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FACTSHEET On 22 October 2020, the International alliance for the protection of heritage in conflict areas (ALIPH) committed 11,5 million USD to support 29 new projects in 14 countries in conflict or coming out of crisis. This brings the number of initiatives supported by the Foundation since 2018 to more than 100 projects in 22 countries for a total of 38 million USD. Under its 3rd call for projects (2020), ALIPH is supporting initiatives in 14 countries in three continents.

THE PROJECTS AFGHANISTAN 1. Archaeology and Conservation of Bala Hissar Citadel, Kabul (2 559 119 USD) Operator: Aga Khan Trust for Culture This ancient citadel of Bala Hissar towering over Kabul was an active military site until a recent presidential decree recognized its unique heritage value. This project will create an archaeological park at the citadel by conducting investigations and documentation, stabilizing the archaeological remains, and setting up educational facilities and a heritage trail so that this site and its remarkable history can be opened to the people of Kabul.

Bala Hissar Citadel, Kabul (c) Lark Abroad

(c) Aga Khan Cultural Services

2. Restoration and Rehabilitation of the Madrassa Sultan Hussain Baiqara, Herat (500 000 USD) Operator: Délégation archéologique française en Afghanistan (DAFA) Part of the monumental Mussala Complex, founded in the 15th century by Queen Gawhar Shad in Herat, the Madrassa Sultan Hussain Baiqara is one of the most emblematic remains of the Timurid architecture in Afghanistan. This project will restore the Madrassa and carry out surrounding landscaping work so that the site can ultimately be opened to the public. 3. Preservation of the Citadel, Arch, and Monumental Well of Bust, Lashkar Gah (250 000 USD) Operator: Délégation archéologique française en Afghanistan (DAFA) The citadel, arch, and monumental well of Bust are among the most recognizable monuments in Afghanistan and are featured on Afghani banknotes. They are part of the vast archaeological site of Lashkari Bazar, the winter capital of the Ghaznavid (10-12th century CE) and Ghurid (12-13th century CE) dynasties. The site was damaged by fighting and then occupied by refugees. This project will conserve the citadel and the arch, and clean and restore the well of Bust, while training and involving refugees from the area in project activities. 4. Murad Khani Revival, Kabul (249 230 USD) Operator: Turquoise Mountain Established in the 18th century, the Murad Khani area is one of the few remaining historical neighbourhoods in Kabul. This project will restore a Sufi Shrine, a public hammam, and two traditional houses in Murad Khani.

Afghan bill, 2008, showing the arch in Bust

Murad Khani (c) Turquoise Mountain


BANGLADESH 5. Rapid Emergency Documentation (RED) Program for UNESCO World Heritage in Bangladesh (229 133 USD) Operator: CyArk The historic Mosque of Bagerhat and the ruins of the Buddhist Vihara at Paharpur, among the country’s most important Muslim and Buddhist monuments respectively, are endangered by the effects of climate change. This project will create baseline documentation of both monuments and provide on the job training to local heritage professionals.

Shat Gombuj Masjid Mosque - (c) CyArk

BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA 6. Reconstruction of Joinery and Selected Storage Rooms of the National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sarajevo (599 511 USD) Operator: National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina This museum was on the frontlines during the war and the siege of Sarajevo (1992-1995). The project will contribute to its rehabilitation by reconstructing the Archaeology Department and the Department of Natural Sciences, including the storage rooms by strengthening the conservation of part of its collection. It will also contribute to the protection of the textile collection of the Ethnology Department.

(c) Archive, National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina - Dejan Kulijer

(c) Archive, National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina - Damir Ĺ agolj


CAMBODIA 7. Restoration of the Dancing Shiva of Koh Ker (255 178 USD) Operator: Ecole française d’Extrême-Orient In the north of Cambodia, a 5-metre tall statue of the dancing Shiva sat in the Red Temple of Koh Ker, dating from around 10th century CE. This masterpiece of Khmer heritage was smashed into thousands of fragments by looters during the civil war. This project consists of restoring the sculpture and training Cambodian professionals to plan the statue’s exhibition in a museum being built by local authorities.

