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HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE THE NEW URBAN VILLAGE - SHENZHEN, CHINA -

Project Background: In this chapter it sets out the general background of the project, the area of interest and the opportunities. The project is within the time interval of 2013 - 2050, and to explore what kind of innovation can improve the living condition of the future.

01


Shen Zhen: the heart of China’s manufacture industry, especially on high-tech products for global corporations such as Apple, Nokia etc.

Rising Sea Level: The height of sea water is gradually increasing every year at a very concerning rate. Because of global warming the sea level along the coast of Guangdong Province in south China is rising at 1 cm each year. It could rise 30 cm by 2030 and pose a threat to flood the region and islands covering an area of 1000-square kilometers strong in the Pearl River Delta, from which many as millions of people may need to be emigrated for resettlement. According to calculation from the National Marine Data and Information Service (NMDIS), when the sea level rises 30 cm, it could inundate an area of 1154 square kilometers of costal regions and islands at its highest tidemark. This will cause a direct economic loss high as 133.2 billion yuan, forcing a population of 996.4 thousand to relocate. If the sea level rises one meter the feared flooded area could be as large as 6520 square kilometers, part of the region may face the danger of being completely wiped out by the ocean and disappearing forever from the map.

Guangdong has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa inland, Cwa along the coast), though nearing a tropical climate in the far south. Winters are short, mild, and relatively dry, while summers are long, hot, and very wet. Average daily highs in Guangzhou in January and July are 18 ˚C (64 ˚F) and 33 ˚C (91 ˚F) respectively, although the humidity makes it feel much hotter in summer.

More than 41 percent of people in the Pearl River Delta have felt sick or uncomfortable this year because of the region’s heavy pollution, a recent survey found. Most suffer from diseases like cough, sore throat and upper respiratory infections, or feel agitated, depressed or can’t sleep. The Pearl River, the second largest in flow capacity in China, has been seriously polluted by industrial discharges along the river. More than one-fourth of the residents do not dare to drink local tap water. Air pollution is also a serious concern for residents. Cities in Guangdong experienced an average of more than 75 hazy days last year, a record high since 1949. Guangzhou experienced more than 110 hazy days last year. Haze is usually caused by suspended particles in the air that reduce visibility. It is often a mixture of aerosols and photochemical smog.

THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE CLIMATE CONDITIONS AND THE FORESEEN CRISIS


As one of the major industry in Guangzhou, high-tech manufacture generates large portion of the local GDP. One of the largest, Foxconn is a Taiwanese multinational electronics contract manufacturing company headquartered in Tucheng, New Taipei, Taiwan. It is the world’s largest electronics contract manufacturer measured by revenues. Foxconn is primarily an original design manufacturer and its clients include major American, European, and Japanese electronics and information technology companies. Notable products that the company manufactures include the iPad, iPhone, iPod, Kindle, PlayStation 3, and Wii U. The big controversy for such corporate manufacturer is how the employees are treated. To gain the competitive edge against other companies, the income of the worker sometime much lower than the legal minimum income standard. In addition workers have to work overtime and live in below standard accommondations. In 2010, at least 18 Foxconn employee attempted suiside for being treated unethically. The landscape of China’s manufacture industry is also started to change. Compared to some countries, the labour cost of China is losing its advantage, factories are moving to Brazil, Mexico, South-east Asia or India. Once these factories moved out, it will be a major challenge to tackle the abondoned industrial site, and to reallocate the workers who came to work in the city from their rural hometowns.

THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE MANUFACTURE INDUSTRY AND ITS CONTROVERSY


THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY


HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE THE NEW URBAN VILLAGE - SHENZHEN, CHINA -

Hypothesis + Narrative: In this chapter it creates the vision of what the House for the Future would be like and how this new type of architecture will be integrated into the city of the future. The narrative will indicate the characters for the project and imagine how it will solve the problems within the context for the future.

02


1. 1. For the past 3 decades, people have been migrating from rural to cities to seek work opportunities. They created this unique community that co-exist yet different from the city. They played a crucial role for the rapid developments of Chinese cities. However as the development reaching a more saturated state, The requirement for cheap labours is slowly decreasing. If this issues are not addressed with consideration, migrated workers can be an unstable part of the society.

2.

