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Africa Rice Center (AfricaRice) – Annual Report 2016


       

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Director General’s Office in Abidjan

AfricaRice encourages fair use of this material. Proper citation is requested. The designations used in the presentation of materials in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever by the Africa Rice Center (AfricaRice) concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers and boundaries.

01 BP 4029, Abidjan, CĂ´te d’Ivoire Telephone: (225) 22 48 09 10 Fax: (225) 22 44 26 29 Email: AfricaRice@cgiar.org M’bĂŠ Research Station 01 BP 2551, BouakĂŠ, CĂ´te d’Ivoire Telephone: (225) 31 63 25 78 Fax: (225) 31 63 28 00 Email: AfricaRice@cgiar.org             BP 96, Saint-Louis, Senegal Telephone: (221) 33 962 64 41, 33 962 64 93 Fax: (221) 33 962 64 91 Email: AfricaRice-Sahel@cgiar.org     !  c/o IITA, PMB 5320, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria Telephone: (234) 80 55 05 59 51, 80 34 03 52 81 Fax: (44) 20 87 11 37 86 Email: f.nwilene@cgiar.org   " ! 01 BP 2031 Cotonou, Benin Telephone: (229) 64 18 13 13, 64 18 14 14 Fax: (229) 64 22 78 09 Email: AfricaRice@cgiar.org   #   !  c/o FOFIFA, BP 1690 Ampandrianomby, Antananarivo, Madagascar Telephone: (261) 34 14 950 26 Email: AfricaRice@cgiar.org     ! $%  c/o CARI Station, Suakoko, Bong County, Liberia Telephone: (231) 880 946 266, 770 750 547 Email: i.akintayo@cgiar.org

Citation: Africa Rice Center (AfricaRice). 2017. Africa Rice Center (AfricaRice) Annual Report 2016: Towards rice selfsufficiency in Africa. Abidjan, CĂ´te d’Ivoire: 36 pp. "3 Print 978-92-9113-390-1 PDF 978-92-9113-391-8 4   3 Green Ink (www.greenink.co.uk) 5 3 All pictures are by staff members of Africa Rice Center, and networks and consortia convened by the Center. Cover: Modern rice mills, such as the Mukunguri Rice Mill in Kamonyi District, Southern Province, Rwanda, play an important role in national rice development programs.


About Africa Rice Center (AfricaRice)

AfricaRice is a CGIAR Research Center — part of a global research partnership for a food-secure future. It is also an intergovernmental association of African member countries. The Center was created in 1970 by 11 African countries. Today its membership comprises 26 countries, covering West, Central, East and North African regions, namely Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Côte d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo and Uganda. AfricaRice headquarters is based in Côte d’Ivoire. Staff members are located in Côte d’Ivoire and also in AfricaRice research stations in Benin, Ghana, Liberia, Madagascar, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Tanzania.

Contents Message from the Board Chair and Director General

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Research and innovation highlights

8

Policy support for accelerating rice    



          



Improving salt tolerance in lowland        



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Afr caR ce AfricaRice Annual Report 2016

1


Message from the Board Chair and Director General *  ! #W  &        "    X ! #       of States of rice self-sufficiency and reducing the !    "   W  YZ  &  continues its mission as a center of excellence for rice research, development and capacity-strengthening, to deliver knowledge products and services to [!  !   # !      X !    Z

defines the purpose of the partnership strategy as â&#x20AC;&#x153;to  #  ! "]  #  ^!_ `  Planâ&#x20AC;? (for more details, see \? ! =W  %zZ  >  {#  |    !   not only ensure the usual strengthening of the capacity of rice value-chain actors through training, but will also put emphasis on measuring the impact of training on the development of the rice sector (see â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Capacity # =W  $zZ

Strategic developments

  !  X   ! "      ! >   '  }>'z   & W ~W | W  ! !      #  V " Z &  #  <!     !      "#Z Q! ' 

In March, the Board of Trustees (BoT) approved a new  !   W ! !    & =     \ !    #=  

Chair of the Board of Trustees, Prof. Em. Dr Ir. Eric Tollens (right), with Director General, Dr Harold Roy-Macauley

2

AfricaRice Annual Report 2016


were pleased to welcome Ethiopia into the fold during the meeting, thus bringing the total number of member     UZ Q! <!    '        * & W  Z    Mandefro, responded: â&#x20AC;&#x153;We look forward to the scien      !  Â&#x20AC;  !   &  offers to its member countries, which will help Ethiopia  ! #     #  ZÂ {  this meeting, the Chair of the CoM passed to Senegal  ! ! '       & <Y       &  {   Â&#x201A; W { ? "   [W   !     >! Z In November, and for the first time in the history   & W ! >!   ! >'     [  #    !     &  " ] W >Â&#x192; =Â&#x201E;# Z {  [ [  ! '            !   Z {  !  #  W ! >' >! W    " ! {   Â&#x201A; W      ! '       & {#  } Z '   > " zW '     Â&#x201E;     Â&#x201E;#   Â&#x2026;# } Z  > " zW     ! ?    !   {#  J [ }{JzW { [    Z {  !    ! ! {J ?  W    !  &    the development of a Continental Investment Plan     &      }>Â&#x201E;?& z }see â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Policy support for accelerating rice    =W  +zZ The relocation of the Headquarters and many Cotonou"   >Â&#x192; =Â&#x201E;#   Z J !    ! W V  "W      !  !    W  " >Â&#x192; =Â&#x201E;# Z Q! 

 %$  "  J[Â&#x2021;   [   ! '="Â&#x2021;   W   !W !#W  ! !! ! Â&#x201E;#   Z Q!     ! Cotonou research station was returned to its owner, the Â&#x201E;     Â&#x201E;    Q    }Â&#x201E;Â&#x201E;QzW

{ "W "         " !     Z  &     J       Z AfricaRice Annual Report 2016

New faces on the management team Â&#x201E;  W   {    > # W ' ~ Â&#x201A;W   Z ~ "   V = Â&#x20AC;    #     [  #  >Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;&      W <   ! '  <Z        &      ! !     "  & 

!        " Z In July, we were pleased to announce the appointment    { {   Â&#x201A;    {    & !  {# W { <   {# Z  [      "Z <     &   &  #      {    & !  !    ! Â&#x201E;     ' X   ! Â&#x201E;#  >  }>Â&#x201E;''Â&#x2030;QzZ  "    &   !   ! !  Â&#x20AC;  W !#     ! $  [  H  W      Z Â&#x2026;   !    ! is in sustainable development, which is a key to the #   !      Z

Research-for-development activities Q! =   #   # !      !# W  \"   =  !! \  # =  !W     `#  ` # W    # !  Z Highlights of resulting knowledge products captured in this report include best-bet estimates on the distribution and economic impact of parasitic weeds on rice

 W      #W   & =   hybrid rice cultivars selected for release in Senegal, Smart-valleys approach to lowland development, & #      W Â&#x201A;<' "    !    [  "  &Â&#x160;{      to help them design better-targeted approaches to  Z  " # ! !    poised to create significant impact in the future and  ! !    !       Z 3


Â&#x201E; Â&#x2039;  W ! Â&#x201A; Â&#x152; '   <   >    {# W  Z Â&#x201A; 'Â&#x2018;W

  Â&#x201A; Â&#x201E; #  >  }Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;>z   J   Z Q!  >   " !        #  ! Â&#x201A; Â&#x152; '   <   >    {#  }J'Â&#x2019;zW ! !      $ Â&#x201A; Â&#x201E; #  >  across the globe, designed to promote innovation in the agriculture and food sectors to combat rural poverty   ! Z Q!    ! > " Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;>  boosting agricultural productivity, increasing incomes of stakeholders and processors, and creating jobs,    !    J Z Â&#x201E;   the performance of the rice value chain is a major   #   ! Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;> J Z Â&#x201E; ' W !  &            value-chain actors, situated in Saint-Louis, Senegal,   " ! '       & <Y     W { ? "   [W !    !  &  J >! W {   Â&#x201A;     "W      !  W      Z Q!  Q  >   " ! "  &   !   ! Â&#x201A;#     W   {#  J [ }{Jz   !    <     '  |  }|<'Â&#x2026;zZ   !       

