July 1997 Edition - Access Press

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State Park Survey In Progress by Jane Wheeler


overnments are paving and ramping. Businesses are adding Braille and sound recordings to public spaces. Although it may be slow, corporationsare recognizing ADA regulations and adapting. But there is one great corporation that simply wjll not budge, mother na.$+"',;, : :. .". 'st: ture. .- . I .

are not just a great resource to bring tnItOuri~m-doll@s.They mate;state pride md we ow L.


Under Attack:


ation of parks in _tRe United States was to proHde a natu-" ral environment where all are welcome and included. This is why Minnesota's Department of Natural Resources (DNR) has recently established aprogram to surveythe state parks for accessibility. To make the state parks completely accessible would be costly, unattractive and probably impossible, but in 1995, When you invest money, you the Minnesota State Legisare trying to make more lature mandated a five year money. That's obvious. But plan to make at least one trail what are you doing when you in every state park accessible. buy insurance? That's differ- Since that time, the DNR has ent: you are buying security. enlisted the help of WilderFor example, you don't get ness Inquiry (WI) to survey any money back on your fire park trails and facilities and insurance if your house to recommend changes. doesn't burndown. Have you "lost" that money? No, of course not. Social Security, John Strohkirch, the DNR's likewise, is not an "invest: Manager of Development ment". If you die on the day and Acquisition of State that youretire youwillnotget Parks, said they may not be your"money's worth. But if able to follow ADA regula-' you become disabled, or live tionsexactly when modifying for 40 years after you retire, the trails. He recognized that you will get a check every some compromise will be month. And the amount will necessary to keep the parks be adjusted for inflation, and natural. The DNR involved will be related to the amount Wilderness Inquiry in the you wereearning as a worker. surveying, Strohkirch ,exAnd you will receive it until plained, because they have a you die. That's Social Secu- history of balancing the isrity insurance. sues of disabilities and nature. '"They are not going to Concept Number 2: Social want to pave everything or versus Individual. "All for bulldoze it flat. They are inone and one for all." "An in- terested in leaving some of Security - cont. on p.3

Saving It Or Destroying It?. by Jeff Nygaard Part 2 of a 3-Part Series "Social Security Doesn't Work Any More." So said a recent headline, singing a song you will be hearing a lot in the coming months. This song has many verses, and they are all false. Last month in ACCESS PRESS, we showed why. Social Security is like a car, and it needs, a tune-up if we want it to keep running well for the next 75 years. But lots of people are saying we need to junk it and buy a new car. Why arethey sayingthis? And what kind of car do they want us to buy, anyway?

The Philosophy of Privatization What a lot of people want us to "buy" is a new arrangement called "privatization'". Exactly what is "privatization"? Briefly, privatization would dismantle the current system of taxing all workers to pay

benefits to those who need them, and replace it with a system of "Personal Security Accounts" (PSAs) wherein each worker would set aside money for their own retireme$, along the lines of the current IRAs or 401 (k) plans in the private sector. Under the PSA plan, workers would still have the same amount of tax (or more) taken out of their paychecks, but they would be required to invest part of it into the stock market. When they retire, they would get their money -however much might beto do with as they please. We can best understand the philosophy and goals sf the privatization proponents by contrasting them with those of the current system using three simple,but crucial, concepts. Concept Number 1: Insurance versus Investment.

. .,

O a t k e ~ 1 y ~ b i k s Tbe p~. way theory behind the m-

these trails a little rustic," he said. However, the state park facilities, like rest rooms and interpretive centers, will be made completely accessible. The surveying phase of the facilities is almost complete and any needed changes will be implemented soon.

