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INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL

Volume 6 Issue 60

NEWSPAPER

1 October 2008

TRIP TO TURKEY July 02-12, 2008 Phnom Penh Airport, 18.00; only two hours to our Bangkok flight. We were all so excited, parents a bit nervous. Everyone except Sambath was there on time... After check-in we got our places on the plane. We were in Bangkok shortly. Arrival in Istanbul; we arrived in Istanbul at around 05.00. The flight was so convenient thanks t o Tu r k i s h A i r l i n e s ' q u a l i t y service. Another flight; we went to the domestic departure lounge for the next flight to Sivas, T. Isa's hometown. In Sivas, 13.00, July 03; We got Teacher Isa's house at 11.00. After a big traditional Turkish breakfast, we went to our accommodation which was a well-furnitured two-storey house. The weather was too cold for us even though it was in the middle of summer, so at night Teacher and adjusted it to 28 degrees so wonderful holiday. Isa turned on the heating system that we do not get sick from the Second day in Sivas; we went to first day. a picnic area for breakfast, where we climbed high hills, played ZAMAN NEWSPAPER First day in Sivas, we had a short some football and took pictures. Zaman, Publisher walk around the city center; we For lunch, we moved to another Yafes Akpinar, Editor-in Chief visited an ancient mosque, picnic area. On the way, we Gurkan Cil, Editor at Large almost a thousand years old, we visited Teacher Isa's grandfather had some traditional Turkish tea who is a very old but wise and www.zamanisc.org in another ancient place, an old intellectual man. Then we got to Prepared By 12-A university campus which is now t h e o t h e r p i c n i c a r e a . W e used as a cafe also. There was c o l l e c t e d s o m e w o o d f o r live music too, so we requested barbeque. Teacher Isa's uncle “CILE�, Maliny Chea's song in made us special Sivas Koftesi, Turkish Olympics. We were all m e a t b a l l s o n g r i l l . I t w a s surprised seeing that many wonderful with the tea following p e o p l e k n e w t h e s o n g a n d afterwards. Then we went for Maliny; they all clapped for climbing and hiking. The place Cambodia. That evening, we was really fantastic! In the were invited to a dinner at a evening, we walked around the family house. Turkish families city and went to Teacher Seda's are all so friendly and sincere. house for evening tea where we They want you to eat more and couldn't stop ourselves from more as you are their guest. We eating Teacher Seda's mom's were all full! We went to bed late cakes and sweets. that night because we didn't want to waste any minute of this Third day; we set out for Denizli.

But on the way to Denizli, Teacher Isa was planning to show us many other interesting sites; Erciyes mountain, Fairy Chimneys, etc. And we did see all those extraordinary places... Erciyes was just breathtaking. There was snow up on the mountains. We were all determined to go and play with it, but only 3 of us got there along with Tea c h e r I s a , Tea c h e r I s a ' s brother Mete and cousin Mehmet Can. The weather was freezing cold right in the middle of summer. When we get down into the city it was again hot. After Erciyes adventure, we left for Urgup-Goreme area where we saw those fascinating geographical features shaped by wind, Fairy Chimneys. The weather there was just the opposite of that of Erciyes. Continued on page 2


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ABROAD TRIP

Continued from page 1 Then our drives warned us that we should move faster because we couldn't just leave the place. Then we headed towards Denizli where Teacher Isa's uncle was going to meet us. He did so at 02.00 am. We slept at his family house during three days. He was such a nice man. He did everything for our convenience. “In Denizli, there are many exciting activities waiting for us,” said Teacher Isa. F o u r t h d a y, f i r s t i n D e n i z l i though; we woke up to a big breakfast. After the breakfast, we

went to a big shopping mall where we played bowling and other fun games, did some shopping and check mobile phone prizes. Well, Turkey seemed a kind of expensive country with very high standards... It was!!! After lunch at a private school, we headed to Pamukkale, The Cotton Castle, another miracle in Turkey. We observed many ancient relics of Roman Empire around Pamukkale. We rode some camels there, had some homem a d e t r a d i t i o n a l Tu r k i s h pancakes, GOZLEME. Then it was time to buy some souvenirs for our parents. That night, we

castle, the other trying to conquer... An expensive sport, though. We were all out of energy, so we looked forward to eating our lunch. It wasn't easy because we had to ride the horses in the horse raising farm while Teacher Isa's brother was preparing the barbeque for us. We were all laughing to death when the horse kidnapped Rosa!!! Just like in movies, you should have seen that scene. Fortunately, it wasn't serious. Close to that farm was a place where we could eat real snow with cherry flavour. We were planning to go to one of those huge Aqua Parks in Denizli, but we had to leave that evening, therefore we drove to the airport after getting all our luggages from Teacher Isa's uncle's house and saying 'a million thanks' for all they did for us. On the way to the airport we visited an underground cave, KAKLIK MAGARASI, which looked exactly like Pamukkale. The water was springing from the ground... Well, you can't imagine the smell! Just like spoilt egg, but thousands of the at one place... Anyways, when we got to the airport, Teacher Isa uncle who is an Turkish Airlines personnel was waiting for us. We took some pictures around the aeroplane thanks to Mr. Operator, his nickname we found for him!

asked permission to play PSII games. Teacher Isa asked: “Who is the best player among you?” ROSA! ROSA! ROSA! “Rosa, if you can defeat me, you may play for only two hours tonight, ok?” We a l l a g r e e d ! R O S A l o s t ! Barcelona 3-2 AC Milan was the score. But Teacher Isa let us play for one hour. Then we ended another dream day with a lot of Sixth and seventh days; That fun and laughters... night, we arrived in the timeless Second day in Denizli; we went city, Istanbul. It was so big, so to buy some more souvenirs in crowded; people were moving Denizli. After shopping we went fast; traffic was crazy... Well, it to paly PAINTBALL, the flash wasn't bad actually for a city activity of Denizli days. We made where almost 15 millions of up two teams, one defending the people live. Continued on page 3


