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International Planning and Social Urbanism in Malaysia World Town Planning Day Conference, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Friday 7 November 2014

Part 1: Planning Systems Worldwide Richard Summers BA(Hons) MRTPI Past Chairman, International Committee, Royal Town Planning Institute (RTPI), 2012 to 2013 Past President, Royal Town Planning Institute, 2011 Principal, Spatial St Edmunds spatial planning and economic development


International Planning and Social Urbanism in Malaysia Part 1: Planning Systems Worldwide

1: Overview Sharing British and international experience to help develop “social urbanism” in Malaysia    

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Introduction – what is “social urbanism” ? The Worldwide Value of Planning Planning Systems Worldwide RTPI International Activities World Town Planning Day – Equality in the City Making Cities Socially Cohesive – for People Making Cities Socially Cohesive – for Communities Conclusions


Part 1: Planning Systems Worldwide

2: Introduction The RTPI and World Town Planning Day 

The RTPI is celebrating its Centenary this year and joining World Town Planning Day around the world RTPI members have just been taking part in the World Town Planning Day “Online Conference”

The MIP World Town Planning Day 

The Malaysian Institute of Planners (MIP) and University of Malaya (UM) have hosted the WTPD “Online Conference” in Kuala Lumpur earlier this week The Federal Department of Town and Country Planning (JPBD) is hosting this conference in the run-up to its main event for World Town Planning Day next week


Part 1: Planning Systems Worldwide

3: So what is “Social Urbanism” ? “Social Urbanism” in Britain 

The term “social urbanism” is not normally used in planning in Great Britain The nearest equivalents are “spatial planning” and “sustainable development”

“Social Urbanism” in South America  

“Social urbanism” was articulated by Sergio Fajardo, Mayor of Medellín, Colombia, from 2003 to 2007 He made the radical declaration: “our most beautiful buildings must be in our poorest areas.”


Part 1: Planning Systems Worldwide

4: Worldwide Value of Planning Get your copy at … http://www.rtpi.org.uk/media/ 941852/rtpi_worldwide_value_of_ planning.pdf

continued …


Part 1: Planning Systems Worldwide

5: Worldwide Value of Planning (RTPI, 2014) Planning around the world for the public good

Global challenges for Planning looks at planning the whole picture     

Rapid urbanisation Poverty and inequality Environmental pollution Climate change Economic recession and recovery

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Promoting healthy cities Green infrastructure and public transport Good quality housing and renewable energy Engaging with local communities

continued …


Part 1: Planning Systems Worldwide

6: Worldwide Value of Planning Planning enables sustainable development 

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Planners balance competing interests in spatial plans and development projects They deliver high quality development and protect valuable built and natural environments Flexible planning systems and highly skilled planners work to improve health, well-being and quality of life Planners aim to deliver sufficient housing, jobs, facilities and transport in harmony with the environment Community engagement is vital to effective local planning which is now spreading around the world continued …


Part 1: Planning Systems Worldwide

7: Worldwide Value of Planning Planning around the world for the public good

International benefits of planning for people  

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Strengthening communities eg helping to heal divided cities Enabling economic growth eg Sydney Olympic Park (Australia) Conserving environments eg Pool Heartlands, Cornwall (UK) Encouraging place making eg Kibera, Kenya Promoting sustainable development eg Vienna, Austria Involving local communities eg Choma, Zambia Providing for infrastructure eg Yakutsk, Siberia


Part 1: Planning Systems Worldwide

8: Improving Local Communities Integrated Development Programmes in Zambia


Part 1: Planning Systems Worldwide

9: Planning Systems Worldwide British Planning System 

Development plans and development management within national planning policy and guidance Statutory processes linking professional, individual, community and political inputs nationally and locally

Commonwealth Planning Systems  

Based on the British 1947 Town & Country Planning Act adopted across the former British Colonies Served Commonwealth countries well but not all were updated with British planning updates continued …


Part 1: Planning Systems Worldwide

10: Planning Reforms in England, UK Localism Act 2011 and National Planning Policy Framework 2012


Part 1: Planning Systems Worldwide

11: Planning Systems Worldwide Planning Systems in Europe 

Planning systems in many European countries are based on “urbanism” rather than “spatial planning” The European Union has introduced Pan- European spatial planning to add coherence to other strategies

Planning Systems in the United States  

USA planning system is based on zoning with land use control for sites and formulaic regulations for buildings State and Federal Governments set wider strategies supported by funding programs to guide development


