Page 1

Hawaiian 2012–2013

L U N A R

C A L E N D A R Mokupuni O Maui


Honokohau

Ka`anapali

Honolua Honokahua

Napili 2-3 Napili 4-5 Honokeana ‘Alaeloa Mailepai

Kahakuloa

Ulumalu

Kahana

Kui‘aha

Napili 1

Mahinahina 4

Hamakua Poko

Waihe‘e

Honokowai

Waiehu Mo‘omoku

Wailuku

East Makaïwa

Kahului

Moali‘i

EK

WK

Maka`eha

Ko‘olau Makawao

Aapueo

a

Olowalu

Kuhua

Waiakoa

Paunau

Waiohuli

Pana‘ewa

Keokea

Wakiu

Hana Kawaipapa

Kula

Ku‘ia Kaua‘ula

Launiupoko

ui

ui

lan

Po

hun

Pa

hue

H

H

Polaiki

Pue

K

Waine‘e Pa

Makila

H Pu Pa K

Halaka‘a Puehuehuiki Pahoa Ko‘oka

`Alaenui

Waiohonu

Maps in this series derive from the following sources: Atlas of Hawai‘i, University of Hawai‘i at Hilo, 1998 Waihona ‘Aina Corporation Hawaiian Government Survey Maps: 1869,1878, 1885, 1886, 1897, 1904 and Undated Hawai‘i Territory Survey Map, 1902 Office of Hawaiian Affairs, 2009 NASA Classified Landsat Thematic Mapper USGS Digital Elevation Models NOAA ETOPO1 Bathymetry 0

1

2

3

4

Paeahu

1

2

3

4

5

Miles

Palauea Keauhou Papaanui

leh

me

`Alaeiki

Nakula Nu`u

Naholoku

e3

`Ala

Kanaio Kalo‘i

Produced by the Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council pursuant to NOAA Award NA11NMF4410270

Auwahi

iki

ha

me

a‘o

ui

pio

uik

i

nu

i

ko

`Ala

a

-4

e1

Kahikinui

Kualapa Kalihi Papaka Kai

Wa ia

leh

me

me

un

Pu

ha

Ka

Kukui`ula Ka‘apahu Kīpahulu Kukui‘ulaiki

Kaupo

Honua‘ula

‘Om

Pu

Ka

Kiko‘o

Papaka Uka

5

Miles

© 2012, Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council

0

Mu‘olea Wailua Pu`uhaoa Pua`alu`u

Kanahena

© 2011, Western Pacific Regional Fishery Managment Council

Haneo`o Hamoa Mokae Kaki‘o

Papa`anui

Kama`ole

Mohopilo

ISBN 1-934061-95-6

Kawela Honokalani

Ka`ono`ulu

Maui Moku and Ahupua'a

Pu

West Honoma‘ele East Honoma‘ele

Waikapu

Grant 3584

Pu‘ou

`Ula`ino

Ha‘iku Uka

`Oma`opio

Pulehunui Ukumehame

Hahakea

EK

Pa`akea Kalialinui

Pu‘uiki

Hamakualoa

Wailuanui Wailuaiki

Waikapu

nake

Aki

Mokupapa Waipioiki Waipionui Honopou

Puehuehunui

Puehuehunui Pahoa Polanui Launiupoko

Kapu

Honopou

Honomanu Ke`anae

WK Hali‘imaile

Kauaula

Paunau

Halehaku

Peahi

W Hanawana E Hanawana Pu‘uomaile Papa‘a‘ea

Ko‘olau West Makaiwa

Wahikuli

Keali‘iiki

EK East Kaupakulua WK West Kaupakulua each is divided

Hamakuapoko

Wailuku

Kahua

Heaaula

Hamakua Loa

Pa‘uwela Ha‘iku

Hanaka‘o‘o

Lahaina

‘Opana

WK EK

Kahikinui

-2

Ka

Ko

`on

he

o`u

lu

o1

-2

Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council 1164 Bishop Street, Suite 1400 Honolulu, Hawaii 96813 phone: (808) 522-8220 Fax: (808) 522-8226 Email: info.wpcouncil@noaa.gov Web: www.wpcouncil.org


