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GET OUT & ENJOY: GROUNDS FOR SCULPTURE AT 25 NEW JERSEY’S NATIONAL PARKS SHARK RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF PRINCETON DESTINATION: RED BANK IN THE PINE BARRENS, FOLLOWING MCPHEE

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GALLERY

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PUBLISHER J. Robert Hillier, FAIA EDITOR-IN-CHIEF Lynn Adams Smith CREATIVE DIRECTOR Jorge Naranjo ART DIRECTOR Jeffrey Edward Tryon GRAPHIC DESIGNERS Matthew DiFalco Erica Cardenas

Opening Reception: July 7th 6:00 to 8:00 pm

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PHOTOGRAPHERS Jeffrey Edward Tryon Charles R. Plohn CONTRIBUTING EDITORS Stuart Mitchner Laurie Pellichero Anne Levin Wendy Plump Ellen Gilbert Donald H. Sanborn III Doug Wallack Sarah Emily Gilbert Taylor Smith ADVERTISING DIRECTOR Robin Broomer ACCOUNT MANAGERS Jennifer Covill Joann Cella Andrea Odezynska Charles R. Plohn Monica Sankey Erin Toto OPERATIONS MANAGER Melissa Bilyeu

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PRINCETON MAGAZINE Witherspoon Media Group 4438 Route 27 North Kingston, NJ 08528-0125 P: 609.924.5400 | F: 609.924.8818 princetonmagazine.com Correction: In the Spring 2017 issue of Princeton Magazine, the phone number listed in an ad for Metropolis Spa Salon was incorrect. To reach Metropolis Spa Salon by phone, please dial 609.683.8388. Appointment requests can also be made online by visiting metropolisspasalon.com/ request-appointment/

Princeton Magazine is published 7 times a year with a circulation of 35,000. All rights reserved. Nothing herein may be reproduced in whole or in part without written permission of the publisher. To purchase PDF files or reprints, please call 609.924.5400 or e-mail melissa.bilyeu@witherspoonmediagroup.com. ©2017 Witherspoon Media Group

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CONTENTS

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24

56

22 50

76

62

44

..... FEATURES .....

..... HERE & THERE .....

NEW JERSEY’S NATIONAL PARKS

Q&A WITH GRAHAM DENDLER, TRENTON COUNTRY CLUB

BY WENDY PLUMP

No more reason not to go 14

GROUNDS FOR SCULPTURE BY LAURIE PELLICHERO

Celebrating its 25th anniversary 22

IN THE PINE BARRENS, FOLLOWING MCPHEE BY DOUG WALLACK

Looking back half a century after John McPhee

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PRINCETON PANTRY 29

SUSTAINING SHARKS WORLDWIDE BY TAYLOR SMITH

Shark Research Institute of Princeton 32

DESTINATION: RED BANK

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BY SARAH EMILY GILBERT

SERVING ON THE SQUAD

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BY ANNE LEVIN

A first taste of medicine with the Princeton First Aid & Rescue Squad 50

“I HEAR MY PEOPLE,” DEEPLY AND CLEARLY BY WENDY PLUMP

A story of Princeton from two right angles

The city by the sea OPPORTUNITY LOST BY ELLEN GILBERT

Defunding the Family Empowerment Program without explanation 62

MARK YOUR CALENDAR

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66

“A MAN OF NOTES”

FASHION & DESIGN

BY DONALD H. SANBORN III

Broadway orchestrator Don Walker 68

Ship Ahoy! 40

PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF PRINCETON; DANIEL CLAYMAN: RADIANT LANDSCAPE, GLASS INSTALLATIONS AT GROUNDS FOR SCULPTURE. PHOTOGRAPHY BY JEFFREY E. TRYON AND CHARLES R. PLOHN; IMAGE COURTESY OF TRENTON COUNTRY CLUB; IMAGE COURTESY OF PRINCETON FIRST AID & RESCUE SQUAD; SHUTTERSTOCK.COM

SUMMER 2017 | GET OUT & ENJOY!

A well-designed life 74, 76

ON THE COVER: Daniel Clayman: Radiant Landscape, glass installations at Grounds For Sculpture. Photography by Jeffrey E. Tryon and Charles R. Plohn.

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SPH-1791 Spring 2017 Leapfrog Ad 10x12_SPH-1791 Spring 2017 Leapfrog Ad 10x12 5/10/17 4:36 PM Page 1

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| FROM THE ADVERTISING DIRECTOR

Dear readers,

Experiences are endless in this town. For those of us fortunate enough to live in Princeton, we can all agree that there’s no other place like it. But let’s face it, the Garden State as a whole is pretty incredible, and that’s why we dedicated this issue of Princeton Magazine to showcasing the very best places to Get Out and Enjoy this summer! In this issue you’ll find great ways to escape for the day by learning about the amazing National Parks of New Jersey, John McPhee’s Pine Barrens, Red Bank — the City by the Sea, and Grounds For Sculpture, the Hamilton gem now celebrating its 25th anniversary. If the plan is to stay local, read all about the Shark Research Institute

Photography by jeffrey e. tryon

As my two young sons like to say, summer is the BEST time of year! My boys are 8 and 10 and, of course, for them summer means no school (no offense Littlebrook Elementary!). While their reasons might be different than mine, I have to agree with them. Summertime means life can be lived outdoors, and what better place to get out and enjoy than Princeton.

Witherspoon Media Group’s advertising team: (FROM LEFT) Robin Broomer, Erin Toto, Andrea Odezynska, Jennifer Covill, Monica Sankey, Charles R. Plohn, and Joann Cella.

which, funny enough, was founded and is based right here in Princeton. Talk about getting out and about, please meet the Witherspoon Media Group advertising team. We are the ground forces behind Princeton Magazine, Town Topics Newspaper, and Urban Agenda Magazine. We strive to share the town’s story through our relationships with local businesses and vendors. To the businesses, we won’t just sell you an ad — we are dedicated to being your partner in success. To you the reader, in addition to the stories, please note what our advertisers have to offer you. Enjoy and look for us around town. We would also love to further promote businesses on our websites and Instagram and Facebook pages, so flag us down when you see us.

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Bob Hillier, Lynn Adams Smith and I wish you a very happy summer. Now get out and enjoy! Best regards,

Robin Broomer, Advertising Director

W

www.princetonmagazine.com www.princetonmagazinestore.com www.urbanagendamagazine.com www.towntopics.com www.facebook.com/princetonmagazine www.facebook.com/urbanagendamagazine www.facebook.com/towntopics @princeton_magazine @urban_agenda_magazine @towntopics

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images courtesy of shutterstock.com Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area

New Jersey’s National Parks: No More Reason Not To Go by Wendy Plump On a recent train ride home from Boston, surrounded by people tapping at computers and staring into cell phones, as well as my own pile of devices, the meaning of serenity asserted itself. It wasn’t gained by answering emails or texts or squinting through news feeds, but by looking out the window at miles and miles of wild coastline and coves, a great gray ocean, and a marbled sky. Every seabird scratching in the sand or stand of evergreens leaning out of the wind served to remind me that this is what saves. 14 |

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Lower Delaware National Wild and Scenic River

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Sandy Hook Light at Sandy Hook/Gateway National Recreation Area

Appalachian Trail National Scenic Trail

ew Jersey is a populous state: people, cities, turnpikes, superfund sites. Mercifully, there is remedy in the form of stunning natural beauty to restore equanimity. To be specific, 12 remedies. Parks, trails, or sites overseen by or considered part of the National Park Service grace the Garden State from stem to stern. You own these places by virtue of your tax dollars and those forward-thinking souls who packaged the parks up neatly for us after the Organic Act—which created the National Park Service—passed in 1916. Given the political climate, it seems as good a time as any to remind us what that Act sought to do: “… to conserve the scenery and the natural and historic objects and the wildlife therein and to provide for the enjoyment of the same in such manner and by such means as will leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations.”

Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area This National Park Service distinction is shared with Pennsylvania, which borders the other side of the Delaware River. It seems silly to list the outdoor activities you can undertake in the Water Gap: what can’t you do with 70,000 acres of breathtaking scenery, 40 miles of river, and 100 miles of scenic roadway? One of the most popular hikes in New Jersey is the divine slog up Mt. Tammany, 1,527 feet high, about a mile to the top on one of two trails. And when you get up there, you have views of Arrowhead Island and Mt. Minsi on the Pennsylvania side and a reminder that, as primates, we were born to climb.

Here is the list of New Jersey’s 12 National Park Service gems. It’s summer. Get out there. Check them all off your list. And while I’m not suggesting you actually do this, imagine how emancipating it would be to throw your cell phones out the car window on the way to the Pine Barrens. They would be covered with sand in under a week. Appalachian Trail National Scenic Trail The 2,180-mile Appalachian Trail, also known as the Footpath of the People, passes through New Jersey for 72 miles from the Delaware Water Gap to High Point State Park, and on into New York. Elevation ranges from 350 feet to 1,685 feet in a series of short, steep, rocky pitches alternating with bogs and wetlands. Rated easy to moderate within the Garden State, the AT enters New Jersey at the Delaware Water Gap, heads north along the Kittatinny Ridge to High Point, then east through Pochuck Valley. It would take an estimated five to six days to walk the New Jersey section. Wildlife is abundant with hawks and eagles, bears, rattlesnakes, and passerines galore.

Ellis Island, Part of the Statue of Liberty National Monument More than 12 million steerage and third-class steamship passengers who came to the United States through the New York port were legally and medically inspected here between 1892 and 1954. The National Park Service estimates that some 40 percent of America’s population can trace their ancestry through Ellis Island. Walk around the park and imagine what it was like to land here, the welcoming portal to a (hopefully) kinder nation. The Ellis Island Museum of Immigration has three floors of history, and photographs that will make you yearn for your forebears. Sandy Hook/Gateway National Recreation Area With 27,000 acres along the ocean, including bays in New Jersey, Brooklyn, Queens, and Staten Island, the Gateway allows New Jersey to lay claim to just a small piece of this national recreation area: Sandy Hook in Monmouth County. A 2,044-acre barrier beach peninsula at the northern tip of the Jersey Shore, Sandy Hook offers seven miles of beaches, salt marshes, hiking trails, a maritime holly forest, and Sandy Hook Lighthouse. In comparison with the rest of the Gateway, it’s vest-pocket small. But we’ll take it.

