Princeton Magazine, Spring 2021

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PHOTOGRAPHERS Jon Roemer Charles R. Plohn Jeffrey Edward Tryon

CONTRIBUTING EDITORS Laurie Pellichero Ilene Dube Justin Feil Donald Gilpin Wendy Greenberg Anne Levin Stuart Mitchner Donald H. Sanborn III Taylor Smith

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70 62




In a Zen-inspired structure, beauty appears in simplicity


Continuing a family legacy of public service







PU digital project explores the iconic bookstore’s influence in literary history

The Philadelphia Flower Show moves outside 22




Princeton University Student-Athletes Benefit from Pods During COVID


Rhapsodies in green, from graphics to Greta







New medical innovations you may have missed 40



Now legal for recreational use, it’s about to make a big impact in the state




ON THE COVER: A Zen-inspired home on Lake Carnegie. Photography by Jon Roemer.









| FROM THE EDITOR Welcome to the spring issue of Princeton Magazine, where you will discover a wide range of informative articles on architecture, politics, medical breakthroughs, green energy, spring outings, and student-athletes training in remote pods during COVID. Princeton is a picturesque town, but it is especially lovely in spring. The flowering pear trees lining Witherspoon Street and the Yoshino cherry trees leading up to the Battle Monument rival those in Washington, D.C. There is an abundance of flowering magnolia, Japanese apricot, and Okame cherry trees on the grounds of the University. Some of my favorite spring blooms on campus are the wisteria vines climbing the stone walls of the Graduate College and the Japanese hydrangea at Foulke Hall. We can thank Beatrix Farrand for these beautiful and enduring vines that date back to the early 1900s when she was the University’s first consulting landscape architect. Later she went on to design over 200 gardens and was one of the founding members, and the only woman, of the American Society of Landscape Architects. Some of her most glamorous projects were private gardens for John D. Rockefeller Jr. and J.P. Morgan, and public gardens at Yale, the New York Botanical Garden, and the White House. I discovered and fell in love with the charming garden behind Prospect House several years ago during a Princeton Magazine cover photo shoot of economist Ben Bernanke. The garden was designed by Mrs. Woodrow Wilson, who lived in the house from 1902 to 1911 while her husband was president of the University. The garden’s intimacy put me at ease as I spoke with the former chairman of the Federal Reserve. The calming effects of nature was of great importance to the owners of the Lake Carnegie lakefront house on our current cover. Ilene Dube’s article reveals the owners’ strong connection with nature, water, and stone. The Zen-inspired custom home was designed by Richardson Smith Architects and built by Pinneo Construction. If you are looking for ways to decompress and enjoy nature, these next two stories will be of help. Laurie Pellichero’s article on Spring Escapes will inspire you to pack a picnic and put on your hiking shoes to explore flora and fauna. Gardeners who might want to get out and smell the roses will enjoy Donald Sanborn’s story on the Philadelphia Flower Show. For the first time since its debut in 1829, the show will be held outdoors at Philadelphia’s Franklin Delano Roosevelt Park, which will allow visitors to immerse themselves in things that are growing. After attending the show, visitors can explore the 348-acre park that was designed by the Olmsted Brothers, a landscape architectural firm established by the sons of Frederick Law Olmsted, known for designing Central Park. We are fortunate to be near many parks, trails, mountains, the Delaware River, and Jersey Shore. Stuart Mitchner’s selection of books on green energy brings to light the science and politics behind keeping our environment healthy.




Speaking of books, Wendy Greenberg has written a story about a Princeton University digital humanities project preserving Sylvia Beach’s records from Shakespeare and Company. Beach lived on Library Place while in Princeton before she opened her dream bookshop in Paris. The store was geared towards Americans and her members, many from the Lost Generation, would borrow books. She kept detailed library records of books borrowed by James Joyce, Ernest Hemingway, Gertrude Stein, and others. The archive has been brought to life by digitization and technology. Technology and medical innovation are the topics of Taylor Smith’s article. She points out the many important medical breakthroughs that occurred in 2020 while we were focused on COVID-19 and the race for a vaccine. You might not be aware that there is now a blood test that will determine the likelihood of developing Alzheimer’s disease and there have been radical improvements in treating multiple sclerosis, diabetes, cystic fibrosis, heart disease, and more. Princeton University student-athletes stayed healthy while living and training together in small remote pods scattered across the country, as well as in Canada and England. The arrangement came about last year when Ivy League fall and winter sports were canceled, and Justin Feil connected with participants for his article. The players bonded and the experience was positive for their mental and physical health. Medical marijuana has been used to treat chronic pain, Alzheimer’s disease, epilepsy, and other ailments. New Jersey recently legalized recreational marijuana and it represents a huge economic opportunity for the state. This is a political hot topic and Don Gilpin’s article points out the many important challenges that lie ahead. Anne Levin’s interview with New Jersey Congresswoman Bonnie Watson Coleman ties in both politics and health. Watson Coleman is currently serving her fourth term as a U.S. Representative and was the first Black woman to represent our state in Congress. The 76-year-old Ewing resident is a cancer survivor and recovered from COVID-19 after being exposed on January 6th during the U.S. Capitol siege. In closing, Bob Hillier and I want to thank our advertisers for their continued support and our readers for their many kind words of encouragement during the pandemic. We wish you all good health and happiness as spring blooms appear, and life slowly returns to normal. Respectfully yours,

Lynn Adams Smith Editor-In-Chief

Photography by Charles R. Plohn

Dear Readers,





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The world can be noisy — not just with sound, but external stimulation. To find the quiet within, it helps to have a soothing space in which to retreat.


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home on Lake Carnegie designed by Richardson Smith Architects, built by Pinneo Construction, offers just that sort of respite. Except for such striking features as a black steel stairway that wends like a sculptural spine, and a single red chair in the master bedroom, most everything is a gradation of white. Contrast comes in the textures. There is no clutter to spoil the calm — many of what appear to be walls are a grid of cabinets. Everything has its place. There are no knobs or pulls to interrupt — the flat white cabinets pop open with a gentle tap. Even the pocket doors slip quietly into their slots. Furnishings continue the serenity. A dining table is white with black chairs, a sofa is gray, and Noguchi floor lamps made from white rice paper offer function without fuss. Minimalist artwork continues the black-andwhite theme, and even the flowers outside, when in season, bloom white. After a short time one’s eyes adjust, so when a homeowner presses the remote, raising a shade, the clutter of the outside world is jolting. The house has been a multi-layered collaboration: between the environment and the lake area; the architects who in turn collaborate with history and a world view; the homeowners who have a sensibility for the spare; and a builder with a Stanford University master’s degree in East Asian studies. With its eagles and hawks, herons and cormorants, rowers and skaters, runners and wildlife enthusiasts, the lake allows visitors to feel as if they are somewhere else, not centered between the largest metropolitan areas of the East Coast. The watery oasis came into being in the early 20th century, when namesake Andrew Carnegie had it dammed up at the request of rower Howard Russell Butler. Legend has it that Butler raised the idea while painting a portrait of the industrialist and philanthropist. CONNECTION TO NATURE

The homeowners had worked with Richardson Smith 20 years earlier, putting “an addition onto an addition” to their house on Prospect Street. This time they were seeking a contemporary minimalist home on the lake with “a Japanese aesthetic — it dominates our tastes.” (The homeowners have requested

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anonymity; all quotes are from the husband.) That aesthetic includes straight lines and a strong connection with nature, water, and stone. The wife was born and raised in Japan, and the two sought an abundance of natural light and a “clear connection to the outdoors.” Another Japanese concept the couple required was genkan: an entryway to the home that provides a place for the removal of shoes. “We never wear shoes indoors,” they say, and guests are expected to follow suit. The house offers a genkan at every entry, with storage for coats, gloves, scarves, hats, and of course shoes. A Japanese soaking tub is sunken into a space that cantilevers over the pool, allowing a bather to submerge while surrounded with water views. The house is energy efficient with solar panels, radiant heat, and a passive heating and cooling system. There is even a green roof with planters for growing vegetables over the kitchen. As empty nesters, the couple wanted a separate wing that would serve as accommodations for their grown children and hoped-for grandchildren, and that could be closed off when not in use. A separate guest quarters, primarily for visitors from Japan, has its own entrance. Even before the pandemic-induced isolation, the homeowners knew they would be spending most of their time domestically and had envisioned a quiet sanctuary for reading books, a place for their grand piano, a home office, and a large exercise room — all with a view of the lake. “We tend to cook a lot,” they wrote on their wish list, and so a functional kitchen was a priority. They also clean the house themselves and requested unobstructed surfaces to facilitate that. Among the reasons to live on the lake was the couple’s desire to spend time outdoors (“where we can witness the drama of nature — a fox and her pup, or an owl swooping down on field mice”), reading, having coffee, observing nature, kayaking and sailing, and swimming in a pool. In the end they got two pools — both a 75-foot lap pool and a wading pool, surrounded by black granite. “We are enraptured with the composition of the house and its environment,” says the owner. “The mood and appearance of the house is constantly evolving depending upon the season we’re in, the weather at the moment,


Moon Garden Lap Pool Terrace Pool

Stepped Green Terrace

Main House

Lake Carnegie



Natural Area


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and the time of day. Light and shadow play important roles here, given the glass and, particularly, the fairly monochromatic materials used.” He invokes writer Pico Iyer’s description of the Japanese aesthetic as ‘being less about accumulation than subtraction, so that what remains is everything.’” Additionally, “we like the fact that we generate the lion’s share of the electricity we consume; can shut down the heating and cooling of rooms not in use; and can take advantage of some minor ability to passive heat on sunny winter days.” With three levels of wraparound terraces, “one can take in a sweeping bird’s eye view of the lake from the rooftop terrace or at a different angle from our bedroom, as well as different cat’s eye views from the pool or family room. The kitchen and living room provide additional vistas.” FROM VISION TO REALITY

Tom Pinneo of Pinneo Construction got involved in planning from the beginning, offering insight into the construction that would make the design possible. “I’m a fan of architecture even when ornate, but with contemporary architecture, alignment matters more,” he says. “There’s no place to hide defects, such as under the molding. With clear sight lines there are few places to reconcile irregularities.” Pinneo’s insight on building an energy efficient home with so much glass

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was important, as were his connections with professionals to subcontract the millwork for the cabinets and the steel staircase. “Much of the glass was floor-to-ceiling and wall-to-wall, meaning that in many cases there was no blank wall to absorb small discrepancies or minor miscalculations,” says Pinneo. “Compounding that challenge was that the windows were manufactured in Holland and, due to the stainless-steel finish, had a 10-month lead time. We had to commit early, trust that our vendor would deliver, and still make provisions for progressing with the project long after we’d typically have the building enclosed.” As for those wall-to-wall cabinets, “Behind the modern exterior are super functional pullout drawers with a place for everything. As with so much else in the home, the simplicity of design belies the effort that went into the planning and execution.” “Given that our work is 100 percent custom,” continues Pinneo, “I often say we’re building the prototype and the finished product at the same time. We’ve never built the same thing twice.” He compares project manager Mike Danna to “the conductor of the orchestra.” “The Taoists opened my eyes to skill, and I followed that introduction into carpentry,” says the one-time East Asian philosopher. “To grossly

oversimplify things, the Taoists believed that what we truly know in this world are those things we know from doing. Spend the day with a framer laying out a roof, a stone mason building a chimney, or a carpenter building a stair rail, and you’ll get a taste of a kind of intelligence that, as the Taoists knew, was easy to recognize but difficult to describe.” TEAMWORK

Richardson Smith Architects is made up of Juliet Richardson and Terence Smith. The two met while studying architecture at Princeton University — Richardson earned both bachelor’s and master’s degrees there (1978, 1981), while Smith earned his Master of Architecture degree from Princeton in 1979. Having studied under Michael Graves, they worked for his firm before branching out on their own in 1986. The two were married at one point but have not been married for many years, though continue their business partnership and camaraderie. Both have served on the Princeton faculty. Among the things they took away from their experience in Graves’ firm was “attention to detail, the proper use of scale, wise material choices, and the knowledge that a building’s relationship to its landscape is fundamental,” says Richardson. With 12 architects in her lineage, Richardson notes there was never a time she didn’t know she would become one. Her great-grandfather, Henry Hobson Richardson, was the namesake for Richardsonian Romanesque, a revival style architecture incorporating 11th- and 12th-century southern French, Spanish, and Italian Romanesque characteristics. The great-grandson of inventor and philosopher Joseph Priestley, one of Henry’s most wellknown buildings is Boston’s Trinity Church. Father of American Landscape Architecture Frederick Law Olmsted worked on many of his projects, and Richardson, Frank Lloyd Wright, and Louis Sullivan are considered the trinity of American architecture. Juliet Richardson has trekked the remote Sapa region of northwestern Vietnam and circumambulated the Annapurna Range in Nepal. “That trek is the highest non-technical trek in the world going over the Thorung-La Pass with an altitude of just under 18,000 feet,” she says. “Not all people can travel unaided by oxygen to those heights. The stone grave markers along the route are testament to this.” On the ascent, Richardson continues, “one travels through a living lesson in environmental sustainability, as the crops turn from rice, to maize, to wheat, to barley, to buckwheat, the higher one climbs. Farm to table is not by choice.” These experiences have shaped her as a person and how she works. “When problems arise in life or on a project — and they always do — try having a little perspective. You have no idea how blessed we are.” Her travels have also taught her to know strengths and weaknesses. “We all have limitations. Not everyone is good at everything nor can they do everything. When managing a project, be honest about what you know, and what you do not know. The outcome will always be better than bluffing about your expertise.” And then there’s the importance of teamwork. “Only the foolhardy trek alone,” she says. To that end, she and Smith “are actively involved in the design from start to finish. At the beginning we often work separately, sketching our initial ideas from our own workspaces at different ends of the office. We then meet halfway in the conference room to see where we are. We like to tell our clients that they benefit from having two heads imagining their project rather than just one.” Though their roles can vary from project to project, Richardson focuses on project design, interior finishes, and landscape design, managing drawing production and documentation. Smith is in charge of project administration with a focus on project detailing and lighting design, and coordinating with consultants. “There is no doubt that our new home has provided a remarkable sanctuary from the pandemic,” says one of its dwellers. “The views and the space eliminate any cabin fever, while the gym, pool, and lake access have not restricted our ability to get exercise. We attend concerts, movies, and lectures virtually, so the confinement has really not troubled us. We know that we are exceedingly fortunate in that regard.” After an invigorating swim, he will pause at the far end of the pool to survey activity on the lake — the rowing team, kayakers, an occasional red-tailed hawk — and think “there is no other place in the world I would rather be.”