About This Calendar This Hawaiian lunar calendar features the 12 moku (districts) of the mokupuni o Maui (island of Maui). Each month features one moku, including the name and contact information of its Aha Moku (Moku Council) representative, who was selected by the residents of that district. The Aha Moku is the traditional system of natural resource management in the Hawai`i archipelago prior to Western contact. It is based on management at the moku level. The moku were delineated according to the natural contours of the land and ocean as well as the natural resource needs of the community members who resided within the area. On July 9, 2012, Gov. Neil Abercrombie signed into law Act 288, which formally recognized the Aha Moku system and created an Aha Moku Advisory Committee, placed in the Department of Land and Natural Resources. This act culminated the work of hundreds of traditional lawai‘a (fishermen) and mahi‘ai (farmers) who first gathered in August 2006 at the Ho‘o Hanohano I Nā Kūpuna Puwalu (Honor Our Ancestors Conference) and continued to meet in the ensuing years with educators, politicians, environmentalists and other interested parties in a series of puwalu sponsored by the Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council, Office of Hawaiian Affairs, Association of Hawaiian Civic Clubs, Hawaii Tourism Authority, Kamehameha Schools and the Hawaii Coastal Zone Management Program. At these puwalu, it was agreed that the Aha Moku structure is an effective, community-based way to manage natural resources in Hawai‘i. In 2007, Gov. Linda Lingle signed into law Act 212, which created an Aha Kiole Advisory Committee to investigate the best practices of traditional resource management. In its 2009 report the Hawaii State Legislature, the Committee favored the Aha Moku system, built on the five pillars of cultural and community consultation, adaptive management, education, generational knowledge and a code of conduct. This 2012-2013 Hawaiian lunar calendar was produced by the Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council in partnership with the Aha Moku O Maui. This non-profit organization based in Lahaina, Maui, includes an Aha Moku Advisory compromised of six working committees covering land, ocean, shoreline, water, burials and air.

The Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council is a federal instrumentality created by Congress in 1976 to manage federal fisheries in the US Pacific Islands. The Aha Moku system aligns with the Council’s ecosystembased approach to managing fisheries and efforts to enhance community engagement in the decision-making process. The Council coordinator for this project was Sylvia Spalding, under the leadership of Executive Director Kitty Simonds and in consultation with Council contractor Kalei Nu‘uhiwa, who provided the Maui lunar month calculations and many of the photographs and written excerpts on the moku. The information on the moku were taken from the Hawaiian language newspapers (www.ulukau.org) and from Indigenous Management and Conservation of Marine Resources in the Hawaiian Islands: An Ahupua`a-Based Compendium of Historical Resources, prepared for the Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council by Impact Assessment, Inc. The tide charts are for Kahului. They were produced by Barry Smith (University of Guam, retired) from data provided by the Center for Operational Oceanographic Products and Services (http://tidesandcurrents.noaa.gov). Oliver Kinney, a gifted Native Hawaiian artist, captured the kaona (hidden meaning) of Ho‘ohanohano I Nā Kūpuna in a conference poster that depicted knowledge handed down through generations of lawai‘a. The central figure is Ku‘ula, the premier fishing deity worshipped by Hawaiian fishermen. As he thrusts upward from the deep sea towards the mokupuni, Ku‘ula brings forth the wana (sea urchin), representing the truth through its alelo (tongues). The setting is in pō (night), as all traditional endeavors were based on a lunar calendar, sunset to sunset. High in the sky is the moon Kū Kahi (a time favorable for fishing). In the left hand corner is Makali‘i (constellation Pleiades), which was used to determine the beginning of the year. As Ku‘ula rises, he swims through the aku (skipjack tuna), which represents kau (the hot season). The ‘ōpelu (mackerel), represents ho‘oilo (the wet season). The ‘opihi (limpet) represents pa‘a (adhering to the truth). © 2006, Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council

Cover photos courtesy of Kalei Nu‘uhiwa (manini, convict tang) and Timmy Paulokaleioku Bailey (inset).


Kā‘anapali Ka Ua Lililehua o Kā‘anapali The mist laden lehua rain of Kā‘anapali Mai ka lae o Hāwea ma Kā‘anapali, a ka lae hikina o Lāna‘i, he papa‘u loa na ko‘a lawai‘a … From Hāwea Point in Kā‘anapali until the eastern point of Lāna‘i the fishing ko‘a [grounds] are shallow … [Source: D. Kahā‘ulelio, Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, 1902] Moku Representative: Richard McCarty at 281-1595 or jamesrmccarty@aol.com. Photos courtesy of Nathan Yuen, HawaiianForest.Com (lehua), Kalei Nu‘uhiwa (ocean spray) and Hawaiian Islands Land Trust, photo by R. Chappell (Hāwea Point)

Lehua Ocean spray coming out of Keka‘a sea cave Hāwea Point


Welehu

November-December 2012 Tue 13 6

N

Start of Hooilo (wet season)

