ISOCARP BUZZ ©YPP Year 2019 Volume 29: Planning Beyond Limits - Building Livable Communities

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BUZZ ©YPP YEAR 2019 VOLUME 29

Building Liveable Communities ISOCARP Young Planning Professionals Workshop Jakarta/Bogor, 2019


Planning Beyond Limits: Bahasa Indonesia

Perencanaan Melampaui Batas: Membangun Komunitas Layak Huni Editor:

Rouve Bingle

Desainer Grafis: Siddharth Khakhar

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English

Planning Beyond Limits: Building Liveable Communities Editor: Graphic Designer:

Rouve Bingle Siddharth Khakhar

Indonesia

Planning Beyond Limits: Building liveable communities

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Planning Beyond Limits:

Jawa Barat

Kongres Perencanaan Dunia ISOCARP ke-55 Tahun 2019 Lokakarya Perencana Muda Profesional, Jakarta & Bogor, Indonesia 4 – 8 September 2019 4

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55th ISOCARP World Planning Congress 2019 International Society of City and Regional Planners

Young Planning Professsionals’ Workshop, Jakarta & Bogor, Indonesia 4th to 8th September

© ISOCARP 2019

BUZZ ©YPP Year 2019 Volume 29 Planning Beyond Limits: Building

Central Java

Liveable Communities ISBN: 978-90-75524-64-2

East Java Yogyakarta

Editor: Rouve Bingle Graphic Designer: Siddharth Khakhar Translation: Dian Hasanuddin BUZZ Editor-in-Chief: Zeynep Gunay Published by: ISOCARP

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Planning Beyond Limits:

Photo credit: Reza Ayomi 6

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I travelled from Kristiansand to Jakarta, from a mostly green The food market, the smells, the colour and the people, are all and remote urban area, home to about 100.000 inhabitants, intangible sensations and impressions – are we looking beyond to South East Asia’s biggest metropole of about 10.000.000 the metropolis, or deep within? inhabitants. One interesting question in the call for participants to the young Needless to say the contrasts were vast and plenty. Not only planning professionals’ workshop in Jakarta – Bogor was: Can does one multiply the population by a hundred, but also the cities without limits be planned, nurtured and grown as a way tempo and impressions! However, after the magnitude and to promote a positive future for a country and for the planet? limitlessness of the metropolis, the most substantial experience

How much should be planned for, and how much should stay

is one of the friendliness of the people and their many smiles.

untouched in order for informality and spontaneity to take its course? How do we plan for that openness, while addressing the

Walking around in Jakarta and Bogor and seeing informality challenges we face globally? I argue that never has the ability and the spontaneity of everything that which is not planned for, to balance and shift between scales been more necessary - and also gives spaces a quality. It triggers curiosity and emerges as linking those scales. I perceive this search and ambition in the an attractive destination for a walk.

proposition of our group, connecting culture and community – and I take home the reflections and sensations that I experienced through the visit, exchanges, workshop and congress in Jakarta – Bogor.

” - Christina Rasmussen Norway

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Planning Beyond Limits: Sebagai seorang Warga Negara Indonesia yang pernah mengikuti program studi Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota di Indonesia, saya bisa katakan bahwa pengalaman yang saya peroleh pada ISOCARP YPP Workshop 2019 sangat menarik dan membuka wawasan saya. Khususnya peluang untuk diskusi, bertukar pikiran, memberikan pendapat dan menerima masukan, serta mencoba mencari solusi melalui sudut pandang dan alat-alat perancangan kota. Saya dapat bertemu dengan banyak teman baru yang sangat cerdas, bersemangat tinggi, dan ahli pada bidangnya masing-masing. Saya juga mendapatkan kesempatan berkonsultasi dengan para pengajar dan pembimbing YPP ISOCARP yang telah memberikan saya banyak informasi, pengetahuan dan rasa di bidang perancangan kota.

Tetapi sekarang, Bogor dan Jakarta sudah menjadi lokasi yang memiliki keragaman etnis dan budaya. Tidak hanya kelompok etnis dari Indonesia tapi juga luar Indonesia. Saya sendiri sekarang bekerja untuk sebuah perusahaan Perancis, atasan saya adalah berkebangsaan Inggris, dan kebanyakan rekan kerja saya berasal dari Singapura. Saya tinggal di Jakarta dan sudah pernah bertetangga dengan keluarga yang berasal dari Korea Selatan, Jepang dan India.

Setelah mengikuti presentasi Prof Ali A. Alrouf mengenai karya Beliau untuk menghasilkan buku untuk melestarikan desain tradisional Qatar, saya menyadari bahwa Indonesia masih kekurangan panduan atau referensi buku sebagai alat untuk melestarikan dan mengintegrasikan elemen arsitektural tradisional etnis pada desain-desain modern, khususnya untuk Sebagai seseorang yang terkadang suka mempelajari kawasan TOD Dukuh Atas, khususnya untuk pelestarian dan sejarah, saya turut merasakan tantangan untuk tidak hanya pengembangan kawasan kampung. Sebuah pelajaran lagi mengembangkan elemen perkotaan, tetapi mempertahankan untuk dipetik. elemen budaya pada Jalan Suryakencana, Bogor dan pada TOD Dukuh Atas di Jakarta. Saya tahu kota Bogor dahulu disebut Setelah semua hal yang sebutkan di atas, saya sangat Pakuan, ibukota dari Kerajaan Pajajaran yang berasal dari merekomendasikan untuk semuanya, CITIZEN OF THE WORLD etnis Sunda. Jakarta sebelumnya diberi nama Batavia oleh / PENDUDUK DUNIA, yang sangat tertarik pada bidang Belanda, namun sebelum itu, namanya adalah Jayakarta yang Perencanaan Wilayah dan Kota untuk bergabung dengan berarti “Kota Kemenangan” atau makna yang lebih dalam lagi ISOCARP dan juga mencoba YPP Workshop, mengasah otak adalah “Kota yang diperoleh melalui tindakan atau usaha”, dan keterampilan untuk menghasilkan ide-ide untuk mencoba dan sebelum itu namanya adalah Sunda Kelapa karena dahulu memecahkan masalah nyata dan mencoba menciptakan merupakan wilayah etnis Sunda dengan banyak pohon kelapa. BETTER CITIES / KOTA-KOTA YANG LEBIH BAIK.

- Muhammad Adhisukma Indonesia 8

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Photo credit: Reza Ayomi Planning Beyond Limits: Building liveable communities

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Tentang publikasi ini

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Kata Pengantar

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Pentingnya Placemaking dalam konteks Indonesia

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Menghubungkan kembali masyarakat

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Perspektif lokal

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Kisah dua kota Jakarta Bogor

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Dokumentasi lokakarya

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Proyek & proposal grup Dukuh Atas, Jakarta Suryakencana, Bogor

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Kesimpulan

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Kata penutup

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Pemikiran akhir

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Orang yang terlibat

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Tentang ISOCARP Tentang IAP

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About this issue

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Foreword

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Importance of placemaking in the Indonesian context

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Re-connect the people

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Local perspective

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Tale of two cities

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Jakarta Bogor Documenting the workshop

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Group projects & proposals

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Dukuh Atas, Jakarta Suryakencana, Bogor Conclusion

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Afterword

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Final thoughts

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People involved

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About ISOCARP

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About IAP

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Sebagai salah satu lokakarya Perencana Muda Profesional ISOCARP terbesar hingga saat ini, sekaligus yang pertama diselenggarakan di Asia Tenggara, terdapat ekspektasi dan ambisi yang tinggi terhadap acara ini. Sebuah Tim terdiri dari empat koordinator internasional (Kanada/Australia, Australia, Jerman/Belanda dan Malaysia) dan empat koordinator lokal (Indonesia) bersama-sama menyiapkan dan memfasilitasi lokakarya dengan hampir 50 peserta dari seluruh dunia. Sebagai tindak lanjut Kongres, Tim Penyunting yang terdiri dari Rouve Bingle (Afrika Selatan) dan Siddarth Khakhar (Hong Kong) memimpin proses penyempurnaan sebagian materi dan menyusun seluruhnya untuk edisi ISOCARP BUZZ ini. Mengingat daya tarik internasional ISOCARP khususnya Kongres ini, maka penting untuk mengembangkan publikasi ke dalam versi bilingual (Bahasa Indonesia & Inggris), di mana saja dimungkinkan, guna menarik pembaca lokal Indonesia. Kami setulusnya berharap Anda menikmati penjelajahan ide dan proposal dari Perencana Muda Profesional ISOCARP 2019. Kami mengundang Anda semua untuk berbagi pemikiran Anda dengan koordinator dan partisipan, tentang cara membangun komunitas layak huni.

- Tjark Gall, Rouve Bingle & Siddharth Khakhar Photo credit: Agung Yunianto 12

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Being one of the largest ISOCARP Young Planning Professionals’ workshops to date, as well as the first one hosted in Southeast Asia, the expectations and ambitions for this event were equally high. A team of four international coordinators (Canada/Australia, Australia, Germany/ Netherlands and Malaysia) and four local coordinators (Indonesia) came together to prepare and facilitate the workshop with nearly 50 participants from around the world. In the aftermath of the Congress, the editing team of Rouve Bingle (South Africa) and Siddarth Khakhar (Hong Kong), led the process of refining some of the materials and compiling everything for this edition of the ISOCARP BUZZ. Given the international appeal of ISOCARP and particularly this Congress, it was important to expand the publication into a bilingual version (Bahasa Indonesia & English), wherever possible, in order to appeal to the local Indonesian audience. We sincerely hope that you enjoy exploring the ideas and proposals of the 2019 ISOCARP Young Planning Professionals. We invite you all to share your thoughts, with both the coordinators and participants, on how to build liveable communities.

- Tjark Gall, Rouve Bingle & Siddharth Khakhar

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Perbedaan kualitas antara Kota Metropolitan Jakarta dan Kota tetangga Bogor terlihat nyata ketika seseorang berjalan di masing-masing Kota dan menikmati pesona uniknya. Meskipun kedua Kota terjalin dalam suatu konurbasi perkotaan yang sama, Jakarta dan Bogor menawarkan pengalaman yang sangat berbeda. Hal ini tampak jelas bagi Perencana Muda Profesional (Young Planning Professionals/YPP) asing yang memiliki sedikit pengetahuan awal dan paparan terbatas terhadap konteks geografis, sejarah, dan sosial Indonesia. Pengalaman selama Lokakarya YPP mengingatkan akan salah satu ungkapan “Kisah Dua Kota� yang terinspirasi novel Charles Dickens tahun 1895 berjudul serupa. Temanya relevan dengan saat ini, lebih dari 125 tahun sejak novel tersebut ditulis. Kalimat pembuka novel diawali dengan “itu adalah saat terbaik, itu adalah saat terburuk�. Frasa ini sebagian merujuk pada awal Revolusi Perancis dan kebangkitan industrialisasi. Ini menyiratkan pergeseran paradigma urban pada cara masyarakat hidup dan bekerja. Saat itu merupakan era kesadaran baru, perjuangan kelas, dan perubahan radikal yang kemudian mengikutinya. Paris dan London adalah pusat cerita dan menunjukkan bagaimana pendekatan sosial, politik, dan budaya mereka yang unik mengarah ke trajectories urban yang berbeda. Dalam mengeksplorasi Jakarta dan Bogor, orang kemudian memahami aktivitas mereka yang unik. Jakarta dan Bogor juga disandingkan, seperti Paris dan London dalam novel di atas dan orang harus memperhatikan bagaimana keduanya beroperasi dalam konteks modern kita. Masyarakat Indonesia juga dihadapkan dengan tantangan radikal urban yang mengingatkan pada revolusi industri pertama. Dampak globalisasi, perubahan iklim, teknologi, dan peningkatan kesenjangan telah membawa banyak orang ke kondisi curam perkotaan. Dickens berbicara tentang kemampuan seseorang untuk mentransformasi dan menciptakan dirinya kembali. Dalam konteks kota-kota modern, hal ini tampaknya juga berlaku untuk Jakarta dan Bogor. Photo credit: Siddharth Khakhar 14

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The differences in qualities between the metropolis of Jakarta and the neighbouring city of Bogor is evident as one walks their streets and take in their unique charms. Although they are interwoven into the same urban conurbation, they offer very different experiences. This is especially evident to us as foreign Young Planning Professionals (YPPs), who had little previous knowledge and exposure to Indonesian geography, history and social context. The experience during the YPP workshop reminds one of the phrase ‘a tale of two cities’ as inspired by Charles Dickens’s 1895 novel with the same title. The themes are relevant even today, more than 125 years since it was written. The opening line starts with “it was the best of times, it was the worst of times”. This phrase refers, in part, to the beginning of the French Revolution and the rise of industrialisation. It signalled a new urban paradigm shift in the way people lived and worked. It was a era of new consciousness, class struggles and of the radical changes of power that would eminate from it. Paris and London are central to the the story and demonstrate how their unique social, political and cultural approaches lead to different urban trajectories. In exploring Jakarta and Bogor, one comes to understand their unique agency. Jakarta and Bogor are similarly juxtaposed, much like Paris and London in the novel although one must understand how they operate in our modern context. Indonesians are also confronted with radical urban challenges reminiscent of the first industrial revolution. The effects of globalisation, climate change, technology and rising inequality has brought many people to an urban precipice. Dickens talks of the ability for one to transform and recreate oneself. In the context of modern cities this also seems true for Jakarta and Bogor.

- Rouve Bingle

- Rouve Bingle Planning Beyond Limits: Building liveable communities

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Zeynep Gunay, ISOCARP Board, Director of Young Planning Professionals’ Programme

I am highly honored to present you our Society’s latest YPP publication, BUZZ ©YPP, of the 2019 Jakarta & Bogor Young Planning Professionals’ Workshop. The Young Planning Professionals’ Programme is a crucial component of ISOCARP’s dedication to promote and enhance the planning profession and commitment to facilitate knowledge for better cities with the young generations and the future leaders of our profession. Since 1991, it has become the creative spirit of the ISOCARP itself. While performing a source of critical debate and rejuvenation for the Society, it has made a huge impact on participants’ professional lives to share their experiences on real-life planning problems, to transfer knowledge and skills in an attempt to resolve complex and multi-dimensional planning issues, exchange ideas in the name of the universal vision of promoting and enhancing planning profession. It has also contributed towards making life-long friendships beyond borders, languages, cultures and professional backgrounds. According to the 28 year-old tradition of Young Planning Professionals’ Programme, the YPP workshop was offered again this year prior to the 55th ISOCARP World Planning Congress, which took place in two cities of Indonesia, Jakarta and Bogor. Besides being the first step of ISOCARP into the fabulous geography of Southeast Asia, its regional focus through the collaboration between Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore planning associations was unique. The workshop itself was held between 4 and 8 September, and organised in partnership with the Indonesian Association of Urban and Regional Planners (IAP), and in collaboration with the Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN) Young Planners Group, Bandung Institute of Technology, Universitas Tarumanagara, Malaysian Institute of Planners (MIP) and Singapore Institute of Planners (SIP).

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Beyond the metropolis

From Jakarta to Bogor: Tale of two cities

As stated by Martina Juvara, General Rapporteur, “with urbanisation continuing at pace and a globalizing economy, metropolitan areas are morphing into megacities: a different model of urban development, which is no longer the unexpected by-product of fast growing countries – a beacon to be followed for some, and for others simply dehumanizing”. Regarding this agenda, the congress focused on investigating the future and the opportunities offered by these cities without limits, exploring their supposed inevitability but also on the possible alternatives for achieving global influence without the mega-scale – by exploring ‘planning beyond limits’. 2019 Young Planning Professionals’ Workshop contributed to this ambitious agenda with an ambitious programme on ‘Planning Beyond Limits – Building Livable Communities’.

Envisioned to provide an interactive and diverse platform to respond to these questions, two case study areas were defined within two cities. The first case study area is the transit-oriented development (TOD) area at Jakarta’s Dukuh Atas - the first integrated transit area built by the DKI Jakarta Government. This very central location is the first transit area built by the DKI Jakarta Government. Located at the intersection of major transport nodes of central office and retail centres, it is surrounded by, on one hand, a (historic) slum neighbourhood, kampung, and on the other hand a high income historic neighbourhood, menteng. It is expected to be an interconnected area between diverse transportation modes and pedestrian-friendly environment. The new addition to the Jakarta MRT has been operational since March 2019, making this area the perfect example for TOD development.

A call for reinventing planning, exploring the unfamiliar and thinking beyond the limits

Urban development in Indonesia is challenged to fulfill the needs of the people to increase their capacity to compete globally while at the same time maintain sustainability of the cities. Almost 40% of Indonesian citizens are dissatisfied with the living quality of the cities in which they live, according to the recently released 2017 Indonesia Most Livable City Index by the IAP. Within this intense urban agenda, the workshop was a call to explore alternative futures and strategies for three key thematic fields ‘Limitlessness’, ‘Connectivity’ and ‘Livability’. This publication is the product of an intensive 4-day urban laboratory on Jakarta and Bogor beyond of metropolises and limitless cities, while responding the questions: What is the global role of megacities? Can cities without limits be planned? What are the strategies to promote livability, well-being, exemplary sustainability, innovation and responsive governance? Planning Beyond Limits: Building liveable communities

The second case study area is the so-called ‘Chinatown’, known as Jalan Suryakencana of Bogor, a historic corridor of Bogor’s trading activities since the Dutch colonial period which acts also as the backbone of surrounding slum areas. Jalan Suryakencana has a unique pattern of buildings and settlements with Chinese, Dutch and Sundanese characteristics. It also offers culinary diversity, which shows the typical food of the city, including pickles, laksa and others.. The area is a combination of heritage and cultural heritage areas, strategic trade & service areas, as well as a center for residential activities and social activities. From the various important values of the region, the essential picture of the Suryakencana area as the heart of the city of Bogor is undeniable.

