served his church, th e Disciples of Christ nati o nall y and locally wi th devotion and sin cerit y. During h is religious studi es he chanced to find a book with which he did not agree on the Ten Commandments. This prompted him to publish a trea ti se entiled "Pure Waters from Old Wells". The Judge was active in Masonic activities, as a 32nd degree Mason, a Shriner, a former Master of Euclid Lodge No. 130 and a member of the Ta ll Cedars of Lebanon . He was a charter member and fir st preSident of the Stuttgart Rotary Club . Professionally he belonged to the Arkansas Judicial Council, Arkansas, American and Rice Belt (having served it 4 terms as preSident) Bar Associations. Surv ivors are his widow , Mrs. Anna Vickers Morrison , a daughter, a stepdaughter, a stepson, a sister and 8 grandchildren.
FALL LEGAL INSTITUTE
September 17, 18, 1971 Sheraton Motor Inn Little Rock, Arkan sas
STANDARDS WORKSHOP II
October 7, 8, 1971 Arlington Hotel Hot Springs, Arkansas
LEGAL SECRETARIES' SEMINAR
October 9,1971 Coachman's Inn Little Rock, Arkansas
TENTH TAX tNSTITUTE (with CPA's)
November 11, 12, 1971 Arlington Hotel Hot Spr ings, Arkan sas
The "Serious Half" Continued from page 191
concerned and more immediately involved in the l egislative processes. I suggest that a committee be formed , not to lobby for or against legi slation , but rath er to assist the General Assembly in its consideration of va rious bi ll s effecting the bar which might appear before it. I know it would be impossible for this committee to hold itself out to represent all members of this bar association in advocat ing the passage or defeat of any given bill. This would be an impossible task for any committee representing this bar to assume and I am here, however, to ask that this bar do form a committee of learned and concerned individuals who would be in a position to advise the General Assembly on short notice in memo form of the various implications of different pieces of legislation which the General Assembly may cons ider.
Weare delighted to participate III
this salute to Governor Dale Bumpers
Mullen Abstract Co.
Ouachita County Abstract Co.
119 S. W . 2nd SI. Walnut Ridge, Arkansas
Court House Camden , Arkansas
Hornor-Morris Abstract Co.
White -Abstract and Realty Co., In c. Newport, Arkansas
711 Walnut Helena, Arkansas
Bromstad Abstractors &
Heart-of-The Ozark -Realty
Faulkner-County Abstract Co.
Eureka Springs, Arkansas
Tucker Abstract Co. Bentonville, Arkansas
Marion County Abstract Co. Yell vil le, Arkansas
Standard Abstract & Title Co.
310 Spring little Rock, Arkansas
105 Main Russellville, Arkansas
Little Rock Abstract Co. 214 Louisiana little Rock, Arkansas
Crittenden-Abstract & Title Co. Guaranty-Abstract Company Fidelity-National Bank-Bilding West Memphis, Arkansas
Ott land Title Co. Ott Building Conway, Arkansas
I . Startin g abo ut D ecem ber I , we will expect to start ho ldin g regio nal wo rkshops programs co nsistin g of d ock et co ntro l, a film and cassettes prepared by Am erican Bar A ssociatio n, and co verin g oth er topics of interest to th e Bar. We wo uld lik e to ha ve th e vario us Bar A ssociatio ns co ntact us bo th with refer en ce to to pics th ey wo uld d esire to have covered and tim es when th ey wo uld prefer to ha ve th e wo rksho ps set. Th e wo rksho p can probably be an y wh ere fro m t wo ho urs to o n e-half day. I will plan to attend th e So uth ern States E co no mics Wo rksho p o n November 6 and it is possible that we will th en be a ware of material which might be mo re interestin g, as I will exp ect to participate in th e wo rkshop gro up fo r d evelo pm ent of mode l eco nomics program s of o n e-half da y fo r small Bars. 2. We wo uld greatly appreciate any reco mm endatio ns for program s fo r L egal Eco nomics Co mmittee becau se even tho se that we are unable to wo rk o n this year may be a vaila ble fo r th e info rmatio n of th e co mmittee in th e f uture. 3. We are interested in an y la wyer fo rwardin g to us an y suggestio n, fo rm , o r procedure which he fo llows o r of which h e is aware that he thinks might be of ben efit to atto rn eys in rend erin g better, mo re efficient and mo re eco no mical legal services. 4. Considerable interest is indicated in lega l eco nom ics sur veys, an d we wo uld greatly appreciate an y suggestio ns or reco m mendatio ns with referen ce to material to include in an y such sur vey, o r preliminary wo rk toward a survey. We do have th e Mississippi State Su rvey, and can get material f ro m o th er so urces, but fee l that if local la wyers ha ve particular areas they fee l wo uld ben efi cial in explo rin g, we wo uld like to have th e info rmation and consider it. 5. Our co mmittee expects to have available fo r presentatio n to th e Executi ve Co mmittee proposed chan ges to a large po rtio n of th e present min imum fee schedule by the mid-year Associatio n m eetin g in Jan uary, and if anyo ne has an y reco mm endatio n o r reco mmendatio ns with ref eren ce to changes to th e fee sch edule, we do invite th eir commun icating th em to us. Fin es F. Batchelo r, Jr. Chairman, Econo mics of Law Pran tice Comm ittee
Arkansas Bar Association Directory 1971 - 1972 Contents Officers Executive Cornmi llee. Delegale 10 A.B.A. Sla ff. ........ . Associa ti on Presidents Si nce 1899 ..... Councils Co un cil of Pa st Pre sid e nt s .. legal Educa tion Council
196 .. 1% 196
197 .. 197
Sec tions Conference o f l ocal Bar Associa ti ons. Criminal law Seclio n .. Famil y La w Sec ti on ....... .
Mineral law Section .
D es k Boo k Comm itt ee ... 202 Di SCiplinary Pr oce dur e~ Commi tt ee .. . .......... 202 Economics of law Practice Commill ee . ... 202 Environmental law Comm ill ee . .. .. . . .. 202 federal l egisla ti on and Pr oce durl's Com mittee ... . 203 Group In suran ce Plan s Committee ....... 203 Int erna tional l aw Committ ee . . . 203 Intern ship Co mmittee . . .. 203 Judicial Co un cil llal"o n Committ ee . ... 203 Ju dic ial Nom in ation~ Co mmill ee ..... . .. . . . ... 203 Law D ay Com mitt ee ... . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . ... 203 Law Sc hoo l Co mmittee ..... ............ . ........ . 20 3 Law Student Liaison Co mmitt ee .................. 203 law yer Refer ral Se rvice omm ill ee ............ . .. 203 Malprac tice Panel Co mmill ee . . . . . . . . ... . . 204 Maritime la w Co mmill ee . . . . . . . . . . ... . .. 204 Membersh ip Committee .. . 204 . 204 ew Hea dquart e rs Com m ill ee ......... . Pre - law AdV isors Com mitte e . . .............. . . 204 ...... 204 Probat e law Committ ee ... . 204 Public Information Comm itt ee. Real Eslat e law Com mill ee . .... 205 Retirement Pla n (Keough) Commill ee . ... ... ..... 205 Standard s for the Administration o f Criminal /u o;tl ce Com mill ee .. . 205 U niform law s Co mmitt ee . ....................... 205
.. 199 路 .. 199 199
Savings and Loan Section ... Taxati o n, Tru st and Estale Planning Sec tion 199 Yo ung lawyers Sec ti on ....... ... . ........ 199
law St uden t Divisio n .
Standing Commi tt ees Juri sprud enc e and l aw Reform . ............. 200 legisla tion .. ........... . .. 200 Professional Ethic s and Grievance s .. ... 200 . 200 Unaut horized Practi ce of law .
Perman e nt Co mmittees Audi tin g.
.. .. .. ......... 200 200 200 200 200
Legal Aid . . . . . . . . .. .. . .... Me morial . . . .. . . . .. . . . ...... .. . .. News Media liai so n. . . . ................. Reso lut ions ...
