Safety, Technology and Sovereignty in the Air
Safety, Technology and Sovereignty in the Air
As the central organization of the Brazilian Airspace Control System (SISCEAB), DECEA is responsible for an area that goes beyond Brazilâ€™s 8.5 million square kilometers of territory, stretching to a considerable portion of the Atlantic Ocean until the 10th meridian west. In short, the organization is in charge of the airspace control of approximately 22 million square kilometers. To manage and operate the Brazilian Airspace Control System, DECEA handles highly specialized activities, detaining the essential expertise and technology for carrying out the complex procedures related with its mission.
The Airspace Control
he Department of Airspace Control (DECEA) is a governmental organization, subordinated to the Ministry of Defense and to the Brazilian Air Force. Distributed all over the country, DECEA embraces human and technological resources in order to provide a safe air traffic flow in the Brazilian airspace and at the same time ensure its air defense.
The result, often unknown to the majority of citizens, is seen in the daily operations and in the services provided to the Brazilian society, without interruption, 24 hours a day, 365 days per year, described in the next pages. 5
Air Traffic Management
The Air Traffic Management (ATM) ensures the harmony between the capacities of the Brazilian Airspace Control System and the Brazilian flight demands, allowing aircraft to achieve their ideal flight conditions. In Brazil, this service is provided according to the international standards and procedures recommended by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), in order to maintain these activities at the level of safety and efficiency desired for air navigation in our country.
Air Traffic Management
ts main objective is to guarantee safe, effective, prompt and regular flights, taking into consideration meteorological conditions and the existing operational infrastructure.
This complex network includes high technology telecommunications equipment (via radio, computer networks, satellite or optical fibers), as well as leased channels and others resources throughout country. The Aeronautical Communication Service is provided, among other needs, in order to monitor the evolution of each flight, to authorize or restrict flight procedures and to bring in support information, such as those related to weather conditions.
ECEA is the organization in charge of planning, implementing, maintaining and operating the communication infrastructure related to the airspace control in Brazil.
Thus, through systems and equipment that recognize these movements in the sky â€“ as Radars or Automatic Dependent Surveillance equipment it is possible to visualize the aircraft in the airspace under our responsibility. Specific software, consequently, displays these flights on the screen, as well as other aircraft and flight-related information, which are oriented by Air Traffic Controllers, according to the strategies adopted by the Air Traffic Management.
s a rule, to ensure the safety of air operations and provide an effective flight flow, the Control Center must define the aircraftâ€™s position accurately and estimate their future location.
Its main responsibility is to provide all the information for the planning and execution of a safe flight to the users of the Brazilian Airspace Control System. This includes the technical publications standardized by ICAO. Only through them the aviation professionals can perform a flight according to the rules and official procedures.
he Aeronautical Information Service is the set of activities implemented to generate, collect, process and supply the information required for safety, regularity and efficiency of air navigation.
Air Navigation Aids
DECEA provides these means that guide the flights throughout Brazil. Without them, it would be impossible to manage todayâ€™s air traffic flow especially as far as arrivals and departures are concerned. These resources - also called Air Navigation Aids, or just Navaids - are supplied all over the country.
Air Navigation Aids
ir navigation is conventionally accomplished based on guidelines instruments and devices that conduct the aircraft, according to the routes (airways), defined procedures and pre-established flight plans.
Nowadays, however, they have been sharing space with modern concepts that allow the use of on-board area navigation systems, as the Performance Based Navigation (PBN), also provided by DECEA in Brazil.
Due to its peculiarities, however, the air transportation requires a field of this science specifically directed to its necessities. Therefore, all the services concerning the Aeronautical Meteorology are provided in Brazil by DECEA through a complex structure of radars, meteorological stations, centers of coordination and other resources installed all over the nation. And as the air traffic flow grows, and consequently the necessity of an optimized use of the airspace, the meteorological information becomes more essential to the Control Center.
he weather report is vital for the safety of airborne operations. It contributes to the comfort of the passengers and to the establishment of faster and economic routes and regular flights.
This inspection verifies Navaids signal accurateness and quality in flight. It makes analyses, measurements and, whenever necessary, also makes corrections in order to ensure that the equipment meet the needs of the required standards.
he Flight Inspection is in charge of regularly checking all the Brazilian Air Navigation Aids (Navaids). In this way, the activity guarantees the quality of the air navigation services provided by DECEA.
In Brazil, the Special Flight Inspection Group (GEIV) is the organization - subordinated to DECEA - that carries out this activity. Currently the organization regularly inspects more than 900 Navaids.
In Brazil, the activity is carried out by the Institute of Aeronautical Cartography (ICA) - organization subordinated to DECEA. In addition to the development of printed aeronautical charts, the organization has been increasingly incorporating technological innovations, such as the use of satellite images and the production of digital maps.
eronautical Cartography consists of a set of studies and technical operations for the elaboration of standardized aeronautical charts, designed to meet the needs of airspace navigation.
Only with these charts, developed and updated regularly by the organization, the aircrafts, in visual or instrument flights, are able to cross the Brazilian airspace with the required security and efficiency.
Search and Rescue (SAR)
DECEA is the organization responsible for planning and overseeing this activity. Its purpose is to locate occupants of aircraft or vessels in distress; rescue accident victims and intercept and escort aircraft in an emergency. There are still the coordination links (Rescue Coordination Centers) and the execution links, consisting of the Brazilian Air Force Units, the Navy and other organizations that join forces to carry out the operations.
