Page 1

Stop the Destruction of our Sacred Sites

Giant geoglyph of KokopillijQuetzalcoatl

La Cuna de Aztlan Sacred Sites Protection Circle Alfredo Acosta Figueroa Chemehuevi Tribal Monitor jElder Historian

Table of Contents Indigenous

Sacred Sites/Kokopelli

GPS Coordinates

Cover Illustration

of the Sacred Geoglyphs

Page 1 Page 2

Cicimitl Geoglyph

Page 3

Glyph of Cicimitl from the Magliabecchi Map of the Colorado River indicating


Cicimitl Geoglyph location

Page 4 Page 5

Foot Print & Four Zero Geoglyphs

Page 6

Aerial picture of EI Tosco & Granite Peak

Page 7

El Tosco Geoglyph

Page 8

Temple Geoglyph

Page 9

Maze Geoglyph

Page 10


Page 11


Geoglyph & Ancient Trail


Trail & 3-mounts

Page 12

Aerial picture of geoglyphs & North/South


Fish Geoglyph

Page 14

Quetzalpetlatl's Quetzalcoatl

Page 13

Mountain Image

& McCoy Well

Page 16 Circle & BLM

Page 17

Blythe Solar Power Project

Page 18

La Cuna de Aztlan Protection Map of proposed

Page 15

Map of Geoglyph locations

Page 19

Francis J & Patricia H. Johnston Map

Page 20

Sacred Sites Protection

Page 21

Memorandum Chemehuevi Declaration BLM Email

Circle Mission Statement

of Understanding Tribe: Resolution Statement


Page 22 Page 23 Page 24 Page 25

Kokopelli and Indigenous Sacred Sites Threatened by Mega Solar Power Plants in the California Desert The enclosures herein submitted by La Cuna de Aztlan Sacred Sites Protection Circle, include pictures of local native/indigenous sacred sites threatened by the proposed mega solar power plants. These Native American sacred sites and cultural resources will be destroyed by the construction of these solar power plants. Other enclosures are of maps, an MOD and correspondence pertaining to the mega-solar power plants. The Blythe Solar Power Project/Chevron, Genesis Solar Energy and Palen Solar Power Project/Chevron are part of the fast track large solar projects to be built on BLM land with a deadline of December, 2010, to qualify for Obama stimulus monies. Though the Bureau of Land Management claims that it will ensure the protection of cultural resources, the fast-track renewable energy solar plants scheduled to be built on the 1-10 corridor in Eastern Riverside County, are already in the implementation stages despite the fact that their cultural resources surveys have yet to be completed. When members of the Sacred Sites Protection Circle met with the California Energy Commission to inform them of their concerns, their presentation was shelved. The members made it clear that they were not against renewable energy, but were protesting the destruction of these specific sites and cultural resources. A giant geoglyph of the Kokopelli, (see front cover), the indigenous hunchback icon with a flute, lies within the right of way acreage ofthe proposed Blythe Solar Project eight miles east of Blythe, California. BLM officials have visited the site of the Kokopelli, yet they continue to sign off on the paperwork in pursuit of the implementation ofthe proposed solar power plants. This document was sent out in search of assistance in protecting the Kokopelli and over 25 other indigenous sacred sites that are exposed to destruction by off road vehicles and now, mega-solar power plants. For the past 55 years, we have been studying "The Aztec Place of Origin," Aztlan/Chicomozstoc/HueHue- Tlapallan, here in the surrounding Palo Verde/Parker Valleys. A brief history of the area follows below just to give you an idea of where these sacred sites are located and what they mean to the creation stories ofthe local tribes and Aztec history. The Lower Colorado River Basin Valleys have been home to the nucleus of many different indigenous linguistic families which at one time or another came to the area where they stayed for sometime and then went on their journey to the four directions. Their migration is symbolized by "Nahui-ollin," in Nahuatl. Some of the nations settled permanently in the area. According to Chief Gary Harrison, the Athapaskans left the Colorado River and went north to Alaska before the last Ice Age. Many nations left the area, beginning with the Olmeca, who went south, thousands of years ago. The Chichimeca followed soon after, and then the Tolteca and Yaqui in the sthcentury, followed by the Azteca/Mexica in the 1ihcentury. The Lower Colorado River Valleys have been a major crossroad for indigenous nations within the western hemisphere, with some of the nations going full circle. These nations traveled/migrated to the four directions and later returned to the Colorado River Valleys. (Krober, 1976) The major interests of this study are the three main linguistic families that claim to have originated on theColorado River. They are the Uto-Aztecan Family (Nahua) which include the Pima, Tohono O'odam, Yaqui, Hopi, Chemehuevi, Paiute, Cahuilla, Azteca/Mexica, Tarahumara, Cora, Huichol, Page 1