2. For future 2013 - 2050, the cities faces enormous challenges, such as pollution, food shortage and sea level rising. The mode of urban environment must come up with innovations to tackle these crisis and improve standard of living. As the farmer workers helped constructing the cities, they can also be inspiring for the new future living. City should learn from the philosophy of rural living, to be more self sustainable, and co-exist with nature rather than exploiting it. The farmer worker community can once again be the protagonist of innovation.

THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE LEARNING FROM THE RURAL - CITY IN THE FUTURE


EXCHANGE

EDUCATION

ECOLOGY

CHANGE OF VALUE

THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY


THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE LEARNING FROM THE RURAL - CITY IN THE FUTURE


THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE LEARNING FROM THE RURAL - CITY IN THE FUTURE


THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE LEARNING FROM THE RURAL - CITY IN THE FUTURE


THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY


THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY


HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE THE NEW URBAN VILLAGE - SHENZHEN, CHINA -

User + Community: In this chapter it analyses the current living conditions of the targeted community and indicates what will be the role of the user in this project, and how they fit in to the larger community.

03


* Dark spots indicates the current urban village distributions within Shenzhen

1986

10,161 SQUARE KM 151% INCREASE IN 16 YEARS

2002

25,973 SQUARE KM Source: China Statistics, 2003

3 Types of Urban Villages

70%

55%

Urban Built ratio: 70% Agri. activity: few Rent income: >80%

Transformed Built ratio: 55% Agri. activity: some Rent income: >40 - 80%

30%

Urban Fringe Built ratio: 30% Agri. activity: frequent Rent income: <50%

Major Conditions of Urban Village

Sanitation

Building Quality

THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY

Infrastructure


POPULATION DISTRIBUTION

AGE BREAK DOWN

41 years and older 31 - 40 years

243 million by 2025

19%

26 - 30 years

25%

16 - 25 years

18% 48%

CHINA 1.3 billion

Guangdong 104 million

Migrant workers 103 million

UK 82 million

AVERAGE WAGE

100 USD$

58% of Urban workers

DISTRIBUTION BY INDUSTRY

CHILDREN

31%

brought to cities with parents

22%

11%

Other

Commerce

Social Service

Construction

Manufacturing

20 million children

7%

THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY

58 million children left behind


1st quarter: slow steady growth 2nd quarter: maximum leaf growth 3rd quarter: maximum root growth 4th quarter: rest period Here we are concerned with the Moon, which passes quickly in front of all 12 zodiac constellations in just 27.3 days. Because the zodiac constellations are of different sizes, the Moon stands in front of each for a shorter or longer time, approx. between 1-1/2 to 3-1/2 days. Rudolf Steiner taught that every zodiac constellation radiates certain favourable conditions to the plants, which the Moon will focus as it passes in front of each constellation. The influences of the constellations are passed on, reflected by the Moon, through the 4 classical elements of nature - warmth/ fire, light/air, water and earth in the following groupings.

lunar gravity

lunar light

1st quarter

2nd quarter

3rd quarter

5.0

12

fruit days

4.5

4th quarter

root days

11

4.0

10

3.5

9

3.0

8

2.5 21.

25.

APRIL

30.

MAY

5.

10.

19.

14.

Ulf Abele’s barley trial 1970

25. APRIL

1.

MAY5

.

AY

5.

10.

14.

Ulf Abele’s carrot trial 1972

6.5

36

fruit days

6.0

root days

32

5.5

28

5.0

24

4.5

20

4.0 31.1.

5.

Ulf Abele’s oat trial 1971

10.

APRIL

15.

20.

25.

18.

APRILM

25.

Ulf Abele’s raddish trial 1974

THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY

30.

10.

14.


0.35% floating population 12 million employee from Foxconn 0.3 million estimated family relatives 0.2 million

The Farmer Market:

Festival Celebrations:

China has been suffering for the lack of food safety. The existing mode of food distribution is cooperate supermarket buys crops from farmers with a very low price and sell them to the cities. However there is a lack of quality control, it was reported on the news that some products were but back to sale after the expiry date, and excessive residue pesticides on vegetables. According to cnfood.gov, there are currently at least 55 types of food products that harmful to the human body on the market. In the future the new city farmers could act as the distributors of farming goods. At the markets in the urban village fresh products will be sold. The expertise knowledge of the new city farmers can ensure the food is safe and hygienic for consumers.

