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Baltic Triangle, Liverpool

L1/L8

by Aynsley Gray Jamie McAllister Caryl Rees


Baltic Triangle, Liverpool - Local Context______ 5

Introduction_______________6 + Deprivation Stats____________________7 1/ Value the Site__________8

+ Scenario____________________________9 + Street Conditions___________________10 + District & Local Centres____________ 11 + Current Site Peripherals____________ 12 + Demolition & Retention_____________13 + Building Uses______________________ 14 + Proposed Fabric____________________15

2/ Nuture the Present & Implement the Future_16

+ Principles of Application____________17 + District Axis & Catalyst Nodes_______18 + Spatial Dimensions_________________19 + L1/L8_____________________________ 20 + Routes & Nodes____________________ 21 + 1st__________________________22 + 2nd ________________________ + 3rd_________________________

+ Signage & Shop Usage______________25 + Stanhope St. Elevation______________27 + Grafton St. Elevation_______________ 29 + Market Square_____________________30 + Stanhope St. Arts Village____________31 + Restaurant Quarter_________________32 + Warehouse Re-Use _________________ 33 + Design Strategy____________________ 34 + Sustainability______________________35 +Cost Plan__________________________ 36 + Figure & References________________37

Contents

3/ Stitching the Fabric___24

3


Baltic Triangle, Liverpool

Local Policy Context streets should be designed as public spaces + to promote accessibility and local not just in response to engineering considerations. permeability by making places that connect with each other and are easy to move through, putting + transport routes should reflect urban design people before traffic and integrating land uses and qualities and not just traffic considerations. transport. +

+ the proposal must have a sensitive

response to

the local context

+ to promote

legibility through development that

provides recognisable routes, intersections and landmarks to help

+ to promote

people find their way around.

character in townscape and

landscape by responding to and reinforcing locally + to promote adaptability through development that can distinctive patterns of development, landscape and respond to changing social, technological and culture. economic conditions. + to promote the continuity

of street frontages and the enclosure of space by development which clearly defines private and public areas.

+ to promote diversity and choice through a mix of compatible developments and uses that work together to create

viable places that respond to local

+ to promote public spaces and routes that are attractive, safe, uncluttered and work effectively for all in society, including disabled and elderly people.

Local Context

needs. 1

5


Introduction

Introduction______

6


Liverpool Index of Mutiple Deprivation 2010

Deprivation “A third of the ward (30.1%) falls in the most

deprived 1% of areas nationally.” This is more than twice the city wide average (12.7%) and means that some 4,300

riverside residents live in some of the most deprived areas in England.”

Housing “At 31st March 2012 491

properties were long term vacant, accounting for 5.0% of the total stock. This compares with a City-wide rate of 3.5%. Put another way, 6.5% of all long term vacant dwellings in the city were located in the Riverside ward.”

Education “In 2011, 34.9% of pupils resident in Riverside achieved 5+ A*-C grades including English and maths, which is the lowest

rate of all 30 Liverpool wards and well below the Liverpool average (55.7%).

Attainment has improved by 18.2 percentage points city average (19.1).

Unemployment “The current worklessness rate in Riverside is 25.3% which is higher than the Liverpool average of 21.9% and twice

the national rate of 12.3%.”

Most Deprived 1% Most Deprived 1-5% Most Deprived 5 - 10% Most Deprived 10 - 20% Most Deprived 20 - 50% Most Deprived 50 - 100%

Deprivation Stats

between 2006 and 2011, which is slightly below the

7


Value the Site

1/ Value the Site___

8


Scenario____________________ Liverpool’s Needs : LDS 2009:

For the people

+

poor quality open spaces

“Improve the basic quality of the environment and legibility

+

deteriorating shopping environment in

making streets more attractive, inviting and safe routes for

local centres

pedestrians and cyclists.�

+

improvement to transport connectivity

+

sustainable development programs

Response:

+

thriving neighborhoods and civic responsibility

+

high levels of vacant and unfit housing stock

+ to establish connection between the site and the docks/waterfront.

+

shortage of high quality housing

+ to establish connection between the existing residential communities and the baltic triangle

oversupply of older terraced property

+ to create a sustainable mixed use community that addresses key issues in the area

+

Scenario

9


Street Conditions___________

Condition: High kerbs disregarding disabled, prams and the elderly. Dngerous uneven pavements Design Response: Create safe pedestrianised streets with seating to allow for stop points along routes.

Condition: Large road junction lacking pedestration crossings for safe pedestrian movement into the city centre while causing public dead zones. Design Response: Introduce large and safe pedestrian and cyclist crossings to reduce the vehicle dominance

Street Conditions

Condition: Buildings causing blockade for the public to connect with the Docks and Waterfront.

10

Design Response: Demolition of poor buildings and introduce a designed waterfront green space that will connect to the Docks and Waterfront.


Districts & Local Centres____

Districts & Local Centres

shopping financial & professional restaurant drinking takeaway business hotel residential assembly leisure

4 11


Current Site Peripherals_____

current site peripherals show the extension of the Baltic Triangle as the site is considered by Liverpool Vision. the connecting of surrounding residential communities is another key focal point to the proposal strategy. the conflicting building uses of residential and industrial across the site causes an unwanted edge

Current Site Peripherals

acting as a barrier to the rest of the city.