Arkansas Bar Foundati o n Officers and Dir ec to rs
Specia l Commill ees Annual Mee ting Committee . . ............... . .. 201 Award of M erit Committee. 路 .. 201 Bail Re form Committee 201 Civil Procedures Commi tt ee . . ...... . 201 201 Claims Review Committee . ............. . Clien ts Sec urit y fund Committee .. . . . ... . ... 201 Compu terized legal Research Commillee .. 201 Cons tituti on and By - law s Commi tt ee . 路 .. 201 Con tituti onal Refo rm Com mitt ee. . 202 Credi tor's Right s Committee . . 202 D e fense o f Crim ina l Indigents Committee .. . 202
Committ ees Awards . Bu ilding . Memorials . Electio n o f Fell ows Finance . .
Local Bar Associations and Officers
206 . 206 206 .. ........ 206 ... 206
Arkansas Bar Association Arkansas Bar Center-FR 5-4605 408 Donaghey Building, Little Rock, Arkansas, 72201
Executive Committee 1971·1972 Pres ide nl. .
. . ..... . .. Paul B. Yo ung
Arkan sas Bar Associ at io n
P. O . Box 780B Pin e Bluff, A rk . 7160 1 (53 4-5532 )
Vi ce - Presid e nt . . . . . ........... . . .. ........ H e nry W oo d s
Arkan sas Bar Assoc iat io n
711 W e t Third Stree t
lillie Roc k, Ark ansas 72201 (376-3021 ) Secre tary- Tr ea sur er
...... Rob ert O . Ross
Ark ansas Bar Associat io n
41 0 Spring Bui ldi n g little Roc k , A rkan sas 72201
(375-9947) C hairm an, Exec u tive Co mm i tt ee . . .. Jam es E. W es t Arkan sas Bar A ssoc iatio n M e rc hant s N atio na l Bank Bldg.
For t Sm it h , A rkan sas 7290·t (783-6181 ) James 8 . Bl air
Ph i llip Carro ll 720 W est Third Stree t, l ill ie Roc k, Ark . 72201 (375 -9131 )
Pr esid ent . ... . .. .. . Co nfe ren ce of Lo cal Bar Associa ti o ns
11 1 Ho lco mb, Spr ingd ale, Ark . 727 64
(751 -57 68)
lam es B. Sh arp
John G . Lil e III, C hairm an ....... Young law ye rs Sec ti on P. O. Box 8201. Pin e Bluff, Ark . 71 601 (53 4-5221)
Bank of Brink ley Bldg., Brinkley, A rk . 72021 (73 4-4060)
Step he n A. Mallh e w s C h airm an .
N . D ale Pri c e . A rkan sas Bar Fo undati o n
P. O . Box 7808, Pi ne Bluff, Ark . 71601
21 t Sp ring Stree t, lillie Roc k, A rk . 722 01
(53 4-5532 )
(3 72 -4144) l ynn F. Wa d e
lo uis l. Ram say, Jr . .. .. De lega te to A m erica n Bar Ass' n.
20 East Center Stree t, Faye llevi lle, Ark . 72701
1109 Simmons Nat ' l. Ba nk Bldg.• Pine Bluff, Ark. 71601 (534 522 1 )
(52 1-1 411) Jo hn W . Mann
C. D e a co n . ..... . .. . .. . ..... Imm e di a te Past Pres id e nt
P. O . Bo x 1245, j o n esb o ro , Ar k. 72 401
P. O . Box 390. Fo rrest Ci ty, Ark. 72335
Judicial Council Liaison Preside nt· El ec t, Stat e Judici al Co un ci l,
Jud ge Pau l Wo lfe, Pr esid ent State Judi Ci al Co un ci l, 2112
Jud ge Terry Sh ell ,
Va lley l ane, For t Smith, Ar ka nsas 72901 ( 782 -1419)
P. O . Box 1426, l o n es b o ro, Ark an sas 72 401 (932-165 5)
C. R. H ui e, Exec uti ve Se cr e ta ry State Judi ci al Co un cil, lusti ce Buildin g, little Rock, Arkan sa s 72 201 (3 75-7001)
Arkansas Bar Association Staff C. E. Ra nsick
Executive Director Assistant Membership Secretary
Judith Gray Barbara Ghormley
Arkansas Bar Association Presidents Since Organization ' u. M .
Rose ' He nry C. Caldwell ' Sterling R. Cockrill ' Thomas B. Martin ' George B. Rose ' James F. Reed ' Allen Huges ' Jose ph M. Stray ton ' Joseph W. House ' William H. Arnold ' Jo hn M. Moore ' N. W. Norton oW. V. Tompkins ' Ashley Cockrill ' James D. Shaver ' Charles T. Coleman ' Jacob Trieber ' Ira D. O glesby 'C harles C. Reid ' Thomas C. McRae ' J. H. Ca rmic hael ' William H. Martin oW. F. Coleman ' J. F_ Loughboro ugh ' J. V. Walker 'c. E. Daggett 路S. H. Mann ' George B. Pugh ' T. J. Gaughan 路 W. T. Wooldridge ' J. Merrick Moore ' T. D. Wynn e ' T. C. Trimble, Jr. ' Harry P. Dailey ' George A. McConn e ll ' Paul Jones ' Robert E. Wile y
Littl e Rock, Ark. Littl e Rock, Ark. Little Ro ck, Ark . Little Ro ck, Ark. Little Rock, Ark Fort Smit h, Ark. Memph is, Tenn. Newpo rt , Ark. Little Rock, Ark. Texa rkana, Ark. Little Rock, Ark. Forrest City, Ark . Prescott, Ark . Little Rock, Ark . Texarkana, Ark . Litt le Rock, Ark. Litt le Rock, Ark. Fort Smit h, Ark. Little Rock, Ark. Prescott, Ark. Littl e Rock, Ark. Hot Springs, Ark. ,Pine Bluff, Ark . Littl e Rock, Ark. Fayettevill e, Ark . Marianna, Ark . Fo rrest City, Ark . Little Rock, Ark. Camde n, Ark . Pine Bluff, Ark. Littl e Ro c k, Ark. Fordyce, Ark . Lonoke, Ark . Fort Smith, Ark . Little Rock, Ark. Texarkana, Ark. Little Ro c k, Ark.
' Ca lvi n T. Cotham ' J. F. Gautney ' Walter G. Riddick ' Abe Collins ' Harvey T. Harri son N. J. Gantt, Jr. ' Henry Moore, Jr. ' E. H. Wootton Joe C. Barrett ' E. A. Henry Lamar Williamson ' Max B. Reid oW. W. Sharp Archie House ' Cecil R. Warner ' John H. Lookado o Terrell Marshall ' A. F. Triplett J. l. Shave r ' J. M. Smallwood 'Shields Goodwin Eugene A. Matthews Edward l. Wright John A. Fogleman Willis B. Smith Will S. Mitchell Heartsill Ragon Oscar Fendler Louis l. Ramsay, Jr. Bruce T. Bullion Courtney C. Cro u ch Maurice Cathey William S. Arnold J. Gaston Williamson Robert l. Jones, Jr. J. c. Deacon
189919001900-01 1901-02 1902-03 1903-04 1904-05 1905-06 1906-07 1907-08 1908-09 1909-10 1910-11 1911 -12 1912-13 1913-14 1914-15 1915-16 1916-17 1917-18 1918-19 1919-20 1920-21 1921-22 1922-23 1923-24 1924-25 1925-26 1926-27 1927-28 1928-29 1929-30 1930-31 1931 -32 1932-33 1933-34 1934-35
Hot Sp rings, Ark. Jo nesboro, Ark . Little Rock, Ark . DeQueen , Ark . Litt le Rock, Ark . Pine Bluff, Ark. Texarkana, Ark . Hot Springs, Ark. Jonesbo ro , Ark. Littl e Rock, Ark. Monticello, Ark. Blytheville, Ark . Brin kley, Ark. Littl e Rock, Ark. Fort Smith , Ark. Arkad elp hia, Ark. Little Rock, Ark. Pine Bluff, Ark . Wynne, Ark . Russe llville, Ark . Littl e Rock, Ark. Hot Spri ngs, Ark. Little Rock, Ark. West Memp hi s, Ark. Texarkana, Ark . Little Rock, Ark . Fort Smith , Ark. Blytheville, Ark . Pine Bluff, Ark . Little Rock , Ark . Sp ringda le, Ark. Paragould , Ark. Crossett, Ark. Little Rock, Ark. Fort Smith , Ark. Jonesboro , Ark.