out is exactly what they hope people will do. He said "they are considering including everyday comparisons on the signs. An example would be that an indoor ADA regulated wheelctiair ramp is an 8% grade." Even with these little clues, Passo explained the long-term theory is that the rating system will become like

sgz&ing out in the outdoors you-go with a beg~nnertrail, just like QQ.* s L ~ pIf, you _&vee n daingit awhile you yzc:: d h @ wk~l i z e W+.XQU are mends will +be-unobtrusive. ready for the harder stuff.';' -~ti?~ir%fiflil8, a small'set of stairs can be modified into a This project is also providing gradual ramp without chang- the added benefit of educating the feel of a trail. But ing those with disabilities and these small changes will not without on how to determine make nature an accessible accessibility. The 20 sorveyors, a mix of people who recplace. ognize the need for more inInstead the DNR envisions a formation on accessibility system of signs that will give include: trail leaders, land information on each trail and scape architects and individu a rating of easy, medium or als with disabilities. difficult. This will allow the public to make their own de- Groups of four workers will cisions on what trails to use. be traveling to the state parks throughout the summer. Passo Readingthesigns will require explained the advantages of some self education by the employing a mix of people. public and possibly some trial "We can send out a person and error. Since each indi- that uses a wheelchair and two vidual has different abilities, other strong surveyorson each the signs will not state spe- project. The person with a cifically that a trail is adequate disability can give a lot of for a wheelchair user or for insights .to trouble spots and someone who is visually im- the others can help with other paired. Instead, they will of- obstacles." fer information such as the averagegrade and cross slope WI is scheduled to survey 19 of the trail. In everyday lan- state parks this summer seaguage these terms translate to son and just received funding how steep the hills are and for Phase Two of the START how much a trail tips to the project. Phase Two will beleft or right. Unless someone gin in August and will involve is an architect or an engineer, 33 more stateparks. The long they are not going to know term goal of the project is to whetherthey can handlea6% gather informationon 48 other sites around the state to ingrade, until they try it out. clude state forests, state recMike Passo, Project Coordi- reation trails and state wildnator of Surveying for WI, life areas. explained that trying the trailr that issurveying thestate park trail system is titledStateTargetiagAccessible Recreation

2 P


July 10,1997


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Rwve mry have started be 'poud of. The p i h i e s his disability > a dwill . always idw th$se&w dl1 have im- ce&g . . . . - a fun time and I h - : . : pr~ved~bkyoadtheservicecen-stapt workigg.& disbbi~ty:is- you &itwake it. ter'sand rider?sexpectations. sues which '&pact aH people **** :b4&&& Mobility made their I invitb riders to call me with with disabilities, not just the people who want to be cured.. LeAnne Dahl and C.C. Chantrai~giria~ptwo provider their comments. system on Jahe 28th. From dler two of ACCESS .. *. *. *'* should the rich get* Q#l<ddwrite t A Y .




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[ hopfully they can be worked Christopher R d e as Vice Saturday, August 16th with a v & ~ ~ e b $ a ~ ~


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b-6 the budget by cutting aride or the new provider ing they too may have fallen selfmembers! ~ o u ' v e d a n ea'4-'' . +< - *;.>yq; Pn w I e with disabilities. Ma#@@qdMedicaid. @v&grour b pervice you ex- for a star, B a t h e n again, Mr. greatjob and you have a lm?' 'ftr&~grcj$i;.-, ,. .c,: ! . -



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Civil Commitment System T




he 1997 legislative session brought many changes to the laws governing a person with mental illness who may be comm~tedto

According to District Court Referee, James Finley, the changes bring a more consumer orientation to the law and thelaw gives moreprotec-

who have not deteriorated to the point where the commitmeotstandardsaremet. Finley gtates, "Court ordered treatment without commitment

refers to appointing someone to make decisions on your behalf. The provision lists standards for-the appointment of the decision maker.

comprised of legislators, % entitled to qualified repre- this provision; Rarnsey County ment a person may be put on a judges, physicians, menal $entation and that role re- does plan to use the court or- provisional discharge. There person may be f o r c w o return to the facility if the conditions lems with the cumnt Civil that if a doctor's report is ad- The faskfaim faund the cur- of their discharge are not folCommitment system. Their mitted as evidence that doctor- rent c o m i n i m t and Jarvis lowed. For example, if a per- omm mend at ions were shared must be present at the hearing. hearing procedures (consent son upon release stops taking legis]- and the amend-

Commission on Civil m h t s 70th Anniversary Fall for nominations

court approvalt~involuntarily new aspect includes the new court will review. treat some groups of persons term of "Decision maker" and



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............................................................................ PresentationImages, Ellen Houghton ..................... Cindy Vogel, Dawn Doering & Jeff Nygaard

Production Staff Writers & Editorial Assistants

ACCESS PRESS is a monthly tabloid newspaper published for persons with disabilities by Access Ctrculation is 10,000, distributed the 10" of each rrtonth through more than I30 locations -


Approximately 650 copies are mailed directly to political, business, institutional and civic a~~bscriptions are available for $15/yr.

