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RESIDENCE DESIGN PRINCIPLES OF INTERIOR DESIGN

Yashna Garg DIAD 12269 2012-16


Acknowledgement 

I sincerely thank Nidhip Sir and Shachi Ma’am for making the resources available at right time and providing valuable insights leading to the successful completion of my project.  I am thankful to my parents who helped me retrieve my data if there were any technical faults with the laptop.


Content 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18.

Analysis sheet Case study Project residence brief Quality table Proximity matrix Application of Research methodology Bubble diagram Schematic zoning Design development Design brief Paper model Site analysis Final drawings Highlights of plan Sketch up model and Interior specifications Design principle detailing Learning outcome Composition: Bhopal and Indore


Stage 1: Analysis of exiting residence Zoning Space usage Proximity Circulation Clearance (operational and functional) Day lighting

Principles of design Materials used


Stage 2 A case study 

 

We were asked to choose any residence in India and do a case study. The points were similar to the analysis in stage 1. This was done to get a better understanding of any space available.


Stage 3 residence brief

Current space usage pattern desired

current Driveway Entrance Lobby

Driveway Entrance Lobby 

Living area

Living area

Dining(for 8)

Dining(for 8)

Sibling’s room (with dressing, bathroom, balcony)

Sibling’s room (with dressing, bathroom, balcony) Master bedroom ( with dressing, bathroom, balcony) My bedroom (with bathroom)

  

Master bedroom ( with dressing, bathroom, balcony)

DEN-my room (bedroom-study-bathroom-balcony)

guest room (with bathroom)

2 guest rooms (with bathroom each)

Kitchen

Kitchen

Puja room

Puja room

Utility area

Utility area

Family lounge

Powder room

terrace

terrace

Mom’s office

Mom’s office

garden

 

Lobby: interactive family area. Breakfast Is usually served here. Used when any formal guest or clients from father’s office come. Living area: interactive formal space for friends and relatives. Dining: used for formal dinners. Also used when my grandparents come to stay. Kitchen: used by mother and me. Informal friends and relatives may help Master bedroom: interactive space for family members. Dinner is done on the bed in routine. Guest room: used when grandparents come or any other informal guest. My room: also used as guest room if guest room is occupied. Puja room: used by family members at least once a day. Used less by my brother and me. Mom’s office: a public area but not close the entrance. Interactive and happy space. The clients pass through the lobby( semi public area) to get to the public area(office). Terrace: used only by me at nights. Laundry also takes space on the terrace.


Site plan and elevation garden

driveway

garden

driveway


Stage 4: quality table

What you have?

S.No.

Current Qualities

Entrance

Terrace

Lobby

Kitchen

Master bedroom

Sibling’s bedroom

Drawing room

Utility Area

Mom’s office

1

Feeling/ Mood

Formal

Pleasing, quiet

Buffer zone

Not very busy

Relaxing

Relaxing

Quiet yet interactive

Separated, Quiet

Interactive, happy

2

Image & Style

Wide open

Dull

Modern

Modern

Modern

Modern

Happy, stylish

Just a space

Formal

3

Degree of spatial enclosure

Wide

Very spacious

Small yet big

Spacious

Spacious

Spacious

Spacious

Compact but sufficient

Spacious

4

Comfort and security

Comfortable

Comfortable

Comfortable

Comfortable

Comfortable

Comfortable

Comfortable

Comfortable

Comfortable

5

Quality of light

Less natural light

Good natural light during day

Sufficient artificial light

Sufficient artificial light

Sufficient natural light

Sufficient artificial light

Sufficient natural light

Less light

Sufficient artificial light

6

Focus & Orientation

No focus

No focus

The sofa

No focus

T.V

High back chair

Highlighted wall

No focus

The displays

7

Color & tone

Green

Cream

White, cream, mauve

Cream

Green and white

Blue and white

White, silver, grey, red

Cream

Cream

8

Texture & materials

Iron gate

Floor tiling

Marble tiles

Floor tiles and granite for slab

Marble flooring

Marble flooring

Marble flooring

Tile flooring

Tiles flooring

9

Acoustic environment

Noisy, Towards colony

Quiet

Noisy during busy hours, else quiet

Quiet

Busy yet quiet

Noisy(sounds from the next house)

Noisy ,towards colony

Noisy (neighborho od noise)

Quiet

10

Thermal environment

Moderate

Moderate

Moderate

Moderate

Hot during day

Cool

Moderate

Hot in day

Cool

11

Flexibility and projected length of use

Used by all

Used by me

Used all day long

Cooking only

Interacting area, eating and entertainment

Interaction sometimes

Interacting ,eating and entertainment

Used by mom and me

Used through out the day


What you desire? S.NO.