Tlaxcalteca,Tarasco and Chichimeca. The Hokan Family (Yuman) includes the Mojave, Quechan, Kamias, YavapaiHualapai, Cocopah, Ha1chidoma, Havasupai, Pai Pai, Chumash, Porno, Shasta, Seris (in Sonora) and the Maya Chontal (in Yucatan and Guerrero). The Athapaskan Family includes the Apache, Navajo, Janos, Athapaskan, in Alaska and Canada. There are five native reservations in the Lower Colorado River Valleys from north to south, including Fort Mojave, near Needles, California, Chemehuevi, Colorado River Indian Tribes, (CRIT), Quechan and Cocopah, south of Yuma, Arizona. Ofthose five, the Mojave and Chemehuevi are the most prominent nations in the Palo VerdelParker Valleys. The area that surrounds Blythe, California (withinl00-mile radius) is the center of the Aztec/Mexica creation story called "Omeyocan." This is illustrated by the Mexica Codices and artifacts (such as the Aztec Sun Stone Calendar) that cross-reference with the surrounding mountain images, geoglyphs, petro glyphs, pictographs, equinoxes and solstices. The Omeyocan is geographically outlined in the form of a diamond. It begins in the north with a peak in the Whipple Mountains (North of Parker, Arizona) and with Dome Rock Peak in the Dome Rock Mountains (East of Blythe, Ca) and the eastern boundary is represented by the Bouse Fisherman Geoglyph (TlaIoc) and the west boundary is the Big Maria Peak in the Big Maria Mountains west above the Blythe Giant Intaglios. The entire length of the Omeyocan Diamond is approximately 50-miles long and 32-miles wide. The Blythe Giant Intaglios represent the center ofthe Mexica Creation Story and are shown in the Aztec Sun Stone Calendar which symbolizes the first Sun of the giants (Tezcatlipoca). In 1865, the original boundaries of CRIT were formed and the Chemehuevi and Mojave elders wanted to include most of the area that comprised the Omeyocan Diamond. The government did not accept their proposal and reduced CRIT's acreage to its current boundaries. They have since regained part of their land. All these tribes have at one time or another utilized the sacred sites and trails that follow the CocoMaricopa East/West Trail and the North/South Quechan Trail that cross at the Blythe Mesa, where the Blythe Energy Plant is located. Sacred Sites Protection Circle is in opposition to the proposed Blythe, Genesis and Palen Solar Power project sites. Ironically, we have an MOD (see enclosure) with the BLM to protect the other sacred sites located along the Lower Colorado River Valleys including the Blythe Giant Intaglios, and worked jointly with the Chemehuevi Indian Tribe, Natural Resource Conservation Service, Southern Low Desert Resource Conservation and Development Council and the National Park Service. We are adamant that there will not be a mitigation process with Mother Earth. We will protect all of these sacred sites, including the Kokopilli giant geoglyph and the sacred trails that connect them to the Blythe Giant Intaglios. Respectfully submitted by: Alfredo A. Figueroa, ElderlHistorianiChemehuevi Tribal Monitor Patricia Pinon, President, La Cuna de Aztlan Sacred Sites Protection Circle Maria Lopez, Secretary, La Cuna de Aztlan Sacred Sites Protection Circle Page I-a

Kokopelli Cover illustration The geoglyph on the cover of this document is that of the giant hunchback with a flute, and is known as Kokopelli (also spelled Kokopilli). It is located within the proposed Blythe Solar Power project area located eight miles east of Blythe and will be destroyed if the solar project is allowed to be constructed in this area. Over 25 other anthropomorphic and zoomorphic images and ancient trails are also located within the right of way acreage of the project. They are all associated with the indigenous sacred sites located in the Palo Verde Valley, including the Blythe Giant Intaglios, located northeast of the Kokopilli, which are connected by sacred trails. All of the proposed renewable energy projects, Blythe, Genesis and Palen Solar Projects, are located along the 1-10 corridor in Eastern Riverside County in California and will destroy these indigenous sacred sites if they are constructed as planned. Native American Tribes have demonstrated their opposition to these solar projects but as of this printing date, the solar power plants have been approved by the California Energy Commission and Bureau of Land Management and are set to be implemented despite the NEP A and CEQA laws that protect cultural resources on BLM land. The Kokopilli is one of the most popular and one of the most recognized indigenous images of the creator in the world, especially in the Southwest United States and Northwest Mexico. Kokopilli's anthropomorphic image is the largest geoglyph in the lower Colorado River area and measures over 200 feet long by 50 feet wide. In the cover illustration, the Kokopilli geoglyph faces west toward the McCoy Mountains and it has a line going straight through his back that was created by a motorcycle race course that was authorized by the government. Racing on this course has since been prohibited and ending this type of destruction had been our main goal of the tribes before the proposed solar power projects threatened to completely destroy it and numerous other indigenous sacred sites. In the AztecaiMexica creation story, Kokopilli is deciphered as "Koko," which means "Hurt in the crown of the head" and "-pilli" means "Our Lord, " and all together it means, "Our Lord is hurt." That is why he is leaving, going west. The image of Kokopilli represents the creator "Quetzalcoatl" and is shown with a flute. The flute represents "The Spirit of the Wind" which is called "Ehecatl" in the Nahuatl language. In this image Kokopilli is going to the four directions from the center of the Big Maria Mountains which represent the center of the earth. In addition, the flute symbolizes "popote" (a drinking straw). Kokopilli/Quetzalcoatl is manifested in the glyphs of the Florentine Codex. In Chapter 4, illustration 11, you see an old bearded/bladed man who is Huemac and he is offering Quetzalcoatl a drink of "Pulque" and he says ... "My Lord drink of this, because if you don 't drink it afterwards you will desire it. At least sample it with your little finger. " Kokopilli is hunchback because he has all the knowledge of the world on his back. This knowledge is depicted by the seven lines on his back and these same lines also represent Page I-b