The Statue of Liberty National Monument on Ellis Island. summer 2017 PRINCETON MAGAZINE

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Great Egg Harbor River This 129-mile river system in the Pinelands starts from a trickle in Berlin and blossoms and blooms all the way down to the Atlantic Ocean. The system pulls water from 17 tributaries along its length, and nearly all of it lies within the Pinelands National Reserve. Local jurisdictions continue to administer the lands, a unique feature of this wet and wild place. With an abundance of waterfowl nesting groups, the river system is one of the great birdwatching sites on the East Coast. Backpacking and hiking, boating, camping, and kayaking are also rewarding. The NPS website points out that there are two components to the river system: sand and water. The sand was deposited by an ancient river 20 million years ago. The water seeps through the sand to form one of North America’s largest underground reservoirs.

image courtesy of emily reeves

Paterson Great Falls National Historical Park

Lower Delaware National Wild and Scenic River The Lower “D” became part of the park service in 2000. From the headwaters in Hancock, N.Y. down to Delaware Bay, the Delaware is the largest freeflowing river in the eastern United States, although just the Water Gap to Washington Crossing has been designated New Jersey’s portion of the wild and scenic river. After the hiking and the boating and the walks along the Delaware and Raritan Canal, the river towns along its banks prove that river residents in Milford, Re-enactors at Princeton Battlefield State Park, part of Washington-Rochambeau National Historic Trail

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images courtesy of shutterstock.com

Pinelands National Reserve

Thomas Edison’s home, Glenmont

Frenchtown, Stockton, and Lambertville are a thriving breed apart, and just may deserve a wild and scenic designation of their own. Morristown National Historical Park This is the nation’s first National Historic Park and commemorates the encampment of General George Washington and the Continental Army from December 1779 to June of 1780, one of the coldest, most brutal winters on record. Four historical sites comprise the park: Jockey Hollow, the Ford Mansion, Fort Nonsense, and the New Jersey Brigade Encampment site. The park hosts an annual encampment weekend each spring. A museum and library collection round out the offerings. New Jersey Coastal Heritage Trail This is a part-and-parcel trail stretching 300 miles through the shore with historic villages, boardwalks, and lighthouses scattered along the way. From Raritan Bay in Perth Amboy to Deepwater near the Delaware Memorial Bridge, the heritage trail runs through five regions and includes one of the nation’s oldest operating lighthouses, the state’s official tall ship, and the town where revolutionaries burned British tea.

Pinelands National Reserve More than a million acres of forests, wetlands, and farms span seven southern counties to form the Pinelands. The area has been classified as a biosphere reserve (there are under 50 in the United States) and, in 1978, was named the country’s first National Reserve. While it contains 56 communities, from hamlets to suburbs, with 700,000 permanent residents, the Pinelands also enclose some of southern New Jersey’s wildest environs. Paterson Great Falls National Historical Park The newest national park for New Jersey—and slightly at-odds with the others’ emphasis on natural beauty—this park commemorates an industrial historic district, once called the Cradle of American Industry. Everything from cotton and silk, to locomotives, to paper, airplanes, and all manner of widgets were produced here. Paterson was America’s first planned industrial city, centered around and in part fueled by the Great Falls of the Passaic River, standing at 77 feet high. A lovely footbridge spans the Passaic. Walk over it for a good misting.

Thomas Edison National Historic Park This is the West Orange home of America’s greatest inventor, where the machines and pulleys of his laboratory, once active for 40 years, are still on view. Edison earned 1,093 patents, but his three most famous inventions were the electric light system, the phonograph, and motion pictures. While it is not quite true that he invented the lightbulb, it is true that he perfected the first practical incandescent lightbulb; his applied invention enabled it to burn for hours and hours. His home, Glenmont, which he purchased in 1886 with his wife Mina for their family, is huge and every bit as whimsical-looking as we could wish. Washington-Rochambeau National Historic Trail General George Washington and General Rochambeau joined the fighting men of the Continental Army and the French expeditionary force in 1781 to defeat the British, marching from New York to Virginia where they trapped the British Army under the command of General Cornwallis. Their famous collaboration resulted in the victory at Yorktown in the largest troop movement of the Revolutionary War. In 2009, their route was designated a National Historic Trail. As it runs through New Jersey, the route takes in the Thomas Clarke House in Princeton Battlefield State Park.

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GROUNDS FOR SCULPTURE AT 25 By Laurie Pellichero

F

ounded by artist and philanthropist J. Seward Johnson, Grounds For Sculpture (GFS) has welcomed more than two million guests since it opened to the public in 1992. The 42-acre sculpture park, museum, and arboretum features a unique collection of contemporary sculpture, special programs, and seasonally-rotating exhibitions in six indoor galleries. In honor of its 25th anniversary, GFS has opened five new exhibitions for its Spring/Summer Exhibition Season including two site-specific interior glass sculpture installations by Daniel Clayman, titled Daniel Clayman: Radiant Landscape and an exploration of space and sky with photographic collages and pastels by Elyn Zimmerman in Elyn Zimmerman: Sensitive Chaos. GFS also features “Grounds For Sculpture: 25 Years,” which celebrates the people, spaces, and things that are uniquely GFS. Through never-before-seen images, insider tales, and hands-on interaction, guests will discover more about the collections, the evolution of the grounds, and the people who have contributed to its success. In the Cecelia Joyce and Seward Johnson Gallery, “That’s Worth Celebrating: The Life and Work of the Johnson Family” focuses on the Johnson family’s passions, their belief in the spirit of innovation and the power of community, and how the founder’s vision for The Johnson Atelier Technical Institute of Sculpture shaped Grounds For Sculpture’s early years.

Two new sculptures have been installed on the grounds. Seward Johnson’s newest work, Mystical Treasure Trip, is installed in the harbor near Rat’s Restaurant and the Monet Bridge. Barton Rubenstein’s Harmonize is 16-foot-tall stainless steel kinetic sculpture which is set in motion by the lightest breeze. Also part of its 25th anniversary, GFS celebrates the power of the written word with The Typewriter Project, an interactive installation sited in the garden through September 28. “We’re inviting people to add their own voice, and enjoy typing on a vintage typewriter,” said GFS Executive Director Gary Schneider. “We focus on innovative programming, with many programs and events to extend your day into the evening,” added Schneider. “It’s great to come to the park and relax after work.” Schneider is also excited about First Fridays at GFS, held the first Friday of each month starting July 7 and running through October 6, from 5-9 PM . “Visitors can enjoy our open-air beer garden, listen to music, wander the grounds, see the art, meet artists, and take special tours of the on-site sculpture studio, The Seward Johnson Atelier.” Another reason to visit GFS at night is the Plein Air Cinema Series, with outdoor showings on select Thursday nights of family and cult favorites from 1992 including FernGully: The Last Rainforest (August 10) and Army of Darkness (September 7). Moonlight tour and dinner packages are available through Rat’s Restaurant, with guests enjoying the grounds by flashlight. “It’s quite dramatic and theatrical,” said Schneider. September 24 brings Epicurean Palette, the annual gala celebration of food and wine that helps support the exhibitions and educational initiatives at GFS. “We’re here with great events all year round,” said Schneider. Grounds For Sculpture is located at 80 Sculptors Way in Hamilton. Summer hours are Tuesday through Thursday 10 AM TO 6 PM , Friday and Saturday 10 AM TO 9PM , and Sunday 10AM TO 6PM . For more information, call 609.586.0616 or visit groundsforsculpture.org.

(FROM TOP-LEFT) Daniel Clayman, Radiant Landscape, 2017. Photo by Zach Teris for dmhphotographer.com. Bruce Beasley, Dorion, 1986, stainless steel. Photo Charles R. Plohn. The Typewriter Project. Photo by Zach Teris for dmhphotographer.com. Mystical Treasure Trip, by Seward Johnson. Photo by Jeffrey E. Tryon. Emilie Brzezinski, Lintel, 1993, bronze. Photo by David Howarth for dmhphotographer.com.

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QA &

Graham Dendler, Trenton Country Club

PM: How long have you been playing golf?

GD: I have been playing golf since I was six years old, when my parents

enrolled me in junior clinics. I started to take the game seriously around 12 years old when I began competing in junior golf tournaments.

PM: What is your favorite aspect of the game?

GD: My favorite (and sometimes least favorite!) aspect of golf is the mental aspect. Sometimes the game comes easy when you hit shots with great clarity and sometimes you cannot get out of your own way. This challenging aspect is also fun to teach. We tell our students they must come up with a plan before each shot. We often find that there is no plan at all, a hit and hope. Once a student starts to develop good plans, they start to see their scores come down! PM: What makes your course unique?

GD: I feel the course is unique because of the wide variety of holes. The par 3s range from 110 yards to 210 yards, par 4s range from 300 yards to 450 yards, and the par 5s from 455 yards to 560 yards. While the yardage on the card is short, it does not feel that way when you complete the round. We also feel the club is unique because of all it offers for the whole family. In addition to the golf, we have tennis, the pool, and a wide variety of social events for the entire family. TCC is celebrating our 120th Anniversary this year.

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PM: What is your favorite hole on the course and why?

GD: My favorite hole on the golf course is the Par 5 7th hole. The green complex is

elevated from the fairway and I like the way the bunkers and green look from the fairway. The green is very challenging as it slopes away in the front. It is a short par 5, but always seems to play challenging.

PM: What type of equipment do you recommend?

GD: I use Callaway equipment and like them because of the innovations they have in their equipment. The new Callaway Epic Driver is awesome! PM: Have you ever competed professionally?

GD: I competed is some mini tour events right after graduating from Penn State. Currently, I compete regularly in Philadelphia PGA events and other professional events like the NJSGA State Open and Philadelphia Open. PM: Name some tips and tricks that you can share with our readers to help them to develop their game.

GD: The number one way for most golfers to lower their score is to work on their short games. We teach a motto in our clinics “3 or less.” Once you ball is within 50 to 100 yards of the greens, you should be able to get the ball on the green and 2 putt or 1 putt. If most golfers could do this more consistently their scores would come down. Dedicate practice time to the short game. If you have an hour to practice, come up with a practice plan before you get out of your car. For example, today I am going to practice putting for 20 minutes, chipping and pitching for 20 minutes, and bunkers for 20 minutes. Yes, it is OK to have a day of practice without hitting balls. We find that most players go right to the range and any short game practice is an afterthought. Trenton Country Club 201 Sullivan Way, West Trenton, NJ 08628 609.883.3800 | ww.trentoncc.com

IMAGES COURTESY OF TRENTON COUNTRY CLUB

T

renton Country Club features many amenities including an 18-hole championship golf course, world-class instructors, and a pro shop. Set in the Delaware River Basin, the course is lined with large oaks and manicured greens. Trenton Country Club’s offerings have grown in recent years to include active ladies and junior programs. Competitive and social events, such as GAP Matches, Member/Guest Tournaments, 9-Hole Scotches, and Family Tournaments all add to a thriving culture and love of the game. Below, Head Golf Professional Graham Dendler shares advice and insights on the course with Princeton Magazine.

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4. Cherry Grove Farm: A repertoire of raw and pasteurized farmstead cows’ cheeses from Buttercup Brie to Lawrenceville Jack to 18-month-aged Havilah. 609.219.0053; cherrygrovefarm.com 5. Elements Truffles: Ayurveda inspired artisanal chocolate made with no dairy, refined sugar, soy preservatives, gluten, or GMOs. 917.836.2819; elementstruffles.com 6. Hopewell Valley Vineyards: Support Autism Pinot Grigio, an estate-grown, light, crisp, and aromatic summer delight. 609.737.4465; hopewellvalleyvineyards.com

7. Terra Momo Olive Oil: Exclusively packed for the Terra Momo Restaurant Group and served at each location. 609.688.0188; terramomobread.com 8. Squirrel & The Bee: Grain- and gluten-free treats including cookies, muffins, granola, cakes, cupcakes, loaves and rolls, “beegels,” and more. 973.376.4888; squirrelandthebee.com 9. First Field: A family-owned company committed to working with regional farmers to make high-quality, shelf-stable pantry staples. first-field.com

10. Peace Valley Lavender Farm: Local raw Lavender Infused Honey and Organic Culinary Lavender. 215.249.8462; peacevalleylavender.com 11. Maddalenas Cheesecake: Gourmet cheesecake from a local family business of 35 years, made with 100 percent real dairy ingredients and pure bourbon vanilla. For fundraising opportunities, call 609.466.7510; www.maddalenascatering.com

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PRINCETON MAGAZINE SUMMER 2017

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Amrik Rug Gallery NO PRICE BEATS A WHOLESALE PRICE! BUY RUG AT WHOLESALE PRICE AND SAVE UP TO 75% OR MORE coMPareD to retaiL Price amrik rug Gallery has been in the oriental rug wholesale & retail business for many years supplying handmade rugs to retail stores and to the public. at the end of 2016 the company took over the whole inventory of the now out of Business Rug & Decor at 210 Nassau Street in Princeton, NJ. the art & Value of rug Weaving the ancient tradition of rug weaving (hand knotted) dates back to 500 Bc when artisans began creating elaborate and intricate rugs that told a story. our deep admiration and appreciation for the art is why we still take the time to hand tie each knot. We believe that such rugs are not only a timeless treasure that can become the heart and soul of any room, but are also very healthy because they are made of natural materials such as natural wool, silk or wool & silk and cotton not synthetic chemical materials and last a long time.