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“HABITAT: NATURE’S ” MASTERPIECE The Philadelphia Flower Show Moves Outside By Donald H. Sanborn III The annual Philadelphia Flower Show will be presented outside for the first time. The 2021 event, “Habitat: Nature’s Masterpiece,” will take place June 5-13 at Philadelphia’s Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) Park, which will enable it to occupy 15 acres. In a blog post for the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society (PHS) website, “The 2021 Philadelphia Flower Show: Five Reasons You Won’t Want to Miss It!,” Communications Manager Marion McParland notes that the 348-acre FDR Park, which opened in 1914 as League Island Park, is “a registered historical district … designed by the Olmsted Brothers company [landscape architects Frederick Law Olmsted Jr. and John Charles Olmsted] in the early 20th century. Created with the park’s natural features as the canvas, paths were carved out of tidal marshes, through gentle hills and around huge shade trees, with Meadow Lake as the centerpiece.” A PHS press release promises that the Flower Show’s move to the outdoor venue “will allow for new creative expression and horticultural displays as well as social distancing and the health benefits of being outside.” The release notes, “This departure from the show’s typical late winter timing is in response to the pandemic.” Sam Lemheney, PHS chief of shows and events, recalls that, in March 2020, “We closed down the 2020 show, and a week later the pandemic shut down Philadelphia as well as the rest of the country. So we were very lucky to get our show in.”

This echoes a comment by Patricia Frawley, a past president of the Rutgers Master Gardeners of Mercer County, who has visited “at least 15” iterations of the Philadelphia Flower Show, including the 2020 exhibition. “It couldn’t have been better timing! You look back at such good memories.” For Frawley the Flower Show represents “a promise of spring, a promise of possibility. It’s usually the first flower show, so it’s the first opportunity to immerse yourself in things that are growing. There are always new ideas, new colors, new everything.” The Philadelphia Flower Show debuted in June 1829, two years after PHS was founded. It took place at Masonic Hall, on Chestnut Street. In “Yesterday’s Flower Show” (Green Scene, March 2000), Wilbur Zimmerman notes that the inaugural event “featured fruits, vegetables, flowers, and other plants … it was recorded in the minutes that the ‘Brilliant exhibition owes its merit to the individual patronage and contributions of gentlemen amateurs and professional cultivators.’” America’s involvement in the World Wars caused the show to be canceled; there were no exhibitions in 1917-1918 or 1943-1946. In “Three Centuries of History Lead to Today’s Philadelphia Flower Show” (Montgomery News, February 2015), Dan Sokil observes that during the war years “flowers were luxuries. While flowers continued to be used for weddings, birthday celebrations, and funerals, the number and variety diminished and the floral trades suffered.”

(Photo by Rob Cardillo Photogaphy. Courtesy of the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society) SPRING 2021 PRINCETON MAGAZINE

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Vintage postcards of League Island Park.


Fortunately, the pandemic has not caused the 2021 Philadelphia Flower Show to be canceled. However, it became clear that the Pennsylvania Convention Center, where the exhibition has been held since 1996, would not be viable. “We didn’t think [the pandemic] was going to last as long as it did, so for the first couple of weeks we were planning for the 2021 show [to take place at] the Convention Center again,” Lemheney says. But as it became clear that the pandemic was going to preclude an indoor event, PHS began to explore the possibility of presenting the show in an outdoor venue. A virtual event and a drive-through exhibit were among the possible alternatives that were discussed. Lemheney recalls, “That was an interesting conversation. But we finally came to the conclusion that having an outdoor show, and then pushing it to later in the season, was probably the right thing to do.” PHS began “looking into locations around Philadelphia and making sure there was enough room so that people could social distance,” Lemheney continues. He notes that the eventual selection of FDR Park, which is adjacent to South Philadelphia’s Sports Complex area, is largely due to the need for “access to major highways, and public transportation.” Safety is the primary factor. “We’re working with the health department of the City of Philadelphia,” Lemheney says. Precautions include

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The original League Island Park plan by the Olmsted Brothers, 1913. (Courtesy of Free Library of Philadelphia, Map Collection)

timed and dated entry, to ensure “enough room for social distancing. We’re requiring masks, and we’re going to do regimented cleaning,” PHS has stated that it “will continue to work closely with health officials leading up to the show.” (Visit for ticket information.) DESIGNING AND CONSTRUCTING AN EXHIBIT

Like past shows, “Habitat: Nature’s Masterpiece” will provide exhibition opportunities to both amateur enthusiasts and professional designers.

Masonic Hall, the site of the first Philadelphia Flower Show in 1829. (Wikimedia Commons)

Lemheney admires the “amazing landscapes and designs” created by the professional designers every year. But, he is quick to emphasize, “we also give just as much attention to the novices or the nonprofessionals — who work with a lot of garden clubs, a lot of schools — who enjoy, as a hobby, doing full designs.” In her blog post McParland explains that the show is divided into three districts: Design, Garden, and Plant. “The Design District will present internationally renowned landscape and floral designers. In the Garden District, you’ll find hands-on instructions for starting your own garden, no matter what your experience level is. In the Plant District, visualize your own designs with a showcase of beautiful plants.” Asked which designers will be presenting, Associate Director of Communications Sin Gogolak replies, “We can’t announce our list of designers and exhibitors yet, but they will hail from around the country.” Lemheney adds, “There are still a lot of designs in process [of being completed]. We have a lot of designers that have been a part of the show … and then we have some great new designers.” He is eager to see how the designers are going to interpret “Habitat” in an outdoor location. Exhibits must be constructed quickly. The PHS website notes that designers “are given only five days to build their exhibits from the ground up to be show ready.” When the event is over they “are only given three days to completely remove their exhibit from the show floor.” To assist designers

Floral designs, flowers, and plants to be judged, and arts and crafts for sale at previous shows.(Photos by Jeffrey Tryon) SPRING 2021 PRINCETON MAGAZINE

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A rendering of the PHS Philadelphia Flower Show grounds. (Courtesy of the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society)

who are not based in Philadelphia, “PHS pairs them up with a local contractor that will manage the build, and help with local plant sourcing and maintenance of the exhibit throughout the nine days.” Because the show will be outside for the first time, designers have a new factor to consider: the possibility of inclement weather. Gogolak asserts that a postponement or cancellation is unlikely. “The exhibits will be designed to withstand the weather and outdoor elements,” she says. “The Flower Show is a rain or shine event, barring a weather situation that might cause us to close the entire show for safety reasons.” FUNDRAISING FOR COMMUNITY WORK

Gogolak emphasizes that “the Flower Show is a major fundraising event that supports all the community work that PHS does all year long.” Lemheney elaborates that the show supports, “the staff and the programs that help to improve the health and the well-being of individuals, using horticulture — throughout the city, and throughout the region. We use the Flower Show to communicate that message; designers incorporate that into their designs as best that they can.” “Adding more trees to the environment helps global warming,” Lemheney continues. “It is about the full picture. When you come, your ticket dollars go to enjoying the Flower Show, but the proceeds go to supporting all the programs that we have throughout the rest of the year.” One such program is Young Gardeners. According to the website, “PHS works with

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teachers and students to explore the world of gardening at an early age with the hope of creating a lifelong love of horticulture.” The curriculum includes “hands-on training on plant and tree care,” and “support for creating a ‘Green Plan’ that explains the vision for each school’s garden.” The society’s Green City Teachers training program “provides educators, parents, and gardeners with a focused curriculum on how to start a school garden.” Another project is the Philadelphia LandCare Program, which transforms vacant lots into gardens. In 2019 PHS collaborated with the National Wildlife Federation, which gave it funding to plant 50 pollinator gardens “on LandCare sites in proximity to Fairmount Park,” says LandCare’s Project Manager Samir Dalal in a PHS blog post. “Each pollinator garden consists of approximately 300 native plants that support a healthy ecosystem.” The post states that “Pollinator gardens like these create a healthier ecosystem by helping to mitigate the impacts of climate change.” APT THEME

“Habitat: Nature’s Masterpiece,” the title of the 2021 Flower Show, clearly is apt for an outdoor event. But Lemheney says that the theme was not chosen because of the change in venue. “We choose our themes about two to three years in advance, so we actually had already picked ‘Habitat’ as the theme for the show.” The title would have been used for an exhibit at the Pennsylvania Convention Center, but it “just happened to work really well for an outdoor show as well, so we kept it.”

“The designers of the exhibit will be taking inspiration from how plants impact and affect our lives in our habitats every day,” Lemheney adds. He notes that the designers will consider “how plants are habitats for all kinds of animals — big or small.” “An outdoor location gives us a lot of options to offer the designers,” he says. “For example, some of the larger trees can be incorporated into their exhibit to create wonderful walkways. We’re also going to create some picnic areas ... that will be incorporated into the habitat theme.” Lemheney’s passion for the exhibition comes naturally. “I’m originally from this area,” he says. “My grandfather owned a landscape nursery, and my father owned a flower shop. Both of them have exhibited at the Flower Show in the past. When I was growing up my father curated the exhibit at the old Civic Center, where the Flower Show was.” Lemheney started his own career with the Walt Disney Company, eventually becoming area manager of the Epcot International Flower & Garden Festival, before returning to his roots at PHS. “I’ve always had an affinity and a love for the Philadelphia Flower Show,” he says. He is excited about the event’s upcoming iteration. “What a great place to be: outdoors! We’ve been stuck indoors for a long time, and haven’t been able to go anywhere. “We’re doing everything that we can do to make this show safe, so we hope that everybody will come and enjoy the Flower Show. You’ll be able to learn and get inspired.”

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Princeton women’s lacrosse players Grace Tauckus, Taylor DeGroff, Sam Fish, Ellie Mueller, Meg Curran, and Mary Murphy explore the Grand Canyon.


ridget Murphy expected to be a passenger when her mother picked her up from the airport in November, but mistakenly climbed into the car on the driver’s side. “I got in thinking it was the other side of the car and I just started laughing,” recalls Murphy. “I said, ‘This is going to take some getting used to.’” The Summit, New Jersey, resident had just returned from Canterbury, England, a town with roughly twice the population of Trenton that attracts thousands of visitors annually to its medieval culture, lively nightlife, and renowned shopping and dining. Murphy lived, studied, and trained in Canterbury with the four other freshmen on the Princeton University field hockey team while they began college remotely during the fall semester. Murphy was nervous to live with people she didn’t know well, but the group clicked instantly upon arrival in August. “We weren’t forced to do anything together, but we loved doing everything together,” says Murphy. “We spent a lot of time together because we wanted to and because we’re such a closeknit group. This trip really bonded us as a class.” Murphy reunited with her classmates on campus this spring semester along with most of the enrolled Princeton University students for a more traditional college setting, but over the fall they were not alone in forming their own de facto pod. Princeton University sent all students home in March of 2020, at the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. When the school announced that students would not return to campus during the fall 2020 semester due to continued precautions, and the Ivy League canceled all fall and winter sports, groups of Princeton student-athletes buoyed their physical and mental health by living, training, and spending time together throughout the country as well as abroad. “From being on a huge team that’s been really close, and then not being together all of a sudden for multiple months, I know some guys were struggling at home — whether from a loneliness standpoint or academic standpoint or baseball and taking care of their work for baseball — so to be together was huge,” says Sy Snedeker, a senior baseball player who lived with four teammates in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. Student-athletes from across a range of Princeton sports originally tried to organize getting larger groups together in one place. “It sounded a little too good to be true because it was,” says Taylor Beckett, one of Snedeker’s Myrtle Beach housemates. “It’s tough to get dozens to all agree on one place and all move in one direction.” Instead, smaller pods formed like the field hockey freshmen in England, and the baseball players in Myrtle Beach just a few doors down from some PU women’s athletes. Nine men’s soccer players lived together in Mission Viejo, California; a dozen women’s lacrosse players split two houses in Park City, Utah; football

Princeton ice hockey player Sarah Fillier has been training in the Toronto area while preparing to try out for the Canadian national hockey team for the 2022 Olympics. (Photograph by Frank Wojciechowski)

players teamed up in Dallas; men’s cross country runners moved to Boulder, Colorado; women’s ice hockey players met up for training in the Toronto area; and a trio of women’s basketball players continues to live this spring in nearby Lawrenceville. “Living together is great,” says Julia Cunningham, who will be a junior on the women’s basketball team when she returns to Princeton next fall. “You have two people going through the exact same thing as you. They can relate to all the emotions and feelings that we had from the beginning of the year when we decided to take a gap year.” The student-athletes ranged from incoming freshmen like Murphy’s class, who had yet to even live on campus, to students like women’s lacrosse player Kari Buonanno, who had her first year at Princeton cut short by the pandemic, to upperclass students taking a gap year in order to retain a season of athletic eligibility and/or return to in-person learning like junior women’s ice hockey player Sarah Fillier, as well as baseball seniors like Beckett and Snedeker looking to make the most of the dusk of their college experience together. They looked to the new arrangements for a sense of normalcy, for motivation, for accountability, and for camaraderie. “It was pretty nice to take advantage of some pretty crazy and unprecedented times and try to make the most of it,” says sophomore men’s soccer player Ryan Winkler. “It was pretty cool to constantly be in and around a bunch of likeminded people. Everyone was either working or taking classes during the day and then we all stopped, would go out and play soccer, then come back. It was a pretty cool experience to live with a bunch of teammates.”


