THE NEW GUARD THE M A G A Z I N E O F Y O U N G A M E R I C A N S FOR FREEDOM
etters to the Edito . . . And Raise You One Dear Sir: Recently I read of the proposed issue concerning raising the national debt limit. May I ask only one question? What good is having a debt limit if certain people in our government are always raising it? Roger L . Bell Toccoa, Georgia
The Teen Vote Dear Sir: They say that exempting all married men from the draft was a shrewd political move; but wait 'til next October when brother Jack exempts everyone who's going steady. Mike Thompson Miami, Florida
Turn to the High
Dear Sir: Y A F and other conservative organizations have been doing a bang-up job of dissecting political thought and feeling in the nation's colleges and universities. However, one educational field is being sorely neglected, an error that I feel spells the gravest danger for American conservatism. I am speaking of the American high school, where the small group of students who have any interest at all in political activities and national affairs is comprised mainly of Liberal theorists and their fellow-traveling buddies. I am a junior at a Michigan high school and I have become closely acquainted with this problem, not only in my own school but in others throughout the area. T o put it bluntly, if the present trend continues, Y A F will find itself facing extinction as more and more of these Kennedy-fed robots flood the American political scene. I think it is therefore imperative that Y A F organizations all over the country begin to go beyond the college campuses in support for the conservative cause. An d it would be a good idea for T H E N E W G U A R D to start the thing off with an article or two. I am a member of Y A F and proud of it, too. I enjoy T H E N E W G U A R D and I can say in all truthfulness that the publication belongs in a class with National
caliber of its writing and reporting. Bradford A. Lang Lansing, Michigan
YAF does indeed include high school chapters, some of whose fine activities have been chronicled in our ''YAF Roundup" section. More needs to be done in this vital area, and will be. -ED. 2
Dear Sir: I wish to applaud Mrs. Widener's proposal [''Why Not a Young International for Freedom?" by Alice Widener, August N E W G U A R D ] , and I offer my services, as much as I am able, for its development. Let us join with freedom-loving youth in Europe, Latin America, Africa and Asia in one common appeal for common sense. Don't let the zeal of these young people go unnoticed and left to be thwarted under a Communist thumb. Let us strengthen our forces even abroad so that "archao-Marxism" may soon become the joke of British pubs, German taverns and Italian villas. By this action the old leftist argument that we are reactionary isolationists, interested only in ourselves, will be disproved. Even now there is hope. T h a t hope may become a historical fact by the development of an international instrument for freedom. Paul Edward Murray Arlington, Virginia Dear Sir: Why not a Young International for Freedom? Well, this is why; this is not the time. I n the United States, we Young Americans for Freedom have our hands full with national problems and issues, the biggest of which, I believe, is to elect Barry Goldwater in '64. As far as I can tell, conservative youth groups in European and other countries also have their hands full. If we each concentrate on our own country, I am certain we will, with God's help, defeat international Communism. Michael Fantina Bernardsville, New Jersey
Dear Sir: Mrs. Widener has outlined a stirring idea; and Y A F , representing the American youth who are dedicated to freedom, should take the lead in its realization. First, I heartily agree, comes the election of Barry Goldwater. But after that, an international effort among youth is so sorely needed, if only to demonstrate to other young people around the world that there are Americans who realize what Communism is all about. How encouraging would be a "world youth festival" that brings to the fore, not Communist propaganda, but the barbarismsâ€”loudly protestedâ€”of MarxismLeninism. How overdue is a gathering in which youth from many lands express their disgust at international slavery. And for the site of that first ''world youth freedom festival," I propose: a liberated Havana. Cynthia Morrison Berkeley, California
The Folk Scene Dear Sir: Some time ago T H E N E W G U A R D published an article suggesting that folk singing should not be defaulted to the radical left, but, because folk songs are of such a beautifully basic nature, should enhance the principles of freedom. What happened? You'd think someone would have said something in song about the Hungarian Revolution or the tragedy of Cuba (certainly Seeger won't). I play folk guitar and would like to see T H E N E W G U A R D publish such songs. Terry Riley Chicago, Illinois
So would we Terry, and if anyone has come across some good, repeat, good, songs in the folk tradition along this line, send them to us; include both lyrics and music. Be sure to comply with copyright rules if they're not your own. -ED.
The New Guard The M a g a z i n e of Young Americans for Freedom, Inc. Acting
Antoni E. Gollan
Carol D . Bauman
Contributing Editors: W i l l i a m Schulz, K e n n e t h E . T h o m p s o n , A l l a n R y s k i n d , K e n T o m l i n s o n , G a r y Russell, F r e d J. E c k e r t Book Art
J aime Adams
Denis L a r k i n
The N E W GUARD is published monthly by Young Americans for Freedom, Inc., in Washington, D . C . Copyright 1963 in the U . S . A . by Young Americans for Freedom, Inc. A l l correspondence, manuscripts, circulation orders and changes of address should be sent to: The
514 " C " Street, N . E . Washington 2, D . C . Phone: 546-3355
Rates: $4 a year. The editors welcome unsolicited manuscripts but request the enclosure of a self-addressed return envelope- Opinions expressed in signed articles do not necessarily represent the views of the editors. THE N E W
i > T h e v e x i n g r a c i a l p r o b l e m : H o w i n g o o d con-
keep t h a t society free?
n e x t year's first R e p u b l i c a n p r i m a r y , l i b e r a l c o l u m n i s t
suggests s o m e t h i n g a b o u t the N e g r o t h a t
Editor A n d y Gol-
F. K e n n e d y seems to have o v e r l o o k e d ,
Freedman reports: Senator
B a r r y G o l d w a t e r n o w h o l d s a c o m m a n d i n g a n d per-
the n e x t President of the U n i t e d States.
haps decisive lead over G o v e r n o r N e l s o n R o c k e f e l l e r i n this state f o r the R e p u b l i c a n p r e s i d e n t i a l n o m i n a t i o n . "
details, see page 9.
A m u s e d b y those charts t h a t i n t e r c o n n e c t v a r i ous ''conspiracies"?
latest leftist s t u d e n t disturbances
days later. A t a l u n c h e o n of the N a t i o n a l F e d e r a t i o n of R e p u b l i c a n W o m e n , 262 o f the 293 ladies p o l l e d
chose B a r r y as t h e i r p r e s i d e n t i a l f a v o r i t e .
the H o u s e C o m m i t t e e o n U n - A m e r i c a n A c t i v ities are described b y F u l t o n L e w i s , Jr.,
I l l i n o i s a l l three G O P g u b e r n a t o r i a l candidates f o r cover w h e n R o c k e f e l l e r appeared, b u t amaz-
i n g l y p o p p e d u p together at a G o l d w a t e r speech f o u r
F o r one t h a t w i l l leave y o u
i n stitches, see the section b e g i n n i n g o n page 9. i^The
F r o m N e w H a m p s h i r e , the mise en scene
" B y every available test of p u b l i c o p i n i o n
' ' Y o u t h f o r G o l d w a t e r " is f o r m i n g to h e l p d r a f t
science to meet d i s c r i m i n a t i o n i n a free society,
sighs i n Newsweek
B i l l Schulz, Y A F n a t i o n a l b o a r d m e m b e r a n d
Hughes, that o l d T r o j a n Horse,
t h a t who-else-but Nels "has
t r y the o v e r w h e l m i n g l y i m p r o b a b l e . "
an eye-witness at H U A C ' s hearings c o n c e r n i n g that Cuba trip. u^ThG
16th a n n u a l N a t i o n a l Student Association
congress has s i l e n t l y come a n d gone.
A b i t t e r M a d a m e N h u has t e a r f u l l y b l a m e d the U.S.
H a m m o n d e x p l a i n s w h y even the l e f t t h o u g h t
State D e p a r t m e n t f o r its p a r t i n the m i l i t a r y c o u p i n
i t a bore, o n page 14.
1^ A l Regnery, t a l e n t e d son of p u b l i s h e r H e n r y S. Regnery,
V i c t o r Lasky's
never q u i t ,
resulted i n the m u r d e r
a n d her h u s b a n d , N g o D i n h N h u .
News c o m m e n t a t o r s
widely acknowledged that
her charges are p r o b a b l y t r u e .
expose of O u r Leacier, o n page 15. ^^YAF
Viet N a m which
to the c h a g r i n of
biased press was w h a t p r o m p t e d M a d a m e N h u
to come to the U n i t e d States. She w a n t e d to counter-
the L i b e r a l - l e f t . T h e r o u n d - u p of recent chap-
ter activities starts o n page 16.
t h e d i s t o r t e d news
d e s c r i b i n g the
regime as a c r u e l d i c t a t o r s h i p . T h o s e w h o witnessed her successful t r i p a r o u n d the n a t i o n were m o r e t h a n enchanted.
