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PRINCETON MAGAZINE SUMMER 2019


“GivingWhile Living”: A Front-Row Seat toYour Legacy By Brooke M. McGeehan

T

he word “legacy” carries a lot of personal meaning. In most cases, it represents how we’ll be remembered and what we’ll leave behind, both in the abstract and more materially. For most of us, a significant aspect of our legacy will be tied to the assets we leave to our loved ones and the causes close to our hearts. While much of this generosity tends to be carried out through our wills after we’re gone, there is a growing trend of “giving while living,” or gradually giving away assets during your lifetime. I’ve seen increasing interest in this approach among my own clients in recent years, and it has been so rewarding to witness their joy as they get a frontrow seat to their own legacies playing out before them. “Giving while living” offers many advantages. For one, it gives you more control over how your assets are deployed. It also gives you the opportunity to share your long-term vision with your heirs and observe how they handle money in their care. Your beneficiaries, meanwhile, can consult with you while they learn to manage the money they receive from you, putting everyone in a better position to preserve family wealth for the future. Practically speaking, charitable giving during one’s lifetime also decreases the size of the estate that will be passed on, which is important for tax reasons. Individual estates valued above $11.4 million face a 40 percent federal tax in 2019. Notably, beginning the process of wealth transfer while you’re still alive allows you to witness and be an active participant in your legacy in action. You get to actually see the benefits and happiness your gifts bring.

PHOTOS COURTESY OF RBC WEALTH MANAGEMENT

CHARITABLE GIVING

A good starting point for any “giving while living” strategy is to gift a small portion of your wealth to a loved one or charity in the near term. You can give up to $15,000 annually — or twice that for a married couple — to each of an unlimited number of beneficiaries without incurring taxes. If you give above this amount, you may use some of what’s called the lifetime federal gift tax exclusion, also currently set at $11.4 million. Lifetime gifts exceeding that amount are currently subject to a 40 percent federal tax. Some gifts, like charitable donations and direct payments for educational and medical expenses, are free from limits

and exempt from annual gift and estate taxes. Those who wish to make a charitable gift to a single entity larger than $15,000 or want to ensure long-term family involvement can consider establishing a private foundation. Alternately, a donor-advised fund is a simple way to donate smaller amounts through a parent nonprofit organization, which handles administration and investment management. TRUSTS

Charitable giving isn’t the only way to pass on your assets during your lifetime. Parents of young children can transfer money to a custodial account, which is owned by the child but essentially governed by the parents until the child comes of age. With this approach, your beneficiaries will receive the money when they are most likely to need the help. Trusts are another common choice because of the level of control they afford, including over timing and distribution of funds. A revocable trust, also known as a living trust, holds assets while you’re alive. Because it is revocable, you can make changes at any point during your life, but once you’ve passed on, the trust becomes irrevocable and cannot be changed. You can also create an irrevocable trust, whose primary advantage is related to taxes. By making gifts to the trust instead of directly to your beneficiaries, you can ultimately lower the size of your estate and, thus, the amount of tax owed on it. Based on what you learn about how your beneficiaries manage your wealth during your lifetime, you can make adjustments to your wealth transfer plans as needed. BARRIERS TO LIFETIME GIVING

An estimated $3.2 trillion will be passed down over the next generation in the United States. Families must grapple with how and when to transfer assets, but not everyone feels comfortable broaching the subject. Rather than considering a long-term, holistic strategy, you may decide not to take any steps until there is a need to do so, such as establishing a 529 plan for a grandchild’s education or making a sizeable gift for an adult child’s mortgage down payment. SPONSORED CONTENT

As much as you may want to leave a legacy, it’s crucial to consider your own quality of life and future finances. Cash flow is a very legitimate concern, especially as you approach and enter retirement. Before embarking on any of these lifetime gifting strategies, it’s important to make sure you’re in a position to meet your personal retirement objectives. Speaking with a trusted financial advisor or estate planning professional is a sound way to get all of these issues out in the open, formulate a plan and ensure your own needs are addressed before you gift to others. THE GIFT OF TIME

Ultimately, a “giving while living” strategy is a gift of time — it offers you time to explain your intentions, educate your beneficiaries on managing the assets they are receiving, and answer any questions they may have about stewarding your wealth for the future. Brooke M. McGeehan is a Princeton-based senior vice president, branch director and financial advisor with RBC Wealth Management — U.S. To chat about your financial future and how RBC can help, email brooke.mcgeehan@rbc. com or call 609.936.6456. Investment and insurance products offered through RBC Wealth Management are not insured by the FDIC or any other federal Brooke M. McGeehan government agency, are not deposits or other obligations of, or guaranteed by, a bank or any bank affiliate, and are subject to investment risks, including possible loss of the principal amount invested. RBC Wealth Management does not provide tax or legal advice. All decisions regarding the tax or legal implications of your investments should be made in connection with your independent tax or legal advisor. RBC Wealth Management, a division of RBC Capital Markets, LLC, Member NYSE/FINRA/SIPC.

SUMMER 2019 PRINCETON MAGAZINE

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CONTENTS

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36

66 12

22

30

SUMMER 2019

PYNE & GILDERSLEEVE BY LAURIE PELLICHERO

Partners in Princeton architecture

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THE INS AND OUTS OF ALFRESCO (AND ALMOST ALFRESCO) DINING

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BY WENDY GREENBERG 46

SHORE, SURF, & OPEN WATER

WHAT’S IN A NAME?

BY TAYLOR SMITH

New Jersey coastal fishing 22

BY ANNE LEVIN

The fascinating history behind Princeton’s street names 56

FASHION & DESIGN

A Well-Designed Life 30, 32

TREE HUGGERS WELCOME BY ILENE DUBE

Pam and Roland Machold have spent 54 years nurturing Marquand Park 36

NAVIGATING THE LABYRINTH BY DONALD GILPIN

Uwe Reinhardt, Tsung-Mei Cheng, Paul Krugman, and the U.S. health care crisis 66

BOOK SCENE BY STUART MITCHNER

Summer reading in the city 74

ON THE COVER: Alfresco dining on the terrace at Rat’s Restaurant, overlooking the Monet Bridge, at Grounds For Sculpture. Photography by Jeffrey E. Tryon.

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PRINCETON MAGAZINE SUMMER 2019

ROLAND AND PAM MACHOLD PHOTO BY ANDREW WILKINSON; FOOD PHOTOGRAPHY COURTESY OF MISTRAL; UWE REINHARDT, PRINCETON UNIVERSITY, OFFICE OF COMMUNICATIONS, BRIAN WILSON; NASSAU STREET, HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF PRINCETON; ARCHITECTURAL DRAWINGS BY RALEIGH GILDERSLEEVE, COURTESY OF SEELEY MUDD LIBRARY, PRINCETON, UNIVERSITY; THE PRINCETON EATING CLUBS, CLIFFORD W. ZINK, PRINCETON PROSPECT FOUNDATION, 2017; FISHERMAN, SHUTTERSTOCK.COM; FORNASETTI PESCI APPETIZER SET, AMARA.COM; SANAYI313 VIVARA EMBELLISHED THONG FLAT SANDAL, BERGDORFGOODMAN.COM

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| FROM THE EDITOR Welcome to the Summer Issue of Princeton Magazine, with a cover inspired by Claude Monet’s garden in Giverny, France, photographed by our Art Director, Jeffrey Tryon. You can enjoy this view while dining on the terrace at Rat’s Restaurant, located at the Grounds For Sculpture. The restaurant was named after a character in The Wind in the Willows, a favorite childhood book of sculptor and creator J. Seward Johnson Jr. Discover other relaxing alfresco dining options in Wendy Greenberg’s corresponding article. Two of my personal favorites for both cuisine and setting are Princeton’s Mediterra in Palmer Square and Lambertville’s Hamilton’s Grill Room on the Delaware and Raritan Canal. Many artists have been inspired by the tranquility and beauty of Marquand Park with its 17-acre arboretum. Illustrator Pam Machold and her husband Roland have spent 54 years nurturing and protecting the park. It all began in 1965 when they moved from New York City to Mercer Street and there was talk of building a road through the park. The road never got built, and they remained dedicated to the park’s preservation. Marquand is a jewel of a little park that quietly brings so much pleasure to the community. Everyone seems to have a story about it, and many revolve around the playground with its 40 tons of sand. Ilene Dube includes a number of Pam and Roland’s touching stories in her article and reviews the rich history of the property dating back to 1842. If you are interested in Princeton’s history, you will enjoy Laurie Pellichero’s article on the partnership between architect Raleigh Colston Gildersleeve and patron Moses Taylor Pyne beginning in the late 1800s. One example of their many collaborations is Lower Pyne on the corner of Nassau and Witherspoon streets, which is home to present day Hamilton Jewelers. The building was designed and constructed to provide Princeton University undergraduates with dormitories on the upper floors. A few other projects include McCosh Hall, several eating clubs on Prospect Avenue, and additions to the Drumthwacket estate which was Pyne’s home and is now the official residence of the governor. Another story of interest for history buffs concerns the origination of many street names in Princeton. Anne Levin’s article touches on some of the obvious names: Hamilton, Jefferson, Washington, and Witherspoon, while providing fun facts about the less obvious names. For instance, Spring Street was once the location of a spring and pond. Quarry Street was the site of a quarry that supplied stone for the construction of Princeton University buildings. Several streets were named for academics, such as Von Neumann Drive was named after John von Neumann, a math professor at the Institute for Advanced Study who helped to develop the atom bomb. A few of the more recent street names include Farrand Road after landscape designer Beatrix Farrand, Paul Robeson Place, and Sylvia Beach Way by the Princeton Public Library. On the subject of modern day events, Donald Gilpin has brought us another compelling political article. Don’s story on the health care crisis was instigated by a talk at Labyrinth Books, delivered by Paul Krugman and Tsung-Mei Cheng. Cheng’s late husband, Uwe E. Reinhardt, was a health policy expert and Princeton University professor, and the lecture focused on his final book, Priced Out: The Economic and Ethical Costs of American Health Care. Many of us have experienced frustration trying to navigate the health care system, and the facts revealed in this discussion provide some hope for the future. In honor of the summer season, outdoor enthusiasts will appreciate Taylor Smith’s article on fishing at the Jersey Shore. It is packed with information on the types of fish that can be caught, where to catch them,

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PRINCETON MAGAZINE SUMMER 2019

Photography by Charles R. Plohn

Dear Readers,

reputable charter services, various elite sport fishing competitions, and some ecological facts about the waters surrounding our favorite New Jersey beaches. For our devoted Stuart Mitchner fans (and there are many in Princeton and beyond) we offer his edgy, retro recommendations for summer reading. Stuart’s picks are not for the beach, but to enjoy while simmering in the city. You will need to read his article to understand, but per usual, his unique perspective is sure to entertain. With the utmost pride and appreciation, Bob Hillier and I hope you enjoy your summer and this issue of Princeton Magazine. Respectfully yours,

Lynn Adams Smith Editor-In-Chief


Moses Taylor Pyne (Wikimedia Commons)

Raleigh Colston Gildersleeve (Smithsonian Institution, Archives of American Gardens, The Chimney’s Collection)

Pyne & Gildersleeve Partners in Princeton Architecture

By Laurie Pellichero | Photographs courtesy of Historical Society of Princeton Admirers of Princeton University and town architecture might not realize that many of the area’s most prominent buildings, past and present, were commissioned by longtime University trustee and generous benefactor Moses Taylor Pyne, and designed by New York City-based architect Raleigh Colston Gildersleeve.

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PRINCETON MAGAZINE SUMMER 2019


M

oses Taylor Pyne (18551921), a New York City native and 1877 Princeton University alumnus, inherited a substantial fortune from his maternal grandfather and namesake, Moses Taylor, whose money was derived mainly from banking and railroads. Moses Taylor Pyne married Margaretta Stockton, daughter of Gen. Robert Field Stockton Jr., and gained a seat on the University board of trustees at age 28. He continued to serve on the board for 36 years. Pyne was devoted to establishing Collegiate Gothic architecture as the predominate style on campus. It has been noted that this was based on the theory that giving the University the ambiance and Oxford and Cambridge would lend a similar atmosphere to his alma mater. Raleigh Colston Gildersleeve (1869-1944) was born in Charlottesville, Virginia, the son of Basil Lanneau Gildersleeve, PU Class of 1849 and a longtime classical philology professor at Johns Hopkins University, and his wife Eliza Fisher Colston. Gildersleeve graduated from Johns Hopkins in 1888, and became an architect in New York City. Pyne subsequently hired him to design the Upper and Lower Pyne dormitories on Nassau Street, as well as McCosh Hall at Princeton University. He was also the architect of the Elm, Cap and Gown, and Campus eating clubs on Prospect Avenue. He worked with Pyne on the 20-year renovation and expansion of Drumthwacket, which Pyne purchased from

Lower Pyne, on the corner of Nassau and Witherspoon streets.