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ABROAD TRIP museum was a very wealthy man and it was his own collection actually. It was already dinner time. Teacher Isa's friend made us a special kind of Turkish food, Maklube. It is mainly rice with beef and potatoes, but the thing is how it was made and how you eat it. The name of the food itself means “turned upside down”. As you can guess from the name, the rice, potatoes and beef are put one layer from each. Then it is cooked and turned upside down on a large tray. It stays exact shape of the pot. Around it, you put some salad and yoghurt. Everyone enjoys the joy of sharing the food from the same tray. We all loved it!!! We wanted to do some more shopping although we were all tired. We went out and bought some fruits and other stuff for our parents. We had that great sweet, the unforgettable Turkish delight, BAKLAVA, too. We went to bed late again! Continued from page 2 Teacher Isa's friend met us with a luxurious van, like all the other vans we travelled throughout the trip. We went to our accommodation which was a very deluxe and comfortable student dormitory. Teacher Isa told us it was one of the best dorms there... You must just see it! It was 11.00 pm. We were all hungry. We couldn't cook in the dorm, so what could we do? Order KEBAPs, of course! We did so! hot and spicy Adana Kebaps, Lahmacuns, Ayrans and so on... We had a deep sleep that night.

Next morning, we were invited to Teacher Isa's aunt's house for breakfast. It took us about 2 hours to get there in Istanbul because it is such a big city. But it was really worth as we had a great opportunity to see the Bosphorus from the hills of Beykoz and Anadolu Kavagi. We saw where Marmara Sea and The Black Sea joins. The beautiful scenery with the blue sea, green hills and the seagulls was just indescribable. Later, we visited STV, the most watched T V C h a n n e l i n Tu r k e y. We observed some live studios, we met some presenters and

directors of the TV channel. One of the directors was Teacher Isa's friend. He took us to his favourite restaurant on top of the highest hill of Istanbul where you can enjoy the extraordinary view of the city Then we went to MiniaTurk to see the small models of all landscapes around the country. Amazed there, we were even more amazed to see Koc Museum. We saw every kind of transportation, including helicopters, submarines, planes, ships and all types of classic model cars. The owner of the

Eighth and ninth days; there were too many things to do in Istanbul. We had to pick only the most important ones. Like Topkapi museum, where we learnt much about Ottoman State, their wealth and power, we watched their military orchestra music before they go to war, etc. We visited the Blue Mosque, such an amazing piece of art and architecture. Later, we had a lot of fun eating BALIK-EKMEK (fish and bread) on the coasts of Bosphorus and watching the seagulls soaring above us. We took a boat tour around the Bosphorus. The feeling of inhaling the air there was just impossible to describe. The next day was our last day in this dream city. We went shopping, played some snooker… Then it was time to return to our dormitory already. Time to pack up! We were all happy and sad! Because we loved it so much and because we just loved it too much! We didn't want to leave. We said to Teacher Isa: “Why don't you lose our passports, so we don't have to go back!” Finally, we were at the airport. We met with all other groups there with Mr. Murat Tutumlu in charge of chaperoning us all the way back to Cambodia. Everyone looked so happy, in high spirit. Continued on page 4


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ABROAD TRIP Stadium and Shop. When I visited the shop, I could understand the reason that people consider Fenerbahce team is a republic. After mentioning about Istanbul, Bursa has come into my mind. We had to travel by ferry in order to reach Bursa. On the ferry, it was very beautiful scenery surrounding us. Bursa was like a very developed province in Turkey. There were a lot of buildings surrounded by many green trees.

Continued from page 3

WE LOVE YOU ALL!!!

All our teachers were tired and stressed because they did really their best to take good care of us during the holiday. And after all it was all voluntary work; yet they were all successful because we all LOVE Turkey and Turkish people now! Just one example for why we love them: we went to stay in their houses, they even bought gifts to say “thanks for visiting and staying with us�. Well, what else can we say??? A million thanks to Teacher Isa, our administration, our teachers, the voluntary hosts and everyone who participated in this great event.

8/A Students Diamond Mol Heng Sakda Hem Sambath Huot Rosa Mara Reaksmey Kheang *** On the 2nd, July, 2008 I and some other students come from either the same or different classes were getting ready to fly t o Tu r k e y f o r o u r s u m m e r vacation. This was the longest and most memorable vacation I have ever had. This summer vacation was a 10-days trip.

When I first arrived in Istanbul, I was very shocked to see high buildings and smooth highways. I used to imagine that Istanbul is a beautiful city and in the jiffy, Istanbul was much more exquisite. I liked Istanbul because there were a lot of friendly people and it was a very cultural place. The first day of our trip, I had some problems with some Turkish dishes. However, I started to get used to it and to love it more and more as I have tasted many types of food. In Istanbul, I visited many shopping places and bought some souvenirs. The place that I like the most is The Fenerbahce

Shop and restaurants were everywhere. I visited some amusement parks and experienced cable cars. The food in Bursa was palatable. I not only like the food but also like many kinds of fruits in Turkey. The fruits that I like the most were cherries and berries. They were sweet and tasty. I also had a chance to climb and find the cherries to eat by my own. At night, there were gusts of cold wind blowing all the tiredness from my body. This was the reason that I liked the weather in Turkey a lot. Sometimes I had a chance to go and have meals on a mountain or a hill. With a beautiful weather and well-cooked food, the time was unforgettable. After spending a few days in Bursa, we had to continue our journey to Ankara. Ankara, which is a capital city of Turkey, was very jam-packed. Our bus was stuck in the traffic a few times but it was not a matter because on the bus, I had a lot of fun with friends and teachers. Continued on page 5


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ABROAD TRIP Continued from page 4 In Ankara, I visited some historical places and I also went to some game shops. Historical places in Ankara were welldesigned. I could not imagine how people could decorate such things. Overall, this summer vacation gave me a lot of fun and experience. With the journey I have completed, I think that Turkey is a very glorious country with wellknown culture. From one place to another, there are different types of food, living styles and traditions. Sereyboth Savoan *** After we arrived at Istanbul, we took a direct flight to Trabzon, another city in Turkey. We spent about 2 hours flying from Istanbul to Trabzon. We were very scared as the plane was landing at Trabzon airport. Looking through the plane windows we could see the water, which is very close to the runway. The planes almost overshot the runway and ran into the sea.