The women’s lacrosse pod in Utah combined returning sophomores and seniors rather than one or two grades closer in age. “This was kind of a special group in that we were taken off campus right before Kari’s grade would have had their first season, so we didn’t really get the immersed away trips, locker room, postseason games experience,” says Kyla Sears, who will be a senior next fall. “This was something really special that will help them come back on campus and feel as immersed as they would be if they’d had their first full season on campus.” Living together entailed more than the regular dorm life. On their own away from home and campus, they had to take care of the daily chores and rental upkeep together. “At Princeton, living in dorms, you don’t get that house living experience,” says Buonanno. “It was new for me. I think it was new for all of us. So cooking meals together, washing the dishes, doing all those little things was actually fun.” The Myrtle Beach baseball crew fended for themselves throughout the week but capped each weekend with a Sunday night “family dinner” when they took turns cooking for their house plus fellow Princeton students who lived down the street and any teammates who might be visiting. The dinners became a weekly highlight. “We’re in a house with a nice kitchen so we all took it upon ourselves to become little chefs and work on our cooking game,” says Snedeker. “That definitely improved for everyone while we were there.” TRAINING

Keeping up training while away from school, teammates, and coaches for more time than


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Most Outstanding Player Sarah Fillier as the Tigers rallied for a 3-2 win over Cornell for their first conference championship in program history. A week later, the pandemic cut their season short before they could start the NCAA tournament, and with this season also canceled, it left many unsure of when to return. Sarah Fillier is taking this year off from school and could add a second straight year away if she fulfills her lifelong dream of making the Canadian Olympic team for 2022. “Once I started training with Hockey Canada and having Maggie and Claire with me, and in the spot I am now, I feel like this year is going to benefit me whether I go to the Olympics or go back to school,” says Fillier. “Being in such an elite training environment on the ice and learning from all these great athletes, there’s no way you can’t benefit.” WORKING/STUDYING

Princeton field hockey freshmen Robyn Thompson, Grace Schulze, Bridget Murphy, Liz Agatucci, and Gracie McGowan at Sevenoaks Hockey Club in England.

usual was a concern for every athlete. The five baseball seniors are all enrolled and back on campus this spring semester with the hopes of having at least a shortened non-conference baseball schedule after the Ivy League Council of Presidents announced in February that there will be no league competition or championships. All share hopes of playing an extra college season in graduate school or starting professional baseball careers beyond Princeton. Jake Boone got a jumpstart when he signed a professional contract last summer. Working together in Myrtle Beach kept them on track. They lifted and worked out at their local YMCA and found a local baseball facility to hit and pitch in — sometimes close to midnight. “The owner of the place left us a key under the mat,” says Beckett. “We could come late at night when his lessons were done, and no one was in there and our schoolwork was done and get our workouts in. It was awesome from a coronavirus perspective as well to have access to a facility that we had to ourselves and not to a crowded place.” Unable to work out with their team on the nearby campus because they are not enrolled, the women’s basketball players have kept each other motivated and competitive in the local gym where Ellie Mitchell and Maggie Connolly work. Women’s lacrosse players paired with alumna Theresa Sherry, who is coaching a club program in Park City, to work out, or organized their own competition. “As much as we love it, and we love to play, it’s hard not to toe complacency when you’re off for more than a year,” says Sears. “Just being all together really drove us when we went out and played together.”

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In England, the field hockey players took advantage of training not just with each other but practicing and playing with the Sevenoaks Hockey Club team of fellow freshman Robyn Thompson, who grew up not far from Canterbury. “In the U.K., we train with ladies, not just age groups,” says Thompson. “They were pretty shocked to be with ladies that are 30 years old or 40 years old. It was definitely different for them. It was nice for me to have a lot more girls my age at training.” The women also trained on some nights with men’s players. With no fall season, the men’s soccer players held workouts and competed in small-sided scrimmages among themselves, after which they charted each individual’s wins on a whiteboard in the house. “That was a really fun way — healthy most times and maybe unhealthy other times — to really inject some competitiveness into the games,” says Kevin O’Toole, who will be a senior after this gap year. “It was a really fun time and a great experience to put some incentive into the games.” Maggie Connors, a junior ice hockey player taking a gap year, drove five days from Newfoundland to live with a pair of fellow college players in the Toronto suburb of Etobicoke where she could train with other high-caliber college players, including Princeton teammates Sarah Fillier, Kayla Fillier, Claire Thompson, and Dani Calabrese. “It felt a little bit normal because I could train and skate with people from all over the NCAA and be able to live away, which I hadn’t since March,” says Connors. The last time that Connors and the ice hockey team had competed, she assisted a goal by ECAC

Student-athletes kept up with their studies and work regardless of where they settled. “It’s hard to find a Princeton student-athlete slacking off,” says Sears. “I always find that in every situation.” Sears and Buonanno continue to work jobs remotely while finishing their gap year. Fillier is working now with the same hockey organization that she grew up playing for in Georgetown, Ontario. Connors, a politics major concentrating in international affairs, has used the gap year to explore another interest. She worked for Fettch Technologies, Inc., a startup that facilitates same-day delivery with an application. “I wanted to do more than keep my training up and being fit and improving my hockey ability,” she says. “I wanted to gain some work experience and do some things that I wouldn’t normally be able to do if things were back to normal.” Now back in Newfoundland, she is assisting Special Olympics. Working in a gym gives Connolly and Mitchell workout benefits. Cunningham, too, belongs to the gym, but is using her gap year to fulfill requirements toward attending physician assistant school. She thought she would have to wait until she graduated from Princeton to get to them. “On campus is always so hectic and there’s always a lot of pressure to do your classwork or to go to practice and play well,” says Cunningham. “This environment is a little more laid back and we have time to focus on things we want to work on that maybe we wouldn’t have had time to work on with the class load and the athletic responsibilities that we have while we’re on campus.” In the Myrtle Beach house, the senior baseball players all began working toward their theses, while at the other end of the academic lifeline the Princeton freshmen in Canterbury started college attending online classes from across the Atlantic Ocean. “It was definitely a lifestyle change,” says Murphy. “I’m very much a morning person, so having my first class at 2 o’clock — which was a 9 a.m. class here — was a big switch, but we managed to work it out.”

Winkler and O’Toole took the same computer science class to find out more about coding. O’Toole secured an internship, and Winkler continues to work for the start-up company Blue Umbrella. “I’ve been working there since August,” says Winkler. “It was a good experience and helped keep me busy while others were in classes.” EXPLORING

The locations each pod selected were part of their big draw. On weekends, the lacrosse players branched out from Utah on visits to Zion National Park; Jackson Hole, Wyoming; Idaho; and the Grand Canyon, where they challenged themselves with an ambitious hike. “People were passing us that had gone rim to rim,” says Sears. “We were saying, ‘Are we Division I athletes or not?’ You get down eight miles, and you think you have to go eight miles back up. I’ve never walked that far on flat road in my life. It was crazy.” In addition to being a hot spot for baseball, Myrtle Beach offered one of the world’s foremost golf centers. The baseball players spent weekends checking out different courses, often laughing at the expense of Connor Udell, who hadn’t played before. “I posted a Snapchat story every time we were out on the course, and it was basically Connor just playing golf,” says Snedeker. “I’m giving a play-by-play of his golf and he’s shooting 130s, 140s, 150s, and it was so entertaining.” Women’s ice hockey players met up with In Myrtle Beach are, standing in the back row from left, Princeton baseball seniors Sy Snedeker, Taylor Beckett, Jake Boone, Connor Udell, and Keith Gabrielson. In the front row, from left, are Princeton field hockey senior Emma Street, women’s lacrosse player Olivia Pugh, and field hockey senior Julianna Tornetta.

each other and alumnae to enjoy Toronto when the weather was nicer in the early fall. The men’s soccer players also visited the Grand Canyon and Zion National Park, and they made time to hike together in Yosemite National Park, a highlight of their time together in California. They also tried surfing. “We were trying to figure out how to get up on a surfboard, which took the majority of all of us the entire time just to stand up once or twice,” says O’Toole. “That was super fun going out and trying to be like every other Californian out there.” Exploring Canterbury brought its own charm to the field hockey freshmen. The historic city had a little of everything, and the women also took the train to London and saw Big Ben, the London Eye, and Trafalgar Square amidst shopping and sightseeing. HEALTH BENEFITS

Princeton field hockey freshmen Bridget Murphy, Grace Schulze, Liz Agatucci, Gracie McGowan, and Robyn Thompson in Canterbury, England.

Living so far from home together served to benefit the field hockey players in multiple ways. They got close quicker than they could have imagined and worked through the challenges of their unique first college experience together. SPRING 2021 PRINCETON MAGAZINE

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able to live with them and have a little consistency with what we’ve been doing the past couple years.” The pods kept players connected and brought them closer than they could have expected. Many players don’t get to live with each other on Princeton’s campus, and with only Zoom team meetings to connect with otherwise while away from campus, they found other ways to bond and keep each other motivated and healthy. “It was hard,” says Buonanno, “but for the mental health stuff, being with teammates — being able to play lacrosse with a group vs. being home and playing wall ball when you can and trying to sneak onto a turf because everything is closed — being out there was really, really awesome. It was great for me and great for everyone.” Even though they were thousands of miles from the campus, players felt connected to the University, connected to teammates and their teams while living, training, and working sideby-side wherever they were. “We took a small part of Princeton with us, which was really great,” says Beckett. “We took our group of four or five guys and a couple of the field hockey girls, and our interactions with each other were just like we’d have at Princeton. We joked about the same stuff, talked about the same stuff, played our sport together. That felt very normal. It was like we were at Princeton in a different place.”

Princeton women’s lacrosse players Jordan Marcus, Grace Tauckus, Kyla Sears, and Kari Buonanno.

“We talk about how much we grew as people having to live on our own for four months and not having our parents there and not being at Princeton and for them being in a completely different country and everything being online and not having the hockey we would have had at Princeton,” says Thompson. “I think the biggest thing I took away from it was how lucky we are to have had that and not to have been alone that semester.” Princeton University coaches have been quite concerned with the mental as much as the physical side of their players’ health. The remote pods seemed to help bring a sense of normalcy. “If I had just lived on my own at home, it would have been way different,” says Connolly, who will be a junior following her gap year. “It’s great to just be around your teammates and be able to have a little of bit of the normal life that we were having before, in the fact that we can work out together and shoot together. Definitely mental health wise it’s been awesome to be

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Princeton baseball seniors Connor Udell, Jake Boone, Sy Snedeker, Taylor Beckett, and Keith Gabrielson at their Myrtle Beach house.

