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Fine Netsuke, Sagemono & Okimono AUCTION APRIL, 27TH 2019


AUCTION

Fine Netsuke, Sagemono & Okimono April, 27th 2019 at 2.00pm CET CATALOG NE0419

VIEWING www.zacke.at

IN OUR GALLERY Preview: 15.04. - 27.04.2019 Monday - Friday 10am - 6pm Day of the sale: 10am - 2pm and by appointment

GALERIE ZACKE MARIAHILFERSTR ASSE 112 1070 VIENNA AUSTRIA Tel +43 1 532 04 52 Fax +20 E-mail office@zacke.at

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IMPORTANT INFORMATION According to the general terms and conditions of business of Galerie Zacke Vienna, Founded 1968, SZA Versteigerungs & Vertriebs GmbH, 1070 Wien, online at www.zacke.at ABSENTEE BIDDING Absentee bids are carried out under the regulations of the terms of business of Galerie Zacke, SZA Versteigerungs & Vertriebs GmbH, which requires written submission of your purchase limit. Orders without purchase limits cannot be processed. Only the submitted lot number of the purchase object is binding for the processing of the absentee bid. The place of jurisdiction is Vienna, Austrian Law and Austrian jurisdiction are exclusively applicable for all legal questions arising from the business relationship. Absentee bids for this auction will be accepted until the day of auction by 8:00 a.m. We regret that absentee bids received after the time stated above will not be processed until after the auction. PLEASE SEND ABSENTEE BID FOR THIS AUCTION TO: Fax: +43 1 532 04 52 20 or Email: office@zacke.at or Telephone: +43 1 532 04 52 Mail: Galerie Zacke, Mariahilferstrasse 112, Stiege 1, 2. Stock, 1070 Wien, Austria, Europe WE ACCEPT THE FOLLOWING METHODS OF PAYMENTS: • Cash • Certified or personal check • Bank transfer (please inquire to receive our bank account information) • Credit card (Visa, MasterCard, Amex, Diners Club) TELEPHONE BIDDING It is generally possible to bid by telephone during the auction. Please fill out the absentee bidding from enclosed in this catalogue and include your telephone number at which you can be reached during the auction. In the “bid in euro” column please write “TEL” and then send us the completed absentee bidding form. We will contact you by telephone during the auction, whereby you will be able to bid directly. Please keep in mind that such telephone bids are always classified as a bid equivalent to the estimate. Should no other person bid for the specified lot, you will automatically win the bidding and the respective lot will knocked down at the estimate price. ESTIMATES AND STARTING PRICES The auction will begin with the starting price and written bids will be accepted only with a minimum amount equivalent to the starting price. SHIPPING AND TRANSPORT INSURANCE For domestic shipping Galerie Zacke (hereinafter called “the company”) charges in average EUR 15,- to EUR 50,- per item, depending on size and weight. These fees cover the costs of packing and shipping. Fees for bulky or fragile items, or international shipping will be quoted upon request. The purchased goods are transported at the risk of the customer following handover of the packaged item to the post office or another carrier which the customer agrees to through his/her submission of the purchase order. According to the specific wish of the customer, the auctioned goods may be insured for the value of the purchase price (highest bid and all surcharges). This insurance fee is 3% of the purchase price. For any lots with purchase prices exceeding EUR

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350,- the transport insurance will be automatically arranged by the company if it does not expressively receive the purchaser´s written denial of this service. Payments due to the company under the insurance contract will be charged to the customer. The company is also entitled to assign claims under the insurance contract to the customer providing the terms of the insurance contract do not prevent this. In any case, the company is only required to make payment to the customer specifically if payment has effectively been received from the insurance company. COLOR AND CONDITION Auction lots will be exhibited for viewing prior to the auction, thus offering all interested customers the opportunity to examine the quality and condition of the works exhibited. The catalogue illustrations are intended to assist customers during such preview. In illustrations, printed colors do not correspond exactly to the originals. The printed catalogue images are not representative for the condition of the illustrated pieces. Flaws and damages are therefore always indicated in the catalogue. The illustrations in the online catalogue can be strongly magnified, so that damages and restorations are usually well recognizable. ENDANGERED SPECIES / CITES INFORMATION Some items in this catalogue may consist of material such as for example ivory, rhinoceros-horn, tortoise shell, coral or any rare types of tropical wood, and are therefore subject to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora [CITES]. Such items may only be exported outside the European Union after an export permit in accordance with CITES has been granted by the Austrian authorities. Zacke Gallery cannot and does not guarantee that such export permit may or will be obtained, but will by order of the winning bidder, once and exclusively after the item in question has been pain in full, apply to obtain such a permit at a fixed administrative fee of euro 500,- per application. COMPLAINTS At its auctions, Galerie Zacke sells consigned lots on behalf of thirdparty consignors. For this reason, any complaints related to purchased lots must be reported to Galerie Zacke within 6 weeks after the receipt of such lot. Our complete general terms and conditions of business can be found on our website www.zacke.at THE ART LOSS REGISTER All items starting above 2.000,- EUR have been checked by the Art Loss Register. FURTHER IMAGES More images of all lots can be found at: www.zacke.at


ABSENTEE BIDDING FORM

FOR THE AUCTION Fine Netsuke, Sagemono & Okimono NE0419 ON DATE APRIL 27 TH, 2019 LOT

PLEASE RAISE MY BID BY ONE BIDDING INCREMENT (ca. 10%) IF NECESSARY

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With the signature on this form, the client instructs the auctioneer to bid on his behalf. The Euro amount up to which the auctioneer shall bid on behalf of the client is either stated in this form or will be communicated to the auctioneer via telephone during the auction. All absentee bidding shall be governed by the terms and conditions [AGB] of Galerie Zacke. The client agrees with his signature that he has read, understood and fully accepted the AGB of Galerie Zacke. Galerie Zacke, founded 1968, is a registered brand of SZA Versteigerungen & Vertriebs GmbH, Vienna, Austria.

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IMPORTANT NOTICE: At its auctions, Galerie Zacke sells consigned lots on behalf of third-party consignors. For this reason, any complaints related to purchased lots must be reported to Galerie Zacke within 6 weeks after the receipt of such lot. 3


ABSENTEE BIDDING FORM

FOR THE AUCTION Fine Netsuke, Sagemono & Okimono NE0419 ON DATE APRIL 27 TH, 2019

LOT

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LOT TITLE

BID IN EURO


50 YEARS GALLERY ZACKE

HOW TO FIND US ON MARIAHILFERSTRASSE: BY PUBLIC TRANSPORT: 2-3 minutes from the U3 station ZIEGLERGASSE 3-5 minutes from the U3/U6 station WESTBAHNHOF BY CAR: Best route: take the Gürtel to the Westbahnhof and turn onto Mariahilferstraße; house number 112 is just after the Kaiserstraße. Access is possible by car, with loading and unloading all day as well as short term parking. Multiple garages directly nearby ADDRESS: Mariahilferstr. 112 1070 Vienna STAIRCASE 1, 2nd FLOOR (ELEVATOR)

Further images of all lots at: www.zacke.at

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Dear Collectors of Netsuke, It is a great pleasure to present to you our first netsuke catalog of the year – two more will follow – one in June featuring netsuke and a fine selection of Japanese art and another most likely in November, with a viewing possibility of select pieces during the INS convention in Paris. The immensely positive reception to our last catalog has also enabled us to source some very good private collections in the past half year. The most notable ones are from a collector from London noted in the catalog as ‘The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman’ and of course a fine collection of netsuke that were estimated by Sotheby’s in 1974 and 1984 (fig.1). For the pieces from that collection it will be relatively easy to obtain CITES licenses, as they are proven to have been in the European Union before 1972. Please see the ‘Auction information’ page for more details on the possibility of obtaining CITES licenses for the ivory netsuke in this catalog. The rest of the catalog comprises fine Netsuke from various private collections throughout Europe.

(fig 1)

Our catalog is divided into 21 different categories which are detailed in the table of contents on the next page. The most notable of these is ‘Stag Antler and Other Rare Materials’, a collection of carefully selected pieces made from materials which will perhaps become a focal point for many collectors, in the future. That is not to say that the magnificent selection of ivory pieces in this catalog should be neglected. Instead our ‘legal materials’ selection should simply provide an alternative and highlight the power and beauty of a somewhat overlooked field in netsuke art. It is true to say that we were spoiled with incredible quality and most importantly variety in our recently acquired collections, and this is why we have curated a diverse netsuke catalog, for beginners and scholars alike, so that we can together delve into the incredibly rich world of Japanese culture – in the form of little carvings that fit into the palms of our hands. Of course, for proper study of the field, we have included an index of carvers found in this publication, including all signatures (page 252 – 258). Lukas Zacke

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

SENNIN AND CHINESE IMMORTALS – Page 8 (Lots 1 – 18) GODS AND BUDDHISM – Page 18 (Lots 19 – 48) SHUNGA NETSUKE – Page 32 (Lots 49 – 59) TOKYO SCHOOL – Page 40 (Lots 60 - 68) ANIMALS OF THE JAPANESE ZODIAC – Page 46 (Lots 69 – 137) SCENES FROM DAILY LIFE – Page 108 (Lots 138 – 149) FOREIGNERS – Page 114 (Lots 150 – 160) STAG ANTLER AND OTHER RARE MATERIALS – Page 124 (Lots 161 – 188)

OTHER ANIMALS – Page 152 (Lots 189 – 224) MYTHS, LEGENDS AND HISTORICAL FIGURES – Page 178 (Lots 225 – 239) MYTHICAL BEINGS – Page 189 (Lots 240 – 258) SHOKI AND ONI – Page 203 (Lots 259 – 269) STILL LIFE – Page 212 (Lots 270 – 277) MANJU NETSUKE – Page 216 (Lots 278 – 283) KAGAMIBUTA NETSUKE – Page 218 (Lots 284 – 292) CONTEMPORARY NETSUKE – Page 222 (Lots 293 – 296) MASK NETSUKE – Page 224 (Lots 297 – 311) LACQUER NETSUKE – Page 230 (Lots 312 – 317) OJIME – Page 234 (Lots 318 – 319) INRO – Page 235 (Lots 320 – 328) SAGEMONO & OKIMONO – Page 243 (Lots 329 – 341)

detail of lot 169

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SENNIN AND CHINESE IMMORTALS

1 A POWERFUL TALL IVORY NETSUKE OF CHINNAN SENNIN WITH DRAGON AND TAMING STICK Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, late 18th to early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) Sennin are immortal mountain hermits who have human form however possess magical powers. Chinnan Sennin, who is depicted in this early ivory netsuke, has the magical power of conjuring a dragon from his pot-shaped vessel which he always carries with him and which is his defining attribute. He is holding the vessel in front of his body and the dragon is emerging from it, its well-carved scaly body, wrapping around the back of his neck and leaning on his shoulder. Both the Sennin and the dragon have powerful expressions, looking upwards into the heavenly skies. He is barefoot and wearing the characteristic Sennin mugwort leaf cloak with beautifully carved flowing folds. Interestingly, he is holding a large taming stick in his other hand, which he presumably uses to perform tricks with his trusty dragon companion. Very good and irregular himotoshi on the backside, which has a stunning honey patina. HEIGHT 8.8 CM Condition: Excellent condition with a beautiful patina Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-

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2 A RARE WOOD NETSUKE OF CHINNAN SENNIN Unsigned, wood netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

3 A RARE IVORY NETSUKE DEPICTING SENNIN BUKAN ZENSHI Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

Chinnan Sennin is depicted seated holding his vessel, which he used to conjure the dragon lying next to him, up high. He has a grim facial expression while the dragon has a somewhat mischievous one. The dragon was up to no good and Chinnan is fed up and calling him back into his vessel. Dark patina of the wood and small himotoshi on the underside.

This ivory netsuke of a Sennin with a very large tiger, most likely depicting Bukan Zenshi, a Chinese priest of the 7th century. The Sennin is dressed in Chinese robes and is leaning on the tiger and smiling, while the large tiger is looking downwards, with inlaid eyes, and a powerful expression. His fur coat is incised, and the tail is curling up the front. Natural himotoshi.

HEIGHT 2.9 CM, LENGTH 4.2 CM

HEIGHT 4 CM

Condition: Very good condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman

Condition: One paw of the tiger has been restored very well, however visible due to the discoloration of the material, a few age cracks, otherwise good condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman

Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

Literature comparison: Compare to another Sennin with tiger in very similar style in Zacke, Japanische Netsuke, Inro und andere Sagemono – Austellung 1986, no. 88. Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

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5 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF THE SENNIN TOBOSAKU BY MASAMORI By Masamori, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

4 A POWERFUL IVORY NETSUKE OF A SENNIN WITH BOY AND PEACH Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868) An early and unusual netsuke of a Sennin, possibly depicting Tobosaku Sennin, since the boy in front of him is holding a peach, though it could also be a reference to the Sennin being an immortal, as the peach is a symbol for this. The Sennin has is head tilted upwards to his left and is screaming, grasping his hair with his right hand – the movement of the composition brilliantly captured by the artist. He wears a Mugwort leaf cloak with long flowing robes. Himotoshi through the back. HEIGHT 4.4 CM Condition: Excellent condition, very smooth and beautiful patina Provenance: British private collection, formerly in the Walter Behrens collection (Joly’s catalogue, no. 3467, illustrated pl. XLV without an identifying number) Estimate EUR 2.500,Starting price EUR 1.250,-

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Tobosaku was a crafty man and is said to have been reincarnated six times. After visiting the fairy Xiwangmu, he stole one of her immortality peaches and became immortal. This netsuke shows him dancing gleefully with a large peach and his robes are finely decorated with cloud patterns. The reverse with a beautiful honey patina and the himotoshi, one of them cleverly hidden in his sleeve fold. The signature MASAMORI in a rounded reserve. HEIGHT 4.4 CM Condition: There is some glue residue around the area of the peach, which is carved separately and fixed with a screw - good condition, with a very attractive patina Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-


6 A GOOD IVORY NETSUKE OF GAMA SENNIN ATTRIBUTED TO YOSHINAGA Unsigned, attributed to Yoshinaga, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, late 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A large and expressive netsuke, unsigned but certainly by Yoshinaga or a pupil. Gama Sennin is seated with a protruding belly and mugwort leaf cloak with finely engraved cloud patterns. He is grinning from ear to ear as he holds up a bulky toad. The eyes of the pair are inlaid in horn. The underside showing the well-carved feet and one hand which he uses to support himself, as well as the himotoshi which leads to the other one in the back. Gama Sennin is derived from the Chinese immortal Liu Hai who is depicted with his ‘three-legged money toad’.

7 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF GAMA SENNIN WITH LARGE TOAD Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A charming ivory netsuke depicting Gama Sennin, dressed in a mugwort leaf cloak and with a bag draped over his shoulder, holding a large toad by the ‘hand’. The bulky toad with huge inlaid eyes of dark horn has a slightly dumbfounded expression, while the Sennin is gleefully smiling. Himotoshi through the back.

HEIGHT 3.9 CM, LENGTH 5.4 CM HEIGHT 4.2 CM Condition: The ivory is worn with some age cracks - generally, in very good and complete condition, good yellow patina on the underside Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Auction comparison: A very similar netsuke from Yoshinaga, however with a larger variation of the toad, was sold at Bonhams, Fine Japanese Art Including Two Masterpieces by Kitaoji Rosanjin (1183-1959), London, 7 November 2013, lot 13. Another netsuke by Yoshinaga, with the same style of toad, however of lesser quality was sold at Bonhams, Fine Japanese Art, London, 11 November 2010, lot 135.

Condition: The sleeve of the Sennin with a chip, otherwise good condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

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8 AN EARLY IVORY NETSUKE OF A CHINESE SAGE ON A LARGE BAG Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868) An early netsuke of a Chinese sage holding a fan and lying on a large bag, which probably belongs to Hotei. The man wears fine flowing robes and has sensitively carved facial features with a smooth, bald head and a prominent moustache. Excellent patina, and large himotoshi through the under- and backside. HEIGHT 4 CM Condition: Very good condition, with a honey patina and few expected age cracks Provenance: Austrian private collection Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

9 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF A RECLINING CHINESE IMMORTAL WITH A FAN Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, late 18th to early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) An early netsuke of a man lying straight and sprawled out, resting his head on one arm and holding a fan in the other hand. He has one eye closed, while the other is opened just a tiny bit, as he awakens. His long garment with wide sleeves is of a Chinese courtly style. As there is a hyotan on the reverse, this is probably an immortal as they keep their life elixir in such a vessel. This hyotan also forms the himotoshi. The facial expression but also the light hue of the ivory and fine polish make this a very noble netsuke.

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LENGTH 7 CM Condition: Very good conditon with few age cracks and beautiful patina Provenance: British private collection  Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-


10 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF A CHINESE SAGE Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A man standing on a large, rectangular, decoratively executed base, with his right hand on his right ear to hear better, his facial expression also showing heightened attentiveness. He is wearing a Chinese garment and a Daoist cap on his head; he could be one of the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove, namely Keiko, who is depicted with this hand position. The large pedestal beside him, possibly a box, is decorated with a landscape and plants. Himotoshi in the sage’s back.

11 AN EARLY IVORY NETSUKE OF A CHINESE IMMORTAL WITH A FLUTE Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A very finely carved scene showing a Chinese immortal dressed in Chinese garments, holding a flute in his hand and leaning with one arm on a table with four curved legs. Possibly the figure is the Chinese hermaphroditic immortal Lan Caihe, who was often depicted holding a flute. Despite the small size of this work, the artist was able to precisely execute the garment folds, facial features and even fingers and toes. Rectangular base with central himotoshi.

HEIGHT 5 CM HEIGHT 3.5 CM Condition: Good condition with an attractive patina; age cracks Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman

Condition: Good condition, with expected age cracks and excellent, used patina Provenance: Austrian private estate

Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

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12 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF A TAOIST IMMORTAL ON HORSEBACK SIGNED MASANAO Signed Masanao, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, late 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

13 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF ROSHI ON WATER BUFFALO Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

A fine, compact and ideally shaped netsuke depicting a bearded Chinese immortal, wearing a Taoist cap and holding a scroll, while mounting a horse. The horse is shown with its legs tucked tightly together and looking downwards, as if it was navigating a narrow mountain pass, which could mean that the immortal is Roshi (Laozi), however the latter rode on a water buffalo. More likely this netsuke depicts Konfuzius, known as Koshi in Japan. The robes of the immortal are finely incised with cloud patterns. ‘Chimney himotoshi’ through the underside and backside showing some wear and signature MASANAO. Probably a pupil of Masanao from Kyoto. The piece also shows some influence from Yoshinaga of Kyoto.

The Taoist philosopher and immortal Roshi (in Chinese Laozi, meaning literally ‘old master’) lived in the 6th century and is regarded as the founder of Taoism. In this netsuke he is shown riding a water buffalo, as according to legend he left China for the west in this way. During his journey, on the mountain pass Xiangu, he crossed paths with the border guard who encouraged him to write the famous Daodeijing. The water buffalo has his legs very closely together, with a hunchback and is looking downwards, indicating the narrow mountain pass. Roshi is seated at the very top, wearing a Taoist cap, gently smiling and looking up into the heavenly skies. ‘Chimney himotoshi’ through the underside and backside.

HEIGHT 7 CM

HEIGHT 7 CM

Condition: Very good condition with an appealing patina Provenance: European private collection

Condition: A section of the rope is lost between the two hands of Roshi, some age cracks - otherwise good condition Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 102, ex Fletcher collection

Estimate EUR 3.000,Starting price EUR 1.500,-

Estimate EUR 3.000,Starting price EUR 1.500,-

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14 A FINE NETSUKE OKIMONO OF A CHINESE IMMORTAL WITH MYTHICAL DOG BY TEIMIN By Teimin, ivory okimono-netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) Depicting an immortal lady with huge sleeves and flowing Chinese garments, holding a fan and with heavenly garlands surrounding her. Seated on a Chinese table next to her is a little whimsical dog, quite mythical in its appearance with a bushy tail and a flowing mane, raising one paw up high and letting out a hearty roar. The facial features of the lady are crafted sensitively and she has the appearance of a fairy, reminiscent of the Queen mother of the west, or Seiobo in Japanese. Signature on the base in a wavy reserve TEIMIN. HEIGHT 6.3 CM Condition: A small section of the end of one garland which extends to the floor has been reattached - otherwise pristine condition Provenance: Michael Tomkinson collection no. 477, with old label Literature comparison: Possibly the same depiction labelled as a tall ivory netsuke of a ‘foreign lady with dog’ is in the collection of the LACMA (AC1998.249.60), formerly in the Bushell collection Estimate EUR 2.500,Starting price EUR 1.250,-

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2 views

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15 A GOOD TALL IVORY NETSUKE DEPICTING TEKKAI SENNIN Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

16 A RARE STAG ANTLER NETSUKE OF IKKAKU SENNIN WITH SENDA BUNIN Unsigned, stag antler netsuke Japan, late 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

Tekkai Sennin is depicted holding his characteristic iron cane and holding a strand of hair in his other hand, looking upwards into the heavenly sky. His expression is crafted very vividly with inlaid pupils of black horn. His mouth is slightly opened with visible teeth and he is smiling gently. He is depicted barefoot and wearing a mugwort leaf cloak, with a double gourd attached to his obi. Tekkai Sennin is derived from the Chinese immortal Li Tieguai and is known to have blown out his soul in order to travel into the heaven and meet the philosopher Lao Zi to have a chat. Himotoshi through the back and cleverly hidden in the sleeve fold. Beautiful honey patina on the backside.

A rare stag antler netsuke of Ikkaku Sennin carrying Senda Bunin (also known as the lady from Benares) derived from the Noh play titled ‘Ikkaku Sennin’, written by Komparu Zembo Motoyasu (1453 – 1532). Ikkaku Sennin is a one-horned hermit who has captured the Dragon kings and kept them from letting rain fall from the sky. In the Noh-drama he is seduced by the beautiful lady Senda Bunin and eventually loses all his power, thus freeing the dragon kings. In this netsuke he is depicted carrying the lady on his back, symbolizing the power she has over him. His expression is quite grim as he is using both hands to hold her on his back, while she looks rather joyous. Both of them are wearing mugwort leaf cloaks, typical of Sennin, incised with cloud-patterns. Good and irregular himotoshi on the reverse.

HEIGHT 9.2 CM

HEIGHT 9.8 CM

Condition: The walking stick with a break through the middle, minor age cracks Provenance: British private collection

Condition: The patina is slightly worn, and one foot is repaired with ivory otherwise good condition Provenance: British private collection

Estimate EUR 1.200,Starting price EUR 600,-

Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-


17 A TALL IVORY NETSUKE OF CHOKARO SENNIN Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868) Chokaro Sennin, recognizable by the gigantic gourd attached to his back, is smiling and looking upwards to his right and holding his very large flowing beard in his hand. He is wearing a mugwort leaf cloak with flowing folds. Himotoshi in the backside. HEIGHT 8.8 CM Condition: The ivory slightly worn, minor age cracks, very attractive yellowish patina on the backside Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

18 AN AMUSING IVORY NETSUKE OF CHOKARO SENNIN WITH HIS HORSE Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) An amusing variant of the Chokaro Sennin motif showing the immortal riding on top of his magic gourd, from which a horse emerges. The Sennin is carved expressively, his robes flowing and he is exclaiming, as he is being dragged by the galloping horse, of which only the front section can be seen. The ivory bearing a good color and patina and with large irregular himotoshi on the underside. HEIGHT 3.2 CM, LENGTH 6.4 CM Condition: The right hand chipped, minor age cracks - generally, in good condition with an appealing patina Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 1.200,Starting price EUR 600,-

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GODS AND BUDDHISM 19 AN UNUSUAL IVORY NETSUKE OF HOTEI LAUGHING AND A BOY BY YASUHIDE By Yasuhide, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A particularly humorous netsuke showing the gleefully laughing, fat-bellied Hotei lying comfortably on his giant bag containing treasure (takaramono). This bag, which is larger than Hotei himself, is being pulled by a very small karako who is clearly having a hard time. Large himotoshi on the underside, signed YASUHIDE koku no kore (carved by ...), within a leafshaped reserve. LENGTH 6.6 CM Condition: The patina worn with a few age cracks – good and complete condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

20 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF HOTEI PLAYING KAMIFUKI AND A KARAKO BY MINZAN By Minzan, ivory netsuke Japan, mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

21 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF HOTEI AND A BOY BY MASATOSHI By Masatoshi, ivory netsuke Japan, Tokyo, mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

A relatively small netsuke of Hotei seated on the ground, bald and as always with a naked chest and belly. He is looking upwards at a piece of paper stuck to his forehead and is bringing his lips forward to blow the paper away, playing the game of kamifuki. A small karako is standing beside him pointing and pulling on one of the lucky god’s ears. An unusual and rare subject. Signature MINZAN, a pupil from the school of Tomochika, and small himotoshi on the underside.

A small, very charming netsuke showing Hotei in a Chinese garment, barefoot and with a stick over his shoulders, to which his characteristic sack with treasure (takaramono) is attached on one side. A small boy hangs in a cloth attached on the other side. A dense and lively composition showing considerable wear with a fine patina. Small himotoshi on the reverse, signed MASATOSHI on the sack in a worn wavy reserve. Masatoshi was a student of Chikuyosai Tomochika. HEIGHT 3.9 CM

HEIGHT 2.9 CM, WIDTH 3.5 CM Condition: Very good condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 500,Starting price EUR 250,-

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Condition: Good condition with expected wear, some red paint residue on the underside Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-


22 AN EARLY IVORY NETSUKE OF A CHINESE BOY ON HOTEI’S SACK Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 18th century A very early netsuke depicting a Chinese boy or karako, his facial features extensively worn, reclining on a sack (fukuro) – an allusion to the lucky god Hotei and holding a leaf-shaped fan in one hand, on a strikingly crafted base. Very pronounced, fine honey patina. Large himotoshi through the base. A very well-rounded composition.

23 A VERY RARE 17 TH CENTURY IVORY NETSUKE OF TWO CHINESE BOYS WITH HOTEI’S SACK Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 17th century, Edo period (1615-1868) This netsuke shows a popular theme, adopted from China, and used for some of the earliest Japanese netsuke which derived from Chinese toggles. The next catalog no. 24 shows the same motif, though slightly later and smaller. The present netsuke shows a very deep patina, several age cracks and large and well hollowed-out himotoshi, the

24 AN EARLY IVORY NETSUKE OF TWO CHINESE BOYS AND THE BAG OF HOTEI Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, mid-18th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

HEIGHT 3.9 CM Condition: Good condition, with very appealing honey patina and few expected age cracks Provenance: Austrian private collection, formerly acquired at Galerie Zacke in the 1990s Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

edges smoothed from wear. Depicted are two Chinese boys, their facial expressions executed very much in the style of the Mingdynasty, dressed in Chinese robes and holding a fan together above a tied sack – an allusion to the lucky deity Hotei (in Chinese Budai). HEIGHT 3.5, LENGTH 4.6 CM Condition: Worn condition, very appealing patina, age cracks and the fan is slightly chipped Provenance: Austrian private collection Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

a characteristic attribute of Hotei. Himotoshi through the bag with a large opening on the underside, very good patina, ideally rounded shape. HEIGHT 2.8 CM

Two karako are leaning on the bag of the lucky god Hotei, which contains treasure (takaramono). The bag has a large spherical shape and is tied up on the top. The boys, one of them with curly hair and the other bald, are only slightly taller than the bag. One of the boys is holding a fan, which is

Condition: Good condition, wear and age cracks, remnants of red paint on the underside Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

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25 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF THREE CHINESE BOYS AND A DRUM Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, late 18th to early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) Two boys on a square hollowed base are holding up a third boy beating a drum. All boys are executed as karako with small tufts of hair on otherwise bald heads. Himotoshi through several opeings of the base and under the boys.

An early and unusual netsuke of a two-sided gong or drum with a voluminous body on a massive, decoratively crafted frame with fluted feet. Both striking areas are inlaid with silver. Two boys, or karako, are standing on either side, each raising an arm to touch the top of the drum, one of them holding a mallet and both wearing full-length garments. Fine patina, natural himotoshi through the frame.

HEIGHT 4.5 CM

HEIGHT 4.6 CM

Condition: The ivory worn, few age cracks, plugged nerve channel on the bottom, generally in good condition Provenance: British private collection

Condition: Good condition, the ivory worn with few age cracks and a good patina Provenance: British private collection  Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

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26 A RARE AND UNUSUAL IVORY NETSUKE OF TWO CHINESE BOYS AT A PALACE GONG Unsigned, ivory netsuke with silver inlay Japan, late 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868)


27 A FINE IVORY NETSUKE OF HOTEI BY MEIKEISAI HOJITSU By Meikeisai Hojitsu, ivory netsuke Japan, Tokyo, mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) Published: Illustrated in the Meinertzhagen Card Index on Netsuke in the Archives of the British Museum Part A, Frederick Meinertzhagen (edited by George Lazarnick), New York, 1986, page 170. This netsuke shows the popular Hotei, one of the Seven Lucky Gods, as always with naked chest and belly, bald head and bright laugh, with his heavy bag containing treasure (takaramono) on his back. A masterfully dense composition, very lively and many precisely executed details, like Hotei’s expression and the garment and sack folds. Hotei is carrying a hyotan on his belt, containing the elixir of life (or sake). Small himotoshi on the side through the bag, above the minutely incised signature MEIKEISAI HOJITSU, possibly the most eminent netsuke carver in Tokyo, who died in 1872. HEIGHT 4 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 1.600,Starting price EUR 800,-

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28 A CHARMING IVORY NETSUKE OF A BOY RIDING A CAT Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, late 19th century, Meiji period (1868-1912)

29 AN IVORY SEAL NETSUKE OF HOTEI The seal reading Masashige, ivory seal netsuke Japan, late 18th – early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

A cheerful boy is seated on a large toy cat with a round head, staring eyes, a collar and four straight stump legs. The boy on the other hand is full of his life, leaning forwards and with a small bag on his belt. Outlined himotoshi on the underside in the cat’s belly.

A very well-rounded composition showing a sleeping Hotei leaning on a cane. He is depicted bare-chested and his ear lobes are as large as ever. This netsuke is an ingyo netsuke, as a large seal is incised on the underside within a frame. Himotoshi in the back.

HEIGHT 3.7 CM

HEIGHT 3 CM

Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman

Condition: Very good patina, many age cracks, good condition Provenance: British private collection

Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-


30 AN IVORY NETSUKE OKIMONO OF A BOY IN HOTEI’S BAG Signed in seal form Tanaka, ivory netsuke-okimono Japan, Tokyo, late 19th century, Meiji period (1868-1912) Hotei’s characteristic bag on a flat oval base, with large oval openings on the front and back. A laughing boy is peeking through one of the openings and holding a fan, the typical attribute of the lucky god Hotei, who always carries a bag like this with him and is often accompanied by boys. Fine vine decorations on the bag, which should contain treasure (takaramono). Himotoshi on the underside and signed in seal form TANAKA. Tomochika school. WIDTH 5.3 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

31 AN UNUSUAL IVORY NETSUKE OF HOTEI ON A THRONE BY CHIKUSAI By Chikusai, ivory netsuke Japan, mid-19th century to early Meiji period (1868-1912) Published: Illustrated in The Meinertzhagen Card Index on Netsuke in the Archives of the British Museum Part A, Frederick Meinertzhagen (edited by George Lazarnick), page 25 Hotei is one of the Seven Lucky Gods of Japan, the Shichi Fukujin. This work shows him smiling happily as always, with a bald head and a naked protruding belly, in this case held in place by a belt. Hotei is holding a hand fan and is seated on a Chinese chair with back and arm rests and decorated with peony blossoms as well as a shishi mask on the back. Himotoshi outlined with chrysanthemums on the underside, with the signature CHIKUSAI in between. HEIGHT 3.9 CM Condition: Good condition Provenance: British private collection, formerly in the Michael Tomkinson collection (noted in MCI) Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

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32 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF FUKUROKUJU Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

33 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF FUKUROKUJU SIGNED BY SHIGEMASA Signed by Shigemasa, ivory netsuke Japan, 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

The name Fuku-roku-ju literally means luck-wealth-longevity. He can be identified by his extremely elongated head. He has a full beard and is wearing a garment that shows mostly floral decorations. His face is very expressive and the netsuke has a firm, cohesive shape, even slightly ‘primeval’, surely a reference to longevity. Good himotoshi through the back and underside.

A rather small netsuke of the lucky deity Fukurokuju, depicted with his typical over-exaggeratedly, almost phallic, large forehead. He is holding a fan in his right hand and has a quaint facial expression. Very fine patina and large himotoshi through the back and underside. The bottom with the signature SHIGEMASA. HEIGHT 4 CM

HEIGHT 5.5 CM Condition: The right hand is chipped, otherwise good condition with a fine patina Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

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Condition: Good condition with expected age cracks and fine patina Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-


34 A FINE IVORY NETSUKE OF JUROJIN WITH BOY Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, probably Osaka, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

35 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF JUROJIN WITH STAG Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

Jurojin, literally “long-living old man”, is one of the Seven Lucky Gods and congenial to the prominent Fukurokuju, being bearded and having an elongated head, however with a cloth over it and carrying a gnarled staff. He is a patron of scholarly success and thus has a boy with a scroll on his back beside him. A fine, lively and densely carved work. Decorations with vines and leaves on the garment and very appealingly stained, the treatment is reminiscent of the Osaka school. Good himotoshi on the reverse.

Jurojin, Japanese for “long-lived, old man”, is the god of longevity and scholarly success. This work shows him laughing, with the characteristic long beard and elongated head, and holding his mount, a deer, in front of him. The placement and small size of the himotoshi, on the underside, suggest this is a netsuke-okimono. HEIGHT 5 CM

HEIGHT 4.3 CM

Condition: Worn patina, good condition Provenance: Austrian private estate

Condition: Good condition, expected wear and age cracks Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman

Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

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36 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF EBISU WITH SEA BREAM BY ONO RYOMIN By Ryomin, ivory netsuke Japan, Tokyo, late 19th century, Meiji period (1912-1868) The lucky god Ebisu, one of the Shichifukujin (Seven Lucky Gods), is depicted here holding down a large tai (sea bream) with both his hands, with a very content expression. He has a full beard, well-expressed large earlobes and is wearing a cap with a bowtie on top of it. The tai seems to be enjoying himself too, best visible on the underside, as his expression is quite humorous with a wide smile. The scales and fins are carved very precisely, as are the garments of Ebisu, which are flowing and incised with leaves and vines. Note also the very sensitively carved fingers and toes. The ivory is covered in a very attractive stain, the small himotoshi are found on the reverse and the signature RYOMIN, for Ono Ryomin, is located on his left buttock. Ebisu is patron of the fishermen and is also called the ‘laughing god’.

37 A RARE IVORY NETSUKE OF JUROJIN AND BENTEN BY JORYU By Joryu, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century Edo period (1615-1868) A rare ivory netsuke of the lucky deity Jurojin sheltering Benten under a canopy, who is seated on Jurojin’s stag and playing her Biwa. Benten is the only goddess in the group of the Shichifukujin and is a symbol for love, poetry and music and is probably derived from the Hindu goddess Sarasvati. Benten is quite rarely depicted in netsuke art, and often with Bishamonten, who is even rarer to find. The figural group is carved on a base with an archaistic diaper band incised on the side and a small central himotoshi on the underside, with the signature JORYU located in a rounded reserve. HEIGHT 3.7 CM

HEIGHT 3.7 CM Condition: Only one very minor chip to the edge of the bowtie on the cap, otherwise very good condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

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Condition: Good condition, the ivory slightly worn with a good patina and some red paint residue on the underside Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-


38 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF DAIKOKU ON A RICE BALE BY RANTEI By Rantei, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

39 A SMALL IVORY NETSUKE OF DAIKOKU WITH DAIKON AND RAT BY THE TOMOCHIKA SCHOOL By Tomochika, ivory netsuke Japan, Edo, mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

Daikoku is one of the Shichi Fukujin, the Seven Lucky Gods of Japan, and symbolizes wealth, his attributes (all seen in this work) being bales of rice, on which he stands, a magic mallet that is said to produce anything desired when struck, and a sack of treasure. Himotoshi through the rice bale, which shows a flaming magic pearl (tama) on the front and reverse, one of which shows the signature RANTEI, who was a well-known netsuke master in Kyoto. Very wellcarved details in this characterful work.

Daikokuken, one of the Seven Lucky Gods of Japan and associated with wealth and prosperity, is dragging a daikon radish (both Daikoku and daikon have the same dai, as in “large”) with a rat (nezumi) on top, which is also a symbol of this deity. A very lively, dense composition. Natural himotoshi between the legs and radish leaves, signed TOMOCHIKA within a wavy reserve on the smooth reverse of the daikon.

