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M/T “VSLNAME” IMO No: 9999999

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SEWAGE, BILGE WATER AND REFRIGERANT SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT PLAN

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In accordance with the requirements for ENVIRO Class Notation

ALPHA MARINE CONSULTING LTD. MARINE CONSULTANTS & SURVEYORS T: +30 210 4518717 (5 LINES), F: +30 210 4283253 mail@alphamrn.com | www.alphamrn.com


Revision

Date

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No.

TOTAL THIRTY-TWO (32) SHEETS WITH COVER (EXCL. APPENDICES) VESSEL: TITLE:

M/T “VSLNAME”

IMO NO.:

9999999

SEWAGE, BILGE WATER AND REFRIGERANT SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT PLAN

ALPHA MARINE CONSULTING LTD. MARINE CONSULTANTS & SURVEYORS T: +30 210 4518717 (5 LINES), F: +30 210 4283253 mail@alphamrn.com | www.alphamrn.com

DWG. NO.:

xxxx-SBR

REVISION NO.: DATE:

0

DD/MM/YY


M/T “VSLNAME” SEWAGE, BILGE WATER AND REFRIGERANT SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT PLAN

PAGE 3 OF 32

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PAGE SCOPE..................................................................................................................... 4

2.

GENERAL PARTICULARS ..................................................................................... 5

2.1.

GENERAL ................................................................................................................ 5

2.2.

PRINCIPAL DIMENSIONS....................................................................................... 5

3.

COMPLIANCE WITH MARPOL ANNEX IV – SEWAGE MANAGEMENT ............. 6

3.1.

SEWAGE HANDLING .............................................................................................. 6

3.2.

SEWAGE DISCHARGE AT SEA ............................................................................. 8

3.3.

SEWAGE SYSTEM PIPING DIAGRAM................................................................... 8

4.

COMPLIANCE WITH MARPOL ANNEX I – BILGE WATER MANAGEMENT....... 9

4.1.

BUNKER TANKS CLEANING .................................................................................. 9

4.2.

DISPOSAL OF OIL................................................................................................... 9

4.3.

HANDLING OF OILY MIXTURES AND SLUDGE IN THE E/R .............................. 10

4.4.

OPERATION & MAINTENANCE OF THE OILY WATER SEPARATOR (OWS) ... 20

4.5.

BILGE WATER SYSTEM PIPING DIAGRAM ........................................................ 20

5.

COMPLIANCE WITH MARPOL ANNEX VI - REFRIGERANT SYSTEM

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1.

MANAGEMENT ..................................................................................................... 21 GENERAL .............................................................................................................. 21

5.2.

CONTROL OF EMISSIONS OF SHIPBOARD OZONE DEPLETING

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5.1.

SUBSTANCES ....................................................................................................... 22 RELEVANT RECORDS ......................................................................................... 27

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APPENDIX I – RELEVANT REQUIREMENTS APPENDIX II – RELEVANT DRAWINGS / INFORMATION

ALPHA MARINE CONSULTING LTD.


M/T “VSLNAME” SEWAGE, BILGE WATER AND REFRIGERANT SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT PLAN

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1. SCOPE

The aim of the procedures contained in this Manual is to provide a proactive approach to environmental management that includes identification of sources of marine and atmospheric pollution and measures for the reduction of potential impacts onboard and ashore, in relation to sewage, bilge water and refrigerant systems.

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The Company is voluntarily committed in continually improving its environmental performance, by identifying, addressing, monitoring and controlling all aspects of its activities with significant environmental impact. This is implemented through the existing Quality, Safety and Environmental System (QSES), and supplemented by the present additional procedures. The purpose of these procedures is to assist the vessel’s Senior Officers in carrying out a full review of the ships’ environmental protection capability, in order to identify potential problems before they impact on the ships’ operation, and ensure that:

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Interaction of the shipboard activities with the environment is in accordance with the applicable mandatory rules and regulations and any additional requirements imposed for retaining the ENVIRO notation from the Classification Society. Shipboard emissions to the sea, air and land are controlled, monitored and in accordance with the Company’s policies and objectives. Operational controls and environmental procedures aiming to achieve the environmental objectives and targets set are established, maintained and monitored.

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Moreover, this Manual provides the minimum environmental protection requirements related to sewage, bilge water and refrigerant systems which must be complied with at all times.

ALPHA MARINE CONSULTING LTD.


M/T “VSLNAME” SEWAGE, BILGE WATER AND REFRIGERANT SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT PLAN

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2. GENERAL PARTICULARS

2.1.

GENERAL

Ship’s Name:

VSLNAME

Ship’s Type: Flag: IMO Number: Classification: Built by: Year Built: Complement: PRINCIPAL DIMENSIONS

Length O.A.:

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Length B.P.:

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2.2.

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Port of Registry:

Breadth (mld.):

Depth to Main Deck (mld.):

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Summer Load Draft (extr.):

ALPHA MARINE CONSULTING LTD.

9999999


M/T “VSLNAME” SEWAGE, BILGE WATER AND REFRIGERANT SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT PLAN

PAGE 6 OF 32

3. COMPLIANCE WITH MARPOL ANNEX IV – SEWAGE MANAGEMENT

Sewage must be treated and disposed of in accordance with the provisions of MARPOL, Annex IV. The vessel’s sewage discharge equipment and procedures are in full compliance with Annex IV and any applicable National requirements. The purpose of these instructions is to describe the procedures for sewage handling that must be followed. SEWAGE HANDLING

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3.1.

Sewage refers to:

Drainage and other wastes from any form of toilets and urinals.

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Drainage from medical premises via wash basins, wash tubs and scuppers.

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Drainage from spaces containing living animals.

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Other waste waters when mixed with the drainages defined above.

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The vessel is provided with a type approved sewage treatment plant examined and satisfactorily tested in accordance with IMO Resolution MEPC.159(55) to meet the operational requirements referred to in Regulation 9.1.1 of MARPOL Annex IV as modified by IMO Resolution MEPC.115(51). Reference is made to

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The discharge of sewage into the sea is prohibited except when the sewage treatment plant is in operation and the effluent does not produce visible floating solids nor cause discoloration of the surrounding water.

Master: It is his responsibility to ensure compliance with the criteria defined in Annex IV referring to the discharge of sewage into the sea.

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When the sewage is mixed with wastes or waste water having different discharge requirements, the more stringent requirement shall apply. MARPOL Annex IV, Reg. 11 stipulates the provisions for discharge of sewage into the sea. According to some National requirements, the discharge of sewage is not allowed when the vessel is in their port or within their territorial waters. In this case, National and Local regulations shall be followed. To enable pipes of reception to be connected with the vessel’s discharge pipeline, both shall be fitted with a standard discharge connection in accordance with Reg. 11. The following table summarizes the MARPOL requirements concerning discharges of sewage from vessels:

ALPHA MARINE CONSULTING LTD.


M/T “VSLNAME” SEWAGE, BILGE WATER AND REFRIGERANT SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT PLAN

PAGE 7 OF 32

REQUIREMENTS FOR SEWAGE DISCHARGE DISTANCE FROM LAND

SEWAGE NOT COMMINUTED OR DISINFECTED FROM A HOLDING TANK

12 MILES

SEWAGE COMMINUTED AND DISINFECTED FROM A HOLDING TANK

3 MILES

NO RESTRICTIONS

> 4 KNOTS

DISCHARGE POSSIBILITY / CAPACITY The sewage that has been stored in holding tanks shall not be discharged instantaneously but at a moderate rate when ship is en route. Holding tank capacity approved by the Flag State. The sewage that has been stored in holding tanks shall not be discharged instantaneously but at a moderate rate when ship is en route. Holding tank capacity approved by the Flag State.

> 4 KNOTS

NO RESTRICTIONS

The effluent shall not produce visible floating solids nor cause discoloration of the surrounding water. Holding tank capacity approved by the Flag State.

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FROM HOLDING TANK AND A SEWAGE APPROVED TREATMENT PLANT

VESSEL’S SPEED

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SEWAGE STATUS

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In accordance with Resolution MEPC.157(55) “Recommendation on Standards for the Rate of Discharge of Untreated Sewage from Ships”, the maximum permissible discharge rate is 1/200,000 (or one 200,000th part) of swept volume as follows:

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DRmax = 0.00926 x V x D x B Where: DRmax is maximum permissible discharge rate (m3/h) V is ship’s average speed (knots) over the period D is Draft (m) B is Breadth (m)

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For this vessel, the maximum permissible discharge rates are provided in the table below: DISCHARGE RATE (m3/h) SPEED (kt) 4 6 8 10 12 DRAFT (m)

ALPHA MARINE CONSULTING LTD.


M/T “VSLNAME” SEWAGE, BILGE WATER AND REFRIGERANT SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT PLAN

3.2.

PAGE 8 OF 32

SEWAGE DISCHARGE AT SEA

3.3.

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The Chief Engineer must keep records of discharge at sea and the receipts from discharges to shore facilities. Such records include: The date of discharge. Discharge start time and location. Discharge completion time and location. The quantity discharged in m3. The minimum distance from land during the discharge. The vessel’s speed during the discharge. The location and type of reception facilities. The operation of discharge shall not be commenced without permission from the Chief Engineer. Vessel’s speed and positions shall be requested from the OOBW prior to starting discharge to ensure the relevant distance from land requirements of MARPOL will not be accidentally violated. For record keeping the form EP 001 shall be used by the Chief Engineer. SEWAGE SYSTEM PIPING DIAGRAM

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Reference is made to

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M/T “VSLNAME” SEWAGE, BILGE WATER AND REFRIGERANT SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT PLAN

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4. COMPLIANCE WITH MARPOL ANNEX I – BILGE WATER MANAGEMENT

This Section provides instructions concerning: The arrangements and operation procedures for handling oily mixtures in the E/R and in the cargo space area, in accordance with the requirements of Annex I of MARPOL.

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The arrangements and procedures for handling oil sludge and bilges.

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The requirements for discharge within and outside of special areas, following the regulations of Annex I of MARPOL 73/78.

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The completion of the Oil Record Book (ORB).

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BUNKER TANKS CLEANING

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The vessel must always carry out handling of oil residues and bilge waters according to the following procedures and in line with the requirements of Annex I of MARPOL 73/78. Bilge water volume may be reduced by the use of the Oily Water Separator (OWS), discharging water with less than 15 ppm into the sea, wherever this is permitted by International and National regulations. In areas where discharge of bilge water is totally prohibited, the latter as well as any oil residues accumulated onboard will be delivered to the port reception facilities. Records of all operations, including receipts from the shore receiving companies, will be kept together with the ORB.

DISPOSAL OF OIL

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4.2.

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M/T “VSLNAME” SEWAGE, BILGE WATER AND REFRIGERANT SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT PLAN

4.3.

PAGE 10 OF 32

HANDLING OF OILY MIXTURES AND SLUDGE IN THE E/R

The purpose of these instructions is to describe the way to handle oily mixtures and sludge in the E/R, so that the requirements of Annex I, MARPOL 73/78 and National legislation are complied with. DPA: He is responsible for maintaining a database documenting each vessel’s machinery space waste quantities and capacities as reported by the vessel’s Master. Master: He is jointly responsible with the C/E to apply these instructions and avoid any illegal overboard discharges.

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C/E: It is his responsibility to adhere to the efficient application of these instructions and inform the personnel working in the E/R accordingly. He is responsible for all bilge pumping operations and these operations must never be carried out without his personal approval. Written instructions relating to bilge operations must be drawn up by the C/E. These must be posted in the E/R adjacent to the 15 ppm equipment and in the Engine Control Room and must be signed by all Engineering Officers. He is also responsible for properly maintaining the ORB.

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4.3.1. Terminology

The following terminology is used in order to describe this procedure: Oily mixtures: It is the quantity of dirty water collected in the E/R bilges.

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Sludge is resulting from the purification of fuel and lubrication oil. Waste oils: - Drain and leakage oil, which means oil resulting from drainages and leakages in machinery spaces. - Dirty oils, which means used lubricating oil.

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Sludge tank: It is the tank or tanks used for the collection of oil sludge. Waste oils tank: It is the tank or tanks used for the collection of waste oils. Holding tank for the retention of oily mixtures: It is the tank which is going to be used entirely for the retention of oily mixtures.

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Oily mixtures can be handled in two ways: - Collection of oily mixtures in the holding tank and subsequent discharge to the shore reception facilities through the standard connection. Collection and discharge is carried out by a designated bilge pump or by an independent pump used exclusively for that purpose. - Separation of oily mixtures using the OWS. The supply of equipment is carried out using its integral pump. The suction of this pump is connected directly to the bilge lines or the holding tank.

Any discharge of oily mixtures into the sea without the use of the OWS constitutes an infringement of the requirements of MARPOL.

ALPHA MARINE CONSULTING LTD.


M/T “VSLNAME” SEWAGE, BILGE WATER AND REFRIGERANT SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT PLAN

PAGE 11 OF 32

4.3.2. Bilge, sludge and slop management

ii) Emergency bilge suctions

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iii) Oil to sea interfaces management

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i) Bilge main cross-connections

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PAGE 12 OF 32

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iv) Handling of oil sludge

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vi) Separation of E/R oily mixtures using an oil filtering equipment

ALPHA MARINE CONSULTING LTD.


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M/T “VSLNAME” SEWAGE, BILGE WATER AND REFRIGERANT SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT PLAN

ALPHA MARINE CONSULTING LTD.


PAGE 14 OF 32

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M/T “VSLNAME” SEWAGE, BILGE WATER AND REFRIGERANT SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT PLAN

ALPHA MARINE CONSULTING LTD.


PAGE 15 OF 32

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M/T “VSLNAME” SEWAGE, BILGE WATER AND REFRIGERANT SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT PLAN

ALPHA MARINE CONSULTING LTD.


PAGE 16 OF 32

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M/T “VSLNAME” SEWAGE, BILGE WATER AND REFRIGERANT SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT PLAN

ALPHA MARINE CONSULTING LTD.


M/T “VSLNAME” SEWAGE, BILGE WATER AND REFRIGERANT SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT PLAN

PAGE 17 OF 32

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4.3.3. Handling of slops

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M/T “VSLNAME” SEWAGE, BILGE WATER AND REFRIGERANT SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT PLAN

PAGE 18 OF 32

4.3.4. Bilge, sludge and slop management record keeping

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ii) Tank sounding log

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i) Oil Record Books Part I and Part II

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iii) Bilge Alarm test log

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iv) Bilge and Sludge receipts

v) OCM Calibration Log

ALPHA MARINE CONSULTING LTD.


M/T “VSLNAME� SEWAGE, BILGE WATER AND REFRIGERANT SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT PLAN

PAGE 19 OF 32

vi) Engine logbook The following additional entries must be made to the Engine Room Logbook: 1. Extraordinary operations related to the Bunker and E/R F.O. and L.O. tanks: Reports of abnormally frequent draining of FO service and settling tanks and engine LO sump tanks of excessive water or other problems such as waxing, stratification, incompatibility or other contamination problems. Each entry must contain records of the problem commencement and resolving dates, the treatment followed to correct the problem and the procedures followed to handle the unburned bilge and sludge residues, oils, oily wastes, etc. produced during the treatment.

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2. Unintended / accidental release of water, F.O. and L.O. from any E/R machinery: Anytime any line or component on a fuel, lube, or waste oil system fails, including high pressure lines on diesel engines or due to an operational error, a record shall be made and a notation given as to the quantity released and an explanation given as to how the unintended released fluid was handled. Any unintended releases of quantities of water, salt, fresh, condensate or cooling shall also be recorded. .

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4.3.5. Procedures for discharge of oil and oily mixtures

ALPHA MARINE CONSULTING LTD.


M/T “VSLNAME” SEWAGE, BILGE WATER AND REFRIGERANT SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT PLAN

4.4.

PAGE 20 OF 32

OPERATION & MAINTENANCE OF THE OILY WATER SEPARATOR (OWS)

Reference is made to

4.5.

BILGE WATER SYSTEM PIPING DIAGRAM

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Reference is made to

ALPHA MARINE CONSULTING LTD.


M/T “VSLNAME” SEWAGE, BILGE WATER AND REFRIGERANT SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT PLAN

PAGE 21 OF 32

5. COMPLIANCE WITH MARPOL ANNEX VI - REFRIGERANT SYSTEM MANAGEMENT

The Company has developed a proactive approach to environmental management that includes the systematic identification and assessment of all sources of marine and atmospheric pollution and measures for the reduction of potential impacts. These sources include aerial emissions (NOx, CO2, SOx), garbage incineration exhaust, etc.

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All vessels are required to minimize pollution to the atmosphere. The scope of these procedures is to ensure that all effluents shall be within permitted levels (refer to MARPOL Annex I, II, IV, VI and National / regional limitations e.g. EU or US limits). The purpose of these instructions is to describe the procedures that must be followed for the control of aerial emissions and the limitation of air pollution. 5.1.

GENERAL

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The Company is aware of the importance, from the financial and environmental point of view, to reduce as far as possible the fuel consumption of vessels. The Engineers must closely monitor the engine exhaust by ensuring: -

Optimum burn of fuels.

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The vessel’s plant is operated to minimize emission of smoke.

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For that purpose the following must be complied with:

All internal combustion engines must be made to function, as far as possible, under a load corresponding to peak efficiency.

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Before leaving the port for a new voyage, the Master must define the speed so that unnecessary fuel consumption will be avoided.

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The C/E must monitor the performance of the main and auxiliary engines and make all necessary adjustments so as to minimize their emissions to the air.

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For each voyage, the Technical Department should calculate the fuel consumption and compare the new values with the old ones, in order to ascertain the possible need for hull cleaning.

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Soot blowing must be done prior arrival and avoided in port.

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When initially starting the main engine a watch must be kept and the E/R notified if smoke or sparks are evident.

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If an occasion arises where an unavoidable emission of dark smoke is foreseen, prior notice must be given to the Port Authorities, whenever possible.