She h a d c o n v i n c e d m a n y A m e r i c a n s t h a t
there was m o r e at stake t h a n the i m a g i n e d grievances
THE N E W
of V i e t Namese B u d d h i s t s . N o w her g o v e r n m e n t has
been treacherously betrayed by the K e n n e d y A d m i n i s tration.
The M a g a z i n e of Y o u n g A m e r i c a n s for Freedom, Inc.
Clare B o o t h L u c e , w r i t i n g i n National
V i e t N a m to the b e t r a y a l of C h i n a , a n d i n d e e d , we are c o n v i n c e d t h a t this analogy is a s o u n d one.
V O L . I l l , No.
c o m p a r e d the A d m i n i s t r a t i o n ' s a b a n d o n m e n t o f
sider w h a t has been c o m p r o m i s e d :
T h e U.S. C o m m i t m e n t to " D e m o c r a c y " , always h e l d as an i d e a l t h r o u g h o u t m u c h o f Asia a n d L a t i n A m e r -
Table of Contents ARTICLES Vote N O on NSA How Y A F Fought the Test Ban Treaty 'Youth for Goldwater' U n d e r w a y The Real Plot Leftists Disrupt HUAC W i l l i a m Schulz Radicalism Takes a Breather Geoffrey H a m m o n d
ica, is n o w a mockery. 7 8 9 9 12 14
Y A F Roundup OCTOBER 1963
D i e m was
H e w i l l be replaced b y a m i l i t a r y
c o m p o s i t i o n is n o t
W h e n a s i m i l a r c o u p t o o k place
i n the D o m i n i c a n
R e p u b l i c , the U.S. g o v e r n m e n t a n d the press m o u r n e d the passing of J u a n Bosch's " d e m o c r a t i c " g o v e r n m e n t . Not
so i n S o u t h V i e t N a m .
DEPARTMENTS Letters to the Editor Editorials Editor's Corner Books
c r a t i c a l l y elected.
K e n n e d y A d m i n i s t r a t i o n ' s r e c o r d o f appease-
m e n t , already a p p a l l i n g , has been a m p l i f i e d . H o w can
A n t o n i E. G o l l a n A l f r e d S. Regnery
2 3 6 15
we e x p l a i n to o u r Free W o r l d allies t h a t i t is possible
for us to t o p p l e a freely-elected, a n t i - C o m m u n i s t gove r n m e n t i n S o u t h V i e t N a m , w h i l e we cannot b u d g e a t i n h o r n d i c t a t o r l i k e Castro o n l y n i n e t y miles f r o m shores? 3
Treaty's 'Biggest Danger' T h e h e a v i l y censored test-ban treaty t e s t i m o n y of A i r Force G e n . T h o m a s A . Power, chief of the Strategic A i r C o m m a n d , has been released. T h e effect of the treaty o n o u r defense readiness, f o r those w h o d o u b t e d i t , is n o t g o o d . N o t a single w a r h e a d f o r the i n t e r c o n t i n e n t a l A t l a s , T i t a n or M i n u t e m a n b a l l i s t i c missiles has been operat i o n a l l y tested i n an a c tua l l a u n c h ; o n l y the Polaris has been thus developed. G e n . Power t o l d the Senate A r m e d Services Preparedness s u b c o m m i t t e e : " W e have never c o m p l e t e l y tested any of o u r n u c l e a r weapons or missiles, w i t h the except i o n of one Polaris, i n S A G s arsenal. N o n e of the missiles have been tested o p e r a t i o n a l l y f r o m stockpile t o d e t o n a t i o n . I t h i n k this is a m a j o r mistake. I t h i n k they s h o u l d have been tested a l l the way. I have repeatedly requested t h a t these tests be h e l d b u t i n a l l instances h i g h e r officials have o v e r r u l e d m e . " A s k e d s u b c o m m i t t e e c h a i r m a n J o h n Stennis (D.Miss.): " A n d i f we go i n t o the test-ban agreement, we w o i d d be p r e c l u d e d f r o m ever m a k i n g these tests?" " T h a t is co rr e c t, " answered G e n . Power. " I t is the biggest danger i n v o l v e d i n this treaty. I t w i l l leave us i n a p o s i t i o n i n w h i c h the Soviet U n i o n has f u l l y tested a l l of t h e i r missiles a n d nuclear warheads, b u t we have n o t . "
Echoes of Budapest J o h n F. K e n n e d y , b y p r e p a r i n g to w h i t e w a s h the K a d a r r e g i m e v i a d i p l o m a t i c r e c o g n i t i o n , seems i n t e n t u p o n b e t r a y i n g the H u n g a r i a n p a t r i o t s w h o gave t h e i r lives so t h a t t h e i r h o m e l a n d m i g h t be free of the Soviet boot. I t was seven years ago this m o n t h t h a t Soviet tanks w h i c h h a d r u m b l e d o u t of Budapest a week earlier g r o u n d t o a h a l t , t u r n e d a b o u t , a n d secretly made t h e i r way back to s u r r o u n d the city a n d those brave p a t r i o t s w h o h a d shouted, "Russians, go h o m e ! " ''During the subsequent days/' ivrites eye-ivitness Leslie B. Bain, ''the Soviet Army nearly reduced Budapest to its 1945 state, when 70 per cent of the houses in the city were destroyed or damaged. . . . Noio the housefor-a-bullet policy was adopted, which meant that if a sniper bullet was fired from any building the whole building was razed. Soviet tanks roared up and down the ave72ues, boulevards, streets and squares blowing gaping holes in buildings and making them uninhabitable. It was a grim policy which in one week's time turned the city into a shambles. The battle, or whatever it may be called technically, lasted for five days, and for several days thereafter isolated pockets of resistance continued, withering away slowly and finally dying out altogether/' 4
Before the 1956 H u n g a r i a n R e v o l u t i o n was crushed, a n d thousands of its p a r t i c i p a n t s b r u t a l l y slaughtered. R a d i o Free H u n g a r y a m o n g the d y i n g embers issued its final plea t o the W e s t : " F o r the sake of G o d a n d freedom, help us." T h e West, f o r the sake of t i m i d i t y a n d let's n ot embarrass-the-Russians, d i d n o t helpâ€”seven years ago this m o n t h .
Our Allies Help Castro H a v i n g n o p o l i c y designed to r i d C u b a of C o m m u n i s m , the K e n n e d y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n moreover has yet t o persuade a l l i e d n a t i o n s to stop helping the Castro regime. I t seems i n c r e d i b l e , b u t free w o r l d s h i p p i n g continues to o u t n u m b e r Soviet s h i p p i n g t o C o m m u n i s t C u b a . I n J u l y , the last m o n t h accounted for, 37 free w o r l d ships called o n C u b a n ports, as opposed to 24 Soviet ships. T h e Kennedy administration's " i n f o r m a l embargo" o n trade w i t h C u b a has been i g n o r e d by n o less t h a n 164 ships f r o m 13 nations since i t was a n n o u n c e d . T h e Federal M a r i t i m e A d m i n i s t r a t i o n reports 49 of the ships have been B r i t i s h , w h i l e 49 have flown the Greek flag. Representative P a u l Rogers of F l o r i d a , a D e m o c r a t , notes the N e w F r o n t i e r p o l i c y v a c u u m w i t h a l a r m , dec l a r i n g " t h e A m e r i c a n people s h o u l d n o t be satisfied u n t i l there are n o free w o r l d ships c a l l i n g o n the C o m m u n i s t p o rt s of C u b a . " Rogers commends C h i l e as one W e s t e r n n a t i o n havi n g c o m p l e t e l y cut off trade a n d s h i p p i n g to C u b a since the b e g i n n i n g of the year, a n d suggests t h a t " o t h e r free w o r l d n a t i o n s " f o l l o w Chile's e x a m p l e i n the struggle against Castro. T h e U n i t e d States, i t w o u l d appear, has m u c h to l e a r n f r o m t i n y Chileâ€”at least u n t i l the K e n n e d y a d m i n i s t r a t i o n determines to eradicate C o m m u n i s m f r o m C u b a , a n d t h a t o u r allies s h o u l d n o t defy t h a t d e t e r m i n a t i o n .
Castro and Negroes T o l i s t e n t o those r e t u r n i n g " s t u d e n t " Castrophiles, y o u ' d t h i n k R e d C u b a was second heaven. O n e of t h e i r claims is t h a t c o n d i t i o n s f o r Negroes are m u c h better i n C u b a t h a n i n the U n i t e d States. C u b a n Negroes, h o w ever, t e l l a d i f f e r e n t story. T h e Association of E x i l e d Negroes i n M i a m i r e p o r t s t h a t m o r e t h a n 50,000 C u b a n Negroes have presented a p p l i c a t i o n s t o leave the c o u n t r y . T h e Castro r e g i m e , however, has d e n i e d permission to t h e m a l l , v i e w i n g a p o t e n t i a l mass exodus of Negroes as a p r o p a g a n d a setback. Association leaders Oscar Paez a n d Carlos M . L l u c h , f o r m e r N e g r o l a b o r leaders i n the sugar i n d u s t r y , a d d : THE NEW G U A R D
" W e have organized the association i n exile so t h a t , together w i t h o u r w h i t e brothers, we m a y give the l i e to the w o r d s of the t y r a n t Castro, w h o bragged t h a t he a n d his r e g i m e of o p p r o b r i u m a n d misery have l i b e r a t e d o u r c o u n t r y ; a n d especially t h a t he has freed a n d redeemed the N e g r o race. " O n the c o n t r a r y , o u r N e g r o brothers i n C u b a today are m o r e enslaved t h a n they ever were i n the past, w h e n n o class struggle a n d m u c h less r a c i a l struggle existed."