November

Hilo

6

6

Hoaka

Kūkahi

Kūlua

Kūkolu

Kūpau

‘Olekūkahi

‘Olekūlua

‘Olekūkolu

‘Olepau

Wed 14

Thu 15

Fri 16

Sat 17

Sun 18

Mon 19

Tue 20

Wed 21

Thu 22

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

6

Mohalu

Hua

Akua

Hoku

Māhealani

Kulu

Lā‘aukūkahi

Fri 23

Sat 24

Sun 25

Mon 26

Tue 27

Wed 28

Thu 29

Fri 30

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

Lā‘aukūlua

Lā‘aupau

Sat 1

Sun 2

December

Huna

6

6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

‘Olekūkahi

‘Olekūlua

‘Olepau

Kāloakūkahi

‘Kāloakūlua

Kāloapau

Kāne

Lono

Mauli/Muku

Mon 3

Tue 4

Wed 5

Thu 6

Fri 7

Sat 8

Sun 9

Mon 10

Tue 11

6

N

6

6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

www.wpcouncil.org

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6


Wailuku ‘O I‘aiki ka makani malu a‘e o Wailuku. I‘aiki is the very calm wind of Wailuku. The moku (district) of Wailuku was also known as Nā Poko and Nā Wai ‘Ehā. Nā Poko and Nā Wai ‘Ehā both refer to four distinct areas noted for four noticeable large water and valley sources. The large water sources are Waihe‘e, Wai‘ehu, Wailuku and Waikapū. At one time lo‘i kalo (taro fields) stretched across the entire moku. Maui ali‘i nui (ruling chiefs) often chose to reside in the rich moku of Wailuku while other ali‘i from other islands sought to usurp these rich lands from the Maui chiefs. Moku Representatives: Foster Ampong at 281-3894 and Clyde Kahalehau at 760-8158 or kekahunakeaweiwi@yahoo.com Photos courtesy of Kalei Nu‘uhiwa

Lo‘i Kalo (Taro Patch) Huli (kalo crowns, which root when planted)

Waiehu Reef


Makali‘i

December

December 2012-January 2013

6

Hilo

Hoaka

Kūkahi

Kūlua

Kūkolu

Kūpau

‘Olekūkahi

‘Olekūlua

‘Olekūkolu

‘Olepau

Wed 12

Thu 13

Fri 14

Sat 15

Sun 16

Mon 17

Tue 18

Wed 19

Thu 20

Fri 21

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

6

Huna

Mohalu

Hua

Akua

Hoku

Māhealani

Kulu

Lā‘aukūkahi

Lā‘aukūlua

Lā‘aupau

Sat 22

Sun 23

Mon 24

Tue 25

Wed 26

Thu 27

Fri 28

Sat 29

Sun 30

Mon 31

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

‘Olekūlua

‘Olepau

Kāloakūkahi

‘Kāloakūlua

Kāloapau

Kāne

Lono

Mauli

Muku

Tue 1

Wed 2

Thu 3

Fri 4

Sat 5

Sun 6

Mon 7

Tue 8

Wed 9

Thu 10

January

‘Olekūkahi

6

N

6

6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

www.wpcouncil.org

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6


Hāmākua Poko ‘O Hāmākuapoko kahi kaulana e ‘ō he‘e ai. Aia nō nā lua hūnā ma ke one he‘e i leila. Hāmākuapoko is a famous octopus spearing district. Hidden holes are located in the sliding sands there. Of the 12 moku of Maui, Hāmākuapoko does not reach the top of the mauka (inland or mountain) summit. Perhaps that is the reasoning for the term poko which means short. Hāmākuapoko’s sandy beaches were known for their rich fishing grounds and famous surf spots. Dip nets called ‘upena ‘aki‘iki‘i were often seen hanging along house posts to dry. Moku Representative: Jamie Fernandez at 281-1285 or back2daaina@yahoo.com Photos courtesy of Kalei Nu‘uhiwa (he‘e and ulili) and Bishop Museum, photo by Ray J. Baker (fishermen)

He`e (octopus)

Ulili (sandpiper)