The C/E is responsible for the proper maintenance of main engines and auxiliary machinery equipment in order to improve their performance and therefore to reduce air pollution. He is also responsible for training the E/R personnel on the proper operation and maintenance procedures for diesel engines with an output subject to MARPOL Annex VI regulations. Shipboard incinerators are also subject to this Annex.

ALPHA MARINE CONSULTING LTD.


M/T “VSLNAME� SEWAGE, BILGE WATER AND REFRIGERANT SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT PLAN

5.2.

PAGE 22 OF 32

CONTROL OF EMISSIONS OF SHIPBOARD OZONE DEPLETING SUBSTANCES

5.1.1. General The following procedures provide general guidance for handling and maintaining equipment that contain Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS), in accordance with the requirements of MARPOL Annex VI Reg. 12.

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During installation, maintenance and final disposal of equipment containing ODS, the deliberate emission of these substances to the air is strictly prohibited. ODS must be recovered and disposed to appropriate shore reception facilities for further treatment. ODS commonly encountered onboard vessels (as refrigerants or fire fighting substances) include the following: Halons 1211, 1301, 2402. CFC -11, -12, -113, -114, -115. HCFC -21, -22, -31, -122, -123.

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The use of CFCs and Halons onboard is prohibited. Halons are prohibited both for refrigerant and fire fighting applications. Use of HCFCs in existing installations is permitted until 1/1/2020. However, there are more substances subject to restriction of emissions to the atmosphere. Therefore, in case of maintenance by the shipboard personnel, if in doubt that a substance is subject to emission restrictions, the C/E must contact the Company for advice.

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Equipment containing ODS include but may not be limited to the following: Central provision refrigeration units.

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Central air conditioning systems.

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Accommodation local refrigerator and air conditioning appliances.

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During maintenance and disposal of central refrigeration and air conditioning equipment components by external workshop teams, the latter must use appropriate equipment for recovering the refrigerant. The refrigeration system should ideally be designed so that the compressor may be used for collecting the refrigerant into an existing liquid receiver. Alternatively, recovery units may be used, evacuating the refrigerant into cylinders dedicated for this purpose. When ozone depleting substances are delivered to the appropriate reception facilities, form EP 002 is to be used to record this delivery. A summary table with environmental and technical data of the most used refrigerants is presented in the following page.

ALPHA MARINE CONSULTING LTD.


M/T “VSLNAME” SEWAGE, BILGE WATER AND REFRIGERANT SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT PLAN

Refrigerant ODP ASHRAE no

GWP

Repl. For

Chemical name or composition

Group

PAGE 23 OF 32

Oils *

Boiling Point °C

Remarks

R–11

1

4000

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Production and trade ended **

R–12

0,82

8500

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Production and trade ended **

R–502

0,224

5590

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Production and trade ended **

R–22

0,049

1700

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R–401A

0,031

970

R-12

R-13B1

12

5600

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R-134a

0

1300

R-12

R-404A

0

3260

R502

R-407C

0

1525

0,048

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Near-Azeotrop with Glide 0,7 K Zeotrop, Glide 7,4 K

1290

Zeotrop, Glide 6 K

1725

Near-Azeotrop with Glide <0,2 K. Pressure approx 60% higher than R-22

R-22

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R-410A

R-22

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R-409A

Production and trade limited Phase out 2030 ** Interim replacement. Zeotrop, Glide 4,9 K Mostly used for fire fighting systems. Production and trade ended Single refrigerant. No Glide

Zeotrop. Glide 5 K

0

1770

R-507

0

3300

R502

Azeotrop

R-417A

0

1950

R-22

Zeotrop, Glide 5,6 K

R-717

0

-

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Flammable / Toxic

R-744

0

1

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Low Crit. Temp./ high pressure

R-290

0

~10

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Very flammable

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R-413A

* Min = Mineral oil, AB = Alkyl benzene, PAO = Polyalphaolefins, POE = Polyolester oil ** Applicable to None-Article-5 countries to the 1987 Montreal Protocol only

Finally, the following table summarises the current major regulations regarding CFCs and HCFCs refrigerants.

ALPHA MARINE CONSULTING LTD.


M/T “VSLNAME” SEWAGE, BILGE WATER AND REFRIGERANT SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT PLAN

Regulatory Body

Valid for

CFC

HCFC

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Consumption (HCFC’s) related to 1989 reduced to: st

1987 Montreal Protocol

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EC (Reg.) 2037/2000

Reg, Body

Service Regular surveys (IAPP cert.) Recovery system & cylinders mandatory. Used refrigerants to be delivered to appropriate waste reception facilities. Shall have recovery cylinders. Disposable cylinders not allowed. Recovery according to ARI 740. Pump capable of 500 microns. US flagged ship only: EPA certified service engineer. Recovery system & cylinders manda-tory onboard. Vacuum pump capable of reaching 730 microns. Log book mandatory. Service engineer to be STEK certified. Annual inspection. Annual survey. Logbook is mandatory. Fixed system with Elmotor > 100kW. Detection of leakage, recorded consumption figures and recovery units. Recovery system & cylinders + logbook mandatory Recovery system & cylinders + logbook mandatory Recovery system & cylinders + logbook mandatory. Fixed leak detection system reg.

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Marpol 73/78

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USA (CAA 608)

Netherlands (STEK)

Jan. 1 2004: 65% st Jan. 1 2010: 35% st Jan. 1 2015: 10% st Jan. 1 2020: 0,5% st Jan. 1 2030: phasedout st Jan. 1 2040: phasedout st Jan. 1 2004: 30% st Jan. 1 2008: 25% st Jan. 1 2010: Virgin prod. discontinued st Jan. 1 2015: phasedout Max leak

Sweden (SWEDAC)

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LRS

ABS

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ALPHA MARINE CONSULTING LTD.

Minimal releases associated with recapture and recycling of refrigerants.

A/C systems: If refr. charge > 50 lbs 15%,

Provision system: 35% (% of total refr. charge in one year)

1% of total charge annually.

2% of total charge annually. 10% of total charge annually.

10% of total charge annually. 10% of total charge annually. 10% of total charge annually.


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5.1.2. Maintenance of refrigeration and air conditioning plants

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5.1.3. Monitoring of refrigerant quantities consumed onboard

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6. RELEVANT RECORDS

Sewage discharge log

EP 002

Ozone-depleting substances – Delivery to reception facilities

EP 003

Refrigerant Leakage Detection Log

EP 004

Refrigerant Consumption Log

EP 005

Tank sounding log

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EP 001

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FORM EP 001 – SEWAGE DISCHARGE LOG

DATE OF DISCHARGE

START POSITION

COMPLETION TIME

COMPLETION POSITION

QUANTITY 3

m

MIN. DISTANCE FROM LAND

VESSEL’S SPEED

n. miles

knots

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dd/mm/yy

START TIME

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In case of discharge ashore, write the port facility name at the “Start Position” column and keep the relevant receipt in the log file

ALPHA MARINE CONSULTING LTD.

RECEPTION FACILITY LOCATION

RECEPTION FACILITY TYPE

C/E SIGNATURE


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FORM EP 002 – OZONE-DEPLETING SUBSTANCES – DELIVERY TO RECEPTION FACILITIES Port: Time:

Date:

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This is to certify, that the following Ozone-Depleting Substances have been delivered to the appropriate reception facilities, as per requirements of MARPOL 73/78- Annex VIRegulation 12(3). NO.

OZONE DEPLETING EQUIPMENT

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

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6. 7.

10. 11. 12.

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8. 9.

QUANTITY

14. 15. 16.

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17. 18.

Vessel’s Representative

Receiving Facility Representative

Name:

Name:

Signature:

Signature:

ALPHA MARINE CONSULTING LTD.


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FORM EP 003 – REFRIGERANT LEAKAGE DETECTION LOG Date:

Provision Refrigeration Unit No.1 Type of refrigerant: Inspected Component

Detected ppm

Leakage Cause

Leakage Remedy

Condenser

Piping Connections

Type of refrigerant: Inspected Component

Detected ppm

Leakage Cause

Leakage Remedy

Leakage Cause

Leakage Remedy

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Condenser

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Provision Refrigeration Unit No.2

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Vaporizer

Vaporizer

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Piping Connections

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Air Condition Unit

Type of refrigerant: Inspected Component

Detected ppm

Condenser Vaporizer

Piping Connections

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FORM EP 004 – REFRIGERANT CONSUMPTION LOG

Recovered refrigerant location onboard (3)

Refrigerant Type:

Initial System Charge (kg):

Quarter:

Refrigerant added (kg) (4)

Refrigerant Leakage to Atmosphere (kg) (4)-(3)

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Refrigerant recovered (kg) (2)

Refrigeration Unit:

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Quantity Received Onboard (kg) (5)

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If rows are not enough for all quarterly entries use additional pages. Add the leakage quantities every quarter to assess performance against the 10% of unit charge yearly allowable limit.

Stock ROB (kg) (6)

Refrigerant Disposal to Reception Facilities (kg)(7)

Comments

C/E Signature


M/T “VSLNAME” SEWAGE, BILGE WATER AND REFRIGERANT SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT PLAN

PAGE 32 OF 32

FORM EP 005 – TANK SOUNDING LOG

Date:

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Time/Watch:

Engineer’s Name: Engineer’s Signature: Date: Time/Watch:

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Warning: The soundings taken and corresponding readings are accurate to the undersigned engineer’s best belief and understanding. Deliberate falsification of the entries is subject to the penalty of perjury or dismissal from Company’s vessels.

Engineer’s Name: Engineer’s Signature:

ALPHA MARINE CONSULTING LTD.

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APPENDIX I â&#x20AC;&#x201C; RELEVANT REQUIREMENTS

No. Title MARPOL 73/78 Annex I Reg. 15-17, 34-36

2.

MARPOL 73/78 Annex IV Reg. 9-13

3.

MARPOL 73/78 Annex VI Reg. 2-3, 10-18

4.

UNEP The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer

5.

IMO Resolution MEPC.159(55) - Revised Guidelines on Implementation of Effluent Standards and Performance Tests for Sewage Treatment Plants IMO Resolution MEPC.157(55) - Recommendation on Standards for the Rate of Discharge of Untreated Sewage from Ships

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Annex I of MARPOL 73/78 Regulations for the Prevention of Pollution by Oil Chapter 3 - Requirements for Machinery Spaces of All Ships Part C - Control of Operational Discharge of Oil Regulation 15 - Control of discharge of oil

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1. Subject to the provisions of regulation 4 of this annex and paragraphs 2, 3, and 6 of this regulation, any discharge into the sea of oil or oily mixtures from ships shall be prohibited. A. Discharges outside special areas

2. Any discharge into the sea of oil or oily mixtures from ships of 400 gross tonnage and above shall be prohibited except when all the following conditions are satisfied: the ship is proceeding en route;

.2.

the oily mixture is processed through an oil filtering equipment meeting the requirements of regulation 14 of this Annex;

.3.

the oil content of the effluent without dilution does not exceed 15 parts per million;

.4.

the oily mixture does not originate from cargo pump room bilges on oil tankers; and

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the oily mixture, in case of oil tankers, is not mixed with oil cargo residues.

B. Discharges in special areas

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3. Any discharge into the sea of oil or oily mixtures from ships of 400 gross tonnage and above shall be prohibited except when all of the following conditions are satisfied: the ship is proceeding en route;

.2.

the oily mixture is processed through an oil filtering equipment meeting the requirements of regulation 14.7 of this Annex;

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the oil content of the effluent without dilution does not exceed 15 parts per million;

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the oily mixture does not originate from cargo pump room bilges on oil tankers; and

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the oily mixture, in case of oil tankers, is not mixed with oil cargo residues.

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4. In respect of the Antarctic area, any discharge into the sea of oil or oily mixtures from any ship shall be prohibited. 5. Nothing in this regulation shall prohibit a ship on a voyage only part of which is in a special area from discharging outside a special area in accordance with paragraphs 2 of this regulation.


C. Requirements for ships of less than 400 gross tonnage in all areas except the Antarctic area 6. In the case of a ship of less than 400 gross tonnage, oil and all oily mixtures shall either be retained on board for subsequent discharge to reception facilities or discharged into the sea in accordance with the following provisions: the ship is proceeding en route;

.2.

the ship has in operation equipment of a design approved by the Administration that ensures that the oil content of the effluent without dilution does not exceed 15 parts per million;

.3.

the oily mixture does not originate from cargo pump room bilges on oil tankers; and

.4.

the oily mixture, in case of oil tankers, is not mixed with oil cargo residues.

D. General requirements

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7. Whenever visible traces of oil are observed on or below the surface of the water in the immediate vicinity of a ship or its wake, Governments of Parties to the present Convention should, to the extent they are reasonably able to do so, promptly investigate the facts bearing on the issue of whether there has been a violation of the provisions of this regulation. The investigation should include, in particular, the wind and sea conditions, the track and speed of the ship, other possible sources of the visible traces in the vicinity, and any relevant oil discharge records.

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8. No discharge into the sea shall contain chemicals or other substances in quantities or concentrations which are hazardous to the marine environment or chemicals or other substances introduced for the purpose of circumventing the conditions of discharge specified in this regulation.

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9. The oil residues which cannot be discharged into the sea in compliance with this regulation shall be retained on board for subsequent discharge to reception facilities. Regulation 16 - Segregation of oil and water ballast and carriage of oil in forepeak tanks

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1. Except as provided in paragraph 2 of this regulation, in ships delivered after 31 December 1979, as defined in regulation 1.28.2, of 4,000 gross tonnage and above other than oil tankers, and in oil tankers delivered after 31 December 1979, as defined in regulation 1.28.2, of 150 gross tonnage and above, no ballast water shall be carried in any oil fuel tank. 2. Where the need to carry large quantities of oil fuel render it necessary to carry ballast water which is not a clean ballast in any oil fuel tank, such ballast water shall be discharged to reception facilities or into the sea in compliance with regulation 15 of this Annex using the equipment specified in regulation 14.2 of this Annex, and an entry shall be made in the Oil Record Book to this effect. 3. In a ship of 400 gross tonnage and above, for which the building contract is placed after 1 January 1982 or, in the absence of a building contract, the keel of which is laid or which is at a similar stage of construction after 1 July 1982, oil shall not be carried in a forepeak tank or a tank forward of the collision bulkhead.


4. All ships other than those subject to paragraphs 1 and 3 of this regulation shall comply with the provisions of those paragraphs as far as is reasonable and practicable. Regulation 17 - Oil Record Book, Part I - Machinery space operations 1. Every oil tanker of 150 gross tonnage and above and every ship of 400 gross tonnage and above other than an oil tanker shall be provided with an Oil Record Book Part I (Machinery Space Operations). The Oil Record Book, whether as a part of the shipâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s official log-book or otherwise, shall be in the Form specified in appendix III to this Annex.

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2. The Oil Record Book Part I shall be completed on each occasion, on a tank-to-tank basis if appropriate, whenever any of the following machinery space operations takes place in the ship: ballasting or cleaning of oil fuel tanks;

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discharge of dirty ballast or cleaning water from oil fuel tanks;

.3.

collection and disposal of oil residues (sludge and other oil residues);

.4.

discharge overboard or disposal otherwise of bilge water which has accumulated in machinery spaces; and

.5.

bunkering of fuel or bulk lubricating oil.

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3. In the event of such discharge of oil or oily mixture as is referred to in regulation 4 of this Annex or in the event of accidental or other exceptional discharge of oil not excepted by that regulation, a statement shall be made in the Oil Record Book Part I of the circumstances of, and the reasons for, the discharge.

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4. Each operation described in paragraph 2 of this regulation shall be fully recorded without delay in the Oil Record Book Part I, so that all entries in the book appropriate to that operation are completed. Each completed operation shall be signed by the officer or officers in charge of the operations concerned and each completed page shall be signed by the master of ship. The entries in the Oil Record Book Part I, for ships holding an International Oil Pollution Prevention Certificate, shall be at least in English, French or Spanish. Where entries in an official national language of the State whose flag the ship is entitled to fly are also used, this shall prevail in case of a dispute or discrepancy. 5. Any failure of the oil filtering equipment shall be recorded in the Oil Record Book Part I.

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6. The Oil Record Book Part I, shall be kept in such a place as to be readily available for inspection at all reasonable times and, except in the case of unmanned ships under tow, shall be kept on board the ship. It shall be preserved for a period of three years after the last entry has been made. 7. The competent authority of the Government of a Party to the present Convention may inspect the Oil Record Book Part I on board any ship to which this Annex applies while the ship is in its port or offshore terminals and may make a copy of any entry in that book and may require the master of the ship to certify that the copy is a true copy of such entry. Any copy so made which has been certified by the master of the ship as a true copy of an entry in the shipâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Oil Record Book Part I shall be made admissible in any judicial proceedings as evidence of the facts stated in the entry. The inspection of an Oil Record Book Part I and the taking of a certified copy by the competent authority under this paragraph shall be performed as expeditiously as possible without causing the ship to be unduly delayed.


Chapter 4 - Requirements for the Cargo Area of Oil Tankers Part C - Control of Operational Discharges of Oil Regulation 34 - Control of discharge of oil A. Discharges outside special areas 1. Subject to the provisions of regulation 4 of this Annex and paragraph 2 of this regulation, any discharge into the sea of oil or oily mixtures from the cargo area of an oil tanker, shall be prohibited except when all the following conditions are satisfied: the tanker is not within a special area;

.2.

the tanker is more than 50 nautical miles from the nearest land;

.3.

the tanker is proceeding en route;

.4.

the instantaneous rate of discharge of oil content does not exceed 30 litres per nautical mile;

.5.

the total quantity of oil discharged into the sea does not exceed for tankers delivered on or before 31 December 1979, as defined in regulation 1.28.1, 1/15,000 of the total quantity of the particular cargo of which the residue formed a part, and for tankers delivered after 31 December 1979, as defined in regulation 1.28.2, 1/30,000 of the total quantity of the particular cargo of which the residue formed a part; and

.6.

the tanker has in operation an oil discharge monitoring and control system and a slop tank arrangement as required by regulations 29 and 31 of this Annex.