1935-36 1936-37 1937-38 1938-39 1939-40 1940-41 1941 -42 1942-43 1943-44 1944-45 1945-46 1946-47 1947-48 1948-49 1949-50 1950-51 1951 -52 1952-53 1953-54 1954-55 1955-56 1956-57 1957-58 1958-59 1959-60 1960-61 1961 -62 1962-63 1963-64 1964-65 1965-66 1966-67 1967-68 1968-69 1969-70 1970-71
Councils Legal Education Council
Council Of Past Presidents CHAIRMAN : J. Gaston Williamso n
Ric h a rd A. W illi a m s,
Ch ai rm a n Ma rlin C . G ilb e rt,
Lilli e Rock
Vice-C hairm a n
1973 1972 1972 1973 1973 1974 1974 1974
Pin e Blu ff Lak e V illage Faye tt evill e Mo nt icell o Warren Ru sse ll ville EI D o rad o litt le Roc k
O hm e r C. Burns id e, Jr. W ill ia m Putm an Willi a m K. Ba ll
Murray Cla yco m b Ike All e n la ws Ri c h a rd H . Ma ys
G le nn W. Jo nes, Jr.
Ex -Offi ci o D ea n Ralph Ba rnhart, D e an o f Uni ve rsi ty o f Ark a nsa s law Sc ho o l Pro f. Robert Br oc kmann , Dir ec tor , Continuing l egal Edu ca tion Jam es Blair, President , Con fer ence o f l ocal Bar Assoc iation s
N. J. Gantt, Jr. Joe C. Barre tt l amar Will iamson A. F. House Terre ll Marshall J. l. Shave r Euge n e A. Matthews Edward l. Wrigh t John A. Fogleman Will is B. Smith W. S. Mitchell Heartsill Ragon Oscar Fendler louis l. Ramsa y, Jr. Bruce T. Bullion Courtney C. Crouch Maurice Cathey William S. Arnold J. Gaston Williamson Robert l. Jones, Jr. J. C. Deacon
Pin e Bluff Jonesboro Monticell o Littl e Rock Littl e Rock Wynne Hot Springs Li ttl e Rock West Memphis Texarkana Li ttl e Rock Fort Smith Blyt heville Pine Blu ff Litt le Rock Springdale Pa rago ul d Crossett Litt le Rock Fo rt Sm ith Jonesboro
1940-41 1943-44 1945-46 1948-49 1951-52 1953-54 1956-57 1957 -58 1958-59 1959-60 1960-61 1961-62 1962-63 1963-64 1964-65 1965-66 1966-67 1967-68 1968-69 1969-70 1970-71
Sections Conference Of Local Bar Associations Presid e nt .
Sec re ta ry ...... .
Vice- Pres id e nt ....... . (Northea st Di stri c t)
Vi ce Presid e nt (So u t heast Di s!ric !)
. Jam es B. Blair 111 H olcomb Springdale , Arkansa s . John Lin eberger P. O . Bo x 41 28 Faye tteville , Arkan sa s . . . . ........ Ri c ha rd H atfield 330 Broadway W es t M e rnphis, Arkan sa s
Criminal Law Section C hairman ..
. Thomas S. Streetman P. O . Drawer" A"
Vi ce -Ch ai rm a n .... .. . .
Crossett , Arkan sas Vi ce- Pres id e nt . (Southwe st Di stri c t)
. . John S. Stro ud, Jr. 6 Stat e lin e Pla za
Sec retar y ...... .. .. .
Vi ce -Pre sid e n t. ..... . ........................ Lynn Wa d e 20 Ea s t Ce nter (N o rthw es t Di st ric t ) Fa yett evill e, A rkan sas
Vice- Pr es id e nt .. (Ce ntral)
. ... M ahl o n G . G ib,o n 1949 Yat es Ave nue Fa ye tt evi lle, A rkan sas 72701 . ..... Haro ld Hall Three Hundred Spring Building lilli e Roc k, Arkan sa s 7 2201
.. Eu ge n e A. Matth e w s, Jr. Arkan sas N ation al Bank Building Ho I Spr ings, A rkan sas 71 901
. Darrell Dover
Past Ch a irman
1550 Tow er Buildin g lilli e Roc k, Arka n sa s
. . ... Edwin R. Be lhun e, Jr. P. O . Box 36 Sear cy, Arkan sas 7214 3
Taxation, Trust And Esta te Plann ing Section Viee路 Chair man ...... . ... ................ Rober. H o lmes P. O . Box 7808 Pin e Bluff, Arka n sas 71601
................. Jo hn Se l ig
Chairman .. ......... .
Tru st D epartm ent Wo rth en Bank
litll e Rock , Arkan sas 72201
..... John L. Jo hn son
Secre tary . . .
2050 WO rlh en Bank Little Ro ck, Arkansas 72201
Directors Li ttl e Pin e li tt le li ttl e litt le
Jo hn Se l ig Robert H olm es Jo hn l. Jo hn so n G le nn W. lo nes, Jr. H . T. Larze le re, Jr.
Family law Section Chairm an .............. .
Rock Bluff Rock Rock Rock
Mineral law Section .... Jose ph F. Aik in s, Jr. P. O. Box 263 lewi sv ill e, Arkansas 71854
Chairman ............... .
. . . . Willi am H . Sc hul ze 201 1/2 We st Main Str ee t Ru ssellville, Ark . 72801
Savings And loan Section Cha irman ..... . .... . . . .... .. ....... Charl es Yi ngli ng, Jr. 407 W est Arc h
Sea rcy, Arkansa s 721 43
Young lawyers Section Chairman . .... . . . , ..... . ... .
....... Jo h n G . Lil e, III P. O . Box 8201 Pin e Bluff, Arka n sas 71601
DIRECTORS Jo hn Selig Rober t Fu ssell Bi ll Brid gforlh Ri chard Sm ith Roger G lasgow Eri c Bi shop James M cLart y Bill W il son Keith Arm an
Vi ce-C hairm an ...................... Ri chard F. Hat field 330 Broadway West Memphis, Arkan sas 723 01 Se cretary . ......... .
. ... John S. Choate 312 louisiana lillie Rock, Ar kan sas 722 01
law Student Division Co路 Chairman ................ , Jim Spears, Vice- Presi dent Stu den t Bar Association -University o f Ar kan sas Sc hool of law Fayett eville Camp us Co路C hai rm an .. .. .
. .. , Bo b M arqua rdt, Vice- Preside nt Stud en t Bar Association - University o f Arkan sas Sc hool of law l illie Roc k Camp us
Sec retary . .