'Learning to Taste' T h e D e p a r t m e n t of A g r i c u l t u r e n o w features a f i l m s t r i p e n t i t l e d " M e e t i n g the Needs of O u r School L u n c h Customers," r e v e a l i n g h o w to i n d o c t r i n a t e school c h i l d r e n t o w a r d b u y i n g Federally-subsidized lunches. T h e script a c c o m p a n y i n g the f i l m s t r i p is r e v e a l i n g . T h e most effective m e t h o d of persuasion, the script teaches, is serving o n l y the Federal l u n c h " w i t h o u t choice." B u t there are o t h e r ways t o o ; a n d i f those methods d i l u t e the r e g u l a r process of e d u c a t i o n , w e l l , first t h i n g s first. As images flicker o n t o the screen, the script declares: "In
schools w h e r e the p r o g r a m is most successful,
teachers relate the school l u n c h p r o g r a m to t h e i r classr o o m activities." And:
Reds Look to Youth " T h e C o m m u n i s t s c o n t i n u e t h e i r interest i n A m e r i can y o u n g people, a n d the desire to send C o m m u n i s t speakers
" H e r e , a teacher takes a g r o u p of c h i l d r e n o n a
if anything, i n -
creased." T h a t news comes f r o m H e r b e r t R o m e r s t e i n , h i m s e l f a f o r m e r y o u n g C o m m u n i s t w h o b r o k e w i t h the p a r t y i n 1950 a n d w h o is today one of the b e s t - i n f o r m e d people i n the U n i t e d States o n p a r t y activities. R o m e r s t e i n reports o n increased
C o m m u n i s t atten-
t i o n to y o u t h i n an excellent study p u b l i s h e d last m o n t h by the Senate I n t e r n a l Security subcommittee. Romerstein
warns t h a t " i n the c o m i n g year. C o m -
m u n i s t activities w i l l appear o n the nation's campuses. Some w i l l appear
as o p e n l y C o m m u n i s t . Others
represent the Progressive Y o u t h O r g a n i z i n g C o m m i t t e e or the local C o m m u n i s t y o u t h organizations such
A d v a n c e [a R e d y o u t h g r o u p i n N e w Y o r k C i t y ] or Socialist Y o u t h U n i o n [a s i m i l a r g r o u p i n P h i l a d e l p h i a ] . S t i l l others w i l l represent ' c i v i l r i g h t s ' or ' c i v i l liberties' groups." A l l i n a l l , Romerstein's
62-page f a c t u a l r e p o r t is a
s t a r t l i n g eye-opener. The and
t o u r of the school k i t c h e n , where they w a t c h cooks w e i g h
t i t l e is " T h e
Communist International Youth
Student A p p a r a t u s " ; the address: Senate I n t e r n a l
Senate Office B u i l d i n g ,
servings of h a m f o r the sandwiches t h a t d a y . " And:
" A t this t a s t i n g p a r t y , the l u n c h e o n d i r e c t o r
passes o u t brussels sprouts o n a t o o t h p i c k t o second graders. . . . T h i s *learning-to-taste' practice is e m p l o y e d i n m a n y schools." T h e r e n o w J i m m y , come a l o n g n o w , a n d U n c l e O r ville w i l l
y o u to taste Federal
swallow i t .
Not Just a Fad As t h o u g h R o c k y a n d Jack w e r e n ' t p e r s p i r i n g e n o u g h as i t is, sweatshirts seem to be p o p p i n g u p everywhere; a n d they have a p i c t u r e of B a r r y G o l d w a t e r o n the front. T h e y were a l l over the n a t i o n a l Y o u n g R e p u b l i c a n c o n v e n t i o n . T h e y ' v e been s h o w n o n the H u n t l e y B r i n k l e y a n d W a l t e r C r o n k i t e television newscasts, a n d p i c t u r e d i n Time, Newsweek a n d Life ( p r o v i d i n g backg r o u n d f o r a n o t - s o - " h a p p y " M r s . Rockefeller i n Time was someone w e a r i n g a—you guessed i t ) . A n d one p r o m i n e n t p u b l i c official i n W a s h i n g t o n has been h e a r d to say w i s t f u l l y , " I d r e a m e d I got the c o u n t r y m o v i n g again i n m y G o l d w a t e r sweatshirt." Y o u can get yours, i n c i d e n t a l l y , f r o m A m e r i c a n Features, r o o m 523, State L i f e B u i l d i n g , I n d i a n a p o l i s , I n d i a n a . T h e y cost $3.95 apiece, a n d sizes come i n , app r o p r i a t e l y e n o u g h , m a l e a n d female. OCTOBER
U Tiiant's Double Standard A l t h o u g h consistently r e f u s i n g to criticize the barbarisms of i n t e r n a t i o n a l C o m m u n i s m , U n i t e d N a t i o n s secretary general U T h a n t has p u b l i c l y scorned the gove r n m e n t of S o u t h V i e t N a m . Said U T h a n t recently: " I cannot t h i n k of any other c o u n t r y where the s i t u a t i o n is as chaotic as i n t h a t u n f o r t u n a t e c o u n t r y . O n e of the great virtues of democracy is its a b i l i t y t o change governments w i t h o u t recourse t o force—a feature w h i c h is completely absent i n the Rep u b l i c of V i e t N a m . A n o t h e r great v i r t u e of democracy is t h a t i t uses persuasion a n d n o t force i n the c o n d u c t of its affairs—another feature c o m p l e t e l y absent i n the Rep u b l i c of V i e t N a m . " C u r i o u s l y , U T h a n t ' s t u n e is q u i t e d i f f e r e n t w h e n speaking of the C o m m u n i s t s . O n A p r i l 11, 1958—after the K o r e a n W a r a n d the H u n g a r i a n R e v o l u t i o n — h e r e is w h a t U T h a n t h a d to say a b o u t w o r l d C o m m u n i s m : " I t is n o t o u r business to pass j u d g m e n t o n the i n t e r n a l affairs of o t h e r coimtries. T h e r e c o g n i t i o n of this basic fact enables us to subscribe to the p r i n c i p l e s of peaceful coexistence. . . . Fear of Soviet C o m m u n i s m has l e d the U n i t e d States, a n d those w h o f o l l o w her lead, t o take a d i s t o r t e d v i e w of the w o r l d s i t u a t i o n , a n d of the forces t h a t are at w o r k i n m o d e r n society." 5
Negroes Have Been Failed b y A n t o n i E.