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Planners beyond limits

Through the great hospitality and commitment of our host, the Indonesian Association of Urban and Regional Planners (IAP) and its great team of Meyriana Kesuma, Nadia Ayu Rahma Lestari and Rais Kandar, together with Dhian Ivanna, Mas Aji Adi Purnomo and Sintang Boentoro; the coordinators including Michael Stott, Tjark Gall, Rene Fu Swee Yun, Hayley Phillips, Bima Purnama, Adipandang Yudono, Inez Darmalia, Arya Lahasa Putra contributed extensively and tirelessly to share their valuable expertise, knowledge and support. Thank you! And of course our YPPs! The 48th YPP workshop brought together 50 Young Planning Professionals from 20 countries – showcasing the global territorial outreach of ISOCARP and defining an alumni pool of 1028 young professionals in 28 years. What a great country, what a great team! I thank all of you for becoming part of our ISOCARP World! The four days of the intensive workshop were spent on guided site visits (even guided by the Major of Bogor Bima Arya Sugiarto himself) and introductory seminar series by Colin Choo from Singapore Institute of Planners and Muhammad Daud from Jakarta Governor’s Delivery Unit. Pulse Lab Jakarta contributed through an alternative big data workshop for ‘new-breed’ of planners –in their own words. The team was also invited for special presentations to Bima Arya Sugiarto, the Major of Bogor and Afan Adriansyah Idris, the Head of DKI Jakarta City and Environmental Planning and Management Bureau. I would like to thank them for their extensive support. The ‘endless’ nights ended with a successful and exciting presentation during the 55th ISOCARP World Planning Congress Plenary Session on 11 September. The workshop results were also publicised through the YPP Exhibition during the congress both in Bogor and Jakarta.

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Narratives inspiring and shaping urbanism and planning beyond limits

The proposals which were embroidered strategically and creatively by the YPPs – on the times left from eating- (under the continuous tracking of Sintang Boentoro’s the camera lens) included eight projects: “Beyond TOD” reclaiming the megacity through inclusive and creative planning as a response to the challenges of environment & health hazard, exclusive development, limited transit experience; Justainable Jakarta” envisioning justice and sustainability as a response to the problematic of social inequality – green spine, reconnection with water and community design within a period of 2020 to 2040; “TOD Dukuh Atas” connecting people in the heart of Jakarta in a trilogy of work, live and play; “TOD” for the government to intervene on the ‘master developer’ in order to set a new standard for TOD developments within the city; “Suryakencana: Dragon Spine” regulating the movement – strengthening regional connections, creating the core – hub of commercial and cultural activities, protecting the heart – respecting the history of the place based on connectivity, identity and visibility; “Bogor: Connecting Heart with Soul”, introducing regenerative planning through cultural integration and nature through three layers, connecting the green heart, blending cultures and enhancing livelihoods; “One Step at a Time” inspiring Bogor to become a more connected and livable city, by introducing a walking friendly, accessible and healthy milieu; and last but not least “Connecting Culture Community” telling the story of Surken and celebrating cultures through a heritage trail, sustaining the sense of community through open green spaces, enhancing the feeling of connectivity through alleyways and inviting social encounters.

Planning Beyond Limits: Building liveable communities

The workshop also manifested an innovative and creative approach to our more than 25 years old programme by introducing new modes of methodology such as the ISOCARP’s first ‘Flashmob’ or ‘Pirate’ Public Hearing in open public space (acknowledged to be the first in Jakarta!), through which the workshop results were shared with Jakarta citizens at the TOD Dukuh Atas Tunnel: ISOCARP goes Public! Following the success of urban lounges, this year we reclaimed the TOD tunnel with YPPs. What a great day it was! In a nutshell: The Bogor Poem Kota Bogor, kota hujan Kalau mampir, jangan lupa makan Bapak-bapak ibu-ibu sekalian Terima kasih sudah mendengarkan by YPPs Gifari Rahman Alif, Christina Rasmussen, Raeesa Ghoor, Satyajit Mal and Nurshahira Hasnan To everyone who contributed to the 48th YPP Workshop: Your incredible commitment, excitement, wisdom and hospitality made the 48th YPP workshop of ISOCARP a unique and delicious experience. Thank you! Terima Kasih! As I say, “All work work and no play makes YPPs happy” I hope this unique publication will make an influential and inspiring impact on the way to rethink and reinvent planning beyond limits.

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Nadia Ayu Rahma Lestari IAP Chair of YPP Workshop

“Do not try to make circumstances fit your plans, make plans that fit the circumstances”. This quote by George S. Patton might be the best to reflect on urban planning nowadays. Oftentimes people make plans that are inflexible, so that any modifications in the area should be adjusted to the existing plan. Planning should be dynamic and adaptable to fit any conditions. A planner should never make plans based on existing condition, but also looks both to history and the future for what might become, based on the facts and policies. This is something that I think not many planners in my country take into account, the ability to look back and also forward, while considering all the elements. This also extends to me, as I still have a lot to learn in the professional planning world. Young Planning Professionals’ workshop by ISOCARP is one of the great platform to learn and celebrate the knowledge of young planners. I was so excited the first time I heard that ISOCARP would come to Jakarta and bring the YPP workshop here. It was an honour for me being able to help and coordinate the workshop along with the Indonesian Association of Urban and Regional Planners as the local coordinator. This year’s location for the case study, TOD Dukuh Atas and Suryakencana in Bogor, were perfect because they both have so much culture,

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complexity and things to explore for planning. Some of participants jokingly complained to me because there are so many things happeneing in both, they couldn’t decide where to start and what to prioritize in conceptualising their solutions! In the end it was amazing to see that the participants were able to deliver such good planning solutions and some were really out of the box – we have not thought about some particular solutions before. It was also fascinating to see the planning process during the workshop. From surveying the site, to how the participants identified problems, doing the analysis and coming up with different possible solutions with their beautiful drawings - all of it was very interesting. Hopefully the results will be useful, for both the cities of Jakarta and Bogor, and they can take some lessons from it or perhaps consider to apply some ideas. The Jakarta and Bogor’s Provincial Government are thankful for this event and opportunity to have their city used as case study area for this workshop. YPP has definitely brought a new perspective and experience to us, the locals, in terms of how urban planners make plans.

this workshop. I’m very grateful that I’ve been given the chance to be involved in such a wonderful international workshop. I want to express my massive gratitude to Zeynep and Frederico from ISOCARP HQ and all the international coordinators who were a great team and inspiration for me and the local participants. All in all, it has been an insightful and fun few days at the ISOCARP YPP workshop. I may not have been a participant but felt the warmth and welcome from all individuals as if I was a part of this workshop – well I am, in a way – and I learned a lot. Most importantly, I made friends and connection and hopefully it will last for the longest time. Looking forward to the next YPP workshop and being one of the participants myself!

I should thank Meyriana who accompanied me on behalf of Indonesian Association of Urban and Regional Planners, as LOC, to prepare for

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Menna “Egyptian (Urban Planning) Queen”

Planning Beyond Limits: Mariana “a.k.a Mariana 2”

Michael “Designing for people is his thing”

Hayley “She loves being part of such workshops”

Rouve “Words. Also the editor of this report”

Satyajit “Babu-moshay”

Felicia “Designer in the making”

Yulia “From Russia with Love”

Sindi “Queen of the dragons”

Peter “Wants to retire in Rural Pennsylivania” Serin “Undiscovered artist”

Noora “One for Qatar”

Diva “Silent waters runs deep”

Elias “Forever Young” Rene “The shoulder we cried on”

Mariana “a.k.a. Mariana 1” 22

Muhammad “Finance and Economics are certainly his thing”

Tatha “You should see his dance moves”

Yudha “Powerful presenter”

Alfin “Future of Indonesia” Garry “Making Malaysia proud”

Joel “Forget Changi, he’s the jewel of Singapore”

Yassine “Poster boy of ISOCARP. Literally.”

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Daniel “Living the world, one step at a time”

Cho “Uppa Gangnam Style”

Tjark “German Ryan Gosling”

Andrey “a.k.a the Russian Borisow” Christina “Norwegian oracle”

Anggar “Good writer”

Anna Raeesa Brian “South African “Heart of the UN” soul” “Performer of the year”

Zeynep “The Grande Dame of YPP”

Daniel “Mambo No.5”

Yogi “Lively Indonesian” Gilfari “Captain Indonesia”

Fadley “Superstar presenter”

Dian “Most animated presenter” Ananya “She’ll keep you well fed”

Sid “Awkward designer of this report ”

Arya “Pinnacle of Indonesian hospitality”

Planning Beyond Limits: Building liveable communities

Azrina “Huge Starwars fan”

Vinda “Saving the environment”

Aditya “Justifying Jakarta”

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Michael Stott, ISOCARP International Coordinator Ethos Urban, Australia

Hayley Phillips, ISOCARP International Coordinator Deicke Richards, Australia

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When we hear the word placemaking, we don’t immediately think of cities like Jakarta. Instead, we turn our minds to more wellknown places like Bryant Park in New York, Kings Cross in London or Circular Quay in Sydney. Photos of colourful pop-ups and tactical urbanism interventions regularly make the rounds on various social media channels. In other words, the first places we think of are ones which are familiar and often in a western context. In the Global South, placemaking has had a history of being relatively misconstrued as limited to beautification projects with little impact. In fact, this couldn’t be further from the truth. Across the globe, particularly in economically disadvantaged areas, placemaking initiatives have been proven to provide opportunities for communities to capitalise on local assets. Placemaking inspires, develops potential and prioritises people’s health, happiness, and wellbeing. According to research by the Project for Public Spaces (PPS) and UN-Habitat, successful public spaces facilitate social capital, economic development and community revitalisation. “What defines a character of a city is its public space, not its private space. What defines the value of the private assets of the space are not the assets by themselves but the common assets. The value of the public good affects the value of the private good. We need to show every day that public spaces are an asset to a city.” – UN Habitat Executive Director Joan Clos i Matheu

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In the context of Indonesia, urbanisation continues to happen at an accelerated pace. The result of this growth has meant that cities are not being responsibly planned and can’t keep up. Most affected are those who are disadvantaged and vulnerable. Children, the disabled and elderly inhabitants who lack the ability to navigate safely through a highly trafficked and haphazard built environment can suffer most. This situation is complicated further by the rise of the privatisation of public space which all too often displaces those from a lower socioeconomic status.

of this traditional way of living which offers a true sense of community and belonging. These areas are not perfect by any means, but they encompass some of the basic principles of placemaking that many western cities struggle with.

So what is Placemaking? Placemaking inspires people to collectively reimagine public spaces as the heart of every community. Establishing a strong connection between people and the places they share, placemaking is a collaborative process by which we can shape our living spaces and What quickly becomes apparent when visiting cities like Jakarta, is enhance our lives, interactions and experiences. the places in between the buildings have been forgotten. The grand internal shopping malls are popular, and air-conditioning is a welcome Placemaking concentrates on the physical, cultural, and social retreat from the humidity and haze. But try walking anywhere and you influences that define a place and support its ongoing evolution. quickly realise this is not a city for pedestrians. Interestingly, the With the peoples’ participation at its core – an effective placemaking most pedestrian-friendly and well-connected areas are the kampung process leverages a community’s assets and potential – which (traditional housing areas or ‘slums’) where people are the priority, not invariably results in the establishment of well-loved public spaces. cars. Here the streets are too narrow for cars to navigate. Laneways are This makes placemaking all the more important, particularly in cities considered a communal asset, a shared responsibility and are used like Jakarta. Placemaking is about building sustainable and creative as a de facto domestic space to grow food, eat and socialise. Pop-up places, strengthening communities and including those who are the businesses fill the laneways each night as people take ownership of most vulnerable in the process. the outdoors for their evening rituals. There is an emerging trend where non-residents are choosing to move to these neighbourhoods in favour

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How can we start to prioritise Placemaking? When municipalities are struggling economically, investment in public spaces may be seen as a non-essential expenditure. But the truth is that even a small investment in quality public space delivers a manifold return to the cities with the foresight to see its value. By strengthening the social fabric, providing economic opportunity, and boosting the well-being of citizens, public space can make limited resources go further and enrich the community both socially and

Primary access for housing in the kampung, beautified by residents. 26

monetarily. Back alleys, neglected courtyards, and stairways may escape our notice -- but these are nonetheless among a city’s most underutilised and potentially valuable assets. Because they belong to everybody, they are perceived as belonging to nobody. And yet if they are claimed, and owned, and developed as a community asset, they can be harnessed to strengthen and build stronger, healthier, happier and safer communities.

Pop-up retail outside train station I S O C A R P Y P P W o r k s h o p , J a k a r t a & B o g o r 2 0 19


The Placemaking approach is defined by the recognition that when it comes to public spaces, “the community is the expert�. Each place, and each culture is unique. Questions of societal norms, climate, and tradition must all be considered. What works for a Northern Hemisphere city might be completely inappropriate for one in Southeast Asia. Therefore, every culture needs to find the tools and approaches that work for them.

The commitment to re-establish a new Indonesian capital outside of Jakarta brings with it a wealth of opportunity to engage with the general public and embed them in the planning process, a critical part of any functioning democracy. Imagine a city where people and places are the first priority. Public transport and cycleways link active and vibrant neighbourhoods to workplaces, open spaces and places of worship. This opportunity exists if we engage with the experts – the community.

YPPs engaging with the public at the railway underpass. The underpass was recently upgraded to include public art, programmed events, security and lighting.

Every Sunday, residents of Jakarta have pedestrian access to the major highway through the centre of city. Pop-up retail, food stalls, exercise classes and political demonstrations all take advantage of this new temporary space.

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This was my first ISOCARP YPP workshop. Representing Malaysia as a coordinator, and working together with the international and local participants, I found my role as a facilitator to be impactful and inspiring. After completing the intensive workshop, the most memorable experience that stayed with me was that of interacting with the people of Jakarta and Bogor.

Rene Fu Swee Yun, International Coordinator Malaysian Institute of Planners, Malaysia

These two cities are definitively different in terms of dynamics and character. The settlement within the transit oriented megacity of Jakarta consisted of lively communities living in the low-rise kampung villages with its narrow alleys. Bogor, the satellite town 40 km away from Jakarta, welcomed visitors with a green city park at its gateway. Here, our friendly hosts welcomed guests with cultural performances and traditional food. To some extent, the urban challenge extended beyond the physical design. The test was to re-connect the urban spaces and communities with those of differing social status. These two cities witin the same region and that share the same cultural roots, have

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similar urban challenges but require very different approaches and solutions. It was a very positive experience - we were encouraged by spirited local citizens, enthusiastic local planners and an attentive local government, chaired by the City Mayor, to take an inclusive approach. We were able to engage with local communities through dialogue and brief them on the rejuvenation plan, one step at a time... As the coordinator for the Bogor team, I witnessed the young members putting in great effort to re-connect spaces with its local communities. The teams took into account the cultural and social values embedded in these people’s daily lives and translated it into useful urban strategies.

The YPP workshop provided an opportunity for the young planners, who come from different countries and professional backgrounds, to work together with local stakeholders. The diversity of ideas and perspectives enabled all to share and work as a team on real-case planning challenges, and facilitate brainstorming and collaboration towards a creative and limitless planning for all.

Observation was used to document the activities of the vendors at the morning market, the street kids playing, and the movements of residents during the rainy afternoon. Leisurely chit-chat was also made with the locals who have lived in Bogor for decades. These interactions also contributed to the proposals and designs. The focus was not solely on urban design as a means of rejuvenating Suryakencana Street, but also to bring back the diversity and unity of the lost culture of the area.

I look forward to be part of the next workshop.

Planning Beyond Limits: Building liveable communities

This was a wonderful oppertunity for young planners to re-think planning goals, reconnect people and society and to celebrate vibrancy and diversity. Let’s work together towards an inclusive city for all.

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YPP workshop yang diselenggarakan oleh ISOCARP membawa banyak perspektif baru untuk saya yang merupakan praktisi Urban Desain. Sebagai orang Indonesia yang bekerja di Malaysia, YPP workshop ISOCARP telah membantu saya memahami konteks dari berbagai solusi dan gagasan yang diusulkan dari perspektif internasional untuk memecahkan masalah yang ada di Jakarta. Tugas utama saya selama workshop adalah sebagai Local Coordinator, yang bertanggung jawab untuk mengkoordinasi dan membantu coordinator lainnya serta memastikan agar workshop berjalan dengan baik.

Bima Purnama AJM-Planning and Urban Design Group

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Sebagai Local Coordinator, saya merasa YPP workshop ISOCARP telah menjadi wadah yang baik untuk berbagi, belajar dan mengembangkan kemampuan professional dan non-profesional bagi koordinator dan juga peserta. Workshop ini juga memberi saya kesempatan untuk memperluas jaringan profesional saya, karena YPP workshop mempertemukan praktisi dan akademisi perencana kota dari seluruh dunia. Menurut saya, workshop ini sangat menarik terutama dari segi bagaimana peserta melihat dan menilai masalah, tantangan dan potensi dari kedua area studi kasus. Salah satu studi kasus yang di pelajari adalah Jakarta, kota kelahiran saya. Sebagai orang Indonesia yang lahir dan besar di Jakarta, ada beberapa aspek menarik yang diangkat oleh peserta workshop yang bahkan tidak terpikirkan oleh saya.