(c) EFEO [GrezProdCunin] - 3D reconstruction

(c) EFEO Bourdonneau

DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO (DRC) 8. Foundations for the Implementation of a National Cultural Heritage Inventory (112 478 USD) Operator: ICOMOS International The rich cultural heritage of the Democratic Republic of Congo is threatened by looting and trafficking, now exacerbated by ethnic, political, and socio-economic tensions. To take the first step in protecting this heritage, this project will train local heritage specialists so that they can establish an inventory of national cultural heritage.

GEORGIA 9.Community Rehabilitation of a Missile-struck Medieval Tower (200 788 USD) Operator: International National Trusts Organisation (INTO) The 16-17th-century Tsiskarauli Tower was damaged by a missile in the 2001 Chechen war. After stabilizing the tower with the cooperation of Georgian and international volunteers, as well as experts from Georgia, France, and the UK, the project will work with the community to convert the monument into a local eco-tourism site.

(c) Comité Consultatif National pour la protection des biens culturels en cas de conflit armé, DRC 4

(c) Peter Nasmyth, National Trust of Georgia

IRAQ 10. The Mashki Gate Restoration, Mosul (1 092 342 USD) Operator: The University of Pennsylvania Unlike the other monuments of the Nineveh site that were explored by foreign teams, the Mashki Gate was excavated and rebuilt by Iraqi archaeologists and conservators. It was destroyed in 2016 by Daesh. The project will restore this exceptional architectural example and transform it into an educational center dedicated to the history of Nineveh.

11. First Aid Interventions to the World Heritage Site of Hatra after Daesh Occupation (562 643 USD) Operator: Associazione Internazionale di Studi sul Mediterraneo e l'Oriente (ISMEO) Located in an isolated area of the desert steppe of northern Iraq, Nineveh Governorate, Hatra is the best-preserved and most informative example of a Parthian city (2nd-3rd century BCE). It was occupied by Daesh in 2014 and placed on the World Heritage in Danger List in July 2015. This project will restore the sculptural decoration and one of the temples and provide on the job training to young Iraqi conservators and archaeologists.

Destruction of the Mashki Gate, as posted on social media by Daesh in 2016

Reassembling fragments at Hatra, Iraq (c) ISMEO

Hatra, Iraq c) ISMEO 5

IRAQ 12. Drone-based Geophysics Technique to Rapidly Screen Archaeological Sites: Ur, Eridu, Lagash and Umma in Southern Iraq (76 585 USD) Operator: The University of Basrah Major archaeological sites in Iraq are becoming endangered by a variety of natural and human threats, such as erosion, looting, and industrial development. This project will rapidly investigate, map, and identify the nature of these threats and the archaeological features of Ur, Eridu, Lagash, and Umma in southern Iraq. This documentation will provide the basis for an effective protection and management system for threatened sites. 13. The Ark Re-imagined - Phase 3: Revitalize the Watercraft Heritage along the TigrisEuphrates Watershed (262 870 USD) Operator: Safina Projects CIC Communities from the Tigris and Euphrates watershed hold a rich vernacular material culture and important traditional ecological knowledge. The operator will work with the local population and organizations to secure the transmission of traditional crafts, such as boatbuilding, and to create economically sustainable activities that capitalize on this heritage.

Drone-based geophysics techniques (c) Wisam Muttashar

The Ark Re-imagined (c) Rashad Salim

14. Preserving Intangible Heritage in Northern Iraq: Recipes, Embroidery, and Songs of Praise (105 000 USD) Operator: Abraham Path Initiative In the Nineveh Governorate of northern Iraq, a multiplicity of cultural identities has coexisted for centuries, representing different linguistic systems, ethnic communities, shifting political structures, and religious traditions. This project will organize workshops with internally and internationally displaced Iraqis to give them tools to protect their intangible heritage - such as stories, songs, and recipes - which has come under threat because of war, dictatorship, and neglect. (c) Stephanie SaldaĂąa 6

15. Rehabilitation of the Mosul Museum (Phase 3) Operators: MusĂŠe du Louvre, Smithsonian Institution, World Monuments Fund The Mosul Museum had a diverse collection, including prehistoric and neo-Assyrian objects from Nineveh, artifacts from Hatra, and an Islamic collection mostly from Mosul. Its destruction by Daesh in 2015 was highly publicized. Today, this museum and its collections are being secured and rehabilitated as part of a project funded since 2018 by ALIPH and implemented by the Louvre Museum and the Smithsonian Institution, in partnership with the Iraqi State Board of Antiquities and Heritage (SBAH). The newly-announced Phase 3 to finalize the building's rehabilitation will be carried out by the World Monuments Fund.

