2016 National Academy of Inventors Activities Report

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Over the past several decades, university missions have expanded from teaching and research to include economic development and translating university-based research into real products that benefit society. It is time these accomplishments were recognized for the value they bring to the university and to the world.� — Paul R. Sanberg, Ph.D., D.Sc., FNAI President, National Academy of Inventors Senior Vice President for Research, Innovation & Economic Development University of South Florida



Photo: NicoElNino


Letter from the President


History of the NAI


NAI Membership


NAI Sustaining Member Institutions Articles


Local Chapters of the NAI


Fellows Program


Annual Conference


Congressional Charter Legislation


Leading the Conversation


2016-2017 NAI Board of Directors


Fellows of the NAI


NAI Member Institutions

FROM THE PRESIDENT Dear Friends: Reflecting back on the inception of the National Academy of Inventors (NAI) over six years ago, I am in awe of how far we have come. Today, with over 200 institutional members and nearly 600 Fellows from around the world, the Academy is strong and growing. Our members are the foundation upon which we continue to build on our mission of honoring academic invention. Universities across the nation and world are unleashing their intellectual firepower and producing groundbreaking research and technologies that are changing the world. Here at the NAI, we are pleased to be a voice for changing the culture in academia to one that celebrates the innovators who are generating discoveries that stimulate the economy and benefit society. Alongside fellow advocates for innovation, we are making remarkable progress in highlighting the impactful work in patents, licensing and commercialization being conducted at our universities. On behalf of the NAI Board of Directors, I am pleased to share this report on the many programs the Academy spearheads in support of academic innovators. We have made tremendous strides as we expand into new initiatives and grow our membership. The visibility of the NAI continues to increase, reaching a wide audience of individuals who are passionate about bringing a stronger emphasis on the important role technology transfer plays in university research and innovation. Over the last year the Academy has experienced a 21% increase in institutional membership, significant growth in local institutional chapters of the NAI, and has inducted its fourth class of distinguished Fellows. We have strengthened partnerships with like-minded organizations, explored participation in public policy issues, and connected through another successful annual conference. I am truly proud of the Academy’s many accomplishments and would like to thank you for your continued support. It is an honor to lead this exciting organization and I look forward to a very bright future. Sincerely,

Paul R. Sanberg, Ph.D., D.Sc., FNAI President

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History of the NAI About the National Academy of Inventors The National Academy of Inventors® (NAI) is a 501(c)(3) non-profit member organization comprising U.S. and international universities, and governmental and nonprofit research institutes, with over 3,000 individual inventor members and Fellows spanning more than 200 institutions, and growing rapidly. The NAI publishes the multidisciplinary journal Technology and Innovation. Individual membership with the NAI is available exclusively through local member institution chapters. To join your member institution’s chapter, you must be a member of their academic community. Membership may include faculty, staff, alumni, and affiliates who have a patent issued from the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). Member instituions are invited to establish a local chapter of the NAI to recognize and encourage their community of innovators. Mission and Goals of the NAI The NAI was founded in 2010 to recognize and encourage inventors with patents issued from the USPTO, enhance the visibility of academic technology and innovation, encourage the disclosure of intellectual property, educate and mentor innovative students, and translate the inventions of its members to benefit society.

NAI Member Institutions Growth






















History of the NAI – From Idea to Action In early 2009, Dr. Paul R. Sanberg, senior vice president for research, innovation & economic development at the University of South Florida (USF), pondered how many of his colleagues within his university community were inventors. Sanberg, a renowned neuroscientist, entrepreneur and senior leader among his peers, held a luncheon and invited all USF faculty and staff who held an issued U.S. patent to attend. Over 100 innovators from across multiple disciplines showed up for the event. He soon realized a significant need existed to highlight the importance of recognizing academic invention and the important role patents play in university research and innovation. Soon after, the USF Academy of Inventors was established to recognize inventors on campus for their accomplishments in patents, licensing and commercialization. As Sanberg shared this concept with his counterparts at leading research universities around the country, it quickly became apparent there was a national need to change the culture within academia to honor those investigators who patent their discoveries and stimulate the economy by bringing their products to the marketplace. This realization marked the inception of the National Academy of Inventors®. Today, the NAI, comprising more than 3,000 individual members globally, is a beacon for academic inventors everywhere to continue their pursuit of the next great discovery. The Academy continues to share the mission of honoring academic invention as it grows in membership and pursues new, innovative initiatives. NAI Activities Report 2016 | 3

As the NAI rapidly gained national attention, a partnership flourished with the United States Department of Commerce. On February 16, 2012, the Academy was inaugurated by David Kappos, former Under Secretary of Commerce and previous director of the USPTO, as part of the Inaugural Annual Conference, which was held February 16 and 17, 2012, in Tampa, Florida. It was there that a discussion was held to identify and consider how to meet the need for a higher level award for leading academic inventors to be honored and recognized for their contributions to society. Following suggestions at the annual meeting, the NAI Fellows Program was established to highlight academic inventors who have demonstrated a prolific spirit of innovation in creating or facilitating outstanding inventions that have made a tangible impact on quality of life, economic development and the welfare of society. Since then, the USPTO has been a valuable friend and partner of the NAI and its mission. This collaboration was formalized with the signing of a Memorandum of Agreement at the NAI’s fifth annual meeting in 2016. The agreement outlines the opportunity for the USPTO and the NAI to work closely on mutually beneficial projects to enrich educational outreach, honors and awards, and programs relating to intellectual property. The agreement includes a commitment from the NAI to host its annual meeting and Fellows Induction Ceremony every other year at USPTO headquarters in Alexandria, Virginia. Visit www.AcademyofInventors.org to learn more.

“The NAI is a breakthrough for our country. It couldn’t be more timely to have an organization like this to be championing innovation.” –David Kappos, Former Under Secretary of Commerce for Intellectual Property and Director of the USPTO

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NAI Membership Institutional Membership Institutional members of the NAI encompass U.S. and International universities and non-profit and governmental research institutes of all sizes, both public and private. These members see value in aligning with the mission of the NAI and find membership to increase the visibility of their individual innovative initiatives. NAI Institutional Membership is offered in three categories: n Sustaining Member Institution is the highest level of institutional membership. This membership is available to a limited number of institutions to receive exclusive benefits which further highlight their research and innovation while providing vital support for the NAI to expand into a new era of growth in programs, visibility and membership. An unlimited number of individual and honorary inventor members are included with this membership category. (See pages 6-19 for highlights of faculty from current NAI Sustaining Member Institutions.) n Member Institution is the most prevalent level of institutional membership. This membership offers visibility of research and innovation and the opportunity to recognize and honor inventors on campus. (To see a full list of NAI Member Institutions, please see pages 39-40.) n International Affiliate Member Institution is the most prevalent level of international institutional membership and offers visibility of research and innovation and the opportunity to recognize and honor inventors on campus. (To see a full list of International Affiliate Member Institutions, please see page 41.)

At the closing of fiscal year 2016, NAI Member Institutions represent 46 states and 13 countries

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New York University: USING SYNTHETIC CHEMISTRY TO SLOW THE GROWTH OF CANCER CELLS ANDREW D. HAMILTON, Ph.D., FNAI, became the 16th President of New York University (NYU) on January 1, 2016. Prior to coming to NYU, he was vice chancellor of the University of Oxford since 2009 and before that, he served as the provost of Yale University, where he was also the Benjamin Silliman Professor of Chemistry and professor of molecular biophysics and biochemistry since 1997. He is the recipient of the Arthur C. Cope Scholar Award from the American Chemical Society. He was elected a fellow of the Royal Society in 2004 and is an elected member of American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He was the 2011 winner of the International Izatt-Christiansen Award for Macrocyclic Chemistry and became a Fellow of the National Academy of Inventors in 2014. Hamilton’s research lies at the intersection of organic and biological chemistry and focuses on the use of synthetic design for the understanding, mimicry, and disruption of biological processes, particularly in the context of novel cancer therapies. The ability of tumors to grow beyond a few mm3 in volume depends on the formation of new blood vessels around them. This growth process is triggered by several growth factors that are secreted by the tumor. These growth factors not only bind their receptors onto cells and initiate the formation of new blood vessels, but also bind receptors onto cells that maintain vessel integrity. Among the most studied growth factors are the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), with VEGF playing a key role in the formation of new blood vessels and PDGF being involved in their maintenance. The most effective cancer therapies are those that simultaneously target and suppress the functions of both growth factors, VEGF and PDGF, thereby inhibiting the formation of blood vessels and starving the

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tumors. Hamilton and his co-workers designed and developed a family of compounds that bind VEGF and/or PDGF and inhibit the binding of these growth factors to their respective cell surface receptors. The synthetic compound referred to as GFB204, which his group studied extensively, was found to be a potent and selective inhibitor of both VEGF and PDGF-stimulation. About New York University Founded in 1831, NYU is one of the world’s foremost research universities and is a member of the selective Association of American Universities. NYU has degree-granting university campuses in New York, Abu Dhabi, and Shanghai; has eleven other global academic sites, including London, Paris, Florence, Tel Aviv, Buenos Aires, and Accra; and both send more students to study abroad and educates more international students than any other U.S. college or university. Through its numerous schools and colleges, NYU is a leader in conducting research and providing education in the arts and sciences, law, medicine, business, dentistry, education, engineering, nursing, the cinematic and performing arts, music and studio arts, public administration, social work, and professional studies, among other areas. For more information, visit www.nyu.edu.

