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Issue 16 2016

World Mining

bhp billiton: diversity with integrity

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the editor

Happy New Mine




t this time of year, when we rush around looking for a special gift for our loved ones, some people’s thoughts turn to gold and diamonds. Our thoughts are on gold and diamonds all year round, of course, along with silver, copper, iron, coal, aluminium, zinc—but that’s just our job. Demand for diamond jewellery, incidentally, is expected to grow in the region of six per cent per annum through 2020, with China and India together accounting for around 50 per cent of global consumption. We have a news story about it. If it’s gold you want, there’s a wide choice of reading in this issue, but I’d like to share with you here an announcement that caught my eye recently, about an application by Archer Exploration Limited for a mining lease for the Campoona Shaft graphite deposit, on the Eyre Peninsula in South Australia. Graphite has been mined for centuries for use in pencils, increased in popularity in the latter half of the 20th century as a substitute for asbestos in brake linings, but is now enjoying a boom through the popularity of lithium-ion batteries. A new mine is always a source of excitement, but what struck me about the Archer announcement was a quote attributed to executive chairman Greg English, concerning the approval

Martin Ashcroft

process behind the licence application. “Over the past three years,” he said, “Archer has actively engaged in a community consultation process and completed a series of comprehensive reports and studies that support the application.” Three years! That’s what struck me. Why three years? And then I looked at the appendices attached to the report. It is customary for appendices to be defined by a suffix letter. In this case, they covered almost the entire alphabet. The mine lease proposal is 250 pages long on its own, and then there are 21 appendices from A to U, covering noise, flora and fauna, traffic and transport, air quality, groundwater assessment, social impact assessment, geochemical assessment, risk assessment, contamination advice, mine closure plan, Uncle Tom Cobleigh and all. Even the appendices had appendices. All of those exhausting studies and reports left me with two distinct impressions. One, people who plan to open new mines must really want to do it, and two, it must be a gold mine for the lawyers. I’d like to wish all our readers a very merry Christmas and a happy New Year. Be sure to take some time out to read this bumper issue of World Mining. World Mining Magazine


Contents Cover story: bhp billiton: diversity with integrity Page 32 Page: 3 • The Editor: Happy New Mine 7 • Wealth signs option on lithium project in Chile 9 • Anaconda Mining acquires land in Newfoundland • Potashcorp shareholders approve merger with Agrium 11 • Aluminum demand grows for 7th consecutive year • Diamonds in short supply by 2020 13 • Quest rare minerals to use hybrid airships to carry concentrate 17 • X-Terra to acquire up to 60% of Veronneau gold property • Wallbridge completes purchase of Fenelon Gold Mine 19 • Peabody Energy wins responsible mining award • RCT wins Innovative Mining Solution of the Year 2016 21 • Obstacle course for Utah separator delivery 23 • Canadian Gold Miner acquires property in Kirkland Lake District • Treasury Metals completes acquisition of Goldeye Explorations 25 • Premier Gold signs acquisition deals with Goldcorp and Kinross USA

  World Mining Magazine



2 Rockwell Automation 8 Doran Manufacturing LLC 10 Hawk Measurement 12 Canary Systems 14 Kentz Engineers & Constructors 15 McElroy University 16 GEA 18 Polar Mobility Research 20 Greenfield Handlers 22 Industrial Vacuum Systems 24 IGS GeoRadar 26 Miami International Machinery & Equipment 28 Drone Aerial Photography & Videography 30 One Key Resources 31 Damei Kingmech Pump 36 Enaex 38 CGIS 40 Cenerg 42 Digabit Mining/ Documoto 43 Soporte y compañia 46 Global Pumps 50 Sempertrans 51 Rolf Schimmer Consulting 51 Minpro 52 Hedweld Group 60 Scania 61 Total 64 Bullseye Distributors 65 Elphinstone 96 Rockmore International 96 Phoenix Conveyor Belt Systems 97 Liebherr 100 Rockwell Automation 101 Seeing Machines 104 Expander Systems 105 Dok-Ing 106 Puritech 110 World Mining Directory 113 University of Maryland 114 United Mining Rentals 116 Dyno Nobel

contents 27 29 32 54 56 68 74 76 80 88 90 102

• Resin firing system leads way in strata control • Return on safety • BHP Billiton: Diversity with integrity • Total: Six ways to decrease the oil cost on a mine site • Barrick Gold: The 21st century miner • Bullseye Distributors Ltd: Mining meal solutions delivered at Oyu Tolgoi • Total: Rubia Works 1000 • Elphinstone Pty Ltd: Underground movement • Newcrest Mining: The miner of choice • AxleWEIGHr: New patent pending scale weighs truck at the job site • Gold Fields: The sustainable miner • Expander Systems: An expansive list of standard pins in its extensive catalog

gold fields: the sustainable miner page 90

World Mining Magazine Contact Information, Advertising Rates & Information News & Features Editor: Martin Ashcroft Editor Vanessa Ward Sales General email contact Design and Artwork Managing Director Simon Ward

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Double Page £4250.00 Full Page £2995.00 Half Page £1695.00 Quarter Page £995.00 Full Page (inside cover) £5000.00 Lead Article + Front Cover £14,500.00 All advertisement rates include design free of charge. The magazine is printed in A4 format on 250gsm gloss laminated cover and 170gsm matt internal pages. The magazine is both a printed hard copy magazine and distributed electronically. Currently our global readership is approximately 93,000.

World Mining Magazine 2016 World Mining Magazine is published by Worldwide Business Media Limited, London, EC1V 2NX United Kingdom. Registered No. 6809417 England/ Wales. VAT No. 972 7492 76. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or any part without written permission is strictly prohibited. Liability: while every care has been taken in the preperation of this magazine, the publishers cannot be held responsible for the accuracy of the information herein, or any consequence arising from it. All paper used in this production comes from well managed sources.

Worldwide Business Media Limited, London. EC1V 2NX United Kingdom. Tel: +44(0)203 5751249

World Mining Magazine


Have a news story or press release you would like to be considered for publication in the next Word Mining Magazine? Please contact Martin Ashcroft at



WEALTH SIGNS OPTION ON LITHIUM PROJECT IN CHILE W ealth Minerals has announced that its wholly-owned Chilean subsidiary, Wealth Chile, has entered into a formal option agreement with Atacama Lithium SpA, for the exclusive right and option to acquire a 100% royalty-free interest in 144 exploration concessions referred to as the Proyecto Atacama Lithium project and located in the Atacama Salar in Region II of Antofagasta, northern Chile. In order to exercise the option, the company must make staged cash payments of $14 million and issue 15 million common shares to the project vendor by March 2019. The project is located in the northern portion of the Atacama Salar, contiguous with Corporación de Fomento de la Producción (CORFO)’s lithium producing leases and exploration properties held by BHP Billiton and Sociedad Quimica y Minera (SQM). The company’s Chilean staff have completed site visits and are finalizing plans for Phase I exploration, which will begin with surface water sampling and transient electromagnetic geophysical surveys before an initial drill program of up to 2,000 meters. Publicly available drilling and geophysical survey information leads to the interpretation that the salar fill underlying the concessions is of a significant thickness in excess of 700 meters. It is a common misconception that lithium brines are simply pumped from surface ‘lake’ brines, while in fact, lithium brines are pumped

from aquifers which can exist at any depth below surface depending on the geological history of the salar. Sediment and fresh-water recharge in the Atacama basin comes from north to south. As a result, surface water and shallow aquifers are relatively fresh (brackish) in composition. In all lithium brine exploration, the location of the freshwater / brine interface is critical. In the Atacama basin, the interface is deeper in the north and shallow in the south due to the north to south freshwater recharge and the nature of the basin sediment fill. The company’s primary lithium brine target is interpreted to be between 400 meters and 600 meters from surface. Before drilling, the company intends to complete geophysical surveys to measure the resistivity and conductivity of the basin fill. Lithium-bearing brines have a very high conductivity due to the existence of salts and geophysical surveys allow mapping of these high conductivity layers at depth which helps to define drill targets. The initial focus of the company’s work will be in the southeast part of the project. Wealth Minerals has also announced that, in conjunction with the completion of its due diligence on a proposed acquisition of Li3 Energy, Inc, it has elected not to proceed with the proposed transaction. However, the company continues to monitor projects and developments in the Maricunga Salar and other salars for potential acquisition opportunities. World Mining Magazine




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ANACONDA MINING ACQUIRES LAND IN NEWFOUNDLAND A naconda Mining has made significant property acquisitions on the Great Northern Peninsula 20 kilometres north of its Viking Project in Newfoundland, including an option agreement with Metals Creek Resources (MEK) to acquire a 100% undivided interest in 1,325 hectares (the Jackson’s Arm Property). It has also staked 5,050 hectares of contiguous mineral lands totalling 6,375 hectares (collectively, the Great Northern Project). Anaconda has also entered into an option agreement (the Tilt Cove Agreement) with MEK to acquire a 100% undivided interest in 350 hectares (the Tilt Cove Property) 60 kilometres east of the company’s Point Rousse Project within the Baie Verte Mining District. Both projects are located along regional splays of the Long Range Fault system – a

fertile gold bearing structure. A similar fault system, the Red Indian Line (and associated structures), was the focus of a recent staking rush for gold and, like the Long Range Fault, it is host to significant gold deposits. Both projects are located near Anaconda’s existing operating infrastructure at the Point Rousse Project, accessible by road and water,

and have significant potential for discovery and resource growth. “Anaconda continues to be a strategic acquirer of highly prospective gold bearing property on the Baie Verte and Northern Peninsulas, which are hosts to regional splays of the Long Range Fault system,” said President and CEO, Dustin Angelo. “Beginning with the Viking

Project and now with the Great Northern Project and Tilt Cove, we have tripled the size of our land position to almost 20,000 hectares in a very tight, geographic area within striking distance of the Pine Cove Mill. “Just like the fault structures where Marathon Gold has its Valentine Lake gold project, the Long Range Fault shares similar geologic characteristics that suggests there is great potential to find gold mineralization as evidenced by the existing deposits and gold occurrences on the Baie Verte and Northern Peninsulas. With growing experience of the regional geology through our current Point Rousse and Viking Projects and an active mining operation in the region, Anaconda is well positioned to expand resources and build a much larger, district productionplay.”



hareholders of Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan have voted overwhelmingly to approve the company’s proposed merger of equals with Agrium Inc. Over 99 per cent of the shares voted at the meeting were voted in favour of the merger, with approximately 494 million, or 59 per cent, of PotashCorp’s outstanding shares voted at the meeting. “Today’s vote demonstrates the strong support from shareholders for this merger and the opportunity

to create a world-class integrated global supplier of crop inputs,” said Jochen Tilk, president and chief executive officer of PotashCorp. “Together with Agrium, we will be even better positioned to grow and thrive in a highly-competitive global market with multiple paths for growth. We expect to generate significant value for shareholders and new opportunities for employees, while also better serving customers with low-cost, high-value products and services. We look

forward to working with Agrium to realize the full value of our combination.” Agrium separately announced that its security holders also overwhelmingly voted to approve the merger at a special meeting of Agrium security holders. The transaction is expected to close mid-2017, subject to the satisfaction of customary closing conditions, including receipt of regulatory approvals and final approval by the Canadian court.

World Mining Magazine


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news statistics



he Aluminum Association has released the latest edition of the Aluminum Statistical Review for 2015, featuring statistics for the North American market through 2015, including information on every cycle of the aluminum production process from primary aluminum to markets for finished goods to the recovery of aluminum scrap. This year’s Review shows continued growth in demand for the metal and positive trend lines in many key market sectors. Among key findings for the North American industry, the report found that in 2015: • Demand for aluminum increased 0.8 per cent to 25.5 billion pounds. • Primary production decreased 2.2 per cent from 2014 to 9.8 billion pounds. • Imports of aluminum and aluminum products increased 9.8 per cent over 2014, to their highest level since 2005. • Total US imports (ingot, semi-fabricated products, and scrap) increased 4.0 per cent to 12.2 billion pounds. Growth in US imports was largely a result of an increase in aluminum originating from China, with shipments up 30.7 per cent over 2014 levels. A net exporter of aluminum,

Canada exported a total of 7.6 billion pounds of the metal, a decrease of one-tenth of one per cent from 2014. Overall in 2015, the industry shipped more than 25.7 billion pounds of aluminum for the first time since before the recession, with total demand up more than 37.4 per cent since 2009. Demand in the building and construction sector has grown nearly 21.2 per cent, while the transportation market has grown an unprecedented 113.4 per cent during that same time period. With that growth in mind, the North American aluminum industry has committed to more than $2.6 billion in domestic capital investment, as producers look to build on this positive growth and continue to position aluminum as the material of choice in the coming years. The Aluminum Statistical Review is intended to support members of the domestic industry, global industry, financial analysts, government agencies, students and the general public. It is divided into five major sections: supply, shipments, markets, foreign trade, and world statistics. For the first time, the full report is available free for producer members of the Aluminum Association. The report is also available for purchase in the Aluminum Association bookstore at, at $150 for associate members and $300 for non-members.



lobal rough diamond production is set to rise from 127 million carats in 2015 to 134.5 mct by 2020, representing a compound annual growth rate of 2.1%, according to research and consulting firm GlobalData. The company’s latest report states that growth will be supported by expansions at operating mines including Lukoil Oil Company’s Vladimir Grib project in Russia, the Diavik and Ekati Diamond mines in Canada, and Rio Tinto’s Argyle mine in Australia. However, global output is expected to decline after 2019 as a result of reserve depletions in the Argyle, Diavik and Ekati mines, which account for 18% of global production as of 2016. Cliff Smee, GlobalData’s head of research and

analysis for mining, explains: “Global demand for diamond jewellery is expected to record a CAGR of 6.4%, with China and India together expected to consume around 50% of the global consumption, while global supply of polished diamond is expected to grow at an average of 4% per year over the next four years to 163 mct in 2019, resulting in a demand-supply gap of around 5-6% post-2019. However, this supply deficit could be worsened by the fact that 47% of global diamond production comes from countries of high political risk such as the Democratic Republic of Congo and Russia. Supply could fall below projected levels if political disruption affects these projects.” World Mining Magazine





traightline Aviation has signed an agreement with Quest Rare Minerals Ltd to provide dedicated air services for the transport of ore concentrate, supplies and personnel using Lockheed Martin’s hybrid airships. The airships will provide shuttle transportation between Quest’s Strange Lake complex mine site in Northern Québec and Schefferville, a town with a direct rail link to the Port of Sept-Iles. SLA will operate a fleet of seven of the world’s first heavy-lift cargo hybrid airships, the LMH-1. The airships will transport personnel, critical supplies for mine operations, and carry more than 200,000 tonnes of rare earth ore concentrate annually for delivery to Quest’s Bécancour refining facilities. Rare earth metals are critical to hundreds of high tech applications, many of which define our way of life and are key to the emergence of green technologies. Developed and built by Lockheed Martin, the LMH-1 is well

which is being used to complete the type certification. First commercial deliveries are scheduled in 2019. The airships present a cost-effective and environmentallyfriendly solution to Quest’s transport challenges. The LMH-1 is not only designed to use less fuel, emit less carbon dioxide and produce less noise than conventional aircraft, it also eliminates the need for costly ground-level infrastructure, avoiding impact on the area’s wildlife habitat compared to road transport and trucking along a road corridor to the Labrador Sea coast. The service agreement represents a value of approximately US$850 million, including fuel costs, over a 10-year period that starts in 2019, with further extensions of up to 20 additional years in line with the current projected life of the mine. Quest Rare Minerals Ltd is a Canadian-based company