    %  V Z !  !  "  Â&#x20AC;   " " V%W   estimated that the growing rice sector on the continent        !   Z The availability of world-class facilities on the continent to train upcoming generations of rice farmers and other value-chain actors, rice researcher and #   W W !W  #   Z Q!  &      H  !   conference hall and two training halls with capacity  %    !Z Â&#x201E;  !     V         U  Z New breeding activities geared towards accelerating the development of a new generation of productive       #       4

 "   *<&Â&#x201E;>   &Â&#x201E;> #     ~  }\Q  = indicaâ&#x20AC;&#x201C;japonica material) were initiated with the signing, in October,   '   |          ! ! ~ & {#     }&{z   ! ~`  Â&#x152;     >  Â&#x201E;   # }~Â&#x152;>Â&#x201E;zZ Q!  #   marked the launching of a new strategic partnership !       ! Â&#x20AC;     [   ! &"  ~Z  ~   "   "      &   [  !   &  "Z &  " from the national programs continued to benefit from training provided under a pilot project that started

%Z Q!           ! establishment of an anther-culture laboratory at the  &  !    Z Q!     #   #                    Z Q!    !   ! !    ! Â&#x201A;" &     ? !  }Â&#x201A;& ?z   >Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;& & search Program (CRP), under which much of the  ! [   &  ! "      Z     #   Â&#x201A;& ? %  summarized in the following words of the evaluators: GRiSP has succeeded in significantly increasing the interaction and synergies between the six core partners. GRiSP has provided a global framework for setting a shared agenda for rice research, thinking about impact pathways, and developing collaborative research on globally important challenges for the rice sectorZ Q! !    ! Â&#x201A;& ? >&?  W !#W      >Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;&      !Z Â&#x201E; Â&#x2039;  +W ! Â&#x201A;& ? >&?      !

 ! &      }&Â&#x201E;><z >&?W ! ! "        Â&#x201A;& ?Z Â&#x201A;& ? W however, still exist as a partnership mechanism, and work is ongoing with the International Rice Research Â&#x201E;   }Â&#x201E;&&Â&#x201E;z         Z AfricaRice Annual Report 2016


Africa â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;riceingâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; Q! {   Â&#x201A;    &    #   based strategies for reaching rice self-sufficiency in  W   ! #  #     !   innovation as a pathway to this, at a number of high      # Z These included a highlight address on rice at the Forum    & !   }Â&#x152;&z        [   Â&#x201A;  " Kigali; presentations at side-events (organized by the >      &  {#   }>&{zÂ&#x2022; ! World Bank) during the sixth Tokyo International >      {#   }QÂ&#x201E;>{ Â&#x2013;Â&#x201E;z Nairobi; participation in a roundtable on rice self       #   ! V! Â&#x201E;         &  Â&#x152;    Â&#x201A;   }Â&#x201E;&Â&#x152;Â&#x201A;z '  Â&#x2022;                =    >  >!  }\Q  =z >" W ! ! provided input to the 22nd Conference of the Parties  ! |  *   Â&#x152; [ > #    Climate Change (COP22); and participation in a  "      ! Q!  <    !  Â&#x201E; #    >   HZ The presentations made also highlighted the need for appropriate policy measures to enhance the competitiveness of the rice value chain (see also â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Policy           =W  +zZ

High-profile visitors in 2016  #W !   "        led to a number of high-profile visitors passing through our doors, including the following: the Minister of  W Â&#x152;   Â&#x152;       H Â&#x2022; ! >         & {#    !   |  >   }|>zÂ&#x2022; ! >         & {#    {       ! AfricaRice Annual Report 2016

<   >       }<>Â&#x2026;zÂ&#x2022; !   ?    ! Â&#x152;   ?  Â&#x2026; X     Â&#x2022; ! '      W H # [   Â&#x152; !   J Â&#x2022; ! '      Â&#x152; Â&#x2022; !  J [ >  {    J W J[  Â&#x152;W >Â&#x192; =Â&#x201E;#    QÂ&#x2022; !    &   Representative of the Inter national Fund for   {#  }Â&#x201E;Â&#x152;{zÂ&#x2022; !  Â&#x201E;   {   Â&#x201A;    & Â&#x2022; ! "   First Secretary of the Belgian Embassy in CĂ´te =Â&#x201E;# Â&#x2022;   ! '   J[Â&#x2021;Z

Finance and fundraising          "     >Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;& funding remain a major financial challenge encountered  ! > Z Q!       "   at the end of the year and loss of reserve-days (see \Â&#x152;  =W  zZ In the quest of increasing its revenue to overcome these challenges, a new fundraising strategy with a rolling $   "  X    #Z Major elements of the strategy comprise full costrecovery of services provided to projects and partners, recovery of Member State arrears, and intensified

   " ! {   Â&#x201A;   !      Z > Y  W ! {   Â&#x201A;  #    "  '" W     ! \! = issue of Member State contributions and arrears,    !    !   "   Z Still under the banner of advocacy and fundraising, ! {   Â&#x201A;    !   "   also met with key funding and research partners,

  J'Â&#x2019;`{ ! Â&#x201A; ! Â&#x2018; Â&#x201E;      Â&#x2019; "  }Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2019;zÂ&#x2022;    Â&#x152;     "  Â&#x2022; Â&#x2026;  >!Â&#x2021;    ?!! }Â&#x2026;>?zÂ&#x2022; Â&#x201E;Â&#x152;{Â&#x2022; |>Â&#x2022; <>Â&#x2026;Â&#x2022; !  J [Â&#x2022;     ! &{  ! &"  ~Â&#x2022; ! J  "  >Â&#x192; =Â&#x201E;# Â&#x2022;   ! Â&#x201E; {#  J [ }Â&#x201E;{JzZ 5


CGIAR Q! >Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;&     Z J! ! J >!    ! {   Â&#x201A;    in the development and validation of reports and       ! >Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;&      Z Q! #     ! !     ! >Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;& >         " ! >Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;&   Â&#x2026; X  W  !  #  " Â&#x2014; ! >Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;&   >  } z   ! >Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;&   '   J }   

Harold Roy-Macauley

6

"W >  J "   {   Â&#x201A; zZ We still have a big task ahead of us of remodeling   &      X  #    !   promise and we are confident of a change in fortunes for the funding of rice research for development in  W ! " Z         !# "     "   Z Â&#x152; ! W   very grateful that we have so many loyal friends along !   ! !  # !Z Q! [ Â&#x2DC;

Eric Tollens

AfricaRice Annual Report 2016


The AfricaRice regional training center for rice value-chain actors, situated in Saint-Louis, Senegal, was inaugurated on 7 May 2016 by the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Equipment of Senegal, Dr Papa Abdoulaye Seck, in the presence of the AfricaRice Board Chair, Director General and staff members, as well as local authorities, donors and partners. The training center was set up with strong support from the Government of Senegal, the African Development Bank (AfDB) and the West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA). AfricaRice is adopting a new strategy to professionalize the full range of actors in the rice value chain. The new training center aims to strengthen the technical capacity of the rice value chain actors in Africa. In addition to thematic courses on rice production, specialized modules that promote entrepreneurship and agribusiness will be offered to participants to help them develop profitable and competitive rice enterprises

AfricaRice Annual Report 2016

7


Research and innovation highlights Policy support for accelerating rice self-sufficiency in Africa {                 Z Q    ! V$          Â&#x20AC;         Z Q!     Y   `;Â&#x2122;  !    W       # |Â&#x161; %Z% "    Z Rice sector policies focus mainly on improving production (area and productivity), with less attention to       [Z #W ! !   quality of rice produced locally often fails to match urban preferences, which have been shaped by imported brands characterized by their cleanliness, appearance and head-rice ratio (percentage of whole  zZ <# ' W !    ! ! ! !  sufficiency ratio, has large amounts of imported rice

 " [Z Â&#x201E;  W ~     [W ! !  "! # $W [  !  