HEIGHT 5.2 CM

HEIGHT 3.1 CM, WIDTH 3.7 CM

Condition: Very good condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 1.200,Starting price EUR 600,-

Condition: Very good condition, age crack through the daikon Provenance: British private collection Literature comparison: A very similar netsuke is depicted in The Meinertzhagen Card Index on Netsuke in the Archives of the British Museum Part B, Frederick Meinertzhagen (edited by George Lazarnick), New York, 1986, page 895. Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

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40 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF A RAKAN ON A ROCK BY ZOKOKU By Zokoku, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

41 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF A MONK AND REPENTANT ONI Unsigned, Tomochika school, ivory netsuke Japan, mid to late 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

A figurally well-crafted depiction of a Rakan – an enlightened Buddhist – seated on a wide rock. The head is expressive in an appealing manner, the almost naked torso shows ribs and a swollen belly. The Rakan is holding a hyotan containing the elixir of life in one hand. Large himotoshi through the rock. The signature is remarkable, with an elephant (zo) and the character Koku, hence ZOKOKU. This signature with the animal is known and documented.

A compact ivory netsuke of a monk sawing off the horns of a repentant oni, who is accepting the teachings of Buddha and is begging for forgiveness. Himotoshi through the back; unsigned but attributed to the Tomochika school.

HEIGHT 4.8 CM Condition: Minor age cracks and wear, the ink from of one of the pupils is worn off - generally, in good condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

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HEIGHT 4.4 CM Condition: One hand of the oni has been restored - otherwise good condition with an attractive yellowish patina Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-


42 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF A POWERFUL NIO ON A SANDAL BY TOMOMASA By Tomomasa, ivory netsuke Japan, Edo, mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

43 A WOOD NETSUKE OF A SEVERED NIO HEAD Unsigned, wood netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

Nio are athletic temple guardians, whose sculptures are seen by the entrance gates of Buddhist temples. In the present netsuke his torso is naked and very muscular, the accentuated face is grim and defensive, and he has a heavenly garland around his shoulders. The nio is sitting on a large sandal (waraji), as it was thought that offering a sandal to their sculptures would heal the exhausted feet from the long pilgrimages to the temples. The sandal is carved with great precision and shows the signature TOMOMASA on the underside. Tomomasa was a student of Tomochika in Tokyo. There are possibilities for natural himotoshi, though the carving is more of an okimono.

A wood netsuke in the form of a severed head of a Nio. The guardian king’s head is carved expressively, with glaring eyes, opened mouth and splendidly carved hair tied into a top knot. The underside with the fleshy structure, revealing that this is in fact a ‘real’ Nio and not a sculpture, and angled himotoshi. Severed heads from battle were a popular theme in Japanese art, however the motif of a severed Nio head is quite rare.

HEIGHT 3.8, LENGTH 4.9 CM

HEIGHT 3.9 CM

Condition: Very good condition with an excellent patina Provenance: British private collection   Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: European private collection Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

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44 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF DARUMA WALL-GAZING BY MASAHIRO By Masahiro, ivory netsuke Japan, Osaka, mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) Daruma, the patriarch of Zen Buddhism, is seated in a fully closed, ball-shaped position and fully wrapped up in garments, suggesting a particularly cold day during his nine years of wall-gazing and also explaining his grim expression. Daruma is holding a hossu in one hand and his eyes are inlaid in black horn. Details such as the beard and eyebrows are inked. Himotoshi through the back and behind. Signed MASAHIROÂ on the base, a pupil of Mitsuhiro.

45 A WOOD NETSUKE OF A MEDITATING DARUMA Unsigned, wood netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) Daruma is the first patriarch of Zen Buddhism, the son of an Indian king who went to China in the 6th century. He spent nine years gazing at a wall, known as Menpeki Kunen. Although he is a personification of Buddhist law, he is often parodied, not just in netsuke art. This work however shows him in a serious manner, meditating with his legs tightly crossed. The recesses in his face and especially the garment folds are strikingly colored in black, and the lightly stained wood has a very appealing patina. Himotoshi through the back.

HEIGHT 3.4 CM HEIGHT 4.3 CM Condition: Good condition, one tiny thin hairline on the back of the head Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Literature comparison: Compare to an almost identical example illustrated in The Meinertzhagen Card Index on Netsuke in the Archives of the British Museum Part A, Frederick Meinertzhagen (edited by George Lazarnick), page 413. Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

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Condition: Very good condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-


46 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF OKAME YAWNING Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

47 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF OKAME IN FRONT OF A SCREEN BY HIDEMASA By Hidemasa, ivory netsuke Japan, Osaka, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

An amusing depiction of the Shinto goddess Okame, also known as Otafuku, known for performing the first nude dance in Japan. This work shows her half-nude, with large breasts and a large belly like Daruma and yawning strongly. Both arms are raised up, again in the manner of the Zen patriarch Daruma, who surely had to yawn quite often during his nine years of wall-gazing. Okame depicted in this way is also often called Onna Daruma (“Woman Daruma�). Large himotoshi through the back and behind.

The Shinto goddess Okame, also known as Otafuku and Oto, known for the first nude dance in Japan, is identifiable by her chubby-cheeked, pear-shaped face. Her nude breasts are subtly crafted in this work. She is seated with one leg tucked up in front of a smooth folding screen (tsuitate) and holding both arms over her head. Arched loop for cord suspension and signature HIDEMASA, probably the son of the elder Hidemasa Chingendo, on the reverse.

HEIGHT 5.8 CM

LENGTH 3.5 CM

Condition: Good condition, expected age cracks Provenance: British private collection

Condition: Very good condition Provenance: British private collection

Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

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48 A FINE IVORY NETSUKE OF OKAME LAUGHING Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, late 18th to early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) This very compact, charming and meticulously decorated netsuke shows the Shinto goddess Okame dressed in a long garment, with characteristically chubby cheeks and laughing. Her small bare feet and long hair reaching to the ground on the back and in between the excellent himotoshi are subtle details. The ivory of a beautiful color with a deep patina. HEIGHT 4.3 CM Condition: Good condition, vertical age cracks on the sides Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-

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SHUNGA NETSUKE 49 A RARE IVORY SHUNGA NETSUKE OF OKAME WITH TENGU MASK BY SHUOSAI HIDEMASA By Shuosai (Hidemasa), ivory shunga netsuke Japan, Osaka, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) An ivory netsuke depicting the Shinto goddess Okame with a glamorous hairstyle, holding her hand to her mouth and impishly laughing, as she strokes the phallic long nose of a tengu mask wrapped in a cloth. The tengu mask has a fierce expression, heavily contrasting to the expression of Okame, almost as if it does not approve of her behavior (sometimes Okame is depicted with the tengu king Sojobo, who never approves of her naughty behavior). Her robes are ornately decorated with various geometrical patterns and clouds, typical for the Osaka artist. The large himotoshi are well-hidden in a garment fold and the underside with the freely written signature SHUOSAI, for Shuosai Hidemasa. HEIGHT 4.5 CM Condition: Very good condition, beautiful patina, the cord hole slightly worn Provenance: European private collection, acquired from Neil Holton Literature comparison: Compare to a similar netsuke signed Hidemasa in Shunga Netsuke published by Sagemonoya, page 21, no. 37. Estimate EUR 3.000,Starting price EUR 1.500,-

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50 A RARE TALL IVORY SHUNGA NETSUKE OF A BIJIN Unsigned, ivory shunga netsuke Japan, mid to late 19th century A tall ivory netsuke of a laughing Bijin, with blacklacquered hair tied into a top-knot, her robe slipping, revealing her breasts, and only held together with the hand she is holding the fan with. The fan is placed teasingly and those that wish to see more, can tilt the netsuke which reveals her visible genitals. A netsuke filled with subtle (and not so subtle) erotic fantasy, as the backside with her robe gently slipping down her shoulder invoke a feeling of lust. Her robes are decorated with a large kiku blossom and scrolling vines and leaves. Her taunting facial expression is quite amusing and crafted sensitively. Good and irregular himotoshi in the back. HEIGHT 10.2 CM Condition: There is minor damage around the area of the fan, which indicates that the screws holding it in place are not original. Otherwise good condition. Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-

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51 AN IVORY SHUNGA NETSUKE OF A NUDE WOMAN WASHING HERSELF BY THE TOMOCHIKA SCHOOL By Tomochika, ivory shunga netsuke Japan, Edo/Tokyo, mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A small, finely carved figure of a fully nude woman, kneeling beside a water bucket and scrubbing her back with a cloth. Masterfully executed facial features, pinned up black hair, himotoshi in the back. Tiny signature on the underside of the bucket – TOMOCHIKA of Tokyo or his school. HEIGHT 3.8 CM Condition: Very good condition with minor surface wear and excellent patina Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

52 A RARE IVORY SHUNGA NETSUKE WITH BIJIN, BOY AND OCTOPUS Unsigned, ivory shunga netsuke Japan, Tokyo, mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A clever and rare ivory netsuke rich with naughty symbolism, depicting a young Bijin (female beauty) squeezing out water from her loin cloth above a basket with a small octopus inside. As she lifts her loin cloth, she is revealing her genitals, which the small boy next to her points out, grinning mischievously. The octopus in the little basket, a symbol for male sexuality and often depicted being amorous with fisher girls, is shown with an innocent expression and sensual tentacles dangling over the sides. The ivory is of a very good color and lightly stained, with small details such as the little comb in her hair or the finely incised pattern on the boy’s cloth. Good himotoshi in her buttocks and unsigned, but Tomochika school. HEIGHT 5.5 CM Condition. Excellent condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

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53 A RARE IVORY SHUNGA NETSUKE OF A BIJIN WITH A PIPE BY HAKUUNSAI By Hakuunsai, ivory shunga netsuke Japan, Tokyo/Edo, mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

54 AN IVORY SHUNGA NETSUKE OF A LADY WITH MUSHROOM BY EIRAKUSAI By Eirakusai, ivory shunga netsuke Japan, Tokyo, mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

Bijin seated on the ground, wearing an elaborate hairstyle and partly obscuring her face with a fan. One of her arms rests on the small vanity box beside her and she is holding a pipe with an eccentrically long stem. Her suggestive facial features show a sensual expression, of which this Bijin is surely quite aware. Very small himotoshi on the reverse, and the underside with some red coloring shows her two sensitively carved feet and her genitals. Signed on the underside of the box HAKUUNSAI, an artist from the circle of the Kikugawa family.

An ivory netsuke of a lady with an elaborately crafted hairstyle, bearing some resemblance to Okame, holding a phallic mushroom in her right hand and mischievously laughing, with the other hand held to her chin. Her facial expression is crafted sensitively showing a slightly opened mouth with visible teeth. Her garments are decorated with various patterns and the small himotoshi are found in the back. Signature in a way reserve on the underside EIRAKUSAI. HEIGHT 3.7 CM

HEIGHT 4 CM Condition: Good and complete condition, some wear and a few age cracks Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Literature comparison: Compare to another shunga netsuke by Hakuunsai, Marie-Therese Coullery and Martin S. Newstead, Geneve, 1977, page 392, C914. Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

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Condition: Good condition, the ivory slightly worn Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-


55 AN IVORY SHUNGA NETSUKE OF A MAN TASTING A CLAM BY THE TOMOCHIKA SCHOOL By Tomochika, ivory shunga netsuke Japan, Tokyo, mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A suggestive ivory netsuke of a seated man holding two fingers to his tongue to taste the flesh of a clam, a symbol for female genitalia. The man has a sword tied to his obi next to the himotoshi and signature in a wavy reserve TOMOCHIKA – by a member of the Tomochika school. The ivory of a very appealing color. HEIGHT 3.5 CM

56 AN IVORY SHUNGA NETSUKE OF A MONKEY Unsigned, ivory shunga netsuke Japan, 20 th century A very unusual depiction of a monkey stimulating himself, one hand holding his genitals and the other suggestively pointing at them. The carving is refined, minutely incised fur, very good details all around, such as the bony fingers of the monkey and the double inlaid eyes in dark and translucent horn. Shunga netsuke were usually less straightforward than the present example, often with hidden meanings, which places this netsuke in the early to mid-20th century, however the quality of the carving, as noted, is unmistakable.

Condition: One foot has been repaired, otherwise good condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman

HEIGHT 3.7 CM

Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

Condition: Very good condition Provenance: French private collection Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

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57 AN IVORY SHUNGA NETSUKE OF A RECLINING BIJIN WITH FAN BY KOHOSAI By Kohosai, ivory shunga netsuke Japan, Osaka, Meiji period (1868-1912) A beautiful and intricate study of a reclining Bijin. She is supporting her head on her elbow and holding a fan in her left hand, as she gently turns her head to the left, with sensitively crafted facial features. Her robes are beautifully lacquered in an unusual tone of pinkish amber. In Collector’s Netsuke (1971, p. 54), Raymond Bushell discusses Kohosai’s remarkable skill at manipulating lacquer to achieve convincing colors, textures and patinas on the surface of his netsuke, which is evident in this piece. The underside with a garment fold forming the himotoshi and a further opening of her robes, near her delightfully carved feet, revealing her genitals. The signature KOHOSAI is found on the underside near the sleeve. LENGTH 6.6 CM Condition: Very good condition, minor wear and two minor age cracks Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-

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58 AN IVORY SHUNGA NETSUKE OF A BIJIN BY KOHOSAI By Kohosai, ivory shunga netsuke with some lacquer Japan, Osaka, late 19th century, Meiji period (1868-1912) A seated Bijin, grasping for one of her hair needles with one hand. Her hair pinned up, one leg is raised, the very skillfully incised lacquered garment with rich folds shows black-lacquered decorations with bamboo and incised little sparrows. The finely executed face with sensual features is a joy to behold. The himotoshi on the underside are ingenuously placed past the exposed genitalia, with the signature KOHOSAI directly adjacent. HEIGHT 4.8 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

59 AN IVORY SHUNGA NETSUKE OF A BIJIN WITH PIPE BY KOHOSAI By Kohosai, ivory shunga netsuke Japan, Osaka, Meiji period (1868-1912) Another fine and sensitively crafted model by the Osaka artist, who also made nos. 57 and 58. The Bijin is seated half-kneeling and holding a long pipe between both hands. She has sensitive facial features and her hair is tied in a typical Bijin manner. Her robes are elaborate, incised with a scarce pattern and beautifully lacquered in an unusual tone of pinkish amber. In Collector’s Netsuke (1971, p. 54), Raymond Bushell discusses Kohosai’s remarkable skill at manipulating lacquer to achieve convincing colors, textures and patinas on the surface of his netsuke, which is evident in this piece. The underside with a garment fold forming the himotoshi, under which her genitals can be seen. The signature KOHOSAI is found under her knee. HEIGHT 4.5 CM Condition: Very good condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

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TOKYO SCHOOL

60 TWO IVORY TOKYO-SCHOOL NETSUKE DEPICTING OKAME BY YASUMASA AND YASUAKI By Yasuaki (Homei) and Yasumasa (Hosei), ivory netsuke with inlays Japan, Meiji period (1868-1912) or later Yasuaki (Homei) Kodama was born in 1977 in Tokyo and had many students, one of them being Yasumasa. The two following netsuke are by master and student. Yasuaki: A very small netsuke depicting a pretty, sensual girl in the style of Okame. The liveliness of the face is simply astonishing considering the small size of the work. The girl is kneeling, her head particularly large, her hair tied on the back, the belt, only visible on the reverse, made from dark horn. The tiny hands and bare feet are delicately carved. Tiny himotoshi and signature YASUAKI with the family name Kodama inlaid in silver below on the underside. Yasumasa: A considerably larger netsuke depicting a chubby girl with full cheeks in the style of Okame, as this Shinto goddess (who performed a striptease in front of the gods) is often parodied. This netsuke has a strikingly plump presence, exemplified by the hairstyle, which is inlaid with coral and horn, as well as the face and body, which is very well-rounded. The garment shows a precisely incised, detailed und lightly stained decorative pattern, with edges of the robes inlaid with horn. Himotoshi on the underside, very small signature YASUMASA with the to for “carved it” inlaid separately in silver. HEIGHT 2.8 - 4.1 CM Condition: Both in excellent condition with minor wear Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-

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61 A TOKYO-SCHOOL IVORY NETSUKE OF AN OIRAN WITH A KAMURO BY GYOKUZAN By Gyokuzan, ivory netsuke with inlays Japan, Tokyo, late 19th century, Meiji period (1868-1912) A very finely carved depiction of an Oiran, a courtesan and prostitute, wearing a long garment and long hair flowing far down her back. The light-green stained garment is decorated with large blossoms, some of which are inlaid in lacquer and horn. Beside her is a girl carrying a vanity box with both hands. She is a Kamuro, a child attendant or a kind of ‘apprentice’. Small himotoshi set with horn in the back of the Oiran, signed GYOKUZAN on the underside on a small lacquered plate. HEIGHT 5 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 1.200,Starting price EUR 600,-


62 A FINE TOKYO-SCHOOL IVORY NETSUKE OF A MAN WITH GLASSES AND AN ABACUS BY YASUMASA By Yasumasa (Hosei), ivory netsuke with inlays of mother of pearl and horn Japan, Tokyo, Meiji period (1868-1912) A very amusing depiction of a kneeling man, resting his head on one hand and sticking out his tongue. His head is executed in a lively manner and he is wearing glasses made from horn. He has an abacus on his knees and probably uses it to read people’s fortunes on the street for a little money. Possibly he is sticking out his tongue to insult a passerby who refused him. Finely carved details, such as the inlaid tobacco pouch and kiseruzutsu on the belt on the reverse, the himotoshi on the underside are set with dark horn. Signature YASUMASA on the underside with red-lacquer seal YAMAGAWA. HEIGHT 3.4 CM Condition: Minor wear to inlays, generally in very good condition Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 141 Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-

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63 A FINE INLAID IVORY NETSUKE DEPICTING AN ACROBAT Unsigned, ivory netsuke with inlays Japan, probably Tokyo, late 19th century, Meiji period (1868-1912) The ivory netsuke is stained and of a very appealing color, depicting an acrobat doing a handstand, his body amusingly contorted, with his legs just above his head. He is wearing ornate robes inlaid with horn buttons stained in different colors. Furthermore, he has a mon on his chest and is wearing a lion mask cap. Very good and irregular himotoshi to the side and above his head. HEIGHT 4 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London gentleman Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

64 A TOKYO-SCHOOL IVORY NETSUKE OF A FISHERMAN IN A BOAT BY KUSAN By Kusan, ivory netsuke with inlays Japan, Tokyo, Meiji period (1868-1912) A fine ivory netsuke of a fisherman with curly hair, possibly an islander, seated in a boat and laughing. What looks like the sail of the boat from the front, turns out to be a kakemono scroll which he is holding up, precisely crafted and with the character of heaven ‘painted’ in the front; the roller ends are inlaid in green-stained ivory. The side of the boat is inlaid with mother of pearl and horn and engraved with elaborate patterns. The underside with small himotoshi and the signature incised on a red-lacquer tablet KUSAN – a student of Gyokuzan from the Tokyo school. HEIGHT 4.1 CM Condition: The oar in front of the kakemono is chipped, otherwise good condition Provenance: British private collection Literature comparison: A very similar netsuke by Gyokuzan is illustrated in The Meinertzhagen Card Index on Netsuke in the Archives of the British Museum Part A, Frederick Meinertzhagen (edited by George Lazarnick), New York, 1986, page 112. Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

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65 A SO SCHOOL IVORY NETSUKE OF A MAN SMOKING A PIPE BY SOSAI By Sosai, ivory netsuke with lacquer Japan, Tokyo, early 20th century, Meiji period (1868-1912) A particularly precise work with great attention to detail depicting an older man, walking and smoking a pipe with a long stem and a small bowl. In the other hand he is holding a tobacco pouch, a kiseruzutsu and a netsuke, and carrying a pair of scissors in his belt on the back. These tiny objects are perfectly captured; the tobacco pouch with wrinkles and a clasp, the man’s netsuke carved in the shape of a chrysanthemum blossom. Headpiece and trousers with black lacquer, uniquely small himotoshi, the signature on the small red plate probably reads SOSAI, a master from the So school in Tokyo. HEIGHT 5.8 CM Condition: The hand holding the pipe and the pipe have been restored, otherwise good condition Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 147 Literature comparison: Compare to a similar piece illustrated in Netsuke Familiar & Unfamiliar by Raymond Bushell (1975), no. 375 Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

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66 A FINE TOKYO SCHOOL EBONY AND IVORY NETSUKE OF HOTEI BY TOYOSAI By Toyosai, ebony wood and ivory netsuke Japan, Tokyo, Meiji period (1868 – 1912) The lucky god Hotei is standing bald and with a naked belly, holding a fan and a magic tama pearl. His robes are made from dark ebony wood with fine engraved decorations, and his body as well as the obi, which is tied into a bowtie in the front, is made from ivory. The himotoshi are designed ingeniously – one ringed in ivory in the back and the other hidden in a removable foot, which is of a slightly different color than the other one. The signature on the underside reading TOYOSAI. Possibly a student of Tomochika from Tokyo.

67 A RARE TOKYO SCHOOL EBONY AND IVORY NETSUKE OF ONI NEMBUTSU BY SADAYUKI By Sadayuki, ebony wood and ivory netsuke Japan, Tokyo, Meiji period (1868-1912)

68 AN UNUSUAL WOOD AND IVORY NETSUKE OF A DRUNKEN ONI BY HOMIN By Homin, wood and ivory netsuke Japan, Edo/Tokyo, mid to late 19th century

A very unusual and rare netsuke depicting Oni Nembutsu made from ebony wood with details in ivory. The repentant oni, who has converted to Buddhism, is holding a mallet in one hand and a subscription list in the other. He has grown long hair to hide his horns, however they have grown larger and are visible at the top of his absurdly large and flaming hair. He has a fierce and demonic expression with deep-black inlaid eyes of horn. Himotoshi through the back and signature SADAYUKI.

An unusual netsuke depicting an oni with a child-like face with large eyes and wideopened, smiling mouth. His robes are made from wood and elaborately worked with engraved patterns and his movable inset head is made from ivory. His three-clawed hands, as well as the sake bottle and cup which he holds are further inlaid in ivory. An amusing composition, as the oni visibly anticipates a healthy drink of sake. Good and irregular himotoshi through the back and the signature HOMIN on the underside. Homin was a student of Meikeisai Hojitsu.

HEIGHT 6.6 CM HEIGHT 4.3 CM

HEIGHT 5 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: Austrian private collection Estimate EUR 1.200,Starting price EUR 600,-

Condition: Very good condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

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ANIMALS OF THE JAPANESE ZODIAC

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RAT / NEZUMI

69 A LARGE WOOD NETSUKE OF A COILED RAT BY MASANAO By Masanao, wood netsuke Japan, Ise-Yamada, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

70 A FINE WOOD NETSUKE OF A COILED RAT BY MASANAO By Masanao, wood netsuke Japan, Ise-Yamada, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

A rather large wood netsuke of rat tightly coiled up into a ball. A genius design when considering the functionality as a netsuke, but also the uniqueness of the depiction. This model is believed to originate from the Masanao family of Ise-Yamada and was executed in different variations and sizes across members of the school/family. The fur of the rat is precisely incised, and it is holding one paw to its face, one is holding its tail which extends all the way to the back and another is scratching its ear. The bony fingers of the paws are carved with great detail, giving an eerie appearance. The large beady eyes are inlaid in black horn. Natural himotoshi through one of the legs and signed at the back in a polished reserve MASANAO.

The same model as previous no. 69, however considerably smaller in size and with a more adorable expression. The fur of the rat is precisely incised, and it is holding one paw to its face, one is holding its very well carved tail which extends all the way to the back and another is scratching its ear. The eyes are inlaid in black horn. Natural himotoshi through one of the legs and signed at the back in a polished reserve MASANAO.

HEIGHT 4.5 CM

Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-

Condition: Minor crack and minor restoration near the midsection of the tail, otherwise good condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London gentleman Auction comparison: For another rat by Masanao of a similar size see Bonhams, Fine Japanese Art, London, 17 May 2018, lot 116. Estimate EUR 2.500,Starting price EUR 1.250,-

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HEIGHT 3.5 CM Condition: Very good condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London gentleman


71 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF A RAT ON A LARGE CHESTNUT Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, probably Kyoto, early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) An ideally-shaped ivory netsuke of a rat lying on top of an overexaggeratedly large chestnut. The ribbed texture of the chestnut is well pronounced, as is the top section with its stippled surface. The rat’s eyes are inlaid in black horn, himotoshi in the reverse and the ivory with a very good honey patina. HEIGHT 2.5 CM, LENGTH 4.6 CM Condition: Very good condition, with expected age cracks Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

72 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF MANY RATS IN AN AWABI SHELL BY MASAMITSU By Masamitsu, ivory netsuke Japan, late 19th century, Meiji period (1868-1912) A classic model from the carver Masamitsu who became famous for his compact studies of animal groups. This ivory netsuke depicts roughly thirty rats bunched together on top of an awabi (abalone) shell, clambering on top of each other or fighting. All of their eyes are inlaid in dark horn and the surface is beautifully stained. The underside is beautifully carved as well, with the surface of the awabi and the characteristic rows of circular openings achieved naturalistically. There are more rats on the underside as well, one even lurks in one of the himotoshi, biting at the tail of another rat which is scurrying away to join the pack at the top. Signature MASAMITSU in a rounded reserve. LENGTH 5.3 CM Condition: Unusually good condition, as these models are fragile and almost always missing inlaid eyes, or other pieces – however only one eye of the rat located in the himotoshi is lost, otherwise very good condition Provenance: British private collection stored in a bank vault for 40 years Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

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73 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF A RAT ON A DRIED SALMON HEAD Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) An ivory netsuke of a rat on a dried salmon head. The finely carved rat, with inlaid eyes, has crawled up to the mouth of the salmon, which shows sharp and dangerous rows of teeth, though it is harmless now. The scales of the fish are achieved very well, and little holes are added by the carver to simulate the desiccation process. The ivory of a very good color with fine stain. Cleverly placed himotoshi through the side and underside. LENGTH 4.6 CM Condition: One of the large teeth in the front has been chipped, otherwise good condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

74 A FINE IVORY NETSUKE OF A RAT ON A DESSICATED FISH BY ANRAKU By Anraku, ivory netsuke Japan, Osaka, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A very fine model of a little rat (nezumi) on top of a large desiccated fish by the rare Osaka school artist Anraku. The fish is cut near the head, and the septums and vertebrae are visible on the side. The staining and finish of the carving are very fine, as is usual for Anraku and Osaka-school netsuke. The scales are neatly incised, and surface of the head is arduously stippled. The fish has a its mouth slightly opened, with visible rows of teeth and the eyes are inlaid with dark horn. A charming and smooth little rat, with tiny eyes inlaid in black horn, is seated on top of the fish and is looking backwards – perhaps somebody else has noticed its delicious meal. Himotoshi on the underside and signature in a rounded double reserve reading ANRAKU. LENGTH 6 CM Condition: Very good condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

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75 A FINE IVORY NETSUKE OF A RAT WITH CANDLE BY YAMAGUCHI OKATOMO By Okatomo, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) Published: Illustrated in F Storno, Le Netzké Errant, fig.19 The seated rat is holding a candle, the wick inlaid in dark horn, between its front paws. Its head is slightly lowered, and mouth opened to nibble on the candle. The details are rendered incredibly naturalistic and the rat has a lively and satisfied expression, even though it is eating a candle, which is probably not the most nutritious food. Natural himotoshi through the tail which curls around to the other side and signature in square reserve reading OKATOMO. HEIGHT 2.6 CM, LENGTH 4.3 CM Condition: Good condition, the ivory slightly worn with several age cracks, a notable one through the tail Provenance: A European private collection, formerly from the collection of François Storno, sold at Christie’s London 16th May 2007, lot 239. Literature comparison: Compare to a similar rat in The Meinertzhagen Card Index on Netsuke in the Archives of the British Museum Part B, Frederick Meinertzhagen (edited by George Lazarnick), New York, 1986, page 619. Estimate EUR 2.500,Starting price EUR 1.250,-

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76 AN EXCELLENT IVORY NETSUKE OF A RAT WITH BAMBOO NODE BY SADAYOSHI By Sadayoshi, ivory netsuke Japan, Osaka, early to mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A fine and naturalistic ivory netsuke of recumbent rat with its tail curling around and up its back. The rat or nezumi has a pointed snout, large inlaid eyes of black horn and attentively curved ears. The hairwork is incised masterfully and characteristically worn. The rat is holding a node of bamboo between three of its paws, which it fiercely claims for itself. The underside with himotoshi and signature in a rectangular reserve SADAYOSHI. The artist is known for his naturalistic and bold carvings of animals. HEIGHT 2.2 CM, LENGTH 4.6 CM Condition: Good condition, very appealing patina on the underside, one small crack to the tail and a very minute old chip to the edge of one ear Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 31 Literature comparison: Compare to a similar netsuke of two rats by Sadayoshi illustrated in International Netsuke Society Journal, 24/3, page 11 Estimate EUR 2.500,Starting price EUR 1.250,-

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77 A POWERFUL KYOTO SCHOOL IVORY NETSUKE OF A RAT WITH A BEAN POD Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A powerful depiction of a rat executed in distinct Kyoto style, with large bulging eyes inlaid in black horn. A smooth bean pod is carved between its body and its tail, with the latter curling around and grasped in the rat’s right hand, while placing its other hand near the mouth. The composition is achieved very naturalistically, with some parallels to be drawn to the rats of the great Masanao from Kyoto. The ears are carved precisely, as is the fur coat. Himotoshi in the reverse. HEIGHT 3.9 CM Condition: A section of the tail in the front has been restored very well, otherwise good condition, with a very good patina and a few expected age cracks Provenance: British private collection Auction comparison: A similar Kyoto school ivory rat was sold at Bonhams, Fine Japanese Works of Art, New York, 20 March 2012, lot 2110. Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-

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OX / USHI

78 AN EXCELLENT IVORY NETSUKE OF A RECUMBENT OX BY TOMOTADA By Tomotada, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A large and bulky model of an ox by the famous Kyoto artist Tomotada. The composition is incredibly naturalistic, the arched backbone of the ox is well expressed and the hairwork is masterfully incised. The ox has a rope tied to its nose ring which passes over the large horns and all the way over its back. The glaring eyes are inlaid in dark-reddish horn. The underside equally well-carved and with two large himotoshi and signature TOMOTADA in a rectangular reserve. The patina is excellent and worn in all the right places, especially the underside is particularly appealing with a honey patina. HEIGHT 3 CM, LENGTH 6.3 CM Condition: Very good condition, expected age cracks Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 79 Estimate EUR 2.500,Starting price EUR 1.250,-

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80 A RARE WOOD NETSUKE OF A RECUMBENT OX SIGNED TOMOTADA Signed Tomotada, wood netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) An expressively carved work with great attention to detail, exemplified by the head, ribs, rope and dynamic fur pattern. The pupils are inlaid in dark horn and the ox is stretching it’s tongue out with a curious expression. The underside shows the ox’s genitals, a lively composition of the legs, the himotoshi and the signature TOMOTADA within a rectangular reserve on one of the legs.

79 A FINE IVORY NETSUKE OF A RECUMBENT OX AFTER TOMOTADA After Tomotada, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A slightly different example of a recumbent ox signed Tomotada, because the ivory is left unstained, reminding more of the works of the Osaka master Kaigyokusai Masatsugu. The hairwork is very finely incised and the beady eyes are inlaid with two large pieces of dark-red horn. The underside with an attractive yellow patina with beautifully carved legs, himotoshi and signature TOMOTADA on the right haunch in a rounded reserve. LENGTH 5.7 CM

Tomotada Izumiyaha from Kyoto was known for powerful ox netsuke and was already mentioned in the Soken Kisho of 1781 but had many students and imitators as his works became quite famous. This work comes from one of the latter, however, is quite rare since they were usually made from ivory. The ox is one of the twelve signs of the Japanese zodiac. Powerful, dark coloration of the reddish wood. LENGTH 6 CM Condition: Good condition, a circular imprint near the rope Provenance: Austrian private estate, acquired at Galerie Zacke in the 1990s Estimate EUR 900,Starting price EUR 450,-

Condition: Good condition, minor cracks Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

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TIGER / TORA

81 A WOOD NETSUKE OF A TIGER Unsigned, wood netsuke Japan, early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) Though a quite simple netsuke, the tiger comes across incredibly powerful. The eyes are enigmatically inlaid in pale translucent horn and the tiger opens its mouth, baring its teeth, as if it was about to let out a menacing growl. The hairwork is sparsely incised and the tail is curling up the side of the tiger. The wood has a very good color and a fine patina, showing wear in all the right places. Natural himotoshi between the legs. HEIGHT 3.8 CM Condition: Fine and very good condition, excellent patina Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 1.200,Starting price EUR 600,-

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82 A GOOD KYOTO SCHOOL IVORY NETSUKE OF A TIGER Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A compact ivory netsuke of a tiger, with its head tilted backwards and left hindleg raised, capturing the moment before the tiger scratches himself. The bold and expressive eyebrows, the manner of fur coat, as well as the individual charm and expression of the piece allow for an attribution to the Okatomo school. The tiger, or tora, is the third animal of the zodiac and a symbol of resilience and strength. Good himotoshi on the underside; unsigned. HEIGHT 4.1 CM Condition: Good condition, minor expected age cracks, very good patina Provenance: European private collection Estimate EUR 3.000,Starting price EUR 1.500,-

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83 AN EXCEPTIONAL AND RARE IVORY NETSUKE OF A SNARLING TIGER BY DORAKU By Doraku, ivory netsuke Japan, Osaka, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A very unusual model of a tiger, completely unique in its style, and more of an abstract representation of a tiger than a naturalistic one. The tiger has its head turned back with its eyes and mouth wide open, baring fangs. It has small ears, a reishi mushroom nose and characteristic vertical pupils. The image of the tiger is quite grotesque, especially with its thick and unusual neck which extends to the back, but its expression is nonetheless powerful. The tiger is the third animal of the zodiac and a symbol of resilience and strength. The underside with expressively carved thick and large paws and the signature DORAKU (the artist is also known as Dorakusai) in a rounded reserve on the inside of one of the legs. Good and irregular himotoshi to the side and by the belly. The fur coat is executed finely, inked and worn in some areas, and the characteristic spots of a tiger’s fur coat are visible. The tiger is not native to Japan and netsuke artists had to mostly rely on paintings or hearsay without ever seeing a real tiger themselves. However, the fur coats of tigers were imported from China, therefore the patterns on the fur were often correctly expressed in netsuke art; another good example for this are the tigers from Hakuryu (catalog no. 86) or Matsushita Otoman. HEIGHT 3.6 CM Condition: Good condition, one age crack through the mid-section and one through the tail good patina, characteristically worn in some areas Provenance: Austrian private collection Estimate EUR 4.000,Starting price EUR 2.000,-

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84 A FINE WOOD NETSUKE OF A TIGER BY TOMIN By Tomin, signed Minko, wood netsuke Japan, Tsu, Ise province, early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A similar model as the next no. 85, though there are subtle differences. The tiger is slightly smaller, as are the chubby paws, and the carving is more refined, stained darker and with a smoother polish, leading to the assumption that this carving is by the famed student of Minko – Tomin. Tomin was known for slightly more detailed and smaller carvings, though strictly adhering to the rules of the Tsu school, they were imbued with original character, as is evident in this piece. The facial expression is incredibly vivid, and the eyes are inlaid in brass with dark horn pupils. The fur coat is well expressed, and the color of the wood is beautifully stained and finished. Signature MINKO with kao on one of the paws; natural himotoshi. An early work of Tomin as he did not yet sign with his own name. HEIGHT 2.9 CM, LENGTH 3.9 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: French private collection Estimate EUR 3.000,Starting price EUR 1.500,-

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85 A WOOD NETSUKE OF A TIGER BY TANAKA MINKO (1735 – 1816) By Minko, wood netsuke Japan, Tsu, Ise province, late 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A classic model of a tiger with chubby paws by Tanaka Minko (1735-1816), the founder of the important Tsu school and one of the few names mentioned in the Soken Kisho from 1781. The tiger has its head turned back, with large glaring eyes inlaid in mother of pearl, and a vividly snarling, and somewhat comedic and friendly expression. His tail curls up his back like a snake and his fur coat is expressed very well. The underside with the mentioned chubby paws, though in this example they are especially large. Signed MINKO with kao on one of the paws; natural himotoshi. HEIGHT 3 CM, LENGTH 4.1 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 30. Auction comparison: Compare to a similar model sold at Bonhams, Fine Japanese Art, London, 6 November 2014, lot 69. Estimate EUR 3.000,Starting price EUR 1.500,-

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86 AN EXCEPTIONAL IVORY NETSUKE OF A TIGER WITH CUB BY HAKURYU By Hakuryu, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A compact and remarkably intricate ivory netsuke of a large female tiger with its cub climbing down from its back. The mother’s body is muscular with pronounced shoulder bones, and her entire body is contorted into a circle, her tail swinging around to her front paws. The little cub which is climbing down her back is depicted in motion, one paw on the ground and the other sliding down her right leg, the shoulder bones equally well-pronounced and the minutely carved tail in a wavy line across the mother’s back. The fur coat is remarkable and very naturalistic in this piece with stained dark lines imitating the tiger’s fur pattern like wet running paint. Netsuke carvers knew their tiger fur very well, however the actual image of the tiger was often parodied or somewhat confused. As in this netsuke where the tiger’s body comes across all powerful, however the expression is comedic and rather docile. The eyes are inlaid in mother of pearl with the pupils far apart, red-tinted mouth and the mother tiger has its mouth opened with a snarling expression. The underside with well-carved clawed paws, natural himotoshi and the signature located in a double gourd shaped reserve HAKURYU (meaning literally hundred dragons). Hakuryu’s tigers are completely unique in their individuality, style and expression and matched only perhaps by the tigers by Matsushita Otoman. The existence of many imitations and copies of Hakuryu’s tiger(s) perhaps give this distinct type a bad reputation, however this netsuke is of superior quality and without a doubt by the great master himself, who is said to have originated from the Rantei school. HEIGHT 3 CM, LENGTH 4 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 121, with a remark ‘BEST’ Literature comparison: For a similar netsuke with three tigers see The Meinertzhagen Card Index on Netsuke in the Archives of the British Museum Part A, Frederick Meinertzhagen (edited by George Lazarnick), New York, 1986, page 120. Estimate EUR 4.000,Starting price EUR 2.000,-

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RABBIT / USAGI

87 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF A PIEBALD RABBIT BY RANICHI By Ranichi, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The style of this work makes it clear it was crafted by a student of Rantei in Kyoto, though comparisons can also be made to Ikko (see for example catalog no. 14 in our Netsuke Auction from 24th November 2018). The rabbit is carved in a sensitive manner, seated with its head looking down, the ears attached to the body and the eyes inlaid with lustrous black horn. The rabbit (usagi) is one of the twelve signs of the Japanese zodiac and also a popular motif as the moon rabbit. The fur is carved precisely and stained in some areas to simulate the piebald fur coat of the little rabbit. A very well-rounded composition, with natural himotoshi between the legs, which also show the signature RANICHI, a pupil of the wellknown Hogen Rantei, who showed individual character in his compositions, and made mainly carvings of animals. HEIGHT 2.6 CM Condition: Very good condition, some age cracks Provenance: British private collection Literature comparison: Compare to two similar rabbit netsuke by Ranichi in The Meinertzhagen Card Index on Netsuke in the Archives of the British Museum Part B, Frederick Meinertzhagen (edited by George Lazarnick), New York, 1986, page 635. Estimate EUR 1.200,Starting price EUR 600,-

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88 A CHARMING KAKI WOOD NETSUKE OF A RABBIT Unsigned, kaki wood netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

89 AN UNUSUAL AND AMUSING IVORY NETSUKE OF A RABBIT Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

The rabbit (usagi) is the fourth sign of the Japanese zodiac and known in this context simply as U. A calm netsuke, showing the rabbit in a seated position and with long ears attached to its body. One of its paws is raised as if greeting. The grain of the wood is a beautiful alternating black and brown, typical of yew wood. Himotoshi on the underside.

