PORTFOLIO OF TENG XING Selected works 2010 - 2016
Master of Architecture in Urban Design Harvard University Graduate School of Design 2017 Candidate
THE GRACE TO LIFE
I have always regarded them (form and things) as the final moment of a complex system, of an energy which only became visible through these facts. -- Aldo Rossi, A Scientific Autobiography Architecture is the grace to life by building the emotional bonds between the people and the built environment. For me, every design, through a progressive process of recording, reflecting, and communicating with the substantial space, is guiding and innovating the way of our life. Through my study in GSD, it is important to take a broad range of issues into consideration in the process of design to produce a profoundly impressive, intelligent, and evocative work. The ability to assemble and to take advantage of important elements from every facet creatively is the key towards an innovative end. It is a willingness to welcome the visitors or the readers investigating infinite layers of meaning behind a project which is the final moment of a complex system. As Rem Koolhaas said, it is the unstable open programming where any facet of human civilization and architecture could benefit from each otherâ€™s challenges promoted by the complexity of the architecture and urban design that crucial. Based on the same point of view, my works in this portfolio try to express the design as a way to reach, unfold, and connect every voice of our life, and to improve the quality of our life.
BLURRED BOUNDARY - COMMUNITY CENTER IN MEXICO CITY Moving things around, Exploring Rossi's Small Scientific Theatre, Mexico
HOMOGENEITY AND DIVERSITY - TRANSFORMATION OF LE HAVRE Le Havre: Transformation of the Reconstructed City, France
LAB CITY Competition of Laboratory Building in Campus Saclay Polythechnique, France
REPROGRAMMING TYPOLOGIES: TWISTED U Domesticity and Urban life, Rethinking Affordable Housing in Manhattan, NY
THE SECOND NATURE: HOUSING RENOVATION IN BEIJING The Renovation Project for Traditional Housing in Fukangli, Beijing, China
EXISTING AND DISAPPEARING - IMPRINT LIFE The Disappearance of Architecture, Historical Museum Design in Beijing, China
ECONOMIC AND ARCHITECTURAL STRATEGIES - ABOVE OAXACA Craft, Politics, and the Production of Housing in Oaxaca, Mexico
123 MELROSE Residential complex in Bushwick, Brooklyn, NY
OTHER WORKS INTERFACE: SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE - School of architecture building GREEN LOOP - Dagu Urban design, Tianjin THE LONELY CENTER - Community center design for Hengluxiang LA MER - Hotel design for Rizhao SRM INFO TECH - interior design for SRM technology CORRIDOR AND COURTYARD - Competition of Baitasi Reinventing
TENG XING email@example.com / +1 617 477 7721 / 203 Apt, 175 Beacon Street, Somerville, MA 02143 EDUCATION
Harvard Graduate School of Design, Cambridge, MA Master of Architecture in Urban Design | 2014.09- 2017.05 (Expected)
School of Architecture, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China Master of City and Rural Planning | 2012.07 - 2014.05 Bachelor of Architecture - 2008.09 | 2012.07 PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE
Dominique Perrault Architecture, Paris, France Intern Architect | 2016.01 - 2016.07
ODA Architecture, NY Intern Architect | 2015.06 - 2015.08
Research Center for Detailed Planning THUPDI, Beijing, China Intern Urban Planner | 2013.09 - 2013.12
CCDI Architectural Consulting firm, Beijing, China Intern Architect | 2012.05 - 2012.08
gmp Architekten con Gerkan, Marg und Partner, Beijing, China Intern Architect | 2012.01 - 2012.04 ACADEMIC HONORS
Nominated GSD Platform 10 | 2017. 05 Nominated GSD Platform 10 | 2017. 01 Nominated GSD Platform 8 | 2015. 05 Distinction in 2016 Fall Harvard GSD Option Studio: Le Havre: Transformation of the Reconstructed City | 2017. 01 Distinction in 2015 Spring Harvard GSD Option Studio: Craft, Politics, and the Production of Housing in Oaxaca | 2015. 05 DESIGN COMPETITIONS & AWARDS
1st Prize, Best Neighborhood Design, Shanhai International Hotel Design Competition | 2016 1st Prize, UIA HYP cup 2013 International Student Competition in Architectural Design | 2013 Finalist, Fentress Global Challenge International Competition | 2012 Honorable mention, UA Creation Award & International Concept Design Competition | 2011 SKILLS
Revit, AutoCAD, SketchUp, Rhino, Adobe Suite(Photoshop, Illustrator, InDesign, Premiere, After Effects), ArcGIS, Vray LANGUAGES
Mandarin Chinese (Native), English (Proficient), French (Basic) https://gsd-harvard-csm.symplicity.com/profiles/teng.xing
*Public Projection - Multiplicity of Voices. Teng Xing, Shiyu Chen, Hanwei Li
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I would like to thank Mr. Dominique Perrault, Mrs. Gaëlle Lauriot-Prévost, Mr. Wonne Ickx, Mr. Michel Desvigne, Mrs. Inessa Hansch, Mrs. Anita Berrizbeitia, Mr. Felipe Correa, Mrs. Daine Davis, Mr. Jose Castillo, Mr. Krzysztof Wodiczko, Mrs. Ewa Harabasz, Mrs. Christine Smith, Mr. Michele Bonino, Mrs. Xiaoqing Cheng, Miss. Bérénice Curt, and Miss. Xiaoyang LIU. They are my instructors and my friends who have been helping me and encouraging me all along. This portfolio cannot be done without their sincere suggestions.
01 BLURRED BOUNDARY COMMUNITY CENTER IN MEXICO CITY GSD 2017 Spring Option Studio Moving things around, Exploring Rossi's Small Scientific Theatre Instructor: Wonne Ickx Individual work Nominated for GSD Platform 10
Plaza Zarco, an intersection of several communities including the center of the city in its east, the Reforma avenue in its south, and the Guerrero area in its north, represents a diverse and mixed urban condition in Mexico city.
separate the pedestrian and the avenue, etc. The design focuses on the two main qualities of the various conditions of the boundary; the first is the capability in accommodating different events between layers and the ability in rearranging the sequence of the events. This quality is fit for the life in Mexico. The second is the ability to built an uncertainty and ambiguity between several pairs of relationships such as the private and the public, the interior and the exterior, the existence and the nothingness, the centrifugation and the centralization, regarding the spatial organization in Mexico City.