Maui fishermen photographed in 1908


Kā‘elo

January

January-February 2013

6

Hilo

Hoaka

Kūkahi

Kūlua

Kūkolu

Kūpau

‘Olekūkahi

‘Olekūlua

‘Olekūkolu

‘Olepau

Fri 11

Sat 12

Sun 13

Mon 14

Tue 15

Wed 16

Thu 17

Fri 18

Sat 19

Sun 20

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

6

Huna

Mohalu

Hua

Akua

Hoku

Māhealani

Kulu

Lā‘aukūkahi

Lā‘aukūlua

Lā‘aupau

Mon 21

Tue 22

Wed 23

Thu 24

Fri 25

Sat 26

Sun 27

Mon 28

Tue 29

Wed 30

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

Thu 31 6

N

‘Olekūlua

‘Olepau

Kāloakūkahi

‘Kāloakūlua

Kāloapau

Kāne

Lono

Mauli

Muku

Fri 1

Sat 2

Sun 3

Mon 4

Tue 5

Wed 6

Thu 7

Fri 8

Sat 9

February

‘Olekūkahi

6

6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

www.wpcouncil.org

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6


Hāmākua Loa He ua pāhilihili ko Kaupakulua i Hāmākualoa. ‘O ia ke kumu i kau lua ‘ia nā kaupaku o ka hale. Kaupakalua in Hāmākualoa has a blustering rain. It is the reason that the roof of the house is doubled. Land testimonies state that ‘Opana was an ahupua‘a famous for its sturdy ‘ie‘ie plants (Freycinetia arborea), which were highly sought after by net and basket weavers. Moku Representative: Jocelyn Costa at 264-4290 or back2daaina@live.com Photos courtesy of Nathan Yuen, HawaiianForest.Com (‘ie‘ie) and Kalei Nu‘uhiwa (koholā and ‘ohelo)

‘Ie‘ie

‘Ohelo Berries

Koholā (whale)


Kaulua

February

February-March 2013

6

Hilo

Hoaka

Kūkahi

Kūlua

Kūkolu

Kūpau

‘Olekūkahi

‘Olekūlua

‘Olekūkolu

‘Olepau

Sun 10

Mon 11

Tue 12

Wed 13

Thu 14

Fri 15

Sat 16

Sun 17

Mon 18

Tue 19

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

6

Mohalu

Hua

Akua

Hoku

Māhealani

Kulu

Lā‘aukūkahi

Lā‘aukūlua

Wed 20

Thu 21

Fri 22

Sat 23

Sun 24

Mon 25

Tue 26

Wed 27

Thu 28

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

Lā‘aupau

March

Huna

6

Fri 1 6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

‘Olekūkahi

‘Olekūlua

‘Olepau

Kāloakūkahi

‘Kāloakūlua

Kāloapau

Kāne

Lono

Mauli

Muku

Sat 2

Sun 3

Mon 4

Tue 5

Wed 6

Thu 7

Fri 8

Sat 9

Sun 10

Mon 11

6

N

6

6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

www.wpcouncil.org

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6


Ko`olau Puhi uhā (Conger cinereus, mustache conger eel) were the prized fish of the ali‘i (chiefs) in the moku of Ko‘olau. They were prepared by drying and then broiling, Only the ali`i and their guests were allowed to eat them. Kihanuiapi‘ilani was the son of Pi‘ilani. He is credited with constructing the road that circumnavigates the entire island of Maui. The road begins and ends on the cliffs of the Ko‘olau district. Moku Representative: Kyle Nakanelua at 283-6801 or kyle.nakanelua@gmail.com Photos courtesy of Kalei Nu‘uhiwa (ulua) and Timmy Paulokaleioku Bailey (opelu and pilo)

Opelu (Gloria montis)

Pilo (Coprosma montana) Ulua (giant trevally)


Nana

March

March-April 2013

6

Hilo

Hoaka

Kūkahi

Kūlua

Kūkolu

Kūpau

‘Olekūkahi

‘Olekūlua

‘Olekūkolu

‘Olepau

Mon 11

Tue 12

Wed 13

Thu 14

Fri 15

Sat 16

Sun 17

Mon 18

Tue 19

Wed 20

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

6

Huna

Mohalu

Hua

Akua

Hoku

Māhealani

Kulu

Lā‘aukūkahi

Lā‘aukūlua

Lā‘aupau

Thu 21

Fri 22

Sat 23

Sun 24

Mon 25

Tue 26

Wed 27

Thu 28

Fri 29

Sat 30

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

Sun 31 6

N

‘Olekūlua

‘Olepau

Kāloakūkahi

‘Kāloakūlua

Kāloapau

Kāne

Lono

Mauli

Muku

Mon 1

Tue 2

Wed 3

Thu 4

Fri 5

Sat 6

Sun 7

Mon 8

Tue 9

April

‘Olekūkahi

6

6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

www.wpcouncil.org

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6


The calm water in the foreground of Alau Island, Hana, is created by the outer rock wall of what is thought to be the very first Hawaiian fishpond. It is said to have been built by Ku‘ula, a god who came to reside in Hana in mortal form. He passed his knowledge and special fishing implements to his son ‘Ai‘ai, who went on to establish all the major fishponds and fishing stations throughout Hawai‘i. [paraphrased from Hawaiian Mythology by Martha Beckwith, Yale University Press, 1940]