Charles Smith Olden’s widow in 1893, and designed some local residences as well. UPPER AND LOWER PYNE

Both Upper and Lower Pyne were funded by Pyne and built for the University as dormitories on Nassau Street in 1896. Gildersleeve designed both in a Gothic Revival or Tudor style. The two buildings initially housed shops at the street level and undergraduate dorms upstairs. The dorms were later converted to offices in the 1950s. Upper Pyne was razed in 1963, and Princeton Bank and Trust was built on the site at 76 Nassau Street. It is now home to PNC Bank. Lower Pyne still stands beautifully on the northeast corner of Nassau and Witherspoon streets, and is home to Hamilton Jewelers at the street level and apartments upstairs. In a February 1910 issue of The Architectural Record, in a section on the Architecture of American Colleges, Montgomery Schuyler wrote, “None of Mr. Pyne’s benefactions to Princeton has been more exemplary or ought to be more fruitful than the two business buildings which bear his name. Upper and Lower Pyne, with their actual shops on the ground floor, and

Upper Pyne, circa 1900.

their undisguisedly commercial occupancy, most gracefully recall the best street architecture of Chester or Shrewsbury. The architect has lavished upon them a careful and affectionate study which is visible in every detail. The wood carving, for example, on the front door of Upper Pyne, with that very charming driveway into the ‘mews,’ with the quaint sundial over, is quite worthy of the best historic examples.” MCCOSH HALL

McCosh Hall, designed by Gildersleeve in Tudor Gothic style, was built in 1907 as a memorial SUMMER 2019 PRINCETON MAGAZINE

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Moses Taylor Pyne, left, and another man in the gardens at Drumthwacket. Pyne, working with architect Raleigh Gildersleeve, renovated and expanded the mansion and added extensive gardens.

McCosh Hall

to Princeton University’s 11th president, James McCosh, who served for 20 years in the period after the Civil War. It was the largest building on campus when it was constructed, and has a smooth limestone exterior and flying buttresses. The building features a pair of tigers as well as other characters, including twin owls, the masks of comedy and tragedy, a raven, a donkey, a goose, and a football player. McCosh is now home to the Department of English and the Program in American Studies, and houses lecture halls, seminar rooms, classrooms, and many offices. PRINCETON EATING CLUBS

Princeton University’s eating clubs began in 1877 at the then College of New Jersey when a small group of students wanted to establish a place where they could dine together and socialize. That first club, Ivy, was followed by 18 more over the next 50 years. Moses Taylor Pyne was a great champion of the clubs, and saw permanent eating clubs in their own clubhouses as benefiting “a stable undergraduate life,”

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PRINCETON MAGAZINE SUMMER 2019

Farmer’s cottage at Drumthwacket, designed by Raleigh Gildersleeve.

as noted by Clifford W. Zink in his book The Princeton Eating Clubs. The Elm Club at 58 Prospect Avenue was built in 1901 from a design by Gildersleeve. According to Zink, Gildersleeve, whose practice was thriving after the completion of Upper and Lower Pyne, was hired to create a grand clubhouse, which he did in Italianate Revival style. The two-and-a-half-story design featured a long porch which wrapped around the east side, with a pavilion overlooking the University Field across Olden Street. In 1908, Gildersleeve was hired to design a larger clubhouse for the Cap and Gown Club’s growing membership, which he did in the more popular Collegiate Gothic style. He told the Princeton Alumni Weekly in February 1908 that he designed the Cap and Gown clubhouse at 61 Prospect Avenue as a “minor Normandy Chateau.” According to Zink, he devised a T-shaped plan that anticipated possible expansion and reuse. The plan’s orientation offered “an uninterrupted view of the valley from the veranda which extends to the south front.” Gildersleeve’s club work continued when

the board of the Campus Club hired him while he was completing the Cap and Gown Club, as noted by Zink. In 1910 he designed a brick clubhouse at 5 Prospect Avenue that was similar to the Cap and Gown Club, but with “a flipped floorplan, a more Tudor Revival appearance, and a dominating entrance pavilion with buttresses and a crenellated parapet.” The Campus Club exterior remains almost intact from its original construction, and a later 1953 addition. In a similar touch to McCosh, it also features a limestone carving of battling football players. The Campus Club ceased operation in 2005, and the clubhouse was donated to Princeton University for student activities. DRUMTHWACKET

Drumthwacket, now the official residence of the governor of New Jersey, was originally built in Greek Revival style in 1835 by Charles Smith Olden (1799-1876), who became governor in 1860. The original structure, at 354 Stockton Street, consisted of a center hall with two rooms


Elm Club

Campus Club

Cap and Gown Club (Architectural drawings by Raleigh Gildersleeve, courtesy of Seeley Mudd Library, Princeton, University; The Princeton Eating Clubs, Clifford W. Zink, Princeton Prospect Foundation, 2017.) SUMMER 2019 PRINCETON MAGAZINE

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on each side, including the two-and-a-half-story center section and large portico with six Ionic columns, which remain today. Moses Taylor Pyne purchased Drumthwacket from Olden’s widow in 1893 for $15,024, and embarked on a 20-year expansion and landscaping program for the property with the designs of Gildersleeve, while at the same time establishing the mansion as a popular setting for social gatherings in Princeton. It is said that he wanted a home with a gracious presence, not merely a country residence. Pyne doubled the size of the mansion, and greatly expanded the gardens and farm buildings. He also added two-story east and west wings to the central portico. A Colonial Revival staircase was placed in the main hall. The east wing was the first addition in 1895, and housed the kitchen. It was later extended to house the servants’ quarters. The west wing was added next and contained a drawing room and a Gothic wood-paneled library, with a master suite on the second floor. Another addition to the west wing was a study or den for Pyne. As noted in the December 1905 issue of Indoors and Out, A Monthly Magazine Devoted to Art and Nature, “There are few things more hazardous than to add onto an old structure any considerable addition; it is much more serious when these additions cover twice as much ground site as the original structure, which can

in no way be disturbed, and which must not lose its importance nor its individuality. Mr. Raleigh C. Gildersleeve, the architect of the new portions of the house, accomplished his task with extraordinary sagacity and success. “At the very beginning of the work, it was determined that the original mansion must remain absolutely intact. This having been decided upon, the single remaining problem was to design wings on either side in strict harmony with the original structure … Mr. Gildersleeve’s position, as I understand it, was not so much what he would do in extending the house, but what the original architect would have done if called upon to design a larger house and one of the dimensions now decided upon.” The renovation also featured park-like landscaping and a multi-level formal Italian-style garden. PYNE MANSIONS IN TOWN

Located at 211 Winant Road, the historic Pyne Mansion was designed and constructed in 1897 for Albertina Taylor Pyne, Moses Taylor Pyne’s mother. The original architect of the Jacobean-style mansion was Raleigh Gildersleeve. The impressive residence has since undergone an award-winning renovation by architect David Abelow, and is now on the market. Modern features include a 4,000-bottle wine cellar and state-of-theart theater.

“As with many period homes, there’s no doubt that its architectural style and Gildersleeve’s pedigree are central to the property’s intrigue,” says Judson R. Henderson of Callaway Henderson Sotheby’s International Realty. “The difference here is the extraordinary undertaking by the current owners, under Abelow’s talented guidance, to bring the house into the 21st century, with complete sensitivity to both its storied past and modern day living.” Pyne’s sister, Albertina, and her husband, Archibald D. Russell, also built an area estate in 1903 they named Edgerstoune, which is now the center building for The Hun School of Princeton on Edgerstoune Road. At the time, Edgerstoune and Drumthwacket were considered the finest homes in the area. PYNE ON VIEW

A new exhibit, “Lower Pyne’s Forgotten Twin (and Other Nassau Street Changes)” is now on view in the Treasures from the Trove gallery at the Historical Society of Princeton. The display includes the cornice from Upper Pyne, designed by Gildersleeve and featuring the Princeton University seal and open books, as well as a sign from Skirm’s Smoke Shop (formerly at 68-70 Nassau Street) and a variety of photographs. The exhibit runs through 2019.

HISTORIC PYNE MANSION: RENOVATED WITH BOLD VISION HISTOR IC PYNE MANSION

PRINCETON, NJ—Renovated with bold vision and a profound respect for the past, the historic Pyne Mansion is truly exquisite. This turn-of-the century, Jacobean-style manse has a sterling architectural provenance, with its original design by Raleigh Gildersleeve, the celebrated architect behind many of the buildings of Drumthwacket and Princeton University, and an award-winning renovation headed by architect David Abelow, a former protege of I.M. Pei. Asking $4,950,000. Visit bit.ly/211winant for details.

4 NASSAU STREET, PRINCETON, NEW JERSEY 08542 609.921.1050 CallawayHenderson.com EACH OFFICE IS INDEPENDENTLY OWNED AND OPERATED. SUBJECT TO ERRORS, OMISSIONS, PRIOR SALE OR WITHDRAWAL WITHOUT NOTICE.

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PRINCETON MAGAZINE SUMMER 2019


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Q. Park Avenue Q.TellTellususabout about Park AvenueClub Club– –itsitshistory historyand anditsitsunique uniquemission. mission. A: A:Twenty-five Twenty-fiveyears yearsago, ago,several severalprominent prominentindividuals individualspartnered partneredwith with600 600 businesses and 2,500 caring individuals to transform a dilapidated dairy farm structure

businesses and 2,500 caring individuals to transform a dilapidated dairy farm structure into Park Avenue Club. Both thethe land into Park Avenue Club. Both landand andthe thebuilding buildingwere weredonated donatedtotothe thePark ParkAvenue Avenue Foundation, which is is comprised Foundation, which comprisedofofseveral severalnonprofit nonprofitorganizations. organizations.The ThePark ParkAvenue Avenue Club leases thethe space and Club leases space andoperates operateswithin withinthose thosewalls. walls. Park Avenue Park AvenueClub Clubattracts attractsa amembership membershipthat thatseeks seekstotoenhance enhancetheir theirsocial socialand and business lives and appreciates business lives and appreciatesthat thatour ourmission missionsupports supportsthe thePark ParkAvenue AvenueFoundation Foundation and itsits 1313 nonprofits. and nonprofits. Today, Park Avenue Club is isreinventing Today, Park Avenue Club reinventingthe theprivate privatedining diningclub clubconcept. concept.Our OurClub Club offers anan upscale yetyet casual dining offers upscale casual diningexperience experiencewith withchef-curated chef-curatedmenus menusrivaling rivalingthose those ofof thethe finest Manhattan finest Manhattanrestaurants. restaurants.

Our Ourculinary culinaryofferings offeringsare areaacontemporary contemporaryinterpretation interpretation of of traditional traditional American American cuisine. cuisine.Fresh, Fresh,local, local,and andseasonal seasonalmenus menusare arecreated createdto todeliver deliveraa personalized personalized dining dining experience. experience.AAhighly highlyskilled skilledculinary culinarystaff, staff,house housesommelier, sommelier, and and passionate passionate service service team teamprovide providean anupscale upscaleepicurean epicureandestination destinationwhile whileour ourmembers members“dine “dine for for aa cause.” cause.” The Thesocial socialclubs clubswithin withinPark ParkAvenue AvenueClub Cluboffer offerunique uniquenetworking networking opportunities. opportunities. Our OurWine WineEnthusiasts EnthusiastsClub Cluband andCigar CigarClub Clubmeet meetmonthly. monthly. We We also also offer offer book book clubs clubs and andaawomen’s women’sexecutives executivesclub clubthat thatenjoys enjoysrobust robustattendance. attendance. Park ParkAvenue AvenueClub Cluboffers offersreciprocal reciprocalagreements agreements with with over over 190 190 other other elite elite clubs clubs worldwide. worldwide.And, And,asasan anadded addedvalue, value,aamember memberhas has access access to to almost almost aa dozen dozen private private country countryclubs clubsininNew NewJersey, Jersey,asaswell wellas asprivate privateclub club offerings offerings in in 39 39 U.S. U.S. states, states, and and even eveninternational internationaldestinations destinationssuch suchas asLondon, London,France, France,India, India,and and China. China. Park ParkAvenue AvenueClub Cluboffers offersincredible incrediblevalue valueand and isis accessibly accessibly priced priced for for aa private private club clubexperience. experience.

Q. Q.What Whattype typeofofevents eventsare arehosted hostedat atthe theClub? Club? Q. charities have Q.What What charities havebenefited benefitedfrom fromthe thePark ParkAvenue AvenueFoundation? Foundation? A: A:Our Ournewly newlyconstructed constructed14,200-square-foot 14,200-square-footevents eventswing wingplays playshost hostto to memorable memorable A: A:Funds Fundsraised raisedsupport supportessential essentialhuman humanneeds, needs,provide provideemergency emergencyhousing housingand and weddings, weddings,jubilant jubilantmitzvahs, mitzvahs,and andrefined refinedcorporate corporatemeetings. meetings.Whether Whetheraabusiness business event event

shelter in in a crisis, facilitate access totoeducation, shelter a crisis, facilitate access education,honor honorculture cultureand andthe thearts, arts,and andpreserve preserve history. history. The revenue generated thePark Park AvenueFoundation Foundationvia viaitsitsrelationship relationshipwith with The netnet revenue generated bybythe Avenue Park AvenueClub, Club,and anddedicated dedicatedfor forthe theexclusive exclusivebenefit benefitofofthe theFoundation’s Foundation’s thethe Park Avenue nonprofit members exceeds$6$6million millionsince sincethe theClub’s Club’sinception. inception. nonprofit members exceeds These nonprofits currentlycomprise comprisethe thePark ParkAvenue AvenueFoundation: Foundation: These nonprofits currently Boys Girls Club Newark Boys && Girls Club ofofNewark Boy Scouts America/PatriotsPath PathCouncil Council Boy Scouts ofof America/Patriots Camp Nejeda Camp Nejeda Community FoodBankofofNJNJ Community FoodBank The Morris Museum The Morris Museum The Family Resource Network The Family Resource Network HartmannRhodes Charities HartmannRhodes Charities Museum Early Trades&&Crafts Crafts Museum ofof Early Trades P.G. Chambers School P.G. Chambers School Burgdorff Foundation (Beneficiariesare areJersey JerseyBattered BatteredWomen’s Women’sService, Service,Morris Morris Burgdorff Foundation (Beneficiaries Habitat Humanity and WhartonInstitute Institutefor forthe thePerforming PerformingArts) Arts) Habitat forfor Humanity and Wharton