The project start from the idea of establishing the interaction between the architecture and the urban context by manipulating the boundary conditions of the building. In Mexico City, in opposite to establish a distinct boundary between indoors and outdoors, there is a variety of approaches in defining a space such as the portico that divides the plaza and the garden, the canopies that define the area of street vendors, the street trees that
SPACES BETWEEN BOUNDARIES The columns De-materialize the boundary and also critic the sense of weight. The layers of boundaries become the organized artificial forest of columns. It blur the boundary between the permanency and the transiency.
SPACES BETWEEN BOUNDARIES The space generated by the boundaries create various spatial states that are both independent to and dependent on the adjacent spaces. Each two boundaries share one same line in one side, so the moment the boundaries separate from or integrate with each other is the moment the ambiguity starts.
THE FOREST OF COLUMNS The columns create a series of visual perceptions that during the move of observers, the space changes from narrow to wide, from close to open. All of them bring the building into a smog-like atmosphere that the boundary between in and out disappeared.
PLAN The ambivalent and uncertain condition of the building will captivate the passerby. While the building possesses the ability to communicate with the surfaces around it, and to create new urban conditions together with them. For example, on the ground, the portico on the north side corresponds to the portico of Pantheon of San Fernando to the west of the site. And the main facade enclose the plaza with its openness.
Model of Scientific theater (exterior): Aldo Rossi made the model of Scientific theater regarding it as a tool to investigate the urban composition. Similarly, the exterior model shown here depicted the object composition happened in the main entrance of the building, where the gap between two layers opens and becomes a plaza welcoming the visitors.
Model of Scientific theater (interior): Standing as a coordinate, the columns and the cores inside of the building create a grid, on which the nine square grid lies. In the exhibition space, the people, the furnitures, the events, and the objects compose the irregular beats out of the regular grid.
USING SCIENTIFIC THEATER AS A TOOL OF DESIGN
SECTION I - I / II - II The project creates four canopies in four sides welcoming the visitors. Meanwhile, the design talks about the centrifugation and the centralization. The way of getting into the center of the exhibition is also the way of getting away from the center of the building. This ambivalent relation amplify the ambiguity between the inside and the outside.
THE COMPOSITION OF ELEMENTS The items or the objects including the restroom, the core and the sculpture, they re- materialize the building. These elements with distinct materials perform like the shining stars behind the mist..
EXHIBITION SPACE The void inside the building connect different floors creates a center inside of the forest. The other voids facing the direction where to layers share the same side create a perception of changing axis.
URBAN CONTEXT The Plaza Zarco becomes one part of the green network of the whole area. The trees in grid correspond to the Alameda Central in the south while becoming parts of the boundary.. 10
01 TRANSFORMATION OF LE HAVRE START AT THE TOP GSD 2016 Fall Option Studio Le Havre: Transformation of the Reconstructed City Instructor: Michel Desvigne, Inessa Hansch Individual work Distinction Honor Nominated for GSD Platform 10
With lots of monuments and visual corridors designed for them, Le Havre could be regarded as a city dedicated to the view. It is clear that the visual communication is a way of connecting relations between places while re-understanding or re-forming the meaning of a place. The need of visual connection, which is one character of the city, has been strengthened by a variety of types of architectural components in Le Havre.
population decline for 30 years. This project tries to anchor in the belief that a socially balanced city would benefit from greater social , economic diversification. Therefore, the introduction of these beautiful vantage points is supposed to bring new values and meanings to the other layers, including streets, courtyards, and spaces composed of them, and re-organize those different places in the city.
However, the roof or the fifth facade of the building, which is a potential space for people to enjoy the view and also the subject of an unfinished proposal by August Perret, has been forgotten for decades. As Perret thought, this place should be designed in continuity with the gardens on the ground, and be perceived from the window overlooking*.
The provision of three various types of programs, which are housing, working place, and cultural facility, will 1. Complete the Perretâ€™s proposal; 2. Densify and diversify the city by the provision of new functions; and 3. Improve the environment of the town by re-defining the courtyard as an integrated part with the roofs. The project, to illustrate the strategy as a representative and reproducible case, will take three sites illustrating how different programs could be connected with city context respectively.
Now it is time for the roofs, but not only the roofs. The project will take the roof as a new layer for spaces, for views, and for new functions to revive its surrounding neighborhoods. Furthermore, it has always been a challenge to bring the residents back to the city, especially when the center of Le Havre has been experiencing a
(http://unesco.lehavre.fr/fr/comprendre/la-trame-624) ( AVAP_lehavre_2_diagnostic.pdf - http://ww.lehavre.fr/download/2016/PLU)
VISUAL COMMUNICATION WITH MONUMENTS
As a reconstructed city, the design of Le Havre is so systematic that the visual corridors left for monumental buildings can be identified easily. More than re-defining the spatial structure of the city, visual communication is a tool to bring together social economic and culture domains.
THE CONSUMPTION OF MONUMENT, SIGHT, OR THE LIFE
Perfectly followed August Perret’s design, space tends to become the accessory of monumental buildings in the city, instead of a friendly living environment. The project tries to found a balance while keeping the character of the city.
BELVEDERE - DESIGN ELEMENTS
Focusing on ‘communicating elements’ in the city, the roof, a place should have been designed in continuity with the sunken gardens and perceived from the windows in August Perret’s mind, becomes the start point of conception. Together with windows, terrace, and balcony, more public spaces and further transformation can be generated from re-occupation of the roof top.