hostel. In the evening, we went out again for shopping. After we did our shopping we went to a high hill in the center of the city, to drink Turkish traditional tea, and took a look at the view over the We were very exhausted upon whole city. getting to airport. The guide came. We were very happy when Third day… We caught a bus we saw him. He took us to one again to a lake, which is not very hostel. It was time for dinner. We far from the city. After 30 minutes took our first dinner in Turkey we arrived at the lake. The lake with Turkish food. How delicious was very beautiful and the water is Turkish food? We were eating was extremely cold. When we rice with bean soup. In addition, touched the water, however we we got some potato more. We do could not touch it longer than 15 not know if we were lucky or seconds, because the temperaunlucky at all, there was NO ture of the water was too cold. MEAT for dinner this evening. Dinner finished! It was time for sleep. We all slept very well that night, with the low temperature of 15 degrees. We like the temperature at night time very much. Good morning… Second day in Turkey, in Trabzon city. We left the hostel and caught a bus to the mountain. It is the biggest mountain in Trabzon. On the bus we enjoyed the beauty of the view all along the road to the mountain very much, while singing Turkish traditional songs. It took us about 40 minutes to climb to the top of the mountain. There is a very imposing ancient house on the top of the mountain. After we enjoyed the impressive scenery of the tops of the mountains, we came back to the

We ate lunch on the bus, along the way back to the city. We had bread with potato and some beef for our lunch. Honestly, we did not enjoy the lunch at that time. When we arrived at the city, we immediately we caught the bus to another city, without having any chance to rest!!!... Bye Bye Trabzon….. After having trip on the bus for one night! we really slept well .Around 7am in the morning we arrived Kayseri .We stopped at the bus station in Kayseri then there was a guy that lives in Kayseri he came to take us for a

visit to Kayseri city then he took us to have a breakfast at one of his friend’s house it was a very nice breakfast and relaxing at his house. We prepared to go up through to the snowy mountain! The weather in Kayseri was not too cold and not too hot. We had ridden 2 cars to go to the mountain while we were on the way suddenly one car had a problem cause there was a lot of smoke from the hood so we stopped and checked the problem we found the car was too small and didn’t have enough power to take many people in it, on the way hill! Continued on page 6


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ABROAD TRIP Continued from page 5 But luckily we could continue during this way there was a lot of pretty place on the street it was so fresh we liked Kayseri so much. At last we arrived the mountain but not on top of the mountain we had to go up by cable car and walking for 1:30 hours while we were on cable car it was very cold maybe 5 or 10 degrees we had to wear a big jacket to keep warm! The hard thing one was we had to walk maybe 4km to touch the snow our classmates were very tired but this thing could not stop us and our feelings we just wanted to touch the snow. Finally we saw the snow and stayed and played snowball there for 1 hour. In the afternoon we did not eat anything so we were so hungry after we finished having a wonderful time on this mountain we came back to city and he took us to the dormitory to eat dinner there. Turkish food was so hard to eat but we also tried to taste some were really nice and wonderful but for some our friend they could not eat. For Kayseri city it was an awesome city it was a quite city and small if we compare to Istanbul and Ankara. We all wanted to say thanks to our home room teacher Mr. Kemal … and say thanks to the guy that took us to visit Kayseri. The day in Kayseri we had finished unlucky we did not sleep well in Kayseri but we hoped to come back and wished to be one more time in Turkey. At 8:00pm we got back to Kayseri bus station to continue to Bolo city…

about this amazing city, may I apologize for unknown place name. We went to BOLU after a very happy trip in KAYSERI for a whole day. After spending a night on the bus, we arrived at BOLU in the early morning. The temperature in the bus and outside was completely different. So, there was a surprise for us because there was smoke coming from our mouth when we spoke. We waited for the host to pick us up. After a moment, he came and took us to a place to stay, the hostel. We rested there for 2 hours before the departure to It's time to talk about the 3rd city some resorts. We were very tired now, BOLU. But, before I tell you because as you all know that we

couldn't sleep well while on the bus. After the some resting, all of us felt strong again to cruise to resorts. Firstly, we went to a pond that covering by a beautiful atmosphere of trees. We had breakfast there in a cold weather. Cheese, bread, sausages, yoghurt, olives, honey and chocolate were all included in our breakfast. After we finished our breakfast we walked around to get fresh air in the morning and took many photos of course. After we left we went to another resort but this time with manmade pond. We had lunch there w i t h b a r b e q u e . We p l a y e d football with small Turkish kids and we even rode horse too. We had a very good time there. We left there early evening to a school. We visited a school that for young kids. We met the director and teachers, we drank tea together. Then, we played football and volleyball with our friends from the host. Then, we went back to the hostel and prepare to leave BOLU for ISTANBUL. We left there in the late evening and arrive in ISTANBUL at very late night.

a shower and then we prepared our beds to sleep. At 7 o'clock in the morning and it was time to get up. First day in ISTANBUL we visited the FERNERBACHE field. It was much excited that we would have a wonderful trip. Then it came true on the way and the first time we spent there. After we left FERNERBACHE field we all felt very hungry so we went to a restaurant to have lunch. And after that we had finished our lunch and we went for some shopping at a very big supermarket it is called CHAVAHIR. After we stayed there for half of a day we went back to our dormitory and we relaxed there. At night we played PS2 together until we fell into a lovely deep sleep. On second day we were very excited that we could go to very beautiful place to take as many pictures as we could. After that we left for gocart racing field it was really fascinating and interesting. We drove and raced all together f u n n i l y. O n t h i r d d a y i n ISTANBUL we went to play…

Youradin Seng Raksmey Hiv Bodyka Heng We spent 4 hours on the bus and Panha Rith Han then we arrived Istanbul around Chanratna Prum 12 o'clock at midnight. When we Cheapross Men arrived we went to dormitory. It was nearly 1 o'clock and it was time to sleep so we went to have