12


Demolition & Retention_____ the map illustrates clearly in grey the buildings we decided to retain and in red the buildings we chose to demolish. with a strong intention to keep anything of architectural merit. we have chosen to re-use the majority of existing warehouses as temporary start up catalysts, and demolish those left derelict and buildings in prime

Demolition

location for new development.

13


Building Uses_______________ the proposed building uses have been determined by the overall district route strategy and historic buildings within the locality. this has manifested into a patchwork of areas, resulting in a culturally diverse and actively

Building Uses

enriched area.

14


Proposed Fabric____________ the current proposals approved for planning are allowed to continue as the developments will bring much needed life and regeneration to the area. the proposal alongside the retained buildings is also clear. the new developments are suggested developments in a longer phased plan for the area. Mainly suggesting building uses and possible developments as we see

Proposed Fabric

the future for the site.

15


Nurture the Present & Implement the Future

Nurture the Present & Implement the Future

16


Principles of Application_____

1) Baltic Gateway the baltic triangle redevelopment serves as a precedent for the site in creatively reusing the areas warehouse fabric into large adaptable spaces

2) Value Historic Fabric re-use rich heritage assets (cains, stables, pubs) as a nucleus of growth for commercial routes

3) Nuture the Community adapt streetscape to accomodate needs of local residents giving them the facilities to promote a self sustaining district centre

4) Define Waterfront re-instate image of Queens Dock. connect fragmented public realm and fabric to historic dock edge

5) Re-engage Transport Hub

The proposal reintroduces two key amenities of the

the baltic triangle redevelopment serves as a prec-

past through St James train station and St James

edent for the site in creatively reusing the areas ware-

Market. The retention of surrounding warehouses will

house fabric into large adaptable spaces

promote a nostalgia of its industrial past.

Building Uses

Historic Fabric

17


District Axis & Catalyst Nodes + local transport infrastructure

+ st. james market (re-install)

+ arts village (re-use warehouses)

+ community bmw/skate park (re-use warehouse)

+ district school

District Axis & Catalyst Nodes

Intervention Zones

18

Program

Release Space


Primary & Secondary Axes - pedestrian and cycle

Permeability & Edge Definition - corners define site

New Residential Peripheries - distinct emerging neigh-

routes connecting people to outer network

boundaries & central communty spaces are permeable

bourhoods connect with other resident areas

Greenscape Nodes - serve as release spaces for

Bespoke District Hub Areas - central within the two axis

Community Areas - act as buffer zones between com-

residents around Baltic area

and heritage assets, to draw in audiences

merce and residential areas

Spatial Dimensions

Spatial Dimensions__________

19


L1/L8

L1/L8______________________

20


Routes & Nodes

Routes & Nodes_____________

21


First Phase Masterplan + Catalysts for Growth

new build + train station + district school

building retention + re-install st. james market + warehouses live/work graffiti art & bmx park + the stables - start-up buisnesses

infrastructure + re-install st. james train station + waterfront park + bike lanes + pedestrianised streets +urban furniture

Secon +C

+ st. james & graf + cains brewery village (leisure & commercial) + x1 development - the quarter (residential)


Third Phase Masterplan + New Build Residential Development

fton st. commercial units + restaurants + stanhope st. units + parliament st. offices

+ merchant townhouse block + social housing terraces (3 bed) + waterfront apartments for families + arts village extension

Phases

nd Phase Masterplan Commercial District

23


Stitching the Fabric

Stitching the Fabric

24


Signage & Shop Usage_______ here are some of the suggested local businesses that could get involved across areas of proposal.

Mr Seels Garden is a local memory bank with a focus on food and community. It aims to relive the past in Liverpool as food was grown locally and intends to introduce food allotments and local produce facilities across the city. This is an opportunity for community involvement with St James Market in the proposal.

Bike n Go is a scheme introduced into Liverpool in an aim to encourage sustainable travel through the use of rental bicycles.

Baltic Bakehouse is a local sourdough artisan bread bakery in Liverpool situated on Bridgewater Street. The proposed market offers opportunity for the bakery to expand while also running workshops for the local

Liverpool SoundCity is an annual city centre music festival and conference in venues across the city. The warehouses and public square in the proposal

Liverpool Food and Drink Festival is an annual

offer great opportunity and space for such events to

celebration of Liverpool’s thriving food and drink

expand and take place. The involvement of SoundCity

scene. Situated in Sefton Park the reintroduction

in this part of the city will bring jobs and community

of St James Market offers a large indoor venue for

involvement.

expansion.

Signage & Shop Usage

community.