  W !#  ! VÂ&#x2122;     !  [Z Â&#x2030; !         rice, if its quality can demonstrably match that of

 " Z  &  !W #  W  "    mendations geared toward boosting the rice sector in

 W ! !   [  !   !    " "Z Â&#x203A; First, it is necessary to increase local production through both area expansion and productivity  !  Z Â&#x203A; Second, â&#x20AC;&#x153;It is vital that we increase the competitiveness of local rice vis-Ă -vis imported brands,â&#x20AC;?    &        & Â&#x152; !Z Â&#x153;Q!         #  ! similar characteristics to imported rice, in terms of shape, head-rice ratio, texture and swelling capacity; introducing improved harvesting and postharvest facilities, equipment and innovations especially for milling, cleaning and grading; and then dedifferentiating quality local rice from imported "  #  "  W "    [ ZÂ Â&#x203A; Q! W  & W    #     regional institutions need to identify policy instruments to finance upgrading of the domestic rice       "    " Z Â&#x201E; UW  &    !   {#  J [ }{Jz " !      # 

There is often stark contrast between the ways in which imported rice brands (left) and local rice (right) are marketed: bright bags with memorable logos versus generic white sacks with basic printing

8

AfricaRice Annual Report 2016


#   }`%z "" ! >    Investment Plan for accelerating Rice Self-Sufficiency

  }>Â&#x201E;?& zZ Â&#x152;    !   # ! W !     "     Z {#  of the plan has been initiated with the following countries which all have high rice production and consumption and which are also capable of supplying !    ! Y       "  Â&#x2014; > W >Â&#x192; =Â&#x201E;# W ' W ' W *  W  W   H W Q X    | Z >Â&#x201E;?&    !  & W {J   ! nine project countries will move the rice industry       !    " " %Z >Â&#x201E;?&    !W   !    W

the annual investment in the rice sector needs to be |Â&#x161; $Z+`$ZV    W !    #   Â&#x161;ZU "   " %Z   !  # W cumulative foreign exchange savings from reduced        |Â&#x161; ZV "    !    Z Q!     Â&#x20AC;   "       " %        Â&#x20AC;Z Q!       >Â&#x201E;?&  !  countries will allow the scaling out of lessons learned,  W      !   !     Z Contact: & Â&#x152; ! Â?<ZÂ&#x152; !Â&#x17E;  ZÂ&#x;

Rice is fast becoming the preferred food in many sub-Saharan African countries

AfricaRice Annual Report 2016

9


Research and innovation highlights How important are parasitic weeds in African rice? Many people, including weed scientists who work on other cereals, are surprised to learn that parasitic    "     Z Â&#x2039; !  !   "  !   &  ! " 

   !  ! four main parasitic weeds of rice â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Rhamphicarpa fistulosa, Striga asiatica, S. aspera and S. hermonthicaZ Of the four weeds, Rhamphicarpa has received the     Â&#x2022; "  &   !      +W !     published on Rhamphicarpa  ;;;Z Research on Striga on rice, unlike on maize and other dryland W !    #      Z  ! #     # "W   &  multidisciplinary team was determined to find out just how much of a problem these weeds really are

  Z Â&#x153; !  ! [ "  ! to help answer these questions very carefully,â&#x20AC;? says  &     Â&#x2039;  & "Z Three sources of weed-distribution data identified â&#x20AC;&#x201D; publicly accessible herbarium databases; published  Â&#x2022;     "#   "  &          Z Q!

 #    W ! !      Â&#x201A; Earth (see opposite pagezZ {        [  !  " # "  Z <       losses to parasitic weeds was carried out based on areas of overlap between weed species and rainfed   W   " !

 Z Q!  developed from this study revealed that Rhamphicarpa         !  #   rainfed lowland agro-ecosystems, while one or more of the Striga     $      !  #         Z    Z$V    !      # in rainfed agro-ecosystems are affected by one or !  !  Z        10

   " |Â&#x161;        |Â&#x161;     Z '#W !     " |Â&#x161; $      }     #  zZ Q!  #       W     Â&#x2014; *  W Â&#x201A; W ' W >Â&#x192; =Â&#x201E;#    > Z Based on these assessments and results, what can  &           "     # # "  &   either resistant or tolerant to Striga2 or Rhamphicarpa.$      ! !     combined with short-duration cultivars for Striga; and early sowing combined with long-duration cultivars for Rhamphicarpa.V Rotation and/or intercropping with leguminous crops and zero tillage, combined with direct seeding into crop residues suppresses Striga !Z% Â&#x201A;    ! !  # " #     # ZU Contact: Jonne Rodenburg Â?]Z "Â&#x17E;  ZÂ&#x; 1

2

OuĂŠdraogo O, Neumann U, Raynal Roques A, SallĂŠ G, Tuquet C and DembĂŠlĂŠ B, 1999. New insights concerning the ecology and the biology of     (Scrophulariaceae). Weed   , 39: 159â&#x20AC;&#x201C;169.               , page 12.

3

Rodenburg J, Cissoko M, Dieng I, Kayeke J and Bastiaans L. 2016. Rice yields under        and variety selection criteria for resistance and tolerance.   

  , 194: 21â&#x20AC;&#x201C;30.

4

Tippe DE, Rodenburg J, van Ast A, Anten NPR, Dieng I, Kayeke J, Cissoko M and Bastiaans L. 2017. Effect of sowing time on parasitic weeds in rain-fed rice production systems.   

  , doi: 10.1016/j.fcr.2017.08.013.

5

        !" #$!   !$

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   # *      

 !  , in press.

6

Africa Rice Center, CIRAD and FOFIFA. 2015.   management. 21 min 26 s. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EguvQQDV1Wo. AfricaRice, [Abidjan]; CIRAD, [Paris]; FOFIFA, [Antananarivo].

AfricaRice Annual Report 2016


Distribution of Rhamphicarpa fistulosa (black dots) overlaid on rainfed rice area (green shading) in Africa (major water bodies are shown in blue) }ÂĄ <# Z &   !     & " Â&#x2039;W {  'W Â&#x2019; Â&#x2039;   J   HZ UZ ?               Z Agriculture, Ecosystems and EnvironmentW $%Â&#x2014; $U`$+Zz

AfricaRice Annual Report 2016

11


Research and innovation highlights Improving salt tolerance of rice in lowland agro-ecosystems in West Africa Rice can be affected by salt through poor irrigation practices, such as recycling irrigation water, or a shallow saline water table, which affects coastal     Z Â&#x2026;#  Y    = VZV '!   W    W  # swamp and deep-water rice area is affected by salt stress â&#x20AC;&#x201D; either salinity, from the presence of sodium salts, or sodicity, from excess exchangeable sodium,

!       Z <Â&#x20AC;  ¢     = !    W     respiration, photosynthesis and biological nitrogen  Â&#x20AC;  W  !  #   

Z  $Â&#x2122;  rice farmers consider salt stress a major constraint to    W   

    $UÂ&#x2122;Z & !    "  &  ## ! introgression of the Saltol gene, which confers salt tolerance in rice seedlings, into a popular cultivar Rassi,        Â&#x201E;   !  ;W          Q! Â&#x201A;" W '      Z  U Saltol-introgressed lines (ILs) were identified ! ! $`UÂ&#x2122;

           Z < !  ! Saltol-ILs showed high yield potential under both saline and non-saline     Z Q! U Â&#x201E;H        1

#        $  

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â&#x20AC;&#x201D; Kofi Bimpong, AfricaRice molecular biologist

   &  J  Q[ Â&#x152;    Q! Â&#x201A;" W Â&#x201A; W Â&#x201A; J W *  W       H  # !  Z   W Â&#x201A;   !  ! Saltol-ILs (locally named Mamya, Tonsekerin and Toureya) as cultivars          UW ! ! are now in the cultivar catalog of the Economic >       }<>Â&#x2026;z   !   # "    <>Â&#x2026; " Z    V%W !!     potential beneficiaries of salt-tolerant rice cultivars that will enable them to produce normal to good rice

     Z Â&#x201E; Â&#x201A; W  Â&#x20AC;W    $UW   !!    in irrigated, lowland, mangrove or deep-water agro   ! !   [  "  Z With the release of these three salt-tolerant cultivars, rice farmers on salt-affected land could increase their

 "   %Â&#x2122;   "  X

      "     Z

For more details,  â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Breeding for salinity tolerance â&#x20AC;&#x201D; the         ", pages 29â&#x20AC;&#x201C;32.

