406 Woman Vol.11 No.2 Lifestyle

Page 1

131 Central Ave. • Whitefish, MT 59937 406-862-9199 | McGoughandCompany.com

Come Discover Southside Consignment II The Place to Bring your friends and family!

Best place to shop for antiques!

2699 hwy 93 south, kalispell 406.756.8526 - Create your own individuality

SouthsideConsignment & antiques

Celebrating 27 Fabulous years!

Over 6,000 Square Feet of recycled Decor & Fine Collectibles

treasures mixing old with new!

Let us consign your treasures - Let the gals help you with decorating ideas

406 contents design 18. Tablescaping Details 24. Home office

food & flavor 26. the Loire 28. Sherbet & Sorbet 32. Artichokes & Artificial Sweeteners


travel 36. Savor Seattle

fashion 40. Steeps Tea The Village Shop

48. Havana Nights


42. Brian & Devin


8 406



406 w o m a n

Cover Girl


Cindy Gerrity


business manager Daley McDaniel


executive editor

Kristen Hamilton



Sara Joy Pinnell


Jessica Brewer

Jessica is steeped in tradition, forged from it. Her family homesteaded land in Montana in 1880, a working ranch in the Potomac valley. It is still in operation to this day. Horses have been a great teacher to Jessica, horses and beadwork because both require patience and a calm spirit. Both are her attempt at capturing joy and the framework for her jewelry .

She finds joy in the complexity of weaving,

one bead at a time, into statements, sermons , and

tapestries .

Her hope is that her work inspires joy on That is her motivation behind her creations . Each bead is prayer for joy. Photo by Kathryn Hayes (I n s t a g r a m : @ k a t h r y n h a y e s m e d i a // kathrynhayesmedia.com)

the receiving end.


Daley McDaniel Photography Amanda Wilson Photography Alisia Dawn Photography Kelly Kirksey Photography Carrie Ann Photography Danella Miller Photography Kathryn Hayes Media J. Vigil Photography Leah Manzari

Business Girl Published by Skirts Publishing six times a year 704 C East 13th St. #138 Whitefish, MT 59937 info@406woman.com Copyright©2018 Skirts Publishing

View current and past issues of 406 Woman at

w w w . 4 0 6 W o m a n . c o m

Kari Peiffer

If you’ve ever met Kari Peiffer, you’d know immediately that you have met someone very special.

As a mother, she is raising two amazing

young men in light of a tragedy that struck six years ago.

As a friend, you couldn’t ask for anyone more caring or giving. As a teacher, after 23 years she continues to help the next generation of students reach their potential. Read Mary Wallace’s story about Kari on page 10 in our Business & Health section. P h o t o b y A m a n d a W i l s o n P h o t o g r ap h y ( www . a m a n d awi l s o np h o t o s . c o m )

Want to know about great events, open houses, and more? Like us on Facebook at facebook.com/406 Woman 406 Woman is distributed in Bigfork, Columbia Falls, Kalispell, Missoula, Whitefish and every point in between. Check out www.406woman.com for our full distribution list. Have a great story idea or know someone that we should feature? Email us with your comments & suggestions. Interested in increasing your business and partnering with 406 Woman? Check out www.406woman.com.

Editor’s Note


To make or become different. Sometimes we choose to make our own changes and at other times we are forced to accept a change in our life. One way or another I’ve been thinking a lot lately about the Tracy Chapman song “Change.” The entire song is really amazing but to me the first verse really asks the eternal question that we should all ask ourselves at one point or another.

If you knew that you would die today If you saw the face of God and love Would you change? Would you change? I’d like to think I wouldn’t but I’m certain there is something or things that I should. Perhaps I’ve judged someone lately without knowing the whole story. Maybe I was short tempered with the person closest to me when I didn’t get my way. Did I give my friend my undivided attention during our last visit? Have I forgiven everyone that I should have and have they forgiven me? If I died today, would it be in peace? As the summer comes to a close and the lazy days wind down for organization and structure, I’m making a personal promise to myself to …

Don’t judge – anyone! Be kind – always! Listen – give love! Forgive and move on – for me! Thank you for picking up the latest issue of 406 Woman – Enjoy!

In this issue you’ll find….


Karen Sanderson from Brix Bottleshop is back this issue and shares her wonderful winery trip to the Loire. Be sure to check it out on page 26. Child Bridge founders Steve and Mary Bryan have been awarded the national Unsung Hero award. Please read their inspiring story on page 32 in our Business & Health section. Maya Pedal is coming to Whitefish. Learn about this awesome nonprofit and how they are helping people in Guatemala on page 40.


Meet Kelly O’Brien… Our Talented 406 Contributors Dr. Esther Barnes, DPM, FACAS

Board certified foot and ankle specialist practicing at Step Ahead Foot & Ankle Clinic in Kalispell

C. Claude Basler, D.C.

Family chiropractor, allowing you to express your true potential

Erin Blair

Licensed esthetician and owner of Skin Therapy Studio

Delia Buckmaster

Owner of Delia's Pilates™, PMA®-CPT, International Educator, bootybarre® master trainer, health coach, mom, Montana obsessed.

Brian D’Ambrosio

Accomplished writer and newly published author of “Reservation Champ’

Kalispell OB/GYN Doctors & Practitioners

Board certified OB/GYN professional offering expert advice

Allison Linville

Community Relations Coordinator at North Valley Hospital

John Miller, DDS

Specializing in general dentistry, Dr Miller provides expert advice

Carole Morris

Instructional Specialist, Author and Adjunct Professor. The proud mom of two perfect children and grammie to three flawless grandchildren.

Kelly O’Brien, Esq.

Business law specialist with Measure Law Office, P.C.

Brianne Perleberg

Founder of I Want Her Job and marketing director at NASCAR track Phoenix Raceway.

Devin Pfister, PT, DPT.

Certified Yoga Instructor, offering one on one direct care with an emphasis on manual therapy for people in pain.

Kristen Pulsifer

Writer, editor and owner of Whitefish Study Center

Karen Sanderson

Wine expert and owner of Brix Bottleshop in Kalispell

Dr Austine Siomos

A pediatric cardiologist at Rocky Mountain Heart & Lung plus a wife and mother

Jaymee Sire

Jaymee grew up in North Central Montana and is an Emmy Award winning sports broadcaster. She writes a food and travel blog called “e is for eat.” (eisforeat.com)

Mary Wallace

Mother of three and grandmother to two, is still trying to figure out what she wants to be when she grows up.


For full bios for our contributors, please visit www.406woman.com. 16 406


Profession: Attorney

Resides: Whitefish, Montana

Notable Accomplishments: · B.S. in Business Administration with emphasis on International Business from University of Montana (2000) · J.D. from Lewis & Clark School of Law with a certification in environmental and natural resources law and recipient of Cornelius Honors Society Award (2004) · Partner with Measure, Sampsel, Sullivan & O’Brien, P.C. in Kalispell

· Chair of the Board of Directors of Foy’s to Blacktail Trails · Mother of Cael & Shea, wife to Marc

My workweek always includes: My work schedule is different every day so it is hard to keep balance but I always make sure to find time to get outside for some exercise. My favorite outdoor activity is: Do I have to pick one? I love skiing, mountain biking, and trail running.

When it comes to electronics, I can’t live without these apps on my iPhone: Instagram, Spotify, Strava, Trailforks, and NY Times mobile

My bucket list includes doing this in the next year: More travel! This year I did a mountain bike trip in Spain and a backcountry ski trip in British Columbia. I would love to go back for more.



18 406




It’s all in the details By June Jeffries for Empress Tents and Events Photographed by Kelly Kirksey Photography

We like to get together over a cup of coffee, a glass of wine, breakfast, brunch, lunch, dinner and sometimes just for dessert; it’s an opportunity to connect with family, old friends, and new friends. It’s no surprise most gatherings are centered around food! We had the good fortune of setting a table for 14 at the Conrad Mansion: a landmark in the historical district of Kalispell, designed by Kirtland Cutter and the home of Charles Conrad, a 19th century shipping magnate and early pioneer of Kalispell. Our tablescape was designed to mirror the beauty of the mansion: the farm wood tables and pilgrim chairs blended seamlessly with the coniferous trees in the massive garden. The ‘toile de jouy’ table runner was made from fabric purchased in France; the pastoral theme tied in beautifully with the open air concept, a runner is an ideal accent table linen for an outdoor setting: enough fabric to add color and dimension to the table setting without completely covering the beauty of the wood. The dazzling dinnerware is Historia Paperwhite ceramic stoneware made in Portugal topped with an antique linen and a plum place card, the glassware and flatware were provided by Vintages Whites’ extensive collection of vintage furnishings and accessories, candelabras with a few strands of crystal added an element of elegance and worked harmoniously with the crystal glassware, milk compotes showcased white peonies, freesia, and roses that were exquisitely blended with eryngium, seeded and feathered eucalyptus designed by Rose Mountain floral shop.

A seating area is always a welcome addition; your guests will feel pampered with plumped pillows and an inviting arrangement of chairs. We designed the



oman.com  19


20 406



design} area to reflect and emulate the blue and white colors used in the tablescape: a blue and white damask carpet, wicker and cane back chairs, a cotton throw if the temperature cools, a basket of tulips and a bottle of wine, a few books placed on the wicker end table for the details: it’s all in the details.

To add a little bit of heaven to an already magical day, we filled the top of an antique table with a selection of local treats: huckleberry taffy, licorice, fudge, butter mints and more. All dishware, furnishings, linens and props provided by Empress Tents and Events (www.empresstentsevents.com). For all your event planning needs contact Lynn Malmberg. For a vintage flair please visit (www.vintagewhitesweddings.com). A special thank you to Rose Mountain floral for the beautiful floral arrangements (https://rosemountainfloral.com). And last, but never least, thank you to Kelly Kirksey for always working her magic with her beautiful photographs (www.kellykirkseyphotography.com).



oman.com  21


Home office Blending Work and Home By Wright’s Furniture


24 406



Create a stylish home office that works

as hard as you do. Our home office furniture combines functionality and style creating an inspiring work environment. Whether you have a small or large area or need work spaces for one or two people, many styles and options are available to fit your room, needs and lifestyle.

Desks Filing cabinets

Keep your important documents protected and well-organized with a wide range of modern, traditional, and transitional filing cabinets. Select a model with locking doors for additional security, or choose a regal, impressive piece that will add elegance to any space.

Whether you prefer sleek modern writing desks or impressive executive desks, the ideal office furniture solution is available for you. A wide range of L shaped desks, corner desks, and computer desks can fit inside any workspace, large or small. Choose from elaborate designs with plenty of drawers and storage space, or keep things simple with a more contemporary model.

Modular Systems

Enjoy the advantages of modular home office pieces. Create a custom built-in cabinetry look with configurable work stations and bookcases or simply select the individual pieces for your needs.

Office Chair


Whether you are storing books or displaying photos and accessories, they are many styles and sizes of bookcases available, from sleek open back etageres to large matching bunching bookcases.

Your office chair is the piece that supports your neck and spine as you work—so it’s crucial to choose a model that’s comfortable and well-crafted. Whether you would prefer an impressive leather office chair, a more affordable vinyl model, or a simple wooden desk chair, we have options to support yourself in style.

Traditional, Rustic and Modern office collections are available at Wright’s Furniture in Whitefish. Choose from our in stock desks, bookcases, office chairs etc or special order a custom design. Wright’s offers Free Design services to help assist in creating a personalized work space. Office collections featured here, from Hooker Furniture, are available at Wright’s. 6325 Hwy 93 South, Whitefish, Montana 59937 | 406.862.2455 | OPEN DAILY | www.wrightsfurniturestore.com



oman.com  25



the Loire Written by Karen Sanderson, Brix Bottleshop Photos Courtesy Karen Sanderson

When it comes to European wine tourism, which regions first to come to mind? Tuscany? Bordeaux? The Rhine? According to countless travel websites, “enotourism” (aka wine tourism) in Europe has increased over 30% in the past decade. Even up to 6 years ago, it would have been considered taboo to visit a Chateau in the Rhone or Bordeaux without an appointment. Today, hundreds of properties have opened their doors for guests to visit at their leisure. Although most grand domains still do require reservations, it is now possible to visit smaller properties to get a sense of their history, learn about their wines, and of course, do a little sampling.

the Rhone, skirting Cahors around Languedoc, and a nice rest in Bordeaux. From there we spent a week along the Loire River and ended in Burgundy. 2017 was an incredibly hot summer, but each place had respite from the heat with swimming pools, the Atlantic Ocean, and fresh lakes. Can you guess which was our favorite? Mais oui. Le Loire.

“Wine tourism, even 10 years ago, was really in its infancy,” said Pascale Bernasse, president of tour operator French Wine Explorers. “Special experiences were not so easy to find, and there was little room for creativity and not enough infrastructure to make them happen. But wine tastes better with a really good story behind it, and with time, we are seeing increased offerings, which has helped us develop programs that are well-rounded.” Source: Nov. 2017 “Today’s Top Destinations for Wine Travel” travelagewest.com

From Nantes to Sancerre, Loire Valley vineyards stretch along its majestic river, which happens to be the longest wine route in France. Tiny villages, chateaux, and gardens pop up like wildflowers around each curvy road among bright green rolling hills and sunflower farms. Hidden behind each renowned wine district is a famous Loire chateau such as Chenonceau, Chambord, and Saumur. Unlike other regions in France, where many tasting rooms are found in nearby towns, Loire vineyard properties encourage you to visit them at the source. More than one thousand vineyards are open to the public where you may meet the winery workers and taste their wines.

Last summer my daughter and I were lucky enough to visit almost every major wine region of France. Our tour went from Provence through


26 406


Provinces that dot the Loire River have been popular holiday destinations for centuries. The bourgoise of Paris and other major cities of France have escaped summer heat in this cooler region since the 16th century. At the age of 19, Joan of Arc was invited to the King’s castle in Tours soon after taking Orleans. Yep, it’s that popular, and still is today.

The gorgeous landscape of upper Loire as seen on a hill opposite of the town of Sancerre.

Above: Lunch and dinner is only served at certain times of the day, so you often need to plan an entire day around when you plan to eat. Below: Foie Gras served at a popular restaurant in Bourges.

Loire Subregions

How did these grapes get here? Some are thought to have been native, however, most scientific mine history sources believe the grapes were planted by the Greeks in the 14th century. Because of the accessibility and size, the Loire River became a popular international trading route for France.

The Loire is famous for its historic framework architecture.

Regions and their Wines

What is the Loire famous for? The following cities rest in the 4 major regions of the Loire.

The following lists the regional classification and the grapes grown there.

1. Lower Loire: “Pays Nantais”

Wines: Melon de Bourgogne (aka-Muscadet)

2. Middle Loire: Anjou, Saumur, Tourain

Wines: Rosé, Chenin Blanc (Vouvray), Cabernet Franc (Bourgeuil, Chinon), Sparkling, and Sauvignon Blanc.

3. Upper Loire/Center Wines: Chenin Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc Quincy, Ruilly, Pouilly Fumé, Sancerre are famous for their Sauvignon Blanc Brix Picks

Reverdy Sancerre, $29 La Couer de la Reine Sauvignon Blanc, $16 Pierre Henri Muscadet, $12.99 Forty Ounce Muscadet, $14.99 Louis de Grenelle Sparkling Brut Rosé, $18 Bourgueil Cabernet Franc, $16 Marie Beauregard Vouvray Saget, $20


Posing with Bacchus, the God of Wine, at a winery near Sancerre.


oman.com  27


Sherbet & Sorbet

Rock as a Summer Treat By Carole Morris

First, I must confess that throughout my whole life I have mis-pronounced sherbet. Hopefully, there are others who have pronounced it sherbert…so I don’t feel alone. If you are a mis-pronouncer—I’m sure you’re as shocked as I am! Nobody has ever corrected me on my lack of knowledge; I have been clueless my whole life. I cringe when I think of how many people have heard me say, “S h e r b e r t.” Never again, my friends…I have been educated.

With that confession off my chest, I can move forward and discuss the difference between sherbet and sorbet. They are totally dissimilar products. Sherbet classically is a fruit flavored, frozen product with dairy in it (that is low in fat). In fact, to be a true “sherbet” it must include dairy ingredients such as milk (or cream) so that it has a milkfat content. Sherbet is almost ice cream and has a creamier texture than sorbet.

Sorbet, on the other hand, is made from water and fruit puree or juice. It is comparable to Italian ice. It doesn’t have milk or cream in its ingredients. Moreover, it is one of the oldest forms of frozen desserts. There are records of frozen desserts that are sorbet-like which date back to the ancient Romans and Chinese. They were made with fruit pulp, snow, and honey. Now that we know the difference between the two, let’s look at some yummy sherbet and sorbet recipes to help cool us off this summer; then you’ll see why they totally rock as a summer treat!


28 406


Pomegranate Sherbet Ingredients ½ tsp. gelatin 2 Tbsp. water 2 whole pomegranates (1 ½ cups pomegranate juice) ¾ cup sugar a pinch of salt ½ cup heavy cream

Directions Juice your pomegranates or use commercial pomegranate juice to measure 1 1/2 cups. Pour water into saucepan, then sprinkle the gelatin on top of the

water. Let gelatin soak for a few minutes. Cook on low heat for two minutes, then stir the pan. The gelatin should be blended, and no longer look grainy. Pour in the pomegranate juice. Add the sugar and salt. Whisk until the sugar and salt is fully dissolved. Transfer the mixture to a bowl and refrigerate until chilled (a couple of hours). Stir in the cream. Freeze in an ice cream maker until fluffy, put it in the freezer until firm.