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GENERAL

TURKISH OLYMPICS

T u r k i s h O l y m p i c s s o n g languages as a language of contestants wow audience in culture and science.” Making a capital Ankara reference to Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, who said: “Every Turk The song contest portion of the will do his/her best to improve 6 t h I n t e r n a t i o n a l Tu r k i s h Turkey,” Saðlam added: “This is Language Olympics was held on a hallowed mission entrusted to Monday, with the 19 students us. Here is the Turkish Olympics, who qualified for the competition also held in 110 countries on five giving an unforgettable show at continents.” Describing the the Anatolia Show and Congress teachers who work in the Turkish Center in Ankara. schools around the world and the businessmen who support them The students from a number of as “heroes,” Saðlam said: “Of countries performed songs from course, there is also the a variety of genres, making it mastermind of this initiative, who difficult for the jury to select the is far from home. This event is final 10 who then competed to only possible with his support. get the highest number of votes We would like to express our from the viewing audience. The thanks to him.” 10 finalists are from Azerbaijan, T u r k m e n i s t a n , L a t v i a , The World Colors Choir's Cambodia, Tajikistan, Indonesia, musical number gave messages Mongolia, Russia, Albania and of friendship, brotherhood and Yemen. The top three places in love as the members of the choir the song contest will be held up a placard reading, “The determined according to the Turkish Olympics Taste Like number of votes contestants Aºure,” a reference to the rich, receive via text messages. traditional dessert composed of Viewers will be able to send their fruit, nuts and grains. As a setting texts until the day of the awards for the musical, they used a ship ceremony on June 1 in Ýstanbul. with sails representing the countries of the world to give the Ýlker Gültekin was the announcer message, “We are all traveling in for the song contest, which the same boat.” The jury was began with singing of the chaired by Turkish Language national anthem and an opening Society President Þükrü Haluk speech delivered by Turkish Akalýn and included Erhan Olympics Committee Chairman Güleryüz, Ertuðrul Erkiþi, Mehmet Saðlam. The chairman Gürkan Vural, Mehmet Hayri indicated that the primary Altan, Professor Murat Özbay, objective in organizing the Nuray Hafiftaþ, Orhan Seyfi Olympics is “to ensure that the Güner, Associate Professor Turkish language becomes a Salih Aydoðan, Professor Yücel language of love and tolerance Elmas, Zekai Tunca and Deniz around the world and has a Arcak. Loyalty Prize awarded to special place among other world Hüseyin Demirtaº

During the program, Hüseyin Demirtaº was posthumously awarded the Loyalty Prize. Demirtaþ was a teacher who traveled to a school in Kazakhstan where he worked for 12 years, gaining popularity among the Kazakh people. He passed away last year. Ýbrahim Þahin, the general manager of the Turkish Radio and Television Corporation (TRT), presented the prize to Demirtaº's widow, Münevver, and his daughter. “The children spoke Turkish better than us. Perhaps we should keep silent,” ªahin said.

Finalists in the song contest Azerbaijan - Hatice Alizade Turkmenistan - Abadan Halmedova Latvia - Anna Zelencava Cambodia - Maliny Chea Tajikistan - Suman Kurbanova Indonesia - Nixiie Lesmana Mongolia - Togsbayar Enkhtaivan Russian Federation - Darya Shkalkova Albania - Blerta Gjolaj Yemen - Sara Mohamad


ZAMAN INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL NEWSPAPER

1 October 2008

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GENERAL

THE PARENT CONFERENCE Also they could get some advices and suggestions from the homeroom and Khmer teachers about certain kind of issues. During this private conversation session, the homeroom teachers got many positive feedbacks and reactions from the parents about the school policy and the attitude of their children towards the school. Some of these feedbacks and reactions are: “Zaman is a good place to study. My child likes the campus, and we feel secure. We are happy with the school.” (Grade 3 Parent) “I notice that my child has improved a lot after she enrolled Zaman Primary School. We are very satisfied with the school because it has a good education system. (Grade 5 Parent) Between the dates of 17 th September and 4th October, Zaman Primary School held a conference for its parents. The aim of the conference was to inform the parents about the rules and procedures of the school. The conference included a wide range of topics such as role of parents in teachinglearning process, parent-teacher communication, school procedures and regulations,

curriculum and books, extracurricular activities and assessment. The Parents Conference really helped the parents a lot to comprehend the rules and procedures of the school. After the conference ended, the homeroom teacher of each class led the parents of his/her class to their children's classes to give some detailed

information about their classroom environment, the routines and the procedures of the class. After that, the homeroom teachers took their class parents to the lunch area for answering their questions in their minds accompanied by having their snacks and drinks. The parents got the chance of asking their personal questions about their son or daughter by means of this snack session.

“I am glad to say that my son has very positive attitude about towards the school. He loves the school environment, facilities and the teaching staff.” (Grade 2 Parent) “My child wants to go to school every morning. I have observed that she likes the lessons. She can do her homework quickly and enjoys playing in the playground.” (Kindergarten Parent) “My child likes her school because the school has some programmes and subjects that make the children interested. She gets up early and wants to go to school. (Grade 1 Parent) To sum up with a great majority of the parents were very glad with the Conference and the Parents Conference of Zaman Primary School has fulfilled its aim and role by helping its parents comprehend the rules, procedures, roles and function of Zaman Primary School in Cambodian society.

