The Journal of the Australian Institute of Quantity Surveyors
THE MEGA ISSUE
FLYING HIGH WItH MEGA AIRPORTS EXPLORING THE UPS AND DOWNS OF THE NEW BREED OF AIRPORT
THINKING BIG WITH CLIVE PALMER
DIFFERENT DIRECTIONS AND BIG OPPORTUNITIES CONSTRUCTION PROFESSIONALS TAKING THIER WORKING LIVES IN NEW DIRECTIONS
I M P O R T A N T
W A R N I N G !
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1800 022 999 2 – THE BUILDING ECONOMIST September 2013
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10 16 28 22
THE ROLE OF THE QUANTITY SURVEYOR IN THE RESOURCES INDUSTRY Different Directions and BIG Opportunities BE speaks to Construction
Professionals that have taken their working lives in a different direction.
Managing Editor Jenna Harfield Executive Editor Emma Marshall Art Director Julian Brown - Nose to Tail Chief Executive Officer Michael Manikas
INSIGHT flying high with mega airports
The “aerotropolis” – new breed of airport – is looming as airports around the world are becoming bigger and better every year. BE hits the runways and explores the highs and lows of mega airports around the world.
CLIVE PALMER THINKS BIG WITH TITANIC II
Queensland’s Clive Palmer is cementing his place in history with a mega project of his own – the building of the replica ship Titanic II. Lynne Blundell discovers what the project is all about.
02 07 08 25 REGULARS 34 SEP 2013 C ON T EN T S
FROM THE president
Nuts & bolts
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THE BUILDING ECONOMIST – September 2013 – 1
COMMERCIAL OFFICE MARKET TAKES A TUMBLE According to the Property Council of Australiaâ€™s
is not surprising given subdued economic
Office Market Report, the average national vacancy
fundamentals and growth rates in white collar
rates across Australian CBDs has increased by two
employment having shrunk to a third of pre-GFC
percent in six months, with the worst hit being
Brisbane, where plummeting demand amid staff reductions in mining, public service and general
However, the report also predicted that until a
business saw vacancy rates jump from 9.3 per cent
massive amount of space hits the market in 2015,
to 12.8 per cent.
supply additions over the next two years are expected to come in below historic averages, relieving some
Property Council of Australia chief executive
downward pressure on the market.
officer, Peter Verwer, says the rise in vacancies
2 â€“ THE BUILDING ECONOMIST September 2013
SNAPSHOT IN BRIEF
SUSTAINABLE FUTURE PLANNED FOR PARRAMATTA Parramatta City Council has become
to Lord Mayor of Parramatta, Cr
the first local government in Australia to
John Chedid will be “based on good
seek a Green Star – Communities rating,
urban design, that is environmentally
with its commitment to achieving a 5 Star
sustainable, has vast, vibrant, beautiful
Green Star rating for its $1.6 billion urban
public spaces and an effective integrated
renewal development project.
public transport system.”
Parramatta Square is a three hectare, mixed use development which according
WORK BEGINS ON $700 MILLION PERTH STADIUM WORKS
MORETON BAY RAIL LINK TO BE BUILT A
$650 million agreement with the federal government, state
government and Moreton Bay Regional Council will see Thiess Group build the Moreton Bay Rail Link. The project will include 12 kilometres of new track that
Pre-construction work on the $700 million
finish in time for the 2018 AFL season, and
will connect the greater Brisbane to the
Perth Stadium is underway after an official
will include a 60,000 seat capacity, state of
rapidly expanding Moreton Bay region.
sod turning ceremony attended by State
the art configuration and seating, variable
Premier Colin Barnett and Sport and
lighting, public transport access and a
Major work is expected to begin early
Recreation Minister Terry Waldron.
footbridge across the Swan River linking
next year and the new line is expected
the stadium with East Perth.
to be completed and operational by
Building on the Burswood Peninsula is
June 2016, with the cost of the link
expected to begin in December 2014 and
expected to amount to a total of $1.147 billion.
THE BUILDING ECONOMIST – September 2013 – 3
CAIRNS CASINO A POSSIBILITY If approved, a $4.2 billion Macau-inspired resort and casino,
Queensland Deputy Premier Jeff Seeney confirmed that
known as the Aquis Great Barrier Reef Resort, could soon be
Aquis has earned preliminary approval with the project still
calling the Northern Queensland suburb of Cairns home.
to undergo environmental, social and economic assessments with the city. The proposal will also be subject to community
The 340 hectare complex aims to be a destination venue and
will feature nine luxury hotels as well as entertainment and retail functions, including an 18-hole golf course, aquarium, theatre and a 13-hectare reef lagoon.
4 â€“ THE BUILDING ECONOMIST September 2013
SNAPSHOT IN BRIEF
AN APOLOGY I
n last issue’s Nuts and Bolts an infographic was presented outlining
the influence of green. It contained an overview of each state and territories own green projects, but unfortunately the Australian Capital Territory was absent from this data. We would like to advise our readers that the ACT has 37 of the 542 Green Star Rated Projects within the country.
SECOND TALLEST BUILDING IN THE WORLD STANDS UP Saudi Arabia’s Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel in Mecca has now been displaced as the world’s second tallest building as the final beam of Shanghai Tower has been put into place.
NEW DEVELOPMENT APPROVED FOR VICTORIA’S DOCKLANDS A
new $130 million mixed use hotel development has been approved
for the new Digital Harbour Precinct of Victoria’s Docklands. Designed by architectural firm Moull Murray, the 37-storey residential and hotel building will consist of 360 apartments, a 4.5 star, 176 room
Standing at 632 metres (2,073 feet), the building is aiming for LEED Gold certification from
Sheraton Four Points hotel, a 200-
the US Green Building Council as well as a China Green Building Three Star rating, with
seat restaurant, swimming pool, gym,
sustainability measures expected to deliver savings to the tune of 34,000 metric tonnes
conference centre and 255 car spaces.
in carbon emissions per year.