Hāna “…[‘Ai‘ai] also placed a fish stone in the cliff of Kauiki whereon is the ko‘a known as Makakiloi‘a. And the people of Hāna give credit to this stone for the frequent appearance of the akule (bigeye scad), ‘ō‘io (bonefish), moi (Pacific threadfin) and other fishes in the waters.” [Sites of Maui by Elspeth Sterling 1998: 133] The first ko‘a i‘a (fishing ground, or station) where ‘Ai‘ai measured the depth of the sea is near Aleamai, his birth-place, and is called Kapukaulua, where he hooked and killed the eel Ko‘ona. It is a few miles from the shore to the southeast of the rocky islet called Alau. The second station that he established was a spot about a mile from Haneo‘o and Hamoa, which was for the kala (unicornfish), palani (surgeonfish), nanue (chub fish), puhi (eel) and ula (lobster). These varieties of fish are not caught by nets, or with the hook, but in baskets which are filled with bait and let down in the deep sea. The third station, which he named Ko‘a‘uli, was located out in the deep sea for the deepsea fishes, the depth ranging about 200 fathoms. [Source: Maly, K. and O. Maly. 2003. Ka hana lawai‘a a me na ko‘a o na kai ‘ewalu. A history of fishing practices and marine fisheries of the Hawaiian Islands. Prepared for The Nature Conservancy and Kamehameha Schools. Hilo: Kumu Pono Associates. Vol 1: 104] Moku Representative: Robert Malaiakini at 264-7757 or ssinenci@yahoo.com

Kala Palani

Photos courtesy of Bishop Museum, photo by Harold T. Stearns (hukilau), Kalei Nu‘uhiwa (kala and palani) and Richard Saasta (Alau Island)

Hukilau at Hamoa, Hana, in 1936


Welo

April

April-May 2013

6

Hilo

Hoaka

Kūkahi

Kūlua

Kūkolu

Kūpau

‘Olekūkahi

‘Olekūlua

‘Olekūkolu

‘Olepau

Wed 10

Thu 11

Fri 12

Sat 13

Sun 14

Mon 15

Tue 16

Wed 17

Thu 18

Fri 19

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

6

Huna

Mohalu

Hua

Akua

Hoku

Māhealani

Kulu

Lā‘aukūkahi

Lā‘aukūlua

Lā‘aupau

Sat 20

Sun 21

Mon 22

Tue 23

Wed 24

Thu 25

Fri 26

Sat 27

Sun 28

Mon 29

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

Tue 30 6

N

‘Olekūlua

‘Olepau

Kāloakūkahi

‘Kāloakūlua

Kāloapau

Kāne

Lono

Mauli

Muku

Wed 1

Thu 2

Fri 3

Sat 4

Sun 5

Mon 6

Tue 7

Wed 8

Thu 9

May

‘Olekūkahi

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

2 1 0 –1

www.wpcouncil.org

On the moons that start with “‘Ole,” fishing activities should not be conducted because they will be unsuccessful.

6


Kīpahulu Long before the first Europeans arrived on Maui, Kipahulu was prized by the Hawaiian ali‘i (royalty) for its fertile ‘aina (land) and kai (ocean). Thousands of people once lived a sustainable lifestyle in this area farming, fishing, and surviving with the resources of the ahupua‘a (traditional Native Hawaiian land division). The first written description of Kīpahulu was made by La Pérouse in 1786 while sailing along the southeast coast of Maui in search of a place to drop anchor: “We beheld water falling in cascades …. The inhabitants, which are so numerous that a space of 3–4 leagues [9 to 12 miles] may be taken for a single village.” “…a ‘o nā ‘opihi umi‘i lima o Kīpahulu ka lu‘ulu‘u i nā mea ‘ono like ‘ole o Hawai‘i nei.” “And the hand clamping `opihi of Kīpahulu is the supreme delicacy of all delicacies of Hawai‘i.” [Rev. Alice Kahokuoluna, Ka Nupepa Kuokoa, 1927] Moku Representative: John Lind at 248-8974, 248-4411 or kitchen@kipahulu.org. Photos courtesy of Wikipedia Commons (Seven Pools) and Terry Lind (kalo and O‘heo)

Kalo

O‘heo The Seven Pools of O‘heo


Ikiiki

May-June 2013 Thu 9 6

N

Start of Kau (hot season)

