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159/2018 • 14 JULY, 2018 WEEKEND ISSUE


Turkeyʼs Gulen movement on the rise in Germany Many supporters of exiled Muslim cleric Fetullah Gulen were driven out of the country

After Turkeyʼs foiled coup attempt in 2016, many supporters of exiled Muslim cleric Fetullah Gulen were driven out of the country. But in Germany, the movement is increasingly gaining influence, writes Gunnar Köhne.

Vaping Air China co-pilot causes plane to plunge

France to deploy 110,000 police for the Bastille Day

A passenger jet with 162 people on board was forced to descend 25,000 feet (7.620 meters) in 10 minutes when the co-pilot apparently tried to hide the smoke from his e-cigarette, Chinese media quoted the countryʼs civil aviation authority as saying on Friday. The Air China Boeing 737 was flying from Hong Kong to the Chinese city of Dalian when the incident took place on Tuesday, according to the South China Morning Post.

French Interior Minister Gerard Collomb announced massive security measures on Friday to prevent any terror attacks over the weekend, which will see France celebrate the Bastille Day on Saturday andplay against Croatia in the World Cup final on Sunday. "Everything is being done so the French can live these festive moments with peace of mind, despite the terrorist threat which remains at a high level," Collomb said.

When the Turkish government crushed an attempted coup on July 15, 2016,President Recep Tayyip Erdoganblamed supporters of Fethullah Gulen, a Muslim cleric in selfimposed exile in the United States. There were plenty of rumors about Gulenʼs involvement in the incident, yet the authorities in Ankara have so far failed to present conclusive evidence to prove this. It is undisputed, however, that Gulen supporters previously held many positions in the Turkish state apparatus, which they used to their own advantage, and which Turkeyʼs ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) tolerated. That is, until Erdogan and Gulen had a falling out. Read more:From ally to scapegoat: Fethullah Gulen, the man behind the myth After Turkeyʼs foiled coup, Erdogan orderedan unprecedented purgeof the state apparatus. Some 100,000 civil servants were fired and 40,000 jailed. Most of these individuals are suspected members or sympathizers of the Gulen movement, or Hizmet. Tens of thousands were forced to flee the country. Many of the 800 Gulen-affiliated schools in Turkey and across the world were forced to close. Turkish authorities pressured Muslim countries in particular,such as Kosovoand Malaysia, to shut down these schools and expel Turkish teachers.German authorities indifferent In Germany, meanwhile, the situation is much more hospitable for Gulen supporters. They enjoy wide-ranging support from German media, political figures and even the countryʼs Christian churches, as DW research reveals.

Above all, Gulen supporters are seen as victims of Erdoganʼs relentless purge — even though Gulen himself espouses a rather conservative version of Islam that champions "an islamization of life and all its institutions," as he writes in one of his books. Read more:Germany investigates possible anti-Gulen spies The German government has admitted that "the organizational structure of the Gulen movement is nontransparent." Even so, Bruno Kahl, who heads the countryʼs foreign intelligence service, the BND, deems the movement an innocuous "civil association for the purpose of religious and secular education."In 2014, Rhineland-Palatinateʼs then-state interior minister, Roger Lewentz, initiated the creation of a working group linking various state-level intelligence services to look into the Gulen movement. It found "a lack of evidence to suggest the movement poses a threat to Germanyʼs political order." Nevertheless, Lewentz underlined that Gulenʼs publications contained controversial passages regarding "religious freedom, what role religion should play in public life, and the treatment of atheists." Read more:A dark time for democracy in Turkey That same year, BadenWürttembergʼs state intelligence service published a comprehensive and critical report about the Gulen movement on its website. Following Turkeyʼs foiled coup, the report was taken down. Asked for an explanation for this, the agency told DW the report had never been intended for the public.

19 injured, 1 dead in South Africa plane crash

EU leaders reach migration deal

At least 19 people were injured and one killed near Pretoria, South Africa on Tuesday after a charter plane crashed near Wonderboom airport, paramedics confirmed. "Medics from ER24 and other services are at the scene of a plane crash at Wonderboom in Pretoria," said Russell Meiring, spokesman for the ER24 medical service. "We have 19 injured casualties ranging from minor to critical injuries at this stage." ER24 later said on its Twitter feed that one fatality had since been reported from the scene, and that it had occured .