THE BUILDING ECONOMIST – September 2013 – 5
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FROM THE president
THE Mega ISSUE It has been a privilege to serve as National
November, which was agreed upon at the board
to work together to better the education and
President of the AIQS for the last two years. The
meeting held in conjunction with the inaugural
opportunities for our members in mainland
journey has passed very quickly and as I prepare
Infinite Value Awards. This has simplified and
China. In the improvement of the training and
to finish my tenure I would like to take this
streamlined the entry pathway into the AIQS and
development of QS’ off-shore we are ensuring
opportunity to reflect on some of the highlights
has made the conditions of membership more
that the integrity of the profession is upheld
and key achievements during this time.
in-tune with the global market.
globally and encouraging collaboration within
We have seen some extraordinary changes
Our marketing team, lead by Jenna Harfield,
for the AIQS. Firstly we moved the AIQS
conducted the first Infinite Value Awards
This brings us to the current time where we
headquarters from Canberra to Sydney. This was
program culminating in the gala dinner in
have just returned from India and Sri Lanka
not without its challenges and was confidently
Melbourne last November. It was a very
having signed an MOU with the Indian Institute
organized through Michael Manikas’ leadership,
successful event and is due to be repeated this
of Quantity Surveyors (IIQS) and visited a
after taking the reigns as CEO in February 2012.
year in Sydney. It has become a hotly anticipated
number of Universities with a view to eventually
occasion in the AIQS social calendar. My
accrediting their courses for Quantity Surveyors.
congratulations to our inaugural winners, the
The trip was made possible by a grant from
standard of entries was extremely high and
the Australia-India Council and was a fantastic
all nominees should be commended for their
opportunity to take advantage of.
We took this move as a symbolic beginning of a new era for the Institute and enjoyed the opportunity to host a grand opening of the new office in Sydney, which was attended by the Executive Committee and the Chapter
contribution to our profession.
the industry as a whole.
It has been an action packed two years and one
Presidents. We had around 100 members
It would be remiss of me not to acknowledge the
that I reflect upon fondly. I will finish my term
in attendance as well as Councillor Shayne
contribution of the Judges who had an enormous
as President by attending the Chapter AGMs in
Mallard from the City of Sydney, who marked
task in selecting the award winners. No doubt
October / November and in delivering a paper
the occasion with a welcome speech and the
this year’s esteemed panel will have their
at the International Chapter Conference in
appropriate amount of ceremony.
work cut out for them. I wish you all the best
Bangkok. I will then hand the reigns over to the
of luck and look forward to congratulating the
next President who is elected into the position at
successful contenders on the night!
the November Council meeting.
partners and affiliates. The first face-to-face
The year closed as quickly as it began and it is
I would like to take this opportunity to thank
meeting of all the international delegates was held
hard to believe that we are fast approaching
the AIQS staff in Head Office for their efforts
in Bangkok with Michael and myself in attendance.
the end of 2013. This year has seen The
in making these last two years run smoothly,
I also had the pleasure of attending the PAQS
Articles of Association being amended at the
especially with all the changes and challenges
conference in Brunei last July where we held a
Special General Meeting in April. The changes
encountered during the period. I would also take
meeting with the local AIQS members. There were
acknowledged a series of terms and conditions
this opportunity to the Directors and staff at
32 members who attended a Q&A session with
that needed to be modernized to align the
Davis Langdon an AECOM Company who have
four past or present AIQS Presidents (Trevor Main,
Institution to the modern day.
supported me during this period and picked up
On the whole, 2012 can be summarised as a time of travel and the chance to meet many of our global
Michael Manikas, Denis Lenard and myself).
In May I travelled to Dubai and Qatar to
the slack when I have been absent from the office.
October then saw the first international Chapter
visit members and sign a Memorandum of
It has been an honour to be a part of this growing
AGM in Kuala Lumpur and I managed to attend
Understanding (MOU) with the Philippine
community of Quantity Surveying professionals
all the National Chapter AGMs with the exception
Institute of Certified Quantity Surveyors, the
and I will watch the Institute continue to advance
(ironically) of my hometown, the QLD Chapter. I
Institute of Incorporated Engineers Sri Lanka
with interest over the coming months and years.
was very pleased with the feedback, especially
and Herriot Watt University. This, along with
from Canberra regarding the move to Sydney
the other global ties we enjoy, serves to further
and the performance of our new team. A step
strengthen our position overseas and promote
we all believe has been a success and hugely
the role of the QS on a wider scale.
beneficial to the overall operation of the AIQS.
The PAQS Board meeting and conference was
In terms of overall advancements, a new
held in Xian, China, and we also held meetings
membership structure was adopted in
with our Chinese counterparts where we agreed
THE BUILDING ECONOMIST – September 2013 – 7
NUTS AND BOLTS
sky stats To compliment our feature article on Flying High with Mega Airports, Nuts and Bolts looks at the biggest and best of airports around the world.
1. SINGAPORE CHANGI AIRPORT 2. INCHEON INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT 3. AMSTERDAM SCHIPHOL AIRPORT 4. HONG KONG INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT 5. BEIJING CAPITAL INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT 6. MUNICH AIRPORT 7. ZURICH AIRPORT 8. VANCOUVER INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT 9. TOKYO INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT (HANEDA) 10. LONDON HEATHROW AIRPORT
THE BUSIEST 01
THE BUSIEST 02
HARTSFIELD–JACKSON ATLANTA INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
BEIJING CAPITAL INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
ATLANTA, GEORGIA, UNITED STATES
CHAOYANG, BEIJING, CHINA
PASSENGERS PER YEAR
PASSENGERS PER YEAR
THE BUSIEST 06
THE BUSIEST 07
LOS ANGELES INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
PARIS CHARLES DE GAULLE AIRPORT
LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA, UNITED STATES
MITRY-MORY, ÎLE-DE-FRANCE, FRANCE
PASSENGERS PER YEAR
PASSENGERS PER YEAR
PASSENGERS 2011 2,800,000,000 COMMERCIAL PLANES 2011 34,000
WORLD’S MOST EXPENSIVE: DUBAI WORLD CENTRAL INTERNATIONAL HONG KONG INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
THE BUSIEST 03
THE BUSIEST 04
THE BUSIEST 05
LONDON HEATHROW AIRPORT
TOKYO INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
O'HARE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
HILLINGDON, LONDON, UNITED KINGDOM
OTA, TOKYO, JAPAN
CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, UNITED STATES
THE BUSIEST 08
THE BUSIEST 09
THE BUSIEST 10
DALLAS-FORT WORTH INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
SOEKARNO-HATTA INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
DUBAI INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
DALLAS-FORT WORTH, TEXAS, UNITED STATES
CENGKARENG, TANGERANG, BANTEN, INDONESIA
GARHOUD, DUBAI, UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
PASSENGERS PER YEAR
PASSENGERS PER YEAR
PASSENGERS PER YEAR
PASSENGERS PER YEAR
THE BUSIEST 31 SYDNEY AIRPORT
SYDNEY, NEW SOUTH WALES, AUSTRALIA
PASSENGERS PER YEAR
PASSENGERS PER YEAR
THE BUSIEST 50
PASSENGERS PER YEAR
TULLAMARINE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
MELBOURNE, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA
PASSENGERS PER YEAR
SOURCE: Airports Council International (ACI)
Flying High with Mega Airports Considered the gateway to a country, airports around the world are becoming bigger and better every year. Millions are spent by governments and private construction companies as they attempt to put their airports on the map. With around 3 billion passengers taking flight every year, there is an increasing need to go beyond a simple airport concept and create a new breed of ‘aerotropolis’. BE hits the runways and explores the highs and lows of mega airports around the world. 10 – THE BUILDING ECONOMIST September 2013
When heading off overseas, whether on business or pleasure,
restaurants, cafes, bars, hotels and even recreational facilities.