Q.Why Why membersjoin joinPark Park AvenueClub? Club? Q. dodo members Avenue A:Members Members usethetheClub Clubforforpersonal, personal,social, social,and andbusiness businessreasons. reasons.ItItisisananoasis oasis A: use with a relaxing yet upscale and elegant, home away from home feel. Members can

with a relaxing yet upscale and elegant, home away from home feel. Members can host important business meetingsand andreceptions receptionsknowing knowingour ourimpeccable impeccableand andhighly highly host important business meetings personalized service will impress their clients and associates. At the same time, the personalized service will impress their clients and associates. At the same time, the Club is also the ultimate destination for family celebrations from weddings to birthdays Club is also the ultimate destination for family celebrations from weddings to birthdays andmitzvahs. mitzvahs.Our Ourmodern, modern,casual, casual,and andrustically rusticallyelegant elegantspaces spacesallow allowfor forunique unique and versatility. With two daily anddistinct distinctdining diningvenues venuesthe theClub Cluboffers offersbreakfast, breakfast,lunch, lunch, versatility. With two daily and and dinner service. and dinner service. Our Clubcalendar calendaroffers offersmany manyfamily-themed family-themedevents eventssuch suchasasour ourMother’s Mother’sDay Day Our Club Brunch,Easter EasterBrunch, Brunch,and andthe theVictorian VictorianCandlelight Candlelightatatyear’s year’send. end.AAnice nicebenefit benefit Brunch, that spousesofofmembers membersare areautomatically automaticallymembers membersatatnonoadditional additionalcharge, charge,and and is is that spouses we welcome our families with several children’s events including holiday pumpkin we welcome our families with several children’s events including holiday pumpkin carving, ginger bread decorating,and andmovie movienights. nights. carving, ginger bread decorating,

20 |

PRINCETON MAGAZINE SUMMER 2019

majorfamily familycelebration, celebration,the theClub Clubhas hasaastunning stunningspace spacewith withaaluxurious luxuriousand andmodern modern ororaamajor aestheticasaswell wellasasall allthe theattendant attendantprofessional professionalstaff staff to to fully fully customize customize your your event event aesthetic andimpress impressyour yourguests. guests. and TheClub’s Club’sdaily dailymember memberexperience experienceincludes includes frequent frequent live live entertainment entertainment and and The monthlyspecialized specializedand andseasonally-inspired seasonally-inspiredevents eventssuch suchas as Lobster Lobster Nights, Nights, Evening Evening monthly bythe theFire Fire(a(achef-integrated chef-integratedcooking cookingevent), event),Sunday SundayBrunches, Brunches,Burger Burger& &Beer Beer nights, nights, by andsosomuch muchmore. more. and

Q.IIunderstand understand the the Club Club has has undergone undergone aa major major renovation. renovation. What What has has Q. changedand andhow howdoes doesititbenefit benefitmembers membersand andguests? guests? changed A:Park ParkAvenue AvenueClub Clubisisaastrikingly strikinglyhandsome handsomefacility facilitythat thatembodies embodiesrustic rustic elegance elegance A:

best.Our Ourbrand-new brand-newevents eventswing wingcomplements complementsthe therestaurant restaurant spaces spaces within within the the atatitsitsbest. originaldairy dairybarn. barn.Our Ourinteriors interiorsare arecertainly certainlysophisticated, sophisticated,but butalso alsowarm warmand andinviting. inviting. original Werecently recentlyrefurbished refurbishedour ourtwo twodaily dailydining dining venues, venues, the the more more casual casual Charity’s Charity’s We and the the upscale upscale Hayloft Hayloft dining dining room. room. Each Each restaurant restaurant offers offers aa unique unique dining dining and experienceand andits itsown ownspecialized specializedmenu. menu. experience Charity’salso alsoserves servesasasour ourin-house in-housecoffee coffeehouse houseduring duringthe the morning morning hours. hours. The The Charity’s moreformal formalside sideofofclub clubdining diningisisfound foundininour ourHayloft Hayloftdining diningroom. room. Each Each venue venue has has more ownpatio patiowith withfire firepits pitsfor foran aninviting invitingalfresco alfresco ambiance ambiance several several months months of of the the itsitsown year. Our restaurants are appointed with a rustic-luxe design, creating a signature year. Our restaurants are appointed with a rustic-luxe design, creating a signature sophisticatedbut but casual casual setting setting that that honors honors our our history history while while remaining remaining utterly utterly sophisticated contemporary. contemporary.

Q.How Howdo doyou youbecome becomeaamember? member? Q. A:The Thewebsite websitewww.parkavenueclub.com www.parkavenueclub.comoffers offerspreliminary preliminaryinformation information under under the the A: Membership tab, but we love to talk face to face or by phone with anyone interested Membership tab, but we love to talk face to face or by phone with anyone interested membership. ininmembership.

GregorySmith, Smith,CMAA, CMAA,PGA PGAisisthe theExecutive ExecutiveDirector Directorof ofPark ParkAvenue AvenueClub. Club. He He may may Gregory P be contacted at 973.301.8233. be contacted at 973.301.8233. P


ParkAvenue AvenueClub ClubMission: Mission: Park

“

To Toprovide provideaapersonalized personalized

dining diningexperience experienceininaabeautifully beautifully restored restoredhistoric historicdairy dairybarn, barn,and and

“

totogenerate generateaameaningful meaningfulrevenue revenue stream streamfor forthe thebenefit benefitofofthe thePark Park Avenue AvenueFoundation Foundationnonprofits. nonprofits.


BY TAYLOR SMITH


PHOTOS COURTESY OF SHUTTERSTOCK.COM

F

or a small, densely populated state, New Jersey provides a wealth of fresh water and salt water fishing opportunities. The Garden State is home to 93 freshwater species and more than 330 marine species.

Surf fishing at the Jersey Shore is the sport of catching fish while standing on the shoreline or wading into the surf. Surfcasting or beachcasting is done in saltwater and involves casting bait or a lure as far out as possible. The more general shore fishing can include casting from rock jetties, fishing piers, and sandy or rocky beaches. Many surfcasters time their activity to coincide with the nocturnal feeding habits of certain saltwater species, such as sharks. Island Beach State Park is filled with knowledgeable and enthusiastic anglers. Located at Exit 82, the 10 miles of preserved barrier island is landscaped by naturally occurring sandbars. The majority of the park is open to the public. For a fee, visitors can even drive their SUV onto the beach. Anglers at Island Beach State Park commonly fish for bluefish, striped bass, and fluke. By beach or by boat, Shore Catch Guide Service (www.shorecatch.com) boat charters, beach guides, and offshore charters promise that they will to “bring the fish to you.” With a season that runs from early April through late fall, Shore Catch Guide Service can help you to plan your Atlantic fishing experience. According to its seasonal chart at www.shorecatch.com/season, “By mid-June, the outer beaches become thick with trophy migrating stripers while the back bays continue to produce stripers, large bluefish, and tide runner weakfish.” During the months of July and August, the waters surrounding Island Beach State Park are alive with bonito, skipjack tuna, false albacore, dolphin, sharks, and larger tuna varieties. To contact Shore Catch Guide Service, call (732) 528-1861. Sharks of several species can be found off the Southern New Jersey coastline,

particularly in Ocean and Cape May counties. According to the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (DEP) Division of Fish and Wildlife’s Guide to New Jersey’s Salt Water Fishing, “Sandbar and occasionally sand tiger sharks can be caught in the bays and inlets as well as in the ocean.” In the deeper waters, “tiger, hammerhead, mako, and blue sharks can be found. They are generally taken on large chunks of bait. Chumming with ground-up fish increases the chances of success.” For eating, fluke and summer flounder are some of the most sought-after fish for New Jersey fishermen. These flat fish are attracted to squid strips and minnows that are presented to the flounder by drifting along the bottom of the ocean with the tide and current. With both eyes positioned on top, flounder will make a sudden surge or sprint to grab their bait. Flounder typically hang out at the edges of salt marshes, inlets, near the surf line, and back bays. Thanks to the convergence of the Hudson River flow and the Delaware River flow, Point Pleasant Beach, and particularly the Manasquan Inlet, is one of New Jersey’s most popular areas to fish. Barnegat Bay is frequently used for crabbing, with August being the best time of year. With a small boat, anglers can plan to catch seasonal fluke, flounder, crabs, and weakfish. Year round, charter fishing boats depart for deeper ocean waters in the hopes of landing large game fish like albacore, tuna, and shark. The town of Point Pleasant has plenty of fishing and crabbing opportunities. For example, adjacent to the Point Pleasant Hospital is a substantial dock perfect for summer crabbing with the family. On a Mission Fishing Adventures (www.omfishing.com), captained by Eric SUMMER 2019 PRINCETON MAGAZINE

| 23


PHOTOS COURTESY OF SHUTTERSTOCK.COM

Kerber in Belmar, pursues fish of all kinds along the Atlantic Coast. Adventures can be planned to your specifications from a minimum of four hours up to 12 hours. All bait and tackle are included in your fare. On a Mission features the the Debra K II, a Grady White 282 Sailfish with twin 225HP Yamaha outboards. Equipped with Raymarine electronics, Fusion radio, full working head, and enough fuel to cover all the grounds of inshore and offshore in North Jersey, On a Mission Fishing Adventures may just lead you to your next big catch. To contact the captain, call (484) 678-9083 or email omfishing@gmail.com. According to the DEP’s Guide to New Jersey’s Saltwater Fishing, “Three billfish species commonly occur along the New Jersey coast — white and blue marlin and swordfish. All are found in deep, offshore ocean waters during the summer and early fall. Trolling baits and lures catches the two marlin species. Swordfish are caught at night with squid or fish baits.” Marlin fishing season begins in June of each year, but the fish really increase in number during the month of August. For those interested in fishing in a marlin fishing tournament, two of the biggest gatherings take place in the Cape May region. The Ocean City White Marlin Open and the Mid Atlantic 500 offer cash prizes and competition. This year’s Ocean City White Marlin Open (www.whitemarlinopen. com) will take place on August 5-9, and the Mid Atlantic 500 is set for August 18-23 (www.themidatlantic.com). Affectionately known as “America’s Greatest Family Resort,” Ocean City is home to a wide range of popular fishing spots including Municipal Beach (North and South Ends), Municipal Fishing Pier at Moorlyn Terrace, Bayview Marina, Lamont’s Marina, Corson’s Inlet State Park, Ocean City-Somers Point Causeway, and the Ocean City-Strathmere Bridge. The town’s shoreline stretches for eight pristine miles and is accompanied by a 2.5-mile-long boardwalk. Surf fishing is allowed anytime on unguarded beaches, anytime in Corson’s Inlet State Park on the

24 |

PRINCETON MAGAZINE SUMMER 2019

island’s southern tip, and on guarded beaches before and after lifeguards are on duty. To learn what’s biting on a particular day and which bait and lures are preferable, Ocean City’s tackle shops and fishing docks are your best bet. Ocean City New Jersey Fishing & Cruising Fleet (www.oceancitynjfishing.com) has been operated by the Hartley family since 1999. Popular fishing trips for families of all ages are the Dolphin Watching Cruise, Back Bay Family Fishing, Deep Sea Fishing (half day), Deep Sea Fishing (full day), and Back Bay Cruise. To book a private charter or to learn more information, call (609) 391-6446. Founded in 1913, the Ocean City Fishing Club is the oldest, continuously operating fishing club in the United States. Its headquarters are located at the clubhouse and pier at 14th Street and the Boardwalk. The Club maintains tide reports, live webcams from the various piers, water temperature, forecasting, tournament events, and more at www.oceancityfishingclub.com. Finally, keep in mind that the fishing season continues in New Jersey well past Labor Day. In fact, many locals look forward to the first signs of fall each year, as it signals the end of the crowded tourist season. The Edwin B. Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge (www.fws.gov/refuge/edwin_b_ forsythe) protects more than 47,000 acres of Southern New Jersey coastal habitats. Of the refuge’s 47,000 acres, 78 percent is salt marsh. An important nesting habitat for coastal songbirds, the salt marsh acts as a nursery for young fish, butterflies, and turtles. Beginning in mid-September there is plenty for birdwatchers and fishermen to see and experience. Freshwater fishing opportunities are provided at Lily Lake in Atlantic County and Galloway Township. A boat launch for saltwater anglers is at Scott’s Landing in Smithville. Keep in mind, there are many closed areas on the refuge, and some activities, such as hunting, require permits. Check the website for current rules regarding pets, horseback riding, and off-road vehicles.


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©2009 Raymond James & Associates, Inc., member New York Stock Exchange/SIPC 09-BR3DD-0013 EG 9/09 The Forbes ranking of Best-In-State Wealth Advisors, developed by SHOOK Research is based on an algorithm of qualitative criteria and quantitative data. Those advisors that are considered have a minimum of 7 years of experience, and the algorithm weighs factors like revenue trends, AUM, compliance records, industry experience and those that encompass best practices in their practices and approach to working with clients. Portfolio performance is not a criteria due to varying client objectives and lack of audited data. Out of 29,334 advisors nominated by their firms, 3,477 received the award. This ranking is not indicative of advisor’s future performance, is not an endorsement, and may not be representative of individual clients’ SUMMER 2019 PRINCETON MAGAZINE | 25 experience. Neither Raymond James nor any of its Financial Advisors or RIA firms pay a fee in exchange for this award/rating. Raymond James is not

©2009 Raymond James & Associates, Inc., member New York Stock Exchange/SIPC 09-BR3DD-0013 EG 9/09 The Forbes ranking of Best-In-State Wealth Advisors, developed by SHOOK Research is based on an algorithm of qualitative criteria and quantitative data. Those advisors that are considered have a minimum of 7 years of experience, and the algorithm weighs factors like revenue trends, AUM, compliance records, industry experience and those that encompass best practices in their practices and approach to working with clients. Portfolio performance is not a criteria due to varying client objectives and lack of audited data. Out of 29,334 advisors nominated by their firms, 3,477 received the award. This ranking is not indicative of advisor’s future performance, is not an endorsement, and may not be representative of individual clients’ experience. Neither Raymond James nor any of its Financial Advisors or RIA firms pay a fee in exchange for this award/rating. Raymond James is not affiliated with Forbes or Shook Research, LLC.