. .. To be app ointed by Co路C hairme n
1972 1972 1972 '1972 '1972 '1973 '1973 1973 1973
l ittl e Rock lillie Roc k Pine Blu ff We st Memphis Liltle Ro ck Ashdown Newport lillie Ro ck H al Sprin gs
Standing Committees I
JURI SPR UD ENCE AN D LAW REFORM H. Murray Claycomb, Chai rm an Warren G. D. Wa lker Jonesbo ro EI Dorado Richard H. Mays little Rock Henry Woods Bi ll R. Hol loway Lake Vill age Wi ll iam S. Walker Harrison E. Harl ey Cox Pine Bluff W . Dane Clay Little Rock Ric hard S. Arn o ld Texarkana
PROFESSIONAL ETHI CS AND G RI EVAN CES
1974 1972 1972 1972 1973 1973 1973 1974 1974
Stee le Hays, Chai rm an Lynn F. Wade Carro ld Ray Joe D. Woodwa rd Otis Turner Robert Branch Wi ll iam A. Eckert Comer Boyett, Jr. Dennis L. Shackleford
1974 1972 1972 1972 1973 1973 1973 1974 1974
UNAUTH O RIZED PRACTICE Eugene L. Sc hieffler, Chairman Ray A. Goodwin Wi ll iam R. Overton Wi ll iam M. Stocks Ken net h H. Cast leberry A. E. (Jack) Townsend , Jr. Robert Gibso n H. Watt Gregory III Gerald Brown
LEG ISLATION COMMITTEE William A. Eckert, Cha irman J. L. Shaver, Jr. Guy Amsler, Jr. Russell Elrod Max Howe ll Ed light Ie John T. Williams Thomas E. Sparks Thomas B. Tinnon
Magnolia Wynne Little Rock Siloam Springs little Rock Searcy little Rock Fordyce Mountain Home
Litt le Rock Fayetteville
1974 1972 1972 1972 1973 1973 1973 1974 1974
Marianna Magno lia Arkadelphia Paragou ld Magnolia Searcy EI Dorado
OF LAW COMM ITTH West Helena Paragou ld little Rock Fort Smit h Little Rock N . little Rock Dermott little Rock Paragould
1973 1972 1972 1972 1973 1973 1974 1974 1974
Permanent Committees John L. Johnson, Chairman Paul W . Hoover, Jr. Byron Eiseman LEGAL AID COMMITTEE Jerry T. light , Chairman little Roc k Clay Patty, Jr. little Rock Texarkana LeRoy Autrey Knox Kinney Forrest City Davis Duty Rogers Oscar Fend ler Blythevi ll e Sid H. McCo ll um little Rock Mi las Hale Little Rock Robert C. Vittitow Warren MEMORIALS COMM ITTEE Judge Ed McFaddin, Chairman Judge Guy Amsler Judge Frank lin Wilder Judge Archer Wheatley Judge Wi ll is Smith Judge W. C. Medley Judge Lawrence Dawson Robert S. Lindsey John A. David, II I
AUD ITING COMM ITTEE Little Rock Frank H. Cox Little Rock Donald W . Nance Little Rock
Little Rock Little Rock
NEWS MEDIA LIAISON COMMITTEE
1974 1972 1972 1972 1973 1973 1973 1974 1974
Wi ll iam S. Arnold, Chairman Stephen A. Matthews Thomas Pryor Phillip Carroll Gera ld Brown Charles Carpe nter
1974 1972 1972 1973 1973 1974
Ex-Officio Presiden t President-E lect
Litt le Rock little Rock Fort Smith Jonesboro Texarkana Hampton Pine Bluff Little Rock Pine Bluff
Crossett Pine Bluff Fort Smith little Rock Pa ragou ld N. little Rock
Pau l B. Yo ung Henry Woods
RESOLUTIONS COMM ITTEE Mau rice Cat hey, Chairman Pa ragould David H. Blai r Batesvi lle Mahlon Gibso n Fayetteville H. Frank lin Waters Springdale Wa lt er Dav idso n li ttl e Rock Henry Woods Little Rock
Special Committees "-
ANNUAL MEETING COMMITTEE E. Harley Cox, Chairman Richard Wootto n Edward B. Dillon Jam es B. Sharp Robert Shults M . J. Pro bst Co mer Boyett , Jr. Hays C. M cCl erkin C. B. Nan ce Joe D. Woodward Jam es B. Blair Joe C. Boo ne, Jr. Do n M . Schnipper Ri chard Hatfield
Pin e Bluff Hot Springs littl e Roc k Brinkl ey littl e Rock Pin e Bluff Sea rcy Texarkana West M emphi s Magn o lia Springdale Jo nesbo ro Ho t Springs West M emphis
CLAIMS REVIEW COMMITTEE Joseph L. Buffal o, Cha irman W. A. Eldredge, Jr. J. W . Barro n Dal e Price Bill y S. Clark
littl e Littl e littl e Litt le littl e
Roc k Roc k Roc k Roc k Roc k
COMPUTERIZED LEGAL RESEARCH COMMITTEE Ri chard A. Williams, Chairman Littl e Roc k Jam es E. West Fo rt Smith C. R. Warner, Jr. Fo rt Smith W . Dan e Clay little Roc k Richard S. Arn o ld Texarkana Mit chell M oo re O sceo la Harri so n Garvin Fitt o n
Pin e Bluff Fo rt Smith littl e Rock Fo rt Sm ith littl e Roc k Searcy
BAIL REFORM COMMITTEE Fo rt Smith Judge Lawso n Cl o ninger, Chairman Faye tt ev ille Hugh Kin caid Bent o nville Will iam H. Enfi eld little Roc k Ph illip Ragsdal e littl e Roc k Robert Faulkn er littl e Roc k Phillip Kaplin Augusta George Procto r M o untai n H o me Go rd o n F. Engeler, Jr. Fayettev ill e Bo b I. Mays Jackso nville Mike Wil son Fo rt Smith Robert L. Dawso n Pine Bluff Bart Mulli s Pine Bluff Judge Charl es Goldberger CIVIL PROCEDURES COMMITTEE James D. Storey, Chairman Th o mas Glaze athan Go rd o n Jerry L. Canfi eld Th o mas W . Card in Jo hn L. Anderso n Paul Raw lings James Mclart y
Paragould little Rock littl e Roc k littl e Roc k M o unt Ida little Ro ck
CLIENTS SECURITY FUND COMMITTEE little Rock W. J. William s, Jr., Chairman Arkad elphia H. W. McMillan Bl yth eville Dan M . Burge Littl e Roc k Jam es H. Ri ce, Jr. Eld o n Coffman Fo rt Sm ith William T. Kelly little Roc k Jo hn B. M oo re Clarend o n J. Gaston Wi ll iam son little Roc k Walter W . David so n littl e Roc k
AUTOMOBILE INSURANCE COMMITTEE Little Rock Bruce T . Bullion, Chairman Wynne J. L. Shaver Magno lia Joe D. Woodward Little Rock Dale Price G . D. Walker Jo nesboro Pine Bluff Edward I. Staten Little Rock William A . Eld redge, Jr. AWARD OF MERIT COMMITTEE Wi lli am R. Ho ll and , Chairman Jam es E. West Ro bert D. Ross Th o mas B. Pryor Phillip Carro ll Edwin R. Bethun e
Gerald Brown W . Dent Git chel Ami s Guthridge Ro bert B. Lesli e Gayle Fo rd Ro y Fin ch, Jr .
CONSTITUTION AND BY-LAWS COMMITTEE W in slow Drumm o nd , Chairm an little Rock Judge Th o mas F. Butt Fayettevi ll e Julian B. Fogleman West M emphi s James B. Sharp Br inkl ey Ern est G. Lawrence, Jr . Bent o nville Fin es F. Bat chelo r, Jr. Van Buren Fred E. Pic kett As hd ow n Joe D. Wood w ard Magn o lia Herman L. Hamilt o n, Jr. Hamburg Jo hn W. Mann Fo rrest Ci ty Ra y A. Goodwin Parago uld Jo hn N orman Harkey Bat esvi lle Edw ard Go rdo n Mo rr il to n Dv n Sc hnipper Ho t Springs Randall W . Ishmael Jonesbo ro Ph ilip E. Di xo n littl e Rock Ri chard H. Mays EI D o rad o Henry Woods Littl e Rock Wi lliam S. Walker Harri so n William H. Schulze Russell vill e O tis Turn er Arkad elphia Th o mas ~ . Sparks Fo rd yce
littl e Roc k littl e Roc k Mo rrilt o n Fo rt Smith Jo nesboro Helena Littl e Roc k ewport 201
Robert N. Hardin Dav id So lo mo n Dan M . Burge Wayne Boyce Terry M . Poynt er Ric hard S. Arn o ld Steph en A. Matthews Do uglas O . Smith , Jr.