Contact: ~ J   Â?~ZJ  Â&#x17E;  ZÂ&#x;

Field visit to a mangrove field in Guinea where the newly developed Saltol lines are grown

Screening for salt tolerance at vegetative stage: Tolerant lines (right) compared with susceptible lines (left)

12

AfricaRice Annual Report 2016


Research and innovation highlights Senegal set to release hybrid rice cultivars Hybrid rice has great potential to boost production and   "      

 %`Â&#x2122;   ! " }\ =z  #     ! "  #  }! zZ  "      playing an important role in rice self-sufficiency in  =           W < Z Â&#x201E;   !        #  own hybrid rice seed production in order to reduce     !  [              !      !  Z Â&#x201E;  #   #           !   

    "   Z Â&#x201E; W  &   !   ! "    "    #    ! " Z Backcross breeding resulted in the development of new cytoplasmic male sterile (CMS) rice lines with good agronomic and outcrossing characteristics to obtain high seed yield, while test-crossing and microsatellite screening led to the identification of suitable restorer  W      *<&Â&#x201E;> }*<&Â&#x201E;>Hz and Sahel cultivars, for the three-line CMS system of ! "     Z The program also aimed at simplifying the rather complex three-line CMS system used by introducing the simpler two-line system, which relies on  #          }<Â&#x201A;'zW ! ! is more economical and yet shows similarly high ! Z '#W ! !   W !   !   ! !   !   # <Â&#x201A;'W and rice flowering in the wet season is an important factor for seed multiplication, which maintains the <Â&#x201A;'  Z Â&#x153;|    Â&#x20AC;  #   Â&#x20AC;    *   ^ &  !   _W  # a model to determine the optimum planting times        <Â&#x201A;'     WÂ    &    ? ] # Â&#x2026;Z Q!  !    ! <Â&#x201A;' !     is caused by a single recessive gene, and is easy to AfricaRice Annual Report 2016

    !   " [ Z        #     <Â&#x201A;'    !         Z â&#x20AC;&#x153;The two-line system reduces costs and is easier for      WÂ    &  ! "    " & <*[ Z Capacity-building of public and private seed companies

        ! ! "    Z Newly developed hybrid lines that performed well at the research station are now being tested by seed companies in Burkina Faso, Kenya, Mali, Mauritania, *  W     | Z Farmers who have participated in selection are !   [  ! "   Z  %  ! !  ! "    !# ! %`Â&#x2122;

 #  }

 `$ ¢!zW   ! ! have short life cycles, desirable grain quality and good     # Z Â&#x152;  !          =    W     ! !# "     + (see overleaf zZ          ' W *     | Z       # !  "      ! Â&#x20AC;  W   Â&#x20AC;   # = efforts to encourage the purchase of quality seed  !  Z          W ! increase in yield farmers can achieve by switching to ! "   #    " VÂ&#x2122; 

Z    !  ! "     embarking on a very profitable and growing business !   #  ]"   !     !Z Q make it economically viable, it is necessary to raise !

  ! "         ÂŁ$ ¢ !Z Â&#x201A;#     "      rice production and its positive impact on the economy !!      Â&#x20AC;Z Contact: Raafat El-Namaky Â?&Z<*[ Â&#x17E;  ZÂ&#x; 13


AR032H and AR051H, the two hybrid rice cultivars set for official release in Senegal in 2017, as grown in the ‘off-season’ in farmers’ fields in 2016

Samba Diallo, local rice farmer examining hybrid rice plants at AfricaRice station in Saint Louis, Senegal

14

AfricaRice believes that hybrid rice technology can help leverage private-sector investment in rice R&D in Africa

AfricaRice Annual Report 2016


Research and innovation highlights Out-scaling Smart-valleys to boost rice productivity  =   #  ¤ !   "[  !     ¤      ; '!Z The Smart-valleys approach begins by establishing  #   "   ! Z This involves the identification of appropriate inland-valley sites for rice production (suitable land, access to markets, site and soil assessments), then the organization of local farmers for clearing the lowland and assessing its characteristics (especially water-flow routes); constructing infrastructure (canals, bunds, land-levelling); producing rice using appropriate  !  Â&#x2022;        Z Â&#x153;Â&#x201E;  W    #  ! | !    !     ! % !  "     "  # W    &    fellow in agriculture and climate change Elliott {Â&#x2030;#Z Â&#x153;#W !    !  ! depends more on the participation of farmers and on socioeconomic conditions including land tenure and [   Z The Smart-valleys approach has its origins in the sawah system development, tested and refined in Togo  VZ  &  !   !  ! in Benin under the â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Sawah, market access and rice  !      # = }'&QÂ&#x201E;Â&#x2013;z ]  };`VzZ J !    ! '&QÂ&#x201E;Â&#x2013; ] W $;      ! " " !W        !  !  !    Z '#W     }%%Â&#x2122;  zW +  !     V+   ! "   # # Z Participating farmers achieved significant yield increases: from the less than 2 t/ha previously to more ! $Z% ¢!Z Â&#x201E;    W !   #  !

  " $UW Â&#x152;>Â&#x152; }|Â&#x161; Vz   1

â&#x20AC;&#x153;Based on FAO and national databases, in particular FAO TERRASTAT @+;;`Hx@ &" '*+;<`*%   #z!   ""  &  * In Wopereis MCSW, Johnson DE, Ahmadi N, Tollens E and Jalloh A eds. '  (

 )  . CAB International, Wallingford, UK).

AfricaRice Annual Report 2016

$$W Â&#x152;>Â&#x152; }|Â&#x161; V$z  " %W Â&#x152;>Â&#x152; }|Â&#x161; VV$z   V+W Â&#x152;>Â&#x152; }| Â&#x161;+VzZ Â&#x152; testify that they are now less vulnerable to drought, flooding and crop failure, and therefore can afford to invest in inputs (seed, fertilizer) to increase rice   #  Z In light of the improved yields and income observed in Benin and Togo, the Smart-valleys approach is now         & =  "  !   for promotion throughout the continent, and is being demonstrated at various locations, especially within !     #  !"Z {   !    J   QW    UW  ! the â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Novel approaches for efficient targeting and Y "        !  = }<Q<& z ] Z Â&#x201E; !  ] W !   !    "     !W  ! V  !     !     UZ Q!  !   "     H "      H Z      #      governments, donors and development partners is being carried out through meetings, technical and  " W   ! #    # Z    Y W #     J =    W  " !   =     W  # [    ! Z Training provided in the Smart-valleys approach by  &  V  ! *Â&#x201A;Â&#x2026;  H   {#    } H{Â&#x152;z  ! #  %       # $Z; ! QZ  !     ;  !W  !"  rice farmers had achieved yield increases of between Â&#x2122;     # VVÂ&#x2122;W # Z%% !Z Â&#x201E; UW Â&#x201A;Â&#x152; >   Â&#x201A; Â&#x201A;" }  " Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2019;z    { Y   W    !   ! '&QÂ&#x201E;Â&#x2013; ] W  #      farmers in the development of an inland valley in ' W ! J Z     ! ! W Â&#x201A;Â&#x152; >   Â&#x201A;     #   15


technicians and develop more inland valleys using the #   ! +Z Ongoing plans aimed at increasing the adaptive capacity of Burkinabe farmers through climate-smart rice technologies, with a particular focus on Smartvalleys, will be implemented through the project â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Climate-smart rice technologies to enhance resilience

 !    J[  Â&#x152;= }> J[ zW !   " +Z  &         Â&#x2013;   !   W

  >Â&#x192; =Â&#x201E;#    Â&#x201A;! Z Contact: <  {Â&#x2030;# Â?<Z{Â&#x2030;#Â&#x17E;  ZÂ&#x;

Top: Construction of Smart-valley main canal, Materi, Benin. Bottom: Growing rice crop, Smart-valley, Materi, Benin