airports are a necessary evil. Long lines and time wasted waiting
Not one to shy away from a bit of competition, the Middle East
to check in and go through the security gates, customs checks
is in a race to create the next mega travel destination with Abu
and the dreaded lost baggage can all feature in our negative
Dhabi, Qatar and Dubai all building new and improved facilities.
airport experiences. However, as passenger numbers keep
In fact, the Al-Maktoum International Airport in Dubai is
increasing – currently estimated to be around 3 billion per year
expected to overtake the Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA)
– airports are spreading their wings to make room and create a
as the most expensive airport in the world when it becomes fully
more positive travel experience.
operational in 2027.
Airports are now growing into the new ‘aerotropolis’ becoming
Whilst HKIA entered the Guinness Book of World Records for
destinations in their own right, featuring extensive shopping,
its *$20 billion construction, it will be surpassed by Dubai’s
THE BUILDING ECONOMIST – September 2013 – 11
golf courses and even residential housing
targeted by the three cities of Europe and
valued at $750,000, as well as an airfield
Asia is only set to rise by more than 120
that can handle the latest superjumbo
million passengers annually by 2031 –
jets. This will be no ordinary airport that
well below the new planned capacity.
much is clear. Also competing in the race to build the biggest and best airport, Abu Dhabi and Qatar are using state government money and pouring billions of dollars into this fast-expanding global aviation market. Glitzy indoor waterfalls will soon welcome more international traffic than London’s Heathrow Airport by 2015. With two-thirds of the world’s population within an eighthour flight time, these new aerotropolis’ will have the ideal geography to attract these millions of passengers. Speaking earlier this year about the new Abu Dhabi airport, Tony Douglas, Chief Executive of state-run Abu Dhabi Airports Co said “It will be instantly recognizable, like the Sydney Opera House or the Effiel Tower. It won’t be like any other airport you have been to.”
proposed airport, which falls within a 54-mile planned “city-within-a-city”
“Not everyone can be as successful as they are expecting,” said Mr Blondel. Not to be left behind, Australia has grown its own aerotropolis in sunny Queensland. Brisbane International Airport is Australia’s largest capital city airport by land size, the third largest on passenger numbers and the second busiest airport in Australia in relation to aircraft movements. Consistently recognised as a leading airport nationally and internationally, including being ranked as Australia’s No. 1 airport for quality of service nine years in a row by the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC) Brisbane is continuing to grow. It has over 50 construction and planning projects currently in delivery, including recently unveiling the final piece of
Big promises from the Middle East have
its $350-million Domestic Terminal
been met with caution from others within
Upgrade, as well as expanding its apron
the aviation sector.
and taxiway network, commencing early
and is forecast to cost $33 billion for its
An aviation specialist at management
infrastructure alone. Current plans reveal
consultancy Arthur D Little, Mathieu
an expansive plot that can accommodate
Blondel has been quick to point out that
hotels, shopping centres, two 18-hole
the total traffic between the main route
12 – THE BUILDING ECONOMIST September 2013
works on their New Parallel Runway (NPR) and developing its 2014 Master Plan, a 20-year look-ahead for the business. It has been one busy year for Brisbane and it’s set to get even busier.
More than 21 million people travel through
invested $1.3 billion in airport
first of its kind for an Australian airport.
BNE each year and forecasts show that
infrastructure. Over the next 10 years, it
Assessing this plan against best practice
passenger numbers are expected to
plans to inject over $2 billion, including
benchmarks for liveability, economic
rise from 21,500,000 in 2012 to around
the redevelopment of its International
prosperity, environmental sustainability,
48,700,000 in 2033/34, and the Brisbane
Terminal, multiple airfield upgrades,
design excellence, governance and
Airport Corporation is quick to recognise
access road upgrades and a number of
innovation will help the airport lay claim to
the importance of correct planning now.
new commercial buildings and facilities.
being Australia’s most sustainable airport.
“It will be instantly recognizable, like the Sydney Opera House or the Effiel Tower. It won’t be like any other airport you have been to.” (Abu Dhabi) “Over 20,000 people currently work at
However, whilst many could see this
Speaking at the recent announcement,
the airport precinct every day with this
constant development and growth into a
Brisbane Airport Corporation’s Property
number expected to exceed 50,000 by
mega airport as an assault on Australian
General Manager, Renaye Peters said,
2029 - the size of a regional town – with
landscape, the Brisbane Airport
“Our vision for this plan has always
tens of thousands either directly or
Corporation is quick to point out its
been to create a vibrant centre for
indirectly reliant on airport activity as a
commitment to sustainability. Combining
commerce, innovation and recreation and
source of employment,” says a Brisbane
green principles and the concrete of
an internationally recognised model of
Airport Corporation spokesperson.
runways is not easy, but Brisbane Airport
“This level of growth demands that we plan ahead to ensure appropriate and sustainable infrastructure and services, such as roads, terminals and technology are in place.” Since its privatisation in 1997, the Brisbane Airport Corporation has
has registered its Property Development Master Plan to achieve a Green Star – Communities PILOT rating from the Green Building Council of Australia.
“We welcome the opportunity to be involved in initiatives such as this pilot as it expands upon the environmental sustainability measures already in place, for example
The Property Development Master
the use of potable water and reduction in
Plan was released in 2012 as a 50-
electricity consumption, and will strengthen
year vision for the land which can be
Brisbane Airport’s reputation as Australia’s
developed around Brisbane Airport, the
green airport,” Ms Peters continued.