Editorial submissions and news releases on topics of interest to persons with disabilities, or persons serving those with disabilities, are welcomed. Paid advertising is available at rates ranging from $14 to $I8/column inch, depending on size and frequency. Classified ads are $8.00, plus 35 centslword over 20 words.


Advertising and editorial deadlines are the 30th of the month preceding publication; special scheduling available for camera-ready art. . 1

Access Press is available on tape. Call Md%$O

II:,.I ~ r..~r\rmnt;n~ nwf ~ ~~ ~ ~ u ~ u WBUW ~ a u\u u Lu &)

296-2 146.Information for this article was provided at the pub-. lic forum sponsored by People, Inc. and Beverly Jones Heydinger, Deputy Attomey General.

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ment ~ cintare& of treatment with neuroleptic medication and changes in consent to voluntary treatment. Copies of the Cjvil Commitment Act and the 'bill which features these amendments can be obtained through the House Pub-

%ivZ&or the Blind, 642-0500 or 800-652-9000.

Inquiries should be directed to: ACCESS PRESS 1821 University Ave. W. Silite 185N St. Paul, Minnesota 55104 (612) 644-2133 Fax (612) 644-2136


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SECURITY jury to one is an injury to all." These are social sentiments, . . based on values of solidarity - . and fairness, upon which the ' I . . Social Security system is built. . " :. That's why it is called Social -."&- - Security. I

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Contrastthosesentiments with individual (private) senti*.ments, based on values of self. ,-interest andcompetition, upon ''-..;' which the privatized system . - : would be built. You will often .. --. hear privatizers talk about . .- *. workers "gettingtheirmoney 's :... worth". If you get more back qs. - . - than you put in, you "win". If ". . you don't, you "lose". Ask '--!-yourself this: what is the C. monetary value of paying into . -:. a common fund so that people .. .. - , whom youmay never meet are . .'- : guaranteed a dignified and in. dependent retirement? For that .. matter, are you getting your -. money's worth if you retire at . a "good time and get a high , -'return on your investment,and 'your neighbor down the street retires at a "bad" time and has .. . ,- to live in poverty? Individu:,-. .. ally, you "win". But, socially, you lose. THE CASE OF CHILE. You will often hear about the -Concept Number 3: Defined "bighly successful (and popu- Benefit versus Defined Con- lar)" privatization of the ChilThis is a bit more ean Social security system in . - - tribution. esoteric, but it boils down to the 1980s. Here are some ,this: Under a defined benefit things you probably won't -;

. - .. 1










part is the part you put into the market (the contribution). That's mandatory. The benefits, on the other hand, are not "defined" (guaranteed) and will depend on all sorts of things, many of which are out of your control. And if they turn out to be less than enough to live on, then, well ... they don't talk about this too much.

teed public pensions now denied the rest ofthepopulation, At least 43% of Chileans with private pension accounts don't contribute to them regularly, and projections are that 60-70% of the working population will save too little to provide even a minimum, poverty-level pension for themselves.

Problemswith Privatization Many arguments are being put forward and examples given by proponents to show what a good idea the privatization of Social Security would be. Many of them sound good at first, or the negative side is glossed over or minimized, so some research is required to get the full story. Your author has done some research, and here is a brief summary of a few of the major issues and -snme -...- .rarelv-mentinned --.-.,...-..-- -.- -- hut - -crucial facts :

INFLATIONPROTECTION: Through a fairly sophisticated system of indexing, Social Security assures that your monthly benefits will have about the same purchasing power nt t h ~~n cnf i vnlir l i f ~ nc