CURRENT QUALITIES

ENTRANCE

TERRACE

LOBBY

KITCHEN

MASTER BEDROOM

BROTHER’S BEDROOM

LIVING ROOM

UTILITY AREA

MOM’S OFFICE

1

feeling/ mood

formal space

peaceful

common place of interaction

informal

informal ,relaxing

informal, lively but relaxing

formal interaction

Private

Public, busy

2

image & style

Attractive and appealing

simple

Modern

Simple

Modern

Modern

Modern open living rooms

Simple

Modern look

3

degree of spatial enclosure

Wide

Wide

Decently spacious

Spacious

Spacious

Spacious

spacious

Enough for proper access

Decently Spacious

4

comfort and security

Comfortable

Comfortable

Comfortable

Comfortable

Comfortable

Comfortable

Comfortable

Comfortable

Comfortable

5

quality of light

Well lit space

Day light

well lit spaceartificial lighting

Well lit

well lit space with natural light

well lit space with natural light

well lit space with natural light

sufficient light to access the area

well lit space

6

focus & orientation

should have focus and emphasis areas

No focus

should have a focus

no focus needed.

Focus wall

Focus wall

Focus wall

not required

Display

7

color &tone

monochromatic

White and blue

Monochromatic and color breaker

black and wooden

Black, white, green

Black, blue., white

Black, white, blue

white

Warm color theme

8

texture & materials

marble ,wall cladding

tile

Wooden floor

Granite slabs and tile flooring Wooden almirah

marble flooring

Marble flooring

Marble floor

Marble floor

Wooden flooring

9

acoustic environment

Quiet

quiet

Quiet

Quiet

Lively but not noisy

Lively but not noisy

Lively but not noisy

Quiet

Not noisy yet interactive

10

thermal environment

ventilated space

ventilated

ventilated

ventilated space

Cozy and well ventilated

Cozy and well ventilated

Cozy and comfortable, ventilated

Moderate temperate, ventilated

Moderate temperature , ventilated

11

flexibility and projected length of use

used by all

Used by me

Formal interaction space

Used by mom and me

Spacious space for proper circulation and accessibility

Spacious space for proper circulation and accessibility

Spacious space for proper circulation and accessibility Formal interaction

Good enough circulation

Used by public, decently spaced.


Proximity matrix


Stage 5 application of research methodology  1.

2. 3.

 1.

 1.

 1.

Placement of rooms: Kept in mind the privacy levels and age factors. example- the guest room or grandparents room has been kept on the ground floor. Dining and kitchen placed near by each other. Private room have been placed on the first floor. Interaction level: There is not much interaction among the family members, therefore a family lounge has been added to increase the level of interaction Vastu: Vastu is not a major issue in the family; still kept in mind to an extent. Example-Puja placed facing east. Design approach: Most members of family are adults and are working, thus affecting the privacy and interaction levels.


Stage 6 bubble diagrams ď Ž

ď Ž

I zoned the required spaces into private, semi private, semi public and public I first drew them out with pencil.


 

Red indicates private Purple indicates semi private

Pros: • division of entryto public area and to semi public. • Well segregated zoning • Puja near guest room/grand parent’s room

 

Blue indicates semi public Green indicates public

Pros: • division of entry- to public area and to semi public. • Well segregated zoning

Cons: • Relationship between spaces not defined clearly

Cons: • central kitchen-direct ventilation issue

Pros: • division of entry- to public area and to semi public. • Well segregated zoning Cons: • Relationship between spaces not defined clearly • Bubble diagram not clear

Pros: • division of entry- to public area and to semi public. • Well segregated zoning Cons: • central kitchen-direct ventilation issue • Puja becomes a central area which no longer remains private


Final bubble diagram This bubble diagram was the best in my case. It has the least number of cons. The main entry divides the plan into public and semi public areas. The zoning clearly defines the spatial relationship among the spaces. Ventilation and daylighting has been given wherever necessary. .The dining and kitchen are in major adjacency for the family and guests to sit together and have an interactive session.

Pros: well segregated zoning Natural light and ventilation wherever required Closeness of spaces defined.

Cons: Too heavy on the ground floor


Stage 7 Schematic zoning explorations and final zoning  

This was the part which took my maximum time. I had been struggling to get my schematic zoning in place for more than 2 weeks. This was because my mother’s office had to incorporated in the same given space.