THE BUILDING ECONOMIST – September 2013 – 13
Whilst it may seem that this constant
The public planning inquiry for Terminal
“After half a century
airport expansion is getting too big,
5 was the longest in UK history and the
of vigorous debate but
the development and growth of these
current discussions of how to expand
little action, it is clear the UK
gateways is a necessity - just look at
Heathrow to meet with demand have
desperately needs a single hub
London’s Heathrow Airport.
included demolishing the airport completely
airport with the capacity to provide
and building a new airport elsewhere – a
the links to emerging economies which
plan estimated to cost around £70 billion
can boost UK jobs, GDP and trade. We are
and take years to complete. On the other
showing how that vision can be achieved
hand, the Board of Airline Representatives
whilst keeping the impact on local
Europe’s busiest airport has been stuck for years in the constant struggle between the “if, how and where” to grow,
“We are showing how that vision can be achieved whilst keeping the impact on local residents to an absolute minimum” all whilst trying to service the constantly increasing numbers of passengers travelling down its runways and through its doors.
have stated that they could build a new
residents to an absolute minimum,”
runway for £18 billion and when combined
with the two current runways, would provide sufficient capacity to meet demand at least
From its humble beginnings, transforming from a Royal Air Force base during the Second World War, to London’s new civil airport in January 1946, London Heathrow Airport has now grown to include the recently opened Terminal 5 and sees over 67
travel becomes increasingly possible for more people, and as countries compete
Heathrow has since submitted three
for the almighty tourist dollar, airport
options to the Airport Commission which
development and expansion is getting
would see the third runway placed to the
bigger, better, and taking off. As the
north, north west or south west of the
Middle East targets opulence, Australia
looks towards sustainability, and the UK
million passengers travel through the
For the Chief Executive of Heathrow,
airport annually on services offered
Colin Matthews, this solution is the
by 90 airlines travelling to over 180
simplest and best.
destinations in over 90 countries.
As the world is getting smaller, air
“Our passenger figures underline the
By the time Heathrow celebrated its
UK’s urgent need for a single hub airport
60th anniversary in 2006 it had handled
with the capacity to meet the demand for
around 1.4 billion passengers on over
links to emerging economies. The best
14 million flights. However, these
solution for taxpayers, passengers and
impressive statistics have not been
business is to build on the strength we
already have at Heathrow.”
14 – THE BUILDING ECONOMIST September 2013
looks for room, of which of these stands to become a global success story - only time will tell. * All costs outlined in this article are in AUD.
THE BUILDING ECONOMIST – September 2013 – 15
Clive Palmer Thinks BIG with Titanic II It does not get much bigger than the Titanic. From its actual size, to its reputation, the Titanic has a place in history. Now, Queensland’s Clive Palmer is cementing his place in history with a mega project of his own – the building of the replica ship Titanic II. Lynne Blundell discovers what the project is all about and whether it really is “go big, or go home” for this mega ship.
16 – THE BUILDING ECONOMIST September 2013
Clive Palmer doesn’t believe in doing things by halves - he is a big man with big ideas. Right now he is fully occupied with two of these – running for Federal Parliament as leader of the recently formed Palmer United Party and building a 21st century replica of the Titanic due to set sail in 2016. The Queensland mining magnate
shipping company CSC Jinling,
announced his plans to build the Titanic
with Finnish naval architecture firm
II through his shipping company Blue
commissioned to do the design.
Star Lines in April 2012, just weeks after a memorial cruise to mark the 100th anniversary of the sinking of the Titanic. In March this year the global launch event of the replica ship took place in New York, the city to which the original ship was headed
When asked by The Building Economist what had inspired him to build the replica ship, Palmer says it was seeing the James Cameron blockbuster ‘Titanic’ that sowed the seeds of his interest.
when it sank in the North Atlantic Ocean
“When I read more about the Titanic I
was just fascinated by the story and the
Palmer is following the original design of the Titanic as closely as possible, from the plush interiors through to the extravagant menu – a menu that has been produced by
opulence of the first class section on the ship and the sheer courage shown by the passengers and crew in the face of adversity,” says Palmer.
the 68 chefs already employed. Passengers
He also believes the project will bring
will also be provided with period clothing
wider benefits beyond fulfilling the whims
from 1912 if they really wish to indulge a
of wealthy passengers.
passion for the era, and no telephones or televisions will be on board.
“Titanic II will be built in China by CSC Jinling Shipyard and will have a massive
Having recruited some of the best global
effect on the Chinese cruise industry. The
powerhouses in maritime construction,
Chinese are in the top 70 per cent in the
the Titanic II is being built by Chinese
world for building container vessels but in
THE BUILDING ECONOMIST – September 2013 – 17
the bottom two per cent for providing passenger vessels. We thought
“The fact is this ship is looking to attract a very different audience to
a great way for the Chinese to break into the luxury ship building
most cruises. The cruise industry is no different to any other industry
market and give the Europeans some healthy competition would be
– there is a wide range of customers and many different types of
to build a 21st century version of the Titanic,” says Palmer.
cruises,” says Jardine.
Having recruited some of the best global powerhouses in maritime construction, the Titanic II is being built by Chinese shipping company CSC Jinling, with Finnish naval architecture firm commissioned to do the design. Brett Jardine general manager of the Cruise Lines International
CLIA was flooded with enquiries from North America when the
Association (CLIA) Australasia says the project will attract a niche
project was announced. This is not surprising, says Jardine, as North
audience, adding extra diversity to the cruise industry.
America accounts for 60 per cent of the cruise industry’s clientele.
