REdevelopment + Design
A Sustainable Stormwater Management Design for Yanching Institute of Technology, Lang Fang District, Hebei Province, China
This creative project concentrates on improvement of managing stormwater runoff, efficiently harvesting rainwater and changing peopleâ€™s attitudes about sustainability on the campus of Yanching Institute of Technology, Hebei Province, China. Also the design focuses on artful water design for communicating values of water management to increase public acceptance of water issues. The final solution proposes a new master plan to incorporate artful sustainable rainwater management principles. The design proposes campus redevelopment based on existing conditions and local area. The design applies artistic installations using sculpture, materials, and spatial definition to mitigate stormwater issues on campus and increase public awareness of sustainability.
Where people will enjoy their time Where people will be willing to stay Where people will interact with nature Where nature can communicate with humans
Where water meets art
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To create a placeâ€Ś
04 The site is close to the Jingping Highway, which is one of the main connections to downtown Beijing and the Beijing Capital International Airport. Also, Yingbin Boulevard at the east connects the downtown Yanjiao City.
Yan Jiao City
In the past, agriculture was the main type of economy in Lang Fang district, especially Yan Jiao city. The city map still shows large areas of farmland, but in recent years, the government of Yan Jiao City has been transforming the economic structure from a single type (agriculture), to a mixed economic mode.
Yanching Institute of Technology is a brand new university which was designed by Tianjin University Research Institute of Architectural Design & Urban Planning, The site is located at North of Yanjiao City, Hebei Province. Y.I.T campus was started construction in 2005. Through 8 years development, construction has been completed on 80% of the campus.
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Existing Campus Birdsâ€™ Eye View
08 Topography on this campus is very subtle. North part is higher than the South.
The pond is only decorative and does not serve any stormwater management or treatment intentions.
stormwater drains to the underground stormwater system and from discharges into public stormwater sewerage system at the south and east sides of the campus.
From the width of roads on campus, it is easy to see the road hierarchy. Pedestrian sidewalks run along both sides of the roads.
The campus has 199 acres with 23,000 on-campus population
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Through 8 years development, construction has been completed on 80% of the campus. Undeveloped areas are all vegetated.
Most of the northern part of campus is student dormitories and cafeterias. The west is mainly for faculty housing. Other areas are for education.
Pedestrian Flows and Circulation
BIG IDEA & SITE ANALYSIS
The design strategy is to overlap the three time period diagrams, identify the most common routes, and then select key places along the routes as the focus of detailed illustrative site development proposals.
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Morning pedestrian flows
Noon pedestrian flows
This creative project concentrates on the integration of interact stormwater management with art and human. It addresses onsite stormwater issues, while enriching peopleâ€™s experience of artful stormwater management design. There are two scales in this design: macro and micro. The macro-design scale develops the campus-level holistic stormwater strategies. The master plan (macro scale) shows the big ideas and design concept. Micro-design concentrates on the scale and address site details, systems and form. Night gathering Areas
High Circulation area with Maximum Artful Stormwater Design Value
11 Inspired by natural river flows pattern, this creative project uses natural hydrologic pattern as main design language to create a sense of flowing landscape.
Campus Master Plan
The path provides comfortable environment for people, including seating areas and fully-shaded spaces.
Expanded green space from 40% coverage to 50%
Artful water trail accompanies with the water systems, some paths cross the water to invite people closer to the water systems
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The concept of flowing landscape
Because the campus has previously been developed, the concept is based on the existing 40% green space. The design herein seeks to reduce impervious pavements, expanded green space to 50%, and add sustainable stormwater management strategies. The use of riprap channels and bioswales as a main design language, and also mimicking the natural hydrological flows pattern around the campus are clearly shown in this design. Three more major retention water ponds herein also been added on the campus. Those ponds collect and store stormwater from other places on site.
16 The campus has many courtyards surrounded by different buildings, so many of them can be potential sites of rainwater harvesting systems. The contention herein is that rainwater from rooftops should be stored as alternative resource. The rainwater harvesting system proposed herein also includes pipes on campus includes pipes for guiding rainwater to the storage systems, and an underground cistern for storing the water
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In each hydrological zone, stormwater runoff is collected from roads, structures, and roofs, and carried to the retention systems in each hydrological zone by bioswales, underground pipes, and vegetated channels for supporting the water features such as fountains.
Due to the site topography and using roads as boundaries, the campus is divided into three hydrological areas from north to south. Each area has its own stormwater management systems to reduce runoff, harvest rainwater, and support on-site water features. Based on the topography on campus, overflows will be discharged to the next area from north to south.
In each hydrological zone, raingardens collect and infiltrate stormwater, and runoff travels through channels, underground pipes, and bioswales to the central retention area as alternative water resources.
