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GERRIT RIETVELD

Dier Xiao, Yuqi Kong, Derrek Chae, Ruby Cowell

Furniture Design SARC 21 2


BIOGRAPHY

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 Gerrit Rietveld was born on the 24 June 1888 in Utrecht, Netherlands.  He lef t school at the age of 11 and became an apprentice, working with his father.  He worked as a draughtsman from 19061911  In 1917 he opened his own furniture workshop.  He was considered a principal member of the De Stijl movement.  He died at the age of 76 on the 25 th June, 1964


IMPACT ON MODERN FURNITURE DESIGN  Rietvelds “red and blue chair” and the Rietveld Schroder House were often seen as core elements in modernism, abstraction, materiality and planarity.  His generative idea however, Emphasizing the sensorial experience through the perception of clear forms, has remained obscured along with his wider works outside of the Netherlands.  He became a virtual contribution that purely focussed on a chair and a building as opposed to an actual 3 dimensional designer. NAi Publishers, 253

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MANIFESTO Rietvelds ultimate objective was to achieve spatial experience focusing on modern living. Zigzag Chair:  To built in terms of simplicity and intelligence which is also a way of understanding of life.  Transition from the primar y plastic element period to the organic tendency.  Purest example of the synthesis between form, function and construction. Kuper, 145

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QUOTE EXPLORATION

“I have always believed that a chair ought to be no more complicated than a drawing pin”

“it is as it were a tiny partition in space that leaves the space untouched it is not a chair but a designers joke” Baroni, Daniele, 127 Kuper, 145


EXAMPLES OF OTHER WORKS 4

Berlin Chair, 1923

6 Steltman Stoel, 1963

5 Mondial, 1956


INFLUENCE ON CONTEMPORARY DESIGN

 The ‘Z’ Chair designed by Zaha Hadid.  The modern representation of the original form appears to have gained inspiration or precedent from Rietvalds Zigzag Chair.  The ideas behind the design are of principles, of suppor t and fluid design.

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similar

structural


INFLUENCE ON CONTEMPORARY DESIGN  The form of the design is functional while it does not contain and displace space but allows it to be perceived as a continuum 8

 Zaha Hadid Architects have developed the original design and made it appear more organic and ergonomic, therefore designing a more effective chair. 9

 The change in materials also gives the design a new dimension and gives a more modern approach on a similar design. 10


REFERENCE “Design’s Odd Man Out Gets Moment in the Sun” http://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/18/arts/18iht-design18.html?_r=0, Web, 20.11.2012 1a

“DJ Lady Aida”, http://www.rebelbass.com/2012/07/09/9461/, Image, Web, 20.11.2012

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“Paris. The utopia of Piet Mondrian at the Centre Pompidou”, http://en.daringtodo.com/2010/12/parigi-lutopia-di-piet-mondrian-al-centrepompidou/, Image, Web, 20.11.2012

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“Zigzag Chair – Design Showcase”, http://www.unique-home-decor-ideas.com/zig-zag-chair.html, Image, Web, 20.11.2012 Dettingmeijer, Rob, Mari Therese van Thoor and Ida van Zijil, eds. Rietveld’s Universe. Rotterdaam, Netherlands: NAi Publishers, 2010. Print.

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“A one-foot house in the Museum District: Unique design highlighted in secluded gallery”, http://houston.culturemap.com/newsdetail/01-0710-a-one-foot-house-in-the-museum-district-unique-design-highlighted-in-secluded-gallery/, Image, Web, 20.11.2012 Kuper, Marjke. Gerrit Th. Rietveld: The Complete Works 188- 1964. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Beeldrecht, 1919. Print. Baroni, Daniele. The Furniture of Gerrit Thomas Rietveld. Woodbury, New York: Barrons, 1977. Print.

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“Rietveld Berlin Chair”, http://www.bonluxat.com/a/Rietveld_Berlin_Chair.html, Image, Web, 20.11.2012

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“Mondial chair NgispeN Gerrit Rietveld”, http://www.artdecodesignshop.co.uk/Mondial-chair-NgispeN-Gerrit-Rietveld-furniture-606.artdeco, Image, Web, 20.11.2012

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“Rietveld Steltman Chair”, http://www.bonluxat.com/a/Rietveld_Steltman_Chair.html, Image, Web, 20.11.2012

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“zaha hadid: z-chair for sawaya & moroni”, http://www.designboom.com/design/zaha-hadid-z-chair-for-sawaya-moroni/, Image, Web, 20.11.2012

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“Visit To Fudge x Zaha Hadid’s Pop Up Salon”, http://bntl.co.uk/site/visit-to-fudge-x-zaha-hadids-pop-up-salon/, Image, Web, 20.11.2012

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Zijl, Ida van. Gerrit Rietveld. London/New York: Phaidon, 2012. Image, Print

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“Dovetailing tips for success”, http://directsalesclassroom.com/2011/06/08/dovetailing/, Image, Web, 20.11.2012


SARC212 TaskOne