FINANCING THE TRANSITION. Right now, Social Security is a "pay-as-you-go" system. That is, the taxes that workers pay this year go to pay benefits to this year's recipients. (Just like the money you earn this year goes to pay this year's rent or mortgage payments.) PSAs would be financed in advance: everybody puts money into their account now and takes it out when they

they did when you first began receivingthem. (That'spartof the "defined benefit" system that was discussed earlier - the benefit is defined in terms of replacing wages at a set rate.) This is fairly unique to Federal pension programs. How importantis this? If you live long enough, you will probably use up whatever personal savings you had accumulated,but your expenses won't go down. In fact, as you get older your expenses will probably go up, especially medical and other serviceexpenses. Private pension benefits rarely-are indexed for inflation, and PSAs would not be protected,either. There is thus no assurance that your purchasing power will remain adequate over your lifetime(if it ever was adequate).


11oth~nniversaryCelebration Help Yourself, Inc. will celebrate its 10th Anniversary on Saturday, August 16th, 1 1 - 4, at Boom Island (800 Sibley St. NE, Mpls). Everyone is invited. They will be having a

pot luck picnic, so bring your favorite food. Pop and brats will be provided. Jonathan Paddleford p oat Excursion, 2:00- 3:30, adults: $7.50Children $4.50. ( Metro Mobility

rides and boat ticket will be reimbursed if requested.) Please RSVP Cookie Silva (6 12) 379- 1869or SaraMeyer (612) 497-2800.

l~ationalNight Out O n Monday, August 4, the 2ndAnnualNationalNightOut 2:00 kickoff parade begins $I noon, on NicolletMall& 1lth St. in Mpls. August 5th events include 800 block parties.

People are asked to leave their out door lights on from dusk to dawn, as a friendly beacon of community solidarity and safety. National Night Out is a nationwide celebration of

neighborhood crime prevention efforts thatreinforcecobmunity bonds while reducing fear and opportunity for crime. Plan your block party now! For info, call 673-3015.

Call For State Fair Volunteers

Access For Pride is seeking 700 - 800 volunteers to serve STOCK MARKET AS as "Etiquette Volunteers" to MONEY MACHINE. The assistpersons withdisabilities privatizers always talk about how profitable the stock market is and, usually, they speak of a minimum return on inCourage Center seeks nomivestment, and how market renations for Judd Jacobsqn turns have been positive 'in Award. The purpose of this every 20-year or 30-year peaward is toencourage and supriod since the 1920s. There's port individuals with disabiliaproblem here, though, and it has to do with a phenomeno6 ties who have shown signifiknown to ecorromists as a fi- cant achievement in an entrenancial "bubble". - Whai this meansis that when stocks ar

at festivals, events, and the tion or event needs "Etiquette Minnesota State Fair. For Volunieers" contact: Peter more information about vol- KeIley 489-4472. unteering or if your organiza-

Award Nominations Sought prenekial endeavor. For more Rights for an e;ening celebrainformation, call (6 12) 520- tion, Wed., August 20,1997. 02100rTTY (612)520-0245. You are invited to nominate individuals or organizations Please join the Minneapolis for their commitment to civil Department of Civil Rights rights. Deadline: Wed., July andtheCommissiononCivil 23, 1997. 'See adv on page 2.

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retire. Whileweareswitching from one to the other, we'll somehow haveto pay benefits to current retirees while putting money in our own PSA accounts for our own retirement. (We are talking many trillions ofdollars here.) What to do? The privatization faction in the official Advisory Council on Social Security proposes that the government borrow some of the money (thereby adding trillions to the federal debt that they claim to abhor) and, for the rest, to increase pay roll taxes to roughly the same level as would be required to balance the system as it is currently structured. (I'm almost embarrassed to report that these people refer to this tax as the "Liberty Tax".) They point out it is acceptable because it is "temporary". They mean we would only need it for 72 years, by which time almost all current. workers would be retired (or dead) and thus will have paid the tax fortheirentire working lives.