If you don’t have an ice cream maker, pour mixture into shallow pan and freez for 2-3 hours (until almost firm) beat with a mixer in chilled bowl until smooth…then freeze solid. Serves 6




oman.com  29


BlackberryRaspberry Sorbet Ingredients

2 ½ cups water 2 cups raspberries 2 cups blackberries 1 Tbsp. lemon juice 3/4 cup sugar

Directions Rinse the blackberries and raspberries thoroughly. Mix the berries in a blender with water and lemon juice. Blend until smooth, then press the mixture through a strainer to get the seeds.

Whisk the blackberry-raspberry juice and sugar together in a saucepan. Bring mixture to a boil, then reduce to a simmer. Cook for 2 minutes, until sugar is fully dissolved. Remove from heat and transfer to a container; chill completely in refrigerator (a couple of hours). Next, freeze the sorbet mixture according to your ice cream maker’s directions.


If you are not using an ice cream maker, place the mixture in a shallow pan and freeze. Once frozen, break into pieces and blend in a food processor (or blender) until creamy. Serves 6

30 406



Artificial Sweeteners & Artichokes

It is a beautiful summer so far, and I am sitting outside on a breezy Montana evening as I write this article. Just windy enough to keep the mosquitos away but not so windy that my papers go flying. Late summer in Montana is a great time to eat healthy. Gardens are in full bloom, picnics can happen any day and fresh fruits and vegetables are plentiful. The Flathead is bursting with produce from Farmers Markets.

Fruits and vegetables all contain sugar in its natural form. For fruit, this is usually fructose. I am interested in the topic of artificial sweeteners, as it comes up often with the patients and families I see in my clinic. One of the most common food questions I am asked is what is the best sweetener? The history of artificial sweeteners goes back at least as far as the ancient Romans, who used lead acetate as a sweetener. Of course, the long-term effects of the lead intake were not favorable, and this practice was abandoned.

Artificial sweeteners are also known as high intensity sweeteners. These are always compared to sucrose, which is common table sugar. Artificial sweeteners provide many times the sweetness of sucrose and so less of the sweetener is required and calorie contribution is usually negligible. For instance, sucralose, the most common sweetener and the main component of Splenda, is 600 times as sweet as sugar.


32 406


By Dr Austine Siomos

The first modern artificial sweetener was saccharin, which was first synthesized in 1879. Saccharin is controversial and was under investigation in the 1980s due to concerns for causing cancer. It is currently approved by the FDA but is not in most sodas. It is still found in some processed foods and syrups. Diet sodas are most commonly sweetened with aspartame. This was first made in 1965 and is about 200 times as sweet as sugar. The most recent artificial sweetener, advantame, was approved in 2014 by the FDA and is 20,000 times sweeter than sucrose. Stevia is big these days. It has been used as a natural sweetener in South America for centuries and is also popular in Japan. Stevia has up to 150 times the sweetness of sugar. The extraction of stevia rebaudiana leaves produces a mixture of nine compounds and two of these, rebaudioside and stevioside are approved as sweeteners.

So with all this history and classification of sweeteners, what are the current opinions about sweeteners and health? Sweetener consumption and its link with obesity and other concerns has been the subject of many studies. - A study in 2016 on 1500 patients aged 20 years and older demonstrated a correlation between the chronic usage of low calorie sweeteners and increasing obesity risk. - Another study in 2016 on people over age 65 showed that increasing diet soda intake is

associated with increasing abdominal obesity. A Swedish study in 2015 suggested that high sweetened beverage intake is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes. - There is also interesting and concerning research on the microbiome (bacteria that naturally reside in out guts, on our skin, etc.) that suggest an alteration in the microbiome caused by artificial sweeteners, including stevia. My takeaway from the research so far is that artificial sweeteners are not desirable in our diets in general. There is a place for them occasionally in sweetening medications that we have to get kids to take. However, for the most part the risks do not likely outweigh the benefits. In terms of all the available sweeteners, the most nutritious available sweeteners out there are dates, honey and molasses. These can be used to sweeten desserts and bars. Interestingly, as I will discuss next, artichokes actually have a protein that temporarily changes human taste buds and makes everything taste sweeter!

The bigger question to ask, of course, is whether we really need to sweeten things as much as we do. The answer is likely no. You probably will notice that when you eat more whole unprocessed foods and avoid added sugar and added sweeteners then all foods taste better. The more we can get away from refined sugars and artificial sweeteners, the more we are likely to completely enjoy food.



Pesto Hummus


The artichoke is a variety of thistle that is native to the Mediterranean. Thankfully, they also grow well in California, and 80% of the US supply is actually grown in Monterey County (California). The edible portion of the plant consists of the flower buds before the flowers bloom. The budding artichoke flower head is a cluster of many budding small flowers (an inflorescence) together with many bracts, on an edible base.

The total antioxidant availability of artichoke flower heads is one of the highest reported for vegetables. I also learned a fascinating and useful fact about artichokes while researching for this article. Artichokes contain cynarine, which temporarily alters taste receptors, making water and other foods and drinks seem sweet. Try it! The majority of the cynarine found in artichoke is located in the pulp of the leaves. The edible portion of a medium artichoke contains 6 grams of fiber, which is more than a cup of prunes! The same portion also contains 4 grams of protein.

Health benefits of artichokes

ties of artichokes come from a number of sources, one of which is polyphenols. Polyphenols have chemopreventive qualities, which means they can slow down, stop, or completely reverse the effects of cancer in some patients. Their antioxidant ability comes from another source as well, their high levels of quercetin and rutin, two antioxidants that have been proven to reduce the chances of developing cancer. Multiple studies have shown the extract from artichoke leaves can reduce the chances for and effects of prostate cancer, breast cancer, and leukemia.

-Support the immune system: Artichokes con-

tain not only antioxidants but also a lot of vitamin C. Antioxidants are one of the primary means of defense for the immune system against the effects of free radicals, which are natural byproducts of cell metabolism that can lead to a number of dangerous conditions and diseases in the body. Vitamin C is also a well-known antioxidant and it is found in significant levels in artichokes.

-Improves digestive health: Artichokes contain

a surprising amount of fiber per calorie. The fiber in artichokes is a unique form of fiber known as inulin. Inulin is one of the most available and the more promising prebiotics in the food supply.

Artichokes have also been shown to support the good bacteria in our guts. Specifically, artichoke extract encourages the growth of lactobacillus. This is the same microbiome bacterium that is known to be inhibited by artificial sweeteners.

-Treats liver disease: Artichoke extract has been studied as a treatment for multiple kinds of liver disease, including hepatitis C and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). It has been shown to provide protection from damage and lowers liver enzymes. -May prevent cancer: Artichokes are high in an-

tioxidants. In fact, of 1,000 foods, they rank 7th in antioxidant content. They rank above blueberries, chocolate and red wine! The antioxidant proper-

Ingredients: · 5 cloves garlic · 3 lemons or limes · 1 tablespoon tahini · ½ cup pine nuts (reserve a few for garnish) · 1 bunch basil · 1 ½ cups diced artichoke hearts · 1 cup garbanzo beans · olive oil · 1 tsp black pepper · salt to taste

Instructions 1. Chop the onion and caramelize in a

sauté pan with water and a teaspoon of olive oil.

2. Once the onion is almost caramelized, add the garlic and sauté until the garlic is brown. 3. Brown the pine nuts in a pan. 4. In a food processor or blender, blend the garbanzo beans, tahini and juice of three lemons or limes as well as the onions, garlic and pine nuts.

5. Once the above is smooth, add the

basil and blend to your desired texture. Add olive oil while blending until smooth and a nice weight for dipping vegetables, chips or artichoke leaves.

6. Remove the pesto hummus from the blender; add the diced artichokes, salt and pepper and mix.

Dr Austine Siomos I am a pediatric cardiologist. I trained first to become a pediatrician and then specialized in the study of pediatric hearts. I see children from before they are born until they are ready to see an adult cardiologist. I am passionate about the health of all children and families. My goal for all children is to promote healthy habits and avoidance of those types of heart disease that are generally considered to be adult problems.

7. Garnish with remaining pine nuts, basil and artichoke leaves. 8. Serve with vegetables, chips or crackers.

9. Enjoy with friends!



oman.com  33


Savor Seattle By Kristen Hamilton

Seattle is a terrific weekend getaway for so many of us in Northwest Montana. Whether you hop on an Alaska Airlines flight, ride the rails on Amtrak’s Empire Builder, or jump in your car and drive for the day…this Emerald City has so much to offer. Popular activities of course include a Mariners’ or Seahawks’ game, wine tasting in Woodinville, touring the iconic sites of Pike Place Market or the Space Needle, or a stop off on a longer trip to the San Juan Islands along with many other possibilities. One activity that may not be on your radar, but should be if you love delicious food and want to learn a bit of the city’s history, is a Savor Seattle Food Tour.

Angela Shen, Founder and CEO, of Savor Seattle Food Tours has been creating unique food and drink tours with her team for 11 years in the city. The small group guided tours include bites and beverages at some of the best spots in downtown Seattle along with a bit of cultural and history mixed in by the colorful guides. Recently, my husband and I opted for the Gourmet Seattle Tour that promised upscale comfort food paired with Washington wine and cocktails. The tour was a hit on every level.

We met our guide, Patrick Allcorn, at ORFEO Restaurant on 3rd Avenue off Lenora just a few blocks from Pike Street Market. (If you are driving, park in the Securities Parking Garage only a block from ORFEO on 3rd Avenue just above Bed, Bath and Beyond. It’s secure and only $7 on the weekends for 10 hours!)

Patrick started with Savor Seattle Food Tours four years ago as a part time guide and is now a full time employee as the Partner Relations Manager and Tour Guide. He welcomed us all immediately and encouraged us to get to know the others on the tour. We had 10 people in our group. Three local gals from the Maple Leaf neighborhood just north of downtown, a couple from New York State, another couple from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and a single gentleman who just moved to the area for a job with Microsoft.


36 406


Following introductions, Patrick shared some history about the beautiful restaurant and owners Terresa and Kevin Davis. Then he welcomed the manager of ORFEO to the table to tell us about our first bite and the wine we were about to try. The menu at this hot spot changes daily depending on the seafood that might have been just caught to the fresh produce available in the area.


Pictures top to bottom: Pikes Market - Photo by Kristen Hamilton; Wild salmon with San Juan Island mushrooms pasta from Von’s Gustobistro, Wild boar bolognese on grilled polenta from ORFEO, Razor clam chowder from Steelhead Diner - Photos courtesy of Savor Seattle Food Tours.

36 406


travel} Savor

She poured the Treveri Cellars Sparkling Rose, as our Slow Roasted Wild Boar Bolognese on Grilled Polenta was set before us. The rose was crisp and delicious and a perfect way to start the tour. The Bolognese was so flavorful, and the polenta just melted in your mouth. I must admit that I would have been happy with an entire plate of this, and it turned out to be my favorite bite of the day.

Patrick led us out of the restaurant with a signature pink umbrella and around the block to our next stop at Serious Pie. At first, my husband may have been disappointed thinking he might be getting a slice of peach pie (his favorite) until two wood fire pizzas were set in front of the group. As we passed around the mushroom with truffle oil and margherite pizzas, Patrick shared that this is not your usual pizza shop. The dough takes three days to make and uses a special mixture of flour that is specially made in eastern Washington. The cheeses used for the pies are imported from Italy. Needless to say, you can taste the difference. We will be back! Again we followed the pink umbrella to our next stop the Steelhead Diner. This upscale diner is all about relaxation and comfort foods with a bit of a twist along with amazing views out the large windows. Here we were served razor clam chowder with truffle oil and a tasty Viognier wine pairing. As a clam chowder lover, I must admit this was one of the best I have tried. From there, it was a short hop to our next stop, Noi Thai Cuisine, where we were served crispy garlic chicken with an amazing mango drop cocktail made with vodka, triple sec

and mango puree. We loved the atmosphere here. The tables and seating arrangements were unique and comfortable once you shimmied into your seat.

At this point, our taste buds were on the sensory overload scale, but that didn’t stop us in the least. Patrick next led us to Von’s Gustobistro where we dined on Northwest Wild Salmon with San Juan Island Mushrooms and Asiago Cream Pasta paired with a refreshing local craft beer. The pasta is made from a sourdough starter, and everything in the kitchen is scratch made. Von’s is also famous for its wall of spirits where you can enjoy just about any cocktail you can imagine. We loved the pasta and added Von’s to the list of must visit again.

Our last stop of the day was Fran’s Chocolates, and I can’t think of a better ending. This family owned confectioner handcrafts every truffle, caramel, and chocolate bar using only the finest ingredients. We tried three of her specialties including a wonderful caramel, and let’s just say we left with a box of our own.

Again we followed the pink umbrella to our next stop the Steelhead Diner. This upscale diner is all about relaxation and comfort foods with a bit of a twist along with amazing views out the large windows. Here we were served razor clam chowder with truffle oil and a tasty Viognier wine pairing. As a clam chowder lover, I must admit this was one of the best I have tried.

We had a really terrific afternoon, and we’d recommend trying a tour on your next visit to this vibrant city.

In addition to the Gourmet Seattle Tour that we participated in, there are tours to Pike Street Market including a VIP Early Access Tour, Chocolate Indulgence, Booze ‘N Bites, a three-day kayak expedition to San Juan Island, and a nine-day tour to Italy. Visit www.savorseattletours.com for more information.


Pictures clockwise: Crispy garlic chicken from Noi Thai Cuisine, Tour guide Patrick with pink umbrella - photos by Kristen Hamilton. Frans Chocolates salted caramels - Photo courtesy Savor Seattle Food Tours.


oman.com  37



oman.com  37

201 Central ave. whitefish Montana 59937 - 406.862.3200




welcome to

Introducing The Village Shop's newest addition: Steeps Tea! This freshly

renovated space features a gourmet tea shop offering over 70 different loose leaf teas that include various green, black, white, pu-erh, herbal, and oolong blends. Our relaxing Serene Dream herbal tea is the perfect accessory for bedtime, or our popular Turmeric Ginger not only tastes great, but has a variety of health benefits. We offer both caffeinated and decaffeinated teas hot or iced, so there's something to be enjoyed by everyone! Come check us out and grab a cup of tea or some loose leaf to brew at home, or stop in to find that perfect Montana memento. See you soon!

Steeps Tea

Located inside The Village Shop, Downtown Whitefish. 406-862-3200 @thevillageshop_mt 2.

1. 4. 3.



16. 15.


6. 8.


9. 11.

at the Village Shop


7. 10.

w w w.v illages ho pw hi tef is h.com


40 406


Photos by Carrie Ann Photography

1. Moji Herbals - Yarrow & Lavendar Facial Toner - $18 - Sagebrush & Mint Body Scrub - $18 - Arnica Salve - $32 - Conifer Healing Salve - $6 - Mint Chocolate Lip Balm - $5 2. Dana Herbert Palm Leaf Bag - $32 3. 2nd Story Studio Bag - $36 4. Rishi Tea Bags - $6 5. Printed Tea Canisters - $12 6. Great Northern Honey Co. 8 oz. Wildflower Honey - $9 7. Tag Flour Sack Dish Towel - $8 8. Loose Leaf Tea - prices vary 9. Hot & Iced Tea - $3- $3.50 10. Tokyo Milk Bar Soap - $12 11. Tag Dish Towel Set - $24 12. Nutritiously Natalie Peanut Butter Energy Balls - $4.50 13. Sarah Uhl Cards - $4-5 14. Tea Tins - $25 15. Libre Durable Glass Infuser - $35 16. Tea Pot - $40 17. Sweetgrass Paper Company Frameable Print - $24


Brian & Devin May 26, 2018

Photography by Leah Manzari

Who are you?

Brian Harms: I grew up in a small town in western Nebraska. Throughout high school and college I had a fascination with mountains and a desire for travel. For most of my adult life, I have worked as a seasonal employee in areas such as Antarctica, Afghanistan, and Glacier National Park. The seasonal life has allowed me to explore many places abroad and my 13 seasons as a trail maintenance worker on the east side of Glacier has allowed me to see some of the most awe-inspiring areas of northwest Montana. After my first season, I knew Montana was where I would choose to live and in 2013 I was lucky enough to find someone who shared that dream with me. We bought a beautiful cabin outside of Whitefish and when I’m not working in the park, I’m there spending time with my wife and our cat, Kitty Baker. Devin Pfister: I grew up in the small town of Lusk, Wyoming. It’s the kind of place where everyone knows your name and you quickly learn the value of the golden rule. My parents were hard working individuals who devoted themselves to instilling in their children a steadfast faith in God, enduring grit with an “I can do” attitude and a rich love for one another. Encouraged by the notion of helping others as my parents had done, I quickly opted to become a Physical Therapist. After my schooling, I moved to San Francisco to establish a small outpatient clinic. During this time, I broadened my horizons with newfound opinions and embraced the beauty of cultural diversity. With a strong desire to rediscover mountains, open fields, available parking, starry nights, short lines and big sky, I found my roots again when visiting Whitefish. Here I began the rest of my life and I am so blessed to have found my partner, best friend and soul mate to join me in my journey.

How did you meet?