the harmonious balance (equilibrium) of the world. His image is seen on hundreds of petro glyphs along the migration routes in the four directions out of the Colorado River area as depicted on the Nahua Codex. In the Codex, the hunchback is called "Teomama-Huehuetlatolli" meaning "The Bundle Carriers of Knowledge. " Kokopilli's five feathers on his head represent the communication from the center of the earth to the cosmos. His upper body is of a bee and the lower portion is that of a human. Kokopilli/Quetzalcoatl geoglyph is facing west and is departing with the sunset during the fall equinox at the end ofthe 3rd Sun as shown in the Aztec Stone Calendar. In the creation story, when Quetzalcoatlleft he promised to come back during the end of the 4th Sun which is also the beginning of the 5th Sun. Quetzalcoatl came at the beginning of the 5th Sun but in the form of a blonde bearded Christopher Columbus in 1492 and later in the form of Heman Cortes in 1519. Thus, the native people of the Continent of Anahuac suffered the greatest devastation that the world has ever seen upon the arrival of Europeans.

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GPSCoordinates of Sacred Sites and Geoglyphs located within the Blythe Solar Power Site (North-Northwest from the Blythe Airport) Blythe, California June 2, 2010 Submitted by Razsa Cruz

Name of the Sacred Sites 1. 2.

3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

8. 9.

Elevation 442 438 438 450 440

ft. ft. ft. ft.


453 ft. 402 ft. 399 ft. 408 ft.

Page 2

Coordinates 33037.728 33037.704 33037.704 33038.370 33038.724 33040.096

33040.317 33040.418 33040.412

N, 114045.214 N, 114045.194 N, 114045.194 N, 114044.382 N, 114044.406 N, 114042.399 N, 114041.967 N, 114042.184 N, 1140 42.238


Cicimitl Geoglyph This picture ofCicimitl has been retouched. As you see the body, head, right arm (That's in the form of the letter "M"),left arm (That's in the form of the letter "U")and the big foot have all been retouched but we don't know when or by whom. Also you will notice that the tt-Iines that are north & south right beside his body are distorted because they have never been retouched throughout the centuries. In addition, the top "V"sign has also not been retouched. The tt-Iines represent the Suns tt-year Sunspot Cycles and these are included in the original Mexica Flag. CicimitI is one of the most important images of the Creator because it tells the story of the 4 places and directions that our spirits go according to how we lived and how we died on Mother Earth (This is all based in the Mexica Codex). The first place where the majority of the spirits go to repose is magnetic north (which is what Cicimitl represents) which ends in Topock Maze which is "Mictlan." The second place is true north, Spirit Mountain (t5 miles Northwest of Laughlin, NY)which is called "Tlalocan," the people who have been struck by lightening, drowned or if their death was related to water repose here. The third place is Old Women Mountain which is called "Chichihualcuauhco" mothers and children who died during childbirth repose here. It is also represented by the letter "M"that represents the women's breast. The forth and final place is The King of Arizona Mountains called "Tecpatl," The Sun, those warriors that died in the defense of Mother Earth repose here. Cicimitl is one of the most important images of the Creator and its geoglyph was not designed in 1994 as stipulated by Rachel McMahon and her two independent firms that have researched historic aerial photographs ofthe area. Page 3



This image is from the Magliabecchi Codex that is in the Nazional Centrale library in Florence, Italy. Cicimitl was painted like a skeleton, full of hearts and hands around the neck and head. Around the hearts there are 11 flags referred to by the Mexica as "Pantli." They are also represented in the original Mexican flag before the European invasion during the battle of Cuitlahuac and Cuauhtemoc in 1521. This is the Codex glyph of the Cicimitl geoglyph that is next to the Kokopilli geoglyph site.

Page 4

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The red "X"indicates Cicimitl's geoglyph which is located by the Blythe Airport and it shows his travels from the south beginning at the Mule Mountains caUed "CaUL"The red line is 13-magnetic north and it traverses the Cicimitl geoglyph and ends up in the north at the Topock Maze (West of the Needles Peak).

Page 5

This is the Foot Print Geoglyph that is next to the Cicimitl Geoglyph and it has been retouched.

Four Zero Geoglyph

This is the Four Zero Geoglyph that is next to the Temple and has not been retouched.