25


Grafton St. Elevation_________


27

Grafton St. Elevation


Stanhope St. Elevation_______


29

Stanhope St. Elevation


Market Square

Market Square______________

30


Stanhope St. Arts Village

Stanhope St. Arts Village_____

31


Restaurant Quarter

Restaurant Quarter__________

32


Warehouse Re-Use_____ here is an example of the various pop-up uses of the existing warehouses can offer as a short-term catalyst for public engagement within the area. various community buildings are strategically plotted around the site, to helping to act as a buffer between the newly integrated residential units and the central commercial district. urban realm outside the warehouse will act as a meeting point linking ongoing tourists with the

Warehouse Re-Use

intervention.

33


Design Strategy_____________2 the site enclosed between the Baltic Triangle, Lower

context in a contemporary manner. The design of the

of small scale community developments in the form

Toxteth Residential, Queens & Brunswick Docks and

public realm should reflect the guidance provided by

of a local primary school and medical centre to serve

the Waterfront Residential is mainly an industrial

the Liverpool City Centre, Public Realm Implementation

the nearby residents, the introduction of St James

stronghold with a bold heritage. The area boasts

Framework (PRIF) (Liverpool Vision and Liverpool City

Market and a BMX centre into disused warehouses

current development on site while other proposals

Council, June 2004).

brings activity. While the public begin to feed into the public realm and the high street thrives, developers

have been accepted. The area is in a state of change and while Liverpool Vision have labelled the site as the

By pedestrianising Grafton Street and Stanhope Street,

see opportunity to build in the surrounding areas. Local

future Baltic Triangle continuation we have designed a

two key routes are enhanced and developed a high

businesses become interested and local residents find

proposal in keeping with the Baltic Triangle Framework

level of permeability for residents from all directions

employment. The creative community emerges as

and ethos.

through the site. The node created at the junction

live-work studios create opportunity for local graffiti

of these two key axis offered the main large primary

artists to display their work and teach the next

the L1/L8 area will become known as an exciting,

public space. The scheme overall proposes a series

generation. The children attending the newly built

stimulating and fun place to work, live and visit. It

of public open spaces within the site area, both of

primary school grow crops in their allotments and this

will be a mixed use area based upon community

a primary and secondary nature. The larger primary

encourages their parents to become involved with

involvement, local entrepreneurial business

public square provides a significant contribution to

the market activity. A local district is created and the

activity, creative industries and a diverse residential

the public realm for the area and the city. It should be

process continues as the community grows.

environment. The scheme will strive to achieve

integrated, animated, lively and surrounded by active

a sustainable approach both environmentally,

ground floor uses. The secondary open spaces, would

communally and economically.

act as pocket parks for residents and local employees in close proximity to them.

Design Strategy

The proposal development gradually from a

34

community perspective. The key aim was to connect

The proposal is a catalyst process. As many of the

the Lower Toxteth Residential area to the Baltic Triangle

existing warehouses are re-used and community

and furthermore into the Liverpool One. The industrial

interventions introduced the high street begins to

district caused a barrier and difficult pedestrian access

grow. The first phase of the process includes the

to key parts of the city centre. The quality of the public

introduction of small scale community developments

realm is a critical element in removing this barrier. The

in the form of a local primary school and medical

design must be sensitive to and reflect the historic

centre to serve the nearby residents, the introduction


Sustainability Strategy_______ To provide good quality, affordable and resource ef-

+ The proposal should address issues such as

ficient housing (SOC). To improve safety and reduce disorder, crime and fear of crime (SOC).

+ Materials used throughout construction must have

encouraging walking, cycling and use of public

minimal effect on the environment over their life cycle.

transport, working from home, sustainable drainage

This will include the use of reclaimed brick from the

and solar orientation.

demolished buildings and locally sourced materials. Construction waste should be minimised before,

There will be a high focus on the use and

during and after completion of the developments.

development of derelict and disused buildings.

To protect and where necessary, improve air quality

+ Improvement of the poor public realm to intensively

(ENV)

+ The individual properties should address the inclusion of facilities such as low energy fittings, dual flush toilets,

reduce the conflict between industry and residential uses.

composting and water collection bins which can all

To reduce light and noise pollution (ENV)

make a difference to the sustainability strategy of the proposal.

To encourage communities to be actively involved in local decision making and volunteering (SOC)

+ The use of deciduous trees along the public realm will act as natural solar shading to reduce solar heat gain in

To maintain high and stable levels of employment

the summer.

and reduce long-term unemployment (ECN) + The proposal will actively seek high quality as desired by government policies on the environment,

To reduce the number of vacant properties

seeking this high quality, all areas of development in

To improve the quality of, and protect, create and im-

the proposal must achieve validation by certificate

prove public and green spaces

based on Building Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method (BREEAM) for the

To reduce the need to travel and improve choice and

building’s performance.

use of sustainable transport modes

Sustainability Strategy

construction and sustainable developments. Through

3 35


Cost Plan

Cost Plan___________________ 5

36


Figures & References________ 1 By Design: Urban Design in the Planning System - Towards Better Practice, 15 May 2000, Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions, http://www. detr.gov.uk/ 2 Baltic Triangle, Planning Framework January 2008 3 Sustainability Appraisal for the Baltic Triangle Planning Framework December 2005 4 Liverpool City Council District & Local Centres Study Final Report: November 2009

Figures & References

5 Griffiths Price Book 2010

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