EU leaders have ended 12 hours of "virulent" talks in Brussels with a deal on migration. German Chancellor Angela Merkelʼs future in office had been tied to whether she could come up with an "acceptable" EU agreement. European Union leaders reached a breakthrough dealon migration after all-night talks in Brussels, European Council President Donald Tusk announced on Friday. The agreement has been billed as"make or break" for German Chancellor Angela Merkelʼs future .

159/2018 • 14 July, 2018 Weekend issue

Italy: Migrants disembark coast guard ship following reports of earlier conflict After waiting for several hours on board an Italian coast guard ship, 67 migrants were given permission to disembark late on Thursday. The group of migrants, which included three women and six children, had been held onboard the Diciotti at a port in the Sicilian town of Trapani afterItalyʼs farright Interior Minister Matteo Salviniblocked the ship from docking. Salvini halted their arrival amid reports in Italian media that a handful of the migrants on board violently threatened the crew of their initial rescue ship. Earlier on Thursday night, Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte said the group of migrants would be allowed to leave the Diciotti after identification procedures had been completed, "in particular for those who may have committed a crime." Italian media and news agency AFP reported that police escorted some of the migrants off the ship.

Bin Ladenʼs suspected bodyguard Sami A. deported from Germany German officials deported Sami A, an alleged ex-bodyguard of Osama bin Laden, to his homeland of Tunisia early on Friday via a charter flight from Düsseldorf, authorities said. The case surrounding the 42-year-old man hassparked a major controversy in Germany,after it was reported the man has been living in the city of Bochum for years and collecting €1,168 ($1,357) each month in welfare payments. Although his asylum request was rejected and he was declared a security threat, authorities in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW) stated earlier this yearthey could not deport him. The reason, according to the officials, was a 2017 ruling by a German court that found that Sami A. faced "the considerable likelihood" of "torture and inhumane or degrading treatment" if he returned to Tunisia. However, a recent ruling set a legal precedent and paved the way for the manʼs deportation. He wasdetained last month. Although his asylum request was rejected and he was declared a security threat, authorities in the German state of North RhineWestphalia (NRW) stated earlier this yearthey could not deport him. The reason, according to the officials, was a 2017 ruling by a German court that found that Sami A. faced "the considerable likelihood" of "torture and inhumane or degrading treatment" if he returned to Tunisia. 2

Defiant former PM Nawaz Sharif faces jail upon Pakistan return Former Pakistani PM Sharif is set to return to Pakistan from the UK to face imprisonment

Amid pre-poll violence and a crackdown on his supporters, Sharif says he aims to end the "militaryʼs control" on state affairs. Political pundits had written him off. Not many experts had expected him to return to Pakistan from the UK to face prison. But ex-PM Nawaz Sharif is set to land in Lahore on Friday, in what rights groups and liberal analysts say is an all-out confrontation with the South Asian countryʼs powerful army generals. Last week, an accountability court sentenced Sharif to ten andhis daughter Maryam

Hamburg drivers caught breaching diesel ban Authorities have so far nabbed 173 people flouting a 6-week-old partial diesel ban in the northern port of Hamburg, police said Friday. The cityimposed the restrictions in May as part of an effort to improve air quality. Under the new rules, vehicles that do not meet the latest Euro-6 emissions standards areprohibited from two busy stretches of roadin the central district of AltonaNord. Offending car drivers face a €20 ($27) fine, while lorries must cough up €75. Police say they checked more than 600 cars and trucks in the designated areas during four operations between June 21 and 26. A spokesman added that further

Syria: Airstrike on ice factory kills dozens of civilians Dozens of civilians were killed and wounded in an overnight airstrike in the eastern Syrian province of Deir Ezzor, a monitor and Syrian state media said on Friday. The area is one of the last holdouts of the militant "Islamic State" (IS) group. The Britainbased Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said the strike hit an ice factory at a village near the Iraqi border on Thursday night, killing at least 54 people, including 28 civilians and 26 IS fighters. According to the monitor, dozens of families were using the factory as a shelter. It was not immediately clear who carried out the strike. Syriaʼs state news agency SANA reported that over 30 civilians were killed and dozens more were wounded. It said the US-led coalition was behind the attack. A spokesman for the coalition, Colonel Sean Ryan, told Reuters that it or "partner forces may have conducted strikes in the vicinity," adding that the coalition would assess the report alleging civilian casualties. Iraqi warplanes as well as those belonging to the US-led coalition have carried out airstrikes against IS in the area in the past.