Perhaps, then, it is not possible for whites to know, to feel, what i t is to be a Negro. Fleetingly, one experiences the anger and frustration as a newsreel reveals four young peopleâ€”three Negroes and a whiteâ€”seated at a Mississippi lunch counter surrounded by several hundred jeering whites who pour salt, ketchup and mustard over the four, p u l l them from their chairs, kick them. "There is a time i n the childhood of every Negro when he realizes he is different," says Negro writer W i l l i a m M . Kelley. Existence as a Negro, Kelley observes, involves a perplexing duality of attitudes from varying quarters: "More mystical Negroes w i l l tell h i m [the Negro] he is a 'brother,' that his skin knows innately things the white man w i l l never know, that i t has natural rhythm, the natural talents of dancing, singing and athletics, that he is innately 'soulful' and i n the next breath w i l l condemn the white man for believing i n the stereotypes of natural athletic and show-business talent. " W h i t e bigots w i l l tell h i m that he is lazy, shiftless, dull-witted and jovial, and that he is also sullen, conniving, and has enough energy to pursue, catch and rape any white woman w i t h i n a hundred miles. Professional liberals w i l l treat h i m as a cause, w i l l tell h i m he should get the same treatment as any other human being, but w i l l forgive h i m the most vulgar behavior as if he were some big, dumb animal. He w i l l have been told all manner of things about himself, and chances are he w i l l be able to see none of these things i n himself." I t takes a subtle sense of humor to list those observations; and from the plight of the Negro has evolved an ability to laugh at himself that possibly has been his salvation. Dick Gregory tells the story of a Negro at a lunch counter being told, "Sorry, we don't serve Negroes here." That's okay, says the Negro, I didn't want one. T h a t sort of joke would doubtless shock John F. Kennedy, whose sterile political attitude toward the Negro sug6
gests he does not know, or care to know the people w i t h whom he has had " l i m i t e d experience." I n all his demagogy, Kennedy has yet to say the right thingsâ€”just as he has yet to stop playing golf on a segregated course, and yet to send his daughter to a desegregated school. Ex-ballplayer Jackie Robinson has written of Kennedy: ". . . he can easily broaden his 'limited experience' with Negroes by making a point of meeting, talking with and including i n his official associations more Negro Americans on every level. There are no segregation laws i n Washington or the North to prevent h i m from getting to know other people and to understand our problems as he asks us to understand his." Following the Democratic convention, the gifted left-wing columnist Murray Kempton observed that Kennedy went "by his own wish into the campaign with the strongest civil rights plank that the Democratic Party has ever written. Yet there is no escaping the recognition that he played his part in that plank merely because he had counted noses and knew what he had to do." Because i t simply is not i n the cards for the conservative movement to be enlisted i n the vanguard of the Negro movement, or to gain substantial i n creases i n the Negro vote, conservatives do not have to "count noses" before acting i n behalf of the Negro. A n d that allows a certain freedom, and a moral favor higher than that bestowed merely by political reward. For guidance we need look no further than the next president of the United States. Barry Goldwater has been instrumental i n desegregating Arizona's National Guard, public schools and airport restaurants. The f ^ i l y - o w n e d department stores have hired many Negroes, one of whom holds a junior executive position. Goldwater d i d not have to "count noses" before considering the condition of other humans. Since then the Negro movement has
created, for lack of a better word, a national awareness; and why not? When, last month, a Negro church was bombed, k i l l i n g four little girls, the mayor of Birmingham cried. There are priorities, such as national survival. But why not object when someone conversationally uses the word "nigger"? There is little more reason for countenancing that than there is for allowing someone to get away, unchallenged, with calling Barry Goldwater a racist. One campus conservative publication has listed the community stores and eating places which segregate, so that those offended by the practice may take their business elsewhere. Another conservative group on a Southern campus lent its prestige to efforts to desegregate the school. These groups d i d not sacrifice more identifiable political projects concerning Cuba, nuclear testing and the NSA. They simply d i d what they believed to be just. I t is true that the Supreme Court has r u n amuck, true that states rights are a vital guarantor of freedom and must be preserved, true that the right of private property is crucial (when government can tell you what to do with your own property, there isn't much left i t can't do). And i t is true that amazing progress has been made by Negroes, true that there exists segregation of a more i n sidious sort i n the North, true that the South has been made a whipping boy, true that some Negro elements have contributed to violence, true that some areas exhibit disproportionate crime and illegitimacy rates, true that some Negro demands are patently absurd (i.e., "quotas"), true that the effect of racial turmoil on international affairs has been grossly exaggerated, true that Communists exploit the race issue, true that a conservative Republican party would no more be the "white man's party" than the Democratic party is the "black man's party." But it is also true that, i n many cases, people who rightly protest some current avenues of the Negro movement silently prefer none at all. THE NEW
As Labor D a y 1963 dawned over the University of Indiana campus and the last of the NSA faithful packed u p their bureaucratic trappings and headed back to the tax free home office i n Philadelphia, the 16th National Student Association Congress became history. Elsewhere i n these pages you w i l l find an eye w i t ness account of the NSA activities and a future issue of the New Guard w i l l concern itself w i t h a f u l l evaluation of the policy changes and actions taken b y NSA at the Bloomington meeting. For the time being the so-called NSA "reforms" can best be characterized as so much " w i n d o w dressing" designed to take the heat off NSA for its far left w i n g stands on hundreds of issues. Perhaps the Indianapolis Times best summed i t up. "The legislation that was passed (at the NSA Congress) was liberal. I t was oriented toward what should be done and rested so strongly on a base of idealism that i t can be best characterized as to the left of the N e w Frontier." YAF Opposes NSA A t a meeting of the national board of directors of Y A F i n Washington in early September a report was given on the NSA Congress b y T o m Huston, Midwestern Y A F Regional Chairman and YAF's official representative at the NSA Congress. Others who were present, including Fulton Lewis I I I and N e w York State Y A F Chairman, Bill Boerum, w h o was an NSA delegate f r o m Manhattan College, also gave their views. After a lengthy discussion the following resolution was adopted: WHEREAS, the National Student Association in its policy declarations does not confine its interest and activity solely to issues relating to students as students, and to student governments as student governments, and WHEREAS, the National Student Association has persisted in being a political organization, concerning itself primarily with issues of national and international affairs, and WHEREAS, OCTOBER 1963
delegates to Congresses of the National Student Association who cast votes on controversial political issues on behalf of their campuses have not achieved their right to represent their fellow students by virtue of submitting themselves and their political views to the campus electorate in a democratic elective process, and WHEREAS, the National Student Association does not require its delegate legislators to be elected into this capacity by the respective member campuses, and WHEREAS, delegate legislators to Congresses of the National Student Association have repeatedly rejected resolutions which tvould mandate such democratic requirements; therefore, IT IS DECLARED TO BE THE OFFICIAL POLICY OF YOUNG AMERICANS FOR FREEDOM, INC. TOWARD THE UNITED STATES NATIONAL STUDENT ASSOCIATION that: (1) Young Americans For Freedom opposes NSA as presently constituted. (2) Until such time as NSA requires all delegate legislators to he selected by the students of member campuses in democratically conducted elections in which candidates for delegate status reveal their positions on political issues of concern to NSA, or until such time as NSA requires all delegate legislators to be democratically elected student government officials and limits the scope of NSA activity to matters directly relating to students as students, and student governments as student governments. Young Americans for Freedom, Inc. urges all colleges and universities to oppose attempts to affiliate their school with the National Student Association, and where schools are presently affiliated, Young Americans For Freedom, Inc., encourages their withdrawal from the National Student Association. (3) In instances in which it is impossible to obtain withdrawal of a school from NSA, or where opposition to affiliating a school with NSA fails. Young Americans For Freedom, Inc., encourages proper action to insure that local NSA delegates are selected in such a way as to honestly reflect student political opinion. (4) Young Americans For Freedom, Inc. is in accord with the reforms in structure adopted at the 15th and 16th National Congresses, and strongly urges the organization to voluntarily adopt further reforms to insure a full and fair democratic voice to all students on member campuses.
NSA Sinking Fast Since college sessions have resumed across the nation since last September NSA has been fighting a losing battle against withdrawals of more schools from its thinning ranks. The most often cited reasons for such increasing rejection of NSA is its decidedly leftist political views and the fact that schools w h o remain i n get little i n return for the high dues they are forced to pay for membership.
IF YOU HAVE ANY I N F O R M A T I O N A B O U T N.S.A. A C T I V I T Y O N YOUR C A M PUS please forward i t to Y A F National Headquarters immediately. Copies of Y A F s Report on NSA are available for $1.00 each from Headquarters.
I n early October the University of Delaware student senate voted down proposed affiliation w i t h NSA. The U . of D . Review noted that the vote was based on "criticisms of their constant leftist political views, w h i c h they hold to be those of the American college student, and of the small minority of "professional students" who fill executive positions . . Delaware Y A F Chairman John Tobin notes that Y A F led the fight against NSA at Delaware. O n October 4 t h the University of Florida at Gainesville held a campuswide referendum on proposed NSA affiliation. Leading the anti-NSA battle was the newly reorganized Y A F chapter headed by George J. Hubert, Jr. Y A F secretary Sue Keller reports that the vote against NSA was 3,098, and for i t only 493. Commented The Florida Alligator i n a headline: "Students Smash NSA A f filiation." O n October 18th the Vanderbilt U n i v e r s i t y s t u d e n t senate v o t e d unanimously to quit NSA. The vote was 24-0. Bob Brame, student senator said that NSA was "ignoring its watchword of academic freedom and democratic processes." Several students w h o were delegates to the NSA Congress this year said N S A was acting against its o w n purpose. One said; "Those w h o oppose the policies of the national executive committee of N S A find (Continued on page 18) 7
How YAF Fought the Test Ban Treaty Young Americans for Freedom mounted the only nationally organized petition campaign against the Kennedy-Khrushchev Nuclear Test Ban Treaty. F r o m the moment the text of the treaty was released i n Moscow i n early August Y A F was working on a nationwide campaign to alert America to the danger of such a pact. National Chairman Bob Bauman, testifying before the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, said that the treaty was "a grave threat to the national security of the United States and a threat to freedom everywhere." These words were published i n newspapers w i t h a combined circulation of more than 15 million readers.
15,000 Petition Senate Just before the final Senate vote on the treaty. National Chairman Bauman held a press conference on the steps of the Capitol together w i t h Senator Strom Thurmond of South Carolina. Bauman presented the Senate through Thurmond more than 15,000 names on petitions w h i c h were gathered by
Y A F members i n every state i n the Union. Press and radio-TV coverage was extensive. Among the 19 Senators who had the courage to vote against the treaty, Y A F Advisory Board members Goldwater of Arizona, Tower of Texas, Bennett of Utah and Thurmond of South Carolina were included.