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Sebagai seorang perencana kota yang tidak bekerja di Indonesia, saya merasa sistem perencanaan yang dipakai di Indonesia sedang menghadapi sebuah tantangan yang sangat kompleks dan unik; dimana keseimbangan antara perencanaan formal dan informal perlu diantisipasi. Sebagian besar aktifitas perkotaan di Indonesia merupakan bagian dari aktifitas informal; dan seperti yang sering dijumpai di negara-negara serupa, komunitas memainkan peran lebih dibandingkan dengan peran individu dalam ruang kota. Ini merupakan salah satu keunikan dari sosial dan budaya masyarakat Indonesia, yang mana saya rasa sering dilupakan dalam proses planning atau perencanaan kota.

Saya juga percaya ada beberapa hal yang dapat kita pelajari dari sistem dan proses perencanaan kota di Indonesia, terutama betapa pentingnya sosok seorang pemimpin yang bervisi maju (visionary leaders), yang mementingkan kepentingan masyarakat. Pada akhirnya, sistem perencanaan kota hanya berfungsi sebagai enabler, untuk mencapai visi masyarakatnya.

Salah satu hal yang saya enjoy adalah keberagaman peserta dan juga Coordinators. Local Coordinators merasa sangat senang dapat menjadi host untuk teman-teman dari mancanegara, dan untuk memperlihatkan kebudayaan Jakarta, dan yang paling penting – makanan! Selama 4 hari workshop, para Local Coordinator mendapat kesempatan untuk Indonesia adalah negara kepulauan terbesar di dunia, dan merupakan membawa beberapa peserta untuk jalan-jalan dan makan-makan di rumah bagi 260 juta orang dengan ragam budaya, Bahasa dan Jakarta pada malam hari. norma-norma sosial. Maka dari itu, tidak ada satu solusi yang dapat menyelesaikan semua masalah. Sebagai contoh dari dua studi kasus Kesimpulannya, saya betul-betul menikmati YPP workshop 2019. yang diangkat, Bogor dan Jakarta yang terletak tidak jauh dari satu sama Pada kesempatan ini, saya juga ingin berterima kasih terutama kepada lain, tetapi memiliki tantangan yang unik dan potensi-potensi menarik organizer, yang telah mempercayakan saya untuk mengemban tugas yang memerlukan solusi dan gagasan yang sangat berbeda. Contoh ini sebagai Local Coordinator, dan saya berharap untuk dapat bekerjasama telah meyakinkan saya bahwa planning harus menjadi sebuah respon lagi dengan ISOCARP di masa depan. Saya percaya ada banyak terhadap kondisi dan konteks yang berbeda-beda persahabatan yang terbentuk selama 4 hari workshop, dan saya harap supaya dapat berjumpa lagi dengan semuanya!

Terima Kasih!

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Planning Beyond Limits:

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“

Having experienced different Indian cities, I would say that the

This cohort of YPPs was very well curated. It was a fantastic

city dynamics, vibrancy, the tangible and intangible elements,

network of young professionals from across the globe,

and its challenges were within a familiar realm that I could bringing together their experiences, skills and diverse draw parallels to.

viewpoints into an intensive workshop. Working with the local experts was extremely beneficial given the short duration

Given the complexities in these cities, there are points of dispute

of the program. Their knowledge and understanding of place,

and disagreement with the authorities as well as initiatives

people

and

prospects,

pushed

conceptual

ideas

to

worthy of appreciation. Conversations with government potentially implementable propositions. representatives who were in concurrence of this ambivalence, and willing to engage in discussions, geared up to make things With the growing challenges, in and beyond metropolises, I better. This was encouraging for a budding professional like me. believe that collaborative practices would offer the most effective

approach

in

addressing

these

complexities.

Whether it was the talks about heritage with the Mayor of Bogor, Exposure to the YPP culture, access to a network of highly or discussing the opportunities and challenges in developing a

competent and enthusiastic professionals and amazing

TOD with the Governor of Jakarta - their openness to discuss individuals, is indeed an asset for future collaborations and take in new ideas was a great incentive for a group of young and continued learning. professionals to develop proposals and recommendations in an absolutely new context.

� - Ananya Ramesh India

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Planning Beyond Limits: “

In my opinion the YPP workshop is one of the most extraordinary events that I ever had the privilege of attending. The workshop wasn’t only about learning the materials but also practicing our skills as professionals in planning and the design field. We all realized that we cannot work alone, we need partners to work together and to help each other. I discovered new things such as knowledge and skills that I haven’t drawn on before. We had great organizers, coordinators, and new friends from around the world. On the other side, we faced some challenges and problems in the team, but we persevered on. Our team successfully produced our plans and designs on ppt and poster which we presented and exhibited at the congress. Personally, I was really proud to be part of YPP family. This event would become an unforgettable moment in my life due to collaborations with professionals from around the world. I hope we will meet up again in another time, at another opportunity…

- Daniel Mambo Indonesia

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Jakarta & Bogor - Rouve Bingle


Jakarta & Bogor - Rouve Bingle


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JAKARTA “

Jakarta, despite the chaos and bustle, brings a certain kind of comfort and peacefulness to me as the first time visitor. It probably manifests from the way the city welcomes and celebrates diversity and by connecting its people in the urban spaces. I was always comparing it to my city, Kuala Lumpur. The comfort of walking through the streets, and within the spaces, is a new sensation - it felt safer somehow in Jakarta. I noticed it was the strong sense of community that created such ambience. Apart from that, the dynamism of Jakarta is hard to ignore and was probably the best part of it for me. It is indeed a melting pot of cultural, historical, and economic activities; with a mixture of skyscrapers, historical buildings, informal housings, and bustling traffic all in one place.

Our project site in China Town, Bogor, was as amazing. When walking through Suryakencana Street, I realised that apart from the gateway and temples, nothing else physically represented Chinese architecture like a typical China Town would with the building designs and facades. It hit me that that this is what Indonesia is really like - diverse but united. The place has a rich character which reflects what they really represent as a society. All races/ethnicities live in harmony and fused so well with each other. This strong connection they have is what built the strong sense of community and made it different from other China Towns in the world. I was really happy how our proposal revolved around making the place more liveable for the community. ‘Beyond Metropolis’, for me, is to look beyond what which is physical and tangible.

- Nurshahira Hasnan Malaysia

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Jakarta today...

Dutch colonialism and the Batavia era

Jakarta is the national capital and political centre of Indonesia. The city is also one of the largest in the world – a ‘megacity’ – with a population of over 10 million. The greater Jakarta Metropolitan Area, or ‘Jabodetabek’, comprise of over 30 million inhabitants and includes the cities of Bogor, Depok, Tangerang and Bekasi. The city is located on the Northwest coast on the island of Java and at the mouth of the Ciliwung River. The area is tropical, humid and at the mercy of monsoons with an annual rainfall of 1,700 mm per annum.

The old city of Jakarta as it stands today, can trace its origins back to 1619. Back then, Jakarta functioned as a strategic trading port for the United East India Company (VOC), who stormed the city, and took over its administration and planning. The VOC was a megacorporation of Dutch traders which was led by Jan Pieterszoon Coen. They occupied Jayakarta (present day Jakarta) after defeating the forces of the Sultanate of Banten and renamed the settlement “Batavia”. It became the headquarters of the powerful VOC in the East due to its strategic location (Gultom, 2018). It also led to the “displacement of indigenous population, architecture, and regimen” (Siepan Khalil & Pakinam Zeid, 2019: 161).

The population density of Jakarta is exceptionally high, for example, more than 5 per cent of the country’s citizens are crammed into 661 km2, or 0.03 per cent, of the total land area (UN HABITAT, 2003). The city centre has a density of 15,606 per square kilometre. This is translates into a massive congestion of people and their movements. As Kusumawijaya (2016: online) explains: “Governing this city is no longer about managing places but flows”. Jakarta is known for its naluri bisnis (business instinct). The city is the economic engine of Indonesia and one the strongest in South East Asia. It experienced an economic boom which started in the 1970s and lasted until the 1990s. This boom manifested in urban developments and large construction projects. Jakarta was also able to recover economically after the Asian Financial Crisis of 1997. In 2011 it was the “fourth largest economy in East Asia – after China, Japan and South Korea – and the 15th largest economy in the world on a purchasing power parity (PPP) basis” (Elias & Noone, 2011: 33). Today, Jakarta’s most significant sectors include manufacturing, construction, financial services, and public retail. markets.

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The VOC developed a fortified city which echoed the layout of Amsterdam. Many of these building still stand today in what is known as the kota tua (old town). The city was highly stratified during its colonisation and indigenous people were not allowed to live inside the city walls for fear of a revolt. The city’s design was inspired by Amsterdam’s canals and waterways. However, during the 1800s, Batavia was plagued by health risks, such a malaria, due to water contamination and bad sanitation. In the 19th century the VOC went into bankruptcy and the Dutch government took over Batavia’s administration. The city would later expand to a colonial country estate named “Weltevreden”, which is the present-day location of the National Monument in Jakarta. Batavia remained a colony until the 1940s. During decades, Batavia developed into a large and important city. This was also the first time that formal planning was incorporated into its development. “Jakarta’s urban morphology remains an important testimony to the Dutch Compagnie’s influence which gravely altered the archipelago’s structure through its prolonged reign”(Siepan Khalil & Pakinam Zeid, 2019: 171). I S O C A R P Y P P W o r k s h o p , J a k a r t a & B o g o r 2 0 19


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Modern Jakarta and beyond

Urban Complexities

The Dutch colonial era came to an end with the Japanese occupation of the city during WWII. The occupation was successful due to the inability of the Netherlands to defend its colonies during the war and lasted until 1945.

Jakarta has become recognised for its flooding, lack of drinking water, congestion and poor air quality. Parts of Jakarta is steadily disappearing underwater and is thus classified as the fastest sinking city in the world due to it being constructed on an alluvial plain which is equivalent to a swamp. The city is sinking between 1-15cm In 1966, Jakarta was declared a special capital district and gained a year per year and some parts already sit below sea level (Lin & special status equivalent to that of a state or province, also called daerah Hidayat, 2018). This problem is further exacerbated by annual khusus ibukota. During the 1970s the city experienced a real estate flooding and rising sea levels brought on by climate change. and development boom, and expanded into the hinterlands.. Foreign investment started streaming in. “Over three decades, Indonesians In a city surrounded by so much water, one would not imagine that became richer, healthier and better educated, though they also had to drinking water would be a scarcity. However, the piped water network endure an increasingly repressive and corrupt regime” (Stalker,2001: is lacking much-needed infrastructure and does not connect to all ix). residents. Development and construction experienced a significant upswing, mostly in Jakarta in the decades that followed until the Asian Financial Crisis of the 1990s saw markets crashing and currencies devaluate across South East Asia.

The city has some of the worst air qualitiy in the world. Measures are being introduced to combat this problem such as the “odd-even traffic policy, limit the age of public transportation and privately owned vehicles, tighten emission tests, tighten control on industrial chimneys and promote the use of pollutant-absorbing plants” (Atika, 2019: Since then, the markets have recovered, and Indonesia has become online). Jakarta is synonymous with traffic congestion, which costs the an important player in the global economy. “With plans for substantial city 3.4 billion USD annually. It is the world’s third most congested city infrastructure spending over the next several years and favourable after Bangkok and Mexico City. demographics, the Indonesian economy is widely expected to continue to grow at a strong pace over the next decade” (Elias & Noone, 2001). Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) is a strategic urban planning intervention and considered a multifunctional solution for some of According to the World Bank (2019: online) Indonesia is “the world’s Jakarta’s urban challenges (Purwantiasning, 2017). Not only does it 10th largest economy in terms of purchasing power parity, and a aim to reduce traffic and congestion but TODs also strive to intergrate member of the G-20. An emerging lower middle-income country, a variety of facilities, making it possible for people to live, work and Indonesia has made enormous gains in poverty reduction, cutting the enjoy recreation in close proximity from each other. This not only poverty rate by more than half since 1999, to 9.4% in 2019.” encourages less trips between activities but also a more pedestrian friendly lifestyle which has various health benefits. Planning Beyond Limits: Building liveable communities

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Planning Beyond Limits: “

YPP Workshop merupakan keikutsertaan pertama saya dalam acara internasional. Hal ini yang membuat saya gugup pada awalnya. Sebab dari kegugupan ini, yaitu pertama tantangan menyampaikan pendapat ke orang lain yang kebanyakan baru saya kenal dan kedua adalah tantangan menyampaikan ide tersebut dalam bahasa inggris, yang sangat jarang saya praktikkan. Pada akhirnya saya senang bisa mengenal, berinteraksi dan bekerjasama bersama professional muda mancanegara di bawah bimbingan koordinator professional. Tim kami bisa menyelesaikan produk workshop hingga sejauh ini berkat dukungan para coordinator lokal dan internasional. Terima kasih Dinamika kelompok juga menyenangkan selama menyelesaikan tugas. 1 hal yang paling berkesan adalah kontribusi setiap anggota sekecil apapun sangat dihargai dalam menyelesaikan pekerjaan kelompok. Satu momen yang paling saya ingat adalah presentasi public hearing di lorong TOD Dukuh Atas. Ini merupakan pengalaman pertama bagi saya presentasi luar ruangan di hadapan teman-teman asing. Meskipun menggunakan bahasa Indonesia, presentasi tersebut begitu berkesan di hati saya. Yang tidak saya duga adalah reaksi dari partisipan dan koordinator YPP yang bernada positif atas presentasi tersebut. Semoga saya punya kesempatan mengikuti YPP lagi.

BOGOR 46

The YPP workshop was my first opportunity to participate in an international event. I was nervous in the beginning and felt that I needed to beat two challenges. Firstly, I had to express my ideas to other people, and most of them were new to me. Secondly, I had to do it in English which is not my first language. In the end, I was very happy to interact and work together with many young professionals from overseas and coordinators for guidance. Our team delivered workshop products in time under local and international coordinator support and advice - Thanks to them! The most memorable moment was the public hearing session at TOD Dukuh Atas tunnel. I presented my team’s project proposals and did my presentation in Bahasa that was watched by a foreign audience and pedestrians. All the positive reactions from YPP international participants and coordinators after presentation was unexpected. Interaction in our team was so fun during the making of the project. One memorable thing I appreciate is each contribution by the team members, even if it was a little contribution. This motivated every team member to finish the project. I miss the chats and discussions in team 1 with Rouve, Yuliia, Tatha, Young, and Diva. I wish you a successful career and hope to see you again.

�

- Alfin Nurus Subkhi Indonesia I S O C A R P Y P P W o r k s h o p , J a k a r t a & B o g o r 2 0 19


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The rise of the heritage city The historical city of Bogor is located approximately 60 km from the nation’s capital of Jakarta. Bogor makes part of the larger Jakarta Metropolitan Area, known as Jabodetabek. It is also important to note that Bogor city is autonomous from the Bogor Regency, which has a population of approximately 4 million people.

Although Bogor is characterised as a residential city, its economy is shaped by agriculture, processing and chemical industries. Bogor also functions as a popular weekend destination for Jakartans. It has also positioned itself as both a heritage and green city which ties into its goal of becoming a prime tourist destination. According to Tjiook (2017: 557) “the current economic growth and the rise of Bogor is home to a mixture of ethnicities with Sundanese making up the middle class in Indonesia are important factors in the renewed the most considerable portion of the population. The city is also home interest in heritage”. Although Bogor displays much potential, such to Betawi, Javanese and Chinese people. as being included in the Jaringan Kota Pustaka Indonesia (Indonesia Heritage City Network), it is still struggling to define itself in terms of its The city has a smaller population of about one million inhabitants brand (Siregara & Amaliasaria, 2019). at a density of 8,832/km². Based on data from the municipality, Bogor City covers an area of 11,850 hectares which consists of six It must also be mentioned that Bogor is experiencing similar challenges districts and sixty eight villages. Although the city is relatively as Jakarta due to its rapid rate of urbanisation. Bogor City has been small, it is experiencing rapid growth and urbanisation (Nurwanda & ranked as the city with the second worst driving comfort in the world. It Honjo, 2018). is characterised by its slow traffic and congestion and is also known as the “city of one million angkot (public minivan)”(Sufa, 2019). However, Bogor sits within the shadow of the eroded volcano, Mount Salak, and it seems that most of Bogors challenges are directly related to the effects is characterised by a cooler climate and high precipitation, giving it the of climate change and natural disasters. Weather has become more name ‘Rain City’. This is mainly due to its higher elevation with some unpredictable and incidence of flooding, landslides, and urban heat areas receiving up to 3500mm rain per year (Kota Bogor: online). island effect are set to increase due to unregulated development and Further to this, the city appears to retain a sense of regality by the clearing of vegetation. Water pollution, due to the lack of sanitation, functioning as the president’s summer residence. Bogor houses one is also posing serious health risks. Bogor must improve its resilience of the six presidential palaces which was initially built by the Dutch strategies by introducing adaptations to climate change. Fortunately, a during the colonial era. After the volcanic eruption, the palace had response to climate change is not new to the Bogor administration. In to be rebuilt during the 1850s. 2016 the Local Governments for Sustainability (ICLEI) acknowledged that Bogor had long been a forerunner in addressing climate issues and joined the group’s “Cities for Climate Protection (CCP)” program in 2000.

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Bogor’s historical significance Bogor has played a significant role in Indonesia’s history and its location made part of various kingdoms. According to Indraprahasta [n.d.] “the first organised area of old Bogor emerged after Lieutenant Tanoe Djiwa opened the Pajajaran forest for agricultural activities in 1687 which was named as ampoeng Baroe (new village)”. During the Dutch colonial era, the settlement was named Buitenzorg which translates into ‘no worries’. Indraprahasta [n.d.] further states that “the city’s spatial planning character was much influenced by land selling activities in the Van Imhoff period. He bought an area of Kampoeng Baroe land (New Village) which is then named by van Imhoff as Buitenzorg” (Indraprahasta [n.d.]). The presidential palace was originally constructed as a residence for the Dutch GovernorGeneral in 1745. The Dutch used Buitenzorg as a summer retreat as its conditions were more pleasant than that of Batavia.