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SUSTAINING SH RKS WORLDWIDE THE SHARK RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF PRINCETON BY TAYLOR SMITH

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Great White Shark, photograph by Amos Nachoum.

T

he Shark Research Institute (SRI) was founded in Princeton, Permanent field offices are maintained in the United States, Canada, New Jersey in 1991 as a center of scientific research. The South Africa, and Australia, while seasonal offices are located in the organization maintains field offices across the world in places as Caribbean, Costa Rica, East Africa, India, the Philippines, and throughout far reaching as Mozambique and India. the Pacific. SRI is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit with the mission Levine said that current research focuses on of studying and protecting sharks and their “DNA studies and satellite and radio tracking of natural habitats. SRI and its scientific research sharks.” These research techniques enable scientists team aim to correct misconceptions about to determine where in the world to focus their sharks and instead teach the general population conservation efforts; in other words, where sharks to value sharks as a vital part of the global are at the highest risk. ecosystem. Current shark culture is shaped by many factors, Marie Levine, executive director at SRI, including the popular 1975 film Jaws, based on oversees the day-to-day running of the various Peter Benchley’s 1974 novel of the same name. networks of scientists, field researchers, members, Benchley later became a fierce advocate of marine and donors that are involved in current SRI conservation and was one of SRI’s strongest conservation projects. supporters. Levine is quick to point out that the SRI is While sharks do bite humans, Levine argues that the oldest shark conservation organization in “surfers and swimmers forget that they are in the the United States. While some scientists are shark’s habitat. Most often, bites occur when a shark marine biologists and shark behaviorists, many is suddenly confronted by a human, as when a surfer others “represent most branches of science, from jumps off his of her board directly into a shark’s genetics to medicine and physics, computer path. A shark cannot swim backward, causing the science, education, law, and history. This diversity frightened animal to lash out in defense.” of perspectives may be our greatest strength.” Under the constraints of low visibility a shark She goes on to say that they even have a few may mistake the foot of a surfer for a fish. filmmakers on staff. Sharks also learn to find food where they can, So, how did the first major center of shark and fishermen often throw bait and chum off of research in the United States come to be located in piers and along beaches where swimmers may be Princeton? The answer lies partially with Princeton only a short distance away. University. It was Princeton University faculty Lastly, curiosity plays a role in many shark attacks. Whale Shark, photograph by Shutterstock. members and fellows of the storied Explorers Club “Like all animals, a shark is born with instincts and that came together with the desire to conduct and sponsor research on sharks learns how to survive by exploring its environment,” said Levine. “Lacking and to promote their protection. As word on the creation of SRI got out, many hands, a shark will use it’s mouth to examine a foreign object, which seems to divers from the Princeton area wanted to get involved. Thus, SRI was born. explain why most bites are committed by teenage sharks.” (OPPOSITE) Manta Ray, photographed by Jennifer Hayes. SUMMER 2017 PRINCETON MAGAZINE

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Matt Potenski, tagging Whale Sharks in Tanzania.

Whale Shark, photograph by Paul Sutherland.

Great Hammerhead Shark, photograph by Marty Snyderman.

Whale Shark Survey Team.

For nearly 25 years, SRI has maintained the Global Shark Attack File (GSAF). The website, www.sharkattackfile.net, contains an ongoing incident log with accounts of recorded shark attacks from 725 B.C. to the present. Data is compiled from onsite investigators, medical professionals, researchers, and police. SRI hopes that the GSAF will calm the nerves of fearful surfers and swimmers by proving just how infrequent shark attacks are. Also, the data shows that most victims are injured and not killed by the attacks. In defense of sharks, SRI wants the general population to understand how vital a role sharks play in the global ecosystem. Shark populations worldwide are now in steep decline, due in part to bycatch and the booming market for shark fins. According to SRI, “an estimated 73 to 100 million sharks are being slaughtered annually. Many sharks take more than a decade to reach maturity.” Sharks also have small litters and cannot reproduce at the rate needed to sustain their population. For this reason, SRI researchers warn that some species are on the fast track to extinction. What role does New Jersey play in shark fin imports? “Most of the fins imported to New Jersey are caught on the high seas from countries where there are no laws against finning,” Levine said. She explained that the fins arrive in New Jersey and are then re-exported to countries in Asia where they are used in various ways, including shark fin soup. Unfortunately, within many Asian marketplaces, People of all ages join the club. shark fins are considered a status symbol. Currently, 11 states have passed laws banning the shark fin trade. While New Jersey is not currently on that list, it may soon be thanks to the efforts of Sen. Raymond J. Lesniak, who sponsored the N.J. Shark Fin Trade Bill alongside Assemblyman Reed Gusciora.

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SRI wants to change the general population’s fears and misunderstandings towards sharks through outreach, education, and public diving expeditions. Anyone can sign up for free alerts at www.sharks.org or visit its Facebook page. SRI can also be found leading presentations at schools, marinas, surf competitions, aquariums, libraries, dive expositions, and more. They regularly reach out to legislators and other government officials. SRI Diving Expeditions in 2017 include two trips to the Afuera in July and August (July 27-31 and August 1-5). The Afuera is the largest massing of whale sharks in the world. They usually gather off the Yucatan in Mexico where they gorge on plankton and fish eggs. SRI members can sign up on the website or call 609.921.3522. Because scuba bubbles frighten the giant fish species, participants will be free diving alongside the whale sharks. SRI will be running fossil shark tooth hunts for children and adults throughout the summer. The dates and locations will soon be posted on the website. Individuals don’t need to be scuba divers to attend a shark-tagging trip in the Bay of Fundy in fall 2017. SRI members will also be notified about upcoming trips through affiliated organizations such as the Shark Research Committee (SRC). SRC welcomes divers to join them in observing white sharks at Guadalupe Island in Mexico, November 28–December 2, 2017. Want to join the SRI? Easy! Sign-up today at www.sharks.org. Membership is open to all who share the common goal of shark conservation, regardless of age, experience, or location.

PRINCETON MAGAZINE SUMMER 2017

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“With pride for all that you have accomplished, with a tinge of sadness as you leave us, and with unbridled excitement for the adventures that await you, Class of 2017, may you have fair winds and following seas for all the journeys ahead. You will be missed.” –Tom Wilschutz, Head of School Solebury School

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Bucks County Community College

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This is an attractive, pocket-friendly guide to walks on sixteen of the best trails through preserved open space in Princeton, New Jersey, and its neighboring towns. This revised edition includes eight new walks, several of which have been created on land that has been preserved since the popular guide was originally published in 2009. The guide includes detailed color maps of the trails, directions on how to get to them and where to park, and recommendations for the most scenic routes.

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See our e-books at press.princeton.edu DO NOT PRINT THIS INFORMATION PRINCETON MAGAZINE 36 PRINCETON MAGAZINE SUMMER 2017

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Red Bank The City by t he Se a by Sarah Emily Gilbert

In

the early 1800s, the southern banks of the Navesink River bustled with steamboats, sailboats, and commercial fishermen transporting shellfish and local crops to New York City. In 1908, the area was incorporated into the town of Red Bank, whose name is attributed to the clay found along its coast. Come 2017, you’ll still find sailors and fisherman along these red banks, but you’ll also find young professionals on their way to stand-up paddle yoga. Indeed, some of Red Bank’s 12,200 residents start their day floating on the Navesink River with Flow Paddle Yoga. Others grab a Rook Coffee before walking their dogs past the shops on Broad Street. Many drive fifteen minutes to the Atlantic Highlands to catch the Seastreak Ferry to Wall Street. Only five miles inland from the Atlantic

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Ocean and a 40-minute cruise to New York City, the 1.7-square-mile town of Red Bank offers urban amenities with Jersey Shore sensibilities. This “city-lite” atmosphere attracts its affluent neighbors from Fair Haven; Shrewsbury; Little Silver; Tinton Falls; and Middletown, along with tourists and young people. Come summertime, the brick streets of Red Bank are alive with people exploring its art scene. On Front Street and West Front Street, you’ll find several antique shops including the Antique Center of Red Bank, which houses over 100 dealers in two warehouses. StreetLife music and entertainment take place in the business district on Saturdays and select Thursdays in June as couples walk to nearby art galleries. An eclectic array of international artwork can be found at the Beacon Fine Arts Gallery and Chetkin Gallery, but strictly local art inhabits the walls at the non-profit Art Alliance of Monmouth County. At Gotham, a speakeasy-style lounge and gallery, fine art can be savored with a martini until 2 a.m. That allows plenty of time to see a classic or contemporary play at the Two River Theatre that opened in 1994, 68 years after the historic Count Basie Theatre. Named after Red Bank native and jazz great William James “Count” Basie, the theatre brings over 130,000 people to town annually to see big name performers. Along with musicians like Art Garfunkel, Tony Bennett, and Sheryl Crow, the Count Basie hosts locals Bruce Springsteen and Jon Bon Jovi. If you miss one of Bon Jovi’s performances, you might find him at his community kitchen, JBJ Soul Kitchen, where diners pay a cash-only donation for a meal. Casual dining options continue at Mr. Pizza Slice, Juanito’s, and Good Karma Vegan Café. For hip eateries, look for the one-word restaurants in town. For happy hour and sushi, it’s Teak; for authentic Italian, it’s Taste; for brunch, it’s Toast; for seafood, it’s Catch; and for seasonal plates, it’s Dish. For a quality beer list, head to The Dublin House or Red Rock Tap + Grill, which has outdoor rooftop dining. For a glass of wine, or sips of many, there’s Faustini Tasting Room and Wine Shop. The Molly Pitcher Inn offers a taste of history. Along with a dining room overlooking the Navesink River, the 1928 Colonial Revival style hotel has stunning rooms for weddings and other events. The same goes for its luxurious sister hotel, The Oyster Point. The lavishness continues at Garmany, a 40,000-square-foot department store complete with a tailor shop, bar and lounge, and movie theatre. A 50-foot wall of Valentino, Christian Louboutin, and Jimmy Choo shoes awaits discerning shoppers at CoCo Pari. Equally impressive are the jewels and gems at Tiffany & Co., Leonardo Jewelers, and Goldtinker. Fashion girls head to Dor L’Dor, Cabana 19, Sorella Bella, and Madison to capture that urban-beach look, while their male counterparts shop Carbone’s Clothing Co., Castello, and Urban Outfitters. Little cuties are welcomed at Lil’ Cutie Pops for all things sweet, including a kids baking club, and furry cuties are embraced at Paws for a Cause. This unique pet shop sells organic treats and toys made out of recycled materials. They only carry products made by small, American businesses, and a portion of their sales go to those who cannot afford pet care. During the warm weather months, the Jersey Shore takes the stage. Residents can reach the charming beach town of Sea Bright in twenty minutes, or go ten minutes further north to catch some rays at Sandy Hook, which is part of the Gateway National Recreation Area. If they’re looking to stay local, they can rent a rowboat from the Red Bank Marina or drop a line off of Chris’s River Plaza to catch some Navesink Blue Claws. The River Plaza neighbors The Galleria, a 1917 uniform factory that now houses boutiques, restaurants, offices, and over 30 vendors every Sunday at the Red Bank Farmers Market. There’s also the two-acre Riverside Garden Park that won several design awards since its creation in 2000. Every Thursday night in July and August, crowds are beckoned to Riverside’s Jazz in the Park by the syncopated rhythms of saxophones. On Wednesday evenings, the sounds are more peaceful as yoga or Pilates is taught on the Park’s outdoor stage during Fitness in the Park. The town keeps the energy alive with events held throughout the summer and into the fall. The five-day Indie Street Festival returns to venues across Red Bank from July 26-30 to provide emerging independent filmmakers industry opportunities, regardless of their budget size. At last year’s inaugural festival, over 75 films were screened, and the winners from each category received a minimum one-week release in New York City. Also in July is the Red Bank Sidewalk Sale, which is followed by the Red Bank Guinness Oyster Festival on September 24, marking summer’s end. As its name suggests, the annual event brings a healthy supply of oysters and beer to the town’s streets, along with music and food from local restaurants. On rainy days, the Red Bank Armory Ice Complex is available for open skating. Built in 1914, the armory originally held the National Guard’s Red Bank Calvary, but it’s now home to an ice rink and several local hockey leagues. Pac-Man and Space Invaders are ready to be played at the classic video game arcade, YESTERcades, while adventure awaits at The Trap Door Escape Room. This real-life, interactive game locks a team of people into a room and challenges them to complete a scavenger hunt that uncovers the key to the door. Luckily, the door is always open in Red Bank. Named the third-best small town in the U.S. by Smithsonian Magazine and “Best Downtown Arts District” by Discover Jersey Arts People’s Choice Awards, it’s clear that this little borough packs a big punch. Located at the intersection of New York City and the Jersey Shore, Red Bank, New Jersey is the summer destination for 2017.

