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JAPAN- MALAYSIA SYMPOSIUM ON SUSTAINABLE CITIES IN ASIA 22 JANUARY 2013

TRANSFORMATION OF A CITY IN A GARDEN INTO A SUSTAINABLE LOW CARBON GREEN CITY THE EXPERIENCE OF PUTRAJAYA

Azhar Othman Principal Assistant Director of City Planning Department, Perbadanan Putrajaya


Outline of Presentation Part I: Overview of Planning & Development of Putrajaya -

Background of Putrajaya Chronology of events The Putrajaya Master plan Basic facts and figures Development Progress

Part II: Turning Putrajaya Into A Sustainable Low Carbon Green City -

Background of Green Initiatives Focus areas Statutory and non-statutory measures Challenges Expectation to CASBEE and collaboration with Japanese group - Conclusion


Background of Putrajaya  Putrajaya is the new Federal Government Administrative Centre of Malaysia.  Its development strategy were originally based on 2 underlying concepts:  City-in-a-Garden: integrates with natural elements & environment (sustainable development)  Intelligent city: incorporates high technology features in developing & managing the city Based on those concepts, a master plan was drawn up and approved for implementation in 1995.


Chronology Events June 1993 :

The Malaysian Government decided to move from Kuala Lumpur to Putrajaya

April 1994 :

Conceptual Scheme based on the Garden City Concept was approved by the Government

February 1995 :

Putrajaya Master Plan approved by the Government

August 1995 :

Official ground breaking for the Putrajaya Project by the Prime Minister

October 1996 :

First Construction Commenced

June 1999 :

The Prime Minister of Malaysia moved to Putrajaya

At present :

19 Ministries & more than 50 Departments / Agencies moved to Putrajaya


The Putrajaya Master Plan Main features of the Putrajaya Master Plan :  Almost 40% of the city area designated as open space, includes :  400 hectares of a man-made lake and  200 hectares of wetlands, created to bring in nature and enhance urban bio-diversity.

 City divided into 20 precincts; with central business district, located on an ‘island’ surrounded by the lake  Residential precincts at the peripheral are planned on a neighbourhood planning concept

LAND USE GOVERNMENT USE

% 4.57

RESIDENTIAL

14.42

COMMERCIAL

2.83

MIXED USE

0.83

SPECIAL USE

2.80

SERVICE INDUSTRY

0.23

PUBLIC AMENITY

6.98

PARKS & OPEN SPACE INFRA & UTILITY ROAD

39.15 9.79 18.40


Basic facts and figures City area

4,931 ha.

Planned Population

320,000

Daytime Population

500,000

Office space

Government: 3.8 million m2 Commercial: 3.4 million m2

Residential

63,600 units (55% for civil servant ) (32% for general public) (13% for low income group)


Progress of development Resident Population :

79,400 population (National Statistic Dept, 2012)

Govt. Office Workers :

61,331 workers*

Government Office :

2.3 million sq.m. (completed) 148,019 sq.m. (under construction)

Commercial Space :

499,000 sq.m. (completed) 191,000 sq.m. (under construction)

Residential Units

26,854 units (completed) 1,243 units (under construction)

:

Note: - *estimation - Status as of Dec 2012


Turning Putrajaya Into A Sustainable Low Carbon Green City


Background of Putrajaya as a green city  24 July 2009 : National Green Technology Policy  23 October 2009 : In tabling the 2010 Malaysian Budget, the Prime Minister announced to “develop Putrajaya and Cyberjaya as pioneer township in Green Technology as a showcase for the development of other townships” .  20 November 2009 : National Climate Change Policy  17 November 2009 : At the Copenhagen COP15, Malaysia has made a conditional commitment of a reduction of carbon emission intensity of Malaysian GDP, of up to 40% by 2020 from a 2005 baseline.

Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib Tun Abdul Razak


Focus Areas


Structure Plan : Sustainable Putrajaya 2025

a statutory plan prepared under Act 712 has incorporated a vision, directions and policies that will set the path towards transforming Putrajaya from a garden city into a green city


The Perbadanan Putrajaya Strategic Plan 2012-2015

incorporated 2 strategic objectives, the promotion of the use of green technology and to increase green practices as PPj’s strategic directions towards becoming a green city.