18 – THE BUILDING ECONOMIST September 2013
“It’s a very mature market and we’re still an emerging market
and weighing approximately 40,000 tonnes. The new Titanic by
here,” Jardine says.
comparison will be 20 percent larger than the original, coming in at
But the growth in Australian demand for cruises over the past
decade has been significant, according to the CLIA’s latest report. Ten years ago 100,000 Australians went on cruises. Last year it was 700,000 and the CLIA forecasts it will rise to one million passengers in four years. “A lot of that growth is because of awareness,” says Jardine. “Since the GFC consumers are very savvy about good value and cruises are very good value compared to a lot of other types of travel.” CLIA has been in communication with Clive Palmer and Blue Star Lines regarding the Titanic II project. As part of the international association the Australian branch has a strong regulatory and educational role. While it is not compulsory for companies to become members, Jardine says the vast majority of cruise companies choose to. “At the end of the day we are strong advocates for passenger safety, as are our members,” says Jardine. Safety is one area where the Titanic II diverges from the original Titanic. This time there will be more than enough lifeboats for every passenger, unlike the original, which had 16 wooden lifeboats, enough to carry only 1178 of the 2224 passengers. The Titanic sank after hitting an iceberg on April 15, 1912 and 1,514 passengers and crew died. Unlike the original owners of the Titanic, Clive Palmer does not see his ship as invulnerable. “Anything will sink if you put a hole in it,” he quipped at the New York launch of the project. The original Titanic was commissioned by White Star Line and was the largest liner in the world at just under 270m long, 53m high
THE BUILDING ECONOMIST – September 2013 – 19
Modern safety regulations and economic considerations mean that
Throughout 2015, Blue Star Line is accepting applications for a
the there are several major differences between the original Titanic
number of positions – including captain.
and the Titanic II, including: • An additional safety deck between C and D decks for modern lifeboats and marine evacuation systems
However, this project has not been without criticism. Many have described the idea of a commercialised replica of the Titanic as “insensitive” and “a mockery of the memory of those who died”,
• New escape staircases in addition to the original staircases
whilst others have called Clive Palmer an “eccentric billionaire” and
• A greater beam for enhanced stability
called the creation of Titanic II an inflated publicity stunt.
• Use of welding rather than riveting • A bulbous bow for higher fuel efficiency • Stabilisers to reduce roll • Diesel engines rather than the original coal-fired steam engines
Whatever the reasons behind the build of Titanic II – whether as a recreation of a momentous piece of history or a mere publicity stunt – it will no doubt be an enormous challenge and something to behold.
• New service elevators and an air conditioning room
The new Titanic by comparison will be 20 percent larger than the original, coming in at 55,000 tonnes. The replica will retain the three classes of travel and passengers can choose to spend all six days in one class or two days in each. Palmer is not prepared to reveal how much the project will cost but it has been estimated in some media reports to be around 400 million British Pounds (AU$664 million). In addition to the luxury, Palmer hopes passengers will experience a “ship of peace and love.” More than 50,000 people have already registered to go on the maiden passenger voyage from Southampton to New York – like the original – scheduled for 2016. “From the media and public response to the global launch we had in New York in March and other events in Britain, it looks like being one of the biggest global events of 2016. There will be hundreds of thousands of people lining the shore when Titanic II reaches New York,” says Palmer. With tickets expected to go on sale in 2015, Blue Star Line has indicated that even before construction has begun, around 40,000 people have registered their interest with half a dozen offering more than a million dollars to be part of the maiden voyage. Adjusted for inflation, a first class ticket back in 1912 would have set you back $57,000 - with some of the suites going for over $100,000. However, those looking for a cheaper way to be aboard Titanic II’s maiden voyage can apply to work on the ship.
20 – THE BUILDING ECONOMIST September 2013
The Original Titanic Tonnage
46,328 gross tonnage
268 metres (882 ft, 8 inches)
28 metres (92.5 ft)
approx 34 ft
Engines: 2 reciprocating 4 cylinder,
triple expansion, direct - acting,
inverted engines: 30,000hp 77 rpm.
1 low pressure Parsons Turbine:
29 (24 double ended and 5 single ended
Furnaces 159 providing total heating surface of
144,142 sq ft
3; Centre turbine: 17 feet; Left/Right
wings: 23 feet 6 inches
3547 passengers & crew
Titanic II Tonnage
56,000 Gross tonnage
269.15 m (883ft)
32.2 m (105ft 8in)
7.5m (24ft 7in)
Engines: 2 x Wärtsilä 12V46F, 2 x Wärtsilä
8L46F; 48,000 kW (64,0000 hp)
Diesel-electric with three azimuth thrusters
24 knots (44km/h; 28mph maximum)
3,335 passengers & crew
THE BUILDING ECONOMIST – September 2013 – 21
Different Directions and BIG Opportunities Do you dream of working on something as exciting as the Euro Disneyland project in Paris, and not simply by dressing up as Mickey Mouse, or how about side stepping into the banking or petroleum
With their qualifications in hand, many new gr aduates from Construction related disciplines can make the assumption that there are only a fe w tr aditional career paths open to them in the building and construction sector, Quantity Surveying be ing one of them. However, big opportunities, new experiences and a vast choice of roles are open to any gr aduate equipped with the core skills that Quantity Surveying and related tr aining brings. BE explores the consider able prospects available and speaks to some QS’ and Construction Profe ssionals that have taken their working lives in a different direction.
sectors? Have you ever wanted to work in mining? Then it seems becoming a quantity surveyor is the way to go. Traditionally, quantity surveyors juggle the construction costs and contracts on any major construction work. From office blocks, industrial projects, and hospitals, to schools and infrastructure projects, a QS can be found “crunching the numbers”. In fact, according to a recent report by BIS Shrapnel, quantity surveyors are in huge demand in Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and the UK. The report also stated that by 2016 Australia will need 8,948 surveyors, growing to 9,501 in 2019, which could potentially open up around about 1,500 jobs in this country alone. However, graduates with building and construction related degrees don’t have to stick to just the one sector. Diversity is possible. Although the industry has suffered from slowed growth in recent times and projects have been put on hold due to the global financial crisis, the role of a QS is still an essential one - they have the responsibility of ensuring a company meets its financial targets on its projects after all. The responsibilities and abilities of a QS in general, have also evolved over time, with their roles expanding to involve risk analysis, environmental services measurement & costing, project management, and technical auditing. This up-skilling and expanding of a QS’ core skills now offers more to the market beyond the construction sector.
22 – THE BUILDING ECONOMIST September 2013
Other organisations and sectors are now waking up to the broad
Working for Bechtel in 2000 further helped cement her skills and
range of a QS’ expertise and competence and for new graduates,
continue with her change of direction.
their working life will not be the same as generations before them. The world is their oyster, and new experiences and opportunities are now knocking on their door.
“As a Claims Analyst, I was able to take my project controls skills one step further – to use project data to help explain schedule delays and cost overruns within the framework of contractual entitlement.”