The Community Green Space is located northeast of the campus. The area is mainly for student dormitories. The space is also located between two cafeterias. This is a key place for student recreation and relaxation. The space is also the central stormwater retention area of hydrological zone one.
MICRO DESIGN Using water features to create an area axis
Paving areas for people sit and play
Large green spaces
Community Green Space
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Making the process visible
Central fountain with sculpture
The elevated plaza
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The Elevated Plaza with surroundings
Stormwater transported through channels, pipes and biosales to the Community Green Space for supporting the water features and landscape irrigation. Two channels, one from northwest and the other from southeast are collecting and transporting stormwater from other places in zone one, and two corners also offering seating areas for people to observe the stormwater features at two areas.
The spatial relations between the amphitheater and central retention pond
The Campus Central Green Space is located in the central area of Yanching Institute of Technology. Compared with other places, the park appears more natural. The goal for this area is to create a place that invites people to walk in nature.
Two small hills provide better views for people
Outside pedestrian loop
Campus Central Green Space
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Inside pedestrian paths
Gathering paved areas
Paths are fully shaded to create a cooling environment for pedestrians during hot weather. The boardwalks over riprap channels provide a closer opportunity for people to view the stormwater system. Educational signage provides the knowledge of stormwater management techniques. Wetlands surround the pond. Boardwalks above the water offer an opportunity to invite people closer to the wetland. A big fountain activates the center of the pond. Water features create sound environment that helps separate people from outside areas.
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Raingarden education area
Interacting with stormwater system
Up-hill Observation Pavillion
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As the central retention area in hydrological zone two, the area has two main water entrances: one at the west and the other at the northeast. Stormwater is carried to the park by underground pipes and surface-flow by riprap channels. A large pond stores the stormwater for landscape irrigation and water features. Stormwater is purified on the way to the pond by vegetation, soil, and rocks in riprap. Raingardens with education signage are located at the east of the amphitheater and south part of the green space. They collect, purify, and infiltrate stormwater runoff from adjacent areas to charge the water bodies.
Wetland Pond with Observation Pavillion
The Administration Building and the College of Art and Design surround the courtyard. The goals for this area are to create a place that provides good views from the windows of surrounding buildings, a place with an efficient stormwater management strategy, and a place for students and faculty to take short breaks.
Artful water effects
The Administration Courtyard
A pavilion at the southeast corner that serves as an interior relaxing space. Part of this pavilion is opened, and faces the central pond, so people can view the beautiful landscape of the courtyard while they are sitting in the area. Behind this pavilion is a private space. After rainfall, the water that has been purified by the vegetated green roof, and water drops down to the riprap tank, which creates a sound effect as the water hit the rocks.
A series of fountain systems sit on the axis of the plaza
The Celebration Plaza
The Celebration Plaza is located at the central area of Resting areas with stormwater Yanching Institute of Technol- management educational features ogy. Due to its special location, facing the main entrance, the plaza is designed to have formal dignity. It is the main symbolic place of the campus. As a celebration events plaza, it requires open space with large areas of hard paving. This plaza is also a crucial area for pedestrian circulation. Half the people on campus pass the plaza every day. People are otherwise exposed Green corridor system to sunlight when they pass the plaza, design this space as part of the green corridor system.
This space provides following functions: -Green Corridor -Relaxing with Artful Stormwater Design -Education about Sustainable Stormwater Management -Symbolic Area
Front yard with raingarden
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Stormwater flows to the retention pond through channels and swales. Along the paving plaza, this stormwater is caught by a series of planting beds, infiltrated to underground pipes, and transported to the retention pond. There are several raingardens on the celebration plaza site for infiltration. Rainwater from rooftops is collected and infiltrated to underground cisterns by riprap.
The fountain system
About Me Software Experience: Adobe Photoshop Adobe Illustrator Adobe Indesign AutoCAD Google Sketch Up Lumion 3D Arc GIS Imovie
2011- 2014 Master Degree Ball State University Department of Landscape Architecture, College of Architecture and Planning 2007-2011 Bachelor Degree Beijing University of Technology Departemt of Public Art, Academy of Arts and Design
2011-2012, 2012-2013, 2013-2014 Graduate Assistant 2012 Summer Intern at Jinglin Landscape Firm, Beijing, China 2013 Summer Intern at Orient Landscape Firm, Beijing, China
2011 2000$ Graduate Merit Fellowship 2012 3000$ Graduate Merit Fellowship 2013 5000$ Jeffersonville, Indiana Gateway Entrance Signage Design
Yiding Wang 3580 N Tillotson Ave. Apt 58 IN 47304 Muncie Indiana U.S.A +1 (765) 749 7313 firstname.lastname@example.org
I would like to express my deepest gratitude to the members of my creative project committee, Dr. John Motloch, Dr. Bo Zhang, and Professor Lohren Deeg, for sharing their guidance, expertise, and experience in this project. Thank you so much! Muncie,Indiana,2014