Photo: Eraxion

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MINDY BRASHEARS, Ph.D., is professor of food safety and public health in the Texas Tech University Department of Animal and Food Science and director of the International Center for Food Industry Excellence (ICFIE). With a focus on improving public health, Brashears is an international leader in research methods to reduce pathogens in meat and poultry, including the validation of efficacy of antimicrobial agents on bovine carcasses that have resulted in new methods for microwave disinfection and sterilization, and food preservation. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimate that 48 million cases and more than 3,000 deaths occur in the U.S. annually due to food-borne illness. In Mexico, food-borne illness is the leading cause of death in children under age 5. The holder of seven U.S. patents, Brashears is co-founder of one company and has had other products licensed that are in use commercially, all focused on reducing foodborne illnesses. Brashears is the lead scientist and a member of the board of directors for MicroZap. The company is based on a pasteurization unit that employs microwave disinfection and sterilization techniques to reduce a microorganism population in a food source. The process is nearing commercialization for use in a tortilla factory and expects licensing to several dozen companies next year. Brashears also was chief scientist in the development of Bovamine Defend, a direct-fed microbial for cattle, which reduces pathogens before harvest. This is the only pre-harvest food safety intervention for cattle that is commercially available in the 8 | 2016 NAI Activities Report

U.S. More than 80 percent of U.S. feedlot cattle are fed the product. Brashears also was lead developer of Safe Wax, an antimicrobial paraffin hand dip which inhibits the growth of microorganisms. It has been licensed for commercialization. She also was chief scientist in the development of LactiGuard, a lactobacillus-based commercially available product for reduction of pathogens in meat and poultry products. Data were used to gain a recent FDA approval and product will soon be commercially available. Through the ICFIE, Brashears and her team are now working in Mexico, Honduras and the Bahamas to improve public health education and food safety in food animal production and processing. In Honduras, the country’s president recently allocated $20 million to build new feedlots and slaughter plants based on her team’s work. The ICFIE’s Sustaining Our World through Education and Research (SOWER) scholars program brings interns and graduate students from these developing countries to Texas Tech to learn the skills needed to help their countries. The students are then expected to return home to apply the knowledge they have gained at Texas Tech to develop and strengthen food resources and improve public food safety education. Brashears has earned numerous awards for her work including the 2016 American Meat Science Association Distinguished Research Award. The author of more than 100 publications, Brashears earned her bachelor’s degree from Texas Tech and her master’s and doctoral degrees from Oklahoma State University.

About Texas Tech University Texas Tech University is a growing, diverse university located in Lubbock, Texas. The university achieved the top Carnegie classification of Highest Research Activity and has been designated a national research university by the state of Texas. Texas Tech is focused on transforming education and scholarship through innovation. The university received the Innovation and Economic Prosperity University designation from the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities in 2014. The university offers our almost 36,000 students 150 undergraduate, 100 master’s and 50 doctoral degrees through 10 colleges, a School of Law and a Graduate School. For more information, visit www.ttu.edu.

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J. STUART NELSON’S, M.D., Ph.D., accomplishments as a scientist, clinician and innovator have served to drive new advances in both basic research and clinical medicine. Basic and applied research in engineering and the physical sciences is what clearly distinguishes his program. Interdisciplinary in nature, Nelson’s research attracts expertise from the fields of optics, electrical and mechanical engineering and medicine. Through his combined efforts in basic science and engineering, Nelson invented and pioneered the development of “dynamic cooling,” a technique that delivers a precise cryogen spray with each pulse of laser energy to optimize the treatment of skin disorders. Prior to the advent of dynamic cooling, all technical innovation in clinical laser surgery focused on the optimization of laser dosimetry and delivery mechanisms; dynamic cooling was a paradigm-shifting development that simultaneously revolutionized academic research and re-invigorated a stagnant medical laser industry. Partnered through a unique commercial relationship with the Syneron/Candela Corporation, the Dynamic Cooling Device invented by Nelson has now been integrated into more than 25,000 lasers worldwide that have been used to improve the lives of countless patients, primarily infants and young children, who suffer from disfiguring port wine stain birthmarks and other vascular malformations. Moreover, using the techniques that Dr. Nelson pioneered at UCI, dynamic cooling has become the enabling technology for the laser treatment of a wide variety of skin diseases worldwide. The patent that he and his co-inventors hold at UCI has consistently been ranked each year since 2000 as the 3rd or 4th most successful Intellectual Property source in the entire University of California system, generating a total of more than $5 million in licensing revenue. Nelson is professor of surgery and biomedical engineering at the University of California, Irvine, and serves as medical director of the Beckman Laser Institute & Medical Clinic. He also directs the Vascular Birthmarks and Malformations Diagnostic and Treatment Center at the UC Irvine Medical Center. He earned his bachelor’s degree and M.D. at the University of Southern California and his Ph.D. in cellular biology at the University of California, Irvine.

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About the Beckman Laser Institute & Medical Clinic at UC Irvine The Beckman Laser Institute & Medical Clinic was founded in 1986 as a multidisciplinary translational research center facilitating photonic innovations from the blackboard through the bench top to the bedside. BLI researchers converge from medicine, engineering, life sciences, physical sciences, mathematics, and other disciplines to create photonic-based medical devices

and advanced surgical techniques. BLI is among the first research institutes at the University of California, Irvine, and a 30,000 student campus with the only major medical center in Orange County and the only National Cancer Institutedesignated center of excellence in the region. For more information, visit www.uci.edu.

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University of Central Florida: CONVERTING UNIVERSITY SCIENCE INTO REAL-WORLD TECHNOLOGY LEONID B. GLEBOV, Ph.D., FNAI, received his Ph.D. in physics from State Optical Institute, Leningrad, Russia (1976), where he remained affiliated until 1995. Since 1995 Glebov has served at The College of Optics & Photonics (CREOL) at the University of Central Florida as a research professor. He has published a book, more than 390 papers in scientific journals and holds 11 U.S. patents. Glebov is a fellow of the American Ceramic Society, Optical Society of America, International Society for Optics and Photonics (SPIE), and National Academy of Inventors. He is a recipient of SPIE Dennis Gabor award in holography. Glebov is a founder and vice president for research and development of OptiGrate Corporation. A Russian scientist seized a ripe opportunity in the U.S. market and the result is a successful company that services more than 400 customers on six continents with its unique volume Bragg gratings (VBGs). Glebov made use of UCF’s Business Incubation Program to start his company, OptiGrate, Corp., in 1999 to commercialize the gratings he had worked on in the Soviet Union in the 1980s and improved to high efficiency with colleagues at CREOL in late 1990s. OptiGrate produces a full range of VBGs that boost laser performance and advance spectroscopy for optoelectronic, medical, semiconductor and other industries. Glebov received his doctoral degree at the State Optical Institute in St. Petersburg (then Leningrad), where he remained for 25 years and came to specialize in photosensitive glass. When his family immigrated to the United States 21 years ago, he did a brief stint at the Ford Motor Company before joining CREOL as a research professor. He realized right away the niche his company would come to fill: “No person in Florida could make photosensitive optical glass and holographic elements to be used in optical systems,” he said. In 2001, OptiGrate, owned by Leonid, his wife Larissa, and his colleague Vadim Smirnov, secured the first commercial order for gratings for laser diode wavelength stabilization. Today, its commercial business is the company’s primary income source, while government R&D support provides crucial funds for further tech development. In 2008, Alexei Glebov, Leonid’s son, joined the company. Arriving from Silicon Valley, he brought extensive experience of the photonics industry. At this point, the goal was to transform the company to volume manufacturing standards and bring VBGs to international markets. OptiGrate’s VBGs improve the performance of lasers and reduce the complexity and cost of analytical instruments and ultrafast lasers. Simply put, Bragg gratings allow lasers to work on precise frequencies and better achieve such tasks as explosive detection, high-power laser pumping, materials processing, etc. Practical applications include pharmaceuticals, nanotechnology, defense and many others.

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About the University of Central Florida America’s Partnership University: The University of Central Florida, the nation’s second-largest university with more than 63,000 students, has grown in size, quality, diversity and reputation in its first 50 years. Today, the university offers more than 200 degree programs at its main campus in Orlando and more than a dozen other locations. UCF is an economic engine attracting and supporting industries vital to the region’s future while providing students with real-world experiences that help them succeed after graduation. For more information, visit www.ucf.edu.