“The airship can land on virtually any surface including snow, ice, gravel and even water” suited to Quest’s remote northern Québec mine site location. The airship has the ability to land on virtually any surface including snow, ice, gravel and even water, with no runways required or other expensive infrastructure. The heliumfilled, heavier-than-air airships can carry 20 metric tons of cargo and up to 19 passengers. Both the US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and Transport Canada have agreed on the newly developed hybrid airship certification criteria,

focused on becoming an integrated producer of rare earth metal oxides and a significant participant in the rare earth elements material supply chain. Quest’s objective is to establish major hydrometallurgical and refining facilities in Bécancour, Québec, to separate and produce strategically critical rare earth metal oxides. These industrial facilities will process mineral concentrates extracted from Quest’s Strange Lake mining properties in northern Québec. World Mining Magazine



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-Terra Resources has signed a letter of intent with a group of four private prospectors to acquire an interest of up to 60% in the newly discovered Veronneau gold property in the Eeyou Istchee/Baie-James Territory, 135 kilometres north of the town of Matagami in the Province of Québec. The Veronneau property comprises 234 mining claims covering an area of approximately 12,261 hectares (122 km2). A new gold showing was discovered on the Veronneau Property in 2015 by geologists of the Ministère de l’Énergie et des Ressources naturelles (Québec), while completing regional mapping of the area. An initial sample was taken and additional channel sampling work was completed by the

current owners of the Veronneau Property in the summer of 2016, returning encouraging results of 2.39 g/t Au over a width of 4.65 metres. As very limited gold exploration has been conducted in this area, X-Terra Resources was encouraged by these results and visited the Veronneau Property during its due diligence process for data verification and to investigate its further potential. Additional grab and channel sampling was completed and returned additional positive results. The letter of intent contemplates a due diligence period ending on 5 December 2016 and a definitive agreement, subject to regulatory approval, by 31 December 2016.



allbridge Mining Company has completed the purchase of Fenelon Gold Mine Property after making the final payment of $2,500,000 to Balmoral Resources, and has immediately initiated a prefeasibility study. Wallbridge has paid a total of $3,500,000 in cash plus 2,381,575 common shares of Wallbridge, with Balmoral retaining a 1% NSR royalty on all future production. The Fenelon Gold Mine

Property is a 10.5 square kilometre subdivision of Balmoral’s larger Fenelon Property, which forms part of the 700+ square kilometre Detour Trend Project in west-central Quebec. The Fenelon Gold Mine Property is located approximately 7 kilometres west of Balmoral’s Grasset Ni-Cu-Co-PGE deposit. Marz Kord, President and CEO of Wallbridge, said the company’s initial focus would be on completing the prefeasibility study and permitting of the project.

“Upon confirming positive economics, we expect to be in a position to make a production decision in the second quarter of 2017, proceed with building the site infrastructure and dewatering of the existing ramp and soon after with production from the top 100 meters of the deposit. Additionally, we are planning an exploration campaign focused on expanding resources around the existing infrastructure, while also following up on a number

of gold intersections that show potential for further expansion of the resource at depth and along strike.” Wallbridge has engaged InnovExplo and SNCLavalin to complete the prefeasibility study of Fenelon. Focusing on the development and mining of the top 100 meters of the deposit, the study is expected to be completed by the end of 2016. Wallbridge expects the production permits to be received in the first quarter of 2017.

World Mining Magazine


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news awards



eabody Energy has been named the most responsible global mining company for 2016, recognizing the company’s excellence in environmental, social and governance standards and performance. The honours were given by a panel of international judges as part of the annual awards program by Londonbased Capital Finance International. The program identifies individuals and companies that demonstrate excellence in the various areas of sustainability. Judges credited Peabody as being a “pioneer in the move toward sustainable business practice” and noted that the company “essentially

wrote the book on environmental stewardship for the coal industry.” “Our mission and values are foundational tenets in how we operate, and they guide all of our performance,” said Peabody Energy president and chief executive officer Glenn Kellow. “We act in a sustainable manner because it is both good business and the right thing to do, but we are also pleased that such an approach doesn’t go unnoticed. Peabody commits to operating safe workplaces, restoring coal mined lands for future generations, engaging constructively with stakeholders to address major energy challenges, and supporting greater deployment of advanced coal

and near-zero emissions technologies.” Peabody encourages attention to key standards in the areas of sustainable mining, energy access and clean coal solutions – what the company refers to as ‘Coal Done Right.’ The company has a robust safety and health management system and continues to work toward its vision of zero safety incidents of any kind. Peabody Energy is the world’s largest private-sector coal company and a Fortune 500 company. The company serves metallurgical and thermal coal customers in 25 countries on six continents and has earned 130 awards for safety, corporate and environmental excellence in the past five years.



CT was recognized as Innovative Mining Solution of the Year at the 2016 Prospect Mining Awards held in Sydney recently, for its ControlMaster Independent Guidance solution. The national awards have been running for more than a decade and are one of the most prestigious awards programs for the mining industry in Australia.

“We were absolutely thrilled to have received this award!” said RCT’s executive director and CEO Brett White. “We truly believe in the solution and its ability to transform the underground mining industry,” he said. “This award is a fantastic acknowledgement of our team’s hard work and dedication to the industry. RCT’s ControlMaster Independent Guidance

solution allows underground vehicles to travel autonomously in narrow and difficult to navigate drives, delivering significant gains in production and eliminating machine damage.

“The system is different to others available on the market today as it can be installed on all makes and models of underground loaders and trucks, making it ideal for sites that operate a mixed fleet,” said White.

World Mining Magazine





ountain Heavy Transport recently transported an oversized separation tank for Compass Minerals in Ogden, Utah using a Goldhofer THP/SL 6 heavy-duty modular trailer. Compass Minerals, headquartered

used to place the tank carefully on a 6-axle heavy-duty Goldhofer modular trailer towed by an Osh Kosh M1070 tractor. Although the separator weighed “only” 26 tons, weight distribution was problematical, with a high centre of gravity near the closure. The cargo was

had to be performed with limited vision for the driver, MHT deployed a threeman team for the journey. The driver was accompanied by a spotter in the cab and an operator at the rear end of the trailer so that every movement and manoeuvre could be observed from

“A crane was used to lift the separator over a pipeline and set it back down on the trailer on the other side” in Overland Park, Kansas, is North America’s largest producer of sulphate of potash and magnesium chloride, and the tanks the company uses to store its chemical products are of a correspondingly impressive size. The MHT logistics company was awarded the contract to transport a separator tank, 9 meters high and 8 meters in diameter, from the AFC plant to their facility 4.5 km away. The route was something of an obstacle course. In addition to challenging hairpin bends and gravel roads, the rig and its cargo had to cross a railway, pass under a high-voltage power line and negotiate an overhead pipeline. The operation was made additionally critical by the need to minimize the forces acting on the separator so as to avoid damage to the internal epoxy coating. A Grove GMK 7550 crane was

accordingly secured with eight chains, two at the bottom and two on either side of the cover. As a number of manoeuvres en route

several perspectives. The first part of the journey was on public roads. They were closed to traffic as the width of the cargo necessitated driving on two lanes. Passage under the high-voltage power line was executed with the help of additional personnel. Experts from the local utility company used poles to temporarily raise the power cables for extra clearance for the rig and its cargo. At the plant, as the last obstacle on the journey, an overhead pipeline 6 meters above the ground also had to be negotiated. A crane was used to lift the separator over the pipeline and set it back down on the heavy-duty modular trailer on the other side. The experienced navigation team also handled this obstacle without a hitch, and the tank was delivered safely to its future location. World Mining Magazine


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news gold



anadian Gold Miner, a private company 65% owned by Transition Metals Corp, has optioned a 61 square kilometre property within the heart of Kirkland Lake Mining Camp from Skead Holdings Ltd. The property covers approximately 23 kilometres of strike along the LincolnNipissing break, a deep seated fault structure located 10 kilometres south and parallel to the CadillacLarder Break. “We see this acquisition as a unique opportunity to secure a camp scale property position in the heart of one

of the world’s most prolific gold producing regions,” said Greg Collins, president and CEO. “The LincolnNipissing project covers an under-explored region of the belt that is comparable in size to the entire Timmins or Kirkland Lake mining camps. The property hosts numerous high grade gold occurrences, some of which have been historically investigated underground and exhibit many characteristics associated with other wellknown gold deposits in the prolific Abitibi Greenstone Belt.” Under its agreement with

“We see this acquisition as a unique opportunity to secure a camp scale property position in the heart of one of the world’s most prolific gold producing regions,”

Skead, Canadian Gold Miner can earn a 51% interest by incurring work expenditures totalling $2.75 million, issuing 600,000 common shares and providing $200,000 in cash payments over three years with an ability to earn up to a 100% interest by taking a project to commercial production (subject to a $1.0 million commercial production payment). Once commercial production has been established, the property would be subject to a 2.5% NSR, of which 0.5% could be repurchased by the company for $1.5 million.



anadian gold exploration and development company Treasury Metals Inc has completed the acquisition of Goldeye Explorations Limited after the previously announced plan of arrangement was approved by the shareholders of Goldeye at a special meeting on 15 November. A final order approving the plan of arrangement was obtained from the Ontario Superior Court of Justice on 18 November, and a

certificate and articles of arrangement were issued by the Ministry of Government Services. The TSX Venture Exchange has de-listed the shares of Goldeye, which is now a wholly owned subsidiary of Treasury. The acquisition provides

Treasury with a second highquality asset, the Weebigee Project, in Northwestern Ontario. The Weebigee property is 200 km west of Goldcorp’s Musselwhite mine and 225 km north of Red Lake, one of the world’s most prolific gold camps.

Treasury Metals’ other asset is its 100 per cent owned Goliath Gold Project near Dryden in Northwestern Ontario. The project has access to first rate infrastructure and is advancing through the Canadian permitting process for mining production at its open-pit gold mine and 2,500 tpd processing facility. Subsequent underground operations are to be developed in the latter years of mine life.

World Mining Magazine






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news gold


remier Gold Mines has entered into two separate and definitive agreements with Goldcorp and Kinross Gold Corporation to acquire highly prospective exploration projects in Nevada and Mexico. The projects have had recent exploration work that identified high-grade mineralization where both could represent significant new discoveries for Premier.

Goldbanks Project, Nevada (Kinross Deal)

The option agreement with Kinross Gold USA, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Kinross Gold Corporation, grants Premier the right to earn a 50% interest in the Goldbanks Project, located in Pershing County, Nevada, 50 kilometres south of Winnemucca. Goldbanks comprises 875 claims totalling approximately 16,000 acres with several significant targets on the property. The Golden Devil discovery is the primary target where drilling has already commenced to test a high grade epithermal vein discovery beneath the known low grade near-surface deposits. The discovery resulted from a new geological interpretation by Kinross in 2013 that resulted in the drilling of three deep holes that intersected gold mineralization including a high grade intercept. The geologic model at Goldbanks is interpreted to be similar to the Midas and Sleeper Mines in Nevada that both produced gold early in their production history in excess of one ounce per ton. Drilling will focus on stepping out along the high grade Golden Devil trend as well as testing the projected location of a highly prospective basinbounding fault zone. To earn a 50% interest in the project, Premier is required to spend US$20 million in exploration on the property over five years, including a firm commitment of US$3.5 million during the first 18 months. Premier will be the operator of exploration programs on the property. Kinross may elect to become the operator following Premier having earned a 50% interest.

Alto-Cristina Project, Mexico (Goldcorp deal)

The Alto-Cristina Project is located in the southwest part of Chihuahua State, Mexico. Premier has secured an option pursuant to an agreement with Minas de la Alta Pimeria, SA de CV, a subsidiary

date, and on completion of a resource estimate on the property. A final payment of $2.5 million is required at commercial production. Goldcorp will retain a 2.0% net smelter returns royalty (NSR), half of which can be purchased by Premier for $1.5 million for a period

“We consider these targets to be some of the most attractive that the company has identified over the past several years” of Goldcorp, to acquire up to a 100% interest by making payments of $1.5 million on the date of execution of the agreement, on the 12 month anniversary

of three years from the acquisition date. Between 2013 and 2015, 60 holes were drilled at Alto-Cristina that resulted in the two high grade poly-metallic vein discoveries of Alto and Guadalupe. The epithermal to mesothermal vein mineralization contains gold, silver and base metals similar in nature to the Tayoltita/San Dimas district (located to the south) where 3.5 million gold equivalent ounces have been produced. The drilling was completed on widespaced intervals, typically 100-200 metres, and Premier hopes that tighter drilling may define multiple high-grade shoots or lenses. “We consider these targets to be some of the most attractive that the company has identified over the past several years,” stated Ewan Downie, President & CEO of Premier. World Mining Magazine


news innovation



esin bolts have become an increasingly popular strata control technique, using a chemical adhesive to anchor steel studs into mine walls or ceilings. The Trajectaflex Resin Firing System was developed by Wilco Technologies in South Australia and is a highly-effective resin capsule installation tool. The system centres around a steel nozzle that increases the efficiency and safety of resin set bolting cycles. The innovation has been used at a number of mines across Australia and at the Grasberg mine in Indonesia, the largest gold mine and the third largest copper mine in the world. Wilco is based in Kimba on Eyre Peninsula, about 480km northwest of South Australia’s capital Adelaide. It has recently sent two of its resin-firing systems to the Oyu Tolgoi mine in Mongolia, one of the largest copper mines in the

An Australian designed strata control technique, using resin bolts to stop mines from caving in, will now be used to safeguard new projects in Mongolia makes it easier to load the resin capsules.” The Trajectaflex resin-firing nozzle is a singlepass system that consists of a tension spring with an adapter at each end. It also includes a nylon inner tube and an exchangeable tip. The 800mm nozzle is set at the end of a rail on a dual boom jumbo, mounted onto an independent slide. This enables operators to drill the hole with one boom while the other boom inserts the resin and the bolt. Each boom can be extended and shortened to make the installation easier. “The spring is the key. If the jumbo operator is trying to insert the resin capsules into a 35mm pre-drilled hole that is four to eight metres away from them, they can flex the spring, which will self-index the nozzle tip into the bolt hole,” Clare said. “Then with air pressure the operator can shoot the resin capsules into the hole they drilled and then insert the bolt.”