Now

Future

Farmer

Farmer

Supermarkets

Urban Village

Customers

Customers

permanent population 2.46 million

The start phase of the urban village from 2013 to 2050 would be base on the employees of Foxconn Shenzhen factory and the families they brought to the city, which is estimated 0.5 million people.

Education:

Almost every festival in the country is related to the agrigultural activities. The spirit of the Chinese festivals is to appreciate the resources that nature provided to the human beings. In recent years the festivals has been linked to commercial activities and their true meaning has lost.

Another function of the urban village is to raise the awareness of ecological urbanism, providing an educational ground for people to learn the advantages of the rural way of living, and how combing the rural strategy with cities can benefits its future development.

In contrast looking at the rural part of the country the spirit of the festivals is still kept, people still look back to the history and respect the heritage. In the future the new city farmers can bring the true meaning of these festival back to the cities.

It is a centre for knowledge transfer, not only city people can learn from the farmers, farmers can also benefit from applying the advanced methodology and science to their tranditional farming techniques.

The urban village then becomes a place for celebration, it not only preserved the cultural value to the new generation, but also generate income for the residence in the urban village.

This educational ground also provides an alternative route for children who finished their middle school, instead of going to universities which are already over saturated, they can become a part of the new city farmer community that contribute to the future urban transformation.

â&#x20AC;˘Fresher product â&#x20AC;˘Better quality control â&#x20AC;˘Fairer price for both parties

* As an tourist attraction and educational facility, Eden Project is one of the major employer in Cornwall and has over 750 employees.

THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY


HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE THE NEW URBAN VILLAGE - SHENZHEN, CHINA -

Design Driver: In this chapter it sets out the principle of design for the project. The methodology for design is guided by the design driver, by having a system it ensures the different elements of design will connect as a whole.

04


24 SPRING

315°

330°

345°

24 24 Solar Terms

24 Suitable Products

24 Architectural Implications

24 Descriptions

《立春》 Spring Commences (03 - 05/Feb):

《雨水》 Spring Showers (18 - 20/Feb):

《惊蛰》 Insects Waken (05 - 07/March):

Marks the begining of the spring. Spring crops start to grow faster, it is the time to increase the field work. Also people should be aware of the lung related diseases, especially buildings need more ventilation.

The day gets warmer and rain water increased, however as the crops grow faster, it is important to collect and store the precious rain water. Also the beaver start to hunt and wild goose return to the north.

Animals and insects wake from the winter sleep, due to the spring thunder. Farmer should be aware of animal disease and insects, and apply fertilizers as the crops growing faster.

15°

30°

24 24 Solar Terms

24 Suitable Products

24 Architectural Implications

24 Descriptions

《春分》 Vernal Equinox (20 - 22/March):

《清明》 Bright and Clear (04 - 06/April):

《谷雨》 Corn Rain (19 - 21/April):

The middle point of spring, both the day and night last 12 hours. Swallows will come to houses, and it tells the best time to increase the intensity of farming works. Rice will start to grow at the Vernal Equinox.

Day to visit the family members that passed away, also a day to celebrate by doing exercise and field trips. An important festival and traditionally people will not lit fire and only eat cold food.

Days become milder, rice will start to grow faster, also the time to plant cotton. Cuckoo bird will come to remind farmer to grow. Willow catkin will spread in the air and cause allergy. Also its the best time to drink tea.

THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY


24 SPRING

45°

60°

75°

24 24 Solar Terms

24 Suitable Products

24 Architectural Implications

24 Descriptions

《立夏》 Summer Commences (05 - 06/May):

《小满》 Corn Forms (20 - 22/May):

《芒种》 Corn on Ear (05 - 07/June):

The start of summer. It is the time crop grow really fast, and the key date to plant rice into the field. Farmer should also be careful about pests. The rain start to increase, it is the time of year when heart related diseases increase.

On Corn Forms a lot of crops start to fruit, however it is not the time to harvest them yet. The air becomes try and during this period skin related disease is going to increase, thus it is important to keep the skin moist.

The field will turn back to green during this period and it would be unique and beautiful landscape. Some area of the country will enter rain season and it is important to protect people and crops against the rain.