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2. The provisions of paragraph 1 of this regulation shall not apply to the discharge of clean or segregated ballast.

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B. Discharges in special areas 3. Subject to the provisions of paragraph 4 of this regulation, any discharge into the sea of oil or oily mixture from the cargo area of an oil tanker shall be prohibited while in a special area. 4. The provisions of paragraph 3 of this regulation shall not apply to the discharge of clean or segregated ballast. 5. Nothing in this regulation shall prohibit a ship on a voyage only part of which is in a special area from discharging outside the special area in accordance with paragraph 1 of this regulation. C. Requirements for oil tankers of less than 150 gross tonnage 6. The requirements of regulations 29, 31 and 32 of this Annex shall not apply to oil tankers of less than 150 gross tonnage, for which the control of discharge of oil under this regulation shall be effected by the retention of oil on board with subsequent discharge of all contaminated washings to reception facilities. The total quantity of oil and water used for washing and returned to a storage tank shall be discharged to reception facilities unless adequate arrangements are made to ensure that any effluent which is allowed to be discharged into the sea is effectively monitored to ensure that the provisions of this regulation are complied with.


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D. General requirements 7. Whenever visible traces of oil are observed on or below the surface of the water in the immediate vicinity of a ship or its wake, the Governments of Parties to the present Convention should, to the extent they are reasonably able to do so, promptly investigate the facts bearing on the issue of whether there has been a violation of the provisions of this regulation. The investigation should include, in particular, the wind and sea conditions, the track and speed of the ship, other possible sources of the visible traces in the vicinity, and any relevant oil discharge records. 8. No discharge into the sea shall contain chemicals or other substances in quantities or concentrations which are hazardous to the marine environment or chemicals or other substances introduced for the purpose of circumventing the conditions of discharge specified in this regulation. 9. The oil residues which cannot be discharged into the sea in compliance with paragraphs 1 and 3 of this regulation shall be retained on board for subsequent discharge to reception facilities. Regulation 35 - Crude oil washing operations

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1. Every oil tanker operating with crude oil washing systems shall be provided with an Operations and Equipment Manual detailing the system and equipment and specifying operational procedures. Such a Manual shall be to the satisfaction of the Administration and shall contain all the information set out in the specifications referred to in paragraph 2 of regulation 33 of this Annex. If an alteration affecting the crude oil washing system is made, the Operations and Equipment Manual shall be revised accordingly. 2. With respect to the ballasting of cargo tanks, sufficient cargo tanks shall be crude oil washed prior to each ballast voyage in order that, taking into account the tanker’s trading pattern and expected weather conditions, ballast water is put only into cargo tanks which have been crude oil washed. 3. Unless an oil tanker carries crude oil which is not suitable for crude oil washing, the oil tanker shall operate the crude oil washing system in accordance with the Operations and Equipment Manual. Regulation 36 - Oil Record Book, Part II – Cargo/ballast operations

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1. Every oil tanker of 150 gross tonnage and above shall be provided with an Oil Record Book Part II (Cargo/Ballast Operations). The Oil Record Book Part II, whether as a part of the ship’s official logbook or otherwise, shall be in the Form specified in appendix III to this Annex. 2. The Oil Record Book Part II shall be completed on each occasion, on a tank-to-tank basis if appropriate, whenever any of the following cargo/ballast operations take place in the ship: .1. loading of oil cargo; .2.

internal transfer of oil cargo during voyage;

.3.

unloading of oil cargo;

.4.

ballasting of cargo tanks and dedicated clean ballast tanks;

.5.

cleaning of cargo tanks including crude oil washing;

.6.

discharge of ballast except from segregated ballast tanks;

.7.

discharge of water from slop tanks;


.8.

closing of all applicable valves or similar devices after slop tank discharge operations;

.9.

closing of valves necessary for isolation of dedicated clean ballast tanks from cargo and stripping lines after slop tank discharge operations; and

.10. disposal of residues.

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3. For oil tankers referred to in regulation 34.6 of this Annex, the total quantity of oil and water used for washing and returned to a storage tank shall be recorded in the Oil Record Book Part II. 4. In the event of such discharge of oil or oily mixture as is referred to in regulation 4 of this Annex or in the event of accidental or other exceptional discharge of oil not excepted by that regulation, a statement shall be made in the Oil Record Book Part II of the circumstances of, and the reasons for, the discharge. 5. Each operation described in paragraph 2 of this regulation shall be fully recorded without delay in the Oil Record Book Part II so that all entries in the book appropriate to that operation are completed. Each completed operation shall be signed by the officer or officers in charge of the operations concerned and each completed page shall be signed by the master of ship. The entries in the Oil Record Book Part II shall be at least in English, French or Spanish. Where entries in an official language of the State whose flag the ship is entitled to fly are also used, this shall prevail in case of dispute or discrepancy. 6. Any failure of the oil discharge monitoring and control system shall be noted in the Oil Record Book Part II. 7. The Oil Record Book shall be kept in such a place as to be readily available for inspection at all reasonable times and, except in the case of unmanned ships under tow, shall be kept on board the ship. It shall be preserved for a period of three years after the last entry has been made. 8. The competent authority of the Government of a Party to the Convention may inspect the Oil Record Book Part II on board any ship to which this Annex applies while the ship is in its port or offshore terminals and may make a copy of any entry in that book and may require the master of the ship to certify that the copy is a true copy of such entry. Any copy so made which has been certified by the master of the ship as a true copy of an entry in the shipâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Oil Record Book Part II shall be made admissible in any judicial proceedings as evidence of the facts stated in the entry. The inspection of an Oil Record Book Part II and the taking of a certified copy by the competent authority under this paragraph shall be performed as expeditiously as possible without causing the ship to be unduly delayed. 9. For oil tankers of less than 150 gross tonnage operating in accordance with regulation 34.6 of this Annex, an appropriate Oil Record Book should be developed by the Administration.


Annex IV of MARPOL 73/78 Regulations for the Prevention of Pollution by Sewage from Ships Chapter 3 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Equipment and control of discharge Regulation 9 - Sewage Systems 1. Every ship which, in accordance with regulation 2, is required to comply with the provisions of this Annex shall be equipped with one of the following sewage systems: a sewage treatment plant which shall be of a type approved by the Administration, taking into account the standards and test methods developed by the Organization, or

.2.

a sewage comminuting and disinfecting system approved by the Administration. Such system shall be fitted with facilities to the satisfaction of the Administration, for the temporary storage of sewage when the ship is less than 3 nautical miles from the nearest land, or

.3.

a holding tank of the capacity to the satisfaction of the Administration for the retention of all sewage, having regard to the operation of the ship, the number of persons on board and other relevant factors. The holding tank shall be constructed to the satisfaction of the Administration and shall have a means to indicate visually the amount of its contents.

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Regulation 10 - Standard Discharge Connections

1. To enable pipes of reception facilities to be connected with the shipâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s discharge pipeline, both lines shall be fitted with a standard discharge connection in accordance with the following table: STANDARD DIMENSIONS OF FLANGES FOR DISCHARGE CONNECTIONS

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Description Outside diameter Inner diameter Bolt circle diameter Slots in flange

Dimension

210 mm According to pipe outside diameter 170 mm 4 holes 18 mm in diameter equidistantly placed on a bolt circle of the above diameter, slotted to the flange periphery. The slot width to be 18 mm 16 mm 4, each of 16 mm in diameter and of suitable length

Flange thickness Bolts and nuts: quantity and diameter The flange is designed to accept pipes up to a maximum internal diameter of 100 mm and shall be of steel or other equivalent material having a flat face. This flange, together with a suitable gasket, shall be suitable for a service pressure of 600 kPa.

For ships having a moulded depth of 5 metres and less, the inner diameter of the discharge connection may be 38 millimetres.


2. For ships in dedicated trades, i.e. passenger ferries, alternatively the shipâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s discharge pipeline may be fitted with a discharge connection which can be accepted by the Administration, such as quick connection couplings. Regulation 11 - Discharge of Sewage 1. Subject to the provisions of regulation 3 of this Annex, the discharge of sewage into the sea is prohibited, except when: the ship is discharging comminuted and disinfected sewage using a system approved by the Administration in accordance with regulation 9.1.2 of this Annex at a distance of more than 3 nautical miles from the nearest land, or sewage which is not comminuted or disinfected, at a distance of more than 12 nautical miles from the nearest land, provided that, in any case, the sewage that has been stored in holding tanks, or sewage originating from spaces containing living animals, shall not be discharged instantaneously but at a moderate rate when the ship is en route and proceeding at not less than 4 knots; the rate of discharge shall be approved by the Administration based upon standards developed by the Organization; or

.2.

the ship has in operation an approved sewage treatment plant which has been certified by the Administration to meet the operational requirements referred to in regulation 9.1.1 of this Annex, and

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.1. the test results of the plant are laid down in the shipâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s International Sewage Pollution Prevention Certificate; and

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.2. additionally, the effluent shall not produce visible floating solids nor cause discoloration of the surrounding water.

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2. The provisions of paragraph 1 shall not apply to ships operating in the waters under the jurisdiction of a State and visiting ships from other States while they are in these waters and are discharging sewage in accordance with such less stringent requirements as may be imposed by such State.

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3. When the sewage is mixed with wastes or waste water covered by other Annexes of MARPOL 73/78, the requirements of those Annexes shall be complied with in addition to the requirements of this Annex. Chapter 4 - Reception facilities Regulation 12 - Reception facilities 1. The Government of each Party to the Convention, which requires ships operating in waters under its jurisdiction and visiting ships while in its waters to comply with the requirements of regulation 11.1, undertakes to ensure the provision of facilities at ports and terminals of the reception of sewage, without causing delay to ships, adequate to meet the needs of the ships using them. 2. The Government of each Party shall notify the Organization for transmission to the Contracting Governments concerned of all cases where the facilities provided under this regulation are alleged to be inadequate.


Chapter 5 - Port State Control Regulation 13 - Port State control on operational requirements 1. A ship when in a port or an offshore terminal of another Party is subject to inspection by officers duly authorized by such Party concerning operational requirements under this Annex, where there are clear grounds for believing that the master or crew are not familiar with essential shipboard procedures relating to the prevention of pollution by sewage. 2. In the circumstances given in paragraph (1) of this regulation, the Party shall take such steps as will ensure that the ship shall not sail until the situation has been brought to order in accordance with the requirements of this Annex.

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3. Procedures relating to the port State control prescribed in article 5 of the present Convention shall apply to this regulation.

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4. Nothing in this regulation shall be construed to limit the rights and obligations of a Party carrying out control over operational requirements specifically provided for in the present Convention.


Annex VI of MARPOL 73/78 Regulations for the Prevention of Air Pollution from Ships Regulation 2 Definitions . For the purpose of this Annex: (1). "A similar stage of construction" means the stage at which:

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(a). construction identifiable with a specific ship begins; and (b). assembly of that ship has commenced comprising at least 50 tonnes or one per cent of the estimated mass of all structural material, whichever is less. (2). "Continuous feeding" is defined as the process whereby waste is fed into a combustion chamber without human assistance while the incinerator is in normal operating conditions with the combustion chamber operative temperature between 850째C and 1200째C.

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(3). "Emission" means any release of substances, subject to control by this Annex from ships into the atmosphere or sea.

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(4). "New installations", in relation to regulation 12 of this Annex, means the installation of systems, equipment, including new portable fire extinguishing units, insulation, or other material on a ship after the date on which this Annex enters into force, but excludes repair or recharge of previously installed systems, equipment, insulation, or other material, or recharge of portable fire extinguishing units.

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(5). "NOx Technical Code" means the Technical Code on Control of Emission of Nitrogen Oxides from Marine Diesel Engines adopted by Conference resolution 2, as may be amended by the Organization, provided that such amendments are adopted and brought into force in accordance with the provisions of article 16 of the present Convention concerning amendment procedures applicable to an appendix to an Annex.

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(6). "Ozone depleting substances" means controlled substances defined in paragraph 4 of article 1 of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, 1987, listed in Annexes A, B, C or E to the said Protocol in force at the time of application or interpretation of this Annex. "Ozone depleting substances" that may be found on board ship include, but are not limited to: Halon 1211 Bromochlorodifluoromethane Halon 1301 Bromotrifluoromethane Halon 2402 1,2-Dibromo-1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane (also known as Halon 114B2) CFC-11 Trichlorofluoromethane CFC-12 Dichlorodifluoromethane CFC-113 1.1.2-Trichloro-1,2,2-trifluoroethane CFC-114 1.2-Dichloro-1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane CFC-115 Chloropentafluoroethane


(7). "Sludge oil" means sludge from the fuel or lubricating oil separators, waste lubricating oil from main or auxiliary machinery, or waste oil from bilge water separators, oil filtering equipment or drip trays. (8). "Shipboard incineration" means the incineration of wastes or other matter on board a ship, if such wastes or other matter were generated during the normal operation of that ship. (9). "Shipboard incinerator" means a shipboard facility designed for the primary purpose of incineration. (10). "Ships constructed" means ships the keels of which are laid or which are at a similar stage of construction.

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(11). "SOx Emission Control Area" means an area where the adoption of special mandatory measures for SOx emissions from ships is required to prevent, reduce and control air pollution from SOx and its attendant adverse impacts on land and sea areas. SOx Emission Control Areas shall include those listed in regulation 14 of this Annex. (12). "Tanker" means an oil tanker as defined in regulation 1(4) of Annex I or a chemical tanker as defined in regulation 1(1) of Annex II of the present Convention.

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(13). "The Protocol of 1997" means the Protocol of 1997 to amend the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973, as amended by the Protocol of 1978 relating thereto.

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(14). â&#x20AC;&#x153;Anniversary dateâ&#x20AC;? means the day and the month of each year which will correspond to the date of expiry of the International Air Pollution Prevention Certificate. Regulation 3

General Exceptions

. Regulations of this Annex shall not apply to:

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(i). provided that all reasonable precautions have been taken after the occurrence of the damage or discovery of the emission for the purpose of preventing or minimizing the emission; and (ii). except if the owner or the master acted either with intent to cause damage, or recklessly and with knowledge that damage would probably result. Regulation 10 Port State Control on Operational Requirements (1). A ship, when in a port or an offshore terminal under the jurisdiction of another Party to the Protocol of 1997, is subject to inspection by officers duly authorized by such Party concerning operational requirements under this Annex, where there are clear grounds for believing that the master or crew are not familiar with essential shipboard procedures relating to the prevention of air pollution from ships.


(2). In the circumstances given in paragraph (1) of this regulation, the Party shall take such steps as will ensure that the ship shall not sail until the situation has been brought to order in accordance with the requirements of this Annex. (3). Procedures relating to the port State control prescribed in article 5 of the present Convention shall apply to this regulation. (4). Nothing in this regulation shall be construed to limit the rights and obligations of a Party carrying out control over operational requirements specifically provided for in the present Convention. Regulation 11

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Detection of Violations and Enforcement

(1). Parties to this Annex shall co-operate in the detection of violations and the enforcement of the provisions of this Annex, using all appropriate and practicable measures of detection and environmental monitoring, adequate procedures for reporting and accumulation of evidence.

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(2). A ship to which the present Annex applies may, in any port or offshore terminal of a Party, be subject to inspection by officers appointed or authorized by that Party for the purpose of verifying whether the ship has emitted any of the substances covered by this Annex in violation of the provision of this Annex. If an inspection indicates a violation of this Annex, a report shall be forwarded to the Administration for any appropriate action.

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(3). Any Party shall furnish to the Administration evidence, if any, that the ship has emitted any of the substances covered by this Annex in violation of the provisions of this Annex. If it is practicable to do so, the competent authority of the former Party shall notify the master of the ship of the alleged violation.

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(4). Upon receiving such evidence, the Administration so informed shall investigate the matter, and may request the other Party to furnish further or better evidence of the alleged contravention If the Administration is satisfied that sufficient evidence is available to enable proceedings to be brought in respect of the alleged violation, it shall cause such proceedings to be taken in accordance with its law as soon as possible. The Administration shall promptly inform the Party which has reported the alleged violation, as well as the Organization, of the action taken.

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(5). A Party may also inspect a ship to which this Annex applies when it enters the ports or offshore terminals under its jurisdiction, if a request for an investigation is received from any Party together with sufficient evidence that the ship has emitted any of the substances covered by the Annex in any place in violation of this Annex. The report of such investigation shall be sent to the Party requesting it and to the Administration so that the appropriate action may be taken under the present Convention. (6). The international law concerning the prevention, reduction, and control of pollution of the marine environment from ships, including that law relating to enforcement and safeguards, in force at the time of application or interpretation of this Annex, applies, mutatis mutandis, to the rules and standards set forth in this Annex.


Regulation 12 Ozone Depleting Substances (1). Subject to the provisions of regulation 3, any deliberate emissions of ozone depleting substances shall be prohibited. Deliberate emissions include emissions occurring in the course of maintaining, servicing, repairing or disposing of systems or equipment, except that deliberate emissions do not include minimal releases associated with the recapture or recycling of an ozone depleting substance. Emissions arising from leaks of an ozone depleting substance, whether or not the leaks are deliberate, may be regulated by Parties to the Protocol of 1997.

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(2). New installations which contain ozone depleting substances shall be prohibited on all ships, except that new installations containing hydro-chlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) are permitted until 1 January 2020. (3). The substances referred to in this regulation, and equipment containing such substances, shall be delivered to appropriate reception facilities when removed from ships. Regulation 13 Nitrogen Oxides (NOx)

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(1).