photos courtesy of Red Bank RiverCenter

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In the Pine Barrens,

I

turned off Route 206 and wound my way southeast toward Chatsworth, in the heart of cranberry country. Within a few miles, the farmland—acre upon acre of wheat and corn—was swallowed up by thick forest. A few miles further, the maples, oaks, and sassafras trees that form so much of the state’s deciduous canopy yielded almost entirely to pitch pines and shortleaf pines. The road became an evergreen-lined alley stretching out into the flat distance, where heat waves shimmered above the asphalt — looking for all the world as though the Atlantic had crept some twenty miles inland of its usual home along the Jersey Shore. The drive continued this way for some time, punctuated by the the occasional bog, until I arrived — almost without warning — in the middle of Chatsworth. At the end of the Gilded Age, Chatsworth enjoyed a brief heyday as a retreat for country’s upper crust. The short-lived Chatsworth Club, established in 1904 by the Italian prince and diplomat Mario Ruspoli, included among its roster members of the Drexel, Astor, Vanderbilt, and Gould families. The town was well-connected by train, with lines leading west to Philadelphia, east to Atlantic City, and north to Red Bank and New York City. Beginning in 1929, the Blue Comet passed through Chatsworth each day on its route between Jersey City and Atlantic City, its riders lounging

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on the deck of its observation car or enjoying a steak dinner in its wood-paneled dining car. But I hadn’t come to Chatsworth to track down traces of that genteel past. I was there because, just over 50 years earlier, John McPhee had used the town as a sort of base of operations as he researched the region for a pair of New Yorker articles that would eventually become his beloved 1968 book The Pine Barrens. What is now officially designated as the Pinelands National Reserve is comprised of 1.1 million acres—fully a fifth of the state’s land area, and the first National Reserve in the country. Within that region is the largest surviving forest on the East Coast between Maine and Florida, and below it lies the 17-trilliongallon Kirkwood-Cohansey aquifer. The “Pine Barrens” are so called because early European settlers found the region’s sandy acidic soil unsuitable for the vegetables and cereals they wanted to cultivate, but in terms of ecology, the Pinelands are hardly barren. According to the Pinelands Preservation Alliance, the area’s forests and wetlands are home to 1,000 species of native flowering plants, 280 mosses, 34 mammal species (including black bears and bobcats), 24 amphibian species, 30 reptile species, and 144 bird species. “I was in the pines because I found it hard to believe that so much wilderness

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Following McPhee by Doug Wallack

could still exist so near the big Eastern cities,” McPhee writes in his book. And indeed, even for many Garden State natives, the Pine Barrens are now what they were initially for McPhee then: an enormous blank spot on the map of the state, passed over as the eye is drawn almost inexorably toward New York or Philadelphia — or perhaps to the shore, depending on the season. When the idea of writing on the Pines struck, McPhee was 33 and had lived nearly his entire life in New Jersey. After publishing a breakout New Yorker profile on Bill Bradley (then a star basketball player at Princeton University), McPhee, then nominally a staff writer for the magazine, was camped out in his garage in Princeton, wracking his brain for his next story. Then, as he related by phone, “When a high school friend of mine said, ‘You ought to write about the Pine Barrens,’ I said, ‘The what?’” His friend relayed fantastic rumors about the region, including word of a mile-deep hole in the ground there. His interest piqued, McPhee drove his Peugeot (“which the sand roads destroyed”) down to the Pines, often hanging around Buzby’s General Store in Chatsworth, talking with the townspeople and the cranberry growers and fire watchers who filtered through, tagging along with them when he could to see their view of the Pines. What he ultimately wrote was a rich portrait of the region that followed a

small cast of characters, exploring the culture, history, and ecology of the Pines. In the book, McPhee passes time with “pineys” — as Pine Barrens natives call themselves — who work the cranberry bogs and blueberry fields, trading the security of year-round work for the peace of living in the woods. He delves into the history of the iron industry that came and went in the Pines, visiting the remnants of the towns that disappeared along with the forges. Guided by botanists, naturalists, and locals, he meditates on the diversity of the region’s fauna and flora, the centrality of forest fires (both man-made and natural) to the pace of life there and to the woods’ ecosystems, and the threat mankind poses to wilderness there. McPhee reports that there were plans afoot to build a new city in the heart of the Pines, along with a supersonic jetport that would be, by far, the largest airport on earth. The Pine Barrens concludes on a grim note: “Given the great numbers and the crossed purposes of all the big and little powers that would have to work together to accomplish anything on a major scale in the pines, it would appear that the Pine Barrens are not very likely to be the subject of dramatic decrees or acts of legislation. They seem to be headed slowly toward extinction,” McPhee writes. But as it turned out, a decade after the book’s publication, New Jersey Governor Brendan Byrne began a push for exactly that sort of major legislation,

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RYAN HARAN/FLICKR

WIKIMEDIA COMMONS PETER MASSAS/FLICKR

Sarracenia purpurea, a carnivorous pitcher plant found in the Pine Barrens.

Apple Pie Hill Fire Tower—The highest point in the Pine Barrens of central New Jersey is Apple Pie Hill, only 200 feet above sea level. IMAGE COURTESY OF SHUTTERSTOCK.COM

Great Blue Heron

Harvesting cranberries in a bog.

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IMAGE COURTESY OF SHUTTERSTOCK.COM

which resulted in the state’s adoption of the Pinelands Protection Act in 1979. Fittingly, it was McPhee’s book that—at least in part—inspired Governor Byrne to pursue to the legislation. Now, as a result of the Pinelands Preservation Act and the accompanying Pinelands Comprehensive Management Plan, roughly twothirds of the Pinelands are protected from intensive development, with one-third designated for closely-monitored suburban and urban development, and a sliver zoned for agriculture. The airport jetport and the new city never materialized. McPhee now marvels that “not a great deal has changed” since he first went down to the Pines. Even with these laws on the books, he is clear in his conviction that the Pines are still “forever threatened.” According to Carleton Montgomery, executive director of the Pinelands Preservation Alliance, the region is made vulnerable by the possibility that the Pinelands Commission—the state agency established to enforce the Pinelands legislation—will fail to do its job. One of Montgomery’s chief concerns is aquifer overuse. The state is required to update the Water Supply Master Plan every five years, but the last revision was released in 1996—a failure that Montgomery says makes it impossible to draft appropriate regulations for water extraction, given the population changes over the last two decades. The Pines also face the construction of natural gas pipelines running through conservation zones. Part of the concern, of course, is of contamination in the event of pipeline leakage or rupture. But the larger concern, Montgomery explains, is that the pipelines would serve as a foot in the door for developers. “Where you build infrastructure, people come,” he says, “And then it becomes a reason to change the rules and expand development opportunities in those conservation zones.” In February, despite the efforts of the Pinelands Preservation Alliance and many other environmental groups and concerned citizens, the Pinelands Commission approved the construction of a 22-mile South Jersey gas pipeline through the Pinelands. In recent years, the Pines have also contended with increasing damage to conservation lands from off-road vehicles. “We attribute this to YouTube,” Montgomery says. GoPro footage of wild rides through the forests has popularized the practice, even as riders tear up the very terrain they’re so enamored of. Still, the Pines are more than the sum of their worries. Both the beauty of the region and the rumors that cling to it continue to draw people in. David Scott Kessler, a Philadelphia-based artist and filmmaker, is one of the latest to fall under

their spell. Kessler has been working on an experimental documentary entitled The Pine Barrens since 2011. Though film is not yet finalized, over the past few years, Kessler has screened versions of it accompanied by live music from the Ruins of Friendship orchestra (a group that came together to support the film). The shared name with McPhee’s book is apt. Both works are essentially exploratory in character, investigations by New Jersey natives (Kessler is originally from Union) who were drawn to learn something more about their home state, to prod at the sense of mystery that surrounds the Pines—home of the Jersey Devil and reclusive pineys. Kessler says he was keen to bring to the screen the sense of wonder that comes with the “naïve explorer sensibility” he had from the outset of his project. The story he tells—which is far more a subjective portrait of a time and place than it is an environmental documentary—developed as he worked on it. His work continues, and so too does the story of the Pines itself continue to unfold. Today, Chatsworth is in many ways much like it was when McPhee first visited it in 1966: a sleepy village in the Pines, home to a few hundred families, and a hub of regional cranberry growing activity. Buzby’s General Store still stands where it has for over 150 years, but it has been closed for about a year now due to the poor health of current owner R. Marilyn Schmidt. A real estate agent’s sign sits in the window — a melancholy frame to the books, maps, and jars of jam still sitting inside. As I was about to leave town, my phone — and with it Google Maps — died suddenly and would not be revived. So I drove home through the Pines as McPhee had when he was first exploring the area: overshooting a turn here and there, retracing my route, meandering, but sure to return.