Search and Rescue
he Brazilian Aeronautical Search and Rescue System operates in a 22 million km2 area, most of which covering the Atlantic Ocean and the Amazon. It is organized and structured to develop search and rescue operations according to international and national standards.
Military Air Operation Support
Throughout the country, several portable units of telecommunication, surveillance, meteorology, navigation and other specialized centers are ready to deploy military operations, especially the ones related to the airspace. These means and resources, in addition to the simulated military operations, establish a strategic operational network that, given its dynamism and mobility, also supports conventional airspace control systems, whenever required in case of emergency or other relevant needs.
Military Air Operation Support
he Department of Airspace Control supports, strategically and tactically, military exercises and operations, as well as the Brazilian airspace defense.
Brazilian Airspace Control System
Flight information region (FIR)
FIR Brasília - CINDACTA I FIR Curitiba - CINDACTA II FIR Recife - CINDACTA III
Radar Coverage (FL 300)
FIR Atlântico - CINDACTA III FIR Amazônica - CINDACTA IV
The Brazilian CNS/ATM
IRIUS represents a new paradigm to the Brazilian Airspace Control System. Based on the CNS/ATM concept, SIRIUS stands for the integration of technologies, resources and procedures intended to support the evolution of air transport, taking advantage of digital communications, satellite technology and a strategic operational management. The concept comprises the modernization of Air Communication, Air Navigation, Air Surveillance and Air Traffic Management. The Sirius Project is also fully committed to the environmental issues and demands in order to meet the medium-range efficiency goal of 95% ATM efficiency by 2025 and the long-range goal of 50% net carbon footprint reduction by 2050. Its implementation in Brazil, in accordance with the deadlines outlined in the official implementation schedule which includes actions from 2010 to 2020, involves short-, medium- and long-term complex procedures.
SIRIUS Project objectives More rational use of airspace. Increase in efficiency of the Air Traffic Management. Reduction in emissions of GH gases in the atmosphere. Reduction of noise in communities adjacent to airports. Reduction of controller’s workload. Reduction of pilot’s workload. Cost reduction for the air navigation services providers. Cost reduction for aircraft operators. Better services to the air transport users.
The Aviation of the future has begun
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Brazilian Airspace Control System Organizations
e n i l e m i T
The Brazilian Ministry of Air Force is created. Creation of the “Air Routes Department” (DR). The organization was the first one to provide air navigation services in Brazil.
Creation of the first regional operational flight protection unit in Brazil: “Belém Regional Flight Protection Service” (SRPV-BE). The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is created.
Establishment of what is known as “São Paulo Regional Flight Protection Service” (SRPV-SP).
The Traffic Control Project (Contraf) is signed.
Establishment of the “Rio de Janeiro Electronic Material Facility” - known by its Portuguese acronym as PAME-RJ.
Creation of the “Flight Protection Officer Preparatory Course”(CPOPV). The initiative would lead to the present organization in charge of airspace control training and research: Institute of Airspace Control (ICEA).
The “Electronic and Flight Protection Department” (DEPV) is created replacing DR in its mission.
The Ministry of Air Force approves the beginning of the studies and research to implement the “Air Defense and Air Traffic Control System” (SISDACTA) which would lead to the present Brazilian integrated strategy. 1973
The Brazilian Flight Inspection unit (GEIV - Special Flight Inspection Group) is activated.
The First Integrated Center for Air Defense and Air Traffic Control (CINDACTA I) is activated in Brasília.
Establishment of the Airspace Control System Implementation Commission (CISCEA).
The Second Integrated Center for Air Defense and Air Traffic Control (CINDACTA II) is created in Curitiba.
The First Communications and Control Group (1st GCC) starts its activities.
The Third Integrated Center for Air Defense and Air Traffic Control (CINDACTA III) starts its activities in Recife.
CISCEA takes charge of the “Amazon Surveillance System” known as SIVAM. On October 5th, 2001, the Department of Airspace Control (DECEA) is founded in Rio de Janeiro. The organization takes over all the activities of DEPV.
The Institute of Aeronautical Cartography (ICA) is founded in Rio de Janeiro.
The “Air Navigation Management Center” (CGNA) is created.
The Fourth Integrated Center for Air Defense and Air Traffic Control (CINDACTA IV) starts its activities in Manaus.
DECEA publishes the Brazilian “National Air Traffic Management Concept of Operations” (DCA - 351-2). The document establishes the guidelines for the implementation of the CNS/ATM systems (SIRIUS) in Brazil.
DECEA achieves 95% of compliance with operations and safety procedures as verified by an ICAO audit.
Credits Office of Social Communications ASCOM/ DECEA Director-General of DECEA: Tenente-Brigadeiro do Ar Marco Aurélio Gonçalves Mendes Head of Social Communication: Coronel Aviador (Ref) Paullo Sérgio B. Esteves Editor / English Version: Daniel Marinho Graphic Design: Aline Prete Photos: Luiz Eduardo Perez and Fábio Maciel Copydesk: Adriana Rieche and Elizabeth Norões 1st Edition (English Version)
Av. General Justo, 160 - Centro Rio de Janeiro/RJ - 20021-130 www.decea.gov.br/en