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GENERAL

TEACHERS’ DAY The English department is happy to announce that we have finished judging the submissions to the essay contest. All of the entries were very good so determining the best one was a challenge for the judges. After much deliberation, it has been decided that Lymei Sun is the winner of the contest. TEACHER Within this enormous universe, knowledge is one of the most fundamental things. People need their knowledge to lead their accomplishments, to invent modern apparatuses, etc. But first we need education to get knowledge. Routinely, education is found in a school; the ones who actually provide us this valuable knowledge are the teachers. Accordingly, we half understand that teachers are very meaningful to us. By the way, if we take a clear look and also think about the word “teacher”, we’ll find some meanings in it. calm down and tell you to be silent. If the result was positive that would be fine; by contrast, the students may have tried to challenge the teachers and make even more noise. At that difficult situation, the teachers made a gallant attempt to hide t h e i r a n g e r. T h i s i s r e a l l y Top-notch stands for the highest awesome; to be able to hide your q u a l i t y. I t i n c r e a s e s t h e violent feelings. student’s benefits from the teacher. How can I say that Their worthwhile advice can teachers are top-notch? Easy, build up your confidence. One of I ’ l l g i v e y o u o n e e x a m p l e : my teachers used to tell me a teachers are like a very popular proverb: “No pain, no gain” I can computer which gathers a lot of s t i l l r e m e m b e r t h i s a n d I i n f o r m a t i o n , d o c u m e n t s , understand it very well now. At l a n g u a g e s , e t c . W e c a n the time she told me those words understand things clearly with I had just made a big mistake and this explanation about what my confidence was low. After teachers are similar to. That’s figuring out the meaning of those why teachers are top-notch. words and participating in the class again, I noticed that my Excellent defines the teacher’s self-confidence was improving. behavior. They try to show and Coming face-to-face with failure I teach us the best way to be a could still believe in myself. polite and law-abiding person such as how to greet people, Moreover, teachers are helpful make excuses, show respect to people. You can discover it for our elders, and so much more. yourself with some very simple comparisons. Such as, you can Awesome is about their self- ask you history teacher about the control. Can you remember events that happened in the past what the teachers did when you instead of having to look in a were talking a lot in the class? history book. You can ask your How would you have felt at that English teacher the meaning of a time if you had been the teacher? word instead of finding it in a As teachers, they could only dictionary. You can also ask your T E A C H E R

= top-notch = excellent = awesome = confident = helpful = encouragement = remember

math teacher for the result of an Teachers are the ones you need addition you are doing instead of to remember. Remember all the using a calculator, etc. good things they have done and throw away the bad. We should The most important point is be grateful to all teachers for their encouragement. One person help. needs another person’s encouragement to succeed at To sum up, we should undersomething. And that is what the stand the importance of the teachers usually give us. No teachers. If you feel aversion matter how awful your project is, towards your teachers, please teachers will still say something mull it over again. There aren’t nice, such as “that is a gaily any teachers who intend to decorated project!” This depress their students. Their doesn’t mean they are lying to hearts are full of love, care and you; they just don’t want to upset encouragement……..so wish you. Once you are down, they’ll them luck, health and longevity on teacher’s day. pull you up. By Lymei Sun (9-E)


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HISTORY

THE PCHUM BEN DAY

The fifteenth day, of the tenth month, of the Khmer calendar marks the Pchum Ben festival. This is a time when the spirits of the dead ancestors walk the Earth. And the living can ease their suffering by offering them food to eat. At four in the morning, nearly all of the residents of Phnom Penh gather at the temple with offerings of special rice, which they toss on the ground, feeding the dead ancestors. Many of the people throw sticky rice, which, apparently is easier for the spirits to consume. According to Buddhist beliefs, the lives that we live, after death, are predicated by the actions that we took when we were living. Minor infractions would be punished with small punishments, such as being an unattractive ghost or having a small mouth. With a small mouth,

it is hard to eat. Other, more severe, punishments could include being crippled or having no mouth at all. At 8:00 AM, people return to the temple, with offerings for the monks. We don't just give food; we bring money and other things as well. As a monk we looked forward to this period all year long, because we could get new clothing and good food. At 10:00 the people return with more food, which will be shared between monks and poor people. Os many of the Buddhist traditions seem to relate to f e e d i n g t h e p o o r. D i s a b l e d people also crowd around the temple that is hour, begging alms. To give help to the lessfortunate, particularly during Pchum Ben, is to acquire merit. Many people explained that the offerings they made during the

festival were to cancel out past They felt a real obligation to feed their ancestors, lest their sins. suffering should continue. Even Between 5:00-7:00 PM there will friends who claimed to have be more prayers for the dead. At converted to Christianity, and 8:00 we monks had to go to bed, who attended church regularly, fondly remembering his days of took time out of their schedule to o b e d i e n c e a n d s i m p l i c i t y. m a k e t h e e a r l y m o r n i n g Because the people would be pilgrimage to the temple, and coming back to the temple at feed the ancestors. 4:00 the next morning, we had to It was as if they were saying that be up at 3:00. Most modern Khmers will say their choice to convert was a that the festival lasts fifteen days, personal decision, but one that ending on the fifteenth of the shouldn't be imposed on the month. In actuality, the ancient, souls who died before. Historic traditional festival lasted three records show that even under months, ending on the fifteenth the Khmer Rouge, and later day, of the tenth month of the under the communists, prohibitions against religious worship year. were unenforceable during The Buddha commanded that Pchum Ben. In fact, the prohibithe monks remain indoors and tions were eventually lifted, with d o n o t h i n g f o r t h e s e t h r e e the result that high ranking Party months. It was a good time for members felt obligated to attend monks to pray and meditate, and temple with their superiors. go deeper into their practice of Buddhism. But it also had a The Buddhist religion is such an practical effect. In the past, poor integral part of the Khmer culture people were invited to plant that neither political upheaval, c r o p s i n s i d e o f t h e t e m p l e economic crisis, the spread of grounds, to supplement their f o r e i g n r e l i g i o n s , n o r t h e diet. If the monks were active, intervention of modern society walking around, they could will shake the fundamentals of destroy the young plants. So, Khmer beliefs. It is refreshing to they were commanded to stay see that, although many aspects of the Khmer culture were lost indoors. during the Regime, the Khmers For the monks, the festival have managed to maintain their represents a special time of religious devotion and their reflection, during which they family-centered way of life. could concentrate on purifying their minds. They want to be free of vice. And remember the commandments. The commandments include: Do not do harm (kill), No sex, Do not lie, No Alcohol, and no stealing. If the young monks committed an infraction during the festival, then we would not be permitted to take part, which would mean that we wouldn't get any offerings. The last four days of the festival were public holidays in Cambodia. Most Khmers visited the province where they were born, where they had family reunions. In observing friends and colleagues, it was amazing to see that even people who considered themselves only marginally religious still took the Pchum Ben festival seriously.