STRATEGY OF THE PROJECT The redefinition of courtyard in Le Havre To achieve the three goals mentioned above the project will introduce a series of new architecture and landscape facilities to provide housing, working, and entertaining facilities which will first make use of those idled roofs and then re-organize the space of blocks. This drawing shows that by adding 1600 m2, the FAR of a block would increase from 1.7 to 2.4, which is the average lever of blocks in Le Havre.
Y vs. DIVERSITY a. courtyard; b. belvedere; c. restaurant; d. stair; e. residential addition; f. street; g. opening; h,i. courtyard; j. belvedere; k. elevator; l. roof system; m. courtyard; n. office.
A PLAN FOR THE SECOND RECONSTRUCTION After the reconstruction followed WWII, the city of Le Havre welcomes the second round of reconstruction, waiting to solve new problems. This proposal will start from the roofs, but not only the roofs. The project creates other new layers for the city generated by the discovery of the roof, for energy, for new functions, and for beautiful views. The introduction of those beautiful vantage points brings new value and meanings to the other layers in the city, including the streets and courtyards, as well as reorganizes and redefines those different space in the city.
GROUND FLOOR PLAN Here comes the juxtaposition of homogeneity and diversity along Rue de Paris. All designed by August, the feeling of this main street in Le Havre is a combination of solemnity and uniformity. The strategy to open the courtyard adds another dimension to the city, which is, by regenerating and reconnecting the courtyard, the diversity of activities inside of courtyards.
TYPOLOGY 1 & TYPOLOGY 2 The first two typologies are located in two courtyards are the typical continuous blocks along rue de Paris. A spatial gradients from the center to both sides of the street, regarding function of buildings and the public - private space, is built here while providing working and living spaces through the strategy mentioned above. This site demonstrates that the provision of a progression of the perspectives over the surroundings and other activities as people re-occupy the roof would give the steps a vital role in the whole system of creating an entirely new texture. This strategy does not only providing access to the roof but also connecting different layers and surfaces in the city. This two typologies could be reproduced in other blocks along Rue de Paris. 1. section I-I; 2. plan; 3. model view from west to east; 4. model view of eastern yard
TYPOLOGY 1 - THE FIRST COURTYARD - JOB PROVISION
Entrance along the avenue: Acknowledged that the interaction created by opening is also one character of Le Havre, the design creates an opening to the street allowing passerby to have the possibility to peer into the spaces beyond the homogeneous street scene, and have a chance to use the spaces re-opened to the public behind the facade along the street. Office detail: The transformation between interior and exterior is the key part of the design. Different spatial situations will provide abundant spatial experiences to the users. In the design of offices block in the first courtyard, transparent facades, belvedere and open terrace create a hospitality situation for citizens to discover the transformation while keeping an accord with the spatial legacy of Perret.
TYPOLOGY 1 - ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN
FIRST FLOOR PLAN The typical layout for office space with the width of 20 feet
THIRD FLOOR PLAN The gallery layout with the interaction between interior and exterior
Strategies on architectural elements: The design focuses on the way citizens approaching the fifth facade by designing architectural elements as an intervention. The volume of the architecture is controlled, due to the limitation of the space and the consideration of sunlight requirement, and the whole structure is bound with the existing buildings seamlessly.
THE ESTABLISHMENT OF HARMONIOUS Perret's project left a space for the further renovation regarding the potential spaces in building typologies he proposed. On the other hand, these buildings with special materials construct an identified urban atmosphere that has to be followed by the interventions. New buildings try to be accordance with the urban environment by showing its lightness and transparency.
TYPOLOGY 2 - THE SECOND COURTYARD - RESIDENTIAL PROVISION
VERTICAL PARTITION / SPATIAL TRANSITION Further away from Rue de Paris, the second courtyard is shaped into a common space for the residents around it. Different from the first courtyard which diversifies the city by providing working space, this typology densifies the city by adding more housing on the top. Keeping the same idea of August Perret, the design will focus on the vertical partition of the refined building. Meanwhile, the spatial transition becomes the key point since new relations is built in between the blocks by the intervention. The public environment will also be re-defined and weaved by this strategy, which contributes to the preparation of a creation of urban landscape on a larger scale.
SECTION DETAIL - TYPOLOGY 1
SECTION DETAIL - TYPOLOGY 2
TYPOLOGY 3 - REDEFINE THE MEANING OF THE COURTYARD
Existing vs. Design
The redefinition of courtyard in Le Havre: By re-programming the public, massive and private domains in the third site, the strategy is proved to have a further potential in redefining the courtyard typology in the city of Le Havre. A new layer is added onto the top of commercials facing to the residential blocks. The public could be introduced into the block while sharing the benefit of it without disturbing the privacy of the community. In the same way, by adding a new platform on the top of the garage, an integrated layer of common space is created for the residents. New interactions are expected under the new circumstance while the block is becoming an autonomic community connecting with different groups of people as a whole.
SECTION I - I
SECTION II - II
02 ABOVE OAXACA DENSIFICATION OF HISTORIC CENTER IN URBAN OAXACA GSD 2015 Spring Option Studio Craft, Politics, and the Production of Housing in Oaxaca, Mexico Instructor: Daine Davis, Jose Castillo Collaborator: Yuxiang Luo, Man Su My work: On-stie research, Strategy, Conceptual and Architecture design, all drawings in this portfolio Distinction Honor Published in GSD Platform 8 Published in Housing and Habitus
“We have paid so much for INFONAVIT, but they are not providing the housing that can benefit our employees!”. The critique by the owner of a local manufacturing company shows the inefficiency and inability embedded in the current housing development model of Mexico, in terms of addressing home buyers’ specific local demands.
while the company is a form of territorial community that workers belong to ,and it can become INFONAVIT’s local mediator. The reintroduced affinity between the worker and the employer for housing production may result in the physical proximity between place of residency and place of production. Meanwhile, to break the rigidity of workers’ house, both in terms of space and in terms of demographics, is to infuse the typology with the city dynamism.