Pros: • Pantry with family lounge • Laundry near shaft • Good buffer areas • Natural light in rooms Cons: • Beam interrupting head height of staircase to enter terrace. • Staircase near master bedroom

Pros: • Washroom b=near shaft • Pantry near family lounge Cons: • Beam interrupting head height of staircase to enter terrace. • Staircase near sibling's room • Lot of waste space • Pantry and laundry together

Pros: • Huge rooms Cons: • Beam interrupting head height of staircase to enter terrace. • Looks cluttered • Pantry away from lounge.


stage 8 Design development stage cad plans with pros and cons

 Pros: • Well segregated into its zones- private, semi private, semi public and public. • A long connected balcony. • Enough space for circulation. • Good transition from semi private to private areas with the help of curved wardrobes.  Cons: • The staircase to the terrace has to be figured out. • Doors of the balcony are too boring. • A lot of waste area in the living and dining area • The tailor’s room furniture has to be well laid out. • Too much window in living area. • No linear circulation from kitchen to dining.

 Pros: • Well segregated into its zones- private, semi private, semi public and public. • A long connected balcony. • Tailor’s room is well laid out. • Enough space for circulation. • Good transition from semi private to private areas with the help of curved wardrobes.  Cons: • The staircase to the terrace still has to be figured out. • A lot of waste area in the living and dining area • No linear circulation from kitchen to dining.


Stage 9 design brief

Concept of the house is based on 3 factors-

Light: To design a space according to the natural light to use minimum resources but get maximum benefit

Behavior and atmosphere The family do not sit together but rather go in their rooms. A recreational space has been given. Men of the house are working and usually stay on tour. Utility therefore becomes the main point to focus on.

Connectivity of spaces This is essential how one space leads into the other. Any space should not be disturbed by the other space.

Color theme Colors tell us the nature of a person, mood of a person, mood of a space


Stage 10 paper model

Ground floor


First floor


Stage 11 site analysis

Sun path

Zoning


Principles of design

Proximity

Clearances


Stage 12 final cad plan

ď Ž

Changes were made in the cad plan while making the sketch up model.


Stage 13 highlighting the plan terrace

Skylight above staircase

Wooden balcony with glass railing

Fall ceiling at a drop of 400mm


Stage 14 Final Sketch model Ground floor

den

First floor

plans


Front

north

Right

west

Elevations Back

south

Left

east


Ground floor

Lobby

Living area

Guest room Dining Living area

Kitchen office Puja Staircase Kitchen

Dining

Lobby

Guest room

office

Puja


Living room and dining

Entrance lobby

formal interaction spaces of the house. Cool colors used for a cool atmosphere. Dining is an informal space of interaction also.

A formal cum informal space. For customers, guests, or any client. Entrance door

Dining area but with a glass table top.

Puja

Sliding door with a staircase facing garden

A space to worship god. Used by all the members at least once a day

Stones below the lower glass of the table

Kota Marble used for puja table top Small water rotating panels for partition Jali used to separate this area from the entire house.


Guest room Space for guests or grandparents to stay. Rarely used. Near kitchen and dining-basically semi public and semi private part of the house

Kitchen a space for cooking. An important space

Granite stone used for kitchen shelf table top

Floor tile used

Wallpaper used to highlight wall


Office a space for public. This is mom’s boutique. It includes her office, a try room, a tailor room and a display area. This space keeps busy throughout the day and is therefore kept closest to the entry.

Tailors room

Try room

Display and buffer zone

A display rack in the office

Aluminum partition for room spaces. Frosted glass used instead of black glass.


First floor

Balcony

Skylight

Terrace Skylight Utility Family lounge

Family lounge

Master bedroom

Sibling’s room

Balcony

Master bedroom

Sibling’s room Terrace


Siblings room a newly married couple’s room. Cool atmosphere. Private.

The bed in white

Mirror on the sliding panels of the wardrobe for dressing.

Louvers for ventilation

Curved wardrobe

Display rack


Master bedroom parents room. Highly interactive space. Relaxing. Louvers for ventilation The bed in white

Curved wardrobe


Skylight

Balcony

Providing natural light to a part of the house during some part of the day

a relaxing space

Balcony with a glass railing and a swing to relax

Terrace

Family lounge A get together space for family to spend some time together from their busy lives

a space to relax and clear the mind from the daily busy life. room doors

Washroom doors


Principles of design Vases on the table act as black and white theme breaker Monochromatic theme is each room

There is harmony in terms of color and symmetry of spaces.

Symmetric and balanced spaces

The two rooms almost act as mirror images of each other

Asymmetric space


Learning outcome         

It is important to complete every step before reaching to the next stage. Research methodology does not finish at one step but continues till the end. Use auto cad and sketch up to show the layouts and models. Daly activities effect a residence design. Clearances with furniture and fixtures is taken care of. Analyze different layouts and make changes for a better output. Paper model helps to imagine how a space would look like roughly. How to arrange pictures and text in a concept board or concept sheet Work with patience and handle emergency situations



RESIDENCE DESIGN