42 406

Unbeknownst to us, it was a fateful night at the Boat Club lounge in Whitefish. We met over drinks


through mutual friends with no anticipation for the feelings that arose during our first encounter, but as they say, it happens when you least expect it. Talk was easy and familiar, stories were similar, and values were in line.

What is love?

Brian: Love is being with someone that brings out the best in you. It makes you want to be a better person, do better things and care about your partner in a way that puts their needs first. Sharing smiles and tears, but fully knowing that you are there for each other, to be a lover, a friend, an advocate, a cheer leader, an inspiration or a shoulder to lean on. Devin: It is my belief that God is love and as much as we are able to love ourselves and love one another, we become closer to God. Love is the unconditional acceptance of another and the hope that they will be happy, free and fulfilled. This is what I wish most for my husband Brian on his journey through life and beyond.

What do you love most about each other?

Brian: I love how beautiful Devin is…how when something makes her happy or something makes her smile, her eyes light up and show an amazing shade of brown that somehow isn’t there

normally. I love how caring she is and how she is truly concerned for the well being of everyone she meets. Devin: I am madly in love with Brian’s wit, tenacity, integrity, and charm. I love his physical and mental strength, the way he loves God, his family and all things that are wild. I love how he finds adventure in every corner of this world and most of all I love the way he makes me want to be a better human, a better wife, and a better Christian.

When did you know you were in love?

Brian: I knew I loved Devin in many ways right from the start, but the funny thing about love is that as it progresses, it gives you a new definition of what it is almost every day. What I thought of as “being in love” in the beginning pales in comparison to what I know as “being in love” now. I look forward to seeing what it will be like five years from now and 20 years after that.

Devin: In all honesty, I felt like I knew Brian when I met him. It was like any rush they describe in a novel. Although I tried to rationalize this experience as a moment of infatuation, it didn’t take me long to say those three little words and saying them felt so incredibly right, true and binding.

love} stories

Love is being with someone that brings out the best in you. It makes you want to be a better person, do better things and care about your partner in a way that puts their needs first.



oman.com  43

love} stories

I felt like I knew Brian when I met him. It was like any rush they describe in a novel. Wedding Details

We had our wedding at our home on Whiskey Jack Trail in Whitefish. It was an outdoor affair complete with intimacy, sunshine after a pouring rain, tears of joy, an abundance of greenery, a lot of lace and antler sheds for a Montana flare. We went with an 1800’s theme with all of the necessary props as you can see in the photos that were so beautifully shot by Leah Manzari. Devin’s hair was styled by Monica Saint from Red Union Salon. Having only our immediate family as our guests, we were able to truly feel at ease and thoroughly engage with everyone present. Devin’s brother Rob eloquently committed us to marriage under a birch arch in our backyard and Devin’s niece Hannah made Brian’s wedding band on a wood lathe. Despite having a small-scale wedding, a great deal of planning went into creating the perfect setting and ambiance for our big day, and for that, we have our good friend Criswell Abel to thank who not only planned every detail, but made the most amazing floral arrangements, bouquets and boutonnieres. Piggy Back BBQ and the Whitefish Hostel provided an amazing meal for us and Celebrate did a great job of setting the scene. We are so grateful to all of our vendors for making our day so special.

Fun facts

Brian and Devin have traveled to six of the seven continents and upwards of 50 different countries between them. Brian enjoys working on a ’57 Chevy that he has owned since high school and Devin loves singing and songwriting. They both enjoy collecting and reading books, hiking in the park and planning future travel. Their cat owns them (kidding, but not really).

Honeymoon plans

As Brian spends his last season working on the east side in Glacier, we have been spending a great deal of time climbing peaks, hiking trails and enjoying all of the wonder the park has to offer. In many ways, we have considered this as the perfect honeymoon, but we do plan to take a trip in the late fall to Costa Rica for some beach time and Patagonia for some mountain time.


44 406


Photos Courtesy Hope Kauffman

On Thursday, June 14, 2018, The Lodge at Whitefish Lake hosted the third annual Renegade Runway fashion show and summer kick-off party, Havana Nights, raising over $8,000 for Flathead Valley children non-profits.

“We are so fortunate to be able to put on an event like this at the Lodge. From engineering the runway and pool site to the countless hours spent on marketing and planning the event details, the Lodge team truly brings the heat when it comes to throwing a party for a purpose,” says event founder Fabienne Averill.

This year’s non-profits included: Alpine Theatre Project, Sparrow’s Nest of Northwest Montana, Stumptown Art Studio, Children’s House Montessori School, SBG Gorilla Booster Club and Whitefish Public Schools. The goal from the beginning with Renegade Runway was to put on a real show, something you don’t see everyday here and then put a “Made In Montana” stamp on it. Add to it that it generates some good money to help some great non-profits and it’s a win!


Owners, Becky Rygg with sister boutiques, Harlow & Harlette and Jordana Woodland with Naked Princess joined Fabienne with The Mercantile at The Lodge as participating showcased vendors.

48 406


Andi Anderson and Erika Nuno from Soucie Salon, Emily Meyers with EmJ Cosmetics and Criswell Abel from the Spa at Whitefish Lake graciously donated their time to transform 12 models into runway perfection for the event.

“Working closely the day of the event with Lodge Event Coordinator, Allison Standiford to bring Fabienne's vision to life was a dream. This magical night had all the elements a fantastic party should... beautiful women, handsome gentlemen, divine food, G.H. Mumm Champagne, couture fashion, and best of all, generous fundraising in a setting like no other,” says Criswell. The show opened with Aimee Bartell, an Ultra Angel and model, cloaked in a Pendleton blanket and fringed 4 inch heals. Then…Pow! Blankets gone and all that’s left is 5'9" of bod and a beaded bikini circling the pool in rhythmic perfection. Each model followed suit including local celeb, Halladay Quist, in her playful sexy swagger and local business owner, Stacey Ingham, causing quite the eruption from her fans at center stage.

Next, Naked Princess models rocked it in vibrant and sexy pajamas, lingerie and loungewear that played off the Havana beat.

The show was capped off with a lively collection from Harlow & Harlette. From Latin-themed attire to whimsical summer dresses, models breezed and twirled past onlookers cooling the steamy Havana atmosphere.

The Lodge lawn, pool, patio and Tiki Bar were transformed into a Cuban oasis complete with vintage 1955 light blue Chevy, crystal blue water, palms, fragrant citrus, mood lighting and even a cigar lounge. VIP guests enjoyed poolside seating, complimentary Mojitos and Cuban fare.

Additionally, a pre- and post-show “pop up” shopping venue allowed guests to peruse merchandise provided by runway vendors with a portion of the day’s purchases going to beneficiaries. The night was hot! Party-goers danced on the runway with Havana beats provided by live DJ, Side Car Audio and enjoyed Cuban cuisine Street Tacos courtesy of Executive Chef Thomas Newton from the Boat Club. The Tiki Bar and Boat Club Lounge both provided a great view along with cocktail service and fresh food and snacks late into the evening. Is it worth it? Planning an event for months, crafting a vision, reeling in the troops, upsetting the applecart from time to time? “You bet!” says Fabienne. “All my gratitude and love for the models, vendors, sponsors and staff who jump in and make this fun event happen. Thank you, thank you.”

Although the palms are gone, plans are already being laid for Renegade Runway 4. For updates on the 2019 event as well as more hot photos from Havana Nights, check our Instagram page @ RenegadeRunway…and feel free to add your own photos from the party!



oman.com  49

Going to the Sun Gallery proudly Features Brandie Glauber and Diane Whitehead

Brandie Glauber is a long time resident of Whitefish. Attending Whitefish middle school and graduating from Whitefish High School in 2002, and attending FVCC in 2002 to 2004. She is co Owner of Going to The Sun Gallery with her mother and Artist Rochelle A. Lombardi. She is a jewelry maker and designer.

Diane Whitehead is highly praised for her strong brushstrokes and bold use of color; both of which make her work come alive.

406 contents featured 20. Kari Peiffer

24. Coastal Cruisin'


30. William Finnegan Barbarian Days: A Surfing Life

business 28. I Want Her Job Gilly Macmillan





10. Direct Source and Imperial Granite & Quartz

44. Back to School


46. Wall Deformities

18. HK Painting 38. CT Morris Montana Unveiled

48. Should you Trust your Doctor? 52. Pilates

32. Changed Lives Unsung Hero


54. Birth Control Choosing The Right One

40. Maya Pedal

36. Estate Planning Beneficiary Designations

56. Why People Really Visit The Chiropractor 58. Pain in the Neck? 60. Razor Bumps and Ingrown Hair 62. Baby Friendly North Valley Hospital 64. It takes a Village

Published by Skirts Publishing six times a year 704 C East 13th St. #138  Whitefish, MT 59937 info@406woman.com CopyrightŠ2018 Skirts Publishing


58 406


View current and past issues of 406 Woman at w w w . 4 0 6 W o m a n . c o m



Q&A with

Direct Source and Imperial Granite & Quartz


62 406


What is the difference between between quartz and granite for countertops?Â

Quartz is a manufactured material made up of ground natural quartz and resin. Its appearance tends to have a consistent pattern and is environmentally friendly. Quartz is also low maintenance and very durable. Granite is a natural stone and quarried from all over the world. Granite has natural veining and each piece is unique like a work of art. Although annual sealing helps, granite must be cleaned with a mild cleanser and stains must be avoided. The cost varies widely between Quartz and Granite, dependent upon style and availability.


Not only are we able to create interactive 3D drawings and images of your space, showing our products and how they function in person offers a first-hand experience, engaging all the senses.

Why should you have a professional cabinet installation?

When designing a space, the details can take a space from ordinary to extraordinary. Working with a professional installer who understands how these details are executed saves you time and money, while also maintaining the integrity of the design.

How do you assist you customers in the visualization of a project to assist in ordering?

Many customers tell us, “I just cannot imagine what the final product will look like.” Not only are we as designers able to create interactive 3D drawings and images of your space, showing our products and how they function in person offers a first-hand experience, engaging all the senses.

What is your background and how does it relate to design and construction?

Rocheal: Construction is in my blood; my grandfather and father were both builders. I spent my youth on various jobsites watching a house come together and often had the opportunity to do odd jobs. I was always taught that hard work and attention to detail set you apart. As I got older I found joy in

hosting parties and cooking so it only made sense for me to become a kitchen designer where I could assist others in creating their dream spaces to host family and friends. After 10 years each project is exciting and a new opportunity to create something special for someone.

Women in Building, a select council through National Association of Homebuilding, the construction industry is reaching out and finding a wealth of knowledge, creativity, leadership and dedication to all trades.

Rebecca: With 15 years in real estate and construction lending, I learned the ins and outs of the construction process quickly. More importantly, the relationships I built with contractors and trades specialists allowed me consistent access into their world of schedules, product, quality and design. Lending and my positions with the Local, State and National Association of Homebuilders lead me to working with my husband Rich in our business Direct Source Cabinets and later, partnering with family members Hollie and Brian Timmons in our creation of Imperial Granite and Quartz. Making houses and buildings into individual homes and spaces is very satisfying.

Discuss the integral ways women’s roles have grown in the construction industry.

Women are powerful trailblazers who support the building industry in every conceivable role, I.E. banking, manufacturing, design, sales, education and much more! Through many avenues such as Professional

Direct Source Cabinets 160 Kelly Road, Kalispell, MT 406.728.8099 3495 W Broadway Ste A Missoula, MT 59808


Imperial Granite & Quartz 3495 West Broadway Ste B, Missoula, MT 406.926.1920


oman.com  63

A SEPTEMBER TRADITION When it’s September in the Flathead Valley many residents look forward to pleasant days, cooler nights, fall colors, and the annual Parade of Homes. Cohosted by Sliters and Flathead Building Association (FBA), the 2018 Parade of Homes is slated for Friday, Sept 7th through Sunday, Sept 9th. This year’s event features 11 custom homes by some of the valley’s best contractors including a beautiful modern farmhouse overlooking Foys Lake, two mountainside homes with stunning views in Lakeside, a home in the new Rosewater waterski lakes community right in the heart of our valley, a stunning Ironhorse mountain home, two Whitefish Hills retreats, a quaint cottage, a stately home in Silverbrook, and a home in Columbia Fall’s new Timber Ridge development.

Somer Treat & Jon Krack of Old Montana Building Company say they love the Parade of Homes because they get to show off what they have been doing all year long. They are always proud of the work they do, but crew at Old Montana Building Company are always quick to also praise their awesome


66 406


subcontractors. Without them, their company would not have had the successes they have enjoyed.

The Old Montana Building Company Parade of Homes entry this year is a modern farmhouse situated on 20 acres on Granite Hill overlooking Foys Lake. The home was constructed with firewise materials, which would help the home be more defensible in the event of a wildfire. The interior of the home features a lot of metal and locally sourced vertical grain wood (from RBM Lumber). There is a brass and glass fireplace, lots of concrete, and lots of windows. Treat says she loved working on this home. “When our customers want to try something new, it makes my job so much fun and exciting.” The Old Montana Building Company is pleased and proud to be a member of the Flathead Building Association. The group feels like a close-knit group and they get a lot of support from the people and members who show up on their projects. There is a lot

By Mary Wallace

of respect between competitors in the membership. FBA Executive Director, Jessie Walthers, has close to two years under her belt at the organization and Treat says she has been a wonderful addition to the team. “She has the perfect personality to coordinate all of the events and she came from outside the building trades so she had no preconceived notions and has just gone with the flow.” Old Montana Building Company believes that it is fun for those who take the annual Parade of Homes tour to see what is new in the building industry.

Westcraft Homes is pleased to present two homes in this year’s Parade of Homes; both are in the Silverbrook subdivision located on Hwy 93 between Whitefish and Kalispell. The first home is a cottage, which, following recent trends, has a smaller footprint and contains many high-quality finishes, and cottage style features. The second entry is a new Westcraft Homes design with the living area and master bedroom on the main floor, and bonus rooms

Westcraft Homes, photo by Amanda Wilson Photography




“The Flathead Building Association is a tremendous resource to both

builders and customers in the Flathead Valley.” Michaels loves that so many

FBA members are so involved in the community (both individually and collectively). “Community is what

the Flathead Building Association is all about,” says Michaels. “What the

FBA does best is to help connect home buyers with the quality builders who

Jon Krack and Somer Treat, Old Montana Building Co, and bedrooms on the second level. Westcraft Homes designer, Rhonda Michaels, is excited to announce Westcraft Home's new Sales Center where interested customers can find information on all five of Westcraft's communities and their Exclusive Home Plans. “The Parade of Homes is always a great way to showcase our work,” said Michaels.

can best fulfill their building needs.”

Marc Daniels recently described the Big Mountain Builders Parade of Homes entry: “Luxury! This home took three years to design to perfection for an amazing young and hip family. They moved here from Seattle and had a vision to incorporate modern luxury into their new home. If any family deserves such an amazing home; it's this family.”

Big Mountain Builders prides itself on the highest quality and top-notch customer service. Marc believes that one of the reasons for their success is their constant communication with their clients, being able to stay within the client's budgets and making sure they deliver the exact product they visualized from the beginning. Part of this successful process is their amazing Design Coordinator, Inge Westcraft Homes has been in the Flathead Cahill, who has been on board for three Valley since 2004 when the family owned years now and is able to really get to business purchased their first parcel of land know their clients in depth and help known as Northland. Owners, Marvin Galts them bring their vision to reality. and Brenda Wilkins, with dedicated design, production, sales, warranty and service Big Mountain Builders made its debut in the teams are committed to Westcraft Homes' 2008 Parade of Homes. That Parade entry customers. Their philosophy is simple: Build was located in Whitefish and there were over creative Montana homes with unique features 20 homes that year. Since then, Big Mounand exceptional quality to support the needs tain Builders has entered a home in the Parade every year except in 2017 and that was of Flathead Valley homeowners. “The Flathead Building Association is a tremendous resource to both builders and customers in the Flathead Valley.” Michaels loves that so many FBA members are so involved in the community (both individually and collectively). “Community is what the Flathead Building Association is all about,” says Michaels. “What the FBA does best is to help connect home buyers with the quality builders who can best fulfill their building needs.”

strictly due to weather delays over the winter. The Big Mountain Builders crew really enjoys meeting everyone attending the Parade and, what's even better, is seeing familiar faces every year at the event. Not only is it rewarding for their team to showcase their work and get great exposure, but meeting amazing people makes it all worth it.

Big Mountain Builders has been a member of the Flathead Building Association since 2008. The FBA has been such a great resource for their company and they've developed some valued friendships with other builders and subcontractors/suppliers. Marc served on the FBA Board of Directors for three years which he says really gave him a great appreciation for what the Association does.

Ryan Lipka and Lipka Builders are new members of the Flathead Building Association. They have been in the valley for three years and with three brothers involved in their company, they are proud to be a family affair. This is Lipka Builder’s first Parade of Homes entry.


Lipka Builders constructs high-end custom homes. They practice green building techniques and incorporate as many energy effi-


oman.com  67



Marc and Michelle Daniels, Big Mountain Builders

The FBA serves the community by being a directory and resource to find trust-worthy, licensed, experienced builders, and professionals. It’s the place to go to find talented, skilled, reputable, knowledgeable building professionals, for their home or garden or building needs.

cient products as possible into their projects. They are unique in that they use ICF foundations and they self-perform most of the work on their homes.