“Wilco has recently sent two of its resin-firing systems to the Oyu Tolgoi mine in Mongolia” world, with the majority of the value buried more than a kilometre underground. Wilco CFO Clare Williams said the patented nozzle gave operators the ability to index the bolt hole effectively to install the resin capsules. “Obviously in underground mines strata control is critical so jumbo operators install the resin bolts and each bolt can hold up to 25 tons of rock,” she said. “The Trajectaflex is a one-man system with less operator movement on and off the jumbo platform which reduces fatigue and the chance of injury. It eliminates the need for an offsider and

The hole can be probed for without damage to the nozzle and there is no need to physically check for correct bolt hole alignment. This process saves operators up to 40 minutes during bolting cycles compared with the amount of time it takes to insert plastic tubes. Wilco has also been contacted by a number of mines in South America and is aiming to have the Trajectaflex system in use there from next year. Wilco is a family-run company established in 2005 by husband and wife team Michael and Clare Williams. World Mining Magazine


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news safety


Industry-first reference book presents global best practices for conveyor safety

global leader in the advancement of conveyor safety has published the world’s first aggregation of global best practices dedicated to reducing conveyor risk and injuries. Foundations for Conveyor Safety from Martin Engineering provides an unprecedented collection of information, assembled specifically to help conveyor system operators achieve safe production. To assess the true value of safety, the book includes ground breaking methodology for calculating the payback from safety investments, sometimes referred to as ROS, or ‘return on safety’. “This work is based on the premise that the extraction and processing of bulk materials can be done safely and profitably by applying global best practices for conveyor safety and design,” said Martin Engineering chairman Ed Peterson. “The first step to true productivity is safety. If a conveyor, a plant or an industry is not safe, it cannot maximize productivity.” “This book is really a global roundup of best practices to keep safe those who must work on or around belt conveyors,” observed lead author Todd Swinderman. “Part of that is recognizing the hazards, hardware systems and work practices that will improve safety. But it also includes methodologies on how to design conveyors to be safer, and

Content on hazards, hardware solutions, safe work practices, risk assessment and safer conveyor construction leads to summary discussion of the return on safety investment and how to measure the payback. In the section on work practices, the authors cover working safely around conveyors. They highlight fugitive material and its relationship to cleaner, safer and more productive conveying, as well as the importance of safety training and standard operating procedures to reduce risk, such as blocking the belt against motion. “We summarize international standards and regulations from around the world and offer suggestions for best practices,” added coauthor and primary editor Andy Marti. The section on building safer conveyors highlights ways

“The first step to true productivity is safety” how to justify the expenses for those improved systems.” Swinderman has been an officer and chair of numerous Conveyor Equipment Manufacturers Association (CEMA) standards writing committees, and has served as chair, editor and driving force behind the Sixth Edition of the CEMA Belt Book: Belt Conveyors for Bulk Materials. The new volume is a collaboration of experts with vast experience in bulk material handling, designed to educate readers by identifying hazards, danger zones and unsafe work practices around conveyors, helping raise awareness among management, operators and maintenance personnel.

that safety can be “designed-in” when engineering new systems and retrofitting existing conveyors, including observations on how conveyors could/should be made safer. The following section on payback provides readers with information on the accounting methodology for assessed risk, including analysis of the true costs, the return on conveyor safety (ROCS) investment and projected savings. Foundations for Conveyor Safety will be available to Martin Engineering customers and by request – in print and digital formats. It can be downloaded at: World Mining Magazine


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bhp billiton diversity with integrity BHP Billiton, a world leader in diversified resources, is among the world’s largest producers of major commodities including aluminium, coal, copper, iron ore, manganese, nickel, silver and uranium, as well as having substantial and growing interests in oil and gas.

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World Mining Magazine


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bhp billiton


diversity with integrity HP Billiton’s strategy is to own and operate large, long-life, low-cost, expandable, upstream assets diversified by commodity, geography and market. This strategy has remained unchanged for over a decade and has enabled BHP to deliver superior margins throughout economic and commodity cycles for many years. A diversified, low cost, tier one asset base enhances the resilience of BHP Billiton’s cash flow by reducing its exposure to any one commodity or currency and provides for more predictable and robust financial performance. It allows the company to invest in and grow its business throughout economic cycles.

BHP Billiton’s strategy is founded on diversification – by commodity, geography and market. To succeed, it needs a workforce that reflects its values and the communities in which it operates. It aims to recruit from host communities, to attract high calibre people who are committed to the success of the organisation and thrive on working in high performing teams. It is committed to developing the skills and capability of its people and this, underpinned by its resource base, is what differentiates BHP Billiton from its competitors. BHP Billiton is also focused on developing and growing its diversified portfolio of assets to continue to meet the changing needs of its global customer base. Its products are the raw materials fuelling not just today’s growth, but growth that will occur a century from now.

BUSINESS AREAS Minerals Australia

The Minerals Australia asset group includes operated assets in Western Australia, Queensland, New South Wales and South Australia. BHP’s assets focus on copper, iron ore, coal and nickel. Olympic Dam is one of the world’s largest ore bodies. Located 560 kilometres north of Adelaide, it is one of the world’s largest deposits of copper, gold and uranium and it also has World Mining Magazine


a significant deposit of silver. Olympic Dam operates a fully integrated processing facility from ore to metal. BHP Billiton’s copper business has an excellent portfolio of mining operations with substantial growth opportunities and a number of expansion opportunities on both greenfield and brownfield sites. This allows the company to expand production significantly through various projects. With a portfolio of large, low-cost mining operations, the aim is to become the pre-eminent supplier in copper through capacity expansions, reliable supply and innovative solutions. The operations also produce uranium oxide concentrate, lead concentrates and zinc concentrates, and provide base metal concentrates to custom smelters and copper cathodes to rod and brass mills and casting plants. BHP Billiton is also focused on exploration. Its greenfield activities allow exploration of some of the most geologically prospective terrains across a wide array of countries and operating environments. Exploration activities include opportunity identification, application for and acquisition of mineral title, early reconnaissance operations to multi-milliondollar delineation drilling programs.

Western Australia Iron Ore

A jewel in BHP’s crown, Western Australia Iron Ore (WAIO) is an integrated system of four processing hubs and five mines, connected by more than 1,000 kilometres of rail infrastructure and two separate port facilities in the Pilbara region of northern Western Australia. At each mining hub – Newman, Yandi, Mining Area C and Jimblebar – ore from mines is crushed, beneficiated where necessary, and blended to create high-grade hematite lump and fines products. BHP Billiton is one of the world’s leading iron ore producers, selling lump and fine product from Australia. Iron ore is a

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bhp billiton diversity with integrity major component in many modern office towers, including iconic structures around the world. It is also used extensively in motor vehicles, washing machines, refrigerators, ovens and other white goods. In pursuing ongoing growth plans, BHP Billiton Iron Ore is committed to working with its local communities to support sustainable development in the region and ensure their needs are incorporated into the company’s expansion plans.

Queensland Coal

Queensland Coal comprises the BHP Billiton Mitsubishi Alliance (BMA) and BHP Billiton Mitsui Coal (BMC) assets in the Bowen Basin in Central Queensland, Australia. BMA is Australia’s largest coal producer and supplier of seaborne metallurgical coal. BMA is owned 50:50 by BHP Billiton and Mitsubishi Development. It operates seven Bowen Basin mines (Goonyella Riverside, Broadmeadow, Daunia, Peak Downs, Saraji, Blackwater and Caval Ridge) and owns and operates the Hay Point Coal Terminal near Mackay. BMC owns and operates two open-cut metallurgical coal mines in the Bowen Basin – South Walker Creek Mine and Poitrel Mine. BMC is majority-owned by BHP Billiton, with 20 per cent held by Mitsui and Co.

New South Wales Energy Coal

“Western Australia Iron Ore is an integrated system of four processing hubs and five mines, connected by more than 1,000 kilometres of rail infrastructure and two separate port facilities in the Pilbara region of northern Western Australia”

New South Wales Energy Coal consists of the Mt Arthur Coal open-cut energy coal mine in the Hunter Valley region of New South Wales, Australia. The site produces coal for domestic and international customers in the energy sector. BHP Billiton’s coal business produces thermal coal primarily for use in the electric power generation industry and high quality hard coking coal for use in the international and domestic steel industry. With operations strategically located in areas with seaborne access, the business delivers logistical advantages to its customers. BHP Billiton has access to dedicated deep-water ports allowing the use of large capacity vessels to further build on regional logistic advantages. In addition to its Australian operations, there are thermal coal operations located in South Africa, the United States and South America. Metallurgical coal has a total of eleven operations and a further two greenfield mines under construction in Australia. These assets produce high quality hard coking coal, which is an essential raw material in the production of steel. This high quality hard coking coal is produced from low cost asset bases in Queensland (predominantly open cut mines owned in an alliance with Mitsubishi Development Pty Ltd and Mitsui) and New South Wales (100 per cent underground operations). With long life reserves, a strong portfolio of undeveloped resources and key infrastructure, the coal business has the flexibility to continually expand BHP Billiton’s production capacity in line with customer needs.

Nickel West, Australia

Nickel West is a fully integrated mine-to-market nickel business. All nickel operations (mines, concentrators, a smelter and refinery) are located in Western Australia. BHP Billiton is one of the world’s largest nickel miners, the fifth largest refined nickel producer and a global supplier of nickel to the stainless steel industry. Austenitic stainless World Mining Magazine


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steel, or nickel-containing stainless steel, promotes a more stable and ductile structure that contributes to corrosion resistance. This product is instrumental to many industries including architecture, transport, aerospace, medical and heavy industries as well as chemical processing and energy applications. Nickel is also an essential element in many non-stainless steel applications like specialty alloys, foundry, chemicals and refractory material industries.

MINERALS AMERICAS The Minerals Americas asset group includes projects, operated and non-operated assets in Canada, Chile, Peru, United States, Colombia and Brazil. Its assets and projects focus on copper, zinc, iron ore, coal and potash.

Escondida (Chile)

BHP Billiton owns 57.5 per cent of, and operates the Escondida mine, a leading producer of copper. Escondida, located in the Atacama Desert in northern Chile, is a copper porphyry deposit that also produces gold and silver. Its two open-cut pits currently feed two concentrator plants which use grinding and flotation technologies to produce copper concentrate, as well as two leaching operations (oxide and sulphide). Escondida celebrated 25 years of operation during 2016, having processed

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bhp billiton diversity with integrity

more than two billion tonnes of ore through leaching (solvent extraction and electrowinning) and flotation.

Pampa Norte (Chile)

Pampa Norte consists of two wholly owned operations in the Atacama Desert in northern Chile: Compañía Minera Cerro Colorado Limitada and Minera Spence S.A. Both sites produce high quality cathodes by processing copper oxides and sulphides through leaching, solvent extraction, and electrowinning.

Antamina (Peru)

BHP Billiton owns 33.75 per cent of Antamina, a large, lowcost copper and zinc mine in north central Peru. Antamina byproducts include molybdenum and lead/bismuth concentrate and small amounts of silver.

Samarco (Brazil)

“BHP Billiton is one of the world’s largest nickel miners, the fifth largest refined nickel producer and a global supplier of nickel to the stainless steel industry”

BHP Billiton Brasil and Vale each has a 50 per cent shareholding in Samarco Mineracao SA, which operates the Samarco iron ore operation in Brazil. Samarco comprises a mine and three concentrators located in the state of Minas Gerais, and four pellet plants and a port located in Anchieta in the state of Espirito Santo. Three 400-kilometre pipelines connect the mine site to the pelletising facilities. As a result of the tragic dam failure in November 2015, operations at Samarco are currently suspended. In November this year BHP Billiton approved further financial support for Samarco. The amount of US$181 million has been approved to fund the remediation and compensation programs identified under the Framework Agreement which the Renova Foundation governs and oversees. This amount will be offset against the Group’s provision of US$1.2 billion, recognised as at 30 June 2016. In addition, a short-term facility of up to US$115 million will be made available to Samarco to carry out remediation and stabilisation work and to support Samarco’s operations. Funds will be released to Samarco only as required and subject to the achievement of key milestones. The short-term facility allows BHP Billiton Brasil to preserve the value of its investment as options for restart continue to be assessed. A restart of Samarco operations is important for Samarco, BHP Billiton Brasil, Vale, the local communities and for the Brazilian economy. Restart will occur only if it is safe and World Mining Magazine


Since 1977, Global Pumps has delivered complete packaged pumping solutions from township sized turn-key water pumping and filtration plants through to slurry and chemical pumping skids. Our experienced engineering teams work closely with clients worldwide to deliver comprehensive solutions that maximise efficiency, safety and compliance, and reduce life-time operational costs. Global projects: • Thales Mulwala project, $1.2m — Magnetic drive pumps for pumping nitro-cellulose (explosives) • Newcrest Telfer Mine, $1.5m — Thickener underflow pumps in place of traditional slurry pumps • Oxiana (OZ Minerals) Prominent Hill, $3.8m — Bore pumps complete with headworks and telemetry, camp infrastructure, process water pumps, solution and reagent pumps. • Energi Lithium Project in Argentina, $520k – Slurry transfer pumps, chemical dosing pumps, solution pumps, flocculant dosing and sludge transfer. • Bozshakol and Aktogay projects, $1.3m — Reagent pumps, mill discharge, concentrate filtrate, mill feed, thickener underflow, concentrate thickener flocculant and dosing applications. • Nui Phao project in Vietnam, $700k – Solution pumps and reagent pumps

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economic to do so and the necessary approvals have been obtained from Brazilian authorities. BHP Billiton Brasil continues to work through options for restart with Vale and Samarco.

COAL ASSETS New Mexico Coal (United States)

New Mexico Coal consists of the Navajo mine, which is located on Navajo Nation land in the US state of New Mexico. Full ownership of the Navajo Coal Company was transferred to the Navajo Transitional Energy Company (NTEC), an entity of the Navajo Nation, at the end of 2013. New Mexico Coal and NTEC entered into a mine management agreement whereby New Mexico Coal will continue as mine operator. The sale of the Navajo mine was completed in July 2016; however, BHP Billiton has continued to manage and operate the mine and will do so until the mine management agreement ends on 31 December 2016.

Cerrejón (Colombia)

BHP Billiton has a one-third interest in Cerrejón, which owns, operates and markets one of the world’s largest open-cut export energy coal mines, located in the La Guajira province of Colombia. Cerrejón also owns and operates integrated rail and port facilities, through which the majority of production is exported to customers

  World Mining Magazine


bhp billiton diversity with integrity in Europe, Asia, and North and South America. In June this year BHP Billiton outlined the plan for its coal business to improve returns by unlocking productivity, reducing costs and releasing latent capacity. President Operations Minerals Australia, Mike Henry, told investors at a coal briefing that the company saw significant opportunity to further increase the competitiveness of its coal operations – both in terms of costs and volumes. “Rather than waiting for higher prices, we have been deliberate in shaping a quality, focused portfolio that allows us to deliver value in challenging market conditions and positions us well for an expected longer-term improvement in coal market fundamentals,” said Henry. BHP Billiton’s coal business has delivered over US$3 billion of productivity gains since 2012 and is targeting another US$600 million by the end of the 2017 financial year. “While cost compression has been evident across the industry, we continue to work hard under our new operating model to improve our performance,” said Henry. “Even in today’s difficult environment, all of our operations remain cash positive.” BHP Billiton can also grow its coal business by releasing low-cost, latent capacity as well as by exercising high quality growth options if market conditions call for it. The Group’s strong position in coal will be further supported by improving market dynamics. “The developing world needs steel, steel needs coking coal, and we have the strongest resource position in the seaborne market,” said Henry. “Against the backdrop of greater uncertainty in the outlook for thermal coal, we are confident that base demand in emerging economies will remain resilient for decades to come and our higher quality coals position us well in an increasingly carbon constrained world.”

Jansen Potash Project (Canada)

“We see attractive potential in Trion and the Perdido trend, and we are pleased to have the opportunity to further appraise and potentially develop this prospective frontier area of the deepwater Gulf of Mexico”

BHP Billiton’s potash activities are aimed at potash project development. Its interest in potash is via development projects largely within the Canadian province of Saskatchewan and BHP Billiton has exploration rights to over 14,500 square kilometres of highly prospective ground in the Saskatchewan potash basin. The Jansen Project, located 140 kilometres east of Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, is its most advanced project and is in feasibility study stage.