16

AfricaRice Annual Report 2016


Research and innovation highlights Wide-scale deployment of RiceAdvice in Mali and Nigeria Q! & #               !       "   ! Z Â&#x201E;  # "  &   provide field-specific recommendations for efficient     X    Z |  !     & #  #  # W     ! the app to generate recommendations based on target

   # "     Z {          !  '   *   U   X !!  Â&#x2039;  Â&#x201A;#    ] Z  &     !  #      }Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2019;= >  #   &  Â&#x201E;   # ^Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2019;>&Â&#x201E;_   !    Â&#x152;     "  z    national agricultural research and extension systems  !  ! Â&#x201E;   =ÂĽ    & }Â&#x201E;<&z  ' W National Cereals Research Institute (NCRI) of Nigeria   Â&#x201E;      & !W ! J | #   *  Z Q! ]    $$  & #    !      Z Â&#x2026;# !  }$z  !   "     & #  #  # W   V    UV ! }  V  zZ Q!  #  #  # & #      # ;W  !! !     Z Q! ]       & #    Â&#x20AC;    W donors and the private sector via a dedicated website, Facebook 2 and a video (available via the website and Â&#x2030;Q"zZ & #              V;$ !W    ! #  #

      ¢!Z Â&#x2026;#    ;$$           ! |Â&#x161; $Z;    Z   };;Â&#x2122;z   & #  #    that they would be willing to re-use it in the next 1 2

www.riceadvice.info/en/ www.facebook.com/RiceAdvice/

AfricaRice Annual Report 2016

season â&#x20AC;&#x201D; and they were willing to pay an average of |Â&#x161; %  #   !  # Z Â&#x201E; !     !"  ~ W *  W & # 



 " " Z% ¢!    " " |Â&#x161; %  ! Z Â&#x152; [   & #  used more urea (nitrogen-only fertilizer) and less   }  `!!` z   XZ  Â&#x2122;  !   " !  #   & #   Â&#x2014; 

W

          XZ & #      "     #  Â&#x20AC;     #      *Â&#x201A;Â&#x2026;Z Q!   [  & #       means there are potential employment opportunities for young service providers; the app will therefore also    #   !    Z Q! [  & #         other agricultural services such as seed, agro-inputs,      [ Z 17


Â&#x201E; *  W   & #   "  Â&#x20AC;  to young service providers, public-sector extension agents and private-sector development agents by the  ]      ! Â&#x152; Â&#x201A;#   }!! *>&Â&#x201E;zZ Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2019;>&Â&#x201E;        !   farmers and developing business models for service  # Z & !     !  W university lecturers and postgraduate students have  "   !   & # W  Â&#x20AC; 

      X  Z Â&#x201E; ' W    Â&#x152;   is training more service providers to work with farmers willing to pay for the service, and IER is out-

scaling and testing the app with farmers in several

    !Z Constraints have been encountered in scaling up       & # Z [   ! " W  Â&#x20AC; ~ W *  W { " UZ  !  !   #  "  & W #     Â&#x20AC;   & #   J[  Â&#x152;   Â&#x201A;!  }Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2019;>&Â&#x201E;z     }   Â&#x152;   zZ Â&#x201E;    W      ongoing in Ethiopia, Madagascar and Rwanda through ! & #  <   ] W   " Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2019;Z Contact: ~X[   Â?~Z Â&#x17E;  ZÂ&#x;

RiceAdvice training, Burkina Faso, and Nigeria (inset)

18

AfricaRice Annual Report 2016


Research and innovation highlights Improving the quality of parboiled rice e within wiithin innovation innovation platforms plattforms Â&#x201E;   W "      !     " done using rudimentary methods and equipment, thus    Y     ["  Z *  W !      W     |Â&#x161;  "        W   !  high figure is partly due to the popularity, especially in urban areas, of imported brands of rice produced    !   "    Z  & = Â&#x201A;<' }Â&#x201A; Y   ! W <   efficient and durable Material) improved rice-par"     !   "    Z Â&#x201E; has led to the preproduction of cleaner and higherquality rice; it is more economical than traditional methods, less time-consuming and safer to operate â&#x20AC;&#x201D; particularly for female and younger processors â&#x20AC;&#x201D; and Y   Z  &    !   ! Â&#x201A;<'  boiling system within six rice innovation platforms (IPs), consisting of groups of rice value-chain stakeholders working together to promote and improve rice  " Z Q!    X  ! !  Â&#x20AC;  ! {J  \'    >Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;&   agricultural research for development on strategic     = }&{>z ]     J W * W *      Z This highlight of achievements focuses on the Lafia Â&#x201E;? * W !   *  Z &   boiling has traditionally been dominated by men in Lafia, mainly for health-and-safety reasons: traditional % [ "   #  !#      W   inefficient traditional heating methods generated a lot  !   [Z  ! !  Â&#x201A;<'    W +%Â&#x2122;  ! ] = %       W   %  =   " !   " !     [ !  !   " Z Q! Â&#x201A;<' "   !   Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A; [  # }ZV ¢ z Â&#x203A;   } !  [  " !z AfricaRice Annual Report 2016

Women parboilers operating the improved steamer in the improved stove

Â&#x203A; Â&#x203A; Â&#x203A; Â&#x203A; Â&#x203A;

improved stove ! `         

   }Z% ¢ z water-recycling system "!    Z

  "   !    W ! ! [ ![   " Z Q!    [  W   ! !      #   # [   Z In experimental auctions carried out in Lafia city, \Â&#x201A;<'  =    ;Â&#x2122;   #        Z  ! U  !  ! " !   ! H  Â&#x201E;? Â&#x201A;<' "    W !  !   V;Z        UZ%    "     ;    

*  Z Q!     !! buying for personal consumption, but also included V Z Q!     "       # *Â&#x201A;* %¢[ }|Â&#x161; ZU$z  *Â&#x201A;* $%¢[ }|Â&#x161; Z;z ¤  VVÂ&#x2122; Z J   ! Â&#x201A;<'    W     Lafia have adopted good parboiling practices in their 1

Nigerian naira per kilogram.

19


own homes; farmers have gained improved access to quality seed to improve the quality of the rice they supply; farmers and processors have taken on more employees; local artisans have been trained to "  Â&#x201A;<'   Â&#x2022;   Y    ! "   !! ! # ! Z The Lafia IP received numerous visitors interested in replicating the technology elsewhere, representing }  !z ! Â&#x201A; Â&#x201E; #  >   Â&#x201A;! W ! Â&#x201E;     Â&#x201E;    Q   =

!    W <"

 Â&#x201A;#  W

the Federal House of Representatives and the Chair  !  >    W   &'>Â&#x2026;   < Z Q!   achieved in Lafia has triggered plans for the instal    Â&#x201A;<'     ~ W *     !   Q      ? +Z Contacts: Â&#x2039; ~  Â?Â&#x2039;Z~ Â&#x17E;  ZÂ&#x;    *   Â?Z*  Â&#x17E;  ZÂ&#x;

The pulleyâ&#x20AC;&#x201C;hoist and efficient stove help make the GEM setup safer for operators

20

AfricaRice Annual Report 2016


Research and innovation highlights What prevents East Africaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s women rice farmers from adopting modern technologies? Walking around rice-farming communities in East and !     #  & = !    sector development hubs (such as Fogera, Ethiopia; "! "    [X  W ' Â&#x2022; Kahama and Kilombero, Tanzania), it is evident, even to the casual observer, that many women farmers still use traditional farming methods rather than     !  Z ! Â&#x20AC;       !  =    [   ! " #   !    " Â&#x20AC;   #  How deep are the issues that prevent or slow such     !   !  !  W    #        Â&#x20AC;     ! #            "    ! Z Â&#x201A;        %U    } !!z + #  across five hubs in Ethiopia, Madagascar and TanX Z Â&#x152;  [ " !           !     Â&#x20AC;   Z â&#x20AC;&#x153;The study aimed at generating knowledge on why   !      " <  =    WÂ    &    # !