Part 1: Planning Systems Worldwide

12: RTPI International Purpose  

The purpose of the RTPI is to promote the science and art of town planning in the public interest Our international mission is to play our part in achieving a more sustainable world

Activities  

We work with the Global Planners Network and others to promote the worldwide value of planning We are committed to building local planning capacity, advocacy, communication and networking continued …


Part 1: Planning Systems Worldwide

13: International Work RTPI International Committee  

Mix of RTPI members, officers and external advisers Mission: playing our part in achieving a more sustainable world through spatial planning and through capacity building particularly in developing countries

RTPI International Policy and Research Officer  

Supports the International Committee and liaises with international partners and other directorates Promotes RTPI international work, research and best practice and assists RTPI members abroad continued …


Part 1: Planning Systems Worldwide

14: International Linkages International Planning Organisations 

We work with international partners including …  Global Planners Network (GPN)  Commonwealth Association of Planners (CAP)  European Council of Planners (ECTP-CEU)  Other Planning Institutes (eg APA, CIP, PIA)

International Planning Conferences 

We contribute to events such as …  World Urban Forum organised by UN-HABITAT  Commonwealth Heads of Government (CHOGM)  World Town Planning Day “Online Conference”


Part 1: Planning Systems Worldwide

15: The Socially Cohesive City Uniting a socially divided city ‌ Medellín, Colombia


Part 1: Planning Systems Worldwide

16: World Town Planning Day Theme: Equality in the City 

The World Town Planning Day “online conference” has focussed on “Making Cities Socially Cohesive” It took up the call of the World Urban Forum Declaration for “urban plans … that are solidly grounded in the … principles of equity, justice and human rights.”

National and International Celebrations 

The “online conference” linked national celebrations into an on-line conference of planners around the world It looked at projects with measurable improvements that engaged with all sections of the community. continued …


Part 1: Planning Systems Worldwide

17: World Town Planning Day Making Cities Socially Cohesive – for People  Making cities inclusive … by meeting the needs of marginalised groups and engaging with them  Making cities participative … by identifying and overcoming barriers to grassroots engagement  Making cities accessible … by reviewing gated communities and the privatisation of public space Online conference keynote – Bill Chandler  Planning must be culturally relevant through effective community engagement and inter-disciplinary working  It must create sustainable and equitable environments for all people and the communities they inhabit

continued …


Part 1: Planning Systems Worldwide

18: World Town Planning Day Making Cities Socially Cohesive – for Communities  Making cities knowledgeable … by using technology to increase knowledge transfer for local communities  Making cities well governed … by improving links between different levels and departments of government  Making cities well regulated … by using the law to enhance social equity and reduce social exclusion Excerpts from the online conference  Inclusive planning must give voice to local residents to enable them to improve the liveability of their local areas  Private sector priorities complicate social cohesion objectives, particularly the supply of affordable housing


Part 1: Planning Systems Worldwide

19: The Socially Cohesive City Uniting a socially divided city ‌ Derry-Londonderry, Ireland


Part 1: Planning Systems Worldwide

20: Conclusions RTPI International  

Planners enable sustainable development Planning systems apply global principles locally RTPI aims to play its part in a more sustainable world

World Town Planning Day 

Equality in the city – making cities socially cohesive … inclusive, participative, accessible, knowledgeable, well governed and well regulated

Online conference – improving community engagement And a point to ponder from HRH Prince Charles …  “We cannot have sustainable communities … and sustainable urbanisation … without planning” 


Part 1: Planning Systems Worldwide

21: RTPI Centenary Policy Futures ďƒ¨ Can you suggest some Malaysian examples ?

The RTPI is looking ahead to the next 100 years with five policy themes to ‌ 1. promote sustainable development to tackle the challenge of climate change 2. ensure a spatial dimension across public and private sectors in planning for development 3. promote economic and housing growth together with planned infrastructure 4. encourage planned urbanisation to secure equitable health and well-being 5. make decisions as locally as possible to strengthen effective governance


International Planning and Social Urbanism in Malaysia Part 1: Planning Systems Worldwide

22: Contact information 

Richard Summers, Past Chairman, RTPI International Committee RichardSummers@SpatialStEdmunds.co.uk

Marion Frederiksen, RTPI International Policy and Research Officer Marion.Frederiksen@rtpi.org.uk

RTPI Website Click on world map on front page www.rtpi.org.uk

Part 1 : Planning Systems Worldwide  

International Planning and Social Urbanism in Malaysia

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