Page 6

Aerial image af EITasca geaglyph This geoglyph represents the creator as he descends fro In the cosmos and meets vvith Mother Earth at Granite Peak called "Tamoanchan" ""hich means "Tata busca su Casa" (Grandfather seeks his house). This image of the creator is the one that judges your actions and behaviors here on earth.

Granite Peak seen directly narth-west fram EITasca geaglyph "When the Cosmo meets Earth it is called Ilhuicatlalpan, deciphered it means, Ilhui=Cosmo, Ca=Calli (House), TIal=Earth, Pan=Place Above." It forms an hourglass or the letter "X"as seen on the many petroglyphs.

Page 7

EITosco geoglyph facing southeast with Granite Peak at the top

EITosco geoglyphs pointing southeast towards the Trigo Mountains Page 8

Temple Geoglyph: Coordinates

This is a picture of the Temple Geoglyph that has not been retouched. It shows 9-lines descending towards the wash that is in direction to the image of Tezcatlipoca (in Nahuatl).

This is a picture of the top of the Temple Geoglyph that forms the 7-lines and it has not been retouched.

Page 9

Maze Geoglyph: Coordinates

This is a picture of the cross section of the large Maze and Universe (Represented by the large circle) geoglyphs and both have not been retouched.

Page 10

Letter ifF" Geoglyph: Coordinates

This is a picture of the Magnetic North


Geoglyph which has been partially retouched.

Picture of Ancient Trail that has not been retouched. Page 11


East/West Trail that leads to The Temple Geoglyph.

3-mounts in-lined with Nuhu in the shadowy background Mc Coy Mountains)

Page 12

(located in the middle of the

Aerial Picture of Geoglyphs

North/South Geoglyph

Page 13

Fish Geoglyph

This is a picture of the Fish GeoglyphjMount that has not been retouched and that is partially destroyed.

Page 14


mountain image in the center of the McCoy Mountains

In this picture you can see Quetzalpetlatllaying north to south in what is called Nonoalcatepetl on the east side of the McCoy Mountain where she is doing penance ..."After Quetzalcoatl gets drunk he orders his attendents to bring his elder sister Quetzalpetlatl to share in his revel and she goes and joins him." (Anales de Cuauhtitlan)

j Quetzalpetlatl's


mountain image as seen further south

"She came to were Quetzalcoatl was and sat next to him and accepted 4 cups of pulque and finally her 5th, her libation. Both were throughly drunk and when dawn came and they awakened they were fully aware of what they had done during the night and were completed distraughted with grief." In this image the head of Quetzalcoatl (Mc Coy Peak) forms the feet of Quetzalpetlatl. (Anales de Cuauhtitlan)

Page 15

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Quetzalcoatl is bathing in the McCoySprings at midnight (Florentine Codex Chapter 3, Glyph 10)

McCoyWell located at the west-side of the McCoyMountains where the main east/west trail goes to Desert Center and another trail goes northwest towards Hue-Hue-Tlapallan, the Palen Mountains.

Page 16

La Cuna de Aztlan Sacred Sites Protection Circle members together with George Kline (BLM Archeologist, from the Palm Springs, Ca office) and John Kalish (BLM Field Manager from the Palm Springs office) at the Kokopilli & Cicimitl geoglyphs site on March 2,2010. From left to right: John Kalish, George Kline, Lucas Pinon, Victor Van Fleet, Phil Smith, Ron Van Fleet, Jesus Figueroa and in front Patricia Pinon, President of Sacred Sites Protection Circle.

On March 2, 2010, we tour the BLM representatives to the Kokopilli & Cicimitl sites and to the 16-Level Temple that goes to EI Tosco site and other sacred trails and mounts that are all within the proposed Blythe Solar Power Project site. In this picture the BLM cannot deny that they toured and personally visited the sites together with our Protection Circle which includes the Mojave and Chemehuevi Tribal descendents.

Page 17


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Amendment No.1 to Memorandum of Understanding .Between United States Department of the Interior Bureau Qf Land Management


and the

Southern Low Desert Resource Conservation

__ and Development



This Amendment No. t modifies the current Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) that was signed by the Bureau of land Management (BlM) and the Southern. Low Desert Resource Conservation and Development Council (Council) in July 2006 to· include the La Cuna de Aztlan Sacred Sites Protection Circle Advisory Committee (LCASSPC) and the Blythe Area Chamber of Commerce and Tourist Information Center (Chamber) In the partnership for protection of cultural res.ources in the BlM Yuma Field Office planning area.·

Section "II. Definitions" is amended as follows: A. BLM: The Bureau of land Management's Yuma Field Office, which has management responsibility for the public land area covered under this MOU. B. Council: The Southern Low Desert Resource Conservation and Development community Council (a 501(c)(3) non-profit I non-governmentaloonservatiortand development organization) .. C. LCASSPC: La Cuna de Aztlan Sacred Sites Protection Circle Advisory Committee. A 501 {c){3lnonDrofit organization that is comDtised·of 15 indiQenous and culturally· aware individuals who are dedicated to Dhysically orotectinQ the Blvthe Giant Intaglios. other aeoglYDhs. and several hundred sacred sites that are located alona the Colorado River from Needles. Califernla. to Yuma. Arizona. D. Chamber. The Blvthe Area Chamber of Commerce and Tourist Information Center. Provides information to visitors and the community about the Blvthe Intaatios and other imDortant cultural resources in the vicinitv of Blythe. California. E. MOU sianatories: Refers to all aaencies and organizations that have·a formalized partnership throuah the Julv 2006 MOU and associated amendments ..