The Lipka Builders 2018 Parade of Homes entry is a single-level ranch home located in the Timber Ridge Subdivision off Hwy 40. This home is a smaller home with many quality high-end finishes. Ryan says there has been a trend toward smaller homes that feature more efficient use of space, and that is what makes this lovely home one that many buyers could afford. Lipka Builders is proud to be a member of the Flathead Building Association. They like that member contractors must meet certain requirements to become a member and this helps potential customers have confidence in hiring a member company for their project. The Flathead Building Association helps both contractors and clients by matching the right contractor to the right projects – a win/win for both parties.

According to Walthers, the Flathead Building Association is celebrating their 40-year anniversary in 2018. She shared some of the ways the FBA seeks to support the community and its members.


68 406


It promotes ethical and professional standards for builders, contractors, subcontractors and related suppliers and business.

It’s an excellent resource for those in the building industry: for education, training, safety, networking, and marketing.

The FBA serves the community by being a directory and resource to find trust-worthy, licensed, experienced builders, and professionals. It’s the place to go to find talented, skilled, reputable, knowledgeable building professionals, for their home or garden or building needs. The FBA and its members strive to give back to the community here in the Flathead. They are a part of the fabric of the community, many in business for generations or decades. They give extensively in their own businesses and service, as well as through the FBA with their generous support of the annual John and Joe Norrish Memorial Scholarship program, and the Student Built House. Two well-known programs hosted by the FBA each year include the Annual Home and Garden Showcase at the fairgrounds in March, and the Parade of Homes in September.

This fall, the FBA is proud to host a new Building Trades Education Series. Classes are free and are designed for those working in or with an interest in the building profession or trades. The first two seminars include “Glass: Egress Specs, Shower Enclosures, and More” on Tuesday, October 23rd and “House-Wraps and Flashing Techniques” on Tuesday November 13th.

The FBA Education Series is sponsored by FBA Members Sliters, Aluma Glass, Builders First Source, and Central Heating Cooling Plumbing and Electrical. Classes are free, but the FBA requests attendees RSVP by calling 406-752-2422. All classes will be held at the FBA office at 309 S. Main St. in Kalispell. Winter Courses will also be offered on January 15th and February 12th, with topics to be announced.


The 2018 Parade of Homes is coming up September 7-9, 2018. Tickets are $12 at local pre-sale outlets or $15 at the door or online. More information on the Flathead Building Association and the 2018 Parade of Homes can be found at www.buildingflathead.com.


Artisan Craftsmen in the Painting Profession By Mary Wallace

HK Painting is on a mission to change perceptions of the painting profession – painters are not only artists but trained tradesman. It is that of art and science, that colors most every living and working space there is.

Ian Hundley and Ervin Kertusha, owners of HK painting, pride themselves in being experienced, dedicated, motivated, dependable, punctual, and an honest painting company that is committed to providing affordable painting solutions with impressive results. The focus is on the customers. Ian, born and raised in Kalispell, enjoys spending his free time with his family; girlfriend and three children. Fishing, camping, playing music, and anything involving the outdoors in this beautiful place we call home, Montana.

Ervin was born in Albania, moved to Milan, Italy after the collapse of the communist regime to paint alongside his father at 11 years old. His role models are his parents. Their hard work set a fantastic example, as now Ervin's passions are marketing, research and development, and finding new efficient ways to grow and improve their company. He just welcomed his first child, a son in July.

HK Painting is focused on using only the best and safest paints available. Their customer base demands it. HK was voted the best painting contractor in the Flathead Valley in 2017 and is determined on maintaining the satisfaction of their customers.

A peek at www.hkpainting-mt.com or their Facebook page reveals many of their high-end residential, industrial, and commercial projects (including the Firebrand Hotel in Whitefish and Springhill Suites in Kalispell). Some of their specialties are Venetian plaster, faux finishes, stains, and epoxy. Their portfolio includes interior and exterior work, trim, doors and windows, epoxy flooring, and furniture projects.


70 406


The Center for Sustainability and Entrepreneurship at Whitefish High School. Photo by Amanda Wilson Photography

“Our goal is to exceed your expectations with excellent painting and great customer service! As an experienced painting contractor, we are passionate about working diligently on every project to ensure customer satisfaction every step of the way. From punctuality to impeccable attention to detail, we are your source for a quality paint job. Whether you need painting for new construction or want to recoat the paint in an existing home, trust the experts at HK Painting to get the job done right the first time!"



Finding Joy Happiness Again

Kari Peiffer

By Mary Wallace Photo by Amanda Wilson Photography

No one is more excited about the start of the school year than the teachers at the new Jeanette Rankin Elementary School! Even though fourth grade teacher, Kari Peiffer, is enjoying her summer and lamenting a little bit about the ‘back-to-school’ sales no one ever seems to be ready for, she still can hardly wait for the upcoming Teacher Meet & Greet, Ribbon Cutting and Rankin Raptor Reveal Ceremony on August 28th. The new school will feature, alongside some traditional classrooms around the outer perimeter, a pod system that allows work across all grades in science, math, reading, and even a maker’s space. There are open areas for students to do independent work, and according to Kari, ‘lots of other cool things that will be in place when the school opens this fall.’ The district really listened to the students, teachers, administrators, and parents when they designed Kalispell’s newest elementary school. The new school will accommodate approximately 375 students and many of the classrooms are already full. The school has approximately three classrooms each for Kindergarten thru Fifth grades. Even more exciting is the amazing staff that she gets to work with. They are all as enthused as the kids. The school music teacher has already written two school songs and the technology guru has been busy planning the computer lab, website, and STEM programs. There are just so many DOERS on the staff!


Peiffer, when pressed, says she wishes parents knew how very much teachers love their kids.

72 406


They are not the “mean” taskmaster. They truly do care about not only the education, but also the wellbeing of each and every child in their class. Time and again, Peiffer and her co-workers have spent their own money to provide shoes, clothes, Christmas gifts, haircuts, and school supplies for their students. Time and again, they provide support and encouragement, often outside school hours, for the ones who need it. After 23 years, she loves seeing former students, some so grown up she doesn’t even recognize them, but they remind her of some small, seemingly insignificant thing she did for them that obviously made a difference at the time! Something that not a lot of people know about Kari Peiffer is that it was a bit of an accident that she even became a teacher. She started college at the University of Montana seeking a political science degree and got herself a work-study position at the campus daycare/preschool. She had an epiphany one day: political science was not really all that interesting and working with kids was WAY more fun! She switched college majors and obtained her Bachelor of Arts in Elementary Education and her Master’s degree

in Teaching/Practical Experience. Not surprisingly, she has never wanted to become an administrator – that would take her away from the classroom and away from the kids. She started as a music/PE teacher, then spent a couple years teaching a combination 1st/2nd grade class. She taught second grade for nine years and fifth grade for 10 years. This will be her first year teaching 4th grade. Kari spent her early years in Anaconda and her family moved to the Flathead valley when she was 13 years old. Her father worked for the smelter in Anaconda and worked as a carpenter after they moved here. Her mother was a nurse. She has two younger brothers – one who lives here and one lives in Nebraska.

Kari met her husband, Scott, after graduating from high school. They carried on a long-distance relationship while she attended college and they were married for 18 years. They had two sons – Brady, who is attending Montana State University in engineering this fall, and Casey, who will be a sophomore at Glacier High School this year.


Kari Peiffer

At the beginning, time was the enemy. Every minute after Scott was gone seemed to take them further away from him. Kari, at one point, realized that she seemed to be stuck in the grieving process, and she reached out for help. One thing she learned in the process of grieving and healing is to be patient with herself and her kids. Sadly, the family was devastated when Scott Peiffer died in an auto accident six years ago. Her boys were 12 and 10 years old. Kari credits all the support from her parents and Scott’s family, from neighbors and friends, and from co-workers, and from the community that held them up in the first year. There were so many stalwart supporters that were part of the group that helped the family keep up with some of the same activities they had enjoyed with Scott and move forward. They were so uplifted and by all of the support of so many, by the memorial fund, by the wonderful words everyone shared about memories of Scott. He was a good man and they had had a good life. At the beginning, time was the enemy. Every minute after Scott was gone seemed to take them further away from him. Kari, at one point, realized that she seemed to be stuck in the grieving process, and she reached out for help. One thing she learned in the process of grieving and healing is to be patient with herself and her kids.

Not surprisingly, it was their young sons who kept her going. They seemed compelled to step in to take over as ‘men of the house’ and even to care for their mother however they could. There were lots of nearly too real conversations in which they realized as a family that Scott would not have wanted them to let this ruin their lives and a decision to resist being victims in favor of being survivors. Kari feels, more than anything, that Brady & Casey’s father would be pleased and proud.

Part of their healing process included donating most of the money that they had received from the community in Scott’s memory to the Kid’s Sports Complex. Because Scott was an avid sports fan and youth sports coach, they were heartened when the Scott Peiffer Memorial T-Ballers League was created to carry on his coaching legacy.

for their first three years, and she sits on the Teacher’s Retirement Board.

Her bucket list includes a few adventures – she would like to raft the Grand Canyon, go on a safari in South Africa, and travel around Europe.

Kari bought a cabin near Bitterroot Lake a year after Scott passed away. At first glance, Kari felt Scott’s presence; almost that he had found it for her and clearly was saying, “Buy this place!” She did and it has been a haven for her and the boys these past few years.

Her heart sings as she watches her sons grow into fine young men! Today, Brady & Casey are her pride and joy, and with their blessing, she has been enjoying a new relationship with a friend, Brad Elliott, whom she was introduced to by her caring neighbors. After three years of a long distance relationship, Brad recently relocated to the Flathead Valley from Emmett, Idaho. Life is good . . . different, but good. Kari hopes to be teaching for years to come. One of her most rewarding things is participating in what is called the Induction Program, which involves teaching and mentoring second year teachers as they try to make their way after their whirlwind first year of teaching. She also serves as a mentor to new teachers

“Take time to find what brings you peace,” suggests Kari. “This is time you should give to yourself.” For Kari, that is driving out to the lake cabin . . . she allows her troubles to melt away on the drive out there. Life is good… different, but oh so good.

Courtesy Photos on this page - top right Casey, Kari, Scott and Brady Peiffer; top right Brady, Kari and Casey Peiffer at Bitterroot Lake; bottom right Brad Elliott and Kari Peiffer at a recent trip to San Francisco.



oman.com  73


Coastal Cruisin' By Jaymee Sire Photos by Justin Aharoni

Road Tripping down Highway 101 Highway 101 is always something I’ve said I wanted to do, but somehow never got around to actually doing. It takes some time, some patience, and a sense of adventure from your road trip partner, but it is totally worth it. We started our 101 journey in Astoria, Oregon, making our way all the way down the coast and into the Redwoods of Northern California. The trip took us just two days, as it was part of a longer road trip, but I would recommend blocking out at least four days to really stop and take in the sights. Of course, the best part of a road trip is choosing your own adventures along the way. But that said, it’s helpful to have a rough game plan, so moving North to South, here’s a detailed list of the places we stopped: Astoria & Cannon Beach (aka Goonie Beach): Astoria is the backdrop for the movie Goonies and Haystack Rock is the starting point for the boys' famous treasure map. The rock is adjacent to the beach, shooting up 235 feet into the air and accessible by foot at low tide. Astoria is an adorable little town, so if you have extra time, it would be fun to explore it more and even stay overnight.


76 406


Tillamook Cheese Factory: Being the cheese lover I am, Tillamook Cheese Factory was a must-stop. They recently opened a brand-new visitors center, but whatever you do, don’t skip the cheese samples. They also have a store on site, where we picked up some cheese curds and some local beer & cider.

Lincoln City: Hwy 101 Burger: Another 45 miles down the road, you will come to Lincoln City, Oregon. Hwy 101 Burger is conveniently located right on the highway, so it’s the perfect place to stop if you are hungry and don’t have a ton of time or money. You can get a burger, fries and a soda for just seven bucks! The burgers are never frozen and served pretty simply. The fries also come with their special fry sauce, which they will write your name in with ketchup, a fun touch (even if they totally botched mine.) It's also walking distance from Siletz Bay if you want to make it a longer stop. Heceta Head Lighthouse: Supposedly, this is the most photographed lighthouse in the country, so we figured it was definitely worth a photo op. It is a working lighthouse, and it, along with the Innkeeper's home are circa 1894 and listed on the National Registry of Historic Places. It was pretty cold and rainy, so it was a fairly quick stop for us, but in better conditions, a great place to stretch

your legs and stroll down the beach. You can stay on the property in the light keeper’s cottages (complete with a 7-course breakfast!), so if you are needing a good stopping point for the day, this seems like a wonderful bed & breakfast (B&B) to wake up. From there, the rain really started coming down, and we didn't really stop for another 160 miles. Somehow, we made it all the way to Brookings, Oregon in one day.

Brookings: Mermaid's Muse During the drive, I stumbled across a small B&B that was listed on Air Bnb called The Mermaid's Muse. It is unique and eclectic, with mermaids everywhere. The big selling factor for me was a saltwater hot tub overlooking the ocean. We ended up using it both that evening before passing out in the four-poster bed, and also in the morning before setting off for the Redwoods.

The Redwoods Waking up refreshed, Justin and I continued along our Great Northwest Road Trip with a drive through one of California’s Redwood forests. There are three species of Redwoods, but the Coastal Redwoods are the tallest living things on our planet. The tallest ever recorded stood 360 feet in the air, which is the height of a 36-story building just to give some perspective. But they aren’t just tall; they are true


giants, measuring up to 18 and sometimes even 20 feet wide. The oldest ones have been around for thousands of years.

Wanting to stick to our route down Highway 101, we continued on through Del Norte Coast and Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park, where you will see the aforementioned Coastal Sequoias. We skipped any of the “attractions” that charged money (i.e. Trees of Mystery or Drive Through Tree) and instead opted for nature trails where we could truly just stand in awe of these natural works of art. Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park: This park is located between Crescent City and Eureka. There are plenty of options for trails and hiking within this forest, but definitely do not miss the Big Tree Loop. The leisurely walk is a little over three miles round trip, and you will get to see some of the biggest Redwoods in the park while getting some crisp, fresh air and a chance to stretch your legs. You start at the Prairie Creek Trail, continue on to the Big Tree Area and finish on the Cathedral Tree Trail. “Big Tree” is marked with a park sign,

Road Tripping

but ironically isn’t even the biggest tree you’ll see on your hike.

The entire forest floor is blanketed with lush ferns and moss, and the way the light beams in through the mist feels somewhat magical and eerie all at the same time. Every once in awhile, you will come across a hollowed out trunk with exposed roots, making you realize just how massive these trees truly are.

Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park also happens to be home to a large herd of Roosevelt Elk. Keep your eyes peeled for wildlife, or the numerous vehicles likely pulled off on the side of the road trying to catch a glimpse of these beautiful creatures. Patrick’s Point State Park: We decided some fresh ocean air and a short hike would make the perfect next stop. One of the park rangers recommended Patrick’s Point. The hike out to the water is a relatively short one, and it’s a wonderful spot to watch the waves crash and see some of the coastal sequoias leaning over the cliffs.



oman.com  77


Road Tripping

Trinidad: The next town after Patrick’s Point is Trinidad, California. We were bordering on hangry by this point so we basically stopped in at the first restaurant we saw which was Trinidad Bay Eatery & Gallery. It turned out to be a great meal where we ordered a giant bread bowl with piping hot clam chowder and a “Crabby Melt.” It was a delicious and satisfying lunch, and I wouldn’t hesitate recommending it (the housemate fudge is supposedly very popular). However, as we started walking around the boardwalk area near the replica Trinidad Lighthouse, it dawned on me that my good friend Tiffany had recommended a *different* restaurant in Trinidad…. The Lighthouse Grill is “the home of the mashed potato cone.” Yes, it’s exactly what it sounds like. It’s a savory waffle cone stuffed with mashed potatoes and topped with bacon, cheese, slow cooked brisket and topped off with gravy. Once I realized my mistake, I was having major food remorse. I’m including here so you have both restaurants as options.


78 406


Eureka: Another lunch option would be to head a few more miles down the road to Eureka and check out Samoa Cookhouse. It is there you will find Samoa Cookhouse claims to be the “last surviving Cookhouse in the West.” Everything is served “lumberjack style.” (We did not eat here, but I received several recommendations on Twitter, so I thought I would pass it along!)

Santa Rosa & Sonoma: By the time we drove through Santa Rosa, it was getting pretty late, but I couldn’t pass through without stopping into Russian River Brewing Company. If you are a beer geek, then you already know this is the home of Pliny the Elder (and also Pliny the Younger at certain times of the year.) They also have a full menu in case you’d like to do a little beer flight and have dinner. They sell most of their beers to go, so we grabbed a couple bottles to enjoy at our hotel later that night in Sonoma. (We stayed at El Pueblo Inn, which was a perfect way to cap off this part of the trip.) Of course, if you are a wine lover, I recommend

staying in Sonoma for a few days to explore wine country, but that is an article for another time.

Jaymee Sire

Jaymee grew up in North Central Montana and is an Emmy Award winning sports broadcaster, former ESPN SportsCenter anchor, and occasional Food Network contributor. She also writes a food and travel blog called “e is for eat.” (eisforeat.com)


I Want Her Job

Gilly Macmillan Best-Selling Author

By Brianne Perleberg and Becca Mulhill, I Want Her Job

Gilly Macmillan wrote her first novel, What She Knew, as a challenge to herself. Sitting down with a goal of 1,000 words a day, she spent time extracting her story day after day after day — without any formal education. But, Gilly believed in herself and gave the task everything she could. A handful of queries later, and just as she was about to move on from this particular ambition, she received an email from an agent, and that relationship turned into a New York Times bestseller. Gilly’s story is the stuff of dreams. In today’s interview, we speak with her about her newest novel, Odd Child Out, and her creative career that’s taken her from selling contemporary art in a commercial art gallery to working on the staff of a historic art history publication. We also discuss that “finished book” feeling, why she prefers writing in the morning and her advice as to what can really make someone a better writer.

