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Architectural Design Lectures

Design Concept By: Dr. Yasser Mahgoub


Shape & Dimensions Roads & Access Surroundings & View Topography & Soil Site Temperature Sun Wind Climate Humidity Sand

Height Forms Colors Building Structure Technical

Solution

The Concept

CONTEXT

NEED

Site

Program

FORM & SPACE

Areas Spaces Relationships Functions Equipment Gender Number User Activities Socio-Cultural Vision Client Organization Budget Schedule

Sketches Material Variety Models Exterior Form Balance Texture Drawings Symmetry Color & Details Asymmetry Scale Renderings Interior Space Proportion Size Animations Unity Volumes Shapes Rhythm

Elements

Principles

Concept Idea Analogy Metaphor Symbolism


What is a concept? Why is it important to have a concept in your design? How to communicate your concept?


Introduction • The design process works with information and ideas simultaneously on many levels. • Designing is a reciprocal action and reflection. • One assembles the puzzle picture by searching for fits; piece after piece is picked up, tried, and found to be a misfit until, finally, the right piece steps into place. • The designers mind searches memory to find elements that meet their needs of the given problem.


Introduction • Creativity comes into play and the efforts to find approaches that will be original, aesthetically satisfying, valid solutions to the problems defined through programming. • Even experienced and highly skilled designers often find it difficult how this aspect of the design process works. • They will say that they “think about “the problem until they are “hit by an idea”.


Definitions of Concept • • • • • • • • • •

Idea Theory Notion Parti (French) Conception Opinion Abstraction Philosophy Belief Inspiration

• • • • • • • • • •

Image View Intention Plan Fancy Thought Impression Hypothesis Supposition … DESIGN


Steps of the BASED Design Process • BRIEFING • Site selection, Program formulation, Data collection, Examples, ...

• Analysis • Design and Project Data analysis • Identification of Objectives

• Synthesis • Formulation of Concepts and Alternatives • Communication of Concepts

• Evaluation • Review of Alternatives • Selection of one alternative

• Design • Design details • Communication media


Introduction • The design process works with information and ideas simultaneously on many levels. • Designing is a reciprocal action and reflection.


Introduction • Inductive reasoning or inductive logic, is a type of reasoning which involves moving from the specific to the general. Inductive Reasoning from Specific to General

• Deductive reasoning or inductive logic, is a type of reasoning which involves moving from the general to the specific. Deductive Reasoning from General to Specific


Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs


Design Reasoning / Logic Levels

Inductive Deductive Reasoning

Deductive Reasoning “from general to specific”

Philosophy Meaning Socio-Culture Experiential Function Form Structure Materials Lighting Ventilation Etc.

Inductive Reasoning “from specific to general ”


Introduction • One assembles the puzzle picture by searching for fits; piece after piece is picked up, tried, and found to be a misfit until, finally, the right piece steps into place. • The designers mind searches memory to find elements that meet their needs of the given problem.


Introduction • Creativity comes into play and the efforts to find approaches that will be original, aesthetically satisfying, valid solutions to the problems defined through programming. • Even experienced and highly skilled designers often find it difficult how this aspect of the design process works. • They will say that they “think about “the problem until they are “hit by an idea”.


Dimensions of Concepts Any building concept should provide: • Exterior Expression • Interior Experience


Levels of Expression The concept should be appeal to both: • The Normal Layman • The Professional Specialist


Elements of Concept Generation and Expression Function Form Materials Structure Lighting Ventilation Socio-Cultural Experiential Meaning Philosophy


Concept Generators and Design Levels Concept

Philosophy Meaning Experience Sustainability Design Levels Socio-Cultural Structure Form Function


Concepts Translations – Visual and Verbal


design concept generation


design concept generation


Concepts Criteria Summary


Concepts Criteria Summary


Mood or Inspirational Board


Mood or Inspirational Board


Concept Generators


Site Determinants • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Topography Climate Geography Demographic Geology History Social characteristics and conditions Economic conditions Legal, legislative and administrative conditions Location and visual aspects Land use Characteristics of man-made environment Circulation Technology Others