Section "III. Statement of MOU Purpose" is amended as follows: This Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) will provide a means for the BlM theCololnoil MOU sianatories to work in partnership to enhance cultural resources protection, conservation, and interpretation efforts on BLM lands within the Yuma Field Office's jurisdiction and the Southern low Desert RC&D area. The purpose of this MOU is to assist the BlM with its responsibilities under Section 110 of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, as amended .. The QbM.•.aRg U1Q Ccnmcil MOU signatories agree that all projects conducted under this MOU will be carried out by qualified specialists. Contractors hired for projects must meet Page 1 cf4

BLM·standa~ds'. Projects that may be conducted under this MOU include bUt,are not limited 'to cultural resources survey, archaeological site recordation, National Register of Historic 'Places nominations, ethnographic studies with ,interested Native, American tribes, design' and installf;ltfon of site protection and Interpretation measures, and the production of interpretive, materials for the public. All projects will be coordinated with and approved the BLM. ' : ..


The eLM aAd the CounGiI'MOU ~ignatori~have a common objective of helping to bring, about the conservation. develOpment, and wise use of archaeological and historical ' resourceS in the southeastern CaUfomia desert area. Thereibre, ~91k the 8&.M sRi ~e ' . CeYAGiI the MOU signatories deem this' effort of mutual benefit to SetA partIeS. We


hereby agree as followS:


A. The Council agrees to: 1. Work cooperatively with BLM to coordinate and facilitate ,the deve~pment of plans for the conservation, protection" and interpretation of desert resources. S~ific8l1y, the Council agrees to diligently work towards thefmmediate and future protection of cultural resources, inCluding the Blythe Intaglios. for the public good. " , 2. Assist with any environmental documenf$ deemed necessary 10r the completion of joint projects within the mutual boundary of the 'Council and alMa ' 3. Provide a public outreach program,toencourage and promOte active pUblic participation In'the protection of desert resources~ ' ' ,




4. 'Ass~t in the solicitation of funds from,outslde-organizations arid agencies to , complete agreed upon proj$cts or Work items within'the mutual boundaries of the BLM and the Council.

B. LCAS$PC aorees to~ '.


1. Work cooDeratively with BlM to coordinate and facilitate the develoDment of Dlans for the conseNation~ 'protection. and intemreta1jon of desert resources and sacred sit•• SoecificaUv LCASSPC aqreas to dirlOentlv work toward the . immediate and future orotectIon of cultural resources .• includina the Blvthe IntaGlios. for the good of the future generations arid the D~bUc Good.

2. Assist with any environmental documents deemed necessarY for the comDletion of joint Droieets. " ' 3. Provide a Dublic outreach omaram ~o encourBge Dsrtfcication in the "DrotectiOn of desertresource5_ ,

4. AssilUn the sol~Jrom

and Dromote, active'Dubllc


ouliiJe of9anizationsandagenc. to '

, cOmDIete,'aaree uoon oroiecta 9f' work items.



C. The Chamber aarees to: 1. Work cooperativelv with BlM to coordinate and facilitate the development of plans for the conservation. Qrotection. and interpretation of desert resources. Soeciflcally. the Chamber aorees to diligently work toward the immediate and future protection of cultural resources. includina the Blvthe '"taolios. for the public aood. 2. Provide a public outreach program to encouraae and cromote active public oarticloation in the orotection of desert resources. 3. Assist in the solicitation of funds from outside oroanizations and a~encies to complete agreed upon proiects or work items.


BlM agrees to: 1. Work cooperatively with the COl:lnoilon projects of mutual benefit to RI U ~nrf th~ rnllnnil the MOU siqnatories .. 2. Provide technical and planning assistance for projects of mutual benefit to the IilLU flnd tho MOU signatories. 3. Initiate any environmental assessment documents deemed necessary for the completion of any agreed upon joint projects \!Jithin tha mutual hnunderioG of thA 81 M and tha C~lJnnil. 4. Assist with the preparation of statements of work and hiring of contractors to complete the agreed upon projects. 5. Cooperate and assist (when appropriate) with seeking funds to complete agreed upon joint projects.