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Access Press

'$0 &any powerful p e b p ~ e sociation of Manufacturers, m p e n d i n g so much money to and any investment bank or push for privatizing Social mutual fundmanagertorepreSecurity? Last month I com- sent this group. -merited that the privatizers to fall into three main The right-wing likes the business- since they tend to support people,right-wingideologues, "rugged individualismwand and anti-government libertar- believe the stock market is the -. - .'ians. Each of them has their ultimate in efficiency and own reasons for wantingapri- progress. Here we find Pete Peterson, Sam Beard, and vate system. . groups like the HeritageFounConservative businesspeople dation, The American Enter-- . ... want the price of their prise Insiitute, the Cascade . , Gompany's stock to go up, an Policy Institute,anddolensof outcome all but guaranteed by others. the huge influx ofcash into the market that privatii.ation Libertarians just plain don't would bring. And the busi- like the government and want


Then w i b t t a p ywarning, he Dear Alone, ful, \;hen listening to the dk-. D m N i ~ o l ? ! ' just iroppedrnlyins to my . bate, to know the philosophithe past l7 mail a d ~ c ~ f d l ? i & . lne t ~ YOurfriendsb wdng. It 'is cal foundation upon which 1 f O U r p d ; r p d ~completely .n;anual that you been datingaguy online. I felt on the: someone's argument rests. . .. . dg)lt & j , would feel depmssed and upwe were very close, although mlinQ'&&~,@er; Finally,the people who want Inevtmnethim~~in"@er&m.-Wa ...:jy~~f&:&~~[& r s l& a f t e r a,..~ t i o n S * l h i s . I mm~~(sd(sd&~y:f.j&~~ . & h e ~ . & w I pM on. ;jh&~mfP&@d ,who privitization include busi: . . dAs,!a,::..nas9* on &e i n e t wauM agree nesses and individuals who $$&&&o, bff. lkaaw th&t tJ,&.dafiy,,&jp have lots of money to spend, ,jj&& pti~& ljif1'gj -like A-1 j&k becorm veryintenseandcomand that means they can fund happy with himandthbugHt he washappy'withme. Fhen-n ~ b & & 1 @ : h ~ d ~ ~ . mitPed. TI&@'~an $ou:,were huge well-publicized research projects, pump money into . I sent him a phbto whkhex- & a s n o & ~ t ~ ~ a ; d9a t- ~~g w~a~s ~& ~ael~imdi~s sible in the way he chose to posed my severe disability he man. conservative foundations, get end your relationship. You lotsofexposurefortheirviews, was kind and accepting (I've 'and generally set the terms of had other guys wrilemeoRUle since thishappened,I'vebecn have e v w right to feel the the debate. That is, unless minute they get my pliotd!). in ade'the past 2 weeks. I way you do. those people who want tomain- mrou~outthe17months he tain a system Of Social insuranceget themselves organized, and do so fairly quickly. We




. AT U S WEST we recognize the Living with a disability can be frustrating at times. But the biggest lifestyle. We try to make the world . challenge is trylng to get other people to realize how much you ccm do and the people you love more instead of focusing on what ,you:cun't. +accessible by providing the best .,

You have developed a unique and

believe everything should be within


Access I

Insensitivity During Flood

Reliuion'& Disabilitv

Lack Of Communication Hurts Deaf Community

Disability .Awareness? by Audrey Benson

by Peggy Camp & Judy Morgan



fax machine in their home the time being I will stay at helps them communicate with NDSD. They welcomed me with open arms! Idon't know friends and family. where else I'd have wanted to I could have stayed with go. At NDSD, Autumn, a 17 year old student found herself dis- my brother inMinneapolis but placed. When asked what con- I wanted to be as close to home cerned her most about the as I could." flood, Autumn replied, "It's all so devastating! The loss of Somethingelse troubles Holte. homes, businesses and then the Even though she believes her fires too! I am concerned there second floor apartmentwill be was no telephone number for okay, she wonders what the Deaf people to call and leave toll free numbers are and how Peggy Camp, now a resident messages since &is happened. to get good, accurate informaof Minnesota's Twin Cities, Hearing people had a tele- tion about relief assistance and grew up in Devils Lake. One phone number to use! I love to paying bills. "There is an inof nine Deaf children, she, her watch the TV news but there terpreted press conference tosiblings, and parents attended has been no captioning since day at 5 PM. I am hoping to NDSD. According to Camp, this happened and no inter- learn more then," quips Holte. "I have been disappointed with preters. Newspapers haven't the news reports. There has said anything about Deaf ~ennife;and her brother, Bill, been nothing about Deaf people. There is no media helped sandbag their parent's people. I grew up with some attention given to the Deaf home very late the night beof these people!" A question community. The focus is on fore the evacuation. The basement was full of waxer and that needs to be asked and an- the hearing world." within one inch from the first swered is: "How is it ~ossible