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TREE HUGGERS WELCOME Pam and Roland Machold have spent 54 years nurturing Marquand Park By Ilene Dube Photography by Andrew Wilkinson


W

edged between Mercer Street, Stockton Street, and Lovers Lane, Marquand Park is a magical oasis in Princeton, a haven of tranquility among majestic and rare trees. Whether blanketed with snow or ablaze with autumn foliage, it offers serenity and community to youngsters and their parents, leaf lovers and tree huggers, ball players and picnickers, butterfly and bird mavens, or those just out to enjoy some fresh air. Most everyone who has ever lived in the area has a story to tell about the park. Such wonderlands rarely exist without the love and care of impassioned advocates. In 1965, Pamela and Roland Machold moved from New York City to 158 Mercer Street, right across from the park. Pam was nursing her first child when a newly acquired neighbor implored: “You have to come to this meeting to stop a road from being built through Marquand Park.” Thus began a 54-year commitment to protect the 17-acre arboretum. (And no, that road was never built.) The Macholds’ second son, Robert, a professor at NYU, met his best friend in the park’s sandbox, and Roly, the oldest, learned to roller skate there. Their daughter, Alysa, brings her children to play in the park. These days, Pam Machold, 79, loves to tell

stories about the park — in fact, she has so many she’s compiling them into a book (she’s already written and illustrated numerous pamphlets and monographs about the park). She and Roland, 82, trade off telling anecdotes, both on public tours (through the Institute for Advanced Study, the Historical Society of Princeton, the Princeton Garden Club, and the Present Day Club) as well as privately. On a particularly sticky spring day, their enthusiasm would not be dampened by weather, and for nearly four hours they shared their passion, never stopping for a re-application of sun block or even a sip of water. Walking with the assistance of a cane, Roland, a former marathon runner, maintained a pace that was hard to keep up with. As he recounted story after story, factoid after factoid, Pam followed with an armload of supporting documents, pointing to pages in a photo album to illustrate each point. They occasionally competed for air time — I could barely get in a question, though it turned out not to be necessary. The park was established in 1842 when Judge Richard Field, a Princeton University professor of jurisprudence and the first cousin of Commodore Robert Field Stockton (grandson of Richard “the Signer” Stockton), purchased a 30-acre farm. In 1855, he hired the architect John

Notman, known for such gems as Prospect House and Springdale on the Princeton University campus and Ellarslie Mansion in Trenton’s Cadwalader Park, to create a residence. Field was inspired by English gardens to develop the surrounding park with oaks and beech trees, a cedar of Lebanon, white pines, and rhododendron, and hired the English gardener Edward Noice. Subsequent owners planted a rose garden, Japanese maples, and Amur cork trees. In 1881 the property was sold to Allan Marquand, founder of the Art and Archaeology Department at Princeton University, and his wife Eleanor, a self-taught botanist who received an honorary degree from Princeton. It was the Marquands who named the residence Guernsey Hall, after the isle off the coast of England. By 1953, when both Marquands had died, the estate was divided. Seventeen acres were donated to what was then Princeton Borough for use as a public park, playground, and recreational area. The Marquand Park Foundation was created in 1954 to oversee its care and maintenance. “Open space wasn’t as valued back then,” Pam notes, explaining the Borough’s reluctance to restrict the use of the land in perpetuity as an arboretum. The property was eyed for a new Borough Hall, but the agreement stipulated that SUMMER 2019 PRINCETON MAGAZINE

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Illustrations by Pam Machold.

nothing could be built on the property for at least 10 years, during which time Borough Hall was built at another site. In the 1960s, Guernsey Hall was converted to condominiums by the architect Bill Short, and in 1979, Marquand House (one-time residence of a Marquand daughter and her husband) was bequeathed to the Institute for Advanced Study, which uses it to house guests and for special events and meetings. Legend has it that before he established Grounds For Sculpture at the New Jersey Fairgrounds, J. Seward Johnson Jr. had eyed the park as a site for a sculpture garden. Others fought for athletic fields beyond the park’s informal baseball diamond. “We always have had to fight to protect it,” says Pam. And yet “whenever we come, there are always the right amount of people,” says Roland. “In 54 years, it’s the same amount of people. Don’t tell too many about it — maybe you shouldn’t write your article.” Roland joined the Foundation board in 1969, but by the mid 1970s, when his work managing the state pension fund became all consuming, Pam replaced him on the board, serving as chair from 2012 to 2016. She’s still on the board, and gives talks about the park to the Princeton Garden Club and the Present Day Club. After 23 years, Roland retired from the state.

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PRINCETON MAGAZINE SUMMER 2019

Then, in 1999, Gov. Christine Todd Whitman invited him to serve as state treasurer. “I retired again in 2001 — and when I left the state budget still had a surplus.” Pam had studied art in college, and on her earliest visits to Marquand Park she would draw the trees. “The environment was my first interest, but there were no courses back then,” she says. After raising three children she went back to school and earned a master’s degree in physical therapy. She started the Princeton Child Development Institute, fulfilling a need she perceived from her experience parenting a child with autism. The Macholds lost a daughter, Elisabeth, when she was 3. A tree is planted in the park in her memory. In some ways, the park is like the Macholds’ fifth child. Their two grandchildren, 12 and 9, live in Anchorage, Alaska, but enjoy playing at Marquand Park when visiting. “They try out the equipment, build snow men, and climb the boulders,” says Pam. The sand area is named for Eleanor Forsythe, a Crossroads Nursery School teacher and granddaughter to Eleanor Marquand, who designed it as a legacy when she was suffering a terminal illness. Today the playground is home to 40 tons of sand and a fleet of Tonka trucks, a haven where toys are shared. As a model of a public-private partnership, the park is managed by the municipality, which

performs organic debris and large tree removal, trash pickup, mowing, mulching and playground maintenance. The Foundation is responsible for pruning, diagnosis and control of insects and diseases, the planting of new trees, weeding, and watering. In addition to signs on the trees, the Foundation installs QR codes linking to further information. Several years ago Pam brought in Bob Wells, a certified master arborist retained by the Morris Arboretum who has also chaired the Princeton Shade Tree Committee, to inventory the 170 varieties of trees and create a map. Wells now chairs the board. “He has brought new life to the park, as well as new volunteers to weed, prune, and take away debris,” says Pam. When an old cucumber magnolia stump, filled with concrete, proved to be an insurmountable obstacle, Wells and his crew turned it into a Little Free Library, one that looks like a Hobbit house, stocked with children’s books. “Before Bob came on board,” says Roland, “we had cleanup day once a year. We advertised it in the paper and no one ever came.” On further reflection, he recalled a time when a church group brought 65 volunteers. “We got a lot done that day — we collected 90 cubic yards of detritus.” Volunteer Andy Sutphin, a Princeton native, is committed to making the park as special for


SUMMER 2019 PRINCETON MAGAZINE

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his children as it was for him. “I learned to climb and fall in this park,” he says. “I met my best friends in the sandbox, playing with Tonka trucks.” He enjoys watching his children reading in, or hanging upside down from, a tree. This past spring, the Children’s Arboretum was officially launched. Children can plant their own saplings in raised beds, watch them grow, and even take them home. There is a table at which they can do their potting and dinosaur track-shaped stepping stones made from slices of dead trees. The park has all the usual problems that occur in nature — emerald ash borer, spotted lantern fly, invasive species, and deer — but careful monitoring and treatment help to keep everything in balance. A visitor senses paradise more than nature gone awry, especially when heading toward the section known as Magnolia Hill, where many varieties were blooming at the time of our visit. “Did you know that the saucer magnolia would not exist if not for a Russian bullet?” asks Roland. Étienne Soulange-Bodin (1774–1846), a cavalry officer in Napoleon’s army, was wounded during the retreat to Moscow, and retired to

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PRINCETON MAGAZINE SUMMER 2019

devote himself to developing trees, Roland says. “Soulange-Bodin crossed magnolia denudata with M. liliiflora to create one of the most popularly planted varieties today.” And then there are all those arboreal treasures, from a blight-resistant hybrid American chestnut and dawn redwood to bald cypress, a clone of the Mercer oak and zelkova trees developed by Princeton Nurseries as an alternative to the blighted elms. Roland has a story for each, often with a twist. “When the British came and established the colonies, they had exhausted their tall trees,” he says. “But it was fair game if the tree fell in a storm. That’s where the term ‘windfall’ comes from.” He talks about the different types of wood required for the wheel of a cabriolet, a carriage that predates metal and rubber. The spoke is made from oak or ash, the hub is made from tupelo, and the felloe, or outer rim, from oak or ash. Roland sits on a bench to tell the story of a 90-year-old resident of Guernsey Hall whose children donated a cherry tree to the park, within view of her window, that bloomed reliably on her birthday.

Did you know that the 17-year locust will return in 2021? Or that the American arborvitae, Latin for “tree of life,” was exported to Europe because it was said to cure scurvy? Its leaves are rich in vitamin C and can be boiled into a tea, and the wood was used to make canoes. Roland enjoys teaching these things to whomever will listen. In 2016, the park was the subject of a documentary, The Magic of Marquand Park, by Dominique Godefroy and Danielle DeVoe. It premiered at the Princeton Environmental Film Festival and can be seen through a YouTube link on Marquand Park’s website. “I always thought I’d get back into illustration again, but there are so many stories of rehabilitation here that I have to compile,” says Pam. “By taking care of a microcosm you can affect the world. Every time we come, it’s restorative. It’s like forest bathing. I believe we’re linked to this earth, we are attached to the same ground the trees are.” As the welcome sign says, “This park is a gift to you.”


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The Ins and Outs of Alfresco (and Almost Alfresco)

Dining

By Wendy Greenberg

A

Rat’s Restaurant at Grounds For Sculp

ture

sure sign of summer is when tab les and chairs are set outside at restaurants, frequently punctuate d by colorful umbrellas and accompanied by succulent summer menus. Whether you prefer an awning, an old-fashioned porch, or are a purist who shuns any barrier to the elements, now is the time to tak e advantage of the many alfresco din ing options in the area.


Mediterra

We love to celebrate the better weather by eating in — or near — the open air, even when clouds hang low. Patios are “great for people watching people, and people want to be seen too,” points out Carlo Momo of Mediterra in Princeton. If Princeton is a walking town, it is also an alfresco town. The streetscape is bursting with small tables and chairs at establishments along Nassau Street from east of Harrison Street at Trattoria Procaccini to outside at the Blue Point Grill, EFES Mediterranean Grill, Café Vienna, and PJ’s Pancake House; around to Palmer Square’s Winberie’s Restaurant & Bar, Teresa Caffé, Mistral, Mediterra, and Yankee Doodle Tap Room; down to Jammin’ Crepes; and many places in between. The Princeton Shopping Center on North Harrison Street has its own alfresco scene with Nomad Pizza, Surf Taco, and more. The tables and chairs don’t fold up at borough boundaries. In Lawrenceville, alfresco dining is part of the Main Street scene at Acacia, Fedora Bistro Café, and more. Sometimes patio dining appears when you least expect it … driving on West Upper Ferry Road in Ewing, past the New Jersey State Patrol headquarters, the red and blue umbrellas of Blooming Grove Inn pepper the neighborhood landscape. And Labebe in North Brunswick features authentic Mediterranean cuisine in a lovely outdoor setting.

