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7006 Urban Masterplan | Liverpool Adam Sargeant Brian Christopher Savvas Hadjimarcou


Significant buildings of the existing Creative area - Photographs.

The existing Baltic Creative industries currently occupy a basic brick & metal shed form

Camp & Furnace - Venue and eatery within existing warehouse


Contemporary Urban Centre

Derelict North Scrap yard


Lee Floorstok - Currently 30% over capacity (stat provided by Angela Sadler of LF)

Furniture hire - Looking for larger premises in the same area


Existing maps


Socio-economic context Kings Waterfront – Liverpool’s long awaited Arena and Convention Centre (ACC) is open for business, and promises to generate substantial new visitor numbers. The Kings Waterfront developments also include hotel, leisure and residential buildings. The combined effect will be a substantial pole of conferencing, tourist and business activity along the waterfront, only a short walk from the western edge of the Knowledge Quarter. The ACC will be able to host significant national and international events like party conferences, academic congresses and political summits, which offer a natural complement to the activities and facilities in the Knowledge Quarter. Nelson Street has been identified as an important linkage on the natural desire line between the King’s Waterfront and Cathedral area. Baltic Triangle and Independent District– The historic warehousing district between the Knowledge Quarter and King’s Waterfront has been the subject of a Planning Framework, setting out the area’s role and a framework for change. Included within the boundary is the emerging ‘Independent District’, which contains a cluster of ex-industrial buildings converted to flexible gallery and production space for artists and creative enterprises. The landmark Buddleia ‘Contemporary Urban Centre’ is an impressive restoration of a vast Victorian warehouse, split into a complex of cultural uses.

Index of Multiple Deprivation Liverpool’s Super Output Areas Worst 1% 2-5% 6-10%

IMD-Income

IMD-Health

IMD-Employement

11-25% 26-50% 51%

A spatial map of Liverpool’s IMD SOA’s showing clear patterns in the distribution of poverty and prosperity. Concentric rings encircle the city center, with a severely deprived inner core surrounded by steadily less deprived streets, and finally pockets of acute deprivation in the large satellite estates of social housing on the edge of the city.


Kings-Waterfront dock history

19th century was when the docks in Liverpool begun to develop. Liverpool became one of the biggest ports in the world and second in Europe with 7,5 miles of docks. The Dock was designed by Henry Berry and opened in 1875. Kings Dock primarily dealt in tobacco stored in specialized warehouses. Kings Dock was rebuilt in 1898 under the Dock Improvement Act and began to import fresh fruit from the Canary Islands, which was stored in quayside sheds. Today the South Docks are no longer used as originally. Although a regeneration program is under of process. Our aim Is to integrate the historic character and context. The new Film/TV studios will improve the culture of the area .The rich historic character of the Waterfront influenced and inspired our design for the Kings Waterfront site.

Images : www.liverpoolvision.co.uk


Liverpool’s Waterfront in 1851


Both Waterfront area and Baltic triangle are in a high observation area with historic importance. The nearest WHS areas is the Area 2: The Albert Dock conservation area and the Area 6 : Lower Duck street . The character Area 2 – Albert Dock and Wapping Dock retains its mid 19th century docks as well as many of its warehouses water spaces and associated building . The character Area 6- Lower Duke Street forms part of the Ropewalks area. This area represents an unusual survival of an area of 18th and 19th trading townscape relating to the historic docks. The following maps ( slide 6-7) shows the development opportunities within the Buffer zone , the completion of the Baltic triangle and the southern gateway Tall Buildings cluster . Baltic triangle is a historic city central area. The area was mainly a workshop and brick warehouses building handling the global trade from Liverpool’s docks during the 18 th and 19th century . From 2009 that area is experiencing a renaissance period. Baltic triangle CIC was established in 2009 and gave breath to the whole area.