(c) SBAH

(c) SBAH

LIBYA 16. Documenting Endangered Cultural Heritage in Libya Using the Manar al-Athar Online Photo Archive (36 891 USD) The Manar al-Athar online photo archive at Operator: University of Oxford the University of Oxford provides high resolution, searchable images free of charge for teaching, research, heritage work, and publication. All images are labelled in Arabic and English. Manar al-Athar has received nearly 4,000 photographs of the Roman sites of Apollonia, Cyrene, Leptis Magna, Ptolemais and Sabratha, as well as Tocra and Gasr Gaama, and around 1,000 slides from the UNESCO Libyan Valley Survey Project (19791989). This project will annotate and publish these images, providing an invaluable resource for research, heritage management Theatre, Leptis Magna and protection, and the wider public interested (c) Andrew Wilson-Manar al-Athar in Libyan cultural heritage. 7

MAURITANIA 17. Spatial Documentation of the Chinguetti Mosque (46 500 USD) Operator: The Zamani Project, University of South Africa Chinguetti is considered one of Islam’s seven holy cities with a unique architecture now threatened by the shifting dunes of the Sahara and escalating tensions. The Chinguetti Mosque was founded in the 13th century, and its minaret is thought to be the second oldest still in continuous use in the world. This project will document the Chinguetti Mosque, creating a digital record for conservation, restoration, and preservation purposes or to promote local tourism and general awareness of the site.

NIGER 18. Documentation, Training and Restoration of the Old City of Agadez (168 364 USD) Operator: Imane-Atarikh The city of Agadez was built along caravan roads before the 15th century and boasts a rich diversity of architectural styles. The earthen-architecture houses built around the Great Mosque are each decorated with different complex shapes and patterns. The mosque's minaret is one of the tallest mudbrick structures in the world. Through a combination of drastic climate change, which has provoked flash floods, and civil unrest resulting in bombings in 2013, there is an urgent need for a comprehensive preservation of this site. This project will document and restore the Great Mosque and 20 surrounding houses, as well as contribute to local capacity building to ensure that the community has the tools to maintain these buildings.

(c) CC 3.0 - Chinguetti Mosque

Agadez (c) Imane Atarikh

PALESTINE 19. Rehabilitation of the Ali Salem Mansion, Beitillu (249 789 USD) Operator: RIWAQ - Centre for Architectural Conservation The restoration of the Ali Salem Mansion in Beitillu is part of a greater project to reinvigorate historic centers in rural Palestine and to safeguard its heritage. Once the restoration is complete, the mansion will be adapted for the use of the local women’s association.


PALESTINE 20. Preserving the Roman Archaeological Heritage of Nablus (387 030 USD) Operator: University of Campania Nablus (Neapolis) was a prosperous Roman city, with a 2nd-century CE theatre that could seat up to 7,000 people. The project will carry out research, documentation, and excavation of this ancient site in preparation for future conservation. This initiative will also partially restore the ancient theatre to allow for performances to be staged there in the future.

Askar Mausoleum, Nablus (c) Universita degli Studi della Campania Luigi Vanvitelli

Ali Salem Mansion in Beitillu (c) RIWAQ

NORTHEASTERN SYRIA 21. Restoring the Collection for the Museum of Raqqa (439 715 USD) Operator: La Guilde Européenne du Raid The Museum of Raqqa held an important collection of cultural and archaeological artifacts from pre-history to modern times. However, the museum suffered damage and looting in 2013. With the restoration of the museum’s building now completed, this project will carry out restorations of part of the remaining collection so that the museum may be re-opened. 22. Focus Raqqa 2.0 - Piloting the Retro-Inventory of the Museum of Raqqa (128 182 USD) Operator: Stiftung Preussischer Kulturbesitz Berlin This project will reconstruct the inventory of Raqqa Museum’s looted collection by compiling information from the museum and excavation data from German and Dutch archives. It will also support a new display in the museum by gathering background information on the objects.