When Joy Pechet left college she followed the usual path, performing various controls functions on large construction projects, including project scheduling, cash flow analysis, budget preparation, and cost variance analysis. Her early work at Walt Disney Company, Euro
As a claims analyst, Joy was required to analyse productivity changes on a project, in order to develop a “cause and effect” analysis that can help explain cost overruns and schedule delays. Part of this process is in understanding whether the productivity assumptions at
Whether you are building in concrete and steel, bits and bytes or nucleotides and kilobases the fundamentals are the same. Disneyland and Hughes Aircraft provided the knowledge she needed to take a step into the world of construction claims.
the time of bid were valid, which includes the number of crews, the crew size, and construction method, and how effectively these initial
“Without this early experience in the world of being a Quantity
productivity assumptions were translated into a time schedule.
Surveyor, the preparation of delay, disruption and acceleration claims would have been much more difficult,” says Joy.
“A solid QS background is essential for developing effective delay and disruption claims,” adds Joy. “This profession is all about interpreting
Now inspired by the creativity of a project, American Joy Pechet is
events. There are many ways to interpret these events, and two people
just one of these individuals who have applied their speciality of
may interpret them differently. So, the creative aspect is very important,
using cost, schedule and contract information to develop assertive
that is putting together the data in a way that reasonably tells the story of
and defensive claims across all types of construction projects, both
the sequence of events.”
large and small.
Stephen Damiani, founder of Mission
Massimo Foundation, and family.
THE BUILDING ECONOMIST – September 2013 – 23
Joy now has the best of both worlds, working for Hyundai Engineering
Whilst the past four years have been incredibly challenging for Stephen,
and Construction in Dubai as a Claims Manager and Quantity Surveyor.
the foundation along with dedicated clinicians and researchers, have
“Construction happens all over the world, so it was a great way to satisfy my desires to work internationally. It also satisfied my hopes of helping poorer countries develop necessary infrastructure to advance their societies both economically and politically,” says Joy. Whilst Joy has used her QS background to travel the world and step into new and exciting projects, others have stepped away from the traditional construction sector completely – whilst still taking their learning from Quantity Surveying with them
made a world-first breakthrough of obtaining a confirmed genetic diagnosis for his son and many other children around the world. However, this is just the first step on a long road to develop a treatment and just maybe even a cure for this debilitating condition. As a result of his efforts so far, Stephen has been invited to represent Australia on the Global Leukodystrophy Initiative (GLIA). Stephen is now turning his attention to using his QS background for their first key fundraising initiative this year - a sub-orbital flight with tickets now available for the draw to win a spot on the exclusive flight. From
Driven by personal circumstances when his son was diagnosed with
take off, to breaking the sound barrier, to re-entry and landing, this flight
a white matter disorder broadly known as Leukodystrophy, Stephen
is a once in a lifetime for many.
Damiani changed direction and set up the not-for-profit organisation
Mission Massimo Foundation named after his son Massimo. Whilst this may be a big change for some, to Stephen “the fundamentals of Quantity Surveying have never been far from front and centre.”
According to Stephen, the foundation chose to offer a sub-orbital flight due to the fact that when his son was first diagnosed and they began this long journey, it all seemed like science fiction. Now the aim is to use this out of this world experience to fund more research and raise awareness
“Quantity Surveying has traditionally been viewed as a profession but it
of the condition and to turn this science fiction into science fact! To
is also a set of learned disciplines no different to marketing or finance.
transform this unbelievable challenge into reality, Stephen knows he can
Quantity Surveying may have its roots in construction engineering yet
fall back on everything he learnt as a Quantity Surveyor.
its structured disciplines are equally relevant across other industries,” says Stephen.
“Almost twenty years ago using a table digitiser to measure a Bill of Quantities, I never thought I would be sending someone into space to
After completing a Bachelor of Planning and Design / Bachelor of
accelerate medical research,” says Stephen. “The logic frameworks
Building, Stephen worked at WT Partnership in Melbourne for his
and structured thinking instilled through tertiary training and
cadet year and professional year before his personal life changed his
professional practice as a Quantity Surveyor have certainly played a
significant role in achieving these incredible outcomes.”
Doing a complete 360 Stephen is now the President of the Mission
It is easy for graduates and successful quantity surveyors to stick to
Massimo Foundation and spends his days researching his son’s
the same old career path but big opportunities await those who look
condition and working with the world’s best genetic researchers to
for them. From construction to space, the possibilities can be out of
continue and aid their work.
Be the first QS in space with the Mission Massimo Foundation You can now purchase tickets into a strictly limited draw of 250 tickets for a truly life changing experience. In the next few weeks, the Mission Massimo Foundation will be giving someone the chance to experience a magnificent view, and in the process raise some much needed funds for medical research. Their ground-breaking initiatives and research into rare lifethreatening conditions that affect the formation of myelin, a complex fatty substance that acts as an insulator around nerve fibres in the brain much like electrical wiring, and have already changed the lives of dozens of children and given families hope for the future. Visit www.missionmassimo.com to find out more.
24 – THE BUILDING ECONOMIST September 2013
The Stylish Travel Guide for Executives
Travel – love it or loathe it, these days
an essential part of making travel for
The BE has discovered some travel
it’s a very real part of most corporate
work that little bit more enjoyable…
essentials to pack in your carry-on for
roles. Whether it is a long haul flight or
and of course an upgrade here or there
the most discerning of frequent flyers.
a quick one-day turn around, keeping
comfortable and stylish in the skies is
THE BUILDING ECONOMIST – September 2013 – 25
Anya Hindmarch “In Flight” patent leather-trimmed travel case
BeautyBay.com Holistic Silk Lavender Eye Mask Silver
Being organised is the key to stress-free travel, so why not treat
The Body Shop Divine Calm Essential Oil
yourself to this
Pure French lavender essential oil helps relax the senses and calm
points for a little extra boost.
protect the skin from developing wrinkles
whilst you slumber.
to keep your in-
who can take a bottle
dab a little on pressure
for nervous travellers
whenever needed, or
enhance the quality of your sleep and
little carry-on addition
to their hearts content
This luxurious eye mask is designed to
the mind. This is a nice
of this and sniff away
flight essentials close at hand. The transparent sides make it easy to see all your products and
Made in Britain, using the finest silk and velvet for optimum comfort, it is filled with soothing organic lavender for a gentle scent and also totally blocks out the light to allow you to rest in complete darkness, regardless of the time zone.
pass through security hassle free without
Available in two feminine designs dragonfly
having to decant all of your cosmetics.
and blossom, these definitely beat the flimsy freebies provided by most airlines.