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University of Florida: CATS AND HUMANS BENEFIT FROM THE STUDIES OF IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUSES JANET K. YAMAMOTO, Ph.D., FNAI, University of Florida Immunologist, is a hero among cat lovers. She co-discovered the deadly feline immunodeficiency virus, or FIV, and helped develop the first FIV vaccine. She has gone on to discover many similarities between FIV and the human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, that causes AIDS. Those similarities could yield advances in efforts to develop an HIV vaccine. Yamamoto found her work on FIV often intersected with research on HIV. There are points in the structures of both viruses, in fact, where the two are so similar that research into one virus may help in research into the other. “We are working on a new generation of feline vaccines that actually are made with HIV proteins,” says Yamamoto, a scientist in UF’s College of Veterinary Medicine. “We’ve found that HIV proteins are closely related to FIV proteins and are useful in developing an FIV vaccine, so that leads us to ask whether FIV proteins can help humans.”

“We have identified, so far, three regions of FIV that are similar to HIV-1, and these FIV regions could be tested with immune cells from people who have HIV,” Yamamoto says. “If these regions are recognized by the immune cells from people with HIV, it would suggest that those regions may be useful as components for HIV vaccines for non-infected humans.” Yamamoto’s vaccine work is funded primarily by the National Institutes of Health, but she holds more than two dozen U.S. and foreign patents and donates all of her personal patent royalty and licensing income to her research. “Seeing animals and people live longer, that’s why we do this work,” says Yamamoto, who personally repays some of her laboratory cats by providing a home for them. “I enjoy seeing my concept and products help. It’s applied research. I believe the cats can benefit not only cats, but people, too.”

Researchers have found five distinct subtypes of FIV, each with its own protective properties that can be combined in numerous ways to bring out the most protective combination while suppressing the harmful effects. Cats cannot be infected with HIV, so Yamamoto is now researching ways to use the protective elements of HIV in a feline vaccine. Since the reverse is also true – humans can’t get FIV – she is looking for FIV strands that trigger an immune response in humans without promoting the disease.

Yamamoto believes that tests with people who already have HIV would show whether a vaccine developed from FIV could be useful as therapy and perhaps eventually useful in a human vaccine. 14 | 2016 NAI Activities Report

Photo: Jupiterimages

“It was important to find out that HIV proteins are so closely related to FIV proteins,” Yamamoto says. “Hopefully, I can contribute to the human vaccine with my model.”

About University of Florida The University of Florida, established in 1853, is a public, land-grant research university and one of the most comprehensive and academically diverse universities in the nation. U.S. News & World Report ranks UF 14th among public universities. Rankings such as 4th among AAU publics and 3rd in Kiplinger’s “Best Values in Public Colleges” are a result of UF’s commitment to provide the highest quality education at the best value. UF is home to 16 colleges and more than 200 research, service and education centers, bureaus and institutes, and boasts more than 4,000 faculty members, 50,000 students and 367,000 alumni. In 2016, faculty scholars generated $724 million in research awards. The Florida Legislature in 2013 designated UF as the state’s “preeminent” university and allocated $15 million annually to UF for five years to support the university’s goal of joining the nation’s top five public research universities. For more information, visit www.uf.edu.

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University of Nebraska–Lincoln: DEVELOPING NEW HERBICIDE-TOLERANT CROPS DONALD P. WEEKS, Ph.D., FNAI, is the Maxcy

Professor of Agriculture and Natural Resources and emeritus in biochemistry. Weeks has led pioneering plant biochemistry and biotechnology research to develop herbicide-resistant crops that tolerate spraying with dicamba, a common broadleaf herbicide. This technology offers farmers worldwide a powerful tool for controlling yield-robbing and sometimes tough-tocontrol weeds, including several that are resistant to the widely used herbicide glyphosate. The journey from lab to field began with Weeks’ team identifying a soil microbe that breaks down dicamba. The team isolated the gene that inactivates dicamba and inserted a genetically engineered version of the gene into a plant’s genome to instill dicamba tolerance. Weeks’ discovery led to an exclusive licensing and research agreement with Monsanto. The company is incorporating Weeks’ technology into a new generation of crop varieties that tolerate both dicamba and glyphosate. Combining dicamba and glyphosate tolerance into high-performing crop varieties promises to improve productivity and significantly reduce the chances of herbicide resistance developing. In 2016, dicamba-tolerant soybean varieties became commercially available in the U.S. and Canada and were expected to be planted on an initial 3 million acres. Dicamba-tolerant cotton was predicted to be planted on 2 million acres in 2016, its second year of commercialization. The company also is developing other dicamba-tolerant crops, and this technology is expected to have far-reaching applications. More recently, Weeks collaborated with colleagues at Iowa State University to explore the crop improvement potential of new gene editing technologies that allow researchers to knock out or modify any gene in a living organism. For example, he and an Iowa State colleague demonstrated the first practical application of the transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALEN) technology by knocking out the gene that causes susceptibility to bacterial blight - a major disease of rice in Asia. A simple genetic cross then eliminates the gene they used. The result is a blight-free plant with the advantages of genetic modification that does not actually contain foreign DNA, possibly avoiding the 16 | 2016 NAI Activities Report

social, political and regulatory concerns associated with transgenic technology. Weeks also has championed the use of algae as a model system to study basic plant processes, and his discoveries have expanded understanding of photosynthesis. His algal research also has implications for the biofuels industry. Using the single-celled algae Chlamydomonas reinhardtii as a model, he identified two key components of the carbon dioxide-concentrating mechanism that is essential for photosynthesis-driven growth. A collaboration with Iowa State University colleagues later led to the discovery of the first two CO2/bicarbonate transporters. Weeks holds 10 U.S. patents and 22 foreign patents, with others pending. He joined UNL in 1989 as director of the Center for Biotechnology. He later served as head of the Department of Biochemistry. He also served on national boards and committees focused on agricultural biotechnology and biofuels, including as chair of the Council of Biotechnology Centers of the Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO). About University of Nebraska-Lincoln The University of Nebraska–Lincoln, chartered in 1869, is an educational institution of international stature. UNL is listed by the Carnegie Foundation within the “Research Universities (very high research activity)” category. UNL is a land-grant university and a member of the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities (APLU). The university is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools. The University of Nebraska was founded on February 15, 1869. For more information, visit www.unl.edu.

Photo: Comstock images

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Distinguished University Professor and director of the Clean Energy Research Center at the University of South Florida. He has more than 35 years of experience in teaching, research, entrepreneurship and policy in the broad areas of energy and renewable energy. Within the field of renewable energy he has published 16 books. Goswami has served as president of the International Solar Energy Society, a governor and senior VP of ASME-International, and president of the International Association for Solar Energy Education. As a leader in professional societies, he has also made significant contributions to solar energy policy around the world, most notably, in the states of Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh, India, which resulted in their new energy policy with a goal of generating 20,000 MW of solar power within 10 years. His research interests include, a novel thermodynamic cycle for combined power and cooling; antenna solar energy to electricity conversion; hybrid-solar liquid and solid desiccant air conditioning; solar photocatalytic disinfection of indoor air; thermochemical hydrogen production; biomass hydrogen production; PEM fuel cells. Goswami is a prolific inventor and innovator, holding 18 patents in solar energy technologies including photocatalytic water and air disinfection, thermal energy storage, energy harvesting and hydrogen energy storage. Pending patents include designs of efficient integrated solar power plants, thermal energy storage, and chromic windows. His photocatalytic air cleaning research uses photo-electrochemical (PEC) technology which eliminates and neutralizes indoor air pollutants such as bacteria, viruses, mold, VOCs and allergens, at a speed dramatically faster than commercial air filter systems. Goswami also holds patents in the area of nano-scale antennas and rectifiers, representing a revolutionary development in energy harvesting and solar energy conversion. These devices will be able to convert even ambient radiation during non-sunshine hours into usable electrical power. Another area of his inventions is energy storage using encapsulated phase change materials which holds great promise for producing energy at a low cost, often seen as a key barrier to the wide exploitation of energy storage. 18 | 2016 NAI Activities Report

Another of Goswami’s patents is in the area of hydrogen energy storage, where he is working on developing a means for cost-effective hydrogen storage, which has the potential to be a game changer. By using solar energy during the daytime to produce hydrogen and store it for later use in fuel cells batteries, the technology could be implemented for transportation in an internal combustion engine or a fuel cell. A recent Goswami invention is a practical method for CO2 sequestration, which is extremely important for clean coal power production. Goswami is highly regarded around the world for his expertise in solar energy and thermodynamic cycles. A special thermodynamic cycle that can be used more efficiently at lower temperatures for the simultaneous production of electric power and cooling is called the Goswami Cycle. Goswami’s many accomplishments have been recognized with NAI Fellowship and as a 2016 inductee of the Florida Inventors Hall of Fame.

About University of South Florida The University of South Florida is a high-impact, global research university dedicated to student success. USF is a Top 50 research university among both public and private institutions nationwide in total research expenditures, according to the National Science Foundation. Serving nearly 50,000 students, the USF System has an annual budget of $1.6 billion and an annual economic impact of $4.4 billion. USF is a member of the American Athletic Conference. For more information, visit www.usf.edu.