Â&#x20AC; Â&#x201A;  ']

Z Â&#x152;    Â&#x153; should we approach the community even before we [ "  !    !   ! \ !=    !  !   Â  !        !    were identified and grouped under five broad categories: institutional; access to and control over agricultural inputs; technology-related; household     Â&#x2022;   Â&#x20AC;   Z Q! [ constraints identified in this study were: Â&#x203A; H [  =    =    mutual support, sharing of information and skills, access to resources, and collective action }'    Q X zZ Â&#x203A; Lack of decision-making power over land (Ethiopia)   !   Z Q! ]           "    W      [       Z '     ! "   =    agricultural inputs and their ability to decide on !  Z Â&#x203A; Lack of capital or credit to purchase technologies affects both men and women farmers, but dispropor      Z Â&#x203A; Limited access to markets: many rice-growing communities are far from major regional markets,      Z     # in producing extra rice if they cannot transport it  [Z      W !  produce often implies loss of control on income as   !  [  }Q X zZ

Like many other labor-intensive farm activities, weeding puts a lot of strain on the body, especially the back

AfricaRice Annual Report 2016

Â&#x203A; Perception of risk and uncertainty about technologies: many farmers prefer to see the advantages   !   ! !    Z Q! #  accessible demonstration plots was particularly Z 21


Â&#x203A; # "     !  Â&#x2014;   !   promoted in the hubs were not available for rapid   }'    Q X zZ Â&#x203A; Shortcomings in the extension approach: there are too few extension agents and the staff turnover rate

 ! !Z          with extension agents and develop a relationship  ! !    Z Q!  #   extension agents; while Tanzanian women farmers were generally happy to interact with male extension agents, those in Ethiopia and Madagascar were  Z Q!        !    "  ! !  Z W

transfer of information from extension to farmers

 #    "          Z This is a strong knowledge base for research and development practitioners to help them design better  !   Z H  learned as regards national agricultural programs â&#x20AC;&#x201D; for example, governments and education systems need to find ways of encouraging young women into agricultural extension to help women farmers benefit  !   !    Z Contact: Â&#x201A;  ']

 Â?Â&#x201A;Z']

Â&#x17E;  ZÂ&#x;

Focus group discussion, Ethiopia

22

AfricaRice Annual Report 2016


Research and innovation highlights Capacity development {#  !      [!     #    !  #      Z >  #  ! " 

      & =        # V%  Z Q!  U [ !

    ] !  ! > =    development program, with a focus in reaching all the ] # !     !    Z  >  {#  |   " !  only to train value-chain actors and upgrade the knowledge and skills of existing stakeholders, but more importantly to clearly account for the contribution to #   !    Z Â&#x201E; *#" UW     !      !  Z It must, however, be emphasized that much of the [      &     !      Z Â&#x2026;!    ! >  ! are key players include the Knowledge Management | W !  &   Q  > W      partners involved in delivering within-project training          !    Z Q!  &  &   Q  > W  J  [W Saint-Louis, Senegal, was formally inaugurated by the '       & Â&#x201E;      UZ Â&#x201E;  !  !    various rice value-chain actors (including those from !  #     *Â&#x201A;Â&#x2026;zW     !   extension agents, and can host groups of trainees for Â&#x20AC;   Z Courses envisaged to be delivered there include season-long on-site training for young researchers and extension agents, and vocational training for youth !        " Z Q!      open to use by other organizations of the agricultural   !   "  & Z  ]   #  #  U  !    ! Â&#x201A; Â&#x201E; #  >   J W " ! " ! Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2019;  \Â&#x201A;Â&#x2018;  AfricaRice Annual Report 2016

Â&#x201E; #  X      < ÂŚ!    != ]  }Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;<Â&#x2022; \Â&#x201A; #     !       =z > W  &  J >  Â&#x2026; Z Â&#x201E;      # ! !     J Z Q! Â&#x201A; Â&#x201E; #  > W [  !  ! !  &  ~  '   | W     | # Â&#x2021; =" >#   agricultural technical colleges in Benin to become service providers for various agricultural technologies   # W   !  &  Â&#x152;[  Â&#x201E; #  ! Â&#x152;  Z  V          " ! Â&#x201A; Â&#x201E; #  >  { " U      +$ #  in Benin to provide innovation-support and business#  #   " $W Z  !  ]  #   !   W2 managed by a staff member seconded from the Natural Resources Institute (NRI), as part of a project funded " Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2019;Z Q!  !      !  &  ~  '   |   ]    ! ! Â&#x201A; Â&#x201E; #  > Z  W the platform targets the wider agricultural sector rather ! ]  Z J !    UW   U   "     }   V   z   one business course â&#x20AC;&#x201D; currently all in French, but <  ! #     " # "  Z The courses are aimed at internet-savvy but nonacademic audiences, and may be used on any mobile # Z Q!  !"    ! [ learning, and then a final test leading to a certificate if !         +%Â&#x2122;  Z Q!      "    X Z  &      !  #     studies related to professional training and degrees 1

â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;! &"      #"  "? # ?     , page 19.

2

http://elearning.afris.org

23


 J  ?!{Z Â&#x2026; ! V   UW $U }$Â&#x2122;z   Z Â&#x201A;   W !    W are increasingly conducted within the rice sector #  !"Z Q!  !   !  !   !  ! "     "   Z Together with the training courses conducted at

 &   !       ! &   Q  > W   V;  }%ZÂ&#x2122;  z    ;  UZ$ Contact: ~! * {Â&#x2021; Â?~Z{Â&#x17E;  ZÂ&#x; 3

For more details on postgraduate trainees and AfricaRice group training courses,  +;<{@?  `<H*

Top: The new AfricaRice Regional Training Center, Boudiouck, Saint-Louis, Senegal. Bottom: Dedicated recreation area for traineesâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; and trainersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; use at the new Regional Training Center

24

AfricaRice Annual Report 2016


Research and innovation highlights Partnerships Partnerships have always been and will continue to "    !     !  &   !  #   Z Â&#x152;             "  to collaborating in the field with farmers involved in  !  #    #  W =  !   !  Z Â&#x201E; ' ! UW ! J  Q #  & =   # ? !   W ! ! provides guidance for developing partnerships at  #Z Q!     ! > =  !  Â&#x20AC;  W        Z It defines three functional categories of partnerships as research, development, and â&#x20AC;&#x153;otherâ&#x20AC;? (the funders of  !zZ   !     "  &   " !   # ! > = "]  #W   ! & !  {#   `Z The Partnership Strategy gives guidance on selecting partners, the types of partnership agreements and  !     Z Q! W ! !  #     ! > = '  W Evaluation and Learning system, are the following: (i) resources jointly mobilized and the number of new donors to the Center; (ii) research and development  W  W      }ZZ numbers of joint publications, citations, patents, technologies and innovations issuing from partnership activities); (iii) level of achievement of targets, stated goals and objectives of the partnership; (iv) returns on investment; (v) capacitation of partners (number of partners trained and number of backstopping missions); (vi) effectiveness of dissemination and sharing of information; and (vii) sustainability of the  ! Z  &  "     !  ? !   "         " ` #  ! Z Q!   "   !      X      }  '<Â&#x2022; AfricaRice Annual Report 2016

ZZ Â&#x152; ~"W *Â&#x152;Â&#x2026;    ! *   HzÂ&#x2022;  [  ! Â&#x201A;  W  ]    #  !   |  W ! * ? !    = {#  }*<?{z   !  <   Â&#x152;Â&#x2022;   consolidation with several private enterprises,   !    " Z Q!!     ! Â&#x201A;  W #   "  # for implementation of the Regional Rice Offensive in   Z ? !   !  #    companies and SMEs resulted in the strengthening of national seed systems, the production and delivery of  Y             &  member countries, and adaptation and manufacturing      !  Z J            }Â&#x201A;?z   !   "       W & # W  "    !   #    ! >  #   &  Â&#x201E;   # }>&Â&#x201E;z ]   #   #  &  " countries resulting in the large-scale dissemination of & # Z