Tigerlily Aeroplane Cardi This aptly named textured jacquard
Aesop Resurrection Aromatique Hand Balm - 75ml
Black Milk Clothing Matte Black Leggings Assuming you are not
cardigan comes in
hopping into a meeting the
a stylish two tone
moment you land, nothing
colour way in luxe
is more comfortable for
long haul flights than a
twill knit. In an
stretch legging. These
black matte ones from
can easily jump from stifling one minute to chilly the next, it is all about layers and the drapey oversized body with slim fit sleeves ticks all the boxes.
Black Milk Clothing are A rich, easily absobed and delicously
a wardrobe staple that
scented moisturiser for tired and dry
elevate an otherwise
hands. A perfect remedy for those stuffy,
casual item into a chic and
26 – THE BUILDING ECONOMIST – september 2013
The New York Times: 36 Hours. 125 Weekends In Europe
HiS Ted Baker Leather Envelope Tablet Case with Flap If you need to work during the journey or simply kick back, relax and watch some
Armand Diradourian Cashmere Travel Pillow & Eye Mask
Based on the
If you can’t
popular 36 Hours
column in the
New York Times,
this is a travel
can at least
guide to pour over
for hours and
weekend jaunts in Europe.
movies this is the perfect way to protect
Stylishly written and carefully researched,
and store your iPad or tablet. Crafted from
this updated and expanded collection
the sturdiest of leather this vintage style
offers 125 well-crafted itineraries for
quick European trips, complemented by
hundreds of colour photographs to tempt
your imagination. Whether you read it
from cover to cover or simply flick through
it at your leisure, it is an absolute feast for
the eyes in one handsome package.
with this incredibly indulgent cashmere travel set by Armand Diradourian. Comprising of a silktrimmed eye mask and matching pillow, this handmade pair will add some much longed for luxury to long-haul flights. Designed exclusively for MR PORTER and available online only this is the ultimate gift for the man who has everything.
Taschen Books. Best sourced online via www.shop.davidjones.com.au
www.amazon.com or a reputable book
store. Retails at approx $29.00
£145.83 / Approx. $248
Fred Perry Classic Barrel Bag
Bowers & Wilkins Luxury Noise Isolating Head phones
Scotch & Soda “Selvedge” Scarf
This versatile barrel bag by Fred Perry is a fantastic choice for carry-on luggage. Featuring a leather look outer with striped handles, an adjustable shoulder strap, a zipped top closure and end pockets it has more than enough space to stash all of your travel accessories and will comfortably fit in the over-head lockers provided.
Drown out the continual whir of the engines with these super slick headphones. Made from aluminium and durable rubber the
Add a smart edge to casual looks with this 100% cotton scarf from Scotch & Soda. This is also a handy lightweight layer of warmth when the air conditioning provides an unwelcome chill just as you’re trying to get a little shut-eye.
ear pads are covered with custom-made ultra-light acoustic fabric, forming a seal around the edge for better bass and noise isolation. Interchangeable cables and a quilted carrying case are supplied with purchase.
THE BUILDING ECONOMIST –september 2013 – 27
THE ROLE OF THE QUANTITY SURVEYOR IN THE RESOURCES INDUSTRY
Henriette Cronje discusses the value of the QS in the resources sector verses a traditional office environment and explores whether opportunities for QS’ are really being utilised to their best potential.
Henriette Cronje is Senior Site QS on the Gorgon LNG project on Barrow Island, WA for the Kellogg Joint Venture Group where she has worked since 2010. As the world’s biggest LNG project currently under construction, Gorgon is equal to 25 “mega projects”, a perfect fit for this being the MEGA issue. Having worked in both the PQS sector and the Resources Industr y for a number of years, I have been exposed to the differences in these two ver y diverse worlds: As a QS professional in the traditional construction environment, life consisted of working long hours, with tight
28 – THE BUILDING ECONOMIST September 2013
deadlines, big responsibilities and high levels of stress, all
people of var ying nationalities and learn about the different
in return for fairly average pay packets. Luckily there were
cultures, habits, religions, languages and political ideologies
always the weekends to look for ward to.
of those nationalities.
In the resources world, life is ver y different: â€“ laidback in a lot
My first exposure to the Mining & Resources world left me in
of ways with less day to day stress. The big difference is the
awe of the many and varied fields of specialisation within the
longer working days, often 7 days a week on a roster system
industr y and the processes and procedures that interlink and
and the assigned work tends to be more detail & analytically
support detailed reporting structures. The technical jargon of
orientated. It results in less work/life balance in exchange
the mining world consists of a multitude of abbreviations which
for better pay packets. There are also more opportunities to
take time to become accustomed to.
see the world, albeit remote locations with sometimes limited infrastructure. It also affords the opportunity to work with
THE BUILDING ECONOMIST â€“ September 2013 â€“ 29
IS THE TRUE VALUE OF OUR TRAINING BEING UNIVERSALLY RECOGNISED? It didn’t take me long to realise that the essence of
concise tender documentation, performing tender evaluation
construction work was exactly the same whether in the mining
sector or the traditional construction world: at the end of the day it was still earthworks, foundations, and structures, all as before but with more emphasis on the systems such as piping, mechanical, electrical & instrumentation. After a while, I adjusted to working with a broader team of professions like estimators, cost engineers, contracts administrators, planners & schedulers, systems and cost auditors, asset allocation departments and so forth. Ver y soon the realisation dawned on me that our QS background and training cover most, if not all of these fields – we could be considered super CA’s or super cost analysts.
We have a truly unique background and tr aining, in that we can build the bridge, so to speak, between what has been built on site and the $-value or earned manhours it represents. None of the other professionals have this formal multidiscipline ability or skill. The QS essentially becomes the link between the Project Controls and Contracts Departments – we literally have a foot in each world. The resources industr y in general is usually unaware of
Our QS background encompasses the physical, financial and contr actual aspects of construction work from inception to final account. I have found that in some cases the companies work within a silo system due to the various roles and departments (Contracts, Project Controls, Cost Engineering, etc) working independently from each other. This implies that although the detail work may be impeccable, the ability to see the overall ‘big picture’ risks being lost. Quantity Sur veyors have the ability to pull together the detail information, documented by all the departments, to present a clear over view of the respective contracts in term of cost, earned man-hours, productivity, schedule, contractual matters and finally highlight any associated risks that may become apparent.