You started your career as a historian. Can you explain your career path since then?

I did my first degree, followed by a master’s degree, in art history. I didn’t know it at the time, but I’m now convinced studying paintings, sculpture and architecture taught me how to write. My degrees were essentially a four-year masterclass in how to translate and interpret what you see in front of you into words on a page. It’s not a million miles away from what I do when I write my novels.

After graduation, I worked for a commercial art gallery selling contemporary art and then a magazine called The Burlington Magazine, a very well respected and historic art history publication. It was and still is based in a building that looks out onto a lovely, old, cobbled London street. You could sometimes feel as if you were in a different century. Staff would joke that the magazine had more footnotes than subscribers. My job was to support the editorial staff and organize book reviews. I loved it.


80 406


My next job was in the Exhibitions Department in London’s Hayward Gallery. That was thrilling. I worked for the Head of Exhibitions and was involved in some big shows, including Francis Bacon and Henri Cartier-Bresson.

Once I’d had my daughter, I took some years out to raise my family and eased back into work after the birth of my third child by teaching photography part-time. I lost that job after a short while as one of my children was diagnosed with a very serious illness, but once he recovered I decided I might try to write. It turned out to be a great decision in the end, although I wasn’t to know that at the time, and I felt embarrassed by it at first because it seemed like such a cliché! I was motivated to keep going because I had lost a lot of confidence in my abilities in the professional workplace after spending so much time at home, and writing seemed like a good way back into taking myself seriously and applying myself to something.

Did you ever think you would end up being a writer full-time?

No. I had done my research and knew how difficult it can be to get an agent, let alone a publisher. I wrote my first novel, What She Knew, almost as a challenge to myself. I had small window of time before financial pressures meant I had to get a ‘real’ job, and I wanted to see if I could produce a whole book in that time. I took the task seriously and worked hard to get that first draft written, with

a goal of 1,000 words each day. As I worked on it, I had to pack away my doubts on a daily, sometimes hourly basis, and get on with it. It wasn’t always easy, because our family circumstances made it difficult to do a creative writing course so I had to teach myself some of the essentials of novelwriting by reading and analyzing books I loved. I never dared to dream it would work out the way it has.

Your novel, What She Knew, is what introduced us to your work. What inspired you to write it?

It’s my goal to get people turning pages. I chose to write a thriller because I love reading them. I read very widely, but nothing gets my heart and mind racing like a good thriller. Because I was short of time when I planned the first draft of What She Knew, I had to make a swift decision on what to write about, so I asked myself: ‘What is your worst nightmare?’ The answer was simple: for one of my children to disappear without a trace. I went with it because I felt confident I could write the story from the point of view of the child’s mother. The detective character, who co-narrates the novel, was written into a later draft, partly because I felt the book needed another voice, and partly because I love detective fiction.


Gilly Macmillan

The first drafts of my books can be an exploration process and I develop both plot and characters as I work. Odd Child Out was no different, so it subsequently went through a thorough editing process before publication.

Your latest novel, Odd Child Out, was recently released. What was the writing process for you like?

What are your thoughts on work/life balance?

Odd Child Out began as an idea about a friendship (I love friendship stories) and I had an intense idea for the very first scene where two best friends are involved in an incident, leaving one of them mute and the other in the coma. Then it was a matter of asking myself some of the questions the book sets out to answer. The first of those were as follows: Who are the boys? What were they doing in a scrapyard beside a canal at midnight? Why did one of them get so badly injured hurt? Some of the characters in Odd Child Out are from a refugee family and this posed an enormous challenge. I spent huge amounts of time researching Somali culture and refugee experiences to try to portray the experiences of my characters with as much empathy and accuracy as I possibly could.

was convinced the rest of my book was terrible, so I told a white lie in my reply to this agent. I explained that I was abroad and couldn’t access my manuscript for a week, but would send it to her when I got home. I shut myself in our home office – it was a rare snowy week, so it had a strange quality, and the kids were off school and swarming the house inconveniently – and worked on the book until it was mostly rewritten. It took six days, after which I sent it off, exhausted. The agent got back to me within a few hours. She said I could write, but the book needed work, and if I was agreeable to editing it with her we should meet to discuss representation.

What does your day to day look like?

What have been some challenges you’ve faced throughout your career?

Can you explain to us the process you went through to get an agent and get your first book published?

How do you stay organized while writing?

My writing process is more chaotic than I would like. I read with envy about writers who can plan their books in advance. I start my novels with a single scene, character or idea in mind and I work out the rest as I’m writing. The act of writing makes me concentrate very intensely, which in turn makes plot ideas flow. Any other attempts to plan find me staring blankly at a blinking cursor on an empty page.

The first drafts of my books can be an exploration process and I develop both plot and characters as I work. Odd Child Out was no different, so it subsequently went through a thorough editing process before publication.

Once I’d finished the first draft of What She Knew, I polished up the first three chapters to the best of my ability and wrote a very short and straightforward query letter for potential agents. I bought The Writers and Artists Yearbook, which is the bible for unpublished writers in the UK. It lists all agents and details the type of work they are looking for. I shortlisted suitable agents and researched them further online. I chose four who accepted online submissions (I wanted to avoid expensive postage costs) and hit the ‘send’ button. I got one rejection within four days and then nothing. Tumbleweed. Christmas came and went and I began to give up hope and peruse the ads for jobs in my local area and think about sending my chapters out more widely. Just as I was about to crack the spine on my Writers and Artists Yearbook for the second time, I got an email from an agent who asked to see the rest of my manuscript. It was such a shock! I panicked. I

We met, I signed and we spent another year working on the manuscript before it was ready for submission to publishers. That process was smoother, thankfully. After submission, I began getting international offers immediately. It was only then that I finally believed it might happen!

Mornings are for writing prose, because my brain is fresh and clear. I’m a morning person and I start as early as I can. As soon as the kids have left the house, I settle down in my office or at a local café to write new material or edit. I do this until my concentration ebbs or I reach a natural break in my work. I walk the dogs after that and have some lunch. If I’m fired up, or if there’s a deadline pressing, I’ll write more in the early afternoon, but more often than not I use the afternoon to research, or read or take care of the business side of being a writer. There are always emails and social media obligations to attend to.

I don’t! Or not very well, at least! I start each novel with excellent intentions: a neat new notepad, carefully labeled files on my desktop and laptop computers, a fresh stack of pens, sharpened pencils and post-it notes. By the end of a book, there are notes stuck all over my wall and desktop, multiple computer files representing multiple drafts or scraps of drafts, heaps of disorganized notes in notepads, on yellow legal paper and sometimes on the back of receipts or envelopes. The one thing I do religiously with each book — and this saves my skin at edit time — is to create a table listing each scene in the book, its narrator, what happens in it and a page number reference. It helps me maintain an overview of the plot, which is especially useful when you’re closely concentrating on one scene or character. It’s easy to lose sight of the whole book otherwise.

What helps you be a better writer? Reading. In all genres.

It’s great if you can achieve it! I believe it’s important; both for mental health and your partner and/or children if you have them. I don’t manage a balance as often as I’d like, but having said that, I’m very fortunate to have had some professional success. I believe you need to work hard to achieve success and then to make the most of any opportunities created by it. The consequence is unavoidable: hard work can lead to sacrifices. Fortunately, my family is very understanding and supportive. I believe it’s a good life lesson for my kids to be involved in how we manage the balance. It’s a challenge they will no doubt face themselves one day. We work together to manage the impact on our family when work’s demanding a great deal of my time and to make up for it when the time is right. We’re a pragmatic bunch!

Holding my nerve is my biggest challenge. Writing is a famously solitary profession and it can sometimes be difficult to keep your confidence levels up. That’s when a good agent is gold dust — and I’m fortunate to be represented by somebody brilliant. It’s also difficult to sustain confidence over the months (usually about 12) that it takes to write a novel. It’s a long time to focus solely on one project. I work hard to keep myself in shape physically, because that helps me stay mentally strong enough to go the whole distance, and to not let those nagging doubts own the day too often.

What is an accomplishment on your resume that you’re particularly proud of?

Teaching photography to teenagers. I loved that job. Not much compares to watching young people successfully print their first photographs in a dark room. That’s a great feeling for them and for their teacher.

What advice do you have for other creatives that are pursuing their dreams?

Hold your nerve; put the needs of the work ahead of your own desires editorially; respect your reader/audience; persist.

What is the best part of your job?

Holding a finished copy of your book in your hand for the first time comes high on the list of possible answers, but the very best thing is connecting directly with readers when they get in touch. That’s a wonderful feeling.


This article originally appeared on IWantHerJob.com.


oman.com  81


Penguin Press

Barbarian Days: A Surfing Life William Finnegan By Susan Schnee, voyageur booksellers

Early in his surfing memoir “Barbarian Days,” William Finnegan refers to the surf “bum” as a “brother of the ski bum.” “My book is about the tension between this obsessive pastime that can swallow your life and is completely socially useless and unjustifiable, and this other impulse to make a living and be a useful part of society.” The New Yorker staff writer and Pulitzer Prize winner’s long-form stories for the magazine, where he has been a staff writer since 1986, send him around the U.S. and abroad. Though lately he’s mostly stayed away from war zones, his work looks broadly at power, conflict and questions of justice. In Barbarian Days, he traces the waves’ calling in his life through an extensive list of locales. His youth in California and Hawaii; a four-year excursion through Guam, Tonga, Fiji, Australia, Southeast Asia and South Africa, then a rising career in journalism in California and New York. Ironically, when it was published in 2015, Barbarian Days became Finnegan’s bestselling and most acclaimed book. It went on to win the Pulitzer and to find a general readership far beyond the niche of hardcore surfers. That’s largely because it’s not a chest thumping memoir of rad surf days but instead a clear-eyed portrait of the interior life of someone following a passion, a portrait of friendships, a coming of age story, and a work of history. While in Hawaii he meets a fellow surfer and literary seeker, Bryan DiSalvatore, who joins him for 15 months on the endless summer tour of the south Pacific. Thus, begins a great friendship


82 406


between two surfers and writers. Upon returning home, both become regulars at the New Yorker, that mecca of intellectually sophisticated, finely written, entertaining magazine articles. And now for the Montana connection which just added so much more to my enjoyment of the book. Bryan eventually ends up at graduate school at the University of Montana, with Finnegan following, attending from 1975 to 1978. Finnegan said he wanted to live in a place away from the coast that had some other specific gravity and “Montana just had had it, it wasn’t just Missoula, it was the whole place.” In the creative writing program, he studied under writers like William Kittredge and Ed McClanahan. Off campus, he learned to ski and got a job at Marshall Mountain. He also admits Missoula is where he learned to drink. “Eddies club was still the axis around which the hard drinking literary scene spun.” I still remember the black and white portraits of all the local writers that lined the walls of the place. Bryan eventually married another writer from my home town of Cut Bank, Deidre McNamer, and still lives, writes and teaches there. Barbarian days delves deeply into the psychological and spiritual complexities of the surfer’s life, along

with the struggle-familiar to any ski bum with offmountain personal and professional ambitionsbetween this outdoor passion and his hopes for life as a writer. Surfing is ill served being described as a sport. “This was a track that led away from citizenship, in the ancient sense of the word, toward a scratched out frontier where we would live as latter-day barbarians.” Surfing creates a tension in the struggle to become a citizen, a responsible grown up, yet also forges intense friendships and experiences. The book follows Finnegan as he chases waves to far flung corners of the world, through his days as an ascetic surf bum and a freelance writer, up through his current life in New York. “Dare I say that we all need Mr. Finnegan as a role model for a life fully, thrilling lived.” Wall St. Journal. This is a beautiful and compelling book written by someone who has spent a lifetime on their craft. Barbarian Days is aimed at a literary rather than surfing audience, so it opens up the experience of catching waves and the myriad other things that make surfing all that it is-people, places, culture, knowledge, time, family, romance, and love.

Copperleaf Chocolat


239 Central Ave. Whitefish Mt. 406-862-9659

Gifts You Would Love to Give locally made artisan chocolates, chocolate bars from around the world, time tested books & leather bound journals. Artie Yellowhorse Native American Designer of Collectible Silver, Turquoise & Gems Jewelry Mary Frances Hand Beaded Embellished Handbags and Scarves. Fabulous Cashmere Sweaters, One of a kind Copper and Enamel Pieces by Swan Valley Copper Company and Vintage cowboy boots.


Changed lives Montana Foster Care Advocates Receive National “Unsung Hero” Award By Kristen Hamilton

A hero saves people. An unsung hero saves people, not under a spotlight, but quietly, with no adoring crowd cheering their name. Sometimes, even the rescued person does not even know who saved them. Bigfork, Montana has two such heroes. Steve and Mary Bryan have impacted the lives of hundreds of children who have suffered abuse and neglect. While the press repeatedly bemoans Montana’s struggling child welfare system, this couple diligently applies their lifetime of business expertise to a social welfare problem… impacting the lives of individuals who will never know their names.


84 406


The number of children requiring foster care is currently at the greatest level in Montana history. At present, nearly 4,000 children have been removed from their homes due to abuse or neglect experienced in their biological families. This is a staggering number for a state with slightly over one million inhabitants. Many of the children removed will never be able to return to their family of origin and there are less than half the families needed to care for these young victims of trauma. In cases where there are no available foster families, a child may be placed in congregate care, with an extended family member who may not be the most appropriate caregiver for the child in the given circumstances, or sometimes with a foster family that is already overcrowded and not able to truly meet the child’s needs. Childhoods pass with children feeling unwanted and unseen. About 10 years ago, Steve and Mary learned of the thousands of Montana children in foster care. While they had no experience with social

work or child welfare, they knew they had to do something… and so they founded Child Bridge, an organization that in just eight years would span across the state and touch thousands of lives. The mission was simple: find foster and adoptive families for Montana’s children in need, and then equip those families with the tools, knowledge and relationships they need to be successful in caring for a child who comes from severe trauma. Steve and Mary believed that by presenting the need for more foster families in faith communities, they could recruit families to care for children in need – and that’s exactly what they did. What started out as a couple’s vision to help children in the Flathead Valley is now a statewide organization with offices in Bigfork, Billings, Bozeman, Butte, Missoula and Great Falls. A staff of 18 carries out the daily work of recruiting foster families and equipping them to care for children who come from hard places. Since its inception, over 700 Montana children


have been cared for by Child Bridge families. Just recently, they celebrated the 85th adoption of a child into a Child Bridge recruited or equipped family. In 2017 alone, over 5,000 instances of adults and children were served at one of Child Bridge’s nine Foster/Adoptive Family Resource Groups across the state. These groups provide vital ongoing education and relationships to families who are caring for children in the foster system. The State of Montana has approved these groups for continuing education credits for foster families, providing a way for these families to maintain their license. This is particularly important in rural Montana communities that, prior to Child Bridge, had no supports for foster/ adoptive families, making retention of these families extremely difficult. Using a customer service approach, Child Bridge offers a realm of ongoing supports for families. The comprehensive way in which Child Bridge surrounds foster and adoptive families with strong, ongoing supports minimizes the potential of disruptions and multiple placements of children and increases the longevity of service of foster parents. Behind every number is a real Montana child with a story, talents and abilities, and sadly, lots of pain. In many cases, the severe abuse or neglect a child has experienced robs them of a childhood and lays on them a heavy weight of shame and worthlessness. Under Steve and Mary’s passion and guidance, hundreds of Montana families have been recruited and equipped to care for these children, learning how to journey alongside them as they process their hurt from the past and begin to dream again for the future. The goal of foster care is always to reunify a child with their biological family. Child Bridge foster families provide temporary care for children, allowing biological families the time and support they need to stabilize. In instances where reunification is not possible, Child Bridge families overwhelmingly adopt the children in their care. Many of these children whose lives have been impacted by a foster or adoptive family will one day credit their new chance at life to a sacrificial family who cared for them in their time of need. But most will never realize that behind their wonderful family is a couple who was their behind the scenes champion. Many of these foster

What started out as a couple’s vision to help children in the Flathead Valley is now a statewide organization with offices in Bigfork, Billings, Bozeman, Butte, Missoula and Great Falls. A staff of 18 carries out the daily work of recruiting foster families and equipping them to care for children who come from hard places. and adoptive families would never have come forward to care for these children if it were not for Steve and Mary’s vision to present the need. The families could have never cared for children with such extreme trauma backgrounds if it were not for the ongoing equipping that Steve and Mary knew someone had to provide… through the Child Bridge team. Under their leadership, innovative programs have been implemented that provide permanency options for children and technology-based solutions that connect interested church members to local children and families in crisis. These innovations provide the State of Montana with improved outcomes for children and significant economic value annually. Yet, the Child Bridge organization remains steadfastly 100% privately funded.

unassuming way in which they are serving Montana children and families. NonProf it PRO is regarded as the go-to source for nonprofit management and strategy for thought leaders and innovators. Each year, Nonprof it PRO accepts nominations for their “Nonprofit Professional of the Year Awards” as a means of honoring some of the nonprofit sector’s best and brightest. While typically each award is given to only one individual, the committee determined to recognize both Steve and Mary as “Unsung Heroes” for their impact on the lives of Montana’s children and families.