The Pine Barrens tree frog, Hyla andersonii

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T H N E O S G Q N I U V A R D: E A FIRST TASTE OF MEDICINE BY ANNE LEVIN

When Henry Wang started his ďŹ rst year at Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, he expected to give up his volunteer duties on the Princeton First Aid & Rescue Squad (PFARS) in order to devote full attention to his academic studies. But he soon discovered that being on the front line of emergency calls was a key part of his medical education. 50 |

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IMAGES COURTESY OFPRINCETON FIRST AID & RESCUE SQUAD

Learning how to administer CPR is a key part of the training at Princeton First Aid & Rescue Squad. Many who serve on the squad go on to professional careers in medicine.

“I

found myself spending even more time in the Squad house, undergraduate days at Princeton, today the Administrative, Operations, and because it made medicine even more interesting,” says Wang, Quality Fellow in the Department of Emergency Medicine at the University today an emergency physician, health researcher and professor at of Colorado School of Medicine. The list goes on. “I knew going into college that I wanted to go to medical school,” says the University of Alabama at Birmingham. Easter. “I think what attracted me about PFARS is that “Being on the squad, figuring out what is so much of the work at the college level is academic, and ailing a patient and getting them where they I really liked the idea of taking care of patients—doing need to go in that crucial first hour—there is nothing some actual patient care. I considered general surgery more valuable.” and orthopaedic surgery during medical school. But I Wang is among a long line of young men and ultimately decided on emergency medicine because I women who have served on the first aid squad and gone loved the idea of taking care of every single patient no on to pursue careers in medicine. The squad boasts matter their age, their gender, the medical problem, or alumni who specialize in cardiology, anesthesiology, the situation they were in. I loved the idea that in the ophthalmology, pediatric infectious disease, general ER we take care of everyone with no questions asked. surgery, and other health fields. Jonathan Javitt, the And I got that from PFARS.” founder and CEO of NeuroRX Inc., a pharmaceutical The Princeton First Aid & Rescue Squad dates from company focused on curing central nervous system March, 1939, when the Princeton Engine Company disorders, was a member during his years at Princeton No. 1 First Aid Unit was incorporated, becoming the University, from which he graduated in 1978. New Jersey State First Aid Council’s 80th member “If not for my PFARS experience, my second squad a few months later. By 1963, the organization son would have died at birth,” he wrote in an email. had its own building on North Harrison Street, where “I resuscitated him by mouth-to-mouth in the O.R. it continues to operate today. Plans for a brand new of a major teaching hospital as the doctors stood by building with plenty of room for offices, sleeping uselessly.” quarters, and the ambulance vans, rescue truck, special Not surprisingly, the most popular specialty among service vehicle, rescue boat, and other vehicles are in PFARS veterans is emergency medicine. the works. Cynthia Galvan, who joined in her junior year at Squad President Mark Freda isn’t surprised at the Princeton University, is today managing partner of number of members who choose emergency medicine Northwest Emergency Associates in Gary, Indiana. Princeton native Matthew Wong, who served on the Emergency physician and professor Henry Wang is among as a career. “A lot of university students from Princeton, the medical professionals who got their start at PFARS. Rutgers, The College of New Jersey, and wherever join squad from his sophomore year in high school until the year after he graduated from college, is an emergency physician at Beth the squad because they believe it will help them when they go to medical Israel Deaconess Medical Center and an instructor in emergency medicine school, and maybe it does,” he says. “But people who stay with the squad at Harvard University. There is Ben Easter, a PFARS member during his really enjoy helping others. These are stress-filled situations, but if you like SUMMER 2017 PRINCETON MAGAZINE

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Images courtesy ofPrinceton First Aid & Rescue Squad

Brian Hill was just 17 when he joined the rescue squad. He is studying to become a nurse practitioner in emergency medicine.

This eight-person, flat-bottomed boat gives the squad the flexibility to respond to emergencies on Carnegie Lake or the D&R Canal as well as other bodies of water in the region.

it, you like it. They’ll continue doing emergency medicine as doctors.” Some potential squad members have already served on fire departments or as emergency medical technicians. “Most of them, though, do not have prior experience,” says Freda, “but have just decided that this is something they’d like to do. We ask for references, then ask them to come in for an orientation where we explain everything about the squad. If they are still interested after that, we then go into medical screenings and background checks. If they pass and get through the orientation, they become a member.” Members must be physically strong, able to haul a stretcher in and out of an ambulance. There is no specific personality type. “You really can’t tell with someone’s personality when they walk in the door,” Freda says. “A 16-year-old cadet might be shy, but you really become a confident person pretty quickly. We look for a twoyear commitment because it costs us money. We put them through the EMT course, get them uniforms, et cetera, so you want to make sure they’ll be around long enough to pay us back, you might say. It’s more about, ‘How interested are you and will you be around long enough?’” Mark Freda, Squad President Galvan was a pre-med student when she approached the squad. “I was always interested in medicine. I was in my third year at Princeton when I joined,” she says. “It was a way to be more clinical at a time when I couldn’t be, otherwise. I was running a lab doing surgery on rats, and this gave me a chance to be clinical with human beings—much earlier than when you would usually get that chance.”

Galvan looks back fondly on her two years with the squad. “It was just this wonderful organization to be a part of. You felt like you were doing a good thing for the community of Princeton,” she said. “PFARS is incredibly unique. It’s run by highly motivated, intelligent people with good hearts. When you have that, every year you continue to build on it with greater and greater people. You also have the rescue aspect, and that’s not for everybody. But if it appeals to you, it’s actually fun to go get somebody out of a car. It’s a little dangerous, but so rewarding.” Working on the rescue squad convinced Henry Wang that emergency medicine was his future. “It showed me that this is the part of medicine I really enjoy doing,” he said. It’s being on the front line. It’s the way by which people access health care. In my view, it’s the most important part of the health care system.” Wang’s first experience treating someone experiencing cardiac arrest made a lasting impression. “I had just been promoted to senior rank,” he recalls. “The guy looked like he was having trouble breathing and we helped him. I remember realizing how important that was. I’m also a scientist in emergency medicine, and a lot of what I did Cynthia Galvan with PFARS resonates today with what we try to teach.” Matthew Wong started volunteering at PFARS during his sophomore year at Princeton High School. “I had a lot of friends who did it,” he recalls. “I always had this abstract idea that I wanted to go into medicine. My dad is a local doctor [Michael Wong of the Princeton Eye Group] and my mom is a nurse, so I knew what it looked like to help other people.”

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Images courtesy ofPrinceton First Aid & Rescue Squad

A group photo of volunteers of the rescue squad.

Serving on the squad was “one of the best things I ever did,” he says. “Now I take care of people in emergencies full-time. I trace those roots right back to those days at PFARS.” Among those currently serving on the first aid squad is Bryan Hill, a Princeton High School graduate and a member of Rutgers University’s class of 2017. Hill lost his father to a brain aneurysm when he was only 2 years old. His mother is a nurse. “From a young age, I have always been really interested in medicine and helping people,” he says. “I was only in third grade when 9-11 happened, and I wasn’t directly affected. But I guess being so close to New York, it was something that always stayed in the back of my head. What stood out for me was all those people running out of the building. That started my interest in being a first responder in addition to wanting to go into medicine.” A year after joining the local fire department and taking a first responder class, Hill joined the rescue squad. He was 17. Like so many members before him, he values the hands-on, clinical experience. “It shifted my focus to knowing I need to do something in clinical medicine,” he says. Matthew Wong Hill is currently pursuing a dual degree in public health and psychology and is waiting to hear about admission to an accelerated nursing program. His plan is to earn a doctorate in nursing practice and become a nurse practitioner in emergency medicine.

A person who gets bored easily, Hill says the quick pace and changing situations of emergency medicine appeal to him. “Every patient is different. A lot of times you’re in dire situations and you have to act quickly. I’ve always been a quick thinker and good on my feet, and that’s something I’ve learned to build upon. I think because of that and the fast pace and high stress, I am at my best. And I love being that calming presence. We give people guidance, beyond the emergency care. It is comforting and quieting,” he says. New Jersey has the largest cadre of volunteer squads in the United States. But local squads have struggled to stay afloat as advances in emergency medicine have created a need for members who are technologically savvy. Still, says Wang, “New Jersey has a unique model in that volunteer squads are still a very prominent part of the system. PFARS is something the Princeton community should be very proud of. We struggle with the question of whether volunteer service is still viable. But the way we did it there is an absolutely safe and very effective way to provide care. There are such high standards. So I hope the community recognizes what a gem they have.” Ben Easter

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nusually, there is a great deal to envy in this community that has seen so much struggle through the centuries. Who would not want to grow up in a world embraced by a few boundary streets where everyone knows you and will make sure you are well looked after? Buying penny candy on Leigh Avenue. Fishing in Stony Brook. Being shushed into your home at 9PM by elders who don’t want you to come to trouble. It seems a kind of sanctuary. On the other hand, it is a place that embraced slavery, a northern Jim Crow town—“spiritually located in Dixie,” as Paul Robeson has said—where some of the earliest residents were bought and traded and some of the latest were barred from restaurants and stores because they were black. This is a story of Princeton from two right angles as drawn by Kathryn Watterson in her newest book, I Hear My People Singing: Voices of African-American Princeton, published by Princeton University Press. That Watterson gives equal weight to both portraits without reducing or caricaturing either is testimony to her storytelling skills, and to the citizens whose lives flower in these pages. Singing is based on the first—and only—oral history project involving Princeton’s African American citizens and the neighborhood they have enlivened for more than 300 years. It is a history known but not widely told, with perspectives gathered through 18 years of interviews and finally given life here in this splendid, resplendent biography of a singular community. SUMMER 2017 PRINCETON MAGAZINE

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not being able to get banks loans. They had so many humiliations and diminishments, and yet they built institutions. They built support for their families here. There’s an energy and a beauty that is so deep in them. They were just so ingenious in dealing with it.” “I love listening to people’s stories,” Watterson added. “These are stories that I think we can’t hear enough of. I think they are a microcosm of our country, and I think that’s one of the things about the timing of the book that’s positive. It seems like good timing. Because you really see the richness of the human spirit, the humanity, in their stories.” ‘NOT GOING TO BE TRACKED’ Early in the book — whose title comes from Robeson’s writings — Watterson dispels the perceived myth that University students from the south brought their slaves north to Princeton when they came here to study. Instead, she writes, slaves came here with Princeton’s very founders. Among the first were seven Africans who arrived in 1696 with white colonialist Richard Stockton to work his 400 acres of property, which would eventually become University land and Princeton Theological Seminary land, as well as an additional 6,000 acres he later purchased. Stockton’s enslaved people built his home at Morven, and the slave quarters behind it. In fact many, if not most, early Princeton families

and leaders, Watterson writes, were slave owners. The achievement of Singing is that it conveys the fullness of African American Princeton not only as a story of fighting discrimination, but also as a story of a community nurturing the lives of its residents. The churches, the early dances, the businesses, the community-imposed curfews for young people all lead the reader to recognize and honor these people who lived as much as possible on their own resourceful terms. Singing is based almost entirely on a recounting of the many interviews. Watterson has weaved them into chapters on community, schools, the University, work, owning homes and living, and residents’ lives as citizens. She dices and chops the interviews into paragraph-sized snippets, as perfectly formed as poems, based on themes rather than as one long interview. That way, she said, she could better shape the narrative and really bring the “gems” forward. Reading the book, it is easy to imagine yourself sitting on a porch on Green Street, and listening to Albert Hinds (1902-2006) give witness: “The only one thing that they did to the blacks when we went to high school, they tried to track us into a certain category: nonacademic. But four of us—black boys—we used to say, we’re not going to be tracked! We’re going to take an academic course. And we did...We coped with the French, and Latin, and everything else.” photographs courtesy of the Historical Society of Princeton