Photos: Amy Blodgett | USF

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Local Chapters of the NAI All institutional members are invited to organize local NAI chapters that assist in establishing a platform to recognize and honor investigators who translate their research findings into inventions that may benefit society. A chapter also serves as a tool to celebrate leaders who foster and nurture innovation at institutions and within local communities. Over 30 chapters have been launched among NAI Member institutions, ranging in size from five to more than 300 members. No one chapter is the same and members are encouraged to build their chapter in a way that best supports their innovative initiatives.

Ethan Yeh, grade 8, winner of 2016 USF Young Innovator Competition, for his invention of the K-Cup hydroponic garden

The University of Akron Chapter of the NAI

• Over 1,500 individual members have been inducted by local NAI chapters as of September 2016 • Members of local chapters collectively hold almost 10,000 issued U.S. patents The Jefferson University Chapter of the NAI presented members with trophies

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The Sanberg Family Inventors Commons was established to honor the members of the USF Chapter. Each Chapter Member has a brick denoting his or her name.

“Launching an NAI Chapter was a great thing for WPI and generated a lot of enthusiasm among our faculty. In addition to inducting members into

Stony Brook University Co-Branded NAI Chapter Logo

the WPI Chapter of the NAI, we developed two awards to recognize faculty. The first highlights faculty who have received a license for their technology and the second, the highest level chapter award, is a Hall of Fame award for those who have successfully taken their patents to the marketplace. We look forward to the morale this tier system will build year after year to encourage our faculty to not only pursue patents, but also translate their patents into products, companies and jobs.�

Todd S. Keiller, Director, Intellectual Property & Innovation Worcester Polytechnic Institute

One of the many benefits of NAI institutional membership is assistance from NAI staff with the launch of your local chapter or an annual event. NAI staff will provide useful templates and examples to make planning your event seamless.

For information on launching a chapter at your institution, contact: Lauren Maradei Program Manager +1-813-974-0820 lmaradei@academyofinventors.org

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Fellows Program Election to NAI Fellow status is the highest professional distinction accorded solely to academic inventors who have demonstrated a prolific spirit of innovation in creating or facilitating outstanding inventions that have made a tangible impact on quality of life, economic development, and the welfare of society. Nominees must be a named inventor on patent(s) issued by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) and must be affiliated with a university, non-profit research institute, or other academic entity. With the induction of the 2015 class, there are now more than 80 presidents and senior leaders of research universities and non-profit research institutes, 313 members of the three branches of the National Academies, 27 inductees of the National Inventors Hall of Fame, 36 recipients of the U.S. National Medal of Technology and Innovation and U.S. National Medal of Science, 27 Nobel Laureates, 14 Lemelson-MIT prize recipients, 170 AAAS Fellows, and 98 IEEE Fellows, among many other awards and distinctions.

NAI Fellows represent nearly NAI Fellows have generated more than



2OO UNIVERSITIES and non-profit research institutes worldwide

OVER $100 BILLION in revenue generated by the inventions of Fellows


as a result of NAI Fellow Inventions



Involvement of more than



Collectively the 582 Fellows hold more than



Statistics derived from self-reported data by 582 current NAI Fellows, as of April 2016.

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National Security


Energy Other




NAI Fellows Benefits


Opportunity to serve on national committees of the NAI and partner organizations


Priority to publish in Technology and Innovation


Discounted registration to NAI annual meeting, symposia and events


Public policy involvement through service as innovation experts and work with federal agencies


Opportunity for peer review services for grants


Recognition on NAI website, press releases, news stories, social media and print materials


Exclusive use of the NAI Fellows logo and seal

n Commemoration on an exclusive plaque on permanent display in the Office of Innovation Development at the USPTO headquarters


NAI Fellows have been recorded in the Congressional Record Percentages were calculated with respect to each Fellow’s impact through research in multiple applications.

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Fellows Medal In 2014, Fellows of the NAI were called upon to design an exclusive medal to be awarded alongside the trophy and rosette pin at the time of induction. A group of Fellows formed a committee and collaborated to design a medal which depicts the prestige and honor associated with NAI Fellowship. The medal features the NAI logo and represents the idea that “Innovation Moves the World.�

U.S. Commissioner for Patents, Andrew H. Hirshfeld with NAI Fellows plaque which is on permanent display at the USPTO headquarters in Alexandria, Va.

Full list of Fellows can be found on pages 34-38 For information regarding the NAI Fellows Program, contact: Michelle Sticht Member Relations Coordinator +1-813-974-3738 msticht@academyofinventors.org 24 | 2016 NAI Activities Report

Featured NAI Partnerships The NAI is proud to work with organizations who support the importance of recognizing academic innovation.

For more information or if you are interested in partnering with the NAI, please contact NAI Program Director Keara Leach at +1-813-974-5862 or kleach@academyofinventors.org

NAI Activities Report 2016 | 25

NAI Annual Conference The NAI Conference, held each spring, features stimulating presentations and networking with more than 300 renowned inventors and leadership from over 150 prestigious research institutions across the U.S. and around the world. The meeting serves as an arena where academic innovation and entrepreneurship, leading to significant local, national and global impact is recognized, honored and cultivated. The 2017 meeting focus is Recognizing Pillars of Academic Innovation. During the three days of events issues related to public policy and industry partnerships, highlighting NAI Fellows and entrepreneurial faculty, and best practices in mentoring the next generation of academic innovators will be discussed.

Program Snapshot The agenda is selected by the program committee and features presentations and panels by more than 35 distinguished scientists and innovators. Past keynote addresses have included:

• Steven Chu, Former U.S. Secretary of Energy, Nobel Laureate and NAI Fellow

• Andrew H. Hirshfeld, U.S. Commissioner for Patents, Department of Commerce

• Cristin A. Dorgelo, Chief of Staff, White House Office of Science and Technology Policy

• Victor J. Dzau, President, National Academy of Medicine and NAI Fellow

“It was an honor to be inducted as a Fellow of the NAI last year and I am pleased to see the significant NAM representation among this new distinguished class of Fellows,” said NAM president Dr. Victor J. Dzau, who provided a keynote address during the NAI Fifth Annual Conference entitled “Bench to Bedside to Population: A Journey of Innovation.”

26 | 2016 NAI Activities Report

2012 & 2013 Tampa, FL

2014 Washington, D.C.

2015 Pasadena, CA


2016 Washington, D.C.

Boston, MA

Conference locations are selected based on interest and proximity to NAI Member Institutions. In agreement with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, the annual meeting will be held every other year in Washington, D.C.

Attendee Profile More than 300 academic inventors and leaders from 150+ worldwide universities and organizations including: • • • • •

Senior leadership from universities and non-profit research institutes Interdisciplinary researchers and stakeholders worldwide Directors of technology commercialization offices Deans, faculty and students who are actively engaging with innovative initiatives Many more including: colleagues from the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, The Lemelson Foundation, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Association of University Technology Managers, the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities, the National Inventors Hall of Fame, among others

NAI Signature Event, March 2015, at the Cafifornia Science Center. Keynote address was provided by former NASA astronaut, Garrett Reisman.

For conference information or available sponsorship opportunities, please contact: Autumn Pandolfo Special Projects Coordinator, +1-813-974-6414 apandolfo@academyofinventors.org

NAI Activities Report 2016 | 27

114th CONGRESS 1st Session

H. R. 849

To grant a Federal charter to the National Academy of Inventors.

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES February 10, 2015 Mr. Ross (for himself, Mr. Bilirakis, Ms. Frankel of Florida, Ms. Esty, Mr. Lipinski, and Ms. Castor of Florida) introduced the following bill; which was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary

A BILL To grant a Federal charter to the National Academy of Inventors. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. GRANT OF FEDERAL CHARTER TO THE NATIONAL ACADEMY OF INVENTORS. (a) Grant Of Charter.—Part B of subtitle II of title 36, United States Code, is amended by inserting after chapter 1503 the following new chapter: “CHAPTER 1504—NATIONAL ACADEMY OF INVENTORS “§ 150401. Findings

“Congress finds the following:

“(1) The majority of our Nation’s basic research is done at our colleges and universities.

“(2) The National Academy of Inventors recognizes and encourages inventors who have a patent issued from the United States Patent and Trademark Office. “(3) The National Academy of Inventors enhances the visibility of university and non-profit research institute technology and academic innovation.

“(4) The National Academy of Inventors encourages the disclosure of intellectual property.

“(5) The National Academy of Inventors educates and mentors innovative students.

“(6) The systematic application of organized knowledge and information can generate technology and produce creative solutions to existing problems. “(7) Innovation, based on new inventions and technologies, has proven to be a key factor in the industrial and economic development of the world. “(8) The National Academy of Inventors serves a valuable role in the translation of science and technology within the university and non-profit research institute community, and for the benefit of society. “(9) Congress supports the mission of the National Academy of Inventors to encourage the translation of the inventions of its members to benefit society.