Memoranda of understanding  &             }'|z  ! ! Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations }Â&#x152;Â&#x2026;z   ! ;! Â&#x152;Â&#x2026; &   >        UW " ] Z Q!  '|          !  cooperation in implementing the Partnership for  " &    {#    }?&{zW ! !         Z |  !   '|W  &    Â&#x152;Â&#x2026; !# already jointly trained Ethiopian national program staff in new survey methods, and strengthened the capacity of rice seed and paddy producers (including community-based seed producers) in six states in *  Z Â&#x201E; Â&#x2026; " UW  &      !  with the Korean Rural Development Administration 25


FAO and AfricaRice sign an MoU for scientific and technical cooperation in consolidating sustainable rice systems development in Africa during the 29th session of the FAO Regional Conference for Africa, Abidjan, CĂ´te dâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Ivoire, 8 April 2016

Signing ceremony of an MoU for the Africa Rice Development Partnership, Jeonju, Republic of Korea, 19 October 2016. The signatories were Hwang-keun Chung, Administrator, Rural Development Administration (RDA); Harold Roy-Macauley, Director General, AfricaRice; Joseph DeVries, Chief, Agricultural Transformation Program, AGRA on behalf of AGRA President Agnes Kalibata; Texas A&M AgriLife Research and the Center on Conflict and Development at Texas A&M University (ConDev). Representatives from RDA, the National Institute of Crop Science (NICS) and KAFACI attended the ceremony

26

AfricaRice Annual Report 2016


(under the umbrella of the Koreaâ&#x20AC;&#x201C;Africa Food and Agriculture Cooperation Initiative ^~Â&#x152;>Â&#x201E;_zW ! Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa }Â&#x201A;&z and Texas A&M UniversityZ }Â&#x152;     ~Â&#x152;>Â&#x201E;   !   ! W see â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Message  ! J >!    {   Â&#x201A; =W  ZzZ |  !   W ~Â&#x152;>Â&#x201E;    &  !# organized training of national agricultural research   }*&z       "     !   ! Y  !  &  &   Q  >   H W  Z Â&#x201E;       !  " "      &  &      ! !W  H W ~Â&#x152;>Â&#x201E; scientists are going to be deployed to the station to [  !  &    *& "      ~    &  #  W   !            Z

Regional involvement  &    "  ! Economic Community of West African States }<>Â&#x2026;z  !  [  group for the development of the second-generation regional and national agricultural investment plans        }&Â&#x201E;?   *Â&#x201E;?zZ Â&#x201E; UW

! <>Â&#x2026; %      XW    &       !    X  of a participatory and inclusive process in the formulation and validation of drafts of the second-generation &Â&#x201E;?   !  Â&#x2026;    Â&#x152;[  X %Z  &    [   the convening of rice value-chain stakeholders to prepare a donor conference to solicit investments for !     ! <>Â&#x2026; &  Â&#x2026;  #Z

CGIAR review of partnerships >Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;&= Â&#x201E;    <#     }Â&#x201E;<z #  !  " >Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;&    >Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;&  X  Z <  ! ! Â&#x153; !   # ! ` !  

   # !    " >Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;&W  ! reciprocal inf luence between research programs    ! Z #W  !     ! uncertain core funding constrains partnerships,    !    Z

Contact: Samuel Bruce-Oliver Â?ZJ Â&#x2026; #Â&#x17E;  ZÂ&#x;

The modus operandi of AfricaRice is partnership at all levels

AfricaRice Annual Report 2016

27


Finance Statements of activity (expressed in thousands of US$) Total 2016

Total 2015

Revenue and gains Â&#x201A;  #       

VWV;

%WV

  $

UW$V

W+;U

Bilateral

$W+%

VWU

Total grant revenue

23,828

22,606

U+

V%$

24,498

23,059

WV

+W++

%

;

* >Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;& "  Â&#x20AC; 

W;$

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Â&#x201A;       Â&#x20AC; 

W+U

VWU

Other expenses and losses

`

`

Total operating expenses

26,374

24,977

Financial income

}Vz

}$z

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$+;

%+

(2,242)

(2,467)

Other revenue and gains Total revenue and gains

Expenses and losses Research expenses >Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;& "  Â&#x20AC; 

'*H J+

28

AfricaRice Annual Report 2016


List of donors  &    ! [  !   ! !#     "    Â&#x2014; Â&#x203A;  &  '"  Â&#x203A;   {#  J [ }{Jz Â&#x203A; " J [  <   {#    }J{<z Â&#x203A; J  Â&#x160; '  Â&#x201A; Â&#x152;   Â&#x203A; >   Â&#x2021;        ! !   Y   Â&#x2021;#  }>Â&#x201E;&{W Â&#x152; ! agricultural research and international cooperation organization) Â&#x203A; >Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;& & ! ?  >  >! W     Â&#x152;    }>Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;& >>Â&#x152;z Â&#x203A; >Â&#x192; =Â&#x201E;#  Â&#x201A;#   Â&#x203A; The Crop Trust Â&#x203A; {   Â&#x201E;     {# W |~ }{Â&#x152;Â&#x201E;{z Â&#x203A; { ! Â&#x201A; ! Â&#x2018; Â&#x201E;     Â&#x2019; "  }Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;Â&#x2019;z Â&#x203A; <   >       }<>Â&#x2026;¢><{<Â&#x2026;z Â&#x203A; < |  }<|z Â&#x203A; Â&#x152;     Â&#x2026; X   ! |  *   }Â&#x152;Â&#x2026;z Â&#x203A; Â&#x152; '   <   >    {# W Â&#x201A; }J    Â&#x2018;   ! ! Â&#x2019; "    <  [ W J'Â&#x2019;z Â&#x203A; Â&#x201A;"   >  }Â&#x201A;>z Â&#x203A; Â&#x201A;" &     ? !  }Â&#x201A;& ?W >Â&#x201A;Â&#x201E;& & ! ?  & z Â&#x203A; Â&#x201E;     ! !   Â&#x2021;#  }Â&#x201E;&{W Â&#x152; !  !    # z Â&#x203A; Â&#x201E;     Â&#x152;     {#  }Â&#x201E;Â&#x152;{z Â&#x203A; Â&#x2039; }Â&#x2039;Â&#x201E;>W Â&#x2039;Â&#x201E;&>W 'Â&#x152;Â&#x152;W 'Â&#x2026;Â&#x152;W 'Â&#x2026;Â&#x152;z Â&#x203A; H "  Â&#x201A;#   } J [??W {J?<>z Â&#x203A; *"[ | #  W | Â&#x203A; Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO-WOTRO) Â&#x203A; *   Â&#x152; Â&#x201A;#   Â&#x203A; & {#     W ~ }&{z Â&#x203A;   H  Â&#x201A;#   } J [??z Â&#x203A;    Â&#x152;     "   }Â&#x152;z Â&#x203A; |     Â&#x201E;     {#  }|Â&#x201E;{z Â&#x203A; | #   ! W |~ Â&#x203A;    <     '  |  }|<'Â&#x2026;z Â&#x203A;    >    >     & !   {#  }<>&{¢>Â&#x2026;&Â&#x152;z

AfricaRice Annual Report 2016

29


Board of Trustees 2016 Chair

? ' }|z § ¤ outgoing chair Eric Tollens (Belgium) â&#x20AC;&#x201D; incoming chair

Vice-Chair

H &X ] }' z

Members

>  "" }Qz Q! ]  >! [  }!  z § {#  Â&#x201A;#  }Â&#x201E; z ¨ Masaru Iwanaga (Japan) ! ~ > " }>Â&#x192; =Â&#x201E;# z > ~ HJ }|z ¨ Â&#x201A; ' *  }> z Sylvie Mbog (Cameroon) Â&#x201A;  *[! < }*  z Sophie Thoyer (France)

 

(As at 31 December 2016)

 & '  }  H zW {   Â&#x201A; W  & 

¨ Â&#x2039;  UZ § H UZ

30

AfricaRice Annual Report 2016


Training 2016 AfricaRice training program (courses)