Unesco world heritage conservation and buffer zones

Unesco listed buildings and landmarks


Grade I: buildings of exceptional interest (shown in red) Grade II*: particularly important buildings of more than special interest (shown in orange) Grade II: buildings of special interest, warranting every effort to preserve them (shown in yellow)


Anglican Cathedral ( GRADE II listed building)

Albert Dock ( GRADE II listed building)


Scenario Liverpool has for long been a city that has seen some of the largest films ever made using the city, or parts thereof, for the setting. Besides London, Liverpool sees more filming for movies than any other city within the UK and its setting on the River Mersey alongside the vast array of docks further enhances its aesthetic appeal for some of the largest film production companies throughout the world. As well as Liverpool being a city in film, some of the best comedians and best known actors/actresses were born there. It is most probable that Liverpool would thrive even more were it to benefit from its own purpose built filming studio. All3Media currently produce most of the UK’s Reality and Drama TV shows. Their presence in Liverpool is output by Lime Pictures who operate from Childwall, primarily producing Soap Opera Hollyoaks. According to Joseph Crawford, Graphics Designer for All3Media, the amount of land occupied by All3Media surpasses the currently used footprint that is needed to film and produce Hollyoaks. The current problem of expanding is that despite the site being in a suburb, it is primarily green belt and in close proximity to housing. Joe explained that All3Media have been looking at alternative sites throughout the city that would offer easier access to large sound studio space as well as the ability to have their own water tank facility to accommodate underwater filming.


Solution The current Baltic creative area consists primarily of three metal sheds which allow a pop up & take down programme as businesses come and go. Their ability to create is somewhat restricted by their context being somewhat grey and subdued. By linking the current creative businesses with TV & Film, it allows a full array of business to locate themselves within the new creative quarter when previously the present facilities would have prevented them from doing so. The idea of piercing the current fabric with a linear park is to reinvigorate the immediate surrounding area as well as the wider context and to ameliorate the current urban setting. Our location for the park was derived by the route of least resistance in terms of the present occupants and it was also to enable a new train station to serve the area making it more accessible to those who work and live within the locality. The linear park bridges over Wapping which in its current form is a severe psychological barrier to those wishing to explore the waterfront and dock area of the city. By bridging the main road whilst still maintaining a building edge it removes the notion of crossing a threshold therefore subconsciously you believe you are just walking through a landscaped area se


1.We decided to move the St. James street train station. The new train 6. It is a centric point where people can enjoy the new green station Is connected with the Baltic triangle and the waterfront area environment. Comfortable sittings, generous wide way pathways, huge green spaces and shrubs create a wonderful journey in the city with the new linear park. 2.Via the linear park the new train station is easily accessed by the pedestrians. 3.The new linear park is in the heart of the area and connects 4 different areas and is an important part of our master plan 4.It connects the area with the existing creative area in the Baltic triangle 5.It also opens important views to the waterfront area and connects the area with the new bridge on the strand street and the studios furthermore

7.The new linear park has criss cross circulation and a stepped water feature in the middle of the pathways which leads the people straight at the waterfront area. The shrubs in some green spaces give privacy to the sitting areas. 8.At the west entrance of the park we created a small pavilion café, it designed as to be ‘’a ground continuation’’ without breaking the parks concept and theme. The small pavilion‘s roof lawn is open to public not just for the café goers, via a sloping ramp and steps.


Integrating green- sustainable and enjoyable environments Our aim was to intergrade new green spaces through the new master plan. The new linear park , the new bridge and studios provides a physical connection to the site .The wide variety of trees , and the generous wide way for pedestrians , creates an enjoyable and sustainable environment


1. The new linear park’s pavilion is designed to be a continuation of ground , without breaking the linear park’s context ,connection and theme . The small café pavilion's roof is grassed and therefore open to the public with steps. The roof begins at the level of the park and then ascends.


2. Looking East up the linear park . The new pavilion serves the people who are coming from the waterfront in to the Baltic Triangle and vice versa. In the center of the pathways are stepped water features which extends from the new train station to the far East of the park , down to the start of the Bridge . The ideas is that the water leads you to the greater water. ( The Dock and Mersey beyond).