Popular Princeton Patios Patio dining is often favored by guests at the Terra Momo Group restaurants. Mediterra at Palmer Square, Teresa Caffé, on Palmer Square East, and Eno Terra in Kingston, just up Route 27, each offer distinctive patio dining experiences. The curved outdoor space at Teresa Caffé winds from Palmer Square East toward Witherspoon Street and seats approximately 30 guests. It is very popular, reports chef and manager Toni Charmello, and the patio often develops its own waitlist. “During a busy dinner service, we may turn the patio over at least three times, serving 90-100 guests in that one section for the evening,” she says. A S-shaped bamboo half-wall contains the intimate patio, which is away from street traffic. The patio is perfect for a table of two or four guests, notes Charmello, and a great place to enjoy a glass of vino or prosecco, pizzetta or pasta, or a cappuccino with friends. Weather is always a challenge with alfresco dining. The patio at Teresa has a roof and outdoor heating, but in heavy rain and wind, no restaurant can shield outdoor diners completely, and, occasionally, diners ask to move inside. For a restaurant, an increase in the dining area — for Teresa, by a third — means extra planning on the part of the management. But patios are a welcome challenge, because they increase seating, and thus

Teresa Caffé

number of meals served, despite investments in architecture, permits, furnishing, and labor, and intricate kitchen planning. Named for family matriarch Teresa Azario Momo, Teresa Caffé features seasonal Italian fare such as Funghi Syle Pizza with Cherry Grove cheese, wild mushrooms, roasted pearl onions, thyme, and truffle oil; and Primavera Pasta with gemelli pasta, sweet peas, asparagus, mushrooms, basil pesto, and shaved Grana Padano, on both the lunch and dinner menus. The food and drink menus are seasonal, and during summer more dishes, cocktails, and wines are offered that complement patio dining. The bread is baked fresh, twice daily, at the nearby Terra Momo Bread Company. The Mediterra patio — which has a view of a courtyard, fountain, and Palmer Square West — can’t be beat for ambiance, especially with its romantic lighting at night. The patio is mostly enclosed and seats 60. “It’s the best patio around because it is set back from the street and the sun never really pounds it,” says Carlo Momo. The menu celebrates the cultures surrounding the Mediterranean with emphasis on Italian and Spanish flavors, paired with local farm offerings. For example, there is the Campanelle with local arugula, summer squash, goat cheese, parmigiano broth, black pepper, and pangrattato; and the Pasta-less Lasagna made with eggplant. Or for lunch, a Smoked Falafel Bowl or Veal Meatballs from the tapas menu. And, reminds Momo, “Sangria was made for patio dining.” SUMMER 2019 PRINCETON MAGAZINE

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Yankee Doodle Tap Room at the Nassau Inn

Eno Terra, where the menu is based on global wines and the produce and catches from local farmers and fishermen (plus the harvest from the Eno Terra Canal Farm), has a cozy patio secluded from the street. Bamboo fencing is enhanced with flowers and plants. “It’s tranquil and serene,” says events staff member Evan Beidler. The menu features global wines and menu items such as an Asparagus Potato Soup, Lamb Meatballs, and, among the entrees, Whole Branzino with tri-color cauliflower, cauliflower purée, saffron potato, and lemon caper beurre blanc. The patio at Mistral in Princeton is very popular with both nightly a la carte and group diners, says Beth Rota of the marketing staff. The area seats about 30-40 guests depending on the configuration, and a structured pavilion cover and large fireplace for heat and ambiance extend the patio beyond the summer into three seasons. “Our full a la carte menu can be enjoyed out on the patio,” says Rota. “Mistral has a menu that frequently changes with the seasonal availability of our area’s local farm products. The Mistral bar also has an extensive list with classic and housecreated cocktails. We also have a really good brunch menu.” Chef Scott Anderson, also of Elements restaurant, is a four-time James Beard Foundation Award semi-finalist for Best Chef Mid-Atlantic. Cooking with Chef de Cuisine Joe Mooney, they emphasize fresh, local ingredients and artistic plating,

all with an international flavor. For example, the dinner menu (depending on the night) can offer such eclectic items as Matzo Ball Soup with miso broth, tofu, shitake, and wakame; and Wild Ramp Tagliatelle with Jonah crab, asparagus, turnip, and lemon. The din on Palmer Square West could well be from the Yankee Doodle Tap Room at the Nassau Inn, which is great for people watching while being sufficiently tucked away for a peaceful meal outdoors at one of the 58 seats. You can often catch live music on the patio Thursday evenings throughout the season, and for those who enjoy a seasonal cocktail or craft beer, high top bar tables and interactive games are set up off to the side, allowing guests to bring their cocktails outside. While staffing and the weather are the universal challenges, “we’ve learned to watch the radar closely and make adaptations based off of forecast and past experiences,” says Jamie Volkert of the Nassau Inn. “The seasonality of the menu and the flavors that we introduce are emphasized with a little sunshine and fresh air.” A staff favorite is the new Mexican Street Corn Barbacoa Salad featuring romaine lettuce, roasted corn, frizzled onion, tomatoes, slow roasted beef, queso fresco, avocado, black bean, and ancho chile lime crema. “Alfresco dining makes people happy, and essentially that’s what we are in business to do,” says Volkert.

Lambertville Canal-Side New Jersey is blessed with waterfront dining, and that doesn’t just mean a location with an ocean view. In Lambertville, the outdoor tables at Hamilton’s Grill Room and Lambertville Station Restaurant and Inn overlook the Delaware and Raritan Canal. At the charming Lambertville Station, the outdoor area is very popular. Owner Dan Whitaker says that reservations are only accepted for indoor dining, but if the weather turns out to be nice, then “we do our best to accommodate outdoor requests first. We keep up to the minute with the weather, and if there is a sudden rain, there are other dining rooms we can use for seating,” says Whitaker. According to Whitaker, the customer base lives an average of an hour away, and 85 percent are repeat customers. “That says the most about a restaurant,” he says. “The food and service are consistent.” Of the many return patrons, a good number enjoy the Lambertville Station patio facing the street and canal. It is partially covered with an awning overlooking the restaurant’s own herb garden, and it’s dog-friendly. Many dog walkers stroll along the canal and want to take a lunch break. The dogs are welcome to sit by their owners, and are sometimes given water and snacks.

Mistral (3)

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PRINCETON MAGAZINE SUMMER 2019


Where To Go Acacia

Martine’s RiverHouse

Blooming Grove Inn

Mediterra

Blue Point Grill

Mistral

Café Vienna

Nektar

2637 Main Street, Lawrenceville 609.895.9885 www.acacianj.com 234 West Upper Ferry Road, Ewing 609.882.1150 www.bloominggroveinn.com 258 Nassau Street, Princeton 609.921.1211 www.bluepointgrill.com

Lambertville Station

Lambertville Station seats about 100 outdoors in what Whitaker describes as a “tranquil area” with landscaping. “People love it,” he said. The restaurant opened in a refurbished train station in 1985 but the outside area started slowly, about seven years ago. “When it’s a nice day, there’s nothing better,” he says. Lambertville Station has two seasonal menus, fall/winter and spring/summer. Guest summer favorites include, for brunch, Lobster and Crab Salad, Greek Shrimp Salad, homemade Gazpacho with farm to table vegetables, Seafood Crepe, and French Lobster Roll on a croissant. And, for a summer dinner, Scallops and Shrimp, Teriyaki Salmon (finished with cashews and a teriyaki glaze), and Chesapeake Style Lump Crab Cake. Lambertville Station is adjacent to the Lambertville Station Inn on the Delaware River, and the two work together for events. Right over in Pennsylvania, restaurants including Francisco’s on the River in Washington Crossing and The Landing, with its waterfront patio, and Martine’s RiverHouse — both in New Hope — overlook the Delaware River. The dining scene at Nektar on Aquetong Creek is framed by a sweeping weeping willow.

Patio as Art In Hamilton, the warm weather brings visitors to the scenic Grounds For Sculpture, and to the 70-seat terrace at Rat’s Restaurant, which is named for the character Ratty in Kenneth Grahame’s The Wind in the Willows. The entire restaurant is a vision from New Jersey-based artist J. Seward Johnson, and the outside terrace is inspired by works of art. Artist Claude Monet’s Bridge over a Pond of Water Lilies was completely recreated, explains Rat’s General Manager Michael Kurtz, including the weeping willow trees and light mist. When guests dine at Rat’s “they truly become part of the experience of the art,” he says. Echoing the challenges inherent in alfresco dining, he notes the unpredictability of weather, and accommodating the high volume of guests who wish to eat outside. “It’s a challenge and a reward to have such an incredible outdoor space that guests travel near and far to come experience,” he says. “We seat as many as we can on the terrace when the weather is cooperating, which means that on a beautiful day it can reach capacity quickly. The reward is truly being able to provide exceptional service to our guests. The space itself is so remarkable, and we love being able to provide a backdrop for guests to create memories and celebrate special occasions.” Some mouthwatering seasonal dishes to try include Seared Sea Scallop made with sweet pea puree, orange, and pistachio-pancetta relish; as well as the Rat’s Seafood Salad made with poached shrimp, calamari, lump crab, arugula, crispy shallots, and a lemon-herb vinaigrette. This is best paired with Rat’s seasonal “frosé,” which is made with Juliette Rose, Exclusive Vodka, strawberry puree, and fresh lemon juice. Outdoor dining choices abound. Wherever you dine, enjoy the warm nights, and the special atmosphere. There is a limited window until it’s time to fold up the tables and chairs.

200 Nassau Street, Princeton 609.924.5100 www.cafeviennaprinceton.com

14 East Ferry Street, New Hope, Pa. 215.862.2966 www.martinesriverhouse.com 29 Hulfish Street, Princeton 609.252.9680 www.mediterrarestaurant.com 66 Witherspoon Street, Princeton 609.688.8808 www.mistralprinceton.com 8 West Mechanic Street, New Hope, Pa. 267.743.2109 www.nektarnewhope.com

EFES Mediterranean Grill Nomad Pizza 235 Nassau Street, Princeton 609.683.1220 www.efesmediterraneangrill.com

Eno Terra

4484 Route 27, Kingston 609.497.1777 www.enoterra.com

Fedora Bistro Café

2633 Main Street, Lawrenceville 609.895.0844 www.fedoracafenj.com

Francisco’s on the River 1251 River Road Washington Crossing, Pa. 215.321.8789 www.franciscosontheiver.com

Hamilton’s Grill Room 8 Coryell Street, Lambertville 609.397.4343 www.hamiltonsgrillroom.com

Jammin’ Crepes

20 Nassau Street, Princeton 609.924.5387 www.jammincrepes.com

Labebe

2150 US-130 North North Brunswick 732.658.6400 www.labeberestaurant.com

Lambertville Station

11 Bridge Street, Lambertville 609.397.4400 www.lambertvillestation.com

The Landing

22 North Main Street, New Hope, Pa. 215.862.5711 www.landingrestaurant.com

Princeton Shopping Center 301 North Harrison Street, Princeton (Also in Hopewell) 609.285.5187 www.nomadpizzaco.com

PJ’s Pancake House

154 Nassau Street, Princeton (Also at 4581 Route 27, Kingston) 609.924.1353 www.pancakes.com

Rat’s Restaurant

Grounds For Sculpture 16 Fairgrounds Road, Hamilton 609.584.7800 www.ratsrestaurant.com

Surf Taco

Princeton Shopping Center 301 North Harrison Street., Princeton 609.356.0323 www.surftaco.com

Teresa Caffé

23 Palmer Square East, Princeton 609.921.1974 www.teresacaffe.com

Trattoria Procaccini

354 Nassau Street, Princeton 609.683.9700 www.getforky.com/trattoria-procaccini

Winberie’s Restaurant & Bar 1 Palmer Square, Princeton 609.821.0700 www.princeton.winberies.com

Yankee Doodle Tap Room 10 Palmer Square East, Princeton 609.688.2600 www.nassauinn.com/dining

SUMMER 2019 PRINCETON MAGAZINE

| 49


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’ WHAT S IN A NAME? THE FASCINATING HISTORY BEHIND PRINCETON’S STREET NAMES View of Nassau Street before Palmer Square, from Holder Hall.

BY ANNE LEVIN PHOTOGRAPHS COURTESY OF HISTORICAL SOCIETY OF PRINCETON

When it comes to the names of its streets, Princeton is a mix of the obvious and the curious. 56 |

PRINCETON MAGAZINE SUMMER 2019


NASSAU ST

Parade on Nassau Street.

makes sense that there are streets named for specific landmarks, past and present. Spring Street was once the location of a spring and pond, where residents skated during winter months. The quarry that stood on the present site of Quarry Street supplied the stones used for several buildings on the Princeton University campus. Brookstone Drive runs parallel to historic Stony Brook, Old Orchard Lane was once home to an apple orchard, and so on. But what about Tee-Ar Place? Lovers Lane? Broadmead? The origin of these, and nearly every street name in Princeton, is the focus of Princeton: On the Streets Where We Live, written in 1990 by Randy Hobler and Jeanne Silvester. The book is an exhaustive survey delivered with a light touch, full of enlightening anecdotes and nuggets of information. Contemporary tour guide Shirley Satterfield, known for her informative walks through the Witherspoon-Jackson historic district, and Mimi Omiecinski, whose Princeton Tour Company leads themed tours throughout the town, both use the book as a regular reference. In the book’s introduction, Hobler and Silvester quote attorney John Hageman about the sorry state of Princeton’s streets in the 1870s: “More money has been expended on the principal streets of the town…. They have been hardened with stone and gravel, but their improvements have not kept pace with other improvements of the town. If they could be properly graded and covered with the best quality of the asphaltum preparation it would be a grand improvement such as the characters and beautiful grounds and buildings of the town demand.”

IT

That “asphaltum” finally arrived on Nassau Street in the 1920s. Of the muddy roads of the 1880s, the authors quote an unnamed English visitor. “In many parts…the road is simply a mass of mud. I do not mean merely such mud as in many parts of England we are used to after rain, I mean thick, abiding mire — abiding, at least for several months together.” The authors’ research led to more revelations than they had room to include in the book. “It is frustrating not to be able to elaborate on the fascinating lives of so many far-sighted and remarkable people whether heroes, prophets, rascals, rogues, or those who gave their lives for their country,” they write in the introduction. “Our hope would be that readers will rush pell-mell to the bibliography for further stimulation to fill in the gaping holes. This is one way to merge the past with the present.” In a list that starts with Abernathy Drive and finishes with Worth’s Mill Lane, the book covers some 300 years of Princeton history. Streets have been added since the book’s publication, mostly in what was known as Princeton Township (before the Township and Borough consolidated in 2013). The authors note that despite Princeton’s sizable Italian and African American populations, only Humbert Street had an Italian reference (possibly a man named Umberto), and Paul Robeson Place is the only street honoring the African American community. As for women: “The one exception seems to be Farrand Road in the Russell Estates, honoring Beatrix Farrand, an outstanding landscape designer. Or was it named after her husband Max?” Sylvia Beach Way, the entrance road to the Spring Street Garage, has since been added to the town, honoring the author who grew up in Princeton. SUMMER 2019 PRINCETON MAGAZINE

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UNIVERSITY PL

University Hotel, built in 1875-76 on the busy corner of University Place (then called Railroad Avenue) and Nassau Street..