The rabbit with its elongated body, long ears, large inlaid eyes with eyelashes, broad smile and carrying a large leaf in its mouth seems like something out of a fairy tale. Himotoshi on the underside.

HEIGHT 3.5 CM Condition: Good condition, minor nicks and scratches to the surface of the wood Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 29

HEIGHT 3.3 CM, LENGTH 5.8 CM Condition: Both front legs chipped, one more than the other; few age cracks and minor imperfections to the material - otherwise good condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

Auction comparison: Compare to another hare from the same material offered at Bonhams, The Julius and Arlette Katchen Collection of Fine Netsuke Part III, London, 6 November 2018, lot 54. Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

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DRAGON / TATSU

90 A VERY RARE IVORY NETSUKE OF A DRAGON HATCHING FROM AN EGG BY ICHISHIDO MASAKAZU By Ichishido Masakazu, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, late 19th century, Meiji period (1868-1912) A parody of the netsuke motif of the chicken hatching from the egg, only in this case it is a fierce dragon (tatsu). The most popular netsuke motif of this variant is the tengu hatching from the egg known as ‘tengu no tomago’, however in this case it is ‘tatsu no tamago’. The idea of mythical beings hatching from eggs make for a very amusing and rare subject in netsuke art. The egg has several holes, with cracks emerging from them, from which the dragon’s head, with unusually long barbels, peaks out and through which its scaly body coils. Two further openings show sharp claws, one of them used as himotoshi, while in the other the dragon holds a magic pearl (tama). Signed MASAKAZU and ICHISHIDO beside the himotoshi. Pupils inlaid in dark horn. A rare and celebrated artist from the early Meiji period. WIDTH 3.4 CM Condition: Minor age cracks, a small section of the left barbel is missing - good condition Provenance: Austrian private collection Estimate EUR 2.500,Starting price EUR 1.250,-

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91 A KYOTO-SCHOOL IVORY NETSUKE OF A COILED DRAGON Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, late 18th to early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) An early and strong Kyoto-school ivory netsuke and shaped almost like a thick manju. The dragon forms a complete circle with his scaly body emanating flames and coiling around. He is holding a flaming zhu pearl in his claws next to his large and expressive head, with long whiskers. The eyes are inlaid with dark horn and the dragon looks bewildered, as if he was surprised at how well his serpentine body forms a circle, forming the ideal netsuke shape. Natural himotoshi. HEIGHT 2.5 CM, LENGTH 4.3 CM Condition: Very good condition with an excellent patina Provenance: European private collection Estimate EUR 3.000,Starting price EUR 1.500,-

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SNAKE / HEBI

92 A FINE AND RARE NETSUKE OF A COILED SNAKE BY BY TADATOMO By Tadatomo, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) An expressive netsuke of a snake, its body intertwined, and the scales expressively carved in a cross-etched pattern. Especially the belly scales are carved naturalistically in neatly arranged overlapping rows. The eyes are inlaid in dark horn. The underside with the signature TADATOMO in a rectangular reserve; natural himotoshi through several openings of the coiled, serpentine body of the snake. HEIGHT 2.8 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 3.000,Starting price EUR 1.500,-

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93 A RARE MARINE IVORY NETSUKE OF A COILED SNAKE BY RANTEI By Rantei, marine ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A compact and naturalistic study of a coiled snake, the bulging eyes double inlaid in dark and pale translucent horn, carved from a choice piece of marine ivory. Although the snake (hebi) is in the zodiac, as the sixth animal, it is relatively rare in netsuke art. The best examples are probably from Nagoya or Takayama and carved from wood, however the present example is from Kyoto, carved from a rare material and from the well-known artist Hogen Rantei. The snake’s serpentine body forms a knot, an ideal netsuke shape with natural himotoshi, and the composition of the body is true to nature – the scales are minutely carved, the tail section is very thin and fine, with the mid-section getting thicker and tapering towards the head. The snake has its ‘neck’ slightly raised, granting movement to the composition. The head is resting on its body and with the tongue greedily sticking out, probably fixing its eyes on some sort of prey. The signature RANTEI written in sosho can be found in a rounded reserve on the underside. HEIGHT 2.8 CM Condition: Excellent condition, minor imperfections in the material Provenance: Austrian private collection Literature comparison: Compare to another snake by Rantei in the Baur collection, Marie-Therese Coullery and Martin S. Newstead, Geneve, 1977, page 314, C 962. Estimate EUR 2.500,Starting price EUR 1.250,-

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HORSE / UMA

94 AN EXCELLENT AND RARE IVORY NETSUKE OF A RECUMBENT HORSE BY MITSUHIDE By Mitsuhide, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, late 18th – early 19th century, Edo period (1615-186) An ivory netsuke of a recumbent horse, its head turned backwards and with a friendly face, the eyes inlaid in dark horn. The carver is Mitsuhide, assumed to be a pupil of the famous Mitsuharu of Kyoto, and quoted by Meinertzhagen as ‘one of the best animal carvers of his time’. His works are scarce, but of a very high artistic quality, and invariably made from ivory and signed in a circular reserve. He is probably best known for his idiosyncratic carvings of monkeys, however though rare, he carved other animals with a similar power and expression such as this horse. The horse’s fur is masterfully carved and finished, as well as the bushy mane and tail. The underside with perfectly carved hooves and feet, with the first two feet crossing in front of the horse’s body. Excellent irregular and hollowed out himotoshi near the signature in an oval reserve MITSUHIDE. HEIGHT 2.7 CM, LENGTH 5 CM Condition: Good condition, minor crack near the larger himotoshi, and the two feet in the front are reattached Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Auction comparison: For a netsuke of a horse and groom by Mitsuhide, see Bonhams The Julius and Arlette Katchen Collection of Fine Netsuke Part I, London, 8 November 2016, lot 90. Literature comparison: Another netsuke of a horse by Mitsuhide is illustrated in The Meinertzhagen Card Index on Netsuke in the Archives of the British Museum Part A, Frederick Meinertzhagen (edited by George Lazarnick), New York, 1986, page 533. Estimate EUR 4.000,Starting price EUR 2.000,-

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95 A FINE WOOD NETSUKE OF A RECUMBENT HORSE Unsigned, wood netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A naturalistic model of a recumbent horse. The mane of the horse is carved with careful consideration and the long face is imbued with a lot of character, enhanced by the eyes inlaid in dark horn. The wood is of a very good color, accentuated, slightly stained and darkened in some areas. Good and irregular himotoshi on the underside. Unsigned but similar examples exist by Minkoku. LENGTH 5.3 CM Condition: One leg is restored, otherwise fine condition with excellent patina Provenance: European private collection Auction comparison: For a similar netsuke by Minkoku see Christie’s, The Raymond and Frances Bushell Collection of Netsuke, London, 27 October 1987, No. 71. Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

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96 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF TWO HORSES ON A BASE Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

97 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF FIVE STALLIONS BY SHOGETSU By Shogetsu, ivory netsuke Japan, mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

An ivory netsuke of two horses, one recumbent and the other grazing, on a base. The horse or uma is the seventh animal in the zodiac and a symbol of virility and endurance. Good patina and singular himotoshi through the base.

The artist, who specialized in depicting animals, created lifelike, moving horses – lying, jumping and on top of each other – a difficult feat considering the size of this work. The composition is cleverly arranged. The horse (uma) is one of the twelve signs of Japanese zodiac and depictions of several horses are reminiscent of the popular theme of the horses of King Mu of Zhou, who reigned in China during the 10th century BC. Signed SHOGETSU on a small plate on the underside.

HEIGHT 3.1 CM Condition: Good condition with spots of honey patina, minor surface scratches to the base and small age cracks Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 174 Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

WIDTH 5.2 CM Condition: Very good condition, expected wear with few very minor, tiny cracks Provenance: British private collection Literature comparison: Compare to a netsuke of a zodiac group by Shogetsu illustrated in The Meinertzhagen Card Index on Netsuke in the Archives of the British Museum Part B, Frederick Meinertzhagen (edited by George Lazarnick), New York, 1986, page 740. Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

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98 A SHIBAYAMA STYLE INLAID IVORY NETSUKE OF A CAPARISONED HORSE BY KAZUAKI By Kazuaki, ivory netsuke with shibayama style inlays Japan, Tokyo, Meiji period (1868-1912)

99 AN UNUSUAL WOOD NETSUKE OF A HORSE IN A WINDOW Unsigned, wood netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

An incredibly detailed and fine netsuke depicting a caparisoned horse (uma) with rich inlays of silver, horn and mother of pearl. The horse wears a saddle with attached stirrups and saddlecloth adorned with floral decorations, and the mane is minutely carved in openwork. The entire composition is set on a base with central rimmed himotoshi and inset signature on a mother of pearl plaque KAZUAKI. Most likely a student of Yasuaki of the Tokyo school.

An unusual netsuke in the form of a caparisoned horse fully captured in motion inside a window-like structure. The underside of the horse with a mitsudomo-e symbol and the small himotoshi on the back of the animal. The wood bearing a fine patina. HEIGHT 3.5 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection

HEIGHT 3.6 CM Condition: One of the ears is chipped and minor losses to inlay. Generally, in good condition when considering the vast amount of inlay Provenance: British private collection

Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

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SHEEP / HITSUJI

100 A FINE IVORY NETSUKE OF GROUP OF GOATS AFTER KAIGYOKUSAI MASATSUGU (1813-1892) Unsigned after Kaigyokusai, ivory netsuke Japan, Osaka or Tokyo, mid to late 19th century A large recumbent goat with two young goats. The heads are finely carved, the mother goat is proud and lively in a subtle manner, all eyes inlaid with black horn. The composition is full of movement with both young goats in different attitudes – one on her back and the other just in front of the mother, nestled up to her and the head tilted upwards, the curvature of the body being fully expressed. The choice piece of ivory is left unstained and is beautifully polished, characteristic for the artist. The sheep or goat (hitsuji) is one of the twelve signs of the Japanese zodiac. The underside with bed of leaves, one extending up over the right hindleg of the mother goat. Small himotoshi and signature in a semi-polished reserve on the underside, reading KAIGYOKUSAI for Kaigyokusai Masatsugu (1813-1892), arguably the greatest netsuke carver of the 19th century, though this work was most likely made by a very talented pupil, possibly even in Tokyo, where he (or one of his students) established a school in the late 19th century. LENGTH 4.5 CM Condition: Very good condition with very minor discoloration in some areas to the ivory Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-

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101 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF A RECUMBENT GOAT ATTRIBUTED TO RANMEI Unsigned, attributed to Ranmei, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The goat’s head is carved in a lively manner, its head raised upwards and the horns curved backwards, the eyes double inlaid in dark and pale translucent horn. The fur is densely carved and true to nature. The goat is called yagi, literally “mountain goat”, but known in the zodiac as hitsuji and is the eighth animal of the zodiac. This carving is from a member of the famous Rantei school in Kyoto and most likely by Ranmei. Himotoshi on the underside. HEIGHT 2.7 CM, LENGTH 3.3 CM Condition: A tiny chip on one of the hooves, and a minor imperfection to one eye, generally in very good condition Provenance: Austrian private estate, formerly acquired at Galerie Zacke in the 1990s Auction comparison: For a very similar example of a Goat with its young signed Ranmei, see Bonhams, Japanese Pictures and Prints and Other Asian Works of Art, London, 19 September 2006, lot 443. Estimate EUR 1.200,Starting price EUR 600,-

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102 A FINE WOOD NETSUKE OF A GOAT BY KOKEI By Kokei, wood netsuke Japan, Kuwana, Ise province, early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) Kokei is assumed to be have been a pupil of Minko, however became independent and was a prolific worker, his work showing even affinities to the Nagoya school or Masanao from Ise-Yamada, compare for example the treatment of the fur in our next catalog no. 103. It is easy to see why he became independent, as he possessed considerable carving ability and managed to portray a sense of superior naturalism in his work, without losing any individuality. His goats are probably his most recognizable work, as any connoisseur of netsuke art, if the quality is right (as in the present piece), will immediately identify it as Kokei. The fur is carved masterfully, creating a three-dimensional effect, as are the horns, the swinging tail and the characteristic chin beard. Turning the netsuke reveals the legs and hooves, which have a delightful dark patina, and are as the rest of the piece carved crisply. Natural himotoshi and the signature located in a polished reserve KOKEI. HEIGHT 2.9 CM, LENGTH 4.5 CM Condition: Excellent condition, beautiful patina Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 163 Auction comparison: For a similar goat by Kokei see Bonhams, The Harriet Szechenyi Sale of Japanese Art, London, 8 November 2011, lot 143. Estimate EUR 3.000,Starting price EUR 1.500,-

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103 A WOOD NETSUKE OF A GOAT BY MASANAO By Masanao, wood netsuke Japan, Ise-Yamada, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A similarly executed goat to previous no. 102, however less naturalistic and with a very individual character. Masanao, not be confused with the great Masanao of Kyoto, is a name associated with a family of carvers from the little town of Ise, incidentally not too far away from Tsu, as it is believed that the first Masanao may have been a pupil of Minko (which could explain the connection to Kokei). The goat’s fur is carved with a great sense of detail and naturalism. It lifts its head up high and produces a gentle smile, the eyes inlaid in dark horn. The underside with exceptionally carved legs and hooves and with the signature in a polished reserve MASANAO. HEIGHT 3.5 CM Condition: Very good condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Auction comparison: For another goat by Masanao see Bonhams, The Julius and Arlette Katchen Collection of Fine Netsuke Part III, London, 6 November 2018, lot 77. Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-

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MONKEY / SARU

104 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF MONKEYS AND RATS BY GYOKUMIN By Gyokumin, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) Two monkeys (saru) playing with four rats. Both animals are signs of the Japanese zodiac, the rat (nezumi) is abbreviated to Ne and is the first sign because it cheekily jumped over the ox. The monkeys have very finely and densely carved fur, rather bulky bodies the scrambling rats are very small and carved in a lively manner, their thin long tails are quite amusing. Natural himotoshi through the monkeys’ legs. The signature GYOKUMIN on a small outlined rectangular plate. Compare to the netsuke no. 106 in this catalog by Seigyoku. WIDTH 4.9 CM Condition: Generally, in good condition, one of the monkeys with one arm with a larger crack Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 1.200,Starting price EUR 600,-

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105 AN AMUSING IVORY NETSUKE OF TWO ACROBATIC MONKEYS IN A CHESTNUT BY TAMEKAZU By Tamekazu, ivory netsuke Japan, Meiji period (1868-1912)

106 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF A MONKEY TEACHING HIS YOUNG BY SEIGYOKU By Seigyoku, ivory netsuke Japan, late 19th century, Meiji period (1868-1912)

The chestnut is naturalistically carved with the stippled surface on the base and the ribbed texture around the upper section. The front section of the chestnut is well hollowed out, with a little monkey upside down, being pulled up by another monkey which sits on top of the fruit, one leg trailing as it struggles to pull its companion out of the chestnut. The monkey, also known as saru, is the ninth animal in the zodiac and a well-loved netsuke theme. Often, they are depicted eating their favorite fruits such as chestnuts or biwa, however another popular theme which has developed is the monkey emerging from the chestnut – this netsuke shows this motif with an inspired and humorous twist. Signed in a polished reserve TAMEKAZU next to two irregular and ribbed himotoshi.

A beautifully carved study of a father monkey holding down a sparrow and showing his offspring how to kill it. The young monkey looks on enthusiastically and is holding another smaller sparrow by the wing. Sensitive details in the facial expressions and overall a very charming netsuke. Natural himotoshi and signature SEIGYOKU on the underside. Compare also to the netsuke by Gyokumin no. 104 in this catalog. HEIGHT 3.2 CM Condition: Very good condition, fine patina, minor areas of discoloration Provenance: European private collection

HEIGHT 4.4 CM Condition: Very good condition Provenance: French private collection, old label to the base

Auction comparison: A similar netsuke as sold at Bonhams, Fine Japanese Art including two masterpieces by Kitaoji Rosanjin (1883-1959), London, 7 November 2013, lot 43.

Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

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107 A FINE NETSUKE OF THREE MONKEYS WITH A PEACH, SCHOOL OF OHARA MITSUHIRO (1810-1875) Signed Mitsuhiro, ivory netsuke Japan, Osaka, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) An unusual subject for the artist, however when considering the quality of the carving and the staining, this netsuke is on par with some of the finest netsuke produced by the Osaka school. Depicted is a large male monkey, hiding a fruiting peach branch behind his back, while one young monkey climbs over his back, with one hand on the very large peach. The other monkey is restrained by the father monkey, trying to break free and follow his brother. An incredibly lively scene, all six eyes are inlaid in dark horn, and the expressions are characterful, reminding of the carvings of monkeys by Mitsuhide or Masachika. Worn signature MITSUHIRO in a rectangular reserve located on the peach – the carving probably from one of the pupils of Ohara Mitsuhiro (1810-1875). HEIGHT 4.1 CM Condition: Good condition; very good and appealing patina with some wear, minor expected age cracks and the signature worn Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, probably inventory no. 97 Estimate EUR 4.000,Starting price EUR 2.000,-

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108 AN UNUSUAL WOOD NETSUKE OF A BLIND MONKEY FIGHTING ANOTHER MONKEY BY MASACHIKA By Masachika, wood netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A very unusual and compact composition of a large blind male monkey holding a peach, one of the eyes inlaid in ivory and the other in horn. A smaller male monkey, aware of the other monkey’s disadvantage, is kneeling below him and trying to steal the peach he is holding. The expression of the larger monkey is brilliantly captured as he realizes the attempted robbery and grabs the other monkey by the fur at the back, the differently inlaid eyes give him a crazed look. The smaller monkey’s eyes are inlaid in translucent horn and he has a mischievous expression. Very good treatment of the fur and the underside equally well carved with natural himotoshi and signature in a polished reserve MASACHIKA. The artist carved invariably monkeys and according to the scholar F. M. Jonas, Masachika was the adopted son and successor of Kaigyokusai Masatsugu and the father of Kaigyokudo Masateru. HEIGHT 3.8 CM, LENGTH 4.5 CM Condition: Very good condition, the wood slightly worn in some areas Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 137 Auction comparison: For a netsuke of a comparable netsuke by Masachika see Christie’s, Japanese and Korean Art, New York, 21 September 2006, lot 294 Literature comparison: A very similar or the same netsuke illustrated with a line drawing in The Meinertzhagen Card Index on Netsuke in the Archives of the British Museum Part A, Frederick Meinertzhagen (edited by George Lazarnick), New York, 1986, page 408. Estimate EUR 3.000,Starting price EUR 1.500,-

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109 AN EXCELLENT WOOD NETSUKE OF A MONKEY EATING BERRIES BY KANO TOMOKAZU By Tomokazu, wood netsuke Japan, Gifu, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The monkey is the ninth sign of the Japanese zodiac and used to be considered to dispel ill will, ease births and be a messenger to the gods. This masterfully carved netsuke with fine fur pattern shows him putting berries in his mouth with great relish. He is holding the berry bush between his chest and his arms and the beautiful and crisply carved leaves and berries emerge between his legs and under his arms. The monkey is male, with expressed genitals that look eerily similar to the berries, and has eyes inlaid with pale translucent horn, the red-brown wood is stained black. Natural himotoshi between the legs, signed TOMOKAZU within an outlined reserve on one of the thighs. Kano Tomokazu from Gifu is regarded as one of the greatest animal netsuke carvers of all time and was said to have studied the animals very closely and sometimes took one or two months to finish a carving. HEIGHT 2.9, LENGTH 4 CM Condition: One ear has a small restoration only visible under UV light otherwise very good condition Provenance: German private collection Auction comparison: For a similar netsuke by Kano Tomokazu of a monkey eating berries see Bonhams, Fine Japanese Art, London, 10 November 2016, lot 296. Literature comparison: A very similar work, titled “monkey eating berries” is pictured in Netsuke & Inro Artists and how to read their signatures’ by George Lazarnick, 1981, page 1154. Estimate EUR 3.000,Starting price EUR 1.500,-

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110 AN EXCELLENT IVORY NETSUKE OF A MONKEY EATING A PEACH BY RANTEI By Rantei, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The monkey is holding a peach, the branch visible on the underside, between his left arm and right leg and is taking a healthy bite, while scratching himself with his other hand. The netsuke perfectly embodies the visible satisfaction of the monkey. Hogen Rantei became famous for his incredibly detailed and naturalistic representations of animals. He was a master of hairwork, Lazarnick even compares his hairwork to that of Kaigyokusai, a comparison which is especially evident in this piece. But what really distinguished him, which can be seen in some of his best netsuke, are little details which make the depiction come to life – like the monkey biting into the fruit producing tiny wrinkles on one side of the mouth, as he bites slightly lopsided into it. The eyes are inlaid in deep black horn, producing a wild expression, and the very typical signature can be found in a rounded reserve in sosho script RANTEI. Natural himotoshi through the legs. HEIGHT 2.8 CM Condition: Very good condition, expected age cracks Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 149 Auction comparison: A similar model of a monkey and mushroom by Rantei sold at Bonhams, Fine Japanese Works of Art, 13 September 2011, lot 2043. Literature comparison: A similar netsuke of a monkey by rantei eating a persimmon is reproduced in Zacke, Japanische Netsuke – Austellung 1990, Vienna, no. 62 Estimate EUR 3.000,Starting price EUR 1.500,-

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112 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF A MONKEY WITH KAKI FRUIT BY MASATAMI By Masatami, ivory netsuke Japan, Tokyo, late 19th century, Meiji period (1868-1912) 111 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF A MONKEY TRAPPING AN OCTOPUS BY MASATAMI By Masatami, ivory netsuke Japan, Tokyo, late 19th century, Meiji period (1868-1912) This netsuke references a legend in which the octopus-physician to Ryujin, the Dragon King of the Sea, prescribes a monkey’s liver to heal the King’s daughter. The octopus was sent to overpower a monkey, however in this netsuke the monkey has outwitted the octopus (tako) and trapped him under a mortar. The octopus is visibly annoyed by this, as the monkey pulls on one of his tentacles. The head of the tako is very well-crafted with large inlaid eyes. The monkey, with fine fur and inlaid eyes is carved in the characteristic style of the artist, whose signature is found behind the monkey on the mortar, MASATAMI. HEIGHT 2.5 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 100 Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

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Masatami was an expert in depicting monkeys, see for example the previous no. 111 in this catalog for another fine carving by the artist. In this netsuke the monkey is shown screaming, with sensitive facial features, executed in the unmistakable style of the artist. He is holding a long and thin branch draped over his back with a leaf and a smooth kaki fruit at the end. The monkey (saru) is one of the signs of the Japanese zodiac. Dense, finely carved and partially stained fur, very well-rounded composition, with natural himotoshi and signed on one leg on the underside MASATAMI. HEIGHT 3 CM Condition: Very good condition Provenance: French private collection   Estimate EUR 1.200,Starting price EUR 600,-


113 A RARE IVORY NETSUKE OF TWO GROOMING MONKEYS BY MASANAO OF KYOTO By Masanao, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, late 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A very fine ivory netsuke depicting a large male monkey picking fleas off a smaller monkey, which is lying on its stomach, lying straightened out, and visibly enjoying his grooming. Their feets are touching and the overall composition of their bodies is very amusing. The work is very well detailed, the treatment of the fur is masterful, but what stands out are the sensitive and humorous expressions of the monkeys – a characteristic trait for the artist. A genuine netsuke by the great Masanao of Kyoto, though not his most outstanding work, however the facial expressions, composition and manner of carving without a doubt coherent with his style. Natural himotoshi, very good patina and signature in an oval reserve MASANAO. HEIGHT 3.3 CM, LENGTH 4.1 CM Condition: Considerable wear and age cracks, the two hands of the smaller monkey have been restored and one hand and the tail of the larger monkey is reattached (please consult further images for more details), one or more eyes are replaced Provenance: British private collection Literature comparison: A similar netsuke of a monkey by Masanao is illustrated in The Meinertzhagen Card Index on Netsuke in the Archives of the British Museum Part A, Frederick Meinertzhagen (edited by George Lazarnick), New York, 1986, page 440. Another similar netsuke with the same depiction by Masanao is in the Atchley collection. Estimate EUR 3.000,Starting price EUR 1.500,-

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114 A FINE IVORY NETSUKE OF A MONKEY CARRYING A LARGE MUSHROOM Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The seated monkey is carrying a large shimeji mushroom on his back, the radial gills well expressed and with a smooth cap with a beautiful honey patina. A very similar depiction to the next no. 115, however even though the monkey is considerably larger, he is having a much harder time carrying his large mushroom, even using both hands as he is visibly exhausted and drawing for air with his mouth opened. His exhaustion is so great that he is contracting his toes, trying to lift the slipping mushroom. Perhaps this monkey can learn something from the other one. The eyes inlaid in pale translucent horn and the himotoshi in the smooth mushroom cap. HEIGHT 3.7 CM Condition: Very good condition, minor imperfection to one eye, and a gorgeous patina Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman  Estimate EUR 1.200,Starting price EUR 600,-

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115 AN AMUSING IVORY NETSUKE OF A SMALL MONKEY CARRYING A LARGE MUSHROOM Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A humorous depiction with precisely executed details. A gigantic shimeji mushroom with a smooth top and deeply incised radial gills as well the characteristic bulbous stem. A small monkey, not even half the mushroom cap’s size is carrying it– apparently, he has developed a taste for it, as he seems very happy with his find, as he is running off, not overwhelmed by the size and weight at all. Large and good himotoshi in the recessed smooth top of the cap. HEIGHT 5.5 CM Condition: Excellent condition, good patina Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

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116 A RARE AND EARLY IVORY NETSUKE OF TWO MONKEYS Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A well-loved and early piece with significant amount of wear and a beautiful patina. Depicted is a large male monkey with a smaller monkey resting on his thigh. The larger monkey is looking upwards, with many wrinkles in his face and bulging eyes, while the younger monkey is depicted sensitively with closed eyes and sleeping, producing an interesting contrast. The father rests one hand on the young monkey’s back, which visually calms him, and uses the other to scratch his back. Good and well-hidden himotoshi through the side and the belly. HEIGHT 4.8 CM Condition: An old chip to the larger monkey’s foot, many expected age cracks, beautiful patina with some honey colored areas Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 99 Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

88


117 A FINE AND RARE IVORY NETSUKE OF THE SANBIKI SARU Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, late 18th to early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) An ivory netsuke of the three wise monkeys, also known as sanbiki saru, shown here as a large monkey with two of its young. The larger monkey is holding the mouth of the young monkey on his shoulder and the eyes of the other child to his left. In return, they are holding his ears, thus completing the representation of the three wise monkeys, which embody the proverbial principle of ‘speak no evil’, ‘hear no evil’ and ‘see no evil’. A charming and unusual netsuke with a beautiful patina and good, large himotoshi to the reverse. HEIGHT 6.6 CM Condition: Good condition, expected age cracks Provenance: British private collection stored in a bank vault for 40 years, collection no. 80 Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

89


ROOSTER ROOSTER// TORI 118 A GOOD KYOTO SCHOOL IVORY NETSUKE OF A COCKEREL ON A WAR DRUM Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, late 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A very good ivory netsuke depicting a cockerel on a war drum, the drum is incised with a powerful image of a dragon on both sides. A cockerel on a drum, a combination often seen in netsuke art (or other forms of Japanese art), is a symbol of peace and contentment, as legend says that a war drum was lying around for so long (during unusually peaceful times of the Edo period) that hens and roosters began to live in it. The rooster, with finely carved plumage, has a fierce expression, and lifts one leg, lending movement to the composition. Very good patina with honey spots in some areas. Himotoshi through the drum and the underside of the cockerel. HEIGHT 5.8 CM Condition: Excellent condition, beautiful patina Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 112 Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

90


119 A FINE NETSUKE OF A COCKEREL ON A DRUM BY KOJITSU (1790-1873) By Kojitsu, ivory netsuke with horn inlay Japan, Edo, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The cockerel (tori) or rooster is the tenth animal in the zodiac and a symbol of potency and power. In this netsuke the bird with masterfully carved and dense plumage, is standing proudly on the drum. Its head is raised, and the beautifully carved tail feathers form an elegant curve. The drum is smooth on the top and bottom, with a wood grain pattern engraved on the sides, as well as inlaid dark-red horn buttons arranged in two rows. The motif of the cockerel on drum signifies peace, since the drum represents a war drum which was lying around for so long that roosters and hens began to live in it. Large and irregular himotoshi on the underside next to the signature KOJITSU. Ikkosai Kojitsu was a pupil of Meikeisai Hojitsu of Edo/Tokyo. HEIGHT 4.8 CM Condition: Very good condition Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 41 Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-

91


DOG / INU

120 A CHARMING AND FINE NETSUKE OF A DOG WITH PUP BY TANETOSHI By Tanetoshi, ivory netsuke Japan, 20th century A masterfully animated group of finely crafted figures. The quality of this work is that of Kaigyokusai or Rantei. The dog is wearing a collar, its anatomy is executed very precisely, the costal arch, fine fur, dark inlaid eyes. Its tail is coiled, the younger dog is lying on its back between his front legs and is being held down by the father. Both expressions are charming, naturalistic and masterfully executed. Underneath the signature TANETOSHI with seal ć˜Ž. The artist is the son of Meigyokusai, a Japanese contemporary artist from the lineage of Gyokuzan. A very unusual piece since it shows wear and patina. HEIGHT 3.5 CM Condition: Very good condition, beautiful patina Provenance: Austrian private collection Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-

92


121 A FINE NETSUKE OF A PUPPY WITH AWABI BY YAMAGUCHI OKATOMO By Okatomo, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, late 18th to early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A very fine and sensitive study of a young and chubby pup resting his front paws on an awabi (abalone) shell. A classic model from Yamaguchi Okatomo, one of the greatest artists from Kyoto. The dog is carved very naturalistically, with neatly incised and inked fur, which has been worn over time. The expression of the puppy is achieved masterfully – a mixture of deep satisfaction with a hint of playfulness. The eyes are inlaid in reddish horn and the signature is located on one of the buttocks in a square reserve OKATOMO. Natural himotoshi. HEIGHT 3.3 CM Condition: Very good condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Auction comparison: Compare to another model of a puppy with Awabi by Okatomo sold at Christie’s, Japanese Art and Design, London, 16 May 2012, lot 63. Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

122 A CHARMING IVORY NETSUKE OF A DOG ON AN AWABI BY GYOKUSAI By Gyokusai, ivory netsuke Japan, Tokyo, mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A young puppy lying comfortably on an abalone (awabi), its head on the characteristic row of holes. Young puppies such as this one are a symbol of good health, while dried abalone meat was often gifted and represented a long life. The puppy has black inlaid eyes. Himotoshi on the underside, signed GYOKUSAI on an inlaid small mother-of-pearl plaque. The artist is probably the one mentioned in MCI as being from the Tomochika school. HEIGHT 2.2 CM, LENGTH 3.6 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

93


123 A FINE WOOD NETSUKE OF TWO PUPPIES BY KAGETOSHI By Kagetoshi, wood netsuke Japan, Kyoto, first half of the 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) This work from the great Winkworth collection shows two characteristically chubby puppies. The smaller puppy is climbing on his friend, their fur is masterfully incised – a fine, ideally rounded and very lively work. Inlaid eyes, natural himotoshi between the legs, minutely incised signature in a square reserve reading KAGETOSHI, a significant netsuke master who probably worked in Kyoto, although being mentioned to have been from Nagoya. Note: With old handwritten label noting the aforementioned collection (misspelled “Winckworth”) as well as the year “1820”. Winkworth was an expert at Sotheby’s in London and a friend of Marcel Lorber, who originated our netsuke symposia, VNS, in the 1980s. HEIGHT 2.7 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection, formerly from the W. W. Winkworth collection Auction comparison: A similar netsuke of a puppy by Kagetoshi was sold at Zacke, Fine Netsuke, Sagemono & Okimono, Vienna, 2 June 2018, lot 12. Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

94

124 A FINE AND RARE HIRADO PORCELAIN NETSUKE OF TWO DOGS ON A BASKET Unsigned, Hirado porcelain netsuke Japan, Hirado, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) Two puppies playing about, one climbing on top of the other, and the other with a string from the basket in its mouth and holding an awabi shell with one paw. Puppies symbolize good health while dried awabi strips were a popular gift representing a long life. This netsuke is made from pure white porcelain, with a beautiful shimmering glaze and an oily feel to it. Hirado netsuke of this quality are rare to find. HEIGHT 4 CM Condition: Good condition, possibly a small chip to the rope in the mouth of one the puppies Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-


125 A FINE AND RARE WOOD NETSUKE OF A DOG WITH LARGE BALL BY CHOSEN By Chosen, wood netsuke Japan, Kyoto, 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The netsuke in very distinct Kyoto style, and with great affinities to works by Okatomo. The dog wearing a collar is crafted very finely, with detailed hairwork, expressed spine, floppy ears, curly tail and a sensitive expression with the pupils inlaid in black horn. He has his left paw placed on a large ball, with engraved patterns. Natural himotoshi through the legs and the signature on the right hindleg in a rectangular reserve CHOSEN. The artist is recorded by Neil Davey in his publication Netsuke: A Comprehensive Study Based on the M.T. Hindson Collection, with the note ‘Wood, early’, and it appears to be the first netsuke ever seen on the market by this rare and excellent carver, who quite possibly belonged to the Okatomo school. HEIGHT 3.8 CM Condition: Excellent condition, very good worn patina Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 2.500,Starting price EUR 1.250,-

95


126 AN IVORY KYOTO SCHOOL NETSUKE OF A DOG WITH A BALL Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, first half of the 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The dog is carved in the style of the Kyoto school, its small head turned backwards and both front paws on a ball, note the beautiful details of the paws. The dog is wearing a collar around its neck, its fur, ribs and spine are precisely executed. Its small head is carved in a very lively manner, with lustrous black inlaid eyes. Natural himotoshi between the legs and ball. The dog (inu) is one of the twelve signs of the Japanese zodiac. HEIGHT 3.4 CM, LENGTH 4.2 CM Condition: Very good condition, beautiful patina with honey spots in some areas Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London gentleman Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-

96


127 AN IVORY KYOTO SCHOOL NETSUKE OF A SHAGGY DOG Inscribed Tomomasa, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, first half of the 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The seated dog is carved in the style of the Kyoto school, with densely and expressively incised shaggy fur. Its small head is turned backwards with an alert expression and carved in a naturalistic manner, both eyes are inlaid with in black horn. Large himotoshi on the underside, inscribed between the front and hind legs TOMOMASA. HEIGHT 3.3 CM Condition: The end of the right foreleg with a small chip, otherwise in good condition with a very appealing patina; the signature may be a later addition Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 114 Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

97


128 AN EXCEPTIONAL AND RARE IVORY NETSUKE OF A BITCH WITH PUP BY RANSEKI By Ranseki, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A large female dog (inu) wearing a collar with a bell, standing upright with one paw raised and looking downwards. She wears a cap on her head with a symbol of the Dharma wheel on her head, which is quite unusual. The dog’s fur pattern is executed in a lively manner, and the patina, especially on the backside, is beautiful and worn. Between its leg a suckling young dog, so small and fine that it can be easily overlooked. Very good and well-hidden himotoshi through the belly and underside. Signed RANSEKI on a small plate. Ranseki was one of the late followers of Hogen Rantei and not many of his works are recorded. His works were generally small and carved with great detail, invariably in ivory. This particular piece has the feel of an 18th century Kyoto piece, however unique in its expression and style. HEIGHT 6 CM Condition: Very good condition, beautiful patina and wear Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 142 Auction comparison: For another very fine netsuke by this rare artist see Bonhams, Fine Netsuke from the Adrienne Barbanson Collection, London, 13 May 2013, lot 3. Estimate EUR 3.000,Starting price EUR 1.500,-

98


129 A FINE IVORY NETSUKE OF A PUPPY ON A FAN AFTER KAIGYOKUSAI MASATSUGU (1813-1892) Signed Kaigyokudo, after Kaigyokusai, ivory netsuke Japan, Osaka, mid to late 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

130 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF A LARGE CHUBBY PUPPY BY TOMOCHIKA By Tomochika, ivory netsuke Japan, Tokyo, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

A very fine netsuke of a puppy on a flat, slightly tattered fan. The dog has a very pleased expression, the puppy symbolizing good health. The puppy has a band with tassels around its neck, the fan also with a further tassel. Large himotoshi through the fan on the underside, beside the signature KAIGYOKUDO, identifying the artist as Kaigyokudo Masateru, a son of the famed Kaigyokusai from Osaka, however Ueda Reikichi states that the latter also signed Kaigyokudo until the age of 20, so it is possible that this is an early work of the artist himself.