3. The circulation cross each other to provide the quickest routes to key locations for those who use the space as their gateway to their place or work. The seating areas are sheltered by planning to give those utilizing them an element of privacy.


4. People walking through the linear park are offered comfortable seating , generous circulation space and mass of green space for them to enjoy , whether during breaks from work of those who arrive just for pleasure. The park creates a beautiful journey for those who use it.


SHERIDAN COLLEGE PARK Sheridan College Campus Scholar’s Green Park Mississauga, ON

The objective of this park was to create a passive urban green space. The main aim of the project was to connect landscape and architecture with an innovate green space. This criss cross circulation system with the elegant pathways provides an ‘’everybodyeverywhere’’ style of movement. The design of the park allows people to move within the city and the college in a safe environment for individuals and small group of ages.

References:+images : www.archiscene.net


Hyper pavilion Pavilion precedent study

Hyper pavilion is a successful restaurant in new York . The restaurant has two floors that can accommodate 194 guests wile the angular roof is literally a 7200-square-foot wedge of grass. The roof lawn is open to public ,not just restaurant goers, via a glentysloping ramp . The lawn itself is tilted away from the busy street to minimize traffic noise and create , as the press release puts it , ‘’ a bucolic urbanism’’. But the interior is no slouch either . Parabolic roof encloses a 1000 square foot kitchen and a seating area with great views of the street and Lincoln center.


CONNECTING NEIGHBOURING COMMUNITIES TO THE SITE AND THE CITY The new linear park connects four different part of the areas, linking local communities in the city and seems to be an important part of our master plan.

INTERGRATING GREEN-SUSTAINABLE AND ENJOYABLE ENVRIONMENTS The plan looks to intergrade new green spaces through the linear park in a wide variety of crossings and pathways. The Stepped water feature, the wide variety of trees and flowers creates an enjoyable and sustainable environment


CONNECTING AREA WITH THE CITY CENTRE-MAIN PROPOSALS. The new linear park open views to the waterfront area and also connects the area with the new bridge on the Strand Street and the new studios.

PEDESTRIAN FRIENDLY ENVIRONMENT-SUSTAINABLE AND SOCIAL MOVEMENT Pedestrian access across Greenland, Parliament , New bird, St. James Street . New super crossings encourage pedestrian movement . The traffic of the nearest roads reduced and pedestrian comfort is generally our priority.


CONNECTING PEOPLE AND IDEAS-THE INNOVATION LANDSCAPE The new linear park is also a place for meetings , festivals, events. A place where people can communicate, love, enjoy relax.

THE HEART OF THE AREA The new linear park as it said connects the whole area. It is now a new centric point where people can enjoy the environment, walk, eat, at the new pavilion cafĂŠ/restaurant and travel by the new train station.


HARD SURFACE- PUBLIC SPACE

SOFT SURFACE PUBLIC SPACE


ROADS , CROSSINGS AND PATHWAYS

BUILT FABRIC


Pedestrian routes The linear park is connected with the new wide way pathways with rows of trees and grass. These pathways across Wapping ( Strand Street ) connect the park area with the new TV and film studios at the waterfront area