Section "IV. Terms of the MOU" is amended as follows: A. The fol/owing individuals are designated as the liaison between-'the RI A4 ~nd thA MOU signatories. 1. Bureau of land Management Yuma Field Office Rebecca Heiok James T. Shoaff. Field Manager

2555 E Gila Ridge Road Yuma, AZ 85365 PH: (928) 317-3200 FX: 928-311-3250 2. Southern Low Desert Resource Conservation & Development Council Thomas Burgin, President 53990 Enterprise Way, 68 page

3 of4

Coachella, CA 92236 PH: 760-391-9002 FX: 760-391:...9813

3. La Cuna de 'Antan Sacred Sites Protection Circle Advisory Committee Alfredo A. Figueroa Escuels de la Raza Unida 137 N. Broadwav 8lvthe~ CA 92225 PH: (760) 922-6442 E-mail: 4. Blythe Area Chamber of Commerce and Tourist Information Center Jim'ShiDlev. COO 201 S Broadway J;3lvthe. CA 92225

PH: 760-922-8166. FX: 760-922...4010 E-mail: B. Nothing he~ein is intended to conflict with existing BLM, Department of the Interior orders, or Council 'directives. If any terms or conditions of this MOU are inconsistent with existing BlM orders or Council directives, those portions of this MOUare invalid.

By signing below, the partners show their agreement-to MOU Amendment No.1 asdescribed in this document. . Thomas BIJrgin, President of the Southern Low Desert Resource Conservation and - Development Council. Signed: ~

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~ r ~ 2..008

Alfredo Figueroa, La Cuna de AztIan Sacred Sites Protection Circle Advisory Committee.-


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Jim Shipley. Blythe Area C)1amberof Commerce and Tourist Info'rmation Center .








Indian Tribe


maintaining a government-to-government

WHEREAS, the Tribe is organized under the provisions of the Indian Reorganization Act. 25 U.S.c. Sec. 476, with a written constitution vesting in the Chemehuevi Tribal Council (the Tribal Council) the authority to govern the Tribe; and

WHEREAS, the Tribe is the beneficial owner of the Chemehuevi Indian Reservation, the tide to which is owned by the United States government in trust for the Tribe (Reservation); and

WHEREAS, the Tribe still holds all ancestral, historical land use areas within our trust and stewardship and seeks the protection and preservation of same; and

WHEREAS, the 'Blythe' Intaglios fall within our ancestral and historical land use area we wish to protect and preserve them for future generations, and

WHEREAS, the Sacred Sites Protection Circle, the Southern Low Desert Resource Conservation and Development Council and the Bureau of Land management have entered into a Memorandum of Understanding to protect and preserve the 'Blythe' Intaglios and seek Tribal support;

NOW THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED that the Chemehuevi Tribal Council approves and supports the MOU between the Sacred Sites Protection Circle, the Southern Low Desert Resource CQns~rvation and Development Council and the Bureau of land Management for the protection and preservation of the known, identified intaglios on the lower Colorado River and any future intaglios that may be discovered.


NO. CHEM.R. 06-07-29-02

CERTIFICATION The foregoing Resolution was adopted at a duly convened meeting of the Chemehuevi Tribal Council with a quorum present held on the 29th day of July, 2006, by the following vote:













Ronald D. Escobar, Sr., SecretarylTreasurer


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0 0 (,

RESOLUTION NO. CHEM.R. 06-07-29-02

The following is the Declaration of: Alfredo Acosta Figueroa 424 North Carlton Ave. Blythe, Ca 92225 Phone: (760) 922-6422 E-mail: Submitted To: California Energy Commission Hearing Room B 1516 Ninth Street Sacramento, ea 95814 I Alfredo Acosta Figueroa, a native of the Colorado River, born in Blythe, California, Elder/Historian and a Chemehuevi Tribal Sacred Site Monitor hereby declare: That I for the past 55 years have been studying "The Aztec Place of Origin," AztlcinlChicomozstoclHue-Hue- Tlapallan, here in the surrounding Palo VerdeIParker Valleys. The author of the book "Ancient Footprints of the Colorado River," published in May 2002. That in 1975 we organized opposition against the Sun Desert Nuclear Power Plant proposed to be built at the base of the Sacred Mule Mountains ("Calli" in Nahuatl & "HamocAvi" in Mojave) stopping the project in 1979. That in 1992 we organized the Colorado River Anti-Ward Valley Coordinating Committee and after 8-years stopped the proposed Ward Valley Nuclear Toxic Dump located in between the Sacred Turtle and Avi-Kawme (Spirit Mountain located 15 miles west of Laughlin, Nevada) Mountains. That in 2000 we organized La Cuna de AztlAn Sacred Sites Protection Circle under the auspices of La Escuela de la Raza Unida, said circle is comprised of 15 individuals dedicated to physically protecting the Sacred Sites and that on February 15,2008 were given a Memorandum of Understanding together with the Southern Low Desert Resource Conservation & Development Council to partnership for protection of cultural resources, that included the Blythe Giant Intaglios, other geoglyphs and several hundred Sacred Sites that are located along the Colorado River from Needles, Ca down to Yuma, Az. I hereby state: That we oppose the certification by the California Energy Commission and the issuing of public land by the Bureau of Land Management to the following proposed solar power projects: 1) Genesis Solar Energy Project: 09-AFC-8 2) Solar Millennium Blythe Project: 09-AFC-6 3) Solar Millennium Palen Project: 09-AFC-7