There is Mr. Albert Hinds, who was 98 when Watterson interviewed him. He talked for three hours straight “in the glare of a video camera,” remembering how he worked as a boy in the old livery stables and how his first wife died in childbirth, not being admitted to Princeton’s hospital because she was black. There is Sophie Hall Hinds, whose father was born a slave. There is Jacqui Swan, Bruce Wright, Alice Satterfield, Henry F. “Hank” Pannell, and Kathleen Montgomery Edwards, who remembered every black business in town and who, as she recounts the list, tugs readers along on a virtual tour of old Princeton. In total, more than 55 residents of the neighborhood roughly bounded by Paul Robeson Place, Leigh Avenue, and Witherspoon Street gave their testimony for these pages. Many are now deceased. It became part of Watterson’s incipient project, first begun as a university writing course two decades ago, to gather oral histories and set them down before they would be lost. “The residents of this neighborhood and their predecessors have been witness to American history from inside of slavery, inside of segregation. They lived that,” said Watterson during a phone interview from her home in Philadelphia, where she is now a professor in the Creative Writing Program at the University of Pennsylvania. “At the same time, they are people who had families and built homes despite

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photographs courtesy of the Historical Society of Princeton

Kathryn Watterson (CENTER) and her newest book, I Hear My People Singing: Voices of African-American Princeton, a story of Princeton from two right angles.

Or Kathleen Montgomery Edwards (1924-2000): “Mr. Griggs had a restaurant. That was a very, very profitable business, black-owned business. You passed the corner of Witherspoon and Hulfish Street —well, that corner belongs to Mr. Griggs. Mrs. Mills, she had a beauty shop. And Mr. Gale had a cleaning business. Right upstairs was Dr. Thomas. He was our dentist, and he was the school dentist. At 70 Witherspoon Street there was a black beauty shop.” Or James A. Carter (1926-2000): “I had seven aunts and six uncles. You know, when you have 13 people at one supper table, it’s going to be crowded. No food that you dropped off your fork would ever hit the ground.” Or Bruce Wright (1917-2005): “My father worked at a restaurant on Nassau Street called the Balt. They let you work there but not eat there. He was a cook. And then he got rescued and he worked for one of the deans at the university. He was the cook, chief bottle washer, and servant for Dean Robert Russell Wickes—a sort of divinity guy, if I’m not mistaken. And he was full of sh*t.” Or Emma Epps (1902-1989) recalling what she once said to her mother’s employer: “Miss Wright, the fact that my mother was a laundress in your house was not the fact that she didn’t have a brain but that she didn’t have a chance.” Residents describe Paul Robeson coming back to the neighborhood, and Albert Einstein walking along Witherspoon or sitting on someone’s porch for an evening chat. Other luminaries passing through town, unable to stay in white-owned hotels, spent nights in resident’s homes: Cab Calloway,

Duke Ellington, Count Basie, Ella Fitzgerald, and opera contralto Marian Anderson, who was refused a room at the Nassau Inn in 1937 and ended up staying as a houseguest in Einstein’s home. WRITING ABOUT INJUSTICE The author of nine books, three of which were named New York Times Notable Books of the year, Watterson has always explored themes of injustice and retribution, suffering and redemption. Her books Women in Prison: Inside the Concrete Womb , Not by the Sword, and You Must Be Dreaming are essentially tales of exploitation and how that exploitation played out to various ends. Watterson is also currently at work on a novel and a short story collection. “I’ve been moved to action by an understanding of oppression and injustice and fear, and as great as the Witherspoon neighborhood is, they have had to face all of that because they’re considered less powerful than the people in charge,” said Watterson. “I guess my driving force is for freedom and justice.” Watterson credits three community activists— Penney Edwards-Carter, Hank Pannell, and Clyde “Buster” Thomas—with working tirelessly to recruit older residents to participate in the oral history project. Beginning in the late 1990s, over 100 letters went out to anyone over the age of 60 asking for stories. Together with Watterson, Edwards-Carter, Pannell, and Thomas arranged the interviews, many of them conducted by Watterson’s

former Princeton students; in fact, nearly 40 of them. Either Edwards-Carter, Pannell, or Thomas accompanied a student to every initial interview. “Penny is so sharp,” said Watterson. “She joined Hank and Buster and me. The four of us were together on this. They’ve been just amazing sharing their perspectives on important issues and helping me with me with names, details, and fact-checking.” Although Watterson did not personally interview them, some of her favorite “characters” from the book are Johnnie Dennis, Thomas Phox, and Paul Robeson’s father, the Rev. William Robeson, who was born a slave in North Carolina and came north, graduating from Lincoln University and then serving as minister at the Witherspoon Street Presbyterian Church. “What a wise, humane, beautiful human being he was,” said Watterson. “The book makes me happy, even though there are so many hard things in it and people have had to suffer,” Watterson said. “They have served and shared with one another in the greater common good, and I feel like their voices just add to making this world more human. And giving us evidence of what we can get through if we work together.” “I wanted to do something different with this book,” she added. “So many recorded histories are skewed to feature only the so-called ‘successful people.’ ” With thanks to Watterson, the book itself, and the lives of those honored in it, are proof of how many definitions of success there are, and how inclusive they could be.

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Opportunity Lost: Defunding the Family Empowerment Program without explanation by Ellen Gilbert

Just three days before the end of the 2014 fiscal year, administrators at Princeton’s Center for Family, Community, and Social Justice, Inc. were told that New Jersey State funding for its Family Empowerment Program (FEP) had been cut. Not just reduced, not temporarily on hold: 100 percent cut. No reason was given, despite a recently renegotiated contract and a well-documented record of success. 62 | PRINCETON MAGAZINE summer 2017

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the time, the program had well-coordinated, highly experienced teams of family systems specialists working with community resource specialists in Atlantic City, Bridgeton, Camden, Elizabeth, Irvington, Lakewood, Paterson, and Plainfield, New Jersey. They were well on the way to nurturing healthier students and engaged families in safer schools. “This was a remarkable opportunity,” observed former FEP Executive Director Hinda Winawer in a recent interview. She and Dr. Norbert A. Wetzel founded the Princeton-based Center for Family, Community, and Social Justice in 1995. The FEP was its centerpiece. Dignity—and Family Systems Theory

as a child’s personal relational network. FEP collaborated, in culturally informed relationships, with families to develop narratives of competence and empowerment in their role as caregivers, both within the family and at the interface with larger systems that provide services and resources for family health, stability, growth and development. “We’re systems thinkers,” observes Winawer. “Too often families get blamed or simply diagnosed without fully understanding the contextual factors that challenge their lives.” Winawer regularly teaches master’s degree classes in the Rutgers Graduate School of Social Work and is a member of the teaching faculty at the Ackerman Institute for the Family, considered by many to be the preeminent family therapy training institute in the world. She is also past president of the American Family Therapy Academy. Wetzel, not incidentally, has a doctorate in theology, An underlying assumption of the FEP was that economic disadvantage and cultural oppression can create disparities of access to societal resources that often result in a range of vocational, educational, health, familial and emotional problems for children Norbert A. Wetzel, Th.D. and adolescents. Rather than putting the burden for change on the children affected, the FEP believed the locus should be in the systems in which children’s lives are embedded: their families and at the interface between the family and larger systems (schools, neighborhoods, social support organizations, etc.) which are designed to restore advantage to children whose lives are being impeded by poverty. Through the FEP, families were supported in their relationship with systems that impact family life, to develop skills that enhance their competence to navigate those systems effectively. Case management within FEP was combined with a counseling component to help youth and families deal with the ramifications of the emotional challenges and stresses of poverty and with the struggle for emotional and practical changes that provide greater options for the developing child, thereby enhancing his/her potential. Hinda Winawer, MSW, LCSW

Winawer and Wetzel are practicing psychotherapists who treat individuals, families, and couples. They make for an interesting pair. In “German Families,” a chapter they co-wrote for the book Ethnicity and Family Therapy, they describe their respective—and dramatically different—backgrounds: “one of us (H.W.) was born and raised in New York City in a Polish Jewish immigrant family.” The “other of us (N.A.W.), born into a German Catholic family of farmers, merchants, and academics, grew up during the years of World War II and the West German postwar era, during which the war, the Holocaust, and the ‘Third Reich’ were covered by public silence, repression of memories, and outright deception.” Together, they share a passionate commitment to social justice. The word “collaboration” characterizes not only how they work with each other, but also the way that they work with individuals and communities in need. Both are adamant in their belief that people— all people—must feel respected and know that they are being taken seriously. In addition to acknowledging a person’s inherent dignity they say, the FEP’s work was strongly informed by “family systems theory,” the belief that individuals cannot be understood in isolation from one another, but rather as a part of their family, which is considered as an emotional unit. The family system, in any diverse form in which it occurs, is defined

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illustrations courtesy of shutterstock.com

Case Histories

Here are highlights from two of several “case vignettes” submitted by the FEP to an independent evaluator engaged by the Division of Prevention and Community Partnerships to supplement outcome data given to The N.J. Department of Children and Families. The first example “highlights the counseling aspect of this team’s response.” Again, apparent is a complex process of engagement by the FEP team; they are able to maintain the family in counseling through turbulent phases, consistently providing a safe context for a teenager in pain who is reluctant, for quite some time to ‘trust.’ Trained and supervised as family systems practitioners, using a complex perspective, the team evaluated behavior within the interactional context, and were able to assess family members as multi-dimensional individuals with a capacity for resilience. Unique to strong FEP teams is their capacity to meaningfully engage adolescents while simultaneously building an alliance even with troubled parents, thus enabling the team greater latitude as trusted change agents. “The student, from a family of Central American origin, was referred to FEP because she was cutting school. Her mother requested their services, and was willing to participate.” “When our team began to work with the student individually, she informed us of problems she was having at home with her family. She was hesitant to speak and was not forthcoming, as we learned later, she had previously been involved in therapy in which she felt blamed for everything that was going on at home. It took months to engage with the student and her unwillingness to trust was related to her interactions with her family, and how she was shunned when she did not adhere to any particular house rule.” “Although the student performed well academically, her tendency to be withdrawn and to shut down affected her social and academic achievements. The FEP team contacted her mother to engage in family counseling, and she also was skeptical of participation. She did tell us she had difficult time parenting the student and she did

the best that she could. She used excessive punishment for typical teenage behavior, though was not physically abusive. Over the next few months the team called weekly to ‘check-in’ with mom and provide support. We mailed her parenting literature and strategized with her when she called to ‘complain’ about the student. After months of this process, the student’s mother was willing to come in and talk. She informed us that she had a severe history of sexual and physical abuse and neglect as a child and as an adult that handicapped her from parenting effectively. During this time, the student continued to isolate herself more and ran away from home to another state. Her mother contacted us and we attempted to reach the student through text messaging and MySpace and talking to her friends at the school. The student contacted the FEP team and negotiated her return, in addition the team coached the mother on her reaction to her daughter’s return.” “Following this event, the FEP team conducted numerous family sessions that focused on creating a safe family environment for the student and coaching the mother on positive and appropriate reinforcement while dealing with her own personal trauma.” “The student has reported she now feels she is a part of the family and no longer the scapegoat. Mother reports she now feels more effective as a parent and as a wife. The FEP team is still currently involved with the student, providing resources such as jobs, working papers, and enrolling her in the school’s college prep program. The student’s grades have improved and she is now able to negotiate and advocate for herself.” The second vignette illustrates “the balanced integration of counseling and case management,” according to the evaluators. “This is the story of an African American family struggling with many problems in today’s society. This family was referred by an art therapist from a Grief Group operating out of an area hospital. The father, a car factory worker, died from cancer in 2004. He left a wife aged 35, disabled with Retinitis Pigmentosa (progressive loss of vision resulting in blindness), and four children. “The older boy had significant behavioral problems, sexual identity confusion