As a group when deciding the focus for the masterplan, a number of factors were taken into account. However, the speech given by Joe Anderson at the Liverpool Knowledge Festival, gave an early pointer to the track that we could follow. – “Where there is a perfect environment for smart thinking to thrive and smart solutions to be delivered. Complementing the city’s cluster of innovation and invention is another element to our knowledge offer - our strong and vibrant digital & creative sector in the Ropewalks and Baltic areas of the city. We have real strengths in areas such as games development, music, and digital media from the likes of Sound City, Lucid Games, Uniform and Milky Tea. The Baltic Triangle is home to a powerful, exciting and growing cluster with a dynamic mix of startup, early stage and existing businesses about to be augmented with the arrival of North Liverpool Academy's Studio School. This, together with the established group of creative businesses in Ropewalks. We need to be better at shouting about it too. The more we talk up what we have, the more creative & digital companies will want to be part of an evolving ecology, which will in turn drive up the offer of our homegrown companies. And this will also help to keep our graduates here. We want the UK and the world to be talking about Liverpool in the same way they talk about the Shoreditch/Silicon roundabout. People need to think of Liverpool as a creative & digital city at the forefront of technological change. An international digital company looking to relocate to the UK should be thinking of Liverpool first because of the strength of the supply chain, existing skills, our creative DNA, our links to schools and universities and to commercial markets. We will continue to support the growth of areas where we have strength, like games technology as this area moves towards different platforms, publishing and distribution models, but we also want to develop new clusters in areas such as e-Health - new solutions to help older people manage their health and lives in their own homes and communities. So, Liverpool is above all a creative city. Its ingenuity takes many forms - music, drama, art, comedy, sport, design. Less well known are other aspects of our creativity - learning, knowledge, science and innovation, digital technology, but they are as equally revolutionary.” - Liverpool Knowledge festival 26th October 2012 – Joe Anderson speech (summary) This taken is parallel with efforts made by other cities, using creative elements to boost both finances and image of their city – “For the last 30 years, the effort towards transforming industrial cities into service-oriented economies has been accompanied by a growing interest in using culture as a tool for urban regeneration. The principle of ‘arts-led’ regeneration was explored in US cities in the 1970s and early 1980s and consequently developed, with a wider cultural remit, in European cities such as Glasgow, Barcelona and Bilbao to name but a few.” - Beatriz Garcia


So, the early indicators were to combine the already creative area of the Baltic Triangle, with activities to compliment it. This is substantiated with the city council already being willing to embrace this culture for events previously. As part of the European Capital of Culture year, the council had employed the services of La Machine, a French performance art company which was adept at providing street theatre on a large scale. The princess was a mechanical spider that first appeared on the side of a soon to be demolished building by Lime Street Station. It travelled around the city centre before entering its nest, the Queensway tunnel. In 2012 the Sea Odyssey: Giant Spectacular event took place. Set around the Titanic, it featured 3 giant mechanical figures, an uncle, a girl and a dog. At a cost of £1.5m this event brought great benefit to the local economy, with the visiting people numbering 800,000 and the financial gain of £32m. The pointers to the creative industry in the baltic area and productions like Milky Tea, gave the group an impetus to think of this as the foundation for our group effort. When thinking about what direction this could take, it became apparent that one area of the creative industries that Liverpool did not have a real foothold in, was film. Although there is Lime Pictures, based in Childwall, there is a requirement for a film studio to exist and operate in the city. Liverpool has a rich heritage in film and the world’s first overhead railway, built in 1893 and closed in 1956, was featured in several films, including Terence Davies’ Of Time and the City. The world’s first tracking shot was filmed on the railway in the Lumiere brothers filming of Liverpool. Liverpool is the 2nd most filmed in city in the UK, outside of London. With Films, TV, Adverts etc all filmed here. Films like Captain America and Sherlock Holmes, amongst many others, have been filmed in the city. However, with no real studio space and post production facilities, Liverpool doesn’t harness the potential it has to offer. It does seem a pity that there is no avenue to take advantage of the respect that the city is given, by those who use it as a place to film in – ”Liverpool is an incredible city to film in. The Locations are stunning. We found nearly 100 different locations all of which look amazing…Liverpool is served well by its Film Office. Unique within the UK as part of the City Council not only do they understand filming but also the intricacies of the needs of the City.” Bekki Wray-Rogers, Producer, Utopia So, given the attraction that the city holds, with its vast wealth of Georgian and Victorian housing, the disused dock buildings and numerous other sites of appeal, it seems only natural that a film studio would be well served in the area of the creative Baltic Triangle. That then required the location for the film studio to be accommodated and it was after analysis that the site of the disused HMRC building and car park would be the best site for it.