Local Chapters Join Fight Immediately, state and local Y A F leaders went into action, gathering thousands of signatures on petitions urging the Senate to reject the treaty. Massachusetts Y A F Chairman Jack Moleswortk told his fellow Bay Staters that ratification w o u l d "seriously jeopardize" the free w o r l d . The Chairman of Irving, Texas Y A F , Rick Kilgore, cited the long record of broken Soviet promises. I n N o r t h Carolina, Y A F leader Bill Wicker said the treaty "may well mean the eventual elimination of the U.S. as a military power." Delaware Y A F Chairman John Tobin told the Wilmington Journal: " T o reject this treaty on the grounds that we w i l l not compromise our security or our principles i n any accommodations w i t h International Communism is to face the realities of the communist conspiracy." Westchester N e w York Y A F called the treaty "suicidal." Echoing Senator Goldwater, Pennsylvania Y A F Chairman B u d W a n d ling insisted that the Soviets should at least be required to w i t h d r a w their troops f r o m Cuba before any test ban agreement. Randall Grindle, Chairman of the Baltimore, Maryland, Council of Y A F , noted that "The test ban treaty is the type of border-line agreement that the Communists delight i n imposing on their enemies. America simply cannot survive a n u clear-age Pearl Harbor." Monterey County, California Y A F , headed b y Eric Seastrand, bought a f u l l page ad in the local press to urge a " n o " vote on the treaty.
O N CAPITOL HILLâ€”Senator Strom Thurmond of S.C. listens a s National Y A F Chairman Bob Bauman announces that more than 15,000 Americans h a d signed Y A F petitions opposing the nuclear test ban treoty.
Thurmond Praises Y A F In Senate Mr. T H U R M O N D . M r . President, the Y o u n g A m e r i c a n s f o r F r e e d o m , w h i c h is o n e of t h e finest a n d m o s t p a t r i o t i c organizations i n the United States, h a s p r e s e n t e d to m e , f o r t h e S e n a t e , a p e t i t i o n w h i c h b e a r s t h e n a m e s of a b o u t 15,000 people, f r o m e v e r y S t a t e i n t h e U n i o n , w h o a r e opposed to r a t i f i c a t i o n of t h e n u c l e a r test b a n t r e a t y by t h e S e n a t e . I s h o u l d j u s t l i k e to r e a d w h a t t h e petition states:
Young Americans for Freedom, the Nation's largest conservative youth organization in the land, has presented this petition: "Whereas ^he XJ.S.S.R. has broken 50 or 52 major treaties or agreements with the United States; and "Whereas no scientific evidence has been produced which assures the United States of detecting nuclear tests in the atmosphere by the U.S.S.R.; and "Whereas history has recorded that disarmament proceedings by the United States have encouraged the enemy to increase aggression; and "Whereas the treaty will maintain the Communist U.S.S.R. superiority in the field of multimegaton weapons and antimissile weapons; and "Whereat any agreement between the Soviet Union, Great Britain, and the United States will imply our trust in the CJommunist leadership, thus rendering our antiCommunist efforts worthless; and "Whereas scientific evidence concludes that radioactive fallout from testing is not a danger in the immediate or foreseeable future: Therefore be it "Resolved, That the \indersigned petition the U.S. Senate to defeat President Kennedy's nuclear test ban treaty with the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics."
Following t h a t petition are the n a m e s of t h e v a r i o u s p e r s o n s w h o s i g n e d , f r o m various States. A s I have stated, there are petitions signed by persons f r o m every State i n the Nation. I t a k e t h i s o p p o r t u n i t y to c o m m e n d the Ydung Americans for Freedom for their activity i n this connection. I h a d t h e p l e a s u r e of a d d r e s s i n g t h e Y o u n g Americans for Freedom last spring. T h e r e m u s t h a v e b e e n 18,000 to 20,000 of t h e m p r e s e n t i n N e w Y o r k C i t y a t t h a t time. I t is m o s t e n c o u r a g i n g to f i n d t h a t t h o u s a n d s of y o u n g people o n o u r college campuses a n d elsewhere are standing so s t r o n g l y f o r f r e e d o m a n d t h e p r e s e r v a t i o n of a n a t i o n a l d e f e n s e p o s t u r e to i n s u r e t h e m a i n t e n a n c e of o u r f r e e d o m s in this country. After all, Mr. President, t h e f u t u r e of o u r c o u n t r y belongs to o u r y o u n g people of t o d a y . I feel t h a t this organization is r e n d e r ing A m e r i c a a great service, a n d I a m proud that the high caliber membership contained i n the organization h a s seen fit to oppose t h e n u c l e a r t e s t b a n t r e a t y , e v e n t h o u g h i t m a y n o t be t h e p o p u l a r t h i n g to do, a n d e v e n t h o u g h t h e p r o p a g a n d a of a l l t h e n e t w o r k s a n d m o s t of the news media i n the United S t a t e s â€” n o t a l l , b u t m o s t of t h e m , a n d m o s t of t h e l a r g e r ones, a r e t a k i n g a c o n t r a r y position. Again. I commend the Y o u n g A m e r i cans for Freedom. I congratulate t h e m for the great service they are rendering to o u r c o u n t r y ; a n d I e s p e c i a l l y c o m m e n d t h e m for obtaining this petition against the n u c l e a r test b a n treatyTHE NEW
Youth for Goldwater
A high school senior i n California confesses that "my loyalty lies w i t h the Senator rather than w i t h his party." From Indiana, a nineteen-year-old boy writes that he is a member of the Young Democrats but intends to support Barry Goldwater for the presidency. A college student from Pennsylvania says he hopes to be able to cast his very first vote for Goldwater i n 1964. These are but a few samples taken at random from a host of letters which began arriving at the offices of the Draft Goldwater Committee i n Washington, D . C , i n early A p r i l . A universal question is posed by almost every one 'of these lettersâ€”"What can I do to help i n the Goldwater campaign?" The Draft Goldwater Committee is preparing a reply to that question. A n important adjunct of the committee, and later during the actual campaign, w i l l be "Youth for Goldwater," an organization made up of working clubs on campuses, i n high schools, and i n towns and cities all over the country. Chosen to head the national organization of Yoiuh for Goldwater clubs is James Harff, 23, former national chairman of the college Young Republicans. Harff, a senior at Northwestern University, w i l l direct club activities and be national spokesman for the youth movement to nominate and elect Barry Goldwater. Jim's credentials among both YR and conservative circles are impeccable, and his demonstrated capacity for leadership should provide Youth for Goldwater w i t h vitality.
Assisting Harff is another seasoned young politico, Carol Bauman, who w i l l serve as executive secretary. Her experience as head of the college organization for the Nixon-Lodge campaign w i l l be freely drawn upon during the next crucial 10 months before the nominating convention i n San Francisco. J i m and Carol are already at work setting up state organizations, replying to the hundreds of letters received from young people all over the nation, and drafting literature, manuals, OCTOBER
and programs for use by individual clubs. Both advise i t is not too early to begin campaigning i n earnest. T o those who ask "what can I do," they reply by sending a ten point checklist of activities which can be engaged i n now. T h e i r list includes the obvious first step, calling an organizational meeting, and continues w i t h suggestions which even very small, informally organized groups can carry out. They recommend: Setting up a centrally located booth to sign up members and sell Goldwater materials (bumper stickers, buttons, pins, hats, and novelty items available by request from Youth for Goldwater, P. O. Box 1964, Washington, D . C ) , conducting a poll on campus or i n the community on the preference of young people for the Republican presidential nomination, circulating Goldwater for President petitions, seeking publicity for the group through news releases, rallies or public meetings. They also advise all who wish to embark on this program of activity to plan ahead. Be certain, they say, to obtain school administration permission before setting up a booth, for example. Announce rallies, meetings, or other
events far enough i n advance so that they w i l l receive maximum coverage. A l l of these ideas and many others w i l l be covered i n an organizational manual to be available soon from Youth for Goldwater. Once organized, clubs w i l l also get periodic program suggestions, important announcements about developments i n the campaign, and a monthly Youth for Goldwater newsletter. I n return, the national organization requests local clubs to mail in news items or pictures about their activities. Probably the greatest asset of the Youth for Goldwater organization is that i t reflects the ardent, uncompromising dedication of all the young people i t w i l l serve. What nominating convention can resist the pleas of young men such as seventeen-year-old Gene Johnson of Ogden, Iowa, whose letterto-the editor recently appeared i n the Des Moines Register: "Since I am 17 and cannot vote, I would like the voters of Iowa to weigh each possible candidate's ability to defeat the present administration . . . Goldwater is the only hope for getting away from our 'No W i n ' policy, cutting Federal spending and restoring respect to the highest office i n the l a n d . "
For the Reaj PLOT, Turn the Page . . . Countless oh-so-serious psychologists have solemnly remarked upon the "paranoia" of far, far right-wingers who busy themselves by literally charting the devious interconnections between various "conspiracies." No doubt you've seen some of those charts. No doubt you've been amused. Well, not to be outdone by the lunatic right, the AFL-CIO's powerful Committee on Political Education (COPE) has, thank goodness, charted still another conspiracy. A n d this enterprise should send the head shrinkers scurrying to their dusty volumes i n sheer ecstasy. The chart, reproduced on the next pages from COPE's Political Memo of September 9, purports to depict how the " J O H N B I R C H H I G H C O M M A N D I N T E R L O C K S W I T H O T H E R R I G H T I S T GROUPS T O F O R M D I R E C T O R A T E OF R E A C T I O N . " Adds COPE, helpfully: " I t is impossible to trace all the lines on the chart. But w i t h patience, good eyesight and the help of a ruler, most of the connections can be f o u n d . " Believe i t or not, they're serious. What follows reveals less about the far right than i t does about the people at COPE. A n d now, t u r n the page . . .