hile the flood waters recede, there is an opportunity to share the equally compelling stories from an under reported community ... the Deaf community. The Grand ForksIDevils Lake area is home for'nearly 95 Deaf citizens. This number includes approximately 50 students at the North Dakota School for the Deaf (NDSD) in Devils Lake.

or many years I have been actively doing "disability awareness" in the Church. Several events have taken place in the past six months that have caused me to think about and reconsider the importance of these activities. I have begun to wonder if my activities are useful or really make a difference. First, I attended a new church (for me) on Easter Sunday. I was immediate1y impressed. The sanctuary is arranged so that the altar is in the midst of the congregationand members of the congregation have the privilege sf worshiping in an inclusive circle. Equally important to me is that there are no special places for people with disabilities. Rather, the sanctuary offers adequate space throughout where persons using wheelchairs or other mobility equipment can choose to sit with family, friends and the congregation.

ness occurred when changes to "enhance" the accessibility aspects of our sanctuary were made without any involvement or knowledge of those most affected. I "stumbled" on these changes one Sun. When I protested, I received an "OOPS, you were suppose to be told."

not with, thoseconsidered"less fortunate." There is often a real welthem mentality in the Church andnomatter how hard we try, persons with disabilities will always be the "them: who are less fortunate rather than the "we", therefore, we must be planned and cared for.

Why were persons with disabilities left out of the loop in making these changes? Only the person or persons responsible for making these changes can know forsure. Those of us who live with disabilities have experienced being left out of the loop on many occasions can make some pretty good guesses. First, people just do not think. Secondly, family members who have qr have had a disabled member may feel they are very capable of making decisions for and about all other disabled people. They may even feel they know best. Lastly, many people in congregations are

I do not know the answers to the disability awareness dilemma I find myself in these days. I do know that all of us, those who are disabled and those who are not, must continually examine ourselves. Be aware of our own perception of the "other" and the choices we make based on that perception. We must take responsibility for our choices, and allow others to take responsibility for their choices. We must remember we are the Church, we each have an obligation and the privilege to honor ourselves, and each other as sojourners in God's

the "hearing" world benefits were announcingany evacua-


&e Writ unheard by some of

Personal Care Assistants Home Health Aides Homemakers .

ful to be simply insensitive.

congregation should examine

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telephone) at area shelters. permns. .Only-&y can take responsibility for their intrusiveness and insensitivity. I decided that perhaps, we who are so heavily invested in doingdisability awareness in our Churches are doing a disser-

The other recent event caus-


"I have been frustrated trying to find our what is happening. Live reports on TV here are not captioned! We wanted to watch President Clinton, but there were no interpreters or captioning. Even before the flood,oftenashrunkenscreen or amap would cover the captions," says Esther Frelich. Thankfully*the floodevacuations did not affect them directly, though they worry about theirDeaf friends-ATTYand

Ho]te received some of her information from friends in Minneapolis, for example, ,hen t b GrandForks Mayor addressing the citizens . ' m e Grand Forks newspaper and national news provided some details but I had to 'ti1 the next day when the news was one day old," says Holte. She then added, "1 realize I will not be able to return to my apartment anytime soon so for

my things. I am more worried about my brother. His first floorapartmentdowntownwas burned in the fire. He lost everything. At first I could not reach him or get information about his well being!" saysI Michelle. Her dad's business was also heavily damaged.