Nawazto seven years in jail forPanama Papers-linked corruption charges. Sharif says the cases against him are "politically motivated" — a scheme by the military and the judiciary to keep him out of politics and pave the way for cricketer-turnedpolitician Imran Khan to become prime minister after the July 25 general elections. The army, the judges, and Khan deny these claims. operations were planned. Dozens of German cities, including Hamburg, Stuttgart and Munich, have long struggled with air pollution problems. In 2016, 90 German cities breached the European Unionʼs limits on nitrogen oxide. Last year, 66 failed to meet the standards. A major court decision in February cleared the way for German cities to ban heavily polluting diesel cars. Hamburg was the first to act, but some critics have dismissed the new measures there as ineffective because they only apply to two streets.

Police in Germany mistakenly beat victim of antiSemitic attack

Police in the German city of Bonn have apologized to a JewishAmerican philosophy professor for a case of mistaken identity related to ananti-Semitic attackon Wednesday. Police say the 50-year-old academic was initially approached by a 20-yearold German of Palestinian descent who knocked theyarmulke off his head, shoved him and yelled: "No Jews in Germany!" Read more: How Germanyʼs anti-Semitism commissioner plans to fight hatred The young man fled when a person accompanying the professor called the police. The professor then gave chase and failed to stop when police quickly arrived at the scene and ordered him to do so. The police then suspected he was the perpetrator, rather than the victim, at which point they tackled him and pinned him to the ground. When he resisted police, he was hit in the face.

159/2018 • 14 July, 2018 Weekend issue

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Deutsche Bank fails US Federal Reserve stress test The US Federal Reserve said on Thursday that Deutsche Bank US operations had failed the central bankʼs annual stress test due to "widespread and critical deficiencies" in its risk management. The Fedʼs yearly stress tests are meant to determine if big banks are strong enough to sustain a major economic downturn. Thursdayʼs qualitative test looked at capital planning, including share buybacks and dividend payments. While the bank passed an earlier set of tests, itʼs not the first time that the German banking giant has been unable to pass a US annual stress test, having failed similar tests in 2015 and 2016. Deutscheʼs negative result came after the Federal Reserve carried out its second round of annual stress tests, where it found that 32 out of the 35 major banks in the US had passed the test. As a result, the banking authority gave the approval for these financial institutions to raise dividends and buy back shares.The US regulator gave conditional approval to Goldman Sachs and Morgan Stanley whose capital levels were adversely affected during the test by changes to the US tax code.

Best ice-cream spots in Budapest A good ice cream is worth going the distance for. We prefer natural, traditionally made, quality types and we have created a selection of the best Budapest has to offer. Enjoy rose-petal shaped inventions at Gelarto Rosa, superfood variations at popular Fragola, lactose- and sugar-free options, or taste extravagant dill-cucumber yoghurt, salty caramel or matcha. Fans of classic flavours will also find the perfect summer companions, such as vanilla, chocolate, pistachio and lemon. Erdős és fiai Damniczki Budapest Cioccolatte Gelarto Rosa Artigiana Gelati Fragola Nándori I love Gelato Dolce Intervallo Hisztéria Cremeria MAMO Gelato Gelateria Pomo Dʼoro Sütizz Málna the pastry shop