Physical Concepts • Location  View  Harmony with nature  Underground architecture


Cultural Factors • • • • • •

Historical factors Religious factors Social factors Economic factors Political factors Functional factors


Spatial Relations     

The pragmatic space The perceptual space The existential space The cognitive space The abstract space


Qualities of Space  Proportion  Scale  Form  Definition  Color  Texture  Pattern  Enclosure  Light  View


Visual Design Factors: Form Characteristics • Continuity  Sequence  Repetition and Rhythm  Balance: Symmetrical & Asymmetrical  Proportion  Pattern, texture and color  Hierarchy  Transparency  Direction  Motion  Time  Sensory Qualities


Visual Design Factors: Visual factors • Visual perception: – – – –

Structural approach Evaluative approach Orientation Spacescape

 Lynch 1 (Image of the City): path, node, edge, district, and landmarks  Lynch 2 (Theory of Place): Legibility, Structure and Identity, Imageability and Sequentiality


Visual Design Factors: Visual Organization Gestalt Theory (Proximity, similarity, continuity, closure)  Law of Proximity  Law of Similarity  Law of Continuity: good continuance  Law of Closure: forces of organization  Symmetry, Inclusiveness, Unity, Harmony, Regularity, Conciseness, Maximal Simplicity


Visual Organization • Figure/Ground  Surface/Edge  Outline/Object  Autonomous figures


Architectural Compositions • Unity • Coherence • Incoherence


Visual fields  Minimal heterogeneity  Proximity  Resemblance  Enclosure  Common orientation  Symmetry  Repetition


Shape, Pattern, and Form •            

Linear shape The circle The ring The organic shape The square The ellipse Star shape Hexagonal shape Rectilinear shape The grid Radiocentric shape Branch shape The organic pattern


Size (Scale) • • • • •

Monumental Bulky Minimal Human Vehicular


Color • • • •

Theory of colors Formal organization Properties Perception


Age: The traditional and the modern       

ignore respect imitate copy contrast hide away integrate


Construction • Materials  Methods  Systems      

Cast-in-situ Pre-cast Lift-slab Tunnel form Flying shutters Pre-stressed


Structure System • Bearing walls  Skeleton  Shell and Vault  Space truss  Space frame  Geodesic dome  Tent Structure  Folded plates  Verandel Girders  Verndeal Floors  Tensile Structures  ...


Arabic/Islamic Design Ideas • • • • • •

The Courtyard The alleyway and the courtyard Al Saha Al Qasabah Al Mafrouka The Islamic Star


Other Ideas • Using the hard line  Using straight and hard lines  Using straight and curved lines  The curved paths  The axis and the courtyard  The organic pattern  The cal-de-sac  The spine  The inclined axis  The irregular axis  Direction  Tilting the mass


Other Ideas • Shifting the center of the shape  The arcade  The crack  The podium  The layers  The cluster  The organic disorganic contrast  Contrast between the solid mass and the fragmented masses  Contrast between the curved solid mass and the fragmented masses  Transition in space: open, semi-open, closed  Sequence of space  Satellite


Other Ideas • The frame  The rounded corners  The muqarnass  The triangle  Parts of the octagon  Square with a circle  Part of a curve  Shapes at random  THE SQUARE  Circles  Tilted square  The octagon  Straight line with free line


Illustrations of Concept


From Sketch to Reality

Michael Lee-Chin Crystal, Toronto


Examples of Sketches


Concept Sketches


Illustrations of Concepts


Illustrations of Concepts


Illustrations of Concepts


Examples of Drawings


Thank you Dr. Yasser Mahgoub

Architectural Design Concept - الفكرة فى التصميم المعمارى  

Architectural Design Concept - الفكرة فى التصميم المعمارى

Architectural Design Concept - الفكرة فى التصميم المعمارى  

Architectural Design Concept - الفكرة فى التصميم المعمارى

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