Jalan Suryakencana and its Chinese legacy Much focus has been placed on Bogor’s Chinatown which is strategically located opposite the entrance of the botanical garden. Chinese tradition is reflected all around alan Suryakencana and is strongest around the Buddhist temple (Klenteng Hok Tek).The Cap Go Meh-Bogor Street Festival, architecture and other activities also gives evidence of the influence of its Chinese heritage. The central concept of Suryakencana is that of a dragon spine. The area is further renowned for its street food and culinary traditions. Foods such as Kikil meatballs, Soto mie & kuning Bogor, talas, banana sago, nutmeg ice (es pala) and non-alcoholic Kotjok beer can be sampled as you explore the street. Jalan Suryakencana is 997 meters in length and contains 269 buildings (Khrisrachmansyah & Miffatulani, 2016).

Planning Beyond Limits: Building liveable communities

The role of Chinese people in Indonesian urban development was significant because they functioned as distributors in the economic and social systems. The Chinese settled in Bogor before the Dutch, in the villages of Lebak Pasar and Pulo Geulis. During the colonial era, the street was called “Handelstraat” (street of commerce) by the Dutch and was characterised by store-house buildings and Chinese traders. Pulo Geulis village is also another unique space that should be mentioned in order to gain understanding for the area.The village is situated within walking distance from the botanical garden and Jalan Suryakencana. It is a small settlement surrounded by the Ciliwung River and connected to the surrounding neighbourhoods through a series of narrow bridges. The area is classified as a slum but nevertheless it contains a rich cultural heritage and legacy. Although the community is impoverished and lack basic services and infrastructure, they have been able to create a colourful and dynamic place with what is available to them. The village has historically been the home of Chinese and Sundanese residents and has become synonymous with religious pluralism and tolerance. It is also the site of the oldest temple in Bogor, namely the Klenteng Pan Kho or Vihara Mahabrahma. The gate of Suryakencana, Lawang Suryakencana, is a symbol of tolerance and acculturation. The monument includes both Chinese and Sundanese features, for example, the white and black lion (Maung Putih and Maung Hitam) which sits on either side of the gate are Sundanese symbolic guardians (Tjiook, 2017). Even though Jakarta and Bogor make part of the same metropolitan region, it must be acknowledged that they are unique in their offerings, challenges and opportunities. These places teach us that in a interconnected world of fast returns, easy acquisition and homogeneity it is important to preserve and celebrate that which cannot easily be duplicated. 51


Planning Beyond Limits:

Photo credit: Siddharth Khakhar 52

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Dari Diari Yuliia - Yuliia Khairullina (Desain, konten & tata letak)


From Yuliia’s diary - Yuliia Khairullina (Design, content & layout)


MEET ING DAY

Welcome to the workshop!

Sama-sama! Going to sleep makes no sense! Starting right now!

New aqua intances a nd setting objectives the goals for the ne and xt day 56

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Searching

G

for strate gic object ives & solu tions,

We looked for the an swers ...

Analysing

drafting fi rst conclu sions

Rediscover

WO

RK I DA NG Y

ing hand drawing

site maps

Generatin

g visions a nd ideas.. .

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OR G BO IP TR

Experiencing Bogor culture in a historical tram In Bogor city, we had the pleasure of being welcomed by the Mayor. He introduced us to the plans for the city’s development and the cultural challenges that Bogor face today. He organised a beautiful walkabout for the participants and personally led us along the main retail street He talked about its ancient cultural values and the challenges of modern life. This was to become the platform for the case study and proposing our vision and development strategies. 58

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Explored the city by ourselves

Discussing the vision for Bogor’s development.

Inspired by nature

Planning Beyond Limits: Building liveable communities

Enjoying a private tour with the mayor of Bogor.

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WOW!!! Amazing!

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Really?! Can’t imagine...

Incredible!

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A T R A JAK IP TR

The city of contrasts and big ambitions The day started with an observational tour of the Jakarta case study sitethe Dukuh Atas TOD. We also explored the surrounding neighbourhoods and saw a city of contrasts: Villages and slums adjacent to modern skyscrapers. A city winning first place for traffic jams and human scale. Suddenly being surrounded by the tropical jungle but also ecological problems. Jakarta became known to me the city of people, where they live in high density but in cohesion. It is a community of peace and different nationalities. Planning Beyond Limits: Building liveable communities

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TA A D G I B DAY

The fantastic people from Pulse Lab Jakarta gave us a fascinating interactive lecture. They gave a lively presentation which triggered conversations on the use of non-conventional data for our projects. The game format was very engaging. Each group was able to work out the goals and objectives of their project, and determined how we can use big data for our projects. Bhinneka

Tunggal Ika

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Brainstorming

Planning our data journey

Creating schematic models Presenting our ideas ...

Presentation time ...

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Talking with the lovely residents of Jakarta and receiving their sincere supÂŹport for the projects

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ING T EN CIT Y S E PR THE IN

Exciting performance at Dukuh Atas TOD !

Besides the experience of communication, the opportunity to share thoughts and to hear others were amazing. When people come together through teamwork, they create new and bold projects. All the groups were allowed to do three presentations: Public speaking on at the TOD under the bridge, at the Major office in Bogor, at the Jakarta Administration offices and at the ISOCARP Congress.

Presentations by our Indonesian colleagues and doing so in their mother tongue! Great feedback from local residents and an excellent opportunity for their personalities to shine.

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RP A C O S ESS N I R NG ATIO O T C N E ES R P

Many cultures and a wealth of ideas After a 3-day workshop and 3 presentations, excluding internal ones, “Day X� had come. This was the big day of presentations for our projects at the Congress. There was a large audience from the international professional community. The speakers worried and did not sleep, practising their speeches, and focusing on the main ideas until the last moment. They spoke brilliantly and inspired the audience with their bold proposals. 66

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Connecting Culture Community Suryakenchana Adaptive TOD

Work. Live and Play Strategy

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TR A G HE MIN S R NT A W ME MO DAY

Practice!

Listen!

Take initiatives! Create!

Enjoy the process!

Act immediately!

Overcome the challenge

Present with pride!

Join ISOCARP Young Planning Professionals ! The sense of community and cohesion of unfamiliar people blew my mind. I became firmly attached to all members of this big international team and imbued care and love to them. I think how cool it would be to continue our work on these project further! This, so that our interaction was not fleeting and once-off, but that we could have the opportunity to continue or transform them into something more significant. That would’ve been wonderful! Thank you to all of you who I met in Jakarta! Best, Yuls. 68

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See you all in Doha!

ISOCARP brings people together...

What I like is the passion what we do...

Many thanks to our coordinators!

It’s so wonderfull to be here with you!..

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We came together to collaborate, listen, inspire, support and create something new. As a friendly collective, the YPPs attended the Gala dinner and self-organised a moment of appreciation at the Javan sea. We came together on the end of the pier and passed around certificates and shared kind words of acknowledgement with each other and our dear tutors. It was beautiful and one of the warmest interactions that I hope we will remember for the years to come!.

r inne D a Gal L The REWEL :FA RT Y PA

Bernardus Djonoputro, President of the Indonesian Association of Urban & Regional Planners

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Kawasan di Jakarta & Bogor - Seluruh Partisipan


Jakarta & Bogor sites - All Participants


Planning Beyond Limits:

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Jakarta is recognised for its traffic, congestion and the large commuting crowds of people. This hive of movement and constant activity defines the energy and organised chaos for which the city has become known for. The TOD Dukuh Atas, located at Jalan Sudirman in Central Jakarta, is the first integrated transit area built by the Jakarta government. This site is a well-known transport space because it intersects at major transportation modes such as the Commuter Line (Greater Jakarta Train Network), TransJakarta (Bus Rapid Transit), Jakarta Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) and the new Airport Train Network. The recent addition of the MRT Jakarta Network is up and running and Dukuh Atas MRT Station sits directly under the TOD area. This development is expected to accommodate major growth and demonstate the benefits of a mixed-use area which consists of commercial, office and residential areas plus the necessary amenities. The area covers a radius of 350 metres to 700 metres from the MRT station. In addition to connecting mass transit modes, the development also targets the facilitation of movement of the citizens in the area. In the future, it is anticipated that the area will be crossed by the LRT Network and the TOD Dukuh Atas will transform into an interconnected area of diverse transportation modes and pedestrian friendly spaces.

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Andrey Borisow

Planning Beyond Limits:

Siddharth Khakhar

Muhammad Adhisukma

Vinda Agita Ediputri

Anna Karaan

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As Jakarta continues its rapid development, the city is realizing the need to move away from traditional car-oriented interventions to more sustainable planning solutions. A new wave of transport infrastructure, linking up the entire city, has enticed the planning fraternity to radically change its perspectives, and champion the concept of Transit Oriented Development (TOD) as an important strategy for managing this growth. This is where the ISOCARP workshop project site and theme came into play. Several TODs have been planned in Jakarta, starting with TOD Dukuh Atas. With multiple transport modes converging in this central Jakarta district, Dukhu Atas is positioned to become a leading transit-oriented development. However, while neighboring cities like Hong Kong and Singapore have created efficient TOD models, the different urban challenges in Jakarta make these global models difficult to replicate. Dian Hasanuddin

Planning Beyond Limits: Building liveable communities

With Dukuh Atas, the government is not only trying to build up a new Jakartarised TOD but is also aiming to create a new standard for transitoriented development in the city. These two visions of the government were understood by our team early in the process, and around which we tried to build up our workshop project, the Adaptive TOD. By using the example of Dukuh Atas to see how the TOD concept is applied in Jakarta, we found an opportunity to propose guidelines to ensure that these developments are able to adapt to the unique context of this megacity.


Planning Soekarno-HattaBeyond Limits: International Airport

Rawa Buaya TOD

Kota TOD

Grogol TOD

Dukuh Atas TOD

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Tanjung Priuk TOD Introducing Dukuh Atas

Pasar Senen TOD

Kampung Rambutan TOD

With Dukuh Atas, the government is not only trying to develop a new Jakarta-inspired TOD but is also aiming to create a new blueprint for transit-oriented development for the wider city. These two visions of the government were understood by our team, early in the process, and around which we tried to conceptualise our workshop project entitled ‘The Adaptive TOD’. We found an opportunity to propose innovative guidelines and to ensure that these developments can adapt to the unique context of this megacity. This was done by using the example of Dukuh Atas in order to see how the TOD concept is interpreted within the context of Jakarta. Dukuh Atas is a strategically located, mixed-use area and situated in the heart of Jakarta. It has one of the main transport interchanges and currently the largest in terms of size and its convergence of flows. Transport options include the Mass Rapid Transit (MRT), bus rapid transit (BRT), metro line, airport express rail link, Light Rail Transit (LRT) and an important thoroughfare, Jalan Jenderal Sudirman. It is also home to historic residential communities and an increasing number of high-rise and large-format commercial buildings. Clearly, the most basic TOD principles are already incorporated in this area, namely high transit accessibility coupled with high density of buildings of varying uses.

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Considering the urban layers Fabric Dukuh Atas is a TOD created in a brownfield site, and new functions, opportunities and values were realised through the redevelopment. Dukuh Atas’s existing and unqiue fabric, specifically that of the kampungs (settlements) in the area, is home to an already vibrant community. Nevertheless, these communities are currently in danger of being driven out by the current approach of densification which will alter its structure. A more socially responsible method to redevelop of Dukuh Atas’s fabric is needed in order to balance current needs while driving towards future aspirations.

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Streets Even though Dukuh Atas is supposed to be a TOD, its current street system is still highly car-oriented and somewhat pedestrians unfriendly. Sidewalks are narrow and situated directly next to busy roads that generate noise and pollution. Crossing the streets is a test of courage in itself for people. However, there have been some exciting projects introduced in the area. For example, on Sundays, vehicular traffic is removed from the roads, and a burst of life is brought to Dukuh Atas. During this time the street is reclaimed by pedestrians, and a whole list of activities and interactions can take place. The reenvisioning of the main street as a public space and enhancing movement among various transport interchanges make Dukuh Atas not only transit-adjacent but transit-oriented.

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Water Dukuh Atas has existing water features such as the canal, stream and a pond but these resources are currently polluted and hidden away and with no evident measures to integrate them into future developments. From what we witnessed, the train lines already block much of the canal, the stream is fenced off, and the pond is mostly abandoned. However, if these blue elements are revitalised, they have the potential to become new points of interest for the TOD. At the same time, these can function as an open space that also helps reduce the island heat effect in the city centre.

Planning Beyond Limits: Building liveable communities

Accessibility vs Attractiveness One issue we found during our site inspection was the need to adapt the current strategy in order to allow for new development whilst not disregarding the existing elements that makes the site unique. Transit infrastructure is already in place, but it lacks a strategy that integrates the entire neighbourhood and create a Jakarta-inspired transit-oriented development. While there are many aspects (e.g. financial, economic, political) that is of relevance in creating a successful TOD model, us as Young Planning Professionals (YPPs) focused on planning and design interventions for the site. These proposals can contribute to the TODs overall wellness and attractiveness in future development.

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The WWW strategy - Who, What & Why Our team aspired to create guidelines which the government can use in their negotiations with the ‘master developer’ of the TOD. This can become a set of interventions that must be followed as part of the general TOD arrangements across the city and to ensure that the development is responsive to the needs of the people.

solutions that can combine traditional TOD requirements and also honour the local context of Jakarta.

We settled on the three elements, prudent management of which in aggregate, not only supplements the existing infrastructure and land use in many places of Jakarta, but also reveals the potential of these Going beyond the conventional TOD models, the Adaptive TOD places both in terms of their spatial access and in terms of their incorporates the existing elements of place. The aim is to develop attractiveness.

Who

What

For the government to negotiate with the ‘master developer’

A new TOD development within the heart of Jakarta

In order to set a new standard for TOD developments within the city

Untuk intervensi pemerintah kepada pengembang pengelola Kawasan Berorientasi Transit sebagai

Pengembangan Kawasan Berorientasi Transit terkini di Jantung Jakarta.

Untuk menciptakan standar baru Pengembangan Kawasan Berorientasi Transit di Jakarta

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Why

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STREET WATER

FABRIC STREET WATER

FABRIC STREET

FABRIC Planning Beyond Limits: Building liveable communities

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Fabric Our team considers the urban fabric as one of the most critical elements, and it serves as a starting point for reassessing and designing the site under consideration. It provides insight into not only the local context but also the urban one.

Zone 1: Furthest from transit

• Mostly residential and retaining kampungs • Rejuvenated community spaces • Revival of the old social amenities like bale, balong, warung… Jakarta’s kampungs (traditional settlements) are a cherished part of the Indonesian landscape, although in the inner-city areas such as Dukuh Atas, these are often run-down and deprived. Many people reside in kampungs, and it is also here where they are most vulnerable in experiencing the effects of redevelopment and gentrification. Rather than being demolished, the kampungs must be effectively integrated within the new development. Our guidelines takes inspiration from these often neglected areas. Kampungs embodies the communal spirit that transforms a space into a place, particularly one that welcomes people from different sectors of society. This closeness is exhibited by the tight-knit spatial configuration of the community and the abundance of communal areas which has become unique of a kampung.

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Zone 2: Closer to transit

Zone 3: Adjacent to transit

• Mid-rise medium density with newer development • Mixed-use, residential and commercial areas • Inclusion of community public spaces

• High density, commercial/residential structures to maximize land value potential • Existing kampung structures turned into commercial retail areas that serves as attractors • New public plazas integrating traditional social spaces

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Streets TODs are meant to provide transportation alternatives to the car. However, for this to be successful, as much attention should be given to the street. In Dukuh Atas, cars still dominate the streetscape, but as the TOD transforms into its own, the government should invest in creating different types of streets. Current examples are evident with the introduction of pedestrian tunnels and ‘No-car Sundays’. The success of these initiatives shows there is a great interest and demand for different uses.

Type 1: Upgraded vehicular streets • Wider sidewalks, larger pedestrian spaces, landscaping and furniture • Encourage more people to walk for the last mile to and from transit points • Integrate bike lanes and other forms of environmentally friendly micro-transit

We propose three types of streets that could work within the setting of Dukuh Atas and in other TODs in Jakarta. In the context of Dukuh Atas, high vehicular traffic volumes will continue for the next several years; however, measures can be introduced in order to upgrade these streets to also serve pedestrians and commuters and not just cars (Type 1). On the other hand, Types 2 and 3 present schemes for the exclusive use of pedestrians and how we think that would look in Jakarta.

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Type 2: Shared streets

Type 3: Pedestrianised alleyways

• Starting from the main roads, no segregation among • Completely pedestrianized, for redeveloped kampungs or commercial streetfront areas different modes of transport • Provide parking access and EVA routes but at the same • Weave through and around the entire neighbourhood time these should remain as pedestrian dominated • Plazas and open spaces laid around the entire network of these alleyways spaces

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Water Water plays a peculiar role in Jakarta’s development. It is a ubiquitous Strategy 1: Waterfront rejuvenation element and during the monsoon season, a challenge to control, but it is also surprisingly absent in the way environments are designed. By • New recreational and commercial/retail opportunities by the waterfront including water as a design element as part of the new standards for TODs in Jakarta, our team attempts to bridge this gap, place attention • Capitalising on the commercial value of blue infrastructure on it as a resource, and initiate its rejuvenation. The team recommends three water-focused strategies that can be introduced into Dukuh Atas as well as other TODs in Jakarta. Strategy 1 attempts to enhance the physical and aesthetic appearance of existing waterfronts in order to enhance its commercial and recreational activity. This strategy helps to realise the potential value of these blue spaces which is currently being underutilised. Strategies 2 and 3 are primarily focused in addressing the flooding concerns in Jakarta. These two strategies focus on creating new water bodies, in the form of channels and water squares, also common in Dutch cities, that would address existing flooding challenges. In doing so, it will also create new public spaces and points of interest within the development.