ZAMAN INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL NEWSPAPER

1 October 2008

11

SPORT

OLYMPICS People who say the Olympics are about individual athletes and not about nations tend to live, we bet, in big countries that regularly win a lot of medals. It'd be useful for them (and for all of us) to be reminded of just how much joy an Olympic gold medal can bring to an entire nation.

Top 10 Medal Winners Of 2008 TOTAL

COUNTRY United States

36

38

36

110

China

51

21

28

100

Russia

23

21

28

72

Britain

19

13

15

47

Australia

14

15

17

46

Germany

16

10

15

41

France

7

16

17

40

Korea

13

10

8

31

Italy

8

10

10

28

Ukraine

7

5

15

27


1 October 2008

ZAMAN INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL NEWSPAPER

12

SPORT "These five rings -- blue, yellow, black, green and red -- represent the five parts of the world now encompassed by Olympism and ready to compete against each other. Moreover, the six colors (including the white background) thus combined represent those of all nations, without exception. The blue and yellow of Sweden, the blue and white of Greece, the French, English, American, German, Belgian, Italian and Hungarian tricolors, the yellow and red of Spain are side by side with the new Brazilian and Australian flags, the old Japan and the new China. It is a true international emblem."As an image of Olympics, Coubertin thought the rings had deep significance: that of the union between men. He multiplied the image to create a total of five rings. He designed and commissioned the Olympic flag to mark the 20th anniversary of the IOC's founding, on 23rd June 1914 in Paris. Coubertin never said nor wrote that he saw a link between the colors of the rings and the continents. For him, the five rings represented the union of the five continents, but the colors were merely those that appeared in all the different national flags at the time.

OLYMPIC RINGS

Michael Phelps Michael Phelps the 8 gold Medalist Phelps swam 1.41 seconds faster than his worldrecord time at the United States Olympic trials in July. His face widened in surprise when he saw his time on the large video board. He glanced at the stands, where President Bush was vigorously waving an American flag, and gave him a nod. The security officers who escorted Phelps to his seat were helpless to turn

back the cresting wave. In the front row, Phelps's mother, Debbie, switched seats to get out of the way.Phelps, as unflappable as he was while winning eight gold medals, laughed at the commotion. The photographers, reacting to Phelps's expressiveness, pressed even closer. The first days of the rest of Phelps's life as a sports icon have been a trip. It is not unlike a trans-Atlantic flight: tiring, thrilling and a little turbulent. The question-and-answer session included journalists from The Harvard Lampoon, The Hollywood Reporter and a cheeky. Gentleman from New Zealand, a

non-medalist in swimming here, who, when called on, delivered a stand-up routine around the theme of Phelps's greediness. Phelps was asked to describe love and weigh in on whether light is a particle or a wave. His answer to both was, “I have no idea.� Phelps, who won six gold medals and two bronzes at the 2004 Athens Olympics, had some idea how big Michael mania is in the United States. He said he had received a phone call from President Bush and more than 4,000 messages on his BlackBerry in the 24 hours after he won his eighth gold medal.


1 October 2008

ZAMAN INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL NEWSPAPER

13

SPORT T h e 2 0 0 8 U E FA E u r o p e a n Football Championship, commonly referred to as Euro 2 0 0 8 , w a s t h e 1 3 t h U E FA European Football Championship, a quadrennial football tournament contested by European nations. The tournament, which was hosted by Austria and Switzerland, began on 7 June 2008, and concluded with the final at Ernst Happel Stadion in Vienna on 29 June 2008. The second jointly-hosted edition in the competition’s history, the tournament was eventually won by Spain, defeating Germany 1-0 in the final, which was scored by Striker Fernando Torres.

favorites’ for the 2010 World Cup in South Africa. Germany was

wound after a clash of heads with meet Sergio Marcos Senna. David Silva then Ramos wasted a perfect opportunity to ' s double Spain's advantage when he was set up by Iniesta, but he rushed his finish and shot wildly over the top. Germany made a change at half-time, sending on Marcell Jansen for Lahm, but it was still Spain who dominated. Xavi and Silva were both off target - but Germany were sticking to their task and almost grabbed an equaliser when Ballack shot just wide after Carles Puyol had conceded possession in a dangerous area. Spain continued to look the more threatening side, but there was still the lingering prospect of Germany's refusal to accept defeat yielding an unlikely equaliser.

In the European Championship final 2008, Liverpool striker Fernando Torres was Spain’s goal hero, striking after 33 minutes when he cleverly lifted X a v i ’s p a s s o v e r G e r m a n y keeper Jens Lehmann. Spain dominated the final throughout, with Torres heading against the post and Marcos Senna almost adding a second from close range after 80 minutes. Michael Ballack came close for Germany, shooting narrowly wide after the break. Spain have long have a reputation as under achievers on the big occasions, but this was a r i c h l y merited victory for veteran c o a c h L u i s Aragones and a team that played outstanding football throughout the tournament. Germany was outclassed, and for captain Ballack his catalogue of misery in major finals continues having lost two Champions League finals and also been suspended for the 2002 World Cup final when they lost to Brazil. Match winner Torres enhanced the reputation he forged at Liverpool last season, but this was an allround effort for a side that is young enough to already be marked down among the

lifted by Ballack declaring himself fit after a

calf injury - but he had little impact on a first 45 minutes in which Spain were the vastlysuperior side. Andres Iniesta almost created the opening goal for Spain in the 13th minute when his driven cross took a deflection off Christoph Metzelder, but Lehmann pulled off a fine reflex save.

cro ss, but his header bounced to safety off the

post. But he was not to be denied and put Spain ahead with a trademark piece of sharpness in front of goal after 33 minutes. Xavi's pass created uncertainty for Germany defender Philipp Lahm and Torres shrugged him off the ball to lift a superb finish beyond Lehmann.