Quantity Surveyors can contribute and achieve a lot more for their Clients than they are given credit for in terms of cost control, cost savings, cost forecasts, cost analysis, asset allocation, cost audits and risk assessment.
these unique QS skill sets and often we are pigeon-holed into
All Clients/developers are ultimately profit driven, which
a role as ‘measurer of progress on site’. This is especially
fundamentally involves effective cost control from the ver y
true working for American owned companies, which is
early planning stages of a project right through to the final
understandable since they do not have QS as a profession in
account, together with schedule/time control, adhering to the
their countr y. Companies influenced by the British education
terms of the respective contracts within the overall project.
system have a slightly better understanding of our skills, yet we remain mostly under-utilised in this sector. At the current time Quantity Sur veyors tend to only be used in post contract work or when contracts have become uncontrolled or unmanageable and there is a need to analyse costs and claims with a view to limit the damage. Whilst some ver y valuable work has been delivered in the claims consulting field, our worth is as relevant in the initial planning stages of the project - a time when our ser vices are often overlooked. The QS can provide real value assisting or undertaking estimating, performing cost option analysis, strategic planning, choosing procurement routes, preparing clear and
30 – THE BUILDING ECONOMIST September 2013
IS THE POTENTIAL FOR QS JOB OPPORTUNITIES IN THE RESOURCES MARKETS BEING UTILIsED? Whilst job ads may not mention Quantity Sur veying as a pre-
working histor y with the traditional resources clients and are
requisite or even as a possible requirement, our background
ver y well regarded in the industr y.
enables us to perform many of the professional roles available – most of time we are better qualified and skilled than many people with general degrees in commerce or engineering. My experience has been that recruiters for resources projects are often ignorant of our abilities and therefore we don’t get the job opportunities that we are most suited to.
However, what about our own young, upcoming Quantity Sur veyors? Are they being made aware of the massive opportunities for QS’s in the resources sector? We should encourage them to explore the many and varied possibilities in this industr y.
It is my opinion that The Mining and Resources industry needs elevated exposure as to our abilities and skills. We need to demonstrate our competencies and abilities to the various industries and explain the benefits that a Quantity Surveyor can achieve for the Client. We may need to rethink how to achieve this – maybe by having speaking opportunities at the mining conferences, stalls at mining exhibitions and even participating in career expos. On a more politically sensitive note, many Quantity Sur veyors currently being employed in the resources industr y come to Australia under the 457 Visa system. Quantity Sur veyors trained in the Philippines, India & Sri Lanka have a long
THE BUILDING ECONOMIST – September 2013 – 31
ARE WE SUFFICIENTLY PROTECTING THE QS MARKET SPACE?
QUANTITY SURVEYOR QUO VADIS?
In recent years, Accountants have started entrenching
swiftly in order to stay ahead of the game.
The current construction and resources markets are fairly
themselves in areas that are traditionally the QS’s market space. They are encroaching in a field where they have neither
We Quantity Sur veyors should do a lot more to market
the formal training nor the competency to be. It is worth acknowledging that Accountants are being engaged by Clients who place a high value on being able to say that the work has
ourselves (as PQS Companies and/or individuals)
effectively by: - Elevating, exposing and building our profile in the
been audited by a well regarded Tier 1 Accounting firm.
construction and resources industries
However Accountants have started cashing in on this and are
- Demonstrating our competencies and abilities to
expanding their ser vices to Clients. They have been known to
achieve better outcomes for our Clients
process and control construction cost, analyze and allocate cost into cost codes and asset classes.
- Utilising all job opportunities in the current
My experience has been that Accountants check and reconcile
diverse industr y markets, whether it mentions
numbers, without having an understanding of what the numbers
QS as a requirement or not
mean and whether those numbers are actually correct. This
- Protecting our share of the construction
is largely due to their lack of basic knowledge about the
cost market from other professionals, less
fundamentals of construction costs: i.e. how it is derived at, how
experienced in construction
it is broken down and how it should be analyzed for progress
- Attracting young people to our world by
verification, final account or asset allocation purposes. A further surprising fact is that Accountants have much higher charge-out rates than the typical QS professionals – this is despite the fact that we have similar years of study required for our degrees as well as similar structures regulating entry into the registered or chartered worlds of our respective professions.
demonstrating the diversity of the profession As far as the disparity in the charge-out rates is concerned, this may be a systemic problem in the Australian construction world. However, that does not mean that we have to accept it. With increased exposure in the industr y and by proving our worth
A bit of market research highlighted the discrepancy between
to our Clients, this should follow as the next step.
the charge-out rates¹ of Accountants and Quantity Sur veyors.
Ultimately, it is up to us!
We are looking at a ±40% disparity – the higher the level of seniority the bigger the difference in the charge-out rates.
Once again we return to the question of whether or not we are effectively promoting ourselves as construction cost professionals – it seems not!
One last thought to leave in your midst: LIFE IS CHANGE. GROWTH IS OPTIONAL. CHOOSE WISELY ²
32 – THE BUILDING ECONOMIST September 2013
2. Quote by William Somerset Maugham
changing markets by ensuring we have the ability to adapt
1. I have nothing against Accountants per se – in fact, two of my children are accountants. With a family consisting of accountants, QSs and a builder, we have some lively family conversations, discussions and disagreements
volatile. The only certainty is change. We have to embrace the
Mark your calendar for the Construction Industry event of the year
The Infinite Value Awards Gala Dinner The Sky’s the Limit A night to surprise and delight, we invite you to join us in Sydney this year for the annual Infinite Value Awards Gala Dinner Award Ceremony.
The Gala Dinner will be held in the prestigious Ivy Ballroom, Sydney on Friday 8th of November Tickets go on sale on the 23rd of September at 9.00am (EST) Visit the website for more information and to secure your tickets.
THE BUILDING ECONOMIST – September 2013 – 33
NSW EOFY Drinks Friday 5th July 2013 Stacks Taverna, Darling Quarter, Sydney
If you have held or attended an AIQS event in your area and want to feature it in the Social Pages please send the event details and photographs with the names of who is in the picture to email@example.com
34 â€“ THE BUILDING ECONOMIST September 2013
QLD Annual Charity Golf Day Wednesday 7th August 2013 St Lucia Golf Course, Hillstone Proudly supporting those affected by Multiple Sclerosis
THE BUILDING ECONOMIST – September 2013 – 35