A Film Studio and Its Components


Stages

Facility type: Large Stages H Length: 250 ft (76.20 m) Width: 120 ft (36.58 m) Height: 45 ft (13.72 m) Area: 30,000 sq ft (2,787 sq m)

Facility type: Large Stages A Length: 150 ft (45.72 m) Width: 120 ft (36.58 m) Height: 40 ft (12.19 m) Area: 18,000 sq ft (1,672 sq m)


Facility type: Large Stages C Length: 150 ft (45.72 m) Width: 120 ft (36.58 m) Height: 40 ft (12.19 m) Area: 18,000 sq ft (1,672 sq m)

Facility type: Large Stages J Length: 150 ft (45.72 m) Width: 100 ft (30.48 m) Height: 40 ft (12.19 m) Area: 15,000 sq ft (1,394 sq m)


Facility type: Large Stages B Length: 120 ft (36.58 m) Width: 100 ft (30.48 m) Height: 35 ft (10.67 m) Area: 12,000 sq ft (1,115 sq m)

Facility type: Large Stages D Length: 120 ft (36.58 m) Width: 100 ft (30.48 m) Height: 35 ft (10.67 m) Area: 12,000 sq ft (1,115 sq m)


Facility type: Large Stages K Length: 120 ft (36.58 m) Width: 100 ft (30.48 m) Height: 40 ft (12.19 m) Area: 12,000 sq ft (1,115 sq m)

Facility type: Medium Stages W Length: 80 ft (24.38 m) Width: 130 ft (39.62 m) Height: 34 ft (10.36 m) Area: 10,400 sq ft (966 sq m)


Facility type: Medium Stages R Length: 120 ft (36.58 m) Width: 85 ft (25.91 m) Height: 45 ft (13.72 m) Area: 10,200 sq ft (948 sq m)

Facility type: Medium Stages S Length: 100 ft (30.48 m) Width: 100 ft (30.48 m) Height: 45 ft (13.72 m) Area: 10,000 sq ft (929 sq m)


Facility type: Medium Stages L Length: 100 ft (30.48 m) Width: 68 ft (20.73 m) Height: 27 ft (8.23 m) Area: 6,800 sq ft (632 sq m)

Facility type: Medium Stages G Length: 94 ft (28.65 m) Width: 72 ft (21.95 m) Height: 23 ft (7.01 m) Area: 6,768 sq ft (629 sq m)


Facility type: Small Stages E Length: 72 ft (21.95 m) Width: 44 ft (13.41 m) Height: 23 ft (7.01 m) Area: 3,168 sq ft (294 sq m)

Facility type: Small Stages F Length: 72 ft (21.95 m) Width: 44 ft (13.41 m) Height: 23 ft (7.01 m) Area: 3,168 sq ft (294 sq m)

Facility type: Small Stages T Length: 41 ft (12.50 m) Width: 66 ft (20.12 m) Height: 25 ft (7.62 m) Area: 2,700 sq ft (251 sq m)


Stages - Water Filming


Office Space


Dining Space


Art Department


Actors Dressing Rooms


Make-up Department


Offices


Workshops Ranging from 1,000 to 12,000 sq ft, workshops cater for any size production. Whether plastering, carpentry, sfx, props, poly sculpturing, paint or steel work.


Workshops


Storage/Utility


Data Storage/Transfer

The explosion in tapeless workflow has led to an ever-increasing reliance on network performance to ensure the global workflows used in many aspects of production and post-production succeed.


street view to arena


street view to waterfront


view across quayside to film studio


film studio section


Pedestrian Movement

Traffic Movement

New Train Station


Sketches and ideas


Sketches and ideas


Sketches and ideas


Environmental studies – Sustainable planning and urban development In our master plan , sustainability has been an important parameter. Sustainability and in our case sustainable urban planning , or sustainable communities has played a key design role

The purpose of the master plan is to propose an urban development that will promote prosperity , work for people , easy access and functional spaces and avoidance of chaotic jungles.