May

Hilo

6

6

Hoaka

Kūkahi

Kūlua

Kūkolu

Kūpau

‘Olekūkahi

‘Olekūlua

‘Olekūkolu

‘Olepau

Fri 10

Sat 11

Sun 12

Mon 13

Tue 14

Wed 15

Thu 16

Fri 17

Sat 18

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

6

Huna

Mohalu

Hua

Akua

Hoku

Māhealani

Kulu

Lā‘aukūkahi

Lā‘aukūlua

Lā‘aupau

Sun 19

Mon 20

Tue 21

Wed 22

Thu 23

Fri 24

Sat 25

Sun 26

Mon 27

Tue 28

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

‘Olekūlua

‘Olepau

Wed 29

Thu 30

Fri 31

6

N

6

6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

www.wpcouncil.org

6

N

Kāloakūkahi

‘Kāloakūlua

Kāloapau

Kāne

Lono

Mauli

Muku

Sat 1

Sun 2

Mon3

Tue 4

Wed 5

Thu 6

Fri 7

June

‘Olekūkahi

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6


Kaupō Gap

Kaupō The ensuing two passages are taken from a 17-part series of articles about Kaupō, Maui, written by Thomas Maunupau and published in the Hawaiian language newspaper Ka Nupepa Kuokoa from June 1, 1922, through March 15, 1923.

We went out to see the fishing temple located at the spot where we viewed the petroglyphs. … We asked our informants if perhaps they knew who frequented the fishing temple, and they said it was Kenui who knew, because he is a fisherman. … After a conversation on the petroglyphs, Kenui was questioned about the fishing temple, and this is his explanation: The purpose of this fishing temple is to increase the supply of fish of all types, whatever is desired. … The temple we are speaking of, the akule is its fish. Alapa‘i Kapaeko, an acquaintance to the royal chielf Keli‘iahonui, younger brother of Keleimoku, chief of Lahaina, made this road to Nu‘u. Fishing was the chief’s pastime while he resided here, so he constructed a road connecting the landing place in Nu‘u to his house. ‘O ka ‘alina kaulana ma Kaupō nei,‘ai loli. ‘O Kaupō ‘Ailoli. The infamous feature in Kaupō, Consuming Sea Cucumber. Kaupō ‘ai loli. Kaupō, land of the loli consumers. Kauakahiakua, a chief of Kaupō, Maui, is said to have been fond of loli and to have once built a large imu for roasting them. Since that time the people of Kaupō have had a reputation for being especially fond of sea cucumber. [‘Ōlelo No‘eau 1635, M.K. Pukui] Moku Representative: Jade Alohalani Smith at 870-2820 or jadesmith@quixnet.net Photos courtesy of Kalei Nu‘uhiwa (nuao and loli), Hawaiian Islands Land Trust (Nu‘u Landing) and Timmy Paulokaleioku Bailey (Kaupō Gap)

Nu‘u Landing

Nuao (porpoise)

Loli (sea cucumber)


Ka‘aona

June

June -July 2013

6

Hilo

Hoaka

Kūkahi

Kūlua

Kūkolu

Kūpau

‘Olekūkahi

‘Olekūlua

‘Olekūkolu

‘Olepau

Sat 8

Sun 9

Mon 10

Tue 11

Wed 12

Thu 13

Fri 14

Sat 15

Sun 16

Mon 17

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

6

Huna

Mohalu

Hua

Akua

Hoku

Māhealani

Kulu

Lā‘aukūkahi

Lā‘aukūlua

Lā‘aupau

Tue 18

Wed 19

Thu 20

Fri 21

Sat 22

Sun 23

Mon 24

Tue 25

Wed 26

Thu 27

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

‘Olekūlua

‘Olepau

Fri 28

Sat 29

Sun 30

6

N

6

6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

www.wpcouncil.org

6

N

Kāloakūkahi

‘Kāloakūlua

Kāloapau

Kāne

Lono

Mauli/Muku

Mon 1

Tue 2

Wed 3

Thu 4

Fri 5

Sat 6

July

‘Olekūkahi

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6


Kahikinui ‘Olelo Noeau (traditional proverb, wise saying): Pua ka wiliwili nanahu ka mano … When the wiliwili tree blooms, the sharks bite. It is said that the wiliwili blooms during the mating season (summer Hinaia‘ele‘ele season). Uliuli kai pali o Kahikinui, kokolo mai ka ‘ohu he ‘ino. The ocean cliffs of Kahikinui are dark; when the mist creeps it is the sign of a storm. [‘Ōlelo No‘eau 2866, M.K. Pukui] ‘O Puhimake ke kilo. Ke ‘ike mai ka puhi; ‘a‘ole lawai‘a. Ke ‘ike maila ka palaha; he mālia. Malahilahi ka holoholo. Puhimake is the sign. When you see the blowhole [blowing]; no fishing. But when you see it’s flat; it is calm. The fishing is easy. [Uncle David Ka‘alakea 1995] Moku Representative: Donna Sterling at 446-4171 or dhelekunihi@yahoo.com Photos courtesy of Kalei Nu‘uhiwa (pueo and wiliwili blossom) and Donna Sterling (wiliwili trees)