(a). This regulation shall apply to:

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(i). each diesel engine with a power output of more than 130 kW which is installed on a ship constructed on or after 1 January 2000; and (ii). each diesel engine with a power output of more than 130 kW which undergoes a major conversion on or after 1 January 2000. (b). This regulation does not apply to:

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(i). emergency diesel engines, engines installed in lifeboats and any device or equipment intended to be used solely in case of emergency; and (ii). engines installed on ships solely engaged in voyages within waters subject to the sovereignty or jurisdiction of the State the flag of which the ship is entitled to fly, provided that such engines are subject to an alternative NOx control measure established by the Administration.

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(c). Notwithstanding the provisions of sub-paragraph (a) of this paragraph, the Administration may allow exclusion from the application of this regulation to any diesel engine which is installed on a ship constructed, or on a ship which undergoes a major conversion, before the date of entry into force of the present Protocol, provided that the ship is solely engaged in voyages to ports or offshore terminals within the State the flag of which the ship is entitled to fly. (2). (a). For the purpose of this regulation, "major conversion" means a modification of an engine where: (i). the engine is replaced by a new engine built on or after 1 January 2000, or (ii). any substantial modification, as defined in the NOx Technical Code, is made to the engine, or


(iii). the maximum continuous rating of the engine is increased by more than 10%. (b). The NOx emission resulting from modifications referred to in the sub-paragraph (a) of this paragraph shall be documented in accordance with the NOx Technical Code for approval by the Administration. (3). (a). Subject to the provision of regulation 3 of this Annex, the operation of each diesel engine to which this regulation applies is prohibited, except when the emission of nitrogen oxides (calculated as the total weighted emission of NO2) from the engine is within the following limits: (i). 17.0g/kWh when n is less than 130 rpm

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(ii). 45.0*n(-0.2)g/kWh when n is 130 or more but less than 2000 rpm (iii). 9.8 g/kWh when n is 2000 rpm or more

where n = rated engine speed (crankshaft revolutions per minute).

When using fuel composed of blends from hydrocarbons derived from petroleum refining, test procedure and measurement methods shall be in accordance with the NOx Technical Code, taking into consideration the Test Cycles and Weighting Factors outlined in appendix II to this Annex.

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(b). Notwithstanding the provisions of sub-paragraph (a) of this paragraph, the operation of a diesel engine is permitted when:

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(i). an exhaust gas cleaning system, approved by the Administration in accordance with the NOx Technical Code, is applied to the engine to reduce onboard NOx emissions at least to the limits specified in sub-paragraph (a), or

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(ii). any other equivalent method, approved by the Administration taking into account relevant guidelines to be developed by the Organization, is applied to reduce onboard NOx emissions at least to the limit specified in sub-paragraph (a) of this paragraph. Regulation 14

Sulphur Oxides (SOx)

General requirements

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(1). The sulphur content of any fuel oil used on board ships shall not exceed 4.5% m/m. (2). The worldwide average sulphur content of residual fuel oil supplied for use on board ships shall be monitored taking into account guidelines to be developed by the Organization. Requirements within SOx Emission Control Areas (3). For the purpose of this regulation, SOx Emission Control Areas shall include: (a). the Baltic Sea area as defined in regulation 10(1)(b) of Annex I, the North Sea area as defined in regulation 5(1)(f) of Annex V; and (b). any other sea area, including port areas designated by the Organization in accordance with criteria and procedures for designation of SOx Emission Control Areas with respect to the prevention of air pollution from ships contained in appendix III to this Annex.


(4). While ships are within SOx Emission Control Areas, at least one of the following conditions shall be fulfilled: (a). the sulphur content of fuel oil used on board ships in a SOx Emission Control Area does not exceed 1.5% m/m;

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(b). an exhaust gas cleaning system, approved by the Administration taking into account guidelines to be developed by the Organization, is applied to reduce the total emission of sulphur oxides from ships, including both auxiliary and main propulsion engines, to 6.0 g SOx/kWh or less calculated as the total weight of sulphur dioxide emission. Waste streams from the use of such equipment shall not be discharged into enclosed ports, harbours and estuaries unless it can be thoroughly documented by the ship that such waste streams have no adverse impact on the ecosystems of such enclosed ports, harbours and estuaries, based upon criteria communicated by the authorities of the port State to the Organization. The Organization shall circulate the criteria to all Parties to the Convention; or (c). any other technological method that is verifiable and enforceable to limit SOx emissions to a level equivalent to that described in sub-paragraph (b) is applied. These methods shall be approved by the Administration taking into account guidelines to be developed by the Organization.

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(5). The sulphur content of fuel oil referred to in paragraph (1) and sub-paragraph (4)(a) of this regulation shall be documented by the supplier as required by regulation 18 of this Annex.

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(6). Those ships using separate fuel oils to comply with paragraph (4)(a) of this regulation shall allow sufficient time for the fuel oil service system to be fully flushed of all fuels exceeding 1.5% m/m sulphur content prior to entry into a SOx Emission Control Area. The volume of low sulphur fuel oils (less than or equal to 1.5% sulphur content) in each tank as well as the date, time, and position of the ship when any fuel-changeover operation is completed, shall be recorded in such log-book as prescribed by the Administration.

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(7). During the first twelve months immediately following entry into force of the present Protocol, or of an amendment to the present Protocol designating a specific SOx Emission Control Area under paragraph (3)(b) of this regulation, ships entering a SOx Emission Control Area referred to in sub-paragraph (3)(a) of this regulation or designated under paragraph (3)(b) of this regulation are exempted from the requirements in paragraphs (4) and (6) of this regulation and from the requirements of paragraph (5) of this regulation insofar as they relate to sub-paragraph (4)(a) of this regulation. Regulation 15

Volatile Organic Compounds (1). If the emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from tankers are to be regulated in ports or terminals under the jurisdiction of a Party to the Protocol of 1997, they shall be regulated in accordance with the provisions of this regulation. (2). A Party to the Protocol of 1997 which designates ports or terminals under its jurisdiction in which VOCs emissions are to be regulated, shall submit a notification to the Organization. This notification shall include information on the size of tankers to be controlled, on cargoes requiring vapour emission control systems, and the effective date of such control. The notification shall be submitted at least six months before the effective date.


(3). The Government of each Party to the Protocol of 1997 which designates ports or terminals at which VOCs emissions from tankers are to be regulated shall ensure that vapour emission control systems, approved by that Government taking into account the safety standards developed by the Organization, are provided in ports and terminals designated, and are operated safely and in a manner so as to avoid undue delay to the ship. (4). The Organization shall circulate a list of the ports and terminals designated by the Parties to the Protocol of 1997 to other Parties to the Protocol of 1997 and Member States of the Organization for their information.

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(5). All tankers which are subject to vapour emission control in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (2) of this regulation shall be provided with a vapour collection system approved by the Administration taking into account the safety standards developed by the Organization, and shall use such system during the loading of such cargoes. Terminals which have installed vapour emission control systems in accordance with this regulation may accept existing tankers which are not fitted with vapour collection systems for a period of three years after the effective date identified in paragraph (2).

Regulation 16 Shipboard Incineration

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(6). This regulation shall only apply to gas carriers when the type of loading and containment systems allow safe retention of non-methane VOCs on board, or their safe return ashore.

(2).

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(1). Except as provided in paragraph (5), shipboard incineration shall be allowed only in a shipboard incinerator.

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(a). Except as provided in sub-paragraph (b) of this paragraph, each incinerator installed on board a ship on or after 1 January 2000 shall meet the requirements contained in appendix IV to this Annex. Each incinerator shall be approved by the Administration taking into account the standard specifications for shipboard incinerators developed by the Organization.

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(b). The Administration may allow exclusion from the application of sub-paragraph (a) of this paragraph to any incinerator which is installed on board a ship before the date of entry into force of the Protocol of 1997, provided that the ship is solely engaged in voyages within waters subject to the sovereignty or jurisdiction of the State the flag of which the ship is entitled to fly. (3). Nothing in this regulation affects the prohibition in, or other requirements of, the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter, 1972, as amended, and the 1996 Protocol thereto. (4). Shipboard incineration of the following substances shall be prohibited: (a). Annex I, II and III cargo residues of this convention and related contaminated packing materials. (b). polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs); (c). garbage, as defined in Annex V of the present Convention, containing more than traces of heavy metals; and


(d). refined petroleum products containing halogen compounds. (5). Shipboard incineration of sewage sludge and sludge oil generated during the normal operation of a ship may also take place in the main or auxiliary power plant or boilers, but in those cases, shall not take place inside ports, harbours and estuaries. (6). Shipboard incineration of polyvinyl chlorides (PVCs) shall be prohibited, except in shipboard incinerators for which IMO Type Approval Certificates have been issued. (7). All ships with incinerators subject to this regulation shall possess a manufacturer’s operating manual which shall specify how to operate the incinerator within the limits described in paragraph 2 of appendix IV to this Annex.

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(8). Personnel responsible for operation of any incinerator shall be trained and capable of implementing the guidance provided in the manufacturer’s operating manual. (9). Monitoring of combustion flue gas outlet temperature shall be required at all times and waste shall not be fed into a continuous-feed shipboard incinerator when the temperature is below the minimum allowed temperature of 850°C. For batch-loaded shipboard incinerators, the unit shall be designed so that the temperature in the combustion chamber shall reach 600°C within 5 minutes after start-up.

Regulation 17

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Reception Facilities

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(10). Nothing in this regulation precludes the development, installation and operation of alternative design shipboard thermal waste treatment devices that meet or exceed the requirements of this regulation.

(1). The Government of each Party to the Protocol of 1997 undertakes to ensure the provision of facilities adequate to meet the: (a). needs of ships using its repair ports for the reception of ozone depleting substances and equipment containing such substances when removed from ships;

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(b). needs of ships using its ports, terminals or repair ports for the reception of exhaust gas cleaning residues from an approved exhaust gas cleaning system when discharge into the marine environment of these residues is not permitted under regulation 14 of this Annex; without causing undue delay to ships, and

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(c). needs in ship breaking facilities for the reception of ozone depleting substances and equipment containing such substances when removed from ships. (2). Each Party to the Protocol of 1997 shall notify the Organization for transmission to the Members of the Organization of all cases where the facilities provided under this regulation are unavailable or alleged to be inadequate.


Regulation 18 Fuel Oil Quality (1). Fuel oil for combustion purposes delivered to and used on board ships to which this Annex applies shall meet the following requirements: (a). except as provided in sub-paragraph (b): (i). the fuel oil shall be blends of hydrocarbons derived from petroleum refining. This shall not preclude the incorporation of small amounts of additives intended to improve some aspects of performance; (ii). the fuel oil shall be free from inorganic acid;

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(iii). the fuel oil shall not include any added substance or chemical waste which either; (1). jeopardizes the safety of ships or adversely affects the performance of the machinery, or (2). is harmful to personnel, or

(3). contributes overall to additional air pollution; and

(b). fuel oil for combustion purposes derived by methods other than petroleum refining shall not:

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(i). exceed the sulphur content set forth in regulation 14 of this Annex;

(ii). cause an engine to exceed the NOx emission limits set forth in regulation 13(3)(a) of this Annex;

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(iii). contain inorganic acid; and

(1). jeopardizes the safety of ships or adversely affects the performance of the machinery, or (2). is harmful to personnel, or

(3). contributes overall to additional air pollution.

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(2). This regulation does not apply to coal in its solid form or nuclear fuels.

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(3). For each ship subject to regulations 5 and 6 of this Annex, details of fuel oil for combustion purposes delivered to and used on board shall be recorded by means of a bunker delivery note which shall contain at least the information specified in appendix V to this Annex. (4). The bunker delivery note shall be kept on board the ship in such a place as to be readily available for inspection at all reasonable times. It shall be retained for a period of three years after the fuel oil has been delivered on board. (5).

(a). The competent authority of the Government of a Party to the Protocol of 1997 may inspect the bunker delivery notes on board any ship to which this Annex applies while the ship is in its port or offshore terminal, may make a copy of each delivery note, and may require the master or person in charge of the ship to certify that each copy is a true copy of such bunker delivery note. The competent authority may also verify the contents of each note through consultations with the port where the note was issued.


(b). The inspection of the bunker delivery notes and the taking of certified copies by the competent authority under this paragraph shall be performed as expeditiously as possible without causing the ship to be unduly delayed. (6). The bunker delivery note shall be accompanied by a representative sample of the fuel oil delivered having regard to guidelines to be developed by the Organization. The sample is to be sealed and signed by the supplierâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s representative and the master or officer in charge of the bunker operation on completion of bunkering operations and retained under the shipâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s control until the fuel oil is substantially consumed, but in any case for a period of not less than twelve months from the time of delivery. (7). Parties to the Protocol of 1997 undertake to ensure that appropriate authorities designated by them:

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(a). maintain a register of local suppliers of fuel oil;

(b). require local suppliers to provide the bunker delivery note and sample as required by this regulation, certified by the fuel oil supplier that the fuel oil meets the requirements of regulations 14 and 18 of this Annex; (c). require local suppliers to retain a copy of the bunker delivery note for at least 3 years for inspection and verification by the port State as necessary;

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(d). take action as appropriate against fuel oil suppliers that have been found to deliver fuel oil that does not comply with that stated on the bunker delivery note; (e). inform the Administration of any ship receiving fuel oil found to be noncompliant with the requirements of regulations 14 and 18 of this Annex; and

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(f). inform the Organization for transmission to Parties to the Protocol of 1997 of all cases where fuel oil suppliers have failed to meet the requirements specified in regulations 14 and 18 of this Annex. (8). In connection with port State inspections carried out by Parties to the Protocol of 1997, the Parties further undertake to:

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(a). inform the Party or non-Party under whose jurisdiction the bunker delivery note was issued of cases of delivery of noncompliant fuel oil, giving all relevant information; and

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(b). ensure that remedial action as appropriate is taken to bring noncompliant fuel oil discovered into compliance.


The Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer as either adjusted and/or amended in London 1990 Copenhagen 1992 Vienna 1995 Montreal 1997 Beijing 1999

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UNEP Ozone Secretariat United Nations Environment Programme Preamble The Parties to this Protocol,

Being Parties to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer,

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Mindful of their obligation under that Convention to take appropriate measures to protect human health and the environment against adverse effects resulting or likely to result from human activities which modify or are likely to modify the ozone layer, Recognizing that world-wide emissions of certain substances can significantly deplete and otherwise modify the ozone layer in a manner that is likely to result in adverse effects on human health and the environment,

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Conscious of the potential climatic effects of emissions of these substances, Aware that measures taken to protect the ozone layer from depletion should be based on relevant scientific knowledge, taking into account technical and economic considerations,

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Determined to protect the ozone layer by taking precautionary measures to control equitably total global emissions of substances that deplete it, with the ultimate objective of their elimination on the basis of developments in scientific knowledge, taking into account technical and economic considerations and bearing in mind the developmental needs of developing countries,

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Acknowledging that special provision is required to meet the needs of developing countries, including the provision of additional financial resources and access to relevant technologies, bearing in mind that the magnitude of funds necessary is predictable, and the funds can be expected to make a substantial difference in the world's ability to address the scientifically established problem of ozone depletion and its harmful effects,

Noting the precautionary measures for controlling emissions of certain chlorofluorocarbons that have already been taken at national and regional levels, Considering the importance of promoting international co-operation in the research, development and transfer of alternative technologies relating to the control and reduction of emissions of substances that deplete the ozone layer, bearing in mind in particular the needs of developing countries,

HAVE AGREED AS FOLLOWS:


Article 1:

Definitions

For the purposes of this Protocol: "Convention" means the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, adopted on 22 March 1985.

2.

"Parties" means, unless the text otherwise indicates, Parties to this Protocol.

3.

"Secretariat" means the Secretariat of the Convention.

4.

"Controlled substance" means a substance in Annex A, Annex B, Annex C or Annex E to this Protocol, whether existing alone or in a mixture. It includes the isomers of any such substance, except as specified in the relevant Annex, but excludes any controlled substance or mixture which is in a manufactured product other than a container used for the transportation or storage of that substance.

5.

"Production" means the amount of controlled substances produced, minus the amount destroyed by technologies to be approved by the Parties and minus the amount entirely used as feedstock in the manufacture of other chemicals. The amount recycled and reused is not to be considered as "production".

6.

"Consumption" means production plus imports minus exports of controlled substances.

7.

"Calculated levels" of production, imports, exports and consumption means levels determined in accordance with Article 3.

8.

"Industrial rationalization" means the transfer of all or a portion of the calculated level of production of one Party to another, for the purpose of achieving economic efficiencies or responding to anticipated shortfalls in supply as a result of plant closures.

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1.

Article 2:

Control Measures

Incorporated in Article 2A.

2.

Replaced by Article 2B.

3.

Replaced by Article 2A.

4.

Replaced by Article 2A.

5.

Any Party may, for one or more control periods, transfer to another Party any portion of its calculated level of production set out in Articles 2A to 2F, and Article 2H, provided that the total combined calculated levels of production of the Parties concerned for any group of controlled substances do not exceed the production limits set out in those Articles for that group. Such transfer of production shall be notified to the Secretariat by each of the Parties concerned, stating the terms of such transfer and the period for which it is to apply.

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1.

5. bis Any Party not operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5 may, for one or more control periods, transfer to another such Party any portion of its calculated level of consumption set out in Article 2F, provided that the calculated level of consumption of controlled substances in Group I of Annex A of the Party transferring the portion of its calculated level of consumption did not exceed 0.25 kilograms per capita in 1989 and that the total combined calculated levels of consumption of the Parties concerned do not exceed the consumption limits set out in Article 2F. Such transfer of consumption shall be notified to the Secretariat by each of the Parties concerned, stating the terms of such transfer and the period for which it is to apply.


6.

Any Party not operating under Article 5, that has facilities for the production of Annex A or Annex B controlled substances under construction, or contracted for, prior to 16 September 1987, and provided for in national legislation prior to 1 January 1987, may add the production from such facilities to its 1986 production of such substances for the purposes of determining its calculated level of production for 1986, provided that such facilities are completed by 31 December 1990 and that such production does not raise that Party's annual calculated level of consumption of the controlled substances above 0.5 kilograms per capita.