The characteristically large and chubby puppy is carved in the style of the Kyoto school, with densely incised, black-colored fur, both ears folded forwards and a collar. The head has a lively expression with black inlaid eyes and an open mouth. Himotoshi on the underside, signed TOMOCHIKA within a rectangular reserve. LENGTH 4.5 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection

LENGTH 5.8 CM Condition: Very good condition Provenance: British private collection

Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

99


YEAR OF THE BOAR 1935 - 1947 - 1959 - 1971 - 1983 - 1995 - 2007 - 2019

100


BOAR / INOSHISHI

131 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF A JUMPING BOAR Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

132 A CHARMING WOOD NETSUKE OF A BOAR BY TOMOSADA By Tomosada, wood netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

The boar (inoshishi) is a symbol of daredevilry and the bravest of all animals as well as one of the signs of the Japanese zodiac. This boar has its head raised upwards and its front legs tucked up, creating the appearance of the boar being about to jump. Dense fur pattern, the animal’s muscles are accentuated, its wild expression captured well. Himotoshi on the belly.

The boar, or inoshishi, is the twelfth sign of the Japanese zodiac, is considered the bravest of the animals and also symbolizes daredevilry. It is also called yamakujira, or “mountain whale”. The fur is neatly incised and accentuated with dark coloration. Himotoshi on the underside and between them the signature TOMOSADA.

LENGTH 3.4 CM

LENGTH 5 CM

Condition: One hoof is chipped, otherwise good condition Provenance: Private collection of London-based gentleman

Condition: The wood bearing a fine patina, good and original condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman

Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

101


133 AN EXCELLENT IVORY NETSUKE OF A SEATED BOAR Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The boar (inoshishi) is the twelfth sign of the Japanese zodiac and such a netsuke is the ideal piece for someone born in the year of the pig. This boar has a very appealing yellowish patina, with dense and finely executed fur. However, what really stands out is the posture and expression of the boar. It has one hoof slightly raised while it lifts his head, the ears laid back, and opening its mouth, as if it was about to let a powerful roar. The rows of teeth are carefully carved as well as the two small tusks to the side of the mouth. The underside is carved exquisitely with the hooves and legs almost coming to life. Good himotoshi on the underside as well. LENGTH 4.3 CM Condition: A small chip to the side of the tail, some age cracks, otherwise good condition with a very appealing patina Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-

102


134 A FINE IVORY NETSUKE OF A BOAR BY RANTEI By Rantei, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A fine netsuke of a recumbent boar, with its left front leg slightly raised, and mouth wide open baring its teeth, as if it is about to roar. The hairwork is masterful and comparable to that of the Osaka master Kaigyokusai Masatsugu. Long autumn grasses extend from below up around the back and the right foreleg. The underside equally beautifully carved and with the signature RANTEI in a circular reserve. The inscription HOGEN, which is an honorary title, can be found in a rectangular reserve on the boar´s back. Natural himotoshi through the legs. HEIGHT 3.1 CM, LENGTH 4.8 CM Condition: A large crack through the boar and the left front leg has been reattached - otherwise good condition Provenance: European private collection Literature comparison: Compare to a similar netsuke of a boar signed Rantei illustrated in The Meinertzhagen Card Index on Netsuke in the Archives of the British Museum Part B, Frederick Meinertzhagen (edited by George Lazarnick), New York, 1986, page 643. Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-

103


135 A FINE KYOTO SCHOOL IVORY NETSUKE OF TWO RESTING BOARS Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The netsuke depicts a tranquil scene of a boar and its young resting on a bed of autumn leaves, ferns and grasses, with two branches extending from the bottom and resting on the boar’s backs. The scene is crafted with incredibly sensitive details – one almost does not want to touch it in the fear of waking these beautiful animals up, however when picking it up and twisting and turning it, one immediately notices the warm and worn patina of the piece – luckily the boars are still asleep, as they are known to be wild and dangerous creatures, though nothing in this netsuke would give that impression; they are sleeping beasts. The beautifully carved underside with very good, large and irregular himotoshi. It is known that netsuke owners would switch their netsuke according to the season, and the present piece would be a wonderful example for the autumn season. LENGTH 5 CM Condition: Excellent condition with a beautiful worn patina Provenance: British private collection acquired at Sotheby’s London, 24th April 1967 Auction comparison: A comparable example was sold at Van Ham, Asiatische Kunst, Cologne, 08. December 2016, lot 2414. Estimate EUR 5.000,Starting price EUR 2.500,-

104


105


ZODIAC / JUNISHI

136 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF THE TWELVE ANIMALS OF THE ZODIAC BY ONO RYOMIN By Ryomin, ivory netsuke Japan, Edo/Tokyo, second half of the 19th century A very compact and incredibly charming netsuke of the twelve zodiac animals also known as Junishi. The animals are arranged neatly in a circle and are climbing on top of each other. The monkey (saru) is riding on top of the horse (uma), a popular netsuke motif on its own and an allusion to the Chinese principle of climbing the bureaucratic ladder. The tiger (tora) is looking upwards with a red-tinted mouth, as well as the dragon (tatsu) which winds across the entire composition with a little rat (nezumi) climbing upon it – the dragon’s expression is crafted vividly, and the mouth is also tinted red. Next is the boar (inoshishi) with a large rabbit (usagi) on its head, and another one next to it. The rooster (tori) with hen are found on top of the ox (ushi), with a little dog (inu) next to it and above the dog a sensitively crafted goat (hitsuji) with another little rat on its head. Finally, the last animal, the snake (hebi), is carved so delicately that one can almost miss it. The underside with a cluster of hooves and legs with the kao of Ono Ryomin on a little tablet. Ono Ryomin was regarded as one of the most brilliant carvers of netsuke in the latter half of the 19th century. HEIGHT 3.1 CM Condition: One of the paws of the puppy have been restored, and half of the signature tablet is probably replaced, as only the kao is visible – generally, in very good condition, considering the incredibly intricate and fragile design Provenance: Formerly Kolodotschko collection Estimate EUR 3.000,Starting price EUR 1.500,-

106


137 AN IVORY NETSUKE DEPICTING THE ANIMALS OF THE ZODIAC BY MEIGYOKUSAI By Meigyokusai, ivory netsuke Japan, 20th century An exceptionally dense group of the twelve animals of the Japanese zodiac. The smooth, light horse (uma) is in the center, with the rat (nezumi) on top of it. The horse’s muzzle rests on the boar (inoshishi), on which the snake (hebi) coils. The next animals starting from the boar are the dog (inu), monkey (saru), tiger (tora), ox (ushi), rabbit (usagi) and the rooster (tori). The sheep (hitsuji) lies under the heavy ox while the dangerous-looking scaled dragon (tatsu) is tucked between the dog, monkey and horse with one of its claws on the dog. An amusingly lively arrangement of the animals’ many legs on the underside. Signed MEIGYOKUSAI on the dragon’s tail. Kinsey writes in her book ‘Contemporary Netsuke’ on page 248: “Meigyokusai is synonymous with expert workmanship, strong and usually traditional design, and great versatility”. HEIGHT 2.5 CM, LENGTH 4.2 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

107


SCENES FROM DAILY LIFE

138 A RARE MARINE IVORY NETSUKE OF A FISHERMAN BY MINKOKU By Minkoku, marine ivory netsuke with lacquer inlay Japan, Tokyo, late 19th century, Meiji period (1868-1912) A lively, masterfully executed study of a fisherman on the side of the street offering his merchandise, with a basket full of fish beside him. The chin-bearded man is wearing a black lacquer cap and shows a seductive expression, trying to appeal to customers. The wickerwork of the basket as well as the garment patterns are minutely executed. Signed MINKOKU on the base next to the small himotoshi. Excellent use of this rare material.

An ivory netsuke of a farmer, his robes decorated with a triangular dot pattern, smiling and using a hoe on soil, with an adorable and smooth little dog next to him. Natural himotoshi and signature on the underside MINZAN. The artist was a student of Chikuyosai Tomochika II. HEIGHT 4.3 CM

HEIGHT 3 CM, LENGTH 4.6 CM

Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection

Condition: Very good condition Provenance: Dutch private collection, old museum number

Estimate EUR 500,Starting price EUR 250,-

Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

108

139 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF A FARMER WITH DOG BY MINZAN By Minzan, ivory netsuke Japan, Edo/Tokyo, mid to late 19th century


140 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF A MAN WEARING A MASK AND A DOG Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

141 AN AMUSING IVORY NETSUKE OF A FOX CATCHER Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

A man seated on the ground, a dog sitting on his feet. The man is hiding his face behind a mask, which shows a peaceful smile. The dog on the other hand shows a rather grim expression. Both are looking forward. A finely stained and polished work with large himotoshi through the underside and back.

The man is probably a farmer, is wearing simple clothes and attempts to catch a fox with a large hat, but the canny animal has jumped on the man’s back. The man has both arms pressed on the hat lying on the ground and his face shows he is both irritated and amused. Neatly incised details, black inlaid eyed on both the man and the fox, himotoshi through the man’s behind.

HEIGHT 3.2 CM

HEIGHT 3.6 CM

Condition: Excellent condition, fine patina Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

Condition: Very good condition with a fine patina Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

109


142 A TALL IVORY NETSUKE OF A STANDING SARUMAWASHI AND HIS MONKEY Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868) An ideally standing, larger figural netsuke depicting a Sarumawashi (“monkey trainer”). These would perform tricks with their monkeys on the street for passersby. The monkey trainer is laughing gleefully and is holding a taming stick while the tiny monkey (saru) is sitting on his shoulder and clothed. Strong, lively carving of the garment folds, very good patina and himotoshi on the reverse.   HEIGHT 8.5 CM   Condition: Good condition, the ivory worn with a very good patina on the backside and some age cracks, one foot repaired Provenance: European private collection Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

110


143 A FINE IVORY NETSUKE OF A SLEEPING SARUMAWASHI WITH MONKEY Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The Sarumawashi (monkey trainer) was a street artist who performed tricks with his monkey. In this netsuke the monkey trainer is depicted sleeping, with sensitively crafted facial features, while the normally obedient monkey is grabbing the basket of the food behind his back. The ivory bearing a very good patina and the large himotoshi on the underside. HEIGHT 2.5 CM, LENGTH 4.6 CM Condition: Very good condition, minor age cracks Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 55 Estimate EUR 1.200,Starting price EUR 600,-

144 A CHARMING IVORY NETSUKE OF A SLEEPING TEMPLE SERVANT Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, first half of the 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) This netsuke shows a temple servant, dressed in flowing robes and wearing an eboshi, who has fallen asleep seated on a rolled-up umbrella, with a blissfully dreaming face with fine features. Good and large himotoshi through the side and underside. The ivory of a good color with a fine patina. LENGTH 6.2 CM Condition: Very good condition, the ivory showing signs of wear with a fine patina and a few expected age cracks Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

111


145 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF A MASK CARVER BY GYOKUZAN By Gyokuzan, ivory netsuke Japan, late 19th century, Meiji period (1868-1912) The small mask carver is working hard on a highly expressive mask, larger than the man himself, lying on the ground. The mask with courtly headpiece might be the thunder god Kaminari, also known as Raiden. The demonic face with staring, black inlaid eyes under wild bushy brows and mouth wide open. The work’s stunningly precise details are partly executed in a realist manner, like the spread, muscular legs or the man’s face with an expression almost as wild as that of the thunder god, possibly meant to depict the wind god Futen. Signed on the underside on the mask GYOKUZAN. HEIGHT 2.8 CM, LENGTH 4.3 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 84 Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

146 A FINE IVORY NETSUKE OF A MONKEY WITH DRUM AND SHISHIMAI MASK BY TOMOKAZU By Tomokazu, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, mid to late 19th century An unusual and fine netsuke depicting a monkey wearing a lion mask, used for the Shishimai festival dance, while beating the drum before him with a mallet. The Shishimai festival was imported from China during the Tang dynasty and is celebrated during the New Year to bring good luck and ward off evil spirits. The jaw of the lion mask is hinged with a metal wire and the eyes are double inlaid in ivory and black horn. Amazingly, the face of the monkey is carved inside the mask, and the eyes, as well, are inlaid in dark horn. The fur and paws of the monkey are finely carved, and the signature is found in a rounded reserve on one of the buttocks reading TOMOKAZU. Kano Tomokazu from Gifu opened a school in Kyoto during the latter half of the 19th century, and most likely this fine carving originates from this school. HEIGHT 3.2 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

147 AN IVORY CHILDREN’S NETSUKE OF AN EGG TESTER Unsigned, ivory children’s netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A very small, probably a children’s netsuke, standing figurine of an egg tester, holding an egg against the sunlight, squinting one of his eyes and examining the egg’s quality and translucence. He is only wearing a loincloth and carrying a basket attached to a rope. The smallest details are executed with the greatest precision. Fine patina and tiny himotoshi in the behind. HEIGHT 4.7 CM, LENGTH 1.7 (!) CM Condition: One leg has been reattached, otherwise very good condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

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148 AN AMUSING IVORY NETSUKE OF BLINDMEN SCUFFLING AND A DOG BY RYOJI By Ryoji, ivory netsuke Japan, Tokyo, late 19th century, Meiji period (1868-1912) An entire group of blindmen, with closed eyes, bumps on their heads and empty expressions, pouncing on each other, two of them with clubs, one has fallen on his back, a small dog beside him. A masterful, minutely sculptural work with a dense composition. A parasol and the himotoshi and the signature RYOJI in a rounded reserve on the underside. The ivory stained and of a very good color with an excellent finish. The artist was a student of Ono Ryomin in Tokyo.   HEIGHT 4.8 CM, LENGTH 4.7 CM   Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 1.200,Starting price EUR 600,-

149 A FINE IVORY OKIMONO NETSUKE OF A FRUSTRATED RAT CATCHER BY SEIKEI By Seikei, ivory okimono netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The rat catcher, equipped with a large club, is holding down a box with one hand in an effort to catch the rat, which has escaped onto his back. He is visibly frustrated, as he is exclaiming while turning his head and looking at the innocent rat which has eluded him. The rat (nezumi) is a symbol of wealth and the companion of the lucky god Daikoku. That may explain why rat catchers had such a bad reputation, since he is usually depicted emaciated, ugly and demonic, as in the present carving. All eyes inlaid in dark horn, and the signature on the underside SEIKEI. HEIGHT 4.2 CM, LENGTH 5.6 CM Condition: Minor age cracks, the bottom section of the club has been repaired and the top section reattached. Otherwise in good condition Provenance: British private collection Literature comparison: Compare to another netsuke by Seikei of a rat catcher, though in wood, illustrated in the Baur collection, Marie-Therese Coullery and Martin S. Newstead, Geneve, 1977, page 221, C 590. Estimate EUR 1.200,Starting price EUR 600,-

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FOREIGNERS Foreigners (also called Nanban, as they usually approached Japan from the South) hold a special place in netsuke art as they aroused great curiosity in the Japanese mind, since Japan was virtually closed off from the rest of the world due to the isolationist policy of the Tokugawa shogunate. Foreigners were almost never seen by the public as they were isolated and strictly watched, such as the Dutch who were confined to the island of Dejima. Carvers had to rely on rumors, paintings or woodblock prints and subsequently the appearances and features of these foreigners were increasingly exaggerated throughout the arts, lending very well to the caricaturist nature of the netsuke carver.

150 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF A GROTESQUE FOREIGNER WITH DRUM AND MONKEY BY MASAHARU By Masaharu, ivory netsuke with horn inlay Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

151 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF A GROTESQUE DUTCHMAN WITH TWO DOGS Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

An unusual ivory netsuke of a deformed man, probably a foreigner, holding a stick in one hand and placing his other hand on a drum with inlaid horn buttons. Next to the drum is a little monkey with inlaid eyes seated on a sack with a fan underneath, perhaps suggesting that it is Hotei’s treasure sack. Good and large himotoshi on the underside of the drum next to the signature MASAHARU.

The Dutch were the only foreigners allowed after the Tokugawa government virtually closed off Japan and expelled the Portuguese in 1638. The Dutch were confined to the island of Deshima (‘exit island’) in Nagasaki bay, therefore relatively little was known about them and netsuke carvers knew of them predominantly from woodblock prints. Therefore, depictions of Dutchmen were a mixture of caricatures combined with known elements, sometimes even bordering the grotesque, rather than exact portraits.

HEIGHT 3.5 CM Condition: Age cracks and two horn buttons lost, generally in good condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

An early netsuke of triangular shape with a very good patina showing considerable wear. Depicted is a grotesque version of a Dutchman with parodied features such as the very large nose and silly expression. He is wearing the characteristic hat, has long hair and is holding a fan, amusingly suggesting the Dutchman is, like Sennin and gods, of otherworldly origin. Two playful dogs are seated in front of him embracing each other. The garments of the Dutchman are finely decorated with leaves and the large himotoshi are found in the back and underside. HEIGHT 3.8 CM Condition: Expected age cracks and wear – good and complete condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

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152 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF A DUTCHMAN WITH CHILD Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

153 A RARE AND LARGE IVORY OKIMONO NETSUKE OF A SHIP FULL OF DUTCHMEN Unsigned, ivory okimono netsuke Japan, late 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

A standing Dutchman with a grotesque face is beating a drum, the sides inlaid with horn buttons, which he is holding in his raised hand. His parodic facial expression shows he is deep into the groove, his eyes are inlaid with dark horn. He is wearing a headpiece and a long, densely patterned garment. A boy is sitting by his feet, blowing a trumpet with all his power. Himotoshi through the man’s behind and one leg. A fine composition imbued with a lot of movement.

A total of eight Dutchman populate this large two-tiered ship with an expressive dragon prow. The front and back show two lookouts, one with a telescope, and the ship is powered by two oarsmen on each side. The other Dutchmen are all relaxing, enjoying themselves and smoking their pipes, except for the one who is crawling out of the structure by the bow with a very amusing facial expression. The ship is decorated with waves on the underside next to the central himotoshi, though the carving was likely used as an okimono. HEIGHT 6 CM, LENGTH 10 CM

HEIGHT 5.2 CM Condition: Worn condition, minor losses to inlay of the drum, and a chip to the edge of the garments of the Dutchman Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

Condition: The ivory worn with some cracks, the telescope of the Dutchman at the stern is restored - generally, in good condition with yellow-honey patina in some areas Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-

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154 A TALL AND FINE IVORY NETSUKE OF A DUTCHMAN WITH COCKEREL Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The tall Dutchman is wearing a large tussled hat and has a humorous expression, typically caricaturized, with a large nose, wide-opened eyes and compressed lips. He is holding a cockerel in his hands, probably referring to the pastime of cockfighting in the Dutch company. He has curly hair and the seam of his long coat is incised with fine waves, since they came to Japan from the ocean. He wears knee breeches, stockings and clogs for shoes. ‘Chimney himotoshi’ through the back and underside. Dutchmen were only known to netsuke artists from the woodblock prints from Nagasaki and were the only Europeans allowed in Japan, after the Portuguese were expelled in 1638. HEIGHT 9.5 CM Condition: Very good condition, a minor imperfection by the tussle, expected minor age cracks and the ivory with some wear and a fine patina Provenance: European private collection, Ex June Schuerch and previously acquired at Sagemonoya, Tokyo Estimate EUR 3.000,Starting price EUR 1.500,-

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155 A RARE MARINE IVORY NETSUKE OF A DUTCHMAN WITH A COCKEREL Unsigned, marine ivory netsuke Japan, early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The Dutchman is wearing an allonge wig and a large hat with tassels. He is holding a cockerel with beautiful tail feathers visible on the back. Very dense and precisely carved patterns on the garment, small buttons inset with black horn on the reverse. Dutchmen were only known to netsuke artists from the woodblock prints from Nagasaki and were the only Europeans allowed in Japan, after the Portuguese were expelled in 1638. HEIGHT 7.2 CM Condition: Very good condition, two of the horn buttons on the reverse are lost Provenance: British private collection Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, from 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 158 Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-

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156 AN EXCELLENT AND TALL IVORY NETSUKE OF A LAUGHING DUTCHMAN WITH LANTERN Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A pointedly humorous and very large netsuke sculpture showing a forcefully laughing, bearded Dutchman. The Dutchman’s incredibly expressive face is what makes this netsuke stand out, his eyes are closed, and his mouth is wide open with visible teeth, as he lets out a hearty laugh which one can almost hear. His hairstyle is convoluted in a parodying manner, as are his expressive beard, the seam of his coat and his shoes. The buttons of his garment are inset with dark-brown horn. The Dutchman is carrying a lantern on his back, with two equally squiggled decorative elements attached. Small himotoshi in the back. Dutchmen were only known to netsuke artists from the woodblock prints from Nagasaki and were the only Europeans allowed in Japan, after the Portuguese were expelled in 1638. HEIGHT 10 CM Condition: One of the voluted decorative elements, as well as one lock of his hair is restored; a thin section of the back including one of the himotoshi and two of the volutes at the seam of his coat is restored very well and inset, the ivory is worn with some age cracks Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 7.000,Starting price EUR 3.500,-

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three views

157 A FINE AND UNUSUAL IVORY NETSUKE OF A DUTCHMAN BY MASAKAZU By Masakazu, ivory netsuke Japan, Osaka, early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A fine netsuke of a Dutchman with very expressive facial features, typical for the Osaka artist. He has an over-exaggeratedly wide smile with visible teeth, large and pronounced bulbous nose and almost closed eyes. He is wearing an allonge wig with curly hair, has a stubby beard and is holding a large fruit with a circular opening on one side with a tiny moveable bead inside, which is unusual since normally islanders are depicted with these. Since it was known that the Dutch enclave would bring back islanders as servants, it appears that the present Dutchman has taken their beloved fruit. Special attention has been given to his ornate coat, which is incised with many decorative patterns and scrolling thorny vines. One foot is lifted, lending movement to the composition, and the himotoshi are found in the back next to the signature in a rounded reserve MASAKAZU. HEIGHT 7.2 CM Condition: Very good condition, fine patina, minor age crack Provenance: French private collection Auction comparison: Another netsuke by the artist with similar facial features was sold at Lempertz, Auction 1092, Cologne, 9 June 2017, lot 525. Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-

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158 A VERY TALL IVORY NETSUKE OF A MONGOLIAN ARCHER Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868) An ivory netsuke of a Mongolian Tatar archer, wearing a Chinese cap and robes decorated with floral and scrolling vine motifs. His expression is powerful and focused, and the composition is full of movement as he lifts one leg and clutches his right hand into a fist, the knuckles strikingly carved. In his other hand he holds a characteristically curved Tatar bow and a long sword is attached to his obi, which goes to the other side and touches his cap at the back. Large and good himotoshi on the reverse, as well as a fine yellowish patina. HEIGHT 12.1 CM Condition: Very good condition, the ivory worn with a good patina on the backside Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 2.500,Starting price EUR 1.250,-

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159 AN AMUSING EBONY, CORAL AND IVORY NETSUKE OF A KUROMBO DIVER Unsigned, ebony wood netsuke with coral and ivory inlay Japan, Edo/Tokyo, mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A fine netsuke of a South Sea islander, also known as kurombojin. Jin means man and kurombo probably derived from the Ceylonese capital Colombo. The islander is carved from ebony wood, reflecting his deep black skin, with a non-Asian face and bald head with long curly hair on the back and sides. He is almost naked and only wearing a loincloth which is inlaid in ivory. The man is a diver and has salvaged a massive piece of coral which he is holding between his hands and feet and is fondling it with a very amusing and pleased expression. Foreigners were a popular theme in netsuke art as they aroused curiosity in the Japanese mind, since Japan was virtually closed off (with rare exceptions) from the world since the beginning of the Edo period. Therefore, not much was known about these enigmatic islanders, and their features were often exaggerated, as in this netsuke, to poke fun at them. The irregular himotoshi are found at the back, one of them ringed in ivory. The highly contrasting colors of the ebony, ivory and the bright orange coral are pleasing to the eye. HEIGHT 4.3 CM Condition: The feet and legs have been separately carved to fit the coral, however they have come off over time and are reattached with glue residue visible; the head is carved separately and attached with a peg to the body - the entire figure is original and requires minimal restoration to better hide the faults Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 43 Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

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160 A VERY RARE IVORY NETSUKE OF A GIGANTIC ISLANDER WITH A PORTUGUESE BY NOBUFUSA By Nobufusa, ivory netsuke Japan, early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) This netsuke shows an island native, presumably the giant Kochi, he is naked except for a loincloth. Very well executed, the islander of a somewhat mythical appearance, the head is attached to the shoulders and the face is carved in a lively manner. The islander is holding a doll-like Portuguese man, a tenth of his size, with both hands on his shoulder. The man in typical Portuguese garment and headpiece is holding on to the giant’s hair. Good himotoshi on the islander’s behind, beside the signature NOBUFUSA within a wavy reserve. HEIGHT 8 CM Condition: Good condition, a few expected age cracks, and two toes on the right foot are restored Provenance: Austrian private collection formerly acquired at Christie’s in 2002 Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-

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STAG ANTLER AND OTHER RARE MATERIALS

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two views

161 A STAG ANTLER NETSUKE OF A FISHERGIRL Unsigned, stag antler netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A standing fishergirl (ama) nude except for a skirt. Her head is prominent due to its size, especially the forehead, her face showing a fine, pensive expression. With one hand she is touching her hair and in the other she holds a sickle, which she uses to cut off the seaweed (egonori) but also to search for clams and pearls. Fishergirls (ama) would dive into the water while tied to a rope used to pull them back up. Large himotoshi on the reverse. The antler, almost appearing like ivory with very little ‘imperfections’ used is completely hollow and the legs and the top of her hair are inserted. The artist has managed to carve a fine netsuke from a piece of scrap material. HEIGHT 7.2 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: A British private collection stored in a bank vault for 40 years, collection no. 79 Estimate EUR 900,Starting price EUR 450,-

162 A RARE TALL HIPPO TOOTH NETSUKE OF ASHINAGA AND TENAGA Unsigned, hippopotamus tooth netsuke Japan, late 19th century, Meiji period (1868-1912) Ashinaga (long legs) and Tenaga (long arms) are depicted here as fishermen, with the latter holding a well-carved seabream in his left hand. Their faces are carved sensitively, the pair is visibly pleased with their catch. They are both wearing mugwort loincloths and Ashinaga is holding a double gourd (hyotan) with the elixir of life in his hand – both typical attributes of Sennin, though the pair are not traditionally viewed as such, but rather as Yokai from the southern islands. The present netsuke depicts them as immortals. Another particularity of the netsuke is the material that has been used, which is an unusually large section of a hippo tooth – a very rare material which had to be imported. The color of the material is beautiful, glossy and very pleasing to the eye, while the surface is highly polished. Natural himotoshi are possible, however the carving is more of a netsuke-okimono. HEIGHT 9.5 CM Condition: Very good condition, the edge of one foot has been repaired, however is not visible at all, as it has been restored to perfection Provenance: European private collection Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

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163 A MAGNIFICENT AND RARE STAG ANTLER CARVING OF AN OCTOPUS WITH JAR Unsigned, stag antler Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) In the form of a cane handle however usable as an okimono. The elongated handle carved from a choice piece of stag antler depicting an octopus on top of a gnarly coral branch with many clams stuck to it. The octopus is holding a large barnaclecovered jar between two of his tentacles and has a fierce expression with large bulging eyes and a funnel-shaped mouth. Octopus are often depicted bursting out of jars in netsuke art, however in this piece the tables have turned. The antler is of a very good color, with the beautiful porous structure especially evident on the smooth head of the mollusk. Also note the other tentacles of the octopus which gently flow down the coral branch, the suckers expressively and naturalistically carved. HEIGHT 12 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: A British private collection stored in a bank vault for 40 years, collection no. 59 Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

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164 AN EXCEPTIONAL ASAKUSA SCHOOL WALRUS TUSK IVORY MANJU NETSUKE WITH KAPPA, FROG AND CRAB Unsigned, walrus tusk ivory netsuke Japan, Asakusa, late 19th century A compact study with lots of movement depicting a kappa chasing after a frog, while a crab pinches the kappa, who screams out in pain, holding his leg. The entire struggle takes place on a lotus leaf, which is slowly disintegrating, slightly crumpled on the edges and showing many holes. The underside is carved with great detail, as is usual for the best Asakusa school works, with two beautifully carved stems of the lotus leaves curling up and around, one of them leading to the other side and forming a lifelike lotus bud next to the frog. The naturally porous material of the walrus ivory has been used beautifully to portray the decaying lotus leaf. Natural himotoshi through the stem of the leaf on the underside and the pupils of the frog and kappa are inlaid in dark horn. While attributing this netsuke to a certain carver of the Asakusa school is difficult, it is most likely from the circle of hands around Ozaki Kokusai. The triangular section of the kappa’s limbs, are typical of Kokusai and seen most notably in the creature in Paul Moss’s collection, illustrated in his recent magnum opus, vol. II, no. 64. While the overall delicacy and movement of this carving seems closer to Rensai than to Kokusai, it nonetheless feels more akin to the Kokusai example in the Veranneman collection (Eskenazi, no. 220) than the Rensai in the Minneapolis exhibition (Welsh and Chappell, no. 168). DIAMETER 3.4 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-

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165 A RARE STAG ANTLER NETSUKE OF A GROUP OF SEA ANIMALS Unsigned, stag antler netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) This netsuke shows a bream (tai), squid (ika) and lobster (ebi) on the upper side, a large octopus (tako) with extending tentacles on one side, as well as various larger and smaller fish, including a catfish (namazu) and a fugu. Dense composition with some openwork, all eyes are inlaid. Himotoshi on the underside. Excellent use of this difficult material, which appears almost like ivory, but has the porous surface of the antler material well-hidden on the sides. LENGTH 4.5 CM Condition: Very good condition, one eye of the ebi replaced Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

166 A RARE STAG ANTLER NETSUKE OF A SHARK Unsigned, stag antler netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)  An elongated netsuke depicting a grim shark with inlaid eyes of dark horn. The anatomy of the shark reflects the natural orientation of the antler material, with the dorsal fin and tail shaped like the branches of the antlers. Very beautiful surface with some areas of the porous material turning black. Himotoshi on the underside.   LENGTH 14.6 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

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167 A RARE STAG ANTLER NETSUKE OF A PIEBALD CAT WITH LARGE FISH Unsigned, stag antler netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A rare netsuke with extraordinary use of the antler material. The entire composition is shaped naturally like the section of the antler used. The cat is nestled up to a large fish, wrapped in leaves, and taking a bite at it. The scales of the fish are carved very well, and the large eyes are inlaid in dark horn. The fish has its mouth open, revealing the hollow section inside the antler, where on the other side, the hollow section is plugged with a white piece of bone or antler. The artist has managed to brilliantly incorporate this into his work, as it resembles one of the white spots of the piebald cat. Himotoshi through the back. HEIGHT 5.7 CM, LENGTH 6.5 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: French private collection Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

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168 A STAG ANTLER KISERUZUTSU DEPICTING KAPPA Unsigned, stag antler kiseruzutsu Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The pipecase of senryu-zutsu type carved in the form of an elongated ape-like kappa, holding one hand as if he was picking fleas, and the other hand near his crotch. His expression is curious, looking downwards with a piercing gaze. Perhaps a humorous and hidden meaning is that the pipe would go through his head, where the kappa keeps his vital fluids – though he does not seem to mind. Animal hair is used for the hair on the kappa’s head and the natural structure of the antler is used replicate the scaly skin on the creature’s arm. HEIGHT 19.4 CM Condition: Good condition, losses to animal hair Provenance: European private collection Auction comparison: Compare to an obi-hasami of a kappa sold at Van Ham, Asiatische Kunst, Cologne, 14 June 2018, lot 2297. Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

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169 A VERY RARE STAG ANTLER KISERUZUTSU WITH PIPE DEPICTING A GHOST Unsigned, stag antler kiseruzutsu with bamboo and silver pipe with shakudo and gold hirazogan decoration Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The pipecase of senryu-zutsu type, carved as male ghost with an elongated and curved body and holding his fist to his mouth, forming the cord channel, and screaming. His bony fingers are expressively carved, and his robes are decorated with many clouds and an oni mask at the back. The difficult material is used masterfully, and the natural porous structure of the antler lends to the ethereal representation of the supernatural being. The eyes are inlaid in dark horn. Coming with a kiseru (pipe) made from an attractive piece of bamboo with silver ends and shakudo with gold hirazogan decorations with an ishime finish. HEIGHT (including kiseru) 21 CM Condition: Very good condition Provenance: Formerly collection of Arno Ziesnitz Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-

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170 AN EXCELLENT STAG ANTLER NETSUKE OF A SNAIL ON REISHI MUSHROOM BY OZAKI KOKUSAI (1835 – 1892) By Kokusai, signed Koku, stag antler netsuke Japan, Asakusa, mid to late 19th century The snail is crawling up a reishi mushroom, a symbol for longevity, and is stretching out its feelers scanning the surface of the mushroom, the tip of the antennae inlaid in dark horn. The spirals of the shell and the surface of the reishi are carved very well. The underside with the stem of the reishi, which form the himotoshi and houses the signature carved in sunken relief reading KOKU, for Ozaki Kokusai (1835 – 1892), the founder of the famous Asakusa school in Tokyo, which was the center for stag antler carving in Japan during that time, and produced, in their own right, some of the greatest masterpieces of netsuke art from difficult and rare materials. HEIGHT 2 CM, LENGTH 4 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 110 Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-

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171 A STAG ANTLER NETSUKE OF A KARAKO WITH ONI MASK Signed illegibly, possibly by Jugyoku, stag antler netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A rather small stag antler netsuke of a karako doing the bekkanko gesture with an inlaid and movable tongue. Behind him he is hiding an expressively carved oni mask with inlaid eyes made from metal. The head is carved separately from another piece of antler and the bush of hair is lacquered in black with finely incised lines. Himotoshi through the back and underside where also the signature can be found inlaid in a mother of pearl tablet, however not readable. Possibly by Jugyoku as he was known to carve in stag antler and comparative examples (see auction comparison) exist. HEIGHT 4 CM Condition: The index finger of the boy and the tongue are slightly chipped - otherwise good condition Provenance: British private collection Auction comparison: Compare to a similar netsuke signed Jugyoku sold at Lempertz, Asiatische Kunst, Kรถln, 07 December 2018, lot 461. Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

172 A GOOD STAG ANTLER NETSUKE OF SEIOBO Unsigned, stag antler netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The queen mother of the west depicted standing barefoot, upright and holding her typical attributes of a peach branch in one hand, and a basket (full of peaches) in the other. Her coat with mugwort leaves, usually reserved for Sennin, and her hair tied to a top bun with four further hair buns draping down her shoulder. The antler of a very good color and irregular, diagonal himotoshi in the back. HEIGHT 7.2 CM Condition: Very good condition Provenance: European private collection Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

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two views

173 A RARE NARWHAL TUSK NETSUKE OF A CHUBBY KARAKO Unsigned, narwhal tusk netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) Netsuke made from narwhal tusk are incredibly rare and unique in their appearance. The material is very smooth, and almost white with a yellowish hue and many inclusions. Depicted is a chubby boy dressed in an apron, which he holds up in the front, revealing his genitals. He is looking upwards to his left, the facial features achieved very expressively. Good and large himotoshi through the side and back. HEIGHT 5.4 CM Condition: One very small age crack on the back, plugged nerve channel on the inside of the thigh and restored feet - generally, in good condition Provenance: Viennese private collection Estimate EUR 1.200,Starting price EUR 600,-

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two views

174 A RARE MARINE IVORY NETSUKE OF A DOMESTICATED DOG Unsigned, marine ivory Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A marine ivory netsuke of a dog seated in an upright position, with a large collar attached to it, and has one paw slightly raised, about to extend a greeting to its owner. The fur is carved with good detail and precision, and the material use is superior, as the natural porous structure of the marine ivory is hidden very well. The eyes are inlaid in pale translucent horn and ‘chimney’ himotoshi are found on the side and through the base. HEIGHT 6 CM Condition: Very good condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

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175 A VERY RARE AND FINE BONE NETSUKE OF HADESU SLAYING THE TIGER Unsigned, bone netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) Netsuke carved from bone are usually quite simple and low in quality, as the material was not much appreciated and often even considered ‘waste material’. It is extraordinarily rare to find netsuke of good quality made from bone, as the material is also very difficult to carve. The present netsuke depicts the legendary Japanese hero Hadesu straddling a tiger on his back and killing it with his sword, after stunning it with a punch in a head. The struggle is depicted masterfully, especially evident in the facial expressions of the two combatants – the tiger is screaming in fearful agony as Hadesu has a determined, but ruthless expression. The details are incredibly fine as well – the samurai armour including the ropes attached to it, the sharp rows of teeth of the tiger, as well as the fur coat. The porous texture of the bone is evident all over the piece and adds to the power and expression of the netsuke. Natural himotoshi; unsigned.