In 2016, Child Bridge was recognized as the first Montana organization to receive the Angel in Adoption award by the Congressional Coalition on Adoption Institute (CCAI). The CCAI is the largest nonpartisan, bicameral caucus in the U.S. and serves as a consulting arm to the Senate and Congress on child welfare issues. Each year, the coalition recognizes individuals or organizations who have made extraordinary contributions to the areas of foster care/ adoption, child welfare and permanency with the Angel in Adoption Award.

Statistics show the sobering outcomes for children who turn 18 without a family: 1 in 5 will experience homelessness; fewer than 50% will receive a high school diploma; 71% of women will become single mothers by age 21, 1 in 4 will experience PTSD. By finding families to care for children in their time of need, the work of Child Bridge is providing opportunities for children to have a life that does not follow these statistics – children who will never even know that, somewhere out there, a couple who they never met cared enough about them to dedicate their lives to finding them an outstanding family. They truly are unsung heroes.

Just recently, the Bryan’s were awarded the NonProf it PRO Nonprof it Professionals of the Year “Unsung Hero” award. The founders were nominated by their staff because of the humble,

If you would like Child Bridge tp speak at your church, group or next event, or would like to learn more about foster care in Montana, please contact us: info@childbridgemontana.org



oman.com  85


The Use of Beneficiary Designations as an Estate Planning Tool By Kelly O’Brien, Attorney at Law

Summer in northwestern Montana passes by far too quickly. Those of us living here on a year-round basis have to get out and enjoy the sunshine while it lasts. During these long summer days it is likely that estate planning is not on the top of your list of fun summer activities. However, there are some simple steps you can take right away to help you to get your estate plan in order without taking away too much of your precious time in the summer.

Perhaps one of the easiest and most important things you can do to start organizing your estate is to review your assets to confirm that you have designated beneficiaries for your assets, and that your beneficiary designations are kept up to date. By designating beneficiaries for your assets you can ensure that title to you assets passes upon your death to your family members or charity of your choice, without the need for a probate proceeding.


88 406


Beneficiary Designations Explained

Properly Naming Beneficiaries

You will often see beneficiary designations referred to as Payable on Death (“P.O.D.”), which refers to beneficiary designations for bank accounts such as checking or savings accounts; or as Transfer on Death (“T.O.D.”), which refers to beneficiary designations for stock, bonds, or mutual investment accounts. Beneficiary designations are most commonly used for financial assets such as life insurance, retirement accounts, bank accounts and investment accounts, but they can be used for many different types of assets in Montana, such as real property.

You can name more than one beneficiary for a specific account simply by designating the share or percentage you want to go to each individual. For example, if you want to list your two children as the equal beneficiaries of your bank account then you will specifically name each child as a beneficiary and designate a fifty percent (50%) share to both of them. You may also designate a contingent or “backup” beneficiary to receive a certain account in the event one of your named beneficiaries predeceases you.

A beneficiary designation is essentially a contract wherein you designate a certain individual, such as a child, or even a charity, to receive a specific account or asset upon your death. This creates a contractual agreement wherein the bank or financial institution is obligated to distribute the account or proceeds thereof to the individual you designate as your beneficiary. By naming an individual as a beneficiary of a financial asset, that individual becomes the legal owner, immediately, upon your death without the need for probate.

To designate a beneficiary you will need to execute new signature cards for your bank accounts, or change of beneficiary form directly with the financial institution where the account is held. Each bank or financial institution has its own specific signature card or form you will need to complete. Since every institution has a specific form, it is important to review your beneficiary designations with your estate planning attorney and financial advisor, accountant, broker or life insurance agent to ensure that it accurately reflects your intentions and does not conflict with your overall estate plan.


By designating beneficiaries for your assets you can ensure that title to you assets passes upon your death to your family members or charity of your choice, without the need for a probate proceeding. Naming Minor Children

Montana law does not permit minor children to directly sign for, or receive proceeds, from an account through a beneficiary designation. The Montana Uniform Transfer to Minors Act sets out special rules for naming minors under the age of 21 as owners or beneficiaries of accounts. If you would like to name a minor child there are a few options to consider. Perhaps the easiest option to consider is to name another individual as a custodian for a minor on a certain account directly through the specific financial institution where the account is held. The named custodian will sign for or otherwise manage the account for the minor beneficiary until such time that the minor reaches the age of 21. For other options, such as a separate trust through your estate plan, consult with your estate planning attorney to determine if it fits for your specific situation.

Retirement Accounts

There are unique rules and requirements that apply for retirement accounts. With this in mind, it is especially important to designate a beneficiary for retirement accounts. By naming a spouse or child as a beneficiary for a retirement account, rather than allowing the account to pass through your estate, you can avoid an immediate tax situation upon your death. However, designating the proper beneficiary for retirement plans involves complex tax issues and sometimes family dynamics. Work with your tax advisors and estate planning attorney to ensure that you properly consider the implications and properly name beneficiaries for retirement accounts.

Beneficiary Deeds for Real Property

A Beneficiary Deed is similar to a beneficiary designation on a bank account, but it applies to real property. With a Beneficiary Deed you retain title to your real property during your lifetime but convey an interest in the property to another individual, called a “grantee beneficiary,” to become effective upon your death. You can revoke a Beneficiary Deed or change the named beneficiaries at any time. A Beneficiary Deed is a specific type of deed so it requires all the formalities of a deed, including

recording with the Clerk and Recorder in the county in which the real property is located, in order for the deed to be effective. A Beneficiary Deed permits you to transfer your interest in real estate to heirs and beneficiaries upon death without the need for a probate. Beneficiary Deeds are most effective for estates that are relatively simple and where family members generally get along with one another. While a Beneficiary Deed is not suitable in all situations, it can be an effective tool in transferring interest in real property upon death if executed for the appropriate reasons.

Designate Beneficiaries & Keep the Designations Updated

If you have already designated beneficiaries for your financial assets, review your designations regularly and keep your beneficiaries updated. Make a list of your financial assets, including life insurance policies, retirement accounts, investment accounts, stocks, bonds, and bank accounts, along with the specific beneficiary for each account. If you experience a major life change, such as a divorce, death, or major change in assets, review this list and make the appropriate changes. While you may not complete your entire estate plan this summer, by taking the simple step of reviewing your accounts and designating or updating your beneficiary designations you are well on your way to a complete estate plan and potentially, probate avoidance. Work with your financial planner, attorney, accountant and life insurance agent, or check with your specific financial institution to determine how to make and update beneficiary designations. It is critical that you consider your assets, family situation, and personal preferences to ensure that your beneficiary designations match your overall estate plan. If you have questions regarding beneficiary designations, probate administration, wills, trusts or other estate planning techniques, contact Kelly O’Brien at Measure, Sampsel, Sullivan & O’Brien, P.C. at (406) 752-6373/ www.measurelaw.com


This article is intended for educational and information purposes only, it is not intended to act as legal advice.


oman.com  89


CT Morris Longtime Montana Resident Pens

Montana Unveiled By Kristen Hamilton

The Book “Montana Unveiled” is a Hit! When I read a good book I get sucked in and most often I can’t put it down until I’ve read the last word. Unfortunately that means staying up way too late more often than not. When reading Montana Unveiled by CT Morris I fell into this predicable trap. From start to finish I couldn’t wait to see what happened next.

Morris weaves an intriguing tale of false accusations, police corruption, murder, all with a little romance thrown in.

I loved the story’s heroine and her strong “Montana” personality. She did a great job of developing all of the characters and you felt as if you knew each and every one of them.

She also kept things very interesting by referencing local businesses and landmarks throughout the story. It really helped give the reader ownership of the tale. If you want a great little read for a quiet evening or down at the lake, pick up Montana Unveiled … you won’t be disappointed. Find the book on Amazon in paperback or Kindle.

About the author…

CT Morris (aka Carole Morris-Pinnell)


90 406


Carole is a wife, mother, grandmother, teacher, and now author.

She earned her Bachelor’s degree in Education from the University of Great Falls and followed that with her Master of Science in Education/ Higher Education Administration from Western Governors University.


CT Morris

Currently Carole is the Editor of Ardent Magazine in Elk Grove, California and an Elementary School Teacher in Lodi, California. Plus she provides many of the amazing food spreads you surely enjoy in 406 Woman magazine! I know I’ve tried many of the recipes she’s shared and they have been hits every time. I guess we should add accomplished cook to the list above! Prior to moving to California, She and her husband Joe lived in the valley for 36 years. She spent the last seven of those as an Adjunct Professor at Flathead Valley Community College. Carole says, “Montana has a unique culture that no other state has.”

In reading the acknowledgments of Montana Unveiled, it is apparent how important family is to Carole. Her kids (and their spouses) along with her grandkids bring her true joy. You can hear the sincerity in her words as she raves about her three perfect grandchildren and what a blessing they are. That is why they opted to relocate to California. Both of their grown children moved there with their “precious grandbabies.” She said, “We traveled back and forth for many years, but we REALLY missed them. Now, they are just across town!” Being a new grandparent myself I can really relate!

Although family now surrounds Carole again, she definitely misses Montana. She said, “I miss my dear friends, coworkers at Flathead Valley Community College and my church family at New Life Center. I also miss seeing the beautiful landscape that only Montana has.” Being in education, Carole has written many articles and curriculum over the years but this is her first fiction novel. She said of this experience “…it was a lot of fun!”

Carole with her husband and grandbabies. From left to right: Nicolas, Adiryn, Joe, Carole, and Nicole.

She went on to explain about the process, “My mind has always been a little different… and I love writing, so the writing part was easy. I wrote using past experiences and people that have impacted my life—in good and bad ways. Then I started weaving the story, and the characters came alive. I actually had a hard time ending the story and letting the characters go.”

As I mentioned earlier I love the way Carole developed her characters in the story. A couple of my favorite characters include her African Grey Parrot who has been part of her family for 18 years now and her Great Dane. She said the parrot is the “smartest pet” she’s ever had and the Great Dane is a sweet and loyal dog. I asked Carole about the ending of the book and that it seemed like she left the door open for Arianna (the heroine) to partake on another adventure that she of course would write. She said, “Yes, I’ve started a follow up story that highlights the Native American culture that we have in Montana; with Arianna and Josiah entangled in another adventure.” I look forward to that story for sure!



oman.com  91


Maya Pedal Montana support group Maya Pedal USA is bringing Maya Pedal President Veronica Buch who will present the Amazing Bicycle Machines of Guatemala to Whitefish.

The Amazing Bicycle Machines of Guatemala event in Whitefish will be Friday September 7th, 6 p.m. at the O’Shaugnessy Center. Bicycle powered machines will be available for the public to operate for cobbing and grinding corn, coffee, cocoa, and making smoothies. Beverages and Traditional Mayan food will be available. Tickets will be available at retail outlets and at the door. Maya Pedal, a Guatemala owned non-governmental organization, NGO, has since 2001 made pedal powered machines from old bicycles. Nearly 400 bicycles donated by Montana communities in 2017 are being made into water pumps, grain mills, corn cobblers, coffee bean de-pulpers, concrete roof tile makers, and over 16 other models of machines. Maya Pedal president Veronica Buch states, “our machines provide opportunity.”

Veronica’s husband, CEO Mario Juarez Sequnajay, adds, “our workshop is busy with men, women, and voluntarios [volunteers], for production of machines to raise up the people of Central America. We thank people in Montana for help [to create] enterprise for families here.”


92 406


“By the time people migrate to the border, we all lose,” states Dave Renfrow, spokesman for support group Maya Pedal USA, adding, “Maya Pedal offers proven, effective and simple solutions”. “Here in the US we do not all agree upon complex issues such as trade and immigration. But the good news is US families can help keep Central American families together in their homelands with bicycle machines.”

Bicycle machines, (bicimaquinas), reduce labor, raise farm incomes, enable creation of microbusinesses, and provide clean water. Bicycle powered machines are appropriate technology for intermediate economies where electricity is not available or not affordable. Bicycle machines are relatively inexpensive, user maintained and repaired, emit no pollution and are operable for decades. Increased productivity allows several families to share use of a single machine. Maya Pedal bicycle driven leg-powered machines provide 5 to 20 times greater productivity over hand/arm power. Increased productivity enables children to attend school and helps keep families together. Farm labor, primarily for share crops, is manual in Central America. Average family income has remained near $5.50 per day for 25 years. By necessity children perform farm labor rather than attend school. Often family members, and recently entire families, choose dangerous migration to the USA for work.

Over 200,000 families are without clean water in Guatemala. A bicibomba, bicycle powered water pump, can draw water as deep as 95 feet for human, animal, and irrigation use. Maya Pedal also produces low cost water filter systems for purification. Rotary Clubs of Montana have been instrumental in providing clean water to Central America for several years and recently lent support for the bike collective effort. A Rotary contingent from Libby and Kalispell visited Maya Pedal in February. Students from the Rotary youth organization, Interact, of Corvallis Montana visited Maya Pedal July 7-10 where they constructed and delivered concrete and sand water filters to neighborhoods around San Andres, Itzapa. Free Cycle Missoula served as the collective center and volunteers provided loading labor. If you’d like additional information, contact Dave Renfrow at Mayapedalusa@gmail.com Website is Mayapedal.gt.

Nearly 400 bicycles

donated by Montana communities in 2017 are being made into water pumps, grain mills, corn cobblers, coffee bean de-pulpers, concrete roof tile makers, and over 16 other models of machines.


95 406



Send them Back to School with Confidence! Nine. Long. Months. Early mornings. Late nights. Feelings of discomfort. All leading up to that magical day. No, I’m not talking about pregnancy--the three trimesters of joy where we compare our growing baby’s size to things like baseballs and grapefruits, prepare the nursery, and wash little white onesies. Those nine months, for me anyway, were filled with excitement. I was lucky and experienced very few of the uncomfortable side effects. Fast-foreword five years and enter the ninemonth school year. The magical day being the LAST DAY OF SCHOOL. I know no mother who, come May, doesn’t long for summer-break. It’s just long enough to detox them from bathroom humor and playground behavior. Any longer and we may have other opinions about summer-break, but I, for one, enjoy every bit of those three months.


I think I experience more morning sickness from September to May than I ever did while

96 406


By Kelly Pris

pregnant. I try hard not to be a helicopter parent, but I also like to make sure they are happy, healthy, and well behaved. I do my best to pack their lunch with healthy-yetappetizing foods. (I mean, I can pack quinoa and kale all day long, but if they don’t eat it, then what’s the point?) I’ve discovered it’s a lot easier to get them to eat their carrots with hummus and cottage cheese if accompanied by an Oreo cookie or two.

The chaos of school pick-up and drop-off is unrivaled in my book. There’s always that one car that parks in the bus lane, and, while I curse them for ignoring the signs, I’m also secretly jealous that they have the “I do what I want to” attitude. I subscribe fully and often begrudgingly to the “I do what I’m supposed to do, even though I don’t want to and will complain about it for a week” attitude. But, I digress. While I can’t control the other moms in their mini-vans, I can make sure that I’ve given my kids the best tools for a successful school year. More than just backpacks and binders, it’s about providing

them with the mental and physical support for a grueling nine months.

Instead of waiting for them to come home complaining of sore throats and stomachaches, I have them start and end each day with immune-boosting herbs, especially when the cold weather hits. Elderberry and Echinacea go a long way in making sure your student feels their best every day. Toss out the Flintstones and enjoy real benefits from herbal multi-vitamins, without the sugar and other artificial ingredients. Along with everything else at school, feelings of anxiousness and irritability can also put strain on your children. Whether these feelings present themselves in poor grades, classroom restlessness, or aggression, we’re often too quick to label these issues and “fix” it with a prescription. Effective and calming


herbal medicine

mental support can be found with the right combination of herbs. Add to that a wellabsorbed, plant-based calcium and school will just be another check on the list of their daily “to-do’s”, right after cleaning their rooms (sorry to say, there’s no herbal supplement for making that easier.)

The school year doesn’t have to be something you, or your children, dread! So, when the first bell rings this fall, pull up to the school, ignore the mini-van in the bus-only lane, and send your children off knowing that you’ve given them the very best to keep them healthy, happy, and successful all year long! Visit us online or stop by our store in Somers. With over 40 herbal formulas and even more single extracts, we’ve got something for everyone! www.mmherbs.com 1019 Hard Rock Rd., Somers, MT 1.888.528.8615



oman.com  97


Options for Children with Chest Wall Deformities

By Mellody Sharpton

Chest wall deformities, or irregularly shaped chests, are common birth defects appearing in about one out of 300-500 children in the United States. These defects can cause shortness of breath, decreased stamina and heart/lung function issues, which can limit a child’s ability to participate in activities with their peers. In addition to the physiological effects, the condition can have significant psychological impacts. Chest wall deformities, which can be barely visible at birth, often become more apparent during rapid growth spurts leading to adolescence. During the teenage years, these children may be acutely aware of the shape of their chests and suffer from reduced body image and self-esteem. Many teenagers with chest wall deformities feel unwilling to be seen without a shirt while swimming or to participate in sports or social activities. Sadly, many avoid sports altogether because of their appearance. The cause for chest wall deformities is neither known nor understood, but thanks to advances in modern medicine, there are many ways to treat chest wall deformities — both surgically and non-surgically — and improve children’s lives, both physically and emotionally. In the summer of 2018, Kalispell Regional Healthcare’s


98 406


Pediatric Surgery department launched a chest wall deformity clinic to diagnose and treat children with chest wall deformities.