159/2018 • 14 July, 2018 Weekend issue

We cannot survive without insects Many people see insects as annoying pests

Metallica and an Afghan project win ʼNobel Prizeʼ for music As the winners of Swedenʼs prestigious Polar Music Prize, US heavy metal band Metallica and an Afghan music institute are set to be honored by the Swedish royal family on Thursday. It may be heavy metal, but the Swedish royals wonʼt shy away from the Polar Music Prize ceremony scheduled for June 14 in Stockholm. Swedish King Carl Gustaf and his royal family are slated to attend the televised gala honoring US band Metallica and

Afghanistanʼs National Institute of Music.The Polar Music Prize is often called the "Nobel Prize" for music. In February, when this yearʼs laureates were announced, the jury cited Metallica for its "physical and furious" music. "Through virtuoso ensemble playing and its use of extremely accelerated tempos, Metallica has taken rock music to places it had never been before," the panelʼs statement read. The band has sold 110 million albums worldwide, with some of its hits including "Enter Sandman" and "Nothing Else Matters."

Many people see insects as annoying pests. But British biologist Dave Goulson cautions: A world without insect is a dull place without coffee and chocolate — and with dead animals and cow patties piling up. Dave Goulson: Insects are the dominant lifeform on the planet. Weʼve named well over a million species of insects, and there could be 5 or 10 million. As for the number of individuals, itʼs safe to say that there are many more insects than anything else (excluding microorganisms like bacteria). Why are insects disappearing?Most people agree that itʼs a combination of factors, primarily associated with the way farming has changed in the last hundred years. Weʼve moved to this kind of industrial farming system with very

big fields with monocultures of crops that are treated with lots of pesticides. Itʼs very difficult for most insects to survive in. People should be jumping up and down and be concerned over this, because we cannot survive without insects. Pollination is probably the best-known example of what insects do for people. Sometimes itʼs bees, sometimes itʼs flies, beetles or whatever. Most of the fruits and vegetables we like to eat, and also things like coffee and chocolate, we wouldnʼt have without insects.

Suspect arrested in Jewish Art rapper Festival 2018 XXXTentacion murder case The Broward Sheriffʼs Office said in a statement that Dedrick Devonshay Williams of Pompano Beach was arrested and charged with murder Wednesday evening in connection with XXXTentacionʼs death. The upand-coming US rapper, whose given name was Jahseh Dwayne Onfroy, was gunned down in Deerfield Beach, Florida on Monday after leaving an upscale motorcycle dealership. It was a violent end to a brief music career that was fraught with controversy. The 20-year-old musician was facing charges of domestic violence at the time of his murder. Read more: Rapper XXXTentacion shot dead in Florida Authorities had originally said two suspects had ambushed the rapper in what was an apparent robbery attempt. 4

he Jewish Art Festival aims to introduce Jewish culture to audiences through art performances at diverse venues – including classical, jazz and pop music, theater, literature, and photography. In addition to the wellknown cultural and concert venues and movie theaters, cafés, restaurants, streetfood eateries and ruin bars will also take part in the event series.

Why so many gosh darn jellyfish?

Mediterranean resorts are having to ban swimming because of plagues of jellyfish, which scientists blame on a complex cocktail of human impacts, from climate change to overfishing. Few things evoke the idea of a relax-

ing vacation than a dip in the calm waters of the Mediterranean — especially for northern Europeans. But idyllic tourist spots such as southern Spain are increasingly having to prohibit bathing due to plagues of dangerous jellyfish. Experts say jellyfish arenʼt just an inconvenience for swimmers. They are evidence of a perfect storm of human impacts destabilizing marine ecosystems. Climate change, unsustainable fishing practices and agricultural chemicals are all suspects in the explosion in jellyfish numbers. But a lack of scientific knowledge about these alienlooking creatures and their complex biology means pinning down the exact cause is a complex business. The many differences between thousands of species of jellyfish make it all the more challenging for researchers to pin down clear data.

159/2018 • 14 July, 2018 Weekend issue

French actress Catherine Deneuve awarded Japanʼs highest Arts prize The Japanese award is often billed as the Nobel Prize for the Arts

German director Michael Verhoeven turns 80 His film "The Nasty Girl" was nominated for an Oscar in 1991 as the German entry for best foreign language film. His 1982 feature "The White Rose" focused on Sophie Scholl, one of the participants in the White Rose resistance movement against the Nazis. Michael Verhoeven has been married to actress Senta Berger for over half a century and has been directing films in Germany since the mid-1960s, as well as many TV productions. His feature debut, "The Dance of Death" (top picture), was released in 1967. Verhoeven recounted his early days in film and how the industry has changed, in an interview last year with DW.