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HEIGHT 4.1 CM Condition: Excellent condition, minor expected age cracks and imperfections to the material Provenance: European private collection Auction comparison: An ivory version of the same motif of comparable quality was sold at Zacke, Fine Netsuke, Sagemono & Okimono, Vienna, November 24th 2018, lot 65. A bone netsuke of similar quality, yet smaller and not as detailed was sold at Bonhams, The Julius and Arlette Katchen Collection of Fine Netsuke Part III, London, 6th November 2018, lot 56. Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-


176 A LARGE AND POWERFUL STAG ANTLER NETSUKE OF SHOKI AS A TARTAR ARCHER Unsigned, stag antler netsuke Japan, 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868) Stag antler netsuke of this style and quality are quite rare. Depicted is a tartar archer with Chinese cap and robes with expressive cloud patterns, grim expression and flowing beard. The archer has many similarities with depictions of Shoki, and it is known that their attributes were combined with each other in some netsuke. Perhaps also the ideal Chinese or Mongol warrior was simply closely associated with Shoki in the Japanese mind. The archer draws an arrow from a quiver, which extends downwards to his left showing the natural orientation of the piece of antler used. The material is of a very good color and the porous structure of the antler adds a special touch to the composition. The hollow base has been plugged to make the figure stand and there are three himotoshi, the largest on the side, to hold the figure in place on the obi (belt), as otherwise it would slightly tilt to the left. The carver has utilized a very difficult section of stag antler, which some would consider scrap material, to create a true masterpiece. HEIGHT 8.3 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: French private collection Auction comparison: A netsuke depicting what appears to be Shoki as a tartar archer was sold at Christie’s, Japanese Art and Design, London, 12 May 2010, lot 1. Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-

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177 AN EXCELLENT STAG ANTLER SASHI NETSUKE OF A WASP IN A ROTTING LEAFY GOURD Unsigned, stag antler sashi netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A masterfully carved elongated gourd with leafy vines curling around it. The gourd is rotting, since there are many holes and the antler material perfectly simulates the decay of the vegetable. A large wasp, with huge inlaid eyes of black horn, has settled in a large and hollowed-out crevasse in the gourd and is feeding on it. A beautiful late autumn scene symbolizing the duality of life and death. Large himotoshi on the reverse. LENGTH 16 CM Condition: Minor imperfections, one small section of the vine at the top is restored, generally in good condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-

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178 A STAG ANTLER AND COPPER-BRONZE NETSUKE OF THREE MONKEYS BY TOMOHIDE By Tomohide, stag antler netsuke with copperbronze inlay Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A grown monkey and two young, the group entirely made from copper bronze set in a lobed stag antler base. The fur is finely incised, the mother is holding a peach in one hand, while the two young monkeys are struggling to reach it. The irregularly contoured base shows in part bold structures, with large himotoshi on the underside, one mounted in silver with floral decoration. Signed TOMOHIDE on a small, silverinlaid plate.   LENGTH 5.3 CM   Condition: Very good condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 1.200,Starting price EUR 600,-

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179 A STAG ANTLER OBI HASAMI NETSUKE Unsigned, stag antler obi hasami netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) Obi is a belt and hasami means ‘to insert’, which explains the form of the netsuke, as the top end, which has the himotoshi and a carving of a veiny lotus leaf in relief, was meant to be inserted into the belt. The natural porous material of the antler is very appealing.   HEIGHT 10.5 CM   Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection

180 AN UNUSUAL AND LARGE STAG ANTLER AND WOOD HAKO NETSUKE WITH LOTUS AND CRAB PEONY Unsigned, stag antler hako netsuke with wood lid and metal hinge Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A rare and functional hako netsuke. The bowl in the form of a lotus leaf, the veiny structure visible on the underside, and the top section decorated with many clouds. The inside is hollowed out, with the natural bony structure of the inside of the material visible, and was used to store something, most likely medicine or herbs. The lid is carved from kokutan (ebony) and incised with a crab peony on the top. The lid is hinged with metal fittings and screws and opens and closes perfectly. A very unusual rustic and functional netsuke and could very well have been carved by a professional carver, for personal use. The himotoshi through a carved looped handle on the underside.   DIAMETER 6 CM   Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman

Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

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181 A RARE AND FINE ASAKUSA SCHOOL STAG ANTLER RYUSA MANJU NETSUKE WITH AUSPISCIOUS OBJECTS AND PHEASANT Unsigned, stag antler ryusa netsuke Japan, Asakusa, mid to late 19th century A circular, openworked ryusa manju netsuke with a varied depiction of different objects as well as a bird on top. The bird is most likely a pheasant (kiji), which is known as a messenger of the gods in Shinto. The objects include scrolls, hossu, hyotan, fan, sake cup and a katana amongst dense sprays of maple leaves, all tied together by many ropes. A meticulously executed work brilliantly hollowed out and the material is used masterfully, as is usual for the Asakusa school, as the surface in some areas may also be mistaken for ivory. DIAMETER 4.4 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: Austrian private collection Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

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182 A TWO-PART STAG ANTLER RYUSA MANJU NETSUKE WITH SHISHI Unsigned, stag antler ryusa manju netsuke Japan, Asakusa, mid to late 19th century, Edo period (16151868) The ryusa manju, partially openworked and consisting of two parts, is made from a beautiful piece of stag antler, the color almost golden on the inside and the porous structure of the material appearing very pleasing to the eye. The front decorated with a grim shishi amongst peony blossoms, the section of the antler used to carve the shishi is smooth and looks almost like ivory. The backside equally well-carved with a floral pattern with five leaves emanating from the central himotoshi. DIAMETER 4.2 CM Condition: Very good condition, the rim with natural flaws in the material Provenance: German private collection Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

145


183 A MASTERFULLY CARVED WALRUS IVORY RYUSA MANJU NETSUKE DEPICTING AN OLD DRAGON ATTRIBUTED TO HASEGAWA IKKO Unsigned, attributed to Hasegawa Ikko, walrus ivory ryusa manju netsuke with mother of pearl and dark horn inlay Japan, mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The beautifully openworked ryusa manju depicts a contorted wise and old dragon. The scales are carved precisely, and the difficult material is utilized to perfection, the porous structure of walrus ivory mirroring the depiction of the evanescent aged dragon. The dragon’s expression is anything but ferocious, but rather whimsical, with dense and furrowed brows – a stark contrast to the young and ferocious dragons usually depicted in netsuke art. The claws in the front and the eyes are inlaid in mother of pearl, and the long barbels are inlaid in dark horn. Singular himotoshi on the reverse. The quality and style of the carving, the expression and the style of inlay are all coherent with carvings of Hasegawa Ikko, one of the most influential netsukeshi of the 19th century. DIAMETER 5 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection Literature comparison: Compare to a manju with dragon and Tiger signed Ikko in The Meinertzhagen Card Index on Netsuke in the Archives of the British Museum Part A, Frederick Meinertzhagen (edited by George Lazarnick), New York, 1986, page 223. Auction comparison: Compare to a similar unsigned manju sold at Sotheby’s, Netsuke From the Collection of Raymond and Frances Bushell, London, 18 November 1999, lot 225. Estimate EUR 3.500,Starting price EUR 1.750,-

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184 A RARE AND EXCELLENT ASAKUSA SCHOOL MARINE IVORY MANJU NETSUKE WITH CRAB PEONY AND BATS Unsigned, marine ivory netsuke Japan, Asakusa, mid to late 19th century Carved from a flawless piece of marine ivory in the shape of a cushion with a fine carving of a crab peony, with visible eyes, in high relief on a floralpatterned ground. The leaves of the peony show the legs of the crustacean with the two pincers at the top, and the actual flower shoes the body and mouth, as if it was smiling. The sides are open-worked and decorated with a cross-etched pattern typical for the Asakusa school in Tokyo, founded by Ozaki Kokusai. The reverse with fine floral himotoshi and two lotus flowers in the shape of stylized bats. HEIGHT 4 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: German private collection Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

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185 A RARE AND LARGE WALRUS TUSK IVORY OJIME DEPICTING A WOODCUTTER BY GYOKKO By Gyokko, walrus tusk ivory ojime Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) An unusually thick and large ojime made from marine ivory, the natural milky-white inclusions brilliantly used to depict the pine tree at the back. The wood cutter is carved in shishiabori (sunken relief) and is depicted smiling, taking pleasure in his work. Signed GYOKU-KO (GYOKKO). There are six different carvers listed in MCI who signed Gyokko, however the carver is most likely the one listed as no. 3, who made fine ivory manju. HEIGHT 2.1 CM, WIDTH 2.5 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: French private collection two views Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

two views

186 A FINE MARINE IVORY RYUSA MANJU NETSUKE DEPICTING ONA NO TOFU BY SUZUKI TOKOKU (1836 – 1931) By Tokoku, marine ivory ryusa manju netsuke Japan, Asakusa, mid to late 19th century An early work by the artist who started out in the Asakusa school, founded by Ozaki Kokusai, and is probably best known for his later mixed-material carvings which are unparalleled in their quality and style. However, he also made very good ryusa manju when he was still active in the Asakusa school, though they are rarely found at auction. This ryusa manju, openworked on the sides depicting finely carved magnolia blossoms, shows Ona no Tofu on the separately carved inset medallion. He is depicted underneath a tree wearing courtly robes, an eboshi and holding a fan. The reverse with further blossoming magnolia amongst clouds carved in relief above an

attractively stippled surface. Typical irregular himotoshi and the signature TOKOKU on an inlaid silver tablet. The material almost looks like ivory, however the sides reveal characteristic inclusions typical for marine ivory. DIAMETER 4 CM, WIDTH 1.5 CM Condition: Good condition, the separately carved central medallion has come a little bit loose at the top, and very minor cracks to the openworked section on the side Provenance: European private collection Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

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187 AN INLAID WALRUS TUSK IVORY RYUSA MANJU DEPICTING RIHAKU Unsigned, walrus tusk ivory ryusa manju with silver-gilt inlay Japan, Asakusa, mid to late 19th century A beautiful choice piece of walrus tusk ivory carved into a luscious ryusa manju depicting leafy stalks of bamboo, a thatched hut and many clouds. The center is inlaid with a silver-gilt figure depicting the poet Rihaku (in China, Li Bai) next to a huge double gourd filled with sake (the drink of the immortals). Central himotoshi in the back. A poem by Rihaku which fits this scene nicely follows: Facing my wine, I did not see the dusk, falling blossoms have filled the folds of my clothes. Drunk, I rise and approach the moon in the stream, birds are far off, people too are few. DIAMETER 4.1 CM, WIDTH 2.3 CM Condition: Very good condition, the facial features on the inlay slightly worn Provenance: Austrian private collection Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

150


188 AN ASAKUSA SCHOOL INLAID WALRUS IVORY RYUSA MANJU NETSUKE WITH MONKEY Unsigned, walrus ivory ryusa manju netsuke with silver-gilt inlay Japan, Asakusa, mid to late 19th century A well-carved walrus ivory ryusa manju depicting many pine trees and grasses with an inlaid silver-gilt long-armed monkey in the center. The reverse with rocks, a waterfall and further pines, and central rimmed himotoshi. Beautiful color of the material and natural structure of the walrus tooth. DIAMETER 4.2 CM, WIDTH 2.5 CM Condition: A small section of a branch on the side has been restored, otherwise in very good condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

151


OTHER ANIMALS

152


189 A FINE AND RARE IVORY NETSUKE OF TWO TURTLES BY KAIGYOKUSAI MASATSUGU (1813-1892) Signed Kaigyoku, by Kaigyokusai Masatsugu, ivory netsuke Japan, Osaka, mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A very fine and rather small ivory netsuke of a retracted turtle with its young climbing up its back. The ivory, typical for the Osaka master, is left unstained and treated superbly. The individual patterns on the shell are carved masterfully, especially on the tiny shell of the younger turtle. Both reptilians have inlaid eyes of reddish translucent horn, which add to their wild expressions. The underside carved equally well with the wrinkled skin and clawed feet of the turtle achieved brilliantly. Large and irregular himotoshi, as well as the signature KAIGYOKU, a known signature variant of Kaigyokusai Masatsugu during his prime. LENGTH 3.9 CM Condition: The edge of the carapace with very minor chips to the front, as well as one crack to the side and another tiny chip to the carapace on the underside in the front. Generally in very good condition. Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Auction comparison: Another tortoise signed Masatsugu was offered at Sotheby’s, The Katchen Collection of Netsuke – Part II, London, 13 July 2006, lot 198. Estimate EUR 5.000,Starting price EUR 2.500,-

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190 AN EXCELLENT IVORY NETSUKE OF TWO MONKEYS ON A TURTLE BY RAKUMIN By Rakumin, ivory netsuke Japan, Edo, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) This motif, showing monkeys riding a turtle, is called Saru Kame no noru and originates from an old fairytale. Both monkeys are sitting on the kame’s shell and are holding a well-carved rope attached to the turtle’s mouth, which extends all the way up one of the monkeys’ backs. Its legs and head are tucked in and only one eye, which is inlaid, is visible. The structure on the turtle is very precisely executed and the monkeys are carved in a lively manner with inlaid eyes. One monkey has a strangely wild expression while the other is more naturalistic and with a determined expression. Good himotoshi and signature RAKUMIN on the underside, the artist was known primarily under the name Ho Rakumin. HEIGHT 3.2, LENGTH 4.1 CM Condition: Very good condition, beautiful patina, some age cracks and a plugged nerve channel on one of the monkeys’ sides Provenance: French private collection Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-

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191 A WOOD NETSUKE OF A CICADA ON A HALF NUTSHELL Unsigned, wood netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

192 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF A CICADA ON A HALF NUTSHELL Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

Cicadas (semi) as netsuke have a specific meaning, as they were worn during the festival of Obon, honoring the ancestor spirits, as they generally symbolize resurrection in East Asia. This netsuke shows a meticulously carved semi on an empty nutshell, particularly delicate work is seen on the wings and the ribbing of the body. Himotoshi on the interior of the nutshell below the bridge.

Similar to the previous netsuke no. 191, though rarer since it is carved from ivory. The cicada (semi) is seated on a half nut shell, the wings are carved naturalistically and precisely. The cicada has large and bulging eyes. Himotoshi on the interior of the nutshell below the bridge. Cicada netsuke were worn during the festival of Obon, honoring the ancestor spirits

HEIGHT 2.7 CM, LENGTH 4.5 CM

HEIGHT 2.5 CM, LENGTH 4 CM

Condition: Very good condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman

Condition: Very good condition, minor age cracks Provenance: British private collection

Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

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193 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF A TOAD ON A NASUBI BY HOGEN RANTEI By Hogen Rantei, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A toad (gama) seated on an eggplant (nasumi), a symbol of wealth and good fortune. Both the toad and the top section have an painstakingly stippled surface treatment. The eggplant is literally bursting, its flesh revealed in several openings from the toad climbing upon it. The toad’s expression is lively, and the eyes are inlaid in deep black horn. Himotoshi and signature HOGEN RANTEI on the underside located in two rounded reserves. The ivory bears a good color and is lightly stained in some areas for effect. LENGTH 5 CM Condition: Very good condition Provenance: Austrian private collection Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

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195 AN AMUSING WALRUS TUSK IVORY NETSUKE OF A FROG CONCERT Unsigned, walrus tusk ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

194 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF TWO MUSHROOMS AND A TOAD BY YOSHIKAZU By Yoshikazu, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A lively toad (gama) with inlaid eyes is climbing on one of the mushrooms, which are lying upside down. Its hind legs are spread out wide while the front legs are clinging to the stem. Both mushrooms are shimeji with bulbous stems, their radial gills deeply incised. The underside smooth and beautifully stained, with the himotoshi and signature YOSHIKAZU.

A dense composition carved from a choice piece of butterscotchcolored walrus tusk ivory with many inclusions. Depicted are seven frogs on a waraji, arranged in a circle with a lotus flower in the middle, and holding drums, mallets and a lotus bud. The underside of a beautiful amber color with a further flattened frog and the irregular himotoshi. LENGTH 5 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection stored in a bank vault for 40 years, collection no. 21 Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

HEIGHT 2.8 CM, LENGTH 4.2 CM Condition: Very good condition, minor expected age cracks Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman  Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

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196 AN INLAID KOKUTAN WOOD NETSUKE OF A SNAIL ON DRIFTWOOD BY GYOKKEI By Gyokkei, wood netsuke with ivory, mother of pearl and horn inlay Japan, c. 1800, Edo period (1615-1868) A snail is crawling on a rotten piece of driftwood carved from kokutan (ebony) wood. The wood is almost black while the snail (katatsumuri) is made from light, slightly brownish translucent horn. The snail shell with spiral shows great attention to detail and is lightly stained. The wood is further inlaid with tiny specks of ivory. Central green-stained ivory himotoshi on the underside and signed GYOKU-KEI (GYOKKEI) on a small inset mother-of-pearl plate. LENGTH 4.4 CM Condition: One of the feelers of the snail is slightly chipped, otherwise good condition Provenance: British private collection Literature comparison: For a similar example see George Lazarnick, Netsuke & Inro Artists (Honolulu, 1981), page 418. Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

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197 A RARE IVORY NETSUKE OF A FLOUNDER ON A PLATE Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A rare depiction of a Japanese dish in the form of a flounder garnished with bamboo leaves. The flounder is flattened, the surface is stippled and inked, and the two visible eyes are inlaid with dark horn. The underside with the himotoshi in the center. LENGTH 6.3 CM Condition: Good condition, two cracks on the underside Provenance: Bluth collection with old collector’s label Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-


198 AN EXTRAORDINARY INLAID IVORY NETSUKE OF MANY SEA CREATURES BY RYOKOSAI JUGYOKU II By Jugyoku, ivory netsuke with inlays Japan, Edo/Tokyo, late 19th century A manju-style netsuke depicting a very dense and lifelike composition of various fish and sea animals, in part also openworked. The top with a large sea bream (tai) and another fish inlaid in coral and horn respectively, and with dense sprays of leaves and further fish. Two incredibly tiny and finely carved clam shells are inlaid and the large smooth head of the octopus (tako) is shown with the face and tentacles visible on the other side. Next to the octopus are further fish and two small silverfishes inlaid in mother of pearl, as well as a shrimp (ebi). The entire composition is adorned with little metal specks and all eyes are inlaid. Clever himotoshi surrounded by tentacles on the underside, signature JUGYOKU and red kao on the flat bottom of an awabi. The artist is Ryokusai Jugyoku II from Tokyo. SIZE 4 x 4.5 CM Condition: Very good condition, only one barely noticeable chip near the coral-inlaid seabream Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman   Estimate EUR 3.000,Starting price EUR 1.500,-

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199 A FINE WOOD NETSUKE OF AN OCTOPUS Unsigned, wood netsuke Japan, 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A compact netsuke of a very good size depicting a naturalistic rendition of an octopus with bulging eyes inlaid in black horn. It is holding six of its tentacles to its bulbous and smooth head, while the two in the front are flaring outwards and touching the tentacles in the middle. The hundreds of suckers are precisely carved. The wood bearing a very attractive color and patina. The underside with more suckers and the characteristic mouth also called the ‘lantern of Aristoteles’. Natural himotoshi. HEIGHT 4.4 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection stored in a bank vault for 40 years, with old collection number written in white Auction comparison: A comparable model was sold at Van Ham, Asiatische Kunst, Cologne, 8 December 2016, lot 2346. Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

160


200 AN IMPORTANT AND LARGE WOOD NETSUKE OF A PREENING DUCK Unsigned, wood netsuke with silver inlay Japan, first half of 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A rustic but fine netsuke, dating to the first half of the 18th century, and of considerable size depicting a duck with its head turned back and preening itself with its large and smooth beak. The wood is of a very good color and is lightly stained and worn. The top edge of the wings, as well as the eyes, are inlaid with silver. The underside with the two webbed feet and large himotoshi. This netsuke has historical significance since it belongs to the rare group of netsuke dated to the early 18th century, which serve, above all, a functional purpose. The very first netsuke were basic objects such as gourd or discs, essentially any object from daily life that could be suspended on an obi (belt). Sometimes little details or himotoshi were added, but it was by no means an art form, as it is considered today. This netsuke, which is quite simple and shows wear, carved from a block of boxwood and imbued with individual character and charm while keeping a semblance of power, therefore shows an intermediary stage, one of the first ‘great netsuke’, before the respected netsukeshi of the late 18th century from Kyoto, which ultimately led to the incredibly detailed nonfunctional netsuke of the late period. In the list by Neil K. Davey he describes this netsuke as ‘a very fine and important duck’ with the remark ‘very best’ and the highest estimate of the collection. HEIGHT 4.3 CM, LENGTH 6.1 CM Condition: Very good and worn condition, one crack on the underside Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 170 Estimate EUR 3.000,Starting price EUR 1.500,-

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201 A RARE AND FINE WOOD NETSUKE OF TWO OWLS BY SOSHIN By Soshin, wood netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A wood netsuke of two owls perched on a branch. The plumage of the birds are carved extraordinarily well, and their expressions are quite amusing, with double-inlaid large and staring eyes. Both owls are slightly leaned towards each other – they are male and female, as males are known to be larger. Interestingly, owls are an emblem of ingratitude, as they are believed to be capable of devouring their own mother. Natural himotoshi through the branch. Owl netsuke are quite rare, and models are known by Mitsuhiro, Itsumin and Ikkyu, this carving is very much in the style of the latter. This netsuke is signed SOSHIN, a very rare artist. HEIGHT 5 CM Condition: Very good condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Auction comparison: Compare to a similar netsuke by Ikkyu sold at Bonhams, The Julius and Arlette Katchen Collection of Fine Netsuke Part I, London, 8 November 2016, lot 145. Literature comparison: A comparable netsuke of a parrot is illustrated in ‘Netsuke & Inro Artists and how to read their signatures’ by George Lazarnick, 1981, page 1037. Estimate EUR 1.200,Starting price EUR 600,-

202 A RARE AND FINE NETSUKE OF AN OWL ON A BRANCH BY MASAYUKI By Masayuki, wood netsuke Japan, late 19th century, Meiji period (1868-1912) A charming wood netsuke of an owl perched on a branch and looking upwards. The plumage and the gnarly structure of the branch are carved precisely and naturalistically. The large eyes are inlaid in pale translucent horn with black pupils. Owl netsuke are quite rare. Interestingly, owls are an emblem of ingratitude, as they are believed to be capable of devouring their own mother. The carving very much in the style of Itsumin and the himotoshi are found on the underside of the branch. Signed MASAYUKI. HEIGHT 4 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: German private collection Auction comparison: For a similar netsuke in the style of Itsumin see Bonhams, Fine Japanese and Korean Art, New York, 15 March 2017, lot 6178. Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

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203 A FINE IVORY NETSUKE OF A QUAIL ON MILLET AFTER OKATOMO Signed Okatomo, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, late 18th to early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A compact and accomplished study of a quail on two millet heads, the leaves going up the side of the quail (uzura). The quail represents martial spirit and is also a symbol of poverty. Quail and millet together are a symbol for autumn. The plumage of the quail is naturalistically carved, as well as the millet with its smooth leaves. Natural himotoshi and signature located one of the leaves OKATOMO.

204 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF TWO QUAILS BY KAGETOSHI By Kagetoshi, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, first half of the 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) Two quails (uzura) and millet, a subject known primarily from Okatomo of Kyoto but executed here by Kagetoshi in his distinctive style, namely an ovoid spherical shape with much openwork, worked in sukashi-bori (a carving style which he became famous for), the millet (awa) partly over the two quails. The motif of quail and millet symbolizes the fall season. All details are precisely carved, the netsuke has an optimally rounded shape, natural himotoshi on the underside between the millet spikes, beside the signature KAGETOSHI within a rectangular reserve.

HEIGHT 2.2 CM, LENGTH 3.7 CM HEIGHT 2.7 CM, LENGTH 3.4 CM Condition: One eye has been replaced, otherwise excellent condition Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 47 Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 141 Auction comparison: For another quail and millet netsuke by Kagetoshi see Christie’s, Japanese Art and Design, London, 12 May 2010, lot 122. Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

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205 A VERY RARE HORNBILL IVORY NETSUKE OF A COCKEREL AND HEN Unsigned, hornbill ivory netsuke Japan, late 19th century Hornbill ivory netsuke (from the helmeted hornbill or rhinoplax vigil) are very rare and difficult to carve, as the material tends to be unforgiving and the natural shape of the bill often must be incorporated into the work, depending on what section of the beak is used. The shape of the beak is recognizable in this netsuke, with the tapering end being wafer-thin, and the red section of the bill being expressed on the sides. The two birds are huddled side by side looking askance at each other. The plumage is very well carved, himotoshi on the reverse and the eyes inlaid with the red material from the horn. HEIGHT 5 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection Auction comparison: For another netsuke carved from this rare material see Bonhams, The Julius and Arlette Katchen Collection of Fine Netsuke Part III, London, 6 November 2018, lot 62. Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

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206 A FINE NETSUKE OF AN EAGLE SNATCHING A FOX BY CHIKUYOSAI TOMOCHIKA By Tomochika, ivory netsuke Japan, Edo, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A fine ivory netsuke of an eagle firmly grasping a helpless fox in its talons. The reverent bird of prey has a fierce expression, its head is slightly tilted downwards, and its beak is opened. The feather-work of the eagle is executed masterfully. The little fox is crafted quite sensitively with a terrified expression, one claw covering its eye – one truly feels sorry for the little fox and hopes that perhaps it can trick itself out of its demise, as foxes are known to have magical powers. The himotoshi on the back of the eagle and the signature in a wavy reserve on the underside of the fox TOMOCHIKA. HEIGHT 3.3 CM Condition: The ivory slightly and characteristically worn, very good condition Provenance: British private collection Auction comparison: For another example by Tomochika see Bonhams, The Edward Wrangham Collection of Japanese Art Part IV, London, 6 November 2013, lot 61. Estimate EUR 1.200,Starting price EUR 600,-

207 A DELICATE IVORY NETSUKE OF A FOX BY RANSEN By Ransen, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A sensitively and delicately crafted depiction of a fox, possibly the Inari fox which is the messenger of the Inari Okami, one of the principal Kami of Shinto. The charming little fox is licking its tail which curls around to its side. The fur is incised masterfully, and the ivory is lightly stained and of a very good color. The shoulder bones and the rib cage are well pronounced, and the eyes are inlaid in reddish horn. The fox has an adorable expression with small pointed ears and long snout. The legs are carved splendidly as well, small and fragile, the smallest details achieved magnificently. Natural himotoshi and the signature found underneath the tail RANSEN. A rare artist from the Rantei school of Kyoto. HEIGHT 2.8 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: European private collection Auction comparison: For another netsuke by the artist see Bonhams, The Edward Wrangham Collection of Japanese Art Part II, London, 10 May 2011, lot 126. Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

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208 AN EXCELLENT IVORY NETSUKE OF A WOLF WITH RASHOMON ARM BY YAMAGUCHI OKATOMO By Okatomo, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, late 18th to early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A masterfully carved ivory netsuke of a bulky wolf, also referred to as a yama-inu (literally mountain dog) as the wolf was not native to Japan. The rib cage and spine are powerfully expressed, and the wolf places one paw on the severed arm of the Rashomon demon, probably not the most nutritious food for the hungry animal. The fur is incised with incredible skill and the ivory has a very attractive yellow hue. The wolf has a wild expression – the ears are laid back, the large pupils are inlaid in dark horn and the mouth is opened greedily, showing the teeth. The underside is carved exceptionally as well, with the tail curling up to the front, and welldetailed paws, one of them with the signature OKATOMO in a rectangular reserve. Natural himotoshi. HEIGHT 3.6 CM, LENGTH 4.7 CM Condition: A section of the lower jaw has been restored, otherwise very good condition with an appealing patina Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 101 Literature comparison: A very similar or possibly the same model of a wolf with Rashomon arm is illustrated in The Meinertzhagen Card Index on Netsuke in the Archives of the British Museum Part B, Frederick Meinertzhagen (edited by George Lazarnick), New York, 1986, page 620. Estimate EUR 4.000,Starting price EUR 2.000,-

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209 A GOOD IVORY NETSUKE OF AN EMACIATED WOLF WITH VENISON HAUNCH BY TOMOTADA By Tomotada, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, late 18th to early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A powerful and very expressive netsuke of an emaciated wolf or yama-inu. Large inlaid eye and opened mouth showing the sharp rows of teeth, as it craves for the haunch of venison, which it holds down with its paw. The fur is carved exceptionally well, and the shoulder bones, ribs and spine are particularly highlighted. When comparing this netsuke to the wolf by Okatomo no. 208, this wolf by Tomotada comes across considerably more emaciated, which is fitting, since it has finally found something edible, unlike the other wolves in this catalog. The signature TOMOTADA is located on the right hindleg in a rectangular reserve. HEIGHT 3.6 CM, LENGTH 4 CM Condition: Very good condition, the wear consistent with the age; the left eye looks to have been replaced Provenance: French private collection Estimate EUR 3.000,Starting price EUR 1.500,-

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210 A POWERFUL WOOD NETSUKE OF A WOLF WITH A SKULL Unsigned, wood netsuke Japan, 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The wolf (okami) with a skull is a common motif in netsuke art, found in the works of Tomotada and Yoshinaga among others. The skull originates either from the battlefield of Musashi or it is the wolf of Kozukahara, the execution grounds near Edo, both places being near Tokyo. The wolf is large as well as finely and expressively carved, the reddish wood polished to a shine and with black staining for contrast. “Okami” for wolf is homophonous to Okami, meaning “great god”, as the wolf used to be called out of respect for the animal. Natural himotoshi between the legs and through the skull. A powerful and early netsuke in the style of Tomotada. HEIGHT 3.6 CM, LENGTH 5.5 CM Condition: One of the lower incisors is chipped otherwise good condition with minor wear and a good patina Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 105 Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-

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211 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF A WOLF AND MONKEY ATTRIBUTED TO MITSUHARU Unsigned, attributed to Mitsuharu, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, late 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868) An emaciated and hungry wolf, with pronounced rib cage, is holding a monkey down with his left front paw, his tail curling from the back to the front. The wolf has a grotesque expression and the eyes are inlaid in reddish horn, as are the monkey’s in black horn. The subject is a different take on the classic emaciated wolf subject, instead of the usual inanimate objects such as a tortoise shell, the wolf is depicted with a struggling live monkey. The treatment of the fur is consistent with other works by the Kyoto master Mitsuharu, as is the power and expression. Unsigned and natural himotoshi. HEIGHT 4.4 CM Condition: Very good condition, wear consistent with age Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-

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212 A RARE IVORY NETSUKE OF A HUNGRY WOLF WITH LOQUATS Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A rare netsuke of a wolf, with a crazed expression, the eyes inlaid with red horn and the mouth opened with its tongue stretched out and revealing its sharp teeth, as it craves for something edible. The wolf has its paws on a branch of loquats with the leaf going up his side, however this will probably not sate his hunger. The emaciated wolf’s body has quite angular proportions and the spine is very sharp leading to the bushy tail, which curls up under the body and over to the side. Very good patina; natural himotoshi. HEIGHT 4.2 CM Condition: Very good condition, excellent patina, expected age cracks Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 95 Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-

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213 A VERY FINE AND RARE IVORY INGYO NETSUKE OF A DEER Unsigned, ivory ingyo (seal) netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) An ingyo-netsuke with a square seal block on which a finely spotted deer (shika) stands. This deer is considered a messenger of the gods (kami no tsukai) in Kasuga shrine in Nara Prefecture. Its head is leaning down with finely carved antlers and inlaid eyes, the four fragile legs are carved extremely delicately. The underside shows four characters incised back-to-front as well as remnants of seal paste. HEIGHT 3.6 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: Bluth collection with old label Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

214 A GOOD WOOD NETSUKE OF A RECUMBENT DEER Unsigned, wood netsuke Japan, first half of the 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) Deer are seen as divine messengers in Shinto, particularly in Kasuga Shrine in Nara Prefecture, where they act as shinshi, also called kami no tsukai, and have become a symbol of the city of Nara. They are also considered the only animal that can find the Mushroom of Immortality. A characterful depiction with large antlers, a delicate snout and dense fur pattern. Dark color and fine dark, patina. The underside shows a lively leg composition as well as strikingly large himotoshi, a sign of an early and used piece. LENGTH 4.3 CM Condition: Very good condition Provenance: Austrian private estate Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

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215 A FINE IVORY NETSUKE OF A RECUMBENT DEER Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, first half of the 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A very sensitive, animated and finely elegant depiction of a spotted deer (shika). The deer has its head turned back with a friendly face with black inlaid eyes and long curved antlers attached on the back. The leg composition on the underside is appealing. Good himotoshi on the underside. The deer is considered a messenger of the gods (kami no tsukai) in Kasuga shrine in Nara Prefecture. It is also the only animal that can find the elusive reishi mushroom. The deer also lives in the paradise of endless life, a rocky island called Horaizan. HEIGHT 2.7 CM, LENGTH 4.4 CM Condition: Very good condition, the surface of the ivory slightly worn, and one eye is not original Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-

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216 A FINE AND RARE EBONY WOOD NETSUKE OF A CAT EATING A RAT Unsigned, wood netsuke Japan, 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868) An early kokutan (ebony) wood netsuke depicting a bulky cat (neko) feasting on a little rat which it holds between its front-paws. The fur is finely incised, and the arched back is impressively and naturalistically achieved, the expressed spine leading to the tail which goes under the body and merges with one of the paws. The underside with good detail as well and very large and beautiful himotoshi. Cats are feared by Taoists who regard it as a demon who has taken the place of an old woman. LENGTH 4.7 CM Condition: Very good condition, one of the paws shows a slightly different color in the wood, but is original Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 118 Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

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217 A RARE IVORY NETSUKE OF A CAT AND A SMALL MONKEY Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, first half of the 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The large, recumbent cat (neko) forms a circle, its long tail does so as well. It is wearing a collar and appears to be quite pleased. A small monkey, tiny compared to the cat, is climbing on its back, and holds a peach in its paw, a symbol of longevity. The composition reminds one of the classic sarumawashi motif shown in catalog no. 143. Cats were brought into Japan from the 10th century from Japan, were favorite animals at the court and received nobility status. Very well-rounded composition, fine patina, very large himotoshi on the underside. HEIGHT 2.1 CM, LENGTH 3.8 CM Condition: Very good condition with few age cracks and stunning patina, especially on the underside Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 33  Estimate EUR 1.200,Starting price EUR 600,-

218 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF A SLEEPING CAT ON A FAN Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A charming ivory netsuke of a sleeping housecat on a pumpkin-shaped fan. The facial features of the cat (neko) are crafted sensitively, with closed eyes and peaceful expression. The fur is incised precisely and the tail curls around its two paws which are touching the handle of the fan. The underside with good and large himotoshi, one of them in the shape of a kidney. Neko is also the nickname for a Geisha. LENGTH 4.2 CM Condition: Minor imperfections and age cracks around the belly of the cat, otherwise very good condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

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219 AN UNUSUAL KYOTO-SCHOOL IVORY NETSUKE OF A DOMESTICATED CHUBBY CAT Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, late 18th to early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The chubby cat is seated upright with pointed ears and large eyes inlaid in black horn. The cat is wearing a collar, indicating it is domesticated, and the frowning cat’s expression is quite enigmatic. The ivory of a very good color with a fine patina and the cleverly placed large and irregular himotoshi through one of the legs.