90°

105°

120°

24 24 Solar Terms

24 Suitable Products

24 Architectural Implications

24 Descriptions

《夏至》 Summer Solstice (21 - 22/June):

《小暑》 Moderate Heat (06 - 08/July):

《大暑》 Great Heat (22 - 24/July):

The period of the year where the day time is the longest. It is the day when people celebrate the sun, an important festival for the Chinese people.

Day that marks the heat of summer, even crickets will hide in the shadow. It is important to store water for the crops. Also farmers should trim the dead leafs from plants.

The hottest time of the year, also the time to harvest the first phase of rice. It is the time when fireflies will be reproducing and become a beautiful scene in the summer nights.

THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY


24 SPRING

135°

150°

165°

24 24 Solar Terms

24 Suitable Products

24 Architectural Implications

24 Descriptions

《立秋》 Autumn Commences (07 - 09/Aug):

《处暑》 End of Heat (22 - 24/Aug):

《白露》 White Dew (07 - 09/Sept):

The beginning of autumn, however the heat of the summer is not completely gone. Autumn is the most important season for harvest, easpecially collecting rain water.

Finally the heat is gone, and at the same time crops become mature. With each autumn rain the weather will get colder, thus its important to prevent diseases. People are likely to get tired so internal plants will help to increase indoor oxygen.

In this time of the year, the temperature difference is the greatest for the whole year, thus dew water becomes significantly greater than other times. Also a time to store water.

180°

195°

210°

24 24 Solar Terms

24 Suitable Products

24 Architectural Implications

24 Descriptions

《秋分》 Autumnal Equinox (22 - 24/Sept):

《寒露》 Cold Dew (08 - 09/Oct):

《霜降》 Frost (23 - 24/Oct):

The middle point of Autumn. The day and night will be equally 12 hours, this period is seen as the best time of the year, where the plants and crops turns all red and gold. Also a time to celebrate autumn.

The Dew water become cold as well as the temperature. It is also the season for oysters and other shell fish. People usually drink soup to prevent cold and other diseases.

Leaf starts to fall, and animals start to go to winter sleep. Crops needed to be protected from frost in this time of the year. Traditionally farmers use smoke to create micro-climate area to protect crops.

THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY


24 SPRING

225°

240°

255°

24 24 Solar Terms

24 Suitable Products

24 Architectural Implications

24 Descriptions

《立冬》 Winter Commences (07 - 09/Nov):

《小雪》 Light Snow (22 - 23/Nov):

《惊蛰》 Heavy Snow (06 - 08/Dec):

The start of winter. The temperature start of drop, people should adjust the diet to copr with the cold weather. Also it is the time to start preparing for the winter, for example put things in the storage.

It is a good time for fishing, in some area will be light snow. People also should be careful for the mental health, as its a dangerous period for depression.

The rain fall will greatly decrease, but occasionally there will be heavy snowand birds stopped squawking. The snow can be a protective layer for the crops and it could be melted to water.

270°

285°

300°

24 24 Solar Terms

24 Suitable Products

24 Architectural Implications

24 Descriptions

《冬至》 Winter Solstice (21 - 23/Dec):

《小寒》 Moderate Cold (05 - 07/Jan):

《大寒》 Severe Cold (20 - 21/Jan):

The day with the shortest day time and longest night. People will go home to visit their family grave and treat elderly. A time for celebration, because after this day positive power will be back to earth. People will eat lamb and dog meat on this day.

It is the beginning of the cold period in winter. The important thing is to keep warm. Magpies start to nest, which seen as a warning of cold weather, farmers will use straw layer to protect the crops.

The coldest time of the year, with the least rain fall. People would stay indoor to keep warm, also dumplings will be the main food because it is believe to protect people from diseases.

THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY


Frburary Sun

Mon

March Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

Sat

01 Spring Commences 03 04

02

05

Spring 09 Festival 10

11

16

Spring Showers 18 19

17

23

24

06

12

25

26

07

08

01 02

03

Insects Waken 06

04

05

13

14

15

09

10

11

Planting Day 12

20

21

22

16

17

18

19

27

28

23

24

30

31

25

26

13

07

08

14

15

Vernal Equinox 20 21 27

28

22 Earth Hour 29

April Sun

Mon

Tue

Wed

Thu

Fri

01

02

03

Sat

Bright and Clear 04 05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

21

22

23

24

25

26

28

29

30

Corn Rain 20 27

Special occasions

Weekend markets

Festivals

THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY


HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE THE NEW URBAN VILLAGE - SHENZHEN, CHINA -

Site: In this chapter it looks at the site for the project. It also looks at the principle of local vernacular architecture (Lingnan style), as the heritage of traditional architecture plays an important role in this project.