The proposed linear park , clearly defines a green zone separating spaces but also connecting spaces in the right way. People and their experience was our incentive for including this park.

The proposed new buildings and functions make the space a pleasant urban neighborhood an work place. We tried to use with the best possible was the valuable land for people to access , enjoy and work.


Factors like ecology and climate change were also taken into account. All the new buildings will be highly sustainable. This includes maximizing daylight , minimizing energy consumption , through smart management system and using water saving features. Also grey water management and use of active measure like PV solar panels.

Grey water management system

Photovoltaic panels will be used on the roofs of the new buildings

Electricity supply and PV panels


Public spaces are designed to be highly sustainable as well. LED public lighting using of recycled materials and minimizing life cost expenses to reduce the carbon footprint of the development. The area will include a smart grid to aid towards less electricity consumption by raising the awareness of people of the electricity they consume every day.

LED public lighting for the public spaces

The development we propose will have the following sustainable features apart from the socio-economical and cultural approach:

1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8)

Urban grid optimization Energy efficient public lighting Energy efficient buildings Renewable energy generation Climate change consciousness Sustainable Storm Water management Waste water management Pedestrian Network


Rain Water harvesting is achieved by collecting the rain water and storing in underground tanks to be reused for irrigation ,toilet flashing and washing. Since rain water from streets and paved areas can be polluted , only roof surfaces should be connected to the rainwater harvesting system

New wider way pedestrian Network .

Storm water management system example. ( www.uiweb.vidaho.edu )


New pedestrian networks with plenty of green space.


LOCAL PLANNING POLICIES


LOCAL PLANNING POLICIES- BALTIC TRIANGLE • The UDP was adopted as the statutory development for the city in November 2002. • Baltic Triangle in UDP is intetified as Primarily Industrial Area under policy E1 E1 Policy Aims: • To ensure a reserve of land , suitable for development for industrial and business •

Policy E1 states that within primarily industrial areas, planning permission will be granted for industrial/business use and smallscale ancillary uses only

• Despite this allocation, however, the framework calls for a more flexible approach for the Baltic Triangle in order to facilitate comprehensive regeneration of the area and maximize the potential contribution to the growth of the city center. • relevance and promote a mixed-use redevelopment within this area. GEN 1 Policy • Liverpool City Centre as a priority for regenerating the City’s economy • It encourages small-scale economic development in appropriate locations throughout the City and promotes the principle of mixed used development. GEN 3 Policy • heritage and design in the built environment. • Although only three buildings within the Baltic Triangle are formally listed, there are several others that are considered to be of significant historical significance and any alterations or new developments should therefore be sensitive to them.


GEN 4 Policy • To provide a good quality living environment and encourages the residential market to grow within the city center, in accordance with wider regeneration aims.

Policy EP1 • Vacant, derelict and neglected land promotes the reclamation of derelict land and the restoration of neglected land, encouraging development on these sites, particularly where it would make to achieving the aims of urban regeneration.


National Planning Policy Framework 1)

Presumption in favour of sustainable development (the presumption)

The presumption means that where local plans are not up-to-date, or not a clear basis for decisions, development should be allowed.

The presumption also means that where development is in line with the local plan, it should be allowed without delay.

The presumption will encourage plan-making by councils and communities, giving them a greater say in how they meet their development needs. It will also give communities, developers and investors more certainty about the types of applications that are likely to be approved. This will help to speed up the planning process. A) Local plans , health and well being  Local councils should work closely with the community and business to identify and plan for the needs of the area.  Local councils should work with public health bodies to understand the health of the local community, including how the community might change in the future. Local councils and health bodies should understand anything that stops gains in health and well-being. B) Duty to Co-operate   C)

The Duty means that local councils should to work together, with other public bodies, on planning issues that impact beyond local. Boundaries. It is important for councils and other public bodies to work together across boundaries, to plan for the housing, transport and infrastructure that local people need. Neighbourhood planning

With a neighbourhood development order, the community can grant planning permission for new buildings they want to see go ahead.