220 A SMALL IVORY NETSUKE OF A CAT WITH RAT Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The domesticated cat, wearing a collar, has caught a rat in its mouth. The ivory is stained and the fur is incised precisely. A charming and small netsuke in seal-form set on a base, the tiny eyes of the cat are inlaid in horn and the himotoshi are located on the side and underside. HEIGHT 2.5 CM

HEIGHT 3.5 CM Condition: The tip of one ear is slightly chipped and one plugged nerve channel near the thigh Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection stored in a bank vault for 40 years, collection no. 52 Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

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221 A RARE IVORY NETSUKE OF ELEPHANTS AND PUPPIES BY MASAMITSU By Masamitsu, ivory netsuke Japan, late 19th century, Meiji period (1868-1912) This specialist for dense compositions of animal groups offers a light-hearted subject here – eight chubby puppies frolicking around and on top of an elephant, two lying under it. A second, smaller elephant is lying beside the larger one. The details are very amusing, such as the dopey face of the puppy lying underneath the elephant, another puppy biting the pachyderm’s tail, or another tucked underneath the trunk and biting its lower jaw. The ivory is stained bearing a very good color and all of the eyes are inlaid in dark horn. A very lively, dense composition on a base in the shape of a rock with himotoshi and signature MASAMITSU on the underside. HEIGHT 3.5 CM, LENGTH 5.7 CM Condition: Good condition, with minor losses to the inlaid eyes, minor surface scratches to the base and a tiny chip to one of the tusks of the larger elephant Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 124 Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

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222 A CHARMING IVORY NETSUKE OF AN ELEPHANT ON A BASE Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A quite simple and small, yet charming, netsuke depicting an elephant on a base. It has its back arched with its trunk lowered on the ground and the tail swinging to its right. Beautiful brown staining in some areas and singular himotoshi through the base. HEIGHT 3.1 CM Condition: Good, original condition, expected age cracks Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 177 Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-


223 A RARE IVORY NETSUKE OF BLIND MEN WITH AN ELEPHANT BY MASATOSHI By Masatoshi, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) An ivory netsuke of five minutely carved tiny blind men all over the elephant – one is touching the ear, another by the tail, one is on top and two are on top of each other by its side, trying to climb up. The comparatively huge elephant is well-carved, particularly the folds of his skin, and has a powerful expression.The ends of the saddle are inlaid with various precious stones. Signed underneath on the base, next to the central himotoshi, MASATOSHI. Depicted is an old parable on truth and subjective interpretation. A group of blind men are touching and feeling an elephant for the first time and are trying to describe it. In the parable each man is feeling only one separate part of the elephant, such as the tusk, tail or side of the elephant. They then come together and discuss their version but find out that every man has a completely different view of what the elephant is, and they end up arguing and quarrelling, as they suspect dishonesty from the other men. It is an allusion to humans interpreting limited subjective experiences as absolute truths, and sometimes even violently defending them.

224 A WOOD NETSUKE OF A CAPARISONED ELEPHANT ON A BASE Unsigned, wood netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A wood netsuke depicting a caparisoned elephant with a jovial expression standing on a base. The ornately decorated saddle is well-carved, as are the many skin folds and clawed feet. Singular central himotoshi through the base. HEIGHT 3.6 CM Condition: Very good and original condition Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 106 Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

HEIGHT 3.5 CM Condition: Good condition, minor expected age cracks Provenance: French private collection Literature: Compare to a similar netsukein the Baur collection, Marie-Therese Coullery and Martin S. Newstead, Geneve, 1977, page 374, C 1194. Compare to a similar netsuke in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, accession number 10.211.900 (also on the cover of the publication Netsuke: Masterpieces from the Metropolitan Museum of Art). Auction comparison: A netsuke with the same motif in wood was sold at Bonhams, Fine Japanese Art, London, 16 May 2013, lot 123. Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

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MYTHS, LEGENDS AND HISTORICAL FIGURES

225 A VERY RARE IVORY NETSUKE DEPICTING KANI YAMABUSHI BY HIDEMASA By Hidemasa, ivory netsuke Japan, Osaka, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) This fine ivory netsuke by the Osaka master Hidemasa depicts a scene from the Kyogen play called ‘Kani Yamabushi’ (Crab Warrior Priest). In the play a Yamabushi is openly bragging about the new powers he has gained through meditation and ascetism, while walking with his servant. On the road they meet a crab spirit and the Yamabushi orders his servant to break the animal’s shell. In return the crab attacks the servant and the Yamabushi priest tries to save him with prayers and meditation, however, ends up getting himself caught in its pincers. In this amusing netsuke a very large crab is pinching the Yamabushi in his right earlobe, while he is holding a jingasa (war hat) in front of him. Interestingly, a horagai (conch instrument), frequently used by Yamabushi, however also relating to the crab, is depicted in front him. Natural himotoshi and signature on the underside of the large rock next to the crab HIDEMASA. Beautiful staining of the material typical for Hidemasa. HEIGHT 3.5, LENGTH 4.5 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: French private collection Estimate EUR 2.500,Starting price EUR 1.250,-

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226 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF A YAMABUSHI WARRIOR PRIEST WITH SUBORDINATE Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

227 A LARGE AND RARE WOOD NETSUKE OF THE HERO BENKEI ON A HORAGAI Unsigned, wood netsuke Japan, late 18th to early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) Published: Barry Davies, 100 Selected Pieces from The Netsuke Collection of Scott Meredith, no. 108.

The Yamabushi were an ancient monk sect, organized militarily from the 10th century. Characteristic attributes include their small octagonal hats, called tokin, as well as carrying a sword. The standing figure in this netsuke shows both of these, is dressed in ornately decorated robes and is holding a walking cane as well as prayer beads. One of his legs is on the shoulder of a man kneeling before him, probably demanding his subservience, especially considering the yamabushi’s harsh expression. Good himotoshi in the back of the kneeling figure.

This piece is large for a netsuke, most of its size is due to the trumpet conch (horagai), with the hero Benkei as a small figure on top. The structure of the conch is executed very well and the tiny eyes and the characteristic tokin cap of Benkei are inlaid in dark horn. The hero’s robe is inlaid with two ivory buttons in the back. Benkei was a Yamabushi, a warrior monk, whose symbol was the horagai. He was one of the most famous heroes during the 12th century, he would lurk on the Gojo bridge in Kyoto at night and would take the swords off of samurai returning home. At the same spot he also met the historical hero Yoshitsune, who defeated him and whose loyal follower he then became. Good and large himotoshi through the inside and outside of the conch.

HEIGHT 5.1 CM

LENGTH 8.7 CM

Condition: Very good condition Provenance: British private collection

Condition: Very good condition with an appealing patina Provenance: European private collection

Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

Estimate EUR 2.500,Starting price EUR 1.250,-

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228 A RARE WOOD NETSUKE DEPICTING KIYOHIME WITH ANCHIN TRAPPED IN THE BELL OF DOJO-JI Unsigned, wood netsuke Japan, Nagoya or Tsu, late 18th to early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A fine and rare wood netsuke depicting Kiyohime as a serpentine monster pursuing the priest Anchin in rage and wrapping her scaly body around the temple bell in Dojo-ji, in which Anchin is hiding. The priest Anchin fell in love with the once beautiful Kiyohime, but refrained from his passions, escaping from her which made Kiyohime transform into a dragon-like monster due to her rage. In her rage she belched a fire so great it not only melted the temple bell but also killed Anchin. The carving has influences from the Nagoya school, but the ingenious design of the Tsu school, therefore a possible candidate could be Kokei. The netsuke is exquisitely carved, the scaly body of Kiyohime appearing like the finest Nagoyaschool dragons, and her long hair is finely incised. The facial expression is expressive and malevolent, as she sticks out her tongue, about to belch fire at her rejected love. When turning the handle at the top, the aftermath of this fire breathing is visible, as the white face seen in a cracked section of the bell, turns into a face covered in black soot. The bell is carved with astonishing detail as well, the surface is painstakingly stippled. The underside with good and large himotoshi. HEIGHT 3.8 CM, LENGTH 4.5 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection, stored in a bank vault for 30 years and now offered for the first time, coming with two valuations from Neil K. Davey from 1974 & 1984, collection no. 140 Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

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229 A WOOD NETSUKE OF A DRUNKEN SHOJO BY TOMIN By Tomin, wood netsuke Japan, Tsu, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) Published: Katchen, N7, vol.2, p.105, no. K743. A fine wood netsuke depicting a drunken Shojo in front of a gigantic sakazuki (sake cup), which she has emptied. One of her distinctive attributes is her full long hair, which was crimson and was said to contain a much sought-after dye. The drunkenly laughing face as well as the thick and long hair are skillfully incised. Well-rounded shape, himotoshi between the well-carved feet and the signature TOMIN slightly hidden on her leg. Tomin was a brilliant student of Minko from the Tsu school, and in terms of refinement, stain and finish of the carving, certainly surpassed him. HEIGHT 3.3 CM Condition: Very good condition, the patina is slightly worn in some areas Provenance: Julius and Arlette Katchen collection Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

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230 A WOOD AND IVORY NETSUKE OF SHOJO DANCING BY ISSHOSAI By Isshosai, wood and ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) Shojo is drunk from sake as always and dancing with a folding fan in one hand. Her girlish face is inset with ivory. Many stories exist about Shojo, due to her name also being that of the orangutan she is also called the ghost of this animal. A characteristic feature, besides her drunkenness, is her exceptionally long hair, which in this work reaches the ground. Himotoshi on the reverse, signed ISSHOSAI.

231 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF KANZAN WITH A SCROLL Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) Kanzan was a hermit who lived on a lonely mountain in China and wrote poems, of which around 300 are known today. Jittoku was his companion who worked in the monastery kitchen. Both are easily recognizable, with a boy-like appearance like in this netsuke, which shows only Kanzan reading from a scroll. They have both become Daoist saints due to their experience of the true nature of things. A very cohesive, well-rounded figural composition, with spots of honey patina. Large and good himotoshi through the back and on the underside.

HEIGHT 4.6 CM HEIGHT 4.6 CM Condition: Very good condition Provenance: British private collection Literature comparison: Possibly the same netsuke is noted in The Meinertzhagen Card Index on Netsuke in the Archives of the British Museum Part A, Frederick Meinertzhagen (edited by George Lazarnick), New York, 1986, page 244. Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

182

Condition: Very good condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-


232 AN UNUSUAL SO SCHOOL WOOD NETSUKE OF A PINE CONE WITH JO AND UBA Unsigned, wood netsuke Japan, probably So-school, Tokyo, 20th century

233 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF URASHIMATARO ON A TURTLE BY KAGETOSHI By Kagetoshi, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

In the tale of Takasago, Jo and Uba are an old couple living in a strong and very old pine tree, representing a long and happy life. This artful and cleverly crafted netsuke is a pine cone, probably carved from a member of the famous So-school, which can be opened to reveal the happy couple with their characteristic attributes, a broom and a rake – their faces carved with great detail. The divide between the two halves of the cone is so precisely done that it can almost not be seen when closed due to the cone’s structure. Singular ringed ivory himotoshi on the underside.

An intricately openworked netsuke by Kagetoshi, who became famous for his masterful use of sukashi-bori. Urashimataro on top of the turtle (minogame) is rather small, with cascades of foaming seawater crashing over them. Taro is holding a box in one hand and a fishing rod in the other. The turtle on which he sits is actually Otohime, the daughter of Ryujin, the dragon kami of the sea. Outlined himotoshi and signature KAGETOSHI in a rectangular reserve on the underside. HEIGHT 3 CM

HEIGHT 3.8 CM Condition: Good condition, the closing mechanism is semifunctional (does not close completely) and the area around the hinge is slightly worn Provenance: British private collection   Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection Auction comparison: For a similar netsuke of Urashimataro by Kagetoshi, see Bonhams, The Julius and Arlette Katchen Collection of Fine Netsuke Part II, London, 10 May 2017, lot 32. Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

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184


234 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF SOTOBA KOMACHI Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A fine, and for the subject, quite large study of the poetess Ono no Komachi seated on a gravepost (sotoba). Ono no Komachi was one of the Rokkasen, the six great poets of the 9th century. She is depicted here as an old woman, her beauty faded, with tattered clothes and holding a walking cane. Next to her is her characteristic large hat, worn and tattered, and a basket of fruit, which she has collected from bypassing travelers. The grain of the sotoba is achieved masterfully, as are the detailed robes and facial features – Komachi has several wrinkles and is exclaiming. The ivory bearing a beautiful patina and color. Himotoshi through the underside and through a ‘natural opening’ of the gravepost.

235 A VERY SMALL AND RARE MARINE IVORY NETSUKE OF SOTOBA KOMACHI Unsigned, marine ivory netsuke Japan, mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) An extraordinarily small netsuke carved from a rare material. Ono no Komachi, one of the great 6 poets of 9th century (Rokkasen), is seated on a grave post, smiling gleefully. She is holding her straw hat over her shoulder and a basket to her right. A single inscribed character on the sotoba and the grain of the grave post is wellcarved. Small himotoshi on the base. HEIGHT 2.4 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection

HEIGHT 4.2 CM, LENGTH 5.3 CM Condition: Excellent condition, beautiful patina Provenance: British private collection, collection no. 176 on the base

Estimate EUR 1.200,Starting price EUR 600,-

Estimate EUR 1.200,Starting price EUR 600,-

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236 AN UNUSUAL AND RARE BRONZE AND IVORY MANJU STYLE NETSUKE DEPICTING THE BUNBUKU CHAGAMA BY HIROMITSU By Hiromitsu, bronze and ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) An unusual netsuke in the form of a square two-part manju style netsuke consisting of a bronze bowl and a rectangular ivory plate with a himotoshi loop in the back. The ivory plate depicts the legend from Japanese folklore of the Bunbuku Chagama. In the legend a poor man sets a tanuki free, which in return transforms into a kettle, so that the man can perform with it on the street and become wealthy. Finely carved in shishiabori (sunken relief), the man is visibly delighted holding the tanuki tea kettle. Signature HIROMITSU in the front.

Kintaro is a Japanese folk hero, the son of a high-ranking officer who was lost in the mountains. He was raised by an athletic yamauba (“mountain witch”) and grew so strong that he wrestled with bears. This netsuke shows him riding such a bear, holding his characteristic attribute, a large hatchet, in one hand. Kintaro, often translated as “Golden Boy”, is half-naked and rather small. The bear with a charmingly ferocious expression shows an incised fur pattern, inlaid eyes and the himotoshi are in his side. HEIGHT 3.9 CM

LENGTH 4 CM

Condition: One foot of Kintaro has been restored, the ivory is slightly worn with a good patina Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman

Condition: Very good condition, the bowl with some oxidation on the inside Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 167

Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

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237 A RARE IVORY NETSUKE OF KINTARO ON A BEAR Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)


238 A RARE IVORY NETSUKE OF SATO TADANOBU DEFINDING HIMSELF WITH A GOBAN BY MASATSUGU By Masatsugu, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A fine ivory netsuke, full of movement and the ivory bearing a very appealing color, depicting the samurai warrior Sato Tadanobu, who lived during the late Heian period. According to legend he saved the life of Minamoto no Yoshitsune and was attacked while playing a game of go (adapted from the Chinese game Weiqi) and the only weapon he had to defend himself was the go board. He fought off numerous attackers and ultimately committed seppuku, a form of ritual suicide, before his attackers could reach him. In the present netsuke he is depicted holding the go board over his shoulder and clenching his free hand into a fist. His flowing robes are ornately decorated with various decorative patterns and quite unusually he has the three-clawed feet of an oni. Large and irregular himotoshi through the back and the signature hidden between his legs and robes MASATSUGU. HEIGHT 5 CM Condition: The edge of one foot has been reattached, otherwise very good condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

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239 A RARE WOOD NETSUKE OF THE FOX MOTHER KUZUNOHA WITH CHILD Unsigned, wood netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) Another netsuke which depicts the mythical powers of the kitsune (fox). In Japanese folklore there was a nobleman named Abe no Yasuna, who battled a hunter of foxes, and set free a white fox. He sustained several wounds in the battle, however a beautiful woman named Kuzunoha came along and nursed him back to health. The woman is actually the fox he saved, taking on human form. They fall in love and get married, and have a child named Abe no Seimei. This finely carved netsuke depicts the fox mother Kuzunoha caressing the child Abe no Seimei wrapped in a cloth and holding a paintbrush, made from bone or ivory, in her mouth. Natural himotoshi between the bushy tail and left paw. HEIGHT 3.8 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 69 Auction comparison: A similar netsuke was sold at Bonhams, Fine Japanese Art, London, 17 May 2012, lot 77. Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

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MYTHICAL BEINGS

240 A TALL IVORY NETSUKE OF A FOX PRIEST Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868) Kitsune (fox) are creatures imbued with a lot of mythological meaning, as they can change forms, like a tanuki, and are believed to be animated by devils. In this netsuke the fox with a sly expression is disguised as a priest wearing the corresponding flowing robes and leaning on a large bamboo stick in a humanly way. Beautiful patina and good irregular himotoshi through the back. HEIGHT 8.6 CM Condition: The left foot has been restored, otherwise good condition with an excellent patina and few expected age cracks Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Auction comparison: For a similar netsuke see Sotheby’s, Chinese and Japanese Works of Art (Part 2), London, 8 November 2005, lot 1286. Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-

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two views

241 A RARE IVORY NETSUKE OF A TANUKI PRIEST Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A quite peculiar netsuke depicting a tanuki transformed into a priest. This netsuke shows the duality of the mythical badger’s existence as a priest, since one side shows the human form, the visible eye closed, with priestly robes, leaning on a stick and wearing a waraji which is shown on the underside. The only hint on this side is the large incisor visible in the mouth. The other side, very amusingly, shows the tanuki in all its splendor – wide open eye, as if its true form has awakened, dense fur, the ear visible in the priest’s cap, and the clothes of the priest have changed into three large and veiny lotus leaves. One paw is visible on the side and the underside with the bushy tail and another paw. Good himotoshi through the back. HEIGHT 5.5 CM Condition: Excellent condition, fine patina Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 133 Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

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242 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF A TANUKI WITH HUGE SCROTUM BY GYOKURENSAI SANSUI By Sansui, ivory netsuke with inlays Japan, Osaka, mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) An amusing ivory netsuke of a tanuki with a vastly distended scrotum – it is so large that the tanuki can lean its head on it. One side is inlaid with mother of pearl and colored wood. Tanuki were known to suffocate hunters with their giant testicles. The tanuki has an amusingly fierce expression and its tail curls around to the other side of the scrotum, where the large and irregular himotoshi are found, as well as the characteristic signature written in sosho SANSUI. Gyokurensai Sansui was a student of Rakuzan in the school of Garaku of Osaka. HEIGHT 4.3 CM Condition: Age cracks and minor wear to ivory, good condition Provenance: British private collection Literature comparison: Compare to a similar netsuke by the artist illustrated in in Netsuke & Inro Artists and how to read their signatures by George Lazarnick, 1981, page 915. Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-


243 A FINE IVORY NETSUKE OF A TANUKI PRIEST BY HOGYOKU By Hogyoku, ivory netsuke Japan, Edo, mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A fine and precisely carved work with dark brown contrasting staining of the ivory. The old crouched man has a monkey-like face, but that is not all. He is wearing a full-length garment, his hair in a bun, and is operating a barrel with one finely carved “hand”. A peak on the underside however reveals paws and a thick tail, which is not a monkey tail but that of a tanuki, which has the ability to shapeshift and could transform into a priest. Small himotoshi on the side and the signature on the underside of the barrel HOGYOKU. The artist was a student of the great Hojitsu from Edo/Tokyo.

HEIGHT 4 CM Condition: Very good condition, small nerve channel visible in the back Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 1.200,Starting price EUR 600,-

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244 AN EXCELLENT NETSUKE OF A HATCHING TENGU BY MUNECHIKA AFTER HARA SHUMIN By Munechika after Hara Shumin, wood netsuke with inlay Japan, Edo, mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A wood netsuke of a hatching tengu known as tengu no tomago. A well-detailed and incredibly fine carving – the tengu’s head emerges from the shell with finely incised hair and wearing a Yamabushi cap. The tengu has a wild expression and grasps the edge of the shell with one hand, while the other is visible on the underside. The feathery wing carved with extraordinary detail is visible inside the egg, while the other wing perforates the underside of the shell. One himotoshi ringed in greenstained ivory with the other as a pierced aperture in the form of a pine, next to a maple leaf and foliage. The wood of a very appealing color with a beautiful grain. Signed MUNECHIKA with kao. Jonas mentions a 19th century wood carver who signed Munechika, who must have been a close student of Hara Shumin, since the design is almost exactly the same as the one by Shumin and also the manner of signature and use of kao is quite similar. LENGTH 4 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 176 Auction comparison: For an almost identical example by Hara Shumin see Bonhams, Fine Japanese Art, London, 17 May 2018, lot 7. Estimate EUR 3.000,Starting price EUR 1.500,-

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245 A RARE AND EXCELLENT NETSUKE OF TENGU NO TOMAGO BY NAITO TOYOMASA (1773-1856) By Toyomasa, wood netsuke Japan, Tanba, early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) An excellent wood netsuke of a hatching tengu, known as tengu no tomago, by the celebrated Tanba artist Naito Toyomasa (1773 – 1856). The mythical creature is emerging from the cracked egg, poking out its head with curved beak and enigmatic eyes inlaid in pale translucent horn. One wing is laid out over the surface of the egg and the other is close to its body, semi-hidden inside the egg, as it is climbing out of. The plumage and hair are carved with precision and the wood is darkened and accentuated in some areas, which is typical for the artist. Himotoshi on the underside and signature in the front reading TOYOMASA. HEIGHT 4.7 CM Condition: Very good condition, one minor crack between the himotoshi Provenance: European private collection Literature comparison: Compare to a strikingly similar netsuke by Toyomasa in A Comprehensive Study Based on the M.T Hindson Collection, Neil K. Davey, London, 1982, no. 744. Estimate EUR 6.000,Starting price EUR 3.000,-

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246 AN UNUSUAL IVORY NETSUKE OF A TENGU ROLLING AN EGG BY SANKA By Sanka, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) An unusual ivory netsuke depicting a Karasu Tengu rolling an egg, which is significantly larger than him. The whole composition is set on an irregularly shaped base, with small himotoshi and signature SANKA on the underside. HEIGHT 2.5 CM, LENGTH 4 CM Condition: Good condition, one large age crack through the egg Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

247 A RARE MARINE IVORY INGYO NETSUKE OF A KIRIN Unsigned, marine ivory ingyo (seal) netsuke Japan, 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The Kirin (derived from the Chinese Qilin) is seated, the fatty tissue on his haunches and the flaming body well expressed, looking backwards with a powerful expression, which comes across as more feeble than ferocious. It is a young Kirin, distinguishable by the rather small horn, which has not yet mastered the powerful expression of the adult Kirin. With four-character seal on the base; natural himotoshi through the legs. HEIGHT 4.1 CM Condition: Very good condition with excellent patina Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 69 Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

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248 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF A RECUMBENT SHIBAYAMA SHISHI Unsigned, ivory netsuke with inlays Japan, late 19th century, Meiji period (1868-1912) The shishi’s head shows a grim expression, and the style of carving is very much reminiscent of shishi by the celebrated carver Ishikawa Rensai. Curly whiskers, mane and tail as well as tassel-shaped decorative inlays throughout in shibayama style made from precious stones and red coral. Inlays also on the flat, oval base, but made from metal and silver. The pupils are inlaid and the himotoshi are located on the underside. LENGTH 4.4 CM Condition: Good condition, with very minor losses to inlay and surface scratches to the underside of the base Provenance: Austrian private estate Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

249 A GOOD IVORY NETSUKE OF A SHISHI WITH EXPRESSIVE CURLS AND BALL Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868) An ivory netsuke of a seated shishi with a smooth ball between its large paws. It has floppy ears, reishi nose, an expressive mane which curls upwards and a bushy tail. The hairwork is incised and inked beautifully. Himotoshi through the side and underside. Very good patina. HEIGHT 3.7 CM Condition: Very good condition Provenance: Austrian private collection Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

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250 A POWERFUL KYOTO SCHOOL IVORY NETSUKE OF A SHISHI Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A bold and impressive ivory netsuke of a recumbent shishi executed in distinct Kyoto style, probably carved by an artist of the Okatomo school. The shishi has a bushy tail, mane, floppy ears and is scratching its densely bearded chin with its hind leg. The powerful expression is a mixture of a deep satisfaction and an expressively powerful snarl. The shishi’s spine and rib cage are articulated and the large himotoshi are located on the underside. HEIGHT 3.5 CM, LENGTH 5 CM Condition: The patina is slightly rubbed in some areas, and the two front legs have been reattached and fixed with a peg Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Auction comparison: A comparable shishi was sold at Bonhams, Fine Japanese Works of Art, New York, 19 March 2008, lot 5079. A comparable shishi by Okatomo was sold at Bonhams, The Harriet Szechenyi Sale of Japanese Art, London, 6 November 2011, lot 18. Estimate EUR 4.000,Starting price EUR 2.000,-

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251 AN AMUSING IVORY NETSUKE OF A PLAYFUL SHISHI Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

252 A FINE IVORY NETSUKE OF A SHISHI Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

A quite unusual and humorous representation of a squatting shishi. His pupils, inlaid in dark horn, are very large and he has a huge smile as he is visibly excited and ready to pounce on whatever he is looking at. Loose ball in the mouth, very good yellow honey patina and his bushy tail leads to the underside where the himotoshi are located.

A fine and detailed study of a shishi, with its mouth opened with a loose ball inside. The ivory of a very good color with a worn patina. Expressed spine, bushy mane and the tail with many curls and a section which flows upwards to the lion dog’s back. Good, irregular and large himotoshi on the underside. HEIGHT 2.5 CM, LENGTH 3.7 CM

HEIGHT 3.2 CM, LENGTH 4.2 CM Condition: Both hindlegs have been reattached, few age cracks, good patina - generally, in good condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

Condition: Good condition, with a fine and worn patina and few expected age cracks Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 1.200,Starting price EUR 600,-

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253 A FINE KYOTO SCHOOL IVORY NETSUKE OF A SHISHI WITH BALL AFTER OKATORI Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, late 18th to early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A fine ivory netsuke of a shishi in a remarkable pose, standing upright on one leg, placing the other leg and front paw on the smooth ball, with the other paw raised in the air. His bushy tail and mane, and the fatty tissue with pronounced decorative spirals are carved remarkably well. The lion dog has its mouth wide open with bared teeth and a snarling expression, with humorously narrow eyes inlaid in dark horn. The backside is slightly flattened, of ideally functional netsuke-shape and with a very attractive deep honey patina. Natural himotoshi. The original model is by the famous Kyoto carver Okatori, and this present work is probably carved by a pupil. HEIGHT 5.2 CM Condition: Very good condition, beautiful patina Provenance: European private collection Literature comparison: The original model by Okatori is illustrated in The Meinertzhagen Card Index on Netsuke in the Archives of the British Museum Part B, Frederick Meinertzhagen (edited by George Lazarnick), New York, 1986, page 623. Estimate EUR 2.500,Starting price EUR 1250,-

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254 A GOOD IVORY NETSUKE OF A POWERFUL SHISHI ATTRIBUTED TO MITSUHARU Unsigned, attributed to Mitsuharu, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The powerful shishi, executed in ideally rounded netsuke form, with a flowing mane and mighty curls. It is holding a large and smooth ball between its clawed paws, and has its head tilted backwards, roaring with all its might, eyes wide open with inlaid pupils of dark horn and bared teeth. The carving is unsigned, however certainly attributed to the workshop of Mitsuharu, who was famous, amongst other carvings, for his shishi, which are unique in their style, expression and power. Good and large himotoshi through the bottom and side and loose ball in the mouth of the mythical beast.

HEIGHT 4.4 CM Condition: Good condition, the patina somewhat rubbed Provenance: European private collection, formerly the collection of His Royal Highness Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester (1900-1974), sold at Christie’s London, 12th-13th July 2006, lot 661 Estimate EUR 2.500,Starting price EUR 1250,-

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255 A VERY RARE INLAID WOOD NETSUKE OF A TENNIN Unsigned, wood netsuke with inlays of mother of pearl, coral and malachite Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) Neil Davey describes this tennin as a ‘choice figure’, which perhaps may even be an understatement, as not only is the subject quite rare, this variant in wood and with inlays is something that may only exist once. The tennin is carved from an attractive piece of wood with a good color and fine grain. She is depicted, as usual, holding a large lotus bud and flying with heavenly garlands surrounding her. The entire carving is inlaid with mother of pearl, some of them with incised cloud patterns, coral and malachite. Her hair is neatly arranged into a top bun held together by a tiara, the central jewel inlaid in coral. Small himotoshi on the underside. HEIGHT 2.9 CM, LENGTH 4.3 CM Condition: Good condition, with a fine and worn patina and few expected age cracks Provenance: British private collection, stored in a bank vault for 30 years and now offered for the first time, coming with two valuations from Neil K. Davey from 1974 & 1984, collection no. 20, additionally an old collection label ‘F 99’ Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

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256 A RARE WALNUT NETSUKE OF A LUNAR HARE Unsigned, walnut netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) Carving a whole nut in relief is quite an artistic feat due to its difficulty. The top side shows a dense image of a running rabbit (usagi) with exaggeratedly long ears, surrounded by rocks and plants, underneath the crescent moon, surely an allusion to the legendary moon rabbit, or lunar hare. Also, the rabbit is running across densely carved sprays of waves, another allusion to the moon, as the moons reflection is visible in the water. The reverse with a finely carved brocade pattern and one silver-outlined and one heart-shaped himotoshi. LENGTH 3.7 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: German private collection Estimate EUR 1.200,Starting price EUR 600,-

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257 A VERY RARE IVORY NETSUKE OF A MERMAID ON CLAM SHELL Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A very rare netsuke depicting a mermaid (ningyo) armed with a sickle and lying on top of an awabi shell. The ningyo is depicted, as usual, with a naked female upper body, with finely crafted and subtle facial features, and the lower body as a long tail, like that of a fish. The structure of the awabi, with the characteristic openings on the side, is executed precisely. Interestingly, mermaids are known to have listened to the sea shells to hear the secrets of the sea, and the awabi is also known as an ear shell. The underside with beautiful honey-patina, large himotoshi and wonderful sensual structure of the smooth mollusk. HEIGHT 2.6, LENGTH 4.6 CM Condition: Expected age cracks, one through the right arm, beautiful patina - generally, in very good condition Provenance: The 40-Year collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 1.200,Starting price EUR 600,-

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258 A FINE MARINE IVORY NETSUKE OF A NAMAZU WITH MAN Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The namazu is a mythological creature, a giant catfish that causes earthquakes when it moves. The only way to calm it is by using a magical double-gourd (hyotan). This netsuke also shows a man, naked except for a loincloth and without the hyotan, his hands laid on the fish, evidently attempting to calm it, but without the gourd a futile endeavor. The namazu’s eyes are inlaid with dark horn, large and appear lurking. Himotoshi on the underside. LENGTH 4.6 CM Condition: Good condition, beautiful patina, possibly one eye replaced Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-


SHOKI AND ONI

259 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF AN ONI POLISHING A SOJOBO MASK BY TOMOMASA By Tomomasa, ivory netsuke with inlays Japan, Edo, mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

260 A FINE IVORY NETSUKE OF A REPENTANT ONI WITH NIO BY SHUNKA By Shunka, ivory netsuke Japan, probably Tokyo, late 19th century, Meiji period (1868-1912)

An unusual rendition of a classic model by the Edo/Tokyo artist Tomomasa. A slightly crouched oni wearing a tiger-skin loincloth, with a tobacco pouch and ashtray netsuke (with mother of pearl inlay) tied to his obi, is polishing the mask of the tengu-king Sojobo. The oni has a muscular body and legs, with bangles made from horn around his arms. He is malevolently snarling, with visible fangs for teeth, and minutely inlaid eyes. The tengu king’s facial expression is carved powerfully as well with a poignantly pointed nose and inlaid eyes. Himotoshi through the bridge on the back of the Sojobo mask and the signature on the loincloth TOMOMASA seki.

A fine and fragile carving – depicted is a kneeling oni applying moxa, in the form of a burning hot needle, to a Nio. The guardian deity is lying down resting his head on his hand and seems to be undisturbed by the application of moxa to his leg, as his expression is that of a typical Nio. The oni is repentant as moxibustion was part of the ordination process for Buddhist monks in Japan. Note the very fine details of the carving – the garlands of the Nio, the individual fingers and toes and the decorations of the garments, as well as the carefully carved expressions. Natural himotoshi and signature on the back SHUNKA. The carving bears some resemblance to Tomomasa.

HEIGHT 4.2 CM

HEIGHT 2.6 CM, LENGTH 5 CM

Condition: One horn is chipped, minor age cracks, otherwise very good condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman

Condition: Very good condition, only one very minor chip to one of the toes of the oni Provenance: A European private collection

Auction comparison: For a similar netsuke by the artist see Bonhams, Fine Japanese Works of Art, New York, 20 March 2012, lot 2096.

Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

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261 AN EXCELLENT IVORY NETSUKE OF A BATHING ONI BY KIHODO MASAKA By Masaka, ivory netsuke Japan, Osaka, late 19th century to early 20th century, Meiji period (1868-1912) An ivory netsuke of an oni seated in a shallow basket filled with water and washing himself with a towel. One leg is tucked under his body and the other is hanging out. The muscular oni has long curly hair and short and sharp horns and the facial expression is magnificently detailed and remarkably sensitive and benevolent, which is unusual for depictions of oni. The oni is figuratively washing himself from his sins against Buddhism, the waraji next to the bucket are another indication of the ‘humanity’ of the devil. The underside with the oni’s loincloth and the two himotoshi, as well as the signature MASAKA to. Works by Kihodo Masaka were bought by the Meiji Emperor, Prince Komatsu and Prince Arisuga. HEIGHT 3.5 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: European private collection Literature comparison: Compare to a similar netsuke by the artist published in Expressions of Style: Netsuke as Art, Scholten Japanese Art, New York, August 2001, no. 65. Estimate EUR 5.000,Starting price EUR 2.500,-

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205


262 A RARE SO SCHOOL WOOD NETSUKE OF A PRIESTESS WITH ONI NEMBUTSU Unsigned, attributed to So-school, wood netsuke Japan, Tokyo, late 19th to early 20th century, Meiji period (1868-1912)

263 A FINE WOOD NETSUKE OF AN ONI NEMBUTSU BY MASAMITSU By Masamitsu, wood netsuke with ivory, bone, mother of pearl, lacquer and metal inlays Japan, late 19th century, Meiji period (1868-1912)

A fine wood netsuke with rich Buddhist symbolism – a temple bell lying on the ground, the suspension with oppositely arranged dragon heads like on a mokugyo. An oni, fully dressed in a monk’s attire, sits beside the bell, holding a paper lantern and a mallet with a drum suspended around his neck. He has accepted the Buddhist teachings. A priestess with a large hat stands behind the demon, the garment folds are finely executed, and she is holding a large scepter draped over her shoulder. Finely and precisely executed details, the oni’s eyes white and inlaid. Natural himotoshi.

An oni with horns on its head, blissfully and earnestly looking up towards the heavenly sky. This oni wants to renounce its demonic ways and become a devout Buddhist. It is carrying a parasol with bone handle as well as a sagemono pouch and has a block for donations in front of it, with a netsuke made from glass attached to it, showing the characters Hogacho, reffering to a Buddhist subscription list. The oni’s muscular, naked torso is well-crafted, the horns, fangs and eyes are inlaid, the sagemono pouch which is attached to his obi is made from bone or antler, the himotoshi are outlined in mother of pearl and green-stained ivory and the loincloth shows the signature MASAMITSU on an inlaid red-lacquer tablet on the underside. Possibly this is the Masamitsu who made lacquer netsuke mentioned in MCI as carver no.6 on page 433.

HEIGHT 4.4 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection

HEIGHT 4.3 CM

206

Auction comparison: For an oni nembutsu in similar style by Ouchi Sosui see Bonhams, Fine Japanese Art, London, 8 November 2018, lot 13.

Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection

Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-


264 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF A FARMER WITH A HEAVY BAG OF ONI BY RYUKEI II By Ryukei, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

The large bag is heavy, as it contains several oni (demons), two of which are peaking out of holes in the bag and looking quite wicked. Strictly speaking, the oni would be far too clever to be captured by this farmer or any mortal, as even the famous Shoki had enough trouble with them – but he is happy with his catch and appears to be considering the price for demons at the market. The farmer has a beard and is wearing a headscarf. Himotoshi on the underside, signed RYUKEI with characteristic kakihan next to one of the oni’s faces. The artist is Ryukei II, who was active from 1830-1870, and Jugyoku was said to have been his pupil. LENGTH 3.7 CM Condition: Very good condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of London Gentleman Literature comparison: Compare to a netsuke in similar style depicting the Bunbuku Chagama in The Meinertzhagen Card Index on Netsuke in the Archives of the British Museum Part B, Frederick Meinertzhagen (edited by George Lazarnick), New York, 1986, page 676. Auction comparison: A similar netsuke by Ryusai was sold at Zacke, Fine Netsuke, Sagemono & Okimono, Vienna, 24 November 2018, lot 126. Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

265 A FINE IVORY NETSUKE OF AN ONI PROTECTING HIMSELF DURING ONI-YARAI Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, Edo, mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A fine netsuke depicting an oni holding a tattered straw hat with both hands over his back. The oni is being pelted with roasted beans, visible on the straw hat, referencing the oni-yarai festival (also known as setsubun), which happens during the spring festival and is a rite to drive away evil spirits. The ivory is lightly stained, and the carving is superbly detailed. The patterns on the straw hat are carved exquisitely. Also note the crisply carved clawed hands and feet of the oni. The horned demon has an anguished expression with inlaid eyes of dark horn. Natural himotoshi. Probably carved by a member of the Ikkosai school from Edo/Tokyo. HEIGHT 3.2 CM Condition: Minor age cracks, good condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

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266 A FINE AND RARE WOOD NETSUKE OF AN ONI TRAPPING SHOKI BY KANO TOMOKAZU By Tomokazu, wood netsuke with inlays Japan, Gifu, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A dramatic scene showing a muscular oni trapping the famous demon hunter Shoki in a basket. The clawed demon dressed in a loin cloth is on top of the large basket and turning the netsuke reveals the grim demon queller crammed into the small basket. His eyes and the buttons on his garment are inlaid in ivory and the hilt of his sword and his pupils are inlaid in black horn. A striking detail is that the sword actually perforates through the basket to the other side. The oni’s facial expression is quite amusing, menacing but also signifying his satisfaction, having finally captured the great Shoki, who looks helpless on the other side. Natural himotoshi between Shoki’s legs, signed TOMOKAZU in a rounded reserve. The artist Kano Tomokazu originated from Gifu. HEIGHT 3 CM, LENGTH 3.9 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Auction comparison: Compare to an almost identical netsuke by Tomokazu sold at Quinn’s Auction Galleries, The Mang Collection of Japanese Art, Falls Church, 7 December 2012, lot 281 Literature comparison: Another similar model by the artist is illustrated with a line drawing in The Meinertzhagen Card Index on Netsuke in the Archives of the British Museum Part B, Frederick Meinertzhagen (edited by George Lazarnick), New York, 1986, page 901 Estimate EUR 4.000,Starting price EUR 2.000,-

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267 A POWERFUL IVORY NETSUKE OF SHOKI AFTER TOMOTADA Signed Tomotada, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

268 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF THE DEMON HUNTER SHOKI Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, late 18th to early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

The demon queller, wearing a large hat with inlaid horn filial, is shown holding a straight downwards-pointing ken sword and fondling his long and flowing beard. His expression is grim, as he is thinking about hunting an oni, which is his (rather unsuccessful) trade. Shoki has inlaid eyes of black horn and his garments are flowing and decorated with stylized clouds. The backside with a good patina and the himotoshi through the underside of the scabbard, as well as the signature TOMOTADA in a rectangular reserve, however the work of a pupil. A rare motif for the school.

Shoki the Demon queller is a popular netsuke motif. He always has a fierce expression, a full beard as well as a straight Chinese ken sword, as he originates from China, where he is known as Zhong Kui; after he banished the fever ghosts haunting the Emperor Xuanzong, he was appointed imperial demon hunter. In this netsuke Shoki is shown looking upwards with a powerful expression, eyes wide-opened, with a bifurcated flowing beard. His robes are ornately decorated with reishi-shaped stylized clouds and the large and irregular himotoshi, showing signs of wear, are on the backside.

HEIGHT 6.2 CM HEIGHT 6.2 CM Condition: A section of the hat has been restored, few age cracks otherwise good condition with an appealing patina Provenance: The 40-Year collection of a London Gentleman Auction comparison: For another netsuke after Tomotada of a Shoki see Lempertz, Netsuke aus der Sammlung Kolodotschko Teil I, Cologne, 14 Juni 2016, lot 137. Estimate EUR 1.200,Starting price EUR 600,-

210

Condition: One side of the beard is chipped, the himotoshi show wear, very fine patina Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-


269 A TALL IVORY NETSUKE OF SHOKI AND ONI Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, Kyoto, 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The demon queller Shoki, dressed in flowing Chinese robes, is holding an oni aloft over his shoulder and behind his back. Shoki is exclaiming with a powerful expression while the oni’s expression is amusingly grim, he is visibly annoyed that he has been caught and is flailing his legs and pulling on the demon hunter’s beard. Considerable care has been taken in the carving of the garments, with fine folds and decorations of stylized clouds and cross-etched patterns on the sleeves. The composition is full of movement – Shoki is standing on one leg, as if he was dancing and presenting to us this stately specimen of an oni. Straight ken sword on his back next to the large and irregular himotoshi which show some wear. HEIGHT 7.8 CM Condition: Few age cracks and a very good patina, especially to the backside - very good condition Provenance: European private collection Estimate EUR 2.500,Starting price EUR 1.250,-

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STILL LIFE

270 AN IVORY NETSUKE OF A SKELETON BY SHOZAN By Shozan, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A technically perfect, hollowed skeleton (honegumi) in a characteristic pose, as corpses were placed in small boxes, the head resting on the knees in a meditative and embryonic pose as preparation for reincarnation. This is impressively evoked through the skeleton’s facial expression, as it is quite alive. Himotoshi in the pelvis, beside a finely incised signature SHOZAN. HEIGHT 5.8 CM Condition: Age cracks, good condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

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271 A RARE IVORY NETSUKE OF A SAKADARU AND SAKE CUP Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

272 A WOOD NETSUKE OF A GROUP OF COINS Unsigned, wood netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

A beautiful still-life netsuke, imbued with a lot of meanings, depicting a sake barrel (sakadaru). The top is inscribed with the character Ju 壽 for “long life” on the front, which also is found in the names of the deities Fukurokuju and Jurojin. A sake bowl beneath this character, from which the scent of the spirit rises. A ladle and a fan are also shown. Singular himotoshi through the back.

Five piles of five coins each on top of each other with a square hole in the center, except for one group with a circular hole. Different line patterns are neatly incised, and the wood is colored. Natural himotoshi. LENGTH 6.1 CM

HEIGHT 3.8 CM

Condition: Good condition Provenance: British private collection, old inventory no.

Condition: Excellent condition with a very appealing patina Provenance: British private collection

Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

213


273 A FINE IVORY NETSUKE OF A BAMBOO STALK VESSEL Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A finely polished, elegant netsuke of a vessel made from a bamboo stalk, the inside hollowed out very well. The simplicity of the design coupled with the beautiful stain and exceptionally fine carving is reminiscent of works by Osaka artist Ohara Mitsuhiro. Bamboo (take) is a symbol of loyalty and longevity, as it is flexible and tough but of a poetic appearance. The bamboo leaves in high relief on the front evoke this idea particularly well. Singular himotoshi on the reverse.

274 AN EARLY IVORY NETSUKE OF A SNAIL, GOURDS AND BEEHIVE Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 18th century, Edo period (1615-1868) An unusual, early and dense composition depicting a still-life scene with two double-gourds, one smaller and slightly caved in, with a gnarly branch between them, and crowned by a circular roof with a snail on top, its shell a striking spiral and its body bending like snake. In-between what resembles sections of a beehive. Very large himotoshi and fine honey patina. HEIGHT 3.7 CM

HEIGHT 3.6 CM

214

Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 57

Condition: Possibly a small chip to the edge of the snail, a section in the front is lost, many age cracks, general wear, especially around the himotoshi; very appealing patina Provenance: British private collection

Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-


275 A FINE IVORY NETSUKE OF FIVE MUSHROOMS Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) An elongated ivory netsuke with five mushrooms in various positions, all picked and their stalks forming an arch, which can also be used as himotoshi. The caps are smooth and very precisely carved on the underside with radial gills, which are darkly colored, as are the little tears and irregularities on the edges of the caps. The surface of the caps are stained to highlight the beautiful grain of the ivory. LENGTH 6 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection

277 A MARINE IVORY NETSUKE OF A GROUP OF SEALS Unsigned, marine ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

Several seals piled on top of each other. The characters are not names but represent certain ideas, such as “keeping the faith” at the top, or “fostering honesty” above the single small character Fuku, meaning “good fortune”. Cleverly placed himotoshi on the reverse. HEIGHT 4.3 CM Condition: Good condition, minor cracks and imperfections of the material Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 500,Starting price EUR 250,276 A WOOD NETSUKE OF A BROWN SHIMEJI MUSHROOM Unsigned, wood netsuke Japan, mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The mushroom cap is smooth on top, the wood with fine black-brown mottling. The underside shows precisely carved radial gills as well as the characteristically bulbous stem,

which also offers a cord hole. Very appealing, compact shape. LENGTH 4.2 CM Condition: Good condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 500,Starting price EUR 250,-

215


MANJU NETSUKE

278 A FINE INLAID IVORY MANJU NETSUKE OF A MAN DRINKING SAKE BY MINJO By Minjo, ivory manju netsuke with silver, gold, shakudo and horn Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) An autumnal maple tree with red leaves, under which a man is seated with a sake cup in front of him, the gilt bottle beside him. A rake lies right in front of the man, suggesting him to be a temple servant who is enjoying a break after raking leaves on the palace grounds. Behind him a fire in which the raked leaves are burning. Inlays with horn, shakudo, silver and gold. Signed MINJO with kakihan, on the reverse in an inlaid metal plaque. Minjo was a known metalwork artist who made mostly fine kagamibuta.

279 A FINE INLAID IVORY MANJU NETSUKE OF A FISHERMAN WITH HIS BOAT BY SERIZAWA RYUMIN By Ryumin, manju netsuke, ivory and inlays of gold, silver, shakudo, cloisonné, mother of pearl and horn Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

280 A FINE INLAID IVORY MANJU NETSUKE WITH SPRING FLOWERS BY MEIKEISAI HOJITSU By Meikeisai, manju netsuke, ivory and inlays Japan, Edo, mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

A double-part manjugata depicting a fisherman carrying his heavy boat to the shore on his back. The fisherman and the boat are semi-sculpturally inlaid in almost black shakudo, the rope on the boat as well as some of the grasses on the shore are gilt, others made from cloisonné enamel and the blossoms with mother-of-pearl and horn. The moon is inlaid in silver. Central himotoshi on the underside and signature on a silver plate RYUMIN, for Serizawa Ryumin, a famous metalwork artist who made fine kanamono and kagamibuta.

A rather small and fine two-part manjugata showing a delicately and precisely inlaid plum tree (ume) with many blossoms, symbolizing hope and bravery. The branches with almost black horn, some areas light brown, the blossoms all with silvery mother-of-pearl. Signed MEIKEISAI on the interior, an artist name used by Hojitsu, one of the best-known netsuke carvers in Tokyo. Hojitsu lived until 1872 and also worked for the Shogun.

DIAMETER 4.4 CM

Condition: Good condition Provenance: British private collection

DIAMETER 3.45 CM

DIAMETER 4.3 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection Literature comparison: For other works by the artist see The Meinertzhagen Card Index on Netsuke in the Archives of the British Museum Part B, Frederick Meinertzhagen (edited by George Lazarnick), New York, 1986, page 503. Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

216

Condition: Very good condition, two minor cracks near the large inlay and loss of inlay to one of the grasses Provenance: British private collection, two old collection numbers in the exterior and interior Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-


281 AN IVORY MANJU NETSUKE OF SHOKI BY DORAKU By Doraku, ivory manju netsuke Japan, Osaka, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) This manju netsuke shows a halflength portrait of Shoki, with a full beard and thick hair like beams around the entire head. Shoki is the hunter of demons and originated from China, known as Zhong Kui there, and is also considered a protective deity against various illnesses. He is wearing the characteristic Chinese ministerial hat and the handle of his sword can also be seen, with a tassel inlaid with a glass bead. Himotoshi and very abbreviated signature DORAKU

282 AN IVORY MANJU NETSUKE BY KOYUSAI By Koyusai, ivory netsuke Japan, mid to late 19th century Carved in shishiabori (sunken relief) with the depiction of a courtly man wearing an eboshi with a cross symbol and holding a stick with a round object, possibly a drum, on top showing a flying sparrow (suzume). The reverse shows a drumstick and a racket handle with a mitsudomo-e symbol within a stippled reserve. Signed KOYUSAI in a square reserve – not much is known about the

283 AN IVORY SQUARE MANJU NETSUKE OF DARUMA Unsigned, ivory netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A square netsuke plate with rounded edges and carved in shishiabori (sunken relief) on top showing a half-length portrait of the Zen patriarch Bodhidharma, called Daruma in Japan, who spent nine years meditating in front of a wall. The depiction shows him shrouded and gazing yearningly

within a wavy reserve on the reverse. Doraku was a member of the Osaka school and also known as Dorakusai. DIAMETER 4 CM Condition: Very good condition Provenance: British private collection Literature comparison: Manjugata from Doraku are rather rare, however one depicting a Rakan is illustrated in The Meinertzhagen Card Index on Netsuke in the Archives of the British Museum Part A, Frederick Meinertzhagen (edited by George Lazarnick), page 49 Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

artist, except that he carved manju with depictions of suzume. HEIGHT 3.6 CM, LENGTH 4 CM Condition: Very good condition, one minor age crack on the reverse Provenance: Austrian private estate Auction comparison: For another manju with a similar depiction by Koyusai see Zacke, Antike Asiatische Kunst, Vienna, May 2003, lot 129. Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

upwards – towards enlightenment. Daruma was of Indian origin and became the first patriarch of Zen Buddhism. Inlaid eyes of dark horn and himotoshi on the reverse. SIZE 4.6 x 4.6 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection stored in a bank vault for 40 years, collection no. 37 Estimate EUR 500,Starting price EUR 250,-

217


KAGAMIBUTA NETSUKE

284 AN EXCELLENT KAGAMIBUTA NETSUKE OF A NIO GUARDIAN BY KIKUGAWA MASAMITSU By Masamitsu, kagamibuta netsuke, wood, metals, gold Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) An artfully and semi-sculpturally executed Nio, one of the two “Benevolent Kings”, the gigantic, muscular guardians of the Buddha standing at the entrance of the temples. This Nio shows a grim fierce expression and has a markedly athletic appearance. He is holding a kongo (vajra) in one hand. The figure in copper, the loincloth in shakudo and gold and the eyes inlaid in gold as well. Flowing celestial scarves. The background is chased. Signed MASAMITSU on a small plate, for the artist from the Kikugawa family – a famous family of metalwork artists. DIAMETER 5 CM Condition: The bowl with minor surface scratches and a small crack, otherwise excellent condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman Estimate EUR 2.500,Starting price EUR 1.250,-

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285 A FINE IVORY AND SHAKUDO KAGAMIBUTA NETSUKE DEPICTING SHOKI THE DEMON QUELLER WITH ONI Unsigned, kagamibuta netsuke with shakudo, gold, copper and ivory Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

286 A RARE IVORY AND SHAKUDO KAGAMIBUTA NETSUKE WITH AN UNUSUAL REPRESENTATION OF FUTEN Unsigned, kagamibuta netsuke with shakudo, gold, copper and ivory Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

Shoki has a full beard and wide hat, his face showing a characteristically grim expression. Shoki is a hunter of demons, who in many depictions are a little craftier than he is. This kagamibita netsuke shows a horned oni close beside him with a gleeful expression, its head made from copper. The demon and Shoki are executed in high relief, with an iris (shobu), which is meant to dispel demons, behind them.

This kagamibuta netsuke with a shakudo lid shows the wind god Futen, or Fujin, with his swelling windbag behind him. The details in copper and gold. Futen has a demonic appearance in this work, with wild blowing hair, although as god of winds he also saved Japan from a Mongol invasion by destroying war ships in a storm.

DIAMETER 4.2 CM Condition: The ivory bowl with a crack, and missing the central section at the back, otherwise good condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

DIAMETER 4.7 CM Condition: Good condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

287 AN UNUSUAL KAGAMIBUTA NETSUKE OF AN ONI AND FUTEN PLAYING KUBIHIKI Unsigned, kagamibuta netsuke, metals, ivory Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) An amusing kagamibuta depicting an oni and the wind god Futen playing kubihiki, the latter recognizable by the bag of wind behind him, his clawed feet and the garland that surrounds him. Kubihiki is a game were two contestants put a rope around their necks and try their strength by drawing. The reddish copper of the oni is pleasantly contrasting with the blackish shakudo. The oni’s horns, eyes and the loincloth with gilding. Futen with gilt eyes and gilt garland. DIAMETER 4.7 CM Condition: The central part of the kagamibuta bowl has fallen out, otherwise good condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

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288 A RARE KAGAMIBUTA NETSUKE WITH A TSUBA LID DEPICTING BAT AND REISHI Unsigned, kagamibuta netsuke with wood, iron, silver and gilt copper Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A rare kagamibuta netsuke (“mirror-lid” netsuke), the lid executed in the shape of an iron tsuba of five-lobed stylized reishi shape and with a closed hitsu. The tsuba shows a bat (komori) in gilt copper, symbolizing luck, above several reishi (longevity mushrooms), executed in gilt silver and copper, overall representing luck and a long life. The almost black, circular wood bowl has a striking texture. A very rare composition and an ideal netsuke for a swordsmith. A lot of kagamibuta were made by former metalwork artists, who specialized in making sword fittings, as the demand for these decreased and they were looking for new ways to ply their trade. This piece is a brilliant example of an unknown metalwork artist going back to his roots. DIAMETER 4.7 CM Condition: Very good condition, minor rust to the lid Provenance: Austrian private collection Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

289 A FINE WOOD AND IRON KAGAMIBUTA NETSUKE OF A MANDARIN DUCK Unsigned, kagamibuta netsuke with wood, iron, silver and gold Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) This small kagamibuta netsuke with a bowl made from dark wood with a beautiful grain, the “mirror lid” made from iron, decorations in shakudo and rich silver and gold, showing a mandarin duck on a rock underneath a Fuji tree with hanging blossoms and a peony blossom in front of the duck, a rare bird in netsuke art, originating from China. DIAMETER 3.5 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

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290 A RARE IVORY AND SENTOKU KAGAMIBUTA NETSUKE DEPICTING DARUMA Unsigned, kagamibuta netsuke with bronze, silver and ivory Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

291 AN IVORY AND SHAKUDO KAGAMIBUTA NETSUKE WITH AN ACTOR IN A SHIBARAKU ROLE Unsigned, kagamibuta netsuke with shakudo, some gold and ivory Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

An unusual representation of Daruma who has a headache and wrapped a cloth around his bald head, almost looking like turban. His face also has non-Japanese features as Daruma was of Indian descent, which is also indicated by his earrings. He is holding a silver die in the raised palm of one hand. Deep relief in yellow sentoku bronze.

This kagamibuta netsuke shows in high relief the head of an actor playing as Kamakura Gongoro Kagemasa in the kabuki play Shibaraku. Kagemasa fought for the Minamoto clan in the Gosannen war of Japan’s Heian period and was famous for losing an eye during battle. He is depicted here with a grim face with gilt protruding eyes, one of them looking straight and the other crossing (indicating his lost eye) and wearing a hair helmet.

DIAMETER 4.3 CM Condition: The ivory bowl with a crack, otherwise good condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

DIAMETER 4.6 CM Condition: The manju ivory bowl with some discoloration and cracks and the inside area of the bowl with some glue residue; the lid with greenish patina. Generally, in good condition Provenance: British private collection

292 AN IVORY AND SHAKUDO KAGAMIBUTA NETSUKE DEPICTING TWO KAPPA VENDORS Unsigned, kagamibuta netsuke with shakudo, copper, some gold and silver and ivory Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) This kagamibuta netsuke shows two kappa vendors in the rain on the bank of a small stream. Both are hairy and wearing loincloths, their legs showing the characteristic scales of these water demons. Two cucumbers – the kappa’s favorite food – are seen on the edge of the stream. The larger kappa is holding a bowl with silver objects, the smaller one is wearing a large hat and holding a silver sign with tiny characters. A variation of the oni nembutsu motif, only with kappa selling wares. DIAMETER 4.5 CM Condition: Good condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 500,Starting price EUR 250,-

Estimate EUR 500,Starting price EUR 250,-

221


CONTEMPORARY NETSUKE

293 A CONTEMPORARY ANTLER NETSUKE OF A TWOFACED SUN BY GUY SHAW (1951-2003) By Guy Shaw, antler netsuke England, 20th century

294 A MASTERFUL CONTEMPORARY COLORED WOOD NETSUKE OF A ROTTING LEAF AND SPIDER BY GUY SHAW (1951-2003) By Guy Shaw, colored wood netsuke England, 20th century

A very well-crafted, pleasantly tactile and principally manju-shaped netsuke showing two aspects of the sun, one bright and laughing, the other fierce and destructive. Guy Shaw, a friend until his passing, was fascinated with the phenomenon of duality – as is also shown in the netsuke no. 294. He also often felt a longing for the sun, “in my sun-starved country”. The horn is colored yellow. Initials “GS” on a small square gold plate.

This charming work shows a curled-up leaf – an autumn scene - a masterfully carved netsuke from the wood of the Australian gum tree. The netsuke represents life and death, as the leaf has fallen to the ground, slowly drying and disintegrating, however for the moment offering refuge to a little spider who has crawled up into the central opening. The artist was able to create a naturalistic effect while also reflecting a part of himself, the curled-up leaf representing introspection. The weight of the leaf shows how well it has been hollowed out. Very fine grain patterns. ‘Natural himotoshi’ through the stem where also the initials “GS” can be found.

HEIGHT 6.2 CM LENGTH 6.5 CM

222

Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: German private collection, formerly acquired from Galerie Zacke, who acquired it from the artist himself

Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: Acquired from the artist himself

Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

Estimate EUR 2.500,Starting price EUR 1.250,-


295 A NATURALISTIC LACQUERED IVORY NETSUKE OF A CICADA ON A TREE TRUNK BY SENPO (1919-1994) By Senpo, colored ivory netsuke Japan, 20th century

296 AN IVORY AND TORTOISE SHELL NETSUKE OF TWO BEETLES BY AKIHIDE By Akihide, ivory with tortoise shell inlay Japan, 20th century

Senpo Kobayashi (1919-1994) was a netsuke artist who specialized in highly naturalistic models of insects. His works are featured in the collection of Prince Takamado in the national museum of Tokyo and the artist is mentioned in Miriam Kinsey’s ‘Living masters of Netsuke’. This cicada is very well executed, with accurately carved anatomical details. Its appearance is so real one can almost hear the cicada sing. The cicada is covered in an orange-brown coating of lacquer, and the tree trunk is covered in a slightly darker shade of lacquer, brilliantly imitating the act of camouflage by the cicada. The grain of the wood and the branch attachments have been executed to perfection; one larger and one smaller himotoshi on the backside with the signature SENPO in a rectangular reserve. Also note the humorous difference in size between the cicada and the tree.

Two beetles are confronting each other on top of a basket, their retracted wings are inlaid with tortoise shell and the eyes inlaid with dark horn. The leafage on top of the basket is expressively carved in unstained ivory, and another smaller beetle can be found peaking out of an opening. The underside carved like a woven basket, with himotoshi and signature in a rectangular reserve AKIHIDE.

LENGTH 5.4 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: Austrian private collection Auction comparison: For another model of a cicada by the artist see Bonhams, Fine Japanese Art, London, 12 Mai 2009, lot 152.

This lot comes with the original inscribed wood box. LENGTH 4.5 CM Condition: Minor hairline cracks through the leaves – otherwise in very good condition Provenance: Collection of Sam Felton, purchased from Michael Spindel in April 1990 Auction comparison: For another netsuke by the artist depicting beetles in wood see Christie’s, Japanese Art and Design, London, 9 November 2005, lot 281. Estimate EUR 1.200,Starting price EUR 600,-

Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

223


MASK NETSUKE

297 AN IVORY RYUSA MANJU NETSUKE OF A MULTITUDE OF NOH MASKS BY HAKUUNSAI By Hakuunsai, signed Hakuun, ivory netsuke Japan, c. mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

298 A RARE DOUBLE WALNUT NETSUKE WITH A MULTITUDE OF MASKS BY TORYUSAI KOZAN By Kozan, walnut shell netsuke, silver inlay Japan, Iwashiro, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

This netsuke shows a multitude of different Noh masks, one next to the other around the entire work, all from Japanese theatre and folklore. Natural himotoshi through the openwork, signed on a flat bottle gourd HAKUUN, for Hakuunsai, a master of dense mask compositions.

An incredibly dense and clever composition carved from two walnuts (kurumi) and attached to each other. Depicted are around fifty Noh masks in various attitudes, the natural pointed tops of the kurumi are very cleverly utilized, since they show a tengu and usufoki mask with large pointed beak and forward pressing lips, respectively. The kurumi is lightly stained and of a very good color and the himotoshi are ringed silver, and some of the eyes and details are inlaid in silver as well. The signature KOZAN in a spatulashaped reserve on the side. Toriusai Kozan was, along with Hidari Issan, the most notable kurumi netsuke carver.

WIDTH 3.5 CM Condition: The ink and red paint is slightly worn, very good condition Provenance: The 40-Year Collection of a London Gentleman  Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

HEIGHT 3.7 CM, LENGTH 4.8 CM Condition: Very good condition Provenance: European private collection, ex Mang collection, ex Helen Meredith Collection Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

224


All following mask netsuke, lot nos. 300 – 311, are published in ‘Japanese Masks – Peter E. Müller’ by Max Rutherston (2017)

299 A VERY LARGE WOOD MASK NETSUKE OF OKAME BY HARA SHUMIN By Shumin, wood mask netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A very large wood mask netsuke depicting the Shinto goddess Okame. She is depicted laughing, with visible teeth and finely incised lines for hair. An intricately carved work with a very good patina and grain of the wood. The reverse with a bridge which houses the himotoshi and the signature SHUMIN tsukuru (carved by). A pupil of Shugetsu. HEIGHT 7.5 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection additional view Estimate EUR 500,Starting price EUR 250,300 AN UNUSUAL AND LARGE WOOD DOUBLE MASK NETSUKE OF OKAME AND HYOTTOKO Unsigned, wood mask netsuke Japan, early 20th century, Meiji period (1868-1912) A very large and unusual double mask netsuke depicting the jester Hyotokko on one side and the Shinto goddess Okame on the other. The himotoshi goes through both mouths and the large pupils are inlaid. HEIGHT 5.1 CM, LENGTH 5.2 CM Condition: Good and complete condition, the wood bears a good patina Provenance: Peter E. Müller Japanese Mask Collection, no. 211 Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

225


301 A FINE WOOD MASK NETSUKE OF HOTEI BY HARA SHUGETSU By Hara Shugetsu, wood mask netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The mask carved from boxwood with a very good patina and depicting the laughing lucky deity Hotei, the facial features delicately crafted. Signed on the bridge - which forms the himotoshi - HARA SHUGETSU in seal form. HEIGHT 4.4 CM Condition: Very good condition, fine patina Provenance: Peter E. Müller Japanese Mask Collection, no.165 Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

302 A WOOD MASK NETSUKE OF KITSUNE Unsigned, wood mask netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The rather small mask netsuke in the form of a kitsune (fox) with a charming expression, however the rows of the sharp and minutely carved teeth hint at the ferocity of the animal. HEIGHT 3.7 CM Condition: Very good condition; the lower jaw is separately carved Provenance: Peter E. Müller Japanese Mask Collection, no. 87 Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

303 A WOOD MASK NETSUKE OF SANKA-JO BY THE DEME FAMILY By the Deme family, wood mask netsuke Japan, early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The old man depicted smiling and the jaw attached with a string to the upper section, like the original Noh mask, from which this piece was copied. Signed DEME, for a member of the Deme family - the greatest dynasty of mask netsuke carvers. HEIGHT 4.8 CM Condition: A small restoration to the edge of the separate jaw - otherwise in good condition with a very appealing patina Provenance: Peter E. Müller Japanese Mask Collection, no. 30 Estimate EUR 500,Starting price EUR 250,-

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304 A RARE AND FINE HIRADO PORCELAIN MASK NETSUKE OF EBISU Unsigned, hirado porcelain mask netsuke Japan, late 19th century A beautiful and rare example of a hirado porcelain mask depicting the lucky deity Ebisu, the god of fishermen, with thick earlobes. He is recognized by his typical deep-blue glazed pointed eboshi (hat). The glaze has a pleasant and oily feel to it. Himotoshi on the reverse. HEIGHT 4.1 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: Peter E. Müller Japanese Mask Collection, no. 163 Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

305 A PORCELAIN MASK NETSUKE OF AN ONI Unsigned, porcelain mask netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) This fierce mask of an oni is depicted in porcelain with an attractive blue glaze, with a malign grin and unusually protruding nose. The bridge on the reverse, which functions as the himotoshi, is unglazed. HEIGHT 4.6 CM Condition: Excellent condition, minor firing faults Provenance: Peter E. Müller Japanese Mask Collection, no. 140 Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

306 A JAPANESE KUTANI PORCELAIN MASK NETSUKE OF A MONKEY Unsigned, painted Kutani porcelain netsuke Japan, late 19th /early 20th century The face of the monkey, saru, is depicted smiling and with glaring eyes. Details painted in brown and red. Good irregular himotoshi on the reverse. HEIGHT 4.4 CM Condition: Good condition, minor wear to paint Provenance: Peter E. Müller Japanese Mask Collection, no. 90 Estimate EUR 500,Starting price EUR 250,-

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307 A RARE STAG ANTLER MASK NETSUKE OF OKAME Unsigned, stag antler mask netsuke Japan, late 19th century The Shinto goddess depicted with slightly absurd facial proportions and smiling. This rather large mask is carved from a thick section of stag antler, which is a rare material for mask netsuke. Two hollow sections below her chin have been cleverly plugged. Himotoshi on the reverse. HEIGHT 4.7 CM Condition: Good condition, natural flaws in the material, one larger age crack through one of the eyes Provenance: Peter E. Müller Japanese Mask Collection, no. 230 Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

308 A WOOD MASK NETSUKE OF OTO BY GYOKKO By Gyokko, wood mask netsuke Japan, mid-19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) This very expressive mask depicts Oto, a mask used for female characters in Kyogen, a form of traditional Japanese comic theatre. She is depicted with plump cheeks and smiling, reminding one of the Shinto goddess Okame, who is often associated with eroticism. Signed GYOKKO on the bridge on the reverse which forms the himotoshi. HEIGHT 3.8 CM Condition: Good condition, very minor surface scratches Provenance: Peter E. Müller Japanese Mask Collection, no. 102 Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

309 A TSUISHU LACQUER MASK NETSUKE OF OKAME Unsigned, wood mask netsuke with tsuishu lacquer Japan, late 19th century The mask netsuke depicting the Shinto goddess Okame and covered in red tsuishu lacquer (Japanese version of Chinese cinnabar lacquer), the reverse with a bridge and singular himotoshi on an attractive asanoha ground. HEIGHT 4.3 CM Condition: Good condition with minor wear to lacquer Provenance: Peter E. Müller Japanese Mask Collection, no. 114 Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

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311 A FINE LACQUERED WOOD MASK NETSUKE OF OKAME Unsigned, lacquered wood mask netsuke Japan, late 19th / early 20th century 310 A RARE AND LARGE WOOD MASK NETSUKE OF HANNYA Unsigned, boxwood mask netsuke with gilt-lacquered eyes Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

The wood lacquered in beautiful gold lacquer, her hair lacquered in shimmering roiro-nuri, the hair executed with finely incised lines, some strands of loose hair in the front in red and black lacquer. The reverse with dense and attractive nashiji.

An excellent and large depiction of the wrathful female demon Hannya made from stained boxwood with gilt-lacquered eyes. She has large and sharp horns, sharp fangs and her eyes hint at the deep melancholy and rage inflicted upon her by jealousy.

HEIGHT 4.8 CM

HEIGHT 6.7 CM

Estimate EUR 700,Starting price EUR 350,-

Condition: Very good condition Provenance: Peter E. MĂźller Japanese Mask Collection, no. 112

Condition: Very good condition Provenance: Peter E. MĂźller Japanese Mask Collection, no. 41 Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

229


LACQUER NETSUKE

312 A PAIR OF LACQUERED WOOD NETSUKE DEPICTING AN EMPEROR AND A COURTESAN BY KIKUGAWA By Kikugawa, lacquered wood netsuke with ivory and mother of pearl inlay Japan, mid to late 19th century A pair of very fine lacquer works showing an emperor and a courtesan, each seated on a rectangular pedestal. The pedestal shows ornamental decorations executed in takamaki-e. The garment of the pair shows chrysanthemums (kiku), an imperial symbol. The faces are made from ivory, with long black hair flowing to the pedestal. Outlined himotoshi as well as a signature KIKUGAWA on a small inlaid plate on the underside – not the famous metalwork artist, but probably an inro artist. HEIGHT 3.6 CM Condition: Very good condition Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 44 Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

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313 A RARE LACQUERED WOOD NETSUKE OF A GULL ATTRIBUTED TO KOMA KANSAI II Unsigned, attributed to Koma Kansai II, lacquered wood netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A very fine piece of elegant style and unusually perfect lacquer technique. The overall silvery-dark grey bird has its partially goldlacquered wings tucked in. The beak is very small, as are the black inlaid eyes, while the himotoshi on the other side are quite large. A charming, subtly balanced work. Figural lacquerwork of this quality is quite rare and a very similar example signed Koma Kansai was in the Adrienne Barbanson collection (see auction comparison). LENGTH 3.8 CM Condition: Good condition, with minor wear to lacquer, particularly around the beak Provenance: British private collection with two valuations from Sotheby’s, by Neil K. Davey, dated 1974 & 1984, inventory no. 127 Auction comparison: A very similar netsuke signed Koma Kansai was sold Bonhams, Fine Netsuke from the Adrienne Barbanson Collection, London, 13 May 2013, lot 27 Estimate EUR 1.200,Starting price EUR 600,-

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314 A LACQUERED WOOD NETSUKE OF A TOY DOG Unsigned, stained and lacquered wood netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A rare depiction of a toy dog. The wood is attractively stained creating a lustrous effect. Pregnant women and newborn children received dog figurines as amulets, possibly this was used as a child’s netsuke. This dog has a lacquered saddle with floral decorations and a red-lacquered collar as well as four straight stump legs. The inside of the ears is lacquered in red and the eyes made of gold lacquer with black pupils. The tail is turned inwards like a hook, the himotoshi however are located on the belly. HEIGHT 3 CM, LENGTH 3.6 CM Condition: Very good condition Provenance: British private collection  Estimate EUR 500,Starting price EUR 250,-

315 A NEGORO LACQUERED WOOD NETSUKE OF A SLEEPING SARUMAWASHI Unsigned, lacquered wood netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) Monkey tamers are called sarumawashi and present performances with their animals on the street, living off of donations. This netsuke shows the monkey tamer in a deep sleep, his dressed monkey on his shoulder trying to plunder his basket with treats. The sarumawashi is wearing a gilt-lacquered hat, and the garments of both are executed in negoro lacquer. Large himotoshi on the underside. A beautiful composition of lacquered elements combined with the natural appeal of the wood. HEIGHT 2.3, LENGTH 4.2 CM Condition: Very good condition, minor and expected wear to lacquer Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

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316 A LACQUERED WOOD NETSUKE OF A PAIR OF CHESTNUTS Unsigned, lacquered wood netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) Two large chestnuts (kuri) lying beside each other, covered in a shimmering dark-red lacquer with streaks of black lacquer shining through. The underside simulating the characteristic stippled surface of the kuri, is covered in silver lacquer with rich gold sprinkled on it. Chestnuts are a symbol of success and are popular New Years gifts. Buddhists also believe that the souls of the deceased rest in chestnuts. The backside is entirely smooth with a chrysanthemum-shaped loop with a ring used as himotoshi. WIDTH 5.4 CM Condition: Very good condition, with minor wear to lacquer Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 500,Starting price EUR 250,-

317 A TSUISHU LACQUER TWO-PART MANJU WITH GRAPES BY YOSEI By Yosei, tsuishu lacquer on wood Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The large and circular manju consisting of two parts carved covered in tsuishu lacquer depicting bushy vines of grapes on an asanoha ground. The inside lacquered in black with the signature reading YOSEI ZO (made this). The name Yosei corresponds to an important family of lacquerers from the 14th-19th century and Jahss writes “their (Yosei) tsuishu far surpasses the Chinese work in richness and color, beauty, skill of carving and variation of design”. DIAMETER 4.5 CM Condition: Minor wear to lacquer, with one tiny hairline on the rim of the inside and the himotoshi bridge on the inside with losses to the black lacquer Provenance: Austrian private collection, formerly acquired at Galerie Zacke in the 1990s Estimate EUR 500,Starting price EUR 250,-

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OJIME 318 A STRING OF FOUR IVORY OJIME Unsigned, ivory ojime Japan, 19th century to Meiji period (1868-1912) All four of figural shape and finely carved depicting a man with box, a temple servant, a cockerel and a monkey with peach. Attached to a fabric cord. HEIGHT (each) approximately 1.8 CM Condition: Very good condition Provenance: Austrian private estate Estimate EUR 500,Starting price EUR 250,-

319 TWO DEERHORN OJIME WITH YAMABUSHI WARRIORS Unsigned, deer horn ojime Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A pair of fine ojime carved all around in relief with a yamabushi warrior scene. The left one carved with a yamabushi warrior priest and a seated man and the other carved with two yamabushi warriors, one pursuing the other who is lifting a cloth under which he was hiding. The cord channel outlined with brass rings. HEIGHT 1.9 CM each Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: French private collection Estimate EUR 500,Starting price EUR 250,-

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INROS

235


320 A FINE SHIBAYAMA INLAID GOLD LACQUER FOUR-CASE INRO WITH CAPARISONED ELEPHANT BY THE KAJIKAWA AND SHIBAYAMA FAMILY By Kajikawa (lacquer) and Shibayama (inlay), gold-lacquered inro with ivory, bronze, tortoise shell mother of pearl and horn inlays; inlaid ivory ojime and ivory netsuke Japan, late 19th century, Meiji period (1868-1912) A superbly inlaid gold lacquer inro depicting a caparisoned elephant on one side, and parading boys dressed in Korean garments on the other side. The inro shows a festival scene – A reenactment of a procession of the Korean embassy through Japan to Edo (now Tokyo). The boys are lacquered in red, gold and silver takamaki-e with finely inlaid ivory faces, holding various instruments and a banner, all set underneath pine trees and clouds. The elephant on the other side, next to the pine tree, is inlaid in ivory and has a fierce expression. His saddle is inlaid with stained ivory, lacquer, bronze, horn, tortoise shell and mother of pearl. The inside with dense nashiji. The underside with the signature KAJIKAWA with red pot seal, and further signature SHIBAYAMA on an inlaid mother of pearl tablet. With an ivory shibayama ojime inlaid with mother of pearl, horn and coral and a square ivory manju netsuke showing various patterns in shishiabori (sunken relief). Inro HEIGHT 8.6 CM, manju netsuke HEIGHT 4.2 CM, ojime HEIGHT 1.5 CM Condition: Minor wear to the edges of the inro, some wear to the fundame ground, one inlay to the saddle cloth has been lost – generally, in good condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 2.500,Starting price EUR 1.250,-

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322 A FOUR-CASE LACQUER INRO WITH COCKEREL, HEN AND BAMBOO BY TOKOSAI MASASHIGE AND LACQUER MANJU BY TOSHUSAI By Tokosai Masahige, lacquered wood inro and manju netsuke Japan, early 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

321 A FINE LACQUERED FOUR-CASE INRO WITH A MOUNTED ELEPHANT Unsigned, lacquered wood inro Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868)

A four-case inro showing on one side a cockerel in front of a bamboo stalk, decorated in fine togidashi-e and hiramaki- e on matt gold fudame, depicting a cockerel next to bamboo on one side and a hen with a small bird and more bamboo on the other. Gold nashiji on the interior of the cases. Signed TOKOSAI MASASHIGE and KAO on the underside, a well-known lacquer artist. Very small characters EISHIN and (possibly) KAO, which could however also mean “fame and loyalty”, next to the cockerel.