To learn more, visit www.academyofinventors.org/legislation

28 | 2016 NAI Activities Report

H.R. 849 to Grant a Federal Charter to the NAI What is a federally chartered organization? Federally chartered organizations were designed to promote a public purpose by leveraging nonfederal partnerships and individuals. This honorific designation symbolizes a federal recognition of the significant national interests stemming from the mission, goals and objectives of the organization. Why should the NAI be granted a federal charter? Currently, universities perform more than half of our nation’s basic research and more than 60% of that research is federally funded. It is in our national best interest for that research to be translated for the betterment of society into innovative products, processes, cures and treatments. Federally recognizing the importance of the NAI will bolster the innovations, technologies, and new businesses spurred as research develops at universities and nonprofit research institutes, elevating their already dynamic role in our national economic development and our global competitiveness. Additionally, if granted a federal charter, the NAI is ready and well equipped with subject matter experts to provide advice to the federal government on innovation, intellectual property, translational research and commercialization. What is the cost of this bill? There is no cost associated with granting a federal charter to the National Academy of Inventors. Are similar organizations distinguished as federally chartered organizations? Yes. The National Academy of Sciences, whose charter was signed into law by President Abraham Lincoln in 1863, remains actively involved in advising the federal government on matters of science, engineering and medicine. Does Congress still designate organizations as federally chartered organizations? Yes, however Congress has drastically limited the frequency with which it enacts charter legislation. Although no formal rule was adopted at the start of this Congress to ban charter legislation, it is the preference of the House Judiciary Committee to not move charter legislation. With enough Members of Congress co-sponsoring, it could be possible to bring the bill out of Committee and directly to the House. If the NAI is granted a Federal Charter, what oversight role will the federal government have in the future? The National Academy of Inventors would be required to submit a report to Congress on the activities of the preceding fiscal year, but the federal government would not take regulatory or oversight roles.

Photo: zonger1

The bill is bipartisan and has co-sponsors from many U.S. states.

For federal charter information, please contact: Keara Leach Program Director +1-813-974-5862 kleach@academyofinventors.org

NAI Activities Report 2016 | 29

Leading Leading the the Conversation Conversation A Voice for Changing the Culture Since its founding, the NAI has played a vital role in changing the culture of valuing patents and commercialization within its member institutions across the country. When six university leaders took the stage at the 2013 Annual Conference of the NAI, they began a national conversation on changing the academic culture to recognize faculty patents and commercialization activity toward merit and promotion. The question posed to that initial panel—“Would Thomas Edison Receive Tenure?”—asked them to ponder Edison’s chances of receiving tenure at an academic institution. The answer was two-fold, with the panel offering a resounding “yes” for his present-day chances while noting that in his day it would have been a “no.” Thus began the important conversation about changing the culture. The paper resulting from the panel, "Changing the academic culture: Valuing patents and commercialization toward tenure and career advancement," was published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) (pictured right). Today, this important initiative continues to gain national attention. Several organizations and university leaders are recommending and reporting on best practices for university intellectual property management, including such groups as the Association for Public and Land-grant Universities (APLU) Task Force on Tenure, Promotion, and Technology Transfer and the Association of American Universities (AAU) Working Group on Technology Transfer and Intellectual Property. A paper on the APLU Task Force’s work was published in the NAI journal, Technology and Innovation.

Top 100 Worldwide Universities Granted U.S. Patents Rankings The NAI and Intellectual Property Owners Association (IPO) have published the Top 100 Worldwide Universities Granted U.S. Utility Patents rankings annually since 2013 to highlight the important role patents play in university research and innovation. The rankings are compiled by calculating the number of utility patents granted in a given calendar year by the USPTO which list a university as the first assignee on the printed patent.

30 | 2016 NAI Activities Report

Pictured left to right: Mory Gharib, California Institute of Technology; Eric Kaler, University of Minnesota; Richard Marchase, The University of Alabama at Birmingham; Patrick Harker, University of Delaware; and Timothy Sands, VirginiaTech

NAI Activities Report 2016 | 31


Journal of the National Academy of Inventors

Technology and Innovation (T&I) presents information encompassing the entire field of applied sciences, with a special focus on transformative technology and academic innovation. Regular features of T&I include commentaries contributed by the United States Patent and Trademark Office and in-depth profiles of Fellows of the National Academy of Inventors . ®

Editors-in-Chief: Paul R. Sanberg University of South Florida Eric R. Fossum Dartmouth College

ISSN 1949-8241 • E-ISSN 1949-825X

Volume 18, Numbers 2-3

Outcomes and Advances in Assistive Technologies for Rehabilitation

Senior Editors: Howard J. Federoff University of California, Irvine Nasser Arshadi University of Missouri, Saint Louis

4 issues per year ISSN 1949-8241 • ESSN 1949-825X For questions or to submit a manuscript contact T&I at +1-813-974-1347 or tijournal@academyofinventors.org

Transtibial Economic Evaluations


Review of Amputee Gait Training


Residual Limb Ulcer Management for Leg Amputees


www.technologyandinnovation.org 32 | 2016 NAI Activities Report

2016-2017 NAI Board of Directors & Officers Kurt H. Becker, Ph.D., New York University Karen J.L. Burg, Ph.D., University of Georgia Arthur Daemmrich, Ph.D., Smithsonian’s Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation Elizabeth L. Dougherty, J.D., United States Patent and Trademark Office Robert V. Duncan, Ph.D., Texas Tech University Howard J. Federoff, M.D., Ph.D., University of California, Irvine Eric R. Fossum, Ph.D., Dartmouth College Arlene A. Garrison, Ph.D., Oak Ridge Associated Universities Sethuraman Panchanathan, Ph.D., Arizona State University Paul R. Sanberg, Ph.D., D.Sc., University of South Florida Sudeep Sarkar, Ph.D., University of South Florida

Representation of members from the 2015-16 & 2016-17 Board of Directors at annual retreat in July, 2016.

NAI Activities Report 2016 | 33

Fellows of the NAI as of April 2016 Patrick Aebischer, École Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne C. Mauli Agrawal, The University of Texas at San Antonio Dharma P. Agrawal, University of Cincinnati Rakesh Agrawal, Purdue University Ilhan A. Aksay, Princeton University Dean P. Alderucci, The University of Chicago Nancy L. Allbritton, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Jan P. Allebach, Purdue University Jayakrishna Ambati, University of Virginia Dimitris Anastassiou, Columbia University Iver E. Anderson, Iowa State University Kristi S. Anseth, University of Colorado Boulder Allen W. Apblett, Oklahoma State University Daniel W. Armstrong, The University of Texas at Arlington Frances H. Arnold, California Institute of Technology Charles J. Arntzen, Arizona State University David E. Aspnes, North Carolina State University Anthony Atala, Wake Forest University Kyriacos A. Athanasiou, University of California, Davis Harry A. Atwater, Jr., California Institute of Technology Nadine N. Aubry, Northeastern University Lorne A. Babiuk, University of Alberta John M. Ballato, Clemson University David Baltimore, California Institute of Technology Amit Bandyopadhyay, Washington State University John S. Baras, University of Maryland Michael Bass, University of Central Florida Issa Batarseh, University of Central Florida Benton F. Baugh, University of Houston Ray H. Baughman, The University of Texas at Dallas David J. Bayless, Ohio University Joseph J. Beaman, Jr., The University of Texas at Austin Kurt H. Becker, New York University Khosrow Behbehani, The University of Texas at Arlington Angela M. Belcher, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Stephen J. Benkovic, The Pennsylvania State University Raymond J. Bergeron, University of Florida Carolyn R. Bertozzi, Stanford University Shekhar Bhansali, Florida International University Sangeeta N. Bhatia, Massachusetts Institute of Technology James A. Birchler, University of Missouri-Columbia J. Douglas Birdwell, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville Kenneth J. Blank, Rowan University Donald R. Bobbitt, University of Arkansas Dale L. Boger, The Scripps Research Institute Jeffrey T. Borenstein, The Charles Stark Draper Laboratory Rathindra N. Bose, University of Houston* Gerardine G. Botte, Ohio University H. Kim Bottomly, Wellesley College Charles A. Bouman, Purdue University John E. Bowers, University of California, Santa Barbara Gary L. Bowlin, University of Memphis Scott A. Brandt, University of California, Santa Cruz Steven P. Briggs, University of California, San Diego