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2020 Alzheimer’s disease shown on MRI.

will surely be remembered as a year that rocked the medical, political, social, economic, and cultural world as we know it. While schools, colleges, and traditional work environments were dramatically altered, families around the world were unable to gather to celebrate holidays or visit loved ones. Of course, all this upheaval and change was incredibly distracting and understandably dominated news headlines. What people may have missed were the medical breakthroughs and advances that occurred beyond the COVID-19 vaccine. Medical researchers and scientific labs took no breaks in 2020. As a result, the past year saw radical improvements in the treatment of heart health, cancer, diabetes, and more. At the 2020 Medical Innovation Summit, the Cleveland Clinic released its own list of the modern medical breakthroughs of the past year. Leading the list is a novel drug for primary-progressive multiple sclerosis (MS). The FDAapproved therapeutic monoclonal antibody is the first and only MS treatment for the primary-progressive population of patients. In addition, a new universal hepatitis C treatment is proven to be 90 percent effective for hepatitis C genotypes 1-6, which can serve a broader scope of hepatitis C patients. Thirdly, two PARP inhibitors have been found to greatly delay the progression of prostate cancer in men. Approved in May 2020, the PARP inhibitors

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have shown promise for treating women’s cancers, as well. An inherited life-threatening disorder that damages the lungs and digestive system, cystic fibrosis (CF) is a progressive, genetic disease that limits the ability to breathe over time and causes persistent lung infections. Most commonly diagnosed in childhood, CF can now be treated with a new combination drug that is estimated to help 90 percent of individuals living with CF (


In addition, migraine management has also significantly evolved over the past year with the introduction of new biologics that help in preventing migraines in the first place. Designed to target CGRP, the protein known for causing migraines, these new treatment options, as noted on, are wellsuited for chronic migraine sufferers and have the potential to change lives. Previous migraine treatments were typically multipurpose drugs

such as antidepressants, Botox, and antiseizure medications that were shown to reduce the number of migraine days per month but were not universally successful in preventing the onset of migraines. In contrast, these new drugs work by blocking the activity of calcitonin gene-related pepitide (CGRP) molecule, which increases during the onset of a migraine, thereby introducing a new league of migraine treatment in 2021. Alzheimer’s is a well-known disease that is estimated to afflict more than 5 million people in the United States ( facts-figures). The same research predicts that 76 million people worldwide will receive a diagnosis of some form of dementia by 2030. Amazingly, a blood test developed by C2N Diagnostics ( in St. Louis, Missouri, may have the ability to determine the likelihood of a patient developing Alzheimer’s. Launched in October 2020, the PrecivityAD blood test for the detection of Alzheimer’s disease pathology is the first of its kind to be cleared for international use even before the onset of significant symptoms. In effect, PrecivityAD analyzes the proteins in a person’s bloodstream to determine the likelihood that they will develop Alzheimer’s. The test is designed for men and women ages 60 and older with early signs of cognitive impairment or a family history of cognitive impairment. C2N hopes to develop blood tests to address early detection of a variety of neurological disorders. SPRING 2021 PRINCETON MAGAZINE

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The MyCareLink Heart mobile app allows patients living with a pacemaker to easily view select data.

As stated on the company’s website, additional blood tests could be used to measure “the concentration and metabolism of CNS-derived biomolecules using sensitive stable isotope labeling” to provide novel insights into normal and abnormal workings of the brain. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease wherein the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas are wrongly detected as foreign bodies and are destroyed by the immune system. Currently, the standard treatment of this disease is through constant monitoring of glucose levels and regular insulin injections. However, even with the most vigilant attention to diet, lifestyle, medication, and exercise, type 1 sufferers can experience episodes of extremely low blood sugar (known as hypoglycemia), which can be life threatening. Novo Nordisk, a leader in diabetes treatment, is working to create a technology to essentially cure type 1 diabetes (novonordisk. com/disease-areas/type-1-diabetes.html), thereby eliminating the cycle of daily injections and fatal complications. The pharmaceutical company is aiming to transform stem cells into “insulin-producing cells that can be transplanted into the pancreas to recover normal insulin production.” In animal studies, these transformed cells successfully cured mice with type 1 diabetes. The company is also working on developing “glucose sensitive insulins that will eliminate hypoglycemic events. This would be the next big breakthrough in type 1 diabetes care. We share this ambition with many partners in the diabetes research community and work closely with them towards a common goal — eliminating hypoglycemia.” With the progression of overall technology comes the advancement of medical and

diagnostic treatments. This has been especially proven when it comes to the medical community’s understanding of heart health, stroke prevention, and pacemakers. In fact, 2020 brought the development of “smart” pacemakers that work in sync with a smartphone via Bluetooth. Smartphones and mobile apps can now be used to transmit heart health data to a medical provider, increasing the ease and efficiency of remote monitoring. In the past, wireless pacemaker transmission usually involved lots of medical monitoring equipment that was kept in a patient’s home. The clunky equipment would transmit secure data to a physician’s office but did not necessarily diminish the need for in-person visits. Now, in a time of social distancing, making your smartphone work in tandem with your heart health holds bright promises for the future. Another technological advancement having a direct impact on human health is the vacuuminduced tamponade device, which acts as a minimally invasive and life-saving tool for clinicians to use in the case of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). This devastating complication of childbirth is characterized by excessive bleeding after having a baby. According to, “PPH affects anywhere from one to five in every 100 women who give birth.” In physical terms, if the uterus does not contract strongly enough

after delivery of a baby and the placenta, the blood vessels in the region where the placenta was attached remain open and the mother can quickly bleed to death. The new tamponade device creates negative pressure inside the uterus, causing the cavity to collapse and bleeding to stop abruptly. The device is designed in the shape of a teardrop. Once the soft silicone ring is placed inside the uterus, gentle compression ensues, mimicking the contraction after a safe childbirth. As noted on, “In a clinical trial of one such company’s product, hemorrhage was controlled within two minutes with no recurrence and very little blood loss after treatment initiation in all women involved.” This new device has the potential to be very promising for birthing complications in developing countries where birthing resources are often few and far between. The international nonprofit organization Every Mother Counts ( notes that “more than 800 women die every day from complications related to pregnancy or childbirth.” That’s essentially one woman every two minutes. The promise of technological innovations such as the tamponade device could save millions of lives. Notwithstanding all these new advancements, arguably the top medical innovation of 2021 will be the continued rollout and distribution of coronavirus vaccines and their use to help prevent the spread of COVID-19 now and in the future. The next step will likely be the search for an antiviral medication like Tamiflu, that will reduce the duration and severity of COVID cases going forward. Pfizer, Moderna, and Johnson & Johnson could face steep competition in the race for an antiviral vaccine as the COVID-19 strain continues to change and evolve over time. The ultimate hope is that these medical marvels will once and for all put an end to life under a pandemic and continue to improve the quality of life for patients everywhere.

Ampoules of coronavirus vaccine.

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Come for a cleaning. Stay for a lifetime. Once people discover us, they tend to stay put. It makes sense: most people choose their dentist very carefully and the closer you look, the better we look.

family oriented dental practice, you’re in for a pleasant surprise. From the front desk to our It’s time to get your hygienists and dentists, teeth cleaned. you’ll meet a team of dedicated professionals Kiersten Huckel, DMD and Shanni Reine-Mutch, DDS Whether you need routine focused on your wellness. checkups or comprehensive treatment, we’re confident you’ll Your visits will be timely, unrushed and diligent. It’s a different and better way to care for your family’s dental health. want to be our patient for life.

We’re invested in your health.

Our best referral? Word of mouth.

Before we reopened last Spring, we installed wooden floors in place of carpeting, high-tech air filters, and state-of-the-art equipment that vacuums away aerosols during patient treatment. Schedule your visit now, and prepare to feel safer and more comfortable here than you might almost anywhere else. If you’ve never experienced our full-service,

Don’t take our word for it. Search “Princeton Center for Dental Aesthetics and Implants” and you’ll find hundreds of five-star reviews from patients who say things like “I wish I found this dental practice sooner” and “this was the best experience I’ve ever had with a dentist.” We welcome your inquiries and look forward to meeting you soon.

Kirk D. Huckel DMD, FAGD • Kiersten Huckel DMD • Shanni Reine-Mutch DDS 609-924-1414 • • 11 Chambers St., Princeton

A brief Q&A with the father and daughter dentists at Princeton Center for Dental Aesthetics & Implants What has the practice done to adapt to the pandemic, for the safety of patients and staff? Kirk: Of course, it was imperative to us that our patients and staff were safe. Before we reopened last June 8, we got rid of carpet and put in hardwood floors. We installed four stateof-the-art vacuum systems that remove the aerosols that all dentistry creates and use UVC light to kill all the bacteria or virus particles. We installed additional air filtration in the building. And provided PPE for everyone. People should feel safe. Dentistry’s always been at the forefront of sterilization and keeping things clean. What is your secret for helping young patients become happy and relaxed so they look forward to their visits? Kiersten: We’re a family practice of general dentistry, which means we see a lot of families. I think with children, the secret is to have fun with them, show them what we’re doing, and keep them interested. Seeing their parents or older siblings also looking at them, happy and relaxed, goes a long way, too. For older patients we offer nitrous oxide, or oral-conscious sedation therapy for patients with a very high level of dental anxiety. You offer a “holistic” approach. Do all patients get the same level of health-conscious service? Kiersten: Yes. We practice comprehensive dental medicine instead of just treating things as they come up. We make

every effort to be as conservative as possible with our diagnosis and treatment. Our holistic approach includes safe amalgam removals and ozonated water. Holistic dentistry is often tailored to the individual’s needs and concerns, so the best approach is to have a conversation with us about it.

Kirk Huckel, DMD, FAGD and Kiersten Huckel, DMD

What are some newer materials and technologies that make procedures better for patients? Kirk: We’re always looking for materials that are better. Recently, we’ve switched to zirconia implants instead of titanium implants. Titanium is a metal, which is less desirable from a holistic perspective. Zirconia is a ceramic material and our investigations found that zirconia is kinder to the soft tissue. We’re doing more immediate implants, basically taking

the damaged tooth out and putting a new one in at the same time. This saves up to 4 months and a separate visit. And with our in-house technology, we can actually make ceramic crowns right here in the office in one visit. In addition, we use digital imaging extensively, such as topographic scanning of the teeth for Invisalign, rather than messy molds. For implants, we use a dental CT scan to evaluate the thickness, width, height, and other anatomy of the dental arch. This helps us position the implant in a more accurate way. Increasingly, dental implants make sense for many people as they get older. What should we know when deciding about implants? Kirk: First of all, people should know dental implants are highly successful at any age. The success rate is so high that you can have an implant for a lifetime. If you lose a tooth, it’s far better to opt for implants over bridges because they don’t tie teeth together and they’re easier to brush and floss. Aesthetically, you get a much better result when you have individual teeth rather than teeth connected by a bridge. Do you offer orthodontics for children as well as adults? Kiersten: Yes, we do. We do a lot of orthodontics for children and adults, especially early-interceptive ortho to help correct problems that are more difficult to correct later. Around age seven is a good time to start the evaluation for most children.

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coronavirus we hadn’t even heard of fourteen months ago and a president who, at least for now, has moved on dominated the headlines and our consciousness over the past year, but the big story of the year ahead might be a very different issue that promises to provoke some of our deepest concerns and beliefs: cannabis, bringing its far-reaching impact and billion-dollar industry to New Jersey. With more than two-thirds of New Jersey voters supporting the November 3, 2020 ballot issue to legalize recreational use of cannabis and New Jersey Governor Phil Murphy on February 22 signing into law the legislation that permits and regulates marijuana use, the state has embarked on the numerous complex steps to create a cannabis industry. Almost every faction of the state’s population is involved in one way or another, and thousands are eager to weigh in on the determination of who, when, and how the state proceeds in growing, processing, testing, marketing, regulating, selling, and educating the public. At stake as New Jersey anticipates the effects of legalization are the future of a potentially huge economic juggernaut for growers, distributors and the state, the development and growth of minority businesses, and nothing less than social justice itself for all. “This legislation will establish an industry that brings equity and economic opportunity to our communities, while establishing minimum standards for safe products and allowing law enforcement to focus their resources on real public safety matters,” said Murphy in signing the bills. “Today we’re taking a monumental step forward to reduce racial disparities in our criminal justice system, while building a promising new industry and standing on the right side of history. I’d like to thank the legislature, advocates, faith leaders, and community leaders for their dedicated work and partnership on this critical issue.” Disparities in law enforcement over the years have seen Black New Jersey residents more than three times as likely as white residents to be charged with marijuana possession, despite similar rates of usage. The recently signed bills, however, decriminalize the use or possession of up to six ounces of marijuana. Marijuana for medical purposes has been legal in the state since 2010, but patients are not allowed to grow their own cannabis. Recently approved legislation also includes a reduction in penalties for underage use or possession, with written warnings and referrals to community services like mentorships and counseling rather than harsh fines or criminal punishments. Despite widespread voter support and the initial hurdles that have been cleared, the challenges ahead are formidable in creating this $1 billion industry that is expected to generate about $126 million a year in revenue for the state. Setting up dispensaries and other cannabis

establishments may take another year, and it may be another year after that before significant tax revenues are apparent. One goal of the new state cannabis industry is to take over the current illegal trafficking in marijuana and to channel tax revenues to support impact zones, minority communities like Atlantic City, Camden, East Orange, Irvington, Newark, Paterson, Trenton, and other areas that have been most damaged by unfair treatment from law enforcement and others in the war on drugs. At the time of the bill signing American Civil Liberties Union of New Jersey (a founding member of New Jersey United for Marijuana Reform) Executive Director Amol Sinha commented, “With Governor Murphy’s signature, the decades-long practice of racist marijuana enforcement will begin to recede, in a shift that emphasizes the urgency of building

that hire residents of these areas. To qualify as an impact zone an area must rank in the top 15 percent in the state in unemployment, in the top 40 percent in recent small amount marijuana possession arrests, and have a high total crime index ranking. Also in the bill are provisions to support micro business loans, conditional licenses, and business development resources for minority groups, women, and disabled veterans. In the coming months and years, the impact of this new industry will be felt by all New Jerseyans, whether they voted for legalization or not. Several of the public figures who have been working most assiduously to make sure that the state gets it right in launching this new era shared their thoughts on the legalization of recreational marijuana in New Jersey and what lies ahead for the industry and the state’s residents.