“There is no other clinic offering this type of treatment in Montana,” said pediatric surgeon Dr. Gavin Falk, “Montana’s children have had to travel out of state to Seattle or Salt Lake City to be seen by a chest wall deformity specialist. Now we offer the same level of expertise and treatment options.” 17-year-old Jakeb Bushman from Wolf Point, MT, was one of the first patients to visit the clinic. He suffered from pectus excavatum, where the chest appears sunken or caved in, caused by an inward growth of the breastbone and portions of the ribs. Also called “funnel

chest”, pectus excavatum is the most common chest wall deformity, and is more prevalent in boys than girls. Children with pectus excavatum often experience chest pain, exercise intolerance or shortness of breath. Jakob opted for surgery. “His condition prevented him from being as active as he would like to be,” said pediatric surgeon Dr. Federico Seifarth, “We performed a minimally invasive NUSS procedure which led to immediate correction.” Named after Dr. Donald Nuss, the physician who invented the procedure in 1987, the surgery involves placement of a metal “Nuss” bar in the chest, which immediately elevates the sternum. The bar will be removed in another surgery after about three years. 14-year-old Salem Steward’s condition was the opposite of Jakeb’s. Instead of pectus excavatum,

where the chest is sunken, he suffered from pectus carinatum where the chest protrudes out. Pectus carinatum, sometimes called “pigeon chest” and can be treated surgically or non-surgically. Surgical correction involves an operation under general anesthesia. It requires an incision across the chest to remove abnormal ribs and reshape the sternum.

Salem was a candidate for non-surgical bracing, which is an excellent alternative to surgery for many patients. He was the first patient at Kalispell Regional Healthcare to be fitted with a T-Joe Bracing System, which is customized specifically for each patient, ensuring a comfortable fit and the best possible correction. The brace consists of a metal belt and cushioned compression zone that applies constant pressure on the protruding chest wall to remold it. Using this brace requires commitment as patients have to wear it for 23 hours a day, for up to a year. When treatment is complete, the protrusion in his chest will be permanently reshaped.

“Correcting children’s chest wall deformities is a very rewarding area of pediatric surgery. It can really transform the child’s outlook on life whether it’s because they can now participate in sports with their friends again or because of their improved self-image,” said Dr. Falk. For more information about the Pediatric Surgery Chest Wall Deformity Clinic at Kalispell Regional Healthcare, log on to krh.org/children or call (406) 758-7089.


Photos: 17-year-old Jakob Bushman and nurse practitioner Rachel Desimone on discharge day at Kalispell Regional Medical Center following surgery to correct pectus excavatum.


oman.com  99


Should you Trust your Doctor? Thoughts of a Private Practice Surgeon By Esther Barnes, DPM, FACFAS

Not long ago, and still in some circles, it was generally implied that if one wanted to go into “Private Practice,” she had prioritized her own financial interests over the well-being of her patients. It was assumed that one would take on the seemingly insurmountable challenges of running a business, and being a doctor, only if financial gain was the priority, somehow at the cost of quality patient care. One couldn’t possibly do both, right? Running a business and being a good doctor didn’t seem to go hand in hand. One can argue that oftentimes the reverse may be true, that care provided in many private practices is exceptionally patient-centered and results-driven. With the accountability and transparency to patients necessary in Private Practice, and the need to foster a business culture based on defined values and with a focused mission, patient satisfaction (patients with less foot pain, in my case) remains of utmost importance. In the world of private practice, as in the world of most other industries, where one’s pay equals one’s total collections or earnings minus their expenses or “overhead,” the doctor is accountable to her patients. The business’s success and ability to thrive, is therefore dependent on satisfied patients, and not just a few satisfied patients but many satisfied patients. When the priority is doing what’s best for each individual patient, it is a win-win situation. Patients should feel better and be healthier, procedures should be thoughtfully considered, and treatment should be evaluated and amended as needed. (I.e. develop an approach based on results, as is necessary with most other business


100 406


sectors.) In my Private Podiatry Practice, for example, where the end-goal is maximum number of satisfied patients (with less foot pain) as opposed to maximum number of surgeries, I have the privilege of learning from my patients each day; I learn what ailments can be helped without surgery, and which specific orthotics or orthotic adjustments, shoe recommendations or exercises can oftentimes lead to pain relief, eliminating the need for surgery altogether. With that being said, I challenge each of us to become more involved in our medical decisions, who we seek care from, and where we are treated, when possible. It is our individual responsibility and right to ask questions, conduct research, and make decisions about our own health and healthcare, if we are afforded the time to do so, and when our insurances allow. We have the right to decide and seek care from physicians we trust, who have reputations based on the quality of the care they provide, and the skill by which they practice and operate. We have the right to seek care from physicians who aim to always improve and grow, see it as a privilege to be able to learn from their patients, and are honored to

answer our questions. We have a choice to seek care from physicians who are transparent and who value a culture of accountability.

So, What Can We Do?

Like I tell many of my patients: You Are In Control. Here are some tips to help you chose your physicians:

1. Ask questions. Don’t be afraid to ask your doctor questions. Ask how he/she decides to refer to particular specialists and what factors he/she uses to decide why a special imaging study is necessary. If considering a procedure or anything more invasive, ask what your physician’s policy is on disclosing medical errors or suboptimal results. If any particular hardware or drug is used or recommended, ask if he/she receives any financial incentive from the manufacturer. Get to know your doctor, his/her values, and his/her intention. Ask how many people have had the recommended treatment and how many have been satisfied with the results. Any vagueness or avoidance of a direct answer can imply a lack of follow

health} I challenge each of us to become more involved in our medical decisions, who we seek care from, and where we are treated, when possible. It is our individual responsibility and right to ask questions, conduct research, and make decisions about our own health and healthcare, if we are afforded the time to do so, and when our insurances allow. up and/or lack of involvement in a process of active learning from what works and doesn’t work as described. Feel free to ask if your doctor has made mistakes and how he/she has dealt with them (we’ve all made them).

2. Conduct your research. There are several doctor-rating websites

where patients share their reviews and experiences with physicians. Best of all, ask your friends and family members whom they’ve seen and if they feel better or have seen improvement as a result of the care. Speaking to family and friends is always a good place to start when looking or a new doctor to help you through a medical issue. High-quality doctors typically have a large roster of patients who are happy to recommend them, and while they may take longer to see, many are willing to prioritize emergencies.

3. Know Their Specialty & Training. Not all specialists have the same training. Be sure the physician you are seeing is certified by the appropriate Board(s) of their specialty. If you're considering foot or ankle surgery by a podiatric surgeon, for example, make sure your surgeon is certified by the American Board of Foot & Ankle Surgery (www.acfas. org) in the type of surgery you are considering (some are certified in foot surgery, others in rearfoot / ankle surgery, some both). Be sure they have privileges with your preferred hospital. 4. Ask a nurse or other hospital support staff. Hospital employees have a wealth of information about doctors in town. Ask who they go to for advice or treatment. Remember, a surgeon shouldn’t be chosen simply for how fast he/she conducts a surgery in the operating room, but by the long-term results. 5. Get a second opinion. If you're undergoing treatment with a specialist and aren't comfortable with the doctor's recommendations, don’t hesitate to get a second opinion. In the end, while stories of physicians whose priorities are anything other than our well-being are indeed concerning, the majority of doctors are honest, ethical people who place their patients' best interests first. So, should you trust your doctor? Yes.

But it is your right and responsibility to ask questions and do your research.

Dr. Esther Barnes, DPM, FACAS

practices at Step Ahead Foot & Ankle Clinic in Kalispell, where she enjoys treating all foot and ankle concerns. She is certified, in both Foot Surgery and Reconstructive Rearfoot / Ankle Surgery, by the American Board of Foot and Ankle Surgery.



oman.com  101


102 406



Pilates Equipment Inspired Workout Using Sliders By Delia Buckmaster, Pilates Educator Photos by Amanda Wilson Photography

What happens when you love the Pilates equipment but don’t have access to a Pilates studio? You improvise! Pilates instructors can be the best at improvising when equipment isn’t accessible. So why not try creative ways to mimic what we have in our studio. Slider discs are inexpensive and easy to pack in a small suitcase. Don’t have sliding discs? Try a towel or paper plates and bring your reformer class to your hotel room, back deck or wood floors. This workout is designed around some of my favorite Pilates exercises. REVERSE LUNGES X10 EACH LEG

Place the slider underneath your right foot while stabilizing your body weight over the supporting leg. As you glide the right foot backwards – aiming to straighten to right leg – bend into the left knee to find a long lunge position. Exhale, focusing on engaging the inner thighs and glute to come back to the start.


From a lunge position with the slider beneath the right foot and body weight stabilized on the left leg, pitch the body forward slightly and make sure the supporting leg remains parallel and core drawn in. From here, exhale to drag the right foot in to almost touch the left before extending it back.

Bridging X10

Start in bridge position, long neutral alignment of the spine, knees hip distance apart, with disc under each foot. Inhale to extend one knee away maintaining hip extension. Lower your hips if you feel pressure in the low back. Exhale to bring the knee back to start position.


104 406


health} Swan Extensions X10


Lying prone (on your belly) place discs under each hand. Legs and arms are extended long. Imagine the arms meet at the middle of your back in a V position. Inhale to lift the head toward the sky while shining the chest forward in to back extension. Exhale to return to start position. Do not over squeeze the gltues. Press the pubic bone gently toward the floor and fire the lower abs to protect the low back.

Start in plank position with the discs underneath both feet. Exhale to lift the hips towards the ceiling to a pike position pivoting around the shoulder and hinging at the hips. The legs aim to stay long and extended. Exhale to return to start position. Modification: knee tucks or mountain climbers.

side plank shuffle X10

From the side plank position with discs at each foot, exhale to bring the top leg forward and perpendicular to the hip. Make sure to stabilize the hip and shoulders. Inhale, engage the inner thigh to bring the leg back to start position. This can be done on the forearm or with the supporting knee on the mat or floor.


Choosing The Right

Birth Control To Fit Your Needs! PART TWO By Kassandra Patton

In Part One of this two part series we took an indepth look at Birth Control solutions for daily, weekly and monthly use. Now we will look at longer term birth control options that last from 3-10 years.

Every 3 years Nexplanon Implant The Nexplanon is a single rod the size of a matchstick that is inserted into a woman’s upper arm at the doctor’s office. The device releases progestin over a three-year period preventing ovulation and pregnancy. There is minimal risk with usage of this device and the pregnancy prevention rate is above 99%. The most common side effect is irregular bleeding that can last the life of the device. Fertility returns within one to two weeks after removal of the device. Skyla The Skyla is an Intrauterine Device (IUD) that was approved for women who have never been pregnant. It contains a very small dosage of progestin that helps make periods lighter as well as providing excellent birth control that is more than 99% effective. The device is inserted in the doctor’s office and most women experience some cramping after the procedure that is similar to menstrual cramps. The cramping usually subsides after a few hours. Irregular bleeding is seen in the first few months with Skyla usage but it often regulates or disappears over time. Return to fertility is immediate upon removal of the device and it is safe to use in breastfeeding mothers.


106 406


health} Every 5 years

Mirena IUD The Mirena IUD (MIUD) is a device that is similar to the Skyla. The MIUD is slightly larger and recommended for women who have already been pregnant. MIUD has over 99% effectiveness and can be used by most women who need birth control. The device is inserted at the doctor’s office. The most common side effect is irregular spotting, especially in the first few months after insertion. Some women also experience some cramping after the procedure that is similar to menstrual cramps. The cramping usually subsides after a few hours. The device is effective for 5 years at which time can be replaced with a new MIUD or removed for immediate return to fertility. Women experience a decrease in flow of periods and some do not experience a period at all! This is considered healthy and is no cause for concern. The MIUD is also safe to use while breastfeeding. Kyleena IUD The Kyleena IUD (KIUD) is the same size as the Skyla IUD, but offers slightly more hormones and lasts up to 5 years, just like the Mirena IUD. The KIUD is a great option for women who want a longer birth control

option, but whom have not had children. It has the same effectiveness as both Skyla and Mirena and must be inserted at the doctor’s office. A woman can have some cramping for a few hours after insertion and can also have some spotting between periods as a common side effect. Women may have a decreased period flow, while others may not have a period at all.

Every 10 years

Paragard IUD The Paragard IUD (PIUD) contains no hormones and works by interfering with sperm and egg motility which is thought to be a result of the copper that is wrapped around the outside of the device, as well as the presence of the device itself inside the uterus. It is also over 99% effective and can also be used as a form of emergency contraception if inserted within three to five days of unprotected sex. The PIUD does not change a women’s menstrual cycle, but she may notice an increase in flow and cramping during the first few months after insertion. This effect may or may not continue for the duration that the device is in place. The PIUD is replaced every 10 years and offers an immediate return to fertility after removal. The PIUD is safe to use while breastfeeding.

There are a lot of choices for birth control on the market, with a couple of new additions in the past few years. Please be sure to speak with your provider about all of your medical conditions, current prescription and supplement usage and family history so that you and your provider can make the very best birth control decision for your health and lifestyle. Our providers are here to help you make that decision, call our office – we’d be happy to make you an appointment to discuss these options in more detail. Kassandra Patton, WHNP joined Kalispell OB/ GYN in March of 2013, moving to Montana from Illinois with extensive experience as a women’s health nurse practitioner. Prior to becoming a nurse practitioner, she worked for 10 years as a labor & delivery nurse. Kassandra has a strong interest in teenage wellness exams, reproductive health and contraception management. She and her husband, Jeremy, have two children, three dogs and two cats. They love the outdoors and moved to Montana looking to enjoy a better lifestyle in our beautiful Big Sky Country.


You Are In Charge Of Your Health

Why People Really Visit The Chiropractor By Dr. C. Claude Basler, DC, Basler Family Chiropractic

Contrary to popular belief, the health insurance that you “had” to buy will not keep you healthy. The super latest ketone craze or mega vitamin surge will not keep you healthy. It is up to your daily routine to develop a lifestyle of wellness. Chiropractic care is the foundation of creating a lifestyle free of negative environmental hazards, also known as drugs, pills, gimmicks, lotions, and potions. Why? Your body is innately intelligent. Get cut and you heal, get a fever you heal, break a bone you heal…etc. The force of your innate intelligence operates through and around the central nerve system (CNS). Your CNS is protected by your skull and spinal bones, and it just so happens that a chiropractor’s sole responsibility is to provide spinal health, aka your health. The chiropractor aims to restore the normal flow of communication from the brain to the body by adjusting the spinal column only if need be.


108 406


Understand Your Health

There really can be no disagreement among anyone that the cost of health care is out of control. In order to combat this crisis you need to understand some basic fundamental truths about health care and how it is your responsibility to take it into your own hands and not leave it for chance.

· Being preventative is your stairway to accepting and promoting your overall health.

· “In a state of health people are shut off from the invasion of germs” – Louis Pasteur · Spending money in the wrong places is not investing in your health. The health care industry preys on individuals who are looking for the next bright shiny object that will get them out of the hard work it actually takes to be in charge of their health.

· Health does not come in the form of a pill. Pharmaceutical companies are not in the business of creating cures, they like to create customers.

· The Health Care Industry is now the nation's largest private-sector industry. The sicker we become, the more money that is required from someone’s pocket.

· Drug expenditures have been the fastest growing segment of health care spending in this country, rising by more than 15 percent every year since 1998. We have been convinced that drugs are intended to cure disease and improve lives.

· Breakdown between the brain and body connection via neglect of spinal health will always lead to CNS dysfunction. Any interference with the CNS will always produce negative effects on one’s health and well-being.

Lifestyle habits of your daily routine need to be in continual ‘maintenance phase’. Meaning that you should never stop. It’s always ‘maintenance phase’ with every aspect of health. When should you stop caring for your spine?…never! When should you stop exercising?… never! When should you stop eating clean?…never! Start Healthy Thinking

Alignment is the first and foremost need for a healthy body. It has been long known that your CNS is your lifeline to health. This is due to the fact that the CNS directly regulates and controls your immune system. Healthy spine = healthy CNS = healthy immune system. Yes, in that specific order. When you start exercising preventative health strategies and proper spinal alignment, you begin to lessen your chances of disease and disability. Not only is being preventive cost effective for you and your family, it is taking health into your own hands. The opposite of taking health into your own hands is excessive medical expenses. Every 30 seconds in the United States someone files for bankruptcy due to a serious health problem. According to a recent study by Harvard University, 50 percent of all bankruptcy filings in the United States are the direct results of excessive medical expenses. Chiropractors are like peak performance mechanics. They help you prevent health problems and keep you functioning at your best. Understanding the biggest difference between medical doctors and chiropractors is not in the level of education, it is in the preferred method of caring for people. Unlike standard medical doctors, whom you visit when you have symptoms to be treated, chiropractic offers spinal care to prevent and enable your body to be in a constant state of adaptability. Meaning? Taking health into your own hands and relying on your body to heal itself and adapt to the stressors placed on it.

Breaking Down Illusions

We are not under the illusion that everyone who is healthy will be immune from sickness and disease. We know that many people do everything right and still get sick and die. Since there is no way to predict this outcome we need to be preventative in our risks and promote our health.