Innovative schooling: Finlandʼs Me & MyCity program

The French actress, and the star conductor Riccardo Muti, are among those honored with the Praemium Imperiale. Revered French actress Catherine Deneuve has been awarded one of the worldʼs most important culture prizes, the Praemium Imperiale. The winners were announced by the nomination committee at the Japanese Embassy in Berlin on Wednesday, who recognized the 74year-old movie star, along with the Italian conductor Riccardo Muti and the Belgian-French painter Pierre Alechinsky. Other prizes were awarded to the Japanese artist Fujiko Nakaya and the French architect Christian de Portzamparc.

They will all be formally recognized at an awards ceremony in Tokyo on October 23. The Praemium Imperiale, sometimes called the Nobel Prize for the Arts, is awarded by Japanʼs imperial family and endowed with the equivalent of €116,500 ($136,000). Always hitting the headlines Deneuve is not only an awardwinning film and theater actress known for her often-glamorous roles. She also regularly courts controversy with her outspoken views on politics and social issues.

James Bond fans converge on Austrian mountain for new Spectre show In Spectre, the most recent James Bond film, agent 007 — played by Daniel Craig — follows the daughter of a former syndicate member, thinking she will lead him to the movieʼs chief villain. Bond visits the fantastic mountainous landscape of the Ötztal, a glacier region in Tyrol, in Austria. High up on a mountain there stands a futuristic building of glass and steel

where the two are supposed to meet. But when Bond realizes the woman is being kidnapped, a high-speed car chase quickly ensues along the icy roads, the secret agent pursuing the hostage takers in a small plane. The scenes taken from the sky and through the snowy forest made the Austrian ski resort of Sölden world famous.

Finland has long had a reputation for innovative schooling methods, and the Me & MyCity program is no exception. It creates an environment for sixthgraders whichsimulates a miniature city where students work in a profession and function as consumers and citizens, as part of society. Inside a large hall in an industrial building on the outskirts of the shipping and engineering city of Vaasa, it looks a bit like a small trade fair is going on. It has been divided into booths, each of which represents a sponsor company. In one booth, sponsored by a supermarket chain, a girl stacks shelves while another starts up the computer and looks at inventory.



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Hungary Budapest: Debrecen: Eger: Hévíz:

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Athens: Berlin: Bratislava: Bucharest: London: Madrid:

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Kecskemét: Keszthely: Siófok:

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Europe Moscow: Paris: Prague: Rome: Varsaw: Vienna:

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From capers to yuzu – Budapest’s best gin and tonics A G&T is always a good idea. It’s a drink with a long and interesting history: alcohol flavoured with spices and juniper berries was first created in the Low Countries and conquered today’s Holland and Belgium. In the 1700s, the English took a shine to it and there were times when gin consumption in London was out of control. Prohibited in the past, gin is an indispensable part of modern bar culture today. Gin is best mingled with tonic, but more spices and a sprinkle of magic make it it the perfect summer drink. See where to find the best G&Ts in Budapest. Barside BeefBar Budapest Bestia GoodSpirit Whisky & Cocktail Bar Impostor & Baotiful St. Andrea Wine & Skybar St. Andrea goes hand in hand with premium wines and top-notch gastronomy, but here we focus on its bar culture. In the repertoire of the Wine & Skybar on Vörösmarty tér, the cocktails, premium drinks and the best wines and champagnes share equally importance. You might be offered a mixed drink first blessed with a touch of Kaiken malbec wine before it is poured into a big glass, augmented with ice then drowned in BCN gin and Peter Spanton lemongrass tonic. The whole concoction is made complete with some rosemary in the end. The colour is pretty pink and the flavour divine.