Wiliwili trees in Mahamenui Ahupua‘a Pueo (Hawaiian short-eared owl)

Wiliwili blossoms (Erythrina sandwicensis)


Hinaia‘ele‘ele

July-August 2013 July

Hilo

Hoaka

Sun 7 6

N

Kūkahi

Mon 8 6

6

N

Kūlua

Tue 9 6

6

N

Wed 10 6

6

N

Kūpau

Kūkolu

Thu 11 6

6

N

‘Olekūkahi

Fri 12 6

6

N

‘Olekūlua

Sat 13 6

6

N

‘Olekūkolu

Sun 14 6

6

N

‘Olepau

Mon 15 6

6

N

Tue 16 6

6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

6

Huna

Mohalu

Hua

Akua

Hoku

Māhealani

Kulu

Lā‘aukūkahi

Lā‘aukūlua

Lā‘aupau

Wed 17

Thu 18

Fri 19

Sat 20

Sun 21

Mon 22

Tue 23

Wed 24

Thu 25

Fri 26

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

‘Olekūlua

‘Olepau

Kāloakūkahi

‘Kāloakūlua

Sat 27

Sun 28

Mon 29

Tue 30

Wed 31

6

N

6

6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

www.wpcouncil.org

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

Kāloapau

Kāne

Lono

Mauli

Muku

Thu 1

Fri 2

Sat 3

Sun 4

Mon 5

August

‘Olekūkahi

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6


Honua‘ula Ka Lawai‘a ‘Opihi – … ‘a‘ole e loa‘a aku kēlā wahi ‘o Kanapou ‘o ia kēlā kahawai nui e huli pono la i Honua‘ula, ua like ka ‘opihi me ke bola o kau hale kū‘ai, ‘a‘ole ho‘i o ke bola nunui, ‘o ka mea ku‘u iki, a ua hiki no ka i‘o kao ke kula la a mo‘a i loko o ka ‘opihi.” ‘Opihi Fishing – For size, nothing compares to those of Kanapou, that large valley seen in Honua‘ula. The ‘opihi are as large as bowls found in shops, not large bowls, but the smaller ones. Goat meat could be boiled in the ‘opihi shells. [D. Kaha‘ulelio 1902] Moku Representative: Tanya Lee-Greig at 281-7158 or pokaiuli@yahoo.com Photos courtesy of Kalei Nu‘uhiwa

Honu (Hawaiian green sea turtle)

‘Opihi (limpets)


Hilinaehu

August-September 2013 August

Hilo

Hoaka

Tue 6 6

N

Kūkahi

Wed 7 6

6

N

Kūlua

Thu 8 6

6

N

Fri 9 6

6

N

Kūpau

Kūkolu

Sat 10 6

6

N

‘Olekūkahi

Sun 11 6

6

N

‘Olekūlua

Mon 12 6

6

N

‘Olekūkolu

Tue 13 6

6

N

‘Olepau

Wed 14 6

6

N

Thu 15 6

6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

6

Huna

Mohalu

Hua

Akua

Hoku

Māhealani

Kulu

Lā‘aukūkahi

Lā‘aukūlua

Lā‘aupau

Fri 16

Sat 17

Sun 18

Mon 19

Tue 20

Wed 21

Thu 22

Fri 23

Sat 24

Sun 25

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

‘Olekūlua

‘Olepau

Kāloakūkahi

‘Kāloakūlua

Kāloapau

Mon 26

Tue 27

Wed 28

Thu 29

Fri 30

Sat 31

6

N

6

6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

www.wpcouncil.org

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

September

‘Olekūkahi

6

6

Kāne

Lono

Mauli

Muku

Sun 1

Mon 2

Tue 3

Wed 4

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6


Kula Na keiki uneune māmane o Kula. The lads of Kula, who tug and pull the māmane up by the roots. An expression of admiration for the people of Kula who accomplish whatever they set out to do. [‘Ōlelo No‘eau 2238, M.K Pukui] Moku Representatives: Basil Oshiro at 281-5759 and Timmy Bailey at 357-2934 or paulokaleioku@hawaiiantel.net Photos courtesy of Kalei Nu‘uhiwa

Aukuu (black-crowned night heron)

Māmane (Sophora chrysophylla)