Our investigations concerning the above projects are located in Eastern Riverside County along the 1-10 corridor that is the most Sacred area of the North American Continent It is the area where the Aztec Calendar is geographically outlined and located. The area entails from the Kofa Mountains in Arizona, west to the human head image (CopiIl-Quettalli) on the crest of the San Jacinto Mountains above the city of Palm Springs, Ca. The proposed Blythe Solar Power Project is overlaid on more than 25 large geoglyphs that we have found throughout the area. They include the world known image of Kokopilli, Cicimitl (The Great Spirit that takes human spirlts to their final resting place in the Topock Maze, "Mictlan"). Included in the area is the image of Tosco, over 5 large windrow mazes, a 9-level pyramid and over 25 Sacred images (that we have not yet deciphered). The main EastjWest & North/South trails all lead to and from the Blythe Giant Intaglios. One trail leads to Kokopilli and Cicimitl which traverses west through the south end of the McCoy Mountains to the McCoy Springs. Here the image of Quetzalcoatl takes a bath then goes to the Palen Mountains "Hue-Hue- TlapallanD (Reddish Earth), were he is lead to the underworld by Xolotl (The Dog), as shown in the petro glyphs at the Palen Mountain Mural Wash. The trail comes down from the Palen Mountain Wash and meets with another trail from the McCoy Springs area that is in the Genesis project. The trail then runs west along the plains of the Palen Mountains then crossed southwest towards the Chuckawalla Mountains were it meets the main trail coming west from the Mule Mountains towards Desert Center, Ca. These two trails meet at the proposed Palen Mountain Project and the southwest trail leads towards Corn Springs (Tula) located in "the center of the Chuckwalla Mountains. On February 2009, we took 2 archeologists, Jeffery Adams and Joe that had contacts with the BLMto document all the geoglyphs along the Colorado River which included the Sacred Sites of Kokopilli and Cicimitl. On March 2, 2010 we took John Kalish, Bureau of Land Management Field Manager and George Kline, archeologist of the Palm Springs. California office to the Blythe Power Project area and took them on an onsite tour which included 5 large geoglyphs and the images of Kokopilli and Cidcmitl. Unfortunately. we have not yet received a report of the investigations.

Please feel free to contact me with any questions regarding the Sacredness of the areas.




Alfredo Acosta Figueroa

Phone: (760) 922-6422 E-mail:

Alfredo A. Figueroa 424 N. Carlton Ave Blythe, Ca92225

Our Mission: The mission of La Cuna de Aztlan Sacred Sites Protection Circle is to protect, preserve, share indigenous history that that has been denied to us for more than 500 years. Our mission is to educate the general population of the sacredness of the Blythe Giant Intaglios as well as hundreds of other geogIyphs, petroglyphs, pictographs and other sacred sites that are remnants of the ancient footprints left here by the thousands of years of migrations from the surrounding lower Colorado River Valley. The Sacredness of the Intaglios: These Intaglios are extremely important not only to our indigenous culture but to all civilizations of the world. It is estimated that they are over 10,000 years old and they can be crossed referenced with the AztecjMexica Codex's. The Intaglios represent the giant inhabitants that dwelled on this earth during the First Sun "Tezcatlipoca" in the Legend of the Five Suns, of the Aztec Sun Stone Calendar. According to the Codex's, the giants were told not to fall down because if they did they would never get up (As illustrated in the Vatican A Codex). The Intaglios are geogIyphs that are designed on dark-surfaced mesas along the Colorado River which stones are covered with desert varnish. The designs are made when the stones are removed and the "Caliche" (Light-colored Limestone) is exposed, outlining the various images that leave an impression (As seen from above) similar to chalk designs on a blackboard. According to retired BLMArcheologist of the Yuma, Arizona office, Barna Johnson, there are over 275 known Intaglios designs which are anthropomorphs (human-like), zoomorphs (animal-like), geometric and linear shaped, (Which begin in the Needles, California area in the north, down to Yuma, Arizona in the south). Boma also stated that the concentration of geoglyphs in the area of the Colorado River is the greatest in North America. Memorandum of Understanding by the Bureau of Land Manaiement: The Sacred Sites Protection Circle is comprised of 13'lndigenous and culturally aware individuals, including anthropologists and archeologists whom are dedicated to protecting these Sacred Sites. In 2008, La Cuna de Aztlan Sacred Sites Protection Circle along with the R.C.N.D(Southern Low Desert Resource Conservation District Council of the U.S.Dept. of Ag) received an MOUby the B.L.Mto preserve the Blythe Giant Intaglios and other Sacred Sites. In addition we have a partnership with the Chemehuevi Tribe.