Like many cities, towns, and villages, Princeton has its share of “tree administrator; Wiggins Street for Dr. Thomas Wiggins, master’s degree streets” — Walnut, Chestnut, Pine, Spruce, Linden. “In the late 1800s from Princeton’s Class of 1753 and owner of a 20-acre farm including governing bodies named streets after trees in the hope that trees would a house that stood where Princeton Public Library is now located; and be planted along them,” the authors wrote. “Locally we can thank the Westcott Road honoring John Howell Westcott Jr., Class of 1918, killed in Stocktons, Pynes, Fields, Russells, Branch, and other land owners for the World War I. The list goes on. variety and quality of the trees in As for Baker Court: “We hope Princeton.” that this street is named in memory Not surprisingly, numerous of Hobart Amory Baker,” the Princeton thoroughfares are authors wrote. Hobey Baker, Class named after Princeton University of 1914, was a much-admired professors and other members University hockey player idolized of the academic community. by novelist F. Scott Fitzgerald, Cuyler Road honors Cornelius who based at least one character C. Cuyler, Class of 1879 and a on him. Like Westcott, Baker was trustee and chairman of buildings killed in World War I. and grounds, and his son Lewis B. Early streets in Princeton were “Buzz” Cuyler, Class of 1924, a named for founding families or banker and president of the local notable individuals such as Richard historical society. Carnahan Place Stockton, signer of the Declaration was named for James Carnahan, of Independence; Revolutionary the longest-serving University War General Hugh Mercer; and president (1832-1854); Vreeland George Washington. Later, there Court for Williamson Updike was Wilson Road (Woodrow Vreeland, Class of 1892 and Wilson), Albert Einstein Drive, professor of French (his wife was Eisenhower Street, Carnegie president of the Present Day Club); Drive, Clay Street, Cleveland and Von Neumann Drive takes its Lane, and Madison Street. name from John von Neumann, the Paul Robeson Place was first a Spring Street looking toward Vandeventer Avenue, Vandeventer Pond, and the Beatty House. famed mathematics professor at lane which led to the Rev. Henry the Institute for Advanced Study who helped develop the atom bomb. Van Dyke’s house, known as Avalon, from Bayard Lane. From Witherspoon Then there is Wittmer Circle for Albert Wittmer, Class of 1922, Street to John Street, it was known as Jackson Street, “developed by basketball and football coach; Veblen Circle, named for Oswald James Green in the 1830s and called after his hero, U.S. President Andrew Veblen, math professor at Princeton and Institute for Advanced Study Jackson,” the book noted. The renaming of the street for actor/activist

SPRING ST

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PRINCETON MAGAZINE SUMMER 2019


WITHERSPOON ST

Nassau Street and Witherspoon Street.

Robeson in 1976 is somewhat ironic, considering Jackson’s known racist Tee-Ar Place is the work of developer Theodore Roosevelt Potts, who used beliefs. his initials to name this street. Potts built Princeton Shopping Center in 1954. Tulane Street is named for the Broadmead, the authors wrote, Tulane family. French Hugenot was once a farm known as Strawberry Louis Tulane settled in Princeton Hill. Part of the White City after escaping from Guadeloupe development (so-called because the during a slave uprising in 1795. stucco on the houses was then white), His son, Paul, made a fortune it was sponsored by Moses Taylor selling men’s clothing in New Pyne for faculty housing starting in Orleans. He bought Lowrie 1910. 171 Broadmead is the former House at 83 Stockton Street (now Princeton Country Day School for the official home of Princeton boys through the ninth grade. “In University presidents), and offered 1928, in town tradition, 19 ladies to give a large endowment to the of the Broadmead neighborhood University in 1882 if the name of objected, by petition, to the Prospect the school was changed to Tulane. Avenue location for a school,” wrote When the trustees declined, he the authors. “The site was changed to gave the money to the University the west side of Broadmead.” of Louisiana, “which gratefully Of Green Shadows Lane, they became Tulane University,” the wrote: “Perhaps the loveliest name authors wrote. “He was known of all Princeton’s streets. Yes, it for his generosity, shrewdness, really has green shadows.” and colorful language. Due to In the painstaking process of the wide swath he cut between writing of On the Streets Where We Princeton and New Orleans, he Live, Hobler and Silvester talked with quite possibly would have wished builders, real estate agents, residents, New Jersey and Pennsylvania Traction Co. trolley, 1904-1922. for a more prominent highway in and municipal staff. “In some cases, his memory. The statue on his grave in the Princeton Cemetery faces away it took as many as 15 telephone calls to obtain satisfactory information,” they from the University but looks toward Cedar Grove.” (The neighborhood wrote in their epilogue. The authors end by proposing fewer streets named where he was born.) after trees, and more celebrating the lives of accomplished Princeton men As for Lovers Lane, the name came “not from a spooning spot but from and women, “certainly more women. Our short list includes Waxwood, Fox, a corruption of the name Lubberly or Loofborough (many spellings),” wrote Sigmund, Conover, Hulit, Van Zant, Peyton, Phox, Steadman, the Indian Chief Hobler and Silvester. “He was a farmer who owned property on the present Tainmered, Dodge, Pyne, Updike, Annis, Carnevale, and maybe Hobler and Guernsey Hall site in 1807.” Silvester. Why not?” SUMMER 2019 PRINCETON MAGAZINE

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Kimaotis@aol.com A Trusted Legal Advisor To Princeton Families For 30 Years 60 |

PRINCETON MAGAZINE SUMMER 2019

Princeton Home Marketing Center 253 Nassau Street · Princeton · 609-924-1600 · foxroach.com © BHH Affiliates, LLC. An independently operated subsidiary of HomeServices of America, Inc., a Berkshire Hathaway affiliate, and a franchisee of BHH Affiliates, LLC. Berkshire Hathaway HomeServices and the Berkshire Hathaway HomeServices symbol are registered service marks of HomeServices of America, Inc.® Equal Housing Opportunity. Information not verified or guaranteed. If your home is currently listed with a Broker, this is not intended as a solicitation


Homes to Love in Princeton

30 Vandeventer Avenue — Grab a coffee. Catch a movie. Attend a lecture on campus. Leave your car in the brand new driveway! All of this and so much more are at the doorstep of this turn-of-the-century Queen Anne in a heart-of-town location. Although many improvements are obvious, such as all new bathrooms, the preservation of period details were top priority. Wood floors, French doors and a pretty staircase greet you in the foyer. The kitchen is large and bright with granite countertops and sliders to a sundeck above the deep backyard. Don’t miss the glorious third floor! $1,199,000

44 Scribner Court — Perched on a tree-studded lot in ever-desirable Russell Estates, this brick residence offers a refreshingly unexpected floorplan that functions superbly for daily life and special occasions alike. The kitchen is perfectly proportioned with a huge island and a box-bay breakfast area. French doors throughout the main floor open to an expansive deck basking in woodsy serenity. Hardwood floors continue up to 4 bedrooms arranged to accommodate changing needs. The master suite features his and her balconies. Enjoy the bonus of a finished basement. $1,200,000

994 Stuart Road — This extraordinary home is nestled into a woodland setting so serene it feels worlds away from civilization, yet just around the bend are two of Princeton’s most favored private school campuses. The creatively expanded floorplan includes everything from open, central spaces for socializing to out-of-the-way nooks as snug as a cocoon. What all these areas have in common is the benefit of many skylights and clerestory $1,690,000 windows inviting in sunshine and blue-sky views.

63 Greenhouse Drive — Elegance, seclusion, and accessibility are hallmarks of this beautifully built 8-yr old home on prestigious private lane within walking distance of town and gown. The stone and stucco exterior is enhanced by balconies with wrought iron railings and covered stone terraces. 10 ft, 12 ft, and 20 ft ceilings with banks of windows fill the home with light while welcoming in the lush wooded views. Large formal rooms, extraordinary kitchen family room, and 5 bedroom suites. $2,600,000

“Real estate has been the perfect profession for me, a lifelong Princetonian with a love of architecture and people. As a broker associate for over 30 years, I have guided sellers and buyers in Princeton and the surrounding communities through the ups and downs of the real estate market. Educating and supporting my clients - past, present, and future - are my primary goals. Real estate is my passion and every day brings new relationships and opportunities.” — Barbara

Barbara Blackwell Broker Associate 4 Nassau Street, Princeton, NJ 08542

(609) 921-1050 Office (609) 915-5000 Cell bblackwell@callawayhenderson.com For more information about properties, the market in general, or your home in particular, please give me a call. Each Office Is Independently Owned And Operated. Subject To Errors, Omissions, Prior Sale Or Withdrawal Without Notice.


A Tradition of Quality since 1963

Cindy Napp Sales Associate ABR, ePRO, SRES

Looking for a Beach House? Design • Service • Value

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Find us on Facebook and Instagram

Prosthodontics of Princeton Dr. Steven Isaacson and Dr. Suzanne Reinhardt are proud to welcome Dr. Alexander Drew to our family at Prosthodontics of Princeton. Dr. Drew is a maxillofacial prosthodontist. He completed his undergraduate training at Johns Hopkins University where he graduated Phi Beta Kappa. He is a graduate of the University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine. After completing dental school, he earned a specialty certificate in prosthodontics and a Master’s of Science from Columbia University College of Dental Medicine, where he was the chief resident. He then completed a subspecialty fellowship in Maxillofacial Prosthetics and awarded a certificate from Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. Dr. Drew is a member of the American

62 |

PRINCETON MAGAZINE SUMMER 2019

College of Prosthodontics and the American Dental Association. He is an associate fellow of the American Academy of Maxillofacial Prosthetics and author to research publications in high impact scientific journals. He was a former Assistant Professor of Dental Medicine at Columbia University. Dr. Drew enjoys everything from general dentistry, including simple fillings, to the more complex full mouth rehabilitations. As a maxillofacial prosthodontist, he is also able to treat patients requiring esthetic and restorative dentistry, including implants, crowns, and removable prosthetics (dentures), as well as patients in need of rehabilitation due to acquired and congenital defects of the head and neck. He has experience fabricating extraoral and intraoral prostheses including obturators. He is accustomed to working cooperatively with ENTs, oral surgeons, plastic surgeons, neurologists, oncologists, radiation oncologists, speech pathologists, anaplastologists, pediatricians, and general as well as specialty dentists. The team at Prosthodontics of Princeton is dedicated to providing top-quality comprehensive dental care to patients in the Princeton, NJ, and surrounding areas. You might be thinking, “What is a prosthodontist?” Prosthodontics is one of nine dental specialties recognized by the American Dental Association. A prosthodontist is a dentist who specializes in the esthetic restoration

and replacement of teeth. A prosthodontist receives three years of additional training after dental school. We are the dental care experts who help keep teeth looking their best so people may maintain their beautiful smiles. Drs. Isaacson, Reinhardt, and Drew at Prosthodontics of Princeton are able to treat a wide array of issues from small fillings to more complex reconstruction. Whether you just need to see the hygienist for a cleaning or require a prosthodontic or maxillofacial consult, Prosthodontics of Princeton is the place for you. We are happy to treat your entire family! For more information, please see our website or call our office to schedule an appointment. Trust the experts with your smile! (609) 924-1975 www.prosthodonticsofprinceton.com

Cosmetic, Reconstructive, Maxillofacial Prosthetic Dentistry


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Creating Beautiful Smiles 601 Ewing Street, Suite B-4 | Princeton, NJ 08540 609.924.1975 For more information:

prosthodonticsofprinceton.com

Steven C. Isaacson, DMD No. 3517 Suzanne B. Reinhardt, DMD No. 5543 Alexander S. Drew, DMD


field forward into the future,” reports Dr. Perlman, Co-Director of PSJC’s regenerative medicine division and Co-Editor of the forthcoming book, Regenerative Medicine for Spine and Joint Pain. “It’s really the best of both worlds. At PSJC I get to spend time involved in research and lecturing but at the end of the day, what I love most about my role is the PRINCETON SPINE & JOINT CENTER opportunity to use that knowledge and expertise to sit down with a Princeton Spine & Joint Center (PSJC) is patient one-on-one and map out a treatment plan celebrating its 11th year in practice in Princeton, together to get that person out of pain and back NJ. Founded by husband and wife team and to their active and pain-free life. Nothing feels Princeton natives Drs. Bracilovic and Cooper, better than knowing that I’ve helped someone live PSJC has focused on getting people out of a better, less painful life. And I get to do it every pain and back into their active lives without day in a beautiful town where I love to live.” surgery. Over the years, it has grown into a seven Dr. Curtis is the Director of the sports doctor group. Its doctors are board certified and medicine division at PSJC and notes, “I loved fellowship trained. Between them, they have living in North Jersey and working with the New authored and edited 18 medical texts in their York Jets and Seton Hall University Athletics but field. Their doctors are recognized as national and I equally love working with Princeton University international leaders in their field. athletes and the local high school and junior “We have chosen to live in Princeton and high school athletes.” Dr. Curtis emphasizes raise our families here. At the same time, we are taking his time with each patient to be sure to still passionate about research and moving our

PSJ HP.indd 1

arrive at an accurate diagnosis and then giving the patient all the essential information so they can make a plan of action together based on the patient’s particular needs and goals. “One of the things I also emphasize,” Dr. Curtis notes, “is the importance of a maintenance treatment program to help prevent future injury once the acute injury is resolved. Sometimes this involves carefully evaluating the mechanics of the particular sport. Sometimes this involves uncovering muscle imbalances that may have contributed to the injury in the first place. Solving an acute problem is important, and that’s the first step. But making sure future injuries are prevented is also a really important part of comprehensive treatment. At the end of the day, we don’t take care of MRIs or just an injury. We have to take care of the whole person.” One of the developments that Dr. Bracilovic is enjoying is her new role as Director of the dance medicine division. PSJC is proud to be an official provider for Princeton Ballet School and Dr. Bracilovic has a particular passion for educating and helping dancers stay healthy and dancing well into the future.