Leftists Disrupt HUAC Again by William Tales of police brutality, of McCarthyism r u n wild, of billy-swinging red neck cops, were told last month by Communist radios around the globe. They followed tumultuous hearings of the House Un-American Activities Committee on the t r i p of 58 American "students" to Castro Cuba. T h a t Radio Peking, to say nothing of Radio Havana and Radio Hanoi, should seize upon the H U A C hearings is not surprising. The hearing room was packed during both the Thursday and Friday sessions. Many of the attending students wore beards, while some were barefoot. T e d Knap, Washington correspondent for the Scripps-Howard newspapers, wrote the first day of the hearings, September 12: " O n the left side of the world, headlines w i l l charge police brutality. Don't believe i t . I was there." So was this writer. We saw policemen pushed and kicked as they attempted to eject the unwashed young men and women who screamed "fascist scum" at members of Congress. We saw one " y o u t h " at least thirty years out of school pummeling a detective who had been hurled to the floor. We saw bearded, sandal-shod students attempt a "sit-in" i n congressional offices. We saw witness after witness defy a legally-constituted committee of Congress. T o m Kelly, reporter for the Washington News, wrote of the Thursday outbreaks: "Yesterday the boys and girls were intent on starting trouble, and they did. They d i d i t by following Formula A. Laugh loudly, inanely and repeatedly at the Committee; applaud noisily and endlessly each time a witness is rude; ignore requests for decorum and when, finally, the policeman comes to escort you away, throw yourself on the floor, tear your beard and shout 'brutality' at the top of your lungs." D u r i n g the second morning session several students tried to break through police barriers outside the hearing 12
room, which already was packed. When police inside the hearing room tried to remove several of the demonstrations' leaders, who repeatedly had been warned about jeering and heckling, there were cries of 'police brutality.' But the only 'brutality' exhibited was on the parts of the students themselves, who kicked, scratched and clawed the policemen trying to do their jobs. O n both days there were roughly twenty ringleaders seated around the hearing room. They would begin the demonstrations, occasionally standing on their chairs, while the rest took their cues from them. There was but one cooperative witness, 26-year-old Barry Hoffman, of Brookline, Massachusetts. Hoffman, who joined the trek as an undercover agent for the F B I and CIA, confirmed a long-held suspicion: Leaders of the trip had no great desire to see Cuba. They wished only to break the U.S. travel ban. Hoffman told of gruelling sessions i n which the students were fed massive doses of Communist propaganda: one film which showed Indian troops invading Red China, another showing U.S. planes shot down by Communist guerrillas i n South Viet Nam (the students cheered wildly). After Hoffman left the stand, there came a stream of hostile witnesses. Levi Laub, 24, led off. He took the Fifth Amendment on a host of questions, called Hoffman a " r a t " and touched off a near riot. T h e n came Philip Abbot Luce, a mustached young man employed by the Emergency Civil Liberties Committee, a cited Communist front. Luce called Hoffman a "cretin," sparking another demonstration. He refused to cooperate w i t h the Committee. Then Wendy Nakashima Rosen, wife of Jake Rosen, one of the country's top-ranking young Communists u n t i l he quit the party a year ago. Rosen and his wife sympathize w i t h the Chinese and Albanian Communists i n their dispute w i t h Khrushchev. Mrs. Rosen thumbed her turned-up nose at the committee, saying under no circumstances would she be a "stool pigeon, rat or fink." Karate-trained
Wendy turned on the tears for photographers, then regained her composure to plead the Fifth Amendment. Following her to the stand was Cathy Kresky, a pasty-faced, stringy-haired young thing from New Rochelle, New York. Another demonstration—and the ejection of the leaders—followed Cathy's cry: " I believe socialism is the way to end racism." Even I . F. Stone, the veteran leftist pamphleteer, thought the rioting kids had gone too far. They revealed, he said, "naivete, Negro nationalist distortions . . . and out-of-this-world leftism." Congressman James Corman of California, a liberal Democrat and observer at the hearings, later remarked, "Chairman Willis was patient and respectful of all the witnesses' rights, and conducted the hearing i n an entirely fair and honest way." House investigators have ascertained that virtually all leaders of the recent tour were members of Progressive Labor, a fledging outfit founded by M i l t Rosen and M o r t Scheer. Both Rosen and Scheer were top-ranking Communist operatives expelled from the party for pro-Chinese sentiments. They formed Progressive Labor i n late 1961 and claim 1,000 members, approximately 350 of whom are former members of the Communist party. The Progressive Labor philosophy has been described by Levi Laub: "We consider ourselves Marxist-Leninists. Whatever name you want to call us— Communist, socialist—if i t fits, we'll wear i t . We defend the Communist Party's right to exist i n the United States and we're opposed to the sustained campaign against i t . " I n addition to Jake Rosen, several other young Communist leaders have joined the PL ranks. Freddy Jerome, 24, is the son of V. J. Jerome, cultural commissar of the Communist Party USA. He was identified as a member of the Communist party, then invoked constitutional protection against selfincrimination. He now edits the movement's official publication, Progressive Labor. THE NEW
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Radicalism Takes a Breather by Geoffrey Hey diddle diddle, the radical middle The right fights its fight all aglow The delegates laugh, hut where is the staff, And who ran away with the show? The above appeared i n something called The Liberal Bulletin at the 16th annual National Student Association congress, held this August on the Indiana University campus. The ditty's implication of confusion contains more truth than poetryâ€”quite an accomplishment, considering the source. NSA's radical leftist tinge was dulled this year. The self-styled "radical midd l e " held the largest caucuses, and ended up electing an NSA president. "Moderate" Gregory Gallow, former University of Wisconsin student body president, bested by 108 votes his chief opposition, Bruce Rappaport (president of the University of Chicago CORE, member of the ultra-left POLIT). Additionally, most of the more outlandish resolutions were rejected i n the various committees, including one opposing the McCarran Internal Security Act. Why the unexpected l u l l i n radical left sentiment? A r t h u r Gorson, national chairman of the Campus Americans for Democratic Action, cites two reasons. Says Gorson, whose Campus A D A claims 2,500 members, "NSA has lost schools because of its political stands." Indeed, during the past two years 33 member schools have withdrawn. Gorson also points to a m i n i m u m of left-wing pressure on the delegates this year, explaining: "Most of the civil liberties and peace people are down agitating i n the South." Political moderation, i f such i t was, resulted, says Gorson, from the impact of declining NSA membership. "The conservatives have been effective working inside and outside NSA," he says. Virtually the same testimony came 14
from such varying personages as Buddy Lewis, national YAF board member and observer at the congress; Dennis Shaul, outgoing NSA president; Jim Rock, visiting representative from the Intercollegiate Society of Individualists; and a disgusted Danny R u b i n , national youth director of the Communist Party, who, along w i t h two assistants, stayed the duration of the congress. Geoffrey Hammond, an Indiana University student and member of the Indiana YAF state executive honrd, was an observer at the 16th annual NSA congress. A recent article on conservatism in Look magazine included the dark implication that Jeff first checks the political sympathies of girls he dates, a hit of journalese Jeff claims is "grossly exaggerated." By no stretch of the imagination, however, has NSA turned over a new leaf. A resolution charging discrepancies i n the film Operation Abolition passed handily. Only after the resolution passed d i d the delegates sit down to view the film they had criticized, while a n t i - H U A C literature was passed out i n place of popcorn. Though some mechanical reforms w i t h i n NSA have been grudgingly made (the "policy-making"' National Executive Committee has been abolished), the majority of NSA delegates are not democratically selected by their respective student bodies. L i t t l e wonder, then, that a motion stipulating all delegates to future NSA congresses be elected was resoundingly defeated on the floor. A delegate from Murry State College, chosen by the school's student council, voted against the resolution because, he said, less than half the student body would even bother to vote for an NSA delegate: " I don't feel i t is good to be selected by less than fifty per cent of your fellow students."