Bento n Helena Blyt heville New po rt Mountain Home Texa rkana Pi ne Bluff Fort Sm ith
Jam es A. Ro ss, Jr. Murray Clayco mb George E. Pike, Jr. Do n Schnipper John F. Fo rster, Jr. Paul W . " Pete" Hoover, Jr. Richard C. But ler, Jr. Ji m B. Spears John T. Lavey Robert L. Neighbors Ben E. Rice Ted D rake J. L. Hend ren
CONSTITUTIONAL REFORM COMMITTEE Jam es A. Ross, Jr ., Chairman Monticello Th o mas Cardin Jo nesbo ro Philip E. Di xo n Litt le Rock G. Byro n Do bbs Fo rt Smi th Eureka Springs Lewi s P. Epley, Jr. Jo nesbo ro Charles Fri erso n II I George Campbell Little Roc k Charles Rosco pf Helena E. Harley Cox, Jr. Pine Bluff Texarkana Richard S. Arnold EI Dorado Richard H. Mays Si loam Sprin gs Field K. Wasson Judge Thomas Butt Fayett ev ill e Fl oyd C. Crow Hope CREDITOR'S RIGHTS COMMITTEE Charles Rosco pf, Chairman Do n All en Smith Bill E. Ross Willi am D. Ro thwe ll Jerry W . Watkin s E. J. Butl er Kenneth Castleberr y Isaac A. Scott , Jr. Joe B. Reed Griffin Smith Thomas Daily Steve Reasoner Robert Ro bin so n Henry J. Osterl o h
DISCIPLINARY PROCEDURES COMMITTEE Lilli e Rock Edward B. Di ll on , Jr., Chairman lillie Roc k Ro bert Shults Ozark Jack Yates Magnolia O liver M . Clegg Helena David So lo mon Hamburg Herman L. Hamilt o n North Litt le Roc k A. E. Tow nsend , Jr. Littl e Roc k S. Hubert Mayes, Jr. Jo nesboro J. C. Deaco n ECONOMICS OF LAW PRACTICE COMMIITEE Va n Buren Fines F. Batch elo r, Chai rman Osceola Mitchell M oo re Fo rrest City Henry Wilkin so n Fayettevill e W . R. Niblock Fo rt Smit h Ben Paddock Litt le Roc k Th o mas S. Lovell, Jr. lill ie Roc k Ph ilip K. Lyo n Parago uld Ro bert Bran ch West Memphis Elton A. Rieves III Batesv ille Jo hn Purtle Hot Springs Paul Hogue Little Rock W . Dan e Clay Fo rt Smith Richard Martin D es Arc Sam Weems West Helena Jo hn Pitman Fort Smith Robert L. Jo nes, III Waldron Dona ld S. Good ner Litt Ie Rock Jo hn M . Fin cher Litt le Roc k To m F. Lovett
Helena Fo rt Smith Bl yth ev ille Crossett EI Do rad o Fo rrest City Little Roc k Littl e Rock Springdale Littl e Roc k Fo rt Smith Jonesboro Lillie Roc k Little Rock
DEFEN SE OF CRIMINAL INDIGENTS COMMITTEE Wes t Memphis C. B. Na nce, Jr ., Chairman Littl e Roc k Jo hn P. Sizemore Fo rt Sm ith Wayne Harri s Litt le Rock Nic ho las H. Pall o n Camden Julian D. Street Sp ringdal e R.H. Mills Lill ie Roc k W .H. Dillahunty Vin cen t E. Skillman West Memphis Littl e Roc k W illia m R. Wilson New po rt David A. Hodges Ed Owen Pin e Bluff Pa rago uld Alfred J. Ho llan d Leroy Blankenship Walnut Ridge Geo rge " Nic k" Wilson Pocahontas Sea rcy Jerry Cavan ea u Little Roc k David Hal e Jo n R. Sanford Russellville Russellville James L. Morgan DESK BOOK COMMITTEE Claibourne W . Patty, Jr., Chairman Judge Richard Mobley
Mo.nti cello Warrer lilli e Rock Ho t Springs Lilli e Roc k Lilli e Rock Lilli e Rock Littl e Rock lillie Rock lilli e Rock Jackso nville Pin e Bluff Bent o nville
ENVIRONMENTAL LAW COMMIITEE Crossett Paul Sullins, Chairman Ho t Springs Elbert Cook Camde n J. E. Gaughan Little Roc k James M. M c Haney Lilli e Roc k W . D ent Gitchel Fort Smith Ro bert L. Jones, III Stephen M . Rea so ner Jonesboro Fo rt Smith Gera ld L. DeLung William H . Schulze Russell vi lle F. Daniel Harrelso n Pine Bluff Hoyt Thomas Lillie Roc k lill ie Rock Jo hn Selig Don Killebrew Siloam Springs Steph en Geigl e Rogers Spr ingda le Rudy M o ore, Jr. Allyn C. Tatum Batesv ill e Thomas Ledbetter Harri so n
Litt Ie Roc k Russellville
Ric hard E. Griffin Gayle Ford Jo hn Fo rster, Jr. Jo hn M i xo n
Crossett M o unt Ida Litt le Rock Litt le Roc k
FEDERAL LEGISLATION AND PROCEDURES E. Charl es Ei c henbaum , Chairma n Leo n B. Catl ett J. S. Dai ly Jo hn M ac Sm ith Hart man Hotz Jac k D . Fil es Will iam L. Ho pper M iddl eto n P. Ra y, Jr . Jerry Ja c kso n Jam es W . Cherry Oscar E. Dav is, Jr. Ri chard E. Gr iffin F. C. Crow J. Gayle Wind so r W alt er Dav idso n
Litt le Roc k Littl e Roc k Fo rt Smith W est Me mph is Faye tt ev ille Litt le Roc k EI Do rado Litt Ie Roc k Littl e Roc k Litt le Roc k Littl e Rock Crossett Hope Littl e Roc k Littl e Rock
HONORARY MEMBERS Se nato r Jo hn L. McClell an Co ngressman W ilbur D . Mi ll s Congressman W ill ia m V. Alexa n der Sen ato r J. W illi am Ful bright Co ngressman Dav id H . Pryor
INTERNATIONAL LAW COMMITIEE Joe C. Barrett , Ch airman Edwar d L. W ri ght Sid ney S. McMath E. Charl es Eic henbaum Hersc h el H. Frid ay J. Mic hae l Shaw Mi ddl eto n P. Ray, Jr . Adrian W illiamso n Ro nald A. May Ri c hard L. Pratt
Jo nesbo ro Littl e Roc k Littl e Roc k Litt le Roc k Littl e Roc k Fo rt Sm ith Litt le Roc k M o nti cell o Littl e Roc k Litt le Roc k
INTERNSHIP COMMITTEE Si d Dav is, Co-Chai rman Boyce Lo ve, Co-C hairm an Ro bert D . Cabe Albert R. Hanna Lynn F. Wad e E. C. Gi lbreath Ben L. Paddoc k Do n F. Hamil to n H. W att Gregory, II I Jam es W . M oo re