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and consequential social and academic problems. There were no significant problems with the other children with the exception of grief, which the whole system was experiencing. The FEP staff, in consultations with supervisor Dr. Wetzel, began a comprehensive course of counseling, which consisted of family & individual sessions, vocational counseling & referral (DVR), recreational referral (Lighthouse Program), social referral (Upward Bound Program) and trips.” “The engagement process was difficult because of transportation problems. The mother could not drive and cab trips were very expensive for this family with limited resources. We had to transport the mother and the four children, who were attending three different schools, by school-based van. This added a few hours to every family meeting. We would frequently have snacks available to the family as the meetings often occurred after school. Phone calls were problematic because the phone was frequently turned off because of non-payment of bill. We did a number of home visits to this family, which helped the family connect to the staff and the treatment process. In addition to family members, teachers, school administrators, cousins, and a minister also attended family meetings.” “Over the past four years we have made an effort to supply the family with extra gifts and food over the holidays. The family has also gone on trips to New York City to see the play The Lion King. This was the first time the children had ever been to the city or seen a play.” “Presently the oldest son is making a very good adjustment to the high school. He has just missed honor roll (interesting that he was retained in the 7th grade) and is in the school play. His chorus teacher called him gifted ‘he can play any part.’ The student states that there is less homophobia in the high school and more tolerance. He spent four days in Washington D.C. for Obama’s Inauguration with the Upward Bound Program. His family also went to Washington, getting a ride on the bus with a local church group.” Everyone is Different

In many ways the work was remarkably case-specific: “everybody expresses things a little differently and everybody has difficult challenges,” says Winawer, putting it in simple terms. A more complex description is needed for their effort to foster a culture of “racial literacy.” Coined by the sociologist Frances Winndance Twin, “racial literacy” has been described by another sociologist, Erik Love, as “a reading practice,

a way of perceiving and responding to the racial climate and racial structures that individuals encounter daily.” As a result the FEP developed so many alliances that there were asked to develop a new program in Trenton. “Every aspect of the center was culturally diverse,” Winawer reports. At one point the FEP served 20 sites using 40 staff with a $2.25 million annual budget. Wetzel coordinated training and led monthly faculty meetings. Faculty/supervisors (including Winawer and Wetzel) taught monthly seminars on subjects selected by consensus, and provided weekly clinical supervision on site for each team. Clinical supervisors were seasoned professionals; “they didn’t get their degrees yesterday,” notes Winawer, who also wrote grant proposals and provided administrative and clinical management. “We had high quality professional clinical charts and yearly site visits, state requirements to meet, budgets to oversee, websites to update, etc.” Evaluations cited “professional, comprehensive case records” and nothing of significance turned up on annual financial audits. Site visits and conversations that included children, their families, teachers, school administration, and health service providers occurred throughout the year. “We loved the people we worked with and learned from them,” Hinda Winawer says. The “Trump Era”

While Wetzel and Winawer may never know why their funding was cut two years ago, the current political climate does not hold out much hope for nonprofits. “Welcome to the Trump Era” sighed the cover of the December issue of The Chronicle of Philanthropy. The headline in the Chronicle’s January issue similarly declared “Foundations must stand up to the ravages of the Trump era.” One assumes that there will be many similar exhortations in the months to come. Still, Wetzel and Winawer have not given up hope. These days they try to incorporate FEP practices with patients they see for therapy They also provide consultation services through their private practice, Princeton Family Institute. Winawer says that she dreams of a conference that will bring family systems professionals in New Jersey at some not-too-far-off point in the future and, perhaps, reignite operations like the FEP.

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| CULTURAL EVENTS

JULY 7

JULY 13

JULY 4

1957 Porsche 356A Speedster (photo credit: Michael Furman)

AUG. 13

M A R K YO U R

CALENDAR M U S I C | B O O K S | T H E AT R E | L E C T U R E S | S P O R T S JUNE 29

THURSDAY, JUNE 29 11AM – 4PM Princeton Summer Farmer’s Market at Hinds Plaza in downtown Princeton (repeats weekly). www.princetonfarmersmarket.com

6 – 8PM The Arts Council of Princeton presents the Summer Courtyard Concert at the Princeton Shopping Center. Enjoy music of all genres including jazz, salsa, and American Top 40. (Repeats every Thursday through August 24). www.artscouncilofprinceton.org

FRIDAY, JUNE 30 8:30 – 10AM Meet the Mayor at Princeton Public Library. Princeton residents are invited to discuss concerns with Mayor Liz Lempert. www.princetonlibrary.org

6 – 7PM Music, Fitness and Family Fun Night with Lolly & YoYo in the community room in the Princeton Public Library. Lolly & YoYo present a high-energy, interactive music and fitness show for children and families. www.princetonlibrary.org

SATURDAY, JULY 1 9AM – 1PM Montgomery Friends Farmers Market at the Village Shopper on Route 206 (runs through October). www.montgomeryfriends.org

2 – 4PM The beginning of the Summer Music Series on Palmer Square Green (every Saturday through August 26). www.palmersquare.com

4 – 6PM Princeton Tour Company’s Saturday and Sunday Shameless Name Dropping Tour (repeats weekly). www.princetontourcompany.com

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8PM New Jersey Symphony Orchestra presents a “Road Trip Across the USA” concert that’s followed by fireworks. Located at Mercer County Park Festival Grounds in West Windsor. www.njsymphony.org

TUESDAY, JULY 4 Long Branch’s Annual OceanFest & Fireworks to celebrate the July Fourth holiday. www.oceanfestnj.com

THURSDAY, JULY 6 6 – 7PM Rutgers Gardens hosts Yoga in the Gardens. Pre-registration required. (Repeats every Thursday). www.rutgersgardens.com

7:30PM Showing of A Knight’s Tale (2001) at the Summer Outdoor Film Series presented by Princeton University Art Museum. www.artmuseum.princeton.edu

FRIDAY, JULY 7 5 – 7PM River Horse Brewing Company hosts a tasting of their Roly Poly Pils Czech-style Pilsner, classic IPA, and Summer Blonde Ale at the Coolvines on Spring Street in Princeton. www.riverhorse.com

6:30 – 9PM Screening of Paterson (2016) at the Princeton Public Library Community Room. www.princetonlibrary.org

5 – 8:30PM Join the Arts Council of Princeton for Paint Out Princeton at Grounds for Sculpture. Grab a drink at the open-air beer garden, check out the art, wander the grounds and paint en plein air! Pre-registration is required. www.artcouncilofprinceton.com

SATURDAY, JULY 8 10AM – 5PM Terhune Orchards’ annual Blueberry Bash. Enjoy all things blueberry followed by live music, entertainment, and rides. www.terhuneorchards.com

ALL DAY The beginning of New Brunswick’s Restaurant Week. Discounts on meals and drinks at various participating restaurants in New Brunswick. (Until July 22) www.newbrunswick.com

SUNDAY, JULY 9 4 – 5PM Join the Blue Jersey Band outside at Hinds Plaza as part of the Sound of Summer Series. The band will perform an eclectic mix of swing, gypsy jazz and bluegrass. www.princetonlibrary.org

WEDNESDAY, JULY 12 6 – 7:30PM New York Times bestselling author Akhil Sharma discusses his book, A Life of Adventure and Delight in Labyrinth Books on Nassau Street. www. princetonlibrary.org

THURSDAY, JULY 13 6 – 8PM Cheick Hamala Diabate (World Fusion). The Arts Council of Princeton presents the Summer Courtyard Concert at the Princeton Shopping Center. Enjoy music of all genres including jazz, salsa, and American Top 40. (Repeats every Thursday through August 24). www.artscouncilofprinceton.org

FRIDAY, JULY 14 7 – 10PM Dancing Under the Stars hosted by members of the Central Jersey Dance. The dance group will perform demonstrations and lead others in an evening of dance of all kind. www.centraljerseydance.org

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JULY 12

JULY 8

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images courtesy of shutterstock.com; arts council of princeton; charles r. plohn; new hope auto show

JULY 8

SATURDAY, JULY 15

FRIDAY, JULY 28

THURSDAY, AUGUST 10

11AM – 7PM Food Trucks and Fire Pits at Laurita

ALL DAY Red Bank’s greatest retailers take to the sidewalk

7PM Movie Date Night under the stars at

Winery in New Egypt, N.J. Enjoy different food trucks, live bands, and wagon tours. Followed by fireworks at night. www.lauritawinery.com

during the annual Sidewalk Sale. Find the best deals of the season as you stroll through town and enjoy the beautiful scenery (through July 30). www.redbank.org

the Rutgers Gardens. Movie is TBD. www.rutgersgardens.rutgers.edu

11AM – 4PM A Festival of Nature at the Wager Farm Arboretum. Includes a wide array of animal exhibits, outdoor activities, food, honey extraction, dancers, and vendors. www.wfafnj.org

SUNDAY, JULY 16 Private Registry Event at the Crate & Barrel at The Mall at Short Hills. Have the store all to yourself as you get inside tips from registry experts, mingle with other couples, and celebrate with food, drinks, and fun. www.shopshorthills.com

WEDNESDAY, JULY 19 6:30 – 9PM Princeton Student Film Festival at the Princeton Public Library. Original short films, created by filmmakers ages 14-25, are featured as part of the two-night festival. (Until July 20). www.princetonlibrary.org

THURSDAY, JULY 20

SATURDAY, JULY 29 ALL DAY Summer Festival at the Rutgers Gardens. Activities for children and adults followed by free tours, classes, leisure, and enjoyment. www.rutgersgardens. rutgers.edu

TUESDAY, AUGUST 1 Sweet Sounds Downtown Jazz Festival in Westfield, N.J. (every Tuesday night throughout August). www.westfieldtoday.com

THURSDAY, AUGUST 3 7:30PM Showing of The Chronicles Of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe (2005) at the Summer Outdoor Film Series presented by Princeton University Art Museum. www.artmuseum.princeton.edu

FRIDAY, AUGUST 4 ALL DAY The beginning of the three-day Sidewalk

Garden Theatre. www.thegardentheatre.com

Sale. Discounts and sales from the stores around Palmer Square (until August 6). www.palmersquare.com