BHP Billiton Petroleum has exploration, development, production and marketing activities in more than a dozen countries around the globe, with a significant position in the deep water Gulf of Mexico, onshore US and Australia. Petroleum also operates assets in the United States, Australia, United Kingdom, Trinidad and Tobago and Pakistan. Its oil and gas strategy is to focus on material opportunities, at high working interest with a bias for operatorship. It also holds interests in exploration blocks, exploring for significant upstream opportunities in proven basins and promising prospects around the world using the latest seismic and geophysical technology to locate new resources. Earlier this month BHP Billiton announced that it submitted World Mining Magazine



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bhp billiton diversity with integrity the winning bid to acquire a 60 per cent participating interest in and operatorship of blocks AE-0092 and AE0093 containing the Trion discovery, located in the deepwater Gulf of Mexico. PEMEX Exploration & Production Mexico will retain a 40 per cent interest in the blocks. Pemex estimates the gross recoverable resource to be 485 MMboe. Subject to satisfaction of conditions (including the obtaining of government approvals), it is anticipated that the relevant agreements would be finalised and signed within 90 days. “We see attractive potential in Trion and the Perdido trend, and we are pleased to have the opportunity to further appraise and potentially develop this prospective frontier area of the deep-water Gulf of Mexico,” said Steve Pastor, BHP Billiton President Operations Petroleum. “This opportunity aligns with our strategy of owning and operating Tier-1 assets and provides an opportunity for BHP Billiton to leverage its industry leading deep-water drilling, development and operational expertise to create value in Mexico.”


BHP Billiton’s’ aluminium business has a portfolio of assets in three stages of the primary aluminium value chain: mining bauxite, refining bauxite into alumina and smelting alumina into aluminium metal. It is one of the world’s largest integrated producers with operations in South America, Southern Africa and Australia.

HISTORY Billiton’s roots trace back to 1851 and a tin mine on a little known island in Indonesia, Billiton (Belitung) island. Billiton became a global leader in the metals and mining sector and a major producer of aluminium and alumina, chrome and manganese ores and alloys, steaming coal, nickel and titanium minerals. Billiton also developed a substantial and growing copper portfolio. Separately, Broken Hill Proprietary’s rich history began in a silver, lead and zinc mine in Broken Hill, Australia. Incorporated in 1885, BHP engaged in the discovery, development, production and marketing of iron ore, copper, oil and gas, diamonds, silver, lead, zinc and a range of other natural resources. BHP was also a market leader in valueadded flat steel products. BHP and Billiton merged in June 2001, becoming one of the world’s largest diversified resources businesses that is today among the world’s largest producers of major commodities, including aluminium, coal, copper, iron ore, manganese, nickel, silver and uranium, and with substantial interests in oil and gas. In 2010, BHP Billiton celebrated its 150th anniversary and three significant milestones: Billiton’s establishment on 28 October 1860, BHP’s incorporation on 13 August 1885 and BHP Billiton’s listing on the Australian and London Stock Exchanges on 29 June 2001. Today, an unrivalled portfolio of high quality growth opportunities will ensure BHP Billiton continues to meet the changing needs of its customers and the resources demand of emerging economies at every stage of their growth. The diversification of the BHP Billiton portfolio continues to be its World Mining defining attribute. Magazine

World Mining Magazine


total six ways to decrease the oil cost on a mine site


otal’s mining specialists are always looking for ways to help customers reduce their controllable costs. Here are six practical tips for mining companies to make savings on mine sites. It is simple and it’s worked for many of our mining clients, we hope it helps you as well! 1. Rationalize your oil

A core fundamental of oil management is to rationalize the number of lubricants and lubricant packaging. The Total mining team has observed that this can result in savings up to 17% of your total oil cost! This is done through savings in physical inventories, costs associated with handling, spoilage, theft, storage space and stock obsolescence. Quite often we find two or three oils covering similar

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applications, with slightly different specifications or pack sizes. One way in which Total can help is to go through your oil range at site and select the most appropriate product to cover as many applications as possible. For example, Total has developed the TP Star Max lubricant which is suitable for engine, hydraulic and transmission systems, thus reducing the need to store three different oils on site, while still meeting the required OEM specifications.

2. Standardize your oil packaging

Another way is to standardize your oil packaging wherever possible: Do you really need the same product in pails, drums, intermediate bulk containers (IBCs) and bulk? Too many options can result in increased costs and duplication of effort. A thorough look at where and how each pack size is being used and dispensed will allow you to reduce the number of disposable packs. Not only will you simplify your ordering processes, but you will also free up valuable storage space and reduce your cost of working capital.


Contamination control is often overlooked when considering why premature failure occurred or why oil life has been diminished. The two primary contaminants in oil are dirt (environmental dust) and moisture. When oil is contaminated, it accelerates wear which can result in early breakdown, thus leading to significant increases in operating costs. Thus, maintaining clean oil is a key investment initiative for mining companies. Total suggests using contamination control techniques such as desiccant breathers on bulk and intermediate containers as well as filtration on bulk fluid dispensing. The use of filtration on fluid dispensing on IBC and drums can also be applied. The benefits of sound contamination control in lubricants will extend the life of lubricated equipment and reduce overall maintenance costs.

4. Get your used oil analysed

The aim of oil analysis is to get a “snap shot” of the condition of both the lubricant and the equipment at a point in time. Over a period of time, used oil analysis allows predictive maintenance which helps you to know when to plan your maintenance operations at the optimal moment. It also allows you to optimize your oil change frequency, to avoid costly emergency repairs, and to increase lifespan of your machines. For example, TOTAL ANAC Laboratories perform over 200,000 diagnostics each year for mining companies and other automotive and industrial customers. All that is required is to collect the oil sample at regular intervals (without having to stop the machine!) and send it to Total’s oil analysis laboratory using the ANAC analysis kit. ANAC automatically sends a full comprehensive report via email with the analysis of the sample. This report can also be viewed over the internet. Contact Total to find if there is an ANAC lab in your region.

5. Get a FIFO approach with the storage of your oils

When a 205 litre container or a 1000 litre container (IBC) has reached the end of its product shelf life, its use can have detrimental effects on your equipment. The product should be discarded, which adds to cost. This is called “obsolescence cost” and it occurs when proper storage practices are not in place. Total suggests a First-In-First-Out (FIFO) approach to storage of oils on mining sites. Improving overall warehouse management of stored products as well as a FIFO approach to product storage will help reduce these obsolescence costs. Total’s site facility audit can help identify areas of improvement.

6. Get the lube supplier to audit the mine

Total employs oil specialists to assist its clients in identifying areas of improvement that contribute to cost saving initiatives. For example, replacing just one lubricant with another can contribute to the reduction of many different types of costs. These may include: Purchasing cost, Maintenance cost Energy cost Fuel cost Waste oil cost

Contact the Total Mining Solutions team today to find out more. World Mining Magazine


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barrick gold the 21st century miner The largest producer of gold in the world, Barrick Gold has long set the standard for sustainability. Further growth in the 21st century is planned through partnerships of real depth and trust with host governments, local communities, NGOs, indigenous people, and its supply chain.

World Mining Magazine




hirty years ago Barrick Gold was already one of North America’s top gold producers. Then in 1986, the purchase of the Goldstrike Mine in Nevada set the company on a trajectory to international expansion, with the acquisition of mines in South America, Africa and the Australia Pacific seeing it become the largest gold producer in the world. Today, Barrick pursues a vision to be the world’s best gold mining company by operating in a safe, profitable and responsible manner. Barrick operates five cornerstone mines — Cortez and Goldstrike in Nevada, Pueblo Viejo in the Dominican Republic, Lagunas Norte in Peru and Veladero in Argentina. Recognized for its strong corporate responsibility culture, Barrick Gold been listed on the Dow Jones Sustainability World Index for seven consecutive years, ranked most recently as the top performer in the mining industry category.

GLOBAL OPERATIONS Barrick Gold’s breadth of operations spans the globe. Its key sites include Pueblo Viejo in Dominican Republic, Kalgoorlie in Western Australia, The Cortez District in Nevada, Jabal Sayid in Saudi Arabia, Pascua-Lama on the Chile/Argentina border, Goldstrike in Nevada and Kabanga in Tanzania.

Gold: Americas

Pueblo Viejo is located in the Dominican Republic, approximately 100 kilometres northwest of the capital city of Santo Domingo, and is operated by the Pueblo Viejo Dominicana Corporation (PVDC), a joint venture between Barrick (60%) and Goldcorp (40%). The mine achieved first gold production in 2012 and completed its ramp up in 2014. It is now the only mine in the world with annual production of more than one million ounces of gold. Barrick’s share of gold production in 2015 was 572,000 ounces and is forecast to be 670,000-700,000 ounces in 2016. Barrick’s technical experts have identified multiple opportunities to further optimize operations and increase cash flow at Pueblo Viejo. These include: increasing plant throughput by optimizing ore blending and autoclave ability; and reducing costs by optimizing maintenance programs. Long-term, Pueblo Viejo has significant reserves and resources with potential to expand the life of the mine. As of December 31, 2015, Barrick’s share of proven and probable gold reserves at Pueblo Viejo was 8.96 million ounces. The Cortez mine is located 100 kilometres southwest of Elko, Nevada, on one of the world’s most highly-prospective mineral trends. The Pipeline and Cortez Hills deposits are mined by conventional open-pit methods, and the Cortez Hills underground is an underhand cut and fill operation. With a 382-square-mile land package, Cortez remains a highly prospective district for Barrick. Goldstrike is located on the Carlin Trend, the most prolific gold mining district in the western hemisphere, about 60 kilometres northwest of Elko, Nevada. The operation includes the Betze-Post open pit mine — a truck and shovel operation — and the Meikle and Rodeo underground mines. Goldstrike

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barrick gold the 21st century miner

“Barrick Gold been listed on the Dow Jones Sustainability World Index for seven consecutive years, ranked most recently as the top performer in the mining industry category”

produced 1.05 million ounces of gold in 2015. The Turquoise Ridge property is located in the Potosi Mining District, about 70 kilometres northeast of Winnemucca, Nevada. Barrick is the operator and 75% owner of the mine with Newmont owning the remaining 25 per cent. Turquoise Ridge uses underhand cut-and-fill mining methods and ore is transported to Newmont’s Twin Creeks mill for processing. The refractory gold ore is treated by pressure oxidation technology and gold is recovered using conventional carbon-in-leach technology. Barrick’s share of gold production in 2015 was 217,000 ounces of gold, and the mine is expected to produce 255,000-275,000 ounces of gold in 2016. The Golden Sunlight mine is located in Jefferson County in southwestern Montana in the United States, 55 kilometres east of Butte and eight kilometres northeast of Whitehall. The property lies on the eastern flank of a fault-bounded mountain range known as Bull Mountain. Golden Sunlight is mined by conventional open-pit methods. The ore treatment plant uses conventional carbon-in-pulp technology as well as sand tailing retreatment (STR), designed to recover gold that would otherwise be lost in the process. Golden Sunlight produced 68,000 ounces of gold in 2015. Lagunas Norte is located on the Alto Chicama property in north-central Peru, 140 kilometres east of the coastal city of Trujillo. The property lies on the western flank of the Peruvian Andes at an elevation of 4,000 to 4,260 meters above sea level. It’s an open-pit, crush, valley-fill heap leach operation. Lagunas Norte produced 560,000 ounces of gold in 2015 and total production in 2016 is anticipated to be 425,000-450,000 ounces of gold. The Veladero mine is located in the San Juan Province of Argentina in the highly prospective Frontera District. The property is located at elevations of 4,000 to 4,850 meters above sea level, approximately 374 kilometres northwest of the city of San Juan. Veladero is a conventional open-pit operation where ore is crushed by a two-stage crushing process and transported via overland conveyor and trucks to the leach pad area. Runof-mine ore is trucked directly to the valley-fill leach pad. Veladero produced 602,000 ounces of gold in 2015. The Hemlo property consists of Williams, an underground and open pit mine, located approximately 350 kilometres east of Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada. Ore from the mine is fed to a standard grind, leach and carbon-in-pulp extraction mill. Hemlo produced 219,000 ounces of gold in 2015. In 2016, gold production is expected to be 215,000-230,000 ounces.

Gold: Rest of the world

The Kalgoorlie operation consists primarily of the Super Pit open-pit mine, located along the Golden Mile ore bodies which were previously mined from underground. The mine is located adjacent to the town of Kalgoorlie approximately 550 kilometres east of Perth, Western Australia. Barrick holds a 50% interest with Newmont Mining Corporation holding the remaining 50% interest. The Super Pit is the biggest open pit gold mine in the country and the company’s operations ensure Australia holds its place, behind South Africa and the USA, as the third biggest gold producer in the world. Kalgoorlie is an open-pit, truck-and-loader operation. Barrick’s share of gold production in 2015 was 320,000 ounces and Barrick’s share of World Mining Magazine


The Miner’s choice for Fuel and Lubricants From the refinery to the mining site, TOTAL MINING SOLUTIONS is with you at every step to cover all your needs with top quality products and services. This is how we make mining easier and more productive for you.

  World Mining Magazine


barrick gold the 21st century miner proven and probable mineral reserves as of December 31, 2015, was 4.2 million ounces of gold. The Porgera Joint Venture is an open pit and underground gold mine located at an altitude of 2,200-2,700 meters in the Enga Province of Papua New Guinea. The operation is roughly 130 kilometres west of Mount Hagen and 600 kilometres northwest of the capital Port Moresby. Barrick (Niugini) Ltd. is the 95% owner of the Porgera Joint Venture and is the manager of the operation. Barrick Gold Corporation and Zijin Mining Group each own 50% of Barrick (Niugini) Ltd. The remaining 5% interest in the Porgera Joint Venture is held by Mineral Resources Enga and is divided between the Enga Provincial government (2.5%) and local landowners (2.5%).


“The Super Pit in Kalgoorlie is the biggest open pit gold mine in Australia. Barrick and Newmont Mining Corporation each owns a 50 per cent share”

The Jabal Sayid copper project, a 50-50 joint venture with Saudi Arabian Mining Company (Ma’aden), commenced commercial production on July 1, 2016. Barrick’s share of 2016 copper production from Jabal Sayid is expected to be 10-20 million pounds, at a cost of sales of $2.10-$2.90 per pound, and all-in sustaining costs of $2.80-$3.10 per pound. The mine is expected to ramp up to a production rate of about 100 million pounds per year in the second half of 2017, as additional underground development is completed. As of December 31, 2015, Barrick’s share of reserves at Jabal Sayid was 698 million pounds of copper. The Lumwana copper mine is located in Zambia, in one of the most prospective copper regions in the world. Lumwana ore, which is predominantly sulfide, is treated through a conventional sulfide flotation plant, producing copper concentrate for smelting. Lumwana produced 287 million pounds of copper in 2015. Zaldívar is a 50/50 joint venture operation with Antofagasta Plc, overseen by a joint board of directors with three Barrick nominees and three Antofagasta nominees. Antofagasta is the operator of the mine. The mine is located in the Andean Precordillera in Region II of northern Chile, approximately 1,400 kilometres north of Santiago and 175 kilometres southeast of the port city of Antofagasta. An open-pit, heapleach copper mine, it lies at an average elevation of 3,000 meters. Pure cathode copper is produced by three stages of crushing and stacking, followed by heap leaching and bacterial activity to remove the copper from the ore. Run-of-mine dump leach material is placed on the old sulphide ore pad and leached. Zaldívar produced 218 million pounds of copper in 2015.

FUTURE GROWTH Barrick’s project portfolio is unsurpassed in the gold industry and represents a source of huge value. As of December 31, 2015, it had proven and probable gold reserves of 91.9 million ounces, and 79.1 million ounces of measured and indicated gold resources. Around existing mines, Barrick is advancing organic growth opportunities at Cortez, Goldrush, Lagunas Norte, and Turquoise Ridge. Scaleable projects that provide future optionality include Donlin Gold, Cerro Casale, and Pascua-Lama. World Mining Magazine


We solved it at Oyu Tolgoi… Now we can solve it for you.


ullseye is a specialist provider of meal packaging and delivery solutions for the worldwide mining industry.