7.

Any transfer of production pursuant to paragraph 5 or any addition of production pursuant to paragraph 6 shall be notified to the Secretariat, no later than the time of the transfer or addition.

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8.

(a) Any Parties which are Member States of a regional economic integration organization as defined in Article 1 (6) of the Convention may agree that they shall jointly fulfil their obligations respecting consumption under this Article and Articles 2A to 2I provided that their total combined calculated level of consumption does not exceed the levels required by this Article and Articles 2A to 2I.

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(b) The Parties to any such agreement shall inform the Secretariat of the terms of the agreement before the date of the reduction in consumption with which the agreement is concerned.

9.

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(c) Such agreement will become operative only if all Member States of the regional economic integration organization and the organization concerned are Parties to the Protocol and have notified the Secretariat of their manner of implementation. (a) Based on the assessments made pursuant to Article 6, the Parties may decide whether:

Adjustments to the ozone depleting potentials specified in Annex A, Annex B, Annex C and/or Annex E should be made and, if so, what the adjustments should be; and

(ii)

Further adjustments and reductions of production or consumption of the controlled substances should be undertaken and, if so, what the scope, amount and timing of any such adjustments and reductions should be;

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(i)

(b) Proposals for such adjustments shall be communicated to the Parties by the Secretariat at least six months before the meeting of the Parties at which they are proposed for adoption; (c) In taking such decisions, the Parties shall make every effort to reach agreement by consensus. If all efforts at consensus have been exhausted, and no agreement reached, such decisions shall, as a last resort, be adopted by a twothirds majority vote of the Parties present and voting representing a majority of the Parties operating under Paragraph 1 of Article 5 present and voting and a majority of the Parties not so operating present and voting; (d) The decisions, which shall be binding on all Parties, shall forthwith be communicated to the Parties by the Depositary. Unless otherwise provided in the decisions, they shall enter into force on the expiry of six months from the


date of the circulation of the communication by the Depositary. 10.

Based on the assessments made pursuant to Article 6 of this Protocol and in accordance with the procedure set out in Article 9 of the Convention, the Parties may decide: (a) whether any substances, and if so which, should be added to or removed from any annex to this Protocol, and (b) the mechanism, scope and timing of the control measures that should apply to those substances; Notwithstanding the provisions contained in this Article and Articles 2A to 2I Parties may take more stringent measures than those required by this Article and Articles 2A to 2I.

Article 2A:

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11.

CFCs

Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on the first day of the seventh month following the date of entry into force of this Protocol, and in each twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of consumption of the controlled substances in Group I of Annex A does not exceed its calculated level of consumption in 1986. By the end of the same period, each Party producing one or more of these substances shall ensure that its calculated level of production of the substances does not exceed its calculated level of production in 1986, except that such level may have increased by no more than ten per cent based on the 1986 level. Such increase shall be permitted only so as to satisfy the basic domestic needs of the Parties operating under Article 5 and for the purposes of industrial rationalization between Parties.

2.

Each Party shall ensure that for the period from 1 July 1991 to 31 December 1992 its calculated levels of consumption and production of the controlled substances in Group I of Annex A do not exceed 150 per cent of its calculated levels of production and consumption of those substances in 1986; with effect from 1 January 1993, the twelve-month control period for these controlled substances shall run from 1 January to 31 December each year.

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1.

Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 1994, and in each twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of consumption of the controlled substances in Group I of Annex A does not exceed, annually, twenty-five per cent of its calculated level of consumption in 1986. Each Party producing one or more of these substances shall, for the same periods, ensure that its calculated level of production of the substances does not exceed, annually, twenty-five per cent of its calculated level of production in 1986. However, in order to satisfy the basic domestic needs of the Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5, its calculated level of production may exceed that limit by up to ten per cent of its calculated level of production in 1986.

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3.

4.

Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 1996, and in each twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of consumption of the controlled substances in Group I of Annex A does not exceed zero. Each Party producing one or more of these substances shall, for the same periods, ensure that its calculated level of production of the substances does not exceed zero. However, in order to satisfy the basic domestic needs of the Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5, its calculated level of production may exceed that limit by a quantity equal to the annual average of its production of the controlled substances in


Group I of Annex A for basic domestic needs for the period 1995 to 1997 inclusive. This paragraph will apply save to the extent that the Parties decide to permit the level of production or consumption that is necessary to satisfy uses agreed by them to be essential. Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 2003 and in each twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of production of the controlled substances in Group I of Annex A for the basic domestic needs of the Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5 does not exceed eighty per cent of the annual average of its production of those substances for basic domestic needs for the period 1995 to 1997 inclusive.

6.

Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 2005 and in each twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of production of the controlled substances in Group I of Annex A for the basic domestic needs of the Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5 does not exceed fifty per cent of the annual average of its production of those substances for basic domestic needs for the period 1995 to 1997 inclusive.

7.

Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 2007 and in each twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of production of the controlled substances in Group I of Annex A for the basic domestic needs of the Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5 does not exceed fifteen per cent of the annual average of its production of those substances for basic domestic needs for the period 1995 to 1997 inclusive.

8.

Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 2010 and in each twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of production of the controlled substances in Group I of Annex A for the basic domestic needs of the Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5 does not exceed zero.

9.

For the purposes of calculating basic domestic needs under paragraphs 4 to 8 of this Article, the calculation of the annual average of production by a Party includes any production entitlements that it has transferred in accordance with paragraph 5 of Article 2, and excludes any production entitlements that it has acquired in accordance with paragraph 5 of Article 2.

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5.

Article 2B:

Halons

Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 1992, and in each twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of consumption of the controlled substances in Group II of Annex A does not exceed, annually, its calculated level of consumption in 1986. Each Party producing one or more of these substances shall, for the same periods, ensure that its calculated level of production of the substances does not exceed, annually, its calculated level of production in 1986. However, in order to satisfy the basic domestic needs of the Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5, its calculated level of production may exceed that limit by up to ten per cent of its calculated level of production in 1986.

2.

Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 1994, and in each twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of consumption of the controlled substances in Group II of Annex A does not exceed zero. Each Party producing one or more of these substances shall, for the same periods, ensure that its calculated level of production of the substances does not exceed zero.

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1.


However, in order to satisfy the basic domestic needs of the Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5, its calculated level of production may, until 1 January 2002 exceed that limit by up to fifteen per cent of its calculated level of production in 1986; thereafter, it may exceed that limit by a quantity equal to the annual average of its production of the controlled substances in Group II of Annex A for basic domestic needs for the period 1995 to 1997 inclusive. This paragraph will apply save to the extent that the Parties decide to permit the level of production or consumption that is necessary to satisfy uses agreed by them to be essential. Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 2005 and in each twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of production of the controlled substances in Group II of Annex A for the basic domestic needs of the Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5 does not exceed fifty per cent of the annual average of its production of those substances for basic domestic needs for the period 1995 to 1997 inclusive.

4.

Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 2010 and in each twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of production of the controlled substances in Group II of Annex A for the basic domestic needs of the Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5 does not exceed zero.

Article 2C:

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3.

Other fully halogenated CFCs

Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 1993, its calculated level of consumption of the controlled substances in Group I of Annex B does not exceed, annually, eighty per cent of its calculated level of consumption in 1989. Each Party producing one or more of these substances shall, for the same period, ensure that its calculated level of production of the substances does not exceed, annually, eighty per cent of its calculated level of production in 1989. However, in order to satisfy the basic domestic needs of the Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5, its calculated level of production may exceed that limit by up to ten per cent of its calculated level of production in 1989.

2.

Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 1994, and in each twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of consumption of the controlled substances in Group I of Annex B does not exceed, annually, twenty-five per cent of its calculated level of consumption in 1989. Each Party producing one or more of these substances shall, for the same periods, ensure that its calculated level of production of the substances does not exceed, annually, twenty-five per cent of its calculated level of production in 1989. However, in order to satisfy the basic domestic needs of the Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5, its calculated level of production may exceed that limit by up to ten per cent of its calculated level of production in 1989.

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1.

3.

Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 1996, and in each twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of consumption of the controlled substances in Group I of Annex B does not exceed zero. Each Party producing one or more of these substances shall, for the same periods, ensure that its calculated level of production of the substances does not exceed zero. However, in order to satisfy the basic domestic needs of the Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5, its calculated level of production may, until 1 January 2003 exceed that limit by up to fifteen per cent of its calculated level of production in 1989; thereafter, it may exceed that limit by a quantity equal to eighty per cent of the annual average of its production of the controlled substances in Group I of Annex B


for basic domestic needs for the period 1998 to 2000 inclusive. This paragraph will apply save to the extent that the Parties decide to permit the level of production or consumption that is necessary to satisfy uses agreed by them to be essential. Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 2007 and in each twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of production of the controlled substances in Group I of Annex B for the basic domestic needs of the Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5 does not exceed fifteen per cent of the annual average of its production of those substances for basic domestic needs for the period 1998 to 2000 inclusive.

5.

Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 2010 and in each twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of production of the controlled substances in Group I of Annex B for the basic domestic needs of the Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5 does not exceed zero.

Article 2D:

Carbon tetrachloride

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4.

Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 1995, its calculated level of consumption of the controlled substance in Group II of Annex B does not exceed, annually, fifteen per cent of its calculated level of consumption in 1989. Each Party producing the substance shall, for the same period, ensure that its calculated level of production of the substance does not exceed, annually, fifteen per cent of its calculated level of production in 1989. However, in order to satisfy the basic domestic needs of the Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5, its calculated level of production may exceed that limit by up to ten per cent of its calculated level of production in 1989.

2.

Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 1996, and in each twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of consumption of the controlled substance in Group II of Annex B does not exceed zero. Each Party producing the substance shall, for the same periods, ensure that its calculated level of production of the substance does not exceed zero. However, in order to satisfy the basic domestic needs of the Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5, its calculated level of production may exceed that limit by up to fifteen per cent of its calculated level of production in 1989. This paragraph will apply save to the extent that the Parties decide to permit the level of production or consumption that is necessary to satisfy uses agreed by them to be essential.

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1.

Article 2E:

1,1,1-Trichloroethane (Methyl chloroform)

1.

Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 1993, its calculated level of consumption of the controlled substance in Group III of Annex B does not exceed, annually, its calculated level of consumption in 1989. Each Party producing the substance shall, for the same period, ensure that its calculated level of production of the substance does not exceed, annually, its calculated level of production in 1989. However, in order to satisfy the basic domestic needs of the Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5, its calculated level of production may exceed that limit by up to ten per cent of its calculated level of production in 1989.

2.

Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 1994, and in each twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of consumption of the controlled substance in Group III of Annex B does not exceed, annually, fifty


per cent of its calculated level of consumption in 1989. Each Party producing the substance shall, for the same periods, ensure that its calculated level of production of the substance does not exceed, annually, fifty per cent of its calculated level of production in 1989. However, in order to satisfy the basic domestic needs of the Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5, its calculated level of production may exceed that limit by up to ten per cent of its calculated level of production in 1989. Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 1996, and in each twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of consumption of the controlled substance in Group III of Annex B does not exceed zero. Each Party producing the substance shall, for the same periods, ensure that its calculated level of production of the substance does not exceed zero. However, in order to satisfy the basic domestic needs of the Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5, its calculated level of production may exceed that limit by up to fifteen per cent of its calculated level of production for 1989. This paragraph will apply save to the extent that the Parties decide to permit the level of production or consumption that is necessary to satisfy uses agreed by them to be essential.

Article 2F:

Hydrochlorofluorocarbons

Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 1996, and in each twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of consumption of the controlled substances in Group I of Annex C does not exceed, annually, the sum of:

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(a) Two point eight per cent of its calculated level of consumption in 1989 of the controlled substances in Group I of Annex A; and (b) Its calculated level of consumption in 1989 of the controlled substances in Group I of Annex C. Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve month period commencing on 1 January 2004, and in each twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of consumption of the controlled substances in Group I of Annex C does not exceed, annually, sixtyfive per cent of the sum referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article.

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Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 2010, and in each twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of consumption of the controlled substances in Group I of Annex C does not exceed, annually, thirtyfive per cent of the sum referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article.

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Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 2015, and in each twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of consumption of the controlled substances in Group I of Annex C does not exceed, annually, ten per cent of the sum referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article.

5.

Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 2020, and in each twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of consumption of the controlled substances in Group I of Annex C does not exceed, annually, zero point five per cent of the sum referred to in paragraph 1 of this Article. Such consumption shall, however, be restricted to the servicing of refrigeration and air conditioning equipment existing at that date.

6.

Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January


2030, and in each twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of consumption of the controlled substances in Group I of Annex C does not exceed zero. 7.

As of 1 January 1996, each Party shall endeavour to ensure that: (a) The use of controlled substances in Group I of Annex C is limited to those applications where other more environmentally suitable alternative substances or technologies are not available; (b) The use of controlled substances in Group I of Annex C is not outside the areas of application currently met by controlled substances in Annexes A, B and C, except in rare cases for the protection of human life or human health; and

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(c) Controlled substances in Group I of Annex C are selected for use in a manner that minimizes ozone depletion, in addition to meeting other environmental, safety and economic considerations. Each Party producing one or more of these substances shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 2004, and in each twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of production of the controlled substances in Group I of Annex C does not exceed, annually, the average of:

The sum of its calculated level of production in 1989 of the controlled substances in Group I of Annex C and two point eight per cent of its calculated level of production in 1989 of the controlled substances in Group I of Annex A.

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(a) The sum of its calculated level of consumption in 1989 of the controlled substances in Group I of Annex C and two point eight per cent of its calculated level of consumption in 1989 of the controlled substances in Group I of Annex A; and

However, in order to satisfy the basic domestic needs of the Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5, its calculated level of production may exceed that limit by up to fifteen per cent of its calculated level of production of the controlled substances in Group I of Annex C as defined above. Hydrobromofluorocarbons

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Article 2G:

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Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 1996, and in each twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of consumption of the controlled substances in Group II of Annex C does not exceed zero. Each Party producing the substances shall, for the same periods, ensure that its calculated level of production of the substances does not exceed zero. This paragraph will apply save to the extent that the Parties decide to permit the level of production or consumption that is necessary to satisfy uses agreed by them to be essential. Article 2H: 1.

Methyl bromide

Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 1995, and in each twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of consumption of the controlled substance in Annex E does not exceed, annually, its calculated level of consumption in 1991. Each Party producing the substance shall, for the same period, ensure that its calculated level of production of the substance does not exceed, annually, its calculated level of production in 1991. However, in order to satisfy the basic domestic needs of the Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5, its calculated level of production may exceed that limit by up to ten per cent of its calculated level of production in 1991.


Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 1999, and in the twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of consumption of the controlled substance in Annex E does not exceed, annually, seventy-five per cent of its calculated level of consumption in 1991. Each Party producing the substance shall, for the same periods, ensure that its calculated level of production of the substance does not exceed, annually, seventy-five per cent of its calculated level of production in 1991. However, in order to satisfy the basic domestic needs of the Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5, its calculated level of production may exceed that limit by up to ten per cent of its calculated level of production in 1991.

3.

Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 2001, and in the twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of consumption of the controlled substance in Annex E does not exceed, annually, fifty per cent of its calculated level of consumption in 1991. Each Party producing the substance shall, for the same periods, ensure that its calculated level of production of the substance does not exceed, annually, fifty per cent of its calculated level of production in 1991. However, in order to satisfy the basic domestic needs of the Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5, its calculated level of production may exceed that limit by up to ten per cent of its calculated level of production in 1991.

4.

Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 2003, and in the twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of consumption of the controlled substance in Annex E does not exceed, annually, thirty per cent of its calculated level of consumption in 1991. Each Party producing the substance shall, for the same periods, ensure that its calculated level of production of the substance does not exceed, annually, thirty per cent of its calculated level of production in 1991. However, in order to satisfy the basic domestic needs of the Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5, its calculated level of production may exceed that limit by up to ten per cent of its calculated level of production in 1991.

5.

Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 2005, and in each twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of consumption of the controlled substance in Annex E does not exceed zero. Each Party producing the substance shall, for the same periods, ensure that its calculated level of production of the substance does not exceed zero. However, in order to satisfy the basic domestic needs of the Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5, its calculated level of production may, until 1 January 2002 exceed that limit by up to fifteen per cent of its calculated level of production in 1991; thereafter, it may exceed that limit by a quantity equal to the annual average of its production of the controlled substance in Annex E for basic domestic needs for the period 1995 to 1998 inclusive. This paragraph will apply save to the extent that the Parties decide to permit the level of production or consumption that is necessary to satisfy uses agreed by them to be critical uses.

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5 bis. Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 2005 and in each twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of production of the controlled substance in Annex E for the basic domestic needs of the Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5 does not exceed eighty per cent of the annual average of its production of the substance for basic domestic needs for the period 1995 to 1998 inclusive.


5 ter. Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 2015 and in each twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of production of the controlled substance in Annex E for the basic domestic needs of the Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5 does not exceed zero. 6.

The calculated levels of consumption and production under this Article shall not include the amounts used by the Party for quarantine and pre-shipment applications.

Article 2I:

Bromochloromethane

Article 3:

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Each Party shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 2002, and in each twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated level of consumption and production of the controlled substance in Group III of Annex C does not exceed zero. This paragraph will apply save to the extent that the Parties decide to permit the level of production or consumption that is necessary to satisfy uses agreed by them to be essential. Calculation of control levels

For the purposes of Articles 2, 2A to 2I and 5, each Party shall, for each group of substances in Annex A, Annex B, Annex C or Annex E determine its calculated levels of: (a) Production by:

multiplying its annual production of each controlled substance by the ozone depleting potential specified in respect of it in Annex A, Annex B, Annex C or Annex E;

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(i)

(ii) adding together, for each such Group, the resulting figures;

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(b) Imports and exports, respectively, by following, mutatis mutandis, the procedure set out in subparagraph (a); and

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(c) Consumption by adding together its calculated levels of production and imports and subtracting its calculated level of exports as determined in accordance with subparagraphs (a) and (b). However, beginning on 1 January 1993, any export of controlled substances to non-Parties shall not be subtracted in calculating the consumption level of the exporting Party.