Applied all around the cities in Mexico, the housing provision model supposed to link the Developer, the INFONAVIT (the federal institute for worker’s housing that act as a mortgage lender), and every individual housing buyer failed due to the lack of agency that can mediate the national scale (INFONAVIT’s funding range) and the local community (housing is a territorial issue). This problem is getting worse in Oaxaca, another likely “living museum“ with its tourist-to-local ratio of 3.82, where the government is seeking to densify the city while its’ citizens are denied access to many services and infrastructure in the center.
In this process, the courtyards, which provides physical spaces, located inside of the companies, and profound tradition of manufactured industry that links living and working play a role as catalyst. By redefining the densification as socio-economic diversification instead of adding physical FAR, the acupuncture of housing addition will strategically infuse residential life into the city, preserving the life ambiance.
The project innovates INFONAVIT’s business model, by bringing the employer back to the partnership of housing provision with introducing the LIVE-WORK TYPOLOGY,
LIVE - WORK TYPOLOGY
The Live-Work Typology becomes available by bringing the employer back to the partnership of housing provision. As a result, the approaches of housing provision are unobstructed. Moreover, benefits can be derived from this typology while using the courtyard of the company as a container of the city dynamism.
CASE: MAYORDOMO & REPRODUCIBILITY
The chocolate producer and seller Mayordomo De Oaxaca is chosen here as a representative case in its following qualities: 1. Diversified industrial chain; 2. Various physical properties across the city; 3. Well-located commercial outlets with courtyard typology; 4. distinct public presence for the people in the city. And similarly, the employers that are 1. Formally registered on INEGI; 2. Employing 6-100 people; 3. Listed as manufacture industry; and 4. Having commercial outlets would also be regarded ideal sites for the replication.
STRATEGY DEVELOPMENT PROCESS
FRONT COURTYARD & BACKSIDE COURTYARD
INCENTIVE ALIGNMENTS With the innovative housing provision model, various stakeholders could benefit from the new partnership across different sectors.
SECTION & ACTIVITIES These diagrammatic sections show the idea of the courtyard as an incubator space for other activities. The project expands the meaning of courtyard to craft innovation and housing provision, testing three possibilities. 1. Using courtyard induce new business functions for the firm; 2. Increasing the homeâ€™s value by establishing a community base on the patio; 3. Linking the city and the firm by providing public space and public events in courtyards.
GROUND FLOOR PLAN Mayordomo’s restaurant, store, bar, kitchen, and the production site
UPPER FLOOR PLAN Boutique rental apartments, and workers’ housing units
PLUG / FRAME The housing structures are built upon the original building with a system of â€œplugsâ€œ that consists of solid structural frames, circulation systems, building infrastructures, and various small-scale public/private spaces.
DOMESTIC LIFE - CRAFTSMANâ€™S HOUSE The housing for craftsman will be introduced on the 1st floor. Living space is separated from public corridor linking the front and backside courtyard by a craftsman-operated functional block composed of a kitchen, a manufacture workshop and a small shop that play an intermediate role of serving public as well as residents.
DOMESTIC LIFE - HOUSING FOR EMPLOYEES Each employee of Mayordomo can be provided a two-bedroom apartment with an area of 60m2, bigger than that of the affordable housing in average around Mexico, to house his/her family. Two house types can be distinguished from whether the living room is integrated with the kitchen.
REDEFINITION OF DENSIFICAION IN HISTORIC CENTER It is not feasible to drastically increase the physical FAR in Oaxacaâ€™s historic center, due to the preservation of historic buildings and their facade. However, acupuncture of housing addition can strategically infuse residential life into the city, as the UNESCO Vienna Memorandum in 2005 extends the meaning of heritage from physical to intangible culture heritage, preserving the life ambiance.
NEW URBAN GEOGRAPHY -- Housing Blocks, Courtyards, and Streets The city will be able to enhance the local residential presence by providing around ten housing units in each block. The proposal strengthens the connectivity between public and private life in the city because the housing provided are based on numerous idiosyncratic courtyards.
03 APPEARANCE AND DISAPPEARANCE IMPRINT LIFE, THE DISAPPEARANCE OF ARCHITECTURE, MUSEUM DESIGN UIA HYP Cup International Student Competition in Architecture Design, 2013 Autumn Location: Beijing Jury Chairman: Dominique Perrault Collaborator: Xiaoyang Liu My work: On-stie research, Architecture design, all drawings in this portfolio 1st Prize, UIA HYP Cup International Student Competition
An architecture, like a theater, acts like the background of events. But it performs not only for the events occur inside, but also for an empty state and finally for a condition caused by the acting force between the events and the emptiness.
hiding the building underground according to the topography of the site; 2. to materialize the memory and the sense of a place by preserving the trees, which would tell the location of original courtyard, on the site. In this process, the physical form of a building disappears while the collective memory of a place could still be perceived through the feeling of the time by those preserved trees.
The museum is located in a demolition area in Xuan Wu District, Beijing, which is also a historic site with lots of local memories. The site has been wasted and idled for almost ten years. However, the memory for the location did not disappear along with the trees growing on the site.
Just like the old saying that the greatest benevolence is like water, which means water possess the ability to accommodate everything while influencing the character of them subtly, the best architecture should have the same spirit. Therefore, it is rather more appropriate to shape a place accommodating and welcoming everything than to build a monumental sculpture in this case.
In discussing what is disappeared and what is not, the project starts with the memory of a place and tries to materialize it. Two goals will be achieved in this project. 1. to extend the meaning of architecture. It wonâ€™t be a monumental structure. Instead, it will work as the background environment for the residents around it by
TRACING OF TREES The site is called Chunshu Park, or the park of the tree of heaven, which indicates itsâ€™ close relationship with plants. To express the memory of the site and to convey the feeling of time, the project keeps all the trees, seven of which will vary with the season, in this area. Therefore, every visit will be a unique one with these changing lives.