Fayett evill e Littl e Roc k Littl e Rock EI Do rad o Faye ttev ille Fo rt Smith Fo rt Smith Littl e Rock Littl e Roc k Li tt le Roc k
JUDICIAL COUNCIL LIAISON COMMITIEE Ro bert D . Ro ss, Chai rman Li ttl e Roc k Phillip Carro ll Littl e Roc k Jam es E. W est Fo rt Smit h Ex-Offici o Presiden t Paul B. Yo ung JUDICIAL NOMINATIONS COMMITTEE Wi ll iam S. Mit c hell , Chairm an 1973 W . B. Putm an Fayettevill e 1973 R. A. Ei lbott Pine Bluff 1973 Jam es E. Hya tt, Jr. O sceo la 1972 A lbert Graves Ho pe 1972 Jo hn D . Eldridge A ugusta 1972 Ex-Officio Paul B. Yo ung, Presid ent , A rka nsas Ba r Assoc iati o n H e nry W oo d s, V i ce- Pres i den t , A rk an sas Bar Assoc iati o n James E. West, Chai rm an, Exec utive Commi tt ee, A rk ansas Bar Assoc iati o n LAW DAY COMMITTE E Jay W . Di ckey, Jr., Chairma n Ben L. Paddoc k J. Wi n sto n Bryant Dav id K. Gunti Ri c hard Butl er, Jr. Jo hn P. Sizemo re G. Leroy Blanken ship Ric hard E. Gri ffin Gordo n F. Enge ler, Jr. Jo hn R. Graves Cyril Ho llingswo rth Lesl ie Evitts Steph en Geigle
GROUP INSURANCE PLAN S COMMITTE E Eugene Bai ley, Chairm an Littl e Rock Euge ne Mazzan ti Little Rock Har lan A. Weber Littl e Roc k Jo hn C. Ward Littl e Roc k Wi ll iam L. Patt o n, Jr. Littl e Roc k Eld o n Co ffm an Fo rt Smith Do n Preva llet Bl yth ev ill e Charl es R. W hite Hot Springs
Pi ne Bluff Pine Bluff Texarka na Parago uld
John A. Davi s II I Wi lli am C. Bridgfo rth N ed A. Stewart, Jr . Ray A. Goodwin
Pine Blu ff Fo rt Sm ith Ma lvern Pine Bl u ff Littl e Roc k Littl e Roc k Waln ut Rid ge Crossett Mo unta in Ho me Ho pe Li tt le Roc k Fo rt Smith Rogers
LAW SCHOOL COMMITTEE Hersc hel H. Frid ay, Cha irman Fred M. Pi c ken s, Jr. Lew is D . Jo nes Lo ui s L. Ram say, Jr. Ro bert Shult s James B. Sharp LAW STUDENT LIAI SON COMMITIEE D o n M. Sc hnipper, Chairm an Neva Talley Gord o n Rath er, Jr. A. D . McA lli ster Ri c hard Slagl e Will ia m C. Bridgfo rth Jo hn C. Gregg Geo rge E. Kl oc k Dav id B. Ho rn e H. Watt Gregory III
Littl e Roc k ew p o rt Faye ttev ill e Pin e Blu ff Litt le Roc k Brinkl ey
Ho t Springs Litt le Roc k Littl e Roc k Faye ttev ill e Hot Spr ings Pine Bluff Parago uld Fo rt Sm ith Fayettev ille Litt le Roc k
LAWYER REFERRAL SERVICE COMMITTEE Robert L. Jo nes, Jr. , Chairm an Fo rt Smith 20 3
Bo b Dawso n William Bl ev in s Randall Ishmael Darrell D over Wayne Boyce Elizabeth Brooks David . La se r Frances Ho ltzendo rff Dan Orr Royce J. Weisenberger, Jr. Milam M . Kinard Lo ui s J. Longinotti , III William C. No lan , Ir. David R. Mal o ne Searcy W . Harrell, Ir. Guy H. lo nes, Jr .
No rth Little Rock No rth Little Rock l onesbo ro Litt le Rock Newpo rt Little Roc k l anesbo ro Littl e Rock As h Flat Texa rkan a Magnolia Hot Sp rings EI Do rado Fayettev ill e Cam den Co nway
Arthur Eugene Raff, Jr.
NEW HEADQUARTERS COMMITTEE Edward Lester, Chairman Little Rock l o hn Stroud Texarkana D o n Smith Pine Bluff Ben Core Fort Smith Comer Boyett Searcy Boyce Love Little Rock Jam es Sha rp Brinkley Jo hn P. Gi ll Little Rock William J. Wynn e EI D o rado David So lomon Helena Julian Fogleman West Memphis Philip Anderson Littl e Rock W . W . Bassett , Jr. Fayettevi ll e
MALPRACTICE PANEl COMMITTEE COMMITTEE William A. Eldredge, Chairman Littl e Rock Little Rock Alsto n l ennings Pine Bluff Steph en A. Matthews MARITIME LAW COMMITTEE Ed E. Bedwell , Chairman William A. Schulze Ric hard Crockett Les lie Evitts Kenneth Baim Robert Hays William s Gordon S. Rath er, Jr. MEMBERSHIP COMMITTEE l oe Purce ll , Chairman Ronald May David Malo ne William I. Prewett Richard Slagl e Robert C. Low ry Jo hn . Harkey William H. Sc hul ze Fin es F. Bat chelo r, Ir. Milam M. Kinard Mitchell D. Moore Nathan G. Gordon Ri chard H. Mays Jerry Pin so n Jam es H. McKenzie Bru ce D. Sw itzer Ri chard Pence, Ir. lam es D. Cypert Jam es D. Emerson Chri stopher Barrier Robert Leslie l o hn M . Graves Clayton N. Little abors Shaw Herman L. Ham il to n I. L. Shaver, Jr. Gerald Brown Jo hn T. Stroud , Ir. C. B. Nance, Jr. Cyri l Ho ll ingsworth Eugene S. Harri s
PRE- LAW ADVISORS COMMITTEE Martin G. Gilbert , Chairm an Judge Paul Wolfe Thomas Ark Monroe II I Neva Tall ey Oscar Davi s, Ir. Paul I. Hogue Lera R. Kelly J. Marvin Ho lman Thomas Ledbett er All yn C. Tat um
Fort Smith Ru sse ll vi ll e Little Roc k Fo rt Smith Pine Bluff Ru sse ll ville Litt le Roc k
PROBATE LAW COMMITTEE Leo na rd Sco tt, Chairman Harry E. M eek, Hon o rar y Chairman Judge Warren Kimbrough Thomas J. Bonn er Thomas A. Daily E. L. Cullum Ric hard Hipp George Proctor ludge Alex Sanderson Judge Ro yce Weise nberger O liver Clegg J. Marvin Ho lman ludge Thomas Butt Weems Tru sse ll Edward L. Wright , Jr.