05


*

Metro station

Connection to Hong Kong

0 50

200

500m

Scale 1:10,000

1 Hotel Residential towers Government building

Court house

Primary school

2

3

Government buildings Residential towers

Middle school Residential towers

3PNF1JB[[B/BWPOB

4

%VCSPWOJL1MBDB

5

Hospital

5SJFTUF$BOBM(SBOEF

Scale 1:5,000

Total population 28640 people, local Shenzhen population 3310 people, temporary population 25150 people.

7FSPOB1JB[[BEFMMF&SCF

1. Bird eye view of the selected urban village 2. Figure ground drawing of plazza navona, Rome 3. Figure ground drawing of Dubrovnik 4. Figure ground drawing of canal grande, Trieste 5. Figure ground drawing of plazza delle erbe, Verona. 18

THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY


Area = 910,000 sqm

Population: Total population 10834 people, local Shenzhen population 1011 people, temporary population 9823 people.

=100 persons

Permanent User Currently the migrant worker in the urban village are the temporary residence, which means they have less sense of belonging and less benefit from the city. In the future new urban village, the people with agricultural background will be the permanent residence and run the community. They will carry out activities such as farming, running the market, managing festival celebrations etc.

Urban villagers

=100 persons

Temporary User

more visitors during festivals

The residence from the city will be the temporary user of the urban village. This does not mean they have less right compare to permanent users, but they stay here for shorter period of time to experience, learn and celebrate festivals. They will have space to live in and this will bring the two communities that were seperated together.

City residence

=

According to GOV.UK on the farming animal welfare section and data from DairyCo, for the condition such as the urban village, there are a number of animal according to the number of residence. Also the size of animal shed must be regulated to ensure the comfort of the animals.

Chicken Coop

minimal space: 0.4 sqm per chicken

=

Pig shed

=

Cow shed

THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY

minimal space: 1.0 sqm per pig

minimal space: 7.4 sqm per cow


24 MINIMAL LIVING AREA - <CHINESE HOUSING REGULATION>

Chicken Coop

Kitchen

Bedroom for One

0.4m²

4m²

6m²

Pig House

1m²

Bathroom Bedroom for Two

10m²

3m²

Cow House

7.4m²

Living Room

12m² SCALE 1:100

24 RIBA - <HOMEWISE: HOUSING STANDARD>

SCALE 1:100

3 Bedroom for 4 person

74m²

1 Bedroom for 1 person

37m²

2 Bedroom for 3 person

4 Bedroom for 5 person

60m²

90m² average per person

20m²

THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY


24 Site total area: 910,000m² Existing building area: 137,000m² Buildable area:

773,000m²

Housing for urban villagers

196,000m²

Chicken coop

Housing for city residence

2,680m²

20,000m²

Pig house

4,000m² Cow house

7,400m²

24 SCALE 1:5000

Buildable area:

Planned area:

773,000m² - 230,080m² Potential planted area:

= 542,920m²

Different types of the crops require different methods of planting and also require certain amount of space to grow. Thus the distribution of the planted area will be arranged according to the desired crops at the time of the year.

Poaceae

THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY

Rosaceae

Nymphaeaceae

Chenopodiaceae

Fungi

Cucurbitaceae

Solanaceae


HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE THE NEW URBAN VILLAGE - SHENZHEN, CHINA -

Design Proposal: In this chapter it represents the design outcomes based on the study and research.

06


24 INNOVATION

S

Architectural innovations to improve people’s life according to the 24 solar terms.

Swallow house in spring to indicate rice planting time and the nest can be harvested after swallows move south in autumn.

24 ARCHITECTURE

M

Four seasons house that harvest nature and connected to the Chinese agricultural heritage.

Spring House

24 URBANISM

Tea house in spring as it’s the best time to drink tea, also creates solar chimney effect to enhance ventilation.

Summer House

Autumn House

Winter House

L

The new urban village that break the isolation between city residence and migrant worker.