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Strategy 2: Water channels

Strategy 3: Water squares

• Flood management measures through creating more • Effective design interventions for rainwater harvesting and flood management water channels • Water channels can equate to more and varied water side • Collect rainwater during rainy season, which can then be directed towards more permanent water storage through opportunities narrow at-grade water channels. • During the rest of the year, these can be used as community social spaces as sports pitches, cultural plazas, performances, exhibits etc.

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Last thoughts By focusing on the elements of fabric, water and streets, the TOD Dukuh Atas gains a new identity and becomes not only a point of access for high volume transit but also a beautiful space which is imbued with vibracyt, local spirit and life. The actual challenges and context of Jakarta informed our proposals for this case study. We believe these proposals can be applied to future TODs within the city and become a new standard for the city’s journey to limitlessness.

ary

ity bound

Jakarta c

Kota TOD

Rawa Buaya TOD

Tanjung Priuk TOD

Grogol TOD Pasar Senen TOD

Dukuh Atas TOD

Kampung Rambutan TOD Jatimulya TOD Lebak Bulus TOD Tenjung Barat TOD 90

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Zone 1: Furthest from transit

Zone 2: Closer to transit

Zone 3: Adjacent to transit

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Youngrok Cho Rong Tan Chun, Garry

Planning Beyond Limits:

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Yassine Moustanjidi

Anggar Lu

Ananya Ramesh

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Joel Tng Wei Hao

ugastama

Jakarta, as a city, is characterised as a vibrant metropolis, showing unparalleled growth but also many urban challenges. The traffic grinds to a halt at rush hour, choking the arteries of the Central Business District (CBD), and bringing with it a perennial smog. The city is slowly sinking - Continuous groundwater extraction and the weight from unrestricted development contributes to land subsidence. As a result, floods inundate the metropolis as the monsoon season approaches every year. We have only begun to understand the city’s most pertinent issues. We also recognise that any urban solution should also address problems of sanitation, access to potable water, and income inequality. The Dukuh Atas Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) has shown to be a promising solution for some of Jakarta major urban problems. It is a bold start that may inspire greater change in Jakarta, and facilitate a sustainable way forward for other TODs of the larger Jabodetabek metropolis. The Dukuh Atas TOD is situated at the confluence of five public transport nodes. When completed in 2021, it will eventually allow commuters to transit seamlessly between the KRL Commuterline (KRL), TransJakarta Bus Rapid Transit (BRT), Greater Jakarta LRT, Jakarta Mass Rapid Transit (MRT), and Soekarno–Hatta Airport Rail Link. However, the sustainability of the TOD goes beyond ridership and convenient connectivity. The Dukuh Atas, and other future TODs, will need to plan beyond the parameters of transit. TODs should also be able to alleviate urban issues, by virtue of its scale, accessibility, and premium land value.

Planning Beyond Limits: Building liveable communities


Planning Beyond Limits:

Urban observations

An analysis of the site’s strength, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) is consolidated in this segment. Our analysis is supported by observations made during four in-depth transport site visits around the TOD at different times throughout the day.

public transport mode-share increases, higher footfall and subsequent congestion can discourage the use of public transport. At the same time, the TOD should not merely be a conduit for transport but a centre of activity and vibrancy. Solutions must be also be provided for commuters to slow down, reduce the velocity of their transit, to The Dukuh Atas TOD is making substantial progress in increasing the one that facilitates interaction with the urban environment. Inspiration public transport modeshare. However, more must be done to alleviate should also be taken from the surrounding kampung spaces that is the congestion at the entrances to Jakarta’s CBD. Unplanned bus stops alive with activities in the both the day and night. can hold up an entire lane and commuters who book private transit for last-mile connections result in idling traffic around the many public Another unavoidable issue is the threat of flooding in the vicinity of transport stations. This disorganised use of multi-modal transport Dukuh Atas. Inadequate water supply to the residential areas results needs to be recognised and integrated into a system for public transport in groundwater extraction that lowers the water table and existing efficiency of the TOD. flood detention measures are insufficient. A two-pronged approach will be required to address the issue, namely proper development of Based on our observations, it appears that commuters that utilise infrastructure and increased flood mitigation the TOD, generally move from one transport mode to another without much regard for their surroundings. A potential concern is that as the

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Photo credit: Dongeng Geologi Planning Beyond Limits: Building liveable communities

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“

The vision of Dukuh Atas should be to

by creating inclusive and creative s

public transpor

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o break down the scale of the megacity

spaces, facilitated by easy access to

rt and amenities.

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� 97


Urban Solutions At the broader level, the TOD needs to maximise its potential by increasing public transport mode share, but the transition will not happen overnight. A hybrid of public and private transport options will bridge the gap in the interim. Over time, the value proposition of the TOD will take shape. This will enable the TOD to yield greater activation of its urban spaces naturally. High-density mixed-use developments will rise from the south-east corner, linking the Grand Indonesia Shopping Town to public transport nodes through a network of at-grade retailactivated linkways and linear parks. Pedestrian traffic will flow across the site, punctuated by public amenities and driven by convenience of the transportation hub. Hard spaces must be balanced with soft treatments to create quality residential, working, and recreational environments. Improved sanitation and floodwater detention will enable the activation of a green and blue corridor which will extend along the west and south edges of the TOD. This corridor will provide an alternative route for navigating the TOD and promote various sport and recreational activities. During heavy rainfall, this corridor will also serve a secondary function in terms of flood mitigation and improve the areas urban resilience in doing so. The detailed strategies are discussed in the following sections:

Graphic by: Team Beyond TOD 98

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Improving the green and blue We propose that public spaces be linked by a network of green and blue infrastructure which runs out from the heart of the TOD. Today, the Ciliwung River and the Waduk Kebon Melati contain blackwater, trash and other pollutants. This health riks must be addressed through proper sanitation as well as providing water supply for the nearby Thamrin Kampung. The Kampung must be redeveloped in-situ and supplied with basic services and infrastructure. Over time, Waduk Kebon Melati can become a natural water catchment, transforming it into an enjoyable public space. A park must be developed to the central-west of the TOD and encourage foot traffic from the centre of the TOD to its fringe. Residents, office workers and commuters alike will be able to enjoy the green and blue spaces, which will include jogging paths, pavilions, playgrounds and street lighting. This design will form a loop between the edge of the TOD to the public transport nodes. Along the Ciliwung River and Waduk Kebon Melati, the concrete walls that prevents flooding will be retrofitted with weep holes backed by deep planter boxes. Lush landscaping along these planters will slow down, and treat, surface run-off before being discharged. This spongedetention and filtration of water will improve the quality of the public space, and in turn, create a sense of pride and ownership for the users of the TOD.

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Planning Beyond Limits:

Graphic by: Team Beyond TOD 10 0

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Activating the public realm Commuters that use the Dukuh Atas TOD often race from one public transport node to another. While this is efficient from a transport planning perspective, the TOD must further develop to integrate placemaking and place identity principles. Such strategies will transform the TOD into a destination in itself and not merely a space for transit. This can be achieved by expanding sidewalks and installing street furniture as well as other basic amenities such as sheltered linkways. These new comfortable environments will encourage commuters to linger and take a moment as they sit on shaded benches. The TOD can become a meeting point before friends and colleagues move on to their next destination. The walls and utility buildings between the arterial Jalan Jenderal Sudirman and Jalan Tanjung Karang can be commissioned for murals that invigorate the urban space. Towards Waduk Kebon Melati, a public square must be constructed in the centre of high-rise apartment and commercial buildings. This oasis will punctuate the scale of the TOD and provide a space for urban respite. Pocket parks can facilitate the creation of warungs (small family-owned businesses) and inject life into the area. As day turns into night, the temporal plurality of these spaces will emerge. The human flow of rush hour will give way to a vibrant nightlife of informal gatherings, late-night suppers, and buskers.

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Capitalising on para-transit It would be unrealistic to expect that commuters only rely on public transport alone. During several site visits, we observed that before embarking or disembarking from public transport, approximately 35% of commuters also made use of private transport. These commuters used ojek (an Indonesian word referring to motorcycle taxis), bikes and private-hire cars to bridge the distance between their places of work and residence, to the bus and railway stations. Instead of altering the transport habits of these commuters, away from private transport, this behaviour can be capitalised upon and merged into a form of para-transit. Para-transit combines the convenience of private transport with the affordability of public transport. Proper linkways, collection areas and amenities can be provided to connect the flow between public and private transport. Private operators such as GoJek and Grab must be incentivised to build shelters and recessed vehicular bays, benefiting both drivers and commuters with a seamless and comfortable journey. For commuters with personal vehicles, car or motorcycle parking lots should be provided adjacent to the public transport nodes. This will encourage commuters to Park-and-Ride and ideally, over time, they will see the benefit of para-transit and make use of it as it saves time and money.

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In closing Dukuh Atas TOD will set the standard for TODs in Jakarta moving forward. It must be ensured that it does not become the mere byproduct of ceaseless urbanisation. Sustainable development will mean transitioning commuter behaviour gradually and ensuring that there are sufficient supporting amenities throughout the day and night. Fundamentally, the existing developments will also need to be retrofitted with proper infrastructure. A higher quality of living will prevent the area from degradation, as residents and users will cultivate a sense of ownership for the area. In essence, the Dukuh Atas TOD will need to become a small self-sustaining ecosystem while connecting the metropolis to the heart of Jakarta.

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Alim Fahmi Daniel Mambo

Felicia Atmadia

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Team six was tasked with conceptualising a series of urban design and planning proposals for the Dukuh Atas Transit Orientated Development (TOD). The aim for this project is to refocus and expand on the needs of the commuters who use the TOD in Central Jakarta. We also wanted to draw people out from the surrounding communities towards the TOD and partake in other social and economic activities, and in so doing, create a space that is functional, creative, safe and interesting. We believe this can be achieved by expanding on the uses of the existing development and create a multifunctional space which goes beyond the TODs transient character. THE TOD should not be a generic transplant of other TODs but a flagship place which reflects the uniqueness of Jakarta. The TOD Dukuh Atas is situated in the centre of the city and was inaugurated in April 2019. The area is situated on Sudirman Street, in the business district of Menteng, and functions as an area of convergence for three modes of transport such as the BRT, MRT and LRT. It also connects various transit nodes namely the Sudirman Station, the BNI City Station, and the Dukuh Atas Stop 2. The area is envisioned as the main transit interchange for Central Jakarta and includes development for mixed-use activities and open spaces for citizen interaction. This development comes in response to Jakarta massive challenges, with traffic congestion and air pollution, sitting high on the list. It is hoped that a more integrated and streamlined public transportation network will encourage citizens to opt for less private vehicle use and whereby encourage interaction with the TOD and the shaping of its surrounding spaces.

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Consider the site... The focus for the YPP workshop was to recommend proposals that would improve and enhance the area around the TOD. The workshop theme of ‘building liveable communities’ inspired our conceptualisation process and outcomes. For us, the focus of an improved TOD should be equally divided between that of the surrounding communities and the existing/futurecommuters.

Strength: Strategic Location

Opportunity: Integration of stations 10 6

We were able to conduct an in-depth site inspection and observe the various activities and flows in and around the TOD. The team also took note of elements such as scale, walkability, comfort, interaction, existing infrastructure, design and mixed-use activities. Our brainstorming session started by compiling a simple SWOT analysis for the area based on what we experienced.

Weakness: Lack of social integration

Photos by: Team Heart of Jakarta

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Our approach: Work, Live & Play

“ TOD Dukuh Atas: Connecting people in the heart of Jakarta.

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Work in the most integrated area Our first focus is the dimension of work. The TOD must support Jakartans in managing their busy lifestyles by connecting them seamlessly through various modes of transport as quickly possible. This is the most critical function of the TOD and should support

people in spending less time in traffic. Employment opportunities and travel time can also be enhanced by the densification of commercial development all along the transport node. Less travel time can translate into higher productivity and less economic loss for the city.

WORK

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Live in the inclusive neighbourhood The second focus is to improve liveability around the TOD. The existing neighbourhoods that surround the development must be integrated into new developments. Citizens must be drawn in and feel comfortable in making use of the area, not just as a transfer space while commuting to work, but as an extension of the place they live in. Existing residents

must be encouraged to visit and use the TOD, and this can be done by extending the pedestrian and cycle networks to their neighbourhoods and by enhancing the infrastructure in the kampungs. In doing so, the entire area will transform into a more inclusive area and one which is used by people from all socio-economic backgrounds.

LIVE

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Play in the oasis of the city The third, and last theme, is focused on enhancing the space surrounding the TOD so that people can use it for play and relaxation. The positive effects of the Taman skateboard park at the TOD has proven very successful, but further enhancements must be made to accommodate people on a larger scale. There are many areas and infrastructure that show potential, but which is underutilised, such as the rivers that transverse the city. We recommend that existing networks

along the river corridor be activated, and green spaces be connected in order to create a loop of interconnected public urban spaces. Welldesigned public open spaces is essential for citizen interaction and placemakingt. These proposals will further encourage people to use the green and blue infrastructure of the city and partake in outdoor activities which is essential for health and wellbeing. It will also mean that the spaces around the TOD are used beyond the morning and afternoon rush which creates vibrancy and urban resilience.

PLAY

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To conclude Through the concepts of work, live, and play, we believe that the TOD will become much more than just a transit hub but also a central focus for the city of Jakarta. This development will encourage interaction, creativity and productivity for all citizens.

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Peter Starr

Mennatullah Hendawy

Aditya Wilis Nugraha Serin Geambazu

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Fadly Haley Tanjung

Jakarta (Daerah Khusus Ibukota Jakarta) is the capital city of Indonesia and the largest with a population of almost 10 million inhabitants. Like many other megacities, Jakarta has significant environmental and infrastructure challenges. The city’s latest development in trying to transform its global city image, with the new Transit Oriented Development (TOD), in the Dukuh Atas area (DA). The group was tasked with creating a new set of proposals for the new TOD. A thorough analysis of the site was completed through observing its activity at different times of the day. We also talked with locals and assessed the public transport system. It was decided that we would focus on the most burning issues of Jakarta as a starting point for this project. As urban planners, we believe that local context is critical and that professionals should look beyond neoliberal agendas and global urban forms. Therefore, in our opinion, inequality is the issue to tackle. In order to fight inequality, our vision centres on justice, and our proposal is conceptualised as a “Justainable� TOD. In this manner, justice forms the prism through which the three main concepts of liveability, limitless and connectivity, are translated into. Further to this, our methodological approach is centered on finding solutions at three levels, namely the city-strategic, local and the microlevel. We identified the TODs at city level with different characteristics and proposed it to be enhanced: Manggarai (East: residential), Tanah Abang (West: textile, commercial), Kota ( North: cultural, heritage) and Block M (South: residential).

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Jakarta impressions Firstly, we observed that the Dukuh Atas TOD lacks a sense of place. It is undoubtedly efficient as a space for transit purposes but lacks identity. Many people use the train stations, surrounding bus stations, as well as the highway on a daily basis; however; we perceive the TOD as showing great potential if it were to expand on its character. The TOD can transform from being merely operational to one that is pleasant and multifunctional. Moreover, we identified an opportunity in addressing the site’s greatest weakness which is air pollution. The site is exceptionally polluted due to the high volumes of private vehicles and motorcycles that pass through the area. We think it would be inspirational if the

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proposal were to achieve a radical transformation from one of the city’s most polluted areas to an area that is green and healthy. The city centre deserves to be an attraction in its own right. We aspire to do a reputational 180 degrees where we transform the area around the TOD from a polluted extreme to a green oasis. We also recommend transforming the dormant canals and waterways. There is an extensive blue network that emerges from Dukuh Atas and spreads throughout the surrounding areas. We suggest revamping the water network into useable and accessible canals that are connected by small, cheap ferries. The sides of these canals can function as waterfronts where space can be provided for businesses and where

Site land use

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Design principles the community can engage with each other in a different setting. The sustainability of the area will be significantly enhanced by improving the green and blue assets of Dukuh Atas. A final point that emerged from the SWOT analysis relates to justice. During our walking tour of the area, we observed extreme levels of inequality: New luxury skyscrapers towered over informal settlements, and examples of the super-rich and very poor was evident. With this in mind, our proposal aims to evenly distribute the benefits of the Dukuh Atas to all stakeholders and members of the community. We want to avoid a situation where it is only the developers that gain from projects which often force the displacement of the local community.

To prevent this from happening, we propose “vertical community integration�. At the moment, the kampung is spread out over a large swathe of land and is generally constructed at low heights. This is a rather inefficient use of space in the centre of a major city where land is a scare resource. Our design process comes as a response to the challenges and opportunities identified in our analysis. Our core driving principles of the GREEN SPINE, RECONNECTION WITH WATER and COMMUNITY FOCUSSED DESIGN is illustrated through the diagrams below. The iterative process that was followed has allowed us to refine our vision to deliver a JUSTAINABLE TOD development for Dukuh Atas.

Design principles

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Phase 1 2020: Soft micro-interventions

• Add two crossings to slow down traffic. • Increase time for pedestrians to cross the street. • Create dedicated GRAB/ GOJEK pick-up areas to avoid stationary time and congestion.