Oman Minerals and Mining Exhibition, January 16 -18 2017

With our experience at major mines across the world, we can advise on and supply every aspect of packed meal delivery to ensure your mining teams benefit from nutritious, fresh food when and where it’s needed. 1 Nutrition sealed in for satisfied workforce and improved productivity 2 No mess, leakage or spillage 3 High hygiene protection 4 Optimum portion control and increased productivity


5 Sustainable, recyclable packaging



6 Controlled and tracked delivery solutions


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Proven worldwide. From on-site survey through trialling and installation, catering team training, full documentation and support.

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Telephone: +44 (0)1525 863911 • •

The Cortez Underground Expansion project looks to expand underground mining into the Deep South zone below currently permitted levels. The estimated initial capital expenditure will be $153 million, with an estimated construction start date of 2019-2020. Estimated first production will be 2022-2023. Barrick’s Goldrush and Fourmile project in Nevada involves the development of an underground mine at Goldrush and has an estimated initial capital expenditure of $1 billion. Average annual production is expected to be 440,000 ounces and Barrick plans for construction to commence in 2020, with first production in 2021. Laguna Norte extension of life project is estimated to commence in 2020, with first production late 2021. It will involve the installation of a refractory ore processing circuit to extend life of mine by nine years. Barrick is also looking to expand its Turquoise Ridge underground mine through the construction of an additional production shaft. The investment cost will be $325 million and the additional shaft will boost production from approximately 280,000 ounces to 500,000 ounces per year. So, a huge amount of investment is planned and to manage the current operational base and growth of the business Barrick has put together a business plan that involves the pursuit of three strategic goals over the next five years. The first is a profound understanding of and commitment to the idea that in the twenty-first century, its core business

  World Mining Magazine


barrick gold the 21st century miner is building partnerships of real depth and trust with host governments, local communities, NGOs, indigenous people, and others. By taking their minerals out of the ground with their support, Barrick is able to create wealth for all. The second goal is to produce industry-leading margins by operating in a way that is gold-price agnostic. Whatever the gold price, Barrick is constantly pushing to reduce its costs by being the best for productivity and efficiency. That means a continuous, relentless cycle of improvement and innovation, so that it can weather gold price volatility, while remaining focused on its ultimate objective of growing free cash flow per share. The third goal is superior portfolio management and measuring success in terms of quality, not quantity. While Barrick may produce fewer ounces than in recent years, it generates significantly more free cash flow per share. In 2015 Barrick produced free cash flow for the first time in four years, through its strategy of prioritising growing free cash flow over growing ounces. Also key to Barrick’s ongoing success is its relationship with its supply chain. Barrick recognizes that the conduct and behaviour of its suppliers, vendors and contractors can affect — both positively and negatively — the quality of its workplace and the environment, the lives of people in local communities, as well as its reputation and ability to operate effectively. For these reasons Barrick chooses its vendors with great care; it demands that its supply chain partners uphold Barrick’s principles of ethical business conduct and respect for human rights. That way both Barrick and its suppliers enjoy close partnerships that are mutually beneficial.


“Barrick follows a continuous, relentless cycle of improvement and innovation, so that it can weather gold price volatility while remaining focused on its ultimate objective of growing free cash flow per share”

Barrick Gold has a vision, stated thus: “We will, over time, transform Barrick into a mining company for this century by reconceptualising the essence of how one succeeds in this industry. We have intentionally chosen a model that is distinct from our peers. We are mindful of John Templeton’s admonition, ‘If you want superior performance, you must be different.’ We agree. It is who we are today and it was always Barrick’s original DNA. We will embody that DNA in a way that is all the more relevant by making the best use of technology and data, embedding it into our every fibre. It will make us better, it will make us faster—and it will make us safer. We will do this carefully, deliberately, and with an uncompromising eye on return on invested capital. But we will do it. In the end, we want to be among the very best twentyfirst century companies, not just in our industry, but in any industry. In the fullness of time, we believe Barrick will be both the lowest-risk investment of its kind, and the one creating the most value. The gold mining sector is ripe for disruption, and at Barrick we are restless. We will be a twenty-first century mining company—generating wealth for our owners, our people, and the countries and communities with which we partner—with conviction and the courage to be different.” The industry will be watching keenly over the next few years for the transformation of a business, and perhaps an entire industry. World Mining Magazine


  World Mining Magazine


bullseye distributors ltd MINING MEAL SOLUTIONS DELIVERED AT OYU TOLGOI Of all the logistical tasks in managing a modern mining operation, getting a constant supply of quality nutritious food to fuel the appetites of thousands of miners isn’t the first problem which normally springs to mind. But no mining company should ever underestimate the importance in morale and performance of getting good food - on time, day after day - to those who do one of the toughest jobs on the planet.

World Mining Magazine


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bullseye distributors ltd



aced with the fact that meal delivery to mining teams was at best a low-tech part of an otherwise meticulously planned high-tech operation, one British company saw an opportunity to put the experience it gained in the UK social care sector to the test by offering mining operations the chance to switch to a simple but highly effective meal delivery system. And now the system has been proven across the globe at giant operations such as Oyu Tolgoi in Mongolia and Ambatovy in Madagascar. Bullseye Distributors works closely alongside mining management and their contracted catering operations to provide tailored meal delivery solutions based on its sustainable sealed tray system. It not only gives protection and sealed-in nutrition for meals delivered to remote operations but it also reduces food wastage and eradicates spillage along the way. But the company goes further by including kitchen team training on how to get the best out of their system as well as advising and implementing every part of the process - and even resolving packaging and food waste issues in some of the most ecologically sensitive areas of the world.


“Regular, nutritious food delivery is essential. We believe our system will significantly contribute to the mine’s efficiency and productivity”

At its first mining site operation, Bullseye’s close working relationships resulted in a revolution in food quality and service on the Indian Ocean island of Madagascar at the Ambatovy mining project. It came about because the operation demanded that there was minimal down time around the lunch break, which meant that pack meals were essential. However, the workforce was very dissatisfied with the existing system. In addition, those behind Ambatovy were committed to contributing to sustainable development in Madagascar – a unique eco system - far into the future and long after they have left. This commitment dovetailed perfectly with Bullseye’s philosophy even down to the smallest detail in adopting ecofriendly meal trays for the 1,700 workers there who need a healthy, nutritional meal three times a day. And now the same proven approach has taken off at the Oyu Tolgoi mine in the remote Gobi Desert in Mongolia. Bullseye meal trays are made from eco-friendly paper pulp and the separate compartments are sealed with film lids by purpose-designed Bullseye machines. This means that food such as a typical three course lunch of meat with rice, vegetables and salad and dessert or fruit can be delivered to even the remotest parts of the mine without affecting quality and presentation. Before these new trays were introduced it was not possible to include sauces or juices with the meals as these would run into other foods in transit. Now the meals, which are freshly made and packed under clinical conditions in a central kitchen, can be sealed, stacked and shipped to workers without the problems of the past and with the big advantage of reducing the need to transport workers to central feeding points. The system also brings flexibility of scaling up food delivery at times of workforce expansion or during the construction of new facilities at the mine. Bullseye has even designed and produced tailored, thermallyinsulated, delivery bags to transport each consignment directly from the kitchen and helped design the labelling and tracking system necessary to ensure prompt personalised food delivery World Mining Magazine


even to the remotest parts of the mine. And at the end of the process, the used paper pulp trays and food residues can be collected and separated afterwards for recycling or beneficial recovery. As Peter Prior of Bullseye, which developed the packed meal system for social care meal deliveries, explains: “When we were first approached to resolve a meal delivery problem in the mining sector, we identified a number of issues preventing not just a sustainable meal delivery but also affecting the quality of food and presentation. The old-fashioned polystyrene food boxes they were using not only meant meals got cold quickly but were also difficult to transport and food quickly became messy and mixed together, losing its appeal. The polystyrene was also not environmentally friendly and so contributed to waste disposal problems. Throughout the day, miners work hard and deserve good food and our system allows this. At Oyu Tolgoi by 2021, around 6,000 workers will extract nearly half a million tonnes of copper and 425,000 ounces of gold every year. For them, regular, nutritious food delivery is essential. We believe our system will significantly contribute to the mine’s efficiency and productivity.” The Bullseye trays also allow the full range of cooking and storage options as they can be frozen to minus 40°C and heated to 205°C in conventional or microwave ovens. But the new thinking in food packaging and delivery also brought other advantages. It allowed the site catering team the freedom to reconsider the possibilities of new ingredients and sauces. On this basis, they were able to create a new range of menus with greater choice and appeal. Since he launched his range of food trays and associated

  World Mining Magazine


bullseye distributors ltd MINING MEAL SOLUTIONS DELIVERED AT OYU TOLGOI equipment in the UK in 2009, Peter Prior has captured markets in sectors ranging from care homes and meals-on-wheels to prison cells and the production sites of environmentally conscious ready-meal makers. But the global reach of his simple web site is what led to the enquiry for a solution in Madagascar and, more recently the Bullseye reputation spread to Oyu Tolgoi. Now the interest goes even further as Bullseye took the big step to exhibit at MINExpo 2016 in Las Vegas Nevada, USA. As Peter says, “The interest in what we offer was phenomenal with many saying that food delivery is an area that is one of their biggest headaches. Because mining in remote and highly sensitive areas attracts attention in the media and elsewhere, being at MINExpo convinced us that even the giant corporate operations have to pay attention to the finest detail in every aspect of the impact they make. Now it is clear from our discussions that they are seeking the greenest route to feeding their employees and helping improve food quality into the bargain. Just as importantly, by using our eco tray system, we can help ensure there is no residual food and packaging waste problem left behind as a nasty taste in years to come.” Bullseye can be contacted on + 44 1525 863911 or in the UK on 0800 011 2311. The email address is info@ and the web site is

“Even the giant corporate operations have to pay attention to the finest detail in every aspect of the impact they make”

World Mining Magazine


TOTAL RUBIA WORKS 1000 The best mining companies understand that the true cost of lubrication extends far beyond its purchase price. Bernard Lamy and Jonathan Montales of TOTAL tell Martin Ashcroft how choosing engine oil specially designed for the mining industry can reduce the overall cost of ownership on a mine site.

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total rubia works 1000


iven that many oil companies produce a range of diesel engine oils that they claim can equally be used in both on- and off-road applications, mining companies often purchase engine lubricants that are more suitable for on-road engines such as buses or trucks. The truth is, however, that a truck driving comfortably at a constant speed on the open road is hardly comparable to a piece of mining equipment working in a static position in a hot, dusty environment, with hot air ventilation, lifting heavy loads all day, every day. That kind of treatment puts an entirely different level of stress on an engine, and although an ‘ordinary’ oil will still do the job, there are many gains to be made from choosing a specifically designed lubricant solution. “After feedback from the industry and OEMs, we began to understand that the specific demands of the application were such that a special kind of engine oil was needed to satisfy mining requirements,” says Bernard Lamy, currently manager of lubricant development for Total’s Automotive Off-Road segment. The result is Rubia Works 1000, an engine oil that was launched five years ago by Total and is now used on mine sites all around the world. Specially formulated for heavy equipment without diesel particulate filters such as excavators, wheelloaders, dump trucks or dozers, etc, Rubia Works 1000 is a uniquely developed engine oil with higher viscosity and higher oxidation resistance. In other words, it’s thicker and resists ageing for a longer period than regular oils. “Mining equipment is often working in a static position, so the engines have less natural cooling than in a truck,” explains Lamy, “so the engine oil must be able to operate at a higher temperature, too.” “The main advantage for mining customers is an extended drain interval,” says Jonathan Montales, Automotive Application engineer and Off-Road OEM Liaison Manager for the Asia Pacific region. “It is normal in the industry to change the oil every 250 to 350 working hours, but with Rubia Works 1000 this can be extended to 500 hours and more.”

The customer not only saves money on the amount of oil that has to be purchased, but also enjoys increased productivity as the machine spends less time in the maintenance shop and more time working. Extending the drain interval is the most obvious benefit but this has even more knock on effects throughout the operation: the engine oil improves the overall engine durability by reducing wear, by keeping the engine surfaces clean, by dispersing the contaminants, by neutralizing acids and by resisting oil degradation, so the engine itself performs better and requires fewer repairs. Rubia Works 1000 can be used with all vehicle brands and has been certified in accordance with Japanese, European and American criteria. Tests carried out on the Caterpillar C13 engine showed that when Rubia Works 1000 15W-40 is used, nearly 50% less oil top-up is required compared with the benchmark lubricant—evidence of its perfect piston ring sealing and maximum engine efficiency. Further, measurements of camshaft wear, the perfect indicator for engine protection, have demonstrated the protective capabilities of this lubricant. Rubia Works 1000 15W-40 has also passed Komatsu’s stringent independent test relating to the oil’s ability to resist oxidation and deposit formation—a critical factor given Komatsu’s 500 hours oil drain interval—and has been similarly complying with the stringent requirements of a catalogue of constructors including Caterpillar, Hitachi, Cummins, MTU, Detroit-Diesel, Volvo, Isuzu, Deutz, Daimler and many others… But its role as an engine oil is just the starting point for this unique lubricant. “Some of our end users have been asking us if it is possible to use this oil in gearboxes as well as engines,” concludes Lamy, “so Rubia Works 1000 has now been approved by Allison for certain types of off-road transmissions.” The advantage here is to rationalise the number of different oils that have to be purchased, stored and managed, offering mining operators another opportunity to reduce costs. World Mining Magazine


UNDERGROUND MOVEMENT   World Mining Magazine


The Elphinstone name returns to the global underground mining industry after a unique deal with Caterpillar. Zak Brakey, Sales & Marketing Manager of Elphinstone Pty Ltd, tells Martin Ashcroft about the underground movement down under. World Mining Magazine



n agreement between Elphinstone and Caterpillar has paved the way for Elphinstone to re-establish its world-renowned brand and commence manufacturing specialised underground mining support vehicles from its home base of Burnie,Tasmania, Australia. The Elphinstone name has been closely linked with Caterpillar since company founder Dale Elphinstone joined Victorian and Tasmanian Cat dealer William Adams as an apprentice in 1966. Using his father’s shed to modify Cat surface mining equipment for underground applications, he started Elphinstone Pty Ltd in 1975, eventually specialising in the manufacturer of load haul dump trucks (LHDs) and articulated dump trucks. All Elphinstone equipment was built using Caterpillar components and sold and supported via Cat’s global dealer network. The company’s success led to the creation of a 50/50 joint venture with Caterpillar in 1995, known as Caterpillar Elphinstone Pty Ltd. Five years later, Caterpillar exercised its option to purchase the remaining 50% of the business, replacing the Elphinstone name to become Caterpillar Underground Mining Pty Ltd. While a return to manufacturing support equipment for underground mining had been contemplated by Elphinstone, the move was hastened by Caterpillar’s 2015 announcement that it would complete the relocation of its Burnie based manufacturing operations to Rayong, Thailand at the beginning of 2016. So, what exactly has been agreed? “We have bought back our Elphinstone brand from Caterpillar and commenced manufacturing support vehicles for the underground mining industry,” says Zak Brakey, Sales & Marketing Manager of Elphinstone Pty Ltd. The Elphinstone manufacturing philosophy has always been to build products that are complementary to Caterpillar’s existing equipment range, he explains, using original Cat components. Caterpillar does not produce underground support vehicles, Brakey explains. “They build primary production machines; LHDs and trucks. We are designing and manufacturing Elphinstone underground support vehicles using majority Cat components and these are sold and supported via the global Caterpillar dealer network, just like our existing Haulmax and Railmax products.” Elphinstone has been building Haulmax extended distance off highway mining trucks for over ten years, and has delivered almost 100 units across the globe. The Haulmax product range’s narrow width, low centre of gravity and dual rear axle configuration offers a genuine solution for extended distance hauls, soft and slippery underfoot conditions and as a prime mover for service and support mine site equipment. The Elphinstone designed and built Railmax RMT14D road-rail vehicle has been developed to meet industry demand for a compliant, certified and engineered rail maintenance excavator. Based on the Cat 314D CR hydraulic excavator, Elphinstone’s Railmax road-rail vehicle provides a premium quality rail maintenance solution, incorporating unrivalled safety features and functionality that enables customers to safely and reliably achieve new levels of productivity. Elphinstone’s new range of underground mining support vehicles is based on two platforms, the 10-14 tonne Elphinstone WR810 and the 20 tonne Elphinstone WR820. A range of purpose built support equipment is available