Benton Littl e Rock Fayetteville EI Dorado Ho t Spr ings Little Roc k Bat esv ill e Rus sellville Va n Buren
Magnolia Osceo la Morrilton EI Do rad o
Pine Bluff Fort Smith Magnolia Little Rock Little Rock Ho t Springs Arkadelphia Clarksvi lle Harriso n
Bat esv ill e
Littl e Rock Little Rock Fo rt Smith Little Rock Fort Smith Little Rock Faye ttev ill e Augusta Texarkana Hope Magnolia Clarksville Fayett ev ill e Fordyce Littl e Roc k
Harri so n
Prescott Crossett Little Rock Springda le Mena Little Rock Little Rock Cam den Bent onvill e Mena Hamburg Wynne Paragould Texarkana West Memphis Little Roc k Pin e Bluff
PUBLIC INFORMATION COMMITTEE lo hn P. Gi ll , Chairman Littl e Rock J. V. Spencer III EI Dorado Cyril Hollingswo rth Littl e Rock Virginia Tackett Little Rock Do ni s B. Hamilto n Paragould Jam es A. Mclarty Newport Robert T. Dawson Fo rt Smith David Laser Jo nesboro Th o mas S. Stone Littl e Roc k Bill Thompson Fo rt Smith Jam es Buttry Litt le Roc k D ent Gitchel Litt le Roc k Sam Highsmith Bat esv ille O h mer C. Burn side, Jr . Lake Village Guy Amsler, Jr. Litt le Rock l ames Johnson M o untain Ho me
Thomas W . Card in Wort h Camp William C. Rea Geo rge E. Klock
Jon esboro EI D o rado little Rock Fo rt Smith
RE AL ESTATE LAW COMMITTE E G. Byron Dobbs, Chairman William Nas h Eugene Harris Judge Ri chard Mobley E. Dematt Henderso n Alex Sanderson Guy Amsler, Jr . Cha rl es L. Gocio J. Gayle Windso r Edward L. Wright, Jr. William L. Blair
Fo rt Smith Little Rock Pine Bl uff Ru sse ll ville little Rock Texarkana little Rock Bentonville little Rock Littl e Rock Little Rock
RETIREMENT PLAN ( KEO UG H ) COM M ITTEE Byron Ei seman , Chairm an Littl e Joh n L. Ru sh Pine Jam es H. Rice, Jr. Littl e Ted Drake Pine John Selig Littl e
Rock Bluff Rock Bluff Rock
STANDARDS FOR THE ADMINIST RATION OF CRI M IN AL JUSTICE COMM ITTEE Edwin R. Bethune, Chairman Searcy Judge Steele Hays litt le Rock Judge Melvin Mayfie ld EI Dorado Judge Bobby Steel Nashvi ll e Judge William Enfield Bentonville Robert W . Faulkner litt le Rock Robert J. Brown little Rock J. L. Hend ren Bentonville Ka neaster Hodges Newport Wynne James C. Luker Frank Wynne Fo rd yce J. W . Green, Jr. Stu ttgart Robert F. Fussell little Rock Phillip Kaplan littl e Rock H. William Allen little Rock U NIFO RM LAWS COMM ITTEE J. C. Deacon , Chairman Jo nesbo ro Philip Ca rroll little Rock William S. Arnold Crossett Joe C. Barrett Jonesbo ro Robert A. Leflar Fayettevi lle Marc us Halbrook Little Rock
Arkansas Bar Foundation DIRECTORS
Vi ce- Chairman
Richard H. Mays Randall Ishmael Wayne Boyce Ben Core Philip S. Anderson William K. Ball Jo hn F. Stroud, Jr. Edward Lester W. S. Mitchell Jam es A. Ross, Sr. Phillip Carroll Ro bert L. Jones, Jr. Jam es B. Sharp Oliver Clegg
Step hen A. Matthews P.O. Box 7808 Pin e Bluff, Arka nsas 71601
Edwa rd Lester 1330 Tow er Building litt le Roc k, Arkansas 72201
1972 1972 1972 1972 1972 1972 1972 1973 1973 1973 1973 1973 1973 1973
EI Dorado Jonesboro Newport Fort Smith little Roc k Montice ll o Texarkana
little Roc k litt le Roc k Monticello Little Roc k Fort Smith Brinkley Magn o lia
Phi lip S. Anderson 2200 Worthen Ba nk Building Littl e Roc k, Arkan sas 72201
Paul B. Young, President , Arkansas Bar Assoc iation Jam es B. Blair, President , Conference of Local Bar
Arkansas Bar Foundation Committees MEMORIALS COMMITIEE
AWARDS COMM ITIEE
Chairman, Arkansa s Bar Foundation - Step hen A. Matthews Pres ident , Arkan sas Bar Association - Paul B. Young Chairman , Stat e Judi cial Co un cil - prese ntly Judge Paul Wolfe; as of October Judge Terry She ll Chairman , Assoc iation 's Executive Committee James E. We st Chairman , Young Lawyers Section - John G. Lile III
ELECTION OF FELLOWS COMMITIEE Mo nticello Fort Smith Littl e Rock Bl ytheville
Jam es Ross, Sr., Chairman James E. West Bruce Bullion Oscar Fendler Edward P. Jones William M . Moorhead J. Gaston Williamso n Eugene Mazzanti
BUILDING COMMITTEE Little Roc k Texa rkana Pine Bluff Fort Smith Searcy Litt le Rock Brinkl ey EI Do rado Helena Fayett ev ille W est M emphi s Little Rock Littl e Rock
Edward Lester, Chairman Jo hn Stro ud Don Smith Ben Core Co mer Boyett Boyce Love Jam es B. Sharp William J. Wynn e David So lomon Bass Trumbo Julian Fogleman Philip Anderson Jo hn P. Gi ll
Li ttl e Rock Hope Ashdown Little Roci, Fo rt Smit h EI Dorado
William S. Mitchell , Chairman Jam es Pilkinton Fred Pickett Ben M cMinn Frank lin H. Wilder J. V. Spencer, III
B~nLonv i lie
Stuttgart Littl e Rock Little Rock
FINANCE COMMITIEE Litt le Rock Little Rock Booneville Little Rock Little Rock Little Rock
William H. Sutton , Chairman Byron Eiseman Jeptha Evans Frank Cox John L. Johnson Donald Nance
Local Bar Associations 8LYTHEVILLE 8AR ASSOCIATION
ARKANSAS ASSOCIATION OF WOMEN LAWYERS
Leo n Burrow D on Prev all c t
Pres id ent V ice- Pres id ent
Clay lce n Ro b ert s Vi rginia Gat es Grace Fergu son Rebecca No rt on
Presid ent Vi c e-Presi den t Recordi ng Secre tary Co rrespon din g Sec re tar y
Bill Ro ss
Sec retary-Trea sure r 800NE -NEWTON 8AR ASSO CIATION
ARKANSAS COUNTY 8AR ASSOC IATION
Presid en t Vice- Presi de nt
I. W . G reen , Ir.
Virgi l Moncrief
8AXTER -MARION COUNTY 8AR ASSOC IAT ION President Frank I. Huckaba Vice- President
Sec re tary-T reas ure r
Robert V. Logan , Ir. Gene C. Ca mpbell Buford M . Gardner
8RAD LEY COUN TY 8AR ASSOC IATION Presi d ent Vice- President Sec re tary-Treasurer
Go rd on F. Engeler, Jr. Jam es C. Joh nso n
Tom Hal ey Robert C. V ittit ow Paul K. Robe rt s
8ENTON COU NTY 8AR ASSOC IATI ON President Vice - Presi dent
Ralph C. Will ia m s
CH ICOT CO UNTY 8AR ASSO CIATION
Pres id ent Sec retary -Treasurer
a c. W
Burnside, Jr. K. Grubbs
CLA RK COUNTY BAR ASSOCIATION President
Secret ary- Treasurer
IND EPENDENCE COUNTY BAR ASSOCIATION Jo h n Purtle Pr esi den t Mrs. Bernice McSpadden Sec ret a ry-Trea su rer
Jo hn W . Sim mo n s V. Dwa in Needham
JACKSON COUN TY BAR ASSOCIATION Pr esid ent Vice- Presi dent Secre tar y-Treasurer
CLE BURNE COUNTY BAR ASSOC IATION Ca rl B. McSpadden Pres id ent Ea r l N . Olmstead Sec retar y-Treasurer
COLUM BIA COU NTY BAR ASSOCIATION Presi d e nt Vice- Presi dent
JEFFERSON COU NTY BAR ASSOCIATION Donald H. Smith Pr esid en t Edwa rd M . Owen V ice- Presi den t Joh n Ru sh Sec retary-Treas urer
Mike Ki n ard A rk Monroe H arry B. (olay
CONWAY COUNTY BAR ASSOCIATION Na tha n C . Go rd o n Pres id e nt Charles H . Eddy Sec retary-Treasurer
LAWREN CE COU NTY BAR ASSOCIATION Presi den t Vice- Pr esi dent Sec ret ary-Trea surer
CRAIG HEAD COUNTY BAR ASSOCIATION D o nal d F. Seay Pres id e nt
Vice- Pres id e nt
Sec retary-Treas urer
LEE COUNT Y BAR ASSOCIATION Presi dent Vice -Presi dent Sec retary-Trea surer
Marvin L. Ki effe r D av id N . La ser
CRITTEND EN COUNT Y BAR ASSOCIATION lind se y J. Fairle y Presi d e nt Ric hard F. Hatfie ld Vice- Pr esident Chadd l. Durrell , Jr. Secre t ar y- T rcas u rer
Sec reta f y- Treasu rer
Roy M ullen H. l. Pon der J. F. Sloan , III
W . H. Daggett Jame s R. Va n Dove r Carro ld Ray
MILLER COU NTY BAR ASSOCIATION Presi dent Th o ma s S. Arnol d Jo hn O . Moore Vi c e- Presi den t Ned A. Stew art, Jf. Sec retary-Treas urer
CRAWFORD COUNTY BAR ASSOCIATION Fl oyd G. Rogers Pre sid e nt Da v id Partain Vice- Pr es ident Darr ell Jo hn so n Sec retar y- Treasurer CROSS COU NTY BAR ASSOCIATION Presi dent Vic e-Pres ident
Tim Wa tso n Claude Erw in Max O . Bow ie
NORTH EAST ARKANSAS BAR ASSOCIATION Ju lian B. Fogleman President Mit chell D . Moore Vice- President A. Ian Th o ma s, Jr. Sec retary-Treas urer
Evere lt Proclor l ames Luke r
OSCEOLA BAR ASSOCIATION Presid en t Vice- President Sec retary-Tr easurer
Jim Shav e r, Jr.