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Phase 2 2025: Medium sized interventions

• Remove two lanes. • Add ferry station and re-activate the West Flood Canal through water transport. • Green the remaining main road. • Add speed bumps on the secondary streets. • Add bike lanes. • Start the process of redevelopment of the kampung in densifying with new homes and infrastructure whilst keeping residents.

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Phase 3 2040: Macro level interventions

• Remove all lanes. • Design a linear park, add street furniture and add local features. • Bring vibrancy to the area with activities and pop-up events, market. • Finish the kampung’s vertical housing project. • Transform secondary streets that only allows for residents car access. • Reinvigorate the canal transversal to our study area. • The rest of the development will be mixed-use area whereby the market assess its needs.

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Conclusions Justice and equality should be engrained in the urban planning ethos and actively persued with every new project. In doing so, we believe that the future of Jakarta will not only be more sustainable but will become a place of balance and opportunity. By introducing these philosophies into the Dukah Atas TOD, which sees the convergence of people from all backgrounds, is a worthy place to start.

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Planning Beyond Limits:

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Suryakencana Street is located in the heart of Bogor City, and is located adjacent to the world renowned Kebun Raya Bogor (Bogor Botanical Gardens). The area is historically known as the center of the city’s trading activities. History and culture has shaped Jalan Suryakencana into the area we see today but it has also recently been affected by yhe forces of globalisation, changing trends and urban blight. This one-way street makes up a small part the historic Jalan Raya Pos, or de Groote Postweg, which was built to protect Java from the attacks of its enemies. It has been the principal area of the Chinese ethnic community in Bogor for centuries. The area is a combination of heritage and cultural significance, strategic trade & services, as well as a center for residential activities and social interaction. The reputation of the Suryakencana aream as the heart of the city of Bogorm is undeniable and one that must be celebrated.

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Christina Rasmussen Gifari Rahmat Alif Raeesa Ghoor

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Satyajit Mal

Nurshahira Hasnan

A great portion of the YPP experience was shaped by the interaction with our study area, Suryakencana Street, situated in the city of Bogor. During our exploration of the iconic streetscape and its surrounds, three themes emerged as evident and existing potentials in implementing our proposals for this project. They are community, culture and connectivity. These three C’s inspired our brainstorming sessions and guided our decision-making over the duration of the workshop. It also made us appreciative of the surviving spirit of heritage, the strong bonds between neighbours and authenticity which is often hidden from the main tourist tracks. These impressions and experiences are found in the spaces where people live and go about their daily lives. Additionally, we perceived the complexity of the social fabric and history in which the neighbourhood of Suryakencana functions and acknowledge the need for initial interventions to be incremental and place-sensitive. This is to assure a process of meaningful regeneration and upliftment of Suryakencana as neighbourhood.

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Cultural planning as method

Tracing Suryakencana’s historical & cultural diversity

Cultural planning according to the Creative City ‘Cultural Planning Toolkit’ (2010) is about inclusive community “consultation and decision-making that helps local government identify cultural resources and think strategically about how these resources can help a community to achieve its civic goals’’.

The Suryakencana area is inhabited by people of Chinese descent (Khrisrachmansyah and Miffatulani, n.d). The Chinese came before Dutch colonial rule and settled in Bogor to trade (ibid). The Chinese community first settled on the small island known as Pulo Geulis (Aziz Firdausi, 2019). The temple in Pulo Geulis holds historical significance as it is said to be the oldest temple in Bogor.

Key to cultural planning is the notion of equity (Plettner-Saunders, n.d). Plettner-Saunders asks with regards to cultural planning “Whose future are we planning for? Whose voices are heard? Who are the beneficiaries of planning? Arts and culture are invaluable tools to promote greater equity, to confront difficult truths and to identify creative ways forward for the diverse people of our cities”. Bogor and Suryakencana presents an opportunity for equity by reviving the Chinese, Sundanese and Dutch history of the neighbourhood. This is important particularly for the Chinese history, as many of the physical markers of the Chinatown area have not been retained (Aziz Firdausi, 2019). The monument in Bogor echoes these ideals and states in Sundanese that:

DINU KIWARI NGANCIK NU BIHARI SEJA AYEUNA SAMPEUREUN JAGA Preserving the past, serving the people, and facing the future.

Jalan Suryakencana is an old road that formed part of the De Grote Postweg that was built during Dutch colonial rule in 1808 (Aziz Firdausi, 2019). The Chinese spread to the Suryakencana street in the 19th century after De Grote Postweg was opened (Aziz Firdausi, 2019). Shops and houses were built along the road from the north by the Chinese and that is how the colonial government came to embed the name Handelstraat for the road (ibid). In addition, the Dutch had a policy of “localizing the Chinese people around Handelstraat and Pulo Geulis” (ibid). The exact date of the building of the Dhanagun Temple (Suryakencana Street) is not known. Over time the street went through various name changes. In 1905 the name of the road changed to Jalan Handelstraat, after independence it was called Trade Street and in the 1970s it changed to Jalan Suryakencana (DetikTravel, 2013). Aziz Firdausi (2019) discovers that Suryakencana identity has begun to change from a commercial to a culinary area.

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Suryakencana gate as a symbol of cultural unity: The form of a gate that has a Chinese architectural design Kujang above the gate as a symbol of Sundanese culture Tiger statue as a symbol of the kingdom of Pajajaran (Sundanese) Two black and white tiger statues symbolize Yin & Yang belonging to Chinese culture

1700

1800

1900

2000

Street starts as a commercial street. Still functions as a commercial street.

Area began to be known as Chinatown. 1740

Chinese community comes to Bogor. First Chinese settlement was on the 'island'

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Colonial government created the 'Post Weg' link from West to East Java (Suryakencana).

1845

Colonial government started to categorize settlements by ethnicity. The area around Post Weg was for people of Chinese ethnicity.

1905

The name the street Handelstraat.

1945

Handelstraat changed to Jalan Perniagaan

1970

The name changed to Suryakencana. The Chinese culture not preserved.

2015

Initiative for the revitalization of the area. The Lawang (gate) was constructed.

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Vision

Community The first theme comes from a recognition of the strong sense of community, which we experienced first hand during our site visit. We engaged with residents in the alleyways and neighbourhood of Jl. Roda and the kampung around Jl. Kp. Pulo Geulis. We were told: “The people are the best!� Both the strong sense of community and the variety of people are strengths, which we would like to enhance through our design, proposition and implementation strategy.

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Culture The second theme explores the need to promote the cultural history and diversity of Suryakencana. Our proposals expand on the Chinese heritage while also drawing on other elements of the areas 300 year history and culture, including that of the Sundanese and Dutch.

Connectivity The third theme emerges from our site and landscape analysis. We note that the corridors and alleyways that run perpendicular to Jl. Suryakencana are spatially underdeveloped. Many homes place their entrances in these alleyways and, according to a local, these spaces already have a social function. Strengthening the perpendicular alleyways would increase the connectivity in the neighbourhood.

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“

Our vision for Suryakencana neighbourhood is to create a culturally

sensitive, inclusive and connected space where the local inhabitants can celebrate the diversity of their community and historical heritage. The three underlying themes of the vision are Community, Culture and Connectivity.

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Interventions based on the 3C’s

• Heritage trail linking tangible and intangible heritage Tangible and intangible elements adds to the story of Suryakencana’s rich cultural heritage and provides the many layers of the neighbourhood’s identity. The heritage trail aims to reinvigorate these historical sites, public spaces and culinary traditions. It will also highlight the positive traits within the neighbourhood and preserve its heritage. Intangible heritage is defined as “the practices, representations, knowledge and skills associated with communities, groups and individuals that can be linked to a specific place or being more general” (Van Zuiden, 2016: 14). Incorporating intangible heritage can assist with the maintenance of community identity (Ibid). This ties in with the goals of cultural planning and the aim to create equity. The heritage trail can be implemented through the use of streetlevel interventions such as street art, for example, the tracing of coloured lines on the ground and the use of street signage. Also, an online mobile application can be created, which will provide maps of the neighbourhood and its history. Signage will guide the tourist experience for example: “Walk-around”; “Enjoy the food”; “Sight for pictures”; “Read the story on the street art”. These elements contribute in making the trail interactive, fun, educative and informative for both locals and tourists.

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• Opening public green spaces or pocket gardens within the neighbourhood: While the botanical garden at the entrance of Suryakencana is iconic, we have decided to focus on the upgrading of hidden green areas and undeveloped plots in the neighbourhood. Such green pockets can be used by the communities who live along the streets alleyways and the heritage trail. These open spaces should become a gathering place for the celebration of cultural diversity and should be designed through a participatory process with the community. This is in order to define and outline appropriate activities such as urban agriculture, gardening, places of celebration and gathering, spaces for children, spaces for art and storytelling. • Redesigning and revitalising the alleyways across the three main parallel streets - Jl. Suryacenkana, Jl. Kp. Cintau and Jl. Roda: Next, we shift our focus and move from the main streets into the alleyways. We propose to make the perpendicular corridors more pedestrian-friendly with elements of lightning, furniture and colour. For example, benches are found in front of many houses. If installed at more locations, it could increase social interactions and connections between the ‘high’ trading street and the ‘lower’ residential neighbourhoods. Connectivity and safety would contribute to the increased liveability of the entire neighbourhood and will be beneficial for both inhabitants and visitors.

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“Taman” - Community park Connect neighbourhoods near the park, offers room for locals to enjoy a break, to meet under a shelter “saung” or for children to play... This example is at the crossing of the river, incorporating the historical temple on the “island”, the end of an alleyway and a green open space. The heritage trail passes through the area. Planning Beyond Limits: Building liveable communities

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Connecting Suryakencana’s neighbourhoods

Suryakencana street

Alleyways Enhances linkages between areas and invite the pedestrian in a comfortable and safe corridor connecting neighbourhoods. Enhances already existing social encounters. "Kebun" - Community Garden Offers the local inhabitants a green space with a distinct character and allows for community gardening and gathering. The area can be used for celebrations, happenings, festivals and other activities.

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Cross-section Illustrates the topography of the area and highlights areas of opportunity to connect neighbourhoods, moving from the main street to through the alleyways.

Staggered Alleys Allows for serial vision between the main streets. Local “warung” can be the gathering point within the alleys. Benches, lightning and public art activates the alleys.

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Bridge and gateways Bridges and gateways enhances the entrance to neighbourhoods as well as the “island”. Design of bridges and gateways should integrate cultural elements and mirror each community.

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Implementation strategy Incremental planning should be combined with strategic long-term perspectives agreed upon in consultation with the community: What impact do we want to achieve in the area? Are we developing strategies that will allow Suryakencana to be an example of cultural sensitive planning? We suggest the following actions: • Building on the cultural history, from heritage trail to cultural heritage plan. • Divulge history in the public space (physical elements such as use of street art or community art) and through the development and use of an application “Surken Heritage App”. This app would include the heritage trail, map of the historical buildings in the area, a storytelling section, suggested activities along the trail, fun and educational games about Suryakencana’s history and cultures. • Develop a strategic cultural heritage plan, including historical building management (maintenance) and history management (storytelling). • Structuring process for opening green public spaces for the community. • Involving the community in programming the spaces and designing them for meaningful activities and cultural celebration • Mapping, understanding and designing the alleyways. • Mapping and define with the community needs within alleyways (e.g.lightning to oppose perception of unsafety, furniture to enhance social encounters, colour for more identity?). • Work with local artists and community to define a design with different elements and uses in the alleyways.

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Botanical gardens Walk around these historical botanical gardens that have been in existence since 1817. Gateway and temple The gateway and temple signals one entering into this cultural centre of Bogor. Enjoy the public and religious spaces that encourage pluralism and diversity. Pasar - Market The corridor provides place for local businesses. Visitors and community can shop for local food items. Kebun - Community garden Multi-religions spaces: The church A space for the Christian community of the area. Taman Lingkungan - Community park Historical temple and Open space The first temple in the area and on the 'island'. The Chinese community first settled in this area. Integrated open space for scenic view by the river and playing space for children. Dutch clinic This clinic began during the colonial area and is an example of the architecture of that period. Ngariung - Meeting open space Chinese house This house is an example of Chinese architecture in the area. Culinary experience End your route with an exploration of Sudanese and Chinese food in the area with different restaurants. I S O C A R P Y P P W o r k s h o p , J a k a r t a & B o g o r 2 0 19


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In summary We would like to reiterate that Suryakencana must call upon its own internal resources to reposition and regenerate itself. Its history, culture and stories are rich and interesting and will continue to shape its future going forward. The people and their artifacts should be unearthed and celebrated through restoration, design and technology. With support and collaboration, Suryakencana and the wider community can elevate into a flagship neighbourhood for cultural and community planning practices in Indonesia and a beloved destination for travelers who are searching for authentic experiences.

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Planning Beyond Limits: Alfin Nurus Rouve Bingle Tathabrata Bhattacharya

Diva Amad

Yullia Khairullina

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Young Elias

dea

We were selected, along with three other teams, to conceptualise a series of urban planning proposals for the site in Suryakencana Street, Bogor City. Bogor is a historical, cultural and educational centre and functions as a tourism hub for residents looking to get away from the frenzied pace of Jakarta. Suryakencana Street is centrally located within Bogor and is a culturally significant area as it has a rich and diverse heritage. In a meeting with Mayor Bima Arya, he indicated his administration’s aspirations to improve the appearance and economic activity of Suryakencana. He is primarily focused on the regeneration of the Chinese Gate and temple at its north-western entrance and activating the node’s tourism potential. At present, the area requires economic stimulation, urban revitalisation and local support. The following section is a report on the spaces that inspired our conceptualisation process, the project description and analysis, and our three sets of proposals.

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,

Let’s get philosophical Certain spaces leave lingering impressions with traveller’s long after Our planning philosophy for this project is based on all these they have moved on. This ‘essence of a place’ is not easily replicated experiences and summarised as “Regenerative planning through and can, at best, only be preserved - usually through collaboration. cultural integration and nature in Suryakencana.” As first-time visitors to Bogor we observed details with great enthusiasm and decided to focus on the elements which left a lasting effect on us. In Bogor, the trees stand taller than the buildings and the afternoon rain brings everything to a pause. Nature seems to push back against the built environment. Then there is the customs, daily rhythm and symbols of the streets which tells you that people have existed her for a long time. Culture seems to control the ebb and flow of the city just as much as the economy. From Jakarta to Bogor one cannot ignore the rapid change in scale. Everything feels smaller, closer, and more intimate. With these foci in mind we formulated our strategies according to three layers which came to define our study area: Nature, culture, and connectivity.

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We recommend an incremental and tactical planning solution, or tactical urbanism, as inspired by the work of Lydon and Garcia (2015) which enhances the temporary use of space. Community and political buy-in is crucial, and as such, we are not advocating for any significant capital investment at the initial phase of the project. Major tourism initiatives can lead to gentrification and the alienation of an area which can be detrimental for sustainability and resilience. Social problems and unrest will merely be transferred to another area of the city. Our ideas are schematically represented as a linear line with different frequencies and nodes:

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The three layers: Nature, culture, connectivity Firstly, nature is a prominent feature of the city. The gradual change from the hard surfaces of Jakarta to the rainforest-entrance of Bogor is apparent. The Bogor botanical garden and the abundance of plants always feels within proximity. The botanical garden appears to be central to the planning, flow, and development of Bogor. It is positioned as a large central node around which activity and traffic is routed. We see it as the heart of the city as it provides a feeling of vitality. Here, residents can breathe the air, interact with nature, and appreciate the benefits of open space. It provides the city with a biophilic character, and this creates the perception of urban wellbeing. In other parts of the city, one often sees nature trying to creep into the urban fabric. Secondly, the rich cultural heritage of the people makes the city feel engaging and original. Culture represents a way of life and a predominant value system. It is also difficult to delineate. Today’s societies enjoy the benefits of multiculturalism and the broader range of benefits it provides. However, it is also essential to take note of the

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complexities in discussing and understanding different cultures and when trying to incorporate it into a regeneration plan. Thirdly, we see connectivity, both physical and psychological, as a critical factor in promoting social cohesion and sustainable networks. Connections are easily lost in large cities, and people often find themselves alienated from each other. Urban detachment can be remedied through planning initiatives. Some of the sites we visited were very well connected and integrated, and others not so much. It prevents not just the physical flow of people but also their experiences and interaction. We also see connectivity through the sharing of benefits and responsibilities. For instance, we believe that the success of Suryakenchana, as a tourist hub, is also dependent on the inclusion of the surrounding residents. They must take ownership and earn a livelihood from new projects. Tourism is often seasonal so the area must be resilient in order to sustain itself. If locals can flourish here it will be a more holistic project.

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Bogor as we see it Bogor is smaller in scale, more sloping in character and has much green and blue infrastructure. It is also less advanced and more intimate than Jakarta. For instance, we witnessed the beauty of the Bogor Botanical Gardens but learned that access to the site is somewhat limited as entrances are interspersed. The Presidential Palace and Majors Office provides splendid architecture and gives the city a sense of grandeur. Massive, ancient trees protrude the pedestrian sidewalk in what seemed to be nature’s way of forcing itself into the built environment. It feels strange not be dwarfed by skyscrapers as in Jakarta. There are different scales in the city, but overall, it feels more pedestrian-friendly and less intimidating. Here space and dispersion seem to be linked to luxury and wealth as can be seen in the centre of town. The area of Suryakencana retains more of the typical density and is more crowded. Here we walked the streets and got lost along narrow alleyways that lead to residential neighbourhoods. Suryakencana presents an almost continuous and uniform streetfront of double story buildings and alleyways. Street art, stores, small restaurants, apartments, and houses dot the area. These spaces are less modern, green, nor maintained. Some properties are also vacant or seems locked in time. The Chinese gate and temple, at the northern entrance of Suryakencana,is exciting and provides mystique of another world. As we walked up the main street, it was interesting to see remnants of Art Deco, Dutch and other building styles. The streets look authentic, and it appears that there are not any tourists, except for us.