GROUND FLOOR PLAN G: gallary 1000m2 ; O: office 300m2 ; T: theater 360m2 ; C: cafe 500m2 ; M: multi-function room 180m2 ; L: library 100m2 ; Med: meditation garden Lo: lobby 80m2 ; Area: 2500m2
TO MATERIALIZE THE MEMORY By keeping the existing trees and designing routes according to old paths, the project preserves the history of the site. Meanwhile, three bodies of the museum embedded in the place to integrate with surrounding landscape and form an open space for residents. Three types of space are introduced here interacting with the existing trees. The first one is linear trees standing along the routes; the second is private courtyard with the individual tree inside of it, and the third is a common yard for woods surrounded by three museum volumes.
STRATEGY By viewing the architecture as a background for activities, the project is adaptable to the use of different groups of people. The introduction of plants ensures the environment will be interacting with the season actively.
AXON Various routes are designed for accessing and meeting the building and the landscape. In the central part of the building, three rooms are faced to each other, forming a courtyard where people can seat and have a relax.
PERSPECTIVE (DAY & NIGHT) The idea of time (different times in one day / different seasons in a year) could be perceived through changing scenes of the site.
DETAIL SECTION Because the building is hidden under the soil, ceiling and roof are designed to ensure a good light environment. Visitors are welcoming to reach the nature on any level. This smooth transition blurs the boundary between the architecture and the landscape.
The interior is important: one must always imagine the effect produced by a person who leaves a room unexpectedly -- Aldo Rossi
04 THE SECOND NATURE THE RENOVATION PROJECT FOR TRADITIONAL HOUSING IN FUKANGLI, BEIJING Commission Project, 2015 Autumn Location: Beijing Collaborator: Xiaoyang Liu My work: Conceptual Design, Construction Design, all drawings and photos in this portfolio
The project rethinks the lifestyle of Beijing critically and tries to reconcile the needs of different generations in one building.
exotic, exclusive Peach Colony from a traditional Chinese thought of intention that represents the state of inner peace of a person, implying the spiritual pursuit of the owner. Therefore, the interior of the housing becomes a series of thresholds that are successively connecting one world to the next, while the beginning becomes and links to the ending.
The site is beside the wall of the Temple of Haven, which becomes one of the biggest parks in the historic center of Beijing. Paradoxically, the friendly environment around the site is excluded from the housing due to the lack of light and ventilation, let along any interaction with its neighbors. The project deals with the problems with removing all the walls that divide the space and simplifying the distribution to obtain large and opened spaces that multiplied light.
Because the building was built in the 1970s as compensation, neither bathroom nor kitchen has been equipped in the building. In the project, they are distributed into two linked boxes, the outer one of which is regarded as the kitchen communicating interior and exterior, which is followed the tradition of this neighborhood.
The other outcome is a linear succession of different spaces representing a sequence from the nature environment to a living space. An interior garden is placed at the end of the series, which refers to the
THE ELEMENTS OF DESIGN
• Serving apparatus: necessary that should be read as the basic elements that establish new matrix and dimension of the project; • Serving infrastructures: provide the framework of the project; • Potential events: a suspension state with the same idea of Aldo Rossi that provide an imagination of potential movements and events in the house; • Environment demands: anchorage point of the project which implies the culture legacy and the limitation of current situation.
SITE & MATERIALS - THE ELEMENTS OF NATURE
Materials chosen: Brick Concrete Stave wood Corrosion resistant plate Plants
Used to be one part of the Temple of Heaven, the site is surrounded by all kinds of plants, of which the pine trees, poplar trees, and pagoda trees are the majority. All of them contribute to a unique living atmosphere which is no longer common in the present Beijing. By the using of specific materials related to the environment, the memory of the site is expected to be recalled.
Privacy protection: By hiding the bed behind the bathroom while marking the space by hanging the curtain, the private part could keep away from the outside.
The materiality of space: In order to provide a vibrant spatial experience, different materials were using. The concrete bonding plaster wall indicates the old space division and the mirror finished stainless steel plate of the bathroom enlarges the space visually while hiding toilet facilities inside of it.
VIEW OF THE â€˜INTERIOR GARDENâ€˜
AXON: THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A NEW SEQUENCE A new sequence implying the nature elements on both sides of the site was built while recalling the traditional lifestyle.
VARIEABILITY OF NEW PARTITION The main idea of the partition is to reorganize the space for a new lifestyle while containing necessary functions and increasing the variability.
Constructoin details: The communication between different materials is one of the key in the design. Images above show how the white tiles interact with bricks and green iron frame, and how stainless steel frame act with white plasters wall
Communication: Being regarded as a mediator between interior and exterior, the window of the kitchen provides the opportunity for communication.
Partition of space: Since it is impossible to divide the space with walls, a set of metal frame system which could be used as bookshelf and clothes hanger is put into use as a soft partition to differentiate public and private functions.
CREATION OF A LIFESTYLE
Disappearance and Enlargement of the space: Being regarded as a mediator between interior and exterior, the window of the kitchen provides the opportunity for communication.
The Entrance and the Kitchen: Kitchen plays a vital role in the life of one- story house in Beijing since cooking possesses so many meaning in Chinese' life. It is a platform for operation; it is. A window for the communication; it is also a place for the congregation. Moreover, in this case, the kitchen connects the entrance, forming a new architectural element, which raises new meanings for them.
BUILDING A STAGE
SECTIONS AND FACADE DRAWINGS
05 REPROGRAMMING TYPOLOGIES: TWISTED U DOMESTICITY AND URBAN LIFE, RETHINKING AFFORDABLE HOUSING IN MANHATTAN GSD Elements of Urban Design Core Studio, 2014 Spring Instructor: Anita Berrizbeitia Collaborator: Man Su My work: On-stie research, Strategy, Conceptual and Architecture design, all drawings in this portfolio
As written in his ‘Delirious New York,’ Rem Koolhaas believes Manhattan’s identity comes from ‘the culture of congestion’ which has been being tested by enormous architectural inventions. This statement implies the potential of both architecture and social policy embedded in the affordable-housing-provision agenda in present and future New York.
connects the urban to the East River. By systematically accommodating various activities through carefully arranging different spatial typologies on the location, the Twisted-U becomes a shared space that encourages a conversation between the residents, the public, the visitors, the life and the work. The living experiences are not fragmented pieces of perception anymore. An articulation of living and working activities could permeate the area through flowing and open spaces in both horizontal and vertical direction.