(609) 454-0760 • www.princetonsjc.com

Do you want to avoid or get off of your medications? Let’s see if we can do it safely and appropriately. Call for an appointment today.

Aly Cohen, MD, FACR Integrative Medicine Rheumatology Internal Medicine 601 Ewing Street, Suite B-1

Princeton, NJ 08540

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(609) 436-7007

4/10/19 2:15 PM


After 22 seasons in the NFL, including two championships with the New York Giants, you can believe that I’ve had my fair share of injuries. What’s important to me now is staying healthy, playing with my son, and staying active without pain.

Through my years I’ve seen a lot of orthopedic and pain management doctors and I’ll allow only the best doctors on my team. That’s why now, I trust the doctors at Princeton Spine and Joint Center to keep me out of pain and on my game without resorting to surgery or dangerous medications. The doctors at Princeton Spine and Joint Center are incredible. They take their time and they listen to you whether you play on a team or sit in an office. They work with you to craft a treatment plan to achieve your goals safely and quickly. Look, I live close to NYC and Philadelphia, and I could go anywhere in the world for my orthopedic care. After seeing scores of doctors, it just doesn’t get any better than the team at Princeton Spine and Joint Center. If you have pain and you want to stay active, be pain-free and receive cutting edge care, call them now and get on the road back to the active life you want to lead.

— SEAN LANDETA

At Princeton Spine and Joint Center, we specialize in the latest medical treatments to get people of all ages and abilities better and back to their best performing selves without pain and without surgery. Our Regenerative Medicine Division offers the latest in restorative tissue treatments, including PRP. Our doctors are co-editing along with the chairperson of Mount Sinai’s PM&R department the new textbook, “Regenerative Medicine for Spine and Joint Pain,” and the second edition of “Essential Sports Medicine.”

Now offering same day appointments, because we understand that when you have an injury or significant pain, you need to be seen right away. Treating people from ages 8 to 108. Grant Cooper, MD Ana Bracilovic, MD

Zinovy Meyler, DO Marco Funiciello, DO

Scott Curtis, DO Zachary Perlman, DO

Jason Kirkbride, MD Ziva Petrin, MD

601 Ewing Street, Building A-2, Princeton • 256 Bunn Drive, Suite B, Princeton (609) 454-0760 • www.princetonsjc.com


NAVIGATING THE LABYRINTH

UWE REINHARDT, TSUNG-MEI CHENG, PAUL KRUGMAN, AND THE U.S. HEALTH CARE CRISIS

?

BY DONALD GILPIN

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? ?


H

Krugman and Cheng at Labyrinth Books. (Photo courtesy of Labyrinth Books)

ave you tried recently to obtain health insurance or choose a health care Medicare and Medicaid continue to be popular. Health insurance is also available for provider? Tried to find out the price for a procedure or surgery? Tried to most employees through their workplaces. understand the bill from your doctor or the statement from your insurance As the 2020 election approaches, Republicans are still calling for the repeal of company? the ACA, with few indications of how they would replace it. Democratic presidential More critically, have you been unable to afford a necessary surgery candidates favor a range of proposals from single-payer (“Medicare for all”), a or crucial prescription in this wealthy country, where health care government-operated program like that of Canada and the United costs so much more and delivers so much less than the health Kingdom; to various plans to improve on the ACA, including care systems of every other advanced country? public option alternatives in which the private marketplace “Confusion, ignorance, and misinformation are rampant would be bolstered by some sort of lower-cost, public-sponsored out there,” said Princeton University Research Scholar Tsunginsurance for those who cannot afford the market price for quality Mei Cheng, speaking with Nobel Prize-winning economist insurance. Paul Krugman at an April 30 Labyrinth Books event featuring REINHARDT, A “BELOVED TEACHER” the recently published Priced Out: The Economic and Ethical Costs of American Health Care, written by Cheng’s late husband Reinhardt, who died in November 2017 at age 80 and had taught Uwe E. Reinhardt, renowned health policy expert and Princeton at Princeton for almost 50 years, wrote a regular column for the University economics professor. New York Times’ Economix blog. He was regarded as one of Emphasizing Reinhardt’s drive to combat the chaos, the most influential health economists and health policy experts inefficiency, and, inequity surrounding health care in the U.S., in the country, and Princeton University President Christopher Cheng, one of the world’s top experts on health care systems, L. Eisgruber described him as “one of this University’s most argued that the real debate, and all the controversy over the beloved teachers.” Affordable Care Act (ACA, also known as Obamacare), though A New York Times obituary referred to him as a “listened“conducted in the jargon of economics and Constitutional to voice on health care policy” and “a national conscience in federal-state relations,” is not about economics and the policy debates about health care.” He was known for his ability Constitution at all. to advise and work with legislators and politicians on both sides “The heart of the debate,” for Cheng and for Reinhardt, of the aisle and for his ability to explain and clarify the most “is a long-simmering argument over the following question on complex health care issues for a broad audience. distributive social ethics: To what extent should the better off All of the remarkable attributes noted above are apparent in members of society be made to be their poorer and sick brothers’ Priced Out, which combines scholarly, in-depth analysis with rich and sisters’ keepers in health care?” she said. “That is the (Courtesy of Princeton University Press) insight, delightfully sharp humor, and deep moral seriousness — question. Social ethics was a big thing for Uwe.” all in consistently clear, engaging prose. Health care could be the key issue in the 2020 election. Voters have consistently Cheng, at the Labyrinth forum, which was attended by a standing-room-only crowd indicated that affordable health care is a priority, and health care reform bills continue of more than 150, described how her late husband’s thinking on health “was driven by to be debated in Congress. his values.” The ACA, despite numerous court and legislative challenges, is still in effect, and SUMMER 2019 PRINCETON MAGAZINE

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Princeton University Research Scholar Tsung-Mei Cheng. (Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Kevin Birch)

She described his childhood. “Uwe knew what it meant to be poor. He grew up in post-war Germany, where his family often went hungry.” As a young man, he ran away from Germany to Canada, landing in Montreal with only $90 in his pocket. “Uwe talked about how he and his family had health insurance in Germany,” she said. “Every German had health care insurance. Without that he might not have survived childhood.” Cheng went on to read a quote from Reinhardt: “We had health insurance, like everyone else in Germany. I have never forgotten that, and I would like Americans to have what I had and my mother had when I was a kid, so that is why I care.” She continued, “So Uwe believed that everyone should have health care that is based on medical need, not the ability to pay. That is the basis of his work and his advice to anyone who would listen. He was a well-trained economist with a heart.” KRUGMAN

40

In his conversation with Cheng, Krugman, New York Times op-ed columnist, an economics professor at CUNY Graduate Center, and emeritus professor of economics and international affairs at Princeton University, talked about his own attempts to understand the complications of the U.S. health care system. Claiming not to be a health economist, “though sometimes I play one on TV,” Krugman said, “I learned when I first was getting into this around 2005, I didn’t know a blessed thing. Fortunately, I had America’s best health care economist down the hall. I always could rely on Uwe.” Krugman discussed Reinhardt’s perspective on health care. “Way back in 1992 he wrote a paper that talked about ways you can have health care, ways you can achieve coverage, and basically he said there’s no single way that you have to do it,” Krugman noted. “You can do it different ways. You can do it singlepayer. You can do it regulated and subsidized. What you can’t do is have a system like the U.S. system that leaves a lot of people out in the cold.” In a March 21, 2019 New York Times op-ed titled “Don’t Make Health Care a Purity Test,” Krugman, looking ahead to the Democratic presidential primaries, presented an argument similar to Reinhardt’s, arguing that the Democrats don’t need to be purists for single-payer, “Medicare for All.” Rather, he argued, a “Medicare for America” plan, with a private-insurance component, could also work. There are multiple ways to achieve universal coverage. The Democrats, he contended, need to debate, decide on their best strategy, and unify behind that plan. He cited the Commonwealth Fund survey of major nations’ health care systems. “America always comes in last,” he wrote. “In the latest edition, the three leaders are Britain, Australia, and the Netherlands,” which have three radically different systems. “Many people realize, I think, that we’re the only advanced country that doesn’t guarantee essential health care to its legal residents,” he added. “My guess is that fewer realize that nations achieve that goal in a variety of ways — and they all work.”

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Figure 5.1 U.S. Adults More Likely Than Those in Other High-income Countries to Skip Needed Care

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United States Switzerland France Germany Japan Norway Canada Austria Denmark Netherlands United Kingdom Australia Italy Spain Korea

12.3 11.5 11.3 10.7 10.4 10.4 10.3 10.2 10.1 9.6 9.1 8.9 8.8

“WONDERLAND”

7.6 0

5

10

20

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3,500 3,000

(CHARTS COURTESY OF PRINCETON UNIVERSITY PRESS)

Percentage of GDP Figure 1.1 Percentage of GDP Claimed by Health Care

Physicians Administrators

Growth (%)

2,500 2,000 1,500 1,000 500 0 1970

1975

1980

1985

Figure 1.15 Growth of Physicians and Administrators

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PRINCETON MAGAZINE SUMMER 2019

1990

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Cheng and Krugman went on to discuss some of the bizarre attributes of what Krugman called “the American health care wonderland — and that’s not in a positive way.” The first section of Priced Out is titled “A Visual Stroll Through America’s Health Care Wonderland.” “You ask ‘what does a particular procedure cost?’ and the answer is, ‘well, it sort of depends,’” Krugman said. “Providers charge vastly different prices,” said Cheng. “We started to ask questions about that, and we never could get a straight answer. I called Princeton Hospital and wanted to know what they charge for a normal delivery, and I never got an answer, even after repeated calls. Then Uwe called in and asked about the price for a regular colonoscopy. ‘It depends,’ they said. He never could get a straight answer. Prices are all over the place.” Krugman mentioned the consumer-driven health care movement of the early 2000s. “But it’s impossible to find out what things cost,” he said. “You can’t make choices the way you can in other marketplaces, the way you choose a new car or a piece of furniture. The information overload is impossible.” Cheng agreed, “Consumers of health care should be given information on price and quality, both of which are missing in all this great big talk about consumer-driven health care.” If two of the most knowledgeable economists in the country find themselves in a wonderland of insufficient information and unsatisfactory answers to their queries,


Krugman at Labyrinth Books. (Photo courtesy of Labyrinth Books)

what hope is there for the rest of us to understand the health care world in which we must make literally life-and-death choices? Krugman described the frustrations of trying to understand medical insurance. “I took early retirement from Princeton and moved to City University of New York,” he explained. “Princeton has a standard health insurance plan for its employees, but CUNY has 19 different insurance plans from different providers that you can choose from. “And I sat there and said, ‘I know something about health care. I can figure this out,’ but I couldn’t make heads or tails of the choices, so I went to HR and said to them, ‘Can you explain to me the difference between these plans?’ And they said, ‘No.’ And since I have two jobs and the New York Times has a standard plan for its employees, I went with the Times’ plan.” “IT’S THE PRICES, STUPID”

Frequently citing Reinhardt’s book, Krugman and Cheng went on to discuss the reason for high U.S. health care costs. Referring to studies done in a number of different countries, Cheng noted, “The prices vary a lot, but the highest prices are always in America.” Krugman pointed out that Reinhardt’s most cited paper was “It’s the Prices, Stupid,” a comparison of the U.S. with other countries. “We spend vastly more on health care, but he was able to show that we don’t actually get more health care,” Krugman said. “We just pay more for it.” Cheng added, “He showed why health spending is so high, why health care is so expensive, and the No. 1 reason is prices. We spend a whole lot more for the same thing that people in other countries get, a whole lot more.” She claimed that the complexity of the system and the extremely high overhead expenses are also to blame for exorbitant health costs. “There’s a number that Uwe has in Priced Out,” Krugman added, “that for every doctor there are 16 other people involved in health care, of whom six are in clinical roles, nurses, and so on. The other 10 are in one way or another administrators, basically billing clerks. It‘s amazing — as we said, a wonderland.” LOOKING OVERSEAS FOR CLUES

Arguing that we can learn from many other countries that have successfully created health care programs, Krugman pointed out that there is an abundance of information and evidence available. “Often in the U.S. we talk about things as if there wasn’t the

rest of the world to learn from,” he said. “But in fact, every other advanced country has some form of universal health coverage, and they do it in a bunch of different ways. We have lots of metrics for comparing, so there’s no excuse for throwing your hands up.” Among the many different examples discussed in Priced Out and mentioned by Cheng and Krugman is Taiwan’s successful system, which Cheng and Reinhardt helped to establish. Reinhardt, as an advisor to the Taiwan government, recommended the single-payer system for Taiwan in 1989. Within six months the government accepted his recommendation, and in 1995, with the guidance of Reinhardt and Cheng, implemented what Reinhardt, for the sake of clarity and down-to-earth understanding, renamed “the one-pipe system.” Today, according to Cheng, 99.99 percent of the people in Taiwan are insured. “Uwe recommended this single-payer system for Taiwan because it is the most affordable system that people can access,” she said. “Everyone gets the same health care regardless of your socio-economic status. And secondly, the single-payer system is effective for controlling costs.” Reinhardt, “when he had the opportunity to start from scratch in Taiwan was basically for Medicare for all,” Krugman added, “but he saw that the trouble is that our political system is too corrupted by money. But you can do it in other ways, and the polycentric system is less likely to be corrupted by the flows of money in American politics.” Cheng concurred, “The Medicare-for-all system would not work in the U.S. because we do not have a dominant system of governance. Can you imagine physicians’ groups accepting the government’s set fees? The answer is no.” For the U.S., Cheng said, Reinhardt would recommend a system such as the system in Germany, Switzerland, or the Netherlands, with private health insurance funds or social insurance sickness funds, prices that are negotiated between providers and payers, and a standard fee schedule. “There is not the kind of price discrimination that is so rampant in our system,” she said. In his foreword to Priced Out, Krugman describes Reinhardt’s depiction of “a system that’s both cruel and inefficient.” He writes, “What emerges from all of this is a devastating portrait of a system that doesn’t just consume huge resources to no good end, but denies care to many Americans, not because it would really be too expensive to provide, but because the system prices them out by making care arbitrarily expensive — and/or rations health care in ways that are fundamentally indefensible.” Cheng titled her epilogue to the book “Health Reform for a Kinder America.” She begins that epilogue with a quote from her late husband: “The issue of universal coverage is not a matter of economics. Little more than 1 percent of GDP assigned to health could cover all. It is a matter of soul.” SUMMER 2019 PRINCETON MAGAZINE