EIG H TH CH AN CE RY BAR ASSOCIATION Leroy Blank en ship Pres ident Gray Dellinger Vice- Pr esident Ruth el l1 eas ley Sec retary-T reasurer
Ra lph E. Wil so n Mitch ell D. Moo r e Da vi d Bu rn ell
OUACHITA COUNTY BAR ASSOCIATION Sear cy W . Harrell , Jr. Pr esident Ralph E. Faulkn e r Vice- President Ro b ert S. l ane y Secre tary-Treasurer
FAULKNER COU NTY BAR ASSOCIATION Fran c is T. D onovan Presiden t Bill Clark Vice- Presiden t Bill Braz il Sec retar y- Treasurer
PHILLIPS COUNTY BAR ASSOCIATION President Vice -President Sec reta ry-Treasure r
GARLAND COU NTY BAR ASSOCIATION Michael B. Hei ndl Pre sident Robert D . Ridgeway Vice- Pr esident Regina Whitaker lo hn s Secre tary-Treasurer
PIKE COUNTY BAR ASSOCIATION Pr esident Sec retary-Tr easurer
GREENE -ClAY COUNTY BAR ASSOCIATION Ve rl in E. Upt o n Presi d ent Secretary-Tr easurer Joe Ca lvin
E. l. Sc h ierrler Bill D inning Jo hn M . Pitt man
Lind ell H ile jimm y l. Feath ersto n
HEMPSTEAD COUNTY BAR ASSOCIATION larry S. Patt erso n Presi d ent Jo hn Robert Graves Sec retar y-Trea surer
POINSETI COUNTY BAR ASSOCIATION President Vice-P resid ent Sec retar y-Tr eas urer
HOT SPRING COUNTY BAR ASSOCIA TION la mes C. Co le President loe W . M c Co y Vice- President W . C. Gilliam Sec re tary- Trea surer
POLK COUN TY BAR ASSOCIATION President Vice- President Sec retary -Tr easurer
Henr y Wil son Burk Dabne y H. l. Methvin
loe H. Hardegree Ro bert l. Shaw Jame s D . Emerson
POPE -YElL BAR ASSO C IATION President Vice- Pr esident
SOUTH WEST ARKANSAS BA R ASSOC I ATION
Roben H. Williams R. M . Pridd y W illiam R. Bullo ck
Sec retary-T reas urer
Presi d e nt Vice- Pr eside nt
O ti s H. Turner W . H. Arn o ld , III Talbot Field , Jr.
Sec retary-Treas u rer
PULAS KI COUNTY BAR ASSO CI AT ION
Ro be rt Shult s Rober t S. lind sey
Vice- Pres id ent
Sec reta ry-Treasur er
John Ca lh o un
RANDOLPH - LAWRENCE COUNTY BAR ASSOC IAT ION Pres ident H . l. Po nd er Vice- Pres id e nt Harrell Simp son , Jr. Sec retary-Treasurer Thorn Hilburn ST. f RANCIS COUNTY BAR ASSOC IAT ION Pres ident H enr y Wi lk inson Vice- Presi d ent Fletcher l ong, Jr.
Sec retary-T reasurer
TH IRTEENTH JUD ICIAL DISTRI CT BAR ASSOC IATION Pr es id e nt Charles Plunkett Vice- Pre si d ent Sea rcy Harrell Sec retary-Treasurer A ll en Ro bert s TRI -C OUNTY BAR ASSOCIATION Pr es ident Vice- Presid e nt
E. A. Causbie
UNION COUNTY BAR ASSOC IAT ION
Jose ph K. Mahony, II lam es V. Spencer, III Michael F. Mahony
Vice- President SALINE COUNTY BAR ASSOC I ATION Presi d en t Sec reta ry-Treas urer
W . G. Wil ey
Sec ret ary- Treasure r
Presi d ent
Joh n Ma nn
Ca rma ck Su lli va n
Sec retary-T reasurer Gladys Wied Ted D o nham
WAS HI NGTON COUNTY BAR ASSOC IATION Pr esid ent Pe ter G. Estes Vice- Pres id e nt H . Franklin Wa ters Sec retar y- Treasurer Esther M . White
SEBASTIAN COUNTY BAR ASSOC IATION Pre sid ent Ro be rt T. Daw so n Vice- Pres id en t Ben L. Padd ock Secre tary -Treasure r Jerry l. Ca n field
WH ITE COUNTY BA R ASSOCIATION Pre sid ent Vice- Pr esi dent Sec retary- Trea sur er
SOUTH EAST ARKANSAS BA R ASSOC I ATI ON President James M . Barker Sec retary-Treas urer Thomas S. Streetman
Edwin R. Bethun e l eroy Froman Je rr y Cava neau
Complet e Trust Services
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For Attorneys And Their Clients
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WO R LD-WIDE SERVI CE FOR
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American Archive" A""ocialion
INTERNATIONAL PROBATE RESEARCH 449 WASHtNGTON BUILDING
302 Cherry Helena, A rkansas
WASHI NGTON, D. C.
HEART OF THE OZARKS REALTY COMPANY Col. c. C. King, Owner Mrs. Font a L. Mackie, Abstractor
Verna Williams 8001 Woodhaven Dr. Little Rock, Arkansas
Issuing Agent for Chicago T itle I nsurance CO.
ABSTRACTS - REAL ESTATE-INSURANCE
Member of American and Arkansas Land Title Asso.
Area Code 50l -Telephone: 253-8612 26 Spring Street, Eureka Springs, Ark . 72632
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BEACH ABSTRACT & GUARANTY CO. REPRESENTING : COMMERCIAL STANDARD TITLE INS. CO. ABSTRACTS·ESCROWS·TITLE INSURANCE
has been printing BR IEFS for over 35 yea rs. May we be o f service to you? 31 1 East Capitol Little Rock
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Court Reporter Will iam Poston Bowen
217W.15thSt. Little Rock, Ark.
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Write or Call Mr . T.H. Mayer 11225 Gilla Valley Dr .• Little Rock. Ark. 2254846
Get Yourself â€˘ a pIece of History, First National's Centennial Certificate; $100, non-renewable, paying 5% interest for one year; printed on antique parchment, suitable for framing. (We'll cancel it at the end of a year, so you can keep it, along with the $105 it will be worth.) First National Bank, Fort Smith's financial leader for almost a cen tury, now offers another firs t- a $100 certificate of deposit, paying five percen t interest for one year.
It's our special Centennial Certificate, issued in co mmemoration of our lOOth year.
Specially designed, sequentially numbered, and printed on parchment, it's reminiscent of a century-old bank note. We think it may well become a genuine collector's item. To buy one or more of our Centennial Certificates, simply drop by any of o ur five convenient locations, or write to Jim Sparks,
First National Bank, Sixth and Garrison, Fort Smith, Arkansas, 72901, giving us your name, address, Social Security Number, and your check for SlOO for each Certificate. (They make wonderfu l gifts for a chi ld or grandchild.)
Actual Size 7" x 8Yz"
first national bank of fort smith, ark. the first place MEMBER FDIC