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The 3 layers: Concept to reality Layer 1: Connecting the green heart

The availability of natural resources is what defines Bogor from Jakarta. It provides a potential green oasis which is different from the congestion and pollution experienced in other areas of the urban conurbation. Green infrastructure must be valued by all the stakeholders and seen as a unique identifier for Bogor. The Bogor botanical garden functions as the central green node but green arteries should spill from it into the streets. Trees and plants should be integrated into the rest of the urban landscape, and at all scales. The tropical weather and abundance of rain make green infrastructure a self-regenerating resource which requires little input. Expanding the urban forest will not only negate the heat island effect but will improve stormwater run-off. Such a strategy fits into the global discourse around sustainable settlement and climate change action. Greening also improves mental wellbeing and health. • Re-connect street to Botanical Gardens with • Design green boulevard with trees • Implement green foofs • Create pocket gardens on vacant lots • Initiate urban agriculture projects • Focus on local flora • Capitalise on natural resouces • Store rainwater which is in abundance

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Layer 2: Blending Cultures The revitalisation of the Chinese gate should act as the kick-starter project in capturing the cultural diversity and tourist potential of Syrakenchana. However, we propose a further blending of cultures in order to celebrate the area’s entire heritage. The Chinese culture can be celebrated at the entrance and diffuse into others as one walks along the street. Spaces must be adaptable in order to host cultural events, such as the Chinese New Year, when needed. Sundanese, Arab and Dutch nodes of interest and artefacts must also be elevated and celebrated. We envision this as a blending of cultures and a means to promote

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inclusive spaces and celebrate diversity. There must also be a balance between the needs of the locals and that of tourists. The relationship must be symbiotic, and policy should be carefully considered as not to outprice people from their homes and livelihood. • Regenerating the architecture in Suryakenchana • Culture through food: Local and authetic market • Kick start the night time economy of the street through culture • Create spaces for cultural practice • Provide tax incentives for entrepreneurs • Policy to assist cultural homestays

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Layer 3: Enhancing Livelihoods The consideration for people’s livelihoods acts as the third layer. We Conscious redevelopment creates stronger acceptance within a understand that some communities surrounding Suryakenchana are local community. The process of participated planning and design economically vulnerable, and as such, they should be able to benefit demonstrates the connection between the government and people. from future developments. Other suggestions for enhancing livelihoods are: We propose that the Bogor Yogya Plaza mall be the flagship project that enhances local livelihoods. Instead of the building being demolished, we suggest a redevelopment which consist of a multi-level arts, training and cultural hub. The centre must further combine all three themes of nature, culture and connectivity: Some suggestions are for the building and design to follow biophilic principles and that part of the property be utilised as a training center for the hospitality industry and culinary arts.

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• • • • • • • •

Revitalising unused spaces and buildings Prioritise security of tenure Enhance a sense of ownership through physical maintenance Create platforms for community engagement Incentivise mixed-use Tap into the potential of art and creativity Expand on the use of street art and festivals Revitalise the alleyways that connects from the main street to the communities through tactical interventions such as street art

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Final remarks Suryakencana Street is greater than the sum of its parts. The lingering impressions that are spoken of in the introduction must be captured, dusted off and celebrated. We see this area, and the larger Bogor cityscape, as being the hidden gem of the larger Jabodetabek metropolis. We hope that with an approach of conscious and incremental improvement, through the three layers of nature, culture and connectivity, changes will find greater acceptance within the local community. We believe that if these proposals enhance the productivity and daily lives of ordinary residents, the community will be compelled to embrace new suggestions such as these.

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Radhitya Widodo Sindi Haxhija

Vaishali Aggarwak

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Brian Aldiki Mariana Fiuza The 2019 ISOCARP YPP workshop was held in Jakarta-Bogor/ Indonesia under the theme ‘Planning Beyond Limits - Building Livable Communities’. The case study area, which will be discussed in details for this report, is that of the Chinatown district in Bogor, called Suryakencana. Over time this area has developed to become a crowded commercial area. Further to this, it is also a place where different ethnic groups, languages and cultures meet. Our challenge was to come up with redevelopment strategies in order to balance revitalisation and conservation, while also fostering economic development, sustainability and a renewed liveability for the local communities.

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Analysis Bogor city, being a buffer state capital, is currently experiencing rapid city development. This is causing much pressure on the historical and cultural values embedded in the town. The case study area, namely, Julan Suryakencana, is located in the centre of Bogor City, next to the botanical garden. The street has a total length of 997m and 296 buildings alongside its street front. The main street connects to smaller residential streets and everywhere; one sees buildings with historical and cultural value. However, the area is positioned as a economic zone as it has many commercial activities. Traces of history and culture are largely hidden and unknown from people who are not residents of Suryakencana. For example, buildings which have historical or heritage value, function as shophouses and the ground floors are all converted into small businesses. These building are not well preserved or seem to enjoy heritage status or protection. Movement and flow is also a challenge in the area. The main street suffers from congested traffic which is primarily concentrated at the entrance to the market. On both sides of the street, there are sidewalks with approximately 1.5-2 meters of space, but which is mostly occupied by informal traders, making the pedestrian movement a challenge. One often need to step into the street in order to pass one another.

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Concept and vision The concept for the re-development of the area came while doing some background research on the historical redevelopment. Previous researchers such as Spopadi (2008) analogize the main entrance as the dragon head and the Suryakencana street as its body. The Dragon spine has been used as a concept, upon which our vision for the redevelopment of the area has been based on. Based on the readings and site inspections we identified the following as themes to focus on for our strategies: Creating regional connections; Street scale redevelopments; Connectivity, identity and visibility.

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Suryakencana to be a place that tells the area’s history with its physical environment, serves the needs of residents and visitors and acts as a hub of commercial, social and cultural activities by creating more unified urban landscape and social character, respecting the history of the place and strengthening the regional connections.

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Source: Sopandi, 2008 Planning Beyond Limits: Building liveable communities

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Strategies

Creating regional connections While working on the concept we decided to take a step back and have a broader view on the regional context. At a regional scale we saw that there are two main rivers passing through Bogor City, which certainly required revitalization projects to activate their natural potential. In our regional vision, Suryakencana would serve as an inbetween connection, adding to the natural revitalization of the area and serving as a third alternative green route in these 3 parallel green-blue network. Another element, which clearly emphasizes the street’s natural potential, and its further development as a green route, is the botanical garden which starts right at the entrance of the street. 15 6

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Street scale redevelopments

Reducing development pressure in the street, especially when it comes to traffic congestions and the economical activity and focusing more in developing conservation schemes of heritage and its aspects are the driving key points of our vision. Following this line of thought, we have explained our vision for the redevelopment of the area through three main principles: Connectivity, identity and visibility.

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Connectivity We want to create stronger connections between Suryakencana Street and the surrounding areas. We aim to do this by making the streets more pedestrian-friendly and by installing green pergolas along the route to create a green canopy that starts from the Botanical Garden. The pergolas will function as a green connector and will be installed alongside the sidewalks. This intervention also has two secondary functions in that it will protect the pedestrians from the heavy rains and create a visual barrier for car parking. Suryakencana Street must be designed in a way which allows for convenient pedestrian flow. We recommend two necessary interventions to achieve this namely the widening of sidewalks and enforcing rules and laws which impede non-controlled car parking, 15 8

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Identity We want to refocus on the unique identity of the area and revitalise it by using tangible and intangible elements. The aim is to interpret and incorporate some impressions and memories from the area and to elevate its heritage value. We aim to reach this by using two main elements namely street design and the food culture. Architecture helps to create a strong serial vision for the user and from this pleasant memories and associations can be devised, which will strengthen the identity of the area. The architectural styles in Suryakencana’s Chinatown show considerable variation, but it is nevertheless dominated by Chinese culture.

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Visibility Visibility ties into all the previously mentioned principles and interventions. In order to increase the historical and cultural value of the area, heritage buildings in Suryakencana need to be highlighted and celebrated. To increase their visibility, we suggest facade revitalisation and vertical signage next to the buildings as well as the creation of open parks in front of them. Some buildings already have such elements but requires upgrading. More benches and urban pockets must also be created and serve as a network that emphasise, and make visible, these heritage buildings. 16 0

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To conclude

We believe that culture, heritage and multifunctionality play a central role in realising the true potential of Suryakencana. Our interventions take much inspiration from the area’s Chinese heritage, specifically the symbol of the dragon. By focusing on connection, identity and visibility and implementing our vision through various urban design interventions, we believe Suryakencana will be able to reinvent itself as an culturally significant place for residents and visitors to enjoy alike.

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Mariana Santos

Yudha Rahman

Noora Al-Suwaidi

Daniel Petrovics

Azrina Farania

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Yogi Ananto The city of Bogor, and Suryakencana Street in particular, proved to be a challenging yet rewarding project site to work on. Following a meeting with the mayor’s office and local authorities, we came to understand that our proposals should not only focus on spatial design but that we should also consider local policies. This is due to the underlying tension between the needs of local business owners and that of the government. Local business perceive further development to Suryakencana as a potential threat to their commercial activities while the authorities perceive it as a tourism opportunity. Our team provides a variety of international perspectives and expertise. The members hail from diverse cultures and a wide geography that includes three Indonesian members from the Local Organizing Committee, a Qatari, Brazilian and Hungarian. In combination, we also have a good balance of different planning disciplines as well as architectural knowledge, design skills and social science insights. These strengths enable us to develop a solid plan for revitalising Suryakencana street and its immediate neighbourhoods. After visiting Suryakencana Street, our team noticed the liveliness but also the immense congestion in the street. For this reason we decided that the most useful revitalisation strategy for the neighbourhood would be a step-by-step process in creating a walking-friendly street. We took a multi-phase approach, by first introducing temporary placemaking elements, and learning from this in a reflexive manner. This was followed by fully redesigning the street based on our philosophy of “one step at a time�.

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Our approach We devised a two-phased approach whereby our ultimate goal is to transform the first 700 metres of the street into a pedestrian-friendly site. We believe this can be achieved within a 2-3 year timeframe. The first phase entails a period of experimentation through the use of placemaking activities. The rationale for such experimentation is that it provides for an opportunity to learn and see what works and what does not. In a public space, it is also valuable to see how local business owners and citizens respond to such changes. Since the local business owners explicitly expressed their concern over the proposed expansion of the sidewalks and reduction of the existing parking bays, a temporary approach which tests the concept, could prove useful. It not only allows for testing of ideas but also allows for the authorities to prove to the business owners that business activity and foot traffic will not decrease. Among the experiments we propose are: • An open street day, • A market day, • Parklets. • Introducing decorative elements above eye level, • Creating a street art gallery, • Introducing mobile plants. The introduction of a weekly open street day is inspired by what we experienced in Jakarta. Closing the street to car traffic on a regular basis can test how the street would function without motor traffic and showcase the different functionalities to local stakeholders. Second, a market day follows the same logic, but with a specific focus of targeting economic activities. Third, parklets explicitly blocks existing parking spaces and opening it up to new and temporary activities. This 16 6

concept is powerful as it directly challenges the car-centric mindset and provides an opportunity to demonstrate that reduced parking does not necessarily equate to reduced business. Fourth, the introduction of decorative elements above eye level allows for a space to be more engaging and encourages visitors to stay longer. Fifth, the Suryakencana street is accessible by several alleyways which are being underutilised. Finally, the introduction of mobile plants is useful in expanding green space element, which seems to defines Bogor as a city. This type of intervention can also showcase the effect of reducing parking spaces. We believe that phase one should conclude after one to two years. The second phase of the project will focus on spatial and policy changes for the area. By incorporating the lessons from the experiments in phase one, the government should be ready in making informed spatial changes. Our team further propose the introduction of a tree lane on either side of the street for water retention purposes. Also, the widened of sidewalks as well as a walking lane in the centre of the road, and the introduction of urban furniture, lighting, and canopies to protect people from the heavy rain. To compliment the mayor’s effort in making the city more physically active, we also suggest a dedicated jogging ring around the botanical garden and to pilot a two-directional bike lane on the street. Such procedures also allow for all relevant stakeholders to have the opportunity to provide input and directly shape any proposed changes. We believe this is the key strength of temporary placemaking activities. This can enhance the democratic process of the proposed spatial interventions, and provide for a neighbourhood revitalisation strategy, which can be applied at a broader scale throughout the city of Bogor.

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Vision

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Inspire Bogor to become a more connected and livable city by introducing a walking friendly, accessible and healthy Suryakencana Street.

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Implementation of interventions

OPEN STREET DAY CONDUCT A TRAFFIC ASSESSMENT How intense is the traffic in the region? Which are the alternative routes available for vehicles? THINK ABOUT ACTIVITIES THAT COULD TAKE PLACE Once the street is open, you want pedestrians to have the best experience. Think about which kind of activities would be suitable for that! SET A DAY AND TIME How often do you want these activities to take place? Once a week? Once a month? MAKE SURE THAT LOCAL DWELLERS AND COMMERCE ARE AWARE OF YOUR PLANS Advertise “Open Street Day” and make sure that the people which the routine will be affected the most are informed about it. OPEN THE STREET FOR PEDESTRIANS AND HAVE FUN!

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STREET ART MAP AREAS WITH SUFFICIENT SPACE FOR ART INSTALLATIONS Understand what areas are fit for purpose and why. Where is wall space available for murals? Where is there space for 3D objects and statues? SCOPE OUT LOCAL ARTISTS Identify figures who are present in the local creative industries, to enhance the local industry. ALLOCATE FUNDS TO THE DESIRED ART INTERVENTIONS Create a fund that supports the artists in their vision and make this scheme publicly visible to financially support the art installations. PUBLICISE THE ART INSTALLATIONS Publicise when the installations are made so locals can watch. Create a map or guide of local installations for tourists.

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MARKET DAY THINK ABOUT THE ACTIVITIES YOU WANT TO INCLUDE Which kind of market activity do you want to encourage? Do you want to strengthen existing activities or bring new ones to the neighbourhood? Be attentive of what would be suitable for the area and include local dwellers in the discussion! ESTABLISH A PERIMETER FOR THE MARKET TO HAPPEN Think about where you want the market to take place and how big you want it to be.

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SET A DAY AND TIME How often do you want these activities to take place? Once a week? Once a month? INVITE LOCAL VENDORS TO JOIN Once you have set your plans, invite local vendors to join. A good plan is inclusive and values existing local activities. MAKE SURE THAT LOCAL DWELLERS AND COMMERCE ARE AWARE OF YOUR PLANS Advertise “Market Day” and make sure that the people which the routine will be affected the most are informed about it.

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LIGHTING IDENTIFY AREAS WHERE SUFFICIENT SPACE IS AVAILABLE Locate parts of the road where sufficient breadth is available. Avoid areas where natural light is already sparse.

INSTALL THE LIGHTS / LANTERNS Install the designs, potentially involving the wider community in the process.

ENGAGE WITH THE IMMEDIATE RESIDENTS TO DESIGN Involve the local residents and shop owners in creating the designs. This should reflect their ideas and identity.

PUBLICISE INSTALLATION WITH OPENING CEREMONY Draw attention to the installations by ensuring that their creation coincides with a larger event where they can be introduced.

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PARKLETS

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PLANTERS

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To end with...

By looking at possible solutions, one step at a time, and by following an incremental planning approach, the local government can be assured that investment into revitalsation projects will not be wasteful. Outcomes might take longer by first ‘testing the water’ however; they will be able to identify which interventions work best whilst also keeping the community and their constituents happy. The success of Suryakencana is dependent not only on sound design principles but by the enthusiastic support and buy-in from residents and local business owners.

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- Tjark Gall


- Tjark Gall


Lokakarya YPP sekali lagi menyoroti beberapa prinsip utama Program Profesional Muda dari International Society of City and Regional Planners (ISOCARP). Proses dan hasil lokakarya menunjukkan potensi kerjasama lintas disiplin dan budaya, pencapaian yang dapat diraih dalam waktu singkat oleh grup perencana dan perancang muda, serta ragam solusi yang mengarah pada tujuan yang sama. Hasil dari berbagai kelompok dapat dirangkum menjadi 3 kategori yang lebih luas, dan secara mengejutkan tidak banyak berbeda untuk kedua lokasi meskipun keduanya memiliki perbedaan konteks dan tantangan yang mendasar. Pertama, terdapat strategi skala besar dan jangka panjang yang fokus pada pembangunan wilayah lebih luas, dan integrasi kecendrungan keberlanjutan global dengan Sustainable Development Goals. Strategi-strategi ini memiliki visi transformasi sektor transportasi, beranjak dari lalu lintas kendaraan bermotor pribadi, menjadi berfokus pada moda transportasi bersama yang terdistribusi dan berkelanjutan – yang membebaskan mayoritas ruang “publik� saat ini untuk beragam solusi hijau dan berorientasi manusia. Pada skala menengah, intervensi berfokus pada reorganisasi ruang publik, peningkatan fasilitas, keluaran yang inklusif secara sosial, serta pendekatan perencanaan dan perancangan kota yang peka terhadap aspek budaya dan pusaka. Ini semua dibangun di atas konsep strategis yang lebih luas, serta menyoroti pentingnya pendekatan perencanaan yang lebih menyeluruh dan terintegrasi.