Site satellite image showing the existing urban village surrounded by high rise buildings

Proposed urban vision of the new urban village

24 METHODOLOGY The project is looking at different scale, from detail level of certain architectural elements to a building and then the masterplanning of the site. To avoid the project to become too vague, the methodology is to focus on certain parts instead of spreading the attention to all of them. The project will be using an experimental approach, to analyse and explore the 24 solar terms, which is a traditional system that built through generations, with thorough observation and experience. The 24 solar terms act as a guide to people’s

living and working, responding to the change in nature.

a larger focus through models and drawings in the second term.

The architectural elements in this project are trying to translate the science behind the 24 solar terms and could make the living space perform better.

Since the performance of detail will be studied further, the urban aspect would be more visionary. Afterall the brief of the project <House for the Future> allows the innovations to be not limited to a specific location or time.

These investigation at detail level will then be integrated into the building, which will then put into the masterplan according to context. The design process will constantly move between these three scales, however the innovation aspect of it will have

THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY


BIRD EYE VIEW OF THE FOUR SEASON HOUSES

SPRING HOUSE

SUMMER HOUSE

AUTUMN HOUSE

THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY

WINTER HOUSE

TEMPLES


1

2

4

3

1

2

3

4

The Alter:

The Silo:

The Animal House:

The Path Temple:

The top part of the temple, where the celebration of the season will happen. Each season has a different alter to situate different activities.

The middle part of the temple, where the crops of the season will be stored. During farmer market time, the goods will be moved to the market stall to be sold.

The bottom part of the temple, where animals are kept.

A part of the temple, using narrow space to let people to understand and celebrate cultural heritage while moving through the space.

THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY


Spring temple - Memorial

Autumn temple - Harvest celebration

Summer temple - Sun temple

Winter temple - Giant soup jar

THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY


SPRING HOUSE

THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY


SUMMER HOUSE

THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY


AUTUMN HOUSE

THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY


WINTER HOUSE

THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY


24 INNOVATIONS:

24 FOLDING FACADE/CANOPY

24

• market place • solar shading

• rice planting indicator • harvest nest

24 OYSTER SHELL ROOF

24RAIN WATER COLLECTION

24

• insulation • collect/filter water

• channel rain water

• for spring tea drinking • solar chimney

One concept that is crucial to the house for the future would be innovations. The idea is to use architectural elements in an innovative way to improve the standard of living.

SWALLOW HOUSE

In the new urban village the innovations will be derived from the 24 solar terms, which is a method to record 24 anchor dates of the year, and use them as a guide for life style in respond to nature and climate. These innovations will be further developed and materialised in the second and third term as the project evolves more.

24

COLLING SYSTEM

• powered by summer rain • introduce indoor ventilation

24

PILLOW FACADE

• extra insulation for winter

TEA HOUSE

24COLLING SYSTEM/FIRE FLY LAMP

24 DEW WATER COOLECTION

• powered by wind • introduce green lighting in summer nights

• collect dew water

24ANIMAL HOUSE/HEATING

24

• animal provide heat for winter

• store energy provided by animals

THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY

GAS STORAGE


THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY


THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY


SHENZHEN TEMPERATURE INFORMATION (1951 - 2010)

JAN

FEB

MAR

APR

MAY

JUN

JUL

AUG

SEP

OCT

NOV

DEC

EXTREME HIGH TEMP ˚C

29.1

30.3

32.0

34.0

35.8

36.9

38.7

37.1

36.9

35.2

33.1

29.0

AVERAGE HIGH TEMP ˚C

19.8

20.2

22.7

26.3

29.5

31.1

32.2

32.2

31.3

29.2

25.4

21.2

AVERAGE TEMP ˚C

15.0

16.3

19.0

22.7

26.0

28.0

28.9

28.7

27.7

25.3

21.2

17.0

AVERAGE LOW TEMP ˚C

12.5

13.8

16.5

20.3

23.6

25.6

26.3

26.1

25.0

22.5

18.2

13.1

EXTREME LOW TEMP ˚C

0.9

0.2

3.1

5.7

14.8

19.0

20.0

20.1

16.9

9.3

4.9

1.7

AUTUMN: Mid September to mid December

Four Seasons Shift in Shenzhen:

WINTER: Mid December to March Beijing Four Seasons

However, according to the data, it is likely that the winter will get longer and the summer will be shorter in the future.

Shanghai Four Seasons

Shenzhen Four Seasons

1

In contrast, spring is the shortest season, from March to mid May, only last for 2 and a half month.