David E. Briles, The University of Alabama at Birmingham C. Jeffrey Brinker, The University of New Mexico Emery N. Brown, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Milton L. Brown, Georgetown University Richard B. Brown, The University of Utah Robert A. Brown, Boston University Robert H. Brown, Jr., University of Massachusetts Medical School Steven R.J. Brueck, The University of New Mexico Richard D. Bucholz, Saint Louis University Karen J.L. Burg, University of Georgia Mark A. Burns, University of Michigan Robert L. Byer, Stanford University Robert H. Byrne, University of South Florida A. Robert Calderbank, Duke University Sir Roy Calne, University of Cambridge Joe C. Campbell, University of Virginia Anne K. Camper, Montana State University Lisa A. Cannon-Albright, The University of Utah Charles R. Cantor, Boston University Curtis R. Carlson, SRI International Dennis A. Carson, University of California, San Diego Emily A. Carter, Princeton University Alexander N. Cartwright, The State University of New York Carolyn L. Cason, The University of Texas at Arlington David M. Center, Boston University Vinton G. Cerf, National Science Foundation Selim A. Chacour, University of South Florida Mau-Chung Frank Chang, National Chiao Tung University H. Jonathan Chao, New York University Ching-Shih Chen, The Ohio State University Nai Yuen Chen, The University of Texas at Arlington Stephen Z. D. Cheng, The University of Akron Shu Chien, University of California, San Diego Ashutosh Chilkoti, Duke University Mary-Dell Chilton, Washington University in St. Louis Arul M. Chinnaiyan, University of Michigan Stephen Y. Chou, Princeton University Diana S. Chow, University of Houston Christos Christodoulatos, Stevens Institute of Technology Benjamin Chu, Stony Brook University Chung K. Chu, University of Georgia Paul C.W. Chu, University of Houston Steven Chu, Stanford University Yoginder P. Chugh, Southern Illinois University Aaron J. Ciechanover, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology William J. Clancey, Institute for Human and Machine Cognition Graeme M. Clark, The University of Melbourne James J. Coleman, The University of Texas at Dallas J. Edward Colgate, Northwestern University Barry S. Coller, The Rockefeller University James J. Collins, Boston University James G. Conley, Northwestern University R. Graham Cooks, Purdue University Leon N. Cooper, Brown University

*Indicates Deceased

34 | 2016 NAI Activities Report

Rory A. Cooper, University of Pittsburgh Katrina Cornish, The Ohio State University Delos M. Cosgrove III, Cleveland Clinic Joseph T. Coyle, Harvard University Harold G. Craighead, Cornell University Charles S. Craik, University of California, San Francisco Alan W. Cramb, Illinois Institute of Technology Benjamin F. Cravatt III, The Scripps Research Institute Carlo M. Croce, The Ohio State University Alfred J. Crosby, University of Massachusetts Amherst William W. Cruikshank, Boston University Brian T. Cunningham, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Jerome J. Cuomo, North Carolina State University Roy Curtiss III, University of Florida James E. Dahlberg, University of Wisconsin-Madison Narendra Dahotre, University of North Texas William S. Dalton, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute Marcos Dantus, Michigan State University P. Daniel Dapkus, University of Southern California Rathindra DasGupta, National Science Foundation John G. Daugman, University of Cambridge Huw M.L. Davies, Emory University Mark R.D. Davies, University of Limerick Mark E. Davis, California Institute of Technology Roger J. Davis, University of Massachusetts Medical School Mark E. Dean, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville Robert C. Dean, Jr., Dartmouth College Paul L. DeAngelis, The University of Oklahoma Sandra J.F. Degen, University of Cincinnati William F. DeGrado, University of California, San Francisco Peter J. Delfyett, University of Central Florida Hector F. DeLuca, University of Wisconsin-Madison Lawrence J. DeLucas, The University of Alabama at Birmingham Steven P. DenBaars, University of California, Santa Barbara Donn M. Dennis, University of Florida Joseph M. DeSimone, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Atam P. Dhawan, New Jersey Institute of Technology Richard D. DiMarchi, Indiana University Spiros S. Dimolitsas, Georgetown University Duane B. Dimos, The University of Texas at Arlington Michael A. Dirr, University of Georgia Richard A. Dixon, University of North Texas John P. Donoghue, Brown University Jonathan S. Dordick, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Jennifer A. Doudna, University of California, Berkeley Michael P. Doyle, University of Georgia Anatoly Dritschilo, Georgetown University James A. Dumesic, University of Wisconsin-Madison Robert V. Duncan, Texas Tech University Russell D. Dupuis, Georgia Institute of Technology Victor J. Dzau, Duke University James H. Eberwine, University of Pennsylvania David M. Eddy, University of South Florida Elazer R. Edelman, Massachusetts Institute of Technology J. Gary Eden, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign David A. Edwards, Harvard University T. Taylor Eighmy, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville John G. Elias, University of Delaware Jennifer H. Elisseeff, Johns Hopkins University

Ronald L. Elsenbaumer, The University of Texas at Arlington Todd S. Emrick, University of Massachusetts Amherst Akira Endo, Tokyo University of Agriculture & Technology Nader Engheta, University of Pennsylvania David A. Evans, Harvard University Sir Martin J. Evans, Cardiff University Antonio F. Facchetti, Northwestern University Liang-Shih Fan, The Ohio State University Nariman Farvardin, Stevens Institute of Technology Rudolf Faust, University of Massachusetts Lowell Howard J. Federoff, University of California, Irvine Gregg B. Fields, Florida Atlantic University Robert E. Fischell, University of Maryland Christodoulos A. Floudas, Texas A&M University* Thomas J. Fogarty, Fogarty Institute of Innovation Henry C. Foley, University of Missouri Kenneth M. Ford, Institute for Human & Machine Cognition Gabor Forgacs, University of Missouri Stephen R. Forrest, University of Michigan Eric R. Fossum, Dartmouth College Michael W. Fountain, University of South Florida Scott E. Fraser, University of Southern California Jean M.J. FrÊchet, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology Richard H. Frenkiel, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey Ophir Frieder, Georgetown University Ingrid Fritsch, University of Arkansas Cynthia M. Furse, The University of Utah Fred H. Gage, Salk Institute for Biological Studies Robert C. Gallo, University of Maryland Sanjiv S. Gambhir, Stanford University Shubhra Gangopadhyay, University of Missouri Elsa M. Garmire, Dartmouth College Sir Andre K. Geim, The University of Manchester Samuel H. Gellman, University of Wisconsin-Madison Alan N. Gent, The University of Akron* George Georgiou, The University of Texas at Austin Tillman U. Gerngross, Dartmouth College Morteza Gharib, California Institute of Technology Ivar Giaever, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Barbara A. Gilchrest, Boston University Richard D. Gitlin, University of South Florida Leonid B. Glebov, University of Central Florida George W. Gokel, University of Missouri-St. Louis John C. Gore, Vanderbilt University D. Yogi Goswami, University of South Florida Venu Govindaraju, University at Buffalo, SUNY Amit Goyal, University of Buffalo, SUNY Mark W. Grinstaff, Boston University Clifford M. Gross, University of South Florida Robert H. Grubbs, California Institute of Technology Ali Hajimiri, California Institute of Technology Naomi J. Halas, Rice University Andrew D. Hamilton, New York University Bruce D. Hammock, University of California, Davis Greg Hampikian, Boise State University Justin Hanes, Johns Hopkins University Wayne W. Hanna, University of Georgia Theodor W. Hänsch, Max-Planck-Institut fur Quantenoptik Barbara C. Hansen, University of South Florida

*Indicates Deceased

NAI Activities Report 2016 | 35

Sherry L. Harbin, Purdue University Patrick T. Harker, University of Delaware Frank W. Harris, The University of Akron Jeffrey H. Harwell, The University of Oklahoma Florence P. Haseltine, National Institutes of Health Charlotte A.E. Hauser, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology Craig J. Hawker, University of California, Santa Barbara M. Frederick Hawthorne, University of Missouri Barton F. Haynes, Duke University Vikki Hazelwood, Stevens Institute of Technology Richard F. Heck, University of Delaware* Jason C. Heikenfeld, University of Cincinnati Martin E. Hellman, Stanford University Maurice P. Herlihy, Brown University John C. Herr, University of Virginia David R. Hillyard, The University of Utah Andrew B. Holmes, The University of Melbourne Nick Holonyak, Jr., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Rush D. Holt, American Association for the Advancement of Science Leroy E. Hood, Institute for Systems Biology H. Robert Horvitz, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Richard A. Houghten, Torrey Pines Institute for Molecular Studies Benjamin S. Hsiao, Stony Brook University Stephen D.H. Hsu, Michigan State University Chenming C. Hu, University of California, Berkeley Jeffrey A. Hubbell, The University of Chicago Leon D. Iasemidis, Louisiana Tech University Suzanne T. Ildstad, University of Louisville Mir Imran, University of Pittsburgh Donald E. Ingber, Harvard University Lonnie O. Ingram, University of Florida M. Saif Islam, University of California, Davis Tatsuo Itoh, University of California, Los Angeles Robert D. Ivarie, University of Georgia S. Sitharama Iyengar, Florida International University Ernest B. Izevbigie, Jackson State University Stephen C. Jacobsen, The University of Utah* Allan J. Jacobson, University of Houston Chennupati Jagadish, The Australian National University Anil K. Jain, Michigan State University Kristina M. Johnson, University of Colorado Boulder Trevor O. Jones, Case Western Reserve University Richard Jove, Nova Southeastern University Biing-Hwang Juang, Georgia Institute of Technology Michael E. Jung, University of California, Los Angeles Eric W. Kaler, University of Minnesota Joseph S. Kalinowski, East Carolina University Aaron V. Kaplan, Dartmouth College Vistasp M. Karbhari, The University of Texas at Arlington Usha N. Kasid, Georgetown University Linda P.B. Katehi, University of California, Davis Kattesh V. Katti, University of Missouri-Columbia Jay D. Keasling, University of California, Berkeley Joseph P. Kennedy, The University of Akron Sakhrat Khizroev, Florida International University Behrokh Khoshnevis, University of Southern California Marcia J. Kieliszewski, Ohio University Sung Wan Kim, The University of Utah Kenneth W. Kinzler, Johns Hopkins University