Silva was fortunate to stay on the pitch when he appeared to motion to headbutt Germany's Lukas Podolski, but Italian referee Roberto Rosetti decided against taking any action. Ramos should have put the game beyond Germany's reach after 66 minutes when he headed straight at Lehmann from pointblank range as he got on the end of Xavi's free-kick. Iniesta then had a shot cleared off the line by To r s t e n Frings and another effort saved by Lehmann as Spain looked in the mood to add a second. And Germany had a remarkable escape after 80 minutes when substitute Daniel Guiza - on for Torres headed the ball straight into Senna's path right in front of goal, but he could not apply the final touch. Spain was not made to pay for their generosity in front of goal and ran out worthy winners.

Germany's problems threatened And they came even closer nine to worsen when Ballack needed minutes later when Torres rose to lengthy treatment for an eye Continued on page 14


1 October 2008

ZAMAN INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL NEWSPAPER

14

SPORT The European Championship 2008, with the four goals, Spanish striker David Villa, who missed the final against Germany which Spain won 1-0 for the title, was still crowned the top scorer at Euro 2008. Villa scored all his four goals in S p a i n ’s f i r s t t w o g a m e s i n Austria, three goals against Russia and one goal against Sweden. The three goals feat in the match against Russia also made him the first player to hit a hat trick in European Championship since2000. He also takes the Golden Boot with the four goals. Below are the list of top goal scorer at Euro 2008 and photo of the top scorer at Euro 2008 “David Villa”. Top Scorer players in Euro 2008; David Villa (Spain) 4 goals Lukas Podolski (Germany) 3 Roman Pavlyuchenko (Russia) 3 Hakan Yakin (Switzerland) 3 Semih Sentürk (Turkey) 3 Ivan Klasnic (Croatia) 2 Michael Ballack (Germany) 2 Miroslav Klose (Germany) 2 Bastian Schweinsteiger (Germany) 2 Ruud van Nistelrooy (Netherlands) 2

Spain 1-0 Germany (Final) Sweden 1-2 Spain Greece 1-2 Spain Spain 0-0 Italy (4-2 pens) Russia 0-3 Spain

The memory of UEFA EURO 2008™ remains fresh – and the tactical and technical trends at The best players in the Euro this summer's tournament in 2008; Austria and Switzerland are the main topic of a fascinating report Goalkeepers: Gianluigi Buffon compiled by the UEFA Technical (Italy), Iker Casillas (Spain), Team. Edwin van der Sar (Netherlands). Defenders: Bosingwa (Portugal), Philipp Lahm (Germany), Carlos Marchena (Spain), Pepe (Portugal), Carles Puyol (Spain), Yuri Zhirkov (Russia). Midfielders: Hamit Altintop (Turkey), Luka Modric (Croatia), Marcos Senna (Spain), Xavi Hernández (Spain), Konstantin Zyryanov (Russia), Michael Ballack (Germany), Cesc Fàbregas (Spain), Andrés Iniesta (Spain), Lukas Podolski (Germany), Wesley Sneijder (Netherlands). Forwards: Andrei Arshavin (Russia), Roman Pavlyuchenko ( R u s s i a ) , F e r n a n d o To r r e s (Spain), David Villa (Spain). The Spain’s Match Achieves; Spain 4-1 Russia

Experienced coaches

Dramatic tournament

The Technical Team comprised experienced members of the European coaching community – Jean-Paul Brigger, Jerzy Engel, Roy Hodgson, Gérard Houllier, Morten Olsen, György Mezey, Holger Osieck, Dr Jozef Vengloš and UEFA technical director Andy Roxburgh – all of whom attended EURO matches, as well as a number of team training sessions.

The aim of the UEFA EURO 2008™ Technical Report, which appears in English, French and German, is to provide a permanent record of the UEFA EURO 2008™ matches and stimulate discussion. It will help pinpoint the footballing trends at what the report describes as "a fascinating, often dramatic tournament which was won by a team [Spain] that carried the ball close to its heart."


1 October 2008

ZAMAN INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL NEWSPAPER

15

HEALTH

It's me, Everybody, your Lungs It's me, Everybody, your Lungs First, lean back and let me expand, so that I can take in more air. The more air I take in, the easier your brain works and the better you'll understand what I'm telling you. Irrelevant? Not at all Peter! Every organ in your body has relevance to everything, to the entire cosmos. Your brain needs sugar to work, and you need oxygen in order to burn this sugar and provide your neurons with energy. As I happen to be the organ that takes oxygen from the air and helps it to be transferred into your blood, I will tell you about myself. As a matter of fact, talking about oneself is usually a sign of being selfconceited, but my case is rather different; I actually wish to make you reflect on how perfectly I've been created. I am placed inside your chest cavity as two air sacks—or bellow—surrounded by your muscles. I took my first breath right after birth and I still keep working non-stop. Even while you are sleeping, I fulfill my function with the automatic command I receive from the respiratory center at the back of your brain. My close friend Heart started working even before me while you were in the womb. I was resting then; actually I hadn't even formed fully. As all your needs like food and oxygen were met in the body of your mother—whose heart you occasionally break—I didn't have to make extra effort to get air, being filled and emptied. Even if I had attempted to do so, I would have had no chance of succeeding; since you were contained in the amniotic fluid, an attempt to breathe could have caused you to drown. The first breath I take after birth is critical and rather difficult, since the windpipe is still much narrower than normal. On the other hand, the number of my alveoli where oxygen exchange with the capillaries is realized is so high in relation to body size that it balances the situation. When I make my first move and fill with air, I put pressure on the arteries and veins. Then the

vessel directly connecting my artery to my mother's aorta is dismissed, the curtain between the valves is closed and the blood circulations are separated. If this curtain is not properly closed and a gap remains in between, the oxygen-rich blood and the used-up blood mix and result in the disease known as cyanosis—or “blue baby” syndrome. As these two kinds of blood mix, the tissues are not supplied with sufficient oxygen and the white parts of the skin and eyes assume a bluish appearance.

are asleep, the vibrating cilia of this sweeper work throughout the night and in the morning you get rid of the outcome of their propulsion by clearing your throat. However, every draw of a smoker kills 800–1,000 of our ciliated epithelial cells. After some time, they become unable to sweep the toxins (carbon, sulfur, lead, etc) inhaled with the air. I can't stand it anymore! The increased air pollution is already putting enough strain on us… this habit is just too much for a lung to handle! It is just… an open invitation for cancer! Sorry,