  World Mining Magazine


“There’s a very strong skills base on the northwest coast of Tasmania, with a lot of experience in high quality heavy equipment manufacturing and an exceptionally capable supply chain that has evolved over a 40 plus year association with the mining industry”

across these two platforms including; concrete agitators, tilt trays, personnel carriers, shotcreters, cable handlers, charge units, cassette trucks, scissor lifts, rock breakers, scalers, water and service trucks, you name it. The manufacturing facilities Caterpillar occupied in Burnie since purchasing the original underground business were leased from Elphinstone, explained Brakey. “We negotiated to take back these facilities from Caterpillar, along with a lot of their tooling and equipment. There’s a very strong skills base on the northwest coast of Tasmania, with a lot of experience in high quality heavy equipment manufacturing and an exceptionally capable supply chain that has evolved over a 40 plus year association with the mining industry.” The Elphinstone Group is spending over $10 million on its Ormsby Street plant, which was until recently Caterpillar’s main fabrication facility. “We’re going to combine the manufacture of our Haulmax, Railmax and Elphinstone underground support vehicles at our Ormsby Street location,” says Brakey. “We’ll have a single flow production line operating in a state-of-the-art facility.” The project is scheduled to be completed towards the end of July 2017. While Ormsby Street is being renovated, Elphinstone’s range of underground support vehicles is currently being manufactured at the Wilson Street facility in Burnie, which was Caterpillar’s final assembly line, while the Haulmax and Railmax products are being built in the Wynyard factory. When you talk about a state-of-the-art manufacturing facility these days, you expect to hear about the latest equipment and technology, but you also expect to hear the term ‘lean manufacturing’. Elphinstone does not disappoint. Rubbing shoulders with Caterpillar for 20 years can be an education in itself. The Caterpillar Production System is based on Toyota’s, the original lean manufacturer, and Elphinstone has absorbed much of this philosophy. “Our workforce has developed a detailed understanding of lean techniques and practices,” says Brakey. “We’re always looking for ways to reduce waste, maximise productivity and improve quality in everything we do.” All of Elphinstone’s senior managers and most of its manufacturing staff have undertaken certificates in lean processes and practices. “It’s very much part of our culture right throughout the organisation,” says Brakey. “The improvement process never ends,” he explains. “It’s a continuous journey, and plays a big part in how we remain globally competitive. This is why we are consolidating our Haulmax, Railmax and Elphinstone underground support vehicle manufacturing operations to Ormsby Street, where each machine will be produced along a single flow production line. The consolidation will remove a number of duplicated processes across our facilities, which will assist us to further reduce costs and improve productivity.” Elphinstone has been designing and manufacturing heavy equipment for the global mining industry from its birth place in Burnie, Tasmania for over four decades. Along with its existing range of Haulmax and Railmax products, the company is proud to be building underground support vehicles once again. World Mining Magazine


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newcrest mining the miner of choice Newcrest’s vision is to be the miner of choice for all stakeholders including its workforce, the communities in which it operates and its shareholders. Good reasons for choosing Newcrest include its a catalogue of low cost, long life mines, a strong portfolio of exploration projects, and enough reserves and resources for a generation of production

World Mining Magazine



ewcrest Mining Limited is today the largest gold producer listed on the Australian Stock Exchange and one of the world’s largest gold mining companies. Newcrest owns and operates a portfolio of predominantly low cost, long life mines and a strong pipeline of brownfield and greenfield exploration projects. Its reserve and resource base is strong, with gold reserves representing more than 25 years of production at current rates.

Newcrest’s asset portfolio includes operating mines that use a variety of efficient mining methods for large ore bodies, together with selective underground mining methods to optimise high-grade epithermal deposits. Discovery of new ore bodies is an important element in Newcrest’s strategy and the company has a strong and successful exploration track record. A key objective of Newcrest’s exploration activities is to secure large mineral districts, or provinces, in order to establish longterm mining operations, while enhancing the potential for further discoveries.


Cadia Valley Operations (CVO), located in central west New South Wales, is one of Australia’s largest gold mining operations and is 100 per cent owned by Newcrest. CVO comprises three mines - the Cadia Hill open pit mine, and the Cadia East and Ridgeway underground mines. These are all large-scale mining operations using either block and panel caving or open pit mining methods. At CVO, Newcrest produces gold doré from a gravity circuit and gold-rich copper concentrates from a flotation circuit. Gold doré from CVO is refined at the Perth Mint and concentrates are piped to a dewatering plant at nearby Blayney and sent by rail to Port Kembla in New South Wales for export mainly to Eastern Asia. Recently, Newcrest Mining announced plans to install a largescale Cave Tracker System at its Cadia East mine. Developed and manufactured by Brisbane-based Elexon Mining, the Cave Tracker System was conceived in collaboration with Newcrest, CRCMining and Rio Tinto. Newcrest hosted the earliest trials of the prototype system at its Ridgeway Deeps mine. Cave Tracker provides a real-time insight into cave flow and cave propagation. This insight closes a feedback loop that was not previously available. Cave Tracker greatly enhances a mine operator’s ability to proactively manage risks of cave mine projects. In the financial year ending 30 June 2016, CVO produced 668,773 ounces of gold and 64,130 tonnes of copper. Over 9 million ounces of gold have been produced from CVO since commercial production commenced in 1999. Newcrest continues to explore areas around existing mines to expand reserves that will support the development of additional production capacity in this large mineral district. CVO undertakes a range of environmental reporting and monitoring activities, to ensure that the mine maintains a safe environment for employees, operating and developing mines in line with good environmental practices and embracing a strong sense of commitment to local communities. The Telfer gold-copper mines in the Great Sandy Desert in the East Pilbara region of Western Australia are 100 per cent owned by Newcrest. Telfer is a remote location, 400 kilometres east-south-east of Port Hedland and approximately 1,300

  World Mining Magazine


newcrest mining the miner of choice kilometres by air or 1,900 kilometres by road north-east of the state’s capital, Perth; it is therefore run as a fly-in-fly-out operation. Telfer comprises the Main Dome and West Dome open pits and the Telfer underground mine. Ore from the mining operations is processed by a large, dual train, communition circuit, followed by flotation and cyanide circuits, which produce gold doré and copper-gold concentrate. The process is complex because of the need to accommodate differing ore types. Copper-gold concentrates produced at Telfer are filtered to produce a dewatered concentrate, which is trucked to Port Hedland and exported to various smelters, primarily in the East Asia region. The gold doré produced at Telfer is refined at the Perth Mint. The near mine environment contains a number of semito-advanced exploration targets, which have the potential to deliver new growth for Telfer. The project also contains a large regional tenement package that extends over 1,000 square kilometers. Application of a new exploration model has identified a number of regional targets. Telfer has a strong relationship with local communities, which consist predominantly of indigenous groups, principally the Martu. All infrastructure development and services are provided through direct consultation with the Martu, their communities and their community management personnel. Its environmental priorities include flora and fauna, land and water, air and noise, waste, rehabilitation and mine closure. A key environmental issue at Telfer is the management of cyanide, which is used as part of the process for recovering gold in the processing plant. Newcrest is a signatory to the International Cyanide Management Code for the Manufacture, Transport and use of Cyanide in the Production of Gold, and is implementing a program to ensure code compliance at Telfer. In the financial year ending 30 June 2016, Telfer produced 462,461 ounces of gold and 18,940 tonnes of copper.

Papua New Guinea

“Over nine million ounces of gold have been produced from CVO since commercial production commenced in 1999”

The Lihir operation on Niolam Island in the New Ireland Province of Papua New Guinea, 900 kilometres northeast of Port Moresby, is 100 per cent owned and operated by Lihir Gold Limited (LGL). Newcrest acquired the Lihir operation as a result of the merger with LGL by court-approved scheme of arrangement in August 2010. The gold deposit at Lihir is within the Luise Caldera, an extinct volcanic crater that is geothermally active and is one of the largest known gold deposits in the world. Most of the ore is refractory and is treated using pressure oxidation, before the gold is recovered by a conventional leach process. Lihir produces gold doré. Since production commenced in 1997, the site has produced more than 9 million ounces of gold. In February 2016, the Lihir Pit optimisation prefeasibility study was approved by the board to progress to feasibility study stage. Key outcomes of the study affirmed the potential benefits of lateral mine development of the open pit and endorsed the progression to feasibility study with respect to a near shore cut-off wall in place of a coffer dam, substantially reducing expected future capital expenditure on the seepage barrier. Lihir supports PNG-based suppliers and businesses where possible, consistent with Newcrest’s commitments to World Mining Magazine


landowners and the PNG Government. It also contributes to the local economy in accordance with agreements with the government and landowners, by providing public infrastructure and services, including access to health services and the provision of electrical power and water to local villages.

Côte d’Ivoire

Bonikro in Côte d’Ivoire, West Africa, is owned and operated by LGL Mines CI SA, an Ivorian company 89.89 per cent owned by Newcrest. Bonikro is a conventional truck and excavator open pit mine, producing gold doré. First gold was poured in October 2008. The predominant method of gold recovery is via carbon in leach technology, with some gold recovered via a gravity circuit. At Bonikro the potential exists to increase the mine life by discovering additional satellite deposits that may be processed through the Bonikro facility. Mining at the Hire Deposit (12 kilometers southeast of Bonikro) commenced in late 2014 and further exploration is being undertaken to identify new deposits within a 30 kilometer radius of Bonikro. Newcrest holds three mining licences in the Bonikro near-mine area. In addition to the Bonikro near-mine area, Newcrest has interests in some 3000 square kilometers of regional tenements and tenement applications within Cote d’Ivoire. Recent consolidation of the tenement package has resulted in focused activity on the most prospective tenements, which are all located within highly prospective Birimian greenstone terrains. Newcrest has a committed exploration campaign in Cote d’Ivoire, aimed at discovering a major gold resource. Newcrest has also established a West African generative group, which is currently assessing a range of gold and copper opportunities across the region from greenfield projects right through to producing assets. Newcrest aims to leave a positive legacy in Côte d’Ivoire by creating jobs and improving living standards for Ivoirians. An agreement was signed with the United Nation Development Program (UNDP) to develop and implement a sustainable community development program in the Bonikro area through a partnership that will ensure financial leverage from other donors.


Gosowong is owned and operated by PT Nusa Halmahera Minerals (PTNHM), an Indonesian company 75 per cent owned by Newcrest. It is located on Halmahera Island, in the North Maluku Province of the Republic of Indonesia, approximately 2,450 kilometres north east of the national capital, Jakarta. Gosowong produces gold and silver doré, which then goes to Jakarta to be refined. The Gosowong exploration program is focused on testing a portfolio of priority exploration targets within the vicinity of present operations and advancing a number of targets within the regional contract of work. More than 98 per cent of Gosowong’s total workforce, and 75 per cent of managers, are Indonesian. PTNHM invests extensively in community initiatives through its corporate social responsibility program, committing one per cent of annual revenue to the program to share the benefits of mining, support community needs and strengthen socio-economic development in the region. PTNHM’s commitment to the local economy is further demonstrated by implementing a policy of preferring locally based suppliers, where possible. In the financial year ending 30 June 2016, Gosowong produced 197,463 ounces of gold. Since mine operations

  World Mining Magazine


newcrest mining the miner of choice

commenced in 1999, over four million ounces of gold and three million ounces of silver have been produced.


“Gosowong produces gold and silver doré, which then goes to Jakarta to be refined. Since mine operations commenced in 1999, over four million ounces of gold and three million ounces of silver have been produced”

Newcrest’s Advanced Exploration Projects are key to its growth. Primarily they are focused on Wafi-Golpu in Papua New Guinea and Namosi in Fiji. Wafi-Golpu is an advanced exploration project located in the Morobe Province of PNG, approximately 65 kilometres southwest of the port city of Lae, PNG’s industrial hub and second largest city. The project is owned by the Wafi-Golpu Joint Venture (WGJV). Deep drilling conducted by the WGJV since 2008 has identified a world class porphyry deposit at Wafi-Golpu (the Golpu deposit) suited to bulk underground mining techniques, similar to those being employed by Newcrest at Cadia Valley Operations. Currently, the WafiGolpu project includes the Golpu copper-gold porphyry deposit, the Nambonga copper-gold porphyry deposit and the Wafi high sulfidation epithermal gold deposit. Exploration activity to date has shown that the Wafi-Golpu tenements host one of the highest grade porphyry copper systems in southeast Asia (the Golpu deposit). The Golpu deposit is one of several porphyry ore bodies identified along the 25 kilometre long Wafi-Transfer. Newcrest and its joint venture partner are actively exploring this highly prospective terrain for additional deposits. Two years ago Newcrest and Harmony approved a stage one feasibility study of the Golpu project. The Golpu PFS proposes a smaller, lower capital cost development for stage one of Golpu, with production expected to commence in the 2020 calendar year. The capital cost to build stage one is estimated at US$2.3 billion. The Namosi Joint Venture (NJV) is exploring for mineral resources in the Namosi and Naitasiri provinces in Fiji, approximately 30 kilometres west of Suva. The project covers World Mining Magazine


  World Mining Magazine


newcrest mining the miner of choice an area of approximately 724 square kilometres. Namosi is owned by the Namosi Joint Venture (NJV), an unincorporated joint venture between Nittetsu Mining Co Ltd, Materials Investments (Fiji) Ltd and Newcrest (Fiji) Limited. The Waisoi Project is a copper and gold project in the pre-feasibility phase. An environmental impact assessment has been undertaken, to assess the potential social and environmental impacts of a mine at Waisoi. A key component of the EIA is the social impact assessment, which will consider potential impacts, mitigations and opportunities. Following the Government’s decision, the NJV will determine if the Waisoi mine can be operated safely and economically and in an environmentally sustainable way. Exploration activities at Namosi are currently focused on the large Waisoi copper-gold deposit, the mineralised Waivaka Corridor and a portfolio of early stage exploration targets. Waisoi consists of two deposits, Waisoi East and Waisoi West.

Further exploration opportunities

Discovery of new ore bodies is an important element in Newcrest’s business strategy. Through exploration, Newcrest seeks to identify and secure large mineral districts, or provinces, in order to establish long-term mining operations, while enhancing the potential for further discoveries. Newcrest today has ongoing brownfield exploration programs in and around its operating mines and continues to search for and explore new greenfield regions that have the potential to deliver the next generation of discoveries. Complementing this is the investigation of exploration prospects at various stages of maturity through joint ventures with exploration juniors, together with targeted mergers and acquisitions activity. Exploration success requires skilled and capable people supported by industry leading systems, processes and governance. Newcrest has a strong exploration team with established experience in the successful discovery of porphyry and epithermal deposits.