Whenaskedifsheisstillfiightened, Michelle replies, "dur-

F l o ~ d- cont. on p. 6







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ing the day I'm okay ...it's mostly at night when I have time to think about everything, then I am scared." Michelle suspects her dad may move.their home to a different location in Grand Forks. These are a few of the stories from the Deaf community in the flood _ravaged area of Grand Forks, ND. Hopefully these stories will inspire and motivate local, state, and national service providers and officials to fethlnk the meaning of "accessible infonnation." Hopefully these stories will prompt the Deaf citizens to work closely with these offic~alsin ensuring a successful plan and implementation. Preventatlveplanning is the

The answer is simple. Provision of interpreters, public F s , flashing sirens, electronic announcementboards, andlivecaptioningmust be added to future emergency preparedness procedures. These procedures need to address all emergency sites whether that be Red Cross, shelters, Presidential, VIP visits, and other city functions.





Conduct, train & supervise volunteers to do phonelin inidentity of minors. terviews of persons seeking LEGAL SECRETARY services. some follow-up Peggy (Frelich) Camp works as an Adult work on cases. Enter infonnaEducation Specialist and Judy Morgan works G~~~plant offers a stable, tion into case management a s a DevelopmentAssociateforDeafnessEdu- professional and cation andAdvocacy Foun4tion ( D .E.A.F . ) a place to work. We currently system & plaintain client filing system. Occasi6nal coornonprofit organization in St. Paul, Minnesota. have for legal dination of mediation for clisecretaries working in litiga- ents & other duties as needed. Note: The Minnesota Deaf Sumtionienvironmental*corporate~ Good communication skills, mit is working closely with the and franchise. 2-5+ yrs of relate to low-income,disabled. North Dakota Association of the Deaf ( N D A D ) to raise funds to lega1 secretarial experience* & persons of color. General communication computerknowledge(WP6.0 support the flood victims. The

* Some of the names are fictitiousto protect the

Available 24 hours per day Specializing in the care of Children' Adults*Elderly We Provide Care Assistants*H0me Health * Homemakers * Live-intaregivers * Nursing

Our Rehabilitative Services include: Physical/ Occupational/Speech/Respiratory Therapies PCA Prov~derOrganization M AIWa~verJMedrcare Certified

Minnesota Deaf Summit is a group comprised of senior members of various Deaf organizations in the metro area, whose purpose is to bridge relationships, share information, and develop teamwork and unity among the Deaf communit^ at largeFormore information about the Minnesota Deaf Summit or D.E.A.F., please contact Michael Zeledon at ( 6 1 2 ) 297-6704 TTY, Fax ( 6 1 2 ) 2 9 7 - 6 7 6 6 , o r Email mfieledon

good organizational a+), some typing. SpanishfluabilitiesrequiredandattentiOn ency a+. Sal: DOE, fully pd a must. Micros0ft family hlth ins, vacation,sick. Word experience helpful. If Start when filled. Cover letter You are looking for a dynamic & resume asap: chris Lord, and challenging place to Le@ Aid Saiety ofMinnee work. send resume withcover ap,,lis, 2929 4th A,,~. s., # 1etterto:Am: H R A s s h G r a ~ 201,~ ~MN 55408. l ~EOE Plant Mooty; 3400 City Center; 33 S. 6th St., Mpls, MN CARPENTRY FRAMERS 55402 or fax to: 333-0066. WANTED Equal Opportunity and Union Job Yr experience required AffinnatlveActionEmp]oyer. EOE 939-4100

Premier provider of rehab services for people with physical disabilities has a variety of employmentopportunities. PROFESSIONAL NURSING CLERICAL For information on current openings, please call our JOB LINE number 520-0518. COURAGE CENTER 3915 Golden Valley Rd., Golden Valley, MN 55422. EOE. We seekdiversity.

LEGAL SECRETARIES Legal Aid Society of Minneapolis seeks 2 Secs. (1 fulltime and 1 80%). w S . 1 exp ,req. 6.0+, 65 wpm; Spanish a +. Sal: DOE, fully pd family hlth ins, vacationlsick. Start: Until filled. Cover letter & resume ASAP: Lisa Cohen, LASM, 430 1st Ave. N., # 300, Mpls, MN 55401-1780. AAIEOE.

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