“THIS LEGISLATION WILL ESTABLISH AN INDUSTRY THAT BRINGS EQUITY AND ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY TO OUR COMMUNITIES, WHILE ESTABLISHING MINIMUM STANDARDS FOR SAFE PRODUCTS AND ALLOWING LAW ENFORCEMENT TO FOCUS THEIR RESOURCES ON REAL — NEW JERSEY GOVERNOR PHIL MURPHY PUBLIC SAFETY MATTERS.” the most equitable framework possible for cannabis legalization. With this historic reform, New Jersey also shifts our approach to youth possession and use by moving away from the punitive status quo to a framework that values public health, harm reduction, and the well-being of young people.” He continued, “Our state’s cannabis laws can set a new standard for what justice can look like, with the removal of criminal penalties for possession and an unprecedented portion of tax revenue dedicated to addressing the harms wrought by the drug war. Signing these laws puts in motion the next phase of this effort: to work relentlessly to transform the principles of legalization into greater racial and social justice in New Jersey. This is a new beginning —and the culmination of years of advocacy and we must keep in mind that it is only the start.” Overseeing the transition and making sure that social justice remains in focus is the governorappointed New Jersey Cannabis Regulatory Commission (CRC), which has been designated the decision-making body for the new industry. Among other provisions, the legalization bill would include a 6.625 percent sales tax plus 2 percent maximum municipal tax, with 70 percent of the revenues from those taxes dedicated to minority communities. It would also require that at least 25 percent of cannabis licenses go to residents living in designated impact zones and that priority for licenses be given to businesses


Andrew Zwicker, who currently represents the 16th District in the New Jersey General Assembly and is running for a position in the state Senate, has been a strong proponent for cannabis legalization on the grounds of social equity. He discussed the passage of the legalization bill and its implications for the future. “In November the people of New Jersey spoke strongly in favor of legalization of adult-use cannabis,” he said. “It took longer than expected to get the legislation correct, but we did, and the governor signed it. It’s what the voters of New Jersey asked us to do.” Pointing out important challenges ahead for the CRC and for Princeton and other New Jersey municipalities, Zwicker mentioned business, safety, and social justice concerns. “We want to ensure that New Jersey entrepreneurs have the ability to participate if they so choose,” he said. “The other piece of this is the fact that for way too long we’ve had people being arrested for possession of cannabis and jailed, and this is disproportionately Black and Brown communities, an unfair burden on those communities.” Zwicker pointed out that Princeton and the other towns in central New Jersey that he represents face a number of difficult decisions in the next six months. “They have to decide if this is something they want to participate in or


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open for business for at least five years. It’s a very quick timeframe for us to master a lot of information. To give us time to make the best decision for the community, it might make sense to say we’re going to do this on our own schedule, not on the state’s.” Fraga pointed out the need for time to draft the ordinance, introduce it, and provide the opportunity for public comment. Commenting on the work of Princeton’s CTF, Niedergang explained, “The ZWICKER future of cannabis in Princeton is unwritten. I want to make sure that this task force is focused on the issues that are ahead of us, not the issues that are behind us. The issue of whether we should have legal cannabis, that’s already decided. Another issue is whether it should be available in town. My understanding of the legislation is that there will be delivery services everywhere, and even if we wanted to we could not keep it out.” She continued, “You’ll be able to sit at your computer, go on a website, and say, ‘I want PRINCETON COUNCIL MEMBERS this or I want that.’ A battle I think some people are fighting Princeton Council President Leticia Fraga about is whether we should have and Council member and leader of the newly it in our community. That’s not a formed Princeton Cannabis Task Force (CTF) battle we need to focus on.” Eve Niedergang discussed the work ahead in Two additional focal points Princeton with the six-month time clock ticking for the CTF will be education and a final decision due by August on whether and enforcement. “We want LETICIA Princeton will opt out on participation in six to make sure that all the different segments of the cannabis market: populations —under 21, our adult-use population, cultivation, manufacturing, wholesaling, and our seniors — get the education they need,” distribution, retailing, and said Niedergang. “We want this delivery. to be absolutely data- and fact“There are six different driven. I understand that cannabis licenses available in the marijuana is a very bad thing for a young industry, and we have to decide developing mind. If you’re 37 whether saying ’yes’ to any one or if you’re 20 it’s different. We or more of those licenses is in the need to make sure the education best interests of the community as is tailored.” a whole,” said Niedergang. More than 30 people have If municipalities don’t take applied to join the CTF, and the action in the six months from task force will include a lawyer when the governor signed the and representatives from Corner legislation in February, Princeton House, the school district, the will be open to cannabis police department, the business business under current zoning community, and the Senior regulations for individuals with Resource Center. CTF meetings the appropriate licenses. Princeton EVE NIEDERGANG will be open to the public. Fraga Council, with advice from the CTF, will consider mentioned the need for well-rounded input and whether Princeton should just opt out on all discussion and she noted the diversity of applicants, possible licenses at this point in order to gain “not just racial diversity, but background, time to decide without pressure. including neurologists, medical professionals, and “Once you opt out, you can opt in whenever researchers. We’re very fortunate in Princeton that you want,” said Niedergang. “But if you choose we have the brain power. It’s not just the mayor and not to opt out in the six months, then you are Council making decisions.” do they want to wait and see. In many ways this is not the same as alcohol, but it certainly is similar. It has its advantages and disadvantages.” He continued, “None of this mandates that a community must have a dispensary or a lounge. The legislation allows for it, but it’s very much up to the municipalities whether or not they’d like to have an establishment like that in their town. It’s not up to me. It’s up to the people. We have bars in almost every town in New Jersey, ANDREW but this is a brand new type of store. Some towns may be comfortable with that, and some may not. That is completely up to the town. In Princeton, it will be up to the Council based on the will of the people.” Zwicker emphasized that he was talking only about adult use. “We would never tolerate alcohol use by minors, and we’re not going to tolerate it for cannabis,” he said. “This is a really important time in New Jersey, because the war on drugs has devastated communities in tremendously unfair ways. We now have the ability to start to change that. To be sure that revenue generated goes back into these communities is critically important.”

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Niedergang also emphasized the priority of equity in implementing and enforcing cannabis policies in Princeton. “How do we make sure that Princeton’s commitment to social and racial justice is very clearly stated?” she said. “We are not allowed to tell the police or prosecutors what to do, but to the extent to which we can adopt a community attitude, as we have in other areas such as not supporting ICE raids, we can show our moral colors.” Highlighting the urgency of the current situation Fraga added, “We have to get out ahead of this and work through these issues . We have to gather the expertise we need and make decisions. The whole point of the task force is to make the best possible recommendations to the mayor and Council.” Acknowledging the possibility that cannabis could give Princeton a significant economic boost, Niedergang said she remains undecided as to whether the CTF’s deliberations will discover more pros or cons in the prospect of a marijuana dispensary in town. “I’m agnostic,” she said. “If it’s going to be for the benefit of the community overall and we can do it in the way we want, emphasizing social and racial justice and get someone from within the community to own and operate, then I would definitely be open to it.” Fraga, the mother of teen-aged children, noted the community’s concerns about keeping alcohol out of minors’ reach, and she emphasized the importance of enforcing restrictions and laws on FRAGA cannabis. “There’s a tightrope we need to walk,” said Niedergang. “We need to keep the process moving and make sure we review all the pertinent information, bring in the community input, and act in deliberate and careful haste. We don’t want to rush into this without thinking it through, but at the same time we don’t want to make the decision two years down the road and lose out on some of the economic benefits.” PRESIDENT, NEW JERSEY CANNABIS CHAMBER OF COMMERCE

Ed DeVeaux, an expert in government relations and business development at Burton Trent public relations firm in Trenton and president of the New Jersey Cannabusiness Association (known as the cannabis chamber of commerce), has been in the forefront of work to form a responsible and sustainable cannabis industry in the state. DeVeaux emphasized the need to avoid the mistakes and injustices of the past and take advantage of the social and economic opportunities that the cannabis industry can provide. “What New Jersey stands to gain now is the opportunity to create an industry —which

Protesters rally in support of the legalization of marijuana in front of the White House in Washington D.C., in 2016. (

Commercial marijuana grow operation. ( SPRING 2021 PRINCETON MAGAZINE

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strategy is simple. We are eliminate the disqualificationis so rare,” he said. How many times in your looking to cultivate, process, first protocol of the application lifetime do you get to create an industry, and and dispense cannabis in process,” she said. “We’ve seen now we’re creating an industry. We are excited all forms.” Pure Genesis is hundreds of thousands of dollars to be able to advocate for not only great social currently applying for a license spent on an application, only and economic policies, but a commercial to branch out into recreational to be disqualified for a lack of platform as well.” marijuana. signature. We have to eliminate He explained that people often asked him, as Coleman emphasized the need to win a license. Like a policy adviser, how he got into the cannabis her company’s focus on any other industry, if you meet industry. “My answer was ‘because I want it “community-first partnering,” the requirements, you should be done right,’” he said. “I want it done right looking to offer 30 percent of granted a license.” because I am a parent. I want it done right jobs to those recently released Noting the lessons to because I am active in my community. I want it from prison due to possession, be learned from Colorado, done right. That’s why I’m involved.” to offer a living wage as a Oklahoma and other states DeVeaux pointed out that getting it right base line to provide leadership that have legalized marijuana, requires that the CRC adopt an effective skills training, and to deliver Coleman emphasized, “We have regulatory framework with appropriate rules one percent profit-sharing for to be more inclusive to achieve and laws for the industry. “Getting it right is FAYE COLEMAN the communities where they equity.” She also pointed out the making sure that the Cannabusiness Association are based. need to overcome significant financial barriers is involved and advocating for sound policy for Pure Genesis, Coleman described, is a on the path to an equitable cannabis business all of these businesses involved from cultivation multi-faceted business, including operations environment. to delivery and making sure that they have the in hemp cultivation, a data analytic study on Coleman appreciates the progress already regulatory framework so they can be sustainable pain management with Rowan made on many fronts, and she is optimistic about and profitable.” University, as a consultant New Jersey’s future with cannabis. “I think DeVeaux went on to in business and education, a cannabis provides an industry that benefits our emphasize the importance cannabis education workshop environment, our economy, and our people,” of education, so that all for at-risk youth called “Now she said. “New Jersey can pursue social equity New Jersey communities are You Know,” and a new line of through cannabis. We need to make sure that well informed —“everyone, CBD beverages called Genesis the benefits are for all people. And the work from law enforcement to with a national rollout currently continues.” educators to community-based underway. organizations and the whole FOUNDER AND PRESIDENT, DOCTORS Coleman described her entry education community.” FOR CANNABIS REGULATION into the cannabis industry. “I was “People need to understand excited to enter the space, but first the history, how we got David Nathan, Princeton psychiatrist and when I got into it in 2018, it was here, and then the potential founder and president of Doctors for Cannabis eye-opening to say the least.” that exists and making Regulation, discussed some of the medical and Both Coleman and her mother sure that we’re all working are cancer survivors, and Coleman legal issues of cannabis in New Jersey. toward ensuring that the “As a physician I certainly was looking for industry is a benefit to all our want to see a reduction in nonalternative health communities,” he said. ED DEVEAUX medical underage use, because care. “She had As president of what my reading of the literature is a very challenging recovery he cited as the largest and most diverse trade that cannabis can indeed affect from cancer,” Coleman said. organization in the state, DeVeaux noted his brain development,” he said. “Traditional medicine darn near responsibility to represent all the stakeholders “Even though I’m an advocate killed her.” in the industry from current medical marijuana of legalization for adult use, Coleman and her team of license holders to everyone who would like to I’m equally adamant that we eight at Pure Genesis are what get involved: accountants, attorneys, realtors, need to do what we can to keep she described as “an Americaninsurance companies, transportation and kids from starting cannabis at made cannabis-ready-now janitorial services and others. Highlighting a time when their brains are business. We have the team, the the priorities of fairness and free-market most vulnerable and the risk land, the municipality approval, opportunities for everyone, he added, “I of problematic use is much represent them all so I have to make sure that the and the capital required to get a higher.” license, and more important to industry at large addresses their concerns.” Nathan was pleased that successfully operate a cannabis DAVID NATHAN FOUNDER AND CEO, the most recent legislation had business beginning now.” PURE GENESIS reduced fines for possession by 18- to 20-yearShe discussed the issue of equity and access olds from $250 to $50, but he emphasized that to opportunity. “Social equity lowers the barriers In 2018, Faye Coleman, with experience the criminal justice system is the wrong tool to and provides a path for those cannabis-ready or in engineering and the corporate world, use to prevent underage use. soon-to-be-ready businesses. Equity is really transitioned from a career in the food industry “If we have to impose punishment on young about access. Look at investment in diversity at Campbell Soup into the medical marijuana people for possession — and I question the and having the right people at the table. Equity business in Cherry Hill, New Jersey. She wisdom of doing so — then we should require brings that access and leads to agency in the founded Pure Genesis, a minority women’s of them their time and not their money,” he said, cannabis industry for Black communities and all business enterprise. advising against “the old fashioned scare tactics people of color.” “Our mission is threefold: education, access about reefer madness and trying to convince kids Licensing is one issue Coleman hopes and advocacy, pure and simple,” she said. “Our that it’s a gateway drug.” He suggested instead to see expedited by the CRC. “We need to

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and Universal Cannabis Product Symbol (UCPS) UCPS

“Caution before cannabis”


“Lead with labeling”

Cannabis Information

Strain: Sopheli OG (Indica dom. hybrid) Product form: Flower SCAN How it’s used: Inhaled FOR MORE Weight: 3.5g INFO Î Serving size: 166mg* Servings per container: 21

*Serving size based on estimated inhalation and absorption of 10mg of heated ;V[HS ;/* :LY]PUN ZPaL MVY ÅV^LY JVUsumed orally is 40% of the number shown. Actual ingestion may ]HY` ZPNUPÄJHU[S`

Cannabinoids Per Serving


0.625 in

15.1% 2.3% 13.4% 1.4%

10.0mg 1.5mg 8.9mg 0.9mg

Other cannabinoids (mg/serving): CBN 0.63, CBG 0.30


WARNINGS: Keep out of reach of children and pets. This product may be addictive. Do not drive or operate machinery while intoxicated. This WYVK\J[ TH` WVZL ZPNUPÄJHU[ OLHS[O risks to pregnant or breastfeeding women, minors, and people with psychiatric disorders.