Tomorrow’s New York residential buildings, when considering the implication behind the task of reconciling market-rate housing and income housing in one site, have to put openness, social activities and public engagement center stage. Those exclusive, monolithic communities are buildings of the past. As a result, by challenging the traditional distinction between the high-end apartment and income housing and proposing new domestic space where it is possible to accommodate an increasingly flexible relationship between but not limited to the living and working, the project attempts to regard the housing as the key element for a social scale transformation.
Therefore, the project stands as a complex of various urban functions: the landscape, the waterfront park, workshops for manufacturers, studio for creative workers, galleries, retailers, and the impressive art center. After all, by establishing an ecosystem that enables new social links beyond the spatial boundary, the neighborhood gains its quality of congestion where working and living converge.
The woven landscape of the project enables citizens to discover a new cultural center in this neighborhood through a pedestrian system that solves the problem of the height difference on each side of the site and
REDEFINE THE RIVER BANK OF MANHATTAN
The site besides the United Nations Headquarters is the joint of two axes in two directions, of which the public instructions including public housing programs and medical facilities define the south-north direction, and the extension of public services from the west to east define the other. The project aims at responding and making use of the publicâ€™s expectation of it.
STRATEGY I: A VERTICAL ECOSYSTEM -- A study of basic typologies: plinth, tower, and slab
The basic building form for a vertical autonomic system is shaped according to the typological study, which is mainly focused on ‘tower,’ ’slab,’ and ‘plinth‘.
STRATEGY II: A LANDSCAPE SYSTEM
Far away from dividing the site into pieces aligned with the famous Manhattan grid, the project tries to generate the congestion in a larger scale. The woven landscape, which becomes the base of the design, enables the place to accommodate various activities systematically.
THE PERMEABLE OPEN SPACE
With planting on top of the existing soil, a permeable open space with a spatial sequence from artificial to nature is established between the 1st Avenue and the East bank.
SECTION - VERTICAL CONNECTION Three typologies (plinth, tower, and slab) are used as the basis for the projects. They are vertically integrated into a united space that hosts a multiplicity of working, living, commercial and producing activities. Due to the flexibility of the spatial organization, this connection can also be regarded as an independent system where production materials can be transported, stored, processed, sold to the public or consumed by residents. The goal of this arrangement is to reveal the potential productivity of the domestic space and the domesticity of the workplace.
GROUND FLOOR PLAN
View from 1st Avenue
View of inner yard
TWO HORIZONS The site which used to be a wasteland blocked, together with other exclusive blocks along the East River, citizensâ€™ way towards the bank of the river. The project tries to re-connect both sides of the site (the 1st Ave on the east and the bank on the west), by inviting pedestrians to treat the ground of the community as a layer of the landscape, which generates the redefinition of the siteâ€™s boundaries as new horizons.
VARIATIONS AND THE FLEXIBILITY OF SLAB
06 LAB CITY COMPETITION OF LABORATORY BUILDING DESIGN IN CAMPUS SACLAY POLYTHECHNIQUE Intern Project in Donimique Perrault, 2016 Spring Location: Palaiseau Project Team: Dominique Perrault, William, Bérénice Curt, Teng My work: Concept design, Site model, Study model, Requirements analysis, Design of plan, Drawing of plans, Drawing of sections and facades, Document preparation
The project is a new architecture for two prestigious engineering schools in France. This building will be located between l’Ecole Polytechnique and the l’Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Techniques Avancées and become a connection underlying the overall planning for the educational cluster of Saclay, Paris whose goal is to become one of the largest educational centers in the world.
transparency while ensuring optimal conditions for daily work inside of the building. However, according to the potential demands of further extension, the project will provide and establish a flexible and modular spatial system waiting for further development, which is a lab-city, instead of a completed new building. This strategy will be built align the logic with its context, in the other word, the master plan. An agglomeration of small architectures will be constructed along permanent public spaces. These open space will play as the skeleton for advanced changes.
The project aims at converting a campus of a virtual appliance on the edge of the city into a place activating social life. The aspiration of this development is to use the new infrastructure attract not only researchers and students to work here but also the visitors to enjoy and participate in the social life in the campus. Therefore, the project will seek to achieve the balance between technicality and openness of the workplace by adding
Shared by four departments with laboratories and offices in each, the functional requirements are complicated. On the other hand, it is also an opportunity in balancing the demands of each department to generate an original layout and a new type of campus building.
TYPOLOGY STUDY As a connection between two schools in the educational cluster of Saclay, the layout should reflect the response to the environment in the aspect of building typology appropriately. Meanwhile, it also has to adapt to the functional requirement in different levels.
Central gateway: The central gateway separates the site solve the conflicts between the cargo transportation and the public activities, while different parts of the building can communicate with each other by the passerelle on upper floors.
Master plan: The strategy to divide the site into four pieces while organizing them by a central cross ensure the continuity of spatial typology, which is the courtyard, of the campus. All laboratories are located on the ground floor, this provides the flexibility of the arrangement, while offices on the upper floors get the proximity.
PERSPECTIVE & MASTER PLAN
GROUND FLOOR PLAN Different colors in the plan show various departments. Four major units are distributed and shape four courtyards. They are independent on the ground floor due to the security reason, and the way laboratories are used. Meanwhile, courtyards provide enough space for public activities while retaining the possibility and flexibility of future extensions.
View from west (the main entrance): Different from the traditional campus buildings with big gates as the main entrance, public is welcoming to enter through a central corridor guiding towards the lobby in the center of the cross.
First floor plan: Offices of each department locate above their laboratories while the passerelle in the center keeps their proximity with each other.