SPRING: March to mid May

SUMMER: Mid May to mid September

Currently in Shenzhen, the longest season would be summer, from mid May to mid September, which lasts more than 4 month.

2

Predictions for the future climate: 1. Global warming will cause hotter summer, however it is possible that the summer will get shorter. 2. Recent years there were a number of extraordinary cold winters in the southern part of China. Temperature riched 0 degree and snow caused serious problems. As the trend suggest, the summer will get shorter and hotter, the winter will get longer and colder. It can be predicted that the climate condition in Shenzhen will have more distinctive seasons.

THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY


1

The Four Season Houses: The community of the four season houses are arranged in circles. These provide accommondations for the urban villagers. They slightly different in sizes to suit different needs, in the centre of the four season houses, there is a temple to stock food, animals, and provide spaces to celebrate the festivals.

2

The Elevated Platforms: Elevated from the ground level, there are a number of platforms, providing public spaces to the urban villagers and visitors, especially when there will be events or weekmarkets. Also there are circular walkways to connect different four season house communities.

3

Green Houses and Barns: In between the fields, there are green houses inserted in a calculated grid. These green houses will grow off season crops in harsh weather conditions. The barn is connected to the near by underground station, when food is transported here, the barn act as a temporary interchange.

4

Farming Fields: The fields are rationally arranged to follow the water canal, providing not only fresh food but also let people in the city to experience the farming process.

5

Existing Surrounding Buildings: The surrounding context provides a buffer zone to protect the urban village. Some of the surrounding building can be intergrated when urban village develops. For example here the facades of some tall residential buildings are transformed to vertical gardens, using water collected by the urban village.

6

Transformation of the Site: The site will be transformed to fit the need of the urban village. Especially the inner city canal will be introduced into the site, to link with the water reservoir, because the four season houses also collect water, it will become a circulation. Watermills here are used to make flour and water towers will store clean water.

THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY


Energy Harvest: The innovation in this project will utilise passive energy, and in a urban scale relief the burden for the community.

Water Collection: The project has a number of ways to harvest and store water, and it will be linked to the existing canal system of the city, benefiting a larger scale.

Festivals: The new urban village will be in charge of the festival celebrations. This will stimulate related industries (props, fireworks etc) and generate culture and tourism.

Food: Fresh and sustainable food will be produced here, also the urban village will be linked to farms outside the city, acting as a transition station for fresh and safe food.

Job Opportunities:

Infrastructures:

Tax:

The urban village will provide jobs for the migrant workers, with their experience in agriculture it will be perfect fit. When the project further expands, it will provide more employment.

The new urban village will upgrade the infrastructure of the site, which is below standard. This will connect better with the existing urban infrastructure and eliminate problems such as building safety and hygiene.

The new urban village will create new business and industries to this area, also attracting tourism. In return it will generate more tax income to improve further in this district.

THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY


THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY


original four season house configuration.

Possible Expansion: The houses are arranged in a circular organisation, and when the population of the urban villages grow, it is possible to expand outwards and upwards to accommondate more people.

THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY

when the seasons change their duration or population changes, the houses can be expanded.


water channel

water tower

vertical garden

existing canal

field

watermill

when water flow through, it generate power for the watermill to make flour

Water Circulation: Water plays crucial part in the master plan. Using the inner city canal as water source, the site draws water in and created water reservoirs. Fields and green houses are benefited from the water, and also water collected by the buildings will be stored.

THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY

reservoir

vertical green facade using the existing high rise residential tower.


The elevated platforms is the public spaces for urban villages and visitors, to accommondate programmes such as square, exhibition or garden. Also these platforms can be used for events and festivals. They are elevated from ground level so that they wonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t interfre with the fields on the ground level.

Exhibition 3500 sqm/ 1200 ppl

Square 2550 sqm/ 1200 ppl

Square 2000 sqm/ 1000 ppl

Garden 1800 sqm/ 900 ppl

Exhibition 5000 sqm/ 2000 ppl

Square 5300 sqm/ 3200 ppl

Garden 2000 sqm/ 1000 ppl Exhibition 3200 sqm/ 1600 ppl

THE HOUSE FOR THE FUTURE FARMER WORKERS AND URBAN VILLAGE COMMUNITY


Term 1 - Zhiyu Huang