Putrajaya Green City 2025 (PGC2025): Baseline and preliminary study • The study is a joint effort carried out by PPj with the kind assistance of UTM and a group of expert from Kyoto University, Okayama University & NIES of Japan. The study has calculated CO2 emission baseline for Putrajaya for base year 2007 and the emission level for the ‘business as usual case’ (BaU) for 2025. In order to reduce the emission level by 2025, the quantitative environmental targets are outlined in three themes:  Low Carbon Putrajaya : 60% reduction in CO2 emission intensity compared to year 2007 level,  Cooler Putrajaya : reduction of peak temperature by 2oC and  3R Putrajaya : 50% reduction in final disposal of solid waste to landfill & GHG emission compared to 2025 (BaU),

• PGC2025 study has recommended 12 broad actions for Putrajaya to focus upon in order to achieve the targets.


Putrajaya Green City 2025 (PGC2025): Baseline and preliminary study •

Cooperation between PPj, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Kyoto University, Okayama University, National Institute of Environmental Studies (NIES) & Malaysia Green Technology Corporation (MGTC).

3 main topics:  Low carbon Putrajaya: reduce CO2 emission intensity by 60%.  Cooler Putrajaya: reduce peak temperature by 2 degree Celcius  3R Putrajaya: reduce final disposal of solid waste & CO2 per waste generation by 50%

Low-carbon Putrajaya

Cooler Putrajaya

CO2 emission

-2℃

-60%

3R Putrajaya Final disposal & GHG emission

–50%


PGC2025 • GHG emission per capita 0

50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 250,000 300,000 350,000 400,000

1995 Population 2005

2015

2025

Year

2035

13tCO2eq/capita (2007)

12tCO2eq/capita (2025BaU) 5tCO2eq/capita (2025CM)


Putrajaya Green City Action Plan • Based on PGC202, KeTTHA has assisted PPj in the preparation of the Putrajaya Green City Action Plan in which the 12 broad actions/countermeasures identified are detailed out into implementation programmes and initiatives through 4 roadmaps which include;  building and energy,  urban transportation,  waste management and  urban environment. • The action plan now is being finalised.


Challenges toward going green •

• • • • •

Conscious effort in the change of lifestyle , involvement of all members of the community : LA21 & involving business community Stakeholders commitment in being green : Walking the Talk Inter ministerial/ government agencies’ commitment in implementation of programmes /initiatives Leadership through green example: Champions of green initiatives at all level Continuous data collection to monitor achievement of CO2 reduction targets The promotion of use of green technology seen as business opportunities rather than real solution towards going green. Continuous support (financial included) is required to ensure that pilot projects are monitored and success story to be shared (talking the walk) and replicated elsewhere


Expectations • Continuous support in systematic data collection especially on the economic aspects (industrial vitality, economic exchanges, financial viability) as well as social aspect (social vitality) for a city /local region • CASBEE for cities has the potential to be incorporated / adapted into MURNInets. • The ability of LPAs in data collection, assessing BaU scenarios (BaU of Q) & future assessment of Q has to be tremendously improved before implementing CASBEE for cities in Malaysia • The assessment be extended further at the initial stage to include main cities in GKV area and may extend to other state capitals/ major cities in Malaysia before adopting /adapting nation wide


Conclusion • Putrajaya as a planned city has all the prerequisites to become a sustainable low carbon green city by 2025 • The Putrajaya Master Plan and the series of master plans used since the beginning has set a concrete foundation for Putrajaya towards this. The statutory plan, the Putrajaya Structure Plan & local plans with the

Putrajaya Green City Action Plan will set the path towards achieving the aim of Putrajaya as a sustainable low carbon green city • All parties, including government agencies at all level, private sector and

NGOs as well as various stakeholders including the community has a role to play towards realizing this vision. • CASBEE for cities has the potential to be incorporated into MURNInets

with adaptation to suit local conditions before adoption nationwide


THANK YOU

PGC2025 www.ppj.gov.my www.putrajaya.gov.my

Transformation Of A City In A Garden Into A Sustainable Low Carbon Green City  

by Azhar Othman at Japan - Malaysia Symposium on Sustainable Cities In Asia, 22 January 2013 at Berjaya Times Square Hotel, KL

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