ENTRANCE PERSPECTIVE & FIRST FLOOR PLAN
West facade: Fifty percent of the facade on the ground floor is removable, which ensure the convenience of laboratory activities. Offices floating above the labs with smaller rooms are using denser window frame.
Section D-D: Offices and Laboratories from same departments have a vertical proximity relation. The large space on the ground floor permits a more flexible way of using.
Distant view: Following the height limitation of the site, the building fits into the environment of the campus perfectly while generating an active interaction between the natural environment and artificial structure with its materiality.
07 123 MELROSE LARGE RESIDENTIAL NEIGHBORHOOD, NY Intern Project in ODA Architecture, 2015 Summer Location: Brooklyn, NY Project Team: Kristina Kesler, Hadas Brayer, Heidi Theunissen, Steven Kocher, Teng My work: Participation of DD phase, Design and Refinement of the Housing Type, Drawing of the plan (CAD / REVIT)
The project will provide 1,000,000 square feet of apartment units in Bushwick, 20% of which will be affordable. The building is perforated by a sequence of the interconnected courtyard on the ground floor, which will become a platform for activities and interactions for the community. Meanwhile, the green promenade on the roof will also encourage multi activities in this increasingly vibrant area.*
with a both flexible and standardized plan for each floor become inevitable. In this process, to balance the distribution of affordable housing and other housing types while keeping a high quality of apartment design becomes the focal point. In this period, over 150 house types are formalized and reduced to less than 100, within which three typical studio types composite the major part of each floor.
Floor plan becomes organic due to the idea of constructing the meandering courtyards on the ground. To adapt to the notion, to design and to refine the plan
FLOOR PLAN 4TH FLOOR SOUTH PART
KEY PLAN 4TH FLOOR SOUTH PART
08 INTERFACE SCHOOL OF ARCHTECTURE, BEIJING Campus architecture design, 2010 Autumn Instructor: Xiaoxi Cheng Individual work
The surface differentiating interior from exterior gives the identity to a building. At the same time, this surface as an interface communicating between inside and outside also established infinite relations between each other. In this project, the notion of identifying a building by defining its surface becomes the main issue, since it is a way of reconciling and connecting two groups of people in and out of the building. In this way, each facade reflects a given situation in each direction, creating spaces with different characters towards different sides. For
instance, the rotated southern facade posts a welcoming gesture by creating a public space in the front with a perception of the enclosure, while the eastern facade an exhibition space with a lifted platform. In this process, interior space affected by the facade plays as a feedback towards the external system, forming an open and flexible studio space for architecture students.
INTERFACE BETWEEN INTERIOR AND EXTERIOR
MODEL STUDY OF THE FACADE
ATRIUM - STUDIO CONCEPT DRAWING The surface in between the atrium and the studio is identified with interior southern facade since both of them share the same idea of spiraling. It is supposed to be a way facilitating the communication between students.
Studio space: As one of the most distinct and important spaces of a design school, the studio located along the southern facade is conceived as a continuous public space. Due to the rotation of south facade, the area becomes spiral with various views, where promising students communicate with each other.
PERSPECTIVE OF STUDIO SPACE
The logic of distribution: Revolving around a central hall, where is regarded as a public space for exhibition, other functions are placed. Public spaces such as studio locate toward the southern facade, communicating with the crowded street, and private space including classrooms and staff offices locate in the northern half.
Key: 1. Entrance; 2. Multi-function classroom; 3. Exhibition; 4.Classroom; 5. Studio; 6. Library; 7. Public space; 8. Core; 9. Model room
GROUND FLOOR AND FIRST FLOOR PLAN
09 GREEN LOOP DAGU URBAN DESIGN, TIANJIN Urban Design Studio, 2013 Spring Instructor: Michele Bonino, Lanchun Bian Collaborator: Yifan Wang, Jianzhu Wang My work: Conceptual and Architecture design, all drawings in this portfolio
It is always risky design something out of nowhere, it becomes more complicated when creating an urban area from zero, but in fact nowhere is empty, and those factors dispersed become the context of the project. The strategy is, by gathering and then re-organizing every element of the place, to build a flexible frame, on which the urban grids is superimposed, on the site. Various networks can be generated from the frame, while the potential of each place will be further excavated. The spatial arrangements make possible the coexistence of standardized urban structure and the particular architectural design.
By reducing a vast area into different small clusters with various emphasis, the project is conceived at the scale of both a super block and multiple single blocks, and the strength of the project resides in the duality to accommodate various lifestyles on different levels.
NO.02 - NORTH LAKE RECREATIONAL AREA
Together with the conservation of the existing community located on the north of this neighborhood, new facilities such as hotel, commercials, and concert hall introduced around the north lake, which is the north node of the green loop, construct the urban frame of this area. In the future, new communities are expected based on the grid, composing the primary residential neighbor of the whole site.
VIEW OF PUBLIC SPACES
The master plan of the north area: In a detail level, the green loop structures the whole site becomes the backbone of the site, while the grids play the role of the skeleton. Public spaces are developed around the lake, while the communities are growing around them, forming a spatial sequence from the city to nature. Meanwhile, residents in different groups of neighborhoods are connected by the green system, which provides a more flexible and relaxing way of communicating.
City fabric: Since the site condition is transformed and is playing the role of the theme of a music, the pattern and fabric of neighborhoods are like the note that generate the melody and rhythm. The communities are conceived as the background of life, with convenient and flexible structure, while leaving a certain freedom to some places that could be regarded as a stage in the theater waiting for events to fulfill it
CITY FABRIC AND MASTER PLAN OF NORTH LAKE AREA
10 THE LONELY CENTER COMMUNITY CENTER DESIGN FOR HENGLUXIANG, HUNAN ASC International Youth Competition in Architectural Design, Rural sustainability in China, 2015 Autumn Collaborator: Xiaoyang Liu My work: Conceptual and Architecture design, all drawings in this portfolio
The community center would redefine sustainability in the context of contemporary Chinese rural area. In the background of rapid urbanization, how to keep and re-shape a sustainable social relationship on the level of the village is much more important than to build an Eco-architecture.