Lot SFTDN-287002 Exp 04/18/23

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organizations’ Introducing the Universal logos here Cannabis Information La [TBD] and Universal Cannabis Product Symbol (UCPS)



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*Serving size based on estimated inhalation and absorption of 10mg of heated ;V[HS ;/* :LY]PUN ZPaL MVY ÅV^LY JVUsumed orally is 40% of the number shown. Actual ingestion may ]HY` ZPNUPÄJHU[S`

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THC and CBD data per serving (required)

15.1% 2.3% 13.4% 1.4%

10.0mg 1.5mg 8.9mg 0.9mg

Other cannabinoids (mg/serving): CBN 0.63, CBG 0.30


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For inquiries or permission to use: For more information:


Original design: David Nathan, MD and Eli Nathan 2021-01-24

Snoop and David Nathan with Declaration of Principles.

New cannabis packaging labeling system diagrams with “Caution before cannabis” icon.

“a required course on coping skills, or a course cannabis prohibition was misguided from the on managing stress or stress reduction. That outset and creates much more harm to society would do a lot more for reducing underage use than the use of cannabis itself and understand than a fine or mandated treatment class.” that public health is best served by changes to Describing fines for underage possession as the law that help reduce structural racism.” “akin to imposing a regressive tax on people Nathan continued, “We’re doctors for of lower income,” Nathan added, “At the same cannabis regulation for a reason. We see that time what’s most important is that we stop regulation of cannabis is a much better approach arresting Brown and Black people for the use of than even a decriminalized system where the a drug that New Jerseyans have decided should penalty for possession is reduced but the drug be legal for all adults.” remains technically illegal. If we’re going Nathan explained, “For adults the odds to accept that tens of millions of Americans of developing dependence on cannabis are already use cannabis, then it behooves the something like 9 percent, whereas 16 percent of medical community to support regulation so underage users below the age that we can ensure government of 16 will develop cannabis oversight, testing, proper dependence, so we certainly labeling, and public education want young adults to wait as about the potential health long as possible to start their effects of cannabis.” use of it, but at the same time Nathan is currently working I don’t want to see an 18-yearon a project to optimize labeling old in Newark to have to face on all cannabis products. fines for cannabis possession COMMUNITY ORGANIZER that he or she may not be able to pay.” John Bailey, community Doctors for Cannabis organizer and founder of Regulation, according to the Black Cannabis Equity Nathan, who founded the Initiative (BCEI) and the international organization Capital City Area Black in 2015, is “a group of Caucus, has been arranging and mainstream responsible leading monthly forums since JOHN BAILEY physicians who believe that

December, bringing together major stakeholders and players in the cannabis industry. Bailey, who moderates the virtual Zoom gatherings of leaders from government, business, community affairs, and social equity, emphasized that his goal is “to broaden the cannabis dialogue in New Jersey by including more voices in this legalization discussion.” Noting the confusion on many issues related to cannabis legalization, Bailey said that the ongoing Zoom conversations are “a place and an opportunity to hold authentic cannabis legalization discussions and to look at the social equity impact on the state and on New Jersey residents in their local communities.” BCEI, he said, “is advocating for opportunity and access for Black businesses and BCEI has a pathway and plans for doing that.” He highlighted three initial topics as the focus of the social equity discussion: recognition of past abuses and failures; recognition of the need for equity capacity building to achieve economic and social goals; and recognition of the need for equity sustainability, including opportunity and accountability. As he continues to lead many of the stakeholders in bringing the social equity issue to the forefront, Bailey, who grew up in Princeton and now lives in Colorado, emphasized, “There are many more questions than answers.”


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Princeton Council’s annual reorganization meeting on January move forward on COVID relief and other important business without 4, 2021, New Jersey Congresswoman Bonnie Watson Coleman them.” enthusiastically administered the oath of office to new Mayor Watson Coleman did just that, hosting a tele-townhall February 25 Mark Freda and newly elected Council President Leticia on COVID vaccine safety and distribution. “My number one priority is Fraga. Less than 48 hours after the virtual ceremony, the Ewing resident crushing this virus,” she said in an interview a few weeks earlier. “We want was huddled with more than 100 other lawmakers and staff in a crowded to make sure everybody has access to the vaccine, and that we eliminate office at the U.S. Capitol in Washington. any disparities, and that Biden’s plan is executed.” It was January 6, the day a mob of A 76-year-old cancer survivor, Watson insurgents roamed the halls stalking Coleman shows no signs of slowing her members of Congress — Democrats, pace. She is currently serving her fourth like Watson Coleman, in particular — in term as a U.S. Representative for New their violent attempt to halt the lawful Jersey’s 12 th Congressional District. She was the first Black woman to represent certification of the presidential election. When she was diagnosed with COVID-19 the state in Congress. She served eight a few days later, she issued a press release consecutive terms in the New Jersey saying she believed she contracted the General Assembly and was the first Black virus from lawmakers who declined woman to serve as majority leader and as to wear masks during the protective chair of the New Jersey Democratic State isolation. Committee. Watson Coleman was fortunate. After Two decades ago, two of Watson an infusion of monoclonal antibodies, Coleman’s three sons pled guilty for she experienced mild symptoms and holding up a Kids “R” Us store in Mercer recovered quickly. She rested briefly but Mall. They served five-and-a-half years was soon back at work, venting her anger in prison. Watson Coleman not only in television interviews and an editorial acknowledged the situation, she turned it for The Washington Post. into a platform for change. While serving On February 13, when Donald Trump as majority leader, she convened a yearBonnie Watson, right, celebrating at her 12th birthday party. was acquitted by the Senate on an long series of public hearings on reforms impeachment charge of inciting the insurrection, Watson Coleman was to prisoner re-entry programs, and moved legislation through the Assembly on prisoner rehabilitation and release. quick to issue a statement: “Republicans have shown, yet again, that they are not actually interested in the rule of law so much as they’re interested More recently, Watson Coleman and two colleagues founded the Congressional Caucus on Black Women and Girls. She is an active in showing fealty to Donald Trump and his dangerous, destructive brand of member of the Congressional Black Caucus, the Congressional Caucus politics. They have displayed that no amount of reason can break through for Women’s Issues, the Congressional LGBT Equality Caucus, and the the stranglehold he has over many of them. It’s time for Democrats to SPRING 2021 PRINCETON MAGAZINE

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The congresswoman chairing a hearing of the Emergency Taskforce on Black Youth Suicide and Mental Health on June 7, 2019. From left are Stacey Plaskett (D-Virgin Islands at-large), Eleanor Holmes Norton (D-DC at-large), Watson Coleman, and Ilhan Omar (D-MN).

Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus. The list goes on. Born in Camden and raised in Ewing, Watson Coleman grew up in a family immersed in political life. Her father was John S. Watson, a wellknown local figure who served six terms in the New Jersey legislature. A street is named after him in Ewing. “I am one of four children. My family always had a shared dinner, and my father would require that we eat together. That’s when we talked about current events and politics,” she said. “Both of my parents were good listeners. They didn’t dismiss us because we were young. From a very early age, we were taught we had a responsibility to use whatever gifts were given to us to help others. Whatever resources were at our disposal, we had a responsibility to help.” There was often someone bunking with the family. “If one of us had a friend who needed a home for a while, we put an extra bed in one of the rooms,” Watson Coleman said. “That kind of carried over. We always talked about issues, responsibilities, what does it mean to be Black, and things of that nature. So, we all grew up not really seeking public service careers, but having them. My father was a Mercer County freeholder first [before becoming an assemblyman], and my oldest brother [Trenton Parking Authority Chairman Bill Watson] and I got very involved in his campaign. From then on, we started paying attention not just to what was happening, but why it was happening.” Before entering politics, Watson Coleman spent 28 years in the executive branch of New Jersey state government. She began in the Division on Civil Rights. She later became an assistant commissioner of the Division of Community Affairs and finished that part of her career at the Division on Housing. “I have always been about enforcing laws or protecting or developing regulations for people who would otherwise have been ignored, marginalized, or hurt,” she said. Bonnie Watson Coleman and Nancy Pelosi speak after a Prescription Drug Roundtable at the Henry J. Austin Center in Trenton.

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Watson Coleman lives in Ewing with her husband William, in a house built on land that her father gave her “so that we would always be near,” she said. Despite her busy schedule, family is clearly a priority. Spending time with her 8-year-old granddaughter Kamryn is among her greatest pleasures. So is watching movies on The Hallmark Channel. “My family laughs at me about it,” she said. “But I love them because they always have a happy ending.” When we spoke in late January, Watson Coleman had yet to return to Washington. Trump’s second impeachment trial had not yet begun. “It is very tense and concerning right now,” she said. “Not only are we concerned about safety and security in Washington, we are concerned in our districts. So as these investigations are taking place, we realize we don’t fully comprehend the magnitude of this insurrection. We need to get to the bottom of it.” Recalling January 6, Watson Coleman said she and others were locked in an office for a few hours. “I could hear the mayhem,” she said. “I could hear the chant ‘USA, USA, USA.’ I could hear the scuffling, but I really couldn’t discern that much.” Someone knocked loudly on the door and said they were security. “I said, ‘Show me your badge,’ she said. “One of them did, over the transom; the other slid his under the door. They said they had to move us to a secure location. They took us down through tunnels where we had been earlier, and then up to one room. There was no TV in there. We really didn’t have a sense of what was going on, though some were on their phones giving out interviews. We stayed there until they cleared it. There was no social distancing, and some people didn’t have masks on. One of my colleagues tried to give them masks, and they weren’t taking them.” At the time, Watson Coleman was more puzzled than scared. “I believed that security would protect us,” she said. “I didn’t realize how compromised security was. Afterward, when reliving it, I saw some of

the damage when we did go back in and vote. I realized, oh my God, they intended to harm us and disrupt the government. It was something we never expected to see in the United States of America. I have had to resist the what-ifs. Because not only did they want Pelosi and Pence, they were willing to take any hostage who was a member.” Watson Coleman believes that positive change can come only if those who break laws are brought to justice. “You don’t get rid of racism and anti-Semitism and other phobias against Muslims, LGBT, and the like, but you do control the negative behavior by enforcing the law,” she said. “I can’t ask to change your heart, but I can doggone sure change your behavior. I hope the heat is so high that they go so far underground, and while they do, we do everything we can to restore decency and respect and an appreciation for diversity. And we get people to jobs, and climate control. We have to communicate to people what we’re doing that responds to what they need. We haven’t always been good at it. We must come big and we must come bold. Biden is certainly leaning in that way, and I look forward to working with him legislatively. But people need to know we care that you have access to health care, decent jobs, decent wages, houses, and making sure your children get educated without the burden of a whole bunch of debt.” While the impeachment vote didn’t go the way Watson Coleman had hoped, she continues to work toward change on numerous levels. “The whole law enforcement issue as captured in what happened to George Floyd, the Voting Rights Act, looking at systemic racism, at poverty — I think so much damage has been done to our systems and our weakest of communities over the last four years,” she said. “So we have to be very versatile in how we conduct our business. There are so many concerns that need to be addressed, and we have to deal with them simultaneously, not in a linear way. There is a lot to do.”

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SYLVIA BEACH’S SHAKESPEARE AND COMPANY PU Digital Project Explores the Iconic Bookstore’s Influence in Literary History

By Wendy Greenberg

Images courtesy of Shakespeare and Company Project, Princeton University


was a place where writers and artists — many of whom were expatriate Americans — met and formed a community of their own. The Shakespeare and Company bookstore in Paris in the 1920s and ’30s was a home to many, a place to replenish the intellect and refresh the spirit, and even a place where mail was delivered. It was where literary luminaries such as Ezra Pound, Gertrude Stein, Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald, and Archibald MacLeish may have crossed paths. Shakespeare and Company was the creation of Sylvia Beach, who in 1919 arrived in Paris via Princeton, recognized a market for English language books, and offered encouragement and support to the writers who bought, browsed, and borrowed. The bookstore closed in 1941, but Princeton University’s digital humanities venture, the Shakespeare and Company Project (, has brought the iconic shop to life once again. A meticulous record-keeper, Beach kept addresses, logbooks, and lending cards that show what her lively community was reading between the two World Wars: James Joyce was reading about Oscar Wilde; Simone de Beauvoir was reading Ernest Hemingway; and Hemingway himself was reading about bullfighting. The information originated in the Sylvia Beach papers — 180 boxes in the Department of Special Collections, Manuscripts

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Division, Princeton University Library. Besides running a bookstore and lending library for more than a thousand members (the lending library has cards for 653 individuals, but the logbooks reveal many, many more), Beach gained celebrity by publishing James Joyce’s Ulysses in 1922, when it was banned in the United States and England. In tribute to her, the road behind the Princeton Public Library is named Sylvia Beach Way. When she lived in Princeton, Beach resided on Library Place. THE PRINCETON YEARS

Beach writes in her own book, Shakespeare and Company (University of Nebraska Press 1959), that her father was pastor of the First Presbyterian Church (the forerunner of Nassau Presbyterian Church). Beach herself is buried in Princeton Cemetery. The Rev. Sylvester Woodbridge Beach was a Princeton University (Class of 1876) and Princeton Theological Seminary graduate. His Princeton congregation included the Woodrow Wilson family — Beach officiated at the weddings of two Wilson daughters and at Wilson’s funeral — and Grover Cleveland. The Beach family (Sylvia, born Nancy, was one of three daughters) first lived in Bridgeton, and then Princeton in 1906 after spending three years in Paris when Sylvia was a teen, and her father was pastor to a student group (Students’ Atelier Reunions).