Page 21

MOU States:

"fA Cuna de Aztlan Sacred Sites Protection Circle Advisory Committee. A SOl Š (3l nonprofit

organization that is comprised of 15 indigenous and culturally aware individuals who are dedicated to physically protecti11Bthe Blythe Giant Intaglios, other geoglyphs and several hundreds sacred sites that are located along the Colorado River from Needles, California to Yuma, Arizona." OUf

Future Goals:

As the Sacred Sites Protection Circle, we envision the Intaglio sites to one day become a State or National Park and eventually a World Heritage Site. In addition, we plan to educate the general public of the Sacredness of the sites. As well as raise public awareness through presentations, media campaigns (such as in-house videos) and educational publications and build community support In the future we also plan to construct a visitor center in Blythe, California that will house artifacts, books, films and educational material that is related to the hundreds of images that we are protecting. We will also be having guided tours that will take the general public to the sites in order to view and learn about them. However, this will not be possible until we fence and protect these sacred sites off. Sponsor of the La Cuna de Aztlan Sacred Sites Protection Circle: Escuela de la Raza Unida is a non-profit organization, incorporated in 1972, (Federal ID # 95-2778840), a Bilingual Indigenous Alternative school which includes Early Childhood and Day-Care Centers, and KERU-88.5 FM,an educational bilingual radio station located Oll the premises of 137 North Broadway, Blythe, Ca 92225. La Cuna de AztIan Sacred Sites Committee


Alfredo Acosta Figueroa

Gilbert Lopez Levias

Ron Van Fleet Sr.

Michelle Leivas Kristmann

Patricia Figueroa

Dr. Greg Nall

Jorge Hernandez

Catherine Ohrin-Greipp

Barna Johnson

Mateo Hanks Levias

Jim Guerra

Phillip Gonzales Smith

Robert Gonzales

La Cuna de Aztlan Sacred Sites Protection Circle

Patricia Pifion. President (760) 219-2834 Alfredo Acosta Figueroa. ElderjHistorian/Chemehuevi (760) 922-6422

Tribal Monitor

Dear Bureau of Land Management, We the members of La Cuna de Aztlan Sacred Sites Protection Circle are against the proposed Genesis Solar Energy Power Project site. The proposed Genesis Solar Energy site is located approximately 4-5 miles from Interstate-10 and lies north of Ford Dry Lake at the base of the south end of the Palen Mountains. On December 9,2009 the Palo Verde Times invited the general public to an onsite visit to the proposed site. However, the onsite visit and hearing turned out to be a big farce. Before I went to City Hall I was undecided if I should take my hiking shoes because the Palo Verde Times newspaper article said "That we were going to visit the site. II But when we were in line to board the bus, I noticed that the ladies of the company had high heels shoes. This is when I knew something was up, and sure enough when the bus stopped at the Ford Dry Lake off-ramp we didn't even get off. Instead we were told by the tour guides to look north towards the base of the Palen Mountains at the proposed site. They also said that they had placed some large balloons above the site as markers and offered us binoculars to see the balloons from the bus, however no one was able to see them. My brother and I were indeed misconstrued and where very perturbed because we thought that we were going to visit the site. The Palen Mountains are very sacred to the Uto-Aztecan and in nahuatl they are called "Hue-Hue-Talpallan" which means Hue (Ancient), Hue (Ancient), Talpallan (Reddish Earth) altogether this means "The Ancient, Ancient Reddish Earth" where the Creator Quetzalcoatl descends at sun down. When you see the section in the center of the Palen Mountains you can see that it has a large image of a wrinkled reddish face looking towards the west. At the base of the Palen Mountains there is a large arroyo that has a large rectangular 20x40 foot wall that is facing west and among the petroglyphs is the image of the creator shown as a stick figure descending together with Xolotl ''the dog." This is the place where the creator goes to the underworld. The trail that leads to and from the petroglyphs of the Palen Arroyo meets with the trail that comes from the petroglyphs of the McCoy Springs (from the east) and they meet directly on the site. This is why I was so interested in going to the site in the first place. The junction of the two trails, lead to Desert Center and 4.7 miles west of Desert Center is where the 13 monuments are located. They represent "13 Acatl" which is the top section of the Aztec Sun Stone Calendar. Confirming our traditional knowledge of the area are the following known archeologist reports: In Bern Schwenn article "In the Foots of the Ancients" Friday, December 18, 2009 America Online: LaCunaDeAztlan Page 25

re:tgc..) Ul ..)

Colorado River. Companies such as NextEra Energy have no respect or concern for Mother-Earth and our Native Traditions. I am attaching Johnston's and McCarthy's map of the trail systems from the Colorado River that clearly shows the trails passing in between the north end of Ford Dry Lake and the south end of the base of the Palen Mountains.

S~t:'lperely, .





La Cuna de Aztlan Sacred Sites Protection Circle 424 North Carlton Ave. Blythe, Ca 92225 (760) 922-6422

Friday, December 18,2009 America Online: LaCunaDeAztlan

La Cuna de Aztlan Sacred Site Protection Circle  

This booklet details the Sacred Sites and Cultural Resources threatened by large corporate solar development in the California Deserts

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