89 Training courses run in 2016 47Locations

in

15 countries

4928 Total trainees Postgraduate trainees

37 Total female postgrads 78 Total male postgrads From 24 countries 59 PhD students

25 MSc students

â&#x20AC;Ś of whom

â&#x20AC;Ś of whom

20 Female 39 Male

8 Female 17 Male 41 universities In 19 countries

With

17 Funding sources

AfricaRice Annual Report 2016

31


Publications 2016 AfricaRice publications 2016

57 Articles in Thomson Reutersâ&#x20AC;&#x201C;list journals 18 Articles in other peer-reviewed journals 5 Book chapters 14 Conference papers 4 Articles in Rice Today 8 Others / reports 11 Videos ... in 2 languages

Selected titles in Science Citation Index (SCI) journals Afolabi O, Milan B, Amoussa R, Oludare AW Â&#x201A;"" Â&#x2013;W ? HW X[ JW ~" [ &   Silué DZ UZ First report of bacterial leaf blight of rice caused by Xanthomonas oryzae #Z oryzae J Z Plant Disease,  }zÂ&#x2014; %%Z Bimpong IK, Manneh BW  [ 'W {  Â&#x152;W ! *~W Â&#x201E;  'W Â&#x201A;  Â&#x201A;W  ! &~   Wopereis MZ UZ Â&#x201E;#           # \& = !! [  " [  "    Z Plant ScienceW VÂ&#x2014; `;;Z Djaman K, Balde ABW & [ {&W *   Â&#x2026;   Â&#x201E;[ Z UZ H          # "            !  !   & # J Z International Journal of ClimatologyW $+Â&#x2014;+$`Z {] Â&#x201A;W Ndjiondjop NM, Sanni AW H Â&#x20AC; 'W Â&#x2013;  Â&#x2013;   Â&#x201A;!Y  Z UZ Â&#x201E;      # major and minor QTLs associated with Xanthomonas oryzae #Z oryzae }   z      (Oryza sativa HZzZ RiceW ;Â&#x2014; Z 32

AfricaRice Annual Report 2016


Dossou-Yovo ERW JÂ&#x2018; *W Â&#x2039; *W Huat JW  <<   " <~Z UZ &    >Â&#x2026;2 emission   #     

  !  W   !      X  ! J Z Soil & Tillage ResearchW %UÂ&#x2014; VV`%$Z Duku C, Zwart SL    HZ UZ '  !         Â&#x20AC;    Â&#x2014;    J Z Agriculture, Ecosystems and EnvironmentW $Â&#x2014; %`%Z Kamanda JW J   &   J   >Z +Z Q! Â&#x153;   "  Â         !Â&#x2014;    [  !      Z Agricultural SystemsW %Â&#x2014;+`%Z '  &W >! Â&#x2039;Â&#x2030;W  ! 'W ?  W Â&#x152; Â&#x2039;'W  Â&#x2039;W {! ~W J W Â&#x201A; JW Â&#x152; {ÂŞW Bimpong IK, Ndjiondjop MNW XX ~'W Â&#x201A;  Â&#x201A;J   ?  '{Z UZ {   !    !       *?     Z Nature GeneticsW VÂ&#x2014; $`Z Â&#x2026;  Â&#x201A;W DramĂŠ KN   Â&#x201E;  'Z UZ |    !        Â&#x2014; >    "  #   Â&#x20AC;      Functional Plant BiologyW V$}zÂ&#x2014; +;`+UZ Rodenburg J, Cissoko M, Dieng IW ~ [ Â&#x2039;   J   HZ UZ & 

   Rhamphicarpa fistulosa        W   #               Z Field Crops ResearchW ;VÂ&#x2014; `$Z Rodenburg J, Demont M, Zwart SJ   J   HZ UZ ?               Z Agriculture Ecosystems and EnvironmentW $%Â&#x2014; $U`$+Z Sanyang SW Q  Â&#x2039;JW ~  Â&#x2039;W > " *   ~ Â&#x2021; HZ UZ    !       !  # Â&#x2014; Q!   #  Z International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, V}zÂ&#x2014; +`$Z Sikiru M, Shittu AW ~ Â&#x2021; ~W '] QW *]! W Sanni KA, Ogunbayo SA, Akintayo I, Saito K, DramĂŠ KNW ! !Â&#x2021;Â&#x2021;    Venuprasad RZ UZ        }Oryza glaberrima) for tolerance  "  Â&#x2014; Â&#x201E;Z Â&#x152; Â&#x20AC;  Z Field Crops ResearchW ZU¢]Z ZUZVZUZ Vandamme E, Wissuwa M, Rose T, Ahouanton K and Saito KZ UZ  !! }?z     !  "    !  

         ?  Z Field Crops Research, UÂ&#x2014; `+Z # Â&#x201E;W '~W # JW HÂ&#x201A;Â&#x2039;W W Â&#x2039;W Â&#x201A; W ?W # W Â&#x2039;W Â&#x201A; W *W > W HW  Â&#x201A;W W  "W ~W ' {=>XW {W Â&#x2030; W W JW W van Oort, PAJ, van Loon, MP, Saito, KW  W Â&#x2026;W ] * !W W  W W JW W >! [W &W ~ XX W ~W ~ W 'W '[ W Â&#x2039;W Â&#x2026;W ~W Q W ~W > W ~Â&#x201A;W UZ > "!     Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of AmericaW $Â&#x2014;V;UV`V;U;Z van Oort PAJ, Balde A, Diagne MW { [! 'W Manneh B, Muller B, Sow A   X Z UZ Intensification of an irrigated rice system in Senegal: Crop rotations, climate risks, sowing dates and varietal     Z European Journal of AgronomyW Â&#x2014; U`Z Yamano T, Arouna AW H" &W  Â&#x2019;'   '!  Z UZ               !  !  Z Global Food SecurityW Â&#x2014; `Z Yao N, Lee C-R, Semagn K, Sow M, Nwilene F, Kolade O, Bocco R, Oyetunji O, Mitchell-Olds T and Ndjiondjop MNZ UZ ÂŞQH   !       # ]         !          Z PLoS ONEW }zÂ&#x2014; U+V;Z Youkochi T and Saito KZ UZ Â&#x152;     =    *<&Â&#x201E;>     #  Â&#x2014; Q!       #    J Z Food SecurityZ }zÂ&#x2014;;+`;Z AfricaRice Annual Report 2016

33


Abbreviations {J

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34

AfricaRice Annual Report 2016


IRRI

International Rice Research Institute

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35


36

AfricaRice Annual Report 2016


About CGIAR CGIAR is a global research partnership for a food-secure future. CGIAR science is dedicated to reducing poverty, enhancing food and nutrition security, and improving natural resources and ecosystem services. Its research is carried out by 15 CGIAR Centers in close collaboration with hundreds of partners, including national and regional research institutes, civil society organizations, academia, development organizations and the private sector. For more information, visit www.cgiar.org

The Centers AfricaRice

Africa Rice Center (Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire)

Bioversity

Bioversity International (Rome, Italy)

CIAT

International Center for Tropical Agriculture (Cali, Colombia)

CIFOR

Center for International Forestry Research (Bogor, Indonesia)

CIMMYT

International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (Mexico, DF, Mexico)

CIP

International Potato Center (Lima, Peru)

ICARDA

International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (Beirut, Lebanon)

ICRISAT

International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (Patancheru, India)

IFPRI

International Food Policy Research Institute (Washington, DC, USA)

IITA

International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (Ibadan, Nigeria)

ILRI

International Livestock Research Institute (Nairobi, Kenya)

IRRI

International Rice Research Institute (Los Baños, Philippines)

IWMI

International Water Management Institute (Colombo, Sri Lanka)

World Agroforestry

World Agroforestry Centre (Nairobi, Kenya)

WorldFish

WorldFish Center (Penang, Malaysia)


Africa Rice Center (AfricaRice) 01 BP 4029, Abidjan 01, Côte dâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Ivoire \  ' 3 (225) 22 48 09 10 Fax: (225) 22 44 26 29 Email: AfricaRice@cgiar.org www.AfricaRice.org

Towards rice self-sufficiency in Africa  

AfricaRice Annual Report 2016 : Towards rice self-sufficiency in Africa

Towards rice self-sufficiency in Africa  

AfricaRice Annual Report 2016 : Towards rice self-sufficiency in Africa

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