Turning blue-purple due to lack of oxygen in the tissues is the s a m e f o r s m o k e r s . C i g arettes—my archenemy—contain hundreds of toxic substances, such as carbon monoxide, which combine with the hemoglobin in blood and prevent oxygen transfer. Therefore, the lips of smokers turn slightly purple. You need to be careful with the air you inhale. The windpipe which brings air into me is covered with a ciliated epithelial tissue which catches the dust brought along and sweeps it outside. While you

Peter, I didn't mean to be rude. I appreciate that you don't smoke, but I wish those who do would realize how splendid a mechanism they are destroying. Now let me tell you about what a work of art I am. As you also know, art in a structure becomes more meaningful with functionality. As is the case with my other friends with which I work in your body, I am perfectly made to fulfill my duty. In other words, never mind forming an organ like me as a consequence of molecules and cells accidentally coming

together, even a single protein molecule in my structure does not come to existence through unconscious causes. With every breath you take, the pressure of the oxygen within the air inhaled rises, so it passes through my membranes by diffusion and into the adjacent capillaries; there it combines with hemoglobin molecules. At the same time, the carbon dioxide passes through the same membranes into me, and I dispose of it. Both of these are easier said than done! You breathe 13–14 times a minute and the whole thing is repeated o v e r a n d o v e r. A s I k e e p expanding and contracting during breathing, which you are unaware of most of the time; first of all I need to be very flexible. Together with this flexibility, my most important quality is having the largest possible surface area within the smallest volume. My surface area of around 100m2 (as large as a tennis court) is made to fit into your chest cavity in the form of thin membranes so that my large surface allows gas diffusion. Continued on page 16


1 October 2008

ZAMAN INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL NEWSPAPER

16

HEALTH Continued from page 15 These membranes need to be kept wet; a special fluid is secreted as a precaution and respiration is realized smoothly. Without this fluid, my membranes would just stick together, unable to carry out their duty. You can compare the course of the air inhaled to that of a car passing from a highway onto increasingly smaller roads and in the end reaching a dead end in the small sacks named alveoli. The air coming in through the mouth and nose unites at the expressway named the trachea, or the windpipe, which is 15cm long and 2–3cm in diameter. Incidentally, I have a couple of things to tell you about the way you breathe. As a matter of fact, inhaling is the duty of the nose. I'm sure it also has a lot to say as well, but let me just mention a simple fact about it. Now, you should inhale through your nose, so that the air you take in gets warm, wet, and is cleaned from dust. If you try to breathe this way, you do not trouble me much, and reduce the risk of catching a cold or an infection of upper respiratory system. Inhaling through the mouth helps dust and germs get into me and you might contract various illnesses from bronchitis to pneumonia. Now you know why kids who have adenoids who sleep with their mouth open get ill so easily. Sorry, I couldn't help speaking on behalf on the nose. Well, what were we talking about before that? Oh yes! The ways through which the inhaled air passes. As the name suggests, the windpipe which makes the air reach me is a cylindrical tube surrounded by 16–20 cartilaginous rings. As it is placed beside the esophagus, one side of the rings is made of soft cartilaginous tissue instead of hard, so that they don't hinder swallowing. The muscular tissue near these rings helps them widen and narrow during respiration or coughing. I sometimes warn you by making you cough. Maybe it seems to be a disturbance, but if I don't push out air by coughing through the contracted windpipe, contaminants can clog me up and cause you to suffocate. Therefore, the burst of air—what you call a cough—is a great blessing to you.

The sound system at the tip of the windpipe is another wonder. The used air I send out vibrates the cords in that voice-box and produces such melodies, gives voice to such speech! The air divides into the two lungs. My two sides are not symmetrical; the one on the right is divided into three, and the one on the left into two. I think this was meant to make room for the neighbor on the left, the heart. In addition, if there's any cancer growth in me, the diseased part can be taken out by an operation and I can keep on functioning. God knows the wisdom behind this form. After that, these main bronchi separate into 8–10 thinner branches, like highways connecting to narrower roads. This branching resembles a tree turned upside down. At the tips of these thin branches are the respiratory bronchioles resembling clusters of grapes. The small spheres which make up the cluster are the end of the road and are the most vital parts. These spheres named alveoli are made of very thin membrane and they are surrounded by a net GROUP A of capillaries. 1st Match Scores: These are the functional spots where gas exchange is realized. 12-B (2-1) 11-A I hang in the thorax with veins 11-B (2-6) 12-A and arteries all around. There nd are two layers of protective 2 Match Fixture: membrane over me. One of them is stuck on me, whereas the 11B-11A other is stuck on the ribs which 12A-12B form the chest cavity. There is a fine and slippery fluid in between Team Of The Week : 12A these two layers and it neutralizes the friction every time I Dream Team Of The Week : inflate and deflate. If it hadn't Chheang(11A), Hongly(12B), been placed there, I would wear Sotheara(11A),Cheapross(12A) out and be damaged. As I inflate , Ratna(12A) during inhalation, the chest cavity should expand simulta- Goalkeeper Of The Week : neously to make space for me. If it weren't given a flexible form, I would fail to breathe and you would eventually die. Fortunately, the protective set of ribs and their connection with the spine are flexible enough to make me work comfortably. In addition, the dome-shaped muscular partition (diaphragm) separating the thorax from the abdomen contracts and pushes down the organs in the abdomen. Thanks to the simultaneously programmed movement of both the ribs and the diaphragm I inflate with air and expand.

Zaman League Has Started Chheang(11A) Player Of The Week : Cheapross(12A) Goal Of The Week : Narong(11B) Top Scorers: 3 Goals: Cheapross(12A) 2 Goals: Ratna(12A) 1 Goal : Seyha(11A), Narong(11B), Sovan(11B), Sophorn(12A), Oudom(12B) Cards: Yellow Card: Bunlong(11B)


Zaman International School Newspaper Issue 60