There are 13 people on the Murry State student council. A n d a delegate from T r i n i t y College, who was elected, revealed: "We stressed personalities rather than issues on our campus. We don't bring up NSA because of opposition from the students." D u r i n g the entire proceedings, however, the old radical spirit seemed somehow to have taken a vacation. Bored delegates strolled up and down the aisles barefoot or wearing sandals. To make themselves more comfortable, some brought pillows and blankets. D u r i n g the final session a blonde Joan Baez and entourage could be heard strumming guitar and singing protest songs. Others amused themselves outside the congress hall sitting i n groups on the ground, collecting opinions and chiggers. Parties at night were plentif u l . One evening local police were called i n to restore normalcy i n the women's half of a co-ed dorm; the participating boys and girls were admonished by NSA officials against further hanky-panky, and the whole congress was threatened with expulsion by Indiana University officials (who probably were not overjoyed w i t h hosting the congress i n the first place, since the school's students have voted overwhelmingly to withdraw from NSA). " I realize there was some disappointment and lack of interest because of our modified stands this year," says one NSA official. "But we saw we had to 'lay low.' " Some disgruntled delegates chose to do just that. When the NSA congress began, 419 delegates had registered. Many left with the two-week congress still i n progress. The total vote i n the election for president was 310. Perhaps i t w i l l be determined for things to "pick u p " next year. One charming young delegate, a personal friend of several newly-elected NSA board members, reveals, "They're all as liberal as they can be." THE NEW
YAf Demonstrations Impress the Press Michigan
I n the face of quiet opposition from Romney forces, Michigan Y A F has gone ahead w i t h plans to boost Goldwater for President i n the Wolverine State. O n the weekend of September 13-15 Y A F and Youth for Goldwater members attended a "Republican Issues Conference" at Mackinac Island. Y A F members met every boatload of visitors w i t h Goldwater material and buttons and made their presence strongly felt during the three day meeting.
the motorcade one of the most spectacular grass roots political demonstrations i n Grand Rapids for many years." Wayne D . Rooks is Y A F Chapter Director.
Detroit On October 7th, Wayne State U n i versity Y A F of Detroit, sponsored a speech by Richard Durant, 14th Congressional Dist. GOP Chairman. Durant told the Y A F members that Goldwater has an excellent chance of being elected President i n 1964. Part
Zanini Elected To Draft Group E d m u n d Zanini, a member of the National Board of Directors of Y A F , was appointed to the position of ViceChairman, Westchester County Draft Goldwater Committee. He w i l l join other Y A F members who are active i n heading up the Westchester Draft Goldwater Committee. Zanini, upon accepting the office, said, "The nomination of Senator Goldwater for the presidency, w i l l give the American people an opportunity to vote for someone who gives more than lip-service to individual freedom and responsibility and whose foreign program w o u l d be based on victory rather than co-existence or collaboration w i t h Communism."
M I C H I G A N Y A F A N D BARRY-Recently Michigan Y A F Leaders and Senator Goldwater met in the Senator's office at the Capitol. Left to right are Jim DeFrancis, Southwestern Michigan Y A F Co-ordinator, Roger Steggerda, Executive Director of Michigan Y A F , Dick Howard, president of Albion College Y A F , a n d Senator Goldwater.
A t the 1963 Michigan State Fair YAF sponsored and manned a booth w h i c h was a great success. Goldwater material and information about Y A F was dispensed freely and was well received.
The Greater Grand Rapids Chapter of Y A F staged a "Goldwater i n '64" Motorcade w i t h more than forty cars over a sixteen mile route. D u r i n g the parade another twenty cars joined w i t h the Goldwater backers, as d i d two youngsters on bicycles. Goldwater Girls decorated convertibles, and a portable bull-horn public address system was used, together w i t h lots of horn honking. Local observers called 16
Not to be outdone i n Goldwater support, the combined chapters of YAF from Cheshire and Wallingford, Connecticut held a joint meeting at which a "Goldwater Cake" was served. The cake sported a picture of a flag, a jet, and Barry Goldwater. After speeches by State Y A F Chairman V i n cent McManus and Mike Buckley of Quinnipiac College Y A F , Goldwater, cake and all, was devoured. Penny Russell is chairman of the Wallingford YAF and D a v i d Gessert heads Cheshire Y A F .
of M r . D u r a n f s talk to the Y A F group was televised i n Detroit on W X Y Z . Wayne State YAF's president, E d ward Soronen recently toured northern Michigan speaking i n behalf of Michigan Youth for Goldwater.
D o w n in
James H . Mallory, Y A F member from Columbus, Georgia, reports tremendous Goldwater support i n his area. A t a recent Draft Goldwater Dinner more than 700 people showed up at $10 each. M a n y of them were life-long Democrats who are switching parties to vote for Goldwater. Speaker at the dinner was the dynamic Alabama Republican, James M a r t i n of Gadsden, who came close to winning a Senate seat from Alabama i n the last elections.
The Goldwater C a k e THE N E W
Jack Cox, one of the leaders of northern California YAF, reports that Y A F is making good progress i n his area. Y A F members set up and manned a booth at the Santa Clara County Fair (see photo) and gave away thousands of pieces of literature, showed Y A F films and distributed Goldwater materials. The local A B C television station recorded the activities on film. Similar Y A F booths have been set up at San Francisco State College, the W a l n u t Creek Festival and at Foothill College.
to last minute
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W i t h folk singing all the rage, H a w a i i was recently visited by identified Communist Pete Seeger, darling of the pink hootenanny set. Seeger stopped off i n Honolulu on a w o r l d wide trip promoting the Red line w i t h music. Appearing at the U n i -
CAL YAF—L. to R. are Pete Caldwell, Santa C l a r a County Co-ordinator of Y A F , Jack Cox, northern California Y A F leader, Nancy Slaughter and Lee Slaughter, president of San Jose State College Y A F .
I n August the first Y A F chapter i n the state of Missouri was officially chartered following an organization meeting at w h i c h Fred Coldren, national organizational director of Y A F , spoke. Officials are Dennis Christgen, president; Kenneth Irving, vice president; Bonnie Beck, secretary; and Dan Radke, treasurer. One of the local Y A F leaders who helped organize the St. Joseph Y A F was Bruce Eberle. Since Missouri is a "swing state" w h i c h could easily go for Goldwater, St. Joseph Y A F leaders are pushing to form a Missouri State Y A F aimed at the 1964 elections. A monthly Y A F publication is being sent to all Y A F members i n the state and a state meeting is planned for the spring of 1964. Local radio, T V and press coverage of St. Joseph YAF's activity has been extensive and the group is making good progress. A n y Missouri Y A F members wishing to contact the group can do so at P. O. Box 565, St. Joseph, M o . OCTOBER
versity of H a w a i i under sponsorship of the English Department, of all t h i n g s , Seeger's h o o t e n a n n y was picketed by U . of H . Y A F . Two-page hand bills detailing Seeger s long Communist record were handed to all comers and University officials later disclaimed any connection w i t h the event. Bob Hales is Y A F State Chairman i n H a w a i i and Charles Brooks is chairman of University of H a w a i i YAF.
Goldwater and Rockefeller are not the only ones who are greeted i n their travels by pro-Barry pickets. As discontent grows w i t h the extreme leftist trend of the Kennedy administration, the President is finding serious signs of popular opposition to his regime—and they read " G o l d water in '64." Bruce Alexy, Chairman of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania County Y A F reports that when Kennedy visited Philadelphia on October 30th he was greeted by several h u n dred Y A F members bearing Goldwater signs. Newspapers all over the nation noting the coolness of the City of Brotherly Love toward J.F.K. also noted the many Goldwater signs seen along the Kennedy route. The next issue of the N E W G U A R D w i l l carry a delightful photo of the President of the United States staring at a Philadelphia Y A F sign w h i c h admonishes "More Courage and Less Profile! Y A F for Barry!"
Eisenhower Endorses YAF Program On October 5th Florida Y A F held its second annual testimonial dinner for public service to consei'vatism and the recipient of this year s award was Congressman W i l l i a m Cramer of St. Petersburg, a member of the state and national advisory boards of Y A F . Prior to the dinner former President D w i g h t D . Eisenhower warmly endorsed the Y A F for sponsoring the award to Cramer. Ike told Florida
ALABAMA YAF—When the North-South Football G a m e w a s played recently at the University of A l a b a m a in Tuscaloosa, Vulcan Chapter of Y A F , headed by Judy Whorton, entered l4ie above car in the parade. Shown I. to r. are Stephanie Freeman, Nancy Woolley, and Judy Whorton. The driver is Jimmy Sizemore, a n d all are Y A F members.