“Princeton, with its trees and birds, is more a leafy, flowery park than a town,” she wrote in her book, “and the Beach family considered itself lucky.” She writes about her Princeton friend, Annis Stockton, and the fun they had. But by 1917, the restless Beach was back in Paris. The bookstore, which opened in 1919 with savings sent by her mother, filled a need for English-language books, and complemented the French language bookstore across the street, run by Adrienne Monnier, Beach’s partner and business mentor. Beach’s first American customer was George Antheil, a composer from Trenton. Gertrude Stein gave the bookshop several of her rare works, and Beach displayed some art — no less than drawings by William Blake, photographs of Oscar Wilde, and letters of Walt Whitman — collected from family and friends, as described in her book. When Beach died at age 75, in 1962, according to Princeton University Manuscripts news blogs, the then-head of Princeton’s Department of Special Collections, Howard C. Rice, traveled to Paris and packed up Beach’s archives, paintings, and other materials, and the library purchased them from Beach’s estate. THE DIGITAL PROJECT IDEA

But there they sat. That is, until 2012, when Princeton University Associate Professor of English Joshua Kotin, then in his second year of teaching at Princeton, took his graduate students studying Ezra Pound to the archives and the idea of digitizing the papers in the boxes took hold. “A student who had grown up in Paris (Jesse McCarthy, now on the English faculty at Harvard) noticed the addresses on the cards, and they came alive for him,” said Kotin. “He said this would make a great mapping project, which was an amazing idea. I kept urging him to do the project, but we ended up doing it together. It became clear the maps of the residences were not even the most interesting part.”

And so they founded Mapping Expatriate Paris: The Shakespeare and Company Lending Library Project — now the Shakespeare and Company Project — a digital humanities project that examines the reading habits of the writers known as the Lost Generation. It was developed with a team that eventually grew to 30 undergraduate and graduate students and staff, including lead technical director Rebecca S. Koeser. They worked, transcribing materials and building a database, from 2014 until the site was launched in May 2020. Their efforts allow us to explore the activities of the bookstore, sort results by demographics or publication dates, and see how often books circulated. “I was fascinated with Beach from the very beginning,” said Kotin, whose research and teaching focus is on modernism, poetry and poetics, and American literature. He is the author of Utopias of One (Princeton University Press 2018). THE ULYSSES PUBLICATION

Kotin noted that it took “bravery” to publish Ulysses, not only because it was banned in the U.S. and elsewhere, but because “Joyce was a handful.” Beach, in her own book, describes the arduous process of working with the exacting Joyce. As an understanding friend, she allowed him to make edits on the proofs, which complicated the process. Ulysses had first been published between 1918 and 1920 in serial form by The Little Review, an American literary magazine. But all copies were confiscated after it was ruled obscene, and it remained banned in the United States for the next 14 years. Beach, who admired Joyce’s literary skill, offered to publish it. She spent a great deal of money on the publication and overcame challenges, such as a manuscript thrown in the fireplace and an attempt to get replacement pages from a New York lawyer to whom Joyce had sent the manuscript. But the book was published on time for Beach to give






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| 63

Lending library card of James Joyce.

Joyce the first copies on his birthday, February 2. This past February 2, the Irish Literary Times posted this tweet: “First edition of Ulysses — published on this day in Paris in 1922 (on Joyce’s 40th birthday), thanks to Sylvia Beach, owner of the bookshop Shakespeare and Company.” THE BEACH LEGACY

“She wanted to live a life in literature and invented a new way of doing it,” said Kotin. “She did not write at the time but found another way to become a vital part of that life. Her support of the arts made a huge impact on literary history.” Beach was influential to literary history in different ways, describes Keri Walsh, who earned her Ph.D. at Princeton, is director of the Institute of Irish Studies at Fordham University, and is author of The Letters of Sylvia Beach (Columbia University Press 2010). Walsh presented a talk last fall with Kotin, which was sponsored by the Princeton Public Library and Princeton Historical Society. “Sylvia Beach supported writers like Joyce, Hemingway, Fitzgerald, H.D., Bryher, Gertrude Stein, Robert McAlmon, and others in so many ways,” Walsh commented by email recently. “She made space available for people like Robert McAlmon to run experimental presses like Contact, allowing them to work and store stock at Shakespeare and Company, as well as selling their journals out of her store. She also helped her writers to navigate some of the complexities of French bureaucracy.” She helped arriving writers settle in Paris, connected them to housing and other writers, and helped them understand local norms and get their bearings, according to Walsh. “She writes in her memoir about hosting a dinner with Adrienne Monnier to introduce F. Scott Fitzgerald to James Joyce. Beach offered various kinds of logistical support — for instance, she was Joyce’s banker, delivering to him the funds from his patron Harriet Weaver. She received mail for anyone who needed a steady address in Paris. She also supplied writers with the books they needed for their projects and sometimes gave comments on manuscripts. Her support took many forms — social, intellectual, logistical, and emotional.” Lending library card of Jacques Lacan.

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Sylvia Beach standing with author Stephen Vincent Benét in the doorway of the Shakespeare and Company store.

Added Kotin, “Beach was amazing. She was an obsessive record-keeper and kept logs too — of what happened in the bookshop, food bought at the grocery store, hairdresser appointments — writing all that in her notebooks. She kept every receipt. “For my project, we knew these cards existed, and my team and I transcribed them all. Each card is a story. Everyone using the web archive will see something different.” There were endless surprises, he said, such as how many English speakers lived in Paris and which writers could have crossed paths. “It’s like peeking into someone’s Amazon cart or Netflix queue, the artifacts for the future. We want to know what was going on in the writers’ lives.” The Beach archives are more than papers — there are inscribed books, correspondence, and the sign which hung outside the bookstore door. This was the third sign, explained Kotin, and was painted by a Monnier’s sister, Marie Monnier-Becat. What were the members reading? Many were reading each other. Joyce’s Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man was the most popular book, according to a post by the Princeton Public Library. Other in the mostchecked-out-books category included Joyce’s The Dubliners; Dorothy Richardson’s Painted Roofs, (Pilgrimage 1); Katherine Mansfield’s The Garden Party; and Christopher Isherwood’s Mr. Norris Changes Trains.

Other widely selected books were E.M. Forster’s A Passage to India; D. H. Lawrence’s Women in Love; Virginia Woolf’s Mrs. Dalloway; Aldous Huxley’s Point Counterpoint; and Pearl S. Buck’s The Good Earth. THE BEACH PROJECT

The digitized project offers a different picture than the cards in the library’s boxes. Camey VanSant, project manager until recently, explained, “On first consideration, people might think of the Shakespeare and Company Project primarily as a digitization project. And, indeed, it is a digitization project. There is something exciting about seeing images of the lending library cards of James Joyce and Katherine Mansfield and so many other important figures. It brings the archive to life – something that is all the more important at a time when physical archives are so difficult to access. “It is also important to recognize that the project allows researchers to explore questions that would be extremely difficult and time-consuming to pursue with hard copies alone.” The Center for Digital Humanities team has developed tools allowing users to search by book, for example, “so that they can see all the cards that mention a particular title with just a few clicks. Imagine how long it would take to go through all the lending library cards for mentions of Mrs. Dalloway. The Project also provides tools to learn more about Shakespeare and Company members. For example, you can sort by nationality or neighborhood to see what people are reading. Are Americans more likely to read American literature? Are neighbors reading the same books? I can’t wait to see what researchers — whether scholars, students, or enthusiastic readers — find out!”


What does the project tell us about the cadre of writers from that time, living abroad and known as the Lost Generation, the disillusioned generation, often compared to millennials of the 2000s? Hemingway, in his book A Moveable Feast, credits the term to Gertrude Stein. But Beach countered in her book that “I can’t think of a generation less deserving of this name.” Kotin added that those referred to “had a real commitment to each other in a positive sense. “This may be too optimistic, but they were consoling to each other.” The project also tells us, said Kotin, “how large and diverse and varied the community was, not the small cast of characters we usually hear about. “Paris was ready for this bookshop. Beach turned her bookshop into a unique place. Her patience in her commitment to Joyce, no one else could have done that.” The bookstore closed in 1941. As Beach herself described, a Nazi officer came in and wanted her last copy of Finnegan’s Wake. She would not oblige. The officer threatened to confiscate the contents of the shop, and she quickly hid books, and even shelves, in an empty apartment upstairs. She spent six months in an internment camp and was released. Sylvia Beach never did reopen the bookstore in Paris. Until, in a sense, the Princeton University Shakespeare and Company Project reopened it for everyone.

Overdue card with Shakespeare tearing out his hair.

Membership card collage. SPRING 2021 PRINCETON MAGAZINE

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reen energy! Even though those two words underscore issues like climate change and sustainability, my first thought is of the green energy of poetry, of the “goat-footed balloon man” of e.e. cummings “blowing far and wee when all the world is mud-luscious and puddlelovely” and of Dylan Thomas’s “force that through the green fuse drives the flower.” From there, primal word-association brings forth comic strip images of the superhero energy of The Green Hornet reincarnated in DC comics’ Green Lantern (“Beware My Power”), which inspires in turn fantasies of Henry David Thoreau as a graphic super hero, the Wizard of Walden, and Melville’s Moby-Dick reduced to the energy-efficient size of a Save the Whale comic book. In fact, a British graphic artist named Nick Hayes has produced The Rime of the Modern Mariner (Viking), a green redo of Samuel Taylor Coleridge’s immortal Rime. In an article on the Sierra Club website (“4 ThoughtProvoking Graphic Novels About the Environment”), Chelsea Leu notes that Hayes has the mariner shoot the albatross with a gun rather than a crossbow and uses Coleridge’s “naturalistic ideas to illustrate (literally) the frightening 21st-century environmental issues we face” in a world Hayes calls “detached from consequence.” After killing the albatross, the modern mariner “sees all manner of horrors — a North Pacific drilling barge leaking a ‘glossy thick petroleum slick,’ swaths of polystyrene bobbing in the heart of the North Pacific gyre, and nylon netting in the body of the albatross itself — all rendered in precise but nightmarish line art.” During a “lavishly illustrated dream sequence, the mariner comes to an understanding of his place in nature, a sort of rebirth that has him feeling truly interconnected with life on earth.” Hayes also manages to work in jawbreakers like “polymethyl methacrylate” and “Themisto gaudichaudii,” presumably without undue damage to the

original meter and rhyme scheme. Whole pages of “painstakingly detailed” drawing are devoted to a single elegant line of verse, accomplished with art that is “streaky and ragged or simple and clean-cut in all the right places.” Another graphic adventure is Philippe Squarzoni’s Climate Changed: A Personal Journey Through the Science (Harry N. Abrams), a 480-page novel in images about the author’s quest to educate himself on the basics. As “meticulously researched as it is illustrated,” Climate Changed is, in Leu’s words, “a crash course on the science, explaining everything from how the emissions in our atmosphere contribute to warming to the benefits and pitfalls of our renewable energy options.” A starred review in Publishers Weekly credits Squarzoni for taking on “one of the most important topics of our time” in a form “that is dense but comprehensible, informative and fascinating.” The other two graphic books on the Sierra Club list are John Muir, Earth - Planet Universe, by Julie Bertagna with illustrations by William Goldsmith, and I’m Not a Plastic Bag by Rachel Hope Allison. “GREEN THINKING”

In Spirit of Green: The Economics of Collisions and Contagions in a Crowded World (due in May from Princeton University Press), Nobel Prize–winning economist William Nordhaus suggests that solving problems — such as climate catastrophe and pandemics, wild fires and corporate malfeasance — requires coming up with new ways to manage “the powerful interactions that surround us.” For carbon emissions and other environmental damage, the task depends on ensuring that those responsible pay their full costs rather than continuing to pass them along to others, including future generations. Cass R. Sunstein, author of Averting Catastrophe, says “The Spirit of Green is the best book I have ever read on environmentalism — on its foundations, on what it means, and on what it doesn’t mean. If you’re looking for a guide for humanity’s future — and that of our planet’s other species as well, ... this is it.” According to Jeffrey D. Sachs, president of the U.N. Sustainable Development Solutions Network, Nordhaus “shows clearly and eloquently that we have the reasons, economic tools, and technologies to achieve a Green Earth. He writes with great wisdom and insight on how we can achieve a ‘well-managed society,’ one that advances the well-being of current and future generations. And he demonstrates the power of economic tools, many of which he has designed or honed, to achieve our global green goals.” DEBATING WIND TURBINES