Article 4:

As of 1 January 1990, each party shall ban the import of the controlled substances in Annex A from any State not party to this Protocol.

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1.

Control of trade with non-Parties

1 bis. Within one year of the date of the entry into force of this paragraph, each Party shall ban the import of the controlled substances in Annex B from any State not party to this Protocol. 1 ter. Within one year of the date of entry into force of this paragraph, each Party shall ban the import of any controlled substances in Group II of Annex C from any State not party to this Protocol. 1 qua.Within one year of the date of entry into force of this paragraph, each Party shall ban the import of the controlled substance in Annex E from any State not party to this Protocol. 1 quin. As of 1 January 2004, each Party shall ban the import of the controlled substances in Group I of Annex C from any State not party to this Protocol.


1 sex. Within one year of the date of entry into force of this paragraph, each Party shall ban the import of the controlled substance in Group III of Annex C from any State not party to this Protocol. As of 1 January 1993, each Party shall ban the export of any controlled substances in Annex A to any State not party to this Protocol.

2 bis.

Commencing one year after the date of entry into force of this paragraph, each Party shall ban the export of any controlled substances in Annex B to any State not party to this Protocol.

2 ter.

Commencing one year after the date of entry into force of this paragraph, each Party shall ban the export of any controlled substances in Group II of Annex C to any State not party to this Protocol.

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2 qua. Commencing one year of the date of entry into force of this paragraph, each Party shall ban the export of the controlled substance in Annex E to any State not party to this Protocol. 2 quin. As of 1 January 2004, each Party shall ban the export of the controlled substances in Group I of Annex C to any State not party to this Protocol.

By 1 January 1992, the Parties shall, following the procedures in Article 10 of the Convention, elaborate in an annex a list of products containing controlled substances in Annex A. Parties that have not objected to the annex in accordance with those procedures shall ban, within one year of the annex having become effective, the import of those products from any State not party to this Protocol.

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2 sex. Within one year of the date of entry into force of this paragraph, each Party shall ban the export of the controlled substance in Group III of Annex C to any State not party to this Protocol.

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3 bis. Within three years of the date of the entry into force of this paragraph, the Parties shall, following the procedures in Article 10 of the Convention, elaborate in an annex a list of products containing controlled substances in Annex B. Parties that have not objected to the annex in accordance with those procedures shall ban, within one year of the annex having become effective, the import of those products from any State not party to this Protocol.

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3 ter. Within three years of the date of entry into force of this paragraph, the Parties shall, following the procedures in Article 10 of the Convention, elaborate in an annex a list of products containing controlled substances in Group II of Annex C. Parties that have not objected to the annex in accordance with those procedures shall ban, within one year of the annex having become effective, the import of those products from any State not party to this Protocol.

4.

By 1 January 1994, the Parties shall determine the feasibility of banning or restricting, from States not party to this Protocol, the import of products produced with, but not containing, controlled substances in Annex A. If determined feasible, the Parties shall, following the procedures in Article 10 of the Convention, elaborate in an annex a list of such products. Parties that have not objected to the annex in accordance with those procedures shall ban, within one year of the annex having become effective, the import of those products from any State not party to this Protocol.

4 bis. Within five years of the date of the entry into force of this paragraph, the Parties shall determine the feasibility of banning or restricting, from States not party to this Protocol, the import of products produced with, but not containing, controlled


substances in Annex B. If determined feasible, the Parties shall, following the procedures in Article 10 of the Convention, elaborate in an annex a list of such products. Parties that have not objected to the annex in accordance with those procedures shall ban or restrict, within one year of the annex having become effective, the import of those products from any State not party to this Protocol. Within five years of the date of entry into force of this paragraph, the Parties shall determine the feasibility of banning or restricting, from States not party to this Protocol, the import of products produced with, but not containing, controlled substances in Group II of Annex C. If determined feasible, the Parties shall, following the procedures in Article 10 of the Convention, elaborate in an annex a list of such products. Parties that have not objected to the annex in accordance with those procedures shall ban or restrict, within one year of the annex having become effective, the import of those products from any State not party to this Protocol.

5.

Each Party undertakes to the fullest practicable extent to discourage the export to any State not party to this Protocol of technology for producing and for utilizing controlled substances in Annexes A, B, C and E.

6.

Each Party shall refrain from providing new subsidies, aid, credits, guarantees or insurance programmes for the export to States not party to this Protocol of products, equipment, plants or technology that would facilitate the production of controlled substances in Annexes A, B, C and E.

7.

Paragraphs 5 and 6 shall not apply to products, equipment, plants or technology that improve the containment, recovery, recycling or destruction of controlled substances, promote the development of alternative substances, or otherwise contribute to the reduction of emissions of controlled substances in Annexes A, B, C and E.

8.

Notwithstanding the provisions of this Article, imports and exports referred to in paragraphs 1 to 4 ter of this Article may be permitted from, or to, any State not party to this Protocol, if that State is determined, by a meeting of the Parties, to be in full compliance with Article 2, Articles 2A to 2I and this Article, and have submitted data to that effect as specified in Article 7.

9.

For the purposes of this Article, the term "State not party to this Protocol" shall include, with respect to a particular controlled substance, a State or regional economic integration organization that has not agreed to be bound by the control measures in effect for that substance.

10.

By 1 January 1996, the Parties shall consider whether to amend this Protocol in order to extend the measures in this Article to trade in controlled substances in Group I of Annex C and in Annex E with States not party to the Protocol.

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4 ter.

Article 4A:

Control of trade with Parties

1.

Where, after the phase-out date applicable to it for a controlled substance, a Party is unable, despite having taken all practicable steps to comply with its obligation under the Protocol, to cease production of that substance for domestic consumption, other than for uses agreed by the Parties to be essential, it shall ban the export of used, recycled and reclaimed quantities of that substance, other than for the purpose of destruction.

2.

Paragraph 1 of this Article shall apply without prejudice to the operation of Article 11 of the Convention and the non-compliance procedure developed under Article 8 of


the Protocol. Article 4B:

Licensing

Each Party shall, by 1 January 2000 or within three months of the date of entry into force of this Article for it, whichever is the later, establish and implement a system for licensing the import and export of new, used, recycled and reclaimed controlled substances in Annexes A, B, C and E.

2.

Notwithstanding paragraph 1 of this Article, any Party operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5 which decides it is not in a position to establish and implement a system for licensing the import and export of controlled substances in Annexes C and E, may delay taking those actions until 1 January 2005 and 1 January 2002, respectively.

3.

Each Party shall, within three months of the date of introducing its licensing system, report to the Secretariat on the establishment and operation of that system.

4.

The Secretariat shall periodically prepare and circulate to all Parties a list of the Parties that have reported to it on their licensing systems and shall forward this information to the Implementation Committee for consideration and appropriate recommendations to the Parties.

Article 5:

Special situation of developing countries

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Any Party that is a developing country and whose annual calculated level of consumption of the controlled substances in Annex A is less than 0.3 kilograms per capita on the date of the entry into force of the Protocol for it, or any time thereafter until 1 January 1999, shall, in order to meet its basic domestic needs, be entitled to delay for ten years its compliance with the control measures set out in Articles 2A to 2E, provided that any further amendments to the adjustments or Amendment adopted at the Second Meeting of the Parties in London, 29 June 1990, shall apply to the Parties operating under this paragraph after the review provided for in paragraph 8 of this Article has taken place and shall be based on the conclusions of that review.

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1 bis. The Parties shall, taking into account the review referred to in paragraph 8 of this Article, the assessments made pursuant to Article 6 and any other relevant information, decide by 1 January 1996, through the procedure set forth in paragraph 9 of Article 2:

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(a) With respect to paragraphs 1 to 6 of Article 2F, what base year, initial levels, control schedules and phase-out date for consumption of the controlled substances in Group I of Annex C will apply to Parties operating under paragraph 1 of this Article; (b) With respect to Article 2G, what phase-out date for production and consumption of the controlled substances in Group II of Annex C will apply to Parties operating under paragraph 1 of this Article; and (c) With respect to Article 2H, what base year, initial levels and control schedules for consumption and production of the controlled substance in Annex E will apply to Parties operating under paragraph 1 of this Article.

2.

However, any Party operating under paragraph 1 of this Article shall exceed neither an annual calculated level of consumption of the controlled substances in Annex A of 0.3 kilograms per capita nor an annual calculated level of consumption of controlled


substances of Annex B of 0.2 kilograms per capita. 3.

When implementing the control measures set out in Articles 2 A to 2E, any Party operating under paragraph 1 of this Article shall be entitled to use: (a) For controlled substances under Annex A, either the average of its annual calculated level of consumption for the period 1995 to 1997 inclusive or a calculated level of consumption of 0.3 kilograms per capita, whichever is the lower, as the basis for determining its compliance with the control measures relating to consumption.

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(b) For controlled substances under Annex B, the average of its annual calculated level of consumption for the period 1998 to 2000 inclusive or a calculated level of consumption of 0.2 kilograms per capita, whichever is the lower, as the basis for determining its compliance with the control measures relating to consumption. (c) For controlled substances under Annex A, either the average of its annual calculated level of production for the period 1995 to 1997 inclusive or a calculated level of production of 0.3 kilograms per capita, whichever is the lower, as the basis for determining its compliance with the control measures relating to production.

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If a Party operating under paragraph 1 of this Article, at any time before the control measures obligations in Articles 2A to 2I become applicable to it, finds itself unable to obtain an adequate supply of controlled substances, it may notify this to the Secretariat. The Secretariat shall forthwith transmit a copy of such notification to the Parties, which shall consider the matter at their next Meeting, and decide upon appropriate action to be taken.

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(d) For controlled substances under Annex B, either the average of its annual calculated level of production for the period 1998 to 2000 inclusive or a calculated level of production of 0.2 kilograms per capita, whichever is the lower, as the basis for determining its compliance with the control measures relating to production.

Developing the capacity to fulfil the obligations of the Parties operating under paragraph 1 of this Article to comply with the control measures set out in Articles 2A to 2E and Article 2I, and any control measures in Articles 2F to 2H that are decided pursuant to paragraph 1 bis of this Article, and their implementation by those same Parties will depend upon the effective implementation of the financial co-operation as provided by Article 10 and the transfer of technology as provided by Article 10 A.

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6.

Any Party operating under paragraph 1 of this Article may, at any time, notify the Secretariat in writing that, having taken all practicable steps it is unable to implement any or all of the obligations laid down in Articles 2A to 2E and Article 2I, or any or all obligations in Articles 2F to 2H that are decided pursuant to paragraph 1 bis of this Article, due to the inadequate implementation of Articles 10 and 10A. The Secretariat shall forthwith transmit a copy of the notification to the Parties, which shall consider the matter at their next Meeting, giving due recognition to paragraph 5 of this Article and shall decide upon appropriate action to be taken.

7.

During the period between notification and the Meeting of the Parties at which the appropriate action referred to in paragraph 6 above is to be decided, or for a further period if the Meeting of the Parties so decides, the non-compliance procedures referred to in Article 8 shall not be invoked against the notifying Party.


8.

A Meeting of the Parties shall review, not later than 1995, the situation of the Parties operating under paragraph 1 of this Article, including the effective implementation of financial co-operation and transfer of technology to them, and adopt such revisions that may be deemed necessary regarding the schedule of control measures applicable to those Parties.

8 bis. Based on the conclusions of the review referred to in paragraph 8 above: (a) With respect to the controlled substances in Annex A, a Party operating under paragraph 1 of this Article shall, in order to meet its basic domestic needs, be entitled to delay for ten years its compliance with the control measures adopted by the Second Meeting of the Parties in London, 29 June 1990, and reference by the Protocol to Articles 2A and 2B shall be read accordingly;

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(b) With respect to the controlled substances in Annex B, a Party operating under paragraph 1 of this Article shall, in order to meet its basic domestic needs, be entitled to delay for ten years its compliance with the control measures adopted by the Second Meeting of the Parties in London, 29 June 1990, and reference by the Protocol to Articles 2C to 2E shall be read accordingly. 8 ter. Pursuant to paragraph 1 bis above:

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(a) Each Party operating under paragraph 1 of this Article shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 2016, and in each twelvemonth period thereafter, its calculated level of consumption of the controlled substances in Group I of Annex C does not exceed, annually, its calculated level of consumption in 2015. As of 1 January 2016 each Party operating under paragraph 1 of this Article shall comply with the control measures set out in paragraph 8 of Article 2F and, as the basis for its compliance with these control measures, it shall use the average of its calculated levels of production and consumption in 2015;

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(b) Each Party operating under paragraph 1 of this Article shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 2040, and in each twelve month period thereafter, its calculated level of consumption of the controlled substances in Group I of Annex C does not exceed zero; (c) Each Party operating under paragraph 1 of this Article shall comply with Article 2G;

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(d) With regard to the controlled substance contained in Annex E: (i)

As of 1 January 2002 each Party operating under paragraph 1 of this Article shall comply with the control measures set out in paragraph 1 of Article 2H and, as the basis for its compliance with these control measures, it shall use the average of its annual calculated level of consumption and production, respectively, for the period of 1995 to 1998 inclusive;

(ii) Each Party operating under paragraph 1 of this Article shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 2005, and in each twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated levels of consumption and production of the controlled substance in Annex E do not exceed, annually, eighty per cent of the average of its annual calculated levels of consumption and production, respectively, for the period of 1995 to 1998 inclusive;


(iii) Each Party operating under paragraph 1 of this Article shall ensure that for the twelve-month period commencing on 1 January 2015 and in each twelve-month period thereafter, its calculated levels of consumption and production of the controlled substance in Annex E do not exceed zero. This paragraph will apply save to the extent that the Parties decide to permit the level of production or consumption that is necessary to satisfy uses agreed by them to be critical uses; (iv) The calculated levels of consumption and production under this subparagraph shall not include the amounts used by the Party for quarantine and pre-shipment applications. Decisions of the Parties referred to in paragraph 4, 6 and 7 of this Article shall be taken according to the same procedure applied to decision-making under Article 10.

Article 6:

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Assessment and review of control measures

Article 7:

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Beginning in 1990, and at least every four years thereafter, the Parties shall assess the control measures provided for in Article 2 and Articles 2A to 2I on the basis of available scientific, environmental, technical and economic information. At least one year before each assessment, the Parties shall convene appropriate panels of experts qualified in the fields mentioned and determine the composition and terms of reference of any such panels. Within one year of being convened, the panels will report their conclusions, through the Secretariat, to the Parties. Reporting of data

Each Party shall provide to the Secretariat, within three months of becoming a Party, statistical data on its production, imports and exports of each of the controlled substances in Annex A for the year 1986, or the best possible estimates of such data where actual data are not available.

2.

Each Party shall provide to the Secretariat statistical data on its production, imports and exports of each of the controlled substances

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in Annex B and Annexes I and II of Group C for the year 1989;

in Annex E, for the year 1991,

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or the best possible estimates of such data where actual data are not available, not later than three months after the date when the provisions set out in the Protocol with regard to the substances in Annexes B, C and E respectively enter into force for that Party.

3.

Each Party shall provide to the Secretariat statistical data on its annual production (as defined in paragraph 5 of Article 1) of each of the controlled substances listed in Annexes A, B, C and E and, separately, for each substance, Amounts used for feedstocks,

Amounts destroyed by technologies approved by the Parties, and Imports from and exports to Parties and non-Parties respectively, for the year during which provisions concerning the substances in Annexes A, B, C and E respectively entered into force for that Party and for each year thereafter. Each Party shall provide to the Secretariat statistical data on the annual amount of the controlled substance listed in Annex E used for quarantine and pre-shipment


applications. Data shall be forwarded not later than nine months after the end of the year to which the data relate. 3 bis. Each Party shall provide to the Secretariat separate statistical data of its annual imports and exports of each of the controlled substances listed in Group II of Annex A and Group I of Annex C that have been recycled. For Parties operating under the provisions of paragraph 8 (a) of Article 2, the requirements in paragraphs 1, 2, 3 and 3 bis of this Article in respect of statistical data on imports and exports shall be satisfied if the regional economic integration organization concerned provides data on imports and exports between the organization and States that are not members of that organization.

Article 8:

Non-compliance

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The Parties, at their first meeting, shall consider and approve procedures and institutional mechanisms for determining non-compliance with the provisions of this Protocol and for treatment of Parties found to be in non-compliance. Article 9:

The Parties shall co-operate, consistent with their national laws, regulations and practices and taking into account in particular the needs of developing countries, in promoting, directly or through competent international bodies, research, development and exchange of information on:

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Research, development, public awareness and exchange of information

(a) best technologies for improving the containment, recovery, recycling, or destruction of controlled substances or otherwise reducing their emissions;

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(b) possible alternatives to controlled substances, to products containing such substances, and to products manufactured with them; and (c) costs and benefits of relevant control strategies. The Parties, individually, jointly or through competent international bodies, shall cooperate in promoting public awareness of the environmental effects of the emissions of controlled substances and other substances that deplete the ozone layer.

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3.

Within two years of the entry into force of this Protocol and every two years thereafter, each Party shall submit to the Secretariat a summary of the activities it has conducted pursuant to this Article. Financial mechanism

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Article 10: 1.

The Parties shall establish a mechanism for the purposes of providing financial and technical co-operation, including the transfer of technologies, to Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5 of this Protocol to enable their compliance with the control measures set out in Articles 2A to 2E and Article 2I, and any control measures in Articles 2F to 2H that are decided pursuant to paragraph 1 bis of Article 5 of the Protocol. The mechanism, contributions to which shall be additional to other financial transfers to Parties operating under that paragraph, shall meet all agreed incremental costs of such Parties in order to enable their compliance with the control measures of the Protocol. An indicative list of the categories of incremental costs shall be decided by the meeting of the Parties.

2.