By the introducing of the concept of ‘corridor‘ and ‘room‘, the communal center keeps it’s openness and flexibility. Three corridors following the topology of the site provide space for relaxing while those dispersed rooms accommodating specific functions including a library, stage, and teahouse will gather the villagers from nearby villages.
On one hand, the design should respond to the basic needs of ‘left behind elderly. Furthermore, the provision of space will play the role of linking the whole area together by concentrating daily activities. On the other hand, new functions are necessary since the village is going to stay inertness without providing new activities attracting newcomers when those younger generations left countryside and poured into the cities.
VIEW FROM THE VILLAGE
11 LA MER HOTEL DESIGN FOR RIZHAO, SHANDONG Shanhai international hotel design competition, 2016 Spring Collaborator: Zhe Peng, Zhuoxing Liu My work: Conceptual and Architecture design, all drawings in this portfolio 1st Prize on Best Neighborhood Design
Typically, hotel development in China is an individual activity without planning from the government. This traditional strategy will make an unhealthy competition between each other in a place where the tourism resources are limited. The project tries to propose a new approach by connecting and integrating each house in the village to solve the problem. By the establishment of a public spatial system, in which include the landscape, transportation, and public service system, the development of hostel can be concentrated in the apt houses instead of a dispersing and inefficient situation.
depended on the economic and spatial condition of a certain holder, is hardly providing a living environment with flexibility and high quality. New design will combine two adjacent neighbors into one main body. The sharing of entrance and public space will reduce the waste of space for both neighbors, while the enlarged area ensures more flexibility in the design of housing Type.
Moreover, the traditional strategy, which is excessively
FACADE DESIGN AND GROUND PLAN
12 SRM INFO TECH INTERIOR DESIGN FOR SRM TECHNOLOGY COMPANY, BEIJING Commission Project, 2016 Spring Collaborator: Xiaoyang Liu My work: Conceptual and Architecture design, all drawings in this portfolio
It is required to accommodate the reception space, two closed offices, a manager room, a meeting room and an open office in only 144 square meters. The project focuses on the organization of spaces and the transition between each of them while trying to interpret the interior space as an urban area in the aspect of its ability in accommodating multiple activities in the limited area.
the prelude and the theme part connects the reception space with the open office behind, with closed offices located in between. Meanwhile, a curving wall leading to classrooms links the working and teaching space. Two modular tables in the center of open office surrounded by purely white ground glass wall play the role of the piazza in the city providing space for relaxing.
Similar to the music structure, a sequence including the preclude, theme part and connections was built to organize various functions systematically. A green corridor playing the role of transitional paragraph between
ENTRANCE AND RECEPTION DESK
SECTIONS & PLAN
13 CORRIDOR AND COURTYARD COMPETITION OF BAITASI REINVENTING BEIJING COURTYARDS, BEIJING Baitasi 2016 International Design Competition, 2016 Summer Collaborator: Yutian Wang My work: Conceptual and Architecture design, all drawings in this portfolio
The site is an irregular courtyard narrow in its southnorth direction which has the potential in connecting west and east hutongs on both sides. This project aims at providing a working and living space for craftsman while holding exhibitions sometimes.
园),‘ and ‘park(苑)‘ is vague. In this design, by the introduction of small gardens with different themes, a courtyard, which used to be an introverted space, becomes a public garden or a park following a zigzag path while remaining rooms for private use.
In the context of Chinese architecture, the boundary between three basic typologies ‘courtyard(院),‘ ‘garden(
SMALL GARDENS ALONG THE PATH
SECTION AND MODEL
PLAN AND ‘THE SEVEN GARDENS‘
14 CATHEDRAL OF ALL SAINTS COMPETITION OF BAITASI REINVENTING BEIJING COURTYARDS, BEIJING Making Sacred space, 2017 Spring Instructor: Christine Smith Individual work "This church is the image on earth of your heavenly city" -- From the Mass preface of a dedication of a church "The Church is favored, the dwelling place of God on earth: a temple built of living stones, founded on the apostles with Jesus Christ its cornerstone." --Prayer of the dedication
The design starts from the metaphor that the Cathedral represents the image of the heavenly city on earth. In this design, the building is imagined as a place not only for worshipers to complete their sacramental communion with the God but also plays the role of communication with the laity in an eastern country. Therefore, the concept focus on the creation of a way to communicate with the surroundings, and the information the Cathedral provide will reveal the divinity both inside and outside the building. Moreover, the design tries to critic the simplicity of modern architecture, especially the way of adopting the modern language in the design of a modern cathedral. By focusing on the ability of communication, the project
finds a balance between the simplicity of modern architecture and the divinity of the church. Meanwhile, the stones is a visual metaphor that expresses the idea of the unity of the church. In the church, everyone is putting together and can not be separated. In the design, the structure is designed base on the basic triangular module, which represents both the stone and the Trinity. Moreover, the Cathedral aims at helping the people to understand the heavenly kingdom through the fully union with the god. It's a revelation in which the image of the kingdom can be perceived partly and spiritually.
The space of the cathedral is the spatialization of the painting â€œDisputation of the Holy Sacramentâ€? by Raphael. In the painting, the painter creates the scene involving both the heaven and the earth. The ground floor of the building depict the events happening on the bottom of the picture, both of which represent the scene of the Earth: Prayers coming to the church executing the consecration around the altar in the front. The other two floors would represent the Saints and the Angles around the Christ respectively. The middle of the painting corresponds to the center of the building, which is the chancel of the church. In this way, the space above the altar also corresponds to the place where the Christ sits.
THE GROUND FLOOR AND 2ND FLOOR PLAN
LIGHT ICON AND THE NATURE
*Le Havre: Transformation of the Reconstructed City, France Teng Xing
MAUD 17, GSD, Harvard