Brian K. Kobilka, Stanford University Joachim B. Kohn, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey George V. Kondraske, The University of Texas at Arlington John J. Kopchick, Ohio University George P. Korfiatis, Stevens Institute of Technology Roger D. Kornberg, Stanford University Michael N. Kozicki, Arizona State University Steven J. Kubisen, The George Washington University Michael R. Ladisch, Purdue University Max G. Lagally, University of Wisconsin-Madison Donald W. Landry, Columbia University Robert S. Langer, Massachusetts Institute of Technology David C. Larbalestier, Florida State University Brian A. Larkins, University of Nebraska-Lincoln Juan C. Lasheras, University of California, San Diego Cato T. Laurencin, University of Connecticut Victor B. Lawrence, Stevens Institute of Technology Se-Jin Lee, Johns Hopkins University Sunggyu Lee, Ohio University Virginia M.-Y. Lee, University of Pennsylvania Wen-Hwa Lee, China Medical University Robert J. Lefkowitz, Duke University Jean-Marie P. Lehn, University of Strasbourg Kam W. Leong, Columbia University G. Douglas Letson, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute Frank L. Lewis, The University of Texas at Arlington Jennifer A. Lewis, Harvard University Chiang J. Li, Harvard University Guifang Li, University of Central Florida Ping Liang, University of California, Riverside James C. Liao, Academia Sinica Charles M. Lieber, Harvard University Stephen B. Liggett, University of South Florida Shinn-Zong Lin, China Medical University James Linder, University of Nebraska-Lincoln Stuart M. Lindsay, Arizona State University Robert J. Linhardt, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Dennis C. Liotta, Emory University Thomas A. Lipo, Florida State University Barbara H. Liskov, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Alan F. List, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute Dmitri Litvinov, University of Houston R. Bowen Loftin, University of Missouri John S. Lollar III, Emory University Michael R. Lovell, Marquette University Philip S. Low, Purdue University Anthony M. Lowman, Rowan University Dan Luss, University of Houston Yuri M. Lvov, Louisiana Tech University Asad M. Madni, University of California, Los Angeles Marc J. Madou, University of California, Irvine Robert Magnusson, The University of Texas at Arlington Richard J. Mammone, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey Richard B. Marchase, The University of Alabama at Birmingham Rodney S. Markin, University of Nebraska Medical Center Tobin J. Marks, Northwestern University Michael A. Marletta, University of California, Berkeley Dean F. Martin, University of South Florida Richard A. Mathies, University of California, Berkeley

*Indicates Deceased

36 | 2016 NAI Activities Report

Edith Mathiowitz, Brown University Krzysztof Matyjaszewski, Carnegie Mellon University Constantinos Mavroidis, Northeastern University* Helen S. Mayberg, Emory University Richard D. McCullough, Harvard University Edith G. McGeer, The University of British Columbia Patrick L. McGeer, The University of British Columbia Stephen W.S. McKeever, Oklahoma State University Carver A. Mead, California Institute of Technology Craig C. Mello, University of Massachusetts Medical School Wen Jin Meng, Louisiana State University Xiang-Jin Meng, Virginia Tech Thomas O. Mensah, Florida State University Robert M. Metcalfe, The University of Texas at Austin Meyya Meyyappan, NASA Ames Research Center Gary K. Michelson, Michelson Medical Research Foundation Antonios G. Mikos, Rice University Duane D. Miller, The University of Tennessee Health Science Center Jan D. Miller, The University of Utah Richard K. Miller, Olin College of Engineering Robert H. Miller, The George Washington University Thomas E. Milner, The University of Texas at Austin Chad A. Mirkin, Northwestern University Sergey B. Mirov, The University of Alabama at Birmingham Umesh K. Mishra, University of California, Santa Barbara Somenath Mitra, New Jersey Institute of Technology Samir Mitragotri, University of California, Santa Barbara Shanta M. Modak, Columbia University Shyam Mohapatra, University of South Florida Andreas F. Molisch, University of Southern California Jeffrey R. Morgan, Brown University Marsha A. Moses, Harvard University Brij M. Moudgil, University of Florida JosĂŠ M.F. Moura, Carnegie Mellon University Theodore D. Moustakas, Boston University Ferid Murad, The George Washington University Shuji Nakamura, University of California, Santa Barbara Jagdish Narayan, North Carolina State University Ramani Narayan, Michigan State University Hameed Naseem, University of Arkansas Shree K. Nayar, Columbia University Alan C. Nelson, Arizona State University George R. Newkome, The University of Akron Kyriacos C. Nicolaou, Rice University C. L. Max Nikias, University of Southern California Laura E. Niklason, Yale University Douglas F. Nixon, The George Washington University David P. Norton, University of Florida David R. Nygren, The University of Texas at Arlington Babatunde A. Ogunnaike, University of Delaware Iwao Ojima, Stony Brook University Santa J. Ono, The University of British Columbia Richard M. Osgood, Jr., Columbia University Julio C. Palmaz, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio Sethuraman Panchanathan, Arizona State University Alyssa Panitch, University of California, Davis Thomas N. Parks, The University of Utah C. Kumar N. Patel, University of California, Los Angeles Prem S. Paul, University of Nebraska-Lincoln*

P. Hunter Peckham, Case Western Reserve University Nicholas A. Peppas, The University of Texas at Austin H. Anne Pereira, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center David W. Pershing, The University of Utah Michael A. Peshkin, Northwestern University G.P. Peterson, Georgia Institute of Technology Gholam A. Peyman, Tulane University William M. Pierce, Jr., University of Louisville John M. Poate, Colorado School of Mines Victor L. Poirier, University of South Florida Leonard Polizzotto, Draper Laboratory H. Vincent Poor, Princeton University Huntington Potter, University of Colorado Denver | Anschutz Mark R. Prausnitz, Georgia Institute of Technology Glenn D. Prestwich, The University of Utah Darwin J. Prockop, Texas A&M University Ann Progulske-Fox, University of Florida Suzie H. Pun, University of Washington Stephen R. Quake, Stanford University Kaushik Rajashekara, University of Houston Alain T. Rappaport, Institute for Human and Machine Cognition Jahangir S. Rastegar, Stony Brook University A. Hari Reddi, University of California, Davis Dabbala R. Reddy, Carnegie Mellon University E. Albert Reece, University of Maryland Kenneth L. Reifsnider, The University of Texas at Arlington Renee A. Reijo Pera, Montana State University Zhifeng Ren, University of Houston Darrell H. Reneker, The University of Akron Daniel E. Resasco, The University of Oklahoma Rebecca R. Richards-Kortum, Rice University Yasuko Rikihisa, The Ohio State University Jasper D. Rine, University of California, Berkeley John A. Rogers, Northwestern University Ajeet Rohatgi, Georgia Institute of Technology Pradeep K. Rohatgi, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Bärbel M. Rohrer, Medical University of South Carolina Bernard Roizman, The University of Chicago Arye Rosen, Rowan University Erkki Ruoslahti, Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute B. Don Russell, Jr., Texas A&M University Stephen D. Russell, Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command Michael J. Sailor, University of California, San Diego Joseph C. Salamone, University of Massachusetts Lowell W. Mark Saltzman, Yale University Bahgat G. Sammakia, Binghamton University Paul R. Sanberg, University of South Florida Timothy D. Sands, Virginia Tech Ram Sasisekharan, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Yoshiaki Sato, Kaatsu International University W. Gregory Sawyer, University of Florida Martin Schadt, Nanjing University Andrew V. Schally, University of Miami Axel Scherer, California Institute of Technology Paul R. Schimmel, The Scripps Research Institute Joseph M. Schimmels, Marquette University Raymond F. Schinazi, Emory University C. Richard Schlegel, Georgetown University Vern L. Schramm, Albert Einstein College of Medicine