Y A F that " I join wholeheartedly i n the salute that Young Americans for Freedom are rendering to Congressman W i l l i a m C. Cramer." The Cramer dinner featured speeches by national Y A F chairman Bob Bauman, state chairman Randal Teague, Congressman E d Gumey and Fulton Lewis, Jr. The dinner was preceded b y a day long political action conference for Y A F members from all over the South. Attending were Y A F Georgia Chairman Richard Wilson and Tennessee Chairman Jon Mack. I n response to the award Cramer praised Y A F and its work for responsible conservatism i n the South and the nation.
Chartered only since early September, Irving, Texas Y A F has set a fast pace. Chairman Rick Kilgore says that the group has already presented two major speakers. D r . Anthony Kubek, noted author, and Robert Morris, former Chief Counsel of the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee. I r v i n g Y A F also set up a booth at the I r v i n g Community Fair and gave out Goldwater and Y A F material. Local businessmen are giving financial support to the group so that they can expand their activities.
Y A F A N D C O N G R E S S â€” S h o w n conferring on Capitol Hill are, from I. to r., Fred Coldren, Kansas State Y A F chairman. Congressman Bob Dole of Kansas, a n d national Y A F chairman Bob Bauman. The three were talking over plans for extensive Y A F organizational work now being undertaken by Coldren, who has been traveling across the country for national Y A F organizing chapters a n d establishing state organizations. Coldren's efForts have so far produced state Y A F groups in Kentucky a n d Tennessee a n d greatly strengthened existing Y A F chapters in North Carolina, A l a b a m a a n d Missouri. If you would like to know how to have Coldren in your a r e a write to him in care of the Y A F National Headquarters.
(Continued from page 7)
themselves shouted down and committees stacked against them, victims of flagrant violations of parliamentary procedure." Student Senator
Allen Ament, who last year opposed VU's withdrawal from NSA changed his m i n d after attending the NSA Congress. Said he; " I was very discouraged at what I saw i n Bloomington." Recent reports f r o m the Iowa State University and Ball State College i n Indiana indicate that both schools have also rejected NSA i n students votes on the matter. Perhaps one of the most heartening withdrawals from NSA came at the University of Wisconsin at M i l waukee. Following the example of other larger schools w h i c h w i t h d r e w from NSA last year, including I n diana and Texas, U . M . W . student legislators voted b y a nearly unanimous vote to get out.
BOOKCOVERS Waterproof, 1 3 " x 2 0 " inscribed with photo & credo only 5 / $ l William Lindberg, Box 241, Olympio, Washington WHAT R O C K Y S A W AT R O A N O K E - P r e s s accounts on September 22nd told of the "unusually w a r m " reception given to Governor Nelson Rockefeller during his visit to Roanoke, Virginia. Sympathic press photographers took side shots of the Governor to exclude the many Goldwater signs. Y A F members w h o were there s a w differently. Virginia Y A F Chairman Ken Tomlinson of Randolph-Macon College led a large contingent of Goldwater sign carriers composed of R-M and Hoilins College students. Above is a photo taken from directly in front of Rocky's speaking platform. There were many more signs like them. Rockefeller buttons were nowhere to be found. Y A F members have been greeting the N e w York liberal wherever he speaks lately a n d h a v e done an excellent job of turning Rocky visits into Goldwater rallies in such places a s Oregon, Illinois a n d Portland, Oregon. There's more to come. 18
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Goldwater Boom Led by YAF Liberal reporters assigned to cover the recent cross-country jaunts of the next President of the United States have constantly been amazed to find hundreds of cheering Y A F members at each airport, every hotel entrance, and jamming the aisles of every rally. Name a place Goldwater has been i n the last two months and Y A F was there—New Jersey, Oregon, Boston, Massachusetts, Texas, California and Pennsylvania. Here are just a few of YAF's activities i n support of the Senator:
The Newark Star-Ledger, shaking its editorial head, was surprised to find that Goldwater was greeted on September 20 by "an astonishing turnout of young supporters who chanted the now-familiar " W e W a n t Barry" under the direction of N.J. Y A F Chairman Ken W y m a n of Morris County. That night Goldwater spoke to a large gathering of N e w Jersey Republicans who gave h i m a standing ovation. Missing from the dinner was the archliberal Senator CliflF Case. The Senator, i t seems, had to take his son back to Harvard. Poor k i d !
Texas On October 4th Senator Goldwater arrived i n San Antonio, Texas, where he spoke before the M i l i t a r y Order of the W o r l d Wars. He was greeted and cheered by numerous Y A F members from the W i l l i a m B. Travis Chapter of Y A F , together w i t h the bi-partisan Bexar County Youth for Goldwater. I n the best tradition, the Senator s reception was big, noisy and decidedly pro-Barry.
Pennsylvania The week of October 7th found Senator Goldwater only a few miles from Gettysburg, Pa. Ike wasn't there to greet h i m , but Y A F was. Speaking before more than 7,000 Keystone Republicans i n the Hershey Arena, i n cluding several hundred Y A F members, led by Pennsylvania Y A F Chairman Bud W a n d l i n g and his wife, Pat, Goldwater got one of the wildest receptions of his tour. Hundreds of young people led by YAFers swarmed around the rostrum as he finished his OCTOBER
G o e s . . . speech waving signs and cheering Barry. The next day the liberal press panned the entire meeting and spoke of Goldwater's "cool reception" i n Pennsylvania. Y A F members were angered by such press distortion and Mrs. Goldwater seemed to back them up. " I t was one of the most impressive demonstrations we have ever seen," she said.
Oregon The occasion was the Western States Republican Conference on October 12th. A t the controls of a chartered plane, Barry Goldwater taxied to a stop at the Portland airport. Greeting h i m were more than 200 w i l d l y waving "Goldwater for President" signs produced and d i rected by Oregon Y A F , led by State Chairman John Palmore and Portland Chairman George Burgess. Liberallining Washington Post reporter Julius Duscha later remarked i t was one of the most enthusiastic airport greetings he has ever seen for Goldwater—so much so he later called Y A F national chairman Bob Bauman to tell h i m about i t . A forlorn figure in attendance at the Conference was an Easterner named Rockefeller, but hardly anyone noticed. Liberal reporters gnashed their teeth and compared the reception given to Barry and Rocky: their verdict—no comparison at all.
y\1assacfiuseffs A cap pistol barrage, a brass band and a deflated football greeted Senator Barry Goldwater on October 16th
in Boston. Twenty young ladies i n white cowboy hats, red Goldwater sashes and blue skirts sounded off their cap pistols the moment Goldwater stepped off his plane. Representing Boston Y A F , they presented the Senator w i t h an airless f o o t b a l l bearing the legend "JFK i n '64." Right behind them came a crowd of college YAFers bearing signs. " W e Want Barry" they yelled over and over, almost drowning out the band. W h a t d i d it all prove? Just what Boston political editors have been saying for months—YAF leads the Goldwater drive i n Massachusetts w i t h leaders like Y A F Regional Chairman D o n Carmen and State Chairman Jack Molesworth. Sniffed one Lodge-like Bostonian: " W e were trying to keep this from becoming a Goldwater rally, b u t the Young Americans for Freedom seem to be running away w i t h i t . "
Five hundred frosty breaths chorused " W e W a n t Barry" i n the f r i g i d New England air as Senator Goldwater alighted from his plane at Concord on October 29th. N . H . Y A F State Chairman T o m Phillips, acting as spokesman for numerous Goldwater groups i n the state, led the cheering throng which greeted Goldwater w i t h hundreds of signs proclaiming " G o l d water i n '64." Although the Senator spoke at a "Styles Bridges Memorial Dinner," politics was i n the cold fall air and from all reports N . H . Y A F w i l l play an important part i n the Goldwater campaign to beat Rockefeller i n the first-in-the-nation N e w Hampshire primary i n early March. Commenting on the Senators N e w Hampshire reception the Washington Post noted that the Y A F members seemed to be everywhere.
About Our Cover Photo The photo of Senator Goldwater was taken at L i n d b e r g Field, San Diego, California on October 3rd when the Senator visited that city. The photographer was Jon Lewis of the staff of the Daily Aztec, the student newspaper of San Diego State College. L l o y d Taylor, president of Students for Goldwater and a Y A F member at S.D.S. tells us that a large turnout of students greeted the Senator w i t h an especially enthusiastic group from the local chapter of the Senator's fraternity, Sigma C h i . Taylor suggests that an excellent way to get campus publicity for the Goldwater candidacy is to organize a group of students to meet the Senator whenever he visits your area. He also notes that fraternity support of Goldwater is strong and should be promoted on every campus— especially among the brothers of Sigma C h i !
Senator Barry Goldwater " I consider Young Americans for Freedom and the excellent
it has been doing to be of great importance to the future of our country. Having served on the National Advisory Board of Young for Freedom since its founding in 1960,
I can appreciate,
better than most, the extent to which your organization s influence has been felt in the young conservative
I am particularly
gratified that during this entire period YAF has been one of the most responsible political action groups in the nation. young conservative organizationâ€”Young
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movement depends in a large part on your fine Americans for Freedom.''^
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