“Deep drilling has identified a world class porphyry deposit at Wafi-Golpu, suited to bulk underground mining techniques similar to those being employed by Newcrest at Cadia Valley Operations”

Increasingly, gold deposits are becoming more difficult to find. They are lower grade, of challenging metallurgy, deeper underground, more difficult to develop and located in geographies that present logistical, development and operating challenges. Nevertheless, Newcrest has a strong history of growth over the past 20 years, obtaining value from previously marginal, difficult ore bodies. It has developed mining and ore processing technology for the efficient extraction of copper as concentrate, gold as bullion and gold in copper concentrate. Examples include Cadia Hill, Ridgeway, Telfer, Cadia East and Wafi-Golpu. An important element of Newcrest’s strategy is thus the adoption, adaption and development of innovative underground mining techniques and metallurgical processes, including: innovative geo-metallurgy knowledge approaches, adapting more continuous underground and pit systems, technology to facilitate early waste rejection to avoid high energy processing downstream, technology to lower energy required for mineral processing. Newcrest’s ‘Future mine’ vision is to utilise technology, along with continuous improvement techniques and step change methodology, to significantly reduce operating costs across its portfolio and increase production reliability. World Mining Magazine

World Mining Magazine


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  World Mining Magazine



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vehicle weight by truck ID, commodity, time and date. Use the optional truck ID clicker system to identify the truck and select the commodity on the large remote display. Each trucks tare weight is saved in memory and then recalled when the truck crosses the scale for single pass operation. Data can be printed or stored to a convenient USB storage drive for easy transport to the office PC.

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  World Mining Magazine


gold fields the sustainable miner Gold Fields’ ambition is to be the global leader in sustainable mining. This does not mean being the biggest, but simply, the best—by creating the greatest enduring value from gold mining for all its stakeholders, including its employees, its communities, its shareholders and its host governments.

World Mining Magazine



old Fields has operated in South Africa since 1887, when Cecil John Rhodes and Charles Rudd formed Gold Fields of South Africa. In 1932, the company began mining the mineral-rich West Rand, where it discovered highyielding gold deposits. A merger between Gold Fields of South Africa and Gencor in 1998 led to the formation of Gold Fields Limited. GLOBAL OPERATIONS

Today, Gold Fields Limited is a globally diversified producer of gold with eight operating mines in Australia, South Africa, Ghana and Peru, with attributable annual gold production of approximately 2.0 million ounces. It has mineral reserves of around 46 million ounces and mineral resources of around 102 million ounces.


The Australia region currently accounts for 12 per cent of the company’s mineral resource and 7 per cent of its mineral

  World Mining Magazine


gold fields the sustainable miner

“Gold Fields acquired the Darlot mine and tenement package from Barrick Gold in October 2013”

reserve base, excluding growth projects. It has four operations, all in Western Australia; Agnew, Granny Smith, Darlot and St Ives. Agnew, a Gold Fields subsidiary, currently operates two underground mines, Waroonga and New Holland. At Waroonga, ore is sourced from the Kim, FBH and Main North lodes that are accessed via declines. New Holland mining occurs in three primary areas: Genesis 500, Cinderella and Sheba. These are also accessed via declines. There are centralised administrative offices, as well as engineering workshops at both Waroonga and New Holland and one active CIP processing plant. Agnew has an intensified focus on defining new ore sources at New Holland and Waroonga, in conjunction with targeted exploration programmes testing an expanded area beyond current mining fronts. These include Waroonga North and the under-explored Cinderella Trend. The objective is to increase the mineral resource and mineral reserve base to generate a new high grade backbone to sustain a robust five-year plan supported by an improved understanding of the broader regional targets to discover the next generation of mines. Development of the FBH area at Waroonga continues, with the objective of replacing production from the Kim ore body in the future. Darlow: Gold was first discovered in the Lake Darlot region in an alluvial field in 1894. Initial exploration and production focused on readily extractable gold from the alluvial deposits. In October 2013, Gold Fields acquired the Darlot mine and tenement package from Barrick Gold. In 2015, it focused on driving self-funded, integrated exploration programmes to replace production depletion and to extend the LoM for Darlot. This was coupled with a ramp-up in surface exploration, including detailed structural and geophysical targeting aimed at identifying hidden ore bodies at depth analogous to the underground Centenary ore body. The 2015 exploration budget of A$9.6 million focused on both underground and surface prospective areas. Sustained growth and extensions to the underground Lords South Lower (LSL) area were achieved, while ongoing extensional and conversion drilling at the Centenary Oval target has delivered an initial inferred mineral resource. Surface exploration expenditure was also significantly increased in 2015 to test a number of existing and new targets at depth to identify larger, hidden ore bodies analogous to the Centenary deposit. Initial diamond drilling was completed in 2015 on a number of these targets, in conjunction with approximately 55 line kilometres of IP geophysics. Drilling and follow-up on encouraging targets has continued throughout 2016. Darlot remains mine-constrained and is currently targeting production of approximately 60koz in 2016. Ongoing exploration of this high-grade nuggety ore system, which is open-ended with opportunities for extension, remains an imperative to defining and converting the lease endowment targets into mineral reserves for critical life extension. Granny Smith: Gold Fields acquired 100% of the Granny Smith Gold Mine on 1 October 2013 as part of the purchase of the Yilgarn South operations. The Granny Smith Gold Mine (GSM) has undergone an impressive turnaround since acquisition and is now positioned World Mining Magazine


as a high-grade, high-margin core portfolio asset. Focus is on investment in brownfield exploration, resource conversion, infrastructure, mining and processing efficiency, and cost containment, as well as life extension. These investments are all aimed at underpinning sustainable cash generative ounces. The Granny Smith mineral resource ounces increased by 43% in 2015 as a result of a very successful resource definition and extensional drilling campaign at the flagship Wallaby underground mine and an increase in the Granny Smith underground and open pit mineralisation. The mineral reserve also increased by 50% in 2015 following a very effective mineral resource to mineral reserve conversion programme at Wallaby. This remains a priority for Gold Fields, in order to deliver the mining mix and production flexibility needed to underpin the planned cash flow margin. Reserves, net of production depletion, have grown incrementally for the last seven years, a trend that is set to continue given the mine’s investment in discovering and developing new and extensional mineral reserves at Wallaby underground mine and at other prospective and relatively unexplored tenements. St Ives is a well-established operation comprising a mix of ‘owner-mined’, open pit and underground operations feeding the Lefroy CIL mill with a current capacity of 4.7mtpa. The tenement holdings are located in the highly prospective Norseman-Wiluna Greenstone Belt and encompass underexplored ground that has been recently acquired or is defined as new exploration space because of innovative new models for target generation. An intensified exploration programme continues to be a key anchor in replacing mineral reserves and growing operational flexibility going forward. The Invincible open pit, now a cornerstone of production at the mine, represented a major discovery in 2012 and in conjunction with the growing potential at Invincible underground, Invincible South and Incredible, has emphasised the high prospectivity of the Speedway corridor, which was prioritised in the 2016 exploration campaign.

South Africa

The South Deep mine is located in the Far West Rand Goldfield on the northwestern rim of the Witwatersrand Basin, approximately 45 miles from Johannesburg, and has been built to extract one of the largest undeveloped gold ore bodies in the world. Increasing traction on production delivery, coupled with a world class, long life ore body, defines South Deep as a core asset for the future. The ore body, encompassing a 37 million oz mineral reserve, is well understood as a result of a combination of 3D seismic modelling, extensive surface drilling and effective resource modelling that has provided valuable information on the geological structure and gold distribution patterns at the mine. Gold Fields has installed the key infrastructure to support the production ramp up and to deliver the mine as a low cost, long life mechanised mining operation. Due to its depth and full mechanisation, South Deep has no real benchmark operation in the industry and the current focus, therefore, remains on establishing the mine’s basic capability to drive productivity and leverage unit costs. In addition, a strategic review of the operation is being undertaken with the objective of positioning South Deep as a core franchise asset, that aims in the first instance to achieve self-funding status as early as possible and then to deliver consistent free cash-flow margins going forward.

  World Mining Magazine


gold fields the sustainable miner A new regional pillar design and high profile de-stress mining method have been incorporated into the December 2015 LoM plan. These initiatives are aimed at improving safety, increasing mining productivities and simplifying the overall mining cycle.

West Africa

“Focus at Granny Smith is on investment in brownfield exploration, resource conversion, infrastructure, mining and processing efficiency, and cost containment, as well as life extension”

The West Africa Region currently accounts for 15 per cent of the group’s mineral resource and 16 per cent of the mineral reserve base, excluding growth projects. Its key operations are Tarkwa and Damang. Tarkwa: From initial discovery, the Tarkwa mines were allowed to flood. In 1961, production restarted under the State Gold Mining Corporation and in 1963 the Tarkwa mines were renamed Tarkwa Goldfields Limited. The Apinto Shaft was sunk in the mid-seventies. Gold Fields signed a management contract with the Ghanaian government to operate the mine in 1993, and in 1996 completed a feasibility study on an open pit/heap leach operation. In 1998, the initial Tarkwa Phase 1 development was completed, followed in 1999 by the Tarkwa Phase 2 expansion. In 2000, Gold Fields Ghana acquired the northern area of Teberebie and mining production was increased. Tarkwa implemented owner mining in July 2004 and commissioned a CIL plant with a name plate capacity of 4.2mtpa in October 2004. An expanded CIL plant was commissioned in January 2009 and a design throughput of 12.3mtpa was achieved in September 2009. Conversion to owner maintenance was completed in 2010. Today, the mine continues to deliver world-class mining and processing costs. Restructuring the mine to operate at lower total mining volumes will facilitate operational flexibility and underpin targeted head grades to deliver 520 – 560koz of gold per annum. Various alternative mining and processing options have been investigated to identify the best value option for Tarkwa. A CIL-only option proved to be the most operationally and financially viable choice, and, as a result, the throughput has been increased to 13.5mtpa, with processing of the spent south heap leach material planned at the end of the LoM production profile. The Damang concession covers a total area of 23,666 hectares. Abosso Goldfields holds a mining lease in respect of the Damang mine, which is due to expire in 2025 but is renewable under its terms and the provisions of the Minerals and Mining Law, by agreement between Abosso Goldfields and the Government of Ghana. The Damang plant processes mainly fresh ore with approximately 5% oxides, which is sourced from four open pit mining operations and existing surface stockpiles, located on the Damang mine lease. The mineral reserves at Damang are based on an interim LoM plan, and have decreased from 1.2moz to 1.0moz, mostly as a result of depletion. A comprehensive assessment of strategic options to determine the prognosis for the mine and identify the best long-term plan has recently been undertaken. The mine has a good ore body at depth under the original pit that will require a push-back to expose. Options being reviewed range from ‘care and maintenance’ to a significantly expanded pit and extended LoM, including several options in-between. Near-mine exploration takes place at Huni, Saddle, Juno, Juno South and Amoanda. Tomento North drilling and modelling World Mining Magazine


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was completed in 2015 to better define the structural controls on the reefs.


The Americas region currently accounts for 3 per cent of the gold mineral resource and mineral reserve base, excluding growth projects. Cerro Corona is located in the highest part of the western cordillera of the Andes Mountains in northern Peru. In 1979, exploration identified porphyry-style mineralisation in the Cerro Corona area. During the period from 1992 to 1993, sampling by the Gubbins Group identified gold mineralisation in the leached cap of the Cerro Corona deposit. Copper-gold porphyry mineralisation was discovered through the drilling of nine diamond core holes and completion of an exploration audit into the mineralised zone. Today, Cerro Corona consistently produces high-margin gold and copper from a single large open pit. Cerro Corona is great optionality for expansion and plant productivity has continued to increase year on year. The life of the mine is expected to extend to 2023.

Exploration projects

Gold Fields is extending its global reach with exploration projects currently underway in Finland, The Philippines and Chile. In Finland, the APP project consists of three project areas named Suhanko, Narkaus and Penikat. The projects are located in southern Lapland, approximately 50km south of the city of Rovaniemi, which is the regional capital with excellent infrastructure and services. A network of well-established roads exists in the area with all-year access to the port of Kemi. The Far Southeast Project in The Philippines, is situated in the established mining district of Mankayan in the Cordillera Region of Northern Luzon, approximately 250km north of Manila. The Salares Norte Project is located in the Atacama Region of Northern Chile. The nearest town is Diego de Almagro, about

  World Mining Magazine


gold fields the sustainable miner

190 kilometres by road to the west of the project, a remote location, but with high potential.

Supply chain

As part of its vision to be the global leader in sustainable gold mining, Gold Fields places huge importance on the development and maintenance of strong supplier relationships, built on principles of ethics, integrity and professionalism in a transparent and sustainable manner. Adhering to internationally recognised practices, the company endeavours to ensure value added, cost effective and sustainable service delivery that enables its operations to achieve their strategic growth and productivity objectives. Gold Fields has a range of practices in place to achieve this goal:

“The Invincible open pit, now a cornerstone of production, represented a major discovery in 2012 and in conjunction with the growing potential at Invincible underground, Invincible South and Incredible, has emphasised the high prospectivity of the Speedway corridor”

• • • • • • •

Integrating all aspects of material stewardship and supply chain management; Encouraging business partners to adopt similar practices with regards to sustainable development; Being the “customer of choice” by securing sustainable and value driven relationships with business partners; Continually optimising and improving processes to ensure on-going sustainability; To source, utilise, re-use and dispose of materials in a manner that is responsible with due regard to environmental, social, health and safety considerations; To support the economies of host countries through the local procurement of services where practicable, and Engaging with relevant stakeholders in an open manner regarding issues of material stewardship and supply chain management.

It is Gold Fields aim to create the greatest enduring value from gold – for its investors, employees, host governments and communities, but not at any cost. Prominent in its vision and values are the following commitments. “We will enhance our operating environment wherever we can and avoid or rehabilitate significant mining-related damage,” and “If we cannot mine safely, we will not mine.” World Mining Magazine


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  World Mining Magazine


(Below, main picture) Expander offers a wide range of Expander® System pivot pins for equipment owners. (Right)Expander begins manufacturing orders immediately, providing fast turnaround.


quipment owners in every industry are plagued with the problem of pivot wear. Traditionally, the repair method is a time-consuming process of welding and line boring, which must be done repeatedly during a machine’s life cycle. Expander has been servicing the market with a solution for nearly 30 years. Offering a faster, permanent and more economical solution to machine pivot applications. “The Expander® System decreases downtime, in turn, increasing production time,” said Joakim Hedlund, COO/Business Development Manager. “Once it’s installed, the pivot is like new again and remains that way. Equipment owners’ costs are lowered and profit increases because of reduction in maintenance.” The Expander® System eliminates line boring and welding. It consists of an assembly that includes a pin body that is tapered at both ends, two slotted expansion sleeves, two tension washers and two fasteners. When the fasteners are torqued, the tension washers push the expansion sleeves up the tapered part of the pin, creating full-surface contact even if bores are worn. This permanently eliminates the movement that causes pivot wear and damages bores. It’s designed to be a one-time solution for the lifetime of the machine. The Expander® System eliminates welding and line boring. It consists of an assembly that includes a pin body that’s tapered at both ends, two slotted expansion sleeves, two tension washers along with two fasteners. When the fasteners are torqued, the tension washers push the expansion sleeves up the tapered part of the pin, creating full-surface contact, even if bores are worn. This permanently eliminates the movement that causes pivot wear and damages bores. Its design is a one-time solution that lasts the lifetime of the equipment. The Expander® System comes with a 10-year/10,000-hour function warranty. Expander maintains an extensive catalog of Expander® System assemblies that match virtually any equipment make and model. The company has designed nearly 80,000 standard Expander® System assemblies, so chances are, there is an exact match for your needs. Expander can also offer customized pins. “Customers may call us directly or work with our sales representatives to receive information and access to our online catalog,” said Hedlund. “Once CADEX Online is opened, they can look up their specific machine brand, machine model and part number. They will find detailed drawings of that machine, and can use those drawings to identify the particular part number for the Expander® System assembly needed. The customer can then input the part number and order it online. If a new part number needs to be designed the customer can fill in the specific measurements into the online Pivot Dimension Sheet and request a quote. Once the order is received, Expander begins processing immediately to alleviate costly downtime for customers. “Products typically ship within one to five business days, depending on specifications,” said Hedlund. “If it’s something in stock that doesn’t require additional processes, it’s on the way in about 24 hours.” World Mining Magazine


No More Line Boring


The Expander®System installs directly into worn pivots without the need for costly welding and line boring – even if holes are worn oval. Each assembly is designed to fit your specific machine make, model and position. The assembly pin-body is tapered at both ends, and when the fasteners are tightened, the tension washers force the expansion sleeves into the worn lug holes. The sleeves conform with the wear pattern to permanently eliminate the wear problem, so you get a perfect fit every time. Stop endlessly replacing pins, and opt for a long-term solution that will expand your bottom line – The Expander®System.