Neighbourhood development orders will allow new homes and offices to be built without the developers having to apply for separate planning permission.


2)

Promoting sustainable growth and prosperity

A)

Economic growth

 

Local councils should aim to meet the needs of business, the town centres and rural business and raise quality of life in rural areas. Local councils should have a clear economic strategy for their area, based on understanding business needs to support sustainable growth.

B)  

Town centres Local councils to support the city centres. new shops and leisure developments should look for sites in town centres first.

C) Sustainable transport

   

The main aim is to cut down pollution and traffic jams . easy for people to use public transport good public transport links, with priority given to cyclists and people on foot. Important local facilities, such as schools and shops, should be within walking distance of most new properties where possible.

D) Communications infrastructure  Sensitive growth of the telecommunicating industry , to the local areas.

E) Minerals  The Government’s aim is to ensure we get enough minerals from our country to have the steady supply needed to support sustainable growth. But in doing so we must limit impacts on the natural and local environment.


3)

Planning for strong, vibrant and healthy communities

A)

Housing

    

councils should ensure their local plan meets the needs for market and affordable housing in their areas. local plans should identify sites or broad areas to allow 15 years housing growth where possible. In rural areas local councils should plan housing to meet local requirements Local councils should consider if allowing some market housing would help provide more affordable houses for local people. Housing should not be built in places far away from local services.

B)

Design

  

The planning system should promote good design for all development, including traveller sites Local Plans and neighbourhood plans should set out design standards for new developments. Developers will be expected to work closely with people affected by their proposals. Their designs should take account of the views of the community.

4)

Sustainable communities

   

The aim is strong , vibrant and healthy communities. Good quality buildings in their area. Good local services Local councils should plan to provide community facilities, such as local shops, meeting places, public houses and places of worship.

A)  a) b) c) d) e)

Green space designation Green space land must be protected because is important to local life : For its natural beauty Important history Important for sport and entertainment Tranquil or calming Rich in wildlife


B)

Green Belt

  

All inappropriate development harmful to Green Belt is not allowed Green belt can be better by having walking paths , more wildlife and plants and by making the land look better this land can only be used for new development if the local plan allows it.

5)

Looking after the environment and making it better

A)

Climate change

   

Low carbon by choosing good locations and layouts for new development Support for better energy efficiency in existing building . Backing the delivery of renewable and low carbon energy , including community-led schemes. local councils should make sure that new housing estates are not at risk of flooding.

B)

Access to the coast

 

the Government not only wants to protect our great coastline, but also to ensure people can get to it New development should not get in the way of a non-stop, signed and managed route around the coast, for all to enjoy.

C)

The natural environment

Protection is needed for : -Areas of countryside of special quality and beauty called “Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty”. -National Parks. -Areas of countryside that are the very best sites for wild creatures and plants called “Sites of Special Scientific Interest”. -And other special environmental areas which protect the character of our country's landscape, and preserve wildlife.

D)

Biodiversity – different kinds of countryside, wildlife and plants

 

the planning system should try not just to protect, but, where possible, improve biodiversity Planning permission should not be given for development 9resulting in loss or damage to irreplaceable habitats, including ancient Woodland


E) Noise and light pollution try to avoid too much noise pollution from new developments, and to protect tranquil areas prized for their peace and quiet. By encouraging good design, planning decisions should limit the affect of light pollution

F)

    

Historic environment

protections for old buildings and monuments (these are called heritage assets). Development causing substantial harm or loss to an important heritage asset is not allowed, unless in wholly exceptional circumstances. protections should be given to unofficial sites of archaeological interest, if it can be shown they are of substantial significance. Local councils are encouraged to show how they will protect and improve heritage assets most at risk of being lost, for communities to enjoy. Councils should have up to date evidence about the historic environment in their areas, and use it to weigh up the significance of heritage assets and how they contribute to the local area.

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