Hilinamā

September

September-October 2013

6

Hilo

Hoaka

Kūkahi

Kūlua

Kūkolu

Kūpau

‘Olekūkahi

‘Olekūlua

‘Olekūkolu

‘Olepau

Thu 5

Fri 6

Sat 7

Sun 8

Mon 9

Tue 10

Wed 11

Thu 12

Fri 13

Sat 14

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

6

Huna

Mohalu

Hua

Akua

Hoku

Māhealani

Kulu

Lā‘aukūkahi

Lā‘aukūlua

Lā‘aupau

Sun 15

Mon 16

Tue 17

Wed 18

Thu 19

Fri 20

Sat 21

Sun 22

Mon 23

Tue 24

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

‘Olekūlua

‘Olepau

Kāloakūkahi

‘Kāloakūlua

Kāloapau

Wed 25

Thu 26

Fri 27

Sat 28

Sun 29

Mon 30

6

N

6

6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

www.wpcouncil.org

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

October

‘Olekūkahi

6

6

Kāne

Lono

Mauli

Muku

Tue 1

Wed 2

Thu 3

Fri 4

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6


Lāhaina The tiny island of Moku‘ula is now buried beneath an abandoned baseball field in Malu`ulu o Lele Park, Lāhaina, Maui. It was the private residence of King Kamehameha III from 1837 to 1845 and the burial site of several Hawaiian royals. The 1-acre island is considered sacred to many Hawaiians as a piko (symbolic center of energy and power). ‘O nā ko‘a lawai‘a ‘opelu: Kahea, Punapuna, Kanewahine, Keawaiki, Māla, Keawaawa, Keka‘a. The ‘opelu fishing ko‘a [of Lāhaina]: Kahea, Punapuna, Kanewahine, Keawaiki, Māla, Keawaawa, Keka‘a. Moku Representative: U‘ilani Kapu at 250-1479 or uilani.kapu@gmail.com Photo by Anabelle Paet Illustration courtesy of Friends of Moku‘ula

This rendering depicts the restored Moku‘ula and surrounding area as envisioned by Friends of Moku‘ula Waiola Church and Mauna Kawahine in the background


Ikuā

October

October-November 2013

6

Hilo

Hoaka

Kūkahi

Kūlua

Kūkolu

Kūpau

‘Olekūkahi

‘Olekūlua

‘Olekūkolu

‘Olepau

Fri 4

Sat 5

Sun 6

Mon 7

Tue 8

Wed 9

Thu 10

Fri 11

Sat 12

Sun 13

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

6

Huna

Mohalu

Hua

Akua

Hoku

Māhealani

Kulu

Lā‘aukūkahi

Lā‘aukūlua

Lā‘aupau

Mon 14

Tue 15

Wed 16

Thu 17

Fri 18

Sat 19

Sun 20

Mon 21

Tue 22

Wed 23

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

2 1 0

‘Olekūkahi

‘Olekūlua

‘Olepau

Kāloakūkahi

‘Kāloakūlua

Kāloapau

Kāne

Lono

Thu 24

Fri 25

Sat 26

Sun 27

Mon 28

Tue 29

Wed 30

Thu 31

6

N

6

6

N

6

2 1 0 –1

www.wpcouncil.org

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

6

6

N

November

–1

6

6

Mauli

Muku

Fri 1

Sat 2

N

6

6

N

6


He Wahi Mahalo!

Governor Neil Abercrombie, the Hawaii State Legislature and the many lawai‘a, mahi‘ai, educators, environmentalists and others who worked toward the formal recognition of the Aha Moku system by the State of Hawai‘i and the establishment of the Aha Moku Advisory Committee to advise the Department of Land and Natural Resources. Aha Moku O Maui 562a Front Street Lahaina, HI 96761 (808) 250-1479 keeaumokukapu@yahoo.com www.ahamoku.org/index.php/maui-na-hono-ao-piilani

The Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council has worked with communities in Hawaii, American Samoa, Guam and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands since 2006 to produce traditional lunar calendars to promote ecosystembased fisheries management and support indigenous fishing and management practices. In Hawaii, the Council is a strong supporter of the traditional Aha Moku system of natural resource management. More information on the Council and the Aha Moku system can be found at www.wpcouncil.org and www.ahamoku.org. If your moku is interested in working with the Council on a calendar, please contact us at info.wpcouncil@noaa.gov.

www.wpcouncil.org

ISBN 1-934061-95-6


2012-2013 Hawaiian Lunar Calendar (Maui)  

This Hawaiian lunar calendar features the 12 moku (districts) of the mokupuni o Maui (island of Maui). Each month features one moku, includi...

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