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Pada skala terkecil, fokus strategi adalah pada quick wins yang beresonansi kuat dengan klien Lokakarya, dalam hal ini khususnya Walikota Bogor, yang menunjukkan potensi urbanisme taktis, placemacking, dan solusi temporer untuk menguji dan membuktikan rencana jangka panjang menuju wilayah perkotaan yang berorientasi manusia dan layak huni. I S O C A R P Y P P W o r k s h o p , J a k a r t a & B o g o r 2 0 19


The YPP workshop highlighted once again, some of the core principles of the young professionals’ programme of the International Society of City and Regional Planners. The process and outcomes showed the potential of working across disciplines and cultures, how much can be achieved in a short time by a group of young planners and designers, as well as the variety of solutions which can lead towards the same objective. The outcomes of the different groups can be summarised into three broader categories and surprisingly do not differ too much for the two sites despite their fundamentally different contexts and challenges. First, there are large scale, long-term strategies, which focus on the development of the broader districts and integrate global sustainability tendencies and the Sustainable Development Goals. These strategies envision the transformation of the transport sector, moving away from individual motorised vehicle traffic, and focusing more on sustainable, shared, and distributed modes of transport – freeing up the majority of current “public” space for green and human-oriented solutions. At the medium scale, the interventions focus on reorganised public space, improved facilities, socially inclusive outputs and urban design and planning approaches which are both sensitive in terms of culture and heritage. This all builds upon the broader strategic concepts and highlights the importance of a more encompassing and integrated planning approach. At the smallest scale, the focus was on quick wins which resonated strongly with the clients of the workshop, in particular, the Mayor of Bogor, which showed the potential of tactical urbanism, placemaking, and temporary solutions to test and prove long-term plans towards more human-centred and liveable urban areas.

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Sebagai kesimpulan, banyak hal yang dapat kami ambil dari Lokakarya ini selain berbagai inspirasi dari para partisipan, pakar, dan koordinator. Kesempatan untuk berkonsultasi dengan masyarakat umum dalam Lokakarya YPP masih terbatas dan jauh berjarak. Sebuah presentasi pop-up spontan di terowongan pejalan kaki telah memungkinkan interaksi informal dan esensial dengan publik. YPP lokal dapat mengomunikasikan ide-ide mereka dalam bahasa setempat dengan percaya diri, kejelasan, dan antusiasme tinggi. Keterlibatan dan umpan balik ini sangat bermanfaat bagi seluruh tim. Untuk Lokakarya YPP selanjutnya pada Kongres Dunia ISOCARP ke-56 di Doha, Qatar, kami berharap dapat menyambut kembali sebagian partisipan dari Jakarta, dan melakukan pendekatan terhadap berbagai tantangan dalam kondisi sangat berbeda namun konteks serupa. Selain itu, kami tidak hanya berharap tetapi yakin bahwa persahabatan yang terjalin selama Lokakarya dan Kongres akan bertahan lama dan mengarah pada berbagai pertemuan di masa mendatang di ISOCARP dan acara lainnya, serta pertukaran pengetahuan global dan kolaborasi profesional. Terakhir, kami ingin menyampaikan terima kasih yang tulus pada kontribusi proaktif dari seluruh partisipan yang menjadikan Lokakarya ini sukses, kepada tuan rumah lokal khususnya Meyriana dan Nadia dari IAP, serta Zeynep dan Federico dari ISOCARP atas dukungan pengorganisasian acara, dan semua orang yang berkontribusi dalam berbagai cara - sampai ketemu tahun depan!

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To conclude, what we take home from the workshop is plenty, in addition to the many inspirations from the participants, invited experts and coordinators. Opportunities to consult with the general public, in YPP workshops, are often few and far between. A spontaneous pop-up presentation in a pedestrian tunnel allowed for informal and essential interactions with the public. Local YPPs were able to communicate their ideas in their native language with confidence, clarity and great enthusiasm. This engagement and feedback greatly benefitted all the teams. For the next main YPP workshop during the 56th ISOCARP World Planning Congress in Doha, Qatar, we hope to welcome some of the participants of Jakarta back again, and approach challenges in a very different setting but similar context. Additionally, we do not hope but are convinced, that many of the friendships made during the workshop and Congress will last much longer and lead to plenty of future meetings at ISOCARP and other events, as well as global knowledge exchange and professional collaboration. Lastly, we want to express our heartfelt thanks to the proactive contribution of all participants who made the workshop a success, the local hosts, in particular, Meriana and Nadia from IAP, Zeynep and Federico from ISOCARP for the organisational support, and everyone else who contributed in one way or another – until next year!

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Federico Aili ISOCARP Head Office

Arya Lahasa Putra Digireg Indonesia

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Hayley Phillips ISOCARP International Coordinator Deicke Richards, Australia

Rene Fu Swee Yun International Coordinator Malaysian Institute of Planners, Malaysia

Adipandang Yudono University of Brawijaya, Malang

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Zeynep Gunay ISOCARP Board, Director of Young Planning Professionals’ Programme

Michael Stott ISOCARP International Coordinator Ethos Urban, Australia

Inez Darmalia Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI) Jakarta

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Tjark Gall, ISOCARP International Coordinator ISOCARP Institute, the Netherlands

Bima Purnama AJM-Planning and Urban Design Group

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All participants • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

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Yuliia Khairullina Christina Rasmussen Anna Katrina Kaaran Peter Starr Ananya Ramesh Tathabrata Bhattacharya Siddharth Khakhar Serin Geambazu Satyajit Mal Yassine Moustanjidi Sindi Haxhija Vaishali Aggarwal Mariana Reis Santos Andrew Borisov Mennatullah Hendawy Daniel Petrovics Youngrok Cho Felicia Putri Surya Atmadja Daniel Mambo Tampi Mariana Fiuza Rouve Bingle Raeesa Ghoor Noora Al Suwaidi Tan Chun Rong Nusrshahira Hasnan Young Elias Joel Tng

j.khairullina@gmail.com rasmussen.christina@gmail.com aikaraan@gmail.com starrpeterclifford@gmail.com ar.ananyaramesh@gmail.com tatha.spa@gmail.com siddharth.khakhar@gmail.com geambazuserin@gmail.com satyajit.mal@gmail.com yassine.moustanjidi@si.uni-stuttgart.de haxhija@isocarp-institute.org ar.vaishali22@gmail.com santosrmariana4@gmail.com aaborisov@hse.ru hendawyy@gmail.com daniel.petrovics1@gmail.com chorok131@naver.com fatm047@aucklanduni.ac.nz danielmambo131293@gmail.com mari.fiuza@hotmail.com rvbingle@gmail.com raeesa.ghoor@thehda.co.za n.a.alsuwaidi@outlook.com tcccrong@gmail.com shahira@rr.com.my youngelias@gmail.com tng.joelatwork@gmail.com

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Aditya Wilis Yogatama Nugraha Alfin Nurus Subkhi Gifari Rahmat Alif Tommy Aramanda Anggar Lugastama Alvina Novidya Hanura Azrina Farania Dinda Dewinta Yogi Ananto Alim Fahmi Romadhani Muhammad Azka Gulsyan Brian Aldiki Fadly Haley Tanjung Fredy Dwi Prakoso Galuh Shita Rochmat Heru Muryanto Annabel Noor Asyah Yudha Rahman Tan Chun Rong Nurshahira Hasnan Young Elias Young Daud Joel Tng Wei Hao Dian Hasanuddin Muhammad Adhisukma Radhitya S. Widodo Vinda Agita Ediputri Diva Amade

adityawilisyn@gmail.com alfinnsh@gmail.com gifarrahmat@gmail.com aramanda.tommy020684@gmail.com anggarlugastama@gmail.com alvinanovidyahanura@gmail.com azrin.farania@gmail.com dewintadinda18@gmail.com anantoyogi@yahoo.com goecik@gmail.com gulsyan@gmail.com brianaldiki@gmail.com fadly.tanjung@gmail.com fredydwiprakoso@gmail.com galuhshitaayu@gmail.com rohmatheru@gmail.com Annabelnoor19@gmail.com yudha.rahman@pwk.itera.ac.id tcccrong@gmail.com shahira@rr.com.my youngelias@gmail.com tng.joelatwork@gmail.com dian.hasanuddin@gmail.com m.adhisukma@gmail.com sw.radhitya@gmail.com vindaagita13@gmail.com divaamadea.da@gmail.com

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Organised by International Society of City and Regional Planners (ISOCARP)

Our special hosts

Zeynep Gunay, ISOCARP Board, Director of Young Planning Professionals’ Programme

Bima Arya Sugiarto, Mayor of Bogor

Federico Aili, ISOCARP Head Office

Afan Adriansyah Idris, the Head of DKI Jakarta City and Environmental Planning and Management Bureau

Indonesian Association of Urban and Regional Planners (IAP)

Bernardus Djonoputero, IAP President

Meyriana Kesuma, IAP Chair of YPP Workshop and the Head of IAP

Hendricus Andy Simarmata, IAP Secretary General

Young Planner Department Nadia Ayu Rahma Lestari, IAP Chair of YPP Workshop

Adriadi Dimastanto, Head of the Organizational Bureau

Rais Kandar, ISOCARP Congress Deputy Coordinator Dhian Ivanna Mas Aji Adi Purnomo Sintang Boentoro Special guests and speakers Colin Choo, Singapore Institute of Planners ‘Transit Oriented Developments – Perspectives from a Transport Planner’ Muhammad Daud, Jakarta Governor’s Delivery Unit ‘Jakarta Urban Regeneration 2030’ Pulse Lab Jakarta Alternative Big Data Workshop, Fostering ‘New-Breed’ of Planners and Exploring Alternative Data Sets for Future Urban Planning

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Masyarakat Internasional Perencana Wilayah dan Kota (International Society of City and Regional Planners/ISOCARP) adalah jaringan global perencana profesional dan berkualitas, yang didirikan pada tahun 1965. ISOCARP menyatukan anggota individu dan institusi dari lebih dari 85 negara di seluruh dunia. Misi kami adalah untuk memobilisasi perencana wilayah dan kota profesional untuk bersama-sama mengimplementasikan visi yang diabadikan dengan menciptakan jaringan global praktisi, memupuk riset perencanaan, pelatihan, dan pendidikan, mendorong pertukaran pengetahuan profesional, mempromosikan profesi perencana dan keunggulan dalam praktik, mengembangkan dan memelihara hubungan altruistik antaranggota, meningkatkan kesadaran publik dan pemahaman akan isu perencanaan utama di tataran global, serta mendukung dan melindungi kepentingan perencanaan dan perencana profesional. Program YPP merupakan komponen krusial dari dedikasi ISOCARP untuk mempromosikan dan meningkatkan profesi perencana, dan komitmen untuk memfasilitasi pengetahuan untuk kota-kota yang lebih baik dengan generasi muda. Sejak tahun 1991, program ini telah memfasilitasi semangat unik dan kreatif dalam masyarakat, dan menjadi sumber ide-ide baru, inovasi, dan pembaharuan, tidak saja untuk masyarakat namun juga untuk para mitra kita, dan memberi dampak besar pada kehidupan profesional para partisipan. Program YPP juga telah berkontribusi pada terjalinnya persahabatan seumur hidup lintas batas, bahasa, budaya, dan latar belakang profesional. Sampai hari ini, telah diselenggarakan 47 Lokakarya YPP di seluruh dunia. Seluruh Program Young Planning Professionals dirancang untuk membangun kemitraan seumur hidup antara ISOCARP dan mitranya.

Photo credit: Sindi Haxhija 18 8

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ISOCARP is a global network of recognised and highly-qualified planners, which was founded in 1965. The Society brings together individual and institutional members from more than 85 countries worldwide. Our mission is to mobilise professional urban and regional planners to co-implement the vision enshrined by creating a global network of practitioners, fostering planning research, training, and education, encouraging the professional exchange of knowledge, promoting the planning profession and excellence in practice, developing and maintaining altruistic relations between members, enhancing public awareness and understanding of major planning issues at the global level, supporting and protecting planning interest and professional planners. The YPP Program is a crucial component of ISOCARP’s dedication to promote and enhance the planning profession and commitment to facilitate knowledge for better cities with the young generations. Since 1991, it has facilitated a unique creative spirit within the society, and it has become a source of new ideas, innovation and rejuvenation not only for the society but also for our partners, and made a huge impact on participants’ professional lives. It has also contributed towards making life-long friendships beyond borders, languages, cultures and professional backgrounds. Up to today, 47 YPP workshops have been organised worldwide. All Young Planning Professionals Programmes are designed to build up a life long partnership between ISOCARP and partners.

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Ikatan Ahli Perencanaan Indonesia (IAP) merupakan satu-satunya organisasi perencana wilayah dan kota di Indonesia. Didirikan pada tahun 1971, IAP adalah salah satu organisasi tertua dan terbesar dengan 2.500 anggota di seluruh Indonesia. IAP berfungsi sebagai forum untuk pengembangan profesional, komunikasi, penelitian dan pengembangan, serta konsultasi dan koordinasi antarperencana kota dan wilayah di Indonesia, serta antara pakar perencanaan dan para pemangku kepentingan. IAP bertujuan untuk mengembangkan keahlian perencana, meningkatkan kualitas dan kesejahteraan perencana, melaksanakan penelitian dan pengembangan sebagai mitra bagi pemerintah, sektor swasta, dan lembaga internasional. Berdasarkan Piagamnya, Visi IAP adalah untuk mencapai kualitas tinggi dan standar internasional terkait pengembangan profesional dan pengetahuan, untuk mendukung pencapaian tujuan pembangunan nasional.

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The Indonesian Association of Urban and Regional Planners (IAP) is the sole organisation of urban and regional planners in Indonesia. Established in 1971, IAP is one of the oldest organisation, and the largest one with more than 2,500 members throughout nation. IAP serves as a forum for professional development, communication, research and development, consultation and coordination among urban and regional planners in Indonesia, and between planning experts and stakeholders as well. It aims at developing planners’ expertise, improving planners’ quality and welfare, conducting research and development as a partner for the government, private sectors, and international agencies. Based on its Charter, IAP Vision is to achieve high quality and international standard related to professional and knowledge development, to support the achievement of national development goals.

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• Luchsinger, N.C. K. (2015). Revitalisation of Bogor Suryakencana Chinatown Landscape. Bogor Agricultural University. • Naufal, I. (2018). Tracing the History and Uniqueness of Jalan Pecin. [online] Perpustakaan Digital Budaya Indonesia. Available at: https:// budaya-indonesia.org/Menilik-Sejarah-dan-Keunikan-Jalan-Pecinan-Suryakencana-Bogor. [Accessed October 2019]. • Nurwanda, A. & Honjo, T. (2018). The prediction of city expansion and land surface temperature in Bogor City, Indonesia, Sustainable Cities and Society, Vol. 52, 101772. • Plettner-Saunders, D. (2017). Thinking About Cultural Planning. [online] The Cultural Planning Group. Available at: https://culturalplanning. com/now/thinking-cultural-planning/ [Accessed October 2019]. • Purwantiasning, A.W. (2017). Understanding the concept of transit-oriented development through proposed project of Manggarai, Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia. In: Proceeding of International Seminar and Workshop on Urban Planning and Community Development. Jakarta, Indonesia. Pp. 63-74. • Siepan Khalil, B.A. & Pakinam Zeid, B.A. (2019). Concomitant recital of a prolonged reign: dilation of the dutch empire and enticement of ascendency, delineating Batavia, victim and valedictorian. Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, Vol. 3 (1), pp. 161-174. • Siregara, MRA. & Amaliasaria, D. (2019). Communicating Bogor city as city heritage through spatial city. Journal of Humanities and Social Studies, Vol. 3 (1), pp. 27-31. • Sistem Pemantauan Kota Bogor. (2020). Simata Portal, Sistem Pemantauan Kota Bogor. [online] Available at: <http://simata.kotabogor. go.id/> [Accessed 1 Feb. 2020]. • Sopandi, S. (2007). The Dragon Spine Story: A Brief Architectural History of Bogor Chinese Quarter. Cap Go Meh 2559 “Festival Budaya Pemersatu Warga Bogor” Dialog Kebudayaan. • Stalker, P. (2001). Beyond Krismon: The social legacy of Indonesia’s financial crisis, Innocenti Insights, no. 5. • Sufa, T. (2019). Bogor city to limit ‘angkot’ numbers, plan tram system. The Jakarta Post. [online]. Available from: https://www.thejakartapost. com/news/2019/09/16/bogor-city-limit-angkot-numbers-plan-tram-system.html [Accessed 17 Feb. 2020]. • Sudarno, A. (2016). Lawang Suryakencana Becomes a Symbol of Diversity in Bogor City. [online] Liputan 6. Available at: https://www. liputan6.com/news/read/2432832/lawang-suryakencana-jadi-simbol-keberagaman-kota-bogor. [Accessed October 2019]. • Tjiook, W. (2017). Pecinan as an inspiration: The contribution of Chinese Indonesian architecture to an urban environment. Wacana, Vol. 18 (2), pp. 556-580. • Van Zuiden, M. (2016). Heritage Trail from Below. A landscape narrative based approach to heritage trail design, case Golden Rock Heritage Trail, St. Eustatius. MSc thesis. [online]. Wageningen University. Available at: https://www.dcbd.nl/sites/www.dcbd.nl/files/documents/ vanZuiden%282016%29_heritageTrailStEustatius.pdf. [Accessed October 2019]. • UN-Habitat. (2003). Global Report on Human Settlements 2003, The Challenge of Slums, Earthscan, London; Part IV: ‘Summary of City Case Studies, pp. 195-228. • Worldbank. (2019). The World Bank in Indonesia. [online]. Available from: https://www.worldbank.org/en/country/indonesia/overview [Accessed 1 Feb. 2020]. Planning Beyond Limits: Building liveable communities

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ISOCARP

Join ISOCARP! Planning Beyond Limits: Building Liveable Communities 19 4 Pattern credit: @visnezh

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