*Indicates Deceased

NAI Activities Report 2016 | 37

Peter G. Schultz, The Scripps Research Institute Marlan O. Scully, Texas A&M University Sudipta Seal, University of Central Florida Said M. Sebti, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute George E. Seidel, Jr., Colorado State University Venkat Selvamanickam, University of Houston Arup K. Sengupta, Lehigh University Jonathan L. Sessler, The University of Texas at Austin Mohsen Shahinpoor, University of Maine Wan Y. Shih, Drexel University Wei-Heng Shih, Drexel University Mary Shire, University of Limerick, Ireland Ben A. Shneiderman, University of Maryland Kevin M. Short, University of New Hampshire Dean L. Sicking, The University of Alabama at Birmingham Richard B. Silverman, Northwestern University Marwan A. Simaan, University of Central Florida Raj N. Singh, Oklahoma State University Thomas C. Skalak, University of Virginia Marvin J. Slepian, The University of Arizona Henry I. Smith, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Oliver Smithies, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill George F. Smoot III, University of California, Berkeley Solomon H. Snyder, The Johns Hopkins University Franky So, University of Florida Kwok-Fai So, The University of Hong Kong M. J. Soileau, University of Central Florida Mohamed Y. Soliman, University of Houston Richard A. Soref, University of Massachusetts Boston Pramod K. Srivastava, University of Connecticut Andrew J. Steckl, University of Cincinnati Valentino J. Stella, The University of Kansas Galen D. Stucky, University of California, Santa Barbara Nan-Yao Su, University of Florida Bala Subramaniam, The University of Kansas Thomas C. Sudhof, Stanford University Subra Suresh, Carnegie Mellon University Jack W. Szostak, Harvard University Esther Sans Takeuchi, Stony Brook University R. Michael Tanner, Association of Public and Land-grant Universities Theodore F. Taraschi, Thomas Jefferson University Bruce J. Tatarchuk, Auburn University Guillermo J. Tearney, Harvard University Gordon A. Thomas, New Jersey Institute of Technology Mark E. Thompson, University of Southern California H. Holden Thorp, Washington University in St. Louis Thomas G. Thundat, University of Alberta Richard B. Timmons, The University of Texas at Arlington Arthur J. Tipton, Southern Research Institute Stephen Tomlinson, Medical University of South Carolina James M. Tour, Rice University Charles H. Townes, University of California, Berkeley* John Q. Trojanowski, University of Pennsylvania Roger Y. Tsien, University of California, San Diego* Mark L. Tykocinski, Thomas Jefferson University Satish S. Udpa, Michigan State University Kamil Ugurbil, University of Minnesota Kathryn E. Uhrich, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey Kalliat T. Valsaraj, Louisiana State University James L. Van Etten, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Akos Vertes, The George Washington University Anthony J. Vizzini, Wichita State University Vitaly J. Vodyanoy, Auburn University Horst Vogel, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne Bert Vogelstein, Johns Hopkins University Nicholi Vorsa, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey John N. Vournakis, Medical University of South Carolina Gordana Vunjak-Novakovic, Columbia University Kristiina Vuori, Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute James W. Wagner, Emory University Norman J. Wagner III, University of Delaware Jay S. Walker, Cornell University Kevin M. Walsh, University of Louisville David R. Walt, Tufts University Christine A. Wang, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Shaomeng Wang, University of Michigan Yong Wang, Washington State University John E. Ware, Jr., University of Massachusetts Medical School Donald P. Weeks, University of Nebraska-Lincoln Paul H. Weigel, The University of Oklahoma Herbert Weissbach, Florida Atlantic University Sherman M. Weissman, Yale University James A. Wells, University of California, San Francisco James E. West, Johns Hopkins University Wayne C. Westerman, University of Delaware Caroline C. Whitacre, The Ohio State University Jay F. Whitacre, Carnegie Mellon University George M. Whitesides, Harvard University Jonathan A. Wickert, Iowa State University H. Kumar Wickramasinghe, University of California, Irvine Alan E. Willner, University of Southern California Richard C. Willson III, University of Houston David J. Wineland, National Institute of Standards and Technology Helena S. Wisniewski, University of Alaska Anchorage Carl T. Wittwer, The University of Utah Edward D. Wolf, Cornell University Chi-Huey Wong, Academia Sinica in Taiwan Jerry M. Woodall, University of California, Davis John A. Woollam, University of Nebraska-Lincoln S. Davis Worley, Auburn University Paul K. Wright, University of California, Berkeley Mark S. Wrighton, Washington University in St. Louis Shin-Tson Wu, University of Central Florida James C. Wyant, The University of Arizona James J. Wynne, University of South Florida Chunhui Xu, Cornell University Ping Xu, Shanghai Jiaotong University Zhi Xu, University of Missouri-St. Louis Janet K. Yamamoto, University of Florida Pan-Chyr Yang, National Taiwan University Ralph T. Yang, University of Michigan Shu Yang, University of Pennsylvania Yu-Dong Yao, Stevens Institute of Technology Martin L. Yarmush, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey Michael J. Yaszemski, Mayo Clinic Phillip D. Zamore, University of Massachusetts Medical School Frederic Zenhausern, The University of Arizona Shuguang Zhang, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Jianping P. Zheng, Florida State University Harald zur Hausen, German Cancer Research Center

*Indicates Deceased

38 | 2016 NAI Activities Report

NAI Member Institutions SUSTAINING MEMBER INSTITUTIONS New York University Texas Tech University University of California, Irvine University of Central Florida University of Florida University of Nebraska – Lincoln University of South Florida

MEMBER INSTITUTIONS Angelo State University Arizona State University Auburn University Binghamton University Boise State University Boston University Brandeis University Brown University California Institute of Technology California State University, Long Beach Carnegie Mellon University Case Western Reserve University Clark Atlanta University Clemson University Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute Cleveland State University Colorado State University Columbia University Cornell University Dartmouth College Draper Laboratory Drexel University Duke University East Carolina University Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Emory University Florida A&M University Florida Atlantic University Florida Gulf Coast University Florida Institute of Technology Florida International University Florida Polytechnic University Florida State University Georgetown University The George Washington University Georgia Institute of Technology Georgia State University H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute Harvard University

International Consortium for Advanced Manufacturing Research Idaho State University Illinois Institute of Technology Indiana University Institute for Human & Machine Cognition Iowa State University Jackson State University James Madison University Johns Hopkins University Kansas State University Lehigh University Louisiana State University Louisiana Tech University Marquette University Massachusetts General Hospital Research Institute Massachusetts Institute of Technology Mayo Clinic Medical University of South Carolina Michigan State University Missouri University of Science and Technology Montana State University Morehouse School of Medicine New College of Florida New Jersey Institute of Technology New Mexico State University North Carolina State University Northeastern University Northern Arizona University Northern Illinois University Northwestern University Oak Ridge Associated Universities The Ohio State University Ohio University Oklahoma State University Olin College of Engineering Oregon Health & Science University Oregon State University The Pennsylvania State University

NAI Activities Report 2016 | 39

Philadelphia University Princeton University Purdue University Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Rice University The Rockefeller University Rowan University Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey Saint Louis University Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute Smithsonian Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention & Innovation Southern Illinois University Southern Research Institute Space and Naval Warfare Systems Command Stevens Institute of Technology Stony Brook University St. Thomas University Temple University Texas A&M University Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso Thomas Jefferson University Torrey Pines Institute for Molecular Studies Tufts University The University of Akron The University of Alabama The University of Alabama at Birmingham University of Alaska Anchorage The University of Arizona University of Arkansas University at Buffalo, The State University of New York University of California, Berkeley University of California, Davis University of California, Los Angeles University of California, Riverside University of California, San Diego University of California, Santa Barbara University of California, Santa Cruz University of Cincinnati University of Colorado Boulder University of Colorado Denver/AMC University of Connecticut University of Dayton University of Delaware University of Evansville University of Georgia The University of Hawai'i University of Houston University of Idaho University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign The University of Iowa University of Kansas University of Kentucky University of Louisville University of Maryland University of Massachusetts Amherst

40 | 2016 NAI Activities Report

University of Massachusetts Boston University of Massachusetts Dartmouth University of Massachusetts Lowell University of Massachusetts Medical School University of Miami University of Michigan University of Minnesota University of Missouri–Columbia University of Missouri–Kansas City University of Missouri–St. Louis University of Nevada, Las Vegas University of Nevada, Reno University of New Hampshire The University of New Mexico University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill The University of North Dakota University of North Florida University of North Texas The University of Oklahoma University of Pennsylvania University of Pittsburgh The University of Rhode Island University of Rochester The University of South Alabama University of South Carolina University of South Florida Sarasota-Manatee University of South Florida St. Petersburg University of Southern California The University of Southern Mississippi The University of Tennessee, Chattanooga The University of Tennessee, Knoxville The University of Tennessee, Health Science Center The University of Tennessee, Martin The University of Texas at Arlington The University of Texas at Austin The University of Texas at Dallas The University of Texas at San Antonio The University of Toledo The University of Utah University of Virginia University of Washington University of West Florida University of Wisconsin-Madison University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Utah State University Virginia Commonwealth University Virginia Tech Wake Forest University Washington State University Washington State University Tri Cities Washington University in St. Louis Wayne State University West Virginia University Wichita State University Worcester Polytechnic Institute Wright State University Yale University

INTERNATIONAL AFFILIATE MEMBER INSTITUTIONS Academia Sinica, Taiwan Amrita University, India Australian National University, Australia Ben-Gurion University of Negev, Israel Benson Idahosa University, Nigeria China Medical University, Taiwan City University of Hong Kong, China Institut Pasteur, France King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia

National Taiwan University, Taiwan Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China Sungkyunkwan University, South Korea University of Alberta, Canada University of Limerick, Ireland

“The best way to predict the future is to create it.” –Abraham Lincoln

NAI Fellows Induction Ceremony held at the California Institute of Technology, March 20, 2015

NAI Activities Report 2016 | 41

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