The mechanism established under paragraph 1 shall include a Multilateral Fund. It may also include other means of multilateral, regional and bilateral co-operation.


3.

The Multilateral Fund shall: (a) Meet, on a grant or concessional basis as appropriate, and according to criteria to be decided upon by the Parties, the agreed incremental costs; (b) Finance clearing-house functions to: (i) Assist Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5, through country specific studies and other technical co-operation, to identify their needs for cooperation; (ii) Facilitate technical co-operation to meet these identified needs;

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(iii) Distribute, as provided for in Article 9, information and relevant materials, and hold workshops, training sessions, and other related activities, for the benefit of Parties that are developing countries; and (iv) Facilitate and monitor other multilateral, regional and bilateral co-operation available to Parties that are developing countries; (c) Finance the secretarial services of the Multilateral Fund and related support costs. The Multilateral Fund shall operate under the authority of the Parties who shall decide on its overall policies.

5.

The Parties shall establish an Executive Committee to develop and monitor the implementation of specific operational policies, guidelines and administrative arrangements, including the disbursement of resources, for the purpose of achieving the objectives of the Multilateral Fund. The Executive Committee shall discharge its tasks and responsibilities, specified in its terms of reference as agreed by the Parties, with the co-operation and assistance of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank), the United Nations Environment Programme, the United Nations Development Programme or other appropriate agencies depending on their respective areas of expertise. The members of the Executive Committee, which shall be selected on the basis of a balanced representation of the Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5 and of the Parties not so operating, shall be endorsed by the Parties.

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4.

The Multilateral Fund shall be financed by contributions from Parties not operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5 in convertible currency or, in certain circumstances, in kind and/or in national currency, on the basis of the United Nations scale of assessments. Contributions by other Parties shall be encouraged. Bilateral and, in particular cases agreed by a decision of the Parties, regional co-operation may, up to a percentage and consistent with any criteria to be specified by decision of the Parties, be considered as a contribution to the Multilateral Fund, provided that such co-operation, as a minimum:

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6.

(a) Strictly relates to compliance with the provisions of this Protocol; (b) Provides additional resources; and (c) Meets agreed incremental costs. 7.

The Parties shall decide upon the programme budget of the Multilateral Fund for each fiscal period and upon the percentage of contributions of the individual Parties thereto. Resources under the Multilateral Fund shall be disbursed with the concurrence of the beneficiary Party.


8.

Decisions by the Parties under this Article shall be taken by consensus whenever possible. If all efforts at consensus have been exhausted and no agreement reached, decisions shall be adopted by a two-thirds majority vote of the Parties present and voting, representing a majority of the Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5 present and voting and a majority of the Parties not so operating present and voting.

9.

The financial mechanism set out in this Article is without prejudice to any future arrangements that may be developed with respect to other environmental issues.

Article 10A: Transfer of technology

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Each Party shall take every practicable step, consistent with the programmes supported by the financial mechanism, to ensure: (a) that the best available, environmentally safe substitutes and related technologies are expeditiously transferred to Parties operating under paragraph 1 of Article 5; and (b) that the transfers referred to in subparagraph (a) occur under fair and most favourable conditions. Article 11:

Meetings of the parties

The Parties shall hold meetings at regular intervals. The Secretariat shall convene the first meeting of the Parties not later than one year after the date of the entry into force of this Protocol and in conjunction with a meeting of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention, if a meeting of the latter is scheduled within that period.

2.

Subsequent ordinary meetings of the parties shall be held, unless the Parties otherwise decide, in conjunction with meetings of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention. Extraordinary meetings of the Parties shall be held at such other times as may be deemed necessary by a meeting of the Parties, or at the written request of any Party, provided that within six months of such a request being communicated to them by the Secretariat, it is supported by at least one third of the Parties.

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1.

3.

The Parties, at their first meeting, shall: (a) adopt by consensus rules of procedure for their meetings; (b) adopt by consensus the financial rules referred to in paragraph 2 of Article 13;

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(c) establish the panels and determine the terms of reference referred to in Article 6; (d) consider and approve the procedures and institutional mechanisms specified in Article 8; and

(e) begin preparation of workplans pursuant to paragraph 3 of Article 10.

4.

The functions of the meetings of the Parties shall be to: (a) review the implementation of this Protocol; (b) decide on any adjustments or reductions referred to in paragraph 9 of Article 2; (c) decide on any addition to, insertion in or removal from any annex of substances and on related control measures in accordance with paragraph 10 of Article 2; (d) establish, where necessary, guidelines or procedures for reporting of information


as provided for in Article 7 and paragraph 3 of Article 9; (e) review requests for technical assistance submitted pursuant to paragraph 2 of Article 10; (f) review reports prepared by the secretariat pursuant to subparagraph (c) of Article 12; (g) assess, in accordance with Article 6, the control measures; (h) consider and adopt, as required, proposals for amendment of this Protocol or any annex and for any new annex; (j)

consider and undertake any additional action that may be required for the achievement of the purposes of this Protocol.

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consider and adopt the budget for implementing this Protocol; and

The United Nations, its specialized agencies and the International Atomic Energy Agency, as well as any State not party to this Protocol, may be represented at meetings of the Parties as observers. Any body or agency, whether national or international, governmental or non-governmental, qualified in fields relating to the protection of the ozone layer which has informed the secretariat of its wish to be represented at a meeting of the Parties as an observer may be admitted unless at least one third of the Parties present object. The admission and participation of observers shall be subject to the rules of procedure adopted by the Parties.

Article 12:

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5.

(i)

Secretariat

For the purposes of this Protocol, the Secretariat shall:

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(a) arrange for and service meetings of the Parties as provided for in Article 11; (b) receive and make available, upon request by a Party, data provided pursuant to Article 7; (c) prepare and distribute regularly to the Parties reports based on information received pursuant to Articles 7 and 9;

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(d) notify the Parties of any request for technical assistance received pursuant to Article 10 so as to facilitate the provision of such assistance; (e) encourage non-Parties to attend the meetings of the Parties as observers and to act in accordance with the provisions of this Protocol;

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(f) provide, as appropriate, the information and requests referred to in subparagraphs (c) and (d) to such non-party observers; and (g) perform such other functions for the achievement of the purposes of this Protocol as may be assigned to it by the Parties.

Article 13:

Financial provisions

1.

The funds required for the operation of this Protocol, including those for the functioning of the Secretariat related to this Protocol, shall be charged exclusively against contributions from the Parties.

2.

The Parties, at their first meeting, shall adopt by consensus financial rules for the operation of this Protocol.


Article 14:

Relationship of this Protocol to the Convention

Except as otherwise provided in this Protocol, the provisions of the Convention relating to its protocols shall apply to this Protocol. Article 15:

Signature

This Protocol shall be open for signature by States and by regional economic integration organizations in Montreal on 16 September 1987, in Ottawa from 17 September 1987 to 16 January 1988, and at United Nations Headquarters in New York from 17 January 1988 to 15 September 1988. Article 16:

Entry into force

This Protocol shall enter into force on 1 January 1989, provided that at least eleven instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval of the Protocol or accession thereto have been deposited by States or regional economic integration organizations representing at least two-thirds of 1986 estimated global consumption of the controlled substances, and the provisions of paragraph 1 of Article 17 of the Convention have been fulfilled. In the event that these conditions have not been fulfilled by that date, the Protocol shall enter into force on the ninetieth day following the date on which the conditions have been fulfilled.

2.

For the purposes of paragraph 1, any such instrument deposited by a regional economic integration organization shall not be counted as additional to those deposited by member States of such organization.

3.

After the entry into force of this Protocol, any State or regional economic integration organization shall become a Party to it on the ninetieth day following the date of deposit of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession.

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1.

Article 17:

Parties joining after entry into force

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Subject to Article 5, any State or regional economic integration organization which becomes a Party to this Protocol after the date of its entry into force, shall fulfil forthwith the sum of the obligations under Article 2, as well as under Articles 2A to 2I and Article 4, that apply at that date to the States and regional economic integration organizations that became Parties on the date the Protocol entered into force. Article 18:

Reservations

No reservations may be made to this Protocol. Withdrawal

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Article 19:

Any Party may withdraw from this Protocol by giving written notification to the Depositary at any time after four years of assuming the obligations specified in paragraph 1 of Article 2 A. Any such withdrawal shall take effect upon expiry of one year after the date of its receipt by the Depositary, or on such later date as may be specified in the notification of the withdrawal. Article 20:

Authentic texts

The original of this Protocol, of which the Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish texts are equally authentic, shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations. IN WITNESS WHEREOF THE UNDERSIGNED, BEING DULY AUTHORIZED TO THAT EFFECT, HAVE SIGNED THIS PROTOCOL. DONE AT MONTREAL THIS SIXTEENTH DAY OF SEPTEMBER, ONE THOUSAND NINE HUNDRED AND EIGHTY SEVEN.


Annex A:

Controlled substances

Group _______ Substance ____ Ozone-Depleting Potential* Group I CFCl3

(CFC-11)

1.0

CF2Cl2

(CFC-12)

1.0

C2F3Cl3

(CFC-113)

0.8

C2F4Cl2

(CFC-114)

1.0

C2F5Cl

(CFC-115)

0.6

CF2BrCl

(halon-1211)

CF3Br

(halon-1301)

C2F4Br2

(halon-2402)

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Group II 3.0

10.0

6.0

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* These ozone depleting potentials are estimates based on existing knowledge and will be reviewed and revised periodically.


Annex B:

Controlled substances

Group _______ Substance _____ Ozone-Depleting Potential Group I CF3Cl

(CFC-13)

1.0

C2FCl5

(CFC-111)

1.0

C2F2Cl4

(CFC-112)

1.0

C3FCl7

(CFC-211) (CFC-212)

C3F3Cl5

(CFC-213)

C3F4Cl4

(CFC-214)

C3F5Cl3

(CFC-215)

C3F6Cl2

(CFC-216)

C3F7Cl

(CFC-217)

Group II carbon tetrachloride

Group III

1.0

C2H3Cl3* 1,1,1-trichloroethane* (methyl chloroform)

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* This formula does not refer to 1,1,2-trichloroethane.

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1.0 1.0

1.0

1.0

1.1

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CCl4

1.0

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C3F2Cl6

1.0

0.1


Annex C:

Controlled substances

Number of Ozone-Depleting Group _______ Substance ___ isomers ________Potential Group I (HCFC-21)**

1

0.04

CHF2Cl

(HCFC-22)**

1

0.055

CH2FCl

(HCFC-31)

1

0.02

C2HFCl4

(HCFC-121)

2

0.01-0.04

C2HF2Cl3

(HCFC-122)

3

0.02-0.08

C2HF3Cl2

(HCFC-123)

3

0.02-0.06

CHCl2CF3

(HCFC-123)**

-

0.02

C2HF4Cl

(HCFC-124)

2

0.02-0.04

CHFClCF3

(HCFC-124)**

-

0.022

C2H2FCl3

(HCFC-131)

3

0.007-0.05

C2H2F2Cl2

(HCFC-132)

4

0.008-0.05

C2H2F3Cl

(HCFC-133)

3

0.02-0.06

C2H3FCl2

(HCFC-141)

3

0.005-0.07

CH3CFCl2

(HCFC-141b)**

-

0.11

C2H3F2Cl

(HCFC-142)

3

0.008-0.07

CH3CF2Cl

(HCFC-142b)**

-

0.065

C2H4FCl

(HCFC-151)

2

0.003-0.005

C3HFCl6

(HCFC-221)

5

0.015-0.07

C3HF2Cl5

(HCFC-222)

9

0.01-0.09

C3HF3Cl4

(HCFC-223)

12

0.01-0.08

C3HF4Cl3

(HCFC-224)

12

0.01-0.09

C3HF5Cl2

(HCFC-225)

9

0.02-0.07

CF3CF2CHCl2 (HCFC-225ca)**

-

0.025

CF2ClCF2CHClF (HCFC-225cb)**

-

0.033

C3HF6Cl

(HCFC-226)

5

0.02-0.10

C3H2FCl5

(HCFC-231)

9

0.05-0.09

C3H2F2Cl4

(HCFC-232)

16

0.008-0.10

C3H2F3Cl3

(HCFC-233)

18

0.007-0.23

C3H2F4Cl2

(HCFC-234)

16

0.01-0.28

C3H2F5Cl

(HCFC-235)

9

0.03-0.52

C3H3FCl4

(HCFC-241)

12

0.004-0.09

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CHFCl2


(HCFC-242)

18

0.005-0.13

C3H3F3Cl2

(HCFC-243)

18

0.007-0.12

C3H3F4Cl

(HCFC-244)

12

0.009-0.14

C3H4FCl3

(HCFC-251)

12

0.001-0.01

C3H4F2Cl2

(HCFC-252)

16

0.005-0.04

C3H4F3Cl

(HCFC-253)

12

0.003-0.03

C3H5FCl2

(HCFC-261)

9

0.002-0.02

C3H5F2Cl

(HCFC-262)

9

0.002-0.02

C3H6FCl

(HCFC-271)

5

0.001-0.03

Group II CHFBr2

1

CHF2Br

(HBFC-22B1)

1.00

CH2FBr

C2HF3Br2 C2HF4Br

0.74

1

0.73

2

0.3-0.8

3

0.5-1.8

3

0.4-1.6

2

0.7-1.2

3

0.1-1.1

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C2H2FBr3

1

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C2HFBr4 C2HF2Br3

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C3H3F2Cl3

4

0.2-1.5

C2H2F3Br

3

0.7-1.6

C2H3FBr2

3

0.1-1.7

C2H3F2Br

3

0.2-1.1

C2H4FBr

2

0.07-0.1

C3HFBr6

5

0.3-1.5

C3HF2Br5

9

0.2-1.9

C3HF3Br4

12

0.3-1.8

C3HF4Br3

12

0.5-2.2

C3HF5Br2

9

0.9-2.0

C3HF6Br

5

0.7-3.3

C3H2FBr5

9

0.1-1.9

C3H2F2Br4

16

0.2-2.1

C3H2F3Br3

18

0.2-5.6

C3H2F4Br2

16

0.3-7.5

C3H2F5Br

8

0.9-14.0

C3H3FBr4

12

0.08-1.9

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C2H2F2Br2


18

0.1-3.1

C3H3F3Br2

18

0.1-2.5

C3H3F4Br

12

0.3-4.4

C3H4FBr3

12

0.03-0.3

C3H4F2Br2

16

0.1-1.0

C3H4F3Br

12

0.07-0.8

C3H5FBr2

9

0.04-0.4

C3H5F2Br

9

0.07-0.8

C3H6FBr

5

0.02-0.7

Group III CH2BrCl bromochloromethane

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C3H3F2Br3

1

0.12

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* Where a range of ODPs is indicated, the highest value in that range shall be used for the purposes of the Protocol. The ODPs listed as a single value have been determined from calculations based on laboratory measurements. Those listed as a range are based on estimates and are less certain. The range pertains to an isomeric group. The upper value is the estimate of the ODP of the isomer with the highest ODP, and the lower value is the estimate of the ODP of the isomer with the lowest ODP.

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** Identifies the most commercially viable substances with ODP values listed against them to be used for the purposes of the Protocol.


Annex D:*

A list of products** containing controlled substances specified in Annex A

Customs code Products _______________________________number 1. Automobile and truck air conditioning units (whether incorporated in vehicles or not)

..............

2. Domestic and commercial refrigeration and air ..............

e.g.

Refrigerators

..............

Freezers

...............

Dehumidifiers Water coolers Ice machines

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conditioning/heat pump equipment* * *

...............

............... ...............

Air conditioning and heat pump ...............

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units

...............

4. Portable fire extinguisher

...............

5. Insulation boards, panels and pipe covers

...............

6. Pre-polymers

...............

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3. Aerosol products, except medical aerosols

This Annex was adopted by the Third Meeting of the Parties in Nairobi, 21 June 1991 as required by paragraph 3 of Article 4 of the Protocol.

**

Though not when transported in consignments of personal or household effects or in similar non-commercial situations normally exempted from customs attention.

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*

When containing controlled substances in Annex A as a refrigerant and/or in insulating material of the product.

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***


Annex E:

Controlled substance

Group _____ Substance _____ Ozone-Depleting Potential Group I methyl bromide

0.6

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CH3Br


Resolution MEPC.159(55) Revised Guidelines on Implementation of Effluent Standards and Performance Tests for Sewage Treatment Plants - (Adopted on 13 October 2006) The Marine Environment Protection Committee, . RECALLING Article 38(a) of the Convention on the International Maritime Organization concerning the functions of the Marine Environment Protection Committee (the Committee) conferred upon it by international conventions for the prevention and control of marine pollution,

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. NOTING resolution MEPC.2(VI) adopted on 3 December 1976 by which the Marine Environment Protection Committee adopted, at its sixth session, the Recommendation on International Effluent Standards and Guidelines for Performance Tests for Sewage Treatment Plants and invited Governments to apply the Effluent Standards and Guidelines for approving sewage treatment plants; to take steps to establish testing programmes in accordance with the Guidelines for Performance Tests; and provide the Organization with a list of sewage treatment plants meeting the standards, . NOTING ALSO resolution MEPC.115(51) adopted on 1 April 2004 by which the Marine Environment Protection Committee adopted, at its fifty-first session, the revised MARPOL Annex IV and which entered into force on 1 August 2005,

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. NOTING FURTHER the provisions of regulation 9.1.1 of MARPOL Annex IV, in which reference is made to the above-mentioned guidelines,

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. RECOGNIZING that resolution MEPC.2(VI) should be amended in order that current trends for the protection of the marine environment and developments in the design and effectiveness of commercially available sewage treatment plants be reflected; and the proliferation of differing unilateral more stringent standards that might be imposed worldwide be avoided, . HAVING CONSIDERED the recommendation made by the Sub-Committee on Bulk Liquids and Gases, at its tenth session,

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1.. ADOPTS the Revised Guidelines on Implementation of Effluent Standards and Performance Tests for Sewage Treatment Plants, the text of which is set out in the Annex to this resolution; 2.. INVITES Governments to:

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(a). implement the Revised Guidelines on Implementation of Effluent Standards and Performance Tests for Sewage Treatment Plants and apply them so that all equipment installed on board on or after 1 January 2010 meets the Revised Guidelines in so far as is reasonable and practicable; and (b). provide the Organization with information on experiences gained from their application and, in particular, on successful testing of equipment against the Standards; 3.. FURTHER INVITES Governments to issue an appropriate "Certificate of type approval for Sewage Treatment Plants" as referred to in paragraph 5.4.2 and the annex of the Revised Guidelines and to recognize such certificates issued under the authority of other Governments as having the same validity as certificates issued by them; and 4.. SUPERSEDES the Recommendation on International Effluent Standards and Guidelines for Performance Tests for Sewage Treatment Plants contained in resolution MEPC.2(VI).