Raqqa Museum, before restoration (c) Xavier de Lauzanne

Raqqa Museum, after restoration (c) Xavier de Lauzanne 9

NORTHEASTERN SYRIA 23. Enhancing the Local Capacity for Conservation and Stabilization in North-East Syria (365 747 USD) Operator: Fight for Humanity The northeastern region of Syria is rich in history, notable sites, and important artifacts. However, nearly a decade of armed conflict has endangered this cultural heritage. This project will contribute to protecting cultural artifacts against looting and illicit trafficking by improving security measures in storage facilities, and providing training in documentation, stabilization, and restoration. 24. Digitization of and Access to the Archaeological Archives of Saint Symeon (304 017 USD) Operator: UniversitĂŠ de Nanterre The sanctuary of Saint-Symeon, built in the 5th century CE, was a major late-antique Christian pilgrimage site and inscribed on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites in 2011. Located in northwest Aleppo, it was significantly damaged during recent conflict. While the site is currently inaccessible, this project will create a repository of digital documentation of the site, useful for future conservation work.

Syrian artifact (c) Fight forHumanity

(c) French archaeological mission of Saint-Symeon

TURKEY 25. Restoration of Ani Cathedral - "Gate to the Silk Road", Kars Province (400 000 USD) Operator: World Monuments Fund The cathedral of Ani in eastern Turkey, the most significant architectural structure remaining from the prosperous Armenian Bagratid Kingdom, requires urgent intervention to prevent it from collapsing.

(c) World Monuments Fund

(c) World Monuments Fund 10

YEMEN 26. Museums in Yemen: Safeguarding and Archiving Museum Objects (858 812 USD) Operator: Deutsches Archäologisches Institut (DAI) and Centre Français d’Archéologie et de Sciences sociales (CEFAS) Ongoing conflict in Yemen has led to the endangerment of cultural heritage, including the damage and looting of museums’ collections. The project will create an inventory of the collections of the Sana'a National Museum and four provincial museums. This will allow for their ongoing management and support the recovery of objects in the event of looting or illicit trafficking. 27. Reviving the Hammam Culture in the Old City of Sana’a (83 652 USD) Operator: Kahramana Centre This project will support the community of Sana’a in preserving their cultural traditions centered around hammams. It will carry out documentation and organize workshops with communities, helping them to create economically sustainable projects relating to hammams.

Sana'a National Museum (c) GOAM, Mohanad al-Sayani

Soap basket at a hammam (c) Kahramana Centre

28. Restoration of the Hammam al-Mudhaffar and Conservation Guidelines for the Historic City of Ta’izz (440 000 USD) Operator: World Monuments Fund The 13th-century hammam al-Mudhaffar in the Old City of Ta’izz is one of the oldest in Yemen. The project will rehabilitate and restore this hammam, a site embodying important social values for the community and a key location for rebuilding community resilience. It will also establish conservation guidelines for the protection of the Old City of Ta’izz, which will be critical for the city's post-conflict recovery.


YEMEN 29. Sustaining Yemen’s Heritage through Physical Interventions in Shibam and Investing in Human Capital (394 698 USD) Operator: Petra National Trust In Yemen, many heritage experts have been forced to leave the country or change careers in the face of ongoing conflict. To address this lack of capacity, this project will train Yemeni heritage experts and work with communities on the first defense lines to protect heritage sites from looting and acts of vandalism. This project will also develop sustainable business opportunities around heritage sites and tourism.

Roof of the Hammam al-Mudhaffar before the war (c) Birgitt Pajarola, 2007

Preserving the heritage of Yemen (c) Ministry of Culture, Yemen

Contact Sandra Bialystok, Communication and Partnerships Officer press@aliph-foundation.org +41 (0) 79 897 48 89


Profile for ALIPH Foundation

Factsheet: ALIPH 3rd Call for Projects (2020)  

On 22 October 2020, the International alliance for the protection of heritage in conflict areas (ALIPH) committed 11,5 million USD to suppor...

Factsheet: ALIPH 3rd Call for Projects (2020)  

On 22 October 2020, the International alliance for the protection of heritage in conflict areas (ALIPH) committed 11,5 million USD to suppor...