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| BOOK SCENE

Summer Reading in the City BY STUART MITCHNER

N

o beach for me. Right through my teens into my twenties, I summered in the city. Better to be simmering in Manhattan than summering in Bloomington, Indiana. The Lovin’ Spoonful’s “Summer in the City” is a great song, sheer euphoria, especially when you know they’re singing about the Apple: “Been down, isn’t it a pity/Doesn’t seem to be a shadow in the city.” Down is right: “All around, people looking half dead/Walking on the sidewalk hotter than a match head.” I never thought “it’s a pity” that “the days can’t be like the nights.” I just headed for Central Park or Washington Square. No air-conditioning cools my memories of New York summers. Whether in walk-ups on Christopher or West 87th or East 53rd, the windows were open, the hydrants were gushing, the kids were splashing, and I was reading and sweating. But of course, reading is cool in itself. You can bask in a book, suck oxygen from it, get drunk with it. It’s your best friend, your companion, your pet. It’s also a pleasure to watch someone in the act of reading on a summer’s day. Like the barefoot girl stretched out in Central Park in John Cuneo’s charming May 6 New Yorker cover. She’s leaning on her elbows over an open book while her snoozing dog uses her for a cushion, head back, paws hovering above the volume it seems to have been reading as it dozed off, a whimsical touch that suggests the fate of all summer-drowsy readers; soon enough the girl herself may nod off, her head pillowed in the open book. SOME HARD CHOICES

As for what to take with you this summer, hardcovers cost more and weigh more, while paperbacks have the advantages that prompted the lords of publishing to create them in the first place. I don’t do ebooks or audibles, but they, too, have obvious advantages.

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PRINCETON MAGAZINE SUMMER 2019

Beginning with hardcovers, a brand-new novel by Titusville resident Ellen LaCorte, The Perfect Fraud (Harper Collins $26.99), promises to keep you wide awake. Kirkus Reviews says “This is a dark, dark thriller, and the villain is absolute. But alternating voices allow for a more nuanced building of tension …. LaCorte delves deeply into horrible things that humans do — and, as in life, not all evil is punished — but still offers hope and healing in the end.” According to Publishers Weekly, “Mysticism and medicine intersect with dramatic results in LaCorte’s accomplished page-turning debut …. Those who like a dash of the supernatural in their thrillers will be well satisfied.” A book of interest to fans of Harper Lee and true crime fiction who might want to read it while rereading Truman Capote’s In Cold Blood, Casey Cep’s Furious Hours: Murder, Fraud, and the Last Trial of Harper Lee (Knopf $26.95) “explains as well as it is likely ever to be explained why Lee went silent after To Kill a Mockingbird.” Writing in The New York Times Book Review, Michael Lewis goes on to suggest that it’s in Cep’s “descriptions of another writer’s failure to write, that her book makes a magical little leap” and “goes from being a superbly written true-crime story to the sort of story that even Lee would have been proud to write.” Margaret Atwood’s The Testaments (Nan A. Talese $28.95) is a sequel to The Handmaid’s Tale, which has found a new generation of readers thanks to the Hulu series starring Elisabeth Moss. The sequel begins 15 years after Offred stepped into the unknown, with the testaments of three female narrators from Gilead. It also comes with a message from the author: “Dear Readers: Everything you’ve ever asked me about Gilead and its inner workings is the inspiration for this book. Well, almost everything! The other inspiration is the world we’ve been living in.”


PAPERBACK POSSIBILITIES

Among paperbacks, there’s Andrew Sean Greer’s Less (Back Bay $15.99), winner of the 2018 Pulitzer Prize in fiction. In a New York Times Book Review notice, Christopher Buckley says, “Laughter is only a part of the joy of reading this book. Greer writes sentences of arresting lyricism and beauty. His metaphors come at you like fireflies.” Less is “excellent company” and “no less than bedazzling, bewitching, and be-wonderful.” The 2019 Pulitzer Prize winner, already in paperback, is Richard Powers’s The Overstory (Norton $18.95), which novelist Ann Patchett calls “The best novel ever written about trees, and really just one of the best novels, period.” For Nathaniel Rich in The Atlantic, “Powers is the rare American novelist writing in the grand realist tradition .... He has the courage and intellectual stamina to explore our most complex social questions with originality, nuance, and an innate skepticism about dogma.” One the most critically acclaimed novels in recent history, Tommy Orange’s debut work of fiction There There (Vintage $16), now available in paperback, has aroused excited responses from other novelists, including Colm Tóibín (“Sweeping and subtle … pure soaring beauty”) and Louise Erdrich (“Welcome to a brilliant and generous artist who has already enlarged the landscape of American Fiction”). A graduate of the Institute of American Indian Arts MFA program and an

enrolled member of the Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes of Oklahoma, the author was born and raised in Oakland, California, and currently lives in Angels Camp, California. READING MANHATTAN

My favorite books about New York range from Henry Roth’s epic of the Lower East Side, Call It Sleep, to Patti Smith’s caffeinated West Village memoir M Train. Ultimately, no author has done more for Manhattan and Central Park than New York City native J.D. Salinger, who was born 100 years ago January 1, 1919. Millions of readers have come to the city for the first time in The Catcher in the Rye and had their first view of Central Park through the eyes of Holden Caulfield. I’d like to think that even with the skyline surrounding the park becoming disfigured by highrises devoid of beauty or character, someone will still be summering under a tree reading a Central Park story like Salinger’s “The Laughing Man,” or, better yet, one of the new pieces about the Glass family he was working on for 40-plus years in New Hampshire. It’s too bad that his centenary isn’t being celebrated with the publication of new work, or, at least, with his extraordinary summer camp novella, “Hapworth 16, 1924.” At least Little Brown is planning centenary editions of his published fiction.

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IS ORGANIC FOOD REALLY HEALTHIER AND DOES IT WARRANT THE EXTRA EXPENSE?

Written by Paul and Joanne Profeta

The title to this blog represents a debate that has raged for quite some time now. People understand that organic farming is more expensive because the process requires more manual labor and prohibits the use of chemical pesticides and herbicides, GMOs, etc. In conventional farming the soil has become simply a “placeholder” for the plants and has no nutritive value due to the fact that all minerals, nutrients and microbiology have been killed by the pesticides and herbicides sprayed on the fields. So how does a conventional farm grow crops in dead soil? Simply by bombing the soil with synthetic fertilizers. The plants absorb these chemicals and grow. They get no nutritive value from the minerals and microbiological organisms that used to be in the now-depleted soil before they were bombed out with pesticides and herbicides. On an organic farm, the soil is the nutrient base for the food that is grown. It is enhanced with organic amendments like compost, minerals, eggshells, mushrooms, etc. These soil amendments add to the microbiological diversity of the soil and maintain a high nutrient dense composition. When seeds are planted in this kind of soil the roots absorb the nutrients

and incorporate them into the plant itself. By eating these plants, you are absorbing the nutrient dense fertility of Mother Earth the way it used to be and is still supposed to be. This is a much more expensive process and more labor-intensive. The crop yield from a conventional farm that has been “hyped” with synthetic chemical fertilizers is significantly greater than the yield from an organic farm that is generating strictly organically raised vegetables. That is one of the main reasons for the differential in price. In addition, organic farmers are prohibited from using synthetic pesticides or sprays if there is any infestation of insects. For example, if there is an invasion of Japanese Beetles, an organic farmer has to hire labor to go out and pluck the Japanese Beetles off the plants by hand one by one. This is labor-intensive, time-consuming and expensive. But you are not getting any pesticide residue in your food! The conventional farmer just sprays the crops with chemical insecticides that end up in your food. Here is why organic food is worth the difference in cost. There are very few studies that have been done and there is a good reason why. Studies require lots of participants (thousands of people to be statistically projectable) and are extremely expensive. Studies are funded by the major chemical and drug companies that have billion-dollar products they are trying to sell. There is no organic farm that can begin to fund a major national study. For that reason, you see very few of them. Howev-

Paul and Joanne Profeta. Founders of Profeta Farms LLC.

er, the Cleveland Clinic recently published an article entitled “A Diet of Highly Processed Junk Foods Could Kill You.” THAT IS A PRETTY BLUNT TITLE. They found that “junk food and convenience foods may simplify your life, but they can also endanger it. They found that “people who regularly consume a significant quantity of foods the researchers termed “ultra-processed” are at an INCREASED RISK OF DEATH. These foods include packaged snacks, soft drinks, breads, candies, processed meats and frozen meals. Over 44,000 adults participated. On average more than 29% of their total calories came from ultra-processed foods. The study took 7 years. The researchers concluded that every 10% increase in the amount of ultra-processed foods consumed increased the risk of death by 14%. Ultra-processed foods tend to be high in calories, carbohydrates, salt and fat and low in fiber and vitamins. In addition, they may contain harmful food additives and contaminants.” That is pretty blunt talk from one of the most respected medical institutions in the country. The New York Times cited a study that was led by the Center of Research in Epidemiology and Statistics Shoban Pare Cite of the French National Institute of Health and Medicine Research. This French study followed 70,000 adults and found that FREQUENT CONSUMERS OF ORGANIC FOOD HAD 25% FEWER CANCERS OVERALL THAN ADULTS THAT DID NOT EAT ORGANIC FOOD. “Frequent consumers of organic foods had 76% fewer lymphomas, 86% fewer non-Hodgkin’s Lymphomas, and a 34% reduction in breast cancer.” The Wall Street Journal published an article citing a study by Alex Lu, an Associate Professor of Environmental Exposure Biology at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. Lu concluded that organic food is

healthier than conventional food. He states that: “It only makes sense that food free of pesticides and chemicals is safer and better for us than food containing those substances, even at trace levels.” One fascinating thing he discovered was that within five days of substituting organic produce for conventional produce, pesticides disappeared from the urine of the children he was testing. In other words, the benefits are practically immediate. And finally, the Associated Press just came out with an article entitled “FDA: Toxic Compounds Found in Our Food.” This article states: “The Food and Drug Administration found substantial levels of a worrisome class of nonstick, stain-resistant industrial compounds in some grocery store meats, seafood and in off the shelf chocolate cake according to FDA researchers. Last year’s federal toxicology review concluded that the compounds are more dangerous than previously thought, saying consistent studies of exposed people ‘suggest associations’ with some kinds of cancers, liver problems, low birth weight and other issues. These compounds are called PFAS or per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances. The compounds have been dubbed ‘forever chemicals’ because they take thousands of years to degrade and because some accumulate in people’s bodies.” It is tragic that most people in our country do not want to focus on our food supply and the damage caused by consuming ultra-processed foods. Think about it. The most popular restaurant in the country is McDonald’s. Most people are more concerned with convenience, price and taste/texture than nutritional benefits. The connection between food and health just does not seem to be on most people’s radar screen. Is there any wonder that two thirds of us are overweight, about a third of us are morbidly obese and that dialysis is the fastest-growing medical procedure in the country? We have a crisis in this country which is simply not addressed by any of our leaders. We are eating ourselves to death. Not only are the amounts inordinately large, but the ingredients are unhealthy. The research cited here shows convincingly that ultra-processed foods can lead to significant health issues, and that the chemicals used to grow foods conventionally wind up in our bodies. People who choose to ignore the benefits of organic foods can eat at their own risk. SPONSORED CONTENT


AFTER READING THAT, YOU MIGHT FEEL FORCED TO CONSIDER EATING MORE HEALTHY FOODS. ODDLY ENOUGH, SOME PEOPLE THINK ORGANIC FOODS ARE BLAND AND TASTELESS. THEY FEEL THEY ARE RELINQUISHING THE FUN OF EATING. THAT OPINION IS COUNTER INTUITIVE. IN FACT IT IS JUST THE OPPOSITE. WHICH FOOD IS GOING TO HAVE MORE FLAVOR AND RICH TEXTURE — A PRODUCT THAT WAS PICKED FRESH FROM THE FARM THAT DAY OR A PRODUCT TRUCKED IN FROM CALIFORNIA OR FLOWN IN FROM A FOREIGN COUNTRY? TRY THESE SELECTIONS AT OUR FARM STORE THAT ARE MADE FROM FRESH, WHOLESOME, ORGANIC FOOD PICKED THAT DAY OR THE DAY BEFORE. IF THESE ARE NOT THE BEST TASTING FOODS YOU HAVE EVER EATEN, I WILL GIVE YOU YOUR MONEY BACK........ NO QUESTIONS ASKED. AND REMEMBER, YOU ARE EATING JUST THE FOOD AND NO PESTICIDES, HERBICIDES, HORMONES, GMOS, INSECTICIDES, FILLERS OR PINK SLIME.

803 US Highway 202 | Readington, NJ | ProfetaFarms.com


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Princeton Magazine, Summer 2019  

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Princeton Magazine, Summer 2019  

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