WEDNESDAY, JULY 26

TUESDAY, AUGUST 8

7PM Screening of The Matrix (1999) at the Princeton

VARIOUS TIMES Second Annual Indie Street Film Festival in Red Bank. Will include screenings of more than 75 different independent feature and short films and more. (Through July 30). www.redbank .org

Gordon Lightfoot in concert at Bergen Performing Arts Center in Englewood. www.bergenpac.org

8PM Check out four-time Grammy Award-winning singer, composer, and actor Lyle Lovett and his band as they perform some of his hit songs at the State Theatre of New Jersey. www.statetheatrenj.org

SUNDAY, AUGUST 13 9AM – 4PM 2017 New Hope Auto Show in New Hope, Pa. www.newhopeautoshow.com

WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 16 Two music legends, Stephen Stills and Judy Collins, will debut songs from their upcoming album at the Count Basie Theatre in Red Bank. www.countbasietheatre.org

SATURDAY, AUGUST 19 10 – 11:30AM Cicada Crawl at the Abbott Marshlands. A naturalist will take you on a search for cicadas. Followed by an examination of the species and a oneof-a-kind art project. www.abbottmarshlands.org Vintage North Jersey Wine & Food Festival hosted by Four Sisters Winery in Warren County (through August 20). www.vintagenorthjersey.com

SATURDAY, AUGUST 26 7PM Trenton Thunder Baseball vs. Richmond Flying Squirrels at ARM & HAMMER Park. www.trentonthunder.com

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or most Broadway musicals, the “composer” creates only the songs, usually providing vocal lines with piano accompaniment. Other musicians, including an orchestrator, prepare the score for performance. The orchestrator adjusts a composition “to fit…whatever orchestral combination has been selected,” Broadway orchestrator Don Walker writes in his autobiography. In the 1940s, Webster’s Dictionary came out with a second meaning for orchestrate: “to arrange or combine so as to achieve a maximum effect.” “Then the floodgates opened and all kinds of people began to call themselves ‘orchestrators,” Walker quips. “So now I am trying to find another professional name to call myself, but it’s late.” During Broadway’s mid-century “Golden Age,” Walker orchestrated music—and theatrical institutions.

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IN 1952, WALKER CO-FOUNDED MUSIC THEATRE INTERNATIONAL WITH COMPOSER FRANK LOESSER, FOR WHOM HE ORCHESTRATED THE MOST HAPPY FELLA. (ABOVE) Doris Day.

Walker (1907-1989) was born in Lambertville, New Jersey, to Thomas and Blanche (nee Basford) Walker. When not on the road during tryouts for a new musical, he spent most of his life across the Delaware, in New Hope, Pennsylvania—on an Aquetong Road farm that Walker dubbed Harmony Hill. During his years as an accounting student at the Wharton School, Walker played tenor saxophone in his band, the Don Walker Interfraternity Five. Over a Christmas vacation, he noticed some of the titles in his father’s sheet music catalogue, including “The Waters of Minnetonka” and “From the Land of the Sky Blue Water.” Walker writes: “I thought…I’m going to try to write an orchestration for a full dance band, and I’ve got a title for it! I’ll call it ‘An Indian Rhapsody!’” Soon he was arranging music for Fred Waring’s Pennsylvanians, an ensemble that produced recordings for Victor at a time when the RCA studio was in Camden, New Jersey. His earliest theatrical work entailed the orchestrations for two of the University of Pennsylvania’s Mask & Wig shows: Ruff-neck and Out of the Blues. In the early 1930s, he orchestrated radio shows for George M. Cohan and Sigmund Romberg. Walker also orchestrated May Wine, a 1935 operetta Romberg wrote with Oscar Hammerstein, as well as the Ziegfeld Follies of 1936. Walker married Audrey Langrill Simpson of Moore Park, Toronto, in 1931. They had two children: Ann (who married Yanek Liebgold), and David E. Walker. An honorary board member of the New Hope Historical Society, Ann Liebgold outlived her parents and brother; Audrey died in 2003, and David in 2012. In 2013 Ann Liebgold published Men of Notes, her father’s memoir of his career from the late 1920s to the early 1940s, through Dorrance Publishing. In the foreword, Walker hastens to state that his wife suggested the book’s title. “Tell them about those wonderful and otherwise characters you had to work with,” she advised him. “I remember, growing up, he was often not at home; he was out on the road with shows,” Ann Liebgold recalls. “When he did come home, we would always do something special: a trip to Virginia, or something like that. You couldn’t talk to him if he was working. He did work at home, sometimes, if he was on a show and he felt he’d been away for too long. He would bring a copyist with him, so that he could keep up with the pages that needed to be copied.” Eventually, Liebgold worked as a music copyist at Chelsea Music Services, which her father founded with copyist Mathilde Pincus.

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In 1938, Walker was instrumental in the founding of the Bucks County Playhouse, in New Hope. “During the course of a fairly large party, a group gathered in one corner and kicked around the idea of a straw-hat theatre,” Walker remembers in his introduction for The Difference Began With the Footlights, Gilda Morigi’s history of the Playhouse. Walker and his theatrical colleagues partnered with the Hope Mill Association, a group of “public-spirited people” who had bought the mill. The Playhouse was constructed on the site of the New Hope Mills. Built in 1790, the gristmill gave the town of New Hope its name. The Playhouse was going to be named the New Hope Theatre; Walker’s recollection was that his wife Audrey suggested calling it the Bucks County Playhouse. Asked about her memories of the theater’s inception, Ann Liebgold replies, “You have to remember, the year that was going on I was 6 years old. I just remember lying in the trellis that was covered with wisteria, and hearing all these people talk below, while my brother and I played Robin Hood! I remember all the work it took to get it built. As a kid growing up, my mother took us to the theater. When I was 16, I became an usher.” The Bucks County Playhouse opened on July 1, 1939. Its inaugural production was Springtime for Henry; the star was Edward Everett Horton, who had a supporting role in the Fred Astaire-Ginger Rogers film Top Hat. “There was an interesting article at the time, ‘Ground is Broken in New Hope for a New Experimental Theater,’” notes Alexander Fraser, the Playhouse’s current Producing Director. “The founding mission of the Playhouse was to give young new playwrights a chance to spread their wings.” Fraser continues, “Of course, it quickly became famous for star-driven summer stock productions. In some cases they were new plays, and some were beloved chestnuts. I think originally [the productions] just were plays, but I know that Kitty Carlisle, for instance, did a production of Lady in the Dark, which her husband [Moss Hart] wrote, at the Playhouse. That was probably in the late 1940s. So musicals were added as time went on.” Of Walker’s involvement, Fraser says, “He was very active in the operations, and served on the board of directors. In 1949, he was involved in the building of the Playhouse Inn, which is now being recreated just next door to the Playhouse.” In addition to his administrative role Walker also wrote for the theater, composing and scoring The Bucks County Revue and Mistress of the Inn.

In 1952, Walker co-founded Music Theatre International with composer Frank Loesser, for whom he orchestrated The Most Happy Fella. Originally called Music Theatre Incorporated, the company was conceived when Walker noticed that many scores held by Tams-Witmark, another licensing house, were incomplete. In The Sound of Broadway Music: a Book of Orchestrators and Orchestrations, Steven Suskin notes that Walker initially suggested the idea of a new licensing house to Richard Rodgers, for whom he updated the orchestrations of Pal Joey, On Your Toes, and Babes in Arms. Rodgers co-founded what would become the Rodgers & Hammerstein Organization—but without Walker. Frank Loesser, however, had a catalogue of shows ready for licensing, including Guys and Dolls, so he partnered with Walker. “By 1957, Loesser—who preferred to personally control his several businesses—bought out Walker,” Suskin writes. It was Loesser who changed the name of the company to Music Theatre International. Asked whether her father regretted selling his share, Ann Liebgold replies, “I don’t think so. I never heard a word about that.”

Walker’s Broadway career spanned six decades. He contributed orchestrations for By Jupiter by Rodgers & Hart, and Carousel by Rodgers & Hammerstein. Other shows he worked on include Damn Yankees, The Music Man, Fiddler on the Roof, and Cabaret. Walker continued working until 1981, orchestrating early scores by Stephen Sondheim, Andrew Lloyd Webber, and Stephen Schwartz. In addition to his orchestration work, Walker was a composer in his own right. He wrote Memphis Bound, a swing version of the Gilbert & Sullivan operetta HMS Pinafore, as well as Courtin’ Time. Steven Suskin writes, “This seems as good a time as any to talk about Walker’s crusty demeanor…many Broadway people were in awe of Walker’s reputation and thrilled to have him. But to others, he was forbidding.” Suskin quotes producer and director Harold Prince: “He was a grim presence, but he was so good. He would walk down that aisle for the orchestra call, and you’d say, ‘Oh, God, I hope it’s better than he thinks it is.’”

IN 1938, WALKER WAS INSTRUMENTAL IN THE FOUNDING OF THE BUCKS COUNTY PLAYHOUSE, IN NEW HOPE.

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“People didn’t understand what a reserved person he was,” counters Ann Liebgold. “[My father] was a quiet man. He would stand and listen. He was really quite a shy person, except when it came to his music.” When Walker wasn’t working, he hybridized gladiolas. He was the president of the North American Gladiolas Association, and a judge for the All-America Gladiolus Selections. “He hybridized to make different colors, strength, or different varieties,” Liebgold remembers. “When he was here, he was very much occupied with the hybridizing. He’d have two flowers blooming, and he was always trying to make a blue one. It’s a long procedure to develop a flower from pollen!”

Many of the shows on which Walker worked are still performed today, either in Broadway revivals or in regional and amateur productions. Revivals often commission new orchestrations, just as Walker was hired to update the arrangements for early Rodgers & Hart shows such as Pal Joey. However, Walker’s work can be heard on the original cast recordings. Music Theatre International’s catalogue includes shows with orchestrations by Walker, including Damn Yankees and Fiddler on the Roof. It also includes more recent musicals such as Les Miserables, If/Then, and the theatrical adaptations of Disney films such as Beauty and the Beast. “The fact that our company was created by artists—specifically musical theatre artists—who had the exceptional strength in both sides of the brain to be business people as well as creatives has played a significant part in how MTI operates today,” says Drew Cohen, the current president, in a statement. “It continues to be

our privilege to represent them and their work and to present our customers with the highest quality materials possible, a tradition started by Don Walker himself over 60 years ago.”

Alexander Fraser says the Bucks County Playhouse’s current mission is “to serve the community, first and foremost, certainly as a nonprofit. We have an active education program; we’re thrilled to continue the Student Theater Festival, which is now in its 49th year, and brings kids from all over the region to perform and receive professional adjudication, and to participate in masterclasses in dance, voice, and acting. We also do a summer program for high school students where they produce a musical they appear in, and learn what goes on backstage. And we have an internship for kids in college, who are learning skills in theater production.” The Playhouse also has a program to encourage the development of new musicals. “We are also proud of our new musical development program, the Oscar Hammerstein Festival, which honors Hammerstein’s mentorship of Stephen Sondheim and brings young writers to New Hope to hone their skills,” Fraser continued. This year’s Festival, which included a benefit concert honoring Shirley Jones and hosted by Ted Chapin, president of the Rodgers and Hammerstein Organization, was held in April. The summer season began in May with the world premiere of Clue, based on the popular film; and continued with Buddy: the Buddy Holly Story. The Nerd runs through July 15, followed by Guys and Dolls, July 21-August 12.

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