See how it works

Contact Expander today to find the perfect-size pins for your mining equipment. The Global Leader in Pivot Engineering

Sweden: Expander System Sweden AB +46-(0)120-299 00

Germany: Expander Deutschland GmbH +49(0)611-97445707

USA: Expander Americas Inc. +1-888-935-3884 WM16

Innovative Solutions


Safety & protection for operators & environment in the most difďƒžcult working conditions

DOK-ING Ltd. Kanalski put 1, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia T +385 1 2481 300 / F +385 1 2481 303



Advanced ION EXCHANGE Technology Why use ION - IX ? TM

ION-IXTM is the ideal new system for: ●

Highest recovery of precious metals Steady product & efluent stream Reduced chemical and water usage Lowest O&M costs

Major benefits of the ION-IXTM System are: ●

Reduced chemical & water usage Lower waste volumes, higher concentration of metals recovered Compact footprint Reduced resin inventory Flow rates of up to 500 m3/h per valve possible

Elution profile with metals separated by ION-IXTM

Dikberd 14 unit 10A ● B-2200 Herentals ● Belgium Tel & Fax: +32 (0) 14 70 50 41 ●

ION-IX Hydrometallurgy TM

Advanced ION EXCHANGE Technology Nickel / Cobalt

Zinc Recovery


Copper Recovery

Nickel Laterite

Rare Earth

What Puritech does... Plant design The engineering of continuous countercurrent ion exchangers CCIX includes: ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ●

PFD & mass balance Process & Instrument Diagram Technical data sheets 3D design Piping & vessel drawings Electrical & instrumentation Commissioning Start-up

Pilot trials & Process Development Puritech has developed a process design simulation package. This software package allows us to calculate process performance before pilot trials. We have several pilot systems available for: ● ● ● ● ●

Optimising of existing process applications Developing new hydrometallurgy applications Obtaining data for a full size production plant Testing of different types of resin Providing proof of high performance

Copper Recovery Advantages of ION-IXTM System over solvent extraction for copper recovery are: ● ● ● ● ●

Lower capital and operating cost No fire hazards No crud formation or handling Much smaller footprint No strong electrolyte post-treatment

After electrolyse, copper can be extracted from the solution.


What Puritech builds... Nickel Laterite Nickel is a hard, silver white metal. It is mainly used in the manufacturing of stainless steel, steel alloys and superalloys. Nickel laterite can be found in large amounts in the tropics and comprises 73% of the world nickel resources.

Nickel - Cobalt Separation A 200 m3/h Ni/Co Separation plant has been designed and installed in Africa by Puritech. By using a split elution, the Nickel is separated from the Cobalt stream. A double or triple adsorption zone allows removing the desired metal almost completely.

Zinc Recovery The Zinc chloride can be removed from pickling acid. ZnCl2 will form a stable complex which is removed by anion resin. The resin is afterwards eluted with water.

Uranium & Rare Earth Applications Hydrometallurgy is used more and more as the first choice to recover precious metals. Some of the applications are: Uranium Lithium Rhenium Germanium Gold & silver ● ● ● ● ●


world mining directory the directory for the global mining industries communications & data processing

electrical equipment

Doran Manufacturing Lee Demis Director of Business Development 2851 Massachusetts Avenue Cincinnati, OH 45225 Ph: (513) 699-6230 Email: Web:

Formed in 1997, Canary Systems provides integrated geo-monitoring solutions for a broad range of mining applications, including open pit, tailings, SW-EX, and underground. We help clients better manage risk, monitor performance, and increase the safety of their operations by tying together the

Established in 1953, Cincinnati, Ohio based Doran Manufacturing LLC. is a global leader in tire pressure monitoring systems and other transportation safety technology. Doran 360TM TPMS continuously monitor tire pressure and temperature data using wireless valve stem-mounted tire pressure sensors. Doran TPMS data can be integrated with telematics to communicate tire pressure and temperature data off equipment via wifi, gps and more for remote visibility of tire data. LumAware Advanced Photoluminescent safety products include Personal Protective Equipment (PPE – Helmets, Safety Vests) Exit Signage and more that makes workers performing tasks in low light/no light conditions safer, and illuminates exits and escapeways in emergencies.

loose ends: the hardware required for automatic or semi-automatic data acquisition – and the software to collect, store, and analyze data in a simple and efficient way on a single combined powerful platform.


We provide turnkey solutions – including system architecture, hardware and software development, telemetry, and instrumentation – as well as individual components customized to and augmenting existing project needs.

Canary Systems, Inc. Mining Group 4732 Oracle Road, Suite 112 Tucson, AZ 85705 USA Tel: 520.887.9800

drilling & blasting

Formed in 1997, Canary Systems provides integrated geo-monitoring solutions for a broad range of mining applications, including open pit, tailings, SW-EX, and underground. We help clients better manage risk, monitor performance, and increase the safety of their operations by tying together the loose ends: the hardware required for automatic or semi-automatic data acquisition – and the software to collect, store, and analyze data in a simple and efficient way on a single combined powerful

Dyno Nobel 2795 East Cottonwood Parkway Suite 500 Salt Lake City, UT 84121 Phone: 800-732-7534 Fax: 801-328-6452 Email: Customers in the mining industry choose Dyno Nobel for quality products, reliable service and technical expertise. Dyno Nobel is the market leader in North America with facilities in Australia, Canada, the United States, Indonesia, Mexico, South America and Papua New Guinea. With a customer driven focus, Dyno Nobel develops practical products that will benefit customers in real time. Customers can count on real solutions to their pain points of today, helping them to reduce costs and increase production. Renowned for excellent safety performance and innovative explosive products and services, Dyno Nobel continuously delivers groundbreaking performance through practical innovation.

  World Mining Magazine


platform. We provide turnkey solutions – including system architecture, hardware and software development, telemetry, and instrumentation – as well as individual components customized to and augmenting existing project needs.

Canary Systems, Inc. Mining Group 4732 Oracle Road, Suite 112 Tucson, AZ 85705 USA Tel: 520.887.9800

• World Mining Directory mineral processing

GEA Group Peter-Müller-Str. 12 40468 Düsseldorf Germany Tel +49 211 9136-0 GEA is one of the largest supplier for process technology and components for sophisticated production processes for many industries worldwide. Across a broad range of mining and mineral operations, GEA offers technologies, equipment & services in evaporation and crystallization, drying, cooling, calcining and conditioning, classification, thickening and dewatering, crud treatment and solvent extraction and wastewater management.

Salter Cyclones Salter Cyclones specialises in fine solids removal with its own Hydrocyclones and Multi-Gravity Separators. These achieve powerful and precise separations in practical, compact, reliable, operator friendly and economic systems. Salter Cyclones Limited Tel: + 44 1242 697771 Fax: + 44 1242 690895 Email: Web:


MINPRO International have subsidiary offices in 4 countries all of which have the same business, supplying mineral processing equipment and engineering for the mineral processing industry worldwide. Our main products are AKER Flotation Machines; Hydraulic Roller Mills, Semi Mobile Modular Concentrators, Hydro Cyclone Batteries as well as Polyurethane wear parts for the mineral processing industry. We deliver complete new mineral processing installations, renovation and upgrade existing mineral processing plants, retrofitting the AKER flotation mechanisms in existing flotation machines as well as engineering services and consultancy

Tel: +48 515 368 833 Minpro International Sp. z o.o.

Want to advertise in the World Mining Directory for 12 months? • Small Advertisement (12 month placement) Total price: £395.00 • Large Advertisement (12 month placement) Total price: £495.00 For more information please contact mining equipment rentals

United Mining Rentals (UMR) was born out of a specific niche in the market for both short and longer term rentals for both new and used, Sandvik & Getman equipment for both underground & surface mining and also tunnelling applications. Coupled with +35 years of experience in the mining business, UMR provides both sales and rental of new & used mobile equipment for various mining & tunnelling operations across the world. In addition, our sister company, QME Mining Services Division (which operates as an International mining and tunnelling contractor), also operates a large fleet of predominately Sandvik equipment.

Tel. +353 (0)87 149 1945

mining technology

Adrok is a cutting edge service technology company headquartered in Edinburgh, Scotland, with exclusive global patents to Atomic Dielectric Resonance (ADR) imaging technology. This innovative technology has been developed for use in Oil and Gas, Mining and Civil Engineering sectors. Adrok’s technology has been used in several projects around the world to explore the sub-surface geology and locate accurately and identify precisely the fluids present at great depths providing high resolution without drilling the underground. This subsurface imaging scanner generates ‘virtual borehole’ logs of subsurface geology from the surface. It is lightweight, field rugged and portable, to enable cost-effective mobilisation.

49-1 West Bowling Green Street Edinburgh, EH6 5NX (Scotland, UK) Tel: +44(0) 131 555 6662 Email: Website:

World Mining Magazine


world mining directory process water treatment


GEA Group Peter-Müller-Str. 12 40468 Düsseldorf Germany Tel +49 211 9136-0 GEA is one of the largest supplier for process technology and components for sophisticated production processes for many industries worldwide. Across a broad range of mining and mineral operations, GEA offers technologies, equipment & services in evaporation and crystallization, drying, cooling, calcining and conditioning, classification, thickening and dewatering, crud treatment and solvent extraction and wastewater management.

Formed in 1997, Canary Systems provides integrated geo-monitoring solutions for a broad range of mining applications, including open pit, tailings, SW-EX, and underground. We help clients better manage risk, monitor performance, and increase the safety of their operations by tying together the loose ends: the hardware required for automatic or semi-automatic data acquisition – and the software to collect, store, and analyze data in a simple and efficient way on a single combined powerful platform. We provide turnkey solutions – including system architecture, hardware and software development, telemetry, and instrumentation – as well as individual components customized to and augmenting existing project needs.

Canary Systems, Inc. Mining Group 4732 Oracle Road, Suite 112 Tucson, AZ 85705 USA Tel: 520.887.9800

Salter Cyclones specialises in fine solids removal with its own Hydrocyclones and Multi-Gravity Separators. These achieve powerful and precise separations in practical, compact, reliable, operator friendly and economic systems.


Salter Cyclones Limited Tel: + 44 1242 697771 Fax: + 44 1242 690895 Email: Web:

scales & weighing equipment

IVAC Industrial Vacuum Systems Ltd., manufactures a powerful pneumatic powered vacuum/ delivery system that allows you to pick-up and deliver your most difficult materials. The materials can be wet or dry including gravel, sand, slimes, sludge’s and water. The powerful, virtually maintenance free vacuum system is able to deliver the materials short or long distances, even up too kilometres through a pipeline or hose. Its is ideal for sump & ditch clean-up, tanks, under conveyors, around crushers and mills anywhere shovels, vacuum trucks or water hoses are being used for your clean-ups today!

Contact: Brad Fryburger +1 248 680 0320 Website:

  World Mining Magazine


IVAC Industrial Vacuum Systems Ltd. 35-111 Chartrand Avenue, Logan Lake, BC V0K 1W0 Canada Phone 604-628-3367 Email

What can United Mining Rentals offer your company? At a time when fiscal responsibility is becoming exponentially more important, in an industry where the highest safety standards and productivity must be maintained, providing your operation with the best fleet at a minimal cost is fundamental to any successful and profitable business. United Mining Rentals (UMR) has over 30 years of experience in the Mining & Tunnelling Industry and we are proud to offer rental and ownership opportunities for the full range of new Sandvik and Normet equipment. We trust you will find the product that suits your Mining or Tunnelling operation, backed by the numerous advantages associated with theUMR rental, or rent with an option to purchase models that will reduce cost of ownership and help maintain productivity.

Our full range of new Sandvik and Normet products are backed with full Factory Warranty, Technical Support, OEM Parts and a global network of local and regional OEM service centres. With such a robust range of support services, renting with UMR reduces maintenance costs and guarantees availability hence improving productivity for our customers whilst also eliminating rebuild down time. Striving to provide quality at a reasonable price, UMR offers an innovative model of flexible rental or rental/purchase options tailored to suit every kind of end user in the Tunnelling and Mining industries, allowing customers to avoid tying up capital and invest it in the future purchase of rented equipment. Our rental/purchase option offers an attractive allowance for paid rentals against pre-agreed purchase price easing upfront capital spending and is a way of investing in the ownership of the Equipment at a pre-determined date.

For all mining equipment rentals visit

EUROPE United Mining Rentals Ltd. Coolfore Road, Ardbraccan, Navan, Co. Meath, C15 KXY3, Ireland.

NORTH AMERICA United Mining Rentals Ltd. Suite 1200, 220 Bay Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5J 2W4, Canada.

Tel: +353 87 1491945 Tel: +1 647 267 8193 Email: Our philosophy at UMR is simple – Downtime costs money. This philosophy inspired our aim to provide solutions to one of the major contributors of downtime in the mining and tunnelling industries: low availability of equipment. To ensure our customers don’t experience any downtime, we offer rentals and rent to purchase plans for new Sandvik and Normet equipment on a global basis, making use of the vast network of Worldwide Service Centres provided by two of the world leaders in Mining and Tunnelling Equipment. We also offer the option of bridging units to keep our customer’s operations running smoothly until their new rental unit arrives. We recognise that each customer has different requirements so we offer very flexible terms. Our first option is rent to purchase which allows for purchase of the equipment following a minimum one year rental period with a percentage of the rental payments deductible from the pre-agreed purchase price. Another option we offer is variable term rental from a minimum of 1 year upwards allowing the customer long term rental, consisting of 2-3 years allowing the customer to return the equipment with no commitment to purchase. We also offer a “Rolling Replacement” option, which allows the customer to return equipment to UMR following a 3 year rental and replace with new equipment for another 3 year term or pre-agreed period.

RENTALS AVAILABLE: Trucks and Loaders Underground Drilling & Bolting Roadheaders Exploration & Surface Drilling Lifting & Installations Scaling & Charging Underground Logistics Spraying

Our business model is designed with Mining Companies & Tunnelling Contractors in mind, who often have short or long term contracts, as well as Start-up mining operations which may wish to defer spending capital on expensive equipment for use in another area until positive cash flow is realized. Fixed rental payments simplify budget planning, and can be 100% Tax deductible against business income. By using a reliable rental provider such as UMR for a long term rental the costs of acquiring, running and maintaining the right equipment for the job can be greatly reduced, as renting equipment can generate significant savings by avoiding depreciation, the total cost of the purchase price, and unnecessary unit and component rebuild costs. UMR Equipment comes with a managed service tailored to each customer’s requirements covering bridging units, full technical support and immediate reaction to warranty issues ensuring availability at all times. Making that vital decision whether to buy or rent is not just a matter of budget, but of business strategy. So weigh up the numbers, and make the right decision for your business.

For all mining equipment rentals visit

World Mining Magazine  

Issue 16. Cover Story: BHP Billiton

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