Annex - Revised Guidelines on Implementation of Effluent Standards and Performance Tests for Sewage Treatment Plants Revised Guidelines on Implementation of Effluent Standards and Performance Tests for Sewage Treatment Plants 1 Introduction 1.1. The Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC) of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) adopted resolution MEPC.2(VI) Recommendation on International Effluent Standards and Guidelines for Performance Tests for Sewage Treatment Plants in 1976.

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1.2. This document contains the Revised Guidelines on Implementation of Effluent Standards and Performance Tests for Sewage Treatment Plants (Guidelines). These Guidelines are intended to assist Administrations in establishing operational performance testing programmes for sewage treatment plants for the purpose of type approval under regulation 9.1.1 of Annex IV of the Convention.

2 Definitions

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1.3. These Guidelines apply to sewage treatment plants installed on board on or after 1 January 2010.

. Annex IV - the revised Annex IV of the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL 73/78) as amended by resolution MEPC.115(51).

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. Convention- the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships 1973/1978 (MARPOL 73/78). . Geometric mean - the nth root of the product of n numbers. . Greywater - is drainage from dishwater, shower, laundry, bath and washbasin drains.

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. Testing onboard - testing carried out on a sewage treatment plant that has been installed upon a ship. . Testing ashore - testing carried out on a sewage treatment plant prior to installation e.g. in the factory.

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. Thermotolerant coliforms - the group of coliform bacteria which produce gas from lactose in 48 hours at 44.5ยบC. These organisms are sometimes referred to as "faecal coliforms"; however, the term "thermotolerant coliforms" is now accepted as more appropriate, since not all of these organisms are of faecal origin. 3 General

3.1. An approved sewage treatment plant must meet the standards in section 4 and the tests outlined in these Guidelines. It should also be noted that, when ships are operating approved sewage treatment plants, Annex IV also provides that the effluent shall not produce visible floating solids or cause discolouration of the surrounding water. 3.2. It is acknowledged that the performance of sewage treatment plants may vary considerably when the system is tested ashore under simulated shipboard conditions or onboard a ship under actual operating conditions. Where testing ashore demonstrates that a system complies with the standards, but subsequent onboard testing does not meet the


standards, the Administration should determine the reason and take it into account when deciding whether to type approve the plant. 3.3. It is recognized that Administrations may wish to modify the specific details outlined in these Guidelines to take account of very large, very small or unique sewage treatment plants. 4 Standards 4.1. For the purpose of regulation 4.1 of Annex IV, a sewage treatment plant should satisfy the following effluent standards when tested for its Certificate of Type Approval by the Administration:

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.1. Thermotolerant Coliform Standard

The geometric mean of the thermotolerant coliform count of the samples of effluent taken during the test period should not exceed 100 thermotolerant coliforms/100 ml as determined by membrane filter, multiple tube fermentation or an equivalent analytical procedure. .2. Total Suspended Solids (TSS) Standard

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(c). The geometric mean of the total suspended solids content of the samples of effluent taken during the test period shall not exceed 35 mg/l.

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(d). Where the sewage treatment plant is tested onboard ship, the maximum total suspended solids content of the samples of effluent taken during the test period may be adjusted to take account of the total suspended solid content of the flushing water. In allowing this adjustment in maximum TSS, Administrations shall ensure sufficient tests of TSS are taken of the flushing water throughout the testing period to establish an accurate geometric mean to be used as the adjustment figure (defined as x). In no cases shall the maximum allowed TSS be greater than 35 plus x mg/l. Method of testing should be by:

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.1. filtration of representative sample through a 0.45 μm filter membrane, drying at 105°C and weighing; or .2. centrifuging of a representative sample (for at least five minutes with mean acceleration of 2,800-3,200 g), drying at least 105°C and weighing; or

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.3. other internationally accepted equivalent test standard. .3. Biochemical Oxygen Demand and Chemical Oxygen Demand

Administrations should satisfy themselves that the sewage treatment plant is designed to reduce both soluble and insoluble organic substances to meet the requirement that, the geometric mean of 5-day Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD5) of the samples of effluent taken during the test period does not exceed 25 mg/l and the Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) does not exceed 125 mg/l. The test method standard should be ISO 15705:2002 for COD and ISO 5815-1:2003 for BOD5, or other internationally accepted equivalent test standards. .4. pH The pH of the samples of effluent taken during the test period shall be between 6 and 8.5. .5. Zero or non-detected values


For thermolerant coliforms, zero values should be replaced with a value of 1 thermotolerant coliform/100 ml to allow the calculation of the geometric mean. For total suspended solids, biochemical oxygen demand and chemical oxygen demand, values below the limit of detection should be replaced with one half the limit of detection to allow the calculation of the geometric mean. 4.2. Where the sewage treatment plant has been tested ashore, the initial survey should include installation and commissioning of the sewage treatment plant. 5 Testing Considerations

5.2. Raw sewage quality

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5.1. Testing of the operational performance of a sewage treatment plant should be conducted in accordance with the following subparagraphs. Unless otherwise noted, the subparagraphs apply to testing both onboard and ashore.

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5.2.1. Sewage treatment plants tested ashore - the influent should be fresh sewage consisting of faecal matter, urine, toilet paper and flush water to which, for testing purposes primary sewage sludge has been added as necessary to attain a minimum total suspended solids concentration appropriate for the number of persons and hydraulic loading for which the sewage treatment plant will be certified. The testing should take into account the type of system (for example vacuum or gravity toilets) and any water or greywater that may be added for flushing to the sewage before treatment. In any case the influent concentration of total suspended solids should be no less than 500 mg/l.

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5.2.2. Sewage treatment plants tested onboard - the influent may consist of the sewage generated under normal operational conditions. In any case the average influent concentration of total suspended solids should be no less than 500 mg/l. 5.3. Duration and timing of test

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5.3.1. The duration of the test period should be a minimum of 10 days and should be timed to capture normal operational conditions, taking into account the type of system and the number of persons and hydraulic loading for which the sewage treatment plant will be type approved. The test should commence after steady-state conditions have been reached by the sewage treatment plant under test. 5.4. Loading factors

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5.4.1. During the test period the sewage treatment plant should be tested under conditions of minimum, average and maximum volumetric loadings. .1. For testing ashore, these loadings will be as laid down in the manufacturerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s specifications. Figure 1 shows suggested timings for sampling each loading factor. .2. For testing onboard, minimum loading will represent that generated by the number of persons on the ship when it is alongside in port, and average and maximum loadings will represent those generated by the number of persons on the ship at sea and will take account of meal times and watch rotations.

5.4.2. The Administration should undertake to assess the capability of the sewage treatment plant to produce an effluent in accordance with the standards prescribed by section 4 following minimum, average and maximum volumetric loadings. The range of conditions under which the effluent standards were met should be recorded on the


Certificate of Type Approval. The form of the Certificate of Type Approval and appendix is set out in the annex to these Guidelines. 5.5. Sampling methods and frequency 5.5.1. Administrations should ensure that the sewage treatment plant is installed in a manner which facilitates the collection of samples. Sampling should be carried out in a manner and at a frequency which is representative of the effluent quality. Figure 1 provides a suggested frequency for sampling, however, the frequency should take account of the residence time of the influent in the sewage treatment plant. A minimum of 40 effluent samples should be collected to allow a statistical analysis of the testing data (e.g. geometric mean, maximum, minimum, variance).

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5.5.2. An influent sample should be taken and analyzed for every effluent sample taken and the results recorded to ensure compliance with section 4. If possible, additional influent and effluent samples should be taken to allow for a margin of error. Samples should be appropriately preserved prior to analysis particularly if there is to be a significant delay between collection and analysis or during times of high ambient temperature.

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5.5.3. Any disinfectant residual in samples should be neutralized when the sample is collected to prevent unrealistic bacteria kill or chemical oxidation of organic matter by the disinfectant brought about by artificially extended contact times. Chlorine (if used) concentration and pH should be measured prior to neutralization.

Figure 1 Suggested hydraulic loading factors and sampling frequency for testing sewage treatment plants. May be modified as necessary to take account of characteristics of individual sewage treatment plants 5.6. Analytical testing of effluent 5.6.1. The Administration should give consideration to the recording of other parameters in addition to those required (thermotolerant coliforms, total suspended solids, BOD5, COD, pH and residual chlorine) with a view to future technological development. Parameters which might be considered include total solids, volatile solids, settlable solids, volatile


suspended solids, turbidity, total phosphorus, total organic carbon, total coliforms and faecal streptococci. 5.7. Disinfectant residual 5.7.1. The potential adverse environmental effects of many disinfectant residuals and byproducts, such as those associated with the use of chlorine or its compounds, are well recognized. It is, therefore, recommended that Administrations encourage the use of ozone, ultra-violet irradiation or any other disinfectants which minimize adverse environmental effects, whilst pursuing the thermotolerant coliform standard. When chlorine is used as a disinfectant, the Administration should be satisfied that the best technical practice is used to keep the disinfectant residual in the effluent below 0.5 mg/l.

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5.8. Scaling considerations 5.8.1. Only full-scale marine sewage treatment plants should be accepted for testing purposes. The Administration may certify a range of the manufacturerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s equipment sizes employing the same principles and technology, but due consideration must be given to limitations on performance which might arise from scaling up or scaling down. In the case of very large, very small or unique sewage treatment plants, certification may be based on results of prototype tests. Where possible, confirmatory tests should be performed on the final installation of such sewage treatment plants.

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5.9. Environmental testing of the sewage treatment plant

5.9.1. The Administration should be satisfied that the sewage treatment plant can operate under conditions of tilt consistent with internationally acceptable shipboard practice.

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5.9.2. Tests for certification should be carried out over the range of temperature and salinity specified by the manufacturer, and the Administration should be satisfied that such specifications are adequate for the conditions under which the equipment must operate. 5.9.3. Control and sensor components should be subjected to environmental testing to verify their suitability for marine use. The Test Specifications section in part 3 of the annex to resolution MEPC.107(49) provides guidance in this respect.

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5.9.4. Any limitation on the conditions of operation should be recorded on the Certificate. 5.9.5. The Administration should also consider requiring the manufacturer to include in the operating and maintenance manuals, a list of chemicals and materials suitable for use in the operation of the sewage treatment plant.

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5.10. Other considerations

5.10.1. The type and model of the sewage treatment plant and the name of the manufacturer should be noted by means of a durable label firmly affixed directly to the sewage treatment plant. This label should include the date of manufacture and any operational or installation limits considered necessary by the manufacturer or the Administration. 5.10.2. Administrations should examine the manufacturerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s installation, operating and maintenance manuals for adequacy and completeness. The ship should have on board at all times a manual detailing the operational and maintenance procedures for the sewage treatment plant. 5.10.3. Qualifications of testing facilities should be carefully examined by the Administration as a prerequisite to their participation in the testing programme. Every attempt should be made to assure uniformity among the various facilities.


6 Renewal and Additional Surveys 6.1. Administrations should endeavour to ensure, when conducting renewal or additional surveys in accordance with regulations 4.1.2 and 4.1.3 of Annex IV, that the sewage treatment plant continues to perform in accordance with the conditions outlined in regulation 4.1.1 of Annex IV. 7 Familiarization of Ship Personnel in the Use of the Sewage Treatment Plant

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7.1. Recognizing that the appropriate regulations relating to familiarization are contained within the Ships Safety Management Systems under the International Safety Management Code, Administrations are reminded that ship staff training should include familiarization in the operation and maintenance of the sewage treatment plant.


RESOLUTION MEPC.157(55) Adopted on 13 October 2006 RECOMMENDATION ON STANDARDS FOR THE RATE OF DISCHARGE OF UNTREATED SEWAGE FROM SHIPS The Marine Environment Protection Committee, RECALLING Article 38(a) of the Convention on the International Maritime Organization concerning the functions of the Marine Environment Protection Committee (the Committee) conferred upon it by international conventions for the prevention and control of marine pollution,

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NOTING resolution MEPC.115(51) by which the Committee adopted the revised MARPOL Annex IV, which entered into force on 1 August 2005, NOTING ALSO the provisions of regulation 11.1.1 of MARPOL Annex IV,

RECOGNIZING that untreated sewage that has been stored in holding tanks shall not be discharged instantaneously but that the discharge is to be undertaken at a moderate rate approved by the Administration based upon the standards developed by the Organization,

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HAVING CONSIDERED the recommendations made by the Sub-Committee on Bulk Liquids and Gases at its tenth session,

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1. ADOPTS the Recommendation on standards for the rate of discharge of untreated sewage from ships, the text of which is set out in the Annex to the present resolution; 2. RECOMMENDS member Governments to accept the rate of discharge based upon the annexed Standards,

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3. ENCOURAGES operators of ships that may have high discharge requirements to keep calculations of actual discharges to demonstrate compliance to the Administration and to port or coastal State authorities.


Annex - Recommendation on Standards for the Rate of Discharge of Untreated Sewage from Ships 1 Introduction

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1.1 Regulation 11.1.1 of the revised Annex IV of MARPOL 73/78 requires that untreated sewage, which may be discharged at more than 12 nautical miles from the nearest land, should not be discharged instantaneously but at a moderate rate of discharge when the ship is en route and proceeding at a speed not less than 4 knots, while the rate should be approved by the Administration based upon standards developed by the Organization. This Recommendation provides the standard and guidance for the approval and calculation of a moderate rate of discharge. 1.2 A moderate rate of discharge applies to the discharge of untreated sewage that has been stored in holding tanks.

2 Definitions

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1.3 This standard does not incorporate the dilution of sewage with water or greywater into calculations of the discharge rate. Therefore the rate is a conservative estimate and it is recognised that discharges of sewage in accordance with this standard will present a higher level of protection to the marine environment due to mixing prior to the actual discharge in addition to the mixing action of the shipâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s wake.

2.1 Swept volume means ship breadth x draft x distance travelled.

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2.2 Untreated sewage means sewage that has not been treated by a type approved sewage treatment plant, or that has not been comminuted and disinfected. 3 Discharge Rate

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3.1 The maximum permissible discharge rate is 1/200,000 (or one 200,000th part) of swept volume as follows: DRmax = 0.00926 V D B Where: DRmax is maximum permissible discharge rate (m3/h) V is shipâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s average speed (knots) over the period D is Draft (m) B is Breadth (m) 3.2 The maximum permissible discharge rate specified in 3.1 refers to the average rate as calculated over any 24 hour period, or the period of discharge if that is less, and may be exceeded by no more that 20% when measured on an hourly basis.


4 Approval of Rate by Administration 4.1 The Administration should approve the rate of discharge specified in 3.1 based upon the shipâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s maximum summer draft and maximum service speed1. Where sewage is to be discharged at a different combination of draft and speed one or more secondary discharge rates may also be approved2. 5 Method of Calculation

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5.1 The calculated swept volume of the ship is to be determined for drafts up to and including the summer draft assigned in accordance with Article 3 of International Convention on Load Lines, 1966. 5.2 Where a ship is to discharge sewage from a holding tank using a pump calibrated at a fixed rate, the pump can either be: - calibrated at a the rate permitted at 4 knots; or - calibrated for a specific minimum shipâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s speed in excess of 4 knots.

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5.3 Where the intended actual discharge rate exceeds that permissible at 4 knots, the actual discharge rate may need to be reduced or the speed increased. The rate and speed is to be detailed in the approval issued by the Administration. 6 Compliance with the Rate

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6.1 Before undertaking a sewage discharge in accordance with this standard, the crew member responsible for sewage operations should ensure that the ship is en route, is more than 12 nautical miles from the nearest land and the navigation speed is consistent with the discharge rate that has been approved by the Administration. Ships with high discharge requirements are encouraged to keep notes of calculations of the actual discharges to demonstrate compliance with the approved rate.

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The attention of ship operators and personnel is drawn to the reduction in permissible rate of discharge at reduced draft and/or speed. 2 Presentation may be tabular, refer to table below. For ships other than those having a high requirement for untreated sewage discharge, such as passenger ships and livestock carriers, the discharge rate criterion will generally not be exceeded at ship speed of 4 knots. DISCHARGE RATE (m3/h) SPEED (kt) 4 6 8 10 12 DRAFT (m) 5 4.63 6.94 9.26 11.57 13.89 6 5.56 8.33 11.11 13.89 16.67 7 6.48 9.72 12.96 16.20 19.45 8 7.41 11.11 14.82 18.52 22.22 9 8.33 12.50 16.67 20.83 25.00 ***


APPENDIX II – RELEVANT DRAWINGS / INFORMATION

Title

1.

Sanitary Drain System

2.

Sewage Collecting Tank

3.

Sewage Treatment Plant

4.

Bilge & Fire G.S. System

5. 6.

Bilge Oil Water Separator Operation – Installation and Maintenance Manual Marine Air Conditioning and Ventilation Plant – Marine Provision Refrigerating Plant Package Type Unit Cooler for Engine Control Room & Wheelhouse, Workshop, Galley

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7.

Dwg. No.

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No.


Sewage, Bilge Water & Refrigerant Systems Management Plans (SBR)