The four-case inro covered in beautiful shimmering roiro-nuri lacquer with a depiction of a silver and gold takamaki-e elephant with rider, the design passing over to the reverse, which is further lacquered in gold takamaki-e and togidashi-e with a section of a bridge. The inside of the compartments covered in dense nashiji.

With a two-part manju netsuke decorated in takamaki-e with gold, depicting a hut under a pine tree in front of a stream, signed TOSHUSAI, another well-known lacquer artist. Spherical ojime made from aventurine glass.

HEIGHT 6.5 CM

HEIGHT INRO 8.4 CM, DIAMETER MANJU NETSUKE 4.2 CM

Condition: Very good condition, one tiny nick by the bridge Provenance: British private collection stored in a bank vault for 40 years, collection no. 85

Condition: The inro with many surface scratches and some wear to lacquer, the netsuke in very good condition Provenance: British private collection

Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

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323 A FINE LACQUERED THREE-CASE SAYA INRO WITH MATCHING MANJU NETSUKE BY UEMURA ENSHU (BORN 1955) By Enshu, lacquered wood inro and manju netsuke Japan, 20th century, Showa (1926-1989) or Heisei period (1989) The outer sheath beautifully decorated with coarse brown lacquer, simulating tree-bark, and lacquered with sprigs of leaves with kirikane flakes and shell highlights. The slender three-case inro on the inside, is decorated with a stunning design of three owls on top of each other, their staring eyes inlaid in gold with shell details. They are surrounded by kirikane flakes and the reverse with an owl in flight amongst leaves, with vertically spread out wings, the featherwork masterfully executed. Both sides made with hiramaki-e and togidashi-e and the underside with a chequered design and signed ENSHU. The inside compartments with dense gold nashiji. The manju netsuke consisting of two parts and depicting a squirrel, with a bushy tail and large glaring eyes, nibbling on orange and shell-inlaid fruits. The reverse with signature ENSHU. The composition of the inro and matching netsuke is designed to reflect the life in a tree – the owls are living inside the tree and the squirrel is in the crown of the tree nibbling on fruits. HEIGHT (inro) 7.2 CM, DIAMETER (manju) 4.2 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 2.500,Starting price EUR 1.250,-

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324 A FINE GOLD LACQUERED AND INLAID THREE-CASE INRO WITH PARROT AND CRANE Unsigned, gold lacquer inro with inlays of mother of pearl, ivory, coral and horn; bronze ojime and iron and gilt-copper netsuke Japan, late 19th century, Meiji period (1868-1912) Both sides decorated with polished gold fundame medallions, surrounded by an unusual but very fine cloud-pattern executed in gold and silver togidashi-e. One medallion shows a parrot, inlaid in red-stained ivory and seated on a horizontal rod decorated with various inlays, looking down at the food basket, inlaid in horn, attached to the rod. The other side is decorated with a red-crested crane, inlaid in mother of pearl and black horn, surrounded by blooming hozuki (physalis) and various other flowers and butterflies. With a bronze ojime of Daruma and a rare iron and gilt-copper kabuto (samurai helmet). Inro HEIGHT 6.2 CM, ojime HEIGHT 1.9 CM, netsuke HEIGHT 2.5 CM Condition: The inro in very good condition, the ojime with minor discoloration and the netsuke with some rust and smaller dents around the edges Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 2.500,Starting price EUR 1.250,-

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325 A VERY RARE SEVEN-CASE INRO WITH TWO SHISHI BY GYOKUSAI TACHIBANA MASAMITSU By Gyokusai Tachibana Masamitsu, wood inro with lacquer and gold Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A rare seven-case gold lacquer inro by the rare and celebrated artist Gyokusai Tachibana Masamitsu. Both sides show a snarling shishi in takamaki-e, with flaming manes and tails chasing each other; the eyes beautifully inlaid. Gold nashiji on the interior of all cases. Signature GYOKUSAI TACHIBANA MASAMITSU and red kao on the underside. The lacquer artist is predominantly known as Gyokusai. The metal ojime has an elongated ovoid shape, is signed and shows a peony blossom in takabori. INRO HEIGHT 9.5 CM, OJIME LENGTH 2.5 CM Condition: Fine condition with expected wear and surface scratches Provenance: American private collection Auction comparison: For another by this rare artist see Christie’s, Oriental Ceramics and Works of Art, London, 8 June 2000, lot 3. Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-

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326 A FINE TWO-CASE LACQUER INRO WITH SHISHI BY CHINEI By Chinei (inro), lacquered wood inro and marine ivory netsuke Japan, 18th and 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The black two-case inro in roironuri shows on both sides lively shishi in a tussle, with full curly manes and tails. The drawing is executed in the chinkinbori technique and accentuated with gold. Rich gold nashiji on the interior. Signature in gold on the underside, large and in seal script CHINEI, who lived in Nagasaki from around the mid-18th century. Spherical ojime in colorful enamel cloisonnÊ. The en suite marine ivory netsuke shows a shishi bowing down with a large, expressive head and a raised flaming tail. The shishi stands on an elongated oval base with a central cord hole; unsigned. HEIGHT INRO 6.6 CM, LENGTH NETSUKE 3 CM Condition: Very good condition – very minor wear to lacquer; the netsuke in good condition Provenance: Austrian private estate, acquired at Galerie Zacke in the 1990s Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

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328 A FOUR-CASE GOLD LACQUER INRO WITH A CAT AND A RAT Unsigned, lacquered wood inro Japan, 19th century 327 A FINE FOUR-CASE LACQUER INRO WITH ARIWARA NO NARIHIRA BY KAJIKAWA By Kajikawa (lacquerwork) and Teisho (inlays), lacquer on wood inro with gold and inlays Japan, 19th century A richly lacquered four-case inro inlaid with ivory and mother of pearl showing the poet and courtier Ariwara no Narihira, richly dressed in courtly garments and seated in a boat, surrounded by a landscape with mountains, a lake, pine trees and flying birds. The lacquer technique used is takamaki-e with much gold as well as gold kirikane; the moon and its reflection on the water with silver, which has turned black with age. Gold nashiji on the interior of the cases. Signed KAJIKAWA (a large and famous family of inro specialists) in gold on the underside, with the name TEISHO inlaid on mother-of-pearl, who made the inlays for this inro. HEIGHT 8.7 CM Condition: Overall in good condition, with minor expected wear to the lacquer, particularly around the edges Provenance: German private collection Estimate EUR 1.200,Starting price EUR 600,-

A gold lacquered four-case inro showing a cat on one side and a rat on the other, executed in takamaki-e and kirikane. Cats (neko) are a rather rare motif in inro art. On one side, the cat depicted is a well-fed housecat seated in a dominant position with its front paws raised with toys attached to a string next to it. The other side shows a dancing black rat (nezumi), amongst various seashells, a large sea-cucumber and algae – all a symbol for water, a known grievance of cats. The inro shows the saying ‘The rats dance when the cats are away’. Gold nashiji on the interior of the cases. HEIGHT 7.7 CM Condition: Signs of age and wear, especially around the edges Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

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SAGEMONO & OKIMONO 329 A RARE SET CONSISTING OF A WOOD TONKOTSU, OJIME AND NETSUKE WITH MANY TORTOISES IN THE MANNER OF CHUICHI Unsigned, wood tonkotsu, ojime and netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) An elaborately worked set consisting of a tonkotsu (tobacco container), netsuke and ojime – all carved by the same hand and decorated with many tortoises. The tonkotsu is carved with a ‘woven basket’ décor and shows five tortoises crawling upwards with two further ones on the lid. The ojime is in the form of a single tortoise and the netsuke shows a pile of tortoises – all in the manner of Chuichi (Tadakazu). All eyes, as well as the two ringed himotoshi on the netsuke, are inlaid in black horn. Tonkotsu HEIGHT 9 CM, ojime HEIGHT 2.2 CM, netsuke HEIGHT 5.2 CM Condition: All in very good condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-

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330 A FINE IVORY KISERUZUTSU DEPICTING THE THREE SAKE TESTERS BY JOEN By Joen, ivory kiseruzutsu Japan, late 19th century, Meiji period (1868-1912) A rather large pipecase (kiseruzutsu) of muso-zutsu form and depicting Shaka, Koshi and Roshi, also known as the three sake testers. The three are the Japanese versions of Shakyamuni, Laotse and Konfuzius, and the scene signifies the different ways of attaining truth and enlightenment. The entire depiction is carved continuously on both sides in shishiabori (sunken relief) with exquisite details. They seem to be having a dispute and are shown in various attitudes, making hand gestures and pointing. The back with signature JOEN and seal bi (beauty). HEIGHT 23.9 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 2.000,Starting price EUR 1.000,-

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detail of no. 331

331 A BLACK LACQUERED AND SILVER INLAID KISERUZUTSU WITH SHOKI AND ONI Unsigned, black lacquered wood kiseruzutsu with silver inlay Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The pipecase (kiseruzutsu) of muso-zutsu form and depicting the demon queller Shoki inlaid in silver with drawn sword and searching expression, under a finely incised pine tree. He is searching for an oni, which has escaped and is visible on the other side on the top part which is inserted. HEIGHT 23.7 CM Condition: The loop used for cord attachment is missing, otherwise very good condition Provenance: European private collection Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

332 A BLACK LACQUERED AND SILVER INLAID KISERUZUTSU WITH FUGEN BOSATSU Unsigned, black lacquered wood kiseruzutsu with silver inlay Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The black lacquered wood pipecase (kiseruzutsu) is decorated with Fugen Bosatsu reading from a scroll and seated on an elephant, inlaid in silver with gilt details, below two incised butterflies. Cord attachment through the loop, inlaid in bronze, around the rim of the lower section. Fugen Bosatsu is derived from the bodhisattva Samantabhadra, who is associated with practice and meditation. HEIGHT 20 CM Condition: Good condition, minor wear and discoloration around the inlay Provenance: European private collection Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

331

332

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333 A RARE WOVEN BAMBOO YATATE Unsigned, bamboo yatate Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) The yatate (portable writing set) made of intricately woven bamboo. The composition consists of a long shaft for the brush and a carrying box for ink cotton. A rustic and rare collector’s piece. With a little paintbrush inside.

LENGTH 20 CM Condition: Very good condition Provenance: European private collection Estimate EUR 500,Starting price EUR 250,-

334 A WOOD OKIMONO OF A CARPENTER AT WORK BY GUMIN By Gumin, wood okimono Japan, late 19th century, Meiji period (1868-1912) A small sculpture of a man kneeling on the ground, with a small Japanese-style drawer cabinet in front of him. One of his hands is placed on the cabinet while in the other he is holding a hammer, which he is using to work on the cabinet. He has a plane as well as a mallet and chisel lying next to him. An ashtray netsuke with tobacco pouch, showing the characters Hi no Yojin (“beware of fire”), is attached to his belt. The head is very finely carved in a lifelike manner. Signed GUMIN on mother-ofpearl on one side of the cabinet. HEIGHT 6.2 CM Condition: The bridge between the lap and cabinet has been lost with visible marks, otherwise very good condition Provenance: French private collection Estimate EUR 600,Starting price EUR 300,-

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335 A FINE AND LARGE WOOD OKIMONO NETSUKE OF A BLIND STONE LIFTER BY RYUKEI By Ryukei, wood okimono-netsuke Japan, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A classic model by the artist, however this carving is particularly refined and detailed. Depicted is a stone lifter, who was a street performer. He is trying to lift a gigantic stone with all his might, biting with his inlaid ivory teeth into his lips. The severe amount of strain is visible in his facial features, he is deeply concentrated and has many accentuated skin folds. The blindman has one normal eye ringed in ivory and the other also inlaid in ivory, however ‘dead’. The wood is of a very good colour with a smooth polish and the signature RYUKEI is found on the underside in an inlaid ivory tablet. Often this motif is mistaken for a man with a giant scrotum, however one of his testicles is even visible on the underside. Himotoshi on the underside, however probably purely ornamental. HEIGHT 6 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: French private collection, old museum number Estimate EUR 1.200,Starting price EUR 600,-

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336 AN EXCELLENT IVORY OKIMONO OF SHOKI THE DEMON QUELLER AND MANY ONI BY GYOKUSHIN By Gyokushin, ivory okimono Japan, late 19th century, Meiji period (1868-1912) A whimsical, strange scene – the famous hunter of all demons, from China to Japan, has captured a large number of small oni and is about to jam them into a large barrel. They are fighting with tooth and nail while Shoki is clearly struggling to close the lid and although he is using all his strength and has one foot on the lid, he will surely not succeed. Two oni have already escaped and are attacking him at his boot. The bearded Shoki’s head is earnest and lively, he is wearing an elaborately decorated Chinese garment and carrying a straight sword (ken) on his back. The oni are all very small and meticulously carved. Small collection label and signature GYOKUSHIN on the underside of the barrel. HEIGHT 6.9 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection, old collector’s label ‘G 360’ and ‘480’, as well as a label identifying the signature Estimate EUR 2.500,Starting price EUR 1.250,-

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338 AN UNUSUAL MECHANICAL IVORY OKIMONO OF RAIJIN WITH A MAN HIDING IN A TREE BY MEIRAKU By Meiraku, ivory okimono Japan, late 19th century, Meiji period (1868-1912)

337 AN EXCELLENT IVORY OKIMONO OF A DRUNKEN ONI WITH TANUKI Unsigned, ivory okimono Japan, late 19th century to Meiji period (1868-1912)

An unusual okimono depicting the thunder god Raijin seated on a tree trunk holding two shakers with his drum, with mitsudomo-e symbol, in front of him. He is wearing a tiger-skin loincloth and is surrounded by a garland. Interestingly, when tilting the okimono, a little man with a frightened expression is revealed, who is hiding from the thunder god. The structure of the tree trunk is achieved very well and signature on the underside in a recessed reserve MEIRAKU. A well-detailed and clever carving. HEIGHT 6 CM, LENGTH 8 CM

A drunken oni, depicted as a vendor, his face and horns very finely carved, in a joyous dance pose. The demon is holding a piece of an octopus tentacle up high in one hand and a sake bottle with a character meaning “more of that” (among other things) in the other. He is carrying an umbrella on his back. Beside the oni is a tanuki, a kind of demonic raccoon, which is sometimes also depicted selling sake. The garment folds and other details are carved in a very lively manner, and a two-character inscription inlaid in red lacquer within a decorative reserve on the tanuki’s belly, presumably reading 蛮民 – loosely translating to ‘savage people’.

Condition: Very good condition Provenance: French private collection Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

HEIGHT 14.4 CM Condition: Good condition, one hand has been reattached - but barely visible Provenance: Austrian private collection Estimate EUR 1.500,Starting price EUR 750,-

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339 AN EXCELLENT IVORY NETSUKE-OKIMONO OF A GROUP OF FOUR MONKEYS AFTER MITSUHIDE Unsigned, after Mitsuhide, ivory okimono-netsuke Japan, Kyoto, 19th century, Edo period (1615-1868) A lively and violent scene with the largest, male monkey at the center and a slightly smaller, female monkey underneath, with a fierce expression, baring her teeth and pulling on his face, while he looks down on her voraciously. Two young monkeys are climbing on the father’s back, one holding a peach. Monkeys are also known as messengers to the gods, can dispel evil and are a sign in the Japanese zodiac. The carving is very much in the style of Mitsuhide from Kyoto, who was known for his carvings of very expressive fighting monkeys. HEIGHT 5 CM, LENGTH 6.9 CM Condition: The patina is rubbed in some areas – good and complete condition Provenance: Austrian private estate, acquired at Galerie Zacke in the 1990s Estimate EUR 1.000,Starting price EUR 500,-

340 AN IVORY OKIMONO OF A CAT AND RAT Unsigned, ivory okimono Japan, late 19th century, Meiji period (1868-1912) An ivory okimono of a housecat, wearing a bell-collar, holding down a rat and preparing to strike it. The rat is struggling and screeching with opened mouth and visible teeth. Its tail curls up around to the cat’s side and it is pulling on its fur. The cat has a playful and confident expression and its body is slightly contorted as it lifts one paw up high, ready to attack. The paws are carved especially well and naturalistic. The eyes of the cat and rat are inlaid with reddish and black horn, respectively. HEIGHT 5.5 CM, LENGTH 9.5 CM Condition: Very good condition, minor discoloration in some areas of the ivory Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 800,Starting price EUR 400,-

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341 AN AMUSING AND EXCELLENT IVORY OKIMONO OF A KAPPA WITH CUCUMBER BY MUNEHARU By Muneharu, ivory okimono Japan, late 19th century, Meiji period (1868-1912) A very well detailed and amusing okimono depicting a kappa pulling a huge cucumber, the favourite food of the kappa, with a rope. The aquatic creature has its head tilted to the left with squinting eyes, inlaid in dark horn, and is exclaiming as the large cucumber is probably very heavy. The rope is carved very precisely and ties around the cucumber several times. The cucumber is also carved realistically with the spiny surface stippled and the characteristic ‘dots’ inlaid in horn. The kappa has long hair with a soft spot in the center, which is where it keeps its vital fluids. Amusingly, since kappa are ferocious but polite creatures, the best way to defeat a kappa is by respectfully bowing, so that it shall return the favour thus spilling out its vital fluids. The ivory bearing a very good colour with a light stain and the signature MUNEHARU is found in a rounded reserve under the cucumber. HEIGHT 5 CM, LENGTH 9.5 CM Condition: Excellent condition Provenance: British private collection Estimate EUR 2.500,Starting price EUR 1.250,-

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SIGNATURE INDEX

Numbers indicate lot numbers. This index only indicates the signatures – various attributions are written in the corresponding text.

252

Akihide 明秀 – 296

Masaka 正香

Anraku 安樂 – 74

Masakazu 正一 – 90 (Ichishido 一㫖堂), 157

Sosai 宗齋 – 65

Chikusai 竹齋 – 31

Masamitsu 正光 – 72, 221, 263, 284

Soshin 草臣 – 201

Chinei 珍榮 – 326

Masamori 正守 – 5

Tadatomo 忠友 – 92

Chosen 晁川 – 125

Masanao 正直 – 12, 69, 70, 103, 113

Tamekazu 為一 – 105

Deme 出目 - 303

Masashige 正茂 – 29 (reading of the seal)

Tanaka 中田 - 30

Doraku 道樂 – 83, 281

Masatami 正民 – 111, 112

Tanetoshi 胤寿 – 120

Eirakusai 永樂齋 - 54

Masatoshi 正利 – 21, 224

Teimin 貞珉 -14

Enshu 円秋 – 323

Masatsugu 正次 – 238

Teisho 定政 – 327

Gumin 宮民 – 334

Masayuki 正之 – 202

Tokosai Masashige 東虎齋 正茂 - 322

Guy Shaw – 293, 294

Meigyokusai 明玉齋 – 137

Tokoku 東谷 – 186

Gyokkei 玉珪 – 196

Meikeisai 明鶏齋 – 280

Tomin 東岷 – 229

Gyokko – 185 玉光, 308 玉后

Meikeisai Hojitsu 明鶏齋 法實 – 27

Tomochika 友親 – 39, 51, 55, 130, 206

Gyokumin 玉民 – 104

Meiraku 明樂 – 338

Tomohide 友秀 – 178

Gyokusai 玉齋 – 122

Minjo 民乗 – 278

Tomokazu 友一 – 109, 146, 267

Gyokusai Tachibana Masamitsu 玉齋 橘 正

Minko 岷江 – 84, 85

Tomomasa 友正 – 42, 127, 259

光 – 325

Minkoku 民谷 – 138

Tomosada 友貞 – 132

Gyokushin 玉真 – 336

Minzan 民山 – 20, 139

Tomotada 友忠 – 78, 79, 80, 209, 267

Gyokuzan 玉山 – 61, 145

Mitsuhide 光秀 - 94

Toshusai 桃秀齋 - 322

Hakuryu 白龍 – 86

Mitsuhiro 光廣 – 107

Toyomasa 豊昌 – 245

Hakuun 白雲 – 297

Munechika 宗親 – 244

Toyosai 都陽齋 – 66

Hakuunsai 白雲齋 – 53

Muneharu 宗治 – 341

Yasuaki 保明 – 60

Hidemasa 秀正 – 47, 225

Nobufusa 信房 – 160

Yasuhide 康秀 – 19

Hiromitsu 弘光 – 236

Okatomo 岡友 – 75, 121, 203, 208

Yasumasa 保正 – 60, 62

Hogyoku 法玉 – 243

Rakumin 樂民 – 190

Yosei 楊成 – 317

Homin 法民 – 68

Ranichi 蘭一 – 87

Yoshikazu 由一 – 194

Homei – See Yasuaki

Ranseki 蘭石 – 128

Zokoku 象谷 – 40

Hosei – See Yasumasa

Ransen 蘭川 – 207

Isshosai 一枩齋 – 230

Rantei 蘭亭 – 38, 93, 110, 134, 193 (with

Joen 如園 – 330

title Hogen 蘭亭)

Joryu 如龍 – 37

Ryoji 凌次 - 148

Jugyoku 壽玉 – 198

Ryomin 陵民 – 36, 136 (signed only with

Kagetoshi 景利 – 124, 204, 233

kao)

Kaigyoku 懐玉 – 189

Ryukei 龍珪 – 264, 335

– 261

Kaigyokudo 懐玉堂 – 129

Ryumin 立民 – 279

Kaigyokusai 懐玉齋 – 100

Sadayoshi 定由 – 76

Kajikawa 梶川 – 320, 327

Sadayuki 㝎随 – 67

Kazuaki 一明 – 98

Sanka 山禾 – 246

Kikugawa 菊川 – 312

Sansui 山水 – 242

Kohosai 公鳳齋 – 57, 58, 59

Seigyoku 清玉 – 106

Kojitsu 孝實 – 119

Seikei 正慶 – 149

Kokei 虎渓 – 102

Senpo 仙歩 – 295

Koku 谷 – 170

Shibayama 芝山 – 320

Koyusai 光遊齋 – 282

Shigemasa 重正 – 33

Kozan 古山 – 298

Shogetsu 松月 – 97

Kusan 苦山 – 64

Shozan 松山 – 270

Masachika 政親 – 108

Shugetsu 原 舟月 – 301

Masaharu 正春 – 150

Shumin 舟珉 – 299

Masahiro 正廣 – 44

Shunka 春河 – 260

Shuosai 秀翁齋 – 49


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SEALS

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TERMS OF AUCTION § 1) The auction shall be carried out in accordance with the provisions of the rules of procedure of GALERIE ZACKE ©, SZA VERSTEIGERUNGS UND VERTRIEBS GMBH, MARIAHILFERSTRASSE 112, 1070 WIEN (hereinafter referred to as the company) as well as in accordance with sections 244-246 of the GEWERBEORDNUNG [Industrial Code] of 1994. The auction shall be carried out on commission. The auctioneer shall be entitled to withdraw lots exceptionally, to conduct the auction deviating from the order of the catalogue numbers and to offer lots jointly. In the event of any dispute concerning a double bid or if the auctioneer has missed a bid, the auctioneer shall be entitled to revoke acceptance of a bid and to continue auctioning the item. The figures stated in the catalogue shall be the highest bid in Euro (€) expected by the respective expert. As a rule, the bid shall be increased by 10% of the last bid. (See table of the bidding increments). § 2) The acceptance of a bid shall be granted to the highest bidder unless a hidden reserve has been agreed upon with the consignor of the item in question. Such a hidden reserve (also called limit or just reserve) shall be the minimum price under which the item will not be sold during the auction. This reserve will be disclosed upon request only and may exceed the estimate. The auctioneer will in this case bid on behalf of the seller against all other bidders until the reserve has been reached. If a reserve is not reached during the auction, the auctioneer will knock down the item to the highest bidder at the final bid, but the sale will be conditional of the acceptance of this final bid by the seller. In this case the highest bidder shall be bound to his/her last bid for a term of 8 days starting with the day of the knockdown. If the winning bidder does not receive a written cancellation notice within this term of 8 days, the knockdown becomes unconditional and the sale is final. Typically, only a minority of all items in an auction have a hidden reserve. § 3) All items shall be subject to differential taxation. A uniform surcharge of 22% plus the value added tax applicable to the surcharge to the amount of 20% shall be added to the achieved highest bid (final and highest bid). Thus, the surcharge shall be 26.4% of the final and highest bid in total. § 4) In the event of sales abroad, the value added tax will be repaid if the item is sold to a country which is not a member country of the European Union (third country), the legal requirements are met, and the proof of exportation is provided. The value added tax shall not be shown separately on the invoice. § 5) The auction buyer must pay the purchase price immediately upon acceptance of the bid (final and highest bid plus 22% surcharge, plus the value added tax applicable to the surcharge to the amount of 20%). However, the company may grant the auction buyer a respite for the payment of the purchase price in whole or in part in individual cases. If a respite is refused, the acceptance of the bid may be revoked, and the item may be reoffered. In the event of revocation of the acceptance of the bid, the company shall be entitled to accept the last bid from the underbidder. § 6) In the event of respite in whole or in part, the company shall be entitled to charge default interest (12% p.a.) as well as storage charges (2.4% pf the final and highest bid per month commenced) after 14 days upon acceptance of the bid. The item purchased at auction shall be handed over exclusively upon full payment of the purchase price including all costs and charges accrued since the acceptance of the bid. § 7) The buyer can take acquired items in possession, as far as possible, immediately or after the end of the auction. Items which have been fully paid for shall be handed over in our show rooms in GALERIE ZACKE, MAIAHILFERSTRASSE 112, 1070 VIENNA. If a deferred purchase price is not paid within the set period, the company shall be entitled to auction the item again in order to recoup its claim from the defaulting auction buyer. In this case, the defaulting auction buyer shall be liable to the company for the total loss of commission incurred by the company due to the re-auctioning as well as for any default interest and storage charges. § 8) The company shall be entitled to a lien on all items of the buyer irrespective of whether the buyer bought them within the scope of an auction or in free sale or the company secured ownership of these items otherwise. This lien shall serve to secure all current and future, qualified, limited and unmatured claims to which the company is entitled and which result from all legal transactions concluded with the buyer. § 9) The items received for auction will be exhibited and may be viewed prior to the auction. In doing so, the company shall give everyone the opportunity to check the nature and the condition of the exhibited items to the extent deemed possible within the scope of the exhibition. Every bidder shall be deemed to act on its own behalf uncles it provides a written confirmation saying that it acts as a representative of a well-known principal. The company may refuse bids; this shall particularly apply if a bidder who is unknown to the company or with whom the company has no business connections yet does not provide security by the beginning of the auction at the latest. However, in principle there shall be no claim to accept a bid. If a bid has been refused, the previous bid shall remain effective. § 10) The company’s experts evaluate and describe the items received for auction and determine the starting prices uncles otherwise stated in the catalogue or expert opinion. The information concerning production technique or material, state of preservation, origin, design and age3 of an item is based on published or otherwise generally accessible (scientific) findings concluded by the company’s expert with the necessary care and accuracy. The company shall warrant to the buyer according to §22 of the AGB (General Terms and Conditions) that properties are correct provided that any possible complaints referring to this are made within four weeks upon their taking into possession. Subsequent complaints shall be excluded in principle. The company shall not be liable for any further information in the catalogue and expert opinion as well. This shall also apply to illustrations in the catalogue. The purpose of these illustrations is to guide the potential buyer during the preview. They shall not be authoritative for the condition or the characteristics of the pictured item. The catalogue and the expert opinions shall only mention defects and damage affecting the artistic or commercial value significantly. Complaints concerning the price shall be excluded upon acceptance of the bid. The company reserves the right to amend catalogue information prior to the auction. These amendments shall be made either by a written notice at the place of auction or orally by the auctioneer immediately prior to offering of the respective item. In this case, the company shall be liable for the amendment only. All items offered may be checked prior to the auction. These items are used. Any claims for damages exceeding the liability named above and resulting from other material defects or other defects of the item shall be excluded. When making the bid, the bidder confirms that it has seen the item prior to the auction and has made sure that the item corresponds to the description.

§ 11) If a customer is not able to participate in an auction personally, the company shall accept purchase orders. These orders may be placed in writing, via email or fax. In the case of a purchase order placed by phone or orally, the company shall reserve the right to make the performance dependent on a confirmation from the principal communicated in writing, via email or fax. Furthermore, the company shall not be liable for the performance of purchase orders. Purchase orders with equal top bid limits will be considered in the order of their receipt. Bids which are only one increment above the starting price shall be exhausted totally. Bids which do not correspond to the increments determined by the company (see bidding increment) in tabular form will be rounded up to the next higher increment. The table of these increments can be sent upon request. In the case of lots auctioned “without any limits”, bids below the estimated price shall be exhausted totally. The written bid (purchase order) must include the item stating the catalogue number and the offered top bid limit which is quoted as the amount of the acceptance of the bid without buyer´s commission and without value added tax. Ambiguities shall be carried by the bidder. A purchase order which has already been placed may only be cancelled if the written withdrawal is received by the company at least 72 hours prior to the beginning of the auction. § 12) The company may refuse to process a purchase order without explanation until offering or make this dependent on payment of a deposit. In the event of an unsuccessful order, such a deposit will be reimbursed by the company within 5 working days. Processing of purchase orders is free of charge. § 13) Every contributor shall in principle be entitled to withdraw the items offered for auction until the start of the auction. Therefore, it is impossible to assume liability or to give warranty for the actual offering. § 14) Items paid must be collected within 30 days of payment. Items which have not been collected may be delivered without further communication at a starting price from the recent auction reduced by 50% after 30 days from the respective auction date. Items which have not been collected within 3 (three) working days after the auction or for which the company does not receive any proper shipping instructions stating the type of shipping and the address of dispatch (independent of a possibly placed purchase order) within 3 (three) working days after the auction shall be stored at the owner´s risk. Furthermore, the company shell be entitled to store item which have been purchased at auction and paid but not collected at the buyer´s risk and expense, including the costs for an insurance, with a forwarding agency. It shall be understood that the provision concerning the re-auctioning of unpaid and paid but not collected items must also apply to items not exhibited or stored on the premises of the company. The ownership shall be transferred the buyer at the time of handing over the delivery note. § 15) In the case of mixed lots with a starting price of less than EUR 350.00, the company shall not warrant for the completeness or correctness of the individual items within a mixed lot. § 16) A registration for a bid by telephone for one or several items shall automatically represent a bid at the starting prices for these items. If the company cannot reach the bidder by telephone, it will bid on behalf of the bidder by phone up to the starting price when the respective auction lot is called. § 17) Payments made to the company by mistake (through the payer´s fault) (e.g. due to miscalculation of the exchange rate by the payer) or payments made to the company for the same invoice several times shall be compensated in form of a credit note for goods for an indefinite period of time. The repayment of such payments in cash shall be excluded. § 18) In the case of individual auction lots, it may happen that they are delivered several times. In such a case, the auctioneer may accept a second or third etc. bid from the underbidder(s) In this case, the text om the catalogue and not the illustration in the catalogue shall also be exclusively binding with regard to the warranty (relating to these auction lots). § 19) When making a bid, whether personally, in writing or by telephone, the bidder shall acknowledge these terms of auction, the AGB (General Terms and Conditions) as well as the rules of procedure and the schedule of fees (as amended) of the company. § 20) The place of performance of the contract brought about between the company on the one hand and the seller as well as the buyer on the other hand shall be the place of business of the company. The legal relationships and contracts existing between the company, the sellers and the buyers shall be subject to the Austrian substantive law. The company, the sellers and the buyers shall agree to settle all disputes resulting from, concerning and in connection with this contract before the territorially competent court of Vienna. § 21) The export of art objects from Austria, when indicated, shall require a permit from the Bundesdenkmalamt [Federal Monuments Office]. In any event, the company shall orally provide information about art objects for which an export permit will probably not be granted at the beginning of the auction. § 22) The company reserves the right to assign to the customer all rights and obligations resulting from the contractual relationship between the company and the contributor by a way of a respective declaration, as well to assign to the contributor all rights and obligations resulting from the contractual relationship between the company and the customer by way of a respective declaration, in each case in terms of a complete assignment of contract with the result that the contractual relationship-following the submission of the aforementioned declarations by the company – shall exclusively be between the contributor and the customer, which is in accordance with the basic model of the commission agreement. Customers and contributors shall already now give their explicit consent to this contract assignment.

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IMPRINT

Publisher Galerie Zacke founded 1968 © SZA Versteigerungen & Vertriebs GmbH 1070 Wien Mariahilferstraße 112, Stiege 1, 2. Stock Austria, Europe Tel (0043-1) 532 04 52 Email: office@zacke.at Editors Lukas Zacke Marion Schor Experts Lukas Zacke Wolfmar Zacken Assistance Maximilian Zacke Photography Georg Bodenstein Design Gregor Zinggl Printing Gröbner Druck, Oberwart Website www.zacke.at © GALERIE ZACKE Reproduction forbidden

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1070 VIENNA AUSTRIA MARIAHILFERSTR ASSE 112 Tel +43 1 532 04 52 Fax +20 E-mail office@zacke.at

www.zacke.at

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