Shaun A. Golding’s Electric Mountains: Climate, Power, and Justice in an Energy Transition (coming in July from Rutgers University Press) draws on several years of research to make sense of how wind turbines have divided a community of environmentalists, as well as several communities. Besides casting light on the roadmap for energy transition that northern New England’s ridgeline wind projects demarcate, the book outlines how ridgeline wind conforms to “antiquated social structures propping up corporate energy interests, to the detriment of the swift de-carbonizing and equitable transformation that climate predictions warrant.” Jesse Goldstein, the author of Planetary Improvement: Cleantech Entrepreneurship and the Contradictions of Green Capitalism, finds Electric Mountains “well-written, incredibly informative, and sharply argued.” A MAYOR’S PLAN

In Solved: How the World’s Great Cities Are Fixing the Climate Crisis (University of Toronto Press), former Toronto mayor David Miller argues

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that cities are taking action on climate change “because they can and because they must.” Having served as mayor of Toronto from 2003 to 2010, Miller is responsible for supporting nearly 100 mayors of the world’s largest cities in their climate leadership and building a global movement for socially equitable action to mitigate and adapt to climate change. In his introduction, he points out that at least 35 cities can now say they have “peaked emissions,” while estimates show that as many as 50 major global cities will have climate plans “consistent with the goals of the Paris Accord by early 2021. Unlike national governments, cities don’t just talk — they act.” Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti agrees: “Reading this treasure trove of climate solutions, I kept thinking, ‘what works in practice should work in theory.’ We are so bogged down by nay-sayers, inertia, and fossil fuel propaganda that transformative climate action in cities is being ignored. Thanks to David Miller for pulling together success stories from all around the world.” CLIMATE JUSTICE

At the 2019 U.N. climate change conference, activists and delegates for groups representing youth, women, and labor rights were among those marching through the halls chanting “Climate Justice, People Power.” In The New Climate Activism (University of Toronto Press), Jen Iris Allan looks at why and how these social activists came to participate in climate change governance while others, such as those working on human rights and health, remain on the outside of climate activism. Through case studies of women’s rights, labor, alter-globalization, health, and human rights activism, Allan shows that some activists sought and successfully gained recognition as part of climate change governance, while others remained marginalized. The New Climate Activism explores why and how these activists brought their issues to climate change, and why some succeeded while others did not. A POEM FOR GRETA

A teen-age climate change activist from Sweden succeeded on the grand scale, as TIME’s choice for 2019 Person of Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg. (

the Year. Greta Thunberg is green energy embodied and articulated. Collins Dictionary named her pioneering idea, climate strike, the word of the year, and on Thunberg’s birthday, January 3, 2020, Patti Smith posted a poem with a photo on Instagram: “This is / Greta Thunberg, turning / seventeen today, asking / for no accolade, no gifts, / save we not be neutral. / The Earth knows its kind, / just as all deities, just as / animals and the healing / spring. Happy birthday / to Greta, who stood today, / as every Friday, refusing / to be neutral.” Greta Thunberg’s speeches have been collected in No One Is Too Small to Make a Difference (Penguin).

Bowman’s Hill Wildflower Preserve. (Photos by Jeffrey Tryon)

Spring Escapes – Close to Home By Laurie Pellichero After the cold, snowy winter and so much time spent indoors due to the pandemic, now’s the time to get outside and enjoy nature, hiking, biking, and the wealth of outdoor activities the area has to offer. Here is a sampling of some local favorites that could provide a welcome escape (check websites for safety protocols). BALDPATE MOUNTAIN or call (609) 8883218. Masks and social distancing are mandatory at all in-person programs. Located directly across Fiddler’s Creek Road from Baldpate Mountain is the 108acre Hollystone Preserve, which was acquired by Mercer County in 2010. The preserve was recently the site of a 40-acre reforestation project. A new trail passes through this area, and links to trails at Baldpate Mountain and Washington Crossing State Park. For more, visit

Owned by Mercer County since 1998, Baldpate Mountain off Route 29 in Titusville is the highest point in the county. It is part of the 17mile Sourland Mountain Ridge, a rich source of outdoor adventures. Baldpate, once known as Kuser Mountain, is home to the Ted Stiles Preserve, which features one of the largest and least disturbed tracts of woodlands in the region with a variety of rare birds and wildlife. Also on the property is Strawberry Hill Mansion, originally owned by the Kuser family, which overlooks the Delaware River. The Baldpate Mountain. (Photo by Jeffery Tryon) BOWMAN’S HILL WILDFLOWER PRESERVE Strawberry Hill Native Plant Garden is filled with native wildflowers, shrubs, and trees. Just over the bridge in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, you can find the 134Popular visitor activities at Baldpate Mountain include hiking, mountain acre Bowman’s Hill Wildflower Preserve. More than 700 of the state’s biking, jogging, horseback riding on designated trails, and birdwatching. native plant species thrive in the preserve’s diverse habitats — mature Spring Nature Programs offered by the Mercer County Park Commission hardwood forests, a meadow, steep hillsides, a creek, two ponds, and other include free “Just a Hike” programs at Baldpate on Tuesday, April 13 wetlands. The preserve also features three distinct geological zones that and Wednesday, April 14 from 1 to 3:30pm . Participants meet at the influence their overlying soils. Flddler’s Creek Road parking lot. Registration is required, visit register.

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According to its website, the Bowman’s Hill Wildflower Preserve is the nation’s only living museum specifically devoted to native plants, and visitors are encouraged to explore its 4.5 miles of trails as they reconnect to the natural world. In spring, flowering shrubs, trees, and vines include wood poppy, twin leaf, toadshade, squirrel corn, spring beauty, redbud, red trillium, marsh marigold, dwarf crested iris, and bloodroot. The preserve also features a Native Plant Nursery, which will have plants available for purchase throughout the growing season. A wide variety of guided walks, programs, and lectures are also offered. Bowman’s Hill Wildflower Preserve is open daily from 9am to 5 pm , with the last entry at 4 pm . The Visitor Center is located at 1635 River Road in New Hope, Pa. Visit MERCER MEADOWS POLE FARM

World War II broke out, and was once filled with giant rhombic antennae – supported by several thousand poles that gave the site its nickname. By 1957 it was the largest radiotelephone station in the world. At its highest point, in 1963, six million calls went through the station. But with the installation of transatlantic telephone cables and the launch of communications satellites, the poles started to come down and AT&T made the decision to close and demolish the station in 1975. All that remains now is a single 80-foot pole that stands off Federal City Road. Mercer County purchased the land in 1995 and has installed signage that tells the story of its role in telecommunications history, as well as interpretive signs, bird blinds, and observation towers. According to the New Jersey Audubon Society, species regularly breeding in the forested habitats at Pole Farm include the wood thrush, eastern wood pewee, chimney swift, gray catbird, sharp-skinned hawk, and wild turkey. Grasshopper sparrows, bobolinks, American woodcocks, and American kestrels nest in the area’s grassland habitats.

The 22 miles of the Lawrence Hopewell Trail provide a multitude of opportunities for walking, biking, wildlife observation, and more. The Mercer Meadows Pole Farm, located off Cold Soil Road near Terhune Orchards, also offers a St. Michaels Farm Preserve. (Courtesy of D&R Greenway Land Trust) ST. MICHAELS FARM PRESERVE fascinating history. The 820-acre preserved area that is filled with wildflowers in the Since 1989, D&R Greenway Land Trust of Princeton has permanently protected more than 21,000 acres of land. Through creating trails on the springtime, along with trails, grasslands, wetlands, and plenty of birdwatching opportunities, was once home to a major transatlantic communications hub lands, the nonprofit organization gives everyone the opportunity to enjoy the great outdoors. One such preservation, which just celebrated its 10th for the United States. According to the Lawrence Historical Society, this tract of land was selected for use as an American Telephone and Telegraph anniversary, is the 400-acre St. Michaels Farm Preserve — an expanse of (AT&T) International Radio Transmission Station from 1929 through 1975. farm fields and forests on the edge of Hopewell Borough. It became an important telecommunications hub to Europe, especially as The property, which provides visitors with expansive views in many

AT&T International Radio Transmission Station. (Lawrence Historical Society)

The Red Barn at Mercer Meadows Pole Farm. (Photo by Jeffrey Tryon)

A monarch butterfly at Mercer Meadows; There are several hiking/biking trails throughout Mercer Meadows. (Photos by Jeffrey Tryon) SPRING 2021 PRINCETON MAGAZINE

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Aerial view of Grounds For Sculpture. (Photo by David W. Steele)

sections, was the home of St. Michaels Orphanage and Industrial School, which was operated by the Catholic Diocese of Trenton from 1896 until 1973. After the orphanage closed, the land was leased to a local farmer. In 2010, D&R Greenway purchased the property from the diocese for $11 million through a public/private partnership, saving it from development. Six miles of farm roads now provide walking trails throughout the preserve. There are four types of plant communities on the preserve: agricultural fields, shrub/scrub, hedgerows, and forest. As noted on the D&R Greenway website, more than 100 species of birds have been identified on the preserve, including 11 species of warbler, indigo bunting, rose-breasted grosbeak, and scarlet tanager. Hawks cruise the fields looking for voles and mice, kestrels live by the barn, herons have been seen along the creek, and sparrows and finches frequent the fields. A forest of about 35 acres has several widely-spaced white oaks. The Charles Evans Overlook off Aunt Molly Road provides amazing views. For a trail map and more, visit drgreenway. org.

Outdoor exhibits include “Rebirth: Kang Muxiang” through August 19 and “Bruce Beasley: Sixty Year Retrospective, 1960-2020” through January 9, 2022. For tickets and additional information, visit THE WATERSHED INSTITUTE

Keeping water clean, safe, and healthy is the mission at The Watershed Institute in Hopewell Township. The Watershed works to protect and restore water and the natural environment in central New Jersey through conservation, advocacy, science, and education. The Watershed Center is located at the Watershed Reserve off Titus Mill Road. As noted on, the Reserve was created with an initial gift of 400 acres from Dr. Muriel Gardiner Buttinger in 1969. It now spans nearly 1,000 acres of forest, wetlands, streams, meadows, and farmland. The public is invited to explore more than 10 miles of trails that wind through these habitats and pass by two historic GROUNDS FOR SCULPTURE farmhouses that date back to the 18th and 19th centuries. Art lovers are sure to enjoy Grounds For Sculpture, Visitors can also enjoy watching the which features nearly 300 contemporary sculptures waterbirds at the four-acre Wargo Pond, which sited across 42 beautifully landscaped acres in supports the Reserve’s diverse community of Hamilton. While the indoor exhibits have been Grounds For Sculpture. ( animals and plants. Birders can also be on the closed during the pandemic, the public can explore the grounds via timed lookout for osprey, bobolink, Cooper’s hawk, red-shouldered hawk, and tickets Thursday through Monday from 10am to 6pm. numerous species of owl. Some of the oldest trees in central New Jersey Founded by the late artist and philanthropist J. Seward Johnson, the can be found in the Reserve, as well as foxes coyotes, weasels, and flying nonprofit Grounds For Sculpture opened in 1992 at the site of the former squirrels. New Jersey Fairgrounds. The current collection includes sculpture by 150 Later in the season, starting in mid-June, visitors can explore the Kate artists, including Clement Meadmore, Anthony Caro, Beverly Pepper, Kiki Gorrie Butterfly House. This outdoor structure showcases native butterflies Smith, George Segal, Magdalena Abakanowicz, Isaac Witkin, Joyce J. and the native plants that support them. As noted on the website, the gardens Scott, Willie Cole, and Johnson.

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inside simulate typical habitats of the area, and the wildflowers and shrubs inside provide nectar and shelter for butterflies and food for caterpillars. The Watershed Reserve is free and open daily from dawn until dusk. The trails are accessible from the main entrance at 31 Titus Mill Road, with a parking lot on Moore’s Mill-Mount Rose Road and West Broad Street. Masks and social distancing required. For more information, visit WINERIES

For an adult beverage with your escape, local wineries – including Hopewell Valley Vineyards, Terhune Orchards Vineyard and Winery, and Unionville Vineyards — offer wine tastings and special events while practicing COVID-19 protocols and social distancing guidelines. Hopewell Valley Vineyards, located at 46 Yard Road in Pennington, is now open Monday through Thursday from 11AM TO 3PM , Friday and Saturday from noon to 7:30PM , and Sunday from noon to 5 PM . There is limited seating indoors and unlimited seating outdoors. Check hopewellvalleyvineyards. com for the live music schedule. Terhune Orchards Vineyard and Winery at 330 Cold Soil Road in Princeton is open Saturday and Sunday from noon to 5PM , with outdoor seating under the apple trees. Visitors can enjoy wine by the glass and tasting flights. Bottles are available in the Farm Store seven days a week. Visit for upcoming events. Located at 9 Rocktown Road in Ringoes, Unionville Vineyards offers wine tastings Friday through Monday by appointment in the tasting room. The picnic grounds are open from noon to 5 PM daily for guests to enjoy wine by the glass or bottle. No reservations are needed for the dozen picnic tables. For more information and the latest special events, including Chardonnay Release Weekend on April 17 and 18, visit An aerial of Unionville Vineyards. (Courtesy of Unionville Vineyards)

Boardwalk trail at The Watershed Reserve. (Courtesy of The Watershed Institute) Inset, wood frog. ( SPRING 2021 PRINCETON MAGAZINE

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