Lifestyle habits of your daily routine need to be in continual ‘maintenance phase’. Meaning that you should never stop. It’s always ‘maintenance phase’ with every aspect of health. When should you stop caring for your spine?…never! When should you stop exercising?…never! When should you stop eating clean?…never! The current health care paradigm is and has been a destructive factor in our culture for some time. The more that we promote disease by focusing on treatments and pills to combat symptoms of illness, we are ignoring the preventative and maintenance phases that are required to take charge of our health. Take charge of your health and do not leave it to chance or wishful thinking. Be a ‘Do-Er’.

Dr. Claude Basler, DC is a Chiropractor and Dad of three. His office, Basler Family Chiropractic, is located in downtown Kalispell. His mission first and foremost at Basler Family Chiropractic is to serve God and the people He created through specific Gonstead Chiropractic care. Dr. Basler wants the Flathead Community to be the healthiest place to live and is committed to seeing the next generation of children being raised healthier than the past. He raises the value of health in our community and it is his passion and commitment in his office to serve you and the next generation to come.



oman.com  109


Pain in the Neck? Read This! By Devin Pfister, PT, DPT Photos by Amanda Wilson Photography

Neck pain has become so commonplace as we attach to our digital devises. Maintaining what is considered to be good posture is an essential component to a healthy cervical spine. Even as I sit down to type this article, I am aware of how my shoulders gradually creep up toward my ears and my head cranes forward to better see the screen in front of me. Take a moment to observe the position of your neck and shoulders as you read these words. If your ears are directly in line with your shoulders, then you’re doing better than most. With forward head posture we begin to stress the suboccipital muscles at the base of the skull as they attempt to hold our heavy head at an awkward angle. In addition, we stress the temporomandibular joints (the jaw), which can lead to a great deal of pain as well as headaches, tinnitus or ringing in the ears, and difficulty with chewing or talking. You will also notice that as you assume a forward head posture the rest of your spine follows suit and you will have rounded shoulders and elevated scapulae or shoulder blades. This can result in thoracic outlet syndrome, wherein, numbness, tingling and poor blood supply to the hands may occur. Lastly, your low back may begin to suffer due to your poor neck position. Given the myriad of conditions that may result from poor posturing in the upper body, I wanted to share some simple preventative exercises that can help you avoid that so called pain in the neck. Please terminate any activity that elicits a pain response.

Scapular Depression

We often hold our shoulders up by our ears as a fight or flight response and this exercise will help facilitate improved scapular control (shoulder blade position). In standing, find proper alignment in your body by bringing your ears in line with your shoulders, your shoulders in line with your hips and your hips in line with your ankles. Now actively reach your fingers toward you feet to engage the lower trapezius and serratus anterior muscles (think rotators) to pull your shoulder blades down and against your rib cage. Hold for several seconds and repeat to fatigue. With practice these postural muscle will begin to engage automatically.


110 406


The Chin Tuck

Just as the abdominals support the low back, there is a tiny muscle called the longus colli that stabilizes the cervical spine. While on your back, maintain contact between your head and the floor as you gently tuck your chin toward your chest without engaging the muscles on the sides of your neck. This requires a very small motion that may seem like nothing, but if your head is moving, the muscle is working. Hold this position for 10 seconds and repeat 6 times. Progress this exercise by lengthening the hold time.

health} Pectoralis (Pecs) stretch on the foam roll

The muscles of the chest tend to shorten as our shoulders round during computer work, driving, and many other activities of daily living. This exercise is intended to lengthen these muscles and draw the shoulders back where they belong. Position your spine along the length of your foam roller such that your entire pelvis, torso and head are supported. Rest the back of each palm and forearm on the floor close to your sides to begin. As your pecs lengthen, you may draw your arms out to a T position, but don’t advance the exercise if your forearms float off the floor. This may be held for 1-5 minutes, but terminate the stretch if you experience numbness or tingling in the arms.


Strengthening the muscles in your back will promote improved posture and open your chest. Although this action is performed during the scapular depression exercise listed above, we are now working against gravity and targeting large muscle groups. Lie on your stomach and lift your arms, chest and thighs as you actively reach your fingers toward your heels. Be sure to maintain a slight chin tuck to lengthen the back of your neck and avoid compression in the cervical spine. To protect your low back, it is important to engage your abdominal muscles by drawing your belly button toward your spine. Hold this pose for approximately 5-10 breaths and repeat 5-10 times or to fatigue.

A healthy spine requires an awareness of postural habits. These exercises are the tip of the iceberg, but they may help you manage or prevent musculoskeletal pain and dysfunction. These exercises in addition to joint mobilization, myofascial release, neuro re-education, dry needling and other manual therapy techniques are well supported in the literature as tools for rehabilitating the joints, muscles, and nerves impacted by poor posture. Physio Whitefish is here to help you discover a pain free existence at work, at rest, and at play.



oman.com  111

ask the skin coach



Razor Bumps and Ingrown Hair

A. Some

I get bumps and ingrown hair from waxing and shaving. Is there something I can do about this, or do I have to give up and accept life as a hairy monster?

people are prone to ingrown hair, which can become infected, painful and unsightly. Coarse, curly hair is most likely to pose a problem in this area, but no one is immune. Here’s my advice on how to avoid issues with ‘ingrowns’ and ‘bumping up’.

Which is better, waxing or shaving? Hair removal methods that pull the root, such as waxing, threading and tweezing, can be the worst for this problem. This hair is removed deep under the surface and can become trapped when it regrows. If the hair follicle is genetically curved, there’s a much greater chance of that hair hooking back down into the skin. And if skin isn’t regularly exfoliated to remove excess dead cell buildup, hair can become trapped and grow parallel, just under the surface.


112 406


By Erin Blair, Licensed Esthetician + Certified Health Coach

If you’re bump prone then shaving is a preferable method, but should be done using a single blade disposable razor that’s used only once. Shaving on problem areas should always be in the direction of hair growth, using a fragrance free shaving cream or a cleanser containing alpha hydroxy acids. Avoid the temptation to go back and forth over an area. No, you won’t have the closest shave, but you’ll also have less chance of bumping up. The popular 2, 3, 4 and even 5 blade razors DO give you a smooth, close shave...but they do this by stretching the skin and cutting the hair too short, so it’s below the surface. When that hair grows out again, it can easily become trapped beneath the surface causing ingrowns. If you prefer an electric razor, only the straight blade type will do. The rotating circular type blades only exacerbate ingrowns. Keep your straight blade sharpened and every time, before

and after use, apply a professional lubricating disinfectant spray like Clippercide.

To prevent, exfoliate As mentioned, dead cell buildup makes an ideal environment for ingrowns. One simple way to avoid this is by lightly buffing off dead surface cells with a scrub product or gloves designed for this purpose 2-4 times per week. If you go with gloves, keep them dry between uses, and boil or throw them in the laundry to clean every week or so. I prefer synthetic gloves over a natural loofah sponge, which harbors bacteria and is impossible to clean. This method works best for prevention when no inflammation is present. It’s also perfect for the non inflamed variety of hair growing visibly parallel to, but under, the surface. Another method of exfoliation that’s great for prevention and also kills bacteria is alpha

Dead cell buildup makes an ideal environment for ingrowns. One simple way to avoid this is by lightly buffing off dead surface cells with a scrub product or gloves designed for this purpose. hydroxy acid treatment. A cleansing product with AHA is good. Another is a moisturizer called AmLactin which is available over the counter and by prescription (the last time I checked, the percentage of the active ingredient, lactic acid, was the same in both versions). For my clients I stock a roll-on product that not only exfoliates and kills bacteria, it also reduces active bumps and lightens dark spots.

Don’t pick Last but not least, resist the urge to pick or tweeze your ingrowns, and don’t accept ‘help’ from a well meaning but untrained friend or family member. Inflammation, secondary infection, delayed healing, skin thickening, darkening and scarring can result. And...you’re absolutely right, you can avoid all this by growing it out, hairy monster style ;)

Erin Blair, LE CHC owns Skin Therapy Studio, where she embraces a creative method of treatments, products and coaching to get skin clear... and keep it that way. It's a 'whole person' approach to difficult skin concerns. Visit SkinTherapyStudio.com for more info, and to submit questions for Ask the Skin Coach.



oman.com  113


North Valley Hospital

Receives Baby Friendly Designation By Allison Linville

The Birth Center at North Valley Hospital recently received designation as a Baby Friendly Facility, from Baby Friendly USA, the accrediting body and national authority for the Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) in the United States. “This is a major achievement for not only our hospital, but for our patients who appreciate the comfortable, family-focused atmosphere that The Birth Center at North Valley Hospital is known for,” says Cindy Walp, Director of The Birth Center at North Valley Hospital.


114 406


that is a unique attribute at North Valley Hospital, and both the Planetree philosophy and Baby Friendly designation enhance the hospital and birth experience.

“We are focused on comprehensive newborn care and keeping mothers and babies together, and so What is Baby Friendly? Baby Friendly is a formal designation that shows Baby Friendly began in 1991 when the World our continued dedication to patient centered care Health Organization (WHO) and the United at North Valley Hospital,” says Walp. Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) launched the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative, a global How does Baby Friendly program to encourage the broad-scale implementation of the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeed- benefit the community? ing and the International Code of Marketing of “We want to provide the best possible care to families in our community,” says Walp. “Focusing Breast-milk Substitutes. on Baby Friendly practices, the gold standard of The state of Montana offers small grant awards newborn care, will create healthier, happier famithrough a service called the Montana Nutrition lies in our community.” and Physical Activity Program (NAPA). This program recognizes that infant nutrition is a pub- Baby Friendly designation involves a hospitallic health issue, and supports Montana birthing wide focus on keeping babies and families togethfacilities as they work to attain Baby Friendly er and reducing stress during the birth experience. designation. The grant program has been very North Valley Hospital has always supported prosuccessful in Montana, and has helped establish grams such as rooming in, when newborns stay a higher than average percentage of hospitals in in-room with their parents; breastfeeding first, to encourage all women who are able to breastfeed Montana that are designated as Baby Friendly. if possible; and skin-to-skin contact, allowing Is this unique to North Valley Hospital? mothers to hold their newborn babies immediThe designation establishes The Birth Center as ately after birth. one of 11 Baby Friendly Hospitals in Montana, and North Valley Hospital joins 528 designated “We had strong support from hospital leaderhospitals nationwide. North Valley Hospital is ship, physicians, and the medical committee that the only Baby Friendly facility in the Kalispell oversees obstetrics and pediatrics at North ValRegional Healthcare system. ley Hospital,” says Walp. “There was 100% buy in from our hospital community, recognizing the The Baby Friendly designation is in line with the enormous benefit that a baby friendly facility can Planetree philosophy of patient centered care have on our greater service area and our patients.”

It takes a

Village by Dr. John F. Miller DDS

Motherhood. What do I know about it, right? Very little I’m sure, but...I’ve had some great examples in my life. Naturally my own mother has had a major influence thus far; and presently my amazing wife as she is approaching her maternal 13-year mark. My wife of course is a woman, so we discuss everything that is on her mind. This happens most nights as we lie in bed gleaning every second of the only quiet moment we get to spend together. From these conversations I’ve gathered insight enough to describe the life of a Mother as a Shakespearean roller coaster. Tragedies, Comedies, smelly pre-teen boys. Our daughter is just months away from her teen years, and if the last few years are any indication of what’s to come we better buckle up. I feel like we are standing in line for a ride that we do not yet meet the height requirement for. But as we have learned over these last 12 and a half years, the best approach is to sit back and enjoy the ride. You see, with parenthood one should expect the unexpected because raising children, along with life in general, is a Comedy of Errors.

To prevent this transmission for as long as possible, make sure all items placed in the baby’s mouth are clean. This is especially important if the mother is prone to tooth decay and/or has active gum disease (a.k.a. periodontal disease). To be honest with the readers of 406 Women, I’m terrible at this. Me and mine share ice cream cones, straws, etc., but I try my best. Ultimately, colonization of these oral bacteria at some level or another is inevitable. Therefore, it is my opinion that you will wage a better fight by taking the approach that the best offense is a killer defense.

According to an old African proverb, it takes a village to raise a child. This village consists of relatives, neighbors, school teachers, coaches, employers, etc. We all know this is true and you’ll find yourself thinking of your unique individual villages this very moment. I think of the villagers that I make time to call upon when I have the chance to return to my hometown. The dental office was part of my village and you will be doing yourself and your children a great favor in making the dentist a consistent component of your family village. The remainder of this column will address contemporary dental care for children and the responsibility we have as parents in maintaining the oral health of our kids.

Infants on average are toothless for the first six months of their life. Their gums should still be cleansed with a soft toothbrush or a wipe of some sort. This functions to not only clean junior’s mouth but to initiate “healthy-habit” development. In addition, make sure the little one is present when you take care of your own mouth; make it a family event. Lennon, my youngest, watched me brush and floss Nayvee, Banksy, and Maxwell’s teeth every night. The result was a stubborn urge to have a toothbrush in her own toothless mouth. Now, as a 3-year-old beautiful bundle of happiness, she offers no resistance to my brushing of her teeth. In fact, she is upset when I’m done.



Babies are born devoid of the oral bacteria which cause tooth decay, Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus. This bacteria can be transferred from mother to infant (Vertical Transmission), or even from sibling to infant (Horizontal Transmission).


116 406


Somewhere between 6 months and 1 year a baby’s first tooth appears. Nature has provided us with this wonderful dress rehearsal that lasts until approximately 6 years of age. This is the chance as caregivers to miss cues, jumble lines, and ultimately

polish our technique and perfect our delivery. It is recommended that children be seen in the dental office at approximately 1 year of age. This initial appointment is important for the new mother to be educated in infant oral health care and again to aid in the child’s healthy-habits. During these visits the child’s teeth are not my main concern. We want to introduce a welcoming and comfortable atmosphere to the child. This typically involves chair rides, balloons, and a prize. If the child will allow me to look at the few teeth they might have, great! However, I do not force the issue if the child is not cooperative. Keeping this first visit a positive and fun experience is my main priority. At this appointment the mother will be instructed to brush their child’s teeth twice a day. In the morning after breakfast for two minutes, and immediately before bed for two minutes. In addition to brushing at night, flossing should be performed. As soon as the child can rinse without swallowing, a fluoride rinse should also be performed at night. As kids become more independent they will want to brush their own teeth. While this should be encouraged, no teeth brushing session should conclude without an adult performing a proper brushing. Mom will also learn that the most common cause of childhood tooth decay is putting the child to bed with a bottle of milk or juice. If the child needs the comfort of the bottle, try and only use warm water. Also, if a snack is needed during the night, cheddar cheese has been shown to reduce tooth decay.


Your child’s 6th birthday is fast approaching and they mention that their gums hurt behind their teeth. You inspect and find the gums slightly inflamed with the pearly glisten of a perfectly healthy 1st molar starting to poke through. The curtain has dropped; the lights are blinding. This is what you have been training for and because you are prepared you shall not fear. Mixed dentition refers to the period where baby teeth and permanent teeth are both present in the mouth. The biggest mistake made at this point is not brushing these new teeth adequately. They are so far back there and hard to reach, but they are the most important teeth in the mouth. It breaks my heart to see a 7-year-old with extensive decay on these 1st molars; and I see this often. This kid will likely lose these teeth early in life setting the stage for a sad ending, a tragedy. This child shares very little of the blame. During this mixed dentition stage, and throughout the remainder of their life, regular 6-month dental check-ups are of paramount importance. These exams will allow the Doctor to inform you of areas that need improvement, to reinforce proper technique, to evaluate bite and alignment of teeth, to place sealants on permanent molars and premolars, and provide cleanings and fluoride treatments for your child that will strengthen their teeth. If the doctor gets his/her eyes on your child’s teeth every six months they can catch problems early. Tooth decay and gum disease are slow processes that can be arrested before any major damage is done. I recommend that parents remain an active participant in care of their children’s teeth until their child’s eighth birthday. At that point it is important to let them fly solo under your supervision of course. If your family is like mine, brushing/flossing/rinsing is a family event (clean bedrooms, pajamas, teeth brushing, story, prayers, lights out) so it will be easy to monitor children’s brushing.


During this interval between 13 and adulthood the above instruction remains the same, but you will likely encounter your child’s need for orthodontics (braces) and wisdom tooth removal. In my experience nine out of 10 mouths will benefit enough from orthodontics to make it worth the investment, and if a wisdom tooth is there I recommend removal most of the time with few exceptions.

By this point your child has developed the healthy habits mentioned in this article:

● Brushing twice a day for 2 minutes each time with proper technique ● Flossing every night with proper technique ● Rinsing with a fluoride rinse at night ● Having regular 6-month dental cleanings and check-ups I treat children and adults with serious dental problems accompanied with exquisite dental pain daily. I try my hardest to empathize with them, but I personally have never experienced dental discomfort of any significant nature. There was a dentist in “my village” that my Mother took me to every six months. I do not hesitate to smile because I love my smile, a smile I owe to my Mother. Look at your children. You want nothing but the best for them. Raising kids is the challenge of your life. Create for them a village that promotes health, creativity, joy, charity, and living life. Surround them with a cast of characters that will ensure a happy ending. Finally, all of us at SMILE MONTANA want to express our tremendous gratitude upon receiving the “Best Dentist in the Flathead” designation. We take this title seriously and will do everything in our power to live up to this honor.



oman.com  117