159/2018 • 14 July, 2018 Weekend issue Fernando Torres: Ex-Liverpool and Chelsea striker signs for Japanʼs Sagan Tosu

Former Liverpool, Chelsea and Spain striker Fernando Torres has signed for Japanese side Sagan Tosu. His Atletico Madrid contract ran out this summer and was not renewed, with his final appearance as a 90thminute substitute inthe Europa League final defeatof Marseille. The Spaniard, 34, rejoined his boyhood club in 2014 after a loan at AC Milan. The World Cup and European Championship winner was part of Chelseaʼs Champions League-winning team in 2012. He scored 126 goals in 314 matches in an eight-year spell in English football, including four years with Liverpool when he scored 81 times in only 142 games.

Is eSports about to be recognized as a sport in Germany? Politicians in Germany are mulling recognizing eSports as a sport. Their decision would have wide-ranging repercussions in the gaming industry in the country and further legitimize the digital sport phenomenon. eSportsʼ continued growth has pushed competitive gaming ever-more into the public eye. This has sparked a debate about gaming’s role within German society, and whether eSports should be officially classified as a sport. And it is looking increasingly like it will. Chancellor Angela Merkelʼs grand coalition of her Christian Democrats (CDU/CSU) and the Social Democrats (SPD) agreed to recognize eSports as a sport as part of the coalition agreement they reached earlier this year. However, the legislation necessary to do so has not yet been passed. "eSports were long considered a niche topic, generally only discussed by experts. It has now reached a tipping point where it has become a meaningful topic to all of society and cannot be ignored," Konstantin von Notz, deputy chair of the opposition Green Party in the lower house Bundestag said.

Four years on from 2014, Mario Götze faces yet another decisive season It has been four years since Mario Götze scored the goal that won the World Cup for Germany

It has been four years since Mario Götze scored the goal that won the World Cup for Germany, but since then, itʼs mostly been downhill for him. Is this the season for Götze to return to his former greatness? very year itʼs hard to believe how young Mario Götze still is. Most players who scored the winner in a World Cup final four years ago wouldnʼt have just turned 26 this summer, but he isnʼt most players. And on the anniversary of that day (July 13, 2014) in the Maracana Stadium, itʼs clear that that goal has haunted Götze more than it has helped him. After flourishing under Jürgen Klopp in Borussia Dortmundʼs most recent glory years, Götze had all the skills to become one of the all-time greats. Scoring

the goal to win Germany the World Cup in Brazil appeared destined to take him there. But now, as the 2018-19 Bundesliga season approaches, Götze has changed. He has waded not glided through his post World Cup years, and now the weight of expectation once again is bearing down on him. "He has to know: This is a hugely decisive season for him," Borussia Dortmund CEO Hans-Joachim Watzke told the masscirculation daily Bild recently. "I think [Lucien] Favre will give him huge support. The rest is up to Mario."

Gladbach sell Vestergaard and close in on Plea

Genius Kylian Mbappe is ready for the biggest stage of all Today a rumor that has continued over the last few weeks is confirmed. Borussia Mönchengladbach have sold Danish defender Jannik Vestergaard to Premier League team Southampton for a reported €20 million. Towering figure of a man, and a good addition for the Saints. While defensively there might be questions for Gladbach, the club have just signed French striker Alassane Plea (25) for €25 million from Nice. So at least theyʼll be strong going forward. 6

After 90 minutes of action, it wasFrance who were in a third World Cup final.But it had taken Kylian Mbappe less than 20 seconds to steal the show in Saint Petersburg. Straight from the kick-off in the semifinal, the 19-year-old received the ball on the right-hand side and immediately drove forward, spreading panic across the Belgian back line. His cross evaded Antoine Griezmann in the center but the message had been sent, loud and clear. If anyone wasnʼt already aware of the PSG teenagerʼs

prodigious talent, they were now. Bursting onto the stage two years ago at Monaco, Mbappe tookLigue 1 and the Champions League by storm with his blistering pace and lethal penetration. Fans of Borussia Dortmund and Manchester City will have particularly painful memories of the damage he inflicted on their teams that season – but it will have come as no surprise to the coaches in theParisian suburb of Bondy where the young Mbappe honed his skills in the gravel cage of the Stade Leo Lagrange.